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Treaty discussion examines role of women PAGE 11

Kasabonika still reeling from suicide PAGE 3

Vol. 40 No. 22

NAN creating trades school in Thunder Bay PAGE 9 9,300 copies distributed $1.50

June 6, 2013 Northern Ontario’s First Nation Voice since 1974

www.wawataynews.ca

Recalling the past One of the last people to move out of Quetico Park reflects on childhood in the park

Seventy-seven years ago, Wilda Walmark of Lac La Croix First Nation moved with her family out of Quetico Provincial Park, leaving one of the last inhabited cabins in the park (left). Now, as her son reconnects with Lac La Croix, Walmark reflects on a childhood spent in one of Ontario’s most beautiful parks. Above, Wilda Walmark in a Thunder Bay restaurant (photo by Rick Garrick/Wawatay News). Left, Esther Powell’s log home on Saganagons Lake/ Art Madsen Collection (Photo courtesy of the John B. Ridley Research Library, Quetico Provincial Park.)

ᐊᐧᔕᐦᐅᐠ ᐅᑭᐅᓇᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᒋᑎᐱᓇᒪᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓇᐱ ᑫᐱᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑲᓂᐊᐧᓂᐠ ᐅᑕᑭᒥᐊᐧᐠ ᓫᐁᓂ ᑲᕑᐱᐣᑐᕑ ᐊᐧᐊᐧᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐃᐧᓇᐣ

ᐅᑕᓇᐠ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᑭ ᓯᑲᐧᓂ ᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ, ᐊᐧᔕᐦᐅ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᑭᐅᓇᑕᒪᑫᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᓇᐱ ᑫᐃᔕᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑫᐠ ᐸᐸᑲᐣ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑲᐱᐅᐣᑐᓭᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᐃᐧᑕᔑ ᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐧᔕᐦᐅᐠ ᐊᐱ ᐃᒪ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᑲᐅᒋᑎᐯᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᑭᑎᐸᒋᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᑲ ᑲᐃᔑᓇᐦᐊᐸᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐸᑲᐣ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᑲᐸᐱᔕᓂᐨ ᑐᑲᐣ ᐁᐧᓴ ᐁᒥᔑᓄᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑕᔑᐊᔕᐧᐦᐃᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᐁᑲ ᐁᑭᒋᓀᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐦᑭᓂ ᒥᓇ ᐁᑲ ᐁᑎᐸᐸᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐣ ᑲᐱᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑫᐊᐧᐨ. ᐊᐣᑭᐢ ᒪᔪᐢ, ᐊᐧᔕᐦᐅ ᐅᓇᔓᐁᐧᐃᐧᓂᓂ, ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᒪᒪᐃᐧ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑐᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᐅᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᓄᑯᒥᑫ ᑲᔭᐊᓂᐱᐳᓂᐠ, ᐊᑎᐟ ᐃᒪ ᑲᑭᐱᔕᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑐᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐅᑭᑲᓄᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᐁᑲ ᑲᐃᔑᓇᐦᐁᐣᑕᒥᐦᐃᑯᐊᐧᐨ ᐸᐸᑲᐣ ᑲᐱᐅᐣᑐᓭᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᐱᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᒋᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑕᑭᒥᐊᐧᐠ. “ᐁᐡᑲᑦ ᑭᐱᐃᓯᓭ ᐁᑭᑭᐡᐳᓀᐱᐊᐧᐨ ᑭᐡᐱᐣ ᐁᑲ ᑲᐃᐧᒋᐃᐧᑯᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑭᑭᓄᐦᐃᑫᐣ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐃᓇᒋᒧᓇᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᐁᐅᔕᐦᐃᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᒪ (ᐊᐧᔕᐦᐅᐃᐧᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑕᔑᐊᔕᐦᐃᑫᓂᐨ),” ᒪᔪᐢ ᐃᑭᑐ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐸᑲᐣ ᑲᐱᐅᐣᑐᓭᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑫᐠ

ᐁᑭᐸᐱᐊᐧᐨ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐣ ᐅᑕᔕᐧᐦᐃᑲᓂᐠ. ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᑭᓂᐱ ᑕᒋᐡᑯᑕᑎᓇᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᐯᔓᐨ ᓇᓀᐤ ᐦᐊᐟᓴᐣ ᐯ, ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᐅᑎ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐱ ᐃᒪ ᐊᐧᔕᐦᐅ ᓯᐱᐠ ᑲᐊᓂᐸᑲᐧᐦᐊᐠ ᐅᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑫᐠ ᑲᐊᒋᔑᓄᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᑭᐊᔓᐡᑲᐊᐧᐨ. ᒥᑕᐡ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᑭ ᑭᒋᐊᓂᒧᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᑲᑭᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑐᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᐃᑭᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᑲᐧᒋᐠ ᑲᐱᐅᐣᑐᓭᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᒋᑫᐠ ᐁᐊᐧᓂᐡᑫᐧᐱᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐧᔕᐦᐅᐃᐧ ᐱᑲᐧᑕᑭᓂ. “ᐃᐁᐧᓂ ᐯᔑᐠ ᑫᑯᓂ ᑲᑭ ᑭᒋᐊᓂᒧᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ, ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᐊᐱ ᑫᑲᐟ ᑲᐊᓂᐳᓇᑭᓱᐨ ᒪᑯᐱᓯᑦ (ᐅᑕᓇᐠ ᒥᓄᑲᒥᐠ), ᐃᑭᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᑲᐧᒋᐠ ᑲᑭᐱᐅᐣᑐᓭᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑫᐠ ᐁᑭᐸᐸᐢᑭᓴᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᓂᐦᑲᐣ ᐊᔕ ᑲᑭᐊᓂᐅᐊᐧᐃᐧᓂᐨ,” ᐃᑭᑐ ᒪᔪᐢ. ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᑭᐃᓇᒋᒪᑲᓄᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑭᐱᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᑭᐊᐧᓂᐡᑫᐧᐱᑐᐊᐨ ᓂᐦᑲᐠ ᑲᑭᐃᔑ ᐊᐧᓯᓱᓂᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᐊᐧᐊᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᔑᐊᑌᑭᐣ, ᐊᓇᐃᐧᐣ ᒪᔪᐢ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐁᑲ ᐃᐧᑲ ᐁᑭᐅᐣᒋᐊᐧᐸᒪᐨ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐣ ᐅᐁᐧ ᒋᑐᑕᒥᓂᐨ. ᐊᐧᔕᐦᐅᐠ ᑲᐅᐣᒋᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐊᓇᐊᐧ ᐁᐅᐣᒋ ᐊᔭᐧᑲᒥᓇᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᑲ ᒋᒐᑭᐦᐊᐊᐧᐨ ᓂᐦᑲᐠ ᑫᒋᓇᐨ ᒥᓇᐊᐧ ᒋᐱᑭᐁᐧ ᑕᑕᑯᓭᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᐃᒪ ᒋᐱᑕᔑ ᑭᐁᐧ ᓂᑕᐃᐧᑭᐦᐃᑎᐊᐧᐨ ᑕᓱᔭᑭ. “ᐊᑎᑲ ᐅᒪ ᑲᐱᑕᔐᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇᐊᐧ ᐱᑭᐁᐧᐡᑲᐊᐧᐠ,” ᐃᑭᑐ ᒪᔪᐢ. “ᓄᑯᑦ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᑭᓯᑲᐧᐠ ᐣᑭᓂᓴᐠ ᓂᐦᑲᐠ ᐱᐊᐧᐱᑯᓂ

ᑲᑭᑭᐣᑕᑯᑲᑌᐱᓱᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᒪ ᑌᑎᐸᐦᐃ ᑲᑭᐅᐣᒋᐦᐊᑲᐧ.” ᑭᐅᑲᐧᐱᐦᐃᑎᐊᐧᐠ ᑕᐡ ᐁᑭᐅᓀᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᐣ ᑫᑭᑐᑕᒧᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᒪᐡᑯᐨ ᐁᑲ ᒋᑭᐸᑭᑎᓂᑕᐧᐸᐣ ᒋᐱᔕᐊᐧᐨ ᐸᐸᑲᐣ ᑲᐱᐅᐣᑐᓭᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑫᐠ ᒋᐱᓄᒋ ᓂᐦᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᒪ ᐅᑕᑭᒥᐊᐧᐠ. ᐊᐱ ᑕᐡ ᑲᑭᐃᐡᑲᐧ ᐊᓂᒧᑕᒪᑐᐊᐧᐨ, ᐊᒥ ᑲᑭᐃᔑ ᒪᒪᐃᐧ ᐅᓀᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᐁᑕ ᐸᓂᒪ ᑭᐸᑭᑎᓂᑕᐧ ᐅᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑫᐠ ᒋᐃᔕᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᑯᐱᓯᑦ ᐃᐡᑲᐧ 3 ᐃᓇᑭᓱᓂᐨ. ᒪᔪᐢ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐅᐁᐧᓂ ᑲᑭᐃᓇᒋᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᒪ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᑲᑲᐯᔑᐊᐧᐨ ᐱᓇᒪ ᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᒋᔭᓂ ᓇᓂᓴᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᐱᑕᑕᑯᓭᐊᐧᐨ

ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᐊᐱ ᓂᐦᑭᐱᓯᑦ 20 ᑲᐃᓇᑭᓱᓂᐨ. ᐁᑲᐧ ᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᑭᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᓂᐦᑫᓴᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐁᐧᐦᐁᐧᐠ ᐸᓂᒪ ᑲᐊᓂᐳᓇᑭᓱᓂᐨ ᓂᐦᑭᐱᓯᒧᐣ ᓇᐣᑕ ᑲᔭᓂᐅᐡᑲᑭᓱᓂᐨ ᒪᑯᐱᓯᒧᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᑕᑕᑯᓭᐊᐧᐠ. ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᑕᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᑲᐧᒋᐠ ᑲᐱᐅᐣᑐᓭᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑫᐠ ᒋᐃᐧᒋᐃᐧᑯᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑭᑭᓄᐦᐃᑫᐣ, ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᒪᔪᐢ ᒋᐅᒋ ᑲᓇᐁᐧᐣᒋᑫᐨ ᐁᑲ ᒥᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ ᐅᓄᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᒋᐃᓯᓭᑭᐣ ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐁᑲ ᓇᐣᑕ ᒋᐃᔑᒪᒋᓭᐊᐧᐨ. ᐅᑭᐅᔑᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᑕᐡ ᐅᒪᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᓂᐊᐧ ᐊᓇᐱ ᐃᐁᐧ ᑫᐃᔑᐸᑭᑎᓂᑲᑌᐠ ᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐁᑲᐧ ᐅᑭᐃᔑᓂᔕᐦᐊᓇᐊᐧ

ᐯᔓᐨ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑲᐊᔭᑭᐣ. ᒪᔪᐢ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐅᑯᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᓇᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᒋᑫᐠ ᑲᑭᐱᓂᑕ ᐅᑐᓭᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᐡᑯᓂᑲᓇᐣ ᑲᓴᐸᓇᑲᐠ, ᑭᒋᓇᒣᑯᓯᑊ ᐃᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ, ᐊᐧᐃᐧᔦᑲᒪᐠ, ᐊᒋᑯᓴᑲᐃᑲᓂᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐊᐧᓇᒪᐣᓴᑲᐃᑲᓂᐠ. ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐁᑲ ᒋᐅᒋ ᒥᑯᐡᑲᒋᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᑲᐃᔑᐊᐧᓂᓱᓂᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᐊᐧᐊᐧᐣ, ᒪᔪᐢ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐅᑭᐅᓇᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᑫᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐃᑲᑌᓂᐠ ᐁᑲ ᒋᐸᐸᐢᑭᓴᐧᐊᐧᐠ ᓂᐦᑲᐠ ᑲᓇᓂᔓᓭᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᐅᒋ ᒪᓇᒋᐦᐃᐣᑕᐧ ᒋᐊᓂ ᐊᐧᓯᓱᓂᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᒋᐊᓂᐊᔭᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᓂᐦᑫᓯᒥᐊᐧ. “ᐁᑯᑲᓄᑫᔭᐣ, ᒥᐦᐅᐁᐧ ᓂᐣ ᑲᐱᔑᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑯᔭᐣ ᒋᑐᑕᒪᐣ, ᒥᑕᐡ ᐃᑯ ᐁᓀᐣᑕᒪᐣ ᑫᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᑲᑭᓇ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᐯᔑᑲᐧᐣ ᐁᑐᑕᒧᐊᐧᑫᐧᐣ,” ᐃᑭᑐ ᒪᔪᐢ. ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᑲᐊᓂᓯᑲᐧᓂᐠ ᑲᓄᒋᐦᐊᐊᐧᐨ ᓂᐦᑲᐣ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑭᒋᓀᐣᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᐃᒪ ᐊᐧᔕᐦᐅᐠ ᑲᑲᐯᔑᐊᐧᐨ. ᒥᐦᐃᒪ ᑲᔦ ᐁᐅᐣᒋ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᓱᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐊᐊᐧᐨ ᓂᐦᑲᐣ ᐁᐧᓴ ᑲᐃᐡᐸᑭᐣᑌᐠ ᒥᒋᑦ ᐅᑕᑕᐁᐧᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᐊᐧ. ᒥᐱᑯ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᔭᐡ ᑲᑭᐱ ᐅᐣᒋᐊᓂᑫᑐᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᑭᔭᐱᐨ ᑲᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐊᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᒪᐡᑭᑯᐠ ᑲᑲᐯᔑᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐧᔕᐦᐅᐠ. “ᑲᐱᐅᐱᑭᔭᐣ, ᒥᐁᑕ ᐅᐁᐧ ᐁᑲᓄᑫᔭᐣ ᐁᐃᓇᐣᒋᑫᔭᐣ - ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᑲᑭᐅᐣᑎᓇᒪᐠ ᐱᑲᐧᑕᑲᒥᑲᐠ,” ᐃᑭᑐ ᒪᔪᐢ. “ᒥᐦᐅᐁᐧ ᓂᓇᐃᐧᐟ ᐁᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᓂᐱᒪᑎᓯᐃᐧᓂᓇᐣ ᑲᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐊᒪᐠ.”


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ᑲᓴᐸᓇᑲ ᐅᐱᒥᐊᓂᒥᐦᐃᑯᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᓂᒥᓭᐃᐧᐣ

ᑲᑭᓇᑭᐡᑲᒧᐊᐧᐨ

ᑲᑭᐊᐧᓂᐦᐊᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑐᐡᑲᑎᓯᒥᐊᐧ ᑲᑭᐅᑕᐱᓇᐠ ᐅᐱᒪᑎᓯᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᓴᐸᓇᑲᐠ ᐅᐱᒥ ᐊᓂᒥᐦᐃᑯᓇᐊᐧ. ᐁᑲᐧ ᒥᓇ ᑲᑭ ᒪᒪᒋᐃᐧᓂᑕᐧᐸᐣ ᑲᑭᒧᐡᑭᐱᓂᑭᐸᐣ ᐅᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᔕ ᑭᐱᑭᐁᐧᐃᐧᓇᑲᓄᐊᐧᐠ, ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ ᒋᐊᓂᒧᐡᑭᐦᐊᓂᐠ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᔕᑯᐨ ᑲᑭᐊᐧᓂᐦᐊᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑐᐡᑲᑎᓯᒥᐊᐧ ᒥᑐᓂ ᐅᑕᓂᒣᐣᑕᒥᐦᐃᑯᓇᐊᐧ. ᐅᑭᒪᑲᐣ ᑲᐧᕑᑎᐣ ᐊᐣᑐᕑᓴᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐠ ᑲᓂᑲᓂᑕᒪᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑕᓄᑲᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᐁᐱᒥ ᔕᔑᑭᐡᑲᐊᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑐᐡᑲᑎᓯᒥᐊᐧ ᒋᐊᐧᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᓯᓂᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐅᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑭᒧᐡᑭᐱᓂᐠ ᐁᐃᐧᐅᐣᒋ ᑲᑫᐧᐅᐣᑕᒥᐦᐊᐊᐧᐨ.

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Kasabonika still recovering The loss of a youth due to suicide has Kasabonika still recovering. Residents of the community that were evacuated due to flooding have returned, and the water levels have stabilized, but the youth’s death continues to negatively affect the community. Chief Gordon Anderson and other leaders are encouraging youth to get involved in helping the community recover from flooding as a way to keep them active.

Page 3

ᓂᐃᐧᐣ ᑭᐊᐱᒋᔑᓄᐠ ᑲᑭᐸᐣᑭᓯᐠ ᐱᒥᓭᐃᐧᐣ ᐯᔓᐨ ᒧᐢ ᐸᐠᑐᕑᐃ

ᑲᑭᓂᑲᐧᓇᑯᓭᐠ

ᐊᐧᑌᓂᑲᓇᐣ ᑭᓴᑲᐦᐃᑲᑌᐊᐧᐣ ᐃᒪ ᓇᓀᐤ ᒉᒥᐢ ᐯ ᐁᑭᒪᒥᑲᐃᐧᐣᑕᐃᐧᑕᐧ ᓂᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᑭᐊᐱᒋᔑᓄᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐧᕑᐃᐣᐨ ᐊᑯᓯᐃᐧᐱᒥᓭᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᑭᐸᐣᑭᓯᐠ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ

Camp

Dates

Ages

Cost

Teen Camp

July 4-9

13-16

$90.00

Jr. Camp I

July 11-16

9-12

$90.00

Jr. Camp II

July 18-23

9-12

$90.00

Jr. Camp III

July 25-30

9-12

$90.00

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

WAWATAY NEWS... ᒪᑯᐱᓯᑦ 31 ᑲᐃᓇᑭᓱᐨ. ᓂᔑᐣ ᐅᐱᒥᓭᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᓂᔑᐣ ᐅᒪᐡᑭᑭᐊᐧᓄᑭᐠ ᐃᔕᐊᐧᑯᐸᐣ ᐊᑕᐊᐧᐱᐢᑲᐟ ᐁᓇᓯᑲᐊᐧᑲᓄᐨ ᐅᑕᑯᓯ ᐊᐱᐣ ᑲᑭᓄᑌᐸᐣᑭᔑᓄᐊᐧᐨ ᓇᑫ ᑲᐃᐡᑲᐧ ᒪᒋᑯᒋᓄᐊᐧᐨ. ᐯᔑᐠ ᐅᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᓄᑭ ᐅᐣᒋᑯᐸᐣ ᒧᐢ ᐸᐠᑐᕑᐃ. ᑲᐊᔭᒥᒋᑲᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᐃᒪ ᐊᑕᐊᐧᐱᐢᑲᐟ, ᑭᔐᒋᐊᐧᐣ, ᐱᑕᐯᑯᐠ, ᒧᐢ ᐸᐠᑐᕑᐃ ᒥᓇ ᒧᓱᓂᐠ ᐁᑭᐊᔭᒥᒋᑫᑲᐣᑌᐠ ᑲᑭᐃᔑᐁᐧᐸᐠ.

Page 8

Four die in helicopter crash near Moose Factory Candlelight vigils were held along the James Bay coast to honour four people who died in a Ornge air ambulance crash on May 31. Two pilots and two paramedics were on their way to Attawapiskat to transfer a patient when their helicopter crashed soon after taking off. One of the paramedics was from Moose Factory. Vigils were held in Attawapiskat, Kashechewan, Fort Albany, Moose Factory and Moosonee in memory of the deceased.

Page 8

ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑕᐸᑭᑎᓂᑲᑌ ᑕᐣᑐᕑ ᐯ ᒋᑕᓇᓄᑭᒪᑲᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑲᓂᑲᓂᑕᒪᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᐸᑯᓭᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᒋᐊᓂᒪᒋᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᑲᐡᑭᐦᐅᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᐃᒪ ᑕᐣᑐᕑ ᐯ. ᐃᒪ ᑕᐡ ᐅᐃᐧᐃᔑ ᐊᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᐅᐁᐧᓂ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᓂ ᑌᓇᐢ ᑊᕑᐊᑭᓫᐃᐣ ᑲᕑᐊᒧᕑᑎ ᐦᐊᔾ ᐢᑯᓫ ᒋᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᐃᐧᐣᑕᐧ ᐅᑎᐡᑯᓂᐠ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧ ᑲᐡᑭᐦᐅᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᐁᑲᐧ ᐊᐱᐣ ᒋᐊᓂ ᐊᓂᑫ ᐅᑕᐱᓇᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑯᐃᐧᓇᐣ. ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑭᒋᐅᑭᒪᑲᓀᐢ ᑲᐧᔾᐢ ᑲᑭᑲᒥᐠ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᓇᑕᐁᐧᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᐅᐁᐧᓂ ᑐᑲᐣ ᒋᐃᔑᓇᐦᐃᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᓇᓄᑭᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᐡ ᑕᑲᑫᐧ ᐅᐣᒋᑕᒪᐊᐧᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᐡᑲᑎᓴᐠ ᒋᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᐃᐧᐣᑕᐧ ᒋᐊᓄᒋ ᑌᐱᓇᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᓇᐣ.

Aboriginal trades school coming to Thunder Bay NAN leaders are hoping to establish an Aboriginal trades high school in Thunder Bay. The trades school would be based at Dennis Franklin Cromarty high school and allow students study the skilled trades and move into apprenticeship training. NAN Deputy Grand Chief Goyce Kakegamic said the need for skilled trades people provides a good opportunity for NAN youth to get educated towards good jobs.

Page 9

ᑲᑭ ᑭᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᑭᐃᑭᑐᐊᐧᐠ ᒋᐊᓂ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᐃᒪ ᑭᒋ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᐠ ᓫᐁᐠᐦᐁᐟ ᔪᓂᐳᕑᓯᑎ ᑲᓂᑲᓂᐱᒧᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᑭᑐᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᐃᐧᒋᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᓂᐅᐣᒋᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᐊᓂᐱᒥ ᓇᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᐊᓂ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᑌᑎᐸᐦᐃ ᑭᐁᐧᑎᓄᐠ ᑲᐊᓂ ᑲᑭᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᑲᐅᑕᐱᓇᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᑲᐊᓂᑭᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ. ᐅᒪ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᓂᐦᓯᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑭᑭᔑᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᑲᑭᐱᒥ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᐃᐧᐣᑕᐧ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᒪᑯᐱᓯᑦ 31 ᑲᐃᓇᑭᓱᐨ. ᔕᐣᓇᐣ ᒧᕑᒪᐣ ᐱᐠᒧᐳᕑᐟ ᐁᐅᐣᒋᐨ, ᒉᓯ ᑊᓫᐁᐣ ᐊᒥᒋᐊᐧᓂᐣᐠ ᐁᐅᐣᒋᐨ ᐁᑲᐧ ᒍᐣ ᐃᐢᑫᐧᑲ ᑭᓄᑲᒥᐣᐠ ᐁᐅᐣᒋᐨ ᑲᑭᑭᔑᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ.

Graduates look to teach in communities Lakehead University says it is helping to fufill a growing need for teachers across the north with its Bachelor of Education (Aboriginal) primary-junior program. The program graduated three people in its first graduation class on May 31. Shannon Moorman of Pic Mobert, Jessie Plain of Aamjiwnaang and Joan Esquega of Ginoogaming were the graduates.

Page 16

Site 306 Box 5 RR3 Dryden, ON P8N 3G2 Phone: 807.9376748 * Fax: 807.937.5099 Email: blc@beaverlakecamp.org

Thank You, Airlines! Your fast, courteous delivery of Wawatay News to our northern communities is appreciated.


Wawatay News

JUNE 6, 2013

3

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Kasabonika still recovering from crisis Lenny Carpenter Wawatay News

Although water levels have stabilized and residents who were evacuated have returned to the community, Kasabonika Lake is still trying to recover from the loss of a youth from suicide. Kasabonika Chief Gordon Anderson said the mood in the community is “not too good.” “A lot of people are still affected especially with the suicide that we had,” he said. “There’s still a lot going on with the youth.” As water levels on Kasabonika Lake rose and threatened to flood the community, the First Nation declared a state of emergency on May 23 and evacuated more than 140 residents two days later. Just as the situation began to improve on May 27, the community learned that one of its youth committed suicide that morning.

The evacuees returned to the community on May 29 in time for the funeral service along with family members from Thunder Bay and Sioux Lookout. But even after crisis teams arrived from Kingfisher and Wapekeka, Anderson is concerned about the well-being of the community’s youth. “The youth are in some ways retaliating towards the incident by doing things like drug use and drinking,” he said. “It’s sort of a critical situation where you don’t know what’s going to happen with the youth.” To help keep the youth active, the First Nation has involved some in helping with their anti-f looding efforts, according to Mitchell Diabo, Kasabonika’s project manager. “We sandbagged our causeway and our youth did an excellent job with that operation,” Diabo said in an e-mail. “Now we are building up the

Submitted photo

While water levels (shown here at the height of flooding) have receded, Kasabonika is still reeling from a youth suicide that happened while many of the community members were evacuated. roadway with gravel.” Although the water levels are beginning to recede, the

First Nation is still concerned about the bridge and nearby hydro poles.

Anderson said erosion at the base of the bridge has caused it to slightly tilt, while

some guy-wires on the hydro poles have slackened, which means the pole could fall and drop live wires into the lake. The First Nation contacted the Ministry of Transportion (MTO) and Hydro One to inspect the bridge and hydro poles, respectively. “MTO inspected the bridge and reported no concerns and will continue to monitor,” Diabo said. “Hydro (One) sent in their staff to conduct work for a week and they viewed the poles and reported no concerns but would monitor throughout their week visit.” While Kasabonika continues to mourn the loss of a youth, Diabo applauded the community for managing the crises. “It was an extremely busy and challenging time for Kasabonika and the people did superb as hosts to visitors while themselves grieving and managing crises,” he said.

Aboriginal trades high school coming to Thunder Bay Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Nishnawbe Aski Nation education leaders are looking to establish an Aboriginal trades high school in Thunder Bay. “We want to establish an Aboriginal trades high school here in Thunder Bay at Dennis Franklin Cromarty High School,” said Richard Morris, education advisor with Independent First Nations Alliance, during NAN Education Week. “We’ve partnered with so many people that are willing to support it.” Deputy Grand Chief Goyce Kakegamic agreed that trades apprenticeship training is an important option for NAN youth during a May 29 keynote speech at the NAN Education Awareness Conference. “Our educational program in our territory needs to get into two streams,” Kakegamic said, noting that while many students are going to college and university, others are now considering the skilled trades as a career. “Canada has a shortage of skilled workers — they bring people in from (other countries) and we have a lot of able bodies walking

Goyce Kakegamic around in our territory.” Kakegamic said an apprenticeship training program that is recognized by industry would be “very valuable” for NAN youth. “With all these economic developments and opportunities that are coming in our territory, we need to have a close look at it,” Kakegamic said. “How can we get best use of it for our people. I think training is the best way to go.” Kakegamic wants to see an apprenticeship training program offered to youth during their high school years.

“We talked to the minister of education and the minister of college and university, and they said it is doable to do that,” Kakegamic said. “When they’re finished (high school), they go right into an apprenticeship program.” Kakegamic said a remoteness factor for education funding is needed for NAN territory due to the costs of transporting goods to the communities. “The cost of freight, the cost of travel is enormous,” Kakegamic said. “That translates into the buying power of the dollar, so they need to have a higher rate for the remoteness factor.” Kakegamic is also looking to develop an athletic games event for NAN youth to encourage them to participate in athletic activities and sports. “I can envision in time that we could have NAN Games to get ready for the (North American) Indigenous Games,” Kakegamic said. Morris stressed his opposition to the First Nations Education Act, which the federal government is looking to pass into law by September 2014. “All the chiefs in Ontario

have opposed that legislation,” Morris said. “It’s not that we don’t want legislation, for NAN the alternative is to negotiate that legislation jurisdiction and create our own education laws.” Morris said First Nations people will no longer stand on the sidelines while decisions are made about their lives,

noting former chief Eli Sawanas had originally made that comment. “That has failed under the Indian Act, and to me personally, and I think to a lot of people, this is just another Indian Act with a different name,” Morris said about the First Nations Education Act. “We’ve been told what to do and how

to go about doing it. That’s not what we want.” Kakegamic said education is “the key for our survival.” “In spite of our limited resources, there are many success stories,” Kakegamic said. “Today we have lawyers, we have doctors, professionals in every field and social services.”

WE UNLOCK ‹ FORMER EMPLOYER PENSION PLANS ‹ LOCKED IN RETIREMENT ACCOUNTS

FUNDS WILL BE DEPOSITED DIRECTLY INTO YOUR BANK ACCOUNT *BC Registered funds do not qualify. Not available in Q.C.


4

Wawatay News JUNE 6, 2013

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

From the Wawatay archives 16-5th Avenue North P.O. Box 1180 Sioux Lookout, ON P8T 1B7 Serving the First Nations in Northern Ontario since 1974. Wawatay News is a politically independent weekly newspaper published by Wawatay Native Communications Society.

ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᑲᑭᒪᑕᓄᑲᑌᐠ 1974 ᐁᐅᒋᐊᓄᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᑭᐧᐁᑎᓄᐠ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᑕᐃᑦᔑᑫᐧᐃᓇᐣ. ᑕᓱᓂᔓᐱᒥᑯᓇᑲ ᐅᔑᒋᑲᑌ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐧᐃ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᐧᐃᐣ ᐅᓇᔓᐧᐁᐧᐃ ᑲᓇᐧᐊᐸᒋᑫᐧᐃᓂᐠ ᒋᐃᔑ ᐸᐸᒥᓯᒪᑲᐠ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓂᑫᐧᐃᓇᐣ. INTERM CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER James Brohm

Editorial

Comparison of Omushkegowuk and Eeyou Istchee unfair Lenny Carpenter REPORTER

C

BC recently aired a documentary television story that compared the Crees of northern Ontario to the Crees of northern Quebec. Flooding, sickness and suicide are rampant in Kashechewan, the CBC reporter says, while similar issues reign in Attawapiskat along with its much-publicized housing crisis. Images of dilapidated homes and flooded streets accentuate the words. Meanwhile, the Crees in northern Quebec are “flourishing.” The Eeyou Istchee in Quebec has well-run schools, health services and well-built homes. The reporter asks how the Eeyou Istchee are able to accomplish this. Well, Grand Council of the Crees Grand Chief Matthew Coon Come says, we are open to resource development. This is where the comparison of the two sides of the James Bay coast becomes unfair and missing the proper context. The story proceeds to provide background on the historic James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (JBNQA) signed by the Eeyou Itschee, the province of Quebec, and Canada in 1975. The agreement allowed Quebec to develop a massive hydroelectric project on the traditional territory of the Eeyou Istchee. In exchange, the Eeyou Isctchee received a large financial compensation and the ability to administer its own education, justice system, and social and health services. The Eeyou Istchee initially opposed the project, the reporter notes, but by agreeing to it, it has given them prosperity – unlike Attawapiskat, Kashechewan, or any other First Nation suffering from the socio-economic issues we all know. So if most First Nations agree to allow resource development companies into their territory, they may prosper like the Eeyou Istchee, right? While that seems to be the point of the CBC story, in reality it is not that easy. The Eeyou Istchee had something that most First Nations do not have during their negotiations with Quebec: leverage. In the 1960s, Quebec began developing potential hydroelectric resources in the north without consulting First Nations and Inuit people. When it wanted to develop the James

Bay Hydroelectric Project, an ad hoc group that represented the Eeyou Istchee and Inuit people sued the government. In 1973, it won an injunction in the Quebec Superior Court, successfully blocking hydroelectric development until the province negotiated an agreement with the Aboriginal people of northern Quebec. By that time, the Quebec government had already invested more than $150 million in developing the project, which would represent almost half of Hydro-Québec’s total output and capacity in later years. The government’s other option – developing a nuclear power plant – was met with strong opposition. So with a court decision favouring the Aboriginal people, Quebec and Canada had little choice but to negotiate. The CBC story implies all First Nations open to resource development stand to greatly benefit similarly to the Eeyou Istchee. In 2005, Attawapiskat signed an Impact Benefit Agreement with De Beers, a giant diamond mining company, allowing De Beers to extract precious diamonds from its traditional territory. As the housing crisis and poverty prevalent in the community suggests, the agreement does not greatly benefit the First Nation. In CBC’s 8th Fire series, Chief Theresa Spence lamented that the IBA, negotiated and signed by her predecessors, was a poor deal for the community. But what leverage did Attawapiskat have? Not as much as the Eeeyou Istchee. De Beers is an independent company that mines for profit. It is not a governmental entity that has a desperate need to fulfill towards a population. Theoretically, it can simply take its millions of dollars and thousands of job opportunities and go somewhere else. And De Beers’ diamond mine - expected to last 17 years - is not on the same scale as the James Bay Hydroelectric Project. The hydroelectric dams in Quebec will operate as long as the rivers flow. And the Eeyou Istchee needed to be compensated for the hectacres of traidtional territory it would lose due to flooding as a result of the project. The CBC story failed to highlight this difference. Mushkegowuk Grand Chief Stan Louttit responded to the story by calling the the agreement between Quebec and the Eeyou Istchee a “modern-day treaty.” See UNITY on page 5

Wawatay News archives

Powwow 2004

Mountain morning Richard Wagamese ONE NATIVE LIFE

M

ornings have become a special place to inhabit. It’s not a hard thing to imagine when you know that we make our home in the mountains in a small house overlooking a lake. Waking up to sit in that view is revitalizing every time. I know absolutely now that it’s never the same way twice. There are always degrees and shades of light and the wind does subtle things to change it if you look close enough. At any time of the year it’s a treat and a joy. It really doesn’t really matter what season it is. Every morning in every time of the year has its magic. Sure, sometimes you have to struggle to see it when it’s foggy or rainy or the cold of winter slaps you hard when you step outside. Mountain weather is a temperamental thing. Views you pine for can be occluded. Landscapes you wake seeking to breathe in and inhabit can be invisible. However, each day has things to show and inform you no matter what’s

happening in the atmosphere. It’s always there. You just have to want to see it. For me it’s the sensation of being removed from everything that allows the charm to happen. There’s no morning traffic here except for our neighbours making their way to town to work. But there are only fifty nine houses here so the flow is minimal. There is absolutely no noise and that can be strange at first. I lived in the hurly-burly world of cities most of my life and background noise is something that you learn to ignore. The absence is jarring when you first hear it though. Once your ears adjust to the lack of volume you can really start to hear. In five years I’ve learned that the breeze has different voices. The wind churns treetops so they sound like fans whirring when it’s strong enough. I’ve learned that the approach of rain can sound like applause in the trees and that the water birds actually talk to each other. I’ve heard coyote song, raven croaks and the relentless buzz of insect life that changes with the temperature. You learn how easily we take the ability to hear for granted. You can hear snow fall. That

amazed me when I heard it the first time. You hear creatures move in the bush and you hear your own heartbeat when you close your eyes and breathe. It’s like learning a whole new group of senses, really because morning is a sensual experience out here. You not only wake to it, you come alive in it. Sitting in the absolute stillness of a mountain morning you feel yourself shrug to wakefulness along with the rest of Creation. It’s so still you can feel the boundaries of things shimmer with the effort it takes to hold themselves in. It’s like the whole world is holding a collective breathe, waiting for permission to breathe. It’s a powerful sensation to be a part of. Everywhere around you there is this sense that the world and the universe are entering another day together. Another entry into self-knowledge you make; separately but together. That’s not just an Indian thing – it’s a human one. In that perfect silence where not even a faint breeze strays, the idea of manitous - of spirits - hovered over everything becomes the first wavered light of the sun through the clouds and the storm that gathers to the west announces itself in a

fanfare of silence. You have to really want to experience that to get it. I know. For years I was too damn busy, too engaged, to responsible and too afraid to fall behind and my mornings were largely caffeine, anxiety and expectation. I was rushed in everything. Now, especially that summer has arrived, there’s a deck and a cup of Joe and a landscape that inspires me. I take time to stop thinking. Funny, how the first thing we do when we wake is to think. In the long ago time, my people say, our first inclination was to feel; to feel awake, to feel alive, to feel grateful. Then, once we’d made those conscious contacts, we started to think. I try to remember those words these days. Reflection is a wonderful thing. It brings you back to the full realization of who you are. It’s strong medicine, available to all of us. You just have to want to feel it. Small wonder, you say that there’s no word for “power” in your language, only spirit, only medicine but then there’s no word for “obvious” either. The spirit of a morning becomes coffee, air, the feel of the land around you and the notion that life and Creation always brings you to the places you need to be.

CONTACT US Sioux Lookout Office Hours: 8:30-5:00 CST Phone: ....................737-2951 Toll Free: .....1-800-243-9059 Fax: ...............(807) 737-3224 .............. (807) 737-2263

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EDITOR Shawn Bell shawnb@wawatay.on.ca WRITER/PHOTOGRAPHER Rick Garrick rickg@wawatay.on.ca WRITER/PHOTOGRAPHER Lenny Carpenter lennyc@wawatay.on.ca WRITER/PHOTOGRAPHER Stephanie Wesley stephaniew@wawatay.on.ca

ART DIRECTOR Roxann Shapwaykeesic, RGD roxys@wawatay.on.ca

TRANSLATORS Vicky Angees Thomas Fiddler Charles Brown

GRAPHIC DESIGNER Matthew Bradley matthewb@wawatay.on.ca

CONTRIBUTORS Richard Wagamese

SALES MANAGER James Brohm jamesb@wawatay.on.ca

Guest editorials, columnists and letters to the editor do not necessarily reflect the views of Wawatay News.

CIRCULATION Grant Keesic reception@wawatay.on.ca


Wawatay News

JUNE 6, 2013

5

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

LETTERS Re: Lac Seul opposing Big Falls hydro project Wawatay News, May 30 My family, an uncle and my brother, had a trapline on the Trout River, yet they were never asked about the proposed hydro dam. My father’s parents drowned on the river, near Big Falls and he and his sisters lived by themselves for two winters along that river, yet none of them were consulted or asked about the project by anybody. Typical of developers. Submitted online by George Kenny Teach your children and grandchildren this stance and let their grandchildren to decide when and if there will be a dam on the Trout River. Submitted online I applaud the governing body and citizens of Lac Seul for standing up to government bureaucracy, protection of our historical\traditional lands and waterways should be kept intact for our children and children’s children. Any change in any shape or form would have grave consequences to the waterway that connects people in the area. I myself am part of the Caribou Clan and it was my great great great grandfather who hunted, trapped and fished on this historical and traditional land and waterway. KEEP IT REAL... submitted online Re: House fire in Wunnumin claims three lives Wawatay News, May 16 We should do some-thing about the house fires so no more taking lives and it hurts the most to the loved ones. We can work and plan for the house fire or anything to happen. We will never know the worse thing our way again like those three young lives was taken away so soon and that hurts me a lot. My heart goes to the family who lost those young lives. But in a way they will be safe and watching over you up there and they will know that they will be missed by loves ones. Please teach your kids and grand-kids that lighters and matches are not to be played with and show them the plan if a fire breaks out. Submitted online Re: Saugeen man on hunger strike over FASD Wawatay News, May 30 The facts related in your article re. under-weight (“failure to thrive”) are all correct and in fact are part of the diagnostic process. All infants and children who have been exposed to prenatal alcohol should be assessed for FASD according to our Canadian Guidelines. Research shows that an early diagnosis, with the appropriate environment, is necessary to mitigate the secondary disabilities of FASD- interrupted schooling, trouble with the law, mental health problems etc. It is not quite correct to say that Ontario does not recognize FASD. The Ontario government has acknowledged the diagnosis on occasions, but just ignores it. To remove a child that has been exposed to prenatal alcohol from its parent on the basis of “failure to thrive” indicates a lack of understanding and knowledge of FASD. Yet, for a child with FASD to reach its potential all those involved need to have that understanding and knowledge. Dr. Barry Stanley

Brent Wesley/Special to Wawatay News

Kelly Anderson, a band member of Lac Seul First Nation, raised over $500 by volunteering to shave her head during the 2013 Relay for Life in Sioux Lookout, Ontario on May 31. The event is held annually in Sioux Lookout, and across Canada, to raise money for cancer research. Cherie Coulombe is the hairdresser.

Unity a lesson for NAN communities Cont’d from page 4 “The happiness and prosperity enjoyed by the Eeyou Istchee in northern Quebec is a direct result of a treaty being honoured and implemented,” he wrote. “And this is exactly what we want.” Mushkegowuk, however, does not have the leverage. The tribal council is attempting to gain some leverage by filing a lawsuit calling for natural resource sharing in its territory. The course case is still

in process. Meanwhile, with mining and resource companies exploring the Ring of Fire in northern Ontario, there is opportunity for NAN communities to learn from Attawapiskat and the Eeyou Istchee and reach agreements that offer great benefits to the community. Perhaps one lesson that can be learned from the Eeyou Istchee is unity. After they learned about

Quebec’s plans, the Eeyou Istchee along with Inuit peoples united to sue the government, which led to the injunction. The signing of the JBNQA led to the creation of the Grand Council of the Crees and all revenue provided to the Eeyou Istchee is administered and dispersed by this body of government, as opposed to each individual community. It is a model that appears to be working for them.

Of course, the JBNQA is a unique example because of the scale of the project and the vast area affected. Meanwhile, First Nations in northern Ontario often deal with resource companies individually. But it might be wise for those that have collective interests and traditional territory to work together. That way, some leverage might be gained.

Find in these communities Aroland Atikokan Attawapiskat Balmertown Batchewana Bearskin Lake Beaverhouse Big Grassy Big Island Big Trout Lake Brunswick House Calstock Cat Lake Chapleau Cochrane Collins Couchiching Couchiching Deer Lake Dinorwic Dryden Ear Falls Emo Flying Post Fort Albany Fort Frances Fort Hope Fort Severn Geraldton Ginoogaming Grassy Narrows Gull Bay Hornepayne Hudson Iskatewizaagegan

Kapuskasing Kasabonika Kashechewan Keewaywin Kenora Kingfisher Lake Kocheching Lac La Croix Lac Seul, Kejick Bay Lake Nipigon Lansdowne Long Lake Mattagammi Michipicoten Migisi Sahgaigan Missanabie Mobert Moose Factory Moosonee Muskrat Dam Musselwhite Mine Naicatchewenin Naotikamegwanning Nestor Falls Nicikousemenecaning North Spirit Lake Northwest Angle #33 Northwest Angle #37 Ochiichagwe’Babigo’ Ining Ogoki Pic River Osnaburgh Pawitik Pays Plat Peawanuck

Pickle Lake Pikangikum Poplar Hill Rainy River Red Lake Red Rock Rocky Bay Sachigo Lake Sandy Lake Saugeen Sault Ste. Marie Savant Lake Seine River Shoal Lake Sioux Lookout Sioux Narrows Slate Falls Stanjikoming Stratton Summer Beaver Taykwa Tagamou Timmins Thunder Bay Wabaskang Wabigoon Wahgoshing Wapekeka Washaganish Wauzhusk Onigum Wawakapewin Weagamow Lake Webequie Whitedog Whitesand Wunnimun Lake

The latest edition of Sagatay is out now. Look for it on your next Wasaya flight.

Some of this issue’s features include... Canadian Lakehead Exhibition Band council member addicted to opiate drugs recovers and shares his story Lakehead University’s Reach Up! program Billy Joe Green, Canada's finest aboriginal blues guitarist

Book your ad for the fall issue, set for distribution on September 2

The deadline to book your ad is ion on July 26.

For rates and more info, contact: Tom Scura toms@wawatay.on.ca 1-888-575-2349


6

Wawatay News JUNE 6, 2013

á?§á?Šá?§á?Šá‘Œ á?Šá’‹á’§á?§á?ƒá“‡á?Ł

Fort Severn limits hunting for visitors Lenny Carpenter Wawatay News

During this past spring hunt, Fort Severn First Nation restricted when hunters from other communities could hunt in Fort Severn’s territory after community members brought up issues related to overcrowding and disrespect for the land and other hunters. Angus Miles, a Fort Severn band councilor, said that when the First Nation held a general meeting earlier this year, community members raised various concerns related to hunters coming to hunt in their territory. “At times it can be crowded and when they’re not guided, and there’s allegations of them scaring off

geese where (local community members are) sitting,� Miles said, adding that outside hunters would sometimes sit in other hunters’ blinds. It can also become easily crowded near the Hudson Bay coast, especially during years when ice on the Severn River at break up prevents hunters from crossing. One of the main issues for the community was how the “outside hunters� would disrupt Fort Severn’s conservation efforts. “One of the biggest things they talked about, towards the third week of May (last year), there were outside hunters shooting the Canadian geese that are nesting,� Miles said. There were also allega-

“Fort Severn hunters abide by strict conservation efforts to ensure that the geese continue to breed and return every year.�

Submitted by Angus Miles

A hunter in Fort Severn shoots at snow geese. The community has put restrictions on when visitors can hunt in an effort to limit the impact on the geese nesting grounds that are so crucial to the community’s future generations.

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tions that the hunters would disturb the geeseâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s nests and eggs, though Miles said he has never seen anyone do this. Fort Severn hunters abide by strict conservation efforts to ensure that the geese con-

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tinue to breed and return every year. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The ones that nest here will keep coming back,â&#x20AC;? Miles said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This spring, I killed three banded geese and they were all banded around here.â&#x20AC;? The community held a referendum to decide if they should forbid hunters from other communities from hunting in their territory. After some discussion, the community decided to allow

hunters but only after May 3. Miles said the date allows local hunters to â&#x20AC;&#x153;have the first crackâ&#x20AC;? at the Canada geese that usually begin to arrive around April 20. The Lesser Canada geese and Snow geese usually arrive in late April or early May. The outside hunters must also be accompanied by a local guide, which Miles said prevents further incidents from happening as well as ensuring their safety. A letter stating the date and hunting guidelines was sent to nearby communities. Miles said hunters often come in from Kasabonika, Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug, Round Lake, Sachigo Lake and Wunnimun Lake. Along with not disturbing nests and eggs, Miles said a general rule is to not shoot at geese f lying in pairs so that they may survive to nest and lay eggs. â&#x20AC;&#x153;From as back as I remember, thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s what I was taught and Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m assuming thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s how it was for everybody,â&#x20AC;? Miles said. The spring goose hunt is an important time of year for Fort Severn. The harvest helps to offset the high cost of food in the community. And it is a tradition practiced by the Cree people of Fort Severn. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Growing up, thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s all I remember eating â&#x20AC;&#x201C; stuff we get off the land,â&#x20AC;? Miles said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a lifestyle.â&#x20AC;?

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Wawatay News

JUNE 6, 2013

7

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Remembering the past: Lac La Croix woman recalls being one of last families to leave Quetico Park Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Seventy-seven years ago, Wilda Walmark’s parent packed up their children and became one of the last families to leave their traditional lands in Quetico Provincial Park. Walmark, the daughter of Esther Powell and granddaughter of Mary (Marie) Ottertail from Lac La Croix, still remembers her childhood in the park fondly. “We could swim all the time and we had the lake to skate on in the winter,” Wilda said. “And then one day they were packing up everything. I asked them what they were doing and they said we were packing up, we were going to town.” Wilda said her father had the family “primed up” and ready to move to Port Arthur, now the north side of Thunder Bay, for her to attend St. Joseph’s Indian Residential School in Fort William at age seven. “My dad was a ranger, which was kind of nice because we had everything,” Wilda said, describing her life on the land in Quetico Park. “I didn’t like to go because we did everything. I was seven already, and I could shoot.” Wilda said her mother also didn’t want to leave her home in Quetico Park. “She didn’t like it when we left, but my dad said we had to go to school,” Wilda said. Wilda said there were about four families with “quite a few” children living on the small lake her family lived on in Quetico Park. “We lived mostly scattered around,” Wilda said. “We used to have great fun there. Everybody seemed to get along well up there — if somebody was short of something, somebody would take it from their own bowl, load up and everything would be alright.” Wilda said her mother and grandmother had both grown up in Quetico Park and knew how to make a living from their traditional lands. “My mother was a dead shot,” Wilda said. “She was a swimmer like you wouldn’t believe. She swam out to the island because there was this one animal out there and she wanted it. She didn’t kill it — she kept it alive for a long time until we left.” Wilda’s father worked with the Ontario Department of Lands and Forests until the family left Quetico Park in 1946. Quetico Park was first established as the Quetico Forest Reserve in 1909 and then as Quetico Provincial Park in 1913. Although the Anishinabe had called the area home before contact and a reserve had been established in the park after Treaty #3 was signed in 1873, the original inhabitants of the park were gradually forced out, beginning in 1910 when the provincial government forced Sturgeon Lake Ojibway Reserve 24C band members to break camp on Hunter’s Island, located within the park. The Sturgeon Lake band members eventually settled in other Treaty #3 communities in the area, including Lac La Croix, located on the southwest corner of Quetico Park, and their reserve was declared abandoned by the federal and provincial governments in 1915. The minister of Natural Resources eventually apologized in 1991 in the Ontario legislature for the

Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

Wilda Walmark, left, can still recall her idyllic life on her family’s traditional lands in Quetico Provincial Park. She recently sat down for a breakfast interview with son John Walmark and husband Ian Walmark at a restaurant on Court St. in Thunder Bay.

Historical photos courtesy of the John B. Ridley Research Library, Quetico Provincial Park

Top photo: Wilda Walmark’s mother Esther and sister Tempest pose by a cabin on Saganagons Lake, now in Quetico Provincial Park. Bottom photo: Wilda Walmarks’ grandmother Mary Ottertail (OkquaWi-Ash-Eke) was a good hunter. Both photos from Powell Collection. province’s actions and promised to improve economic and social conditions in Lac La Croix. Wilda’s son John Walmark, a Thunder Bay police constable, said his grandfather had to self-identify as a non-native to obtain work with Lands and Forests back in the 1930s. “Different times,” John said. “He said one time that if he had self-identified himself as Aboriginal, he would have been deemed unreliable and he would never have been able to work. He wrote a letter on his deathbed identifying himself as Ojibwa-Mohawk from the Durham region of southern Ontario.” John said his grandfather felt the livelihood of family members would have been “adversely” affected if he had identified as First Nations. “Which is really sad,” John said. “But it’s good to keep that letter in the future to know that at one time that is the way things were, to make it better.” John returned to Lac La Croix in 2012 after meeting Councillor Kalvin Ottertail, one of his family members still living in the community. “He invited me to come home,” John said. “I wanted to reconnect with the family and I wanted to go out there and learn more about that family.” So he attended Lac La Croix’s annual traditional powwow in late August, the first family member to return to the area since Wilda and her family left in 1946. After setting up his tent along the lakeshore on the powwow campground, John met some of the community Elders, including Clifford Whitefish. “When I said I was the great grandson of Marie Ottertail, he said ‘welcome home,’” John said. “We started talking and someone brought me a family tree (going) right back to seven generations (to) the origin of our side of the family: Blackstone was the woman’s

name and our male ancestor was Johnny Ottertail.” John said the community had no idea what happened to his family after they left Quetico park. “A lot of people couldn’t figure out where the Caribou name connection was and they couldn’t figure out how the Powells were connected to the community,” John said. “By sharing our stories of Saginaw and of the Gunflint trail area of Minnesota, that’s what started filling in the gaps as far as the Caribou family and the Powell family. They weren’t sure if they were visitors or if they were family — now they know for a fact that they were a family.” The next morning John did some early morning ceremonies with the Elders and he was invited to join the Lac La Croix community drum during the powwow. “We received a teaching that the drum is over 150 years old and was originally brought to the community from the Saginaw area by the Ottertail and Powell families.” Wilda attended high school in Port Arthur after finishing residential school and eventually studied nursing in Chicago, where she worked as a nurse for a number of years before returning to Port Arthur. Wilda said her interest in nursing likely came from her parents as her mother was a traditional healer back in Quetico Park and her father had been a medic during the two world wars. “My mother was practically a doctor,” Wilda said. “Dad went to two wars and I was really amazed at how much he could do.” When she moved back to Port Arthur, Wilda continued with her nursing career after doing some of her nursing studies over again. She married Ian Walmark, who she first met in high school, in 1960.

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8

Wawatay News JUNE 6, 2013

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Cause of Ornge helicopter crash unknown James Bay communities hold vigil to honour four dead in crash Lenny Carpenter Wawatay News

Four people died when an Ornge air ambulance helicopter crashed near Moosonee in the early hours of May 31. Two pilots and two paramedics were on board the Sikorsky S76 helicopter that was on its way to Attawapiskat around 12:11 a.m. to transfer a patient when ground control lost contact with the aircraft shortly after it left the Ornge Moosonee base. The Joint Rescue Coordination Centre at CFB Trenton was contacted and at around 6 a.m., a military search and rescue aircraft located the crashed helicopter about a kilometre away from where it took off. There was no patient on board the aircraft at the time. Ornge – which is Ontario’s air ambulance service – has released the names of the deceased pilots and paramedics: Capt. Don Filliter of Skead, Ont.; First Officer Jacques Dupuy, of Otterburn-Park, Que.; Primary Care Flight Paramedic Dustin Dagenais, of Moose Factory; and Primary Care Flight Paramedic Chris Snowball, of Burlington, Ont. Ornge officials are unsure what caused the crash and said they will fully cooperate with investigators, which will be led by the Transportation Safety Board of Canada. At a media conference, an Ornge official said that the pilots were experienced veterans

and they are unsure if weather played a factor, noting it was overcast with good-visibility and light rain. Ornge grounded two other Sikorsky S76 helicopters that were scheduled to fly on the same day in case the crash was due to a “widespread” mechanical failure. Ornge CEO Dr. Andrew McCallum said the aircraft that crashed was manufactured in 1980. “There are approximately 31 such Sikorsky aircraft of this vintage currently flying in Canada,” McCallum said in a statement. “Transport Canada regularly inspects all aircraft to certify that they are safe to fly, including Ornge’s fleet.” On June 1, investigators recovered the helicopter’s voice recorder box and expect it will contain clues as to what caused the crash. The Attawapiskat patient that was to be transferred was flown by fixed-wing aircraft instead. Since 2007, Ornge has had a full complement of staff operating in its Moosonee base, which covers the First Nations of Moose Cree, Fort Albany, Kashechewan, Attawapiskat and Peawanuck. Candle light vigils were held in Moosonee, Moose Factory, Fort Albany, Kashechewan and Attawapiskat in memory of the fallen. Condolences were offered to the families following news of the crash. Moose Cree First Nation said

North West LHIN RLISS du Nord-Ouest The North West Local Health Integration Network (LHIN) is one of 14 LHINs in Ontario created to plan, fund and integrate local health services including hospitals, the Community Care Access Centre (CCAC), long-term care homes, Community Health Centres (CHCs), community support service agencies and mental health and addiction agencies. The North West LHIN is seeking the following individual to join its talented team in Thunder Bay.

Aboriginal Planning & Community Engagement Consultant For this position, you will serve as a resource for planning and community engagement with Aboriginal people in the North West LHIN. You will provide insights and advice into managing community issues and concerns and provide support to other LHIN staff and program areas in identifying and implementing appropriate communication and community engagement methods with Aboriginal people. Additionally, you will provide technical planning expertise in the analysis of data and information that assists in determining the local healthcare system plans and priorities related to the Aboriginal population. In this position, you will conduct Aboriginal community engagement and planning initiatives and make recommendations related to processes, protocols and projects that help to advance the LHIN mandate. As the successful candidate, you have a post-secondary education or training in health administration, health planning, communications, business or public administration or health related field. You must have experience in analysis and planning initiatives as well as community outreach and community engagement with Aboriginal people. Facilitation, interpersonal, communication and relationship management skills are required along with project management skills. A good understanding of the North West Aboriginal population and their health issues and a proven track record in working with Aboriginal groups to achieve successful outcomes are essential. You have an understanding of the Ontario health care system as well as traditional healing and wellness practices. Ojibway, Cree and/or Oji-Cree are an asset. For more information on the North West LHIN and for full details on this position, please visit our website at www.northwestlhin.on.ca. Please e-mail your resume and cover letter to dushan.zuber@lhins.on.ca by June 14, 2013. We thank all applicants for their interest; however, only those candidates selected for an interview will be contacted.

Paul Lantz/Special to Wawatay News

The community of Moosonee joined other communities along the James Bay coast in honouring the crash victims with a candlelight vigil. the community is “profoundly affected” by the crash since one of the paramedics was well known in the community. “We mourn his passing and offer our support and heartfelt condolences to his wife, family and friends,” the First Nation said in a statement. “We also offer our deepest sympathies to those members of our First Nation that are colleagues of the four men that perished in the crash.” Moose Cree said the First Nation admires and appreciates the dedication of those individuals that provide emergency medical care to their community and all people living in the James Bay area. “Their bravery and commitment ensure that the people of Moose Cree First Nation and surrounding communities receive efficient and quality emergency medical care,” it said in the

statement. Mushkegowuk Grand Chief Stan Louttit offered his sympathies on behalf of the Omushkegwuk people. “We are so fortunate to have such dedicated, passionate and caring citizens that put their own lives on the line to help care for our people in the far north,” Louttit said in a release. “This tragedy is felt in each of our homes and we share the loss of these heroes.” Timmins-James Bay MPP Gilles Bisson says he was deeply saddened to hear the news of the deaths of the four air ambulance personnel. “This news has shocked us all,” Bisson said in a media release. “We sometimes take for granted the work these people do each day because they do it so well and effortlessly. We are thinking of their families and

colleagues at this tragic time.” MP Charlie Angus says these are front-line emergency personnel who travel to remote areas on a regular basis. “These four people represent the dedicated crews who put their lives on the line to service the north” Angus said in a release. “They work in isolated areas during not-so-perfect conditions to bring patients to and from health facilities. We will be praying for them and their families.” Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne issued a statement saying she was “devastated” to learn of the deaths. “The pilots and paramedics of Ornge provide lifesaving services in every region of this province, and my thoughts and prayers are with the friends and families of these brave individuals,” she said. “They lost their lives ensur-

ing the people of this province receive the help they need. Their service and sacrifice will be honoured and remembered.” According to its website, Ornge transports about 18,000 patients per year. In addition to Moosonee, Ornge operates four other bases in northern Ontario, including Timmins, Sioux Lookout, Kenora, and Thunder Bay. Ornge is responsible for transport medicine operations including the contracting of flight service providers, medical oversight of all flight paramedics, dispatch and authorizing air and land ambulance transfers between hospitals. As Ontario’s air ambulance, Ornge serves more than 13 million people over a million square kilometres of land and performs more than twice as many air ambulance transfers than any other province.

Weeneebayko appoints new chief of staff Lenny Carpenter Wawatay News

The Weeneebayko Area Health Authority (WAHA)

board of directors announced on June 3 that it has appointed Dr. Gordon Green to serve as the new chief of staff in the James Bay region.

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Raised in southern Ontario, Dr. Green is a graduate of the Queen’s University Medical Program who spent time during his residency at the Moose Factory General Hospital and provided locum services to the region. After 12 years of practicing family medicine in southern Ontario, Dr. Green moved to the U.S. and practiced medicine, and grew into instructional as well as leadership roles in Virginia. “Dr. Green is committed to continuing education and working with health care

teams, and the community to achieve better health outcomes that stem from education and prevention,” WAHA said in a press release. “Dr. Green and his wife, Annette O’Reilly are making Moose Factory their home and look forward to working with the WAHA team and the communities we serve.” WAHA oversees the medical services and facilities in six communities along the James and Hudson Bay coasts, including Moosonee, Moose Factory, Fort Albany, Kashechewan, Attawapiskat and Peawanuck.

On-Call After-Hours Workers Deadline: Open Location: Sioux Lookout


Wawatay News

JUNE 6, 2013

Wisk Air working with Matawa communities on helicopter services Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Three Matawa communities have signed agreements with Wisk Air Helicopters to enable the communities to participate in helicopter services in their traditional territories. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The relationship has been great,â&#x20AC;? said Eabametoong Councillor Charlie Okeese. â&#x20AC;&#x153;It continues to be, to us, more meaningful by showing mutual respect and the level of commitment shown by the actions of Wisk Air and thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s what we see - this is real.â&#x20AC;? Eabametoong, Marten Falls and Webequie signed memorandums of agreement with Wisk Air that provide joint oversight for helicopter services in their traditional territories. The confidential agreements state that Wisk Air will foster engagement, respect and transparency while supplying services to industrial groups working on First Nation land. â&#x20AC;&#x153;These agreements recognize that the rightful stakeholders and landholders, who are clearly the First Nations, are a vital component

to the management and development of all projects in their region,â&#x20AC;? said Mark Wiskemann, president of Wisk Air. Wisk Air has also agreed to provide training opportunities for Aboriginal youth, including sanctioned forest fire training, sanctioned drill training, and helicopter ground training. The skills are transferable provincially and nationally to

other helicopter and mining companies. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We seek to engage and support these First Nations in order to bring prosperity to their communities,â&#x20AC;? Wiskemann said, noting he welcomes other First Nations to come to the table. Wisk Air also has an agreement with the Red Rock band in the Lake Nipigon area and a partnership with a joint-

venture Innu-owned company in Goose Bay, Labrador. Wisk Air has been working in the Ring of Fire since 2007 and has been supplying helicopter services in northwestern Ontario for 32 years. They have been the sole supplier of helicopter services for major mining companies in the region and many junior companies within the Ring of Fire.

Anishnawbe Mushkiki Inc. Employment Opportunities REGISTERED NURSE - Permanent, Full-Time; Anishnawbe Mushkiki Nurse Practitioner Led Clinic Responsible for providing primary care services, emphasizing a wholistic approach to chronic disease management, health promotion, disease prevention, support and treatment in a culturally appropriate manner. As a member of a multi-disciplinary care team, the Registered Nurse will also lead the Diabetes Management Program.

MAINTENANCE SUPERVISOR

REGISTERED DIETICIAN - Temporary (approx. 11 months), Full-Time;

Reporting to the Maintenance Superintendent you will be UHVSRQVLEOHIRUWKHVDIHDQGHIÂżFLHQWFRRUGLQDWLRQVXSHUYLVLRQ of mechanical trade groups engaged in the maintenance of the mill.

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Anishnawbe Mushkiki Nurse Practitioner Led Clinic Responsible for providing nutritional assessments, counseling and education; and for planning and leading culturally sensitive programming in nutrition, diet and food services that emphasize a wholistic approach to health promotion, disease prevention and treatment.

Anishnawbe Mushkiki Thunder Bay Aboriginal Health Access Centre 5HVSRQVLEOHIRUFRQÂżGHQWLDODGPLQLVWUDWLYHVXSSRUWWRWKH Executive Director and management personnel. Anishinawbe Mushkiki Inc. is an equal opportunity and inclusive employer. Detailed job postings are available at www.mushkiki.com/employment. Applicants are invited to submit their covering letter and resume to: HR@anishnawbe-mushkiki.org by June 9, 2013. Anishnawbe Mushkiki Inc. is an Aboriginal community â&#x20AC;&#x201C; led, primary KHDOWKFDUHQRQSURÂżWRUJDQL]DWLRQLQ7KXQGHU%D\WKDWLVUHVSRQVLEOHIRU WKH7KXQGHU%D\$ERULJLQDO+HDOWK$FFHVV&HQWUHDVZHOODVD1XUVH 3UDFWLWLRQHU/HG&OLQLF:HKDYHDXQLRQL]HGZRUNIRUFHDQGRIIHUFRPSHWLWLYH FRPSHQVDWLRQSHQVLRQDQGEHQHÂżWV2XUHPSOR\HHVFROODERUDWHDQGZRUN within a multi-disciplinary health services team to achieve a common goal of improving the quality of health and life of Aboriginal people. /RFDWHGDW5R\VWRQ&RXUWRXU7KXQGHU%D\$ERULJLQDO+HDOWK$FFHVV &HQWUHHPSRZHUV$ERULJLQDOSHRSOHWRDFKLHYHRSWLPDOKHDOWKDQGZHOO EHLQJWKURXJKDZKROLVWLFKHDOWKFDUHDSSURDFK:HRSHUDWHDSULPDU\ care clinic, as well as, offer traditional healing, cultural programs, health promotion programs, community development initiatives, and social support VHUYLFHV6HUYLFHVDUHDYDLODEOHWRDOO$ERULJLQDOSHRSOHLQ7KXQGHU%D\DQG catchment area. /RFDWHGDW6XLWH%16\QGLFDWH$YHQXHRXU1XUVH3UDFWLWLRQHU /HG&OLQLFWKURXJKLWV1XUVH3UDFWLWLRQHUVWDNHVDFROODERUDWLYHSUDFWLFH approach which includes our Registered Nurses, Registered Practical Nurses, collaborating family Physicians, and other health care professionals. 7KHFOLQLFSURYLGHVFRPSUHKHQVLYHDFFHVVLEOHDQGFRRUGLQDWHGIDPLO\ health care services to populations who do not have access to a primary FDUHSURYLGHU:HIRFXVRQFKURQLFGLVHDVHPDQDJHPHQWDQGSUHYHQWLRQ and Aboriginal health; providing the option for patients to access Aboriginal medicine and traditional healing practices. Services are available to all UHVLGHQWVRI7KXQGHU%D\DQGVXUURXQGLQJDUHDZKRPGRQRWKDYHDIDPLO\ physician and are age sixteen and over.

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Health Services

Services

Weeneebayko Area Health Authority Cancer Care Project Wachay, WAHA and the Ontario Breast Screening Program are looking to increase the number of women from Moosonee, Moose Factory, Fort Albany, Attawapiskat, Kashechewan and Peawanuck to get screened for breast cancer. If you are a woman aged 50 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 74 and have never been screened or it has been more than two years since your last one, please see your doctor or nurse to arrange for a mammogram. Please, help us to put the squeeze on breast cancer. For more information, please visit www.weeneebaykohealth.ca and click on the Cancer Care Project page. You can also visit us on Facebook on our Weeneebayko Cancer Project page. Meegwetch

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Health Services Weeneebayko Area Health Authority Cancer Care Project Wachay, WAHA and the Colon Cancer Check program are looking to increase the number of men and women who are being screened for colorectal cancer in Moosonee, Moose Factory, Fort Albany, Attawapiskat, Kashechewan and Peawanuck. If you are aged 50 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 74 and have never been screened or it has been more than two years since your last one, please see your doctor or nurse to get your FOBT kit. All men and women who participate from the communities mentioned will receive a $25 Northern Gift Card (while quantities last) and a chance to win monthly prizes. Check your behind and remind your loved ones to! Sure it takes a little courage to scoop your poop on a stick but cancer is scarier. For more information, please visit www.weeneebaykohealth. ca and click on the Cancer Care Project page. You can also visit us on Facebook on our Weeneebayko Cancer Project page.

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Wawatay News JUNE 6, 2013

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Rangers Move Quickly at OPP Emergency Response Course Captain Robert Munroe Canadian Rangers

OPP Constable Shawn Gibbon, a search and rescue instructor, points out the distinctive red sweatshirt of a Canadian Ranger moving with ease through the bush. Welcome to the OPP Emergency Response Team course. This is an intensive nine week course in which two weeks are dedicated to ground search and rescue. The training is held at Canadian Forces Base Borden which is one hour north of Toronto. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Rangers continue to impress us,â&#x20AC;? said Constable Gibbon. â&#x20AC;&#x153;They are so incredibly

fast in the bush.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;There is a lot to learn,â&#x20AC;? said Master Corporal Roland Shewaybick from Webequie. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The OPP taught us how to locate someone by using map and compass. The hardest part of the course is the cliffs and steep terrain but it still was a lot of fun. The night before, we conducted a search in the pitch dark. I hope I will be able to take back all that I learned on this course to the other Rangers.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Rangers play an important role in the north,â&#x20AC;? said Sergeant Jamie Stirling, the OPPâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s provincial search and rescue coordinator. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This is a great partnership between

the OPP and Rangers. Last year there were seven reported searches involving the Rangers with eight persons being rescued. â&#x20AC;&#x153;It takes the OPP on average seven hours to locate a missing person once we have been initially notified,â&#x20AC;? Stirling added. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Having the Rangers in a community means they can mount a search immediately with our guidance instead of waiting for an OPP team to arrive.â&#x20AC;? Stirling said that the OPP are responsible for an area covering one million square kilometers of land and water. Captain Mark Rittwage, the officer-in-charge of the Ranger

company, said that having a Ranger trained in OPP ground search and rescue is an asset to the communities. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Once a Ranger completes the OPP ground search and rescue course, they become a valuable resource for both their community and local police forces,â&#x20AC;? said Rittwage. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Rangers with this skill set also mitigate risk to both the rescuers and the person needing assistance.â&#x20AC;? There are Canadian Rangers located in 23 communities throughout northern Ontario. Two other Canadian Rangers completed this yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s training, Master Corporal Peter Goodwin from Kashechewan and Ranger Malloy Kakegagumick from

photo by Robert Munroe

Ranger Malloy Kakegagumick from Sandy Lake and OPP Sergeant Jamie Stirling discuss the search and rescue tactics during a training scenario at Mono Cliffs Provincial Park. Sandy Lake. This brings the number of OPP search and rescue qualified Canadian Rangers to 10.

Captain Bob Munroe is the 3rd Canadian Ranger Patrol Group Unit Public Affairs Representative.

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Wawatay News

Exploring the role of women in treaties Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Title relinquishment issues were recently raised during a treaty forum discussion in Thunder Bay over women not being represented during treaty negotiations. Mishkeegogamang’s Erin Bottle said the treaty negotiations followed the pattern from Europe, which placed men in the position of leadership. “However, in terms of our traditional governance negotiations with respect to these minerals, our (women’s) voice was not represented in that we were not asked on whether or not we would relinquish title to these minerals because they didn’t recognize us as title holders,” Bottle said. “As women, we’re guardians because we protect water and life.” Bottle said the traditional governance system is still intact. “However, we have yet to work on the process of raising those original title holders and where we are going to find these people,” Bottle said. “We know who they are — our ancestors left us their crests and their mark on those treaty documents. Those lines, those lineages, we need to seek them out.” Bottle said the Why Should Treaties Matter forum, led by University of Western Ontario’s Michael Coyle at the Trinity United Church in Thunder Bay, was a good starting point for treaty discussions. “The fact that it was held in Trinity United Church gives testament to the attempt that the churches are giving with respect to reconciliation,” Bottle said. “I think it’s a good thing that Canadians are willing to reconcile and try to understand each other. The dialogue needs to begin with Canadians, not with the parliament or politicians. It needs to start with ordinary people.” Trinity United held the forum on May 29 as part of its Sharing the Future Speaker Series, which includes The Deep Aboriginal History of Northwestern Ontario by Lakehead University’s Scott Hamilton. Hamilton’s forum is available online at the Trinity United Church website: http:// trinityunitedchurch.businesscatalyst.com. Fort William’s Marlene Pierre was impressed with Bottle’s presentation, noting she was courageous to speak about First Nation women’s traditional responsibilities during the forum. “She put it in the right context and she said it, asking everybody, all Canadians, to be more cognizant, to get more understanding of the treaties and to understand that partnership,” Pierre said. “It really reinforced my own thoughts about the history of our treaties and how they should be taught as regular curriculum in the history classes. I’m a strong supporter of that and I wish we would do that, starting right in the public school and high school instead of waiting until university to find out what our relationship is.” Pierre said water issues, including purity and conservation, will be one of mankind’s greatest challenges in the future. “We have to as women get that knowledge and sort out what kind of role we are going to play in informing ourselves and Canadians about the valuable (water) resource we have in Canada,”

Pierre said. “We have a lot of water in northwestern Ontario. If you go on a plane, you’ll see all the water and lakes all over — it’s a wonder.” Although there is plenty of water across northwestern Ontario, Pierre is worried about Lake Superior’s water levels, noting the lake, the largest freshwater lake in the world, is currently about 22 inches below normal levels. “Obviously, someone is overutilizing that water and global warming ... is really having an impact,” Pierre said.

JUNE 6, 2013

11

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Walmart welcomes customers in Ojicree Shawn Bell Wawatay News

Thunder Bay Walmart stores have become the corporation’s first outlets in North America to welcome customers in an indigenous language. At a presentation on June 3, Walmart Thunder Bay manager Paul Anthraper displayed the new welcome signs in Ojicree that will hang in the entrances of all three Thunder Bay Walmart stores. Ontario Regional Chief Stan Beardy, who visited Walmart for the presentation, said the recognition of the importance of First Nations customers is a positive gesture. “It is really important that what we as First Nations people contribute to the local economy is acknowledged,” Beardy said, adding that First Nations people and organizations contribute about $1 million per week into

Regional Chief Stan Beardy and Walmart manager Paul Anthraper stand with the Ojicree sign welcoming First Nations people to Walmart. the Thunder Bay economy. “Our contributions should not be taken for granted,” Beardy said. “We do have economic leverage, so I’d like to thank Walmart for acknowledging our

presence in their stores.” Anthraper said the presentation of the welcome signs was a “historic moment” for Walmart. “We welcome the First Nations community to our

stores,” said Anthraper. The Ojicree signs express Walmart’s welcome to First Nations people and note that status cards are accepted in the stores.

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ekarPfg, ADeOhd Ignace Silver dŽƉƐ^ĞŶŝŽƌ͛ƐĞŶƚƌĞ 300 Pine Street, Ignace 4:30 p.m. ʹ 8p.m.

3bu lar3hsD 3vD fT 3vD laf3a5alaD fT lalrnbD js lduD sshkauvg www.wataypower.ca sr/a fT lafEdZ j;ay UPg fjPulfelaZ js: Brian McLeod, Project Management Office Central Corridor Energy Group 366 Kingston Cres. Winnipeg, MB R2M 0T8 Tel: (204) 415-5973 Email: Brian.Mcleod@imaituk.ca

Adele Faubert, Manager of Aboriginal Affairs Goldcorp Musselwhite Mine P.O. Box 7500 STN P Thunder Bay, ON P7B 6S8 Tel: (807) 928-3017 Email: Adele.Faubert@goldcorp.com

Kelly Beri, Project Manager Golder Associates Ltd. 2390 Argentia Road Mississauga, ON L5N 5Z7 Tel: (905) 567-4444 Email: Kelly_Beri@Golder.com


12

Wawatay News JUNE 6, 2013

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Aboriginal education grads look forward to teaching Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Ginoogaming’s Joan Esquega is focused on a teaching career after graduating from Lakehead University’s Honours Bachelor of Education (Aboriginal) primaryjunior program. “My ultimate goal is to get hired by one of the school boards in (Thunder Bay),” Esquega said. “I actually wouldn’t mind getting on as a Native language instructor.” Esquega enjoyed working with students in their classrooms during the fouryear program, which is geared primarily for students of Aboriginal ancestry and

focused on issues related to Aboriginal education and working with all children, especially Aboriginal children. “My first time teaching was last fall in my first practicum, but the year before I had to do a project where I ... taught a lesson unit to a group of students,” Esquega said. “I did that at an after-school program at a school where my children go and that was my first experience teaching.” Laura Buker, assistant professor at LU, said the program fills a growing need for Aboriginal teachers in classrooms across the north. “What they need to have in those classrooms are our Aboriginal teachers bringing

culture, bringing language, bringing Aboriginal science and worldview into the curriculum, reaching our children and our youth in ways that lift them up and have them have a vision to proceed and also to graduate and move into the trades, move into higher education and move into the Native community,” Buker said. Buker said the program provides students with a “distinctive difference in teacher education.” “We have designed, developed and are teaching courses such as Aboriginal science and ecology, courses that directly address Aboriginal history and looking

Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

Lakehead University Honours Bachelor of Education (Aboriginal) graduates Jessie Plain, centre left, Shannon Moorman, centre, and Joan Esquega, centre right, were celebrated for being the first three graduates of the four-year program on May 31 by a group of LU staff, including Judy Flett, left, Laura Buker, second from right, and Sandra Wolf, right.

NEWS BRIEF Your Feedback is Important Since publishing our Draft EIS/EA Report on February 15, 2013, we have received many comments from the public, our Aboriginal partners and the government. We received several letters of support from municipal governments and local citizens, and would like to thank all the local communities very much for their ongoing involvement in the Hammond Reef project. We also received several comments from First Nations communities and the Métis Nation of Ontario. We have had initial meetings and discussions with these groups, and plan to continue meeting with them to ensure their comments are resolved. Some of the comments were from fishing organizations and local tourism outfitters. We understand that people who depend on fishing and tourism are concerned about the potential effects to fish and changes to the landscape. We have held meetings with tourist outfitters, the Atikokan Sportsmen Conservation Club and the Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters to discuss the comments and better understand what steps we can take to minimize potential effects from the Project. The majority of the comments we received came from the different ministries of the provincial and federal governments. These comments were more technical in nature, and we are working with our environmental consultant to provide fulsome answers to each question. In the coming months we will provide formal responses to each comment and continue to meet with government regulators. We hope to submit a final EIS/EA Report that takes all the comments into consideration in the fall of this year. Thank you again for your involvement! We value the local support we have received and will continue to keep you informed as the planning process moves forward.

OSISKO HAMMOND REEF GOLD LTD. Head Office:

Regional Office:

Contact:

1100, av. des Canadiens-de-Montréal Suite 300, P.O. Box 211 Montreal, QC H3B 2S2

101, Goodwin Street, P.O. Box 2020 Atikokan, ON P0T 1C0

Alexandra Drapack Director Sustainable Development Hammond Reef Project adrapack@osisko.com

www.osisko.com

at youth and children as Aboriginal learners in the classroom,” Buker said. “We’re looking at specific literacy that are needed for our Aboriginal children in literacies of reading and writing.” Pic Mobert’s Shannon Moorman and Aamjiwnaang’s Jessie Plain also graduated along with Esquega, the first graduates from the program. “I would like to teach and I am hoping to head back to university in the fall for my masters,” Moorman said. “I always wanted to be a teacher — I love kids and have a passion for young children and families and empowering Aboriginals to become everything that they can be.” Moorman said the program gives her a specialization that many teachers do not have, noting that Aboriginal student numbers are growing across the north and many teachers do not know how to relate to First Nations culture or language.

“I’ve learned the basic education skills, I’ve learned a lot about the Aboriginal culture,” Plain said. “There are things that are different but the same (between the northern and southern communities), so it’s nice to see that.” Plain plans to head back to LU for the masters of education program next fall. “I’m really open to go anywhere right now,” Plain said. The program includes two modes of delivery: part-time for students taking courses from the far north and fulltime for students on campus. “They (part-time students) come down to campus in the summer and it takes them about six-and-a-half years,” said Judy Flett, Aboriginal education programs coordinator at LU. “We also have the full-time campus model where students take four years to complete their degree. Students also have a field study in their third year where they get a good taste of designing an after-school project and delivering it to students on a practicum.” In addition to being prepared to teach Aboriginal students, Flett said the graduates are also prepared to teach in public schools. “We have school boards that are waiting to recruit them so they are very marketable with their skills and qualifications,” Flett said. “The population demographics show that the Aboriginal population is expanding greatly, so the graduates are high in demand.” Flett said next year’s graduation numbers will likely include about 10-12 graduates.

June 6, 2013 Volume 40 Number 22  

June 6, 2013 Volume 40 Number 22 of Wawatay News