1. Rathausplatz “Town Hall Square” After the burning of the town in 1689 this area set up as a parade ground. It was renamed many times; 1794 in Place de Egalité; 1816 Paradeplatz; then Max-Josef-Platz in 1824, ﬁnally being given it’s present name of Rathausplatz (Town Hall Square ). In the middle of the square is the equestrian statue of Prince Luitpold, Regent of Bavaria. 2. Neues Rathaus “New Town Hall” Built 1827 in the Classical style, former headquarters of the Bavarian military administration. 3. Böckingsches Haus Built in 1790 and due to it’s remarkable Early-Classical façade is considered to be one the ﬁnest buildings in the town.
4. Altes Kaufhaus “Former Town Market Hall” It served during the Middle-Ages and in the modern era as the town’s trade centre that was controlled and taxed by the municipal inspector. On the ground ﬂoor were scales for weighing wool, saffron and fruit as well as the calibration instruments. The upper ﬂoor used to be the municipal ballroom. Between 1838 and 1839 the building was converted into a concert hall and theatre with the cellar being used for municipal functions. During the structural alterations a Neo-Romanesque touch was added to the Gothic style building. Since 1995 renovated as a Cultural Centre. 5. Katharinenkapelle, Kaufhausgasse “Catherine’s Chapel” Built in 1344 by the Council and the citizens for the “Community of the Beginning” (Women who were devoted to benevolent nursing). The basilica construction has three naves and a square choir. During the Reformation it became secular with many other uses: prison; guardhouse; gunpowder store and wine-cellar. In 1849 the west tower was removed and rebuilt to serve as a granary. Since 1872, after extensive renovation it was used by the Old Catholics and from 1959 the Evangelican Lutheran communities. During the restoration some frescos were rediscovered above the archway which dated from the original building. (they depict “Christ’s Passion” and “The Cruciﬁxion Group” ) Along the east wall of the aisle are the tombs of two imperial generals who died in 1709 and 1710 (see shield ).
10 8. Augustinerkirche, Königstrasse 21-23 “Augustinian monastery church and cloister” A Catholic parish church consisting of a 3 nave basilica; started in 1405 and completed in 1413. Built in place of the dilapidated church of the Augustine mendicant order of Friars. In 1794 after the expulsion of the monks it was used secularly as an arsenal, warehouse and tobacco store, also for concerts and exhibitions. In 1893 the Catholics regained possession after the dissolution of the Simultaneum and it became the parish church. In 1911 the church of St. Mary, returning to a parish church in 1948. The choirs were severely damaged by bombing in 1945 and restoration began in 1962, being completed in 1964. During the restoration a concrete gallery was installed and the choir transformed to suit the new liturgical requirements.
9. Schleusenstrasse “Floodgate Street” Remains of the Vauban Fortress built between 1687 and 1691. 10. Quartier Chopin Built in the 1860s by the Bavarian military, later used by the French. Opened in 1998 as a modern Business and Service Centre.
Jugendstil-Festhalle, Mahlastrasse 3
“Festival Hall built in Art Nouveau Style” Built between 1905 and 1907 by Hermann Goerke, an architect from Düsseldorf and constructed by Dr. August Ludowici. Concerts and Conferences are regularly held in the large hall (seating for 1,200 ) or the smaller (140 ). Internationally renowned artists perform here and it is justly regarded as the cultural centre of the Southern Palatinate.
12. Stadtbibliothek, Heinrich Heine Platz “Municipal Library” Opened in 1998 in the historic building of the old slaughter-house (1893 – 1894 ). Modern glass architecture.
13. History Museum of the town containing the Municipal Archives, Maximilianstrasse 7
Chronicles about the history of the Vauban fortress with a scale model of the town in 1700. Bourgeois and rural interior decorations are displayed alongside with the tools of winegrowers and coopers. In addition 11,000 literature volumes, Landau newspapers from 1792 onwards and 120,000 photographs. Opening Times: 6. Frank-Loebsches Haus, Kaufhausgasse 9 Monday – Thursday 8.30 till 12 am and 2 till 4 pm “Anne Frank’s great-grandfather” The oldest part is Gothic with wooden galleries that encompass the courtyard Thursday till 6 pm, Friday closed on two ﬂoors. It has been a guesthouse called “Zur Blum” (the Flower ) since Guided tours for groups by appointment 1st Sunday of the Month, 2 till 5 pm the 17th century. A permanent exhibition of the history of Jews in Landau and documentation covering the Sinti and Roma in the Palatinate can be seen, also exhibitions of Fine Art and other Special Events are held there. Opening Times: Tuesday – Thursday 10 till 12 am, 2 till 5 pm Friday – Sunday 11 am till 1 pm Monday closed Open on Public Holidays by notiﬁcation. Guided Tours for groups by arrangement, for the Exhibition Calendar see Cultural Event Guide.
7. Deutsches Tor, Untertorplatz “German Gate” Former northwestern gateway of the Vauban fortress. It’s architectural style is also reproduced on the French Gate.
14. Synagogue Memorial Placed where the former Synagogue stood, designed by the artist Margot Stempel-Lebert in 1968. The synagogue was destroyed in the “Reichs-Kristallnacht” of November 1938.
15. St. Maria “Catholic parish church” Started in 1908, completed in 1911. Neo-Romanesque style, clear architectural lines with the remarkable Late-Gothic woodcarving portraying “The Lamenting Christ” and “The Holy Family”.
In the Tympanum over the west entrance is a sculpture called “The Virgin’s Life” dating from 1330, an interesting Baroque three-row organ dates from 1772. The Baptismal and Marriage chapel (former Chapler House ) has four frescos which date back to the original construction. They were rediscovered in 1897 and are a prime example of the High-Gothic painting found in the Palatinate area.
21. Haus Zum Maulbeerbaum, Marktstrasse 92
Here are held various exhibitions and cultural events throughout the year. Opening times during exhibitions: Tuesday – Wednesday 5 till 8 pm Thursday – Sunday 2 till 5 pm Monday closed. For Exhibitions see Cultural Event Guide.
“The Mulberry Tree Inn” Until 1322 it was the court of the nobility, then became property of the monastry of Klingenmünster until 1488. From 1488 till 1671 it was a municipal hostel where in 1522 the Knights of Swabia, Franconia and Rhine combined as the “Landau Alliance” against the Emperor Karl V. Franz von Sickingen, Ulrich von Hutten, Gotz von Berlichingen, Florian von Geyer and others are embossed on the Façade.
22. and 23. Goethepark and Schillerpark
18. Headstone of Général Monclar
24. An 44 “on 44” Formerly the fortiﬁed Redoubt No. 44, now a late 19th – early 20th century development with typical houses of that period.
16. Villa Streccius, Südring 20 “Municipal Art Gallery”
Französisches Tor “French Gate” Southwest gateway of the Vauban fortress. The outer wall is integrated into the main wall and was built as a Roman-styled triumphal arch, on both sides of the gateway are the graphically decorated heraldic coat of arms and ﬁgures of the Bourbons. In the triangular pediment is the symbol of the Sun King Louis XIV with the text “Nec pluribus impar” (Comparable to none ).
Général Joseph de Ponts, Baron de Monclar, was commander of the town when the fortress was being built. He died in 1690 in Landau and was buried in the choir of the collegiate church until 1959. This gravestone is now situated near the French Gate and is decorated showing his military career.
19. Meerweibchenstrasse “Mermaid Street” So called because of the ﬁgure on house number 8. Also many 18th century houses of the bourgeoisie.
20. Stiftskirche “Collegiate protestant church” Formerly named “Our Lady” and an Augustinian prebendary church. The basilica is constructed with 3 naves in clear structured lines. It was begun in 1300 to replace a smaller church and was ordinated in 1333. The tower was added in 1349 and a second northern aisle with some particularly artistic Late-Gothic arches in 1490. During the Reformation the church was divided by an iron screen; the choir being used by the Augustin Canons and Catholics, the nave and the aisles by Lutherans. In 1650 it became a “Simultaneum” and by 1893 the exclusive possession of the Protestants.
The impressive parks were laid out after the removal of the town walls in 1872. In 1949 Landau earned the name “Garden City” when the Southwest German Garden Show (SÜWEGA) took place here, Landau continues to uphold that honour with the “Landesgartenschau” again in 2014.
25. Striefﬂer Haus, Lohlstrasse 3 A museum and gallery since 1990. A bequest from the renowned Palatinate landscape artist Heinrich Striefﬂer (1872 – 1949 ) and his daughter Maria (1917 – 1987 ). Mural paintings of the Palatinate are exhibited in the Art Deco – Art Nouveau styled house. On the 1st ﬂoor are held interchanging exhibitions of “Old Palatinate” paintings. Opening times during exhibitions: Friday – Sunday 2 till 5 pm For Exhibitions see Cultural Event Guide. Guided Tours for groups by arrangement.
26. Fortanlagen “Redoubt Fortiﬁcations” Started in 1700 and completed in 1702, a citadel was built on the northwestern promontory to protect and strengthen the fortress separated by a moat. The main walls, the drained moat and the half-moon trenches are well preserved. The former military buildings inside the Redoubt have been replaced by the University buildings (1960 – 1964). Behind the mound in a hollow is now Landau Zoo, the ﬁrst zoo in the Palatinate region. 27. Galeerenturm, Waffenstrasse and Burghofgasse “Galley Tower” Probably the former tower of an Imperial Castle laid to ruins in 1315. Until 1688 it was the northwestern watchtower of the town. In 1732 it served as a prison for military convicts. The name comes from the fact that the convicts were sent from there to the galleys.
28. Rote Kaserne, Marktstrasse 40 “Red Barracks”
The last remaining barracks built in 1756 – 1759 inside the fortiﬁcations. Birthplace of Thomas Nast, “The father of the American political cartoon” who was born 1849 in Landau and died 1902 in Ecuador.
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Guided Tours A guided tour of the ancient fortress city of Landau is an adventure through the past. Most Architectural Styles from the preceding centuries can still be seen giving the town it’s historical face, as well as tours that cover the town’s parks and gardens. The Tourist Ofﬁce also offers half-hour rides in a horse-drawn Landau around the Town Centre from May till October every 1st, 3rd and 5th Saturday of the month. Information and booking through the Tourist Ofﬁce. Tourist Ofﬁce Landau · Marktstrasse 50 · 76829 Landau · Telephone 06341.13-8301 or 13-8302 · firstname.lastname@example.org · www.landau-tourismus.de