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&u^fÚ oÛ× "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of the publisher and the author."


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äöÎø^%ønûÚôæø ÜûÓönû×øÂø äô×#Ö] èøÛøÃûÞô ]æû†öÒöƒû]æø ^ßøÃûÛô‰ø Üûjö×ûÎö ƒûô] ä?ôeô ÜûÓöÏø$ø]æø pû„ô$Ö] ܺnû×ôÂø äø×#Ö] á$ ô] äø×#Ö] ]çÏö$i]æø ^ßø³Ãû³›øø]æø ( 7:5{Z +ÓZ) ó…ôæû‚ö’% Ö] l ô ]„øeô

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[Y 1991]

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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

15 å]… ØnÖ


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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

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[Y 1991]

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18 å]… ØnÖ


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gzZx Z kZ¹ZÉ ÔÅ# Ö èh +”tsÜ: ÅbzgÏZÆŠ·äˆy M Œ Û ˆy M Œ Û Ô }XÐVƒg ezŠ ~ ]y MgzZ *Š {zÐ T c* Š™g ZŠ¸ÌÐ }g Ä c* Š}Šg Z Œ Û qNÃ4z] .ÙçyŠÆ9 L aÆŠ·ä \¬vZì ZƒyÒ~ Æ ÷â i M ÅyZpXìg mºaÆ]Š „gzZ ~¢qg—Æ Z} .yŠt @* å Åg D䊷X @*MÃ~] c~(, g D~g«izgÏZ ~Š™ Zatwq]gßa ¯ V1** +Z}g )Æg«ä V,ZX ÅwEZ IF, -ZaÆ ä0* q Ã] Ò LC 9 Ù „ X B™ÝqyŠŒ ZÐZ {zgzZn Y: :ZzpÔñY  Mg D~X,Š  ås ÜÆbzg ~ékZt pÔðƒ 7~igz s ÜÅyâ ‡gzZ # Ö wÅyŠÆ "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

19 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

X ˆÅg Ñ~] »w{h +I** ÅŠ·qtçOX ¶[£aÆyŠÆ9 L Ù ªÆx © Z ´Šì CYƒ ãZz ]!* C tÐ # Ö è ÅkZgzZyÒÆî Zz kZ A  σÝq Ÿg {z Å Z} ¼ .Ð „¿._Æbzg ÅyZÉ Ô7°» „ŠÅ Xì C¯»x ÅZÆ m, ?j§ Ð s§Å# Ö ÓgzZ Vò´Š aÆ ä` u%ÆŠÎ

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g » & § (Zì CY Åt ÒÃXì â  Û g »tzg ¸6,gî~Š ã C~ yZ Ô ‰ K kZÔ$JaÆwâ Ô"Z °ÔpXƒ: t :Z »ŠÎ6, gîã â ‡6,TñYHäz X N YƒÝqÌ] ˜‰ç»]ægzZ3ZzB‚ƱŸZ³Å ] !* tpÔ2~g :Æ+ M ]Z|}g ‚tì ÂÂIta}g ø ÒÜŠÎ:gzZì @* ƒ Zg7 A »ˆy M Œ Û Â: ÔÐ ¿i§kZÆyZì ãZzÇ!* Xì ¦gyYÔ"Z °ÔЄ

S¦gzZ X N YK : lˆ. Æ b§kZì ¸i§4q -Š 4, }g ø {ŠñÆ ~g » š³¸$ +» yâ ‡òsZÆŠÎ# Ö w ñY à yâ ] !* t b§ ™úÅux ÂÆxsZ „A $ÔÇñY1yâ Ã|kZZ # XìØ{»x  Рs ) Zzs Z§Zª zŠ 7÷RðÃÅ}g ZŠ Z ËÆb§kZ~TÐà Xìg mZ e~à ÑÅ Z%Z™ËË [Y 1991]

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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

20 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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.âÆyâ ‡òsZ ~

L zg < $uwÅ~ .â }uzŠXì ˆyWŒ Û~ .⠪Рƒ  »yâ ‡òsZ V; }g ø ~ KÆ yâ ‡~ .â Xì kª ~ .â åa gzZ q )Z ZŠÔì Ýq à ©$E ©$tEXì ¸Ãî0G wzZŒ {^ ,Y »XÔܼ~kZpXì 96,gî~Š ã CÃî0G :ì –~ó ó+zD +Åyâ ‡òsZ L L[ÂKZäk& ZŒZ}Z ** Ñññƒf e Ð wÅyâ ‡~ .â }ŠÃq )Z~kZ tÂq -ZÔ&'!* àZzH š LL Š ¿Z q ) ZXì Š ¿Z~xsZ ~ .â ZŠˆÆ< L z [ÂèÑqÔì Š HHï á Xì nq -ZÅ ™fÐ wÅyâ ‡~ .â ¸a q -Z »kª ìt ]!* àZzH š ~uzŠ~ kZ Š ¿Zyâ ‡~ .â }ŠÆxsZÉ Ô7yâ ‡~ .â ÝZÌkªèÑqXì Š HH Xìi§q -ZÐ~Vh§ZÆ òsZX C™7©q Z »Vz~ .â x ÓÆyâ ‡òsZt ìt]!* à ZzH š ~Š ~} ], ZŠ mºq -Z ì Ì (` Zzg ) s²~ .â q -ZÐ ~ Vz~ .â Æ yâ ‡ Xì HtÃkZ Ìä gzZì " $U* Ðg $uz yWŒ Û ** ƒx»kZgzZì x Ì» kZgzZì Ì ó óÅL L~ .â q -ZÐ ~ Vz~ .â Æ yâ ‡òsZ b§ÏZ "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

21 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³ (35)ó Xó ì HtÃkZ Ìä}g øgzZì { ] , ZŠm{q -Z

Ô|gŠ Ôkªz q )Z ì CYƒ ãZz ] !* t Ð b‹kZÆ k&Z ** Ññ c* ,q Vzg et ì CWt ‚ Ì|t Ð kZ b§ÏZ X  9zŠ ÅŠ ¿Z 7©q Z » Vz~ .â x ÓÆ yâ ‡òsZ , q VÐt ._Æ ô¥Åk& Z ** Ññ %ÆyZ L L a kZÔì ~gz¢†ŸZ »ÅgzZs²q -Š 4, ÆyZ ÔçOX '™ (37)ó Xó @ * W7~‚fg¦Zg7»Vz~ .âÆyâ ‡òsZ

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ÔÝZgŠ Ô + Š Zg ø ì CY W~™Ð ã ‚ W] !* t ÂB { ^ ,Y ],¸ç ¤ /Z gzZ k , g » Ô„ Zâz%ZzZ Æ yZXì hZz Ð „ ] Z f Å ÅzmvZ -x™ Z wÎg Ùñ{ÅyZ~A çm{Ë J -VŒÔŸgzZwqZÔ] ⊠@* gzZsÔNW C1

tŠ ™JÂÌt pÔì [  ÅvZ Ôµš ˆyWŒ Û Xì îŠ ¯z »+ŠÐZ Ì t Ô]c* Wt Ð äâ  Û Æ -ZgzZ ðƒ k¤Œ Ûd $i  c* â Û ä V,Z X ~ F, Z6,wŠÆ Ë~ .â » + Š  M hÈ] !* t Ôï@* š ë Z®X ðW~ Š z K M F, t gz Z 'gÎ ._ÆkZ c* ì @* WÐ p ÖZÆyWŒ ÛJ -ë+ŠÐ yZX ì ] Z f Å„vZ wÎg Ð)g fÆF, Z Âà¸yWŒ Û b§TX ë< L ë&ì q¸XпÆyZ TX ì%Z {”" $U* -ZÐ ÚÅ F,Z ÂiÌ< q L b§ÏZ Ôì |œq -Z ÷Rŵz — ËÌ~ kZ b§ÏZ Ô7< á » yáz d $g Ë~ kZ b§ ™Å +Š {z b§TgzZì q nÑZZ # Zz Ìt b§ÏZ Ôì ÿ) Z Z # Zz {z b§TX 7 Xì +Š Ìtb§ÏZÔì { z Ôì + Š¼ ce IV- c*  \zg zŠ Æ |„ q -Z < L z [ Åg $uX  , q zŠ ¸ '=g f » + Y +Š ªXì fp â Ð „ < L z [ [!* Æó óy ZöL L[ Åx HŠ *ZaÆÃa9Xì 7„  gŠÐÃa/yÒt 1C XìÆ·_» ó ó~Š IzwßZL L "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

22 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

Å^g7g c* Š ZŠzg Å Vß Zz g d $Œ Û gzZG g ÔÚ Š ÃÅzmvZ -\ W|ÝZ LZizgz‘  Æ\ Wn¾Ô]Ý ÅwqZgzZVhÔwZ ¸ZÆ\ W~zZg~yZXì ë›0Ð < L z yWŒ Û ª+ Š g $Š q Zt ì zz ¸ X  D™yÒ ~ p ÖZ .â ~Šã ~ CÆ+Š ì ãZz > Ø Z^!* ]!* t X ˆ0=gf ëZq -Z »KgzZ + Y ù ZgfŠ OZ. Þ ‡gzZ]k , èx°Ð ë›{Š ‚Æ]¡z=Ô“ _Ð < L zyWŒ Û XnYc* Šg Z Œ Û ¿zw¸»wÎg¹Z ì $ Ë ¯. Þ ‡kZÃyZ „e $ZzgÐ

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~ŠZÐZÔmÐZ} .Xìݬ»+Š}g7ݬ»yZX”6, +Š}g7< L z[ yZ]c* Z@~gz¢~}g!* ÆqC Ù n¾b)RgzZ CÑçÔÙçÔÏ0 + i¦½ZgzZ V;z ÔåÆw)Z V˜ ÔˆÅ,V;z Ô¶]gz¢Å,V˜ X  Š ñg0 +ZÆ gZzŠZZVZzg» »Ï0 + iX Š HH7n°V;zÔå4n°x°V˜gzZŠ H1x»Ðw)Z g±ZÆÎâÅ]5ç ¶F~k , +ptÅszøzwZjZXì @* 5 g¦ / Ð]ÑqgzZ Za ]gz¢ÅŠ¿Z ì q {z ¸XñY 3gpÅtÛt »n°x°gzZ w)Z Ô,Ð ä< L zyWŒ Û ~X[Å䙳A » Z} .~b)z]5çyZªXì C™ # çOX TgDƒZaB‚ÆpÆäâi{zgzZì 1x»Ðn°x°c* Z w)Z .âÆyâ‡òsZZ ~ # gzZÇñY1x** »< L zyWŒ Û ÂÇñYH™f »Vz~ .âÆ+Š XÇñYHï á ÌŠ¿ZB‚ÆVâzŠyZÂÐN YKyÒ kÜZ îG%¬ÔVpÑŠgzZ]%¥ÅmÀñƒD™Š¿Z{z ì~gz¢aÆ$q -Z wðÃ{z´ÆkZÅ q)ZXÇgpÅÌÃgZŠZzxÎgÅ}ÑçgzZð>gzZª œÅ ÔpÒ » ÅÅkÜZ îG%¬gzZ s²»}ÑçÔì ñZg ~Š¿Z.Å {z 7 Xì‚ rgwÅgÇŠæ¡~~i‚yâ‡: ZI|gzZ¿. Þ ‡Ô|gŠ [Y 1992]

³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

23 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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[Z »Wq -Z6, $Šyâ ‡ e

1C ©$E LZ ä~gŠ ‡r # ™gzuxÝ** Ññ6,Ãî0G Æó ót ZÑZ L Lk , æ~}g !* Æe $Š

¦ Û gzZ :Ô~gT{gWXì èWo„q -Z Œ6,o lZ &~ ó_ ó Z L Lá ‚g LZ~}g !* ÆwÑ+Z ~Š ã CÆWkZëÔñƒD™i Z0 +ZÃÃVzûc* #I t ©$E XÐ,™s # ŸzÅÃî0G ì : â ` q -Zt ìtñZg Å ó ót ZÑZ L k , L æ ~KkZ ?ì H|Åe $Š [ !* kZp¤ /ZXƒ c* àyvðÃßc* yY Å¿Ëä Tì @* ƒZ +¬6,¿kZ Xeƒ7t · ZÐ ]â l~Š ã CyZ¹ZpÔì ¸ ÌñZgÅ~gŠ ‡** Ññ~ $ŠÐ < e L zyWŒ Û ~ñZg Å ó ót ZÑZ L k , L æXì g ®Z »wÑ+ ZÆó ót ZÑZ L Lk , æ6, Ð}ífÆ[Š Z ‹Y äV,ZçOX Q7ðÉg ðÃ~䙳|Å ** Ññ@' , ÆkZX åHg¦~}g !* Æe $Š »V1² ų] !* tÆ™Š PZ Xì @* Yƒç»e $Š|Єg $uzyWÛŒ Bt~gŠ ‡ gz$¹ o ^ZÐ g $uz yWŒ Û » ~gŠ ‡ ** Ññ~A çkZ ì k\Z …

&ŠaÆ+ YÃa»x HŠ *Z~}g !* /ŸÀG X ó ó]Zk , ±zŠzuL LÔ õG Æe $Š 1C

"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

24 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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Xo³×F³³ÂLswL L ï Š™" $U* ] !* tÐáZjÆógó ZuÑZÙ L gLzZ ógó ZâÑZgâ L L C4

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»yvÙç{Zpe $ŠXƒ»ÎâÅ„yZz@* ˜iÑÔ[zzxz²t ì7ŠñÜŒ Û ðà t Û ~xz²ÆkZ~]gßÌËÔƒ:â` zyZz@* ¡c* 7ÅyYc* IZ {ZpÔƒw$ ¡ + yZ óo×FÂç L OXìYƒwEZV7aÆ]gßq -ZC Ù Ð~yZ óo×FÂgLzZ @* W7 À& /ŸG ˆyWŒ Û Ô õG ŠQXì 7gÇŠæÌb§Ë~h eŠ Z%Ãp„q -Z ËÐ~VÐ :ì \¬~g !* Š á g ZX ñƒyÒB‚Æóo×FÂLÏZÌx©Zàâ‰bÆgzZ}gñ~ 6,yZÔVƒ n pg‰ Ü ¤ÅkZgzZL L

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èºmø‚ûÊô äö³ÞøçûÏönû_ô³mö àø³mû„ô³$Ö] o³×ø³Âøæø ( 184:2{ÂZ) .ànûÓôŠûÚô Ýö^Ãø›ø àønûjùô‰ô Ýö^Ãø›û¬ôÊø Äû_ôjøŠûmø Üû³$Ö àû³Ûø³Êø (4:58!Š ÎZ ) .^÷ßnûÓôŠ û Úô

6,]!* kZ » ** ÑñçOXì ãZz ~gz$ÅwÑ+ ZÆ~gŠ ‡ ** ÑñÐ ,kZ aÆ+ YÃkZgzZì @* Yƒç»e $Š |Ð „ˆyWŒ Û ì p"g ZÜZ Xì 7]gz¢ÅŠ PZÐùZg f Yg {… huzŠ~KkZäV,ZXìÅo^ZÐg $uÆ~gŠ‡** Ññ|¸¼ gÃèê~Açq -ZÆe $Š »ÅzmvZ -]|VW~g $uq -ZXÅ `gŠ X D M~pÆ'c* yZz@* Ô: â ` ÂVÐt 2C X 33Ô1991~g†ó_ ó ZL L 3 C X 32Ô sZ 4C "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

25 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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ðà »vZ wÎgŠp~ V(uVâzŠ Ð ,™7g ïZÐ ] !* kZ ~gŠ ‡ ** Ññ §Zz]gßÂg $u~uzŠXƒC7,Ýzg6, |Åe $ŠÐTZƒ7e $Zzgw¸(Z ¸C Ù „~g $u«%Z Ô WŠpp ÖZ ä ~zZgaƬæg Ö ZgzZì yÒ » Y ½] !* ¸ {Š c* iÐ {Š c* içOX Š HÑ1t ‚Æg—]´ ì CWt ‚] !* EG +Š F, h Åg¦ÆV1²ävZ wÎg ì $ Ë ó ót ZÑZ L k , L æ Â] !* t pÔÅ7ûG3Ò›$ c* ì [²x¯=g f ÝZ » + YÃ|Åe $Š ì C™—ñh +' × Ã„ÃakZÆ X Q7ŠæðÃ~çÆ|Åe $ŠÐg $uzyWÛŒ tgzZ :~wìÆó ót ZÑZ L k , L æXì ZƒwEZ {ðe $Š Â~Y ¨ KïgÎ Ôì Š Hc* ZIZ # Zz&™f »Ú kZ~ ¬Æ[ z¤ /Z1Ð zg Åš M ²L L "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

26 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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{zçOXDYƒ³Ð„x¯t(gzZs²z¹sÜpÆóó{ðL L ïŠ7 ïŠgZŒ Û î6, ¯ÏZÃ~i‚yâ‡~[!* kZÅvZwÎggzZB±Â`ZìÆe $Š çÆx|Æ{ð ŒtÔ6,gîßÔ{zÐVÓÑ!* !"Æót ó Ñ Z ZL k L æVZ' , , +' h × X g ZŒ Û ßÐZ {zçOXì * @Y H ˜iÑâ»q -ZC Ù Ð~x¯t(gzZs²z¹aÆ Ôì @* ƒ`Z»{)zs²z¹gzZ„zg¨~]gßÏZsÜó ó{ðL L ë ñƒïŠ èa ó óe $Š L LÂXƒ @* Y Ñ1 a Æ p{Š c* iÐ q -Z ÐZ ªÔƒ ²Z uœZ # kZªóÑ ó w$ + LLÂtXì 7Ì`ôZ Å âÆs²Ë…Z®Ô7²Z uœ Xì@* ƒZ +¬6, áZzäàg¢ÃŸc* yYìãZzÇ!* ~pÆäâ`  ÐKÃa » ó ót ZÑZ L Lk , æ ~gŠ ‡ ** Ññ~A çkZÔ Hn²ä ë 6 x¯t (gzZs²z¹aÆ”ÅpLZ {ð ì CY½] !* tZ # Xìg܇ ÆVÐyZgzZì ÔÅ ùZgfZ +ZiÐx¯t(gzZs²z¹Š°ÐkZ Âì `Z»„ ³Ð„âƃ  yZÔ˜iÑÔx|»{ðC Ù @* W7xiÑtÌÐäW~¿„q -Z 8Šæ ÌÐ x¯t(ˆÆs²z¹aÆp”Âì ²Z uœÂ¤ ¢ /ZXǃ ™e $ñ„â»s²ˆÆ¹~VÂg߉c* ¹sÜÂì7(Z¤ /ZgzZÏ}7, »¬kZ ì CYƒ³]!* tÐäW{ðÆó óe $ŠLL~e $Wck , içOXì Y &ŠaÆ+ YÃa»x HŠ *Z~}g !* /ŸÀG X ó ó]Zk , ±zŠzuL LÔ õG Æe $Š 5C X sZ 6C "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

27 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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Ô ñƒ D™e $¬g ŬÝZ Z®X ¶~Š™~i ‚yâ ‡._Æ` Zzgx ¬Æ[² ó ót ZÑZ L k , L æXì $ Ë YÅ~i ‚yâ‡Ô._ÆszcÆkZ~}ÑçC Ù Ì` W {•ïgÎgzZäW{ðÆe $ŠÂ~(Y¨ KÒgÎ)óä×a] oÖ] èÛ×ŠÚ èmBL¯ÅñZgkZÅ Æw Ñ+ ZÐ {ðX ì 6,¬Æ( 5ZŠ Z ._Æg2Š )óÍæ†ÃÛÖ^e Å^fi^³ÊÆ L ¼Xì c* Š™ ãZz äë{zÔ¸|"gŠ¾]ŸZ ‹ZÆ~gŠ ‡ ** Ññ~K K Ì6,w Ñ+ ZÐ óÍæ†ÃÛÖ^e Å^³fi^³ÊLä~gŠ ‡ ** Ññ] Ÿ Z ‹ZÆb§ÏZ kZXì ó óð>L ŠL Z%ÐkZÉ Ô7Æ` ZzgpÆszc~wìÆyZX  Xì „ ` ZzgŠ Z%Ð kZ VŒ pÔì @* W~ pÆ szc ó óð>L L 7µ~ sc ó ószcL LÌV˜ ~[|ZÆb§kZ~ˆyWÛŒ akZ Ôì c* Wx ÕäÉ!* À& /ŸG Š }Xì ~pÆ„g2Š : õG » Vƒ â )f Æ \!* Æ a gzZL L

à$ `öiöçøŠûÒôæø à$ `öÎö‡û…ô äüøÖ BôçûöÖçûÛøÖû] o×ø³Âøæø ó Xó ì ._Æg2ŠuZgpzk] ( 233:2{ÂZ) .Í ô æû†öÃûÛøûÖ^eô &ŠQ /ŸÀG íZ Œ Û ½ZŠ LZ ÌZ•» óá^Šu^e änÖ] ð]B] æ Íæ†ÃÛÖ^³e Å^³fi^³Ê L õG ÂÔDƒpëDZsÂgzZsÂÆ}•kZ¤ /ZXìh + ñ»ñZgÅ„ót óÑ Z ZLk , L æÐ {ðb§Å óy ó ˆZLL ós ó zcLL@' , ÆkZ c* @* Wx ÕäÉ!* scb§Å ós ó zcLLÌÔyˆZ VâzŠÔèaÔ+¬}gøXì@* ™ª ÑŠ6, pÆp6, gî¸$ + tÛt~¿„q -ZX@* ƒ ]c* Z@ZzŠt²Xg66, +â ZÌ¥#ÆyZ {zZ®Xf epëÃVÓ "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

28 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

Xˆ~ŠÃyZ0 +{ÆkZgzZL Þ ‡ÐáZjÆ¿6, $Šy⇠e ÐpÖZÆó} ó ™~zcÅszcLÀ L F, » óÍæ†ÃÛÖ^e Å^³fi^³ÊLäó ót ZÑZ L k , Læ 5ÅqVWgŠXìŠ y!* izŠgZîÂG HŒ/wBà ós ó zcL L ì@* ƒW, @* ¸C Ù „ÐkZXìH X2‚Z pë~t(m{q -Z ó óqnZ »szcLgLzZ ó óqnZ ._ÆszcLL~ yZpXìH óó* *™~zcÅg2ŠLLäk&Zr # ™ŒZ}Z** ÑñÀF, »}•ÏZçO :Vƒ±5pÖZÆyZXf e7ó/ó wBLÐ L Z{z ì* @YƒãZzÐ^â~‚Æ

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»yZ0 +{ÆkZgzZL Þ ‡ ÂN YƒèZg6,àâ mŸñOÆãY mŸ{z‰‰‰L L ó Xó ,™ZŠ Ze $ŠZ # ®ÆszcB‚Æ~g Z¦ / ]gzZ ~qyˆZ {z ì n Û (434/1yWŒ Û' , +) D

Æ3 F, zŠg Z {z¤ /Z X ‰ − D™W~ zg ÅW~gŠ ‡ ** Ññ ì @* ƒx¥ X D Y$ÐØiÅWkZ Ái Z Á Âf e™ï@* 6, [|Z

ï Šg Z Œ Û îÃ~i ‚yâ ‡ÅÅzmvZ -g—~}g !* Æe $Š ~gŠ ‡ ** Ññ c* â Û ¼ äg—gzZì ò AZ Zg ‚ »}g ‚Ôì å+Š Zg ø ìtñZgÅyZX  # pÔ „ Z  gŠ6,(KZ ,q ~g ‚t Xì q nÑZ Z # ZzaÆ J -# Ö ª {z ~ [ !* kZ Åg— Âì H«6,s²Æ }Ñ ç y â ‡ » e $Š ä ˆ y WŒ Û «6,s²Ãe $ŠÆˆyWŒ Û¤ /Z r # ™ ~gŠ ‡X ÏñY à ~ pÏZ ~i ‚y â ‡ ,Š g Z Œ Û ‚Ÿ¿. Þ ‡aÆ }ÑçC Ù „ÐZ {z ÂÐ ,™g¨6,ÕÅ ä™ ] ÑqèzcÆVzÑç~ ÎâgzZg ZlÅwâ ~ ZwÅäâ `  a kZXÐ kZÐ ØZÝ ¬çOXì Sg CW~på ¯ ) !* Æwpzp~¥%ÙçgzZ X YYH7Ìg¦»yâ ‡æYË~A çËÆb§ [Y 1992]

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29 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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t Ð )g fÆ kZXìz~gz¢q -Z » V2c* g ~g/ {Šñ¿»]!* NZ ] ((+C Ù âaÆn¾kZXìÝqÃ{z¤ / ¾G@* {Šc* iÅxZúìCYÅx¥]!* vß „zn Y c* ¯ D{Š c* iÐ {Š c* iÃ]!* kZ @* Ô K m, ?j§Zä ~ Vzg ZŠ Z y Z vß { zgz Z X ñƒ Ýq ^zz {Š c* i wqqJ -g Z M Z y Z- Z X ‰ Û A $Z {zÔC Ù „ÔpÔì 7Ýq Âe $×ò Zú{Š c* iqÃW: oÑ ~gz¢q -ZG @* ò ZúaÆ îJ -g Z MZ yZ-Z ÔÌ~ xsZ + Š }g ø b!* Æ yZ x  » yZ L L ì ðƒ yÒ ¤St Å yZZ IZ ~ ògØ ïgÎXì 1C

tq -ZÐ ~ yZÔì @* ™ðÉgs§ÅVßßZ ~Š ã CX]tóì ó ¸Ð}gt XƒÝqe $×Åe $ÒZ Åx Zú&ce NgZ MZÃ{z¤ /ÏZ~„  c* gòsZì Æ„  c* g~hÆXÔN YbŠg Z Œ Û Évß{zì ¸ Ÿ» » bzgÅ}gt ™g (Zx Â{zÐ~VñÂh +] .Æ]!* NZaÆÑkZXƒe $ÒZ ÅV-à Xƒ4Ѓ  Ðp ÒkZ Ôce¢ 8 X 38:42 1C "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

30 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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„zx H{Š c* iЃ  Ôq -Š 4, ÆvZ )ó ÜÒ^Ïi] ä×#Ö] ‚ß ÜÓ³Ú†³Ò] á]L:ì ½] !* ~„  c* gòsZq -ZgzZ~xsZIZtÈ ( Xìg ÇÌ6,{Š c* iЃ   Ôì CZÃ-Z vßgzZ Vƒ idvß {z Xce ãƒÝqÃg ZŠ™wŪ f z sÑg £ Xì Z',gZŠ™ »XÔVƒg Ñ~ wf Zg Z vß{zgzZ ÔVƒïqÆg ZŠ™—  N ¯ Z +‡ Æ g ZMZì Le bŠ rz Û 6,gîÆ e $ZzggzZgŠq -Z Ã] !* kZ xsZ b§ÏZ Æg ZMZ vßì 7{h +I ] !* tq -Š 4, Æ kZ X Ù: Ýqg ZMZ Ô¨ ¤ Æs # ZÜä ÅzmvZ -vZ wÎgX Vƒ V á ÃaÆä0* ÃkZgzZ Vƒøw fâ ÐZì @* YƒIZ ** aÆ£kZ¿{z~x Â}g øì c* â ÛtB‚ kZ òŠ W Š Hc* Š~ËÆéZpt¤ /Z ~Š â  Û Ìs # ŸztgzZXƒøw»kZgzZ X 13:49 2C "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

31 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

X σÝqŠæÅvZ ÂZƒÝqÆéZp%¤ /ZgzZ ÇñYƒ+6, g ZŠ Å -Z Â** q YÛ A ~]!* NZx Â{Šñ»Š Z Û ZïqÆ] :SyZ Â, ™g¨ë¤ /Z N YÅ] q &Z~x ÂkZì ~gz¢aÆkZXì ÂÌ** ƒq -ÑÔs§ A &z DgzZ ðZŠ ·Ðg ZŠ™ q OÔøwÆg ZMZ ~ TñY c* ¢ ¯ x  (ZgzZ Ð ~ ] !* NZ } ; x  {ŠñX à W: ~ g Z MZ vß # Ö ‡ { @* ÃÐ g ±Z Æ

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ªÆÔì @* ƒx¥Vziñ{Š c* iÔ ×ÔaÆä0* Ãœ£yZÔx »ÏÒúƒ p Ð ìt ] !* ÝZçOX N Y à ™]q &Z ~gz¢aÆä0* Ãœ£yZ~ kZ êŠ ÌZ âZ xsZ qñY 3gÃ7gz¢ÃqZ _ ZÑyZ ‰ Ü z D™g (Z x  [Y 1993]

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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

32 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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^÷³–Ãûeø Üû³Óö³–ö³Ãû³e$ gû³³jøÇû³mø Ÿøæø ÜøvûøÖ ØøÒö^û³$m áûø] ÜûÒö‚öuøø] g% vômöø] .åöçûÛöjöaû†ôÓøÊø ^÷jnûÚø äônûìôø] ( 12:49]ZÆZ)

Ôì ** 3“  Í » 𸠿s™ » b§Tì ¿s™q -Z » b§ÏZ Õª kZì Šz'" q -ZÉX }Š™ qzÑ ** ²Š ZÉÅ ð¸Ôð¸gzZƒ [%{z² §Zz]gß** ™yÒðZ' ,ÅkZ~ÏŠñx°Å¿ËXì܇¬Ð1zgÃÝ ª LZ: k0* ÆkZa kZXì * @Y0¿» b§ÏZìt |ÔÐg ±ZÆ "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

33 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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34 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

Ô „ZÍ~ª Z°Xì C0* gZŒ Û ~gz¢Ð zg Å„ +Š ]‡zZ ‰É Ôì C7,** ™t ÆäXÐÑÆ kZÐZ c* bŠ {gt~}g !* ÆËÿËÔŠ c* Û s ÜÆÕ  kZX  'gß„ +Z {)z®» wYgW~eÆ e $Zzg ïgzZ ** ™Ãa zŠÃÕìt Â3 Zg q -Z X  Kg (Z 5 ZgzŠ ä faÆ ä™gzŠ Ã´Ú N Ya] 5ç{z~)øÕX ñYc* Š™„~<IÕgzZ)øÕ :V” yZ< IÕgzZ ì CY Å Æ ] »ø‰Š Áz Š YgzZ$z ?E +W~ X

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ƒk , /** ¦ WÅ b§kZÔÐg ±ZC Ù t ÜZgzZ+ŠÔ~XñYª0Ð]5ç à ZzÕ b IñY~Š™p°ú â zìY+Z ÅÕìt3 Zg ZuzŠXì CY Ôì @* YƒÝqÐ „ VâzŠÑÝZp¤ /ZX Vƒ CW: ~} ],ZŠÆ kZ 'gß Æ|takZ Ôì @* ƒx¥9{Š c* i~«£Æ3 Zg¬3 Zg ZuzŠt p ²Xì Zƒ ._Æ ¹s²t :Z » ÕÂ6,Õ~ kZgzZì d $Œ Û {Š c* i Xì @* ƒwEZi Wg ¡™? Ø ÐpszcLZt~b ˜ZÅ ó< ó IÕ L L 6,WkZ s܈Å~}g !* Æ¿Ët :Z »ÕÔ~ ]gßkZ Ôwq¾ WgzZƒ$z ?E +ÅkZŠ°Ð kZgzZ Vƒ ˆÅyÒ V× Z' ,ÅkZ ~ T ǃ » ó óÕ L LŠpoÑÅ ØZXìg —Њ Û ´Wtƒt éZpÅá Zz ä™  ˆðÎa kZ _ ZÑÅä™yÒÆ VÇZ' ,gzZ + M Å$z ?E + gzZì Ÿ» kZgzZŠÔŠ ÁzŠ Y~KkZXì ð MÐ {z -ZƘÅkZ~ g $uz yWŒ Û X  x` ~ w{eKZ , qtì ßÐzz kZ™f »] »øt}uzŠ‰ Xì Š H»zgÐyZÆ™™f µ Zµ Z~g $uzyWÛŒìzz¸ [Y 1993]

³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

35 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

36 å]… ØnÖ


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om i.c id am rg gh d.o ad wri hm a da l-m ve .a .ja w w ww w w

X ,™yz¬gzYZ ‚ÔB‚ÆVƒ ÉgÏ(

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ЃzÕIègzZÙçÔCÑç{znƒetaÆy¨ KZ @* ÔN Y~Š™ãZz ƒ ³]dŠ Å ó óãZ/ Ò@çL Lì t ]gz¢Ô~ p ÖZ }uzŠ Xá 0* ] œ£yZXnƒi !* { ZgÅä0* w2Å)¬{ ÃggzZe $w㨠KZÔ¦½Zw° @* ÔN Y yZgzZ] Zg (ZÆVâ ZxÔ‚Ÿ»úÅ# Ö Óì ~gz¢aÆä™Ýqà bŠ™ðœ£Yg {gzZ ½ZŠÆ„  c* ggzZ øZ Û z t £ÆV-àÔVc* g ZŠ)f Å ÐVzUƒ  yZä+Šì @* ƒx¥Ð¬_Æ~t< L gzZˆyWŒ Û XN Y XÐ,™ ±ÂÅ]x-ZÅ+Šë~gT{gWXìÅðÉgb§~g7~gø

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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

37 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

B‚Æ< L zyWŒ Û sÜ® ) ¤ZÔZl zya"gzZ~wqC Ù  ~Š íâ  Û ãZzÌ] !* t :ì ~0 + zZ} .Š  á g ZÔì m{ ~ ? ÔÅVÍßyZgzZ Ôz™® ) ¤Z ÅwÎggzZÔz™® ) ¤Z ÅvZÔß Zz yZZ} ZL L G ' vZÐZ ÂÔƒñZg½ %Z~A çˤ /ZÔyxgŠ}g é£+QX Vƒ%Z ïE L 8™Ð x ZgzZì 4¸Xƒ n pgyZZ6,]y WÄ- gzZvZ ?¤ /ZÔzŠ¢s§ÅwÎggzZ ( 59:4Y ûZ) ó Xó ì YZÌÐp ÒÆ

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òsZÄ  c* gx ¬q -Z Ôì ¤S~i q Ð Z {z„x ª»„  c* g ËÔ6,wßZkZ Ô~„  c* gòsZq -Zì * @Yƒ ~gz¢t Ð zg ÅwßZ kZgzZÔì îŠ ¯ „  c* g ÔçOX ñY H: s ZZ LÐ < L zyWŒ Û Ô »úÅx Âc* ƒ »+ zD +Åyâ ‡nç &Š /ŸÀG {Z +â ïgÎXì c* Šg Z Œ Û ¬Ãs ZZÆq âkZÔB‚Æs # ZÜ~(,äˆyWŒ Û Ô õG :ì ~ ó Xó  Û »„zÔì Hwi ** ävZ&Ô,™:ê._Æyâ ‡kZgzZL L ( 44:5)

Ð Vâ › Lg7¹!* x ·Z ðÃ~A çkZÔˆÆô¥kZ ňyWŒ Û Ð yZZÚÂ,Š™i Z0 +ZÃ{z¤ /ZÔ&Ôì qH{zgzZì [£lzg H6,R¦½Z X M hƒxzøÌ "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

38 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

ŠzÑ»„  c* g

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:ì ~

» i ú ÂÔÐ ©g ZMZ ~ }iukZÃyZ ë¤ /Z ( vß {z yZZ IZt) L L ó Xó ÐXzgÐðZ' , gzZÐ,Š¬» ð>ÔÐ,™ ZŠ Z>2iÔÐ,™x ÈZ ( 41:22)

t Ð zg Å kZçO Xì C™yÒ s Z@Z àSÆ „  c* g òsZ`™›Wt ~}Ñ çgzZƒ6,VzŠ ã C¦½Zx ÈZ » > 2igzZi ú~„  c* gòsZì ~gz¢ \¬vZZ # Ôb§ÏZX N YK ]âZŠZÆwLZÆVÇZ' ,gzZ rz Û ÆVÇ> : ðâ  Û te $Z@«ÂÔXyÒ]‚ ‚ ZÅ# Ö Óx ÂòsZ~Y ¨ KïgÎä yxgŠÆ VÍßZ # gzZ z™ ZŠ ZÃVzg ZŠ hÆ yZPâ Zì êŠ ¬"vZL L ³³³³³ ì @* ™Ã"vZÅTÔtì ]!* {e $.X z™B‚Æw°ÂÔz™ê ( 58:4) ó Xó ì ÑZzÚ ŠgzZÑZzG gvZÔ—"

ÆøZ Û z t £~„  c* gòsZq -Zì ꊙ ãZztˆyWŒ Û Ðe $Z@kZ Ã] ¬Z 4, gzZ Ç ñY 3g pÅwßZ » ó zó ™ ZŠ Z ÃVzg ZŠ hÆ yZ Pâ Z L L~ ä™ ZŠ Z X σÝqwÅgŠ~Š ã CìÆó óz™B‚Æw°êL L~ä wÅ # Ö Zq -Z Ô6,Vâ ›x ÓÔä ˆyWŒ Û ce 6g ãZz ] !* t VŒ x Óì ÅZ +¬~g ZŠ)f Åäàb§kZx »+ŠÃ *Š ~g ‚ªÔh]Š ÞÔÐ … â y›Ã+Š TáNŠ {zXá ™{@x~ ]gßï» +Š kZ ã ¨ KZ Ý ¬ "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

39 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

Ôì @* ™ «¦½Zx Â÷Ã+ M¨ KZgzZ @* Ñ~Šz{Ñç ÷Ô@* ™ Za y¨ KZù {z :ì \¬~g !* Š á g Z~yZ/wWïgÎ »szc?Xì ˆÅ 0* ,aÆ( ]Š ÞÅ+Š6, ' ) VÍß Ôƒ# Ö Z +4? L L ( 110:3) ó Xó ƒn pgyZZÔµZß Z°Ô6, vZgzZƒÈ zgД GÔƒï Š¬

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g ZŠ', DÅ+ŠÆ]Ñ»gÇŠgz6, Ì~`g{LZÐZÉ ÔìgZŠ)f Åpgì‡Ã+Š Xì ** ™ZŠ Zg ZŠ™ CZÐwÅ

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B™g (Z3 Zg »¬ ôÜyZx‰ Ü zˤ /Zì CWt ‚Ì]!* tÐ g $Š q Z Å%Zr # ™ì @* YƒÝq htÃyZZIZÉ ÔSg7xi Ñ® ) ¤ZtsÜ:  Ô,™4z] .ŶŠ™wzdÐ £kZÐZ ƒe¤ /ZgzZ,Š™g ïZÐ ® ) ¤Z :ì e $ZzgÐ# Ö ™0{Š „ "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

40 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

¬îðÃ?Z # ÔƒM h™‰ Ü zkZ'Z×ÐyZ ?:c* â Û äÅzmvZ-Ñ L L G '+ ó Xó ƒŠñuÅvZk0* }g é£ ~}g !* ÆTÔdŠÐs§Åy Z ( {g â ÑZ[ÂÔ›)

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»VÍßyZ)1X ` { Zg Åäs{z Ôc* Šg Z Œ Û” G( y´ÑZZ)ÐZ ä TgzZ ZI~', Æy Zë H ?Y7 ä VÍßX Å ~zc ÅkZgzZìgèZg6,kZ ( ì ZuzŠnç -‰ J Ü z kZ) g _7,i ú{z J -Z # Ô7:c* â Û ä \WÂ,™: wys Ü ( Y Z%ÑZZg ïÑZ[z[!* Ô›) ó óX ( 7

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41 å]… ØnÖ


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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

42 å]… ØnÖ


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X σÁêñZgÅe $ÒZì ÌtŸ»¸$ +q -Z »¬kZ ÂÃ: 5 wÎg ä \¬vZì Y Y c* ÎÐ ] !* kZ { i Z0 +Z »ÌZ ÅwßZÆ}gt :ì ~yZ/wWïgÎX Åe $Z@Åä™g (ZÃÏZ ÌÃvZ e {gt~ ]5çÐ yZ gzZƒe ]na Æ yZ Ôz™g¦ f / gŠ Ð yZ ÂL L ( 159:3) ó Xó ƒg

x »~ðÉg„  Zg { Z' ,Å\¬vZÅzmvZ -Ñce6g ãZz]!* tVŒ

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43 å]… ØnÖ


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54 å]… ØnÖ


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f Î » Vƒ ZwòsZ ÔaÆ g ì‡6,yZgzZpg ì‡Æ ÞZ Šzu Ôˆ y M Œ Û Æs »Zz w°gzZx ªÆyâ Zz ðZ sÜN Zwt t ÈXì êŠg Z Œ Û ~gz¢ ì |{z¸Xì QŠæÌ~š M F, gzZÉH, ÆŠ Z Û ZÐyZÉ Ô7=g f »„f Î tV˜ÔçOXì H{g á Z ñƒD™yÒyâ ‡»mŸäˆy M Œ Û s§ÅT Ìs # Ÿzt V;z ÔÐz™yâ ‚ »DÆÏ0 + i¦½Z ?Ð)g fÆmŸ c* â Û 6,lzgÅò ¾ªÔ~g ZŠ k0* ÅÞZŠzu? dž̳t» f ÎÆyâ ‡kZ ~Š â  Û ( 179:2{ÂZ )X ƒ Y0á Zz½ 6,] ÷ZpgzZ] !* .LZ {z ì @* _ ™š M F, Åy¨ KZtXì ]Š „ë Zq -ZÔ {izg "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

59 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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60 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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61 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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62 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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63 å]… ØnÖ


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64 å]… ØnÖ


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65 å]… ØnÖ


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66 å]… ØnÖ


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67 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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68 å]… ØnÖ


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69 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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70 å]… ØnÖ


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71 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

7 2 å] … Ø nÖ 


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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

7 3 å] … Ø nÖ 


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74 å]… ØnÖ


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75 å]… ØnÖ


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76 å]… ØnÖ


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77 å]… ØnÖ


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78 å]… ØnÖ


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80 å]… ØnÖ


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81 å]… ØnÖ


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82 å]… ØnÖ


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³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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84 å]… ØnÖ


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85 å]… ØnÖ


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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

86 å]… ØnÖ


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87 å]… ØnÖ


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88 å]… ØnÖ


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89 å]… ØnÖ


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90 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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91 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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92 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

93 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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94 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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95 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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96 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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97 å]… ØnÖ


³³³³³³³³³³³³ t # Id³³³³³³³³³³³³

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98 å]… ØnÖ


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101 å]… ØnÖ


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107 å]… ØnÖ


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109 å]… ØnÖ


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110 å]… ØnÖ


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121 å]… ØnÖ


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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

122 å]… ØnÖ


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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

126 å]… ØnÖ


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130 å]… ØnÖ


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131 å]… ØnÖ


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132 å]… ØnÖ


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133 å]… ØnÖ


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134 å]… ØnÖ


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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

135 å]… ØnÖ


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[Y 1992]

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155 å]… ØnÖ


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156 å]… ØnÖ


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[Y 1994 ]

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158 å]… ØnÖ


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196 å]… ØnÖ


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198 å]… ØnÖ


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200 å]… ØnÖ


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201 å]… ØnÖ


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202 å]… ØnÖ


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203 å]… ØnÖ


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205 å]… ØnÖ


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206 å]… ØnÖ


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207 å]… ØnÖ


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229 å]… ØnÖ


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¸'+ M Gg b I~xsZ +ŠXì ]Š „Å„z™fgzZy·Š yŠ Hós MZ L ~˜Íq -ZaÆŠ c* Å[g LZaÆizgP™– ÐqC Ù {È~kZXì¼ mvZ -x™ Z Ñ&ì ]gßdwŠq -Z Å¿6,Sã!* gÏZt Xì * @YƒŠzö z™™f »x ** Æ[g LZ L L:ì ZƒŠ  á g Z~ï' × ïgÎX c* ¯ VY iw~]úŠg »ä Åz ÞZŠ c* Ãðñ»]Š „xÅs MZ Âbâ  Û g¨çOó Xó î Yƒ ˜Ís§ÅkZgzZ [Y 1991]

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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

230 å]… ØnÖ


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231 å]… ØnÖ


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[Y 1992]

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233 å]… ØnÖ


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234 å]… ØnÖ


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235 å]… ØnÖ


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236 å]… ØnÖ


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237 å]… ØnÖ


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262 å]… ØnÖ


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263 å]… ØnÖ


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264 å]… ØnÖ


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266 å]… ØnÖ


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|Å Z} .q -Š 4, Æ\WQÂì ]!* tZ # ³³³³³³³ HÄc* gŠ6, kZäC‡5 kZÔì |g ïZ. Þ ‡** Å Z} .G:c* â Û ä)´ ³³³³³³?ðƒ™VYt. Þ ‡ Ѓ  6, Šz Æ\¬vZq -Š 4, }÷X 7]gz¢Å?Š: ‘Ë=aÆ ¸ ë ÌÔŠÆyZ0ÆXÔä ÅzmvZ -9}÷ìt ?Š ~(, Å Z} .Âì @* ƒx¯ëÐíZ} .ì c* â ÛZ # Ô Ñ17^ÑLä V,Z ( +−Z©z¦MÔ 13/2Mg Çizg ) ó Xó ì G [Y 1993]

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267 å]… ØnÖ


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270 å]… ØnÖ


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271 å]… ØnÖ


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272 å]… ØnÖ


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275 å]… ØnÖ


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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

279 å]… ØnÖ


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om i.c id am rg gh d.o ad wri hm a da l-m ve .a .ja w w ww w w

VÇZ',ÐZgzZ HÉH,»ÑLZ äTÔ Ï¶gl»ÏZ ¼ A ì CC…e $M Xì ** 1» öW ²' × kÓ¼ A akZÔ 1™u 0* Ð Æ# Ö ªÆ™É H,» kÓLZ Z # ëXì 7ŠzöJ - *Š ÏZ Ô¿t »KH, N Y{g÷Õ ~x »}g øb§ÏZXÐ,™É H,Zg øÌ\¬vZ ÂÐZizg LZ {z σ ã!* $gzZ Øgh +' × Ð s§Å \¬vZt X Ç ñYƒ!Zi Z » yZ ÔÐ ~}g !* ÆyZ ÔÐB™{Šß M ðZŠ CZÐ VÇZ' , vß {zgzZX Çñâ  Û 6,VzÈ Åe $ÁÃs§ÅyZ: ÔÐ,™] !* Ð yZ: \¬vZ :ì Š Hc* Š â Û ~ˆy M Œ Û :ìŠ  á g ZXÐ,™„ÉH,»yZ {z:gzZÏñY

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o³Êô Üû³`öÖø Ñø¡øìø Ÿø Ôøòô³³³³³³Öþ5 æ.] Ÿøæø äö×#Ö] Üö`öÛö×(³Óø³mö Ÿøæø ôé†øìô«³Öû] Ÿøæø èôÚø^³nøÏôÖû] Ýøçûmø Üû³`ônûøÖBô †ö³³¿ö³ßû³mø .ܺnûÖô*] h º ]„øÂø Üû`öøÖæø Üû`ônûÒ( ˆømö ( 77:3yZ/w M )

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280 å]… ØnÖ


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ó Xó ƒ Yƒ "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

281 å]… ØnÖ


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LZÔ~]ÑqÆb§C Ù Ôñzò3, gzZ^zwŠ »XÔ왃zg cuÐ yJZ kZ ,i ZâÐ [ æÆ îE 0J4)Š!ѹZSizg \¬vZ Xì Lg tgzZ èZgÐ [g Æ Z} .¹Z ÔÏ ñY ð‹h +âÅ Ÿg Å Z} .¹Z Ô¸ èZgÐ [g LZ {z XÐ îE 0J4)Š!kÓÆVŒb§kZX ÏñY~Š(~¼ A ÃyZgzZ ÇñYHï á ~VzÈ XÐ Vƒ i Z Û uÐ VzÜŸg Å Z} .gzZ yEZÆ ¼ A Ô Ÿ' ,èZgÆ VŒ gzZ ©$E 0* w2ÅîE 0J4)Š!Ñ~*ŠðñÒÈÂì (Ãw¾î0G L ZZ # ¿»ÑPH, n¾ Æóèn•†³Ú èn•]…Läˆy M Œ Û &ÔCY0‚»kZ „  á Š !* {z~]y MgzZ © 8 Xì H¨Ðp ÖZ

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282 å]… ØnÖ


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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

283 å]… ØnÖ


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284 å]… ØnÖ


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289 å]… ØnÖ


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290 å]… ØnÖ


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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

293 å]… ØnÖ


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294 å]… ØnÖ


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295 å]… ØnÖ


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296 å]… ØnÖ


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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

297 å]… ØnÖ


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303 å]… ØnÖ


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304 å]… ØnÖ


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305 å]… ØnÖ


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306 å]… ØnÖ


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307 å]… ØnÖ


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308 å]… ØnÖ


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310 å]… ØnÖ


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312 å]… ØnÖ


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313 å]… ØnÖ


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314 å]… ØnÖ


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329 å]… ØnÖ


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330 å]… ØnÖ


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331 å]… ØnÖ


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332 å]… ØnÖ


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333 å]… ØnÖ


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334 å]… ØnÖ


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335 å]… ØnÖ


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336 å]… ØnÖ


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380 å]… ØnÖ


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381 å]… ØnÖ


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383 å]… ØnÖ


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385 å]… ØnÖ


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»äƒ Ï0 + ix Âq -ZÆ+Š ÌV; ÆyZpÔã7ÂJ - •Z kZv߉ Ãj Ï(Æ+Š wÅ7Z·Æ+Š~ *Š ä V,ZX Š HƒVc* ú¹ U gzZ ¯ªÔ]c* Z@ Å+ Š 0Ð Ï0 + i ~Š ZÐZˆ Æ äCZÃÃakZçO Ô~Š Š OZ6,+Š LZ »VÍß Zƒgz¢{Z +Ãt Єi§kZ%ZX Š H[Š¼ ¹ U½ZŠ 4z] .q -ZX ñƒ. Þ ‡Æäƒ} 9~}ÑçB‚ÆAj™ CZÐZ{zgzZJ(, G ™]g  ŶŠ ¯Üg 0* î0~¢Ã+Š ~ 7,** VZuD Ù ÃVÍßyZ Ôy ÆH !* Ô~ËÆ ÌZ ÅU ½ZŠÆ +ŠB‚Æg¦kZ Ôì Hn²ä ë 6Ôë @* X ¸ ìg X ÎäƒkCyi Z Âx°» q âq -Z Ì~‘J e¦ùÆ+ŠgzZ ˆƒÁ}gŠ Ï0 + i ¦½Z Ô7~ Ï0 + i ~Š ZÐZ sÜ+ Š7µ ðÃ~ kZ Ôq -Š 4, }g ø 7Z·»kZÔìŠ

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Ég Ï(gzZ { E +‚ Z Ôgz øZŠ Ô°eZ Iè b§Å}ÑçC Ù Ì~ o }g ø Å yZ ÔVƒ Î { @* Ãvßt X  Dƒ Z} .** Æ ƒ ** Å}Ñç vß ¸ X  Š ñ ÂVƒðZŠ ·Ð[ ZCZziÎJ gÆyZgzZVƒr1à 1Å]zZ°gzZ] Û o3!* i X CYƒxzn,yZÅ b #Åx ¸ ¬Ðƒ  {zce¹ZÔì H^ ,Ã6, £Æ]Š (ä\¬vZÃVÍßX »% ïÐ ª è…Ãx ¸{zì $ Ë Y ÅyZ~ ]gßÏZ sÜX ,™ b & Z KZ X M h}Šx Zu)** g» "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

388 å]… ØnÖ


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389 å]… ØnÖ


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YY HÐ ] !* kZ { i Z0 +Z »^Åwq]gßXì @* ƒP»}g ÄPC Ù Zg ø +' h × aÆä™ ZŠ ZŠÎgzZ2 Œ Û ÔXì ;g Y ` „ k(,w‚/w‚ {g Ätì wZ΄  ŠÐ MÆV”÷ZaÆkZX M7Ðã ‚ M ÌnŒ Û tXì @* 7,¢ 8nŒ Û X Dƒi Z0 +Z W, Z6, VÎ0* ~g øgzZ ï ŠnŒ Û b§Å]Zí{zXì @* 7, ** ™i ZgŠ 3 Zg »] Ð kZgzZì H¯ ) !* »[ Z±kZì @* ™wZÎt ãÎ 0* lƒ ~ fC Ù 9 9 /ŸF 7 Ð Vzgz øZŠ ?ì H g) , Ù ÔÙ ] !* C Ð VzgzNÔ õG gzZ @* C: L µ Z »kZçX=+E Xì @* ™m,?i„µ Z î ) Zgi KZ ä ë~ wìÆËgzZ ~Š 7¹F, ÃÅä ëq -Š 4, ÆË "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

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ÅóŒ^ßÖ] o³×³Â l^³`ˆ L Æòg »zŠ· &# Ö Z + Zq -Zy ›ë +Š~Šz¦½Z LZy›ìtÈ » ~g ZŠ)f kZXì Š HH^ ,Ã6,~g ZŠ)f +Šx Âãzg0 +Z »Vâ ›Z # ì$ Ë Y ~Š~]gßÏZ „ ZÍtX N Y0{ ZÍÆ n¾X Vƒ:%»g ZŠ™dZ ð•Z¦ù¨Š Z Û ZÆkZXƒg ZŠs M »] xÅxsZ Æ *Š {z b§kZgzZ N Y 0 ó ó‰z # Ö Z L gLzZ ó ó# Ö ZíL L~ p ÖZÆ y M Œ Û {zt X N Y0{ ZÍÆ+Š LZt ‚

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391 å]… ØnÖ


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393 å]… ØnÖ


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395 å]… ØnÖ


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396 å]… ØnÖ


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397 å]… ØnÖ


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398 å]… ØnÖ


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399 å]… ØnÖ


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405 å]… ØnÖ


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406 å]… ØnÖ


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407 å]… ØnÖ


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[Y 2003]

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"All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

408 å]… ØnÖ


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l^nâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ă­ "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of the publisher and the author."


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411 å]… ØnÖ


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yZ äkZpX¸7¸"Ð ]Z W,Z à©)gzZ ÑÅx » LZxj% ** Ññ D MÃt ‚ÆŠ *Z LZq]Š XgzZ {Š ‚‰{zH7Za =ðÃ~,Å ó ó„Z Û §· LLäV,ZXD MÃ~Ï0 + i ~y M KZt‚Æh{z{Š‚„ ãZÔ V,Z~ kZX å Hï á Ìy*¿q -Z6,Ï0 + i ] ÑqÆŠ *Z LZ~ i ¸ MÆ 6, zZÐ V'ÆgZi ZWq -ZXì HÌ™f »VîWd‰ÅŠ *Z LZgzZ KZ ä J-# E A 0* Ãñƒ D Z Í õF LZЊ *Z LZ {z~y MÆWkZX ¶Ì0Ðp pg ÌŠpä ~ » ªÏZ Å ÏzuÐ M Æ hgzZ ÏŠ ‚ ÅËÅyZ X  D M {Š c* iaÆ Ü òŠ M HwZÎÐ yZ ä ëXì ]!* Ŭ w‚P Xì H/Š µÅݬÆ}z<Ñ ** Ññ~[ ZÆwZÎkZXì YÄg} ÀÄ {Š c* iÐ -ZÐ y!* q i ÅyZÐ wÅ}È F q -ZÆZ} .X ï Š 7[Z dsÜÐ }Š 7[ Z »wZÎkZ~ìt ] !* E‚ÔÑìXì @* ƒgŠ ™[ Z Z ~ì x¥ ÂÃ\ MX  ŠñDgzZ} À} h Ð ¹ k0* }÷ŠpX Y }÷ b§kZgzZ  Tg D Z´} Àa }÷a }÷X Vƒ 7@* ¾ Šp » Ï0 + i ´Š ÔÏŠ ‚ ~WkZ ÅyZ X  Šñ} À {Š c* iÐ ]gz¢~÷k0* X$ Ë ƒ7„ Za~òŠ M ¦¡Ë{zÔì C MÃ] P`  ÅðÍhgzZgÅ bgy B á m{q -ZÐzzÅËÏZÅyZ ÌÒÅg $uzy M Œ Û kzgŠ ÅyZ "All rights of this book are reserved for the publisher and the author. This copy is for reading purpose only. This copy cannot be uploaded on any website except those of ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ ³³³³³³³³³³³³³³³ the publisher and the author."

412 å]… ØnÖ


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[Y 1998]

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413 å]… ØnÖ


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