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designPORTFOLIO undergraduate and graduate selected work

Rachel Watson


CONTENTS Selected Works The following examples of work have been selected with the intention of displaying a variety of scales, locations and contexts of projects to date. I seek to constantly update this collection of work and expand upon my interests in mitigating ecological issues with design.

Rachel Watson

University of Pennsylvania Master of Landscape Architecture (second professional degree) expected May 2014 Syracuse University Bachelor of Architecture Minor in Art History


03Fog Harvester

design collaboration with T. Marboe and B. Williams undergraduate

09Las Vegas Re-Load

redesign of public space of the Venetian Hotel and Casino, project design to date graduate

17Liminal Ground

repurposed dredge material located in Biscayne Bay, Miami, FL graduate

23Olympic Park Eco-Spine

design collaborative city planning studio graduate

29Regional Rail Eco-Park

linear park located underneath the regional rail in Philadelphia, PA graduate

35Aquatic Fitness and Therapy Complex architecture thesis project located in Bridgeport, CT undergraduate

45Undergraduate Selected Images 47Resume


pucusana,peru

FOGHARVESTER PROJECT DESCRIPTION: Transcontinental access through maritime shipping routes creates an interconnected global network. But how can this accessibility effect smaller communities in need of basic necessities such as food, water and shelter? Currently, 4 out of 10 people worldwide have no access to clean water or must walk to retrieve it. Many of those whom retrieve the water are women and children. PROJECT SOLUTION: Traditional fog collectors are tall,vertical structures with set dimensions and parameters. The proposed fog collector is a tent-like structure that engages the community through the stages of construction, water collection and growing of crop material. The density of the fabric pattern changes depending on the type of crop, amount of water and light needed. PROGRAM: Fog collector, pavilion, agriculture

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fog harvester r. watson


fog harvester r. watson

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Location Mapping

Pucusana, Peru is a small fishing town located approximately 44 miles south of the capital city of Lima.

variation of a hyperbolic paraboloid Fog hits the mesh and the liquid droplets fall down the material. Openings allows fog to pass through structure but are eventually caught the material. The fog that passes through gap can be caught be crops/ Fog hits the mesh and the liquid droplets fall down the trees grown in the agricultural area.

hydrophobic material. The water is captured and falls down the material into a trough or falls directly onto vegetation.

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fog harvester r. watson


WIND VELOCITY STUDIES

SECTION 1

SECTION 5

SECTION 2

SECTION 6

SECTION 3

SECTION 4

Unrolled Surface

Mesh Density

SECTION 9

Wind Velocity over Mountain Range

Mesh Pattern

MESH DESIGN Fabrication Rendering

fog harvester r. watson

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harvester CONFIGURATION

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fog harvester r. watson


The interior perspective depicts how different plant types can grow inside the fog harvester. The harvester becomes a system for agriculture, infrastructure, culture and education.

fog harvester r. watson

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las vegas,nv

LASRE-LOAD VEGAS venetian hotel Spring 2014 / Jerry Van Eyck

PROJECT DESCRIPTION: The Las Vegas Strip, an approximately 4.2 mile stretch, is striving to become a pedestrianized boulevard akin to Champs Elysees in Paris. But the strip was not designed for people, it was designed for vehicles. How can the scale of the Strip be reduced to accommodate to the 40million visitors that traverse the Strip every year? PROJECT SOLUTION: The Venetian Hotel and Casino built in 1999 is part of the largest integrated casino resort in the world joined to the Palazzo Hotel and the Sands Expo and Convention Center. Its full scale architectural replicas and details of iconic buildings from Venice . How can the Venetian public space be rebranded and recontextualized to adapt to changing trends in hotel-casino design? PROGRAM: Plaza, pavilion, cafe, retail

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las vegas reload r. watson

design work in progress


initialRESEARCH My initial research drew me to explore the presence of theme along the Las Vegas Strip to track the changing hotel casino trends. The mapping exercise revealed that theme was a major attraction for families in the late 90s but in the 2000s theme was no longer an attractor and now hotel-casino want to attract the upscale business traveler. This changing trend can be seen in the $2billion spent on new hotels and renovations in 2013. While the Venetian Hotel and Casino has not been renovated since 2003. theme no theme removing theme

1955 - 1968

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las vegas reload r. watson

1989 - 1993

1996 - 1999

2003 - 2009


Venetian Hotel Public Space Looking from Rialto Bridge

Disparate Zones

Circulation and Dead Zones

Vehicular Circulation

Main Promenade


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las vegas reload r. watson


las vegas reload r. watson

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+

+ +

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las vegas reload r. watson


las vegas reload r. watson

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miami,florida

LIMINAL GROUND

restructuring the dredging process Fall 2013 / Karen M’Closkey PROJECT DESCRIPTION: The majority of Biscayne Bay in Miami consist of manufactured edges . How can manufactured edges respond to sea level rise, habitat loss and access to public space? Watson Island has the potential to become a liminal ground that adapts to current and future conditions. PROJECT SOLUTION: The Deep Dredge Project for the Port of Miami looks to dredge the bay from -40’ to -52’ to accommodate for Super Post Panamax cargo ships. Currently the dredge is dumped offshore at an EPA designated site. Watson Island becomes a staging and demonstration ground for the beneficial usage of dredge spoils (limestone, gravel, sand and silt). And how these sediment types can create human activity and foster vegetation growth. PROGRAM: urban park, dredge spoil island, boardwalk

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olympic park eco-spine r. watson


liminal ground r. watson

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L G S SL

limestone gravel sand silt

WET SEASON

S G

inland beach swimming water sports

SL

aquafarming water taxi stop

DRY SEASON

6ft Sea Level Rise Approximately the year 2100, the majority of Miami Beach and many of the islands in Biscayne Bay are underwater. S G

L

L

sun bathing beach sports

SL L

wetland creation

boat dock seagrass transplanting

SEDIMENT VARIATION

G

heavy machinery corridor

S

palm tree alley

Manufactured Edges The location of the manufactured edges have different conditions such as a connection to a non-flooded edge or the a possible dredge spoil island.

seaplane corridor

S SL L

G

vehicle corridor

community vegetable garden

brocoli,cucumbers, spinach, zucchini, tomatoes

Sediment Encoding


Post-Fill Site Plan

liminal ground r. watson

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Pre-Fill Construction

Post-Fill

sediment distribution tube partially submerged tube

existing watson island edge

boardwalk

primary circulation loop

sediment distribution tube

Sediment and Landscape Condition Section water taxi stop

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liminal ground r. watson

grassland

eroded limestone


4ft Sea Level Rise

6ft Sea Level Rise

vegetation growth

dredge spoil island for habitat creation

submerged condition

sand dune

tidal saltwater marsh governor’s cut

liminal ground r. watson

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beijing,china

OLYMPIC PARK ECO-SPINE Spring 2013 / Evan Rose + Stefan Al PROJECT DESCRIPTION:

The 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China, ushered the developing megacity onto the world stage but five years later the site has become a shell of its former glory. The legacy plan for the park does not respond to the human scale and the public realm. And even though major investments were made in transportation expansion, the city today still faces unprecedented urban expansion and the environmental challenges that accompany that urbanization such as water scarcity, air pollution, lack of open space and food scarcity.

PROJECT SOLUTION:

The revitalized canal becomes an eco-spine that is inspired by the traditional structure of the hutong. This eco-spine connects the existing Forest Park to the Olympic Green and transforms the park into a self-sustaining model for the rest of Beijing.

PROGRAM:

Formal park, greenhouse, biome, productive landscape, museums, research park

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olympic park eco-spine r. watson


olympic park eco-spine r. watson

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waterISSUE 0m

existing canal at Olympic Park

vacant lots adjacent to Science and Technology Museum

12m

2002

24m

2012

Groundwater Table Level

Proposed Peninsula Museum


olympic park eco-spine r. watson

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PROGRAM

Productive Landscapes

Blue + Green Infrastructures

Community Open Spaces

Transitional Landscapes

Provide a protected habitat for biodiverse species

Landscapes that generate food and provide education

Landscapes that capture and treat stormwater + greywater

Spaces that are used for recreation and social gatherings

Temporary landscapes that clean soil and allow for new lanscapes

Nature Parks Demonstration + Research

Urban Farm Greenhouse Hydroponics

Detention Ponds Constructed Wetland Living Machine Swales

Playing Fields Plazas Formal Park Exhibition Space Pavilion Recreation and Fitness

Remediation Fields Multi-Functional Space

white poplar

london planetree

chinese juniper

scholar tree

goldenrain tree

Populus alba

Plantanus x acerifolia

Juniperus chinensis

Sophora japonica

Koelreuteria paniculata

wet meadow

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Ecological Landscapes

PERFORMANCE

The landscape solution involves removing the concrete lining of the existing canal to allow groundwater to infiltrate into the groundwater table. All new development will be connected to the canal for a closed loop system. Along the canal there will be different conditions for activity and plant growth. Native trees that are drought and pollution tolerant are placed on the site.

TYPE

landscapeSOLUTION

olympic park eco-spine r. watson

terraced

terraced + boardwalk

boardwalk


Terraced lawn for excessive water catchment Extended Boardwalk Unchannelized existing canal with extended boardwalk

olympic park eco-spine r. watson

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philadelphia,pa

REGIONAL RAIL ECO-PARK Fall 2012 / Lucinda Sanders

PROJECT DESCRIPTION: Girard Avenue is a perceived barrier between neighborhood identities and between North Philadelphia and Center City. The perception creates the notion of where Philadelphia ends. The active, elevated regional rail is an infrastructural barrier running north-south. While Girard Avenue itself is a strong commercial and transportation corridor, underneath and adjacent to the regional rail are vacant and underutilized parcels and buildings. PROJECT SOLUTION: The Regional Rail Ecological Park utilizes different methods of collecting, treating and distributing water. A primary pedestrian pathway connects these different systems. The park becomes a lowline that eventually connects to development of the Reading Viaduct. PROGRAM: Ecological park, agricultural fields, greenhouses, research centers and commercial development


regional rail eco-park r. watson

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ER NT

CE

PROGRAM SQUARE FOOTAGES

S

Park Acreage_ approx. 121

programANALYSIS

research center 5000sf

distribution center 8000sf

visitor center 2000sf (3) transit center 2500sf

nursery 6000sf GR OU

NH

Plant Material Plant selection depends on sunlight, space and water access.Many vegtables have grown successfully on lving walls such as tomatoes, peppers and lettuce.

S

SE

Wall comprises of irrigation air filtration system and structure.

EE

Actors

Framework Attaches to structural wall and supports growing medium and plantings

hydroponic 6500sf

conservatory 4000sf

U LT

CU

orchard 100sf per tree

RI

orchard 500sf per tree

commercial

AG

backyard

L

RA

Collection/Irrigation Living walls are basically hydroponic systems. The water flows internally from panel to panel. Requires the most maintenance.

community garden 400sf multiple

ON

TI EA

CR

RE

soccer 5400sf

baseball 11430sf max.

Growing Medium Soil delivers moisture to plant material and contains nutrients.

y

rain garden cistern stormwater pond living machine constructed wetland canal

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WATER SYSTEMS_SIZES VARY

ar nd co k e s n to ta s n ad ctio e L lle co

basketball 3700sf

ice skating 5000sf max.

swimming 5000sf max.

regional rail eco-park r. watson


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community garden greenhouse HARVEST agricultural field

AGRICULTURE

COLLECTION

food market SELL agricultural center

phytoremediation k-12th grade schools CHILD

EDUCATION

TREATMENT

PROGRAM TYPOLOGY

PRIMARY INFRASTRUCTURE: WATER

REUSE

ADULT community center playing fields ATHLETIC

RECREATION

piazza LEISURE

DISTRIBUTION

rail

green park

PEOPLE streetcar

S<2,000ft2

TRANSPORTATION crops PRODUCT

M=5,000ft2

energy biomass

L<10,000ft2 XL>11,000ft2

regional rail eco-park r. watson

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Delancey Underground,NYC

Poplar trees and low height plants for stormwater filtration and metal removal Poplar trees and low height grasses forProposed stormwater Ground Submerged Figure filtration aquatic plants Aquatic reed plants

Tertiary water catchment area, used for aquaponics and new habitat for migratory birds

gathering space

Section AA

community orchard


St. Louis Iron Horse Trestle

The collection, treatment and distribution of water both stormwater and wastewater are essential to the functioning of the ecological park. Each water system is connected by a canal that eventually culminates in an underground cistern. Beginning with the northern section of the park, a terraced constructed wetland (pictured to the right) treats wastewater from the nearby residential neighborhood and hospital. In the middle of the park, a series of stormwater ponds and living machines treat stormwater and greywater.

community garden

regional rail eco-park r. watson

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undergraduateTHESIS Fall 2011 - Spring 2012 / Vasilena Vassilev + Anne Munly

PROJECT DESCRIPTION: Aging water infrastructure and dwindling water resources is major problem for many developing cities. But since the water infrastructure is buried underground, there is a â&#x20AC;&#x153;out of sight, out of mindâ&#x20AC;? mentality. How can people be Confronted with the processes of water systems? And how can these processes be more evident in our daily lives? PROJECT SOLUTION: Steel Pointe Harbor in Bridgeport,CT is a post industrial peninsula that was a former steel mill. Situated near major cities such as New York City and other major coastal cities in Connecticut, Steel Pointe has the ability to reduce reliability on other water resources and utilize Long Island Sound, a saltwater water body. Passive desalination relies on natural systems since traditional desalination is expensive and is not energy efficient. The complex embraces the process of passive desalination while simultaneously generating a new space where people are confronted by water infrastructure and are allowed to interact with it. PROGRAM: Aquatic fitness and therapy complex,passive desalination center, agricultural fields, park and beach front

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aquatic therapy and fitness complex r. watson


bridgeport,ct

AQUATIC FITNESS AND THERAPY [re]claiming water infrastructure through hybridization 36 aquatic therapy and fitness complex r. watson


initialRESEARCH My initial research drew me to explore options of how people interact with water infrastructure such as ancient aqueducts, modern aqueducts and wastewater treatment facilities. And looking at the historical context at which water infrastructure took on the quality of â&#x20AC;&#x153;out of sight, out of mindâ&#x20AC;?. And I concluded that since there is a negative connotation of water infrastructure being unsanitary and ugly. But there are instances of more successful water infrastructure such as the stepwells in India and Pakistan (pictured below) had a strong role in the daily lives of people, being both a ritual, necessity and gathering space. Hybrid programming was essential to developing water infrastructure as an important part of daily life.

Site Photograph

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aquatic therapy and fitness complex r. watson

Hybrid and Genetic Coding Diagram


Existing Site

100 year flood

Proposed terracing to respond to flooding, buildable area in white

Proposed Site

Wind Rose Diagram

Prevailing winds from SW

Bus hub, rail stop, and ferry stop

Parks and Vacant Lots aquatic therapy and fitness complex r. watson

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1782.8111

180 150

120

90

60

30

180

150

120

90

30

60

double facade systems clear plastic pipes

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aquatic therapy and fitness complex r. watson

mesh surface panel system

raised floor system

Desali


Thermal Bath Sectional Perspective

A. thermal bath B. desalination plant C. cistern D. greenhouse nursery E. indoor water park F. living wall G. water wall F.

G.

E. D.

B. C.

A.

aquatic therapy and fitness complex r. watson

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hyperaccumulator zone_pine

porous concrete pavers

olympic size swimming pool

passiveDESALINATION

Systems Section_ 1/4â&#x20AC;?= 1â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

The process of desalination conducted in large facilities require an enormous amount of energy and expense. While passive desalination, uses a natural process provided by the prevailing wind current and temperature to extract salt from saltwater. The primary structure for this separation is a membrane fabric, which also helps treat the saltwater. The Aquatic Fitness and Therapy Complex implements a membrane fabric on southwestern facade, which faces the prevailing winds and the eastern membrane fabric is used as a living wall.

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aquatic therapy and fitness complex r. watson

pipe to desalination plant

Desalination Process

pipe to water cistern + filter

Seawater Intake

Pretreatment Pump

Membrane

Outlet back to Sea

Brine Disposal Post-treatment

Delivery to the City


rainwater collection

clear plastic pipes

desalination wall

water cistern

raised floor system

indoor water park

water channel

nursery_phytoremediation plants

water wall

double facade system

market space_ brine re-use

bus route

reverse osmosis desalination

vertical living wall

Movement of saltwater through membrane

Membrane pattern configuration

SW

Membrane Saline Water

POROUS Dense Draw Solution

Thin Film Composite

Draw Solution Recovery

Product Water

Symmetric Brine

Asymmetric

aquatic therapy and fitness complex r. watson

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Sunflower Field

Porous Concrete Pavers

Masonry Retaining Wall

Rapeseed Field

Landscape Detail_ 1/2”= 1’

Interstate 95

Bridgeport Train Terminal

Pequonnock River

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Long Section_ 1/32” = 1’

aquatic therapy and fitness complex r. watson

Existing oil drums

Re-used for phytoremediation disposal


Long Section_ 1/8”= 1’

Cross Section_ 1/8”= 1’

ferry route stop

wave energy bouys

water channel to pond

ritual foot washing station

water channel to foor washing station

water channel to outdoor thermal bath

cistern

water storage for greenhouse

private float pool

therapy pool thermal bath

Summer

Equinox

Winter

aquatic therapy and fitness complex r. watson

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undergraduateSELECTED IMAGES The following examples of undergraduate work reveal just a glimpse into the five year educational experience at Syracuse University School of Architecture.

Ethiopian Consulate_SOHO, NYC

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undergraduate selected images r. watson

Theater Complex_Thornden Park, Syracuse, NY

Community Center_ Florence, Italy

Schine Student Center Addition_ Syracuse University


Virgin Solair Charter Airport_Brooklyn, NY

undergraduate selected images r. watson

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RESUME Education

University of Pennsylvania School of Design

Expected 2014

Syracuse University School of Architecture

2012

Graduate Student, UPENN School of Design

2012-present

Intern, City Plan Department for the City of New Haven, CT

Summer 2009

Intern, Engineering Department for the City of New Haven, CT

Summers 2006 - 2008

Masters of Landscape Architecture (Second Professional Degree) Deanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Diversity Scholarship Relevant Coursework: Wetland Ecology, Reclamation of Large Scale Sites, Urban Horticulture

Bachelor of Architecture Minor in Art History Thesis: [RE]claiming Water Infrastructure through Hybridization, extensive research and design on passive desalination and wastewater systems International Study : Florence,Italy | London, England 2010 - 2011

Experience

Collaborated with city planning and architecture students on design for repurposing Olympic sites and venues, completed masterplan and landscape ecology Wrote reports on landscape ecology subjects such as post-industrial landscapes, human impact on agro-ecoystems and wetland restoration in various countries Participated in field ecology workshops to collect data on vegetation and topographical conditions Redrew plans for model green home using AutoCAD Montaged site photographs using Photoshop for Route 34 redevelopment reports Responded to customer inquires about on-going projects

Collected data on New Haven sewer systems through on-site visits and previous researched files Assessed conditions and provided reports on existing sewer system using ArcGIS Collaborated with engineers and architects on field work assignments and meetings Catalogued city maps into digital database and maintained map vault

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resume r. watson


Volunteer

Philadelphia Global Water Initiative

Compiled data on water and sanitation in developing countries Prepared reports for the 2014 PGWI conference

2013-present

Syracuse University Abroad Peer Advisor

2011- 2012

Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, New Haven, CT

Winter 2010, Summer 2011

Habitat for Humanity of Greater New Haven,CT Installed roofing, second floor frame, first floor windows and assisted electrical engineer in installing wires

Summer 2005

Presented study abroad information to classes and organizations on campus Organized information tables for prospected and admitted students

Collaborated with curators in display designs Curated and catalogued dried plants specimens in the herbarium at Yale University Taught visitors about the live specimens and artifacts in the Discovery Room

Skills

Digital | Rhino,V-Ray, Grasshopper, AutoCAD, ArcGIS,Adobe Creative Suite; Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign, Adobe AfterEffects Manual | Laser Cut, Plexiglass, Paper, Copper, Basswood, Watercolor, Oil, Acrylic

resume r. watson

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designPORTFOLIO undergraduate and graduate selected work

Rachel Watson

website http://watsonrachele.wix.com/designwork phone 203.668.3809 email watson.rachel.e@gmail.com


Updated Design Portfolio