Page 1

Meet the Mamow graduates PAGES 9 to 11

Fort Albany gets into the green PAGE 12

Vol. 38 #04

Seven Sacred Teachings PAGES B1 to B5

February 17, 2011

9,300 copies distributed $1.50 Northern Ontario’s First Nation Voice since 1974

Louttit ponders mining halt

Eagles soar

James Thom Wawatay News

Joy Fox/Wawatay News

Kasabonika Eagles were victorious against the Weagamow Knights 10-0 in Bantam-A action at the Little Bands Native Youth Hockey Tournament in Sioux Lookout Feb. 14. For complete coverage of the tournament see the March 3 issue of Wawatay News. Live streaming is also available at Feb. 18-20.

ᓛᑎᐟ ᐊᐧᐊᐧᓀᐣᑕᑦ ᑫᑭᐱᒋᐢᑕᐊᐧᓄᑫᐧ ᑲᐃᐧᒧᓇᐦᐃᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ                                                        

                                                

                                                               

                                ᑲᓇᐧᐊᐸᑕ ᐸᐢᑫᑭᓂᑲᐣ 16

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On the heels of what he called a “very successful and informative” conference about Treaty 9, Mushkegowuk Council Grand Chief Stan Louttit said mining development may be temporarily stopped in the territory. “We are preparing a legal strategy,” Louttit said after the conference ended Feb. 3. “We may move to a formal court injunction or a court challenge. We are examining all our options at this time.” The James Bay Treaty – Treaty No. 9 Conference was in Fort Albany Feb. 1-3. It discussed legal and historical aspects of the treaty as well as what action should be taken to have Treaty 9 recognized by the crown. The decision to examine a legal strategy is based on new information which recently came to light in a new book, Treaty No. 9: Making the Agreement to Share the Land in Far Northern Ontario in 1905. In the book, revelations are made by a third treaty commissioner in a diary. “We are currently in the process of engaging our member First Nations regarding this issue and having discussions and presentations with government officials as well,” Louttit said. The book, by John C. Long, includes the neglected account of a third commissioner – Daniel (George) MacMartin – and traces the treaty’s origins to the present day. Louttit said this issue was discussed at length during the conference, which included about 300 delegates – youth, Elders and political officials including National Chief Shawn A-in-chut Atleo. “It was very important to us to have the youth involved because this issue will affect them significantly,” Louttit said. “They need to know the truth about the treaty. Not what was written down but what was orally discussed. “The presence of the youth and children at our conference signifies the extreme importance of our treaty and brings significant meaning, inspiration and empowerment to the chiefs, Elders and all present.” Fort Albany youth Tina Williams found it helpful to attend. “We don’t know anything about Treaty 9,” she said. “We want something better for the future and we need to make things happen. Enough talking.” Louttit is not suggesting renegotiating the treaty. He simply wants it to be honoured. “Our Elders have said this all along and yet it remains a constant battle for our people today to exert their rights to hunt, trap and fish on the land in order to feed their families and communities. Our inherent rights must be respected.” see YOUTH page 16


Wawatay News

FEBRUARY 17, 2011

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Department of National Defence/Special to Wawatay News

Master Cpl. Redfern Wesley, left, of Moose Factory, lectures troops from southern Ontario in northern survival techniques as part of their military training.

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Rangers win praise for their training skills

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Thirty Canadian Rangers won praise for their ability to pass on many of their winter survival skills to regular troops during a training exercise in Moose Factory. “The Rangers provided us with a skill set that we would not normally receive through our regular military training,” said Maj. David Fearon, officer commanding the Duke of Edinburgh’s Company, 1st Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment at Canadian Forces Base Petawawa. “It was bitterly cold and we saw the Rangers driving (their snowmobiles) around with open faces and bare hands while we had to be bundled up. We were impressed by their ability to live in the open and cope with the cold.” Temperatures dropped as low as -35 C and wind gusts reached as high as 48 kilometres an hour during the

exercise, providing daunting wind chills for the regular troops. “The Rangers taught us simple things that we would never have thought of,” Fearon said, “such as carrying some spruce boughs to put on the ground when you stop moving to provide insulation. Very simple but very good advice. Also to keep your feet moving when it’s cold. “They were able to teach the guys how to live in the environment, especially with regard to things like shelters, dealing with cold weather injuries and learning how to survive up there.” The Rangers came from Moose Factory, Fort Albany and Kashechewan. They taught more than 100 soldiers a range of cold weather skills over several days, including fire starting, ice rescue, wood cutting, ice fishing, snowmobile maintenance, cooking and setting snares. “Each Ranger worked at

a training stand teaching soldiers,” said Master Warrant Officer Robert Patterson, Canadian Ranger sergeant major for 3rd Canadian Ranger Patrol Group. “There was great local interest in what they were doing, with lots of people watching and asking questions about it all.” Many of the Rangers, he said, have become proficient in being able to pass on their traditional skills to regular troops. “The Rangers didn’t use to think they brought that much of value to soldiers’ training,” he said. “They have quickly found out that they are very valuable to the Canadian Forces, in the sense that if soldiers are going out on the land they need these skills to stay alive, especially in these harsh, northern conditions.” Sgt. Peter Moon is the public affairs ranger for 3rd Canadian Ranger Patrol Group at Canadian Forces Base Borden. See

Wabasse re-elected chief in Webequie James Thom Wawatay News

Cornelius Wabasse received 58 per cent of the votes in being re-elected chief of Webequie First Nation. The election was held Jan. 28. Wabasse will serve a term of

Call Toll Free: 1-800-973-8033


two years. Former chief Scott Jacob received 26 per cent of the votes while Elsie MacDonald, 11 per cent, and Fred Jacob, four per cent. Sixty-nine per cent of the 498 eligible voters cast their ballots, according to electoral officer

Levi Sofea. The nomination meeting for councillors was Jan. 31 and the election was Feb. 4. Randy Jacob was re-elected councilor along with Tommy Shewaybick and Donald Shewaybick. Elsie MacDonald was elected head band councillor.








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Wawatay News FEBRUARY 17, 2011


ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Power issues barrier to processing plant James Thom Wawatay News

If resources are going to leave the Ring of Fire, First Nations are going to benefit from it, said David Paul Achneepineskum, CEO of Matawa First Nations Management. Achneepineskum said if the chromite is to be mined and processed, it should be done so within the territory of the Matawa people, since the minerals fall within the traditional lands of Webequie and Marten Falls First Nations. “We are not going to allow anyone to take these minerals and process them somewhere where our people will not benefit,” Achneepineskum said, speaking following the signing of a memorandum of understanding between Lake Nipigon First Nations and Matawa First Nations Feb. 11. He specifically supported the bid of Aroland First Nation and the Municipality of Greenstone to have the 300 megawatt processing facility built in their region to allow maximum benefit to the First Nation. Construction elsewhere in northwestern Ontaio would be OK but is not the preferred choice, he said. Aroland Chief Sonny Gagnon echoed Achneepineskum’s comments. “The chromite will be taken from the traditional territories of the First Nations people; it only makes sense that we, the First Nations people, must have direct benefit from the construction and operation of the chromite processing facility.” The location of the processing plant for the Ring of Fire minerals – believed to be one the richest untapped deposits in the world – is one of three key aspects of the agreement between the Lake Nipigon and Matawa chiefs. Another part of the agreement includes a possible hydro transmission line from the town of Nipigon to the Little Jackfish project, a proposed hydroelectric project near Lake Nipigon. The groups have also agreed to explore economic and infrastructure opportunities. While Aroland and Greenstone continue to lobby

James Thom/Wawatay News

Ron Nelson, left, president of the Northwestern Ontario Municipal Association, joined Nishnawbe Aski Nation Grand Chief Stan Beardy and NAN Deputy Grand Chief Les Louttit at a press conference at Thunder Bay’s City Hall Feb. 11 regarding hydro issues in the northwest region of the province. for the processing plant, Cliffs Natural Resources, an international mining company and supplier of natural resources to the steelmaking industry, released a project description Feb. 4 of its Cliffs Chromite project in the McFaulds Lake area near Marten Falls and Webequie. Bill Boor, Cliffs president of ferroalloys, said his company continues to conduct prefeasibility studies on the project. If it’s achievable, chromite ore would be mined from the Ring of Fire and then transported to a processing facility. To determine if the project is economically viable, Cliffs is using Sudbury, Ont., as a ‘base case’ scenario for the processing plant. Boor said his company still plans to meet with officials in Sudbury, Timmins, Greenstone and Thunder Bay to look at options in different locations. But the price of power in Ontario remains a major barrier to construction. “At current provincial power

rates, there isn’t a location in Ontario that is economically viable for Cliffs to build the (ferrochrome production facility),” he said. “The viability of an Ontario-based (processing plant) and final selection of the location are still being evaluated.” The lack of available lowcost energy in northwestern Ontario has prompted Harvey Yesno, president and CEO of Nishnawbe Aski Development Fund to join discussion. He is calling on the province to reduce power rates to keep the processing plant in northern Ontario. Yesno believes several Aboriginal businesses will benefit from the development of a processing plant. “The province of Ontario needs to be more visible and aggressive in tackling the power rate issue that is threatening the viability of a production facility in northern Ontario,” Yesno said, “because any final decision to locate the ferrochrome production facility outside of the province

negatively impacts Aboriginal business in the region.” However, he said issues of hydro and hydro rates goes well beyond the business world. “Many people now understand what our remote communities are facing on a regular basis when we can’t develop economically because of the chronic lack of electricity,” he said. “For Yesno example, we don’t have sufficient power to expand a motel, never mind a 300 megawatt processing facility.” Yesno said NADF has conducted several studies to try and move forward with electricity transmission and the development of renewable energy projects in the north. He said the province can’t afford to sit idly by. “We welcome a more proactive role by the provincial

government on this issue now, because there is too much at stake,” he said. While the cost of hydro has been making headlines in recent weeks because of Cliffs’ announcement, a Thunder Bay group has been loybbying for hydro improvements in northwestern Ontario for several years. Ron Nelson, president of the Northwestern Ontario Municipal Association, said energy issues are relevant to the entire northwest region, including municipalities, businesses and First Nations. He said speaking with a common voice is better than speaking alone on the energy issue. He said changes are needed in the power system to attract “new mines, forestry operations and manufacturing facilities, as well as improve our residential communities, both municipal and First Nation.” “The common theme from all of us is that the northwest region of Ontario needs its own plan for electrical generation,

transmission and distribution,” Nelson said. “It also needs its own plan for energy pricing.” One major area of concern is that the Ontario Power Authority is responsible for planning transmission lines that move large amounts of power from one region to another while Hydro One is responsible for the lower voltage distribution lines which are used to supply electricity directly to the local distribution companies that deliver power to customers. “In southern Ontario, the distribution lines are relatively short, serving relatively smaller but very densely populated areas,” Nelson said. “Here in the northwest region, however, our distribution lines are hundreds and hundreds of kilometres long, crossing vast stretches on sparse, if any, population, and constitute, in effect, our entire transmission grid.” He cited several hydro issues which require attention. These include instability, unreliability and lack of capacity in the service to both Red Lake and Greenstone; the lack of capacity in the transmission station serving the City of Thunder limiting economic growth in the city; the lack of a transmission line to connect the Nipigon area with the proposed Little Jackfish generation project and a proposed 100 megawatt wind farm on the eastern side of Lake Nipigon; and the lack of capacity to provide electrical power to remote First Nation communities from access points including Red Lake, Pickle Lake and Longlac. A more extensive transmission network would help reduce high hydro costs in First Nations, Nishnawbe Aski Nation Grand Chief Stan Beardy said. It would also ease reliance on burning diesel fuel for electricity. At current rates, Beardy said it costs three times as much for hydro in remote First Nations as it does in Thunder Bay. “It is important to reduce the number of communities dependent on diesel generation for electricity as the growth in housing and other services is often restricted by the absence of an adequate energy supply,” Beardy said.

Eabametoong continues prescription drug abuse battle Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Despite a change in leadership, Eabametoong is carrying on with its battle against prescription drug abuse. Coun. Harry Papah recently stepped in as acting chief of the Matawa community of about 1,200 on-reserve band members after former chief Lewis Nate resigned in late January. “We’re trying to get back on our feet again,” Papah said. “Right now the band councillors and I are working together to carry out our five-month term.” Eabametoong’s next band election is scheduled for June 2011. “We hired an emergency coordinator who is trying to pull all our resources together,” said Saul Atlookan, Eabametoong’s health manager. “At the same time we are trying to revive some of the activities that we had initially, such as recreation.” The community has also been working on providing

more outings for youth on to traditional lands. “We are planning one now for early March,” Atlookan said. “In that, they have to learn how to survive in the bush.” Another initiative involves educating people about prescription drugs, what they are and what they do to people who are abusing them. “What we’re saying is OK, we’re going to learn about this and we’re going to learn how to combat it,” Atlookan said. “We’re in it and we see the light at the end of the tunnel as long as everybody gets together and wants a healthy community.” But for those who want to deal with their prescription drug addictions, finding suitable treatment facilities is a problem. “The biggest problem is finding facilities that are open and readily available within the immediate area,” Atlookan said, noting there is currently a waiting list for people who want to go for treatment. “And that is the most difficult thing to do – the wait list.”

Eabametoong has circulated an anonymous community survey asking people for their input on the prescription drug abuse issue.

“We see the light at the end of the tunnel as long as everybody gets together and wants a healthy community.” –Saul Atlookan

“The vast majority of the people responded saying we need to do something, despite the fact they are right in it (prescription drug abuse)” Atlookan said. “They are trying to find ways and means so they can come out of it. But coming out of it is something different again if they don’t have the supporting services and professional people to help.” While the community is currently working to establish a detox treatment facility in the

community, Atlookan said they also need to have a treatment program with a holistic approach in place to allow people to deal with their personal issues after the initial 10-day detox treatment is completed. “If one spouse is going into the program, you need to look after the rest of the family, preparing them for that one person’s return,” Atlookan said. “The most dangerous thing for that one person is to come back into the same environment. So you need to have a holistic approach where everybody gets involved and the support mechanisms are in place.” Atlookan said the community also requires resources to continue their battle against prescription drug abuse, such as financial resources, professional resources, human resources or facilities. “When we initiated the detox facility, nothing came from the government for that,” Atlookan said. “We had to assign one house to use (for the detox centre). There has been no money from the government for that –

it’s basically our own financial resourcing.” A Health Canada spokeswoman said Health Canada has not received a proposal to fund a detox centre in Eabametoong. “Health Canada and its federal and provincial partners continue to work with the community to identify short and long-term actions that could support the Eabametoong First Nation in addressing critical health and safety issues,” said Olivia Caron, media relations officer with Health Canada, in an e-mail message. Caron added Health Canada has committed to providing professional counselling services through the Sioux Lookout First Nations Health Authority NODIN Program; supporting the Community Wellness Development Team in the development and implementation of the First Nation’s prescription drug abuse strategy; providing about $10,000 to facilitate the training for community members in Critical Incident Stress Management, with a focus on acquiring the

skill set for Crisis Intervention and Emotional and Spiritual Care in a Disaster Situation; and providing $30,000 towards the emergency coordinator position requested in the community’s Nov. 3 proposal. Eabametoong declared a state of emergency in October 2010 following a series of violent crimes that had residents fearing for their safety, including three murders, numerous cases of arson and a number of animal mutilations. The community has since indicated it is following a sevenpoint action plan, including the declaration of the state of emergency, creation of an emergency response plan, political advocacy and lobbying from chiefs, tribal organizations and other leaders, development of a long-term plan for the community, improving communication among community members and leadership, ongoing monitoring and evaluation of successes and community development of strategies to build a brighter future for the community.


Wawatay News

FEBRUARY 17, 2011

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Rabbit fur 16-5th Avenue North P.O. Box 1180 Sioux Lookout, ON P8T 1B7 Serving the First Nations in Northern Ontario since 1974. Wawatay News is a politically independent bi-weekly newspaper published by Wawatay Native Communications Society.

ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᑲᑭᒪᑕᓄᑲᑌᐠ 1974 ᐁᐅᒋᐊᓄᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᑭᐧᐁᑎᓄᐠ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᑕᐃᑦᔑᑫᐧᐃᓇᐣ. ᑕᓱᓂᔓᐱᒥᑯᓇᑲ ᐅᔑᒋᑲᑌ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐧᐃ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᐧᐃᐣ ᐅᓇᔓᐧᐁᐧᐃ ᑲᓇᐧᐊᐸᒋᑫᐧᐃᓂᐠ ᒋᐃᔑ ᐸᐸᒥᓯᒪᑲᐠ ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓂᑫᐧᐃᓇᐣ. MEDIA DIRECTOR Adrienne Fox MULTIMEDIA/NEWS COORDINATOR Brent Wesley

Commentary Diary sheds new light on Treaty 9 Xavier Kataquapit UNDER THE NORTHERN SKY


ecently, I have heard news that greatly affects the First Nations of Nishnawbe Aski Nation territory in northern Ontario. This news involves the discovery of a 100 plus year old diary by Daniel MacMartin, a treaty commissioner who represented the government of Ontario. His diary provides a new perspective on the signing of Treaty 9. Up to now, the only recorded and written account of the treaty signing was the treaty document itself. Since Aboriginal culture is based on oral tradition, the only record of the treaty for my people has been in the stories and recollections of those who were present at the time of the treaty signings. These recollections are still remembered by our living Elders today who inherited these memories from their parents and grandparents. What was promised at the signing of the treaty and what actually was put down in writing has always been a matter for debate. Remember, First Nation people back then did not speak the English language. Treaty 9, or the James Bay Treaty, was signed in 1905 and 1906 between the government of Canada, the province of Ontario and the Ojibway, Cree and Oji-Cree of northern Ontario. Additions to the treaty were made in 1929 and 1930 to encompass a land area between the Quebec and Manitoba borders from Timmins in the south to Hudson Bay in the north. Because very few Aboriginal people at the time spoke or read English the treaty document had to be translated. Many of the chief’s signatures were signed with a simple ‘X’ beside their name or by using syllabics. The discovery of MacMartin’s diary by historians in the archives of Queen’s University is shining new light on what took place and what was said during the signing of the treaty. Up to now, the government of Ontario and Canada has followed the treaty document which includes a clause to allow the Crown to take away lands for mining, forestry or other purposes. First Nations people have argued for years that the written document is much different than the spoken promises made during the signing. According to Murray Klippenstein, legal representative for Mushkegowuk Council, MacMartin’s diary has recorded oral prom-

ises made to Native representatives that Native lands would be preserved and that First Nation people would be able to continue to hunt where they pleased. Even though the diary provided plenty of details on regular meetings and conversations during the treaty signings, there is no mention made to Native representatives of the all important clause to take away lands by the government for resource development. Somehow that just turned up in the written document but was forgotten in his diary. There have always been questions about what First Nations people understood and what was promised in the treaty. The government’s treaty representatives were ill suited for the negotiations. Duncan Campbell Scott and Samuel Stewart were the two treaty commissioners for the government of Canada. Scott, at the time, believed that Aboriginal people should be assimilated into Canadian society without special rights or recognition. Scott later became the head of Indian Affairs from 1913 to 1932. In 1920, he is noted in Canadian Aboriginal history for making it mandatory for all Native children between the ages of seven to 15 to attend residential school. The plan, in Scott’s own words in 1920, was to “get rid of the Indian problem” and “continue until there is not a single Indian in Canada that has not been absorbed into the body politic and there is no Indian question, and no Indian department.” MacMartin’s diary reaffirms the belief of First Nations leaders since the signing of Treaty 9 that the process was not clear. Many people still believe today that Aboriginal people should be assimilated into society and with the discovery of many rich new natural resources on First Nations lands that view is being promoted by the powers that be. Make no mistake, First Nation people are not standing in the way of careful resource development on Native lands as long as there is proper consultation, negotiation and a fair sharing of the wealth. First Nation people have a tradition as stewards of the land and with the right idea in development we can all benefit while making sure our mother planet is protected. This was the spirit of negotiations my ancestors brought to the table when Treaty 9 was signed. Thanks to MacMartin’s obsession with keeping a very detailed diary, the truth has finally emerged after more than 100 years.

(Archives of Ontario C 330-13-0-0-67)

A boy from Moose Factory with snowshoe hare pelts in 1963.

‘Book of life becoming an incredible tale’ Richard Wagamese ONE NATIVE LIFE


work with words. As a writer and a storyteller words are my basic equipment. Since I got my first paid job as a writer back in 1979 I have been engaged in the process of learning how to use my tools. The learning never stops. For me that’s a special blessing because I love what I do and to be constantly in the process of being given more tools to work with is amazing. Words are all around us. It follows that stories are all around us too. Because I have ears I hear them. When my eyes are open I can see them. With my heart receptive I can feel them. Staying conscious and connected to the world means that stories come to me by taste and smell and wonderfully, magically sometimes, on the pure wings of my imagination when I keep all my other senses open. What it asks of me is to continue harvesting words. I need to do that so I can describe

CONTACT US Sioux Lookout Office Hours: 8:30-4:30 CST Phone: ....................737-2951 Toll Free: .....1-800-243-9059 Fax: ...............(807) 737-3224 .............. (807) 737-2263

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what I encounter and imagine. I need to do that so other people can inhabit the same space that I do, feel the magic of my stories. So I need the flexibility of an elastic and spontaneous facility with words and language in order to make that possible. It means that I read books. A lot of them. I can’t remember a time in my life when a book was not a companion. When I open a new one I am flooded with the presence of more and more tools. Essentially the words in books have been my education. When I left school at sixteen it marked the end of my formal education. Everything I have accomplished in this life I taught myself from the pages of books. I’ve been a lifelong student in the University of Books. There is a lot to be gained from this. For one, you get so you’re really comfortable with expression. Years ago if you’d have told me I would stand in front of thousands of people and speak for an hour without the benefit of notes I would have said you were crazy. Now, I’m teaching writing at the University of Victoria. Words empower you. Words make magic possible when you let

them. That’s what I’ve discovered after all these years. You can have all the tools in the world but they only work for you if you allow them to. Allowing is the key to everything. As a writer words just sometimes fall out of the sky – the right ones, the perfect ones. If I allow them to fall. But I have to be active in the process of gathering them, of reading, of harnessing the horses of words to the wagon of my dreams. My people say that allowing is the power that follows choice in Creator’s plan. Two great gifts we are given to empower us in this life. You choose and then you allow. Walking the Red Road, or living a principled, spiritually centered life, is the ongoing process of that. The choice puts you on the path and the allowing keeps that path rolling forward in front of you. Your duty is to continue walking it. So I choose words to be the pathway of my life and then I allow them to guide me in the work that I do. So far so good. Without education beyond Grade 9 I will publish my eighth, ninth, tenth and eleventh books this year. I will publish four titles in four separate genres in the same publishing







EDITOR James Thom WRITER/PHOTOGRAPHER Rick Garrick ART DIRECTOR Roxann Shapwaykeesic

CIRCULATION DIRECTOR Mark Kakekagumick TRANSLATORS Vicky Angees Agnes Shakakeesic

year – all because I allowed it to happen. But when I say the learning never stops I mean that. Sure, I’ve done some great things with the power of words but there is always something more; something unrelated to the worlds that words can offer you. For instance, it’s taken me this long to learn the rules of grammar. Like, when you say ‘I love you’, there’s a full colon stop. Then a dash and then the other person says ‘I love you too.” Period. The punctuation of our lives happens in the heart not on paper. I’m learning that these days. The words I use with the people in my life are the tools I use to build that life. So I choose wisely and allow them to work – and the book of my life is becoming an incredible tale, well told and punctuated by feeling and the images of belonging, community and empowerment. When we speak of literacy these days, it’s important to recognize that we speak beyond the ability to understand words. We speak of the ability to comprehend feeling. A true and vibrant literacy of the soul and spirit. That, in the end, is the biggest gift that words can bring us. CONTRIBUTORS Jackie George Xavier Kataquapit Peter Moon Liza Poulin Kelly Skinner Richard Wagamese Guest editorials, columnists and letters to the editor do not necessarily reflect the views of Wawatay News.

Wawatay News FEBRUARY 17, 2011

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“Save Our Languages� Fundraising Campaign Wawatay Native Communications Society is a self-governing, independent community-driven entrepreneurial Native organization dedicated to using appropriate technologies to meet the communication needs of people of Aboriginal ancestry in Northern Ontario, wherever they live. In doing so, its founders intended that Wawatay would serve their communities by preserving, maintaining and enhancing Indigenous languages and culture.

THE CAMPAIGN: The Campaign helps support the continued delivery of the many valuable Aboriginal language services and programs that Wawatay continues to provide including bi-weekly newspaper production and distribution, daily radio programming, television production services, regularly updated website, print services, translation services, and SEVEN Youth Media Network.

How You Can Help: Nishnawbe Aski Nation and Treaty #3 First Nation communities are members of Wawatay Native Communications Society and are urged to send in their Annual Membership Fees of $500.00 to our Sioux Lookout Bureau to the attention of Grant Chisel and note the payment is for “Membership Fee�. We are looking for volunteers for our radio-a-thon which we are hoping will garner support in the following ways: a) b) c)

membership drive (member First Nations to pay their annual membership fee) generate donations from individuals, businesses and organizations create awareness of our products and services and generate support.

Contact Evange Kanakakeesic at our Sioux Lookout Bureau or e-mail her at We are seeking volunteer hosts, musical talent, storytellers, comedians, etc.

If you would like to make a donation, please send it to our Sioux Lookout Bureau to the attention of Grant Chisel or check out our “Donate� button on Please make any cheque or money orders payable to “Wawatay� and note it is a donation for the “Save Our Languages� Campaign or for “SEVEN Youth Media Network� (if you would like to support our youth initiatives). Wawatay is a charitable organization and can provide receipts. Unless requested, a receipt will not be issued for donations of less than $20.00.

WAWATAY RADIO NETWORK Box 1180, 16 Fifth Avenue, Sioux Lookout, ON, P8T 1B7 • 1.800.243.9059 toll free • (807).737.2951 phone • (807).737.3224 fax

Wawatay Native Communications Society

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Wawatay News

FEBRUARY 17, 2011

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OPINION Your views from Re: NDP launch national suicide prevention strategy campaign I come from a community that has been hit hard by suicide and I know that this bill will address the need to do something more on the topic of suicide. I’d say this to MP Megan Leslie, get the fly in reserves and small communities involved in this and you’ll have a big list of supporters. From the eastern seaboard to the western, you’ll be supported because we need the word to get out there about suicide intervention strategies and initiatives. I support Bill C-593 that was introduced by Halifax NDP MP Megan Leslie. If you do support her efforts, please reply. We should get our own petition going here, what do you think? Anonymous Re: Marten Falls planning Ring of Fire blockade The government is always siding with the taxpayers and not the First Nations wants and needs. Taxpayers include the big business people and their employees, so this is why the government pays close attention to them. First Nations do not garner so much attention because they are seen as liability, expense, burden, etc. Anonymous

Re: Matawa communities feeling left out of Ring of Fire If the chiefs wants to make deal, they should include an Environmental Clean up Fund to be set up along with whatever benefits they get if any. I’ve already seen Forestry industries come and go and leave messes all over our traditional territories and NOBODY is cleaning that up. WHO is responsible for that? NOBODY, especially when the industry is BANKRUPT. How come the GOVERNMENT is NOT stepping in and CLEANING that up? This is our traditional territory’s where we live off. We eat wildlife such as moose, fish and other wildlife and also plants. I’ve also seen when money does get thrown around it’s never to Natives but surrounding towns. It is true Natives always get left out. Surrounding town and cities getting monies donated for whatever reason in the companies names just for advertisement and hush money. Anonymous Re: Lake Nipigon, Matawa First Nations working cooperatively on mining, infrastructure This is what I like to see. Cooperation. That’s how we will benefit. Arolander

Global economy in ‘midst of green revolution’ To the Editor:

Native Language Teacher Certification (NLTC) July 4th – July 29th, 2011 The Native Language Teacher Certification is designed to prepare candidates to Teach Native Languages. It is the only Algonquian program in Ontario, which is Ministry of Education and Training approved for Certification. Certification qualifies candidates to teach Native Languages in Ontario Schools. To enter the program you must be fluent in a Native Language and meet Lakehead University’s Mature Student Admission requirements.

2011 Summer Credit Courses in Native Languages Ojibwe 1013 Introduction to Ojibwe I (Severn Dialect) Introduction to basic Severn Ojibwe phonetics, grammar and conversation. 5 – 7:30 pm Monday thru Thursday July 4 – July 21, 2011 Ojibwe 1015 Introduction to Ojibwe II (Severn Dialect) Development of conversational skills and practice in writing. 5 – 7:30 pm Monday thru Thursday July 25 - August 11, 2011 Cree 1010 Introduction to Cree I Introduction to basic Cree phonetics, grammar and conversation. 5 – 7:30 pm Monday thru Thursday July 4 – July 21, 2011

The government of Ontario recently announced it is seeking public input on how to best protect the woodland caribou in northern Ontario while protecting economic development in the region. This has been a contentious issue and it is understandable that passions would run high on both sides of the debate, but we think there is a better, more constructive path forward through creativity and cooperation. In 2010, we came together as a group of forest companies and conservation organizations under the banner of an unexpected agreement to work together to find solutions to problems such as this one. Forest companies such as Abitibi-Bowater, Tembec and Weyerhaeuser have joined with environmental groups such as the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society, Greenpeace, Ivey Foundation, and the David Suzuki Foundation in signing the landmark Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement (CBFA). It commits our group to work with each other, governments, First Nations and others to find a constructive way to ensure the survival of species at risk like

Cree 1012 Introduction to Cree II Development of conversational skills and practice in writing. 5 – 7:30 pm Monday thru Thursday July 25 - August 11, 2011 For further information and an application package, contact:

NATIVE LANGUAGE INSTRUCTORS’ PROGRAM LAKEHEAD UNIVERSITY 955 Oliver Road, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 5E1 807-343-8003 or 807-343-8542 Email: Email:

Meet five women from Kitchenuhmaykoosib who are struggling to end their addiction to oxycodone.

caribou while also providing for a stronger and more competitive forestry industry. We have developed recommendations that protect threatened caribou while safeguarding jobs in northern Ontario. Our plan proposes to minimize the expansion of the industrial footprint within caribou ranges and ensures that all non-closed mills have long term, economic and secure supplies of wood. The recommendations propose to offset the increased costs industry may face in deactivating old roads and increased silviculture. We also ask that government monitor populations of woodland caribou to better understand whether they successfully reoccupy previously disturbed areas. There would be no disruption to any existing forestry operations by our proposed measures to protect this species. There is no doubt the global economy is in the midst of the next industrial revolution – this time a green one. Who prospers and who doesn’t will be determined by who embraces this revolution, who learns to produce more with less and who most quickly realizes that making and selling products with a strong envi-

ronmental pedigree is critical to maintaining and expanding your market share. We believe there can be a bright future for both forest industry jobs and caribou in the north. Getting us there, however, will require discarding the jobs versus environment mindset and recognizing that environmental sustainability is the basis for industry prosperity. Making smart policy choices will enable Ontario’s forest industry to truly compete in a worldwide ‘green’ market place. Successful forest conservation and business competitiveness require effective involvement of Aboriginal peoples and their governments. We are committed to involving Aboriginal peoples in a manner that is respectful of and engages Aboriginal rights, title, interests and aspirations. The CBFA proposals set the stage for a transformation of the forest industry and offer a “win-win� for jobs and the environment. The government has an exciting opportunity to take advantage this opportunity. We strongly urge them to do so. Ontario Members of the Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement

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Wawatay News FEBRUARY 17, 2011


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Fine line between hate crime, intolerance James Thom Wawatay News

A forum debate on Aboriginals in Thunder Bay has raised the ire of a woman in the city. Frances Wesley, a Constance Lake band member living in Thunder Bay, felt angry reading comments posted online. The forum was first posted March 30. “Feel like your city is becoming one huge reservation? You are not alone. Sad times, really,” wrote user Robbed_ and_Stabbed. Added user sick-tiredSCARED: “Yes. Thunder Bay’s crime rate is rising everyday. Our elderly can’t even go out in broad daylight without the fear of being jumped and robbed. Our kids can’t walk through a park without a bunch of Native kids beating them. The police know who are committing these crimes but they can’t come out and say it because they will be called racists! “They keep coming in from the reservations and as our Native population increases so does our crime rates! Figure it out.” Added user lazyshit: “Ya know, I constantly hear that there (are) no jobs left here, but i don’t know one person, not a single one that is out of work except some redskins. I have three family members who moved here recently and all found work.” Comments have continued to the present day. To sign up for an account on the site, a user must only provide a username, email address and password. On the registration page, it says the email address will never be shown to other users, thus maintaining anonymity. The people who are writing on the forum need-not self-identity themselves. “I think (the commenter’s) are ignorant about Aboriginal people,” Wesley said. “We make significant contributions to the local economy. It makes me wonder how much more can we do with the community to reach out and educate the public.” Wesley, who is the urban Aboriginal planner for the Thunder Bay Urban Aboriginal Strategy, works to bring the community together. She

helped establish the Neighbourhood Building Capacity Project in the city, an in- and afterschool program for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children and youth between 7 and 13 years of age. Wesley is disappointed such content can be found on the Internet. “People are always going to try and bring you down,” she said. “I feel like this is a hate crime. I feel like we (Aboriginals) are being targeted as bad people,” Wesley said. But establishing what makes a hate crime isn’t always easy. According to the Criminal Code of Canada, a hate crime is a “criminal violation motivated by hate, based on race, national or ethnic origin, language, colour, religion, sex, age, mental or physical disability, sexual orientation or any other similar factor.” Because of the freedom of expression issues at stake in hate speech, each offence requires evidence establishing intent, according to the Ontario Provincial Police. “The threshold for qualifying an action as a hate crime is not easily met, even where race appears to have been an issue, unless it can be proven that the accused intentionally acted out of hatred,” according to OPP literature on hate crimes. For a criminal charge to proceed, the attorney general of Ontario must sign off on the matter, according to the OPP. Thunder Bay Police Service spokesman Chris Adams summed up the issue. “People can be prejudiced and make a racial statement,” he said. “But that is not always a hate crime. For a hate crime to take place, there needs to be deliberate intent … and the person must be trying to provoke action.” Margaret Leighton, of the Ontario Human Rights Tribunal, said it would not be appropriate for her agency to discuss hate crimes in a general sense because it makes rulings about the matter. “Hate crimes are a complex area of the law,” she said, because people’s rights intersect, such as an individual’s right to free speech over someone’s right to not be discriminated against. “It is always evolving.”

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From left, New Zealand Minister of Maori Affairs Dr. Pita R Sharples and Nishnawbe Aski Nation Grand Chief Stan Beardy.

New Zealand welcomed Beardy James Thom Wawatay News

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Request for Quotation Operation and Maintenance of the Savant Lake Waste Disposal Site Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) Sioux Lookout District invites quotations from contractors for the Operation and Maintenance of the Savant Lake Waste Disposal Site. The site is located in Sioux Lookout District, 1.5 kilometres north of the Savant Lake town site (west of Highway 599) and is approximately 2.0 hectares in size. The site must be operated in accordance with all laws of the Province of Ontario, in particular with all MNR and Ministry of the Environment (MOE) regulations. Quotation packages (containing submission documents) may be obtained by calling (807) 737-5050 or by e-mailing

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During his recent trip to New Zealand, Stan Beardy was able to share the Nishnawbe Aski Nation perspective on resources and development. Beardy, grand chief of NAN, was in New Zealand for the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) conference Jan. 11-15. The conference was about finding a new vision for conservation and development and to ensure Indigenous people are included in the policy, governance and management of resources. “I wanted to give the direct input of the Indigenous people (of Ontario),” Beardy said. “I presented our situation (water,

health and environmental issues). “I also spoke about Indigenous practices and the land, the historical perspective of how things were done for centuries. “We were very lucky the conference was hosted by the Maori, the Indigenous people of New Zealand. “They treated me with great respect, like a head of state would be afforded.” Beardy found other delegates were supportive of the idea of Indigenous people being part of the solution because they have some of the answers on making the planet a more sustainable place. Beardy said there is a need to balance conservation with development. He sees a great role for First

Nations in the conservation of nature because they were the original stewards of the land. But that role must be balanced with meaningful implementation of inherent, Aboriginal and treaty rights. During the conference, Beardy was able to participate in a panel, which shared NAN’s views on the Boreal Conservation Campaign in Canada and NAN’s experience with conservation groups in the imposition of the Far North Act on the NAN people. His presentation also spoke about the history of the treaty making process in Canada, including First Nations interpretation of the treaty, First Nation views on customary laws, the responsibility given by the Creator to First Nations, and the

need for recognition/implementation of this in lands and resources. He also made a recommendation to the IUCN to consider developing a monitoring system for conservation organizations to ensure they are not trampling on the human rights of Indigenous peoples. Going forward, Beardy will address the NAN chiefs at the March assembly to discuss the role of conservation organizations’ work with communities and to determine a future approach. Beardy was pleased with the contacts he made during the conference, especially those within the IUCN, an organization that brings together governments and conservation groups from all over the world.

Aboriginal youth to get international experience Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Aboriginal youth now have an opportunity to work in developing countries on Canadian-supported development projects through a new International Aboriginal Youth Internships initiative. “The new International Aboriginal Youth Internships initiative is an exciting, new initiative that will bring a new

experience to Canada’s Aboriginal youth,” said Beverley J. Oda, minister of International Cooperation. “Their unique perspective and heritage will enhance our work in developing countries and enrich their opportunities to contribute to Canada’s efforts to bring a better life to those living in poverty around the world. I firmly believe that our government’s outreach to the Aboriginal youth in Canada in this way

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will open new doors in their futures.” The $10.5 million five-year initiative will provide 140 Canadian Aboriginal youth each year with an opportunity to work in developing countries on Canadian-supported development projects with recognized organizations. The Canadian International Development Agency consulted with national Aboriginal organizations to develop the initia-

tive, including the Assembly of First Nations, the Native Women’s Association of Canada, and the Métis National Council, as well as with Indian and Northern Affairs Canada and Canadian Heritage. The internships will be used by qualified Canadian organizations selected under CIDA’s new Global Citizens Program. Canadian organizations are invited to apply by submitting a proposal before April 7.

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Wawatay News FEBRUARY 17, 2011


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Reclaiming life – Part II The Mamow Against Drugs Healing Program in Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug (KI) is a 25-day plan that helps participants combat addiction to oxycodone. The program is voluntary and alternates intakes between men and women. In part two of this three-part series, Wawatay Media Director Adrienne Fox returns to KI to cover the graduation of the treatment centre’s fifth intake.

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• 85% of passengers polled read Sagatay on their flight • 82% of passengers polled noticed and read the advertising in Sagatay • Over 330 departures every week to 25 destinations across Northwestern Ontario • Magazines are also placed in all destination’s airports, band offices and local businesses

The distribution date for the next magazine is scheduled for April 1, 2011. To meet this deadline, our ad booking and material deadline is March 3, 2011. Sagatay subscriptions are now available, if you would like a copy of this magazine, please contact us and we will send one to you for your enjoyment. If you have any questions, or would like to book an ad, please feel free to contact us. To advertise in Sagatay contact:

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Wawatay News

FEBRUARY 17, 2011

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Photos by Brent Wesley/Wawatay News

ABOVE: From right, Melanie Beardy, Candice Crowe and Rayanne Tait of Kitchenuhmaykoosib graduate from the Mamow Against Drugs Healing Program. Health Director Joey McKay, congratulates the women at a community feast Jan. 28. LEFT: Kitchenuhmaykoosib Deputy Chief Cecilia Begg, centre, gets a helping of food during the treatment centre graduation feast.

Wawatay News FEBRUARY 17, 2011


ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

LEFT: Rosemary McKay of Kitchenuhmaykoosib. BOTTOM LEFT: Melanie Beardy, left, and Candice Crowe share a moment during their graduation feast. BOTTOM MIDDLE: Candice Crowe BOTTOM RIGHT: Rayanne Tait takes time with one of her two daughters.

And then there were three Adrienne Fox Wawatay News


he glances furtively at the four cameras in the room. Three of them are recording each word being spoken and all are capturing every flicker of visible emotion. Rosemary McKay, 23, is getting ready to graduate from the Mamow Against Drugs Healing Progam – a community project driven by the will of a small group of Kitchenuhmaykoosib members to confront oxycodone addiction. McKay has made it through the 25-day treatment program. She spent the first week going through detox. She has faced intense counselling sessions and contributed to numerous sharing circles. It’s been hard work for all the women. And today it’s time to celebrate their successes. McKay is still cautious. She says she didn’t want to get up this morning. She wanted to stay in bed because the treatment centre has become her safe haven. She doesn’t want to leave. Going back home means facing everything that brought her here in the first place. McKay discovered that during a recent home visit. “It feels different at home but it’s the same. It’s the way it was before I came in here. I’m thinking the same thing over there … the way I did before I got in here. When I’m here, I don’t think about anything.” McKay never made it to graduation. She failed the final drug screening. Each participant of the treatment program undergoes drug testing before being allowed

to graduate. Last week, Hazel Chapman left the program. No one is kept prisoner here. Everyone enters freely and leaves the same way. For three others, it’s graduation day, Jan. 28.


ow it’s just past 7 p.m. and there are more than 100 people gathered in the community hall. They are here to celebrate the women who have made it through the program. Melanie Beardy, Candice Crowe and Rayanne Tait are seated at the head table. It’s adorned with purple and white flowers and rolled tulle. All the women are dressed formally. Beardy’s hair is pulled up, highlighting her high cheekbones and exotic eyes. Tait, the youngest of the group, is fresh-faced and smiling. Crowe continues to carry herself demurely, a characteristic only emphasized by her ever-present smile. Each woman gets up to speak. “I always looked down on this program,” Beardy confesses. “I judged those that worked at the program.” But her judgments are gone. Tonight she’s grateful for their efforts. Beardy wants community members to give the graduates a chance. “We have hopes and dreams like everyone else,” she says. “We need community support. We don’t want to be put down. All we need is your support if we fall. We can do it.” Earlier that day, Beardy describes feeling alive and confident.

“I see things more clearly. I can think more clearly. I never thought I would get to this point again.” She thinks back to re-integration week, when participants in the healing program were slowly re-introduced to the community and she clearly saw something for the first time. “I see my kids and I see their faces – their smiley faces. I’ve never seen that before. I’ve never wanted to see that.” Beardy’s voice wavers. She’s trying not to cry, so she looks up at the ceiling. She visited other family members too, including her niece and nephews. “They were so beautiful,” she recalls. “And I thought to myself, ‘Why did I push this away?’ “My sister’s baby is about four months (old) and when I went to go visit him yesterday … I don’t know how to explain this but he was just amazing.” Beardy is remorseful. She feels like she’s been blind until now. “Why didn’t I see this when he was born? Why didn’t I see him when he was a baby? I missed all that.” But she also knows she has been given another chance. “I get to see him now. I realize the drug disorients everything. This week was really beautiful. It really opened my eyes.”


ait is also experiencing new-found awareness but it’s tempered by old fears. She is torn between wanting to be

with her children and the fear her addiction won’t let her go. “I don’t want to go,” she says about her last day in the program. “I don’t want to go back to drugs.” Her fear loomed large and heavy during reintegration week. “People were already asking me and offering me a line (of oxycodone).” And she got little reassurance when she visited the clinic for her final drug test. “There was this girl (at the clinic) who asked me: ‘Are you going to stay sober?’ And I said I’m going to try. I’m going to do it. And she said: ‘You’re not going to do it. You’re going to fall just like everyone else.’ ” Tait responded by telling the girl not to be jealous just because she couldn’t quit. Despite her bravado, Tait was hurt by the comment. “It puts me down.” Crowe isn’t sure how she’ll stay off oxycodone once she leaves but she says she’ll try. “I don’t want to go back to the old ways – the way I was.” For today, she’s happy to be returning home. And life without oxycodone is invigorating her. “It feels good. You can just get up and do whatever you want.” Editor’s note: Missed Part I? Go online at Part III will be published in the March 3 edition of Wawatay News.


Wawatay News

FEBRUARY 17, 2011

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Fort Albany fights for increased food security Kelly Skinner Special to Wawatay News

Community gardens, cooking classes, bulk ordering, farmer’s markets, good food boxes, composting and vegetable gardening have brought greater food security to Fort Albany. At a workshop in January led by Gigi Veeraraghavan, Healthy Babies Healthy Children coordinator, a group of community members drew out a pathway for a healthier community through healthier food. They are planting the seeds of change. Food security – the assurance that all people at all times have adequate amounts of healthy, safe, and culturally appropriate food – is difficult to achieve in remote, northern communities. About 75 per cent of the households in Fort Albany are not food secure. Many people worry about being able to afford food for their families. Flying food in from the south is very expensive. A local food system could make food more affordable and accessible, Veeraraghavan said. When it comes to food, Fort Albany members have already shown they are a forward thinking community. While the provincial government has only recently begun to start nutrition programs in schools, Fort Albany was well ahead of their time as it started a school nutrition program nearly two decades ago. Today the program is thriving – a full breakfast for elementary and high school students and healthy snacks are offered twice a day to all students at Peetabeck Academy. The success of the original

submitted photos

A newly constructed greenhouse, left, sits next to the Peetabeck Academy in Fort Albany First Nation. Built last summer with the help of Ed Metatawabin, right, the school will incorporate gardening into the classroom curriculum. program received attention from the ONEXONE Foundation and ONEXONE has provided additional funding and support since 2008 for the breakfast program. This past summer, former chief and historian, Ed Metatawabin and other community volunteers worked hard to put up a greenhouse that was provided by the University of Waterloo through a research grant from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. The greenhouse is next to the school and the plan is to incorporate gardening into the classroom curriculum. Vegetables grown can be used in the snack

program. “Our community has wanted a greenhouse for a very long time,” said Joan Metatawabin, school nutrition and greenhouse coordinator. “While we were building the greenhouse, students were asking ‘Who is the greenhouse for?’ and we said ‘The greenhouse is for you!’ Everyone is excited to start planting seeds.” Many people in Fort Albany remember there used to be a potato farm in their community. They know gardening can work here. Upcoming plans for the spring include starting plants in the greenhouse and building

raised garden beds. Other innovative food security activities are the occasional farmer’s market that are held in Fort Albany. The farmer’s market involves chartering a plane full of fresh food and then selling the food to community members at low prices to cover the cost of the food and the freight. Many items end up costing only half of the price charged by the local grocery store. Fresh meat, vegetables and fruit are the common items brought in. At the most recent farmer’s market, organizers ordered in fresh milk – which can cost

about $14 for four litres at the store – and they were able to sell it for $8 a bag. Events like the farmer’s market rely on dedicated volunteers to be successful. The food security working group in Fort Albany believes that knowledge is power. They are learning about successful local food programs from northern Manitoba and will be attending upcoming food security conferences. And the excitement about growing local food sparks talks of other projects like composting and teaching community members how to can and preserve the food they grow.

The dirt produced from composting can be used in the greenhouse and garden beds. Along with growing produce, the Fort Albany food security group has another goal. They want to make sure that generational traditions – like hunting, berry picking, food preparation and cooking – are passed on to the children and youth in the community. If the new greenhouse and gardening projects have the same success as the school nutrition program, then Fort Albany will be harvesting produce within the next few years. The fight for food security in Fort Albany is on.




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Wawatay News FEBRUARY 17, 2011

Matawa opens learning centre James Thom Wawatay News

Twenty-five students are getting another chance to complete their high school educations thanks to a new learning centre at Matawa First Nations in Thunder Bay. The centre was officially opened Feb. 10 though students have been attending since first semester in September, explained principal Denise Baxter, a Marten Falls band member. Baxter said a variety of factors – including lack of success, being intimidated by the class sizes and school – lead to students dropping out of high school. But the Matawa Learning Centre – with its Learn to Dream motto – aims to change that. “The statistics show that the traditional high school learning environment is failing our First Nation students,” Baxter said. “High schools are too large and very intimidating for First Nations students, many of whom come from small, remote communities. She said the Learning centre will offer a holistic education that considers the learning needs of students and takes into account the personal and social issues they may face. “We ensure that our students don’t fall through the cracks and we are all accountable to each other to ensure that our students succeed,” Baxter said. The 3,000-square foot centre features classrooms, a computer lab, boardroom, and office space for staff.


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During the opening ceremony for the centre, it’s first graduate was also celebrated. Curtis Sugarhead, 18, of Eabametoong First Nation received a plaque honouring his efforts. Several students spoke during the opening ceremony, including Danielle Yellowhead who shared her story about losing her best friend, dropping out of school and battling

depression. “My siblings motivated me to come back to school,” she said. “I want to be a better role model for them. I want them to look up to me and be proud. “At the Matawa Learning Centre I get a lot of support from the teachers and principal and it is a very friendly environment. Now when I look back it just makes me a stronger person.”

She would encourage others to follow her path. “It’s never too late to come back, there is always something out there. For me it was the Matawa Learning Centre,” Yellowhead said. Yellowhead is expected to graduate by September. She dreams of becoming a social worker and living in her home community of Eabametoong First Nation.


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Drug testing started in Neskantaga Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Neskantaga First Nation has implemented a drug testing policy for all band staff members in response to the prescription drug abuse issue. “This was done through a First Nation initiative,” said Neskantaga Chief Roy Moonias. “There was a high demand from the community that they wanted a safe and healthy workplace environment.” The drug testing policy was officially established Nov. 18 and the community has since brought in a drug compliance officer from another First Nation community to conduct the drug testing. “It’s a small community so people said it would be better to get somebody from outside

so they don’t disclose any confidentialities,” Moonias said. While the drug testing policy has been working well so far, Moonias said the community has encountered a lack of services for those people who want to quit prescription drugs. “The closest detox we have is in Thunder Bay,” Moonias said, noting three people have been sent out to treatment so far. “It gets really cumbersome when we have to fly our people out to the detoxification program.” Moonias said his community took the initiative to move forward because they knew it was a priority. The community has completed an 18-month consultation process, which included legal advice. “It’s a start for us, as a small community,” Moonias said. “It

gets really costly when you go through that process, the consultation process.” Strategies to combat prescription drug abuse were discussed last October during a Matawa First Nations conference. “Those strategies are still in the works and a report will be presented to our chiefs later on in this new year for their review and approval,” said Matawa First Nations CEO David Paul Achneepineskum. In addition to Neskantaga’s drug testing policy, several of the Matawa communities have been providing back-to-the-land programs for community members. “They take kids out and have Elders and even parents come out there and meet as a family unit,” Achneepineskum said.

Prescription drug abuse prevention programs are also being implemented in some of the communities to inform community members about the impacts of prescription drug abuse. “The withdrawal is really very hard,” Achneepineskum said. “It takes about three weeks for some people to completely withdraw from the drug and there is pain associated with that.” Achneepineskum said the different measures to deal with prescription drug abuse are slowly making an impact. “It’s really a struggle,” Achneepineskum. “I think it’s a matter of trying to work with these young people in the schools and have more prevention and education awareness programs.”

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NAPS officers appointed as RCMP special constables

Rick Garrick

Wawatay News

Twelve Nishnawbe-Aski Police Service officers have been appointed as special constables of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police for a number of outlying islands in James Bay. While the officers are not directly working for the RCMP, they will represent Canada’s national police force in investigations, when necessary. The NAPS officers, eight officers and one sergeant from Attawapiskat and three relief officers from the northeast region, were appointed Jan. 27 in Attawapiskat by RCMP Superintendent Howard Eaton, with NAPS Insp. Roland Mor-

rison in attendance. Eaton and Morrison also reviewed a memorandum of understanding on the issue of policing the islands with Attawapiskat band council. The appointment solidifies an arrangement for NAPS officers to respond to investigations on Akimiski Island, which is located about 19 kilometres from Attawapiskat First Nation in the Mushkegowuk Cree community’s traditional territory but falls under the territorial jurisdiction of the RCMP. The distinction was necessary to cover jurisdiction issues over the islands, which are not part of Ontario but in fact Nunavut. NAPS Sgt. Jackie George

2/10/11 1:57 PM

explained the decision to have officers appointed to the RCMP was done to prevent delays in policing to the traditional lands of the Attawapiskat people. It was prompted by a sudden death investigation a few years ago. That investigation was tangled by jurisdiction where NAPS was called, then its crime unit. That unit would notify the OPP of an incident. And in the case of the island, the RCMP had to be called because it is their jurisdiction, George said. “We don’t want the people of Attawapiskat to have to wait for a police response while using their traditional territory,” George said.

NDP launches suicide prevention campaign

Rick Garrick

Wawatay News

The New Democratic Party critic for health is seeking support for her private member’s bill: An Act Respecting a National Strategy for Suicide Prevention. Introduced by Halifax MP Megan Leslie in November in the House of Commons, Bill C-593 directs the federal government to establish a national suicide prevention strategy. The plan would be carried out in consultation with the provincial, territorial and First Nations governments. “Since introducing the bill, I have received calls and emails of support from individuals, organizations, and politicians across the country,” said Leslie. “The enormous impact suicide has on families, friends and communities is clear from the stories I’ve been hearing. “There are many people out there working to prevent suicide and we know from other countries that a coordinated national strategy would expand and strengthen their efforts.” Suicide is the second leading cause of death in the 10-24 age group and third in the 25-49 age group, with about 10 people committing suicide each day in Canada. Each day, 10 people commit suicide in Canada. More than 3,500 Canadians die each year from suicide. The suicide rate for Aboriginal Canadians is four to six times higher than non-Aboriginal Canadians. Other vulnerable groups include seniors. Leslie’s campaign includes a letter, petition, postcard, an article by Sarnia Mayor Mike Bradley and ways to participate through social media. Information and requests for endorsements will be sent to health care organizations, governments, community groups and individuals throughout the country. “I want to let people know there is a way to communicate with the federal government,” Leslie said. “The need for suicide prevention efforts at a national level is a message that must be heard and acted upon.”

Wawatay News FEBRUARY 17, 2011

Water bill fails First Nations Ontario Regional Chief Angus Toulouse said he does not support Bill S-11, Safe Drinking Water Act for First Nations. During his Feb. 8 presentation to the Senate Committee on Aboriginal Peoples, Toulouse expressed his displeasure with the bill. “Our opposition to this bill is a clear indication that we will not accept legislation that disrespects our constitutional and treaty rights and is unilaterally imposed on us,” Toulouse said. Explaining water is of paramount concern to First Nation

leaders, Toulouse said too many First Nation communities lack safe drinking water and proper infrastructure. “These circumstances are not acceptable and this bill does not address the situation and is not the way forward,” he said. “First Nations are entitled to enjoy safe drinking water from the sacred water sources entrusted to us and to our care and stewardship by the Creator. “This right cannot be separated from our right to manage and apply our laws and values to water management.” Toulouse would like to

see the 2006 recommendations made by Expert Panel on Safe Drinking Water for First Nations fully explored. The panel, which included Mushkegowuk Council Grand Chief Stan Louttit, proposed options for regulating drinking water for First Nations. The panel analyzed the advantages and challenges of each option and presented a report to Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. These included the options of having new water legislation created at both the provincial and federal levels. –JT

Understanding treaties essential: Beardy Students, youth and the general public will have an opportunity to discuss Treaty No. 5 and Treaty No. 9 during a treaty symposium Feb. 23-24 at Lakehead University. Hosted by the Nishnawbe Aski Nation/Canada Treaty Discussion Forum in partnership with Lakehead University’s

Aboriginal Initiatives unit, the treaty symposium will feature First Nations, Elders and leading academics. Presentations will be delivered on the treaty relationship between NAN and the British Crown as represented by Canada and Ontario. “The treaties that make up NAN territory (Treaty No. 9

and Treaty No. 5) are international covenants and form integral parts of the history of Ontario and Canada,” said NAN Grand Chief Stan Beardy. “It is essential for the good of all Canadians to have an accurate understanding of what these treaties mean and how they are relevant today.” –RG

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Wawatay News Sub Office 2nd floor Royal Bank Building, Suite 202 Victoriaville Centre, 620 Victoria Ave. East Wequedong Lodge Lodge 1. 228 S. Archibald St. Lodge 2. 189 N. Court St. Lodge 3. 750 MacDonnell St. Fort William First Nation: Bannon’s Gas Bar / R.R #4 City Rd. Fort William First Nation / Band Office K & A Variety THP Variety and Gas Bar/606 City Rd. Hulls Family Bookstore 127 Brodie Street South Quality Market 146 Cenntennial Square

Quality Market 1020 Dawson Rd. Mark Sault 409 George St. Metis Nation of Ontario 226 S. May St. John Howard Society Of Thunder Bay & District/132 N. Archibald St. The UPS Store/1020 Dawson Rd. Redwood Park /2609 Redwood Ave. Confederation College: 510 Victoria Ave. East 778 Grand Point Rd. 1500 S James St. 111 Frederica St.

Mascotto Marine Meno-ya-win Health Centre, Activity Centre Nishnawbe-Gamik Friendship Centre Northern Store Pelican Falls First Nation High School Rexall Drug Stores Queen Elizabeth D.H.S. Darren Lentz Queen Elizabeth D.H.S. Native Studies Robin’s Donuts Shibogama Tribal Council 81 King St. Sioux Lookout Meno-Ya-Win Health Centre, Nursing Flr. Sioux Lookout Public Library Sioux Lotto Sioux Pharmacy

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FEBRUARY 17, 2011

ᐅᐢᑲᑎᓴᐠ ᐃᐧᑭᐢᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑯᓯᐊᐧᐠ ᐊᓱᑕᒪᑫᐧᐃ ᓇᐢᑯᒥᑎᐃᐧᐣ

‘Youth will help move agenda’ EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY

AFN FINANCE DIRECTOR SUMMARY OF POSITION: Under the direction of the AFN Band Manager, the Finance Director will possess CA, RIA or CGA preferred; excellent understanding and work experience in all modules of the Saga ACC Pac ERP accounting programs; knowledgeable in the daily financial and accounting functions, implementation and maintenance of effective and efficient financial and material management control systems including ensuring effective administration of contracts and funding agreements. The incumbent will be responsible for: ¾ Provides assistance and ensuring preparation of all data pertaining to annual financial audit ¾ Responsible for the implementation and adherence of accounting procedures of the AFN Band Council; assists in the development and revision of applicable policies for recommendation to the Executive/Finance Committee. ¾ Act as administrator with AFN’s existing network ¾ Ability to communicate in the Cree language would be an asset. COMPENSATION: Will be determined upon qualifications and experience

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

ᐊᐣᑕ ᐅᒋ ᐸᐢᑫᑭᓂᑲᐣ 1

From page 1 During the conference, Cree lawyer and treaty expert Sharon Venne spoke about oral and written treaties and how the United Nations and international law recognize them. “These treaties are recognized internationally and need to be implemented,” she said. Kashechewan Chief Johnathon Solomon wants to see movement on this issue. “We are tired of talking; it is time to take action on our treaty rights now,” he said. Louttit said there is progress. “We have many challenges before us,” he said. “But with the unity I have felt during the last three days and with the commitment of the conference delegates, especially the youth, I feel very strongly that we can make a difference in moving the treaty agenda forward. There will be challenges, yes, but we can make a difference.”

DURATION: Permanent

                                                                  

                                                                      

LOCATION: Attawapiskat, Ontario

                                                           

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HOW TO APPLY: Please submit a resume with three (3) references to: Margaret Okimaw-LaValley Human Resources Director Attawapiskat First Nation P. O. Box 248 Attawapiskat, Ontario P0L 1A0

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Envelope marked “FINANCE DIRECTOR” *Job Description is available upon request*


AFN EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR/BAND MANAGER SUMMARY OF POSITION: Under the supervision, and direction of the Chief and Council of the Attawapiskat First Nation, the Executive Director/Band Manager is the senior administrative official of the Attawapiskat First Nation. The incumbent will have the post-secondary education in business or commerce, or equivalent experience in the senior administrative position; a good working knowledge pertaining to administration, programs, regulations and procedures including financial accounting principle; skills and abilities in dealing with native political organizations/governments and will be responsible for: ¾ Administer First Nation Administration Programs ¾ Supervise of staff and programs to ensure daily operation of all First Nation programs and services ¾ Managing all band operated programs, including financial, capital and other programs ¾ To develop proposals for funding, and facilitate in developing a strategic plan relating to capital, economic and other relating to First Nation ¾ Oversee all aspects of tenders, and contracts issued by the First Nation to ensure compliance with First Nation policies, procedures and specifications ¾ Working with and provide background information to the Chief and Council to ensure informed sound decisions ¾ Ensure that all contracts/funding arrangements entered into on behalf of the First Nation are achieved COMPENSATION: Will be determined upon qualifications and experience DURATION:



Attawapiskat, Ontario


FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 2011 AT 4:00 P.M.

HOW TO APPLY: Please submit a resume with three (3) references to: Margaret Okimaw-LaValley, Director, Human Resources Attawapiskat First Nation P. O. Box 248 Attawapiskat, Ontario P0L 1A0 Envelope marked “AFN Executive Director/Band Manager” *Job description is available upon request*

Five Nations Energy Inc. (FNEI) is seeking to hire a CEO, which will be located in Timmins. The CEO must relocate to Timmins if hired or when hired. The CEO will be responsible for the overall supervision, management and control, of the business and affairs of FNEI under the general direction of the Board of Directors. The CEO will be accountable for all on the “day to day” decisions regarding the Corporation’s financial, human resources, regulatory, resourcing, safety and environmental, obligations. The CEO will also be responsible for the establishment and achievement of current and longterm objectives of the FNEI organization including developing and implementing the strategic goals and objectives of the organization. With the President, will enable the Board to fulfill its governance function, and to provide direction and leadership toward the achievement of the organization’s philosophy, mission, strategy, and its annual goals and objectives. The CEO will oversee company operations to ensure internal efficiencies, outstanding quality of service to FNEI’s customers, and cost-effective management of resources. QUALIFICATIONS • The candidate must have grade 12/Post-Secondary education in Business Administration OR a minimum of 10 years of supervisory/managerial in progressively more responsible positions including a demonstrated ability to achieve goals and objectives and manage key customer/constituent relationships. • A clear demonstrated understanding of Ontario’s electricity sector including knowledge of the issues facing electricity transmission companies in Ontario. • Knowledge of the economic, social and political environment of the Western James Bay Region and/or experience with First Nations and/or knowledge of remote community realities. • Knowledge of financial management, business finance, contracts and partnership, including a history of for organization profit and loss. • Knowledge of public relations principle and practices, communication and public relation techniques, human resources principles, personnel policies & risk management. • The candidate must have proficient verbal and written English Communication skills. • Fluency in Cree language is an asset. • The candidate must be familiar with the Northern Communities and Cultural and lifestyle of Native People. • He/she must be willing to work and maintain positive working relationship with the leaders and people of the communities. If you are interested in this position, further information on FNEI can be found at or by contacting FNEI’s office at (705) 268-0056. Closing Date: April 15, 2011 at 4:30 pm Eastern Time. Please forward your application/resume with a current CPIC, and you must submit at least three references to the attention of Mr. James A Wesley, Vice-President, Five Nations Energy Inc. You may send your application by any of the following modes: By Mail: By Fax: By E-Mail:

Five Nation Energy Inc., 70-C Mountjoy St. North., Suite 421, Timmins, Ontario P4N 4V7 (705) 268 0071

For Sale THE CEDAR CANOE; what happened to Ryan? By Kathy Tetlock. $20.00 Each. A mother searches for answers to her son’s death by suicide/cocaine overdose in Red Lake, Ontario. Order by sending an email to thecedarcanoe@live.Com or on facebook.


USED VEHICLES: 2004 Skidoo 800 rev, reverse, cover $5,250. 1997 440z Arctic Cat, cover, $2,995. 1991 Chev half ton 2 x 4, $2,995. 2005 Ford Focus 5 door Hatchback, winter tires, traction control $9,995. Contact 807-223-5858

Pets FREE TO GOOD HOME Teacup Yorkie puppies. Current shots up to date. Both playfull with kids and other animals contact: for info

Fur Trading ATTENTION TRAPPERS there is a new drop of depot for Fur Harvesters Auction in Sioux Lookout. It is at Victor Ciurko residence 22-7th Ave Sioux Lookout tele. # 737-7504,please leave message. The next pick up will be Monday April 2, 2011. Fur may be dropped off ahead of time and advances are available. You may wish to send/bring your fur to town at the time of the upcoming native hockey tournament.

Wawatay News FEBRUARY 17, 2011


ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Sorting out the issues

Town of Sioux Lookout Non-Profit Housing Corporation Candidate for Board of Directors The Town of Sioux Lookout Non-Profit Housing Corporation provides both market value rental and low cost rental housing in the Municipality of Sioux Lookout. The Housing Corporation is dedicated to the provision of safe, affordable, quality housing to people of all ages. The corporation has 44 housing units dedicated to senior citizens, 8 units dedicated to low-income singles, and the remaining 102 units provided for family housing. We are seeking volunteers who would like to submit their names for consideration for appointment to the Board of Directors. The Town of Sioux Lookout Non-Profit Housing Corporation is a not-for-profit corporation. The board manages and governs the affairs of the corporation including: • Pass By-laws • Monitor use of funds and assets • Ensure compliance with legislation, regulation an directives • Ensure the Housing Corporation is managed in an efficient and effective manner • Establishing goals and objectives for the Housing Corporation consistent with it’s mandate and responsibilities For further information please call 737-1043. If you would like to be considered for an appointment to the Town of Sioux Lookout Non-Profit Housing Corporation Board of Directors, please submit a letter of interest by March 8, 2011 to: Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

Jean Crowder, New Democratic Party Aboriginal affairs critic and Nanaimo-Cowichan MP, spoke about a number of concerns brought up by First Nations representatives at a Feb. 12 meeting at Lakehead University. Those concerns include safe water, Sisters in Spirit campaign, issues affecting First Nation’s women, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada spending, implementation of Jordan’s Principle in cases of child welfare and the post-secondary student support program for First Nation’s students.

Town of Sioux Lookout Non-Profit Housing Corporation P.O. Box 1805 Sioux Lookout, Ontario, P8T 1C5 Attention: Board of Directors

Nitawin Community Development Corporation Box 308 Sioux Lookout, Ontario P8T 1A5 Ph: (807) 737-4574 Fax (807) 737-2076 Cell: (807) 738-0103 Toll Free: 1-866-261-1101 Email Website

Bookkeeper / Administrative Assistant Nitawin Community Development Corporation is accepting applications for the position of Bookkeeper / Administrative Assistant This position is in Sioux Lookout, Ontario Nitawin Community Development Corporation is a not-forprofit social housing agency that has been providing rent geared to income housing for aboriginal families and elders since 1986. Position Summary The Bookkeeper /Administrative Assistant will ensure the efficient day-to-day operations of the Nitawin Community Development Corporation office, and support the work of Management, Maintenance and the Board of Directors. Requirements • Graduation from a post secondary institution (University or College) in Business Administration, Accounting or Bookkeeping with minimum of 3 years related experience is preferred. Grade 12 education with equivalent combination of work and experience may be considered. • Must have proven skills in areas of Financial and Office Management. • Must be Bondable • Must live within commuting distance of Sioux Lookout • The ability to maintain confidentiality is essential Responsibilities • Maintains all financial records using Simply Accounting software. • Prepare statistical, financial and accounting reports as required • Assist in the co-ordination of administrative procedures such as budget submissions and contract administration • Data input and maintenance of the Tenant and Housing Unit database • Provide administrative, reception and clerical duties such as greeting visitors, answering phones, sort incoming mail, typing, filing, faxing and photocopying, etc. • Prepare meeting agendas and record meeting minutes • Other duties as assigned by the Housing Manager Please send a resume with 3 employment references in confidence by email to: , Attn: Manager Closing Date: Friday February 18, 2011 at 4:00 pm

The Northwest Catholic District School Board Native Language Teaching Position A qualified part-time (.81 FTE) Native Language teacher is required for the Primary and Junior divisions: Grade 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 at Sacred Heart School in Sioux Lookout, Ontario commencing as soon as possible and terminating on June 24, 2011, with the possibility of an extension. Requirements: Current proof of registration and Certificate of Qualification from the Ontario College of Teachers and Native Language Qualifications or a willingness to acquire same. Professional references and a Criminal Background check must be provided. A demonstrated faith life and a strong commitment to Catholic education is an asset. Application Procedures: Candidates must complete the Board’s employment application package. This may be obtained by contacting the Human Resources Dept. at 807-274-2931, ext. 1221, Toll Free 888-311-2931, ext. 1221 or email . Interested applicants are encouraged to visit our web site at www. for further information on our Board and schools. Completed applications must be submitted by 3:00 p.m. on Wednesday, February 16, 2011 to: Margot Saari, Principal Sacred Heart School P.O. Box 1059 Sioux Lookout, ON P8T 1B7 Phone: 807-737-1121 Fax: 807-737-4146 “Equal Opportunity Employer” Only those applicants selected for an interview will be contacted. Anne-Marie Fitzgerald Board Chair

Mary-Catherine Kelly Director of Education

Kwayaciiwin Education Resource Center in Sioux Lookout, Ontario is seeking an

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR The Executive Director is the senior employee and chief administrative officer of the Kwayaciiwin Education Resource Center (KERC). The Executive Director is responsible for overseeing the day to day operations of its staff and programs. The Executive Director reports to the Board of Directors. RESPONSIBILITIES The Key responsibilities include managing the programs and staff of KERC, ensuring proper planning for the programs and services provided by KERC, implementing the policies of KERC and decisions of the Board, maintaining proper communication with the staff, Board and other key partners and managing the resources of KERC. QUALIFICATIONS • The position requires an experienced manager with an expert knowledge of First Nation education systems. • Administration experience is required including planning of programs and services, coordination of implementation activities, and supervision of staff. • Experience in preparing reports and making presentations. • An understanding of planning, monitoring and evaluation practices and processes. • Knowledge of First Nations education needs and systems • Strong planning, organizational and coordination skills and ability to manage complex projects. • A demonstrated ability to work with First Nations and culturally sensitive to First Nation issues and the district it serves. • Self-motivated, organized, able to lead a team of professional staff. • Excellent interpersonal, communications and computer skills. • Bachelor of Arts degree preferred • Fluency in Ojibway, Oji-Cree or Cree is a definite asset SALARY To commensurate with education & experience. KERC offers a comprehensive group insurance & pension plan. To apply: Please submit a resume, three most recent employment references with written permission to contact, and a covering letter via email to: Eugene Southwind, Finance & Human Resources Officer Kwayaciiwin Education Resource Centre Email: Closing Date for Applications: February 18, 2011 A detailed job description may be obtained by calling Eugene Southwind at (807) 737-7373 ext 19. An up to date Criminal Reference and Child Abuse Registry check required at time of hiring. *KERC thanks all those who apply, only those selected for an interview will be contacted*


Wawatay News

FEBRUARY 17, 2011

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

SPORTS Angeconeb places fourth

Tomahawks overwhelm Hawks

Joy Fox/Wawatay News

Lac Seul Tomahawks beat the Pikangikum Hawks 10-0 in the Bantam-A division at the Little Bands Native Youth Hockey Tournament in Sioux Lookout Feb. 14.

Sabrina Angeconeb placed fourth in her age group at the army cadets provincial biathlon championship Feb. 4-6 at Falcon Lake on the Manitoba/ Ontario border. She was also eighth out of 18 female skiers. “I was pretty happy. I just missed a medal,” Angeconeb, a Bearskin Lake band member and Thunder Bay resident, said. Despite training since September, when race time came, it was a challenge, she said. “We never really trained on icy, hard trails,” she said. “It was much harder to ski than I thought it would be.” Biathlon combines crosscountry skiing and shooting, altnernating between both for the race. At the qualifying race in November, the biathlete ran and shot because there was no snow. “It was a pretty awesome experience to get to have a real race,” she said, admitting she battled a small bit of performance anxiety when she arrived in Falcon Lake. “When we got there, I didn’t really want to ski. I looked around at everyone else and they seemed so big and strong and scary.” But she overcame her fears. And now she is looking forward to resuming her training in September for next year. - JT



737-0666 HWY #516 SIOUX LOOKOUT, ON BOX 1266 P8T 1B8 Phone: 807-737-2444

20 Black Bear Rd., Box 3010 Sioux Lookout, ON P8T 1J8

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737-4643 or 738-0047 Toll Free 1-877-337-4643 or Fax 1-866-891-2550 Auto Repair, Heavy Equipment Repair Welding & Fabricating, MTO Safety Inspections Praxair Distributor


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Wawatay News FEBRUARY 17, 2011


ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Valentine wrestling James Thom/Wawatay News

Weagamow Lake’s Jonathan Crane competes in the72 kilogram weight class at the Hammarskjold High School Valentines Wrestling Tournament Feb. 9. Crane represented Dennis Franklin Cromarty High School at the tournament. Results from the tournament weren’t available as of press time.

NOTICE OF COMPLETION ENVIRONMENTAL STUDY REPORT CLASS ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT (EA) STUDY GOLDCORP RED LAKE GOLD MINE 115 KV POWER SUPPLY TRANSMISSION LINE HARRY’S CORNER TO BALMER COMPLEX Goldcorp Inc. (Goldcorp) has completed a draft Environmental Study Report for the construction of a new 115 kV electric power transmission line (10.7 km in length – see key map). The design uses H-frame poles. The proposed Project includes two other components: line tap/ disconnect switch at Harry's Corner and 115/44 kV transformer sub-station/control building at Goldcorp’s Balmer complex. Clearing for construction is planned to be initiated late winter 2011. Following construction/commissioning, Goldcorp will transfer ownership of the line to Hydro One Networks Inc. (HONI) to maintain and operate. Goldcorp owns and operates Red Lake Gold Mines. Current operational power demand on the existing 43 megavolt ampere (MVA) supply system is reaching capacity, causing fluctuations and outages. Capacity will likely be exceeded at end of 2011/early 2012. Goldcorp plans to improve efficiency/safety, and access other ore. The line will provide for required capacity for the improvements. The study followed the “Class Environmental Assessment for Minor Transmission Facilities” (Hydro One, 1992), as approved under Ontario’s Environmental Assessment Act (URL: ass_ea.pdf). In accordance with the Class EA, a draft Environmental Study Report (ESR) has been completed and is being made available for public review and comment for a 30-day review period (Wednesday, February 9, 2011 to Thursday, March 10, 2011). This draft ESR is available at the following locations:

James Thom/Wawatay News

Jaxon Calder, a Couchiching band member, won his first bout at the Hammarskjold High School Valentines Wrestling Tournament Feb. 9. He defeated fellow Hammaskjold wrestler Daniel Hobley-Hay in the 83-kilogram weight class.

Municipality of Red Lake Tel.: (807) 735-2096 Fax: (807) 735-2286 2 Fifth Street, Balmertown, ON

Ministry of the Environment, Northern Region Technica James Street, Suite 331 Thunder Bay, ON Tel: (807) 475-1205 Toll Free: 1-800-875-7772

Red Lake Indian Friendship Centre (IFC) 807-727-2847 #1 Legion Road, Red Lake, ON, P0V 2M0

Red Lake Public Library 117 Howey St., Red Lake, ON P0V 2M0 Tel/Fax: (807)727-2230

If, following a review of the ESR, a party has outstanding concerns about the Project, these should be raised with Goldcorp (see contact below). If Goldcorp cannot satisfy expressed opposition to the project, then a written objection and “bump-up” (elevate) request could be forwarded to the Director of the Environmental Assessment and Approvals Branch, Ministry of the Environment (MOE) (see contact below) for decision as to whether the project should proceed as a Class EA or require an individual EA. A copy of the request must also be sent to Goldcorp. Written requests must be received by the Director no later than Thursday, March 10, 2011. Mr. David Gelderland Ms. Agatha Garcia-Wright Goldcorp-Red Lake Gold Mines Director Environmental Assessment & Approvals Branch Environment Manager Ministry of the Environment 15 Mine Road, Bag 2000 2 St. Clair Ave W, Floor 12A Balmertown, ON P0V 1C0 Toronto, ON M4V 1L5 Tel.: 807-735-2077 (Ext 5230) Toll Free: 800-461-6290 Fax: 807-735-2037 Fax: 416-314-8452 Email: Information will be collected and used in accordance with the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act, solely for the purposes of assisting Goldcorp in meeting the requirements of the Environmental Assessment Act. This material will be maintained on file for use during the study and may be included in project documentation. With the exception of personal information, all comments will become part of the Public Record.


Wawatay News

FEBRUARY 17, 2011

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February 17, 2011 Northern Ontario’s First Nation Voice since 1974

Seven Sacred Teachings a success Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Shannen Koostachin’s battle for a better school for her community was highlighted during a leadership workshop at this year’s Seven Sacred Teachings conference. “She started the largest child right’s movement in the country of Canada,” said Joyce Hunter, director of SEVEN Youth Media Network and one of the Director’s of Change leadership workshop presenters. “She was nominated for the Nobel Peace prize for taking an idea and making it a reality.” Sachigo Lake’s Pelican Munroe enjoyed learning more about leadership during the Director’s of Change workshop, which was also presented by Jessica Edwards. “The workshop was about ideas and things for our communities, things we can take back and use,” said the firsttime participant at the annual conference. “The weekend was pretty interesting – I learned a lot from the sacred teachings and the workshops.” Nishnawbe Aski Nation Deputy Grand Chief Les Louttit said the annual conference provides youth from across NAN territory with an opportunity to discuss the issues affecting their lives. “They come here and they realize they are not alone – it’s the same issues in all the communities,” Louttit said. “So it’s having a unifying effect with the result ... they are now involved in actually organizing the conference, they’re involved in setting up workshops and facilitating.” More than 100 youth aged 12-29 from all across NAN territory attended the Seven Sacred Teachings conference, which was held Feb. 12-14 at the Best Western Nor’Wester Hotel and Conference Centre with an opening prayer by NAN Elder Bob Sutherland and opening comments from Grand Chief Stan Beardy, Deputy Grand Chief Terry Waboose, Louttit and Thunder Bay Mayor Keith Hobbs. “It was really good,” said Jason Smallboy, NAN’s Oski-Machiitawin assistant and a conference organizers. “Everybody enjoyed themselves.” see UNIVERSAL page B3

Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

Marissa Meekis and Leanne Meekis, two youth from Deer Lake, and Photo Voice presenter Alice Sabourin, back, put the finishing touches on the Photo Voice murals during this year’s Seven Sacred Teachings conference Feb. 12-14 in Thunder Bay.

ᓂᓴᐧᓯ ᑲᓇᒋ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐧᐃᓇᐣ ᒪᐧᐊᐨ ᑭᒥᓄᓭ ᕑᐃᐠ ᑫᕑᐃᐠ ᐊᐧᐊᐧᑌ ᑎᐸᒋᒧᐃᐧᐣ

ᔕᓇᐣ ᑯᐢᑕᒋᐣ ᑲᑭ ᒪᐃᐧᓀᐢᑲᐣᑭᐸᐣ ᓇᐧᐊᐨ ᒋᑭ ᒥᓇᐧᔑᓂᑭᐸᐣ ᐅᑎᐢᑯᓄᐃᐧᑲᒥᐠ ᐃᒪ ᐅᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐊᒥᐦᐃᐁᐧ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᑭ ᑭᒋ ᐊᓂᒧᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐃᒪ ᑲᑭ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᓇᓂᐊᐧᑭᐸᐣ ᓂᓴᐧᓯ ᑲᓇᒋ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑲᐃᔑᓂᑲᑌᐠ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᐣ. ᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᑭ ᒪᒋᑐᐣ ᐁᑭ ᑭᒋ ᐊᐧᑲᐃᐧᓇᐣᐠ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᒥᐦᔕᐠ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᔑᐃᐧ ᒪᐢᑲᐃᐧᓯᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᒪ ᑲᓇᑕ ᑲᐃᓂᑯᑲᐧᐠ, ᐃᑭᑐ ᒐᐧᔾᐃᐢ ᐦᐊᐣᑎᕑ, ᑲᓂᑲᓂᐢᑲᐠ ᐅᐢᑲᑎᓯᐃᐧ ᑎᐸᒋᒧᒪᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᔦ ᑲᑭ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐨ ᑲᐊᐣᑎᓇᑲᓄᐨ ᓂᑲᓂᑕᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᓂᐠ. ᑭᐅᑕᐱᓇᑲᓄᐸᐣ ᐃᒪ ᐯᔑᐠ ᑭᒋᐸᑭᓇᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐅᑎᐸᒋᒧᐠ ᑲᐃᔑ ᑭᐦᑕᑭᒪᑲᓄᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᔥ ᐁᑭ ᑲᐢᑭᑐᐨ ᐃᐁᐧ ᒋᑐᑕᐣᐠ ᐅᑎᐸᒋᒧᐃᐧᐣ.. ᐊᒋᑯᐃᐧᓴᑲᐦᐃᑲᓂᐃᐧᓂ ᐯᓫᐃᑲᐣ ᒪᐣᕑᐅ

ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᑭ ᒥᓀᐧᐣᑕᐣ ᒥᐢᑕᐦᐃ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᐁᑭ ᐅᐣᒋ ᑭᑫᐣᑕᑭᐣ ᐃᒪ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᓂᐠ, ᒉᓯᑲ ᐁᑐᐧᐊᐟᐢ ᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᑭ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐨ. ᐅᐁᐧ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᑭᔭᔭᐣᐠ ᐣᑭ ᒪᒪᐃᐧᓇᒥᓇᐣ ᓂᑎᓀᐣᑕᒧᐃᐧᓂᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐱᑯ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᐃᒪ ᓂᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᓇᐣ ᑫᐊᐸᒋᑐᔭᐠ ᑫᑭᐁᐧᐃᑐᔭᐣᐠ. ᑭᐃᑭᑐ ᐊᐁᐧ ᓂᐢᑕᑦ ᑲᑭ ᐊᐣᑐᑕᐠ ᐃᒪ ᑭᒋ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᓂᐠ. ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑭᒥᓀᐧᐣᑕᑲᐧᐣ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᐁᑭ ᓄᐣᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᒥᐢᑕᐦᐃ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᐣᑭ ᐅᐣᒋ ᑭᑫᐣᑕᓇᐣ ᐃᒪ ᐅᐣᒋ ᑲᓇᒋ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᔦ ᐃᒪ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᑲᑭ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ. ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑭᒋ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓀᐢ ᓫᐁᐢ ᓫᐅᑎᐟ ᐃᑭᑐ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑕᓯᐊᐦᑭ ᑲᐸᑭᑎᓂᑲᑌᐠ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᐢᑲᑎᓴᐠ ᐅᒪ ᒥᓯᐁᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᐣᒌ ᓯᓭᓂ ᒋᐊᓂᒧᑕᒧᐧᐊᐨ ᐅᑎᓯᓭᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᑲᓇᓇᑭᐢᑲᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᐱᒪᑎᓯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ. ᐅᒪ ᐱᔕᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᔥ ᐅᑐᐣᒋ ᑭᑫᐣᑕᓇᐊᐧ ᐁᑲ ᐃᐧᓀᐦᑕᐊᐧ ᒋᐱᒥᐃᐧᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐣ ᐁᐃᐧᒋᐃᐧᑯᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᒥᐱᑯ ᒥᓯᐁᐧ

ᐁᐃᓯᓭᑭᐣ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ, ᓫᐅᑎᐟ ᐃᑭᑐ. ᐊᒥᑕᔥ ᐃᒪ ᐁᐅᐣᒋ ᒪᒪᐃᐧᓂᑫᒪᑲᐠ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑕᔥ ᒥᓄᓭ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᑐᒋᑲᑌᐠ... ᑫᐃᐧᓇᐊᐧ ᐊᐦᐸᐣ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᐅᓇᒋᑲᑌᓂᐠ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᐣ, ᐁᐅᓇᒋᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᐁᐅᓂᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᑫᑯᓀᓇᐣ ᑫᐊᓂᒧᒋᑲᑌᓂᐠ. ᐊᐊᐧᔑᒣ 100 ᐅᐢᑲᑎᓴᐠ 12-29 ᑲᑕᓯᐱᐳᓀᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓯᐁᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑲᐃᔑ ᑎᐯᐣᒋᑫᐨ ᑭᐱᔕᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᒪ ᓂᓴᐧᓯ ᑲᓇᒋ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᓂᐠ, ᑲᑕᑲᐧᑭᓯᐨ ᐱᓯᑦ 12-14 ᑲᐃᓇᐣᑭᓯᐨ ᐃᒪ ᐯᔑᐠ ᓂᐯᐃᐧᑲᒥᑯᐠ ᑲᑭ ᑕᔑ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᓇᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑕᐣᑐᕑ ᐯ ᐊᐁᐧ ᑲᑭ ᐸᑭᓇᐠ ᐊᒥᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑭᒋᔭᐦᐊ ᐸᐧᑊ ᓴᑕᓇᐣᐟ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᔥ ᒥᓇ ᑲᔦ ᑲᑭ ᐸᑭᑎᓇᐠ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᓂ ᑭᒋ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᐣ ᐢᑕᐣ ᐯᔭᑎ, ᑭᒋ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓀᐢ ᑌᕑᐃ ᐊᐧᐳᐢ, ᓫᐅᑎᐟ ᒥᓇ ᑲᔦ ᑕᐣᑐᕑ ᐯ ᑲᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐨ ᑭᐟ ᐦᐊᐧᑊᐢ. ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑭᒥᓄᓭ, ᐃᑭᑐ ᒉᓯᐣ ᓯᒪᐸᐧᔾ, ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᐅᐢᑭ ᒪᒋᑕᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐅᐣᒋ

ᐊᓂᑭᓇᑲᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᔦ ᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᓂᑲᓂ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᐣᑕᐠ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᐣ. ᑲᑭᓇ ᐊᐃᐧᔭ ᑭᒥᓀᐧᐣᑕᑦ. ᐊᓯᐨ ᑲᔦ ᐅᑫᐧᓂᐊᐧᐣ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑲᑭᔭᑭᐣ, ᐅᐢᑲᑎᓴᐠ ᑭᐃᔕᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᑭ ᐊᐣᑐᐃᐧ ᓇᐣᑐᑕᐊᐧᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᓂᑲᒧᐣ ᑲᑕᑲᐧᑭᓯᐨ ᐱᓯᑦ 12 ᔕᔭᐣ ᐦᐳᕑᐊᑲ, ᒐᐃᐧ ᐢᑕᔪᐢ, ᐱᓂᐠᐢ ᒥᓇ ᓂᔭᓇᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐅᐢᑲᑎᓴᐠ 2010 ᐅᐸᑭᓇᑫᐠ, ᒥᓇ ᑲᔦ ᑲᑕᑲᐧᑭᓯᐨ ᐱᓯᑦ 13 ᑲᐃᓇᐣᑭᓯᐨ ᐁᑭ ᐊᐣᑕᐃᐧ ᒪᓯᓇᑌᓯᒋᑫᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᔥ ᑲᔦ ᐯᔑᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐃᔑᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐊᓄᓇᑯᔑᐠ ᐁᑭ ᑐᒋᑲᑌᐠ. ᐃᒪ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᑲᑭ ᐊᓂᒧᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᓂᑲᓂᑕᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐊᐣᒋᐦᐊᑲᓄᐨ, ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐃᑭᓯᑲᓂᐠ ᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᐃᐧᐣᑕᒪᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᐊᓫᐃᐢ ᓴᐳᕑᐃᐣ, ᑲᑭᐢᑌᓂᒥᑎᓇᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐁᐢᑕ ᒪᑫ ᑲᑭ ᐊᓂᒧᑕᐠ, ᓂᓴᐧᓯ ᐅᒥᔓᒥᒪ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᕑᐧᐊᓂ ᐊᒥᐠ ᐃᓇᐱᐣ ᐸᑭᑭᓂᑲᓂᐠ B3


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FEBRUARY 17, 2011

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FEBRUARY 17, 2011


ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

A day at the Fort

“Sharing the History What is the Future?”


James Thom/Wawatay News

Anishnawbe Mushkiki held a family fun day at Fort William Historical Park Feb. 12 in Thunder Bay. See more photos on B7.

Universal vote, residential schools discussed from B1 In addition to the regular conference activities and workshops, the youth also attended a Feb. 12 concert featuring Shy-Anne Hovorka, Joey Stylez, Feenix and five Aboriginal Youth Tour 2010 winners, a Feb. 13 night out at the Famous Players Silver City movie theatre and a night lodge ceremony. Conference workshops included Directors of Change, Photo Voice by Alice Sabourin, Respecting Each Other by Esther McKay, Seven Grandfather Teachings by Ronnie Beaver, Oral History/Teachings/ Culture in Motion by Sutherland, Women Empowerment by Donna Orr, Healthy Lifestyles by Phyllis Shaugabay, Sweat Lodge Teachings by Conrad Iahtail, Drumming and Singing by Shaugabay, Climate Change and the Boreal North by Denise Golden, Tobacco Teachings by Laura Calmwind and VSP Tool by Carleton University. Keynote speakers were Daniel Sakchekapo and Jessica Yee

and special presentations were held on Motion 571 – Shannen’s Dream, Treaty Discussion Forum, NAN Universal Vote and History of Residential Schools. “I learned a lot about the hand drum teachings and the sweat lodge and finding a balance is important,” said Paige Mawakeesic, a youth from Wawakapewin who has been to almost every Seven Sacred Teachings conference. “There’s always new people – it changes every year. It’s always interesting, especially to get the chance to do these ceremonies.” Kyle Chapias, a youth from Ginoogaming, enjoyed the sweat lodge teachings. “I was supposed to go to it today but I was in Drumming and Singing teachings,” Chapias said. “I usually drum at the powwow and I usually dance, but I don’t know how to sing though. I want to learn how.” Marissa Meekis, a first-time youth from Deer Lake, enjoyed the Photo Voice workshop. “We added a lot of pictures on the (mural),” Meekis said.

ᑭᒋ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ, ᐊᐊᐧᔑᔕᐠ ᑲᑭ ᐃᔑ ᑲᓇᐁᐧᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᑭᐊᓂᒧᒋᑲᑌᐊᐧᐣ ᐃᒪ ᐅᒋ ᐸᑭᑭᓂᑲᓂᐠ B1

ᑲᑭ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐨ, ᐅᑕᓇᐣᐠ ᑲᑭ ᐱᐃᓯᓭᑭᐣ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ/ ᑭ ᑭ ᓄ ᐦ ᐊ ᒪ ᑫ ᐃ ᐧ ᓇ ᐣ / ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯᐊᐧᑎᓯᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᓴᑕᓫᐊᐣᐟ ᑲᑭ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐨ, ᐃᑫᐧᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᒪᐢᑲᐃᐧᓯᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᑕᐧᓇ ᐅᕑ, ᒥᓄᔭᐃᐧᐣ ᐱᓫᐃᐢ ᔕᑲᐯ, ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐃᔑᒋᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐣᕑᐊᐟ ᐊᔾᑌᓫ, ᒪᑌᐧᐦᐃᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯᐃᐧ ᓂᑲᒧᐃᐧᐣ ᔕᑲᐯ ᐅᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ, ᑲᐃᔑ ᐊᔭᐣᒋᐁᐧᐸᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑲᔦ ᑭᒋ ᑭᐁᐧᑎᓄᐠ ᑎᓂᐢ ᑯᓫᑎᐣ ᐅᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ, ᑎᐸᑯ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᓫᐊᕑᐊ ᑲᐧᑦᐃᐧᐣᐟ ᒥᓇ VSP Tool ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᑭᑐᑕᐠ ᑲᓫᐅᑎᐣ ᑭᒋ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᑲᒥᐠ. ᒪᔭᑦ ᑲᑭ ᑲᑭᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᑕᓂᔭᐣ ᓴᑭᒋᑲᐸᐤ ᒥᓇ ᒉᓯᑲ ᔦ ᒥᓇ ᑭᒋ ᑎᐸᒋᒧᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑭᐸᑭᑎᓂᑲᑌᐊᐧᐣ ᐃᐁᐧ ᐅᐣᒋ ᐅᓇᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ 571 ᔕᓇᐣ ᐅᐸᐊᐧᒧᐃᐧᐣ, ᐅᑭᒪᐃᐧᐣ ᐅᑕᔑᑕᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᐊᓂᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ, ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯ ᐊᐢᑭ ᑭᒋ ᐱᐣᒋᐁᐧᐱᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐅᑕᓇᐣᐠ ᑲᑭᐱᐃᓯᓭᐠ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᔕᐠ ᑲᑭᑕᔑ ᑲᓇᐁᐧᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐨ. ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᐢᑕᐦᐃ ᓂᑭ ᐅᐣᒋ

ᑭᑫᐣᑕᓇᐣ ᒪᑌᐧᐦᐃᑲᓂᐃᐧ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯᐃᐧ ᐃᔑᒋᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᓇᓇᐣᑎᓂᑲᑌᐠ ᑕᐱᑕ ᑫᑯᓇᐣ ᑫᐃᔑ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᐣᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑭᒋᓀᐣᑕᑲᐧᐣ, ᐸᑭᑐ ᐯᐨ ᒪᐊᐧᑭᓯᐠ, ᐅᐢᑲᑎᐢ ᐊᐧᐊᐧᑲᐱᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐁᐅᐣᒋᐨ ᐊᔕ ᑫᑲᐟ ᑲᑭᓇ ᓂᓴᐧᓯ ᑲᓇᒋ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᐁᐃᔕᐨ. ᓇᔑᓀ ᐱᑯ ᐊᐃᐧᔭᐠ ᑲᐊᐧᐸᒪᐠ ᑕᓯᐅᐦᑭ ᐱᑯ ᐊᓂ ᐊᐣᒋᓭ. ᑲᒪᒪᑲᑌᐣᑕᐣ ᔕ, ᐃᐁᐧ ᒪᐊᐧᐨ ᑫᒋᐊᐧᐠ ᑲᐃᐧᒋᑕᐧᔭᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯᐃᐧ ᐃᔑᒋᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ. ᑲᔪᓫ ᒐᐯ, ᐅᐢᑲᑎᐢ ᐃᒪ ᑭᓄᑲᒥᐣᐠ ᐁᐅᐣᒋᐨ, ᐅᑭᒥᓀᐧᐣᑕᓇᐣ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯᐃᐧ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ. ᐣᑕᑭ ᐃᔕᓇᐸᐣ ᓄᑯᑦ ᑲᑭᔑᑲᐠ ᐣᑭ ᐅᐣᑕᒥᓭ ᐃᒪ ᒪᑌᐧᐦᐃᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯᐃᐧ ᓂᑲᒧᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑲᐃᔑ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ, ᒐᐯ ᐃᑭᑐ. ᓂᓂᐦᑕ ᒪᑌᐧᐦᐃᑫ ᑲᐃᔑ ᐸᐧᓂᔑᒧᓇᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑲᔦ ᓂᓂᑦ, ᔕᑯᐨ ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᒋᓂᐦᑕ ᓂᑲᒧᔭᐣ. ᓂᐃᐧ ᑲᑫᐧ ᑭᑫᐣᑕᐣ. ᒥᓫᐃᓴ ᒥᑭᐢ, ᐅᐢᑲᑎᐢ ᐊᑎᑯᓴᑲᐦᐃᑲᓂᐠ ᐁᐅᐣᒋᐨ, ᐅᑭ ᒥᓀᐧᐣᑕᐣ ᒪᓯᓇᑭᓯᑲᓂᐠ ᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᑭᑭᓄᐦᐊᒪᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᒪᐊᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᐃᐧᐣ. ᒥᐢᑕᐦᐃ ᓂᑭ ᒪᓯᓇᑭᓯᑫᒥᐣ (ᑲᐃᔑ ᐅᑲᐧᑯᑌᑭᐣ), ᒥᑭᐢ ᐃᑭᑐ.

Lakehead University - University Centre, Room 2011 Thunder Bay, Ontario February 23-24, 2011

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Youth learn how to grow traditional tobacco Rick Garrick Wawatay News

Tobacco teachings were presented Feb. 13 by Laura Calmwind and Phyllis Shaugabay during this yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Seven Sacred Teachings conference. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Commercial tobacco has a lot of chemicals â&#x20AC;&#x201C; itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not really good for you when you smoke it,â&#x20AC;? said Calmwind, youth coordinator with the Chiefs of Ontario. Calmwind showed the youth a bag of traditional tobacco, noting the differences between the commercial tobacco now sold in stores and the traditional tobacco once grown by First Nations people. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This is the tobacco the Haudenosaunee grow,â&#x20AC;? Calmwind said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The man who grows this tobacco has the original seeds that have been passed down through the generations.â&#x20AC;? Calmwind said the man grows the tobacco the way it is supposed to be grown, by the seasons. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This is pure tobacco,â&#x20AC;? Calmwind said. More than 100 youth aged 12-29 from all across NAN territory attended the Seven Sacred Teachings conference, which was held Feb. 12-14 at the Best Western Norâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Wester Hotel and Conference Centre near Thunder Bay. Calmwind also described the Three Nations Youth Tobacco Protocol Project that was completed over the past year focusing on how the youth feel about tobacco. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The way we use tobacco

now was not the way we used tobacco back in the olden days,â&#x20AC;? Calmwind said. Calmwind stressed the project is aimed at educating people about what tobacco was used for, how it could make people strong when used properly and sick when used improperly. Calmwind and Shaugabay then showed the youth how to make a form of tobacco by scraping the bark off three different types of willow trees. Traditional tobacco is used in ceremonial pipes, as an offering or as a gift. It should not be used for smoking or dipping, according to the Three Nations Youth Draft Tobacco Protocol. After learning how to scrape the bark off the willow branches, Weagamow Lakeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Brent Patawanick is thinking about making more tobacco once he gets back to his community. â&#x20AC;&#x153;These things are interesting,â&#x20AC;? Patawanick said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d like to make my own now that I know how.â&#x20AC;? Lakesha Meekis, a youth from Sioux Lookout, also enjoyed learning how to make tobacco from the different types of willow bark. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I learned about the different kinds of tobacco and what it can do for you,â&#x20AC;? said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m going to ask my grandfather about it.â&#x20AC;? Poplar Hillâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Travis Moose found the Tobacco Teachings to be â&#x20AC;&#x153;very interesting,â&#x20AC;? noting he had attended the Tobacco Free conference the previous week in Thunder Bay. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m trying to quit (smoking) too,â&#x20AC;? Moose said.

Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

Two youth scrape bark from black willow branches during the Tobacco Teachings workshop, presented Feb. 13 by Chiefs of Ontarioâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Laura Calmwind during this yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Seven Sacred Teachings conference, held Feb. 12-14 in Thunder Bay.

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FEBRUARY 17, 2011

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Scenes from Seven Sacred Teachings conference

Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

ABOVE: Two youth scrape bark off some red willow branches during the Tobacco Teachings workshop during this year’s Seven Sacred Teachings conference Feb. 12-14 in Thunder Bay. RIGHT: A group of youth work on one of the murals in the Photo Voice workshop. LEFT: Keynote Daniel Sakchekapo talks about the abuses he suffered while growing up and how it affected his life.

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FEBRUARY 17, 2011

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Lac Seul gets Ranger patrol Peter Moon Special to Wawatay News

A graduation parade Feb. 4 marking the opening of northern Ontario’s newest Canadian Ranger patrol was “a very proud day for us,” said Chief Clifford Bull of Lac Seul First Nation. “I think it’s awesome that we now have this patrol here in our community,” he said. “It’s something that we’ve always wanted and feel we have needed. It is a tremendous day for us. “These Canadian Rangers will be setting an example and acting as role models for our young people, who will be looking up to them. It’s exciting to hear that we can look forward to getting the Junior Canadian Ranger program established in our community, too.” The Lac Seul patrol brings the number of communities with Ranger patrols in northern Ontario to 19 and the total number of Canadian Rangers in the province to 550. “The graduation parade was great,” said Major Guy Ingram, commanding officer of the Canadian Rangers in northern Ontario. “Everyone seemed to have a family member here or a friend and there was great support from the community. It was good to see them taking pictures and getting involved.” Brig.-Gen. Fred Lewis, the reviewing officer and commander of the army in Ontario, told the graduates they would be a valuable addition to the Canadian Forces resources in Ontario’s Far North. He presented Sgt. Brad Ross, the new patrol leader, with his sergeant’s stripes. “It feels great being the new patrol sergeant,” Ross said. “I was very honoured and excited at the same time.” He is a Lac Seul band councillor and auxiliary police officer. He was formerly a Canadian Ranger with the nearby Muskrat Dam patrol.

Peter Moon, Canadian Rangers/Special to Wawatay News

ABOVE: New Canadian Rangers in Lac Seul salute during their graduation parade. LEFT: Brig.-Gen. Fred Lewis speaks with newly promoted Sgt. Brad Ross at the graduation parade Feb. 4.

Sgt. Peter Moon is the public affairs ranger for 3rd Canadian Ranger Patrol Group at Canadian Forces Base Borden. See

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FEBRUARY 17, 2011


ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Winter fun in the sun

James Thom/Wawatay News

Anishnawbe Mushkiki held a family fun day at Fort William Historical Park Feb. 12 in Thunder Bay. Youth and parents participated in traditional activities including stick ball, double ball, dog sledding, sliding, drumming and other activities. Dozens of families participated in the day’s activities.

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FEBRUARY 17, 2011

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Wawatay Radio Network presents... Live play-by-play action of the

2011 Northern First Nations Hockey Tournament March 14 to 20

Support your favourite team or teams by sponsoring a game so we can bring the action to your home.

Listen Live!

WRN 89.9FM Sioux Lookout Bell ExpressVu Channel 962 Online streaming and updated scores at

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SPONSORSHIP FORM 2011 Northern First Nations Hockey Tournament The Northern First Nations Hockey Tournament is once again happening from March 16th to the 20th, 2010 in Sioux Lookout. Wawatay Radio Network will, once again, be broadcasting live play-by-play coverage of this Big Event. Only because of your generous sponsorships are we able to broadcast the Tournament. Please support your favorite team or teams from your area. WAWATAY Radio Network is pleased to hear of your potential sponsorships. In order to proceed will you please take a moment to fill out the form below and fax it to (807) 737-3224 or (807) 737-1403. Yes, I wish to sponsor live play-by-play action of the Northern First Nations Hockey Tournament for: ____________________________________________________ Game/Hour at $150.00 per team. For Community: _________________________________________________________________ Team Name: _________________________________________________________________ # of games: _________________________________________________________________ Name of Sponsor: _________________________________________________________________ Send the invoice to: _________________________________________________________________ (your address) _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Or payable to: Wawatay Radio Network (Sponsorships) Play by Play Hockey Live Coverage c/o Wawatay Native Communications Society P.O. Box 1180 Sioux Lookout, Ont. P8T 1B7 AUTHORIZED SIGNATURE: ____________________________________________________________ Purchase Order # (If applicable): ______________________________________________________

You can listen to the live play-by-play action on

89.9FM or across Canada on Bell TV channel 962 or online at, streaming it LIVE!

Wawatay News

FEBRUARY 17, 2011

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ


Near completion Adrienne Fox/Wawatay News

The Jeremiah McKay Kabayshewekamik is a 100-bed facility that replaces an outdated hostel used to accommodate medical patients from remote First Nations in the Sioux Lookout area. The new hostel recently received its occupancy permit from the Municipality of Sioux Lookout, which will allow staff to begin moving in to the facility. Clients are expected to be taken in soon.

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Emplois d’été Canada, une initiative du gouvernement du Canada, accorde du ¿nancement pour aider les organismes sans but lucratif, les employeurs du secteur public et les petites entreprises comptant 50 employés ou moins à créer des emplois d’été pour les étudiants de 15 à 30 ans.

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Si vous êtes un employeur et que vous répondez aux critères d’admissibilité, présentez votre demande du 1er au 28 février 2011. Dès le 1er février, le formulaire de demande et le Guide du demandeur seront disponibles sur notre site Web ou dans l’un des Centres Service Canada.

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B 10

Wawatay News

FEBRUARY 17, 2011

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ


Dates set for film tour James Thom Wawatay News

Winter songs Rick Garrick/Wawatay News

ABOVE: Four children joined in to help Shy-Anne Hovorka sing one of her songs at the Spirit of Winter gathering Feb. 11 at the former Forest Park school. The gathering was organized by the Community Coalition Unified for the Protection of Children and Youth and the Boys and Girls Clubs of Thunder Bay. LEFT: Thunder Bay hip hop artist Shibastik, pictured, and Feenix also performed during the gathering.


The imagineNATIVE Northern Ontario Film and Video Tour launches Feb. 28 and runs to April 9. The tour will kick off in Temagami and will visit 11 northern and First Nation communities throughout the province. During March and April the tour will present NDN 4 L!F3, a collection of short films made for or by Indigenous youth. It premiered at the 2010 imagineNATIVE Film and Media Arts Festival. The tour will also screen A Windigo Tale, the awardwinning feature film starring Gary Farmer, Jani Lauzon and Andrea Menard. The drama film is a story centred on intergenerational trauma and healing. The tour also includes videomaking workshops for youth led by artist and filmmaker Keesic Douglas. Select youth in Parry Sound, Thunder Bay, Timmins and Fort Albany will learn how to create and edit short videos using readily available technology such as cell phones and webcams. The short videos will then be featured on imagineNATIVE’s website and open to public voting, sending the winner to Toronto for the imagineNATIVE Film and Media Arts Festival in October. The tour will stop in Thunder Bay March 25 at the Thunder Bay Indian Friendship Centre and in Timmins April 1 at Timmins High and Vocational School. Both films will be screened in each location. A Windigo Tale will play in Moose Factory at John R. Delaney Youth Centre April 3. NDN 4 L!F3 will be shown in Moosonee at Northern Lights Secondary School April 4 and in Moose Factory at Delores D. Echum School April 5. Peetabeck Academy will host both films April 8 in Fort Albany. The imagineNATIVE Film and Media Arts Festival is an international festival held in Toronto once a year. It celebrates the latest works by Indigenous peoples in film, video, radio and new media.

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Wawatay News


FEBRUARY 17, 2011

B 11

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Fort William to get solar park Fort William First Nation has signed an agreement with SkyPower Limited, Canada’s leading developer of solar energy, for development of a 10-megawatt solar park on its lands. The solar park will include 45,000 solar panels spread over about 100 acres of land. Construction will be completed by the summer. Once the solar park is fully operational, it will produce enough clean energy over 20 years to supply 17,000 average homes with energy for one year. “This is a testament to how collaborative economic innovation is being achieved through working together in mutual respect,” said Fort William

Chief Peter Collins. “We look forward to many more renewable energy opportunities such as this one.” The carbon dioxide offset is estimated at 130,000 tonnes over the initial 20 years of the project. “Our energy plan is creating jobs for Ontario families and is turning Ontario into a global clean energy powerhouse,” said Energy Minister Brad Duguid. “It is important partnerships like this one with First Nations communities that will help ensure a clean, strong and reliable energy system for the future of our children and grandchildren.” SkyPower president and CEO

Kerry Adler said his company is creating high quality, good paying jobs and providing local investment that will strengthen the local economy. The project has the potential to create 100 local jobs. “Since the founding of SkyPower we have always sought unique opportunities for collaboration and partnership with First Nation communities,” Adler said. “This successful partnership demonstrates our commitment to strategic partnerships in renewable energy and we continue to explore similar opportunities to ensure a brighter future for future generations.” –RG

Kanawayhitowin launching in Fort Frances “Stop the abuse, we all have a responsibility to end woman abuse, enough is enough.” Those are the beginning words on a Kanawayhitowin: Taking Care of Each Others Spirit video calling for an end to violence against Aboriginal women. The video is available at The Kanawayhitowin program, which has already been launched by the Ontario Federation of Indian Friendship Centers in Thunder Bay and Sault Ste. Marie, is scheduled to launch Feb. 10 in the Fort Frances area.

Developed by the OFIFC to address the issue of violence against Aboriginal women, the program reflects a traditional and cultural approach to community healing and wellness. “The Kanawayhitowin logo reminds us of the sacredness of women according to the teachings of our 13 grandmother moons and as caretakers of the Earth we have a responsibility to take care of each others spirit,” said Pauline Shirt. Shirt is an Elder on the panel that guided the development of the program. The program is designed to help address the issue by raising

awareness of the high risks and warning signs of violence and the resources available to combat violence against Aboriginal women. The OFIFC is stressing the Kanawayhitowin message to end the isolation abused women feel; promote a variety of educational and awareness raising activities and materials; provide information about warning signs and safety planning; emphasize the empowerment of Aboriginal men to take responsibility and make change; and provide guidelines on how to implement the program in local communities. –RG

Peawanuck airport goes green The airport building in Peawanuck is going green. The Ministry of Transportation is expecting to start using solar and wind power at the site later this winter or early spring, said MTO spokesman Bob Nichols. He said there is no firm date at this time. “Peawanuck was chosen

for the solar and wind project because of its remoteness and its relatively high cost to produce electricity,” Nichols said. “The cost of electricity in Peawanuck is the highest of all the remote sites we operate, at a cost of $1.80 per kilowatt hour. “A significant savings is expected. We expect that the Peawanuck solar and wind proj-

ect will pay for itself within six years.” Nichols said Summer Beaver has been solar and wind-powered for two years. Terminal buildings in both Kitchenuhmaykoosib and Neskantaga have solar systems. “We’ll be looking for opportunities at other sites in the future,” Nichols said. –JT

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Wawatay News

FEBRUARY 17, 2011

ᐧᐊᐧᐊᑌ ᐊᒋᒧᐧᐃᓇᐣ

Symposium looks at healing First Nations, Canadian relations Joyce Hunter Special to Wawatay News

How do we develop respectful and just relationships between First Nations and Canada? It was the key question asked at a symposium hosted jointly by National Centre for First Nations Governance and academics at the University of Toronto. Hundreds of people representing different interests, including business and industry, the government, First Nations leadership from across Canada, students, youth, faculty and even the Supreme Court of Canada converged in Toronto Feb. 9 and 10 to be part of the discussion. “The relationship between First Nations and settler nations has evolved over hundreds of years since the time of contact,” said Ontario Regional Chief Angus Toulouse in his welcoming remarks. Toulouse said that relationship started out on the basis of peace, friendship and co-operation.

“We will never forget our history, but this does not mean we want to wallow.” – Angus Toulouse

“It unfortunately changed to one of domination by Crown governments that included control of lands and resources and policies of assimilation that resulted in the impoverishment and disempowerment of Indigenous nations across this country.” Toulouse also said that most Canadians are familiar with the policies of forced assimilation that were imposed on Canada’s First Nations. He spoke of the Indian Act, the residential school system and of the failure of the Crown governments to honour and implement the treaties that were signed on a nation-tonation basis. “We will never forget our history, but this does not mean we want to wallow in these historical injustices,” he said. “We are working hard to identify the way forward – out of grind-

ing poverty to provide greater opportunities for our nations to succeed and prosper. I believe that when we become more involved in the economy of this province, this province and all Ontarians will benefit.” Lt.-Gov. David Onley lauded representatives from the Ontario government, private sector, Aboriginal communities and academics who came to reach out to one another in their bid to come to a responsive, community-specific approach to achieving reconciliation. “Reconciliation is about creating something new with full recognition of the past,” he said. “It needs two sides to acknowledge something (inappropriate) happened. Both parties need to address the situation truthfully, understand its profound impacts, learn lessons and then rebuild. “I commend you each for embarking on this journey. Let us encourage the present generation by proceeding with courage on the path to true reconciliation.” Toulouse said First Nations recognize joint work and dialogue is required to repair the relationship with Crown governments and with all Canadians. “True, lasting reconciliation will take time and must involve both parties – and cannot be dictated by one party – there must be a genuine effort to respect and listen,” he said. “First Nations have more access to government and are at the table with cabinet ministers and other decision-makers more often, but what happens is for the most part, still determined by government.” Doug Carr, assistant deputy minister of Aboriginal Affairs for the province of Ontario said it is actions that count and not words. “If reconciliation is to be genuine, practitioners have to be inspiring as to what they are doing and to share that passion with people in the broader society and to carry that idea that reconciliation is essential to everyone in Ontario if we are to flourish in a fair and healthy society,” he said. Commitments were made by those who participated at the conclusion of the conference to continue to work together to develop concrete practices for realizing true reconciliation.

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February 27, 2011  
February 27, 2011  

Volume 38 Number 4 of Wawatay News