October 28, 2012 Wawasee Community Bible Church Milford, Indiana Pastor Josh Weiland
1:10 HOMEWORK What did you learn this week?
WEEK 13: DANIEL’S 70 WEEKS
Read Daniel 9:1-27 What is going on in Daniel 9:1-19?
To make sense of REVELATION 6-19, you have to understand the Old Testament, especially DANIEL 9.
What happened while Daniel prayed (9:20-21)?
PRELUDE TO 9:24-27: 1. Daniel is with God’s people in EXILE in Babylon. 2. Daniel has been reading the Scriptures (9:2) and recognizes that Jerusalem must lay desolate for DESOLATE (Jer. 25:11). 3. Recognizing the times, Daniel begins fervant prayer for forgiveness, confessing sin, repenting, and praying for God to remember his promise and show up! 4. In the midst of his prayer, GABRIEL shows up. (20-21) 5. He says he has come to MAKE THINGS PLAIN to Daniel. (22-23).
What do you know about Gabriel? (See also Dan 8:15-16; Luke 1:19, and 1:26-27).
Why does Gabriel show up here to Daniel (9:22-23)?
For the first time, God is going to reveal how and when this is going to take place... PRECISELY. What does he tell Daniel is going to happen? (v. 24)
THE SEVENTY WEEKS (DANIEL 9:24-27) The Seventy Weeks
24 “Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy place.
“Weeks” = PERIOD OF SEVENS (days, weeks, years, etc.)
cf. Leviticus 25
70 periods of 7 years = 490 YEARS
After these periods of years, ALL of the events of verse 24 will be fully fulfilled.
Have you ever studied the 70 weeks before? Did the study on Sunday help you understand it more?
Why is it important to know that God completely and precisely fulfilled the prophecies of 9:25-26a?
How does that understanding affect your view of what we’re about to study in Revelation?
What questions do you still have?
Daniel 9:25–26a (ESV)
25 Know therefore and understand that from the going out of the word to restore and build Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince, there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in a troubled time. 26 And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off and shall have nothing. Daniel 9:25–26a (NIV)
25 “Know and understand this: From the time the word goes out to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens.’ It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble. 26 After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be put to death and will have nothing.
(7 x 7) + (62 x 7) = 483 Years After these 483 Years, the Annointed One (JESUS) will be cut off...
• This will happen exactly 438 Years after the word goes out to rebuild Jerusalem. • These relate to the Jewish Calendar... 30 days/month. Jewish Calendar = 30 days per month. 30 days x 12 months = 360 days per year according to the Jewish Calendar. So this will happen in (360 days x 483 years) 173,880 days. Modern (Gergorian) Calendar = 365 days per year. 173,880 days / 365 = ~476 years. The Word from Artaxerxes to rebuild Jerusalem is given to Nehemiah in 445 BC. So this will happen 476 years after 445 BC... 476 years (483 Jewish Years) later = 32 AD.
God’s fulfills all of his promises COMPLETELY and PRECISELY! THE 70th WEEK Daniel 9:26–27 (ESV)
And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war. Desolations are decreed. 27 And he shall make a strong covenant with many for one week, and for half of the week he shall put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall come one who makes desolate, until the decreed end is poured out on the desolator.” 1. It precedes Jesus’ return. 2. Like the first 69 weeks, It is a literal 7-year period. (2,520 days). If all the other 69-weeks are a literal 7 years, why wouldn’t this one be? 3. After it, everything from Daniel 9:24 will be completely and precisely fulfilled. 4. This is what is described in Rev. 6-19. 5. Jesus talks about the 1st half of it (first 1,260 days) in Matthew 24. 6. NEVER is it called the “Tribulation” anywhere in Scripture.