Page 1

ReFUEL October 2013


Wisconsin Clean Cities


Monthly Newsletter

n m u t u A y Enjo nsin o c s i W ee ds r a F o R m u e l o Petr

In This Issue: Tesla Supercharging Comes to Wisconsin How Green Is Your Reuse: New Used-Vehicles Fuel Economy Tool Mark Your Calendars! Events, News, and More... “Driving Wisconsin Forward”

St ay C o nn e cte d!

ReFUEL is Wisconsin Clean Cities’ (WCC) monthly coalition newsletter. WCC is a nonprofit, 501(c)(3), organization, and is one of nearly 100 Clean Cities coalitions across the U.S. WCC works to reduce emissions, encourage the use of alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles, and develop the refueling infrastructure necessary to sustain the industry.

1 | October ReFUEL

In This Issue: Page 5

Pages 8-11

Page 12

Question of the Month:

What are the key terms to know when discussing electric drive vehicles and their fueling infrastructure?

Features: Tesla Supercharging Comes to Wisconsin How Green is Your Reuse? New Used-Vehicles Fuel Economy Tool

Mark Your Calendars!

A full listing of upcoming events

Fleets Across The U.S.

Page 13

Energy Department and National Park Service Announce Clean Cities Partnership

Page 14

Eye On Clean Cities

October ReFUEL | 2

Become a Member! What can WCC do for you? • • • • • • •

N e t wo r k in g o p po r tu n i ti es w i th f l eet s & ind ust r y p ar t ner s I nfo r m at i o n re so u rces o n a l ter n ati ve fuels, ad vanced vehic les, id le re d u c t i o n , an d o th er tech n o l o gi es t hat red uce p et roleum use Co n s u l t at i o n an d tech n i ca l a ssi sta nce Fun d in g o p p o r tu n i ti es f ro m th e U.S. D ep ar t ment of Energy, st ate and loc a l g ove r n m ent a gen ci es, n o n pro fit s, and found at ions Publ ic re co gn iti o n fo r pro gress i n red uc ing p et roleum consum p t ion Assis t an ce wi t h medi a o u trea ch Va l u ab l e p ro fessi o n a l devel o pment op p or t unit ies like tec hnic al t raining, wor ks h o p s, a n d web in ars

J oin to d ay!

Vi si t w w w. w icl e anci ti es.o rg/jo i n .ph p, e m ail info@wic leanc it ies. org, or c all 414-22 1 - 4 9 5 8 .

Now offering student and individual levels! Wi sco n s in C l e an Ci ti es i s n ow mo re a ccessib le t han ever to st ud ent s and ind ividu a l s. Th e re duced d u e s s t il l co me w i th a l l th e m emb er ship b enefit s of t he “sup p or ter ” leve l.

Join the ranks with these notable supporters:

Welcome New & Returning Members ANGI Energy Systems Espar Heating Systems ET Environmental Thermo/Cense, Inc.

October ReFUEL | 4

? A

Question of the Month What are the key terms to know when discussing electric drive vehicles and their fueling infrastructure?

It is important to know how to “talk the talk” when it comes to electric drive vehicles. Becoming familiar with the terms below will help you better understand these vehicles and the associated fueling (charging) infrastructure, so that you can ask the right questions and make informed decisions:

Vehicle Types There are two main categories of electric drive vehicles: Hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) are powered by an internal combustion engine or other propulsion source that runs on conventional or alternative fuel, as well as an electric motor that uses energy stored in a battery. The battery is charged through regenerative braking and by the internal combustion engine, and is not plugged in to charge. Regenerative breaking is a technology by which energy normally lost during braking is captured by the electric motor and stored in the battery for extra power during acceleration. There are two different types of HEVs: o Mild hybrid: This type of HEV uses a battery and electric motor to help power the vehicle and can allow the engine to shut off when the vehicle stops (such as at traffic lights or in stop-and-go traffic). Mild hybrid systems cannot power the vehicle using electricity alone. Example: Chevrolet Malibu Eco o Full hybrid: This type of HEV generally has more powerful electric motors and larger batteries, which can drive the vehicle on just electric power for short distances and at low speeds. Example: Toyota Prius HEVs can be designed in two different configurations: o Parallel: This configuration connects the engine and the electric motor to the wheels through mechanical coupling and allows both the electric motor and the engine to drive the wheels directly, either simultaneously or independently. o Series: In this configuration, only the electric motor drives the wheels. The internal combustion engine is used to generate electricity for the motor. Plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) refer to any on-road vehicle that can be charged through an external source of electricity. There are two different types of PEVs available: o Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV): Like HEVs, these vehicles are powered by an internal combustion engine that can run on conventional or alternative fuel, as well as an electric motor that uses energy stored in a battery. The difference is that these vehicles can be plugged into an electric power source to charge the battery. PHEVs can have a parallel or series design as well. Example: Chevy Volt o Electric vehicle, or all-electric vehicle (EV): These vehicles use a battery to store the electric energy that powers the motor. EV batteries are charged by plugging the vehicle into an electric power source. EVs are sometimes referred to as battery electric vehicles (BEVs). Example: Nissan Leaf § Neighborhood electric vehicle (NEV): These vehicles are smaller and have less battery power than traditional EVs, and are often referred to as low-speed vehicles. NEVs are confined to roads with lower speed limits and states set specific regulations regarding their use.

Infrastructure Terminology

Charging equipment for PEVs is known as electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE). Charging times vary based on how depleted the battery is, how much energy it holds, the type of battery, and the type of EVSE. Before exploring types of EVSE, it’s important to first understand the basics of electricity through the following terminology: Current type: Alternating current (AC): Movement of electric current that reverses or alternates direction. AC is the 5 | October ReFUEL

form of current normally generated and delivered by an electric utility to homes and businesses. Direct current (DC): Movement of electric current that continuously flows in the same direction. DC is the form of current normally delivered through batteries and is essential to charging vehicle batteries. As certain types of EVSE only provide AC (Level 1 and Level 2 described below), all PEVs are equipped with onboard equipment to convert the current to DC. Amperage: The amount of electrical current, which can be thought of as the rate of flow. Amperage is measured in amperes, commonly referred to as amps. Voltage: The electric potential energy per unit charge, which can be thought of as the force or pressure that drives the electric current. Voltage is measured in volts (V). • By multiplying amperage by voltage, you can find the unit of power, otherwise known as watts (W). There are 1000 watts in a kilowatt (kW). A typical residential three-prong outlet can supply 12 amps at 120V, or 1.44 kW based on the following equation: 12 amps x 120V = 1440 W / 1000 = 1.44 kW • PEV battery pack energy capacity is measured in kilowatt-hours (kWh). A kWh is a unit of energy that indicates the ability to provide a given amount of power for one hour. In theory, a 24 kWh battery pack would take 16.7 hours to charge using a standard 3-prong outlet based on the following equation: 24 kWh / 1.44 kW = 16.7 hours

EVSE Categories


Basic Information


Charge Time

Level 1

120V AC plug · Typical for residential charging; uses a standard household outlet · All PEVs come with a twoended Level 1 EVSE cordset. One end has a standard three-prong plug and the other has a connector that plugs into the receptacle on the vehicle.

SAE J1772, NEMA 5-15 or NEMA 5-20

2 to 5 miles of range per hour of charging time to a light-duty PHEV or EV

Level 2

· 240V AC plug (residential applications) or 208V AC plug (commercial applications) · Typical for residential, workplace, fleet, and public facilities · Most homes have 240V service available but require equipment installation and a dedicated circuit of 20 to 80 amps, depending on EVSE requirements

SAE J1772

10 to 20 miles of range per hour of charging time to a light-duty PHEV or EV

Level 3

Pending industry consensus on definition



DC Fast Charge

· 480V AC input with AC-DC converter · Enables rapid charging along heavy traffic corridors and at public stations

Three types: · CHAdeMO · SAE J1772 Combo · Tesla Supercharger

60 to 80 miles of range to a light-duty PHEV or EV in 20 minutes

Legacy “Paddle” Inductive

· Uses an electromagnetic field which transfers electricity without a cord · Today’s available PEVs do not use this type of charging

Small paddle or large paddle inductive


Wireless Inductive

· Uses an electromagnetic

SAE J2954 (pending)


field which transfers electricity without a cord · Currently in planning and testing stages, not yet available

Additional information on electric drive vehicles, infrastructure, and batteries can be found on the Alternative Fuels Data Center Electricity website (

October ReFUEL | 6

Wisconsin Clean Cities and the Wisconsin State Energy Office Present:

Driving the Green Highway

Idle Reduction Workshop & Exposition Reduce idling time. Reduce emissions. Save money.


An afternoon workshop for the trucking industry all about idle reduction. Speakers will highlight health and cost benefits, technical equipment and tools, and strategies and fleet experiences.


Country Springs Hotel 2810 Golf Road Pewaukee, WI 53072 (Located in the Meadowbrook Room)


Contact Erika Noble (414) 221-4487


November 1, 2013 Workshop from 1:00PM - 4:00PM Cocktail Reception from 4:00PM - 6:00PM

Who Should Attend:

Fleet Managers, Bus Contractors, Trucking Companies

Cost: FREE


Tesla Supercharging Comes to Wisconsin


isconsin will be joining the nation’s network of Tesla Supercharging stations with four planned stations being installed this year. The first will be at Pleasant Prairie Premium Outlets. The installation was approved by the Pleasant Praire Plan Commission on September 9th. Once the first phase of stations is complete, Tesla owners will be able to travel long distances for free, most critically between Chicago, Milwaukee, and Madison. The charging stations are available 24 hours per day, every day, and offer top speed charging; the Tesla superchargers provide for a half charge in 20 minutes and a full charge in less than an hour. The charging equipment will be installed on 1,525 square feet near 8 parking spaces in the Northwest corner of the Premium Outlet parking lot. According to the Plan commision, it will be screened from view by a fenced enclosure, landscaping, and retaining wall. Tesla Motors has an ambitious goal of allowing drivers to drive from coast-to-coast and --ultimately anywhere in the continental United States-without using a single gallon of gas. You can see their projected supercharger expansion maps here: supercharger Image from

Wisconsin Clean Transportation Program Banquet December 10, 2013 5:00 - 7:30 PM Registration required. Legends Club Room, Lambeau Field 1265 Lombardi Ave., Green Bay, WI

Join Us at Lambeau as we celebrate the conclusion of the four-year initiative that put more than 300 alternative fuel vehicles on the road and installed 18 infrastructure sites.

Be part of the event! Become a sponsor! sponsor Call (414) 221-4958 or email

Registration coming soon! October ReFUEL | 8

Improve Fuel Economy Reduce Fuel Costs

Wisconsin Clean Cities and Waukesha County Technical College Introduce a New Training Course:

Eco-Driving for Class 8 Over-the-Road Trucks Course Summary:

This course is intended to teach drivers: • Eco-driving skills, • Efficient route planning, • Checking and maintaining their vehicle, • Refueling after sundown, and • Other ecologically sound techniques. The course consists of two hours of classroom learning, one hour simulator training, and two hours on-road driving. Drivers that complete the course are also required to attend a two hour followup session.


Waukesha County Technical College Transportation (T) Building 800 Main St., Pewaukee, WI

Schedule of Classes October 5 Class 1: 7:00 AM - 1:00 PM Class 2: 11:00 AM - 5:00 PM October 12 Class 3: 7:00 AM - 1:00 PM Class 4: 11:00 AM - 5:00 PM October 19 Class 5: 7:00 AM - 1:00 PM Class 6: 11:00 AM - 5:00 PM October 26 Class 7: 7:00 AM - 1:00 PM

Cost: FREE, but you must be located in Southeastern Wisconsin.

Instructors: Mark Huss Matt Eisert

Only 6 spots open per class! First come, first served. To register call (414) 221-4958 or email

How Green is Your Reuse? New Used-Vehicles Fuel Economy Tool


s part of the Obama Administration’s ongoing efforts to increase fuel efficiency, reduce carbon pollution and address climate change, the U.S. Energy Department and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) today released a new label that features EPA fuel economy estimates and CO2 estimates for used vehicles sold in the United States since 1984. As a vehicle’s fuel economy changes very little over a typical 15-year life with proper maintenance, the original EPA fuel economy estimate remains the best indicator of a used vehicle’s average gas mileage. “Fuel efficient vehicles cut carbon pollution, reduce our dependence on foreign oil and help American families and businesses save money. The new fuel economy label gives consumers an easy, quick way to get the information they need to find the used vehicle that’s right for them.” - David Danielson, Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy “Making fuel economy information more easily accessible can help Americans save money at the gas pump and reduce carbon pollution. Buying any vehicle is an investment, and the information on these labels will help consumers make informed decisions and calculate the cost of ownership.” - Janet McCabe, EPA Acting Administrator for Air and Radiation

Consumers may create the new label electronically using a new tool on This electronic graphic can be downloaded and included in online advertisements on the web, while the paper label may be printed and affixed to the vehicle window.

The Obama Administration has taken unprecedented steps to improve the fuel efficiency of vehicles sold in the United States, establishing the toughest fuel economy standards for passenger vehicles in U.S. history. These standards are expected to save consumers $1.7 trillion at the pump—or more than $8,000 in costs over the lifetime of each vehicle—and eliminate six billion metric tons of carbon pollution. All new vehicles now include a comprehensive fuel economy and environmental window sticker from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, including passenger vehicles that meet the new fuel economy standards. With the tool released today, used vehicle sellers can provide potential buyers with comparable fuel economy information. Last year, over 40 million used cars were sold in the United States—roughly three times the number of new cars sold in 2012.

More information on the used vehicle tool is available at

October ReFUEL | 10

Kwik Trip will be hosting the grand opening of another Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) station in Wisconsin. Activities include ribbon cutting, guest speakers, fueling demonstrations, and a vehicle display. This station is one of many that Kwik Trip will be opening in Wisconsin before the end of the year. Details: Thursday, October 10th 10 AM - 11 AM 940 Balwin Plaza Dr. Baldwin, WI

ALSO: Kwik Trip Natural Gas Event October 15th in Plover, WI 8:30 AM - 11 AM Best Western Inn 5253 Harding Ave

For more information: 1-855-710-3800

Kwik Trip Retail Experience and Infrastructure NGV sessions on light and heavy-duty vehicles Please RSVP at by October 11th

Wisconsin Clean Cities’ 2013 Annual Stakeholder Meeting December 10, 2013 2:00 - 4:00 PM Legends Club Room, Lambeau Field 1265 Lombardi Ave., Green Bay, WI Join Us at Lambeau as we celebrate our 2013 accomplishments, present stakeholder awards, network with industry partners, and celebrate 20 years of Clean Cities. Be part of the event! Become a sponsor! Download the sponsorship package: file/1103817697706-656/Annual+Meeting+Sponsorship+Opportunities.pdf For more information, call (414) 221-4958

11 | October ReFUEL

Registration coming soon!

Mark Your Calendars!

Join Wisconsin Clean Cities at these great events! October 4

UW Milwaukee Green Vehicle Tour Wisconsin Green Building Alliance SE2 Conference 12:00 PM - 1:30 PM

October 4-6

Apple Fest 10:00 PM - 5:00 PM Bayfield, WI

October 7-9

HTUF 2013 National Meeting Hyatt Regency McCormick Place 2233 S. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, Chicago, IL

October 12

UW Oshkosh Green Vehicle Tour 12:00 PM - 1:30 PM

October 19

Sister Bay Sturgeon WCTP Details TBD - Check our website for updates

October 23

UW Whitewater Green Vehicle Tour 12:00 PM - 1:30 PM If you want the tour to come to your campus or have other questions, contact our office (414) 2214958 or

November 1

Idling Workshop Country Springs Hotel Pewaukee, WI

December 10

2013 WCC Annual Stakeholder Meeting 2:00 - 4:00 PM Legends Club Room, Lambeau Field 1265 Lombardi Ave., Green Bay, WI Sponsorship opportunities available!

December 10

Wisconsin Clean Transportation Program Banquet 5:00 - 7:30 PM Legends Room, Lambeau Field 1265 Lombardi Ave., Green Bay, WI

For more event information, visit our events page at For sponsorship opportunities, email or call (414) 221-4958. October ReFUEL | 12

FLEETS ACROSS THE U.S.: How Other Fleets Are Using Alternative Fuels And Vehicles

Tucson Beverage Distribution Fleet: “Cheers to Truly Green Beers.”


n Tucson, Arizona, Golden Eagle Distributors, a large distributor of Anheuser-Busch products in the United States, has used compressed natural gas beer delivery trucks since 2011. Today the CNG rigs account for more than half of their total rig count. The head office operates 23 CNG trucks in cooperation with Ryder Systems, a charter partner in the DOE’s National Clean Fleets program. Golden Eagle Distributors has been a Ryder lease customer for almost 40 years. Converting to CNG at six other locations is underway. Beverage World Magazine named Golden Eagle National Fleet of the Year for 2012. They’re proud to show others how to keep cost and greenhouse emissions way down as part of this strategic alternative-fuel program. While the cost of leasing CNG trucks is higher than regular diesel trucks, the expense is offset by an estimated savings of $142,020 in fuel and $12,500 in lower vehicle maintenance on CNG trucks. Golden Eagle consumes 90,000 “gas gallon equivalents” (GGE) of CNG a year, but also gains royalties by letting the public access to their fueling stations in Tucson and Casa Grande. The fueling stations are designed, built, and operated in cooperation with Trillium CNG. Golden Eagle Distributors Inc., headquartered in Tucson, is a member of the Tucson Regional Clean Cities Coalition. “When we explored the cost benefits… the trucks cost more but the fuel’s a lot less so in the trade off… we were actually going to save money from day one.” -Bill Osteen, Senior Vice President for Business Read More:

13 | October ReFUEL

Eye on Wisconsin Clean Cities View pictures, videos, presentations, and join the online conversation! Search Wisconsin Clean Cities on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and SlideShare.

The Green Vehicle Tour visits UW-Green Bay on September 18th.

Wisconsin Clean Cities and the State Energy Office hosted the Natural Gas for Transportation Roundtable on September 11 in Madison, WI.

American Lung Association E-85 car

Wisconsin Science Festival, September 27th

Up close and personal with the new detailed label

Jerry Medinger, Treasurer of Wisconsin Clean Cities UW-Green Bay Green Vehicle Tour

October ReFUEL | 14

Refuel: WCC Monthly Newsletter  
Refuel: WCC Monthly Newsletter  

Tesla Supercharging Comes to Wisconsin How Green is Your Reuse: New Used-Vehicles Fuel Economy Tool