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Australian goat

Industry summary 2014


Australian goat industry summary 2014 Contents Introduction ........................................................................................................... 1 2013 – the key numbers ..................................................................................... 2

Australian goat situation and overview ......................................................... 3 Australian goat flock ......................................................................................... 4 Goat flock .............................................................................................................. 4 Slaughter ............................................................................................................... 4 Over-the-hook prices ......................................................................................... 4 Australian goat ..................................................................................................... 5

Goat production ............................................................................................... 5 Average carcase weights ............................................................................... 5 Demand summary .............................................................................................. 6 Australian goatmeat demand summary .......................................................... 7 North America ...................................................................................................... 8 Asia ......................................................................................................................... 9

List of Figures Figure 1 Australian rainfall 1 Jan 2013 - 31 Dec 2013 .................................................. 4 Figure 2 Managed goat flock ......................................................................................... 4 Figure 3 Australian goat slaughter ................................................................................. 4 Figure 4 Export OTH goat prices ................................................................................... 4 Figure 5 Goat production by state ................................................................................ 5 Figure 6 Australian goatmeat production .................................................................... 5 Figure 7 Australian average goat carcase weights .................................................... 5 Figure 8 Australian goatmeat exports and values ...................................................... 6 Figure 9 Australian goatmeat exports to North America .......................................... 8 Figure 10 A$ against US$ ................................................................................................ 8 Figure 11 Export values to North America .................................................................... 8 Figure 12 Goat meat export unit values to Malaysia .................................................. 9 Figure 13 Australian goatmeat exports to China and Malaysia ............................... 9 Figure 14 Australian goatmeat exports to Taiwan ...................................................... 9 Figure 15 Australian goatmeat exports to Trinidad and Tobago ............................ 10 Figure 16 Australian goatmeat exports to Jamaica .................................................. 10 Figure 17 Goatmeat export values to the Carribean ................................................ 10 Figure 18 Australian live goat exports and value ........................................................ 11 Figure 19 Australian goat exports by state of loading ............................................... 11

Caribbean ............................................................................................................ 10 Live exports – summary ..................................................................................... 11 Appendix 1 – Goatmeat exports by destination ............................................ 12 Sources, acknowledgements and acronyms ............................................... 13 Notes .................................................................................................................... 14

List of Tables Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4

Situation and overview for the Australian goat industry ........................... 3 Australian exports of goatmeat .................................................................... 7 Australian live goat exports .......................................................................... 11 Australian goatmeat exports to destinations and major regions by the main cuts ............................................................................................ 12

Authors: Tim McRae and Ben Thomas For more information call MLA on 02 9463 9163 Published by Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd February 2014 © Meat & Livestock Australia Ltd, 2014 While endeavouring to ensure that the information contained in this publication is correct, MLA makes no representation as to, and accepts no liability for, the accuracy of such information including, but not limited to, the forecasts.

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MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014


Introduction Goatmeat is the most widely consumed meat in the world and is an important component of diets in the Middle East, North Africa (MENA) and Asia. A large majority of goatmeat produced is consumed in the country of origin. Total world production of goat meat was around 5.2 million tonnes cwt in 2010, 53,000 tonnes, or 1% of which was traded on the export market at a total value of US$239 million (FAO statistics). Over the past 20 years the Australian goatmeat industry has experienced strong growth, largely underpinned by the sale of goats derived from rangeland or

Meat & Livestock Australia’s Market Information

extensive production systems. Australia is the world leader in goatmeat exports, with around 95% of Australian goatmeat sent offshore and accounting for around 50% of the global goatmeat trade. Around 90% of Australia’s meat production is derived from rangeland goats, the majority of which are mustered from semi-arid western regions of the eastern states. The rangeland goat population was estimated to be between 4 – 6 million head in 2011, but an accurate measure of the population is unlikely, due to the vast spread of the population and ability to reproduce rapidly under favourable

MLA produces a wide range of market information publications, which can be accessed for the latest news, analysis and statistics for the Australian red meat and livestock industry. From MLA Livestock Market Officers at saleyards each day, through to annual forecast and statistical compilations, the provision of timely, accurate and continuous market information is a key service provided to MLA members and stakeholders.

climatic conditions.

All of MLA’s market information publications, including the Australian Goat Industry Summary 2014, are available at www.mla.com.au, or through a direct email service. If you would like to contact MLA’s Market Information Service, please email marketinformation@mla.com.au, or call (02) 9463 9163.

MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014

1


2013 – the key numbers

r overnigh

 Australian goat slaughter in 2013 reached 2.07 million 1 head – the highest on record

t

Australian goatmeat

fresh, delicious and healt

hy

1

 Production reached 31,500 tonnes cwt – the highest on record  Live goat exports increased 19% year-on-year, to 73,600 head  Malaysia received the vast majority of live goats again in 2013  Goat meat exports also reached record levels in 2013, at 32,700 tonnes swt, surpassing the 2012 volume by 12%  The US remained Australia’s largest goat meat export destination, receiving 15,500 tonnes swt  China emerged as a rapidly growing goat meat market, becoming the second largest export destination, taking 4,700 tonnes swt – from just 370 tonnes swt in 2012  Goat meat export values were $161,391 – up 21%

1 Reported by the ABS. There may be some discrepancies between ABS figures and true commercial

operations.

2

MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014

urt

e of ed in with

d a de.

Roast goa

t with veg etables

Preparatio n: 10 Cooking : 1 minutes 2 /2 hours Serves: 6

Ingredients 1.5 kg goat shoulder or leg 1 can diced tomatoes 3 onions, ch 1 can butter opped beans, drai 2 tsp coria ned 4 carrots, ch nder powde opped r 2 tsp black 12 green be pepper ans, trimm 2 tsp salt ed and chop 2 tsp crushe ped d garlic 3 tbsp oil 250 ml of be Method ef stock Rub the leg of goat with salt, coriand Brown wel er and pepp l in heated pan with bu er. Transfer to tter and oil. an ovenproo f dish. In the sam e pan that the meat w until golden as browne . d in, fr y on Add stock ions and ga and tomatoe rlic s 160°C for 2 and mix wel hours. l. Add to m eat. Cover Add the re and roast at maining ingr edients an the vegeta d roast for bles are co a fu ok rt ed her 40 min and taboul and the mea eh. utes or until t is tender. Ser ve with couscous

C o A B A Se


Australian goat situation and overview Table 1

Situation and overview for the Australian goatmeat industry

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

%change

1,078

1,128

1,204

1,201

1,035

1,124

1,637

1,676

1,739

1,857

2,073

11.6%

14.3

15.2

15.3

15.5

15.5

15.6

15.7

15.8

16.3

16.1

15.2

-5.2%

15.5

17.2

18.4

18.6

16.1

17.5

25.8

26.5

28.4

29.8

31.7

6.3%

70.9

50.5

41.7

57.6

89.9

79.8

97.6

77.4

63.3

61.9

75.1

21.4%

15.9

16.9

18.2

19.5

16.7

18.2

24.8

25.9

25.9

29.1

32.7

12.3%

4,682

5,086

7,126

11,367

9,190

11,491

10,346

8,408

8,114

8,373

3.2%

Slaughterings ('000 head)* total Avg carcase weight (kg) total Production ('000 tonnes carcase weight)* total Live goat exports ('000 head) total Goatmeat exports ('000 tonnes) total, shipped weight Live goat exports ('000 A$) total Source: ABS, DA

12,396

* may be discrepancies between ABS figures and true commercial operations

“According to the Goat Industry Council of Australia (GICA), 90% of goat meat production is from rangeland enterprises.”

MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014

3


Australian goat flock Figure 2 Managed goat flock*

Goat flock 

WA 3.7%

Queensland 38.7%

According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (2011-12 survey), the Australian managed goat flock was 516,142 head, with most of the flock (46%) in NSW, Queensland (39%), and Victoria (10%).

This was a decline of 30,471 head, or 6%, on the previous fiscal year, underpinned by a 17% decline in the NSW flock, which was too large to offset increases of 20% and 37% in Queensland and Victoria, respectively.

Other 1.2%

In addition to the managed goat flock is the rangeland population, which in 2011 was estimated to be in the range

NSW 46.1%

of 4-6 million head, however, the accuracy of the estimate is questionable, given the vast spread of the population.

Victoria 10.3%

Source: ABS

*=2011-12

Slaughter 

Figure 3 Australian goat slaughter For 2013, Australian goat slaughter was 2.07 million head2, up 12% on the 2012 total, and 29% on the five-year

'000 head 2500

average, continuing what has been decade of year-on-year increases.

2000

Reflecting the presence of the rangeland population and hot and dry conditions throughout 2013, goat slaughter 1500

in Queensland was up 14% year-on-year, at 747,945 head. Similarly, slaughter in Victoria and NSW was each up 19% year-on-year, at 883,480 head and 95,659 head, respectively. In contrast, slaughter in SA and WA eased, at 369,042 head, and 26,998 head, respectively.

Over-the-hook prices 

Underpinned by the drought induced surge in supplies, the national average over-the-hook (OTH) export goat prices for 2013 was 202¢/kg cwt across most weight categories (10.1-12kg cwt to 20.1kg+

500

Figure 1 Australian rainfall 1 Jan 2013 - 31 Dec 2013

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02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

Legend Highest on record Very much above average Above average Average Below average Very much below average Lowest on record

Figure 4 Export OTH goat prices A¢/kg cwt 350 10.1 - 12 kg

12.1 - 16 kg

16.1 - 20 kg

20.1 + kg

300

250

The 2013 prices averaged 14-15% below the fiveyear average across most categories, despite strong

0 Source: ABS

cwt), which was a 6-7% year-on-year decline.

1000

200

Source: Australian Bureau of Meteorology

international demand and the easing A$ over the

150

course of the year. 2 Official ABS data. There may be some discrepancies between ABS figures and true commercial operations, despite descrepancies the

underlying trends are considered to be reliable.

4

MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014

100 04 05 Source: NLRS

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13


Australian goat Figure 5 Goat production by state*

Goat production 

WA 1.4%

Goat production in 2013 was 31,662 tonnes cwt – 3

the highest goat production year on record .

Average carcase weights

QLD 37.8%

15.2 kg/head, down 5% on the 2012 average,

NSW 4.8%

largely due to the drought conditions in the major

In line with increasing slaughter, and the rising Boer

supply regions. Highlighting the extent of the dry,

goat influence amongst the rangeland population, production has been steadily increasing for a

average carcase weights are 4% below the five-year

SA 17.0%

average – albeit, a period including the two record

number of years, with the 2013 volume up 6% yearon-year, and 23% on the five-year average.

average, reaching the highest annual production on record for a calendar year. Similarly, record

* = 2013

weights, and ultimately production, will largely

30

tonnes cwt, up 12% year-on-year, while in NSW,

20

production reached 1,524 tonnes cwt, up 26% year-

15

on-year. In contrast, production in SA was down 4%

10

Largely illustrated by the impact of the drought conditions of 2013, going forward, average carcase

'000 tonnes cwt 35

25

production halved, at 455 tonnes cwt.

weights in excess of 16 kg/head.

 Figure 6 Australian goatmeat production3

production was also reached in Victoria, at 12,348

from 2012 levels, at 5,372 tonnes cwt, while in WA,

rainfall years of 2011 and 2012, each with average

Victoria 39.0%

Source: ABS

Production in Queensland was 11,961 tonnes cwt in 2013, up 9% year-on-year and 24% on the five-year

Average goat carcase weights during 2013 were

depend upon seasonal conditions.

5 0 97

98

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00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

Source: ABS

According to the Goat Industry Council of Australia (GICA), 90% of goat meat production is from rangeland enterprises. Therefore, going forward the rate of productivity increase will largely depend

Figure 7 Australian average goat carcase weights kg/head 20

upon seasonal conditions, along with the rate Boer 18

goat genetic infusion. 16

14

3 Official ABS data. There may be some discrepancies between ABS

figures and true commercial operations, despite descrepancies the underlying trends are considered to be reliable.

12 97

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00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

Source: ABS

MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014

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Demand summary 

Australian goat exports during 2013 reached 32,671 tonnes swt, up 12% year-onyear, and the highest volume on record.

Figure 8 Australian goatmeat exports and values 35

'000 tonnes swt

A$ millions

exports

200

value

30

The 2013 export value was $161 million, up 21% year-on-year.

Australia is the largest goat meat exporter in the world, with an estimated 95% of

20

production exported.

15

150

25

100

10

Over the past decade, the volume of goat meat exported has more than doubled.

Assisting trade in 2013 was the easing of the A$, which in 2013 averaged 96US¢, down 7% year-on-year, and which is forecast to trade between 84-90US¢ in 2014.

50

5 0

0 97

98

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01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

Source: ABS, GTIS

Australia is the largest goat meat exporter in the world, with an estimated 95% of production exported.

6

MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014


Australian goatmeat demand summary Table 2

Australian exports of goatmeat 2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

% change

7.7

8.8

9.3

11.3

10.0

10.5

12.8

14.5

15.2

16.1

15.5

-4%

21,157.0

31,247.2

39,373.4

52,044.5

39,195.7

37,525.1

46,198.1

65,729.9

72,534.4

66,888.0

64,261.4

-4%

China (volume)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.4

4.7

1167%

China (value)

0.0

0.0

0.0

62.7

0.0

31.1

108.4

0.0

1,072.1

2,117.7

23,792.9

1024%

Taiwan (volume)

4.6

5.2

5.9

5.2

3.3

3.9

4.0

4.0

3.9

4.0

3.9

-3%

14,835.1

17,900.1

20,989.7

20,203.3

10,668.9

12,544.6

11,798.3

13,584.8

15,169.6

14,308.0

16,138.4

13%

0.9

1.0

1.1

1.1

1.3

1.3

2.0

1.8

1.9

1.9

1.9

3%

2,362.6

2,815.1

2,886.6

3,504.6

3,569.1

3,436.8

6,233.7

6,617.9

8,634.3

6,785.9

7,521.4

11%

1.0

1.0

0.9

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.2

1.9

1.6

2.0

1.9

-7%

3,479.1

3,699.7

4,121.1

5,407.7

4,310.5

3,581.5

4,992.4

8,429.6

8,017.1

8,332.4

8,634.9

4%

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.3

0.1

0.4

0.5

1.5

1.0

-34%

538.8

286.6

481.2

294.7

319.1

982.4

622.7

1,858.0

2,275.7

5,924.2

4,100.2

-31%

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.6

0.9

0.9

0.8

0.9

16%

791.2

722.7

534.7

822.1

969.7

990.2

1,922.6

4,139.5

4,433.3

3,841.9

4,733.5

23%

Vietnam (volume)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.7

0.5

0.3

0.2

0.8

238%

Vietnam (value)

0.0

11,071.0

15,200.0

5,557.0

0.0

12,029.0

2,769,703.0

1,957,950.0

1,335,266.0

1,160,859.0

8,669.8

-99%

Jamaica (volume)

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

1.4

1.0

0.7

0.9

0.4

-50%

Jamaica (value)

432.3

379.3

1,335.9

2,452.4

301.9

151.3

4,037.8

3,808.0

2,793.0

2,356.1

1,200.0

-49%

Japan (volume)

0.2

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.3

16%

640.9

502.1

661.1

716.6

674.4

666.5

583.2

1,018.8

1,053.1

1,088.6

1,238.1

14%

15.9

16.9

18.2

19.5

16.7

18.2

24.8

25.9

25.9

29.1

32.7

26%

48,488.3

59,293.6

74,211.7

90,385.6

61,619.7

62,101.7

86,248.9

113,051.0

127,586.7

132,885.8

160,835.5

21%

To: US (volume) US (value)

Taiwan (value) Trinidad and Tobago (volume) Trinidad and Tobago (value) Canada (volume) Canada (value) Malaysia (volume) Malaysia (value) South Korea (volume) South Korea (value)

Japan (value) Total (volume) Total (value) Source: DA, GTA

volume = '000 tonnes swt

value = '000 A$

MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014

7


North America 

The decline in shipments to the US comes following

Figure 9 Australian goatmeat exports to North America

accounted for nearly half of Australia’s total exports,

five consecutive years of year-on-year increases,

20

at 15,479 tonnes swt – down 4% on the previous

with the rapid and large inclusion of China as an

year, but 12% above the five-year average.

Australian protein importer impeding the recent,

Australian goat meat exports to the US in 2013

'000 tonnes swt US

steady growth to the US and Canada.

In line with volumes declining slightly, the calendar year export value to the US was back 4% on the

Canada

15

10

Going forward, the US is likely to remain a large 5

previous year, at $64.3 million.

Australian goatmeat consumer, given the expanding Hispanic population – large consumers of goat

Unlike beef and sheep exports, the overwhelming

97

meat.

majority of goatmeat is exported as whole carcase. In 2013, 67% of goat meat exported to the US was

0

in whole carcase form, with a further 26% exported

previously mentioned, averaged 7% lower year-on-

as assorted cuts (three or more primals together).

year in 2013, at 96US¢, which, despite being volatile at times, had an overall positive impact on

Goatmeat exports to Canada in 2013 declined 7%

Australia’s trading position.

year-on-year, to 1,896 tonnes swt, with the volume

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02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

In terms of trading position and pricing, the A$, as

Figure 10 A$ against US$ 1.15

98

Source: ABS

A$/US$ A$/US$

100

1.05 0.95

80

Going forward, the A$ is expected to trade at lower

0.85

60

lower volumes shipped, total export values

levels than the 2013 average, and while there are

0.75

increased 4% year-on-year, to $8.67 million.

indications of improved economic sentiment in the

0.65

US, the persistence of demand from China will

0.55

of carcase down 4%, at 1,802 tonnes swt. Despite

largely dictate volumes shipped to North America over the coming years.

Additionally, while it is difficult to ascertain production levels going forward, and with the recent drought induced slaughter having likely reduced the breeding flock, production in 2014 is likely to be lower, reducing the volume available for export.

40 20

0.45 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Source: Infoscan

0

Figure 11 Export values to North America A$ millions 100

80

60

40

20

0 97 98 Source: GTIS

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MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014

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Asia 

Australian goat meat exports to Asia grew 66%

and population growth, with population recorded at

during 2013, at 12,001 tonnes swt, comprising

29.2m in January 2013, up from 27.8m in January

almost entirely of whole carcase (99.6% of exports).

2010, while 2014 estimates suggest a GDP growth rate of around 4%.

This growth was driven by a dramatic increase in

demand from China, with the 4,736 tonnes shipped

The unit value of Australian goat, beef and mutton

The latest IMF forecast shows Chinese GDP growth

exports to Malaysia have tended to trend closely

previous year. The increase in goat shipments to

remaining around 7.5%, which signals a sustained –

over the past 16 years, with the only major

China was in line with record Australian beef and

albeit slower – expansion of the economy, which

divergence coming between 2004 and 2007. At the

sheep meat exports to the region, which increased

has realised growth of over 10% per year for much

end of the September quarter in 2013, the unit value

371% and 112%, respectively, in 2013.

of the past decade. China’s population (currently

of each of the three commodities were within 7¢/kg

1.36 billion people) is forecast to grow at an annual

of each other, with goat at $4.31/kg, beef $4.32/kg

rate of 0.46%, and combined with the continuing

and mutton $4.25/kg cwt. The goat meat unit value

growth of the economy, will see demand for

was down 1.8% year-on-year in the September

Australian red meat increase.

quarter of 2013, while the 2013 average unit value

Shipments to Taiwan decreased in volume for 2013,

of $3.91/kg was down 7% on the five-year average.

in 2013 up significantly from 373 tonnes swt in the

Malaysia is also in a period of both sustained GDP

year-on-year and 105% on the five-year average

The rapid urbanisation, growing middle class and corresponding growth in demand for protein in China has been the catalyst behind Australia’s surge in red meat exports to the region. This increase in

Chinese demand has attracted large volumes of

goat away from other major markets, and is the

totalling 1,942 tonnes swt, down 3% on 2012.

main reason behind the decline in volumes shipped

Shipments to Malaysia were 34% lower than in

million, up eleven-fold year-on-year, while values to

to Malaysia during 2013.

2012, with only 1,015 tonnes swt bound for

Malaysia were $4.1 million, down 31% on 2012, and

Malaysian ports.

Taiwan reached $16.1 million, up 13% year-on-year.

Figure 13 Australian goatmeat exports to China and Malaysia

Figure 12 Goatmeat export unit values to Malaysia A$/kg

Figure 14 Australian goatmeat exports to Taiwan '000 tonnes swt

'000 tonnes swt

14

7

6 Goat

Beef

Mutton

Malaysia

12

Goat meat export values to China totalled 23.8

China 6

5

10

5 4

8

4 3

6

3 2

4 2

1

0

0 97

98

Source: GTA

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00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

97 98 Source: ABS

2 1

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03

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07

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13

0 97 98 Source: ABS

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MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014

12

13

9


Caribbean 

Australian goatmeat exports to the Caribbean in 2013 totalled 2,541 tonnes swt, back 18% year-on-year and 13% on the five-year average.

tonnes swt 2,500

Trinidad and Tobago is the largest market in the region, where volumes for the year increased 3% from 2012 volumes, to 1,942 tonnes swt, with an annual value of $9.9 million, down 5%. Whole carcase exports to Trinidad

Figure 15 Australian goatmeat exports to Trinidad and Tobago

2,000

and Tobago were up 5% year-on-year, at 1,507 tonnes swt.

1,500

Jamaica is the next largest market in the region, where exports halved form the previous year, at 423 tonnes swt,

1,000

underpinned by the strong competition from China. The entire volume shipped in 2013 was whole carcase, where

500

in previous years there had been some further processing in Australia.

0 97

The very small population of Trinidad and Tobago (1.3 million people) and Jamaica (2.8 million people), along with

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

12

13

Source: ABS

the relatively low GDP growth of 1.6% and 0.4% in 2013, respectively, could hinder their ability to compete with the strength of Chinese buying power over the short to medium term – limiting the export potential for Australian goat meat to the region.

Figure 16 Australian goatmeat exports to Jamaica tonnes swt 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000

Goat curry

Preparation: 10 minutes Cooking : 1 hour Serves: 4

800 600 400

Ingredients 500 g goat pieces, bone-in 2 tbsp ground cumin 3 dried red chillies, sliced 2 large green chillies, sliced 2 tbsp mustard seeds 2 large onions, chopped 5 cloves garlic, crushed

1 - 2 tbsp curry powder or garam masala 2 tbsp tumeric 2 cinnamon sticks Fresh coriander, chopped 1 can coconut cream 1 cup water Oil Salt

Method Cook cumin, red and green chillies, mustard seeds, onions and garlic in oil over low heat. Cook until fragrant, approx 10 minutes. Add goatmeat, curry powder, tumeric, salt, cinnamon and water. Bring to simmer, cover and cook for approx 1 hour on low heat. Add coconut cream, chopped coriander and season to taste. Serve with steamed rice and pappadums.

200 0 97 Source: ABS

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

Figure 17 Goatmeat export values to the Carribean 14

A$ millions

!

12

!

!

!

10

!

8

! 6

!

4 2

!

!

97

98

!

!

99

00

!

!

!

!

02

03

04

!

!

0 Source: ABS, GTIS

10

MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014

01

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13


Live exports – summary 

yet down 1% on the five-year average, while the value was up 3%, at $8.4 million.

The majority of live goat exports in 2013 were from NSW, with numbers exported

Numbers to the largest market, Malaysia, were down 6% from year-ago levels, at

from the state up 20% year-on-year, at 44,558 head – accounting for 59% of total

55,398 head, however, it should be noted that numbers to Singapore were up

live exports.

785%, at 16,778 head (all of which are sent to Malaysia). The export value to

Malaysia was down 20%, at $6.1 million, while to Singapore the value was $1.5 million.

opposed to Malaysia, creating an opportunity for Australian goat.

Australian live goat exports for 2013 totalled at 75,107 head, up 21% year-on-year,

The greatest proportion of the remaining exports in 2013 was from SA, at 25,732 head, which was up 5% year-on-year. Numbers exported from Victoria (809 head), the NT (1,080 head) and WA (2,231 head) were all higher than the previous year.

Malaysia is a large live market for Australian goats, due to its proximity, with the majority of live goat exports being air freighted. Additionally, there is huge cultural diversity in Malaysia – all of which eat goat meat.

Furthermore, as demand from China increases for protein, including goat meat,

Figure 18 Australian live goat exports and value '000 head

greater goat numbers from neighbouring countries are heading to China, as

160

A$ millions

Number

140

14

Value

12

120

10

100

8

80

6

60

Table 3

Australian live goat exports (head) 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

2013

% change

4

20

2 0

0 97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

Source: ABS, GTIS

To: Malaysia

38.7

33.4

26.4

42.8

69.5

67.7

64.1

54.3

59.1

55.4

-6%

Malaysia (value)

2,653

1,688

2,109

5,343

7,790

7,746 10,516 8,441

7,008

7,614

6,111

-20%

Singapore

3.0

8.4

10.9

11.1

3.1

3.4

6.9

8.8

8.0

1.9

16.8

785%

Singapore (value)

135

433

741

914

300

307

690

642

957

144

1,540

969%

89.1

Brunei

3.4

3.2

1.4

1.3

1.9

5.3

1.2

1.7

0.6

0.6

1.8

180%

Brunei (value)

354

1,191

685

119

314

628

147

258

115

62

299

382%

Other

25.9

5.5

3.0

2.3

15.4

3.3

0.4

2.8

0.3

0.2

1.2

376%

70.9

50.5

41.7

57.6

89.9

79.8

97.6

77.4

63.3

61.9

75.1

21%

Total (value)

12,396 4,682

5,086

7,126 11,367 9,190 11,491 10,346 8,408

8,114

8,373

3%

Source: ABS

volume = '000 tonnes swt

Total (volume)

40

Figure 19 Australian goat exports by state of loading NSW 59.3%

WA 3.0%

QLD 0.9%

NT 1.4%

Vic 1.1%

value = '000 A$ Source: DA

SA 34.3%

MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014

11


Appendix 1 – Goatmeat exports by destiantion Table 4

Australian goat exports to destinations and major regions by the main cuts Total (All Cuts)

Carcase

% 2013 Net % 2013 Net change tonnage change change tonnage change

Rack

World Total

32,671

3 ,5 7 8

12 %

28,001

3 , 17 4

13 %

635

- 57

- 8%

271

14

6%

US

15 , 4 7 9

- 600

- 4%

14 , 5 4 6

- 838

- 5%

693

15 5

29%

18 8

44

3 1%

CHINA

4 ,7 3 6

4 ,3 6 3

116 7 %

4,725

4,351

116 4 %

0

0

-

TAIWAN

3,861

- 10 7

- 3%

3,842

- 94

- 2%

0

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

1, 9 4 2

55

3%

1, 8 3 4

28

2%

0

CANADA

1, 8 9 6

- 14 2

- 7%

1, 8 0 2

- 84

- 4%

MALAYSIA

1, 0 15

- 522

- 34%

1, 0 0 7

- 5 0 8 .3 2

- 34%

0

SOUTH KOREA

931

12 9

16 %

931

12 9

16 %

0

0

0

0

VIETNAM

788

555

238%

788

555

238%

0

0

0

0

JAMAICA

423

- 430

- 50%

423

- 430

- 50%

0

0

0

0

JAPAN

294

40

16 %

293

39

15 %

0

0

0

0

Middle East

2 11

62

42%

18 5

87

89%

0

0

0

1, 2 8 0

- 298

- 19 %

1, 2 6 5

- 285

- 18 %

47

0

Source: DA

12

Manufacturing

Net change

SE Asia

Net change

Leg

2013 tonnage

Destination

% 2013 change tonnage

Cubed pieces

MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014

- 29

0

- 38%

-

% change

2013 Net 2013 Net % change tonnage change tonnage change 97

0

14

16 %

- 10

- 10 0 %

18

4

0

11

11

-

0

5

- 13

- 72%

- 10 0 %

48

27

12 9 %

61

0

0%

0

22

- 33

- 60%

14

14

-

0

8

0

- 1%

0

- 13

- 99%

0

-7

- 46%

15

0

- 2%

0

32%

0

-3

9

% change

- 13

- 99%

0


Sources, acknowledgements and acronyms The sources listed below are duly acknowledged for the provision of statistical,

ABARES

Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences

analytical and forecast information used in this document. ABS

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES)

CIF

Cost insurance and freight (export price at destination)

cwt

Carcase weight

Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM)

DA

Department of Agriculture, Australia

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS)

ESCAS

Exporter Supply Chain Assurance System

Australian Government Bureau of Meteorology (BOM)

FA S

Free alongside ship (export price before departure)

Department of Agriculture (DA), Australia

FA O

Food and Agriculture Organisation (United Nations)

Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) – United Nations

FOB

Free on board ship (export price loaded on ship before departure)

Global Trade Atlas (Australia)

IMF

International Monetary Fund

lwt

Liveweight

MLA

Meat & Livestock Australia

NLRS

National Livestock Reporting Service (Meat & Livestock Australia)

OIE

Office International Des Epizooties

International Monetary Fund (IMF) Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)

(world animal health organisation) RBA

Reserve Bank of Australia

swt

Shipped weight

US

United States

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

WTO

World Trade Organization

MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014

13


Notes

14

MLA’s Market information services – Australian goat industry summary 2014


Meat & Livestock Australia Level 1, 40 Mount St North Sydney NSW 2060 Phone: 02 9463 9333 Fax: 02 9463 9393 Free call: 1800 023 100 (Australia only) Email: info@mla.com.au www.mla.com.au


Australian goat industry summary 2014  

Overview of the Australian Goatmeat industry.

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