Page 1

34567 59   ) 6>56

D

˙ ) ˙) ˚ )

ı ˙) ˚ )

6P< )

S bS /\`\3Sj \3SY /*`\Y jWp+dH  ı  7 ˙ ı ıB <;E ;9

=P59 )

1 \]daV*y `dVE V\WS d jWp+T ,SZSV*pbn ]`\+W1YS  ı  < ˙ ı ıB 7:E :=

5:P66 )

\VW*/*yaq Z* -\,dE \-* wh*aT, T ]T`x  ı  5; ˙ ı ıB 55:E 579

67P6= )

S bS ,T/\+`*3*2j aW*,d -\,SH  ı  67 ˙ ı ıB =7E <=


34567

  Ë&#x2122; ÄąB Z* ab\qZgT ,*Zb*3ZSf *,b\Y\+TWT, d dWd4T L`*ZgTqM ]\/`d33q ]T\Z1`T, a,T/hSbn ,\/TqYD #\/Zq h1`14 g1  YTab\ ]`\^3/3*2 ]\Z*/ 5<>> ,*Zb*3T,\V  4 `T4ZSf 2,`\]1yanVSf V`*^ZD

MAY 15, 2012

Vol. 133, No. 10 Semimonthly UKRAINIAN

 Ë&#x161; w   Äą "x ]\Wq-*2 , b\YdE k\+ ]`\aW*,WqbS \-* -\,d qV 1`f\,Z\-\ `*,Sb1Wq a1a,TbdD \/T+Z\ qV 4 ,*`b\,Sf +*jb d /*,ZSZd +dW\ /\+`1 ,S/Z\E k\ ,T/+d,*2bnaq ,/*W1hSZTE Z* ab\`TZV*f gn\-\ 3d`Z*Wd ]`\ab13d2bnaq `\4,Sb\V a,Tb\,Sf ]\/Ty d a,TbWT +T+WTyZSf ]`\`\gb,D w*`b\,* +*jb*x ]\bTj*2 Wp/1y /\+`\p Z\,SZ\p ]`\ b1E k\ \31 *`ab,\ P ,ab*Z\,W1ZSy d Z1+T d`q/ P Z14*+*`\Y ]\VW*/1 V`*y dan\Yd 4Wd T ]1`1YTZSbn 41YWp Z* `*yD *a\]Sa 4YTgZp2 ,T`d , Äąada* `Sab*E qVSy ]\Y1`E k\+ YS Y\-WS \b`SY*bS ,ThZ1 3SbbqE  T qVSy b1]1` ab\^bn Z* h\WT \3\-\ *`ab,*D ,T/VS -\,S +14]1`1`,Z\ ,S/*pbn g1y 3d`Z*W 4 5<;= `\VdD TZ 2 ]\WTbShZ\ Z1yb`*WnZSY  T ĹĄ`dZbd2bnaq Z* T+WT^D

 1 /Wq ]`\/*3dD S/*ZZq w*`b\,\^  +*jbSx 2 h*abSZ\p ,a1a,TbZn\^ ]`\-`*YS  +T+WTyZ\^ \a,TbSE qV* ]T/b`SYd2bnaq /\+O `\,TWnZSYS ]\31`b,*YSD `S gSbd,*ZZT ,`1yanVSf Sa*Zn ,SV\`Sab\,d2bnaq ]1O `1VW*/ -T2ZV* L,S/*ZZq 6>>6 `\VdE ZdY1`*gTq a*WYT, 4-T/Z\ 4 ,S/*ZZqY 5==> `\VdME * `1gnVSf Sa*Zn P w`SaO bSqZanVT `1gnVT Sa*ZZqD 1`1VW*/ Z\,\-\ a,TbdxD ÄąZjT /31`1W* gSb*bB dWDP ,qb1 SanY\E ]1`1VW*/ dWTj*C  P w 1`1VW*/ Z\,\-\ a,Tbd ,qb\-\ SanY*x L4 ]`SYTbV*YSE *Z-WDMC \YDP ,qb1 SanY\E ]1`1VW*/ \Y1ZV*D

The Watchtower (ISSN 0043-1087) is published semimonthly by Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, Inc.; M. H. Larson, President; G. F. Simonis, Secretary-Treasurer; 25 Columbia Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11201-2483. Druck und Verlag: Wachtturm BibelO und TraktatGesellschaft der Zeugen Jehovas, e. V.E SeltersNTaunus. Verantwortliche Redaktion: Ramon Templeton, Selters/ Taunus. 5 2012 Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania. aT ]`*,* 4+1`T-*pbnaqD Printed in Germany

 Äą)

 Ë&#x161; Ë&#x161;)

:6 ;<; >>> Äą &Äą& Äą Äą

56> 5;6 Äą &Äą& Äą Ë&#x161;Äą Ë&#x203A;  Äą 9  Äą

4`\aW* Z* 55=Ă˝

Ë&#x161; Ë&#x161;â&#x20AC;˘ Ë&#x2122;)  Ë&#x161;)

 Ë?   Ë&#x161;Äą

 Äą Ë&#x2122; ) Ë&#x161;) 5E 6

57 ) Ë&#x161; Ë&#x2122;Äą&  ĹĹ  Äą Äą Ë&#x161;Ë&#x161;

 Äą 7 P56

T ab*bbT ]\V*4dpbnE Z*aVTWnVS Yd/`\ 4*ab\a\,d,*bS \3T ]\`*/S k\/\ ]\O /`d3Zn\-\ 3SbbqD b*bbT /\]\Y\3dbn Z*Y -WS+j1 gTZd,*bS jWp+E /*` ,T/ -\,SD S ]\+*hSY\E h\Yd Z1 aWT/ \]daV*bS `dVSE V\WS , jWp+T ,SZSV*pbn ]`\+W1YSE * b*V\3 4Z*y/1Y\ +T+WTyZT ]\`*/SE qVT a]`Sqpbn aTY1yZ\Yd k*abpD

 ) Ë&#x2122; ) Ë&#x161;) 7

 Äą 5;P65

q ab*bbq ]\qaZp2E h\Yd -\,d Y\3Z* ,,*3*bS \a]\/*`1Y h*adD \4-WqZd,O  jS ^^E YS 4YTgZSY\ a,\p ,T`d , \-* T y\-\ W\,\E T+WTpD `TY b\-\E ab*bbq ]\aSWSbn Z*j1 +*3*ZZq Yd/`\ ,SV\O `Sab\,d,*bS h*aE ]\VS YS b1`]1WS,\ h1V*2Y\ a]*aTZZq ,T/ -\,SD

 ) Ë&#x2122; ) Ë&#x161;) 8

 Äą 67P6;

\h* YS Z1/\aV\Z*WTE YS Wp+SY\ -\,d T f\h1Y\ y\-\ Z*aWT/d,*bSD q ab*bbq ]\V*31E qV Z*Y /\-\/3*bS \-d T ,T/O /41`V*Wp,*bS y\-\ aW*,d LË&#x161;eD 9B5MD S /T4Z*2Y\anE qV 4*,3/S ]`\aW*,WqbS -\,dD

66 Ë&#x203A;   )   Äą

6< w Ë&#x161;Äą â&#x20AC;˘Ë&#x161;)    Ë&#x161;â&#x20AC;˘& Äą Ë&#x203A;   x

75 Ë&#x203A;  "  Äą 


   ˙˝"  ˝ ˙  " ( H w1f*y \a]\/n /*abn ,*YEP T ,S 4Z*y/1b1 ,T/]\hSZ\V V\3Z* , /\YT a,\-\ Yd3* x L

5B=MD

)  ı˙ ı

H

\Yd Y\3Z* aV*4*bSE k\ \3T aWd3Sb1WT /*,ZSZS j*Zd,*WS /*` jWp+dH

 ˚ b1]1` ,\Z* P VTabn ,T/ V\ab1y Y\^fE T bTO W\ ,T/ bTW* Y\-\D \Z* h\W\,TV\,\p +d/1 4,*bSaqE +\ ,4qb* ,\Z* 4 h\W\,TV*x LdbD 6B67MD )V 31 ]\1bShZ\ ,SaW\,S,aq /*YI TZ /dO 31 4`*/T,E k\ \- ]\/*`d,*, y\Yd /`d3SZdD *O ,T,jS Z* /*Y* YTgZSy a\ZE -\,* ,4q, y\-\ `1+`\ T ab,\`S, ]`1V`*aZd 3TZVdD ˛-\/\Y /*Y   Z*4,*, ^ ^ ,\pD \- \+G2/Z*, ^f d k*aWS,\Yd jWp+TD aVTWnVS ,* +dW* ab,\`1Z* 4 `1+`* /*O Y*E ,\ZS +dWS +WS3hSYS \/Z1 \/Z\YdE ZT3 +d/nO qV1 ]\/`d33q an\-\/ZTD 6 -\,*E \- Z14`T,ZqZZ\^ Yd/`\abTE 4*VW*, d Z*a 4/*bZTabn ,T/hd,*bS V\f*ZZq P ]\hdbbq  a1`/1hZ\^ ]`SfSWnZ\abTE qV1 4+WS3d2 h\W\,TV* T 3TZVdD )V 4*4Z*h*2 1ZgSVW\]1/Tq w \`W/ +dVxE w\/`d3dphSanE h\W\,TV T 3TZV* a]\/T,*pbnaqE k\  ^fZ2 V\f*ZZqE qV1 ,S`*3*2bnaq 4\V`1Y* , ab*O b1,Sf ab\adZV*fE b`S,*bSY1 ,ThZ\xD SWd gn\O -\ ]\hdbbq ,T/hd,*W\ Z* a\+T +*-*b\ aWd3Sb1WT, -\,SD

w

˛,T/VS YS 4Z*2Y\E k\ /Wq -\,S Y*2 4Z*h1ZZqE fb\ ab*Z1  b,\^Y \+`*Zg1YH

)VT +T+WTyZT ]`SZgS]S k\/\ jWp+d bS ]W*Zd2j 4*ab\ad,*bSH

 ı

˙  " ( 7

,`**YE ,T`ZSy aWd3Sb1Wn \-*E 4 -WS+\O V\p ]\j*Z\p ab*,S,aq /\ jWp+dD \Yd ,TZ ,T/O  ]`*,S, ab*`j\-\ aWd-d *3 /\ 1a\]\b*YT^E k\+ b\y 4Z*yj\, /`d3SZd /Wq y\-\ aSZ* ıa*V*D WdO -* ]`\aS, /\]\Y\-S , -\,SE T \- ,T/]\,T, Z* y\-\ Y\WSb,dD \-\+\q4WS,* 1,1V* ab*W* V\f*O Z\p /`d3SZ\p ıa*V* T ,T/T-`*W* \a\+WS,d `\Wn d Z*YT`T -\,S k\/\ ,`**Y\,\-\ Z*aTZZq LdbD 66B5<C 68B56P58E :;MD Z*j h*a +TWnjTabn Wp/1y 5D )VT ]\hdbbq ]1`1]\,Zp,*WS /*Y*E V\WS \- ]\/*O `d,*, y\Yd /`d3SZdH 6D \Yd YT3 h\W\,TV\Y T 3TZV\p 4*`\/3d2bnaq V\f*ZZqH 7D )V ıa*V 4Z*yj\, a\+T /`d3SZdH

7


a*YT \+S`*pbn a\+T jWp+Z\-\ ]*`bO Z1`*D ˙1fb\ 4 /\+`Sf a]\ZdV Z*O Y*-*2bnaq /\]\Y*-*bS TZjSY 4Z*ybS ]*`dD W1 gn\-\ Z1 aWT/ `\+SbSE qVO k\ Z*a ]`\ g1 Z1 ]`\aqbnD ˛,Sh*yO Z\E ZSZT jWp+S Z1 dVW*/*pbnaq Z* Z1+1a*fD  ,bTYE \- /*2 f`SabSqZ*Y V1`T,ZSgb,\ , gTy b* TZjSf ae1`*f 3SbbqE V\WS ,\ZS Y\Wqbnaq /\ Zn\O -\ T ]T/V\`qpbnaq \3\Yd /dfd L*WD 9B5<E 69MD 8 `\/WS,* dW*YTbV*E qV* 3SW*  , ab*`\/*,Zn\Yd ı4`* ^WTE ]`\aSW* TZO  jSf Z1 4Ydjd,*bS ^ ^ ab*bS \/ZTO 2p 4 hSaW1ZZSf /`d3SZ g*`q \W\O Y\Z*D \Z* ]`\Y\,WqW*B w˛*VWSZ*p q ,*aE /\hVS 2`da*WSYanVTE -*41WqYS hS ]\Wn\,SYS \W1ZqYSE k\+ ,S Z1 a]\W\f*WSE k\+ Z1 4+d/SWS V\f*ZZqE *3 /\VS y\Yd /\ ,]\/\+Sx LTaZq 7B9MD dW*YTbV* V\f*W* ]`\ab\-\ ]*abdf*D \Z* aYS`1ZZ\ y\Yd aV*4*W*B w) WSO j1 V,TbV* ]\Wn\,* 4 "*`\ZdE WTWTqE k\ g,Tb1 , /\WSZTx LTaZq 6B5E MD  ,TZ ,T/]\,T,B w)V WTW1q YT3 b1`1Z\YE b*V ]\/`d-* Y\q ]\YT3 /T,*YSx LTaO Zq 6B6MD \ZS ]\Oa]`*,3Zn\Yd V\f*WS \/Z1 \/Z\-\D 9 aVTWnVS dW*YTbV* T ]*abdf ]\O  Z*/ da1 Wp+SWS \-*E ^fZT jWp+ZT d4S Y*WS +dbS /d31 YTgZSYSD ˙T,hSO Z* +W*-*W* a,\-\ V\f*Z\-\B w\VW*O /S bS Y1Z1E qV ]1h*bVd Z* a1`g1 a,\2E qV ]1h*bn Z* `*Y1Z\ a,\2E +\ aSWnZ1 V\f*ZZqE qV aY1`bnE 4*4/`\kT Z1]1`1Y\3ZT Z1Y\, b\y j1\WEP y\-\ 3*` P 3*` \-ZpE ,\Z\ ]\WdYGq \a]\O /* +\ ,TZ 2 y\-\ /31`1W\YI \/S ,1O WSVT Z1 4Y\3dbn 4-*aSbS V\f*ZZqE *ZT `TVS y\-\ Z1 4*WWpbnI \WS + fb\ /*O ,*, 4* V\f*ZZq Y*2b\V d,1an a,\-\ /\O YdE b\ ZSY ]\-\`/SWS + 4\,aTYx LTaZq <B:E ;MD T+* adh*aZT \3T aWd3Sb1WT

Z1 ]\,SZZT +dbS b*VSYS 3 ,T//*ZSYS  a,\^Y ]\/`d3ZTY ]*`bZ1`*YH

8E 9D ˛ h\-\ ,S/Z\E k\ dW*YTbV* T ]*abdf V\f*WS \/Z1 \/Z\-\H

:E ;D ˛,T/VS ,T/\Y\E k\ /Wq \-* Y*2 4Z*O  h1ZZqE fb\ ab*Z1 b,\^Y \+`*Zg1YH

8

 ı• ı   ˛ ˚) ˙ )   :

˙Wq \-* Y*2 Tab\bZ1 4Z*h1ZZqE  fb\ ab*Z1 b,\^Y \+`*Zg1YD /*,ZSZd  \- 4,1WT, T4`* ^WnbqZ*Y ab\a\,Z\ 3SO b1WT, *Z**ZdB w1 a]\`T/Zpyaq 4 ZSO  YSB /\hVS a,\2^ Z1 /*aS y\-\ aSZ\,TE * y\-\ /\hVS Z1 ,T4nY1j /Wq aSZ* a,\O -\E +\ ,TZ ,T/,1`Z1 aSZ* b,\-\ ,T/ 1O Z1E T ,\ZS aWd3SbSYdbn TZjSY +\O -*YEP T 4*]*WSbnaq \a]\/ZTy -ZT, Z* ,*aE T TZ aV\`\ b1+1 ,S-d+Sbnx L\,bD ;B7E 8MD 1`14 VTWnV* ab\WTbn a,qk1O ZSV ˚4/`* ]`\-\W\aS,B wS a]`\Z1O ,T`SWSaqE T ,4qWS hd3SZZSf 3TZ\VE  k\+ ]\+TWnjSbS ı4`* ^W1,d ]`\,SZdx L˚4/D 5>B5>MD ]\ab\W *,W\ 4*4Z*hS,B w˙`d3SZ* 4,Gq4*Z* ,1an h*aE ]\VS 3SO  ,1 ^ ^ h\W\,TVD W1 qVk\ h\W\,TV 4*aZ1 aY1`bZSY aZ\YE ,\Z* Y*2 ]`*,\ ,Sf\O /SbS 4*YT3 4* V\-\ f\h1E bTWnVS , \aO ]\/Tx L5 \`D ;B7=MD ; )Vk\ ]`Sa,qh1ZSy aWd3Sb1Wn -\,S dVW*/*2 jWp+ 4 Z1,T`dph\p \a\+\pE gSY ,TZ ,Sq,Wq2 Z1]\aWdf \O  -\,TD ı4`* ^WnbqZS 4* /ZT, ˚4/`S +dWS Z1,T`ZT -\,TE b\Yd k\ w,4qWS hd3SZO ZSf 3TZ\Vx L˚4/D 5>B5>MD 1 aWT/ ]`SO Y1Zjd,*bS ,*3WS,Tabn hTbVSf +T+WTyO ZSf ]\`*/ k\/\ \/`d31ZZq L6 \`D :B58E 59MD f`1k1ZSy ]\VW\ZZSV \O -*E qVSy \/`d3d2bnaq 4 Z1,T`dph\p Wp/SZ\pE ,Sq,Wq2 +`*V ]\j*ZS /\ \3\-\ /*`d jWp+dD *VSy ,TaZSV Z1 2 4`*4V\,SY T b\Yd Y\31 ,b`*bSO bS /1qVT \+\,Gq4VS , 4+\`TD \`djS,O jS \3d ,V*4T,VdE Z1W\-ThZ\ \hTVd,*O bS +W*-\aW\,1Zn T Y\WSbSanB w-\,\E q a,T/\Y\ Z1 ]\aWdf*,aq b1+1E *W1E , daqV\Yd `*4TE ]\+W*-\aW\,S Y1Z1xD


  Ë&#x2122;   â&#x20AC;¢ #ı   Ë&#x2122;

<

a\+*E V\b`* ,SZ*yjW* ]1,ZSy ]`Sab`TyE Z*yV`*k1 4Z*2E qV ,TZ ]`*O gp2D )Vk\ g1y ]`Sab`Ty ]\b`T+Z\ 4Y\Zbd,*bSE ,S`\+ZSV /\/*2 Z1\+fT/O  ZT TZab`dVgT^D  k\E V\WS YS T-Z\O  `d2Y\ gT TZab`dVgT^ T aVW*/*2Y\ ]`SO ab`Ty qV Z*Y 4*Y*Z1bnaqH *aWT/VS Y\3dbn +dbS b`*-ThZTD \3 qVk\ YS f\h1Y\ ]\+d/d,*bS k*aWS,d aTYGpE b\ YdaSY\ /\b`SYd,*bSaq ,V*4T,\V -\O ,SE qVSy 2 ,\`g1Y ]\/`d33qD = -\,* 4Z*2 ,a1 ]`\ Wp/1y T ]`\ jWp+D TZ ab,\`S, Z*a 4 ]\b`1+\p Y*O bS TZbSYZd +WS4nVTabnE k\+ w]W\/SbSO aq y `\4YZ\3d,*bSaqx LdbD 5B6<MD \/\+`1 `\4dYT2 ]\hdbbq a*Y\bZTf \aT+E +\ ]1`1/ bSYE qV ab,\`SbS ]1`jd 3TZO VdE ,TZ aV*4*,B w1 /\+`1E k\+ +dO bS h\W\,TVd a*Y\bZTYD b,\`p y\Yd ]\YThE ]\/T+Zd /\ Zn\-\x LdbD 6B5<MD

*V\3 -\,* da,T/\YWp2E qVd `*/Tabn Y\3dbn ]`SZ1abS ]\/`d3ZT d4SD L`\O hSb*yb1 `S]\,Tab1y 9B59P5<MD 5> \3Z* Wp/SZ* da]*/Vd,*W* ,T/ /*Y* -`Tf T Z1/\aV\Z*WTabnD \Yd 3\O /1Z jWp+ an\-\/ZT Z1 2 T/1*WnZSYD a1 3 aWd3Sb1WT -\,S Y\3dbn +dO bS k*aWS,SYS , ]\/`d33TE qVk\ /\O b`SYdpbnaq ,V*4T,\V 4 \3\-\ W\O ,*D *]`SVW*/E *]\ab\W *,W\ /*, hTbVd ]\`*/d k\/\ ab*b1,Sf ab\adZO VT, d jWp+TD L`\hSb*yb1 5 \`SZO eqZ ;B5P9MD T+WTq Z1 -\,\`SbnE k\ TZbSYZ* +WS4nVTabn Z1\+fT/Z* bTWnVS /Wq ]`\/\,31ZZq `\/dD *V* +WS4nO VTabn 4*/\,\WnZq2 eT4ShZT y 1Y\O gTyZT ]\b`1+S ]\/`d3ZTf ]*`bZ1`T,D

 ,bTYE \- 4*ad/3d2 ]`\bS]`S`\/ZT ab*b1,T 4Z\aSZSD gTy ,*3WS,Ty ae1O `T a]TWnZ\-\ 3Sbbq f`SabSqZanVT h\O W\,TVS T /`d3SZS Y*pbn ]\,\/SbSaq 4 ZT3ZTabp b* ,Sq,WqbS Wp+\, \/Z1  \/Z\YdD Ë&#x2122;\ b\-\ 3 ^Y aWT/ dZSV*bS +d/nOqVSf /TyE Z1]`SyZqbZSf d \O 3Sf \h*fD 55

"Wp+ ]\,SZ1Z +dbS /31`1W\Y `*/\abTE * Z1 ,*3VSY bq-*`1YD f`SaO  bSqZanVTy aTYG^ Y*2 ]*Zd,*bS YS`  T a]\VTyD `S-*/*yY\ ]\/T^E k\ ab*WSO aq ]`S+WS4Z\ 7>>> `\VT, b\YdD TbZq  ,/\,* \\YT `*4\Y 4T a,\^YS Z1,TabV*O YS `]\p T dbE qVT b13 ,b`*bSWS h\W\,TVT,E yjW* 4 \*,d , p/1yanVSy V`*yD \\YT 4*\f\hd,*W* Y\W\/Sf 55D )VT +W*-\aW\,1ZZq \b`SY*W* db 4* b1E k\ ]T/V\`SW*an ,\WT -\,SH

db gTZd,*W* \3Sy /*` jWp+d

<D \qaZTbnE h\Yd Z*Y aWT/ /\b`SYd,*bSaq \3Sf ,V*4T,\V ab\a\,Z\ jWp+dD =D \Yd YS ,]1,Z1ZTE k\ -\,* `\4dYT2 ]\O hdbbq a*Y\bZTf \aT+ T 4Z*2E qVd `*/Tabn Y\O 31 ]`SZ1abS jWp+H 5>D )VSYS ]`SZgS]*YS aWT/ V1`d,*bSan \/`d31ZSY f`SabSqZ*Y , TZbSYZSf ab\adZO V*fH

59   ) 6>56

9


3TZ\V ]\,1`ZdbSaq /\ a,\-\ Z*`\/dD /Z*V ,T//*Z* -\,T db Z1 ]\VSO ZdW* a,1V`dfdD \*4E ,T`ZSy aWd3SO b1Wn -\,SE 4*]1,ZS, dbB wd/1 Z*O -\`\/* b,\q ]\,Z* ,T/ \a]\/*DDD k\ bS ]`SyjW* af\,*bSaq ]T/ V`SWnYS •\-\Ix Ldb 5B=C 6B56MD dbE qV* j*O Zd,*W* \3Sy /*` jWp+dE 4-\/\Y ,SyjW* 4*YT3 4* gn\-\ ab*`j\-\ h\O W\,TV*D \WS ,\Z* ,\aV`1aZ1 , \3\O Yd Z\,\Yd a,TbT Z* 41YWTE b\E Y*+dbnE /d31 4`*/T2E /\,T/*,jSanE k\ ab*W* ]`*`\/ShV\p ıada* `Sab* L *b,D 5B5E 9E :C dVS 7B67E 76MD T/V\`S,jSan ,\O WT -\,SE db \b`SY*W* `qaZT +W*-\O aW\,1ZZqD

TgZSy jWp+ ]`\aW*,Wq2 -\,d T ]`SZ\aSbn ,1WSV1 k*abq  ,aTY hW1Z*Y aTYG^ ) ˙ ) # ) " (ı 56

-\,*E 4*aZ\,ZSV jWp+dE /*2 Z*Y Z*yV`*kT ]\`*/S k\/\ b\-\E qV /\aq-bS k*abq , ]\/`d33TD TO fb\ 4 Wp/1y Z1 Y*2 b*VSf 4Z*ZnE qV ,TZD •\-\ W\,\E T+WTqE ZTV\WS Z1 ]\YSWq2bnaqD \3E /*phS V\Ydan ]\O `*/S k\/\ aTY1yZ\-\ 3SbbqE 4*,3/S +1`Tbn /\ d,*-S +T+WTyZT ]`SZgS]SD V*3TY\E *]\ab\W *,W\ ]T/ Z*bfZ1ZO ZqY Z*]Sa*,B w1f*y V\31Z 4 ,*a b*V Wp+Sbn a,\p /`d3SZdE qV a*Y\-\ a1O +1E * /`d3SZ* Z1f*y -WS+\V\ ]\,*3*2 a,\-\ h\W\,TV*x L˚eD 9B77MD SE qV 4`TO WT f`SabSqZSE /\+`1 `\4dYT2Y\ ]\/T+O ZT ]\`*/S 4 \3\-\ W\,*D W1 ]SO  b*ZZq , b\YdE hS YS ^f 4*ab\a\,d2Y\D 56D ˙1 Y\3Z* 4Z*ybS Yd/`T ]\`*/S k\/\ jWp+dH

:

)Vk\ gTZd2Y\ \3Sy /*` jWp+dE b\ Z1\/YTZZ\ +d/1Y\ /\ ZSf ]`SaWdf*bSO aq1D 57 `SabSqZanVSy h\W\,TV Y*2 WpO +SbS a,\p /`d3SZdD ]\ab\W 1b`\ aV*4*,B wSE h\W\,TVSE ]`\/\,3dyb1 3SbS 4 ZSYS b*V a*Y\E V1`dphSan  4Z*ZZqYE T ,T//*,*yb1 ^Y ]\j*Zd qV ]\ad/SZT aW*+TjTyE 3TZ\hTyE +\ T ,\ZS 2 a]*/V\2YSgqYS Z14*aWd31Z\-\ /*O `d 3SbbqC T b\/T Z1 +d/1 ]1`1jV\/ ,*O jSY Y\WSb,*Yx L5 1bD 7B;MD )Vk\ h\O  W\,TV Z1 /\b`SYd2bnaq gT2^ ]\`*/SE \- Z1 aWdf*bSY1 y\-\ Y\WSb\,D `TY b\-\E ab`*3/*bSY1 /df\,ZTabn \+\f ]*`bZ1`T,E * g1 , a,\p h1`-d Y\31 ]`S4,1abS /\ Z*]`d31ZZq , ab\adZO V*fE a,*`\V T -`d+\kT,D 58 ˙`d3SZ*E qV* aWdf*2bnaq +T+WTyO ZSf ]\`*/ T ]T/V\`q2bnaq \3\Yd /dO fdE ,1WSV\p YT`\p a]`Sq2 k*abp y   a]\V\p a,\2^ aTYG^D ˛,Sh*yZ\E +\-\+\O q4WS,Sy h\W\,TV Wp+Sbn a,\p /`d3SO  Zd T /+*2 ]`\ ^ ^ eT4ShZ1 b* /df\,O Z1 +W*-\]\WdhhqD )Vk\ /`d3SZ* f\h1 +dbS V\f*Z\pE ,\Z* ,Sq,WqbSY1 `SO aSE 4*,/qVS qVSY h\W\,TV Wp+SbSO  Y1 ^ ^ k1 +TWnj1D w d/`* 3TZV* +d/d2 a,Ty /TYEP -\,\`Sbnaq , `S]\,Tab1y 58B5EP * +14dYZ* a,\2p `dV\p `dyO Zd2 y\-\xD d/`* y Wp+Wqh* /`d3SZ* 4 daTf aSW /+*2 ]`\ /\+`\+db T k*abq   a,\2^ aTYG^D SY ,\Z* ]\V*4d2E k\ gTO Zd2 jWp+E /*` ,T/ \-*D 59 \W\,TV T /`d3SZ*E qVT /\`\3*bn jWp+\YE ab*,Wqbnaq \/Z1 /\ \/Z\O 1 ˙1qVT ]\`*/S k\/\ aTY1yZ\-\ 3Sbbq \+-\,\O `ppbnaq d VZS3gT w1`1+d,*yb1 , \3Ty Wp+\O ,TxE `\4/TWS 5> T 55D

57D )VT Y\3dbn +dbS Z*aWT/VSE qVk\ h\O  W\,TV Z1 /\b`SYd2bnaq ]\`*/SE 4*]Sa*Z\^ , 5 1b`* 7B;H  58D qVTy YT`T k*abq , aTYG^ 4*W13Sbn ,T/ 3TZVSH 59D )V* ]\`*/* 9B66P69H

YTabSbnaq , ˚e1aqZ


 -\ b*VE qV ıada /\ a,\^f dhZT,D L`\O hSb*yb1 ˚e1aqZ 9B66P69MD \WS ]\/`d3ZT ]*`bZ1`S ,Sq,Wqpbn a]`*O  ,3Zp Wp+\, T Z1 /\4,\WqpbnE k\+ ^fO ZT ab\adZVS `dyZd,*W* -\`/TabnE -`* , Y\,h*ZVd hS TZjT Z1f`SabSqZanVT ,hSZVSE ,\ZS ,T/hd,*pbn Z* a\+T hSO Y*W\ +W*-\aW\,1ZnD w˚ • ˝ ˙ (˙  ˚  ˛˙ı )x 5:

˛,Sh*yZ\E +TWnjTabn Wp/1y Z* ]1,Z\Yd 1b*]T a,\-\ 3Sbbq ]W*ZdO pbn \/`d3SbSaqD W1 /1qVT aWd3Sb1WT -\,S 4*WSj*pbnaq Z1\/`d31ZSYSD ˙1fb\ 4 ZSf Z1 Y\31 4Z*ybS ,T/]\,T/O Z\-\ ]*`bZ1`*E qVSy +d, +S ,T//*ZSy \-\,TD ıZjT Y*pbn \3Sy /*` +14O jWp+Z\abT T ]\,ZTabp ]`Sa,qhdpbn a1+1 aWd3TZZp -\,TE \aVTWnVS Z1 YdO aqbn ,Sb`*h*bS h*a Z* aTY1yZT \+\O ,Gq4VSD ˙\b`SYdphSan Z*ab*Z\, -\O ,SE Z1\/`d31ZT f`SabSqZS Y\3dbn +dbS k*aWS,SYS L *b,D 5=B5>P56C 5 \`D ;B5E :E ;E 5;MD 5; aTY Z*Y P T \/`d31ZSYE T Z1O \/`d31ZSY P aWT/ ]*YGqb*bS ıada\O ,T aW\,*B wT+* ,S Z1 hSb*WSE k\  b\yE fb\ ab,\`S, ^fE ,T/ a*Y\-\ ]\O  h*bVd ab,\`S, ^f qV h\W\,TV* T 3TZO VdH ı fT+* Z1 hSb*WSE k\ ,TZ aV*O 4*,B r \Yd ]\VSZ1 h\W\,TV +*bnV*  T Y*bT` b* ]`SWT]Sbnaq /\ a,\2^ /`dO 3SZSE T ab*Zdbn \+\2 \/ZSY bTW\YsH

*V k\ ,\ZS ,31 Z1 /,\2E * \/Z1 bTO W\D b31E k\ \- 4G2/Z*, \/ZSY q`O Y\YE Z1f*y 3\/Z* Wp/SZ* Z1 `\4/TO Wq2x L *b,D 5=B8P:MD *3*bS hd3\-\ ]\/`d3Zn\-\ ]*`bZ1`* P -`Tf L\,bD 9B65MD )Vk\ , f`SabSqZSZ* ]\hSZ*2 5:D \Yd /1qVT f`SabSqZS 4*WSj*pbnaq Z1\/`d31ZSYSH 5;D *M )VT ıada\,T aW\,* ]`\ jWp+ Z*Y aWT/ ]*YGqb*bSH +M #\ Y*2 +14 4,\WTV*Zn `\+SbS f`SabSqZSZE qVk\ ]\hSZ*2 ]`*-ZdbS hdO 3\-\ ]\/`d3Zn\-\ ]*`bZ1`*H

59   ) 6>56

S bS /\`\3Sj jWp+\YE /*`\Y ,T/ -\,SH

`\4,S,*bSan b*V1 ]\3*/WS,1 ]`*-O Z1ZZqE ,TZ Y*2 j,S/V\ ,SV\`TZp,*bS y\-\D `1+* +\`\bSaq 4 gSY Z1hSabSY  1-\^abShZSY +*3*ZZqYE Z*,Tbn V\WS g1 4*,/*2 aSWnZ\-\ 1Y\gTyZ\-\ +\Wp L *b,D 9B6;P7>MD V`*y ,*3WS,\ ,SO ]`*,WqbS a,\2 YSaW1ZZq T ]`S/djdO ,*bS -`TjZ1 +*3*ZZq 4`*/WS,\-\ a1`O gq L`1YD 5;B=MD 5< *-*b\ Wp/1yE qVT Y*y31 ZTh\-\ Z1 4Z*pbn ]`\ \-* -\,d T ]`\ y\O -\ ,SY\-S k\/\ jWp+dE 4 ]\j*Z\p ab*,Wqbnaq /\ ]\/`d3ZTf d4D *aVTWnO VS 3 +TWnj1 YSE ]`Sa,qh1ZT aWd3SO b1WT wk*aWS,\-\ \-*x -\,SE Y*2O Y\ bTjSbSaq y\-\ /*`*YS T /\,\/SbS Z* /TWTE k\ j*Zd2Y\ jWp+I L5 SYD 5B55MD 5<D )V YS Y*2Y\ ab*,SbSan /\ \3\-\ /*`d jWp+dH

;


˚   •  E

  " (ı   (&  ˚ w/`d31ZSf 31 Z*O ab*,WqpE T b\ Z1 qE * \a]\/n x L5  D ;B5>MD )    ) H

 qV\Yd `\4dYTZZT \4G2/Z*, ]\/`d33q \/ZSY q`Y\YH

 f`SabSqZS \/`d3dpbnaqE ,\ZS /*O pbn \+TbZSgT ]1`1/ \-\YD 1 Z*VW*/*2 Z* ZSf a1`y\4Zd ,T/]\,T/*WnZTabn L˚VVWD 9B7P9MD aVTWnVS -\,* 2 ˛*aZ\,ZSV\Y jWp+dE b\ Y\3Z* aV*4*bSE k\ a*Y1 ,TZ w4G2/Zd2 \/ZSY q`O Y\Yx ]\/`d3Zp ]*`d L *`V* 5>B=MD ıZ\/T 4 \3\-\ ]\-Wq/d g1y a\p4 2 hSZZSYE Z*,Tbn qVk\ 4 ]\-WqO /d /1`3*,ZSf 4*V\ZT, y\-\ ,31 Z1 TaZd2D `SaO  bSqZS 4*WSj*pbnaq ,T//*ZSYS a,\^Y jWp+ZSY \+TbZSgqY Z14*W13Z\ ,T/ b\-\E hS ,\ZS +dWS aWdO 3Sb1WqYS -\,SE V\WS dVW*/*WS jWp+D

6

"Wp+ Y\31 +dbS /31`1W\Y ,1WSV\-\ k*abqD /Z*V d /1qVSf aTYGqf ,SZSV*pbn a1`y\4ZT ]`\+O W1YSD #\ 3 b\/T `\+SbSH S Y\31 ]\/`d33q  4YTgZSbS a,\^ ab\adZVSH ı qV ,T/Z\,SbS YS` d aTO  YG^H #  ˚˚ " (B  ˙ı&  ˙"˚  • ı &H

)V ab*`TyjSZS Y\3dbn /\]\Y\-bS f`SabSqZ*YE V\b`T  Y*pbn b`d/Z\kT , aTYG^H

)V Z*Y aWT/ ab*,SbSan /\ jWp+dH

7

#*aWS,Sy jWp+ ]`SZ\aSbn `*/Tabn \+\Y ]*`bZ1`*Y T h1abn -\,TD  Z1,/*WSy jWp+ 4*,O /*2 /dj1,Z\-\ +\Wp b* TZjSf -T`VSf Z*aWT/VT,D 1\/`d31ZSy f`SabSqZSZ 4*VW*/1 /\+`d \aZ\,d    /Wq a,\2^ Y*y+dbZn\^ aTYG^E V\WS +d/1 /\b`SYd,*O bSan \3Sf ,V*4T,\VD )Vk\ Wp/SZ* ]`SyY*2 Z1O Yd/`1 `Tj1ZZq d ,S+\`T ]\/`d3Zn\-\ ]*`bZ1`*E ‹ b\ 4*4Z*2 `\4h*`d,*ZZq T aYdbVdD *]`SVW*/E TZ\/T pZT \a\+S ]\hSZ*pbn 4dab`Th*bSaqE f\h* k1  Z1 -\b\,T /\ ,T/]\,T/*WnZ\abTE ]\,Gq4*Z\^ 4 aTY1yO ZSY 3SbbqYD ıZjT 3 4Z*f\/qbn ]*`d h1`14 ıZb1`O Z1bE j,S/V\ \/`d3dpbnaq T Z1,/\,4T ab*pbn Z1O 5D )V f`SabSqZS ab*,Wqbnaq /\ jWp+d T h\YdH 6D )VT ]Sb*ZZq YS `\4-WqZ1Y\ , gTy ab*bbTH 7E 8D #\ Y\31 b`*]SbSanE qVk\ Wp/SZ* ]`SyY*2 Z1O Yd/`1 `Tj1ZZq d ,S+\`T ]\/`d3Zn\-\ ]*`bZ1`*H

<


k*aZSYSD #1 TZjT ]T/ h*a 4*WSgqZZq ,hSZqpbn a1`y\4ZSy -`Tf T ab,\`ppbn aTYGpE Z1 Y*phS ]\,*-S \/Z1 /\ \/O Z\-\D 8

˙1qVT f`SabSqZS T-Z\`dpbn ]\`*O /d \/`d3d,*bSaq wbTWnVS , \a]\/Tx T h1`14 g1 abSV*pbnaq 4 b`d/Z\k*O YSE +\ ]\/`d3ZTy ]*`bZ1` Z1 aWd3Sbn -\,T L5 \`D ;B7=MD )Vk\ bS ]`S]daO  bS,aq b*V\^ ]\YSWVSE ]`\aS , -\O ,S ]`\k1ZZq T /\]\Y\-SD ˛,Sh*yZ\E  \- Z1 dadZ1 Z*aWT/VT, b,\^f V\WSjZTf  ]`\,SZD W1 ,TZ ]T/b`SYd2 a,\^f aWdO 3Sb1WT,E qVT kS`\ V*pbnaqE T /\]\O  Y*-*2 ^Y +\`\bSaq 4 ]`\+W1Y*YS LaD 57>B5P8MD 1]1` Z*Y*-*yaq , dan\Yd /\-\/3*bS -\,TE T w`*/Tabn d \a]\/Tx 4YTgZSbn b1+1 L11YD <B5>MD 

 ˙˝ı ˛  & 9

\yE fb\ ]\hd,*2bnaq Z1k*aZSY d ]\/`d33TE Y\31 YT`Vd,*bSB wS ,*`O b\ +\`\bSaq 4* a,Ty jWp+H )V+S 3 q YT- ]\,1`ZdbS h*a Z*4*/ T ]\h*bS 3Sbbq 4 VSY\an TZjSYIx ˙1fb\ Y`T2 `\4T`,*bS jWp+ T /dY*2B w)V q f\O hd 4Z\,d +dbS ,TWnZSyI \31E Z*Y V`*k1 `\4TybSaqH *,Tbn qVk\ q Z1  Y*p +T+WTyZ\^ ]T/ab*,S /Wq `\4Wdh1ZO ZqE q ]`\ab\ 3SbSYd \V`1Y\ T +d/d Z*O a\W\/3d,*bSaq 3SbbqYxD ˛*YTabn b\-\  k\+ ]\`SZ*bS , b*VT Y`T^ *+\ dq,WqO bSE wk\ +S +dW\E qV+SDDDxE f`SabSqZSZ ]\,SZ1Z `\+SbS ,a1 Y\3WS,1 d a,\O  ^f \+ab*,SZ*fE /\b`SYdphSan \3Sf ]\`*/D : `SabSqZSZE qVSy `\4Wdh*2bnaqE Z1 4*,3/S Y*2 ]`*,\ \/`d3d,*bSO aq 4Z\,dD ıada aV*4*,B wb\ `\4Wdh*O 2bnaq 4T a,\2p /`d3SZ\p Z1 h1`14 +Wd/ T \/`d3d2bnaq 4 TZj\pE b\y hSO ZSbn ]1`1Wp+x L *b,D 5=B=MD 3Sb1 9D )VSf /dY\V b`1+* dZSV*bSE V\WS , jWpO +T ,SZSV*pbn a1`y\4ZT ]`\+W1YSH :D #\ \4Z*h*pbn ıada\,T aW\,*E 4*]Sa*ZT , *b,Tq 5=B=H

59   ) 6>56

-\,* /\]\Y*-*2 bSYE fb\ /\VW*/*2 ,aTf 4daSWn   /Wq 4YTgZ1ZZq a,\2^ aTYG^

, gn\Yd ,T`jT aW\,\ w+Wd/x ,VWph*2 ]1`1Wp+ b* TZjT ab*b1,T -`TfSD \3E qVk\ f`SabSqZSZ /dY*2 ]`\ `\4WdO h1ZZqE V\WS Z1 +dW\ ,hSZ1Z\ +Wd/dE y\Yd aWT/ +W*-*bS -\,d ]`\ /\]\Y\O -d , ]`SyZqbbT Yd/`\-\ `Tj1ZZqD ; 1`y\4ZT ]`\+W1YS d ab\adZV*f YT3 h\W\,TV\Y T /`d3SZ\p Z1`T/V\ a,T/h*bn ]`\ b1E k\ ]\/`d33q 4*Z1/O  +*W\ a,\^ ,4*2YSZS 4 -\,\pD ]\ab\W *,W\ ]\`djS, ,*3WS,1 ]Sb*ZZqB w)Vk\ h\W\,TV Z1 4Z*2E qV -\W\,d,*bS d ,W*aZ\Yd /\YTE b\ qV 4Y\31 /+*O bS ]`\ \3Sy 4+T`Hx L5 SYD 7B9MD \O WS jWp+ /,\f f`SabSqZ `\4]*/*2bnO aqE ab\`\ZZT Wp/S Y\3dbn ]\/dY*bSE k\ gq ]*`* Z1 /\b`SYd2bnaq b\-\E h\O -\ Z*,h*2 TZjSf LSYD 6B65P68MD ;D #\ Y\3dbn ]\/dY*bS ab\`\ZZT Wp/SE qVk\ jWp+ /,\f f`SabSqZ `\4]*/*2bnaqH

=


<

)Vk\ f`SabSqZanV1 ]\/`d33q ]W*Zd2 3SbS \V`1Y\ hS `\4WdhSbSaqE Z1 Y*phS Z* g1 +T+WTyZSf ]T/ab*,E b\E  +14adYZT,Z\E k\an Z1 b*V 4 ^fZn\p /dO f\,ZTabpD h1,S/Z\E \/SZ *+\ Z*,Tbn \+\2 ]\/`d3ZTf ]*`bZ1`T, Z1 4*ab\a\O ,dpbn +T+WTyZT ]`SZgS]SD )V+S ,\ZS ]\Oa]`*,3Zn\Yd wZ*/TqWSaq Z* \a]\O   /* ,aTY a,\^Y a1`g1YxE ^Y +S ,/*W\aq ,`qbd,*bS a,Ty jWp+D L`\hSb*yb1 `S]\,Tab1y 7B9E :MD =

*-*b\ aTY1yE qVT +dWS Z* Y13T `\4]*/dE 4Y\-WS da]TjZ\ ]\/\W*bS  a,\^ ]`\+W1YSD )Vk\ d ,*3VSy ]1O `T\/ aTY1yZ\-\ 3Sbbq f`SabSqZS Z1

)Vk\ d ,*3VSy ]1`T\/ aTY1yZ\-\ 3Sbbq f`SabSqZS Z1 \]daV*pbn `dVE b\ 4*4,Sh*y ]\3SO Z*pbn /\+`T ]W\/S \]daV*pbn `dVE b\ 4*4,Sh*y ]\3SZ*O pbn /\+`T ]W\/SD \4-WqZnY\E k\ Y\O 31 ,T/+dbSaq , `1WT-TyZ\ `\4/TW1Z\O Yd /\YTD ]\ab\W 1b`\ Z*]Sa*,B wSE  /`d3SZSE ]T/V\`qyb1aq a,\^Y h\W\,TO V*YE *+S bSfE fb\ Z1 aWdf*2bnaq a,qO b\-\ aW\,*E ,S Y\-WS +14 aWT, 4/\+dbS  a,\^YS ,hSZV*YSE V\WS ,\ZS ]\+*h*bn ,*jd hSabd ]\,1/TZVd T -WS+\Vd ]\,*O -dx L5 1bD 7B5E 6MD \+*hS,jS /\+`d ]\,1/TZVd a,\-\ h\W\,TV* *+\ 3TZVSE Z1,T`dphSy ]\/`d3ZTy ]*`bZ1` Y\31 ]`SyZqbS ]`*,/dD `SabSqZSE V\b`T 4 daTf aSW +\`pbnaq 4* aTYGp T Z1 ]\O

 VS/*pbn a,\^f ]*`bZ1`T,E ]`\aW*,WqO pbn \-*D `14dWnb*bT gTW* aTYGqE , b\O Yd hSaWT /TbSE \b`SY*2 ]\3Sb\VD 5> TWnjTabn f`SabSqZE +*3*phS /\-\/3*bS -\,TE \/`d3dpbnaq 4 y\O -\ ]`Sa,qh1ZSYS aWd3Sb1WqYSD W1 Z*,Tbn d b*VSf aTYGqf Y\3dbn Z1a]\O /T,*Z\ 4Gq,SbSaq a1`y\4ZT ]`\+W1YSD `SYT`\YE +d,*2E k\ , ]\/`d3Zn\O -\ ]*`bZ1`* ,SZSV*pbn 1Y\gTyZT `\4O W*/SD +\ 3 h1`14 /1qVSy h*a ]TaWq \/`d31ZZq h\W\,TV hS /`d3SZ* ab*2 Z1*VbS,ZSY ,TaZSV\YD an k\ ]1`1O 3SW* TZ/*1E `1,Z* f`SabSqZV* T ,T/O /*Z* Y*bSD \Z* +14]\`*/Z\ a]\ab1`TO  -*W* 4* bSYE qV ^ ^ h\W\,TV ]\abd]\,\ af\/S, 4 f`SabSqZanV\-\ jWqfdD TZ Z1 `\4V*q,aq d a,T/\Y\Yd -`Tfd T +d, ,SVWph1ZSyD T`ZSY f`SabSqZ*YE qVT  \]SZqpbnaq , ]\/T+ZTy aSbd*gT^E Y\31  4/*,*bSaqE k\ ^fZTy jWp+ 4*4Z*, V`*O  fd T 2 +14Z*/TyZSYD #\ ^Y `\+SbSH 55 Ë&#x2122;1V\-\ 4 b*VSf f`SabSqZ gTV*O ,SbnB wS q Ydjd 4+1`1-bS aTYGp 4* +d/nOqVSf \+ab*,SZHx Tfb\ Z1 Y\O 31 T Z1 ]\,SZ1Z ]`SyY*bS `Tj1ZO Zq 4* b1+1D a1 3 2 ,*-\YT ]T/ab*O ,S Z1 4/*,*bSaqE V\WS ]\/`d3ZT d4S aW*+ZdbnD \- /d31 gTZd2 f`SabSqZE qVT 4*`*/S hSab\-\ adYWTZZq b1`]1O WS,\ 4Z\aqbn aTY1yZT b`d/Z\kTD L`\O hSb*yb1 5 1b`* 6B5=E 6>MD 1`14 a,\2 W\,\ T a,qbSy /df -\,* /\]\Y*O -*2 bSYE fb\ /\VW*/*2 ,aTf 4daSWn /Wq  4YTgZ1ZZq aTYG^D    ı Ë&#x2122;   

56

)Vk\ , b1+1 2 aTY1yZT ]`\+W1YSE Z1 a\`\Yaq 4,1`ZdbSaq ]\ /\]\Y\O -d /\ 4`TWSf f`SabSqZD b*`TyjSZSE 1 ıY1Z* 4YTZ1Z\D

<D )V\-\ ,SaZ\,Vd Y\3Z* /TybS ]`\ f`SaO bSqZE qVT ,S`Tjdpbn 3SbS \V`1Y\ hS `\4O WdhSbSaqH =D )V f`SabSqZS Y\3dbn +dbS ,SZ*-\`\O  /31ZT 4* a,\^ Z*]\W1-WS,T 4daSWWq 4+1`1-bS aTYGpH

5>

5>E 55D )VT ]`\+W1YS 4Gq,Wqpbnaq , /1O qVSf aTYGqf T , h\Yd f`SabSqZS Y\3dbn +dO bS ,]1,Z1ZTH 56D )V ]\ab*,Wqbnaq /\ ,*a ab*`TyjSZSE V\WS ,S 4,1`Z1b1an /\ ZSf ]\ /\]\Y\-dH


qVSf ]`S4Z*h1Z\ ]*abS \b*`dE \f\h1 4,1`Zdbn b,\p d,*-d Z* ]\`*/S 4 \O  3\-\ W\,* LË&#x2122;T^ 6>B6<C )VD 9B58E 59MD 1 /dY*yE k\ bS T b,Ty ]\/`d3ZTy ]*`bO Z1` ,b`*bSb1 ]\,*-d ab*`TyjSZE qVO k\ `\4]\,Tab1 ]`\ a1`y\4ZT b`d/Z\O kTE qVT ,SZSVWS YT3 ,*YSD *,]*VSE gT +`*bS Wp+SbSYdbn T ]\,*3*bSYdbn ,*a k1 +TWnj1E V\WS ]\+*h*bn ,*j1 kS`1 +*3*ZZq /\-\/3*bS \-\,TD 57 \WS f`SabSqZSE qVT 3S,dbn d `1O WT-TyZ\ `\4/TW1ZSf aTYGqfE 4,1`b*pbnO aq /\ ab*`TyjSZ 4* ]\`*/\pE bT h*ab\ gSbdpbn ]\`*/d *,W*B w /`d31ZSf 31 Z*ab*,WqpE T b\ Z1 qE * \a]\/nB /`d3SZ* f*y Z1 ]\VS/*2 a,\-\ h\W\,TO V*E * qVk\ y ]\VSZ1E Z1f*y 4*WSj*O 2bnaq Z1\/`d31Z\p *+\ ]\YS`Sbnaq 4 ZSYD ı h\W\,TV Z1 ]\,SZ1Z 4*WSj*O bS a,\p /`d3SZdDDD \ 4,T/VS 4Z*2jE /`d3SZ\E hS Z1 ,`qbd2j a,\-\ h\W\,TO V*H +\ bSE h\W\,Th1E 4,T/VS 4Z*2jE hS  Z1 ,`qbd2j a,\2^ /`d3SZSHx L5 \`D ;B5>P5:MD )V1 3 +W*-\aW\,1ZZqE V\WS Z1,T`dphSy ]\/`d3ZTy ]*`bZ1` ab*2 ]\VW\ZZSV\Y -\,SI 58  4* qVSf \+ab*,SZ f`SabSqZO anV* /`d3SZ* Y\31 w]\VSZdbS a,\-\ h\W\,TV*xH Ë&#x2122;1fb\ ,S`Tjd2 3SbS \V`1O Y\E +\ ]*`bZ1` ,]1`b\ ,T/Y\,Wq2bnaq 4*+14]1hd,*bS aTYGpE ,V`*y 3\`ab\O  V\ 4Zdk*2bnaq Z*/ hW1Z*YS aTYG^ *+\ ab,\`p2 b*VT dY\,SE 4* qVSf Z1Y\3O WS,\ ]\VW\ZqbSaq \-\,TD 59 \VSZ dbS a,\-\ ]\/`d3Zn\-\ ]*`bZ1`* hS ZT P g1 \a\+Sab1 `Tj1ZO ZqD  ,bTYE \f`1k1ZSy aWd3Sb1Wn \O -* Y*2 +dbS h1aZSY a*Y 4 a\+\p T 4  Y\WSb,\p ]1`1,T`SbS a,\^ a]\ZdVSD *]`SVW*/E hS Z1,T`dphSy ]*`bZ1` a]`*,/T ]1`1jV\/3*2 b\+T aWd3SbS 57D )V* ]\`*/* YTabSbnaq , 5 \`SZeqZ ;B5>P5:H 58E 59D Ë&#x203A;* qVSf \+ab*,SZ f`SabSqZSZ Y\O 31 `\4/dYd,*bS ]`\ \V`1Y1 ]`\3S,*ZZq T h\Yd aWT/ h1aZ\ b* 4 Y\WSb,\p ]1`1,T`SbS  a,\^ a]\ZdVSH

59   ) 6>56

 4+\`T bS Y\31j \b`SY*bS ]\bTfd T /df\,Zd ]T/b`SYVd

-\,TH S bS a*Y 4*Z1/+d2j \a\+Sab1 ,S,h1ZZqE Z1`1-dWq`Z\ ,T/,T/d2j 4TO +`*ZZq T Z1\f\h1 ]`\]\,T/d2jH  5: S /\`\3SY\ a,\^YS ab\adZV*YS 4 \-\Y T gTZd2Y\ y\-\ /*` jWp+dE b\Yd Z*Y*-*2Y\an Z1 ]`SyY*bS ]\O a]TjZSf `Tj1ZnD )V aWd3Sb1WT -\,SE YS f\h1Y\ \a,qhd,*bS y\-\ a,qb1 TYGqD

\3 ZTV\WS Z1 ]W1V*yY\ ]T/abd]Z\O -\ +*3*ZZq `\4T`,*bS jWp+ T ab,\`SO bS aTYGp 4 VSY\an TZjSY L`1YD 5;B=C *WD 6B57P5:MD 5;

`SabSqZSZE qVSy \/`d31ZSy 4 Z1,T`dph\p Wp/SZ\pE ]\,SZ1Z 4 daTf aSW 4YTgZp,*bS a,Ty jWp+D  W1 aWd3Sb1Wn -\,S Z1 Y*2 ]\hd,*bSaq 5:D #\ Y*2 ab`SYd,*bS f`SabSqZ ,T/ ]\O a]TjZSf `Tj1Zn k\/\ `\4Wdh1ZZqH   5;D )V\^ aSbd*gT^ ab\adpbnaq aW\,*B w\]\VWSV*, ,*a 4+1`T-*bS YS`xH

55


,SZZSYE V\WS ]\]`S y\-\ kS`T ab*O `*ZZq 4+1`1-bS aTYGp Z1,T`dphSy ]\O /`d3ZTy ]*`bZ1` ,T/Y\,Wq2bnaq 3SbS `*4\Y 4 ZSYD w)Vk\ Z1,T`dphSy ]\VSO /*2 a,\-\ ]*`bZ1`*E b\ f*y a\+T ]\O VS/*2EP ]Sa*, *,W\DP \/T +`*b hS a1ab`* Z1 4,Gq4*ZTE */31 \- ]\VWSV*, ,*a 4+1`T-*bS YS`x L5 \`D ;B59M1D  Ë&#x2122;ıâ&#x20AC;¢)    5<

\WS ,SZSV*pbn aTY1yZT b`d/Z\O kTE ]`\aS , -\,S Yd3Z\abT T 4*,3O /S ]\VW*/*yaq Z* Zn\-\D L`\hSb*yO b1 a*W\Y 6;B58MD Ë&#x203A;-*/*yY\ TZ/dE  ]`\ qVd yjW\aq `*ZTj1D ı^ jWp+ 4*O VTZhS,aq `\4Wdh1ZZqYE f\h* ,\Z* +*O -*b\ `\VT, Z*Y*-*W*an ,`qbd,*bS y\-\D S TZ/* ,,*3*2E k\ 4Y*`ZdO ,*W* a,Ty h*aH w3 ZTqVEP V*31 ,\O  Z*DP \^ ab*`*ZZq +dWS /\+`SY a,T/O h1ZZqY /Wq ab\`\ZZTf Wp/1yD `TY

`*W*an 4+1`1-bS a,\p aTYGpD w) f\bTO W* ]TbS ,T/ h\W\,TV*E +\ ,TZ Z1 /+*, ]`\ Y1Z1 ZT Y*b1`T*WnZ\E ZT /df\,O Z\EP `\4]\,T/*2 ,\Z*DP Ty h\W\,TVE qVSy V\WSan aWd3S, ab*`TyjSZ\pE ,]Wdb*,aq , adYZT,ZT eTZ*Za\,T \]1O  `*gT^D TZ ]\h*, ]`\]daV*bS 4T+`*ZZqE T YS Y*y31 ]1`1ab*WS a]TWVd,*bSaqD `S+WS4Z\ , b\y h*a d Z*j\Yd YTabT ab*,aq b1`*VbE T q b*V 4WqV*W*anE k\ 4*YVZdW*aq , a\+TD Ë&#x203A;-\/\Y q da,T/\O YSW*E k\ b13 ,SZZ* , Z*jSf ]`\+O W1Y*fD S 4Z\,d ab*WS a]TWVd,*bSO aqE `1-dWq`Z\ ]`Sf\/SbS Z* 4T+`*ZZq T ,T/Z\,SWS aTY1yZ1 ,S,h1ZZqD b*O `TyjSZS 4 /\+`\b\p Z*Y /\]\Y*-*O WSD S ]\h*WS ,a1 a]\h*bVdD Ë&#x203A; h*O a\Y h\W\,TV 4YT- ,SV\Zd,*bS ]1,ZT \+\,Gq4VS , 4+\`TD S ]1`13SWS /d31 ,*3VSy ]1`T\/E *W1 +*-*b\ h\-\ Z*O ,hSWSanxD 6>

5<D )VT /\+`T ]W\/S ]`SZ\aqbn 4daSWWq 4+1O `1-bS jWp+E Z*,Tbn qVk\ ,TZ 4`1jb\p `\4O ]*/*2bnaqH

/`d31ZT YS hS ZTE 4*,3/S +d/nO Y\ Yd3ZTYS T Z*/TyY\aq Z* -\,dD \O â&#x20AC;¹  WS 4*4Z*2Y\ b`d/Z\kT, d aTYG^E /\VW*O  /*yY\ ,aTf 4daSWnE k\+ ^f ]\/\W*bSD *YGqb*yY\E k\ h\W\,TV T 3TZV*E \+G2/O Z*ZT d4*YS jWp+dE w,31 Z1 /,\2E * \/O Z1 bTW\x L *b,D 5=B:MD )Vk\ bS ]\]`S  b`d/Z\kT 4*WSj*2jaq 4T a,\^Y Z1,TO `dphSY ]\/`d3ZTY ]*`bZ1`\YE b\ ,TZ Y\31 ]T4Z*bS ]`*,/dE T g1 ]`SZ1a1 b\O +T ,1WSVd `*/TabnD 65 \h +S qVSYS +dWS Z*jT \+ab*,SO ZSE ,*`b\ Z*W13Z\ ]\,\/SbSanE k\+ /*,*bS -*`Z1 a,T/h1ZZq bSYE fb\ Z1 Z*W13Sbn /\ f`SabSqZanV\-\ 4+\`dD )Vk\ ,*jT jWp+ZT d4S aW*+ZdbnE Z*O ]\W1-WS,\ Y\WTbnaqE h1aZ\ *Z*WT4dyb1  a,\^ a]\ZdVSE `\4/dYdyb1 Z*/ ]\`*O /*YS 4 \3\-\ W\,* T 4,1`b*yb1an ]\ /\]\Y\-d /\ ab*`TyjSZD  k\Z*yO ,*3WS,Tj1E ]\ab*Z\,Tbn , dan\Yd /\O -\/3*bS \-d -\,T T /\`\3Tbn y\-\ /*`\Y jWp+dD

5=D )V\-\ da]Tfd /\aq-W\ \/Z1 ]\/`d33qE  Z*Y*-*phSan ,`qbd,*bS a,\^ ,4*2YSZSH

6>E 65D )V YS Y*2Y\ ab*,SbSan /\ jWp+dH

Ë&#x203A;*,3/S ]\VW*/*yaq Z* -\,d T ]`\aS , Zn\-\ Yd3Z\abT b\-\E q Y*p hSab1 adYWTZZqD  Z*yO V`*k1 b1E k\ gT `\VS /\]\Y\-WS Z*O jTy /\hgT 4YTgZSbSan d ]`*,/TD \Z* ,S`\aW* `1,ZSY T ,T//*ZSY ,T/V\Y -\,SxD 5= `SabSqZV*E Z* TYGq 1`SWTZE `*O /*E k\ ]\VW*/*W*an Z* \-* T ab*O 1 Ë&#x2122;S,Tbnaq VZS3Vd w1`1+d,*yb1 , \3Ty WpO +\,TxE aD 65=P665E w*`b\,d +*jbdx 4* 5 ,1`1aZq 5=<= `\VdE aD 5<P6> L`\aDM 5 WSab\]*/* 5=<< `\O VdE aD 6:E 6;E *Z-WDE * b*V\3 4* 5 Wpb\-\ 5=;< `\VdE aD 58 L`\aDM 59 ,1`1aZq 5=;9 `\VdE aD 9;9E *Z-WDD

56


) h1`]*W* Yd/`Tabn d WTbZTf +`*bT, T a1ab1` ˛ı

˚  ˙˚

W\,* \/Z\-\ h\W\,TV*E qVSy ,S,h*, T+WTp  4 Y\^Y +*bnV\YE 4YTZSWS Y\2 3SbbqD 1 +dW\ ]`S+WS4Z\ ;> `\VT, b\YdD T/b\/T k1 /1qVT Wp/S a]`*,SWS Z* Y1Z1 ,1WSVSy ,]WS,D  4 \/ZT2p \a\+\p q `\4,SZdW* /`d3+dE qVd gTO Zdp ]\Z*/ da1D \hd `\4]\,TabS /1b*WnZTj1D  )  ˙ & 5=76 `\Vd , T/Z1^ L,ab`*O  WTqMD \^ +*bnVS ,T`SWS , \-*E *W1 /\ g1`V,S Z1 f\/SWSD *Y* Z1 `*4 V*4*W* Y1ZTE k\ \- ,a1 +*hSbn T ]\V*`*2E qVk\ q +d/d Z1aWdfZqZ*D \O Yd q +\qW*an \-*D  ,bTYE q 4*f\]Wp,*W*an T+WT2pD * ,SfT/ZSf /\ Z*a h*ab\ ]`Sf\/SW*  bTbV* T `\4]\,T/*W* gTV*,T +T+WTyZT Tab\`T^D ) 4*O  ,3/S 4 Z1b1`]TZZqY h1V*W* Z* Z1^D

T ab*`jSy +`*b `1ZV1 b13 ]\h*WS ]`Sf\/SbS Z* 4T+`*ZZqD aT YS 4`\+SWS /df\,ZSy ]\abd] T 4-\/\Y \f`1abSWSaqD ˛ b\-\ h*ad hSY*W\ +`*O bT, T a1ab1`E qVT +dWS ab*`jTE ZT3 qE ]\4SbS,Z\ ,]WS,*WS Z* Y1Z1 , `T4ZT ]1`T\/S Y\-\ 3SbbqD 

  ˝  • " )

]T/WTbV\,T `\VS Y1ZT ]\/\+*W\an a]TWVd,*O bSaq 4T ab*`jSYS +`*b*YS T a1ab`*YSD  Z*j\O Yd 4+\`T aWd3SW* WTbZq a1ab`*E Z* TYGq ˚WTa  W1yaD *Y1 ,\Z* ,]1`j1 a,T/hSW* Z*jTy aTYG^D 1ab`* ˚WTa +dW* /Wq Y1Z1 Z*h1 `T/Z* +*+daqD \Z* ,hSW* Y1Z1 ]`\]\,T/d,*bS T 4*\f\hd,*W*  \f`1abSbSanD ,TgT 59 `\VT, q /\aq-ZdW* gT2^ Y1bSD

`S-*/dpE qV YTy b*b\ hSb*, 4+T`Vd VZS3\VE  qVd /*W* Y\^y Y*YT \/Z* WTbZq ]*ZTE ,T/\V -\O ,SD 1E k\ b*b\ ]`\hSb*, d gSf f`SabSqZanVSf ]d+WTV*gTqfE /d31 ,`*4SW\ y\-\E T ,TZ ]\-\/S,O aq ,S,h*bS T+WTp 4T ,T/V*YSD \/T q +dW* ]T/O WTbV\YD )V\an \/Z\-\ ,1h\`* ]T/ h*a ,S,h1ZZq b*b\ ,]TyY*, Y1Z1 Z* b\YdE k\ q ]T/aWdf\,dO ,*W*D TZ f\bT, ,T/]`*,SbS Y1Z1 , WT3V\E *W1 -Tabn aV*4*,B w1f*y ˚W,* ]\aS/Sbn 4 Z*YSxD q ]`\]\4SgTq 4YTZSW* Y\2 3Sbbq T ]\VW*W*  ]\h*b\V Y\^y /`d3+T 4 ]`*,/S,SY \-\Y -\O ,\pD

*V\3 q ]\/`d3SW*aq 4 WTbZn\p ]*`\pE 1`O aT T 1y/3 L *`-*`1bM ˙*Z1YD 5=7>Of `\V*f  ,\ZS aWd3SWS YTaT\Z1`*YS , *b,T^D \WS , ,O  `\]T ]\h*W*aq ˙`d-* a,Tb\,* ,TyZ*E ^f 4*]`\aSO  WS , 1b1Wn d T/Z1^D 1`aT T 1y/3 kS`\ gTV*O ,SWSaq YZ\p T `\4]\,T/*WS +*-*b\ 4*f\]WS,Sf

1,/\,4T YS 4 b*b\Y ab*WS ,T/,T/d,*bS f`SaO bSqZanVT 4T+`*ZZqD T+WTyZT ,h1ZZq a]\ZdV*O WS b*b* `\+SbS ]1,ZT 4YTZSE Z*]`SVW*/E \]*Z\O ,d,*bS a,Ty -ZT,D \+*hS,jS g1E Y\q Y*Y*

1 `1ZV *Y+1`bE +`*b ˚W,SE ab*, `1,ZSY ]T\Z1`\Y  T ]`\]\,T/d,*, d Y*W\Z*a1W1ZSf `*y\Z*f ,ab`*WT^D `\ \/Z d 4 y\-\ 4* f\]WS,Sf ]`\]\,T/ZSgnVSf ]\/\`\31y `\4]\,T/*2bnaq , w#\`ThZSVd ,T/VT, -\,Sx 4* 5=<7 `TVE aD 55>P556 L*Z-WDMD

59   ) 6>56

57


,S]*/VT, 4T a,\-\ YTaT\Z1`anV\-\ aWd3TZZqD 1 a]`*,SW\ Z* Y1Z1 ,1WSVSy ,]WS,D Th d bTYE k\  q /d31 Wp+SW* Y*b1Y*bSVd T Y`TqW* ^^ ,SVW*/*O bSD W1E a]TWVdphSan 4 gT2p ]*`\pE q 4`\4dYTO  W*E k\ Z*,h*bS Wp/1y T+WT^ 4Z*hZ\ gTV*,Tj1E ZT3 +dbS ,hSb1W1Y Y*b1Y*bSVSD \Yd q 4*f\bTO W* b13 aWd3SbS 4* V\`/\Z\YD ˙*Z1YS `*/SWS Y1ZT ab*bS ]T\Z1`\YE k\+ ]T/-\bd,*bSaq /\ YTaT\Z1`anV\-\ aWd3TZZqD

\3 5=8< `\VdE V\WS Y1ZT +dW\ 5:E q ]`S2/Z*W*O aq /\ /1aqbS Y\W\/Sf ,TaZSVT,E qVT aWd3SWS ]TO \Z1`*YS , Z*j\Yd 4+\`T , 1`ab,TWWT L T/Z1yMD ]`\/\,3 Z*abd]ZSf h\bS`n\f `\VT, q aWdO 3SW* ]T\Z1`\Y , h\bS`n\f YTab*f d jb*b*f ,TZaW1Z/ T \,Sy T,/1ZZSy 1WnaD /ZT2p  4 Y\^f ]1`jSf 4*gTV*,W1ZSf +dW* 1bbT \d Lb1O ]1` 1YZ1ZbMD 1bbTE bd`+\bWS,* T W*-T/Z* /T,O hSZ*E ab*`j* ,T/ Y1Z1 Z* /,* `\VSE 4-\/\Y ab*O W* Y\2p Z*]*`ZSg1p d ]T\Z1`anV\Yd aWd3TZZTD S `*4\Y ]`\]\,T/d,*WS , YTabT *d`*E k\ 4* 67> VTW\Y1b`T, Z* 4*fT/ ,T/ T/Z1qD \h* q 4 1bbT a]T,]`*gp,*W* Z1/\,-\E YS /\aT 4*WSO jSWSan /\+`SYS ]\/`d-*YSD 1`14 qVSyan h*a Y1Z1 ]`S4Z*hSWS a]1gT*WnO  ZSY ]T\Z1`\Y T q ]1`1^f*W* /\ YTab* *``*Z/1O `*E qV1 W13Sbn 4* 66> VTW\Y1b`T, Z* ]T,/1ZZSy 4*fT/ ,T/ *d`SD \2p Z\,\p Z*]*`ZSg1p ab*O W* ˙3\y 1ZZ\Va Lb1]1` *Zb1`ME `1,Z* ]T\Z1`O V*E ab*`j* 4* Y1Z1 Z* /,* `\VSD `TY Z*a d gn\Yd YTabT +TWnj1 Z1 +dW\ ,T/VT,D S 3SWS

Wd3d ]T\Z1`\Y 4 ˙3\y 1ZZ\Va d *``*Z/1`T

  , -\abSZZ\^ aTYG^E 1q T ˚ab1` y`\ZaD \ZS b*  ^fZTy aSZ T b`\2 /\h\V gTV*,SWSan ]`*,/\pD 1y 4 aSZ\Y ]`*gp,*, 4* YTab\YE Z* e1`YTE /1 `\4O ,\/SWS \,1gn b* ,S`\kd,*WS ]j1ZSgpD  ˚aO b1` T /T,h*b* /\-Wq/*WS Z1,1WShVSy -\b1WnD  \3Z\^ Z1/TWT YS 4 ˙3\y -\bd,*WS Z* \+T/ aY*O  31Zd ab`*,d /Wq ,1WSV\^ VTWnV\abT Wp/1yB /Wq y`\ZaT,E * b*V\3 Y1jV*ZgT, -\b1Wp P 56 h\O W\,TVT,E qVT ]`*gp,*WS Z* 4*WT4ZSgT y +dWS ,ThO Z\ -\W\/ZTD *jd `\+\bd ,,*3*WS h*abSZ\p  \`1Z/Z\^ ]W*bSD \YS,jS ]\ad/E YS ]\/*,*WS y`\Za*Y aY*hZd /df\,Zd ab`*,d P k\bS3Z1O   ,1 ,S,h1ZZq w*`b\,\^ +*jbSxD 1yE ˚ab1` b* ^fO ZT /TbS ]T4Z*WS ]`*,/d T ab*WS \/ZSYS 4 ]1`O jSf ,TaZSVT, 4+\`d , *``*Z/1`TD  * V\Z-`1aT , T/Z1^ d 5=95 `\gT q ,T/,T/*W* a]1gT*WnZd 4dab`Th /Wq ]T\Z1`T,E qVT gTV*,SWSO aq YTaT\Z1`anVSY aWd3TZZqYD q 4dab`Th ]`\f\O /SW* d ,1WSV\Yd Z*Y1bTE /1 4T+`*W\aq +TWnj1 ZT3 7>> \aT+D *b*Z \`` 4 +`dVWTZanV\-\ 1b1O Wp 4,1`Zd,aq /\ ]`SadbZTf T Z*-\W\aS,E k\ ,V`*y Z1\+fT/Z\ Z1abS /\+`d Z\,SZd *3 /\ V`*p 41YWTD S T4 4*f\]W1ZZqY W\,SWS V\3Z1 y\-\ aW\,\D *-*b\ 4 bSf ]T\Z1`T,E qVT +dWS Z* 4dab`ThTE ]T4ZTj1 4*]\h*bVd,*WS ]`\]\,T/O ZSgnVd ]`*gp , ]T,/1ZZTy h*abSZT Sf\-\ \V1O *Zd b* TZjSf YTag1,\abqfD 5=96 `\gT Y1Z1 `*4\Y 4 5: TZjSYS *,ab`*WTygqYS 4*]`\aSWS , 5=Oy VW*a jV\WS w˘TW1*/xD * b\y h*a Y1ZT +dO W\ WSj1 6> `\VT,D ) ]\hd,*W*aq /d31 k*aWSO ,\pE V\WS Y\q Y`Tq aWd3SbS YTaT\Z1`\Y 4/TyaO ZSW*aqI 

˚ı  ı  ˛ı(  &

*,h*ZZq , w˘TW1*/Tx T a]TWVd,*ZZq 4T 4`TWSO  YS +`*b*YS b* a1ab`*YS ]\-WS+SW\ Y\^ +T+WTyZT 4Z*ZZqE 4YTgZSW\ ,T`d T ]\4SbS,Z\ ,]WSZdW\ Z* Y\p \a\+SabTabnD \/TE , pZ\Yd ,TgTE q Y*W* /1O k\ Z1`1*WTabShZT ]\-Wq/S y \hTVd,*W* /\aV\O Z*W\abT ,T/ a1+1 b* TZjSfD ıZ\/T q +dW* Z*/O b\ a1`y\4Z\pD `SYT`\YE V\WS q ]\+*hSW*E qV +`*b \`` -`*2 , YGqh* 4 Y\W\/SYS +1b1WT,gqO YSE g1 Y1Z1 ]`\ab\ j\Vd,*W\D SVW*/*hT jV\WS w˘TW1*/xE ]`\ZSVWS,T h\W\O ,TVS 4 +*-*b\`ThZSY /\a,T/\YE Y*+dbnE ]\YTbSO WSE k\ Y1ZT Z1W1-V\D \ZS ,Sq,WqWS /\ Y1O


3SW\ hSY*W\ /df\,Z\ 4`TWSfE ab*`jSf 4* Y1Z1 +`*bT, T a1ab1`D 14*+*`\Y q 4*4Z*W* ,*3V\-\ d/*`dD 1ZT ab*W\ ,T/\Y\E k\ h\W\,TV 4`*/3d,*, Y1Z1 T -\O ,dD ˛-\/\Y ,TZ ]\VSZd, Y1Z1D ) ]\hd,*W*aq a]dab\j1Z\pD 1 4Z*pE k\ q `\+SW* +E qV+S  Z1 a1`/1hZ* ]T/b`SYV* Y\^f /\`\-Sf ab*`jSf /`d4T, 4 1b1WpD \ZS aWdf*WS Y1Z1E V\WS q f\O bTW* ]\-\,\`SbSE T 4*WSj*WS Z*\/SZgTE V\WS q  ]\b`1+d,*W* gn\-\D ıfZq /\+`\b* T aW\,* ]\bTO fS /\]\Y*-*WS Y1ZT /\W*bS Z1,SY\,ZSy +TWnD ˙`d4T +dWS /Wq Y1Z1 a]`*,3Zn\p \]\`\pE T 4*,O  /qVS ^Y q k1 +TWnj1 4+WS4SW*aq 4 -\,\pD

˚W,* 4 hW1Z*YS `\/SZS j,1yg*`anV\-\ 1b1Wp L5=:> `TVM

Z1 \a\+SabSy TZb1`1a T /\]\Y*-*WS 4YTZp,*bS YSaW1ZZqD *W\O]\Y*Wd q ]\h*W* da,T/\YWpO ,*bSE k\ -\,* Wp+WqhSy T ,/qhZSy \-E * Z1  ad,\`Sy T ,SY\-WS,SyD ˙1fb\ 4 Y\^f \/Z\VW*aO ZSVT, b*V\3 /\]\Y*-*, Y1ZTD /Z* a1ab`* aV*O 4*W*B w˚W,\E -\,* P Z1 ]\-\ZSh 4 Z*-*yV\pD  1 +d/n b*V* ab`\-* /\ a1+1Ix ı^ ]`qYT aW\,* b\`VZdWSaq Y\-\ a1`gqD TaWq 4*VTZh1ZZq jV\WS Y1Z1 T h\bS`n\f Y\O  ^f \/Z\VW*aZSVT, ]`S4Z*hSWS , *YT+Tp LeO `SV*MD 1,/\,4T YS ,31 ]`\,\/SWS <> +T+WTyZSf ,S,h1ZnD 1ZT /d31 a]\/\+*W*an *YT+Tq T YTaTO \Z1`anV1 3SbbqE *W1 q 4*V\f*W*an d a,\-\ \/O Z\VW*aZSV* 4 w˘TW1*/dxE qVSy \b`SY*, ]`S4Z*O  h1ZZq aWd3SbS , ",1yg*`T^D b\3E ]`\,T,jS    `TV d *YT+T^E q ]1`1^f*W* /\ ",1yg*`T^D S \/`d3SWSanE T q ]`S2/Z*W*aq /\ h\W\,TV* , `*O y\ZZ\Yd aWd3TZZTD 

˛ ˛ ˝  ˙ 

*4\Y YS ]`\,1WS , `*y\ZZ\Yd aWd3TZZT ]Gqbn `\VT,E ]TaWq h\-\ Z*a 4*]`\aSWS , j,1yO g*`anVSy 1b1WnD ) +dW* k*aWS,*E k\ Y\-W*  Z*W13*bS /\ +1b1WT,anV\^ `\/SZSE , qVTy aWdO 59   ) 6>56

`TY b\-\E q ]`S-*/d,*W* b1E k\ Y1ZT V\WSan -\,\`SWS Yd/`T WTbZT \/Z\,T`gTE 4*-*`b\,*ZT d ,S]`\+d,*ZZqfD *]`SVW*/E 1y/3 ˙*Z1Y qV\an aV*4*W*B w aWd3TZZT -\,T bS 4TbVZ1jaq 4 +*-*bnY* b`d/Z\k*YSE *W1 Z*y,*3h1 4Z1abS ]`\+W1YSE qVSf 4*,/*pbn +WS4nVT Wp/SD )Vk\ b*V1 b`*]Sbnaq d b,\2Yd 3SbbTE 4YTgZpy ab\O adZVS 4 -\,\pD *YGqb*yE k\ bS aWd3Sj \-\O ,TE * Z1 Wp/qYxD \`*/* 1y/3 h*ab\ /\]\Y*-*O W* Y1ZT , bq3Vd f,SWSZdD ) 4`\4dYTW*E k\ ]\YSWVS Y\-\ h\W\,TV* Z1 ]\,SZZT ,T//*WqbS Y1Z1 ,T/ -\,SD  ) ,S`TjSW* ]\,1`ZdbSan /\ ,ab`*WT^E k\+  aWd3SbS ]T\Z1`\Y ]\+WS3h1 /\ a,\2^ `\/SZSD  T/ h*a /\,-\^ ]\/\`\3T \V1*Z\Y q Y*W* Z*-\O /d Z1\/Z\`*4\,\ a,T/hSbS VTWnV\Y ]*a*3S`*YD 1`1/ ZSf +d, a]\VTyZSy Z\`,131gnE Z* TYGq `Z1 `/1D •\Yd a]\/\+*W\aq b1E k\ ,TZ /T4Z*,O   aq 4 T+WT^D T4ZTj1 `Z1 ]`S^3/3*, /\ Z*a d -\abT , T/Z1yD TZ j,S/V\ 4`\+S, /df\,ZSy ]\abd] T \f`1abS,aqD 5=:7 `\gT YS \/`d3SO WSanE * h1`14 /,* `\VS , Z*a Z*`\/S,aq aSZ *`TD 

˛ı & ˛ı #˚ ˙    )

`Z1E *`T T q +dWS k*aWS,\p aTYG2pD 14*+*O  `\Y `Z1 `\4+d/d,*, Z*j /TYE k\+ Y\^ ]\ab*`TO WT +*bnVS Y\-WS 3SbS 4 Z*YSD 1`14 jTabn `\VT, YS 4TbVZdWSaq 4 a1`y\4ZSY ,S]`\+d,*ZZqYD  `Z1 ,Sq,SWS `*V Y\4VdD ) k\/Zq ,T/,T/d,*O W* y\-\ , WTV*`ZTE /1 ,TZ ]`\f\/S, b`S,*WSy   Vd`a ]`\Y1Z1,\^ b1`*]T^D ]\h*bVd `Z1 yj\,

59


Z* ]\]`*,VdE *W1 4-\/\Y y\-\ ab*Z ]\-T`jS,aq T , Zn\-\ ab*,aq TZadWnbD 1ZT aV*4*WSE k\ h\W\O ,TV ]`\3S,1 WSj1 VTWnV* bS3ZT,D * k*abqE ,a1 aVW*W\aq TZ*Vj1D `Z1 ,S]Sa*WS 4 WTV*`ZTE T q /\-Wq/*W* y\-\ ,/\Y*E /\VS ,TZ Z1 \/d3*,D Ë&#x203A; h*a\Y ,TZ 4YT- f\/SbS T Z*,Tbn 4Z\,d ]\h*, ,SO V\Zd,*bS \+\,Gq4VS ab*`TyjSZSD `Z1 Y*, ,1O a1Wd ,/*hd T /\+`1 ]\hdbbq -dY\`dE b\Yd Y1ZT +dW\ W1-V\ ]TVWd,*bSaq ]`\ Zn\-\D `TY b\-\E y\-\ \]bSYT4Y a]`Sq, \/d3*ZZpD

5=<: `\gT 4/\`\,Gq `Z1 ]\-T`jSW\aqD *  b\y h*a Y\^ +*bnVS ,31 ]\Y1`WSE b\3 YS \a1WSWSan 4* T/Z12YE d Y*Wn\,ZShSf -\`*f  WdO *dZbTZaE Z1]\/*WTV ,T/ a,\^f /`d4T,D *`T \/`d3S,aq 4 hd/\,\p a1ab`\p *`TZE T ,\ZS 4*]`\]\Zd,*WS Z*Y 3SbS `*4\YD 1`14 ]*`d  YTaqgT, YS ,aT ]1`1^f*WS , +d/SZ\VE k\ `\4O b*j\,d,*,aq 4* VTWnV* ,dWSgn ,T/ Z*j\-\ V\O WSjZn\-\ ]\Y1jV*ZZqD ab*ZZT ]T,b\`* `\Vd a,\-\ 3Sbbq `Z1 +d, ]`SVdbSy /\ WT3V* T ]\b`1+d,*, ]\abTyZ\-\ /\O -Wq/dD aVTWnVS q +*-*b\ h*ad ]`\,\/SW* ,/\O Y*E b\ k\/Zq Y\-W* ,S/TWqbS ]\ /,T -\/SZS Z*  ,S,h1ZZq T+WT^ T Z*jSf ]d+WTV*gTyD ZSf q 4Z*f\/SW* hSY*W\ Yd/`Sf ]\`*/E qVT /\]\Y*O -*WS Y1ZT , g1y Z1W1-VSy ]1`T\/D ) ,/qhZ*E k\ Z*a ,T/,T/d,*WS WTbZT +`*bS T a1ab`S 4 Z*j\-\ 4+\`dD Ë&#x2122;1fb\ 4 ZSf b13 ]1`13S, ]\/T+ZT ,S]`\O  +d,*ZZqD ıfZT ,T4SbS /d31 ]T/+*/n\`p,*WS Y1O Z1D `Z1 ]\Y1` d V,TbZT 6>>7 `\VdD TZ Y*, b,1`/d Z*/Tp Z* ,\aV`1aTZZqD  â&#x20AC;¢ı &" ıË&#x2122; 

\WS q +dW* pZ*E b\ Y*W* Z1`1*WTabShZT a]\O /T,*ZZqD /Z*V 4 `\V*YS q ]1`1V\Z*W*anE k\ Z1 ,a1 , 3SbbT aVW*/*2bnaq b*VE qV YS f\h1Y\D ) ,T/hdW* Z* a\+T +*-*b\ +W*-\aW\,1ZnE *W1 y ]1`13SW* /,* ,1WSVSf Z1k*abqB 4`*/d \/Z\-\ h\W\,TV* T aY1`bn TZj\-\D `\b1 q Z1 +dW* ]\VSO Zdb* Z*]`S4,\Wqk1E +\ 4 `T4ZSf /31`1W \b`SO Yd,*W* /\]\Y\-d T ]\bTfdD *y+TWnj\p ]T/O b`SYV\p /Wq Y1Z1 2 \- -\,*E w b*`Sy /ZqYSx LË&#x2122;*ZD ;B=MD Ë&#x203A;*,/qVS y\-\ ]\`*/*Y q 4YTZSW*an T 4Y\-W* ]\h*bS YTaT\Z1`anV1 aWd3TZZqE qV1 ]`SZ1aW\ Y1ZT ,1WSVd `*/TabnD  V\WS ,SZSVO WS ]`\+W1YSE wYSWTabn -\,S ]T/]S`*W* Y1O Z1x T w`\4`*/S y\-\ ,1a1WSWS Y\p /djdx LaD

5:

Ë&#x2122;\-Wq/*p 4* `Z1 ]T/ h*a f,\`\+S

=8B5<E 5=MD Ë&#x2122;\ b\-\ 3 q ,T/hd,*W* Z* a\+T Wp+\, T ]T/b`SYVd `T/ZSfE * b*V\3 ]`*,/S,Sf /`d4T,E V\b`T , Z1/\WT ab*pbn +`*b*YS L`S]D 5;B5;MD *-*b\ 4 ZSf +dWS Yd/`T WTbZT ,T/VSD *b`T*`f â&#x20AC;¢\, aV*4*,B w d/`Tabn P d ab*`O jSfE +\ /\,-Tabn /ZT, P `\4dYx Lâ&#x20AC;¢\,* 56B56MD 4S`*phSan Z*4*/E q Y\3d ]T/b,1`/SbS ]`*,O /S,Tabn gSf aWT,D d/`T ]\`*/S ab*`jSf \aT+  h*ab\ /\]\Y*-*WS Y1ZTE ^fZT `\4`*/S 4YTgZpO ,*WS Y1Z1E * /`d3+* 4 ZSYS 4+*-*bSW* Y\2 3SbbqD ) bTjdaqE k\ Y1Z1 4*,3/S /\ ZSf bq-O ZdW\D

1]1` q ,31 y a*Y* Z1Y\W\/*E Y1ZT <> `\VT,D Ë&#x203A;*,/qVS b\YdE k\ q ]1`13SW*E q WT]j1 `\4dYTp  ]\b`1+S WTbZTf Wp/1yD ) Wp+Wp ,T/,T/d,*bS ^f T ]T/b`SYd,*bSD * Y1ZT ]\/\+*2bnaq a]TWVd,*O  bSaq T 4 Y\W\/SYSD ıfZq 1Z1`-TyZTabn ]T/+*/n\O  `p2 Y1Z1E T q ]1`1yY*p ^fZTy 1Zbd4T*4YD \WS pZT f`SabSqZS 4,1`b*pbnaq /\ Y1Z1 4* ]\`*O  /\pE q `*/TpE k\ Y\3d hSY\an ^Y /\]\Y\-bSD 59   ) 6>56


˙•)   E  w ı ı ıx wTZ 4YTZq2 h*aS b* ]\`S `\VdE aVS/*2 g*O `T, T Z*ab*Z\,Wq2 g*`T, x L˙D 6B65MD )   ı˙ ı H

)V b,\`S,\ T a]\,Z1ZT ]`\`\gb,* 4*]1,Zqpbn Z*aE k\ -\,* 2 \a]\/*`1Y h*adH

˙\ h\-\ a]\ZdVd2 Z*a da,T/\YW1ZZq b\-\E k\ -\,* P \- wh*ad T ]T`xH

\Yd h*a ,SV\Z*ZZq Z*YT`T, -\,S Z1 4*W13Sbn ,T/ \+ab*,SZ d a,TbT b* Wp/anVSf ]W*ZT,H

˚ ˛˙  /\ ]\q,S Wp/SZS \- -\,* ab,\`S, Z1+1aZT a,TbSW*E qVT /\4,\WqO pbn ,S4Z*h*bS h*aD h1b,1`bSy /1Zn b,\`1ZZq \- aV*4*,B w1f*y +d/dbn a,TbSW* Z* b,1`/T Z1+1aZTy /Wq ,T//TW1ZZq /Zq ,T/ Z\hTE T Z1O f*y ,\ZS ab*Zdbn 4Z*V*YSE T h*a*YS dY\,W1ZSO YSE T /ZqYSE T `\V*YSx LdbD 5B58E 5=E 6:MD a1 b*V T ab*W\aq ,T/]\,T/Z\ /\ ,\WT -\,SD 6  ,bTYE ,h1ZT y /\aT ,1/dbn /1+*bS k\/\ ]`SO  `\/S h*adD )V 4*4Z*h*2bnaq , \/ZTy 1ZgSVW\]1/T^E wh*a P Z*y+TWnj* b*2YZSgq ,a1a,TbdD Tfb\ Z1 Y\31 b\hZ\ aV*4*bSE k\ g1 b*V1xD /Z*V -\,* /\+`1 `\4dYT2 adbZTabn h*adE */31 ,TZ w ,\`1gn  Z1+*DDD \-E k\ 41YWp ,e\`Yd,*, b* ^ ^ ,hSZS,xD 

T+WT^ -\,\`SbnaqE k\ ,TZ w4,Tk*2 VTZ1gn ,T/ ]\O  h*bVdE T Z*]1`1/ P k\ Z1 ab*W\aq k1x Lıa* ^ 89B5<C 8:B5>MD \4-WqZnY\E qV b,\`S,\ T a]\,Z1ZT ]`\O `\gb,* ]\V*4dpbnE k\ -\,* 2 \a]\/*`1Y h*adD 1 \+-\,\`1ZZq 4YTgZSbn Z*jd ,T`d , Zn\-\ T y\O -\ W\,\E T+WTpD

#

  ˛ı(  " ı   ˙ )   7

Y*b1`T*WnZ\Yd a,TbT ,a1 P ,T/ Z*yY1ZjSf *b\YT, /\ ,1WShZSf -*W*VbSV P ]T/]\`q/V\,dO 2bnaq 4*V\Z*Y \-\E fb\ V1`d2 h*a\YD *]`SVW*/E *b\YS ,T+`dpbn 4 Z14YTZZ\p h*ab\b\pD *Y1 h*aO b\b\p V\WS,*ZZq *b\YT, `1-dWppbnaq -\/SZZSO VSE k\ ,S4Z*h*pbn YT3Z*`\/ZSy ab*Z/*`b h*adD T -\/SZZSVS /d31 b\hZTB ]\fS+V* , ZSf ab*Z\O ,Sbn 5 a1VdZ/d Z* <> YTWny\ZT, `\VT,D df ]W*Z1b T 4T`\V b*V\3 hTbV\ ,T/`1-dWn\,*ZSyD ˛*,/qVS 5E 6D ˛,T/VS YS 4Z*2Y\E k\ -\,* `\4dYT2 adbZTabn h*adH 7D \Yd Y\3Z* aV*4*bSE k\ , Y*b1`T*WnZ\Yd a,TbT ,a1 ]T/V\`q2bnaq 4*V\Z*Y \-\E fb\ V1`d2 h*a\YH

5;


 ^fZn\Yd ]\W\31ZZp , Z1+T Wp/S ,SO 4Z*h*pbn ]\`d `\Vd T 4Z*f\/qbn ]`*O ,SWnZSy Z*]`qY\V ]T/ h*a ]\/\`\3TD -\,*E qVSy ab,\`S, T *b\YSE T 4\`TE 2  a1Y\-dbZTY \-\Y T /\ab\yZSy Z*j\^  f,*WSD L `\hSb*yb1 ıa*^ 8>B6:MD 8 a1 , 3S,Ty ]`S`\/T ]T/]\`q/V\O ,*Z1 h*adD ˝Sbb2,Sy gSVW +*-*bn\f `\aWSZ T b,*`SZ `1-dWp2bnaq +T\W\O -ThZSY -\/SZZSV\YD SY*W\ ]b*fT, TZabSZVbS,Z\ 4Z*pbnE V\WS ]\hSZ*bS YT-`*gTp L`1YD <B;MD p/S b13 Y*O pbn ,Zdb`TjZTy -\/SZZSVB d Y13*f 68 -\/SZ Z*j \`-*ZT4Y ,T/hd,*2 4YTO Zd /Zq T Z\hTD )Vk\ Wp/SZ*E ]\/\`\O 3dphS WTb*V\YE ]1`1bZdW* VTWnV* -\O  /SZZSf ]\qaT,E ^y ]\b`T+1Z Z1 \/SZ /1ZnE k\+ ]`Sab\ad,*bSaq /\ Z\,\-\ h*adD ab,\`1Z\Yd \-\Y a,TbT Y\3Z* 4Z*ybS +*-*b\ /\V*4T, Yd/`\abT y aSO WS -\,SE \-* wh*aT, T ]T`xD L `\hSO b*yb1 a*W\Y 5>8B68MD -\,*E qVSy V1`d2 h*a\YE ,a1aSWnZSy T +14Y13Z\ Yd/`SyD \3 ,TZE +14 adYZT,dE 4/*b1Z  ,SV\Z*bS ,aT a,\^ Z*YT`SD

,Tb /\,V\W* Z*a ,T/V`S,*2 wZ1,SO /SYT `SaSx ,\`gqE *W1 Z1 ,T/]\,T/*2 Z* ,*3WS,T ]Sb*ZZqE aV*3TY\ ]`\ b1E k\ Z*a h1V*2 , Y*y+dbZn\Yd LSYD 5B6>MD T/]\,T/n /*2 Z*Y \31 W\O ,\D ˙\aWT/3dphS gp VZS-dE YS 4Z*O f\/SY\ ]`\`\gb,*E qVT a]\,Zqpbnaq , hTbV\ ,S4Z*h1ZSy Y\Y1ZbD -\,* ]\O ,T/\YWq2 Z*YE k\ Y*2 ab*bSan Z1O 4*+*`\YE +\ ,TZ a]`\Y\3ZSy b\hZ\ ]1`1/+*hSbS Y*y+dbZ2D T+WTyZT ]`\O `\gb,* 4/TyaZppbnaq a,\2h*aZ\ k1 y

b\YdE k\ \- -\,* ,T/]\,T/Z\ /\ a,\O -\ Z*YT`d Y\31 a]`ShSZqbS qVTan ]\O  /T^ T ,]WS,*bS Z* b1E V\WS a*Y1 ,\ZS ,T/+d/dbnaqD : -\,* f\h1E k\+ y\-\ ]\VW\ZZSVS `\4dYTWS +T+WTyZT ]`\`\gb,* T Y\-WS h1`]*bS 4 ZSf V\`SabnD \h* , \O -* TZj1 a]`SyZqbbq h*adE ZT3 d WpO /1yE ,TZ a]\,Tk*2 ]`\ h*a Y*y+dbZTf ]\/TyE ,SV\`Sab\,dphS 4`\4dYTWT /Wq Z*a ]\ZqbbqD L `\hSb*yb1 a*W\Y =>B8MD `SYT`\YE VZS-* +Gq,W1ZZq 4-*/d2 ]`\ wh\bS`n\f *Z-1WT,E ]T/-\O  b\,W1ZSf /Wq bT2^ -\/SZSE /ZqE YTaqO gq T `\VdxD *Y 4Z*y\YT gT \/SZSgT h*ad L +Gq,D =B58E 59MD a,T/\YS,jSE k\ ]`\`\gb,* a]\,Zp,*WSan d hTbV\ ,S4Z*h1ZSy Y\Y1ZbE YS ]\-WS+Wp2Y\ a,\p ,T`d , \-* wh*aT, T ]T`x b* , y\-\ W\,\D \4-WqZnY\ VTWnV* ]`SVW*/T,D ; ]1`jd ]\-\,\`TY\ ]`\ b1E k\ ,T/+d,*W\aq , VII ab\WTbbT /\ ZD 1D w˛* h1b,1`b\-\ `\Vd -\qVSY*E aSZ*  •\aT^Z\-\E g*`q (/SZ\-\x -\,*E \aO ]\/*` h*adE ]`\Y\,S, aW\,\ w/\ `1O  YT^ ]`\ ,,1an Z*`\/ (/SZx L`1YD 69B5MD \- ]1`1/`TV a]dab\j1ZZq `dO  a*WSY* T ,S-Z*ZZq 2,`1^, 4 (/SZ\-\ V`*p /\ *,SW\ZdD \ZS Y*WS waWdO 3SbS ,*,SW\ZanV\Yd g*`1,T aTY/1aqb WTbxD :>; `\gT /\ ZD 1D ,*,SW\ZanV1 ,TyanV\ a]`*,/T 4ZSkSW\ `da*WSYE * p/1yanVSy Z*`\/ +d, 4*+`*ZSy d ]\O W\ZD  k\ ab*W\aq h1`14 ;> `\VT,H `1YTq ]`\`\Vd,*,B w *V ]`\Y\,Wq2 \a]\/nB \ a]\,Z1ZZT a1YS/1aqbS WTb *,SW\Zd ) /\ ,*a 4*,Tb*pE T a]`*,O /3d ,\2 /\+`1 aW\,\ ]`\ ,*aE k\+ ,1`ZdbS ,*a /\ gn\-\ YTagqx L`1YD 69B55E 56C 6=B5>MD b\hZ\ ,S4Z*h1ZSy

8D )V b1E k\ 3S,* ]`S`\/* ]T/]\`q/V\,dO 2bnaq h*adE a,T/hSbn ]`\ \3d Yd/`TabnH ‹ 9D *M ˛,T/VS YS /T4Z*2Y\an ]`\ a,\2 Y*yO +dbZ2H +M \Yd -\,* Y\31 ]\,T/\YSbSE k\ Y*2 ab*bSaq , Y*y+dbZn\Yd T V\WS a*Y1H

:D ˛ h\-\ ,S/Z\E k\ -\,* f\h1E *+S YS `\O 4dYTWS +T+WTyZT ]`\`\gb,*H  ;D )V a]\,Z1ZZq ]`\`\gb,* `1YT^ ]`\ `da*WSY b* (/SZ V`*y ]\V*4d2E k\ -\,* 2 \a]\/*`1Y h*adH

 ˚ı  ˛ ˚ •      ˚ )(& ˙ ıG) ˙   9

5<


h*aE , 97; `\gT /\ ZD 1DE YT/qZS b* ]1`O  aS 4,TWnZSWS p/1^, 4 *,SW\ZdE T b*V  4/TyaZSW\an ]`\`\gb,\ `1YT^D < `\*Z*WT4dyY\ TZj1 ]`\`\gb,\E qV1 ab\ad,*W\aq \3\-\ Z*`\/dD ˛*  /,* `\VS /\ b\-\E qV p/1^ ,SyjWS 4 *,SW\ZdE \- h1`14 ]`\`\V* ˙*ZSO  ^W* ]1`1/`TVE k\ ]\,SZ1Z 4Gq,SbSaq 1aTqD ˛-T/Z\ 4 ]`\`\gb,\YE g1 Y*W\ ,T/+dbSaq h1`14 8<7 `\VS ,T/ ,Sf\O /d Z*V*4d ]`\ ,T/+d/\,d `da*WSY*D T/\O]1`anVSy g*` ,S/*, g1y Z*V*4 d 899 `\gT /\ ZD 1D *Y1 h1`14 8<7 `\O VSE , 6= `\gT ZD 1DE ıada 4 *4*`1b* +d, ]\Y*4*ZSy a,qbSY /df\Y ]T/ h*a f`1k1ZZq T b*V ab*, 1aT2p1 L11YD 6B5E 9P<C ˙*ZD =B68E 69C dVS 7B5E 6E 65E 66MD =  b1]1` ]\/S,TY\aqE k\ ,qb1 SanY\ ]1`1/,Tk*2 ]`\ 1aT*ZanV1 *`ab,\D ˛ +T+WTyZSf ]`\`\gb, ,S/O Z\E k\ *`ab,\ Y*W\ +dbS ,ab*Z\,O W1Z1 , Z1+T 5=58 `\VdD *]`SVW*/E  T+WTq -\,\`Sbn ]`\ w\4Z*Vdx ıada\,\^ ]`SadbZ\abTD \31 W\,\ 4*4Z*h*2E k\ , g1y h*a Z* 41YWT Z*ab*Z1 ,1WSO V1 -\`1E \aVTWnVS *b*Z* +d/1 aVSO ZdbSy 4 Z1+* L *b,D 68B7P58C +Gq,D 56B=E 56MD  TZjT ]`\`\gb,* ,V*4dpbn Z* b\hZd /*bd P 5=58 `TVE V\WS Y*WS w4*VTZhSbSaq ,S4Z*h1ZT h*aS /Wq Z*O `\/T,x T *`ab,\ ]\h*W\ ]`*,SbS , Z1O +T LdVS 65B68C ˙*ZD 8B;P58M2D 5> 1,/\,4T ]`Sy/1 w,1WSV1 WSf\xE ]`\ qV1 -\,\`S, ıadaE ]TaWq h\-\ Z*O ab*Z1 Saqh\WTbZ2 g*`p,*ZZq `SaO  1 ˙S,Tbnaq VZS3Vd w˛,*3*yb1 Z* ˙*ZS^W\,1 ]`\`\gb,\IxE aD 5<:P5=9D  2 ˙S,Tbnaq VZS3Vd w˛,*3*yb1 Z* ˙*ZS^W\,1 ]`\`\gb,\IxE aD =8P=;D

 <E =D )V ˙*ZS^W\,T ]`\`\gb,* ab\a\,Z\ ]\O  q,S 1aT^ T ,ab*Z\,W1ZZq *`ab,* , Z1+T /\O ,\/qbnE k\ -\,* 2 \-\Y wh*aT, T ]T`xH  5>D )VT ]\/T^ Z1\/YTZZ\ ,T/+d/dbnaq , b\hO Z\ ,S4Z*h1ZSy h*aH 59   ) 6>56

 ˙*ZS^W ,T`S, d a]\,Z1ZZq \3Sf ]`\`\gb,

b*D 14 adYZT,dE ,a1 g1 ,T/+d/1bnaq d a,Ty h*aD \WS ıada 3S, Z* 41YWTE /1Zn T -\/SZ* gSf ]\/Ty +dWS ,31 ,SO 4Z*h1ZT \-\Y L *b,D 68B65E 7:C +Gq,D 6>B:MD w) • ı"˚    •˚  x 55

S da,T/\YWp2Y\E k\ 3S,1Y\ , wh*a VTZgqx T *`ab,\ ,31 ]`*O ,Sbn L˙*ZD 56B8MD )V g1 Y*2 ,]WS,*O bS Z* Z*aH *-*b\ Wp/1y ]\YTh*pbnE Z*aVTWnVS ]\-T`jdpbnaq \+ab*,SZS Z* 41YWTE *W1 Z1 ,S4Z*pbnE k\ b*V a]\,Zppbnaq ]`\`\gb,* ]`\ \ab*ZZT /ZTD ˙1fb\ `\4dYT2E k\ aSbd*gTq d a,TO bT Y\31 W1-V\ ,SybS 4 ]T/ V\Zb`\O WpD ıZjT 3 ,T`qbnE k\ Wp/ab,\ /\aq-O Z1 wYS`d T +14]1VSx L5 1aD 9B7MD S YS ]*YGqb*2Y\E k\ 3S,1Y\ Z*]`SVTZO gT \ab*ZZTf /ZT, a,Tbd *b*ZSH )VO k\ b*VE b\ +d/1Y\ ]`Sa,qhd,*bS h*a 55D ˙\ h\-\ Z*a Y*2 a]\ZdVd,*bS `\4dYTZO Zq b\-\E k\ YS 3S,1Y\ , \ab*ZZT /ZTH

5=


aWd3TZZp \-\,TE qVSy V1`d2 wh*a*YS T ]\`*YSxE b* /\]\Y*-*bSY1Y\ Wp/qY ]T4Z*,*bS y\-\ L6 SYD 7B5MD S ]\O ,SZZT Yd/`\ ,SV\`Sab\,d,*bS ]\4\O ab*WSy h*aD L `\hSb*yb1 ˚e1aqZ 9B59P5;MD 56 1W1-V\ wqVZ*yWT]j1 ,SV\`Sab\O ,d,*bS h*ax d a,TbTE /1 +14WTh a]`*, ]\O -WSZ*2 Z*jd d,*-dD w)V +dW\ 4* /ZT, \qEP ]1`1ab1`T-*, ıadaEP b*V +d/1 T ]T/ h*a ]`SadbZ\abT SZ* Wp/anV\O -\xD  qV +dW\ 4* /ZT, \qH * b\-\h*aO ZSy a,Tb Z*ad,*W\aq 4ZSk1ZZqD \]1`1/`TVE k\ 4WT Wp/S 4*-SZdbn ]T/ h*a ,a1a,TbZn\-\ ]\b\]dD 1`1/ ]\b\O ]\Y \yE w]`\]\,T/ZSV ]`*,1/Z\abTxE `1,Z\ /\Z\aS, Wp/qY \3d 4,TabVd L *b,D 68B7;C 6 1bD 6B9MD W1 ,\ZS  w^WSE ]SWSE 31ZSWSaq y ,Sf\/SWS 4*O YT3DDD T Z1 4,1`b*WS d,*-SE ]\VS Z1  ]`Syj\, ]\b\] b* Z1 4YT, ^f daTfxD \O  Yd ıada ]\]1`1/S, a,\^f dhZT,B wd/nb1 -\b\,TE */31 SZ Wp/anVSy ]`Sy/1 \ bTy -\/SZTE ]`\ V\b`d Z1 /dY*2b1x L *b,D 68B7<E 7=E 88MD *Y ,*`b\ Z*O aWT/d,*bS ]`SVW*/ \qE * Z1 y\-\ adO h*aZSVT,D #\ /\]\Y\31 Z*Y w+dbS -\O b\,SYSxH 57 \h* YS Z1 4Z*2Y\E V\WS a*Y1 ]`Sy/1 SZ Wp/anVSyE Z*Y aWT/ ]*O YGqb*bSE k\ -\,* 2 \a]\/*`1Y h*adD *a ,SV\Z*ZZq Z*YT`T, -\,S Z1 4*W1O 3Sbn ,T/ \+ab*,SZ d a,TbT b* Wp/anO  VSf ]W*ZT,D ˛*/Wq 4/TyaZ1ZZq a,\2^ ,\WT -\,* V1`d2 h*a\Y T ]1`1+T-\Y  ]\/TyD L`\hSb*yb1 ˙*ZS^W* 6B65MD

`S]\,Tab1y 65B5 aV*4*Z\B w\/ZT ]\b\VS P g*`1,1 g1 a1`g1 , \a]\/ZTy `dgTB Vd/S bTWnVS 4*f\h1E y\-\ TZ aV1O `\,d2xD 56D \-\ YS ,hSY\aq 4 ıada\,Sf aWT, ]`\ /ZT \qH 57E 58D #\ Z*Y aWT/ ]*YGqb*bSE h1V*phS ]`Sf\/d SZ* Wp/anV\-\E T qV g1 /\]\Y*-*2 Z*Y ,T`Z\ aWd3SbS \-\,TH

6>

 -\,* Y\31 ,]WS,*bS Z* ]\/T^ /Wq b\-\E k\+ a]\,ZSbS a,Ty Z*O YT` d ,S4Z*h1ZSy h*aD a,TbT ,T/+dO ,*2bnaq hSY*W\ ,*3WS,Sf 4YTZE qVT ,]WS,*pbn Z* 4/TyaZ1ZZq +T+WTyZSf ]`\`\gb,E 4\V`1Y* ]`\ ]\,ap/Z1 ]`\O  ]\,T/d,*ZZq /\+`\^ Z\,SZS ]`\ \O 31 *`ab,\D ˛-*/*yY\ /Wq ]`SVW*/dE qV `\4]*,aq */qZanVSy \p4D *W\ fb\ YT- ]\/dY*bSE k\ b*VT -`*Z/T\4O ZT ]\WTbShZT 4YTZS Y\3dbn ab*bSaq  Z*abTWnVS j,S/V\D Z*aWT/\V gT2^ ]\O  /T^ /\+`d Z\,SZd b1]1` ]`\]\,T/dpbn  d +*-*bn\f V`* ^Z*fE /1 V\WSan Z*j* ]`*gq +dW* 4*+\`\Z1Z*D \3 qVZ*yO WT]j1 ,SV\`Sab\,dyY\ h*a T ]`\/\,O 3dyY\ ,T`Z\ aWd3SbS -\,TE \-\,T wh*aT, T ]T`xD 58

˙ ı)•  ıE ) •    ı•  ı   59

#\+ T /*WT 4 ,Sb`S,*WTabp Z1abS 4,TabVd ]`\ *`ab,\E Z*Y b`1+* ,TO `SbSE k\ d ,S4Z*h1ZSy h*a \- Z1O \/YTZZ\ ,SV\Z*2 a,Ty Z*YT`D Sbd*gTq d a,TbT Y\31 ,SY*-*bSE k\+ YS 4YTO  Zp,*WS a,\^ Y1b\/S ]`\]\,T/d,*ZZqD ıZ\/T Z*j* \`-*ZT4*gTq `\+Sbn ]1,ZT Z\,\,,1/1ZZqE k\+ YS /\aq-*WS V`*O kSf `14dWnb*bT, d aWd3TZZTD )Vk\ YS ]`Sab\a\,d2Y\aq /\ b*VSf 4YTZ T ,T`Z\ aWd3SY\ ]T/ Z*-Wq/\Y \3\-\ SZ*E w-\W\,S 4+\`dxE b\ gSY ,Sq,Wq2Y\ ,T`d , \-* wh*aT, T ]T`x L˚e1aqZ 9B67MD 5: -\,* f\h1E k\+ YS ,TWnZ\ 4,1`O b*WSan /\ Zn\-\E wV\WS Z*Y ]\b`T+Z* +d/1 /\]\Y\-*xE * b*V\3 +dWS gTWV\,SO b\ ,]1,Z1ZTE k\ ,TZ \+\,Gq4V\,\ Z*a ]T/b`SY*2 L,`D 8B5:MD T+* g1 Z1 a,T/O hSbn ]`\ y\-\ kS`d bd`+\bd ]`\ V\3O Z\-\ 4 Z*aH L *b,D :B<C 5>B6=P75MD S 59D )V YS Y\31Y\ ,Sq,SbS ,T`dE V\WS \`-*O ZT4*gTq 4*]`\,*/3d2 ]1,ZT 4YTZSH 5:D \Yd YS ,]1,Z1ZTE k\ -\,* , Z1\+fT/O ZSy Y\Y1Zb ]`Sy/1 Z*Y Z* /\]\Y\-dH


,Sq,Wq2Y\ ,T`d , \-* -\,dE qVk\ `1O -dWq`Z\ ]`\aSY\ , Zn\-\ /\]\Y\-SE  * b\/T /T2Y\ 4-T/Z\ 4T a,\^YS Y\WSb,*O YS T y\-\ ]\`*/*YSD ˙\ b\-\ 3 Z1 4*O +d,*yY\ Y\WSbSan ]`\ Z*jSf +`*bT, T a1ab1`D 5; n\-\/ZT Z1 h*a ,*-*bSanD *b\O YTabn YS ]\,SZZT w4YTgZqbSaq 4*,/qO  VS a,\^y ,T`TxE k\+ ,SV\Zd,*bS ,\Wp -\,S LSYD 8B6>MD \3T ,\`\-S P *b*Z* T y\-\ ]`S+ThZSVS P Z*Y*O -*pbnaq 4d]SZSbS ]`*gpE qVd ıada  /\`dhS, a,\^Y ]\aWT/\,ZSV*Y L *b,D 6<B5=E 6>MD ˙Sq,\W Z*]*/*2 Z* Z*aE *W1 YS ]\VW*/*2Y\an wZ* \-* 3S,\O -\E ]*aSb1Wq ,aTWqVSf Wp/1yE \a\+O WS,\ ,T`ZSfxD TZ w4Z*2E qV ,S4,\WSO bS 4 ,S]`\+d,*ZZq ]\+\3ZSf Wp/1yx L5 SYD 8B5>C 6 1bD 6B=MD 5< V\`\ -\,* ]\VW*/1 V`*y gn\Yd +14+\3Z\Yd a,Tb\,TD *Y Z1 ,T/\Y\E qV a*Y1 T V\WS g1 ab*Z1bnaqE \/Z*V YS ]1O `1V\Z*ZTB d ,T/]\,T/ZSy h*a `Sab\a Z1\/YTZZ\ 4ZSkSbn \3Sf ]`\bS,ZSO ‹ VT,D \/T V\31Z /T4Z*2bnaqE k\ bTWnVS -\,* Y*2 ]`*,\ ]*Zd,*bS d a1a,TbTD b31E +dW\ + ,V`*y Z1Yd/`\ 4*+d,*bSE , qVT wh*aS T ]\`Sx YS 3S,1Y\D TO V\WS Z1 /\]daV*yY\ /dYVSE k\ wda1 4*WSj*2bnaq b*V a*Y\E qV +dW\ ,T/ ]\h*bVd b,\`TZZqx L5 1aD 9B5C 6 1bD 7B7E 8MD

/TWE k\ \- dhSZS,E ,T/ ]\h*bVd b* *3 /\ VTZgqxD 6>

)V 31 hd/\,\E k\ -\,* Z1 ,T/Y\O ,S,aq ,T/ a,\-\ Z*YT`dI L *WD 7B:MD \w*ZTb`\fS Z1 4YTZp2bnaqE qV g1 +d,*2 4 YTZWS,\p bTZZpx L)VD 5B5;MD TZn 4YTO Zp2bnaq ,Z*aWT/\V \+1`b*ZZq ˛1YWTE *W1 Z*j ,\`1gn Z1 ]T/,W*/ZSy h*adD TZ w*` ,ThZ\abTx L5 SYD 5B5;MD \O Yd wb1`]1WS,\ h1V*yY\ \-* Z*j\O -\ a]*aTZZqx L SfD ;B;E MD wd/nb1 aSWnZTE T f*y +d/1 YTgZ1 ,*j1 a1`g1E daTE fb\ Z*/Tp ]\VW*/*2 Z* \a]\/*Ix LaD 75B69MD

S bS Yd/`\ ,SV\`Sab\,d2j h*aE k\+ ,SV\Zd,*bS ,\Wp -\,SH

˚˚

˚ •    5=

\WS -\,* ab,\`S, Wp/1yE ,TZ Y*, Z*YT`E k\+ ,\ZS 3SWS ,ThZ\ T +14 VTZgq /T4Z*,*WSan ]`\ Zn\-\ b* y\O -\ ]`1V`*aZ1 b,\`S,\D  ˚VVW14TqaO b* 7B55 Z*]Sa*Z\B w a1 TZ ]`1-*`ZSY  4`\+S, a,\-\ h*adE T ,ThZTabn ]\VW*, ^Y d a1`g1E f\h Z1 `\4dYT2 Wp/SZ* bSf 5;E 5<D *M #\ -\,* Z14*+*`\Y 4`\+Sbn 4T  a,\^YS ,\`\-*YSH +M \-\ Z*Y ,*`b\ \ab1`TO -*bSanH 5=E 6>D \Yd Z*Y aWT/ b1`]1WS,\ h1V*bS Z* -\,dH

59   ) 6>56

65


 qV\Yd `\4dYTZZT w /\`\-* , \h*f \a]\/* x aY1`bn y\-\ ,T//*ZSf aWd3Sb1WT,H ˇ a*WY\a]T,1gn ]T/ Z*bfZ1ZZqY aV*4*,B w˙\`\-* , \h*f \a]\/* aY1`bn +\-\+TyZSf •\-\x LaD 55:B59MD -\,* Z*/4,Sh*yZ\ gTO Zd2 3Sbbq V\3Z\-\ a,\-\ ]\VW\ZZSV*D W1 aW\,* 4T 55:O-\ a*WY* ,V*4dpbn Z* k\an  +TWnj1E ZT3 aY1`bn \/ZT2^ \a\+SD

]\f\`\ZZTy ]`\Y\,T +dW\ + Z1/\`1hZ\ 4*ab\a\,d,*bS a*W\Y 55:B59 /\ ]\Y1`W\-\ f`SabSqZSZ*E Z*,Tbn qVk\ ,TZ ,T//*Z\ aWdO  3S, -\,T /\ a*Y\^ aY1`bTD \YdH \Yd k\ aW\,* ]a*WY\]SanY1ZZSV* Y*pbn jS`j1 4Z*h1ZZqD gn\Yd ,T`jT y/1bnaq ]`\ b1E k\ /Wq \-* y\-\ ,T//*ZT aWd3Sb1WT /d31  gTZZT qV -`d]* T ,TZ ,,*3*2 aY1`bn ^f daTf Z*/b\ ,1WSV\p ,b`*b\pD L˙S,Tbnaq a*W\Y ;6B58C 55:B<MD a*W\Y 55:B59 4*]1,Zq2 Z*aE k\ -\,* Z1 /\]dabSbnE *+S ,aT y\-\ ,T//*ZT ]\VW\ZZSO VS 4ZSVWS 4 WSgq 41YWTD dh*aZ* Tab\`Tq ,T/VT, -\,SE qVT ]1`13SWS ad,\`T ,S]`\O +d,*ZZq b* ]1`1aWT/d,*ZZqE hTbV\ /\,\O /SbnE k\ \- ZTV\WS Z1 /\4,\WSbn Z*a 4ZSO kSbSD aVTWnVS -\,* Y*2 +14Y13Zd aSWd T Z1O 4YTZZSy Z*YT`E y\-\ aWd3Sb1WT qV -`d]* Z1 ]1`1ab*Zdbn TaZd,*bSD )V+S \- /\]daO bS, 4ZSk1ZZq a,\-\ Z*`\/dE b\ y\-\ ,\O `\-S ,Sq,SWSaq + aSWnZTjSYS ,T/ Zn\-\E * g1 Z1Y\3WS,\D *V\3 Z1 a]\,ZS,aq + Z*O YT` -\,SE qVSy ]\Wq-*2 , b\YdE k\+ dap 41YWp 4*a1WqWS y\-\ ,T//*ZT ]\VW\ZZSVSD /Z*V Z*YT`S -\,S 4*,3/S ,SV\ZdpbnO  aq Lıa*^ 89B5<C 99B5>E 55MD )V+S Z1 4*WSO jSW\an 3\/Z\-\ aWd3Sb1Wq -\,SE , 41YO ZSf ]\/,T`Gqf y\-\ ,1WShZ\-\ /df\,Z\-\ f`*Yd ]`S]SZSW\aq + a,qk1ZZ1 aWd3TZZqD

66

 1 +dW\ + \aZ\,S /Wq wZ\,\^ 41YWTx P ]`*O ,1/Z\-\ Wp/anV\-\ ada]TWnab,*E Z*/ qVSY ]`*,SW\ + wZ\,1 Z1+\x L +Gq,D 65B5MD  +14 41YZSf ]T//*ZSf Z1 Z*ab*W\ + Saqh\WTbZ2 ]`*,WTZZq `Sab* L +Gq,D 6>B8E 9MD )V+S -\,* /\4,\WS, ,\`\-*Y ab1`bS 4 WSgq 41YWT ,1an a,Ty Z*`\/E b\ •\-\ ab*O Z\,Sk1 T /\+`1 TYGq +dW\ +S ]\ab*,W1Z1 ]T/ adYZT,D 1]db*gTq -\,S qV W*/SVS a1a,Tbd +dW* + 4*]WqY\,*Z*D `\b1 4 ]\O j*ZS /\ a1+1 a*Y\-\ T /\ a,\-\ a,qb\-\ TY1ZT -\,* Z1 /\]dabSbn aY1`bT ,aTf ,T/O /*ZSf aWd3Sb1WT,D \- 4*,3/S \+1`T-*bSO  Y1 ^f qV -`d]dE */31 ,TZ wa]`*,1/WS,Sy

\- ZTV\WS Z1 /\4,\WSbn 4ZSkSbS a,Ty Z*`\/ T ]`*,1/ZSyx L\,bD 76B8C dbD 5<B69MD ıZ*VO j1 Z1 ,SV\Z*W\aq + 4*]Sa*Z1 , \3\Yd W\,TB w\a]\/n Z1 ]\WSjSbn Z*`\/d ,\O -\ `*/S ,\-\ ,1WSV\-\ •Y1ZZqx L5 *YD 56B66MD ˙TyaZ\E w\a]\/n Z1 \]dabSbn Z*`\O /d ,\-\E * a]*/Vd ,\-\ Z1 ]\WSjSbnx LaD =8B58MD )V 31 ]T/+*/n\`p2 b1E k\ Z*`\/ -\,S ZTV\WS Z1 4ZSVZ1I \3 /\VW*/*yY\ 4daSWnE k\+ 4*WSj*bSaq ,T//*ZSYS \-dD Z*a 2 ,aT ]T/ab*,S /\,T`qbS y\-\ \+TgqZgTB w˝\/O Z* 4+`\qE k\ 4`\+W1Z* +d/1 Z* b1+1E Z1 Y*O bSY1 da]TfdE T V\3ZTaTZnV\-\ q4SV*E qVSy ab*Z1 4 b\+\p /\ ad/dE \ad/SjD 1 a]*/kSO  Z* \a]\/ZTf `*+T,E * ^fZ2 \]`*,/*ZZq ,T/  1Z1x Lıa*^ 98B5;MD 59   ) 6>56


   ı˙ ˝ "    H wSDDD Z1Y\, /41`V*W* ,T/\+`*3*2Y\ aW*,d -\,S x L6  D 7B5<MD )  ı˙ ı

H

)V YS Y\31Y\ ]`\aW*,WqbS -\,dE Z14,*3*phS Z* a,\p Z1/\aV\Z*WTabnH

)VSY hSZ\Y Y\WSb,S T f`SabSqZanVT 4T+`*ZZq /\]\Y*-*pbn Z*Y ,T/\+`*3*bS aW*,d -\,SH

˛*,/qVS h\Yd YS 4*,3/S ]`\aW*,WqbSY1Y\ \-*H

 ˝ Wp/SZ* hSY\an ]\/T+Z* /\ a,\^f +*bnVT,D 1`T/V\ YS ]\hd2Y\E qV fW\]O hSV\,T V*3dbnB w S V\]Tq a,\-\ +*bnV*xE * /T,hSZgTB w S b*V af\3* Z* a,\p Y*YdIx ˙TbS h*ab\ Z*aWT/dpbn ]`SVW*/ +*bnVT,D  hS Y\31Y\ YS Z*aWT/d,*bS -\,dE Z*j\-\ Z1+1aZ\-\ *bnO V*H \h* YS ZTV\WS y\-\ Z1 +*hSWSE YS ]\YTh*2O Y\ y\-\ `SaSE V\WS a]\ab1`T-*2Y\ 4* b,\`S,\YE ,S,h*2Y\ T+WTp T `\4/dYd2Y\ Z*/ ]`\hSb*ZSYE \a\+WS,\ Z*/ aW\,*YS T ,hSZV*YS y\-\ SZ*E ıada* `Sab* Lı,D 5B5<C SYD 5B6>MD 1 /\]\Y*-*2 Z*Y ,T/\+`*3*bS aW*,d -\,SD 6 1`1/ bSY qV ab,\`SbS /*Y* T ,dE \- +d, ,]1,Z1ZSyE k\ Wp/S 4Y\3dbn hSZSbS y\-\ ,\O WpE Z*aWT/d,*bS y\-\ `SaS T Z1abS y\Yd aW*,dD L`\hSb*yb1 dbbq 5B6:E 6;MD SE qV aWd3SO b1WT \-*E f\h1Y\ ,T//41`V*Wp,*bS \a\+SabTabn Z*j\-\ ,\`gqE */31 g1 Z*/4,Sh*yZ* h1abnD *Y ]T/ aSWd ,T/\+`*3*bS aW*,d -\,SE f\h +S qVSY +dW\ Z*j1 ]\f\/31ZZq hS \a,Tb*D \YdH

\Yd k\ w\- /TyaZ\ Z1d]1`1/31ZSy T , V\3Z\Yd  Z*`\/T y\Yd /\ ,]\/\+S b\yE fb\ +\^bnaq y\-\ b*  hSZSbn ]`*,1/ZTabnx L˙T^ 5>B78E 79MD 7 \Y*4*ZT f`SabSqZS ,T//41`V*Wppbn aW*,d -\,SD ]\ab\W *,W\E qVSy +d, \/ZSY 4 ZSfE Z*]Sa*,B waT YS 4 Z14*V`SbSYS \+WShhqYSE Z1O Y\, /41`V*W* ,T/\+`*3*phS aW*,d -\,SE ]1`1O YTZp2Y\an b* Z*+d,*2Y\ b*V\-\ a*Y\-\E hSY`*4 ‹ aW*,1bZTj\-\E \+`*4dx L6 \`D 7B5<MD \WS ]`\O `\V \ya1y 4Tyj\, 4 -\`S TZ*yE Z1adhS b*+WSO gT 4 ˙1aqbnY* 4*]\,T/qYSE y\-\ \+WShhq aqqW\E +\ 4 ZSY -\,\`S, -\,* LSfD 78B6=E 7>MD ˛,Sh*yO Z\E 4 f`SabSqZ*YS b*V1 ZTV\WS Z1 ab*,*W\aqE *W1

5E 6D \Yd Z*Y ]T/ aSWd ,T/\+`*3*bS `SaS -\,SH 7D #\ ,T/hd,*pbn f`SabSqZSE aWd3*hS -\,TH

67


 ^fZT \+WShhq ,S]`\YTZppbn `*/TabnE V\WS ,\ZS `\4]\,T/*pbn Wp/qY ]`\ -\,dE y\-\ `SaS T hd/\,Sy Z*YT` k\O /\ 41YWTD \/T+Z\ /\ ab*`\/*,ZTf ,T/O jWTe\,*ZSf /41`V*WE ]\Y*4*ZgT b* TZjT ,T,gT ,T/\+`*3*pbn aW*,d -\,S d a,\2Yd 3SbbT y aWd3TZZT L6 \`D 8B5MD S bS ,T//41`V*Wp2j aW*,d -\O ,S ]`*,1/Z\p ]\,1/TZV\p T `1-dWq`O Z\p dh*abp , ]`*gT ]`\]\,T/d,*ZZqH   ˚ ı˙  ˝ 

  

8

d/dhS aWd3Sb1WqYS -\,SE YSE +14adYZT,Z\E ]`*-Z1Y\ 4*,3/S Z1abS h1abn T aW*,d Z*j\Yd ,\`gpD W1 TZ\/T , Z*a Z1 ,Sf\/Sbn `\+SbS b1E h\O -\ YS f\h1Y\D *,Wd \a\+Sab\ /\,\O /SW\an +\`\bSaq 4 gT2p ]`\+W1Y\pD L`\hSb*yb1 SYWqZ ;B65P69MD TZ ]\qaZS,E h\Yd YS ,1/1Y\ b*Vd +\O `\bn+dB waT Wp/S 4-`TjSWS y Z1 Y\O 3dbn ,T//41`V*Wp,*bS \3d aW*,dx LSYD 7B67MD ]`*,/TE da]*/Vd,*,jS Z1/\aV\Z*WTabn ,T/ /*Y*E Wp/S ab*O WS ]T//*ZSYS g*`qE Z* TYGq `Tf LSYD 9B56C :B56MD 9  k\ b*V1 -`TfH 1 ,a1E k\ ad]1O `1hSbn \a\+Sab\abT -\,SE y\-\ ]\O -Wq/*YE Z\`Y*Y T ,\WTD `Tf 4T]ad,*, ab\adZVS Wp/1y 4 \-\YD 1`14 -`Tf YS Z1 /\aq-*2Y\ Y1bSE Z1Y\, WdhO ZSVE qVSy ,S]daV*2 ab`TWdE *W1 Z1 ]\O ]*/*2 , gTWnD S -`TjSY\ a,T/\Y\ *+\ Z1a,T/\Y\ LSaD 59B6;P75MD `Tf -WS+\V\ ,V\`1ZS,aq , Wp/anVTy Z*bdO `T T ab,\`p2 +*`G2` YT3 Wp/SZ\p b*   ^^ ,\`g1Y LaD 95B;C ıa* ^ 9=B6C \WD 5B65MD p/ab,\ , gTW\Yd ,T/\V`1YSO  W\an ,T/ \-* T Z1 ,T//41`V*Wp2 \3\^ aW*,SD 14dY\,Z\E -`Tf P Z*yab`*jO ZTj* f,\`\+*E qV* ,`*3*2 Wp/1yD 8E 9D *M )Vd +\`\bn+d ,1/1 V\31Z 4 Z*aE ]\O /T+Z\ /\ *,W*H +M )V -`Tf ,]WS,*2 Z* WpO /1yH

68

:

\h* YS -`TjZTE -\,* 2 /Wq Z*a  w/31`1W\Y Z*/T^x LSYD 59B57MD TZ ,T/O /*, ıada* `Sab* qV ,SVd]Zd 31`b,d T b*V dY\3WS,S, Z*j1 4,TWnZ1ZZq ,T/ -`Tf*D Sq,WqphS ,T`d , gp 31`b,dE YS ]1`1ab*2Y\ +dbS w`*+*YS -`Tf*x T a]`\Y\3ZT ,T/\+`*3*bS \3d aW*O ,d LSYD 9B5=C :B:C ı,D 7B5:MD ˛*,/qVS af,*W1ZZp ,T/ -\,S YS Y*2Y\ +W*O -\aW\,1ZZq ,31 b1]1`E * , Y*y+dbO Zn\Yd \b`SY*2Y\ /\aV\Z*WTabn T ,ThO Z1 3SbbqD )V* 3 ,1WSV* h1abnE k\ \- ,,*3*2 Z*aE -`TjZSf Wp/1yE -T/O ZSYS ,T//41`V*Wp,*bS y\-\ aW*,dI ) ı˙  ˝   ˝   ;

)Vk\ YS f\h1Y\ Z*W13ZSY hSO Z\Y ,T/\+`*3*bS \3d aW*,dE Z*Y  aWT/ h1aZ\ ,S4Z*,*bS a,\^ -`TjZT Z*O fSWS L6 `D :B7:MD #\+ ]`\aW*,WqbS \-*E daTY Z*Y Z1\+fT/Z\ da,T/\YWpO  ,*bS a,\^ aW*+V\abT T +\`\bSaq 4 ZSO YSD `SYT`\YE qVk\ YS ]T//*WSan a]\VdaT ]1`1-WqZdbS ]\`Z\-`*eTpE YS ]\,SZZT `\4dYTbSE k\ ,hSZSWS -*Z1+ZSy -`Tf T ]\b`1+d2Y\ /df\,O  Z\^ /\]\Y\-SE * b\/T 4,1`ZdbSan /\ ab*`TyjSZ L)VD 9B58E 59MD 1 ]1`jSy V`\VE qVSy YS Y*2Y\ 4`\+SbSE *+S Z1abS h1abn \-\,TD *YE ]\VW\ZZSO V*Y -\,SE ,*`b\ ]\abTyZ\ ]1`1,T`qO bS a1+1E hS YS 3S,1Y\ 4-T/Z\ 4 y\-\ ]`*,1/ZSYS Z\`Y*YS L`S]D 6<B5<C 5 \`D 5>B56MD \h +S qVT , Z*a +dO WS -`TjZT afSWnZ\abTE Z*Y b`1+* 4*O  -Zd4/d,*bS ^fE k\+ ,T/\+`*3*bS \O 3d aW*,dD < ˛O]\YT3 Wp/1y bTWnVS ıada , dan\O Yd /\-\/3*, \-\,T T /\aV\Z*W\ ,T/O :D ˛*,/qVS h\Yd YSE Z1/\aV\Z*WT Wp/SE Y\O 31Y\ ]`\aW*,WqbS -\,dH ;D #\ Z*Y b`1+* /\+`1 da,T/\YWp,*bSE *+S ,T/\+`*3*bS \3d aW*,dH <D #\ Z*Y ]T/ aSWd `\+SbSE Z14,*3*phS Z* Z*jd Z1/\aV\Z*WTabnH


/41`V*Wp,*, y\-\ aW*,dD * ,T/YTZd ,T/ ıada*E YS Z1/\aV\Z*WTD a1 3 YS Y\31Y\ T ]\,SZZT Z*aWT/d,*bS y\-\ ]`SVW*/ L5 1bD 6B65MD -\,* ]\YTO h*2 4daSWWqE qVSf YS /\VW*/*2Y\E +*O hSbn Z*j /df\,ZSy ]\abd] T +W*-\O aW\,Wq2 Z*jT Z*]\W1-WS,T ab*`*ZZq ,T/\+`*3*bS y\-\ aW*,dD = W\,\ -\,SE T+WTqE /\]\Y*-*2 Z*Y ]\+*hSbSE , h\Yd b`1+* ]\O V`*kSbSanD \3 Z1\+fT/Z\ -WS+\V\ ,S,h*bS ,qb1 SanY\ T `\4/dYdO ,*bS Z*/ ZSY LaD 5B5P7MD ˛*,/qO  VS k\/1ZZ\Yd hSb*ZZp T+WT^ YS +d/1Y\ ,/\aV\Z*Wp,*bSaqD L`\hSO b*yb1 )V\,* 5B66P69MD T+WTyZT 4Z*ZZq 4YTgZppbn Z*jd ,T`d T `TjdO hTabn dZSV*bS a1`y\4ZSf -`TfT, b* /\O -\/3*bS -\,T LaD 55=B55E 8;E 8<MD 5> #\+ ,T//41`V*Wp,*bS aW*,d \O -*E Z*Y b*V\3 Z1\+fT/Z\ w]1`1+d,*O bS , Y\WSb,Tx LSYD 56B56MD S ]\O ,SZZT Y\WSbSaqE k\+ -\,* /\]\YTZ*Y Z*W13ZSY hSZ\Y y\Yd ]\VW\O ZqbSanD `\aTY\ , Zn\-\ a,qb\-\  /dfdE YTgZTj\^ ,T`SE aSWS \]S`*bSO aq a]\Vda*Y T ,YTZZq w]`*,SWnZ\ ]\O aWd-\,d2bnaq aW\,\Y ]`*,/Sx L6 SYD 6B59C *b,D :B57C dVS 55B57C 5;B9MD

*V a*Y\ qV /SbSZ* Z1 Y\31 \+TybSan  +14 +*bnVT,anV\^ \]TVSE Z*Y Z1 \+TO ybSan +14 ]T/b`SYVS -\,SE Z*j\-\ Z1+1aZ\-\ *bnV*D )Vk\ YS ]`\aSY\E k\+ \- /\]\YT- Z*Y k1 ]\,ZTj\p YT`\p aWd3SbS y\YdE b\ +d/nY\ ,]1,O Z1ZTB ,TZ \+\,Gq4V\,\ g1 4`\+SbnD TO V\WS Z1 aWT/ /dY*bSE k\ YS /\VdO h*2Y\ y\YdD 1aTY\ , Y\WSb,T f,*Wd \-\,TE /qVdyY\ y\YdE jdV*yY\ y\-\ V1`T,ZSgb,*E \a\+WS,\ , h*a ,S]`\O +d,*ZnD W*-*yY\ -\,dE k\+ ZThSY

Z1 \aV,1`ZSbS y\-\ a,qb\-\ TY1ZT LaD <:B56C )VD 5B9P;MD 55 \- /\`dhS, w,T`Z\Yd T `\4ad/WSO ,\Yd `*+dx ]TVWd,*bSaq ]`\ y\-\ /\O `\-\gTZZSf \,1gn L *b,D 68B89P8;C aD 5>>B7MD T`ZSy `*+ f\h1E k\+ YS ,T/\+`*3*WS aW*,d -\,SD 1`14 4T+`*ZZq +`*bS Z*,h*pbn Z*a ,/\aO  V\Z*Wp,*bS a,\^ f`SabSqZanVT `SaSE ]\/T+Z\ qV V`*,1gn ]1`1`\+Wq2 Z*j \/q-E k\+ YS V`*k1 , Zn\Yd ,S-Wq/*O WS L,`D 5>B68E 69MD \Yd ]`Sf\/nY\ Z* 4T+`*ZZq ,h*aZ\D )Vk\ YS Y*2O Y\ 4,ShVd 4*]T4Zp,*bSaqE b\ Y\31Y\ d]dabSbS qVTan ,*3WS,T /dYVSE Z1O \+fT/ZT a*Y1 /Wq Z*aD

=D )V T+WTq /\]\Y*-*2 f`SabSqZ*Y ,T/]\O ,T/*bS \3SY ,SY\-*YH

56D #\ Z1\+fT/Z\ `\+SbSE *+S Z*aWT/d,*bS \-*H

5>D )V 4*,/qVS Y\WSb,T YS Y\31Y\ k1 ]\,O ZTj\p YT`\p aWd3SbS -\,TH

57D \Yd Z*Y b`1+* Z1Z*,S/TbS -`Tf T qV YS ]\V*31Y\E k\ Z1Z*,S/SY\ y\-\H

59   ) 6>56

  ı˙•   56

˙Wq b\-\ k\+ ,T//41`V*Wp,*bS aW*,d -\,SE Z1\+fT/Z\ wZ*aWT/d,*bS \-*x L˚eD 9B5MD *]`SVW*/E YS +dO /1Y\ Z*aWT/d,*bS -\,dE V\WS ]1`1O yY*bSY1Y\ y\-\ ]\-Wq/ Z* bT hS TZjT ]Sb*ZZqD )Vk\ YS V1`d2Y\an d 3SbO bT ,W*aZSYS ]\-Wq/*YSE b\ Y\31Y\ 4Z1aW*,Wp,*bS \-* T 4*,/*,*bS a\+T jV\/SD aVTWnVS a,Tb /\,V\W* Z*a ]1O `1+d,*2 ]T/ ,]WS,\Y ˛W\-\E *b*ZS ˙Sq,\W*E YS YdaSY\ gTWSY a1`g1Y Z1Z*,S/TbS b1E k\ Z1Z*,S/Sbn -\,*E T -WS+\V\ Wp+SbS b1E k\ ,TZ Wp+Sbn LaD =;B5>C 5 ı,D 9B5=MD Z*a Z1 Y*2 +dO bS 3\/Z\-\ adYZT,dE k\ 2/SZSy ]`*O ,SWnZSy a]\aT+ aWd3SbS -\,T P g1 `\+SbS ,a1 Z* \3d aW*,dD L`\hSO b*yb1 5 \`SZeqZ 5>B75MD 57 -\,* Z1Z*,S/Sbn -`TfE b\3 YS Y*2Y\ ,T/hd,*bS b1 a*Y1D WT/ b`SO Y*bSan ,T/ -`Tf* qV\Y\-* /*WT y 55D )VSY hSZ\Y 4T+`*ZZq /\]\Y*-*pbn Z*Y ,T//41`V*Wp,*bS \3d aW*,dH

69


Z1 ,S]`\+\,d,*bSE qV +WS4nV\ Z*Y ,/*abnaq ]T/TybS /\ Zn\-\ T Z1 ]T//*O bSan a]\VdaTD `SYT`\YE Z*Y b`1+* \ab1`T-*bSaq ,T/abd]ZSgb,* P -`TO f*E h1`14 qVSy YS Y\-WS + ,b`*O bSbS h1abn ]`\aW*,WqbS \-* L\,bD 57B;P5>MD \Yd gd`*yY\aq ,T/abd]O ZSVT, T bSfE fb\ Z*4S,*2 a1+1 +`*b\YE *W1 4Z1aW*,Wp2 \-*D 1 ab\ad2bnO   aq Z*,Tbn hW1ZT, Z*j\^ aTYG^ L5 \`D 9B55MD S Z1 \b`SY*2Y\ V\`SabTE Z*O Y*-*phSan a]`\abd,*bS *`-dY1ZbS ,T/abd]ZSVT, hS Wp/1yE qVT Z*`TV*O pbn Z* \`-*ZT4*gTp -\,SD 1 ,*`b\ /\aWT/3d,*bS Y*b1`T*W ,T/abd]ZSVT, hS b\ , /`dV\,*ZSf ,S/*ZZqfE hS b\ , ıZb1`Z1bTE */31 g1 4*jV\/Sbn Z*O  jTy /df\,Z\abTD L`\hSb*yb1 ıa*^ 9B6>C *b,Tq ;B:MD 58 *y,*3WS,TjSy a]\aT+ Z*aWT/dO ,*bS Z*j\-\ Z1+1aZ\-\ *bnV* P ,SO q,WqbS Wp+\, L5 ı,D 8B5:P5=MD p+\,E qV* ]*Zd2 YT3 Z*YSE /\,\/SbnE k\ YS 2 ıada\,SYS dhZqYS T aWd3Sb1O WqYS -\,S Lı,D 57B78E 79MD *Y Z1 4*,3/S W1-V\ Wp+SbS Wp/1yE b\Yd k\ YS da]*/Vd,*WS Z1/\aV\Z*WTabnD W1 YS ]\,SZZT +\`\bSaq 4 Z1p T 4 Wp+\,Gp ab*,SbSan /\ TZjSfD \4,SO ,*phS Wp+\, b* TZjT ]`S2YZT \-\O ,T `SaSE YS dZSV*bSY1Y\ -`TfT, T Z1 +d/1Y\ ]\,\/SbSan Z1/\+`\4ShWS,\ L6 1bD 5B9P;MD 59 p+\, a]\ZdVd2 Z*a hSZSbS TZO jSY /\+`\ LSYD 57B<P5>MD *]`SVO W*/E V\WS h\W\,TV T /`d3SZ* 4+1O  `T-*pbn Wp+\, \/Z1 /\ \/Z\-\E ^fZ2 ]\/`d3Z2 W\31 Z1 +d/1 ZThSY \]\O -*Z1Z1D )Vk\ f`SabSqZS 4 Wp+\,Gp b* ]\,*-\p ab*,Wqbnaq /\ ab*`TyjSZE b\ ,Sq,WqbSYdbn aWdfZqZTabn T ]T/O 58D )Vd `Sad Z*Y b`1+* ,Sq,WqbSE k\+ ,T/O /41`V*Wp,*bS \3d aW*,dE T h\YdH 59D )VSY hSZ\Y Wp+\, ,]WS,*2 Z* Z*jT ab\adZVS 4 TZjSYSH

6:

 V\`qbSYdbnaq ^fZTY ,V*4T,V*YD ˙TbSE qVT Wp+Wqbn +*bnVT,E +d/dbn aWdf*O  bSaq b* j*Zd,*bS ^f T Z1 -\,\`SbSO Ydbn ]`\ ZSf ]\-*Z\D )Vk\ YS Wp+SO Y\ +WS3ZTfE b\ Z1 +d/1Y\ ,,*3*bS  ^f -T`jSYS 4* Z*a T Z1 `\4Y\,WqbSO Y1Y\ 4 ZSYS 4Z1,*3WS,\ L)VD 7B=MD b*`TyjSZSE V\b`T Wp+Wqbn \3Sf  \,1gnE ]\,\/qbnaq 4 ZSYS ZT3Z\ L˙T^ 6>B6<E 6=MD 5: ˙\ b\-\ 3 Z*Y aWT/ ,Sq,WqbS WpO +\, d aWd3TZZTD S -WS+\V\ Wp+SY\ -\,dE b\Yd Z1 /\4,\WSY\ +*y/d3\aO bT hS Z1-*bS,ZSY ,T/-dV*Y 4Z1\f\O bSbS Z*aE * +d/1Y\ y /*WT 4,Tk*bS /\+`d Z\,SZdD p+\, a]\ZdVd,*bSO Y1 Z*a /\+`1 -\bd,*bSaq /\ aWd3TZZq T ,YTW\ Z*,h*bS Wp/1y ]`*,/SD aO VTWnVS YS Wp+SY\ \-* T +WS3ZTfE b\ ]`\]\,T/d2Y\ Z1 WSj1 4 ]\hdbbq \+\O ,Gq4VdD S ,,*3*2Y\ g1 4*,/*ZZq ,1O WSV\p h1abp T ,SV\Zd2Y\ y\-\ 4 `*O /Tabp L *b,D 5>B;MD ˛ ˝˙   )•   5;

TWnjTabn Wp/1y Z1 ,,*3*2 -`Tf hSY\an a1`y\4ZSYD W1 Z*Y ,T/\O Y\E qVSy ,TZ Z1+14]1hZSyD S `\4dO YT2Y\E k\ /d31 ,*3WS,\ \]S`*bSaq afSWnZ\abT /\ -`Tf*D a,T/\YWpphS a,\p -`TjZd ]`S`\/dE YS ]\,SZZT Z*,h*bS a,\2 adYWTZZqE *+S ,\Z\ /\O ]\Y*-*W\ Z*Y `\+SbS /\+`\E V\WS f\O h1bnaq ,hSZSbS k\an ]\-*Z1 LSYD ;B66E 67MD S Y\31Y\ +dbS aW*+VSYSE ]`\b1 4 \3\p ]T/b`SYV\p YS , ab*O ZT ]\,1abSaq ]`*,SWnZ\ , +d/nOqVTy  aSbd*gT^ L6 \`D 56B5>MD 5< )Vk\ YS f\h1Y\ ]`\aW*,WqbS -\,dE b\ Y*2Y\ +\`\bSaq ]`\bS *O 5:D )V Wp+\, /\]\Y*-*2 Z*Y d aWd3TZZTH 5;D #\ Z*Y aWT/ `\+SbS 4 \-Wq/d Z* Z*jd -`TjZd ]`S`\/dH 5<E 5=D *M ˛*,/qVS h\Yd YS da]TjZ\ +\`1O Y\aq ]`\bS *b*ZS T y\-\ /1Y\ZT,H +M #\ Z*Y aWT/ ]\ab*Z\,SbSH

59   ) 6>56


b*ZS T y\-\ /1Y\ZT,D \- /*2 Z*Y /df\,Z1 \4+`\2ZZqE 4*,/qVS qV\Yd YS da]TjZ\ ,1/1Y\ gp +\`\bn+d L˚eD :B55P57MD *b*Z* ]`*-Z1 ]`S,W*aZSO bS a\+T aW*,dE qV* ]\ ]`*,d Z*W1O 3Sbn -\,TD 1y \3Sy ,\`\- `\+Sbn da1 Y\3WS,1E k\+ 4`dyZd,*bS Z*jT ab\adZVS 4 -\,\pD )V\-\ 3 d/*`d 4*,/*2 *b*ZT b1E k\ YTWny\ZS Z1O /\aV\Z*WSf h\W\,TVT,E 3TZ\V T /Tb1y 4+1`T-*pbn Z1]\`\hZTabn T 4,1WShdO pbn \-*I \Yd ]`\/\,3dyY\ T /*WT aW*,SbS -\,dE qV Z1+1aZT ab,\`TZZqE V\b`T ,S-dVdpbnB w-\,\E \31 Z*jE /\ab\yZSy bS aW*,SE h1abT y aSWSE +\  bS ,a1 ab,\`S, T 4 b,\2^ ,\WT ,a1 TaZd2 b* ab,\`1Z1x L +Gq,D 8B55MD 5= b31E `Tjdh1 ]\ab*Z\,TY\ 4* +d/nOqVSf \+ab*,SZ ,T/\+`*3*bS aW*,d -\,SD TZ /d31 `*/T2E k\ b*V +*-*b\ ,T//*ZSf aWd3Sb1WT, 4 daTf aSW Z*Y*-*pbnaq Z*aWT/d,*bS y\-\ T Z1abS y\Yd f,*Wd L`S]D 6;B55MD *Y

S bS ,T/\+`*3*2j aW*,d -\,S b*VSY hSZ\YH

,*`b\ `\4,S,*bS b*V1 3 ]`*-Z1ZZqE qV1 Y*, ˙*,S/B w) +d/d ,aTY a1`g1Y  a,\^Y ,Sf,*WqbS 1+1E \a]\/SE \31

S YTyE T aW*,SbS +d/d ]\,TVS ıYGq

,\2x LaD <:B56MD S 4 Z1b1`]TZZqY h1V*2Y\ b\-\ h*adE V\WS 4Y\31Y\ /\O aV\Z*W\ ,T//41`V*Wp,*bS aW*,d -\O ,S T ]\,TVS y\-\ ,Sf,*WqbSD *3*ZZq aWdfZqZSf \-\,T Wp/1y \+\,Gq4V\,\ 4/TyaZSbnaqD S bS ,T/\+`*3*2j \O 3d aW*,d T hS ]`*-Z1j `\+SbS g1 ,ThZ\H


wab1`T-*yb1aq e*`Sa1yanV\^ 4*V,*aVSx   ıada ]\]1`1/3*, a,\^f dhZT,B w ab1`T-*yb1aq e*`Sa1yanV\^ 4*V,*aVSE b\+b\ WSg1YT`ab,*x LdVS 56B5MD *`*W1WnZ1 YTag1 4 TZj\-\ ,*Z-1WTq ]\V*4d2E k\ gSYS aW\,*YS ıada  4*ad/3d,*, w,h1ZZq e*`Sa1^,x L*b,D 5:B56MD ˙1V\WS T+WTq ,3S,*2 aW\,\ w4*V,*aV*xE *+\ /`T3/3TE qV aSY,\W 4T]adbbqD 14adYZT,Z\E ,h1ZZq T aVW*/ `\4dYd   e*`Sa1^, 4-d+Z\ ,]WS,*WS Z* ^fZTf aWdf*hT,D  hSY a*O Y1 e*`Sa1yanVT ,h1ZZq +dWS Z1+14]1hZTH

1

 *`Sa1^ ]Sj*WSan ,W*aZ\p ]`*,1/O ZTabp T 4,1`fZn\ ab*,SWSaq /\ ]`\aO bSf Wp/1yD

 ıada ]T/V`1aWS, ^fZp WSg1YT`Zd ]`*O  ,1/ZTabn , \/Z\Yd 4T a,\^f ]`SVW*/T,D TZ aV*4*,B w*`Sa1y ,ab*, T ]\h*, Y\O WSbSaq ]\/dYVSB r\31E /qVdp b\+TE k\ q Z1 b*VSyE qV TZjT P 4/S`ZSVSE Z1]`*,1/ZTE ]1`1O Wp+ZSVSE *+\ Z*,Tbn qV \Z b\y 4+S`*h ]\/*bVT,D ) ]\kd /,ThT Z* bS3/1Zn T /*p /1aqbSZd 4 dan\O -\E k\ Z*+d,*psD ˛+S`*h 31 ]\/*bVT, ab\q, ,T/O /*WTVE Z1 Z*,*3dphSan Z*,Tbn ]T/Z1abS \h1y /\ Z1+*D TZ bTWnVS +S, a1+1 , -`d/S T -\,\`S,B r\O 31E +d/n YSW\a1`/ZSY /\ Y1Z1E -`TjZSV*sx LdO VS 5<B55P57MD ıada af,*WnZ\ ,T/-dVZd,aq ]`\ aYS`1ZZTabn 4+S`*h* ]\/*bVT,B w*3d ,*YE g1y h\W\,TV ]\O ,1`b*bSY1bnaq /\/\YdE ,Sq,S,jSan ]`*,1/ZTO jSYE ZT3 e*`Sa1yC +\ V\31ZE fb\ 4,1WShdO 2bnaqE +d/1 ]`SZS31ZSyE * fb\ d]\V\`p2bnaqE +d/1 4,1WSh1ZSyx LdVS 5<B58MD 14,*3*phS Z* b1E k\ 4+S`*hT ]\/*bVT, ,,*3*WSaq Z1h1aZSYS Wp/nYSE ıada ]`*-Zd, /\]\Y\-bS b*VSY Wp/qYD `SZ*yYZT /,\2 4+S`*hT, ]\/*bVT,E *b,Ty T ˛*O Vf1yE 4`1jb\p ab*WS y\-\ ]\aWT/\,ZSV*YSD

6<

 *`Sa1^ Z\aSWS Y*W1ZnVT V\`\+\hVS 4 d`S,V*YS ˛*V\Zd L*b,D 67B6E 9M

V*3TY\E YS Y*2Y\ ]1,ZT 4/T+Z\abT hS ,SV\O Zd2Y\ d 4+\`T qVTan ]\h1aZT \+\,Gq4VSD +\ 3 ]\YTh*2Y\ aW*+V\abT hS ]`\-`TfS TZjSf Wp/1yD 1`14 g1 YS Y\31Y\ ,,*3*bS a1+1 WT]jSYS 4* TZjSfD #\ Z*Y b\/T `\+SbSH 1\+fT/Z\ j,S/O V\ ]`S/djd,*bS b*VT /dYVSE +\ ,qb1 SanY\ -\,\`SbnB wp+\, /\,-\b1`]1WS,* T /\+`*D pO +\, Z1 `1,Zd2E Z1 f,*ab*2E Z1 4*4Z*2bnaqE Z1 ]\O  ,\/Sbnaq Z1]`Sab\yZ\E Z1 jdV*2 ,W*aZ\^ ,SO ‹ -\/SE Z1 /`*bd2bnaqE Z1 ,1/1 WTh+S \+`*4*YD p+\, Z1 bTjSbnaq Z1]`*,1/ZTabp wZ1 4W\`*O /T2 4 ]`S,\/d hd3Sf -`TfT,xE w\,* *Z-WTyanV* T+WTq x E *W1 `*/T2 ]`*,/Tx L5 \`D 57B8P:MD ˛-*/*,jS ]`\ b1E k\ w`Sab\a ıada ]`Syj\, d a,TbE *+S ,`qbd,*bS -`TjZSVT,xE *]\ab\W *,O W\ /\/*,B w˛ qVSf q P Z*y+TWnjSyxD *Y aWT/ Y*bS ]\/T+ZSy ]\-Wq/ L5 SYD 5B59MD

Sb*ZZq /Wq `\4/dYT, S q da,T/\YWpp b1E k\ 2 -`TjZSV\Y T k\   Y\2 a]*aTZZq 4*W13Sbn ,T/ \3\^ Z14*aWd31Z\^ /\+`\bSH S q ,,*3*pE k\ ,SkSy 4* TZjSfE \aO VTWnVS +*-*b\ `\VT, ,T`Z\ aWd3d -\,TE Y*p ]\O  h1aZT \+\,Gq4VS , \3Ty \`-*ZT4*gT^ *+\ qVTan b*W*ZbSH

59   ) 6>56


2

 *`Sa1^ ]`S,a1Wp/Z\ ,Sq,WqWS a,\p ]`*,1/ZTabnE Z*Y*-*phSan a]`*,SbS ,`*31ZZq Z* TZjSfD \ZS ]`*-ZdWS aW*,S b* -dhZSf bSbdWT,D

`\b1 ıada aV*4*,B w\ZS ,a1 `\+O  Wqbn /Wq b\-\E k\+ ^f +*hSWS Wp/SE +\ `\4jS`ppbn V\`\+\hVS 4 d`S,V*YS 4 SO a*ZZqE qVT Z\aqbn /Wq 4*fSabdE T ]\/\,3dO pbn b\`\hVS Z* a,\2Yd ,+`*ZZTD \ZS Wp+Wqbn Y*bS Z*y]\h1aZTjT YTagq Z* ,1h1`qf b* aSO  /TbS a]1`1/d , aSZ*-\-*f T ]`*-ZdbnE *+S ^f ,Tb*WS Z* `SZV\,Sf ]W\k*f T 4,1`b*WSaq /\ ZSfB r hSb1Wpsx L *b,D 67B9P;MD )V 31 ,T/`T4O  ZqW\an ^fZ2 YSaW1ZZq ,T/ ıada\,\-\I \h* `SaO b\a +d, /\aV\Z*WSY SZ\Y \-*E ,TZ 4*,3/S ,Sq,Wq, aYS`1ZZqD \WS \/SZ h\W\,TV Z*4,*, y\-\ w/\+`SYxE ıada ,T/]\,T,B w\Yd Z*4S,*2j Y1Z1 /\+`SYH Tfb\ Z1 /\+`SyE \V`TY \/Z\-\ P \-*x L *`V* 5>B5<MD ıZj\-\ `*4d ıada ]\YS,  a,\^Y dhZqY Z\-SE ]\/*,jS b*VSY hSZ\Y ]`SO VW*/ aYS`1ZZ\abT Lı,D 57B5P59MD `*,/S,T f`SabSqZS ]\,SZZT aWd3SbS \/O Z\,T`gqY L*WD 9B57MD 1 \a\+WS,\ ab\ad2bnaq bSfE fb\ f\h1 ,T/]\,T/*bS ,SY\-*Y /Wq Z*-WqO /*hT, 4+\`dD TWV\Y /\`1hZ\ w]`*-ZdbS \b`SO Y*bS \+\,Gq4VS Z*-Wq/*h*xE *W1 a]\ZdVd,*bS /\ gn\-\ Y*2 +*3*ZZq /\]\Y*-*bS TZjSYD `*bE qVSy ,SV\Zd2 gT w\+\,Gq4VSxE Z1 ]\aT/*2 qV\-\an ,S/*bZ\-\ ab*Z\,Sk* T Z1 ]*Zd2 Z*/ TZjSYSD \/T+Z\ /\ ıada*E bTE fb\ aWd3*bn Z*-Wq/*h*YSE ]\,SZZT +dbS aYS`1ZZSYS L5 SYD 7B5E :C *b,D 55B6=MD

Sb*ZZq /Wq `\4/dYT, S q Z1 Y*p 4,ShVS ]T/W1kd,*bSaq /\ ,T/]\O ,T/*WnZSf +`*bT, d 4+\`TE Y\3WS,\E a]\/T,*pO hSan 4/\+dbS aW*,d T \b`SY*bS /\/*bV\,T \+\O ,Gq4VSH S q Z1 4\a1`1/3dpan Z* bSf -*Wd4qf aWd3TZZqE qVT ]`SZ\aqbn ,S4Z*ZZq T ]\f,*WdH S Z1 ]`*-Zd q ,S/TWqbSaq a1`1/ TZjSfH

 * ,T/YTZd ,T/ ]Sf*bSf e*`Sa1^,E aYS`1ZZT f`SabSqZanVT ab*`TyjSZS aWd3*bn TZjSY


3

 *`Sa1^ ,S-*/*WS aSWdOaSW1ZZd ]`*,SW T b`*/SgTyE qVT \+bq3d,*WS ]`\abSf Wp/1yD

 1`14 \ya1q -\,* /*, T4`*^WnbqO Z*Y ˛*V\ZE qVSy YTabS, Z\`YS ]\VW\O ZTZZqD /Z*V d Zn\Yd Z1 \+-\,\`pO ,*WSaq Z14Z*hZT /1b*WTD `SYT`\YE ˛*V\Z 4*+\`\Zq, ]`*gp,*bS , ad+\bdE *W1 Z1 `\4]SO ad,*,E k\ ,VWph*2bnaq , ]\Zqbbq w]`*gqx LSfD  6>B5>MD *`Sa1^ 3 Z*Y*-*WSan 4*]\,ZSbS gT ]`\-*WSZS ,W*aZSYS 4*V\Z*YSE bWdY*h1ZZqYS T b`*/SgTqYSD ıada /\b`SYd,*,aq \ya12,\-\ 4*V\ZdE ]`\b1 T-Z\`d,*, ad,\`T ]`*,SW* e*`SO  a1^, L *b,D 9B5;E 5<C 67B67MD TZ +*hS, Z1 WSj1 +dV,d ˛*V\ZdE *W1 T y\-\ /dfD ıada `\4dYT, a]`*O ,3Z2 4Z*h1ZZq ˛*V\Zd T ]\b`1+d , YSW\a1`/T b* a]T,hdbbTD TZ +d, ]\YT`V\,*ZSYE Z*,Tbn V\O WS dhZT `\4h*`\,d,*WS y\-\D *]`SVW*/E d ZTh a,\-\ *`1jbd ıada a]\ZdVd,*, b`n\f *]\ab\WT, Z1 a]*bS T ]SWnZd,*bSE * ,\ZS 4Z\,d y 4Z\,d 4*O aSZ*WSD /Z*V ıada a]T,hdbWS,\ aV*4*,B w˙df +*/n\`SyE *W1 bTW\ aW*+V1x L *`V* 58B78P86MD

Sb*ZZq /Wq `\4/dYT, S q ,ab*Z\,Wpp V*b1-\`ShZTE 3\`abVT ]`*,SW*H S ,,*3*pE k\ WSj1 YTy ]\-Wq/ ]`*O  ,SWnZSyH S q ]\YT`V\,*ZSy d a,\^f a]\/T,*ZO Zqf k\/\ TZjSfH

\4/dYdyE Z*aVTWnVS ıada\,T ,h1ZZq ,T/`T4ZqO  WSaq ,T/ ,h1Zn e*`Sa1^,D S bS +*hSjE d h\Yd YT- +S k1 V`*k1 Z*aWT/d,*bS ıada*H )Vk\ b*VE b\ ]`*gpy Z*/ gSYD

S bSE ]\/T+Z\ /\ ıada*E ]\YT`V\,*ZSy  d a,\^f a]\/T,*ZZq k\/\ TZjSfH

7>


w˛ h*a\Y Y1ZT a]\/\+*W\an aWd3SbS V\W]\`b1`\Yx

5<<: `\gT 4 WW1-1yZT Ljb*b 1ZaSWn,*ZTqME /1 `\4YTkd,*,O aq T+WTyZSy /TYE ab\ ]`SYT`O ZSVT, ]1`j\-\ b\Yd w ,Sb*ZZq

Saqh\WTbbqx +dW\ ,T/]`*,W1Z\ , SV*-\ Ljb*b ıWWTZ\yaMD *`W4

1y4 *aa1W f\bT, h1`14 VZS-*`O ZT `\4]\,ap/SbS Z\,d ]d+WTV*O gTpD /Z* 4 Z*y+TWnjSf d "  eT`Y 4 ]`\/*3d `1WT-TyZ\^ WTb1`*bd`S ]\-\/SW*aq ,4qbS gT VZS3VS ]T/ `1*WT4*gTpD W1 h1`14 /,* bS3ZT ,ap ]*`bTp ]\,1`ZdWS , T+WTyZTy /TYD ˛* ]1,ZSYS /*ZSYSE \/Z\-\ ]*ab\`* 2,*Z-1O  WTabanV\^ g1`V,S ab`*j1ZZ\ \+d`SW\ b1E k\ , Y*O -*4SZT `*4\Y 4 y\-\ VZS3V*YS +dW\ ,Sab*,W1Z\ w ,Sb*ZZq Saqh\WTbbqxD TZ ]\ab*,S, dY\,dB qVO k\ gT VZS3VS 4*WSj*bnaq Z* ]\WSgTE b\ ,TZ T y\O  -\ ,T/\YT /`d4TO2,*Z-1WTabS 4*+1`dbn a,\^ VZS3VS  T ]`\/*,*bSYdbn ^f , TZjSf YTagqfD T`Y* Z1\f\h1 ]\,1`ZdW* w ,Sb*ZZq Saqh\WTbbqxD *V\3 d -*41O b*f ,31 +dW* Z*/`dV\,*Z* `1VW*Y* gn\-\ ,S/*ZO ZqD W1 ]`\bS,ZSVS /\VW*WS ,aTf 4daSWnE k\+ Z*/*WT `1VW*Y* Z1 4Gq,WqW*anD )V 31 Z\,Ty ]d+WTO  V*gT^ ]\b`*]SbS /\ `dV bSfE fb\ jdV*, ]`*,/SH

gn\Yd /\]\Y\-WS V\W]\`b1`S1E qV V\WSan Z*O 4S,*WS ]\,Z\h*aZSf aWd3Sb1WT,D 5<<5 `\gT , w T\ZanVTy *`b\,Ty +*jbTx ]Sa*W\aqE k\ Z1O \+fT/Z\ 5>>> ]`\]\,T/ZSVT,E qVT + ]\,Z\h*aZ\ ]\O jS`p,*WS +T+WTyZd WTb1`*bd`dD \h* V\W]\`b1`T, Z*WThd,*W\aq WSj1 VTWnV* a\b1ZnE ,\ZS aV`T4n aTO qWS Z*aTZZq ]`*,/SD 5<=; `\gT +dW\ `\4]\,apO /31Z\ +WS4nV\ YTWny\Z* ]`SYT`ZSVT, w ,Sb*ZZq

Saqh\WTbbqxE -\W\,ZSY hSZ\Y 4 /\]\Y\-\p V\WO ]\`b1`T,D TWnjTabn T4 ZSf 3SWS 4* `*fdZ\V Z1O 4Z*hZ\-\ ,T/jV\/d,*ZZqE qV1 ,\ZS \b`SYd,*WS 4* V\3Zd `\4]\,ap/31Zd VZS3Vd hS \e\`YW1Zd ]1`1/]W*bd Z* w*`b\,d +*jbdxD 1 ˛ 5=75 `\Vd wV\W]\`b1`T,x ]\h*WS Z*4S,*bS w]T\Z1`*O YSxD

59   ) 6>56

b\ 3 +dWS gT ,T/,*3ZT V\W]\`b1`SH ˙1fb\ 4 ZSf `\4]\h*, b*V1 aWd3TZZq , ]T/WTbV\,T `\VSE TZjT P , ab*`j\Yd ,TgTD \W]\`b1`*YS aWd3SWS T Z1O  \/`d31ZTE T ]\/`d3ZT ]*`S +14 /Tb1yE T Z*,Tbn aTYG^D b*WT V\W]\`b1`S ]`\]\,T/d,*WS gTWSYS /ZqYSE * /\]\YT3ZT P \/ZdO/,T -\/SZS Z* /1ZnD ˛,Sh*yO Z\E 4/\`\,Gq hS \a\+SabT \+ab*,SZS Z1 V\3Z\Yd /\4,\WqWS ,SV\Zd,*bS b*V1 aWd3TZZqE *W1 +*-*O bn\Y ,\Z\ +dW\ ]T/ aSWdD )V ]\qaZp,*W\an Z* V\Z-`1aT 5=>: `\VdE k\+ aWd3SbS V\W]\`b1`\YE Z1 ]\b`T+Z\ +dbS w/d31 \a,Th1ZSYE /d31 4/T+ZSY hS -\,\`SbS *Z-1WnanV\p Y\,\pxD *y31 Z* V\3Z\Yd V\ZbSZ1ZbT 4,Sh*yZT Wp/S ,SV\Zd,*WS Z*/4,Sh*yZd ]`*gpD /SZ +`*b ]T/O `*fd,*,E k\ 4* aTY `\VT, `\4]\,ap/S, 59 >>> VZSO 3\VD 1y +`*b 4*d,*3S,B w) ab*, V\W]\`b1`\Y Z1

\W]\`b1` D D a1y d *ZT L+WD 5=7> `\VdM


 -\`TB V\W]\`b1`S ˚/Tb TZ T 1`b`d/ \``Ta , Z-WT^ L+WD 5=5< `\VdMC ,ZS4dB b1ZWT \aa*+dY T 1Z`T \ZVTa 4 ]\`\3ZTYS V\`\+V*YS ,T/ VZS3\VE qVT ,\ZS `\4]\,ap/SWS L"M

#\+ aWd3SbS V\W]\`O b1`\YE Z1]\b`T+Z\ +dbS w /d31 \a,Th1ZSYE /d31 4/T+ZSY hS -\,\`SbS *Z-1WnanV\p Y\,\p x /Wq b\-\E k\+ ]`\/*,*bS VZS3VSE * k\+ a,T/hSbS ]`\ -\,d T y\-\ ]`*,/dxD *YE /1 4Gq,WqWSan V\WO ]\`b1`SE Z*aTZZq ]`*,/S ,V\`TZp,*W\aq T 4`\ab*O  W* VTWnVTabn ˙\aWT/ZSVT, T+WT^D `1/ab*,ZSVS /dfT,ZSgb,* -Wd4d,*WS Z*/ V\WO  ]\`b1`*YSE Z*4S,*phS ^f b\`-*j*YS VZS3\VD

5<=6 `\gT w*`b\,* +*jb*x 4*4Z*h*W*B w *W\ fb\ ,,*3*2 V\W]\`b1`T, a]`*,3ZTYS ]`1/ab*,ZSO V*YS \a]\/* *+\ ,S4Z*2E k\ \a]\/n ,Sa\V\ gTO  Zd2 ^fZ2 aYS`1ZZq T a*Y\31`b\,ZTabnxD ]`*,O /TE 3Sbbq V\W]\`b1`T, wZ1 +dW\ ,aTqZ1 V,Tb*YSxE

www.watchtower.org/k

qV aV*4*W* \/Z* a1ab`*E V\b`* +`*W* dh*abn d b*O V\Yd aWd3TZZTD TgZ1 ,4dbbq T ,1W\aS]1/S +dWS \aZ\,ZSYS 4*a\+*YS ]1`1ad,*ZZqD )Vk\ -`\j1y Z1 ,Sab*h*W\E V\W]\`b1`S \+YTZp,*WS VZS3VS  Z* ^3dD `\,T,jS /1Zn d aWd3TZZTE ,b\YW1ZTE *W1 k*aWS,T ]`\]\,T/ZSVS ]\,1`b*WSaq /\ a,\O  ^f Z*Y1bT, hS \`1Z/\,*ZSf ]\Y1jV*ZnD ˛-\/\Y gT `1,ZT aWd3Sb1WT ]\h*WS ,SV\`Sab\,d,*bS b*V 4,*ZT V\W]\`b1`anVT ed`-\ZS P a*Y\`\+ZT /\YS Z* V\W1a*fE 4*,/qVS qVSY ,\ZS 4*\k*/3d,*WS h*a T -`\jT1D \hSZ*phS 4 V\Z-`1adE qVSy ]`\yj\, d SV*-\ 5<=7 `\VdE , ]`\-`*Yd V\Z-`1aT, +`*bS ,VWph*O WS a]1gT*WnZd h*abSZd /Wq V\W]\`b1`T,D T/ h*a  gT2^ h*abSZS V\Z-`1ad V\W]\`b1`S /TWSWSaq ,SO ]*/V*YS 4T aWd3TZZqE Y1b\/*YS ]`\]\,T/d,*ZZq b* TZjSYS ]`*VbShZSYS /dYV*YSD /Z\-\ `*4d +`*b *aa1W ]\`*/S, Z*]\W1-WS,SY ]`\]\,T/ZSO V*Y /\+`1 aZT/*bSE /\ \+T/d ,S]S,*bS aVWqZVd Y\W\V*E * , -*`qhd ]\`d /Zq P e`dVb\,d ,\/d 4 Y\`\4S,\YD \W]\`b1`SE qVT jdV*WS a\+T Z*]*`ZSVT,E Z\aSO WS Z* V\Z-`1aT 3\,bd ab`ThVdD \,T V\W]\`b1`S Y\-WS /\Y\,SbSan ]`\ a]T,]`*gp 4 +TWnj /\a,T/O h1ZSYSD *V1 Z*,h*ZZq +dW\ /d31 V\`SaZ1D )V\an a1ab`*E k\ Z1/*,Z\ `\4]\h*W* aWd3TZZq V\W]\`O b1`\YE `\4f,SWp,*,jSanE 4*]Sb*W* 3TZVdB w`*,O /*E ,S Z1 f\h1b1 ]\hSb*bS gT VZS3VSHx * k*abqE ,\Z* ,4qW* VZS3VS T 4-\/\Y \f`1abSW*anD /SZ +`*b gTV*,S,aqB w#\ Y1ZT `\+SbSB ab*bS   V\W]\`b1`\Y hS /*WT b`SY*bSaq a,\2^ ,S-T/Z\^ `\O +\bS T 31`b,d,*bS k\`\Vd 5>>> /\W*`T, Z* ]`*gp ]`\]\,T/d,*ZZqHx •\Yd ,T/]\,TWSE k\ \a]\/n gTO Zd,*bSY1 T b1E y TZj1E *W1 qVk\ ]`Sa,qhd,*O bS \a]\/d a,Ty h*aE b\ Y\3Z* \b`SY*bS +TWnj1 +W*-\aW\,1ZnD 1`T *yZ/a ,,*3*W* V\W]\`b1`anO V1 aWd3TZZq wZ*yV`*kSY a]\a\+\Y `\+SbS +*-*b\ /\+`* ,1WSVTy VTWnV\abT Wp/1yxD  a\`\YGq4WS,* Wn+1`b* `\a+T aV*4*W*B w˛ h*a\Y Y1ZT a]\/\+*O W\an aWd3SbS V\W]\`b1`\YxD SY*W\ +dV,*WnZSf T /df\,ZSf Z*k*/VT, V\WO ]\`b1`T, ]`\/\,3dpbn ]`*gpE `\4]\h*bd gSYS `1,ZSYS aWd3Sb1WqYSD )Vk\ d ,*jTy `\/SZT ZTO fb\ Z1 aWd3S, ]\,Z\h*aZ\E b\ k1 2 Y\3WS,Tabn 4*]\h*bVd,*bS b*Vd aTY1yZd b`*/SgTpD S ]1`1O V\Z*ZTE k\ ,*Y b13 a]\/\+*2bnaq ]\,Z\h*aZ1 aWdO 3TZZqI 1  \/Z\Yd 4 Z*abd]ZSf Z\Y1`T, +d/1 ]\YTk1Z\ `\4]\O ,T/n ]`\ /\YS Z* V\W1a*fD

w12 05/15-K

Watchtower (study edition) 2012  

ukranian magazine, bible, watchtower (study edition), WT Study

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you