Issuu on Google+

Katadyn Products Inc. Drinking Water When Travelling

Katadyn Products Inc. Birkenweg 4 | 8304 Wallisellen | Switzerland Tel + 41 44 839 21 11 Fax +41 44 830 79 42 info@katadyn.ch | www.katadyn.com


Content Content

• About Katadyn

• The World’s Water • Health Precautions

• Water Contamination

• Water Treatment Technologies

• Water Treatment When Travelling • Katadyn Filters

• Katadyn Micropur

• Katadyn Desalinators

• Katadyn Drip Filter for NGOs


Back to content

About Katadyn

Katadyn - „Making Water Drinking Water“ • Producing high quality portable water systems since 1928 • Global leader in portable water treatment

• Swiss Company located in Wallisellen near Zurich

• All Katadyn products are assembled in Switzerland

• Worldwide distribution network with subsidiaries in Germany, France,

Sweden, Singapore and the USA • 2004: Purchase of the German brand Trekking-Mahlzeiten GmbH • 2007: Purchase of the Optimus International AB, Swedish producer of outdoor stoves and accessories

Katadyn image film


The World’s Water

Back to content

Water everywhere but little to drink • 97% of the world‘s water is salt water

• Two thirds of the remaining 3% is frozen in the two poles

• Only 1% is considered fresh water – most of which is not safe to drink • 50% of all travellers are affected by travel diseases

• 80% of all travel disease is due to contaminated water

• Ordinary travel diarrhoea is usually overcome after 48 hours. Many cases

also require post-treatment at home


Health Precautions

Back to content

Hygiene Tips For Travelling I • Ice cubes must be made from germ-free water; do not use any unless it is clear where they have been • • • • • •

produced when you order. Avoid non-bottled beverages that have not be industrially produced. Choose well-cooked foods; avoid raw foods and foods that have only been cooked and fried lightly – seafood, mayonnaise, ice cream, butter cream, etc. Avoid food from street stands. Only eat fruits, raw vegetables and salads that have been cleaned with germ-free water; otherwise, clean them yourself with sanitised water. Never drink fresh, uncooked milk; pasteurised milk is safe. Only drink fruit juices if you are sure the squeezing device and the hands that have been in contact with the fruit are hygienically clean. Beware of bottled fruit juices that contain sugar, as this creates an ideal culture for bacterial growth.


Health Precautions

Back to content

Hygiene Tips For Travelling II • Ice cubes must be made from germ-free water; do not use any unless it is clear where they have been • • • •

• •

produced when you order Fresh, hot coffee and tea as well as beer and wine are safe. Caution: alcoholic drinks will not destroy bacteria already inside the stomach. To brush your teeth, always use germ-free water; even a gulp of contaminated water may lead to diarrhoea. Take medication only with germ-free water; diarrhoea may affect it effectiveness (e.g. tablets). Do not swim or bathe in the waters (rivers, lakes) of tropical and subtropical countries, where bilharzias is widespread. This disease is caused when pathogens enter through the skin of persons swimming or bathing in freshwater. Wash your hands regularly, especially before handling food and after using the toilet. Always use clean hand towels.


Water Contamination

Back to content

Water Contamination •

Microorganisms - Protozoa - Bacteria - Viruses

Inorganic Contaminations - Heavy Metals

Microorganisms

• The most common health risk on trips is the infection by pathogens such as

bacteria, viruses and protozoa cysts contained in drinking water. Most experts – EPA and CDC (Centers for Disease Control) estimate that 90% of surface water has microorganisms that cause illness. Protozoa (1 - 15 micron*)

Organic Contaminations - Agriculture - Suspended Solids and Turbidity

Bacteria (0.2 - 5 micron*) Virus (0.02 - 0.2 micron*) * Comparison: A human hair is approximately 100 microns in width


Back to content

Water Contamination •

Microorganisms - Protozoa - Bacteria - Viruses

Inorganic Contaminations - Heavy Metals

Organic Contaminations - Agriculture - Suspended Solids and Turbidity

Microorganisms Protozoa (e.g. Amoebas, Giardia, Cryptosporidium) - Single-celled animal, which, like bacteria, gets into drinking water through human and animal excrements - These hard shelled parasites form cysts which can lead to acute gastro-intestinal diseases - Commonly found in unfiltered surface water, but have also been found in residential drinking water (Milwaukee, London, Sydney) - A single cell can cause an infection

The Solution: Because of their relatively large size (1- 15 micron), they are easily removed with water micro filters Chemicals require a long contact time (2 - 4 hrs) due to their resistant outer shell/membrane


Microorganisms

Back to content

Water Contamination •

Microorganisms - Protozoa - Bacteria - Viruses

Inorganic Contaminations

Bacteria (e.g. E-coli, Salmonellae, Cholera)

- Small microorganism (0.2 - 5 micron size) - Reproduce rapidly in warm environments – especially water – depending on the available nutrients - Become hazardous as soon as they enter drinking water along with animal or human excrements

- Heavy Metals

Organic Contaminations - Agriculture - Suspended Solids and Turbidity

The Solution: Water micro filters can remove Bacteria from water In clear water, chemical agents can also be used to disinfect water


Microorganisms

Back to content

Water Contamination •

Microorganisms - Protozoa - Bacteria - Viruses

Inorganic Contaminations - Heavy Metals

Viruses (e.g. Hepatitis A, Polio)

- Tiny parasites from ~0.02 - 0.2 micron size - Viruses can only reproduce within living cells, because they have no own metabolism - All virus species spread via drinking water are of fecal origin - Common near habitation where the sewage goes into the drinking water

Organic Contaminations - Agriculture - Suspended Solids and Turbidity

The Solution: Since viruses are usually bound to particles in turbid water, they can often be removed with filter pores sized up to 0.2 micron For maximum safety, the filtered water should also be disinfected


Inorganic Contaminations

Back to content

Water Contamination •

Microorganisms - Protozoa - Bacteria - Viruses

Inorganic Contaminations

Heavy Metals

- Occur naturally in the earth‘s crust and are spread by rain water - Heavy metals in larger concentrations can be very dangerous to humans - The WHO has published guidelines defining the maximum permissible levels in drinking water

- Heavy Metals

Organic Contaminations - Agriculture - Suspended Solids and Turbidity

The Solution: Heavy metals can only be removed from the water using complex techniques


Organic Contaminations

Back to content

Water Contamination •

Microorganisms - Protozoa - Bacteria - Viruses

Inorganic Contaminations

Agricultural Substances

- Herbicides, pesticides, mineral and organic fertilizer are washed into streams, rivers and groundwater - These substances can occur in drinking water if the water is not treated - DDT was found even in mountain lakes high above agricultural zones (rain water)

- Heavy Metals

Organic Contaminations - Agriculture - Suspended Solids and Turbidity

The Solution: Most agricultural chemicals are organic and can be removed with activated carbon


Organic Contaminations

Back to content

Water Contamination •

Microorganisms - Protozoa - Bacteria - Viruses

Suspended Solids and Turbidity

- Turbidity is caused by undissolved particles called suspended solids - These normally harmless sediments serve as nutrients for microorganisms

Inorganic Contaminations - Heavy Metals

Organic Contaminations - Agriculture - Suspended Solids and Turbidity

The Solution: Usually is not a health problem but they prevent effective disinfection of the water Therefore chemical disinfectant should only be used in clear water Turbid water must be filtered first


Water Treatment Technologies

Back to content

Water Treatment Technologies • •

Boiling Disinfection - Chlorine - Iodine - Silver

Microfiltration - Ceramic - Glass Fibre

Adsorption (Activated Carbon)

Boiling

• One of the oldest and most effective methods for sterilising water. But it

requires sufficient time and energy in the form of wood, fuel or electricity • Boiling only eliminates micro-organisms • At sea level water needs approx. 5 minutes to boil; at 4’000 meters above sea level water must boil at least for 20 minutes


Water Treatment Technologies

Back to content

Water Treatment Technologies • •

Boiling Disinfection - Chlorine - Iodine - Silver

Microfiltration - Ceramic - Glass Fibre

Adsorption (Activated Carbon)

Disinfection

• Disinfectants kill microorganisms and therefore prevent the transmission

of pathogens • Disinfectants can be used in clear water only. Chlorine, iodine and silver are travel-suited products


Disinfection

Back to content

Water Treatment Technologies • •

Boiling Disinfection - Chlorine - Iodine - Silver

Microfiltration - Ceramic - Glass Fibre

Adsorption (Activated Carbon)

Chlorine

- Chlorine is the most commonly used substance for water treatment worldwide - Chlorine is a fast disinfectant which is effective against a broad spectrum of microorganism (salmonella, cholera, hepatitis A, polio, giardia, amoebas, etc.) - Chlorine has no long-term effect - Water treated with chlorine alone is not suitable for conservation


Disinfection

Back to content

Water Treatment Technologies • •

Boiling Disinfection - Chlorine - Iodine - Silver

Microfiltration - Ceramic - Glass Fibre

Adsorption (Activated Carbon)

Iodine

- Iodine (a halogen) was first used by the British and US militaries. It is mainly available in Anglophone areas in form of tablets - A significant disadvantage is that iodine leaves the water with an unpleasant taste. This can be removed with an activated carbon post-filtration. - Using iodine long-term can lead to a strong thyroid hyperactivity


Disinfection

Back to content

Water Treatment Technologies • •

Boiling Disinfection - Chlorine - Iodine - Silver

Microfiltration - Ceramic - Glass Fibre

Adsorption (Activated Carbon)

Silver

- Silver (or silver salt) is one of the oldest methods to inactivate bacteria - Silver acts slowly but has the advantage of a very good long term effect and it prevents recontamination for up to 6 month - Products based on silver are very good for storing water in caravans, on boats and for civil defense


Water Treatment Technologies

Back to content

Water Treatment Technologies • •

Boiling Disinfection - Chlorine - Iodine - Silver

Microfiltration - Ceramic - Glass Fibre

Adsorption (Activated Carbon)

Microfiltration

• Micro filters mechanically remove bacteria

and protozoa from water. (Chemical treatment destroys germs but they remain in the water)


Microfiltration

Back to content

Water Treatment Technologies • •

Boiling Disinfection - Chlorine - Iodine - Silver

Microfiltration - Ceramic - Glass Fibre

Adsorption (Activated Carbon)

Ceramic

- Ceramic filters have a micro porous structure and filter out pathogenic bacteria, protozoa and particles - Katadyn ceramic are impregnated with silver which delays the growth of bacteria - Katadyn ceramic filter pore size is 0.2 micron (0.0002 mm). Bacteria range in size from 0.2 to 5 micron and, like protozoa (1 - 15micron), are efficiently filtered out - Ceramic filters are easily cleaned, mechanically regenerated and the filter capacity is measurable


Microfiltration

Back to content

Water Treatment Technologies • •

Boiling Disinfection - Chlorine - Iodine - Silver

Microfiltration - Ceramic - Glass Fibre

Adsorption (Activated Carbon)

Glassfiber

- Superfine glassfiber, within two supporting layers, forms a depth filter. A nominal pore size of 0.3 micron mechanically filters bacteria and protozoa - The flexible glassfiber pleated design results in an extremely large surface area (less cleaning). - Very high capacity to absorb dirt


Water Treatment Technologies

Back to content

Water Treatment Technologies • •

Boiling Disinfection - Chlorine - Iodine - Silver

Microfiltration - Ceramic - Glass Fibre

Adsorption (Activated Carbon)

Absorption: Activated Carbon

• Activated carbon reduces harmful organic

and inorganic substances in the water • It removes unpleasant tastes, odours, chlorine, pesticides (lindane, DDT) and trihalomethanes (THMs). These substances adhere to the large surface area of the activated carbon • Available in block, granular or powdered form


Back to content

Water Treatment When Travelling

Necessity of a Drinking Water System

Realistically, sometimes drinking directly from a water source doesn’t make one sick. However, one never knows what’s in the water at any given moment. A pristine stream may be pure one day and contaminated the next. It all depends what’s happening upstream: • Microorganisms are spread from rain and runoff. Any stream can be contaminated no matter how clear it looks. • Experts always say – treat water any time people or animals may have been upstream (i.e. nearly 100% of the time). • A high mountain stream or pond is no guarantee that you won’t get sick. Animals live and defecate in the area. It’s their water source too.

The Conclusion: Since you never know what’s in the water, it makes sense to always treat water before you drink. A water system is a small investment to protect your health. Cheap health insurance.


Water Treatment When Travelling

Back to content

Difference between Filter and Purifier

• Filter: Giardia/Crypto pumps. Includes bottles filters and straws that only remove Giardia or Crypto. Most

companies stopped making these back in the 1990s. Some are still sold for tap water.

• Microfilter: Includes most pump filters on the market. All common brands remove protozoa and bacteria.

Main difference is ease of use, weight, etc.

• Purifier: Remove and/or inactivate protozoa (Giardia, Crypto), bacteria and also viruses.

The Conclusion: Microfilters are the norm for backpacking and travelling. Katadyn microfilters all remove protozoa and bacteria. Combined with Micropur Forte for virus removal they act as a purifier with a 30 minute wait time. The Katadyn Bottle is the only EPA-registered (U.S. Environment Protection Agency) purifier.


Back to content

Water Treatment When Travelling

When to use a Microfilter or Purifier

To settle for one or the other, first the water source and the sensitivity of the individual must be considered. Viruses mainly get into the water through humans and are common near habitation where the sewage goes into the drinking water. Microfilter – work perfectly … • … in remote wilderness seldom visited by people • … for the treatment of tap water of hotels or public fountains • … as a purifier if combined with Micropur Forte

Purifier – preferred choice … • … in highly populated areas and in developing countries with bad sanitary conditions


Water Treatment When Travelling

Back to content

Risk of Infection depending on Water Source • Above vegetation limit: Lowest risk of infection

The risk is much less, as there are fewer germs. At this altitude, the streams flow directly from the sources.

• Vegetation limit: Medium risk of infection

Intensive farming increases the level of bacteria and protozoa contamination in natural waters.

• Habitation limit: Highest level of contamination

Insufficient treatment of sewage in inhabited areas of developing countries and in fast growing urban areas make the drinking water unsafe.


Water Treatment When Travelling

Back to content

Contamination of Water Source • Nutrients

In the muddy bottom, bacteria will quickly multiply thanks to an excellent supply of nutrients. If possible, do not put the inlet filter into the mud when pumping.

• Different Water Temperatures

Elevated temperatures promote the growth of bacteria. In standing and slow-moving waters, it is warmer on the surface. Deeper waters are not as contaminated.

• Concentration of germs

Quick-flowing waters are less contaminated since the water is more turbulent and is always being diluted. However disturbed sand may clog the filter.


Back to content

Water Treatment When Travelling

Katadyn Products are trustworthy

• All our water treatment products are made and tested in Switzerland to satisfy

the most rigorous quality standards. They have been tested and approved by leading institutes. • The Katadyn Microfilters meet industry standards for reduction of bacteria (99.9999%* Klebsiella terrigena) and protozoan cysts (99.9%* Giardia and Cryptosporidium). • Numerous armed forces and relief organizations around the world trust our products for survival and life-saving. * According to U.S. Environment Protection Agency (EPA) Guide Standard 99.9999% removal of bacteria = 6-log reduction 99.9% removal of protozoa (preferable Crypto) = 3-log reduction


Back to content

Endurance Series Backcountry Series • Expeditions, camps and professional • Camping, trekking and backpacking. use. Ultimate reliability and durability Great for all-around use • Perfect for 1 - 4 persons. Also for • Perfect for 1 - 2 persons. For clear and extremely turbid water. Very high filter slightly turbid water. From huts to camp capacity and product life grounds. • Kind of travel: Expeditions, globe-trotters, • Kind of travel: Long-haul journeys, culture long-haul journeys and adventure trips. • Products: Katadyn Pocket, Katadyn • Products: Katadyn Vario, Katadyn Hiker Combi, Katadyn Camp, Katadyn Drip, Katadyn Expedition

Travel Preparation I

Ultralight Series • Weekend trips, day excursions and travel. Light solo use • Perfect for one person. For clear water. In the outdoors or at hotels • Kind of travel: For leisure and short trips, city trips • Products: Katadyn Mini, Katadyn MyBottle Purifier, Micropur Classic, Micropur Forte, Micropur Antichlorine


Travel Preparation II

Back to content

The category system by Katadyn

Katadyn products are separated into three categories to make it easy to choose the right Katadyn product for your needs:

Endurance Series

Backcountry Series

Ultralight Series Short filter demo


Back to content

Katadyn Pocket

Product overview

Katadyn Pocket

Endurance Serie

The most rugged, longest lasting microfilter available - Exclusive silver impregnated ceramic cartridge - Proven in challenging conditions worldwide - Removes Bacteria, Giardia und Cryptosporidium Product Specifications: Technology: Output: Cartridge Capacity: Weight: Size:

0.2 micron ceramic depth filter approx. 1 l/min up to 50´000 l depending on water quality ca. 550 g 24 cm x Ă˜ 6 cm

Product video


Back to content

Product overview

Katadyn Combi

Endurance Serie

Katadyn Combi

The multi-functional microfilter - The only portable outdoor water filter that converts for RVs and emergency or temporary use in homes - Exclusive silver impregnated ceramic cartridge - Replaceable activated carbon reduces chemicals in water - Removes Bacteria, Giardia and Cryptosporidium Product Specifications: Technology: 0.2 micron ceramic depth filter and activated carbon Output: approx. 1 l/min Cartridge Capacity: Ceramic: up to 50’000 l depending on water quality, activated carbon: up to 400 l (2 fillings) Weight: approx. 580 g Size: 27 cm x Ă˜ 6 cm

Product video


Back to content

Katadyn Camp

Product overview

Endurance Serie

Katadyn Camp

The practical water filter - Simple gravity system is ideal for families and scouts - Exclusive silver impregnated ceramic cartridge - Siphon filter inside a 10 l water bag for large amounts of water - Removes Bacteria, Giardia and Cryptosporidium Product Specifications: Technology: Output: Cartridge Capacity: Weight: Size: Hose Length:

0.2 micron ceramic depth filter approx. 5 l/min up to 20’000 l depending on water quality approx. 620 g 19 cm x Ă˜ 10 cm 2m


Back to content

Product overview

Katadyn Drip for NGOs

Endurance Serie

Katadyn Drip

Water container with built-in ceramic filters - Ideal for groups, camps and cabins - Exclusive silver impregnated ceramic cartridge - Storage container for 10 litres filtered water - Removes Bacteria, Giardia and Cryptosporidium - Available with 3 ceramic filters for maximum capacity (Drip Ceradyn) - Available with 3 ceramic/carbon filters for additional chemical reduction and improvement of taste (Drip Gravidyn) Product Specifications: Technology: 0.2 micron ceramic depth filter / plus activated carbon (Drip Gravidyn) Output: approx. 4 l/min Cartridge Capacity: up to 150’000 l depending on water quality (Drip Ceradyn) or up to 6 month (Drip Gravidyn) Weight: approx. 3.3 kg (Drip Ceradyn) / approx. 3 kg (Drip Gravidyn) Size: 25 x 45 cm

Katadyn Drip


Back to content

Product overview

Endurance Serie

Katadyn Expedition

The indestructible high performance filter - Ideal for outfitters, base camps and expeditions - Exclusive silver impregnated ceramic cartridge - Durable stainless steel design - Removes Bacteria, Giardia and Cryptosporidium Product Specifications: Technology: 0.2 micron ceramic depth filter Output: approx. 4 l/min Cartridge Capacity: Ceramic: up to 100’000 l depending on water quality Weight: approx. 5.2 kg Size: 58 cm x 20 cm

Katadyn Expedition


Back to content

Katadyn Vario

Product overview

Backcountry Serie

Katadyn Vario

The intelligent microfilter - Multi-Stage Filtration System – adjustable to “Longer Life” or “Faster Flow” - Turbo pump easily delivers up to 2 litres drinking water per minute - Replaceable Carbon Core – reduces chemicals and bad tastes - The New Generation Product Specifications: Technology: Output: Capacity: Weight: Size:

Cleanable ceramic disc, 0.3 micron pleated glassfiber microfilter up to 2 l/min Up to 2’000 l depending on water quality approx. 425 g 16 cm x Ø 10 cm Product video


Back to content

Katadyn Hiker

Product overview

Backcountry Serie

Katadyn Hiker

The convenient and effective microfilter - Lightweight backpacking water microfilter - Removes Bacteria, Giardia and Cryptosporidium - Easy operation – high water output - Best selling microfilter

Product Specifications: Technology: Output: Cartridge Capacity: Weight: Size: Includes:

AntiClogTM Technology with 0.3 micron glassfiber and activated carbon granulate approx. 1 l/min Up to 750 l depending on water quality approx. 310 g 7.6 x 16.5 x 6.1 cm Prefilter, bottle adapter and carry bag Product video


Back to content

Katadyn Mini

Product overview

Ultralight Serie

Katadyn Mini

The most compact water filter - The lightest, most compact filter on the market - Ideal for travelling and day hiking - Exclusive silver impregnated ceramic cartridge - Removes Bacteria, Giardia and Cryptosporidium

Product Specifications: Technology: Output: Capacity: Weight: Size:

0.2 Micron ceramic depth filter approx. 0.5 l/min up to 7'000 l depending on water quality approx. 210 g 8 x 18 x 5 cm


Back to content

Katadyn MyBottle Purifier

Product overview

Ultralight Serie

Katadyn MyBottle Purifier

The ingenious water bottle with a virus filter - No need for pumping, filters while drinking - 3-Layer ViruPur filter medium adsorbs viruses and the smallest particles - Fiberglass pre-filter removes bacteria, protozoa and particles >0.3 micron - Carbon filter eliminates odors and improves taste - Cartridge Life Counter indicates when to replace filter - Also available as trendy drinking bottle without filter Product Specifications: Technology: Output: Cartridge Capacity: Weight: Size: Bottle Capacity:

ViruPur glassfiber filter with depth filtration, activated carbon approx. 0.2 l/min up to 100 fillings approx. 260 g 26.5 x Ă˜ 8 cm 560 ml


Back to content

Katadyn Micropur Classic

Product overview

Micropur Series

Katadyn Micropur Classic

Simple and safe - Inactivates bacteria in water tanks and containers - Silver ions preserve water for up to 6 month - Fresh tasting water - no unpleasant taste - no chlorine - Available in tablets, powder or liquid - Use in combination with a filter in turbid water Product Specifications: Technology: Contact Time: Form: Shelf life : Application:

Silver ions 2h Tablets, powder or liquid Tablets and powder: 10 years, liquid: 5 years For all water containers or tanks in boats & caravans


Back to content

Katadyn Micropur Forte

Product overview

Micropur Series

Katadyn Micropur Forte

Fast and effective water disinfection - Disinfects clear water and destroys bacteria, amoebas and viruses - Preserves water for up to 6 months by using silver ions - Effective in 30 minutes - Available in tablets, powder or liquid - Use in combination with a filter in turbid water Product Specifications: Technology: Contact Time: Form: Shelf life : Application:

Silver ions 2h Tablets, powder or liquid Tablets and powder: 10 years, liquid: 5 years For all water containers or tanks in boats & caravans


Back to content

Katadyn Micropur Antichlorine

Product overview

Micropur Series

Katadyn Micropur Antichlorine

Restores the natural taste of drinking water - Eliminates the taste of chlorine (transforms chlorine into table salt) - Use as a final step of Micropur Forte - Also suitable for preparing drinks with tap water - Available as liquid and easy to dose Product Specifications: Technology: Contact Time: Form: Shelf life : Application:

Sodium thiosulphate 3 min Liquid 5 years For water with chlorine taste


Back to content

Katadyn desalinators • Definition

• General Description of Operation • Katadyn Desalinators • Kits

• Production and Quality Tests • Energy Recovery

Katadyn Desalinators


Back to content

Back to content desalinators

Definition • FEED

Katadyn Desalinators

Water input, salt water • CONCENTRATE/REJECT Waste water • PERMEATE Desalinated water, pure water • SALT REJECTION Description of the amount of salt that does not go through the membrane in percentage R=1-CPermeat/CFeed • FLUX Permeat throughput related to the membrane area [l/m2h] • OSMOTIC PRESSURE Sum of the concentrations multiplied with the temperature and the gas contante [Deltaπ] • BIOCIDE Chemical used to conservate the membrane if it will be stored for a longer time period • SEMIPERMEABLE semipermeable • PPM Parts per million=mg/l


Back to content

Back to content desalinators

Illustration of a desalination system on board

General Description of Operation


Back to content

Back to content desalinators

General Description of Operation

Membrane technology PERMEATE

FEED

Concentration (PERMEATE)

Concentration (FEED)

<1000ppm

~35000 ppm REJECT Concentration (REJECT) >35000 ppm


Back to content

General Description of Operation

Back to content desalinators

Osmosis/Reverse Osmosis Osmosis

salt water

water

Osmotic Equilibrium

salt water

water

Diploma thesis A. Schrรถter, Fa. Eisenmann 2000

Reverse Osmosis

salt water

water


Back to content

Katadyn Desalinators

Back to content desalinators

Katadyn Desalinators • Survivor 06 and 35

 manually operated

• PowerSurvivor 40E, 80E and 160E

 12 or 24 Volt motors

• Materials

 stainless steel, plastics

• Membranes

- Survivor 06 - Survivor 35, PowerSurvivor 40E and 80E use identical membranes - PowerSurvivor 160E


Back to content

Katadyn Survivor 06

Back to content desalinators

Desalinator

Katadyn Survivor 06 Editions: LS and LS-1 LL LL-1 LL-3

Commercial Military version U.S. Air Force (black end cap) France

Product Specifications: Rejection rate: ~ 98,4% in average Permeate production: 0,89 l/h at 40 pulls per minute Differences in the membrane housing, the hoses, the end caps and the handles


Back to content

Katadyn Survivor 06

Back to content desalinators

Katadyn Survivor 06 Handle extension

Desalinator

Hoses

Survivor-06-LS/LS-1

End caps

Survivor-06-LL/LL-3


Back to content

Katadyn Survivor 35

Back to content desalinators

Katadyn Survivor 35

Desalinator

Editions: LS LL LL-1 LA-1

Commercial Military version U.S. Navy Air Force

Product Specifications: Rejection rate: ~ 98,4% in average Permeate production: 4,5 l/h at approx. 30 pulls per minute Differences in the housing (hose nipple), the hoses, the handles and the packaging


Back to content

Katadyn Survivor 35

Back to content desalinators

Katadyn Survivor 35

Packaging

Desalinator

Handle metal or black

„Pre-filter“

Survivor-35-LL/LS

Membrane label

Survivor-35-LA-1

„Pre-filter“


Back to content

Katadyn PowerSurvivor 40E

Back to content desalinators

Katadyn PowerSurvivor 40E

Motor Reject

Desalinator

Pressure relief valve

Pump housing

Membrane housing

Product Specifications: Rejection rate: ~ 98,4% in average Permeate production: 5,7 l/h Pre-treatment of the feed using a 30 micron filter element

Permeate Output


Back to content

Katadyn PowerSurvivor 80E

Back to content desalinators

Katadyn PowerSurvivor 80E Pump housing

Desalinator

Motor

Feed Membrane housing

Product Specifications: Rejection rate: ~ 98,4% in average Permeate production: 12,9 l/h Pre-treatment of the feed using a 30 micron filter element

Permeate/Concentrate

PowerSurvivor 80E-2 (Modular)


Back to content

Katadyn PowerSurvivor 160E

Back to content desalinators

Katadyn PowerSurvivor 160E Pump housing

Desalinator

Motor

Feed Membrane housing

Product Specifications: Rejection rate: ~ 99,4% (according to the membrane manufacturer) Permeate production: 25,4 l/h Pre-treatment of the feed using a 30 micron filter element

Permeate/Concentrate


Back to content

Back to content desalinators

Silt Reduction Kit

 For 40, 80 and 160 (old PS 35)  Contains a filter housing

 2 filter elements 5 micron  Mounting parts

 Additional pump  Manual

Katadyn Survivor Kits


Back to content

Back to content desalinators

Repair Seal Kit

 For 35, 40, 80 and 160

 Contains seals for the different models  120 ml spare motor oil

 Loctite to fix loose screws

 Tools needed to replace an o-ring  Manual

Katadyn Survivor Kits


Back to content

Back to content desalinators

Extended Cruise Kit

 For 40, 80 and 160 (old PS 35)

 Contains a repair seal kit for the different model  120 ml spare motor oil  6 pre-filter elements  1 biocide

 2 alkaline cleaning agents  1 acid cleaning agent  Manual

Katadyn Survivor Kits


Back to content

Back to content desalinators

Service/Preventative Maintenance Kit  For 40, 80 and 160 (old PS 35)

 Contains a repair seal kit for the different models  Pre-filter housing

 6 pre-filter elements 30 micron, 2 elements 5 micron  1 biocide

 2 alkaline cleaning agents  1 acid cleaning agent  Additional pump  Manual

Katadyn Survivor Kits


Back to content

Production and Quality Tests

Back to content desalinators

Production and quality tests

â&#x20AC;˘ The quality and performance of every product is tested (Pressure and Membrane Test) â&#x20AC;˘ The pressure relief valve is set during the pressure test â&#x20AC;˘ After testing the membranes the whole system is flushed with a biocide solution Motor assembly

Pump assembly

Glueing of membrane housing

Pressure test pump/membrane housing Assembly pump/ membrane housing and motor Membrane test/final test

Packaging


Back to content

Back to content desalinators

Energy Recovery

Energy Recovery


Back to content

Katadyn Drip

Endurance Serie

Katadyn Drip â&#x20AC;&#x201C; NGO References Worldwide

Katadyn water systems have been relied upon by Relief Agencies in challenging environments for over 50 years (inkl. the International Red Cross, World Health Organization, various missionary groups, etc.). One of the most important aspects of any relief effort is to remain healthy so you can accomplish what you set out to do. Since most relief efforts are conducted in areas with questionable water, it makes sense to protect yourself and your group from waterborne illnesses. The Katadyn Drip Filter works well for these purposes. Test NATO Registered Products

Katadyn Drip for NGOs


Back to content

Katadyn Drip

Katadyn Drip â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Project Senegal

Endurance Serie

Safe drinking water for the children of Senegal Katadyn filters are for example being used in the region of Fimela, Senegal. They reduce the dangers of contracting diarrhea from contaminated water by almost two-thirds. Project film

Katadyn Drip for NGOs


Back to content

Katadyn Drip

Field study – Katadyn Ceramic, Bolivia Safe drinking water in Charinco, Bolivia

Endurance Serie

• Small village at 2´700 m with 360 inhabitants • No sanitary installations available

• Rain season (December – March)

• Water from open drenches and ponds • Duration of the study: 6 months

Water quality • Turbidity: 8 to 100 NTU • Faecal bacteria: 488 to 4220/100 ml

Katadyn Drip for NGOs


Back to content

Katadyn Drip

Katadyn Drip for NGOs

Field study – Katadyn Ceramic, Bolivia (Results)

Endurance Serie

• 99.9% reduction of faecal bacteria in the drinking water = 100 % in line with WHO guide line of 0 faecal

bacteria/100 ml • 72 % reduction of diarrhoeal infections with children < 5 years old • 64 % reduction of diarrhoeal infections among all age groups • 76.6 % reduction of turbidity

Conclusion: The system produces safe drinking water and meets the WHO guide line of 0 fecal bacteria per 100 ml. The closed off lower container allowed safe storage of the filtered water. Good acceptance with the population in parts because the water looked so much cleaner.


Inhaltsverzeichnis

Katadyn Drip

Katadyn Drip for NGOs

Katadyn Drip â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Relief Project in Chiapas/Mexico

Endurance Series

Drip filters used to combat blindness and diarrhea

In the small community of Oxchuc, in the Chiapas region in Mexico, over 150 families now enjoy fresh drinking water every day thanks to the Katadyn Drip Filters. This is an important step in the right direction for the Mexican families because the much-feared Trachoma bacterium can no longer enter the human body through polluted drinking water. The bacterium is responsible for the blindness of many villagers and has caused a lot of suffering over the past years. Project report


Inhaltsverzeichnis

Katadyn Drip

Katadyn Drip for NGOs

Katadyn Drip â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Relief Project in Thailand

Endurance Series

Drip filter used to combat diarrhea

The Rotary District 2000/Switzerland has, in collaboration with the Thai Rotary Clubs of Taksin Pattaya, Eastern Seaboard and Thong Pha Phum, launched two pilot projects with ceramic gravity drip filters supplied by Katadyn. 2 villages which get their water from heavily polluted sources were given Drip Filters. About 2 months after starting to use the filters, the instances of diarrhea had practically disappeared and the health of the population improved substantially. Project report


Back to content

Katadyn Drip

Katadyn Drip for NGOs

Endurance Serie

Katadyn Ceramic

Advantage of high-tech ceramic • Ceramic filters can be used regardless of the water quality (in particular high turbidity and all ph-levels). • They can be quickly distributed as they are easy to transport and have no shelf life • Simple to maintain, needs only minimal instruction and requires no change of habits • Configuration allows safe storage of filtered water • Visible improvement of the water quality (clear water) Ceramic filters are therefore especially suited for emergency relieve and flooding events


Back to content

Katadyn Drip

Endurance Serie

Katadyn Ceramic

Katadyn Drip for NGOs

Disadvantage of high-tech ceramic â&#x20AC;˘ Local production of high-tech ceramic is difficult due to the variation in quality and the high investments in needed machinery â&#x20AC;˘ Financial partners to sponsor the costs of the ceramic are required


Endurance Serie

Back to content

Katadyn Drip for NGOs

Katadyn Drip

Method

Result

High-tech ceramic

Reliable microbiological treatment. Low education and training needs. Promotes hygienic handling of water (closed container). Suitable for sustainable development projects with local production of containers.

Locally made ceramic

Good idea but not (yet) ready for implementation. The users believe wrongly that their water is safe because it looks clear after the filter. But not enough germs will have been removed.

Solar disinfection (temperature Easiest and most inexpensive microbiological water treatment method. Suitable for regions with and UV-A radiation) 3000 sunshine hours per year and where other projects can not be financed. A lot of instruction and support needed to use the product properly.


Drinking Water When Travelling