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The Pebble Project

www.pebblepar tnership.com


> 1.00% CuEQ

2,000

4,000 FEET

Levelock ! ra k! Igiugig v eh

Nu s

Susitn

!

Anchorage !

A

Tyonek ! !

Nikiski

Kenai Nikiski ! ! ! Soldotna Kenai ! ! Kasilof ! T Soldotna u s tu ! me Seward Clam ! Kasilof ! na TuGulch s s L. ! !t u m rd Seward jo rk Clam Ninilchik en ! ai F l Pa a a Gulch s en n L. ! rd rkK atio o j a N Anchor Point F Ninilchik ai l P ! e n na

Co ok Co

Homer

!

K

tio Na

! Seldovia

Port Site Augustine Nanwalek!! Port Graham Island gg hh Nanwalek ! Seldovia oo uu Augustine r ! r ! Kami s hak Bay Port Graham BB oo Island i n s u l a gg hh enai Pen

Igiugig Kokhanok !

Ku ka kl ek L.

BB oo

rr oo

uu

of

La k

La k

a

e

Port Lions !

e

el

Pilot Point ! ! Pilot Point Ugashik ! ! Ugashik

har

of

h

Be c

har

ik S of h el S ik tr o ai f t S tr

Be c

S

Egegik

Afognak Island Afognak Island Port Lions

!

Karluk

!

Kodiak ! Kodiak Karluk ! Island Kodiak Island

! Kodiak

A

P

www.pebblepar tnership.com

! Ivanof Bay

160°0'0"W ! Ivanof Bay

158°0'0"W

Alaska encompasses 365.5 million acres: • Federal agencies claim 222 million acres, 61% of the state • State of Alaska owns 97.9 million acres • Native corporations own 44.7 million acres • Private conventional, 0.9 million acres 156°0'0"W

General Deposit Location Possible Port Site Possible Road National Park National Preserve Borough Boundary Communities Existing Road

Port Heiden !

Chignik Lagoon ! ! Chignik Chignik Lagoon Lake ! Chignik ! ! Chignik Chignik Lake !

Gulf of Alaska

it

Egegik

Port Heiden !

Open

Anchorage

K P E E N KN A P EI N I E N S N A U I L I N A S U L

r ve

IRl iivae r

Ri ak hag

Ri

ve

r

!

! Kokhanok

a R.

Susitn

E

r

r

148°0'0

In le ok t In le t

Ri

r

ve

Ri

Open

0

ak

hag

B a y

57°0'0"N

-4000 ft

!

!

Riv e

Nu s

B a y

La ke

B r i s to l

Underground Resource

56°0'0"N

> 0.80% CuEQ

mn I l i aa k e L m n!a

Newhalen

su la L Bo rou gh La EA A ke & Pe nin P NL S su la Bo rou gh E I A K NN S A I S K N U A S L U A L A

B r i s to l

& Pe nin

!

-3000 ft

56°0'0"N

> 0.60% CuEQ

A L A S K A

ve

60°0'0"N 58°0'0"N

58°0'0"N 57°0'0"N

Open

Ekwok

!

Open

> 0.30% CuEQ

r

61°0'0"N

61°0'0"N 60°0'0"N 59°0'0"N

59°0'0"N

!

Cover Rocks

Open Pit Resource

Legend

rk la C ! Port Alsworth

Riv e

Palmer ! Wasilla !

150°0'0"W

Tyonek !

Ke ! R iv i c Ku ka kl ek L. PortageLevelock k No nv ia nu k L . K Kami s hak Bay Dillingham ! a Manokotak ! Point ! insula Creek ! Clarks enai Pen KMt. ! ch ! i Douglas v Park l ona King No nv iaKatm PortageEkuk nu k ai L .Nati KNaknek Salmon and Preserve ! Creek ! Clarks Point ! ! ! ! Mt. Douglas South Naknek l Park Nati Ekukg h ai kn ekona L ak e King KatmNa Naknek u h o g r u o o B r o y B a y B a l B o erve t l Pres s Salmon o and ! B B rr ii s t ! ! South Naknek Na kn ek L ak e

h B oo rr oo uu gg h B a yy B B B rr ii ss tt oo ll B a

• 80.6 billion pounds of copper • 5.6 billion pounds of molybdenum • 107.4 million ounces of gold • Commercially significant amounts of silver, rhenium and palladium Resource Estimate based at a 0.30% copper equivalent (CuEQ) cutoff.

Ekwok ! Dillingham !

! Manokotak

Togiak Twin Hills! !!

THE MINERAL Resource

-2000 ft

a

a

Aleknagik New!Stuyahok

Togiak Twin Hills !! Aleknagik

• Established in 2008, a 5-year, $5 million endowment • Administered by the Alaska Community Foundation • Primary grant focus: renewable resources/fish, energy, education and community and economic development • More than $3.25 million has been awarded for projects to date

-1000 ft

Lake Clark National Park and Preserve

!

THE PEBBLE FUND

0 ft ASL

Lake Clark National Park and Preserve

Be lug a

. tna R rk ke Ch uli a a Mt. Iliamna Cl L Ko ktu l . ! Port Alsworth il i tRn.a RNondalton e a ! u h k C tn Pedro La Mt. Pile Iliamna K o k thual Pebble c i Bay R . l Bay Nondalton ! Iliamna u Koliganek n!a ! ! ! t M Pedro Pile Williamsport Newhalen ! ha Pebble ! Anchor Point c ! Bay Bay Homer e ul ! Koliganek ! ! k ! Iliamna a ! M L Port Site ! a Williamsport New Stuyahok

• A multibillion-dollar capital investment • $120+ million invested in environmental studies • Roughly 2,000-3,000 jobs during construction • 1,000 operating jobs for 25-35 years • Hundreds of millions of dollars in annual operating expenditures • State and local taxes over the life of the project • Supply and service contracts with spin-off benefits for local communities • A multibillion-dollar infrastructure investment

1000 ft

River

k Hi Nus lls haga k Hi lls

Long-term economic benefits

surface

! Lime Village

River

haga

Be lug a

152°0'0"W

! Lime Village

lit n

lit n

Nus

• 200 air miles southwest of Anchorage • 120 air miles from Bristol Bay

154°0'0"W

ho

ho

The Pebble deposit resides on state land k specifically designated by the State of AlaskaKu s!k o Bethel for mineral exploration and development. ! Bethel The prospect represents a world-class discovery of copper in North America.

n

ey 156°0'0"W Ho

iv e

Ho

r im v e okw i R k m Ku s i w

R

to

158°0'0"W

R A N G A L E A S K A R A N G

160°0'0"W r

162°0'0"W

Gulf o GulA f l oa fs k a Ala s ka

Pebble Fund

Alaska’s total land area includes 148 million acres dedicated to conservation: • 70% of all American park lands • 80% of wildlife refuge acreage • 53% of designated wilderness, National Wilderness Preservation System 154°0'0"W

152°0'0"W

150°0'0"W


Pebble Project Timeline E x pl o

9000 B.C. (est)

Pebble West discovered

me

on

En v iro n m en ta

vir

&

5300 B.C. (est) 3500 B.C. (est)

En

2005

Copper is smelted in kilns

n&

Pebble East discovered

ati o

Humans first use copper

Native Americans mine copper

l s t udi es

lor

n

nt al

st

ud

ra tio

ies

1988

Exp

History of Copper

2011

Current project status

1705

Environmental overview – National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)/Environmental Impact statement (EIS) Process

America’s first commercial copper mine is developed in Connecticut

1761 Copper sheathing gives ships greater speed and time at sea

Draft project description Permitting

Permit applications

1880

Federal and state agency reviews, 67+ major permits

The emerging electrical industry creates high demand for copper

1886 Statue of Liberty is plated with 179,000 pounds of copper

Public comments Final EIS published

1950 Aircraft and automobile popularity creates rise in use and demand for copper ction

1958

Con

stru

Jack Kilby invents the microchip. Today, copper microchips are critical to next generation devices like computers and electronics

1973 Motorola introduces the first hand-held mobile phone – made possible with copper

ion

1997 Op

e

t ra

The first mass-produced hybrid vehicle uses twice as much copper as a conventional vehicle

2007 World’s largest wind farm built in Texas, providing enough power for 250,000 homes and requiring hundreds of tons of copper

2011 www.pebblepar tnership.com

Worldwide demand for copper is at an all-time high

re

cl

am

at io

n


12

21

12

2

2

Southwest Alaska 2011 Economic Indicators Borough

2000 Population

Bristol Bay Lake & Peninsula

2010 Population

1,230 1,809

881 1,485

Borough

2000 School 2010 School Enrollment Enrollment

Bristol Bay

269

160

Lake & Peninsula

491

335

Pebble Project workforce

2

A total of 496 individuals worked at the project site in 2010, a 6% increase from 2009.

12

Nearly 75% of the total site workforce is Alaskan.

12 27

2010 Pebble Workforce

47

Employees by Residency 47

Canada: 12% Other: 2%

12

Bristol Bay Region: 27%

27

Alaska: 47%

47

Lower 48: 12%

12

Bristol Bay resident workforce numbers at Pebble site totaled 134 in 2010, a 10% increase from 2009. 2

2010 Bristol Bay Workforce Communities employed

Villages Aleknagik Chignik Lake Dillingham Ekwok Igiugig Iliamna

King Salmon Kokhanok Koliganek Manokotak Naknek New Stuyahok

Total Workers:

Newhalen Nondalton Pedro Bay Port Alsworth Togiak

134

www.pebblepar tnership.com

27


Pebble Project Facts