Sachigo waiting for clean up PAGES 10 and 11
Little Bands in Sioux Lookout PAGES 12 to 13 Vol. 38 #05
Conclusion of Reclaiming Life PAGES B1, B6 and B7
March 3, 2011
9,300 copies distributed $1.50 Northern Ontario’s First Nation Voice since 1974
Universal vote decision coming this summer
Rick Garrick Wawatay News
A final decision on a 2012 universal vote for Nishnawbe Aski Nation’s grand chief and three deputy grand chiefs is scheduled for this year’s Keewaywin Conference. “Every time we presented (on a universal vote concept) for the last six years, we get a new ongoing mandate to continue to flush out some of the questions the communities/chiefs have,” said Grand Chief Stan Beardy. “The chiefs have said come the next Keewaywin (Conference) they will make a final decision.” The mandate for a universal vote was first introduced in 2003 to involve all NAN members in the decision-making and political process systems. “It is definitely one of the priorities,” Beardy said. “What’s important to note here is that the chiefs realize their people have to be involved in where we are going in the 21st century with Nishnawbe Aski as a nation of people.” The universal vote would provide NAN members 18 years of age or older with the right to vote for the grand chief and the deputy grand chiefs. Member eligibility and a voters list would be established based on criteria set out by the NAN chiefs in Nishtam Ahkiiwininiwuk, the Foundation of our Nation document. Each First Nation would provide a voters list, based on the rules set by the NAN chiefs. Beardy said one of the main concerns has been the cost of completing a universal vote. “But we’re looking at technology, cost-savings and how it can be done,” Beardy said. “They (the chiefs) want to set up something that will be ongoing once they give the final go ahead. But it is something that will definitely happen. They want to involve their people in the direction of NAN.” Another concern is the loss of influence smaller communities could face in a one vote per NAN member process. The current voting system gives each community the same influence even though some may have thousands of band members and others have less than one hundred band members. “Normally it’s the smaller communities that need help the most,” Beardy said. “If they don’t have the political voice within the new structure, we have to have some safety mechanisms in place to make sure those little communities are heard because we are all the same within the treaty territory. We have equal rights under the Canadian constitution. We have equal inherent rights and it is the rights holders that define the nation itself. So we have to find a way that is fairly, as much as possible, equal and equitable.” see PROCESS page 14
Chris Kornacki/Special to Wawatay News
Ring of Fire coordinator Christine Kaszycki spoke at the 2011 Nishnawbe Aski Nation First Nation Economic Summit in Thunder Bay Feb. 24. Kaszycki addressed issues surrounding the development of the Ring Of Fire. See story on page 8. More Economic Summit coverage found on pages 3 and 9.
ᑭᒋ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑕᐅᓀᐣᑕᑲᐧᐣ ᓄᑯᑦ ᑫᓂᐱᐠ ᕑᐃᐠ ᑫᕑᐃᐠ ᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᑎᐸᒋᒧᐃᐧᐣ
ᑭᔓᓀᐣᑕᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᐁᐧ 2012 ᑭᒋ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᐁᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑭᒋ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᔦ ᓂᐦᓯᐣ ᑭᒋ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓀᓴᐠ ᑲᐃᐧ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓇᒪᐃᐧᐣᑕᐧ ᐊᒥᐦᐃ ᐁᐃᔑ ᐅᓇᐦᑌᐠ ᐃᒪ ᑭᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᑭᒋ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᒋᑕᔑᑐᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᓄᑯᑦ ᑲᐊᐦᑭᐊᐧᐠ. ᑕᓴᐧ ᑲᐸᑭᑎᓇᒪᐣᐠ ᐃᐧᐣᑕᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ (ᐃᐁᐧ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᐣᒋ) ᐊᔕ ᐅᓇᑕᐣᐠ ᐣᑯᑕᐧᓯ ᐊᐦᑭ ᒥᓂᑯᐠ, ᐊᒥᐱᑯ ᐁᐃᔑ ᐱᒪᓄᑲᑕᒪᑭᐣ ᐅᐢᑭ ᐅᓇᒋᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᒋᐱᒥ ᓇᓇᑲᒋᑐᔭᐣᐠ ᐅᑲᑫᐧᑌᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ/ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓇᐠ ᑲᐊᔭᐊᐧᐨ, ᐃᑭᑐ ᑭᒋ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᐣ ᐢᑕᐣ ᐯᔭᑎ. ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓇᐠ ᑭᐃᑭᑐᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᒪ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᐧᐊᔭᐠ ᐃᒪ ᑭᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ (ᑭᒋ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᐣ) ᐅᑲᐸᑭᑎᓇᓇᐊᐧ ᐅᑭᔓᓀᐣᑕᒧᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ. ᐃᐁᐧ ᑲᑭ ᐅᓇᑌᑭᐸᐣ ᐅᓇᑯᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑫᐃᔑ ᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐃᑲᑌᐠ ᑭᒋ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᑭᐅᓇᑌᐸᐣ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ 2003 ᑲᑭᓇ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᑎᐯᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᒋᑕᑯᓇᑲᓄᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᐃᔑ ᐅᓀᐣᒋᑲᓂᐊᐧᓂᓂᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑲᔦ ᐃᒪ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᑲᐃᔑ ᐅᓇᒋᑲᓂᐊᐣᐠ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᐣᒋᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ. ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑭᒋᓀᐣᑕᑲᐧᐣ ᐅᐁᐧ, ᐯᔭᑎ ᐃᑭᑐ. ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᔥ ᐅᐁᐧ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑭᒌ ᓀᐣᑕᑲᐧᓂᐠ ᐁᓂᓯᑕᐃᐧᓇᒧᐊᐧᐨ
ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓇᐠ ᐅᑕᓂᔑᓂᓂᒧᐊᐧᐣ ᑫᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᒋᐃᐧᒋᑕᐧᓂᐣᐨ ᐅᐁᐧ ᓄᑯᑦ ᑲᐊᓂᓯᓭᑭᐣ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᑭᓇᐃᐧᐣᐟ ᐅᒪ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᑎᐯᐣᑕᑯᓯᔭᐠ. ᐃᐁᐧ ᑭᒋ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᑭᓇ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑲᐅᐤᒋ ᑎᐯᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐨ 18 ᑲᑕᓱᐱᐳᓀᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᐃᐢᐱᒥᐣᐠ ᐅᑲᑭ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓇᒪᐊᐧᐊᐧᐣ ᑭᒋ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑭᒋ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓇᓀᓴᐣ. ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᔥ ᐃᒪ ᑫᐃᔑ ᓂᐱᑌᐱᐦᐃᑲᓱᐊᐧᐨ ᑫᑭ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓂᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᒪ ᑕᐃᔑ ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᓱᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᑭ ᐃᔑ ᐅᓇᑐᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓇᐠ ᐃᒪ ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᐊᐦᑭᐃᐧᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᐃᔑᓂᑲᑌᐠ, ᑲᑭ ᐅᐣᒋ ᒪᒋᓭᑭᐸᐣ ᐅᐁᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᐣ. ᑲᑭᓇ ᐃᐢᑯᓂᑲᓇᐣ ᑕᓇᐣᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐠ ᒋᐸᑭᑎᓇᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᒋᓂᐱᑌᐱᐦᐃᑲᓱᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᐃᐧ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓂᑫᐊᐧᐨ, ᑲᑭ ᐃᔑ ᐅᓇᑐᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓇᐠ. ᐯᔭᑎ ᐃᑭᑐ ᐯᔑᐠ ᑫᑯᐣ ᑲᒪᒥᑎᓀᐣᑕᑲᐧᐠ ᐃᐁᐧ ᒣᑎᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᐧ ᑭᒋᔑᑲᑌᐠ ᑭᒋ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓂᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ. ᐃᐁᐧ ᐣᑎᔑ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᐣᑕᒥᐣ ᐅᐢᑭ ᐊᐸᒋᑕᑲᓇᐣ, ᐊᓂᐣ ᓇᐊᐧᐨ ᐸᐣᑭ ᑫᑭ ᐃᔑ ᒣᑎᓂᑲᓂᐊᐧᑭᐸᐣ ᐊᓂᐣ ᑕᔥ ᑫᑭᑐᒋᑲᑌᑭᐸᐣ, ᐯᔭᑎ ᐃᑭᑐ. ᐃᑫᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ (ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓇᐠ) ᐅᐃᐧ ᐅᓇᑐᓇᐊᐧ ᑫᑭ ᐊᐸᒋᒋᑲᑌᑭᐸᐣ ᑲᐯᐦᐃ ᑫᑭ ᐊᐸᑕᑭᐸᐣ ᐊᐱ ᑭᑭᔓᓀᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ. ᐱᒋᓇᐠ ᑕᔥ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑕᓂᐃᓯᓭ. ᐅᑕᓂᔑᓂᓂᒥᐊᐧᐣ ᐅᓇᐣᑕᐁᐧᓂᒪᐊᐧᐣ ᒋᐃᐧᑐᑲᑯᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᒪ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ
ᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᑎᐯᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐨ. ᑯᑕᐠ ᑫᑯᐣ ᑲᒪᒥᑎᓀᐣᑕᒥᐦᐃᐁᐧᒪᑲᐠ ᐊᐦᐃ ᑲᐊᑲᓯᐣᑭᐣ ᐃᐢᑯᓂᑲᓇᐣ ᐯᔑᐠ ᐁᐦᑕ ᐃᒪ ᑲᐸᑭᑎᓇᑲᓄᐨ ᒋᐅᐣᒋ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓂᑫᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᑎᐯᐣᑕᑯᓯᐨ ᑲᑭ ᐅᓇᑌᑭᐸᐣ. ᐁᑲᐧ ᐃᐧᓂᑯ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᓇᑌᐠ ᑲᑭᓇ ᑲᑕᓱ ᐸᐯᔑᑲᐧᑭᐣ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᐃᔑᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᐣᒋᑲᑌᐊᐧᐣ ᒥᓴᐊᐧᐨ ᑭᒋᒥᑕᓱᒥᑕᓇ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐃᒪ ᑲᐅᐣᒋᑎᐯᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᑕᔑᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᑲᔦ ᑯᑕᑭᔭᐠ ᓄᐣᑕ ᒥᑕᓱᒥᑕᓇ ᐁᐦᑕᔑᐊᐧᐨ. ᒥᐃᐧᓂᑯ ᑫᑲᐟ ᓇᔑᓀ ᐁᐃᓯᓭᐠ ᐃᐁᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᑲᐊᑲᓯᑭᐣ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᓇᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᐢᑕᐦᐃ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᐁᓇᐣᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ, ᐯᔭᑎ ᐃᑭᑐ. ᑭᐢᐱᐣ ᐁᑲ ᑫᑯᐣ ᐃᔑᓂᑲᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᐃᐧ ᐅᐢᑭ ᐅᓇᒋᑲᑌᓂᐠ, ᒥᔕᐱᑯ ᐁᐃᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᑭᓇᐃᐧᐣᐟ ᒋᐅᓇᑐᔭᐠ ᐊᓂᐣ ᑫᑭᐃᔑ ᐃᐧᒋᑐᔭᑭᐸᓂᐣ ᐃᑫᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᐃᐢᑯᓂᑲᓀᓴᐣ ᑫᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᒋᓄᐣᒋᑲᑌᓂᐠ ᐅᓇᐣᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᒧᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᑕᐱᓇᑲ ᑲᑭᓇ ᒪᒪᐤ ᑭᑐᐣᒋ ᑎᐯᐣᑕᑯᓯᒥᐣ. ᑲᑭᓇ ᑕᐱᑕ ᒪᐢᑲᐃᐧᓯᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑭᑕᔭᒥᓇᐣ ᐃᒪ ᑲᓇᑕ ᑭᒋ ᐅᓇᑯᓂᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ. ᑭᑕᔭᒥᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯᐃᐧ ᒪᐢᑲᐃᐧᓯᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᔥ ᐃᐁᐧ ᒪᐢᑲᐃᐧᓯᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᑭᒋᐃᐧᓇᒪᐣᐠ ᒥᔕᐦᐃᐁᐧ ᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᑭᑭᓇᐊᐧᒋᐦᐅᐊᐧᑫᔭᐣᐠ ᑲᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯᐃᐧᔭᐣᐠ. ᒥᑕᔥ ᐁᐃᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᒋᓇᓇᐣᑐᓇᒪᐠ ᑫᓇᐦᐃᓇᑲᐧᐠ, ᐊᓂᓂᑯ ᑫᐊᑯᓭᑭᐣ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ, ᑕᐱᑕ ᒥᓇ ᒥᓄᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᒥᑎᐃᐧᓂᐠ.
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ᑲᐧᐣᐢᑕᐣᐢ ᕑᐁᐠ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᐣ ᐊᕑᑎᕑ ᒧᕑ ᐅᒪᒥᑎᓀᐣᑕᒧᐦᐃᑯᓇᐣ ᐃᑫᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᐧ ᐊᓂ ᐊᐣᑕᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᑭᒋ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᐣᒋ. ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᑕᐱᑕ ᒋᐃᔑ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᒪᑲᓄᐨ ᐊᐃᔭᐧ ᑲᐅᓂᓇᑲᓄᐨ ᐊᐃᐧᔭ ᓂᑎᓀᐣᑕᐣ, ᒧᕑ ᐃᑭᑐ, ᐃᐁᐧ ᐃᐧᓂᑯ ᐁᐃᔑ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᐣᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᑲᐊᔭᐱᑕᔑᓇᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᐅᒪ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑎᐯᐣᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ. ᐊᑎᐟ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᔑᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᒥᑕᔥ ᐁᐃᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᒋᐅᐣᒋ ᒪᒋᓭᐠ ᐅᓀᓀᑫᐃᐧᐣ, ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᔥ ᓂᒪᒥᑎᓀᐣᑕᒥᐦᐃᑯᐣ ᐁᑲ ᑲᐧᔭᐠ ᒋᑭ ᐅᓀᓀᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ. ᐯᔭᑎ ᑭᐃᑭᑐᐸᐣ ᒥᓇᐊᐧ ᑲᑭ ᐊᐦᑭᐊᐧᑭᐸᐣ ᐃᒪ ᑭᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᑭᒋ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐃᑫᐧᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᐢᑲᑎᓴᐠ ᐁᓇᓇᐱ ᑲᑫᐧᒋᒥᑯᐨ ᐊᓇᐦᐱ, ᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᑲᐅᐢᑲᑎᓯᐊᐧᐨ, ᑫᑭ ᐃᐧᒋᑕᐧᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᑲᐃᔑ ᐅᓂᓂᑲᓂᐊᐧᓂᐠ ᐃᒪ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᓂᑲᓂᑕᒪᑫᐃᐧᓂᐣᐠ. ᐃᐁᐧ ᑕᔥ ᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᑐᑕᒪᐣᐠ, ᑲᐱᑲᑭᐁᐧ ᓇᓇᓯᑲᑯᔦᐠ ᐁᓇᓇᐣᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᒪᐣᐠ ᐊᓂᐣ ᑫᑭ ᐃᔑ ᒪᑕᓄᑲᑌᑭᐸᐣ ᒋᑭ ᑕᑯᓇᑲᓄᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᑲᑭᓇ ᑭᑕᓂᔑᓂᓂᒥᓇᐣ ᐃᒪ ᓂᑲᓂᑕᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐅᓀᓂᒪᑲᓄᐨ ᒥᓇ ᑲᔦ ᒋᐊᔭᔭᐠ ᐅᓀᐣᑕᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᑫᑯ ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᑫᑭ ᐅᔑᑕᒪᓯᔭᑭᐸᐣ ᐃᔑᓃ ᑲᐣ, ᐯᔭᑎ ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᒥᓇᐊᐧ ᑲᑭᐊᐦᑭᐊᐧᐠ ᓴᑭᐸᑲᐃᐧᐱᓯᑦ ᒣᑲᐧᐨ 29 th ᑲᐃᓇᑭᓯᐨ ᐁᐧᑎ ᑭᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᑭᒋ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᐣ. ᐃᓇᐱᐣ ᐸᑭᑭᓂᑲᓂᐠ 6
MARCH 3, 2011
Family still believes missing son will be found Webequie teen missing more than three weeks James Thom Wawatay News
Derek and Bernice Jacob “just want to see” their son again. The couple spoke publicly for the first time Feb. 23 about the search for their son Jordan Wabasse, who has been missing since Feb. 7. “We are waiting for you to come home,” Bernice said. She was speaking at a press conference with the Thunder Bay Police at a building near the site where most of the search for Wabasse has occurred.
“We are waiting for you to come home.” – Bernice Jacob
Wabasse, 15, was last seen Feb. 7 and was reported missing by a guardian the next day. “We have a strong belief that Jordan is here in Thunder Bay. We ask everyone to keep your eyes open and call the police if you have any information,” Bernice said. During the media conference, Thunder Bay Police Insp. Andy Hay recapped the investigation for Wabasse, a Webequie band member. Citing numerous interviews, tips, leads and surveillance videos, Hay said the police are tak-
ing every tip seriously. Officers have been able to trace many of Wabasse’s steps the evening he went missing. There is security footage of his time spent earlier in the evening at the Intercity Shopping Centre and officers have spoken to a city bus passenger who got off the transit at the same stop as Wabasse in Westfort. Police know he stepped off the transit bus at Mary Street near Holt Place. With the help of an OPP dive team, an underwater search of the Kaministiquia River was conducted last week. Over the weekend, the OPP helicopter conducted an aerial search. Each came up empty. Another search of the river will take place once the ice is melted. Investigators are also waiting to determine if a hat found near the Kaministiquia belonged to Wabasse. The hat was sent to a forensic lab in Sault Ste. Marie for DNA testing. Hay expects an answer in six to eight weeks. While the family is holding out hope Wabasse will turn up alive, Hay said the ground search conducted by officers is complete. However, he said police will follow up on any leads that require another search. Anyone with information about Wabasse should contact the Thunder Bay Police at 807684-1200 or his parents at 807285-7282.
James Thom/Wawatay News
Webequie teen Jordan Wabasse, 15, has been missing in Thunder Bay for more than three weeks. His parents spoke out about the search for the first time Feb. 23, making an emotional plea for their son to come home. Sachigo Lake band member Solomon Beardy, top, and Nishnawbe Aski Nation Grand Chief Stan Beardy, right, comforted the family – father Derek Jacob, brother Derren Jacob and mother Bernice Jacob – during the press conference.
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Wawatay News MARCH 3, 2011
Ministers have the ‘power’ to direct change James Thom Wawatay News
If Greenstone or other northwestern Ontario communities are to seriously compete for a processing plant for Ring of Fire ore, upgrades to the current hydro situation are needed. Aroland First Nation and the municipality of Greenstone are working in cooperation to land the processing plant Cliffs Resources is proposing to build if the Ring of Fire development – located in the traditional lands of Webequie and Marten Falls and containing rich ore bodies of minerals – does proceed. But Gary McKeever, director of energy supply and competition for the Ministry of Energy, said a community like Greenstone needs more energy capacity if the processing plant for chromite ore will be built there. The transmission lines in place run at 115 kilovolts, but upgrades are needed in order to draw 300 megawatts of power required for the processing plant. McKeever was one of the speakers during a panel on economic planning at the Nishnawbe Aski Nation Economic Summit Feb. 24 in Thunder Bay. He explained 500 kilovolt lines carry the main power to large centres where transformers convert the power to smaller values like the 50 kilovolt lines that run down city streets. “But some developments will require large amounts of power so a main transmission
Chris Kornacki/Special to Wawatay News
Minister of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry Michael Gravelle leads a talk about economic development plans for northern Ontario during a panel discussion Feb. 24 at the Nishawbe Aski Nation Economic Summit in Thunder Bay. line at 500 kilovolts would be necessary,” he said. “In other cases, a main transmission line would be necessary to bring power that is being generated, like at a hydro electric dam, into the power grid.” Such a line would be necessary to connect the Nipigon area with a proposed hydroelectric generation project and a proposed 100 megawatt wind farm on the eastern side of Lake Nipigon – projects the Lake Nipigon-area First Nation chiefs support and are involved
with. “First Nations have unique and diverse energy needs and interests,” McKeever said. “Ontario is working hard to make sure there is a wide range of opportunities for Aboriginal participation in this sector.” McKeever said the province wants to make sure First Nations are included in the hydro developments happening around them. He said if new transmission lines cross First Nation lands, there is an expectation of
Aboriginal participation through job and skills training. During the ministries panel at the summit, Northern Development, Mines and Forestry Minister Michael Gravelle, Aboriginal Affairs Minister Chris Bentley and Natural Resources Minister Linda Jeffrey also spoke. Bentley said the projects First Nations have completed were successful because of a number of factors. “Your hard work, absolutely. Your determined effort,
absolutely. Your determination to make sure the future holds more than the past for First Nations peoples and communities, absolutely.” A project like the recently announced major broadband Internet development for the northern First Nations is such an example of hard work and partnerships paying off. “It is going to provide great economic, social and educational opportunities for First Nations throughout the NAN territory,” Bentley said. “It
is a very exciting opportunity. “We all recognize the strength of this province is in all of its people, all those residing in its borders. All will be stronger if everyone is involved with the provincial economy.” The broadband project will get more people involved in the economy, he said. Based on travels to First Nations, Bentley sees hope in the future. “What strikes me is the hope for a brighter future and the determination to get there,” Bentley said. “Communities are achieving that brighter future.” Jeffrey is excited to see progress being made between the First Nations and natural resources companies. Citing the Far North Act, Jeffrey said the province has taken steps to show industry – mining, forestry and renewable energy – where development can and can’t take place. Bill 191, the Far North Act, was introduced in June 2009 and passed into law in the fall of 2010 to permanently protect about 225,000 square kilometres of Ontario’s Far North. “For the first time in Ontario’s history, we have a piece of legislation that requires by law First Nations approval of land use plans on public lands.” Jeffrey said. “That requirement is a huge step forward in recognizing the special relationship First Nations have with the land. The relationship between the people and the land must, and will be, the cornerstone of all decisionmaking in the Far North.”
Treaty history needs to be included in mainstream education: Murray Ray Rick Garrick Wawatay News
Flying Post Chief Murray Ray wants to see the different perspectives on the treaties taught in schools throughout Ontario. “We’re finally getting what is our perspective on what happened at treaty, we have Ontario’s perspective on what happened, we’ve got Canada’s perspective,” Ray said on the second day of the Treaties No. 5 and 9 Symposium. The Symposium was held Feb. 23-24 at Lakehead University in Thunder Bay. “We don’t have to agree, but get the information out to everybody,” Ray said. “Put it in (the education system) right from kindergarten up to university. Once everybody has all the information, they can make up their
own minds.” Ray is fascinated with learning more about the treaties, noting that is where history was made and is still being made. “Knowledge is the key,” said Ray, who sits on the Nishnawbe Aski Nation/Canada Treaty Discussion Forum. Presented through a joint partnership between the NAN/ Canada Treaty Discussion Forum and Lakehead University’s Aboriginal Initiatives unit, the symposium featured a variety of presentations, including a historical look at the treaty relationship by Weenusk Elder Louis Bird, Janet Armstrong of Armstrong Historical Research and Jean-Pierre Morin, a historian with the federal government. Discussions included a NAN/Canada Treaty Discus-
Rick Garrick/Wawatay News
Fort Albany Chief Andrew Solomon speaks at the Treaties No. 5 & 9 Symposium Feb. 23-24 in Thunder Bay. sion Forum, a NAN Leadership Panel with Sandy Lake Chief Adam Fiddler and Fort Albany Chief Andrew Solomon, and a Canada/Ontario Panel. The
Lakehead University student perspective was also presented. “The understanding of the Elders is that we were put here on this planet by God, by the
Creator,” Fiddler said during the NAN Leadership Panel. “He put us here on this planet to occupy it. He put us here and he also gave us the necessary tools for our survival – he gave us the land, the water, the air, the animals, the fish, everything that we needed.” Fiddler said First Nations people lived a self-sufficient lifestyle for thousands of years in this area. “We have a spiritual connection to the land,” Fiddler said. “Our Elders tell us that we were given the land by the Creator and we have a responsibility to take care of that land, not only for our generation but for future generations. It is not our land to destroy – it is not up to us to make decisions on the land that will affect future generations.” Nipissing University profes-
sor John Long spoke about his book, Treaty No. 9: Making the Agreement to Share the Land in Far Northern Ontario in 1905. The book includes the neglected account of a third commissioner and outlines how many crucial details about the treaty’s contents were omitted in the transmission of writing to speech, while other promises were made orally but not included in the written treaty. Louis Bird suggested a roleplaying routine for students to learn about the treaties, with some students acting as First Nation representatives and others acting as representatives of the Crown. “They will see what happens,” Bird said. “That is the only way they could learn about the treaty if they could put themselves into these people.”
First Nations may be ‘punished’ under new federal water bill Rick Garrick Wawatay News
National Chief Shawn A-inchut Atleo has grave concerns about Bill S-11, the Safe Drinking Water for First Nations Act. “If the bill went through as it is, it could expose First Nations to being punished for not meeting these new regulations for the reason that they have no ability to meet them,” Atleo said Feb. 22 during a media conference. “If you’re going to bring in a bill, first of all it must be, as it says in the declaration (UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples), done jointly. That was not done with S-11.” Atleo said the government also needs to ensure that the resources come with the establishment of the regulations,
such as having resources in the community, proper skills and training and proper equipment and facilities. “Right now, not only is there no guarantee that it (Bill S-11) will do anything to support clean drinking water, it will provide all kinds of emphasis on First Nations without supporting them to have the actual tools to carry the work out,” Atleo said. “So it could actually make conditions worse, the way the bill is currently constructed.” Bill S-11, which was introduced in the Senate May 26, 2010, provides for the development of federal regulations governing the provision of drinking water, water quality standards and the disposal of waste water in First Nations communities. The bill also establishes that
federal regulations developed in this regard may incorporate provincial regulations governing drinking water and waste water in First Nations communities. “Any reference to regulations at the provincial level could expose First Nations to other third parties stepping in and it could expose First Nations to having their treaty rights and title and rights really overstepped and completely trampled on,” Atleo said. Grand Chief Stan Beardy is concerned that if First Nations cannot meet the water quality standards or capacity, the water system could fall under a different jurisdiction. “It could be the province and then the First Nation will not have anything to do with it (the community’s water system)
after that,” Beardy said. “Somebody will run it and then the community will not have too much say.” Beardy said there is no guarantee the Bill S-11 recommendations will come with adequate resources to make sure First Nations can meet the capital infrastructure standards or train local personnel to operate the infrastructure. “There is no indication at this point in time that additional resources will be available for those First Nations to (meet) the program requirements,” Beardy said, noting that at any point in time up to 50 per cent of NAN First Nations are on boil water advisories. “The problem right now is that we’re told you have to be on a waiting list (for) inadequate capital to be able to bring those systems up to stan-
dards. From day one you are at a disadvantage to managing your own systems.” Atleo stated during a Feb. 8 presentation to the Standing Senate Committee on Aboriginal Peoples that Bill S-11 gives the federal cabinet broad and sole authority to incorporate by reference any provincial law that cabinet considers necessary and there is nothing to suggest a limit on this authority with respect to provincial water allocation and licensing laws. Atleo added that Bill S-11 is unnecessarily broad and over reaching. An Indian and Northern Affairs Canada spokeswoman said Canada does recognize that many First Nation communities do face unique water challenges. “The ability to meet federal
regulatory requirements may vary from province to province and territory to territory,” said Margot Geguld, INAC media relations. “In recognition of these unique challenges, we will seek a phased in approach for regulations so that implementation coincides with a community’s ability to meet regulatory requirements.” Geguld said the phased in approach will help ensure First Nations and system operators have time to familiarize themselves with the new regulatory environment. “There is going to be a consultation process,” Geguld said. “The different options that are being looked at are also being discussed during the consultations with First Nations and other stakeholders.”
Wawatay News MARCH 3, 2011
‘I see you’ 16-5th Avenue North P.O. Box 1180 Sioux Lookout, ON P8T 1B7 Serving the First Nations in Northern Ontario since 1974. Wawatay News is a politically independent bi-weekly newspaper published by Wawatay Native Communications Society.
ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᑲᑭᒪᑕᓄᑲᑌᐠ 1974 ᐁᐅᒋᐊᓄᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᑭᐧᐁᑎᓄᐠ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᑕᐃᑦᔑᑫᐧᐃᓇᐣ. ᑕᓱᓂᔓᐱᒥᑯᓇᑲ ᐅᔑᒋᑲᑌ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐧᐃ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᐧᐃᐣ ᐅᓇᔓᐧᐁᐧᐃ ᑲᓇᐧᐊᐸᒋᑫᐧᐃᓂᐠ ᒋᐃᔑ ᐸᐸᒥᓯᒪᑲᐠ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓂᑫᐧᐃᓇᐣ. MEDIA DIRECTOR Adrienne Fox MULTIMEDIA/NEWS COORDINATOR Brent Wesley
Meet the neighbours James Thom WAWATAY NEWS
You could cut the tension in the room with a knife. Walking in to the gymnasium at Dennis Franklin Cromarty High School Feb. 15 had the feeling of a death row inmate making a final walk before meeting the executioner. Staff had warned me; prepared me for the things I might hear. But there is nothing that can prepare you for intolerance and racism. It should have been the third meeting in a series of such events to allow the school’s neighbours to learn more about the dorm to be constructed in the spring. But it was more than that. It was a chance for the people who didn’t want the school in “their neighbourhood” to begin with to voice their displeasure. One of the more “positive” comments I heard during the time I spent at the meeting came from an elderly man sitting behind me and a few rows over.
The insinuation that these students from DFC are solely responsible for the needles and artefacts is foolish. Before a crowd of more than 100 people, including DFC principal Jonathan Kakegamic, DFC director Larry Howes and head of guidance Greg Quachegan, the man said he was against the school when it opened. Speaking as a self-described “white … old man,” he said when he learned the school would be for Aboriginal youth, he had metal bars installed on his doors and windows and a high-end security system installed in his home. “But I haven’t had any issues with your students,” he said. Another woman spoke about how she is afraid to walk down the street between the school and McIntyre River with her three children because of the presence of all the students and drug paraphernalia under the bridge. The insinuation that these students from DFC are solely responsible for the needles and artefacts is foolish.
Youth from elementary schools in the area and Churchill High School next door to DFC could be just as likely culprits. On any day, driving down Edward Street, next to school, you will see a variety of people – old, young, some who appear homeless, Aboriginal and nonAboriginal – in the area. Things reached a boiling point when treaty rights and taxation came up. Ignorance is not an excuse but there has to be a better way to make a point than to ask: “Do you even pay taxes?” Another great question was raised: “What do the parents of these students contribute to the school? Where does the school gets its money from?” When it got rationalized down to “the DFC neighbours’ taxes” paying for the private Aboriginal school, a mass exit of those attending the meeting began. Some of the neighbours were upset this was the third meeting which was held and they hadn’t heard about the first two. In an effort to attract more people to the meeting, more than 1,600 flyers were handdelivered by students to the homes around the school. In the fall, when plans for the dorm were announced, DFC held a 10th anniversary open house. Conspicuous by their absence were many of the school’s neighbours. The anniversary celebration attracted a great number of people from the Aboriginal community but few nonAboriginals attended. During that celebration, Howes displayed a rough mockup of how the dorm may look. Even today, there is plenty of time for suggestions to the design and concept, Howes said during the meeting Feb. 15. The concept, as it stands and was approved by the Northern Nishnawbe Education Council (NNEC) board in October, would see Grade 9 and 10 students stay in the dorm, which is expected to be able to accommodate 100-110 students with two in each room. The Grade 11 students will return to the boarding home system. Grade 12 students would go to a modified boarding home system where they would receive their boarding home funds ($250 biweekly for food and utility costs) and will pay their hosts directly. Construction of the dorm is expected to be completed in time for the 2011-2012 school year.
Leanna Larmondin/Wawatay News archive
Boys hanging out on a winter’s day in Nibinamik, 1991.
Kookum said it was a ‘crazy world’ Xavier Kataquapit UNDER THE NORTHERN SKY
y Kookum or Grandmother, Louise Paulmartin, often told me when I was young that “the world was getting crazy.” She reserved the comment for when she heard news from the southern non-Native world about a calamity or crisis like a war, a terrible flood or if she might have viewed some violent or horrible news on the television. Of course, as a youngster, I never realized what she meant. When I became a teenager I merely attributed that comment of hers as a result of old age and being out of touch with the modern world. It is funny what a few years of experience can mean. Recently, it occurred to me that my Kookum was right about human kind on our planet earth. I am normally not a pessimistic person but because I enjoy viewing current news and documentaries, this results in a broad awareness of the happenings in the world. We
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really are quite crazy as a species. Think about it. There are at least 30 major wars or conflicts going on in the world today as I write this. Millions of people are being harassed, abused, starved and forced from their homes. Thousands are being wounded and killed. Most of these wars involve greed and the need to control rich natural resource like minerals, oil or gas. So, it seems like money is at the root of most of these problems. That’s crazy. We have reignited the support of nuclear power because we are worried about not having enough energy to provide electrical services that light every nook and cranny in cities and towns throughout the developed world. Power appliances that heat our homes, cook our food, freeze our food and cut our lawns make us lazy. Why can’t we just alter our way of using energy and save us from having to turn back to nuclear power? Instead we have decided to return to a technology that creates very dangerous waste that we do not know how to get rid of or safely store. That’s crazy. How about coal? Can you believe it? Coal burning generation stations are back in a MEDIA DIRECTOR Adrienne Fox firstname.lastname@example.org MULTIMEDIA/NEWS COORDINATOR Brent Wesley email@example.com EDITOR James Thom firstname.lastname@example.org WRITER/PHOTOGRAPHER Rick Garrick email@example.com ART DIRECTOR Roxann Shapwaykeesic firstname.lastname@example.org GRAPHIC DESIGNER Matthew Bradley email@example.com
big way because of our need for cheap energy. The burning of coal creates so much pollution. Of course that leads to all kinds of problems in creating toxins not to mention the affect on our planet in terms of global warming. That’s crazy. We are also using up water like there is no tomorrow. Well, as a matter of fact if we keep treating water as though it is infinite in quantity then there won’t be a tomorrow. Fresh water is getting more and more depleted mostly because we can’t figure out how to conserve our most precious natural resources. There are huge parts of the planet where people do not have access to clean water. Here in North America we shower in it all day. That’s crazy. Thousands of people, mostly children, die every day due to starvation, malnutrition, thirst and disease. We have figured out how to put man on the moon but we refuse to put the effort, creativity, money and devotion into providing everyone on this planet with a decent life. Most of us here in North America have two or three gas guzzling vehicles, we eat to excess, we live in nice homes and we have jobs. Thousands of children are dying to have just a little of what we ACTING BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT DIRECTOR Meghan Kendall firstname.lastname@example.org ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE Steve Elliott email@example.com CIRCULATION DIRECTOR Mark Kakekagumick firstname.lastname@example.org TRANSLATORS Vicky Angees email@example.com Agnes Shakakeesic firstname.lastname@example.org
consume. That’s crazy. My Kookum grew up in a harsh remote environment north of Attawapiskat on the James Bay coast. She never had much but she worked with her family in those early days on the land to survive. Life was not easy for my ancestors but they managed to feed themselves, provide shelter and stay healthy. People like my Kookum knew first hand that there was a relationship with the land. They knew it was a fundamental truth to respect Mother Earth. It was a matter of survival. I now realize my Kookum was viewing the world from her traditional life on the land when she commented on how “crazy” things seemed to her in the new world. She understood the natural connections between the land, the people, animals, birds, fish, plants, trees, the wind, moon, sun, stars and water. It must have worried her to see things so out of balance and disconnected. If I close my eyes and drift back in my memory I can still see her sitting in her chair in her little house. She is looking at me with a sad expression and shaking her head. “The world is getting crazy,” she says. www.underthenothernsky.com CONTRIBUTORS Joy Fox Allyne Gliddon Xavier Kataquapit Chris Kornacki Marty Mascarin Peter Moon Bryan Phelan Richard Wagamese Guest editorials, columnists and letters to the editor do not necessarily reflect the views of Wawatay News.
Wawatay News MARCH 3, 2011
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MARCH 3, 2011
Return of the buffalo Richard Wagamese ONE NATIVE LIFE
verything is energy. Everything moves in a circle. There are no endings only new beginnings. These are the foundational truths expressed in the ceremonial lives of my people. As Iâ€™ve aged each of them has become more pronounced in my life and each of them has become more and more valuable to the condition of my life. The teachings and the belief system of my people has become a song I carry. I feel it most strongly on the land but itâ€™s there nonetheless in everything I do. I am Ojibwa. I am First Nations, Aboriginal, Native, Indigenous. In all things, the truth and veracity of those traditional teachings is the guiding force in my life. So itâ€™s fascinating to see those foundational truths expressed in the world around us. Sometimes, no matter what faith you carry, our brains require tangibles, the proof that our efforts at consciousness and spirituality bear fruit in the real world. For Native people, there is none more satisfying than the seeming proliferation of buffalo in Grasslands National Park. There in the remote south-
western corner of Saskatchewan, a herd of plains bison is bearing calves at an accelerated rate. Three years ago 72 pureblooded animals were released into the 181 squarekilometre refuge. It was a Parks Canada initiative aimed at re-establishing the presence of bison after more than 120 years. Today there are 115 of them. While that may not seem like a lot, it is in terms of environmental impact.
Everything is energy. Everything moves in a circle. There are no endings, only new beginnings. See, after bison were wiped out on the plains the topography changed. Without the pummeling of buffalo hooves the rhythm, the energy, of the grasslands was altered. Not only was the mainstay of Aboriginal cultures destroyed, and in turn the lives of the people, but the very heart of the prairies was eliminated too. They were murdered. Thatâ€™s the salient fact deleted from our history books. Nonetheless, the bison are back. The tremendous thing about that is these are purebloods. Although there are more than 400,000 buffalo in North America, they are mixed bloodstock, their bloodlines crossed with domestic
cattle. Beefalo theyâ€™re called. Those creatures have never seen an open prairie. Theyâ€™ve never known the freedom of just being a bison. The original 75 came from Elk Island National Park near Edmonton. They were allowed to acclimatize â€“ a western word that means, simply, to feel the wind on your face â€“ before being turned out into the natural world. Becoming a buffalo, as in all things, took time. They hung together at first, timid and wary, but when youâ€™re allowed to be who you were created to be, the power of that alters you quickly. Soon the bulls were wintering together. The cows and calves gathered in their own herd. They began to explore their territory. They began to learn themselves. Soon they found the buffalo wallows, those places where the animals would roll and cover themselves in dust to shield themselves from insects. They began to mate. Initially, scientists anticipated a traditional birth rate of 60 calves for every hundred cows. Last year that rate climbed to 90. This year they expect another forty youngsters to arrive. What that projects to within the next five years is 300 to 350 pureblooded bison roaming a territory in which they were extinct for more than a century. Everything is energy. Everything moves in a circle. There are no endings, only new begin-
nings, only continuation, only the great onward motion of the planet seeking the highest possible expression of itself. This is what we witness when we care to look. This is what we engender when we care to care. See, bringing back the buffalo brought back the spirit of the grasslands. That grass is being grazed. It ranges from the barely nibbled to virtually cultivated lengths like golf club greens. That in turn stimulates other beings. Songbirds are lining their nests with bison fur, boosting the probability of successful nesting. The sharp tailed grouse has been dusting itself in the wallows and using the short green lawns for mating areas. Soon, scientists expect endangered and struggling bird species to follow suit. The sage grouse, Spragueâ€™s pipit, the long-billed curlew and the burrowing owl could all soon call Grasslands National Park home and begin their own proliferation. Naturally, predator life will increase as will other species prone to a grasslands life. Certainly, the herd needs to grow some to become viable and more research is called for but the initial impact is awesome to see. Because we are stewards of the planet it is our responsibility to take care of things. When we bring our energy in the flow of planetary energy there are no endings, only new beginnings. All it takes is desire.
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á?Šá“‚á?Żá”‘á“‡á‘˛á?§á? 2011, á?Šá”• á‘á“‡á?Łá‘•á? á?§á?Łá‘•á‘Żá“Żá’Ľá?Ł á’‹á‘á‘á”“á“€á?Łá‘•á’Şá‘á?¸á?Ł á‘á“‡á?ƒá?§á?Łá?&#x; á?…á“‚á‘á“‚á‘•á’Şá‘Ťá? á‘˛á?ƒá“‡á?Łá‘á“Żá”á? á?Šá“‚á?Ł á‘˛á?ƒá?§ á?ƒá”‘ á’Şá‘•á“„á‘˛á‘•á’Şá? á?ƒá? á?§, á“´á?§á“Ťá?Šá’Şá?Ł á?ƒá‘á‘?. á?Żá”‘á? á?…á“‡á’‹á‘Ťá?ƒá?§á?Ł á‘˛á‘ á?…á“‡á’‹á‘˛á‘Œá‘á?¸á?Ł á?ƒá? á?§ á’‹á‘ á“‡á“‡á?Łá‘•á?Šá?§á?¸á?Łá’‹á‘˛á‘Œá‘á?¸á?Ł á?Šá“‚á?Ł á‘Ťá‘ á?ƒá”‘ á?ƒá?§á’‹á?Śá?ƒá‘Żá?Šá?§á?¸á?Ł á‘˛á‘á“‡ á?Šá?ƒá?§á”á? , á? á‘˛ á?ƒá?§á“‚á‘Ż á?ƒá’Ş... á’‹á?…á?Łá’‹ á‘á’‹ á‘˛á‘˛á“„á“‚á‘Žá“‡á“‚á?Šá?§á?Łá? á‘˛á?Šá?ąá‘•á”‘á“‡á“‚á?Šá?§á?Łá? á?…á?Łá’‹ á’Ľá“‡ á‘Żá‘•á‘á”á?Ł á‘Ťá‘Żá“‡á?Ł. á?Šá‘Ž á‘˛á‘˛á‘Ťá?§ á‘˛á?§á”á?Łá’‹á’Ľá?Ł á?Šá“‚á?Ł á‘Ťá‘ á?ƒá”‘ á?ƒá?§á’‹á?Śá?ƒá‘Żá?Šá?§á?¸á?Ł á‘˛á‘á“‡ á?Šá?ƒá?§á” á‘˛á‘á“‡ á’‹á‘ á?…á?Łá’‹ á’Ľá“„á“‚á?¸á”á‘á?¸á?Ł á’‹á‘á‘Ťá?Łá‘•á’Şá?Ł á? á‘ á’Şá’Şá?ƒá?§ á?Šá“‚á‘˛á‘•á’Şá?Łá? á‘á“‡á?ƒá?§á?Łá?&#x; á?Šá“‚á”‘á“‡á?Ż á?Šá?˘á‘ á‘˛á?…á?Łá’‹ á‘Žá?Żá?Łá‘•á‘Żá“Żá”á? á?Šá“‚á?Ł á‘Ťá?ƒá”‘ á’Şá’‹á‘•á”á? . á?ƒá’Ş á?…á?Łá’‹ á‘á’‹ á?ąá?Łá’‹á? á?§á?ąá“‚á‘Ťá?ƒá?§á?Ł á‘˛á?ƒá”‘ á‘˛á“‡á?Šá?§á?¸á?Łá’‹á‘˛á‘Œá? , á?Żá”á‘Ž á?ƒá‘á‘? á?…á‘á’Şá‘˛á“‡á? á‘˛á?ƒá”‘á“‡á‘˛á“‡á?Šá?§á?¸á’Ľá‘Żá?Šá?§á?¨ á’Şá?Šá?§á?¨ á‘•á‘á’Œ á“€á?Łá‘•á‘˛á?§á“‚ á?ƒá’Ş á’‹á?…á?Łá’‹
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Meet five women from Kitchenuhmaykoosib who are struggling to end their addiction to oxycodone.
wawataynews.ca/node/21009 New content added!
Your views from wawataynews.ca Re: Fort Albany fights for increased food security That is very, very awesome. I enjoy reading about these kinds of initiatives. Itâ€™s very uplifting. Way to go, Fort Albany! Ashley Re: Reclaiming life When I opened up the section of the first series, I was awed by the beauty of the photos of the girls participating in the treatment program. I was then further compelled by their stories. Just the right amount of depth for readers to grasp that these ladies are real and their stories many of us could probably relate to on some level. However, upon discussing the series with people, someone made the comment to me that this can be perceived as misleading our youth. Thereâ€™s a message here that is presented by the photos: these ladies look great, is this what prescription drug abuse does? Make us look beautiful and glamorous? No. Prescription drugs takes its toll on physical appearances, attacking hair, skin, teeth and body weight. It does not make anyone look great. What about when one is going through withdrawals? They definitely do not look as good as these ladies portrayed in the series. Yes, it is admirable and courageous of these women to take the steps necessary to get clean and even have their stories publicized. But if we are going to publicize the tragic effects of prescription drug abuse in our communities in order to prevent our vulnerable youth from following the path of destruction it leads, then letâ€™s not be afraid to show what the drugs really do to our people. Anonymous Although I liked the article and these girls are very brave for exposing themselves like that especially when theyâ€™re so vulnerable but I feel you guys shouldnâ€™t put the prices of the pills in the paper. Anybody can read it and say â€œOh wow look how much they go for there I should sell over there.â€? On another note Iâ€™m kinda sick about reading about pill abuse in every paper that you guys print in Wawatay. I think your better then that. Anonymous Re: Power issues barrier to processing plant Burning diesel fuel in remote communities for electricity is just bad. Diesel electricity generation plants are very cheap to install compared to other options, including transmission. However, they are the most expensive to operate. Anonymous
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Wawatay News MARCH 3, 2011
Sophie Wassaykeesicâ€™s death under investigation Rick Garrick Wawatay News
Gary Wassaykeesic and his brother Tom Wassaykeesic are feeling positive about the Ontario Provincial Policeâ€™s investigation into the 1976 death of their mother, Sophie Wassaykeesic. â€œI just got interviewed the other week,â€? said Tom Wassaykeesic, a councillor in Mishkeegogamang First Nation. â€œI gave a statement on what little I knew about it. I just told them when I was informed about my motherâ€™s death in 1976, I said I wasnâ€™t even informed by the police themselves, it was by someone working for the band.â€? Tom Wassaykeesic said he never had any follow up from the OPP on his motherâ€™s death. â€œFor many years, other than what I was told by that band employee at the time, I never actually saw any kind of death certificate,â€? Tom Wassaykeesic said. â€œIt was last year when I wrote a letter to the person who was then the original coroner. He sent me the death certificate.â€? Tom Wassaykeesic said he was about 18 at the time when he was first told his mother had died. â€œI was helping some friends unload some firewood that day,â€? Tom Wassaykeesic said. â€œIt was in the evening towards March. The guy who came over to tell me about it, his name was Roy. Heâ€™s deceased now. It was a real shock.â€? Tom Wassaykeesic said his first concern at the time was for his two younger brothers who had still been living with his mother. â€œI wanted to make sure they were OK,â€? Tom Wassaykeesic said. â€œI guess by then they had already been apprehended by the Childrenâ€™s Aid Society.â€? Gary Wassaykeesic said the OPP investigator had asked him to help locate four people for
police interviews. â€œI was able to give him phone numbers, the whole bit, where they could be,â€? Gary Wassaykeesic said. â€œIâ€™m still in touch with quite a few people back home because of all this. So I know where quite a few of the people are who they should be looking for.â€? Gary Wassaykeesic said he is still waiting to see the original police report on his motherâ€™s death. â€œThe Elders on the reserve are starting to come forward with their stories,â€? Gary Wassaykeesic said. While his motherâ€™s death was recorded as a death by suffocation, due to alcohol, Gary Wassaykeesic said two years ago that he believes there was more to her death than what was recorded, suggesting she may have been murdered. He said he has talked to people who said they heard â€œa lot of bangingâ€? at the time she died. â€œI was in residential school when it happened,â€? Gary Wassaykeesic said. â€œI had to find out on my own. â€œWhen I did find out, they didnâ€™t tell me the details either. They just informed me that my mother was dead.â€? Gary Wassaykeesic said one of the major problems in his investigation is that the Ontario Provincial Policeâ€™s Central Patricia detachment burned down years ago along with all the information on his motherâ€™s death. OPP Det. Staff Sgt. Mark Hutchinson said in December that the case came to the OPP through the coronerâ€™s office and the OPP are following up on some of the information Gary Wassaykeesic had provided. â€œWe are going to provide a report to the coronerâ€™s office and then the coroner will make a determination if there is anything further they can do from their end,â€? Hutchinson said.
A Warm Welcome from Dryden Our Wilderness City!
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CASH & CARRY SPECIAL 10% DISCOUNT ********* ON ALL REGULAR PRICED EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES CALL FOR DETAILS
1-800-465-3930 or (807) 345-3784 612 Squier St. Thunder Bay, On
www.bazaarandnovelty.ca INSPECTION Forest Management Plan Inspection Pineland Forest 2011 â€“ 2021 Forest Management Plan The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), EACOM Timber Corporation and the Pineland Forest Local Citizen Committees (LCC) would like to advise you that the 2011 â€“ 2021 Forest Management Plan (FMP) for the Pineland Forest has been approved by the MNR Regional Director and is available for inspection. The FMP takes approximately two years to complete. During this time, five formal opportunities for public and Aboriginal involvement are provided. The fourth opportunity (Stage 4) for this FMP occurred on October 5, 2010 â€“ December 4, 2010 when the public was invited to review and comment on the draft forest management plan. This â€œStage 5â€? notice is to advise you that the MNR-approved Forest Management Plan will be available for inspection for 30 days. FMP Inspectionâ€“Final Opportunity During the 30-day inspection period, you may make a written request to the Director, Environmental Assessment Approvals Branch, Ministry of the Environment for an individual environmental assessment of specific forest management activities in the FMP. A response to a request will normally be provided by the Director, Environmental Assessment and Approvals Branch, Ministry of the Environment after the completion of the 30-day inspection period. The MNR-approved Forest Management Plan and Forest Management Plan summary are available for inspection during normal office hours for 30 days March 2, 2011 - March 31, 2011 at the following locations: t &"$0.5JNCFS$PSQPSBUJPO3FHJPOBM0GGJDF #JSDI4USFFU4PVUI Timmins, ON, Todd Little, RPF (705) 267-1000 ext. 235 t ./3QVCMJDXFCTJUFBUIUUQTPOUBSJPDBGPSFTUQMBOT 5IF0OUBSJP(PWFSONFOU*OGPSNBUJPO$FOUSFJO5PSPOUPBOE UIFBQQSPQSJBUFDPNNVOJUJFTPGUIF./3SFHJPO EJTUSJDUBOEPSBSFBPGGJDFTQSPWJEFJOUFSOFUBDDFTT
*OUFSFTUFEBOEBGGFDUFEQFSTPOTBOEPSHBOJ[BUJPOTDBOBSSBOHFBOBQQPJOUNFOUXJUI./3TUBGGBUUIFBQQSPQSJBUF./3 district or area office to discuss the Forest Management Plan. For further information, please contact:
To all members of the Northern First Nations Communities who will be travelling so far by Ice Road to visit us, we encourage you to take part in all that Dryden has to offer in the way of shopping, dining and leisure. Enjoy your stay and come often!
Kelly Ellis, RPF Area Forester Ministry of Natural Resources 190 Cherry Street Chapleau, ON P0M 1K0 (705) 864-3163
Sincerely, Mayor Nuttall and Council City of Dryden
Todd Little, RPF Plan Author EACOM Timber Corp. 823 Birch Street South Timmins, ON P4N 7E3 (705) 267-1000 ext. 235
Lou Magnuson LCC Representative Pineland Forest Local Citizens Committee PO Box 2 Foleyet, ON P0M 1T0 (705) 899-2790 ext.330
The approved Forest Management Plan will be available for the 10-year period of the Forest Management Plan at the same locations listed above. ./3JTDPMMFDUJOHZPVSQFSTPOBMJOGPSNBUJPOVOEFSUIFBVUIPSJUZPGUIF$SPXO'PSFTU4VTUBJOBCJMJUZ"DU"OZQFSTPOBM information you provide (address, name, telephone, etc.) will be protected in accordance with the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act. Your personal information may be used by the Ministry of Natural Resources UPTFOEZPVGVSUIFSJOGPSNBUJPOSFMBUFEUPUIJTGPSFTUNBOBHFNFOUQMBOOJOHFYFSDJTF*GZPVIBWFRVFTUJPOTBCPVUVTFPG your personal information, please contact Kelly Ellis, RPF at (705) 864-3163.
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MARCH 3, 2011
Developing a plan
Be ready for job opportunities: Fletcher James Thom Wawatay News
Chris Kornacki/Special to Wawatay News
Nishnawbe Aski Nation Grand Chief Stan Beardy speaks at the 2011 Nishnawbe Aski Nation Economic Summit Feb. 24. The summit looked to create a regional economic framework for NAN.
For First Nations to be economically viable, proper planning must be carried out. Nishnawbe Aski Nation executive director David Fletcher used a hunting analogy to make his point at the NAN Economic Summit Feb. 22-24. “What I learned as a young person … is before you hunt, you must be prepared,” he said. Recalling his youth, Fletcher said it was his job during a hunt to set up decoys during hunting trips. It would have been easy to shoot a few geese during the process but his father wouldn’t allow it. The time to shoot was later when everyone was ready. In the end, more geese would come to his family in Moose Cree First Nation because of the planning and patience they undertook. That mentality has stuck with Fletcher. He said proper planning will be key to ensuring NAN communities are part of Ontario’s and Canada’s economy. “The NAN economy is categorized by land,” Fletcher said, with resources being the centrepiece moving forward. But with rampant unemployment, there is currently a dependency on government money for welfare and similar programs. “It is hard to run a business when little money exists in the communities,” Fletcher said. “There is never enough money to grow and prosper.” He said something needs to change. “We need to create a vibrant economy otherwise the welfare
state remains.” And the days of reacting need to be over. “We are not prepared for development in the North,” Fletcher said. “We are always reacting.” He said in Attawapiskat, when the De Beers Victor Project was moving from concept to construction, the same thing occurred. “People reacted when the first shovel went into the ground,” Fletcher said. “It is no wonder we didn’t participate in that action. Yes, some people are working (at the Victor site) but mostly people who are extracting resources from their own land.” Should the Ring of Fire – with vast riches of resources including copper and chromium located in the traditional lands of Webequie and Marten Falls – progress, things needs to happen differently. Youth need to be trained and educated to fill the high paying jobs which are coming, Fletcher said. “There is a prediction a city the size of Sudbury will be located around the Ring of Fire within 50 years,” Fletcher said. A multitude of jobs will come in all sectors, he said. “We need to look at the big picture.” Opportunity exists in each sector of the cycle of development from permits, to exploration, construction and mitigation (clean-up). These jobs should be going to Aboriginals in the communities most affected by development, Fletcher said. For too long, national and multination companies have gotten rich off the land of the First Nations.
“Before the treaties, we were self-sufficient, networking people,” Fletcher said. “We have been bullied into complacency while the world has moved forward. Our lands have been taken (and they are) building wealth for other people.” Fletcher, also a former NAN deputy grand chief, said First Nations deserve compensation for past use of lands, but also to share in the wealth of any new development. “We have a right to a substantial part of the revenue (from projects occurring on NAN territories),” he said. “These resources are ours.” Fletcher, drawing on more than 40 years of experience in First Nation management and operation, said the onus is on First Nations people to determine how the land will bring revenue to their people. A shared understanding of how to develop the economy is needed, he said. “To make a change, we must be at the table,” he said. But a unified decision may be hard to reach. “There is a belief that Aboriginal people do things together,” Fletcher said. But it’s a misperception, he added. Traditionally, First Nations people were more nomadic; hunting and gathering as families, not as entire communities. Living in communities of 100 to a few thousand people is a barrier First Nation people must overcome, Fletcher said. “That is why unified agreements can be difficult (to sign),” Fletcher said. “Communities can be fractured. Some people are with the chief and council; some are against; and others don’t care.”
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Wawatay News MARCH 3, 2011
Ring of Fire development could move quickly: Kaszycki
Chris Kornaki/Special to Wawatay News
Christine Kaszycki expects the first Ring of Fire mine to be built in five years. The province’s appointed Ring of Fire coordinator spoke at the 2011 Nishnawbe Aski Nation Economic Summit in Thunder Bay Feb. 24.
James Thom Wawatay News
Christine Kaszycki is determined to work with First Nations to make sure no one is left out in the cold around the Ring of Fire. Kaszycki, assistant deputy minister for the Ring of Fire Secretariat with the Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry (MNDMF), promised to balance the needs of industry and First Nations if a mine is in production by 2015. Her job includes “working with the First Nation communities to ensure they have got the capacity they need to meaningfully participate and to ensure they have the right kinds of supports in place to actually engage
as this project moves forward,” Kaszycki said. She said MNDMF is listening to the communities about what they want and need from development to put the right kinds of programs and frameworks in place to allow it to happen. The province recognized the Ring of Fire – located in the traditional lands of Webequie and Marten Falls – as one of the most significant recent discoveries of minerals in the world. Speaking at the Nishnawbe Aski Nation Economic Summit Feb. 24, Kaszycki said the Ring of Fire is comparable to nickel and copper in Sudbury and the rich ore bodies in Timmins more than a century ago. Both went into production long before the days of impact ben-
efit agreements and resource benefit sharing. “It is important to be mindful that different communities have different needs and are at different stages in terms of their development,” Kaszycki said. “We need to be sensitive to individual community needs as well.” But Kaszycki understands for the Ring of Fire development to proceed, dialogue and consultation with the First Nations will be necessary. “We are currently engaged with both the Matawa Tribal Council communities and the Ring of Fire coordinator from Matawa,” Kaszycki said. She said the ministry started discussions around initiatives to benefit First Nations and aid in
training and job preparedness. These include the Northern Training Partnership Fund launched in Thunder Bay July 22. It is a three-year $45 million project to train First Nations people to fill high paying jobs during development, construction and production of a mine. “Clearly there is an expectation for significant partnership and participation in the process and we would agree with that,” Kaszycki said. “We will continue to foster those relationships and understand how we can best work together to achieve our mutual objectives.” Kaszycki was receptive to the idea of creating a protocol for consultation with the First Nations, those directly affected
like Webequie and Marten Falls, and others like Fort Albany and Attawapiskat which fall downstream from the Ring of Fire areas which could also be negatively affected by possible changes to the land and water system caused by the mine development. “Having a common understanding of what the expectation is with respect to what consultation is and working with communities will be helpful and that is certainly something we would be interested in talking to the communities about,” Kaszycki said. “It has to be respectful of the individual community’s processes and needs. We will be mindful of that as well.” Kaszycki said the Ring of Fire development is “still at the exploration stage.” “We haven’t even completed pre-feasibility yet. So there is time to ensure we have the right kinds of supports in place and to work with the communities.” Kaszycki said when production begins on the first major mine within the Ring of Fire, it will likely set off a sequence of development. “Once the exploration proceeds beyond the nickel and chromite, there could be significant opportunities for other
commodities in the region,” Kaszycki said. These include diamonds, copper, platinum, gold and zinc. “I think it is fair to say the infrastructure developments that will happen within the region will help unlock the longer-term developments in the region,” Kaszycki said. If the first mine is built within five years, as the province expects it could be, more developments could quickly follow suit, she said. Currently, both Cliffs Resources and Noront are driving toward a production timeline of 2015-16, for their respective mines. For that to happen, all the permits and environmental assessments will need to be processed and moved forward seamlessly. Kaszycki did not provide a timeline for negotiations of resource revenue sharing or impact benefit agreements with affected First Nations during her presentation. The permitting process would need to be complete by 2013 to allow for two years of construction through 2015. “We are working towards the objectives the companies have,” Kaszycki said.
Chris Kornacki/Special to Wawatay News
Adolph Rasevych from Ginoogaming First Nation questions panel members of Ontario representatives at the 2011 Nishnawbe Aski Nation Economic Summit.
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MARCH 3, 2011
Fuel hazard alarms Sachigo Abandoned gold mine doesn’t pose ‘emergency situation’ assures Ontario government Bryan Phelan Special to Wawatay News
Removal of almost a million litres of fuel from an abandoned gold mine west of Sachigo Lake First Nation will wait at least one more year, despite longstanding environmental and safety concerns. Since 2004, Sachigo Lake has unsuccessfully pressed mining companies with claims on the mine site and the province to remove the fuel, 48 kilometres away at Lingman Lake. At least ten years earlier, when it commissioned an assessment of the site, the province had been aware of the fuel stored in steel tanks at a mine camp on the northwest shore of the lake and on a bog near the mine site 1.7 kilometres inland. In the 1980s, Twin Lake Gold Mines conducted underground exploration at the Lingman Lake property, noted that report, and fuel was transported about 58 kilometres to the site by winter road from Red Sucker Lake First Nation in Manitoba to support that activity. It also warned: “One of the fuel tanks at the mine site has a leaking valve.” Now the Ministry of Northern Development, Mines and Forestry (MNDMF, formerly MNDM) plans to have a contractor deal with hazards at the site, including the fuel, next winter. First, a contract will be awarded to assess how Aboriginal and treaty rights may be affected by a future winter road for hauling the fuel and by overall rehabilitation of the site. Once that impact study is complete, inventory of all mine hazards and scrap material at the site will be taken, and the most appropriate rehabilitation plan determined. “At least after close to 20 years, something is moving right now,” Chief Titus Tait of Sachigo Lake said of MNDMF’s current plan. “We’ve been fighting for someone to look after (the fuel).” In the meantime, it will be
another anxious year for the people of Sachigo Lake, Tait said, as they fret about the possibility of a major spill of fuel and contamination of a watershed that includes lakes and rivers of Opasquia Provincial Park. They’ll worry too, as they do every summer, about what might happen if a forest fire ignites that much fuel so close to home, Tait said. “You can imagine the anxiety every year that this might happen. There’s always been talk things are going to blow up.” Contributing to their concern is evidence fuel has leaked from at least four of 18 steel storage tanks at the site. A consulting firm, Water and Earth Science Associates (WESA), inspected the tanks several times since 2006 for MNDMF. “As indicated in previous reports for the site prepared by WESA, there are visual indications of leakage” from valves or flanges on four tanks, the consultant reported in 2009. One of those tanks showed a “relatively consistent decline” in liquid levels between 2006 and ’09. A valve for another tank could not be inspected because it was flooded. “… (H)owever there did appear to be petroleum film on the water of the valve area.” The same report concluded: “Although our most recent observations indicate relatively stable conditions between 2006 and 2009 for most of the tanks, it remains our opinion that action should be taken as soon as possible to prevent continued minor leakage and to avoid a potentially major spill should one or more of the tanks become compromised.” In 2006, WESA noted there had been no tree growth between horizontal and vertical storage tanks at the mine site. “There is poor vegetative cover in this area as well and an odour of petroleum. It is speculated that this could be an indication that petroleum impacts have occurred in this area.”
Allyne Gliddon/Special to Wawatay News
Flange connections on a vertical fuel storage tank.
“You can imagine the anxiety every year that this might happen. There’s always been talk things are going to blow up.” – Chief Titus Tait on the fear that a forest fire could explode a million litres of fuel sitting about 50 kilometres outside his community Allyne Gliddon/Special to Wawatay News
Vertical fuel storage tanks with a Water And Earth Sciences Associates (WESA) representative taking samples. WESA is an environmental consulting group that found of the tanks showed a “consistent decline” in liquid levels over a three-year period.
Wawatay News MARCH 3, 2011 WESA found that five horizontal storage tanks, at least some of them designed for underground burial but instead holding diesel fuel above ground, sat directly on the ground rather than on bases. As a result, the tanks showed signs of “differential settling” – one end settling more than the other. “This creates a problem if the end that is settling is also the end which contains a valve or flange connection, because the connections are potential weak points.” WESA described this as the main risk for future spills at the site. “None of the tanks is considered to be in a state of potential catastrophic failure,” WESA stated. “However, the tanks should be emptied as soon as possible because of potential valve failure. Settling of the horizontal tanks is still occurring and leakage has occurred.” Five years later, the fuel remains. WESA previously measured about 813,000 litres of diesel fuel in tanks at the mine site, along with about 30,000 litres of water containing some diesel fuel and gasoline. It found close to another 30,000 litres of diesel at the campsite, intended for use in nearby generators. Asked last month for MNDMF’s assessment of the environmental risks to Lingman Lake and its watershed from the fuel and the potential impact of a major spill, ministry spokesperson Joanne Ghiz instead responded that rehabilitating the site as quickly as possible is the first priority. “We will continue to monitor the site until rehabilitation is complete,” she added from Minister Michael Gravelle’s office, citing past WESA inspections of the fuel tanks. It’s MNDMF’s position, said Ghiz, that WESA’s inspection tests to date determined “the
site is not yet in an emergency situation.”
Road clearing starts, stops To Sachigo Lake First Nation, however, removal of the fuel is long overdue. Even prior to WESA’s involvement, in 2002, Dennison Environmental Services conducted a detailed assessment of the site and reported to MNDM “the mining assets are in decay and some, such as the bulk diesel, present a current environmental risk.” But most of the Lingman site is privately held, including all of the largest fuel storage tanks and more than 95 per cent of the fuel, Ghiz said this February. “MNDMF could not conduct any rehabilitation measures on the privately-held portion of the site without first meeting all of the legislative requirements of the Mining Act.” In late 2005, after another site inspection, MNDM ordered Cool Minerals, as owner of mining claims at Lingman Lake, to clean up the site. “The Mining Act requires progressive rehabilitation of a site to prescribed standards,” the ministry wrote. It advised that the Timmins-based company’s top priorities should be addressing the fuel storage, and closing an uncapped mine shaft estimated to be 500 feet deep and a smaller vent opening. Cool Minerals did not comply with requirements for rehabilitation and a mine closure plan, and it’s ability to do so “does not look promising,” an MNDMF official later wrote to Sachigo Lake. It is MNDMF’s understanding the company still owns the claims at Lingman Lake even though the ministry apparently took over responsibility for rehabilitation in 2006. In December that year, Alvin Beardy, then Sachigo
chief, met in the Windigo First Nations Council boardroom in Sioux Lookout with Christine Kaszycki, the MNDMF assistant deputy minister now co-ordinating mining development in the Ring of Fire area northeast of Thunder Bay. He presented Kaszycki with a three-year plan for cleanup of the Lingman Lake site, starting with construction of a winter road between his community and the mine to remove the fuel for transport south on an existing winter road route “to an outside receiver.” Waste materials and a tanker truck would also be taken out. Soon after, MNDM and Sachigo Lake reached an agreement for the First Nation to clear and prepare a right-ofway for the proposed winter road to Lingman Lake, for use during the following winter road season. In April 2007, however, when the right-of-way had been cleared to within six kilometres of the mine, MNDMF ordered the work to stop. During consultation required for an MNR work permit for that roadwork, Red Sucker Lake First Nation raised concerns about potential impact on the Aboriginal rights of its members. The community noted one of its families holds an Ontario trapline licence for the Lingman Lake area, and the First Nation considers it part of its traditional land use area. It also expressed concern “they had not been adequately consulted regarding the project,” said Ghiz, and “they do not want a winter road to the site from anywhere other than Red Sucker Lake. “At the start of the road construction, MNDMF was not fully aware of Red Sucker Lake’s asserted interests in the area,” Ghiz added. “Ultimately construction of the winter road stopped short of entering
the area in which Red Sucker Lake has asserted its members’ rights.” The ministry paid Sachigo $440,250 for the road clearing work it did. Now, Ghiz said, “MNDMF must meet its duty to consult with potentially affected First Nations.” As another MNDMF official put it in a letter to Chief Tait: “Ontario is required to balance the need to remediate the environmental concerns” at Lingman Lake “with the interests of … First Nations.” Tait’s take? “Somewhere along the way politics came into play and that stopped the whole thing. And right now there’s still close to a million litres of fuel sitting there that’s going to potentially have an impact on the health and safety of our communities, and to the environment.”
Shared traditional territory Moses Monias and his ancestors hunted and trapped in the Lingman Lake area long before Moses secured a trapline licence for the territory in 1947, said Chief Larry Knott of Red Sucker Lake. The family’s understanding of the terms of the licence is expressed in a written document, based on information from Job Monias, son of Moses. “There will be no encroachment on the territory by others,” it states. “The Monias family must give their consent to any development in their traditional territory before that development begins.” An accompanying map pinpoints the locations of trapper cabins on Lingman Lake from the late 1940s to the 1990s. The Monias family states it should be compensated for the use of its traditional territory for “mining exploration done in 1988-91, the fishing that has been going on since the 1960s,
and for the proposed winter road development.” At the same time, the family calls on Ontario to “ensure the cleanup of fuel and hazardous materials be done as soon as possible” at Lingman Lake. Sachigo Lake First Nation, meanwhile, continues to hold commercial fishing rights to several lakes around Lingman, including Seeber Lake, said Tait. Members of his community commercial fished the lakes in the late 1960s and ’70s until it was no longer economically viable, he said. They sent their catches by float plane to a packing plant in Garden Hill, Manitoba. “That’s been our traditional territory too over the years,” Tait said of the area around Lingman Lake. “In the ’30s and the ’20s, the local community dealt with the Hudson Bay post in Island Lake (Manitoba), and people kind of settled along the way. “We share the land; everybody used that land. That was the practice years ago.” Today, four years after MNDM first said it needed to consult with Red Sucker Lake, “Talks have not progressed as far as we would like,” Ghiz said. “However, it is expected that consultation will be completed through the (upcoming) impact study.” Tait said his community has not met with Red Sucker Lake since the road clearing to Lingman Lake stopped. “We tried talking to the chief and council there (but) they’ve always said, ‘Well we’ve got nothing to do with it; it’s the trapper who holds the trapline licence.’ And you try and talk to that guy. We flew into there one time to check on some stuff there and a guy met the plane with a shotgun.” A Sachigo Lake advisor referred to this alleged incident in emails to the MNR and
MNDM staff. Chief Knott of Red Sucker said he is not aware of any such incident. The Monias family could not be reached for comment. In 2009, the Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs “strongly recommended” to MNDMF that it hire an independent facilitator to assist both First Nations in working toward remediation of the Lingman Lake site. MNDMF proposed this several times, said Ghiz, and Tait confirms the offer of mediated talks was made. “We were open to that,” he said. “I guess from the other end it didn’t work out.” Asked why Red Sucker Lake hasn’t had talks with Sachigo Lake given their shared interest in cleaning up the mine site, Chief Knott replied: “No comment there.” Last May, Minister Gravelle discussed the Lingman Lake site with Eric Robinson, deputy premier of Manitoba and the province’s minister of Aboriginal and Northern Affairs. Gravelle later expressed support of Robinson’s suggestion that the ministers meet with the chiefs of the two First Nations at the end of summer in Thunder Bay. The meeting failed to materialize. Ghiz said the impact study ahead “requires the successful consultant to provide a facilitator to work with all potentially affected First Nations.” Tait considered the prospect of the mine site finally being rehabilitated next winter, and the fuel hauled away. “The government is known to drop the ball on issues when it’s most important and that’s what’s been happening here,” he said. “I hope to hell we can get ‘er done and stop all this crap. “You can only imagine what impact it will have on the environment if this million litres of fuel starts leaking into the environment, the river system.”
Hoping for gold For a gold mine that has produced so little, the Lingman Lake Mine at times attracted a lot of interest from mining companies. When the mine operated in the 1940s, First Nations people from Bearskin Lake and Sachigo Lake in Ontario worked there, says current Sachigo Chief Titus Tait, as did others crossing the Manitoba border from Garden Hill and Shamattawa. “They never took an ounce of gold from there,” Tait says. “All the ore is stacked outside – big piles of it. I think they were planning to put a refinery there but that never happened, so it’s all just sitting there. No tailings are located on the site and there is no evidence that any ore processing was performed over the life of the property, Denison Environmental Services reported in 2002. “It appears that mineral exploration and mine development were the only activities.” From various sources, below is a chronology of activity at the site.
Allyne Gliddon/Special to Wawatay News
Horizontal tanks placed directly on the ground.
Allyne Gliddon/Special to Wawatay News
LEFT: Rocks and soil dug out from mine development. RIGHT: A mine shaft.
February 2011 – MNDMF understands Cool Minerals still to be owner of the Lingman Lake Mine site. 2010 – MNDMF unofficially informed Mr. John Leliever is interested in obtaining ownership of the site. 2005 – Sachigo Lake makes requests to two companies, Xavier Cool and Osprey Gold Corporation, to clean up diesel fuel because its unclear which company is the rightful owner of the Lingman claims. Earlier in the year, Anaconda Gold says on its website it owns a 100 per cent interest in the Lingman Lake claims, although it optioned the claims to Osprey Gold Corp. the previous year. 2004 – Sachigo Lake First Nation negotiates with Osprey Gold/ Gordon Leliever for opportunities associated with a diamond drill program. Earlier, then Sachigo Chief Alvin Beardy writes to the Minister Northern Development and Mines: “Considerable efforts to identify the title holder … have been long and convoluted and to do date no clear owner can be identified.” 2002 – No activity. The site is listed for sale on the Internet. 1998 – Wolfden Resources Inc. conducts a mapping and sampling program. 1996-97 – Echo Bay Mines Ltd. carries out exploration work. 1990-92 – Drilling and underground development programs by Twin Gold Mines. 1988-89 – A winter road is built from Red Sucker Lake First Nation to Lingman Lake, where Twin Lake Gold Mines conducts underground exploration. MNDMF believes fuel transportation to the site is done without any prior knowledge, approval or permitting from the Ontario government. Members of Red Sucker Lake are involved in the roadwork and drilling. Late 1970s – Lakelyn Mines expresses interest in developing the site. The group intends to operate … based on diesel electric power. Materials required to implement this plan are moved to the site but the project does not materialize. 1948 – Last year the mine operates.
MARCH 3, 2011
Little Bands 2011 Brent Wesley/Wawatay News
Montana Lachinette of KI-Kingfisher tries to break around a Slate Falls player during the A-side peewee final Feb. 20. KI-Kingfisher won the game 4-3.
Trenton Meekis (91), left, and Ethan Manoakeesic (96)
In A-side midget final action, Lac Seul defeated Sandy Lake 5-3.
A Michikan Lake player takes to the ice in the A-side novice championship game against Sandy Lake. Michikan lost to Sandy 7-6.
Joy Fox/Special to Wawatay News
The Kasabonika Eagles were victorious over the Weagamow Knights 10-0 in bantam action Feb. 14.
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Wawatay News MARCH 3, 2011
Lac Seul continues domination at Little Bands Brent Wesley Wawatay News
Lac Seul proved to be a powerhouse once again at this year’s Little Bands Native Youth Hockey Tournament in Sioux Lookout Feb. 14-20. In four of five age divisions, Lac Seul claimed the A-side midget, bantam and atom championships as well as the C-side peewee championship. While victory came easy for Lac Seul in the atom championship, beating Sachigo 14-6, victory was a bit harder to come by in both the bantam and midget championship games. In a repeat of last year’s midget and bantam A-side finals, Lac Seul and Sandy Lake once again faced off. The result was more of the same as Lac Seul, who won both titles last year, repeated as champions this year. In the bantam game, a third period mistake by Sandy Lake proved costly. Down 3-2, Sandy Lake was trying to tie the game with seven minutes to play. After a couple failed attempts to get into the Lac Seul zone, Sandy Lake regrouped in their own end. But an attempted pass up the middle of the ice was picked off by Lac Seul’s Brandon Stanley who then quickly fired a shot past goalie Walter Monias with just over six minutes to play.
Now down by two goals, Sandy Lake poured on the pressure only to be stonewalled by Lac Seul’s defense and goaltending the rest of the game. The final tally was 4-2 as Lac Seul skated to victory. It was Lac Seul’s fifth bantam title since 2006. Sandy Lake won the bantam championship in 2009. In midget action, it was also a close game. Trying to avenge an 11-1 blowout last year at the hands of Lac Seul, Sandy Lake put in a strong effort this year only to lose 5-4. Lac Seul got out to an early 2-0 lead in the first period. They would hold onto the lead for the rest of the game despite a strong surge by Sandy Lake to tie it up late in the game. Down 5-3 in the third period strong goaltending once again proved key to victory as Lac Seul’s Michael Bridgewater shut down Sandy Lake’s offense. Sandy Lake was able to get one goal past Bridgewater to get within one, but with only eight seconds left it wasn’t enough. It was the third time in a row Lac Seul ousted Sandy Lake in the A-side midget finals. The seven-day tournament featured 35 teams in five divisions: novice (four-seven years old), atom (eight-10 years old), peewee (10-12 years old), bantam (13-15 years old) and midget (15-17 years old).
Little Bands results Novice (four teams) A-side: Sandy Lake B-side: Weagamow Atom (six teams) A-side: Lac Seul B-side: Michikan Lake C-side: Pikangikum Peewee (eight teams) A-side: Kitchenuhmaykoosib-Kingfisher B-side: Sachigo C-side: Lac Seul Bantam (11 teams) A-side: Lac Seul B-side: MIchikan Lake C-side: Kitchenuhmaykoosib Midget (six teams) A-side: Lac Seul B-side: Kitchenuhmaykoosib C-side: Weagamow
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Brent Wesley/Wawatay News
TOP RIGHT: Lac Seul’s coach celebrates after the clock runs out as his team defeats Sandy Lake in the A-side midget final Feb. 20. BOTTOM: Lac Seul Tomahawks went on to beat Sandy Lake 4-2 to claim the A-side bantam championship. Johnathan Redsky Carpenter, surrounded by teammates, celebrates the victory.
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Process needs to be ‘fair’ from page 1 Constance Lake Chief Arthur Moore is concerned about possible changes in representation under the universal vote. “I don’t think it’s an equitable way to select a person,” Moore said, “especially when you are looking at the population factor in each region. There’s a number of communities with a high population which will affect the selection process, and I’m concerned that there wouldn’t be any proper representation.” Beardy noted during last year’s Keewaywin Conference that young people keep asking him when they, the youth, will have an opportunity to participate in the selection of NAN’s leadership. “For that reason, we keep coming back to you for further direction in terms of creating that opportunity for all our people to have a role in selecting our leadership and to have a role in deciding the government that we want to build for ourselves for future generations,” Beardy said last June during the 29th Keewaywin Conference. Kashechewan Chief Jonathan Solomon said the tribal council in his area is looking at creating a youth grand chief position to work with the youth councils in each community. “They can have a voice and be more proactive in the youth issues around the chief’s table,” Solomon said. “As a region, NAN as a whole, they need to start thinking like that because we’ve got neighbours on the eastern side of James Bay, the Quebec Cree, that have a youth grand chief. They function as an ambassador for the youth.” Solomon is looking for a final conclusion this year on how the one vote per NAN member process would work, noting he brought the issue up at the 2010 Winter Chiefs Assembly. “So far I haven’t seen any updates from that process,” Solomon said. “I’m interested to see what they are going to say at the Winter (Chiefs) Assembly in Timmins.” Solomon said the chiefs need an update so they will be prepared to make a decision at the Keewaywin Conference. “By 2011, we need to come to a final decision as leaders how we are going to proceed with that,” Solomon said. “One of the main mandates of the resolution is to look at various options on how it would work for everybody, so we won’t get into the ... argument about population or stuff like that. Let’s be creative and look at something that would work for everybody so that we can all sleep better knowing we came to a consensus as NAN on how to proceed.” Under the universal vote system, Beardy said the role of the chiefs “will still be very vital” in providing direction to the grand chief and deputy grand chiefs. “One of the questions they are looking at is structures and also who will give the mandate,” Beardy said. “Theoretically, in a democratic society, the grassroots people give their local leader direction on their priorities. It is not really possible to bring 50,000 NAN members into one setting to give one direction. In terms of priorities and trends, the chiefs will be the ones to fine tune whatever the selected mandate is on an annual basis.”
Wawatay News MARCH 3, 2011
Winter roads going well min said. The community has ordered building materials for two houses as well as five threebedroom trailers this year, he said. “We haven’t started on the housing yet. I’m hoping that starts this week,” Kamenawatamin said. Kamenawatamin said the long-term weather forecast looks good for the winter road. While Webequie’s winter road was not affected by the warm spell, it was affected by a blizzard. “It’s open – it’s in pretty good condition right now,” said Webequie Coun. Randy Jacob. “We had a blizzard last weekend so the snow was covered on the winter road. Now it’s all cleared off.” Jacob said his community has not received any supplies so far, but they are expecting some fuel supplies, materials
Rick Garrick Wawatay News
Although a warm spell in mid-February affected some winter roads for a couple of days, the roads are now back to normal. “It affected the roads for a couple of days, but it started cooling back down again so we’re back to hauling,” said Bearskin Lake Coun. George Kamenawatamin. “At this time we are moving steady except for the couple of days we paused.” Kamenawatamin said his community has not yet hauled in any fuel supplies, but they have brought in 10 of the 14 double-walled 10,000-gallon fuel tanks they had ordered for a new fuel farm. “We’re planning on setting them up temporarily as they come in so we can fill them for the fuel haul,” Kamenawata-
for six houses and a police station that is currently in Pickle Lake. “People are travelling out on the winter road,” Jacob said. “I know some people came back from Thunder Bay last night.” Deer Lake’s winter road is in good shape with many people heading out for shopping trips. “In our area the road is good,” said Deer Lake Coun. Saulas Meekis. “There are no semi-trucks yet.” Meekis said the winter road was restricted to three-quarter limits on Feb. 22, but the transport trucks were expected to be cleared shortly thereafter. “We’re getting some housing material, gas, diesel, trailers,” Meekis said. “The weather is good.” Meekis said people in his community have been buying lots of new vehicles, snow machines and boats and motors this winter road season.
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BUUIFTFMPDBUJPOT Aroland First Nation Band Office Atikokan Atikokan Native Friendship Centre Attawapiskat Northern Store Balmertown Diane’s Gas Bar 41 Dickenson Balmertown Keewaytinook Okimakanak 127 Mine Road Batchewana First Nation Band Office Bearskin Lake Co-op Store Bearskin Lake Northern Store Beaverhouse First Nation Band Office Big Grassy First Nation Band Office Big Island First Nation Band Office Big Trout Lake Education Authority Big Trout Lake Sam’s Store Big Trout Lake Tasona Store Brunswick House First Nation Band Office Calstock A & J General Store Calstock Band Office Cat Lake Band Office Cat Lake Northern Store Chapleau Cree First Nation Band Office Chapleau Value Mart Cochrane Ininew Friendship Centre Collins Namaygoosisagon Band office Collins Post Office Couchiching First Nation Band Office Couchiching First Nation Gas Bar Deer Lake Northern Store Dinorwic Naumans General Store Dryden A & W Dryden Beaver Lake Camp Dryden Greyhound Bus Depot Dryden McDonalds’ Restaurant Dryden Northwest Metis 34A King St. Dryden Robin’s Donuts Dryden Tim Hortons Ear Falls The Pit Stop Emo J & D Junction Flying Post First Nation Band Office Fort Albany Band Office Fort Albany Northern Store Fort Frances Gizhewaadiziwin Health Access Centre 1460 Idylwild Drive Fort Frances Sunset Country Metis Fort Frances United Native Friendship Centre Fort Hope Band Office Fort Hope Corny’s Variety Store Fort Hope John C. Yesno Education Centre Fort Severn Northern Store Geraldton Thunder Bird Friendship Centre Ginoogaming First Nation Band Office Grassy Narrows J.B. Store Gull Bay Band Office Hornepayne First Nation Band Office Hornepayne G & L Variety Store Hudson Grant’s Store Iskatewizaagegan 39 Independent First Nation Band Office Kapuskasing Indian Friendship Centre 41 Murdock St.
Kasabonika Chief Simeon McKay Education Centre Kasabonika First Nation Band Office Kashechewan Francine J. Wesley Secondary School Kashechewan First Nation Band Office Kashechewan Northern Store Keewaywin First Nation Band Office Keewaywin Northern Store Kenora Bimose Tribal Council 598 Lakeview Dr. Kenora Chefield Gourmet, Kenora Shoppers 534 Park St. - ON SALE Kenora Chiefs Advisory Kenora Migisi Treatment Centre Kenora Ne-Chee Friendship Centre Kenora Sunset Strip Husky - ON SALE Kingfisher Lake Omahamo Hotel Complex Kingfisher Lake Omahamo Store Kocheching First Nation Band Office Lac La Croix First Nation Band Office Lac Seul, Kejick Bay Lakeside Cash & Carry Lake Nipigon Ojibway First Nation Band Office Lansdowne House Co-op Store Lansdowne House Northern Store Long Lake #58 General Store Mattagammi Confectionary Michipicoten First Nation Band Office Migisi Sahgaigan First Nation Band Office Missanabie Cree First Nation Band Office Mobert Band Office Moose Factory Echo Lodge Restaurant Moose Factory GG’s Corner & Gift Store Moose Factory Northern Stores Moose Factory Weeneebayko General Hospital Moosonee Air Creebec Moosonee Airport Moosonee Native Friendship Centre Moosonee Northern Store Moosonee Ontario Northland Railway Moosonee Polar Bear Lodge Moosonee Tasha’s Variety Moosonee Tempo Variety Moosonee Two Bay Enterprises Muskrat Dam Lisa Beardy Muskrat Dam Muskrat Dam Community Store Musselwhite Mine Naicatchewenin First Nation Band Office Naotikamegwanning First Nation Band Office Nestor Falls C & C Motel Nestor Falls Onegaming Gas & Convenience Nicikousemenecaning First Nation Band Office North Spirit Lake Band Office North Spirit Lake Cameron Store Northwest Angle #33 Band Office Northwest Angle #37 Band Office Ochiichagwe’Babigo’ Ining First Nation Band Office Ogoki Trappers Store Ojibways of Pic River Nation Band Office Osnaburgh Band Office Osnaburgh Laureen’s Grocery & Gas
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MARCH 3, 2011
CONSTANCE LAKE FIRST NATION
FIVE NATIONS ENERGY INC. Job Posting - Chief Executive Officer (CEO)
EMPLOYMENT POSTING Ontario Works Administrator POSITION SUMMARY: The Social Services Administrator will be responsible to administer Social Assistance to members of Constance Lake First Nation. Social Assistance will be managed in accordance with the existing Provincial Legislation. The Ontario Works Program will be provided to members of the Constance Lake First Nation respecting the culture and economic aspects of the community. The Ontario Works Administrator will be responsible to report to his/her immediate supervisor, namely the Executive Director. This is a full time permanent position. JOB DUTIES: Administers the Band Welfare Program by the following activities, to name a few: a) Counseling and assisting the community members and their families in the social welfare area. b) Giving advice and information to and interviewing applicants for social assistance. c) Determining the eligibility and needs of applicants for social assistance and when eligible, by determining the amount and frequency of issues and authorization of the issuance of same. d) Direct and assist community members who may be entitles to the following benefits: disables persons allowance, old age assistance, old age security, family allowance, etc. e) Establishing & maintaining records and statistical material related to the social welfare program. Also conduct and perform various duties as outlined in the full job description (ask for copy at Band Office). QUALIFICATIONS: • Excellent communication and interpersonal skills; • Excellent organizational skills; • Sensitivity to and knowledge of needs of Aboriginal people and their aspirations; • Post Secondary Education in the Social Development field or equivalent or a minimum of 2 years in the Social Development field; • Must be willing to travel and work various hours; • Strong interview/assessment skills; • Ability to effectively supervise staff; • Ability to manage projects; • Ability to facilitate workshops; • Computer skills – Data Base, Word Perfect, Microsoft Word and Excel; • Valid Driver’s License would be an asset; • Preference of Native Ancestry would be an asset; • Ability to speak and understand Ojibway, Cree and/or Oji-Cree would be an asset DEADLINE: Friday, March 18, 2011 @ 4:00 p.m. All applicants must include a cover letter, resume with three (3) references (two employment and one character) in a sealed envelope addressed to: Monica John-George, Executive Assistant Constance Lake First Nation P.O. Box 4000 Constance Lake, Ontario P0L 1B0 Email: email@example.com Fax: (705) 463-2222 However, only those selected for an interview will be contacted. A Criminal Reference Check will be required.
CONSTANCE LAKE FIRST NATION
Five Nations Energy Inc. (FNEI) is seeking to hire a CEO, which will be located in Timmins. The CEO must relocate to Timmins if hired or when hired. The CEO will be responsible for the overall supervision, management and control, of the business and affairs of FNEI under the general direction of the Board of Directors. The CEO will be accountable for all on the “day to day” decisions regarding the Corporation’s financial, human resources, regulatory, resourcing, safety and environmental, obligations. The CEO will also be responsible for the establishment and achievement of current and longterm objectives of the FNEI organization including developing and implementing the strategic goals and objectives of the organization. With the President, will enable the Board to fulfill its governance function, and to provide direction and leadership toward the achievement of the organization’s philosophy, mission, strategy, and its annual goals and objectives. The CEO will oversee company operations to ensure internal efficiencies, outstanding quality of service to FNEI’s customers, and cost-effective management of resources. QUALIFICATIONS • The candidate must have grade 12/Post-Secondary education in Business Administration OR a minimum of 10 years of supervisory/managerial in progressively more responsible positions including a demonstrated ability to achieve goals and objectives and manage key customer/constituent relationships. • A clear demonstrated understanding of Ontario’s electricity sector including knowledge of the issues facing electricity transmission companies in Ontario. • Knowledge of the economic, social and political environment of the Western James Bay Region and/or experience with First Nations and/or knowledge of remote community realities. • Knowledge of financial management, business finance, contracts and partnership, including a history of for organization profit and loss. • Knowledge of public relations principle and practices, communication and public relation techniques, human resources principles, personnel policies & risk management. • The candidate must have proficient verbal and written English Communication skills. • Fluency in Cree language is an asset. • The candidate must be familiar with the Northern Communities and Cultural and lifestyle of Native People. • He/she must be willing to work and maintain positive working relationship with the leaders and people of the communities.
For Sale THE CEDAR CANOE; what happened to Ryan? By Kathy Tetlock. $20.00 Each. A mother searches for answers to her son’s death by suicide/cocaine overdose in Red Lake, Ontario. Order by sending an email to thecedarcanoe@live.Com or on facebook.
Pets FREE TO GOOD HOME Teacup Yorkie puppies. Current shots up to date. Both playfull with kids and other animals contact: firstname.lastname@example.org for info
TWO ENGLISH BULLDOGS free to good home, akc registered, vet checked, contact me at email@example.com
If you are interested in this position, further information on FNEI can be found at www.fivenations.ca or by contacting FNEI’s office at (705) 268-0056.
Place your classified ad here
Closing Date: April 15, 2011 at 4:30 pm Eastern Time. Please forward your application/resume with a current CPIC, and you must submit at least three references to the attention of Mr. James A Wesley, Vice-President, Five Nations Energy Inc. You may send your application by any of the following modes: By Mail: By Fax: By E-Mail:
Five Nation Energy Inc., 70-C Mountjoy St. North., Suite 421, Timmins, Ontario P4N 4V7 (705) 268 0071 firstname.lastname@example.org
Five Nations Energy Inc. is seeking a
EMPLOYMENT POSTING Community Health Nurse – Full-time OVERVIEW: The Community Health Nurse will implement a Community Health Program for Constance Lake First Nation comprised of activities such as Maternal and Child Health, Control of Communicable Diseases, Home and Community Care and support the chronically sick and elderly. PREFERRED QUALIFICATIONS: Must be a Registered Nurse in good standing with the College of Nurses of Ontario, Possess excellent computer skills including Microsoft Word and Excel Programs, Knowledge of Aboriginal Culture and Social Issues, Valid CPR and First Aid, Valid drivers license, Criminal check mandatory, Ability to communicate in Oji-Cree and/or Ojibway an asset, but not necessary. DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES: Provide active Nursing care to clients in their homes following individual care plans, Maintain accurate client records, Promote client independence by teaching client and care givers information regarding self-care, prevention, rehabilitation, and comfort measures. Assist in developing operation manuals, procedural guidelines, forms and similar documentation, Provide Pre and Post Natal Care to mothers and fathers, Coordinate and implement a School Health Program, Maintain and order medical supplies, Provide basic treatment services. Assist the Home and Community Care Case Manager & Community Health Nurse with duties and responsibilities.
Journeyperson/Substation Electrician Note: This is a re-posting.
Five Nations Energy Inc. is one of Ontario’s ½ve licensed electricity transmitters in Ontario, and operates a high voltage transmission line from Moosonee to the community of Attawapiskat along the western shores of James Bay.
Quali½cations, not limited to the following:
FNEI is a nonpro½t corporation jointly owned by the Attawapiskat Power Corporation, Fort Albany Power Corporation, and the Kashechewan Power Corporation.
Certi½ed as a rigging equipment operator such as
For further information on this job opportunity, please visit our website at: www.½venations.ca or e-mail to: adminassistant@½venations.ca
Please submit your resume, cover letter and 3 references either by mail, fax, in-person at the Jane Mattinas Health Centre or by email to: Line Pagé, Home & Community Care Case Manager/Nurse Constance Lake First Nation P.0.Box 4000 CONSTANCE LAKE, Ontario P0L-1B0 Fax: 705-463-2400 Email: email@example.com DEADLINE FOR APPLICATIONS: March 14, 2011 @4:00 p.m. While we appreciate all applicants, only those selected for an interview will be contacted. May be extended until a successful candidate is chosen.
Note: We thank all who apply, but only those selected for an interview will be contacted.
Certi½cation/Quali½cation & Experience working on
High Voltage transformer substations (132kV) to do overall testing; repair, maintenance & installation in & about transformer electrical substations and related facilities boom and bucket trucks.
Effective interpersonal communication, problem solving and leadership skills.
Note: a CPIC is required. Please forward your resume with cover letter by March 25/11 at 4:30 pm outlining your quali½cations and experience to:
Mr.Vladimir Govorov, Maintenance Supervisor Fax: (705) 268-0071 or e-mail to adminassistant@½venations.ca
Five Nations Ener gy Inc. 70-C Mountjoy Street, Suite 421, Timmins, Ontario P4N 4V7 For more information, please call: (705) 288-4535
Wawatay News MARCH 3, 2011
Poverty challenge proved too great to handle Rick Garrick Wawatay News
Valentina Herbert’s plans to live on carrots, broccoli, celery and some fruit did not work out during her five-day A Walk In Other’s Shoes: Poverty Challenge. “Oh my God, I ended up having to drop out after the third day,” said the repatriation worker at Anishinaabe Abinoojii Family Services. “My body couldn’t handle it – I was getting too many headaches and I almost passed out a couple of times.” Herbert had attempted to make it through the Week of Action Against Poverty challenge of living on $35 for five days, from Feb. 11-16, on a diet of noodles for lunch and cans of vegetable soup for supper. “It was really something — it was really hard just to live on $35 that week,” Herbert said. “It’s more expensive to buy healthy foods than junk (food).
(That) is what I realized.” Kenora-Rainy River MP Howard Hampton, three students, two registered dieticians, a bank manager, a retired police officer, a community services officer, a senior pastor and a television producer also took part in the challenge. Herbert said getting to work was not too difficult because the participants had an exception for that reason. “But other than that, we had to walk everywhere we went,” Herbert said. “I just stayed home.” In addition to living on just $35, the 12 participants were given daily challenges, such as buying a bottle of aspirin, which needed to be completed before the end of the day. “Every day we had to open an envelope,” Herbert said. “We would have to go buy medicine with our $35, but I called the Fellowship Centre to ask if they gave out free medication and they did have fever reducers for
free.” Although Herbert also received challenge cards telling her that she lost her mittens and she had a wound on her hand that was oozing, she managed to find a pair of mittens at the Salvation Army and she used some traditional medicine from a tree to treat her wound. “You know the sap that seeps out of there, you put it on your wound and that sucks out the infection,” Herbert said. The Options Committee of Making Kenora Home proposed the challenge to raise awareness and break barriers for those living in poverty and on social assistance. Herbert accepted the challenge because she sees how people have to live while on Ontario Works. “I see the people who end up on the street and having to live at the shelter because they don’t have enough money to get their own housing,” Herbert said. “You can’t even feed your
own child without anybody else helping you.” Herbert said people shouldn’t have to live in that situation. “I totally disagree (with) this system,” Herbert said. “I think it makes them feel more depressed because they feel helpless when it comes to not having enough food to feed their children or (provide) clothing.” While some of the other challenge participants had food such as white rice and beans left over after the five days, Herbert noted that her vitaminB deficiency peaked during her three days on the challenge and she had to be treated by a physician. “I never thought (the challenge) would affect (the vitamin-B deficiency), but it sure did,” Herbert said. “I went backwards on that because I had to get injections. I had to go back and get it levelled.” After completing three days of the challenge, Herbert would
like to see more help for those who live in poverty and on social assistance. “The government needs to do something about it because
when we were there, all these homeless people ... were really appreciative that we lived like them because it’s like nobody understands,” Herbert said.
Valentina Herbert lasted three days on the $35 A Walk In Other’s Shoes: Poverty Challenge. “Oh my God, I ended up having to drop out after the third day. My body couldn’t handle it.”
Province hopes to energize forest industry James Thom Wawatay News
The province plans to “reenergize” the forest sector to create new jobs and attract investment. The proposed Ontario Forest Tenure Modernization Act was introduced Feb. 23. If passed, the act would change the forest tenure system – how Crown land is licensed to mills for use. The cost of wood could rise or drop with supply
and demand. The proposed legislation would keep the government’s authority to manage forests, while allowing more companies to get involved in the forest sector. The act will provide support for two new forest management models – Local Forest Management Corporations and Enhanced Shareholder Sustainable Forest Licences. The Local Forest Management Corporations would be
SIOUX LOOKOUT FIRST NATIONS HEALTH AUTHORITY Primary Health Care Unit INTERNAL/ EXTERNAL POSTING Contracts Supervisor One (1) Full Time Position Location: Sioux Lookout
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY POSITION: Land Use Planning Manager LOCATION: Timmins, Ontario CLOSING DATE: Thursday, March 10 at 4:00pm SUMMARY OF POSITION: Reporting to the Director of Lands and Resources, the Land Use Planning Manager will be responsible for leading the land use planning project. The Manager will be involved in the selection and supervision of staff as well as the development and maintenance of budgets and program plans. The Manager will also be responsible for the development of proposals and fulfillment of contracts. Overall the Manager will ensure that Mushkegowuk First Nations are aware of and involved in the planning process and that the planning process proceeds according to First Nation direction. This posting is a summary only; a full job description is available at www.mushkegowuk.ca Please submit a resume and covering letter with three (3) references to: Lands and Resources Director (marked “confidential”) Mushkegowuk Council 36 Birch Street South Timmins, ON P4N 2A5 Phone: (705) 268-3594 Fax: (705) 268-3282 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Sioux Lookout First Nations Health Authority requires a contracts supervisor that will oversee the administration requirement of contracts within the organization and will oversee the scheduling and billing components of physician services. QUALIFICATIONS • A Bachelor Degree in Human Resource Management and Administration and/or Certified Human Resources Professional (CHRP) is preferred. • A combination of experience consisting of 2 years of managerial or healthcare administration, operational experience in human resource management may be considered; • Knowledge of computers including word processing, spreadsheets, e-mail and website development; • Exceptional organizational & multi-tasking skills; • Excellent communication skills, both verbal and written; KNOWLEDGE AND ABILITY • Knowledge of organizational policies, procedures and systems; • Knowledge of recruitment practices, organizational promotion and marketing; • Knowledge of employment legislation and compensation practices; • Ability to take initiative and to exercise independent judgment, decision-making and problem solving expertise. • Ability to work with deadlines and changing priorities; • Some Travel will be required; • Ability to speak Oji-Cree, Ojibway and/or Swampy Cree is a definite asset. Please send cover letter, resume, three most recent employment references and an up to date Criminal Reference Check: Human Resource Department P.O. Box 1300, 61 Queen Street SIOUX LOOKOUT, Ontario P8T 1B8 Tel: 807-737-1802 Fax: 807-737-2969 Closing Date: March 7, 2011 Email: Human.Resources@slfnha.com The Health Authority wishes to thank all applicants in advance. However, only those granted an interview will be contacted. For additional information regarding the Health Authority, please visit our website at www.slfnha.com
government agencies that manage Crown forests and oversee the sale of the timber in a given area. Enhanced Shareholder Sustainable Forest Licences would consist of a group of mills and/ or harvesters that would join together to create a new company to manage Crown forests licensed to them. According to a provincial press release, the two models would help make Ontario’s timber supply and prices more
responsive to market demand, create new business opportunities for entrepreneurs, and facilitate greater local and Aboriginal participation in the sector. “Tenure reform offers enormous potential and more meaningful participation by Ontario First Nations,” said Pic River First Nation Chief Roy Michano. “Economic and employment ventures will create ownership and true partnerships from Ontario forests in traditional territories across the province.”
Town of Sioux Lookout Non-Profit Housing Corporation Candidate for Board of Directors The Town of Sioux Lookout Non-Profit Housing Corporation provides both market value rental and low cost rental housing in the Municipality of Sioux Lookout. The Housing Corporation is dedicated to the provision of safe, affordable, quality housing to people of all ages. The corporation has 44 housing units dedicated to senior citizens, 8 units dedicated to low-income singles, and the remaining 102 units provided for family housing. We are seeking volunteers who would like to submit their names for consideration for appointment to the Board of Directors. The Town of Sioux Lookout Non-Profit Housing Corporation is a not-for-profit corporation. The board manages and governs the affairs of the corporation including: • Pass By-laws • Monitor use of funds and assets • Ensure compliance with legislation, regulation an directives • Ensure the Housing Corporation is managed in an efficient and effective manner • Establishing goals and objectives for the Housing Corporation consistent with it’s mandate and responsibilities For further information please call 737-1043. If you would like to be considered for an appointment to the Town of Sioux Lookout Non-Profit Housing Corporation Board of Directors, please submit a letter of interest by March 8, 2011 to: Town of Sioux Lookout Non-Profit Housing Corporation P.O. Box 1805 Sioux Lookout, Ontario, P8T 1C5 Attention: Board of Directors
MARCH 3, 2011
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Wawatay News MARCH 3, 2011
Motivating youth through hockey Rick Garrick Wawatay News
Lac Seul’s Mike Auksi is sharing his hockey skills with youth in Gull Bay through Motivate Canada’s GEN7 messenger program. “My last visit we had some on-ice programming and it went really well,” said the former University of Toronto defenceman. “I’ve got even more tricks up my sleeve for working with the young people.” Auksi, who has also played for the Lac Seul Eagles as a winger, began visiting the Superior Robinson community in early December to promote healthy lifestyles through sport as a GEN7 messenger. His fourth and most recent visit took place Feb. 26.
“Basically I have to start rehearsing plays at top speeds in my mind, because it’s going to be even faster than the games I’ve been playing now.” – Mike Auski
GEN7 messengers are Aboriginal athletes, peer leaders and mentors who engage, connect, educate and lead Aboriginal youth in a process of self-discovery. They visit Aboriginal communities three to six times a year to engage youth through empowerment and sport activities and to foster community development through lessons in leadership and teambuilding. “My goal is simply to pass along the pride I have in my Ojibway-Estonian cultures and the joy I find in life through sport,” Auksi said, noting his father is from Lac Seul and his mother is of Estonian descent from Toronto. During his Jan. 28 visit, Auksi brought $18,000 worth of junior hockey equipment, including youth skates, sticks, helmets and hockey pants. Nick Vescio of Big Hearts 4 Fresh Starts donated the equipment.
During his earlier visits, Auksi helped youth in the community clean up and flood the community’s ice rink. Auksi said it is tricky to teach the youth about hockey when some of them do not have hockey sticks and their ages range from five years old to 15. “What I generally do, with the support of one of the teachers in the community and one of the police officers, is run some drills,” Auksi said. “But I do like to circulate and get some one-on-one or get into some small groups to talk to the young people about what sports can do for them.” Auksi also likes to be open about substance use awareness with the youth, noting he used to smoke, drink and use marijuana but has since changed his lifestyle. During his latest visit, Auksi focused on nutrition planning, lots of fun games on and off the ice and circuit training on the ice. “My goal is to bring in some better nutrition choices,” Auksi said. “If I can say try this snack, celery with natural peanut butter or almond butter with no salt, that’s a good healthy snack. Or if I can show some of the older youth how to bake sweet potatoes, these are super healthy foods.” While Auksi played hockey overseas in the Czech Republic last year, it never worked out for him. “That was discouraging in itself, but with my Estonian citizenship I’ve contacted the Estonian national hockey team and it looks like I will be going to Europe for the entire month of April,” Auksi said. Auksi is currently training for the World Hockey Championship by going on a rigorous diet and exercise plan to increase his performance. “I’ve never been more motivated in my life,” Auksi said. “Basically I have to start rehearsing plays at top speeds in my mind, because it’s going to be even faster than the games I’ve been playing now.” For any person or any community interested in joining Motivate Canada, Auksi suggests checking out the www. motivatecanada.ca website.
MARCH 3, 2011
Wolfpack bags a victory
James Thom/Wawatay News
Jared Sugarhead (44) skates through the neutral zone during the Neskantaga Wolfpackâ€™s 7-6 victory over the KO Mozeeks to win the B-side final of the Aboriginal Hockey League in Thunder Bay. The hard-fought, back and forth game was played Feb. 23 at the Fort William First Nation Arena. The league final will be played March 9.
Little NHLers honouring Jonathan Cheechoo Russ Thom Special to Wawatay News
The 2011 Little Native Hockey League (LNHL) will remember faces from the past. â€œThis year is the 40th tournament,â€? Vicky Corbiere, tournament coordinator. â€œEvery five years we have the LNHL Alumni Hall of Fame Awards where players and builders are inducted into the Hall of
Fame. This year we (also) have a friends of the LNHL category chosen from long time continued supporters and the companies.â€? Players Jonathan Cheechoo, who started off playing in this tournament representing Moose Factory and rose to fame at the National Hockey League level with the San Jose Sharks, Kathryn Corbiere and Dave Avery will be honoured during
the tournament. Five builders of the tournament will be recognized. They include Elder George Frances, an LNHL executive member for many years, Anishinabek Nation Grand Council Chief Patrick Madahbee, who helped build the tournament, the late Henry and Margaret Shawanda, who provided many years of dedication to hockey, and the late David Enosse, a
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opening ceremony â€Ś at Sudbury Arena,â€? Corbiere said, not wanting to give away all the details. Entertainment will come from Anishinaabemowin Fiddle, Shania Twin and drum groups. The hockey action will begin March 14 at arenas across the City of Greater Sudbury. The division finals will be played at the Sudbury Arena
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March 3, 2011 Northern Ontario’s First Nation Voice since 1974
Joey McKay, KI health director
‘I am Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug’ Reclaiming life – Part III In the final part of this three-part series, meet the frontline workers who are fighting for the lives of addicts in one remote northern Ontario community. Story by Adrienne Fox Photos by Brent Wesley
I lost my son through homicide.” Genosa Sainnawap’s voice wavers. “Somebody came and took my son.” Sainnawap’s son was murdered 12 years ago. He was 18. He was also her only son. The pain is still fresh. You can see it in her eyes. It’s also the driving force behind her need to help members of her community who are addicted to oxycodone. She says oxys are like the killer that took her son. “It’s as if somebody comes and takes the whole being of that good person and that person has nothing now – just suffers with the rest of the family and the community. “I want to fight for those people that want to get better.” Sainnawap has been making good on her promise for the past four years, beginning with her work as the community’s National Native Alcohol and Drug Abuse Program
(NNADAP) worker. It’s that role that gave Sainnawap a front row seat to the quick invasion of oxycondone addiction. During her second year as the NNADAP worker Sainnawap began seeing a change in her clients. “I sensed the people were low in spirit. They didn’t want to do anything. They didn’t want to work. They didn’t want to go to school, yet they were seeing me. “There was something but they weren’t telling me anything. Sainnawap By the third year, her clients began to open up to her one-by-one. They told her they were taking a medication known as OxyContin. It’s a legal opiate medication prescribed for relief
of pain. But Sainnawap’s clients had found another use for it. Starr Nanokeesic-Sainnawap is a 33-yearold mother still struggling to rid herself of her addiction to oxycodone. “I remember it clearly,” she says of her first oxy high. “I was just starting my snorting at that time. And it just took one time. And after that I’ve just been stuck. I really regret it. I still crave it when I get up. I still dream about it.” It’s a strong addiction says Carol VanEvery. She’s the nurse-in-charge at the nursing station in KI. She’s witnessed the medical results first-hand. “Their addiction is the only thing on their mind. They let other things go.” VanEvery is noticing stark changes in the health and well-being of people in KI. And it’s most noticeable in the amount of
babies being born. VanEvery says clinic staff would have up to 25 prenatal visits each month. Those visits have dwindled to as low as eight per month. She says more women are either miscarrying or aborting their pregnancies. It’s a ‘damned if you do and damned if you do’ scenario she explains. “When people are on oxys and … if a (pregnant woman) stops suddenly then that can cause her to miscarriage and if they stay on (oxycodone) then that can also cause a miscarriage.” VanEvery says addicts also lose a lot of weight because buying and preparing food is not high on their priority list. And there has also been a “huge increase” in sexually transmitted diseases like Chlamydia and gonorrhea. See FINANCIAL page B6
MARCH 3, 2011
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For more information contact Chris Kornacki toll free at 1-888-575-2349 or visit www.wawataynews.com/health4everyone
MARCH 3, 2011
Diabetic condition shuts down eye of LU professor Rick Garrick Wawatay News
Lakehead University professor Dolores Wawia is recovering from a rare diabetic complication of the eye – third nerve palsy. “At the end of October I woke up on a Saturday morning and my eyelid was drooping,” said the longtime Faculty of Education member. “I couldn’t see very well so I looked in the mirror and my eye was closing shut.” Wawia went the local emergency department and was given a CAT scan and an MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) in case she had suffered a stroke, but everything was normal. “They said, no, the eye had just froze right down,” Wawia said. “It wouldn’t move up or down or sideways. The eyelid had closed to protect it.” Wawia said the doctor told her it was diabetes related, as did her optometrist two days
later. She was told nothing could be done and it would take three months to heal. Wawia then went to an eye specialist, who gave her the same diagnosis. Third nerve palsy is a condition of the third cranial nerve that supplies nerve signals to muscles responsible for eye movement. It also affects muscle in the upper eyelid leading to a drooping upper eyelid. The third nerve can be injured anywhere along its path from the brain to the muscles. Her next move was to see a diabetes specialist who examined her eye and asked her to do some eye exercises with the affected eye. “I couldn’t move my eye,” Wawia said. “It wouldn’t turn, it wouldn’t blink, it wouldn’t do anything.” She said the diabetes specialist agreed it was third nerve palsy, but he also told her after healing the eyelid would even-
Feds commit $14.2M to First Nation housing Several northwestern Ontario First Nations received funding for new homes and renovations of older ones Feb. 16. Eagle Lake, Kasabonika, Naotkamegwanning (Whitefish Bay), Northwest Angle #37, Wauzhushk Onigum and Eabametoong will receive part of the $14.2 million in funding Kenora MP Greg Rickford announced during the First Nation Northern Housing Conference in Thunder Bay. “Today’s investment will provide quality, affordable housing while creating jobs and stimulating the local economy,” Rickford said. Acting Chief Harry Papah of Eabametoong First Nation is grateful for the $940,000
provided to his community. The money will be used to build new housing units in Eabametoong for low rental homes. “These new housing units will go a long way to alleviate the backlog in families needing shelter,” Papah said. Some of the $14.2 million provided through Canada’s Economic Action Plan will be made available to First Nation communities in Ontario to address immediate housing needs. The Canadian Housing and Mortgage Corporation will allocate $8 million to renovate and retrofit 577 units and $6.2 million will be used to subsidize 29 new housing units for on reserve housing in Ontario. - JT
Funding for northern First Nations Big Grassy Couchiching Eabametoong Eagle Lake Fort William Ginoogaming Kasabonika Lac La Croix Naotkamegwanning Northwest Angle #37 Pic River Red Rock Taykwa Tagamou Wahgoshig Wasauksing Weenusk
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tually open up again. “So I said, ‘can I drive,’ and he said ‘no, it will put a strain on your good eye,’” Wawia said. To protect her eye while it healed, the diabetes specialist gave her an eye patch to wear. “Two months later my eyelid slowly hoisted up, slowly moved up until it opened up,” Wawia said. “I had to leave the patch on because my eyes wouldn’t focus properly.” Wawia returned to the eye specialist at the end of January three months after the third nerve palsy had originally set in. “The eye was completely functioning now, opening up and blinking and all that,” Wawia said. “I said ‘what should I do about the patch’ and he said ‘take it off.’” Wawia said for the first two or three hours her eyes had a “tough time” focusing and she couldn’t achieve proper equilibrium, but in the afternoon “all of a sudden my eyes focused properly.”
Rick Garrick/Wawatay News
Lakehead University professor Dolores Wawia wears her eye patch one final time at her office in the Bora Laskin building. The Gull Bay band member had to wear the eye patch for more than three months due to third nerve palsy.
INSPECTION Public Notice Approved 2011–2012 Annual Work Schedule Abitibi River Forest (Formerly Cochrane Area Forest) Public Inspection of Annual Work Schedule The Cochrane District of the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) has approved Abitibi River Forest Management Inc.’s 2011–2012 Annual Work Schedule (AWS) for the Abitibi River Forest (formerly referred to as the Cochrane Area Forest). The AWS will be available for public inspection at the Cochrane, Kirkland Lake, and Timmins District Offices, the office of First Resource Management Group Inc., and the Ministry of Natural Resources’ public website at ontario.ca/forestplans beginning March 15, 2011. Scheduled Forest Management Operations The AWS describes forest management activities such as harvest, road construction and maintenance, site preparation, tree planting, and tending operations that are scheduled to occur on the Abitibi River Forest between April 1, 2011 and March 31, 2012. In most cases, site preparation and tending operations involve the aerial application of herbicides to control competing vegetation. The MNR has reviewed the AWS to ensure that activities are consistent with the approved Forest Management Plan. The following forest access roads are proposed for decommissioning; Balsam Road South (Swartman Township) Boundary Road (Swartman Township) Harris Lake Road (Swartman Township) Muskeg Road (Edwards Township) Park Road (McQuibban Township) Pioneer Road (McQuibban Township) Potter Road (Swartman Township) Pouce Road (McQuibban Township) Sunset Road (Sangster Township) Swartman Creek Road (Swartman Township) Swartman Lake Road (Swartman Township) Branch Road, A104 (Tomlinson Township) Tree Planting and Fuelwood First Resource Management Group Inc. is responsible for tree planting on the Abitibi River Forest. Please contact First Resource Management Group Inc. for information regarding tree planting job opportunities. For information on the locations of and licence requirements for obtaining fuelwood for personal use, please contact the Cochrane, Timmins or Kirkland Lake District Offices. For commercial fuelwood opportunities, please contact First Resource Management Group Inc. More Information The approved AWS and any subsequent revisions will remain available for public inspection throughout the one-year duration of the AWS. For more information on the AWS or to request an AWS operations summary map, please contact: Ministry of Natural Resources
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Stephen Foley, RPF Cochrane District Office P.O. Box 730, 2-4 Third Avenue Cochrane, ON P0L 1C0 tel: 705-272-7129 fax: 705-272-7183
Bill Vanschip, RPF Kirkland Lake District Office P.O. Box 910, 10 Government Road Kirkland Lake, ON P2N 3K4 tel: 705-568-3243 fax: 705-568-3200
Mac Kilgour, RPF Timmins District Office 5520 Highway 101 East South Porcupine, ON P0N 1H0 tel: 705-235-1320 fax: 705-235-1377
Paul Fantin, RPF First Resource Management Inc. P.O. Box 550 Englehart, ON P0J 1H0 tel: 705-544-2828 fax: 705-544-2921 Renseignements en français: 705-272-7155 Cochrane; 705-568-3222 Kirkland Lake; 705-235-1314 Timmins
MARCH 3, 2011
Training Rangers â€˜one of the best jobs in the armyâ€™ Peter Moon Special to Wawatay News
Warrant Officer Gary DesRoches has had a satisfying 31 years in the Canadian Forces. His career has seen him serve nine years in Germany, four tours in Bosnia, and the rare distinction of winning the Queenâ€™s Medal for Champion Shot, the militaryâ€™s top honour for shooting. But he said his last 18 months as an instructor with 3rd Canadian Ranger Patrol Group has given him â€œone of the best jobs Iâ€™ve had in the army.â€? Itâ€™s a job that takes him on a regular basis to Moose Factory, Fort Albany, Kashechewan and Attawapiskat. He is one of five army instructors who train Rangers in 19 communities in northern Ontario. He spends as much as 180 days a year in the north. â€œIâ€™m happy,â€? DesRoches said. â€œI like my job. When I am up north I am alone and I enjoy it. Youâ€™re on your own, itâ€™s your work plan, and you either make it or break it. â€œThe Rangers really know the land and Iâ€™ve learned a lot from them,â€? he said. â€œThe way they live in the bush is much different from a soldier. Their survival skills are more enhanced than ours. Theyâ€™ve all had life and death experiences. And just sitting down and listening to them itâ€™s amazing some of the situations theyâ€™ve got themselves out of with their survival skills. Every time I go north I learn a little bit more from them.â€? His task is to give the Rangers basic military skills to enhance their traditional skills and their usefulness to the
Sgt. Peter Moon, Canadian Rangers/Special to Wawatay News
Warrant Officer Gary DesRoches, centre, with Master Cpl. Stanley Stephens, left, and Ranger Lanny Ferris and snared snowshoe rabbits. Canadian Forces. â€œTheir organizational skills are not as strong as ours in the military,â€? he said. â€œBut theyâ€™re getting there.â€? He may spend as much as half a month in the north visiting one or more of his four communities. â€œSome communities have no accommodation for visitors
and I have to work around that. Kashechewan has no hotel so I try to get into the quarters at the nursing station. Itâ€™s a challenge sometimes.â€? During the winter, DesRoches does a lot of driving going from the Canadian Forces Base in Borden to Cochrance, then by train to Moosonee with his vehicle and then driving by
winter road to the communities. â€œMy first trip on the winter road was an experience. I could have skated all the way to Attawapiskat there was so much ice on it. In the summer I fly into my communities.â€? In the winter it is not uncommon to experience temperatures that drop to â€“50 C. â€œThatâ€™s fairly cold,â€? he said,
â€œespecially with the wind coming off James Bay all the time. The wind adds to the wind chill.â€? As a former Queenâ€™s champion shot he trained the Ranger team representing Ontario that competed in last yearâ€™s Canadian Forces Small Arms Competition. It was the only all-Aboriginal team in the com-
petition. It won the top award for competitive rifle shooting by Rangers from across Canada. It also won an Ontario Rifle Association championship. Sgt. Peter Moon is the public affairs ranger for 3rd Canadian Ranger Patrol Group at Canadian Forces Base Borden. See www.canadianrangers.ca.
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Rick Garrick/Wawatay News
Attorney General Chris Bentley, left, helped break ground on the new Thunder Bay Consolidated Courthouse Feb. 24 along with Northern Development, Mines and Forestry Minister Michael Gravelle, second from left, Fort William First Nation Counc. Ian Bannon, Thunder Bay Police Insp. Andy Hay, Thunder Bay Mayor Keith Hobbs and Nishnawbe Aski Nation Elder Josias Fiddler.
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MARCH 3, 2011
Rangers talk about their work and life in the North Peter Moon Special to Wawatay News
A Canadian Ranger exhibit staffed by six Rangers from northern Ontario was a major contributor to the success of a Canadian Forces display at the annual Winterlude festival in the nation’s capital. The Ranger exhibit, featuring a tipi, snowmobile, allterrain vehicle and a freighter canoe, was a major attraction in Jacques Cartier Park, located in Gatineau, Que., across the Ottawa River from the Parliament buildings in Ottawa. Winterlude takes place over three weekends in February. It is one of the biggest winter festivals in the world and attracts an estimated 850,000 visitors. Cpl. Judy Meekis of Sachigo Lake said she was kept busy answering visitors’ questions about what the Rangers do and about life in northern Ontario. “They don’t know how we live or what the Rangers do in the north,” she said. “They ask me if we still live in tipis, what we eat, and some of the little kids ask me, ‘How are Aborigi-
nals made?’ “I tell them that groceries in the North are very expensive and I tell them we go fishing and moose hunting. Then they begin to realize how isolated Sachigo is. I’ve met people here from Poland, Chile, the United States and pretty much from all over.” The Ranger snowmobile, ATV and freighter canoe were popular photo opportunities. They had long line-ups with parents waiting to take pictures of their children on them. Many visitors had never seen one before and were amazed to learn they are standard means of travel in much of northern Ontario. “The Canadian Rangers are a unique part of the Canadian Forces that a lot of people don’t necessarily have a lot of awareness of and exposure to,” said Lt. Indira Thakorie, a public affairs officer. “So it’s always a great idea to have them as part of any military display. “People love the vehicles – the snowmobile and the ATV. And, believe it or not, they love the IMPs (military individual
meal packs) that are on display inside the tipi, especially when they hear they have a 10-year shelf life and that you can eat bread that is 10 years old. And the kids always steal the candy and the gum inside them.” Master Cpl. Ryan Kaminawash of Sachigo Lake was interviewed by APTN and talked about the exhibit on the network’s national newscast. A local radio station also interviewed him. It is the sixth year Canadian Rangers from northern Ontario have been a major part of the Canadian Forces display at Winterlude. Other Rangers who participated in the exhibit were Master Cpl. John Sutherland of Kashechewan and Rangers Leroy (L.J.) Ineese of Moose Factory, Sarah Sutherland of Constance Lake, and Paul Wesley of Moose Factory. Sgt. Peter Moon is the public affairs ranger for 3rd Canadian Ranger Patrol Group at Canadian Forces Base Borden. See www.canadianrangers.ca.
Peter Moon, Canadian Rangers/Special to Wawatay News
Ranger Leroy (L.J.) Ineese of Moose Factory had fun testing himself on a children’s obstacle course at the Canadian Forces display at Winterlude. ABOVE: Ranger Sarah Sutherland with children who were fascinated by seeing their first freighter canoe.
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Financial pressures from page B1 “Usually we have little circles going around and usually it’s around broomball or a hockey tournament. But since the fall we’ve had a big increase and we decided it’s related to the girls selling themselves.” And it’s that kind of low point that drives oxy addicts into treatment. Genosa Sainnawap began working for the Mamow Against Drugs Healing Program in December 2010. It’s a community-driven program that provides detoxification and counselling to six participants for 25 days. The program alternates between men and women intakes and includes traditional landbased activities. Sainnawap says by the time participants walk through the centre’s treatment doors, they’re usually at their lowest point. “I see their pain – physically, mentally, spiritually, emotionally – the whole being. They’re very, very sick. They look so pathetic. Your heart goes out to them.” VanEvery says the physical pain starts during withdrawal from oxycodone. She says it’s a deep bone pain accompanied by restlessness. That’s what participants face in
their first week of treatment. Only those who have applied and undergone a medical assessment are accepted into the Mamow program. Once in the program, participants are medically monitored through weekly visits to the clinic. They are also given medications to help alleviate symptoms of withdrawal.
odi Albany is the in-house counsellor and after-care worker for the Mamow treatment program. She says the program is needed but it’s an uphill battle for addicts. Often when participants of the program begin reintegration week – which takes place the last week of treatment – they venture back into the community on their own and are faced with the temptation of returning to oxycodone use. This angers Albany. “People will offer it to (program participants) for free. It really pisses me off when I hear that because they know the suffering (participants) have to go through in order to get where they are. “And then once they leave, these people that say they care about them turn around and offer them that drug.” “They kick them right back down.”
Chief Donny Morris
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Albany says the drug surrounds former oxy users once they leave treatment. “It’s everywhere,” she says. But the healing program is a first step, she says, to addressing a blight that is slowly destroying her community. “Some of them are going to relapse and fall but the clients need to know that just because they fall down doesn’t mean they have to stay down. They have to know that they have to keep trying and one day they’ll get it.” Albany isn’t ignorant about addiction. She struggled with addiction to alcohol. “I’ve gone for treatment three times. It took me three times to finally get it.” The oxycodone addiction is a widespread problem that Chief Donny Morris isn’t shying away from. “As chief, it’s something I can’t ... say ‘I don’t see it.’ ” And Morris says in addition to the social impacts, his community is facing financial pressures too. “We’re spending a lot of money trying to confiscate these things.” Morris says they’ve had to spend more on airport security and now with the winter road season open, more money on securing winter roads going in and out of KI. And it’s an added cost that isn’t covered under their contribution agreement with Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. “I think we’re doing our best providing safety for the community. But when you have below 30 temperatures can we really search everything when we’re outside in the cold? I don’t think so. I think some items just pass through.” Morris says drug dealers are getting innovative too by disguising everyday grocery items, using fake pop cans and soap bottles.
He says (oxycodone use) was also taking a toll on band administration. A memo hanging in the KI health office is testament to Morris’ frustration. The memo tells staff they are prohibited from using band owned vehicles to “frequent” known drug dealer homes. “It’s a whole new economy and we can’t handle it,” Morris says. “It’s a rich business that just suddenly surfaced.” He says some community members will travel outside the community for holidays or business and then purchase 80-milligram oxycodone tablets for $5 or $10 in places like Thunder Bay. The same tablets are then sold in KI for $600 each. And Morris believes the only way drug dealers can be deterred is if communities start telling each other who is suspected of dealing oxycodone. “We have to collect information and pass it through to the Thunder Bay drug unit.”
MARCH 3, 2011
community members concerned about oxycodone abuse – often used her own money to keep the treatment centre afloat. “When I get paid and the program needs something, I’ll give it. I just never thought anything to receive anything back because I Sainnawap see something building.” There have been 16 people so far that have successfully graduated the program. “I’ve seen (the program) build from nothing to what it is now.” Sainnawap says the strength of the program lies in the people. And its effects are beginning to show, says Joey McKay. He’s the community health director. In addition to teaching McKay patience, he says the program
has taught him to have hope even when it didn’t seem to exist. “It’s changed my view of the community – our community. It’s made me realize we are a resilient people. We’ve gone through a lot. This is just another hurdle that we have to go through. And it’s going to make us stronger.” McKay says he’s a strong believer in his community. “We don’t have to feel hopeless.
We don’t have to feel down or to feel so overwhelmed that we cannot change.” He says KI is not just a name of a community, it’s the name of a nation. “I am KI,” he says. “I am Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug.”
ut despite all that, Morris believes in his community. “We have to work on our own people. Try and instill pride in them, make them see who they really are and push from there.” Melissa Sainnawap is the Mamow Against Drugs coordinator. She was instrumental in getting the community’s treatment centre started. She says it was a strong belief in KI’s people that motivated her to address the community-wide addiction. “When there’s barriers, we don’t even consider them. There’s just other options to consider. We’ve never been stuck in anything and never complained we never had money.” Sainnawap, like all the other members of the Mamow Against Drugs Committee – a group of
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MARCH 3, 2011
Wawatay Radio Network presents... Live play-by-play action of the
2011 Northern First Nations Hockey Tournament March 14 to 20
Support your favourite team or teams by sponsoring a game so we can bring the action to your home.
WRN 89.9FM Sioux Lookout Bell ExpressVu Channel 962 Online streaming and updated scores at www.wawataynews.ca
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SPONSORSHIP FORM 2011 Northern First Nations Hockey Tournament The Northern First Nations Hockey Tournament is once again happening from March 14th to the 20th, 2011 in Sioux Lookout. Wawatay Radio Network will, once again, be broadcasting live play-by-play coverage of this Big Event. Only because of your generous sponsorships are we able to broadcast the Tournament. Please support your favorite team or teams from your area. WAWATAY Radio Network is pleased to hear of your potential sponsorships. In order to proceed will you please take a moment to ﬁll out the form below and fax it to (807) 737-3224 or (807) 737-1403. Yes, I wish to sponsor live play-by-play action of the Northern First Nations Hockey Tournament for: ____________________________________________________ Game/Hour at $150.00 per team. For Community: _________________________________________________________________ Team Name: _________________________________________________________________ # of games: _________________________________________________________________ Name of Sponsor: _________________________________________________________________ Send the invoice to: _________________________________________________________________ (your address) _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Or payable to: Wawatay Radio Network (Sponsorships) Play by Play Hockey Live Coverage c/o Wawatay Native Communications Society P.O. Box 1180 Sioux Lookout, Ont. P8T 1B7 AUTHORIZED SIGNATURE: ____________________________________________________________ Purchase Order # (If applicable): ______________________________________________________
You can listen to the live play-by-play action on
89.9FM or across Canada on Bell TV channel 962 or online at www.wawataynews.ca, streaming it LIVE!
MARCH 3, 2011
Open Letter to the Community from the Sioux Lookout Meno Ya Win Health Centre
James Thom/Wawatay News
Lori Rice, Hydro One Remote Communities CARE officer, shows an energy efficient light bulb. The bulb also works in dimmer-switch light fixtures. Rice spoke during the First Nations 2011 Northern Housing Conference Feb. 15-17 in Thunder Bay.
Saving energy made easy James Thom Wawatay News
A lot of small upgrades can add up to large savings on your hydro bills. Lori Rice, Hydro One Remote Communities Conservation and Renewable Energy (CARE) officer spoke about energy efficiency and conservation during a session at the First Nations 2011 Northern Housing Conference Feb. 15-17 in Thunder Bay at the Valhalla Inn. “I’ve been working with the communities to help bring down the energy costs,” Rice said to more than 100 people at her session. “But we want to help you reduce your energy costs too.” Rice offered a handful of cost-effective methods to trim excess hydro usage from your bill. “Unplugging phantom loads is key,” she said. These products include microwaves, coffee pots, TVs, DVD players, computers and other electronics. “Yes there are products that you don’t want to have to unplug every day,” she said. “We understand that. But in
those cases, you can plug them into power bars which don’t draw power when they are turned off.” Installing a programmable thermostat can help save energy costs as well, she said. By programming the furnace to allow the house to cool overnight and start to re-warm in the morning, money will be saved, Rice said. The same goes for during the day if people aren’t going to be home. Even in the frozen north, Rice said leaving a block heater plugged in overnight is unnecessary. “You can program it, with a timer, to turn on a few hours before you want to leave in the morning instead of draining power overnight,” she said. Using motion detectors for outdoor lighting can save the same way. If someone is expecting company, they don’t need to leave a light on because the sensor will activate when the guest gets close, she said. “Unless someone has come to talk to you about this, you probably haven’t heard about a lot of these products,” Rice said. “If the consumer puts in the effort, they will save money.”
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There has been much talk around the community regarding the new hospital and some of the difficulties that we have encountered during our first winter in the facility. We would like to provide an update on these challenges as well as sharing some significant good news stories. Building Update As everyone is aware we are experiencing some challenging problems with our new facility. We have had significant ice build-up on various areas of the roof of the facility. This has resulted in some water leaks from our flat roof in the out patient area and icicle build up on the patient wing roof. We have also had some condensation on the doors and windows. There are many factors causing these difficulties and we are working diligently with the building designers, contractors and subcontractors to determine root causes of these deficiencies. It is important to understand that the building is under warranty and these issues will be dealt with completely. Our maintenance, housekeeping and support staff have been working very hard over the past few months to deal with these many issues. This is causing significant stress on our limited staff and we appreciate them going the extra mile for Meno Ya Win and those we serve.
The Long term Fix •
Firstly, all the work done in constructing the facility is under warranty. All these incidents have been investigated by our building constructor, Ellis Don, and by our architects, Stantec. Both companies are taking responsibility to fix the problems. One challenge is that the complete or final fix will require some significant renovation and reworking. To confirm their diagnosis of the problem in the patient wing, Ellis Don would like to close off the south end, where there is an unoccupied five- bed area, and open up walls and ceiling to do an inspection. Work conducted in this area will conform to strict infection control protocol. There will be no traffic inside the hospital. They will open up a window and access the rooms from the outside. All work will be done and everything back to standard well before the end of March in time to open the beds in early April.
On the flat roof the fix will be to extend / elongate and change the directions of the exhaust fan openings to ensure warm air does not melt the snow which then causes water to pool and leak rather than flow to the drains. This problem has been made worse by the excessive amounts of snow this winter.
Some aluminum exterior doors are sweating and condensing moisture onto the floor. This problem is still being investigated. Controlling humidity levels within the building through our nine air handling systems requires constant monitoring and adjustment. To this end, our maintenance staff will continue to get support and training on the building automation system to ensure we are optimizing humidity, temperature, and air circulation controls to maximize patient and staff comfort.
Our nursing staff are very aware of the issues and, with patient safety and comfort as their first priority, are ensuring everyone is kept safe and dry.
On a brighter note: We have begun the process of purchasing the new CT scanner. We expect that this will be delivered within the next 90 days and will be fully operational by May of this year. This will allow us to offer more complete diagnostics to the people of our area and will result in significant savings in both terms of travel costs and time. We are moving forward with this acquisition and currently have pledges for almost 90 percent of the CT cost. We would like to specifically thank Wasaya Group for their leadership in making the CT scanner a reality. They have spearheaded a fundraising effort that has seen over $1 million pledged to this important initiative. On a similar note, we are currently acquiring the newest mammography equipment available so that we can provide screening and diagnostics for the women of this area. This project received a major shot in the arm with the generosity of Harvey and Anna Friesen challenging those who wish to donate to this important piece of equipment, by agreeing to match donations on a dollar for dollar basis up to $100,000.00. The hospital continues to be a busy place. Each month we are delivering 25 to 30 babies and many of our areas are seeing increased volumes of service being delivered. With the location of our Community Counseling and Addictions Service into the hospital, we have seen a 28 percent increase in their caseload and, with the savings in rent, the program has been able to add additional counselors to provide services. We are also excited about the new Acute Withdrawal Management Unit that will be opened in April. We have staff training in Toronto with the Centre for Addictions and Mental Health and we are looking forward to operating the first unit of this kind in a hospital in Ontario. For the past year, we have been working in partnership with SLAAMB and Confederation College, in delivering a Medical Interpreter Training Program. The class will graduate on March 18, 2011. We are proud of the four full-time Interpreter staff who will return to work with their college certificates in medical interpretation. This is another first for Sioux Lookout Meno Ya Win Health Centre. We are committed to continuing on our path to be a centre of excellence for northern and First Nations Health care delivery and we look forward to providing the people of this area with services that are second to none. Should you have comments, questions or concerns please feel free to contact us: Doug Moynihan, VP, Corporate Services Barb Linkewich, VP, Health Services Helen, Cromarty, Special Advisor on FN Health David Murray, CEO
807-737-6537 807-737-6539 807-737-6568 807-737-6535
MARCH 3, 2011
Job complete Marty Mascarin /Special to Wawatay News
Algonquin Avenue Public School vice-principal Darren Lentz and a group of students tried out their recently completed dog sled Feb. 17 at Fort William Historical Park in Thunder Bay. The students constructed the dog sled over the past three months during a class project to learn more about Canadian heritage with assistance from the Fort’s canoe builder.
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National chief calls for language revitalization Rick Garrick Wawatay News
National Chief Shawn A-inchut Atleo is calling for support from Canada and all Canadians to revitalize Canada’s Indigenous languages. “As the original languages of this land, Indigenous languages require significant investment and it should be comparable to that provided for the two official languages in Canada,” Atleo said Feb. 21 on the annual International Mother Language Day. International Mother Language Day is held every Feb. 21 around the world to promote awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism. It was first announced by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Nov. 17, 1999. “Indigenous languages represent the collective heritage and identity of this country and this land,” Atleo said. “Our Elders have called upon us to never forget our languages, to teach them and to learn from our lan-
guages. Indigenous languages must be recognized, respected, fully supported and should be a source of celebration and pride throughout Canada.” UNESCO stated in 1996 that Canada’s Aboriginal Languages are among the most endangered in the world. The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, endorsed by Canada Nov. 12, calls on countries to work with Indigenous peoples in the spirit of mutual respect and partnership. Article 13 states Indigenous peoples have the right to revitalize, use, develop and transmit to future generations their histories, languages, oral traditions, philosophies, writing systems and literatures, and to designate and retain their own names for communities, places and persons. Article 14 states Indigenous peoples have the right to establish and control their educational systems and institutions providing education in their own languages, in a manner appropriate to their cultural methods of teaching and learning.
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Rick Garrick/Wawatay News
Lakehead University’s Peggy Smith and NIshnawbe Aski Nation’s Carol Audet field questions during their Feb. 18 presentation on Bridging the Aboriginal Community/Researcher Divide: Forging a Mutually Beneficial relationship.
Research hasn’t always been ‘mutually beneficial’ Rick Garrick Wawatay News
Research in Aboriginal communities was the focus Feb. 18 at Lakehead University’s Aboriginal Research and Innovation Day. “As you know, the relationship between First Nations and researchers has been a shaky one in the past,” said Carol Audet, Nishnawbe Aski Nation’s director of lands and resources, during her presentation on Bridging the Aboriginal Community/Researcher Divide: Forging a Mutually Beneficial Relationship. Audet has been working with Peggy Smith, an assistant professor in Lakehead’s Faculty of Natural Resources Management, on the project since October 2010. Audet said First Nations do not trust the research process because the results have not been mutually beneficial in the past. She also said research should not be conducted without the consent of First Nations. “The issue of traditional knowledge is a very sensitive one for First Nations,” Audet
said. “Because of the significance of it, First Nations are raising the issue of traditional knowledge with different governments and international organizations such as the (Secretariat of the) Convention on Biological Diversity and the World Intellectual Property Organization.”
“The relationship between First Nations and researchers has been a shaky one in the past.” – Carol Audet
Audet said First Nations also have problems with research done by environmental organizations that have different agendas from First Nations. Smith raised the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, noting the principle of prior, fully informed consent. “First Nations should be fully aware of the research that is going on in their community,” Smith said, adding that First
Nations should also be participating in the research, benefits should be outlined, and there should be a focus on the communal nature of rights. Holly Prince, a research associate at Lakehead’s Centre for Education and Research on Aging & Health (CERAH), delivered a presentation with Tom Grinnell, CERAH’s Aboriginal community facilitator, and Mary Lou Kelley, CERAH research affiliate and professor of social work at Lakehead University, on Improving Endof-Life Care in First Nations Communities: The Perspectives and Experiences of First Nations Communities in Northwestern Ontario. “My passion in palliative care came a result of losing a very close friend of mine,” Prince said. “The research came out of a result of Treaty 3 communities whereby local First Nation health care providers recognized the need for a culturally appropriate education and palliative care program based on the fact that the majority of their Elders were having to leave the communities to die in long-term care in hospitals.”
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MARCH 3, 2011
Pelican celebrates winter Pelican Falls Centre hosted its annual winter carnival Feb. 18-20 for students of Pelican Falls First Nation High School outside Sioux Lookout. The carnival pits students from each of the residential houses against each other in various competitions. The events included nail driving, volleyball spiking, foosball, floor hockey breakaway and accuracy, chess, Boggle, cribbage, snow sculpture contest, and outdoor relay races.
ABOVE LEFT: Byron Fox of Bearskin Lake, left, and Kyle McKay of Wunnumin in an arm wrestling match. McKay beat out Fox in this match. CENTRE: GT sled race. TOP RIGHT: Floor hockey breakaway. BOTTOM RIGHT: House 2 verses House 5 in the canoe relay race.
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Published on Mar 3, 2011