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Cat Lake breaks ground on new school construction PAGE 7

Student’s arrest leads to protest in Constance Lake PAGE 3

Aroland wants records of Ring of Fire meetings PAGE 6

9,300 copies distributed $1.50

May 10, 2012

Vol. 39 No. 11

Northern Ontario’s First Nation Voice since 1974

www.wawataynews.ca

Traditional healing for oxy abuse

Celebrating beaver in Mattagami

Rick Garrick

Wawatay News

Lenny Carpenter/Wawatay News

A demonstrator shows onlookers how to skin a beaver during the Mattagami Beaverfest 2012 held on April 28. The annual festival enables the sharing of culture, said Mattagami First Nation Chief Walter Naveau. See page 9.

Ft< Ua pi> ewgnbH , ;E;cooH b<jo> 4`3 , m<xv JjcoH b<j” Io h%xUs% nbnbd fcvenm yMpmhU

,j |oojcoH| i<g , bkvyhH b<j”| hj mw ewgvH eJoH h gwlvH bn,ohpH .d qnbuH Ft< Ua pi>] , bf bnmhH bojxMT 1] 2012] ,nho yh hf j<lovhdH , ;E;coH b<j”] ,nho h mndvH bt<;jynbH hpgN nbLE okpi> , m<coH , bf ;g;wH] bojxMT , .Eh;vH] tFG bn,ohpH eJoH i<g e<cGsOH j ewgnbH , ;E;cooH b<jo>] .php , bkvcoj i<g |y;aM> , xUcoG| ,j mdogH akH bn,pN nbp> i<g j ewgnbH gx<;V xga;H] lwvnbuH ,; yh bwV bgnbx<hsHN ep bgnmp nbLE .v svlyhU jv b;m;G bn,p mgveponbUN bt<;jynbH hpg] h pphvgG .ro> snmo>] hGsIU .G;_G] ,nho h mw j<logH 4`3 j m<xv Joco> b<j” mnd>] h mw yMpdcoH xMehonm lnhoH (.d nbcpsH jn,fuH) xMehoH h .v j<lovhdH h m<xv JjcoH , ;E;coH b<j” pgn, j<logenmoH] m<xv yhH , ;E;coH b<jHN |ep lnhU h owvnbpvvlyhH hj m<xvyhH , ;E;coH b<j”] bfG

A 4.3 magnitude earthquake struck near Moosonee. See story in English on page 3. x;lnhp h cjfnp j hcftH .v , ffxcoj bom snm lnhp| mnd> .GU;_GN hj mndvH yh nmp bt<;jynbH hpg h mw yMp<dcoH yMpbysnmojH] b<j” , ;E;coH .y , m<xv JjcoH 3`5 – 5`4 |b<h> x; ewgonbU .y , ;E;coH b<j”] ep ownbpvvlyhU| ,; yh nmp DcwE 6`0 ,<xv yEhn,UgnhH , ;E;coH b<j”] |ep Jj ownbpvvlyhU nb<hmhoH mdl bom .f hj yEh.p;gonbj

nb<hmho hj mwp;gonbj , .wgonbj| ,; yh nmp ynbV h jv yEhn,ognhj , ;E;coH b<j” gx<;V 7`0 -7`9 ,nho nmp p<xV , ;<gdognhH tso ownbpvvlyhH mgnmoH gx<;V h mdognhH .y , m<xvyhH , ;E;coH b<j” 8`0 – 8`9 tso nmp ocm;ponbU i<g ownbpvvlyhU mgnmp .yN ynbV yh hj .v yvcoH .y , ;E;coH b<j” 69 jn,fuH nbcpsH eJoH bxg> , m<xMpnhH eJo ,; yh xga;HN .GU;_G j mnd> itgp olpi> ,j ;E;coH b<j” .d eJoH b<xU 1980 ,; yh o<s j j<lovhd> 3` - 3n6 , m<xv JlognhjN ,; yh nmp DcwE 3`5 , m<xv Jjcoj ep gna j<lovhd> , ;E;coH b<j”N Ft< UaH qnbuH mdl hj ;E;co;ci b<j” hj yMpmhd;ci .g hpg ynbsMpmhoH 1965 j ;E;co;cU b<j” 4`9 , m<xv JjcoH b<j” .d h mw gwlLHN .GU;_G yh mw wjr> bn,ohp jv fcvevH m<x , j<logjH , ;E;cooH b<jo> .d bt<;jy> bcfMnmht;H hpg h mw yynm mgnhj j<logemn,nmp .g mwn,cbnyH+ earthquakescanada. nrcan.gc.ca

A traditional teacher is questioning why drugs are being prescribed to people who are already abusing prescription drugs. “A lot of people are being introduced to methadone to try to address their addiction,” said Ralph Johnson, a traditional teacher from Sioux Lookout. “They have to stay on that drug for at least 10 years, some even longer. So it’s just replacing one drug for another.” Johnson said a number of his clients have had success in dealing with their prescription drug addiction through traditional healing methods at the Natural Healing program he operates each summer at Rainy Lake. “They didn’t like just replacing another drug,” Johnson said. “It was pretty effective. We made sure the sweat lodge ceremonies were available to them whenever they needed it, when they were going through a hard time.” Johnson said the sweat lodge was available every day for the clients, noting when they go into withdrawal they begin feeling pain, become anxious

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1.877.492.7292 • www.wasaya.com ____

Photo by Chris Kornacki/Special to Wawatay News

Teresa Trudeau leads one-year-old Angela Achneepineskun around the powwow circle at the annual Tiny Tots Powwow held April 30 at the Boys and Girls Club of Thunder Bay. See more photos on page 13.

Book your reservation by May 18 for travel by May 25, 2012

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See Traditional healing on page 10

Tiny tots on the powwow trail

Spring Seat Sale! Banner

and start shaking. “As soon as you start feeling those symptoms, you start preparing to go into the sweat lodge,” Johnson said. “It really helps detoxify and take those chemicals out of their system. It was really effective, but in the news there was no mention of utilizing traditional healing methods as a way to combat addictions.” Johnson wants people to be aware there are alternatives to healing from prescription drug addictions other than taking more drugs. “I talked to some of the other sweat lodge keepers in the community here and they feel the same way,” Johnson said. “It’s just that there are no resources directed towards traditional healing, so (for) the traditional healers it’s pretty well up to them to try to come up with their resources to hold the sweats. It’s usually out of their pocket that those services are provided.” Johnson said the sweat lodge ceremonies usually last from one to two hours, depending on the number of people participating.


2

Wawatay News MAY 10, 2012

Inside Wawatay News

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

this issue... ᐁᕑᐅᓫᐊᐣᐟ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᒋᐱᒥᐃᐧᐣᑕᒪᐃᐧᑕᐧ ᐱᐊᐧᐱᑯᑲᐣ ᑲᐱᒪᓄᑲᑌᐠ

ᐱᔓᓴᑲᐦᐃᑲᓂᐠ ᐅᐡᑭ ᑭᑭᓄᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᑲᒥᐠ ᒪᑕᓄᑲᑌ ᐅᑕᓇᐠ ᑲᑭᐱᒥᑯᓇᑲᐠ ᑭᒪᒪᐃᐧᐡᑲᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᐃᒪ ᑲᐃᐧᐃᔑ ᐅᔑᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐅᐡᑭ ᑭᑭᓄᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᑲᒥᐠ. ᑭᑭᓄᐊᒪᐊᐧᑲᓇᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐱᑯ ᐅᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐠ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᑯ ᐅᒥᓀᐧᐣᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᒋᐊᓂ ᐊᔭᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᐡᑭ ᑭᑭᓄᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᓂ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᓇᐊᐧᐨ ᑕᒪᐣᑭᓴᑲᓂ ᐊᐱᐨ ᐃᐧᐣ ᓄᑯᑦ ᑲᐃᑲᐧᓂᐠ ᑭᑭᓄᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᓂ ᐯᑭᐡ ᑲᔦ ᑕᐅᔑᒋᑲᑌᓂ ᒣᑕᐁᐧᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᓂ. ᐃᒪ ᑲᑕᔑ ᑭᑭᓄᐊᒪᐃᐧᐣᑕᐧ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᑯ ᑫᑌ ᐊᐧᑲᐦᐃᑲᓄᐊᐧᐣ ᐃᒪ ᒪᒪᐤ ᓂᔭᓇᐣ ᑫᑲᒥᑯᐣ ᐃᒪ ᐊᔭᐊᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐊᐧᑲᐦᐃᑲᓀᓴᐣ ᐅᑕᐸᒋᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᑯᓇᐠ ᑲᑭᓴᑭᑌᑭᐸᐣ ᒪᔭᑦ ᐅᑭᑭᓄᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᐊᐧ ᐅᑕᓇᐠ ᓂᔭᓄᔭᑭ. ᐅᑭᒪᑲᐣ ᒪᑎᔪ ᑭᐁᐧᑲᐳ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᑯ ᐅᑲᑭᒋᓀᐣᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐅᑲᑭᒋᓀᐣᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᐱ ᑭᑭᔑᒋᑲᑌᓂᐠ ᐃᒪ ᐅᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ. ᑭᐃᓀᒋᑲᑌ ᒋᐸᑭᓂᑲᑌᐠ ᐅᐡᑭ ᑭᑭᓄᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᑲᒥᐠ ᐊᐧᑌᐸᑲᐃᐧᐱᓯᑦ 2013 ᐊᐦᑭᐊᐧᐠ.

ᐁᕑᐅᓫᐊᐣᐟ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑭᐸᑭᑎᓇᓇᐊᐧ ᐁᑭᐃᔑᑲᑫᐧᑌᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᒋᒥᓂᑕᐧ ᒧᔑᔐ ᒋᐊᐧᐸᐣᑎᓂᑕᐧ ᐃᐧᐣᑕᒪᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ ᒋᑭᑫᐣᑕᒧᓂᑕᐧ ᐊᓂᐣ ᐁᔭᓂᓇᓄᑭᐊᐧᐨ ᐱᐊᐧᐱᑯᑲᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᔭᓂ ᐱᒪᓄᑲᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ. ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑭᐃᑭᑐᐊᐧᐠ ᑭᐃᑭᑐᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᐁᐧᓂ ᑲᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᑐᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᐧᓴ ᐊᐧᐁᐧ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐁᑭ ᑲᑭᒧᒋ ᒪᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑐᐃᐧᓂᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐠᓫᐃᑊᐢ ᐅᓄᑕᓯᓂᐁᐧᐠ ᐃᒪ ᑲᐃᔑᓂᐣᑭᓴᐧᑲᓄᐨ ᐊᓯᐣ. ᐅᑭᒪᑲᐣ ᓴᐣᓂ ᑲᐣᔭᐣ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐊᐧᐁᐧ ᑲᑦᐸᓂ ᒥᓇ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᐱᑯ ᐁᑕ ᐅᑐᐣᒋᐅᓀᐣᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᓂᐣ ᑫᔭᓂᔑᒪᑕᓄᑲᑌᐠ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᐣ, ᑫᐃᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᒥᓯᐁᐧ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᒪ ᑌᑎᐸᐦᐃ ᒥᓇ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐣ ᐱᐊᐧᐱᑯᑫᐃᐧ ᐅᓀᐣᑕᒧᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᐁᑲ ᑲᓇᑫ ᐁᐃᐧᐣᑕᒪᐃᐧᑕᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐯᔓᐨ ᐃᐡᑯᓂᑲᓇᐣ ᑲᐊᔭᒪᑲᑭᐣ. ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᒋᐅᔑᒋᑲᑌᓂᐠ ᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᐅᔑᐦᐊᑲᓄᐨ ᐊᓯᐣ ᐃᒪ ᐠᕑᐃᐣᐢᑐᐣ ᐅᑌᓇᐠ, ᔕᑯᐨ ᐅᑕᓀᐣᑕᒥᐦᐃᑯᓇᐊᐧ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᑦᐸᓂ ᐁᑲᑫᐧ ᑭᒧᒋᐅᓀᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᐧᑎ ᔕᐊᐧᓄᐠ ᓴᐟᐯᕑᐃ ᐁᐃᐧᐃᔑ ᐅᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᐁᐧᓂ ᐊᓯᓂᐠ ᑲᐅᒋᐅᔑᐦᐃᑕᐧ.

Cat Lake school construction begins

Aroland wants Ring of Fire information

The sod turning ceremony for the new Cat Lake elementary school was held last week. Students and teachers alike are excited for the new building, which will have more room than the current school and even include a gymnasium. The school has been operating out of an old building with five classrooms and a portable since the old school burned down five years ago. Chief Matthew Keewaykapow said the new school will be the pride and joy of the community. The school is expected to open in September 2013.

Page 7

ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᔑᒪᑲᓂᔑᐃᐧ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᑭ ᑭᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᒥ ᐁᑫᐧᓇᐠ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᑭᒥᔑᓄᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑭ ᑭᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᔑᒪᑲᓂᔑᐃᐧ ᐃᐡᑯᓄᐦᐃᑯᐊᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᔑᒪᑲᓂᔑᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᑭᐅᑕᐱᓇᒧᐊᐧᐸᐣ. ᐊᐃᓇᓀᐅᔕᑊ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᑌᑎᐸᐦᐃ ᑭᐁᐧᑎᓄᐠ ᐁᐅᐣᒋᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑭᑭᔑᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᐁᑲᐧ ᐃᒪ ᑕᐣᑐᕑ ᐯ ᑭᒪᒪᐃᐧᐡᑲᐊᐧᐠ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᒪᑯᐱᓯᑦ 4 ᑲᐃᓇᑭᓱᓂᐨ. ᐅᑯᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᔑᒪᑲᓂᔕᐠ ᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᐃᐧᑕᓄᑭᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᔑᒪᑲᓂᔕᐣ ᑫᑲᐟ ᐃᑯ ᐯᔑᑲᐧᐣ ᐃᓇᓄᑭᐊᐧᐠ ᔑᒪᑲᓂᔕᐠ ᑲᐃᓇᓄᑭᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᒪ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ, ᔕᑯᐨ ᒧᒋᐊᓄᑭᑕᒪᑫᐊᐧᐠ 20 ᑕᓱᐊᐧᑫᓭ ᑕᓱᐯᔑᑯᐱᓯᑦ. ᐊᐧᐁᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᔑᒪᑲᓂᔑᐃᐧᑭᒪ ᐠᓫᐅᐟ ᒐᑦ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᑲᔭᓂᐱᒥ ᒥᔑᓄᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓄᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ, ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᐧᑲ ᐅᐁᐧ ᒋᑭᐅᐣᒋᐃᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᐅᑕᓇᐠ. “ᑭᓇᐃᐧᐟ ᑕᐡ ᐃᑯ ᐃᓯᓭᐸᐣ ᒋᔭᓂ ᓇᓇᑐᓇᑕᐊᐧᑭᑕᐧ ᑭᑕᓂᔑᓂᓂᒥᓇᓂᐠ ᒋᐊᓄᑭᐦᐊᑭᑕᐧ,” ᒐᑦ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᑯ ᒋᔑᒪᑲᓂᔑᐃᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᐡᑯᓂᑲᓂᐠ.

NAPS auxiliary graduation The largest class of Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service’s auxiliary constables has graduated. Eighteen people from across the North graduated during a ceremony in Thunder Bay on May 4. The auxiliary officers perform many of the same duties as police officers in communities, but on a volunteer basis for 20 hours per month. NAPS Chief of Police Claude Chum said the increased numbers of graduates is “history in the making.” “We have to start recruiting our own people,” Chum said of policing in communities.

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An earthquake struck the James Bay coast, with an epicentre between Moosonee and Fort Albany (top). NAPS Chief of Police called the graduation of 18 auxiliary officers (middle left) ‘history in the making’. The National Aboriginal Hockey Championships started in Saskatoon, with Team Ontario (middle right) featuring many players from northern Ontario. And Cat Lake First Nation broke ground on the construction of its new school (above), expected to open in 2013.

ᒉᒥᐢ ᐯ ᓇᓀᐤ ᐸᐣᑭ ᑭᑯᐡᑯᓭ ᐊᐦᑭ ᒧᓱᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐁᐧᑎ ᐊᑕᐊᐧᐱᐢᑲᐟ ᑲᑲᐯᔑᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᐡᑯᐨ ᐅᑭᒥᑫᐧᐣᑕᓇᐊᐧᑐᐠ ᐁᑯᑯᐡᑯᓭᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐁᓂᓂᑭᓭᓂᐠ ᐸᐣᑭ ᑲᑭᑯᐡᑭᓭᐠ ᐊᐦᑭ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᒪᑯᐱᓯᑦ ᑲᐅᐡᑲᑭᓱᐨ. ᐃᒪ ᑲᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᒪᒋᐸᓂᐦᐅᒪᑲᐠ ᐊᐱᑕ ᒧᓱᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐱᑕᐯᑯᐠ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᐅᑭᒥᑫᐧᐣᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᐁᐧᑎ ᐱᓂᐡ ᐊᑕᐊᐧᐱᐢᑲᐟ. ᑭᐃᑭᑐᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑭᑫᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ 4.3 ᐁᑭᔭᐱᒋᒪᑲᐠ ᐃᐁᐧ ᑲᑭᑯᐡᑯᓭᐠ ᐊᐦᑭᐠ. ᐁᑲᐧ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᓱᐣᑭᒪᑲᑭᐸᐣ ᑲᑭᑯᐡᑯᓭᑭᐸᐣ ᐊᐦᑭ ᐁᐧᑎ ᐃᓀᑫ 4.9 ᑭᔭᐱᒋᒪᑲᓄᐸᐣ. ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᐊᐱ 1965 ᑲᔭᑭᐊᐧᐠ.

James Bay coast has small earthquake Residents from Moosonee to Attawapiskat may have noticed shaking and vibrations from a small earthquake on May 1. The quake’s epicenter was located between Moosonee and Fort Albany, and its effects were felt as far north as Attawapiskat. The earthquake measured 4.3 on the Nittli magnitude scale. The biggest earthquake recorded in the region was 4.9 on the scale. That quake happened in 1965.

Page 3

Aroland First Nation has filed a freedom of information request with the provincial government to get more information on the Ring of Fire. The First Nation said it filed the freedom of information request because the Ontario government has been holding confidential meetings with Cliffs Natural Resources on the location of a chromite smelter. Chief Sonny Gagnon said the company and the government are making decisions on the processing plant, infrastructure for the region and other mine details without consulting local communities or First Nations. The First Nation wants a processing plant to be built in Greenstone, but is worried that the government and Cliffs are working behind closed doors to locate the plant in Sudbury.

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ᒥᓯᐁᐧᑲᒥᐠ ᑲᓇᑕ ᑲᓴᓇᑭᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᐱᒪᑫᐧᐸᐦᐃᑫᐠ ᑕᐱᐡᑯᐨ ᓇᐯᓴᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐃᑫᐧᓭᓴᐠ ᑎᑦ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᑲᐃᔑᐱᒪᑫᐧᐸᐦᐃᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᐧᑎ ᐊᐱᐣ ᓴᐢᑲᑐᐣ ᑭᐃᔕᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᐊᐣᑕᐃᐧᐱᒪᑫᐧᐸᐦᐃᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓯᐁᐧᑲᒥᐠ ᑲᓇᑕ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᐱᒪᑫᐧᐸᐦᐃᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᐱᒥᑯᓇᑲᐠ. ᑲᑭᓇ ᑲᑕᓱᐸᐯᔑᑲᐧᓀᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᔑᐣ ᑭᐁᐧᑎᓄᐠ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᐅᐣᒋᐊᐧᐠ. ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᐡ ᑐᕑᐊᐣᑐ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᒪᑯᐱᓯᑦ 5 ᐁᐧᑎ ᑲᑭᐃᔑ ᒪᐊᐧᐣᑐᐡᑲᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᒥ ᐁᑫᐧᓇᐠ ᐁᑭᐊᐧᐸᒥᑐᐊᐧᐨ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᐊᐱᐣ ᐃᐁᐧ ᑲᑭᔑᑲᓂᐠ ᓴᐢᑲᑐᐣ ᑲᑭᐃᓇᑯᒋᓄᐊᐧᐨ. ᐱᒪᑫᐧᐸᐦᐃᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑭᒪᒋᑕᒪᑲᐣ ᒪᑯᐱᓯᑦ 7 ᑲᐃᓇᑭᓱᐨ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᐱᐡᑯᐨ ᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᐸᐱᑭᓴᓀᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᓇᓂᔕᐧ ᑭᒣᑕᐁᐧᐊᐧᐠ. ᐊᐱ ᑕᐡ ᑭᐃᐡᑲᐧ ᐱᒪᑕᐦᐁᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᑯᐱᓯᑦ 8, ᐊᒥ ᐊᐱᐣ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑫᔭᓂ ᓴᓴᑭᒋᐁᐧᐸᐦᐅᑎᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᑯᐱᓯᑦ 9 ᐊᑯᓂᐠ 12 ᐃᓇᑭᓱᐨ.

National hockey championships Both the boys and girls Team Ontario are off to Saskatoon for the National Aboriginal Hockey Championships this week. Both teams feature many players from northern Ontario. The teams met for the first time as a group in Toronto on May 5, and flew the Saskatoon the same day. The tournament started on May 7 with both teams playing two games. After the round robin wraps up on May 8, the knockout round goes from May 9 until May 12.

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Wawatay News MAY 10, 2012

3

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Constant Lake First Nation school responds to student arrest and subsequent protest Louis J. Neegan

Special to Wawatay News

 Mamawmatawa Holistic Education Centre (MHEC) of Constance Lake First Nation has addressed some of the concerns made by local organization, Parental Involvement Committee (PIC), regarding the arrest of a student on school grounds. Following a lock-down at the school resulting from threats made against a teacher by a 14-year-old student at MHEC, PIC held a protest of the school’s actions on May 7. The protest was followed by a meeting at the Constance Lake community hall instigated by Chief Roger Wesley. School representatives and other community members attended the meeting. According to Constance Lake education administrator Ken Neegan, Principal Zandra Bear-Lowen and other staff members have been trained to handle almost any situation, including lock-down scenarios, as best as possible, and were merely following standard procedure when authorities were contacted. “It’s not as if we don’t care about our students,” Neegan said. “Safety of everybody is always top priority. In this particular situation, the student had threatened to shoot a teacher and police were consequently informed. If we erred, we erred on the side of safety. Any alternatives to a lock-down could have potentially worsened an already bad situation.”

Photos by Louis J. Neegan

Above: Chief Roger Wesley conversing with Parental Involvment Committee representative Michelle Frost. Left: Parents and students alike supporting early morning Parental Involvement Committee protest. On May 1 at about 1:15 p.m., police were contacted by MHEC in Constance Lake regarding a threat complaint. Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service being unavailable at the time, the Ontario Provincial Police were first to respond. With the school in lock-down, police investigation resulted in a 14-year-old student being arrested and brought to bailcourt in Cochrane on May 2. The student was bailed out by family and released on May 3. In a press release sent out after the incident, “Residential School Operating in Constance Lake First Nation,” the PIC stated that “Too many unan-

swered letters, emails, telephone messages, and promises plague the relationship between parents and the school administration. The most recent incident of a school lock-down is testament to the poor planning, and a one-sided sensationalist reaction involving a special education student in a time of crisis.” The PIC-led protest involving parents and students took place early in the morning of May 7 at the junction of Highway 663 and Roger’s Road, with the intention of preventing any non-Aboriginal school staff members from entering the First Nation.

“It’s not about prejudice,” stated Michelle Frost of the PIC. “The protest was there to serve as a medium for what our organization ultimately stands for, one of the many issues (other than communication problems between parents and the school) being the hiring of non-Aboriginal teachers over similarly qualified Native ones who can potentially better relate to First Nation students.” Chief Roger Wesley and other band office staff members also attended and viewed the protest from a distance. In an effort to lessen tension and instigate a poten-

tial discussion, Wesley spoke with Frost after the first hour and arranged the community hall meeting for later that evening, where both sides of the argument could communicate in a structured manner. Frost took the opportunity at the protest to present the chief with highlighted sections of Ontario’s School Lock-Down Procedure, claiming that a crisis coordinator or mental health specialist should have been contacted first and foremost due to the student’s known history. Neegan noted that threats made by students at school can not be tolerated. “As with many students,

it’s impossible to know what threats to take seriously,” Neegan said. “Obviously, none can be tolerated. After the incident it was out of our hands and had become mainly a police matter. Honestly, the situation is quite straightforward.” And though the PIC agreed to attend the community hall at the chief’s request, they left many of their protest signs intact and still hanging at Roger’s Road. The signs were torn down shortly after. Any progress made as a result of that meeting will likely be newsworthy, but for now, it would seem the matter is not yet settled.

Earthquake strikes James Bay coast Lenny Carpenter Wawatay News

The epicentre of the earthquake was between Moosonee and Fort Albany.

The “shaking” and “vibrations” felt by residents on the southern James Bay coast on the evening of May 1 was the result of an earthquake, according to National Resources Canada. At about 8:04 p.m. on May 1, many Moosonee and Moose Factory residents experienced a shaking sensation, rattling dishes, and heard what one resident described as a “tractor passing by.” The effects were felt in Fort Albany, Kashechewan and as far away as Attawapiskat First Nation. No injuries or major

damage are reported. According to National Resources Canada seismologist Catherine Woodgold, the region experienced an earthquake with a magnitude of 4.3 on the Nuttli magnitude scale (Richter scale equivalent for eastern North America). The Nuttli scale is a logarithmic measurement of the energy released by an earthquake. “We don’t expect any significant damage at that magnitude level, just knick-knack falling from shelves and things like that,” Woodgold said. According to the National Resources Canada website,

earthquakes with a magnitude of 3.5-5.4 are “often felt, but rarely cause damage” while a magnitude under 6.0 can cause “at most, slight damage to welldesigned buildings” and “major damage to poorly constructed buildings over small regions.” Magnitudes between 7.0-7.9 are considered a “major” earthquake that can cause severe damage over larger areas while 8.0-8.9 is consider “great” and can involve the loss of life. The epicenter of the earthquake was located about 69 kilometres northwest of Moosonee, somewhere between Moosonee and Fort Albany.

Woodgold said there have been 48 earthquakes within 100 kilometres of Moosonee since 1980, with three having magnitudes ranging between 3-3.6. Magnitudes under 3.5 are generally not felt. The biggest southern James Bay earthquake recorded in the National Resources Canada database was in 1965 when a 4.9 magnitude earthquake hit the region. Woodgold encourages residents who felt the earthquake to report it through the National Resources Canada website at: earthquakescanada. nrcan.gc.ca

‘We need to be in the driver’s seat,’ says National Chief Early First Nations involvement in development projects could save later conflict Rick Garrick

Wawatay News

National Chief Shawn A-inchut Atleo is calling for First Nations to be involved from the outset in resource development. “Currently, First Nations are often the last to know about major resource development,” Atleo said during his April 23 economics of reconciliation speech at the Canadian Club of Toronto. “This relegates our communities to few options and usually results in confrontation. So we end up with protests and legal battles that frus-

trate opportunity for everyone and deepen tensions today and in the future.” Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug Chief Donny Morris said the government has to let his community know when resource development is being discussed for their traditional territory. “We need to be in the driver’s seat,” Morris said. “This is our territory and when two companies are being bought out by the government, obviously there is something there. The government is acknowledging our veto to say no, but it is taking them too long to come

to the forefront, where they basically buy out these companies.” The provincial government bought out God’s Lake Resource’s mining claims for $3.5 million on March 29 and Platinex’s mining claims for $5 million in 2008. Although the province also excluded 23,000 square kilometres of land in KI’s traditional territory from mining development in early March, Morris is concerned that more junior mining companies will move into his area once their mining claims in the Ring of Fire mineral

exploration area are bought out for production by larger mining companies. “That’s why we have to secure our lakes, rivers, our policies, our consultations,” Morris said. “We need to secure ourselves in those areas to meet the wave that will be coming up this way.” Morris wants to see neighbouring municipalities working with First Nation communities in a coalition to keep more of the benefits of the mining process in the north. “Imagine what kind of boom that would set off,” Morris said. “We (would) have finally

our non-native partners recognizing our treaty rights. It would solve a lot of economic issues.” Morris said there is “room enough” for everyone in northwestern Ontario to make a living and get rich. “But that respect of your treaty partner has to be at the forefront,” Morris said. “If the chiefs and mayors got together, it would shift the political aspect of this region.” Atleo also wants First Nations to be involved as full partners in discussions about exploration, ownership, participation and production and

long-term sustainability of environments, communities and futures. “Recent federal announcements about streamlining the regulatory process have created further fear and concern for many First Nations,” Atleo said during his economics or reconciliation speech. “Our rights have never been properly addressed in the existing processes. While we can all agree about efficiency, we must see a clear and explicit commitment for our rights and interests to be addressed, as required by the federal constitutional duty.”


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Wawatay News MAY 10, 2012

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

From the Wawatay archives 16-5th Avenue North P.O. Box 1180 Sioux Lookout, ON P8T 1B7 Serving the First Nations in Northern Ontario since 1974. Wawatay News is a politically independent weekly newspaper published by Wawatay Native Communications Society.

ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᑲᑭᒪᑕᓄᑲᑌᐠ 1974 ᐁᐅᒋᐊᓄᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᑭᐧᐁᑎᓄᐠ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᑕᐃᑦᔑᑫᐧᐃᓇᐣ. ᑕᓱᓂᔓᐱᒥᑯᓇᑲ ᐅᔑᒋᑲᑌ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐧᐃ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᐧᐃᐣ ᐅᓇᔓᐧᐁᐧᐃ ᑲᓇᐧᐊᐸᒋᑫᐧᐃᓂᐠ ᒋᐃᔑ ᐸᐸᒥᓯᒪᑲᐠ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓂᑫᐧᐃᓇᐣ. CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER David Neegan

Commentary

Elders, seniors and wisdom Richard Wagamese ONE NATIVE LIFE

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lders, they say, are holders of wisdom. What they generally mean by that is that the people we bestow that title on are recognized for the wealth of knowledge they hold about life, the world, and the spiritual life of our people. They are also role models and fit examples of lives lived according to principle. It confuses me a great deal when people grant themselves the title of Elder. There’s a world of difference between being a senior and being an Elder. Wisdom isn’t necessarily gained just by the passing of years. I’ve met a lot of immature, rigid and unhealed people well over the fifty-five years I’ve been around. In our way of seeing things wisdom is gained from the experience of humility; the knowledge that what you know and what you don’t know are equal and being willing to continue to try to learn no matter the years you’ve accrued. Elders, those who understand and live by that credo are few and far between. Older people, on the other hand, are plenty. There’s a terrific need for wisdom these days. With the world in the state of flux that it’s in and the planet in such turmoil, people everywhere ache and yearn for sage advice, a direction and rituals to make sense of the topsy-turvy nature of things. I was much the same way for a long time. But I’ve been fortunate to learn that genuine Elders are way-finders and the wisdom they carry is meant to help guide us to a position of balance and harmony with ourselves and everything in Creation. It took a long time for me to learn to appreciate that. But I had the great good fortune of meeting a man named Jack Kakakaway when I was in my mid-30s. Jack was a Plains Ojibway from Manitoba, a veteran, a recovering alcoholic, a father, powwow dancer and traditional teacher. He was possessed of a marvelous rolling laugh, loved to hear a good story, tell a joke and played a great mandolin. He was quiet, solemn but open and engaging as well. He was an Elder in the truest sense. When I met him I was living in Calgary and had been on the ceremonial road for a few years.

I knew something about Native spirituality, something about our traditions, and culture and I’d been around enough and had read enough to consider myself worldly about a lot of things. But Jack showed me how little I actually did know – and he did it gently and kindly. Back then I believed that the things that mattered, the things that were important, needed elaborate and complicated answers. I’d grown used to reading huge tomes on philosophy, faith and the job of being fully human. When it came to native spirituality and the way we were directed to live our lives, I believed that there needed to be deep, philosophical content to the answers. Well, Jack saw things differently. To him simple, unadorned answers were always the best and when he spoke of vital things he always made sure to use language and images that were easily digested and understood. He was a great teacher because of that. His ceremonies were always filled with good humor and gentle teaching and I never met anyone who went away from any of those gatherings without feeling uplifted and empowered. What Jack liked more than anything was to go walking on the land. We’d drive out of Calgary into Kananaskis Country and we’d park wherever he felt like walking and head up into the foothills. We’d spend entire afternoons and evenings out there. One time when I was feeling lost and out of sorts with my newspaper job and life in the city, Jack got out of the car without speaking and started walking. I fell in behind him and waited for the wise words to come. Instead, he kept silent and walked and walked. He’d pause now and then to put his hand on a rock, a tree, some moss or the water in a stream. He never said a word about my problems or the answers in all that time. When we got back to the car he stood there with his hands raised to the sky and his head bowed, breathing deeply. When he opened them he looked at me and I remember how clear his eyes were and how they glimmered with kindness. He asked me very quietly - “Did you hear all that?” I thought about his question and realized that I did. Wisdom doesn’t live in words. It lives in feeling. That’s what he taught me that day. What I needed to hear was within me all the time. I just needed to pay attention to it. Wisdom taught me that.

Wawatay News archives

Fort Hope, 1980

In memory of traditional runners, sprinters and walkers Wava Fox GUEST COLUMNIST

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ow many of us have heard of Kip? Why the interest? I listened to a documentary on the long distance runners from Kenya. According to http://www. racingpast.ca, it states that “Kipchoge Keino was not the first Kenyan to win a medal in Empire Games nor the first to win an Olympic medal, but he was the first Kenyan to have a major impact on the international running scene and the first Kenyan to break world records. For eight years, from 1965 to 1972, he was one of the best if not the best middle-distance runners in the world. He won two Olympic gold medals and two silver, as well as three Commonwealth gold medals and one bronze. And though more a competitor than a record breaker, he set world records for 3,000 and 5,000. Kip Keino always raced

with panache and courage; whenever he was in a race, the interest rose. And of course he was the precursor of the flood of Kenyan runners that is still a dominant force in distance running today.” Early in his childhood, he was orphaned. His dream had been to help his people. He saw his goal through competitions at long distance running. He did achieve his goal and lived for the people. Whatever monies he received from his long distance running went towards helping his people. Today he and his partner run a foundation geared to help the orphans. He is known as having a heart of gold because his monies goes towards helping the children, fostering hundreds of children, and building schools. For Kenyan athletes like Kip, they do not seek fame to gratify their egos, or for their retirement fund: their mindset is to share their wealth with others. Kenyan runners achieve their goal by their carbohydrate diet of cornmeal, home that is situated in higher altitudes, and from childhood they lead a disciplined lifestyle. They have no vehicles to replace their mobil-

ity. They walk or run to achieve their tasks. The Kenyan runners come from a place along a rift valley. Traditionally Anishinini/ Anishnawbe/Muskego (Aboriginal) lived a life similar to the Kenyan people. They believed in sharing whatever they had. I heard stories from my parents about how my grandfather Samson believed in the concept of sharing whatever he had. There were times he would come home without his mitts because he saw another person that needed mitts. He would come home without his moccasins because he saw another person that needed footwear. Kenyan people still believe in that concept of sharing. Traditionally Aboriginal people walked or ran to achieve their tasks. My father walked around his trap line. He estimated that his trap line was about 80 miles. He told me that he walked an average of 40 miles per day and spent a night out in the bushes trying to check all his traps. I know from listening to his story he lead a disciplined lifestyle to have the ability to trap. With every task he had, he pursued it with the same zeal, dedication and hard work.

Aboriginal people lived on a diet that surrounded their environment. They were in excellent health living on diet rich in protein consisting of wild meats and fish. This diet was conducive for their health and well-being. Aboriginal people live in an environment that is situated in the Canadian Shield that is full of hilly rocky terrain, moss, and numerous waterways. Elevation is lower. Grounds are not made for a smooth journey if one wants to tackle the goal of being a long distance runner. But yet traditionally our ancestors travelled the northern terrain all the way to arctic using snowshoes and dog teams in the winter; and boats or canoes in the summer. They carried enormous loads over the portages. What has happened over time where people are no longer able to have the agility, discipline and dedication it takes to have the ability to walk 30 or 40 miles a day like our ancestors were able to accomplish? Do Aboriginal youth of today have the endurance, discipline and dedication it takes to become long distance sprinters or runners?

CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER David Neegan davidn@wawatay.on.ca

ART DIRECTOR Roxann Shapwaykeesic, RGD roxys@wawatay.on.ca

TRANSLATORS Vicky Angees vickya@wawatay.on.ca

CONTACT US Sioux Lookout

Office Hours: 8:30-5:00 CST Phone: .....................737-2951 Toll Free: ......1-800-243-9059 Fax: ................(807) 737-3224. ............... (807) 737-2263

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Office Hours: 8:30-4:30 EST Phone: ....................344-3022 Toll Free: ...... 1-888-575-2349 Fax: ................(807) 344-3182

EDITOR Shawn Bell shawnb@wawatay.on.ca WRITER/PHOTOGRAPHER Rick Garrick rickg@wawatay.on.ca WRITER/PHOTOGRAPHER Lenny Carpenter lennyc@wawatay.on.ca

GRAPHIC DESIGNER Matthew Bradley matthewb@wawatay.on.ca SALES MANAGER James Brohm jamesb@wawatay.on.ca CIRCULATION Adelaide Anderson reception@wawatay.on.ca

CONTRIBUTORS Grace Winter Chris Kornacki Richard Wagamese Wava Fox Louis J. Neegan Henry Beardy James Benson Joyce Atchinson Garnet Angenecomb Guest editorials, columnists and letters to the editor do not necessarily reflect the views of Wawatay News.


Wawatay News MAY 10, 2012

5

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Dear Sioux Lookout...

Pick up

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Re: Response to the Sioux Lookout Anti-Racism Committee Regarding the Public Letter in the April 26, 2012 edition of Wawatay News [Editor’s Note: Wawatay News had to cut some of the following letter due to space restrictions. The full text of Garnet Angeconeb’s letter can be found online at www. wawataynews.ca] By Garnet Angeconeb, Anishinaabe citizen of Sioux Lookout For centuries, long before the town of Sioux Lookout was founded by the newcomers in 1912, this area was the homeland to the Anishinaabe people. Sadly some of the descendants are now visibly dislocated from their traditional territory – strangers in their own land. Often the visible social issues evident to the public eye have unfortunately soured some relations between the Anishinaabek and non-Aboriginal people. Much has changed for the better, but there still lives within the veneer, remnants of racism that rear their ugly heads from time to time. The results of systemic racism have created an “us and them” division within the community. These attitudes continue to subsist in subtle ways. In the 1980s, Sioux Lookout was the exciting scene of Anishinaabe organizations settling in, and thus contributing significantly to the economic well-being and survivability of the town. This was a welcomed movement especially by the business community including the education institutions, health, and other entities. Otherwise, Sioux Lookout was facing a “gloom and doom” bust cycle to its economy with the major downsizing of the local CN operations and the closure of the National Defence Radar Base. With the increase of the Anishinaabe population, it was befitting to sustain and maintain amiable relations. Thus in 1988, the municipal council initiated a group that eventually became known as the Sioux Lookout Anti-Racism Committee. The purpose of the group at

the time was clear and straightforward; relationship building between the Anishinaabek and the non-Aboriginal people. Over the years, however, issues and circumstances have changed. The time has now come to reassess and rethink on how best to reinforce the building of relations; it’s an ongoing effort. Perhaps a new strategy is formulating on the horizon – a new approach for all of us to think about. Rethink the Purpose of the Sioux Lookout Anti-Racism Committee Over the years, the Sioux Lookout Anti-Racism Committee has digressed from its original purpose. There are a number of reasons for this change that may explain the organization’s digression such as, but not only attributable to: inconsistent funding sources; change in Sioux Lookout’s demographics; loss of focus; lack of direction; lack of support from the Anishinaabe people; and, complacency. Although there have been some worthy projects and programs initiated by the Sioux Lookout Anti-Racism Committee, the reality is that the organization has strayed away from its original intent – to build relations between the Anishinaabek and non-Aboriginal community. By directing its energy and limited resources to other issues, it appears that the Sioux Lookout Anti-Racism has lost focus on the original purpose of the organization. It is safe to say that the work to realize the original vision of the Sioux Lookout Anti-Racism Committee is far from over; racism is still alive. It is apparent for whatever reasons, the Anishinaabe community has not fully participated nor has it adequately been engaged in the work of the Sioux Lookout Anti-Racism Committee. The work to address issues of racism and attempts to build relations are still ongoing efforts. These efforts will be ongoing for a long time yet. Whether it is through the Sioux Lookout Anti-Racism

Committee or something new, the effort to improve race relations must be undeniably supported by all citizens. If the Sioux Lookout AntiRacism Committee is to win its trust back from the Anishinaabe community, then it must make every effort to garner meaningful participation and engagement from that community. If it does not, perhaps the time has arrived for the larger community to explore new ways and processes to address social issues, in a way that makes the Anishinaabe participation and engagement more meaningful. Recommendations 1. the Sioux Lookout Municipal Council and area First Nations jointly commit to develop a process that ensures and allows meaningful dialogue to take place, and that this process is not limited to political, economic, and social relations. This process is to be premised on good faith to build strong ties between the Anishinaabe community (at large) and the Municipality of Sioux Lookout. Further this new process must be fully endorsed and resourced by all parties, including the federal, provincial, municipal and First Nations governments. 2. the Sioux Lookout AntiRacism Committee be reorganized and reconstituted to officially become what it has become – a vehicle that promotes multiculturalism; youth activities; and other social justice issues. Such revision of purpose, mandate and goals would finally allow the Sioux Lookout Anti-Racism Committee to change its controversial name to something less adversarial ; and finally, 3. the Municipal and First Nations leadership lobby the Ontario government to establish a branch office of the Ontario Human Rights Commission to be located in Sioux Lookout. Thank you! Garnet Angeconeb Anishinaabe

Word on the street ... in Wunnumin Lake What do you plan to do on Mother’s Day?

Maria Jeremiah - I’ll be out of town

Amarence Kanakakeesic - I plan to clean up the house for my mom

Amanda Beardy - I’m going to make a cake for my mom

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Wawatay News MAY 10, 2012

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Anishinabek Nation calls for direct First Nation consultation on new mining act regulations Shawn Bell

Wawatay News

The Anishinabek Nation is calling out the Ontario government over phase 2 of the new Ontario mining act, saying the government is pushing through changes without directly consulting First Nations. Ontario had set a May 1 deadline for comments on new regulatory proposals under phase 2 of the mining act. The regulations were posted online on March 12, with stakeholders asked to submit comments and concerns electronically or in written form. The Anishinabek Nation refused to comment through the Environmental Registry, stating that the current public consultation process does not meet the standards on the

Crown’s duty to consult and accommodate set by Supreme Court decisions. “More than ever, the level of dialogue with First Nations is critical,” said Lake Huron Regional Grand Chief Isadore Day in a press release. “Our government to government discussions must match the dire need for clear and fair consultation with our First Nations and promote and clear and fair treaty right to sharing in the resourcebased economy.” Nishnawbe Aski Nation (NAN) and the Grand Council of Treaty #3 also did not respond to the request for comments by the deadline, although neither organization provided its reasons for not responding. Phase 2 of the mining act deals with a number of issues

of importance to First Nations. The new regulations require prospectors to inform First Nations before doing any exploration work on traditional lands. First Nations will also be provided the opportunity to provide input on projects before any drilling work can proceed. The government also plans to conduct an awareness program on Aboriginal consultation to inform industry what needs to be done, and establish a dispute resolution process for when consultation between industry and First Nations does not result in agreement. Ontario’s director, Mining Act Modernization Secretariat, Robert Merwin, said that much of what is being proposed in phase 2 encourages industry and First Nations to work together on consultation and

accommodation. “The whole process is based upon a system of mutual respect and goodwill,” Merwin said. “That is the basis of what we’re proposing. We think a conversation will work between First Nations and industry.” Day, however, said the Anishinabek Nation believes the government has to retain its role to consult and accommodate with First Nations on development decisions. “It is incumbent upon the Ministry to ensure that assigning a directive to developers to consult First Nations should in no way erode our rights at the government table,” Day said. “The province must maintain its role as a treaty partner and accommodate a process that is consistent to Anishinabek goals and values.”

Ramsay Hart of Mining Watch Canada said that while many aspects of the new mining act are positive, the government is still not meeting its duty to consult with First Nations. “I think they are setting themselves up for future problems. It’s disappointing to see that the government has not learned the lesson yet,” Hart said, adding that the new regulations fail to provide clarity on how consultation with First Nations on mining is going to work. As for getting First Nations input into phase 2 of the mining act, Merwin said that the government respects the Anishinabek Nation’s decision not to respond by the deadline. He said ongoing efforts to consult with First Nations on the new regulations will continue, and that the government will still

take into account any comments from First Nations even though the deadline has passed. Merwin noted that phase 2 was originally planned to be implemented last summer, but the dates have been pushed back to allow for more consultation and input. “We want to take the time to get it right,” Merwin said. “We think in total we’ve taken significant strides to listen to comments and address concerns.” As of the deadline, 145 comments had been received, mostly from industry but also some individual First Nations, Merwin said. The comments and feedback gathered through the process will be included in draft resolutions on the mining act expected to be presented to the government later this year.

Aroland files information request on Ring of Fire meetings Rick Garrick

Wawatay News

Aroland First Nation has filed a freedom of information request relating to the Cliffs Natural Resources chromite mine project in the Ring of Fire. Aroland Chief Sonny Gagnon said he discovered the provincial government and Cliffs had been holding confidential meetings during a May 1 meeting with Joseph Carrabba, Cliffs chairman, president and CEO. “I just wanted to know what they are not revealing to us,” Gagnon said, “especially when they are going to make decisions affecting my First Nation and my membership.” Gagnon said his community and many other local communities will be impacted by the Cliffs project. “We believe Cliffs and the province are holding discussions behind all of our backs about the ferrochrome processing plant, the mine, the infra-

Aroland Chief Sonny Gagnon structure, and more,” Gagnon said. “We need to find out the extent of these exclusive meetings. They are deciding the future for everyone in northwestern Ontario without consulting any of us.” Aroland is seeking records in the possession of the Ministry of Northern Development and Mines and any provincial department and ministry with which the MNDM participated

in the decision to site the Cliffs ferrochrome processing plant in the greater Sudbury area, near Capreol. Gagnon said his community had been looking for the ferrochrome processing plant to be built in the local area to maximize benefits from the chromite deposit. “We’re looking at 100-years plus,” Gagon said, estimating the life of the Cliffs chromite deposit. “I want to make sure it is done right today so the future of our children and grandchildren are taken care of.” Gagnon said his community remembers watching the forest industry haul all the trees away from their area without much benefit to the community. “Now they want to do the same with the ore,” Gagnon said. “The mining companies want to take the resources out of our ground and for us to watch them take it away again. I say no — this time you are not going to take it away.”

Gagnon said he is going to do whatever he can to maximize employment and growth in his community. “They need to prosper,” Gagnon said. “We need housing, we need just about everything.” Gagnon said his community has not had much of an opportunity to discuss the chromite development process with the provincial government or Cliffs. “How do they get the input as to what the Supreme Court of Canada has recognized to the right to consult and accommodate,” Gagnon said. “They are breaking their own laws. I’m not breaking no laws; they are and it seems like we are getting the short end of the stick all the time when it comes to development.” Gagnon said the situation is a breach of his community’s constitutional right under section 35 of the Canadian Constitution Act, 1980 which guarantees First Nations the

right to be consulted and accommodated on matters that affect them and their traditional lands. “This is exactly why a comprehensive environmental assessment does not work for First Nations,” Gagnon said. “We want a negotiated joint review panel, we want to fully participate, we want to protect our land, our people and exercise our Aboriginal treaty rights. We don’t want to be a victim of the comprehensive (environmental assessment) and end up like Attawapiskat.” An MNDM spokesman said the ministry has not yet received the freedom of information request by official channels, but once it arrives they will review it and determine how long it will take to respond. “The usual requirement is 30 calendar days,” said Andrew Morrison, spokesman with MNDM. “However, if there are circumstances that require a lot

more resources to be involved or if it is a particularly large request requiring more time to compile, then we would work with the requestor to establish a longer timeline.” Morrison said the provincial government has been involved in discussions with companies, including Cliffs, regarding development in the Ring of Fire. “The focus of those discussions has been to ensure that Ontario benefits from the investment proposed by Cliffs, including the ferrochrome processing facility,” Morrison said. “The decision where that facility may be located is one that rests with Cliffs, so I would encourage anyone who wanted more information about that location to contact Cliffs directly.” Morrison said MNDM Minister Rick Bartolucci’s goal is ensure the facility is located in Ontario to maximize opportunities for the province.

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7

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Cat Lake school under construction

Students await opening of new school in September 2013 Rick Garrick

Wawatay News

Cat Lake elementary school students are eagerly awaiting the opening of their new school in September 2013. “There was one older student who said he wanted to fail so he can go to the new school,” said Ruby Keesickquayash, principal of Titotay Memorial School. “It’s definitely huge — there’s more room for all the programs that we should have, like for phys-ed, we’ll have a gym.” The community’s 115 elementary students currently participate in phys-ed programs when the weather is good enough for them to go outside. They were moved into their current school, which consists of an old building with five classrooms and a portable classroom, a few years ago after their old school burned down. “It’s OK when it’s nice days, but on rainy days we can’t go outside,” Keesickquayash said. Keesickquayash said storage has also been a problem in the current school, noting her principal’s office is partially used as a storage room. “My desk is where I store stuff too,” Keesickquayash said. “So there will certainly be a lot of space for setting up things (in the new school). Deputy Grand Chief Terry Waboose, Windigo First Nations Council chair Frank McKay and a group of project workers, Windigo technical staff and Aboriginal Affairs

photos by Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

Cat Lake Chief Matthew Keewaykapow, left, Titotay Memorial School principal Ruby Keesickquayash, centre, NAN Deputy Grand Chief Terry Waboose, second from right, and Windigo First Nations Council chair/CEO Frank McKay, right, took part in Cat Lake’s May 1 sod-turning ceremony for a new school.

Top: Deputy Grand Chief Terry Waboose celebrated with NAPS Const. Russell Cheechoo, Martha Wesley, Desirae Turtle, Dakota Keeper and Amber Crane. Above: Model of new elementary school.

and Northern Development Canada staff celebrated the new school along with students, Elders, leaders and community members during a May 1 sod-turning ceremony. “It’s going to bring a positive influence on the children,” said Cat Lake Chief Matthew Keewaykapow. “We’ve been using makeshift classrooms and it is really cramped in there. It’s not a good environment for learning, but this school is

said. “Working together with the government, working together with consultants and other experts is required to design and construct this building.” Waboose sees hope for the future at the cleared site for the new school. “It’s unfortunate these events happen too far in between,” Waboose said. “I’ve been in office for six years and this is only the fourth school

going to address most of those problems due to the size and space.” Keewaykapow said everyone in the community is excited about the new school, which w ill feature a computer lab, library, cafeteria and baseball field in addition to the gym and be located west of the airport near an old settlement. “It’s going to be the pride and joy of the community when it is completed,” Kee-

waykapow said, noting the community looked at four locations for the new school. “That is the best one we came up with.” McKay commended the community, Windigo technical staff, government representatives and consultants for all the hard work throughout the planning process. “There is team work involved in ensuring these dreams can come true,” McKay

I’ve participated in at either an opening or a sod turning.” Although Cat Lake has been struggling with problems due to prescription drug abuse, Waboose said the community must keep moving forward. “We must keep working on the projects and initiatives that are going to better our communities,” Waboose said. “It is certainly my hope to come back in September 2013 to see the final product.”

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Wawatay News MAY 10, 2012

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Hunters continue traditional hunt while living in city Members of Wakepeka and Fort Albany adapt to hunting laws in south Lenny Carpenter Wawatay News

When Zac Tait of Wapekeka First Nation moved to Thunder Bay last fall, he was determined to continue the annual tradition of going out on the goose hunt. After all, the 38-year-old hunted while growing up in Sachigo Lake and it was something he rediscovered more than 10 years ago after living mostly in urban centres such as Thunder Bay, Peterborough, Fort Frances and London, Ont. When he married and moved up to Wapekeka First Nation, Tait decided to reconnect with traditional hunting. “I had to feed my family,” he said. “My wife likes to eat traditional meat.” Continuing the traditional hunt while living in the city was something John-Paul Nakochee was also determined to do. The 72-year-old’s oldest memories are of living out in the trapline near Fort Albany First Nation. “I start remembering when I was 5 being up the river all winter with my parents and uncles,” Nakochee said. “We made a living that way, at that time anyway.” In 1969, Nakochee moved to Ottawa where he lived for 18 years before moving to the Timmins area, where he still lives today. He learned immediately that hunting would be different in the south. Where the north is isolated with no highways, a smaller population, and land owned by either the reserve or the Crown, you can go hunting almost anywhere, Nakochee said, so long as it is not along a family’s traditional trapline. But in the south, people are more densely packed and a lot of land is privately owned. “You can go hunting anywhere that’s Crown land,” Nakochee said. “But you have to be careful of private property.” Since he belonged to Treaty 9 community, Nakochee said he could legally hunt anywhere that is Crown land within the Treaty 9 area. While Tait is also a member of a Treaty 9 band, the Thunder Bay area is the traditional territory of Fort William First Nation, which is not a signatory to that treaty. So Tait’s first step to hunting in the Thunder Bay area was requesting permission from Fort William. “I called them and I had to write a letter requesting permission,” Tait said. Weeks later Tait received a letter from the First Nation signed by the chief allowing Tait to go hunting. It did come with limitations, however. “There’s no limit on geese,” Tait said. “But I can only shoot

photos by Henry Beardy/Special to Wawatay News

Zac Tait of Wapekeka First Nation heads to his truck with a day’s catch of geese. The 38-year-old experienced his first hunt near Thunder Bay this past spring. In order to hunt in the area, Tait gained permission in a letter from Fort William First Nation, as the region is in their traditional territory. one moose and two deer. And I can go fishing too.” While most non-Native hunters would also apply for a hunting license, Tait and Nakochee could hunt outside of the provincially-regulated hunting

“You can go hunting anywhere that’s Crown land, but you have to be careful of private property.”

-John-Paul Nakochee

seasons so long as they carried one document on them: their status cards. “Even if you look like an Indian, they (the MNR) don’t go for that,” Nakochee said with a chuckle. “You gotta have your card.” Nakochee and Tait were also required to earn their Firearms Acquisition Certificate so that they can legally purchase, own and use firearms. They also learned hunting laws that were borne out of safety issues. For instance, Tait learned you must be completely off the highway to hunt and you cannot shoot in the direction of the road, even with a shotgun. “So if the geese fly toward the highway, you can’t shoot them,” he said. “It happened a few times.” When moose hunting in the fall, Nakochee adorns the

bright orange jackets to makes him visible to other hunters. He recalled one time driving along the road and seeing movement in the bush. Thinking it might be a moose, he got closer and realized it was a worker. “That’s why it’s so important,” Nakochee said. “There’s a lot of hunters out there.” In selecting a hunting spot, Nakochee said he tries to find Crown land to hunt on, but it can be difficult to tell. “Most of the places are not marked private property,” he said. “That’s where you can get into trouble. If you kill a moose on private property and there’s no mark, then you have a tough time with the MNR.” Nakochee said he shot a moose that was on someone’s unmarked property and the MNR became involved. Nakochee got off because he was able to prove there was no property marker. Sometimes, Nakochee goes hunting along a river since the land within 60 feet of each side cannot be owned. For Tait, he chose to go straight to a property owner to find a hunting spot. “I was fortunate enough to make friends with a farmer with 100 acres of farmland,” Tait said. He received permission to hunt on the property and the farmer even called all the nearby farmers to inform

them of Tait’s presence. “I always keep in contact with (the farmer), like when I’ll come in to hunt, because he has his neighbours and they have cattle,” Tait said. The property has a pond at one end, which is where Tait did most of his goose hunting. Tait however had no decoys to lure in the geese, as they can be expensive and he had left his in Wapekeka. “I tried using garbage bags one time,” he said with a laugh. But for the most part, he said, he just sat by the pond and lured the geese in with goose calls. Tait uses a store-bought goose caller to lure in the geese – not because of any regulations but it was a suggestion offered by his fellow hunters back in Wapekeka. “My goose calling, they say ‘Stop scaring the geese away, you sound like a dog,’” Tait said, laughing. Tait also does not use a blind but instead hides in the grass by the pond. “It’s easier to move around,” Tait said, “and I can’t just make a big wood nest and leave it behind.” For next year, he plans on buying a collapsible blind. The terrain of the south can prove to be a challenge for Nakochee, as it can be difficult to walk around. “The ground is very very soft, you have to be careful where you walk,” Nakochee said. “You NEWS can’t just run all over WAWATAY Date theCompleted: place. If you kill a bird, you January 13, 2012 can’t just run after it. Up north, Size: too, but it’s not as dan3it’s COLsoft x 45 AGATES Completed by: as down here. Down gerous Matthew Bradley here youPrepaid have to be careful.” 20120119 Megafon Unlimited January 13, 2012 2:47 PM The type of land around a To: ________________________ lake can factor in whether it is ID:

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Top: Wapekeka First Nation’s Zac Tait stands in the marsh with his two youngest sons. Tait said hunting near the city allows him to pass on his traditions. Below: Tait was able to gain permission from a local farmer to hunt on 100 acres of land. Rather than make a blind, Tait hid in the grass and used goose calls to lure in the geese.

be good spot or not. “Some are just rocks all around,” Nakochee said, noting that it is not like that in the muskeg up north. “In the bottom, there’s no marsh. The birds don’t like to hang around there.” One of the benefits of hunt-

“It keeps my tradition going and I hope my son continues it too.”

-Zac Tait

ing near cities that Nakochee and Tait agree on is the accessibility of the hunting spots to their homes. “I drive home everyday, because there’s a lot of roads,” Nakochee said. It is much easier compared to traveling the river up north to get to his family camp, he said, especially at his age. Hunting near Thunder Bay allowed Tait to continue to work full-time and not miss any days. He said he would be out at 6 a.m. to hunt for an

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hour or so, head back to the city for work, then hunt again in the evenings. On the weekends, he hunted all day. He also liked the convenience of driving instead of taking a skidoo or canoe. “After the drive, I just take a little walk and I’m there,” he said. “And I’m done setting up by the time I get there.” His Wapekeka morning routine consisted of filling his Thermos, but in the city, “I drop by Tim Hortons or Robins,” he said. This spring, Tait and his friend ended up with about 30 geese hunting on the farmer’s property. Nakochee said he did not fare as well because he was in British Columbia and North Bay when the geese flew earlier than usual this spring. In hunting down south, Nakochee advises all hunters to educate themselves on the rules and regulations. “It takes a while, especially if you don’t ask,” he said. “You can talk to the (MNR) game warden.” Nakochee said he will continue to go hunting while living in Timmins and hopes to go back NEWS onWAWATAY his traditional grounds in the Date Completed: near future. March 29, 2012 Size: “It’s very important me,” he 3 COL x 54 AGATES said. “It’s Completed by: who I am.” Matthew TaitBradley described his first hunting 20120510 NYM Ministries Counselling April 2, 2012 11:07 AM experience near Thunder Bay as To: ________________________ “awesome.” ________________________ provides for me and my From:“It _____________________ @ Wawatay News family and whoever else I Please proof your ad and return itshare today by fax,with,” otherwise your ad said. “It keeps he will run as it is on this fax. my 1tradition Choose of the following: going and I hope as is continues it too – and myRun son Run ad with changes I have two younger sons who Require new proof want to go hunting every DO NOT RUN AD chance they get.” ID:

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Wawatay News MAY 10, 2012

9

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

photos by Lenny Carpenter/Wawatay News

Left: Spring Nakogee of Fort Albany First Nation expresses how she feels about the skinned beaver in front of her. Several beavers were skinned as part of demonstrations for the Mattagami Beaverfest 2012. Above: Four beavers are roasted over an open fire in preparation for the community feast. Mattagami First Nation Chief Walter Naveau said that the beaver was one of his people’s primary food sources and source of income during the fur trade.

Mattagami Beaverfest offers sharing of culture Mattagami Beaverfest allows youth to learn culture and grow sense of pride in who they are: Chief Walter Naveau Lenny Carpenter Wawatay News

Leonard Naveau of Mattagami First Nation skins a beaver as part of demonstrations during the Mattagami Beaverfest 2012. Naveau started the first Beaverfest and has organized the event every year.

It was a day of sharing their culture as Mattagami First Nation celebrated the Beaverfest on April 28. In its 9th year, the Beaverfest is an annual celebration and sharing of the Mattagami people’s culture, said Mattagami First Nation Chief Walter Naveau. “It’s a way to experience how we lived and share our culture, and show people that this is who we are as First Nations people.” Naveau said the beaver is a significant part of his people’s culture. “The beaver was one of our primary food sources,” he said. “It was our food, it was our diet. He helped us to stay more healthy than what we buy in at the store today.” photos by Lenny Carpenter/Wawatay News

Left: A demonstration of stretching the beaver pelt. Bottom left: Marnie Hunter of Weenusk First Nation tends to geese being roasted while guests look on. Below: Jessica Echum shows off her t-shirt that is sported by several other Mattagami women. Right: Community members and guests help themselves during the community feast.

The beaver also played a big part in the fur trade, as in the past, families spent the winter months out on their traplines and brought fur pelts to the trading post to trade for food or supplies. Beaverfest featured demonstrations of how to skin and roast a beaver, along with stretching and preparing the hide. The event also had music performances, raffle draws, and a community feast that featured, of course, the beaver. Many of the youth in this 450-member First Nation live off the reserve for school and jobs in nearby Sudbury and Timmins, making it harder to connect to the land. Today just 300 members live on the reserve. Naveau said by having the demonstrations, it gave the community youth an educational experience.

“It’s a great opportunity for our youth to see with their own eyes and actually learn some of these things that they’ve never done,” he said. “Part of that culture is gone but it’s coming back and by demonstrating to the youth in the community, it brings a sense of pride in who they are.” Beaverfest was organized by Elder Leonard Naveau in partnership with the Gogama Fur Council. “It’s tremendous job to bring people in spirit of unity and also in that spirit of harmony where we work together as a nation to welcome all the different tribes: the Crees, Ojibwas, Oji-Crees, the French, you name it,” Chief Naveau said. Naveau said the first event started off small by Elder Naveau with two beavers and it continues to get bigger every year.


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Wawatay News MAY 10, 2012

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᓇᑕᐃᐧᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᒪᑲᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᐳᓂᑐᐨ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᕑᐃᐠ ᑲᕑᐃᐠ ᐊᐧᐊᐧᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐃᐧᓇᐣ

Ralph Johnson, a traditional teacher from Sioux Lookout, is raising awareness that traditional healing methods are an alternative for helping people with prescription drug addictions.

ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᐃᐧᓂᓂ ᑫᑯᓀᐣ ᐊᐣᒋᑯ ᑭᔭᐱᐨ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᐣ ᐁᐅᐣᒋ ᒪᒥᓂᑕᐧ ᐃᑭᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᐊᐧᓂᔭᐸᒋᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᐣ. “ᒥᔑᐣ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᒥᓇᑲᓄᐊᐧᐠ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᓂ ᒣᑐᑐᐣ ᑲᐃᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐃᐧᓴᑫᐣᑕᒧᒪᐡᑭᑭ ᐁᐅᐣᒋ ᑲᑫᐧᐃᒋᐦᐃᐣᑕᐧ ᒋᐅᒋ ᐊᓄᑲᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑎᐯᓂᒥᑯᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᑫᐃᐧᐣ,” ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᕑᐊᓫᑊ ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ, ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᐃᐧᓂᓂ ᐊᐧᓂᓇᐊᐧᑲᐠ ᐁᑲᐯᔑᐨ. “ᓇᐣᑕ ᐱᑯ ᒥᑕᓱᔭᑭ ᓇᐣᑕ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ ᐅᑕᐱᒥᐅᑕᐱᓇᓇᐊᐧ ᐃᐁᐧᓂ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᓂ. ᒥᑕᐡ ᐃᑯ ᐁᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᑯᑕᑭᓂ ᐸᑲᐣ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᓂ ᐁᒥᐡᑲᐧᒋ ᑎᐯᓂᒥᑯᐊᐧᐨ.” ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᒥᔑᐣ ᑲᑭᐱᐊᐧᐃᐧᒋᐦᐊᐨ ᒥᓇ ᑲᑭᑲᐡᑭᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᓀᐱᒋ ᐳᓂᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐅᑭᔭᐸᒋᑐᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᓇᑕᐃᐧᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂ ᐁᐧᑎ ᐱᑲᑕᐧᑲᒥᑯ ᓇᑕᐃᐧᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐱᒧᑐᐨ ᑕᓱᓂᐱᐣ ᐁᐧᑎ ᑭᒥᐊᐧᓂᓴᑲᐦᐃᑲᓂᐠ. “ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᑐᒋᒥᓀᐧᑕᓯᓇᐊᐧ ᑯᑕᑭᓂ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᓂ ᑲᑭᒥᓂᑕᐧ ᐁᑲᑫᐧ ᐳᓂᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᒪᐡᑭᑭᑫᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ,” ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ. “ᑌᐯᐧ ᑕᐡ ᐃᑯ ᐅᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑯᓇᐊᐧ. ᐣᑭᑲᐧᔭᐣᒋᐊᔭᒥᐣ ᑲᔦ ᒪᑐᑐᓴᐧᐣ ᐁᑭᐱᐣᒋᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐱᐱᑯ ᑲᑭᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ, ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᐊᐱ ᑲᑭᒋᐊᐧᐊᐧᓀᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ.” ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐅᒪᑐᑐᓴᐧᐣ ᑲᐧᔭᐣᒋᔭᓂ ᑕᓱᑭᔑᑲ ᒋᐅᒋ ᐊᐸᒋᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᐱᐊᐧᐃᐧᒋᐦᐊᐧᐨ, ᐁᔭᓂ ᐃᐧᓴᑫᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐱ ᑲᔭᓂᒐᑭᒪᑲᓂᐠ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᓂ ᐅᐃᐧᔭᐃᐧᐊᐧᐠ, ᐁᔭᓂ

ᐊᐧᐊᐧᓀᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᐁᔭᓂ ᓂᓂᐣᑭᓭᐊᐧᐨ. “ᐊᐱ ᑕᐡ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᔭᓂᓇᒪᐣᒋᐦᐅᐊᐧᐨ, ᐊᓂᑲᐧᔭᐣᒋᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᐱᐣᒋᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᑐᑐᓴᐧᓂᐠ,” ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ. “ᒥᐦᐃᒪ ᐁᐅᐣᒋ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑯᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᓴᑭᑕᐯᐧᓱᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᒋᐅᒋ ᓴᑭᒋᐡᑲᒪᑲᓂᐠ ᐃᐁᐧᓂ ᑲᒪᐡᑭᑲᑯᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᐣ ᐅᐃᐧᔭᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣᐠ. ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑕᐡ ᐅᐁᐧ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᒪᑲᐣ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᔕᑯᐨ ᐃᒪ ᑎᐸᒋᒧᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᑭᐅᒋ ᑎᐸᑐᑌᐠ ᑭᐡᐱᐣ ᒋᑭᐊᐸᒋᒋᑲᑌᑭᐸᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᓇᑕᐃᐧᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᐅᒋ ᑲᑫᐧ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑕᐧ ᑲᑎᐯᓂᒥᑯᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᐃᐧᓂ.” ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐧᐣ ᐅᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᐣ ᒋᑭᑫᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐣ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᐁᑕᑲᐧᑭᐣ ᑫᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᒥᓄᔭᐸᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᐳᓂᑐᐨ ᑲᐊᐧᓂᔭᐸᒋᑐᐨ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᐣ ᐊᐱᐨ ᐃᐧᐣ ᐊᐣᒋᑯ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐣ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᐣ ᑲᑲᑫᐧ ᓇᑕᐃᐧᐳᐊᐧᑲᓄᐊᐧᐠ. “ᐣᑭᐊᔭᒥᐦᐊᐸᓂᐠ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐠ ᑲᐱᒧᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᑐᑐᐸᓴᐧᐣ ᐅᒪ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐊᒥ ᑫᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᐯᔑᑲᐧᐣ ᐁᐃᓀᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ,” ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ. “ᑲᐃᐣ ᑕᐡ ᑫᑯᐣ ᒋᑕᑲᐧᐠ ᐊᐣᑎ ᑫᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᐱᒧᒋᑲᑌᑭᐸᐣ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑐᑲᐣ ᑫᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑕᐧᐸᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᐃᐧ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂᐠ, ᒥᑕᐡ ᐁᔑᓇᑭᐡᑲᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᐃᐧᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᐱᑯ ᐁᓂᔑᑫ ᓇᓇᑐᓇᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐣᑎ ᑫᑭᐅᐣᒋ ᑲᑫᐧᐃᐧᒋᐦᐊᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᑐᑲᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᒪᑐᑐᓴᐧᓂᑫᐊᐧᐨ. ᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᐱᑯ ᑲᔦ ᐅᒣᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᐅᑕᐸᒋᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᑲᐃᐧ ᑲᑫᐧᐃᒋᐦᐊᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑐᑲᐣ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑯᐃᐧᐣ.” ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ ᐃᑭᑐ ᒪᑐᑐᓴᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᔑᒋᑲᓄᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᒪ ᐱᑯ ᓇᐣᑕ ᐯᔑᑯᐊᐧᑲᓭ ᐊᑯᓇᐠ ᓂᔓᐊᐧᑫᓯ

Options for Education We are now accepting applications for the 2012 academic year! We recognize our students are often employed full-time or reside in Northern and remote communities. Our special delivery methods will allow you to remain employed and live in your home community for the duration of the program and earn your credentials. We will be offering the following programs through a blended delivery format (e.g. on-campus sessions, tele/video conferences, distance education) in September 2012. UÊ >̈ÛiÊ >ÀÞÊ …ˆ`…œœ`Ê `ÕV>̈œ˜Ê

UÊ *Ài‡i>Ì…Ê-Vˆi˜ViÃ

UÊ *iÀܘ>Ê-Õ««œÀÌÊ7œÀŽiÀÊ

UÊ -œVˆ>Ê-iÀۈViÃÊ7œÀŽiÀÊ‡Ê >̈ÛiÊ-«iVˆ>ˆâ>̈œ˜

All of these programs are delivered in partnership with an Ontario college. This means that you will receive a level of education that is equivalent to, and even exceeds that found in mainstream schools and you will graduate with a college diploma or certificate! Our staff and instructors have a passion for teaching and supporting First Nations students.

For more information contact: Lorrie Deschamps, Community Liaison & Student Recruitment Officer 3-106 Centennial Square, Thunder Bay, Ontario P7E 1H3 | Ph: 807-626-1880 | E: info@oshki.ca

www.oshki.ca

A New Beginning

Photos by Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

A typical sweat lodge located at the Ka-Na-Chi-Hih Specialized Solvent Abuse Treatment Centre in Thunder Bay.

ᐱᒥᑐᒋᑲᑌ, ᒥᓇ ᐊᓂᓂᑯ ᑕᓯᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᐱᐣᒋᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᐦᐃᒪ ᒥᓂᑯᐠ ᐁᐱᒥᑭᑲᑌᐠ. “ᒥᑐᓂ ᑭᒋᑭᔑᑌ ᐃᒪ ᐱᐣᒋᒪᑐᑐᓴᐧᓂᐠ,” ᐃᑭᑐ ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ. “ᑭᐣ ᑕᐡ ᐃᑯ ᒋᑲᑫᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᓱᔭᐣ ᑭᔭᐃᐧᐣᐠ ᒋᑲᑫᐧᑭᔑᑐᔭᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐃᒪ ᑲᐸᐡᑭᓀᔭᐸᑌᐠ ᒋᐅᒋ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑯᔭᐣ. ᒥᐢᑕᐦᐃ ᑭᐱᐊᓄᑲᑌ ᐅᐁᐧ ᐁᑭᓇᓇᑕᐃᐧ ᑭᑫᐣᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐊᓂᐣ ᐁᔑ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᒪᑲᐠ ᑲᐸᐡᑭᓀᔭᐸᑌᐠ.” ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ ᐃᑭᑐ ᐃᒪ ᐱᑯ ᓇᐣᑕ ᓂᐅᑭᔑᑲ ᐊᑯᓇᐠ ᓂᔭᓄᑭᔑᑲ ᐱᒋᓇᐠ ᐊᐱᐣ ᑲᔭᓂ ᓇᑲᓂᐁᐧᒪᑲᐠ ᑲᒥᔕᒥᐡᑲᑫᒪᑲᐠ ᑲᒪᓇᒪᐣᒋᐦᐅᓇᓄᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᒪ ᑲᑕᓇᓄᑲᑕᐠ ᐱᑲᐧᑕᑲᒥᑯ ᓇᑕᐃᐧᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ. “ᐣᑕᔭᒥᐣ ᐃᑯ ᐅᐁᐧ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᑭᐡᐱᐣ ᑭᔭᐱᐨ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑯᐃᐧᐣ ᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᑐᑲᐣ ᐃᐧᐊᔭᒥᐦᐊᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐣ,” ᐃᑭᑐ WAWATAY ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ. “ᓇᐣᑕ NEWS ᒥᓇᐊᐧ ᑭᐡᐱᐣ Date Completed: ᐃᐧᐱᐣᒋᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᑐᑐᓴᐧᓂᐠ, ᒥᐦᐅᐁᐧ April 27, 2012 ᐁᐃᔑᑲᐧᔭᐣᒋᑕᒪᐊᐧᑭᑕᐧ.” Size:ᐊᓇᐃᐧᐣ 15-20 ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᐃᔕᐊᐧᐠ 4 COL x 108ᐃᐁᐧ AGATES ᐯᔑᑲᐧ ᑲᐱᒥᐅᓇᑌᐠ ᐱᑲᐧᑕᑲᒥᑯ Completed by: ᓇᑕᐃᐧᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ, Matthew Bradleyᐯᔑᑯᐱᒥᑯᓇᑲ ᐅᐱᒪᓄᑕᑲᐣ ᐯᔑᑲᐧ ᐯᔑᑯᐱᓯᑦ 20120510 Oshki Options For Education ID: ᒣᑲᐧᐨ April 27,ᑲᓂᐱᓂᐠ, 2012 9:03 AM ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐃᑭᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᑯ ᑲᓂᑕᐱᔕᐊᐧᐨ To: ________________________ ᐸᑲᐣ ᑫᑯᐣ ᑲᐅᐣᒋᐱᔕᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐱᐨ ᐃᐧᐣ ________________________ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᑲᑫᐧ ᐳᓂᑐᐊᐧᐨ. From: _____________________ “ᐊᐱ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᑲᑭᔭᓂ@ Wawatay Newsᐸᐱᔕᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᑲᑎᐯᓂᒥᑯᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᐣ Please proof your ad and return it today by fax, otherwise your ad ᐅᐠᓯᑯᑎᐣ, ᒥᐊᐱ ᑲᑭᐸᑲᓇᑐᔭᐣᐠ will run as it is on this fax. ᓂᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂᓇᐣ ᐁᑲᐧ Choose 1 of the following:ᐸᑭᑎᓇᒥᐣ ᑕᓱᑭᔑᑲ ᐣᑭᔭᓂ ᒪᑐᑐᓴᐧᐣ,”ᐃᑭᑐ ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ. Run as is ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐃᓂᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣ Run ad with changes ᑲᐱᒥᐃᐧᒋᐦᐊᐨ ᐸᐸᑲᐣ (no additional proof required) ᐊᓂᓀᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᐱ ᑲᐃᐡᑲᐧ Require new proof ᑭᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᓇᑕᐃᐧᐦᐅᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᐅᒪ DO NOT RUN AD (in for quote only) ᐱᑲᐧᑕᑲᒥᑯ ᓇᑕᐃᐧᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂᐠ. “ᒥᔑᓇᐧᔦᐠ ᐸᐸᑲᐣ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ Ad cost: ______________________ ᐅᑕᓄᐣᒋ ᑲᑭᑫᐣᑕᓇᐊᐧ run: ᑫToᐃ ᔑ_______________________ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐱᒪᑎᓯᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐃᓀᑫ,” ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ. “ᒥᔑᐣ ᐅᒪ ______________________________ Signature of Client’sᓂᐱᐃᐧᐣᑕᒪᑯᒥᐣ Approval ᑲᑭᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑕᐧ ᐁᑭᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑯᐊᐧᐨ.” Note: ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐅᒪ Ad proofs may not print out the same size as they will appear in ᐱᑲᐧᑕᑲᒥᑯ ᓇᑕᐃᐧᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂᐠ the newspaper. ᐸᑭᑎᓂᑲᑌᐊᐧᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐱᑯ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐣ ᓇᑕᐃᐧᐦᐅᐃᐧ ᐃᔑᒋᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᐯᑭᐡ ᑲᔦ ᒪᑐᑐᓴᐧᓂᐠ. “ᐊᑎᐟ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᒥᓂᑎᑯᐠ ᐃᔕᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᓇᑕᐃᐧ

ᓂᔑᑫᔭᐊᐧᐨ,” ᐃᑭᑐ ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ. “ᒧᔑᐦᐅᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑕᑲᐧᓄᐣ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᐡ ᐃᐧᐣᑕᒪᐊᐧᑲᓄᐊᐧᐠ ᑫᐃᔑ ᐱᒥᔭᓄᑲᓂᑎᓱᐊᐧᐨ. ᐣᑕᔭᐊᐧᒥᐣ ᑲᔦ ᑫᐅᒋ ᒪᒥᓄᒥᑕᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐱᑯ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐣ ᐸᐸᑲᐣ ᓇᓇᑲᐤ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᓇᐣ, ᑐᑲᐣ ᐁᐱᒥᓯᑐᓇᑲᓄᐨ ᑭᐡᐱᐣ ᑲᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᐠ ᒋᐱᒥ ᐧᐃᑕᐱᒥᑯᐨ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐣ.” ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐅᒪ ᑲᐱᔕᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᐱᑯ ᐅᑐᓀᐣᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᑫᔭᓂᔑ ᐱᒥᑭᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᒥᔑᐣ ᐃᐧᒋᑕᐧᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑭᔑᑌᐳᓇᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑭᔐᐸᓀᑫᐧᐃᐧᐣ, ᐊ ᐱ ᑕ ᑭ ᔑ ᑲ ᓀ ᑫ ᐧ ᐃ ᐧ ᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐅᓇᑯᔑᓀᑫᐧᐃᐧᐣ. “ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐠ ᐊᔭᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᐯᐦᐃ ᑲᔭᓄᑭᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᒪᓂᓭᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᐳᑕᐊᐧᑌᐠ ᒪᑐᑐᓴᐧᐣ, ᐊᓯᓂᐠ ᑲᓇᓇᓯᑲᐃᐧᐣᑕᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐁᑲᓯᓂᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᒪ ᑌᑎᐸᐦᐃ,” ᐃᑭᑐ ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ. “ᑲᑭᓇ ᐱᑯ ᐊᐃᐧᔭ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧ.” ᐁᑲᐧ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑫᐅᐡᑭᓭᐠ ᐱᑲᐧᑕᑲᒥᑯᐃᐧ ᓇᑕᐃᐧᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᓄᑯᑦ ᒪᑯᐱᓯᑦ 27 ᐃᓇᑭᓱᐨ. ᐊᓇᐃᐧᐣ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ ᐅᐁᐧᓂ ᑲᐱᒧᑐᐨ ᐅᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᐁᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᒪᑲᓂᐠ ᑐᑲᐣ ᐃᑯ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐣ ᑲᐃᔑ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᒪᑲᑭᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑕᐧ ᑲᑲᑫᐧᐳᓂᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᐊᐧᓂᔭᐸᒋᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᐡᑭᑭᐣ, ᔕᑯᐨ ᐅᑭᑫᐣᑕᐣ ᐊᑎᐟ ᑲᑭᐱᐃᐧᒋᐦᐊᐨ ᒥᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᐱᐣ ᐁᑭᔭᓂ ᑭᐁᐧᒪᐡᑭᑭᐊᐧᐨ ᐣᑯᑕᐧᓱᐱᓯᑦ ᑲᑭᐃᐡᑲᐧ ᐃᔕᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ ᐅᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂᐠ. “ᐊᓂᐡ ᐁᑲ ᑫᑯᐣ ᐁᑕᑲᐧᓂᐠ ᑫᑭᐅᒋ ᐱᒥᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑕᐧ ᐅᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ,” ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ. ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ ᑕᐡ ᐅᒪᒥᑐᓀᐣᑕᐣ ᐁᐃᐧᐅᓇᑐᐣ ᒪᑐᑐᓴᐧᓂ ᐃᒪ ᐊᐧᓂᓇᐊᐧᑲᐠ ᒋᐅᒋ ᐱᒥᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑕᐧ ᑲᐯᐱᐳᐣ ᐅᑯᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑭᐃᐡᑲᐧ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑕᐧ. “ᑭᐡᐱᐣ ᐊᓄᑲᓇᑕᐧ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑐᑲᐣ ᑲᐃᔑᔭᓂᒥᓭᐊᐧᐨ, ᐃᓯᓭᐸᐣ ᒋᐸᑭᑎᓂᑎᓱᔭᐣ ᑕᓱᑭᔑᑲ ᒋᐱᒥᐃᐧᑐᔭᐣ ᒪᑐᑐᓴᐧᐣ ᑕᓱᑭᔑᑲ,” ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ. “ᒥᐢᑕᐦᐃ ᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᑲᐧᐣ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᒥᔑᓄ ᑎᐸᐦᐃᑲᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑭᒋᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᐡ ᐃᐧᐣ ᐁᐧᑎ ᓂᓇᐃᐧᐟ ᐱᑲᐧᑕᑲᒥᑯᐠ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᑕᔑᐃᔑᒋᑫᔭᐣᐠ, ᒥᔑᐣ ᐣᑕᔭᐊᐧᒥᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑯᔭᐣᐠ.” ᒐᐧᐣᓴᐣ ᐅᒥᓴᐁᐧᐣᑕᐣ ᒋᔭᓂᑕᑲᐧᓂᐠ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᓂ ᐅᒪ ᐊᐧᓂᓇᐊᐧᑲᐠ ᒋᐃᔑᑲᐯᔑᐦᐃᐣᑕᐧ ᒥᓇ ᒋᑕᔑ ᓇᑕᐃᐧᐦᐃᐣᑕᐧ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᐃᒪ ᐃᓀᑫ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᓇᑕᐃᐧᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂᐠ.

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Sweat lodge helping addicts overcome oxy Continued from age 1 Johnson said it usually takes four to five days to get over the extreme withdrawals in his Natural Healing program. “It’s just a matter of having additional supports there for people after that if they need to talk to somebody,” Johnson said. “Or if again, they need to go into a sweat, then those avenues are made available to them.” Although 15-20 clients usually attend each session of the Natural Healing program, which operates for one week once every month throughout the summer months, Johnson said most of his clients are attending for reasons other than prescription drug abuse. “When we first started getting people who were addicted to OxyContin, that’s when we changed our program and started doing sweats every day,” Johnson said. Johnson said his clients are usually in a different frame of mind after undergoing the Natural Healing program. “They learn a different way of looking at life,” Johnson said. “We’ve had a lot of positive feedback from the people who came.” Johnson said the Natural Healing program includes a teaching lodge and other healing avenues in addition to the sweat lodge. “Some people will go out on the island and do some healing work,” Johnson said. “There are emotions, so people are given instruction on how to work through that. We also have available to us not only counselling but other forms of therapy, like focusing as an avenue for people that are interested in sitting one on one with somebody.” Johnson said everyone attending the Natural Healing program is in charge of their own healing and many volunteer to cook breakfast, lunch and supper. “There’s also people working constantly to make sure there is wood for the sweats, grandfathers and the area is cleaned out,” Johnson said. “So everybody participates.” The first session of this year’s Natural Healing program is scheduled to begin on May 27. While Johnson said the Natural Healing program is as effective as other prescription drug abuse programs, he knows of

some clients who started abusing prescription drugs again about six to seven months after completing their session. “But they didn’t have any access to any supports in their community,” Johnson said. Johnson is now considering setting up a sweat lodge in the Sioux Lookout area to provide services to clients throughout the whole year. “If you’re dealing with addictions like that, you have to be prepared to run sweats every day,” Johnson said. “That takes a lot of resources and a lot of time and energy, but when we’re out at Rainy Lake we have a lot of volunteers.” Johnson would like to see a healing centre established in Sioux Lookout for housing and treating people through traditional healing methods. A Health Canada spokeswoman said the National Native Alcohol and Drug Abuse Program and National Youth Solvent Abuse Program both incorporate a combination of mainstream and traditional approaches to support healing from substance use issues, including prescription drug abuse. “Under the Non-Insured Health Benefits program, Health Canada facilitates access to traditional healers in two ways,” said Olivia Caron, media relations officer with Health Canada. “Health Canada will provide coverage for travel, accommodations and meals for a client to see a traditional healer, based on specific criteria. When more than one client from the same community would like to access the services of a traditional healer or where it makes more sense to bring the healer to the community, Health Canada, under the NIHB Program, will provide coverage for travel and accommodations and meals while in transit for the healer to get to the community.” Caron said Health Canada also provides eligible former residential school students and their families with access to mental health and emotional supports, including access to community-based Elders and traditional healers, as they participate in all phases of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement, through the Indian Residential School Resolution Health Support Program.

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Walk for life brings suicide awareness

Photo by Brent Wesley/Special to Wawatay News

Thomas Fiddler leads a group of Dennis Franklin Cromarty High School students in drumming during the 2012 Walk for Life May 2

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STIRLAND LAKE HIGH SCHOOL (ALSO KNOW AS WAHBON BAY ACADEMY) AND CRISTAL LAKE HIGH SCHOOL HAVE BEEN ADDED TO SCHEDULE F OF THE INDIAN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT (“IRSS AGREEMENT”) To all who attended Stirland Lake High School (also known as “Wahbon Bay Academy”) and/or Cristal Lake High School in Northwestern Ontario BE ADVISED that pursuant to a motion brought by Windigo First Nations Council and Nishnawbe Aski Nation before the Ontario Superior Court of Justice, Chief Justice Winkler of the Superior Court of Justice has ordered Stirland Lake and Cristal Lake High Schools to be added to the list of “Indian Residential Schools” under the IRSS Agreement. As a result, former residents/ students of either or both of these schools are eligible to apply for compensation in the form of a Common Experience WAWATAY NEWS (CEP). Payment As well, those former Date Completed: residents/students who suffered sexual and/ December 19, 2011 Size: or serious physical abuses, or other abuses 2 COL x 54 AGATES Completedthat by: Matthew Bradleycaused serious psychological effects, while at either of these high schools, may To: ________________________ apply for additional compensation under ________________________ the Independent Assessment Process (IAP). From: _____________________ 20120216 ANC Prepaid Local February 13, 2012 2:21 PM

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@ Wawatay News

All CEP applications relating to either of these schools must be filed on or before September 19, 2012. The IAP applications must be filed on or before September 19th, 2012.

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If you already applied for the CEP with respect to either of Stirland Lake or Cristal Lake High Schools prior to November 16th, 2011, you must re-apply now. This Notice extends only to applications relating to attendances at Stirland Lake High School and Cristal Lake High School. It does not alter the existing deadlines under the IRSS Agreement in place for other eligible Indian Residential Schools. For more information on both processes, please call toll free, 1.866.879.4913, or go to www.residentialschoolsettlement.ca to read the Settlement Agreement and other Court approved notices, or write to Residential Schools Settlement, Suite 3-505, 133 Weber Street North, Waterloo, Ontario N2J 3G9. The IRS Crisis Line (1.866.925.4419) provides immediate and culturally appropriate counselling support to former students who are experiencing distress.

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12

Wawatay News MAY 10, 2012

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

NAPS graduates 18 auxiliary constables Rick Garrick

Wawatay News

A mother of five wants to increase awareness of policing among children and youth in her community after graduating from Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service’s Auxiliary Constable program. “It will help me to be a role model in my community,” said Mattagami’s Deanna Heyte, one of 18 auxiliary constables who graduated on May 4 at NAPS headquarters in Thunder Bay. “It will allow them (children and youth) to be able to ask questions and maybe help them in deciding to take a career in policing as well.” Slate Falls’ Lenny Tyler Loon said the Auxiliary Constable program was “a blast.” “We undertook firearms training, which was awesome,” Loon said. “Just having the NAPS ERT (Emergency Response Team) members training us the entire week was phenomenal. It was really well coordinated and just an awesome experience in every way.” Loon is looking forward to serving his own community. “I’ll be assisting with maintaining the peace and ensuring the law is upheld along with regular constables,” Loon said. “The community will benefit by having one of its own band members out visibly assisting the regular NAPS officers. Hopefully, it will make the community more friendly towards the police service.” NAPS chief of police Claude Chum said the Auxiliary Constable program is part of his

photo by Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

Nishnawbe-Aski Police Services graduated 18 auxiliary constables on May 4 at the NAPS headquarters in Thunder Bay. NAPS chief of police Claude Chum said the 18 graduates are “history in the making,” noting the Auxiliary Constable program is part of his vision to get more community members involved in policing. vision to get more community members involved in policing, noting that 18 auxiliary constables graduated this year and eight last year. The program has been operating since 2004. “This is history in the making,” Chum said, explaining the increase in auxiliary constable

SIOUX LOOKOUT FIRST NATIONS HEALTH AUTHORITY RESIDENTIAL COUNSELLOR Internal/External Posting Casual/Part Time Location: Sioux Lookout, ON

Residential Counsellors are required for casual and part time positions. Team members will be responsible for carrying out daily programming, facilitating groups, case conferencing and supervision of clients. QUALIFICATIONS • Child and Youth Worker diploma and/or related discipline; • Experience working with youth in a residential treatment setting; • Must have experience and understanding of Native culture, and of the geographic realities and social conditions within remote First Nation Communities; • Work experience in Residential Services with children, adolescents, and families. KNOWLEDGE & ABILITY • A thorough understanding of the Child & Family Services Act and Mental Health Act a definite asset; • Ability to communicate in one or more of the First Nations dialects of the Sioux Lookout District will be an asset; • Ability to take direction and facilitate individualized treatment plans; • Must be willing to relocate if applicable. Please send cover letter, resume, three most recent employment references and an up-to-date Criminal Reference Check with a Search of the Pardoned Sexual Offender Registry to: Human Resources Department Sioux Lookout First Nations Health Authority 61 Queen Street, P.O. Box 1300 Sioux Lookout, ON P8T 1B8 Phone: (807) 737-1802 Fax: (807) 737-2969 Email: Human.Resources@slfnha.com Closing Date: OPEN The Health Authority wishes to thank all applicants in advance. However, only those granted an interview will be contacted. For additional information regarding the Health Authority, please visit our Web-site at www.slfnha.com

graduates is part of his goal to improve policing in the communities. “I’ve been telling the chiefs of our communities that is what my goal is, my vision. We have to start recruiting our own people.” Chum said the auxiliary constables are provided with the

same training as the regular constables. “They learn how to use batons, pepper spray, hand cuffs, hand-to-hand combat tactics, communications, how to arrest somebody or what the arrest procedures are,” Chum said. “This is the same kind of

training our police officers go through, but it’s the fast version. They are not going to be carrying a firearm, they are not going to be carrying any weapons.” The auxiliary constables were also trained in First Nation awareness, policy and proce-

WAWATAY NEWS Date Completed:

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NORTHERN NISHNAWBE EDUCATION COUNCIL

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Secondary Teachers

Matthew Bradley 20120510 OPPPelican New Saugeen Falls Cst Job AdFirst Nations High School ID: Wahsa Distance Education Centre May 4, 2012 9:31 AM

To: ________________________

To: ________________________

________________________

________________________

From: _____________________

FIRST NATION POLICE CONSTABLE

@ Wawatay News

Please proof your ad and return it today by fax, otherwise your ad The community New Saugeen will run as it is on this fax.

First Nation is currently accepting applications from mature, motivated, community-oriented people to Choose 1 of the following: fill an opening with the Ojibway Nation of Saugeen Police Service. Run as is This permanent constable position works for New Saugeen First Run ad with changes Nation and is administered by the Ontario Provincial Police. (no additional proof required) The community 140 km north of Ignace, ON. Require new is proof DO NOT RUN AD

(in for quote only) ESSENTIAL QUALIFICATIONS: Ad •cost: ______________________ Currently active as a sworn police officer • Grade 12 with Ontario Secondary School Graduation Diploma To run: _______________________ • Valid Ontario Drivers License in good standing • 19 years of age or older ______________________________ Signature of Client’s Approval • No criminal record for which a pardon has not been granted • Be of good moral character and habits Note: Ad proofs may not print out the • Must submit a current medical certificate and be in good health, same size as they will appear in the newspaper. mentally and physically suitable for active full time duty • Excellent communication skills, both oral and written

DESIRABLE QUALIFICATIONS: • Diploma graduate of an Ontario credited Law and Security Program • Other post secondary studies in law and justice or native studies • Preference will be given to a sworn police officer. • Further information can be obtained by contacting Sgt. Marty Singleton (OPP Aboriginal Police Bureau) at (807) 938-8425 DEADLINE: Friday, May 31st 2012 at 4:00pm. Late applications will not be accepted. Only those candidates selected for an interview will be contacted. Submit applications to: Ontario Provincial Police, Attn: Sgt. Marty Singleton 389 Govt. Rd., Dryden, Ontario P8N 2P4 By email to: marty.singleton@ontario.ca By fax to: (807) 223-4002

dures, physical fitness, firearms, Criminal Code law, notebook entries, use of force and defensive tactics. Attawapiskat’s Martha K. Kataquapit said the Auxiliary Constable program means the future to her and her community. “It means my future, it means my people, it means my land, it means a lot to me,” Kataquapit said. “I just hope I can be an example for the youth and other people can encourage them to try something that they never had tried.” Kataquapit said the training was exciting, challenging and rewarding. “I met wonderful people,” Kataquapit said. “I loved it; I hope I can do more in the future.” The auxiliary constables’ role is to assist NAPS police officers by performing 20 hours of volunteer service per month in their communities: Moose Factory, Aroland, Mattagami, Attawapiskat, Constance Lake, Kasabonika, Eabametoong, Slate Falls, Sandy Lake, Neskantaga, Mishkeegogamang, Webequie and Cat Lake. Moose Factory’s Chris Alisappi said the Auxiliary Constable program is a steppingstone for him to gain experience working with NAPS for a potential career in policing. “I’m from the community and I know the social issues that are there right now and it will feel pretty great to be involved and to help assist in these issues and even help control it,” Alisappi said.

Full Time Positions

full time teaching positions for the 2012-2013 year at Pelican Falls First Nations High School and @ Wawatay News Wahsa Distance Education Centre..

W

Date C

May 2 Size:

2 CO

Compl

Matth ID:

201205 May 8,

To: ___

___

NNEC invites applications for From: _____________________

From:

Please proof your ad and return it today by fax, otherwise your ad Falls Firstfax.Nations High will Pelican run as it is on this

Please p it today will run

School and Wahsa Distance Education Centre is operated by the Northern Nishnawbe Choose 1 of the following: Education Council under the direction of District Chiefs and First Nation Pelican Falls First Nations High School is Run communities. as is a unique that is located on Pelican Lake in the traditional Run adfacility with changes territory of Lac Seul First Nation and within the Municipality of Sioux (no additional proof required) Lookout, Wahsa Distance Education Centre provides RequireOntario. new proof secondary education services to northern communities across the DO NOT RUN AD Sioux Lookout (in for quote only)district by radio and Independent Learning courses. Wahsa develops, delivers, and co-ordinates courses, training, and Ad cost: ______________________ support services in consultation with participating First Nations..

Choose

Ad cost

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Teaching positions are full time with additional teaching assignments.

NNEC provides: Note:• Competitive salary Ad proofs may not vacation print out the • Extended periods same size as they will appear in • Established student support staff and counselling network the newspaper. MINIMUM QUALIFICATIONS • Certificate of Qualifications and Intermediate/Senior qualifications in required subject area(s); • Member of Ontario College of Teachers • Experience teaching First Nation students an asset • Special Education background an asset • Computer literacy • Ability to speak a District First Nations language an asset Applications must be received by 4:00 p.m. Friday, May18, 2012. Fax, email or mail your resume complete with statement of personal philosophy of education, copy of Ontario Certificate of Qualification and written permission for NNEC to contact three employment references and a brief cover letter to Human Resources at NNEC Head Office in Frenchman’s Head (807)582-3865 fax, email humanresources@nnec.on.ca or mail to Box 1419, Sioux Lookout, Ontario P8T 1B9. Only those selected for an interview will be contacted. NNEC requires Criminal Background Checks from those offered positions. www.nnec.on.ca

Note: Ad proo same si the new


Wawatay News MAY 10, 2012

13

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Dilico launches Aim High campaign for youth education Program aims to provide post-secondary funding for students in child welfare system

Lenny Carpenter Wawatay News

Crystal Davey spent much of her early childhood moving from home to home and school to school. The Rocky Bay First Nation member grew up as a Crown ward and attended over 40 schools by the time she was 10 years old. Then she came under the care of Dilico Anishinabek Family Care and her life improved from there. Now the 28-year-old is a spokesperson for the Dilico Children’s Foundation’s Aim High campaign, which is aimed at raising awareness and funds for its various educational programs for children in care. The campaign was launched in response to the growing demand for financial assistance felt by youth pursuing higher education and career opportunities. Among the programs is the Rising Eagle Bursary Fund, which is an option for the 6,000-plus children and youth who access the child welfare and mental health services offered by Dilico Anishinabek Family Care each year. The program provides education incentives, cultural opportunities, scholarships and bursaries to youth who demonstrate merit and financial need. As a child who grew up in care, Davey understands firsthand the impact and incentive receiving financial assistance can have on a child.

Submitted photo.

Dilico Children’s Foundation board member Celina Reitberger pictured with Aim High campaign spokeswoman Crystal Davey after accepting a $5, 000 Soar to Success award from TD Bank’s north western Ontario commercial banking group. “I received an award when I was in high school and I can see that the kids thought that was pretty amazing and I could see that kids are really excited to be appreciated and recognized for positive things rather than the negative stuff,” she said. Davey grew into a role model for the other children and was the first person under Dilico’s care to attend post-secondary school. She entered into a three-year compressed Bach-

elor of Science in nursing program where she achieved first class standing. Then she began work as a full-time pediatric registered nurse and went on to complete a master’s degree in public health nursing, where she also earned a nurse practitioner certificate. Davey is now nurse practitioner with Dilico’s Family Health Team. “With Dilico’s help and my foster parents, they encour-

aged me to stay in school and continue on and be whoever I wanted to be,” Davey said. Over half of Canada’s Aboriginal population is expected to be 25 years of age or younger by 2020. Davey said the need to support and promote education and training among this group is important, which is why she agreed to be the campaign spokesperson. “I want to continue to be a positive role model for Aboriginal kids and foster kids and continue on to follow their dreams,” she said. Davey plans on continuing her education by going to medical school. The Aim High campaign launch was marked with a $5,000 donation made by TD Bank to be awarded to a deserving student pursuing post-secondary education this fall. “We are absolutely thrilled to provide this award to a deserving student and we are very excited about the opportunity to offer a mentorship component as well,” said Rich Coulterman, district vice-president of TD’s northwestern Ontario commercial banking group in a press release. “Aboriginal youth are key to the success of our community and being here today to encourage them to aim high in their achievements is an amazing thing.” For more information about the Aim High campaign or to donate to the Rising Eagle Bursary Fund, interested parties can visit www.dilicochildrensfoundation.com.

Photos by Chris Kornacki

Raven Spade (left) with her new born son DeAndre Spade-Twance and Chelsea Dault with her one-year-old daughter Angela Achneepineskun at the annual Tiny Tots Powwow held April 30 at the Boys and Girls Club of Thunder Bay.

Powwow honours children on Earth Day

Chelsea Dault walks around the powwow circle with her threeyear-old son Jacob Achneepineskun. Jeff Neekar lead the drum. The various Native Organizations helping with the event were the Metis Nation of Ontario, Thunder Bay Indian Friendship Centre, Ontario Native Women’s Association, Anishaawbe Mushkiki and others. The event has been held on Earth Day for the past five years to honour children aged 0-6 years of age.

INSPECTION Approved 2012–2013 Annual Work Schedule Ogoki Forest The Nipigon District of the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) has reviewed and approved the Long Lake Forest Products Inc. April 1, 2012–March 31, 2013 Annual Work Schedule (AWS) for the Ogoki Forest. Availability

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Cosco Technology Call Garett Cosco for all your tech needs including computer repair and satellite installation. 807-738-TECH  (8324) www.coscotech.ca

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The AWS will be available for public inspection at the GreenForest Management Inc. office in Thunder Bay and the MNR public website at ontario.ca/forestplans beginning Wednesday, May 9, 2012 and throughout the one-year duration. Ontario Government Information Centres at 5 Wadsworth Drive in Nipigon and 208 Beamish Avenue West in Geraldton provide access to the Internet. Scheduled Forest Management Operations The AWS describes forest management activities such as road construction, maintenance and decommissioning, forestry aggregate pits, harvest, site preparation, tree planting and tending that are scheduled to occur during the year. Tree Planting and Fuelwood Long Lake Forest Products Inc. is responsible for tree planting on the Ogoki Forest. For information regarding tree planting job opportunities, please contact Ryan Murphy at 807-343-6471. For information on the locations and licence requirements for obtaining fuelwood for personal or commercial use, please contact Ben Bartlett at the Nipigon District MNR Office. More Information For more information on the AWS or to arrange an appointment with MNR staff to discuss the AWS or to request an AWS operations summary map, please contact: Ben Bartlett, RPF Management Forester Ministry of Natural Resources Nipigon District Office 5 Wadsworth Drive, Nipigon, ON P0T 2J0 tel: 807-887-5024 fax: 807-887-2993 office hours: 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Tracey Bradley, RPF GreenForest Management Inc. P.O. Box 22004 470 Hodder Avenue Thunder Bay, ON P7A 8A8 tel: 807-343-6459 fax: 807-343-6424 office hours: 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

BLEED


14

Wawatay News MAY 10, 2012

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Photos by Tabatha Jourdain/Wawatay News

Ontario’s male team at this year’s National Aboriginal Hockey Championship has an Eagle’s flair - with five players from Lac Seul making the squad. The team won a bronze medal at last year’s championships, and looking to up that this year.

Roberta Mamakwa of Kingfisher Lake will be called on to be a leader, as she played on the silver-medal winning Ontario team in 2010.

Team Ontario looks north for skills, leadership Shawn Bell

Wawatay News

Shaniah Linklater sees hockey in her future. The 16-year-old from Moose Factory watched the 2010 women’s Olympics hockey tournament with stars in her eyes. When it was all over, Linklater knew that was where she wanted to be. “Watching the girls win the gold at the Olympics, I want that experience,” Linklater says. “It made me want to keep going with hockey.” Linklater will take a big step towards her goal when she laces up the skates for Team Ontario at the National Aboriginal Hockey Championships in Saskatoon, Sask. from May 6-12. Linklater is the first girl from Moose Factory to ever make the team, and at only 16, one of the youngest. Both the girls and the boys

team met for the first time in Toronto on May 5, before flying to Saskatoon that day and starting practices as a team. The teams were assembled through a series of tryouts held across Ontario. Most of the players are new to the squads, having never played together before, so one of the first challenges was to bond quickly before games start on May 7. Linklater comes from the most northernly community, but she is certainly not the only girl from northern Ontario. Team Ontario features five players from northern Ontario, and another five from the North Bay and Sudbury region. Bailey Meawasige is another newcomer to the team. Meawasige, of Fort William First Nation, was one of only three players from northwestern Ontario to make the team out of the tryout in Thunder Bay. But while Meawasige is technically

a rookie at the tournament, at 20 she is one of the oldest players on the team and she knows

“I look forward to doing anything I can to help out, to be a leader as one of the older players.”

-Fort William First Nation’s Bailey Meawasige

the coaches are going to look to her for veteran leadership. “I look forward to doing anything I can to help out, to be a leader as one of the older players,” Meawasige said. Meawasige also has an advantage from playing her minor hockey in the Thunder Bay hockey system, against stiff competition. As a young girl she played boys hockey, only switching to girls hockey at the age of 13. And she said her younger brother also pushed

her, as they played together year after year with a lot of sibling rivalry. “Playing boys hockey showed me how to be aggressive, and play with a little more contact,” she said with a laugh. Another veteran on the girls team is Roberta Mamakwa of Sioux Lookout, a Kingfisher Lake band member. Mamakwa was on the silver-medalist Team Ontario in 2010, the last time Ontario put a girls team in the tournament. Mamakwa said she knows how tough it was not only to adapt to a higher level of hockey than what most of the girls were used to, but also to adapt so quickly and do so with a new group of players who have only a day of practice together before the tournament begins. But she said her experience in 2010 has increased her confidence as a player, and she knows she will be called on to

use those experiences in a leadership role this time around. “I learned a lot from the older girls (in 2010) about how to lead the team, how to be prepared to play every day and how to motivate the younger players to play hard,” Mamakwa said. “I’m pretty confident to go play over there.” Meanwhile on the boys side, Lac Seul is sending a host of players to the team. Five boys from the community have made the team, an unprecedented number of players from the same community. Johnathan Carpenter returns to the team, one year more experienced than he was when he played as a 15-year-old on the 2011 bronze medal-winning Team Ontario. Carpenter said he expects to do even better than last year, now that he has another year of experience under his belt. He said the fact that so many

players are coming from Lac Seul will make it easier for the team to bond in a tournament where they have never played together before. “It’s pretty good to represent our reserve this way,” Carpenter said. “Most of us have been playing together since we were younger.” Carpenter also knows first hand how good it is for the younger children on the reserve to see guys his age succeeding in hockey. He said he regularly has little kids asking him where he’s playing and how his hockey career is coming along. “I guess we’re kind of role models in our community,” he said. The round robin part of the tournament finishes on May 8, after each team has played three games. From there the teams will be divided into seeds for the knockout round from May 9-12.

WAWATAY NEWS Date Completed:

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Dr. David R. Cranton Optometrist (807) 345-3455

167 Bentwood Dr Thunder Bay ON P7A 7A7

1-800-560-8752 (Cell) 627-4635 dcranton@shaw.ca

Eye Exams and Glasses. By Appointment only: Days, Evenings and Weekends Available.

February 8, 2012 Size:

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24 hr Toll Free: 1.800.463.5303

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HWY #516 SIOUX LOOKOUT, ON BOX 1266 P8T 1B8

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45A King Street Sioux Lookout, ON Box 349 P8T 1A5

Matthew Bradley

20120216 Border Travel Business Directory ID: February 13, 2012 3:52 PM

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737- 0007

PRECISION AUTO BODY

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For Sale

@ Wawatay News 2005 Chev. Venture MiniVan – $7,495 includes safety Fordreturn F-150 Supercab – $15,495 includes safety Please proof your 2005 ad and 2005 Chev. Malibu it today by fax, otherwise your ad 4 cyl, Auto – $7,995 Low Mileage will asmitsis D one lthis C a run l l To i v efax. r y i n D r y d e n : ( 8 0 7 ) 2 2 3 - 6 11 2 Choose 1 of the following:

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Wawatay News MAY 10, 2012

15

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Special to Wawatay News

The pain of loss is heartfelt for youth who must manage it with limited resources. Loss through a parent’s extramarital affair, a friend’s or brother’s suicide, Alzheimer’s taking a well-loved grandparent to an unknown place you can’t reach, moving to a place where you are an outsider, parents’ drinking and leaving children alone, fetal alcohol affecting a sibling, or car accidents can lead to despair when you have no one to share with or who thinks as you do. This easy to read book compiled by Ann Walsh with chapters written by 13 authors brings reality home with its depth and breadth of experiences. How do you handle taking a grandmother to an

Januar Size:

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Lost in despair Joyce Atcheson

Date Com

Complet

Matthe ID:

20120202 January 3

To: _____

appointment when she starts to sing at the top of her lungs on the bus? What do your friends who are on the same bus think? How do you tell your dad that his new lady friend and bed mate is not the woman you want in your life? How do you balance talking with mom and dad when this happens? Why did she die? What made her go out late at night and not come home until she was so drunk that she died of alcohol poisoning? Why do parents care so little about themselves that they drink all the time? Why don’t they care about us? What is wrong with us that they need to drink to push us away? Out of the pits of despair these writers emerge with stories of how they came to write to handle their own dark times. One wrote her first story under the dining room table. Another

_____

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Dark Times -- Ann Walsh, editor (Ronsdale Press, Vancouver, BC; 2005; ISBN 1-55380-028-1; 183 pages; $9.95)

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WEQUEDONG LODGE OF THUNDER BAY Incorporated January 1984

wrote a story and went doorto-door to sell it for money they needed. The dark times bring forth warriors and survivors and that’s a strong message from this enlightening book.

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24th ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING Saturday, June 23, 2012 9:30 a.m.

Nurse get muddied

Wequedong Lodge – Board Room #136 435 Balmoral Street Thunder Bay, Ontario

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Accepting nominations for Board Positions Applications for membership are available at: Administration Office 656 City Road Thunder Bay, Ontario or Call (807) 622-2977

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Comp 012 cess 1977-2 gth, Suc en y, Str ation N 3 5 Years of Unit i sk

eA Nishnawb

2012 Keewaywin Awards

photo by James Benson/Special to Wawatay News

A North Caribou Nurse takes part in a challenge in a mud pie throwing contest while Health Director Tina Quequish and six-year-old Timmy Chikane throw the bowl of mud over the nurse’s head. This was part of a fundraiser to bring in the SuboxoneTreatment Program into the community.

Aboriginal Resources for NAN Schools, Libraries, Communities and the General Public.

In recognition of outstanding achievements and dedication to the people of WAWATAY NEWS Nishnawbe Aski Nation

Books Videos/DVD’s Rare books Educational resources

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Awards to be presented at XXXI Keewaywin Conference Kashechewan First Nation August 2012 Run ad with changes Run as is

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Nomination forms are available at nan.on.ca Or by calling 1-800-465-9952

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For more information, please contact: The Ojibway and Cree Cultural Centre 273 Third Avenue, Suite 204 Timmins, ON P4N 1E2 705-267-7911 fax. 705-267-4988 www.occc.ca

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16

Wawatay News MAY 10, 2012

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

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Date C

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sgdn Why is the NWMO pursuing a Deep Geological Repository?

Pourquoi la SGDN planifie-t-elle la construction d’un dépôt géologique en profondeur?

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The Deep Geological Repository is the preferred choice of Canadians

Le dépôt géologique en profondeur est l’approche privilégiée par les Canadiens

The Government of Canada asked the NWMO to conduct a study of possible approaches for the long-term management of used nuclear fuel in Canada. The study focused on three approaches identified by the Government of Canada: deep geological disposal; storage at nuclear reactor sites; and centralized storage. The study also examined 11 other approaches that have been discussed internationally.

Le gouvernement du Canada a demandé à la SGDN de réaliser une étude des approches possibles de gestion à long terme du combustible nucléaire irradié au Canada. L’étude prenait en considération trois approches envisagées par le gouvernement du Canada : le stockage en couche géologique profonde; l’entreposage sur les sites des réacteurs; et l’entreposage centralisé. La SGDN a également examiné 11 autres approches qui avaient été envisagées de par le monde.

The NWMO involved a broad cross-section of Canadians in discussions about these approaches. The approach that was identified by Canadians as the one that best meets their values and objectives was an approach which draws elements from several approaches. This approach was named Adaptive Phased Management. It was adopted as Canada’s plan for the long-term management of used nuclear fuel by the Government of Canada in June 2007. The ultimate goal of Adaptive Phased Management is the centralized containment and isolation of the used fuel in a deep geological repository. Canadians also identified other necessary components that are included in the plan: flexibility in the pace and manner of implementation; ongoing robust research program; potential for retrievability of the used fuel for an extended period; continuous monitoring of the used fuel; ongoing public involvement; and the need to seek an informed and willing community to host the deep geological repository. The Deep Geological Repository best addresses our responsibility to future generations Canadians involved in the study told the NWMO that we should not rely on the existence of strong institutions, long-term funding and active management capacity over many, many thousands of years into the future in order to manage the waste we have created today. A deep geological repository uses a combination of engineered and natural barriers to contain and isolate the used fuel from people and the environment over the very long term. A deep geological repository can be actively managed and monitored for as long as society wishes to do so. A deep geological repository can also be sealed at a future date, when the community, the NWMO and regulators agree that it is appropriate to do so. A deep geological repository would be passively safe and would not rely upon human institutions and active management in order to contain and isolate used fuel from people and the environment over the long term. The Deep Geological Repository is a high-technology facility A deep geological repository for used nuclear fuel is a high-technology national infrastructure project. It involves the development of a multiplebarrier system designed to safely contain and isolate used nuclear fuel over the long term. It will be constructed at a depth of approximately 500 metres, depending upon the geology of the site, and will consist of a network of placement rooms for the used fuel. Used fuel will be loaded into specially designed and certified containers at the reactor sites and transported to the repository site where it will be repackaged in long-lived, corrosion-resistant containers for placement in the repository. The containers will be lowered through a shaft and transported underground to one of many placement rooms. The containers will be placed in vertical or horizontal boreholes drilled into the rock. They will then be sealed using bentonite clay, a natural, proven-effective sealing material.

La SGDN a engagé un large éventail de Canadiens à discuter de ces approches. Celle qui a été privilégiée par les Canadiens a été choisie parce qu’elle correspondait le mieux à leurs valeurs et à leurs objectifs. Elle est constituée d’éléments de plusieurs des approches étudiées. Elle a été appelée la Gestion adaptative progressive. En juin 2007, le gouvernement du Canada l’a adoptée comme plan de gestion à long terme du combustible nucléaire irradié. Le but ultime de la Gestion adaptative progressive est le confinement et l’isolement centralisés du combustible irradié dans un dépôt géologique en profondeur. Les Canadiens ont aussi identifié d’autres éléments essentiels qui sont inclus dans le plan : une flexibilité dans l’échéancier et la méthode de mise en œuvre; un solide programme continu de recherche; la possibilité de récupérer le combustible irradié pendant une période prolongée; la surveillance continue du combustible irradié; la participation continue du public; et l’exigence de trouver une collectivité informée qui consentira à accueillir le dépôt géologique en profondeur. Le dépôt géologique en profondeur est l’approche qui permet le mieux de nous acquitter de notre responsabilité envers les générations futures Les Canadiens qui ont participé à l’étude ont dit à la SGDN que nous ne devrions pas compter sur l’hypothèse que des institutions fortes, un financement à long terme et une capacité active de gestion seront disponibles pendant plusieurs milliers d’années pour gérer les déchets que nous avons créés. Un dépôt géologique en profondeur mise sur une combinaison de barrières ouvragées et naturelles pour confiner et isoler à très long terme le combustible irradié de la population et de l’environnement. Il peut être activement géré et surveillé pour aussi longtemps qu’une société le souhaite. Il pourra également être scellé le jour où la collectivité, la SGDN et les autorités réglementaires conviendront que le temps est venu de le faire. Un dépôt géologique en profondeur serait passivement sûr et ne dépendrait pas d’institutions humaines et d’une gestion active pour confiner et isoler à long terme le combustible irradié de la population et de l’environnement. Le dépôt géologique en profondeur est une installation de haute technologie Le dépôt géologique en profondeur de combustible nucléaire irradié se veut un projet d’infrastructure national de haute technologie. Il comprend le développement d’un système à barrières multiples destiné à confiner et à isoler à long terme et de manière sûre le combustible nucléaire irradié. Le dépôt sera construit à une profondeur d’approximativement 500 mètres, selon la géologie du site choisi, et consistera en un réseau de salles de mise en place de combustible irradié. Le combustible irradié sera chargé dans des conteneurs spécialement conçus et homologués à cet effet sur les sites des réacteurs et acheminé vers le site du dépôt où il sera remballé dans des conteneurs de longue durée résistant à la corrosion avant d’être placé dans le dépôt. Les conteneurs seront descendus à travers un puits et transportés sous terre vers une des nombreuses salles de mise en place. Ils seront logés dans des trous forés verticalement ou horizontalement dans la roche. Les salles seront ensuite scellées à l’aide d’argile de bentonite, un matériau naturel dont les propriétés d’étanchéité ont été démontrées. Le combustible irradié sera surveillé pendant toutes les phases de la mise en œuvre. Il demeurera de plus récupérable en tout temps. Les galeries et puits d’accès ne seront remblayés et scellés que lorsque la collectivité, la SGDN et les autorités réglementaires jugeront que le temps est venu de le faire. La surveillance post-fermeture commencera alors.

The used fuel will be monitored throughout all phases of implementation. It will also be retrievable at all times. The access tunnels and shafts will be backfilled and sealed only when the community, the NWMO and regulators agree that it is appropriate, and postclosure monitoring can then be implemented.

Sean Russell is the Director of Adaptive Phased Management Repository Research and Development at the Nuclear Waste Management Organization. He has worked more than 30 years in Canadian programs for managing used nuclear fuel and low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste. He provided key technical support to the NWMO for the development of conceptual designs and cost estimates for various approaches to the long-term management of nuclear fuel waste, and was one of the principal authors of the NWMO’s 2005 Final Study and recommendations to the Government of Canada, Choosing a Way Forward: the Future Management of Canada’s Used Nuclear Fuel.

“Ask the NWMO” is an advertising feature published regularly in this and other community newspapers to respond to readers’ questions about Canada’s plan for managing used nuclear fuel over the long term and its implementation. The Nuclear Waste Management Organization welcomes your questions. Please forward your questions to askthenwmo@nwmo.ca.

Sean Russell est le directeur de la recherche-développement pour le dépôt de la Gestion adaptative progressive à la Société de gestion des déchets nucléaires. Il a travaillé pendant plus de 30 ans pour des programmes canadiens de gestion du combustible nucléaire irradié et de déchets de faible et moyenne activité. Il a fourni à la SGDN un soutien technique de premier plan pour la mise au point des modèles conceptuels et l’estimation des coûts liés aux diverses approches de gestion à long terme des déchets de combustible nucléaire, et il a collaboré à la rédaction en 2005 de l’Étude finale de la SGDN et aux recommandations formulées au gouvernement du Canada, Choisir une voie pour l’avenir : L’avenir de la gestion du combustible nucléaire irradié au Canada.

« Demandez-le à la SGDN » est un encadré publicitaire qui paraîtra régulièrement dans ce journal et dans d’autres journaux de la collectivité pour répondre aux questions que se posent les lecteurs sur le plan canadien de gestion à long terme du combustible nucléaire irradié et de sa mise en oeuvre. La Société de gestion des déchets nucléaires attend vos questions. Veuillez envoyer vos questions à demandez@nwmo.ca.

www.nwmo.ca

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May 10, 2012