Page 1


EEK 63.

r -

75

r -

75

3

(4 YKP)

fpa6oBel(hKIIit

B.

IJIIOCTpOBaHa icTopiJI

IlpiiKaprraTTJI.

BII.[(aHHJI .[(pyre, .[(OIIOBHeHe IBaHo-<l>paHKiBChK:

-

T.

III.

,HoBa 3opJI", 2004.

ISBN

966-7363-88-0

T.l-3

ISBN

966-7363-89-9

T.3

-

464

c.

Bi.I10MIIit icTopiiK YKpai:HII, .[(OKTop icTopiiqHIIX HayK, rrpo<j:>ecop, aKa.[(eMiK AH BIIII(oi: IIIKOJIII YKpai:HII, 3acnyxeHIIit .[(iJiq HayKII i TexHiKII YKpai:HII Bono.[(IIMIIp fpa6oBel(hKIIit Brrepiiie B YKpai:Hi y perioHaJihHOMY rrnaHi rry6niKy€ KiJihKaTOMHe BII.[(aHHJI: JiiTOIIIIC IlpiiKaprraTCbKOrO KpaiO. TpeTiit TOM rro.[(a€

icTopiiO

f\U:YJihll(IIHII

3

Hait.[(aBHiiiiiiX

qaciB

.110

rroqaTKY

XX

cT.

MoHorpa<j:>iJI HaiiiiCaHa Ha rrpo<j:>eciitHOMY piBHi 3 BIIKOpiiCTaHHJIM BeJIIIKOl KiJihKOCTi

apxiBHIIX rrepiiiO.[(JKep eJI,

BIIJIBJieHIIX Ta OIIpal(bOBaHIIX .[(OCJii.[(HII-

KOM 3a IIiBCTOJiiTTJI. KHIIra 6araTa Ha iJIIOCTpOBaHi CTapOBIIHHi MeHTII, qifcJieHHi iJIIOCTpau;ii:,

B Hiit

rpaBIOpii,

BMill(eHO pli.[( KapT,

aBTeHTifqHi .[(OKyCXeM i Ta6JIIII(b.

IJpal(JI a.[(peCOBaHa iCTOpiiKaM, Kpa€3HaBl(JIM i IIIIIpOKOMY KOJIY qifTaqiB. EEK 63. Peu;eH3eHT -

M.

M.

Bereiii -

rrpo<j:>ecop Pe.[(aKTop -

o.

Irop

XyAOJKIIC o<t>opMneHHQ

3

(4 YKP)

.[(OKTop icTopiiqHIIX HayK,

(Yxropo.11)

IIenexaTIIit nepwo·i cTopiHKII o6Kna,IIIIHKI1 M11pocnaBa raTaneBI14a

Mi iM niHHiil cTopiHlli o6Kna,IIIIHKI1: ,1 y11yn", 1891 p. Xy,11. KopHIIno YcTIIQHOBI14

Qe BH,IJ,anmi no6aquJio csiT 3aB,IJ,HKH cl>iuaucosiu ,IJ,onoMo3i IBapo- <l>pauKiBCbKoi o 6Jiacuo i ,IJ,epMa,IJ,MiuicTpallii GJJJIACifcA BIB.

IOTEKA I

iM. Isaua <l>pauKa i i

© Bono,IIIIMIIP rpa6oBel\bKIIM, ,lmocTpoBaHa iCTOpiQ npiiKapnaTTQ. T. 3", 2004 © ,HoBa 3opQ", yKpa·iHCbKe Bll,llaHHQ, 2004

ISBN

966-7363-88-0

T .1-3

ISBN

966-7363-89-9

T.3


IlpHKaprraTCbKHH yHiBepcHTeT iM. Ka¢ e,n:pa

BacHJI>I

CTe¢aHHKa

icTopii: YKpai:HH

BoJIO)J,HMup rPAEOBEUbK:UH

IJIIOCTPOBAHA ICTOPI51 IIPI1KAPIIATT51 TIIc51qoniTHilt niTorriic fyuynhmiiHII

ToM 3 BH,n:aHH>I ,n:pyre, ,n:orroBHeHe

I BaHO- ct>paH Ki BCbK Blii.QaBHIIIL\TBO

<<Hosa

2004

3opS1>>


CJIOBO IIPO KHMrY aiiia YKpa1Ha rop):(IIThCJI

CBOlMII

pHriHaJlbHHM HapO):(HIIM

pi Cepe):(

U:IIX

perioHiB KpaH:

3

i

oco6JIIIBe

JIJIIII(JIMII,

IIpiil3,[(IITb

MaJibOBHifqe MeHTaX,

OIIOBIITIIMII

i

TB03HaBqlfX

Bcix:

l(eH

ripCbKIIH

l(iel

6narOCJIOBeHHOl

He3aJie2KHOl

TJI

3a

TO

Ha

Ha

Horo

CTOJiiTTJIM,

TaKIIX

6araTIIH 3eMJii,

TIIM

HaBiTh niTorriic

Ha

i

3aXOIIJIIOIOTbCJI

IlpiiKaprraTTJI. B

IJpo

o6pa30TBopqiiX COJii):(HIIX

Hallie

6araTbOX ,[(OKyTa

MIICTel(-

MOHOrpa<j:JiJIX. oco6JIIIBO

u;iKaBIIH

IIpiil2K,[(2KIIX

TypiiCTiB.

B3arani,

qlf

,[(JIJI

IIO):(il JIK

HaiiiiiX

K02KHoro

03HaHOMIITbCJI

JIKi

y

qacii

rrpa2KIITeJiiB

cyqacHIIKiB

,[(OCJii):(2KeHHJI

)l:o

CBOro

icTopil

-

qlf

TBOpl(iB

-

CTOJiiT-

Bi):(IIOBi):(HO

,1:(0

fyu;yJihiiiiiHII

ceJIJIHIIHa-TKaqa BqeHIIH B

TOMY

MOHOrpa<j:Jil

3

IIpiiHIIIOB qlfcni

qlf

-

3

a

BeJIIIKIIM

fyu;ynhiiiiiHII.

OKpeMi

BIIKJia,[(,

HaJie2KIITb IJeqeHi2KII-

BII,[(aHHJI

TOMY

BOHII

-

,[(OC-

qifTaqa. 3-H

rrpiiKa prraTel(h

TOM qlf

,IJI!OCTpOBaHOl ricTh

3 6araTbMa HeBi):(OMIIMII

fyu;ynhiiiiiHi, H

icTopil

HayKOBO-,[(OCJii):(HIIl(bKIIH

CJIY2KIITb

HOBOrO

3aiiiiJieHIIX

IIOCJii):(OBHO,

rrpou;ecy.

75-piqqJI

TO

<j:JoH):(iB,

i

fyu;yJihiiiiiHII

CIIH

YKpalHII,

pi3HIIX

3BiCTKII

icTopi!O

fpa6oBel(hKIIH,

3

3

iCTOpiiqHi

iCTOpiiqHoro

KHIIrii

MiCTJITb

JJ:orriiTJIIIBIIH

Ha

y

3eJieHIIMII

BiqH03eJieHIIMII

fyu;ynhiiiiiHII

iCTOpiiqHi

TaK

Bi):(TBOp!O!OTb p03BIITKY

):(opo6KoM

iCTOpiiqHi

HhOBiqqJI,

Ha

XY):(02KHiX,

niTorriiCU:JIM,

KoJIOMIIHIIIIIHi.

):(JIJI

3

XMapaMII.

p03IIOBi):(a€TbCJI

2KIITeJiiB,

IIO,[(BII2KHIIKiB

IlpiiKJia,[(OM

Micu;e

6poiiiypax

Bono,[(IIMIIp

rrepeBa2KHO TYIIHi

rroKpiiTIIMII

CKeJIJIMII

u;eH:

YKpalHII. IIIaHa

HayKoBIIM

CIIHiMII

rOCTIIHY

3):(06yBa!OTb ,[(OCTOBipHi

aKa):(eMiK

icTO-

fyu;ynhiiiiiHa

Kaprra TaM II,

IlpiiKaprraTTJI

Micu;eBIIX

KpaH:

3aKOHOMipHOCTeH )l:o

y

6araToBiKOBIIH

,[(JIJI

TOMY

6araTOIO

6araTIIMII IIpiipO):(HIIMII ):(apaMII

rryTiBHIIKaX,

KHIIrax,

qlf

i

HaC

qapiBHe

Ee3rrepeqHo,

A

,1:(0

,[(OBi):(HIIKaX,

apxiBiB,

TaK02K

3aH:Mae

IIJiaJIMII, JiereH):(apHIIMII

lJ;IIMII MaJibOBHifqlfMII XTO

Micu;e

MaJihOBHIIqiiMII

IIOJIOHIIHaMII,

CMepeKaMII

Bci,

a

I

HerroBTOpHIIH JiiCaMII,

perioHaMII, 1x MaJihOBHIIqicTJo,

MIICTel(TBOM,

rroqiiHaJOqii

HOBiTHhOrO

3

qacy.

3

icTopil

):(iacrropii,

IlpiiKaprraTTJI".

rrpoqiiTaBIIIII

iCTOpiiqHifMII <j:JaKTaMII, rrpa):(aBHhOl icTopil,

y

KHIIry,

JIKi MaJIII

qacii

cepe):(-


BoJtoiJuMup

6

Fpa6oBeU,b/WU

Xi6a He u;iKaBo 3Hanr rrpo Harne ryu;ynhCbKe qyMal(TBO, rrpo ryu;yniB, JIKi

rri,11

rrparropaMrr nereH,!1apHrrx

Hau;ioHaJibHIIX

repo1B

Myxrr,

CeMeHa

BrrcoqaHa, OneKcrr )J,oB6yrna, JlyK'JIHa Ko6rrnrru:i, IBaHa KarrymaKa, IBaHa

CMIIl(HIOKa,

fplll(JI

fOJIIIHCbKOfO

Ta

6araTbOX

iHillllX

BII60piOBaJIII

Harny BOJIID B YMOBaX iH03eMHOfO ITOHeBOJieHHJI. I BCi IDTbCJI

l(i JiiTOITIICHi B

6iJiblliOCTi

Hamill:

ITO):(il 3aB,!1JIKII yHiKaJibHOMY BII,[(aHHID 3a<j:liKCOBY-

rraM'JITi,

aBTeHTllqHi,

Bi)1Ba2KHIIX i

a

qrrcJieHHi

3MaJibOBYIDTb

iJIIDCTpal(il,

B

Hamill:

,!10

YJIBi

TOfO

2K

repo!qHi

B

ITOCTaTi

IllJIJIXeTHIIX ryl(yJiiB.

MoHorpa<j:liJI

rrpo<j:lecopa

Bono,!1IIMIIpa

fpa6oBel(bKoro

u;iHHa

me

il

TIIM, Il(O B Hill HaBe,[(eHIIll iCTOpllqHllll <j:laKTa2K, orrepTllll Ha apxiBHllll MaTepiaJI, a iJIIDCTpau;il, OC06JIIIBO CTapOBIIHHi rpaBIOpll i ,[(aBHi CBiTJIIIHII, Ha6JIII2KYIDTb HaC ,!10 TIIX qrr iHillllX errox Ta rrepio):(iB iCTOpil ryl(yJibCbKOfO

KpaiO.

BoJIO,[(IIMllp CTaprnoro

fpa6oBel(bKllll

ITOKOJiiHHJI,

rreprno,112Kepena, ChKOMY

JIKi

rrrrcaHi

KpaiO

ITO

rrpaBy

BMiiDTb

He

HaJie2KIITb

TiJibKII

MOBaMrr TIIX ,11ep2KaB,

BeJIII

aKTOBe

)1iJIOB0,!1CTBO

,!10

TIIX

3HaX0,!1IITII JIKi

HOBi

rraHyBanrr

JiaTIIHCbKOID,

iCTOpiiKiB apxiBHi

B ryu;ynhCTapOITOJib-

CbKOID, HiMel(bKOID MOBaMII, aJie ll Bi):(qiiTyBaTII B HIIX yHiKaJibHi Bi):(OMOCTi

3

HayKrr.

iCTOpil

,!1YMU:i

i3

KpaiO

IIJI crrpaBa -

3aCTOCyBaHHJIM

HenerKa i

HeBMIIPYmY rroe3iiD

,[(OCJifHeHb

KporriTKa.

rraJieorpa<j:liqHQl

BoRa MIIMOBoni 3p0,!12KY€ y

KaMeHJipa:

Knuzu .MopcbKa zAuouna, Xmo 6 nux nipne a:»e iJo iJna, Toil, xo<t i mpyiJy .Ma6 iJocumb, j(U61lif

3a

CJIOBaMII

O,[(HOfO

3

nep!lU

6iorpa<j:liB

6UilOCUfflb •••

aKa,[(eMiKa

fpa6oBel(bKOfO

CTBep,!1IITII, Il(O l(JI KpiiJiaTa CTpo<j:la ITOeTrrqHQl MY3II ,!13BIIqall:HO TQqHQ aKa,[(eMiKa

xapaKTepii3Y€

ITiBCTOJiiTHID

fpa6oBel(bKOfO

BoJIO)J,IIMIIpa

icropWiuoi HayKrr. Mora

2K

Ha

M02KHa

IBaHa <l>paHKa Ha-

IT0,!1Bll2KHlll(bKY ):(iJIJibHiCTb HeJierKill

HIIBi

yKpalHCbKOl

,lcTopiJI fyu;ynhmiiHrr" ri,11Ha TaKrrx rroeTrrqHrrx

pli,!1KiB. XoqeTbCJI nrrrne rro6a2KaTrr, mo6 KHrrra rrpo<j:lecopa Bono,!1IIMIIpa fpa6oBel(bKoro JIKOMora IllBII):(Ille qrrTaqa -

rraTpioTa

i

rroTparrrrna ,110 pyK Harnoro ,!10ITIITJIIIBoro

6y)1iBHIIKa He3aJie2KHo1 YKpa1Hrr.

Mrrxall:no B II III II BAH 10 K, ronoBa IBaHo-<l>paHKiBCbKo1 o6nacHo1 ,!1ep2KaBHOl

a):(MiHiCTpau;il.


IIEPE,UMOBA MeHe

I

poiJww

xoiJJJCy

lJuUJy

5l

IIpuKapnamcbKa

lfecHo

JZimonucHi

iT

Jipo

BiKOBi

iT

no

cmopiHKU icmopU'IHi

Borro~HMHp

"t,

" \<

rJ

y~yrrhll(HHa.

~ rrereH~apHoro, ~ TaiiioBaHHH B

O~He

crroBo,

a

JIK

6araTo

3~a€TbCJI,

iCTOpHqHoro. MarrhOBHHqrrx

3eMJZ5l

JZOHi,

B

iJoJZi.

fpa6oBe~hKHH.

HhOMY

repo1qHoro,

HeBeiTHKHH perioH, p03-

KaprraTax,

rroKpHTHH

3erreHHMH

rricaMH, OIIOBHTHH CHHiMH XMapaMH, BHriTJI~a€, HeMOB IIHCaHKa B ITOHi rrpocTopo1

YKpa1HH.

HeBrrrra~KoBo

o~HH

<j:>paH~Y3hKHX

i3

MaH~piBHH­

KiB B cepe~HHi XIX cT. roBopHB, mo HeMa€ B €Bporri 6irrhiii rrprrBa6ITHBOrO

CB0€10

Tpa~H~iJIMH

IIpHpO~OIO

HapO~HOrO

KpaCOIO,

ITIO~CbKOIO

MHCTe~TBa

KpaiO,

3

HeiiOBTOpHHMH

ry~yiThCbKa

JIK

3eMITJI

Ha~

IJpyTOM. BerrHKHH

KaMeHJIP,

rrpa~i

cBo1il

,JlyK'JIH

JIKHH

Kp aiO,

MeHHHK

fRaT XoTKeBrrq

KpaCH,

XY~02KHiX,

rrepiTHHa

~e

B

HaiiiiH

6y~yqrrx

cKa3aB

,6rrarocrroBeHHHH

3aTpaqeHiH

~2Keperro

fy~yrrhll(HHY,

Bi~OMHH

,ry~yrrhll(HHa!

rrrrcaB:

B

mo

ry~yrraMH".

3acerreHHH

HaTXHeHHe

3aKoxaHHH

Ko6rrrrH~JI",

Haiiioro

HOl

6yB

Kpail

IIOBeHi!

HaiiiHX

3aKyToK

yKpalHChKHH

Ceil

y

IIHCh-

HeBrrqeprra-

Mic~e

6araTCTB

CKap6iB

apTHCTHq-

HHX ... " EaraTa Ha

~arrhHHH

i3

ITiTOIIHC

CITaBy Hapo~y,

pi~HY

MaTip

po3rr'JITTJI

Haiiia

IIOBHHeH

He3arre2KHa

BHBqaTH

JIKHH BCTaB 3 KOITiH

KpaCOIO

p03BHTKY,

CBOrO

H iHo3eMHHMH KHJI2KOl,

i

XTO

HeMOB

ITiTOIIHCaHHJI,

Ta

6araTocTpa2KIIpHMH02KHTH

3aJIBHB rrpo ce6e Ha BEeCh CBiT.

3arap6HHKaMH,

K03a~bKOl

H

xoqe

YKpa1Ha.

K02KeH,

iCTOpHKO-eTHOrpa<j:>iqHHMH

CIIe~H<j:>iqHoro

CBOrO

Tpa~H~il

Kail~aH

BH~iiTJI€TbCJI

YKpalHa CHITY

iCTO pHqHHMH BiKOBHMH IIO~iJIMH, p03KOBa-

CITaBHa CBOlMH

cnoro~Hi

perioHaMH,

B~JiqHi

ropHyiTHCJI

JIKi

B

~iTH, 36araTHITH ~0

rrpHMH02KyBarrrr

Hel

B

qacH

HeBMHpymi

rail~aMa~bKO-OIIpHIIIKiBChKOl

CITaBH,


BoJtoiJuMup

8 ,[(3BOHOM i

yKpalHChKIIX

He 3aJieJKHiCTh.

ll,e

IIpaBo6epeJKJKJI, Cepe):(

U:IIX

MIICTel(TBOM, Haiiia

Ta,

HO IIIY

,[(0

i

Ta

II p 0

l(e

rrpo

,[(0

BoJIIIHh,

6opOTb6II

3a

II oniccJI,

II o):(iJIJIJI,

BOJIIO

faniiqiiHy. KpacoJO

IIIIIIIHiCTIO

IIIICaJIII

i

rrpiipO!J:II,

HerroBTOpHIIM

,[(IIHaMi3MOM

IIIICbMeHHIIKII,

BII):(iJIJI€TbCJI

JiiTe pa TOp II,

MIIC-

MY3IIK03HaBu;i. rrpo

icTopiiKII

Ha

TIICJiqoJiiTHIO

XIX

-

BIIJIBJieHi

BpaxoByJOqlf ):(pyriH:

3aKJIIIKaJIII

oco6JIIIBOJO

3aKOHOMipHOCTeH

qepry,

6aJia,[(

eTHOrpa<j:>iqHQIO

Ha JKaJib,

cKa3aJIII

i

JliBo6epeJKJKJI

perioHiB

fyu;yJihll(IIHa.

Tel(TB03HaBl(i

!J:YM

MOJKHa cKa3aTII

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

l(IO

rronoBIIHi

rrepiiio1

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

rronoBIIHII

XX

rrpou;ecy,

HOBi

rrepiiiO,[(JKepeJia.

apxiBHi B

cToJiiTTJI

HaiiiiH MII

MaJIO

Bi!J:IIOBi):(-

OIIIIpaJOqlfCh,

yKpalHChKiH

3po6IIJIII

3HaqHo

cToJiiTTJI,

iCTOpiiqHoro

rrporaJIIIHY

XX

iCTOpi!O

B

rrep-

icTopiorpa<j:>il,

crrpo6y

3arroBHIITII

He):( orr p au: 10 B aHHJI

B u:e

rrorrepe):(Hix

,[(OCJii):(HIIKiB.

H

a III e

!J:OCJii):(JKeHHJI

fyu;yJihll(IIHII qaTKY KOJIII

50-x MII,

poKiB

XX

3

IIO-

cToJiiTTJI,

3a IIOpa):(OIO MOrO HaCTaBHIIKa

TeJIJI

icTopil

rroqiiHa€TbCJI

Bqlf-

aKa,[(eMiKa

IBaHa Kpiirr'JIKeBIIqa, BIIBqaJIII Topi!O

ceJIJIH

XVIII

CTOJiiTTJI.

Konii noro HOBi

y

50-60-x

CTOJiiTTJI apxiBHi

BIIHIIKJia Bci

poKax

6yJIII

MIIHY-

BIIJIBJieHi

,[(OKyMeHTII,

TaKa

pal(JOBaTII

!J:YMKa:

y

HaC

BifBqlfTII

!J:PYKOBaHy

BII,[(aTII B

TpbOX

iCTOpi!O

JiiTepaTyfyu;yJihll(II-

qacTIIHaX.

B

rrepiiiiH

qacTIIHi MaJia BIICBiTJIJOBaTIICJI TOpiJI

fyu;yJihCbKOrO

iCTOpiiqHifX

06KJtaiJUHJW

MOHOi!parjJif

BoJtoiJuMupa ,KapnamcbKe

qaciB

Kpa!O ,[(0

3

ic-

rrpa-

cepe):(IIHII

aKaiJeMiKa

Fpa6oeeU,bKOi!O onpuUIKiecmeo

1966 p.

ic-

XV-

orry6JiiKOBaHi ,[(OKyMeHTII, OII-

py HII

IIpiiKaprraTTJI

XIX

cToJiiTTJI.

Jl:pyra

qacTIIHa

IIOBIIHHa 6yna OXOIIIITII ):(pyry IIOJIOHIIHY XIX

cToJiiTTJI.

OcTaHHJO,


ImocmpoeaHa Tp e TIO

icmopi5l

qacTIIHY,

IIJiaHyBaJIOCJI

pyxy

ryu;yJihChKIIX

IIIOB

y

Y

TIO

II aM' liTh

1966

CBiT

1982

Ha HII

y

i3

To~iiiiHi

BII~aBaJIII

BII~aBl(i

BII~aB

3

y

JIK

YMOBII

qacTIIHY

qaTKY

XX

rraTTJI",

i~eonoriqHi

Haiiiy

qacTIIHa

TOrO

HOBi

Ha

qifHOM

l(IO

Ili~CYMOK

~OIIOBi~h

Bee

rrpau;i

icTopil

2K

MII

rrepiO~IfqHo

JIKi

qacTKOBO

YKpai"HII",

Harrepe~O~Hi

y

BII~aHHJI

qacy.

CIITyau;iJO.

HaiiiOl B

fyu;yJihiiiii-

Haiiii

HeJierKoro

MaTepiaJIII,

IIpOXO~IIB

IIIO

rre-

MOHorpa<j:>iJO

icTopil

rracKBiJih

, fyu;yJihiiiiiHa

Ha

ane

aKTY

~0

II e

6yB JIKY

pili oro

IBaHo-<l>paHKiBChKY

y

BII~aHHJI.

CBi-

BJiiTKY

3

BIIHIIKa€

OCKiJihKII

~OIIIITJIIIBi

qifTaqi

TaHHJIMII:

~e

KHIIrii

3HaHTII

HaiiiiiX

CKJiaJIIICJI

199 5

B

pou;i

rronoBIIHII

, HapiiciB

6iJihiii

BII~aJIII

X IX

icTopil

rro-

IlpiiKap-

TIIpa2KeM.

BII~aHHJI

Haiiii

pi~KiCTIO.

YKpai"HII MII

~pyro1

fyu;ynhll(IIHII 8-My TOMi

HeBeJIIIqKIIM

ChOrO~Hi

He3aJie2KHOCTi

TaKoro

, IcTopil

cToJiiTTJI",

rpa<j:>iqHQIO

iCTOpil

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

IIOTpe6a

rrepeBII~aTII

~0

qacTO 3

JiiTOIIIICY

MeRe

CTaJIII l(i

3BepTa!OTbCJI

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

i

6i6JiiO-

MaTepiaJIII,

qlf

i3 He

3aiiiiM02KHa

rrepeBII~aTII. BIIXO~Jiqlf

3

TaKIIX

HaHHOBiiiiiiX

iCTOpil

rro6yTy,

JIJI€ThCJI

qaciB

IIOTpe6 ~0

B

KHII3i

XX

KYJihTypii,

BII3BOJihHIIX

BII~aTHIIM

Ha

~iJiqaM

fyu;yJihll(IIHi.

IIO~a€MO

CT.

~a€TbCJI

a~MiHiCTpaTIIBHOrO

ll

yBara

Bi~rroqiiBaJIII

qifTaqa,

rroqaTKY

IlpiiKaprraTTJI".

fyu;yJihll(IIHII, Ti,

To~iiiiHi

BIIKOpiiCTaJIII

rOJIOBHY

rrporonoiiieHHJIM

~pyry

3

y

Tpe-

poKy.

CIIpiiJITJIIIBi

lX

~pyra

cT.

CTaTTJIMII.

ryu;yniB,

cyTi,

TaKIIM

OpTO~OKCiB

6poiiiypi

KoHrpecy

ITO

rrpo~OB2KeHe.

He~onyriiH:

CIIpiiTHO

OKpeMIIMII

oprKOMiTeT,

1993

CKJia~Hi

orry6niKyBano

6yno

XX

qepe3

BIIIIYCTIIJIO

T06TO,

BII~aHHJI.

HarpoMa~2KyBaTII

y3araJibHeHIIH

TOBOrO

poKax

KOMyHicTifqHifX

IIpO~OB2KyBaJIII

yHiBepCIITeTy

cToJiiTh.

cBiT

yBiH-

)l:oB6yiii.

OIIpiiiiiKiBCTBO",

Tpiinoril

80-x

TaK

nnBiBCbKOrO

HaMil

XIII-XIX

rro6aqiiJia

O~Horo

6 ara TOBiKOBOMY OC06JIIIBO

BII~aBHIIl(TBO

icTopiiqHo1

2KaJih,

He

BIIKJIIO qH 0 rJIII60KO

JIKIIX

Ha

CaMe

,fyu;yJihiiiiiHa

BII~aHHJI

IIpiiCBJITIITII

pou;i, Te

peiiiKO~II,

9

3

3

,KaprraTCbKe

3a~yMaHoro

ToM

0JieKCa

BII~aBHIIl(TBO

KHIIry

qacTIIHY

y

OIIpiiiiiKiB, BepXOBIIHl(iB

pou;i

MOJO

IlpuKapnammR.

B

JiiTOIIIICII

3-My

TOMi

IIIIIpOKa

,IJI!OCTpOBaHOl

IIaHopaMa

ycTpO!O,

p03BIITKY

3MaraHb

ryu;yniB.

yKpalHCbKOl

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

2KIITTJI

IIpOMIICJIOBOC0KpeMO

KYJihTypii

i

IIpii~i­

HayKII,

II(O


BoJtoiJuMup

10

MoHocparjJif

B.

Fpa6oeeU,bKOi!O

XVI (1982,

ABTOp Mory

CKna~a€ BH~aHHi

y

1993,

rnrr6oKy 3-ro

IBaHo-<l>paHKiBChKiH: o6nacHiH: ronoBi

rr.

MrrxaH:noBi

Moll II(Hpa III aHa 0.

lrop llenexaTHH)

icmopif

XX

Fyu,yJtbllJ,UHU

em.

1995 poKiB

ITO~HKY

TOMY

3

nolfamKy

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

euiJaHH5l)

3a MOpanhHY i MaTepianhHY

,lnJOcTpoBaHo1 ~ep2KaBHiH:

icTopil

~OITO­

IIprrKaprraTTH"

a~MiHicTpau;il

i oco6rrcTo 11

BHIIIHBaHJOKy. ITO~HKa

BH~aBHHl(TBY

3a rrpo<j:>ecill:He

,HoB a 3 OpH"

BH~aBHHqe

(~HpeKTOp

BHKOHaHHH KHHrH.


I

Po3.ll.iJI

ICTOPlR rYUYJibiUMHM B ICTOPIOrPA<DM TA IIEPillO,II)KEPEJIAX 1. lcTopuquuu orJISI.ll. yKpalHChKiH icTopiorpa<j:Jil EifEqeHO 6araTO rrpo6JieM, IIOE'JI-

i3 !J:OCJii):(2KeHHJIM

oKpeMIIX

perioHiE

YKpalHII

):(06II

¢eo):(aJii3My. Cepe):( HIIX 3acnyroEye yEarii fyu;ynhll(IIHa, JIKY

lEaH

<l>paHKO IIIICaE JIK rrpo

,6JiarOCJIOEeHHIIH

rrpo

3aKyTOK Hamoro

Kpa10". fyu;ynhll(IIHa

oxorrn10e

rriE):(eHHi

ripchKi

paH:oHII

IEaHo- <l>paHKiE-

ChKOl o6nacTi (BepxoEIIHChKIIH paH:oH, rriE):(eHHY qacTIIHY KociEChKOro,

Ha):(EipHJIHChKoro

i

KonoMIIHChKoro

qacTIIHY qepHiEel(hKOl (IlyTIIJihChKIIH ):(eHHo-cxi!J:HY qacTIIHY lJ;IIM

Kpa€M

XVIII -

(PaxiEChKIIH

rroqiiHa!OTb

rroqaTKY XIX cT.

i

rriE):(eHH0-3aXi!J:HY

BII2KHIIU:hKIIH paH:oHII), rriE-

pallOR)

l(iKaEIITIICJI CIO):(II

paH:oHiE),

3aKaprraTChKOl o6JiaCTeH.

,[(OCJii):(HIIKII

II(e

HaiipiiKiHl(i

rro):(opo2KyiDTh He JIIIme reorpa<j:JII,

eTHOrpa<j:JII, a II IIIICbMeHHIIKII, IIOeTII, XY!J:02KHIIKII, JiiHrEiCTII, KOMII03IITOpii.

fyu;yJihll(IIHa -

MeHHIIKa

IOpiJI

6aThKiEII(IIHa EII,[(aTHOrO yKpalHChKOrO IIIICb-

<l>e):(hKOEIIqa,

IIIIChMeHHIIKa,

rry6niu;IIcTa

rpoMa):(-

ChKoro ):(iJiqa peEOJIIDU:iiiHo-):(eMoKpaTIIqHoro HarrpJIMY MIIxaH:na IlaEJIIIKa, MapKa

IIIIChMeHHIIKa, qepeMmiiHII.

<l>paHKO,

MIIxaH:no

CTe<j:JaHIIK,

KYJihTypHo-ocEiTHhoro

rpoMa):(ChKoro

TyT

):(JIJI

qeprranii

Kou;106IIHChKIIH,

<l>inapeT Konecca,

HaTxHeHHJI

Bono,[(IIMIIp

TEopqocTi fHaTIOK,

):(iJiqa lEaH

BaciiJih

fRaT XoTKeEIIq, JlecJI YKpalHKa.

Ha fyu;yJihll(IIHi, JIKa Ma€ l(iKaEy i 3aXOIIJIIO!Oqy icTopi!O, EIIHIIKJia p03EIIHyJiaCJI TaKa CIIel(II<j:JiqHa <j:JopMa aHTIIKpiiiOCHIIl(bKOl 6opOTb-


12

BoJtoiJuMup

6H

ceJIJIH,

JIK KaprraTChKe

reH,I(apHliH Kli

XIX

cepe,I(HHi

orrpliiiiKiBCTBO, TYT rrpocnaBHJili ce6e ne-

MeCHliK

BacHJih Ea10paK,

-

B

Hapo,I(HliH

cT.

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

OneKca ,IJ:oB6yiii

lEaH EoH:qyK. rri,I(HJIB

H:oro

IIOCJii,I(OBHli-

Ha EyKOBliHChKiH: fyu;ynhll(liHi

ceJIJIHChKliH

pyx

cnaBeTHliH

JlyK'JIH

Ko 6HJIHU:JI. M aTepianH

rrpo

xpoHonoriqHliX U:YJihll(liHli",

icTopi!O

3arrHciB.

fyu;ynhll(liHli

Y2Ke

, IlpliqliHKli ,1(0

caMi

3BO,I(JIThCJI

3aronoBKli

IIi3HaHHJI

,I(O

cBoepi,I(HliX

,Erri3o,I( 3 icTopil fy-

,3 iCTOpii: fy-

fyu;yJihll(liHli",

U:YJihll(liHli" CBi,I(qaTb rrpo Te, II(O fyu;yJihll(liHa HaJie2KliTb ,1(0 HaHMeHIII ,I(OCJii,I(2KeHHX TepHTopiH: YKpai"Hli. rrpau;i

y

H oro

rrpo<j:>ecopa

crrocTepe2KeHHJI

xapaKTep.

ABTOp

Brrepiiie

JlnBiBChKoro Ma!OTh

3ra,I(y€

He

3ra,I(y£ThCJI

yHiBepcHTeTy JIHIIIe

2KliTeJiiB

HayKOBliH,

l(liX

MiCl(h,

rrpo u;eH:

KpaH:

EaJibTa3apa a

aJie

H:

faKe.

MeMyapHliH

Ha3liBa€

lX

He

ryu;ynaMH, a ,rrpaB,I(liBliMli rroKyTJIHaMH", ,ripcbKliMli pycHHaMH". 0T2Ke, ,I(OCJii,I(HliK He 6yB 3HaHOMliH 3 Ha3BOIO ,ryu;yn". BiH ,I(eTaJibHO OIIliCY€ rrplipO!l:Y KaprraT, HJIM

rOBOpliTb

rn:o 6yno H:oro ronoBHliM 3aB,I(aHHJIM,

rrpo

KpeCJIIO!Oqli lXHIO

CBO€pi,I(HliH

rro6yT,

BoneniD6HicTh,

2KliTTJI

pyxnHBY

i3 3axorrneH-

ripCbKliX CeJIJIH,

B,I(aqy.

rri,I(-

HaBO,I(JIThCJI ,I(eJIKi

icTopliqHi rro,I(ii: KiHU:JI XVIII cT., rroqeprrHyTi 3 po3rroBi,I(eH: Micu;eBoro HaceneHHJI. B u;inoMy rrpau;JI e reorpa<j:>iqHliM HapliCOM 3 HeBeJIHqKliMli

iCTOpliqHliMli eKCKypcaMli. Yrrepiiie

ChKliH

i3

crreu;iaJibHOIO

rry6niu;HcT

K.

CTaTTe!O

MineBChKliH,

eTHOrpa<j:>iqHy

xapaKTepliCTliKY

pliKO-eTHiqHy

rpyrry

,1(2KeHHJI

Ha3Bli

)l:eJIKi CBOl p03Bi,I(Kli

JIKliH

Bi,I( CJiiB

ll,e

ysary ua

B

IIpliCBJITliB

BliCTYIIliB

3araJihHliX

Bli,I(iJIJI!Oqli

rrepiiia

IIOJib-

pHcax

IIOX0-

,IIaCTYIIIliTli".

fyu;yJihll(liHi B.

,I(aB

OKpeMy iCTO-

crrpo6a IIOJICHliTli

,KoqyBaTli",

p03HaBel(b, <j:>oJihKJIOpliCT i rry6niu;HcT K. HYB

ryu;yniB

HaCeJieHHJI,

KaprraTl(iB.

,ryu;yn"

rrpo

IIOJibChKliH JiiTepaTy-

ByH:u:iU:hKliH.

BiH 3Bep-

rrpau;10 CBoro cyqacHHKa I. BarHneBHqa rrpo ryu;yniB,

ni,r:J,KpecJIIOIOqu,

UIO

nona

HayKOBO i rpYJITOBHO".

HarrHcaHa

IJoqliHa!Oqli

, 3

3

BeJIHKliM

3HaHHJIM

crrpaBH,

18 3 5 p., K. B. ByH:u;il(hKliH

rry6JiiKy€ pli,I( rry6Jiil(li CTliqHliX i XY,I(02KHiX TBO piB 3 2Kli TT JI fyu;yJihll(liHli. Ha 2KaJib, BOHli He Ma!OTb HayKOBOl l(iHHOCTi, 60 HaiiliCaHi Ha,I(TO IIOBepXOBO, Ma, Y

cy6 '€KTliBHO, CIT OTBO p!O 10 Tb iCTOpliqHy ,I(iHCHiCTh,

pyx orrpliiiiKiB po3Bi!l:u:i

CIIOCTepe2KeHb

i

caMoro

,fyu;ynH"

K.

OIIliCY€ 2KliTTJI

BaTa2KKa B.

30Kpe-

OneKcy ,IJ:oB6yiiia.

ByH:u;iu;hKliH rro6yT ryu;yniB,

Ha

ocHoBi

oco6HcTHx

a TaK02K TOpKa€TbCJI


ImocmpoeaHa TeMII

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

OIIpiiiiiKiBCTBa.

ABTOp

ToM

I3

3

OTOT02KHIO€

TepMiHII

,orrpn-

,ryu;yn"

III OK"

Y

50-x

JOThCJI

XIX

poKax

IIIITaHHJI,

cT.

rroJIBJIJIJOThCJI

IIOB'JI3aHi

3

iCTOpi€10

JIIfqKifX

po3Bi.IJ:Kax

Kpae3HaBu;iB

ryl(yJiiB

JIIIIIIe

3araJibHOMY

rroJihChKoro KYTTJI" Ma,

icTopiiKa,

3YCTpiqa€MO

rrpo

.[(2KeHHJI

TIIM,

qacTIIHY

BIIJIBIITII

XVIII

MiChKoro

CY.IJ:Y,

OCHOBi

iCTOpiiqHi

B

JIKIIX

, IloKyTTJI",

.[(e

qifMano

paKTepii3Y€

ryu;yniB

KiB

HaMara€TbCJI

JIK

l(eHTpiB,

MaTepiany

BeJIIIKIIX

30BHiiiiHiMII

ropJIH,

ll(O

piiiiiKiB, HeHHJI" IIO.[(iH,

H

BIIKopiHeHHJI

He

KinhKa

rre pe6yBaB

Ha

rrepeBa2KHO IIOX0.[(2KeHHJI

CTBep.IJ:2KY€ rro6yT

lX

rrpau;h 0.

fyu;ynhll(IIHi

rrpo

,3

yeT

Ha3BII

.[(aBH€

ryl(yJiiB, JIKOCTi,

piiqHifX

MaTepiaJiaX,

MOBY,

a

CaMe

p03Bi.IJ:KY BiH

pyx

xa-

OIIpiiiii-

BBa2KaJOqlf,

XVIII

rroqaTKY

ll(O cT.".

rroJICHJO€

He

Te piiTOpil

Bi.[(

rrorpaHifqqJIM

Ha

H:oro

TpbOX

.IJ:YMKY,

xapaKTep

HeqyBaHoro

.[(ep-

caMe

rri.IJ:

IIOKYTChKIIX

,peMeCJia"

HeM02KJIIIBIIM.

IIi.[(Xi.[(

IIIJIJIXeTChKOrO

fyu;ynhll(IIHi

BIITBIIl(hKIIH.

)K a 6' e)

i

Ha36IIpaB

ABTOp

,ryu;yn"

Ha

BIICJIOBJIIO€ OCHOBi

TaKe

OII-

,rroJic-

iCTOpiiKa

.[(0

0

Ma€TKOBIIH

CKiJihKII

OIIIICII

3BepTa€TbCJI

i3

yKpai"HChKIIH

)l:oBriiH qifM ana CBOl

CBi.[(qeHb

xapaKTepii3Y€

IIp02KIIBaHHJI, 3Blfqal.

CBOIO

aBTop

rrpiiCBJITIIB

Hapo.[(y".

.[(OCJii.[(HIIK

orrpiiiiiKiB.

Mail2Ke

C 0 <j:> p OH

(c.

H

.[(iHCHOCTi.

3aCeJieHHJI,

MiCl(e

<j:>i3IIqHi

6yno

rroqaTKY

Bi.[(.[(aJieHiCTIO

rip,

BIIHIIKHeHHJI

iCTOpiiqHiH

.[(OCJii.[(HIIK

niB,

Ta

o6ir

Brrepiiie

fyu;ynhll(IIHi.

cT.

.IJ:OCJii-

CTaHiCJiaBChKOrO

CBiTJii,

<j:>opMyBaBCJI

HeHayKOBIIH

crreu;iaJihHIIX i

.[(0

JIKoro

rrpo

Bi.[(IIOBi.[(a€

IIIICbMeHHIIK

JiiCiB

a

TeMHOToJO".

BIIJIIIBaMII

IIpii3BeJIO

CBi.[(qlfTb

XVIII

,Ilo30Kpe-

H:oro

OIIpiiiiiKiB

Ha

rrpo

rrpau;i

HayKOBIIH

po360JO,

rrpiirO.IJ:

B

B.[(anocJI

HaiiiiCaB

HeraTIIBHOMY

IIpiiqiiHaMII,

,cepe.IJ:HhOBiqHoJO

TaKIIMII

y

Micu;eBIIX

y

3i3HaHHJI

.[(0

TO

6oKy

KHIIrii

rrpiiCBJiqeHo

HeBe-

fyl(yJihiiiiiHY,

yBiB

pyx

B

EeJihOBChKoro

HoMy

qopHi

CXIIJihHIIX

orrpiiiiiKiBCTBa

HaJIBHiCTIO

rrpo

3BaHi

JIJO.[(eH,

,PJI.IJ:

po3BIITOK

apxiBiB,

neJibOBChKIIH

COl(iaJibHO- eKOHOMiqHifMII

2KaB

.[(2KepeJia

rrpe.[(CTaBIITII

BChoro-Ha-Bchoro

IloJIBY

A.

A.

rropyiiiy-

il.[(eThCJI

IIJiaHi,

rrpo

MaTepiany.

.[(e

J!KIIIO

Bi.IJ:MaHa

<j:>aKTonoriqHoro

3arrpoTOKOJihOBaHo

aKTiB

K.

<j:>aKTII

3HaBel(b

TaK

l(IIX

u:e

3

pyx.

aBTOp,

cT.

i

apxeorpa<j:>a

iCTOpiiqHi

.IJ:OKyMeHTaJibHoro

Ba2KJIIIBi

cepe.IJ:IIHII

IIIO

II OJIJI

B.

eTHOrpa<j:>iqHoMy

Bi.IJ:OMoro

l(iHHi

orrpiiiiiKiBChKIIH l(iHHe

3HaqHy

Ha

B

.IJ:OCJii.[(2KeHHJI,

fyl(yJihiiiiiHII.

BiH

MipKyBaHHJI CTap02KIIJiiB

IIpiipO.[(Hi CTaH,

qac

MaTe pia-

6araTCTBa, MOpaJihHi

6a3yJOTbCJI 3aKJIIIKOM

Ha

iCT0-

.[(OCJii.[(2Ky-


BofloiJuMup

14 BaTII

l(eH

TOp, -

KpaH::

Fpa6oeel{bKUU

,J!,

II II III e

aB-

3ri,[(HO 3 MOlMII ):(y2Ke CKpOM-

HIIMII CIIJiaMII, He 2KaJiiB rrpal(i, III06 3 cyMepKy ,[(aBHbOl HeiiaM'JITi BII,[(06yTII ):(eJIKi

CocppOH BHTBH~I1H

cni):(II

a6o

rre-

cBoro rrorJIJI!J:Y, B3arani rrpoiiiy JIJO-

lcropl1~J:f

):(ell:

npo

Hop~c

rreBHiiiii

peKa3II, i TOMY He HaB'JI3YIO HiKOMY

ycBi):(OMJieHIIX,

JIKi

Ma!OTb

IIi):(

pyKOIO Bipori):(Hi ,[(OKyMeHTII a6o KHIIro36ipKII,

ryuyAin

Y

rrpo ):(aJihiiii !J:OCJii):(II".

iHIIIIIX

aBTOpii

TOroqacHIIX

3):(e6iJihiiiOrO

eTHorpa¢iJO

p03Bi):(KaX

,[(OCJii):(2KYIOTb

fyu:ynhiiiiiHII.

B

rro,[(o-

po2KHix JIIICTaX pociHChKOrO BqeHOro

B.

KenncieBa

faJIIfqiiHY i

(!J:e

H):(eThCJI

B OIIII-

cye ryl(yJihChKY TepiiTOpi!O. 06KJlaiJUHKa KHUi!U ,Icmopu•muu

iJpyi!Oi!O

C.

cax IIO,[(eKy):(II

BUiJaHHJl

Bumeul{bKOi!O

Hapuc

npo

BIIJihHi

cyl{yfliB"

p03TaiiiyBaHHJI

y ropax 3a CBO€pi):(HIIM crrpaBJIJIJIII

IIJiaHOM,

MaJihOBHIIqe

3YCTpiqaJOTbCJI

IIOJICHeHHJI

oco6JIIIBOCTeH:

B. JICHJO€, HaiipiiKJia,[(,

rrpo

MoJI,[(aBi!O) aBTOp OIIII-

Herrpa-

eTHOrpa¢iqHifX

fyu:ynhiiiiiHII.

KenncieB

Ha):(TO

TaK,

rroBepxoBo

rro-

ryl(yJihChKIIX XaT, JIKi 6y):(yBaJIIICJI

Ha Bi):(MiHy Bi):( HII3IIHHIIX 6y):(iBeJib,

Bpa2KeHHJI.

ABTop,

B6aqaJOqii

y

l(hOMY

JIKIIHCh xaoc, !J:OXO!J:IITh !J:O a6cyp):(y, KOJIII IIIIIIIe: , X a Ta HarrpaBo, xaTa HaJiiBo, xaTa rrorrepe):(y, xaTa rro3a):(y; Hiqoro crriJihHoro, Hiqoro 3B'JI3aHoro HeMa; K02KHIIH

2KIIBe

caM co6o10".

IJ,IHlillM )J,)KepenOM ICTOpii TB eTHorpa¢a iyu:ynhii(IIHII e MeMyapii IIOJibCbKOm ¢0JihKJIOpHCTa 10. TypqifHChKOfO, B JIKIIX BiH Bi):(o6pa3IIB CBOl CIIOCTepe2KeHHJI

IIi):( qac

IIO):(Op02Ki

X IX cToJiiTTJI. IIepe6YJJaiO'IH TeHTIIqHIIH ,[(OKyMeHT BIIHaropo):(y 6yB

3a

B6IIBCTBO

B

ITO

fyl(yJihii(IIHi y 80-X poKaX

KocMaqi, TypqiiHChKIIH BIIJIBIIB

IIpiiBiJieH, 0JieKCII

BII,[(aHIIH )l:oB6yiiia.

aB-

CTeiiaHy )l:3BiHqyKy JIK 3rO,[(OM

l(eH ,[(OKyMeHT

orry6JiiKOBaHIIH.

Cepe):( !J:OCJii):(2KeHh Bi):(3HaqiiTII

fyu:ynhii(IIHII

MOHOrpa¢iJO

¢oJibKJIOpiiCTa 0.

):(pyro1

IIOJibChKOrO

KoJib6epra,

rronoBIIHII

rrporpeCIIBHOrO

HaiiiiCaHy Ha OCHOBi

X IX

cT.

cni):(

eTHOrpa¢a

3i6paHIIX HIIM y


ImocmpoeaHa

60-70-x

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

poKax eTHorpa<j:>iqHIIX

15

3

ToM

Ma-

TepianiB, rrpal(IO IIOJibChKOrO IIIICbMeHHIIKa

rry6nin;IIcTa

ChKoro Ta rry6niKan;i10 ChKoro

JI.

Kpae3HaBU:JI

HarrpiiKiHn;i

B.

3aBa):(-

rrpiiKaprraTBaH:reJIJI.

80-x poKiB XIX

cT.

6yno HarriicaHo qifMano rrpan;h,

IIIO

TOpKaJIIICJI

iCTOpil

fyn;yJihiiiiiHII.

Ane BOHII He 6yJIII rJIII6 OKIIMII HaYKOBIIMII ,[(OCJii):(2KeHHJIMII Jiy3i HJI,

Hi

B ra-

icTopil ryn;ynhChKoro HaceneHHi

Y

B raJiy3i

30-x

p03Bi):(OK

XX

HaiiiiCaB

II.

HOrpa<j:>

eTHOrpa<j:>ii:.

poKax

cT.

KiJihKa

IIOJibChKIIH

KoHTHIIH.

Ha

eT-

ocHoBi

BIIJIBJieHoro HIIM ,[(2KepeJibHOrO MaTepiany

aBTOp ,[(OCJii):(2KY€

3aCeJieHHJI

TepiiTOpil

qepeMOIIIeM 3aCeJieHHJI JIOCJI

Ha,[(

B XVII

0.

IJpyTOM

CTBep):(2KY€,

fyn;yJihiiiiiHII

IlOflbCbKUU

IIIITaHHJI

emHocparjJilo

IIIO

iJOCJliiJHUK

Ko!lb6ep<,

5/KUU

BUBlfaB

Tyu,yflbUI,UHU

p03IIoqa-

3aKiHqiiJIOCh

y

XVIII

cT.

3Bi!J:CII

eTHorpa<j:>

po6IITh

BIICHOBOK rrpo He,[(aBHiH BiK fyn;yJihll(IIHII. YKpalHChKIIH JiiHrBiCT E. 6IIJIJIHChKIIH iHIIIIIMII

l(i

,[(OCJii):(HIIKaMII

CbKIIX ciJI 0T2Ke, BaTII,

BBa2Ka€

y2Ke orJIJI):(

ll(O

Ey):(yqii

rrepeKOHJIIIBO

B X 1V -XV

CJI

,[(OBe,[(eHO

iCTOpil

xapaKTep

i):(eonoraMII

B

Ha fyn;yJihll(IIHII cy6'€KTIIBHO

Ko-

0 CKiJihKII

icHyBaHHJI

ryn;yJih-

CT.

rrpan;Jix

rraHiBHIIX

):(ae

fyn;yJihll(IIHII icTopiiKiB

KJiaciB,

Ol(iHIITII eKOHOMiqHi, IIOJiiTifqHi i

TaK02K

He 06 rpyHTOBaHIIMII,

icTopiorpa<j:>il rrpo6neMII

BifBqeHHJI

erri30!J:IIqHIIH

TBe p):(2KeHHJI

BOHII

KYJihTypHi

M02KJIIIBiCTh ):(06II XIX He

CTBep!J:2KY-

<j:>eo,[(aJii3MY -

rroqaTKY

3Mornii

MaJIO XX

o6'eKTIIBHO

rrpon;ecii, JIKi Bi):(6yBaJIII-

B rrepiO):( <j:>eo,[(aJibHO-KpiiiOCHIII(hKIIX Bi):(HOCIIH, IIi):(XO,[(IIJIII

,[(0

cT.

IIOJICHeHHJI

IIOX0,[(2KeHHJI

a

Ha3BII

, ryn;yn". Jliiiiie XX

CT.

J!KOBa

):(eJIKi 6yJIII

acrreKTII

icTopil

3arroqaTKOBaHi

fonoBal(bKoro,

10 pili

B

n:noro

Kpa!O

!J:OCJii):(2KeHHJIX

<l>e):(hKOBIIqa,

y

XIX

IBaHa

Bono,[(IIMIIpa

rroqaTKY BariiJieBIIqa, IllyxeBIIqa,


16

BoJtoiJuMup Borro)J:IIMIIpa rpeciiBHIIX

fHaTK2Ka

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

Ta

raJIIIl(bKIIX

iHIIIIIX

)J:iJiqiB

ITpo-

HayKII

KYJihTypii. 3HaqHifll II(IIHII

MeHHIIK

,PycarrKa

riirreBIIq.

Bi)J:KaX

Bifq

i

Hapo)J:IIBCJI

II(IIHi

B

C.

IOHiCTb

i

2KyBaB

pyxoM

3pirri

ITO

i

fyu;yJihll(IIHi,

TaK02K

Bipiiiax

6yiii",

,)J,oHJI",

KpaiO,

BOJieJII06HIIM

!1:0

roiTorri JIK

TaM,

ITpiiJITeJIJI, !l:OBIIIIIH

-

qac

yTpiiMaBcJI

CBiH

HaCeJieHHJI.

KpaH:,

<l>e)J:bKO-

repoJI

,HoBo6paHqiiK", a6o

)J,oB-

rreriHh".

fyu;yJihll(IIHi Ta

IT06yT

)J:OCKOHaHaCeJieHHJI

Ha3IIBa€

ryu;yrriB

HapO)J:OM.

fyu;yJihll(IIHi, He

3a6y)J:h

3a6apiiTIICJI, II(e

iCTO-

reorpa<j:>iq-

CITIIpaiOqiich

,He)J:pyr

TO

)J:eJIKIIX

ITpOBiB

,)J,OB-

CITpaBe)J:JIIIBIIM ITO

p03-

ITO)J:Op0-

Hapo)J:Horo

<l>e)J:bKOBifq i

MaH)J:pyBaTIIMeiii BiH

Ha

2KIITTJI

3)J:iHCHIIB

CBOlX

fyu;yrrh-

ITOeMy

ITOeMi

,Y6oriiH:

10 4 VI

BifBqaiQqlf

l(hOrO

u;noro y

BaBIIB-

<l>e)J:bKO-

)J:e

TBopqicTb,

,)J,3BiHKa",

n p 0 )I( VI H a JIO

ITpo

xapaKTepy

lEaH

MeTOIO BiH

Y

arrh-

OITpiiiiiKiBChKIIM

BIICOKOXY!l:02KHIO

(1882),

3ra)J:y€ThCJI y

BifBqaB

)J,oB6yiiieM.

HapOIJ:HY

Kp aiO

fyu;yJihll(IIHi. TOpKaBCJI

IOpiH:

ITOCTiHHO

3aXOITJIIOBaBCJI

OrreKcoiO

CTBOpiiB

6yiii"

BiH

3

eTHOrpa<j:>II,

EyKoBIIHChKiH:

pOKII.

6araTIOII(y

Bifq

Ha

pp.

ra-

, PychKOl

ITIICbMeHHIIK-)J:e-

)J:iJiq

IlyTIIJiiB-CTOpOHel(b,

OC06JIIIBO

Ha

yKpalHChKIIH

rpoMa)J:ChKIIH

qrreH

ITO)J:iH,

YMOB,

ITIICb-

ITepiiiiiX

)J:OCJii)J:HIIK

piiqHifX

BII)J:aTHIIH

3

)J,HicTpoBa"

ryu;yJihCbKOrO ITO

fyu;yrrh-

crraBH03BicHoro

1834-1841

Y

ITO)J:Op02K

MOKpaT

O)J:IIH

ciTiBaBTop

MaHaxy

HIIX

)J:OCJii)J:2KeHHJI

ITpo cBiTIITerriB,

TpiH:u;i",

qeHHJI

y

Bi)J:OMIIH yKpalHChKIIH

BqeHIIH,

JIIIl(bKIIX

leaH

BKJia)J:

3p06IIB

TIIIT

,JIK

ITIICaB B 6o

)J,oBHi)J:e,

CITpaBe)J:JIIIBIIH

Cnieeu,b

IOpiu

2YU,YilbCbKUX (/JeiJbKOBUlf

2ip


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

ryu;yrrhChKIItt.

A

)J,oB6yiiioBo1

ToM

IlpuKapnammR.

JIK

6y.[(eiii

KpiiHIIU:i,

M02Ke

a

B

B

17

3

KpacHo1rrrri,

PocToKax

TO

He

3a6y.IJ:h

rarriiU:hKIIX

.IJ:O

ITiTII .IJ:O

,IIIIcaHoro

KaMeHJI". CITeu;iarrhHOl CTBOpiiB, ITopyiiiy€ OITIICY€ pyx. -

B

.[(eJIKi lX

€rO

aciTeKTII

BKa3y€,

JII060B

KOJIII

ITIICaJIII

u;yrr",

,xopo6piiH

ITpiiqlfHII

CBOlM

6opOBCJI Bi.[(Bara

ITaHaMII,

Bi.IJ:OMIItt TOpiiK,

.IJ:iJiq

faJIIfqiiHi,

JIKIIH

paHi

HIIM

rpyHTOBHitt

HapO.[(Hi

ITO.[(aB

ro

Tpittu;i"

ITO

BeJIIIKitt, .[(0

3a

faJIIIl(hKitt,

II(O

BCi,

ry-

ITOJICHIO€ nyKOBIIH-

CITpaBe.[(JIIIBO

y

XapaKTep

Eap6apoccy". ITO eT,

eTH orp a<j:>,

ITO y

3i6.[(0-

Ha-

faJIIIl(bKO-nyKOBIIHChK0-3aKapiTaT-

CbKOrO

KpaiO,

Bi.[(BO.[(IITb JiiB".

51.

ITpO

ABTOp

.IJ:OCJii.IJ:HIIKiB, ,ryu;yrr"

JIKOMY

fOJIOBal(bKIIH

.[(OCJii.[(HIIKiB u;yrr".

B

3HaqeHHJI.

mo 51.

HaBO.[(IITb

.[(0

.IJ:YMKII

Ha3BII

mo

IHA3cBa,.

pyMyHChKOro

ciToqaTKY

Marro

fOJIOBal(bKIIH

,ry-

.IJ:YMKII

TBep.[(JITh, Bi.[(

Micu;e

,ropu;iB-ryu;y-

ITOX0.[(2KeHHJI

CXIIJIJI€ThCJI JIKi

ITOXO.[(IITh

,rou:",

OKpeMe

xapaKTepiiCTIIl(i

CJIO-

,6paHHe",

BIICOKO

Ol(i-

.

i

<j:>OJibKJIOp,

36ipHIIKa

iCTOpiiKO-eTHOrpa<j:>iqHifll

ry-

<l>e.IJ:hKOBIIqa,

ITOMCTII". BBiHIIIJIII

,Ha.[(

,BaTa2KOK

crroBaMII

cBoro

pi3HIITb

51KiB

OITy6rriKyBaB

Y

Ha

Hatt3aB3JITiiiiiiH

3a

ycix

qepe3

CJiaB-

fyu;yJihll(IIHi,

ITiCHi.

Bi.[(

,IIIJIJIXeTChKIIH

OITpiiiiiKII

KpiiBaBOl

MaH.[(pyBaB

ITepe.[(MOBi

i

ryu;yrriB,

OITpiiiiiKiBChKIIH

ITIICbMeHHIIK

yKp a1HChKIItt

)J,HicTpoBol'" qacTO

pyxy

IIIIIpOKO

KOHeqHo

CITiBaBTOp

36ipHIIKY

CIITb

,pa.[(II

BiH

xapaKTep,

rOBOpiiJIII

)J,oB6yiii,

,3aB3JITiCTb"

, PychKOl

30KpeMa

CITeu;iaJibHOMY

aBTOp

JIIIXBapJIMII

, PycarrKII

fOJIOBal(bKIIH,

MCTIIJIIICJI".

Ma€

3HaMeHy€

-

He

,)J,oB6yiii"

ITOX0.[(2KeHHJI

Ol(iHIO€

ITepe.[(MOBII

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

OrreKca

<j:>OJibKJIOpiiCT,

H03BiCHOl

KiHl(i

OITpiiiiiKiBCbKOrO

ttoro

Hapo.IJ:

BCe

.[(BIIrHeHIIH

<l>e.IJ:hKOBIIq

ITOeMII

KpaiO,

O.[(HOCTaHHO

TIIpaHOM

.[(0

BIICOKO

3a

€rO

Y

ryu;yrr".

)J,oB6yiiia,

,ryu;yrrhChKIItt

Ba

ryu;yrra,

oiTpiiiiiKiB"

3

i

fyu;yrrhll(IIHY

u;noro

,ryu;yrra

BOJii

BIIHIIKHeHHJI

U:YJihChKIIX

piiC

icTopil

II(O

.[(0

ITpO

KpiiBaBIIM

ITpo CJIOBi"

xapaKTep,

3aKapiTaTChKitt

ChKitt

ITpau;i

,IJepe.[(HbOMY

BOJieJII06HIIH

ABTOp

TO

icTopiiqHo1

O.[(HaK

ffKiB

.Fo!toBaU,bKUU

iJocJtiiJHUK

emHocparjJif

Fyu,yflbUI,UHU

ic-


BoJtoiJuMup

18 HIO€

po3Bi,!1KII

,!12KeHHJIM 6yTOM,

IIO,[(aB

qeHHJI

B

51.

Y

KiJihKa

JIKi

BipHIIH

3araJibHOMY

Ha

HaBO,[(IITb

JIJI,[(,

ryu;yniB,

OC06JIIIBiCTh,

BiH

11.

qacTIIHY

-

BiH

CbKOrO

pyxy,

CIIpiiJIJIII

IIOMIIJIKOBO

IIOJICHIOIQqlf

BIIHeKHeHHIO

HeBeJIIIqKy ChKIIH.

po3Bi,!1KY

ABTOp

rroxo,112KeHHJI ,yn-ryu:"

,110

BII3Haqa€

Ha3BII

JIBIIII(e

JIIIme

po36iilHIIK.

51K

i

H:oro

paKTepii3Y€ Ta

1xHiH

BaHoqKif

fyu;ynhll(IIHII,

XVIII-XIX

ll,iKaBi

paRKa,

KiJihKa pa<j;Ji1 Ane

iJocJtiiJHUK

KauHiJ!lb emHocpapif

l(hOrO rrpo

OroHoB-

rropymy€

IIIITaHHJI cnoBoM

OroHOBChKIIH

3HaqeHHJI

xa-

ryu;yniB

,[(eJIKIIX

3aiiiiCaHi

HIIM

rrpo

ryCIIi-

orrpiim-

3opy eTHorp a<j;Ji1 rrpau;JI 3a

BJiyqHIIM

,rrepmiiM

p03p060K

P.

I.

BIICJIOBOM

KoIBaHa

CIICTeMaTifqHifM KaprraT",

Bi,[(OMOrO

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

rJIII6IIHII

JIKi

I.

30KpeMa,

yKpa1HchKIIX

BciM

BIIJIIIBaMII,

pyMyHChKIIM

HaBO,[(IITb

JIKa.

CTaJia

i,!12KeHHJIM

neJibO-

OIIpiimKiB-

CT.

3 ToqKII

rrepHiU:hKoro,

foJIOBal(b-

3a A.

30BHimHiCTb

IIOJICHIO€

CJiiB

3

51.

HarriicaB

3

U:YJihChKIIX

KiB

P.

11

rrepeBa2KHO

i

,IJ,JI

KpaJIX.

rrorrepe,!1HIIKII,

O,[(Jir,

icTopi1

iCTOpiiKO-

BIIHIIKHeHHJI

fyu;yJihll(IIHII,

rroB'JI3yiOqii

3

B

Cni,[(OM

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

TepiiTOpiiO

,ryu;yn",

ITo-

BIIr-

,!12KepeJIO

l(IIX

B.

xapaKTepiB.

aTpii6yTiB.

30BHimHiMII

B

aBTOpii

30BHimHiH

YMOBax".

IIpiiqlfHII

icTopi1

II03Ha-

2KIITeJIJIM.

,!10CJii,!1HIIKa rro6yTy,

l(IIX

CBO€

reorpa<j;JiqHifX

,po36iHHIIl(TBa"

,[(e

HOrO

MOBY,

OC06JIIIBiCTb

TJiyMaqiiTb

,[(ocni-

BeJIIIKe

CIIOCTepe2KeHb

3YIIIIHJI€TbCJI TaK02K Ha orrpiimKiBCbKOMY pyci.

BChKIIM

Ta

i

3opy

rro6yT,

Ma€

B

KonJI

6araTO

aBTOp,

MaJIO

KpaiO

ToqKII

OIIIICY€

IIi,!1KpeCJIIO€

II II me

eTHOrpa<j;JiqHifX,

3

qac

Hap0,!1HIIM

,!10CJii,!12KeHHJIX,

l(bOMY

KpaH:

II(O

3

ryu;ynaMII.

yBary

u;eH:

fyu;yJihll(IIHII.

KIIH

3

reorpa<j;Ja-MaH,!1piBHIIKa

foJIOBal(bKIIH

,3aH:MaBcJI ,[(OBriiH:

03HaHOMIIBCJI

ryu;yniB",

IIpiiCBJiqyiOTb

eTHOrpa<j;Ji1 O,[(Jir

o6pa3

3aTpiiMY€

xapaKTepii3YIOTh

BCTyrri

JIKIIH

,1106pe

03HaHOMJieHHi

pli,!1KiB

cTocy€ThCJI

Jill,

BariiJieBIIqa,

eTHOrpa<j;Ji1,

,[(OCIITb

foJIOBal(bKIIH

6o,11aH ll,e

IBaHa

MiCl(eBo1

Fpa6oBeU,b/WU

a

,[(OCJii,[(HIIKa

,!10CTaK02K

eTHOr-

KailH,[(JIJI.

BIIII(e3ra,!1aHIIM

rrpau;JIM

6paKyBano

HayKOBIIX ,!10CJii,!12KeHb.

lEaH

<l>paHKO

,~OCIITb

B2Ke

HaiiiiCaHO

IIpiiBO,[(y

ryu;yniB,

MiCTb ,[(aTII

IIIICaB:

xoq

HaM

BeJIIIKa

qacTIIHa

,[(OKJia,[(HIIH

OIIIIC

aBTopiB

2KIITTJI,

3

3a-

MOBil,


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

• 3Blfqaffi piiHTII

BipyBaHb ):(OMIICJiiB

BIIepiiie

B

ryu:yrriB

1848

IlpuKapnammR.

p.

CBOlH IIi):(

IIpiiqiiHII

lX

KQHqe

cepe):(

JIKIIX

KIIHYTII BiH

Ill,o6

Ko6IIJIIIU:i,

):(a€

IIOJIOBIIHOIO

IIOJIOBIIHi pi,

JIKIIX

rro

B

)l,arri Ha

XIX He

,cerrJIHChKIIH

OCHOBi JIK

II

IIOBCTaHHJI.

):(OBO):(IITh, y

opraHi3al(iiO

IIIO

IIi):(iHIIIOB

IIi):( IIpOBO):(OM TifqHifll

6yrro ):(0

IIpOTII

y

Y

IIepe6yBaHHJI

i

<l>paHKa,

JIKIIH

H:oro

cerrJIH

Ko6II-

Ha

JlyK'JIHOM 6irrJI

)l,irrKy

pyx

MaB

i

Ko6II-

arpapHy

OCHOBy. BiH

IIO-

CeJIJIHChKIIH

IIOBCTaHHJI, Bi):(HOCIIH

3HaHIIIJia CBO€

B

IIepeKOHJIIIBO

1IpoaHaJii30BaHIIH HIIM

):(aB

pi):(Hy

BII2KHIIU:i,

):(OKyMeHTiB,

IIOKa3aB

36pOHHe

BIIepiiie

Ko6IIJIIIl(JI.

aHTIIKpiiiOCHIIl(bKOrO

6araTO

TeMII

TJira-

IIepepoc-

Ha

pyx

<j:>aK-

liKe

6yrro

fyl(yJihiiiii-

Bi):(o6pa2KeHHJI

o6'€KTIIBHY

Ol(iHKY

):(ill

BaTa2KKa. p.

BIIHIIIJia

):(ocrri):(2KeHHJI

3YJihTaT

BIICBiTJIIO€

Ko6IIJIIIl(i

I.

):(OCJii):(2KeHHi

1899

II

TaKi

cerrJIH

aKTIIBi3yBaB

frrJI):(OBi

IIaHIIIIIHHO-KpiiiOCHIIl(bKIIX

IcTOpiiqHa IIOCTaTb

HapO):(HOrO

BIICBiTJieHHJI

qiTKO

y

KpacHoMy

y2Ke

BiH

IIepiiiiH:

JlyK'JIH

IIpOBe):(eHHJI

CeJIJIHChKIIH

TaK

):(aHIIX

cerrJIH

IIOBepHeHHJI

cerrJIH

BXO-

3aKiHqyiOqii

pp.

IIOKa3y€

Ko6IIJIIIl(i ):(OCIITb BCe6iqHo.

MaTepiaJI

CIIpliMOBaHe

OIIIICY€

,ceciH:"

HIIM He

yqacTh

aHTII<j:>eo):(aJibHOrO,

o6pa3HO

IIi):(HJITIIH

Ha

cou:i-

JIKY

XVIII

Ko6IIJIIIU:JI

Bi):(Hi,

IIOCTaTb

B

!J:OKyMeHTaJihHIIX

6paB

aBTOp

y

IlyTIIJIOBa-CTopoHl(JI,

<l>paHKa

HayKOBOMY

HOrO

MaTepiarriB

iCTOpiiqHy

OKpyrii,

He3a):(oBorreHHJI

JIK

Bi):(HOCIIHII,

BII):(aTHY

IIOJIOBIIHi

1846-1848

B

):(eiiyTaTa

)l,ocJii):(HIIK

6irrJI

JIKOMY

po3IIOBi):(a€,

aHTIIKpiiiOCHIIU:hKIIX

IlaHqeHi

CaMe

B

Ko6IIJIIIU:i,

Ha

XVII

,IIoHaKJia):(aJIII

):(iTII".

fyu:yrrhiiiiiHi

3i6paHIIX

ocHoBi

3

B

IIOJICHIOBaB

xapaKTepiiCTIIKY

IIoqiiHaiOqii

):(pyriH:

i

TaK

H:oro

pyx

3MicTOBHY

Ha B

Krracii

6yHT",

CeJIJIHCbKOrO

fyl(yJihiiiiiHY

JIIIl(eiO

cT.

IIaHiBHi

<l>paHKO !J:OKJia):(HO

Ha

Xoq

XIX

BIIHiC

IIpo

IIOBCTaHHJI

H: ):(iJIJihHiCTh

KIIMIIOJIYH3bKOl

EyKoBIIHII,

3Harrii 1x 6aThKII

EyKoBIIHChKiH:

JIIIl(i

Hi.

cT.

JIKIIX

rra6i-

3aMiTKII ... ".

COl(iaJibHO-eKOHOMiqHi

KopoTKY,

IIOCTYIIOBO

ABTop

IIOJIBY

TeMHi

3aroBopiiB

CeJIJIHCbKe

CeJIJIHChKIIH

CTaHOBIIIIIa

cerra

JIK

Ti

B

IIOBepXOBi

KaMeHJIP

IIpO

Ko6IIJIIIU:i.

p03BIITOK

3p03yMiTII

<l>paHKO

IIpocTe2Ky€,

Ha

3aiiyCKaTIICJI

IIJiaHi

3po3yMiTII

OKOM

Kpaiiie

ryu:yrrhChKi

IIepiiioiO

a6II

19

6y):(yiOqlf

IIpal(i

JlyK'JIHa

2KIIB,

arrhHO-eKoHoMiqHoro ):(IIJIII

icTopiiqHoMy

):(OCJii):(HIIl(hKiH

IIpOBO!J:OM

3

BOJiiJIII

IIOX0):(2KeHHJI,

3aBopyiiieHHJI:

Tpe6a

apeHy.

ryl(yJihChKIIX,

IIpO

IIIIIpiiioMy

y

ToM

IIOHa):(

B

CBiT

IIepiiia

yKpalHChKoro

20-piqHOl

IIpal(i,

B

qacTIIHa

eTHorpa<j:>a OCHOBY

Bi):(OMOrO B.

JIKOrO

eTHOrpa<j:>iq-

IllyxeBIIqa JIJirJIII

pe-

eTHOrpa<j:>iqHi


20

BoJtoiJuMup

MaTepiaJIII,

3i6paHi

Y HhOMY ITO.[(aHO <j;Ji3iorpa<j:JiqHifH, eT-

aBTOpOM.

CTaTIICTifqHifll ryiiyJihChKi

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

OrJIJI.[(II

CeJia, lX ocepe.[(KII,

KpaiO.

J!cKpaBO

OITIICYIOTbCJI

Y HaCTYITHIIX qacTII-

O.[(Jir, l2Ka Ta iH.

HaX il.[(eThCJI rrpo rro6yT ryiiyJiiB, 1xHi rrpoMIICJIII, rronoHIIHChKe 2KIITTJI, o6pJI.[(II,

rricHi

i

.[(O.[(a€TbCJI

ryiiyJihChKIIH

ETHorpa<j;JiqHa .IJ:iJIJihHiCTh IIYJihllfiiHa"

.IJ:OCIITh

MOHOrpa<j;JiJI, JIK CTBep.IJ:2KY€ pa,

B.

rro3IITIIBHO

rrpiiMeHlliiiB

Xoq X IX

MOHOrpa<j;JiJI

cT.,

icTopil

HayKOBY

rrpoTe

IIIyxeBIIqa Ta H:oro OifiHeHi

B

MOHorpa<j;JiJI

cyqacHIIKaMII. M. )l:.

.[(eJIKIIX KiHIIJI

,fy-

IlpoTe

MaH.[(II6y-

aBTOp He .[(OCJii.[(2KyBaB HiJIKIIX rrpo6JieM,

IIiHHiCTb

3.[(e6iJihlliOrO

fYIIYJihllfiiHII

H:oro

yKpalHChKIIH .[(OCJii.[(HIIK

MaC OITIICOBIIH xapaKTep,

qfiM

CJIOBHIIK.

rrpalfi. eTHOrpa<j;JiqHa

MiCIIJIX XVIII

-

rro.[(aiO ThCJI rreprno1

H

OXOITJIIO€

oKpeMi

KiHelfb

Bi.IJ:OMOCTi

rronoBIIHII

XIX

3

cT.

TopKaBCJI IfhOrO ITIITaHHJI i Bi.[(OMIIH raJIIIIfbKIIH eTHOrpa<j;J, rpoMa.[(CbKIIH .IJ:iJiq .[(eMoKpaTIIqHoro TIOK.

HeBeJIIIqKoro

cTaTTero

HarrpJIMY

aKa.[(eMiK

,IlpiiqfiHKII .IJ:O

rri3HaHHJI

3a

I.

YP C P B.

AH

H:oro

ryt~yllhUlHHII , ~yAOilll np<.bl<ll KPIIIH • pi> 0 · 0>11'1 11otenet<111., l op11ri111111 11010 K.)'llt.lypoiO. "' CBOIO ABIIHIO I'IHHYBWI<H.)', 11 KOIIH COOH iHH.)' H Ullt ·

nl•u•y, "8c:rh1w I'!P"''"Y ii 6ypnHfty. npo IIOtO M< Hll" rytlylltft IID.)'HA

KY

.IJ:O

fYIIYJihllfiiHII",

2K

,.IJ:OKIIHYB

fHa-

CJIOBaMII,

BiH

TaK02K

IIerJIIIH-

rri3HaHHJI

fYIIYJih-

IlfiiHII". BiH 3a3Haqae, mo

~ellep t<e 11eWKIIHul 11p

, KOJIII XTO 3aiTIITaB 6II, Ill 0

fyuyna1111, 11 TaHoiK Pycttat<a" • pycht<HMH 11 JlbHH, r"nf'p ii YKpll'tHu•Hn H~t3BII ryuyl11e. :lll<JUbCM, 1\0CHTb 110"'" npo¢ecop fBI<e (Hequet), UIO o6'iJlll111 3 nPpy•teiiHM scrp11 <.~ · "oro YPIIAY Hawl ropu 1793 p , o;<uHB r o; pxoRHII ·

HaJie2KaJIO 6II 3p06IITII .[(JIJI

1101"1111 CHIIJ~T" ni.,oro neouoro.

3B~b

ce6e

He

Tlnt>KH

Cdl'li

110

Y"'"

.IJ:OKJia.[(Hirnoro

ryiiyJiiB, TO JI Bi.[(ITOBiB 6II

ula .npa8AHIIHM.11

nok.)'TKIIa .... • • • 1pCbKifMH Pyt.HHd •nt '" , HUBH ryuy.llll.t W ue tanyt . Ma6yth H03811 ryuyn ( PYHYHCbKO, fiOBClOJIII 13 r 0 u - po:t6'1WII' Kll l oKlll'lllHIIK y n : raH neauo Bonox11 J&altH Hap RIITCbHKR OOpiiWKIB, 3 'lllCOH I 11\llil cydnu 110'181111 311BlH BepiOBHHula nin 4oplloropH fyuynoMH . Pa C080 ryuynH, ~N UHM Ja1111 1101'11p>1 11011 , npocj). ~BIIa, Ce 'U1CTI-IH eu<i~HH>I THn , - '<)'ll<i OMIUJMit A.)'ll<ll He· aeJIHKI. f)'l(ylllt piW)''IO lllllli!'>KBtto IIC: AO 'l)'li<Hlt CXW· Hill H.!!polliB (Y:m, 0e'<eflirH), MK A)'Ma/1H JlB&tti 110 · c.ni.tJ.HHKII, IIJ11! .no yKpatHCbHoro nneHeHI1. 1'\pXeOnbOff'tHI liliXIltK01 DMII).)'IOfb, WO naK)'ITH

I

CAIHD fyuyn~>W,HHa

BIIU!

y

3 3

6pomypu icmopii'

.[(OCJii.[(IITII rro6yT

Ta

lX

CTaH y .[(aBHIIHi B.

iCTOpiiO

eKOHOMiqHifll i Terrep".

fHaTIOK .[(ae orJIJI.IJ: ro-

JIOBHOl JiiTepaTypii .[(0 rri3HaHHJI

fYIIYJihllfiiHII.

II e prny

.IJ:OCIITh

<j;Jpar-

AyJO<e JUIDHi enoxH Hana

ueo. uaceneHHll H no'fatlloay K)'nbtypy . I TIIK Jfta· liQ.CUITbC• T)'T npeliHI!TM B>l<ll l H II H. H 0 I tOOXII . l<O'I lUte AYMte piAt<O; HaMrtl1t aHpo6H Npi•ta 1 H• ~

CmopiHKa

rri3HaHHJI

IeaHa

Kpun 5/KeeuiJa

Fyu,yJtbllJ,UHU

MeHTapHy,

ane

<j;JaxoBy

p03Bi.IJ:KY 3 icTopil fYIIYJih-

1923 p. orry6ni-

IlfiiHII,

B

KyBaB

I.

Kpiirr'JIKeBIIq.

ABTOp

B

3araJibHIIX

cax

rro.[(ae

pii-

HaH:Ba2KJIIIBirni


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

21

3

Bi.[(OMOCTi 3 iCTOpil l(hOrO KpaiO,

rroqiiHaiOqlf 3 HaH.[(aBHiiiiiiX qaciB .[(0

cepe.IJ:IIHII

rrorrepe.IJ:HIIKII,

2Ka€,

mo

XVIII

cT.

Ha3Ba

51K

i

H:oro

,ryu;yrr"

pyMyHcbKoro

,KOJIOMIIHChKY

cirrn"

JIKa,

3a

,KHJI2KIIH

(XIII

cT.)

B c.

ABTOp

qac"

HaBO.[(IITb

l(iKaBi

rpO.[(ChKIIX

IIYHKTII

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII

IlpoTe rroqaTKY

Bci

B

XpOHOJIOriqHo

XV -XVI

.IJ:OCJii.[(2KeHHJI

XX

cT.,

JIKi

6yrrii

o6'€KTOM crreu;iarrhHoro

<j:m,

3aXOIIJIIOIOqlfCb

pO.[(HIIX MaC l(iH

i

IIaHiBHIIX

KJiaCiB

)l,ocrri.[(2KeHHJI

Ha3B

BII3Haqa€

B

correBapHi.

cirr,

Ha

rrepiiii

orry6rriKoBaHi icTopil

To.IJ:iiiiHi

fyu;yJihll(IIHII,

6opOTh6y CeJIJIH,

TpaKTyBaJIII

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII

II(O.[(O

rrpo

BIIp06JIJIJiaCJI

Ha CBipchKiH:

qacTKOBO

BIIBqeHHJI.

eK30TIIKOIO

3aTyiiioByBaJIII

i

BBa-

3ra.[(y€

OCHOBi

HaCeJieHi

CT.

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII,

TOpKaJIIICJI

Kpiirr'JIKeBIIq

IIpiiiiyll(eHHJIM,

Eepe3oBi

CIIOCTepe2KeHHJI

KHIIr

aKTOBIIX

H:oro

I.

rroxo.[(2KeHHJI,

B XIX

u;noro

icTopiiKII,

irHopyBaJIII

pyx

Ha He

eTHorpapOJib

cy6'€KTIIBHO,

aHTII<j:>eo.[(aJibHIIH

-

KpaiO,

Ha-

3 II03II-

OIIpiiiiiKiB.

rre-

pio.[(y cepe.IJ:HhOBiqqJI i HOBoro qacy B KOMIIJieKCi IIIITaHb .[(OCi He CTaJIO

OKpeMOIO

yBaroiO

iCTOpiiKiB.

TirrhKII .[(eJIKi acrreKTII u;i€1 rrpo6rreMII

BifBqaJIIICb

i

y3araJibHIOBa-

JIIICJI B HayKoBIIX rry6rriKau;iJix. Cou;iarrhHO-eKoHoMiqHe CTaHOBIIII(e Ta aHTIIKpiiiOCHIIl(bKa JIJIH

IlpiiKaprraTTJI,

6opOTb6a

ce-

30KpeMa

fy-

U:YJihll(IIHII, .[( 0 CJii.[(2KyBaJIIICJI aBTO-

fYt,!YAbl.J.!HHA:

pOM .[(aHOl rrpau;i. <l>aKTifqHifll Ma-

IK'p(rEi:IIUIU II CUW(I'lbHU· ~ n•..O"Cl I !;L)'~~ pOORUrllcy II HrJ:IOCil!lkt«<

Tepiarr rrpo farriiU:hKY i 3aKaprraTChKY

fyu;yrrhll(IIHY

KJia.[(y

rrepio.[(y

po3-

J'kpCJl Hl

<j:>eo.[(aJibHO- Kpirro CHIIl(bKOl

ciicTeMII

KiHU:JI

XVIII

-

rrepiiio1

rrorroBIIHII XIX cT. 3HaXO.IJ:IIMO TaK02K

y

MOHOrpa<j:>iJIX M.

paCIIMeHKa,

I.

r.

I.

<l>.

re-

Illyrrhrii Ta B MaTepiarrax Ha-

yKoBo1 KOH<j:>epeHu;il' TOBoro

E.

CTe6rriJI,

KOHrpecy

Ilepiiioro

ryu;yrriB

cBi-

(IBaHO-

<l>paHKiBChK- KorroMIIJI, 1993 p.).

06KJZaiJuHKa MamepiaJZiB KOHpepeHU,if

iT

Hanpau,boemwf

,fJU,J!lbUU(Ha:

COU,ia!lbHO-eKOHOMizlHOi!O p03BUmKy

B He3a!leJJCHiU

nepcneKmUBU

i

iJyXOBHOi!O YKpafHi"


22

BoJtoiJuMup 3HaqHIIH

BKJia,I(

KOBIIHChKOl ,I(iJIJibHOCTi MIIH

y

6opl(JI

IIpOTII

yKpalHChKIIH

0,I(HaK TaKi

ycJI

JIKII(O

<l>.

He

6opoTb6II

XIX

IIOJIOBIIHi

JIK

6paTII

<j:>eo,I(aJibHIIX

3aCeJieHHJI

Ey-

oco6JIIIBO

Ko6IIJIIIU:i,

,I(OCi

,1(0

KiJihKOX

yBarii

Bi,I(HOCIIH

Kpa!O,

rrpon:ecii,

IIOIIYJIJipHIIX

ceJIJIH

CT.,

BHiC

Bi,I(O-

II. III eBqeHKO.

p03BIITKY

KYJihTypHi

HayKOBIIX

aHTII<j:>eo,I(aJihHOl

rrepiiiiH

KpiiiOCHIIl(TBa JlyK' JIHa

IIIITaHHJI,

IIOJiiTifqHi

B

icTopiiK

erroxa

Ba2KJIIIBi

rrpan:i,

BIIBqeHHJI

fyn:yJihll(IIHII

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

He

fyl(yJihll(IIHII

COl(iaJibHO-eKOHOMiqHi, y3araJibHeHi

CTaTeH,

B

OKpeMiH

orry6JiiKOBaHIIX

y

2KypHaJiaX.

2. XapaKTepucTuKa ,lJ,LKepeJI BIIBqeHHJI

iCTOpil

KyMeHTaJibHIIX fyl(yJihll(IIHII MaTepiany,

Kpa!O,

MaTepianax.

6yna

MaH2Ke

JIKIIH

}J:ocJii,I(HIIKaMII

3BiCTKII

pyKOIIIICiB,

ITO

aKTaX,

ITO

qac

MopoBoro

CJii,I(y

B

He

n:epKOBHIIX

BIITBIIl(hKIIH

rroBiTpJI

HaiiiiCaHi

i

,I(e

HIIK ...

bJIOHChKIIH, co6i

CIIJihHY

MexiiTapiicTiB,

6ynii

n:noro

BIIJIBIITII

xoqa

KHIIr,

rrapa<j:>iJIJibHIIX

IIpiiBOil:Y

l(hOro HIIX

apMil,

MeTpiiKII

IIOJIBII

qyMII,

ane

Kpa!O. 6

JIKiCh

MeTpiiK,

rrepiiiiiX ,I(OCJii,I(HII-

,J!

IIIIIIIe:

3HaXO,I(IIB

qac

ane

6y,I(yqlf

IIIyKaB

3aiiiiCaHIIH

capaHqi rrpo

i

piK

XOJiepii

ryn:yniB

3Mir

Hill(O

n:noro

Jia,I(y

MaH2Ke

Bi!l:CYTHi.

TiJihKII

HIIX,

KpeM'JIHIIX,

6pOH30BOl

6pOH30BIIX II p 0

l(iJii ,!(Hi

,I(OKJia,I(HO B

Hir,I(e

3aJii3HIIX 2KIITTJI

il:Y2Ke

Mill

CeHMY B

,I(o6pe

IIOIIepe,I(-

1848

B

6i6JiiOTel(i

p.,

OTl(iB

3HaHTII".

rrepio,I(

BIIIIa,I(KOBO

CJii,I(II

,I(OCJii,I(IIB.

Bi,I(eHCbKOrO

Kpa!O

i

cKoporriicoM

He

IIpOCII,I(2KyBaB

2KIITeJiiB

CBi,I(qaTb

Hill(O

IIOCJIOM

rrpal(JO, He

pychKIIM

qaciB ...

rrpo

rrepBicHoo6II(IIHHoro

3HaH,I(eHi

3HapJI,I(b

JIJO,I(eH:

yJiaMKII

rrpan:i,

rrepio,I(y

KaM'JI-

roHqapHIIX

rraneoniTy

,I(06II.

)J:oKyMeHTaJihHi

XV

cT.

He

BIIJIBJieHo

-

,I(OCJii,I(2KeHh

2KIITeJiiB

3

,1(0-

eTHOrpa<j:>iqHoro

y

3

B

Ha

crrpo6

0,I(IIH

(erri,I(eMil),

CJiraJIII ,I(aJieKIIX

3aB,I(aB

BIIpo6iB

rrepiiiiiX

BIIHJITKOM

apxiBiB.

KHIIrax.

<j:>paHU:Y3hKOl

HaCaMrrepe,I(

Ha,I(II6aB.

Illeiiiopax,

)J:aHi

qifMaJIO

6i6JiiOTeK,

n:epKOBHIIX

IIOXO,I(y

6a3a

3a

6e3rrocepe,I(HhO

3 ,I(aBHiX

C.

fyn:yJihll(IIHII

OCTaHHhOrO

,IJ:2KepeJibHa

3p06JieHO

IIIICbMOBIIX

OCHOBY€TbCJI

Bi!l:CYTHbOIO,

qeprraBcJI

6yno

,I(OCTOBipHi

KiB

Hapo,I(y

qacy

3BiCTKII

rraHyBaHHJI icTopiiqHIIX

rrpo

icTopiJO

IIIJIJIXeTChKOl ,1(2Kepen

3

fyn:ynhll(IIHII Peqi

icTopil

cJiraJOTh

IIocrroJIIIToL n:noro

Kpa!O

XIV-

IIoKII

mo

rrepio,I(y


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

.l(aBHbopychKOl BoJIIIHChKoro ChKOMY

IlpuKapnammR.

.l(ep2KaBII

niTorriici

BapHJIX

qaciB

II(O

B

rrepiO.I(

KoJIOMIIHChKOro

3YJibTaTi HIIX i

H:oro

Bi.IJ:OMIIH iCTOpi!O

2KIITrJI

3eMChKi

rrpo

IIOBiTi

CTOpiHKII

)l:oM6KOBChKIIH, KHIIrii

IIpiiHHJITII, icHyBaJIII

II(O

pau;i10.

3HaHTII

3

3ra.l(y£ThCJI

TO.I(iiiiHiX

Bipori.IJ:HY i

COJie-

JIIIBe .1(2Ke peno

BXO.I(IIJia

cy.l(.

aKTOBi

Y

pe-

KHIIrii,

eKOHOMiqHe,

BOHII

rrpo

6araTo

BIIBqeHHJI

He

B

.1(0

!Opii.I(Ifq-

BCe

l(e

icHyBaJIII

, be 3

.I(Bi

KHIIrii

J!K

,KOJIOMIIHChKi JIIIIII e

p.

pe3yJihTaTi

-

II II CaB rpO.I(-

M02KHa

XVIII,

TaTapii

He

a

Ha

KonoMIIJO,

KHIIrii

-

Ba2K-

XIV -XVI

icTopil KonoMIIHII(IIHII

Ha

B.l(anocJI

HaiiaJIII

Ha

6II

.IJ:OCJii.IJ:HIIK

KHIIrax

rpO.I(ChKi

i

rpO.I(CbKi.

Harra.l(y

B

IIOJibChKOIIOTpaiiJIJIJIO

HarrpiiKiHu;i

1620

B

0cKiJihKII

6aqiiMO,

Te,

e

aKTax

CYMHiBy,

rpo.IJ:ChKIIX

II(O

Bi.IJ:CYT-

KOJIOMIIHChKi

raJIIIU:hKIIX

Y

p.

Bi.I(OMOCTeH.

cT. He

rri3HiiiiiiX

qacTKOBO

KOJIIICb

Ha

rpO.I(ChKi

Bi.l(6yJIIICJI

KHIIr.

XVIII

.IJ:OCJii.IJ:2KYJOqii

yBary

1442

3a

TOpriBJIJI

.I(OKJia.I(HIIX

cin.

3ariiHYJIII

mo

.I(OKyMeHTII

3ary6IIJIIICJI

y

3BepHyB

rrepeKOHaHHJIM,

TOMY

icHyJOqi

KiHel(h

3ra.I(Ky

aKTII,

H:oro

rpO.I(ChKIIX Ti

rrepio.l(y

Terrep

3HIIII(IIJIII

CBi.l(qaTb

3a

2KO.I(HIIX

rri.IJ:

2KaJih, cT.

fyu;yJihll(IIHa

rpO.I(ChKIIH

,IJ:oM6KoBChKIIH,

3p03yMiJIO,

rrpo

TOrO

B2Ke

Ha

XVII

IIoKyTTJI

TO,

Ma€MO

BOHII

rroqaTKY

cT.,

fyu;yJihll(IIHII.

IIoqiiHaJOqii U:YJihll(IIHY. u;noro

IJ,e

Kpa!O

MiqHe

piiqHifX

3

XVI

BIIJIBJieHo TIIM,

2KIITTJI

ryu;yniB

aKTOBIIX

.l(ep2KaBHOMY

6yna

JIKi

icTopiiqHoMy

TOMY

rroqaJIII TaK,

Terrep apxiBi

6iJihiiie

OCHOBHIIH

cT.,

3a<j:>iKCOBaHa

KHIIrax,

B2Ke

II(O

XVI-XVII

y

TOroqacHIIX .I(OKyMeHTiB.

Bi.I(OMOCTeH

rpO.I(ChKIIX

cT.

IIOJICHIO €TbCJI

Bi.IJ:6yBaBcJI

IIOJiiTifqHe

CTOpiHKII

MY

p.

y

rpO.I(ChKi

faJIIfqlfHII,

KHIIr.

KOJIOMIIHChKIIX

He

E.

II.

II02KBaBJieHa

-

IIaHyBaHHJI OKpeMIIH

Bi.l(o6pa2KaJIII

icHyBaTII,

KOH<j:>JiiKTII,

II.

JIKi

KOJIOMIIHChKi

6yna

Ha

6yB

rrpaBa

MYCIIJIII

OKpeMi

MOJI.I(aBChKi

H

.l(e

BqeHIIH

aKTOBIIX

KHIIrii

l(bOMY

a

1241

B

faJIIIU:hKO-

faJIIIl(hKO-BOJIIIH-

Kpa!O.

rroJihChKIIH

3ra.I(KII

JIK

cT.)

y

BIIp06JIJIJIII

CTBOp!OBaJIIICJI

cepe.I(HhOBiqHoro

6araTbOX

ChKi

Jliiiiie

PoMaHOBIIqa

IIOJibChKOrO

IIOBiTy,

.l(iJIJibHOCTi

IIOJiiTifqHe

HiCTb

(IX-XI

Pyci

CT.).

6e3CYMHiBHO,

BIIIICyBaJIIICJI .I(OKyMeHTII,

He

MaB

,IJ:aHIIJia

JIKY,

23

3

fyu;yJihll(IIHII.

Bi.I(OMO, .1(0

KIIlBChKOl

(X1I-XIII

KHJI3iBCTBa

,KOJIOMIIHCbKa CiJih",

ToM

rrpou;ec

Bi.IJ:OMOCTi

qacTiiiie

qacTIIHa y

.1(2Kepen

eKoHo-

IIOTpaiiJIJITII

raJIIIl(bKIIX

y

M.

fy-

3aCeJieHHJI

rrpo

pi3HOMaHiTHIIX

36epiraJOTbCJI YKpai"HII

rrpo

Ha

iCTO-

2KII.I(aqiBChKIIX y

IJ,eHTpaJibHOJlnBOBi.

Y

u;i


24

BoJtoiJuMup

6araTOTOMHi CTPYKrril

KHIUII

ITOCJiiB

BHOCIIJIIICJI

Bill:

MaHChKi

KOpOJiiBChKi

rrpoTOKOJIII

CY!l:OBIIX

CBOl

Ma€TKII,

6araTO

3eMJii

po,Il;y

IleBHa

11:0

HIIX

)l;oroBopii,

pe€CTpii,

rpyrra

CeHM,

reTb-

ITOTpaiTJIJIJIII

crropii

lllJIJIXTII

ITO)l;aTKOBi

IIliX

iH-

CeHMIIKY,

KOpOJiiBChKIIH

qaCTO

opeH)l;Hi

rro6opoBi

)l;OKyMeHTiB.

faJIIIIIhKOrO

Ha

yHiBepcaJIII.

rrporreciB,

pi3HOrO

iHlllliX

ITOCTaHOBII

faJIIIIIhKOl

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

aKTiB

3a

crrpaBII

Ta

CTOCY€TbCJI

fy-

IIY JihiiiiiHII. 0)l;HIIM

Ba~JIIIBIIX

i3

CTaHOBIIIIIa rpO,Il;ChKIIX TOpil

KHIIrax

aBTOp

fYrrYJihiiiiiHII:

(1678),

Crro6o11:a, qopHIIH

(1 7 2 8),

Jho q a

llla

ITOBIIHHOCTeH

raJIIIIIhKIIX

)l;aTKOBi)

TII,

3aB)l;JIKII

ITOBiTy

17

Bill:

He

po11:y

rrpaBOBOrO

EaHJI

CTaHOBII-

<j:>eo)l;aJibHIIX

Ma€TKiB.

BorrocTi

Eoropo)l;qaHIIIIIHII

correBapiHHJI

(

TaKi

1669),

(1675).

ryrryJihChKO-

BIIJIBIITII Ha

cirr

p.

)l;a€

6y)l;IIHKiB,

peBi3il

BOHII

rriHHi

H

(rro-

MO~Ha

BCTaHOBIIqac

lX

KiJihKiCTh

)l;OBi)l;aTIICJI Ha

TOll

( OCKiJihKII

po3KpiiBaiOTh

BII-

KoJIOMIIHChKOro

BII3HaqiiTII

CiMeH

fYrrYJihiiiiiHII

oco6rriiBO

JIKIIX

arre

rrpii6JIII3HIIH

pe€CTp

MO~JIIIBiCTb

HacerreHHJI

rro6opoBi

OCHOBi MiCT,

rropiBHJIHHIO,

HeMa€)

rrpo

qac.

CTaTIICTifqHifX

)l;eMorpa<j:>iqHIIH

KpaiO. €

aHTIIKpiiTOCHIIIIhKOl

MaCOBIIX

EaHJI 3orro-

CBipcbKa

KyTchKOl

pp.,

iHlllliX

rriHHIIH

~IITJIOBIIX

Bill:OMOCTi

rrepiO!l:Y

Cepe11: ll:OKyMeHTiB MII

TeKyqa

PyHrypii,

ITi)l;BIIIIIeHHJI

B)l;aJIOCJI

1662

JIIIllle

1670

TpaBHJI

ITYHKTiB,

rrporrec

KHIIrax

Ha)l;3BifqaH:Ho

qifceJihHiCTh

TOrO

icTopil

1660

3a

rrpii6JIII3HY TaKoro

cirr

qyMarrTBa.

HaCeJieHIIX

)l;aHIIX

3

XpOHOJIOriqHoMy

TaK,

Tepii-

BII~Hiil,

Eepe3iB

(1721),

BJiaCHIIKaMII

cirr

(1687),

IIicTIIHi

p03BIITOK

HIIKHeHHJI.

Ha

ITOCecopaMII,

rpO,Il;ChKIIX

pe€CTpii

llpOCTe~IITII

3

Me~IIpiqqJI,

3apiqqJI,

AKpelllopii,

CeJIJIH

ripcbKIIX

BIIJIBJieHo

Ha)l;)l;HiiTpliHChKOrO

(1700),

KocMaq,

CKaprii

3

(1687),

11:~eperr

iHBeHTapiB

(1622),

51MHe,

PocTOKII

raJIIIIIhKIIX

iH.

opeH)l;apJIMII,

36eperrriicJI

)l,errJITIIHIIIIIHII

Y

Ta

TaKIIX

rrpaBOBOrO

Y

cirr.

COrriaJibHO-eKOHOMiqHoro

)l;OITOBHIOIOTb

ll:OKyMeHTII

qiiMarro

(1708),

1726),

OITIICII

cTapocTBa

MIIKYJIIIqiiH, 516rryHIIrrJI

(1 7 3 0)

eKOHOMiqHoro

)l;eKiJihKa

a6o

KapTIIHY

ryrryrriB

BIIJIBIIB

IloTiK

(Crro6o11:a,

3araJibHY

BifBqeHHJI iHBeHTapHi

CHJITIIHChKoro

Eepe3oBa, IloTiK

(1687),

KoBarriBKa

)l,o6piirriB,

TIIH

)l;~eperr

CeJIJIH-ryrryrriB

BTeq

i

Ba~JIIIBi

icTopiiqHi

6opOTb6II

3aKiHqyJOqlf

Ha

Bill:OMOCTi

fYrrYJihiiiiiHi,

36pOHHIIMII

BIICTyrraMII

rrpo

pi3Hi

<j:>op-

rroqiiHaiOqlf CeJIJIH-rOpliH.

Bill: 3


ImocmpoeaHa rrepio.[(y

icmopi5l

HapO.[(HO-BII3BOJibHOl

BCTaHHJI

B

faJIIfqiiHi

BIICBiTJIIOIOTb

6opoTb6II

y

.IJ:pyriH:

OCHOBHa

aHTII<j:>eo.[(aJibHOrO XVI,

HaH:6iJihiiie rrpo

HhOrO

CbKIIX

rpO.[(ChKIIX

B eJIIIKa fyu;ynhll(IIHII

IJ,iKaBi

.[(2KepeJia

I.

(154

A.

y

i

B

y

3

i

u;ie1

<j:>acu;IIKynax.

CIIel(II<j:>iqHoro

JIKIIH y

HapO.[(HOl

icTopil

pi3HIIX

oco6JIIIBO

p03BIIHYBCJI

XVIII

raJIIIl(bKIIX

cT., i

B

Bi.[(o-

2KII.[(aqiB-

rre piii O.IJ:2K e pen

36epiraeThCJI iM.

aBTOp

B.

y

3

icTopil

pyKorriicHoMy

Bi.IJ:.IJ:ini

1954-1974

J! 6JIOHOBChKIIX,

CarreriB,

a

HAH

CTe<j:>aHIIKa

IIpOTJirOM

MarRa TiB

CIIpaBII),

ripChKi

JIKIIH

3aMKy.

TaK02K

II.

B

pp.

YKpai"HII. B

OC06IIC-

0

)]).IJ:YIIIIIl(hKIIX,

oco6IICTIIX

lliHail.[(epa,

rroniTIIqHoro

36eperJIOCJI

fyu;yJihll(IIHi .[(OrOBOpii, BIIHHOCTi

CKaprii, i

IIOCecopiB

51.

C-

KOJieKu;iJix

fonoBal(hKO-

TyT

KHJI2KHII

3B'JI3KY

3

EeHoe

3

II.

Ha

qifMaJIO .[(OKyMeHTiB COJii.

JIIICTII Mill(aH,

Ta

rrpo

B

Ee-

J!6JIOHOBCbKOl

B

Bi.IJ:KJianocJI

yrrpaBIITeJIJIMII rrpa-

cepe.IJ:IIHi XVIII

p03BIITOK

y

opeH-

eKOHOMiqHoro,

iHBeHTapHi

CBaBiJIJIJI

IlaBJia JIKIIH

<j:>OH.IJ:i

rrocecopaMII,

Bi.[(06 pa2Ka!O Tb i

Teo<j:>iJiil

iCTOpi!O

qliCJieHHi

rHiT

.IJ:OKyMeHTII

y

J!6JIOHOB-

KiJihKOX CTOJiiTh

rrpoKypopa,

U:IIM

fyu;ynhll(IIHi

fyu;yJihll(IIHII,

KHJI3iB

IIpOTJirOM

KOpOHHOrO

BIICBiTJieHO

2KIITTJI

cT.

COJieBapiHHJI OIIIICII,

Y Ha

opeH.[(Hi

He CTeprrHi

<j:> eo.[(aJihHi

opeH.[(apiB

MiCl(eBOl IIIJIJIX-

aHTII<j:>eo.[(aJibHOl

6opOTb6II

ropJIH

IIO-

IIpOTII

rHiTy.

J!6JIOHOBChKIIX

rroBHiiiie

Y

iCTOpi!O

<j:>OH.[(i

rrpiiBepTaJOTh i

BJiaCHIIl(i

BIICTYIIII

HecrrpaBe.[(JIIIBOCTi <j:>OH.[(i

YEary

cT.

IIpO.[(a2K

CeJIJIH

CTBOp!OBaBCJI

MarHaTa

BOBOrO

i

y

XVIII

JIIIcTyBaHHJI

BIICBiTJIIOIOTb OC06IICTOMY

KaiiiTeJIJIHa

Ma€TKII

poKax

II(O

BeJIIIKOMY

opeH.[(apJIMII.

Y

cT.

IleTpyiiieBIIqa,

Ma€TKiB,

3Mory

XVII

qacTIIHa

.[(OKyMeHTiB,

BapiiiaBCbKOrO

20-40-x

TII,

IIOBCTaHHi

OIIpiiiiiKiB,

Ba2KJIIIBa

BIIJIBIIB

EypiiiTIIHChKOMY

<j:>OH.[(i

e

II(O

IIOJibChKO-

BariiJieBHqa.

CbKIIX

u;iKaBe

y

.[(OKyMeHTiB,

IIpOTII

.[(2Kepena

cT.

qacTKOBO

IloTOU:hKIIX,

HaH:6iJihiiie

.[(yBaB

y

6i6nioTeKII

IIOJibChKIIX

CKOHl(eHTpOBaHO

Hoe,

po.[(y

IIO-

KHIIrax.

qoJIOBChKoro,

ro,

p.

yqacTb

3HaHTII

XVI-XVIII

coniHChKIIX,

0.

M02KHa

HayKoBo1

<j:> OR.[( aX

HapO.[(HOrO

Ba2KJIIIBIIX 1648

XV1I-XVII1

KaprraTChKIIX

o co6JIIIBO

JlnBiBChKOl

lX

pp.

KOJIIICKa .[(OBrOTpiiBaJioro

rroiiiiipiiBCJI

MOCTi

TIIX

pyxy

6araTO

BOCeHII

Ilo.[(i6Horo

rronoBIIHi

-

25

3

1648-1657

30KpeMa

BIIcoqaHa.

fyu;yJihll(IIHa

BiHHII

ryu;yniB

IIaHyBaHHJI,

CeMeHa

ToM

36eperJIOCJI

BIICTYIIII

IIIJIJIXeTChKOrO apMil

IlpuKapnammR.

BIICBiTJIIITII

BIIJIBJieHO pyx

yHiKaJihHi

orrpiiiiiKiB

.[(2Kepena,

cepe.IJ:IIHII

XVIII

JIKi

.[(a!OTb

CT.,

30K-


26

BoJtoiJuMup

peMa

IIi):(

BaciiJIJI

IIpOBO!J:OM

Ea10paKa.

pi3HOMaHiTHIIX IOTbCJI IlaBJia oTeu;i

,[(OKyMeHTiB

BaciiJIJI

i

BeJIIIKOMY

<j:> OH):(i

BIICBiTJIIOIOTh

KociBII(IIHi.

TyT

CTapiitt

OIIIICaHO

<j:>eo,[(aJihHi

ocepe):(Ky i

IIpo

ceJIJIH

BTeqi

YEary naBa

3a

MicTa

fopo):(,

KociB

e

TyT

3

HayKoBitt

l(iHHi

6i6ni-

,[(OKyMeHTII,

cT.,

CIICTeMy

i

Ha

ripcbKIIMII

J!BopiB,

y

II(O

30KpeMa

Ma€TKaX

IIepe):(MicTJIMII CoKoJiiBKa,

!J:OKyMeHTII,

1738-1751

i

):(Bi

pp.

Y

fyl(yJihll(IIHII;

Ha):( oiipiiiiiKaMII

IIoqaTKY

i

)J:oB6yiiia

Ta

ll,i

3

oiipiiiiiKiBChKoro

cepe):(IIHII

MaTepiaJIII

cy):(oBi HIIX

iCTOpi!O

l(bOMY

PiqKa,

ripCbKO-

xapaKTepii3YIOTb JIKi

po3IIOBi):(a!OTh

XVIII

MicTa

CTaHic-

CKOHl(eHTpOBaHO

IIpOTOKOJIII

,[(OIIOMOrJIII

pyxy

KHIIrii

cT.,

CY!J:OBIIX

3i3HaHHJI

3'JicyBaTII

IIi):(

IIpOBO!J:OM

OCHOBOIO

BifBqeHHJI

qifMaJIO IIpOl(eCiB

IIo6paTIIMiB

6araTO

<j:>aKTiB

nereH):(apHoro

repoJI

,IJ:oB6yiiia. )]:2Kepena,

II(O

CJiy2KaTb

qaciB

ABcTpittchKOl

aKTaX

( 1772-1780)

HiCTb

,[(JIJI

Mill(aH

1820)

B

,[(OMiHil,

XIX

poKiB ):(iHHJI,

cT.,

6opOTh6i

ll,e

faJIIIl(bKOrO

y

3a3HaqeHoro

HIIX

raJIIIl(hKIIX

HaMiCHIIl(TBa.

lX

IIepio):(y

):(2Kepena,

OIIIIC

BJiaCHiCTh,

IIpiiBaTHi

HaBe,[(eHO

M02KJIIIBiCTh

IIpocTe2KIITII

HaCeJieHIIX

JIKi

CeJIJIHChKIIX

IIaCOBIIII(a;

IIYHKTiB

Ha

l(iH-

CeJIJIH

<l>paHl(IICKaHChKitt

TQqHifH

3eMeJibHY

JiiCII,

rpo):(ChKIIX IleBHY

CTaHOBIIII(a

Ma!OTh

(1785-1788)

IIO,[(aHO

fyl(yJihll(IIHII

Mic-

(1819Mill(aH-

):(ep2KaBHi

l(II<j:>poBi cTaH

fyl(yJihll(IIHi

,[(aHi

80-X

3eMJieBonoB

IIepiO):(

KaiiiTaJii3MY. IIpOTII

fyl(yJihll(IIHII,

TeCTy.

3ocepe):(2KeHo

iCTOpil

COl(iaJibHO-eKOHOMiqHoro

JIKi ):(a!OTh

BIIHIIKHeHHJI

p03BIITKY Y

Y

rOCIIO):(apCTB,

Ma€TKII

<j:>OH,[(aX

Hocii<j:>iHChKitt

MeTpiiKaX.

CbKIIX

iMIIepil,

BifBqeHHJI

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

TJIThCJI

Ma

36epira-

Mill(aH.

1703-1723

icTopil

80

HaCTYIIHIIKiB

IIpiiBaTHIIX

Bi):(OMOCTi,

IIpO

0.

y

opeH):(Hy

IIpiiBepTa!OTh

iH.

IIOHa):(

II(O

ttoro

XVIII

KJI!Oqa

CeJIJIH

!J:OCJii):(HIIKiB

,[(OKyMeHTiB

IIpO

3HaXO,[(JITbCJI

IIO,[(aHO

KociBII(IIHII.

i

)J:oB6yiiia,

JlnBiBChKitt

Ea6IIH,

IIOBIIHHOCTi,

MJIIIHII

y

copaTHIIKa

e

YKpai"HII.

KociBChKoro

fyl(yJihll(IIHII;

coneBapHi

Ea10paKa

6ottoBoro

!J:OCJii):(HIIKiB

):(iJIJihHiCTb

CTaHOBIIII(e

KociB,

ttoro

,[(OKyMeHTaMII

)J:i):(yiiiiil(bKIIX

3o6pa2KeHi

cenaMII,

3

HAH

icTopi!O

COl(iaJibHO-eKOHOMiqHe

MY

IIpO

Op<j:>eHIOKa

CTe<j:>aHIIKa

Ta

po3IIOpJI):(2KeHHi

pa30M

B.

,IJ:oB6yiiia

y

3):(e6iJihiiiOrO

iM.

Y JIKi

OneKcii

Teiiep

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

6yJIII

HaCTYIIY

KpiiiOCHIIKiB

BIIKOpiiCTOByBaJIII CKaprii

i

CIIOpii

CeJIJIHII

IIepe):(yCiM

CeJIJIHChKIIX

faJIIfqlfHII,

JieraJihHi

30Kpe-

<j:>opMII

rOCIIO):(apCTB

Ha

IIpO-

OCHOBi


ImocmpoeaHa 3aKoHiB, i

5

icmopi5l

BII.[(amrx aBcTpiH:cbKIIM

BepeCHJI

1784

ITOMilfiiiKiB YKpalHII pi3HIIX

B

M.

cin

i

JlbBOBi

MicT

piirnKaMII

aBcTpiH:cbKIIX

KHIIr o6cJirOM

rrpOTII

OITpiilliKiB

nyKOBIIHi MiJK

y

pi3HIIMII

6e3rreKII

p.,

CbKOrO

i

Ha

BifBqeHHJI

ITOJIIfqOl

rrpo

TeKTypii

HaBiTh

rrpo

IIYJihlfiiiHi MOJKHa

B

.[(i3HaTIICJI

3

36eperJiaCJI

He3HaqHa

EyKoBIIHChKOl

JKapxiBi

3HaXO.[(IITbCJI

rrpoBO.IJ:OM <l>paHKO y

JlyK'JIHa

O.[(IIH

y

BIICTYITII

rreprni

lX

KiJihKiCTb

qifMaJIO

Ko6IIJIIIIii

i3 rreplliiiX

KaHiieJIJipiopraHaMII Ta

CTpiiH:-

raJIIIIibKOrO

Bi.IJ:

18

6epe3HJI

BJKIIBaJIII

raJIIIIibKa

rrpii.IJ:yrneHHJI

ryiiyJiiB

I] p 0

JKIIBOITIIC

OITIICII

y

.[(OKyMeHTiB B

40-x

3MaJIIOBaB

rrpOTII

poKax IIi

MIITpOBMiiifeHO

KHIIr H:

XIX

6ypeMHi

OCHOBHIIX .[(OKyMeHTiB,

Ha

fy-

apxiTeKTYPY Bi3IITa-

MaHHa. lifO

BIICBiTJIIOIOTb

qepHiBeiihKOMY rrpo

apxi-

MiCiieBoro

IfepKOBHIIMII

.[(OKyMeHTiB, TaK,

TyT

pyxy.

CBJIIIfe-

.[(epeB'JIHOl

icHyBaHHJI

lliKOJIII, JIK

<j:>OH.[(i

JlbBOBi. OCBiTII,

3eMJieBOJIO.[(iHHJI,

fYiiYJihlfiiiHII.

CBO€MY p03ITOpli.[(JKeHHi

lX

y

HapO.[(HOl

Ha

ITi.[(p03.[(iJiaMII,

3BiT

BeJIIIKOMY 20 1-My

.[(JKepeJia,

IfepKOB,

icTopiro

lifO

i

BeJIO-

CeJIJIHCbKO- OITpiilliKiB-

ocTaToqHoro

yrrpaBJiiHHJI. cT.,

TaKoro

rYIIYJihChKIIX

liKe

EyKoBIIHChKOl

KOHCIICTOpil

OKpeMi

.[(epJKaBHOrO

faJIIfqiiHi

pyxy

iMrrepaTopoBi

orr-

pyKo-

6e3ITeKII

Ma€TKiB .IJ:YXOBeHCTBa, .[(iJIJihHiCTb

p03BIITOK

XVII-XVIII

y

OKpeMIIMII

ITi.[(HeCeHHJI

Ha.IJ: ciM

,3aXO.[(II

iMrrepaTOpCbKOIO

3aXO.[(II,

rpeKO-KaTOJIIIIibKOl Bi.[(OMOCTi

.IJ:YXOBeHCTBa,

rrpo

3HaXO.[(JITbCJI

BaJKJIIIBi

BIIJIBIIB

a.[(MiHiCTpaTIIBHIIH

KaHiieJIJipiJI .[(JIJI

fYIIYJihlfiiiHi

aBTop

CTpiJihiiiB

ITIICaHi

XpOHOJIOriiO,

po3rrpaBy

orrpiirnKiBChKoro

aBcTpiH:cbKOMY

3

.[(JKepeJia,

MiCTIITbCJI JIIICTyBaHHJI,

KonoMIIHChKOl, €

cT.,

3arOJIOBKOM

KOMaH.[(aMII,

CKapr

( OCKiJihKII

BCTaHOBIITII

p.

ripCbKIIX

HIIX

fYIIYJihlfiiiHi

rrpo

ITi.[(

Ha.[(BipHOIO

Bi.[(OMOCTi

Ha.IJ:BipHa

)l:eJIKi .[(aHi

TOpaMII

i

IIiHHIIM

ITO.[(aHO Ha

19 58

rrpii.IJ:yrneHHJI

)l:yJKe

pyxy

ry6epHiJI

Y

BiHCbKOBIIMII

Ta<j:><j:>e

.[(e

Y

apKyrni

pp.)".

CTaHicnaBChKOl,

OKpyr.

HIIKiB

1372

p03MiiifeHHJI

mo.IJ:o

ry6epHaTopa 1824

BJiacTeH:.

Ha

cT.

xap aKTep

XIX

1781

IJ,):J)A

Y

TaKIIX

OITpiilliKiBCTBa

MOJKJIIIBiCTb rroqaTKY

ry6epHaTOpOM

Bi.IJ:Hi

ChKOl

i

(1811-1851

raJIIIIibKIIM €IO

.[(aiOTb

XVIII

KiHiiJI

BepecHJI

CKapJKIITIICJI

KiJihKiCTb

XVIII-XIX

TeH.[(eHIIiHHIIH

1

rrpaBO

a.[(MiHiCTpaiiil.

BeJIIIKa

rYIIYJihCbKOrO

CBiH

KJiaCaMII),

pyxy

ITIICHIIX

Ha

MaJIII

.[(BipCbKOl

KiHiiJI

II

HociirroM

CeJIJIHII

36eperJiaCJI

faniiqiiHII

27

3

IIicapeM

JIKIIM

BifBqeHHJI

He 3BaJKaiOqlf

po3Max

3a

ToM

rrpe.[(CTaBHIIKiB

.[(JIJI

rraHiBHIIMII

CJI

p.,

a6o

l]iHHIIMII III 0,

IlpuKapnammR.

CeJIJIHChKIIH cT. ITO.[(il,

J!K

o6n.[(eppyx

Bi.IJ:OMO,

aJie

OCKiJihKII

BiH

He

BOHII

ITi.[( lEaH MaB 6yJIII


28

BoJtoiJuMup

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

3aceKpeqeHi BqeHIIH Hal(il, l(iJO

IIIICaB

He

y

CBOlH

IIi)]IIepTi

p03IIOBi)Jj

IIeBHIIMII

HOBIIX )]OKyMeHTiB,

TY

HeiieBHiCTb".

JI.

Ko6IIJIIIU:i

BMill(eHi

Ha

EyKoBIIHi

B

KyMeHTII, Ha

JIKi

qaCTIIHa MIIKOBi B

24-My

i

TY

BaHO

B

,6o)]aH

Y

y

rrpo

HhOMY

BifBqlfTII

po3rJIJIHYTII

25-My rrpo

3ra)]aHIIX

TOMaX

pi3HIIX

cin,

MicT

i

CeJIJIH,

TaK,

3eMChKIIX

30KpeMa

B

3

rrpo

iCTOpil

rrepiiiOMY

TIIHChKoro

KoJIOMIIHCbKOrO rrpo

KaTeropil

CeJiaX.

Y

1901)

BMill(eHO

BiHHII

yKpalHCbKOrO rrpo

M02KHa

qac HO

lX

Bi)]oMocTi 3Haxo)]IIMO BII)]aHHJIX Y

30-x

)]iJIJih-

rrpo

TaK02K

H

rocrro)]apcTB

BCi

XV

rrepio)]y

cT.

M02KHa

B

)]eJIKIIX

(JlnBiB,

1898,

3ra)]yBaHi

TYT

rrepiii o1 Ha

XVIII-XIX

0.

rroqaTKY

BMill(eHi

y

J!6JIOHOBHaCeJieHIIX

XVI

cT.

rrpau;i

II.

fyl(yJihll(IIHII,

IIpiiHaJie2KHiCTh,

ll,iHHi )]:oM-

BKa3aHO 3a3Haqe-

3eMJieBJiaCHIIKiB-<j:>eo)]aJiiB.

ypJI)]OBIIX

XX

CTaCHJI-

HapO)]HO-BII3BOJibHOl

30KpeMa

CeJia

<j:>eo)]aJibHY

o<j:>iu;iilHIIX

KiJihKiCTh )]OKyMeHTiB

iCTOpil

pp.

ryl(yJihChKIIX

Ha

cT.

MiCTa

fyu;ynhll(IIHY B

)]0

CeJIJIH

eTHOrpa<j:>a

HaJIBHiCTb

cepe)]HiX

XVII I -

poKax

iCTOpiiKa rrpo

BII3HaqeHO i

pp.,

pyx.

orry6JiiKO-

rrpaBOBe

BII)]aHHJI

iCTOpil

crrna-

JIJOCTpau;iH:

1563-1564

l(hOrO

1648-1654

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

rrepeJiiqeHi

BeJIIIKIIX

KiHU:JI

HIIX

3

IIOBIIHHOCTi

)]0

BMill(eHO cT.,

,:IKepeJI

cT.

3a

ceH:-

fyl(yJihll(IIHII.

IIOJibChKOrO

icTopiJO

TOMaX

)]2KepeJia

)]OBi)]aTIICJI

BIIHIIKHeHHJI,

rrpi3BIIII(a

4-6-My

Hapo)]y

y

CTapOCTe

<j:>eo)]aJihHi

TepiiTOpilO

KiJihKiCTh

)]e

i

Ba2KJIIIBi

rry6JiiKal(iH

Bi)]oMocTi rrpo

pyx )]Opyx

OIIpiiiiiKiBChKIIH

TOMi

XVI

-

TyT

fyl(yJihll(IIHII

rrepio)]y

6KOBCbKOrO,

74

orry6JiiKOBaHa

aKTiB.

COl(iaJibHO-eKOHOMiqHe

ceJIJIH

i

ceJIJIHChKIIH

XVI-XVIII

Bi)]o6pa2KeHO

rryHKTiB

IIpOBO)]OM

6yna

HaH:paHiiiioro

3

p03Bil0Tb

IIi)]

(3)]e6iJihiiiOrO

CeHMII)

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

IIOBi)]OMJieHHJI

BII)]aHHJIX.

Ha

YKpalHII-Pycii"

CbKOrO

qacTi

aHTII<j:>eo)]aJibHY

HOBIIII(e

)]OKyMeHTII

KOM6i-

rry6JiiKa-

aHTIIKpiiiOCHIIl(bKIIH

apxiBOCXOBIIII(

rpO)]ChKIIX

po3BIITOK

3aBopyiiieHHJI

ryl(yJihChKIIX

,ce Ha

orry6niKoBaHo

BeJIIIKY

iHCTpyKl(il IIOCJiaM

<j:>parMeHTII,

)]OBi)]aTIICJI

BCe

CeJIJIH

)]OKyMeHTiB

cT.

M02KJIIIBiCTb

)]OKyMeHTiB

IIO)]aTKiB, }J:eJIKi

XIX

ll(O

CIIO)]iBaBCJI

IIOBCTaHHJI

36ipHIIKY

BCe6iqHo

i

Ko6IIJIIII(i.

IIOCTaHOBII,

Bi)]oMocTi

y

Ko6IIJIIII(l0,

H:oro iJYMKY,

rrpo

poKax

)]aJOTb

JlyK'JIHa

Ha

Bi)]OMOCTi

40-x

nyKOBIIHi

HiCTh

JIKi

rrpo

CBi)]Ol(TBaMII",

aBcTpiH:cnKoro rry6niKal(iJix

rronoBIIHII

KociBIIIIIHi cT.

BoHII

X IX 6yna

i

rraHyBaHHJI rrepio)]IIqHIIX

cT. BIIJIBJieHa

rriicaHi naTIIHChKOJO,

3HaqHa rronh-


ImocmpoeaHa CbKOIO,

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

HiMel(bKOIO

MOBaMII.

ToM

nyJIII

29

3

TaKOJK

3HaH):(eHi

KOIIil

<l>paHl(IIC-

KaHCbKOl MeTpiiKII, Ka):(aCTpOBi KHIIrii, B JIKIIX OIIIICaHi 3eMJieBOJIO):(iHcerrJIH

HJI

:1Ka6'€,

EIIcTpiiu;i,

!J:OKyMeHTiB, ):(aToBaHIIX KiHu;eM yKpalHChKIIH HIIH

):(iJiq

IIIICbMeHHIIK,

Ociirr

!J:OKyMeHTiB

3

EyKoBIIHi,

B

JIKIIX

MOJKHa

yKpalHCbKOIO

3HaqHa

Y

1974

1772

rro

y p.

6yJIII

i

JKeHHJI

rrepiiia

p.

TyT

aHTII<j:>eo):(aJibHOl

piiiiiKiBCbKOrO

3

pyxy

):(JIJI

rrrii60KOrO

KiJihKa

Po3TOKII

Ha

rrpaBOBIIMII

CKaprii TO):(i IIIICa-

Ha

OIIpiiiiiKiBCbKOrO

):(OKyMeHTII

HayKoBa

3

iCTOpil

rry6rriKau;iJI

faJIIfqlfHII

rrpo

pli!J: !J:OKyMeHTiB

CeJIJIH

3

6opoTn6y

iHIIIi

Ha):(pyKOBaHi

IIIICbMeHHIIKaMII,

Bi):(o6pa-

30KpeMa

OII-

rrorpaHifqqi.

qacTIIHa 3 HIIX 3aJIIIB

TOroqacHIIX

rrepio-

BqeHIIMII Ta MaH):(piBHIIKaMII,

JKIITTJI )l,eJIKi

II(O!J:O

fyu;yJihll(IIHII,

IIOKYTCbK0-6yKOBIIHChKOMY

B KaprraTax.

pyxy

BII):(aHHJIX.

B rrepio):( po3rra):(y <j:>eo):(arri3MY Ta peBo-

6opOTb6II

BifBqeHHJI

rro):(opoJKyBarrii

i

rrepiO):(IfqHifX

3HaXO!J:IIMO

Heorry6rriKOBaHOIO,

):(IfqHifX BII):(aHHJIX

cerro

cirrhChKIIMII

MeMyapii !J:OIIOBHIOIOTh o<j:>iu;iH:Hi !J:OKyMeHTII. IIIIIrracJI

BiJJ:OMIIH

orry6rriKyBaB

rrpo

BIICBiTJieHHJI

orry6rriKOBaHi

pp.

1848-1849

cT.

cT.

pli!J:

rpoMa):(CbKO-KYJihTyp-

KOHTpaKTII

OKpeMIIX

cerrJIHCTBa Cxi):(HOl farriiqiiHII JIIOU:il

XIX

03HaH:oMIITIICJI II(O

BIIJIBJieHo

rroqaTKOM XIX cT.

XVIII

MaTepiarriB

36ipHIIKaX

1848

KyTax

rry6rril(IICT,

rroqaTKY

IliKaBO,

B

MOBOIO.

KiJihKiCTb

3HaXO):(IITbCJI

Ha

rrorroBIIHII

Bi):(HOCIIHaMII B 1770 p. JIIICJI

XVIII -

KpiiTIIK,

MaKoBeH:

JJ:pyro1

)],3eM6poHi.

rro6yTy

ryu;yrriB

iCTOpiiqHi

JIKi

rrocerrJIJIIICJI

Bi):(OMOCTi

rrpo

a6o

fyu;yrrh-

II(IIHY 3HaXO):(JITbCJI B OIIIICi IIO):(OpOJKi yKpalHCbKOrO BqeHoro I.

Barii-

JieBIIqa (30-Ti poKII XIX cT.), icTopiiKa B. IrrhHIIU:hKoro Ta iH.

Cepe):(

U:IIX MeMyapiB € ChKIIH pyx i

qifMarro u;iKaBoro

OrreKcy )l,oB6yiiia.

MeMyapiiCTOM

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII

BaJKJIIIBIIX TBOpiB: ro

K03al(TBa

u;iHHoro rrepiiio1 5J:K

Ha

IIOKYTTi

rrorroBIIHII 3

IleTpo

MeMyapHOl 3aiiiiCKII

):(JKeperra

BII):(HO

6yB

MaTepiarry rrpo

B

BIIBqeHHJI X IX

1771

p.

icTopil

CTyrrHIIU:hKIIH rrpo

HacerreHHJIM. Ha

KiJihKOX

aBTop

):(BOX

,IlaM'JITHIIKa" fyu;yrrhll(IIHII

(xpoHiKII)

KiHU:JI

XVIII

cT.

XpOHiKII,

K03al(bKIIH

Ha IIOKYTTi, JIKi

MeMyapHa CTOpiHKaX

orrpiiiiiKiB-

rrepe6yBaHHJI 3arropi3hKO-

3ariH

IlaBJIIOKa rrepe6yBaB y Ca):(ropi Ha EyKoBIIHi, ChKIIX KOH<j:>e):(epaTiB

ryu;yrriB,

Crri):( 3a3HaqiiTII, mo HaHBII3HaqHiiiiiiM

xpoHiKa

IIpOBO):(OM

COTHIIKa

a rroTiM rpoMIIB

rrorrh-

3Hyll(aJIIICJI Ha):( IIpiirH06JieHIIM

HarriicaHa

MeTpiiKaJibHOl

IIi):(

KHIIrii

po36iprriiBIIM

rroqepKoM

npycTypCbKOl

rrapa<j:>il.


BoJtoiJuMup

30

Y

1957

pattoHy Ha

p.

Ha

y

c.

3a6orroTiB

u;epKOBHOMY

HaKJie€HO

rriTyprioHi

rrarrip,

):(e

Ha3BaHo:

,IlaM'JITHIIK, EpycTypax".

o6'€KTIIBHO HII

3

1671

IIIICbMOBa

3ra):(Ka

IIpiiKiHl(i KiB

1849

XVIII

-

EottqyKa,

qifHY

(6paHKy),

IIOBip 'JI

i

!J:OIIIU:i

po3MipoM

llett

CBO€pi):(HIIH

XpOHiKa. I€pe€M

rrpo

rroqaTKII

ryu;yrriB,

Ha

rroqaTKY

MapycJIKa,

lliTOJIIOKa

BO€HHO-IIOJiiTifqHi

BCiJIJIKi

<j:> aKTII,

JIKi

IIO):(il

B aJKKO

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

Ta

iHIIIIIX,

i

faJIIfqlf-

3HaHTII

B

rrepiiia

pyxy

Hapo):(HIIX TJIJKKY

JIIIXa,

rra-

rropJI!J:KY

npycTypiB,

rrpo

CTIIXiHHi

cM

JiiTOIIIIC

OIIpiiiiiKiBCbKOrO

):(iJIJihHiCTh

IIO):(il,

65x34

CTyrrHIIU:hKIIM,

3aCHyBaHHJI

cT.,

IIaM'JITKy.

xpoHorroriqHoMy

p03BIITOK XIX

IIIICbMOBY

IleTpoM B

HaHBaJKJIIIBiiiii

rrpo

-

):(epeB'JIHitt

,IlaM'JITHIIKy"

pp.,

CHJITIIHChKoro)

l(iKaBy

crriicaHIItt

Y

Bi):(o6paJKeHi ITO

Ha

(Terrep

BIIJIBJieHO

IIOMill(eHa

poxoM

B

KorroMIIHChKoro

IBaHo-<l>paHKiBII(IIHi

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

Ha-

BaTaJKpeKpyT-

CTapOBIIHHi

iHIIIIIX ):(OKyMeHTaX

qlf

MeMyapax. IcTopiiqHi Bi):(ett

3aiiiiCII

3p06JieHi

IIO):(iH.

ABTOp

CTaBIIBCJI

Tep,

i

TIIM,

KOMIIJieKC

KJiaCOBOIO

i

He

HiCTIO

JIKi

po6IIJIII

U:YJihll(IIHII

B

3HaqeHHJI

BIIKpiiTTJI

i

i

3

B

CIIp06II

Ha):(yMaHIIMII

3aXIICHIIKiB l(iHHi

<j:>aKTiB.

MaC

xapaK-

rrpo6rreM

rrpo6rreMII

B

IIOMIIJIKOBIIX

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII 3HaqHa

B

yBara

ry-

3aCeJieHHIO

TOMY,

lX

II(O

BaJKJIIIBe

u;ett

BII3HaqaiOTbCJI KOHl(eiil(iH

Ha3B. rrepi-

HayKOBe He06Xi):(-

TIIX

COl(iaJibHO-eKOHOMiqHi

IIC IIXO re orp a<j:>iqHifMII

Becb

COl(iaJibHO-

IIOXO):(JKeHHIO

Taro,

HayKOBOl

po3rJIJIHYTII

Bi):(Be):(eHa

IIOJIJira€

fyu;yJihll(IIHII.

o6IIIIIpHOl

po3BIITKY

aKTyaJihHiCTb

IIOJICHIITII

CBiJKIIX

IIpiiXIIJihHO

TeH):(eHu;ittHIItt

OCHOBi

IIYHKTiB,

KpiM

cT.,

cou;iarrhHO-eKoHoMiqHIIM

KHII3i

):(OCJii):(JKeHHJI

icTopiorpa<j:>il.

ll

Ha

BifBqeHHJIM

HaCeJieHIIX

TeMII,

lX

IIOHeBOJieHIIX Ha

po3rro-

XIX

CJii):(aMII

HeBi):(OMIIX

3a

KYJihTypHoro

CIIpOCTyBaHHJI

Ta

3

iCTOpiiKa-MeMyapiiCTa

Heorry6rriKoBaHIIX,

):(OCJii):(JKyBaHOl

IIOJIBi

):(aHoro

BifBqeHIIH

IIOJiiTifqHe

crrpo6y

a6o

poKiB

fyu;yJihll(IIHOIO,

6araTO

rrpocTeJKIITII

rrepe):(yciM

IIIITaHHIO

AKTyaJihHiCTb

KaiiiTaJii3My.

KpaiO,

3

He3BaJKaiOqii

6opOTb60IO

rrorriTIIqHoro

orriiciB

rrepiiiiiX

CIIOCTepeJKeHb,

TBOpii

HIIX

IIOB'JI3aHIIX

<j:>eo):(aJii3MY

U:YJihCbKOrO

B

3p06IIJIII

):(JKeperr,

eKOHOMiqHoro,

KiB,

MII

IIIITaHb,

BIICXi):(HOMY

II(O

3

3

,MHp51H

o6cJiroM

!J:OKyMeHTII,

MOHOrpa<j:>il

rriTepaTypii

BJiaCHIIX

O):(HOCeJibqaH 3a

qeprraB

IloqiiHaiOqii

IIOB'JI3aHIIH

MO:IKJUIBICTh

CTaHOBIIII(eM

):(06y

OCHOBi

CBOlX

Ha):(aHi

):(aiOTh

Y

CTyrrHIIU:hKIItt

TiCHO

HeBeJIIIKi

):(OCJii):(HIIKiB

OT.IKe,

0):(

Ha

6yB

):(0

orrpiiiiiKiB. ):(JIJI

II.

3BiCTKII

cTapoJKIIJiiB-O):(HocerrhqaH.

<j:> aKTO paM II,

iCTOpii-

YMOBII

fy-

HaMar aiO-


BoJtoiJuMup

32 qifCb

IIITyqHQ

p0,[(2KeHIIH ChOrO,[(Hi

IIpiiii(eiiiiTII

,[(eJIKi

3apy6i2KHi

Crro,[(iBa€MOCJI, qeHHi

ryu;yrraM

KOHCepBaTII3M".

icTopil

mo

U:JI

)l,o

,cepe,[(HhOBiqHy

IIO,[(i6HIIX

Fpa 6oeeu, bJW i1

TeMHOTy",

<j:>aJibCII<j:>iKal(iH

,IIpii-

B,[(aiOTbCJI

i

iCTOpiiKII. rrpau;JI

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII

3arroBHIITh

XIII -XIX

MoHocpai}JiR

npo

rreBHi

cT.

<YU,YilbCbJW

Ymoponu

cello

rrporarriiHII

y

BIIB-


Po3.21.iJI II

ICTOPII

fYUYJibiUMHM

1. 3aceJieHHSI TepuTopii po

2KIITTJI

JIIO,I(IIHII

Ha

rrepBiCH006II(IIHHOrO BIIJIBJieHi JIJO,I(ett

B

u;ett

JIIIIIIa€TbCJI

XTO

MaJIO

3HaXi,I(KII

6yJIII

l(i JIIO,I(II,

fyl(yJihll(IIHII ,I(aHIIX.

CBi,I(qaTb JIK

BOHII

B

Jliiiiie

rrepiO,I(

BIIIIa,I(KOBO

rrpo

icHyBaHHJI

2KIIJIII

-

IIOKII

II(O

Ta€MHIII(e!O.

YKpai:HChKIIMII ,I(OCJii,I(2KeHO

pi3Hi

Ha

Ta

apxeonoraMII CTOJIHKII,

100

IIpii6JIII3HO BIIJIBJieHi qeHi2KIIHi

apxeoJioriqHi

rrepiO,I(.

TepiiTOpil

Jia,I(y

TIIC.

poKiB

TepiiTopil

iHIIIIIX

orry6niKoBaHo

rroqiiHaJOqlf

rrpau;h,

cepe,I(HhOrO

B

JIKIIX

IIaJieOJiiTy

TOMY.

HIIHiiiiHhOl

CeJiaX)

qifMano

3 ,I(06II

KaM'JIHi

fyu;ynhll(IIHII COKIIpii,

(B

Hi2K,

KocoBi,

JI,I(pO

rrpo

JIIO,I(CbKe

JIKe,

oqeBII,I(HO,

cyBano

TYT

HeoJiiTy ,I(O

Hap.

me

2KIITTJI, rrynhB

,I(o6y

(YI-IY

TIIC.

XpiicTa).

3HaqHo l(IIX

IIe-

CBi,I(qaTb

6iJihiiie

MiCl(JIX

B

3Hatl,I(eHO

3HapJI,I(h rrpau;i 3 6poH30Bo1 erroxii

(KiHel(h II I

rroqaToK

Apxeo;wcizmi Heo;limy

-

3Haxi()Ku,

3Hap5l(}(}Jl

HOBOf KaMJZHOf

IIelfeHiJtCuHi

KO!leKl{if

npm;i

cmapoJtCu!la

nepio()y

BUJlB/IeHi

(6-4 muc5llfOilimmfl

Hapo(}JtCeHHJl

3

()o6u,

B

()o

Xpucma). Bacu/151

I

Hap.

XpiicTa),

Ma,

3

IIJIOCKi

,I(06II COKIIpii,

HO)Ki,

pii6aJibChKi iHIIIi

Ta

l(iKaBi

Eepe3oBi

,I(O

30KpeMi,I(i

peqi.

XapaKTepHo,

TuMiHCbKOi!O

TIIC.

mo

B

HII2KHhOMY


34

Bo;zoiJuMup

Fpa6oeeu,bKUU HaBiTI,

YToporrax rrrH6oKHX ChKoro

rreqepax

cerra TeKyqa, Ha

IIpHCiiTKY

XX

fHHITHl(JI

XIX

KiHu;i

cT.

qac

6yrro

pHMChKi

qaciB

IIIHHi

B

C.

CTOpOHCl(b

iJo6u,

3Hap5liJiJ5l

BU5lBJteHi

,3aeepx", 3ara,IJ:KOIO KyTiB, IIIO

,Il;C

I.

3HaBCl(b MOIIIa

CBOlX

HaCCITCHHJI 5J:KOIO

6yrra

,Il;OITJI mo

TOIIOHiMiqHi

Ha3BH

CTapo,IJ:aBHi

OXOIIITIOBaiTH 3Ba

Micu;Jix

(Ha

rrpo

qac

TaK

KaprraTChKi

Ta

6irrJI

0Bi,IJ:iH.

mo

0Bi,IJ:iil

TaTpiB

pHMChKi

Kpa€-

!l:O

qepe-

iMrrepaTOpH

rrepexi,IJ: IIHCaB

3BaHoro ropH,

qepe3

51.

KaprraTH

fOITOBal(bKHH

BCITHKOrO

HaiiieCTBiJI CITi,IJ:iB

pi3II(C

B

rrepecerreHHJI roTiB,

BOHH

reHi!l:iB,

3aiTHIIIHITH

y

3CMCITb

iHIIIi

B

3

JIKi

6yrrH

TCpHTOpil

KypraHH.

KorroMHHII(HHi

icHyBaHHJI

CITOB'JIHChKHX

IlpHKaprraTTJI,

,IJ:aBHiX-,IJ:aBCH

-

rrpo

l(C

30KpeMa CBi,IJ:qaTb

IIpHKMCTH.

apxeorroraM

KypraHH,

rrepio,IJ:

Ee3rrepeqHo,

3aCCITJIITH

cT.

-

CKiiThKH

fyu;yrrhll(HHH

qacTHHY

KaprraTChKi

,IJ:aHi

HeBi,IJ:oMo.

XIX

fopa

faiTHl(bKHH

Bill:

KY!l:H

O,Il;HHHI(b

IIOCT

,IJ:OKa3yiOqH,

TepHTopiJI

p.

rrp OTHBHHKiB.

Hapo,IJ:iB

CITOB'JIHH

HarrpHKiHu;i 3BaHi

B

0Bi!l:i€Ba

KaprraT.

IIOKYTH,

BH3HaqHTH,

3aTpoHyTi

rroKH

qH

icTopHqHi

iHIIIHX

mo

!1:0

1897

MOHCT.

pHMChKHH

3arrepeqyiOTh,

IlyTHITiBy

BHJIBITCHO

pHMChKHX ryu;yrriB

Ha

fyu;yrrh-

100

6ITH3bKO

Bi,IJ:OMHH

,IJ:iHIIIITH

BHrHaHHJI

IIpHITC2Kall(HX

fyu;yrrhll(HHY,

rraM'JITi

rrpHrrycKa€,

HaCKiiThKH 6yrrH

B

pHMITJIHH

,Tpy,IJ:HO

TaK02K

nMum11i"

3acrraHHi

IIOITi THqHHX

TaK02K

aBapiB

rrrreMeH,

y

HeOJlimulfHoi IlelfeHi:JtCuHa

,IJ:ocrri,IJ:HHKH

MiCl(CM

p.,

ryHiB,

6yB

Hi2K

KoqiBHHKiB.

1878

3aMKOM ",

lliHail,IJ:ep

Bi!l:CYTHi

Hapo,IJ:iB

,JiiiJ

,IJ:eJIKi

6yrra

3aCHITaiTH

HHX

ypolfUU{ax

3aiTHIIIa€ThCJI

paHiiiie,

3

B

Hi6HTO

BepciiO

IIOMep

npau,i

MO-

iMrrepil.

EyKoBHHChKiil

ApxeOJzocilfHi

3eM-

po6iT

3HaH,IJ:CHO

B

rroqaTKY

rri,IJ:

ITJIHHX

HCTH

y

rlp-

BoHH -

B,IJ:arrocJI BHJIBITCHi

fyu;yrrhll(HHH, ,IJ:ocrri,IJ:2KeHi

II eqeHi2KHH,

Brrepiiie Ha

Bi!l:KPHTH

IIi,IJ:Hi2K2Ki

3Bi,IJ:KH

i

IIOXO,Il;HTb

apxeorroraMH

Ha

KociBIIIHHi

TaK

KaprraT

B

i

Ha-

6araThOX


1mocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

TiB, Ha Ha.IJ:BipHJIHII(IIHi).

3

KorroK

uj

BCTaHOBJieHO,

11-VI

CeJieHHJI

CT.

BaJIOCh

6inJI

6araTo

rro6yToBIIX

TOK

KJiaJIII

piiMChKi

MOHeTII.

CJI

BIIJIBJieHo

.[(aKiHChKIIMII

rrocy.[(,

rrepio.[(y

KypraHiB

eJieMeHTaMII,

JIK

CTBep.IJ:2KY€

onor

10.

CMiiiiKO,

Typii.

ll,e

-

-

ene-

qepHJIXiBChKOl

KYJih-

HaCeJieHHJI

KYJihTYPII

.[(aKil

-

MeHa. HJI

IIOCTYIIOBO

Ha

ujei:

KIIi:BChKOl

Pyci

p03BIITKY.

J!K

H

i

a

2KaJih,

CBi.[(qaTb iHTepec

me,

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

3aMqiiii(e.

IIYHKTi. .[(OK

Ha

TaK,

Jlic,

[aJin'la

B

fopa,

rrpo

-

Illeiiiopii B

Bi.[(irpaBaJIO

c.

Po2KHiB

B

BOHII

2KIITTJI B

fopo.IJ:,

rrepe6yBaH-

IIiCJIJI y

YTBOpeHHJI CKJia.[(i

.[(aB-

KYJihTypHoro

IIi3Hiiiie

Hea6IIJIKY

faJIIIl(bKO-

pOJib

y

CTBO-

y

Kpa!O

B

faniiq,

C.

B

rrepio.IJ:,

KHJI2KIIH

M oriiJIKII, O.[(HOMY

faniiqa,

B

JIKi,

rrepiO.[(.

IlpiiKaprraTTJI,

qOpHIIH

KepHIIqHIItt,

BeJIIIKIItt

icTopiiqHIItt

BIIJIBJieHO pli.[( Ha3B,

OKOJIIII(JIX

3ra.[(yJOTbCJI

Ha3BII:

fopo.IJ:

a

u:ett

fyl(yJihll(IIHII

ypoqlfll(

TaKi -

Micu;e

JIKi

IIJie-

HapO.[(HOCTi.

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

fopo.IJ:OK,

Ilo.[(eKy.[(II

BCTaHOBJieHo XOpBaTiB,

faJIIIl(bKOrO,

JIKeCb

Ha3BII

3YCTpiqaeMO c.

CKOTapCbK0-3eMJiepo6ChKi

eKOHOMiqHoro

B TOIIOHiMil(i

BIIKJIIIKa!OTh

IlelfeHi:JICUHi

3HaqHoro

BOHO

Ha

noce!leHHJl

II piiKaprr a TTJI

qacTIIHa

.IJ:iJIJIOCJI

TiJihKII

KypcaHiB 3

CKJia.[(y.

.[(aBHbOpyChKOl

6e3IIepeqHo,

TaKO)K

11

.[(OCJirJIO

KHJI3iBCTBa,

mo

6yJIII

6iJIIIX .IJ:O

em.)

B

apxeonoraMII

yBittiiiJIII

p03BIITKY

HeBi.[(OMO.

KYJihTYPII

CKJia.[(OBa

BoJIIIHChKOrO peHHi

(11-Y1

aCII-

IIJieMeH

HbOpyChKOl .[(ep2KaBII

KepaMiKU

KapnamcbKUX

CJIOB'JI-

IlpiiKaprraTTi

CJIOB' JIHChKIIX

Jpa3KU

Kypra-

CXi.[(HIIMII

HociJIMII

II(O

TepiiTOpii:

KaprraTChKIIX

MiJIJOBaJIOCJI HaMII.

a

apxe-

IIOJICHIO€TbCJI TIIM,

rrepBiCHe

HiB

Kap-

Bi.[(3HaqaJOTb-

rri3HhOro, M.

B

36poJO,

paHHhoro

MeHTaMII

Kic-

rrpau;i.

crraJIJOBaJIII

MoriiJIY

Peqi

IIO-

peqett,

3HapJI.[(b

He6i2KqiiKiB

po3-

p03TaiiiOBy-

piqoK.

TBapiiH,

rraTChKIIX

II(O

35

3

ToM

c.

HaCeJieHOMY

IloTiK

-

fopo-

MocKaJiiBKa

IIacMo

a

Ta6opii-

fip.

-

Iloxo-


36

BoJtoiJuMup

,[(2KeHHJI

l(IIX

BifBqeHO Ha3BII

Hi

ypoqlfll(

rrepiiiiiMII 3

3iBCTBa.

l(JI

Xoq

IcHy€ IIeBHOl CbKOl

Pyci cT.).

(B

a

ll,e

3

faniiqa,

Ha3BOIO

CTOJIIIl(i

3

IIO-pi3HOMY

Ha

Bi):(

Haiiiy

TOIIOHiMiqHifX

CT.)

TaKi

(Ha):(

qopHIIX

p.

Ta

Ha3B

JIK

IlpyT),

KHJI2Ka

OcnaBax),

c.

JielfeHiJJCUHCbKe XyiJoJJCHUK

I.

HarrpiiKJia):(, 3

fip,

rrepBiCHIIMII

faniiq,

faniiqa

IIOX0,[(2KeHHJI

Hatt6iJihiii

ypoqlfll(

-

fopa

(Ha):(

(6inJI

Jlic

(y

no6oflu,e. .aepKalf

Ha3BII

c.

II(O

CiJih.

fyl(yJihll(IIHII,

Hapo):(y

KHJI2Ke

KHJI-

rrpaB,[(OIIO):(i6HO,

,raJibC

l(hOrO

KHJI2KIItt

-

faJIIIl(bKO-BOJIIIHChKOrO

faJIIIl(hKO-BOJIIIHChKOro

Ha3BII,

He II(O

<j:>opTel(JIMII.

II acMo

CJIOBa

2KIITTJI

,[(OCi

ropO):(IIII(aMII

MoriiJIKa,

i

II(e

Bipori,[(HO,

Bi):(OMIIMII

IIOJICHIOIOTb

!J:YMKY,

rpel(bKOrO

):(HiB,

lJ,iJIKOM

Ta6opiime

3aMKaMII

ypoqiiii(

xapaKTepii3YIOTb

(IX-XI

KHJI2K):(Bip

IloJIJIHa

3

-

O,[(HaK,

6araTO

IIOB'JI3aHi

3aMqiime Ha3Ba

HaiiiiiX

yKpirrneHHJIMII, 3axopoHeHh,

IIOXO,[(IITb

Mipii

,[(0

JiiHrBiCTaMII.

fopO):(

,[(OCJii):(HIIKII

faJIIIqa,

Ha3Ba

XIII

mo

Hi

rrepio):(OM

rreperyKyJOTbCJI

MiCTa

36eperJIIICJI

fopO):(OK,

JIJO):(ett,

ll,iKaBo, fopa

JIKi

cnoB'JIHChKIIMII

apxeonoriqHIIM

oceJIJIMII

c.

Ha3B,

apxeoJioraMII,

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

B

JIKi

rrepiO):(

KHJI3iBCTBa p.

,[(0

KIIlB(XII-

qepeMoiiieM),

JIJOqKII),

Eepe3oBi

KHJI2Ka

BII2KHhOMy),


ImocmpoeaHa EoJipCbKe ChKIItt

icmopi5l

IIacoBIIII(e

IloTiK

(B

3BIIqattHO, )J:OM,

IJeqeHi2KIIHa. Hara)J:yBarra

B

B

p.

B

qacTIIHi

IIo6ottoBIIChKO, M02KJIIIBO, Ha3Ba

p.

IQqii

KOp)J:OHII

,TyT

KiHqa€TbCJI ,KHJI2KIItt

TpiqaiOThCJI

tt

Mo2KJIIIBO, KaprraTaX He

a6o

KHJI3iB,

a

Bill:

KHJI2K)J:BOpi,

Hi qlf

i

JIK

B

HOCTi

OCHOBi

KOBIIX

)J:iHIIIJIII

BifBqeHHJI

pe€CTpiB,

11cerreHHJI 3

rrepiO!l:Y

IIIIIIIII

ll

Ta

iHIIIIIX

6o)J:att

IIOXO)J:IITII

KorroMIIHII(IIHi).

1M

rroKa3aJIII

3a3HaqeHO

ropy

2K

)J:iJI".

HarrpiiKJiall:,

He

PychKIItt

3yc11:irr.

3eMrri

B

KHJI3iB.

rroxo)J:JITh

faJIIIl(bKOl

,)J,irr"

faJIIIllhKOl

rrpo<j:>ecopa

KHJI2Ke

CKa3aJIII: 3HaqeHHJI

ypoqiiii(

6oJip,

Ta

KoporriBChKIItt

)J:OKyMeHTi,

KOP!l:OHII

BOJIO)J:iHh,

IJpyTOM

B

o6cTe2Ky-

IJeqeHi2KIIHa

BeJIIIKIIH

Ha3BII

cerrax,

ocerri

Ha

l(iKaBe

I.

II.

Bill:

)J:ep2KaBII.

3HaH)J:eHO

Kpiirr'JI-

BorrocbKIIX A)J:2Ke

CJii)J:iB

11:0

fyl(yJihll(IIHi,

Matt2Ke

rrpo6rreMII

He

IIOJIJira€

Hi

B

BOJIOCbKOl

JIK

BOHII

)J:OCJii)J:2KeHe rrepe)J:yCiM

B

3aCeJIJI-

IIIITaHHJI. o6Me2Ke-

HaC. )J:2KepeJibHOrO

OIIIICiB,

)J:OKyMeHTiB

aBC Tpitt CbKIIX

M02KHa

cKrracTII

XIY -XYII I

ocerri

JiiTOIIIICY

MaTepiarry, 3

IIO)J:aT-

IIpiiBaTHIIX

llliPKYJIJipiB, )J:eJIKe

Mar-

CY!l:OBIIX

yJIBJieHHJI

rrpo

cT.

faJIIIl(bKO-BOJIIIHChKOrO

iiil(bKO-BOJIIIHChKOrO

M02Ke

a6o

6IITBOIO,

rrpaBa.

)J:aHIIX

O)J:Hi€1 Ha3BII

3

Bill:

BIIJIBJieHoro

B

Ha

IJeqeHi2KIIHa

IJo6ottll(yK,

rroB'JI3aHa qoro

JIKoro

rpo)J:ChKitt

YPJI!l:OBlli,

)J:aBHbOl,

a pxiBiB,

fYliYJihll(IIHII

(Bill:

TBep)J:2KeHHJIM

iHBeHTapiiX

H a TCbKO- IIIJIJIXeTChKIIX rrpoToKorriB

-

l(i€1

KOp)J:OHiB

Ha3BOIO

OKOJIIIIJ;i

Ha3Ba

IIpOlXaJIII

cTapoBIIHHi

rrepiiii

CTOJiiTh

rrepio-

p.,

KHJI2Kil:Bip,

BIIHIIKJIII

IIi)J:

rroqiiHa€TbCJI

KHJI2KOMY Ha)J:

JIKi

11:e JIK

3eMeJibHIIX

KHJI3iB

KHJI2KIIM

rrpiiKJia)J:y,

raJIIIllhKi

po3KpiiTe.

i3

EoJip-

faJIIIllhKitt

HarreBHO,

mo

6araThOX

cirr

BifBqeHHJI

)J:2Keperr,

Ha

y

BOJIOCbKOrO

IIpOTJirOM

CKJia)J:HiCTb

He

rroro)J:IITIICJI

He

a

y

o6cTe2KeHb

1646

B

Ha3IIBaJIIICJI

Ha3BII

KOJIOHi3al(il KoJIII

lliToK"

rroBiTy),

ypoqiima,

0)J:HaK

IIOTiK

3

)J:JIJI

2KO)J:Horo

IJeqeHi2KIIH

Ili)J:)J:aHi,

KOp)J:OHII

M02KHa mo

c.

cBill:qaTh,

IIITOK,

11:0ci

TaK

KeBIIqa,

JIIICJI

TOll

IIOB'JI3aHi

B3JITII,

rreqeHiraMII

Eepe3oBa,

lliTOK.

JIKi

Ha3Ba,

3

caMoro

IloToKy 11:0

KHJI2KIIH)

aKTiB

li,JI

IJeqeHi2KIIHa

(a6o

Ha3BII

i3

3ra)J:y€TbCJI

KHJI3iB

i

Ha3B,

rrepio11:.

O)J:HOMY

ll:OKyMeHTII

Ha)J:BipHJIHChKoro

3Hatt)J:eHo

Ilo6o1me.

IJeqeHirii

3orroToro

He

37

3

iH.

cTapo2KIIJiiB.

KHJI2KIItt

Cerra

ToM

3erreHa Ta

IIO)J:i6HIIX

KIIlBChKIIX

lcTopiiqHi

c.

crrora11:ax

rrpo

1646

3a

(B

)J,opa)

Cnoro)J:Hi

6

3aXi)J:Hitt

C.

6araTO

cTeprriicJI

KHII3i

IlpuKapnammR.

KHJI3iBCTBa

fyl(yJihll(IIHII.

Xoq

HaM

He

B)J:aJIOCJI

HeBi)J:OMIIH

HattBa2KJIIIBiiiioro

)J:2Keperra

aBTOp icTo-


38

BoJtoiJuMup

(H•:l:•.

UU\ t.. !;•r I. 1 t<Uitl. 1, :1:t• , ~' '' t.,'\1\llh , llt•f'1ll !ll:•woa lk'IU$:t1llt ;l;,t!JIW"tltlrt t:tt • ~ut"tflt1C IJh,\ 1 f.lU·

IITl·

pil

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

n:noro

IIepio):(y

i"TP.liiiiiJ. I hm·tt- I lo

rv.111 t: h lnt~n~:

'"'t.itlil llo u:um, n lt

"fll'*'f'IITt', lll'lll.lllfl

f"J•!U;IIli' ;

T11, , 1U

.. ,\H

l· t;Jult'. t•ttt',

upiti.\1:\T"II . 111. ,\nlll

ltoltlt•f~htitf•

I tl ,1r.

11• •11•'

t ,.,,,..

1 Jq•ltllr••tfltl:u lo

ttfl)'lllrU

I•" t•W""TN 11 :1 'IH :-

tl.uin wu

fi•11Jfl•

In lit:

II\' I W.I~~'L

(~., 1ll 'll~ll '11~. rL I: lt lltt'·~-

;t;t• jtt' I:UI,\

r,J ,\ ..,. 1n1:u ~ :•·•:-,, H•J "M• A,•"' ._.,,,.1, ~ h;uu.l t' J,,\Jlfl\~ ,\ ra : rnaiiJll· t l•mn:t:ur• G'lb II IJ Blll'l· ( fl,lllr.u~l:ll'llo.

u••ru

,,n.l

llJOII,\111

lito:J3tillfii·UHC.:I , U11t ll.lt' ICIIII t:

·'' o.1l.;

t'I•..\I.JI l

1humy ~·I' ~.\IIVIUIID)''"

II Utu:.lUUIWTRt'll ('\1~

Ht ·ut•." ~··

f' 1) : .. 1:.

IJclnU..\

.tl{:q Uf'.llll~;,,

tff,lnTn Itt t'll\fll,

lin l~ll.,af4 Uit• ····~ ~f;bllflt\ u It n a

j\t:p:t:nTU : 41

r.1Rr1•.1~tnr/

J;u

:\'!lfi

:UtJ;tiCUW

NlllnU

:•~•·

JltitHon.

,1CJ•~H!1Tf-.

Jlt:tJ

t•ittl

lC'H•:

_\i'•li.J:IIIl':l

; t..t•

UtHh't.'l llbf.l\t1 ,

,.TO

11(lill :uu. u• ·u •·u

t.'JI~r1.

•n••

G ·alf IIUJh·,,Jmjn uun:.~:l'\

.1nJo~, fOIIII; ,\lliiiMl• li;P rt:llllr,ltlll' 11 roo.111DIL~II 4'0(Wti.

IIJ>O

f~,,_,nsu.uo

t"Jfo'\ .tol

limy

n

i)

T lo--

~Nry

'IHt

iJe

3

nucbMOBa

e nepUia ciJtb,

5/Ka

3caiJKa

npoiJyKyeaJtacb

Fyu,yflbllJ,UHU

Ymoponu.

(1241

YpolfUllJ,e npoiJyKyeaJtu

IIi):( IIpo

KOJIOMIIHChKY

ciJih,

TO):(iiiiHiX

B

COJieBapHJIX HII.

JIKY

0T2Ke,

fyl(yJihll(IITaM

6yJIII

2KIITJIOBi ocepe):(KII, II(O

aBTOp

IIpiiqiiH

t'llt.

Jtimonucy,

npo Ha

IIIIIIIe

3

i

IIpo

JIKIIXOCb

KI1Wift•

11 liT'IIIIIIi

;'\(•p:t:n1H HJ l l oib;l, ftTU

Fa!lUU,bKO- BoJtUHCbKOi!O

p.

BIIp06JIJIJIII

II p TJI

YpUBOK

fy-

O,[(HaK

U:YJihll(IIHII,

1241

Ha-

IIYHKTY

;\~t

1f IHJB t•n.lO IMit• ~ ·

n.; t'll Gn Cf'Til IW,VH'TtlfiKf\ IUl

J

fiii'L

nunu,

11 llpnlfl"muy

lltlJ;:tOIIII M'Olt.Tll ; ~·liti~jlfH· lUUJ ;t.(' jiCI:IJI~ : ,.lt;l,

••·

3ra):(ye 2KO,[(HOrO

He

ceneHoro

0

B

He

TO):(iiiiH€

2KIIT-

COJieBapHIIX

HOHaX

KO!lOMUUCbKY

3ra):(ye.

pa-

fyn:ynhll(IIHII

CBi):(qaTb

HaHCTapiiiii

mepumopii p.)

EaH5l, Ciflb.

iJe

B

IIIIChMOBi

3ra,[(KII.

IIpiiKJia):(,

IIi):(

cepeiJHHbOBilflfi

CeimJtuHa

Ha-

1367

p.


ImocmpoeaHa 3HaXO.[(IIMO Ba2KJIIIBIIH 3

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

rrepiiiy

IIIIChMOBY

l(eHTp

( 1416).

TiB

Y

Ha.[(aHHJI

ceJio, po3TaiiioBaHe

TiB.

1424 p.

Y

3ra.n:yeThCJI Ha p.

rpO.[(ChKIIX

.n:oKyMeHTi

TBep.IJ:2KY€ThCJI

y

rrpo

YTopOIIII

(YTporr)

BIIp06HIIl(TBa. 3eMChKIIX

fyu;ynhiiiiiHII B XV cT.:

iHIIIi oceni

39

3

3ra.[(Ky

COJieBapHoro

orry6JiiKOBaHIIX

ToM

aKTiB

.[(OBi.[(y€MOCJI

rrpo

Eepe3iB (1412), IIicTIIHh, CTorrqa-

KoponJI

Bna.n:IIcJiaBa J!rattna,

3eMeJihHOl

ocinocTi,

3a JIKIIM

3ra.n:yeThCJI

rri.n:-

IIicTIIHh

,KpyroM piqKII IIicTIIHhKII", YToporrii Ta CTorrqarpaMOTi JIIITOBCbKOrO

rroceneHHJI

KociB.

BiH

KHJI3JI

rro.n:apyBaB

CBII.[(piirattJia BIIepiiie

u:e ceno 3 MOHaCTIIpeM

PII6HIIU:i CHJITIIHChKOl BonocTi Bna.n:y ,IJ:parociiHeBIIqy. Y U:hOMY

.[(OKyMeHTi o.n:He

BIIepiiie

3ra.[(y€TbCJI

ypoqiiiiie

B XVI-X lX

3 Hatt6iJihiiiiiX Ha fyu;ynhiiiiiHi

AKTOBi

XV

MaTepianii

cT.

)Ka6'e, .[(e

3acBi.n:qyJOTh

3rO.[(OM

cT.

BIIHIIKJIO

ceno.

TaKi

rrepiiii

IIIIChMOBi

3ra.[(KII rrpo HaceneHi rryHKTII fyu;ynhiiiiiHII: Jlyr ( 1439), Eoropo.n:qaHII

(1441),

(1443),

IJeqeHi2KIIH

(1445),

IIIeiiiopii

KyTII

i

PiqKa (1448),

BII2KHIIU:JI (1450), Po2KHiB (1452), IlHiB (1454), MIInilB (1457), CHJI-

(1490), )J:eJIJITIIH

TIIH

(1495),

(1497).

J!6JIOHKa

3HaqHo 6iJihiiie BIIJIBJieHO .[(aHIIX rrpo HaCeJieHi IIYHKTII fyu;yJihiiiiiHII XVI cT. ,IJ:oBre

1515

Ilpii6JIII3HO rri.n: 1500 p. 3ra.n:yJOThCJI B .n:oKyMeHTax Ha3BII

Ilone, p.

Po3TOKII,

3a3HaqaJOThCJI

MIIKYJIIIqiiH,

BII2KHIIU:JI, Eepe3iB

JlaHqiiH,

1501

BII2KHitt

5!6nyHiB.

Ha

p.

IlyTIIJiiB. Eepe3iB

Y

peecTpi

HII2KHitt, JlJOqa,

3aKaprraTChKitt

fyu;ynhiiiiiHi

B

1555 p. cTae Bi.IJ:OMO rrpo PaxiB i J!ciiHJO. B JIJOCTpau;il CHJITIIHChKoro cTapocTBa

1579 p .

1565

3a

p.

.n:oBi.n:yeMocJI

3a<j:>iKcoBaHo

Brrepiiie

rrpo

ypoqiiiiie

cena

TID.IJ:iB.

PyHrypii,

3

peecTpy

BeJIIIKi

Mani

OcnaBII, KocMaq, a B 1595 p. tt.n:eThCJI rrpo c. Ha.n:BipHa. HarrpiiKiHu;i

XVI

cT.

Ha

3aKaprraTChKitt

fyu;ynhiiiiiHi

rrpo Tpe6yiiiaHII, Jla3eHIIIIIHY, Ko6aKII,

qopHIItt

a

Ha

rro.n:aJOThCJI

IIIIChMOBi

IlpiiKaprraTChKitt

.n:aHi

fyu;ynhiiiiiHi

-

IloTiK, Mono.[(JITIIH, ,IJ:eM'JIHiBKa (rroq. XVII cT.).

Y .n:oKyMeHTax rroqaTKY XVIII cT.

Heo.n:Hopa3oBo

3ra.n:yJOThCJI cena

Po3TOKH,

,IJ:oBrorriJIJIJI EyKoBIIHChKe i IlpiiKaprraTChKe. 3a cBi.n:qeHHJIM

QiTonucy,

BonocbKe

,IJ:oBrorriJIJIJI

B2Ke

icHyBano

B

rrepio.n:

rrpaBJiiHHJI

MOJI.[(aBChKoro rocrro.n:apJI CTerraHa III, To6To HarrpiiKiHu;i XV cT., xo'l B

1607

p.

KIIMMonyrrr Ha3BH

U:IIX

BOHO

BIICTyiia€

PychKIItt. .[(BOX

j Hi)KHHCbKHMH

IIi.[(

Ha3BOIO

KIIMIIOJiyHr,

3a TBep.n:2KeHHJIM niHrBicTa

ryu;ynhChKIIX

HaceneHIIX

i TBOpiiJIII €.[(IIHe l(iJie.

10.

rryHKTiB

I TiJihKII

a

0.

3rO.[(OM KaprreHKa,

crroqaTKY

6ynii

3rO.[(OM )J:oBrOIIiJIJIJI


40

BoJtoiJuMup

6yrro rro,!(irreHe p. IIIaJIOCJI

Ha

EirrHtt

faJIHl(hKitt

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

qepeMoiii Ha PycnKe )l,oBrorrirrrrJI, mo 3aJIHfyl(yJihll(HHi,

)l,oBrorrirrrrJI

Morr,!(aBChKe

Ha

EyKoBHHi. )l,oBrorrirrrrJI crroqaTKY 6yrro €Jl:HHHM cerroM, JIKe po3Me2KoByBaB O,!(Ha Te

qepeMoiii. qacTHHa caMe

3

yTBopeHHJIM MOJI,!(aBChKo-rrorrhChKoro rrorpaHHqqJI

Cerra

CTaJia

i3

cTarrocJI

raJIHl(bKe

Po3TOKaMH,

MOJI,!(aBCbKe.

qepeMoiiieM.

IIOJibChKOIO,

ll,i

Cerra

a

JIKi

,!\pyra

-

MOJI,!(aBCbKOIO.

rro,!(iJIHJIHCJI

p03KliHYJIHCb

y

Ha ,!(Ba

IJpo ,!(Ba OCTaHHi 3a3HaqeHO, II(O

ABm.)

)l,oBrorrirrrrJI po3Me2KOBY€

rre2KaTh

B

ropax

Hail:

qOpHHH

cerra

Morro,!(JITHH,

IloTiK.

1648

Y

p.

(1648-1654 pp.), 5J:ceHiB ,IloKyTTJI"

3erreHa,

MHKYJIHqHH, rracMo

Crro6o,!(a

<j:>paHU:Y3hKoro

Eepe3iB,

PyHrypcbKa, 3ra,!(Kli

a Ha farrHl(hKitt -

rrpo

Ilaciq-

(1655) Ta iH.

,i3 qopeMOIIIHli ropHOl"

iH2KeHepa fittoMa Jle-Baccepa

1650 p., II03HaqeHi ryu;yrrhChKi cerra

EorrrraHa, CKJia,!(eHitt 6rrH3hKO

)l,oBrorrirrrrJI,

3eMrreiO".

IIOJIBJIJIIOTbCJI

cerra KEacH Ha 3aKaprraTChKitt fyu;yrrhll(HHi,

Ha KapTi

JIKHtt

XVII cT., 3a aKTOBHMH ,!(aHHMH, Ha TepHTopil

BHHHKaiOTh

MOJI,!(aBChKOIO

qepeMoiiieM,

rrorroBHHi

)l,eM'JIHiBKa

,!(e

KyTH, Po3TOKH i

,Ti ,!(Ba Cerra (P03TOKH

KopoHy

Y rrepiiiitt

3

3ra,!(y-

rrorrhChKY

IJeqeHi2KHHa

Ha

piqKQIO

iHBeHTapi CHJITHHChKoro cTapocTBa B 1622 p.

B

IOThCJI ,cerra 3a IlpyToM": KHJI2Ke, PH6He, Ko6aKH, )l,oBrOIIiJIJIJI.

cerra

ropax Ha,!(

KocMaq,

qopHoropH,

a

TIO!l:iB,

3a HHM

-

Po3TOKH,

YcTepiKH,

51cHHJI Ha 3aKaprraTTi.

Hatt6iJihiii IIOBHY KapTHHY 3acerreHHJI faJIHl(hKOl fyu;yJihll(liHli ,!(aiOTh pe€CTpli

IIO,!(aTKOBi

ryu;yrrhChKHX cirr.

3

1660,

1670

poKiB.

rrpo TaKi HacerreHi rryHKTH, JIK Ea6HH 3iBChKa, (MicTo

TyT

Cepe,!( paHiiii BiJl:OMHX MH

EoJipCbKa

Crro6o,!(a

(6irrJI

HaJiiqy€TbCJI

(6irrJI

KocoBa),

OcrraB),

)l,opa

Crro6o,!(a Eepe:1Ka6'€,

KociB

cerro), Jlo€Ba, Eirri i qopHi OcrraBH, qopHHtt IloTiK, 3orroTHtt

IloTiK, IIIeiiiopH, TIO!l:iB, TeKyqa, 3erreHa, 51ceHiB, EaHJI-Eepe3iB 3BaHa B Hapo,!(i EaHKH), IHIIIi

rrocerreHHJI

KpacHo1rrrrJI,

MoHaCTHpqaHH,

rroJIBHJIHCJI

Eirro6epi3Ka

rri3Hiiiie:

(XVII

cT.)

-

EpycTypiB

)l,errJITHHChKHX

y

3apiqqJI,

1700

Me2KHpiqqJI

Ta

p.

(1671),

Ha farrHl(hKitt

Ha 3aKaprraTChKitt

Ma€TKiB

(Ha-

Me2KHpiqqJI, 51MHa.

qopHa Ta Eirra THcH -

51MHa,

40

IIOHa,!(

3YCTpiqa€MO rrepiiii 3ra,!(KH

fyu;yrrhll(HHi.

3ra,!(yiOThCJI,

Crro6o,!(a,

a6o

KpiM

BopoxTa,

fyu;yrrhll(HHi B

i

iHBeHTapi

MHKYJIHqHHa,

516rryHHl(JI,

EaHJI

Ha

Me2KHpiqqi. Y pe€cTpi rrapa<j:>il 1707 Eepe3iB

BerrHKa,

Crro6o,!(a

p.

Brrepiiie 3YCTpiqa€MO HOBi ocerri: EaHJI-

PyHrypcbKa,

CoKorriBKa

(6irrJI

KocoBa),


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

AKpeiiiopli,

KpHBopiBHJI,

niBKa,

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

J!ceHiB,

IlpoKypaBa, JiarpHHiBKa i

41

3

:1Ka6'e, CnyrreH:Kli, fopo.IJ:

(6inJI

Jl10qa i

KocoBa),

KoBa-

Eino6epi3Ka,

II oToqoK B M e2KHpiqqi. Ha faJIHU:hKiH: fyu;ynhll(liHi y XVIII cT. BliHHKa!OTh CTe6HiB PiqKa (1735), HJIBa,

J!ceHiB

5!6nyHHU:JI

(Ha

6epe3i

Einoro

qepeMoiiia),

(1785-1788), J!peMqa (1788), TaTapiB (3 .[(aH,

Y CTb- q OpHa,

(1774),

Jlyrli;

(1780),

Cepril

Ha

(1731),

(1739), J!BopiB (1751), fonoBH, fpli-

BepxHiH:

3 aKaprra TChKiH

KHcliJIHU:i,

Po2KHiB

1848 p.

fyu;yJihll(liHi

3axapoBHqi,

BeJIHKliH

KpeM'JIHU:i), -

Eor-

KoHJITliH

Ycn-IlyTHJia,

5!6ny-

HliU:JI, lliliiiiT i, HapeiiiTi, IJJIOCKa (1774) Ta )l:liXTliHel(b (1783) EyKOBliHChKiH 3HaqHliH

Ha

fyu;yJihll(liHi.

IIpliiiJiliB

IlpHKaprraTTJI,

ceJIJIH

i3

IIi.[(ripCbKliX EyKOBliHli

3aKaprraTTJI

Hli30BliHHliX

Ha

TepeHH

OKOJilil(h

fyu;ynhll(liHli

B

XV -XVIII cT. rroJICHIO EThCJI cou;iaJihHO- eKoHoMiqHliMli yMoBaMH. BHacJii.IJ:OK py.

HacTyrry

<j:>eo.[(aJiiB

0CHOBHliMli

IIOCHlil(bKOrO

BTeqi

IIpliqliHaMli

rHiTy,

ceJIJIH

BTeq

rrepe.[(yCiM,

Ha6yBa!OTh

6yno

MacoBoro

IIOCliJieHHJI

3aXOIIJieHHJI

xapaKTe-

<j:>eo.[(aJibHO-Kpi-

IIIJIJIXTOIO

CeJIJIHChKliX

Ha.[(iJiiB, 36iJihiiieHHJI <j:>eo.[(aJibHliX IIOBliHHOCTeH, p030p!O!OqliH xapaKTep

opeH.[(HOl

CeJIJIHli

CliCTeMli

3aJIHIIIaJIH

IIIJIJIXeTChKOrO

pi.IJ:Hi

oceni,

MiCl(JI, II(06 II036yTliCJI rHiTy. 3BiCTOK

rrpo

rrpHBaTHliX

IIOO.[(liHOKi,

Mi2Kyco6Hl(i .IJ:Y2Ke

BOJIOCTh

KpirraKiB.

rpyrroBi

MaCOBi

.IJ:YXOBHHX)

rroKHHyno

CeJIJIHli

3MyiiieHi

rrepexo.[(liJili

6yJili

B

6iJihiii

crrpliJITJiliBi

B aKTOBliX KHlirax 3HaXO.[(liTbCJI qliMaJIO

(IIIJIJIXeTChKliX

MapaxoBChKY BiciMcoT

rOCIIO.[(apCTBa.

c.

6JIH3hKO

Me.IJ:HHJI

3aJiliiiiliTli

BTeqi

MaETKiB. TlicJiqi,

qepe3

CBOl

3

KOpOJiiBChKliX

TaK, a

y

i p.

5!3JIOBel(hKY

rona.[(

OCeJii.

16 3 6

IIIJIJIXeTChKi

TaKliX

IIpliKJia.[(iB

6araTo.

J!K cBi.IJ:qaTh aKTOBi .[(aHi, ceJIJIHli fanHqliHli, BTiKa!OTh

rrepeBa2KHO

30KpeMa,

Ha 3aKaprraTTJI i

Ha

Ilo.[(iJIJIJI,

rroqHHa!Oqli 3 XVI

Ha.IJ:.IJ:HirrpJIHII(liHY

B

cT.,

KaprraTH,

EyKoBHHy.

IloTiK BTiKaqiB Ha CXi.[( IIOJICHIO€TbCJI TliM, II(O Ha IJpaBo6epe2KHiH YKpai"Hi

B2Ke

IIOBCTaHHJI

y

XVI

cT.

CTaHOBliii(e

rrocTiilHo l(liX

crranaxyBaJIH

CeJIJIH

IIOpiBHJIHO

ceJIJIHChKO-K03al(hKi 3

raJilil(hKliMli

6yno

.IJ: e III o Kpall(HM. fanHqaHH rroceJIJIJiliCJI B HOB03acHoBaHHX cno6o.[(ax, a K0

'i M IIIJIJIXTa rroqliHaJia lX IIplirHiqyBaTli, MaCOBO BJiliBaJiliCJI B 3aro-

Hli

K03aKiB.

ToMy cepe.[( peecTpoBoro K03al(TBa y XVI cT.

BIIXi.n;u;iB 3 fanHqliHli.

e qliMano

Y ceJIJIHChKO-K03al(hKliX 3aroHax HaJIHBaH:Ka B


BoJtoiJuMup

42 1594

p.

6ymi

TaK02K

ITOBCTaHrri

PychKOrO BO€BO.[(CTBa He rri.[(.[(aHHX 3

KHlBChKoro

3a .[(aHHMH

HaniqyBanocJI .[(OCJii.[(HHKa 2491

PychKoro

i

BoJIHHChKoro

BOEBO.IJ:CTBa.

~.[(

BOEBO.IJ:CTB. cT.

BHHHKae

ITi.[(ripCbKHX OKOJIHifJIX IlpHKaprraT-

II. ,IJ:oM6KoBChKoro, B XV cT. y PychKOMY BOEBO.IJ:CTBi 149 5

0,

CeJIO

HOBHX OCeJib y

lliJIJIXTa

ceAMy ITOBepHeHHJI

3HaqHo1 Mirparril raJIHifhKHX ceJIJIH, y XVI

BHacni.IJ:OK

BeJIHKa KiJihKiCTb TJI.

3

BHITa.[(KOBO BHMaraJia

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

cin

69

MicT.

J!6JIOHOBCbKOrO,

125

XVI

Y

Ha

IfHX

cT.,

3a

rri.[(paxyHKaMH

TepHTOpiJIX

B2Ke

icHyBaJIO

MiCT.

B OCHOBHOMY rrporrec KOJIOHi3arril AlliOB Ha IlpHKaprraTTi. J!KlifO B

XV

CT.

Ha

XVI cT.

faJIHifhKiA 51

60-x poKiB XVI cT. rraTTJI

rrpOTJirOM

571

BOJIOCTi

TH

.[(OCHTb

CiJI

B

B

378

ciJI,

TO

B

OCeJib.

HaJIBHiCTIO

3HaqHHX

OKOJIHifJIX.

He-

KopoJiiB-

,€, Mi2K iHlliHM, .[(y2Ke 6araTO B

F.) MiCrrh i ITOTOKiB, Ha JIKHX 6H 6e3rreqHo CaM6ipcbKoro cTapocTe M02KHa 6yno oceJIH-

Mi2K )l:OJIHHChKHM

yropCbKOl rpaHHrri.

i

cTapocTBax IlpHKap-

HOBHX

ripCbKHX

1567 p.:

B.

CTpHAChKoro i

60

ITOJICHIO€TbCJI

rrepeBa2KHO

(KanychKiA -

MiCT

lifO B .[(eCJITH

BHHHKJIO

IlpHKaprraTTJI

TepHTOpiA,

17

Ha ocHoBi nrocTparril KoponiBlifHHH

BCTaHOBJieHo,

CbKHA JIIOCTpaTOp ITHCaB y

3BHqaeM

HaJiiqyBaJIOCh

ceno.

.[(eCJITHpiqqJI

KoJIOHi3arriJI OCBO€HHX

3eMJii

MicTo i

faJIHifbKHM

ITOJIOHHHaX M02KHa 6

CTapOCTBaMH,

OCeJIHTH

a2K .[(0

KiJihKa .[(eCJITKiB

cin". BTeqa y

ropH,

Ha

fYrrYJihlifHHY,

JieHHJI

<j:>eo.[(aJihHO-KpirrocHHifhKoro

XVIII

cT.

ropH,

BeJIHKi

3aroHiB

Bi.D:

rHiTy

rHiTy

eKcrrnyaTaTopiB

JiiCH,

OITpHlliKiB

rrpO.[(OB2KyBaJiaCJI

rJIH60Ki He

rrepio.[(

ITOCH-

rronoBHHi

XVII-

3aXHlifaJIH

IlocTiAHi

M02KJIHBOCTi

B

.IJ:pyriA

ceJIJIH

rreqepH.

.[(aBaJIH

B

HerrpHcTyrrHi

BHCTYITH

lliJIJIXTi

3

OKpeMHX

TaKOIO

CHJIOIO

rH06HTH CeJIJIH, JIK rre 6yno B HH30BHHHHX paAoHaX faJIHifbKOl 3eMJii. KpiM Taro, B lifi, YroplifHHH TH

KaprraTax cxo.[(HJIHCJI KOP.IJ:OHH Tphox .[(ep2KaB i

Mon.[(aBiL

3 O.[(Hiel KpalHH

.IJ:pyro1 BiACbKa ,rrirnnH

rronoBHHH B

1674

3 6inhrn

HaiTpliM

p.

TaK

B YroplifHHy"

ripcbKa TepHTopiJI i

B iHlliY.

XVII

Ha

cT.

TaKi B

rrepeXO.[(H

TpHBaJIH

YToporrax

3HYlifaJIHCJI

Ha.[(

(MaiOThCJI Ha yBa3i

fYrrYJihlifHHH).

Bi.[(.[(aJieHHX TepHTopiA. YrOplifHHy"

IIonh-

ll,e .[(aBano M02KJIHBiCTh BiJihHO rrepexo.[(H-

CeJIJIHaMH,

y

yciel

KoponiBChKi

lifO

BOHH

BCi

3aKaprraTChKa YKpai"Ha i 11

Ha 3aKaprraTTJI TaK,

rrpOTJirOM

IIIernopax

1669

BeJIHKa BaJIKa CeJIJIH.

p.

rrpH6yBaJIH 3

BoJIHHi

BTiKaqi ,B3JIJia

BJiaCHHK BHpilliHB

ITO-


lfllocmpoeaHa BepHyTIII

icmopiR lX,

6a)KaiOqlf

Ha3.[(0rHaBIIIII

IIOBepHyTIICJI

Hait6iJihiiie faJIIIl(bKOrO Ha

BTiKaqiB

IloKyTTi,

Ha

faJIIIl(hKiit 6araTo

IIOBi.[(OMJIJIJia: piinocJI

.[(y)Ke

IIIJIJIXTII

B

ycix

3eMJii

pi3HIIX

II(O

TO

Y

To it

3aKaprraTTJI, poKax

XVIII

ChKIIit

YPJI.I1

IIpiiitMaTII .[(OHi,

OT)Ke,

KO:

y

)Ke

cT.

3a

qac

TaK

3

i

B

.11e

ceJIJIH

B

Ha

40-x

IIaHiB

Ha

BTiKaqiB

KapaJibHIIX CMyry,

Ha6paBIIIII B

rroqaTKY

Hapo.[(Horo

IIOTiK

B

Ha

30-40-x

poKax

cyci.[(ChKoi:

3

IIIJIJIXTa

3aJie)KaJIII

KaprraTChKY

CaMe

CBOlX

Mait)Ke

.[(iJIJibHOCTi

36epe)KeHHJI

3pa.[(IIBIIIII

CT.

YTBO-

raJIIIl(bKOl

BoroHh

XVIII

piBHOMipHo,

xapaKTepy. ,.I1JIJI

YTBOpiO-

cT.

-

IIIO

UepKiBHa,

IloKyTTi

XVII

IIOCIIJieHHJIM

BTeqi

c.

KaprraTII,

ropiB

cT.

ceitMy,

pp.) B

Ha

ropii.

a6o

XV-XV1I

XVIII

rronoBIIHi

.[(eCJITIIpiqqJIX

paitoHaX

ceitMIIKY

B

He

Jiicax.

IIOBiTi,

3arpo3JIIIBIIM.

IIOBTiKaJIII

Bi.[(6yBaJIIICJI

JIKi,

JIKIIX Ha

rroqaTKY

Ilo.[(iJIJIJI,

B

rrpii6yna

.[(y)Ke

Ha

B

rroJih-

rrpiiJI3Hi

IIOJibChKOMY

He

KOp-

MOJI.[(aBChKIIit".

KaprraTChKi <j:>eo.[(aJiiB.

YTIICKII,

cTano

.11pyriit

3B'JI3KY

MacoBoro

IIi.[(.[(aHIIX,

1>i iMOMaHiTHi

ropii

3aceJIJIJIIICJI

JIIO.[(hMII,

JIKi

He

<j:>eo.[(aJibHO-KpiiiOCHIIl(bKOrO 36iJihiiieHHJI

<j:>opMII

MaC.

6€11SIH

KaprraTII,

<j:>eo.[(aJibHIIX

Bi.[(BepToro

0.[(Hi€IO II(O

Ta

3

TaKIIX

it

3YMOBIIJIO

rHiTy,

<j:>opM

IIpOTeCTY

iHTeHCIIBHe

foiii-

Hal(iOHaJibHO-pe-

IIOBIIHHOCTeit

IIpiiXOBaHoro

cTeprrinii

10. r.

Unoro )K BIICHOBKY .[(OXO.[(IITb .[(OCJii.[(HIIK

HapO.[(HIIX y

B

6yno

'1648-1651

JIKa

BOHII,

ripCbKIIX

.[(OIIOBi.[(aJIII

,CJI060.[(II,

Ilo.[(iJIJIJI,

Ha

po3IIOPJI.I1IIBCJI

,IJOCIIJieHHJI

JiiiiitHi

51KII(O

EyKoBIIHY

BTiKaiOTh

HATVICKy

Ha

HaCTYIIHIIX

3MeHIIIY€TbCJI

3aroHiB.

JIK

TaK

itiiiJIOCJI

CeJIJIH

BTiKaJIII

B

Ha

u:e

aJie

IIOXOBaJIIICJI y

IIOCJIII

KOMiciJI,

IIocrroJIIIToi:

qifMaJIO

ceJIJIHII

IIOBCTaHHJI,

Ilpo

BTiKaqiB

ropax),

KoJIOMIIHChKOMY

CIIYCTOIIIeHHJI

CTaHOBIIIIIe

Peqi

rrpiiqiiH.

cT.

CIO,IIIil

,IIiCJIJI

BTiKaiOTh

p.

B

IIIJIJIXeTChKi

CeJIJIHII

1667

(B

IIaHa,

fyu;yJihiiiiiHi.

p.

YpJI.[(OBa

IlpiiiiJIIIBII

XVIII

TOqHiiiie,

cno6i.11".

BO€BO.I1CTB

TeKyqa

HeHaBIICHOrO

Ha

1652

6araTo".

CKap)KIIJiaCb,

Bi.I1

B

C.

43

CKOHl(eHTpOByBaJIOCb

30KpeMa IIIe

3

ToM

6iJIJI

.[(0

IlpiiKaprraTTJI,

HarrpiiKJia.[(,

€TbCJI

IIpuKapnammR.

BIIKJIIIKaJIII

IIpOTeCTY 6yJIII

3

6oKy

MaCOBi

3aceneHHJI

BTeqi

ripcbKIIX

pa~OHiB". 3acenetiHSI

~Lil<l>i'"IHi DO

II II IKpi

II

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

oco6JIIIBOCTi. BIIHIIKaJIII

TaKIIX

"Ill,

II06JIII3Y

rroceneHh,

KyTII,

-

6araTOBiKOBIIit

HaJIBHi

JIK

CTorrqaTiB,

.[(OKyMeHTII

COJieBapHIIX

rrpou;ec,

IIpOMIICJiiB

YToporrii,

KociB,

y)Ke

icHyBaJIII

TO.I1i

JIKIIit

rrepeKOHYIOTh, II(e

IIicTIIHh, coJIJIHi

B

MaB II(O

crre-

rrepiiii

X-XIII

CT.

IJeqeHi)KIIH, )KYIIII.

Ha3Ba


44

BoJtoiJuMup

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

Hall:,n:aBHiiiioro ryu;yJihCbKOrO CeJia YTOpOIIII IIOXO!J:IITb Bi,n: CJIOBa ,ciJib". B

rrepio,n: Krri"BChKOl Pyci

i

faJIIIU:hKo-BonrrHChKoro

KHJI3iBCTBa caMe

3Bi)J;CII BIIB03IIJIII CiJih MiCl(eBi i IIpiil2K)J;2Ki COJieToprOBl(i i p03B03IIJIII , CoJIJIHi )];2Ke pen a, - - II II CaB J!. foJIOBal(bKIIH,

ITO BCiH TO!J:iiiiHiH Pyci. ... me

3 ,n:aBHix-,n:aBeH

JIIIJIIICJI TYT, ,n:opo2KIIJIII Jl:pyrrrM

<j:>aKTopoM

rrprrBa6nroBanrr ,n:o U:IIM ,n:apoM

JIKi

Brrrrac

BecHoro

3ra,n:yroThCJI BrrraHJIJIII

me

xy,n:o6y.

B

HaBiTh

3IIMOIO,

OCKiJihKII

OTapii

2KIITeJiiB,

6ynrr

6araTi

cTapopychKIIX

rroce-

OBel(b

rracoBrrma-rrono-

niTorrrrcax.

IIonoHIIHChKe

Cro,n:rr

2KIITTJI

3aJIIIIIIaJIIICJI

KOIIIapax, ,n:e 2KIIJIII IIaCTYXII B KOJIII6aX-3IIMiBKaX i CbKe

JIKi

rrprrpo,n:rr

3aceneHHJI Kparo

HIIHII,

ce6e

Ha

Ha

rrynncyBano 3IIMiBJIIO

B

CTeperJIII rpoMa,n:-

CTa,n:o.

II OCTYIIOBO 6iJIJI COJieBapeHb i IIOJIOHIIHChKIIX KOJIII6 ryu;yJIII IIOCeJIJIJIIICJI

Ha

IIOCTiHHO,

oqrrmaJIII

TepiiTOpiro

Bi,n:

Jiicy,

6y,n:yBaJIII

CBOl

xaTrr i TaKIIM qrrHoM ,n:aBanrr rroqaTKII rroceneHHJIM. TaK, cnaBH03BicHe ryu;yJihCbKe IIi3Hiiiie

CeJIO

)Ka6'e

TYT BIIHIIKa€

3ra,n:y€TbCJI

CeJIO,

mo

1424

y

IIOCTYIIOBO

p.

JIK

IIOJIOHIIHa,

a

36iJihiiiY€TbCJI.

OcHOBHIIMII rroceneHU:JIMII fyu;ynnmrrHrr 6ynrr ceJIJIHII, a He IIIJIJIXTa, JIK u:e HaMaranrrcJI ,n:oBecTrr rroJihChKi icToprrKrr. rrr",

,3a

Bi,n:Ba2KHiCTh"

rrepe,n:

Piqqro

IIIJIJIXTrrqi ,3a 3acny-

IIocrronrrToro

,n:icTaBanrr

Bi,n:

KOpOJIJI qrr CTapOCTII rrpaBO Ha 3aCeJieHHJI ryu;yJihChKIIX OKOJIIII(h, aJie B2Ke

IIiCJIJI OCBO€HHJI CeJIJIHaMII-ryu;ynaMII

6araTa COJIJIHIIMII JierKOIO

KOIIaJIIIHaMII,

II02KIIBOIO,

Ha Cepe,n:HhOMY i KOM,

JIKi

rpOIIIOBIIM

ripCbKOl TepiiTOpil.

JiiCOM, )J;IfqifHOIO, rrprr6yTKOM.

3 eMJIJI,

Ba6IIJia IIIJIJIXTifqiB

IIo,n:i6He

CIIOCTepiraJIOCJI

Hrr2KHhOMY IIo,n:HirrpoB'1, ,n:e 3a ceJIJIHIIHOM i K03a-

OCBOIOBaJIII

CTeiiOBi

IIpOCTOpii,

HIIIJIII

IIIJIJIXTifq

i

MarHaT,

mo6 BIITJiraTII 3 HOBOOCiJIIIX CeJIJIH qepe3 <j:>eo,n:aJibHY peHTY JIKOMOra 6iJihiiie

rpOIIIOBIIX

fyu;yJihChKi

rrprr6yTKiB.

OCeJii

BIIHIIKaJIII

3aCHOByBaJIIICb

3a

qepeMOIIIY

faJIIIU:hKiH:

Ha

3aKaprraTChKOl

crrcTeMoro Ta

B piK

KOJIII

HaiipJIMaX.

IIpyTy,

rrrrcaB,

TaKo1 mo

IIo-rrepiiie,

Prr6Hrru;i,

EyKoBIIHChKiH:

fyu;ynnmrrHrr.

I. II. Kprrrr'JIKeBrrq,

)];BOX

2K

OcnaBKII,

fyu;ynnmrrHi ,n:yMKII

,nro,n:chKi

BOHII Jlroqi,

Trrcrr

,n:oTprrMyBaBcJI

oceni

orraHoByBanrr

Harrepe,n: po,n:roqy HII30BIIHY Ha,n: IIpyTOM, a 3Bi)J;CII IIOCyBaJIIICJI IIOBOJii ,n:onrrHaMrr piK ErrcTprru;i, IIpyTy, qepeMoiiiy H: iHIIIIIX y rnrr6rrHy rip". IIo-,n:pyre,

3a

HaiiiiiMII

CIIOCTepe2KeHHJIMII,

Hall:,n:aBHiiiii,

rrepBiCHi

cena 6ynrr ocepe,n:KaMrr, JIKi ,n:aBanrr rroqaTKII cyci,n:HiM rroceneHHJIM, H:


lfllocmpoBaHa

icmopiJ!

IlpwwpnammR.

45

3

ToM

OCTaHHi BIIHIIKaJIII, B CBOIO qepry, Ha 1XHhOMY rpyHTi. A.[(2Ke KOJIIIIIIHi .[(aBHi oceni fyu;ynhiiiiiHII

KociB,

KyTII,

IJeqeHi2KIIH,

Eepe3iB Ta iHIIIi

3aH:MaJIII BeJIIIqe3Hi 3eMeJihHi rrpocTopii.

CTBopeHHJI HOBIIX ocenh 3a

TaKHM

Ha

IIpiiHl(IIIIOM

M02KHa

IIpOCTe2KIITII

KOHKpeTHOMY

IIpiiKJia.[(i.

51K Bi.[(oMo, Ha.[( PII6HIIU:eiO B2Ke Ha rroqaTKY XV cT. 6yno po3MiiiieHo C.

KociB,

1424

p.

TepiiTopiJI

.110

JIKoro

cepe.[(IIHII

cJirana

XVIII

cT.

:1Ka6'€ro

u:e

cTapoBIIHHe

rro.[(iJIIIJIOCh Ha BiciM oKpeMIIX rroceneHh. Ba Ha.[( piqKQIO

PII6HIIl(eiO

3HaqiiThCJI ,ceno IIIeCTII

KociB"

BYJIIIU:h

CMO.[(He

3a

BIIHIIKJIO

i

,MicTo

Bep6oBel(h,

p.

PII6HIIU:eiO,

(HIIHi

ryu;ynhChKe

MiCTO

i

ceno

B2Ke

Qi

1670 p.

B pe€CTpi

MicTo CKJia.[(anocJI TO.I1i 3

M oHaCTIIpiiChKO,

CBo6o.[(a.

3

CrroqaTKY Ha rpyHTi Koco-

KociB".

fopo.11,

BepxoBIIHa).

BYJIIIU:i

M ocKaniBKa,

(KBapTaJIII)

3rO.[(OM

BII.[(iJIIIJIIICJI B OKpeMi IIOCeJieHHJI, a .[(aJii, 3a Teqi€IO PII6HIII(i, IIOCTyIIOBO Bi.[(oKpeMIIJIIICJI Ha KociBChKIIX rpyHTax cena Ea6IIH, CoKoniBKa, 51BopiB,

PiqKa, :1Ka6'€,

KpiiBopiBHJI.

3a .[(aHIIMII icTopiiqHIIX .[(2Kepen,

y2Ke B 1753 p. Bci BOHII CTBOpiOBaJIII KociBChKIIH KJIIQq a6o BOJIOCTb. B

CBOIO

EarHa,

qepry,

Ha TepiiTOpi1 )Ka6'€rO

qopHa fopa,

InhU:JI fopiiiiHJI, TaKIIMII

2K

EyKoBel(h,

Kocapiiiiie,

BIIHIIKJIO

Xo.[(aK,

KpacHIIH Jlyr,

ocepe.[(KaMII,

HaBKOJio

6araTO

fpa6oBel(h, KpiiBe

JIKIIX

IIpiiciJIKiB -

InhU:JI )l,oniiiiHJI,

Ilone,

3rO.[(OM

KpiiBe.

BIIHIIKaJIII

iHIIIi

ceJIIIIIIa, 6ynii c. Eepe3iB Ha.[( piqKoiO JliOqKoiO, c. IJeqeHi2KIIH Ta iH.

1600 p. B2Ke 3a<j:>iKcoBaHo Eepe3iB BII2KHiH:

3a rro.[(aTKOBIIM pe€cTpoM Eepe3iB Eepe3iB

HII2KHiH:

fopiiiiHiH:.

a6o, A

JIK

IIIe

1x

TepiiTopiJI,

.[(icTana Ha3BY EaHJI-nepe3iB

Ha3IIBaJIII, .11e

6yna

IIIJIJIXTOIO

i

)l,oniiiiHiH: a6o

6aHJI,

(y Hapo.[(i Mana Ha3BY EaHhKII). TaKe 2K

Y 1646 p. BIIHIIK KOH<j:>JiiKT

IBif111e CIIOCTepira€MO i 3 IJeqeHi2KIIHOM. Mi2K MiCl(eBOIO

Eepe3iB

coneBapHJI

CeJIJIHaMII

3a rpyHTII.

3

faJIIIl(bKOrO

CY.I1Y

IIpii6yna ypJI.[(OBa KOMiciJI Ha qoJii 3 B03HIIM, JIKIIH o6'12K.[(2KaB ceJia i IIIIIHyBaB Micu;eBIIX 2KIITeniB, i )l,cM'JIHiBKa i

,B JIKOMY qaci Ti .[(Ba cena Mono.[(JITIIH

Ha qifHOMY rpyHTi

6yJIII

6iJIJI IIOTOKiB,

3BaHIIX IJo60HIIIIIHa a6o

caMIIM

nicoM

He.[(aJieKo

MiMII

,Ti

I 11

CeJia

icHi2KIIHChKIIX

IJeqeHi2KIIHa?"

3aCHyBaJIII 6ynii

Ha

rpyHTi

rro6y.[(oBaHi

KIHIII XVI a6o Ha rroqaTKY XVII cT.

II

pe€cTpi

IIOCeJieHi,

JIKi p03KIIHYJIIICb

IJo60HOBIIIIIe CTapo2KIIJIII

lliii6iHKII IIi.[( 3acBi.I1qiiJIII,

IJeqeHi2KIIHCbKOMY,

xaTII".

Qe

Morna

i3

IIIO

JiiciB

Bi.I16YTIICJI

B

HeBi.[(oMo, qoMy c. )l,eM'JIHiBKa

1670 p. B)Ke He 3HaqiiThCJI JIK oKpeMe ceno.


46

BoJtoiJuMup

3ri,n:HO

3i

CBi,n:qeHHJIMII,

B03HIIH

3aiiiiCaB

B aKTi,

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

II(O

C.

qOpHIIH

IloTiK ,He,n:aBHO Ha rpyHTi IJeqeHi2KIIHCbKOMY 3aCeJieHe" i p03TaiiiOBaHe TaM, ,n:e

,cxo,n:IIThCJI

IloTiK qopHIIH

3 IloTOKOM

IlaiiiyiiiKa".

Bipori,n:HO,

!J:OKyMeHTi rri,n:KpeCJIIO€TbCJI, II(O CeJIO BIIHIIKJIO He,n:aBHO ,n:ecb

B 40-x

To,n:i

2K

a6o Ha

H:

poKax XVII

30-x

TepiiTopil

B

cT.

IJeqeHi2KIIHa

B2Ke

icHyBano

c.

PyHrypii.

0 ,n:HaK Cno6o,n:II

PyHrypcbKOl He 6yno, a TiJihKII, 3a cnoBaMII B03HO-

ro,

(a6o

3onoTIIH

mo

i3

3eMni

KOJibopy. ChKoro

PorrHIIH:)

rrpocoqyBanacJI

TyT ocinii

KJIJOqa B

rypcbKa a6o

IloTiK,

Ha<j:>Ta

i

U:JO

Ha3BY TOMY,

Ha,n:aBana rpyHTY

JIKIIH ,n:icTaB

30JIOTIICToro

ceJIJIHII-cno6o,n:JIHII,

1722

p.

3onoTIIH

B2Ke

B iHBeHTapi

3ra,n:yeThCJI

rroceneHHJI

IJeqeHi2KIIH-

Cno6o,n:a

PyH-

IloTiK.

TaK Ha IJeqeHi2KIIHChKOMY rpyHTi rrpoTJiroM XV-XVIII cT.

BIIHIIK-

no rr'JITb CiJI, JIKi B rocrro,n:apCbKOMY KOMIIJieKCi CTBOp!OBaJIII IJeqeHi2KIIHChKIIH Ceno

KJIIO q.

KyTII,

JIKe

,n:aTyEThCJI

B

IIIIChMOBIIX

36iJihiiiY€TbCJI 3a KiJihKiCTIO HaCeJieHHJI HIII(i.

BHaCJii)J;OK

p03BIITKY

i

peMeCJia

,n:oKyMeHTax

1448

p.,

IIOIIIIIp!O€TbCJI B 6iK BII2KTOpriBJii

B

1715

p.

BOHO

rrepeTBOp!O€ThCJI Ha MicTo KyTII, a rrepBiCHIIH ocepe,n:oK 3aJIIIIIIa€ThcJI rri,n: Ha3BOJO 3

KyTaMII

CTapi

KyTII

rroB'JI3aHe

JIK ceno.

BIIHIIKHeHHJI

me

o,n:Horo

cena

T10,n:iB,

po3TaiiioBaHoro Ha,n: piqKoJO qepeMoiiieM. Y JIJOCTpau;il CHJITIIHChKoro CTapOCTBa 15 6 5 p. BOHO 3ra,n:y€TbCJI JIK , ypoqiiii(e, Ha3BaHe TIOJJ:OBIIM", mo HaJie2KaJio ,n:o KyTiB. Y raJIIIU:hKIIX rpo,n:chKIIX KHIIrax MII BIIJIBIIJIII <j:> aKTII,

JIKi

p03IIOBi,n:aJOTb

rrpo

BIIHIIKHeHHJI

Bi,n:6yBcJI rrpou;ec Mi2K BJiaCHIIKaMII T10,n:oBa i CHJITIIHChKoro

cTapocTBa.

,IJ:oMiHiK

l(hOrO

CeJia.

CynJITIIU:hKIIH,

CHJITIIHChKoro cTapocTII ypoqiime T10,n:iB,

Y

164 7

p.

KyTiB, JIKi HaJie2KaJIII ,n:o

3aceJIIIB

oTpiiMaBIIIII

Bi,n:

H:oro ceJIJIHaMII,

a

rroTiM HaMaraBcJI 3axorrJIJOBaTII rpyHTII, nicii i rracoBIIII(a ceJIJIH KyTiB. :IKIITeJii

KyTiB BIIKJIIIKaJIII KOMiCiJO i3 faJIIIqa.

CTap02KIIJia KpirraKa HiKopy 0HIIIIIKOBifqa JIOrO, JIKIIH MaB 6iJihiiie

120 poKiB,

BOHII B3JIJIII 3a CBi,n:Ka

,qoJIOBiKa CTaporo, ,n:pJIX-

O)J;HaK 6yB IIpii ,n:o6piH: IIaM'JITi".

BiH po3rroBiB rrpo rrpiiBJiacHeHHJI T10,n:oBa rraHoM <l>aKTII

BIIHIIKHeHHJI

crrocTepiraeMo

B c.

HOBIIX

TeKyqa,

OCeJib

CynJITIIU:hKIIM.

3i CTapOBIIHHIIX

Bi,n: JIKoro

BIIJJ:iJIIIJiacJI

ocepe,n:KiB

CBipcbKa

Bi,n: C. )l:opa BIIHIIKJIO IIOCeJieHHJI J!peMqe, Bi,n: J!MHOrO Bi,n:

MIIKYJIIIqiiHa

-

TaTapiB,

BopoxTa

i

5!6nyHIIl(JI.

CiJI

EaHJI;

narpoBel(b,


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IIo.[(eKy.IJ:II faJIIIl(hKiH

rro'IaToK

KocMa'!a.

He.[(aBHO

BIIJIBJieHiH

HIIl(bKIIM y

1671

EpycTypiB

Bi.IJ:OMIIH HaiiiiC

Ha.[(aBaJIII

B TaKIIH crroci6

II p o

36epiraeThCJI

B

mo

rroceJIJIJIIICJI

BIIHIIKJIO C.

i3

.IJ:OBi.IJ:YEMOCJI

.[(BOX

.IJ:OKyMeHTiB.

HaiiiiCaHiH

Ha

EpycTypiB

II e Tp OM

Y

CTyii-

,IIepBOIIepBil 2KIITeJii 6yJIII IIpiiiiieJihl(i

IIoceJIIIJIIICh

MaHKII,

3.[(ecb

PII6op!OKII,

u;epKBi:

EpycTypiBChKiH:

BIIJIBIIB

B IIoqaeBi

,EpycTypii

IIpiiiiieJibl(aMII

II3

.[(epeBHJO

rrpoqil".

IIeTpyiiieBII'I

BII.[(aHoro

€BaHreJiiJI,

rrpo3BaJIII

MIIKJiaiiii i

A.

.IJ:OCJii.IJ:HIIK

OCHOBaHHOe

2KIITeni,

fyu;ynnmiiHII,

p. 'IIITa€MO:

CTOpiHKaX

IIOCeJieHIIe

u:e

xpoHil(i

raJIIIU:hKIIH

Ha

47

3

CaMe

YropcbKIIX.

EpycTypiB, 2KIITeni

ToM

oceni

fyu;ynnmiiHi.

rro6JIII3Y

3

IlpuKapnammR.

1780

TaKIIH p.,

rrpe2K.[(e

3aKaprraTCKIIX

JIKe

Manoe

CTpaH

II3

EpycTyp, IIMeHIIeM Pnr6ap!OKII, KOTOphre paciiiiipiiJIII ceno 1681 ro.[(a". IIpo .[(y2Ke .[(aBHe M02KYTh

p03CeJieHHJI

CBi.[('IIITII

fyu;ynnmiiHII

C.

OIIIICII

Bi.[(i

rrpo

Ha .[(OCJii.[(2KyBaHiH TepiiTOpil

3

rre pili IIX

BIITBIIl(bKOrO, morrpaB.[(a,

TaX, a Ha 3ra.[(KaX CTa p 02KIIJiiB IIOX0.[(2KeHHJI

73-pi'IHIIM

ryu;yniB

O.[(HOrO

ryu;yJIOM,

)K

ryu;yniB JIKIIH

3YCTpiq

CTBep.[(2KyBaB,

mo

y

1862

ryu;yJIII

iCTOpii:

Ha .[(OKyMeH-

)l: OCJii.[(HIIK y CBOlH

a 6 '€ ro.

OIIIICY€

.[(OCJii.[(HIIKiB

OCHOBaHi He

p.

3i

p03IIOCTapiiM

,3 .[(i.[(a-rrpa.[(i.[(a

Ha l(IIX Bepxax 3aKopeHIIJIIICJI" IIpii

3'JicyBaHHi

3acnyroBy€ piB.

Y

Ha

.[(eJIKIIX

rrpo6JieMII

yBary

IIO'IaTKOBOrO

icHyBaHHJI

MiCl(JIX,

3aCeJieHHJI

TYT .[(aBHiX

30KpeMa

6iJIJI

fyu;ynnmiiHII

rrpaBOCJiaBHIIX

HaHCTapiiiiiiX

MOHaCTII-

HaCeJieHIIX

rryH-

KTiB fyu;ynnmiiHII, 3HaXO.[(IIMO iCTOpii'IHi 3ra.[(KII rrpo HaJIBHiCTb TaKIIX MOHaCTIIpiB y XI1I-X1V KHJI3iBCTBa.

KoJIII

CT., T06TO

BOHII

.[(OKyMeHTaJibHIIX TBep.[(2KeHb TaK, JIKoro, BiH

me

6inJI 3a

c.

KociB

cnoBaMII

He

3.IJ:aBHa

cT.

3a

JIKIIX

06 CTaBIIH

HiJIKIIX

3HaH.[(eHO. icHyBaB

cTapo2KIIJiiB

B XVI-XVII

B rrepio.[( faJIIIl(hKO-BOJIIIHChKOro

BIIHIIKJIII

XIX

rrpaBocnaBHIIH cT.,

o6cnyroByBaB

XO.IJ:IIJIII

MOHaCTIIp, .IJ:O

2KIITeni

HaBKOJIIIIIIHi cena,

:1Ka6'ero. rraM'JITh

rrpo H:oro icHyBaHHJI 36epernacb y Ha3Bi MiChKoro KBapTany KocoBaM oHaCTIIpiiChKe. Bi.[(OMIIH raJIIIl(hKIIH

Kpa€3HaBel(b

li.

lliHaH.[(ep Ha OCHOBi .[(2KepeJI

3a3Ha'!a€, mo B IIe'!eHi2KIIHi me .[(0 BIIHIIKHeHHJI OCeJii icHyBaB rrpaBOCJiaBHIIH MOHaCTIIp, EinJI

KyTiB

B

C. TIO.[(iB, TaK02K ypo'IIIma,

IIi3Hiiiie CIIaJieHIIH TaTapaMII.

ypo'IIImi

TID.IJ:iB,

.[(e

3rO.IJ:OM

icHyBaB .[(aBHiH MOHaCTIIp,

JIKa 36epernacb .IJ:O

y

XVII

cT.

BIIHIIKJIO

rrpo mo CBi.[('IIITb Ha3Ba

rrepiiio1 rronoBIIHII

XVII

cT.


48

BoJtoiJuMup

IliiChMOBa

3ra,!(Ka

HhOMY II03HaqeHa B XVIII IIpii

cT.

OIIIICi

-

rrpo

cTapoBIIHHIIH

MOHaCTIIp

y

Eepe3oBi

1412 p., i rraM'JITh rrpo H:oro icHyBaHHJI rn:e 2KIIJia 1753

B

p.

rrpo

Hhoro

3ra,!(y€

u;epKOBHIIH

IIpiiiiYCTIITII,

II(O

l(i

MOHaCTIIpi

6yJIII

Ha

KHJI3iBCTBi, -

JlaBpiBChKIIH

IJepeMIIIIIJibll(IIHi.

MaJibOBHifqlfX 3 OKOJIIIU:h 3a

6iJihiii

(3

3aKaprraTTJI i

rrepiiii

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

III0,!(2Keperr Ta JiiTepaTypii

y

IIpii6yBaJIO

B

Crra-

JiiCIICTIIX 6araTO

JIIO,!(y

EyKoBIIHII. ,!(aHIIMII,

3acerreHHJI IIIIChMOBi

XpOHOJIOriqHQ

MOHaCTIIp

6y,!(yBaJIIICJI

KYJl:II

,!(OCTOBipHIIMII xpoHiKII

124-162)

C.

1999.

MOHaCTIIpi

II(e

faJIIIl(bKO-BOJIIIH-

Ha CaM6iprn:IIHi,

fyu;yJihll(IIHII,

IlpiiKaprraTTJI,

Cipe,!\2KyKa

faJIIIl(bKOl

TaKi

OKOJIIII(JIX

OCTaHHiMII,

IleTpa

Bi3IITaTop

3aCHOBaHi

KHJI2KIIH rrepio,!(, IIO,!(i6HO ,!(0 TIIX, JIKi icHyBaJIII IIpii

ca

HII2K-

MiCl(eBOl u;epKBII.

M02KHa

CbKOMY

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

IIO,!(aHIIMII

B CTaTTi

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII.

3ra,!(KII

rrpo

BII3HaqaiOTbCJI

JlnBiB,

cerra

MiCTa

Ha OCHOBi

B TaKOMY arr<j:>aBiTHOMY IIOpli,!\Ky:

rrep-

AKpiiiiiO-

pa (1607), Ea6IIH (1408), EaHJI-Eepe3iB (1638), EaHJI-CBipcbKa (1666), EapBiHKiB

(1717),

(1825),

EIIcTpeu;h

OcrraBII

(1558),

(1572),

EpycTypii

(1692),

Bel(h

Eerr3el(h

(1818), (1609),

(1729),

forroiiiiiHa

(1405),

fopo,!(

fpiiHhOBa) TIIH

(1554),

:1Ka6'€

(1819),

(1815),

(1876,

(1933),

KpacHIIK

(1859), KpacHo1rrrrJI

(1890), Jlo€Ba

KpiiBOIIiJIJIJI

(1556),

(1632, Jl:O (1375),

1663

-

MIIKYJIIIqiiH

Mo3orriBKa (1877),

(1895), (1643),

Jlyq p.

KociB

EoJip

(1412),

EypKyT

Ha

KocMaq

KpiiBOpiBHJI

Cerro),

MoHaCTIIpCbKe

Ha3Ba

M.

)l,eJIJI-

(1618)

)l,opa

Maropa),

3apiqqJI

BepxoBIIHII(IIHi),

1596 p. (1412),

lrrnu;i

3,!(BII2KIIH),

KoxaH

(1787),

(1825), KpiiBo6po,!(II

JliOqa

MaKCIIMel(h

(1753),

forroBII Eepe3iB

(rrepiiia

(1400),

(1654),

(1612),

Me2KIIpiqqJI

BIIro,!(a

(1500),

Ha3Ba -

(1649), KpiiBeHh

JliOTaBa

Bep6o-

fpiiHJIBa

(1450, Jl:O

(1564),

(1812), (1787),

fopiiiiHiH:

)l,eJIJITIIH

Eirri

EopiiciBKa

BopoxTa (1820),

)l,oBrorrirrrrJI

3erreHa

KopocTII

M.

C.

rrepiiia

Ko6aKII

(1783),

(1673),

(1822),

(1899),

(1822,

(1925),

KrriiMrryiiii

(1873),

Eepe2KHIIU:JI

(1855),

PiqKa

BII6paHiBKa

IloTiK

fpaMOTHe

3aMaropa

3rapii

(1745),

fopaH:

fyu;yrriBKa

)],3eM6poHJI

(1624),

(1610),

(1408),

(1770),

(1759),

(1628),

BopoHeHKO

(1852),

TaTapiB), Eirra

Eirro3opiiHa

EyKoBel(h

51ceHiB

(1895), BorroBa (1880),

p.

(1390),

(1669),

Eirro6epi3Ka

BepxHiH:

1673

(3

EIITKiB

M.

KyTII

(1715),

(1416),

JliOqKII

(1820),

(1650),

MIIKIITIIHU:i

Mixy,!(pa

(1644),

MocKarriBKa (1600),

BipHa (1595), HII2KHiH: Eepe3iB (1470), HoBIIH Icrrac

Ha,!(-

(HII2KHiH: Icrrac)


ImocmpoeaHa (1649), c.

icmopi5l

IIaciqHa

IlpuKapnammR.

(Ha

1846

( Marriii1:

1593),

Po2KIIH,

p.-

(1427),

PII6He

C oKiJihChKIIH

(1758),

IlepexpecHe

lliiiKMaHII),

15 9 3),

Po2KIIH,

(1408),

Po2KHiB

(1633),

IJpoKypaBa

(1810),

PiBHJI

PiqKa

Po2KeH

(1692),

XoMiHChKIIH

(1500),

Po3TOKII

Po(Be-

Cepe):(Hii1:

(1836), Crro6i):(Ka (1643), Crryrrei1:Ka (1692), CMO):(He (1692),

Eepe3iB

(1855),

CHi):(aBKa

CoKorroBIIU:JI

CoKorriBKa

(1900),

(1427),

(rrepBIIHHa

(1433),

Crrac

(1740),

CTe6He

porrii (1367), M. YToporrii

(1691),

Xopou;eBe

Ha3Ba

CTapiii1:

-

(1630),

CoKorriB)

KociB

(1825),

CToBrrHi

TeKyqa (1626), Tpaq (1784), TIO):(iB

(1318),

CTapi

(1416),

CTorrqaTiB

(1593), YcTepiKII (1623), c.

YTo-

(1524), <l>epecKyrrJI (1736), XiMqiiH (1592),

qepqaHiBKa

(rrepBicHa

Ha3Ba

(1644),

qepiiHiBKa)

(1889), qepHIIK (1855), qopHa PiqKa (1908), qopHi Ocrra-

qepeTiB

(1558),

BII

1612),

IIicTIIHh (1750), IlHiB (1420), IIorrJIHIIU:JI (1820),

(1788, ):(0

(1832),

Pa<j:>ai1:rroBa

KyTII

49

(1704), IIorriBKa (1572), IIocTOJITa (1848), Ilpiiqirr (1819),

IJpo6ii1:HiBKa

JIIIKIIH

3

Ha):(BipHJIHII(IIHi,

IIicTIIHh (1416), M.

IIorrJIHKII

2KeH

ToM

(1427),

qOpHIIH

lliii6eHe

Crro6o):(a

3a

(1624),

IloTiK

(1863),

(1643),

MIIKYJIIIqiiHOM)

(1601),

llieBeJiiBKa

(1855), 516rryHIIl(JI

lliiiiiiT

516rryHIIU:JI

(Ha

llieiiiOpii

(rrepBiCHa Ha3Ba BepxoBIIHII(IIHi,

1717), 516rryHiB (1593), 5J:BOpHIIK (1863), 5J:BopiB (1692), 5J:MHa (1618), 51peMqe

(1787).

2. IIoxO)J,.IKeuuH ua3B uaceJieuux nyuKTiB )l,ocJii):(2KeHHJI rrpo6rreMa p03B'JI3aTII

IIOX0):(2KeHHJI

Ha):(TO

CKJia):(Ha.

CIIiJihHOIO KOIIiTKOIO

Jii):(HIIKiB- iCTOpiiKiB, Hapo):(i

Y

Ha3B IJ,e

icHy€

JiiHrBiCTiB, 6araTo

HaCeJieHIIX

l(iKaBe rrpal(eiO,

i

IIYHKTiB

Ba2KJIIIBe CIIiJihHIIMII

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

IIIITaHHJI

M02KHa

3YCIIJIJIJIMII ):(OC-

eTH 0 rp a<j:>iB.

rrereH):(,

orroBi):(aHh,

rrepeKa3iB

rrpo

rroxo-

):(2KeHHJI Ha3BII Taro qlf iHIIIoro HacerreHoro rryHKTY, JIKi rrepe):(aiOThCJI 3 IIOKOJiiHHJI ):(2KeHHJI

B IIOKOJiiHHJI.

0):(HaK

l(i

rrepeKa3II BIIMaraiOTb

IIi):(TBep-

iCTOpiiqHifMII ):(aHIIMII.

IJpo ):(eJIKi Ha3BII ciJI i MiCT fyu;yJihll(IIHII MII ):(i3Ha€MOCJI, BHIIKaiOqlf

B

iCTO piiqHi

KpiiTOpil, Kociu, Ha3B,

rrpiipO!J:Y,

CTapi II(O

Ta

KyTII

eKOHOMiqHi perrh€<j:> cBi):(qaTh

3a3HaqaiOTb

JIKYCh

YMOBII

Tom a. rrpo

lX

BIIHIIKHeHHJI,

Kpa€3HaBqi

i€papxiqHe

IIpiiKMeTy,

Ha3BII

cTaHOBIIII(e

BJiaCTIIBY

Till

xapaKTep CTapiii1: ocerri. ocerri,

)l,o JIKa


BoJtoiJuMup

H

BiJl:pi3HJI€

Bi!l:

)l,oBrorrirrrrJI, KyTH, HHM,

Fpa 6oeeu, bJW i1

iHIIIHX,

KpHBel(h,

Harre2KaTh

KpHBopiBHJI,

IlepexpecHe, 51MHa. IlepexpecHarrpHKJia,!(,

TaiiiOBaHe

Ha

Ha3BaHo cerro,

rrepexpecTi

po3ll(O

Jl:Opir,

3'€Jl:HYIOTh KpacHo1rrrrJI, forroBH i )l,oBrorrirrrrJI.

cerra

3

TepHTopiarrhHOIO

Kpa€3HaBqoiO 03HaKoiO Jla3H,

JliOqKH,

IIrrocKa, ACT b

qopHa,

rriB,

IIorrJIHKa,

CTopoHel(h,

JlyrH,

a6o

3erreHa, Jlyr, Po3TOKH,

KpacHoropa,

YcTepiKH,

YcTh-IlyTH-

qopHa THea, Jlo3ell(aHa.

3HaqHiH KiJihKOCTi Ha3B cirr fyu;yrrhll(HHH

xapaKTepHi

HaKH -

PiqKa,

YcTepiKH, 06KJtaiJuHJw

M.

npoi]Jecopa B

5lKii1

HayKoee noxoiJJ~CeHH5l

Cifl

IJeqeHirH p.

I3Bop,

KopiJy6u,

iJaembc5l

IloTiK,

n05lCHeHH5l

THea,

HU3B

)l,o

Micm

Fyu,yflbllJ,UHU

-

IJeqeHi2KHH,

)l,HXTHHel(h -

KOIO

TeKyqa,

6pmuypu

IlyTHJIH,

3ra,!(y€TbCJI

10.

IIi,!(KpeCJIIO€

Bi!l:

0.

Po3TOKH, JliOqKH,

MoKpa,

Ili,!(rrrreca,

EirrHH:

EHcTpeu;h,

qopHa

M02KHa

Bi,!(

rax

BOHH

BHHHKJIH.

JIKHX

OcrraBKH -

,!(OKyMeHTaX MiCl(eBe

B

II Ti,

Bi,!(HeCTH

Ha3BY

KaprreHKO,

lliHrriT,

qopHa,

Eirra THea. HHX

Eirri

PiKa )l,HXTHHel(h,

B

IloTiK,

EHcTpeu;h, YcTh

03-

3apiqqJI,

qopHHH

OTpHMaJIH

p.

)l,HXTHHel(h.

ri,!(porpa<j:>iqHi

Me2KHpiqqJI,

piqoK,

i

mo

1783

HaCeJieHHJI

Bi,!(

qopHi

3

piqKH

OcrraBH,

€ rriBoiO p.

ll(O

Ha 6epe-

rrpHTO-

HeiO,

IIOB'JI3Y€

JIK

Ha3BY

ocerri. Ha3Ba p. Cerr€THH Ha EyKoBHHi Morrra ,!(aTH Ha3BY c. Cerr€THH, 3

ycix

6oKiB

,!(OJIHHY, ,!(e qHMaJIO

oToqeHoMy

rrpoTiKarra Ha3B

ropaMH.

piqKa,

Ilepiiii

3pyqHHM

Bi,!(o6pa2KaiOTb

03HaKH

H:oro

Micu;eM

rrocerreHu;i

BBa2KaJIH

rrocerreHHJI.

pOCJIHHHOrO

CBiTy,

<j:>rropH

516rroHKa, 516rryHHl(JI, 51ceHiB fopiiiiHiH:, Bep6oBel(h, 51BopiB, JiorryiiiaHKa,

KociB,

Eepe3iB,

EapBiHKOBa,

Eirro6epi3Ka,

KHcerrHu;i,

516rryHHl(JI,

IlHiB, KEacH, 51cHHJI. Ha3Ba c. KpacHo1rrrrJI, 6e3CYMHiBHO, rroB'JI3aHa 3 JIJIHHOBHM ,!(epeBoM, JIKe qacTo 3YCTpiqa€ThCJI Ha fyu;yrrhll(HHi. A.

IleT-

pyiiieBHq HarrpHKiHu;i XIX cT. ,!(aB TaKe rroJicHeHHJI: ,KpacHoHrra (KpacHa-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

errn)". )l,eJIKi .IJ:OCJii.IJ:HIIKII BBa2KaJIII: B cepe.IJ:IIHi XIX

cT.

Hol'rrrrJI

JIJIIIHII

qoro

CTOB6yp

rriiiirra

rriHrBicT

CTOJIB y c.

Ha3Ba

E.

B.

Kpac-

BrryqHo

3ayBa2Ky€,

mo

3BII

rrpaBIIJihHa,

TO

Bill:

CTOB6ypa

cerra

IIiiiiJia

He

Bill:

JlnBiBChKIItt

Ko 6IIJIJIH ChKIItt JIKm 0

me

( €Jib-lJib),

cerra.

eTIIMOJIOriJI

O.IJ:HOrO

51

3

ToM

Ha-

Ha3Ba

cerra ,irri",

JIKIIH BIICTOJIB 260 poKiB, a Bill: ,KpacHOrO

(rapHoro)

cepe.IJ:

JIKoro

TO.IJ:i

cerry

COCHa

JIJIIIHa

.IJ:O

2KIIBe

cerriima 3

a

KoHJITIIH. M02Ke

qOpHoropoiO, rOBOpeHO

CIICTeMII,

CbKa

TepiiTOpiJI

BorromiiHII, IIIorrpaB.IJ:a,

I.

i

Ha3BaMII

3 TIIX

JIK

3aMiCTb

Ta

l(IIX

CBi-

,)l,y2Ke

Haiiiitt

lie

Ha3Ba MOBi

)],3eM6paHi

6yJIII

HOCOBi

rri.IJ:

3BYKII

BIIHIIKJIO

.IJ:Y2Ke

CY.IJ:IITII rrpo

He

rrpo

JIK

HaMaraiOThCJI

Ta

3a 0 3HaKaMII piq-

IIOJICHIO€TbCJI

TIIM,

rip-

pi3HOMaHiTHOIO

rrpo

qac

MiCl(eBe,

3aHeCeHHJI

3

iHIIIIIX

.IJ:OBeCTII

)l,eJIKi

3

l(IIX

IIOXO.IJ:2KeHHJI

KorroHi3au;i€IO.

HaM

2Ke

lX

BIIHIIK-

CJIOB'JIHCbKe, KpalH

.IJ:eJIKi

3 iHo3eMHIIMII Ha3BaMII

iH.).

mo

piqoK.

Ba2KKO

pyMyHChKOro

pyMyHChKOIO

:1Ka6'€

Bi.IJ:3Haqa€TbCJI

3YCTpiqaiOThCJI cerra i llieiiiOpii

TBapiiHHIIM

Kpiirr'JIKeBIIq rri.IJ:KpecrriOc

OC eJib

TBapiiH.

fyu;yrrnmiiHII

a

306-

)],3eM-

y

KiJihKiCTIO

Ha3B,

Ha JIKitt

,3y6p".

fyu;yrrnmiiHII

cirr

IIi.IJ:TBep-

CrryrrettKII,

ycix

Hatt6iJihiiie

BeJIIIKOIO

Kpiiii'JIKeBIIqa,

JIIIIIIHhOIO

qaciB,

i3

TaK02K

lrrhl(JI,

II.

cerriima,

lie

BiBIJ;i.

IIOB'JI3aHi

3

pOCJIIIH

Ta

:1Ka6'€,

Hatt.IJ:aBHiiiia

OBeqiiX OTap.

rreqaTKOIO

IIaCTYX

OCeJib

YropmiiHII,

EpycTypiB, II.

-

5fceHiB

(1848 p.)

FopiumiU

BOHII .IJ:aiOTb rrpaBO TBep.IJ:IITII

IIOXO.IJ:2KeHHJI

pii,

HIIM

<j:> aKTII,

KOBOl

nelfamKa Cella

.IJ:e

CTapOBIIHHOIO

,3eM6p"

arre

JiiCOM,

IIpo<j:>ecop I.

me

51K CBi.IJ:qaTb

pOCJIIIHHiCTIO

fopiiiiHitt

CoKorriBKa,

6poHJI,

3a

FpoMaiJcbKa cYU,Y!lbCbKOcO

ryl(yJihChKIIX

.IJ:aBHJI,

HeHHJI,

a

3aTIIIIIHY 3IIMiBJIIO .IJ:JIJI

IIi.IJ:

KociB,

-

400,

.IJ:O

JICeHOBIIM

30KpeMa,

JICeH,

Ha3BII TOM

HaC

51ceHiB

3HaXO.IJ:IIJIII

.IJ:2KY€TbCJI, pa2KeHi

y

1200 JiiT.

IIOB'JI3Y€TbCJI IIaCTYXII

rro-

cerro.

260, a Ha6araTo 6irrhiiie

He

poKiB;

Ha3Ba

JIJIIIHOBoro rricy,

po3TaiiiyBarrocJI

Ha3B,

BqeHi.

(AKpeiiioHa

IIOB'JI3aHi 3.IJ:a€ThCJI,

.IJ:YMKY 3 mo

KOu;i


52

BoJtoiJuMup

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

T •

3aca!lbHUU

Ha3BII CKOpiiiie OJIOriqHi

JlelfeHi:JICUHa.

1908 p.

CeimJtuHa

3a3HaJIII piiMChKIIX BIIJIIIBiB,

rrpo

II(O CBi.IJ:qaTb apxe-

.IJ:aHi.

Ha3Ba TOT02KHe -

BU2Jl5liJ

'

c.

PyHrypii

rroxo.IJ:IITh

cnoB'JIHChKOMY

Bi.IJ: naTIIHChKoro

IIaciqHa,

a

qepTe2K,

cnoBa

IIIrrcare,

Tepe6i2K

mo

(Tepe6oBJIJI)

Bi.IJ: IIOJibChKOrO ,rropeM6HJI", T06TO IIOCeJieHHJI Ha Micuj BIIKopqy-

BaHoro

nicy.

HaM 3.IJ:a€ThCJI, mo Ha.IJ:TO crrpomeHIIM e TBep.IJ:2KeHHJI, mo IJeqeHi2KIIH i TaTapiB

,BKa3yJOTh Ha oceni

IJeqeHiriB

i

TaTap".

Ilpo<j:>ecop

M. Kop.IJ:y6a 3a3Haqae: Ha3Ba IJeqeHi2KIIH rroxo.IJ:IITh Bi.IJ: iMeHi IJeqeHira, C.

TaTapiB

Bi.IJ:

OCiJioro

TaTapCbKOrO

IIJieMeHi.

Ill,O.IJ:O

IJeqeHi2KIIH, TO .IJ:OCJii.IJ:HIIKII ll IIOJICHIOIOTb IIO-pi3HOMy.

H.

Kpae3HaBel(h

lliHail.IJ:ep BIIJIBIIB y

Ha3BII

faJIIIl(bKIIH

1893 p. ,MeMyapHi .IJ:OKyMeHTII".

Y HIIX 3a<j:>iKCOBaHO, II(O IJeqeHi2KIIH, 3ri.IJ:HO 3 p03IIOBi.IJ:JIMII CTapiiX MeiiiKaHl(iB

i

rpO.IJ:CbKIIX

aKTiB,

6epe

rreqeHiriB, JIKi TYT 6JIII3bKO 370 p. ,IJ:ocni.IJ:HIIK rreqeHiriB

,€

CTOpOHaX i

C.

B CaMOMY

Ha Haiiiy .IJ:YMKY, icHyBaJIO

EaBopoBChKIIH

6e3CYMHiBHIIM

ypoqiiii(e

CBiH

rroqaTOK

Bi.IJ: MaH.IJ:pyJOqlfX

3aKJiaJIII cepe.IJ: ryCTIIX JiiCiB Ta6ip. rri.IJ:KpecnJOe,

.IJ:OKa30M

mo

rrepe6yBaHHJI

KoqiBHe rreqeHiriB

rrneM'JI y

TIIX

IJeqeHi2KIIHi".

Ha3Ba IJeqeHi2KIIH ,IJo60HOBIIII(e",

IIOXO.IJ:IITh Bi.IJ: p. M02KJIIIBO,

MiCl(e

IJeqeHirii, .IJ:e 6IITBII

KIIlB-


ImocmpoeaHa CbKHX

icmopi5l

KHJI3iB

3

IlpuKapnammR.

rreqe-

HiraMH,

Bill:

rra rriTH

Ha3Ba piKH,

rroTiM

qoro

iitt't•,,. I Iff

t•

.,:. ";.t-•• ~~

Mor-

53

3

ToM

,..,...rn

f1f- rrt •

f-\." ~.t nt,.,

H f

·-·

~~ t""~M

11

a

ocerri.

Ilo):(i6He Morrro cTaTHCJI i

3 Ha3BOIO ocerri

TaTapiB. )J,eJIKi

Ha3BH

IIOXO):(JITb iMeH,

Bill:

cirr

BJiaCHHX

3):(e6irrhiiioro

IIpHKMeTHHKOBHM KiHqeHH51M

,HH",

3 3a-

,iB":

IloeiJuHoK Cerr€THH,

lOTh TH

EHTKiB

T.

MiHiamJOpa

):(.

3

pyculfa

3 iM'JIM KHJI3JI MHKYJIH, JIKOMY )J,aHHJIO

Y cepe):(HHi XVIII cT.

,rrocirricTb".

):(eKiJihKa 3rOJJ:OM

CTOp02KOBHX

HacerreHHM

TepHTopi€IO ChKi

Ti€1

BiHCbKa, lliKaBi

MY,

MiHepaJibHY

Ha3Ba c.

rrepeXO):(HJIH

Ha3BH

Ha

Ha3HBaJIH

fyl(yJihiiiHHi

03Haqa€

,6op"

qOpHHM

y

1739 p.

qacH

B KaprraTax

,KBaCHOIO

3aKpirrHrracJI

rrepe6yBarrH

i

EypKyT.

BO):(OIO ,

3a

pocitt-

pociHChKO-Typel(bKOl

KEacH

Bitt-

IIo-Micu:eBo-

Bill:

qoro

IIiiiiJia

fyu:yrrhiiiHHi.

TaKy

BO!J:Y

Ili3Hiiiie

Ha3HBaJIH

tt

,6ypKyT", ):(2Keperro,

,KyT"

Bill: l(horo

qepeMOIIIeM.

rro6y):(oBaHo

MocKarriBKa

B

BHHO

BHHHe a6o KBacHe ):(2Keperro. Ha):(

c.

):(e

3aKaprraTChKitt

A Ha faJIHl(hKitt yropcbKoro

TYT

;timonucy XIII em.

HHX

ryu:yrrhChKHX ocerrh

BO!J:Y

KEacH

Ha3Ba

KocoBa,

nelfeHicoM.

faJIHl(hKHH MaB rrepe):(a-

6yrro

cepe):(

rryHKTOM.

qacTHHH

IIIO

HH.

IIOCTiB,

3

KeHicc6epcbKOi!O

rriiiirra Ha3Ba ocerri

nypKyT

CTaB

IIIO

3

To6To EypKyT

IIIHpOKOBi):(OMOIO

3):(p aBHHl(eiO. IloMHJIKOBO BHChKa crrpaB):(i, JIH

1700 p. Ha3Ba

JIKHtt,

!J:O

Bill:

51peMqa,

,BopoxH, 3a

Ha3Ba

,BOpOXiB",

IIIJIJIXeTChKHX

3arrHcaHo:

rrepiiioro

IIIO

BopoxTa

3a rrepeKa3aMH,

BOHa IIOXO):(HTb

cerrJIHH

iMeHi

BBa2KaiOTh,

BopoxTa,

rrocerreHl(JI

T06TO ):(epeBa,

correBapeHh.

B

To6To !l:POBa !J:O

rrepeKa3aMH 51peMH

rroxo):(HTh

6yB !J:H3epTHpoM

O!J:HOMY

rrpi3Ha-

liKe ):(OCTaBJIJIi3

iHBeHTapiB

6aHi".

cTapo2KHJiiB, fo):(oBaHl(JI,

Bill: apMiL

Marra

rroxo):(HTH

cerrJIHHHa-yTiKaqa.

Bill:


54

BoJtoiJuMup

Fyu,yJtbCbKe

cello

EypKym

HaiJ

IJo-pi3HOMY IIOJICHIOIOTb BBa2KaiOTh, IIOXO.IJ:IITh, Hi6IITO

CJIOBa

BO.IJ:IIBCJI

Kociiqa,

JIKIItt

3Mil(HIITII Ha

3CIIJiaiOqlfCb Bi.IJ:

y

Ha

l(IIX

KpaJIX). CIO.IJ:II

cerriima

)l,eJIJITIIH

6II

B

IIOXO.IJ:IITII

rrpi3BIIII(e

Eoropo.IJ:qaHII, McTIIcrraBOBIIqa ropi 3aMoK. u;i,

JIKa

IliKaBa c.

IlHiB

Ma€TKOM

3a Ta

)l,aHIIrra

Bi.IJ:

IIOXO.IJ:IITh

Mi2K

Ha3Ba IITaX

0.IJ:Hi

,KociB"

y .IJ:aBHIIHY

rrpo

6oJipiiHa

farriiU:hKoro,

mo6

rrpi3BIIII(a

3aBorro.IJ:iB

rrepiiiiiX

iHIIIi,

3acHoBaHi

6oJipiiHa

qepeMoiiieM. IIOCeJieHl(iB

IIOCeJieHel(b IIOBIIHeH

3a

KHJI3IOBaHHJI

fpeMIIcrraBa,

KOTpiiH

PoMaHa

36y.IJ:yBaB

Ha3BaHo B qecTh

Ha

Eoropo.IJ:II-

6oJipCbKIIX .IJ:iTett.

BIIHIIKHeHHJI

IlHiBChKIIM

reorpa<j:>iqHoro

()l,irreTa).

rrereH.IJ:aMII,

BpJITyBaJia

Bi.IJ:

KaprraTaMII

JIK BBa2KaiOTb

)l,iJIJITa

ttoro

iCTOpiJI Ta

KyTII

KyTi

IIocerreHHJI rri.IJ: u;i€IO ropoiO

Hi6IITO

II(O

(u;ett

p03IIOBi.IJ:aiOTb

HaKa3oM

Ha3Ba

6paTiB )l,eJIJITIIHChKIIX, a6o, MaTH

IHIIIi

3a

fyu;yJihll(IIHII.

em.

KHJI3iBCTB.

po3TaiiiyBaHHJI

6yB

rrepeKa3II,

,qopHIIH .IJ:pi3.IJ:"

.IJ:OCJii.IJ:HIIKiB,

MaB

HapO.IJ:Hi

BU2!l5liJ. XIX

3aca!lbHUCi

IIOXO )l)KeHHJI Ha3B MiCT

,KOC

rrpii6yB

KOp.IJ:OHII

.IJ:YMKY

'lepeMoUJeM.

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

Ha3BII

3aMKOM.

IIIJIJIXeTChKIItt

Ha.IJ:BipHa.

HarrpiiKiHu;i pi.IJ:

BoRa

XV

KyporraTBiB.

3aMOK-<j:>OpTel(IO.

IIOB'JI3aHa

3

cT.

IlHiBChKIIM

)l,rrJI

3Miu;HeHHJI

CB0€1 BJia.IJ:II BOHII

rro6y.IJ:yBaJIII

II(O IIpiiJIJirarra .IJ:O

HhOrO, BiH CKJia.IJ:aB IIpiiBaTHOIIIJIJIXeTChKIIH .IJ:Bip, .IJ:e

Pa30M 3 TepiiTOpi€IO,


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

IIp02KIIBaJia

.IJ:BipCbKa

peMiCHIIKII,

.IJ:pi6Hi

MarHaTII

Ha3BY aKTaX

IIi.IJ:

COp I.

Ha.n:BipHa,

To6To

BII2KHIIl(li

O.IJ:Hi

Kpiirr'liKeBIIq

3

qacTIIHY

IIi.IJ:

.IJ:OXO.IJ:iB

MiCTeqKo,

liKe

1595 p. BoHO OTpiiMaJIO

IIi.IJ:

,Ha .IJ:Bopi".

Bi.IJ:

3.IJ:BII2KIIHa,

Bi.IJ: CJIOBa

rrpiirrycKae,

IIi.IJ:HeBiJihHi

36iJihiiieHHli

TepiiTOpil

3ra.IJ:y€TbCli

BIIBO.IJ:liTb

IIOCeJieHl(i,

MeTOIO

rroceneHHli

1500 p., iHIIIi -

II.

CJiyrii.

Bi.IJ:BeJIII

B IIIICbMOBIIX aKTaX

-

55

3

IIpii3aMKOBi

TOprOBl(i,

KyporraTBII

BIIepiiie Ha3BY

CJiy2K6a

ToM

,BII2KHill:"

IIIO u:e

liKe

3ra.IJ:y€TbCli

(BepXHiH).

B

IJpo<j:>e-

ceno 3HIIKJIO Ha KapTax.

4. IIoxo,lJ,LKeuuH ua3BH ,ryu;yJI" :/KO.IJ:Ha

Ha3Ba

rrpiirrymeHh,

eTHOCY

3.IJ:Ora.n:oK,

He liK

BIIKJIIIKaJia Ha3Ba

cepe.IJ:

,ryu;yn".

3

.IJ:OCJii.IJ:HIIKiB rrpiiBO.IJ:Y

CTiJihKII

u;noro

o.n:Ha

rpyrra iCTOpiiKiB, eTHOrpa<j:>iB, JiiHrBiCTiB .IJ:OBO.IJ:IIJia, II(O Ha3Ba ,ryu;yn" TIO pKCbKOrO, Ha

rroqaTKY

neBChKIIH

IIOJIOBel(bKOrO,

XIX cT.

rrepiiiiiH

po6IITb

qif ll Bi.IJ: IIOJIOBel(bKOrO riiiOTe3y

IIi.IJ:TpiiMaJIII

rreqeHi3bKOrO

rroJihChKIIH crrpo6y

CJIOBa

IIOliCHIITII

,KoqyBaTII"

IIOJibChKi

IIOXO.IJ:2KeHHli.

.IJ:BOpliHChKIIH

a6o

.IJ:OCJii.IJ:HIIKII

rry6niu;IIcT

Ha3BY

,ryu;yn",

,Koqyn".

JI.

K.

Mi-

BIIBO.IJ:li-

3rO.IJ:OM l(IO

foJieM6HOBChKIIH

Ta

10. Ko2KeHhOBChKIIH. TepMiH ,KoqyBaTII" 10. Ko2KeHhOBChKIIH rroB'li3aB

3

,rrepeKoqoByBaHHliM

IIo.n:innli B Cxi.n:Hi ,Kou;yn",

E. B.

KaprraTII.

,rou;yn",

HaceneHHli CnoBo

,ryu;yn".

TaKi

B

rrepio.n:

Harra.n:y

TaTap

3

,Koqyn" BiH .IJ:OBiJihHO 3MiHJO€ Ha rrolicHeHHli

yKpai"HChKIIH

niHrBicT

Ko6IIJiliHChKIIH BBa2Kae .IJ:OBiJihHIIMII, Hapo.n:HoeTIIMonoriqHIIMII.

faJIIIU:hKIIH IIIIChMeHHIIK i BqeHIIH cepe.IJ:IIHII X IX cT. I BaH B ariiJieBIIq, O.IJ:IIH Hli,

i3

rrepiiiiiX .IJ:OCJii.IJ:HIIKiB

IIi.IJ:KpeCJIJOJOqlf

MipKyBaHHli CBOlM

BiH

fyu;yJihll(IIHII,

BIIIIa.IJ:KOBY

CX02KiCTb

MOTIIByBaB TIIM,

,o<j:>opMJieHHliM"

3arrepeqiiB 3ByqaHHli

l(i

l(IIX

II(O CJIOBa ,KoqyBaTII"

qy2Ki yKpalHChKiH

MOBi.

TBep.IJ:2KeHCJiiB.

i

BIIq

TBep.IJ:IITh,

KHli3iB

i

II(O

rrpe.IJ:KaMII

IIJieMeHi

rroceJIIIJIIICh

ryu;yniB

KoqiBHIIKiB, y

6yJIII

liKi

IIOTOMKII

CTaJIII

3a

0rriipaJOqlfCb Ha .n:e-

liKi T!OpKChKi neKciiqHi eneMeHTII B ryu;ynhChKOMY roBopi, I.

TIO pKCbKOrO

CBOl

,Koqyn"

Bariine-

CTapO.IJ:aBHhOrO

IIi.IJ:.IJ:aHIIMII

raJIIIl(bKIIX

KaprraTax.

Ha H:oro .IJ:YMKY, u:e 6ynii, M02KJIIIBO, rronoBu;i, rreqeHirii, Y3IITOpKII, mo

rrepexo.n:IIJIII

ryu;yJIII, .IJ:liTb

Bi.IJ:

liKi

.n:o

2KIIJIII

B

CTapO.IJ:aBHiX

)l:Hirrpa faJIIIl(hKiH yu;iB-y3iB.

IlpyTy.

I.

BariiJieBIIq

nyKOBIIHChKiH

BBa2Kae,

fyu;yJihll(IIHi,

mo

IIOXO-


56

BoJtoiJuMup

firroTe3y

IBaHa

BanureBIIqa

rrpo

TIOpKebKe

errpiiHHJIB Bi!J:OMIIH 6yKoBIIHehKIIH rroeT IOpiH: JIIIeh,

-

IIIIeaB

BiH

y

BeTyrri ,[(0

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

rroxo,[(2KeHHJI <l>e):(hKOBIIq.

eBOel ):(paMII

ryrryniB

,Ilepeee-

,)l:oB6yiii" , -

qeeHIIH

qifTaTeJIIO, Ha KpiiJiaX <j:>aHTa3il y Ti 2KaeHi BpeMeHa BaH):(piBKII Hapo):(iB, KOJIII ,[(IIKi Op):(II, HeHaqe OrHeHHi piKII, 3 A3il B €Bporry BaJIIOTbeJI. -

Ilepiiii H!J:YTh fyHII, 3a HIIMII 06pii, 3a HIIMII Ma):(Jipii, 3a HIIMII

IleqeHirii,

a

3a

eiiMII

,YIIYJIII" 3BaHi. -

oKono

1037,

poKy

Yrrii,

MoronaMII

rrpoeTo

Ane H ei MyeJI OKOJIO poKy 1078 eBOlM IIJieMiHHII-

KaM KyMaHoM (IIonoBIIJIM) yeTyrriiTIIeh, MeqyTheJI B KaprraTII BIIroHJI Bi):(TII

TaM02KHIIX

fyHaMII

a6o

MeiiiKaHIIiB,

06paMII

eiO,[(a

MaT6yTII 6yJIII

AHTiB-CJiaB'JIH,

IIOBTiKaJIII,

eeJIJieb

IIIO y

rrepe):(

rOJIOBIIIIh

IlpyTy, qepeMoiiiy, TIIeii i CoqaBII, i MeiiiKaiOTh TYT !J:O enoro):(HiiiiHhOl ,[(HIIHII IIi):( Ha3BOB E. B.

,ryrrynii".

Ko6IIJIJIHehKIIH errpaBe):(JIIIBO 3ayBa2Kye, IIIO I. BariiJieBIIq, a i 10.

eJii):(OM 3a HIIM

<l>e):(bKOBifq

,HeKpiiTifqHo eTaBJIJITb y 6e3IIOee-

pe):(HiH reHeTIIqHIIH 3B'JI3oK" Bee HaeeneHHJI Cxi):(HIIX KaprraT 3 Tiero qlf

iHIIIOIO

Op):(OIO

KoqiBHIIKiB.

3a Ha):(yMaHoro Teopiero

0.

MopreH6eeeepa, rronhebKoro ):(OeJii):(HII-

Ka, rrieJIJI 3arap6aHHJI faJIIIIIhKoro KHJI3iBeTBa Ka3IIMIIpoM III rriB):(eHHa qaeTIIHa faJIIIIIhKOl Pyei o6e3JIIO):(Hina. IIOJIOBIIiB

(KyMaHiB)

ropii TaM, ):(e

rrepe):( HaeTyiiOM

PyeiiHII 3 peiiiTKaMII po36IITIIX MOHrOJiiB MaJIII

po3TaiiioBaHe ,IJ:oBrorriJIJIJI.

CaMe

TYT,

HaMip 3aeeJIIITII Ha H:oro !J:YMKY,

eTBOpiiJiaeb HOB a ,pyebKa eTHiqHa rpyrra, rrepeMiiiiaHa 3 KyMaHebKOIO ", T06TO ryrryJIII.

3Bi):(eii Hi6IITO IIiiiiJia IIJI Ha3Ba, 60 ,KyMaHIIi" Ha3IIBa-

JIIIeJI IIIe ,yrraMII". ,IJ:ani MopreH6eeeep rroJieHroBaB, IIIO ,yen" 3 rrpii,[(IIXOM ,r" i BOJIOebKIIM BIIeJIOBOM BIIMOBJIJI€TbeJI JIK ,ryrrynn", Ha3BY,

3aii03IfqeHy y BOJIOXiB,

IIoeiinaroqiieh ):(iHIIIOB

Ha

a6eyp):(HOrO

IIpiiHHJIJIII eyei):(II.

oeo6JIIIBY BIIeHOBKy:

qifeTIIX eJIOB' JIH... Tp e6 a

eTHorpa<j:>iro

ryrryniB,

,Pi):(

He

BBa2Ka TII

ryrryniB

MopreH6eeeep

M02KHa

BBa2KaTII

3a

3a IIOTOMKiB TIIpaHebKOl paeii,

3a

KoqiBHIIKiB-a3iaTiB". KoHrrerrrriJI 0. MopreH6eeeepa, JIK 6aqiiMO, 3BO!J:IITheJI !J:O ,paeoBoro",

,a3iaTebKoro"

rroxo,[(2KeHHJI

ryrryniB.

PaeoBi Teopil rrpiiBepHyJIII yBary rronhebKoro ):(OeJii):(HIIKa B. JIKIIH,

Bi):(3Haqaroqlf

IIOeTiHHe

rrepeeyBaHHJI

ryrryniB

Ha

IIonJI,

KOHJIX,

rri.n:-

Kpe eJIIO €, IIIO BOHII IIpiiHIIIJIII 3 ,[(aJieKIIX eTeiiOBIIX OKOJIIIIIh. , To Bee, IIIIIIIe

B.

II OJih,-

BKa3ye

Ha !J:OBre

KoqoBe

2KIITTJI Taro

po):(y

B


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

MliHYJIOMY

.[(liBHO

.IJ:Y€

MaH.[(py!Oqlix

IlpuKapnammR.

57

3

ToM

HaraJIIO.[(eH

Ha CXO.[(i, y JIKliX HOpMaJibHliM

CTaHOM

6pO.[(JI2K-

Hlil(TBO Bi.[(OMliH pa<j:>iqHoro

aBTOp

eTHOr-

HapliCY

,ITo-

KYTTJI", rroJihChKliH eTHorpa<j:>

0.

<j:>OJibKJIOpliCT

Konn6epr, po3rJIJI.[(a!O-

qli IIliTaHHJI 3aCeJieHHJI fyU:YJihll(liHli,

TBep.[(liTh:

, ... HaceneHHJI Ha II OKYTTi l(e

3aJiliiiiKli

KoqoBHX

op.n:,

rri3Hiiiie

rrpHIIIeJihU:iB II(liHli,

JIKi

pi3HliX

a 3

Bono-

Fyu,yll

<YU,Y!lKa.

B Ha3Bax rip,

1794 p.

Fpae10pa

E.

3 KHUi!U

TaKe

KOTJIOBliH, ripCbKliX IIOJIOHliH i T . .[(. JiliiiiliJili CJii.[(li CBOrO rro6yTy. pyChKliM rpyrry

HaCeJieHHJIM,

rri.n: Ha3BOIO

,3-Ha.n: BonrH",

BOHli

CTBOpliJili

,ryu;ynH".

Ha .IJ:YMKY

BliTliCHeHi op.n:aMH

3MiiiiaBIIIliCb IIOCTYIIOBO 3

B ropax aBTopa,

rreqeHiriB,

CBOIO u:e

eTHOrpa<j:>iqHy

6ynH

KoqiBHliKli

y3iB.

C. BliTBliU:hKliH rrpHrrycKae KiJihKa rirroTe3 rroxo.n:2KeHHJI Ha3Bli ,ryu;yn".

IT e piiiy

aBTOp

BeJIHKOl MopaBil

C.

BliTBliU:hKliH, -

A

6yB

KHJI3h

BeJIHKOl

3

iMeHeM

fel(liJia

,HaH:6iJihiii

CliHOM

IIpaBHJili

PocTHCJiaBa,

pou;i JIK B rriBHiqHiH:, TaK i

6paToM

.n:ep2KaBa

JIKoro

B rriB.IJ:eHHiH:

BliBO.[(liTb

€pMaHapHKa

l(IO

Ha3BY

Teo.n:opHKa,

roTaM.

,Mo2KHa

ryu;yna,

JIK

Bi.[( ropyJiiB-ryHiB, HacTyrrHHKa

TaKo2K,

rypaniB,

rri.n:KpecJIIO€

JIKi

OT2Ke,

3'JIBJIJIIOTbCJI

Ha6JIH2KeHoro

3aceJIJIIOTh

Ha

CBiTOBY

.n:o

apeHy

C.

JIKi

ATTliJili,

C.

IIHIIIe

y.n:inhHoro

rroiiiHpHnacJI

KHJI3JI B

864

Blipa3y ,ryu;ynH".

BliTBliU:hKoro, KOJili B rrepiO.[(

IIaHyBaHHJI

.n:orroMaraJIH

cxi.IJ:HliM

BliTBliU:hKliH,

HaHBliii(i

ropu;iB HaiiiliX CXi.[(HliX, BliBO.[(liTli Bi.[( CJIOBa: panh",

KHJI3JI

MopaBil'".

3oBciM IIITyqHo!O Bli.IJ:a€ThCJI apryMeHTau;iJI BiH

6 pa TOM

rrpaB.n:orro.n:i6Ho,

M02KHa BliBO.IJ:liTli Ha3BY ryu;yna Bi.IJ: iMeHi feu;Hna.

feu;Hno

MopaBil

IIOB 'JI3Y€

PocTHCJiaBa.

Bepxli

,ropyn",

,ropyni",

Ha3BY

KaprraT

,ropaJib",

,repyni",

a6o ,ryTO.[(i


58

BoJtoiJuMup

IHIIIa rpyrra BqeHIIX ,!l;OTpiiMY€TbCJI ,n:yMKII, Bi,n:

,!l;IITb III OK".

MOJI,IJ:aBCbKOrO

IlepiiiiiM

l(IO

CJIOBa

,rou;",

riiiOTe3y

IIIO Ha3Ba

,ryu;"

,ryu;yn"

,po36iilHIIK",

J!.

BIICYHYB

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

fonoBal(hKIIH.

IIOXO,orrpii-

Ha

H:oro

,n:yMKY, TaKa Ha3Ba 3aKpiiiiiJiaCJI 3a l(IIM HapO,!l;OM TOMY, IIIO 3,IJ:e6iJihiiiOro KaprraTChKi ropJIHII

3aHMaJIIICJI OIIpiiiiiKiBCTBOM.

KII M.

Kany2KHJIHChKIIH, I. OroHOBChKIIH Ta iHIIIi ,n:oT-

Ka3aHOBIIq, €.

Ili3Hiiiii ,!l;OCJii,IJ:HII-

I.

piiMYJOThCJI u;i€1 2K He3arrepeqHo rroMIIJIKOBOl rirroTe3II. KeBifq

TaK02K

CXIIJIJIBCJI

IIOXO,IJ:2KeHHJI: rreBHO,

rol(

3

qopHoropii

iHIIIi

raJIIIl(hKIIH

J!.

BIIxi,n:u;i

,n:icTaTII

B.

3BaTII

B OJIO,IJ:IIMIIp

BBa2Ka!O qlf,

3 faniiqiiHII,

Ha3BY

IIIO

JieHHJI

IIIO

fyu;ynhiiiiiHII

Ha

fHa TIO K

MiCl(eM

fHaTJOKa,

ocHoBi

3

IloKyTTJI

MiCl(eBIIM

,ryu;yn"

Ta

OT2Ke,

TepMiH

,ryu;yn"

, TaKIIM

qifHOM,

rreBHIIX

<j:>aKTiB

qacTIIHII ceJIIIJiacb

aHani3y

I xoq

IIOXi,IJ:HIIM

E.

JIKa TYT H:

3arOHII,

Mon,n:aBil, oqoJIJOBaJIII

,Bi,n: Taro l(iJie IIJieM'JI

ryu;ynhChKo-rroKyTcbKoro OpiiriHaJibHY riiiOTe3y yKpalHCbKOrO

Ta TiBepu;i,

)J:ocJii,IJ:HIIK

Bi,n:

i

JIKi

,!l;OXO,!l;IITb

CeMaHTifqHo

,yJIIIq-ynyq",

Ko 6IIJIJIHChKIIH, ,n:ae

rri,n:cTaBII

KaprraT

3aTpiiManacb

3

l(e a6o

rriB,n:HJI aCIIMi-

BIICHOBKy:

36iraJOTbCJI

i,

,yJIIIl(-yJiyl(". 3icTaBJieHHJI

TBep,n:IITII,

,n:aJieKi

rri3Hiiiie

Hace-

IIIO

IIOTOMKII

qacTKOBO

ryTiEl

rrepe-

Mon,n:aBil".

rirroTe3II ,n:aneKo BqeHi

yniiqi

B.

apxeonoril

Cxi,n:HIIX

BoJIOIIIIIHII

IlepeniqeHi rrpiiBo,n:y.

rri,n:TpiiMyBaB

rrepeceJIIIJIIICh Ha rriBHiq

eTIIMOJIOriqo

3a3Haqae icTopil

yniiqiB,

6ynii

rrepio,n:II

HaCeJieHHJIM.

,yJIIIq

HaCeJieHHJI

3

3-IIi,n:

OIIpiiiiiKiB 6yna TepiiTO-

IIiB,n:eHHO -CTapopyChKOrO

B pi3Hi

Ha3BII

U:YJihChKe

BepXOBIIHl(iB

,ryu;yn".

rrpe,n:KaMII

Ha,n:,n:HirrpJIHIIIIIHII JIJOBaJIIICb

,TaK,

KaprraTChKIIX

OIIpiiiiiKiBChKi

YropiiiiiHII,

0CHOBHIIM

Ko6IIJIJIHChKIIH

Te,

yn".

3BaJIII

,n:iaJieKTY Ta iCTOpiiqHifX ,n:aHIIX BIICYHYB ,!l;OCIITb rrpo

II. Kpiirr'JIPYMYHChKoro

OKiHqeHHJI

rroqaJIII

cyci,n:II

pili fyu;yJihiiiiiHII, TOMY, Ha ,n:yMKY B.

E.

,ryu;yn"

BOJIOXII

e TH 0 rp a<j:>

fOJIOBal(bKOrO,

3a IIOXO,IJ:2KeHHJIM.

MOrJIO

Ha3Ba

,n:ocni,n:HIIK,

qacoM

Bxo,n:IIJIII

ryl(yJIII

IIIO

ryu;ynaMII

Bi,n:OMIIH riiiOTe3y

,n:yMKII,

po36IIIIIaKa

rrpiirrycKae

orrpiiiiiKiB,

Ky,n:II

, ... i3

,!1;0

He

BIIqeprryJOTh

ycix ,n:yMoK

3

l(horo

3aTpaTIIJIII 6araTo 3YCIIJih y ,n:ocni,n:2KeHHi ,n:aHo-

ro IIIITaHHJI, 2KO,n:Ha 3 icHyJOqiix Ha cnoro,n:Hi TeopiH: He Mae rrepeKoHJIIIBIIX

apryMeHTiB.

BceCTOpOHHhO BifBqaJOqlf H aHaJii3yJOqlf KOHKpeTHi iCTOpiiqHi <j:>aKTII, MII, B CBOIO qepry, ,n:iHIIIJIII IIeBHOrO BIICHOBKy.

0cKiJihKII Ha TepiiTO-


ImocmpoeaHa icmopi5l

PiKa pil fyu;yJihll(IIHII

'lepeMoUJ

He

6ifl5l

BIIJIBJieHO

59

ToM 3

IlpuKapnammR.

T10iJoea.

CeimfluHa

JKO.[(HIIX .[(aHIIX rrpo

OCeJii

rrepBiCH006-

II(IIHHOrO na.[(y KIIlBChKOl Pyci Ta faJIIIU:hKO- B OJIIIHChKoro KHJI3iBCTBa, TO

KOHKpeTHO

TBep.[(IITII

rrpo

,ryu;yn" HeMa€

IIi.[(CTaB.

u;ec

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

3aceneHHJI

rreperJIJI.IJ:

aKTOBoro

U:YJihll(IIHa"

me

iCTOpiiqHifX

.[(OKyMeHTaX

rrpo ryu;yniB, qacTiiiie

ryu;yniB

Ma6yTh,

-

cT.

B

icHyBaJIII.

mo

TinhKII

3

CaMOl

cT.

fyu;yn,

,ryu;yn",

IIOO.[(IIHOKi

.IJ:OKyMeHTax

KaprraT.

i,

BJKe

ToMy

JIBHO

Ha

H.[(eThCJI

Hiqoro

JKIITeJiiB

rro

KaprraTax,

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

rro6yTyBaJIII

.[(OKyMeHTaX.

He

He3HaHHJI

IOTb .[(eJIKi TOpil,

3ra.[(ye

,crrpaBJKHiMII

TaK, JIK TO.[(i

qepe3

He

3ra.[(aTII

TaKy

KOJIOpiiTHY

iCTOpiiKII), .[(OCJii.[(HIIK, Mir.

rroKyTJIHaMII",

l(i Ha3BII B Hapo.[(i i

CJIOB'JIHChKOl MOBil

3Blfqall:HO, He

u;noro TepMiHy.

a6o

JIKIIH

BCe rrorrpo

.IJ:IIBHoro,

mo HarrpiiKiHu;i XVIII cT. rrpo<j:>ecop JlnBiBChKoro yHiBepciiTeTy E. rro.[(opoJKyJOqii

B

3ra.[(KII

a IIOTiM

HapeiiiTi,

HeMae

,fy-

XVIII cT.

cepe.IJ:IIHII

fyu;ynJIK,

rrpo-

Ane yBaJKHIIH

Ha3BII

crroqaTKY

Ha3BII

OCHOBHIIH

3 TepiiTOpil fyu;yJihll(IIHII,

rrpi3BIIII(a

Cxi.IJ:HIIX

rrepiO.[(

Ha XV-XVII

3YCTpiqa€MO

IIIIChMOBIIX

JKIITeJiiB

l(eH

rrepeKoHye,

BIIXi.[(l(iB

3ra.[(yJOThCJI

XIX

qaTKY

He

B

iCTOpiiqHi .[(aHi,

rrpiirra.[(ae

MaTepiany

TO.IJ:i

IIOJIBY

J!K CBi.[(qaTb

BiH

faKe,

Ha3IIBae

,BepxoBIIHU:JIMII",

B o<j:>il(iHHIIX ypJI.[(OBIIX

Ha3BY CBi.[(OMO

qlf (JIK

TaKe l(e

rrpi3BIIII(e CTBep.[(JKy-

crreu;iaJibHO BifBqaB l(i Tepii-


60

BoJtoiJuMup

B

iHBeHTapHIIX

KHIIrax XVIII

cT.

rrpi3BIIII(e

fyu;yn

.IJ:Y€ThCJI B rro.l(aTKOBOMY peecTpi

1745 p. B c.

II(IIHi.

J!6JiyHiBCbKOrO

lJ,iKaBO,

II(O

u:e rrpi3BIIII(e B c. OCiB

TYT

TOMY

iHBeHTapi

Icrrac He 3a<j:>iKcoBaHe.

1738-1745

Mi2K

.IJ:icTaB

B

TaKe

IIpii6yBIIIII

B

rrpi3BIIII(e.

1753

ChKOl BOJIOCTi

pp.,

p.

l(e

Icrrac

rrepeBa2KHO

Brrepme

3ra-

Ha KonoMIIH-

KJIJOqa

1738

B

p.

QqeBII.IJ:HO, u;eH: ceJIJIHIIH CIO.I(II

iHBeHTapHIIX

rrpi3BIIII(e

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

3

fyu;yJihll(IIHII,

KHIIrax

3YCTpiqa€TbCJI cy.l(oBi

aKTII

cin

BCe

KociB-

qacTiiiie.

XVI-XVIII

cT.,

HOBOIIpii6yJIIIM B CeJIO qlf MiCTO qacTO Ha.l(aBaJIII rrpi3BIIII(e 3a MiCl(eM lX

IIOXO.I(2KeHHJI

H:oro

rrpe.I(KII

TepiiTOpi€10

a6o

3a <j:>aXOM

3aHMaJIIICJI. .l(aBaJIII

qlf

0T2Ke,

rrpi3BIIII(a

peMeCJIOM, BIIXi.l(l(JIM

fyu;yn,

JIKIIM 3

HOBOCeJiel(b

II03a ll

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

fyu;yJIJIK.

Ilpo

l(e

qlf

CBi.l(qaTb

CIIIICKII rrapa<j:>iJIH KoJIOMIIHCbKOrO .l(eKaHaTy 3a 1763 p., .l(e € rrpi3BIIII( a

fyu;yn,

fyu;y JIJIK.

Ilpi3BIIII(a rrepeKOHJIIIBO CBi.l(qaTb rrpo peMicHIIqi crreu;iaJibHOCTi lX HocilB: Eo.I(Hap, TKaq, HIIK, :IKyiiHIIK, naHHi qlf

HapO.I(2KeHHJI

PII6aK,

KoBaJih, KpaMapyK, KpaBqyK,

KapaT-

(coJieBapHi IIpOMIICJIII); rrpo Micu;e IIOXO.I(2KeHHJI

l(IIX JIJO.I(eH

FipcbKa

-

eepJUuHa

fB03.1(el(bKIIH

roeep!la.

(3

C.

CeimJtuHa

fBi3.1(el(b),

fopo-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

.n:eHChKIIH (i3 c. fopo.n:eHKa), )l:OhTOIIiJihChKIIH BIIxi.n:u:i 3 TyrraJOTh piiiiqyK,

(3

C.

KocMaqyK, KocMal(hKIIH (3 c. KocMaq),

( M on.n:aBil),

rrpi3BIIll(aMII

IloJIJIK,

61

3

)l:oBrOIIiJIJIJI).

B OJIOII(IIHII

rri.n:

ToM

Yropll(IIHII,

Bonoru:yK,

IIonJiqoK,

II onnmi,

BonoiiiiiH,

MocKann; BIIxi.n:u:i

Poci1 BIIC-

YrpiiH,

YrpaK,

Yr-

i3 3arropi3bKo1 Ciqi -

Ko3aK, Ko3aKiB, Ko3aqoK. Y 3

l(bOMY

pe€CTpi

rrpi3BIIll(aMII

cTaBHIIKII

3

3ra.n:yJOTbCJI .IJ:eCJITb

fyu;yn,

ryu;yJihChKIIX

crroqaTKY .IJ:iCTaBaJIII TaKIIM HeJO

fyu;ynJIK.

qiiHOM,

cenax

rrpi3BIICbKO,

JIKi

3

JIKi

KOTpe

B

MiCl(JIX

3a

3 rr'JITII CiJI,

JIKIIX

mo

u:e

HOBIIX

CTaBaJIO

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

ryu;ynaMII.

KOJIII

BIIXi.IJ:l(iB cyMHiBy,

3rO.IJ:OM

TepiiTOpil

ryu;ynJIKaMII,

HeBi.IJ:OMO

CeJIJIH,

BIIKJIIIKae

TepiiTOpiH:,

BIIXi.IJ:l(iB

Ha3IIBaJIII

rrpi3BIICbKa,

He

rrpe.n:-

IIOCeJieHb

rrpi3BIIll(eM.

B

cyMi2KHIIX

3

CrroqaTKY

u:e

6ynii 1x

o6cTaBIIH

IIOJIBIIJIIICJI.

q aCTO lX l(IIMII rrpi3BIICbKaMII Ha3IIBaJIII B cyMi2KHIIX 3 fyu;yJihll(IIHOIO cenax,

30KpeMa,

KIIH y

1878 p. IIIICaB: ,3TO IIMJI MOrJIO 6biTh CHaqaJia 6paHHhiM, IIJIII

Ha

Hapiil(aTeJibHhiM, CTBeHHhiM

BIICHOBKY,

3

ll(O

Ha3Ba U:IIM

He

IIOCJie

u;noro

CTaJIO

CaMe

Bi.IJ:

,ryu;yn"

rrpiiBO.IJ:Y

J!KiB

IIMeHeM

OKpeMIIMII

E.

ryu;yniB

B. Bi.IJ:

rrepeKOHaTII,

CBOrO

MOrJia

(y

fonoBal(h-

Hapo.n:a

II

co6-

oci6,

a

l(e

He

Bi.IJ: IIJieMeHi.

rrpi3BIIll(aX),

H

m o6

.IJ:OBeCTII

IIJieMeHi

YJIIIqi,

(qii rrpi3BIICbKO)

, IJpoTe .IJ:aBHJI Ha3Ba

36epiraTIICJI

aJie

.n:iH:-

Hapo.n:y. ane,

rrpi3BIIII(e

BIIrJIJI.IJ:i)

,ryu;yn",

3a H:oro TBep.n:2KeH-

CTapOCJIOB'JIHCbKOrO

IIOXO.IJ:2KeHHJI

(B lX

Ha3Ba

fpa6iu;.

Ko6IIJIJIHChKIIH,

Hi6IITO

3MiHeHOMY

JIIO.IJ:bMII

IIOXO.IJ:IITb C.

6yna rrpi3BIIChKOM

Ha3BII

3arrepeqye

rrpi3BIIII(a

IIOJihChKIIH .IJ:OCJii.IJ:HIIK

HaMara€TbCJI

IIJieMeHi

TOJibKO

rrorO.IJ:2KY€ThCJI

IIOXO.IJ:2KeHHJI BiH

II

3

IIMeHeM".

IIIOB cyqacHIIH HJIM,

EoH:KiBll(IIHi.

3a

He

IIeBHOIO

TiJihKII

3a

qacTIIHOIO

HaceneHHJI". MII

BBa2Ka€MO,

TepiiTOpiJI,

ll(O

eTHOrpa<j:>iqHa

o6JiaCTb.

.IJ:2Kepenax Ha3Ba

aKTaX

IIi.IJ:IIaJIJOBaJia

IIaHChKi

1754

,ryu;yn"

IIOXO.IJ:IITb

Bi.IJ:

rrpi3BIICbKa,

qoMy,

Ha

Haiiiy

.IJ:YMKY,

B

a

p.

3ra.IJ:y€TbCJI:

,J!KaCb

<j:>iJihBapKII,

3a

ll(O

2KiHKa

TaK,

B

,ryu;yJIKa"

6yna CTpaqeHa".

IIOHa.IJ: 200 poKiB TOMY, a TOqHiiiie, B JIIICTOIIa.IJ:i

IIpiiBCeJIIO.IJ:HO

IIIICbMOBIIX

Hapo.n:y rroJIBIIJiacJI B2Ke rri3Hiiiie.

6y.IJ:IIHKII,

B 5!3JiiBu;i (Terrep ceno KaT

0Cb

,ryu;yn" JIK

J!3JIOBel(bKIIX

0T02K,

Ha3Ba

HIIMII 3aCeJieHa, .IJ:iCTaJia Ha3BY fyu;yJihll(IIHa JIK iCTOpiiKO-

1754 poKy,

Eyqau;nKoro paH:oHy TepHorriJihChKOl o6nacTi)

Bi.IJ:TJIB

rOJIOBY

2KiHl(i,

pO.IJ:OM

i3

fyu;yJihll(IIHII.

3a


BoJtoiJuMup II(O TaK B

2KOpCTOKO

J!3JIOBel(bKIIX

BiMini

pyKorriiciB

11?

IIOKapaJIII

MiChKIIX

0IIIIC

aKTaX.

6i6nioTeKII

Y

iM.

TOl ,[(IIKOl CTpaTII

,[(OKyMeHTi,

B.

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

JIKIIH

AH

0 re <j:> aHIIKa

3a<j:>iKCOBaHO

36epira€TbCJI YKpai:HII,

y

3aiiii-

caHo:

, 1754.

fyu;yJIKa-6eiiiKeTHIIl(JI

HeCIIOKiHHa BoRa

cKa3aJia,

,[(eKpeT:

y,[(aBana, (rraHChKi

29

II(O a

,[(.

BCi

3Jia Te,

,[(O

1754

qepe3

mo

He

He

F.),

MapTIIHY

KBapTy

pa,[(a

B

TiJihKII

,[(03BiJI

rOJIOBII

3aiiJiaqeHO

Meq

2

)J:aHo

po6oTII.

,[(BOpii,

CTJITTJI

MeqeM.

a

BII,[(aJia

BIICJiaHO

,[(eKiJihKa

3

-

TPYHY

3a

ropiJIKII orrnaqeHo

F.)

TaJIJip. 3

Eyqa-

OJIIIBY KaTy

3

Ey-

B.

-

6IITIIH

3JIOTIIX.

KBapTII

3a

3JIOTIIX

(KaTa

crrpoBa,[(2KeHo

2

rraJIIIJia

crrpaBe,[(JIIIBoro

,[(yKaTII

JIKoro

peBi3iJO,

5!3JIOBel(hKIIH

102

MaHCTpa

TaKIIH

3BOJiiKaHHJI

pa3iB

0T2Ke,

HarriicaHo. Ha

Ha

,[(JIJI

3aTBep,[(2KeHHJI

3a

rricJIJI

,[(OMII

Ha

TiJihKII

cMepTi.

BnacHopyqHo

rpoiiii.

JIKIIX

pa3,

ypJI,[(OBi

rri,[(

11

KOMicapiB

TJI2Ki

Kpii2KaHiBChKOMY,

2

po6oro10

u:e

3acnyroBye

rrpiipeqeHy

3Ma3aHHJI

IIaHChKi

3aCy,[(IIB

6a6II-IIOBIITYXII,

poKy.

CTJITTJI

JIKIIH

HaBiTh

o6roBopeHHJI

MiChKOMY 3a

IIi,[(IIaJIJOBaJia

ypJI,[(

faHKa

B.

rrpiiCTYIIIIB

MaricTpoBi qa,

II(O

Ta

qepe3

JIIICTorra,[(a

II(O

BariTHa.

,[(BOpii

qal(bKOMY T.

3a

mo

,ToMy,

BII3HaJIII,

ypJI,[(

6yna,

,[(JIJI

rrepe,[(

3JIOTIIX

8

rpoiiiiB". }J:oKyMeHT HIIH IIpOTII

JIKIIX

ryu;ynKa qoMy aKTi

HaiiiiCa-

M02KHOBJia,[(l(JIMII,

faHKa.

B II

BIICTyiiaJia Ocb

o<j:>iu;iHHOMY

3HeBa2KeHO eiii-

TeTOM

,3Jia".

0,[(HaK,

Kpi3b

rrpii3MY

qacy

rrepe,[( cyqacHIIKOM CTa€

o6pa3

ITO-

MY2KHhOl

2KiHKII, JIKa, 6e3CYMHiBHO,

y

f!3Jtieu,i

1754 p.

raHKU Cmpama cJU,JflKU Ha TepHoniflbU(UHi e JtucmonaiJi

3a

MaemKu

me,

U(O iJeopu.

eoHa XyiJ.

niiJnamoeaJta

naHCbKi

leap .aepKa1.f

rrpii6yna

,[(iJIJIJI

3

M02KJIIIBO,

Ha

IIo-

fyu;yJihll(IIHII, 3

JIKIIMOCh

3aroHoM orrpiiiiiKiB. TaK CaMO,

JIK

iHIIIi

TOrO-


63 qacHi 2KiHKII,

rrpiiMipoM, il:PY2KIIHII

Ha, nereH,!(apHoro niin:apJI HIIKa

BaciiJIJI

EaiOpaKa,

CeMeHa BIIcoqa-

faHKa ,!(onyqiinacJI

Jl:O

aHTII<j:>eo,!(aJihHOl

6o-

3 HeiO, JIK i 3 6araTbMa iHIIIIIMII HapO,!(HIIMII IIOBCTaHl(JIMII,

poTb6II.

2KOpCTOKO

p03IIpaBIIJIIICb.

ApxiBHa OKpeMOl

3Haxi,!(Ka

Brrepiiie

B2KIIBa€

iCTOpiiKO-eTHOrpa<j:>iqHQl

3aceJIIIJia Cxi,!(Hi 3aHa

HapOJl:HIIX repo1B

KaprraT OneKcii )l,oB6yiiia qlf H:oro copaT-

3

KaprraTII.

2KiHoqiiM

Ha3BY

rpyiiii

CIIMBoniqHo,

iMeHeM

HapOJl:HOl

,ryn:yn"

Ha

II03HaqeHHJI

yKpalHCbKOrO

Hapo,!(y,

IIIO

IIIO U:JI rrepiiia 3ra,!(Ka rroB'JI-

MeCHIIU:i.

B

iHIIIOMY

,!(2Kepeni

(xpoHin:i) rrepiiioro icTopiiKa fyn:ynhiiiiiHII II. CTyrrHIIU:hKoro 3a 1816 piK HarriicaHo:

,1816 ro,!(a. TJI2KKIIH ro,!(, rona,!(, Jl:Op02KHeqa BeJIIIKa. fy-

U:YJIII XO,!(IIJIII 3a 36o2KeM a2K B Mon,!(oBy". TepMiH B2KIITO

1830,

He

BIIIIa,!(KOBO

1832 Ta

TaKIIM

aBTOp

3ra,!(y€

rrpo

,ryn:ynii" B xpoHin:i

ryn:yniB

TaK02K

1824,

y

1848 poKax".

qifHOM, JIK cBi,!(qaTh icTopiiqHi ,!(aHi,

TepiiTOpil fyn:yJihiiiiiHII

xpoHonoriJI

3aceneHHJI

rroqiiHa€TbCJI 3 HaH,!(aBHiiiiiiX qaciB.

3 rrepio,!(y

rrepBicHoo6IIIIIHHoro na,!(y i ,!(aBHbopychKoro rrepio,!(y 36eperJIIICJI cniJl:II

IIOCeJieHb TiJihKII

OJIOriqHifX

OcHOBHIIH XY -XYH il:YMOBaMII:

B TOIIOHiMiqHifX

Ha3BaX

i

qacTKOBO

-

B apxe-

MaTepianax.

cT.

rrpon:ec BiH

3aceneHHJI TepiiTopil fyn:ynhiiiiiHII

xapaKTepii3Y€ThCJI

rrepe,!(yciM

COJieBapHi

IIpOMIICJIII,

CIICTeMa piK,

BIIBqeHHJI

Jl:OKyMeHTaJihHIIX

rrpiirra,!(aB Ha

eKoHoMiqHIIMII ocepe,!(KII

rrepe-

CTapiiX ciJI,

IIOJIOHIIHII. YBa2KHe

U:YJihiiiiiHII ,!(a€ He

CTaHOBIIIIIe

rrpoTII

3Mory IIpOCTe2KIITII HaCeJieHHJI,

con:iaJibHoro

HOrO

TpiiBaJiy

Han:ioHaJibHoro

<j:> eo ,!(aJibHO- Kpirro CHIIl(bKIIX

MaTepianiB

rrpo

icTopiiO

COl(iaJibHO-eKOHOMiqHe

Bi,!(HOCIIH.

aHTII<j:>eo,!(aJibHY

rHiTy

B

rrepio,!(

i

fy-

IIOJiiTifq6opOTh6y

<j:>opMyBaHHJI


Po3,IJ,iJI

III

rYUYJibiUMHA B IIEPIO,U CEPE,UHbOBiqqJI

(IX

- IIEPIIIA IIOJIOBMHA XVII cT.) 1. Cou,iaJihHO-eKouoMiqui Bi,IJ,uocuuu B CeJiaX

MiCTaX ryu,yJihiiJ,HHH

fyu;ynhll(IIRII B IX-XI cT. BXO.IJ:IIJia .IJ:O CKJia.IJ:y .IJ:aBRhO.IJ:ep2KaBII

-

KIIlBChKOl

Pyci,

faJIIIl(hKo-BoniiRChKoro KRJI3iBCTBa. 3aXi.IJ:ROyKpalRChKi

3eMJii,

6yna

3arap6aRa

a

B XII-XIII

B XIV cT.

iR03eMRIIMII

cT.

-

.IJ:O

BORa, JIK i Bci .IJ:ep2KaBaMII

IIOJibChKIIMII IIaRaMII, yropCbKIIMII <j:JeO.IJ:aJiaMII i MOJI.IJ:aBChKIIMII 6oJipaMII. OcROBRa

qacTIIRa

Kpa!O

faJIIIl(hKa

fyu;ynhll(IIRa,

3arap6aRa

IIIJIJIXeTChKOJO IloJibll(eJO,

3a a.IJ:MiRicTpaTIIBRIIM rro.IJ:iJioM XV-XVII

RaJie2KaJia

3eMni

.IJ:O

faJIIIl(hKOl

qacTIIRY faJIIIl(hKoro,

PychKoro

KonoMIIHChKoro

i

3aKaprraTChKa qacTIIRa fyu;ynhll(IIRII, ChKIIMII

<j:Jeo.IJ:aJiaMII,

BXO.IJ:IIJia

.IJ:O

rrepeBa2KRO BJiacRiCTh

3a

CRJITIIRChKoro

OKOJIIII(i

rro.IJ:iJioM

KOMiTaTy-2KyrraRII. 51CIIRi,

JIKi

B

rroBiTiB. yrop-

B XIV-XVII

BoRa

1672

cT.

CTaROBIIJia

3arap6aRa B XVIII cT.

a.IJ:MiRicTpaTIIBRIIM

MapaMapocbKoro ripChKi

BO€BO.IJ:CTBa

p.

cT.

oxorrJIJOBana rrepeHIIIJIII

y

EIIqKiBChKOl Ka3eRRo1 .IJ:OMiRil.

EyKoBIIRChKa

fyu;ynhll(IIRa,

po3TaiiioBaRa

Ra

IIIIIrriRChKiH:

3eMni,

IIiCJIJI YTBOpeRRJI B 1359 p. MOJI.IJ:aBChKOrO KRJI3iBCTBa OIIIIRIIJiaCb IIi.IJ: rRiToM

MOJI.IJ:aBChKIIX rocrro.IJ:apiB

i

6oJip.

Y XV cT.

IIIIIrriRChKa 3eM-

JIJI, JIK aBTOROMRa O.IJ:IIRIII(JI Mon.IJ:aBi1, 6yna niKBi.IJ:oBaRa i 3a a.IJ:MiRicTpaTIIBRIIM 30M

IIO.IJ:iJIOM

3 TepiiTOpi€10

yBiHIIIJia

.IJ:O

fyl(yJihll(IIRII.

CKJia.IJ:y

qepRiBel(bKOrO

IIOBiTy

pa-


65 BHacni,n:oK po3rropoiiieHHJI a,n:MiHicTpaTIIBHoro rro,n:iny oKpeMi 3eMni faJIIIl(hKo1 fyu:ynhll(IIHII yBiHIIIJIII ,n:o cKna,n:y CHJITIIHChKoro (KociBII(IIHa) CTapOCTBa a6o KOpOJiiBII(IIHII, OCKiJihKII BOHII CTaJIII BJiaCHiCTIO IIOJibChKOrO KOpOJIJI. HIIKII-MarHaTII

lJ;IIMII 3eMJIJIMII 3arrpaBJIJIJIII BeJIIIKi 3eMJieBJiaC-

513JIOBel(hKi,

TeqiiHChKi

Ta

MeJih 6yna IIpiiBaTHOIO BJiaCHiCTIO IIIJIJIXTII Jia ,n:o faJIIIl(hKoro,

KOMiTaTy,

Bel(bKoro IIOBiTy.

ocHOBHIIX

3e-

a

cepe,n:IIHII XVII cT.

EyKoBIIHChKa -

rri,n:nJirana Ma-

qifHOBHIIKaM

3

qepHi-

3,n:e6iJihiiiOrO BOJIO)J;iJIII Kpa€M yropChKi <j:Jeo,n:aJIII i

6oJipii,

MOJI)J;aBChKi

PeiiiTa

KonoMIIHChKoro i CHJITIIHChKIIX rroBiTiB.

3aKaprraTChKa fyu:ynhll(IIHa ,n:o paMapocbKOMY

iH.

i TepiiTOpiaJibHO HaJie2Ka-

JIKi,

CIIIIpaJOqlfCb

Ha

a,n:MiHiCTpaTIIBHi

IIOBiTOBi

arrapaTII, 3arrpaBJIJIJIII JIK CTapiiMII, TaK i HOBIIMII ryl(yJihChKIIMII OCeJIJIMII,

3JJ:iHCHJOBaJIII a,n:MiHiCTpaTIIBHi

i

cy,n:oBi <j:JyHKl(i1 HaJJ: rri,n:nerJIII-

MII CeJIJIHaMII. He3Ba2KaJOqii

Ha IIITyqHe

a,n:MiHicTpaTIIBHe

HOJO TpbOMa iH03eMHIIMII ,n:ep2KaBaMII i

yrrpaBJiiHHJI fyu:ynhll(II-

Ha IIOJibChKO-yropCbKO-MOJI-

)J;aBCbKe rrorpaHifqqJI, mo rrpoxo,n:IIJIO qepe3 11 TepiiTopiJO, HaceneHHJI Kpa!O rri,n:TpiiMyBaJIO Mi2K co6010 TiCHi B3a€M03B'JI3KII, !J:OTpiiMYJOqlfCb CTap03Bifqa€BIIX IIOpJI,n:KiB, JIKi 6paJIII CBiH rroqaTOK 3 ,n:aBHbOpyChKOrO qacy. BII3HaqiiTII TepiiTopiJO, ,n:e 2KIIJIII ryu:ynii, M02KHa JIIIIIIe 3a ,n:orroMoroJO

rroceneHh,

OKOJIIIU:i

JIKi

BIIHIIKaJIII

HailcTapiiiiiiX

cin

XIV-XIX

B

KociB,

cT.

Eepe3iB,

CrroqaTKY KyTII,

u:e

6ynii

IleqeHi2KIIH,

)J:eJIJITIIH (faJIIIl(bKa fyl(yJihll(IIHa), 51CIIHJI (3aKaprraTCbKa fyl(yJihll(IIHa),

BepxoBIIHa, )J:oBrorriJIJIJI

(EyKoBIIHChKa

fyu:ynhll(IIHa);

B rrepio,n:

IIOIIIIIpeHHJI KOJIOHi3al(i1 Kpa!O TepiiTOpiJI 3aCeJIJOBaJiaCb 3a CIICTeMOIO piK IlpyTy, qepeMoiiiy, TIIcii Ta 11 rrpiiTOK IlicTIIHhKII, JlJOqi, PII6HIIu:i, EIIcTpiiu:i.

B cepe,n:IIHi XIX cT.

6oKiB KaprraT B2Ke IIOHa)J; 100 ciJI

fyu:ynhll(IIHa oxorrJIJOBana 3 o6ox IIIiCTb MiCT Ta MiCTeqoK. YMOBHO

Kop,n:oHII l(horo Kpa!O B cepe,n:IIHi XIX cT. rrponJiranii Ha rriB,n:eHh Bi,n: )J:eJIJITIIHa,

Ha,n:BipHo1,

IIOTiM

IIOBepTaJIII

B

IIiBHiqHQ-CXi)J;HOMY

Ha-

IIpliMKY i rrpoxo,n:IIJIII qepe3 qopHIIH IloTiK, Mono,n:JITIIH, IleqeHi2KIIH ,n:o

516nyHoBa,

KyTII MOIII

a

3Bi,n:cii

HIIIJIII

qepe3

(faJIIIl(hKa fyu:ynhll(IIHa). i

B rriB,n:eHHo-cxi,n:HoMy

YToporrii

)]:ani Kop,n:oHII

HarrpJIMKY

Ha

IlicTIIHh,

rrepeciKaJIII

rrponJirJIII ,n:o

p.

KociB, qepe-

EyKoBIIHChKo1

fyu:ynhll(IIHII qepe3 cena BII2KHIIU:JI, Po3TOKII, YcTh-IlyTIIJia, CeJIJITIIH. IloBepTaJOqlf

Ha

IIiB,n:eHb,

B 6iK

3aKaprraTChK01 fyl(yJihll(IIHII,

BOHII


BoJtoiJuMup ,I(OCJiraJIII

J!CIIHi,

HOl TIICII

ITepeXO,I(IIJIII

JIY

a

3Bi,I(CII

ITO

IIaciqHy

Ha

fipChKi

KapiTaTII

HII,

HaiTpliMKY

pOITII

l(II<j:JiqHifll

piK

Ka,

JiiCII,

piKII,

(IlpyT,

UJ!lflxmulf,

pe,I(KaMII

XYcm.

JlJOqKa,

CITpJIMyBaJIII

6iJIJI

peE a l(i

paMII

ITpiipO,I(Hi

,I(JIJI

TOpii,

ripcbKoro

OITIICyJOqlf

3a3HaqaJIII

6araTCTBa

HaceneHHJI

Ma€TKII

6araTCTBO

JiiCiB,

yropCbKO-ITOJibChKOMY Xap aKTe pHo, IIIJIJIXTa pO,I(II

-

JIKIIX

KHJI3iBCTBa BOJIO,I(iB HIIM

-

TOBIIM,

6epyTh

XV

3

YTopoiTaMII

cT.).

Ill, 0,1(0

HiqiiM

He

3

JIIIIIIe

ITOCTyiTaJiaCJI

Ha

3

ITepio,I(y

aKTOBIIMII

(1448),

IIIJIJIXTII

y i

cenaMII

faJIIIU:hKoro

(1367-1416)

BII3IICKY

1565-1566,

3 ,!(e-

<j:>aKTOJIJOCTpa-

1570

TO,I(iiiiHhOMY

BOHII

BOJIO,I(ina

KOJIIIIIIHbOl ,I(pi6HOl

3a

BoH:HiJioBa

36araqyBaJIIICb

TeiTTyxoBIIq

BIIp06HIIl(TBO,

KoponiBChKi

B

ropax

,I(eJIKIIMII

IToqaTOK

yKpai:HChKOl

KaMII.

cT.

IJ,yu;IIJIOBa 3

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

BIIXi,I(l(i

CBiH

(XII-XIY

MIIxaH:no

30BChKIIX.

B

TBa-

6ypXJIIIBO

2KIIBIIJihHIIMII

fyu;ynhll(IIHII.

y

p03BIITKY

ITOTaiii.

OCHOBHIIMII

piqoK

pii6Horo

CTaBaJIII OCe-

pp.,

MOJI,I(O-

ITOrpaHifqqi.

ITepeBa2KHO

IBaChKO

ocepe,I(KOM

TaK,

mo

Ha

qopHa

COJIJIHIIX ,1(2KepeJI

BIIp06JIJIBCJI 6yJIII

IIicTIIHh-

po3BIITKOBi

2KIITTJI,

CITe-

CIIJI

3HaqHa CIICTe-

ITOJIOHIIHII

ITaCTYIII oro

piiHHIIl(TBa,

,1(2KepeJI

qepeMoiii,

ciTpiiJIJia

qifcJieHHi

ITOJIOHII-

PII6HIIU:JI,

p03BIIBaJIOCb COJieBapHe

Yci

ITiB-

ITpiipO,I(Hi

3eJieHi

ITPO!l:YKTIIBHIIX

qopHIIH

TIIca)

ITpOMIICJIY,

B

3eJieHy,

HaJIBHiCTb

( COpOBIIU:i)

p03BIITOK

EiniiH:

Eina

BO,I(O,I(i-

qepe3

BIIp06HifqlfX Bi,I(HOCIIH Kpa!O. Ma

ITO

HIIIJIII

fyu;yJihll(IIHII,

ITpOCTOpi

6araTOpii6Hi

COJIJIHOl

i

qop-

,IJ:eJIJITIIH. YMOBII

6araTCTBa,

Puc.

BO,I(O,I(iJiy

bliCTpiil(i-Ha,I(BipHJIHChKOl

HiqHo-3aXi,I(HOMY

YKpaiitcbKUCi

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

-

,I(aHIIMII

JlJOqKoJO,

piBHi

KonoMIIHChKOMY ITO He BOJieHHJI

XV

cT.

(1454,

3

IIicTIIHJO,

ITOBiTi

ITOJibChKO-KaTOJIIIl(hKiH

,IJ:eJIJITIIH

IIIJIJIXTOIO.

BOJIO,I(iB

i

6yB

Eepo-

17

yKpalHCbKa

IIIJIJIXTi

PII6-

CToiTqa-

Eepe3iB

ITOJibChKOIO

ITi,I(,I(aHIIX,

IlHeBoM

1482),

TeiTTyxoBIIq.

,IJ:eJIJITIIHChKIIX, Ha

6oJipCbKOl 3HaTi,

faJIIIl(bKO-BOJIIIHChKOrO

ITOBiTy

BaxHo

yKpai:HChKa

MaeTIIIJIJIXTa

MarHaTaM.


hi i3 Brrac-

0):(HoqacHo HIIKaMII

yKpalHCbKOrO CeJiaMII

IIOXO):(~eHHH

fyl(yJihll(IIHII

B 0 JIO ):(i€

IIOJibCbKa

IIIJIHXTa,

pe):(

BII):(iJIHIOTbCH

HKOl

TaKi

3eMJieBJiaCHIIKII, l)yqal(hKi,

HK

516JIOHOBChKi, CbKi.

BoHII

MOrOIO

!J:OIIO-

KOpOJiiBChKIIX pO):(IIHHIIX

30Cepe):(~YIOTb

3B'H3KiB

CBO€MY

BOJIO):(iHHi

IIOJIOHIIHII,

BapHi

Ta

CTBa XV

IIIyMJIHH3a

rrpiiBirre1B,

JiiCII,

513JIO-

TeqiiHChKi,

Bel(hKi,

y

ce-

KpaiO · CT.

5J:KII( 0

liOflbCbJ<:UU

cella

i3

MIIxattrro

(1495),

3erri6opa

qeHi~IIHOM

3

-

3

KyTaMII

rrepiiiitt

rrorroBIIHi

MarHaTaM

XVII

EyqaU:hKIIM,

IlOTOl(bKIIM,

II(O

1497),

MIIxattrro

Ha

n:ett

cT.

KocMaq, qaU:hKIIx; HOIO mo

1578

pe€cTpy IIicTIIHh, KyTaMII

KociB,

qeH~IIH,

BqacHicTIO

51KoBa PyHrypii,

Po~HiB

}J:arri

MIIKYJIIIqiiH,

Eepe3iB

i

B

l(bOMY

Eepe3iB

MarHaTiB

EyPII6-

3a<j:>iKCOBaHO,

M arri

0 crraBII

Erry):(HIIU:hKoro, HII~Hitt

3a

CTorrqaTiB,

KHH~IIM,

pe€CTpi i

Harre~IITh

HarrpiiKJia):(,

Ma€TKII

BerriiKi

XpiicTo<j:>a

Eyqaqa XVI

KyporraTBaM,

YToporrii,

a

3 B

3aiiaHyBaJIII Ha

YKpa1HII.

cerra

JlaHqiiH,

BII~Hitt,

TeqiiHChKIIX.

fyn:yrrhll(IIHII

513JIOBeU:hKi, B

TO

IIOJiiTifqHQ

BXO!J:HTh

MarHaTII

Eoropo):(qaH

513JIOBeU:hKIIM,

eKOHOMiqHQ

XoTIIMipcbKoro,

MarHaTiB

qacTIIHa

ryn:yrrhChKi

Iama!leBUlf

qacTIIHOIO

MIIxattrro

IlpaBo6epe~~i

36opOBCbKi.

MicTa JJ: errHTIIH,

Ma€TKaMII

p.,

6o5lpuHy

1367 pou,i.

e

(1448),

BottHirroBa

3HaqHa

qac

BOJIO):(iiOTh

3arrpaBJIHIOTh

KocoBIIM

3

516rroHOBChKIIM,

BChOMY ):(aHIIMII

Mupoc!laB

1472),

epyztae

cYU,YilbCbKOcO

KO!lUUJHbOMY

TenmyxoeuiJy

(1443,

III

Ka3UMUp

B!laCHiCmb

Ymoponu

Xyu.

JJ:errettoBa

(1441,

Eyqaqa

(1472),

Ha

BaxHy

Ile-

51H

KOpO!lb

npUBifleU

B

,IJ:errHTIIHOM

BOJIO):(i€

51H

COJie6araT-

iHIIIi

a

IIe-

3aJIIIIIIaiOThCH


BoJtoiJuMup EyKoBIIHChKa

XVII

cT.

3a

TepiiTopiJI

CBOlM

eKoHoMiqHIIM

3aKaprraTCbKOl qlf ro

IIOX0.[(2KeHHJI

BoJIIIHChKOrO CTOKO

-

Hall(a.[(KII

eKCIIJiyaTyBaJIII .[(2KepeJI

CBOlX

JIII .[(pi6He IIiJIJIJI

6oJipCTBO

1618

B

)l:JIKYJIY,

C.

3

Ha

i

TaK02K

IIOJibChKO-MOJI.[(aBChKIIX BJia.[(OIO

CeJia

IIOJibChKOl

TaK02K

cT.

Bi.[(

IIpaBIITeni

HJI

CBOlM

IIaHaM

3a

,3acnyry"

rrepe.[(

IIIJIJIXeTCbKOIO

.[(aB

y

IIIe,

BOJIO.[(iHHJI 3a

paHiiiie

.[(aHi

<j:>eo.[(aJiaM

TepiiTopiJI HII,

rrepeBa2KHO

1555

p.

1538

p.

PaxiB

y

pi

c.

BOHO

a

MOJI.[(aBChKi i

6oJipii,

36araqyBaJIIICb

lHCbKOrO

ChKOl 6yB B

IIIJIJIXTII,

Matl2Ke

ryn:yniB.

BeCb

3a

, Been

lX

.IJ:OMiHil

i

B

i

BOJIO.IJ:iHp.

3a

rrepe-

)l:ell(O

IIi3Hi-

IIi.[(TBep.[(2KyBaJIIICJI

PychKOMY

y

11

KOpOJib

KIIMIIOJIYH3i.

3aKaprraTChKOl

fyn:ynhll(II-

<j:>eo.[(aJiiB.

<j:>eo.[(any

BOJIO.IJ:iHHi

rroTparrJIJI€

<j:>eo.[(aJia

<j:>eo.[(aJiiB

KpirrocHy

TaK,

Jl:parepi,

y

a

3

KapoJii.

<l>opiHTBe-

3aJie2KHiCTh

Bi.IJ:

(MaETHOCTi).

II OJihll(i

rOJIOBHOl

i

<j:> e o.[(aJIII MiCl(eBi

MaCII

Yro pll(IIHII,

arrapaTII

TO.[(iiiiHhOrO

icHyBaJIII

3aXi.[(HOyKpa-

ceJIJIH.

YKJia.[( ceJIJIH JIKa

p.,

HOBOrO

l(eHTpaJibHIIH

paxyHOK

3arap6ana

IIOBHiCTIO

COl(iaJibHOMY,

cT.

TeyTyJiy.

y

1501

B

loRy

BJiaCHiCTb y

IIyTIIJia

yropcbKIIX

TO i

<j:>eo.[(aJiiB,

cena

1643 y

BHacni-

rrepe6yBaJia

IIOJibChKIIX

C.

yropcbKOMY

IIIJIJIXeTChKOl

HaCeJieHHJI

CTapOBIIHHIIH

y

)l:oBrO-

KHJI3iBCTBa,

IIOJibChKIIH

.IJ:O

BJiacHicTJO

Ka3eHHo1

Be pxiBKa

3eMni

rrepe6yBaB

XVI

B

B eJIIIK06IIqKiBChKOl II aHiBHa

cT.

TaK,

B

C.

oco6aM.

rrepe.[(aBaJIII

<j:>eo.[(aJiy

BOJIO.IJ:i-

fyn:ynhll(IIHa

KOH<j:>JiiKTiB

IIOJibll(e!O

BXO.IJ:IIJia

HaJie2KaJio

XV

qacTo

Ha

JIKa

rrepeXO.[(IITb

cepe.IJ:IIHi

2KOp-

BOJIO.[(iHHJI

rrpaBIIJIO,

MOJI.[(aBCbKOrO

JlyrryJIII

3aJIIIIIIanacJI

J!ciiHJI

Jl:parepi,

B.

rrpaBa

PaxiBII(IIHII,

IIpiiBaTHIIM

,3acnyrii".

KHJI3JI

3eMeJibHOrO

EyKoBIIHChKa

TO

U:IIX .[(ep2KaB

MOJI.[(aBCbKOMY

rpaMOTOIO

faJIIIl(bKO-

6oJipaMII

qepeMoiiiy HaJie2KaJio rrorry

MOJI.[(aBChKIIX .[(0

HaBrraKII.

JIKiCh

qaciB

3 eMJIJIMII, JIK

rrorpaHifqHifX

KopOHII,

rrepeXO.[(IIJIII

IIIITaHHJI

Einoro

HaJie2KaJIO

IIi.[(

Bi.IJ:

yKpalHCbKO-

3a .[(OCTOBipHIIMII .[(aHIIMII,

piqKII

XVI

.IJ:OK

3

MOJI.[(aBChKIIMII

fyn:ynhll(IIHi.

MOHaCTIIpi.

rroqaTKY

Bi.IJ:pi3HJIJiacb

6oJipii

<j:>eo.[(aJiiB

3

3'JicyBaTII

o6ox 6oKiB

IIJIOCKa

XV -

Y

p.

qifM

BOJIO.[(iJIII

rronoBIIHi

IIi.[(.[(aHIIX.

Ba2KKO

<j:> eo.[(aJiiB Ha EyKoBIIHChKitt

pa3oM

rrepiiiitt

Mano

CeJiaMII

KOJIIIIIIHiX

JIKi

XV

B

cTaHoM

11

faJIIIl(bKOl,

KHJI3iBCTBa,

3a 6paKOM

fyn:ynhll(IIHII

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

fyn:yJihll(IIHII nicii,

rracoBIIII(a,

rropyiiieHIIH.

TyT

eKOHOMiqHoMy

Ta

TJirap

TOl

IIiCJIJI

cycrriJihHOl

IIpiiXO.IJ:Y CIO.[(II coneBapHi

Bi.[(6yBa!OTbCJI rrpaBOBOMY

HepiBHOCTi

i

.[(2Kepena,

3HaqHi

3MiHII

CTaHOBIIII(i KpiiB.[(II,

IIOJih-

-

i

CeJIJIHIIIICaB


69 lEaH

<l>paHKO,

KHlirax l(iJIOl

IJoqliHaJOqli TaK

XIV

TYT

1_1)

3

ripcbKliX

ToqHiiiie, EaraTo JihChKiii

oca):(

p.

faJilil(hKiH

3eMJii

p03BliTOK

l(hOrO

MeHIIIe, i

3

BOJIOCbKOMY

pychKoro Bi):(MiHy ):(pyre, liKi

rrpaBa.

Bi!J:

rrpaBa

}J:o

Ha

OCa,[(li,

XV

B

HiMel(bKliMli

OCKiJihKli

HliX

MaE:TKax

pychKe

caMa

,[(aBaJIO i

BH6Hpana

3eMJii

Mi2K

CBapli

Mi2K

qJieHa

rrepe):(

pycbKa

lie

i

IlepeMHIII-

yBa2KHe y

TYT

CeJiaX,

6ynH

IIIO

2KliJili

U:liX

cin,

Ha

II o-

3pa30K

IIOKa3HliK lX -

ciJI,

Herro-

Ha BOJIOCbKOMY

crrHpanacli

rrpo

eJieMeHTli

yKpa1Hu;i. Ha

Ha

,[(aHi

BliBqeHHli

HaliBHi

yrrpaBHTeJiliMli rrpaBa,

cT.,

,[(aHliMli,

icTOpliqHi

0):(HaK

i

XIV

OrroJihChKoro).

CaHOU:hKiii

(roJIOBHliH

pychKe

6yno ):(y2Ke

rrpa-

3):(e6iJihiiioro

3a

XOTiJia

I.

Ha

TiyHa

a6o

pa30M

IIaHaMli

3HaqHy

oTaMaHa,

rrepe):(

IIOKli,[(aTliCli

B

,):(e

B

<j:Jeo,[(aIIpliBaT-

KoponiB-

yKpalHCbKOMY

HaCeJieH-

qoMy

6yno

CaMoyrrpaBy;

BORa

caMa

CaMa ...

Bi):(IIOBi):(aJia Ta

IIOJibChKliX

KoponiBIIIHHax.

rpoMa,[(li,

rroiiiH-

rroJihChKliMli

<j:Jeo,[(aJiy

<l>paHKa,

rpoMa):(i

qJieHaMli i

B

ypi3yBaJili

cnoBaMH

6yno !J:OCliTh

IIi):(KOpliTli

ypli!J:OBi

60 ,[(aBaJIO

ronoBy,

rrpaBo

3aMiHliJIOCli

Bliri,[(HO ,[(Jili

BCe

3HaqHo

qJieHaMli

He

rrpaBo,

<j:JyHKl(iH

iHTeHCliBHO

IIOCTOpOHHiMli

JIIO):(HiCTh

BOJIOChKe

CliCTeMa yrrpaBJiiHHli

M02KJiliBiCTb

IIOO,[(liHOKliMli CBOlMli

):(iliJIO

IlpHKaprraTTi B

opraHi30BYIOTbCli

rrpaBi

ronoBHe

liKe,

co6i

rrpaBO.

):(iHIIIJili

fyu;yJihiiiliHli,

BOHO

IIOCTaHOBli

rrpaBo,

HiMel(bKe

BBa2KaTli:

oca):(qliMli

rraHiB

i

rrpaBo.

cT.

,[(Jili JIIO,[(HOCTi,

He

CY!J:OBliX

cTapocTHHChKOMY

CeHMOBi

KOpliCHe

cT.

HaC

rrpaBliJIO,

):(Jili

rrpaBaMli.

JiiB,

HIO

i

Ha

rroJihChKoro

IJo-TpeT€,

XIII-XIV

B

TO

i

liK

cTapo3BliqaeBe

51KIIIO

ChKi

qli

pyChKOMY

xapaKTepHo

Micu;eBe

peHe,

Ha

rpyHTli).

IIIO

i

KOpliCTyBaJIOCli

,[(OKyMeHTaJibHliMli

IIi):(CTaBli

Ilo-rrepiiie,

BOJIOChKi

6yno 3

YMOBli.

rroJihChKliX

Bna,[(liCJiaBa

fyu;yJihlllliHi.

,[(a€

HiMel(bKoro

rrepe6yBaJili

MipliHi Bi,

rrpaBi,

IloKyTTi,

rpaMOTOJO

3ri,[(HO

a):(MiHiCTpaTliBHO-rpoMa,[(ChKliX Ha

IIOJihCbKe

MaC.

iHCTHTyu;il,

eKOHOMiqHi

rrpliXO!J:OM

Ha faJIHU:hKOMY

IloKyTTi. rrpaBa

Ha

rrpaBoBi

Ta

y

rrporo,[(iBHliKOM

HaCeJieHHli

3

KOTpliH

IIplirH06JieHHli

pi3Hi

IIOJiiTliqHi

BBO,[(liTliCh

(3ri):(HO

BOJIOChKoro

3eMJiliX,

icHyBaJIH

a

CTaH,

OCHOBOIO,

MiCl(eBe

30KpeMa

Ha TOll

IIOCliJiliJili

rrpaBoM,

rroiiiHpJOBaTHCli

1378

y

cT.

rroqaJIO

OKOJiliU:liX,

BBa2KaJili

qacy,

pychKliM

CIIa,[(aB

TiJihKli

CBO€pi):(Hi

KHli2KOrO

IIOCTYIIOBO

liKe rroqHHano

XV

B

Mipi

TO):(i

3MiHli

qepe3

3BaHHM

CT.

II

y2Ke

YKpa1Hi

CKJiaJiliCli

CBOlM

B

HaHIIOBHiiiiiH

IIliCbMaX

3axi):(Hiii

liKi

B

cycrriJihHOCTi".

Y

y

-

3a

po3):(iJIJOBana p03CY):(2KyBaJia

K02KHOrO

BJiaCTliMli.

pyChKOro

}J:Jili

rrpaBa".

CBOrO TOrO IloKli


BoJtoiJuMup

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

/

:·.;.

... t~~-···---...----~--~--~~-----J~--.

MOK

&

,.cllftlii1CbJ<"i1 J;1"'01<

fa'

~

IUJ'J!'lll'tC 1>10111 SII"!OO:

..n>lpi

Ylrpifllll.ll<i •

f/>opmurjJiKau,ii1Hi Fyu,yllbU(UHi.

IIOJibChKi

Kpa!O,

,[(IfqHy

cnopyiJu

<j:>eo,[(aJIII

,[(OTII

II(e i

6y):(yBaJIII

TeprriJIII

IIOJiiTifqHo,

niKBi):(au;iJO.

Ha em.

IIpuKapnammi,

B

l(e BOHII

143 5

p.

B

moMy

XyiJoJJCHUK-KapmocparjJ

p03Mill(yBaJIIICJI

,[(BOpii,

JP1'41!1Ui

XYII-XYIII

o6Jia):(HyBaJIII

eKOHOMiqHQ

·-·

IIOp,oo•ut IIOUoJICI. ~'11!)1(1

B

3aMKII

Ha,[(aHIIX B

IIOCTaBIIJIII faniiqiiHi

rrpaBO.

Ane,

IIIITaHHJI 6yno

rrpo

Ha

FamaJteBUlf

KOpOJieM

IIOHeBOJieHOMY

CTapOBIIHHe

y

lM

lfUCfli

M.

Ma€TKaX,

faJIIIl(bKOMY 3Mil(HiBIIIII H:oro

o<j:>iu;iH:Ho

!Opii-

BBe):(eHo


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IIOJibCbKe KO,

HiMel(bKe

,qHCJIO

BKiHl(i

ITO

IIorrhChKa y

qHch

Ha

cBo1x

BHHHHX

piK

MiCl(eBe KiB.

rre2KaJIH

Marro

B

KepyiOTh

cT.

Y XVI

Mac.

!J:OCJira€ KH

i

!J:OXi!J:.

XVI

Ha

cT.

BapKOBi

BCi

rrpou;ecy

BHIIaCH TOH

faJIHqHHH.

cerrJIHCTBa.

3aMKH

3arHi3)J:H-

i,

crrHpaiO-

rHiT

faJIHl(hKitt

y

3

HH30-

fyu;yJihiiiHHi

CTap03BHqa€BHX !J:BOPHIII,

B

IIOpli)J:OCHOBi

fyu;yrrhChKe

!J:BOPHIIIe

(IIOJIOHHHH),

BO!J:OHMH.

caMHH

fyu;yrrhiiiHHi,

rrpou;ec xoq

HaMaraiOTbCJI

3aKpirraqeHHJI

IIpH3BeJIO

CBOl

po3BHBaiOThCJI

Bi)J:6yBaBCJI

MOJI)J:aBChKi

3aJiyqHTH

CeJIJIH

6o!J:O

!J:O

IIIe

cHcTeMa

IJOJibChKHH

3YCHJIJIJI

Ha

cerrJIH

6iJihiiiOrO

Te,

B

pHu;ap III06

Ta

¢irrhBapKo-

IIpHrH06JieHHJI

Peqi

IIocrrorrHTitt

3aBO!J:HTb

MaTH

¢iJihBap-

JIKHatt6iJihiiiHH

B

¢irrh-

rocrro)J:apcTBa,

)J:e

rrpal(IOBaTH

HaTypaJihHi

IIOBHHHOCTi. CHTb

Matt2Ke

p03BHTKy.

Ha IIaHIIIHHi, He

IIIyiOqH

TJirapiB

IIOBHHHOCTett.

IlpHKaprraTTi

rrpHMYIIIYIOTh CeJIJIH

Ha

pO!J:HHH.

¢irrhBapKoBo-rraHIIIHHHa

CIIpliMOBY€

IIOKH

yKpalHCbKO-

IlpHKaprraTTJI

CKJia)J:aJiaCJI

JiiCH,

IIOCTYIIOBO

CHCTeMH

HaHBHIIIOrO

cirr

-

o6opoHH

IJpoTe

o6IIIHHH,

OTaMaHH.

3pocTaHHJI

cT.

06IIIHHa

3eMJii,

¢eo)J:aJIH

Bo-rraHIIIHHHo1

MacH

i

)J:JIJI

CHCTeMi

rH06JieHHJI

COl(iaJibHO-eKOHOMiqHHH

3aKaprraTChKitt

¢eo)J:aJibHHX

XVI

B

i

MiCT

3eMJIJIX.

ciMettHi

<l>paH-

BiqeBoro

IIaHIIIH3HJIHHX

rrpaBOBitt

TBep)J:O !J:OTpHMY€TbCJI

BOJIO)J:iHHi

yropChKi

Ba2KKHX

IIIe

BeJIHKi

EyKoBHHChKitt i

IIOCHJIIO€

y

ttoro

crropy!J:HBIIIH

ryu;yJihCbKa

I.

3a3Haqa€

36iJihiiiY€TbCJI,

CTapopyChKOrO

o6iK

IIOCHJIHJIOCJI

IIIJIJIXTa

CBO€MY

06IIIHHOIO

JIPH

rrpaBa

yKpalHCbKa

HaCeJieHHJI

JIK

BCe

cy)J:iBHHl(TBO".

rorroBHOl

CiJihCbKa

qHM,

peiiiTH

3aiiaHyBaJIO

oco6rrHBO

rrpaBO,

3

71

rrpaBi

rrep eJIOMHHM

IIpHKaprraTChKHX

JIKHX

Ha

6yB

3

3B'JI3KY

HeBeJIHKi

He

Ma€TKax,

ROBe i

rrporraJIH

IIOJibChKOrO

HacerreHHJI,

rracb

y

ToM

HiMel(hKiM

(!J:OMiHiaJibHe)

143 5

BBe)J:eHHJIM

ro

He

Ha

cerrax

IIaiiCbKe

0 T2Ke, 3

rrpaBO,

OCeJib

30BCiM

IIOpli!J:KY T aK02K

IlpuKapnammR.

Bee

3MeH-

i

rpOIIIOBi

l(e

IIpHHO-

IIIJIJIXTi

iHaqHi !J:OXO!J:H. TaKe

rrHxo

Hacenet+IR i\

He

MHHyrro

fyu;y JihiiiHHH.

II p 0

COl(iaJibHO-eKOHOMiqHe CTa-

Ilpau,R

Ha

naHUfUHi

(iJepeeopum,

XVI em.)


72

BoJtoiJuMup

HOBIIII(e HIIX

!J:OBi,n:yeMOCJI

OITIICiB

IJpo

KaTeropil,

XVI

!J:IIHi

3

JIIOCTpaujtt

mnJixeTChKIIX

cT.

B

ITOBIIHHOCTi

KonoMIIHChKoro

fyl(yJIII

3atl:MaJIIICJI

CTBOM,

CBIIHapCTBOM,

rOCITO,!l;apChKi

cenax

TOJJ:i

faJIIIl(hKoro

a

He

JIIIIIIe

3

3)J;aBaJIII

y

cT.

cepe,n:aHIIX

(1553-1565).

cTapocTe

OC06JIIIBO

Bi,n:po6iTKiB, pi3Hi

XVII

CeJIJIH

KOHKpeTHIIX

TBapiiHHIIl(TBa,

BIIKOHyBaJIII

iHBeHTap-

ITO'IaTKY

KOpOJiiBChKIIX

,n:i3Ha€MOCh

p03BIITKOM

TOMY

pat!:OHII,

i

Ma€TKiB Ta

XVI -

KiHl(JI

Ta 2KIITTJI

ryu;ynhChKIIX

CHJITIIHChKoro,

KOpOJiiBChKIIX

Bono,n:iHh

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

JIK

ITO)J;aTKII

BiB'Iap-

CiJihChKO-

HaTypo!O

rpiiiiMII. B

OITIICaX

CeJIJIH

JIK

ryu;ynhCKIIX MII

HaBO)J;JITbCJI

3

cin

-

2KIIJIII

y

3axi,n:Ho1

3

B

OITIICY,

<j:>opMa cJirae

K02KHOMY

<j:>eo,n:aJihHIIX

HIII(JIMII

!J:BOpiiii(HIIX"

BIIXOBYIOTb 6apaHy, OBe'IOMY

CIIpy,

C.

JIKIIX,

3a

CYMY Y

Ha

(15 -

JIKi

CeJii CYMY rp.),

3JI.

ITO

K02KHIIH

1 Ha

ITO

ITO

ITO

6

KaTeropil KYHIII(i

IJpo

ITOBIIHHOCTi

3

l(IO

KaTeBiBl(i

rp.;

2

rp.;

II(O

B

3aropo,n:HIIKII,

20

rpOIII.

,ociJIIIX !J:BOpiiii(",

,ociJIIIX l(iJioro

ITO

ITO

rp.

BapTiCTIO

CITJia'IyBaJIII

<j:>eo-

CTa,n:a

24

ceJIJIH

28

Ky-

,ociniix

JIKi

K02KHOrO

16

14

cyMa

KMeTiB,

BapTiCTIO

3JI.,

Ane

CBOlMII

KpiM

BapTiCTIO

ITp02KIIBaJIO

6

a6o

ITCTpyry,

BapTiCTb

OJJ:Hitt

ITO'IaTKaMII

rpoiii.

, ... Bi,n:

ryHi,

BII!J:HO

BIIITJia'IyBaJiaCJI

CeJIJIH-BiB'IapiB.

BiB'IapiB

JIIOCTpau;il,

17

A

4

CeJiaX

J!K

CTapOBIIHHa

3araJibHa

12

HaJii'IyBaJIOCJI

Ha

rOCITO,n:apCTB".

!J:BOpiiii(a:

pa30M

3JIOTIIX.

ITp02KIIBaJIO

8

rpiiBHJIMII.

rp.;

T06TO

rOCITO,n:apCTBa.

JIKa

(BII2KHIII(JI)

,n:aHIIMII

ITOHa,n:

cT.,

3a ,n:aHII-

iHIIIIIX

!J:BOpiiii(e.

KHJI3iBCTBa,

3JIOTIIX

B

)J;Ba

l(iJie

CTaHOBJIJITb:

rpOIIIOBY

,n:aJOTb

ITO

Ha

3ra,n:ye

rp.;

8

ceJIJIH

6yno

MaJio3aM02KHi

3,n:BII2KeHa

rOCITO,n:apCTBa

Ha

15

BapTiCTIO

TaK02K

ITi,n:ca,n:KII,

Y

ITO)J;aTKII

CKJia)J;a€

Ha3BaHi

ll,i

lXHi

BapTiCTIO

KyTII.

TpbOX

,n:Bopiiii(

ITepeni'IeHi.

42

, TaM

3

iMeHa

MipO!O

cTaHOBIIJia

ITOBIIHHOCTi

JIK

XIV-XV

ITo,n:aTKiB

Ta

ociniix

i

TaK

CIICTeMOIO",

!J:BOpiiii(i

3aiTIICaHO:

,

3araJibHOMY

a6o

Bci

CeJIJIH JIIOCTpaTOp

CeJIJIH

KaTeropil OCeJib,

( BII2KHIII(JI)

HaKJia,n:aJiaCb

rpOIIIOBOIO

ITo,n:aTKiB

ITpO

,BiciM

faJIIIl(bKO-BOJIIIHChKOrO

a6 0

,n:aJihHIIX

ropi!O

YKpai"HII.

ITOBIIHHiCTb

qaciB

6yno

,!J:BOpiiii(HOIO

To,n:iiiiHhOl

<j:>eo,n:aJibHa

3,n:BII2KeHa

PII6Hitt

3a

,n:aHi

3eMJiepo6CbKIIX

PII6Ha,

JIJOCTpau;itt,

CeJIJIHII

KOHKpeTHi

,ITiJihHIIX"

12

ITi,n:ca,n:KiB,

BiB'IapiB

OBe'IOMY 3araJibHY

Bi,n:

CIIpy cyMy

(8

9

JIKi

,,n:aBaJIII

K02KHOrO rp. 3JI.,

K02KHIIH),

24

ITO

1

KYHIII(i

CTa,n:a ,n:aBaJIII

rp.

ITO

ITO

ITCTpyry

(20

rp.)

6apaHy

(2

rp.)


ImocmpoeaHa Y HII

icmopi5l

KyTax

JIIOCTpaTop

TaK02K

BiBCa

17 4

ITO

BiCiM

IJopJI.I(

ITO.IJ:aTKII

11

.l(aBaJIII

3

Tpii

( a6 0

.I(Bi

.I(BOpiimHIIMII

Ha

32

KYHIIIJj

73

3 ,ociniix .IJ:BOpiima".

(a6o

rpiiBHi),

3a

K02KHY

.!(BOX

KypeH:

TyT

20

ITO Ha

ceJIJI-

rpiiBeHb),

3araJibHY

CYMY

rpiiBeHb.

CeJIJIH,

mo

cyMy

BiBqapiB,

ToM

3a<j:>iKcyBaB

ITO

Mal(

27

3JIOTIIX

KaTeropil

IlpuKapnammR.

O.IJ:IIH

JIKi

CeJIJIHaMII

He

MaJIII

15

3JIOTIIH

CITJiaqyBaJIII

2KIIJIII

CBO€l

.I(Ba

XaTII,

B

rpiiBeHh.

ITO.I(aTKII

Ha

ITi.l(cyci.I(KII

JIKi

.l(aBaJIII

KyTax

17

CYMY

y6ori .1(0

me

.I(BOpy

ITp02KIIBano

29

3JIOTIIX

rpii-

BeHb.

Y

PII6HiH:,

CiJihChKOl .I(BOpi.

BOHII

JlaHOBifq CBIIHeH

3.IJ:BII2KeHi

CTapiiiiiHII 6yJIII

.l(aBaB i

3a .l(aHIIMII

ceJIJIHII

me

,BiJihHi

a

CBIIHeH,

Ky"

CIToqaTKY

,CTal(iHHY

O.IJ:HY

K02KHIIH".

IJJiaTIIJIII

KeBIIqa, Ha"

-

a6o

me

H:

HHK;

51KIIJ;O

itiiiJia

BII.IJ:aBanacb -

3a

me

rpii

6iJihiiie,

,B

3JIOTIIX. xoqe

TOll,

CII

1110

JIKi TiM

qoJIOBiK

XTO

.l(a€

Ilo.l(aTKII

3

3

IIIiCTh

3

,iHIIIOrO

Mon.l(aBil,

OCKiJihKII

Kpa!O

Pych

TOMY,

Ha3IIBaJIIICh l(hOrO

lM,

3a

IT'JITOrO qlf

IIITypoKy,

CTapoe-

ITJiaTIIB KypeH:

2

.l(a€

3aMi2K

,r:t;Ba

BIIB03IIJIII

1,5

JIKOl-He6y.l(h

2KiHKa

3

3

HIIX".

pyiii51KIIJ;O

rpiiBHi,

a

MaHHO. ITJiaTIIJIII

ITpiiqlfHII

qoJIOBiKOM

2KIITII

B

3aiTII-

3JI.

,IToronoBqii3HOIO". l(iKaBe

CBO€MY -

HaKOITifqeHe

,p03ITYCTOIO", 3

y

3JIOTHX,

CITJiaqyBaB

i

KpiiiT 'JI-

,IToeMmii-

ypJI.IJ:HIIKOBi

IIaHa" BiH

I. II.

CKJia.l(aJiacb

BII.I(aBaJiaCb

ITJiaTIITb

Bi.l(

KyTax .l(aHIIH,

,.IJ:Ba.IJ:U:JITII-

ceJIJIHIIH

BIICJIOBOM

rpiiBeHh,

TaK 02K

6paTII

i

,0.1\HY

,CTal(iHHIIX

Ha3IIBaJIII

ITpiiBO.IJ:Y

aHi2K

K02KHOrO

CBO€BiJihHa

a6 0

-

Bi.l(

CaMe".

BIIme

BYJIIIKiB,

K02KHIIH

lEaH

ITO.I(aTOK.

TO

BOHII

JIIOCTpau;il

TO

3.IJ:BII2KeHi

KOpOJiiBChKIIX

O.IJ:py2KeHHJI

.l(iBqiiHa

ITpiiqiiHY

.l(aTII

3a

JIKmo

B

-

OTaMaH

.l(aBaB

XY.IJ:06II

3.1(BII2KeHi

ITO.IJ:aTKII,

TaK,

10

ITaHChKOMY

.l(eCJITIIHY

3ra.l(aHIIX

Bi.IJ:

ITOTiM

3aMKy"

3

PII6HiH:,

poraTOl

.l(ep2KaBHIIH

CeJIO

B

KpiM

PII6HiH B

TIIITY

2KiHKOIO,

ciipiT

rycTpiqaeMO ,Kpame

B

XJIOITU:JI

p03JiyqeHHJI,

ITO

II

me

,.IJ:O

Bi.l(

B

MaCJia,

,ITOKJIOHHe":

fyiTTa

KaTeropi!O

B

3.1(BII2KeHi

<l> e.I(Op

pp.,

a

B

CJiy2K6i

BOJiiB

yTpiiMaHHJI

IllopoKy

,Ha.IJ:3BIIqaH:Hi".

CITJiaqyBaJIII

3a

3a

iHIIIoro

aJie

.l(eCJITIIHy"

CbOMOrO,

3YCTpiqaeMo Ha

HaJIBHOCTi

ITOBIIHHOCTi.

<j:>acKy

ceni,

B.I(OBII

1563-1565

JIJIOBIII(IO"

ypJI.I(OBl(iB.

6yJIII

, OTaMaH

,6.IJ:2KiJihHY

3JIOTIIX

lcHyBaJIII

Bi.l(

,ITOBOJIOBmiiHy"

K02KHOrO

KyTax

JIKi

Bi.l( .l(aHIIHII",

KyTaX

JIIOCTpau;il

.l(aBaJIII

Bi.l(

TIIHChKIIX

B

HaTypaJihHi

Hy"

a

OTaMaHiB,

,BOJIOBmiiHy"

6.1(2KiJI,

ITepeBa2KaJIII

(BII2KHIIU:i)

-

aKTOBIIX

3ayBa2KeHHJI

JIIOCTpaTopa,


74

BoJtoiJuMup Y2Ke

XVI

B

cT.

Ha

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

fyu;ynhi)l)IHi

cnr-

KaeMocJI 3 IToqaTKOBIIMII <j:>opMaMII Bi.D:po6iTKOBOl

peHTII.

ITi.IJ:ripCbKIIX

Bi.IJ:po6iTKII,

HII30BIIHHIIX

JIKi

B

OKOJIIII(JIX

IlpiiKapiTaTTJI ITOBCIO.IJ:II icHyBaJIII B ripCbKIIX

ryu;yJihChKIIX

CeJiaX,

3BO.IJ:IIJIIICJI

.IJ:O .IJ:OCTaBKII .IJ:epeBa .IJ:O .IJ:BOpy qfi BapKy.

HaiTpiiKJia.IJ:,

TIIHChKoro B

PII6HiH

K02KHIIH Ha

.IJ:BOpa

ITO

KyTax

ceJIJIH

CHJITIIHChKIIH

XVI

(iJepeeopum,

em.)

fyu;yJihll(IIHII -

icHyBaJIII

CeJIJIHII,

.IJ:Ba

rOCITO.IJ:api

KII,

-

6i.IJ:Hi

i

(,y6ori")

XeTChKIIX

ceJIJIH

Ha Ha

BOJIO.IJ:iHHJIX,

ITOBIIHHOCTi MaETKax

lX

He

KaTeropil

XIV

B

ceJIJIH-ryu;yniB: BiBqapi,

Ca.IJ:KII qacTKOBO

p03BO.IJ:IIJIII

Ha

. .IJ:aBHiM"

ITpaBoM, MipOIO

CTaTyBaTII,

mo

Bci

.IJ:aHIIX

ITOJIOBIIHi

.IJ:BOpiiii(Hi,

Ha

IToqaTKY

CaMe: ITO

3aropO.IJ:HII-

ropO.IJ:II;

rOCITO.IJ:apCTBaX

ITpo

1x

XVII

lliJIJI-

KaTeropil

mo

ITiB.IJ:BOpiiii(Hi,

Bi.IJ:6yBaJIII

ITpiiBaTHIIX

B cT.

ITpiiBaTHIIX

6ynii

ITO.IJ:i6Hi

oropO.IJ:HIIKII,

ITepeBa2KHO

ITi.D:-

HaTypaJihHi

ITOBIIHHOCTi.

3.IJ:aBaJIII -

.IJ:aHIIHY

u;i

ITOBIIHHOCTi

XVII

cT .

3ri.IJ:HO 3i

KYHIIU:JIMII,

CTapopyChKIIMII

Ilpo COl(iaJibHO-eKOHOMiqHe HII

B

ITPIIITYCTIITII,

3aiTIICII JIIOCTpaTopa ITpO Te, Il(O CeJIJIHII,

rpOlliOBOIO

a

OCi.IJ:aJIII

3eMJii

CBOlX

ITp02KIIBana

2KaJih,

02KHa

BOHII

B

CeJiaX

ITOJIOHIIHaX.

ITeprniH:

BCi

rpornoBi

a6o

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

M

CeJIJIH,

ITi.IJ:Ca.IJ:KII

KJiaiTTIIKII

JIKe

MaTepian

KOpOJiiBChKIIX

ITiB.IJ:BOpiiii(aX;

JIKi

aJie,

, BCJIKoro,

KaTeropil

MaJIII

Ha

.IJ:epeBo".

JIKi

JIKi

.IJ:O

.IJ:BOpiiii(a

Ha.IJ:iJiaMII,

ripCbKIIX

BIIJIBJieHO.

lliJIJIXTII

i

Tpii

3

<j:>aKTifqHIIH B

ITOBIIHeH

3.IJ:BII2KeHi

3eMeJibHIIMII

CeJIJIHII,

CeJIJIHII,

BIIITaCaJIII

EinhrnicTh

OCHOBHOMY

Ha .IJ:BOpiiii(aX

KMeTi-BiBqapi OBel(b

B

3a6e3ITeqeHi

Y

.IJ:Bip

Il(O

Il(O

CHJITIIHChKoro

.IJ:epeB

HaBe.IJ:eHIIH

CHJI-

3o6oB'JI3yBaJIII

60H.IJ:apCbKe

CBi.IJ:qfiTh,

KMeTi

ceJIJIH

.IJ:epeBa.

.IJ:BOX

ITOTpi6He

3

TaK02K

<j:>iJih-

Bi.IJ:3HaqeHO,

6y.IJ:oBy

.IJ:Ba

ITOCTaBKII

naH

JIIOCTpau;il

CTapOCTBa

.IJ:OCTaBIITII

CeJt5lHUH

B

CTaHOBIIII(e

.IJ:OBi.IJ:YEMOCJI

ITJiaTIIJIII

rpiiBHJIMII,

cJiraiOTh

3

XV

,3Bifqall:HIIM" a6o

.IJ:aiOTb i

cTapoBIIHHOIO ITi.IJ:CTaBy

HaBiTh

XIV

CeJIJIH .IJ:eJIKIIX CiJI

iHBeHTapJI

KOH-

cT.

fyu;yJihll(II-

CHJITIIHChKoro

cTa-


lfllocmpoBaHa

icmopiR

1622

pOCTBa

p.

IlpwwpnammR.

CKJia.[(eHIIH

ITiCm!

75

3

ToM

Bi.[(OMOrO

HaiTa.[(y TaTap B

1620

p.

Ha

IloKyTTi, l[eH

iHBeHTapHIIH OITIIC BIIpa3HO CBi.[(qlfTb ITpO pi3Ke 3MeHIIIeH-

HJI

HaCeJieHHJI BHaCJii.[(OK

KiJihKOCTi

OITIIci

B.

C.

F.)

51ceHiB-IJiJihHIIH

6yno

B. F.)

-

7".

Ilo.IJ:i6Ha KapTIIHa OITIICaHa B

p.

TYT

HaJiiqyBaJIOCb BiciM

TaTapcbKa

HaBana

HaceneHHJI

,B

(38

ceJIJIH),

(63

Ko6aKax Pa3oM

3

ceJIJIH),

TIIM,

1622

p.,

1563

p.

CTBa

ITO

6aqiiMO, B

.[(aHIIMII

JIK

ChKoro

rociTo.[(apcTBa , pi3Hi,

i

HiCTIO HOrO

1

Bi.IJ:

B

B

6.[(2KiJI,

PyciB:

1620

ITiCJIJI

iHBeHTapi,

He

l[e

Ha

Ha

fyl[yJihiiiiiHi):

(39

PII6Hiil

ceJIJIH),

iHBeHTapJI CeJIJIHChKi

.IJ:O

3

l[hOrO

cTapoc-

CTapOCTBa

ITOBIIHHOCTi.

51KIIIO

1622

,3ri.IJ:HO

p.,

.[(Bopy, B

To,

PII6Hiil,

Ma€THOCTi

ryl[yJih-

.[(OM alii-

Ha

3arOTOBJIJIIOTb poKy,

rn:o

o6po6JIJITII KpiM OciHHIO

KICTb"

,3

l[e

)]:ani

p03Ka3y",

.[(epeBO

,Ha

Ilpii

.[(epeBo

ITCTpyriB,

a

K02K-

6y.[(OBY qiTKO

Heo6xi.IJ:HO TeCJIJI-

Bi.IJ:6yBaJOTh TaK

ITOBIIHHiCTb:

ITOITOB-

.[(Biqi

l[bOMY

MJIIIHapJIMII

Taro,

Bci

3aJiyChKIIX

ciHO.

, 3ri.[(HO

ITOTpe6y".

3arrncarro,

iHBeH-

CITpliTYIOTb", T06TO

3Ba-

,ITeBHY

BeJIIIKO.IJ:HJO

KiJihITO-

OpaHKa KiHbMU (oepeBopum,

3a

Ko-

3JI.",

, ... KOCJITb

B

ceJIJIHChKoro rociTo.[(ap-

CHJITIIHChKoro

cTapocTBa

2K

iHIIIIIX

B

p.

ceno

IT03HaqiinacJI

(To6To

ceJIJIH),

ITJiaTIIJIII

4

.IJ:O

JIK

Bi.IJ:po6iTKII.

.[(eHb

BCe Te

3aMKOBY

IT\

Mail2Ke

Ha piK .[(aBaJIII

.[(epeBa

qifHIIIi"

T aK,

3aiTIICaHO:

.[(OCTaBJIJIIOTb

MII".

.[(aHIIMII

KyTax

XY.IJ:06II,

3pocJIII

TaK

rpoMa.[(oJO JIJIX

iHBeHTapi c. a

p. p.

,.IJ:po6y".

51BHO Tapi

1620 1620

ceJIJIH).

36iJihiiiiiJIIICJI

,rpoiiioBi

Bi.[(

3a3HaqeHo

(22

(45

(ITicnJI

,OCa.[(",

IlpyToM"

CHJITIIHChKoro

KyTax

Hhoro

3

6oH.[(apcbKIIX

6aKax,

C eJI a x " , -

TeiTep

IIIJIJIXy". p.

3a

3anyqqi

pp.

iHBeHTapJI

.[(e CJITIIHII

1620

cenax

KyTax

KHJI2KOMY i .[(Ba

JIK

iHBeHTapHOMY

ITopiBHJOJOqii .[(aHi JIJOCTpal[il CHJITIIHChKoro

1553-1565

3a

6o,

TaTapCbKOMY

IlpoTe

KHJI2KOMY

TO

KiJihKa .[(eCJITKiB

ceJIJIH,

,Ha

ITi.IJ:.IJ:aHIIX,

B

(T06TO .[(0

3aJIIIIIIIIJIOCJI

KiJihKOCTi

a

, ... ITepe.[( TIIM

TphoxcoT

p03TaiiiOBaHe

TBa

TaK,

.IJ:O

TYT JIIIIIIIIJIOCJI

6yno

3aiTIICaHo:

HaiTa.[(y.

ceni

1620

.[(0

B

l[hOrO

BOJzaMu

XYI-XYII em.)


76 BIIHHiCTh KyTax

3):(aJOTh

i3

K02KHe Ilpo

ripchKi

6apaHiB

i

qe pe3

ITO

30

B

cena

Ha):(

p.

iHBeHTapi TaK:

Ha TOH

Ho,

He3a,[(OBrO ,[(0 TOrO BIIHIIKJIII.

YMOB

Ha

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

6yno

OCHOBHIIM

HIIM,

xoq,

JIK

BII!J:HO

BIIpOII(yBaJIII ciJIJIII

OBeC,

2KIITO,

BIIITaC

BII,[(OM

BJiiTKY

-

XY):(06II,

CiHa

Xy):(o6a

Ta

BiBl(i,

IIIKipii

BIIrOTOBJIJIJIIICb

KiHCbKa

OCb

36pyJI;

3ra):(yJOThCJI

B

i

y

Ha

3a

B

pp.

,[(aHIIMII

Eepe3oBi

150,

200,

-

qepeMOIIIeM,

J!K

B

,[(e

B

JlJOqi

B

TYT

):(pyropJI):(-

ryu;ynhChKIIX ,[(eJIKIIX

cenax CeJiaX

O,[(Jir,

qacy

200,

100

i3

(ITOCTOJIII),

XVI

ryHi,

cT.

,[(JIJI

JIKi

0T2Ke,

BIIp06HII-

rociTo):(apcTB. i

faJIIIU:hKoro p03BIITOK

p.

B

TaK02K

BiBqap-

100,

-

B

200,

B

250.

3aCBi):(qyJOTb B

6yKOBi

(2KOJiy):(iB). y

OBel(b:

,IJ:eJIJITIIHi

MIIKYJIIIqiiHi

BIIraHJIJIII

CBIIHett,

cTapocTe

TYT

HaJiiqyBaJIOCJI

,IJ:oniiiiHhOMY

,2KIIpy"

poraTa TaK,

3HaMeHIITi

3HaqeHHJI

YTopoiTax -

B3YTTJI

cepe):(IIHII

i

ITpO!J:YKTII,

BeJIIIKa

ITpii6yTOK.

y6opii,

1515

y

Bi):(ITOBi):(Hi

iHIIIIIH

BeJIIIKe

Bi,[(rO,[(iBJii

B,[(OCTaJib

-

p03BIITOK JiiCII

3a ,[(aHIIMII

3,[(BII2KeHi

ITOHa,[( aKTiB,

140,

y

180.

B

ITIICaB

TaK

Ha

rOCITO):(apCTBaX

OCHOBHOMY

<l>paHKO

Ha

Hatt6iJihiiiiiH

Eepe3oBi

,[(JIJI

tt

BepXHitt

MaJIO

100,

B

ryu;yniB.

KonoMIIHChKoro

HaJiiqyBaJIOCJI

faJIIIl(hKitt,

fyu;yJihll(IIHi,

lEaH

6yno

Matt2Ke Ha

2KIITeJii

,[(e

-

ITO,[(aTKiB,

B

QqeBII!J:-

TBapiiHHIIl(TBO

,[(aHIIHY,

MOJIOKa

HaceneHHJI

l(hOrO

CBIIHett

PII6Hitt

KyTax

B

MaTepiaJIII

CBIIHapCTBa

B

200,

-

cT.,

3aHJITTJI

rOJIOBHi

ITpO

fopiiiiHhOMY

IJeqeHi2KIIHi

TO):(i

CBi):(qaTb pe€CTpy

IIicTIIHi

AKTOBi

ITOTpe6

10

BiciM

CIIJIY OC06JIIIBIIX ITpiipO):(-

XVI

JIJOCTpau;iJix

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

CHJITIIHChKoro,

1563-1565

CTBa.

BOBHII

6iJihiiie.

3eMJiepo6CTBO

,[(aBaJIII

K02KYXII,

,[(eCJITIIHY,

ropox.

ITepepo6Ka

MOJIOKa,

,IJ:oBroiTiJIJIJI

Po3TOKaX 6yno

qaciB

36i2KeBy

qlf

OCHOBHi

OBeqol

ITPO!J:OBOJihqiix

JlJOcTpau;il 3a

ITJiaTIIJIII

KoponiBChKIIX

TBapiiHHIIl(TBO qifX

KpiM

3

cepe):(IIHII

ITpoco

3aroTiBJIJI

a

-

KyTax

):(epeBo.

iHIIIIIX ITOBIIHHOCTett

):(emo

B

B

pa3II

OBeqy

B

-

Hatl,[(aBHiiiiiiX

aKTiB

JIKIIM

qac

,IJ:oBroiTinni

rOCITO):(apCTBa,

3

pi):(IIIe

3

qoTIIpii

,[(a!O Tb

rociTo):(apcTB,

l(i OCeJii

ITO

PII6Hitt

coneBapH!O

, ... 2KO,[(HIIX

ryu;ynhChKIIX

HIIX

B

B

MJIIIHII

Ha

qepeMoiiieM

JIIIIII e

ITCTpyriB". a

Ha

3JIOTIIX.

!J:OCTaBJIJI€

Bi):():(aJieHiCTb,

cyXIIX

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

3BIIqa1B".

25

mopoKy

ryu;ynhChKi

3aiTIICaHO

qifHJITb

iHIIIIIX

,opeH):(He

rociTo):(apcTB

Po3TOKII He

,3ri):(HO

CITJiaqyJOTh

BoJtoiJuMup

3atl:MaJIIICJI

ITpO

nyKOBIIHChKitt CeJIJIH

Ta

3aKapiTaTChKitt

,[(OMiHyBaJIO

TBapiiHHIIl(TBO,

ITaCTyiiieHHJIM.

6yKOBIIHChKIIX

ryu;yniB:

l(hOrO

ITpiiBO!J:Y

,IlpiipO):(Hi

3

o6cTaBII-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

HII

TyTeiiiHiX

po6IIJIII

ToM

IlpuKapnammR. MeiiiKaHl(iB

77

3

ryl(yJiiB

rrepeBa2KHO

rracTyXaMII

BiBqapJIMII, CTpiJihl(JIMII Ta .n:epeBopy6aMII, piJihHIIl(TBO 3aHMaJIO JIIIIIIe .IJ:Y2Ke

MaJie

MiCl(e

B

lX

rOCIIO.IJ:apCTBi.

Bi.IJ:

BiKiB

BOHII

He

3HaJIII

IIaHIIIIIHII, 60 xoqa JiiCII H IIOJIOHIIHII B ropax 6yJIII IIOHa.IJ:aBaHi IIaHaM, aJie

Ti

IIaHII

B

IIOKa3yBaJIIICJI cKna.n:anii 1M 3BifqaH:

He

rrepeMiHIIB

iHO.IJ:i

H

y

TIIM,

qacy .n:o6poBiJihHi

l(iJiiM IIIO

CBOlM

lX

2KIITTi

HeBi.IJ:OMi

rro.n:apyHKII,

JIKi

He

IIi.IJ:.IJ:aHi 3 qacoM

Ha IIOCTiHHi".

2KIITTJI

ryu;yniB

KOJIOpiiTHO-II06yTOBi

TBa.

2KIIJIII,

B.IJ:OBOJibHJIJIIICJI

Bi.IJ: qacy .n:o

IIonoHIIHChKe Hi

ropax

TY.IJ:II,

piiCII

rrpoTJiroM

B

cToJiiTh

opraHi3au;ii:

BII3HaqiiJIO crrinh-

Bi.IJ:rOHHOrO

TBapiiHHIIl(-

IIpo rronoHIIHII i BIIrrac Ha i:x 3eJieHIIX rrnaJix xy.n:o6II, rrepeBa2KHO

1563-1565 pp. B

OBel(b, 3a<j:>iKCOBaHO B KOpOJiiBChKIIX JIIOCTpal(iJIX 3a

JIJOCTpau;il KonoMIIHChKoro cTapocTBa 3a 1565 p. 3arriicaHo: ,TaM, 3a KonoMII€10, JIIO.IJ:II

3

BpO.IJ:IITb

Ha

cnoBaMII

-

TaKIIX cin:

F.)

CiJI

6yKOBIIHi

rrycTIIHh

BiBl(i

2KIIp,

o6opii .IJ:JIJI

-

B.

cin.

Eo

BeJIIIKi nicii a2K .n:o 6e3 TOrO

rracyTh

6y.IJ:yJOqlf

2KIITJia ...

(rronoHIIH

l(iJIIIH

piK TaM

B.

-

CBIIHi, co6i

F.),

B

JIKIIX

OC06JIIIBO

KOIIIapii,

JIK

iHIIIIIMII

A rrepeBa2KHO rracyTh TaM BiBqapi 3

3 JlaHqiiHa, 3 lleqeHi2KIIHa, 3 KnJOqeBa, 3 CorropoBChKoro

(IIIerrapiBU:iB

B.

e .n:ociiTh niciB i

pi3HIIX

IIIOCb

F.)

i

TaM,

3 JIK

iHIIIIIX

EecKII.IJ:a e

MaJIII,

a6II

BuciH

oeeu,b

3eMJieBnacHIIl(hKIIX

Ka2KyTh,

He

Ha

e,

TaK

IIIO

Bci

(IIIJIJIXeTChKIIX rronoHIIHII

KoponiBChKi i TaK TPY.IJ:HO, IIaCJIII

B

no!lOHUHU

HIIX

CBOIO

III06 JIJO.IJ:II

xy.n:o6y".

Fyu,yflbU(UHU


78

BoJtoiJuMup

Y

KOpOJiiBChKiH

piiTbCJI

ITpo

ChKOMY

CTapOCTBi

Hifqqi, €

.l(e

.l(y2Ke

6yBa€

CiJI

3

JIKi

y2Ke

B

CBi.l(qaTb

MaJIII

OBel(b

,BeJIIIKi

CTa.l(a,

0T2Ke,

o

CBi.l(qlfTb

Bi.IJ:OMOCTi.

Ha

30KpeMa,

J!K

BII.IJ:HO

3.IJ:BII2KeHi

ITpO

TyT,

HaJIBHiCTh niciB

ciTpiiJIJia

TIIMII TaK

pii60JO

3aiTIICaHo

3.1(aBHa

XVI ropil

cT.

Ha

U:IIM

ceJIJIH

TaKe,

ITaCTYXII

KOpiiCTb".

cepe.l(

<j:>aK-

CeJIJIH-ryu;yniB

II(O

ryu;yJIII,

JIKi

ITaCOBIIII(a, .l(aBaJIII

.1(0

3aM02KHiCTb

Ane

II(O

y

JIJOCTpau;iH:

ryHi.

KYXHi

A

Bi.l(

Ti,

6apaHa

TiJihKII

Bipori.IJ:HO,

OKpeMIIX

BChOrO

ITO

i

II(O Clip

6yno TaK,

.l(aHi

3

BYJIIIKiB

y

B

Ma€TKaX.

JIK

cKyiTi

KonoMIIHChKoro,

1565

p.

CeJiaX

B

i,

Po2KHeBi

170,

CHJITIIHChKoro

ceJIJIH-ryu;yniB,

He

qacTO

OBel(b.

30BciM

KHJI2KOMY

y

B

ryu;yJihChKIIX

ripCbKIIX

JIJOCTpau;iH:

6yno

po3BIIBanocJI

B

OTapaMII

KiJihKa

3HaXO.IJ:IIMO

210,

KyTax

6araTo

T06TO

CHJITIIHChKoro,

ITOIIIIIpeHIIM

6.IJ:2KiJihHIIU:TBO. y

u:e

MaJIII

.1(2Kepenax

ITpiiBaTHIIX IIIJIJIXeTChKIIX

KYJihTIIBOBaHe

3YCTpiqa€MO

CTa.l(aMII",

OITIICaX H.l(eTbCJI ITpO <j:>eo.l(aJihHi ITOBIIHHOCTi, .l(eCJITIIHa".

KOTpOMY

co6i

BeJIIIKa

MII

O.I(HiH

.l(aBaJIII

,BeJIIIKIIMII

.I(OCIITb

HaiTeBHO,

y

TaM

Bi.I(3Haqa€TbCJI,

ITO

Ha

Jiicax

3eMJieBJiaCHIIl(bKIIX

6yBa€

3aiTIICaX

ITOrpa-

TIIX

pi.I(KO KOJIII

po6JIJITb

l(hOrO

TOrO

ryu;yniB

BYJIIIKiB,

130.

-

cTapocTBa.

3

qepeMoiiieM,

360

qifcJIIIJIOCh

i

B

.l(epeBa,

(O.IJ:HaKO

ITOJIOHIIHChKi

Bi.l( 6i.I(HIIX,

3

CTapOCTa,

Ha.IJ:

MeiiiKaJIII

Bi.I(MiHy

ITpOMIICJIII

faJIIIl(bKOrO

rOBO-

CHJITIIH-

3BifqaeM".

OBel(b,

iHIIIi

iHIIIOrO

.l(aHIIHY

3Bepx

TaK02K TOMY

piqKif.

p03IIIapyBaHHJI

Ha

rpOIIIOBY

CeJIJIH

rOCITO.I(apCTB

3

OITIICaX

BIIITaC

TO

BeJIIIKi

HaBKOJIIIIIIHiX

aKTOBIIX

B

HaJIBHiCTb

KiJihKaCOT

II p

B

MaHHOBe

Ha

II

ITaCOBIICbKO,

2KIIBYTh,

TaK,

COTHi

3BifqaiiHIIM

Ha

,B

MOJI.I(aBChKO-yropCbKOMY iHIIIi

i3

CTapOCTBa

CBIIHeH:.

3apO.I(IITb 2KIIp

II(O

ITpO

OBel(b

Ha

JIJIIIHOBOrO

TaM

ITepiO.I(.

nicax

Ta

3raHJIIOTb

CBIIHeH

XY.IJ:06II,

,BIIHaHMaJIII

,3a

6yno),

y

JiiCII

qepeMOIII

Bi.I(3HaqiiTII,

TOll

K02KHOl

BeJIIIKi

6yKOBOrO,

He

.I(JIJI

lJ,iKaBO

CHJITIIHCbKOrO

ITOJIOHIIHax,

J!K Ha 6yqiiHi

CTapOCTBa

KOIIIapii

Ha

TeqyTh

6araTO

H:oro

i

TII,

rip

OMeJia.

III06II

JIIOCTpau;ii:

BIIITac

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

BIIITa.I(KOBO,

3ra.l(y€TbCJI

mo

KOJIII

B

,6.1(2KiJihHa

HeKyJihTIIBOBaHe,

TaK

6.IJ:2KiJihHIIU:TBO. y

ryu;ynhChKIIX

po3BIITKY 6yJIII B

piKII

PII6HIIl(JI,

JIJOCTpau;il

fyu;ynhll(IIHi BII.IJ:OM

ropax

6araThOX

pii6onoBCTBa

icHyBaB

IJpyT;

,piKa

ITpOMIIcen

Ta

piqoK,

BeJIIIKIIX

Oco6JIIIBO

IJpyT

6ara-

pii6HOIO",

-

cTapocTBa.

3aH:MaJIIICJI

oropo.IJ:HIIKII

piK

MIICJIIIBCTBa.

CHJITIIHChKoro

MIICJIIIBCTBa

ITi.l(ca.I(KII,

i

Ha

KYHIIl(h.

ITepeBa2KHO BiBqapi.

B

B

cepe.IJ:IIHi

6i.IJ:Hi

KaTe-

<j:>eo.l(aJihHY


lfllocmpoeaHa

icmopiR

IIOBIIHHiCTb y

BXO.[(IIJIO

PII6Hiit

(20

rp.),

B

a

.[(aBaTII

rp.),

3

iHIIIe

KYHIIIJj

3.[(BII)KeHi

BCi

a6 0

3aropo.IJ:HIIKII

IIJiaTIITII

(a6o

IIi.[(Ca.[(KII

CeJIJIHII

79

3

ToM

3a HIIX

rri.[(ca.[(KII)

. .[(aBaJIII

306oB'JI3yBaJIIICJI

qifHIII.

.[(aBaJIII

ITO

3

TaK,

,rro

(20

KYHIIIJj"

KO)KHOrO

.[(BOPIIIIIa

KYHIIIJj"

IJOJIIOBaJIII B

p. B

KyTaX

ITO

3.[(aBaTII

1563

B

KYHIIIJj

IIpuKapnammR.

ryl(yJIII

CeJIJIHIIH

i

Ha

JIIICIII(h,

60

306oB'JI3yBaBCJI

IIpii

,Bi.[(XO.[(i"

.[(aBaTII

IIaHy

3

O.[(HOrO

,JIIICifqHe

CeJia

a6o

30

rpoiii".

C OJIJIHi

.IJ:)K e pen a

6ypXJIIIBOMY HOBOIO

IIpiiBi.[(

KaM'JIHIIX

.[(JIJI

fYliYJihiiiiiHi

COJIJIHIIX

IIpOMIICJIOBOrO

MiTIIBHIIX

erroxy

Ha

p03BIITKY

i

3HapJI.[(b

IIpiiiiYIIIeHHJI,

B

.[(OCTOBipHIIX

KaprraTChKIIX

KHJI3iBChKIIX 6IICTh

1164

coni

COJieBapeHb

p.

CBi.[(qlfTb

3ariiHYJIO Y.IJ:eqa"

Bciit

IIOHa.[(

JIIIIIIe

cinh

PychKiit rrpo

Te,

,BeJIIIKIIMII

(HIIHi

300

Kpa!O.

IIIaXT

IlpiiKaprraTTi

a6o

crrpiiJIJIII CTaJIO

3HaXi.[(KII y

IIOpO.[(i

.[(06yBaJIII

3ra.[(y€TbCJI

3

qaciB

OCIIpii-

.[(a!OTb

ciJih

y

3aiiiiC,

KIIi:BChKY

3eMni". IIIO

i3 60

COJieToprOBl(iB,

CT.).

IIIO

y)Ke

icHyBaHHJI

B

He

JIKi

B

p.

qac

lXaJIII

KII€BO-

BHaCJii.[(OK

Ha.IJ:XO.IJ:IIJia

IrraTiEBChKoro

faJIIIl(bKOrO IIi.[(

IIpii-

.[(ep)KaBII

TaK,

1096

B

Pych

3arriic

CiJih

rrpo

.[(aBHbOpyChKOl

(lX-XIII

BaJIKaMII",

-

,He

niTorriicy

IlpiiKaprraTTJI

IIOBeHi

Ha

,JIO.[(iJIMII

3

)lHiCTpi CiJIJIIO

i3

2KII.IJ:aqiB).

faJIIIl(bKO-BOJIIIHChKOMY

IIIICel(b

B

qaciB

COJieBapiHHJI

na.[(y.

3YCTpiqaeMO

Mi)Kyco6IIllh

p03B03IIJiaCb

Y

IIIO

i

)KlfTTJI

CTapiiX

KHJI3iBCTBa

rraTepiiKY

rro

6iJIJI

.[()KepeJiaX

faJIIIl(hKO-BOJIIIHChKOro IJeqepCbKOMY

Hait.[(aBHiiiiiiX

TOproBeJibHOrO

rrepBicHoo6IIIIIHHoro

IJpoTe

3

IIpOMIICJiiB,

Ha3IIBae

JiiTOIIIICi

,KOJIOMIIitChKOIO".

1241

p.

ryl(yJihChKY

BiH .IJ:OKJia.[(HO orriicye,

CiJih JiiTOIIIO

llli

cinh

11

a S3QH1M :J/Ce xni6i» OT PYKY ero"- aKH MMn. M CSbTC.rb nMMCQ. II CeMy" 'IIOACCM ( M Mwy, spocny T niWMMM MYJK SeKwy, «MilO III iipCKOpMH Sian r'l MMa", M Mllorllllh Ha Monay Cina .. HrAa CsQTMiionKb CT> AaHMnoM paTb aa'!acTa H npo BacMnbKosy cninoTy, cJKe OCJliHB Cii.rrrorroJJKTi, i10cnywasr AasMAa liropowi'la, c BonoAapeM* H caMiM BacMnbKOM, a He MyeTMwa rocTeM M3 ranl1'la, HM noniM (172 o.) oT' nepeMMWnQ, n Be Cucmb conM aLl. sees' l'ycKOM aeMQM" '" •I n .. · MeynpasneMia · 6inHa', K ceMy " ipaCnewa pc'l«: .cMiAaiOil!a niOAM ci10a' si> xni6a YaaKOHMna·, QKOaM 111 , 1, 1, , ' MiCTM. FocnnOA He npM3Sa'iMa". II 6 i SHniTn TOrAn ey'il!Ma niOAM Bb senHYpueoK Mbtcyco6UU,b BoJZoOapR

3

,Kueeo-IIe'tepcbKozo KUi'BCbK020

6yJZo

KH5l35l

npunuHeHo

namepuKa

flponOJZKa

npuei3

coJZi

npo

me,

npaeumeJZR

i3

140

nio

'lac

FaAUU,bKoi'

IIpuKapnammR

Ha

3eMAi

Kui'BU(UHY


Bo!loiJuMup

80

Fpa 6oeeu, bJW i1

Harre2Karra Jl:O ,[(ep2KaBHIIX Ma€TKiB KHJI3JI )J,aHIIrra PoMaHOBIIqa, i rrpiiBi,[( ll IIpO,[(a2Ky

6yTKII 0,[(HaK cirri>"

HIIIJIII Ha

raJIIIrrhKi

6oJipii

iHTepecax

BrracHoro

36araqeHHJI.

B

Ilpo

,corrJIHe ,[(2Keperro

3ra,[(KY

,opy2KHIIKiB"

CaMOBJia,[(Hi

1367

rri,[(

tt,[(eThCJI

rrpo

p.

B

B ryuyrrhChKOMY aKTOBIIX

,corrJIHY BOJl:Y" y

-

KHJI3iBChKIIX

BIIKOpiiCTOByBaJIII

3arriicax

,BiKHi"

cerri

YToporrii

23

Biil:

BIIJIBJieHo

1482

qepBHJI

(KpiiHIIrri),

a6o

,pocorr"

poBIIrrJI) B c. YToporrii rro6rrii3Y IIicTIIHi. rarriirrhKIItt icTopiiK A. pyiiieBIIq, IIOCIIJiaiOqlfCb Ha 3aiiiiC ,AIIOCTOJia", BII,[(aHoro y KII€BO-IJeqepChKitt JlaBpi, Hi

B

YToporrax

Iliil:

1472

Ha3IIBarrii,

B XIV

y2Ke

p.

CTBep,[(2KY€

B

p. (co-

C.

IleT-

1695

p. B

icHyBaHHJI TaKOl COJieBap-

cT.

B Jl:OKyMeHTax

,2Kyrra"

rrpo

BOlHiB.

,KOJIOMIIHChKY

KocoBi,

3ra,[(y€TCJI KyTax

Ta

correBapHJI

a6o,

TOJl:i H

JIK

iHIIIIIX MicrreBOCTJIX

fyuyrrh-

II(IIHII. 3a ,[(aHIIMII JIIOCTpaTopa, B 1563 p. y CHJITIIHCbKOMY CTapOCTBi ,qBepTb MIIJii Bi,[( KocoBa 6yJIII KOpOJiiBChKi COJIJIHi 6aHi, JIKi IIaHII,

,[(ep2KaJIII IIOHa,[(

30

CHJITIIHChKi

qepeHiB,

B

CTapOCTII,

JIKIIX

CiJih

6paJIII

BapJITb".

3

HIIX

BIICJiiB

3aB2K,[(II

II02KIITOK, B

aKTaX,

€ II(O

CTapOCTII rri COJieBapHi ,3aB2K,[(II ,[(ep2KaJIII", rrepeKOHY€ rrpo icHyBaHHJI 1x

rrre

XV

Jl:O

fyuyrrhChKi TO,[(iiiiHhOIO

cT. correBapHi

XV

B

rrepiiiitt

o<J:>irriHHOIO TepMiHOJIOri€IO,

rrorroBIIHi

cT.,

3a

B IIOKYTChKIIH

Kpatt

3 BIIpo6HIIrrTBa corri, TOMY B aKTax XVI-XVIII cT. 1x Ha3IIBarrii

,6aHi

IIOKYTChKi" a6o rreHTpiB -

,2KYIIII IIOKYTChKi", Ha Bi,[(MiHy Bi,[( iHIIIIIX COJieBapHIIX

TIIpJIBa CirrhHa Ha CaHiqqifHi,

Hi, )J,poro6IIq

3 HaBKOJIIIIIIHiMII

Y XVI-XVII JIII

cT.,

KpiM

B 6araTbOX iHIIIIIX

JlaHqiiHi, ChKoro

BXO,[(IIJIII

XVII

Eepe3oBi,

cTapocTBa,

Ha3IIBaJIII,

,BiKHO

<j:>rropeHiB.

)J,o

YToporriB,

cerrax

1622

COJIJIHe",

rri€1

CTapa Cirrh Ha CaM6iprrriipattoHII

KocoBa,

fYrrYJihll(IIHII

KocMaqi B

cerraMII,

T. ,[(.

p.

B c. 3

correBapHi

JIKOl

-

KyTiB,

cirrh rrpo,[(yKyBa-

)J,eJIJITIIHi,

3a ,[(aHIIMII KyTII

Karryiiia i )J,orriiHII.

6yrra

IIJiaTIIJIII

IJeqeHi2KIIHi,

iHBeHTapJI KpiiHIIrrJI

IIO,[(aTOK

cTapocTIIHChKIItt

YPJiil:

CHJITIIHa6o,

JIK H

II(OpOKY

30

3o6oB'JI3yBaB

cerrJIH PII6Ho1, Ko6aKiB i KyTiB, rrropiqHo K02KHoro rocrro,[(apJI 30KpeMa,

,IIpiiB03IITII

3BIIqatlHO, qacOM

4 pa3II ,[(epeBa".

6araTO

COJIJIHIIX

,[(2Keperr

3

TIIX

qlf

iHIIIIIX

3HIIKaJIII, rrepeBa2KHO 3a 6paKOM COJIJIHOl pOIIII -

IIpiiqlfH

3

,COpOBIIrri".

TaK, B 1646 p. B aKTi B03HOrO Bi,[(3HaqaJIOCJI, II(O B IJeqeHi2KIIHi ,Ha,[( IIOTOKOM bOJibliiOBChKIIM, KpiM

KrriOqiBCbKOl 6aHKII, 6yrra II(e

CorriE-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

CbKa 6aHJI, To6To

ane Terrep

( ... )

3aHerrana.

6a'!IIna

,Micu;e

ConeBapHi

IIInJIXTII,

JIKa

IIInJIXTII'I

6aHKII,

KpiM

JIK

ryu;ynhChKIIMII

cenax YToporrii,

yKpai"HChKoro

me

CorriBChKOJO

IIIIIpOKOrO

TOMY

aKTi,

'IIICni

TaK,

y

T errTyKoBII'I,

1482 p.

IIicTIIHChKa

BnacHiCTb iHIIIOrO <j:>eo.n:ana -

conJIHOJO

JKyrroJO

Bono.n:iB

BOEBO.IJ:a CTerraH

COnJIHIIX

fyu;ynhll(IIHi,

o6po6iTKY coni, ll BIIB03Y i TOpriBni

BnacHIIKOM

3eMneBnacHIIK,

( B axHo) B

3 XIV cT.

Ha TepiiTopil H:oro

p03BIITKY Ha

CTapOCTIIHChKIIX,

cenaMII.

B acbKO

rroxo.n:JKeHHJI HIIMII

ConJIHi .IJ:JKepena 3Haxo.n:IIniich

B

B

6ynii B rrpiiBaTHIIX pyKax

IIicTIIHh 6yB 6araTIIH

Ha rro'IaTKY XVII cT. 6pau;naBChKIIH

BHacni.IJ:OK

3aiiiiCaHO

KOponiBChKIIX a6o

B XV-XVII cT.

Bono.n:ina TO.IJ:i

IlpoKorroBII'Ia.

rraTTi,

81

3

He.n:ocTaqy pocony crrycTOIIIIInacb",

YTOpOIICbKa coneBapHi rrepeiliiinii

IBaHa -

l(i€l

KyTax,

rrpe.IJ:KII JIKoro Bono.n:inii i

qepe3

fyu;ynhll(IIHII, KocoBi,

coneBapeHh y

ToM

KOMiCiJI".

rpo.n:cnKa

TaKIIX JIK y

IlpuKapnammR.

XVI

MaETKy.

IIpOMIICniB

BIIp06IInacJI

He!O.

y

IloTOU:hKIIH.

Ha u;ina

IlpiiKapCIICTeMa

)l:ocni.IJ:HIIKII CIIpaBe.IJ:niiBO

BBaJKa!OTb, II(O TeXHiKa BIIp06HIIl(TBa i TeXHi'IHa TepMiHonoriJI coneBapiHHJI,

JIKa

CKnanacJI

B

.IJ:aBHbOpyChKIIH

XV-XVII

CT.

TBa,

3acTocoByBanacb y XV-XVIII

mo

J!K BII.IJ:HO 3 TepMiHonoril,

rrepiO.IJ:,

36eperniiCb

y

OCHOBHa TeXHiKa BIIp06HIIl(cT.,

6yna BIIpo6neHa 3a qaciB

KIIlBChKOl Pyci. J!K 3ra.n:yeThCJI y .IJ:JKepenax rrepiiio1 rronoBIIHII XVI

cT.,

cinh,

JIKi

<j:>opMOBaHy

pyciiHII

B

TOIIKII,

Ha3IIBaJOTh qepeHaMII".

.n:aBHbopychKoro .IJ:IITh, oqeBII.IJ:HO, Ilpou;ecoM

cnoBa

a

TO

rrpaconiB

H

6inhiiie

(qepiHh)

3 .n:aBHbopychKoro

3aH:ManiicJI

po3B03IInii cenJIHII,

'IyMal(bKIIX B

IIaTenbHJIX,

rroxo.n:IITh

rrepio.n:y

3

rroxo-

crreu;ianhHi

co-

H a3Ba IIOXO.IJ:IITb Bi.IJ: IIO.IJ:aTKY, II(O Ha3IIBaB-

Cinh rroBCJO.IJ:II

3YCTpiqaeMo

MeHIIIIIX

U:IIX qepeHiB.

peani3au;il ryu;ynhChKOl coni

,rrpoconKa"

.IJ:Ba,

Ha

Ha3Ba , qepeH

, qepeH",

KOHCTPYKU:iJI

neToproBu;i a6o rrpaconii. CJI

,BapJITb

c.

B03iB.

KnJO'IiB

B

rroci.n:aJO'III O.IJ:IIH,

1591

OIIIICaX

KonoMIIHChKoro

p.

TaKIIX

rroBiTy.

BoHII

Manii 4-8 MaJK (B03iB), crrnaqyBanii, 3ri.IJ:HO 3 CeHMOBOIO IIOCTaHOBOIO, ,pi'IHIIH IIO.IJ:aTOK Bi.IJ: rrpaconbCTBa" pOM -

IIO.IJ:aTKOBIIM KBiTOM -

pliHII(IIHY i

i

3 BII.IJ:aHIIM Bi.IJ:IIOBi.IJ:HIIM rrarre-

BIIB03IInii cinh

Ha IJo.n:innJI,

y JliiTBY.

Y Tepe6oBnJIHChKIIX rpO.IJ:CbKIIX KHIIrax 3a 1591 ,IIO.IJ:aTKOBIIX

Ha.IJ:.IJ:Hiii-

KBiTiB",

BII.IJ:aHIIX

coneToprOBl(JIM

Ha

p.

3HaXO.IJ:IIMO KOIIil rrpaBO

TOpriBneJO

cinn10. B O.IJ:HOMY 3 HIIX HarriicaHo: , III II6op Baci'IIIHChKIIH, raniiU:hKIIH


82

BoJtoiJuMup KOJIOMIIHChKIIH

3aiiJiaTIIB

H:oro

rrpacoJihCTBa JIKIIH

3aTpiiMaHIIH. ChKIIil". BaHIIX

ll,e

IliicaHo 6yJIII

3

IIIJIJIXaMII

KOM BJKe

qepe3

C.

C.

IJ'JI.[(IIKII

B

MIIl

pp.,

orriicax, Ha

CXi.[(

3a

MIITHi

1637

II(06

p. 3

Hi.[(e

MIIxaH:no

MiCT

i

CiJI,

BIIB03IIJIII a

Ha

p.

CeJiaMII

KonoMIIHChKIIX

3ra.[(y€TbCJI

,CTapa

Ha3IIBa€TbCJI 3

,coJIJIHIIH lJ,eHJIBOIO

CeJIJIHII

coni,

BiJihHO

3

.[(OpO-

-

qepe3

60

JIK

JIKi

3

ciJIJIJO

Ha

yci

O.[(HOCeJibqaHaMII,

Be3JIII

II O.IJ:iJIJIJI

Ha

Ha

36iJKJKJI

Ha.IJ:-

i

BII.[(HO

Ha

B OHII,

IIpiiKJia.[(i

rropyiiiyJOqii 36II-

qyMal(bKIIH

3aiiJiaTIIBIIIII MIITa",

MIITHi

JIK

CeJIJIH

IIOCTaHOBII, Ha

.[(JIJI TOMY

o6MIIHaTII

CTaHu;il.

,He

qlf

TiJihKII

MIITHi

HaJIII

CO!lemop20BU,i

IIO.[(a-

CBOlMII

i,

ciflb

Kono-

3i

JiiBCbKOrO

YKpai"Hy

3

qepe3

,CIIpJiraJIIICb

paJIIICb

B03UflU

paHiiiie,

HIIIOB

fepaciiMOBa,

BeJtuKy

a

Hel

3a3Haqe-

CIIJiaTIIBIIIII piqHifll

rrpolJK.[(JKaJIII

COJieToprOBl(i,

5/KUM

qepe3

IJ'JI.[(IIKaMII".

CeHMOBi

(MaJ!Ca),

BJiaCHII-

Ill, e

CiJIJIIO.

JIKIIH

3

Typel(bKa",

OKOJIIII(h,

rocTIIHel(h, i

6araTi CeJIJIHII-IIpaCOJIII,

ni.[(Hiiiii

.[(Opora

ryu;yJihCbKOIO

KoJIOMIIl i

Mill(aH

HaMaraJIIICh

Fyu,yflbU{UHU

p03TaiiiO-

.[(aJii

,COJIJIHOIO",

o6MiHy

3

6yB

CnaBiH-

cTapoBIIHHIIMII

fBi3.[(el(b,

cinh

Bi3

ceH:Mi, He

CTapOBIIHHOIO 3Bi.IJ:TII

.[(HiiipliHII(IIHY

'fyMaU,bKUU

Bi.[(

IIpOMIICJiiB.

HaiipliMKY

COJieToprOBl(iB

rreperrpo.[(aJK CTaHu;il.

1691

KonoMIIl,

crropy

l(JI .[(Opora

Mill(aHII

3BIIqailHO, JIIIIIIe TOK

orriici

rroKa3yBaJIII MiJK

B

KnJOqeBa

YKpai"Hy.

rrpii B

BaJIKII

1618-1620

HO

IJ'JI.[(IIKII

iHIIIOMY aKTi

IIpOXO.[(IIJIII B

aKTi

COJieToprOBl(i

3

(rro6op)

BapiiiaBChKOMY

KBiTy€MO,

BIIXi.[(l(i

COJieBapHIIX

IlaBJIO IIO.[(aTOK

BOJihHOMY H:oro

COJieToprOBl(i,

.IJ:O

mo

piqHifll

10. 05.

KonoMIIl

Bep6iJK

Ha

Ha

KBiTOM

paHOHi

5!6nyHiB,

O.IJ:HOMY

B

B

qifHJO,

MIIJIOCTi

yxBaJieHi

B

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

qepe3

Bi.IJ:OMO

TIIM

<j:>aXOBi

Tepe6oBJIJIHII(IIHY B

B03II,

Bi.[(6yBCJI.

rrepeBaJKHO

CiJih roJO

4

3a

He.[(aBHO

rro6opu;a.

KOpOJiiBChKiH

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

KOpOo6MII-

CTaHu;il.

HaK 1x crriH:MaJIII

Bi3

0.[(-

Tepe6oB-

IIoiJiJtfl5l JIJIHChKi

1585

p.

i

MIITHIIKII

B

IIpiiTJirHyJIII

.[(0


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

Bi.Il:IIOBi.r~;arrhHOCTi. TiB

Ha

MIITO

rpoiiiax,

3ri)(HO

HiXTO

BJiaCHIIKII B

a

1647

p.

B

BaJIO

20

10

M.

C.

3

Be2K

JIKi

Hi2KIIHIIIIIHII,

C.

B

B

lX

Ha

Bi)(

BIITKY

30BHiiiiHhOrO rroqaJIII

peMiCHIIqi

BIIpo6II

3rO)(OM

y

TOMY

CeJIJIHChKIIX.

5

Y

cerrax

HarriqyBarrocb

-

3aJIIIIIIa-

T06TO

B2Ke

B

HIIX

-

correBapiHHJI

Ta

3a

3ra)(KII

rrpo

JIK a6o

rpoiiii,

p.

mo

peMiCHIIqi

KepaTHIIKII

1563

Ta

cepe)(

iH.

cerrJIH

6e3IIepeqHo,

iHIIIi

XVII

MiCTa

Ha

36yBaJIII

MicTax

MicTeqKax

IIIJIJIXTIIqeBi

IIOXO-

CiJih.

rrorroBIIHi

ryi(yJIII

cT.

COJieBapeHb

)(epeBo

liKe,

IJeqe-

XVIII

cepe)(IIHi )(JIJI

3Bapiiqi,

3Bapiiq,

0cKiJihKII

B

3a

,2KYIIHII-

KociBIIIIIHII,

iHIIIOMY

IIIIChMOBi

TO)(i

Ha3IIBaJIIICJI

)(epeBO qii

BapiiJIII

rrepiiiiH:

ryi(yJihChKIIX

6aHi,

cTapocTBa

II(O

Bi)(OMIIX

B

rrpai(IO-

a

correBapHJIX

3aroTOBJIJIJIII

BIIHIIKaTII,

y

)(e

Be2Ki",

,BiKHaMII"

correBapHi

rrpi3BIIII(e

piiHKy.

cirrh

HarrpiiKJia)(,

6aHi,

T06TO

HaBKOJIIIIIIHix

COJieBapHJIX

XV -

qiiHIII

correBapHJIX

COJieBapHIIX

CIIiJihHIIMII

IIeBHIIH

piiHKaX.

XJIOIIChKIIX

rriic-

CeJIJIHII

peMiCHIIKII.

CHJITIIHChKoro

TBapiiHHIII(TBa,

rrepiO)( JIIIIIIe

B

3YCTpiqaiOThCJI

peMiCHIIKiB,

B

,4

IIOBIIHHiCTb

3ra)(y€TbCJI

fyi(yJihii(IIHi

4

)J,errJITIIHIIIIIHII

cerrJIHII

Ha3BII

ryi(yJihChKIIX

3arOTOBJIJIJIII

)(OXO)(II.

cT.

Ha

,6e3

0KpeMi

CIIJiaqyBaJIII

30BHiiiiHiX

cTapocTIIHChKIIX

Taro,

CiJIJIIO".

,XJIOIIChKIIX",

i

IIaHChKi

ryi(yJihChKIIX

Po3BIITOK Ha

6yrro

OCHOBHi

JIIOCTpai(il

3)(BII2KeHa

)(IITb

7

OCHOBHOMY

XV

3

rrpo<j:>ecil TaK,

Ha

KpiM

CTaHOBIIJIO Y2Ke

i

i

rrpai(IOBaJIO

qeperraMII

6e3IIJiaTHY

cTapocTi.

KyrrrreHy

516rryHiBIIIIIHII,

CeJIJIHII

<j:>eo)(aJibHY

i

o6crryroByBarrii

rri)()(aHIIMII".

TaKi

3

po3rropJI)(2KeHHJIMII,

TOpryBaTII

COJieBapeHb

rraHChKIIMII.

CeJIJIHII

CerrJIHII,

rrpaBa

83

3

ypJI)(OBIIMII

3HaXO)(IIJIOCb

JIKIIX

3

ToM

BHyTpiiiiHiX

3apiqqJI

crrirrhHIIMII

COJIJIHIIX

Ha

)J,eJIJITIIHi

Be2K,

rrpai(IOBaJIII

MII

3

MaB

3aroToBrreHy

qacTKOBO

JIOCJI

He

HeBeJIIIqKIIX

36yBaJIII

cyci)(HbOMY

IlpuKapnammR.

cirrhChKi cT.

fyi(yJihii(IIHi Xy)(o6y,

pii6y

CHJITIIHi

KocoBi,

rrpoMIICJIII

crrpiiJIJIII B i

po3I(eH )(eJIKi

KorroMIIl,

)J,errJITIIHi,

a

Ha)(BipHiH:,

II eqeHi2KIIHi. MicTo

CHJITIIH

po3TaiiioBaHe

nyKOBIIHII, HacerreHHJI rpiiMyBarro pi3Hi

TiCHi

IIOpO)(II

OBei(b.

XV

CHJITIIHa

cT.

Y B

3)(aBHa

3B'JI3KII

XY)(06II,

CHJITIIHi MicTi

)(e

B

3

Ha)(

piqKoiO

CXpeii(yBaJIIICJI 3aH:MarrocJI ryi(yJiaMII,

TOMY

qiicJii

Bi)(6yBaJIIICJI

rrocerriiJIIICJI

peMecrroM JIKi

KYIII\i,

KOp)(oHi IIIJIJIXII.

TopriBrreiO,

36yBaJIII

lipMapKII

BipMeHChKi

i

Ha

TOproBi

IIpiiraHJIJIII

MaCOBO

BeJIIIKi

IlpyToM

Ba2KJIIIBi

Ha

rri)(-

lipMapKII

IIOJIOHIIHChKIIX TOprii.

JIKi

Y2Ke

B

3)(iilcHIOBarrii


84

BoJtoiJuMup

ToproBeJihHi nj

i

3B'JI3KII

peMiCHIIKII

JIIOCTpaTOp lipMapKII

Ha,n:

BCi

cT.

TpOM.

6yna

U:YJihll(IIHII, JipMapKax

yci€1

YKpai'HII,

B

XIY-XY

1456

p.

JIKIIM

3

Ka3iMip

3

CiJIJIIO

a6o

rrpo,n:aBaJIII

HaKa3,

Ha)J;TO

YTIICKaB

KYIIU:iB

Ha

rroqaTKY

XVI

3

l(hOrO

IJ p 0

qacy

He,n:aJieKO -

IIaHII B

€ -

6y,n:yqlf 6yno

TOrO

MiCTeqKQ

PIIKOBIIM".

cMepTi

HaJie2KaJio

M.

c.

3

B

l(eHfy-

piqHIIX

XVII

fyn:ynhll(IIHII,

CT.

a

H:

BII)J;a€

3

He

Koporrn:JI, MIIHaJIII

i

Toil,

TOBapii

B

coni.

HaKa3,

3a

i',n:yqii

Ha

MiCTa, XTO

ITO

YKpalHII.

cKna,n:y"

crren:iaJibHIIH

Mill(aHaM.

peqi

apTepi€10

TepiiTOpiJIMII

CHJITIIHa

a

CIIO-

rropyiiiyBaB

KOH<j:>iCKOByBaJIIICb.

KOJIOMIIHChKOMY

CTapiiH:

qBepTb

3

rraTpiil(iaTy

HIIX

B

l(hOrO

CHJITIIHChKoro rri,n:,n:aHi

6paJIII,

3

i

Ta

cnyrii

PIIKiB. MiCTeqoK.

!J:OBi,n:yeMOCJI pp.

,TaM B

,n:ep2KaJIII

60

rraH

MiCTeqKQ,

6y,n:IIHKax, TYT

,6araTO

B

TeHqiiHChKoro,

30,

TeHqiiHa, JIKOMY

Ha3BaHo

OCiJIII

iHIIIIIX

JIIOCTpa-

IIOHa,n:

3

a

3 2Ke

CHJITIIHChKi

qepeHiB

He6i2KqiiK

rraHa

Micn:eBoi'

i

IIIIIIIeTbCJI

JIIOCTpan:il,

cTapocTII i

-

3aCHyBaB

OKOJIIII(b

MiCT

MiCTa

3aB2K!J:II

6aHi

Micn:i

1553-1564

3a

rro6y,n:oBaHIIX BII!J:HO

Ha

fyl(yJihll(IIHi

ryl(yJihChKIIX

JIKi

n:iH:

CTapOCTOIO,

KociB Ha

MIIJIIO,

6aHi,

Ilpii

J!K

MiCTO

3HIIKHeHHJI

II02KIITOK

cyci,n:HiX

PIIKiB,

Ha

IIOJIOBIIHi

CTaJia OCHOBHOIO

cTapocTBa

Ha

rocrro,n:apcTB,

IIIJIJIXTa

TaK02K

l(eHTp

2KIITTJI.

,ronoBHoro

JiiTOIIIIC

COJIJIHi

BapJITh.

CHJITIIHChKIIM

Mill(aHII, rricJIJI

i

JlnBiB,

BO!J:HOqac

iHIIIIIMII

IIiJihrii

rrepiiie

IIIBII)J;Ke

KocoBa

CTapOCTII

60

6inJI

CHJITIIHChKoro

cinh

HOrO

rroqiiHa€TbCJI i

i

COJieToprOBl(iB-ryn:yniB.

cT.

KOpOJiiBChKi

JIKIIX

a

Hailrrepiiii

TOproBeJibHIIM

JIIIIIIe

TOBapaMII,

3HaqHi

3aCHOBaHe

3aCHyBaHHJI

JIJOCTpan:il

U:il,

Ha,n:aBaB

6yno

Ta

KonoMIIl,

3aTpiiMyBaBCJI,

IIpiiBiJieH

KOpOJiiBChKIIH

Kpai'H.

KOJIOMIIHChKIIM

TaKIIH

COJieBapHi

He

rrpaBo

iHIIIIIMII

CiJih

Kyrr-

BeJIIIKOMY TOproBeJib-

rrepiiiiil

J!raHJIQHqlfK

OKOJIIIU:h

Ha

faJIIfq

TOproBeJibHe

KoJIOMIIJI

,n:icTano

Ha

XV

fyl(yJihll(IIHOIO

MicTo

KOpOJih

IJo,n:iJIJIJI

l(eH

cT.

ceJIJIHII

qaTKY

BIIHIIKHeHHJI

Mi2K

IJpyT

IloKyTTJI

iHIIIIIX

p.

TOprii

peMiCHIIqiiM

y

rrpii6yBaJIII

1564

Y

BeJIIIKi

HIIIOB

Kyiiel(TBO Ta

CJO,n:II

3eMJii".

piKOIO

II(O

Toprax

Mon,n:aBil

CiJIJIIO

Ha,n:

CTOJIIII(JI

3YCTpiTII

qacy CBOrO

o6MiHy

PychKiH

BIIpyBaJIO

TII2KHeBIIX 6yno

B

Ba2KJIIIBIIM

3)J;aBHa

€BpOIIII.

6yBa!OTb

IIIJIJIXY,

CBO€pi,n:Ha

,n:e i

M02KHa

3

MiCTeqKa

cTana

3axo,n:oM.

KpalH

,TaM

p03TaiiiOBaHa

XIY -XYII

TYT

II(O

CHJITIIHChKOMY

ll,e

Cxo,n:oM

6araTbOX

IIIICaB,

KoJIOMIIJI, HOMY

3

Mi2K

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

B2Ke TO

CHJITIIHChKi

JIJO)J;eil". JIKOMY

5!3JIOBeU:bKoro,

Ane

3JJ:aBHa

BJiaCHIIKa


ImocmpoeaHa KyTiB, uj)

3

icmopi5l

HeBi.IJ:OMIIX

,p03KIIHYJIII

Bel(bKIIH.

Bi.l(

B

l(IIX

II(O

BOHO

l(e!O

i

cepe.IJ:IIHi

XVII XVI

cT.

3ri.I(HO

B

93

MiCTeqKy

qoJIOBiK

3

BapHi,

i

BJiaCHIIKII

iH03eMHIIM

CiJih

liKe

6yB 3

M.

6aHHli

faJIIIU:hKOl 3eMni

3aBOJIO.IJ:iB

Yropll(IIHII.

XVI

CT.). 3

.l(e

y

Bi.I(BeJIII

C.

B

pe€CTpOM,

B

XIV

.I(OCi.

ToqHe

IIpiiiiYCTIITII, Ha

TepiiTOpil PII6HII-

II(O

XVI

1565

y

p.

CTaHOBIIJIO

1578

B

IIepiiiiH:

Bi.IJ:OMO,

TYT

465

<j:>nopeHiB

MiCTIIJIIICh

IIpO.I(aBaTII

,rocTIIHHIIM

B

HaJiiqyBaJIOCli

IIpii6JIII3HO

13

p.

mo

0. 5I 6no-

3a .l(aHIIMII

Typeu;hKIIX,

11

KiHu;i

cT.

1454

Y

XVI

10

cone-

3a6opOHliJIOCh,

KYIIU:liM",

-

To6To

IIOJihCKO-IIIJiliXeTChKi

BJiacTi

me.IJ:po

TaKIIM

cBoi"x .IJ:OXO.IJ:iB,

3a

XV

qifHOM

cT.

Hi6IITO

u;eH: MaB

36araqyBaJIIICli

TepiiTOpi€10

3HaqHa

CTBOpiiB

.IJ:BipcbKa

i

.I(Jili

3ra.l(y€TbCli

Ha.IJ:BipHa.

3aJIIIIIIa€ThCli

3

IIpiiBaTHOJO

IIi.!(

KiHU:li

1595

XVI

BJiacHicTJO

p.

i

iHIIIIIX

cT.

IIPII.IJ:6aB

IIpii6yTII OIIOpii Ha

IIpii3aMKOBi CJiyrii.

<j:>eo.l(aJiiB,

3Bi.I(CII Ha.IJ:BipHa

MarHaTiB

IJ,yu;II-

3

CBOel

IIoqaT-

IIpiiBaTHOIIIJiliXeTChKIIH

TOprOBl(i,

IIpiiKJia.I(OM

3

MaeToK CIO.I(II

(IIpii6JIII3HO

IIpiicnyra

.l(pi6Hi

IBacKo

qacTIIHY .I(BipCbKOl TepiiTOpil IIi.!( MiCTeqKo, aKTaX

IlHiB3arap-

p.

u:e

3

IIicnli

3aMOK-<j:>OpTel(JO

peMiCHIIKII,

IIoB'li3aHe TaK.

liKIIH

IIOCTYIIOBO

cT.

CTanocli

HaiipiiKiHu;i

IlHiB

IIpiiJierJIOIO

IIp02KIIBana

MicTeqKa

KpiM

MiCTeqKa.

piqKQIO

B

)J:eJiliTIIH.

KypoiiaTBiB.

IlHiB.

IIi.I(HeBiJihHi

IIIICbMOBIIX

Ha.l(

3Hall:.l(eHo.

COJieBapeHb

KypoiiaTBiB,

KypoiiaTBII

36iJihiiieHHli BII

c.

II06y.l(yBaJIII

neHu;i,

II

icHy€

MOHaCTIIpli,

He

pO.I(IIHII,

36yBaJIII

<j:>eo.l(aJiaM.

pi.!(

3aMOK .IJ:Bip,

3JIOTIIX,

l(hOrO

Mo2KHa

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

MicTeqKo

BJiacHicTJO

MarHaTiB

3eMni

IIIJiliXeTChKIIH

KY

liKe

KBapTaJii

MaH:2Ke

Ha.IJ:BipHo1

3aMKOM

BJia.I(II

200

.I(OXO.I(

J!3JIO-

MicTeqKoM,

TOprOBl(liM.

BIIHIIKHeHHli

JIOBa

MicT

IIpiiBaTHIIX

ChKIIM

Ha.l(iJiliJIII

BeJIIIKIIM

Ba2KKO.

B

Mi2Kyco6II-

IIOCeCiJO"

2KIITeJiiB

MiCTO,

CIIJiaqyBaJIO

MaETKiB

CBOIO

6yno

paHOHi

IIO.I(aTKOBIIM

)J:eJiliTIIH xoq

iHIIIIIX

icHyBano

IIIJiliXeTChKi

,B

MoHaCTIIpCbKIIM.

Mill(aHChKIIX

O.IJ:HaK

B

cBi.IJ:qeHh

HaCeJieHHli,

rpiiBeHh.

ROBe

COJieBapHi

Ha3BaHe

cT.

HOBCbKOrO,

OIIIIcy,

BII3HaqiiTII

p03TaiiiOBaHe

6yno

qepe3

H:oro

.l(aBaJIO

BIIHIIKJIO

BIIHIIKHeHHli

IIOJIOBIIHi

3

85

3

OCHOBHIIX

PIIKOBa

CTapOBIIHHOl

IIOTiM

Ilpo

BII.IJ:HO

rOCIIO.I(apCTB

M.

6yno

KociBCbKOl

3a6paB

3BapiiqiB" KpaliX

po3TaiiiyBaHHli

ToM

(Ma6yTh,

MiCTO.

liK

60

3

,II02KIITKiB

IIpiiqiiH

l(e

PIIKiB,

CKJia.l(aJIOCb

3rO.I(OM

IlpuKapnammR.

liKe

3

KypoiiaTBIIepiiie

IIOXO.I(IITb cTae

KypoiiaTBiB.

IIoceM eTOIO

B

Ha3Ba

MicToM


86

BoJtoiJuMup

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

2. AuTuKpinocuuu,bKHii onip cemm-ryu,yJiiB. BuuuKueuuB Ta po3BHTOK onpurnKiBChKOro pyxy Y XIV-XV MII rrpo

cT.

Bi.IJ:6yBaBcJI

3HaXO.[(IIMO

He

cKaprii

II(O

qlf B

iHIIIi

<j:>eo.[(aJibHOrO

.[(e

fyu;ynhll(IIHII,

3

iHTeHCIIBHO

rOCIIO.[(ap!OBaHHJI,

TOMY

l(hOrO

rrepio.[(y

6opOTb6II OKOJIIII(i

ripChKi

IIi.[(ripCbKIIX 3pOCTaJia

JIKa

.[(aHIIX

<j:>opMII

qac

u:ett

CeJIJIHaMII-BTiKaqaMII

faJIIfqlfHII,

3aceneHHJI

.[(OKyMeHTaJibHIIX

CeJIJIH

3po3yMino,

3aCeJIJOBaTIICJI piiTOpitt

BTeqi

a6o

fyu;yJihll(IIHII.

rrpou;ec

6y.[(h-JIKIIX

i

HII30BIIHHIIX

<j:>iJihBapKOBa

eKOHOMiqHo

CeJIJIH rroqaJIII

BII(eHT

Te-

CIICTeMa

BIICHa2KyBaJia

CeJIJIHCTBO.

Y XVI CBOlX

IIi.[(.[(aHIIX JIIO €

rrepiiiitt

Ma€TKaX i,

rropyiiiyJOqlf

CeJIJIHChKi

cKaprii

ceJIJIH

BIIKJIIIKaHi

Y

rrpii

crroco6oM

Ha

rpoMa.IJ:II

JIK

3

B2Ke

neraJibHoro

CY.IJ:Y

CeJIJIHII

He

CeJIJIH

cBoe

orropy

Ha.[(iJIII,

<j:>eo.[(aJiaMII

cena,

rrpiiCJiraJIII MaJIII

IIOpli.[(OK,

ceJIJIH.

3

nHa

2KO.[(HIIX

B

IIaCOBIIII(a,

cyci.IJ:Hix

xpecT"

cin.

Ha

3eMJIIO

ciB

i

rrpo 3

HJI

iiJymb

Fpae10pa

3i

XVII

CKapcaMU em.

lX

Ha

CBOl rrpaBa Ha

)l:JIJI

IIi.[(TBep.[(2KeH-

<j:>aKTiB

IIIJIJIXTOJO

3aXOII-

3eMeJih

ceJIJIHChKoro orropy .[(eJIKi

qarre-

IIIJIJIXTifqa,

IIOCIIJiaJOqlfCb

TaKIIX

.[(eMo

rrpaBa

KHJI2KIIX

HaCTYIIOM

JieHHJI

cBi.IJ:KII

ceJIJIHIIHa. CBOl

Bi.[(CTOJOBaJIII

3eMJIIO.

xoiJaKU

<j:>eo36iJih-

BIIJIIIBOBIIX TaKi

rrpaBOTY

.[(OKyMeHTiB

CTapOBIIHHi

Kopo!l5l.

6ynii

rrepiO.[( .[(OBO.[(IIJIII

Hatt6iJihiii

pe.[(

iJo

aKTaX

BoHII

rOCIIO.[(apCTBa

u;ett

JIIIIIIe

C e!l5lHCbKi

3aXOII-

B

3eMJieBoJio.[(iHHJI.

CeJIJIHII

i

i

B

CBOlX

IlpiiKaprraTChKi

JiiCII

CTap02KIIJiiB, TaK

OCiBIIIII

3YCTpiqaJOTbCJI

IIIJIJIXeTCbKOrO

<j:>eo.[(aJibHe

CBi.[(qeHb

.[(aHoro

YIIOBHOBa2KeHIIX

3po3yMiJIO,

3

OCHOBi

y

Mil(HO

CeJIJIH-ryu;yniB,

rpoMa.[(ChKIIH

rrepiO.[(

rrepe6y.[(OBOIO

IIIITaHHJIX

rrpaBOTY

JIJO.[(ett

<j:>opMII

Bi.[(HiMa!OTb

TaKIIM

CIIipHIIX

CBOIO

rrepiiii

u;ett

IIIJIJIXTa,

YTIICKY€

<j:>iJihBapKOBO-IIaHII(IIHHOl CIICTeMII.

HaCIIJihHO

IIIYJOqlf

CT.

CTapOBIIHHIIH

Y

-

XVII

BCiJIJIKO

3eMJii.

rrepe.[(yCiM

3pOCTaHHJIM .[(aJIII

rronoBIIHi

fyu;yJihll(IIHII,

I

HaBe-

.[(OKyMeHTaJib-


ImocmpoeaHa Hi

.n:aHi.

icmopi5l

)KypaKII

HaCTIIpqaHChKIIX

CeJIJIHII,

He

B

Ma!Oqlf

CBi.[(KiB

BIIqa,

i

cT.

KocTJI

OcTarra

IIIJIJIXTa

3aopaJia u;noro

rro.n:iH:

KoBaJihqyKa,

cin

rpyHTII

MO-

36yHTyBaJIIICJI

66-piqHoro Mornii

crrpa-

KOMiciJI. 3arrpocii-

8 8- piqHoro

JIKi

i

ypJI.IJ:OBa

BIIMyiiieHi 6ynii

CTapu;iB"

MopeHIIqa,

ripcbKIIX

3aCiJIHi

BII1xana

IIIIChMOBIIX .n:oKyMeHTiB,

80-piqHoro

54-piqHoro

XVII

rrpoTII

Micu;e

, MOHaCTIIpCbKIIX

CypoBIIqa,

TII

Ha

87

3

Bi.[(HJIJia"

CeJIJIHII

cy.[(i.

ToM

rroqaTKY

,paiiTOBO

CeJIJIH

OIIIIHIIJiaCJI

TII

XVI -

IlpoTJHOM

CTapyHJI,

Ba

IlpuKapnammR.

M IIXaHJia

BaciiJIJI

IIorro-

o6'eKTIIBHO

cKnac-

CBi.[(qeHHJI.

3

CY.IJ:OBOrO

cin

rrpou;ecy .[(OCIITb

CTapyHJI,

HaCTyiiaJIII CeJIJIHII, JiiCII He

:IKypaKII

Ha

CeJIJIH

o6ypeHi

XOTiJIII

Orrip

HaCIIJihHO

3

<j:>eo.[(aJiaMII,

BqiiHKaMII

TIIM, i

II(O

HaBiTh

y

1731

IIIJIJIXTII,

p.

CIIpaBa

JIKi

B

XVI-XVII

Bee

TaKII

1xanii

i

BOJIII,

-

CBOl

CeJIJIH

lM,

rrpaBa.

XVIII

cepe.IJ:IIHII

MOHaCTIIpqaHChKIIX

B

BOHII

HaJie2KaJIII

Bi.[(CTOJITII

.n:o

cT.

JiiCOM.

2K

B03II

MIIHYJIOMY

TpiiBae

BJiaCHIIKII

KOpiiCTyBaTIICJI

HaMaraJIIICb

ceJIJIH

IIIJIJIXTifqi,

rrpoTJiroM

3a6IIpaJIII

JiiCII,

6y.[(h-II(O

MOHaCTIIpqaHChKIIX

JIK

3a6opOHJIJIII

xoq lX TYT 6IIJIII,

MIIpiiTIICb

Bi.[(i6paHO

BII.[(HO,

MoHaCTIIpqaHII

i

TaKIIMII

,3a .[(epeBOM";

qiTKO

cT.

IIOHOBIIJiaCb

y

cy.n:ax. AHTII<j:>eo.n:anhHIIH l(e

O.[(IIH

6opoTb6II

TIIX

ceJIJIH

xapaKTepy. CeJIJIHChKi 2Ke

i3

Ha

.[(e

O.[(HaK Hi6IITO

MaJIII rrpaBa.

TIIpqaH,

i

IIOJibChKIIX HaBeCTII

CynJITIIU:hKIIH nicii

ropii

l(hOrO

He

CeJIJIH

l(e

KJiaCOBOIO

II(O

KOpOJiiBChKi

orrip

CTapyHi

B

ceJIJIH

B

B

TpiiBanoro BOEBO.IJ:CTBa,

O.[(HIIX

IIOJibChKi

KOpOJiiBChKIIX

Hi2K B

i

TIIX

iCTOpiiMa€TKaX,

IIpiiBaTHIIX,

CY.IJ:II

l(IO

cT.

CIIpliMOBaHiCTIO.

IIi.[(.[(aHi

Bi.[(CTOIOBaTII

rrpiiBaTHIIX

CIIpOCTOBY€

i

PychKoro

IIIICaJIII TaK02K

TIIM,

XYI-XYIII

aHTIIKpiiiOCHIIl(bKOl

TpiiBaJiiCTIO

6yno JieriiiiiM,

y

B

MacoBoro

rroBiTax

JIIIIIIe

faJIIfqiiHi

MaETKax

HiqiiM

He

CBOl

MoHac-

o6rpyHTOBaHy

iCTOpiiKiB. me

H:

iHIIIi

HaMaraBcJI 3

BIIepTOl

iHIIIIIX

<j:>aKTII

rrpiiBaTHIIX MaETKax.

KII,

i

B

IIOJICHIOBaJIII

TpiiBaJIIIH

orropy B

i

ceJIJIH

Ha6IIpana

BIIpa2KeHOIO

y

3BepTaTIICb

.IJ:iB

IJpOTII

orrip

CTaHOBIIII(e

Mo2KHa

JIK

JICKpaBO

)KypaKiB

Be pci10

ChKoro

BOHII

O.n:HaK

<j:>aKTiB JIKa

Bi.[(3HaqaJIIICJI

II

aJie

rrpaBO

6araTbOX

faniiqiiHi,

IJpo CeJIJIHChKIIH KII,

MOHaCTIIpqaHChKIIX

IlpiiKaprraTTJI,

BIICTYIIII

MiCl(JIX,

orrip

cenaMII

BIICTYIIIIJIII

,

3axorriiTII JIKi

MacoBoro

TaK, , He

HaJie2KaJIII

CeJIJIHII

KyTiB

B

1647

JIIIIII e

i

TpiiBanoro p.

ceJIJIH-

BJiaCHIIK

nacKy,

ane

c. H:

TIO-

rroTo-

CHJITIIHChKOMY cTapocTBY. B

cy.[(i

3a

.[(OIIOMOrOIO


88

BoJtoiJuMup

CBi,n:Ka-cTap02KIIJia ,Ha

TO

CBi,IJ:OK

B

KiHIIi

rOTOBIIH Bi,n:

Hixopa

2KO,n:Horo

i

IIOCTYIIOBO

30KpeMa

36pOHHi

Ha

Ill,orrpaB,n:a,

3a ,n:aHIIMII

AHiCKiJihKII

He

PychKiH:

IIaHiB,

3eMni

Ha

--B.

6i,n:oro,

3MyiiieHi

qll

f.)

corriaJihHi

6paJIII

Ha

Ta

3

liKIIX

yqacTb

y

3

cT. HIIX

<j:>eo,n:aJiaM,

1465

liKe

II II CaB

J!H

Bi,n: KOpOJili

liKi,

i3

3eMni

IIOBCTaHHi

3MyiiieHIIH

faJIIIIIhKOMY

MiCTa

,n:aBHix

3JIO i

CeJia B

MeiiiKaHIIiB

6paKOM

CeJiliH

CeJiliHII

2K

B

IIOBi,IJ:OMJieHHli

raJIIIIIhKIIX

HhOrO

}J:nyroiii,

B ,n:apii

YTIICKyBaHi

ll,e

II p 0

II OJihlil i.

BCe

qliHIIJIII

aHTII<j:>e-

rroJihChKoro

IIIJiliXeTChKOl

BOHII

ycyBaJIII

p.

Bi,n:oMoro

CeJiliHaM, }J:nyroiii

IIITOBXaJIII

IlhOMY

XV

aJie

HapOCTaJIII

B

rrparri

BTiKaTII ... ".

IIpiiqliHII

}J:ny-

Hapo,n:Hi

rronoBIIHi

IIOJibChKIIM

Bi,n:6yBCli

pa3y,

pO,!l;IIHII,

J!.

rrpo

JiaKOHiqHi,

3eMJii

i,n:eonora

IIaHiB",

IIo,n:inni,

6yJIII

YKpalHII,

aHTII<j:>eo,n:aJibHOl

,n:pyriH:

CeJiliH

faJIIIIIhKiH

OTpiiMaBIIIII

lX

CIIOCTepi-

3eMJii.

,n:21::epena

Taro

lilO,

CT.

MiCIIliX

,n:oBi,n:yeMOCli

CKyrri,

raJIIIIIhKIIX

JJ:nyroiii a,

,36iJihiiiiiJIOCli

(ceJiliH

CaMe

orrip

, 3JIO

XV

Y

<j:>opMII

3eMJiliX y

,n:y2Ke

CIIMIIaTII3yiOqli

Ha,n:MipHe

li

ceJiliHCTBO

IIOJibChKIIX MeMyapiiCTiB

EeJihChKoro

Hail6iJihiiiiiH

5I.

orropy

6araTbOX

pi3Hi

XpOHiK

3aXi,IJ:HOyKpalHChKi

xpoHicTa- icTo piiKa

Kparo.

3

M.

e,n:IIHoro

3i3HaiO,

IIOTpe6a".

IIpiiKaprraTTi.

MeMyapiiCTiB,

3

6y,n:e

BIICTyiiiB.

3aCTOCOBY€

rrpo

IIIJiliXTIIq 3i3HaHHli

CIIpaBe,IJ:JIIIBO

aHTII<j:>eo,n:aJibHoro

y

nro

cBi,n:qeHHli

TOMY

CeJiliH

IIOBi,IJ:OMJieHHli

BIICTYIIII,

,n:oBi,n:yeMOCli

IIOJibChKIIX

, ... OT2Ke,

Ha 3axi,n:HoyKpa1HChKIIX IIi

CKYIIOByBaJIII

BII3HaTII

qa

qecHe

KOJIII

36pOHHIIX

rH06IITeJiiB.

M02KHa ,!l;OBi,n:aTIICli

O,IJ:aJihHi

i

KpoMepa

3aBopyiiieHHli

liKi

,!1;0

CeJiliHCTBO

IIpOTII

M.

roiiia,

<j:>opM

BIICTYIIII

IIo,n:inni

faJIIIIIbKe 6opOTb6II

CJIOBaMII:

rraciiBHIIX

BCTaHOBIIJIII,

CBoe

Mae".

IIOIIpaBIITII,

rrepeXO,IJ:IIJIO

TaKi

OrriiiiiKeBIIqa

He

CTBep,n:IIB

IIpiiCliraro

rrpocTIIX

ra€MO

rrpaBa

Fpa 6oeeu, bJW i1

BChOrO

CBi,n:qiiTh, Ha

lilO

IIOBCTaHHli.

fYIIYJihlilliHII

-

HeBi-

,!l;OMO. JJ:enro

6iJihiiie

ceJiliHChKOMY BCTaHHli

XIV -

-

rri,n:

CeJiliHCTBa cepe,n:IIHII

IIIJiliXTOIO

rrpo

36pOHHa

IIpOTII

XV

cT.

3aKOHaMII

3eMJiliX.

yqacTh

rrpoBo,n:oM

Hail6iJihiiia

a,n:MiHicTpaTIIBHIIMII CbKOIO

3Be,n:eHh

rroBcTaHHi

Myxii

6yKOBIIHCbKOrO KiHIIli

e

HaceneHHli Myxii

OII03IIIIili

fyrrynhliliiHII

1490-1492

6yno

CBOlMII

2KopcTOKIIMII

BBe,n:eHO

Ha

IIo-

IIpiiKaprraTCbKOrO

IIOJibChKO-HiMeiibKOrO 3i

pp.

B

rrpaBa,

liKe

3

<j:>eo,n:aJihHO-

OKYIIOBaHIIX

IIOJib-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

CeJIJIHChKe

B

MiCTaX,

p03TaiiiOBaHIIX

II06JIII3Y

fyu;yJihiiiiiHII,

rrepiiiiiM

3.[(06yTIIM

BCTaHl(JIMII CHJITIIH TBa,

-

BXO.[(IIJIII

3aroHy

cena.

II(O

rroqaTKOBoro

HifqqJI, B

MiCl(eM

CTaJIO

Myxa Myxii

BIIpyiiiiiB B3JIJIII

IIOBCTaHHJI

rrpaBocnaBHOl

cena

Eepe3oBa

IIOJibChKOrO

y

Myxii

J!Ha

30KpeMa,

BiH

po3rropJI.IJ:IIBCJI KOH<j:>icKyBaTII

pa,

fpiiropiJI

,CXII3MaTIIKa

Myxy"

B

Bi.[(

Ma€TKII

be pe 30BChKHX TOll

qac,

Afyxa.

.aepKalf

IIOXi.[(.

HeMa€

ryu;ynii.

fpiiHJI,

KOJIII

Te,

BiH

i3

.IJ:O

ripcbKoro

.IJ:i3Ha€MOCJI

149 8

6 e pe 3HJI

3a

mo

qacTIIHa .[(pi6HOl yKpalH-

u:e

2

cyMHiBy,

Bi.IJ:OMO,

Eepe30BChKi

IIpo

AJin6 pexTa

, iHIIIIIX"

yqacTh

IIpii€.[(HaJiaCb

KonoMIIHII(IIHi.

KOpOJIJI

i

BII3BOJihHIIH

aKTIIBHY

IIIJIJIXTII,

Ha

I.

Xyu.

rrorpa-

3Bi.[(KII

nOAKOBOde~b

]{apodHUU

IIOKYT-

3aroHax

CeJIJIHCbKOrO ChKOl

He

3ocepe.[(~eH­

CbKe-6yKOBIIHCbKe

mo

6yB

cTapoc-

JIKOrO

ryu;ynhChKi

BIIKJIJOqeHO,

HJI

IIO-

Myxii, u;eHTp

.[(0

.[(eJIKi

89

3

rroBcTaHHJI

p03IIoqaJIOCJI

MiCTOM,

ToM

IlpuKapnammR.

IBaHa, II(O

HaKa3y B

JIKOMY

BaciiJIJI,

BOHII

IIi.[(HJIB

3

p.,

IIeT-

IIi.[(TpiiMaJIII

IIOBCTaHHJI

Ha

II OKYTTi. IIIO HY

CIIOHyKaJIO

IIOBCTaJIIIX?

HyBaJiaCJI BaHHJI". Hi

i

.[(pi6Ha B

XV

IIOJiiTifqHi

II(e.[(pO

nepe30BChKHX

Ha .IJ:YMKY

yKpalHCbKa

cT.

Ha

IIOJibChKOIO Mill(aH

y

qacTIIHa

Ha

6iK

B

IIOJibChKOl

IIaHyBaHHJIM,

qacTO

rrepeXO.[(IIJia

yKpai"HChKa

IIIJIJIXTa

nepe30BChKHX,

II(O

yKpalHCbKOl IIpiiBiJieJIMII,

IIOCTiHHO

IIpiirHiqyBaJia

6iK

,6yJIII

TBep.[(i

II.

3

qy~oro

3HaqHi

IIIJIJIXTII.

qaCTIIHa

)l:o

Hel

H

JIKi

3

CeJIJIH

Kpa!O.

IHIIIa

IIOJibChKO-IIIJIJIXeTIIaHiBHIIX HaJie~aJia

,IJ:oM6KoBChKIIH

JIIO.[(II",

ll,

Bi.[(KpiiTO pa30M

yKpalHChKIIX

IIpOTII

IIaHy-

eKoHoMiq-

Ma€TKaMII,

He3a.[(OBOJieHa

IIOBCTaJIIIX.

TO

CTOpOIIpii€.[(-

faJIIIU:hKoro

IIpOTeCTyBaJia

Eepe30BChKHX.

Ha

IIOBCTaJIIIX

OKaTOJIIfqiiJiaCb

rroHeBoJieHoro 6yna

Ha

Bi.IJ:6yBaJIIICJI

IIIJIJIXTII,

BCiJIJIKO

cenax

rrepeXO.IJ:Y .[(0

,He3a.[(OBOJieHa

3eMni

cepe.[(OBIIII(i

IIIJIJIXTII

CbKIIM

Bi.[(KpiiTOrO

IIIJIJIXTa,

KOpOJiiBChKIIMII

IIIJIJIXTOIO MiCTaX

.[(0

Kpiiii'JIKeBIIqa,

faJIIIU:hKiH:

3MiHII

06.[(apoBaHa

rrepeHIIIJia

I. II.

Mil(HO

KJiaCiB

i

.[(pi6Ha

IIIIIIIe

rrpo

CTOJIJIII

IIpii


90

Bo;zoiJuMup

CBOlH

yKpalHChKiH

po3TaiiioBaHe Tirra

B

IIepeH:MeHyBaTII

EyrrH

ciipo6H

)l,pi6Ha arre

IIIrrJIXTH

30BCiM

cerrJIHCTBa cepe,!(HbOl

EyKoBHHH

IIi,!(

xapaKTepOM lHi

B

IIepio,!(

CIIpHJirrO Ta

XVI

y

0,!(Hi€IO

YMOBaX

3

B

<j:>opM

,!(JKeHHJI

TaM

IlHTaHHJI ,!(OCi

He

B

BiHCbKOBHX

IIOXO,!(JKeHHJI

JleKCHKOrpa<j:> CrrOBOM

CbKOIO

Ha3BOID

Bi,!( crriB JIKi

BHCYHYB

C.

IleTpyiiieBHqa,

OIIpoq,

a

i3

XVIII

cBo€1

Ha

YKpaBoHo

BHHHKHeHHIO

cerrJIH

i

3aXi!l:-

po3rOpTaHHJI

KpiiiOCHHiibKHX

Bi,!\-

cT. cerrJIH

HapO,!(HrrOCJI

CiTKH

3aXi,!(HOyKpa-

B

CIIeiiH<j:>iqHHX

YMOB

IlpHKap-

IIIrrJIXeTChKHX

IIaHyBaHHJI

3aMKiB

Ta

3ocepe-

CHrr.

IIIO

TepMiHa

rriTepaTypi.

IIOB'JI3Y€

CrrOBO

3iCTaBrrJI€

03Haqa€

,oiipHIIIOK IIHIIIe:

OKpiM,

,OIIpHIIIOK

Ill,O,!(O

IfhOrO

,OIIpHIIIOK IieH

TepMiH

,IIpHBaTHa TaKoJK

OKpeMO

,oiipHIIIOK

i

IIIe €

03Haqa€

II

pi3Hi

3

pociH:-

3

pociH:-

rriD,!(HHa".

,0IIpHIIIKH, T06TO

EaThKiBIIIHHII".

TBep,!(JKeHHJI:

i

cTaHOBHIIIe

6opOTb6H

liKe

TaKOJK

BiH

po3MaxoM

BiJl:HOCHH.

BHHHKHeHHJI

3HaqeHHJI

crroBo

(oKpeMO). OIIpHqKo,

reTh

ROBe

JliH,!(e

,oiiopoqHIIK",

,OIIpoq"

IIiiiirrH

i

3a

YKpalHi

<j:>eo,!(arrhHoro

iCTOpHqHiH

,phiCKaTb",

,!(0

IIIHpOKOl

3HaqHHX

B

MyxH

COiiiarrhHO-eKOHOMiqHHX

IieHTpiB

p03B'JI3aHO

A.

CHrry

30KpeMa

IlpHKapiiaTTJI

IIOBCTaHHJIM

BCTaHOBrreHHJI

KrraCOBOl

3

CTaHOBHIIIe,

6opOTh6i, Mac

Bi,!(

6oKy

fyiiyrrhiiiHHi.

IIpaBoBe

IIorroBHHi

po36y,!(OBH

CbKHM

HHKa",

i

oiiopHHX

IIpO

Ha

OIIpHIIIKiBCTBO,

il:YMKH.

il:YMKY

pyxy

Ha

3

p03,!(irrJirrH

IIpaBOBe

BaTaJKKa

36pOHHHM

6opOTb6H

IIepiO,!(

36pOHHOl

6yrro

pe3yrrhTaTi

<j:>opTeiih,

B

IIepiiiiH:

3eMerrb

nepe30BChKi

HapOJl:HHX

CIIpHqHHHrrOCJI

pyxy

fyiiyrrhiiiHHH

IIaTTJI,

rOCTpOl

BirrhHa,

Bi,!(pi3HJirracJI

<j:>eo,!(arrhHO-KpiiiOCHHiihKHX

<j:>eo,!(arrhHe-eKoHoMiqHe 3eMerrb

IDPHJl:HqHo

IIepecrri,!(yBaHb

i

xo-

EJKo3oB.

Eepe3oBa.

He

aHTH<j:>eo,!(arrhHiH

BerrHKHM

OIIpHIIIKiBChKOro

HoyKpa1HChKHX

lHChKHX

B

cerrJIHChKoro

IIepiiiHM

aHTH<j:>eo,!(arrhHOrO HOCHH

IIIrrJIXTH.

IloBcTaHHJI

IIpOBOJl:OM

po3rOpTaHHIO

TJIJKKe

6yrra

YTHCKiB

Eepe3iB,

IIIrrJixTa

EpeiiioBo, 3

MaHJKe

COiiiarrbHe-eKOHOMiqHe

<j:>opMyBaHHJI

p03BHTKY

TOMY

Cerro

IIorrhChKa

EepeiiiiB,

Eepe30BChKHX

IIOCTiHHHX

MyxH.

6yrro

Ha

MaHHO,

IIOHeBorreHHX

BHCTYIIY

3eMrri".

Eepe30BChKHX

IIOrrhCbKOl

TJIJKKe

IIi,!(TpHMyBarrH qac

IIIrrJixTa

cBo1H:

correBapHi.

Eepe3iB

HeBerrHKe

BerrHKOl lXH€

cBo1

,BHrHaTH

3a3HaBarra

cerrJIHaMH

IIi,!(

Marro

Ha3BY

yKpalHChKa

Marra

Ha

HapO,!(HOCTi

ropax,

Fpa6oeeu,bKUJf

Ha

,oiipoq-

OIIpoqHHKH;

03Haqa€

Te,

Ili3Hiiiie

B.

EapBiHChKHH

Bi,!(

pyMyHChKOro

IIOXO,!(HTh

IIIO

BHrHaHiii,


lfllocmpoeaHa

icmopiR

,opre8c .. ,

CJIOBa

.lVKeHHJIM Ha

B

(IIIJIJIXTII).

HOIO

03Haqae

rrorJIJI.II,

CY.IIOBOJO

,orrpecopoM .IIaHOMY

,orrpecye",

II(yBaTII CJIOBO

Ha3Ba JIKa

B

6yna

Hatt6iJihiii

6opOTb6II Pyx

ro

rHiTy.

xoq

He

y

nicii,

qyB

Ha.II

6yB

xoq

Ha

CBOlX

HYJIII

I.

.110

KO)I(Hitt

3arp03010

pyx

CY.IIOBIIX,

Ha

TY

IIIJIJIX

JIKoro

)Klf-

3YCTpiTII 3HII-

rrpoToKonax

u;e

qacTIIHY

ceJIJIH-

aKTIIBHOl

rHiTy

36pOHHOl

cTana

IIOJierrni

XBIIJii

TepiiTopiJI

fy-

<j:>eO.IIaJibHO-KpiiiOCHIIl(bKO-

KYIIII

IIpO)KliTII

6yB

IIpiiqiiHaMII,

6IITIIH, aHi

TaKIIX

3arpo3y

CB06i.IIHO,

IIOPO.II)KeHIIH

TOMY

BCe

HapO.IIHIIX rrparHeHh .110

F.),

pyxy

Hi6II i

i

KpliB.II)KeHIIH

CIIpaBe.IIJIIIBOCTi,

caMIIX

oqatt.11yxiB,

CMepTi,

BCe-TaKII

a

II(e

Ha.IITO

3MiHII,

po36iHHIIl(TBO, ane

HapO.IIHOrO

IIpOTeCTY

I BaH

CeJIJIHII

BiJihHe.

3MiHII

Oco6aM

3aJIIIIIIaJiaCb )Ke6pal(TBO Eyna

u;e

IIpOTII

BIIKJIJOqHo

OIIpiiiiiKiBCTBO rraHyJOqiix

IIpiirH06JieHHJI

MpJiu;i.

raJibHe,

BTiKaJIII

MO)I(Ha

,IIpiirHiqyBaTII,

,IIOHeBOJieHIIH, Hi.IIe

KiBCTBO,

II II CaB

KOrOCb

i

pa.11

MCTIITIICJI

KpliB.IIHIIKax".

B. .110

<l>paHKa,

B

Ha

u;eHTpoM

3HaHTII

IIOBHOl TeMHOTII

CTBO

qacTO

JIIIIIIe

)I(OpCTOKOrO

rrpiicTaBaB

OrrpiiiiiKiBChKIIH

<j:>epi

ronoBHIIM

C060JO

3HIIII(yBaB

IIIJIJIXTII.

ropii,

IIi.II TOIO

HOMiqHifMII BIIJIBOM

i

MO)Kyqlf B

TepMiHonori1

<j:>eO.IIaJibHO-KpiiiOCHIIl(bKOrO

CTaBaJia

BHaCJii.IIOK

3a CJIOBaMII

IIi.II.IIaHIIH, TiKaB

IIaHiB

BIIHIIK

a6o

3HIImY-

a.IIMiHiCTpaTIIB-

rrepeMIIIIIJIJIHChKIIX,

rrepeBa)KHO

IIOCIIJieHHJI

p030peHa

orrpiiiiiKiB,

l\YJihll(IIHII,

TBep-

JiaTIIHCbKOrO

CY.IIOBitt

po3yMiHHi

rrorniipJOBanacb

pe3yJihTaTi

IIpOTII

B

KHIIrax

B

Bi.II

o<j:>il(iHHOIO,

MOBa.

rpO.IIChKIIX

l(IIM

p03MOBHIIM.

,orrpiiiiiOK

CTBa,

qac

3

rrpiirHo6JIJOBaq,

raJIIIl(bKIIX,

IIIIChMOBIIX,

CTaJIO

IIOXO.IIliTb

IIpiirHiqyBaB

B

,orrpecyBaTII

Y

Korocn". 3rO.IIOM

TOll

XTO

Tott,

CJIHOl(bKIIX BIICJIOBII

B

IIIJIJIXTY).

3YIIIIHJIIO".

KocaqeBChKa.

,rropyrnHIIK,

naTIIHChKa

BBa)KaBcJI

K.

,orrpiiiiiOK

II(O

6yna

BIIIIa.IIKY

,3a6opOHJIIO,

03Haqae

Bi.IIOMO,

91

3

ToM

rrorO.II)KY€ThCJI

Ha3Ba

mo

,opreBJior",

Baq"

(B

II(O

ocHOBHOMY

Ham

cnoBa

IIpuKapnammR.

)!(liB 6iJihiii

i

)KIIBo1 O.IIHa

3aranoM

IIaHyJOqlfX

aTMocCeJIJIH-

,

mo -

rrpar-

OIIpiiiii-

HecTane, Ti

cycrriJihHIIX

B

.IIOpora

Ha

CYTTIO

(ripCbKe B.IIaqi,

)KIITTJI

O.IIIIHOKa

cou;iaJibHO-eKOCB0€10

rro Pli.IIKiB.

u;ett JIIO.II

TiJihKII

Te)K

3a

qacii

Hene<j:> 0 p M a

IIOPli.IIKiB",

<l> p aHKO. HII30BIIHHIIX

Bi.II

.IIep)KaBHOMY

OKOJIIII(h

<j:>eO.IIaJibHOrO arrapaTOBi

faniiqiiHII,

rHiTy

Ba)KKO

6yJIO

3aKaprraTTJI

rrepecJii.IIyBaHb TpiiMaTII

lX

y

y

i

TaKi

IIOKOpi

EyKoBIIHII MiCl(JI,

.11e

i

He

KY.IIII


92

BoJtoiJuMup

CJiraJia IIOBHOIO 3aCeJieHi

MipO!O

ropli

6 OKliMli

II eqe paMli,

Bliri,n:Hi

IIplipO,n:Hi

HliM

BJia,n:a IIaHiB.

fyu;ynhll(liHli

ll,e

6yJili

3 Ba2KKliMli JJ:JIJI

HeiipOXi)J;HliMli JiiCaMli YMOBli

CTBOp!OBaJili

IIYHKTOM )J;JIJI ,n:iJIJibHOCTi

,!1;0

HapO!J:HliX

,ropli

Hapo,n:a,

JIK

Ha

qiM lX TaK

H:

MiU:HY

rrpaB)J;li

iHIIIe 2KliTTJI,

i

B

r.

I. BarliJieBliq, 3a CJIOBaMli B IIOIIIyKaX

CB060)J;li

CTBOp!OBaJiliCb

y

cepe,n:

qacTO

i

6a3y Ta

MiJIO,

IIHIIIe

CaMe

l(e

I.

Hapo,n:

6yno

ryu;ynhChKliX

CTaBaJili

, Pycanu;i

IIiCHJIX

)l:HicTpoBiH:",

Bpa2KHX

CIIOCi6

2KliTTJI

Ke ... ",

JIKe

B

IIeBHOrO

IIIHpoKo

3arOHli

IIOMliHa!OTb i

y

KaprraTli,

3aciKoM

BeJiliqaJOT".

,n:e

OIIpliiiiKiB, JIKi

ane

H:

,n:aJihiiiOl

XVIII

cT.

CBOIO

aHTli<j:>eo,n:aJibHY

Y mi,

mo

II(O

!Op6li

IIOpli!J:KY

i

rrpli

3ap0,!1;2KyBaJIOCb

BeCb

BTiKaqiB ropax

qac

rrpaB

-

cMyrH

3axi,n:HHX

Kop,n:oHH

Mon,n:aBil.

,n:aBaJIO

ripCbKliMli

3

o,n:Hi€1

ll,e

Kpai"Hli

B

rrepeXO)J;liJili ,n:ep2KaBHliH

CTe2KKaMli

CIIOJJ:iBaTliCJI

raH:,n:aMal(b-

,n:e

rrpoTJiroM

orrpliiiiKli

XVI-

rrpo,n:oB2KyBaJIH

6opOTh6y.

rrepexpemyBaJIHCJI

MOrJili

2KliTTJI

B

crriJihHliH

IIoKyTTJI.

KaprraT,

3aKaprraTChKi

KaprraTax

rrepexo,n:HTli

3aXliCTY

BarHJieBHqa TOpKaJOThCJI He JIHIIIe ryu;ynhChKliX

rrpHKaprraTChKi

rrepecni,n:yBaHb,

Ta

CBOIO )J;OJIIO

IIIyKaJili

T06TO

IIOIIOB,3po3y-

He6e3rreu;i

rrpo

,cTBOpliBCJI

Ha BepxoBHHax

Yropll(liHli

BiJihHO

TaKiH:

CaM ,n:yMaTli

KaprraTChKliX

po3BliBanocb

CrrocTepe2KeHHJI I. rip,

rrHcaB,

6ynH

10. fep6iJihCbKOro, IIliCaB, II(O Hapo,n: HIIIOB

BarHJieBHq,

IIpliqliHOIO,

OIIOp-

KaprraTChKi

lEaH BarHJieBHq y rrepe,n:Mo-

Harra,n:iB

6yB IIpliMyiiieHliH

ropax".

rnH-

IIOJIOHliHaMli.

HJOBaJiliCJI ,HeBiJihHliKaMli HeHaBliCHOl po36ell(eHOl IIIJIJIXTli".

IIplirHiqeHHi

MaJI0-

Ha,n:iHHO 3aXliii(aJili HapO!J:HliX MeC-

BMill(eHHX

rriceHb, BeJieTH ...

III lipOKliMli

CKpliB)J;2KeHliX IIOBCTaHl(iB.

ropli 6yJili CBO€pi,n:HliM 6acTiOHOM,

Bi

MaJIO)J;OCTYIIHi

rrepexo,n:y cKeJIJIMli,

i

HliKiB B 1xHiH: aHTH<j:>eo,n:aJihHiH: 6opoTn6i.

mo

Fpa 6oeeu, bJW i1

Ha

IIOTpaiiJIJIJili rri,n:TpliMKY

y

Tphox ,n:ep2KaB M02KJiliBiCTh

iHIIIy.

OrrpliiiiKli,

KOp!J:OH

TiJihKli

cyci)J;HIO

!J:OIIOMOry

-

IIonh-

IIOBCTaHl(JIM yHHKaJOqli

lM

KpalHy,

Bi)J;OMliMli ,n:e

3aB2K!J:li

O!J:HO!J:YMU:iB.

IHKOJili

BOHli BliCTyiiaJili pa30M 3i CBOlMli 3aKOp!J:OHHliMli rro6paTliMaMli IIpOTli rrepecni,n:yBaqiB TJIM

a6o

Micu;eBHX

<j:>eo,n:aniB.

MaHeBpyBaHHJI

orrpliiiiKli

neriiie

KaprraTH

B

orrpliiiiKiB, OKOJilil(JIX, 6yJili

XVI-XVII <j:>eo,n:anH

He

IIaCTYX

IIOJIOHliHi

B2Ke H

yHHKaJIH

<j:>aKTliqHo

6oJIJiliCJI

rOBOpJiqli

Ha

cT.

rrpo

3aB,n:JIKli

036pO€HliH

M02KJIHBoc-

rrepecni,n:yBaHh.

rroBHicTJO

rrpo2KHBaTH CaMi

TaKHM

6ynH

HaBiTh

KaprraTH, orrpliiiiOK,

y

,n:e

B

pyKax

rri,n:ripcbKliX rocrro,n:apJIMli

JIKliH

y

rrepiiiy-


ImocmpoeaHa JiiiiiiiY rrpo

icmopi5l

XVIII

CbKIIX

rip

paBIIIII

CT.,

rrepiiiy

1529

y

fHaTJOK 3

icHyBano

B2Ke

icTopiiK

K.

cT.

BORa

a

XVIII

cT.

3

XVI

.IJ:pyro1 U:JI

.IJ:-poM

TaKo1

2K

rroTiM

XVII

rronoBIIHII

3araJibHOB2KIIBaHOIO

i

HaBiTh

qHHOM, piiiiiKiBChKIIX l(IIM,

Ha

Haiiiy

Y XVI Ti Ta

cT.

.IJ:O

CTOJiiTTJI

B

Ilonnmi

2KaJih,

.IJ:iHIIIJia

qifcJii

i

JIKi

MOJI.I(aBChKoro

pa30M

3

rrpo

MOJI.I(aBChKi

p.

pociH:cbKIIH

Brrepiiie rronoBIIHII

HapeiiiTi,

.IJ:pyry

y

IlpiiKaprraTTi

<j:>oJihKJiop.

Ha

XV-

, TaKIIM

rroqaToK

XVI

rronoBIIHY

arr-

cT.

3

IIOrO.I(IITIICJI. Ha

faJIIIU:hKOMY

IlpiiKaprraT-

orrpiiiiiKiBChKoro

KiJihKiCTh

po3rOpTaHHJI

.1(2Kepen.

pyxy

B

B

u;eH:

cepe.IJ:IIHi

2K

OIIpiiiiiKiBCbKOrO pyxy CTaJIO

CJIHOU:hKa

IlepeMIIIIIJihChKa

JleMKiBII(IIHa. ryu;ynhChKi

orrpiiiiiKII

3HaqHy

.IJ:OIIOMory

Ha.l(aBaJIII

HIIMII

O.I(HOqacHO

nyKOBIIHII,

rocrro.l(apcTBa.

1547

y

Jl:paKoxpycT,

He

BOHO

.1(2Kepen

I

qacTo.

.IJ:iJIJIII

IloKyTTJI

rOCIIO.I(api

Taro mo

rrepiiio1

pyxy Ha

K.

po3BIITOK

HeBeJIIIKa

aKTOBIIX

eTHorpa<j:>

,orrpiiiiiOK

aKTax

rrepexo.I(IITh

He

B

BII.IJ:IIMO,

IIIIChMOBIIX

.IJ:OCIITh

rroiiiiipiiBCJI

3

MeToJO

rroJihChKO-MOJI.I(aBchKOMY

30 JIIICTorra.l(a

-

B

B cT.

,OIIpiiiiiOK

raJIIIU:hKIIH

ceJIJIHChKoro

fyu;ynhll(IIHa),

aKTIIBHO

<j:>eo.l(aJiiB

M02KHa

l(eHTpOM

Mon.l(aBiL

OIIpiiiiiKII,

Ha

He

(rrepeBa2KHO TOMY

IIpiiiia.l(a€

orrpiiiiiKiB

Ha

Hac

Oco6JIIIBO

pyxy

pyx

OCHOBHIIM

IloKyTTJI

Ha

.1\YMKY,

Ilo.l(inni.

rrepio.IJ:

3eMJii,

BIICTyiiiB

cT.

XVI

y

TepMiH

TepMiH -

o6i6-

o<j:>opMIIJIOCh

.IJ:OTpiiMYEThCJI

aHani3y mo

i,

cMepTb".

orrpiiiiiKiBCTBO,

.IJ:YMKII

3pi.IJ:Ka

Ha3Ba JIK 03HaqeHHJI

II(O

cepe-

KaprraT-

1M

TiJihKII

Eannu;epoM,

ocHoBi

BIICHOBKY,

cT.,

rrpiiBO.IJ:JITh

rrpiiBO.IJ:Y

B

yMoBaM

3YCTpiqa€TbCJI

po3rroqanocJI

Ha

.IJ:OXO.IJ:IITh

B

u;noro

, ... KOJIII

cT.".

<j:>aKT,

rOBOpiiTII

Haiia.l(a!OTb

fyu;ynhll(IIHi

qacTiiiie

Ill, 0

,

IIIJIJIXTa

orrpiiiiiKiBCTBO

Ha

BCe

3

oronoiiieHIIX

XVI

B

cT.

JICKIIHJIX,

Ma€TKY,

rrepeKOHY€

IIOTiM

Jl:paKoxpycT.

3YCTpiqaeThCJI

XVII,

a

IIaHaM.

raJIIIl(bKa

rrpiipO.IJ:HIIM

B

mo

BorHIIII(e

qepry,

rriicaB: aKTiB,

y

roBopiiTII,

p.,

CeHMi

.IJ:06piiM

F.)

93

3

IIOMCTII

Ha

CMOKII

B.

-

XVI1-XVIII

MaTepianax

XVIII

(IIIJIJIXTY

JIK

ToM

.I(JIJI

3aB.I(JIKII

M02KHa

l(bOMY, B

3ra.l(y€TbCJI

CTa€

JIKi

aHTII<j:>eo.l(aJibHe

3HaeMo:

rip

p03MH02KIIJIIICJI,

BrreBHeHo

B.

3

IIOBi.I(OMJIJIJia

JIJO.I(eil

oKpeMe

Y

, 3JiiTaB"

XBIIJIIIHY

orrpiiiiiKiB,

.I(IIHi

IlpuKapnammR.

IIOJibChKi 6yB

B

JIKa

6araTbOX TO.I(i

KOpOJii

B

MiCl(JIX Haiia.l(aJIII

B

.1(0

CKJia.l(y

orrpiiiiiKiBChKoro

cepe.IJ:IIHi

YKJia.l(aJIII

yKJia.l(eHIIH .l(oroBip,

rrorpaHifqqi 6yKOBIIHChKi

BXO.I(IIJia

rrpii.IJ:YIIIeHHJI

rrorpaHifqqi

Ha lM

XVI

.I(OrOBOpii.

JIKOMY

cT. TaK,

3a3Haqanoch,


94

BoJtoiJuMup

II(O

OIIpiiiiiKiB

,MalOTI,

KapaTII

Ha

Micu;i,

a

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

BTiKaqiB-IIi):J)J;aHIIX

Tpe6a

BII)J:aBaTII Y2Ke

XVI

B

fyu;yJihll(IIHII, KaMII,

3

TII

II(06

i,

cT.

lX

6e3rrepepBHi

3B'JI3KII

CeJIJIHaMII

l(iH

lliJIJIXTa

B

p.,

1587

JibChKOl JIIIJia

i

CbKOBi

HapO)J:HOrO

i

3

IIIJIJIXTII

JIKa

pi3HIIX

3i6paBIIIIICh

Haiia)J:aMII

3aXO)J:iB

Ha

Hapa)J:y

IlepeMIIIII-

OIIpiiiiiKiB

HarrpaBIITII

IIpOTII

YXBa-

HIIX

BiH-

)1;0

JIIO)J:eH

Ta

KOpOJIJI

Ha

rrpo

KOpOJIJI

HeO)J:HOpa30Bi

qepe3

IIpii60pKaHHJI

3

rrorpaHifqqi.

)1;0

rrpoxaHyHiBepca-

rrorpaHifqqi''.

yHiBepcaJI

KOp)J:OHY

3

crreu;iaJibHIIM

yHiBep-

IIOCTiHHO

rrpoxaHHJI

Ha)J:-

MOJI)J:aBChKIIX

OIIpiiiiiKiB. ypJI!J:II

6yna

y

Bi!J:HOBIITII

CKJia)J:i

IIpliMO

JIK

qifHIITII Ha

<!Jeo)J:a-

CIIpaBe)J:JIII-

IIOJibChKOMY,

BKa3yBaJIOCh,

rrepecJii)J:yBaTII,

)J:iJIJihHiCTh

HaH:6iJihiiiiiX

,CIIiJihHO

OIIpiiiiiKiB

yHiBepcaJii

Tpe6a

BIIpiiiiiiJIII

KOMicil

BIICTyiiaM

B

6ou;i. TaK02K

qacTIIHY Ha

OKpeMy

!Opii)J:IfqHo

BIIMory Ha

II(O

yB'JI3HIOBaTII,

CTaTTIO

BOEBO!J:CTBa,

CIIpaBi CyTh

BJiaCHIIKOM) CeH:M

He

TaK

MOJI)J:aB-

KapaTII

3aXO)J:II

rrpaBO u;eH:

Ha !J:Oporax,

B

3a

1588

p.

B

6yB CeHM

TOMY,

CTapOCTIIHChKIIX cTapocTa

BIIKOHaTII

H:

cT.

OIIpiiiiiKiBCbKOrO

3aXi!J: TIIM,

ane

XVI

fyu;yJihll(IIHy.

3MyiiieHIIH

IIOJIJiraJia

KoponiBChKIIH MaJIII

poKax

IIIJIJIXTII

cell:My.

IIpii)J:yiiieHHJI

MOTIIByBaB

JIIIIIIe

80-x

rOJIOBHe

l(iel CTaTTi

IIpiiHHJITi

orrpiiiiiKiB.

orrpiiiiiKOM.

B

BO€BO)J:CTBa,

rrpiiKaprraTChKOl

B

y3aKOHIOBaB

(IIOTeprriJIIIM

crra,~J:aB

He

o6rOBOpeHHJI

BO€BO)J:CTBi.

rrpii!J:YIIIeHHJI

crriH:MaHIIM

pyx

PychKOrO

IIIITaHHJI

PychKOMY

PychKoro

TaK02K

KOpOJib

HOBIIH

IIOBIIHHa

KpaH:

ypJI!J: l(e

IIpiiHHJIB

crrpaBi

p.

CBaBiJihHIIX

orrpiiiiiKiBChKIIH

IIOCTaBIITII

IIaHOM

MiCl(eBOl IIIJIJIX-

faJIIIl(bKOl,

6yKOBIIHChKO-raJIIIl(bKOMY

CTOpiH,

6iJihiiiY

IloJihChKIIH

CeHM

)J:JIJI

Micu;Jix OIIpiiiii-

OIIpiiiiiKaMII.

IlpoTe OXOIIIIB

15 80

MOJI)J:aBChKIIH

IIi)J:)J:aHIIX

B

3

pi3HIIX

B2KIIBaJia

MarHaTII

T06TO

MOJI)J:aBCbKOrO

Bi)J:

IIOKJiaCTII

3B'JI3KII

y

3

MOJI)J:aBCbKOMY

CbKIIX

pyxy

BORa

3B'JI3KY

MOJI)J:aBChKO-IIOJibChKOl

o6ox

BiCTb", i

y

BII)J:aB

,BTIIXOMIIpiiTII

IloJihChKIIH

3

Ha

II(O

CKaprii

CIIiJihHOl JiiB

He6e3IIeKy

3BepHyJiaCJI

ciqHJI

KOpOJib

pyxy

BII)J:HO,

rOCIIO)J:apiB

4

,KapaTII

poKiB

XO)J:IIJIII

IIIJIJIXTa

3aXO)J:iB.

HaKa3aB

KiJihKa

CaJiy

3eMeJib,

y

MOJI)J:aBChKIIMII

CIIJIII.

B2KIITII

JIOM

orrpiiiiiKiB

BOEBO!J:CTBa,

KepyBaJIII

CIIpaBe)J:JIIIBiCTb",

IlpiiKaprraTCbKa HJIM

BeJIIIKY

He6e3rreu;i,

pychKoro

JIKOIO

JlnBiBCbKOl

,qlfHIITII

BIICTYIIII

3aKaprraTChKIIMII,

CTaHOBIIJIII

3arro6irTII

caMoo6opoHII. ciqHi

i3

B!J:OMa

pa3oM

BIIpOK mo

II(O

cy)J:iB 3

Ha)J:

,IIIJIJIXTa

rrepeHOCIITh


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

He6e3IIeKy Bi.[( OIIpiiiiiKiB". Jia

po3BIITKY

II

Ane

orrpiiiiiKiBChKoro

PychKOrO

BO€BO.[(CTBa

BIIpiiiiiiJia

rrpiiHHJITi

80-x

pyxy

6ynii

MIIKY

B

y

crrpJIMOBaHi

1592

i

1593

IlpiiKaprraTCbKa 6iJihiii

cyBopi

He

OKOJIIIU:JIX

-

CbKO-IIOJibChKiH 3i6paTIICJI BaB

Ha

IlpoTe

OcHOBHIIMII

orrpiiiiiKII

Y

Ha

Micu;Jix

Y

TII

a

Ha

B

.IJ:iJIB

3eMJIJI

Ha

CaMi

3aXO.[(II,

orrpiiiiiKiBChKoro

BIIIIIeHChKoro

lll

HOBi,

B.[(aCTbCJI

ceH:-

Ilo.[(iJIJii.

11

Ane

CIIO.[(iBaHHJI y

ripCbKIIX

I

CJIHOU:hKOl 3eMeJih. 1598

p.

IIpii.IJ:YIIIeHHJI a

yHiBepcaJIII

HaKa3yBaB

3HOBY

MOJI.[(aB-

OIIpiiiiiKiBCbKOrO

yHiBepcaJI

He

.[(e.[(aJii

IIpii60pKaTII

1600

MOJI.[(aBChKO-IIOJibChKOMY

.[(0

MOrJIII

p.

pyxy

HaKa3y-

rrorpaHifqqi.

IIpiiiiiiHIITII

pyx

JIKi

-

3aJIIIIIIaJIIICJI:

IIOKYTTJI.

IloJihChKIIH 6yna

rrepiiiiH: Ha

B.

icTopiiK

BJiaCTIIBO

3axo.[(i

AKTIIBHO

XVII

rronoBIIHi -

CJIHoqqifHa

po3rOpTaJIII

Jlo3iHChKIIH

KpalHOIO

cT.

CBOl .[(il

TBep.IJ:IIB,

OIIpiiiiiKiB,

OC06JIIIBO

OKOJIIII(JIX

OIIpiiiiiOK

J!6JiyHOBa

i3

c.

OrrpiiiiiKII

Ha

B

fpiirOBifq.

Eepe3iB

3

u;noro

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

1604-1605 Ta

iHIIIIIX

3aroHy

.[(iJIB

pp.

B

,3

l(IIX

Bi.IJ:.[(aJieHIIX

6ynii

3acy.[(2KeHi

CTpaTII. pp.

aHTII<j:>eo.[(aJihHi

aKTIIBi3yBaJIIICJI, Hapa.[(y

6ynii

i

II(O

JIKi

B

faJIIIl(bKOl

BO€BO.[(CTBi.

CTapOCTi,

rrpoTII

lliJIJIXTa

OIIpiiiiiKiB 6yna

ceH:MIIKa

II(O.[(eHHO IIIJIJIXTY

3eMJii

BeJIIIKOMY

IIIJIJIXTa

yxBani

,CBi2KO

3HIIII(YJOTh

crrpJIMOBaHi

BIICTYIIII

MiCl(eBa

cell:MIIK.

IIIJIJIXTa

Ilo.[(iJihCbKOMY MIIHCbKOMY

.[(ani

Ha6yB y

II OKYTTJI".

BKa3yBaJIOCJI,

l(bOMY,

i

pyx

orrpiiiiiKiB

Bi.IJ: orrpiiiiiKiB",

yxBaJIII,

IIIJIJIXTa

IIpO.[(OB2KyBaJiaCb

yHiBepcaJI

MOJI.[(aBi€10,

u;eH:

ripCbKIIX

3ariH

1605-1608

p.

Ti

3YIIIIHII-

cT.

3aCTOCOByJOqlf

Ha

OIIpiiiiiKiB

MeTOIO 3

CXO.[(i

IlpiiKaprraTTJI.

6iJihiiie

1608

3

po3BIITKY

IloKyTTi.

p.

crreu;iaJihHY

Ka

KOMicil

IIOMiqHIIKaMII"

IIIJIJIXTOIO

II(e

IIIO,

IIOBCTaHl(iB,

yHiBepcaJIII:

3aJIIIIIIanocJI

1602

ocenh

rrpii.IJ:YIIIeHHJI

IlepeMIIIIIJihChKOl i

BorHIIII(aMII

,faJIIIl(bKa

CBOlMII

3aCTOCOByBaTII

CTaJIOCJI

KOpOJiiBChKi

JleMKiBII(IIHa,

Bi.IJ:OMIIM

XVI

poKax

MeCHIIKiB.

Oco6JIIIBoro

II(O

l(e

,CBaBOJii"

HiJIKi

HapO.[(HIIX

i

JIK

HOrpaHifqqi

3arro6irTII

IIOCTaHOBa He

90-x

Ha

BBa2KaJia,

6opOTb6a

HOBi

CeHMOBa

3araJibHopychKoro

IIpOTII

faJIIIU:hKOl,

3'JIBJIJIIOTbCJI

95

pp.

IIIJIJIXTa

pyx,

CIIpaB.[(IIJIIICb

3

B

.[(aJii

poKax.

yxBaJIII

3aXO.[(II

OIIpiiiiiKiBChKIIH

l(JI

pyxy.

JIKi

6ynii

ToM

i

11

Bi.IJ:

15

36iJihiiiY€TbCJI Ma€TKII.

BIIpiiiiiiJia orrpiiiiiKiB

.[(OpyqiiJia

Ha

Ill o6

3i6paTII BepecHJI

He6e3IIe3arro6ir-

IIpiiHHJITII B

KiHu;i

Ha

B

XVI

raJIIIl(bKOMY

3eMJieBJiaCHIIKY

faJIIfqiiHi

3MyiiieHa

II

ce6e cT.

B

KOJIO-

IlpiiKaprraTTi


96

BoJtoiJuMup

CTaHicnaBy

Bno,[(IIKY

KapaTII".

Ane

KiJihKiCTb

He

He

3MOrJia

i

l(JI

,po3raHJITII rpi3Ha

JIIIIIIe

IIOCTaHOBa,

IIOJibChKIIX,

IIpiiiiiiHIITII

pyx

raJIIIl(bK0-6yKOBIIHChKOMY ,[(OMJieHb HO

aJie

y

IIO):(iJihChKIIX

,IIOCTiHHO"

IIOKYTCbKO-MOJI,[(aBChKIIX

Ha

B

ChKIIH

He

):(iJIJIII

B

Y

IIIa.

H:

y

cT.

XVII

poKax IIi):(

Ta

IIIJIJIXeTChKY qac

faJIIIqa

cT.

Ha

B

ChKIIX mo B

i

Ha

iTII

qepe3

6panii

Y

HOBKY

IIOCTiH-

OIIpiiiiiKiBCbKOrO

B

KonoMIIHChKOMY

p.

IIIJIJIXTY

IIIJIJIXTIIq

He

JIIIIIIe

CTaHicnaB-

He6e3IIeKy Bi):( OIIpiiiiiKiB,

(To6To

Kap):(aiii

CTeiiaH JIKIIH

JIKi

<j:>opTel(i

3ariH

IIoqaB

EyKnacKo,

i

IIicJIJI

6yB

IIi):(Ka3aB

yqacTh

i,

oiipiiiiiKiB-

fpiiHJI

30KpeMa,

40

p.

qonoBiK,

3a

Ha TOll

Kap):(a-

3

IlHeBa.

Ha

qoni

,[(OIIOMOrOJO

qac

Ha

MarHaTII

oiipiiiiiKII

3

IIaH-

fyl(yJihll(IIHi KypoiiaTBII.

3axoiiiiJIII

3axoiiJieHHJI

MaTepiany Ha

MaH:Ho,

B

JIK

Ha

,IIepiiiiiH ,cnyro10

qoni

3 3

B

3

Ha

aKTaX, i3

Micn:eBIIMII

ceJIJIHII

XVII

cT.

MOJI,[(aBChKIIMII BaTaJKKOM

Ilpii6yBIIIII

TaKoJK

n:noro IIOKYT-

BIIJIBJIJI€ThCJI,

IIoqaTKY

oqeBII,[(HO,

3aiiiiCaHO

po3IIpaBJIJITIICJI a

cT.

Ha

6opOTh6i

fpeqiiH,

faniiqiiHII).

yqacHIIKiB

):(iJIJihHiCTh

XVII

Mon,[(aBil,

oiipiiiiiKiB

cnyrii,

IIpo

IIoqaTKY

):(O

IleTpO

CeJIJIH, ):(O

BaTaJKKa

BOJIO):(iJIII

CyqaBII

p.

):(iJITII

rOCIIO,[(IIHe!O.

HaJieJKana

IIaHChKi

paHiiiie

3

oiipiiiiiKiB

1621

IIoqaB

1621

<j:>opTen:i

n:iKaBoro

OIIpiiiiiKiB

HoMy ):(OIIOMaranii

3aroHy,

JIKa

B

JIKOIO

CKJia):(eHi

IIpocnaBIIBCJI

Pycn"

IloKyTTJI,

TaK,

p03IIpaBy

)l:oporOHOBa

fpeqiiHOM.

Ha

1623

Hail6iJihiiiY

IIHiBChKOl

MOJI):(aBChKIIX

ryl(yJihChKIIX

Ha

IIOBi-

IIyll(i

Ha

raJIIIU:hKIIX cin

JIKOMY

IlHiB,

6 ara TO

EyKoBIIHi,

<j:>eo):(aJiaMII

y

fyn:ynhll(IIHi

3

3HIIII(IIB

IIpOTOKOJIII,

):(aiD Th

OKOJIIII(JIX

poM

CeJIJIH

<j:>opTel(JO

BqlfHIIJIII

Cy):(oBi 3aroHy,

3

MOJI,[(aBaHII

y):(apii

Haiia):(aJIII

MOJI,[(aBCbKOrO

ceJIJIHII

3ariH,

3):(o6yTTJI

U:iHHOCTi,

O,[(HOMY

xapaKTep

cBoi:

TaK,

qypiiJIOM

IIi):(

p03BIIBaBCJI

B

i

BeJIIIKa

3eMJieBJiaCHIIKiB,

,[(aJii p.

i

OKOJIIII(JIX.

BoHII

KepiBHIIl(TBOM

OIIpiiiiiKiBChKIIH

CJiyr

JIOBIITII

KpaJIX.

H oMy ):(OIIOMaranii

CbKIIX

H

1618

TpiiBaJIIIH

MaETKax.

Mir IIpii6yTII ,1:(0

3ariH

Ha

II(O B

i:x

IIi):(IIIICaJiaCb

CHJITIIHChKiH

aKTIIBi3yBaJIII

XVII

poKax

ane

l(IIX

20-x

ChKIIH

3HaqHo

20-x

IIIJIJixax,

BKa3y€

JIKOIO

,OIIpiiiiiKII

KpaJIX

BIICJiiB

OIIpiiiiiKII

II(O

,HeraH:Ho

yKpalHChKIIX

OIIpiiiiiKiB,

pyxy

IIOBiTi

IIi):(

H

IIOrpaHifqqi.

cyqacHIIKa rOBOpiiJIOCJI,

):(iJOTb

B

oiipiiiiiKiB,

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

IleT-

IIpOXaHHJI

,):(03BOJIIIB

lM

3aroHoM

Ha

<j:>eo):(aJiaMII.

HaBKOJIIIIIIHix

cin.

po3Bi):(HIIK B

):(Bopi",

):(o6pe

MOJI,[(aBo-ryl(yJihChKIIM

BIIBqiiB

OIIpiiiiiKaM,

o6cTaJIK

3,1:(0-


ImocmpoeaHa 6yTII

icmopi5l

yKpiiTJieHIIH

CKJia.[(aJiaCJI

3

3aMOK.

,.[(e

,He

HIIMII

MaJIII

3

He

6yno

3

qaH

lliO

BiH

CTOpOHi

pi3HIIX lX

ITO

3B'JI3KII

1626

2KOBTHi CiJI

Ta

BIITIICJI

3

MiCiiJIX",

He

yropCbKIIX

KopOJib

1618

6oKy

KapiTa T

ITIICaB i

KOpOJih,

3ra.[(aHi

6yB .IJ:O

lli06 T06TO

lJ,eH:

ITepiO.[(

BOHII

BIIJIBJieHi He

BlliY-

ITi.IJ:03piOBana

JIKIIMII 3

Y

TaM

.[(OKyMeHTaX

ITi.[(TpiiMyBaB .[(0

BIICO-

BIIcoqaHa

CTapOCTBa

lli06

BCJIKi

HaH:6inhrn

fRaT

fHaTa

faJIIIIibKOrO MiCIIi,

HIIMII

3B'JI3KII

30KpeMa,

B

.[(Bip

BiJihHO

Mir

3aiTIICaHO,

lliO

rpoMa.[(II

3B 'JI3KII,

bO.[(HapoBa,

JIIO.[(eH

3

p03Ca.[(IIBlliii lli06

p03ITpa-

oiTpiirnKiBChKIIM

15 8 8

p.

MOJI.[(aBChKIIX 3aKpiiTII

BII

(lliJIJIXTa

BCi

6pO.[(II,

B03aMII

i

OITpiilliKiB

f.)

lliJIJIXII, Ta

Be.[(yTh

3eMni,

a 3

Taro

CITiJihHO

ITepeXO.[(II,

3a

ITpiiKap-

TaK02K

Ha

YroprniiHII

lliJIJIXiB. 3

O.[(HOrO

xoqeMo, lie

3

-

B3JIJIIICb

CTe2KKII,

ITilliKII

p.

PychKOrO

3aKpiiTTJIM JIKi

XO.[(IITII

HiKoro

1613

Y

.[(JIJI

6opOTh6i

HeO.IJ:MiHHO,

B.

-

KiHhMII

3aKIIHYTII ...

CITiJihHiH

BCi .[(OpOrii,

, H aKa3 yeMo

pyxoM.

CITeiiiaJibHO

JIKIIMII

YrOplliiiHII

B OJIOlliiiHY, .IJ:O

Harniix

.[(ep-

ITycKaTII".

Ilo.[(i6Hi OITpiilliKiB, Hacni.IJ:KiB.

KOpOJiiBChKi 3'JIBJIJIJIIICJI Pyx

yHiBepcaJIII MaH2Ke

oiTpiirnKiB

eKoHoMiqHoro

CTaHOBIIllia

1628

BII.[(aHO

p.

pp.,

6opOTb6a

,3i6paBlliii

CeMIIropo.IJ:ChKOl

3aMeCTII,

pp.,

ITO

KJiaCOBa

ITepelliKO.[(IITII

.IJ:pyriiH:.

-

1648

1648-16 54

<j:>aKTII,

bO.[(HapiB

ITOCTaHOBY

HaKa3aB

l3.[(IITII

KopoHII

3apy6aTII, He

Ha

MiCIIJI,

3BifqaH:

2KaB

p.

(oiTpiilliKII)

qfiCJieHHi

ITi.IJ:TPIIMyBaJIII

ITi.[(03piJIOMY

BCTYITIIB

HaMip

ITaTChKIIX, y

JIKa

HaBiTI,

lliJIJIXTOIO.

CBOIO

MaiOqfi

1638

3

Hapo.[(y

faJIIfqfiHi,

OITpiilliKaMII".

3

lliO

lliO

y

ITPIIITIIHJIJIII 6opoTn6y 3

ITOHOBIIB

BO€BO.[(CTBa,

C.

BIIcoqaH,

MiCiieBOIO

BnacTi CeHM

p.

a

fYIIYJihlliiiHi.

lliJIJIXTa B

3

CTOp02Ka,

OITOpy,

yqacHIIKII

6opOTb6II.

0.[(HaK

pyxiB

Ha

OITpiilliKiB,

pi3HIIX

.[(OBeCTII,

oiTpiirnKaMII

JIIO.[(eH

qfiHIIJia

yKpalHCbKOrO

KJiaCOBOl

Ha

CeMeH.

3aMKOBa

He

,ITepe.[( TIIM"

CBi.[(qaTb,

i

IT06y.[(yBaB Bi.[(

ITi.[(TpiiMyBaTII B

ITpOJIBiB

BORa

HaiTa.[(y

ITOp03yMiHHJI".

HapO.[(HIIX

CIIH

xoq

97

3

JIIIllie

CITOKO€M".

rYIIYJihChKIIMII BaTa2KKII

H:oro

TOMY,

qac

BiHHII

iCTOpiiKaMII,

ToM

He

HaMaraJIIICJI

Bi.[(6yBaJiaCJI

To.IJ:i

,Ha

2KO.[(HOrO

,30JIOTIIM

yKpalHChKIIMII

BII.[(aTHi

ITaH",

BII3BOJibHOl

YKpalHi

Ha3IIBaJIII

XaJia.

CITIITb

iCTOpiiKII

HaiTepe.[(O.[(Hi Ha

Ili.[(

CeJIJIH-6i.[(HJIKiB,

ITOKa3yBaJia,

)l:eJIKi

IlpuKapnammR.

3HOBY

MaH.[(aTII,

lliOPOKY,

3pocTaB

pa3oM

aJie 3

BOHII

B

JIKOMY

He

.[(aBaJIII

IToriprneHHJIM

ITpiiKapiTaTCbKOrO

yHiBepcaJI,

CITpliMOBaHi

CeJIJIHCTBa.

KOpOJib

ITpOTII 2KO.[(HIIX

COiiiaJihHOY

HaKa3yBaB

6epe3Hi 3aroc-


98

BoJtoiJuMup

TpiiTII

3aKOHII,

nOBIITII

II( 06

KapaTII

J!KII(O

B

TiCHOMY

TinhKII

ropii

Mana"

He

,BCIO)l)1

BIIHHIIX".

CXi.[(HOMY

3B 'JI3KY

, CBaBOnJI

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

3

IlpiiKaprraTTi

MOn.[(aBChKIIMII

OIIpiiiiiKII

ryu;ynhChKi

rro6 pa TIIMaMII,

TO

B

.[(iJinii

B

3aXi.[(HOMY lM

.IJ:OIIOMaranii rronhChKi tt yropchKi orrpiiiiiKII. TaK 3apO.IJ:2KyBanacb crrinhHa 6opOTb6a

IIpiirHo6neHIIX

CbKOrO

IIOnhCbKOrO

Pyx

orrpiiiiiKiB,

rronoBIIHi

XVII

BII3BOnhHoi"

rn:o

cT.,

MaC

yKpalHCbKOrO,

Hapo.[(iB

IIpOTII

BIIHIIK

y

Ha6yB rn:e

6opOTb6II

IIOHeBOnJOBaqiB.

cT.

po3BIIBaBcJI

XVI

6inhiiioro

yKpalHCbKOrO

rrpoBO.IJ:OM .[(ep2KaBHoro .IJ:iJiqa i

MOn.[(aBCbKOrO,

CBOlX

B

yrop-

rrepiiiitt

po3Maxy B rrepio.IJ: HapO.IJ:HO-

Hapo.[(y

1648-1655

B

pp.

IIi.[(

rronKOBO.IJ:l(JI Eor.[(aHa XMenhHIIl(hKoro.

3. ryu,yJihiii,HHa B nepio,ll, XMeJihHUqquuu 1648-1655 pp. 3.[(aBanOCb 6II,

II(O TepiiTOpiJI

Bi.[( ronOBHIIX TOproBenhHIIX He6y.[(h lHII

Ba2KniiBOl poni

3aranoM.

BIIKniiKana

TOpKaniiCb

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

<l>aKTII Bi.[(ryK.

3eMnJIMII BCe

2K

IJpo

1594 p.

IJ OKYTTJI

Ha

KOHKpeTHO nJO.[(ett",

cBi.IJ:qaTh

yqacTb

ryu;yniB

Y

MaB

IIO.[(ii"

TiCHIIX

fy-

pi.[(KO

3B'JI3KiB

3

3

OCHOBHi

TaKi

.[(aHi.

3aroHoM

3ariH

Y

l(e

.[(a€

l(bOMY

IIOBCTaHHi.

6oKy

,cKna.[(aB

BoniiHChKoro,

(faniiqiiHII)

0T2Ke,

KepiBHIIK

CeBepiiH 3

rrpaBO

BOE:BO.IJ:CTB BIICnOBIITII

TYT

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

3

cenJIH-

HaniiBattKo Mon.[(aBii"

HOBOBIIJIBneHIIX

HaniiBattKa

KIIi"BChKoro,

3HaXO.[(IInii

MaC

BII.IJ:aTHIItt

1594-1596 pp. cBoi"M

IIO.[(ii"

B

qepe3

.[(OKyMeHTaX

qifManiitt

rronK

Ilo.[(inhcbKoro, Ta

,iHIIIIIX

rip-

IIpiiiiyll(eHHJI

rrpo

1613 p. Ha 3arrpoiiieHHJI yKpai"HChKoro Mirn:aHIIHa <l>. fop6aiiia B

KonoMIIJO KiB".

3i

PychKoro

y

He

YKpa-

3 icTopii"

rroniTifqHi

IIOHeBoneHIIX

fycJITIIH.

rn:o

3i6paniicJI

OKOniil(b

Kpatt

II(O

6opOTb6II

rrpottiiioB

Epau;naBChKoro

CKinhKII-

YKpalHII.

Te pe 6 OBnJO

ChKIIX

Bi.[(irpaBaTII

rroniTifqHoMy 2KIITTi

3HaqHi

TOMY u;ett

rroBcTaHHJI

cKa3aHo,

JIKi

i

p03TaiiiOBaHa IIOO.[(anb

MOrna

icTopiiqHIIX .[(2Kepen

Hi6II

rrepeKOHYIOTh,

Ha.IJ:.IJ:HirrpJIHII(IIHOJO

niirrHi

KinhKiCTh

.IJ:YMKII,

€.[(HiCTb

ChKO-K03al(bKoro

He

B eKOHOMiqHoMy i

HeBeniiKa

u;ynhll(IIHII

OCHOBHIIMII

fyu;ynhll(IIHII,

IIInJIXiB,

rrpii6yno

i3

3arropi3bKoi"

Ciqi

BoHII po3rrpaBnJiniich 3i IIInJIXTOJO,

,Tpii

coTHi

HII30BIIX

K03a-

KaToniil(hKIIM .IJ:YXOBeHCTBOM


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

HaMararriicJI BOJIO):(iB KociB,

3a

TaKIIM

6yB

crriH:MaTII

TO):(i

mo

lX

JIKi

€):(HiCTh

II(O

3

CTOpiHKY

U:YJihll(IIHII. piiTII

Hall:

(5-6

HJI

-

rri):(

TJI2KKIIX

KopcyHeM).

BIIJIBIIB

HOrO

IIOJIKOBO):(l(JI. CBOl

MII,

BiH

TaJiaHT

MIIB

Hail6iJihiiii IIIJIJIXeTChKOl )l,rrJI

Hapo):(y

CIIpiiJIJIII BCTaHb

y

,BepXOBIIHChKi

Hail6iJihiii

3piiMO

yKpalHChKOrO BIIIICaB

Eor):(aHy

IIpOJIBIIJiaCJI

Hapo):(y

XMeJihHIIU:hKOMY

3arOHII,

JIKi

3):(06yJIII

JIIO):(

CTBO6JIIIC-

3a):(y-

IIo-

Marrii 6o IIO-

cerrax

Jli-

IlpaBo6epe2KBIIJIIIBaJIII

BIICTyiiiB

Ha

3eMJIJIX.

Ha

CeJIJIH

3aXi):(HOyKpalH-

EocaaH

Xf.teJlbHUl{bKUU.

3 cpae10pu IoH()iyca.

pp. fy-

KiJihKa

BiHChKOBi

i

rre-

B):(arrocJI

po3rpo-

Peqi

B

1648-1655

IIOHeBOJieHIIH

BII):(aT-

ycrrixii

MicTax

IIi):(HeCeHHJI

ChKIIX

IIpii€):(HaJIIICh

U:IIX

aKTIIBi3au;il

Ilo):(iJIJIJI,

Mill(aH

Y

3

rH06IITeJiiB-<j:>eo):(aJiiB.

YK-

3HaqeHHJI,

Bo6epe2K2KJI, 2KJI,

K03aKiB

yKpalHChKO-

u;i

Berriiqe3He

3aKaprraTTi

Ha):(2KyrraHy".

TpaB-

CTpaTeriqHi

CIIJIII

ro

Ha

3):(iHCHIO-

qacTIIHaMII

crrorriiToL

p.)

,):(OIIOMaraTII

XMeJihHIIU:h-

KIIH

IOqlf

(1619

cT.

IIi):(

16

Bo):(aMII,

y

3aiiOp02Kl(i.

BiHCbKa-

TpaBHJI

6IITBax

IIYCTIIJIIICJI

JIKIIH BTiK

CIO):(II

JiiTOIIIIC p.

rH06IITeJib

rrorrh-

IlpaBo6epe2KHiH

:IKoBTIIMII

BiHHII

l(eH

1648

ChKO- IIIJIJIXeTChKIIMII

palHi

l(IIX

516rroHOBChKoro,

0):(HaK

KpaH:.

XVII

CeJIJIHChKO-K03al(hKi

rrepeMor

Ha

u;eH:

CBOlX

ryu;yrraMII

B

HaBecHi

BeJIIIKi

KyqiiX

MII

):(0

HeHaBII):(iJIII

MaTBiJI

fyu;yJihll(IIHY

IIpiiHIIIJIII

HapO):(HO-BII3BOJihHOl

5J:cKpaBy

y

rroqaTKY

JIKi

K03aKiB

Ha

99

3

fyu;yJihll(IIHi.

IIOXi):(

Ha

Bi):(OMO,

pycHaKII",

Ha

IIOrOHIO

K03aKII,

):(OKyMeHTiB

piO):(

y

rrepiiiiiH

3BiCTKII,

rrepe6yBaJIII

rri):(cTapocTy

Ma€TKaMII

HIIM

ToM

IlpuKapnammR.

1649 p.


100

BoJtoiJuMup

Tpy,n:oBirtt

nro,n:

fanrrqiiHII,

TeprriHHJIM qeKaB

ChKIIH rraTpiiiiitt C. B

faJIIIqiiHY

IQqii

ttoro

fYIIYJihllfiiHII,

3

He

pa,n:icHIIM

He-

BIIITa)J;KOBO JihBiB-

KyrneBrrq rrepe,n: BcTyrroM rronKiB XMeJihHIIIfhKoro

ITOBi)J;OMJIJIB

rpeifbKOl Bipii

30KpeMa

rrpiiXO!J:Y BII3BOJihHIIX BiHChK.

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

,!1;0

BaprnaBII:

, ll,e

oqeBII!J:HO,

lifO

JIIO)J;II

3 OXOTOIO BIIrJIJI)J;aiOTh BOp ora (XMeJibHIIIfhKOro),

3a

HOBoro

MottceJI,

JIKIItt

Mae

BII3BOJIIITII

3

Ma-

JIJIJJ:ChKOl

HeBOJii". Ill,o6

ITi)J;HJITII

Ha

BII3BOJihHY

6opOTh6y

Hapo,n:Hi

MaCH

faJIIIqiiHII,

Eor,n:aH XMeJihHIIIfhKIItt BCTaHOBJIIO€ 3B'JI3KII 3 MiciieBIIM HaceneHHJIM qepe3

cBoi"x crreiiiaJihHO

Ha,n:icnaHIIX

yrroBHOBa2KeHIIX.

J!peMy KoHqeBChKoro, 6yno crrittMaHo B c.

28

HoL

1648

JIIIITHJI

p03ITOBiB

rrpo

p.

rrepe,n:

3 HIIX,

BonociB rro6JIII3Y Ha,n:Bip-

IllJIJIXeTChKIIM

IlliipOKY rrporraraH)J;IICTChKY

O,n:Horo

CY!J:OM

y

faJIIIqi

BiH

po6oTy ITOCJiaHIIiB XMeJih-

HIIIfhKOro Ha TepiiTOpiJIX, me He 3BiJihHeHIIX Bi,n: IllJIJIXTII, i, 30KpeMa, Ha

IlpiiKaprraTTi.

JIIO)J;ett, B

JIKi

faJIIIqi

rrpOCIIJIII:

BiH

qeKaJIII

3aCBi,n:qyBaB,

lifO

BCIO!J:II

Ha rrpiiXi,n: K03alfbKOrO

CTOJIIIIfi

,fOCITO!J:II,

faJIIIIfhKOl

!J:OITOM02KII

3eMJii,

HalliiiM

B faJIIIqiiHi

3YCTpiqaB

BiHCbKa. 3a

ttoro

CJIOBaMII,

6paTaM

JIIO)J;II

K03aKaM".

3a

CBi,n:qeHHJIM KoHqeBChKOro, KpiM HhOro, ,n:iJIJIII me iHrni yrroBHOBa2KeHi:

,OcTpOBChKIItt

ChKIItt ,n:o Epo,n:iB, TJI".

a JI

KoHqeBChKIItt

KYTTJI ITO TiM

CKIITi

6yB

i

rrepe,n:

<l>e,n:ip

YMOBHi Yci

i3

3HaKII IIi

Ha Einy

3 OcTpora -

rro6yBaB

y

ll,epKBY,

Ha

a

KociiH-

BoJIIIHh

6araThOX

IIi,n:rattiiJIX,

IllJIJIXTOIO,

JIIOJJ:II

3MiHIOBaJIII cBitt

OcTpOJICHIItt,

2Ke6paKaMII.

yHiBepcaJIII

rrirnoB

IloKyT-

MiciieBOCTJIX

fanrrqi,

ITo-

J!MHi i T. ,n:.,

ane

crrittMaHIIH.

MacKyroqrrch

ChKIItt

3 IBaHoM crrpaB,n:i

MaHJIBChKOMY,

JIIICJI 2Ke6paKaMII,

JIIICh

3 TyxoBChKIIM

BoHII

3aKJIIIKOM

XMeJihHIIIfhKoro

rrepe6yBaroqrr

po3ITOBCIO!J:2KYBaJIII ,!1;0

rrepeo,n:Jira-

30BHirnHitt BIIrJIJIJJ:. TaK,

6opOTb6II,

a

Ha

IloKyTTi,

ITIIChMOBi TaK02K

KoHqeB-

rrepeo,n:Jira-

3BepHeHHJI

rrepe,n:aBaJIII

pi3Hi

Bi,n: K03aKiB.

rro,n:il

3aHerroKOIOBaJIII

rrpiiKaprraTChKY

IllJIJIXTy:

,BeJIIIKa

xypTOBIIHa rrpiiiTaJia Ha Harni CTiHII, He6e3rreqHiCTh,

lifO ll He M02KHa

Bi,n:cTyrraTII,

BJiacHoro

rri,n:,n:aHoro

6o

He

nrrrne

rroqrrHaeMo

IJoqaJIOCJI MaCOBe

1648

p.

rri,n:,n:aHIIH

qy2Koro

Bopora,

ane

tt

cBoro

6oJITIIcJI". ,ITOK03aqeHHJI" CeJIJIH

KOpOHHIIH

y

JIIICTi

,!1;0

MimaH.

Ill,e 26 TpaBHJI

KOpOJiiBChKOrO

KaHifJiepa


ImocmpoeaHa

,13

IIIICaB: 6o

icmopi5l

TYT

HaiiiiiM

rrro

JIII i3

a

TO

3aKJIIIKOM

.[(0

TaK02K

rrprrxo.[(IIJIII

B

Berrh

Ta

Kyrrrr

1648

Ha

p.,

MirrraHChKIIX

MicTa

i

BittchK

p.

TIIM,

IIIO

IIi.[(.[(aHIIX,

BonorrrrrHrr"

BiHCbKaMII Ta 36pO€IO

CHJITIIII,

IIOIIepe.[(IITII

BiHChK

Eor.[(aHa 3aroHiB

IIi.[(

KonoMrrro,

HapO.[(HIIH

IliiJIJIBIJJIMII

XMeJihHIIIIhKoro CIIpiiJIJIII

faJIJiqJIHi

i

Ha

BoJIIIHi,

pyx lll y

.IJ:O

p03BIITKY

PaKoHe

BepecHi JlbBOBa

OC06JIIIBO y

BCi

po3Maxy

ce-

KaprraTTi.

Y

IloKyTTi

lrryMaqa,

BepecHi

1648

II06JIII3Y

0TIIHil,

p.

06epTrrHa, ,IJ:eJIJITII-

3a60JIOTOBa BIIHIIKJIII ITO-

I CTaHChKi 6 apOM

BorHrrrrra,

BOHII

a

He3a-

II ep eTBO piiJIIICh

IIOBCTaHHJI, .[(e B3JIJIII yqacTb

11

ismu

i MirrraHrr, .IJ:pi6Ha YK-

patHCbKa

IIIJIJIXTa

IJpaBOCJiaBHe

Yci I'll M

ua

iJIJIX

36pottHi

BHC-

3aXi.JJ:HOyKpa1HchKHX y

IIpOBO.[(IIp Hapo.IJ:Hrrtt Mi M

.IJ:YXOBeHCTBO.

cTrrxittHi

1648

p.

oqoJIIOBaB

IIOBCTaJIOl

qepHi"

rronKoBo.IJ:errh

BrrcoqaH.

Horo

Ce-

apMiJI

HapoiJHuCi

no!lKoeoiJeu,b

XyiJoJ~CHUK

CeMeH

Muxau!lo

i

CeJIJIHChKO-

IIo-

Matt2Ke

pyx Ha6yB Ha Ilpii-

\

i

17

Bi.[(

cena.

Hatt6iJihiiioro

M~

Ane

IIIJIJIXeTChKIIX

JIJIHChKIItt

na

Tepe6oBJIIO,

fyrryJihiiiiiHi.

1648

rre

6yHTII

)l:HicTpa

IIOCIIJieHO yKpiiiJIJITII

K03aiJbKIIX

OXOIIIIJIO

EyKo-

CeHMIIKY

MOTIIByroqrr

rroqaJIIICJI

i3-3a

3

yHiBepca-

F.).

36pOHHIIX BIICTyiiiB y

BepecHi-2KOBTHi BCTaHHJI

rrprrxo.[(JITh

B.

rrpocyBaHHJI OKpeMIIX

Ta

rrepe.[(yciM

Po3rpOM

6y.[(e .[(iJITIICJI,

p03CIIJiaB

IIOCTaHOBOIO

rynhTJIHChKi

IlHiB

IIOXO.[(II

3

OIIOJiqeHHJI,

EyKoBIIHII

B.[(aJIOCJI.

3ri.[(HO

MiCTeqKaX

<j:>opTerri,

rrro

rrepeBa2KHO

raJIIIIIhKIIH

3araJibHe

faJIIIIJbKa IIIJIJIXTa rroqaJia tt

3Ha€,

rroBcTaHrri

Ili.[(KOMOpHIIH

CeJiaX

3

MicTa

6or

MiCTaX

.[(eJIKIIX

(To6To

BOE:BO.[(CTBOM

IIIJIJIXTII,

36IIpaTIICJI

101

3

ToM

K03aK".

ceJIJIHaM

fyrryJihiiiiiHII.

qepBHJI, ,ITO

PYChKIIM

XJIOII,

Ha .IJ:OIIOMory BIIHChKOl

IlpuKapnammR.

BucolfaH.

C/JicO!lb


102

BoJZo(}uMup

15 nrc.

HarriqyBarra .IJ:irreHi 30K

Ha

ITOJIKH

K03arrhKHX

po3rroqarrH Ty.

Fpa6oeeu,bKUU

i

qorroBiK. COTHi

BiHCbK)

cBitt

IIo-

(Ha

3pa-

ITOBCTaHrri

HacTyrr

Ha

rnrrJix-

3a .[(OITOMOrOIO K03aKiB lM

JIOCJI

3axorrHTH

KYTTi

<j:>opTerriO

pexoByBaJIOCh ITOJihChKOro

1648

B.[(a-

Hatt6irrhrny Ha I1HiB,

B

,6araTO

IIo-

JIKitt

rre-

lliJIJIXTH

BiHCbKa".

HarrpHKiHrri

p.

OITHHHJiaCJI 6iJihllia qacTHHa faJIHrrhKOl

3eMJii.

Ha

rriB.IJ:Hi

coqaHa

3aroHH

CeMeHa

ITi.[(TpHMyBaJIH

BH-

ITOBCTaHrri

3a60JIOTiBlifHHH Ha qorri 3 ITOJIKOBHHKOM KpaBrreM. )J,o HHX rrpH€.[(HaJIHCJI

ryrryJIH

OXOITHB

HapO.[(HHH

fYrrYJihlifHHY.

B

pyx aKTaX

3arrHcaHo, lifO cerrJIHH CorroBa, rro-

Hacmyn

noecmaJZux

J(eJZJlmUilU(UilU

llG

B KHJlJJC(}eopi Xy(}oJJCilUK

.IJ:Bip

y

crrarrHJIH

TeKyqi,

fa.[(OMChKHH

ceJl5tH

()eip

1648 p.

MupocJZaB

KorroMHl,

ChKHtt IOpitt

ceJZJlll

nallCbKUU

BOCellU

6rrH3Y

nanaa

3a

ITO.[(aB

na

rnrrJixeT-

a

rnrrJIXTHq CKapry Ha Jlwu,i

y

3aM(JK

;6na

Mi(U(eea

lUJlflX.

ramaJZeBUlf

Ta pa30M 3 ITOBCTaJIHMH HapO.[(HHMH MacaMH

po3rrpaBrrJirracJI

03HaKOIO

ITOBHOrO

Cepe.[( TJI.

B

yqacTh CerrJIHH

,3Bifqa€M i

i

EirrHx

ryrryrriB

3aMoK

cirr

y

-

3HHlifHJIH

Bi.[(OMOMY

ITOXO.[(i

Ha

MilifaHH i

6yrro

Jlroqa,

MilifaH i

Jlroqi

Po2KHiB,

PocJIHOl Ta iHrnHx

IIoKyT6parrH KociB. cirr

3a

CITaJIHJIH .[(Bip lliJIJIXTifqa

OcrraBax.

I1 eqeHi2KHH, CeJIJIHH

KpiM

3a.[(y6piBrriB,

ryrryrriB,

6paJIH

faHKiBrriB,

yqacTb

qOpTiBrrJI,

400 ITOBCTaHrriB HarraJIH Ha 3aMOK MarHaTa

llepepoBa.

IIoTorrhKoro

EirrHx

lifO

rraHyBaHHJI.

cerrJIH

KocMaq,

rrpeTeKCTOM K03aKiB" B

BJia.IJ:H,

)J,e6ecrraBrrJIX

Crro6o.IJ:H

:IKap.IJ:errhKoro

lli.[(ratlqHKiB

6araTo

rnrrJixeTChKHtt

OcrraB,

3a60JIOTiBChKi

CTaHicrraBa

6yrro

ypJI.IJ:OBOl

ITOJibChKO-lliJIJIXeTChKOrO

ryrryrrhChKHX

qopHHX

BarrepiaHa

Y

Ha

2KHTerri

rrpe.[(cTaBHHKaMH

3aHeiTa.[(y

rroBcTarrHx

Harra.IJ:i

3

y

lleqeHi2KHHi

ITOBHiCTIO

ttoro

3HHlifHJIH.


ImocmpoeaHa 3aiiO.IJ:iJIHi aKTi

icmopi5l 36IITKII

3aiiiiCaHO:

TeKCTOM

IlpuKapnammR. Ol(iHIOBaJIIICb

IIOBCTaHl(i

K03aKiB,

IIO.IJ:iJIIIBIIIII

Ha

30p0l

103

3

4000

B

qac

BII6paBIIIII

JIIO.IJ:ett

BOrHeiiaJibHOl

,B

ToM

3JIOTIIX.

IJpo

Mi2KKOpOJiiB'JI

yrropJI.IJ:KyBaBIIIII

Bi.IJ:.IJ:iJIII,

aTaKyBaJIII

cepe.IJ:

u;ett

IIOXi.IJ:

IIi.IJ: TIITYJIOM

i

COTHIIKiB

BeJIIIKOrO

B

rrpe-

ocayrriB,

KpiiKY

ryKy

3

3aMOK".

Ill,e 6irrhiiiiitt 3ariH rroBcTarriix i3 3a6orroToBa, TyrryKoBa,

OrreiiiKO-

Ba, Jli06KiBU:iB, )l,eMIIqa, 3a.IJ:y6piBU:iB, 3arryqqJI, CeMaKiBU:iB, IlepepoBa,

Tpittu;i,

iHIIIIIX

cirr

Ili.IJ:rattqiiKiB, Ha

qorri

Mi2KKOpOJiiB'JI JIIO.IJ:ett

i

cerrax

IIi.IJ:

MiiiiaH"

3

KocMaqa,

Hapo.IJ:HIIM

rrpeTeKCTOM

XVI

l(e cT.

Y

3.IJ:06yTTJI

MarHaTaMII

,Hatt6irrhiii u;itt

IIIJIJIXTa

HIIM:

TIIJiy.

rri.IJ:

qac

3i

3aroHaM

CB0€10

Ha

.IJ:OIIOMory

IQqii

Ha

3arreKrriitt

,3a .IJ:OIIOMOrOIO HOMY

yKpirrrreHa. 2KY€

Bi.IJ:

orrip

Y

BIIHIIKHeHHJI

K03aKiB"

1668 p.

BOCeHII

U:JI

icTopiiKiB,

p.

B

6yrra

3i6parracJI

oKpeMIIX

3aroHiB

3aJIIIIIIaBCJI Herropyiii-

3aJIIIIIIIIB IIi.IJ:

IlHiB

IIIJIJIXTa

IlHiBChKY

3

EorrexoBa,

Ha3a.IJ:.

He3Ba2Ka-

BIIcoqaH

3.IJ:06yBa€

3

rroBcTaJIIIMII

IlHiBChKIIH

<j:>opTel(JI

3aMOK

6yrra Bi.IJ:HOBJieHa

KyporraTBa .IJ:JIJI H Bi.IJ:HOBJieHHJI

.IJ:OIIOMory <j:>opTel(JI

B

y

CrroqaTKY IIIJIJIXTa o6o-

rroBepHyrra

CeMeH

Ili3Hiiiie

He

IIi.IJ:CTYIIIIB

pyiiiiirra

1648 p.

IleTpo

BIIcoqa-

IIi.IJ: CIIJIY 6yrro ttoro 3.IJ:06yTII.

rricaMII

B

IIIJIJIXTII

CTaHicrraBa Ha

rpyiiOIO

3aKJia.IJ:eHOl

1648

y.IJ:apaMII IlHiB

BIIcoqaH

rroBcTaHu;iB,

3HaqHOl IIIKO.IJ:II.

raJIIIl(bKOl

TBep.IJ:IIHeiO

IIi3HO

IIIJIJIXTII,

IlHeBi,

pyxy

KiJihKa TII2KHiB.

Itt

rrepeBary

y

3a crroBaMII

rri.IJ:

CeMeH

apMi€IO

pOHJIJiaCb,

3aB.IJ:a€

51KIIIO

IIOBCTaJIIIX He

06rrora TpiiBaJia

rro6aqiiBIIIII

JIKa,

IIa.IJ:aJIII, TO

cTpaTeroM,

<j:>opTel(IO.

arre,

,BeJIIIKOIO

Ta qac

B Pyci".

Hapo.IJ:Horo

iHIIIi <j:>opTel(i

xopoiiiiiM BiH

3aMKOM

Ha.IJ:BipHJIHIIIIIHII.

OKpeMIIM

Ey.IJ:yqii

3

,B

MarHaTiB 516JIOHOBChKIIX y

<j:>opTel(i

KyporraTBaMII,

<j:>opTeu;i 3

pa30M

3aMKII

Icrraca

KopiiTKOM

rroBcTaHu;iB, oqorriOBaHIIX CeMeHoM

ryu;yJihCbKOl

3a6e3rreqeHIIM

BIIcoqaHa BCi

Po2KHeBa,

JliOqa.

HattrorroBHiiiiiitt ycrrix HOM

K03aKiB"

3.IJ:06yB yKpirrrreHi

)l.e6ecrraBu;i

XoMqiiHa,

rrorrKOBHIIKOM

p03Mipi

1000

,3aJIIIIIIarracJI

O.IJ:ep-

3JIOTIIX.

)l.o

HattciiJihHiiiioiO

IloKyTTi".

Y 1649 p. B YMOBaX 2KOpCTOKOl IIIJIJIXeTCbKOl peaKl(il Ha IlpiiKaprraTTi

ryu;yrrii

IIIJIJIXTII. caB,

TaK,

He

KII.IJ:aJIII

36pol

a.IJ:MiHiCTpaTOp

IIIO cerrJIHII c. TIO.IJ:iB

IIpO.IJ:OB2KyBaJIII

CHJITIIHCbKOrO TpaBHJI

1649 p.

6opOTIICJI

CTapOCTBa y

IIpOTII

CKap3i

IIII-

,cepe.IJ: Hoqi Harrarrii Ha


104

BoJtoiJuMup

yrrpaBIITeJIJI B6IIJIII

Ili.[( qac rreKOIO Ma B

i

CHJITIIHChKoro

cnyry

rraHa

IIpii.IJ:YIIIeHHJI

3

ll

BIIMaraJia

,BII.[(aTII

TIIX

Mon.[(aBil IloKyTTJI

TIIMOIIIa ll(e

p.

H:

na

K03al(hKIIX

Y

CbKa

Ta

IIIJIJIXTa

IIOBCTaHl(iB

qepe3

BIIMaraJia

Y

He6e3IIeKOIO p.

raJIIIl(bKa rOCIIO.[(apJI"

aKTIIBi3yBaJIO

2K

BII.[(iJIIITII

rri.IJ:

BiHChK

IIIJIJIXeTChKi

CBaBOJIJI, KOJIII

p.

B

Ha

nyKOBIIHY

Bi.[(

faJIIIl(bKOl qac

HaiiiiiX

3aKOJIOTy"

KOIIITII

3BIIK-

KpaJIX,

He6e3IIeKOIO

CIIel(iaJihHi

HIIX.

IIOKYTChKIIMII

IIOCJIII

rOJIOBII

TaKOIO

ceJIJIH

rrpoBO.IJ:OM

TerrepiiiiHiH:

OC06JIIIBO TaM

3

,B

B

KOp.[(OHi

BIICTYIIII

6yKOBIIHChKIIMII

p.

Ha

piiiiyqi .IJ:il rrpoTII

1653

B

IIocrroJIIITo1:

3B'JI3KY

ll(O

o6'e.[(HaHi

6iJihiii

aHTII-

rrorpaHifqqi.

CeHM,

BII3BOJibHIIX

Mi2K

1653

30Kpe-

30Cepe.[(2KyBaJIIICb

1649

B

IIOBi.[(OMJIJIJia

IIOXO.[(II

Peqi

F.).

i

,MOJI.[(aBCbKOrO

Mon.[(aBiJO

3B'JI30K

ceH:My

B.

y

rrepe.[( He6e3-

IIIJIJIXTi

qoMy y

p.

6yHTiBHIIKiB".

raJIIIl(bKIIX

BiilchK

rrorpaHifqqi,

IIOBCTaHHJI.-

IIOCJiiB

HecrroKiH:Ho

IIOIIIIIp!OBaTIICJI

MOJI.[(aBCbKOMY

MaH:Ho

IIOBCTaHl(i,

nyKOBIIHY

0Cb

IIIJIJIXTa

6epe3Hi

.IJ:OIIOBi.[(aJIII

Ha

rrpociiJia YPJI.IJ: rrpo

3Mil(HIIJIII

1648

IIOKYTChKi

IIOKYTChK0-6yKOBIIHChKOMY

XMeJibHIIl(bKOrO

BCIO.[(II

KII

Ha

raJIIIl(bKa

IIOBCTaHl(JIMII. 3eMni

CBOlX

nyKOBIIHY

Mon.[(aBil i

6iJihiiie

3axorriiJIII

rrorpo2KyBaJIO

IIOKYTChKIIX

Yropll(IIHII

H:

BcTyrr

qepe3

6opOTh6y

16 52

ciqHi

Ha

ll(O

3aBopyiiieHb.

CeJIJIH,

Ilpii6yTTJI <j:>eo.[(aJibHY

KyTax,

IIOBCTaHHJI

IIIJIJIXTII

TiKaJIII

qacTIIHi,

CeJIJIHChKIIX

IIIJIJIXTa

raJIIIl(hKOro

eKCIIe.[(IIl(iH

fyl(yJihll(IIHII,

ryl(yJihChKiH

HOBIIX

B

CiJihHil(hKoro".

KapaJibHIIX

BIIXi.[(l(i

cTapocTBa

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

Ha

(KepiBHII-

IIpiiKaprraT-

,.[(JIJI

.[(OMaiiiHbOl

o6opOHII". 3ocepe.[(2KeHHJI IIOBCTaJIIIX

3

Ha

EyKoBIIHi

faJIIfqlfHII

i

<j:>eo.[(aJiaMII

Ha

Bel(bKOMY

XoTIIHCbKOMY

ll(a

Ha

i

qoni

IIOBCTaHHJI JieHHJI. B

Ti

XO.[(IIB

3

IloKyTTi,

CIIpiiJIJIO

BaTa2KKOM

1654

p.

y

IIOBiTaX

ITO

XoTIIHCbKOMY

BoeBo.[(a

CTerraH

JIJO.IJ:hMII,

JIKi

p03CiJIJIII".

a

CaMe i

rrocnaB

po3rpoMIIJIII

rpi3HOrO Ha

MIIpoH

)l:IITIIHKa,

qepHiBel(bKOMY CTOJihHIIKa H:oro

MaJIII

pp.

3HaqHo1

B2Ke

.[(OCBi.[(

2KaJih,

rrpo

JIKIIH

3

B.

u:e

y

i

6e3

qepHi-

F.)

i

Bcix

BOrHII-

IIOBi.[(OM-

,Ili.IJ:HJIBCJI rrepeiiiKO.[(II

yrrpaBJIJIB

6araTbMa

3

6yKoBIIHChKe

3a3Haqae: JIBHO

IIOBiTaX

-

p.

HeBeJIIfqKe

KocTiH

EyqoKa

()l:IITIIHKY

1654

y

KiJihKOCTi

6opOTb6II

aHTII<j:>eo.[(aJibHOrO

3HaXO.[(IIMO TiJihKII

Mon.[(aBChKIIH niTorriiceu;h po36iHHIIK,

JIKi

BIIHIIKHeHHIO

)l:IITIIHKOJO.

.[(2KepeJiaX

qacii

1649-1654

B

nyKOBIIHII,

CeJiaMII.

cny2KIIJIIIMII H:oro JIJO.[(eil


ImocmpoeaHa 3

icmopi51

l(hOrO

JieHHJI

<j:>parMeHTapHoro,

6aqiiMO,

2KOK

IlpuKapnammR.

II(O

}J:IITIIHKa

opraHi3yBaB

aJie -

BeJIIIKe

ToM

105

3

Ba2KJIIIBOrO

JiiTOIIIICHOrO

6yKOBIIHChKIIH

IIOBCTaHHJI,

B

a6o

IIOBi.I(OM-

raJIIIl(bKIIH

JIKOMY

6paJIII

BaTa-

yqacTb

ryn:ynii. J!K B

B

ycix

rrepiO.I(

6pana Mo,

.IJ:pi6Ha

II(O

BIIcoqaHa

Jlecb

Bi.IJ:cTyrraB rronKy

, qepe3

i3

1648

Ba2KKi

pi3bKOrO

rrpi3BIIII(

po.IJ:II

aKTIIBHY

1650

lXHi

Ma€TKII

.1\YIIIYBaB

p.

6oJipii HapO.I( p0Th6y.

y

IIpOTII

Eepe3oBa

HaMaraJOTbCJI Bi.I(CTOIO€

CBOl

BIIHIIKa€

BiHHa.

25

y ll,e

rrepe.IJ:

IIIJIJIXTa,

IIOHeBOJIIITII rrpaBa,

KpaJIX .l(e

He

3

BIIcoqaHoM

pe€CTpi

1649

BiH,

M02Kyqlf

p.,

3aiiO-

3YCTpiHeMO

Epan:naBChKOMY,

Eino-

CBi.l(qlfTb

II(O

rrpo Te,

H

Bi.IJ:CTYIIIIJIII

Ha YKpai"Hy,

.l(e

rroJihChKOJO

IIIJIJIXTOJO.

3a

KOpOJiiBChKIIH

pO.I(IIH

ypJI.I(

nepe30BChKIIX O.I(HOMY

1649-1650

HacTyrroM

CeJIJIHII

6opoBcJI

EoryHa.

3

0 CTpOBCbKOMY, B

repoi"qHo

p.

IIOBCTaHHi

K03aqqifHy"

IJOJibCbKa

1648

IIIJIJIXTII

Bi.I(OMOMY

-

IIOJIKaX.

MaHHO

facrropy

Y

fyn:ynhll(II-

IIITa6y".

IBaHa

TIIX

3 6 0 pOBIIM

6oponiicJI

HapO.I(HOMY

Bi.IJ:cTyrraJOqii

TaK

IIi.!(

B

Bi.IJ:oqepHi"

HacTyrroM

Ilo.l(iJIJIJI",

IIIJIJIXTII.

BoceHII

3aXi.I(HOyKpalHChKi

BII3BOJibHa

3

Ha

.l(e

BiHHII

qac

Eepe3iB.

3

i

yqacTb

IIOBCTaJIOl

,IIIe<j:>

rrepe.IJ:

TaK

aKTIIBHY

IIIJIJIXTIIq

i

YKpai"Hy,

TOll

Eepe3oBa

KOH<j:>icKyBaB KaTy

fyl(yJihll(IIHII.

Ha

CKJia.l(eHOMY

,raJIIIl(hKY

0T2Ke,

peBOJI!Ol(il 3

Ha

BII3BOJihHOl

IJ epeJICJiaBCbKOMY

yqacTb

yKpai"HChKIIH a.I('JOTaHT"

faJIIfqiiHi,

cena

,IIpOBO.I(IIpli

Eepe30BChKIIH

repoJI

XMeJihHIIU:hKoro

THJI

6yB

y

pp.,

ryn:ynhChKoro

BIIcoqaHoM

Eepe30BChKIIX

rronKax

rHiTy,

Jlecb

Eepe30BChKIIX

n:epKiBChKOMY, iHIIIi

p.

6opOTIICJI

K03al(TBa,

3

,rOJIOBHIIH

Bi.IJ:iHIIIOB

IIpO.I(OB2KyBaB

B

rroMiqHIIKOM

CeMeHoM

pi3Hi

IIIJIJIXTa

pyxax

1648-1654

BiHHII

HaHBII.I(aTHiiiioro

rrpocnaBJieHoro

yTpiiMaTIICJI,

pli.IJ:

y

nepe30BChKIIH,

HarrpiiKiHn:i

B

HapO.I(HO-BII3BOJibHIIX

yKpai"HChKa

HaiipiiKJia.l(,

CeMeHa HII

IIOIIepe.I(HiX

HapO.I(HO-BII3BOJibHOl

i3

i

TIIX,

4

2KOB-

rrepe.l(aB XTO

IIpii-

pp.

<j:>eo.l(aJihHO-KpirrocrriiU:hKoro

OCBOJOBaJIII yropChKi

ripChKi

<j:>eo.l(aJIII

CB060.I(OJIJ06IIBIIX

rri.IJ:HiMaJOqiich

Ha

Ta

TepiiTOpil MOJI.I(aBChKi

ryn:yniB.

0.1(HaK

aHTII<j:>eo.l(aJihHY

ceJIJIHChKo-orrpiiiiiKiBchKIIH

pyx

Ta

6o-

HapO.I(HO-


Po3,n:iJI IV

rYUYJibiUMHA B IIEPIO,U HOBOrO qACY ()1.pyra noJioBuua XVII

cepe)J,uua XVIII cT.)

1. <Deo,lJ,aJihHa sepxisKa ,n:pyriH: rronoBIIHi XVII IIaHyBaJIII JIKiii XVII cT.

cepe,n:IIHi XVI II cT. Ha fyu;ynhll(IIHi

<j:Jeo,n:aJihHi

BIIp06HIIqi

CKJiaJIIICJI

rrpoTJiroM

BOHII

Bi)J;HOCIIHII XVI

y Till

rrepiiio1

<j:JopMi,

B

rronoBIIHII

OcHoBy eKoHoMiKII, rrpoBi,n:Hy rany3h cycrriJihHoro BIIpo6HIIU:-

TBa TYT CTaHOBIIJIO TBapiiHHIIl(TBO.

fyu;yJihCbKe

<j:Jeo,n:aJibHe

CeJIO

6yno

OCHOBHOIO C <j:J e p 010 <j:Jeo,n:aJibHOrO IIaHyBaHHJI i KpiiiOCHIIl(bKOl eKCIIJiyaTal(il ceJIJIH. Bono,n:iHHJI 3eMJieJO -

ronoBHIIM

3aco6oM

BIIpo6HIIU:TBa -

BII3Ha-

qifJIO Bi)J;HOCIIHII BCiX COl(iaJibHIIX rpyrr cycrriJihCTBa, JIKi 3BO)J;IIJIIICJI ,!1;0 eKCIIJiyaTal(il BJiaCHIIKaMII 3HaqHi IIpOCTOpii y

pyKaX

BeJIIIKIIX

3eMJii

CeJIJIH-ryu;yniB.

fyu;yJihll(IIHII 30Cepe,n:2KyBaJIIICJI rOJIOBHIIM qifHOM 3eMJieBJiaCHIIKiB,

MarHaTiB,

cepe,!l;HbOl

,n:pi6HOl

IIIJIJIXTII. H aH:6inhiiiiiMII M arHa TaM II- 3eMJieBnacHIIKaMII fyu;ynhll(IIHII 6ynii 516noHOBChKi, B 3JITII 70-x

xoq poKax

q YPIIJiiB

!J:O

TepiiTopiJI

KyporraTBII,

6II

ce pu;eBIIHY

Ma€TKII

KociBChKOl

BeJIIIKOl

BonocTi

6araTo1

Ha,n:

mo cKna,n:anacJI 3 M.

IloTOU:hKi, faJIIIU:hKOl

piKaMII

qypiiJIII,

)l),n:yiiiiiU:hKi

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

BonocTi

-

rrepeiiiiiJIII

po,n:IIHII

Bi,n:

)]i,n:yiiiiiU:hKIIx:

PII6HIIU:eJO

KocoBa, rrepe,n:MicTJI

qopHIIM

Ta

KociBII(IIHY.

iH. B

MarHaTiB

y

1692

p.

qepeMoiiieM,

MocKaniBKa i cin

CTapiiH:

KociB, Po2KHiB, HoBocinKa, XoMqiiH, )Ka6'e, KpiiBopiBHJI i CoKoniBKa,

rrepeiiiiina

y

BJiacHiCTh

qacTIIHa TepiiTopi1 Ea6IIH,

51BopiB,

cena

PiqKa

<l>paHu;iiiieKa

Bep6oBel(h, y

BJiacHiCTh

)]i,n:yiiiiiU:hKoro,

CMo,n:He, MarHaTa

a

qepeHiBKa, CTaHicnaBa

,n:pyra fopo,n:, )]i,n:y-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

107

3

IIIIIl(bKOrO. lJ,eH: 6araTIIH MarHaTChKIIH pi.[( BOnO.[(iB KociBIIIIIHOIO IIpOXVIII-XIX

TJirOM

IIInJIXTy.

IHIIIIIH

cT. KYTOK

eKcrrnyaTyBaB

ryu;yniB

fyu;ynhll(IIHII,

6araTIIH

nicii, -

J!6nyHiBChKIIH

KnJOq, OIIOpHIIH

30-40-x

poKiB

cT.,

XVIII

MarHaTChKOMY HiB,

cena

po.[(y

B

CTorrqaTiB,

Icrrac,

cT.

CJO.IJ:II

KocMaq,

Ha

CBOJO

cepe.[(HJO

IIpiipO.[(Hi

Ha.[(pa,

l(eHTp OIIpiiiiiKiBCbKOrO pyxy

XVII-XVII1

5!6noHOBChKIIX.

qepe3

Hane2KaB

BXO.IJ:IInii

CBipcbKa

6araToMy

MicTeqKo 5!6ny-

EaHJI,

AKpeiiiopii,

H arrpiiKiHu;i XVII cT. 5I 6nyHiB ChKIIM KnJO q eM Bono.[(iB crroqaT-

JI 10 q a.

KY pyChKIIH BO€BO.[(a,

BeniiKIIH KOpOHHIIH

reTbMaH

CTaHicnaB J!6no-

HOBChKIIH, IIOTiM l(eH Ma€TOK rrepeHIIIOB .[(0 pyK xopyH2KOrO KOpOHHOro 5!6noHOBChKoro, rricnJI JIKoro MaETKaMII yrrpaBnJina H:oro .IJ:PY2KIIHa KOpOHHa Teo<j:>iniJI J!6nOHOBCbKa.

KHJI2KHa

,IJ:enJITIIHChKIIH i JlaHqiiHChKIIH Ma€TKII B XVII-XVIII cT. Hane2Kanii 6araTiH: IIInJixeTChKiH: pO.IJ:IIHi Een3el(hKIIX, JIKi Manii TYT <j:>inhBapqifcneHHi .[(BOpii.

KII,

CBOlM 6araTCTBOM lM He

IIOCTyrranacb MarHaT-

CbKa pO.IJ:IIHa KyporraTBiB Ha Ha.IJ:BipHJIHII(IIHi. IleqeHi2KIIHChKIIH KnJOq, KY.IJ:II

BXO.IJ:IInii

cena

IleqeHi2KIIH,

Mono.[(JITIIH,

MapKiBKa,

PyHrypii,

Cno6o.[(a (3onoTIIH IloTiK), B cepe.IJ:IIHi XVIII cT. Hane2Kanii 6araToMY

IIInJIXeTChKOMY

po.[(y TIIIIIKOBChKIIX.

3HaqHifll BIIniiB cepe.[(HJI

Ha eKOHOMiqHe 2KIITTJI B

IIInJixTa.

.[(2Kepenax

BORa

fyu;ynhCbKOrO

3ra.[(y£ThCJI

JIK

Kpa!O

Mana

,IIInJixTa, .[(o6pe

ocina", a6o ,.IJ:o6pe 3aceneHa IIInJixTa", To6To TaKa, mo Mana BeniiKY 3eMenhHY

BnacHiCTb

6araTO

cenJIH.

ny.[(yJOqlf

CBOIO

eKOHOMiqHy

Mil(h Ha eKCIInyaTal(il 3ane2KHOrO cenJIHCTBa, cepe.[(HJI IIInJIXTa BIICTyrrana ronoBHOJO ciinoJO y rrpii.IJ:YIIIeHHi cenJIHChKo-orrpiiiiiKiBChKIIX pyxiB, oqonJOBana

KapanhHi

l(IIX OIIOpHIIX rraTTi

-

TaK,

Micu;eBIIH y

1715

p.

IIInJixeTChKi

Baciinh

,IJ:oB6yiiia

ConeBapHi

3 y6,

(1738-1745)

MiCT fyu;ynhll(IIHII 3

rpOIIIOBOrO .[(OXO.[(y:

poKy

B

piK

<j:>opTel(h

3aMKiB -

faniil(bKOMY

3aM02KHIIX

IlpiiKap-

IIInJIXTIIqiB.

3aroHII oqonJOBaB KOMeH.[(aHT y

1733

IIInJIXTIIqi,

p.

JIKi

-

CTaHi-

poTMicTpii

eKcrrnya TyBanii

3aroHaMII cMonJIKiB y 6opoTn6i 3 Ta

Ea10paKa

KOMeH.[(aHT CTaHicnaBChKOl <j:>opTeu;i

qaCTIIHa cin i MII.

Ha

3anecbKIIH,

30-40-x poKax XVIII cT.

orrpiiiiiKaMII BaB

KpiiiiiTo<j:>

CipoMChKIIH

cenJIH. Y

KoMeH.[(aHTaMII

YPJI.IJ: rrpii3HaqaB niiiiie

cnaBChKOl <j:>opTeu;i AHTOH

3aroHII.

IIYHKTiB IIInJIXeTCbKOl Bna.[(II

IIInJIXTIIq

(1745-1754)

Kepy-

IIIIIenychKIIH.

6ynii KOponiBChKIIMII BOnO.[(iHHJI-

rrpiiHOCIInii

faniil(bKa 3eMnJI,

<j:>eo.[(anaM

3HaqHi

30KpeMa TepiiTOpiJI

cyMII

fyu;ynhll(II-


108

BoJtoiJuMup HII,

,[(aBaJia

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

35.300

II(OpiqHo

cTapocTBO

CHJITIIHChKe

MaETHiCTh

KyTII

KoponiBChKi 6aHHi

10.000

coneBapHi,

cena, JIIIIIIe

,[(aBaJIII

II(OpOKY

3JIOTIIX,

30.000,

3

3JIOTIIX.

TaK

3BaHi

faJIIIU:hKOl

3eMni

25.000

IIpii6yTOK

a

3JIO-

TIIX. cepe):(HJI

MarHaTII CBOlX HIIX

yrrpaBIITeJiiB

ry6epHaTopiB,

Ma€TKiB,

Ha

,[(OXO,[(II.

TaKIIX

ChKi

cena

Eepe3iB

IJoJtbebKa

UJ!lflxma

B

XVII em.

)J,Y,

a

JI 0 C Tb), CTorrqaTiB,

1.820

HOBIIJIII CiM

6yna

CBOl

,[(JIJI

IJpoTe

TaK,

MarHaTiB

Mi2K

opeH):(y: 2KIIH, ,3

1726

p.

Y

B

lX

po6oTaMII,

qoTIIpiipiqHy

,[(OrOBOpi

BJiaCHIIK

3

9

3aCTepiraB,

IIOBIIHHiCTb ,[(0 2KO,[(HIIX TJirapiB

i

IIIJIJIXTa, Ma€TKOM

IIpii6yTKOBOIO.

9

KY!J:II

ciqHJI

po-

IloTiK

rpyHTaMII,

IIOBIIHHOCTeH

1722

opeH):(ap He

p.

):(pyrop.

Ha

IJeqeHi-

(Cno6o):(a), Ca,[(aMII,

IIiiiiiiMII

,[(aHIIHaMII,

ciqHJI

O):(Horo 3

1722

BXO,[(IIJIII

CiH02Ka TJIMII,

II(06

3

rpo):(ChKIIM,

3onoTIIH

qifHIIIaMII,

opeH):(y

cTaqepe3

eKOHOMiqHoro

TIIIIIKOBChKIIM,

KJIJOqa,

IIOJIJIMII,

piK

KJIJOqa

CeJIJIH-ryu;yniB.

IIpiiHaJie2KHOCTJIMII,

qe peHaMII, JiyKaMII,

BO-

3JIOTIIX.

3pyqHOIO

KOHTpaKT

PyHrypii,

,[(OXO-

J! 6JiyHiB,

Ha

yrrpaBJiiHHJI

faJIIIU:hKIIM

6yB YKJia,[(eHIIH

MapKiBKa,

):(06paMII,

C.

cepe):(HJI

IIOBHOrO

Hocii<j:>oM

rriicapeM

TaK

<j:>opMa

rrayrrepii3al(il

IJeqeHi2KIIHCbKOrO

IIi):():(aHIIMII,

rrepe):(aBaBCJI

TaKa

IIIJIJIXTII

Ma€TKY -

3JIOTIIX

EaHJI,

27.580

CKJia,[(aJIII MarHaTII,

EaHJI-

rrpiiHOCIIJIII

(J!6JiyHiBCbKa

J!6JiyHiBCbKOrO

IIpii3BO,[(IIJia ,[(0

MaCOBOl

EeHoe

Mono,[(JITIIH, TIIMII

JIK

ryu;yJih-

BII2KHiH:,

BXO,[(IIJIII

CBipcbKa

TaKII

II(OpOKY

cepe):(HbOl

3 ,[(OrOBOpOM,

JieBapHJIMII, JIIIMII

i

2K

opeH):(y.

BJiaCHIIKOM

Ma€TOK

BCiMa

B

CIICTeMa

IlaBJIOM

3ri,[(HO

l(hOrO

,[(OXO,[(II

Ma€TKII

Ma€TKY

i

3

KY!J:II

AKpeiiiopii,

fyu;ynhll(IIHII,

opeH,[(Ha

30peHHJI

6oKy,

3JIOTIIX.

<j:>eo):(aJIII

3,[(aBaJIII

KocMaq,

(1745)

poKiB

Yci

ro,

Icrrac,

p.

IloTiK

IIaHa

IIpii-

rro6aqiiTII

1708

1.100

Ma€TKY

3Ba-

3

II(OpOKY He3qlfc-

Y

qopHIIH

,[(OXO,[(II

TaK

M02KHa

Eepe3iB

i

BJiaCHIIKY

XVII em.

PueyHoK

ll,e

<j:>aKTaX.

qepe3

):(ep2KaBl(iB,

BaTHIIX Ma€TKiB MaJIII JieHHi

IIIJIJIXTa

i

COTJir-

IIOB03aMII", ,[(0

9

ciqHJI

,IIi):():(aHIIX

IIOTJiraB",

Ha,[(

60 JIKII(O


ImocmpoeaHa 6

icmopi5l

CeJIJIHIIH

3

opeH.[(apJI. iHIIIi

uj€1 IIpiiqlfHII

KpiM

YMOBII

TaK

caMo

cKrrarra CBiH

Ta

Taro,

KHJI2KHa

B

2KaTJIMII,

neHOe

oKpeMi 3a

cerra,

qQTIIpii

rre p e.[(

KJIIOqi

,3

Ha Bci

BCiMa

TIIMII

i

IlaBrry

B

He

cpi6HiH

II

Ha

IIpii-

IIOJIJIMII,

CiH0-

HaMaraBCJI IIpii

JIKe

(6aHJIMII)

20.000

3BIIqaH:Ho 3

B

MJIII-

3 lX BCiX

3a

opeH.IJ:Y

3JIOTIIX.

qacTO

Ma€TKII,

MarHaTaMII

BIITJirTII

IIi.[(.[(aHIIMII,

piKaMII,

3aJIIIIIIaiOqlf

MOHeTi

iHIIIi

p.

EeHoe

.[(06paMII,

IIiiiiiiMII

COJieBapHJIMII

co6i

1741

6epe3HJI

<j:>iJihBapKaMII,

rrepe.[(aBaJIIICh

CIIIIHJIIQqlfCb

31

IIIJIJIXTIIqy

TJirJIIIMII

,rocrro.[(apiOBaHHJI",

p.,

Arre

u;yrrhChKIIX

.IJ:OroBopiB

opeH.[(apiB,

IIpiiKJia.[(i

1722

qa

6

BIICJIOBJIIOBarrii

He

JIIIIIIe

opeH.IJ:Y IIIJIJIXTi.

TpiiBarro

Ma€TKY

TPII

a6o

JIKHaH:6iJihiiie

l(bOMY

qifM.

3acTepirarrii

yMoB.

Hill(O

YKJia.[(aJIIICJI

yKrra.[(aHHi

Ha

BIITpaTII IIa.[(aJIII

pi3HIIMII .[(eCJITIIHaMII,

opeH.[(apJIMII,

opeH.[(ap

He

rricaMII,

CIIJiaTIITII

ujrri

pOKII,

Ilpii

JIII

a

cBoro

IIpii6yTKiB, Hi

MaB

rroceciiO

KJIIOqi

IIOB03aMII,

.[(aHIIHaMII,

.[(OrOBOpii

qac

B

.[(BOpaMII,

(ropo.[(aMII,

porOBII(IIHOIO,

Ilo.[(i6Hi

TO

BrracHIIKII

516rroHOBChKa

rrepe.[(aqy

CTOp02KeiO,

IIOBIIHHOCTJIMII, IlaBJIO

Teo<j:>irriJI

Ha

6y.[(IIHKaMII,

CiHaMII

HapJIMII,

Ma€TOK,

.IJ:OroBopax

516rryHiBChKOMY

HaJie2KHOCTJIMII,

.[(BipCbKOIO

3aJIIIIIIIIB

B

109

3

IIOIIepe.[(2KeHHJI.

KOHTpaKT

Ma€TOK

ToM

IlpuKapnammR.

JIK

BrracHIIKII

u:e

MII

6aqii-

IJeqeHi2KIIHChKOrO

II(06

BOHII

.[(O.[(ep2KyBaJIIICJI

opeH.[(api,

JIK

cerrax

3BepTarrii

He

KJIIO-

rrpaBIIrro,

ry-

y

yBarii

Ha

IIOBO.[(IIJIII

ce6e

B

BIIri.[(HO. cerrJIH

Y

Ma€TKax

Ha

B

opeH.IJ:Y

3

9.600

Ma€TKII

TaK,

y

516rroHOBChKa

6araTIIMII JIKIIMII

cT.

rrepeBa2KHO

BapJIM-€BpeJIM. Teo<j:>irriJI Ma

€BpeJIMII

BORa

3JIOTIIX

3.[(aJia

IIIIIHKII

CBipChKiH

1740

p.

JIK

1M

6yrro

opeH.[(apiB.

XYII-XYIII

JIIICJI

TaK,

IJpo l(e CBi.[(qaTb qifcJieHHi CKaprii

rrepe.[(aBa-

6araTIIM

1738

p.

cKrrarra

KHJI2KHa 3

.[(OrOBOpii, lM

B

rr'JITh3ri.[(HO

opeH.IJ:Y

correBapHi EaHi.

JIIIX-

27

B

3a 516-

JIIOToro

B 516rryHeBi IIIJIJIXTifq JliCOBChKIIH

0 peH()ap J(aeu() Jleu6oeulf. MallJOHOK

KaHu,ell5lpucma, p,


110

BoJtoiJuMup

CKJiaB 6yno

3

qoTIIpMa

rrepe):(aHO

JIIIXBapJIMII

,KOpMII

.):(o6poBiJihHo"

Ha

i

opeH,[(HIIH

COJieBapHi

13.500

cyMy

3

,[(OrOBip,

IIiJioro

3JIOTIIX,

JIKa

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

3ri,[(HO

3

JIKIIM

J!6nyHiBCbKOrO

mopiqHo

Mana

lM

KJIIOqa

crrnaqyBa-

TIICJI. Ilo):(i6Hi

,[(OrOBOpii

3

6araTIIMII

5!6nyHiBIIIIIHII

KHJI2KHa Teo<PiniJI

qi

1741

CKJiaJIII

15.000

B

3JIOTIIX.

p.

HOBChKa

):(iCTaJia

qifcToro

!J:OXO):(y.

opeH,[(II

Earaqi-opeH):(api

qfiHIIJIII

ITOCTiHHO

OCeJib.

Ha

CKaprii

maHHJI

Ha):(

HIIMII

Ha

KpiiB,[(II:

3eMHIIX IOTh ...

i

)KopCTOKiCTb BIICTb

y

y6ori

Ha

IIiJii

niirne

MaETKiB 3a

IfeH

Ha

Jliirne 3

1753

KociBCbKOl MarHaTII,

yrrpaBJiiHHJIM pii,

BOJIO):(iHHJIMII cT.

KOMicapa

JIKi

,[(0

ryiiynaMII, 3

pi):(HIIX

rpoMa):(a

( cyrrniKy) B

!J:O

3HY-

IIinoro

BJiaCHIIIfi

opeH!J:Y

ITJiaqeM

Hac He

3JIOTIIX

HeHMOBipHi

y6ora

3):(aB

Ha 5!6no-

30.000

TiKaTII

):(ep2KaBifJI

XJii6a

qoMy

p.

3eMni

cyMa

TaK02K

MaeToK

BIIKJia,[(aJIII

3aTJirHyB pernTa

qy2K0-

po3raHJI-

Ma€MO".

CeJIJIH

OITpiilliKII

BIIKJIIIKaJia ITOBCTaJii

opeH!J:Y JIIIXBapJIM Bi):(

HIIX

54

HeHaCeJIJIHII

ll,e ):(.,

y

ITOHa,[(

IloTOifhKoro

CTaHicnaB rraHa

II OCII<!Ja

MarHaTII

Ha

10

51.254

3

rniipoKi

3i

cBo1x

3JIOTIIX.

)])!J:YlliiiifhKIIX

He

B

3aH:MaJIIICJI

HIIMII

KOMica-

rrpaBa.

yrrpaBJIJIB

TIITynoM

IlOTOifbKOrO.

IlOTOifb-

3JIOTIIX.

rrpii3HaqeHi

IloKyTTi

cin, TaK,

5!6noHOBChKi MJIH.

MarHaTiB

Ha):(aBaJIIICJI

KrniiBOKYJihChKIIH

KiJihKa

o):(ep2KaB

6e3rrocepe):(HhO

3):(iHCHIOBaJIII JIKIIM

cT.

6JIII3bKO

Ma€TKaX

rnnJixTa

rro

rrpii6yTKII.

reTbMaH II OCII<!J

3JIOTIIX.

opeH,[(aX

,[(OXO):(iB

CTaHOBIIJia

T.

IIocii<Pa

MJIH.

Ha

3HaqHi

XVIII

rronoBIIHII

cepe):(HJI

Ma€TKaMII.

Ma€TKiB

B

):(iCTaBaJIII

3apo6IIJIII

BOJIOCTi a

ry6epHaTopii

XVIII

KYCKa

Cb

rreprno1

faJIIIIfhKiH: rrepiO):(

B

opeH):(apiB,

p.

y6oriiMII

rrpo

KpOBaBIIM

3eMJieBJiaCHIIK KOpOHHIIH

rrpoTJiroM

2Ke

p.

rraH

1742

BnacHIIIfJI

6yJIII

CKa pry

€BpelB-JIIIXBapiB

0

Ha):(

JIKIIH

,3

rrepe):(aroqii

KJIIOqi,

BeJIIIKIIH MarHaT i KIIH

3a

JIIO,[(II,

MaC.

rnnJixTa,

H

EeHoe,

B

Ma€TKaX

CBi):(qaTb

1742

a

Ma€TKiB lliJIJIXTII-

HIIX.

MarHaTII iHO):(i

Y

rri):(pyqHi

poKII

3MyrneHi

MIIJIOCTIIBIIH

6araTIIX

HapO):(HIIX

HaiTa,[(aJIII

i

ITIICbMOBY

IlaBna

rroca):(IIB

Terrep

TPII

BJiaCHIIIfJI

11

i

3JIOTIIX,

3a

CeJIJIH

ITO,[(aJia

lX

CaMa

HaCIIJihCTBa

Ili):():(aHi-ryiiyJIII

, Terrep

eBpelB MII

pi3Hi

opeH):(apiB.

ypJI!J:OBifJI

i

J!6nyHiBChKIIX

CKap2KIIJIIICb

KJIIO q a

€BpeJIM-JIIIXBapJIM. CBOl

B

JIIIlli e

ITOKpiiB,[(2KeHIIX

J! 6nyHiBCbKOrO Ma€TKY

HIIX

16000

CYMY

qfiHOM,

3

JIKi

a

Ha

TaKIIM

€BpeJIMII

5!6noHOBChKa,

y

TaK,

cepe):(IIHi

reHepanhHoro

Ma€TKaX

IJeqeHi-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

2KIIHChKoro rrpaBIIB CbKIIX MaB

KJIIO'Ia

KOMicap y

BiH

He

yrrpaBJIJIB,

KOpOHHIIH

l(IO

3

yrrpaBJiiHHJI

IIOMi'IHIIKiB

ryMeHHoro,

IIOJibOBOrO

JliCOBChKIIH

CKiJihKII

IIOTpiHHIIH

BII.[(iJIJIJIIICJI yci Y

Ha

cepe.[(

JIKa

BORa

BIIM

1x

3a<j:>iKCOBaHO

cT.

a6o,

HJI".

Eepe3oBi

JIK lX

IIIJIJIXTII

IlopJI.IJ:

rrepiO.[(

neHOe

3.IJ:iilcHIOBanocJI He

BpaXOByBaTII

CTiJihKII

ce6e

3

3

Ta

ry6ep-

yrrpaBJIJIJIII

BeJIII'Ie3Hi

IIpii6yTTeprrinii

ryn:ynii

3ra.[(y€TbCJI Bi.[(

TaK,

6yno

y

pO.[(IIH H

CiMeH

6yno

y

rronoBIIHi 3Ha'IHi

IIOCTYIIOBO

25

,6aHel(bKOl

a

B

13

p03.[(pi6HIO-

qepe3

rro.[(aTKO13

poKiB T06TO

BipOCIIOBi.[(yBaH-

po.IJ:IIH

yKpai"HChKOl CKyJihChKi.

HII2KHhOMY iHBeHTapi IJ,iKaBO,

IIIJIJIXTII",

l(JI

XVII

3MiHII.

3a

MaTKOBII'Ii,

Eepe3oBi

.[(pi6HOl

,yp0.[(2KeHIIX",

39

BipoiCIIOBi.[(aHHJI".

IIOXO.[(IITh

6araTO

rpel(bKOrO

BIICTyiia€

Oco6JIIIBO BIIJIBJIJIJIII-

ToroqacHIIX .[(2Kepe-

HII2KHhOMY,

rrpo2KIIBano

JIKa

B

IIIJIJIXTII'IiB,

Yp6aHChKi,

BOHII

rocrro.[(apcTBa.

.IJ:pyriH:

JIKIIX

Bi.IJ:3Ha-

eHepri!O

BIIpa3HO

cTaJIIICJI

,IIIJIJIXTa

IIIJIJIXTOIO

IIIJIJIXTY,

Y

Eepe3oBi

cepe.[(

CBOIO

HaceneHHJI.

fyl(yJihll(IIHi

.[(eB'JITb

rrpi3BIIII(aMII

qoro

Bc10

Ma€TKaX

rrpoiiiapKy

Ha3IIBa!OTh,

12

'IIIlX

IIIJIJIXeTChKIIX

,IIIJIJIXTa piiMCbKOrO

rrocecopii-opeH.[(api

KpirrocHoro B

Ha

Cepe.IJ:HhOMY

yKpai"HChKOIO

naHi-Eepe30Bi,

Ta

3eMJieBoJio.[(iHHJI.

U:hOMY

p.,

IIOJibChKY .[(pi6Hy

Ha3BOIO

CiJihpi3HIIX

IlaBJia

KOMicapii

He

rraHII(IIHHoro

rOCIIO.[(apCTBa,

IIIJIJIXTII,

€MO

TaKi

.[(JIJI

,po3pO.IJ:2KeHo!O". y

1660

62

eKOHOMII

rrepiO.[(

KiJihKOCTi

pe€CTpOM

.IJ:pi6Ho1

(JIKII(O

KOHTpOJIIOBaB

IIOCeCOpii,

3eMJieBoJio.[(iHHJI.

Y

B OHII

.[(OIIOMOrOIO

Ma€TKOM

3a2KepJIIIBiCTIO.

HeBeJIIIKi

Ha3IIBanacb

XVIII

i

cyrrepe'IHOCTi

Mana

36iJihiiieHHJIM €TbCJI

JIKIIH

fyl(yJihll(II-

IIpiiCJI2KHIIX,

JIIICTyBaHHJI

TOII(O).

3.[(06yTII

eKcrrnyaTan:iiD HIIX

.[(OCJii.[(2KyBaHIIH

cepe.IJ:IIHi

3

OTaMaHiB,

KOMicapOM

He

yrrpaBIITeni,

con:iaJihHi

IIIJIJIXTII, nax

HiXTO

KOpiiCTOJII06CTBOM

crrpJIMoByBaJIII

CJI

Ha

rHiT.

fy6epHaTopii, qaJIIICJI

J!6JIOHOB-

neHOe,

IIIJIJIXTII'IaM.

IIOBIIHHOCTi

J! 6 JI 0 HiB III II Hi,

Ha

HaMaraJIIICJI

.[(iJIJihHiCTb

lXHIO

BJiaCHIIKa

MarHaTiB IlaBJIO

.[(pi6HIIM

3

iMeHi

Ma€TKaMII

<j:>eo.[(aJihHIIM

H:oro

KII,

Ma€TKiB

CIICTeMy .[(i3Ha€MOCJI

opeH.[(apeM

Ma€TKOM,

Bi.IJ:

Ma€TKiB.

'IIIHOM,

JIK

cT.

rrpoKypop

l(e

CeJIJIH

BJiaCHIIKOM,

HaTOpii,

111

opeH.[(OBaHIIMII

.[(OpyqaB

36IIpaJIII

Ilpo

3

XVIII

poKax

IIpii3Ha'!eHIIX .[(BOpOM

yrrpaBIITeJIJIMII TaKIIM

a

ToM

opeH.[(apeM

6yB

0co6IICTO

KOHTpOJIIOBaJIII

3

30-40-x

CeJiaX

CbKOl CTapiiiiiHII, eKOHOMiB.

B

Pyiiiiil(JI,

BOCbMII

CBOl Ma€TKII.

Hi

IlpuKapnammR.

Ha3Ba.

II(O B

3YCTpiqa-

1763

II(O

p.

IIi.[(

B I( ell 2Ke

IIp02KIIBaJia

iHIIIIIX

ceJiaX

B


112

BoJtoiJuMup

MiCTaX

fyn:ynhll(IIHII

mnJIXTII.

B

CeHMIIK

n:eH:

rrepio):(

306oB'JI3yBaB

IIi):():(aHIIX

Mana",

CTaHOBIIII(e oco6niiBO TIICJI

TaK

rrepe):(

TaK02K

Ill,orrpaB,[(a,

,[(eJIKa

ChKIIH

i

pyx

BcJI

B

i

qoMy

l(hOrO

):(pi6HOl

cenJIHCTBa,

MaHHa,

qacTo

TOMY

a6o

BIITJirTII

mnJIXTII

3

KOM-

mnJIXTII,

a

pyXOM.

rrepeBa2KHO IIpiiBinelB,

rrepecni):(yBanacb

rri):(TpiiMyBana

6yno

IIOCTyrra-

KinhKOMa

cepe):(Hboi:

HapO):(HIIM

II(O

Mana".

mnJIXII

XOTiB

rrpomapKy Ta

y6ory, He

HaMaraBCJI

mnJIXTII,

HiJIKOrO

He

BOnO,[(i!Oqlf

MarHaTiB

faniiU:hKIIH

IIi):():(aHIIX

ryn:ynhChKOl B

3

p.

mnJIXTY

JIKa

TOMY,

3

IIOnhCbKOl ):(pi6HOl

1653

y

,JIK

rOCIIO):(apCTBOM,

Ma!Oqlf

a

Hi

6opOTb6II

qacTIIHa

Bi!J:

yKpalH-

<j:>aKTifqHo cepe):(HhOIO

cenJIHChKo-orrpiimKiB-

fyn:ynhll(IIHi.

<j:>eo,[(anhHa

IIaHyBana

!J:pi6Ho1

mnJIXTifq

MaETKiB

MarHaTaMII, Ha

MaETKax

IIpii6yTOK.

He

3MiHII:

mnJIXTY,

,[(nJI

pO):(IIH

IIO,[(aTKII

<j:>eo,[(anoM,

3arOHII

Bi):(pi3HJinacb

):(eJIKi

,y6ory

cenJIHChKIIM

CbKOrO IIOX0,[(2KeHHJI,

KOIO

y

o6cnyra

KapanhHi

mnJIXTOIO

TY

}J:pi6HIIH

MaKCIIManhHIIH

rrneKTyBaniiCb

He

i

cepe):(HiM O,[(IIM

cTaniicJI

crrnaqyBaTII

cenJIH

TJI2KKIIM.

HaBiTh niime HhOrO

MemKano KinhKa ,[(eCJITKiB

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

Bi):(

BepxiBKa

ryn:ynhCbKOMY

eKCIInyaTal(i€10

Kpal

i

MarHaTiB

Ha2KIIBana

,[(0

):(pi6HOl

CBOl

mnJIXTII

6araTCTBa

2KOpCTO-

cenJIH.

2. KaTeropii cemiH Ta ix eKouoMique npaBOBe CTaHOBHIII,e ICTOpiiqHifX ,[(2Ke pen BIIII(a

cenJIH

Jliime

Ha

YJIBneHHJI TaK,

y

TapHIIM

OCHOBi rrpo

CTaH

OIIIICOM,

ypJI!J:OBU:i

BOnhHJI!Oqiich CBOlX

cyci):(HiX

IIaHII(IIHy", HJI

ceni

Manii

M a€ TK ax

HOpM

i

y

pi3Hi

M02KHa

O,[(IIH

,[(eHb

):(eCJITIIHII.

IIpoTe

BIIraHJinii

memopiBChKIIX 3a

4

TII2KHi

BIITpaqanii ,[(Ba ,[(Hi.

<j:>eo,[(anhHIIX

IIOBIIHHOCTeH

3

iHBeH-

IIaHII(IIHII

XoMeHTOBChKa,

,pa30M

Mano.

cKnacTII

cenJIH.

3ri):(HO

MapiaHHa

BOHII

fyn:ynhll(IIHII.

pp.,

CTaHO-

BIIJIBneHo

IIOBIIHHOCTi

1674-1676

Bi):(po6nJITII

cT.

TeKyqa

<j:>eo,[(anhHi

IIpiiMymyBanii

Ha rrepel3,[(II

XVII

Illemopii

):(aBaTII

HaCIInhHO

COl(ianhHO- eKOHOMiqHoro

rronoBIIHi

Illemopii

qifHm,

Ma€TKiB,

BCTaHOBneHIIX

IIaHChKIIX

cin

KaKOBChKIIH l(IIM,

xoq

):(pyriH:

3ane2KHOCTi

cenJIHII

rrnaTIITII J!Ky6

BifBqeHHJI

y

iHBeHTapiB

ripcbKOMY

TII2K):(eHh,

,[(nJI

fyn:ynhll(IIHII

TaKe 6yno

Ha

HeHaCIITHi He

3a):(o-

cenJIH

,[(0

Bi):(po6nJITII rropymeHB

iHmiiX


ImocmpoeaHa }J:ell(O

icmopi5l

iHIIIY

.l(aHIIMII

KapTIIHY

iHBeHTapJI

rociTo.l(apcTB.

3

BIIKOHyBaJIII

Y

IlpuKapnammR.

ceMII

HIIX

pi3Hi

MOJKHa

1678

Bi.l( ciM

qifHIII

13

ITJiaTIIB

B

25

,JIK

KpiM

Bi.IJ:

ceni

3IIMi,

JKIIJIII

.IJ:HiB

i

Ili.l(.l(aHi, TaK

3

iHBeHTapJI

HaiTpiiKJia.l(,

HaJiiqyBaJIOCJI

47

ITiB.I(BOpiiii(HIIX,

3aopKII

i

T.

3a

.1(. piK

12

KoJKHIIH

B

TaKOJK

II(e

BiCiM

B

c.

qQTIIpii HIIKII. .!(Hi

Ha

3a

Ha

ITpO

i

BChoro

JIKi

TIIJK.I(eHb,

Tpii

16

KypeH:.

xy.l(o6II

rpiiBeHh,

,3a ITaHII(IIpo6JIJITb Ha

II(OTIIJKHJI.

mopoKy

Bi.IJ:po6JIJIJIII ITO.IJ:aToK

Bi.IJ:

XVII

KJI!Oqa HaiTpiiKiHn:i

i

Tpii .!(Hi

Bi.l(p06IITII i

O.I(IIH

o6KOCKII,

,ITaHII(IIHII

.l(eHb

He

porOBII(IIHY

3y6oJKiB,

II(OTIIJKHJI

II( OTIIJKHJI,

aJie

2

.l(aHIIHII

Bi.l(

3a

piK IJpo

KOJKHIIH

3JIOTIIX,

a

XY.IJ:06II".

CeJIJIHIIHa

Himo

-

TaKOJK

.l(aHIIHy.

po6JIJITh,

CITJiaTIITII

6

3JIOTIIX"

IJJiaTIIJIII

CITJiaqyBaB

TaKOJK

3JIOTIIX

.I(Ba

.I(Ba .!(Hi

o6KOCKII.

a

7

ITO

pii6y

i

Bi.l(p06JIJITII

Ha TIIJK.I(eHb,

3a

J!K

XaTHIIKII

6yJIII

.l(aHIIHY

3JIOTIIX,

IIIiCTb

pii6 aJIOK.

CeJIJIHII

306oB'JI3aHi

cT .

MIIKYJIIIqiiH,

rOCITO.I(apiB;

KiJihKa

He3aMOJKHi

,ITJiaTIIJIII

c.

He

Mae".

B

iHBeHTapi

B

ceni

6yno

KOMipHIIKII.

38

ceJIJIHChKIIX

ITiB.I(BOpiiii(HIIX, Ha

CITJiaqyBaJIII

3.IJ:aBaJIII

15

iHBeHTapi,

BoHII

ITiB.I(BOpiiii(HOrO 6o

6yno

,CII.I(iJIII

B

ryn:ynhChKOMY

Bi.l(p06JIJIB

a6o

.l(ae,

l(iJIO.I(BOpiiii(HIIX,

IIIapBapoK,

i

6araTO OBel(b.

0TaMaH

CeJIJIHChKIIX

ITO

i

6yno

3JIOTIIX

<l>e.IJ:h

KOMipHIIKiB

ITCTpyriB,

O.I(HOrO

XaJiyiTHIIKiB

CeJIJIHII,

3a

xy.l(o6y

roniB

PoroBII(IIHa

3aKOCKII

3aKOCKII

700

He

80

-

58 8

O.I(HOMY .I(HIO

Y

ITOBIIHeH

3a3HaqeHO:

piK

,Himo

3apiqqJI

TyT,

CeJIJIHChKIIX

3JIOTIIH.

p.

27

Ha

ITOBOJIOBII(IIHY

J!MHOMY

3a3HaqeHo:

1700

Taro,

KOMipHIIK

iHBeHTapi

.l(aTII

O.I(IIH

qQTIIpii

XaTHIIKiB

BIIXO.I(IIB

.l(aTII

ITO

rOCITO.I(apCTBa

-

BIIXO.I(IITII

.!(Hi

KOHeH,

3aiTIICaHO

ITOHa.l(

KpiM

3

ITOBIIHeH

TeKyqa.

rociTo.l(apcTBa,

.IJ:BOX

ceJIJIHII.

IloKpOBII

KoJKHIIH

pii6aJIOK

Y

IOpiJI .1(0

CTOpOJKOBOrO

.I(HiB,

JIK

JiiTi"

CTaHOBIIJIII

24

.l(aHIIHY.

-

Macy

o6KOCKII.

rpiiBeHb,

.IJ:O

.l(eCJITIIHy.

3a

IliB.I(BOpiiii(Hi

Bi.l(

B

XaTHIIKiB,

OCHOBHY

ITaHII(IIHY

KOpiB,

ceJIJIH )J:eJIJITIIHChKoro

.IJ:OBi.IJ:YEMOCJI

KOMipHIIKII.

i

CTaHOBIIJia

cTaHOBIIII(e

6aqiiMO,

cBoi:

TinhKII 6araTiH:

.l(aBaJIII

XY.IJ:06II

Ilpo

C.

.l(eCJITb

HaniqyBanocJI

3JIOTIIX

MaJio3aMOJKHi

ITaHII(IIHII,

poraTOl

MaJIII

BOJiiB,

IT'JITII

3JIOTIIX. B

B

HaJiiqyBaJIOCJI

ITi.IJ:.IJ:aHIIX

3.IJ:aBanacJI .l(aHIIHa .IJ:OIIIKaMII. Hy"

CITOCTepiraTII

p.,

rociTo.l(a pcTBax

. .I(OMaiiiHhOrO .l(po6y".

ITaHII(IIHi

113

3

ITOBIIHHOCTi.

ceJIJIHChKIIX

IInaTIIBCJI

ToM

15

rociTo.l(apcTB.

XaTHIIKiB

l(iJIIIX .I(BOpiiii(aX", .l(aHIIHY,

CeJIJIHII,

3.1(aBaJIII JIKi

.l(epeBO,

,CII.IJ:iJIII

i

Tpii

Bi.l(p06JIJIJIII

Ha

3

HIIX

KOMipITO Tpii

BIIKOHyBaJIII

ITiB.IJ:BOpiimax",


114

BoJtoiJuMup

Bi):(p06JIJIJIII piqqi

,):(Ba ):(Hi

14

Ha

KOMipHIIKII. ,[(eHb

ITO

3,[(aBaJIII

Ta

,[(aHIIHII

He

ITOBIIHHi 3

CTaHOBIIIIJ;e

ITOJIOBIIHII

CeJIJIH

3a ):(aHIIMII

3JIOTIIX,

EaHi-Eepe3oBi

TII

ITaHIIJ;IIHY B

<j:>a

c.

piqHoro

Y

ITO

12

6yno

cTpOITII

!J:O

a6o

TII

Y

3

C.

JlJOqa,

rOCITO):(apCTB, 3JIOTIIH.

He ,[(0

rpiiiiMII,

JIKIIH

17

6yJIII

Be2Ki iTII

i

B

BOHII

OITIICiB,

HaniqyBano-

~,[(

,[(aHIIHY

CIIJIII,

He

TpbOX

,[(aBaB".

Yci

6yB

,[(0 Y

ceJIJIHII-

ITJiaTIIJIII

ITOBIIHeH

,[(aHIIHY

Bi):(p06JIJI-

Yci

3a

HIIX

ITOBIIHHi BiKHa,

,[(aHIIHY

ITaHChKoro

KpiM

Taro,

IT'JITb

MOCTII.

pyHrypCbKOrO

B

1730

12-15

p.

TIIIIIKOB-

6yno

3JIOTIIX,

,):(aBaJIII ITPJI!J:IIBa,

pa3

Ha piK

6oqoK

43

iHIIIi,

BIIXO,[(IITII,

KopqMif, ,[(0

):(aBaJIII

ITaHIIJ;IIHY,

ITaHa

lXaJIII

6yJIII

6ynii

,qlfHIIIY

rociTo):(apcTBa

3

OBeqy ,[(eCJITIIHY. ,[(0

BoHII

po6IITII",

0JieKCaH):(pa

MOTKII

Bi):(Be3TII

Hocii-

CTOp02Ky".

Ma€TKY

JIHU:JI,

EITIICKOITa

rociTo):(apcTB.

TII2K,[(eHb

Bi):(po6JIJIJIII

iHBeHTapJI,

CITJiaqyBaJIII

IIIO

iHBeHTapHIIX

,HiiiJ;O

,Bi):(6yBaTII

ITpal(JOBaTII

3a ,[(aHIIMII JIKi

Ha

BoHII

ru;o6

yci

Bi):(p06JIJIJIII TOrO,

rociTo):(apcTB.

rpiiBeHh".

6yJIII

JIKIIJ;O

3BifqaeM,

MeHIIIe

Ma€TKaX.

CeJIJIHIIH

,[(HIO

KYPII,

6):(2KiJihHY,

COJieBapHi,

ITOBIIHHi

CITJiaqyBaJIII

BII2KHhOMY

TJirJIOBOl

IIOTOI(i,

ITi):(BO,[(OIO,

3aKOCKII,

piK.

15

3JIOTIIX

,[(aHIIHY,

C oujaJibHO- eKOHOMiqHe

CITJiaqyBaJIO

ceJIJIHChKIIX

1

ITOBIIHHi

ciHo,

porOBIIJ;IIHY,

MJIIIH,

qep3i

5

6aHi",

3 ,[(aBHiM

26

Eepe3oBi

OTaMaHa,

20

ITO

Tpii TII2K-

):(Bip.

ITpiiBaTHIIX y

HIIX

roCITO):(apCTB.

CITJiaqyBaJIII

3ri,[(HO

y

K02KHIIH

30JIOTOMY

58

KOHli

B

Ha

i

O,[(IIH

o6opKII,

ITaHIIIIIHII

BIIJIBJieHo

HaJIBHOCTi

):(HiB

):(eHh,

ITpe):(CTaBIITII

p., 3

3aOpKII,

3BO,[(IIJIIICb

HaniqyBanocb

6yno

qep3i

PyHrypax

ChKoro

ropiXII,

p.

,ITaHIIJ;IIHII

ITJiaTIITII

BII):(iJIJIJIII

1708

XaTHIIKiB

CITJiaqyBaJIII

Ha TepiiTopil BOJIO):(iHh JihBiBChKoro

IllyMJIJIHChKoro

306oB'JI3aHi

cT.

III lip III e

):(Hi,

O!J:IIH

BapTy"

XVIII

3JIOTIIX.

ITO

Po3TOKII

,[(eCJITIIHY,

,Ha

Bi):(

CeMII

Ha

CiM

Bi):(p06JIJIJIII

,[(.

06 OB 'JI3KII

K02KHe

He3aJie2KHO

Bi):( TpbOX ,[(0

T.

,[(Ba

KoMipHIIKII

BIIHJITKOM

1708

B

i

fyu;yJihiiJ;IIHII

3a

ITO

TII2K):(eHh

lX

iHBeHTapJI

rOCITO):(apCTB.

ryu;ynii,

Ha

M 02KJIIIBiCTb

-

BIIXO,[(IIJIII

062KIIHKII

BIIXO,[(IITII

ITpiiiTa,[(aJIO

rOCITO):(apCTBa

):(pyriiH

CTOp02KOBOrO.

ITepiiio1

13

a

Bi):(po6JIJIJIII

6yJIII

BOCbMII

qoTIIpii

CITJiaqyBaJIII,

,[(a!O Tb

cJI

iHIIIY ,[(aHIIHY

rOCITO):(apCTB

KypqaT,

3a2KIIHKII,

XaTHIIKII

JIKi

,[(HIO,

KypeH:

,[(aHIIHII

BCIO

3aM02KHiiiii

O,[(HOMY

o6KOCKII,

i

CeJIJIHChKIIX

Fpa 6oeeu, bKU i1

COJii,

3JIOTIIX.

ru;o6 HaiTpaBJIJICTap02KIIJIII

ITO

,[(BOpy.

40

CeJIJIHChKIIX

qifHIIIY

-

O,[(IIH


ImocmpoeaHa IJpo

icmopi5l

COIJjaJibHO-eKOHOMiqHe

KJIJOqa .[(OBi.[(y€MOCJI

3

.[(eHIIH

Mono.[(JITIIH,

69

IIiiiiiiMII 6e3

3HaqHi

<j:>eo.[(aJihHi

He3Ba2KaJOqii

TapHoro

Ha

3.[(a€TbCJI

Ha

Ha

ripchKi

piK

BeJIIIKe

aJie

IIaHII(IIHHIIX

.[(BOpi.

,JIKi aJie

po6IITII

CTaJIII

Ha

.[(aBaTII

AHani3yJOqii .[(OCIITb .[(aJieKo 2KIIHi

6yJIII

KiJihKiCTb

Be2Ki

i

IIaHII(IIHY

CBOlM

Bi.IJ:6yBaTII

icHyBana

B

neriiioJO,

Hi2K

MII

.[(OBi.[(y€MOCJI

.IJ:Hi

II(OpOKY

.[(HIO

.[(aHIIHaX JIK

a6o

iHBeHTap

B

qifHIIIaX,

KOrO

rrpou;ec

i

He

cou;iaJibHoro

JIKi

y

.[(0-

IJeqeHi2KIIHi

7008.

-

TaKe

<j:>eo.[(aJiy BCiX

IIOBIIHHi

cena

MapKiBU:JIX-

pa3oM

JiiTi".

KJIJOqa

BChoro

3arriicaHo: B

A

TIIIII-

po6iT

, H a

Ha

rraHII(IIHi

BCi Ti

po6IITII

1722

KJIJOqa

COl(iaJibHOrO

IIJiaTIIJIII

TaK,

y

iHBeH-

CeJIJIHII,

IIaHII(IIHII,

HaiiiiCaHo".

rOCIIO.[(apCTBa,

CeJIJIHII,

JIK

ycix

CTaHOBIIJIO

JiaHiB

IJeqeHi2KIIHChKoro

KapTIIHY

l(e

M02KJIIIBiCTb

CBOlX

3IIMi,

.[(JIJI

452, a

M OJIO.IJ:JITIIH

TaK

B

.[(aBaJIO

3

IJeqeHi2KIIHCbKOrO

1252

408,

-

o6po6iTOK

1

rpyHTY

3aM02KHi

Hani-

rraHII(IIHa

Mono.[(JITIIHi

.[(HiB

ITO

BeJIIIKi

6yJIII

B

IJeqeHi2KIIH

HeO.[(HOpi.IJ:HY 3attiiioB

-

6yna .IJ:emo

l(e

3araJibHOMY

cin

.[(aHIIHY,

IJpo

Cno6o.[(i

IIaHCbKOMY

Ma!OTb

BORa

rraHII(IIHa

.IJ:Hi,

3300

-

3a6e3rreqyBaTII

iHBeHTapi

CKJia-

TJirJIOBIIMII

3o6oB'JI3aHi

po6oqiiX IIaHII(IIHHIIX .[(HiB.

1692

BIIXO.IJ:IIJIO

B

KOBCbKOMY

B

rpyHTII,

IIOBIIHHOCTett

rrorJIJI.IJ:,

HeBeJIIIKOIO,

qifCJIO

6i.IJ:Hi

morrpaB.[(a,

<j:>eo.[(aJibHIIX

rrepiiiiitt

PyHrypax

6yJIII

BIIKOHyBaJIII 6ynii

6yB

IJeqeHi2KIIH ,

IloTiK)

159

HIIX

CeJIJIHII

IlpiiKaprraTTJI.

BeJIIIKY KiJihKiCTb

1156,

-

IIOBIIHHOCTi.

CeJiaX

OIIIICY

(1722).

JIKIIH

KJIJOqa

(3onoTIItt

3

II(O

IJeqeHi2KIIHCbKOrO

iHBeHTapJI,

Cno6o.[(a

TaKIIMII,

CeJIJIH

u;noro

rOCIIO.[(apCTB.

(,rriiiio").

IJeqeHi2KIIHII(IIHII,

HII30BIIHHIIX

CIITb

TJirna

cenax

PyHrypii,

T06TO

a6o

CTaHOBIIII(e

rr'JITII

CeJIJIHChKIIX

TJirJioM

cenax

B

115

3

.[(OCIITb .[(eTaJibHOrO p.

MapKiBu;i,

228

qyBanocJI

3

1722

ciqHJI

ToM

IlpuKapnammR.

CTaHy

po3IIIapyBaHHJI.

II(O

MaJIII

BeJIIIKIIH

TaK,

IIIiCTh-BiCiM

y

IIaHiB

6aqiiMO TyT

y

B2Ke

IJeqeHi-

BOJiiB,

20-30

qifHIII

opeH.[(yBaJIII

p.,

CeJIJIH.

3HaqHy

3JIOTIIX.

OKpeMi

ll,e

COJieBapHi

36araqyBaJIIICJI.

IJopJI.[( KaTeropil BJiaCHOCTi.

3

6araTIIMII

ciJihChKoro )l:o

6i.[(HOl

CeJIJIHaMII

KaTeropil

KcepoKoniR naHU{U3H5lHUX Kfl/Olfa

B

HaceneHHJI

ei()

iHBeHTapi

1722

KOMipHIIKII, CeJIJIH

HaJie2KaB

iHBeHmapHoco nOBUHHOCmeCi

1722 poKy

(c.

onucy Ce!l5lH

116-119)

p.

JIKi

3aiiiiCaHi He

MaJIII

BaciiJih

Kamecopiu

6i.[(Hi HiJIKOl

,IJ:oB6yiii

ma

IlelfeHi:JICUHCbKOi!O


120

BoJtoiJuMup

(,KoMopyBaB" BaTa2KKa ceJIJIHII

fpiiHJI

orrpiiiiiKiB

IIpOTe ):(aBaTII

3MyiiieHi

BIIKOHyBaTII

B

1736

):(Hi

IIaHlilliHII,

p.

IIJiaTIIJIII

2KJIM.

KpiM

rropy

,Bi):(6yBaTII"

3aKOCKII,

rraHliliiHII,

o6KOCKII,

CTOp02Ka"

a6o

KapTIIHY

M.

Kocie.

KociB

XVIII

1753

3

<j:>OH):(i 3

p.,

JIKi

MarHaTiB

rrepe):(MicTJIMII,

3aca!lbHUU

BUi!Jl5liJ

Ta

lX

cT.

O):(HaK

rocrro):(apcTB.

CIIJiaqyBaJIII 3o6oB'JI3aHi

6ynii

3aOpKII,

cena

B

Tpii

36i2KniTHIO

o6opKII,

,BIIHaHMaJIII

):(Bip.

<j:>eo,[(aJibHIIX

IIOBIIHHOCTeH

HelilO):(aBHO

)l:i):(yiiiiiiihKIIX.

'iaCmUHU.

BiH

CeJIJIHII,

,[(aHIIHY

Ill,opoKy JIIO,[(II

CTapiiH:

i

lilOTII2KHJI

Bi):():(3epKanroroTh

cena

IIJiaTIITII ceJIJIHIIHa

ripcbKoro

Bi):(p06JIJIJIII

CTeperTII

nro

xoq

BCiJIJIKY ,[(aHIIHy.

qacTIIHII

BIIJIBJieHi

3aXiiJHof

II p o

Hiqoro",

po60TII

BIIXO,[(IIJIII

KaTeropiH:

iH.

IIJiaTIITII

3JIOTIIX,

IIaciqHo1

3a3HaqeHo, IliBoBap,

IIaHlilliHII,

Ta

HeMae

TJirJIO,

062KIIHKII.

qep3i

cepe):(IIHi

BOJIOCTi

IIpiiBaTHOMY

BXO):(IIJIII:

ITO

):(HiB

ceJIJIHChKIIX

IIaHChKi

3a2KIIHKII

CeJIJIHChKIIX B

,[(Ba-rr'JITb ceJIJIHII

12

rreBHOl

CBO€

rrpocnaBJieHoro

iHBeHTapi

ropixii

,Y6oriiH:,

19

6yno MaJIII

6aThKO

MIIxaH:no

IIaHlilliHII

orriicy

,[(O,[(aTKOBi

CaMi

KociBliliiHi

KociBCbKOl

TaM

3eMJIIO,

CoBa,

JIHIIJI,

):(HiB

iHBeHTapHoro

,IIOCi):(aJIII"

M.

rrpJI2Ki,

12

B

,IJ:oB6yiiia.

AH):(pyc

BIIKOHyBaTII

):(aHIIMII

IIaciqHa,

HOMY

OneKcii

TBep):(K2Ka),

IliBoBap,

MOTKII

JIKi

Ha

faBprvra

CTeJibMaxoBa 3a3HaqeHo:

3MyiiieHIIH 3a

6araTiJI

AH):(piH:

,y6ori", qiiHIII,

y

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

Y

IIIO

KociB,

Cy'iaCHa

iHBeHTapi y

pyKOIIIICBOJIOCTb

qepeHiBKa,

CBimflUHa


ImocmpoeaHa Ta

icmopi5l

ripchKi

cena

aKTOBIIMII ,.IJ:aHIIHII Be

a6o

-

B

BiBl(i-JipKII

u;noro,

l(e

rOBOpiiTbCJI

MiCTp

3

.[(.

IT'JITh-IIIiCTb

ITJiaTIIJIII

XTO

pi3Hi

MaB Ca.[(II TaK:

,3

ITpiiCJI2KHIIMII,

-

TaK

3BaHa

.[(eCJITIIHa Ha

Bi.IJ:

TaK i

TOrO, 10Tb

KOJIII Ha

TaK

.[(epeBi

13 JIK

Bi.[(6yBaJiaCJI TaKa 2K

TIOTIOH

ITOITyiiii,

CTaporo

3aiTIICaHO

KOCapiB,

a

O.[(HOrO

KocoBa B

3

M02KJIIIBOCTi,

3a IT'JITb

TOJIMII

(Bi.[( .[(eCJITKa

II(II3Ha

-

KaMII

i

JIOCb

llpo CaHO

ITOBIIHHiCTb

TaK:

-

.[(a!OTb

15 3

BeJIIIKi ryu;ynaM ITeBHi 6yJIII

KOCapiB,

Bi.[(

K02KHOl

i

3

a

06 OB 'JI3KII,

ITOB' JI3aHi

CITJiaqyBaJIOCb 3aroHiB .[(JIJI

6ypro10-H:

ITJiaTJITb. XTO Ca.[(aMII.

lliCJIJI

ITpiiCJI2KHIIH BII3Haqy-

3 3

rp.". rpyHTy",

ITiBrpyHTY

A

1,5

JIKII(O

a6o

OKpeMi 3

3

ITO

,u;inoro

rpiiBHIO

.[(eCJITKa

i.[(yTh

MipKy!OTb

KOCapeBi". 21

.n:ecJITIIHY

iHBeHTapi ITpO

ITJiaTIITII

lcHyBaJIII

(Bi.[(

i

JIK

ITOBIIHeH

ITO

KapaJihHIIX

B

rpiiBeHb

l(II6yni.

CeJIJIHaMII

ripCbKIIX cena

CBOrO

3JIOTIIX,

ITpocTopii

YMOBII

CeJiaX

.[(JIJI

ryu;yJihChKIIX fopo.n:,

-

200

3JIOTIIX"

ITpii6yTKII.

-

3ri.[(HO

( capHa

ITacoBIIII(,

M02KJIIIBiCTb

Bi.n:ro.n:iBJIJI BCiX

-

rOCITO.[(apCTB

,fipchKi

CMOJIJIHII(IIHII

capHy

-

KOHli

HeMa€

.[(aBaJIII

BiHCbKOBIIMII

400

Ha

ITOBIIHHOCTi:

3JIOTIIX),

6opoTb6II

rOCITO.[(apCTB

3

ITOC-

CMOJIJIoiTpiiiii-

CITJiaqyBa-

3JIOTIIX).

qepeHiBKa TIIX,

3

ITJiaTIIJIII

BiHl(iB

yTpiiMaHHJI

ITOBCTaJIIIMII

200

rpyHTY

KOCapJI

( , CTal(iJI")

Ha

6

ITi.[(.[(aHIIX

rociTo.n:ap

,Bi.[(6yBaTII

TpeTIIHII

Bi.[(

3HiMa€TbCJI:

Ca.[(OBIIHY

ITpOl(e.[(ypa,

306oB'JI3YIOTb

K02KHIIH

aKTi,

TO

ITIICapJI

2KOBHipii3Ha

JIKIIX

Bi.[(

qifHIII

OKpeMy

CeJiaX).

ITOCITi€, TaK CaMO 6yproMiCTp i

3

Bi.[(

6yB

ropiiiTIIHa:

6.n:2KiJI. B

ropll(IIK Ha CKap6HIIl(IO, TaK 3 TOrO ropiiiKa ITO p03BO.[(IIB TIOTIOH,

rpiiBeHb,

3HaqHifll

Poro-

3JIOTIIH,

rpiiBeHb.

MiCTi,

paxyiDTb

O.[(IIH

3a

<j;J e O.[(aJiy

BCTaHOBJieHHJI".

.[(eCJITb

}J:OCIITb

PiqKa.

ITJia TIIJIII

BOJia

.n:ecJITIIHII

(JIK B

Ca.[(iB

Bi.[(

03IIMKa T.

ITOBIIHHiCTh,

ITJiaTIIJIII

ITJiaTIIB TOR,

Bi.[(

J!BopiB,

BOJIOCTi

3ri.n:Ho .n:aBHhoro

3JIOTIIH

OKpeMa

121

CoKoJiiBKa,

p03Mipi:

3JIOTIIH,

O.[(IIH

3

KociBCbKOl

rpyHTY

TaKOMY

O.[(IIH

nyJia

KpiM

3

ToM

Ea6IIH,

CeJIJIHII

qifHIIIi

BepXOBOrO OBel(b.

fopo.n:,

OITIICaMII,

ITJiaTIIJIOCJI

KOpOBII

IlpuKapnammR.

J!K

p03BIITKY

poraTo1 MiCTaX

KociBCbKOl BOJIOCTi

CoKoJiiBKa,

p03paxyHKY,

-

JIJIOBIII(IO .[(y2Ke

CBOl

3a3Haqanoch,

-

B

rOCITO.[(apCTBa oco6JIIIBO

-

85

ITOBIIHHiCTb

ITOJIOHIIHII

3aiTII-

J!BopiB,

2KOBHipii3HII CBJITQqHy

.[(aBHJI

ciHo2KaTeH:,

yTpiiMyBaTII B2Ke

CiJI

Ea6IIH,

PiqKa,

400

3JIO-

3JIOTIIX,

3a

CeJIJIH). ropax .n:aBaJIII Ma TII

3

ciTpiiJITJIIIBIIMII

HIIX TYT

TBapiiHHIIl(TBa.

xy.n:o6II,

a

oco6JIIIBO

fyu;yJihll(IIHII.

ll,e

oBel(h,

M02KHa

6yna

ITOIIIIIpeHa

ITpOiJIIOCTpyBaTII

y Ha


122

BoJtoiJuMup

IIpiiKJia)Jj

OKpeMIIX

1745

pe3HJI

p.

rocrro)lapcTBa KopiB,

IIIe

ll,i

)l:aJieKO

y

Matt2Ke ceJIJIH

BiciM

ryu;yJIII HiqiiM

Ilpou;ec

CBipcbKa

i

TJirna.

B 3

xapaK-

OKpeMIIX

XVIII

cT.

CeJIJIH-

3a

13

i3

qopHoMy

Ta6yHII

6araTilB

a6o

cepe)]

)laHIIMII

ceJIJIHChKIIX

IloTou;i

KOHett,

3a

cepe)]

6araTIIX,

6i)]HIIX

6inh-

CTa)la

,Y6ori"

II(O)leHHe

ryu;yniB

KOpiB

KaTeropil xapqyBaH-

B

CaMe

TYT

,y6oriiX"

CJirae cT.

ryu;yJIII

CBOIO

u:ett

rrepio)l

3YCTpiqa€MO 6i)]HIIX.

p.

(ceJia

ceJIJIH

IIOB'JI3aHi

XVI-XIX TyT

y

qac

IJpo

AKpeiiiopa,

rroxo)]IIJIII

Hapo)]Hi

ryu;yJIII.

rroqaTKaMII

Kpa!O.

BeCb

1734

Bi)l

KaTeropitt

IIOBCTaJii

rapTyBaJIII

CaMe

B

rrepe)l <Peo)laJiaMII.

)]OKyMeHTi

Ta

)]OCJirno

)le

Y

OBel(b,

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

xap aKTe p.

IIpiirHiqeHi,

y

6inh-

XY)]06II.

<!Jeo)laJibHO-KpiiiOCHIIl(bKOrO

)]0JIIO 6IIBIIH

3HaqHo

p03IIIapyBaHHJI

naHi-Eepe30Bi

MaJIII

)]O

T06TO

CBOlMII

l(hOrO

cepe)]IIHi

y

OTapii

XY)]06II

TOroqacHIIX )]OKyMeHTaX

CaMe

liKe

IIpiiTYJIOK,

BOJiiB,

Icrrac,

rocrro)lapcTBax.

MOBa

TepiiTOpil

iCTOpil

Ta

TBapiiHHIIl(bKIIH

MaHHOBe

po3IIIapyBaHHJI

B

OIIpiiiiiKII

po3BIITKY

rrepiO)l

HIIH

II(O

H)le

2KIITTJI,

qacTKa

i'xHix

-

cBoro He

rrocTyrraJIIICJI

B

rrpo

p.,

rracTyxaMII

EaHJI).

fipChKi CbKOrO

1708

l(iJii

,M02KHiiiiiiX",

MeCHIIKII

B

He

KaTeropil

KOHett,

6yno

6e-

CeJIJIHChKIIX

CTorrqaTiB

KocMaq

KiJihKiCTb

XVII

MaJIII

MaJIII

3pic,

6yna

30BCiM

MattHoBoro

HaCTiJihKII

i

-

27

Ha

373

xy)lo6II

cenaMII

IIi)]TBep)l2KYIOTb

CBi)lqlfTb

Bi)l

He

HattMaJIIICJI

TepMiHII

pa3

rronoBIIHi

OIIIICY

rrpau;JOBaJIII

BOrO

II(O

rOCIIO)lapCTB

naraTi

pi3Ho1

3

CTaHOM Ha

ryu;yniB.

)lpyritt

rocrro)lapcTB IIIiCTh

TaKi

II(e

KJIJOqa

IIYHKTaX

AKpeiiiopa

HeO)]IIHaKOBOIO

iHBeHTapHoro

HJI

cenax

rOCIIO)lapCTB,

ryu;yniB

roniB

rropiBHJIHHi

)laHi

rocrro)lapcTB

CbKIIX

Y

HaCeJieHIIX

5414

rrpiirra)laJio

ryu;ynhChKIIX

XY)]06II.

CTOBrrqaTiBCbKOrO

rr'JITbOX

MOJIO)]HJIKa.

TIIIIOBO

Tep

CiJI

Y

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

3

iCTOpi€10

)laBHiX

qaciB

IIonoHIIHII BIIIIaCaJIII

JIIIXOJiiTTJI

BOJIIO,

Ha IIOJIOHIIHaX

OC06JIII-

KonopiiTHa

Xy)lo6y,

TYT

3HaXO)lliJIII

BIIJIBJIJIJIII

opraHi30ByBaJIIICJI

IIOJIOHIIHi

ripCbKIIH

36IIpaJIIICJI 3arOHII

BOHII

CIIOKittCB060-

BCi IIpiiHII2KeHi

HapO)]HIIX

MeCHII-

KiB- OIIpiiiiiKiB.

B Hi

iCTOpiiqHifX )]2KepeJiaX XVI

cT.,

IIOJIOHIIHCbKe raTi

Ha

CbKIIX

a

B

2KIITTJI

B2Ke

IIaCOBIIII(a JIYKII, TepiiTOpitt

IIOJIOHIIHII

)lpyritt

BIIepiiie

rronoBIIHi 6ypXJIIIBO

p03Mill(eHi

BKa3yJOTb

Ha

XVII

3ra)lyJOTbCJI cepe)]IIHi

p03BIIBaJIOCJI. BIICOKO

6e3Jiiq

B

cepe)]II-

IJOJIOHIIHII

ropax.

IIOJIOHIIH

B

XVIII

Ha

:IKIITeJii

cT. 6a-

IIi)lrip-

fyu;yJihll(IIHi


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

Bunac ,3a

IJpyToM"

.n:o

rracMa

XVII

,3a

oeeu,b

qacTo B

B

T06TO

KaHl(eJIJipil

noflOHUHi.

HaJIBHiCTb

BCTYIIIIJIII EecKII.IJ:iB,

II p

o

a6o

mo

ceJIJIHII

6yna

Bi.[(pli.[(2KeHa

p.

3

OIIOBi.[(aJIII

IIOJIOHIIHax" TyTeiiiHhOl

Ta ropii

IJOJIOHIIHII lB-ryn:yniB,

roBopiiThCJI,

IIpii

mo

piBHJI

i

BO

COKOJiiBKII

riB pp.

18

M

.[(JIJI

II,

qepe-

HaKa30M

o6cTe2KeHHJI

IIIICaJIII

.[(0

JiiCiB,

cy.n:oBIIX

nyKiBU:i

BOHII,

CIIYCTOIIIeHIIX

rrpoToKonax,

,IJ:oB6yiiia.

B

B

6iJIJI

IIpOCTJiraJIIICb

.[(0

JIKi

aKTax

IIOJIOHIIHaX

,p03XO.[(IIJIIICJI

OIIIICi

Ca2KeHiB.

Yrpen:n

OXOIIJIIO€

80

CiJI

3a

BiBqapi CTory

3 Ha

HaHBIIII(Ol

rri.n:.n:aHIIM

MOpraMII

l(iel c.

opeH.[(apiB,

.n:eKOJIII

J!BopoBa p03MipOM

IIOJIOHIIHII

KpiiBopiBHJI.

Ha i

6araTi-

3a3HaqaJIIICJI

(1753

KociBCbKOl BOJIOCTi

3HaXO.IJ:IIThCJI

IIpOCTip

KiJihKa BJiaCHIIKiB

<j:>eo.[(aJiiB,

rpoMa.[(aM;

KOp.[(OHiB

qacTKOBO i

OKpeMIIX

HaJie2KaJIII

rronoHIIHa

HaJie2KIITh

Bono.n:iJOTh

,

B

IIOJIOHIIHII

BJiaCHiCTIO

.n:eJIKi

TaK,

,Ha

,3a 3a

KonoMIIHChKi KOMicapii rri.n:-

rro6paTIIMiB

)l:oB6yiiia",

0T2Ke,

KOMiCiJI

p.

Ha3IIBaJOTh".

3ra.n:yeThCJI

II(O

xy.n:o6y

rronoBIIHi

CTir.

6yJIII

a

rrpo

iH.

3araJihHO

Ha6JIII2KeHIIMII

.n:pyritt

1670

Y

rpaHIIl(h,

crrittMaHIIX

IIi.[(KpeCJIIO€TbCJI,

J!BOpOBa

p03Mipii.

JIK

qacTo

rrpiiBO.IJ:Y

IIOJIOHIIH.

MiCl(h,

y

TpiiMaJIII

fyl(yJihll(IIHi.

ropax

3a piKaMII, aKTax

Ha

.[(0

rronoHIIH

rronoHIIHII

cKna.n:aniicJI

1738

y

BBiHIIIJIII

CeimfluHa

T06TO

KoponiBChKIIX MaETKiB Ha KonoMIIHII(IIHi. TBep.[(IIJIII

123

3

CHJITIIHChKIIX

3ra.n:yeThCJI,

ropax",

KOpOJiiBCbKOl

na

qepeMOIIIeM",

qopHoropil.

cT.

MOIIIeM

a6o

ToM

IlpuKapnammR.

1x p.)

Me2Ki

c.

KpiiBO-

PiqKII,

a

qacTKO-

460

BIIMipeHIIX MOp-

IIpOTJirOM

1740-1760

lliJIJIXTa KociBII(IIHII


124

BoJtoiJuMup

CKap2KIIJiaCJI B 1753 p., II(O rpoMa.IJ:a IIOJIOHIIHII

6irrJI BO

,6e3rrpaBHO"

B

rricoM.

iHIIIOMY

KpiiBopiBHi,

COKOJiiBKII,

CMepeKOBIIM 40-X

poKaX

ChKIIH

JiiCOM,

MOpriB.

IIpiiBJiaCHIO€

.IJ:aHi

IIpiirrerJIIIM

PiqKII

Hel

Yrpeu:n

i

qacTKO-

qacTKOBO 3apOCJIIIX

KpiiBOpiBHJIHCbKa

BOJIO.IJ:iB

.IJ:O

rrorroHIIHY

rpoMa.IJ:a.

.IJ:OBrOIIiJihChKIIH

Y

yKpalH-

)]).IJ:YIIIKa.

iHBeHTapJI

(KociB,

3 rrpo

80 MOpriB,

co6i

IIOJIOHIIHaMII

MIIKOJia

cBi.IJ:qaTh

pa30M il.IJ:eThCJI

Harre2Karra rri.IJ:.IJ:aHIIM 51BopoBa,

KiJihKOMa

cerrax

TaK02K

p03MipOM 406

OTaMaH

RK ceMII

mo

KpiiBOpiBHi BeJIIIKY qacTIIHY uj€1

IIpiiBJiaCHIO€

.IJ:OKyMeHTi

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

KociBChKOl

qepeHiBKa,

fopo.IJ:,

BorrocTi

Ea6IIH,

3a

1753

C oKorriBKa,

p.,

y

51Bo piB,

PiqKa) CeJIJIHII-ryu:yrrii, JIKi B OCHOBHOMY BIIIIaCaJIII OBel(b Ha IIOJIOHIIHaX,

IIJiaTIIJIII

crreu:iaJibHY

IIOBIIHHiCTb

-

IIOJIOHIIHChKy.

TaK,

CeJIJIHII

3 na6IIHa .IJ:aBaJIII IIOJIOHIIHCbKe B p03Mipi O.IJ:HOrO 6apaHa a6o qQTIIpii 3JIOTIIX .IJ:eCJITh 3JIOTIIH

20

rpiiBeHh,

cerrJIHII

KpiM TBapiiHHIIU:TBa i MarrocJI

pi3HIIMII

CTBa,

COJieBapHi,

BIIHY

XVII

KaTeropil: 3Bapiiqi, CMOJIII, Y

IIIJIJIXeTChKi

rr'JITh

pii6arrKII,

CKJia Ta

6araThOX

6apaHiB

arre

cT.

3YCTpiqaiOThCJI

60H.IJ:api,

TeCJIJipi,

rraciqHifKII,

CKpi6JIJIKII,

fyu:yrrhll(IIHII

ryu:yrrhChKi

ryu:yrrii

pii6arrKII, K02KHIIH

700

3aH:MaJIIICJI JIK

3

IICTpyriB,

rroBorroBII(IIHY

3ra.IJ:KII rrpo

a6o

3a .IJ:aHIIMII

fpiiropiJI

CKa3aHO,

II(O

COKIIpOIO

XO.IJ:IITb".

B

MeJihHIIK

3

peMiCHIIqi

TKaqi,

po6iTHIIKII

pii6arrhCTBOM.

3arriicaHo

ripHIIKII,

3

HIIX

IIOBIIHeH

B

Y

B iHBeHTapi, 6yB

CIIJiaTIITII .IJ:aHIIHY

poroBII(IIHY.

MeJibHIIKiB

MY HacerreHOMY IIYHKTi.

peMOHT .IJ:BOpy,

3aH:-

rocrro.IJ:ap-

TaKi

o6po6KII

,.IJ:aTII B

.IJ:O

p03Mipi

1704

p.

BIIXi.IJ:

c.

)laHIIrro

3HaXO.IJ:IIMO

BoHII

y

o6oB'JI3KII ,3

COKIIpOIO

CToBrrqaTiB, MerrhHIIK

BiH 3

3

MaB

po6oTy",

i

6yrra

IIicTIIHhU:i".

rrpo

rraHChKOMeJihHIIKa

i .IJ:O .IJ:BOpa

MeJibHIIKa a

KpiM

,BIIro.IJ:yBaTII

CTorrqaToBa

3JIOTIIX

KocoBi

3JIOTIIX

KOCMal(bKOrO Ha

B He

B K02KHOMY ryu:yrrhChKO-

BII2KHhOMY Eepe3oBi

,CIIJiaqy€ .IJ:aHIIHY

p.

IIaHChKOrO 2

<j:>aKTifqHo 6yrrii Ha crry2K6i y

1708 p., y BiH

MaH2Ke

1700

rraHII(IIHII

KaTeropiJI pii6arroK, JIKi ,rroBIIJIII pii6y B piKax PII6HIIU:i

Berrpa".

21

B aKTaX 3a .IJ:pyry IIOJIO-

Ma€TKII TOII(O.

MeJibHIIKII,

cerrax

Bi.IJ:p06JIJIJIII,

MY .IJ:Bopi.

a6o

iH.

TaKi

piK

o6crryroByBarro

XVIII

cepe.IJ:IIHY

MIIKYJIIIqiiHi

.IJ:aTII

-

3eMrrepo6cTBa, HacerreHHJI

rrpoMIIcrraMII,

KepaMHIIKII,

.IJ:BOpy Ha

CoKorriBKII

rpiiBeHb.

3a

,6aBIIBCJI

l(hOrO, piK

3

BXO.IJ:IIJIO: JIK

i

O.IJ:Horo

TecrrJipChKOIO


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

po60TOIO",

6y.[(yBaB

correBapHi M02KHa 6yrrH

CBOro

ITaHChKi Ha

IiYIThiJIHHH,

TKaJIH

6yrro

1732

B

IT'JITepo

Ta

Bi.[(

)l,ocHTh

COJieBapHHX .[(JIJI

300

ITpO

.[(BOX

6oqoK

Ha

Ha

IJIO

3a

B

JIKi

ITJiaTHJIH HJIX

3a

BO.IJ:a.

,ll,i

Ilpo Ha3BaHi

ITaHmHHII", 3BapHqi TepHo,

3

KOITaJIH

T06TO

mo

3a

Fama!leBU'l

3

cirrh

KJIIOqi

,ll,i

i

1741 Ha

,HaiTpaBH -

c.

Morro.[(JITHH,

ITOBHHHi

BOHH

rorroBHHMH

ciTe]]iarrhHiCTh

He

po6HTH

.[(e CiJih,

3BiJihHJIJIHCJI

peMiCHHKaMH cTaBarra

Ha

3a<j:>iKCOBa-

ripHHKaM

BapHJIH

COJii,

.[(e

6yrra

Bi.[(

Ha

cirrn;

TaK02K

correBap-

KepaTHHKH

BapHJiaCJI

6oqoK,

12

Ha

ITpOMHcrrax. peMiCHHKa.

COJIJIHa cKa3aHo:

KpiM

Bi.[(po6iTKiB

]]HX

ITpi3BHmeM

ITJiaTHJIH lM

correBapHJI,

300

rp.

ripHHKiB

iHBeHTapi

correBapHi.

6oq3aiTH-

po6HTH

6

ITO

( COJieBapHJIX). y

JIKi

BH.[(06yBaHHi

B

p.

ITOBHHHi

ITJiaTHTH

TaKHM

6aHJIX

peMiCHHKH,

ITpH

1722

KaTeropiro

p.

BiKHa"

Bi.[(

60H.[(api

MaiOTh

KpHHH]]i.

B

BHrOTOBJIJIJIH

KJIIOqa

3YCTpiqa€MO

(KpHHH]]i)

KepaT

3BapHqi

eepcmamo.M.

Mupoc!laB

3.[(e6iJihlliOrO

IJeqeHi2KHHa:

COJieBapHi

3BapHqi

3BapHqiB

6yrrH

60H.[(api

correBapHJIX

BHqHmeHHJI

KpyTHJIH

.[(e

IJeqeHi2KHHCbKOrO

3oKpeMa,

BiKHa"

ITpa]]IOBaJIH JIKi

mKaU,bKUM

XyiJoJJCHUK

6yrro

516rryHiBCbKOMY

. .[(o6yBaHHJI

3a

OC06JIHBO

60H.[(apiB cirrh.

Fyu,yll

3JIOTHX.

iHBeHTapi

ry]]yJihChKHX

peMiCHHKiB, HO,

12

.[(0

.[(0

p03Mi-

ITpOMHCJiaX,

B

COJii.

B

6yrro

ITJiaTHJIH

qfiHlli

peMeCJIO,

Ha

TaK,

IJIO

ITOlliHpeHe

KH

BH-

O.IJ:Jiry.

JIKi

llieCTH

Ha

JIKi

BOBHJIHi

3aiTHC,

.[(BOpy

60H.[(apCbKe

CaHO

TKaqiB,

IJeqeHi2KHHi

TKaqiB,

ITaHCbKOrO pOM

oco6rrHBO

BepxHhoro

p.

fy-

a.[(Bip HJIHIJIHHi,

6araTO

3YCTpiqa€MO

cerrax

qfiMaJIO.

H

ITOJIOTHO .[(JIJI

6y.IJ:yBaMJIHHH,

ITpa]]IOBa-

ITO

fy]]yiThiJIHHi,

.[(OCHTb

po6H

II

me

KociBIJUIHi 6yrro

JIKi

6y.[(HHKH,

correBapHJIX

Ha

]]horo

MeJihHHKH

TeCJIJipaMH.

TecrrJipiB,

.[(BOpH,

125

3

ToM

B

3

mo

po.[(y

2KHTJIOBi

JIH

MJIHH

ITpa]]IOBaB.

cy.[(HTH,

TaKHX JIH

IlpuKapnammR.

.[(HiB IT aHa.

XapaKTaK,

3a


126

Fpa 6oeeu, bKU i1

BoJtoiJuMup

orriicoM

cerrJIH

,!(eKaHaTy,

KorroMIIHChKoro

1768 p.

B

B c.

Mo-

rro,!(JITIIH rrpo2KIIBarrii: 51u;Ko KepaTHIIKiB, <l>e,!(ip

Baciirrh

:IKyrrHIIK,

HIIKOB,

)J,MIITpO

Eo,!(Hap,

:IKyrrHIIqiiH,

OrreKca

Baciirrh

IleTpo

fpiiropiH:

y

lEaH

KepaTHIIKiB,

KepaTHIIKiB,

:IKyrrHIIKiB,

:IKyrr-

bO,!(Hap,

c.

fpiil(hKO

MapKiBu;i

EaHHIIH,

MIIxaH:rro

E aHHIIH, B aciirrh E aHHIIH, )J,MIITpo

EaHHIIH. , PorrHIIKII" BII,!(o6yBarrii pony

,!(rrJI Mall(eHHJI B03iB (Ma2K), COrreBapHIIX ,KepaTiB" TOII(O. 3HaFyu,yJtbCbKUCi BUi!OmOBJleHH5lM XyiJOJICHUK

6oHiJap 60lfOK

3a

XO,!(IIMO 3aiiiiC, ll(O B 1734 p.

iJJt5l

MupocJtaB

COlli.

c.

FamaJteBUlf

KocMaq

rrpii

pOIIII K02KHIIH KiB IIOBIIHeH ,!(aTII IIaHy ,!(OKyMeHTaX CbKIIX

,!(eJIKIIX

po6oTaX,

peMiCHIIKiB,

Ha3BaHO

i3 ryu;yrrhChKIIX cerrJIH, Ha

rraHiB Ha

iHrni

3a Mi3epHy

TepiiTOpil IIpOMIICrrii,

MeHTaX.

TaK,

,Bi,!(pO pOIIII".

BIIJIBrreHo

2KIIH,

,!(e

Ilpo

IIi3Hirne

Marra BerriiKIIH

IJ,e

Ha

pi3HIIX

rreprni

6yrrii

IIOlliiipeHi,

HIIX

Marro

3ra,!(y€TbCJI

3arriic,

mo

B cepe,!(IIHi

rrpo

3arri3oo6po6HIIH

peMiCHIIKII.

rrpal(IOBarrii

IIaH-

po6iTHIIKII

rra,!(y rrpal(IOBarrii

orrrraTy.

6irrJI 516rryHoBa Ha3IIBarrocJI BIIBaBcJI

JIKi

B YMOBaX <j:>eo,!(arrhHOrO

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII arre

3 llieCTII pOIIHII-

Ba2KrriiBO IIi,!(KpecrriiTII, ll(O B

,po6iTHIIKaMII".

JIKi

B

BII,!(o6yBaHHi

correBapiHHJI,

XVIII cT.

ypoqiime

,raMapHoiO". QqeBIIJl:HO, Korriich TYT po3IIpOMIICerr,

rro,!(i6Hi

KpiM

B iCTOpiiqHifX ,!(OKy-

raMapHi

BII,!(06yBarrii

i3

IIOIIIIT y 3axi,!(HiH

i,

Ma6yTh,

3ra,!(KII

COCHII, €Bporri.

y

CBOl

raMapHi

3arriicax rrpo

IJeqeHi-

Jirriil(i,

6yrrii

CMepeK

CMorry,

BII,!(06yTOK CMOrrii,

ll(O

IIOTarny

6yB IIOlliiipeHIIH i B iHlliliX OKOrriil(JIX fyu;yrrhll(IIHII. Y ,!\pyriH: IIOrrOBIIHi

XVII

cT.

CKrroBapiHHJI

3ra,!(y€ThCJI 3YMOBIIrro

B

Jl:OKyMeHTax

rroJIBY

Ta cirrhChKOrOCIIO,!(apCbKa IIpOJl:YKl(iJI, Ha

Toprax

,!(OCJirrrii

JipMapKax

,!(OCIITb

3HaqHoro

,cKrrJIHa

crreu;iarrhHIIX

ryu;yrrhChKIIX p03BIITKy.

peMiCHifqi MicT,

ryTa"

peMiCHIIKiB.

JIKi

BIIp06II B

B

KocoBi.

CorreBapHa Marrii

IIOIIIIT

XVII-XVIII

cT.


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

3. MicTa Po3BIITOK rpOIIIOBIIX rrpau;i

IIpO!J:YKTIIBHIIX

Bi):(HOCIIH

-

BIIJIBIIJIOCJI

y

Hi i

ryu;yJihCbKOMY

-

rrpou;ec

tt

rrepiiiitt

IIOJIBi

XVII HOBi

pe€cTpiB

MicTa -

XVIII cT. i

BIIHIIKHeHHIO

cirr

€TbCJI

B

36yBarracJI

i

)J,OCIITb

Ha

KyTII

IIicTIIHh,

(Ha rarriiU:hKitt

IIpiiBiJiel Bill: MaiOTb

rrocerrJIJIIICJI,

rrpii

OCi):(aTII

B2Ke

i

c.

,IIIKOJIII JIII

a6o

TOrO

BII2KHIIBcnoro

BIIIIa):(KOBO,

O):(He

i3 HaHCTa-

rrorroBIIHi

XVII

cT.

B JJ:pyritt

OCKiJihKII

rrpiil2K!J:2KIIM

BIIp06JieHa TYT

KyTII

y

CiJih

3ra):(y-

IIIIIpOKO

correToproBU:JIM.

BIIHIIKHeHHJI

BCJIKOrO

MiCT

1716

p.

CTaHy

rrpaBo

,CTapiiii"

602KHIII(i",

IIOJIOBIIHY

Eoropo):(qaHII, a B

KyTII

6yrro

II eqeHi2KIIH.

reTbMaHoM

3acHoBaHe

Hocii-

MicTo.

Y

1715 p. CKa3aHO, II(O B HOBOOCa):(2KeHOMY MiCTi

Ha):(aBarrocJI

o6IIpaJIIICb

peBi3il

CIIpiiJIJIII 6ypXJIIIBIIH p03BII-

He

perriril

IOTbCJI Ha rr'JITb poKiB Bill: ycix IIO):(aTKiB.

II(OpiqHQ

aKTax

3aKaprraTChKitt H qacTIIHi).

i

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

iCTOpiJI

18 JIIIIIHJI

rrpaBO

6yrro

MiCT.

Micu;eBIIM,

IloTOU:hKIIM,

B

fyu;yrrhll(IIHi),

3ri):(HO 3 rrpiiBirre€M, Ha):(aHIIM BeJIIIKIIM KopoHHIIM <j:>oM

fyu;yrrhll(IIHi

XVII cT., KpiM cTapiix, 3ra):(y-

MiCTeqKo,

l(iKaBa

2KIITTJI.

poKiB

HOBIIX MiCT

JIK

mo

l(eHTpiB

60-70-x

YToporrii

aKTaX

JIK

36irrhiiiiirrocJI.

TOK COJieBapiHHJI Ta o6MiH TOBapiB. piiiiiiX

MiCT

Ha):(BipHa), TO B ):(pyritt IIOJIOBII-

YToporrii, 516rryHiB,

):(eCJITb

po3IIO):(irry

rocrro):(apcTBa,

qlfcrro

(Ha 6yKoBIIHChKitt

HaJiiqyBaJIOCJI

cycrrirrhHoro

1x

IleqeHi2KIIH,

PaxoBo

TOBapHO-

XVII cT.

rrorroBIIHi

cepe):(IIHi XVIII

rro):(aTKOBIIX

KpaiO,

HOBIIX

KYJihTypHoro

KiJihKa MiCT (KociB, )J,eJIJITIIH,

IOThCJI

U:JI

y

CTapiiX

rrorriTIIqHoro

B XVI

51Kmo JIIIIIIe

CIIJI

peMecrra Bill: cerrJIHChKoro

3Mil(HeHHi

eKoHoMiqHoro,

127

ryu,yJihiiJ,UHU

IIOrJIII6JIIOBae

Bi):(oKpeMrreHHJI

3

i

MaTH

JIIO):(II,

€BpeJIM cBitt

6yB ):(aHIIH

YPJI!l:

a6o

lM ):(03BiJI

JIKa 3BiJihHJIJiaCb Bill: IIO):(aTKiB.

qifHIIIY,

II(O

lX

O):(HOBipu;i

B

JIKi

3BiJihHJI-

BipMeHaM, II(O TYT ,Kararr",

):(e

Ha CTBOpeHHJI €Bpel IIJiaTII-

MiCTaX

CTaHiCJiaBi,

fopo):(eHu;i. IleqeHi2KIIH !J:O iHBeHTapi 2KIIHa i MOCTII

rroqaTKY XVIII

IleqeHi2KIIHCbKOrO

cT.

KJIIOqa

6yB

cerroM.

3a3HaqeHO,

Jliiiiie II(O

B

1722

CeJIJIHII

p.

y

IleqeHi-

Morro):(JITIIHa rroBIIHHi IIIapBapKOBIIMII po6oTaMII ,HarrpaBJIJITII 6iJIJI

MiCTeqKa",

a

B

IIOCTaHOBi

faJIIIl(bKOrO

CeHMIIKY

Bill:

20


130

BoJtoiJuMup

Y

MeHIIIIIX

IJiCTIIHi B

-

l(eHTpi,

a

Ha

rrepeBaJKHO piiHKY

MiCTeqKaX

6araTi

MOJKHi

OKpalHaX

rrpan;IOBarrii

MaJIII

CBOl

BOHII

CKaJKiMo,

liK

TO

Ha

CJiaBIIJIIICli

Ha,!(BipHa, MiCTeqKaX

BIIp06HIII(TBi IIOKa30BO

crren:iarri3yBaJIIICh ChKOl BOJIOCTi,

rro

Ha

,!(eCliTh

KYIIIHipiB,

KOBaJii,

qQTIIpii

peMiCHIIKII

HarrpiiKJia,!(, ,!(e

i

KBapTaJIII

CeJiliHII,

B

liKi

YToporrax

rrpal(IOBaJIII

Ha

qoTIIpii

Cli

peMeCJIOM O,!(IIH

Ha

He3a-

BeJIIIKa

pi3Hi

IIIKipliHi

KocoBi

IIIiCTb

6yrro

KiJihKiCTb

KYIIIHipaM

BYJIIIU:i

XY,!(06II

BIIp06II: Ta

Ha

BJKe

TKal(TBO,

,!(Ba

IIpOMIICJIII

iHBeHTapli

Tpii

Bi,!(

CTaTyl

23

O,!(IIH

12

JKIIJIII Ha

KociB-

Tpii

CJIIOCap,

3BapiiqiB,

MocKarriBn;i O,!(IIH

,!(0

TKaqi,

60H,!(api,

MaJilip,

IIIeBI(i,

iH. 3

He 3B aJK aiO qlf Ha y

XVII-XVIII

BaJIO

6araTO

Ha cT.

O,!(lir,

KOJIIICh roHqapi, i

TKaJIII n;e

,!(aBaJia

BII,!(iB

,!(Ba

3aH:Marrii-

KYIIIHip,

O,!(IIH

Ha

XX

1753

rrriiHliHIIH

cT.,

Hel

3Bapiiqi

Y

BIIp06HIII(TBO,

rroqaTKY

3

KeiiTapi,

rrpoJKIIBarrii

cirrh.

BIIpo6rrliJIII

roHqapCbKe

XIX

KOJKYXII,

BoHII

rrpo,!(yKyBarracb

60

3arOTOB-

BIIp06JiliTII

CTaHOBIIJIII

corri.

BOBHliHi

BIIIIa,!(KOBO,

MOJKJIIIBiCTb

rrepeBaJKHO

Bi,!(COTOK

liKi

IIOJIOTHO, He

XY,!(06II

BIIpo6HIIU:TBa

,!(e

B

liKi

KociBIIJ;IIHi

3HaqHifll

KYIIIHipCTBO

XVIII

TKaqiB,

pi3HIIX

qoTIIpii

po3BIITKY y

O,!(IIH

A

peMiCHII-

lX

rrpoJKIIBarro

roHqapi,

BYJIIIU:i

a

BYJIIII(IO

p.

KYIIIHipiB.

BepXHiH

peMiCHIIKII

rroqaTKaMII

Tpii

MeJihHIIK.

6yrro

3

MoHaCTIIpChKiH:, 6yrro

crren;iarri3yBa-

KocoBi:

3a ,!(aHIIMII

1753

B

B

rrepe,!(MiCTi,

OXOIIJIIOBaJIO

TKaqiB,

peMiCHIIqiiMII

MiiiJ;aH

peMeCJIO

Ha

TeCJilip,

TaKOJK

IIIKipy

T06iBKII

BeJIIIKoro

OJl:IIH

BiJl:OMIIMII

CiJihChKOrOCIIO,!(apCbKOl IIpOJl:YKU:il.

MoHaCTIIpChKiH:

HaH:6iJihiiie

JiliTII

JKYIIHIIKII

liKe

IIIeBI(iB,

TKaqi,

qifMaJIO

qepeCII,

i

ciMeH:

O,!(IIH

6yrrii

0,!(HaK

BIIp06HIII(TBa.

pi3HIIK.

6aqiiMO,

BIIp06II,

TaK

BYJIIIU:liX.

145

p03BIITKY

rOCIIO,!(apCTBO

IIOIIIIIpeHe

oKpeMIIX

rr'liTh

piBHeM

KyTII,

OCHOBHOMY

KpaMapi,

KorrecHIIK.

CBOlM

B

cepe,!(

JKYIIHIIKII,

roHqap,

COJii,

6yrro

rrepe,!(MiCTi,

MoHaCTIIpCbKoro,

0TJKe,

CBOl

CBOlMII peMiCHifqlfMII BIIpo6aMII.

BIICOKIIM

iHIIIIIX

30Cepe,!(JKyBaJIIICb

JIK

Eoropo,!(qaHax,

MaJIII

KYIIU:i-JIIIXBapi,

KociB,

B

HaH:6iJihiii

OJl:IIH

y6ori

correBapHliX. COJii

Bi,!(3HaqaJIIICli

liKIIJ;O

l(eHTpaMII,

KII

Ha

TaKOJK

ryn;yrrii.

BCi

JIOCb

YToporrax,

yrrpaBIITeJii

IIpOJKIIBaJIII

CKJia,!(II

MicTa fyn;yJihiiJ;IIHII He

fyn;yJihiiJ;IIHII

BepCTBII,

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

liKe

clira€

p.

Ha B

rrocy,!(. Ha6yrro CBOlMII

cT. rrpiirHiqeHHli 6yrra

KYIIIHipiB,

BrracHIIKaMII

3HaqHIIM

qifH6apiB,

JKIITerriB

peMiCHIIqiiM

KpaBI(iB.

IHIIIi

MicTa,

n;eHTpoM.

TyT

peMiCHIIKII

-

Ha,!(Biprrpan;IOKOTJili-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

pi,

MyJmpi -

6oH.IJ:api,

uj!O

He JIIIIIIe

Kaprra TTi.

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

o6cnyroByBaJIII

Ha MiCl(eBOMY piiHKY,

131

3

MicTo,

a

tt

3aMoK,

36yBaJIII

p03B03IIJIII

rrpo.IJ:yK-

ITO BCbOMY

H arrpiiKJia.IJ:, MiCl(eBi KOTJIJipi BIIp06JIJIJIII Ka3aHII,

Ilpii-

KOTJIII .IJ:JIJI

BIIHOKypeHb, 6poBapiB, a 60H.IJ:api 3a6e3rreqyBaJIII CBOlMII BIIpo6aMII JIK rraHChKIItt

.IJ:Bip,

IIaciqHitt

i

TaK

Micu;eBi

HaBiTh 3aB03IIJIII

Oco6JIIIBO

BIICOKOIO

Ha.IJ:BipHJIHChKi

coneBapHi

JIKiCTIO

Ha.IJ:BipHitt,

BIIroTOBJieHHJI

KpaBl(i,

KYIIIHipi

B

peMicHIIqy rrpO.IJ:YKU:iiD

JIKi

MaJIII

PociJihHitt,

B iHIIIi

rrpO.IJ:YKU:il CBOl

Micu;JI. cnaBIIJIIICJI

l(eXII.

Hatt6iJihiii

HarJIJI.IJ:HO M02KHa .IJ:OBi.IJ:aTIICJI rrpo lX opraHi3al(i!O, rrpaBa, o6oB'JI3KII i po6oTy

3i

CTaTyTy KYIIIHipCbKOrO

raMeHTi

ttoro

CKJiaJIII

u;exy.

KYIIIHipi

BiH

6yB

Ha.IJ:BipHOl

HaiiiiCaHIIH 3a

Ha rrep-

3pa3KOM

CTaTyTy

Y CTaTyTi He BKa3yBaJIOCJI Ha eK3aMe-

KYIIIHipCbKOrO u;exy B faJIIIqi.

HII TIIX IIi.IJ:MaHCTpiB, IIIO HaBqaJIIICJI y KYIIIHipiB iHIIIIIX MiCT IIpOTJirOM TpbOX

poKiB.

CIIHII

i

JIIIIIIe

IIIO

rrpaBO IIIe

y

MaHCTpii

CIIJiaqyBaB

rpOIIIOBIIH

BHeCOK,

a

Beqopii.

BII6opii Bo,

KaH.IJ:II.IJ:aT

MaHCTpiB IIpii O.IJ:ep2KaHHi rrpaBa MaHCTpiB BJiaiiiTOByBaJIII

3JITi

cTapiiiiiX

o6IIpaTII

tt

u:exy

Ha.IJ:BipHJIHChKi

B

3aKOHOM,

(u:exMattcTpiB)

KYIIIHipi

CTapiiiiiM

IIpiiBaTHOMY

u;exy

MiCTi,

IIOJICHIO€TbCJI TIIM,

rrpoxo.IJ:IIJIII

yKpalHl(JI. .IJ:e

IIIO

IIIOPOKY.

Ha rroqaTKY XVIII

IIIe

BOJIJI

ll,e

cT.

BIIHJITKOBe

MarHaTiB

ll,iKa-

36epiranii JIBIIIIIe

KyporraTBiB

Ta

6yna

B u;exy 6iJihiiiiCTb MaHCTpiB CTaHO-

BIIJIII yKpalHl(i, a BJiaCHIIKII MiCTa MYCIIJIII 3 l(IIM MIIpiiTIICb, OCKiJihKII Ha.IJ:BipHa 3HaXO.IJ:IIJiaCJI 3a6e3rreqyBaJIIICJI 3aKyiioByBaJIII 11 y KO.IJ:2KaJIII Hipi

KYIIIHipi

OKpeMy

y

IIOCTiHHIIX .IJ:iH

CIIpOBIIHOIO

ryu;yniB-BiBqapiB.

KYIIIHipi 3i

BBeJIII

rrepiiiOCTi

B pattoHi

Ha

OIIpiiiiiKiB.

MiCl(eBOMY

piiHKY,

.IJ:e

A OCKiJihKII lM B l(bOMY rrepeiii-

CTaHIICJiaBOBa i JliiCl(JI, TO Ha.IJ:BipHJIHChKi KYIIICTaTTIO

3aroTiBJii

B

CTaTyT,

CIIpOBIIHII

3a

JIKOIO

BOHII

MaJIII

rrpaBO

Ha lipMapKy.

Y u:exax rrpau;10Bano Bi.IJ: qoTIIphox .IJ:O 36 MattcTpiB, BenacJI rocTpa COl(iaJibHa

6opOTb6a.

B

yqHiB Ta lXHiX 6aThKiB TaK,

CTerraH

CaBqyK,

Hitt,

3aJIBIIB

Ha

,3aCTaBJIJIB 3ri.IJ:HO TaqaM,

3i

CiHO

JIKIItt

CY.IJ:i

B

KHIIrax

p.,

IIIO

Ilo.IJ:i6Hi

II03al(eXOBIIM

CKapr

Ha.IJ: HIIMII.

peMecna B Ha.IJ:Bip-

MaHCTep BIIIIa.IJ:KII

6araTO

3HYIIIaHHJI

ttoro

He

TpaiiJIJIJIIICJI

peMiCHIIKaM,

3a6opOHJIJIOCJI .IJ:iCTaBaTII

IIpO.IJ:aBaTII CBOl BIIp06II

3HaXO.IJ:IITbCJI

3 IIpiiBO.IJ:Y

HaBqaBcJI TKal(bKoro

1700

rpoMa.IJ:IITII".

CTaTyTOM,

cyBopo

MiChKIIX

Ha MaHCTpiB

CIIpOBIIHY

B Ha.IJ:BipHitt Ta 11 OKOJIIII(i.

TaK

BqlfB,

a

qacTO.

3BaHIIM

rrap-

BIIrOTOBJIJITII Ta

Y

17 rraparpa<j:>i


132

BoJtoiJuMup

KYIIIHipCbKOrO B

TOMY

MiCTi",

3a6paTII Y

i

M.

B

Bi,[(

CBO€

,[(O

MiCTi,

TKaqi,

3

2Karrh,

Y

peMeCeJI,

,pi3Hi

JIKIIMII

l(eXaM

u:exii

BIIpo6iB.

CaMe

3aKyrroByBarrii

Y

M. B2Ke

u;i,

TKaqi,

TaKi

2K

TaK,

rrpal(IOBaJIII

JIIICJI

,[(Ba

MYCIIB

JIOIO,

MJIIIHi

Ha

,BIIKOpMIITII

3a

Micu;eBi

cirrn"

B

Ha

CBOl

Te2K

piK.

3ri,[(HO

opraHi3y-

IIIIBOBapHoro

l(eXOBi

6yJIII

Ha

Harral.

CTaTyTII.

pi3Hi

BipMeHChKi

BIIp06HIIl(TBi

ripCbKIIX KocoBi,

BJiaCHIIX

rr'JITb

BIIrOTOBJIJITII

IIOJibChKi,

KyTax,

y

-

Bi,[(oMocTett.

1716)

(

HIIX

BIIHJITKOM

rrpaBO

2KO,[(HIIX

3arOTOBJIJIJIII y

Ha

3

,[(03BOJIJIJIOCJI

rrpaBa

yKpalHChKi,

KYIIIHipii,

6ot!:HJIX

Mill(aIIIKipJI-

ryu;yJihChKIIX KorroMIIl, i

B

BII,[(II

cerrax

CHJITIIHi,

CBOlX MaHCTep-

carr'JIH. po3BIIBarrocJI

6oH,[(api,

3

XVI

MeJihHIIKII,

KYIIIHipii

rrpau;IOBarrii KHIIr

KYIIIHipii,

MicTa

YToporrax, CiJih,

KaMeHIO

JIKiCHO

cT.

1662

Y

cTeJibMaxii,

o6po6JIJIJIII

p.

KpaB-

IIIKypy

K02KYXII.

y

30BHiiiiHhOl TopriBrri. HeBi,

ITO

p.

crreu;iarri3yBaJIIICJI

peMiCHIIU:TBO

rpo,[(ChKIIX

fyu;yrrhChKi

3HaXO,[(JITb-

BO,[(JIHOMY

piK

yKpa-

<j:>eo,[(aJihHi

JIKi

Ha

6oqoK

MaB

KyTII

pi3aJIII lX y

peMiCHIIKII 3

CJii,[(

PeMiCHIIKII

piK

3a

l(eXII"

Ma€MO

BIICOKOJIKiCHIIH

KOBaJii.

Ha

1766

B

,[(aBaJIOCJI

JipMapKax

BiBl(i,

rrp au;IOBarrii

BIIrOTOBJIJIJIII

rrax.

BOHII

)J,errJITIIHi

TYT

HIIX

BCJIKi

,Pi3HIIKII,

peMiCHIIKiB,

300

He

MiCTi

HIIX

Ha

CiM

MiCTa,

He

a6o

K03II,

po6IIJIII

rrpe,[(CTaBHIIKaMII

piK".

JIKIItt

,po6IIJIII

3atl:MaJIIICJI

BIIrOTOBJIJIJIII

Ha

peMiCHifqi

3,[(e6iJihiiiOrO

BII2KHIII(i

B

€BpettcbKoro.

BIIKOHyBaJIII

XY,[(06II

6yrro

MiCTeqKa

BipMeHII

HJIX

i

-

3aiiiiCaHO:

M'Jica

p.

JIKi

HOB03aCHOBaHOMY

HII.

IIOJie

p.

MeJihHIIK,

1722

2KIITeJiiB

u;i

He

IIpO,[(YKU:iiO

6yJIII

KpaBu;i

pi3aHHJI

3aCHyBaHHJI

rrpo

,rrapTaqi

Berrpa"

B

i

TeCJIJipi i

BOJIII,

1738

Bi,[(

HoBOOpraHi30BaHIIM Ha

IIIeBl(i,

rrpau;IOBaB

6paTCTBO

HiXTO

II(06

BIIJIBIIJIIICJI,

pi3HIIKII

,[(Bopa

Ha

CKa3aHO,

TaKi

KaBaJIKOBi

,[(Ba 60H,[(api,

IIpiiBiJie€M

BaTII

a

Bi,[(,[(aiOTb ITO

IJeqeHi2KIIHi i

6

6yrro

IIITpa<j:>OM.

iHBeHTapi

KaMeHJIX

TKaqiB 3

B

rraHChKoro Y

KOJIII

rOCIIO,[(apCTBO,

XY,[(06II

,[(BOX

a

HacerreHHJI,

IIOBIIHHOCTi. CJI

BIIpa3HO

IIOKapaTII

516rryHeBi

lHCbKOrO MaJIII

u;exy

Fpa 6oeeu, bJW i1

pi3Hi

3a

pi3HIIK,

XVII-XVIII B

KocoBi,

IIicTIIHi,

B

Eoropo,[(qaHax,

1664

cT.

BIIp06II.

KOBaJib,

6yrrii

KyTax,

IIicTIIHi,

,[(i3Ha€MOCJI,

TeCJIJI,

IJeqeHi2KIIHi

peMiCHifqi

p.

B

YTopo-

YToporrax

MeJibHIIK.

u;eHTpaMII

Ha,[(BipHitt, Ha

mo

Micu;eBIIX

Hatt6iJihiiiiiH

BHyTpiiiiHhOl

)J,errJITIIHi, piiHKax IIOIIIIT

516rry-

rrpo,[(aBa6yB

Ha


ImocmpoeaHa poraTy

icmopi5l

Xy):(o6y,

BIIp06HIIl(TBa,

XVIII

KY

qepe3

i

porrh

cT.,

BiBl(i,

i

ocKiJihKII

Kyrru;i a

BiHCbKa.

II(OpiqHo

Ba,

JliiCU:JI,

Ha

H:

i

TOprax IIIKipOIO,

Yropll(IIHII,

BIIHaMII,

BIIHaMII

OcKiJihKII JIK

y

oB eqiiMII i

BIIp06II

i

3i

CYKHO

1x

Cxi):(

CTaHl(iH.

Kyrru;i

i3

CTaHicrra-

Yropll(IIHII,

ToproBeJihHi

3

Yropll(IIHOIO. pii60IO,

3aB03IIJIIICJI

OBeqiiMII

BeJIIIKIIH

IIOIIIIT,

KYIIIHipiB.

cyK-

CIO):(II

i

K03JI-

IIIIIpOKO

BeJIIIKIIX

CIO):(II

3

Oco6rriiBO

BIIHaMII,

3aB03IIJIIICJI

3

1698-1764 pp.,

CiJIJIIO,

JIKi

Morr):(aBil 3B'JI3KII

CTaHIIcrraBoBa.

TKaqiB,

JIKi

Ha

rri):(cTepirarrii

II(OTIIJKHeBi TOprii.

TOpryBaJIII

Marro

MiCl(eBIIX

Ha rroqaT-

MIITHIIX

JlbBOBOM,

JlbBOBa,

BIIHaMII,

p03-

3 Yropll(IIHII

Micu;eBi opeH):(api, JIKi TpiiMaJIII MOHOIIOJiiiO Ha TOpriBCTeJKIIJIII

3a

IIIIIHKapJIMII,

II(06 Ti

He TOpryBaJIII

):(03BOJiy.

KYIIIHipcTBO

KocoBi

i

Ilorrnmi,

piiHOK CYKHOM,

IlpiiBi3He

IIIIJihHO

6e3 lX

3

lipMapKaX

Ilorrnmi,

Ha6parra TOpriBJIJI

i 3aKaprraTTJI. JIIO

):(e

3 pi3HIIX cirr,

a TaKOJK TOBapaMII,

Ha):(BipHJIHChKIIH

peaJii30ByBaJIIICJI MipiB

MiCl(eBoro

Yropll(IIHII

3a ):(aHIIMII pe€CTpiB KHIIr

MiCl(eBIIX

IIIKypaMII.

TYT 6yrro

rri):(TpiiMyBarrii

TopryBarrii

CJiaBIIBCJI

JIK

XVII -

i3

Morr):(aBiiO,

rocTi

Kyrru;i

Ha):(BipHo1 JKBaBo

Morr):(aBil,

qifMII

qepe3

ryu;yrrii

a

Ha):(BipHJIHChKi

HOM, XY):(060IO,

TOBapii

HarrpiiKiHu;i

MeHIIIe

6araTbMa MiCTaMII faJIIfqlfHII. Kyrru;i

TaKOJK

IIpOBO):(IIJIIICb ):(Ba lipMapKII

He TiJihKII

CorroTBIIHa i

a

rrpo6IIparriicJI

He

CIO!J:II rrpii6yBarrii

Pocil.

KOHi,

133

3

IIpiiBe3eHi.

IIOJibChKi

MiCTi

ToM

Ha):(BipHo1 3pocrra

Ha):(BipHJIHII(IIHY,

TaTapii Y

K03II, TaK

Oco6rriiBO

IlpuKapnammR.

6yrro

KyTax,

KO 3JiqiiMII

IIIIIpoKo

BerracJI

IIIKYP aM II,

po3BIIHyTe,

rroJKBaBrreHa 6 a p aH aM II,

TO

B

TopriBJIJI

Ha):(BipHiH:, CMYIIIKaMII,

BiBU:JIMII. TyT 6yrrii

Kyrru;i

peMiCHIIKII i3 CTaHiCJiaBa, JliiCl(JI, JIKi 3arOTOBJIJIJIII ):(JIJI CBOlX l(eXiB

CIIpOBIIHY. Y Ta,

Ha):(BipHiH: a

TaKoJK

MarHaTaMII

II JKIIBe

cpi6rro,

3aB03IIBCJI

CIO):(II

rrpo):(aBarrii xrri6,

mo

KyporraTBaMII.

B

lipMapKOBi

Kapi CIIOIOBaJIII ):(eJIKIIX KYIIU:iB, qaCTO

Ha):(BipHJIHChKi KYIIU:i

TJI

CTaHIIcrraBiB,

Bi):(OMe i3

6iJihiiie

IIO):(iJihChKIIX

JIK OTpyMa€TKiB

i TOproBi ):(Hi TyTeiiiHi IIIIIH-

HaJKIIBaJIIICJI Ha BCJIKIIX

,Moropiiqax".

rrepeceJIJIJIIICJI B iHIIIi MiCTa IlpiiKaprraT-

KorroMIIIO,

Jliiceu;h,

):(e

6yrrii

Kpami

yMoBII

):(JIJI

TOpriBJii. IlyrrncyBarro rax i

ToproBeJibHe

JKIITTJI

piqHifX lipMapKaX TKaqi,

peMiCHifqi

BIIp06II,

a

ryu;yrrii

B

KocoBi.

KYIIIHipi, 3

TyT Ha Micu;eBIIX Top-

roHqapi,

Bi):():(aJieHIIX

IIIeBl(i

cirr

36yBaJIII

IIpO):(aBaJIII

CBOl CBOIO


134

BoJtoiJuMup

5IpMapoK

B

cepeiJHbOBilfHOMY XyiJ.

xy.n:o6y,

rrepeBa2KHO

IIIIIHKaX. Y

MupocJtaB

oBel(h

MicmelfKY

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

Ymoponax.

ramaJteBUlf

Ki3.

fopinqaHi

Hanoi"

rrpo.n:aBaniicJI

1753 p. B aKTaX 3ra.IJ:y€TbCJI rrpo qoTIIpbOX IIIIIHKapiB.

Y

MicTeqKax

YToporrax,

IIicTIIHi

qacTKOBO

B

M.

KocoBi

Toprax rrpo.n:aBanacJI cinh Micu;eBIIM i rrpiil2K.IJ:2KIIM KYIIU:JIM. IIIIIpoKoro niicJI

po3Maxy rrpo.n:a2K coni

coneToproBu;i

PJIHIIIIIHII. TOHHII

Y

3Bi.IJ:TII

coni

KBapTany

Ha

3 pi3HIIX IIpiil3.IJ:IInii

YKpai"Hy.

cena

Ha6IIpaB

cin TaK

,IJ:o

3BaHi

cnoro.n:Hi

Ha

Hapo.n:i

Ha.n:.n:Hirr-

JIKi

BIIB03IInii

36epernacJI

Ha3Ba

PIIHOK.

fyu;ynhiiiiiHi

Eonrapil,

ABcTpiL

KORell

Mon.n:aBil Ta

i3

B

3YCTpiqa-

IIo.n:innJI,

KOnOMIIlll(i,

Ha

Oco6niiBO

B YToporrax, .n:e

IlpiiKaprraTTJI,

KyTax cnaBIIniicJI TopriBneJO

rryBanii

B

xy.n:o6y,

BipMeHII

BipMeHChKi

KORell

TpaHcrropTyBanii

TypeqqifHII

y

rroceneHu;i.

BoHII

KY-

rrpo.n:aBanii 1x B YropiiiiiHi,

Bi.n:eHh

BeniiKIIMII HaBiTh

rrapTiJIMII

EaBapiJO.

A

3aB03IInii CIO.IJ:II 3ani3o, IIIOBKII, TKaHIIHII i BIIHa. Y l(bOMY lM 3HaqHo .IJ:OIIOMarano 3HaHHJI iH03eMHIIX MOB. 3a .IJ:aHIIMII .IJ:03BOnJinOCJI

KOponiBCbKOrO MaTII

rrpoBO.IJ:IITII IIIOPOKY

.IJ:Ba

IIpiiBineJO,

TII2KHeBi

TOprii

y (y

IJeqeHi2KIIHi BiBTOpOK

B

1766

p.

rr'JITHIII(!O),

12 JipMapKiB ,3ri.n:Ho 3 pychKIIM KaneH.n:apeM". Y

IIpiiBinel CKa3aHO, IIIO TOprii ll lipMapKII .IJ:a!OTbCJI ,Ha BiqHi qacii", .n:e


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

.[(03BOJIJIJIOCJI HOrO

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

135

3

,IIpli6yBaTII, TOpryBaTli, MiHJITli

Ha 36i2K2KJI JIIO.[(JIM pi3-

CTaHy".

CTaTyc

MicT

y

XVII-XVIII

cT.

Bli3HaqaBcJI

3araJihHliM

rrono2KeH-

HJIM, xapaKTepHliM .[(JIJI Bci€1 Peqi IIocrroJIHToL IIornHpeHHJI <j:>iJihBapKOBo-rraHlliliHHOl CliCTeMli

3By2KyBaJIO

KyiiiBeJibHY

CIIpOM02KHiCTh,

pliHKax Bee MeHrne 6yno rrpO.IJ:YKrril MicrreBoro peMecna i a

BCe

rre

3YMOBJIIOBaJIO 3aHeiia.[( eKOHOMiKli

Ha

rrpoMHCJiiB,

MiCT.

0.[(HaK Ha fYrrYJihlliliHi, .[(e 6yna Bi.IJ:CYTHJI fiJI CliCTeMa lliJIJIXeTCbKOro rOCIIO.[(apiOBaHHJI, p03BliTOK TBapliHHliiiTBa, COJieBapiHHJI, o6po6Ka .[(epeBa Ta MliCJIOBi

iHrni

BapHo-rpOlliOBi )l:JIJI

Ha

Bi.[(HOCliHli

XVli-XVlll

Ma€ cT.

MaJiliX

MiCT,

3a

MelliKaHrriB. €Bpel i JiyHiB,

KociB,

peani3oByBaTH

rrpo-

II02KBaBJIIOBaJiliCJI TO-

p03BliTKY MiCT

HapO.[(OHaCeJieHHJI.

KOHrreHTparriero

M icTa

HaceneHHJI

fYrrYJih-

oco6JiliBO

He

XapaKTepHoro pHcoro 6yna a6coJIIOTHa rrepeBaIIp02KliBaJIO

HarriOHaJibHliM

BipMeHli.

rrpoMHCJili,

.[(e

0T2Ke,

corriaJihHO-eKoHoMiqHoro

IIliTaHHJI 3a

M02KJiliBiCTh

pliHKaX.

KpaiO.

aHani3y

3HaqeHHJI

Bi.IJ:pi3HJIJiliCJI Bi.IJ: cin. ra

.[(aBaJIH

MicrreBliX

BliBqeHHJI

Ba2KJiliBe lliliHli

rrpoMHCJili

TOBapli

Bi.[(

KiJihKOX

CKJia.[(OM

rre

€Bpel KOHrreHTpyBaJiliCJI

Ha.IJ:BipHa,

rrepeBa2KHO

KyTH),

COTeHb 6yJili

.[(0

.[(BOX

yKpalHrri,

B IIpliBaTHliX MiCTaX

3aH:MaJIHCJI TopriBnero,

coneBapHi.

TliCJiq

IIOJIJIKli,

BoHR

BliKOHyBaJIH

(516-

opeH.[(yBaJIH pi3HOMaHiTHi

rocrro.[(apchKi <j:>yHKrril, 6ynH KYIIrrJIMli, KpaMapJIMli, a TaK02K rrocepe.IJ:HliKaMH

-

3aHMaJiliCJI

<j:>aKTopaMH TOpriBJieiO

i i

opeH.[(apJIMli.

BipMeHH

Blip06HliiiTBOM

carr'JIHY.

MernKaJIH

A.IJ:MiHicTpaTHBHo-rrpaBoBi Bi.IJ:HOCliHli MicT IleqeHi2KliH, BaJIHCJI XVIII

Ha cT.

Bli3HaqaJIH

OCHOBi

Mar.[(e6yp3bKOrO

IlpHBine1, rrpaBa i

Bli.[(aHi

rrpaBa,

KopoJIJIMli

rroBHOBa2KeHHJI

a6o

liKe

BOHli

KyTH 6y.IJ:YO.[(ep2KaJili

BJiaCHHKaMH

HJI o6HpaJIO MaricTpaT, KY.IJ:li BXO.[(liJili 6yproMiCTp MaricTpaTChKa pa.[(a 3aH:ManacJI rocrro.[(apcbKliMli rrpaBaMH

3.IJ:iilcHIOBana <l>aKTliqHo

MicT.

BiH:T

3

naBHHKaMH

cy.[(oBi

<j:>yHKrril.

MiChKe

yrrpaBJiiHHJI

rrHX

MiChKliX ypJI.IJ:iB-MaricTpaTiB.

rreH: <j:>aKT BKa3y€ Ha rrpaBOBY <j:>eo.[(aJibHY 3aJie2KHiCTh MiCT.

Mli

B KyTax,

TBOpliB

y

MicT, Y2Ke

HaceJieH-

pa.[(HliKli (paH:rri). H: a.[(MiHicTpaTHBHlicy.[(oBy

naBy,

IIOBliHHO 6yno o6HpaTliCJI BCiM

JIKa

Ha-

CeJieHHJIM, TO 6To peMiCHHKaMH, KYIIrrJIMli Ta iHrnliMli 2KliTeJIJIMli. II poT e B MicTax fYrrYJihfiiliHli

rrpoTJiroM XVII-XVIII cT.

Ha TopriBni i

MHcnax 36araTHJiacb rpyrra BIIJiliBOBoro rraTpHrriaTy,

rrepeBa2KHO

rrpoiHo-


136

BoJtoiJuMup

3eMHoro,

KaTOJIIIU:hKoro.

Ta MaiOqlf

orropy

IIi.IJ:IIOpli.IJ:KYBaJia TiBChKi 5J:KII(O

qy

CXO.IJ:IIHKY

co6i

IIOCi.IJ:aJIII

Mill(aH

MaHCTpii, IIIJIJIXTa,

i

B

qifMaJIIIM

6araTCTBOM,

l(eHTpaJibHOMY

CaMoyrrpaBJiiHHJI,

BepxiBKY

YPJI.IJ:aX,

rpiiiiMII l(JI

6yproMiCTpChKi

qacTIIHa

3BaHi

CKa3aHO,

II(O

B60rOCTi

MichKa

BOHII

6i.IJ:HOTa

IIaTpiil(iaTy

i

-

rpyrra

Ta

BiH-

rrpo

3a3HaBarra

TO

HaHHII2K-

)l,o

Hail6iJihiii

u;i€1

rpyrrii

3aco6iB

ryu;yrrh-

BIIp06HIIl(TBa

CeJIJIHII-BTiKaqi,

IIOCTiHHOrO

A.

Mill(aH

B6ori,

iHIIIi

6IOprepCTBa,

6e3

peMiCHII-

KYIIU:i MiCT,

IIJie6e1

II036aBJieHi

JIIO.IJ:II

,.IJ:y2Ke a

3aHMaJIII

po6iTHIIKII,

HarrpiiKJia.IJ:,

BTeKJIO,

6araTi

a.IJ:MiHiCTpau;il

HacerreHHJI.

36i.IJ:Hirri,

IIO.IJ:eHHi

ryJihTJil

516rryHeBi,

B

i€papxil

MiChKoro

HaJie2KaJIII

TaK

CTaHOBIIJIII

II03III(il

CTaHOBiH

IIi.IJ:MaHCTpii,

Y

,i3-3a

MiChKe

KJIIOqoBi

B

eKcrrrryaToBaHa

JiiBa

Borro.IJ:iiOqii

Micu;eBOMY,

IIaTpiil(iaHChKY

JIKi

BaHHJI.

B

YPJI.IJ:II.

KII,

ChKIIX

i

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

XJii6a

36i.IJ:Hirra rrpo2KII-

MiCl(JI

faMa3y

C.

i

IIpOCJITb",

MIIxaH:-

rr'JITb

Mill(aH

IIOMepJIII

rHo6rreHHJI

HeCJia

BeCb

2KopcToKo1

TJirap

eKcrrrryaTau;il

<j:>eO.IJ:aJibHIIX

IIOBIIHHOC-

Terr. MichKIIH MiCT

cy.IJ:,

rrpaBo,

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

HOCIIJIII

O.IJ: aJibH 0- Kpirro C HIIl(hKi HiCTpal(iJI

.IJ:IIKTyBaJia

IIOBIIHHOCTi, HiTHi.

y

peHb

BJiaCHIIl(i .IJ:BOpi,

BIIXO.IJ:IITII 3BaHi piirra 3a

Ha

.IJ: aHIIMII

BIIHHOCTeH

6yJIII

po6oTII

Ha

BOJIKiB,

CTaHOBIIB rri.IJ:

.IJ:aBaTII Ha

3

6yJIII

KpiM

qacTIIHY

KoporriBChKIIX

cT.

3BaHy

.IJ: epeBO

po60TII

i

Ta

Bp02KaiO

II(e

correBapHJIX,

,3ri.IJ:HO .IJ:O

3

COJieBa-

pi3Hi

po6o-

XY.IJ:06II,

Ca.IJ:iB,

IIIJIJIXTa

TaK

CTBO-

BIIKOHyBaJIII .IJ:eCJITIIHII .IJ:aBaJIII

Ill,opiqHQ

Y

6yproMicTpa, Bi.IJ:

rro6opii, pi3HOMa-

CIIJiaqyBaJIII

JIKi

KyTiB

3JIOTIIX.

a.IJ:Mi-

OIIpiiiiiKaMII.

3.IJ:aBaJIII

2KOBHipii3Hy.

24.606

Bi.IJ:

Mill(aHII

Mill(aHII

XY.IJ:06II,

caMoro

pi3Hi 6yJIII

Mill(aHII,

3aroHiB,

<j:>e-

CTIIH C bKa

BIIKOHyBaTII

CeJIJIHaMII

p.,

Bi.IJ:

IIIapBapKOBi

IIOHa.IJ:

l(hOrO,

KaparrhHIIX

1765

HarJIJI.IJ:OM

XVIII

.IJ: OCTaBJIJITII

ycTpiH:

3Mil(HIOBaJIII

CTJiryBaJia

3.IJ:aBaTII .IJ:eCJITIIHII

IIOBCTaJIIIMII

qifHIII

i

IlOBIIHHOCTi

516JIOHOBCbKOl,

TOII(O.

TaK

BOJIIO,

cepe.IJ:IIHi

oropO.IJ:i,

JIIOCTpau;il

BIIXO.IJ:IIJIII

rrepe.IJ:Mill(aHII

B

yTpiiMaHHJI

IIJiaTIIJIII

IIIJIJIXeTChKIIX

Hi

Ha

6opOTb6II

IIOBIIHHOCTi: JIIII(h,

CBOIO

KHJiriiHi

IIIapBapOK

xapaKTep

III JIJIXe TCbKO- C Tap 0

HaCeJieHHJI.

306oB'JI3aHi

IIaHCbKOMY

rreHyHrii .IJ:JIJI

<j:>eO.IJ:aJibHIIH

MiCTaM

MiCTa

a.IJ:MiHicTpaTIIBHo-rrpaBOBIIH

Bi.IJ:HO CIIHII.

516rryHeBi

3Blfqa€M",

TII

y

Been

eKCIIJiyaTyBaJia

TaK,

.IJ:aBHiM

JIK

KocoBi

TaKi

Bi.IJ:

By-

rpoiiii

.IJ:OXi.IJ:

3

Ha IIO-

Mill(aHII

rrpiiCJI2KHIIX

3Myiiie-

Ca.IJ:iB,

306oB'JI3yBaJIIICJI

rrrraTIIJIII

,2KOBHipii3Hy".

.IJ:O Bci


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopifl

peMiCHIIKII 6yJIII

ToM

IlpuKapnammR.

137

3

IIOBIIHHi

rrpal(JOBaTII

Ha

rraHa: TKaqi TKaJIII rrpJI.IJ:IIBO,

KYIIIHipii

BIIrO-

TOBJIJIJIII K02KYXII i T . IIo.n:i6Hi

.IJ:.

IIOBIIHHOCTi

Bi.n:6yBaJIII MiiiiaHII Ha.n:BipHo1, ,IJ:eJIJITIIHa,

.

II e-

qeHi2KIIHa, Eoropo.n:qaH, YToporriB,

IIicTIIHi,

BII2KHIIU:i.

ll,e

rrpiiHO-

CIIJIO BJiaCHIIKaM Ma€T-

MoHemu

KiB 3HaqHi rpOIIIOBi .IJ:O-

MiChKIIX rra.n:aB

Ha

y6ore

J!K

i

BJiaCHIIKiB

II(06

oropO.IJ:HIIKiB,

MiChKe

XVII-XVII 1

6y11u

IlocnoJIUmoi'

nolfamKy B

o6i2y

Ha

XVII

em.,

Fyl{JilbU(UHi

Race-

KOMipHIIKiB, 6aqiiMO,

Pelfi

XVI

RKi

IIOBIIHHOCTeH

JieHIIJI

Ta

KiH1{5l

0CHOBHIIH TJirap

XO.IJ:II.

cT.

MiCT,

36araTIITIICJI

6ynii JIKi 3a

XaJiyiiHIIKiB.

CaMoyrrpaBJiiHHJI rroBHicTJO 3a

CTa€

.IJ:OIIOMOrOJO

paxyHOK

<j:>iKU:i€10.

3aJie2KHIIMII

Bi.IJ:

CTapOCT,

eKCIIJiyaTal(il

fyl(yJihChKi

KoponiBChKOl

BiHTiB

y6oriiX

MiC3HaTi

po6JIJITb

BCe,

Mill(aH-ryn:yniB.

4. CoJieBapua npoMHCJIOBiCTh. TopriBJIB ciJIJIIO IIopJI.IJ:

XVII -

3

CiJihChKIIMII

COJieBapHa JIBHiCTb

ryl(yJihChKIIX

3i

IIpOMIICJiaMII

fyn:ynhll(IIHi

AKTOBi

3HaqHOIO

,pe€CTpy

HaJiiqyBaJIOCJI

205

rrpal(JOBaJIO

Ha

MaTepiaJIII

KiJihKiCTIO

B

.IJ:pyriH:

BIICOKoro

IIOJIOBIIHi

piBHJI

3aCBi.IJ:qyJOTb

qepeHiB

Be2K

9

2KOBTHJI

y

.n:ocJirna rrpo

Ha-

6araThOX

MiCl(eBOCTJIX.

3a .IJ:aHIIMII

JIKa

p03B03IIJiaCJI

peHb

p03TaiiiOByBaJiaCb .IJ:aJieKO

He

.n:pyriH:

rronoBIIHi

BapHa

6aHJI

-

IIOKYTChKIIX BChOrO

qepeHiB.

COJii,

ll,e

cT.

IIpOMIICJIOBiCTb.

6aHb

II OKYTTi

MiChKIIMII

XVIII

cepe.IJ:IIHi

llJ,opoKy

MaH2Ke Ha

IIOBHa

XVII

cT.

35

ITO

6aHb"

TYT BCiH

TepiiTOpil KapTIIHa 3

JIKa

l(eHTpiB

BIIp06JIJIJIIICJI YKpalHi.

1728

p.,

Ha

( 6 aHb),

.n:e

TIICJiqi

IIoJIOBIIHa

6oqoK COJieBa-

fyl(yJihll(IIHII.

rrpo

Eepe3oBa

EaHJI-Eepe3iB,

Bi.IJ:

COJieBapHIIX

COJieBapHi

HII2KHhoro

cTana

fyl(yJihll(IIHII.

BII.IJ:iJIJI€ThCJI

oKpeMIIM

HaceneHIIM

Y

conerryH-


138

Bo;zoiJuMup

KTOM.

B2Ke B 1708 p. TYT HaniqyeTbCJI

3a .[(aHIIMII iHBeHTapJI qyBanOCJI

rr'JITh

Mono.[(JITIIHChKa .[(Ba

qepeHII, TPII

c.

Be2Ki,

TPII

MiCTa J!6nyHiB".

0T2Ke,

Ha

15

1722 p. TYT HaJii-

14 qepeHaMII,

Be2KaMII

-

qepeHII,

O.[(Ha

Be2Ka,

MapKiBChKa O.IJ:IIH

EaJIHel(bKa

.IJ:Bi

qepeH,

caMe:

PyHrypcbKa

1730

B

Be2Ki.

a

.IJ:Bi Be2Ki,

p.

B

,conJIHa 6aHJI, JIKa Hane2Kana .IJ:O reHepanhHOl opeH.[(II 3a ,OIIIICOM

IIIiCTb COnJIHIIX Be2K.

fyu;ynhiiiiiHII

3

ciM Be2K, BiciM qepeHiB,

KaM'JIHel(bKa

Jl10qa 6yna

17 ryu;ynhChKIIX rOCIIO.[(apCTB.

IJeqeHi2KIIHCbKOl BOnOCTi, B

coneBapeHh

Fpa6oeeu,bKU1 f

OCHOBi

coneBapHi",

B 1753

B KocoBi

p.

6yno

H ane2Kana coneBapHJI BnaCHIIKaM )]).IJ:YIIIIIl(hKIIM. .[(OKyMeHTanhHIIX .[(aHIIX

B XVII-XVIII cT.

6ynii

6aqiiMO,

rrepeBa2KHO

IIIO

coneBapHi

rrpiiBaTHOIO

BnacHi-

CTIO MarHaTiB i IIInJIXTII, JIKi rrepe.[(aBanii lX B opeH.[(y .[(pi6HiH IIInJIXTi €BpeJIM-niiXBapJIM. Ha coneBapHJIX ronoBHIIM qifHOM rrpau;IDBanii cenJIHII-ryu;ynii, JIKi 3a paxyHOK

<j:>eo.[(anhHIIX

IIOBIIHHOCTeH

o6po6KII Ta BIIB03Y coni IIOBIIHHOCTi,

JIK

coneBapeHb,

Ta

CTpOIIII IIOB03II

BIIKOHyBanii

Ha IIpO.[(a2K. a6o

po60TII

0co6niiBO TJI2KKIIMII

BOpOXHa,

BIIBi3

HaHBa2Kqi

T06TO

rOTOBOl

.[(OCTaBKa

coni

Ha

3

6ynii TaKi .[(epeBa

piiHKII.

.[(0

TaK,

B

Ma€TKaX IJeqeHi2KIIHCbKOrO Kn!Oqa, KpiM TOrO, II(O cinhChKi 60H.[(api 3Bapiiqi Bi.[(6yBanii IIaHII(IIHY (BIIpo6nJinii 300 6oqoK coni B piK), BOHII MYCIInii TII

me

peBO .IJ:O

coneBapHi.

iHBeHTapi 2KIIH,

.[(OCTaBnJIB03aMII .[(e-

CBOlMII

cin

B

IJeqeHi-

M ono.[(JITIIH

3a

1722 p. 3arriicaHo: ,XTo Ma€

BOnii

cyrrpJiry,

Ma€ .[(aBaTII .[(pOBa a6o cTporrii".

TaKi

po6oTII

BIIKOHyBanii

II

cenJIHII

cyci.[(Hix cin

MapKiBKa,

PyHrypii, Cno6o.[(a (3onoTIIH

II oTiK).

3

ycix

l(IIX cin cenJIHII CBOlMII YmoponcbKa XyiJ.

co!leeapH5l Mupoc!lae

XV-XVII Fama!leBU1.f

em.

IIi.[(BO.[(aMII 6ynii

,IIOBIIHHi

BIIBeCTII

6oqKoBy

cinn" .IJ:O fBi3.IJ:l(JI. B iH-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

BeHTapi

IJeqeHi2KIIH

cin

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

139

3

Mono.!l)ITIIH

3arriicaHo:

,Bci,

mo

MaJOTh

cyrrpJiry, IIOBIIHHi Bi.[(6yBaTII IIi.[(BO.IJ:Y pa3 B piK, 3a6IIpaTII 3 6oqKif coni rri.IJ: qac .[(o6po1 .IJ:Oporii". iHBeHTapi

B

c.

1730

JlJOqa

p.

3a<j:>iKcoBaHo,

mo cenJIHII

,MaJOTh

Bi.[(B03IITII, 3ri.[(HO 3 .[(aBHiM 3BifqaeM, BOpOXII, T06 TO .[(e peBO .[(0 6aHi", a B qOpHOMY IlOTOIJj B 1708 p. IIi.[(.[(aHIIH MaE: ,.[(0 6aHi .[(OCTaBIITII .[(0 poKy 5 CTpOIIiB .[(epeBa, a6o orrnaTIITII K02KHIIH CTpOII ITO 20 3nOTIIX". MimaHII O.[(IIH

a6o

5!6nyHeBa .[(Ba".

ryl(ynii

3.IJ:aBanii

Maqa, JlJOqi,

3o6oB'JI3yBaniich

K02KHIIH

Eepe3oBa, AKpeiiiopiB,

MaE:TKiB

IIi.[( 3arp03010 TanJipa

Bi.[(

,rro6paHHJI

B03a

BOnOCTb.

B03iB i

CaMO

,BopoxiB

24

B03II.

-

IIi.[(

3

niciB

TaKi

BOpOXII

CTorrqaToBa,

CBipcbKOl EaHi.

3a6opOHJinii

TaK

.[(03BOnJinOCb IIi.[(.[(aHIIM BIIBe3eHe

.[(aBaTII

CTaHOBIIB

3 ycie1 5!6nyHiBChKOl BonocTi

O.[(HOrO

J!6nyHiBChKY

BOpOX

crrnaTII

BIIHII

B p03Mipi

BIIB03IITII

.[(06pe .[(epeBO

3arp03010

,CYBOpOl Kapil

3arOTOBnJITII .[(epeBO .[(nJI ce6e, IIOKII

Kpall(e .[(epeBO.

KpiM

.[(nJI BIIB03Y .[(epeBa Ha Bi.[(.[(anb

Koc-

IIocecopii l(IIX

TOrO,

cenJIHII

II03a He

He 6y.[(e

Manii .[(aBaTII

IIi.[(BO.[(II

18 MIInh.

Y .[(eJIKIIX coneBapHJIX <j:>eo.[(anii BII3Haqanii KinhKiCTb B03iB .[(epeBa, JIKi Manii 3.IJ:aTII cenJIHII -

i 6araTi, i 6i.IJ:Hi. TaK, B c. Me2KIIpiqqJI, JIK

CKa3aHO B iHBeHTapi, ,.[(y2Kqi'', T06TO 6araTi cenJIHII, Manii .[(OCTaBIITII .[(0

MiCl(eBOl

.[(o6poro

40

coneBapHi

B03iB,

a

,cna6IIIi",

,6i.[(Hiiiii

BIIpo6HIIl(TBOM coni 3aH:ManiicJI Micl(eBi ryl(ynii pi,

KepaTHIIKII Ta iHIIIa 2KYHHa

ropil

HaceneHHJI.

O.[(HOMY

24

B03II

.[(epeBa".

qepeHi

Ha

rrpiicnyra -

coneBapHi

IIpOTJirOM

B

,IIOBHOrO

c.

3Bapiiqi, 6oH.[(a-

rrepeBa2KHO y6ori

Me2KIIpiqqJI

TII2KHJI

y

1700

rrpo.[(yKyBanOCJI

KaTep.

75.000

TOIIOK coni, a II(OpOKY BIIrOTOBnJinii cinh IIpOTJirOM 20 TII2KHiB. O.IJ:HOMY qepeHi rrpal(JOBano .[(Ba 3Bapiiqi. piB,

CBipcbKOl

coneBapHi Bee

EaHi

3o6oB'JI3yBaniich

IIpiiMill(eHHJI,

KOIIaTII

COnJIHi

fyl(ynii CBOlM

Ilpii

KocMaqa, AKpeiiio-

.[(epeBoM

KpiiHIIl(i,

peMOHTyBaTII

KepaTII,

KOIIIi

Ta

iHIII e.

BIIpo6neHa ryl(ynhCbKa cinh HIIIna Ha rrpo.[(a2K. apxiBHIIX

MaTepianiB

3 YKpalHII

-

BCTaHOBneHO,

KOnOMIIHl(JIM

pe.[(HbO Ha coneBapHJIX,

BORa y IIi.[(ripChKi

II(O

cinh

a6o MiCl(eBIIM

Ha OCHOBi

IIpO.[(aBanacJI

a HaH:6inhiiie -

OKOniil(i,

HOBIIX

,rOCTJIM

coneToprOBl(JIM 6e3IIOCe-

a TaK02K y MicTax KocoBi, ,IJ:enJITIIHi,

BipHiH:, JlaHqiiHi, YToporrax, nacb

Ha

Ha.IJ:-

B KonoMIIL ,IJ:ocTaBnJI-

a TaK02K y cena 3a )l:HiCTpOM,

Ha


BoJtoiJuMup

140

KoJtoMuCiu,i Ha

Ilo.[(innJI,

coJtemopcoeu,i

IIoKymmfl

3a

3

ciflfl/0.

IlpaBo6epeJlOKJI,

BeJtuJwf XyiJ.

YKpai"Hu

MupocJtaB

JliBo6epe2JOKJI

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

Ta

FamaJteBUlf

Einopyci10 -

fpo.IJ:HO,

KopiiTHO, Kna.[(HO. B

aKTax

ciinhKiB,

3YCTpiqaeThCJI

KIIciiniB,

peani3oByBanacJI Einopyci10.

6araTo

yKpai"HChKIIX

IlepeJicnaB, IIonTaBa, CyMII,

ryu;ynhChKa

cinh.

BeniiKIItt

MicT

Bi.IJ:COTOK

Ill,opoKy B 30-40-x poKax XVIII cT.

J!6nyHiBChKIIX i ConOTBIIHChKIIX CTapOCTe y M.

KII1B,

Ba-

Hi2KIIH Ta iHIIIi, .[(e coni

ttiiioB

y

3 IJeqeHi2KIIHChKIIX, fpO.[(HO Bi.[(IIpaBnJinii-

CJI COTHi ,CTapOCTIIHChKIIX", ,.[(BipCbKIIX", ,BeCHJIHIIX" Ma2K, HaBaHTa2KeHIIX 6oqKaMII 3 cinn10, TaM lX 36epiranii Ha CKna.[(aX i IIpO.[(aBanii.

3 J!6nyHiBII(IIHII 50 TIIC.

B03iB

ConOTBIIHII(IIHII 6yno BIIBe3eHO Ha IIpO.[(a2K IIOHa.[(

ryu;ynhChKOl coni.

BnaCHIIKaMII Ma€TKiB qlf opeH.[(apJIMII 6yB BII3HaqeHIIH TOqHifll qac 3aKyiiiBni coni.

HarrpiiKna.[(,

Ha coneBapHJIX J!6nyHiBChKOrO Kn!Oqa B

cepe.IJ:IIHi XVIII cT. 6yB cKna.[(eHIItt rpa<j:>iK 3aKyrrKII coni. 6epe3HJI,

KBiTHJI i .[(0

15

IlpoTJiroM

TpaBHJI 3arOTOBnJinii cinh MiCl(eBi cenJIHII-

qyMaKII, 3 15 TpaBHJI .[(0 15 ce piiHJI IIpii3HaqaBCJI qac .[(nJI IIpiil2K.[(2KIIX coneToprOBl(iB qac

OCiHHitt,

)l:2Kepena

,rOCTIIHHIIX n!O.[(ett"; a 3 15 cepiiHJI .[(0 ,.[(nJI

cBi.[(qaTh

6paHHJI rrpo

coni"

ryu;ynhChKIIMII

icHyBaHHJI

Tphox

rpyrr

15 2KOBTHJI

IIi.[(.[(aHIIMII. qyMaKiB-ryu;yniB.

IJepiiii 3 HIIX, TaK 3BaHi .[(BOpOBi IIi.[(.[(aHi, T06TO MiCl(eBi cenJIHII, 3a


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

.I(OpyqeHHJIM

IIaHCbKOrO

rraHChKIIMII Ba2KHO BaJIII

Ma2KaMII

y6ori

CBOIO

.I(BOpy,

cinh

CeJIJIHII,

Ma2Ki,

Ha

II(O

<j:>eo.l(aJibHY

peMOHTyBaJIII COTHi

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

CTapOCTIIHCbKOl

Ilo.l(iJIJIJI

qyMaKyBaJIII

IIOBIIHHiCTb.

TIIM

qacOM

a.I(MiHiCTpau;il

Einopyci10. 3

HaKa3y

BOHII

HaBaHTa2KyBaJIII

KiJIOMeTpiB,

141

3

ll,e

.I(BOpy

BIIKOHyBaJIII

JIK

lXHi

<j:>eo.l(aJIII

rrepe-

l(IIM

Bi.l(6y-

i

Ba2KKi

BIIBaHTa2KyBaJIII

Be3JIII

6ynii

po60TII:

CiJih,

MaJIII

.I(OJiaJIII

BeJIIIqe3Hi

IIpii6yTKII. Jl:pyry ReBa,

rpyrry

qyMaKiB

,IJ:eJIJITIIHa,

rriB,

MIIIIIIIHa,

cin.

IJoqiiHa!Oqii

cinn10

3

XVI

IIOBi.I(OMJieHHJI

rrpo

MIIIIIIIHChKi

IIJiaTIIJIII

BJiaCHIIl(i

, OCMaqKy"

TepiiTOpil

CrrnaTa JIII

)l:HiCTep Xoq 3

XVII

cT.

,3

CiJIJIIO

,KOJIII 3

6

He!O

1685

p.

lHl(iB" Y

XTOCb

6araThOX

Ma€TKOBe

3a

CeJIJIH,

cenax

CeHMIIK

u;ini

0.1(IIH

B 3

Ta

T06TO

rOCTIITII",

Ma2KaMII,

JIK

H a.I(.IJ:HirrpJIHII(IIHII. JIKi

a

Ti,

,rocTIIJIKi

B03iB,

B

12

ceJIJIH

, 3a

TOMY

CiJih

Ha

A

.l(aHIIHII

rrpaCOJIKY

i

BepeCHJI

Bi.l(

,yKpa-

B03a.

y

1743

Ha

TopriBni

p.

6yno

iHIIIi

Bi.l( TIIX

23

,.l(pi6HOIO

M02KHa

qyMaKiB,

6araTIIIIIMII

IIpO.I(a2K

10

crreu;iani3yBaJIIICJI

,BeJIIIKOIO

IIpiiH-

3a3HaqaJIOCJI:

KyrryBaB

Bi.l(

MIIIIIIIHChKIIX

6yJIII

3eMJii

COJii

Bi.l( qyMal(bKOrO

rpom".

36IIpaTII

3ri.IJ:HO

Bi.l(

3Blfqa!O", Ti, JIKi

IIOCTaHOBi

HarrpiiKJia.IJ:,

CIIJiaTII

cepe.!(

faJIIIl(bKOl

rpiiBeHb

12

rpiiBeHb

TOpryBaB

B03iB

a

TaKy .l(aTII

IIO.I(aTOK

.l(aBHhOrO

12

306oB'JI3aB ITO

rpyrrii

HIIX

p03IIIapyBaHHJI

IIIJIJIXTa

IIJiaTIITII

B03a

crrnaqyBaJIII,

crreu;iaJibHIIH

OCKiJihKII

MIIIIIIIHi,

KiJihKiCTIO

Tpii-II'JITb

p.

IIpiiBaTHO Bi.l(

YKpalHII)

cinn10.

COJieToprOBl(i. CiJIJIIO".

306oB'JI3aHi

IIJie6elB

faJIIIl(bKIIH 3

p.

J!6JIOHOBChKiH

CiJih

3 6i2K2KJIM,

,3ri.I(HO rrpaBa i

IIOBIIHeH

(KYIIU:iB

ryu;ynhChKOIO

MaJIII

3

1665

BepeCHJI

CTOCyBaJIOCJI

rOCTIIB,

KJI!Oqa

coneToproBu;i

CeHMIIKY,

3a JIKOIO,

rOCTJITb",

ll,e

e

1745

CiJIJIIO

qyMaKII-ryu;ynii,

OCMaqKy

rrpiiKaprraTChKi

14

,rrpaCOJIKy",

3

BeJIIIKY

II O.IJ:iJIJIJI

Bi.IJ:CTaHi:

aKTax

y

TaK,

IIiBOCMaqKif.

faJIIIl(bKOrO

HJIJia IIOCTaHOBY,

TaK

i

TopryBaJIII B

Ma€THOCTell:",

3BIIKJIII

.l(pi6Hy

5!6nyYTopo-

ryu;ynhChKIIX

BOHII

qyMaKiB.

J!6JiyHiBCbKOrO

Bi.IJ:

iHIIIIIX cT.

Ha.l(rrpyTChKIIX

Bi.I(IIOBi.IJ:HY

XO.I(IIJIII", y

TaKIIX

p03B03IIJIII

3aJie2KaJia

.l(aBaJIII

IIOCTaHOBOIO

B03a.

i

KocoBa,

Kn10qeBa,

Ha.IJ:.IJ:HirrpJIHII(IIHi.

,rrepeBa2KHO

IlpiiKaprraTTJI,

.l(aHIIHII

.l(aJieKO,

JIKi

Ma€TKiB

(.IJ:aHIIHy)

Ha

.l(pyriiX Ti,

Ta

XVII-XVIII

Ilo.l(inni, rpyiiii

KonoMIIl, ceJIJIHII

KocMaqa

rrpoTJiroM

BeJIIIKi

ryu;yJIII-COJieToprOBl(i,

Ha

i

Ha

Mill(aHII

JlaHqiiHa,

III emopiB,

IIicTIIHi,

rrpiiBaTHO

,IIi.l(.l(aHi

cTaHOBIIJIII

IJeqeHi2KIIHa,

CY.IJ:IITII 3

JIKIIX

15,

II(O

rrpo BiCiM MaJIII


142

BoJtoiJuMup

'lyMaK

3

HaiJeipH51HllJ,U1U1

iJop03i

B

i3

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

ciJtflJO,

Fyu,yflbllJ,UHi

O,[(IIH-,[(Ba B03II. TII

i

BII,[(HO,

MaJIII

KpiM u;iB.

Ma!Oqlf

Bi):(ITOBi):(HO

6yna

icHyBana

p03):(pi6HOIO

XVIII

ryu;ynii

KOHJIX.

B

3

ITpOTJirOM 6yna

qifTaeMo:

,Ko2KHIItt

K02KHOrO

Pa):(iyc

B

ITeBHY

Bi):():(aTII lX

i

(ITO):(Op02KY€ 6JIII2Kqe

)l:HiCTpOM,

B Ha

ryu;ynhChKIIX JIKi

oqe-

i

3aiTIICaHo: CiJIJIIO

)l:aJii

B

12

BIIH,[(e

ll(O

Ha B

qyMaKyBaJIII

Bepxii

3a

pa3 3

ll(O

,[(OrOBOpi

ITi):():(aHIItt,

ITO):(Op02K

Ha

,KocMal(bKa

opeH,[(HOMY

rpiiBeHb

B

KOHJIX

cepe):(IIHi

rOCTIO€

AKpeiiiopcbKIItt

poKy

coneToproB-

BepXII

Bi):(OMO,

p. 3

opeH,[(II

-

3Blfqa!O". XV1-XVI1

faJIIIl(bKOMY

CiJIJIIO

):(aJihiiii

)l:HicTep

qyMaKyBaJIII

,[(0

ryl(yJihCbKOIO

,[(aJieKO rOCTIITb

3ri,[(HO ,[(aBHhOMY

1742 pa3iB

ITJiaTy.

,[(0

5!6nyHiBChKoro

(To6To

rpyiTa

qyMaKiB,

3a

KiJihKa

IT03a )l:HicTep

iHBeHTapi

BIIB03II-

BOHII,

B

KiHHO piK

Bi):(

6eccaraMII"

F.).

TOpriBJii

Ha):(ITPYTTJI,

MOrJIII

36araqy!OqlfCb.

AKpeiiiopiB

,[(OrOBOpi

CKiJihKII

B.

COJieToprOBl(i

,[(OKyMeHTiB

KocMal(hKIItt

ITOBIIHeH

KOHli,

3

CiJIJIIO.

,[(aBaTII

(MiiiiKaMII

Tpenr

,KiHHIIX"

poKy

ITOBIIHHa

rOCTIO!Oqlf,

me

KocMaqa

opeH,[(HOMY

rpoMa,[(a

Ma2K,

ITOCTYITOBO

o6cnyry.

KaTeropiJI

TOpryBaJIII cT.

COJii,

HaHMIITiB

l(horo,

ll,e

6iJihiiiiCTb

6iJihiiie

OXOITJIIOBaB

OKOJIIIU:i

KJI!Oqa -

B.

B.

f.),

F.) -

0T2Ke, cT.

3a

1738

ITO ITO

p.

OCMaqu;i,

llo):(iJIJii

JIIIIIIe Ta

ITO

Ha

CMyrii:

a

,XTo

XTO TiJihKII ITOBIIHeH

BIICHOBKY,

IIoKyTri,

iHIIIIIX

OKOJIIII(i

IIpaBo6epe2K2KJI.

3a3HaqeHo:

ITiBocMaqKII

M02KHa ):(iHTII

He

Tpii

IIo):(iJIJIJI,

ll(O

ane

TepiiTOpiJIX.

IT03a

):(aBaTII ryl(yJIII tt

IT03a


ImocmpoeaHa EaraTi

ryu;ymr

Be2Ki,

Be2K.

Manii

Il(OITpaB.[(a,

BIIp06HIIl(TBO .[(aBaTII

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

BnacHi

143

3

coneBapHi

Be2Ki.

TaK,

3a

.[(aHIIMII

1700 p., B Me2KIIpiqqi, KpiM rraHChKIIX, icHyBanii H: cenJIH-

iHBeHTapJI ChKi

icmopi5l

coni

y

ITOBIIHHiCTh,

HarrpiiKna.[(,

TII2K.[(eHb

TaK

O.[(IIH

rrnaTIIB

crrnaqyBaB

OKpeMi CBOlX

3 HIIX

3BaHy

3

TIIMKO

20

3nOTIIX

50

,Be2Kqii3HY

B 3aiTyll(eHOMY CTaHi.

l(i

ryu;ynii

Be2Kqii3HY

3 HIIX -

rraHy

6ynii

coneBapHJIX

306oB'JI3aHi

ITO.[(aTOK

Bi.[(

3a

6ynii

COnJIHIIX

KoBaniB Bi.[( CBOel Be2Ki

rpiiBeHb

3nOTIIX".

3a

Ha

BIIpo6neHHJI

coni,

coneBapHi

6ynii

fyu;ynhChKi

Ha.[(iHHIIM .[(2KepenOM 36araqeHHJI lX BnaCHIIKiB i CTapOCTe. TaK, coneBapHi

KociBil(IIHII

17 TIIC.

3nOTIIX,

ITOHa.[(

20 TIIC.

BO.[(CTB

niillie

25 TIIC.

mopoKy a

T.

3nOTIIX. ,6aHHi

.[(aBanii

MarHaTaM

J!6nOHOBChKiH 3a

pe€CTpOM

cena"

.[(aBanii

3

,Il).IJ:Yil(IIl(hKIIM

J!6nyHiBChKOrO

PychKOrO ,rrpii6yTKY

.IJ:OXO.IJ:Y

Knroqa

Een3ChKoro Ha

piK

BO€-

KOponiBCTBY

<j:>nopeHiB".

0T2Ke, HOCIInii

p03BIITOK coneBapHOl rrpOMIICnOBOCTi, TOpriBnJI 3HaqHi .[(OXO.[(II

MarHaTaM

i

cinniO

rrpii-

BO.[(Hoqac pi3KO rroriprnyBanii CTa-

HOBIIIl(e ryu;ynhChKOrO Hapo.[(y. Pi3HOMaHiTHi ITO.[(aTKII, HaCIInhCTBO ypJI.[(OBl(iB,

opeH.[(apiB,

TaTapChKi

Ha6irii,

3Hyll(aHHJI llinJIXeTChKIIX BiHChK

Ha.IJ: 6i.IJ:HIIMII cenJIHaMII, rona.[(, HeBpo2Ka1 Il(O ryu;ynhChKIIH

Bee u:e rrpii3Beno .IJ:O Taro,

HapO.[( ITi.[(HJIBCJI Ha 6opOTh6y rrpOTII eKcrrnyaTaTopiB.

5. Po3BHTOK auTu«J>eo,lJ,aJihHOi 6opoTh6u. IIi,[l,ueceuuH onpurnKiBChKOro pyxy CenJIHCTBO fyu;ynhll(IIHII, JIK i BChoro IlpiiKaprraTTJI, B.[(aBanocb .IJ:O Hall:pi3HOMaHiTHilliiiX ChKIIX KnaciB: TII

<j:>opM

6opOTb6II

ITOBIIHHOCTi,

ITi.[(rran

Ma€TKiB,

36pOHHi

KpirrocHi cenJIHII 6 oponiich, JIK yMinii lJ,iHHIIM TJI2KKIIH

iCTOpiiqHIIM

CTaH

rrpOTII

HaCTyrry eKcrrnyaTaTOp-

MaCOBi BTeqi, Bi.[(MOBa rrpal(IOBaTII Ha rraHa, BIIKOHyBa-

.[(OKyMeHTOM,

ryu;ynhChKIIX cenJIH,

i

BIICTYITII,

JIKIIH

€ lXHi

OITpiilliKiBCTBO.

JIK Mornii. JICKpaBO

CKaprii

CBi.[(qiiTb

Ha <j:>eo.[(aniB.

IJpo 6e3pe3ynhTaTHiCTb CKapr CBi.[(qiiTb crrpaBa ryu;yniB C. IJeqeHi2KIIHChKoro IlaBny EeHoe. Y

Knroqa.

Inni.

Hane2Kano

KopoHHOMY

PyHrypii

cTpa2KHIIKY

1722-1729 pp. H:oro opeH.[(yBanii rnnJIXTIIqi Hocrr<j:> i

OneKCaH.[(p TIIlliKOBChKi, niixBapro

Ceno

rrpo

JIKi,

B CBOIO

qepry,

Bi.[(.[(anii

ceno

B opeH.[(y

Y roHIITBi 3a rrprr6yTKaMII niixBap 2KopcToKo KpiiB.IJ:IIB


144

BoJtoiJuMup Bi,!(6HpaB

CCJiliH,

1)',

rpyHTli.

Ha,!(CHJia!Oqli

15

XOTliMHpa.

ChKi

JIKi

peM". TOMY

Y

l(bOMY 2K l(liMli

1110

qaB,

I

CJii,!(

1110

TaKa

MOTHBy!Oqli

cerrJIH

3

ttoro

JIKi

ciHo2KaTTJI,

reTb

a

TOMY,

IIOTpe6y MaB

,!(e

Ta

ciHa

xy,!(o6a".

HO

i

IIOIIpOCliB

<l>e,!(ip

Bi,!(IIOBiB:

,Xrrorre,

HaKa3aB

6u

BiBU:JIMH

TOMY,

CKOCliTli". 1110

He

3JITh

IleTpaq

po6HTH",

YrpHHqaK

yTiK

,!(JIJI

KOJIH

6

Ha

,HaCHJihHO

HOMY TBOlH

faiiiKO y

Hhoro

Ha

ttoro

TO

,!(aBaJIH

rHHYJIH,

i

3a

Ha QC

3HMiBJIIO

BHMaraJIH

CeJIJIHaM

XBOpliX

CIIJiaTy rpiiiiMH,

KOJIH

He

BHrracrra

ropo,!(

rraH

u;ett

6i,!(HliH

IIIJIJIXTliq

l(liHiq-

TpaBa

6yrra,

yTiK

3

TO

tt

ll

XY,!\06010

ciHo".

crrarriDBarrH XaTH,

ropo,!( ,rriiiioB

IIaHChKY

yTiK,

KOJIH

npycTyp" 3a6paHo

i

,ciHo2KaTTJI

IIIKO,!(li, rOJIOBi

3

MHxatt-

xaTy

faBpHJIIOKa

1110

5J:K

BHrracrra

rraHII(HHy;

KOHett.

Xo-

TiKaJIH:

xy,!(o6a

TOM03iH ttoro

BTeqi i

ryu;yrriB.

ropO,!(

TOMY,

cBo"ix

3aB,!(aBaTH

,CTapHH

6o

rroiiiy-

3aXOIIJIIO!Oqli

CeJIJIHli

Hhoro

XaTy

rpoMa,!(H,

KaKOBChKi

po6HB B

Ha,!(arri

rrpHKJia,!(i

Kapa!Oqli

)l,MHTpa

B3JITO

MipKyBaHb,

cBo1 cerra B Ha

CeJIJIHaMH,

6o

B

3a3Ha-

opeH,!(y.

rraHChKa

1110

cerra,

IIIKOJl:;

BHKOCHTH

cerro

IlpoTe

IIIKO,!(li

qHHIIIi 3

6yrro

iHIIIliX

IIaHa

TOMY,

rrrraTHB

rraHII(HHY

Ha,!(

ropO,!(li, KpliB,!(li

BHrraceHo

HhOrO

HaKa3aB

Qi

rriTH

B

<j:>eo,!(aJIH

3Hyll(aJIHCb

TliX

rrpe,!(CTaBHHKiB HliM

3aJIHIIIarrH

opeH,!(yBarrH

reTh

MYCHB

3aB,!(aHO

KaKOBChKHtt ryu;yrr

B

CKaprli

3

cerrJIH.

rrpocTe2KHTH

CeJIJIHChKi

JIKOl BiH

ciHo2KaTh II(O

co6i

rraHChKa

3

,rroHeBorri

3axorrrreHo,

M02KHa

,rriiiioB

JIHIIIe

TO

rrepe,!(aHHH

, qepe3

Bi,!(,!(aB

i

crryxaTH

HeHMOBipHO

JIKHH

IIHCa-

IIi,!(,!(aHHM,

CIIpaBi

po3irHaTH

,!\y2Ke

faJIHl(bKliM

lfocH<j:> THIIIKOBChKliH

M02Ke

Ma€TKH

BHIIaCa!Oqli

CKpy6rrJIHiB

IIHCap,

pyHryp-

JIKHH

KBiTHJI

rrorreriiieHHJI,

IJ.e

B ,!(OKyMeHTaX,

PH6aK

u;itt

Ma€TOK

1110

IlleiiiopiB.

3a3HaqeHO

rro

THM,

2KHTTJI.

MaHHO,

IOpax

B

opeH,!(apJI

He ,!(06HBIIIHCh

MeHTOBChKa, lXH€

15

IJIJIIO,

IIaHOM

,!(0

5J:Hy

pyHrypcbKHX

BJiaCHi

M02Ke ,!(OIIOMOrTH

l(iKaBHTbCJI

Bi,!(

Mol

€BpeJI

He

1110

3aXHC-

ry6epHaTopy

BrracHHX

CKaprH.

CKJia,!(eHHH

IIIyKaTH

THIIIKOBChKOMY

II Hille

Mo"ix

MeRe

IIHCaB,

Bi,!(MOBJIJI€TbCJI

Kpamoro

,!(0

6e3602KHOro

He

B JiliCTi

po3i6paTHCJI

QC

CerrJIHH,

rro36yTHCJI

iHBeHTap, BiH

BHpiiiiHJili

lfoculj>y

THIIIKOBChKliH

Ha

CIIpaBaMH

rroBe,!(iHKa

THIIIKOBChKliH

Kax

i

JiliCTi

TiJihKli

p.

MO.lKY

CKap2KaTbCJI

CeJIJIHli

CKaprH

IIpliHOCJITb

KOHTpaKT

rroceci10.

1110

, He

qacTO

ceJIJIHli

rropyiiiy€

1722

2KOBTHJI

KorreH,!(OBChKOMy: IIi,!(,!(aHHX,

PyHrypChKi

6e3rrepepBHO

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

OBel(b,

HaCHJihHO

JIKi,

cerrJIHChKi 3p03yMiJIO,

BHraHJIJili

CeJIJIH.


ImocmpoeaHa Ha

icmopi5l

cKapnr

raH:.n:yKII

ceJIJIH

,JiaMaJIII

Ilpo

IlpuKapnammR.

rrpiiqfiHII

KocMaqa

3aB2K.IJ:II

pyKII".

,ITilliOB

mo

o6yxoM

3

caMi

Bi.n:rroBi.IJ:aB",

rYIIYJihChKoro

rrepio.n:

cena

a

rraHChKi

KocMaq

.IJ:pyri

B2Ke

B

III KO.IJ:3JIK

MIIxaH:no

opeH.IJ:yBaHHJI

BIIHHIIK,

a

cBoi: oceni.

ceJIJIHII. TaK,

3a

KoCTb

145

3

rroKII.IJ:aJIII

BTeq

roBopiiJIII

3acBi.n:qyBaB,

3BepXOBChKIIM

,3

ceJIJIHII

MacoBIIX

cepe.IJ:IIHi XVIII cT. 3

rraH

ToM

cena

rraHoM

ITOTiM

ITilliJIII"

qepe3 Ha.IJ:MipHi .IJ:aHIIHII Ta rpa6e2Ki opeH.IJ:apiB, TJI2KKi ITOBIIHHOCTi Ha rraHChKIIX

COJieBapHJIX,

po60TII

KOCMaiibKIIH

CeJIJIHIIH

)l:pyriiH BaB,

lifO CeJIJIHII

ITO

6y.IJ:iBHIIIiTBY .IJ:BOpy.

fpiirop

MaCOBO TiKaJIII

3 CeJia

IJanarHIOK TaK02K qepe3

3HYIIfaHHJI

3aCBi.IJ:qy-

i

CBaBiJIJIJI

rraHiB. B2Ke TJI2KKO naTII

caMi

BIICJIOBII

po6IIna rpoMa.n:a",

po6IIJIII",

,BCa.IJ:IIB

,B .IJ:OBra rrorranii", TII",

B

i:xHix

,rpa6i2K",

, 3i3HaHHJix"

,6o JIIO.IJ:II

3a .IJ:aHIIHY

BIIHy",

,Hiqoro

He

HOCTi,

lifO

o.n:Horo

MaJIII

Ta

ryiiyJiiB, 6yno

fYIIYJIII

rrpo

BTeq

,6e3

3arr-

BIIITJiaTIITII",

,rpoMa.n:a MYCIIJia rrnaTII-

,.IJ:Opori pOKII", BKpaH:

3

i

CTaHOBIIIIfe

<j:>eo.n:aJihHi

pi.IJ:HOl

3HymaHHJI

,6yB y6oriiH:",

TJI2KKe

HeiTOCIIJihHi

lXHiX

Ha.IJ:MipHe

M02KYTh

6yno,

OCeJii.

ITOBIIH-

TiJihKII

3

rHiT rrocecopa BII6yno

ceJIJIHChKIIX ciMeH:.

BTiKaJIII rrepeBa2KHO 3 rrpiiBaTHIIX Ma€TKiB, .n:e rHiT BJiaCHII-

Ka-<j:>eo.n:ana,

ypJI.IJ:OBiiJI,

HerrpiiXOBaHIIM

K02KHoro

opeH.n:apJI

XBIIJIIOBaHHJIM

Ha CBO€MY CeHMIIKY

K02KHOMY

CBi.IJ:qaTb Ha.IJ:MipHi,

rrpiiqfiHOIO

KocMaqa qepe3

3 cena rroHa.IJ: 30

HeMaJii

iH.) rrpo

(, TJI2KKO

3y6o2KiJIII",

,He

,rrpiiTicHJIJIII opeH.n:api",

,3y6o2KiJIII", ITilliJIII B ,TiCHi" a6o

KOCMaiibKIIX

3

ceJIJIH

Hac

36IITKII

Ma€TKY.

(To6To

B

B HalliiiX

peecTpy

HecTeprrHIIM.

rrpiiKaprraTCbKa

rrocTaHoBi

B.

lliJIJIXTIIqaM Ma€TKaX

qepe3

.IJ:aHIIX". ,IJ:nJI rrpiiKna.n:y M02KHa B3JITII cKna.n:eHoro

oco6JIIIBO

3

lliJIJIXTa

12 BepeCHJI 1702 p. <j:>aKT MaCOBOl BTeqi MaH2Ke

lliJIJIXeTChKoro 3

cTaBaB

KOHCTaTyBaJia

3arriicaHo:

F.)

BTeqi

, M aH:2Ke

.IJ:OBO.IJ:IIThCJI

HeCTII

HalliiiX .IJ:i.IJ:IfqHifX ITi.IJ:-

II eqeHi2KIIHChKIIH KJiroq. TyT i3

,He.n:o6paHIIX .n:oxo.n:iB"

Mi2K

rrocecopoM

i

BJiac-

HIIKOM Ma€TKY BII.IJ:HO, lifO 3 opeH.IJ:OBaHoro Ma€TKY He.n:o6paHO .IJ:OXO.IJ:Y Ha

CYMY

ITOHa.IJ:

ITpliMO CKa3aHO, JIKIIH

,rrirnoB,

IfhOro KJiroqa ChKa 45,2 He

3.524

3JIOTIIX.

lifO IieH

Y

6o HecrrpoM02KHIIH IJeqeHi2KIIH,

Bi.IJ:COTKII

pe€CTpi

7

Bi.IJ:

BepeCHJI

1725

p.

He.n:o6ip CTaBCJI BHaCJii.IJ:OK BTeqi ITi.IJ:.IJ:aHoro,

ceJIJIH

6yB crrnaTIITII".

MapKiBIIi,

BTeKJIII

6yna CITpOM02KHa CITJiaTIITII

Ha

PyHrypii

rroqaTKY

<j:>eo.n:aJihHi

B i

qoTIIphox cenax Cno6o.n:a PyHryp-

XVIII cT.,

ITOBIIHHOCTi.

pernTa 2K


146

BoJtoiJuMup

Y

EifEqeHHi

IIIITaHHJI

lX

TIICKOM

rrorpaHifqqJI

i

rrpo

.[(aHi

,rrpiittiiiJIII BTeqi

.IJ:O

CbKIIX

Ha

1669

TeKyqa

3

ETeqi

rrpeTeH3il CIIpaEi

rrepeXO.[(y"

6araTO

CeJIJIH

lEaH

,3Ei.[(TII

JlJ03HIItt,

bOJIOTHi, Y

lX

E

6yE

i3

Tpoxii

IIIJIJIXTifq

EeHoe,

EIIMaraJOqii,

ETeKJIII

3

CTapOCTEa.

cin

mo6

JliiCJITIIqi

YrrpaEIITeJib

l(IIX

3YCTpi-

,IJ:oErorriJIJIJI

HarrpJIMKY y

Ilo.[(iJI-

KaprraTII.

Ei.[(

BoHII

cT.

3aXi.[(HOyKpalHIIIJIJIXTII

E a2KK 0-

ceJIJIHII

3

IIi.[(rip-

Ei.[(.[(aJieHIIX Te piiTOpitt.

Yropll(IIHy" lX,

EeJIIIKa

EaJIKa

Ha3.[(0rHaEIIIII

6 a2Ka!O qlf

6iJIJI

IIOEepTa TIICJI

.[(0

J!6JiyHeEi JIKe

rrpal(JOEaE

5!6nyHeEi,

6e3

Ma€TKiE

,rriiiioE

IIO.[(aE

.IJ:O

IlaEJIO

20

5!6ny-

EoKIITIIHa

EII.[(aE

ripcbKoro

a

lEaH

CeJIJIHIIH

rrpii6yE .IJ:O

3

3-IIi.IJ:

02KeHIIECJI".

rrpeTeH3iJO

neHOe

CTpiitt-

6aHJIX,

poKiE.

.[(ani".

J!6JiyHeEa, .[(e

TJiraHIIHII

KopoKy3II

E2Ke

po.IJ:OM

3aHIIIOE .[(0

fyMHIIl(bKIIH

,y ll(O

fyl(yJihll(IIHi.

coJIJIHIIX

Eapiiiiia",

,6yE

Ha

HaJie2KaJio .IJ:O Ha

J!6JiyHeEi

3

30KpeMa,

IIIJIJIXTII

rrpeTeH3il .[(OEi.[(y€MOCJI,

,IJ:yni6II,

E

.[(OKyMeHTII,

IIpiiKaprraTCbKOl

TaKOl

Py.IJ:IIKa

Tott

y -

JIIIIIIe

CEi.[(qaTb .[(0

xnorru;eM

XJIOIIl(eM

p.

Ha

MiCTeqKy

c.

E

He

6iJihiii

He

CII.[(IITb"

i

1732

3.[(e-

Jiicax".

EiH

lEaH

qepEHi

TaK,

i

XVII-XVIII

IIOEepHyTII

E

ripCbKOMY

CrroqaTKY

MaJIIIM

3

Ti,

O.[(Hiel

,EIIHIIIOEIIIII

Ma€TOK,

PaxoEa

3 aX II II( aJIII

tt

pattoHiE

i

3

rri.IJ:

rreqepii.

HarrpJIM

rroceneHHJI. ll(e

a

aJie

po.IJ:OM

E

ceJIJIH:

3aKaprraTTi.

y

ETiKaJIII

CiJI,

3

Tepii-

IIOJibChKO-yropCbKe

IIpiiEa6JIJOEaJia

TYT

EIIpiiiiiiE

rrepet!:IIIOE

Mau;Ko,

Ha

qlf

a6o

rriE.IJ:eHh

fyl(yJihll(IIHY

,rrocii.IJ:iEIIIII"

MapTIIH HeEa

Ha

OCiJIO

,IJ:yni6a

Ha

rJIII60Ki

,E3JIJia

CeJIJIH.

cTapocTEa.

IIi3Hiiiie

II( 0

IIiEHiqHifX

Mirpau;iJI

Ei.IJ:6yEaJIIICJI

Ta

,IIOXOEaJIIICJI

CeJIJIH

IIIJIJIXTII

ce-

rrpo2KIIEanii".

fyu;yJihll(IIHY

BJiaCHIIK

EII3HaqiiTII

Ma€TKY

ryu;ynii

fyl(yJihll(IIHa

fyl(yJihll(IIHi),

IIaHa,

p.

ceJIJIH

JiiCII,

BoJIIIHi

(Ha

HeHaEIICHOrO

ChKoro

TaM

TIIM,

EeJIIIKi

CeJIJIH-ETiKaqiE.

IJpo

EyKoEIIHi

Ha.[(.[(HiCTpliHChKIIX

p.

3

rrpo.IJ:OE2KyEaJIIICJI

3aKaprraTChKY a6 0

TiKaJIII

1714

YKpai"HII

cT.

CeJIJIH- ETiKaqiE

ChKIIX

Ha

i

3a3HaqaJIOCb,

ropii,

Ei.IJ:6yEanacJI

EOHII

y

:1Ka6'ero

XVI

E

y2Ke

.[(OCTYIIHi

TaK,

mo

Ha.IJ:.IJ:HirrpJIHChKOl

J!K

C.

Te,

3atl:Ma10Tb

KOHl(eHTpau;il

Kpall(e

MOJI.[(aEChKO-IIOJibCbKe

rroceJIJIJIIICh

MiCl(e

MiCl(JI

M02KJIIIEiCTb

rrepio.IJ:

rHiTy

Ea2KJIIIEe

ETeq,

3aEopyiiieHb.

3aXi.IJ:HOyKpa1HChKIIX

rroqaJIIICJI

B

u;ett

rrepeXO.[(IIJIII

qaeMo

i

E

<j:>eo.[(aJibHOrO

6iJihiiiOrO

JIJI

CeJIJIHChKIIX

fyu;ynhll(IIHi

pyxiE

CeJIJIHChKIIX

3'JicyEaHHJI .[(a€

IIOCTiHHIIX

Ha

CeJIJIHChKIIX

HaiipliMOK

JIJIH-ETiKaqiE. TOpi!O

iCTOpil

rrpo

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

Ha

IlaEJia

rri.[(.IJ:aHIIX,

JIKi

5!6nyHiEChKoro

EII.[(aE

IIIICbMOEIIH


ImocmpoeaHa .[(03BiJI Ta

icmopi5l

BJiaCHIIKOBi

,Bi.[(i6paTII Ane

TJI2KKIIH

rHiT.

CbKOMY

l(i

CTapocTi

Mipii

He

i

Mir

2KOpCTOKi OneKca

YToporr,

MacoBoro

HIIH

IIocTyrroBo

Bi.[(

p.

He

3

IIpii 6IIB,

Bci€1

TaKoro .[(0

CeJIJIHII

ll,e

HaKa3yBaJia

CIIJiaTIITII

IIpOTII .[(aTKII

i

TIIX

B

y

yTpii,Ane

IIIJIJIXTifq,

IIIyKaB,

BeJIIIKi

IIIJIJIXTa -

aJie

Jiicii"

Hi (Ha

3aCTOCOByBaJia

3i3HaBaBCJI

rono.n:oM

opeH.[(HIIX

BTiKaq

MOpiiB". Ha6IIpaJia

.n:oroBopax

BJiaCHII-

rrepecTepirana

K02KHIIH

3

)l:.

rrpoTecTy,

HIIX

6y.n:e

cBoi"x

rroKapa-

3rO.[(OM B 3a

fiJihXeHT

(opeH.[(Hi

TO

3a

B.

Ma€TKY

F.),

3aXO.[(OM

a

IIOTiM

BCIO

3arri.n:o3-

,yHiBepcaJI

.[(0

3aiiJiaTIITII

.[(0

BJiaCHIIl(JI

BORa

Ma€TKY

pyxy.

J!6JIOHOBCbKOl IIpii6yB

rrepiiie xaH:

y

rpoMa-

OpeH.[(ap!O

O.IJ:HOCTaH:Ho ,XaH:

B6IIJIII

J!6JIOHOB-

ceJIJIH,

BII.[(aJia

2KOBHipa.

HaKa30M

rpoMa.n:a

rrorpo2KyBaJIII

IIpiiMyiiiyBaJia

ll,IIM

cTpa2K.n:a-

HaCIIJibCTBO

IIOKapaTII

ceJIJIHChKoro

HaCIIJibCTBa: -

BJiaCHIIl(IO

B6IIBCTBO

BTeqi,

CeJIJIHII

3aapeiiiTyBaB Tphox

<j:>nopeHiB.

BIIHy",

rro.n:aTKII,

MeTO.[(aMII

JIKOMY

JIKi

qifHIIJIII

KOCMal(hKi

J!6JIOHOBCbKa

HapocTaHHJO

HeqyBaHoro

p.

cKaprii IIIJIJIXTII.

KocMaqa, II(O

rrnaTIITII

17 39

JIK

IIpOTII

ceJIJIH

CTpiiB02KIIJIO

(<j:>aKTop)

200

3arro6irTII

.[(OXO.IJ:Y

pa3

IIOBIIHHOCTi

opeH.[(apiB,

JIIIIIHi

<j:>nopeHiB

IIIJIJIXTifq

l(hOrO .[(0

BTiKaJIII

BIICTyiiiB

3aBopyiiieHHJI

rpoMa.IJ:II",

,BII6IIpaTII

B

rraciiBHoro

.[(y2Ke

a

1.000

KOJIII

Mipo!O

Bcix yTiKaqiB.

He

5!6noHOBChKa

Bi.IJ:MOBJIJIJIIICJI

opeH.n:ap

CKap6HIIl(i

I

JI6JiyHiB-

p03.[(paTOBaHIIH

CeJIJIH

Herrocnyx"

Bi.[(KpiiTIIX

IIO.[(aTKiB

KocMal(hKOl

KocMaq

CKap2KIIBCJI

3JIOTIIX".

B6IIBCTBi,

HaMaranacJI

i

,2KO.[(HOIO

KaniqiiB

BORa BIIpiiiiiiJia 2KOpCTOKIIMII

y

6iJihiii

<j:>eo.[(aJihHi

BIIrra.n:KoBo

a6o

p03IIpaBOIO.

CrroqaTKY

XOTiJIII

me

IIOBepHeHHi,

ChKY,

peHIIX

He

BTeqy

M02Ke

BTeqaMII

2KOBHipa.

.[(y.

IIi.[(.[(aHi

CTapOCTOIO

KopqMi i

ll 3a

po3IIIyKaTII

HeraHHO

Teo<j:>iniJI

Bi.n:6ynocJI

Ha.n: JIJO.IJ:hMII. opeH.[(apJIM

He

40

Bi.IJ:

TJI2KKIIX

JI

BIIKOHyBaTII

,orrip

y

60

KIIIIIBel(bKIIH

II(O

CeJIJIHII

IIIJIJIXTIIq

rrepeXO.[(JITb

1739

Y JIII

3a

CTapOCTBO

Kapa

IIOJICHJOBaB i

,MeRe

KocMaqa

mo

IIITpa<j:>OM

CeJIJIHII

-

ryu;yniB

Ma€TKY

J!6JiyHiBCbKe

F.).

xapaKTepy.

rri.n:.n:aHIIX,

-

MaCOBIIMII

IIOKapaHHJI.

Bi.[(MOBa

U:JI

3

qeKaJIII

rpoMa.n:i

.[(aBaJIII,

B.

6opOTh6i

neHoe,

60

B

3p06IITII,

1x

IIIJIJIXTifq

IIpiiBO.[(JITh,

3HaHTII,

3alXaTII

l(e

.n:e

HaKa3yBaB

He

He

fyu;yJihll(IIHY Y

p.

IlaBJIY

BiH

Hiqoro

IIIyKa!OTb pa3y

HeJierKO oceni,

1731

147

3

IIi.[(.[(aHIIX".

pi.n:Hi

Y

ceJIJIH".

CBOlX

6yno

B

ToM

CeJIJIH-BTiKaqiB

BCiX

IIIJIJIXTi

rroBepTaTIICJI

MaTII

IlpuKapnammR.

3a

y

3arrpoTecTyBana BIIIIJiaTIIMO IIIIIIO

6epe

IIOHaC


148

BoJtoiJuMup

,!(i,!(IfqKa JIIICTi

3a

TY

IIOBi,!(OMJIJIJIOCJI

IIIOpCbKOrO HIIHII".

OTaMaHa,

CrroqaTKY

OTaMaHa,

a

B

rricax.

a

3rO,!(OM

rro6IIJIII

JIIOTOrO

1749

rrpo

BIICTYII

KOCMal(bKOl

IloBcTarri ryn:yrrii

B

JIKOrO

Ha

HhOrO

rpoMa,!(a CaMoro,

HacTyrrarrii 3

KocMaqa

CIIHa,

a

,!(arri

p.

B

O,!(HOMY

po6IIJia

KiJihKa

Ha oTaMaHa

3

rriiiiJIII

fHIIJihqe

c.

,cMepTeJihHO

IIpOTII

,Bi,!(i6paTII

Ha6irii

,qlfHIIJia

B

IIIJIJIXeTChKOMY

rpoMa,!(II

HaMaraJIIICJI

CeJIJIHII

036pO€Ha

TaK02K

H:oro

2

HarracTI,".

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

IIIe-

IIOJIO-

Ha

BiBqapiB

pa3iB

3aCi,!(KII"

pyiiiHIIU:JIMII,

poraTIIHaMII,

i

Harrarrii

Ha

rropy6arrii"

6araTiJI

B

IleKy-

rraHa,

6opoTb6II

cerrJIH

paBi. CKrra,!(OBOIO fyl(yJihll(IIHII IIIOrO Ha

qacTIIHOIO

6yrro

rri,!(HeceHHJI

y

,!\pyriH:

IlpiiKaprraTTi

HaMII

Haiia,!(aJIII

BaJIII

MaHHO.

Ha

aHTII<j:>eo,!(aJihHOl

KaprraTCbKe

y

1656

Ma€TKII,

BoHII

orropHIIM

ryn:yrrhChKi

B6IIBaJIII

CTBOpiiJIII

JIIIl(hKY IIpOTII

B

Pocil

i

IIOCTaBIIB

p.), ,He

II(O

PucyHoK XVII em.

B

IIIJIJIX-

OIIpiiiii-

M02Ke

MaTH

Bi!l:

70-x

cerra

Jl:O

IIpO,!(OB2KyBaB

rrpaBJIJIJIIICJI .,!(OIIOBiCTII,

6o

cT.

(qep-

KoporrJI

II(O

l(JI

36irrh-

orr-

p03BIIBaTIICb. B

y

3eMJIJI y

3eMJii

pyx

IIOCJiaM,

Jl:O

rrepe6yBa€

rrpii-

BIICTYIIII".

IIIJIJIXTa

HaKa3yBaJia

6yB

6e3rreqHoro

cerra,

XVII

poKax

He

CBi,!(qaTb

OIIpiiiiiKiBChKi

IIOCTiHHO

raBiHHi

faJIIIl(hKiH

rrepel3Jl:Y

p.

KO-

y

rrepe,!(

orrpiiiiiKiB

IIIIIJIIICJI

1671

p.

po3rpOMIITII

IlpiiKaprraTCbKa

onpuwoK.

yqacTi

)l,oKyMeHTII

1657

piiiiiKiB

1656

TaKIIM

pyx. pyx

IIIJIJIXTIIq

Y

3eMrri,

CTaB

3BiJihHIITII

Bi,!(

3aB,!(aHHJI:

il:YIIIeHIIH.

KapnamcbKUCi

farriiU:hKiH:

TpaBHi

IIIJIJIXTY

IlpoTe

BeHb

Ha

3MyiiieHIIH

KiB C hKIIH

3aXOIIJIIO-

IIpiiKaprraTChKIIM

fyl(yJihll(IIHi,

II(O

6yB

a6o

3aro-

BJia,!(II.

Ha

rpi3HIIM,

TOIO

HIIII(IIJIII

orrpiiiiiKiB

30KpeMa

cT.

BeJIIIKIIMII

3arpo3y

IIIJIJIXeTChKOl

HaH:6iJih-

XVIII

cepe,!(IIHi

IIIJIJIXTY,

Pyx

,!(OCJirJIO

orrpiiiiiKII

cepH03HY

pOJib

liKe

XVII

rrorroBIIHi p.

rryHKTaM

36poH:Ho1

OIIpiiiiiKiBCTBO,

qepBHi JIKi

Bi,!(-

BapiiiaBy, 3

IIOBiTaMII

He6e3rren:i

Bi,!(


ImocmpoeaHa CBOlX

icmopifl

IlpuKapnammR.

XJIOIIiB-OIIpiiiiiKiB,

JIKIIX

ToM

Ma€

149

3

Ha

KOp.[(OHaX

y

Jiicax",

T06TO

Ha

fyu;yJihiiiiiHi. Hatt6iJihiii 6II

u;iKaBoJO

MOJI.[(aBChKIIX

MOJI.[(aBCbKOrO

BaTa2KKa

CTaHOBIIIIIeM TyT y Bi

70-x

.IJ:O

B

Bi.[(.[(aB

rrpaBa.

p030peHi

HaCTYIIOM

Y

CbKOrO

1677 B

Y

cin

1681

p.

IIIJIJIXTi

Ha6paB

rroceJIJIJIIICJI

MaC

i

roHIIT-

He06Me-

IIOBIIHHOCTi,

3a .[(OIIOMOrOJO

He3a6apoM

B3JIB ttoro B

III06

He

y

3

3a6ono-

IIOJIOH.

Y

ropax,

HhOrO

3

BIIMO-

Bi.[(.[(aBaB

BIIHIIIIIYJOTh l(JI

Eop.IJ:K2K

HarraB"

p03MOBa.

BIICTYIIY

3eMJii

B

JIJO.[(ett". Ane

BORa

HapO.[(HIIX MeC-

fyu;yJihiiiiiHII. Ha

lEaH

Ha

faJIIIU:hKitt

BIIHHIIK

CIIiJihHY 6araTi

fyu;ynhll(IIHi

(ttoro

3ariH

IloJIJIHChKOl 3aroHaMII

y

3HYIIIaJIIICJI Ha.[( JIIO.[(b-

3BepHyBCJI .[(0

KiHqiiJiaCb

3aXOIIIIJIII

y

B.[(aJIOCJI 3

3eMni

II(e

BaciiJIJI Hapa.[(y,

Ma€TKII B

BIIHHIIKa,

crrittMaTII

cy.[(OBIIX

i

HaBiTh

Bi.[(3HaqaJIIICJI

TaK

3

OrrpiiiiiKII

HecTopa .[(e

6ynii MaJIII 2KIIJIII

Y

.IJ:iJIB

Ha3IIBaJIII

fni6II.

Ilepe.IJ:

o6rOBOp!OBaJIII

MarHaTiB:

KoBaJiiBu;i. MaJIII

TypoB-

OrrpiiiiiKII

.[(OBipeHIIX JIJO.[(ett

C.

)l:eJIJITIIH

BII.IJ:HO,

3aroHi

3B'JI3KII

T06TO

HarrpiiKJia.[(,

3

i

6araTbMa

BeJIIIKoro

CeJIJIHII

YKpai"HII.

pi3HIIX

Oco6JIII-

CeJIJIHII-BTiKaqi, IIIiCTh

rrpoBi.IJ:HIIKII

rro6paTIIMII,

,CJiaBHOrO

JIKoro

6yJIII

Ha.IJ:.IJ:HirrpJIHChKOl

CJI060.[(JIHII,

,orrpiiiiiKII

lX

6iJIJI

3i3HaHh

pyx.

3BaHIIX cno6o.[(ax.

Kanyiiia

CeJiaMII,

ttoro

OIIpiiiiiKiBChKIIH

3-IIi.IJ:

ChKIIMII

i3

i

Ha.IJ:BipHo1 .IJ:iJIB

BOHII

Ha.[(MipHi

rropo10

CIIpliMOBaHiCTb

36IIpaJIIICJI

p.

HecTopa.

aKTIIBHiCTIO

.IJ:3JOKiB

M.

3B'JI30K

faJIIIU:hKOl

BOJO

TJI2KKIIM

cenax.

orrpiiiiiKa" p03Maxy

qifM

Ha.[(aJOqlf lM

3BepHyJIIICJI

Ma€TKiB,

(1676-1682)

Ha.IJ:BipHitt,

IIi.[(TpiiMyBaJIII pi3HIIX

IloKyTTJI

apTopiiChKIItt

Eop.[(JOKa.

TJI2KKIIMII

OIIpiiiiiKiB

pattoHi

q

2KOpCTOKO

BaTa2KOK

IIOHeBOJieHIIX

OIIpiiiiiKII

IIJiaH .[(itt.

6opoTh-

Ha

BIIKJIIIKaHIIH

CeJIJIH

,HiqHoJO

BJiaCHIIKa

Bi.[(OMO,

BaTa2KOK Y

i

,KapaMII

poKiB

3

KoHOIIKY

aHTII<j:>eo.[(aJibHY

IIIiCTh

3arOHOM

JIKi

He

3aXIICT

IJeqeHIIK).

B

JIIICTa .[(0

.[(OKyMeHTiB

Matt2Ke

IloKyTTJI

rro6paTIIMiB,

JIIIXBapJIM,

rrpo

Ha

CTaHiCJiaBa

CBOlX

HaiiiiCaTII

Ha

IIOXi.[(

p.),

KpirraKII

BaTa2KKa orrpiiiiiKiB

rrpii6yB

Ha KCbOH.[(3a

HIIKiB

6yB

CBOl Ma€TKII,

HaCIIJibCTBa,

CBi.[(qlfTb

aHTII<j:>eo.[(aJihHOl

lOp itt

3.[(IIpaJIII

Bi.[(qaJO

opeH.IJ:Y

i3

opeH.[(apJIM

OpeH.[(api

BCiJIJIKi

OToqeHHi

3

MarHaT

qifHIIJIII

MOJI.[(aBChKoro

roJO

(1673

)l:oBe.[(eHi .[(0

orrpiiiiiKaMII TOBi

bOp.[(!OKa

poKax rroJihChKIItt

BJia.[(y,

rro6opii, MII.

crriJihHOl

OIIpiiiiiKiB

CeJIJIH.

3a .[(OXO.[(aMII

2KeHy

cTopiHKOJO

raJIIIl(bKIIX

JIKi

6paTiB )l:JOH-

BeJIIIKi".

rri.IJ:ripcbKIIMII

TOBapiiiiii,

l(e

rip.[(aBaJIO


150

BoJtoiJuMup

3Mory

):(06pe

qacHO

B

opeH):(apiB, 6yno

BifBqaTII

KiJihKOX

rreBHi

MicrrJIX.

JIIIXBapiB,

OXOITJieHO

II

a

6JIII3bKO

o6'€KTII

BoHII

3):(iHCHIOBaTII

BIIcTyrraJIII

rrpOTII

30

Ta

CiJI

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

He

CiJihChKIIX

HaiTa,[(II

JIIIIlle

rrpoTII

6araTilB.

faJIIIIibKOrO

i

O,[(HO-

IllJIJIXTII,

):J)JIMII

3aroHy

KoJIOMIIHCbKOrO

ITOBi-

TiB.

Y

90-x

KIIH

rrpaBIIBCJI Ha

XVII

poKax

cT.

3

HeHaBIICHIIMII

ripchKi

MicTa,

3ocepe):(JKyBaJIIICJI ryrryJihChKIIX qacTO

qacTo

Harra,[(aJIII

BniTKY

1698

HaH:6iJihllli JIK

p.

rri):(

,[(0

pylllHIIrrJIMII,

XVIII

KJiaCOBOl

CITpiiJIJIO

30KpeMa

CTBOM KIIX

cT.

Ha

Ha

CXO,[(i.

3HaMeHyBaB CeJIJIH

Ilo):(iJIJii.

3aJIBIIJia

peMa

rrpiiKOp):(OHHIIX

HaiTa,[(II". ITOKIIHYTII faJIIIqiiHY

CeJIJIH

3araJibHe

ypJI!J:Y

3MirrHeHHJI

Ha

rri TaK

eTaH

ITO):(il

pyxy B

3

pyxiB rri):(

JIIO,[(ell:".

Ha

12

He

BITJIIIHYTII

Ha

BepecHJI

rrpiiMYCIIJIO

CaH):(OMIIpoM

<j:>opTerrh,

JIKi

raJIIIrrhrrpOTII 1702

3eMJii,

raJIIIIihKY

Bi):( CBOl

IllJIJIXTY

ITOBepHyTIICJI

3BepHyJiaCJI

HaCTiHHO

p.

30K-

ITOBiTaX

3):(iHCHIOIOTb

Ha):(aTII !J:OITOMory BoRa

Ha

BO€BO,[(-

6opOTb6a

faJIIIIihKiH

ITO,[(eKy):(II

l]hOMY

ITpaBo6epeJK-

po3rJIJI,[(aJIOCJI

3eMJii.

Ha

HarrpyJKe-

IT O):(iJihChKIIM

6yna

80

Hanan II

3eMeJib. Ha

p.

3JIOTIIX.

po3BIITKY

MorJIII 3

lliJIJIXTa

rrpoxaHHJIM

IllJIJIXeTChKIIX

CIIJI aM II

y

3a

TorriprrJIMII,

KoJIOMIIHCbKOMY

BJKe

Ma€TKII.

1698

200.000

pyxy

pp.,

raJIIIrrhKiH:

JIKi

orronqeHHJI

CBaBiJihHIIX

lifO

He6e3ITeKy"

,faJIIIIibKOMY

CBOl

He

)loBrorriJIJIJI,

3BepHyJIIICJI

JIIIITHJI

Ha

MeJKyBana

CeJIJIHChKIIX

pliTyBaTII

HOBIIH

1701-1703

K03aKiB,

3pOCTaHHJI

ITOBCTaHb

y

,BeJIIIKY

Hocii<j:>a IloTorrhKoro

HeHHJI

TaKIIX

)leJIJITIIH,

qoMy

o36poeHi

3aXi):(HOyKpalHChKIIX

ITIITaHHJIM,

CeHMIIKaX

HapocTaroqoro Hapo):(Horo

y

36IITKiB

nypXJIIIBi

0CHOBHIIM

rrpo

17

rrnaHoM,

HapO):(HO-BII3BOJibHOrO

IllJIJIXTa

MicrreBIIX

B

cT.

BepxiBKII

cin

JlyHrii

, crriJihHIIMII

IllJIJIXTi

6e3rrocepe):(HhO

IllJIJIXeTChKIIX

ryrryJihChKIIX

rro6paTIIMiB.

p ora TIIHaMII,

6opOTb6II

JIKa

Ocb

po3-

TaKoJK

XVIII

IloKyTTJI.

<j:>eo,[(aJibHOl

BeJIIIi

Harra,[(aJIII

Ha):(BipHa,

orrpiiillKiB.

BaciiJIJI

po3po6neHIIM

3aB):(aJIII

po3rOpTaHHJI

faniiqiiHY,

KociB

rroqaTKY

JIIIXBapi

ceJIJIHII

rrpoBO!J:OM

3aKaprraTChKIIX

IloBcTaHrri

IloqaToK Hoi'

Ha

5!6nyHiB,

crriH:MaHIIX

po3opeHi

3a3,[(aneri):(h

KociB.

XVII

KyTII,

Ha

orrpiiillKII.

qonoBiK HOJKaMII,

opraHi3oBaHIIH

HarraB

OrrpiiillKII

opeH):(api

KociB,

6yB

JIKIIH

IllJIJIXeTChKO-JIIIXBapCbKOl

MIIKYJIIIqiiH

3a

3ariH,

HarrpiiKiHrri

,[(OITOMOrOIO

Ha

fYrrYJihiifiiHi

rH06IITeJIJIMII.

cTpaqyBaJIII

ITYHKTII

PoJKHiB,

):(e

MicTax,

cy):(IIJIII

OITOpHi

JKi,

Ha

ceJIJIHChKo-orrpiiillKiBChKIIH

y

,[(0

reTbMa-

,):(JIJI

rrpiirrii-

BIIMaraJia

BIIKoHyBaJIII

ponh

Bi):( 3ac-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

151

3

JIIIHiE Ei.[( EIIJIIIEY i IIpliMOrO HaTIICKY IIOECTaHl(iE I1 O.[(iJIJIJI ( KaM 'JIHU:JI, CHJITIIHa, CTaHicnaEa). Oco6JIIIEO II02KEaEIIJIIICJI orrpiiiiiKiEChKi EIICTYIIII Ha rroqaTKY XVIII cT. Y

1701-1702 pp. Ha fyu;yJihll(IIHi lEaH I1IICKJIIIEIIH opraHi3yEaE 3ariH

OIIpiiiiiKiE i3 p030peHIIX CeJIJIH, ripCbKIIX rracTyXiE, HaHMIITiE 3 TepiiTOpil IIoKyTTJI, EyKoEIIHII i 3aKaprraTTJI. Y H:oro 3aroHi rrpocnaEIIJIIIcJI

IIpoKirr KoE6aca, <l>e.JJ:ip IIpoKirr, lEaH KaprroEIIH,

qaK.

1703-1704 pp.

Y

BoHII

KpiiE.JJ:II.

EyKoEIIHII,

MaJIII

OIIpiiiiiKII

MCTIIJIII

IIaHaM

MIIKOJia TIIM-

3a CEOl i

cEoi'x rro6paTIIMiE y 6araThOX cenax

a i'xHiM orropHIIM

u;eHTpoM

IIicJIJI po3rpoMy 3aroHy EaTa2KOK

HapO.[(Hi

IIoKyTTJI

i

cTana qopHoropa.

IIIICKJIIIEIIH .[(eJIKIIH qac rrepexo-

1704 p. i3 CEOlMII OIIpiiiiiKaMII EJIIIECJI E 3ariH EaTa2KKa

EyEaEcJI, a E

lliiHTi, JIKIIH IIpOCJiaEIIECJI y 6opOTh6i 3 yropCbKIIMII <j:>eo.[(aJiaMII Ha 3aKaprraTTi. I1IIHTJI

3

y6oriiX

CeJIJIH

opraHi3yEaE

3ariH

OIIpiiiiiKiE

EqlfHJIE

Harra.[(II Ha yropcbKIIX <j:>eo.[(aJiiE, opeH.[(apiE Ha 3aKaprraTTi. Y 1701

p.

EiH ycrriiiiHO EIIcTyrraE rrpoTII <j:>eo.[(aJiiE y MapaMopocbKOMY, CaTMapChKOMY

i

EiiapCbKOMY

KOMiTaTaX

TJIM E.[(aJIOCJI CIIiHMaTII EaTa2KKa, 6iJihiiiOIO

CIIJIOIO

aKTIIEi3yEaE

Ha 3aKaprraTTi. IIpOTe

EIICTYIIII

YropCbKIIM

EJiaC-

EiH yTiK i3 E'JI3HIII(i i 3 ll(e IIpOTII

<j:>eo.[(aJibHOl

EepxiEKII

He JIIIIIIe E IIiEHiqHiH: Yropll(IIHi, a H: y TpaHciJihEaHiL IIpoTII

Hhoro

6yJIII

EJiaCTi

EIICJiaHi

yropChKi

EiHCbKa,

o6iu;JIJIII rpoiiioEy EIIHaropo.[(y. ChKi

EiHCbKa,

HaMip

3 MeTOIO

3HailTII

EcTyrrae

Ha

ryu;ynhChKIIX

H:oro

36epe2KeHHJI

CEOrO

rri.JJ:TPIIMKY y raJIIIU:hKIIX

IIoKyTTJI

Hanaro.JJ:2KY€

orrpiiiiiKiE

IEaHoM

86

KiJihKOCTi

3a

qoJIOEiK

rOJIOEY

yropChKi

BaTa2KoK, JIKoro rrepecni.[(yEaJIII yrop-

3E'JI3KII

IIIICKJIIIEIIM.

1704

EJiiTKY

3aroHy,

ceJIJIH,

p.

IIi.[(

a TaK02K MaJOqlf

rrepexo.[(IITh 3

KaprraTII,

Ei.JJ:OMIIM

EaTa2KKOM

06'e.[(HaHIIH

3ariH

IIpOEO.[(OM

lliiHTi

y

Ee.[(e

6opOTh6y 3 IIOJibChKOIO IIIJIJIXTOIO, opeH.[(apJIMII E ripCbKIIX OKOJIIII(JIX KonoMIIHChKoro JIIIXEapiE y M. JIIIXEapJI

rroEiTy . . HaH:6iJihiiiiiM

KocoEi, .[(e Ti

6yE

Harra.[(

Ha

opeH.[(apiE

3i6paJIIICJI Ha EeCiJIJIJI y HaH:6araTIIIOrO

fe.[(aJiiJI.

Micu;eEi

ceJIJIHII

rri.JJ:TPIIMaJIII

orrpiiiiiKiE,

3aoxoqyJOqii i'x cnoEaMII:

,BII i.[(iTh CMiJIIIEO, TaM Terrep EeCiJIJIJI". OrrpiiiiiKII HaiiaJIII Ha opeH.[(apiE,

qacTKOEO

MaHHO".

lliCJIJI

rrpo .[(aJibiiiiiH

lX l(IIX

pyx

IIOE6IIEaJIII, IIO.[(iH

IIOpaHIIJIII

y .[(2KepeJiaX

HapO.[(HOro repoJI.

He

,3a6paJIII 3HaXO.[(IIMO

AHTII<j:>eo.[(aJihHi

EeJIIIKe

lX

IIOEi.[(OMJieHb

IIOXO.[(II

lliiHTi


152

BoJtoiJuMup

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

I' YX OflPHWKIB

a.-. .. .-:,...._IIW'iooo ..........

_, ..........

A

B

BaTa2KKa

CMiJiliBliM,

rricHJIX,

Ha 3aKaprraTTi i Cli):(iB 3

y

,[(OKyMeHTiB

ripcbKoro

1714 i

p.

1717

i

. . . . -llto!.

MacH

3o6pa2KaJOTh

<j:>eo,[(aJili

Bep6H, 3HOBY

o6paHoMy

3aXO):(iB,

ll(06

ll(O

,[(0

CBOlX

BliCTYIIli

HarranH

Ha

IIpOTli

rrpo

<j:>eo,[(aJiiB.

IlHHTJO,

iHIIIi

MiCTa;

IIOHeBOJieHoro B

TpaBHi

IIIJIJIXTHqa

B

TOll

IlaHqliiiiHHa

KOHCTaTyJOTb poTMicTpy

,BliCTYII

KapaJihHliX

36iJihiiiyBaJIOCJI

JIKHtt

pi):(HliX. raJilil(bKOrO

1707

p.

Ta

2Ke

qac

CBaBiJihHOrO

qliCJIO

y

KoJIOMlil

BliCTyiia!OTb

6araThOX

3aroHiB

ceJIJIHli

3aropcbKoro;

BqliHliJili Halla,[( Ha lJ,eHJIBY 6iJIJI

Ha

JlecbKa,

He

6opl(eM

cepe):( Hapo):(y rricHJI

rrpliiiliHJIJiliCJI.

OIIpliiiiKli

HaCTyiiaMli

BaTa2KKiB

B2KliBaTli

He

Hapo):(Hi

HeCKOpeHliM

JiliCTli

MHKYJiliqliH

ryu;yJihChKi

p.

IIliCaB

,[(OBi):(y€MOCh,

cena

Crreu;iaJihHO

rrepeKa3ax. i

rro6yTye

orrpliiiiKiB

rrorpo2KyBaJili

3aroHH

MY2KHiM

):(oci

B'JI3Hlil(i

CeJIJIHCTBa

nereH,[(ax,

""'~

·-·

~·---·lil

ocrriBaHi

{

, _ . , -... _...,,.,..,.,,..

iHIIIliX.

Y

XJIOIICTBa".

6yno

CeJIJIHChKliX

HaKa3aHo BliCTyiiiB.


ImocmpoeaHa Ha

icmopi5l

IIoqaTKY

IlpiiKapiiaTTi

IlpuKapnammR.

30-x

3i6paBIIIIICh

6inJI

raJIIIl(bKIIMII

3BepTa€ThCJI TOU:hKoro BCTaHHJI

3

M.

ToBMaqa,

Ha.[(iCJiaTII 6yno

IIIJIJIXTa

opraHi3oBye

.IJ:O

i

cepiiHJI

3araJibHe

)l:JIJI

BiHCbKO

-

pyx

Ha

1733

p.,

oiionqeHHJI .[(JIJI

KpiM

reTbMaHa

.[(OIIOMOry.

qifcJieHHe

31

CeJIJIHaMII.

KopoHHoro

BiHCbKOBY

Bi.[(pli.[(2KeHe

153 aHTII<j:>eo.[(aJihHIItt

II(O

OIIpiiiiiKaMII

IIpoxaHHJIM

3

cT.

IIOCIIJIIIBCJI,

6opOTb6II

3

XVIII

poKiB

HaCTiJihKII

ToM

TOrO,

BORa

Hocii<j:>a

IIo-

IIpii.IJ:YIIIeHHJI KiJihKaCOT

IIO-

KiHHIIX

i

IIiiiiiiX. IIociiJieHHJI IIOXi.[(

IIi.[(HeCeHHIO 17 34 .[(II

ratt.[(aMal(bKoro

K03al(bKIIX

p.

Ha

y

raJIIIl(bKa

TpaBHi

IIOCTaHOBY JIOCJI,

II(O

Ky"

IIi.[(.[(aHi

B

p.

JIKIIM

Ca6aTa tt

CBi.[(qlfTb

oqeBII.[(el(b,

6opoTn6y

Y

y

i

Ilo.[(inni

3HaqHQ

y

tt

HIIX

3eMJii

i

Ha

B6IIBa!OTb

)l:eJIJITIIHCbKOMY

B

Y

IleTpo

IIOBCIO-

3B'JI3KY

CIIittMaTII

,CKpiiBaBCJI

Hill

3a3Haqa-

lX

HIIII(aTb

CTapOCTBi

Ca6aT.

TiKa€

3

B.IJ:pyre Mi2K

3

BIIHeCJia

.[(iJIB

lliJIJIXTi

B'JI3HIII(i

IleTpa

Ane,

JIK

IIpO.[(OB2KY€

Ca6aTa

JIIO.[(bMII",

3ariH

B.[(anocJI

CTaHIICJiaBiBChKY <j:>opTel(JO.

Ca6aT

y

,HeiipaKTIIKOBaHy He6e3IIe-

IIaHiB,

BaTa2KOK

Y

CeHMIIKY

IIi.[(.[(aHIIX".

<j:>eo.[(aJiiB

pyxy

OIIpiiiiiKII

CTpax.

Ta

CIIpiiJIJIII

He

B.[(aBa-

IIepeXOByBaBCJI

B

CeJIJIH- O.[(HO.IJ:YMU:iB.

l(i

qacii .[(i€ TaK02K

IIpOBO.[(OM

1727

p.

CeJIJIHII Ha

faJIIIl(bKOl

IIpOTII

IleTpO

BiH

1734

II(O

OIIpiiiiiKiB

yB'JI3HIITII

<j:>eo.[(aJiaMII.

OCKiJihKII

CiM' JIX

IIi.[(

3

CBaBOJii

KepyBaB

1IpaBo6epe2K2Ki B

HaBO.[(Jiqlf

IIIJIJIXTa

IIepiO.[(

ciiittMaTII

noch,

Bi.[(3Haqae,

CTBOpiiJIII .[(JIJI

2Ke

Ha

CeJIJIHCbKO-OIIpiiiiiKiBChKOrO

BIICTyiia!OTb

TOll

oiipiiiiiKiB,

pyxy

faJIIfqiiHY

<j:>eo.[(aJiiB,

CIIpaBi

Bi.[(KpiiTO

Ma€TKII.

IIIJIJIXTa

Ha 1734

,B

y

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

Haiia.[(a!OTb

l(IIM

BiHChK

Y

p.

HaCTYII

.IJ:iJIJIII

tt

1734

p.

fpiiropiJI

1734

Ha

iHIIIi

BCIO.[(II

CiJihCbKOrO

He3Ba2KaJOqii oiipiiiiiKiBChKIItt

pi3HIIX

i

6araTiJI

Ha

KOHi

Ha

Bci

i

MiCl(eBOCTJIX, IIIJIJIXTifqiB,

B

KYIIII,

3aXO.IJ:II,

mo

.[(e 1x

BOHII

IIaHChKIIM JIIIXBapiB.

faniiqeM

IIi.[(.[(aHIIX i MaJIII

B

AKTIIBHO

5

qepBHJI

3araJibHe OIIpiiiiiKiB

ceJIJIHChKO-

pa30M

HeCIIO.[(iBaHO Ma€TKaM

II(e

IIiiiiOB

IIOKaJITIICJI".

IIIJIJIXTa,

OIIpiiiiiKII

qQJIOBiK

JIJO.[(ett,

KpiiqKa".

IIi.IJ:

B2KIIBana

II06paTIIMaMII

opeH.[(apiB,

CeMII

BIICTYIIII

co6i

C.

IIpOTII 6

fyu;yJihChKi

3aB.[(aBaJIII

i3

CBOl

IIepeJIJIKaHa IIIJIJIXTa

BIIpyiiiiiTII

HapOCTaB.

MOJI.[(aBChKIIMII

fOCIIO.[(IIHa

opraHi3yBaTII

,CBaBiJihHi

pyx

IIoqaB

,3i6paBIIIII

BKpatt

piiiieHHJI

,ciCTII

3ariH OIIpiiiiiKiB

JIKIIH

)l:paHKa,

3aroHII oiipiiiiiKiB.

rpOMIITII

IIaTChKIIMII

)l:paHKII,

BaTa2KOK

IIpiittMae

OIIQJiqeHHJI,

y6IIBaJIII

p.

HeBeJIIfqKifll

i3

3aKap-

3'JIBJIJIJIIICJI

BeJIIIKOl

B

IIIKO.[(II,


154

BoJtoiJuMup

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

Y 1736 p. IIIJIJIXTa KorroMIIHChKoro IIOBiTy,

HeCIIpOM02KHa CBOlMII

6opOTIICJI

3

OIIpiiiiiKaMII,

Ha .[(OIIOMOry peryrrJipHi MaHa Ha

faJIIIl(bKOMY

ropax

y

6yrra

CeHMIIKY

,CBaBOJIJI

CJI BeJIIIKe

p.

IIIJIJIXTifqi

IIOBiTi

IIi.[(HeC eHHJI,

qifCJIO

1736

XJIOIICbKa

KoJIOMIIHChKOMY

3H aqH or 0

qyTII

BiHCbKa reTb-

Y TpaBHi

IlOTOl(bKOrO.

CKap2KIIJIIICJI:

CIIJiaMII

3aiipOCIIJia

B Ha-

IIOJIBIIJIO-

OIIpiiiiiKiB, .[(aiOTbCJI

Ta€MHi

lliJIJIXTa po3yMiJia, II(O OIIpiiiiiKiBChKIIH pyx y

Ha

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

3araJibHOHapO.[(He Pyx

rarriiU:hKIIX XVI 11

OJteKca J(oe6yut. KapmuHa

M

XVIII em.

a

crraBeTHoro

Hapo.[(Horo repoJI

ryu;yJihCbKe

OIIpiiiiiKiBCTBO

OrreKca )l,oB6yiii

2KIIH

B

1700

p.

(B

Ha

3arOHII

IIOJIOHIIHaX OIIpiiiiiKiB,

rroBiTy.

CMiJIIIBOCTi,

30-x

BiH

3aB3JITOCTi

BIICTYII

rri.IJ: rrpoBO.IJ:OM

Ha3BaHIIH )l,oB6ymyKoM)

6yB BiBl(i.

qopHIIX

JIKoro

p03Maxy.

CeJIJIHIIHa-KOMipHIIKa B C.

rpoMa.[(ChKi 3BaHIIX

3YMOBIIB

HaHIIIIIpiiioro

aKTax

MiCl(JI lX CTOJIHOK y qOpHoropi). TJIM,

y

IIpO.[(OB2KeHHJIM

X a p aKTe p

OrreKcii )l,oB6yiiia,

cy.[(OBIIX

TaK

orrpiiiiiKiB

CT.,

HapO.[(HO-BII3-

.[(OCJirJIO

B CiM'l y6ororo

KorroMIIHChKoro

rrac

IIOBCTaHHJI.

B

B OJibHIIH

.IJ:IIBCJI

rrepepOCTII

rrorrepe.IJ:Hhoro orrpiiiiiKiBChKoro pyxy,

HeeiiJoMoco

xyiJoJJCHUKa

M02Ke

Hapo-

IJeqeHi-

rracTyxoM,

pa3oM

3

Ili3Hiiiie

IOHaK

BCTYIIIIB

XJIOIIl(iB

(Ha3Ba

6aThKOM

IIOXO.[(IITb

y Bi.[(

3aB.[(JIKII opraHi3aTOpCbKIIM 3.[(i6HOC-

BiH

CTaB

BaTa2KKOM

OIIpiiiiiKiBChKOrO

3aroHy. IJepiiiiiH

rrepiO.[(

1738-1743 pp. 3rO.[(OM 3ariH.

Ha

Bi.[(iHIIIOB Ta6ip

aHTII<j:>eo.[(aJibHOl

CrroqaTKY OrreKca .IJ:iJIB

OrreKcii

3aXi.[(He 6yB

.[(iJIJibHOCTi

)l,oB6yiiia

i3 CBOlM 6paToM

IlpiiKaprraTTJI,

po3TaiiioBaHIIH

.[(e

OXOIIJIIO€

IBaHoM, JIKIIH

opraHi3yBaB

B qopHoropi,

Ha ropi

CBiH CTir,

3Bi.[(KII BiH i po3rOpTaB aHTII<j:>eo.[(aJihHi BIICTYIIII Ha IloKyTTi, nyKOBIIHi i

3aKaprraTTi.

CBOl rrepiiii IIOXO.[(II Ha <j:>eo.[(aJiiB )l,oB6yiii

3 KorroMIIHChKoro Ha

CiBepChKiH

rroBiTy -

COJieBapHi

B qopHIIX OcrraBax, JliOqKax. )l,oB6yiii

B6IIBa€

HeHaBIICHOrO

p03IIoqaB

Y 1739 p. HapO.[(OBi


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

JIIIXBapJI

JloiiiaHa,

3HIIIIIY€.

HapO.[(HIIH

rrax, y

ToBMaqiiKY,

i

3.[(0pOB'JI,

rpoiiii

-

A

.n:ae".

3YXBaJiiCTb

lliJIJIXTa IIIa,

HaMaraJiaCJI

rrpe.[(CTaBJIJI!Oqlf

qac

.[(OIIIITiB

B

TOMY,

CIIpaBe.[(JIIIBOIO

KpaCHOMOBHO

JIO,

TiJihKII

Ycrrixy

TOMY,

6opoTb6II

opraHi3al(iJI IIi.[(TpiiMyBaJIII 3HIIII(IITII ITO

3i6paB ceJIJIH

y 3

CIIJia BOMY ycrrixy

pi3HIIX

3ariH

0JieKCII

CTaHOBIIJIII

KOHCIIipaTIIBHiCTh, Miu;Ha

rri.n:TpiiMKa

B

poKiB

3

BiH

3a

6i.[(HIIM 3aJIBIIB:

Kpa1

KYIIOIO

3

3JiiCTh 3i6pa-

rnii6oKo

p.

Ha

BiHCbKO,

liKe

CIIpOTaMII

OCKiJihKII

He

a B

3

TaKTIIKa

6JIIICKaBifqHiCTb

JIKi

BCe6iqHo

BII3HaTII,

CIIpaBi

CKJia.[(i,

6opOTb6II:

TaKTIIKa

CBOlMII rep ott

Mon.n:aBiL a

B

6otto-

3arropyKy

HeCIIO.[(iBaHiCTh,

Bi.[(CTyiiiB, B

II(O

6opOTb6II

i

KepiBHIIl(TBi.

HaCTyiiiB

OrrpiiiiiKiBChKa

aTaKyBa-

crrpiiJIJIII .n:o6pa

Yropll(IIHII

KiJihKiCHOMY

OIIepaTIIBHOMY

l(e

.[(iTII.

JiereH.n:apHIItt

Bi.[(.[(aHIIX

TaK02K

i

,3 OIIpiiiiiKaMII

rrpiiTYJIKII". y6oriiX,

IIpo

ttoro

3MyiiieHIIH

BiH

ryMaHHOIO

2KiHKII

CeJIJIHaMII,

6yB

l(i

nyKOBIIHChKitt

BJiacTJIMII

3

B IIi.[(

)l:oKyMeHTII

HeBIIHHIIX.

3B'JI30K

YKpai"HII,

rrapTII3aHCbKa

CIIpOCTOBYIOTb

iCTOpiiKiB. 6yB

)l:oB6y-

,CMOKOM

CKJia.[(aJIIICJI

rraHiBHIIMII

IIoTOl(bKIIH

6yna

BIICTYIIII

JIKi

JierKO

17 42

B y

3aJIIIIIIIIJIIICJI

yMiJIOMY

ceJIJIH.

II(O HaM

yHiBepcani

KpiiB.[(IIB

II(O

CTpiJIJITII

Hatt6iJihiii

)l:oB6yiiia

3aroHy,

He

CXOBIIII(e

OKOJIIIU:h

Ta

HapO.[(OM

,IJ:oB6yiii

<j:> aKT,

Mil(HIIH

Ma€

.[(06piiH, 6i.[(II

)l:oB-

E 02K e,

ttoMy,

po36ittHIIKOM",

.[(eJIKIIX

HiKOJIII

)l:oB6yiiia Ba2KKO,

CeJiaX CBitt

.[(yci

Ta

iHIIIIIX 6araTiJI

ceJIJIH,

,,IJ:att

B

3-X

repoJI,

OneKca

TOll

IIOBCTaHl(iB.

3ariH

pi3HIIX

mo

orrpiiiiiKiB

3aroHy

Bi.[(

B

)l:oBrOIIiJIJIJI.

YTIICKII

IIpOTOKOJIII,

IIIJIJIXTII

He

.[(i€

IIi.n:ripcbKOMY

rrepe.[(

CY.IJ:OBi

3a6opOHIIB II(06

JIKIIH

rro6paTIIMiB

CBi.[(qlfTb

CeJii

II OTOU:hKIItt i

IIIJIJIXTY

orrpiiiiiKiB,

yKpalHCbKOrO

BCJIKOl

,CTpaiiiHIIM

JIIO.[(IIHOIO,

IIOJIOHIIHi )l:oB6yiii

ycrriiiiHO

6oprii, YTopo-

Kapae

cTpaTy

IIpii6yTOK

Bi.[(

B

IIIJIJIXTy"

IIpOTe

TB e p.[(2K eHHJI

rrepeKOHYIOTh

Ta

3HeCJiaBIITII

crrittMaHIIX

TeH.[(eHl(iHHi

3a

Hapo.n:y.

II OKYTChKOMY

ttoro

ropax",

ceJIJIHChKi

Bep6i2K,

HeHMOBipHi

-

Hoc II <j:>

Ha

c.

B6IIBa€

cepe.n:

6opOHIITb

)l:oB6yll(yKa,

Haiia.[(a€

B

KyTII

ripCbKOMY

3a

CeJIJIHII,

u;inoMy

XJIOIIa

3arrpyTChKIIX

i

B

.IJ:Bip

B

rroBary

HaC

3arriicaHi

MIIKYJIIfqiiHi,

Ma€TKII

reTbMaH

OIIpiiiiiKiB

6ynii

Ha IIIJIJIXeTChKi Ma€TKII

)l:oB6yiii

opeH.[(apiB

Ta

155

3

crraJIIITII

p.

ttoro

rOBOpiiJIII

, III IIpoKoBi.IJ:OMa

HIIX

1742

3acny2KeHy

3aCTyiia€TbCJI

.n:e

rraHChKIItt

J!ceHOBi,

IIIJIJIXTY,

3.[(o6yBae

HaC

B Y

3HIIII(Y€

Kapa!Oqlf 6yiii

rrarrepii,

rrorpo2Kye

IIoKyTTJI.

)l:i.IJ:YIIIKa

Bci

ToM

MeCHIIK Haiia.[(a€

rraJIIITh

6araTi€Bi

MiCTaX

i

a

BocKpeciHU:JIX,

MCTIITb

IlpuKapnammR.

a

TaK02K

ripcbKIIX

yMoBax


156

Bo!loiJuMup HeiiO.[(aJiiK )l:oB6yiiia HliM.

KOp.[(OHiB

pi3HliX

B

Hapo.r~y

oqax TaK

M OJKHliMli,

H:oro

rraMH

3aroHy .rlliU:il

flpoc!lae

HyH:

IIempax

yHiBepcanoM IIIa Ti

6yJili -

i

oco6HcTo

CIIiHMaHi

Ma€TKY

rro6paTliMiB

JIIOTOrO

BHpyiiiae

2500

JiiBCbKOrO

BiHCbKa

raB He

IIOIIIa.[(li, XOTiB

.riYIIIY, HliH.

III06

Tli

BniTKY

qaHChKY

rpoiiieil: 6iJihiii

1744

<j:>opTel(JO

p. i

.r~e

3a

,He

ce6e ITO

JIJO.[(eH

He

OneKca CIIaJIJO€

B

BaTaJKKa i

p.

B

IIpOTe

CIO.[(li

MyqliB".

3BepHyB-

CIIel(iaJibHliM

He

1744-1745

pp.

3ariH

EopiiieBi

Kapae

CeJIJIHChKliX

pyxiB

M.

lliJIJIXTliq

HapO.[(HliH aJie

3oJIOTHlil(hKliH

IIIJIJIXeTChKi

H:oro

MeCHliKa.

IIpliHIIIOB,

3.[(iilcHJO€

KpiiiOC-

B.[(aBaJIOCJI.

IIOKapaHHJI

HapO.[(HOrO

BliKYII,

,IJ:oB6yiii

Ta

IlpliKOpO-

rro6paTHMli ,IJ:oB6y-

3 OJI OTHlil(bKO ro.

rpoiiii

Hill

i3

HaCTyiiaMli.

1744

B

reTbMaH Ha

CTaHliCJiaBiBChKiH

,YTliXOMlip!OBaqa"

KoH CT aHTliHa

IIpOIIOHyJOqli

6paTli

B

,IJ:eJIKi

po3Maxy

qoJIOBiK

IIIJIJIXTli

BIIiHMaTli

HOBliMli

CeJIJIH

II OJIKOBHliK a- IIIJIJIXTliqa

HaHIIIlipiiioro

BiHChK Ha.[( HapO.[(OM

IIo.r~innJI,

Ha

3 a

KaprraTTJI

HaHaKTliBHiiiiOl .[(iJIJibHOCTi

rH06liTeJIJI

Ha

BaTaJKKa

IIOKapaHi

Bi.[(IIOBiB

qoJii

IliiieJiyChKliM,

Ha.[(iCJiaB

.[(0

eKcrre-

opraHi30BaHi

IIIJIJIXTli

IT OTOl(hKliH

6opoTn6y.

IJpoTe

IIIJIJIXeTChKliX

)l:oB6yiii

rrepiO.[(OM

,IJ:oB6yiiia

JKOpCTOKO

IlOTOl(bKOrO.

Ha 3HYIIIaHHJI

6yJili

i

oqoJIHB

CaMO-

HeBeJIHqKoro

.[(iJIJibHOCTi

CJI

BliCTY-

KapaJihHi

IIOJIKOBHliKOM

O!leKca J(oe6yUJ.

Herrepe-

B.[(aBa-

CMOJIJIKli,

MiCl(eBOl

rrepio.r~

caM

3aXO.[(iB

IlpoTH

.[(iJIJili

-

i

IIIJIJIXTa

pi3HliX

o6opOHli.

B

JIK

orrpliiiiKli,

ycrriiiiHliMli

)l:oB6yiiia, .[(0

CTBO-

re pOJIMli- BeJI eTHJIMli.

H aJIJIKaHa

JiaCb

y

HeHMOBipHOl

nereH.r~apHliMli

6ynH

3

H:oro 3ariH

BpaJKeHHJI

repoH:,

rpi3-

3'JIBJIJIJoqHch

MiCl(JIX,

CliJili.

po6HJia

HeBJIOBliMliM

ParrToBo

p!OBaB

Fpa6oeeu,bKUi1

Harra.r~

KHlirli,

MeCHliK ITO TBOIO

6yB Ha

6Jia-

CTpaqe-

Eoropo.r~­

3HliiiiY€

Ma€T-


BoJtoiJuMup

158 KII,

IIi,!(XO,!(IITb

,!(apJI

IIi,!(

YcrriiiiHi

IIIJIJIXTY

BIICTYIIII

aHTII<j:>eo,!(aJibHOl CJI

)l,poro6IIq

3errhMaHa

BIIKOHyBaTII

BTiKaJIII TiCHO

3i

cirr.

Ta

CBOlMII

y6oriix

IJepe6yBIIIII

Ha,!(BipHiH:,

Jl:O

IIIJIJIXTa

He

CeJIJIHCTBO.

3aXO,!(y:

XTO

Ha,!(3BIIqaH:Ho

IIOBIIHHOCTeH.

qifHi

CTerraH

,!(HJI

p.

Tirro B

3

IIJ;O

BiH

HOBIIX

TiJIO

Ha

MiCTaX

BrracHIIU:JI

Ma€TKiB

<j:>eo,!(aJIII

MaCOBO )l,oB6yiii fyl(yJih-

KpaJIX,

,!(e

CTerraH

Ha

B03IIJia a

IIOpaHIIB

cerrax,

mo6

,!(OBi,!(y€MOCh,

Ha

IloKyTTi

IIJ;O

,Ha

B

i

Bi,!(

y

<j:>eo-

MIIKYJIII-

caMoMy

B,!(arrocJI

23

ceprrHJI

HacTyiiHOrO

rpoMa,!(II

i

IIIJIJIXTII.

rrepeKoHaTII

Hapo,!(

KoJIOMIIHChKiH

reTbMaH

IIaJIJIX

aKTIIBHO

KpaHHhOrO

)l,oB6yiiia.

BIICTaBIIJia

p03BiiiiaTII

,!(0

BBeqepi

KOCMal(bKOl

rro

IIOTiM

CXOIIIITII

TaK

MoqepHIOK

)l,oB6yiiieBi

p.

COJIOTBIIHi,

3BiJihHIITII

)],3BiHqyK

oqax

B

JIKoro

B,!(aJIIICJI

-

1745

BeCHOIO

BiHCbKa

II006il(JIJIII

KocMaqi.

i

( ... )

CIIpaB",

-

JIKIIH

B6IIBl(IO

IIOBIIHHOCTeH

HaKa3aB

IIOCTpax"

B

paTy-

rropy6a-

11

cerrax

KHJI2KHa

3

3a

HIIIIJ;IIB

2KIITTJI

3BiJihHIIJia

,3aoxoqeHHJI

3HIIIIJ;eHHJI

516rroHOBChKa

IIpOBO,!(IIpli

Ma€TKII

IIpiiBiJie€M,

MeTOIO

T06TO

Teo<j:>irriJI

,B6IIBCTBO

iHIIIIIX

3a He-

IIOKYTChKOl

H:oro

iHIIIIIX

BCiX

Bi,!(

,!(0

KepiBHIIKiB

<j:>eo-

l(IIX

ITO-

OIIpiiiiiKiB-

3aroHiB.

AHarri3yiOqii

3

ripCbKIIX

BaTa2KKOM,

3HaHIIIJIIICJI

y

IlOTOl(bKOrO

HaropO,!(IIJia

XBaJibHIIX

aHTII<j:>eo,!(aJihHY

rrepeKOHJIIIBIIX

il:Y ,!(0

IIIJIJIXTa

p03pyxiB,

IIIJIJIXTII"

MO

,!(OIIOMOrOIO

CMepTeJibHO

3ariiHYB,

reTbMaHa

CIIOKOlB

ChKIIX

TaKi

IIOMep

qacTIIH

3a

repoJI,

Arre

,!(OKyMeHTiB

12

i

OrreKCa

IloKyTTJI.

IIOpa,!(OIO

,!(aJibHIIX

I

XaTi

repoH:

)l,oB6yiiia

TOMY,

IIIi. TII

CBOlH

HapO,!(HIIH

p03BIITOK

IIO,!(aTKII

rH06IITeJIJIM

Ilo,!(irrrri.

TO,!(i

)],3BiHqyK

MoqepHIOKa. y

opeH-

Bi,!(MOBJIJIJIII-

nyKOBIIHChKOl

TIIX

Ha

MY2KHiM

3HIIIIJ;IITb

,!(aJibHIIX

1745

i3

y

3arpo2KyBaB

3MOrJia

IIi,!(TpiiMyBaJIO

rroKapaTII

6yBaB

Ha

JIKi

,!(iJIJibHOCTi

rro6paTIIMaMII

PoraTIIHa

3

Ta

BIIJIIIBaJIII

CIIJiaqyBaTII

yci€1

qacTO

IIOXO,!(II,

po3rrpaBIITIICJI

TOrO,

p.

ripCbKIIX OKOJIIIl(JIX 3aKaprraTTJI,

HOBi

Jl:iHIIIOB

faJIIIl(bKa

JIIOTOrO

cerrJIH-ryu:yrriB.

3IIMY B

rroqaB

IIOKapaTII

IlpiiKaprraTTJI,

IIOBIIHHOCTi,

IJpOTJirOM

3aKaprraTChKOl,

3axiiru;aB

)l,oB6yiii

i3

ru;o6

1744

y

CeJIJIHCTBa

<j:>eo,!(aJihHi

B3a€MO,!(iJIB

IIJ;IIHII

TypKy, JIIIXBapiB.

OIIpiiiiiKiB

6opOTb6II

CBOlX

i

Ta

Fpa 6oeeu, bKU i1

BOJii

Ta

COl(iaJibHOIO

BIICHOBKiB,

,!(iJIJihHicTh

IIJ;O

BiH

COl(iaJibHOl piBHOCTi. HecrrpaBe,!(JIIIBiCTIO

6yB

OrreKcii

)l,oB6yiiia,

BIIpa3HIIKOM

IJpOTJirOM KapaB

CeMII IIaHiB,

Jl:OXOJl:II-

rrparHeHb

poKiB

BiH

Hapo-

6opOBCJI

opeH,!(apiB,

iHIIIIIX


160

BoJtoiJuMup

6araTilB,

HIIII(IIB

CaHi CeJIJIHChKi

IIaJIIIB lXHi

6oprii.

HecrrpaBe,I(JIIIBOCTi,

H oro

Ka.

qiTKi

i

Ma€TKII,

ll,IIMII

BOHII

B

ttoro

!l:il

aHTII<j:>eo,I(aJihHi

rrpiittmoB,

ane

3p06IIB Tiel JiaCKII, TO 6y,I(e

,B2Ke

He

JI

CBi,I(qaTb

OBOBIIJIBJieHi IIIJIJIXTII

BHoqi

Ha

KIIIO

cni,I(II

icHyBaHHJI

)l:oB6yiiia Ha

B

,1(0

piBHJI

YKpa1Hi

IIpOTII

Ha6yBaB

HeHaBIICHOl

BO,I(Hoqac

BIICTyiia€

lcTopiiqHa BaTII

MaC,

He

JIKi

JiereH,I(,

,IJ:oH6yrny

,I(aJIII

CIIBHi

,I(iJiqi

IlicJIJI

JIKIIH

rroqaB

1745

p.,

AHTII<j:>eo,I(aJibHa Ea10paKa

CIIOra,I(II

TpiiBana

orrpiiiiiKiBChKoro

rrpe,I(cTaBHIIKII

q

3aroHi

BiH

Ha

3BepHeHHJI

KapTKY

i

u;ett

)l:oB-

BIICTaBIIB

IIaHiB.

TaK02K

TpiiBanicTh

3aXOIIIIJIII

IIi,I(HOCJITb

,I(eCJITh

ttoMy

B,I(anocJI

IIpOTII

opraHi3y-

IIaHiBHOl

OIIpiiiiiKiB,

a

rrpo

tt

2KIITTJI

3aCJiy2KeHy

yKpalHChKoro

pyx

i3

3ariH

Hapo,I(y,

OIIpiiiiiKiB -

BCTIIr

po3rpOMIIJia 6o10

HacTyrrHIIKa

(1744-1754). rricJIJI

ttoro

cTaB

HapO,I(BiHKOM Ol(iHKY

rrporpe-

IIpO,I(OB2KyBaJIII

IlaBJIO

He

y

Bep-

ABcTpiL

HIIX

3ariiHYB

,I(pyroro

IIIIIpOKIIX

,I(iJIJihHiCTb

BIICOKY

)l:oB6yiiia,

poKiB

repott

rHiTy.

OneKca ,IJ:oB6yiii

0,I(IIH

,IJ:oB6yiiia,

EopJOqiich

HapO,I(HIIH

EyKoBIIHII.

repOJI

ttoro

COl(iaJibHIIM

pyxy.

opeH,I(apiB,

mo

3aXi,I(HOyKpa-

BIIpa2KeHIIM

exocnoBaqqifHII,

repo1qHo

,I(iJIJihHiCTh

3aroHy

CTaB

KHJI3iB".

6opOTh6y

rriceHb.

HapO,I(HOrO

caM

i

KaprraTChKIIX

B

,I(iJIJibHOCTi.

JIKi

JICKpaBO

TOMY,

3aKaprraTTJI

,I(iJIJibHOCTi: a

B

HaCTYIIHIIKII.

,I(iJITII

OIIpiiiiiKiBCbKOl KiHl(i

i

3

rrapTII3aHChKY

II OJihll(i,

3arii6eni

copaTHIIKII

,6o

Hau;ioHaJibHo-penirittHoro

OKyiiaHTiB,

OIIOBi,I(aHb,

Poci1,

CJO,I(II

Hal(iOHaJibHO-BII3BOJihHOrO

Hal(iOHaJibHOrO

Kpami

MyqiiB",

KOJIII

Hau;ioHaJihHO-BII3BOJihHoro

IIpiiKpaCIIJIII

6araTbOX

KepiBHIIKiB

cou;iaJibHoro

IIpOTII

JIIIIIIe

He

,MaHi<j:>ecTiB"

i

IlpiiKaprraTTJI,

rpomi

qac,

BIIKYIIY y

ypJI,I(OBl(iB,

Ha

rro

ttoro

rrpoTII

Bi,I(

3aXIICHII-

30JIOTHIIl(bKOMy",

IIIICbMOBi

BIIMaraJOqlf

)l:oB6yiiia piic

IIaHy

,HaiiiiCaB

IIIJIJIXTII,

CeJIJIH

YJIJ06JieHl(eM

Ha

BiH

3aiiii-

<j:>eo,I(aJii3My.

3acnyra ,IJ:oB6yrna

rpyiiii

XiBKII

ttoro

erroxy

BIICTYII

JIK

TOH

,IJ:oB6yiiia

BII,I(aTHIIX

B

JIJO,I(ett

B

6yJIII

MeCHIIKa Ta

6inhme T06i,

Bi,I(03B- ,KapTOK",

2KopcToKoro

3eMJii,

xapaKTepoM

,I(e

JIKIIX

(,He

BKa3yJO Tb

,MaHi<j:>ecTy

HaiiiiCaHHJI

6aqiiJIII

CIIpJIMyBaHHJI

TypKOIO,

IIOJibChKO-IIIJIJIXeTChKIIX

lHChKi

HIIX

IIi,!(

B

BiH 6opOHIIB CeJIJIH

BIICJIOBII TII

IIpiiqall(aBCJI

rrepe,I( 6paMOIO",

yMoBax

rHiTy

mo6

KJiaCOBe

,I(OKyMeHTII

,1(0

6opOTb6II

,I(ymy,

i

rrpo

6yiiia

pyxy

TBOJO

BIICIIOBi,I(aBCJI

IIIJIJIX")

H

rro

oco6i

KOJIII

6

,I(OKyMeHTII,

aKTIIBHIIMII ,I(iJIMII

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

Op<j:>eHJOK, po3rOpHyTII

IIIJIJIXTa 6inJI

,IJ:oB6yiiia

AKTIIBHIItt cMepTi

Haiipii-

,IJ:oBrorriJIJIJI. BaciiJIJI yqacHIIK

Ea10paK

o6II-


ImocmpoeaHa

---.........

icmopifl

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

161

3

1751 ,

• CtAa, •lli.nr~ :xuur 6.. 6all1pi1MQ

Iloxo()u

pa€

CTOJIHKY

B C.

Bacu/151

Ea10paKa

)l:oBrOIIiJIJIJI Ha

(1744-1754

nyKOBIIHi,

poKu)

opraHi30BY€

3ariH OII-

piiiiiKiB i po6IITh Harra.n:II Ha <j:>eo.n:aniB i opeH.n:apiB y KonoMIIHChKOMY rroBiTi.

BiH,

JIK i

H:oro

rrorrepe.IJ:HIIK,

rri.n:6IIpae

B 3ariH

po3opeHIIX i

rroKpiiB.IJ:2KeHIIX ceJIJIH II piiKa prr a TTJI, M on.n:aBil, Hanaro.n:2Kye Tic Hi 3B 'JI3KII

Y 1749-1751 pp. BIICTYIIII na!Opa-

3 .IJ:OBipeHIIMII 2KIITeJIJIMII B CeJiaX.

Ka HOCIIJIII JICKpaBO BIIpa2KeHIIH aHTII<j:>eo.n:aJibHIIH xapaKTep: BaTa2KOK MCTIIBCJI

3a

OIIpiiiiiKiB.

rHiT Ha.IJ: CeJIJIHaMII, na!OpaK

KapaB

3a

IIaHiB,

3aMyqeHIIX IIIJIJIXTOIO JIIIXBapiB,

IIaJIIIB

CIIiHMaHIIX

6oproBi

KHIIrii


162

Bo;zoiJuMup

opeH)l;apiB, II(e )l;JIJI

rrorpo2KyBaB

II(JIJIXTII

rrepe6yBaTII 3ariH M.

rH06IITeJIJIM,

B ropax.

B ropax,

EaiOpaKa

CTBOpiOBaB HeCTeprrHe

lliJIJIXTa Bi)l;KpiiTO

JIJIKaiOqiich

HarraB

Ha

EaiOpaKa

M.

Ipa6oeeu,bKUJf

KociB,

3aJIBJIJIJia, i

H:oro

CTaHOBII-

II(O

He

M02Ke

rroMCTII.

rrorpo2KyBaB

HacTyrroM

Ha

516rryHiB, p03IIpaBIIBCJI 3 opeH)l;apeM B C. P02KHiB, IIOCTiHHO ,CTpli-

C aB

IIaHiB.

farriiU:hKa CMOJIJIKiB

mrrJixTa

Ha

3

Y

1751

ChKIIX BiHCbK. 3ariH ro.

EaiOpaKa rrpii CrriH:MaHIIX

B)l;pyre

Bi!l:Pli!l:2Ka€

qorri

p.

3ariH

a

EaiOpaKa

3ariH

qepe3 p.

6yrro

3acy)l;2KeHo

He6e3IIeKII.

3

3aroHII

3ariH

mrrJixeT-

IJmerryChKOrO IIi)l;CTepir

qepeMom

i

po3rpoMIIB

2KopcToKo

EaiO paKa B )l,oBrorrirrrri,

BaTa2KKY B)l;aJIOCJI YHIIKHYTII

KaparrhHIIH

TaK02K oKpeMi

CMOJIJil(bKIIH

rreperrpaBi

orrpiimKiB

aTaKyBarrii

rrpoTII

IImerrychKIIM,

arre

H:o-

rroKapaHo.

Ha )l;eJIKIIH

nyKOBIIHII

BiH

qac

rrepeXO)l;IITb

Ha IloKyTTJI, Ta B C. 5J:ceHiB H:oro 6yrro IIi)l;CTYIIHO CIIiHMaHO i BII)l;aHO II(JIJIXTi.

3

Bi)l;6yBaBcJI paM,

a

20

24

ITO

cy)l;OBIIH

IIOTiM

3aCy)l;IIJIII

<l>.

KaprriHChKIIH,

II(O

rrepe)l; CMepTIO

1754

KBiTHJI

rrpou;ec

Hall:

)1;0

p.

y

2KOpCTOKOl

oqeBII)l;el(b u;i€1 CTpaTII, BaTa2KOK

CTaHIICJiaBiBChKiH

EaiOpaKoM.

naiOpaK

Horo

KpiiiOCTi

rri)l;!l:aBarrii

CMepTi.

TOpTy-

IJOJibChKIIH

IIOeT

3aiiiiCaB y CBOlX MeMyapax,

IIOIIpOCIIB

ripCbKY

JIKiH 3arpaB BOCTaHH€ CYMHi BepXOBIIHChKi il:YMKII.

COIIiJIKY,

IJiCJIJI l(hOrO

rropy6arrii

Ha

H:oro

qacTIIHII

Tirra po3Bimarrii ,Ha rraJIJix". IIicrrJI EaiOpaKa aHTII<j:>eo)l;aJihHIIH OIIpiimKiB

HaCTYIIHIIK lEaH

)l,oB6yma

EoH:qyK. Y

1758

pp.

pyx

IIpO)l;OB2KyBaB

BiH

1755-

Ha

qorri

HOBOOpraHi30BaHoro 3aroHy raTilB

,cTpJicaB Ha

6a-

fyu;yJihll(IIHi.

HaH:6irrhme rri)l;HeceHHJI orrpiimKiBChKoro rri!l: Cmpama

Bacu!l5l

24

Ea10paKa KeimH5l

y

1754 p.

CmaHuc!laeoe!

rrpoBO!l:OM

pyxy IBaHa

EoH:qyKa

rrpiirra)l;a€

17 59

BaT a2K o K

p.

Ha p o-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

3

6IITh .n:aneKi rroxo.n:II Ha IlpiiKaprraTTJI i ttoro

.IJ:iJIJihHiCTb

.IJ:iJIIITbCJI

Ha

.IJ:Ba

163

Ha.n:.n:HirrpJIHII(IIHy.

rrepiO.IJ:II

Bi.n:rroBi.IJ:HO

IIpiiKaprraTChKIIH

Ha.IJ:.IJ:HiiipliHChKIIH. BniTKY 3

1759 p.

IloKyTTJI

lEaH

rriiiioB

IIpiiKaprraTChKIIX

Ha

EottqyK 3i CBOlMII rro6paTIIMaMII-orrpiiiiiKaMII M.

EonexiB

JIIIXBapiB,

3HIIII(IIB 6araTO JIIIXBapiB,

-

BeJIIIKIItt

opeH.IJ:apiB opeH.IJ:apiB,

u;eHTp

3ocepe.n:2KeHHJI

IIpiiKaprraTChKIIX 3aXOIIIIB lXH€

COJieBapeHb,

MaHHO.

3.n:o6yTTJI

bOJieXOBa HaJie2KaJIO .IJ:O Hatt6iJihiii CMiJIIIBIIX .IJ:iH raJIIIl(bKIIX OIIpiiiiiKiB y

50-x

poKax

<j:>eo.n:aniB

Ha

2 2KOBTHJI

XVIII

cT.

6opOTh6y,

1759

p.

.IJ:Y2Ke

HaJIJIKano

KOpOHHIIH

crreu;iaJihHIItt

reTbMaH

yHiBepcan

IIIJIJIXTy.

Ill,o6

rri.IJ:HJITII

J!H

npaHIIl(bKIIH

rrpoTII

orrpiiiiiKiB

BII.IJ:aB Eottqy-

Ka, II(06 ,He Bi.IJ:HOBIIJIIICJI 3a .IJ:aBHiM IIpiiKJia.IJ:OM KepiBHIIKiB )l:oB6yiiia 6iJihiiii

B TOMY

B.n:aniitt KociB,

Jill

HacTyrr

IIicTIIHh,

JIJIHChKoro 1759 p.

Kpa!O

pyxy.

Haiia.IJ:II".

Ha

EonexiB

Ta

iHIIIi

EaHJO, PyHrypii, lliJIJIXTa

MicTa

5!6nyHiB,

,IJ:oJIIIHY,

HeTenyqi crrpiiJIJIII aKTIIBi3au;il ce-

faJIIIl(bKOl 3eMJii

Bi.IJ:KpiiTO

3aJIBIIJia,

II(O

B

,OIIpiiiiiKII CTaJIII OC06JIIIBO aKTIIBHIIMII, 60 He TiJihKII po6II-

CMiJIIIBi

HaCTYIIII

KOHTpii6yu;iJO,

ane

Ha

IIIJIJIXTY

rroqaJIII

B

ripcbKe

MiCTaX

cenax,

CeJIJIHCTBO

3HiMaJIII

IIi.IJ:HiMaTII .IJ:O

y

HIIX

3Blfqatt-

HOrO IIOBCTaHHJI". HapocTaHHJI ceJIJIHChKo-orrpiiiiiKiBcbKoro pyxy rri.n: rrpoBO.IJ:OM qyKa

Bi.IJ:HOBJIJOBaJIII

IIIJIJIXTa He

,.IJ:JIJI

6y.n:yqlf

.n:orroMorii. OIIpiiiiiKiB 2KIIM

)l:oB6yiiia,

YTIIXOMIIpeHHJI

B

CIIJii

J!H

3aHeiiOKO€Ha

CaMa

EpaHiU:hKIItt

3

CeJIJIHCTBa",

OIIpiiiiiKaMII,

po3CIIJiae

Eott-

IIpiiKaprraTCbKa

36yHTOBaHoro

OIIpiiiiiKiB

p03IIpaBIITIICJI

feTbMaH

3aiipOCIIJia

yHiBepcaJIII

rrpoTII

Bi.IJ:pli.IJ:2Ka€ KOpOHHi BiHCbKa Ha qoJii 3 raJIIIl(bKIIM xopyH-

Jl:i.n:yiiiiiU:hKIIM.

3acy.n:2KeHi

qacii

Ha

,IJ:eJIKi

3

orrpiiiiiKiB

EottqyKa

6ynii

crrittMaHi

cMepTh.

Ha OCHOBi 3i3HaHb OIIpiiiiiKiB, JIKi BOHII .IJ:aBaJIII IIIJIJIXeTCbKOMY CY.IJ:OBi, 6aqiiMO, mo .n:o6pa opraHi3au;iJI 3aroHy, BIIrrpo6yBaHa rrapTII3aHChKa TaKTIIKa Ta Mil(Hi 3B'JI3KII

3 HapO.IJ:OM

CIIpiiJIJIII ycrriiiiHOMY HaCTYIIY 3aroHy

EottqyKa. IloJIBa orrpiiiiiKiBChKOl cTapiiiiiHII B 3aroHi EottqyKa 3HaMeHyBana Kpamy opraHi3au;iJO.

I'ipcbKe ceno J!ceHiB 6yno ronoBHOJO CTOJIH-

KOJO 3aroHy EottqyKa, JIK KOJIIICh 3aKaprraTChKe ceno J!ciiHJI HOJO ,cTOJIIIl(eJO" ,IJ:oB6yiiia, a 6yKoBIIHChKe ,IJ:oBrorriJIJIJI J! CeHOBi BaB

3

KOMIIJieKTyBaJIIICJI MiCl(eBIIM

OIIpiiiiiKII, TYT 3ariH

HaCeJieHHJIM

IIIIIpOKi

3B' JI3KII.

Bi.IJ:IIOqiiBaB,

Y

cBoepi.n:-

Ea10paKa.

3aroHi

B

IIi.IJ:TpiiMy6yJIII

CBOl


164

Bo;zoiJuMup

Fpa6oeeu,oKui1

/JOITtJHQ \

o ...

\.\

'"

"' ' ... ' ' ~'

Q

ron061fO ClTlOIIIfJ(U JlltOIHj

16affa fioUvfpfU 3QtON!J 1. /ioU~!JIIO :

f!oxoilu

••• .• !755polly · - - 1756 - t?Jbpp. - - - I 759 p. Oeclfa -1759p. 2J.YI. - S.VII. 1759p.ociitb • Ce/la,GRlfux cl!nR,.J niarrrpu My6anu

3!1~ff

IloxoiJu

1.6otiv!JIIO 3acoHy

IeaHa

Eoi11.fyKa

1755-1759

Ha

Fyu,yllbUfUHi.

pOKU

rnrcapi, JIKi rrrrcanrr ,aTecTarrii"" ):(JIJI BiJihHoro rrepexo):(y orrprrnrKiB qepe3 MicTa i cena Ta Bi!J:03BII 3 rrorpo3aMrr !J:O rraHiB. BniTKY

1759 p., rrepe):( 3araJihHIIM HacTyrroM

lliJIJIXeTChKIIX

BiH:chK,

EoH:qyK 3 2KMeHhKOIO HaH:6nrr2Kqrrx copaTHIIKiB rrepexo,[(IITh 3 IloKyTTJI Ha YKpai"Hy, B 3arropi3bKY Ciq. Ilprr6yBnrrr CIO!J:II, EoH:qyK 3YITIIHJI€ThCJI

B

IJepeJICJiaBChKOMY

KypeHi

OTaMaHa

Koqy6eJI.

3Bi):(CII

lEaH

EoH:qyK ,3 rip" Ta lrHaT MapynraK ,i3-3a ,IJ:Hirrpa" crriJihHIIM 3aroHoM orrprrnrKiB i K03aKiB BrrH:nrnrr i3 3arropi2K2KJI i rrepeH:nrnrr Ha IlpaBo6epe2K2KJI,

!J:OITOMararoqrr

raH:):(aMaKaM

y

6opoTn6i

3 lliJIJIXToro.


ImocmpoeaHa

6.

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

3eMrri,

TiCHOMY

B3a€M03B'JI3KY

3

IlOTJir CeJIJIH

30KpeMa

eKOHOMiqHoMy,

Ha.IJ:.IJ:HirrpJIHChKOIO fyu;yJihll(IIHII

CeJIJIHChKO-K03al(bKIIX

Bi.IJ:HOCHO

1648-1654 pp. TYT CBOIO BaJIIICJI

BJia.IJ:y.

B

IJpo

BTeqi

B

Iliiiil(i, B

qoMy

HapO.IJ:HIIX poKax

rriiiiJIII

O.IJ:IIH

B

KII€Bi",

XMeJieBifq

Ta

a

MaJIII

Micu;e

CB060.IJ:OIO

B

KYJihTypHOMY

Ha TepiiTOpil

IIOCTiHHi

-

Ha

MiCl(JIX

Ha.IJ:-

3aBopyiiieHHJI

YKpalHY

CaTaHOBi,

IIIiCTb

ciqHJI

aKTIIBi3y-

JieBeHl(iB, .IJ:eHHe-

3HaXO.IJ:IIMO

Te,

mo

qoTIIpii

<l>e.IJ:ip

3aKpiiiiiTII

raH:.IJ:aMaKiB.

rrpo

3 JlaHqiiHa,

OC06JIIIBO

OIIpiiiiiKiB,

cT.

3aiiiiCII

IIOBi.IJ:OMJIJIB 21

l(IIX

MeCHIIKiB

XVIII

JIKIIHCh

y

YKpa1HoiO.

JIKi

CaMe

CeJIJIH-ryu;yrriB

3YCTpiqa€MO

20 cerrJIH, JIKi

6yTII

IIOJiiTifqHoMy

rrepe6yBarrii

CerrJIHII Ilo.IJ:irrrrJI, HarrpiiKJia.IJ:, KOpiic-

6iJihiiiOIO

0Cb

30-70-x

.IJ:JKeperrax,

fyu;yrrhll(IIHa,

He .IJ:aBaJIII MOJKJIIIBOCTi IIIJIJIXTi IIOIIIIIpiiTII i

BIICTYIIII

a

ryu,yJibiii,HHH

Ha CXi.IJ: YKpalHII IIOJICHIO€TbCJI BIIJIIIBOM

IIOBCTaHb,

.IJ:HiiipliHII(IIHII B XV1I-XVIII cT. TyBaJIIICJI

3B'H3KH

Ha,l1,.zJ,uinpHHChKOIO YKpaiuom

3axi.IJ:HOyKpa1HChKi IIOCTiHHOMY

165

3

EKOHOMiqui Ta UOJiiTuqui

3

KiB,

ToM

1725

B

pi3HIIX

XVIII

cT.

3

ocirrii B MeJKII6oJKi, .IJ:Ba

-

,JKIIB

3ra.IJ:KII

B cepe.IJ:IIHi

B y

p.,

3iHhKOBi,

EirriH: II(O

IIIiCTb

llepKBi".

BiH

,Marro

llirrJIXTIIq

,yTiKIIIOrO

qQJIOBi-

Ka 3 JKiHKOIO i .IJ:iThMII 3 IJeqeHiJKIIHa CIIiHMaB, JIKIIH, IIOKIIHYBIIIII TaM Bee,

3

HeMarroiO

KpiM Taro, JIJIMII

xy.IJ:o6oiO

ryu;yrrhChKi

Bi.IJ:XO.IJ:IIB

BaTaJKKII

H a.IJ:.IJ:HiiipliHII(IIHII,

Ha

YKpa1Hy".

orrpiiiiiKiB

ITO CTiHHO

crrirrKyBaJIIICJI

IIi.IJ:TpiiMyBaJIII

3

3 JKIITe-

HIIMII

3B 'JI3KII.

Bi.IJ:OMO, mo y ,crraBHoro orrpiiiiiKa" HecTopa, JIKIIH .IJ:iJIB Ha )l,irrJITIIHII(IIHi,

y

,CII.IJ:iB

80-x poKax XVII

Ha

0.IJ:HIIM

3

II(IIHOIO

BY3JIOBIIX

IIYHKTiB

Ha.IJ:.IJ:HirrpJIHII(IIHOIO

3ra.IJ:yBaJIOCJI. oco6rriiBoro XVIII

cT.

6yB

rro6paTIIM

qorriJIK-KocTIIIIIaK,

mo

YKpa1Hi".

IJoqaTKaMII po3BIITKY

y

eKOHOMiqHifX

6yrra

TopriBJIJI

CBOlMII TOpriBJIJI

Ha6yBa€

B .IJ:pyriH:

3B'JI3KaX MiJK cirrrriO,

CJira€

rrpo

.IJ:aBHhOrO

rrorroBIIHi

XVII

-

fyu;yrrhmo

BJKe

rrepiO.IJ:Y

H

cepe.IJ:IIHi

CT.

MacoBe

BIIp06HIIl(TBO

HJIX fyu;yrrhll(IIHII HIIX orrepau;iH:.

COJii

XVII-XVIII

B KOpOJiiBChKIIX cT.

crrpiiJIJio

qacTIIHa roToBo1 corri

IIpiiBaTHIIX COJieBap-

rroJKBaBrreHHIO ToproBerrh-

36yBarracJI

Ha Micu;eBIIX piiHKax,


BoJtoiJuMup

166 a

Fpa 6oeeu, bJW i1

3):(e6inhiiioro po3B03IInacJI coneToproBU:JIMII Ha IIo):(innJI,

PJIHII(IIHY i

IIpoTJiroM XYII-XYIII u;iB

3

peani3au;il

cT.

CTBOpiiniich crreu;ianhHi

ryu;ynhChKOl

coni.

lcHyBanii

JIKi B TOroqacHIIX aKTaX Ha3IIBaniiCJI MacoBe

Ha):():(Hirr-

B Einopyci10. rpyrrii ToproB-

Micu;eBi

coneToproBu;i,

nrrpaconaMII". i ll IIIIIpOKa peani3a-

BIIp06HIIl(TBO coni Ha fyu;ynhll(IIHi

l(iJI Ha YKpalHi CIIpiiJinii BIIHIIKHeHHIO BeniiKOl rpyiiii coneToprOBl(iB Ha Ha):():(HiiipliHII(IIHi, JIKIIX Ha3IIBanii ,[(IITb Bi!J: KonoMIIl II epeBa2KHO crroqaTKY

rpyrraMII

,[(0

BOHII

KonOMIIl,

fyu;ynhll(IIHII, ):(e Banii

nKOnOMIIHl(JIMII"

ronoBHoro u;eHTPY TopriBni

a

IIpii6yBanii IIOTiM

3

ycix

BIIl2K,[(2Kanii

3aKyrroByBanii 6oqKII coni

Ha TOBapii)

i

IIOBepTaniiCJI

Ha3a,[(.

(Ha3Ba IIOXO-

ryu;ynhChKOl coni).

yKpalHChKIIX B

coneBapHi

(3a rpoiiii

3eMenb l(eHTpii

a6o o6MiHID-

IIepe6yBa!Oqlf

Ha

fyu;ynh-

II(IIHi, Ha,[():(HiiipliHChKi KOnOMIIHl(i, 6 e 3II e peqHo, IIpiiHOCIInii 3 CO 6 010 BicTi

3

YKpai"HII,

YKpalHII HanbHe Y

IIpOTII

3HailoMIIniicJI

3 2KIITTJIM,

IIInJIXeTChKOrO

rHiTy

3a

rrpau;e10

CBO€

Ta

6opoTn6o!O

COl(ianbHe

Hal(iO-

BII3BOneHHJI.

16 61

p.

KIIlBChKIIH

Hi2KIIHChKIIH

BO€BO,[(II

IIOBi):(OMnJinii

BO€HHi ):(il reTbMaHa IIeTpa }J:opoiiieHKa Ha OCHOBi n!J:OHeCeHb

rrpo

KOnO-

MIIHl(iB, JIKi rrpiil2K):(2Kanii B KII1B 3 KonoMIIL OcHOBHIIH IIInJix KonoMIIHU:iB, II(O IIpiiB03IInii cinh 3 fyu;ynhll(IIHII Ha JliBo6epe2K2KJI, IIpOXO,[(IIB qepe3 <j:>oprrocTII

BaciinhKiBChKOl 3acTaBII.

TIIX, II(O IIpOl2K,[(2Kanii KOp):(OH, y

35

HaceneHIIX rryHKTiB JliBo6epe2K2KJI,

H i2KIIHChKOMY, rronKax.

II e peJicnaBChKOMY,

qyMaKII

Y

KHIIrax peecTpau;il

1725 p. 3aiiiiCaHi 2KIITeni 6inhiii JIK

II p aBo 6 e p e2K2KJI,

po3TaiiioBaHIIX y

II piinyu;hKOMY mo

KIIlBChKOMY,

qepHiriBChKOMY

rrpoxo,[(IInii

3

ryu;ynhChKOIO

cinn10 qepe3 KII1B Ha JliBo6epe2K2KJI, 6ynii 2KIITenJIMII ):(eB'JITII MicT IIIeCTII cin. Y

1738 p. K03al(bKa CTapiiiiiHa i IIOMill(IIKII Bi):(IIpaBIInii B

KonOMIIIO ITO cinh n!J:OBipeHIIX

K03aKiB i cenJIH 3i CBOlMII

B03aMII IIi):( ,[(OrnJI,[(OM

oci6".

€ 6araTO 3ra,[(OK rrpo rrepe6yBaHHJI KOnOMIIHl(iB B MiCTaX IIiBHiqHo3aXi):(HOl qacTIIHII JliBo6epe2K2KJI. TaK, B IIpiinyKax, Jly6Hax, IIIIpJITIIHi,

KoHcTaHTaHoBi,

HaniqyBanocb qeTBepo

30

Mill(aH

MIIpropo):(i

KonoMIIHU:iB, c.

iHIIIIIX MicTax Jly6eHChKoro rronKy B Hi2KIIHi

BaciinhKiB l3,[(IInii

Ha

36,

6aHi". Ear a To KonoMIIHU:iB 2KIIno B MicTax IIo):(innJI. B 3 ConOTBIIHChKOl i

IIeqeHi2KIIHChKOl coneBapeHb

32.

IIepeJicnaBi

fyu;ynhll(IIHY

niiO

cinh ,[(0

1710-1720 pp.

n6panii

cinn"

BiH-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

167

3

HIIl(hKi KYIIU:i. )l:Bi rpyiiii qyMaKiB i3 napa IIOCTiHHO KyrryBanii cinh B JlaHqiiHi, KpiM

6ynii TaK02K Kyrru;i coni,

II(O

3

Eyiiii.

6yna OCHOBHIIM

qyMal(bKIIM

TOBapOM,

KOnOMIIHl(i

Ha fyu;ynhll(IIHY IIpiiB03IInii 6 oqKoBy Ta 3aconeHy pii6y i3 3 arr 0 pi2K2KJI rrpo.r~yKTII

Ta ,IJ:oHy, BIIpo6II Micu;eBoro peMe en a, TOBapii i CTBa i TBapiiHHIIl(TBa IIpli2KY, rOBl(i

3ani3o, .[(hOrOTh,

O.[(Jir,

rrpiiB03IInii

CYKHO, .[(hOrOTb, ni2KHIIKII, TopriBnJI ryu;ynii

20

3

Ma2K

KIIniiMII,

25

Be3nii

36po!O.

KIIlBII(IIHY

Benacb y

TOBapaMII

Eepe3oBa

CMony,

IIo.r~innJI,

Ha

3eMnepo6-

xni6, IIIIIOHO, Me.[(, TIOTIOH, Macno, cano, niH:, fyu;ynhChKi

coneTOp-

JliBo6epe2K2KJI

carr'JIH,

BOBHY Ta iHIIIi TOBapii.

BeniiKIIX po3Mipax.

Ma2K,

a

KOnOMIIHl(i

TaK, 3

1718 p.

y

M e.[(2KII6 02Ka

TOBapiB.

IIi.[( qac BO€H, erri.[(eMiH, CTIIXiHHIIX niiX B OKpeMIIX MiCl(JIX YKpalHII Bi.[(6yBaBCJI

BeniiKIIH

HaiiniiB

HaBrraKII.

u;ynhll(IIHY,

B

Haiia.[(y TaTapCbKIIX Op.[(, IIInJIXTifqiB,

y

qyMaKiB

Ha.[(.[(HiiipliHChKIIX

ToroqacHIIX

KOnOMIIHl(iB

yMoBax

Ha

fy-

rrocTiilHo1 He6e3rreKII

po3rHy3.[(aHIIX IIInJIXeTChKIIX BiHChK, CBaBoni BIIpo6nJiniiCb

CBO€pi.[(Hi

MeTO.[(II

CaM03aXIICTy.

KonoMIIilu;i iliiinii BeniiKIIMII BanKaMII, qacTo u;iniiMII po.[(IIHaMII (6aThKII 3 CIIHaMII), 6ynii 036pO€Hi, Manii CBOrO KepiBHIIKa-OTaMaHa, KaiiiOBapa i rrepeBa2KHO 3.[(iHCHJOBanii rOCIIO.[(apCbKIIX IIpoTJiroM roBu;i

Bena

XY-XYIII

rrpoKnanii

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

cT.

ryu;ynhChKO-Ha.[(.[(HirrpJIHChKi

TOproBenhHi

Ha KonoMIIJO

,3BapHIIU:hKa"

Ha3IIBanii

IIO.[(Op02K IIi.[( qac Ba2KniiBIIX cinhChKO-

po6iT.

(a6o

,conJIHOIO

-

i

IIInJIXII.

.r~ani

TOpii,

faniiq,

Kr3oBy,

BIIHIIKHeHHJI

€3yrrinh,

Ko3iB,

B03IInii

TOpriBni

cinn10

KonoMIIl Ha

IIi.r~raH:qiiKII,

-

-

Ha

11

me

coneTopHIIIna

3

II O.[(innJI B

aKTax

13 ryu;ynhChKIIX TepeHiB

i3

fBi3.[(el(h,

fopo.r~eH­

ConoTBIIHa qepe3

EinhiiiiBu;i, 3aBaniB,

IIi.r~KaMiHh

BCe

apTepiJI

.r~opora,

cinh.

.r~pyriiH:

coneToproBenhHoro

TOBapHo-rpOIIIOBIIX Bi.[(HOCIIH )l:o

3

,rrpaconhChKa") He!O

KaM'JIHeu;n-IIo.r~inhchKIIil",

ropo.r~qaHII,

cxi.r~.

Ha

O.[(IIH IIInJix iiiioB ,6inJI II'JI.[(IIK Ha KY,

fonOBHa

IllyMnJIHII,

Eo-

IIoTy-

Eyr.

rrpoMIIcny

crrpiiJino

po3BIITKY

Ha YKpalHi.

IIIIIpiiie

3anyqaJOTbCJI

Hailpi3HOMaHiTHiiiii

BepCTBII HaceneHHJI JIK fyu;ynhll(IIHII, TaK i Ha.[(.[(HiiipliHII(IIHII, OCHOBHIIMII IIOCepe.[(HIIKaMII Mi2K JIKIIMII 6ynii KOnOMIIHU:i; BII.[(inJIJOTbCJI .[(Bi KaTeropil coneToprOBl(iB: KOnOMIIHl(i, T06TO Ti TOprOBl(i, JIKi IIpii6yBanii 3 pi3HIIX Micu;h

H a.[(.[(HirrpJIHII(IIHII,

II o.r~innJI i crreu;iani3yBaniicJI


168

BoJtoiJuMup

Ha ITepeiTpo,I(a2Ki ryu;ynhChKOl coni,

Fpa 6oeeu, bJW i1

coneToprOBl(i 3 fyu;ynhll(IIHII Ta

iHIIIIIX Micu;h KonoMIIHII(IIHII. Bi!l:OMIItt

yKpalHChKIItt ,I(ocni,I(HIIK

ITpOMIIcny XVIII

I. C. Cna6eeB Bi,I(3Haqae, mo B ITepeiTIIC-

ITepiiio1 ITonoBIIHII XIX cT. HIIX KHIIrax 1666 p.

qyMal(bKoro

6araTO 3ra,I(OK ITpO Ha,I(,I(HiiTpliHChKIIX KOnOMIIH-

l(iB, JIKi 2KIInii y 6araTbOX MiCTaX i MiCTeqKaX JliBo6epe2K2KJI, 30KpeMa B EaTypiiHi,

KoHoToiTi,

Hi2KIIHi,

KoBenhChKy.

cBi,I(qeHHJI

ITpo

Te, mo cepe,!( KonoMIIttu;iB 6ynii tt cenJIHII. TaK, y u;apchKitt 2KanoBaHitt rpaMOTi, ,I(aHitt Jly6eHCbKOMY ITOnKOBHIIKOBi JI. BKa3aHO

Ha

2KIIBYTh

y

,ITpaBO cenax

KOnOMIIHl(iB,

JIKi

<j:>inhBapKax".

CBiqu;i B 1690 p.,

B TOMY yl3,I(i

Y

1738

p.

IIIIpliTIIHCbKOMY

B

i3

O,I(Hitt

ciTpaB

KIIlBChKOl ry6epHChKOl KaHu;enJipil 36epernocJI ITpoxaHHJI cenJIH AH!l:PilBKII ITpO BII,I(aqy lM B

1730

p.

TPII

HaHMIITaMII lXanii ,1(0 niiCJI ,I(O,I(OMY He

ITaCITOpTiB ,I(nJI ITOl3,I(KII ITO cinh ,1(0

2KIITeni

c.

EoByrniBKa

KonOMIIl,

II(06

Hi2KIIHChKoro

ITpO,I(aTII pii6y,

KonOMIIL

ITOnKy

3

15

3Bi,I(KII ITOBepTa-

3 cinn10.

niiiiie

Mill(aHII

TOpriBneJO

cenJIHII JliBo6epe2K2KJI

ryu;ynhCbKOl

coni

3atl:ManiiCJI

6ynii

,KonoMIIHU:JIMII

ITpaBOCnaBHe

il:YXOBeH-

CTBO, K03al(bKa CTapiiiiiHa 3 ,I(eJIKIIX niBo6epe2KHIIX ITOnKiB.

HaiTpiiK-

na,I(, B 1725 p. ITO cinh ,1(0 KonOMIIl lXaB iepOMOHaX qepHJIBChKIIH Ta iepo,I(IIJIKOH

XpiicTo<j:>op

3

rpyiToJO

,ITocnyiiiHIIKiB"

qepHiroBo-Tpo-

lU:hKoro MOHaCTIIpli. BeniiKY rpyiTy coneToprOBl(iB CTaHOBIInii 2KIITeni 3 fyu;ynhll(IIHII. aKTOBIIX

MaTepianiB

ryu;ynii

3 cin

KociB,

KocMaq,

,I(OBi!l:YEMOCJI,

MIIIIIIIH, JIKi

lciTac,

ITepeBa2KHO

YKpa1Hy i qacTo qepe3 Hy.

TaK,

y

1718 p.

roBu;iB 3 Eepe3oBa -

mo

B

XVII-XV111

Eepe3iB, JlaHqiiH,

i3

cT.

u:e

3

6ynii

PyHrypii, ,IJ:enJITIIH,

3aKyiTneHoJO

cinn10

l3,I(IInii

Ha

KII1B HaiTpaBnJiniicJI Ha JliBo6epe2KHY qacTII-

y

KIIeBi ITo6yBana BanKa ryu;ynhChKIIX coneTopIOpKo

AH!l:pitt ToMaqiB 3 25

HattMIITaMII.

Y

1725 p. ,I(O KIIeBa ITpii6yB ,I(nJI ITpo,I(a2Ki coni ITiiT i3 KocoBa 3 ,I(BOMa KOMITaHbHOHaMII coneToproBu;i

Ta

77

CTeiTaH Ta

qenJI,I(HIIKaMII.

B

u;ett

lEaH TypqiiHChKi,

JIKi

ITepiO,I(

3ra,I(yJOTbCJI

,3 ,I\pyriiMII TOBapii-

IIIaMII" 3 naHqiiHChKIIX 6aHh BIIB03IInii cinh Ha YKpa1Hy ,Ta6opaMII".

3

)l:enJITIIHa

rpoMa,I(oJO

3

,ITOJIBOIO

(BanKaMII)

PyHrypcbKOl CTe<j:>aH Ha II o,I(oni".

ITepiiiOl TpaBII,

iiiinii

3

cinn10

,I(O

BeCHOIO, KIIeBa.

ryu;ynii fyu;yn

3

BeniiKOIO Cno6o,I(II

fpii,I\2KIIH TopryBaB cinn10 B KIIlBChKOMY ,rpa,I(i


ImocmpoeaHa <l>aKTII CbKOrO

icmopi5l

CBi.IJ:qaTb,

II(O

)l:oKyMeHTII

Ha.IJ:.IJ:HiiipliHII(IIHII

i

ToM

6ypXJIIIBIIH

qyMal(TBa y XVI 1-XVIII

COJieToprOBl(iB. 3

IlpuKapnammR.

3

p03BIITOK

cT.

ryu;yJihChKO-Ha.IJ:HiiipliH-

rrpii3BiB .IJ:O

iJIJOCTpy!OTh,

ryu;yJihChKi

169

II(O

rrpaCOJIII

36 araqeHHJI

CaMe .IJ:eJIKi

qacTIIHII

KOJIOMIIHI(i

BIIKOpiiCTOByBaJIII

y

CBOlX

coneToproBeJihHIIX orrepau;iJix y6ori KaTeropil HaceneHHJI, JIKi Ha3IIBaJIIICJI

,po6iTHIIKaMII",

,rrocnyiiiHIIKaMII",

K03al(bKOro caMOBpli.IJ:YBaHHJI rrpo o6'€.IJ:HaHHJI

3

Ha YKpalHi

K03aKaMII,

II OJib CbKO- IIIJIJIXeTChKOrO

Ha

IIi.IJ:HeCeHHJI

piiiiiKiBCTBa

MaJia

IlpaBo6epe2K2Ki

i

YKpai"Hi, KII

BII y II(O

Tpy.IJ:JIII(i

IlpiiKaprraTTJI.

IIOBCTaHHJI.

B.

B.

BOHII

F.)

BIICTyiiiB

3

F.)

BiHCbKa

.IJ:JIJI

YKpalHII,

fyu;ynhll(IIHi

3

ce6e JIKOIO

O.IJ:He

IIIITaHHJI

BIICTyiiiB).

Bcix 3aXi.IJ:HO-

Bapiiia-

CbKO- OIIpiiiiiKiBChKIIH

3eMJIJIX.

TaK,

6yno i

po3yMiJOTb".

rrpo

BIIJIIIB cT.

raH:.IJ:aMal(bKoro

(rrepio.IJ: HailBIIII(oro JIKi

BIIHIIKaJIII

3aB2K.IJ:II 3HaXO.IJ:IIJIII Bi.IJ:ryK

KOJIII

Ha

rroqaTKY

Ilo.IJ:iJIJIJI,

XVIII

KIIlBII(IIHY,

pyxy BO.IJ:Hoqac

OIIpiiiiiKiBCTBa

HacTyrrHIIKiB

MIIxaH:no IIiCJIJI

Ha cy.IJ:i

rrpii6yB y

cT.

npau;-

3eMJii 3pOCTaB CeJIJIH-

IIi.IJ:

3 HaH:6iJihiiiiiM po3-

IIpOBO.IJ:OM

IlaBJia Op<j:>eHJOKa,

0JieKCII )l:oB6y-

IBaHa EoH:qyKa.

B

roHi OneKcii ,IJ:oB6yiiia y2Ke B 1744 p . .IJ:iJIB MIIxaH:no 3 YKpai"HII. 3a3HaqaB

.IJ:O IIO-

B 30-50-x poKax XVIII cT. TyT Bi.IJ:6y-

raH:.IJ:aMal(bKoro

KaprraTChKOrO

IIIa Ta H:oro

cxiiJihHIIX K03al(bKIIX

pyx.

Ilo.IJ:i6He cTaHOBIIII(e rri.IJ:HeceHHJI

Ha KOp.IJ:OHi B Jiicax

Hap O.IJ:Hi pyXII,

K03al(bKO-CeJIJIHChKi IIOBCTaHHJI OXOIIIIJIII

Bo,

Ha

BIICTyiiaMII Ha

IIOCJiiB .!J:O

Hail6iJihiiiiiX

JiaBII(IIHY, TO IIi.IJ: lXHiM BIIJIIIBOM Ha faJIIIl(hKiH

u:e

OII-

po3yMiJIII TaK02K rrpe.IJ:CTaBHII-

B 30-50-x poKax XVIII

raJIIIU:hKIIX

cyci.IJ:Hix

BIITKOM

JIK i

Bi.IJ:pli.IJ:2KaJOqlf

y <j:>eo.IJ:aJihHIIH rrepio.IJ: Ha Ha.IJ:.IJ:HirrpJIHII(IIHi,

nocJI

IIIJIJIXTOIO

orrpiiiiiKiB-xnorrcTBO,

3acnyroBye

IIi.IJ:HeCeHHJI OIIpiiiiiKiB ChKIIX

y

3

3 K03al(bKIIMII

3 IIOBiTaMII Ma€

cBoi"x

6a2Kai0Tb

Oco6JIIIBo1 yBarii pyxy Ha

ll,e

BeJIIIKIIH

ryu;yJihChKOrO

fyu;ynhll(IIHII,

COJii.IJ:apii3yBaJIIICJI

(faJIIIl(bKa -

(fyu;ynhll(IIHi

i

Mpi!O IIpOTII

p., IIpiiKaprraTCbKa IIIJIJIXTa HaKa3yBaJia rrepe.IJ:aTII KOpOJIIO,

,3eMJIJI

BCTaHb

6opOTb6II

K03al(bKOrO

qeKaJIII lXHhOl .IJ:OIIOMorii.

1671

IIOXO.IJ:II

cepe.IJ:IIHII XVIII cT.

aHTII<j:>eO.IJ:aJibHOl

Ilo.IJ:inni.

<j:>eO.IJ:aJibHIIX KiJI

Ha CIIiJihHi

rHiTy.

6opOTb6a

yKpa1HChKIIX 3eMeJib,

YTBopeHHJI

6y.IJ:IIJIO cepe.IJ: ryu;yniB

KJIIIKaJIO lX

IlpoTJiroM .IJ:pyro1 rronoBIIHII XVII BIIJIIIB

,HailMIITaMII

BaciiJih

Ea10paK 20

KBiTHJI

1754 p.

J!K

3ariH ,IJ:oB6yiiia Ha rroqaTKY 40-x poKiB,

IIpii.IJ:YIIIeHHJI

rail.IJ:aMal(bKOrO

pyxy

B

1735

p.,

3aIlpo

BII.IJ:HO, M02KJIII-

KOJIII

rrepe.IJ:


170

BoJtoiJuMup

HaCTYIIOM qeJO.

Y

JIKoro

IIIJIJIXeTChKIIX

3aroHi

3ra):(yBaB

B

IIepio):(

IIOBCTaHu;iB He

15

cy):(i

qoni

3MOrii

II p

Ha

Ha

6araTO

Ea10 paKa

3

1751

6opoTb6II

BII3HaqHIIM

3aXIICTIITII

aBo 6 e p e2K2KJI

rall,[(aMaKiB

TaK02K

qepBHJI

BII3BOJihHOl Ha

MaJOqlf

IIIJia

BillChK

BaciiJIJI

p.

pliTyBaJIOCJI

MIIxallJIO

IIepe):(

HaCTYIIOM

IIpo

Yp):(eHqyK.

Hapo):(y

CeMeHoM

IIPO!J:OB2KyBana

BTe-

Ko3aK,

oiipiiiiiOK J!KiB

yKpai"HChKoro BaTa2KKOM

ce6e TaM

):(iJIB

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

qacTIIHa

BIIcoqaHoM,

IIIJIJIXTII,

IIepell-

aHTII<j:> eo):(aJihHY

6o-

poTn6y. Ill,e KiB

TiCHiiiiiiMII

B

qacii

Ilepe):(

peiiiTKII

3aJIIIIIIIITII B

BaTa2KKiB

y

6 Op OTb 6 010

qac

faJIIfqiiHi,

EollqyKa

JIKi

3aCBi):(qyBaB,

II(O

y

IIOXO):(i

BaciiJih

5!6nyHeBi".

IHIIIIIll

IIOXO,[(OM

Ha

K03aKII,

aJie

B

CToiiqaToBi

y

IIOXO):(i

Ha

i

bOJieXiB

B

II(O

Ha

CeJIJIHChKIIX oxopoHy.

BiH

i

XaTaX B

Bi):(3HaqaJIIICJI K03aKII

pa30M

e

!J:OKyMeHTax

y

BaciiJib

bOllKO

BaciiJIJI He

HiX

IIOJii

IIi):( CTOrOM -

B

xaTi

TIIKJiellqyKa",

MeHIII

aKTIIBHY

):(ill

3aroHy.

IIIJIJIXTII

K03aKII

YKpai"Hy,

lloro

JIKi

yqacTb

3Ha€,

qac

OIIpiiiiiKaMII mo

n!J:Ba

oiipiiiiiKiB

y

K03aKII

IIOCIIJieHHJI BaTa2KKOBi

33

OIIpiiiiiKII,

,[(0

3aroHy mo

HIIX

3Ha€,

i

qoTIIpii BOHII

aKTIIBHY yqacTh

3HaXO,[(IIJIII KOJIII

J!ciHChKIIll,

B

K03aKII

EollqyK

fepqyJiaK, HoqyBaJIII

nici".

IIJiaHyBaHHi

Ha

IIpii-

oiipiiiiiKiB

aHTIIOIIpiiiiiKiBChKIIX

IIepellTII

B

IIepe):(

II(O

niiOXOBaJIIICJI B J!ceHOBi".

MapycJIKa,

6paJIII

BeCHOIO

3eJieHqyK

6010.

BaciiJIJI

yqacTb

3ariH

cepe):(

JIIIIIIe

cBi):(qeHHJI,

peiiiTa

cy):(OBIIX

BII3HaB,

Ko3aKII 6panii IIi):(

B

Ha

13

niiPIICTaJIII

qoJIOBiK,

He

30KpeMa

CTe<j:>aH

IJiCTOJieTHIIK,

a

3

HapO):(HIIX 3araJibHOIO

3aroHi.

IIpii6yJIII

CiHa,

BHaCJii):(OK IIOpa):(IIJIII

Ha B

fonoBqyK,

3

3ra):(yBano6opOTh6y

i3

IIJiaHII

6 paJIO

29

6yno

y2Ke

TaKTIIKa

bOJieXiB.

K03aKII,

Ha3,[(0rHaJia IIIJIJIXeTCbKa IIOrOHJI, BOHII HoqyBaB

y

Ha

IIpiicTaJIII !J:O oiipiiiiiKiB. bOJieXiB

p.

bOJieXiB

pO):(OM,

JIK

mo6

copaTHIIKaMII

IIpO):(OB2KY€

CBOl

K03aKII

OneKca

EollqyK,

H a,[():(HiiipliHII(IIHII.

JIKi ):(iJIJIII

3aroHi

BOHII

YKpai"Hy,

p03YMHa

1759

B

IIOXO!J:Y

oiipiiiiiOK,

3Bi):(KII

Ha

K03aKaMII

K03aKiB

AH):(pill,

BillChK

Hall6JIIf)KqlfMII

6yna

K03aKII,

IIi,[(rOTOBKII

Y

i

IIepellTII

ciipiiJIJIII

qac

HIIX

3

y3r0,[(2KyBaJIII

IIi):(

TYJIOK,

3

l(e

CeJIJIH

OIIpiiiiiKiB

EollqyKa.

BIIpiiiiy€

pa30M

TOll

3B'JI3KII

IIIJIJIXeTChKIIX

OIIpiiiiiKiB ,[(OBi):(y€MOCJI,

p.

cepe):(

IBaHa

IIepexo,[(IITh

Ciq,

Ha

HaiieBHO,

1759

3aroHy,

IIOBCTaJIIIX

3a):(yMoBi

3i3HaHb

3aroHy

HacTyiioM

fyu;ynhll(IIHY

3aiiopi3hKY

rHo6IITeJIJIMII.

Ciq,

aHTII<j:>eo,[(aJihHi

):(iJIJihHOCTi

3araJihHIIM

BpJITyBaTII

cJI,

6yJIII

Mall6yTIIOXO):(iB

3aiiopi2K2KJI.

3ariH


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

Bi.I(Ba2KIIBCJI IIpOHTII

Ha

TaKIIH

.IJ:O

ICTOpiJI

orrpiiiiiKII

EoH:'IyKa

cenaMII, nicaMII

3arropi3bKo1

He

EoH:'IyK

IIpiiiiYCTIITII, Koqy6eH:

II(O

KpOK,

HaM

Tpe6a

rre pio.IJ: .IJ:iJIJihHOCTi

Bi.I(OMOCTeH

rrpo6IIpaniicJI

Ha

rrpo

3arropi2K2KJI,

rrpoxo.I(IIJIII, .l(e

CeJIJIHII

Ilo.l(iJIJIJI,

3a H:oro

iHiu;iaTIIBOIO

3ariH

K03aKiB

i y

Te,

JIK

JIKIIMII

HO'IyBaJIII.

6yno

3aroHy

raJIIIl(hKi .IJ:OporaMII,

Ane,

6e3cyM-

1IpaBo6epe2K2KJI.

MaB po3MOBY 3 K03aKaMII

opraHi3yBaB

a.I(2Ke

Ciqi.

Ha.IJ:.IJ:HirrpJIHChKIIH, .l(a€

H: .IJ:OJIIIHaMII

HiBHO, lM .I(OIIOMaraJIII Ha Ciqi

CMiJIIIBIIH

qepe3 BeJIII'Ie3Hi IIpOCTOpii yKpalHCbKOl 3eMJii,

rro'IaBcJI .IJ:pyriiH:,

bOH'IyKa.

171

3

ToM

Ba2KKIIH

HeiiOMi'IeHIIMII

mo6 .IJ:06paTIICJI TaK

IlpuKapnammR.

i

cTapiiiiiHOJO.

3aKJIIIKOM

KypiHHIIH

67

qonoBiK,

CKJia.l(i

Mo2KHa OTaMaH .l(aB

1M

KOHeH, 36po!O i .1(03BOJIIIB y p03IIaJii 2KHIIB pyiiiiiTII Ha 1IpaBo6epe2K2KJI

rroMaraTII

qoni

raH:.I(aMaKaM

ceJIJIHCTBY

3aroHy cTaJIII .I(Ba BaTa2KKII -

lrHaT

6opoTIICJI

3

MapymaK Ta

IIIJIJIXTOJO. lEaH

Ha

EoH:'IyK.

Y CTpii2KeBCbKOMY Jiici 3ariH p03.1(iJIIIBCJI Ha .I(Bi '!aCTIIHII, BHaCJii.I(OK '!OrO 3i

CBOlM

.l(aBIIIIICh,

raJIIIl(hKi 3arOHOM II(O

l(IO

OIIpiiiiiKII

OIIIIHIIJIIICb y

,IIiiiiOB

'IOpHIIM

.I(Opory

CTepe2KyTh

pi3HIIX rpyrrax.

IIIJIJIXOM"

Ha J1106apy,

IIIJIJIXeTChKi

BiHCbKa,

Mapyll(aK aJie, .I(OBiBi.l(iHIIIOB

y6iK i HaTpaiiiiB Ha reHepaJia KOpOHHOl apTIIJiepil IIaHa fy2KIIHCbKOrO,

BamaJtCoK

onpuUIKiB

leaH

3anopi3bKOf Cilfi

B

EoulfyK

1759 p.

eucmynae Xyii.

M.

nepeii

K03aKaMu

TKalfeHKO


172

BoJtoiJuMup

IloxoiJu

onpuUJKiB

B

JIKOrO

K03aKII

IeaHa

,3a6paJIII

He

3anopo:J~CU,5lMU

EoCilfyKa

i3

YKpai"Hi

1759 poKy

Ilpaeo6epe:J~CHii1

Ha

JIIIIIIe

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

KOHi,

II

arre

BCe,

II(O

B)J:OMa

6yrro". YqacHIIKII HY,

o6ox

CTyiiHIIK,

KY

rpyrr

rorriJIKII

Ma€TOK

pyiiiiiJIII 3 Ta

HaHBIIII(oro IIIJIJIXTII

roHTII

i

KaprraTTi.

l(IIX

He

roHTII

Ha

qorri

Ee3rreqBIIIIIeH-

3

EoH:qyKa lEaH

BaTa2KKOM

Mapyll(aKoM

IIIJIJIXTII.

IIpOTII

JIK IIpiiKaprraTCbKa IIIJIJIX-

OIIpiiiiiKiBCbKOrO

raH:)J:aMaqqifHII. A)J:2Ke

IIo6oiOBaHHJI B

1768 p.

aHTII<j:>eo)J:aJibHIIH

KorrilBII(IIHa.

IlpiiKaprraTChKa

)J:IIKIIX

Ha

CeHMIIKY BII)J:HO,

3aXO)J:iB

rpi3HIIH

3arri3HJIKa -

Kpacrrorre,

3HaXO!l:IIJIIICJI copaTHIIKII

6e3IIi)J:CTaBHe.

Bi)J:6yBCJI

3)J:o6yrrii

MIIxaH:JIOBCbKOro' Ta

KpeMeHel(bKoro.

IIpOTII

faJIIIl(bKOrO

IIIJIJIXTa

YKpalHi

lleH:

pyx

pyx MaB

3a3Haqarra,

mo

IIOBCTaHChKIIH !l:YX

pyxy

B

rrepiO)J:

rrpiiKaprraTChKOl

Ha IIi)J:

1IpaBo6epe2K2Ki KepiBHIIl(TBOM

Bi)J:rOMiH

i3

Ha

Ilpii-

3aBopyiiieHHJIM

Bi)J:i3BaBCJI

,HaBiTh

ropax".

KorrilBII(IIHa cbKIIX

IIOXi)J:

rri)J:HeceHHJI

3aJii3HJIKa i

rraHa

51ciHChKIIH,

BCiJIJIKIIX

6yrro

Ilo)J:iJIJii

y

B

IIOCTaHOB

B2KIIBaJia

rroxo)J:i

cepe)J: JIKIIX

CTe<j:>aH )J:aJii

U:hOMY Ma€TKII

rri)J:cTapocTII

PeiiiTa K03aKiB, :IKyrrHIIK,

y -

3eMerrh.

pe)J: HaCeJieHHJI.

3aJIIIIIIIIrra Ha3Ba

rrrii6oKIIH

,raH:)J:aMaKII"

IliKaBO, II(O

crri!l:

cTarra

B

icTopil

rroiiiiipeHIIM

Ha fyu;yJihll(IIHi,

3aXi!l:HOyKpa1HTepMiHoM

ce-

3a iHBeHTapHIIM OIIIICOM


ImocmpoeaHa 1763

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

p.,

3YCTpiqa€MO

Eepe3iB,

IJeqeHi2KIIH).

Ka3II,

rrereH.[(II,

ceJIJIHCbKe Ha3Ba

IIiCHJIX

173

3

rrpi3BIIIIJ;e

,raH:.[(aMaKII"

OIIOBi.[(aHHJI

OIIpiiiiiKiBChKIIX

ToM

rricHi

fall:.[(aMaru;yK

yBiH:IIIrra

B

fyu;yJihiiJ;IIHII.

OTOT02KHIOIOTbCJI

Ha3BII

(Cepe.[(HiH

Hapo.IJ:Hi

He

rrepe-

BIIIIa.[(KOBO

,OIIpiiiiiKII"

i

B

,rall:.[(a-

MaKII". 0T2Ke, JIKi

y

XVIII

IIpii6yBaJIII

OcTaHH€ IIJ;IIHII

3

rycTa. Ha.

5J:K

IIIIIIIe

yKpalHChKi IIi.[(

qac

ropi

MiiiJ;aHII

2KOBHipii

pociHChKO-Typel(bKOl

Ha

EyKoBIIHi.

IIOKa3y€,

JIK

ABTop

HeBeJIIfqKifll

CBOlM

Ha3IIBa€

3ariH

Ha

AB-

CHJITIIIIOCe-

TaKoro

rHiTy,

K03aKiB,

Ta6opOM

K03aKiB

HaBO.[(IIB

M.

MiiiJ;aH

.[(OIIOMOry

3

rrpii-

JleiiJ;IIH-

KOpOJIJI

6iJIJI

.[(y2Ke

IIIJIJIX-

6y.IJ:yqii

HOBOrO

BIITpiiMaBIIIII Ha

IleTpO

EpycTypiB, y

CTaHiCJiaBa

IIpOTII

CTOJIJIII

3aiiiiCKII

3

HIIX.

fyu;yrrh-

IIOJibChKIIH

OTa6opiiBCJI

3aiipOCIIJIII

lX

TaKIIH:

KOpOHY

He

BiHHII

TepiiTopil

TBap.IJ:OBChKIIH,

,KpiiB.[(IIJIII

CHJITIIHa".

CeJIJIHII

Ha

ICTOpiiK-MeMyapiiCT

MeMyapy

IIOJibChKY

K03aKiB,

CTaBIIJiaCJI .[(0

oqeBII.IJ:U:JI, ryu;yrra

KOH<j:>e.[(epaTiB

MeMyapiiCT, oKorro

p.

KOH<j:>e.[(epaTiB

po3rHy3.[(aHIIX

pyciiHiB

K03aKiB

KorroMIIl

Ha

500

Bi.IJ:

l(hOrO

6irrJI

rrpiiH:Marra

.[(06p03IfqJIIfBO

1771

rro.IJ:iiO

3MiCT

Il'JI.IJ:IIKiB

opraHi3yBaB

JieHl(iB

U:IO

rrpeTeH.[(eHTa

3ariH

HeO.[(Hopa3oBo

3arropi3hKIIX

.[(OKyMeHTaX

KHIIry.

BrracHIIK

XIIJihHIIKOM

B

3arriicaB

MeTpiiKaJibHY

CbKOrO,

fyu;yrrhiiJ;IIHa

rrepe6yBaHHJI

II03HaqeHe

CTyrrHIIU:hKIIH

Tlfq,

cT.

Ha.[(.[(HiiipliHIIJ;IIHII,

y

JIKi Ca.[(-

,6paTaMII"

IIIJIJIXTY

IIaHiqHifll

cTpax.

100

KiHHIIX

IloKyTTJI

6irrJI

He.[(06IITKII

Te2K Po2KHiB,

B

HarrpJIMKY

KocMaqa,

B

lX

icTopiiqHIIX

fyu;yJihiiJ;IIHII ryu;yrrii

3Harrii

piBChKi KpaiO.

3

PiqKy

a

.[(2Keperrax

PociiO,

JIKi

rriiiirra

KHIIrii,

U:YJihChKi

Cerra,

KOMOpax

M02KJIIIBO, Ha

B

KiJihKa

c.

3HaXO.IJ:IIMO

BII.[(aHi

lX

IlO.[(OJii,

a6o

3

JlbBOBi, JIKIIMCh

KyrryBaJIII y

TaM

lX

Ha3.[(0rHaJIII

i

3

KyTiB

3YIIIIHIIJIIICJI

:IKOBHipii

3aJIIIIIIaJIIICh

He3HaqHi

Hapo.IJ:. y

II

Ha

lliJIJIXeTChKi

BTeKJIII

y

Ha y

EpycTypax,

lX.

rrepeKOHJIIIBO

BII.[(aHHJI

IIpii6yJIII

KOH<j:>e.[(epaTiB)

EpycTypiB

KiJihKa .IJ:HiB

2K

arre

K03aKiB.

IIpiiHMaJIII

BCe

IlaBJIIOKOM

KOH<j:>e.[(epaTiB.

(60

rpyrra

pociH:cbKIIH

MOCKOBChKi

TOprOBIIX

COTHIIKOM

fyu;yJihiiJ;IIHY,

K03aKII

rOCTIIHHO

Poci€IO,

u;epKOBHi CaMi

Ha

0.[(Ha

Ha3.[(0rHaJIO

ryu;yrrii

3

po3rpOMIIJIII

ropii

51BopiB,

.[(e

MiCl(eBi

qorri

po36IIJIII.

HoqiBJIIO,

.[(e

Ha

CHJITIIHa

BTeKJIII

K03aKII qepe3

K03aKiB

<j:>aKTII

rrpo

CBi.[(qaTb

rroqaTKY B2Ke

XVII

.[(OXO.[(IIJIII

qifHOM

B

Te,

IIJ;O

cT.

<j:>e.[(o-

.[(0

l(hOrO

IIOTpaiiJIJIJIII

ryu;yrrii-qyMaKII

JlnBiBChKOMY,

3B'JI3KII

rrpo

B

ry-

KIIlBChKIIX

CTaBporririHChKO-


174 MY

Bo!loiJuMup 6paTCTBaX,

KOTpi,

JIK

KHlBCbKe

3B'JI3KH 3 Poci€IO. TaK, y u:epKBi c. 3ra,!(y€ThCJI

,IIIecTOJl:H€B"

)J,oKyMeHTli CBi,!(qaTb BiilchK.

Brrepiiie

pociH:cnKi 1711

p.

IIi,!(

Morr,!(aBiL 3

Ha

BiH:cbKa

B

1711

IIpOBO,!(OM u:eH:

Jl:OKyMeHTiB

MapKOBHq, a

B,!\pyre

p.

BoiOIOqH

IleTpa

Jl:OBi!l:Y€MOCJI,

mo

ryu:yrrH

3

KociBIIIHHH

pociHCbKO-K03al(hKi

rrepexo,!(HJIH

qepe3

IIi,!( qac

cerra

l(liX IIOXO,!(iB

opeH,!(apiB,

BO,!(Hoqac

Mill(aH.

B CBOIO

Ti,

rro6yBarrH

TypeqqHHH, BiHCbKa

rro6yBarrH

BecHoiO

IIpH6yJIH

,!(0

Ha fyu:yrrhll(HHi.

KociBIIIHHH

rricrrJI

Bi,!(cTyrry

Ha

BCIO

IIIJIJIXTY

B

KociBChKOMY

MocKBoiO". 3YCTpirrH

3B'JI3KY 3 pociHChKO-Typel(bKOIO ,!( liJili

p.

CBi,!(qliTb Ha cy,!(i opeH,!(ap JleH:6a

MocKBY

HacTyrrax rriiiiJIH

TiCHi

pociHChKliX

fyu:yrrhll(HHi

rrpoTH

2KHTerri

1721

fyl(yJihll(HHi

pociHChKi

,To BOHR, -

crrpoBa,!(HJIH

rro

B MocKBi

Ha

rrepio,!( oKpeMi 1x 3aroHH

pociJIH IIiiiiJili 3 HliMli.

rroBiTi,

BH,!(aHHH

rrepe6yBaHHJI

EyKoBHHChKo-farrHl(hKiH:

B

IIi,!(TpHMyBaJIH

PyHrypH y XVIII cT. cepe,!( KHHr

(oKTo1x),

rrpo

6paTCTBO,

Fpa 6oeeu, bJW i1

pociJIH

BiHHOIO

BiHCbKa.

qepe3

B

B

1739

p.

To,!(i

IlpHKaprraTTJI

JiliiiHi-ceprrHi

1739

y

IIpOXO-

p.

BOHR

KociBIIIHHH. pociHCbKO-K03al(hKi

IIpliXliJihHO qepry,

BiHCbKa KapaJIH

CTaBJIJiqliCb

,!(0

rOCTliHHO ,!(iJIHJiliCJI

IIIJIJIXTY,

MiCl(eBHX

CeJIJIH,

3 pociJIHaMH

XJii6oM-

CiJIJIIO. Ba2KJIHBHM peMa 6yB

<j:>oprrocToM

fyu:yrrhll(HHH,

CKHT MaHJIBChKHH,

Horo

rrorreMicTa

MaHJIBi

6irrJI

3Mil(HeHHIO

6opoTb6H

rrpoTH

IBaHa

yKpa1HChKHX

3eMJIJIX

y

1612

BHIIIeHChKoro 3BHqaH:Ho,

eKCIIJiyaTaTOpCbKOrO yci

p.

B

loBoM

0,!(HaK,

30K-

XVII-XV111

copaTHHKOM

TaK02K

cT.

crraBeT-

KHJirHHHU:hKHM

rrpaBocrraB'JI

Jia,!(y.

rrpoJIBH

MOrJIH

IlpHKaprraTTJI,

KaTOJIHl(H3MY

3acHoBaHHH

CorroTBHHO.

yMoBax XVIi-XVIII cT.

HacerreHHJI

HacTyrry

B

crry2KHJIO

3ayBa2KHMO,

II(O

B

rrorriTHqHo1 6opoTb6H Ha 3aXiJl:HO-

icHyBaTH

JIHIIIe

IIi,!(

perririHHOIO

o60JIOH-

KOIO. CKHT MaHJIBChKHH TOJIJIH

KaTOJilil(hKiH

Pocil.

orropHHM

eKCIIaHcil.

)J,o

Y TJI2KKi XBHJIHHH

ChKHX cirr. B

cTaB

PociH:cbKHH

YPJI!l:

HhOrO

1680

Eor,!(aH p.

,!(aB

XMeJihHHU:hKHH. ,JIHCT

B

THX CHIT,

IIpliXO,!(liJili

CKHT HeO,!(Hopa3oBo

Jl:OIIOMaraB

IIO,!(apyHKaMH. )J,OIIOMaraJIH MOHaXaM BO

rryHKTOM

2KHTeJii

lEaH

CTapl(JIM

ryl(yJih-

rrpocHB Jl:OIIOMorH KHHraMH,

i yKpalHChKi reTbMaHH,

feTbMaH

MocKBY

rpiiiiMH,

IIpOTliC-

JIKi

CaMiH:rroBHq

MaHJIBChKOro,

u:iHHHMH OC06JIH28

ciqHJI

KYJl:li

BOHR


ImocmpoeaHa icmopi5l

IIpuKapnammfl.

ToM 3

HarrpaBJIJIJIIIeJI

.IJ:OIIOMoroJO.

IIieJIJI

qaeTO

3a

p03IIOBi.[(aJIII

BIIJIBJieHi HaMII

ryl(yJiaM

rrpo

Te

MaTepianii, xoq

i

175 rroBepHeHHJI

Bee,

II(O

He3HaqHi,

BOHII

i3

Poci1

6aqiiJIII

B

qeHIJj Pocil.

Bee 2K HarJIJI.IJ:HO eBi.IJ:-

qaTh rrpo TieHi eKOHOMiqHi, IIOJiiTifqHi 3B'JI3KII ryl(yJiiB 3 HaeeJieHHJIM yeie1 YKpai"HII,

a

TaK02K

Pocil.

CKum PeKoHcmpyn;iR

MaH5lBCbKUU.

MOHacmupCbKOf Xyii.

M.

rjJopmurjJiKat{if IIaemoK

XVII-XVIII

em.


Po3,n:in V

rYUYJibiUMHA B KIHUI XVIII

IIEPIIIIM

IIOJIOBMHI

XIX

CT.

1. Cou,iaJihHO-eKouoMiqui yMoBu icnJI

3arap6aHHJI

CTpiHCbKOIO

(1782-1786),

IIO):(iJIOM

70

Jia

HaCeJieHliX

IIYHKTiB,

3BaHoro

KoponiBCTBa

1811

3a

p.

MicT,

a

B

peiiiTa

XVIII -

i

,[(0

ABCTpiHCbKa IIOpli):(KiB,

a

64

i

cena.

KJiacoBHX

XIX

cena,

l(eHTpOM

cT.

TaKoJK

y

19

M.

TaK

y

JlbBOBi.

ryu;ynhChKliX

cin

oKpyry.

B

faJIHl(hKiii

fyu;ynhll(li-

21

EyKOBliHChKiii

fyu;ynhll(liHa

AB-

HaJiiqyBa-

OKpyry,

rrepeBaJKHO

He3HaqHa

ceno,

6yna

a

3aceneHa

KiJihKiCTh

i

cyrrepeqHocTeii

B

fanHqliHi

B

rroJIJIKiB,

u;eH:

Kpli3li

<j:Jeo,[(aJibHO-KpiiiOCHlil(bKOl

BJia,[(a

XOTiJia

JiiKBi):(al(il

He

HaMaraJiaCb

cTaporo

,[(aJii

IIOHeBOJieHoro )l)!J:YIIIlil(hKi,

MaE:TKli

3

KonoMHHChKoro

rroqaTKY

JIKa

rJili60KOl

):(pi6HOIIOMiCHY 36epiraJili

Kpa!O.

CKap6KH,

IIpliBaTHliX

BTliCHYTli

<j:Jeo):(aJibHoro na):(y.

cepe):(HIO

rrpaBliTeJiiB

IIIiCTh

fyl(yJihll(liHli,

3aJIHIIIliJIOCJI

177 4)

i

a):(MiHiCTpaTliBHliM

CTaHiCJiaBCbKOrO

JlJO):(OMepii:

rrpoJKHBana

Jiliiiie

paMKli Ha

,[(0

HOBliM

BipMeHiB.

IIpli3BO,[(liTb

qlich

!J:O

MicT

23

-

TyT

3arocTpeHHJI

B

i

3

TepliTOpiJI

oKpyroM

Ha

IIIiCTh

3aKaprraTChKiii

yKpai:Hl(JIMli.

Hli

Bi):(iHIIIJIO

HaniqyBanocb

€BpelB

raniu:il

(177 2

EyKOBliHli

3ri,[(HO

yBiHIIIJia

CTaHicnaBChKliM

HarrpHKiHu;i Hi

fanHqliHli

MOHapXi€10,

EaraTbMa KHJI3i

Ma€TKiB

CKJia):(aJIHCJI

3

CBO€

IIIJIJIXTY,

CeJiaMli

qli

IIpli

):(eKiJihKOX

B

rpa<j:Jli

cin

):(pi6HiH a6o

HOBliX

eKOHOMil(i IloTOl(hKi,

KocaKOBChKi Ta i

crrHpaJO-

IIi):(TpliMl(i

CTaHOBliii(e

cepe):(HiH

Bi):(HOCli-

MarHaTH,

BOJIO):(iJili

516noHOBChKi,

<j:Jeo,[(aJibHliX

KarriTaJiiCTliqHi

IloJihChKi

,[(OMiHyJOqe

HaJieJKaJia

O):(Horo

BCTaHOBJieHliX

HOBi

rrepio):(

CliCTeMli.

iH.

Einh-

IIIJIJIXTi.

qacTHHli

cena.

1_1)


ImocmpoeaHa

Ma€TKII

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

IIIJIJIXTII

)l,o

KociBChKOl

516rryHiBChKOl cbKo1,

.IJ:OMiHil

9,

-

-

rro

ryu;yrrhChKIIX

2, .IJ:O

O.IJ:HOMY

5,

-

cirr,

KyTchKOl

YToporrchKOl

KpiiBopiBHJIHChKOl,

-

4,

51ceHiB-

cerry.

KOpOJiiBII(IIHII, OC06JIIIBO 6araTi Ha COJIJIHi .[(2Keperra OKO-

XVIII -

HarrpiiKiHu;i

Harre2KaJIII Ha fyu;yrrhll(IIHi HiB

25

BXO.IJ:IIJIO

IJeqeHi2KIIHChKOl

4APo2KHiBChKOl -

IIicTIIHChKOl

KoJIIIIIIHi JIIII(i,

3a .[(aHII-

<l>paHu;IIcKaHChKOl MeTpiiK, HarriqyBarrocb .[(eCJITh.

Ha.[(BipHJIHChKOl

18,

177

3

CKJia.[(aJIII .[(OMiHil, JIKIIX Ha fyu;yJihll(IIHi,

Hocii<j:>iHChKOl i

MII

ToM

KorroMIIHChKoro

rroqaTKY KociB,

oKpyry,

XIX

KyTII,

cT.

rrpii.[(6arra .[(ep2KaBa.

IIicTIIHh,

Ha.[(BipHa,

Itt

IJeqeHi2KIIH, 516rry-

)l,errJITIIH

CTaHicrraBChKoro

OKpyry. 5J:K pO.[(II,

rrpaBIIJIO, JIKi

rpOIIIOBi KYTChKIIX

.[(i6p",

.[(aJihHIIX

Ma€TKII CBOlX

IIpii6yTKII.

KaiiiTeJIJIHIII a 0T2Ke,

l(i

qepe3

,.[(ep2KaJIII

yrrpaBIITeJiiB

B

lie M02KHa rro6aqiiTII

II(O

B

1773

IIOCecil"

MaJIII

3

HIIX

6araTi

Ha IIpiiKJia.[(i

p . . .[(ep2KaJia

y

MarHaTChKi

II(OpiqHo

BeJIIIKi

,KaMepaJibHIIX

IIOCecil'"

KpaKiBCbKa

II o TO U:hKa.

rrocecop

mopiqHo

IIOBIIHHOCTett

IIOHa.[(

MaB

qifcToro .IJ:OXO.IJ:Y 3 cerrJIHChKIIX <j:>eo-

25,5

TIIC.

3JIOTIIX.


178

BoJtoiJuMup

XVIII

HarrpiiKiHn:i IIpOMIICnOBiCTI,

Ha

y

rrepiiiill:

fyn:ynhll(IIHi

XIX

rronoBIIHi

p03BIIBa€TbCJI

rrepe.[( 3aXOIIneHHJIM

€10

coneBapeHb.

BIIqa,

B

1783

6yno p.

Ha

3HaXO.I1IInacJI

qifMano

B

fanlfqlfHi

83

6yno

fyn:ynhll(IIHi

Ha

coneBapHa

IlepreHa

CBi.[(qaTb, II(O B OCTaHHi pOKII IloKyTTi

cT.

IIIBII.[(KIIMII

)l,aHi 3BiTy aBCTpiHCbKOfO ry6epHaTopa fanlfqlfHII

Ha

Fpa6oBeU,biWU

TeMIIaMII. 3a

fanlfqlfHII

3a .[(aHIIMII

A.

1773

p.

ABCTpi-

IleTpyiiie-

6inhiiiiCTb I JIKIIX

coneBapHi,

II eqe Hi2KIIHII(IIHi,

Ko ciBII(IIHi,

H a.[(BipHJIHII(IIHi, C ono TBIIHII(IIHi. Ilpon:ec

BIIp06HIIU:TBa

ryn:ynhCbKOl

coni

He

3MiHIIBCJI,

IIPO.I1YKU:iJI,

JIK i paHiiiie, 6a3yBanacJI Ha BIIKOpliCTaHHi IIi.[(HeBinhHOl rrpan:i peMiCHIIKiB-3BapiiqiB, pi3Hi po60TII KIIMII

6ynii

KepaTHIIKiB,

IIOBIIHHOCTi

IIpiiBaTHIIX

60H.[(apiB

cenJIH,

KOTpi

II(O.[(O

3a6e3rreqeHHJI

BIIKOHyBanii

0co6niiBO TJI2K-

.!1POBaMII

.[(ep2KaBHIIX

i

coneBapeHb.

Bi.[(eHCbKa Bna.[(a IIOCTYIIOBO Ha

Ta

3a paxyHOK <j:leo.[(anbHIIX IIOBIIHHOCTell:.

KOpliCTb

MOHapxii:.

3

MOHOIIOni3yBana COnJIHe

ypJI.[(OBIIX

1773,

IIaTeHTiB

BIIp06HIIU:TBO

1776

1786

pp.

6aqiiMO, rn:o aBcTpill:cbKIIll: YPJI.I1 3a6paB y BnacHIIKiB-MarHaTiB i IIInJIXTII coneBapHi

i

KOMIIeHCyBaB

27 niiCTOIIa.[(a

iHIIIIIMII

Ma€TKaMII.

TaK,

3a IIaTeHTOM

1786 p., KOCiBChKi coneBapHi 3 rrepe.[(MiCTJIM

Bi.[(

MocKa-

niBKOIO i cenaMII Bep6oBeU:b, CMO.[(He, Ea6IIH, 51BopiB i PiqKa rrepell:IIInii

B .[(ep2KaBHe

Ma€TKiB

Tepe6oBnJIHII(IIHi. neBapHIIX IlicnJI

BOnO.[(iHHJI,

)l,i.[(yiiiiiU:hKi

a

HaTOMiCTb

.[(iCTanii

iHIIIi

KOniiiiiHi

BnaCHIIKII

KaMepanhHi

U:IIX

Ma€TKII

Ha

Ilo.[(i6He CTaHOBIIII(e CIIOCTepiraE:MO i B iHIIIIIX CO-

l(eHTpax

fyn:ynhll(IIHII.

3arap6aHHJI

faniiqlfHII

ABcTpi€10

CTBOpeHHJI

KOp.[(OHY

3

Pocie10, Tpa.[(IIU:ill:Hi eKoHoMiqHi 3B'JI3KII 3aXi.I1HOyKpai:HChKIIX 3eMenh 3 Ha.I1.!1HirrpJIHII(IIHOIO, Bee

Ilo.[(innJIM

2K n:i IIITyqHi 6ap'epii

iHIIIIIX 51K

TepiiTopiJix BII.[(HO

He

BoniiHHIO 3aBa2Kanii

6ynii

.11ern:o

rri.[(ipBaHi,

o6MiHy ryn:ynhCbKoi: coni

Ha

YKpai:HII.

i3 .[(OKyMeHTiB,

OCHOBHIIM

CII02KIIBaqeM

IIpiiKaprraTCbKOl

coni 6yno HaceneHHJI BoniiHCbKoi:, Ilo.[(inhcbKoi: i qacTKOBO KIIi:BCbKoi: ry6epHill:. Y 3aBe3eHo i

1805-1806 pp. 3 faniiqlfHII y Ilo.[(inhcbKY ry6epHiiO 6yno rrpo.[(aHo

B KaM'JIHeU:bKOMY,

ChKOMY, JliTIIHChKOMY,

BiHHIIU:hKOMY,

Ta iHIIIIIX IIOBiTaX IIOHa.[( peani3oBaHo 213.317

141

TIIC.

IIy.[(iB

rry.[(iB raniiU:bKoi: coni

IIYJJ:) Ha cyMy 853.261

Kp6.

IlpocKypiBChKOMY,

fall:ciiHChKOMY, coni.

Y

JleTIIqiB-

M oriiniBChKOMY

1807-1810 pp. TYT

(rro qoTIIpii-rr'JITh Kp6.

3a


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

Co!leeapH5l JlimocparjJiR

XIX

6araThOX

iHIIIIIX

cT.

II(O

!J:O

MicT,

BeJIIIKi BaJIKII Ba,

Ha

Fyu,yllbUfUHi.

A.

IIpiiKaprraTChKY CiJih

MicTeqoK

CBIIpa, cirr

Jlame

3aB03IIJIII B rrepiiiiH

MaxHOBl(iB,

Ha):():(HirrpJIHChKOl

YMaHi

rri):( qac

rrepe6yBaHHJI

1809 p. pociH:-

B

PociiO Bi):(rrpaBJIJIJIIICJI

3 cirrrriO 3 IlpiiKaprraTTJI, 30KpeMa 3 )J,errJITIIHa, IIicJIJI HarrorreoHiBChKIIX BiHH

BIIB03IIJIOCJI

B

cepe):(HbOMY

70-80

qac HaH:6iJihiiie ll IIOCTyrrarro Ha BoJIIIHh. rrepiiiiH

XIX.

qBepTi

Ta

YKpa1HII.

1807 p. y KIIlBChKY ry6epHiiO rrpiiBe3eHo a

rarriiqiiHi B Ha):():(HiiipliHII(IIHY i

IleqeHi2KIIHa.

II(OpiqHQ

179

3

xydoJICHUKa

BaciiJihKOBa,

IIY!l: rarriil(hKOl corri,

ChKIIX BiHChK y

MaH5lBa

KapmuHu

)J,oKyMeHTII cBi):(qaTh, mo y

22521

c.

B 3

)J,2Keperra IIOKa3yiOTh, rrorroBIIHi

ToM

IlpuKapnammR.

CT.

3 rarriiqlfHII

TIIC.

CIO):(II

B PociiO

COJii.

Y

l(eH

BBi3 corri 3 IlpiiKap-

rraTTJI

B

IIy):(iB.

HaH:6iJihiiiiiH IIOIIIIT cepe):( HaCeJieHHJI YKpalHII Marra ,TOIIKOBa"

ciJib, JIKa rrpo):(yKyBaJiaCJI JIIIIIIe ryBaJIII

qyMaKII

fyl(yJihll(IIHY MiHJIJIII B

3

pii6y,

BorriiHi, XJii6,

CKJia):(aB

IIy):(iB

Koco-

IIOHa):(

Ha IlpiiKaprraTTi.

Ilo):(irrrrJI, XyTpO

Ta

KIIlBII(IIHII. iHIIIi

IIiBTOpa

MiJihHOHa

HeiO IIIIIpOKO TOpBoHII

IIpOMIICJIOBi

3aB03IIJIII

Ha

TOBapii,

JIKi

po3BIITKOM

eye-

Ha CiJih.

KiHu;i

IIiJihHOrO

XVIII

rrepiiiiH:

IIO):(iJiy rrpau;i,

rrorroBIIHi

3pOCTa€ TOBapHe

XIX

cT.,

3

BIIp06HIIl(TBO,

p03BIIBaiOTb-


180

BoJtoiJuMup

CJI TOproBeJihHi ocepe.[(KaMII

y

3B JI3KII. u:ett

qac

fOJIOBHIIMII

TOproBeJibHIIMII

3aJIIIIIIaiOThCJI

MicTa

lliiipoKoBi.IJ:OMa peMiCHIIqa rrpO.IJ:YKU:iJI, rracJI

Ha

Ka

CIIpOBIIHHa Y

BCiX

TpbOX

IIIeCTII

MiCTaX

Y

Ha.IJ:BipHa.

KyTiB,

peMecrro,

faJIIIl(bKOl

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

6irrhiiie

qoMy crrpiiJI€

IJeqeHi2KIIHi)

BeJIIIKOrO JIKe

3

p03BIITKy.

IJ,e

XVIII

KiHU:JI

(KpiM

B

yKpalHl(i,

rr'JITII

<j:>eo.[(aJihHi

porOBII(IIHY

Bi.[(

JIIIIIIe

M02KHa

TOpriBJIJI

rro6aqiiTII

XIX

rrpoTJiroM

MiCTaX

1739

p.,

cT.

HaiipiiKJia.[(, cT.

OcHOBHIIM Oco6rriiBO II(IIHi

II(O

6araTIIX

iH.

BipMeHiB

KOHi

i

Mill(aH

tt

JIKi

6araThOX

y

KyTax

CIIpOBIIHY

KiCHIIH

(30

BOHII

u;exax

y6ori

3pocTarro.

600

qoJIOBiK,

51KII(O

TO

y

B 30-X

CJiaBIIBCJI

cT.

IIi.[(MaHCTpiB,

70

Ha

40 TIIC.

JIIIIIIe

peMecrro. Ha

fyu;yrrh-

Eorrrapil,

B KyTax,

AB-

KocoBi,

3a

.[(e

y

Me2KaMII

1811

.[(JIJI

crreu;iarrhHIIX

p.

BIICOKOJI-

IlpiiKaprraTTJI.

.IJ:OCJirrro

rrpal(IOBaJIO

IIOMiqHIIKiB). IIIKipii

B

BIIrOTOBJIJIBCJI

BIIpo6HIIU:TBO

BipMeHII

IIIKipJIHIIX BIIp0-

fyu;yrrhll(IIHi.

IIIKipii

.[(aJieKO

Ta6axapeHb,

72

Yropll(IIHII,

BIIp06HIIl(TBi

Ha

i3

carr'JIHOBe

yqHiB

KyrryBarrii

3attMarra o6po6Ka IIIKipii.

3a .[(aHIIMII .[(2Keperr,

CTaHOBIIJia

TopriBJIJI

IIIOBKOM, TKaHIIHaMII Ta iHIIIIIMII

3aKyrroByBarrii

JIKIIH

6yrrii

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII.

qifHOM

Ta6axapHJIX

BipMeHChKIIX

cepe.[(HbOMY

p03IIIapyBaHHJI

IIp02KIIBaJIII

KyTiB

rrorriiT He

Micu;e

-

po3BIITKY

rrorroBIIHi XIX BeJIIIKIIX

rOJIOBHIIM

carr JIH,

HattBIIII(oro

IIOBIIHHOCTi.

Kyrru;i

B MicTax

Marrii

cerrax

Cepe.[( peMecerr ocHOBHe crreu;iarri3yBaJIIICb

peMiCHifqlfX

6y.[(IIHKiB",

6.[(2KiJihHY .[(eCJITIIHY

u;i€1

Mill(aH,

BipMeHII.

rrpo.[(aBarrii

rrpiiB03HIIMII TOBapaMII,

6iB.

p.,

306oB'JI3aHi

Bi.[(

MaHHOBOrO

HaJiiqyBaJIOCJI

1779

1168.

3aHJITTJIM

a

Bi.[(

HacerreHHJI

cTpiL TopryBaJIII BOHII H K02KyXaMII,

Ha.IJ:BipHitt,

6yJIII

,qlfHIII

MOJIO.[(HJIKa,

pe3yJihTaTi

aKTIIBHO TopryBarrii

xy.[(o6y,

2KIITeJii

3BiJihHeHi

B

KpiM Ta

Yci

Ha cTa€

6y.[(IIHKII JIKIIX p03Mill(y-

IJrraTIIJIII

Bi.[(

6yJIII

CBi.[(qaTb,

xarryrrHIIKII

XIX

poKax

MiCTa.

CTapol XY.IJ:06II,

fyu;yJihll(IIHII,

KOMipHIIKII,

IIOJIJIKII,

IIOBIIHHOCTi.

6yproMiCTpii

)J,oKyMeHTII y

BipMeHII,

KBapTaJiaX

CIIJiaqyBaTII

T . .[(.

Berrii-

3ra.[(aHIIX

peMeCJIO

Ba2KJIIIBIIM eKOHOMiqHifM ocepe.[(KOM. 3a iHBeHTapHIIM OIIIICOM TYT IIp02KIIBaJIII BaJIIICJI

36yBa-

Ha.IJ:BipHitt .[(e.[(arri

KpaBel(bKe

516rryHeBi

.[(OCIITb

rrpiiKJia.IJ:i

peMiCHifqlfMII KyTII,

6a3a.

)J,eJIJITIIHi,

.[(OCJiraiOTb

KociB,

BIIroToBrreHa B KocoBi,

Micu;eBIIX Toprax Ta JipMapKax.

po3BIIBaiOThCJI KYIIIHipcTBO,

Fpa 6oeeu, bJW i1

y

y

rrepiiiitt

KyTax 6yrro 170

PiqHa

IIOIIIIITTJI

30

peMiCHIIKiB IIpO.IJ:YKU:iJI

qo6iT

B

3araJib-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

HOIO BapTiCTIO

120.000 "

181

3

ToM

<j:>JIOpiiHiB. lliKipa IIIIIpOKO eKCIIOpTyBanaCH y

M on.[(aBiJO,

YropmiiHY

TypeqqifHY. 3eMnepo6CTBO .IJ:pyropH.IJ:HIIM y rocrro.[(apcTBi

fyrrynhliiiiHII.

fipCbKa TepiiTOpiH I!hOro Kpa!O, IIiCKOBi,

ITO-

.[(eKy.[(II 6onOTIICTi rpyHTII,

rrepe.[(qacHa

paHHiMII

3IIMa

CHiraMII,

HKi

.IJ:OBro neJKanii HaBecHi, BCe

rre

He

BipMeHCbKUCi

.[(aBano

3a

Xyu.

MOJKniiBOCTi HaceneHHIO I!hOrO

Kpa!O

OpHi

TII

qacTi

TOMY

rronoJKeHHH 3eMnJO.

ma6axapHi. Iama;weu1.f

OCBOJOBa-

HarrniiBII

BO.IJ:

30BciM

3eneHa B 1878 p.

orriici rpyHTiB c. a

B

Mupoc;we

3eMni.

Ilo.[(eKy.IJ:II

6i.[(Hi,

peMiCHUK-can RHUK

po6ommo

Ha

TOnOKY

TIIX

3

Tiel

He

rpyHTII.

BIIIIYCKa!O Tb.

Crra.[(aJOqii

IIpiiqlfHII

6i.IJ:Hi

3

BIICiBa!OTb

B

,Taro cena rpyHTII e

3arriicaHo:

rpyHTiB

e cepe.[( BeniiKIIX rip.

HaciHHH

3HOCIInii

rip,

Ane

lX

BO.IJ:a crronoKye

Ha

Mopr

2

Koprri

BiBca". 0pHi Ha

HIIX

rpyHTII

rpyHTII

ryrryniB

BIICiBanii

rre

HpiiHY,

CTapiiX KyTiB

6ynii

.[(eKOnii

B OCHOBHOMY

OBeC

a6o

ropO.[(II

KYKYPY.IJ:3Y

Ta

6inH

XaT.

iH.

Ilpo

,B TOMY ceni OpHi rpyHTII

B OIIIICi CKa3aHo:

TinhKII ITO ropo.[(aX 6inH 6y.[(IIHKiB ITO qacTIIHaX 3HaXO.[(HTbCH, Ha HKIIX liiOPOKY

BIICiBa!OTb

KapTIIHY OIIIICaHO Micrri

rronoJKeHe

B030Bo1 .IJ:Oporii,

Ha

Mopr

B ripCbKOMY MaH:JKe KpiM

6

ceni

rri.IJ: caMIIMII

ropmiiKiB fonOBII:

KYKYPY.IJ:3II". ,To

rronoHIIHaMII, .[(e HeMae JKO.IJ:HOl

KiHHO-BepxoBoL

Oropo.IJ:II

CiHOJKaTTHM, B O.[(HOMY 3aropO.[(JKeHHi MiJK HKIIMII po3rronoJKeHi". TaKIIM 6yno po3MimeHHH Y

6araTbOX .[(OKyMeHTaX

IIpHMi

H:

HKe

rrepeBaJKHO

3BO.[(IInOCH .[(0

pa3oM

3MiiiiaHi

3

6y.[(IIHKII ITO ropax

iHIIIIIX cin.

CTBep.[(JKeHHH

ripCbKIIX KaprraTChKIIX cenax OpHOl 3eMni, nepo6CTBa,

Ilo.[(i6Hy

ceno B ropiicTiM

a

OTJKe,

rrpo Bi.IJ:CYTHiCTb y i

p03BIITKy-3eM-

BIIPOliiYBaHHH

ropO.[(IIHII.


182

Bo;zoiJuMup

TaK,

rrpii

orriici

,OciJiiCTb ropax, Ha

B

HII3IIHi. ..

BCiX

CTBO

<j:>aKTifqHo TYT

OC06JIIIBIIH

MOrJia

JIIIIIIe

ripCbKIIX

Bi.IJ:CYTH€

BII.[(

oKpeMi

IIi.[(HJITIICb

IIucaHUU

.[(0

i

II.

KaMiHb

He

Ha

ocHoBi

c.

.[(pyri orriicy

ne2KIITh

B

36i2K2KJI

3atl:Ma!OTbCJI,

rpyHTOBi

ripCbKIIX

He

E:.[(IIHY

YMOBaX

IIi.[(.[(aHi". fyu;yJihiiiii-

<j:>aKTIIqHIIX pattoHaX

raJiy3h

liKe

BeCHOIO i

IIIO

BOHII

2K

ropiU1Hii1

5lceHie.

MaJIO

3arrepeqye

ripCbKe

IIIO

Maca

rrpo.IJ:YMKY

HaCeJieHHJI

KYIIYIOTb

3a3Haqae,

OcHOBHa

.[(aHIIX

3eMJiepo6-

rOCIIO.[(apCbKOl

3.[(aBHa

fepaciiMeHKO

rracTyXiB-TOprOBl(iB.

6ifl5l

AKT

IIOTpOXII

OBel(b

B

IIpO.[(a!OTh,

ceJIJIHII-6araTiL piBHJI

TOMY

BBa2Ka!OTh,

rracTyXiB:

BOCeHII

Mae".

BeJIIIKIIX

BIICQqlfHi,

J!ceHiB

JIKi

KaprraTChKIIX

qlf

M. JIKi

He

, Ceno

TBapiiHHIIl(TBO,

HarrpJIM.

a

ceno

Ha

xy.[(o6II

IIIO

3a3HaqeHo: Ha

6yno.

fepaciiMeHKO

qifHOBHIIKiB,

BIIIIaCa!OTh,

Te,

He

y

6yno

l(e

a

IIIO

CTaHOBIIJIO

JiiTOM JIIICJI

rrpo

O.[(Hi

IIi.[(.[(aHIIX,

II.

MIICJIOBO -ToproBIItt aBCTpiHChKIIX

CiHO,

p.

p03TaiiiOBaHa

cBi.IJ:qiiTh:

KiJihKa

<j:>aKTifqHo

KOHCTaTyE:,

TO

1788

aKTax

oropO.[(II,

yTpiiMaHHJIM

CBi.[(qaTb

M.

,IJ:ocni.IJ:HIIK

JIIIIIIe

B

qacTIIHi

rrinh p.

36IIpa!OTb

<j:> aKTII

.[(iJIJibHOCTi

opHIIX

TiJihKII

3eMJiepo6CTBa

TaK02K

KocMaq

1811

E:.IJ:IIHO

c.

6iJihiiiitt CKJia.[(a!OTb

2KO.IJ:HIIX J!ceHoBa

rpyHTaX

HaBe.[(eHi HII

B

Mipi

OKOJIIII(i.

3aciBaJOTh, Ha

CeJia

MeHIIIitt

fopiiiiHhoro ripChKitt

rpyHTiB

TOrO

Fpa6oeeu,bKUJf

l(IIM

Xy.[(o6y, 3atl:Ma-

HaceneHHJI

)l:o6yBaJOqlf

CeimflUHa

He

Mi3epHi


ImocmpoeaHa 3aC06li

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

Ha 2KliTTJI TBapliHHlil(TBOM,

183

3

Ha cny2K6i

y

6araTliX CKOTapiB,

HaceneHHJI rrepe6yBano B qliHIIIOBitt 3ane2KHOCTi Bi.[( 3eMenhHliX BnacHliKiB. IHTeHCliBHO po3BliBa€ThCJI rronoHHHChKe 2KHrrJI ryu;yniB, BliKnHKaHe 6ypxnliBliM JIBHiCTh

p03BliTKOM TBapliHHlil(TBa, 30KpeMa BiBqapCTBa.

6araTbOX

IIOnOHliH

y

ripChKliX

MiCl(JIX

Ilpo Ha-

fyu;ynhiiiliHli,

BliiiaC

xy.n:o6H, 36araqeHHJI oKpeMHX rocrro.n:apcTB 3aB.[(JIKli rrpocTopliM rracoBHIIIaM

H.[(eTbCJI

y

6araTbOX

TOroqaCHliX

.[(OKyMeHTaX,

30KpeMa

B

HocH<j:>iHChKitt i <l>paHl(liCKaHChKliX MeTpliKax. 3a .n:aHHMli C. 78

IIOnOHliH.

3

BliTBliU:hKoro, y 50-x poKax XIX cT. HliX 61

IIpliiia.[(a€ Ha fanlil(hKY

Ha EyKOBliHChKY, peiiiTa IIOJIBY

HOBliX .[(OKyMeHTiB,

HliH.

Ilpli

OIIliCi

HaniqyBanocJI

fyu;ynhiiiliHY, Tpli -

Ha 3aKaprraTChKy. O.n:HaK, 3Ba2Ka!Oqli Ha l(e

rpyHTiB

He

C.

BeCb

)Ka6'e

rrepeniK

ryu;ynhChKliX

B

p.

1786

IIOnO-

3ra.[(y€ThCJI

IIIe

18 rronoHHH, JIKi 6ynH BnacHiCTIO 6araTHX ryu;yniB )Ka6'ero, KocoBa, J!BopoBa,

J!ceHoBa,

KpHBopiBHi.

3ra.n:yiDThCJI IIIe

tt iHIIIi rrono-

HliHli B )Ka6'eMy, oKonHU:JIX KociBIIIliHli, Ha.n:BipHJIHIIIliHli, PaxiBIIIliHli.

3a

HaiiiHMli

fyu;ynhiiiliHi

rri.n:paxyHKaMH,

6yno

IIOHa.[(

100

B

rrepiiiitt

rronoBHHi

X IX

cT.

Ha

IIOnOHliH.

IlonOHliHli .[(y2Ke Bi.[(pi3HJinliCh Mi2K co6010 3a p03MipaMli, 3pyqHiCTIO po3TaiiiyBaHHJI i JIKiCTIO TpaB. TaK, rronoHHHa Ilorra.n:JI, JIKa Hane2Kana .n:o c.

)Ka6'e,

B

1786

p.

Mana 445

MopriB

3eMni;

3a iHIIIliMli

.n:aHHMli,

15 rracoBHIII rpoMa.IJ:li )Ka6'ero B Tott qac ManH rrnOIIIY 3.275

MopriB.

HarrpHKiHu;i

rronoHHH Kli

IIOnOHliH

MaETKiB

rrepiiiitt

XVIII

Hane2Kana <j:>eo.n:anaM, qacTO

J!ceHoBa"

3.[(aBanli Ore<j:>aH

rronoBHHi

oKpeMHM

lX

B opeH.[(y.

EiniHChKHtt

XIX

6araTHM TaK,

cT.

qacTHHa

ryu;ynaM.

BnacHH-

B

1813

p.

,.[(i.[(liq

rrepe.n:aB y TplipiqHy

opeH.IJ:Y

,rronoHHHY EapqliHIO" 3a 300 pliHChKliX 3nOTliX JIKOMYCh Ce6acTiJIHY KpeXOBel(bKOMY. rracTHCJI KypiHh, BcJI

3ri.[(HO 3 KOHTpaKTOM,

6apaHiB.

KpiM

Taro,

II(06

IIaCTYXli

MOrnli

CXOBaTliCJI TaM

3eMenbHa

IInOII(a

JIKOIO BOno.n:inli <j:>eo.n:anli

OpHOl

3eMni

opeH.n:ap

fyu;ynhll(liHli i .[(ep2KaBa, i

B KOpliCTyBaHHi ripChKliX cenJIH. .[(IIIa<j:>Ty

Ha Hit!:

25

Matl2Ke

K02KHOrO niTa Mana

MaB

rrpaBo

rro6y.n:yBaTH

B Hero.[(y.

IIO.[(inJinacJI

Ha

.[(OMiHianhHY,

pyCTliKanhHY, II(O rrepe6yBana

0cKinhKli B YMOBaX ripCbKOrO naH-

He

6yno,

TO

OCHOBHliM

6araTCTBOM

Kpa!O 6ynli nyKli, IIaCOBliii(a i nicli. 3po3yMino, II(O IIaHiBHa BepxiBKa fyu;ynhll(liHli

Bono.n:ina

BenHKliMli

3eMenhHliMli

yri.n:.IJ:JIMli.

HocH<j:>iH-


BoJtoiJuMup

184 ChKi MeTpiiKII

1785-1788 pp. CBi.[(qaTb, II(O 3HaqHa KiJihKiCTb 3eMeJib-

HIIX yri.[(h -

JIYKII, IIaCOBIIII(a i BCi JiiCII 6yJIII

TIO .[(OMiHitt,

a

Y

CeJIJIHII-ryl(yJIII

KOpiicTyBaHHi

422

ra€MO

-

rrepiiiitt

i

IIaCOBIIII(a.

KyTchKOl .IJ:OMiHil,

cT.

-

IIo.[(i6Hy

OCHOBHe

KapTIIHY

6araT-

CIIOCTepi-

CeJiaX.

HaceneHHJI

HIIX <j:>eo.[(aJiiB ceJIJIHCTBO.

fyl(yJihll(IIHII

IIaHChKIIMII.

ryl(yJihChKIIX

rronoBIIHi XIX

ropO.[(II

rocrro.[(apcTB

14.472 MOprii 3eMJii. 3aTe .[(OMiHiJI BOJIO.[(iJia

3aJIIIIIIaJIIICb

Macy

HeiiO.[(iJihHOIO BJiaCHiC-

HeBeJIIfqKi

Bci JiiCOBi MaCIIBII

B iHIIIIIX

OcHOBHY

MaJIII

ryu;ynhChKIIX

HaiipiiKJia.[(, 3HaXO.[(IIJIOCJI 39.670 MOpraMII. CTBO Kpa!O

Fpa 6oeeu, bJW i1

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

cTaHOBIIJIO

HarrpiiKiHu;i

3aJie2KHe

XVIII

y

Bi.IJ: cBoi"x .IJ:OMiHianh-

BoHo 3aB2K.IJ:II 6yno o6'eKTOM eKcrrnyaTau;il

<j:>eo.[(aJibHOl BepxiBKII. ,Been TJirap TOl cycrriJihHOl HepiBHOCTi i KpiiB.[(II, -

IIIICaB lEaH

<l>paHKO, -

B HaHIIOBHiiiiitt Mipi CIIa.[(aB Ha TOH CTaH,

KOTpiiH B KHIIrax i IIIICbMaX y2Ke tt TO.[(i BBa2KaBCJI OCHOBOIO, rrporo.[(iBHIIKOM

Y

l(iJIOl

cycrriJihHOCTi".

.[(OCJii.[(2KyBaHIIH

rrepiO.[(

qacTIIHa

,.[(y2Kqiix"

6araTIIIIIX

CeJIJIH,

BHaCJii.[(OK MaHHOBOrO p03IIIapyBaHHJI B CeJii, .[(OMOrJiaCJI pi3Koro 36iJihIIIeHHJI CBOlX Ha.[(iJiiB, J!K

cBi.IJ:qaTh .[(aHi

rrepe.[(yCiM 3

rr'JITII ryu;ynhChKIIX cenax KpiiBOpiBHJI MOpraMII

37

H att6iJihiiie MeHIIIe

-

TIIX

II piiqoMy,

CeJIJIHII Bi.[(

(i3

.[(0

600

ycix

rroci.[(aJIII

KpiiBopiBHJI,

)K a6' € ro

300

MOpriB

rronoHIIH

cena

KociB,

MaJIII

MOpriB,

y

p.

JIIIIIIe

B

IIOHa.[(

12.913

3eMeJibHIIX

yri.IJ:b).

ceJIJIHII

)K a6 'e ro,

KociB,

CBO€MY TO

1786

BOJIO.[(iJIO CBOlX

J!ceHiB,

a

B

CTapiitt KociB, J!ceHiB

rOCIIO.[(apCTB

13.418

yri.IJ:h

cyci.IJ:Hi

p03MipOM

:1Ka6'e,

CeJIJIHChKIIX

IIOJIOHIIH

IIOJIOHIIH.

Hocii<j:>iHChKOl MeTpiiKII,

CTapiitt

BOJIO.[(iHHi

6iJihiiie.

ll,e

.[(ell( o KociB.

IIOJIOHIIHII 6yJIII

6araTi

ryl(yJIII, JIKi BIIIIaCaJIII Ha CBOlX IIOJIOHIIHaX 3HaqHy KiJihKiCTb XY.IJ:06II, rrepeBa2KHO

OBel(b,

Ha2KIIBaJIIICJI ll,ett rrpou;ec

i

BOHII

cT.

C. 430

)Ka6'e.

paxyHOK

nyKII,

y

nicii.

IIpiiKJia.[(OM

y :IKa6'eMy

IIOCi.[(aB 2 TIIC.

,IJ:ocni.IJ:HIIK

MaHHOBOl

M.

II.

0pHo1

3eMni

ceJIJIHII

i

B rrepiiiitt

,Hatt6araTIIIIItt

fepaciiMeHKO €

CiHa.

O.[(HOCeJibqaH.

MOpriB 3eMJii -

.[(II<j:>epeHl(iau;il

3a HaBe.[(eHIIMII HIIM .[(aHIIMII, y

rocrro.[(apcTB.

6i.[(HIIX

IIpO.[(OB2KyBaBCJI

30-40-x poKax

()l:piiM6a)

6araTO .[(06pOTHOrO

eKCIIJiyaTal(il

p03IIIapyBaHHJI

TaK,

CeJIJIHIIH" XoBill(yK rronoHIIHII,

3a

MaHHOBOrO

rronoBIIHi XIX

l(iKaBIIM

II(OpOKY HaKOIIIyBaJIII

IIOJie,

rriicaB,

TIIIIOBe

mo

ripCbKe

1773 p. TYT HaJiiqyBaJIOCJI

B3arani

He

MaJIII,

a

2KIIJIII

TiJihKII 3 cKoTapcTBa, KOpiicTyJOqiich rraHChKIIMII rracoBIIII(aMII. B ceni


ImocmpoeaHa 6yno

icmopi5l

~ocHTh

186

KOpiB,

xy~o6rr,

6araTo

~y2Ke

cenJIHaMH

IlpuKapnammR.

po6oqo1

3ocepe~2KyBanocb

JIKiH:

Hane2Kano

caMo

po3rro~inJinacJI

He

6inhiiie

y

TpeTHHH

xy~o6a

i B

3aropo~Hi

qonoBiK, 1x

MY c.

fonoBH

,3aropo~Hi

6yno

20

rocrro~apcTB.

i

ycix

BepxiBKH, TaK

Bo~Hoqac

Cnyrrell:KH.

6e33eMenhHi ry-

ropo~HHKH

1789 p. 6yno

y

~o

rriMaHi

i

KYCKH

<j:>eo~anhHi

a6o xanyrrHHKH, He

B ripCbKO-

B iHBeHTapi rrpo HHX

xanyrrHHKiB Hane2KaTh cyci~HhOMY

rpyHTH i KYCKH ciHo2KaTeH:". Y

rrprrxo~y

ciHo2KaTeH: IIOBHHHOCTi.

13 xanyrrHHKiB.

po~a

OTOT02KHIO 10 Tb CJI.

ropo~HHKH,

i

rroci~a!OTh

c. Eino6epi3Ka

rrpo KaTeropi!O KOMipHHKiB, T06TO THX cenJIH, IIIO He ManH O~HOCenbqaH,

CBO€l XaTH, a ,KOMOpyBanrr" B 6araTIIIHX B

c.

Mana

xanyrrHHKiB.

3ra~KH

CJI

He

cenJIHChKOl

Mano3eMenhHi

rpyHTH

, IIpOTe BOHR BHKOHyBanH

,ll,i

)l:Bi

cenJIHChKHX

3Haxo~JIThCJI

~a!OTb

3arrrrcaHo:

TpeTHHH

pyKax

lJ,iKaBO, IIIO B iHBeHTapi xanyiiHHKH i

57

42

xy~o6rr.

KOMipHHKH, xanyiiHHKH, HaHMHTH Ta iH.

II p o HHX cKa3aHo: B ceni ,

-

BORa Mi2K OKpeMHMH

rocrro~apcTB

cyci~HhOMY

3ra~yiDThCJI

B iHBeHTapHHX orrrrcax u;ynrr-ropo~HHKH,

430

3

117

OBel(b,

185

3

p03IIO~inJinacb

HepiBHOMipHO.

HarrprrKna~,

KopiB,

ane

ToM

iHBeHTapHHX

orrrrcax

6araThOX

cin

fyu;ynhiiiHHH,

3YCTpiqa!OTbrro~eKy~H

y

BenrrKiH: KinhKOCTi. TaK, y 1773 p. B J!ceHoBi fopiiiiHhOMY, 3a

~aHHMH

177 3 p., 1x HaniqyBanocJI 2 5. ,IJ:eJIKi 3 HHX Manu

o~Horo

iHBeHTapJI KOHli, na~,

O~HY

KOpOBY i ,3o6oB'JI3yBanHCJI

B CnyrreH:Kax,

,MaE nHIIIe HapeiiiTi,

O~HY

B

IIIO

6inJI

KOpOBY i

pJI~i

c.

)K

rrnaTHB

ryu;ynhChKHX

~0

a6 'e,

qHHIIIiB i

~aHHH".

HarrpHK-

KOMipHHK

<l> e~ip

Be peTqyK

3a l(e qHHIII". cin

3YCTpiqaeMo

KaTeropi!O cenJIH, JIKi B3arani Hiqoro He Manu, HeHi

Bi~

B c.

~o

KyTchKOl

,IJ:eM'JIHIOK,

6i~HJIKH

J!KHM

fprrropqyK

M02KHa

l(HM

6opoTb6H,

1785-1786

HaKa3y€

,rrpaB~HBHM

Ha

IIpHKna~i

B

PocToKax

TrrMo<j:>iH:

<l>i3~enh,

~.

aHTH<j:>eo~anhHOl

KynJipax

rro6aqHTH

(iHBeHTap 3a 1773 p.). TaK,

IlapacrrHa 3 CHHOM, JIKa ,Hiqoro

IlayrrepH30BaHi ryu;ynrr, rro36aBneHi IIInJix

36i~Hiny

,IJ:aHrrno JlaiiiHIIIHH, MapKo J!KoBeH:, lEaH

,IJ:eM'JIHIDK;

i T.

ll,e

~oMiHil

3ra~yiDThCJI:

BenHKHH Po2KeH

He Mae, BinhHa", I BaH

~OMiHil.

IIOBHHHOCTeH

cin, IIIO Hane2Kanrr

30BciM

i TOMY 6ynrr 3Binh-

pp.

y6orHM,

6y~h-JIKoro

i aBcTpiH:cbKHH BCiM

iHIIIHM

6e3IIpHTynhHHM"

Mall:Ha, cTaBanrr Ha ypJI~

cenJIHaM

IIpHTynKy i

y cBoi"x u;rrpHe

Ha~aBaTH

~OIIOMOrH.


186

Bo!loiJuMup Ha

fyu;yrrhll(HHi

8KTHBHO Hi

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1 3,[(HBHa

p03BliB8ITliCH

pb-

cirrhChKorocrro,[(apchKi -

IIpOMliCITli o6po6Ka ,[(CpeBa

MliCITliBCTBO,

BOBHH,

IIIKipH,

TOII(O.

HaHBHiCTh KiiThKOCTi II(liHi HIO

BCITliKOl

piK

Ha

CIIpliHIT8

OKpCMOl

fyu;yrrh-

BliHliKHCH-

rpyiiH

CCITHH

(pH6orroB i B-pH6arroK). Hatt6irrhiiie

TaKHX

rroK-ryu;yrriB

6yrro

ciBII(HHi,

rricH

CIIpliHITli

IIOHBi

1w

Kymu.

Ceimllww

carro"

y

ceJiax,

Bcix

BOHR ,[(ITH

coni.

TKaqi

TKaq

,[(aBarrH ,crrrra-

rrcTpyrH

HKi

6araThOX

THHY

Ha

3

(!l:CCHTHH

B

po60TH, Ha

KociBII(HHi

ryu;yrrH

)l,opi

y

,[(OMiHiHM BYITHK),

i

a6o

1786

p.

38 3

bOH,[(api

pi3n6Hpi

3

K02KHHH

,MCIIIKHITH

BYITHK 3arri3a

,[(CMHliKli",

Bcix -

-

Tpli

ryTHliKli.

B

KYIThTH-

cerrax

,[(CMHHKH.

a6o

lliKpi6peqi.

6,[(2KiiThHY

IIIT8TliiTli -

,[(e

6oqKli

51ceHoBi.

po,[(HHH

Matt2Ke

y

6yrrH

<j:>rropHHli.

rro6yTOBi

Ocb

IIOBliHHiCTb

y

,[(B8

6,[(2KiiThHHl(TBOM

o6po6KH

,6yp-

BHrOTOBITHITli

,[(OM8IIIHi

qoMy

Bi,[(,[(a-

correBapHHX,

3attMarrHcH

<j:>e0,[(8IThHY

peMiCHHKH

rpHBCHb".

Ha,[(BipHHHII(HHi,

pi3b6HITH

ITOBITIO

6opcyKiB

IIOBliHHiCTb

rrpal(IOBarrH

3ITOTHX

,porH OITCHH"

rrepeB82KHO

,[(BOpOBi

XY,[(02KHhO

cerrax

arre

9

5 3a

rpiiiiMli

ryu;yrrhChKHX

KociBII(HHi,

IIIT8TliB

HeKyrrhTHBOBaHHM. 3,[(8B8ITH

3ra,[(yiOThCH rra,[(,

2KHITH

,[(CpeBa

iHIIIHX

BOBaHHM CCITHHH

pbHi

rrpH

a6o

rpHBCHb".

orreHiB

3ITOTHX

Hatt6irrhiiie

mopoKy

51BopoBi

ITHKiB,

4

,crrrraqyBarrH

arre

BliKOHYBHITli

Ko2KeH

Y

a6o

CTpiiThl(iB.

672

BHITH cyKoBe

MliCITliBl(iB,

CerrHHH-pH6arrKH

36 Kocoea

,[(HqHHa

3B8HliX

qyBarrH

llfllflX 3

Ko-

Ha,[(BipHHHII(HHi.

EaraTi

THK

pH6aHa

KpaiO ,[(CCH-

rpHBHi. HarrpHK-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

He3Ba2Ka!Oqlf HII

Ha

rrepe6yBaJIO

TOMY

Bcix

M.

IlpuKapnammR.

B

coujaJibHe

qifHIIIOBiH

rri.I(.IJ:aHIIX

II.

He

HOl

xy.l(o6II

y

niB

rri.I(.IJ:aHIIX.

M02KJIIIBOCTi

BeCTII

rraHII(IIHa

Bi.IJ:irpaBana

TOroqacHi

.I(OKyMeHTII.

,B

ceJii

TOMY

BapKOBa

U:YJihll(IIHII

BIIII(aMII Ti,

JIKi

3a -

B

Bi.IJ:

.1(0

y

y

xy.l(o6II.

6yB

qifHIIIOBi

TaK02K

CeJii

IIOCi.l(aqi

He

IIOBIIHHOCTi rryHKTiB.

Xoq

i

IIpo

CeJIJIH ryu;ynii

C.

Y

17

.l(aHIIH

cenax

qifHIII

Bi.l(

CTaHOBIIJia

rpiiiiMII

fOJIOBII y

,IIiiiiol'" He

i

3a

a

TOMY

cBi.IJ:qaTh

i

3aiiiiCaHO:

cT.

B

CeJIJIH.

HaB

rraco-

IIOBIIHHOC-

ceJIJIH

1789

iHIIIi

p.

.l(aBHiM

iHBeHTapi .I(Bip

3aJie2KHO 3arriicaHo:

IIaHII(IIHY,

IIOBIIHHOCTi.

Y

3BifqaeM.

TOJIOKy"

6yJIII

3o6oB'JI3Y-

CIIJiaqyBaJIIICJI 3a

fy-

JIK

CiH02KaTJIMII,

p.

Bi.IJ:

ropax

ceJIJIHII,

Bi.l(p06JIJITII

Ta

JIKOl

Bi.IJ:MiHy

HaTypaJihHi

1773 JIKi

3

Ha

Bi.l( IIpiipO.I(HIIX YMOB,

y

.I(BOpOBi

B

BJiaC-

<j:>eo.l(a-

IIaHyBaJia <j:>iJih-

IIOBIIHHOCTi

KpiiBopiBHJI

6e3

u:e

IIaHII(IIHa,

rpOIIIOBi

.l(eCJITIIH,

cena

.l(aHIIH.

XIX

3aJie2KHO

rraHII(IIHY

u;noro

i

3eMeJib, .l(e

,BIIHaHMaHy

IIOTpi6Ha,

II p o

ropo.l(aMII,

3ri.I(HO

rpoMa.l(a 2KO.I(HOl IIaHII(IIHII

piqHifll

-

porOBII(IIHY,

rOTOBIIMII

rpiiiiMII

qifHIIIiB

qifHIII

3a

paH:oHax

rro36aBJIJIJia

rpyHTiB )J:opii

<j:>eo.l(aJihHi

IIaHCbKOMY

ripcbKIIX

rOCIIO.I(apCTBa,

IIOB'JI3aHa

c.

i

6yBaJio".

rpyHTOBIIH

BaJIIICJI .1(0 .l(eCJITII .I(HiB

rOTOBIIMII

OIIIICi

CnyrreH:Kax i

fyu;ynhiiiii-

BJiaCHIIKiB,

Bi.l( KiJihKOCTi

ponh.

rronoBIIHi

iHBeHTapi

IIJiaTJITb

3

rrepe.l(yCiM

IIJiaTIITII

rraHChKIIM .IJ:BOpoM.

He

3eMJie!O

qifHIIIiB"

B

IIJiaTIITII

3aKOH:

TOMY

IIpii

6yna

rrepiiiiH:

306 OB' JI3aHa

TOrO

CIIJiaqyBaJIII

B

He!O

:IKa6'eMy

,rpOIIIOBIIX

, fpoMa.l(a

CeJii

3

BIIKOHyBaJIII

rropi.IJ:

KpiM

p.

B a

3eMni

<j:>iJihBapKOBi

HiKOJIII

KOpiiCTyBaHHJI

TaK,

opHo1

He3HaqHy

pi3HIIX OKOJIIII(JIX Kpa!O,

pi3HIIMII. BaJIII

ropax .IJ:Y2Ke

CKJia.l(aJIIICJI

a

XVIII

rraHII(IIHa

3aXi.I(HOyKpalHChKIIX

rrepeBa2KaJIII

IIpiiKiHl(i .l(aBHIIHY,

B

Y 1786

ceJIJIH

HaceneHHJI

3eMeJibHIIX

, qifHIIIOBIIKaMII".

mo

Bi.IJ:CYTHiCTh

TYT

OKOJIIII(b

CIICTeMa,

Ha3IIBaJIII

Bi.l(

3eMJieKOpiiCTyBaHHJI,

<j:>iJihBapKy

IIoBIIHHOCTi HII30BIIHHIIX

po3IIIapyBaHHJI,

3ayBa2Kye,

Bi.l( p03MipiB

187

3

3aJie2KHOCTi

.IJ:OMiHil

fepaciiMeHKO

3aJie2KaJia

ToM

3ri.I(HO

3arriicaHo: o6iHTIICJI

3

a

BOHII l(bOMY

yro.I(OIO

3

, ... rraHII(IIHa M02Ke,

XaH

qifHIII".

1789

p.

CKJia.l(aJIIICJI

YPJI.IJ:OBOIO

IIaHII(IIHII,

B

po6IITh, JIIIIIIe

3

BKa3iBKOIO

iHBeHTapi qifHIII

i

BOCbMII

3o6oB'JI3Y-

3aiiiiCaHO:

iHIIIi

,Ta

IIOBIIHHOCTi

IIJia TilTh"

KyTchKIIX XY.IJ:06II, II(OpOKY

KaMepaJihHIIX IITIII(i. IIOHa.l(

MaE:TKiB

3araJibHa

25.559

ceJIJIHII

cyMa .I(OXO.I(iB

3JIOTIIX.

3

rrnaTIIJIII qifHIIIiB

i


188

ropa lJ,iKaBIIM J!ceHiB,

1773

18

,3

u;noro,

.IJ:HiB

38

qepe3

.IJ:O

piK.

ITJiaTIIJIII

30KpeMa ll(O

pp.

C.

fopiiiiHiH

CeJIJIH. qifHIIIi

ITJiaTIIB

3a

Ha

.IJ:aHIIMII

CYMY

poroBII(IIHY

CTaHOBIIJIO

CeJIJIHII

porOBII(IIHY,

.IJ:aBaJIII

l(iHHe,

KBapTIIpHe,

.IJ:HiB .IJ:BOpy

Ha

piK.

ropiJIKY

ITpiiBaTHIIX,

ITpii ITO Bi.IJ:

B

4.515

oBel(h

3araJihHiH

3

cyMi

.IJ:Ba

6yJIII Bi.IJ:

Taro,

a6o 1x

ITOBIIHHa

ll(O

,Bi.IJ:6yBaTII l(hOrO

ITJiaTIIJIII

.IJ:BOpiiii(a

.IJ:aBaTII

3a

3MiHIIJIOCJI

o6oB'JI3KiB ITaHII(IIHY CBOl

y

-

KOIIITII

IT'JITb

.IJ:HiB

.IJ:Oporax".

Bi.IJ:

BYJIIIKa,

Bi.IJ:p06JIJIJIII

ITO 3

qep3i

IIIap-

ll(06

TY

IJJiaTIIJIII KOHTpii6y-

ITaHII(IIHY

6e3ITJiaTHO

ITOCJiaHl(iB ciTpaBax,

<j:>eo.n:aJibHIIX

3BiJihHJIJIIICb,

3o6oB'JI3yBaJIII

YPJI.IJ:OBIIX

pli.IJ:

Bi.IJ:6YTII

KOMyHiKal(iHHIIX

ITCTpyrii,

rpyHTY

me

6yB

.IJ:.

MaJIO

aJie

CBOlX

36i2K2KJI, TaK

qep3i T.

306oB'JI3aHi .IJ:OpOrii,

KpiM i

ITO

pou;i,

MaJIII

ITOBIIHeH

6y.IJ:IIHKII

1811

B

u;icapCbKOl Bi.IJ:6YTII

rociTo.n:apcTBa

rOCITO.IJ:ap

fpoMa.IJ:a

.IJ:BipChKi

ITOBIIHHiCTb

B

1811

i

ITOBIIHHOCTi

MJIIIHa",

ryu;ynhChKi

poKiB,

ITOBIIHHOCTJIX.

JIK

i

CeimflUHa

1773

rOCITO.IJ:apCTB

Ko2KHIIH

K02KHIIH

Ha

o6cnyroByBaTII

.IJ:O

<j:>eo.n:aJihHi

ITpOITiHal(ii:

.IJ:BOpOM.

.IJ:eCJITb

BapKy

Kapnamax.

iHBeHTapiB

CeJIJIHChKIIX

rpiiBeHh.

e

3JIOTIIX.

KpiM ITepe.IJ:

HaBO.IJ:JITbCJI

158

ITOJIOHIIHII

1400

lcpoeeu,b

ITOpiBHJIHHJI

.n:e

p.,

3JIOTIIX

12

Ipa6oeeu,bKU1 f

Bo;zoiJuMup

-

Bi.IJ:B03IITII 3

ITaHChKoro

rpoMa.IJ:II .n:epeBa


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

6e3IIJiaTHO

6y.n:yBaTII

TKaq 23

I!IOPOKY

qepBHJI

3aB03IIB Y

.n:epeBo

B

I!IIIHII.

He

p.

TO

B

TYT

3B'JI3KII

3BifqalB,

Cepril,

.[(0

piiCaX

Ko2KHIIH Bi.[(

6e3IIJiaTHO

iH.

XIX

JlyK'JIHa ,A6II

cT.

.n:eJIKi

fYiiYJih-

rri.IJ:HJIJIOCJI

Ko6IIJIIIIii.

Ha

3p03yMiTII

IIOJIBY

OKOM

i

Bi.n:6yniicJI

nyKOBIIHCbKOl

poKax

KIIHYTII

pi.[(

B

Ha Ti

IIe

B H

COiiiaJibHO-

p03BiH JIKIIX BIIHiC H:oro

pyxy

3YIIIIHIIMOCJI

3.[(aBHa

2KIIJIII

PychKOro

Po3TOKII,

Ha Ha

PychKO-KIIMrronyH-

fYiiYJihChKOl

nyKOBIIHII,

eKOHOMiqHoMy

CTaHOBIII!Ii

lliTyqHi

MOJI.[(aBChKO-IIOJib-

CeJIJIHII-rYiiYJIII,

ryifyJiaMII,

p03MOBJIJIIQqfi

cTaB

cepiieBIIHi

He3Ba2KaiOqfi

raJIIIIibKIIMII

CKJia.[(y

IInocKa,

HJITh

40-x

cenJIHChKoro

Ti€IO

2K

TopaKII,

JIKi

IIi.[(TpiiMyBaJIII

.[(OTpiiMyiOqfiCb roBipKOIO.

KIIMIIOJiyHra

CTe6He, ,IJ:oBrorrinnJI,

3YMOBIIJIII

BapTy,

ABcTpiero

cepe.[( JIKIIX BiH 2KIIB

IlyTIIJiiB-CTopoHeiih,

IlyTIIna, parni,

3

3aHJITb,

CT .

Ta

<l>paHKO:

3HaXO.[(IIBCJI

TepiiTOpil.

KOp.[(OHII,

XIX

JIKe

JIKIIH

3araJibHIIX Iii€l

HiqHy

Bi.[(HOCIIHaX y

6y.IJ:IIHKII.

p03IIOpli.[(2KeHHJIM

apeHy". IieHTpoM

OKpyr,

.[(Bopy

rrpoBO.IJ:OM

lEaH

3

Hie

EyKoBIIHII

TYT

rri.n:

.IJ:BipchKi

qep3i

.n:o

189

(3ri.[(HO

Tpe6a .[(OKOHqe

Bi.[(HOCIIHII,

OcKiJihKII

ChKi

caMe

yBary

Ko6IIJIIIIii,

3hKIIH

TiCHi

ITO

orraneHHJI

3aBopyrneHHJI

iCTOpiiqHy

Mil

3JIOTIIX"

3arap6aHHJIM

3BepHyB

3

peMOHTyBaTII 2

TaK02K

BIIrra.n:KoBo

eKOHOMiqHi

ryifyJiiB

.[(JIJI

i3

p.

.[(iJIJihHiCTb

Ha

p.),

ToM

COiiiaJibHO-eKOHOMiqHifX

cenJIHChKe 1902

a6o

,CIIJiaqyBaB

1803

1774

3MiHII

IlpuKapnammR.

Y

BXO.[(IIJIII

KIIciiJIIIIii,

CaMIIX

30-40-X

poKaX

HaceneHi

IIYHKTII:

)l:IIXTIIHeiih,

KoHJITIIH, 5!6noHIIIiJI,

IIi.n:3axapiiqi,

TaKIIX

YcTh-

MapiiHIIqi,

M e2KII6po.n:II.

fipchKi

IleTyMoBII

3a-

HaceneHHJI,

TYT

ocino:

TBa-

piiHHIIIiTBO,

pi3Hi

IIpOMIICJIII, IIOB'JI3aHi 3

ripCbKIIMII

MII

YMOBa-

2KIITTJI. Cro.n:II

neHHJI

Ha

H.IJ:YTh

rroceTaK02K

<j:> e o.n:anii. Bi.n:oMIIH C <l>.

T II.

0

p

II

K

III eBqeHKO

IfhOro

rrpiiBO.IJ:Y

HaqaB,

mo

3

3a3-

H: TYT, JIK

TpoUioei

MOHemu, B

KiHu,i

RKi XVIII

6yJZu -

Ha

B

o6i<y nolfamKy

Ha

Tyu,yJZbut,UHi

XIX

em.


190

BoJtoiJuMup i

B

Fpa6oeeu,bKUi1

CTeiiOBitt

palHII,

qacTIIHi

CJii.[(OM

3a

YK-

yTiKaqa-

MII Bi.[( KpiiiOCHIIl(TBa HIIIJIII IIaHII

3 KHJI3iBChKIIMII

MOTaMII, IIIO

l(i

.[(e

rpa-

rOBOpiiJIOCJI,

3eMJii

IIO.[(apoBaHi

KHJI3iBChKIIM

CJiyraM.

)l:o-

KyMeHTII

IIIO

MOJI.[(aBChKi BaJIII

l(i

pliM,

KHJI3i

3eMJii

6oJipaM,

BIIMaraTII pii

IIIO

€MO

tt

y

HacTyii XOIIJieHHJI

Ma€THiCTIO, <j:>eo.[(aJiiB

(EyKoeuHa).

XIX em.

l(hOro

OKpyr

B

Hil -

Po3TOKII,

HaceneHHJI JIKi

XIX

ropii,

ABCTpi€10.

3

u;noro

rrepeBipJIJIII IIOJIOHIIHII,

.[(aHIIHII.

a

B

rrpou;ec: IIIOpa3

pi3HIIMII

BOJIIO

CIIOC0-

, ... 3

IIi.[(.[(aHIIX

BCTyrri

B

.[(aHIIHII" IIiCJIJI

3a-

PychKO-KIIMIIOJIYH3hKIIH IIO.[(iJieHIIH

B

3

Bi.[(aB

TaK

.[(OMi-

faniiqiiHII,

Ha

HaceneHHJI

qacTiiiie

XaTII,

3

Tpii

MaH.[(aTOp.

3a IIpii6yTKaMII

.IJ:OKyMeHTiB

.[(aHIIHII".

Ha

O.[(IIH

BTiKaqiB rOHIITBi

qacoM

IIaHII

IIaTpiapxaJibHOttoro

IIOCIIJIIIBCJI

JIKIIMII

O.IJ:HOMY

rriicanocJI:

3

p.

6yB

paxyHoK

HOBOII06y.[(OBaHi

36IIpaJIII

IIOCTiHHi

<j:>eo.[(aJIII

p03IIIIIpiiJIIICJI JIK

1832

3a

IIpii

ryu;yniB

)l:oBrOIIiJIJIJI,

IIOJIOHIIHII,

rrpiiBO.IJ:Y

IIOJIOHIIHII

i

Y

IIaHy

Ha

Bi.[(HOIIIeHHi

36iJihiiiyBanocJI

HOBi

36iJihiiiyBaJIII

cT.

BaJIOCJI,

HOBi

TYT

HOBOMY

6yKOBIIHChKIIX

IlyTIIJiiB

OCBOJOBaJIII

.[(e.[(aJii

Kpa!O

CeJIJIHII

a.[(MiHiCTpaTIIBHOMY

OKOJii .[(06aqa-

caMIIH

2Ke6HOCTi. )l:apyHKII, JIKi ITO

rrepeMiHJIIOTbCJI

Ha

PychKO-KIIM-

6aMII BIITIICKaJOqlf Bi.[( HIIX TO HOBi cnyTO

.[(aBHhOMY

BOJIO.[(iHHJI

,He

<l>paHKO,

o6Me2KyBaTII

IIi.[(.[(aHIIX,

IIpiiHOCIIJIII

IIOKO-

rroqiiHaJOTh

6iJihiiie

3BifqaJO

I.

IIIIIIIe

TOH

rraHII

MY

rroqaJIII

Bi.[( CeJIJIH

rronyH3hKiM

Ceim!luHa 3 KiHU,fl

MOHaCTII-

JIKi

CJIYXHJIHOCTi.

.[(IIBO, -

Fyu,yJtu 3 Bu:J~CHuu,i

p03.[(a-

rroqaTKY 36iJihiiiY-

HaBi.[(yBaJIIICJI rpyHTII,

B

MipJIJIII


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

ABCTpiHChKIIH

IlpuKapnammR.

ypJI.I(

CIToqaTKY

ryu;ynaMII, y

6yKOBIIHChKIIX

3eMJieBJiaCHIIKiB

o6pa3HO

ceJIJIH

aJie

TaKi

TJirapi,

Ha

ITi.l(.l(aHIIMII

lXHiMII

ryu;ynhChKe .I(Ba

B

c.

Tpii

CTBO i

B

Ha

pii60JO;

II(OpiqHo CeJIJIHII

3a

II(O

3a

riJIKII

IT'JITb

.l(pyra

-

rpyiT.

Bi.IJ:

KOHett,

MiCl(eBOCTi CTaHi"

qifHOM,

B

a6o

3MeHIIIyBaTIICJI

i

BCi

ITJiaTII

J!KII(O

ITOBIIHHOCTi ITO.I(iJIJIJIIICb

IT'JITa

Ha -

6piiH30JO.

3a A

cno-

ITOJIOHIIHII ceJIJIHII,

KopqMif

TpiiMaTII

piK,

O.I(IIH.

pyMyHcbKoro

IInaTa

ITepeiTJiiTaBcJI

<l>opMII

3aJie2KHO

36iJihiiieHHJI

ITi.l(.l(aHIIH

BiBl(i.

<j:>JIOpiiHiB

(Bi.IJ:

,Ta

pii6aJib-

MOJI.I(aBChKIIMII

ITaHCbKOl

peMOHTyBaTII

Ca2KHJI

B

3

mo

iHIIIOl

.I(06poMy

MJIIIHII.

O.IJ:HOMY ceni

BIICTyiTa€

.1(0

pi3Horo

Ta

K02KHIIH

.I(Ba,

u;iHa).

CITJiaqyBanacJI

JiiCiB

Ha

.l(eB'JITb

,pyiTTOJO"

i

CIIJIOIO.

l(i€l

-

K02KHe

ITJiaTIITII .I(IfqlfHOIO

3a

ITi.l(.l(aHIIMII,

ITpiiB03IITII

Ha

,xanyiTII"

K02KHOrO

O.I(Hiel

TO,

3BanacJI

TaK02K

3

a6o

OBoqiB

OBel(b

p03MipOM

ITJiaTIIJia

Ha .I(JIJI

ryu;yniB,

yro.I(OJO,

3

CTJiryBaJIIICb

BCTaHOBJieHa

ITaHII(IIHOIO.

JICKpaBO Ta

a

i

qeTBepTa

i

Bi.l(

BOBHY

.l(aHIIHY,

3a

3

xaTII

ITaHChKIIX

qoTIIpii,

6yJIII

KopqMif

qifHIII

ITaHII(IIHII

-

po3MipiB

ITOBIIHHi

HIIH

l(bOMY

HIIX

ITOBIIHHOCTett

3ri.I(HO

Ki3 Ta

Hi6IITO

ITaiTaMII-<j:>pOH.I(OpaMII

.l(eCJITIIHY

ro.l(iBJii

o6oB'JI3KII,

ITepeHOCIITII

ITOHaKJia.l(aJIII

ITaHChKi JiiCII,

IIIKipy

ITO.I(aTKII

rpiiiiMII

ropiJIKY,

3

-

3

3ro.l(a,

ITaHChKi

TaKIIM

.I(JIJI

tt

K02KHOl

3

ITpiiBO.IJ:Y l(hOrO

.l(i.I(II".

ITaCOBIIChK

qepe3

fyu;yJIII

TpeTJI

1x

Mi2K

<j:>JIOH.I(OpaMII l(iHa.

ITO.IJ:aTKiB

3aJie2KaJia

yro.I(II

CITJiaqyBaTII

Ilepiiia

pyiTTyapii

MaJIII

.l(epeB

Mi2K

p03Mip

TaKTIIKa

CeJIJIHChKi

mo6

yrO.I(II

6aTbKII

ITOJIJOBaHHJI

3aKOHaMII,

IIIiCTh,

BIIITJiaTa Ba

3a

ITOBIIHHOCTi

ITi.l(.l(aHIIMII

lX

roTiBKOIO;

Taro,

tt

6yB

Bi.I(HOCIIHII

HOpMyBaTII

.IJ:O

(1803).

y

XIITpa

<l>paHKO 3

Ti

Bi.IJ:

6yna

YMOBaMII,

II(O

ciHo2KaTett

HaTypo!O

BCTaHOBJIJOBaJiaCb Ha

3

Bi.I(MOBJIJIJIIICJI

yro.I(OIO

3HaJIII JIKIIM

ITpOTiKa!OTb

ITJiaTIIB

aBCTpiHChKIIMII

ITaHaMII

ITJiaTIIJio:

piK

Kpettu;epii;

piKaX,

Mi2K

II YTIIJiiB

rociTo.l(apcTBO

<j:>JIOpiiHII

tt.IJ:e

YCHIIMII

ITpiiKJia.l(i

HaTypoJO; ciHa

ITOCTYITOBO

a6o

He

yro.I(II,

l(e

lEaH

3MiH

<j:>eo.l(aJihHi

0.1(HaK

ITOKa3y€TbCJI,

JIKIIX

3a

ITo6aqiiTII

M02KHa

ITO

IIIBII.I(KO

6yJIII

u:e

Illo

yrO.I(II

HiJIKIIX

icHyJOqi

3MaraHHJI

Tpa.I(III(i€10

YKJia.l(a!OTbCJI

ITaM'JITi,

BHOCIIB

.I(OrOBOpiB.

,3araJibHe

.I(OCi

191

3

BO.I(HOqac lX ITi.I(BIIII(yBaTII.

ITIICaB:

HOpMOBaHi ITaiTip.

i

He

JIIIIIIe

O<j:>OpMJIJIJIIICJI

ITOBIIHHOCTi

BIIrJIJI.I(i

ToM

Bi.l(

OCHOBHa pi3HIIX

rpoiiiOBIItt

ITOBIIHHOCTett o6cTaBIIH TeH.I(eHl(iJI

MOrJIII

qlf

<j:>eo.l(aJiiB

ITOBIIHHOCTett.

36iJihiiiyBaTIICJI

6a2KaHHJI

TyT,

JIK

ITaHa.

Ilpii

ITOCIIJieHHJI ITO

BCitt


192

Bo!loiJuMup

Fpa6oeel{bKUi1

EyKoBIIHi,

rraHII

crroco6aMII cenHH

pi3HIIMII

rro36aBnHnii Ha

3eMenh

3eMnHX

BIIIIacanii

l(IIX CBOIO

XY.JJ:06y. CKaprii

cenHH

CBi.JJ:qaTb

rrpo HeHMOBipHi 3Hyll(aHHH <j:>eo.JJ:aniB

EyKoBIIHChKOl

fyu:ynhll(IIHII. TaK, y cKap3i cenHH PychKO- KIIMrronyH3bKOrO

OKpyry,

HKY

BOHII

IIO.JJ:anii 20 TpaBHH 1846 p. Ha

iM'H

caMoro

ChKoro

u:icapH,

aBcTpiH:qifTaeMo:

, ... Haiiia cBo6o.JJ:a, Haiiii .JJ:il i Haiiii cnoBa 3aKyTi B KaH:.JJ:aHII,

Haiiii

3pyHHOBaHi,

rOCIIO.JJ:apCTBa B

HaC

rraHy€

BaH.JJ:ani3M i rpa6i2KHIIl(TBO ... Fyl{y!lu 3

3

KuMnO!lJHca

mpeM6imOJo.

Haiiioro

ropH

Ceim!luHa

CTOlTb

MII IIpOCIIMO BIICnaTII l(ap-

(EyKoeuHa) KiHl{fl

XIX em.

3aKnOIIOTaHO

ChKY

Cnh03a

BaiiiOl

KOMiciJO

niiqHocTi.

B

B

Ol(i,

HaiiiiM

Be-

6e3Me2KHOCTi a

HaiiiOMY

2KIITTIO 3arp02KY€ TaKa He6e3IIeKa, II(O MII 3MyiiieHi TiKaTII 3a KOp.JJ:OHII, II(06 TaM, 60.JJ:aH B CII6ipy, BIIMOniiTII co6i IIpiiTynoK". He Kpall(e CTaHOBIIII(e 6yno cenHH Ha 3aKaprraTChKiH fyu:ynhll(IIHi. )l:oKyMeHTII Bi.JJ:OMO,

rrpo

II(O

.JJ:O

rrepiO.JJ:

1772

aBCTpiHCbKOrO

p.

cenHHII

J!CIIHi

IIaHyBaHHH 3MyiiieHi

MaH2Ke 6ynii

Bi.JJ:CYTHi.

BIIKOHyBaTII

IIOBIIHHiCTb: rrepeB03IITII cinh 3 coneBapeHb, a 3 1773 p. lX 306oB'H3yBanii

rrnaTIITII

.JJ:OMiHiL ane

rpoiiii

OcHOBHe

BOHII

3a rrepeBe3eHHH

6araTCTBO

Hane2Kanii

Ka3Hi.

coni Ta BIIroToBnHTII

3aKaprraTChKOl fyu:ynaM

J!CIIHi,

fyu:ynhll(IIHII HK

2KIITenHM

rrnoTII nicii, iHIIIIIX

ripCbKIIX cin, 6yno 3a6opoHeHO 3aHMaTIICH MIICniiBCTBOM, 3arOTOBnHTII

rraniiBO

Y

BCiX

i HaBiTh cenax

36IIpaTII B nici

nlfqKiBCbKOl .JJ:OMiHil

HrO.JJ:II Ta rpii6II. 3aMiCTb

HaTypanhHOrO

o6poKy

BBO.JJ:IIniiCH BCe3pOCTaJOqi rpOIIIOBi rro6opii. 3aMiCTb 3.JJ:aqi IIIKipii KYHIIl(i,

HarrpiiKna.JJ:,

cenHHII

crrnaqyBanii

TPII

<j:>nopiiHII,

BiBU:i

O.JJ:IIH,


ImocmpoeaHa 3aMiCTb

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

Bi.[(po6iTKY 2KeHl(JI

ToM

193

3

TaK02K Tpii

T . .[(.

<j:>rropiiHII

3

yBe.[(eH-

HJIM rpOIIIOBOl peHTII ryu;yrrii, III06 3HaHTII 3aco6II .[(JIJI CIIJiaTII rpOIIIOBIIX rro6opiB, 3MyiiieHi 6yJIII Ha piiHKY IIpO.[(aBaTII CBOIO Xy.[(o6y, HTII Ha 3apo6iTKII B rricii. TaK, HarrpiiKiHu;i XVIII cT. B OKOJIIIU:JIX c. 51ciiHJI Ha

300-400 qorroBiK. Y rrepiiiiH:

rrico3aroTiBJIJIX Ta crrrraBi rricy rrpau;IOBarro rrorroBIIHi XIX

cT.

HIIIOB

rrpou;ec

eKCIIJiyaTyBaJIII

yrrpaBIITeJii

CrrpaB2KHiM JIIIXOM .[(JIJI .IJ:i .[(0

aBCTpiHCbKOrO

rrepepBHa

MYIIITpa,

o6e33eMerreHHJI

Ka3eHHOl .[(OMiHil, ryu;yrriB

peKpyTII

CiJihChKi .[(OMiHil qepe3

IIOBIIHHOCTi HOBHIIH

y

ITO

Ba2KeHi

IIpOBO.[(IIBCJI

peKpyTII

Ha6opy

peKpyTChKi

ropii.

Ilpo

u;eH:

CerrJIHII

Ha3IIBaB

i

6araTIIIi 6i.[(HIIX,

.[(OCTaBJIJIJIII

BiHTiB.

Xoq .[(0

Bi.IJ:KYIIJIJIJIIICJI,

OC06JIIIBO

,6paHKoiO".

peKpyTiB

Ha6opii

-

<j:>aKT 3ra.[(y€

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII

B.[(aBaJIIICJI .[(0

IIpii3BO.[(IIJIII .[(0 MeMyapiicT

qacTo

HaH:6irrhiii Bi.IJ:OMIIMII YIIOBHOCBaBiJIJIJI.

ryu;yJihChKIIX XJIOIIl(iB y

IleTpo

Teprrirrii

OC-

HaHMIITiB.

HeHMOBipHoro

BTeqi

B

u;i€1

CTyrrHIIU:hKIIH.

Bi.[(

CTIIXiHHOrO

JIIIXa

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII IleTpa CTyrrHIIU:hKoro 3aiiii-

,1786 ro.IJ:. TJI2KKIIH ro.IJ: 6yB; BeJIIIKIIH rorro.IJ:, B ropax HaiiiiiX i

caHo:

yropCbKIIX

MHOrO

.[(Op02KHiJI

BeJIIIKa.

ro.IJ:.

O.[(HaK

paxyHOK

6e3-

1788 p. 6yrro rrepe-

IIpiiMYCOBO

1809, 1832 pp., KOJIII CiJihChKi BiRTH -

rrocyx, HeBpo2Ka1B. Y xpoHiu;i

B

JIKIIX

CBOlX rail.[(yKiB

BCi,

3a

Hapo.IJ:

B 1788,

6yJIII 6paHKII

TaKi

BiKy,

306oB'JI3yBaJIIICJI

Ha6ip

Ha6ip

BiHCbKOBOrO

pe2KIIM,

o<j:>iu;epiB.

Ha ocHoBi rreperriicy (KoHcKpiirru;il) HacerreHHJI IOHaKiB

Ha6opii Morro-

IIaHyBaJIII 2KOpCTOKIIH

CBaBiJIJIJI

rriicaHo

6araTil.

6yrra peKpyTqiiHa -

BiHCbKa, .[(e

rpy6iCTb

ryu;yrriB, 1x Hema.IJ:HO

CiJihChKi

MIIpliH fyu;yrrii

XO.[(IIJIII

Ilocyxa BeJIIIKa; .IJ:02K.IJ:2KY He

EpycTypax,

feopriJI

TaK

TJI2KKe rrepiO.[(

.IJ:HJI

mo

3a

6yrro.

ro.[(.

3602KeM

1831

1834 ro.[(a. xy.[(o6i .IJ:O

cou;iarrhHO-eKoHoMiqHe

Kpii3II

BOJieHIIX,

14 arrpirrJI...

BeJIIIKa 6yrra,

1816

IIOMeprro.

p030peHIIX i

ro.[(a.

cTaHOBIIII(e

6e3rrpaBHIIX ryu;yrriB

B

He

ro.IJ:;

rOJIO.[(,

1824

MOJI.[(aBy;

Xorrepa rroJIBIIrracJI

3arra.IJ:h

ciHa

<j:>eo.[(aJibHO-KpiiiOCHIIl(hKIIX

TJI2KKIIH a2K

cHi2KHa

Korro

cB.

M02KHa .IJ:iHTII".

cerrJIH

Bi.[(HOCIIH

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII IIITOBXaJIO

B

IIOHe-

Ha IIIJIJIX aHTII<j:>eo.[(aJibHOl

6opOTb6II.

2. AuTuKpinocuuu,hKa 6opoTh6a Kpii3a <j:>eo.[(aJihHO-KpirrocHIIU:hKIIX Bi.IJ:HOCIIH cou;iarrhHi

cyrrepeqHocTi.

me

6irrhiiie

3arocTpiO€


194

BoJtoiJuMup

EKCIIJiyaTOBaHi IIIHX CJI

<j:>opM

KiJihKiCTb

neraJibHa, M.

II.

piJO i

CKapr

ane

ttoro

Ta

CBOlX

CeJIJIH

rrepiiia

€,[(HHHM

6opOTb6H

6yna

):(2Kepeno

3HaHh

BOHO

BTpaqeHe,

a6o

a6o

CKapr

a6o

):(eJIKe

yJIBJieHHJI

y

HHX

ITO

3aiiHCKaX rrpo

rpoMa,[(CbKa

lEaH cKapr

<l>paHKO ryu:yniB

):(i):(Hqa

AttBaca,

TOrO

HHX Ha

3):(HpCTB.

TaK02K y

BHcyBaJOThCJI

rrpaBHJIO, IIaHiB

Ha

OcKiJihKH

TiKaJIH

cKaprH

B

ropH

I.

yrO,[(H

<l>.

3ape€CTpOBaHO

MeTpHKa, MiHaJibHHX TJI2KKHH pal(i!O qaTb,

mo

TO

CTe6niJI,

ceJIJIH

yrrp aBJiiHh,

JIHIIIe

Ha

faJIHl(bKOl

,cno6o):(H",

Ha

pa3i lX

iHIIIi

TaKHX

2K

CY!J:OBi

1848

JIK ,[(JIJI

rrepeBO,[(HTH IIi):():(aHHX". iHcTaHu:iOCeJii

IIi):(paxyHKaMH pp.

B

Cxi):(Hitt

CeJIJIH.

):(2Kepena:

HocH<j:>iHChKa

JIHCTyBaHHJI

,[(0

jHo-

ra3eTH.

3YMOBJIJOBaB

Kpamo1 ,[(OJii.

fyl(yJinmHHH

crrpaBH,

pi):(Hi

3a

a

F.)

CKaprH

CBOl

tt

B.

cy):(OBHMH

BJiaCTett,

rHiT

IIaHiB, -

,HeKOpHCHHX"

HOBi

rro

me

IIO):(i6-

IIpOl(eCH,

(ceJIJIH

BHKOHaHHJI

BTeq

Ta

IIpHKJia,[(H

MiCl(JI.

1811

o <j:>iu:ittHi

Ha

l(HX MaTH

HapocTana

CBaBiJIJIJI

3aJIHIIIaJIH

BHIIa):(KiB

IIOIIIyKaX

To6To

iHIIIi

BHpiiiiyBaJIHCJI

COl(iaJibHO-eKOHOMiqHHH

CeJIJIHH

Y

aBCTpiHChKHX

y

1803

B

-

ane

BHpa2KaJiacJI".

BHpiiiiyBaJIH

pi3HoMaHiTHi,

ToroqacHi

ryl(yJiiB

tt

BHKJIHKaJIH

3

JIK

BeJIHqe3HOl ,[(aHHHH

Cy):(H

B

Hapo):(y,

IIpHKJia,[(H

Bi):(6yBa!OTbCJI

CeJIJIHH

13.919

cBi):(qaTh

KOpeCIIOH,[(eHl(il

p030peHHX

Mon,[(aBiJO

THM

OIIOBi-

rpoMa):(H

3aMiCTb

II e pe C eJIJIJIH CJI

faJIHqHHi

BTeqi

i

lX

cKaprH

Ha cBoro

CKaprH

nyK".

MeMopiaJiaX

ypHBKaX

Te,

,3a6e3rreqeHHJI 1x

3):(e6iJihiiioro

icTopHKa

IIpo

pp.

mo!J:O

CTapaJIHCJI

,[(OMiHitt,

a6 0

1825

lcTo-

M02KHa

BORa

i

p.

HHX

3eMJieBJiaCHHKiB.

BOHH

KOpHCTb

Bi):(

rrpo

TaK,

xoq

rrpaBa.

CrreKTa cKap2KaThCJI

HaBO,[(JITbCJI

CeJIJIHChKi

niciB

KOpHCTb

,):(06poBiJihHi"

Ha

1815,

BHMOrH

rpyHTiB,

BHpOKiB

HOBi

1814,

po3rJIJI,[(a!OTbCJI

rroci):(aHHi

JIMH

Y

IIaHmHHH.

i

JICKpaBi

fyu:ynnmHHH. i

ITO

IIIJIJIXTH

<j:>opMaX

HaBO,[(HTb

y

ceJIJIHChKi

TiJihKH

ceJIJIH

JIKHX

KoHJITHH

JIKHH ,[(OMaraBCJI

Bi):(po6iTKY

JIKHX

B

cBo1

CeJIJIH,

6opoTn6y

apxiBaX

rroqyTTJI

TBOpax

5!6noHHU:JI,

IIHcaHi

l(e

3a

3aiiHCyBaB

i

36iJihiiiY€Tb-

niTOIIHCl(JI.

6opOTb6H

p03KpHTe.

i

ceJIJIH

cBoro

cTpa2K):(aHHJI

He

KJiacoBi

CBOlX

He

rraHa.

IIpHBaTHHX

EyKoBHHChKOl

cin ,IJ:oBrorriJIJIJI,

,[(0

me

CBi):(OMiCTb

y

HiXTO

Ha

rrpo

y

MaB

CBi):(qeHHJIM

cKapra

6araTJOme

He

Hattpi3HOMaHiTHi-

Ill,opa3 CKaprH

6opoTb6H

,Hapo):(

IIHCaHHM

,[(0

3eMJieBJiaCHHKiB. <j:>opMa

rrHcaB: i

B,[(a!OTbCJI

IIpHrH06JIJOBaqiB.

Ha

MacoBa

CTpa2K,[(aHb

6a2KaHh

fyl(yJinmHHH

IIpOTH

fepacHMeHKO

KHHrax.

,[(aHb

MaCH

OIIOpy

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

rOJIOBHHM

EyKoBHHChKY

IIOCTiHHY

Mir-

)l:oKyMeHTH qHHOM

CBi):(-

TiKaJIH

fyu:ynnmHHY

i

B

TaM


ImocmpoeaHa OCi.[(aJIII.

icmopi51

TaK,

B

IlpuKapnammR.

1774

p.

IIpii

ToM

OIIIICi

195

3

IIOBIIHHOCTett

KyTCbKOl .[(OMiHil

rrepeniqeHi ceJIJIHII, mo ,rriiiiJIII B Mon.[(aBiiD" i3 cin TID.IJ:iB, BeJIIIKIItt Po2KeH,

,IJ:oBrorriJIJIJI.

Ilpii

CKJia.[(aHHi

PychKO- KIIMII OJIYH3hKOro EyKoBIIHII

OKpyry,

IlyTIIJiiB,

rrpoToKony

KY.IJ:II

Po3TOKII,

,BIIcTyrry

BXO.[(IIJIII

ceJia

,IJ:oBrorriJIJIJI,

rpoMa.IJ:"

fyu;yJihChKOl

3a3HaqeHo,

mo

u;i

HaCeJieHi IIYHKTII 3aCeJIJIIOTb ,6iJihiiiiCTb ripCbKIIX IIi.[(.[(aHIIX, JIKi IIpiiHIIIJIII 3

faniiqiiHII",

qifHII

Ha

To6To

3

faJIIIl(hKOl

EyKoBIIHChKY

fyu;ynhll(IIHII.

fyu;ynhll(IIHY

Ha6yBaJIII

BTeqi

ceJIJIH

3 fanii-

MacoBoro xapaKTepy i

He BIIIIa.[(KOBO IIOJIOBIIHY HaCeJieHHJI CiJI PychKO-)J:OBrOIIiJihCbKOrO OKpyry B

40-x

poKax

ypJI.[(OBOl

XIX

KOMicil

cT.

cTaHOBIIJIII

l(hOrO

OKpyry

BTiKaqi.

17

rpy.[(HJI

fpoMa.IJ:ChKi

1843

,IIIO.IJ:O 36iJihiiieHHJI HaCeJieHHJI, TO 3aJIBJIJI€MO, JieHHJI .[(BOX

(PychKO-)J:OBrOIIiJihCbKOrO

qacTIIH,

a

qacTIIHa

caMe:

u;e

Ti,

O.IJ:Ha

mo

3

rrepeBa2KHO

KepiBHIIK ceJIJIHChKoro pyxy Ha

.[(eneraTII

CTBep.[(2KyBaJIII:

II(O TerrepiiiiH€ Hace-

f.

OKpyry

qaciiHa

p.

B.)

rrepiiiiiX

rrpiittiiiJIII

EyKoBIIHChKitt

CKJia.[(a€TbCJI

MeiiiKaHu;iB, 3

3

.IJ:pyra

faniiqiiHII".

CaM

fyu;yJihll(IIHi B 1843 p.

Ha .[(OIIIITi rOBOpiiB: ,HaceJieHHJI PychKO-KIIMIIOJIYH3hKOl OKpyrii 3pOCTaJIO 3 poKy B piK He JIIIIIIe piB,

a TaK02K

.[(~Ifqi

qepe3

XJii6.

HaCTiJihKII,

MII

BCi

3apa3 HeMa€ 2KO.[(HOl pi3HIII(i

CeJIJIH

i

Mi2K CeJIJIHaMII,

PeKpyTqiiHa <j:>aKTOpOM

MaCOBi

Ha JIKIIX

Qi IIO.[(aTKII i IIOIIepe.[(Hi BOHII

Terrep

3iHIIIJIII

Mi2K .[(aBHiMII

IIpii6yJIII

rrepiiiiiX rocrro.[(a-

3 faJIIfqlfHII,

Ha

2Ke6pal(bKIIH

Hall(a.[(KaMII BiJihHIIX

CIO.[(II".

BTeqi

OIIpiiiiiKiBCbKOrO

ryl(yJiiB

pyxy

B

6yna

rrepiO.[(

Ba2KJIIIBIIM

aBCTpiHCbKOrO

IOHaKII, yxiiJIJI!Oqiich Bi.IJ: u;ie1 rroBIIHHOCTi, TiKaJIII B ropii,

IIOIIOBHIO!Oqlf

Mirpau;iJI

3arOHII

raJIIIl(hKIIX

yTIICKaMII

IleTpo

JIKi

aKTIIBi3yBaJia

p03BIITKY

rraHyBaHHJI. JiiCII,

c.

II(O

Hama.IJ:KiB

6araTbOX CeJIJIH

HaKJia.[(aJIII crreu;iaJihHi IIO.[(aTKII.

36iJihiiiiiJIII

K02K

3a paxyHoK

IIpii6yTTJI

3

EpycTypii,

.[(e

rrorpo2KyBaJIII

ryu;yniB

6oKy

CTyrrHIIl(hKIItt

3HaqHo!O

u;epKOBHIIX

HaBO.IJ:IITh

ceJIJIHII

rrorry

OIIpiiiiiKiB.

rriTII

TaKIItt

qepe3

Mipo!O

rracTIIpiB.

Ba2KKi

3YMOBJIIOBanacb Ta-

XpoHicT

xapaKTepHIItt po6oTII

B 6yKoBIIHChKe

ceno

Ha

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

<j:>aKT

3

icTopil

Micu;eBitt

u;epKBi

IlyTIIJia

,Ha cno6o.[(y":

,IJapa<j:>iJIHe u;erny KOHbMII BepXOBO CIIpOBa.[(2KyBaJIII, ITO 20 u;eroJI Ha O.[(HOM

KOHi

rrapa<j:>iJIHII, cBo6o.[(y". ceJIJIHII

3

IJiCTIIHi,

B2Ke B

BCi

TJI2KKO lM

JIIIIIIYTh

6araThOX

cenax

IIpiiXO.[(IIJIO.

EpycTypii faniiqiiHII,

rrepexo.[(IIJIII .IJ:O aKTIIBHiiiiiiX

<j:>opM

0.[(HOrO

IIOH.IJ:YTh .[(0 EyKoBIIHII

pa3y

Ka3aJIII

IlyTIIJIOBa

Ha

3aKaprraTTJI

<j:>eo.[(aJibHoro orropy -

.IJ:O


196

BoJtoiJuMup

36poilHIIX

3aBopyiiieHh.

3a

(IIO.[(aqa

HY

CeJIJIH.

b

eTaiiii.

llepiiiiiH

IIOBCTaHHJI

IIO.[(iJIJIJiaCJI

Ha

HaciiqeHIIH rrpiirra.[(ae

6ypXJIIIBIIMII Ha

rrepiiioro

cT.

ceJIJIH

6yna

BJia.[(a

CKapr)

pp.

JICKpaBoro

I1pii6JIII3HO BIIHChKiH

B

l(eH

qac

BiH

CbKIIX

.[(eiiyTaTiB,

rroqaJIOCJI

CTaB

JIKi

BOCeHII

1843

p.,

3a

TYT

CBOlM

OXOIIIIB

<j:>opMa

6iJihiii

aKTIIB-

xapaKTe pOM

1843-1844 )l:pyriiH

xapaKTepy

eTaii

3aBopyiiieHHJI

KOpiicTyBaTIICJI

nicaMII,

Y

IIOMill(IIKiB.

pp.

40-X

Ha6yna

JIKi

poKaX

6opoTb6a

oKpyry.

BIICTyiia€

3aXIIII(aJIII

iHIIIY,

ceJIJIHChKoro

ceJIJIHaM

KepiBHIIKOM

rrpe.[(CTaBHIIKOM

B

IIOHeBOJieHIIX ryu;yniB.

aHTII<j:>eo.[(aJibHoro

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

poKiB

HIIX

BJiaCHiCTIO

PychKo-)l:oBrorriJihChKoro

IIIeBqeHKa,

CeJIJIH 3

IIpiiqiiHOJO

3a6opoHa

BII3HaJia

II.

rrepeHIIIJia

0 pOTb 6 a

BIICTyiiaMII

1848-1849

rrepio.[(y

aBCTpiHCbKa

XIX

.[(Ba

<l>.

cnoBaMII

KJiaCOBOl 6opOTb6II

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

CeJIJIHChKIIX

JlyK'JIH

i

iHTepeCII

22

aKTIIBHO CeJIJIH.

rpoMa.[(II

1839

.[(i€

3aXOIIIIJIII

BII3HaBaTII i

CeJIJIH

Hail 6iJihiii

Bi.[(MOBIIJIII-

IIOMill(IIl(hKY

BJia-

<j:>eo.[(aJihHi

IIO-

CTapiiiiiHY. aKTIIBHO

llJIOCKa, JIOHIIU:JI,

JiiCII

IIaHChKIIX

CaMoqiiHHO rrepeo6pa-

ciJihChKY

Cepe.[(

27

B

CeJIJIH-

,crripHi"

BIIrHaJIII

BIIKOHyBaTII

BIIHHOCTi, JIII

p.

cepe.[(

JiicHifqlfX i JiiCHIIKiB, CJI

nyKO-

3aBopyiiieHHJI

IIaCOBIIII(a,

.!l:Y

Ha

PychKO- KIIMIIOJIYH3bKOrO

OKpyry i

Y

Ko6IIJIIII(JI.

rpoMa.[(II

KOJIII

BIICTyiiiB

KoHJITIIH

IIOBCTaJIIIX

Hail6iJihiii

Ta

516-

Po3TOKII.

BII.[(iJIIIJIOCb

piiiiyqiiX

ryu;ynhChKIIX nerJIIIBO

BIICTyrra-

IIyTIIJiiB,

rpoMa.IJ:,

3aXIIII(aJIII

30

KepiBHIIKiB JIKi

Harro-

rrpaBa

ce-

JIJIH. 036poeHi pyiiiHIIU:JIMII i rric-

KepiBHUK Ha

ceJt5lHCbKOco

EyKoBuHi

B 40-x poKax XIX em.

JfyK 5m XyiJ.

noecmaHHJl

0.

Ko6uJtUU,5l.

r.

TOJieTaMII,

lM

J(aHlfeHKO

IIpOXIITII".

KOpiiCTyBaTIICJI 300

IIOBCTaJIIIX

3aJIBIIJIII,

IIOBepHeHHJI

II(O ~

B

BJiaCHiCTb JiiCiB, JIKIIMII BOHII Heo6MeXeHO Bxe

HJIJOTh

BOHII

,Xa.[(a!OTb

l(IIMII CeJIJIH

JiiCaMII,

7

KOpiiCTyBaJIIICJI,

poKiB,

6e3

3a6opOHIIJIII

JIKIIX

JIK

rraHII

BOHII

JiicHifqlfM

He

aJie

3a6opoMOXYTh

BCTyiiaTII

B


ImocmpoeaHa JiiCli,

p.

3MiHliJili

Ha

HapO.IJ:HliH

IIOCIIiiiiHO

6yno

KliJIMli

i

p.

qliB,

i

Ha

yqacTb

y

Ha

CIO.IJ:li,

<l>JIOH.IJ:Opa,

MiJK

28

Bi.IJ:

,fpoMa.n:a

HaC

Bcix

JIKi

12

BliKOpqoByBaJIO

i

Mli

HaBiTh

3.IJ:aBHa

Ti

.n:epeBa,

H

IIpOTli

rn:o

JIK

Hi

y

HOMY

3eMJIIO,

8

caMe,

KOpliCTyBaJiliCJI

i

oKpyrH,

.n:i.n:Hq

12

a

roBopliB IIaHa

MaB

poKiB

6e3MeJKHi

rn:o

BBaJKaJIH

36iJihlllliJIOCJI,

TOMY a

6

.IJ:i.IJ:liq

BOHO Heo6-

PoMaiiiKaH

poKiB TOMY AH:Bac

II(O

He

HaiiiliX

o6ropO.IJ:liJili

a

CeJIJIHliH

KOpliCTyBaJIOCJI

cyBopo, Ha

.IJ:BipHli-

IlyTliJIOBi 6yno

rocrro.n:apcTB,

JiiCaMli

BiH,

)J:MliTpa

Hiqoro,

6yJili

B

yci

p03IIO.IJ:iJieHi

Haiii

To.n:i

3HOBY

p03KpliB

6yJili He

,6yB B3JITli

rpoMa.IJ:li".

CTapiiiliM

KoJKHliH

HaCeJieHHJI

Ha.IJ:

30 JiliCTOIIa-

-

KOJiliCb

XOTiJIOCb.

TaK

Mli

i

II(06

rpy.IJ:HJI

.IJ:OIIliTi

BliKOpliCTaTli.

IIOBlipOCTaJili JIKi

2

KOJiliiiiHhOrO

O.IJ:liH

Ha

rro6a-

rOJIOCHo";

36opax

.IJ:OMiHil

JI

YTliCKiB

BliCTyrri

Ha

IIO.IJ:aTKli.

MOrJili

,KOJili

CIO.IJ:li,

IIpliHIIIOB

6yHTap"

Ili3Hiiiie

II(O

rroqaTKY

IIOKapaHO

3a6opOHliJia py6aTli

3HOBY

KOplicTyBaTHCJI nicaMH, Te

.IJ:O

CIIpaBi

3a6opoHeHHX

IIOTpi6HO.

3p06liJili

p .

Ko6H-

coni.n:apH3yBaBcJI.

B

yqacTb

Ilnocn:i TaKoJK

6yno

Kapa-

HapO.IJ:HOMY

BliCTyrry,

BliCJIOBliBCJI

IIpliHIIIOB

B

TaK,

rip.

1843

MeHi

KHMIIOJIYH3hKOl

yrHOlJIO

Heo6MeJKeHe

)J:JKyp.IJ:JKYBaH

py6aTli

B

BCiX

JiiCli,

CKiJihKli

3a6opoHHB

TaKOJK i

,6paB

i

He

y

JlyK'JIHa

CJIOBa:

KOMiCiJI

.IJ:O.IJ:OMY

3eMJIIO,

CeJIJIHli

rocrro.n:apcTB,

BJiaCHliKaMli

MeJKeHO,

JI

BCTaHOBJieHi

CBOIO

3eMJii,

KliHYJili

36po!O.

HliX i

Hapo.n: TaKi

rrpe.IJ:CTaBHliKOM

rpoMa.IJ:

Jiliiiie

BliKOpliCTOByBaB

ce6e

BJiaCTi

3.IJ:aTli

yqaCHliKiB

,.IJ:OMiHiJI

CKapJKliTbCJI

Terrep

IIpOCTOpli JIHIIIe

II(O

CeJIJIH

xoq

Ha CBO€My.

PychKO-KliMIIOJIYH3bKOl OKpyrli

ceJIJIHaMH

6paB

HliX";

,rOJIOBHliH

poKiB

JIKliH

3eMJii

p.

CTOJIJili

cepe.n:

eK3eKyn:iiD,

Ha3a.IJ:

yqacTh

1844

TBep.IJ:O

3aiii.IJ:03peHliX

3a<j:>iKCOBaHi

rrpo

IIi.IJ:CTYIIHO

JiliCTOIIa.IJ:a

.IJ:OIIliTy€...

36opax

XOTiJili

3aiii.IJ:03peHliX.

(IIOBCTaJiliX)";

rraHiB:

IIpOTJirOM

KOM ...

CeJIJIH

3eMJii,

B3JITli

rpy.IJ:HJI

3JIO.IJ:iJIHHJI -

qoJIOBiK

IIOBepHyBCJI

rn:o6

11

KiHU:JI

JKopcToKy

BCiX

Hapa.n:ax

O.n:HaK

3

BJiacTi

IIOIIa

aBCTpiHChKi

BCiX

BO€BO.IJ:li )J:yKli

3aBopyiiieHHJI,

IIOBCTaHl(iB

KiJihKaCOT

IIpli€.IJ:HaBCJI .IJ:O

MOlH

IIpliCYTHiM

.IJ:a.

JI

ryn:yniB

KepiBHliKiB,

IIOKapaHHJIM

MiCl(eBliX

TO

.n:epeBa

Ha

rrepe.IJ:

II(O

HliMli,

238

CeJIJIHli

apeiiiTli

yB'JI3HeHO

pi3KaMli

raJilil(bKOrO

IIpliMYCliJili

ceJIJIHChKliX

H e3BaJKa!Oqli .IJ:OIIliTaX

JIKi

3aapeiiiTOBaHO.

1844

6epe3HJI

yTHXOMlipliTli

0.IJ:HaK

IIpOBO.IJ:liJili

EinhiiiiCTh

JIHU:ID,

pyx.

197

3

rrepeKJia.IJ:eHOl rpaMOTli"

IIOBCTaHHJI

COJI.IJ:aTiB,

ToM

JIKOCh

qepe3

IIpli.IJ:YIIIeHHJI

pyci.

,KOIIi!O

MaH.IJ:aTopa

pOTli

TeJii

Ha

HaMaraiDqlich

IIOIIepe.IJ:liTli

Tpli

IlpuKapnammR.

IIOCliJia!OqliCb

1694

Bi.IJ:

icmopi5l

Ma€MO

3py6ax,

TliHOM.

rrpaB

JIKliMli Micl(eBi


BoJtoiJuMup

198 ceJIJIHII

rrnaTIIJIII

BOJIO):(iHHi CeJIJIHII

He

):(i!J:IIqi Ha

paHiiiie

Hall(a,[(KII

BIIMaraJOTh 3

KpiM

BJiaCHIIKiB Ha):(MipHi

3eMeJibHOrO

Ma€TKY, IIaHChKi

OBel(b,

rOBOpiiB

TaK02K

rrpa):(i):(II

!J:OIIIITax

Haiiiy

BJiaCHiCTb

,[(OKa3II

Ha

,)J:aHIIHa

O!J:HY

HaiiiOl

BiBl(IO.

,[(aHIIHY,

a

ryu;yniB,

lXH€

KpOB

MaHHO

B

l(i

B2Ke

5

ll

B

crrpaBe):(JIIIBi 6yJIII

JlyK' JIHa

CIIpJIMyBaHHJI

II(a,

3aXIIII(aB

3BIIHyBaqyBaB

BIIHHOCTeH Bip'JI rrorriB.

i

Ocb

,[(OMiHiaJihHi

3aCy):(2KyBaB

ronoc

y

BJiaCHiCTb

mo

me

BiJihHO

Haiiii

BIIKOp-

CaMe

l(IO

rrpaB,[(IIBe,

6y):(yTh

BIIJIBJieHi".

,[(aHIIHY

2

MII

HaM

crroqaTKY

3

a6o

3JIOTIIX

IIJiaTIITII

3a

3a l(IO

3aapeiiiTOBaHIIX

IIOKapaHi

KIIJIMII

TaK 6IIJIII,

II(O

i

pi3KaMII,

KOJIO JiaBKII

oqeBII):(l(i

l(iel

2KOp-

Tpare):(il. qiTKO

rrpocTe2KyEThCJI

KepiBHIIKa

CeJIJIHCbKOrO

ryu;yniB,

BJiaCTi

36iJihiiieHHi IIaHChKIIX

JlyK'JIHa

Ta-

CBi):(qeHHJI

ITO

3aCBi):(qyBaJIII

6yKOBIIHChKIIX

rrepe):(yCiM

IIaHaM,

cBi):(qeHHJI

2KOpCTOKO

Ko6IIJIIIU:i CaM oro

, Haiiiy

i

a

,[(OCTOBip-

,[(aHIIHy".

,niiJIII JIJO,[(eH,

Y

Bi):(KpiiTO

ll,10

IIJiaTy

rrepecTaJIII

XJieiiTaJIII",

pyChKO-KIIMIIOJIYH3bKOl

HIIU:hKe

JIK

3a

pyxy, lX

KOpiiCTyBaJIIICb.

poKiB.

TO

a

Mipy".

BOHII,

ll,e

60

BBiHIIIJIO

IIOBIIHHiCTh,

rrepeBipJIJIII

IIaHII.

o6oB'JI3KOBY

CTOKOl

BIICJIOBax

ll,10

p03CJii):(yBaHHi

38 i

poKiB,

BOHII

IICII

ce6e

,[(aJihiiiiM

rrorpa6oBaHe.

JIIO,[(ChKY

,[(JIJI

BOJii

Ha

IIi3Hiiiie

MiCl(eBOCTi

HIIMII

Ta

,)J:aHIIHa

HecrrpaBe,[(JIIIBOIO,

Ko6IIJIIII(i.

JiiCIICTi

6iJihiiie

3JIOB2KIIBaHHJI

ryu;yniB.

IIOHa,[(

rOBOpiiJIII

TO

IIJiaTIITII

60

ceJIJIHChKoro

JIKi

CBi):(qeHHJI

):(y2Ke

icHy€

BCi

yqacHIIKiB

HaKJiaJIII

HecrrpaBe,[(JIIIBi

JIIIIIIe

HaC

ane

BCi

IIJieqi €

Xoq

1/30,

MYCIITb

Terrep

iHIIIi

Ha

Ha

,[(eJieraTiB,

):(06pol

rrepeTBOpiiJIII

rrpo

BIIaJIII ryu;yniB,

IIpOCTOpii,

IIpii

B2Ke

He3Ba2KaJOqii MaHIIX

3ra,[(aB

TIIM,

BIIMaraJOTb

BiBl(JIMII

i3

,[(aBaJIII

HIIX

IJepeqiiCJIIIBIIIII

JIKi

iHIIIIIX

MII

l(e

3

U:hOMY

IIJiaTIIJIII

1/30,

JIIIIIIe

Ha

OCeJIIIJIIICJI.

paHiiiie

rroqaTKY,

HaKJia,[(eHO

IIi):(TBep):(IIJIII

JiiCOBi

He

TaM

l(JI ,[(aHIIHa CTaJia IIOBIIHHiCTIO.

rrepeceJIIIJIIICJI l(iJii

i

JIKi

,[(aHIIHY ):(06poBiJihHO,

rpoMa,[(ChKIIX

,[(OBO,[(IIMO

qoByBaJIII

a

Ha

IIOBHiCTIO

JiiCII

IIO,[(aTKy".

IIO,[(aTKII,

CBi):(qeHHJI

HiCTh, Ha

3apa3

3eMeJihHi

Bi):(IIOBi):(i K02K

a

Ha

3aXIICHIIK

l(IO

3a

K02KHIIH

6yna

rro,[(aTKII...

XaTII

ceJIJIH

II(O

Ko6IIJIIII(JI

crroqaTKY ,[(aBaJIII 3BifqaH:,

Bcix

IIOBIIHHOCTi,

Bi):(

B

3eMeJib,

Bi!J:

JIKa

3eMeJihHi

36y):(yBaJIII

CTiJihKII,

1/30,

MII l(e

CBOlX

Terrep

HIIX

):(aHIIHII

3JIOTIIX,

He3HaqHi

CeJIJIH

36iJihiiiiiJIII

K02KHOrO

3aMiCTh

l(IIX

Fpu 6oeeu, bKU i1

B

lX

rrpaBa

rropyiiieHHi

IIaHII(IIHII,

IIpii6iqHIIKiB,

Ko6IIJIIIu;i:

Ha

,MII

u;noro

aHTIIKpirrocOIIOpy,

JiiCII,

JIKIIH

IIaCOBII-

<j:>eo,[(aJibHIIX

BIICJIOBJIJOBaB 30KpeMa

i

MaH):(aTopa

IIO-

He,[(O-

CiJihCKIIX rrpo2Ke-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

HeMO

3Bi.[(yciJih

KII";

,J!K6II

.[(Opory, Ma.[(II MII

.[(pJOqKaMII";

BII

ITO JIKiH

CKeJIJI,

a

rrpoTiKae

CJiy2K60JO HOJO"; MII

6yJIII MII

ToM

ripChKi

HaiiiiiM

6inJI

JIK

M02KeTe

cKeni.

BII6IIpaTII

He3a.[(OBOJieHi,

6

po36iHHII-

HaM

BBa2KaTII

BKa3aJIII

a

TaKIIX,

3

CKeJIJI

BiHTiB

He

-

l(e

CB0€10

BO.[(a,

YPJI.IJ:OBOJO HeiiOXIIT-

JIKIIIO

H.IJ:YTh

,fpo-

CIIJihHII-

JIIIIIIIITbCJI

rpoMa.[(,

JIKi

ce6e

ypJI.[(OBIJj

pa3oM

BO.[(a,

HOBIIX

BII6IIpaH:Te

BII

Ta KpaHOBi

BoHII

IIpOTiKa€

TO

CaMi

HaiiiOl CIIpaBe.[(JIIIBOCTi";

IIOBIIHHi

.[(OMiHiaJihHi

u;i€1

IIOTeqyTh,

,BII

i

, TO

.IJ:YXiBHIIKOM,

M02KeMO .[(06IITIICb

.[(i.[(Ifqi

199

3

CTpiJibiJj

PychKO-KIIMIIOJIYH3bKOl OKpyrii

JIK

IIIO

IlpuKapnammR.

BII

pyKa

Baiiiii-

B

pyKy

3

rraHaMII". EyKoBIIHChKi BaJIII 1M

ryu;ynii

Bi.[(CTOJOBaTII

.IJ:OIIOMaraJIII

:1Ka6'e,

CBOl

Bi.[(

6paJIII

ycTepil(hKIIH

CeHHJI

ceJIJIHChKe

rrae

.IJ:pyriiH:

B

1848

CKJia.[(OBOJO JIJOTII3MY

i

qacTIIHOJO

KpiiiOCHIIl(TBa Micu;e

Hi.

rrepiiiiiMII

3

rri, .IJ:O JlbBOBa cJI

IIIeHHJI

rraHiB.

faJIIfqiiHi .!l:Y

lEaH

CeJIJIH, IIi.[(

IIIe

TIIM

cenax

25 ypJI.[(

rriiiioB

6yB

BII60pii BiciM

6iJihiiie

.[(0

MaCOBIIH

Bi.IJ:

i

OIIpiiiiiKiB.

peBOJIJOl(iHHOrO

CeJIJIHChKIIH

1848-1849

IIIO

rrpo

YPJI.IJ:OM

IIIO

y

B

cenax

IIi.[(He-

JIIIIIIe

B

BcTy-

H

rrociirraJIIICJI

rrorpo3II

Ha

TIICKOM

BII.[(aTII B

TOMY

apeiiiTY

pe3yJihTaTi qifcJii

Bi.IJ:

JlyK'JIHa

JIKIIX

JIKIIH

IIOciB

nyKOBII-

BIICTYIIII

B

€Bp0-

rroJIBIIJIII-

rOBOpliTb

rrpo

He

p.

3

a

l(hOrO

B

IIpiiBO-

rrepeKOHaTII

BOHII,

IJo

3HII-

rraHIIIIIHII

MOrJIII

.[(aJii.

2KIIByqii

6yKOBIIHChKIIX

rraHiB".

peBOJIJOl(iHHIIX

KOHCTIITyl(iJO.

a6co-

EyKoBIIHII

faJIIfqiiHi,

TeprriTII

IIi.[(

pyx,

CeJIJIHCTBa.

,HiJIKi .[(OKa3II

rrpoTII

IliBHiqHiH

1848

KBiTHi

MYCJITb

p.

Ha

Bi.[(KpiiTO

6po.[(iHHJI

IIIO

pp.

peBOJIJOl(iHHi

CeJIJIHII

CKaCOBaHa

peHXCTary,

3BiJihHeHoro

CTaB

IIOCIIJIIIJIO

3MyiiieHIIH

y

CeJIJIH

2KOp-

CIIJI

3BiCTKaMII

u;icapeM,

roMiH,

.[(erryTaTiB,

ce-

30KpeMa,

rrporpeciiBHIIX

3ayBa2KIIB,

1848

IIpii.IJ:YIIIeHHi

i,

6opoTb6II

cepe.[( IIO.[(iH

IIaHIIIIIHa

KBiTHJI

cin rro-

fyu;yJihiiiiiHi

CKacyBaHHJI

CaMIIM

3

EyKoBIIHChKiH:

ariTaTOpii,

<l>paHKO IIIO

l(bOMY

Ha

Ha.IJ:iHIIIJIII .IJ:OHeceHHJI,

He6e3rreqHi

B

6yKoBIIHChKi

Y

BJiaCTi KaT

IIIO

eTarr.

l(eHTpaJibHe Pa30M

TiKaJIII

IIi.[( BIIJIIIBOM

rrpo.IJ:OB2KY-

rrepeBa2KHO

BJiaCTeH.

fepJiiqKa, i

XapaKTepHO,

CJO.IJ:II

raJIIIl(hKi

piK,

peaKu;il

KociBIIIIIHII,

.[(OMiHiaJibHIIX yqacTb

3aBopyiiieHHJI

cBiH:

3

fopiiiiHiH:.

MaH.[(aTOp

HacTaB IIaM'JITHIIH

2KopcToKo1

rrpaBa.

ryu;ynii

J!ceHiB

pyxy

u;ie1

IIOTOIITaHi

rrepecJii.[(yBaHb

JIJIHCbKOrO CTOKIIH

rrepio.IJ:

raJIIIU:hKi

YcTepiKII,

BCTani

B

Y

Bi.[(

IIO.[(iH

aBCTpiHChKIIH

qepBHi

IIpOBO.[(IIJIIICb

nyKOBIIHII

6yno

o6paHO

EyKoBIIHChKOl fyu;yJihiiiiiHII Ko6IIJIIII(JO.

,J!K

6aqiiMO,

IIIOHHO B

po3y-


200

BoJtoiJuMup

MiHHi qlf

ryu;yrriB

BII6ip

ITJieHiTOTeHTa,

MattJKe

6e3ITOCepe,IJ:HhO

BIIHecrra

Ko6IIJIIIU:IO

MiCJil(JIMII

RK

ITeBHO

,IJ:eiTyTaT

po6oTi 3

6e3

ITi,IJ:TpiiMY€

arpapHOl

CeJIJIHaMII,

1.

3Hyll(aHHJI

MII

i

KaHqyKII, BOHII

BIIITa,IJ:KOBO

u:ett

CbKOrO HOM

y

Bi!l:Hi,

ITOBCTaHHJI,

!l:YMKII

,IJ:eiTyTaTa,

II(O

BiHCbKOM

i

ITpii

ITi,IJ:

JI

KII,IJ:aHIIMII

Ta

CTOJIB

3a

p03JIIIBaJIIICJI, Me Hi

pyKy

Horo

Ha

qyB,

Ha Ha

OCJIJIHe

KpiiBaBIIM

)l;IIBHIIH

OrOHh,

a

rriiu;e

B

,IJ:e

lX

acTpOHOMiqHOl

OrrrJI,IJ:aiOch, B

ycTaX

paMu;i

a

ITOJKeJKi, 6yB

3a

!l:OBroro

ycMiX.

B

ttoro

5I

B

ITOJib-

KJIJIKaJIII

oqax

,51Ki

ITepe,IJ:

xrreiTTarrii cu;eHy.

II(O

pi3HIIX

3aiTIITaB

JKOB-

ryu;yJihCbKOrO

ITCH

BO)l;IIB

qacTJIX

B

MiCTa

ITOKJiaB

Ko6IIJIIII(JI.

BorroccJI

MepKOTiB ttoro,

1x

,Pa3

rrycKaJIII

3JierKa

CTOlTh

ITrreqett

lEa-

ITIIIIIe:

JIKY

XTOCb

MHOIO !l:O

3 ,IJ:eJIKIIMII

o6cepBaTopil

XBIIJii

He

ra3eTi".

ciTpaBIIJIII

paKeTaMII,

II(O

Tit!:

0 Cb

TiJIO

faJIIfqlfHII

o6pa3HO

ciqeHO,

l(i

naTOrii

yqacHIIKOM

ryu;yrrii

OITOBi,IJ:aB

3a

Hi!

PettHChKitt

,IJ:iJiqeM

u:e

ITYTIIJiiBChKi

B

3

Ha,IJ:

BCi

BIIKYITOM".

KOJIIIIIIHhOrO

ITOTiM

3a

CITpal(bOBaHe

BpaJKeHHJI

!l:YIIIi

CeJIJIHaMII

,1 -

3

ITpoeKTY

ITaHiB

3HattoMIIThCJI

ITpo

ITOJKeJKaMII,

BIIKYITY

6yTII

30KpeMa,

JIK

03epa.

ITarrKo

3Hyll(aHb

, HoB itt

6oM6aMII,

6JIIICKOM Ha

Ma€

BeJKi

KpiiBaBi

ITrreqe.

ITO!l:OBracTe

Hallie

MiCTO

BeJIIIqe3HIIMII MOB

i

cyciTiJihHIIM

qacTO

ITi3Hiiiie

BeqepOM

ITOBiTpi,

Cl(eHaX

3aCi,IJ:aHHJI

,IJ:yMaiO

l(e

<l>paHKO

Ha

o6roBopeHHi

5I

Ko6IIJIIIU:JI

cKacyBaHHJI

crryxa€

ITpOMOBy:

BIIKyiT.

y

3a

y

BIIMOrii,

,IJ:eiTyTaTa-CeJIJIHIIHa

ITpOTII

CBOIO

yqacTh

Ta

,IJ:OITYCK BiH

ITPII

Berriiqe3He

lEaH

JiaBKaMII,

oqiiMa

poKy

KiJihKOMa

aKTIIBHY

KapTIIHY

rOJIOBII

JlyK'JIH

TIIX

6aqiiMO,

ITepe,IJ:

cKaprii

ITpO

BIICTYITIIB

ITJiaTIITII

Hhoro

a6o

<l>e,IJ:OpOBifq

3a

JIKIItt

,IJ:eMOKpaTaMII,

Ha

,IJ:eiTyTaTa

5J:K

6ypXJIIIBOrO

rorrocy€

peHXCTa3i

Ha,IJ:pyKoBaHIItt

Bi,IJ:Hi.

6aqiiB

JIK

B

ITporpeCIIBHIIM

6o1 y

6y,IJ:IIJIIICJI

KpOB?"

6yB

ITOJibChKIIMII

BYJIIIqHi

!l:YMKY

3aKiHqlfB

Haiiii

6epe

cerrJIHChKi

3a,IJ:OBOJibHIITIICJI

<l>e,IJ:opoBIIqeM.

THeBi

TaK

TeiTep

BIICTYIT

Ilepe6yBaiOqii BII,IJ:aTHIIMII

Bi!l:Hi

Po3KpiiBIIIII

o6BIIBaJIII

MYCJITb

BII6ip

)l;OCi.

BiH

Yropll(IIHII.

KaiTyll(aKa,

KaTeropiiqHo

Ma€MO

JIKe

EyKoBIIHII

ITpOMOBY

KaiTyll(aK

JIKi

i

ITi,IJ:TpiiMY€

ITOBIIHHOCTett.

caM tt

XBIIJIJI

ITpo

y

peBorriOu;ittHo1

peBOJIIOl(il

6yB

TIOpMII

po3rJIJI!l:

farriiqiiHII

IBaHa

TO

BII6paTII

,IJ:yMaTII".

Ha

CJiaBH03BiCHY

<j:>eo,IJ:aJibHIIX

i

BIIKYITY,

Eoropo,IJ:qaHII(IIHII

3

Ko6IIJIIIU:JI

3

-

6yrro

BIIXO,IJ:i

ITO,IJ:a€

,IJ:erreraTiB

cettM lX

cTaHOBIIII(e,

JlyK'JIH

KpiiTOCHIIl(TBa pettxcTary

ITO

CMiB

,IJ:eiTyTaTaMII

Ha

BiJihHO

Ha

He

pettxcTary,

pa3oM

l(IIM

ITocrra

JIKIIX

Fpa6oeeU,bJWCi

II(O

6yrro

JIKIIHCb BiH

TYT


ImocmpoeaHa po6IITh pa3

i

icmopi5l

qlf

He

ycMiXHYBCJI

-

A

,)1

IIIO,

He

CTpaiiiHO i,

niBChKi

rrpo

3

cTo

i

Xy.[(o6y

Ta

rroBepHeHHJIM

ChKIIH

CeJia

OKpyrii.

ll,e

BJiaCTeH

IJpOTII

-

6yJIII

Hac".

Ko6IIJIIIU:JI

3pOCTa!OTh,

BiH

YpoqiicTIIMII Me.[(aJIJIJO

.IJ:iJIIITII

6ynii

rrpo

ryKOM

ITO

.[(aB MeHi H:

Bi.IJ:HJI

CIIJIOIO.

Ko6IIJIIIU:JO

Ta

IIOHa.[(

Ta

B3JIJIII

CTpax

i

3

CeJiaX:

qepeMOIIIeM,

BIIMara-

peHXCTary.

CIIJihHIIH

orrip

OIIIICY€

.[(aJii

I.

JIKIIH

KepiBHIIKa.

<l>paHKO

, IJpo

cinh.[(e.[(aJii

IIpOMOBaMII.

H:oro Ha3IIBaJIII lEaH

3YCTpiqaB

IIIIIIIe

IIpOl2K.[(2Ka€

Ko6IIJIIIl(eJO,

, ... HapO.[(

OcBiU:iHChKIIH y ,IJ:oBrorroni.

3

IIaJIKIIMII

IIiCTOJieTiB". -

3BaHIIX

rrepeo6IIpaTII

BIIJIIIBOBoro

IIIIIpiiJIIICJI nereH.IJ:II,

BIICTpiJiaMII

JIKi

H:oro

oci6,

ripChKi

rrorrynJipHiCTh

JlyK'JIHOM

JIK

TaK

CTpiJihl(iB

HaKa3ye

CeJIJIHaMII

0Cb

3ariH

3

KOHTpOJib

3YCTpiJIII

aBTOpiiTeT

3

rpoMa.[(

Ko6IIJIIIl(e!O.

ceJIJIH

ceJIJIH

Ha

IIpiiCJIY2KHIIKiB,

BiHTiB

IIi.[(

JIKi

OXOIIIIJIO

rrepeKIIHYJIOCJI

lXHiX

ycyHeHHJI

BiHCbKa,

Bpa2KeHHJI

l(apeM".

cBoi:x

CeJIJIH CiHO,

cepe.[( IIOMiiiiiiKiB,

JlyK'JIHOM

ceJIJIH

CKJia.[(aB

y

IIpiirH06JIJO€

IlOBCTaHHJI

OKpyry

rrepeHIIIOB

rrepe.[(

JlyK'-

Ha fyu:ynhiiiiiHY ceJIJIH-

IIOBCTaJIIIX

H oro

rryTII-

.IJ:i.IJ:IIqa

CeJIJIHII

3aXOIIJIIO€ y

IIOMiiiiiiKiB

oxopoHoJO

nicii.

ryl(yJihChKIIX

.[(3BOHiB

CeJiaMII

rri.IJ:

3YCTpiqi

,ryl(yJihChKIIM

Ko6IIJIIIl(i

i3

Ko6IIJIIIl(i,

3

cnyrii

lX

i3

cTaHOBII-

IIIKO.[(II.

3arOHII

CKJIIIKae

BIICTyiia€,

.[(erryTaTa

fyu:ynhiiiiiHi

qoJii

3B'JI3KiB

.[(erryTaTe

JIK

HOBIIX

IIaHiqHifll

.IJ:YMU:i,

rriicaJIII

Bi.IJ:Hi,

o6IIpa!OTb

HarrpaBJieHi Ha

fyu:ynhiiiiiHII, BiH:TiB,

Ha 6iK

-

rraHe

IIOKa3yBaJIII,

6iJihiiiOIO

036pO€Hi

IIOKapaHHJI

ryl(yJiiB

JlyK'JIH cenaMII

IIIe

Ha

TJI2KKe

Te6e,

rrpiirHiqyJOTh

Ko6IIJIIIU:i

3

rropiiBaB

y

iHIIIOl

IIOJIOHIIHII,

BIIKJIIIKaJIO

CeJIJIH

IIOBCTaJIIIX

JIIIl(i

Bi.IJ:eHh,

3po6IIJIII?"

HhOro

rrpo

rrepe6yBaeiii

BIIraHJIIOTb

.[(OBip'JI.

JIII

Bi.[(

i

CTpiJihl(iB.

.[(OpOrii.

KoM",

JlyK'JIHa

CeJIJIHII

MaJIII lXH€

ripCbKIIX

ChKIIX

3aB.[(a€

IIIe

po6oTy".

He

H:oMy

PychKO-)l:OBrOIIiJihChKOrO

3aXOIIJIIOIOTb JiiCII JIKi

ripiiie

B

H:oro

Ko6IIJIIIU:JI

y

Ko6IIJIIIl(JI

ropax

,IloBi.IJ:OMJIJIEMO

TII

Bee?

IIIO

rrpo

po3rroBi.[(aJIII

IIpiiKJia.[(aX

pyx po3rOpTa€TbCJI

ripChKi

iHIIIi

3

pa3iB

KOHKpeTHIIX

-

3a6opOHJI€ KOpiiCTyBaTIICJI IIaCOBIIIIIaMII,

36i2K2KJI

BCi

y

Ha

JIK

ce

HaiiiiiX

rroqyB

.[(erryTaTy

qacy,

B

<l>e.[(OpOBifq,

rraHiB.

CBOEMY

Ha

MOBIIB:

TaKe

JlyK'JIH JIKi

201

3

.[(IIBIITIICJI

KOJIII

Bi.IJ:Hi,

Taro

PoMaiiiKaHa JIIICTaX

3

y

yTIICKII

ceJIJIHII

IIIO

IIaH,

.[(O.[(aB

O.IJ:HoceJibqaHaMII,

JIJO.IJ:Y,

JIHe,

-

ToM

pyKOIO,

MII

rri3Hiiiie,

Ilepe6yBaJOqii

IIIe

JIK6II

3p03yMiB, a2K

HOMY

MaXHYBIIIII

rraHl(JO,

3po3yMiB

CBOlMII

IlpuKapnammR.

H:oro

cell:

Ha Moe IIIITaHHJI,

,6aThIIOl3.[(KII

CBJITQqHo,

o6'l3.[(

<l>paHKO,

3

ITo

Ko6IIOIIOBi-

qlf 6aqiiB BiH


202

BoJtoiJuMup

CaM

Ko6IIJIIIl(IO,

Bi,[(IIOBiB:

rreperrepe3aHIIH, BO,[(HO

3

i

ypJI,[(

6

BIIMOry

,[(erryTaTiB U:IO

i

copaTHIIKa

1849

HaBecHi 3

me

p.

Bi,[(MOBIIJIIICJI

, Ha

rro6oiOBaHHJI

ypJIJ(y".

1849

BIICTYIIII

BecHOIO

EyKoBIIHi

Bi,[(HOBIIJIIICJI.

BeKc,

1849

ll

KYMIIpoM

o36po€HIIMII

qepe3

TpiiBory.

BIIKJIIO qeH 0

ll,JI

3

3a

Ha

qifcJia

Ko6IIJIII-

BIIHaropo,[(a

JICHIIX

TaKi II(O

6yJIII

IIOJiiTifqHifX

y

cerrJIH 3

y

Toil

,[(OHeceHHi

ryu;yrrii

lJ,eH:

Ha

BIICTYIIII,

Ha,[(i€IO

2Ke

JIK

6e3

mo,

CBJITO

Ha

KOMicap rrpoH:-

BBa2KaiOTb

rrepecrri,[(yBaHIIH

farriil(hKiH:

TeMHOl,

T06TO

EyKoBII-

IIpO,[(OB2KY€

HOBOIO

BpeiiiTi-peiiiT, pyx

xopoiiii

BiHCbKa

cTapocTi

rpoMa,[(a

,[(aJii

Bee

o36poiOBaTIICJI

CTBep,[(2KyBaB,

H

qac

OKpyrii

,[(aJIII

nyKOBIIHII

iHcypreHTiB".

BIICTYIIII

BIIMOr,

KOpiiCTyBaH-

BIIKJIIIKa€

Ko6IIJIIIl(eiO,

3aBopyiiieHHJI,

CeJIJIHChKi l(e

3a

Ko6IIJIIIU:JI

IIi,[(KpiiiJIIO€TbCJI

yropCbKIIX

HaCTpOJIMII,

fyu;yrrhll(IIHi

PychKo-)l,oBro-

ra3eTa"

,EeproMeTCbKa

cerrJIHChKIIH

CIIa,[(.

IIOMill(IIKaM

BIIrHaTII

BeKc

BIIepTiCTb

cerrJIHChKe

rpoMa,[(

3aKJIIIKaB

II(06

Ko6IIJIIIl(IO.

TOMY,

EyKoBIIHi

IIOIIepe,[(Hi, HeCBi,[(OMOl

BIIMOrii

MaCH,

3MiHIITII

6yJIII 6e3 ,[(ep-

ITO pli,[(KII.

JlyK'JIHa B

ryu;yrrii,

PychKO-KIIMIIOJIYH3hKOl

JlyK'JIHa

Ha

2KaBHi

3a6IIJIII

apeiiiTy.

PeH:HChKa

BiH:cbKaMII,

IIpii,[(yiiieHi IIeBHIIX,

Hhoro

BII3HaqeHa

16

ariTaTop

pyxy

IIIICaB:

BII3BOJIIITeJiiB,

rrpiiJ(yiiiyiOqii

IIiiiiOB

pyiiiHIIKOM

rrepelXaJIII

EyKoBIIHChKiH:

JlyK'JIHOM

KOMicap

p.

6yHTapCbKIIMII

CBOlM

6yrro

Ha

IIJiaTIITII

IIOBCTaHl(iB,

06rracHIIH

TpaBHJI

pyx

ceJIJIH

rrociJIHi

cerrJIHChKoro

HeiiOKipHOIO.

HJITi

Ko6IIJIIIl(IO

qepHiBU:JIX.

HJIM

p.

yropCbKIIX

IIpiiXi,[(

0TaK

MeToiO

CerrJIHII

cerrJIHChKIIH

3epHa,

KepiBHIIK

qifHOBHIIKiB.

6yTII

3

,HoBa

rriicarra:

11

,[(OBKorra

MIIpOHIOKa 6yrra

CIIJIOIO.

6irrhiiie

HII

6iJIIIM

YcTJI-IlyTIIJIOBa".

Ko 6IIJIIIl(IO

rracoBIIII(aMII.

rricaMII

qeKaTII

a

BiBaT!

rreperrJIKaBIIIIICh,

cerrJIHChKIIH

6irrhiiiOIO

rrirrhchKOl ,[(iJihHIIl(i

cxo,[(II.

KOHi,

3JIOTIIX.

3pocTa€

HJI

,[(O

po3IIIYKII

EIIprra

Ha

rpy)"(hOX,

a2K

JlyK' JIH a H:oro

CII,[(iB

KpiiqaT:

CTe6He

rroqarriich

H:oro

Ha

Ta

rroMill(IIKII,

JIIO TOr 0

i

1000

CTpiJIJIIOT

)l,oBrorrorre,

Micu;eBIIH

BII,[(iB!

MeHTaJihOM

IIiCTOJieT

KoHJITIIH,

lX

3

, 0,

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

CerrJIHII

3BiJihHIITII

B,[(aJIOCb

HeO,[(Hopa3oBo

,rrepiiioro

PychKO-KIIMIIOJIYH3hKOl

Bailly

BeJIIfqHiCTb

III oro

,[(erryTaTa",

JlyK'JIHa IIIICaJia

OKpyrii,

KBiTHi

, MII,

1850 ,[(O

p.

i

yB'JI3HIITII

ypJIJ(Y

3

HII2Kqerri,[(rriicaHi,

YKJiiHHO

Ko6IIJIIIl(IO, u;icapiO

B

3BepTaJIIICJI

,[(erryTaTa".

l(iJIOl

3a

CIIiHMaTII

JIKOrO

IIYTIIJiiBCbKa

IIOCJIYIIIHO MII

BII6paJIII

rpoMa,[(a

18

rrpoxaHrri,[(,[(aHi IIpOCIIMO JIK

rrep-

2KOBTHJI


ImocmpoeaHa 1850

p.

M.

6yB

HapO.[(,

Hapo.[(

-

3a6yB

H:oro

IIOeMi,

JIKa

B

HaBiTh

6opOTh6y

1851

6yKOBIIHChKIIX

H:

B

p.

11

11

JiiT

iM'JI

H:oro y

rrepeBeJIII

B'JI3HIII(i.

XIX

cepe.[(IIHII

,CaM

Hhoro

He

cni.JJ:CTBa

IIpOBO.[(OM

y

i

He

nereH.[(II,

HOrO

TaKOIO

Ko6IIJIIIU:i

JlyK'JIHa

IIiCHJIX

pi3Hi

CMiJIII

cT.

ryu;yJihChKIIH

3BeJIIIqaB

BII.[(aBaJiaCJI

20

JIK

CaMe

.JJ:O

<l>e.[(bKOBifq

HaiiiiCaHHJI

rreperriicyBaTII".

IIi.[(

qac

HOrO IIaM'JITb

HaB'JI3aBIIIII

6iJihiiie

IIoTiM IIOMep

TBopqocTi.

3BeJIIIqaB

IIOeT

IIi.D:

errorreJI

ryu;yniB

ycHiH

-

.[(oci,

qaci II(O

IIpOTII

TOpTypaM.

cnaBHa .JJ:OBrorriJihChKa

6yKOBIIHChKIIH

peBOJIJOl(iHHOIO,

203

3

6e3pe3yJihTaTHIIMII.

2KOBTHJI

<l>paHKO,

iMeHi

TaJiaHOBIITIIH

24

OCIIiBaB

I.

IIIICaB

ToM

2KopcTOKIIM

BiH

6opOTh6y

Ko6IIJIIII(i

ane

.[(e

3aKiHqiinacb

fepolqHy

y

JIIIIIIIIJIIICh

rri.[(.[(aHIIH

fyparyMopy,

TaK

IlpuKapnammR.

IIpoxaHHJI

Ko6IIJIIIU:JI y

icmopi5l

a

IIaM'JITb

CMiJIIIBOIO

He

TO

H

.[(pyKyBaTII,

Ha.[(IIxano

Hapo.JJ:

Ha

IIaHiB.

4. CeJUIHChKi 3aBopyrneumr ua raJIHIJ,hKiii ryu,yJihlli,HHi CeJIJIHChKi JIIICTa

6

3aBopyiiieHHJI

KHJI3JI

1845

2KOBTHJI

p .

rrepe6yBaJIII

y

,cyrrepeqKif

Mi2K

TbOX

CKapr".

IIO.[(aTKiB, IIaHiB qifHII

II(O

cy"

e

mo

C.

i

HaKJia.[(aJIIICJI

BIIIIIHeBChKoro. u;noro,

IIi.[(6ypJOBaHHJI

CeJIJIH .[(0

Ha.[(3BifqailHIIH

)J:oKyMeHTII Eini

Bi.[(M 0 BIIJIIICJI OIIIICaMII.

)J:o

.[(OIIOMOrOJO rpoMa.[(II

21

q opHi

rrpo

1846

OcnaB p.

IIpiiBO.JJ:Y

HOBIIX

3aXIICHIIK

y

<l>e.[(opa 6inJI

MiCl(eBIIX

CIIpaB2KHi

BCbOMY

IIpii-

MiCl(eBoro

yrrpaBJiiHHJI

,3nomacHoro

y

a

JIKIIH

BepecHi

II oTiK.

3ri.[(HO

CJiy2K60Bl(iB

ryu;yna

mo

3

rrocecopiB,

CeJIJIH

OKPY2KHIIH

3i6paniicJI

JIKi

B

rrpou;e-

rrepeBa2KHO Ma€

B

TaM-

HaCeJieHHJI.

q opHIIH

IIaHII(IIHY

)Ka6'e, BII3Hae,

6ara -

CBJIII(eHIIKOM, Ha

BIICTYIIII

rrpii6yB

.[(OMiHiaJibHIIX

qopHIIX

BepecHJI

cin

BIIJIIIB

0 cnaBII,

BIIKOHyBaTII U:IIX

3Hyll(aHHJI

3

JlbBOBi

IIpiiBO.JJ:Y

ry6epHChKe

BIICJIOBOM,

y

,3

IIpiiXOBaTII

3BIIHyBaqyJOqlf

3aBopyiiieHb

CBi.[(qaTb

IIi.[(.[(aHIIX.

rrepeKoHye

C.

KHJI3h

CKap2KIIJIIICJI

Ha

3a H:oro

caMoyrrpaBCTBO Ta

TeiiiHiX

cenax

BiH

CeJIJIH

CaM

rroqaJIIICJI

HaMara€TbCJI

3aBopyiiieHHJI,

rrpiiqiiHOJO

ropax

qacTO

fyu;ynhll(IIHy.

yrrpaBJiiHHJI

BIICTYIIII

CKap6Ka.

.[(BOpOM

J!6JIOHOBChKIIH

He JIIIIIIe

rrpo

IIi.[(.[(aHIIMII"

)Ka6'e

faJIIIU:hKY

ry6epHCbKOrO

rpa<j:>a

.[(BOpOM

CeJIJIHCbKOrO

rroMIIHYJIII

.[(0

.[(OBi.[(y€MOCJI

BOJIO.JJ:iHHi

CeJIJIHII

KHJI3b

CBJIII(eHIIKa TOMY,

He

J!6JIOHOBCbKOrO

3

HOBIIMII

KOMicap yB'JI3HIIB BaH.[(3JOpy.

6y.[(IIHKY

1846

fpoMa.[(II

p.

U:IIX

B cin

iHBeHTapHIIMII

KiniaH,

JIKIIH

3a

YIIOBHOBa2KeHoro 06ypeHi

nicHIIU:TBa

ceJIJIHII B

Einiix


204 OcnaBax

IIO.[(aJIII

BJiacTJIM,

IJepeJIJIKaHi

n:e

cTpiiMano

paJihHOIO

Ta

ceJIJIH

yqacHIIKiB rrpoTII

c.

nelfamKa

.[(II,

1849 p.

ro

Ymoponu,

Bi.IJ:icnanii

3aBopyiiieHb

.[(aBHiM

3BifqaeM,

PychK 0- IT YTIIJiiBChK oro IIIeBChKIIH KiB,

-

B6aqae

IIIIIIIe

Bi.[(6yBa€ThCJI

B

BiH,

II

II(e

KIIMIIOJIYH3hKOl

i3

O.IJ:HY

OKpyry

y

OKpyrii

TOMY,

3a

rpy6i

H:oro

peBOJI!Ol(iHHOl CTaHicnaBa

Te,

BBa2KaJIII

BOp02Ki JIKIIH

BIIKOpiiCrrporraraH-

,.IJ:JIJI

.[(aJihiiiO-

Ma!OTb

IIpii

3aB2K.[(II

MaJIII

ceJIJIHChKoro

ITO Tpii

co6i

0 6JiaCHOro 36poi:.

MaH2Ke

a

PychKO-

.[(eJIKi

3

CTpiJIJIIOTb Hi6IITO lM

3BipiB,

3 6II-

BIIIIa.[(-

IIOpli.IJ:KY

IIi.[(.[(aHIIH

3aJIBa,

IIpOTII .[(IIKIIX

BOrHeiiaJib-

CIIOKOIO

qoTIIpii,

3a

3aBopyiiieHHJI

CTa po CTII

IIiCTOJieT,

II

II(O,

,36iJihiiieHHJI

K02KHIIH

3axoqeTbCJI.

Ha 36poJI

<j:> aKT,

rrpiiqiiH

pyiiiHIIl(IO

.[(e lM

aKTIIBi3an:il ceJIJIHTOll

rpoMa.[(CbKOrO

II(O

Ma€

<j:>aKTopoM

ryn:yniB

rropyiiieHHJI

qepe3

6yHTY

,Ti-

BaH.IJ:3IDpy

II(O

3aCTYIIHIIK

HaJIBHOCTi -

IIOKapaHO

rpoMa.IJ:II

y

.IJ:O

BJiaCTi

qoJIOBiKII-ryl(yJIII TaK,

6yno

i

Ka-

IIOKapaHHJI".

aBCTpiHChKi

xoJIO.IJ:HY 36po!O.

BiHCbKO,

rroBcTaHHJI.

YB'JI3HeHoro,

areHTII

Ba2KJIIIBIIM ChKIIX

Bi.IJ:

BJia.[(II".

3BIIHyBaqyBaBCJI TOByBaJIII

yB' JI3HeHo-

BJiaCTi Ha.[(iCJiaJIII

rrpiicyTHOCTi

iHIIIIIX

.[(OMiHiaJibHIIM

3BiJihHIITII

eKCIIe.[(IIl(i€10

y

BIICTYIIII

FpoMaiJcbKa

CKapry

BIIMaraiD qlf

ro.

JieCHO

HY i

Fpa 6oeeu, bKU i1

BoJtoiJuMup

HIIX

KOJIII

i

IIOTpi6-

30BCiM

Heo6-

rpyHTOBaHa". ABCTpiHChKIIH JIJI€

ryn:yniB

3rO.[(OM JIKY

rro.[(il

30KpeMa

rrpoBO.IJ:OM

KHR:JtCiJeip,

BXOiJUJlO

Ilolf.

II036aB-

11,

Bi.IJ:6IIpae B3araJii

a

6y.[(h-

Xoq

TYT

1848-1849

JlyK' JIHa ITO

pp.

Ha

pyx

EyKoBII-

ryn:yniB

IIi.[(

Ko6IIJIIIU:i,

Bi.IJ:rOMOHOM

faJIIIl(hKiH

fyl(yJihll(IIHi.

He

IIO.[(i6HIIX

BIICTyiiiB

y

IIelfeHi:JtCUHCbKe KaMepa!lbHe

TpiiMaTII

CeJIJIHChKIIH

IIpOKOTIIJIIICJI

cella

IIOCTYIIOBO 36po!O,

36po!O.

Hi,

5/Ke

Ha

3a6opOHJI€

EypeMHi

IlelfamKa

ypJI.[(

rrpaBa

ynpaBJtiHH5l.

XIX em.

C eJIJIH, BJiaCTi

O.[(HaK 6yJIII

JI!Ol(iHHIIMII

YPli.IJ:OBi

CTpiiB02KeHi rro.[(iJIMII,

.[(OMiHiaJihHi

KOJia

6ypXJIIIBIIMII

oco6JIIIBO

B

peBO-

Yropll(IIHi.


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

TepiiTopiJI

KaprraT,

HarJIJI.IJ:OM

BJiaCTett.

CTpiJihl(i.

HattMeHIIIi

CTpiHChKIIH

YPJI.IJ:.

ToM

JIKa rrpiiMIIKana .n:o Yropll(IIHII, 6yna rri.n: IIIIJihHIIM TyT

CTOJIJIII

3BiCTKII

Bi.n:oMIItt

BiHCbKa,

rrpo

HOMY

-

TaKIItt

Ha Yropll(IIHy.

B.IJ:aJIOCJI

rroroHJO MIIJO.

BTeKTII.

erri3o.n:.

i .n:ittiiiJIII .n:o

ll,e

YropchKi

)l:Ba

KarriTaH

ripChKi

JIJIKaJIII

aB-

aBcTpittcbKoi: Bitt-

BIICJiaB po3Bi.IJ:HIIKa 3 :1Ka6'ero rroBcTaHu:i crrittMaJIII ttoro,

IIOBCTaJii

yropl(i

CTaJIO IIpiiqlfHOIO IIOIIIIIpeHHJI

y

IIOBCTaHl(iB

IIYCTIIJIIICJI

EypKyTa, .n:e i:x crrittMaJIII

rroBcTaHl(iB Ha faniiqiiHy. ropl(iB .IJ:3BOHIITII

opraHi30ByBaJIIICJI

yropCbKIIX

ChKOBoi: 3anorii, JIKa CTOJIJia B KocoBi, ,3a ropii"

205

3

i

3a

Ha.n:icnanii

ane

HIIM

B

B

Kono-

qyTOK rrpo HaCTYII yropCbKIIX

ITo cenax BJiacTi .n:anii HaKa3 B pa3i HacTyrry

.IJ:3BOHII,

BIICTaBJIJITII

CIIrHaJihHi .IJ:030pii

(qyrii).

3

KonoMIIl rroqaJIII TiKaTII aBcTpittchKi qifHOBHIIKII, MiChKi 6araTil, IIIJIJIXTa.

B

ropii

HarrpaBJIJIIOTbCJI

6aTaJibHOHII

ripCbKIIX

BiHCbKOBi

CTpiJihl(iB

IIi.IJ:p03.IJ:iJIII,

HaBiTh

3

KOp.IJ:OHi IIOCIIJIIO€TbCJI CTOp02KOBa CJiy2K6a. apiiCT fyu:ynhll(IIHII ro.n:.

yqiiJIIICJI

MYIIITpy

i

CTpiHChKIIH Ha.IJ:IIOpyqHifK

B.

HapOCTaHHJI

faJIIfqlfHII,

3BepTae .n:e

Ha

,1848

B ropax 3.IJ:eCh 6ynii BeJIIIKi BapTII ...

6aTaJiii:,

HIIMII

MYIIITpyBaJI

KOMeH.IJ:aHT

be € p, JIJIXII B eJibM 0 6 OJIJIIICJI ropJIH

aB-

(ryl(yJiiB

r.)".

llpo TOpa

ryl(yJiiB,

CyqacHIIK l(IIX IIO.IJ:iH MeMy-

IIeTpo CTyrrHIIU:hKIItt rriicaB y cBoi:tt xpoHiu:i:

BeJIIIKa MJITe2K B Yropll(IIHi,

fyl(yJIII

opraHi30BYIOTbCJI

cepe.IJ:OBIIII(a

yBary

JIKIIH

co6i

rrporpeCIIBHe

B

CBOlH

iH<j:>OpMal(ii:

YPJI.IJ:Y Ha He6e3rreqHi

,3aBep6oBaHO

.IJ:03BOJIJIJIII

peBOJIJOl(iHHOl CIITyal(ii: CBi.IJ:qliTb

l(iJii JIK

rpoMa.IJ:II,

aiiOCTOJIII

Bi.IJ:

3aJIBa ry6epHa-

23 JIIOTOrO

1848 p.

rro.n:il B KonoMIIHChKOMY oKpy3i,

3-IIOMi2K

BOJii

JIKIIX

.IJ:eJIKi

IIOIIIIIp!OBaTII

B

CeJIJIHII

cyci.IJ:HiX

B2Ke

CeJIJIH

BqeHHJI".

5. Pyx

onpumKiB

IIO.JIOBMHI

nepmiii HarrpiiKiHU:i XVIII -

B Kiuu;i

y

rrepiiiitt

XIX

XVIII CT.

rronoBIIHi XIX

cT.

pyx orrpiiiiiKiB

JIK <j:>opMa aHTIIKpiiiOCHIIl(bKOl 6opOTb6II CeJIJIH fyl(yJihll(IIHII He IIpiiIIIIHJIBCJI.

lEaH

<l>paHKO

IIIICaB,

II(O

OIIpiiiiiKiBCTBO

,6yno

B

HaiiiiM

Kpa!O He TiJihKII 3a IIOJibChKIIX qaciB, aJie tt IIi.IJ: ABCTpi€10 Bi.IJ: CaMoro rroqaTKy". faJIIfqlfHII

crrpaB.n:i, 6e3IIepepBHO

rricJIJI

3arap6aHHJI

Ha.IJ:XO.IJ:JITb

ABcTpittchKOJO

IIOBi.IJ:OMJieHHJI

rrpo

MOHapxieJO

BIICTYIIII

OII-


206

BoJtoiJuMup

piiiiiKiBr Ha ocTpoBa, IIO,n:i6Hi

fyu;yJihll(IIHi.

B

Yropll(IIHi

Ta

B

aHTII<j:>eo,n:aJihHi

ripcbKIIX TepiiTopiJix iHIIIIIX

Kpa1Hax,

ryu;yJihChKi

pyXII

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

EanKaHChKoro

rri,n:KopeHIIX JIBIIII(e

He

rriB-

ABcTpieJO,

ROBe.

3 MaTepiaJiiB aBCTpiHCbKOrO cy,n:iBHIIl(TBa B faJIIfqiiHi ,!l;OBi,n:yEMOCJI, Ha

II(O

rroqaTKY

80-X

poKiB

B

ripCbKIIX

oKpyry ,n:iJIJIII orrpiiiiiKII )l:MIITpo

b a6 a Ta iHIIIi IIOBCTaHl(i. Bi,n:oMa y

OKPY2KHIIX

Bi,n:oMocTi

ypJI,n:iB,

OKOJIIII(JIX

CTaHiCJiaBCbKOrO

EorycnaBel(h, J!H <l>eHJOK, rrpo ,n:il orrpiiiiiKiB

a

,n:ani

,n:o

y

3B'JI3KY

3

faJIIIU:hKoro

MIIxaH:no

Ha,n:xo,n:IIJIII ,n:o

ry6epHaTopcTBa

JlnBiB.

XVIII

HarrpiiKiHu;i

pyx orrpiiiiiKiB Ha

cT.

EyKoBIIHi.

rOJIO,!l;OM

rrocyxo10

22 TpaBHJI

1798

p.

faJIIIU:hKe

3pOCTa€ ry6epHa-

TOpCTBO IIOBi,IJ:OMJIJI€, II(O Ha nyKOBIIHi ,Bi,n: qoTIIpbOX TII2KHiB BaTarii po36iHHIIKiB B IIOBiTaX )l:oporal, HayMe TaK

mo

He

M02KJIIIBO

BJiaCTi faJIIfqlfHII ro

pyxy.

BOHII,

rrpo1xaTII

HaMaraJOTbCJI JIK

B CBiH

EepKeH orraHyBaJIII ,n:oporii, y

KYIIU:JIM

faniiqiiHy".

0Kyrrau;iH:Hi

3arro6irTII 3pOCTaHHIO OIIpiiiiiKiBCbKO-

qac

IIOJibChKi

MarHaTII,

BII,IJ:a!OTb

ry6ep-

HChKi yHiBepcaJIII, 3aKJIIIKa!OTb MiCl(eBi BJiaCTi BIIIIIyKyBaTII OIIpiiiiiKiB i o6iu;JIJOTh BIIHaropo,n:y 3a K02KHoro crriH:MaHoro orrpiiiiiKa. 9 rpy,n:HJI 1783

p.

ry6epHaTop

faniiqiiHII

Epiri,n:o

o<j:>iu;iH:Ho BII3Hae, mo ,B u;iM Kpa!O ripCbKIIX

i

3apOCJIIIX JiiCOM

BII,n:ae

yHiBepcan,

B.

(faniiqiiHi -

OKOJIIII(JIX",

,n:iJOTb

B

JIKOMY

F.), oco6JIIIBO B

OIIpiiiiiKII,

i

HaKa3y€

BJiacTJIM 1x BIIIIIyKyBaTII, o6iu;JIJOqii 3a K02KHoro crriH:MaHoro orrpiiiiiKa BIIHaropo,n:y Y

24

1786 p.

piiHChKIIX.

aBcTpiH:cbKIIH

i3

yHiBepcaJI

30JIOTIIX

47

IIYHKTiB,

H ocii<j:> II

iMrrepaTop B

JIKOMY

BII,n:aB crreu;iaJihHIIH

HaKa3yBaJIOCb

cinh-

MiChKIIM

CbKIIM BJiaCTJIM Ta ,n:yxiBHIIl(TBY HarJIJI,IJ:aTII ,3a 2Ke6paKaMII II pi3HIIMII Bonou;JOraMII", cJI

mo6

3arro6irTII 3aBopyiiieHHJIM.

O,n:HaK pyx po3BIIBaB-

,n:ani. Y

XVIII cT.

KiHu;i

orrpiiiiiKiB

Ha

IloKyTTi

Ilpou;h TyMaHJOK

HOCTi

HeBi,IJ:OMi,

TO,n:i",

KOJIII

JIIIIIIe

B

rrpocnaBIIBCJI

(CarrpJIHqyK).

rrepeKa3aX

aBCTpiHChKIIH

ypJI,!l;

3ra,n:y€TbCJI,

rroqaB

BaTa2KOK

ToqHo poKII

3a6IIpaTII

II(O

raJIIIU:hKIIX H:oro ,n:iJIJih-

BiH ,n:iJIB

,CaMe

BiHCbKa

CeJIJIH

,!1;0

faniiqiiHII, To6To HarrpiiKiHu;i XVIII cT. )l:iJIJihHiCTh 3aroHy TyMaHJOKa Mana JICKpaBo CBi,n:qaTb

BIIpa2KeHIIH

oqeBII,IJ:l(i,

,HiKOJIII

aHTII<j:>eo,n:aJihHIIH xapaKTep. He

opeH,n:apiB i BeJIIIKIIX Kyrru;iB".

6paB

CaM

Hill(O B CeJIJIH,

BaTa2KoK,

JIIIIIIe

JIK

B IIaHiB,

Ilpou;h TyMaHJOK roBopiiB:

, 0To-


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

207

3

Ti IIaHII .[(epOIIIKypii 6epyTh yce y XJIOIIiB,

a

MII

MYCIIMO 6paTII y HIIX

IIO.[(aTOK". 3pOCTaHHJI OIIpiiiiiKiBCbKOrO IIIIIX

BJiaCTeH

KiBChKIIX

faJIIfqlfHII.

BIICTyiiiB

pyxy Bi.[(6IITO

fy6epHaTOp

B .[(OKyMeHTaX HaHBII-

BKa3y€,

IIIO

1817 p. OIIpiiiii-

B

56, a qepe3 rr'JITb poKiB, B

HaJiiqyBaJIOCJI TiJihKII

1822 p., u:e qifcJio 3pocno .IJ:O 87. Po3.[(paToBaHIIH ry6epHaTop po6IITh CIIp06II Ha

IIOJICHIITII

IIOp0.[(2KyBaJIII

iMrrepaTOpOBi

0 6 MIIHa!O qlf

fyl(yJihiiiiiHi.

OIIpiiiiiKiBChKIIH

IIpiiqlfHII

3pOCTaHHJI

pyxy OIIpiiiiiKiB

COl(iaJibHO- eKOHOMi qHi pyx

III06

IIpiiqlfHII,

BIIIIpaB.[(aTII

CBOIO

JIKi

6e3IIO-

pa.[(HiCTh, BiH HaMara€TbCJI .[(OBeCTII, IIIO OIIpiiiiiKiBCTBO M02KHa ycyHyTII

JIIIIIIe

IIiCJIJI

KOJIOHi3au;il

fyl(yJihiiiiiHII.

Cepe.[( 6araThOX orrpiiiiiKiB Ha rroqaTKY XIX cT. BII3HaqHIIX

BaTa2KKiB.

TaK,

qifTaeMo:

, II OJIBIIJIIICJI

MapycJIK

3

:1Ka6'e

Ky.[(eJIJOK -

KocMaqa,

KOBChKIIH,

IIIJIJIXTifq

KaMII

IIpOTJirOM

eKcrre.IJ:IIU:il .IJ:OBro

MocopyK, 3-3a

1817 p. E oH:qyK,

BaTa2KOK

qepeMoiiia,

3

IIpoKypaBII,

J!KIIM'JIK

3

Bep6iBU:JI,

poKiB

PiqKa.

y

OKOJIIII(i

MIIxaH:na

C.

fOJIOBII.

EoH:qyKa

i

ll(O

apeiii-

CrriH:MaHoro BaTa2KKa Bi.IJ:Be3JIII .IJ:O KyTiB Ha

Bi.IJ:3HaqaBcJI

Hiqoro

KapaJihHi

MY2KHicTJO,

HecKopeHicTJO,

He

cMiJIIIBic-

,OTaKi .[(aBHO

60JIJIIICJI".

CyqacHIIKOM EoH:qyKa 6yB )J:MIITpo MapycJIK, po.IJ:OM 3 KocMaqa. xpoHiu;i

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

BaTa2KOK qifHi

H:

Ha

p.

BJiacTi

CTpa TIIB

oronociiJIII

Jle.[(3JOKa, JIKi CJIKa .[(2KepeJia Ka3i

i

rrpo i

KY.IJ:IICb

Ha CMe pTb B

rrpeci

O.[(HOrO

po3IIIYK

He .[(a!OTb mo

HiJIKIIX

M apycJIK

i3

3a KOp.[(OH

i

mo

rrporraB 6e3

3a crrpo6y

fanii-

3HeBa2KIITII

CBOlX OIIpiiiiiKiB.

Y

1814

MapycJIKa Ta ,IJ:aneHqyKa,

qlf

IIpo .[(aJihiiiY .IJ:OJIJO Mapy-

Bi.[(OMOCTeH. ,.IJ:OBro

B

Hhoro.

crrpaBe.[(JIIIBIIM, .IJ:iJIB BiH y

BTeKJIII 3 KYTChKOl B'JI3HIIU:i.

roBopiiThCJI,

IIiiiiOB

3ra.[(y£ThCJI

MapycJIK 6yB qecHIIM

Yropll(IIHi. )]:2Kepena cBi.IJ:qaTh,

.[(iBqiiHY BiH

3

MaTh-

HapeiiiTi

TJO i repoi"qHo 3ariiHyB. CeJIJIHII 3 rroiiiaHoJO roBopiiJIII: 6yJIII JIIO.[(II,

lliTOJIJOK

EoH:qyK (KJIJIM) .IJ:iJIB pa3oM 3 iHIIIIIMII orrpiiiii-

po3IIIyKyBaJIII

EoH:qyK

rri.IJ:

CTyrrHIIl(hKoro

qepeMXOBa".

6araTbOX

TyBaJIII H:oro B c. po3rrpaBy.

IIIailKII

rrpocnaBIIJIOCJI pli.IJ:

cnaBHIIX orrpiiiiiKiB:

xpoHiu;i

B ropax

3

BaTa2KOK MIIxaH:no

y

Jliiiiie

XO.IJ:IIB

B O.[(HOMY rrepe-

B orrpiiiiiKax,

a

rroTiM

BiCTi".

IIpo MapycJIKa CKJia.[(eHo qifMano rriceHh i orroBi.IJ:aHh, JIKi 36eperJIIICJI .[(0

HaiiiiiX .[(HiB.


208

BoJtoiJuMup

AKTIIBHO MIIpoH

,!ljJIB

IIIToJIJOK,

3aJIIIIIIIIJIOCb ,[(eHO

rriceHb,

<l>paHKO,

3aiiiiCaBIIIII

B

BipHicTh

iCTOpiiqHOl

rroJIBY

cMepTh,

IIOCTaTi

1830

TaK02K ):(aBcJI

3

qifHOM,

30

qonoBiK,

Ha ChKi

HJI

y

JIJOKa

qoni

1829 i

BiH

BapTi, Cy):(

6yB 6yB Ta

i3

p,

CKJiaCTO-

3BepHyB

yBary

OIIOBi):(aHHJI

):(YMKY

rri3Hiiiie

rrpo

rrpo

):(OCTO-

a

1830

rri):( mo

apxiBHi

<l>paHKa

TYT BIIepiiie

BBa2KaTII,

iCTO-

3ra,[(y€TbCJI p,

M,

):(OKY-

rrpo

rrpo

IIIToJIJOK

rrpo H:oro

):(iJIB

3

BeCeJIIIH,

BIIHiC

H

HOMY

Ha

3

EyKoBIIHChKoro KpiiMiHaJih-

BCiX

6araTii'B

qepe3

BCIO B

ropii

B,[(aJIOCJI

6yJIII

):(OBro i

y

orrpiiiii-

po3raJiy2KeHHJI

rrp OTII

3

KepiB-

III TOJIIO Ka

):(OBroro

MIIpOHa i

IIITO-

Bi):(rrpaBIIJIII

Ilepe):(aJOTh,

H:oro

JIIO,[(bMII,

3a-

rrepecni):(yBaH-

3aKyBaJIII

JIK

aBCTpiH:-

6IIJIII mo

mo

rroraHO,

CTOJIJIII

Ha

CIIJiy",

BIIpOK,

xpoHiu;i

6o

KIIHyTi

KaTyBaJIII, XOTb

2KapTyBaB

rro6paTIIMOM B

y p,

)l:2KypJIKa

fepJiiqKa,

CIIiHMaTII

BaTa2KKa

CKOBaHIIH

CMepTHIIH

pi3Hi

MaH,[(aTOp

IIicJIJI

CBOIO

3a

):(iJIB

1831

ciqHJI

BaciiJIJI

CBOl

Ha):(iCJiaB

H:oro

BII2KHIII(L

crroKiilHiiiie,

CTpiJihl(iB,

):(e

14

cy):(

IOpiiiiiTaHOM, 3aroHaM

i

IIITOJIJOKa

OKOJIIII(IO",

YcTepil(hKIIH

CMiJIBCJI,

EyKoBIIHL

KyTiB

CKJia-

cy):(OBi:

cTano ):(emo

Ha

IIIToJIJOKa

3ariH

IIIToJIJOKa,

IIITOJIJOKa

HeBOJii

H:oro

3ariH

aKTIIBHO

IIITOJIJOKa

,[(eMOHCTpyBaB

pa30M

3arriicaMII

rro6paTIIMiB,

YcTepiKII, y

pp,

KpiiMiHaJihHIIH

CTpax

rip CbKIIX

KapaJibHIIM

B

1829-1830

Ha

ropax

3aroHy

6oH:oBIIX

me

BII2KHIIU:i

1817

MIIpoHa

IIi):(p03):(iJIII,

IIITOJia

IIOBiiiiaHHJI y

HaBO,[(IIB

oTaMaHoM

p,

H:oro

2KIITTJI

Bi):(TBOpiiTII

ryu;yniB

IIpiirrymeHHJI

arreJIJil(iHHOMY

MIIpOHa

i

3

B'JI3HIIU:i

,XOTb TO

3ariH

,[(OIIOMi2KHIIX Ha

rrpo

H:oro

BIICJIOBIIB

3Hail):(eHi

Hail6iJihiii

3JIOBJieHHJI

IIpii):(yiiieHHJI

riH

B

CTpax

KyTchKIIX

BiHCbKOBi

HIIK

):(O

i

3HaqHifM

III TOJIJOKa

3a

MeMyapii

Bi):(

IIIToJIJOKa,

3ri):(HO

JlnBiBCbKOMY

KiBChKIIH 6yB

p,

Brrepiiie

IIi):(

EyKoBIIHChKIIH

rricJIJI

BII2KHIIU:hKIIX

CBO€pi):(Hi

TaK02K

mo

BJiaCTeH,

pp,

,Jliiiiie

,[(2KepeJI

me

,[(OIIOMaraJOTb

1899

M02KHa

HaBO,[(IIB

IIOBi):(OMJieHHJIM

,[(OIIOBi):(aB

orrpiiiiiKiB

pp,

BiH

1829-1830

KaprraTChKIIX

III TOJIIO Ka,

IIITOJIJOKa:

):(OBi):(yeMocJI,

cy):(y,

a

JIKi

rrpaBIIJihHiCTb

orrpiiiiiKa

TaKIIM

ITO

Horo

fyu;ynnmiiHII,

cnaBHoro

1817

IIOCTaTi

HhOrO

uj

<l>paHKO

IIi):(TBep):(2KYIOTb

piiqHiCTb

IliiCbMOBIIX

OIIOBi):(aHb,

L

BaTa2KOK

rrpo

Ha

IIIToJIJOKa,

XpoHiKa

3aTe

BaTa2KKa,

MIIpoHa

MeHTII

IIITOJia,

MaJIO,

):(iJIJibHOCTi

L

me

BII,[(aTHIIH

a6o

):(y2Ke

6araTO

piHKII

TaK02K

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

BiH

6yB

lJ,IIraHOM

fyu;ynnmiiHII

CTpaqeHIIH MiiiiKOIO rri):(

1830

qepe3

1830

B p,

p,

3aiiii-


ImocmpoeaHa caHo: u;eJO

icmopi5l

,IIIToJIJOK y

B

AHTOH

Ha

,3opJI"

OCHOBi

(1839-1877), II(O

orrpliiiiKiB

,MYCliB 3

qacTo

KaM

rpoiiii,

II

.n:iJIJili

paxyHOK

BliXi.[(l(iB

(IIIiCTb

3apiqqi, )l:JIJI

6e3IIeKli

B

a

IIOJiil(iJI,

o6oB'JI3KOM

fipChKi

p.,

3ariH

KOTpliX

BoHR

lX

BBa2KaJili

a6o

IIYIIIKapi,

IIeBHi

i

ryu;yniB,

rrepeO.[(JirHyTliH

B

rrpHrpaBaJOqli

Ha

i

B

CTap-

p03.[(aBaB

nipi,

6i.[(HJI-

HapO.[(HliX MaC,

r.

T06TO

6yJili

3BiJihHeHi

MaJili

8-11

Bi.[(

BiHCbKOBliX IIOCTiB

6yJili

i

ITO

3a

CBOIO

yqliHliB

16

O.[(HOMY

B

.n:ep2KaBHoro opraHi30BaHi

Ha3liBaJiliCJI

rrpli

ll,e

KOJiliiiiHiX HaXliJI .[(0 po3IIIyKax l(e

6yJili

3

qacTO

pyx, Ta

30Kpe-

KaTaMli.

6araTOl

CiJih-

HeCTiHKliX OIIpliiiipo360JO

i

Ha2KliBli.

orrpliiiiKiB.

CeJIJIHli,

TO

porOBliHY He

IIOBliHHOCTeH.

<l>aKTliqHo

CTpiJih-

CBO€pi.[(Ha

CeJIJIHChKliH

rH06liTeJIJIMli

po6liJili,

arrapaTy KapaJihHi

,ripCbKliMli

KOMIIJieKTyBaJiliCJI

J!KII(O

.[(eHb.

3ariH

17,

.[(0

Po3rroqaBIIIli

J!CliHJI,

.[(OMiHiH

HaBiTh

<j:>eo.[(aJibHliX

Ha

3pic

Tli2KHiB

,IIYIIIKapJIMli".

He

JIKoro

Bepe.[(JOKOM.

PoKHTi).

3aroHiB qepe3

,3py6H

Bonorn:yKoM,

CeMli

C.

CBOlMli

ypJI.IJ:OBi

IIiJihrli.

CBi.[(qeHHJIM

KpeH:u;epiB

iHTepecH

crroMHHanH".

IIOTiM

IIpli60pKyBaTli

lX

i3

a

B

BJiaCTJIMli

Ha3liBaJili

.n:orroMaranH

CTpiJihl(i .[(iCTaBaJili

.[(O.[(aTKOM .[(0

Ha

BepxiBKli,

JIKOl 6yno

IIOBliraHJIJili

BciJIJIKO

TBep.IJ:liB, BaTa2KKOM

6paTiB

Hhoro

fyu;yJihll(liHli.

rr'JITb

.[(Ba

CbKOl BepxiBKli, .[(pi6HOl IIIJIJIXTli KiB,

p.

KpaCHOlJIJIJI

3aXHII(aB

CBOlX

IBaHoM

IIpOTJirOM

o<j:>il(iHHliX .[(OKyMeHTaX

CTpiJihl(i,

BiH

6araTilB

qoJIOBiK,

)l:o6poTiB,

fyu;yJili

3

CJiaBHliM

IBaHoM

Ta

3aKaprraTCbKOl

Hapo.[(i

OIIpliiiiKiB.

BOCbMli

<j:>eo.[(aJibHOl

l(JIMli",

qac

crriBaB,

oqoJIJOBaHi

aBCTpiHChKliMli

JIKi

1886

BliTOIIIliHChKoro,

6paTa

.[(JIJI

II

orrpliiii-

B

rrepeKOHJiliBO

rrpo

IIIJIJIXTY

BaTa2KOK

JleBa

II(O BiH,

ceJIJIHaMH,

BopoxTi,

3arOHli,

B

3

C.

OcnaBax,

fyu;yJihll(liHi

Ma

IIIH6eHH-

IIaHiB.

1845

B

JiliXliM

fpoMa.IJ:ChKliM,

i3

BeCHOIO

CBiH

CliMIIaTieJO

orrpliiiiKli,

CKJia.[(aBCJI

.[(iJIJihHiCTb

Ha

KapaHi

AHTOIIIKO.

CBOrO

ropax"

He

KapaB

B

Ha3HBaJIH

crroqaTKY

Haiia.[(iB

Mi2K

He.[(OJIIO,

Bi.[(i6paHi

AKTliBHO Hapo.n:i

y

p03IIOBi.[(a€TbCJI,

rroJIBJIJIBCJI

HeBOJIIO

6yTli

JIKOJOCh

crrora.n:H

PeBi3opqyKiB,

KyTcbKo-KociBChKliX

y

rrpo

u;iKaBi

6yB

6yB

Ha3liBaJili,

oqeBli.[(l(JI,

.[(iHCHO

HapO.[(HliX rrepeKa3aX

B

orrpliiiiKli,

rro6paTHMOM

H:oro

pO.IJ:liHa

,2KliB

3aBci.n:H

Ti

JIK

rroJIBliJiliCJI

2KliJia

rrpHrHo6neHHX

l(JI,

209

3

cnaBHi

H:oro

a6o,

IIOBi.[(OMJieHb

.n:e

AHTOIIIKO

KOJili

MiiiiKa,

lliTOJIJOKa

PeBi3opqyK,

2KypHani

JIKliH

ll,HraH

ToM

BH2KHHU:i".

CyqacHHKOM KiB

i

IlpuKapnammR.

3a

ripChKi

BliKOHyBaJili

fipchKi BOHli,

3a

IIJiaTliJili",

CJiy2K6y

BOHli

CTpiJihl(i

6yJili

<j:>yHKl(iJO

p03Bi.[(-


BoJtoiJuMup

210 HIIKiB.

faJIIIl(hKIIH

II(O

BiHChKOBIIX

.[(0

KiJihKOX Y

ripCbKIIX

1818

30-x TIIX

p.

0Kpy3i

31

y

(1825

p.)

CTpiJihl(iB

3arOHII

y

BCTaHOBIITII,

(KepiBHIIK 25 Y

c.

BeJIIIKi Bcix

mo

H:oro

TaK02K

IIi.IJ:

TaK

IIoqecTJIMII.

JIJOKa

IOpiiiiiTaH

l(e

6yno

B

aKTIIBHO

2KopcToKicTJO ycTepil(hKIIH

JIIICTiB

oKpy2KHoro

ry6epHaTopcTBa

CTapiiiiiH

ypJI.IJ:YBaB

6yJIII

3ariiHYJIO .[(0

IIi.[(

pp.

M02KHa

IIpOBO.[(OM

27

qoJIOBiK

10 piiiiiTaH

CTpiJiel(b

fepniqKa,

TYT

y

, TaKi

OIIpiiiiiKiB,

3HaXO.IJ:IIJIIICJI

KaTyBaJIII

3B'JI3KaX

3

CeJIJIH

i

ycTepil(hKIIX

OIIpiiiiiKiB;

3MyiiieHi

HaTepiiiJIOCJI

B6IIBaJIII

Ta TeMHIIl(i,

B

HeMa"

i

OIIpiiiiiKaMII

KpiiMiHaJIII

TaKIIX

6araTO

, 6ara TO

cpi6HIIH

oiipiiiiiKiB 3a

,.IJ:icTaB

y

xpecT

3a

u:icapcbKY

<l> paHKOBi

MaH.[(aTopa

ceJIJIH

ciiiH:MaHoro IIaHiB

6yJIII

HaBiTh

BII3HaTII,

MYKII,

.[(eKopau:iJO

i

-

IIO.IJ:iil

Hapo.IJ:

Bi.IJ:3HaqanocJI

BII.[(aTHoro u:icapJI

3acnyrii".

oqeBII.IJ:el(h

IOpiiiiiTaHa caMoro

lX

II(O

Ha6pii3KaJIO

KpOBi".

Ilepecni.IJ:yBaHHJI

IBaHoBi

i

KinhKiCTh

YIIOBHOBa2KeHi

CTpiJihl(iB

KaTyiiii;

Ili.[(rip'JI

B' JI3HIIl(JIX

BIIMII

Ha.[(aBaHo

3

1832-1839

IIi.[(03piJIIIX

oqeBII.[(l(iB,

CTaBIIJIIICJI

OTpiiMaB

.[(e

3BaHi

ropii

Ti,

JIIO.[(ChKOl

COJI.[(aTiB

.IJ:OCIITh

3ra.[(aHIIH

ripCbKIIX

IIpOTJirOM

6y.IJ:IIHKOM,

oiipiiiiiKiB

u:ini

y

me

IOpiiiiiTaH.

fepJiiqKa,

Ha

BOp02Ke

poKax

raJIIIl(hKoro

3ariH

HaJiiqyBaB

KaTiBHJIX

JIKi

56

pli.IJ:OBIIx). HaH:6iJihiiie

Bi.[(3HaqiiJIIICJI

IIOMiqHIIK

CJIOBaMII

Y CTepiKaX

20-30-x

pp.

repJiiqKiBChKIIX

B

o6cTaBIIH.

B

CTpiJihl(iB).

ciiiH:MaHIIX

Hi.IJ:e

CTOJIJIO

28

BOHII

CTaHiCJiaBChKO-

Oco6JIIIBOJO

3BaHi

MaH.[(aTOp

YcTepiKII

3 a

IIYHKTaX

B

MaH.[(aTopii.

IIIIBHIIl(i-KaTiBHi,

CeJIJIH.

IIoqaTKY

Po3TaiiiOByBaJIIICJI

HaiipiiKJia.[(,

TaK

a

IIpOBi.[(HIIKiB,

aHa

IIepeBa2KHO

i

IIIICaB,

OIIpiiiiiKII.

KapaJibHIIH

MOJIO.[(IIIIIX

CTaHiCJiaBChKOMY,

oqoJIJOBaJIII

fepJiiqKif 3aJIOrii

i

CTpiJihl(iB

YPJI.IJ:Y,

II(O

B

iMIIepaTopa

p03Bi.[(HIIKiB

OKpyrax.

Bi.[(

.[(0

HaCeJieHHJI".

cTapiiiiiX

.[(e

1829-1840

KOJIOMIIHChKoro

B

HaCeJieHIIX

-

3BiTi

JIK

IIOCTII.

(Tpii

oKpy3i,

fepniqKa

MaH.[(aTopa

13

MeCHIIKII

MaETKiB,

JIJOTiCTIO MaH.[(aTop

y

y

MiCl(eBoro

3aJie2KaJia

ripCbKIIX

.[(ep2KaBHIIX

3

BiHChKOBi

cTpineu:n

HapO.[(Hi

,IIpii.[(aJIII,

CTpiiHChKOMY

KonoMIIHChKOMY .[(iJIJIII

Ta<j:><j:>e

3'JIBJIJIIOTbCJI

6yJIII

ripcbKIIH

ripCbKIIX

IIOCTiB

CTpiJihl(iB

BOHII

poKiB MiCl(JIX, .[(e

MY

ry6epHaTOp

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

,51

BeJIIIKY

caM

Me.[(aJih

3a

6yB

cnaBy IIpii

Ta

TiM, -

II epio.IJ:

,repniqKoBoJO

YPJI.IJ:O-

MIIpoHa

3acnyrii",

H oraH <l> ae p.

Ha3IIBaB

BIICOKIIMII

BaTa2KKa

lliTo-

roHop JIK

i

HOMY

oiioBi.IJ:aB IIaHyBaHHJI

HeBoJieJO",

a

,KaTIOraMH",


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

,riil(JIJIMII".

Y

Hapo.l(i

MIIHyJia

repJiiqKOBa

Y

3

3B'JI3KY

HaBiTI,

pe2KeHHJI

rry6niqHo1

cT.

3aJIIIIIIIITII

cTpiJihU:iB.

,BIIII(e3ra.l(aHi IIOTpi6Hi JiaCb Ha

YPJI.IJ:

Ha

3aXO.I(II 1833

B

(T06TO

piK

18 39

p.

YPJI.IJ:

ripcbKIIX

MIIHII(IIHi,

30KpeMa

Ki

M02KJIIIBiCTh

mo

.I(aTopa

Ha

IIIi

15

ChKOro

pyxy

1Io.l(i6HOIO

B

poKiB

3aroHoM

HaMiCHIIU:TBO,

pp.,

,JIKi

,.IJ:o6pi

rrepeKOHYIOTb CJiy2K6II

oqoJIIIJIII

KoJIOMIIHChKiH

pe3yJih-

ry6epHiJO,

CTpiJihl(iB) 0Kpy3i

mo .I(Ba

II(O

KOHqe

36iJihiiiii-

p03TaKono-

YcTepiKax,

3aB2K.IJ:II

IIOCTiHHe .1(0

BII.IJ:iJIJIB .IJ:OCIITh

cTapiiii

IJ,e

y B

OII.I(OBi-

BeJIII-

CTpiJihl(iB cTpinnu;i

Ha .l(eHb,

CBi.l(qlfTb fepniqKII

IIpii.IJ:YIIIeHHi

a

rrpo

MaHO.IJ:ep-

MOJIO.I(Te,

II(O

Bi.IJ:irpaBaJIII OIIpiiiiiKiB-

KOCiBCbKO-KYTChKIIX

.l(iJIJihHiCTIO

KaMepaJihHIIH

pe3oBa.

<l>aKTII

fepJiiqKII"

qeHi2KIIHCbKOMY poKiB

40-x

H:oro

36e-

rip-

OKOJIIII(JIX.

iHIIIIIH

CTIIJii

raJIIIU:hKe

3

Eepe3oBi, .l(aJIII

y

yTpiiMaHHJI

3aroHII

pOJih

CbKIIX

cTpiJihU:iB

<j:>JIOpiiHiB

BeJIIIKY

rroqaTKY

ry6ep-

,.IJ:JIJI

JIIICTOM

II(O

MeiiiKaHl(iB"

YPJI.IJ:

BiCiM.

KapaJihHi

B

l(hOrO JIIICTa TaK02K

fepniqKII:

2KyBaJIII

II(O

,IIpii.IJ:YIIIYBaTII

ripCbKIIX

KOIIITII

i

i

raJIIIl(bKe

ypJI.IJ:OBi

fepniqKy

1832-1833

BJiaCTi

crreu;iaJihHIIM

IIIyBaHHJI

.1\YEMOCJI,

He

KOJIOMIIHChKIIH

ry6epHaTOpCTBO,

3

30-x

ropax

IIpO.I(OB2KeHHJI

TOMY,

rrepeKOHY€

piiiiiKiBCTBa.

Te6e

OIIpiiiiiKiB".

rroqaTKY

6a2KaHHJI

y

YcTepiKax

OKPY2KHIIH

.l(a€

,IIl,o6

pyxy,

OKPY2KHOMY

rrepeKoHyBaB

CTpiJihl(iB

KOJIOMIIHChKi

.l(iJIJihHiCTb

IIpOKJIJITTJI.

rrpoTJiroM

KOJIOMIIHChKIIX

MaH.I(aTopii

OKpy2KHi

211

OIIpiiiiiKiBCbKOrO

6e3rreKII" B

3aroHiB

KaMepaJihHi TaTII",

CKJiaJIOCJI

KOJIOMIIHChKOMY

0Kpy2KHIIH

p03Mill(eHHJI

3

HeBOJIJI ... ".

aKTIIBi3al(i€10

HaTOpCTBO .IJ:03BOJIIIJIO

XIX

ToM

IlpuKapnammR.

XIX

cT.

CBi.l(qaTb, B

,IIpOCJiaBIIBCJI

MaH.I(aTop II(O

-

3

BiH .l(iJIB

J!6JiyHiBCbKOMY

OKpyrax

.1(0

Orpinnu;i

Ee-

i

KiHl(JI H:oro

,y

II e30-X

TaK02K

OcmaHHiu 5/KUU

(}iflB

?O~x

onpuuwK,

Ha

Fyl{JilbU(UHi

PoKax XIX em.

CeimlluHa


212

BoJtoiJuMup

O):(epJKyBaJIII

BIICOKY

IIJiaTHIO

3a

CBOIO

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

,aHTIIOIIpiiiiiKiBChKY

):(iJIJib-

HiCTh". ABCTpiHChKIIM u;iB

B,[(anocJI

CbKe

CTapOCTBO

rronKy

repu;ora

po36ittHIIKiB rrepe6yBaJIII IIicJIJI

ttoro

JIII

Ha

JIKi Ha

pyx

3aroHiB rroqaB

Ha3IIBaJIII, B

OCTaHHitt

p.

M.

crrittMaHIIX

Ta

TinhKII

Horo TaKoJK B

IIiXOTHOrO

OXOpOHII

B,[(eHb,

BaTaJKOK

y

IBaHa

B

Ha):(BipHy,

TaK

70-x

i

B

repoi"qHa CTOpiHKY

XVI-XIX

errorreJI B

pyxy

JiiTOIIIIC

Bepe):(JOKa poKax

ryu;ynhChKIIX

orr-

XIX

crrittMaJIII,

IIpiiCYTHOCTi

KJiaCOBOl

JIKi

BHoqi''.

MIIKOJia )l:pariipyK,

He3a6apoM

KoJIOMIIl

CTpiJih-

CTaHicnaB-

KOMaH):(IIpa

COJI,[(aTiB

JIK

BonomyKa

3aHerra,[(aTII.

):(il

,[(0

Ha):(iHHOl

IIOTpi6HIIX IIOCTY

BonomyKa.

CeJIJIH 3 HaBKOJIIIIIIHiX CiJI, !J:YXOBeHCTBa i

CJiaBHY B

,):(JIJI

ripCbKIIX

BiHChK

IBaHa

rrpoxaHHJIM

IBaHa

Eop):(!OK. 1878

3aKiHqiinacJI

YKpai"Hi

3

mo6

IIOCJiaJIII

OIIpiiiiiKiBChKi

BIIIICaJIII

3aroHy

CTOpOJKOBOMY

rropa3KII

HaTOBIIY Mill(aH i

,[(OIIOMOrOJO

3BepHyJIOCJI CTe<j:>aHa,

IIOBiCIIJIII

TaK

3a

rropa3KII

Herat!:HO 6

piiiiiKiBChKIItt Bi):(HOBIIB JIK

BJiaCTJIM

HaHeCTII

cT. a6o,

cy):(II-

BeJIIIKOrO

qifHOBHIIKiB. orrpiiiiiKiB,

6opOTb6II

CeJIJIH

cT.

MoHocparjJif 3 niiJ

icmopii

B.

Fpa6oeeU,bKOi!O

onpuuiKiBCbKOi!O

npoeoiJoM

OJteKcu

pyxy

Jl.oe6yuw


P03,UIJI VI

KYJibTYPA rYUYJiblll;IIHH JIQqATOK XIX CT.)

(XVI 1. OcBiTa po

p03BIITOK

MaH2Ke

OCBiTII,

MO

Kpa!O.

xpecTa"; CB0€10

CBJITIIH

3pi):(Ka

OneKcii

2K

3ra,[(KII

rrpo

MeHHi.

Mo2KHa

MIIxaH:no

Te,

3YIIIIHIIBCJI U:eH:

<j:JaKT

IIp02KIIBaB MaJIJipCTBa.

BiH

XO,[(IIB y

6ynii

B

piK TO

MaJIJipa,

IIJ;O i3

c. 3a

,yqiiBCJI

piK

rrepeKoHye,

IIIICbMeHHIIH

Jliiiiie

YJIBIITII

Ha CTaH

Pi3HOMaHiTHi IIIICb-

BCIO!J:II 3

IIIICaTII,

y

TO

CeJIJIH

3Haxo,[(II-

l(horo

KJia):(yTh

y

f.)"

rrpii3HaK

KaM'JIHl(i

B

6ynii

Ilo):(inni, rri):(

,[(0

IIIICh-

MeJibHIIK

qac

pyChKiH IIIKOJii

):(iCTaBCJI

JIKIIH cy):(o-

i TaK

3a

Bep6i2Ka,

,[(e

XVIII

cT.

MaJIJipCTBa".

Bep6i2Ki JIKIIH

Ha

,MaHi-

3HaXO!J:IIMO

IIIICaB

rroKa3aHHJIM

!J:YXO-

HapO):(HOrO

He

)l:oB6yiiia

mo

iH.

,KapTKII",

)l:oB6yiiia

Py):(KII, H:oro

iMeHi

rrpoToKonax

iMeHi

Ta

ciJihCbKOrO

Bi):(

Bi!J:03BII,

rro6paTIIMiB

HaBqaBCJI

mo

Bi):(OMO,

CIO,[(II,

MaJIJip,

B.

-

rrpe):(CTaBHIIKII 51K

Bi):(

Bep6i2K.

TY!J:II, i

(ceJIJIHIIH

cy):(OBIIX

6oH:oBIIX

po):(OM c.

rrepio):(.

BMiJOqlf

HarriicaHi

Y

rriicaB?

ManJipqyK,

rrpou;ecy,

IIIKOJiaMII

,He

peMiCHIIKII.

cepe):(

l(eH

M02KHa

icTopiiqHIIX !J:OKyMeHTax

6yJIII

mo

<j:JaKTiB

<j:Jeo,[(aJii3My

Barii Ta rreBHOCTi, He 3HaJOqii IIIIChMa, pyKoJO

IIpiiiiYCTIITII,

rroceJIIIBCJI

B

CeJIJIHII,

rrepeBa2KHO

1x

):(06y ,[(aHIIX.

rrpo cyl(iJihHY HeiiiiCbMeHHiCTh

KJia,[(e

OKpeMi

B

iCTOpiiqHifX

cKapraMII, TecTaMeHTaMII

xpeCT

)l:oB6yiiia

X To

<j:JecTII".

Boro

IIJ;O

,):(JIJI nirriiio1 Bipii i

IliiCbMeHHIIMII

3rO,[(OM

CBi):(qaTb

xpecTIIKII.

3aiiiiCII,

BJiaCHOIO

BeHCTBa, repoJI

qaciB

rri):(rriiciB

fyu;yJihiiJ;IIHi

MIICTel(TBa B

IIi):( IIIIChMOBIIMII

BIIJIBJieHO

Ha

36eperJIOCJI

,[(OKyMeHTaJibHIIX

HayKII, JiiTepaTypii,

3aMiCTh

BO!J:Y

He

OKpeMIIX

MOBi ,[(OKyMeHTII TIIX l(horo

KYJihTYPII

30BCiM

OCHOBi

KHHrH-CTapo~pyKH

uepKOBHi

B

30-40-x

HaBqaB

CBOlX

poKax yqHiB

rpaMOTII

i


214

BoJtoiJuMup

RK

cBi!l:qaTh

!l:OKyMeHTII,

B

3aroHi

HacTyrrHIIKa

Fpa 6oeeu, bJW i1

OrreKcii

)l,oB6yiiia

IBaHa EoH:qyKa 6yrrii CBOl IIIICapi. TaK, IIOBCTaHel(b OrreKca forroBqyK Ha

cy)l;oBoMy

rrpou;eci

3acBi!l:qyBaB,

II(O

cepe!l:

orrpiiiiiKiB

6yB

,lEaH

)l;JIK", JIKIIH ,rriicaB JIIICTII". XapaKTepHo, II(O orrpiiiiiKaM oxoqe !l:OIIOMaraJIII

y

BIIrOTOBJieHHi

II(eHIIKII.

Ha Toll:

CeJIJIH

O)l;HOrO

3

qac

OKpeMi

<!JiKTIIBHIIX )l;OKyMeHTiB )l;JIKII

IIIJIJIXTa, II(o6 3arro6irTII BTeqaM

Ma€TKY

B

Ha

iHIIIIIH,

BIIMararra

rrepexo)l;y".

,rrpaBo

Bill:

,rrepeXO)l;aM" HIIX

Ilpii

CBJI-

,IIIICbMOBi

BTeqax

Ha

!l:HirrpJIHChKY YKpa1Hy )l;eJIKi orrpiiiiiKII IBaHa EoH:qyKa )l;icTaBarrii <PiK4 TIIBHi ,aTeCTau;i1 ', BIIrOTOBJieHi CiJihChKIIMII rro6paTIIMaMII, rrepeBa2KHO

)l;JIKaMII

crriH:Marrii

Ta

CBJIII(eHIIKaMII.

yqacHIIKa

BIIB y CoiiieHChKY

3aroHy

,aTecTau;iiO",

rroHoBaHa B ropax rrorroM BCIO)l;II Y

IIeBHIIM

X IX

y

1759

II(O,

poKax

cT.

CIIOCTepiraiOTbCJI

XVIII

CT.

6yrrii

IIpiiCJI2KHi

TaK CaMO, JIK

faJIIIl(bKOrO

lEaH )l,y6oBel(bKIIH. p.

ripcbKOMY <Pe€Blfq. TBa c.

IIIKOJia

OIIIIcax

rpyHTiB, BiHTII

fyu;yJihll(IIHi.

3

JIIOTOrO

1818

B2Ke

HOBOBIIJIBJie-

rroqaTKOBIIX IIIKiJI

3a o<!Jiu;iHHIIMII p03IIOpli)l;2KeH-

19 6epe3HJI IleqeHi2KIIH,

1816

p.

6yrra CTBOpe-

BqiiTeJieM

JIKOl CTaB

p.

BIIHIIKJia

rrepiiiiiM

yqiiTerreM

rroqaTKOBa JIKOl 6yB

qep-

IIIKOJia IoaH

B

Map-

Ili3Hiiiie, 3ri)l;HO 3 p03IIOpli)l;2KeHHJIM JlnBiBCbKOrO HaMiCHIIl(-

Bill: 27

KBiTHJI

1819

(yqiiTerrh

p.,

IOpiH:

Pli!l:2KeHHJIM Bill: 2 JIIIIIHJI

lie

Ha

3a ry6epHChKIIMII p03IIOpli)l;2KeHHJIMII Bill: 23

26

cerri )l,oBrorrirrrrJI,

Ko6aKII

coBi,

B C.

JIK

3aBipJIJIII CBOl IIi)l;IIIICII xpeCTII-

ITO BCiH

ry6epHaTOpCTBa

arre,

3ararroM II(e H: y

cTapiiiiiHa

Bi)l;OMO rrpo BIIHIIKHeHHJI TO)l;i

rroqaTKOBa

y rrepiiiiH:

0)l;HaK Ha rroqaTKY XIX cT.

y qQTIIpbOX ryu;yJihChKIIX MiCl(eBOCTJIX.

1815

rrpe)l;'JI-

6yrra ,cKoM-

IIOCTYIIII,

i Mill(aHII

cirrhChKa

paHiiiie,

IIOIIIIIpiO€TbCJI p03BIITOK OCBiTII HIIX )l;OKyMeHTiB CTa€

)l;eJIKi

HerpaMOTHIIMII.

YPJI!l:OM,

KaMII, He roBopJiqii B2Ke rrpo cerrJIH.

BHJI

JIKIIH

Ha fyu;yrrhll(IIHi HarrpiiKiHu;i XVIII -

xoq

aBcTpiH:cbKIIM

HJIMII

IlpaBo6epe2K2Ki

BaciirreM y cerri JIIOqi )l;JIJI Taro, II(o6 6yTII

rrpoBe)l;eHIIX

Ha rrepiiia

Ha

3a H:oro crroBaMII,

BII!l:HO 3 Hocii<PiHChKOl MeTpiiKII, cerrJIHII 80-x

p.

IIH:oTpOBChKoro,

qoJIOBiKOM".

po3BIITKY ocBiTII

rrorroBIIHi

TaK,

EoH:qyKa

rroqarra rrpal(IOBaTII

1819 p. 6yrra opraHi3oBaHa IIIKorra B M.

11 rrepiiiiiM BqiiTerreM 6yB 6yJIII

TpiiBiaJihHi

rroqaTKOBa IIIKOJia B

CTe6rriiU:hKIIH:), a 3a ry6epHChKIIM po3rro-

MaTeH:

rroqaTKOBi

Ko-

0cTp02KIIH.

IIIKOJIII,

CTBOpeHi

3a

OKpeMIIMII

YPJI!l:OBIIMII U:IIPKYJIJipaMII Ha BIIMory YIIOBHOBa2KeHIIX cirr i MiCT.

Ilpo


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

HaBqaHHJI

IIIKOJiaX

MeHTiB

B

IIIKOJIH

M.

liCIIHTaHHJI

Hlil(KOH

KJiaCCbi

64

BiKOM

yqHi

y

faJIHqliHli

liJili

8

BHKa3b

12

.[(0

215

IIpH6JIH3HO

yqeHHKOB

IIIKOJIH

.[(i3Ha€MOCh,

poKiB.

peMiCHHKiB-KOBarriB,

IJ,e

IIIO

6yJIH

6oH.[(apiB.

.[(OBi.[(aTHCJI

1830

OKpyry

3 .[(OKy-

p.

3

,eK-

TlipliBiaJibHOH

y

n:itt

.[(iTH

IIIKOJii

CeJIJIH

HaBqarrhHHtt

CTe6-

BqliJIOCJI

(piJihHHKiB),

piK

IIoqHHaBcJI

BepecHi.

Y

2)

IIIKOJiaX

4)

IIHCeM

i

B

HiCTh,

3BliqKH,

IIIKorry,

pO.IJ:HTerrett", lJ,iKaBi

poKy

-

perriril;

,pyChKOe,

IIOJihChKoro,

5)

HiMeU:bKoro;

3aii.

BiH

IIpO

IIOJib-

HiMeU:bKoro;

qHcrreHHJI

CKJia.[(aJIHCb

B

MOBaMH"

3aii

JIKHX

yqHi

3ra.[(y€

,rrraB-

eK3aMeHH

3a

(KaHTop)

HaBqaB

IIpli

3a3Haqa€,

,3BHqat!:Ha .[(JIKiBCbKa

HiJK

TpliBiaJibHa,

n:epKOBHOrO

CIIiBy,

JiiTypril.

lleqeHiJKHHi. IIaM'JITKa IIIO

B

BoRa

BiH

Ta

KyTax

IIIO

II pH

TOMY

qliCJii

,.[(eJIKi

HiMel(bKOIO,

Ha Ka-

HapO.[(Hi

i

HapO.[(HO-

IIliCbMa".

HaJieJKaJIH

JlnBiBChKitt

lleqeHiJKHHi,

KocoBi,

TaKoJK

KOJKHitt

.[(e

IIpo

MliTKpac-

icHyBaHHJI

IIOJibChKliH

IIIKOJIH IIi.[(

Ha

3HaqHo

JIKOl

CIIiBaTH

Hapo.[(i

qacy

pychKitt

JIKa .[(aBaJia

TaKOl

KYJihTYPH 3

B

.[(JIK

ciiiBy.

yMiJIH

B

qacTO

He.[(6aJIOCTb

MaH.[(piBHliK €

KOCTbOJiaX,

III06

Bi.[(OMa

3eMJii

roBopHTh

3aB.[(aHHJIM

icTopil M.

IIIO

rOJIOBHliM BOHR

TPY.IJ:Orrro6-

, qepe3

,KlipHJiiBCbKOrO

IIIKOJia",

llpHMiiiieHHJI

JIKHX

IIoqaTOK

IIpliMiTKaX

qecbKliH

IIOJibChKOIO,

KaTOJilil(bKliX

Barra

Y

llpHKapiiaTTi,

IIIKOJIH,

rriTyprittHoro

MaH.IJ:piBHHK

B

CorroTBHHi,

)l,oBroiiirrrri).

IIIKiJI

3.IJ:i6HiCTh,

ypoKiB.

faJIHl(hKitt

HaBqaiOTbCJI

(B

rpa<j:>ax

,y6orocTb".

Ha

TpliBiaJihHi

Ko6aKax,

qHcrreHi€",

MeMyapax

,BqaTbCJI

B

IIOXO.[(JKeHHJI,

yciiiiiiHOCTi:

OCBiTH

CBOlX IIIO

KOHCHCTopil

TpliBiaJibHliX

IIHCaHi€,

CJia6KOl

y

CBi.[(Ol(TBa,

COl(iaJibHe

IIpOIIyiiieHHX

CTaH

IIHCaB,

IIIKOJIH",

ttoro

crra6ocTb",

3aJIHIIIliB

pyChKOIO

qliTH,

BXO.[(liJIO

BH.[(aBaJIHCJI

yqHJI,

IIpliqliHli

CIIOra.[(H

pOIIOJIHqitt

IIIKOJIH

, qTeHi€,

,qepe3

fyl(yJihiiiHHi,

HCbKOl

KY.IJ:H

IIIKiJihHOrO

KiJihKiCTb

IIOJICHIOBaJIHCb

II, ett

XpliCTliJIHCbKOl'"

pychKoro,

IIOJihChKoro,

IIpi3BHIIIe

BCTYIIY

Ho1rrrri,

CJiaraHHe",

KiHU:i

3aKiHqeHHJI

3a3HaqaJIHCJI

K.

HayKH

Krrac.

lliCJIJI

pOJib

B

,HaqaJIO

qHTaHHJI

pychKoro,

Ta6JIHqHoe".

IIepiiiHtt

li

3)

HiMeU:hKO€";

IIHCaHHJI

Hoe

1)

BliBqaJIH:

,II03HaHHe

CbKO€,

Ha

3

CaM6ipCbKOrO

CeMeHapHott" Bi.[(

ToM

MOJKHa

CTe6HHKa

CTpaKTY

cirrhChKHX

IlpuKapnammR.

B

6yrro n:epKBi

n:epKBi

3HaHb,

HaBqaTH

yqHiB

IIi.[(

qac

36epira€TbCJI

Ha3BOIO

tt

,IIIKiJIKa"

fyn:yrrhiiiHHi.

BHHHKHeHHJI

icHy-

6iJihiiie

BaJKJiliBO

BipMeHChKOl

CJIOB'JI.[(OCi

B

Bli3HaqBi.[(3HaKorroHil


216

BoJtoiJuMup

6yna

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

(1715

p.)

piqHa

BipMeHCbKa

rrpoicHyBana

XIX

apil<j:>MeTilKil,

TaKO~

3HaHOMilB

Be.n:eHHJI i

IIIKOJia, 60-x

.n:o

JIKa

poKiB

Y Hili BqriTeJih -

cT.

MOBil, a

3aCHOBaHa .IJ:BO-

Bap-

reorpa<j:>il, 3 OCHOBaMil

rocrro.n:apcTBa,

TopriBni

Y rrepiiioMy KJiaci y

peMecna.

HhOrO 6yB IIOMiqHilK-aCilCTeHT

H aBqaHHJI

Bap6e.n:ir.

TpilBano

4

ro.IJ:IlHil B .n:eHh. II icJIJI 3aKiHqeHHJI n~UJof

EyiJuHoK

BIIIIl iJoJtiUJHiU J3ocKpeciHH5l KoJtoMUUUfUHi naM5zmKa Ha

UJKO!lU-iJRKiBKU

B C.

JlelfeUJJtCUH

eiJuHa

Ha

Bl,

Ey.n:arreiiiTi )]:ern. rrpo

BXO.IJ:IlJIIl TyT

y

3aBopyiiieHHJI

ryrryJihChKi

1843

qilTaTil,

p.

6yno

IIIlCaTil

Ta

B

3

cena

IIyTilJiiB,

25

TpilBiaJibHilX

,IJ:oBrorriJIJIJI, IIIKiJI,

HaBqaHHJI

B

B

B faJIIlqilHi,

OCHOBHY

pOJib

,Ha .IJ:OJiax" JIKilX .IJ:liKil ryrryJIIl

i

Ocb

B

BqilJIIl He

Ha .IJ:O-

.IJ:OKyMeHTiB

rrilX

Po3TOKil

CTaBilJIIl

IIIlTaHHJI

1836

MicrreBe

p.

rrpaBOCJiaBHiH

Ta

iHIIIi. JIIliiie

BenocJI

1843 p.

.IJ:eHarriOHaJii3arril

qilTaTil

yKpalHCbKOrO

HaCeJieHHJI.

3BaHi .IJ:liKiBChKi

3a 6orOCJIOBChKilMil

KHilraMil,

J!KIIIO

IIIKOJIIl,

TO

B

B

ropax

MaJIIl.

OKpyry,

6opiOqilCb

3a

rrpo

CTBOpeHHJI

y

.n:yxoBeHCTBO

KOHCilCTOpil rrpo

roBopilB:

rriJIOl

Hi-

lliKOJIIl Ha EyKOBil-

rro.n:ano Bi.IJ:KpilTTJI

ryrryJIIl

CBOl

rrpaBa,

CBOlX

CeJiaX

IIIKiJI.

rrporro3IlrriiO qQTilpbOX

,Mil,

OKpyril,

rri.n:.n:aHi

III06

HaM

3

IInocKil,

6yno

B~e

B

EyKOBilHChKiH: rrapa<j:>iJIJibHilX

rrepe.n:anil

.IJ:03BOJieHO

PychKO-

HeO.IJ:HOpa30BO

O.IJ:Hie1 TpilBiaJihHOl IIIKOJIIl. CaM JlyK'JIH Ko6IlJIIlrrJI Ha .IJ:OIIIlTi 11

iMeHi

KY.IJ:Il

HaBqaJIIl

IIIKonax

qoMy rri.n: qac ceJIJIHChKoro pyxy Ha EyKOBilHi

KilMIIOJIYH3hKoro

rrpo

oKpy3i,

6yJIIl p03Ca.IJ:HilKaMil KaTOJIIliiil3MY i Bi.IJ:irpaBaJIIl

B .IJ:eJIKilX CeJiaX icHyBaJIIl TaK

Taro

OCBiTH

JIKilX

MerrhKOIO, pyMyHChKOIO a6o rroJihChKOIO MOBaMil. Hi, JIK i

IIpO.IJ:OB~yBa-

fYrrYJihiiiilHi

PychKO-KilMIIOJIYH3hKOMY

paxyBaTil.

yqHi

Bi.n:Hi.

EyKOBilHChKiH Bi.IJ:Y€MOCJI

ceJIJIHChKe

3.IJ:i6Hi

CTaH

0

KY!lbmypu

XVIII em.

Fyu,yJtbUfUHi

KyTaX

• II Til HaBqaHHJI B qepHiBrrJIX, JlbBO-

maKoco poiJy

icmopif ma

B

MO~JIIlBiCTb

MaJIIl

u,epKBi XpucmOBOi!O

-

IIIKOJIIl

rrpoxaHHJI

36y.IJ:yBaTil

i

rpy.IJ:HJI Bi.IJ:

IIIKOJIY,


ImocmpoeaHa II(06

Haiiii

icmopi5l .[(iTII

ITJiaTIITII.

IIIKOJIII

Ha

.[(JIJI

ITOTpi6Hi

TaK,

ITapa<j:>iJIJihHi

B

cepe.[(IIHi

Ha

~0

JIK

y

u;epKBaX ,ITIICaHe",

B

c.

mo

3erreHa)

KHIIrii

iHIIIIIX

u;epKOBHi

1757

pp.

HIIKiB y

R

B

CTapiiX JIOChKiR

51

XTO BO

BII.[(aHb

a

B

icHyBarrii

u;epKOBHO-

IIIKOJii

C.

5J:CIIHJI

i

JIKi

JIK

6yJIII

1753-1757 KHIIrii:

3Bi.[(y-

-

Y KHIIr

B

ITOXO.[(IIJIII

3

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII

C.

KyTII ,ITII-

,ITIICaHIIR",

.[(eJIKIIX

3a3HaqeHO

ry-

B

MiHeJI

51pMorraR

iH.

pyKOITIICpp.

B

ITIICaHIIR",

ITIICaHIIX

Ta

B

cerrax

C.

y

IlpoKy-

aKTaX,

MaR2Ke

XY-XYI

CT.

(YTopoiTII,

BIIHIIKHeHHJIM

6paTCTBi,

TIO.IJ:iB,

Ha

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

JIKIIX

72

CIO.IJ:II

p.

1606

yKpalHChKIIR KHIIrii

caMi

ITPII

Ha

fyu;yJihll(IIHy.

Ha.[(pyKOBaHi

y

ITOTpaiTJIJIJIII

KHIIrii

Iloqa€Ba, OITIIci

KHIIry,

(To.[(i

TYT

CeMeH

fyu;yJihll(IIHy? oxoqe

JlbBOBi, 3

21 iHIIIIIX HaBiTh

u;epKBII

Ha.[(pyKOBaHy

ITpau;IOBaB

ITO

ITpiiMip-

KpiiJIOCa

~eJIJITIIHChKOl

JlaBpi

1753

3

255

HaJiiqyBaJIOCb

ITpii

qepHiroBi,

6yJIII

.IJ:PYKap

ryu;yrrii

YHeBi,

TaK02K

5J:pMOJiaR p.

.[(pyKapeHb

KII€Bo-IleqepchKiR faJIIIqi,

3aB03IITIICb

3

1753

l(i

Ta

oqeBII.[(HO,

MiCTi

BIIJIBJieHO

mo

i

Po2KHiB

KHIIrO.[(pyKapeHb

3aB03IIB

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

KHIIrii,

KHIIrii

B

pyKOITIICHi

MOHaCTIIpliX

YHeBi.

B

.IJ:PYKOBaHi

Ha

,ITIICaHi".

KHIIr, B

.IJ:PYKapHi

cBi.[(qaTh,

HeCITpOM02KHi

.IJ:Bi

OCBiTII,

u;epKOBHi

54

u;epKBax

IToqaJIII cerri

83 -

TaK,

i

,ITIICaHe

CTaBpoiTiriRChKOMY

KHIIrii

TarraHOBIITIIR

l(e

,ny.[(OBa

TaK02K

.[(iJirro

.[(iTeR,

Bi3IITaTopa,

KHIIrO.[(pyKyBaHHJI

MOHaCTIIpCbKIIX MocKBII.

TaK

KiJihKa TaKIIX

iHIIIIIX

6yJIII

u;epKOBHIIX

KII€Bi,

ITO

ITpaBOCJiaBHIIX

y

56

p03BIITKY

PyHrypii,

,ITIICaHi",

p03BIITKOM

JlnBiBChKOMY Ta

MII

cerrax

PaxoBi

,.[(epeB'JIHiR .[(aBHiR",

6yrrii

3ra.[(KII,

3

3aJIBIIJIII:

arre

CaMi

HaM

BqiiTeJiiB".

,.IJ:PYKOBaHIIR

€BaHrerri€

u;epKOBl(i

KHIIrii

51pMorraR

MapKiBu;i,

36epiraJIOCJI

paBJI B

6y.[(eMO II(06

KpaR.

3YCTpiqa€MO

YTopoiTII

u;epKBaX

BCi

cerrax

piBeHb

u;epKOBHOrO

€BaHrerri€ B

B

KHIIrO.[(pyKyBaHHJI

.[(aHIIMII

U:YJihChKIIX

caHa"

OKpyrii

.[(eJIKIIX

cT.

pyKOITIICHi,

l(eR

BIIHIIKHeHHJI 3a

B

JIKIIX HaBqaJIOCJI

HII3hKIIR

l(iHyBaJIII

3aB03IIJIIICb

HIIMII.

TiJihKII

.[(iTeR.

He3Ba2KaiOqlf Hea6IIJIK

B

u;i€1

yTpiiMaHHJI

XIX

BqiiTeJIJIM

KOpiiCHOIO,

fyu;yrrhll(IIHi

IIIKOJIII,

25

HaBqaJIOCh

CeJIJIHII

Ha

a

ITi.[(i6paJIII,

Ha.[(3BifqaRHO

3aKapiTaTChKiR

IIIKOJIII.

ciJih

3rO.[(OM

217

3

BqlfTIICJI,

ITpiiMill(eHHJI

HaC

KOIIITII,

ToM

M02KJIIIBiCTb

B2Ke 0.[(HaK

6yrra

3i6paTII

MaJIII

MII

.[(03BOJieHo".

IlpuKapnammR.

B

cepe.[( Kpii-

crraBH03BiCHIIR

Ey.IJ:3IIHa). ~eJIKi

KyiTyBarrii

<j:>aKTII

KHIIrii

3a

ITepeKOHJIIIcBo1

rporni


218

BoJtoiJuMup

i ,!(apyBaJIII lX MiCifeBIIM

MOHaCTIIpliM Ta IfepKBaM.

CBi,!(qeHHJI tt rrpo Te, XTO rrepeiTIICyBaB IIi c.

fopo,!(

6irrJI

pyKorriicHa

KocoBa

KHIIra

,IIIIcaB IfiO poKy

M.

Ha

rroqaTKY

,IIocTHhrtt

3

3HaXO,!(IIMO OKpeMi

KHIIrii a6o KyrryBaB. TaK, y

XVII

Tpiio,!("

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

cT.

BIIJIBJieHa IfepKOBHa

HarriicoM,

JIKIItt

3acBi!l:qyBaB:

KHIIry peKoMyro TpiiOJl: pa6 6oJKitt ,!(iJIK Teo,!(op

Ha IfepKOBHitt KHII3i

1639 p. y JlbBOBi,

,Tpeo<j:>orrorioH", BII,!(aHitt y

JIKa 36epirarracJI B KOCiBChKitt IfepKBi (1655), 6yB HaiTIIC: )l,eHIICOB rioH,

II3 5J:ceHOBa II3

BII,!(aHy y JlbBOBi

MO€My.

IIorroBIIq

1604".

EoJKiJI

MoHaCTIIp

qepeMOIIIHa ropHOH

KYITIIB

,€peMiii CIIH

KHIIry Tpe<j:>OJIO-

1639 ,!(0 xpaMy feopriJI ... ITO HeBOJibHIIKY 6paTa

3y6oJKarr

MecHitt

KocoBChKitt

-

cnoro,!(HJI

IfepKBa

CB. TpOHifi, KOTOpbiH 6paT <j:>yH,!(OBaJI JlyKaiii IliipKyrra6". )l,arri <j:>yH,!(aTOp Bi,!(3HaqaB: ro

xpaMy

CBJITOH

(B

KocoBi).

1680

Y

,)l,aro ciro KHIIry ,!(0 CBJITOrO MOHaCTIIpli HIIKOJiaeBCKO-

rrepeHeceHiJI

p.

rrpiiCTOJihHO€

Momitt

IlaKIIJieq

3ra,!(y€TbCJI, €BaHrerri€" i

Taro

JKe

BaTaMaH

lifO

lEaH

CBJIToro

rrpii

Tott

o6IITerrii

II3 5J:ceHOBa". BoCOBifq

KYITIIB

,Ha-

KHIIry

,,!(aB ero Jl:O xpaMy rrpiiCBJITott Eoropo,!(II-

IIi IloKpOBII ,!(0 Cerra KyTOB, ,!(aB CII 3a OTITYIIfeHi€ CBOIIX rpeXOB II 3a pO,!(IITeJIII 3 XVI HIIH

CBOII".

cT.

IJ,ett

HaiTIIC

6yB

Ha

pyKOITIICHOMY

(6orrrapcbKoro rroxo,!(JKeHHJI).

PoMaH

KYITIIB Jl:O

xpaMy

B

qeTBepO€BaHrerril

1686 p. KociBChKIItt Mima-

Pi3,!(Ba XpiicToBoro

B c.

KHIIry 6yrra

CTapiitt

KociB

,ArrocTorr", JIKa BII,!(aHa

y

<j:>e,!(o-

piBChKitt ,!\pyKapHi

rrpii

CTaBporririttchKOMY 6paTCTBi

11

y

JlbBOBi.

1720 p.

rrroToro

ryiiyrr

IoaH

Xapa6apa

KYITIIB y Ko p Hifqi KHIIry y

,ArrocTorr",

1695

p.

IJeqepChKitt ITO,!(apyBaB eealli!efli€

3

1674 p.,

36epicaJOmbc5l

CbOcoiJHi

cmapOBUilllUX

u,epKBaX

cB. npUMipllUKU B

B

BII,!(aHy KII€BO-

JlaBpi, xpaMy

MIIxattrra B c.

YTo-

JlKUX

6acambox Fyu,yflbU(UilU

porrii. TaKi <j:>aKTII HeITOO,!(IIHOKi.


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

lJ,iKaBO, 1x", c.

JIKa

II(O

PiqKa

Ha

rrepeiiiiCaHa KociBII(IIHi.

u;epKBII

<l>irrill(eHKO KYIIIIB Y

B C.

c.

1738 p.

BeJIIIKIIM BoHa

fopo.IJ:

u;epKBi

IJiCTIIHh,

1749

3ra.IJ:y€TbCJI

HaiiiByCTaBOM

6yrra

KyrrrreHa

6irrJI

YcrriHHJI,

B

219

3

KocoBa.

€BaHrerri€ .IJ:JIJI u;epKBII

cTapoBIIHHiH:

TIIHhKII

ToM

B .IJ:OKyMeHTaX IIi.IJ:

6yrra

,.IJ:epeB'JIHOl

IlpuKapnammR.

CB.

BIIJIBJieHO

,0KT0-

ryl(yJihCbKOMY

15

3a

3JIOTIIX

1746

B

HIIKIITa

MIIxa1rra B C.

PyHrypii.

Ha 6epe3i p.

€BaHreJii€

3

rrepe.IJ:arra rricTIIHChKiH: EKOHOMiqHi IIOIIIIIpeHHIO

r aJIIfqlfHII

3B 'JI3KII

KHIIr

u;epKBi. fyl(yJihll(IIHII

ITO

BCiH

3 YKpa1HoiO IloKyTTJI.

TepiiTOpil

1887 p. IIIICaB:

A.

TOpryiOqlf CiJIJIIO B M.

crrpiiJIJIII

3HaqHoMy

Bi.IJ:OMIIH

.IJ:OCJii.IJ:HIIK

,:IKIITeJii

IlpiiKaprraTTJI,

KII€Bi, KyrryBaJIII TaM l(epKOBHi KHIIrii, TOMY B

ripCbKIIX l(epKBaX 3YCTpiqa€TbCJI .IJ:Y2Ke 6araTO BII.IJ:aHb KII€Ba i MocKBII.

TaK,

Ha

qacocrroBi

1770 p. 6yB TaKIIH HaiiiiC:

B

u;epKBi

, CTe <j:> aH

KYIIIIB

1764

p.

py6JibOB

rpa.IJ:e

Ha Ilo.IJ:orri 3 KOMOpii .IJ:O xpaMy

50

Crro6o.IJ:e

.IJ:aHIIMII

A.

qacocrroB Tpii

i3.IJ:(.IJ:aHIIJI)

MOHeTII

PyHrypcKoH:,

IleTpyiiieBIIqa,

c.

B

Crro6o.IJ:II

KII€Bo-IJeqepcbKo1

pycKOH

B

KII€Bi

HeB , BII.IJ:aHIIH B MocKBi y MapKiBl(i

TIIH

u;epKBi

06II(aJI"

1721

3YCTpiqa€MO

B

p.

JlaBpii

6orocrracaeMOM

Po2K.IJ:eCTBa rrpiicB.

BpyqeHo ...

Eoropo.IJ:IIU:i

1770 MecJiu;a aBrycTa".

36epirarracJI

1680 p., ,AIIOCTOJI", BII.IJ:aHIIH B KII€Bi y

BII.IJ:aHa

HaBiTh

PyHrypcbKOl

fpii.IJ:2KIIH, CIIH 2KIITeJIJI Crro60.IJ:II

PyHrypcbKOl

cerre

IIic-

HaiiiiCOM:

KrroBaHoBa Kyrriirra l(IO KHIIry, BII.IJ:aHy B 1690 p. y JlnBOBi,

AHacTa3iJI

B

.IJ:JIJI

p.

po3TaiiioBaHiH:

p.

KHIIra

B

,MiHeJI

1695 p.

3a

06maJI" ,llieCTO.IJ:-

B cyci.IJ:Hix u;epKBax cirr Morro.IJ:JI-

KII€BO-IJeqepChKi

BII.IJ:aHHJI:

(1680), ,AKa<j:>icT" (1709), ,AIIOCTOJI" (1722),

,MiHeJI

,TpiO.IJ: l(BiT-

HIIII" (1723), ,qaCOCJIOB" (1724), ,TpiO.IJ: IIiCHIIII", BII.IJ:aHIIH B qepHiroBi

B TpOll(hKO-IrrrriHChKOMY

MOHaCTIIpi

(1685).

2. HayKa HarrpiiKiHu;i l(iKaBJIJITbCJI HIIKII,

XVIII

BqeHi,

XY.IJ:02KHIIKII.

MaTepiarr 2KypHarrax, qy.IJ:OBOrO

.IJ:JIJI

cBo1x

HayKoBIIX KpaiO

-

y

rrepiiiiH:

rrorroBIIHi

IIpiipO.IJ:03HaBl(i, 3

iCTOpil

rrpau;h,

l(hOrO

JIKi

36ipHIIKax.

3arOBOpiiJIII

XIX

iCTOpiiKII, KpaiO

rry6rriKyBarrii II p o

BCIO.IJ:II.

cT.

fyu;yrrhll(IIHOIO

eTHOrpa<j:>II,

BOHII

IIIICbMeH-

qeprraJIII

6araTIIH

B ToroqacHIIX

ra3eTax,

icTopiiO

KYJihTYPY

l(horo


220

BoJtoiJuMup

BcecTopoHHiM eTHOrpa<j:>II,

BIIBqeHHJIM

iCTOpil

rrpiipO!J:03HaBel(h BiH

O,[(HIIM

3aHMaBCJI

EaJibTa3ap

rrpo<j:>ecop

faKe

MaTepian

rrpiipO!J:HIIX

JlnBiBCbKOrO

(1739-1815

3 rrepiiiiiX HayKOBl(iB rro6yBaB

yHiKaJihHIIH

11

fyu;ynhll(IIHII,

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

pp.).

yHiBepCIITeTy,

Y

1791-1794 pp.

Ha fyl(yJihll(IIHi, ,[(e

3 rrpiipO!J:03HaBCTBa,

rro6yTy,

icTopil i

KyBaB H:oro y qoTIIpiiTOMHiH: rrpau;i me B KiHu;i XVIII cT. Bi):(KpiiJia

HOBi

CTOpiHKII

iCTOpil

i

6araTCTB,

KYJihTypii

ryl(yJiiB.

3i6paB orry6ni-

ll,JI KHIIra

IJ,iHHi

H:oro

rpa<j:>iqHi 3aMaJihOBKII (, TaHel(h rroKyTchKIIX orrpiiiiiKiB", ,IIoKyTJIHIIH i IIOKYTJIHKa",

,faJIIIq",

,qepHiBl(i" Ta iH.),

BMill(eHi B ,[(O,[(aTKaX ,[(0

KHIIrii. Horo rrpau;JI, BII):(aHa y H!OpH6ep3i, ,[(ana 3Mory II03HailoMIITII 3

ryu;ynaMII

3aXi!J:HO€BporreH:cbKoro

Y 20-30-X poKaX Ha fyl(yJihll(IIHi

K.

rry6nil(IICTII

Y

30-X

poKaX

MeHHIIK i BqeHIIH

rro6yBaJIII IIOJibChKi

K.

MineBChKIIH

,[(eJIKi CIIOCTepe2KeHHJI,

qifTaqa.

ByH:u;il(hKIIH,

II(O MaJIII TeH,[(eHl(iHHe

B l(bOMY lEaH

Kpal

rro6yBaB

BariiJieBIIq.

,[(BOpliHChKi

JIKi

orry6niKyBaJIII

CIIpJIMyBaHHJI.

Bi):(OMIIH

raJIIIl(bKIIH

IIIICb-

BiH HarriicaB crreu;iaJihHY rrpau;10

rrpo icTopi!O i rro6yT fyu;ynhll(IIHII, JIKa !J:O l(horo qacy 36epirae CBOIO l(iHHiCTb. KYJihTypy

lcTopi!O

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

BifBqaB

TaK02K

raJIIIl(hKIIH

rrpo-

CBiTIITeJib, IIIICbMeHHIIK i BqeHIIH J!KiB fOJIOBal(bKIIH. B 183 5-18 39 pp. ):(JIJI

!J:OCKOHanoro

BIIBqeHHJI

IIpiiKaprraTTJI

BiH

rro6yBaB

y

6araThOX

MiCl(JIX fyl(yJihll(IIHII i 3i6paB l(iHHi MaTepiaJIII 3 iCTOpil, eTHOrpa<j:>il i HapO):(HOl TBopqocTi, HIIX rriceHb

JIKi

y3araJibHIIB

i

3aKaprraTTJI,

faJIIfqlfHII

oKpeMIIM BII):(aHHJIM.

y IIIIIpOKOMY BCTyrri ,[(0 HapO):(II(O 6yJIII

3rO,[(OM orry6JiiKOBaHi

IIpau;JI 6yna orry6niKoBaHa B MocKBi, i u:e ):(aJio

M02KJIIIBiCTh pociH:cbKOMY qifTaqeBi 03HailoMIITIICJI 3 icTopieiD i KYJihTypo!O Y

fyl(yJihll(IIHII.

po3BIITKY KYJihTYPII

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

KiHU:JI XVIII -

rrepiiio1 rrono-

BIIHII XIX CT.

Ba2KJIIIBIIM € TOll <j:>aKT, II(O BORa MaJia CBOrO iCTOpii-

Ka-JiiTOIIIICl(JI.

ll,e

!J:IIBCJI

B

1797

IIp02KIIB y C.

p.

6yB B

IIeTpo

IBaHOBIIq

ryu;ynhChKOMY

npycTypii, ,[(e i

ceni

CTyrrHIIl(hKIIH, YToporrii.

JIKIIH

Bee

Hapo-

2KIITTJI

BiH

IIOMep B 1886 p.

)l:o HaiiiiiX qaciB ):(iHIIIJIO ,[(Ba H:oro TBOpii. 0,[(IIH 3 HIIX -

MeMyapHa

XpOHiKa rrpo rrepe6yBaHHJI K03al(TBa Ha nyKOBIIHi B 1771 p., HaiiiiCaHa qiTKIIM

rroqepKOM

TypCbKOl rrapa<j:>il. CaJI

IIeTp

Ha KiJihKOX CTOpiHKaX MeTpiiKaJibHOl KHIIrii

npyc-

llepe):( OIIIICOM CTOlTb TaKa IIpiiMiTKa aBTOpa:

, llii-

CTyrrHIIl(KIIH

-

rrpiiXO!J:HIIK

B EpycTypax

1825

ro,[(a".


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

221

3

}J:pyriiH TBip IleTpa CTyiTHIIIibKOrO BIIJIBJieHO B 60JIOTOBi KonoMIIHChKoro paH:oHy. Ho1 XaTII.

ll,e

CBO€pi.IJ:HIIH

.IJ:Ollirri po3MipoM 65x35 caHIIH

iepeeM

.IJ:Y2Ke

rriHHi

BaJIIICJI

B

y M.

3a-

Horo 3Haii.IJ:eHo B rri.IJ:Bani po3i6pa-

JiiTOITIIC

apKylli

rrarrepy,

HaKJie€HIIH

Ha

cM. Ha3BaHIIH BiH aBTopoM ,IlaM'JITHIIK,crrii-

IleTpoM

, IlaM'JITHIIKy"

1957 p.

CTyrrHIIrrhKIIM, rrapoxoM

XpOHOJIOriqHoMy

ITOpli.IJ:KY

B

EpycTypax".

3aiTIICaHi

KOpOTKi,

Y aJie

iCTOpiiqHi Bi.IJ:OMOCTi rrpo HaHBa2KJIIIBirni ITO.IJ:il, JIKi Bi.IJ:6y-

Ha

fYrrYJihlliiiHi

B

faJIIfqfiHi

3

1671

3HaXO.IJ:IIMO .IJ:aHi rrpo 3acHyBaHHJI EpycTypiB, rrpo ryrryJiiB, .IJ:i3Ha€MOCb rrpo XVIII

rroqaTKY

EoH:qyKa,

MapycJIKa,

BO€HHO-ITOJiiTifqHi iHrni iCTOpiiqHi

XIX

cT.,

ITO.IJ:il,

1849

pp.

TyT

p03BIITOK OITpiilliKiBCbKOrO pyxy KiHrrJI rrpo

.IJ:iJIJihHiCTh

lliTOJIIOKa Ta iH.,

<j:>aKTII,

ITO

rreprny ITIIChMOBY 3ra.IJ:KY

CTIIXiHHi JIIIXa, JIKi Ba2KKO

,cnaBHIIx"

BaTa2KKiB

rrpo peKpyTqiiHY (,6paHKy"), rrpo

CTapOBIIHHi

ITOBip'JI Ta

3HaHTII B .IJ:OKyMeHTaX qfi MeMya-

pax. IcTopiiqHi OITIICiB

a6o

.IJ:aHi 3

piK 3a pOKOM CJii.IJ:aMII

XVII-XVIII

rrepeKa3iB

3p06JieHi aBTOpOM

CBi2KIIX

aBTop a

qeprraB

3

3

.IJ:OKyMeHTiB

rroqaTKY XIX

Ha OCHOBi

cT.

Ta

3arriicii

BJiaCHIIX CITOCTepe2KeHb,

ITO.IJ:iH.

HeBeJIIIqKi TBOpii <j:>aKTiB

cT.

CTap02KIIJiiB,

3HaqHo

IleTpa CTyrrHIIrrhKoro MicTJITh 6araTo HeBi.IJ:OMIIX

36araqyroTh

icTopiro

Kparo

XVIII-XIX

cT.

3. Ycua uapo,21,ua TBopqicTh. KoJIOMHHKH JliTepaTypHa TBopqicTb BIIJIB B ycHiH

Y

<j:>onhKnopi

2KaHpii,

JIK

6yB

rrpOCTIIH

repOlB,

fYrrYJihiifiiHII

icTopiiqHi,

rrepeKa3II,

JiereH.IJ:II,

HapO.IJ:,

p03ITOBi.IJ:aB

HaH:6iJihlli

HapO.IJ:HIIX

MaC

fYrrYJihiifiiHII

3HaHlliJia CBiH

HapO.IJ:HiH TBopqocTi. XVII-XVIII

OITOBi.IJ:aHHJI, JIKIIH rrpo

cT.

corriaJibHo-rro6yToBi,

6ynii

rrorniipeHi

nipiiqHi

rricHi,

CITiBaHKII-KOJIOMIIHKII.

BIIpa2KaB

y

lX

HIIX CBOl rroqyTTJI,

TBOprreM OCITiByBaB

CBOIO .IJ:OJIIO.

ITOlliiipeHIIM

y HapO.IJ:HiH

TBopqocTi

ryrryJiiB

6yB

CI02KeT

rrpo orrpiirnKiB, HaiiBII.IJ:aTHirnoro 1x BaTa2KKa OneKcy )J:oB6yrna, ITO Tie pe.IJ:HIIKiB ChKIIH

KII

HaCTYITHIIKiB.

pyx

6opoTb6II

rriJia

erroxa

Hapo.IJ:y rrpoTII

BIIXO.IJ:IIJIII

3

TaKi

6ana.IJ:II,

B

rre icTopil

He

BIIITa.IJ:KOBO,

fYrrYJihiifiiHII,

a.IJ:2Ke

JICKpaBIIH

<j:>eo.IJ:aJihHO-KpirrocHIIrrhKoro rHiTy.

cepe.IJ:OBIIma ITOHeBOJieHoro

HapO.IJ:Y,

H:oro

OITpiilliKiBrrpOJIB

Orrpiirn-

3aXIImaJIII

H:oro


222

BoJtoiJuMup

iHTepeCH, BaJIH

IIOCTiHHO CIIiJIKyBaJIHCJI

BCi

He3rO)J:li,

Ba2KKO

TOMY

3'JicyBaTH,

rrepeKa3H

rrpo

i

KOJIH

EirrororroBoro, II(HHi Micu;e CeMH

B

IBaHa

XVIII

3aH:Ma€ poKiB

IIOTpaiiHB

HapO)J:HiH

TBopqocTi.

HaH:rrorryrrJipHiiiia i

2KaX

repOJI

Ha

rrepe2KH-

<j:>OJibKJIOpi. orroBi)J:aHHJI

BOHR

B2Ke

ycix

orroBi)J:aHh

icHyBarrH.

IIOKH l(iJie

KHHr,

Hail)J:aBHiiiia rricHJI

, OH:,

CTOJiiTTJI

Ma€

JICKpaBO

B

cT.

2KliB

3erreHeHhKHil",

BHpa2KeHi

rrpo

IIOJIOBHHi

36Hpaqi

HapO!J:HOl rroqarrH

rry6rriKyBaTH.

2KaHp

yKpalHChKliX

CeHb,

JIK

3aH:Ma€ TaKHH HapO!J:HliX

KOJIOMHHKH,

KOBHHi. HOK

Ilepiiii

3aiiHCli

IIOJIBliJiliCJI

XIX

cT.

B

0)J:eCbKa,

5J:KOBa

Y !J:OCJii)J:2KeHHi 3p06JieHO

KliM

eTHorpa<j:>oM

fHaTIOKOM.

EmHoceHe3,

cau

KllUcU 3eJteHellbKui1.

noUiupeHH5l,

(JeaHo-f/>paHKiBCbK,

eapia11mu

2000)

Jili

I.

JIKHH

raJIHl(b-

Borro)J:HMHpoM

1905-1907 pp.

HHM B

<l>paHKO

3

KOJIOMHHOK 6a-

Bi)J:OMHM

orry6rriKOBaHHH

KOJIOMHHOK,

cepe!J:HHi Bau;rraBa

fOJIOBal(bKOrO.

raTO

6yB

Ey-

KOJIOMH-

B

36ipKax

IIi-

Hail6iJihiii

IIOIIIHpeHHH Ha 3aKaprraTTi i

noniiJ

pliCli

6arra)J:H.

orrpHIIIKiB

Oco6rrHBe Micu;e

06KJtaiJUHKa

y

)l,oB6yiiia

rrepiiiiH

rrepiiii

TBopqocTi

H

BaTa2KOK

BiH

IIiCJIJI TpariqHQl 3arH6erri

Y2Ke XIX

rrpoTJiroM

rrpo

rrorri!l: rail

6yrra CKJia)J:eHa

fyu;yJihll(HHi

JIKHH

CJiaBeTHliH

OIIOBi)J:aHb

rriceHh

u;eHTparrhHe

icTo pHKO -rrereH)J:a pRo 1

,Ou,

H:

3apO!J:HJIHCJI Ha fyu;yrrh-

OrreKca )l,oB6yiii,

<j:>eo)J:aJiiB.

CTO piHKli

Cepe!J:

Ha

cT.

6e3CYMHiBHO,

repoH: Ha

Ha !l:YMKY !J:OCJii)J:HHKiB,

HapO!J:HOrO

B XYII-XYIII

rricHi,

orrpHIIIKiBChKHX

rrereH)J:apHHH

OIIpliiiiKiB

JIKa,

Cepe!J:

HaBO!J:liB

rrepiiii

3 HliM

CJii)J: y

fHaTIOKa orroBi)J:aHHJI rrpo IIHHTIO, BaTa2KKa

EoH:qyKa,

cT.

pa30M

rrrH60KliH

3'JIBHJIHCJI

orrpHIIIKiB, Ta

HaBe)J:eHi B rry6rriKau;il B.

3 HapO!J:OM,

3aJIHIIIliJili

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

TpliTOMHliK

BliCOKO Ol(iHH-

M.

Kou;I06HH-

ChKHH. B 36ipHHKY BMill(eHO 9.000 KOJIOMHHOK faJIHqliHli.

3

pi3HliX

)l,ocJii)J:HHKiB

TepHTOpiH: l(iKaBHJili


ImocmpoeaHa

.,.

., ..

icmopiR

··-·· .. ,..,.. . . ·- ..,.._ 'f• ~-" , .............

'lot

,.,_.,

,,,,

•• ,

J(oe6yUJ

••-• "'I"'"

,,,..,.

'"""''

, •

ltf

,,.,

,Ou,

cau

qac

lX

.[(0

CBOel

Ha

MYCIIJIII

B2Ke

6yTII,

Bau:naB

3anecKIIH

yBa2KaE

KOJIOMIIHKY

rrepe.[( Ha

HIIX

PYKII".

CT.,

TO

3BepHyTO

Ha3B.

nonid

Y

KOJIII

B

HOBIIM

B

He

20-x

He

M02KHa

pa3i

poKaX

BIITBOpOM.

3

XIX

O.[(HO

CTOJiiTE

3HaEMO

Ta

pa3i

IIOKII

BOHII

rrpocni.IJ:IITII i

lX

3a.[(JIJI

XVIII

MOrJIII

lX

Ilpo<j:>ecop

JIK

IIIICaB

6paKy

CT.

2KIITTJI,

MYCIIJIII

6II

-

3po6IITII

KOJIII

IIOHa.[(TO,

KHUcu

BIITBOp!OBaTIICJI

KiHu;eM

,Ta

piqqJO,

6yno

crriBpo6iTHIIKII".

Ka2K.[(iM

yBary

cnoro

3

3e!leHeHbKuu".

OcmarjJiulfyK

Ba2KHOIO

BOHII

nycmumu

PucyHoK

cau

I.

fHaTJOK, rroqaJIII

K02KHiM

H:oro

MII

,,IJ:y2Ke

B.

KOJIII

2KaJih,

II(OHaHMeHIIIe

HOBIIMII.

XIX

.--....

,<\,''

eidMOB!lflembcfl

,Oii,

rry6JiiKauji:

.[(2Kepen.

co6010

••• ..._

~\.~...

.oiW,IIIll'l'l

Xyd.

KOJIOMIIHOK,

Bi.IJ:IIOBi.IJ:HIIX

3a

W.WO

J(oe6yfua do xamu.

3e!leHeHbKuu".

o6cTaBIIHax.

TaKIIMII

J(3BiHKa

3 KHUcu

IIOX0.[(2KeHHJI

CTapOBIIHHiCTb JIKIIX

lilt> .. - ... -

'"''-'' -.. .i

'n~tt.J

OcmarjJiulfyK

IIOJIBII

BCTyrri

I

npocumbcfl

PucyHoK

I.

223

,..."l\ . . . >

mo65z3HO

nonid

3

ToM

....... "1\•lli'

do J(3BiHKU.

Xyd.

y

IIpuKapnammfl.

cT.

IIpii

BOHII

3aiiiiCyBaTII M.

CyMU:OB

KOJIOMIIHKII

qifCJIJITb

He

M02KHa

.[(OBrO

icHyBaTII IIOIIaJIII

BOHII

.[(OBriiH

Ha3IIBaTII icHyBaJIII qac,

3aiiiiCyBaqaM

KOJIII IIi.[(


224

BoJtoiJuMup

B.

fHaTJoK

ll:oK,

3arrepeqye JUMKY

CTBep)12KyJOqlf,

3)1aBHa. Moro

IIJI

J1YMKa

B.

KiHU:JI

IIiCHi BIIfJIJI)1i, TOqHo

3pa30K

aJie

BOHII

Hell(0)1aBHO

3

orriicyJOqlf i

0)1IIH

11 KYIIJieT

JiaTIIHCbKIIMII Boday Szczo lie XVII

choczesz

me

)1ell(O

KYIIJieT

Bi)1o-

BII)1aHIIH

Xoq

y

HhOMY

rrepeKpyqeHOMY i

KOJIOMIIHKII

faJIIIl(bKIIH

Eoropo)1qaHII(IIHi, B

aKTOBY

ty

hreczanyci

KHIIry,

He

MaJIII

1704

3

rp0)1CbKIIH

3BepHyB

ll(O

B.

y

ztowarem

XVI

6IIqKa"

rpeqaH01

IIi)1

CTepJIIICJI.

yBary

3MiCT JIKOfO

3

MIIHKII

CT01Th,

cT.

1x

6o

M02KJIIIBe,

JIKIIMII

oqeBII)1HO,

aJie 3

IIpliBOJ1Y

)10Ka3iB

B.

B

6IIqoK

faJIIfqlfHi

iHIIIi

He

xoqe

1cTII

HaCTiJibKII

rriceHHi

CTBep)12KY€, p03Mip

fHaTJOK

B

Ha

3B 'JI3KY Te

He

3

ll(O

p03Mipii

Ha

3aiiaHyBaB

CTaJIII Mall:2Ke

fyl(yJibll(IIHi

l(iJIKOBIITO.

I

IIIICaB, 3

ll(O

Ha3BOIO

Ma€MO

TaK

,Ha3Ba

MiCTa CaMO,

KoJIOMII1 rroqaJia p03IIIIIp!OBaTIICJI,

B

IIiCHi

i

Ha

Ko-

KOJIO-

KoJIOMIIl... JIK

B

Ha3Ba

BOHO

Te,

ll(O

JIKIIX HaiipJIMKaX

i

IIIJIJIXaMII".

MII He rrpeTeH)1Y€MO Ha OCTaToqHe l(i€1 Ha3BII, HJI.

B

ryu;ynhChKIIll:

(rpeqaHIIU:i).

BIIJIIIBOM

fHaTJOK

fyl(yJibll(IIHII

CKJia)1aq

BOBKOM,

COJIOMII

isty.

rracTyXaMII

11

KOJIOMIIHKII

KOJIOMIIHCbKIIH

l(bOfO

BORa JIKpa3

Ha

rrepe)1aB

,KOJIOMIIHKa", JIK 3a3HaqaJOTb OKpeMi )10CJii)1HIIKII, IIOX0)1IITb Bi)1 M. JIOMIIl.

p. Till-

peristy

CTBOpeHa

y

3ayBa2KyJOTb:

IIiCHi

byczku

KOJIOMIIHKa,

(TOBapoM)

IIOIIYJIJipHIIMII, 30BCiM

zily

,rrepicToro

)l,ocJii)1HIIKII

Hap0)1HiH

Ha

paHiiiie

rracTyx JIJIKa€ XYJ1060JO

6yB

IIpliCBJiqeHi KOXaHHIO

fyl(yJibll(IIHII.

3aiiiiCaB

wowcy

HaH)1aBHiiiia a6o

KOJIII

6yKBaMII:

tebe ne

T06TO

rry6niKau;ieJO

p.,

y

KOJIOMII-

CT.",

IIOX0)12KeHHJI.

BIIJIBJieHO

<j:liJihBapoK

XIX

qopTopiill:CbKIIX.

BMill(eHO

OCHOBHOMY 6yJIII

6yJIO

1913

B

6i6nioTeKII

TepiiTOpi1

HOBiTHicn,

rrepe)1

rriJ1TPIIMaHa

Bo3HJIKa

TepiiTOpi1

HaMil

6e3IIOCepe)1HbO cap,

cT.

6yna

KOJIOMIIHOK

B

BII3HaqeH01

M.

CyMl(OBa rrpo

,icHyBaJIII

fHaTJOKa

XVII

Ha

M.

BOHII

JiiTepaTyp03HaBl(JI

rriceHHIIK

He1

ll(O

Fpa6oBeU,b/WU

aJie

CXIIJihHi

Ilo-rrepiiie,

BBa2KaTII,

ryu;ynhCbKa

cinh

Ha3BOIO

,KOJIOMIIHCbK01 coni" -

CbKOMY

JiiTOIIIICi.

XVII-XVIII

cT.

Ilo-)1pyre,

TIIX

ll(O

3'JicyBaHHJI IIIITaHHJI IIOX0)12KeHHJI BORa Ma€

B2Ke

B

XIII

ryl(yJibCbKe cT.

TaK 11 Ha3IIBa!OTb

KOJIOMIIlll(JIMII

coneToproBu;iB,

JIKi

B

6yna

Bi)1oMa

rri)1

faJIIIl(bKO-BOJIIIH-

Ha3IIBaJIII

TopryBaJIII

IIOX0)12KeH-

Ha

YKpa1Hi

ryu;ynhCKOJO

B

ciJIJIJO.

0T2Ke, l(iJIKOM HMOBipHO, ll(O i

,KOJIOMIIHKII" MOfJIII IIOIIIIIp!OBaTIICJI ITO

YKpa1Hi

Ba2KJIIIBoro

3

Ti€1

2K

KonoMII1

-

ToproBeJibHoro

u;eHTpy,

Ha


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

Toprax

JIKoro

Ha"

6yJIII

He

3 qfiM

B

ITO

ryu:ymr TaKi

B

HII

l(bOMY

3.[(aBHa

11

Kpami

Kpal,

l(i

MaTepiaJIII

fyl(yJihll(IIHII

B

cT.

2K

225

3

ITicHi. JIK

Ha3BII

,ryu:yn",

Ha3Ba M.

,fyu:ynhll(II-

KoJIOMIIl,

y

3B'JI3KY

Ha

KoJIOMIIHil(IIHi,

ycHa

ITpO Te,

Bi.[(o6pa2KeHa

i

Harniix

ITpiiBe pTa€

Il(O

ITOlliiipiOBaJIII

Ha TepiiTOpil

HapO.[(Ha TBopqicTb,

JIKIIX .IJ:O

JIKi

KOJIOMIIHl(i.

CBi.[(qaTb

p03BIIBaJiaCJI

XIX

cBo1

YKpalHi,

30KpeMa

3eMJIJIX

3pa3KII,

cepe.IJ:IIHII

Ha

ToM

KoJIOMIIHil(IIHII BKJia.[(aJIIICb i TOprOBl(i CiJIJIIO, i ITiCHi,

yKpalHChKIIX HaBe.[(eHi

ciTiBaJIII

Bi.[(OMi

ITOHJITTJI

CTBOpeHi

IlpuKapnammR.

yBary

.IJ:HiB

icTopiJI

BiKaMII

Kparo.

6araTroma

fyl(yJihll(II36epiraJIIICJI

IJoqiiHaroqii

3

Hapo.[(Ha

TBopqicTh

Bi.[(3HaqaJiaCJI

BIICOKIIM

.[(OCJii.[(HIIKiB.

4. ApxiTeKTypa fyl(yJihCKa

HapO.[(Ha

MIICTel(TBOM TyiTaiOTb

y

KYJihTOBIIX

TaJiaHOBIITi JII060B BIIX

.[(0

MaHCTpii

.[(epeB'JIHOl IOThCJI

Ha

BII.[(II

11

03HaKII

ITepeBa2KHO

B

6y.[(iBHIIl(TBi

HaHJICKpaBirne

B

HaH:6iJihlliOIO

XVI -

60

.[(epeB'JIHIIX

MipOIO Ta

BIIC-

xpaMax.

BIIJIBJIJIJIII

03.[(06JieHHi

6y.IJ:OBII

JIKIIX

CTapiix

cT.

3

CBOIO

KYJihTO-

0.[(HOKYITOJihHi KyTax,

,IJ:eJIJITIIHi,

IJ,e,

Eini

BORa

u:epKBII

ryl(yJihCKi

l(epKBII

MapKiBU:JIX, KocMaqi

Ta

6yJIII

KiJihKa BCe,

3a

Eepe3iB

cT.

1749

3ra.[(yiOTbCJI B

l(ep-

Eepe3iB Ta

Ilpo

1738

iH.),

u:epKBY

p.",

a

B

p.

OITIICaX

,IJ:oBroiTinni,

HaceneHIIX

B

Tpii6aHHi

HII2KHiH:,

B

BCTa-

BII.[(iB

IJeqeHi2KIIH

XVI

HaBiTh

pp.

MIICTel(hKIIMII

ITeprn

,ITo6y.[(OBaHa

:IKa6'eMy,

.[(epeBy,

IT06y.[(OBaHi

BII.[(iJIJIIOTb

IT03HaqeHa

iHrniix

1753-1756

3

BOHII

OcnaBII,

XVII

Il(O

ITO

Ha.[(3Bifqall:HOIO

Bi.IJ:3HaqaJIIICJI

Mono.[(JITIIH,

IToqaTKY

3aiTIICaHO,

ITo6y.[(oBa

Yci

.[(epeBa

Bi.IJ:.IJ:3epKanro-

pi3b6a 3

IT aM' JITKII

yMiJihl(JIMII.

Bi3IITaTopiB

KpiiBopiBHJI,

-

BIIKOHaHi

Bi3IITaTOpii

CToiTqaTiB,

u:iHHi

ciTopy.[(ax

MIICTel(TBa

l(epKOB.

apxiTeKTypii.

cJiraiOTh

KyTax

CTapiix

l(epKOBHIIX

XVIII

TeKyqa,

AKpernopii

KYJihTOBIIX

TaJiaHOBIITIIMII

<j:>opMaMII.

(Jlroqa,

fyu:ynhll(IIHII

p03ITIICII,

ryl(yJihChKIIX

.[(epeB'JIHOl

fopirnHiH:,

U:IIX

HaCTiHHi

OITIICiB

ITOHa.[(

apxiTeKTypHIIMII

u:epKBII

B

HapO.[(HIIMII

cepe.IJ:IIHi

KOBHOl

6y.IJ:OBII

o6pa30TBopqoro

30KpeMa

OCHOBi

HOBJieHO

KOBi,

CaMe

u:epKOBHi

MaHCTepHiCTIO

B

MIIHYJIOrO

apxiTeKTypii.

pi3Hi

2KIIBOITIIC,

C.

ciTopy.[(ax,

ITpeKpaCHOrO

3.[(aBHa

CTIIJihOBi

ciTopy.IJ:.

CTapoBIIHHi

B

apxiTeKTypa

CBO€pi.[(HiCTIO.

1753-1757

IIaciqHiH:,

ITYHKTax

He

pp.

EIITJIIIrne


226

BoJtoiJuMup

faJIIIl(bKOl, 6aHHi,

II

arre

6yJIII

nyKOBIIHChKOl

IIOKpiiTi

HapeniTi,

BIIrJIJI.IJ:i

IIIOIIII",

IloTiK;

B

c.

JIK

a

u;epKBII

BaciirriJI,

KOJIII,

KIIM

-

BCi

BOHII,

JIK

u;epKBa

IIIOIIII

y

xpecTa

6e3

KiMHaT.

OcrraBII,

CB.

MIIxaH:rra He

IIIorr,

qopHi

i

Tpii-

MIIxaH:rra -

B C.

,.IJ:aBHJI,

IIaM'JITaiOTb

TaK,

y c.

,y

qOpHIIH

rro6y.IJ:oBaHa

(oqeBII.IJ:HO,

<l>epecKyrr

KOIIYJIII"

.IJ:e-

36Y.IJ:OBaHa

rrpii6JIII3HO B XVII cT.); y c.

TaK02K u;epKBa ,y BIIrJIJI.IJ:i KiMHaTII

BIIrJIJI.IJ:i

B c.

u;epKBa cB.

rro6y.IJ:oBaHa 3HaqHo paHiiiie,

BIIrJIJI.IJ:i

y

mo

.IJ:epeB'JIHa

Po2KHiB

IIIOIIII,

BIIrJIJI.IJ:i

i

roHTaMII.

3ra.IJ:yiOThCJI

peB'JIHa u;epKBa cB.

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

y

u;epKBa

CoKorriBKa

,u;epKBa .IJ:epeB'JIHa

(36Y.IJ:OBaHa

.IJ:aBHO);

y

C. )l,eJIJITIIH . .IJ:epeB'JIHa JIJIIIHOBa, roHTaMII IIOKpiiTa"; B C. )l,opa ,u;epKBa .IJ:epeB'JIHa, CaMe BY

rro6y.IJ:OBaHa

y

BII.IJ:i

ryu;yrrhChKi Tecrri

CaMo6yTHIO

peB'JIHi

xpaMII,

IIIKOJIY

IIIOIIKII".

rrpoTJiroM

XVI-XVIII

HapO.IJ:HOrO

rro6y.IJ:OBaHi

ryu;yrraMII,

TeKTypH 0- KOH CTp YKTIIBHIIMII

<j:> 0 p M aM II

erreMeHTaMII 6y.IJ:iBJIJIX

.IJ:eKopy

BTiJieHO

oco6rriiBOIO

BIICOKi

i.IJ:eaJIII

BIIKJIIIKa€ 3axorrrreHHJI u;epKBa cB. ro

.IJ:epeBa"

u;epKBa

B

c.

IJeqeHi2KIIH,

BocKpeciHHJI

B MaJibOBHifqill:

rrporropu;iH:.

rrepe.IJ:MiChKa

ll,iHHIIM

MiCl(eBOCTi.

i

.IJ:eTaJIJIMII, B

YIIO.IJ:06aHHJI

U:IIX

Hapo.IJ:y.

rreqeHi2KIIHChKa

rraM'JITHIIKOM

u;epKBa Eoropo.IJ:IIU:i y

ripChKiH

IIpOIIOpl(iJIMII

)l,eapxi-

MIIxaH:rra, rro6y.IJ:oBaHa 3 ,pi3aHo-

TaK02K

XpiicToBoro.

apxiTeKTYPII XVIII cT.

JiiiiiiiMII

a

CBOlMII

0 piiriHaJibHIIMII

MIICTel(hKi

JICKpa-

6y.IJ:iBHIIl(TBa.

Bi.IJ:3HaqaiOTbCJI

rapMoHi€IO

Ta

CTBOpiiJIII

cT.

.IJ:epeB'JIHOrO

.IJ:epeB'JIHOl

EopoxTi, po3TaiiioBaHa

BoRa Bi.IJ:3Haqa€TbCJI HaH.IJ:OCKOHa-

Ha.IJ:3Blfqall:HO

rapMOHiHHIIMII

<j:>opMaMII.

3oB-

HiiiiHiM BIIrJIJI.IJ:OM BORa Hara.IJ:y€ u;epKBY B C. 5J:CIIHJI PaxiBChKOrO paH:oHY Ha 3aKaprraTTi l0Tb

II(e

6aHi

Ha.IJ:

Y

IIpOCTY

cepe.IJ:HiM

ryu;yJihChKiH

Tpa.IJ:IIl(iHHIIH IJpoTe

TIIII

HapO.IJ:Hi

3 l(eHTpaJibHIIM

qoTIIpiiCKaTHY i

CXi.IJ:HIIM

BOHII

II(Opa3

.IJ:eTarri,

u;epKOBHiH

MaHCTpii

CTapO.IJ:aBHi Hapo.IJ:Horo YMOBaX

3

IIO-pi3HOMY

3MiHIOBarrii

3py6aMII

Tpii3py6Horo

HiX, HeiiOBTOpHIIX piiC.

u;epKBII

CXi.IJ:HIIM

Ta

MaiOTb

Ha.IJ:aBaJIII

3aXi.IJ:Ha

IIOCTiHHO

CBOlM

6aHJI

Ta

O<j:>OpMJieHHJI. IIOBTOpiO€TbCJI

xpell(aToro BIITBOpaM

MIICTel(bKIIM XIICTOM

3aCTOCOByBaJIII

i

xpaMiB.

CaMo6yT-

<j:>aHTa3i€IO

apxiTeKTypHO-KOHCTpyKTIIBHi

o6cJiriB.

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

rroiiiiipeHoro

IIOJibChKO-IIIJIJIXeTChKOl

a

6apoqHe

rr'JITII3py6Horo

BeJIIIKIIM

Ha

3py6aMII, JIKi 36epira-

IIOKpiiTTJI,

apxiTeKTypi

3aB2K.IJ:II

rrporropu;il

30.IJ:qecTBa,

i

<j:>opMy

Ha

arpecil

l(e YKpa1Hi

u;epKBII

OpiiriHaJihHi B XVII-XVIII 6y.IJ:yBaJIIICJI

TBOpii cT.

B

rrepeBa2K-


228

Jrepee5ma

3a

KOIIITII

2KOpCTOKO

CeJIJIH

MIICTel(bKY

Mill(aH.

l(epKBII

BapTiCTb,

aJie

HapO.IJ:HO-BII3BOJihHOJO l(IIX

€10

i

Ycmb-IlymuJta

'lepHiBeU,bKOf

TaJiaHOBIITi

CJ02KeToM.

BIIKOHyBaJIIICJI,

II

iCTOpiiqHy,

xpaMaX

HeBi.IJ:OMIIX

XY.IJ:02KHhOrO

fyl(yJihll(IIHII

6opoTn6oJO

ryl(yJihChKIIX

TOroqacHIIX piBHeM

c.

p-Hy

o6Jt.

HapO.IJ:Hi

MaHCTpii

He

pa3

rrepecJii.IJ:yBaJIIICJI.

ToMy .IJ:epeB'JIHi

Y

y

u,epKBa

IIymuJtbCbKOi!O

HO

Fpa 6oeeu, bKU i1

BoJtoiJuMup

TyT

BOHII

XY.IJ:02KHIIKiB,

60

BOHII

3

BeJIIIKY

KJiaCOBOIO

i

TBOpii

6araTbOX

Bi.IJ:3HaqaJOTbCJI

BIICOKIIM

<j:>ap6,

TaJiaHOBIITi

MiCl(eBIIMII

JIIIIIIe

Mac.

2KIIBOIIIICHi

6araTCTBOM

3YCTpiqaeMo

He

IIOB' JI3aHi

TPY.IJ:JIII(IIX

36eperJIIICJI

BIIKOHaHHJI,

3.IJ:e 6iJihiiiOrO,

CTaHOBJIJITb

qiTKOIO

pi3n6JipChKi

CaMo6yTHiMII

KOMII03IIl(ipo6oTII,

JIKi

pi3b6JipaMII- ry-

u:ynaMII.

5. Pi3h6Hpi. MucTeu,TBO :IKIIBOIIIIC, ryl(yJihChKIIX iKOHII, CII :IKIIJIII

XTO

3

pi3b6a

HapO.IJ:HIIX

IIOBIITe BOHII

rrepe.IJ:aBaJIII

ITO

.IJ:epeB'JIHIIX

.IJ:epeBy

yMiJihl(iB

Ta€MHIIl(e!O; y

<j:>eO.IJ:aJibHY

Hama.IJ:KaM.

3aJIIIIIIIIJIIICJI

l(epKOB.

Ha

lX

XTO

pi3b6IIB iMeHa

erroxy 2KaJih,

II

MaJIJOBaB l(i

o6pa3II,

3aTepJIIICJI CBiH

6araTo

.IJ:OCi l(i

B

iHTep'epax

BIICOKOMIICTel(hKi iKOHII,

iKOHOCTa-

3

IIJIIIHOM

CTOJiiTh.

TaJiaHT,

BMiHHJI

TBOpiiTII

i:xHix

2KIIBOIIIICHIIX,

pi3b-


ImocmpoeaHa 6JipCbKIIX 3aTepJIII JIJITb

po6iT

lXHi

l(iHHY

HIIMIIMII IJpo rn:e

icmopi5l He

p03BIIBaTIICJI

ll,e

B.

MaB

pii

o6pa3II,

pi3b6II.

B

JIKi

i i

y

.[(y2Ke

.[(aBHiX

rrpau:i

HeOl(i-

oco6JIIIBoro Morna

Bi.[(IIOBi.[(Hi

.[(0

qaciB,

IIIICaB

,fyu:ynhll(IIHa".

Ha6yBae

6yJIII

xpaMaX

po3BIIT-

36eperTIICJI

YCJIOBIIHII .[(0

,JierKy

pyKy",

IIIICbMa

i

B

rrpiiKpacii. HaJie2KaTh

rroqopHiJIII

36eperJIIICJI

fyl(yJihiiiiiHII,

JIBIIIIIa CTaHOB-

TOrO",

.[(e

,CaM a

OpHaMeHTOBaHa.

fyl(yJihll(IIHi".

pi3n6II

xoq

CTIIXiHHi

36eperJIIICJI,

,pi3n6JipCTBO

CMIICJI

l(epKOBHIIX

cni.IJ:iB

CJirae

MaTe pian",

HhOrO

opHaMeHTaJihHi

IIIyxeBIIqeM

liKe

.[(e

.[(06yBHIIH

BiHHII, IIIO

MIICTel(TBa

IIIyxeBIIq

TaM,

y

qaciB.

BIITBOpii,

pi3n6JipCTBO

BJiaCHe

B

pi3n6a

B'JIHi

B.

229

3

KYJihTypii.

IIIyxeBIIqa,

Hail6iJihiiie

IJOBCIO.[(II JIIICb

B.

HaXO.[(IIMO

i

MIICTel(TBO,

BIIp06JIJIJia

yce

iCTOpil

eTHorpa<j:>

,peMiCHIIK

IIpiipO.[(a

HaiiiiiX

HapO.[(HOrO

fyu:ynhll(IIHII

cnoBaMII

.[(0

ToM

MIICTel(hKi

CKap6HIIl(IO

pi3b6JipCbKe

3a

.[(e

Ta

IIaM'JITHIIKaMII

yMoBax

Ky.

.IJ:iHIIIJIII

CJii.[(II,

raJIIIl(hKIIH

B

IlpuKapnammR.

Bi.IJ:

MaJIJOHKII

rro6yTi

-

BIIKOpiiCTOByBa-

HaH:.[(aBHiiiii

XVIII

.IJ:O

qacy,

rrpoTe

Ha .[(epeBi,

i3

cT.

BIIJIBJieHIIX

ll,e

-

.[(epe-

36eperJIII

KOHTY-

BIIKOHaHi

l(epKOBHIIMII

M aJIJip aM II. OrriicyJOqii TaTop

3BepTa€

l(epKBax", TOHHO"

(rapHO).

-

l(epKBY B

M.

H:oro

a

BiBTap

BiH

II(O

o6pa3II,

pp.,

u:epKOBHIIH

,HaMiCHi

.[(epeB'JIHIIX",

o6pa3II B

3

ITO

BiH

i

II(O

.[(y2Ke

,06pa3iB

CTOJIJipCbKOl

o6pa3

lcyca

,aiiOCTOJIII u:epKBY

cB.

HaMiCHIIX

po60TII

<j:>paHqyJihT 3

TaK02K l(epKOB

Ha

4,

IIpiiCTOHHIIH". y

KocoBi

po6oTaMII

Ha eTa-

po6oTaMII",

KOCMal(bKY l(epKBY CB.

,BIIKOHaHIIH

HaMaJibOBaHi MIIxaH:na

(1623

.[(epeB'JIHIIX

HaJie2KHO

-

MeHTaJIIIKaMII

pi3b6JipCbKIIMII IJpo

po-

HaMiCHi Ha 6JIJITaX

IIi.[(

,cTOJIJipChKIIMII

rapHIIH

p.):

MaJIJipCbKOl

KOpaJIIIKiB

po60TII

MaHCTepHO.

a

o6pa3II,

rrepe.[(MiChKIIX

TaM

po60TOIO",

rreqeHi2KIIHChKY

Bi.[(3Haqae:

3

arrocToJiaMII

BIIKOHaHIIH

IIIIIIIe,

IIIHypKiB

,IIpiiC-

(1754

bliTKOBa

OrriicyJOqii .[(epeB'JIHY

IIOMaJibOBaHi

IIIHIIl(epCbKOl

O.[(HiH 3

3

Bi3II-

ryl(yJihChKIIX

pi3b6IIJIIICJI

l(epKBi

po6oTII". , .. .4

3a3Haqae:

KOpOHII,

l(iJIOl B

Tid 2K

po60TII,

,BeJIIIKIIH

CJIOBaMII,

OrriicyJOqii

l(iJIIIH

1751-1757

B

,6JIJITaX

arrocTOJIII

iKoHocTac

pi3b6JipCbKOIO

Top

OIIIICOM,

IJapacKeBil

i

}J:eJIJITIIHi,

}J:eecyc

MocKaJiiBHi

iHIIIIIMII

Te,

Ha

IIIH€l(epCbKOl

o6pa3aX

cpi6HIIMII.

pHil",

Ha

0Cb JIK OIIIICaHi

rrpiiCTOHHi

Ha JIKIIX

u:epKBII

HaMiCHi Ha 6JIJITaX .[(epeB'JIHIIX CTOJIJipCbKOl i

.[(epeB'JIHIIX

3a

yBary

MaJIJOBaJIIICJI

, ... o6pa3II 60TII

ryu:ynhChKi

MaHCTepHO,

Ha

IIOJIOTHi".

p.),

JiaTaX

-

HaMaJibOBaHIIH.

Bi3IITa-

4, }J:Bi

lcyc XO-


230

BoJtoiJuMup

pyrBII

Ha

ITOJIOTHi

ITpiiCTOHHO B

HaMaJibOBaHIIX,

KIITaHKOIO

o6KJia,[(eHa

HaMaJibOBaHa".

6araTbOX

MiCl(liX

l(eH

piiiiHi

opHaMeHTII",

II(O

Ha):(BipHliHChKiH

B

TpeTli

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

2Ke

,):(o6py

Bi3IITaTOp

HarOJIOIIIY€

cTpyKTypy"

u;epKBi

U:IIX

,):(eecyc

Ha

u;epKoB,

BIIKOHaHIIH

rapHi

xoq

,BHYT-

3ayBa2Kye,

BCi€10

po60TOIO

ripiiie". He BCi

BIIKJIIIKa€

Y

l(bOMY

ryu;yniB

M02KHa

ITpi3BIIII(eM

Hei"

):(iHIIIJIII Ha

pi3b6JieHi

peqi

Haiiioro

qacy.

,[(0

p03BIITKY

TIIX

TKaqiB

icHyBaJIO

liBHO

3aCTOCOByBaJIOCb

1753

6araTO

ITOXO,[(IITb ITpii

iH-

qlf

KociBChKoi" BonocTi

ITpi3BIIII(e

liKe

po3BIITKY

3aroBopiiJIII

TaKi

3

KonoMIIi",

p.,

pO):(IIH

Bi):(

o6po6u;i

OpHaMeHTOM,

XOITJIIOBaJIII

II p

o

H:oro

BIIKOHaHIIM

10 pili

HaCTYITHIIKiB

BCe6iqHo HaBe,[(eHi

BITepTiH:

BII3BOJieHHli OCBiTy,

y2Ke

Ol(iHIIJIII

lX

MaTepiaJIII

6opoTn6i

3

Ha3BII

):(epeB'li-

3

-

6araTO

BeJIIIKIIH

CBOIO

HapO!J:HY

B.

CIIHa

EapaH,

CaMOYK

3arOBOpiiJIII

HIIX

BIIpo6II,

TeXHiKOIO

y

3a

B

ITpiiKpaiiiepi3b6II,

ryu;ynhChKoro B

liKiH

II(O

3a-

pi3n6lipa

MIICTel(TB03HaB-

MIICTel(TBO.

HapO):(

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

cou;iaJibHe

36epiraB

TBopqicTb,

cyxoi"

CTBO-

ITpOCTOTOIO".

HapO):(He

CBi):(qaTb,

KYJihTypy,

KOJIII

IIIKpi6JiliKa,

ITpO

JiiTepaTypii, BKJia,[(

cT.,

3'liBJiliiOThCli

II(O

cnaBHoro

eKciTnyaTaTopaMII

MOBY,

XIX

cT.

TaJiaHOBIITIIH

6naropO):(HOIO

liCKpaBO

Bi):(CTOIOBaB

pi):(Hy

Ta

IOpili

Horo ToqeHi

ITepeBa2KHO

III Kpi6JiliKa

B

XIX

MIICTel(TB03HaBel(b

Tapeni,

BapiiiaBi.

,[(OBepiiieHiCTIO

TBOpii

cepe):(IIHi

pO):(IIHII,

6oqiBKII, i

B

Bi):(OMIIH

CeJiliHCbKOl

Bi):(Hi

):(epeBy !J:OClirna

pi3b6lipa

ITIIIIIe

paXBII,

JlbBOBi,

ITO

B2Ke

yMiJihl(li J!K

6i):(HOl

qy):(OBi

pi3n6a

ITOBCIO!J:II.

ryu;yJihCbKOrO

,BIIXO,[(el(b

l(i

ll,e

,CKpi6no",

(1822-1884).

IBaHa

Hi

TeCJiiB,

B3arani MaHCTpii.

ITOpiBHliTII

liKIIX

iHBeHTapli

ITO ):(epeBy ryu;yJihChKi

BIIpo6iB.

TBOpii

piiB

pi3n6y

liKII(O

3pa3KII

60H):(apiB,

III Kpi6JiliKII.

Oco6JIIIBoro ITpo

II(O

BIIKOHyBaJIII

CITeu;iani3yBaJIIICli

3a ):(aHIIMII

KpiM

iHCTpyMeHTa HIIX

u;epKBaX

IT06yTy, CeJia

TaK,

J!BopiB,

CYMHiBy Te,

y

ITepeKOHaTIICli,

ryu;yJihChKi

IIIIIX peMecen. C.

po60TII

,[(OMaiiiHhOrO

0KpeMi

y

2KO,[(HOrO

pi3b6lipChKi

i

y

Hau;ioHaJibHe

p03BIIBaB

apxiTeKTypy,

3Blfqai",

ITpiiKJia,[(He

MIICTel(TBO. CIIHII H:oBIIq

IOpili

IIIKpi6JiliKa ITPO!J:OB2KIIJIII

CJiaBIIBCli

6JieHHliM

Ta

):(epeBoM.

CBoi"

CBOlMII

BIIpo6aMII,

iHKpycTal(i€10: 3HaHHli

BiH

liKi

MeTaJIOM, liK

yqiiTeJih

ciTpaBy 6aTbKa. 03):(06JIIOBaB

BaciiJih

IOpi-

ITJieCKaTIIM

pi3b-

6icepOM

pi3HOKOJibOpOBIIM

pi3n6JieHHli

ITepe):(aBaB

yqHliM


ImocmpoeaHa

B

icmopi5l

,KpattOBOMY

IIpuKapnammfl.

HayKOBOMY

opHaMeHTIIKII" (M.

ToM

3aKJia.[(i

.[(JIJI

231

3 pi3b6JipCTBa

BII2KHIIU:JI). Jl:pyriitt CIIH -

MeTaJieBOl,

MIIKOJia IOpittoBIIq -

03.[(06JIJOBaB CBOl TBOpii pi3b6JieHHJIM reoMeTpiiqHifX MOTIIBiB Ha ,l(hOKaHOMy"

TJii Ta

iHKpycTal(i€10

3 pi3Ho6 apBHOrO

6icepy.

TBopii po.IJ:IIHII lliKpi6JIJIKiB 36epiraJOThCJI y My3eJix YKpai"HII. 6araTirra

HapoiJHi

KOJieKu;iJI

yMiflbU,i

Hatt-

3i6paHa y JlnBOBi.

i!YU,YilbCbKOi pi3b6U

no

iJepeey,

ypoiJ:J~CeHu,i

(1822-1884 pp.), UOi!O CUHU B. IO. mKpi6Jt5lK (1856-1928 pp.) ma M. IO. mKpi6Jt5lK (1858-1920 pp.) IO.

I.

mKpi6Jt5lK

cella

5Ieopie:


HOBITHH ICTOPIH rYUYJibiUMHM ()1.pyra noJioBuua XIX

_

no'laTOK XX CT.)

(~pyra

S

rrepio):(,

A

IIIIIHa

,_3C1E

A

po3rroqaBcJI

3aJIIIIIIaJiaCJI

BTiM,

i y

IIOJiiTifqHoro ):(pyriH:

rHiTy

BXO,[(IIJia

3arrpaBJIJIB

6yJIII

cTapocTe. IIYHKTII -

poKy,

fyu;ynh-

3aXi):(HOyKpa1HChKIIX

IIO):(iJIOM

3

BHacni):(oK

qoTIIpMa

1867

Eo ro p o):(q aH ChKIIH,

q.

poKy,

yBiHIIIJIII

17

18 67

3MiH

5

B

3MiHII

TepiiTOpiJI

3

OKpyriB

74

HOBIIM

176

IIOBiTOBIIX

poKy

HaceneHi

HOBOYTBOpeHIIX

Ko ciB ChKIIH,

B

,[(IICTpiiKT),

3ri,[(HO

YTBOpeHO

rrpaBII-

fyu;ynhiiiiiHII.

(U:IIPKYJI,

IIOIIepe):(Hi HIIX

Kon OMIIH ChKIIH,

):(eJIKi

B T.

1782

OKpyr

a):(MiHicTpaTIIBHIIX

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

IIOJibChKIIX

KOMicapaMII.

poKy,

3aMiCTb

i

Bi):(6yniicJI

IIpOBe,[(eHIIM

CTaHiCJiaBChKIIH

JiiKBi):(OBaHi

faJIIIl(bK01

cT.

Cxi):(Ho1 faniiqiiHII,

IIO):(iJIOM,

B

HaqaJibHIIK

a):(MiHiCTpaTIIBHIIM IIOBiTiB

qacTIIHOIO

aBCTpiHChKIIX

X IX

rronoBIIHi

a):(MiHiCTpaTIIBHIIM

fyu;yJihll(IIHII JIKIIM

1848

pe<j:JopMII

CKJia,[(OBOIO

a):(MiHicTpaTIIBHOMY yrrpaBJiiHHi

3a

3

3eMeJih, 11 HaceneHHJI 3a3HaBano Ha co6i Ba2KKoro cou;iaJihHO-

eKoHoMiqHoro TeJiiB.

JIKIIH

IIOBiTiB

H a):(BipHJIHChKIIH

CHJITIIHChKIIH. BcJI

a):(MiHicTpaTIIBHo-rroniTIIqHa

CTapOCTIIHCbKOMY BCiX ):(ep2KaBHIIX KOJIIIIIIHiX

IIOBiTiB

CTapocTIIHChKe faJIIIU:hKOMY JIK

OpraH,

yrrpaBJiiHHIO,

ycTaHOB. i

BJia):(a

liKe

IloBiTOBi

B

6yno

CTapOCTII

rroBiTax

6yna

rrepe):(aHa

BIIKOHaBqOJO

iHCTaHl(i€10

rrepeHHJIJIII

KOMIIeTeHu;i1

OKpyriB. yrrpaBJiiHHJI

HaMicHIIU:TBY Ha):(iJieHIIH

3

rri):(rropJI!J:KOByBanocb

u;eHTpoM

CIIJihHOIO

y

JlnBOBi.

BJia,[(OIO,

BoHo

3aB,[(aHHJIM

6e3rrocepe):(HhO 6yno

CTBopeHe

JIKOrO

CTaJIO


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

KcepoKoniR

ypRdoeoco

eepecH5l

IIpii):(yiiieHHJI

nameHmy

1779 p.

npo

Hat!:MeHIIIOrO IIaHyBaHHJI

MOHapxil

ToM 3

IlpuKapnammR.

Ilpii IIpOBe):(eHHi

233

iMnepampuu,i

npuedHaHH5l

pyxy,

Mapif

Fa!lUlfUHU

CIIpliMOBaHoro

IIOMill(IIKiB

Ta

Tepe3if do

11

Bid

Aecmpif

IIpOTII

aBCTpiHCbKOl

KaiiiTaJiiCTiB.

uj€1 a):(MiHiCTpaTIIBHOl pe<j:>opMII CY!J:OqlfHCTBO 6yrro

IIOBHiCTIO Bi):():(iJieHe Bi):( a):(MiHiCTpau;il, BaJIIICb ):(Ba-Tpii

IIOBiTOBi

6yrrii B KocoBi,

KyTax,

CY!J:II.

Ha

Ha):(BipHitt,

B K02KHOMY CTapOCTBi CTBOpiO-

faJIIIl(hKitt

fyl(yJihll(IIHi

KorroMIIl, )l,errJITIIHi i

TaKi

CY!J:II

Eoropo):(qa-

Hax. IloBiTII 6yJIII BeJIIIKIIMII, ):(0 HIIX BXO):(IIJIO 6araTO IIOpiBHJITII TaX,

TO

qifCJIO

BOHO

MicTa

Ha):(BipHa

)l,opa,

3apiqqJI,

TapiB,

qOpHIIH

HaCeJieHIIX IIYHKTiB

6y):(e

pi3HIIM.

)l,errJITIIH, 3erreHa,

)l,o

faJIIIl(bKOl

cirr

Ha):(BipHJIHCbKOrO

cerra

MIIKYJIIIqiiH,

Eirri

OcrraBII,

IIaciqHa,

IloTiK, 5J:MHa, 5J:peMqe; ):(0

MiCT. 5J:KII(O

fyl(yJihll(IIHII

y IIOBi-

IIOBiTy

BXO):(IIJIII

qopHi

OcrraBII,

IlHiB,

CTpiiM6a, Ta-

KoJIOMIIHCbKOrO

IIOBiTy -


BoJtoiJuMup

234 EaHJI, Hill:,

Eepe3iB,

Jhoqa,

Crro6o,!(a MicTo

Eepe3iB

JhoqKII,

HIIJKHiH:,

MapKiBKa,

PyHrypcbKa,

E oro p o,!(qaHII,

EIITKiB.

pi3Ka,

rorrirrrrJI, :1Ka6'€,

BerriiKIIH lrrnu;i,

IlepexpecHe,

IIicTIIHh,

CoKorriBKa,

YcTepiKII,

A!l:MiHicTpaTIIBHIIH nyKOBIIHII

iHIIIOMy.

rro,!(irr

IJpOTJirOM

BIIrJIJI,!(aB

1785-1787

pp.

EyKOBIIHa 6yrra rrpii€,[\HaHa ,!(0

Jl:O

1849

poKy

EyKOBIIHY KOBIIHa

rri,!(rrJirarra

Bi,!(OKpeMJieHO

CTaJia

OKpeMIIM

JIKY rriKBi,!(oBaHo ,!(0

faJIIfqlfHII

3aJieJKHiCTb BIIH

YPJI!l:

1867

qorri

3

B

Bi,!(

OKpeMOIO

B 1861

pou;i

YTBOpeHO

IIO,!(iJIOM,

6yKOBIIHChKi

3

B

1849

IlyTIIJIOBi CTe6He,

II(O

peopraHi3al(i€IO

IIYHKTII

CIO!l:II

IlirreTKII, TopaKII,

rrirrrrJI, 516rroHIIU:JI, (3acHoBaHIIH

rrpii€,!(HaHo

6yrra rriKBi,!(oBaHa OKpeMIIH

KpaH:o-

a,!(MiHiCTpaTIIBHOrO

3a l(IIM

,!(0

XX

rroqaTKY

yBiHIIIJIII ,!(Ba

B

CYJl:OBi

BXO,!(IIJIII

KiceJIIIU:JI,

YcTh-IlyTIIrra,

1863 p.),

Ey-

a,!(MiHiCTpal(i€IO, 3HOBY

CTapOCTBaMII.

36epircJI

OXOIIJIIOBaB

BIIJKHIIU:i.

pou;i

aBTOHOMiiO.

rpeKO -BipMeHChKIIM

rrpe3II,!(eHTOM

IIOBiTOBIIMII

JIKIIH

HaCeJieHi

BIIJKHIIl(bKIIH,

1787

faKMaHOM.

pou;i, 3ri,!(HO

1868 pou;i Ha3BaHO

TIIBHIIM

IIO-

BiHCbKOBIIH

(u;IIpKyrr)

JiiHHJI, nyKOBIIHY, IIO,!(i6HO ,!(0 faJIIfqlfHII, IIO,!(iJieHO Ha 11 B

3axorr-

1 JIIOToro

OKpyr

EyKoBIIHY

faJIIfqlfHII,

KpaH:oBIIM

€BreHi€M

xoq

JIK

Ha,!(aHO lll 3

rricrrJI

eTarri ,!(ell(O

ry6epHaTopy.

1859 p.

OKpyr,

TIO!l:iB,

qepraHiBKa,

yrrpaBJIJIB

rarriiqlfHII

KHJI3iBCTBOM

JIK OKpeMIIH

Ha

rrepiiiOMY

rarriiqlfHII

poKy.

a,!(MiHiCTpau;il

€IIIICKOIIOM Y

1851

Po3TOKII,

CTe6He,

Xopou;eBa,

Kpa€M

rarriiU:hKOMY

Bi,!(

Kpac-

MocKarriBKa,

PoJKHiB,

KyTII,

iMrrepaTopa Hocii<j:>a II, 3

3a po3rropJI,!(JKeHHJIM

poKy

)l,oB-

KocMaq,

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII

Ha

l(IIM

ypJIJl:.

fpiiHJIBa,

llieiiiOpii.

EyKoBIIHChKOl

ABCTpi€IO

Eirro6e-

PiqKa,

YToporrii,

JlceHiB,

EapBiHKiB,

fopo,!(,

CTapi

HacerreHIIX BXO,!(IIJIII

Ko6aKII,

PII6He,

PyHrypii,

KYJl:II

MoHaCTIIpiiChKe,

KociB,

Cepe,!(-

rroBiTy

KiJihKicTio

Ea6IIH,

forroBII,

IlpoKypaBa,

fopiiiiHiH

3a

BopoxTa,

MIIKIITIIHU:i,

<l>epecKyrrJI,

IJeqeHiJKIIH,

KociBChKIIH IIOBiT,

PoJKIIH,

CTapiiH:

XIIMqiiH,

J16rryHIIl(JI, JIBopiB,

rreHHJI

6yB

Eepe3iB

Eoropo,!(qaHChKoro

H aH:6irrhiiiiiM

CrryrreH:Ka,

HOlJIJIJI, BerriiKIIH PoJKIIH,

CMO,!(Ha,

Jl:O

KyTII Ta cerra AKpeiiiopii,

EpycTypiB,

BIIJKHiH:,

Morro,!(JITIIH,

516rryHiB;

IIYHKTiB faJIIIl(bKOl fyu;yJihll(IIHII MicTa KociB i

Eepe3iB

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

TaKi

9-H:

ITO

OKpyrii cerra

a,!(MiHiCTpa-

CT.,

ryu;yrrhChKi

qifcJiy 3

yrrpaB-

IIOBiTiB, JIKi

IIOBiT

l(eHTpaMII

IIrrocKe,

B

Cepril,

KoHJITIIH, )l,IIXTIIHel(h, )l,oBro-

BIIJKHIIU:JI,

KaTepiiHOJl:Op<j:> (1869

EaqHa,

OrreKcaH,!(ep,!(op<j:>

p.), Bi!l: JIKoro Bi,!(oKpe-


ImocmpoeaHa

MIIJIIICJI

icmopi5l

rroTiM

IlpuKapnammR.

cena

ToM

qepeiiieHbKa,

235

3

Me2KII6po.IJ:II,

Po3TOKII,

lliiirriT,

BII2KeHKa. 3aKaprraTCbKa Yropll(IIHII,

qacTIIHa

3a a.I(MiHicTpaTIIBHIIM

MapaMopocbKY

2Kyrry,

Ha

pocbKY 2KYIIY 3 l(eHTpOM cena

PaxiB,

.l(aH, ,IJ:inoBe,

fyu;yJihll(IIHII,

qoni

JIKa

rro.l(iJioM JIKOl

BeJIIIKIIH niiqKiB,

IIi.!(

XYIII-XIX cT.

CTOJIB

B CIIreTi BXO.I(IIJIII

rrepe6yBaJia

Ha.I(2KyrraH.

B

rHiTOM

BXO.IJ:IIJia B MapaMo-

3aKaprraTChKi ryu;yJihChKi

Ko6IIJiel(bKa IloJIJIHa, J!ciiHJI,

KBacii, Jlo3eHII(IIHa, Jlyr, Jlyrii, Po3TOKII,

Eor-

qopHa TIIca.

0CHOBHa <j:>yHKl(iJI 2KYIIHOrO yrrpaBJiiHHJI IIOJIJiraJia B TOMY, II(06 CBOeqacHO MaTII

36IIpaTII 3 HaCeJieHHJI .l(ep2KaBHi Ta BiHCbKOBi

B IIOKOpi

f/>pacMeHm

HapO.I(Hi

Kapmu

MaCII

3

-

am/lacy

mepumopi5l

IIO.I(aTKII, Tpii-

ryu;yniB.

B.

Ilaiiw,

Tyu,y!lbut,UHU

Ha

5/Kiu

noKa3aHa


BoJtoiJuMup

236

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

2. ryuynhChKe uaceneuuB IleBHY II(IIHII

3al(iKaBJieHiCTb

):(pyro1

,[(OITOMarae piqHIIKII" poBi

BIIKJIIIKa€

XIX

ITOJIOBIIHII

o<j:>iu;ill:Ha aBCTpiHCbKa

XIX -

KiHU:JI

MaTepiaJIII

ITO

a

He

KiJihKiCTb

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

XX

CTaTIICTIIKa.

IToqaTKY XX

ITOBiTaX,

B l(iJIOMY BII3HaqiiTII TepiiTOpiJI

,[(eMorpa<j:JiqHa IToqaTKY

cT.

fyu;yJih-

U:hOMY

II(O

He ,[(a€

B

u;II<j:>-

M02KJIIIBOCTi

HaCeJieHHJI.

po3qJieHOBaHa

HaM

,CTaTIICTifqHi

B ocHOBHOMY ):(aJOTh

ITO CeJiaX,

ITJiaHi Ha raJIIIU:hKY, 6yKoBIIHChKY i

B

0,[(HaK,

ryu;yJihCbKOrO

6yna

KapTIIHa

cT.

)l:o TOrO 2K

a):(MiHiCTpaTIIBHOMY

B 3B'JI3KY

3aKapiTaTChKY qacTIIHII.

3 l(IIM MII Ha OCHOBi ,CJIOBHIIKa reorpa<j:>iqHoro" M02KeMO ITpii6JIII3HO BII3HaqiiTII

HaceneHHJI

3a HaiiiiiMII HaJiiqyBaJIOCJI ITOJIJIKII, KY!J:II 13

BXO,[(IIJIII

2KIIBaJIO

2KIITeJiiB.

€BpelB

80-90-x

ITpiiiTa,[(aJIO

Ta

BipMeHII,

3

5 71

HiMl(i,

HIIX

-

ITpe):(CTaBHIIK

Ha

qoJIOBiK,

TO,

JIK

BII,[(HO,

KOBChKoro).

30

TO

EyKoBIIHII.

ITpiiiTa,[(aJIO

3aKapiTaTChKY

35

TIICJiq

fyu;yJihll(IIHY,

cnoro):(HiiiiHhoro

3

B

,[(aHi

,[(a!O Tb

Taro

0T2Ke,

3 HIIX -

ITpO

B T.

q.

-

KiHu;i

7

yKpalHl(iB,

ITp0qifcJia

oTpiiMaTII (!J:aHi 0.

Bi:IKy-

ITOHa,[(

TIIC.

yKpalHl(iB, IToqaTKY

3aKapiTaTChKiH

200.000

EyKoBIIHChKY

OXOITJIJOBaJIO

fy-

HaCeJieHHJI.

HaCeJieHHJI

a

316

yropu;iB

3pocno !J:O 5.875

B

Jliiiiie l(bOMY

peiiiTa Ha

yropu;i,

BCiX

EyKOBIIHChKiH

i

€BpelB.

qonoBiK.

1909 pou;i ITOHa,[(

XX CT. i

TepiiTOpi!O

o6nacTi.

piK B PaxoBi ITp02KIIBano 4.422

650 HiMl(iB,

qifcJio HaceneHHJI

XIX -

IlpiiKapiTaTChKiH, ITp02KIIBaJIO

3 TOrO

10-15 TIICJiq, ITpiiiTa,[(aJIO Ha

KiJihKiCTb

CTaHoM Ha 1881

3.556

Ha

3aKapiTaTChKOl

Ha H:oro ITpiiCiJIKaX ITp02KIIBaJIO B

B

B):(aJiocJI 1913 piK

qifcJia

<j:>aKTifqHo

paH:oHy

YJIBJieHHJI

1900 pou;i 3araJibHe

qoJIOBiK,

ITepeiTIICY

qoJIOBiK.

II(O

PaxiBChKoro

KyToqKy fyu;ynhll(IIHII.

J!CIIHi i

Bi):(COTKiB

HaM

3HaqHo MeHIIIe HaCeJieHHJI, ITpii6JIII3HO

2KIITeJii,

3a ,[(aHIIMII

BiH BKa3y€ Ha l(II<j:>py 800.098 qoJIOBiK, a l(e € HaCeJieH-

IliBHiqHo1

U:YJihll(IIHY

BII6ipKOBi

7.503

HapO):(HOCTeH,

fyu;yJihll(IIHY.

EyKoBIIHChKOl fyu;ynhll(IIHII,

Bci€1

iHIIIIIX

J! KII( 0

KapalMII.

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

109.289 yKpalHl(iB,

!J:OMOCTi ):(eMorpa<j:>iqHoro xapaKTepy JIIIIIIe 3a

HJI

XIX cT.

poKax

1880 poKy Ha TepiiTOpil KOJIIIIIIHbOl CTaHiCJiaBII(IIHII

830.500

IIIO!J:O

B

ITi):(paxyHKaMII, B l(IIX poKaX Ha faJIIIl(hKiH 138.289

2 0.9 8 9

rpy):(HJI

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

TpbOX

B

10 TIICJiq HiMl(i. qacTIIHaX

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

-


ImocmpoeaHa

B

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

Ilpli6Jili3HO

Ha TaKy

TOroqaCHliX

eHUliKJIOITe.[(iJIX.

CTaTHCTHKa faJIHUhKOl JiliBO

cBi.IJ:qliTh

36iJihlllliJiaCJI KyTH,

He3HaqHliM

X IX

cT.,

Mipi

p03BliBaJiaCJI

JiaCJI

.[(OMaiiiHiMli

rropiBHJIHHi

-

a

XIX

JIK

HaceneHHJI

cToJiiTTJI.

B

TaKliX

Oco6-

MiCTaX

JIK

rro2KBaBHBCJI

po3BliTOK

3aJIHIIIaBcJI

MicToM i3

KociB

TaK

H a.n:BipHoJO,

rrpOMliCJiaMli

rrepio.n:

JlHIIIe

rrpOMliCJIOBiCTh,

3pocTaHHJI

poKiB

HaCeJieHHJI

uett

HaCeJieHHJI, 3

40

BMill(eHi

TYT

.[(pyritt

ITOJIOBliHi

KyTaMH, ,IJ:eJIJITliHOM,

B MeHIIIitt

6iJihiiiiCTb

B

ttoro

roHqapCTBOM,

2KliTeJiiB

3atl:Ma-

pi3b6JipCTBOM,

TKaU-

KliJiliMapCTBOM.

M02KHa

Ha OKpeMliX CTaTliCTliqHliX .[(aHliX ITOKa3aTli

Bi.[(HOIIIeHHJI

XIX

KiHUi

qoJIOBiKiB cT.,

Bcnoro

y

,IJ:eJIJITliH,

a

KociB,

5.595

rrpOMliCJili

rroceneHui;

paxyHOK

Cno6o.n:i

TOpriBJIJI,

y

Ta

TYT

49

Bi.[(COTKiB). O.n:HaK

He

JIK

TaK, II(liHli,

Ha

2KiHKli

TiJihKli Ti

3a .n:aHHMli JIKi

MaJili

ane

.[(OCliTb

ue

cTaTHCTliKli,

2

ITOHa.[(

poKiB ue

qliCJIO

ITOCTiHHO

KocMaqi

HapaXOByBaJIOCJI

qopHliX

OcnaBax

3i

155

pocTy rrpocTe2KyEThCJI i

B

36iJihiiiliJIOCJI Ha

3

TliC.

300

qlicJio

cena

poKy

TO

3pocno

Mono.[(JITliHi,

(pa<j:>iHeptt)

y

lJ,iKaBO,

pO.[(liH.

Y

rrpoueHTHO-

faJIHUhKOl

IlpliqoMy

.n:o

p.

1027.

HH2KHhOMY

51

i

fyuynhll(liHli

HaCeJieHHJI.

Bli.IJ:iJIJIJOThCJI

1880

II(O

KociB,

(Bi.[(ITOBi.[(HO

cena

lX

fyuynh-

BITpO.[(OB2K

HaiTpliKJia.[(, KOJili B

i3 po3BliT-

HaCeJieHHJI, JIK

KiJihKiCTb

TaK,

2KliTeJiiB,

B

rr oB 'JI 3 aH o

qoJIOBiKaMli

HaCeJieHHJI.

3pOCTaJIO.

Ha<j:>Tli

Blip06HliUTBa.

.n:eJIKi

1880

3aBO.IJ:i

6yno

roHqapCbKliX

tt

rrepeBa2KHO

Bli.[(06yBaHHi

6iJihiiie

Ha.[(

.n:e

33.843

BipMeH-

poui

3HaqHy

ITp02KliBaJIO

OCHOBHOMY 3atl:MaJiliCJI

Jl: eJIJITliHi

6araTO

MicTa,

qacli,

JIKliX

5!6nyHiB)

rro2KBa-

rrpaUJOBaJili

rrepeBa2KaJili

(Eoropo.n:qaHH,

IIicTHHh,

KyTax,

HaceneHHJI

1880

B

rrpaUJOBaJIO

Bi.[(HOIIIeHHi

MaJili,

MaJIO

B

3HaqHo

.[(epeB006po6Horo

IJiCTliHb

MY

B

B B

Ha<j:>Torrepepo6HoMy

H a.n:BipHitt Ta

JiiCOITliJihHOrO

OCKiJihKli

JIKi

CITiB-

fYUYJihll(liHli

fyuynhll(liHli

IJeqeHi2KliH,

6y.[(liHKiB,

JIKOIO

KiJihKiCHe

faJiliUhKOl

6y.IJ:HHKiB.

crrocTepiraeThCJI

IJeqeHi2KHHi

PyHrypchKitt

MiCTeqKo

Ha.n:BipHa,

po6iTHliKiB,

II eq eHi2KHHi; KOM

i

B

MiCTaX

faJIHUhKOl

2KliTJIOBliX 1x

B

HaJIBHOCTi

MicTax

KyTH,

Hatt6iJihiiie

BliJiliCJI

2KiHOK

TaK02K

BOChMli

HaJiiqyBaJIOCJI 2KliTeni.

3a

B

BKa3yJOTb .[(aHi,

rroMiTHe

3a

MiChKOrO .n:e

rrpoMHCJIOBOCTi.

ITplipOCTOM

B

.n:ocHTh

KiJihKiCTb

237

3

HaCeJieHHJI

rrpH6JIH3HO

,IJ:eJIJITliH,

KarriTanicTHqHo1

ChKi

rrpo

fyuynhll(liHli

Ha.n:BipHa,

TBOM,

KiJihKiCTb

ToM

B

1670

CTaJIO

Ilo.n:i6Ha Eepe3oBi,

200 p.

B

3022,

B

KapTHHa qopHoMy


238

BoJtoiJuMup

IJOTOI(i, Jlioqi,

MapKiBl(i.

HacerreHHJI

TIIC. 3456,

Marrii

XIIMqiiH

2919,

MoHaCTIIpiiChKO 2567,

-

-

2416,

He3Ba2KaiOqii Bi,IJ:6yBaJIOCJI i

BaBCJI B

B

PiqKa

3467,

Ha

qac

Te,

mo

2681,

KapTi

XIX faJIIIl(bKOl

5535,

2284,

Ko6aKII

2821, Eirri OcrraBII -

2201,

2456. fyu;yrrnmiiHII

KOJIOHi3au;il

Ha

51BopiB

:1Ka6'€

3erreHa

rrp ou;ec

Eoropo,IJ:qaHII

2170,

3acerreHHJI

CT.,

rrorroBIIHi

Ha

-

1880 poKy IIOHa,IJ: 2

CTapi

51ceHiB

3837,

X1 V -XVI 1 I

cerra:

MIIKYJIIIqiiH -

IlHiB

B ,IJ:pyriH:

TOll

ryu;yrrhChKi

fopinmiH:

2234.

CTapi KyTII -

IIaciqHa

3a CTaTIICTIIKOIO TOrO 2K

TaKi

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

B

ocHOBHOMY

Kp aiO

rrpo,IJ:OB2KY-

rroqaTKY XX

fyu;yrrnmiiHII

cT.

3'JIBJIJIIOTbCJI

me

IIOHa,IJ: 35 HaCeJieHIIX IIYHKTiB: 5J:peMqe, fpaMOTHe, lliiiKMaHII, nypKyT, 3rapii, KrriiMrryiiii, MaKCIIMel(h, Ilpiiqirr, Pa<j:>aH:rroBa, IIocTOJITII, CoKOJIOBIIU:JI, KoxaH, PiBHe, CToBrrHi, CTaJI, IIorrJIHKII, )J,3eM6poHJI, BorroBe, Torrirrhqe,

Kp acHIIK,

Eirra PiqKa, HeHKO,

Mo3orriBKa,

KoJIII BIIHIIKJIII TOpii

KpiiB e

CIIpiiJIJIII

5J:peMqe -

qepHIIK,

KpiiB eu;h,

BIIro,IJ:a,

forroiiiiiHO,

faHiBKa,

IIOJIBi, liKe

3Bi,IJ:KII

BIIMara€

BOHII

JIKi eKOHOMiqHi <j:>aK-

Typ6a3,

CBOl

Ha3BII

IIOJICHeHHJI.

MaJibOBHifqe i IIIIIpOKOBi,IJ:OMe ChOrO,IJ:Hi

KOIIJIIIHHIIM IJpyTOM,

Bopo-

KpiiBo6po,IJ:II.

OTpiiMaJIII

HayKOBOrO

E ep e2KHIIU:JI,

CeHoKiBChKe,

fyu;yrriBKa,

HOBiTHiiiii Cerra fyu;yrrnmiiHII,

lX

l(iKaBe IIIITaHHJI,

TOpilB,

II orre,

qopHa PiqKa, 51BipHIIK,

MiCTO Ha,IJ: IIIBII,IJ:-

Ba2KJIIIBIIH l(eHTp Typii3MY, Micu;e 6araTbOX CaHa-

l(eHTp

HapO,IJ:HIIX

yMiJihl(iB,

Micu;e

Bi)l;IIQqlfHKY

-

BII-

HIIKJIO B KiHu;i XVIII cT. Y 80-x poKax XVIII cT. BOHO me 3HaqiirrocJI B

apxiBHIIX

)l;OKyMeHTaX

po,IJ:IIH-BIIXi!l:U:iB rrpiiBepHyB XIX

cT.

3

JIK

u;noro

cerra.

yBary ryu;yrriB,

B HhOMY

IIpiiCiJIOK

JIKi

Arre

Bee

rrpo2KIIBarro

)J,opii, 3ro,IJ:oM

6irrhiiie

,IJ:e

IIp02KIIBaJIO

MaJihOBHIIqiiH:

H:oro

KiJihKa ,IJ:eCJITKiB

XX

CTOJiiTTJI

CIIpiiJIJIO

Bi)l;IIQqiiBaiOqlfX, TIIX,

XTO

Te,

mo

HaMaraBCJI

HIO CIIpiiJIJIO CBi2Ke ripCbKe IIOBiTpli,

BJiiTKY

CIO)l;II

rrpiicirroK

3acerriOBarrii, ryu;yrrhChKIIX

3HaqHoMy 3pocTaHHIO HacerreHHJI 51peMqi B KiHu;i XIX KY

KiJihKa

i

a

IIiCJIJI

BOHO

3aJIIIIIIarrocJI

3rO,IJ:OM

me

IIOJibChKi

CIIOpy,IJ:2KeHHJI

a TaK02K 6piiH,IJ:3a, OBeqa 2KeHTII-

IIaHII,

p03KiiiiHi BiJIJIII. )J,o

1961

5J:peMqe

3aJii3HIIl(i )J,eJIJITIIH-BopoHeHKO.

cerroM, pyKaMII

xoq

6araTO

03)l;OpOBJieH-

l(JI, mo lX )l;OCTaBJIJIJIII MiCl(eBi ryu;yrrii. Ille 6iJihiiiOrO p03BIITKY C. OTpiiMaJIO

B

Ha rroqaT-

IIpiil2K,IJ:2KaJIII

03)l;OpOBIITII ce6e,

B2Ke

po,IJ:IIH.

TYT

aBcTpiH:cnKi

MiCl(eBIIX

poKy 5J:peMqe

ryu;yrriB

0,IJ:HaK

qifHOBHIIKII,

rroqaJIII

a

6y,IJ:yBaTII

3HaqiiJIOCJI cerriimeM MiChKOrO

TIIIIY, i TiJihKII B 1963 pou;i CTaJIO MiCTOM o6JiaCHOrO IIi,IJ:IIOpli,IJ:KyBaHHJI.


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

Y flpeMHi.

3;tiea

Bo;wduMup

Hanpaeo:

Fpa6oeeU,bKUU,

mo,

XapaKTepHo, rriJIIIH

IlpuKapnammR.

3

ToM

J(Mumpo

PoMaH

239

Hu3oeuu,

Ilempie.

leaH

Jla3apie,

1981 p.

CeimfluHa

rroqiiHaiO''III 3 KiHrrJI XVIII i BIIPO.IJ:OB2K XIX cT.,

pli.[( ryrryJihChKIIX cirr BIIHIIKaiOTh rrrii60KO B ropax, ITO CIICTeMi

OCHOBHIIX piK -

niJIOMY i

ChKiH

Ta

EIIcTpiirri

1x

qOpHOMY

rrpiiToKax.

qepeMorny,

B

KiHrri

IJpyTy,

XVIII

Ha.[(BipHJIH-

cT.

B

oKorriirrJix

fpiiHJIBII, B3.IJ:OB2K Eirroro qepeMorny, 3'JIBJIJIIOThCJI cerra lliiiKMaHII

(B

1946 p. 6yrro rrepeH:MeHoBaHe Ha Ilpo6iH:HiBKy), Eirra PiqKa, forrorniiHo,

Bi.IJ:OMa

B

3.IJ:paBHIIrrJI

OCHOBHOMY

XIX

Ha

EypKyT

IIpiiHiiiiii

rroqaTKY

XX

(1912),

3acerreHHJI cT.

a TaK02K

faJIIIIihKOl

3arriirnaBcJI

TaKIIM

fpaMOTHe. fYrrYJihiiiiiHII 2Ke,

JIK

B

B

KiHrri

MIIHYJIIIX

CTOJiiTTJIX, T06TO HOBi IIOCeJieHHJI BIIHIIKaJIII Ha TepiiTOpiJIX 6iJihlliliX cirr, TaKIIX JIK :1Ka6'€, )l,oBrorrirrrrJI, 516rryHIIrrJI, Cerra

IlHiB, AKpernopii,

3aJIIIlliaJIIICJI

OCeJIJIM, M02KHa

a

OCTaHHi

forroBII,

ocepe.[(KaMII, BIIHIIKaJIII,

rrpoiJIIOCTpyBaTII

Ha

JIKi

.[(aBaJIII

B CBOIO

TaKIIX

EaqHa,

KpacHIIH HaCeJieHHJI

qopHa Jlyr, B

fopa,

KpiiBe IiiiX

EyKoBerrh,

Ilorre,

IIpiiCiJIKaX

IIicTIIHh,

MIIKYJIIIqiiH,

5J:K

cyci.[(HiM

Ha lXHhOMY Bi.[(OMO,

Ha

HOBIIM

rpyHTi.

IJ,e

TepiiTOpil

6yrro 6araTo rrpiicirrKiB, TaKIIX

IrrhrrJI

KpiiBe,

rroqaTKII

qepry,

.[(aHIIX.

BeJIIIKoro cerra :1Ka6'€ B XV1I-XVIII cT. JIK

3erreHa,

KpaCHOlJIJIJI, )l,opa. 0T2Ke, rri CTapo.[(aBHi

fopirnHJI,

)l,oBre

CTBOpiOBaJIIICJI

Ilorre. YMOBII

.[(0

IrrhrrJI )l,orrirnHJI,

13

36irrhrneHHJIM BIIHIIKHeHHJI

B


240

BoJtoiJuMup

KocMaiJ.

XIX -

Ha

XyTopiB.

rroqaTKY

BU2Jl5liJ

3aca!lbHUU

XX

cT.

HOBIIX

qaCTIIHa l(IIX IIpiicirrKiB

i3

cirr

He

Cella.

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

CeimJtuHa

36epe2KeHHJIM

BII)JjrriirracJI

cTapiix

Ha3B

B OKpeMi Cerra, )(pyra

qacTIIHa cTarra 3 qacoM HOBIIMII rrocerreHHJIMII.

IlpiicirroK KpacHIIH Jlyr

rrepeTBOpiiBCJI B rrocerreHHJI

Ilorre -

KpiiBe

-

B KpiiBel(h, )l,oBre

Ha TepiiTOpiJIX TaK,

KpacHIIK,

6irrJI

l(IIX

Ilorre

HOBOYTBOpeHIIX

KpiiBorrirrrrJI

lliiiKMaHII,

fpaMOTHe

i

KpiiBe

cirr

BIIHIIKarrii

3'JIBIIrriicJI

HacerreHi

CTaBIIII(e,

6irrJI

Ilo)(i6Ho po3BIIBarrocJI

i

B KpiiBorrirrrrJI,

B )l,oBrorrirrrrJI.

CBOIO

qepry,

iHIIIi

ocerri.

3rO)(OM

rryHKTII

BorroBe

EIIcTpiiu;i -

cerro 3erreHa Ha

B

i

CTaime,

EepecTeqKo.

Ha)(BipHJIHII(IIHi,

rrpiicirrKII

JIKOrO i3 CBOlMII CTapOBIIHHIIMII Ha3BaMII 3 qacOM rrepeTBOpiirriiCJI B Cerra 3rapii, KrriiMrryiiii, MaKCIIMel(h, Ilpiiqirr, Pa<j:>aH:rroBa. OcTaHH€ Brrepiiie 3ra)(y€TbCJI B )(OKyMeHTaX IIi)( 1819 pOKOM, a rriiiiie B 1934 p. BII)(irriirrOCJI B OKpeMe cerro, liKe B 1946 p. rrepeiMeHOBaHe B bliCTpiil(IO. 3HOB Ha TepiiTOpil Cerra 3erreHa (KociBII(IIHa) BIIHIIKrrii IIOCerreHHJI nypKyT

(3HaHe

CBOlMII u;irriOII(IIMII

Torrirrhqe, 5J:BipHIIK. qopHa

PiqKa.

BIIHIIKrrii

3

ocerri

MiHeparrhHIIMII

BO)(aMII

iHIIIoro

KoxaH,

)(aBHhoro

IIorrJIHKII.

ryu;yrrhChKoro

Bi.IJ:OMe

cerra

qepeMOIIIHoMy;

3 Ko6aK BIIHIIIrra Crro6i)(Ka, 3 IIicTIIHJI -

IIaciqHo1

paHiiiie),

)l,oBrorrirrrrJI

KpacHo1rrrrJI

rroqaToK ocerri

BopoHeHKO i

EyKoBe, IIorrJIHIIl(JI.

BIIro)(a,

BciM

rrpiicirrKiB )(arro

u;i,

i

13 CTapOBIIHHOrO Cerra forrOBII BII)(irriirracJI ocerrJI

IIocTOJITII,

a 516rryHIIU:JI -

CoKorroBIIU:JI,

3

i3 cBo1x

Ilpo6iH:HiBu;i, MIIKIITIIH-

516rryHIIU:i


ImocmpoeaHa

TaKIIM

icmopi5l

qifHOM,

ToM

IlpuKapnammR.

rrpoTJUOM

241

3

rropiBHJIHO

KopoTKoro

rrepio.[(y

farriil(hKa

fyu;yrrhll(IIHa B OCHOBHOMY 6yrra 3acerreHa Brrrii6 ryu;yrrhChKIIX rip i ITO CIICTeMi

rorrOBHIIX

3acerreHHJI

piK

Ta lX

IIpiiTOKaX.

IlpiiKaprraTChKOl

fyu;yrrhil(IIHII

.[(ocrri.IJ:2KYBaHoro

rrepio.[(y

IIpOXO.[(IIrrO He rriiiiie 3a CIICTeMOIO ripCbKIIX piK, arre II 3a IIOrrOHIIHaMII,

JIKi

6yrrii

p03TaiiiOBaHi

rra.[(,

rroqiiHaroqii

Cerra

fpiiHJIBa,

B OKOrriil(JIX TIIX qlf iHIIIIIX cirr.

3 cepe.IJ:IIHII

B2Ke

XIX

3aMeiiiKyBarro

cT.,

Ha

IIOCTiHHO

rrorroHIIHi

HarrpiiK-

CTOBIIHJI,

6irrJI

KirrhKa ryu;yrrhChKIIX roc-

IIO.[(apCTB, JIKi 3 qacOM p03pOCTarriiCh, 36irrhiiiyBarriiCb i .[(arrii rroqaTOK cerry IIi.[( O.[(HOiMeHHOIO Ha3BOIO. rrepeH:MeHoBaHe 6poHJI

-

1946 p. B

Ha

rpyHTax

KiHu;i

Torrirrhqe,

XIX

mo

-

B

HacerreHIIH

EepecTeqKo.

:1Ka6'€. Ha

cTarrii

3 cepe.IJ:IIHII XIX cT.

B oKpeMIIH

rrepeiMeHoBaHo

BIIpocTa€ B2Ke

Ha BepxoBIIHY)

rrepepocTa€

xoq

KpacHIIH

1958 p. ro

Jlyr

51ceHoBa

3ra.[(y€ThCJI

3aca!lbHUCi

1859

Ha

Marro

3

1895

p.

BorroBe

Morro.[(e rrpiicirrKII

rrorroHIIHax

p.

Horo TirrhKII

ocerrJI

B

TaK02K

cerro,

arre

3erreHa i

cerraMII.

KpacHIIK),

KpiiBel(h (1897 p.).

KpiiBorrirrrrJI)

rrpocTopax cerra forroBII

/Ka6'e.

(3

cT.

oKpeMIIMII

Ha .IJ:YMKY .[(eJIKIIX .[(ocrri.IJ:HIIKiB, rrpiicirrKII

HoBa

rrpiicirroK )],3eM-

rryHKT.

)],3eM6poHJI

rroqaTKY XX

3rO.IJ:OM

(liKe B 1963 p.

Ha TepiiTOpil )Ka6'€

ocerrJI

Irrnu;i

BIIpocTaiOTh

KpiiBe

Ilorre

(3

Ha 3eMrrJix fopiiiiHhO-

Eepe2KHIII(JI.

Ha

ripcbKIIX

3 1910 p. BIIHIIKaiOTh rrocerreHHJI Eirra PiqKa

BU2il5ld.

CeimfluHa

i3

36ipKu

II.

ApceHu'ia


242 i

q OpHa

CeJia

PiqKa,

a

J!BipHIIK,

XIX

cT.,

KY.IJ:II

a

u;iB

ceno

B

PiqKa

II OJIBa OrJIJI.[(y

a2K

Tpii

CeJia: HOBa

03HaqaJIO

cnoBa i

liMY,

J!MHa

3HaqHa rronoBIIHi

KiJihKiCTb XIX

Ha.[( JIKIIMII JIKIIH

Mana

-

BIIIIJIIIBae

HOBIIX

6yJIII

( ChOrO.[(Hi

cxi.IJ:,

.IJ:O

IlicmuHb.

l(iKaBa

xoq

6II

1932

y

(1880)

p.

BII.IJ:iJIII-

,IJ:e6ecnaB-

fyu;yniBKa,

rrpo6JieMa

CTapOBIIHHe

o6MaHy

c.

a

6iJIJI

TaK02K

3

ryu;yJihCbKe

IIOJICHIOIOTb TaK:

MIICJIIIBI(JIMII

B

IIpiiKpiiBaJIII

raJiy33JIMII.

J!MHIIU:JI

ryu;yJihChKIIX cT.,

p03TaiiiOBaHi.

3 .[(2Kepena

BIIa.[(ae

KiHl(i

BopoHeHKO, a

rrpocTopax i

B

6inJI

Jiici

.[(JIJI

IBaHo-<l>paHKiB-

J!peMqa.

OKOJIIII(JIX )K a6' € .[(e

-

BIIKOIIaHIIH

Ha3Ba

IIHiB

Ha3B .[(OCJii.[(HIIKII

JIKY .[(JIJI

rriTII

3HaqaTbCJI

CHi.[(aBKa.

B3JITII

piBqaK,

ceno

KpiiB06pO.[(II

-

p.

J!6JiyHIIl(JI

IIIJIJIX,

cena

3eMeJihHIIX

IIO.[(i6HIIX

Ha rroqaTKY XX

BOHII

3

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

3BipiB,

6iJIJI

Ha

oceJIJI

Ha3B.

T06TO

.[(IIKIIX

,JIMa"

C.

lX

1862

aKTaX CeJia

3aJii3HIIqHIIH

faHiBKa,

Ha

IIOX0.[(2KeHHJI

3aMaHJOBaHHJI Bi.IJ:

OCeJib

IIOX0.[(2KeHHJI

CeJIO J!MHa.

ChKa

(1900).

B 3

BIIOKpeMJIJO€ThCJI

cT.

CeHhKiBChKe.

BIIHIIKae

HOBIIX

p.,

XIX

oceJIJI

fpiiHJIBa

CTOBIIHi.

1893

KiHu;i

Mo3oJiiBKa

BIIHIIKJIO

cena

IIOJIOHIIHi

ToqHiiiie

rrponir

nocb

Ha

fOJIOIIIIIHO

BIIOKpeMJIJO€ThCJI

l(e

Fpa 6oeeu, bJW i1

BoJtoiJuMup

Ha

3aca!lbHUU

BIIHIIKJIII

cBo1 Ha3BII

ripCbKIIH

3BaHiH:

BepXOBIIHa)

qopHoro

II(O

oTpiiMaJIII TaK,

rroJIJIHi,

-

OCeJib,

IIOTiqoK

KpacHoJO,

i

.[(aJii

IIJIIIBe

qepeMoiiiy,

.[(aB

Ha3BY

BU2Jl5liJ

Cella.

CeimJtuHa

B .[(pyriH:

Bi.IJ: piqoK, KpaCHIIK,

Teqe nyroM Ha

B

IIiB.[(eHHIIH

HOBiH:

oceni


ImocmpoeaHa KpacHIIK,

icmopi5l mo

IlpuKapnammR.

BIIHIIKrra

Ha

ToM

TepiiTopil

OKOrriil(JI Ha.IJ:3Blfqall:HO MarrhOBHifqa, rrii .IJ:arrii lll HIIH

Ha3BY KpaCHIIH Jlyr.

i3

Jlyr,

HIIU:hKIIH, Ha3BaB.

KpacHIIH

IIOKpiiTIIH

XaTII, .IJ:epeBa, rra,

IIi.IJ:

KOTOpOIO

o6TeCaHIIX Bi.IJ:

IIrriiBe

qopHoro

PiqKa

Eirra

rroqaTOK

Ha

PiqKa.

CXIIrrax

ocerri

5J:BipHIIK.

JIKIIH

BIIIIrriiBa€

II(O

IIrriiBe

piqKif a

i

Ha3Ba 3-IIi.IJ:

Cerra

Cerro

HOBe

cerro

lliiiKMaHII

BaciirrJI

B.

lrrh-

HapO.IJ:

qepeMoiiia, Ha

p03KIIHeHi

TaK

.IJ:arreKo

IIOCrri.IJ:HiM

MarrhOBHifqQ

IIpOCTOBiCHa CKa-

3a2KypeHa,

3 BerriiKIIX .IJ:06pe

rrra.IJ:KO oTpiiMarrii rroTiK

Ha3BY

Bi.IJ:

Ha3BY

IIOTiqKa

cepe.IJ:IIHOIO

rri.IJ: Ha3BOIO

IIOTiqoK

BorrOBIIH.

qacTIIHY )K a6 '€

6epe

.IJ:aB

rrpoTiKa€

rroqaToK piqu:i

qopHa

mo

:IKeHl(JI,

IIOXO.IJ:IITb

fpyHi

Hel BIIa.IJ:a€

cerra

51BipHIIK,

.IJ:O

PiqKa

qopHo1

lrrhl(JI,

Bi.IJ: l(i€1

lrrhl(JI )K a6' €,

BorroBe.

OTpiiMarro

CBOIO

lliiiKMaHIOKiB,

rroqaToK HOBiH: ocerri.

H:oro

B .IJ:arri

BIIa.IJ:a€

fopa qopHoropa .IJ:a€

qepe3 :1Ka6'€, .IJ:O

U:JI

CTepqiiTb

ripcbKIIH

fopraHII

IIOTiqKa B .IJ:aBHIIHY Ha3IIBarrii

TaK02K

rrii

MOB i

a HiM

6epe3i

qepeMoiiiy

TaK02K

PiqKa,

ITo

rrpaBIIrrhHO

ropii

HOBiH

.IJ:aHo1 ocerri.

rrpaBiM

Eirroro

)l,iH:cHo,

Kpa€3HaBel(h

6eperoM

rop6aMII,

qepeMOIII,

KaMeHiB, .IJ:Y2Ke

Jlyry.

He.IJ:apoM

rriBIIM

ropaMII.

ITO

1880 p.

y

KpaCHIIH,

OToqeHIIH

oropO.IJ:II,

KpacHoro

,He M02KY MOBqKif IIOMIIHYTII Kpac-

TJirHeThCJI

BIICOKIIMII

243

HeBIIIIa.IJ:KOBO 3 .IJ:aBHiX-.IJ:aBeH ryu:y-

rriicaB

.IJ:Y2Ke

Jlyr

KrriiHOM,

3BY2KYIOqlfCJI rrrraHi

3axorrrreHHJIM

HarrpaB.IJ:Y,

3

B

Ha3BY

JIKi

Bi.IJ: .IJ:BOX 6paTiB

BIIHIIIrrii

3

cerra

-

MIIKO-

fpiiHJIBa

i

.IJ:arrii

1946 p. u:e cerro rrepeH:MeHoBaHo Ha IIpo6iH:-

HiBKy. TaK .IJ:O Taro qacy Ha3IIBarracb piqKa, JIKa rrporrrriiBarra B l(hOMY Micu:i. )l,o .IJ:aHoro cerra rrpii€.IJ:HaHo JIKOl CTap02KIIrrii Bi.IJ:

Ha3BII

BIIBO.IJ:JITb

IIOrrOHIIHII

Bi.IJ:

CTOBIIHi,

Ha3Ba HOBOl ocerri -

CTOBIIHJI,

ocerri

a6o

IIorrJIHIIU:JI

1887-1893

.IJ:aHIIMII

IIorroBIIqeBa" JIKOMYCh

3

u:e

H:oro

6e3yMOBHO,

rrepBiCHOl

Ha3BII

BiBqapCbKOrO

.IJ:eJIKIIH

IIOrrOHIIHi qac

B l(bOMY

.IJ:e

II(e

cerro,

mo, 3a

Harre2Karro

, IIorrJIHKII". rrpo

CTiH6IIII(a, rriiiiie

Te,

II(O

a6o

IIIIChMOBIIMII

ryu:yrrii

,llorrJIHIIl(JI B

3

MIIHyrroMy

3HIIKrro,

a

cerro

Ha3Ba

ryu:yrrh-

BOHO

BIIHIIKrrO

KOIIIapii,

BIIIIacarrii

IIOXO.IJ:IITb

.IJ:pyra Ha3Ba

HaHMeHyBarrOCb

,IIorroBIIqeBa"

IIOCerriirriiCJI

IIOCerreHl(JI.

,IIOrrJIHa" -

JIKe

CBi.IJ:qliTb

crroqaTKY

MiCl(i

BIIHIIKrrO

ll,iKaBo,

rrorre,

fpaMOTHe, Ha3BY

rpaMOTHOrO

JIKiH

Ha3BOIO

CTaJI,

Ha

Ha

crroBo

Cerra

TYT

cyci.IJ:HIO ocerriO

Bi.IJ: crroBa

cerro

6yrro

ITi3Hiiiie

rrepBicHoiO

a

IIorrJIHKII.

poKiB, l(e

To6To

IIorroBIIqy.

Ha3IIBarrii ChKoro

-

i

rrepiiioro

JIKa

XY.IJ:06y.

6yrra

qepe3

6rrii3hKIIX cirr.


244

BoJtoiJuMup

Tamapie.

3aca!lbHUCi

BU2!l5liJ

cella.

l3

36ipKu

II.

Tpa6oeeU,bJWi1

ApceHu'ia

Ceno rri.IJ: Ha3BOJO CeHhKiBChKe, rrpaB.IJ:OIIO.IJ:i6Ho, Hara.[(ye BJiacHiCTh 2KliTeJIJI u;noro ypoqHma CeHbKa, Ha TepHTopil JIKoro rroqanocb 3aceJieHHJI. PeniTa HOBOOCeJib

IlpliKaprraTCbKOl fyu;yJihll(liHli HOCliJili TepliTOpi-

aJihHi a6o Kpae3HaBqi Ha3Bli (PiBHe, CToBrrHi, KpHBe Ilone a6o KpliBOlJIJIJI, ,IJ:oBre II one a6o ,IJ:oBrorriJIJIJI, KpHBel(h, Eepe2KHliU:JI), xapaKTepli3yBaJIHCJI ri.[(porpa<j:JiqHliMli 03HaKaMli (KpliBi npO.IJ:li), qli IIOXO.[(liJili Bi.[( Ha3B

pOCJiliHHOrO

rroxo.[(liTh

Ha3Ba

CBiTy

cena

(TorriJihqe,

faHiBKa.

J!BipHliK).

ETHMonoriJO

Bi.[(

pli.IJ:Y

BJiaCHOrO

HOBliX

oceJih

iMeHi

XIX-

XX cT. (KnHMrryiiii, MaKCHMel(h, IlpHqin,

IIocTOJITli,

CoKOJIOBli-

U:JI, BHro.[(a, Eepe2KHliU:JI, BopoHeHKO, Mo3oJiiBKa, qepHliK) He B.[(aJiocJI 3'JicyBaTH. A Ha3Ba cena fyu;yniBKa He IIOTpe6ye CBOrO IIOJICHeHHJI.

3uMoeui1

nei13a:JIC

Ha

Tyu,yJtbUfUHi


Po3,n:iJI VIII

P03BMTOK IIPOMMCJIOBOCTI fYUYJibiUMHM Hacni,!(oK

peBOJIIOU:il

KpirrocHe

rrpaBo.

HII. B

p03BIITKY

HJIM

B

i3

JIKa

3aXiJl:HIIMII

u;i€1

TiJihKII

TIICTIIKII

B

ABcTpil

6yno

cKacoBaHo

KarriTanicTIIqHi

BiJl:HOCII-

BIIpi3HJIJiaCJI i

IIOBiJihHIIM

u;eHTpaJihHIIMII

II02KBaBJieH-

qacTIIHaMII

ABcTpo-

MOHapxil.

)l,ocJii,!(2KeHHJI ,!(2KepeJI.

p.

B 60-90-x poKax XIX cT. crrocTepiraiOThCJI ,!(eJIKi 3MiHII

IIpOMIICJIOBOCTi,

rropiBHJIHHi

YropcbKOl

1848

YTBep,!\2KyBaJIIICJI

Ha

rrpo6JieMII OCHOBi

JlnBiBCbKOl

TOprOBO-IIpOMIICJIOBOl

ypiiBqacTIIX

MaTepianiB

3MiHII,

Bi,!(6yJIIICJI

JIKi

fyu;ynhll(IIHi,

B

YCKJia,!(HIO€TbCJI

,!(aHIIX ,CJIOBHIIKa

M02KeMo B

60-90-x

JIIIIIIe

XIX

poKax

IIaJiaTII

B

IIpOMIICJIOBOCTi

6paKOM

Bi,!(IIOBi,!(HIIX

reorpa<j:>iqHoro", Ta

CTa-

,!(eJIKIIX

3araJihHOMY faJIIfqlfHII,

iHIIIIIX

rrpocTe2KIITII T.

B

Ha

q.

cT.

06po6Ka MiuepaJihHOI CHpOBHHH 3

u;i€1

poKiB, 51K

raJiy3i

6yJIII

IIpOMIICJIOBOCTi

qacTKOBO

rri,!(KpeCJIIOIOTb

JIIfqiiHi ,!(iJITII

6yno

p03BIIHyTi

,!(OCJii,!(HIIKII, CKJI03aBo,!(iB.

HOBOOpraHi30BaHIIH

,!(pi6He 6apoHa nocJI

9-11

32

iHIIIi

IIpiiBaTHe

(3 HIIX CKJIJIHi

ypJI,!(2KeHa Ha,!(BipHiH:.

pyqHa

<l>piJl:pixa

22

qoJIOBiKiB,

BIIp06II

fyu;yJihll(IIHi,

CKJIJIHe

B

B

B

II(O

1857

y

i

JIKOIO

B

Cx.

MIIKYJIIIqiiHi

(CKJIJIHa

ryTa).

,!(0

50-X

JIKIIX

ra-

rroqaB

IJ,e

yrrpaBJiiHHJI

6 ,!(iTeR), COpTi".

3

BIIp06HIIl(TBO.

BChOro

Po6iTHIIKII,

HaHKpall(iM

IIIJii<j:>yBaJibHJI",

pp.

HaJie2KaJIO

2KiHKII

rroqiiHaiOqlf

u;ereJibHe

p.

3aBO,!(

EyxTyeMa. 4

i

1856-1870

CKJIJIHIIH

IIi,!(IIpii€MCTBO,

feHap,!(a

Ha

6yno ,!(i6p

HaniqyBa-

,BIIp06JIJIJIII CKJIO TyT

3arrpaBJIJIJia

6yna

,,!(06pe

a,!(MiHiCTpau;iJI

B


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

Ilo.[(i6HIIH MaH:.[(aHi, O.[(HOMY

BO.[(JIHOMY

-

.[(HiB

CKJI03aBO.[(

BJiacHiCTh

po6iTHIIKII BO.IJ:

IlpuKapnammR.

Ha

KOJii.

rrpoTJiroM

BaHHi

piK

160 .IJ:HiB

CTOlTb

B

3a

piqHo.

II03a.[(y

3

6yB

10 i

B

6yJIII

IIaJiaTa.

H:

rrpau;10BaB

Ha

TPY.IJ:IIJIOCJI

52

.IJ:pyriiH:

Ilpii

BIIp06HIIl(TBO

He3HaqHifM. po6JIJIB rrepe.IJ:

KOJibOpOBOrO

Jliiiiie

O.[(IIH

.[(y2Ke

HII3bKOl i

IIIICaJia

JIKOCTi.

3eJieHe, y

raJIIIl(hKi

BIICOKOJIKiCHe 6oreMChKIIM.

IIpOMIICJIOBOrO KpiM

XIX

3aBO.IJ:II.

cT.

CTapiix ToM",

,y

IIpOTe

.[(2KepeJibHIIX

6yno

3BiTi

rro

TaKe

mocb

JlnBiBCbKa

HaJie2KIITh faniiqiiHII.

B

qifMaJIO

KocoBi

6iJihiiie

-

MJIIIHiB,

poKaX B

HiKII.

liKe

HhOrO

ToroqacHoro

rrpau;IDBaJIII

mo

B

.[(Ba

.[(pyriH:

.IJ:BipcbKa

u;ereJihHJI,

3HaXO.IJ:IIJIOCh

Ba2KKO

rOBOpiiTII

u:e-

IIOJIOBIIHi

3a

3a

a

B

Mic-

6paKOM

3

rroqaJIII

IJopJI.[(

HaJiiqyBaJIOCb

B

3

npoMHCJIOBiCTh

rypaJieHb 3.[(aBHa

CeJiaX

i

poKiB

B i

6yno

.[(pi6HIIMII 1,2

B

Ha

BO.[(JIHIIMII TIIC,

IIIIBHIIX

OCHOBi

Ha

12

BIIpo6rryH-

lliHail.[(epa,

KociBmiiHi,

BO.[(JIHIIX

HOBOl

rrapoBi

A.

MJIIIHII

BiTpOBIIMII

BIIHIIKaJIII

3YCTpi-

HaCeJieHIIX

Kpae3HaBU:JI

rro.[(eKy.IJ:II

cT.

3aBO.[(iB.

6araTbOX

rrpal(IOBaJIO cT.,

rrpoMIICJIOBOCTi

XIX

poKax

30Cepe.[(2KeHe

MiCTaX

rrepe6y.[(OByBaTIICb

6JIII3bKO

HaBiTh

raJIIIU:hKoro

XIX

rany3eH:

60-90-x

icHyBaJIO

OCHOBHOMY

50-x

po3BIIHYTIIX

fyu;ynnmiiHi

3a .[(aHIIMII

IIIeCTII

IJoqiiHa!Oqii faJIIfqiiHi

icHyBana

HaH:6iJihiii

Ha

fyu;ynnmiiHII,

TOqHiiiie

BII-

IIOCTyiiaJIOCb

rrpou;eci

KociBmiiHi

rri.IJ:IIPIIEMCTBO

rrpo

He

6yno

Kpa!O.

Bi.IJ:OMOCTi,

u;ereJibHe

.IJ:O

6opOIIIHa,

50-70-X

Ha

e

B

IIOCY.IJ:Y

MIIKYJIIfqiiHi,

MaH2Ke

KpiM

IIJIJIIIIKII,

.[(aHIIX.

BoRa

KTaX

mo

B

,fa-

JIKOCTi

CKJI03aBO.[(II,

CKJIJIHOrO

JIBIIme

ryu;yJihCbKOrO

.[(2Kepenax

Cxi.IJ:HOl

HIIl(TBO

CKJIO,

u;iKaBe

XapqoBa

qaeMo

fyu;ynnmiiHi,

IIi.[(IIpii€MCTB, B

CTapoMy

KyTax

qifCTO

Ha

BiKOHHe

ll,e

p03BIITKY

CKJIJIHIIX

reJihHi

CKJia

3aBO.[(

200

IIIJii<j:>y-

KiHhMII.

BiKOHHOrO CKJia, BIIp06JIJIJIII rrepeBa2KHO HaiiiBIIp030piiH IIOCY.IJ: i a

CKJI03a-

IIpOTJirOM

BepcTaTi.

BY3JiaMII

To.[(iiiiHi

fopiiiiHhOMY

OIIJiaTy me

IIpii

pyx

rry3IIpKaMII,

B BiH

po6iTHIIKiB

6oreMCbKOro",

TOprOBO-IIpOMIICJIOBa

me

,IJ:y6ea.

TyT .IJ:iJIB

rreqax

CKJI03aBO.[(iB

247

Mi3epHy

IliiBKII.

10-TII

6iJihiiiOCTi

.[(aJieKO

ryTa)

IIpiiBO.[(IIJIIICb

raJIIIl(bKIIX

CKJIO

B

3

Jla3apJI

HhOMY

3IIrMyH.[(a

MeXaHi3MII

BIIp06II

Ha

rrpal(IOBaJIII

CKJia

JIIIl(bKe

(CKJIJIHa

rri.IJ:IIPIIEMU:JI

IIi.[(IIpii€Ml(JI

ToM

B

a

MJIIIHiB. Cxi.IJ:Hiil

MaiiiiiHHOl TeXMJIIIHaMII,

MJIIIHII,

JIKIIX

OCHameHi


BoJtoiJuMup

248

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

HaHHOBiiiiOIO 0.IJ:IIH

3

MJIIIHiB

TeXHiKOIO.

rrepiiiiiX 6yB

TaKIIX

rro6y.IJ:OBaHIIH

B 1855 p. y JlbBOBi, H:oro BIIp06HIIqa CTaHOBIIJia IIIIIeHIIIJj IIIe

IIOTY2KHiCTb 5

Ha

TaKoro

BIIHIIKa!OTb iHIIIIIX 1865

3aCHOBHUKU

npOMUC!lOBOf CeimJtuHa

cniflKU

KiHU,5l

Ha

XIX

KociBII(IIHi

0T2Ke,

lX

12

MJIIIHiB

IIOTY2KHiCTh,

B

rrpal(JOBaJIO rropiBHHHHi

3pOCTaJIO,

aJie

y

npO.IJ:aX

Ta

B2Ke

B

B

faJIIIl(hKOMY 12,

a

B

rrapOBIIH

MJIIIH.

em.

Ha 3

fyl(yJihll(IIHII,

KaMeHHX

rrapOBIIMII,

MJIIIHII o6cnyroByBaJIII ryl(yJihChKi rOCIIO.IJ:apCTBa. Ha fyl(yJihll(IIHi

Ili3HiMJIIIHII

21

Ill,O.IJ:O Ha

piK.

rrpal(JOBano

1870

TOHH

TIIIIY

MiCTaX, pol(i

Kpa1

Fyu,yflbU(UHi.

TIICHq

BOHII H .IJ:aJii

4

-

6yna

Ha

TO

CTyrrax.

MeHIIIOIO.

ll,i

Ili3Hiiiie qifCJIO MJIIIHiB

3aJIIIIIIaJIIICb BO.IJ:HHIIMII.

3a

.IJ:aHIIMII CTaTIICTIIKII, B 1906 p. Ha KociBII(IIHi rrpal(JOBaJIO 24 BO.IJ:HHIIX i IIITyqHifll MJIIIH, IIITyqHifH,

1

a

Ha Ha.IJ:BipHHHII(IIHi B l(eH 2Ke

rrapOBIIH i

1

qac

-

28

BO.IJ:HHIIX,

ra30BIIH MJIIIHII, II(O CBi.IJ:qliTb rrpo rrepeoc-

Hall(eHHH TeXHiKII B HaiiiOMY Kpal. B

CIIIIpTOBO-ropiJiqaHiM BIIp06HIIl(TBi Ha fyl(yJihll(IIHi B2Ke Ha rroqaT-

KY XX

CT.

MIIHCbKOMY TIO

3YCTpiqaeMO IIOBiTaX.

po6iTHIIKiB

(5-8

ll,e

3 rypaJihHi B Ha.IJ:BipHHHChKOMY i 4 B Kono6yJIII .IJ:pi6Hi

qoJI.)

i

IIi.IJ:IIpii€MCTBa

HeBeJIIIKIIM

p03MipOM

3 MaJIOIO

KiJihKiC-

BIIIIYCKY IIpO.IJ:YKllil.

Cepe.IJ: 100 IIIIBHIIX 3aBO.IJ:iB Cxi.IJ:HOl faniiqiiHII, mo rrpal(JOBaJIII B 1870 pol(i, TiJihKII O.IJ:IIH rrpal(JOBaB Ha fyl(yJihll(IIHi, a TOqHiiiie Ha Ha.IJ:BipHHHII(IIHi, HKIIM BOJIO.IJ:iB rri.IJ:IIpiieMellh BO

IIpOTHrOM

122 .IJ:HiB Ha piK

BinhreJihM

rrpal(JOBaJIO

EyxMynep. TyT lliJio.D:o6o-

BChOrO

rr'HTh

po6iTHIIKiB.

XiMiqua npoMHCJIOBiCTb BoRa cipHIIKiB.

TiJihKII KpiM

II(O .IJ:BOX

poKax TaKa <j:> a6 piiK a

HapO.IJ:2KyBaJiaCb JlnBiBChKIIX rrpal(JO Ban a

B

3BO.IJ:IIJiaCb cipHIIKOBIIX

H a.IJ:BipHiH:.

.IJ:O

BIIp06HIIl(TBa

<j:> a6 piiK,

H a

y

60 -70-x

llhOMY rrpiiBaTHO-


ImocmpoeaHa MY

icmopi5l

ITi.I(ITpii€MCTBi

ITpal(JOBaJIO rO.I(IIH

lliiiMOHa

po6iTHIIKiB

.l(eHHO

cipHIIKiB JIKOl

13

IlpuKapnammR.

3a

Mi3epHy

icHyBana

3HaXO.I(IIJia

y

ToM

fy6epHaTa (3

-

Ha

4

2KiHKII

25-50

HII2KHhOMY

ITOITIIT

249

ITpOTJHOM

qoJIOBiKII,

ITJiaTy

3

i

i

6

l(eHTiB.

Bep6i2Ki

TOprax

200

6imr

.I(HiB

.l(iTeH)

Ha

ITO IIIiCTI,

Ilo.l(i6Ha

KonoMIIl,

piK

<j:>a6piiKa ITPO.IJ:YKU:iJI

lipMapKaX.

TeKCTHRhHe Bupo6uuuTBO lJ,eH:

BII.I(

ITpOMIICJIOBOCTi

6a3yBaBCJI

CiJihCbKOMY

MiCTeqKOBOMY

Hi,

Ha

B

T.

q.

JlnBiBCbKa TaX

CXi.I(HOl

BOBHJIHi Ha TBa,

TOprOBO-ITpOMIICJIOBa faJIIfqlfHII

oco6JIIIBO

ITpOMIICJIOBi

B

KiJihKiCTb

3JIOTIIX,

HaJiiqyBaJia

JIKi

a

HOITJIJIHoro

i

ITaJiaTII,

TKaJIII

y

faJIIfqlf-

B

CeMII

ITOJIOTHO,

ITOBi-

BepeTII,

ITOJIOTHa

KoJIOMIIHChKIIH OCHOBHOMY

Ha

rpy6oro

TKal(bKIIX

ITpli.I(IIBa Ta 35.000

ITOBiT ITOCTaBJIJIB fyu;yJihll(IIHi, CYKHa

B

CYKHa,

60-80-x

70-x

1.000

Ha.IJ:BipHJIHII(IIHi, poKax

.l(aHIIMII

poKax

150.450

Bi.IJ:eHChKIIX

l(bOMY

BapTiCTIO

BapTiCTIO

4.600

3JIOTIIX.

u;eHTHepiB

170.000

3JIOTIIX

BeJIII-

JlnBiBCbKOl

Ha.IJ:BipHJIHChKIIH

KO-

JiiKTiB TKal(b-

2K

l(eHTHepiB BOBHII,

3araJibHOIO

3'JIBIIJIIICJI

,faJIIIHa",

BIIHOCIIJia

Y

3JIOTIIX.

TKal(-

3arOTOBJIJIJIII

3a

ITOCTaBJIJIJIII

900

BapTiCTIO

JIKi

3BaHoro

BIIpo6iB

3aroTOBJIJIJIII

BapTiCTIO

B

TKaHIIH.

JIIIIIIe

KYCTapHoro

KociBII(IIHi,

y2Ke

ITi.I(ITpii€MCTBa,

JiiKTiB

BapTiCTb

JibHJIHOrO

Ha

ropax,

BOBHJIHIIX

3.500

Ha.IJ:BipHJIHII(IIHII

JiiKTiB

TKaqiB,

TKal(hKi

JibHJIHIIX

ITOCTaBJIJIB

KOrO

ITaJiaTa

po3BIIHeHe

IlyTIIJihChKIIX

ToproBo-ITpOMIICJIOBOl

TKaqi

Ha .l(pi6HOMY

icHyBaJIO

IIIIIpOKOp03ITOBCIO.I(2KeHOrO

6yno

HeBeJIIfqKi

9.000

11.200

KpiM

i

ITOBiT

qifHOM

3.1(aBHa

BIIp06II.

PaxiBII(IIHi

KY

rOJIOBHIIM liKe

fyu;yJihll(IIHi.

fyu;yJihll(IIHi,

rn:o

TKal(TBi,

(1870)

pou;i

3arOTOBJieHOl B

90.000

3JI.

600

.IJ:OCJirno

.IJ:OCIITh

piiHChKIIX.

lliKipsiHe BHp06HHUTBO Ha

fyu;ynhll(IIHi

BIICOKOrO Kpal

piBHJI.

BeJIIIKOl

KYIIIHipCbKIIX IIIKipii

B

.IJ:pyriH:

lJ,hOMY,

KiJihKOCTi Ta

.I(OCJirJia

XY.IJ:06II

IIIKipJIHIIX Ha

ITOJIOBIIHi

ITepe.l(yCiM, i

BMiJIIIX

BIIpo6iB.

KociBII(IIHi,

.l(e

XIX

cT.

CITpiiJIJia

BOHO

HaJIBHiCTb

peMiCHIIKiB

0co6JIIIBOrO 3.1(aBHa

ITO

y

ripCbKOMY

BIIp06HIIl(TBY

p03BIITKY

CITeu;iani3yBaJIIICJI

ITepepo6Ka Ha

l(bOMY


BoJtoiJuMup

250 BII)Jj

IIpOMIICJIY

MeHChKi

)ly2Ke

Ha)JTO

HII3bKOMY )l:JIJI

IIpiiKJia)l

BipMeHII

TOMY

CIIpOCTyBaHHJI

l(hOrO

TBep)l2KeHHJI

y

BipMeHChKiH IIOCeJieHl(iB

IIOBHiCTIO

CB0€10

BChOrO

B

B

He

<j:>a6piiKa JIIIIIIe

mo

72

B

BIIp06HIIl(TBO y

)lpyriH: )ly2Ke

piiHKaX,

Ha6yna Ta

rronoBIIHi

BIIIIpaBIIJIII

)laBHi

iHIIIIIX

y

JIKIIH

HaiiBII3a )laHII-

40

TIICJiq

B

II(O

3a

B

IIOMiq-

6yHTiB

ITO

3araJibHOIO

Ha

rrepiiie

p.

3 a

IIIKip

B

lliHaH:-

B

cT.

IIOIIIIT

CTaHicna-

3aXi)JHO-yKpalH-

B

BipMeHiB

Ha

KYIIIHipi

KeiiTapiB

fyu;ynhll(IIHi KociBII(IIHII,

JlnBiBChKOl

TO proB o-

Ha)]BipHJIHCbKOMY

IIpO)laJIII

800

3

€Bporri.

K02KyXiB,

)laHIIMII

JIIIIIIe

A.

BeJIIIKIIH

BIIp06II

XX

CJiaBIIJIIICJI

Ha

Micu;e

O)JJiry

rroqaTKY

po3BIIBanocJI

cT.

BipMeHaMII

carr'JIHOBi

rpy6IIX

IIOBiTi (op)JII-

3JIOTIIX.

KYIIIHipCTBO

MiCl(eBOMY

XX

rrpau;JOBana Ta6axapHJI

IIOCeJieHHJIX

3IIMOBOrO

800

KyTax

KOp)JOHOM.

lXHiX

5.000

KyTII

IIIKipii

3aH:MaJIII

1870

B

II

OC06JIIIBO

BapTiCTIO

rap6apCTBO

Tpa)JIII(il

cT.

qo6iT

JIKOl MaJia

H a)]BipHJIHII( IIHII.

14

B3araJii

CIIpOBII-

carr'JIH,

yqHiB,

12

rroqaTKY

MicTi

aJie

XIX

IIaJiaTII,

K02KyXiB

70

IIpO)JYKU:iJI

CKa3aTII,

IIOIIIIIpeHIIM,

KYIIIHipiB

y

o6po6Ka

cToJiiTTi

IIpOMIICJIOBOl

HapHIIX)

OCHOB-

crreu;iaJibHIIX

XIX

IIOIIIIITTJI

XIX -

poKax

BepXHhOrO

K onoMIIHII(IIHII,

BIIpo6iB.

B

CKJia)laJia

)JJIJI

BIIpo6HIIU:TBO

BIIpo6iB,

BapTO

XIX

IIIKip,

peMeCJIO. B

BipMeHChKIIX Ta6axapeHb,

MaHCTpiB,

cepe)]HbOMY

KyTaX.

IlpiiKaprraTrJI.

)JOCJirno

JIIIIIIe

B

oci6)

B

B Ha

HeBII-

B3JITII

3aHMaJIO

1.800

BIIrOTOBJIJIBCJI

30

(30

rronoBIIHII

70-80-x

CHJITIIHi

B

6yno

carr'JIHHe

MiCl(eBIIX

3eMJIJIX.

BIIpo6HIIU:TBO

B

KyTaX

Me2KaMII

6yna

M02KHa

fyu;yJihll(IIHi.

IIIKipii 3a

KyTaX

B

II(O

<j:>JIOpiiHiB.

xapaKTepy

JliiCl(i,

i3

)laJieKo

TIICJiqi

carr'JIHHIIX

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

6yno

Bip-

CTOJIJIO

BipMeHaMII

IIIKipJIHIIX

Ha

peMiCHIIKiB

HarrpJIMi

Ha

TaKoro

CbKIIX

130

B

Bci€1 )lpyro1

3ra)lye,

BOBi,

p.

120.000

TaKoMy

rrpoTJiroM )lep

carr'JIHHe

PiqHa IIpO)JYKU:iJI

IIIKip,

KOJIOHil

TBep)lliTh,

BIIpo6iB

HaJiiqyBaJIOCb

BIIp06HIIl(TBi

(Ta6axapHJIX)

1811

rrpal(JOBaJIO

BapTiCTIO

i

y

Ha

JIKiCTb

IIpO)JYKU:il

3arOTOBJIJIJIII

JIKicTJO

po3BIITKY

HIIKiB).

6

IIIKipJIHOl

p.

peMiCHifqlfX u;exax

JIKIIX

KYTChKi

BIIp06HIIl(TBO

piBHi,

1884

)]2KepeJI,

)JOCJii)JHIIKII

IIIKipJIHe

TeXHiqHoMy

crreu;iani3yBaJIIICJI

cnaBIIBCJI moro

IIIIIpOKOBi)JOMi

)leJIKi

raJIIIl(bKe

Micu;e

(y

BOHII

MII

CT.

BIIrOTOBJieHHJI

)l:oMiHyJOqe

HOMY

rap6api

rrepe6iJihiiieHO

XIX

IIOJIOBIIHi

COKOIO.

HY

KYIIIHipi,

peMiCHIIKII.

3)la€TbCJI, )lpyriH:

MiCl(eBi

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

Ha

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

IIpOMIICJIOBOMY

MaJIO

BIIp06HIIl(TBi,

CBOl

liKe

B


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

251

3

rrepiO.[( p03BIITKY KaiiiTaJii3MY He TiJihKII

He 3MeHIIIyBaJIOCJI, a iHTeH-

CIIBHO p03BIIBaJIOCJI. CTaTIICTIIKa Bi.[(3Haqa€, IIIO BIIp06HIIl(TBOM IIIKipii B

Cxi.[(HiH

rarriiqiiHi

IIi.[(IIpii€MCTB

y

IIOHa.[(

80-x 100

poKax

3aH:MaJIOCb

KYCTapiB.

3aHII2KeHIIM, OCKiJihKII, 3a HaiiiiiMII HaJiiqyBaJIOCb IIOHa.[( 160. fap6api TIIKII,

B

3JIOTIIX CbKIIX, 2.050 2K

1870

p.

BIIIIpaBIIJIII

piiHChKIIX a

i

8.000

op.IJ:IIHapHIIX

Ko2KyxiB

BOJIOBIIX

IIIKip

BapTicTio

crrocTepirarracb

)l,o6yBaHHJI Ta .[(aJihHOl erroxii. peMiCHIIKII

o6po6Ka

3a .[(aHIIMII CTaTIIC-

IIIKip

BapTiCTIO

B

BapTiCTIO 160.000

25.000

3JI.

piiH-

TaKIIX

3JIOTIIX

y

3arri3a,

1786 p.

T.

Ha

fyu;yrrhll(IIHi

IIp02KIIBaJIII

,raMapeHb"

T06TO 3arri3a 3

,.[(eMKII"

TaKa

<j:>eo-

3ra.[(yiOTh-

HarrpiiKJia.IJ:, a6o

y

,ryTHIIKII".

3a .[(aHIIMII .IJ:OCJii.IJ:HIIKiB, 6yrro

MeTaJioo6po6HIIX

PY.IJ:II.

cJira€

3 XVIII cT.

3BaHi .[(eMHIIKII.

B cepe.IJ:IIHi XIX cT.,

BIIrrrraBKOIO

piiHChKIIX.

supo6uuuTso

3arri3Ho1 PY.IJ:II

o6po6KII

6iJIJI 5J:peMqe,

3aH:MarriicJI

2.050

Eoropo.[(qaHax.

Ilpo raMapHi .IJ:OBi.IJ:Y€MOCJI rn:e 3

Ha IlpiiKaprraTTi 16

.IJ:pi6HIIX 3.[(a€TbCJI

IIi.[(paxyHKaMII, lX Ha fyu;yJihiiiiiHi

1.600

OBeqiiX

10

HaM

19 KYIIIHipiB BIIKOpiiCTaJIII 7.800 OBeqiiX IIIKip .[(JIJI IIOIIIIIBY

KapTIIHa

)l,opi,

qifCJIO

KoJIOMIIHIIIIIHII,

~eTanoo6po6ue

cJI

6JIII3bKO

0cTaHH€

B

U:IIX 2Ke

IIi.[(IIpii€MCTB,

JIKi

raMapHJIX oqiirn:arrii

PY.IJ:Y i BIIrOTOBJIJIJIII IIOCY.IJ:, l(BJIXII, KOrJIII Ta iHIIIi BIIp06II .[(JIJI rOCIIO.[(apIll,e B rrepiiiiH: rrorroBIIHi XIX cT. y Cxi.IJ:HiH: farriiqiiHi, JIK

CbKIIX rroTpe6.

rrepeKOHYIOTb .[(OCJii.[(HIIKII, rrpal(IOBaJIO PY.IJ:II,

a

KiJihKiCTh

po6iTHIIKiB,

CTaHOBIIJia 6.000 qoJIOBiK,

Y .IJ:pyriH:

rrorroBIIHi

CIITh aKTIIBHO

16 rreqell:

ITO rrepepo6u;i 3aJii3HOl

3 .[(epeBopy6aMII

ByrrrJipaMII,

BIIp06HIIl(TBO 3aJii3a CKJia.[(aJIO

600-800 TOHH.

XIX

p03BIIBaJiaCb.

cT.

pa3oM

MeTarroo6po6Ha

3arri3o 6yrro

6y.[(iBHIIl(TBa Ta iHIIIIIX IIpOMIICJIOBIIX IIi.[(IIpii€MCTB. y Cxi.[(HiH rarriiqiiHi HapaxoByBaJIOCJI 6JIII3bKO rrpii€MCTB. KaJIII

.[(JIJI

opraHi3au;il

Ha TaKoMy rrpiiKJia.[(i:

PeHapr,

CTaHOM Ha 1870

10 MaiiiiiHo6y.[(iBHIIX

piK rri.D:-

B

3arri3o3aBO.IJ:iB.

MIIKYJIIIqiiHi

ll,e

rrpau;IOBarrii

M02KHa .IJ:Ba

rro6aqiiTII

3arri3o3aBO.IJ:II

3arri3a.

3 .[(OKyMeHTiB JIIIKiH

.IJ:O-

3aJii3HifqHoro

IJ OIIIIT Ha 3aJii30 6yB BeJIIIKIIM, IIi.[(IIpii€Ml(i TiJihKII II IIIy-

Micu;JI

<j:> a6 piiKa

rrpoMIIcrroBiCTh

IIOTpi6He .[(JIJI

rrrii6IIHi JIKIIH

Bi.[(OMO, 6yrrii

MaB

II(O

B

Bi.[(KpiiTi

rrpoMIIcrroBi

1852

p.

IIOKJia.[(II

IIi.[(

MIIKYJIIfqlfHOM

3arri3Ho1

3arri3oo6po6Hi

PY.IJ:II.

Ha HeBeKarriTarricT

rri.IJ:IIPII€MCTBa B Cirre-


252

BoJtoiJuMup

3il, BIIBi):(aB rrpo XIITpOCTi

Ta

IIOKJia,[(II

o6MaHy

6epe3i IlpyTa, ,[(nJI

3ani3a 6inJI

cenJIH

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

MIIKyniiqiiHa i

3aKyiiiiB

rpyHTII

3a ,[(OIIOMOrOJO

ryu;yniB

Ha

rrpaBOMY

,[(e Bi):(KpiiB HOBY <j:>a6piiKY, JIKa BIIpo6nJina peHKII

raniil(bKIIX

3ani3HIII(h,

II(O

6y):(yBaniiCJI

B 70-80-X

poKaX.

TaKIIH 3ani3o3aBO!J: (3ani3Ha raMapHJI) Taro 2K rri):(rrpiiEMU:JI PeHapra B crrinu;i 3 iHIIIIIM

KarriTanicToM -

-

IJaciqHiH, ,[(e

rrpal(JOBaB Ha TOll qac

y

fycTaBa

<l>pi):(epiKoM EyxTyenneM MeXaHi3MII

IIpiiBO,[(IIniiCb y

pyx ClinOID BO,[(II. I xoq y IJaciqHiH BHacni,[(OK He,[(OCTaTHbOl KinhKOCTi

PY!J:II

raMapHJI

3

qacoM

3aHerrana,

3ani3HIIX rroKna):(iB

y

u;eH3a

MapieHHe

MaH3a

fyu;ynhll(IIHi, 150.079

):(e

,[(e

3

Cxi):(HIIX

1857

u;eHTHepiB

rrpo

KaprraTax cBi):(qaTh IOniJIHa

poKy

3ani3Ho1

O):(HaK

B

11

Ha

piqHo

OCHOBHIIMII

rrynhCaMII

ryu;ynhChKoro

IIOKna,[(aMII

CaMO,

nJI

Ha<j:>TII,

Bp02KaHHIIMII

BII):(06yBanOCJI

KaprraTChKi KOpiicHi 2KIITTJI

B):(JiqHa rrpiipo):(a Haropo):(IIna 2KIITeniB coni,

BiH-

EyKoBIIHChKiH:

npOMHCJIOBiCTb

BoRa 3):(aBHa 6yna rroiiiiipeHa Ha fyu;ynhll(IIHi. 3aniiiiiiiniiCb

rri):(rrpii€MCTBa

KaniiTII

KOIIanbHJIX

6araTCTBO

PY!J:II.

,ll,o6youa

KOIIaniiHII

BeniiKe

030piiTY TaK

JIK

BepXOBIIHl(iB.

Kpa!O

6araTIIMII

MeiiiKaHl(iB

Ilo):(in-

3eMnJIMII.

ConJIHe BIIp06HIIl(TBO fyu;ynhll(IIHII Ma€ CBOIO 6araTOBiKOBY iCTOpi!O,

ll BII):(06yTOK coni,

l(bOMY

poBeCHIIK rrepiiiiiX IIOCeneHl(iB l(hOrO 2KIIBIInhHOMY

IIOKna,[(y,

B

rrepiiiy

Kpa!O.

qepry,

3aB,[(JIKII

IIOJICHIO € TbCJI

3aceneHHJI fyu;ynhll(IIHII. BnyqHo rri):(MiTIIB O!J:IIH i3 rrepiiiiiX ):(ocni):(HIIKiB icTopil l(hOro Kpa!O, 2KIITenh cena :1Ka6'e Co<j:>poH BIITBIIl(hKIIH, KOnii rriicaB

y

1862

IIOCTiHHOrO Y

l(iH

p.,

MiCl(JI

KHII3i

p03BIITKY

3

COnJIHIIX

Bi):(HOCIIH (XIII -

mo

,cinh

caMe

6yna

TIIM,

mo

3aoxoqyBana

!J:O

oceneHHJI cepe):( ryu;ynhChKIIX OKOniil(b". iCTOpil

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

IIpOMIICniB

B

OKpeMa

rrepiO):(

yBara

IIpii):(inJI€TbCJI

<j:>eo,[(anhHO-KpiiiOCHIIl(bKIIX

rrepiiia rronoBIIHa XIX cT.), JIKi crrpiiJinii IIIIIpoKo-

MY p03BIITKY IIpOCTOrO TOBapHoro BIIp06HIIl(TBa i 3B'JI3yBanii B O,[(He u;ine

TepiiTopiJO

IIIIIpOKIIH YKpalHi

-

p03MaX

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

3

coneTopriBni,

KOnOMIIHl(iB,

T06TO

13 3aXOIIneHHJIM ABCTpi€10

Ha):():(HirrpJIHChKOJO JIKa

H

IIOpO,[(IIna

TOprOBl(iB

faniiqlfHII

YKpai"HoJO OKpeMy

ryu;ynhCbKOIO

Bi):(eHChKi

BnacTi

qepe3

Ha3BY

Ha

cinn10. IIOCTYIIOBO

MOHOIIOni3yBanii COnJIHe BIIp06HIIl(TBO Ha IlpiiKaprraTTi, B T. q.

i Ha


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

253

3

fyu;ynhll(IIHi, Ha KOpiiCTb MOHapxil, '!liM ITOpyiiiiinii KOMITneKC ITi.[(C06HIIX ITpOMIICniB y Kpa!O. )l:ocni.[(HIIK €. A. J!l(KeBII'I ITIICaB: ,ConeBapHa ITpOMIICnOBiCTb CTBa

fanii'IIIHII

HaBKOnO

i

3.[(aBHa 6yna O.[(HIIM

coneBapeHb

naBnJOBaHHJI PY.IJ:II, '!aCTIIH

.[(0

Ka.[(OB6II,

i3 HaH:6inhiiiiiX .[(JKepen 6araT-

CITpiiJina p03BIITKY 6araTbOX ITi.[(C06HIIX ITpOMIICniB".

BeJK,

BIIroToBneHHJI KOTniB, B03iB,

60'IKII,

o6py'IiB

.[(0

KOniCHIIKII

TOpryBanii

ITpOMIICnii JIK BIIIT-

KOBIIIiB,

60'IOK

Ta

ITOCY.IJ:Y, MeTaneBIIX

iH.

B03II- ,ITpaconKII",

BeJKi, 6y.[(IIHKII, KOBani KyBanii l(BJIXII i coneBapeHb

IT~C06Hi

BIIHIIKanii TaKi

bOH.[(api TeCnJipi

po6IInii 6y.[(yBanii

pi3Hi MeTaneBi '!aCTIIHII.

ninJI

KYITI(i- ,ITpaconii".

KoniiiiiHi KOponiBChKi coneBapHi 3 Ma€TKiB, T. 3B. KOponiBII(IIH, Ha TepiiTOpil

fyu;ynhll(IIHII,

JIK

Ha

iHIIIIIX

TepiiTOpiJIX

A Bi.IJ:HOCHO ITpiiBaT-

aBcTpiH:cbKIIH YPJI.IJ: BKnJO'IIIB y .[(epJKaBHY Ka3HY. HIIX coneBapeHb,

TO

3

ypJI.[(OBIIX

ITaTeHTiB

6a'!IIMO, II(O y BnaCHIIKiB-MarHaTiB i nii

coneBapHi

1779 p.

B

i

aBCTpiHChKIIH

BIIII(i

ryu;yniB -

JIK TIIX,

CTOniTTJIMII

JIKi

ypJI.[(

1773,

1776

1786 poKiB

IIInJIXTII Bi.[(eHChKi BnacTi 3a6pa-

KOMITeHCyBanii lX iHIIIIIMII

.[(epJKaBi BeniiKi ITpii6yTKII.

IlpiiKapiTaTTJI,

BBiB

Ma€TKaMII.

MOHOITOniJO

Ha cinh,

II(O .[(ano

ll,e, ITO-ITepiiie, BaJKKO Bi.[(6IInOCJI Ha CTaHO-

II(O o6MiHJOBanii cinh Ha 36iJKJKJI, TaK i TIIX,

CITel(iani3yBaniiCJI

Ha

l(IIX

ITpOMIICnax,

II(O

6ynii

.[(nJI

HIIX 3aco6aMII ITpOJKIITKY. IJo-.[(pyre, y 3B' JI3KY i3 BBe.[(eHHJIM MOHOITOnil l(iHII Ha cinh 6ynii ITi.[(BIIII(eHi, BHacni.[(OK '!OrO TOpriBnJI He!O i ITi.[(C06Hi peMecna, JIKIIMII 3aH:ManocJI ripcbKe

HaceneHHJI,

3aHeiTanii.

II O'IIIHaJO 'III 3 .IJ:pyro1 ITonoBIIHII X IX cT., aBcTpiH:cbKIIH YPJI.IJ: peopraHi3yBaB .[(epJKaBHe yiTpaBniHHJI coneBapHoro BIIp06HIIl(TBa. HOBIIM 'IeHi

17 rpy.[(HJI

ITaTeHTOM Bi.[(

.IJ:O

BapeHHJI

Ta

ITpo.[(aJKy

3ri.IJ:HO

3 pecKpiiiTTOM

6HIIl(i,

BITpOBa.[(JKeHO Bi.[(

ITO

peani3au;il

u;ie1

)l:IIpeKl(il .[(epJKaBHOl Bi.[(ITOBi.[(HO coneBapHi .[(JKyBaniiCJI

.[(0

1 niiiTHJI Bci

u;i

yiTpaBII

Bi.[(OMCTBa

ITi.IJ:nJiranii

KpaH:oBiH:

Ka3HII. .[(epJKaBHIIX

Ha TepiiTOpil faniil(bKOl

u;eHTpax

coneBapHa yiTpaBa cKna.[(anacJI .[(a'IiB ITaHBII,

HaToMiCTh,

1856 poKy .[(nJI BIIp06HIIl(TBa coni

HOBOOpraHi30BaHIIX

.[(BOX

niKBi.IJ:oByBaniicJI.

MiHicTepcTBa .[(epJKaBHOl cKap-

( coniHapHi), a .[(nJI ITpO.[(aJKy coni -

ITpo.[(yKu;iL

yiTpaBniHHJI B

coni,

(oronoiiieHHJI)

yiTpaBniHHJI coneBapHi

3ri.[(HO 3

1853 p., ITOITepe.[(Hi yiTpaBII, ITpii3Ha-

KocoBi

,IJ:enJITIIHi.

3 yiTpaBnJIJO'Ioro,

B03HOrO, niKapJI

i

coneBapHIIX

fyu;ynhll(IIHII B

a.[('JOHKTa,

yiTpaB

30Cepe-

,IJ:enJITIIHi

2 HarnJI-

KinhKOX 'IIIHOBHIIKiB, a yiTpaBa ITO


254

BoJtoiJuMup

CoJteeapH5l

B

Koeoei,

CeimJtuHa

3BaHa

BIIp06HIIl(TBY

rrpo~a~y

ponepa. TyT,

y coneBapHi,

BapHoro

yrrpaBniHHH

yrrpaBnHIDqiitt, ~aq

CaJtiHa,

XIX em.

KiHU,5l

a~'IDHKT,

TO

cny~6oBel(h,

~0

em.

ApeeHuiJa

ttoro

CKna~y

HarnH~aq

KOHT-

Ill,o~o

po6iTHIIKiB.

niKap,

1 MaHCTep i B03HIIH. Ilpii

MaiiiiiHII,

II.

3 yrrpaBnHroqoro

rrpau;roBano 55

KocoBi,

noJtoeuHi XIX

iJpy<iCi

B

36ipKu

cKna~anacH

coni

B

l3

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

cone-

BXO~IInii:

rraHBII, HarnH-

rrpo~yKyBaHHi

coni B KociB-

ChKitt coneBapHi rrpal(IDBano 50 po6iTHIIKiB. YrrpaBa ITO BIIp06HIIl(TBY rrpo~a~y

coni

cKna~anacH

3 yrrpaBIITenH i

KOHTponepa.

IIicnH U:IIX peopraHi3au;itt KoniiiiiHi rrpiiBaTHi coneBapHi B 6araThOX Micu;Hx 6ynii

fyu;ynhll(IIHII 3aKpiiTi

IJeqeHi~IIHi,

(1786 p.),

Cno6o~i

rrax, IIicTIIHi, KiBu;i,

3aHerranii,

coneBapHi

B

rrepecTanii

EaHi

p.).

cinh.

TaK,

CTorrqaToBi

CBipchKitt EaHi, 5!6nyHeBi, KocMaqi, YTopo-

PyHrypchKitt, KaM' HHU:i II eqeHi~IIHChKitt, Map-

Xoq Ha TepiiTOpil fyu;ynhll(IIHII ~~epena,

rri~

Micu;eBIIM

~IITenHM

Jliiiiie

rri~rrpii€MCTBO O~HaK

B

cinh, i TO B ~aBano

~nH

)l:enHTIIHi

~OCIITb

rOTOBOl

KociBChKa

Ta

ypH~OBU:i

~oMaiiiHhoro

BHoqi, ryu;ynii qeprranii

KocoBi

rrpo~yKyBanii

B 6araTbOX MiCl(HX 3aniiiiiiiniiCH ~aH~apMepiH

ypH~oBi

~nH

TpiiMa-

~03BOnHnii

i 3arp030ID ITOKapaHHH, He

6paTII copoBIIU:ID

rrepeBa~Ho

B

II(e

ane aBcTpittcbKa

CYBOpiiM KOHTponeM

HeiTOMi THO,

coni.

(1793

M ono~HTIIHi, JI aHqiiHi Ta iHIIIIIX Micu;Hx fyu;ynhll(IIHII.

coneBapHi nii lX

rrpo~yKyBaTII

Eepe3iB

y~IITKy.

TinhKII

ce6e copoBIIl(ID.

coneBapHi

yrrpaBniHHH

BeniiKIIX p03Mipax. PiqHo l(e COnHHe

rrpo~yKl(il

68.000

i ,IJ:enHTIIHChKa cinh

l(eHTHepiB

cTporo

BIIBapHOl

po3rro~inHnacb


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

3

255

MiCTaX 3a BHCOKi

ITO ryrrynhChKHX cenax

rriHH.

ABCTpiHChKi

qHHOB-

HHKH ITO oco6rrcTHX ~oroBopax 3 yiTpaBHTenHMH coneBapeHh ITpo~aBa­ nrr

cinh ciTeKynHHTaM,

BTPH~opora

a Ti

ITpo~aBanrr

nrr rrinHMH TH2KHHMH BHCTOJOBanH 3 B03aMH 6inH THHChKOl coneBapeHb, ll,e

BHTpaqanHCH

He3a~OBOneHHH

BHKnHKano

MiCrrHX Bi~KpHBanHCH

6araTbOX

-

ITHIIIe B

IJiCTHHi, coni".

1862 p.

liTO

MaH2Ke

BoceHH

qoMy

1862

B.

iH2KeHepoM

KpOK, p.

liTO

TO

ypH~

y

TaK

MaJOqH

B iHIIIHX ITpOBiHrriHX iMITepil,

MHCniB

Ha

1810 porri

IlpHKapiTaTTi. B

3BaHHX

fanrrqHHi

~o6yBanaCH

18 60 p. -

nHIII e y

,11,epeBoo6po6ua

cinh

8,

Kpal?

3aKpHnH xoq

a B

,rpy3ax"

ITOKna~H

BenHKY

BH~HO

ll,e

B

(ypoqrrrrri) coni.

fyrrynhiiTHHH

IlOHCHIO€TbCH

6araTo 3 20

6inH

~2Kepena

nho~oBo1

KinhKiCTb

6rr y

ConoTBHHa,

6araTi

HaceneHHH

pi~HOMY

CBO€MY

BnacTi,

me

B KocMaqi i

HK

3YCTpiHe

o6Me2KHB

~2Kepen

HaHBHHX, TO y

~HTH

Ha TaK

KORell.

OCKinhKH

3 qacOM B YTOpOITaX

coni.

ITO~i6HO

K02KHe

B )Ka6'e

cinh

aBCTpiHChKi

Kpa!O,

6yno BHHBneHo 6araTi

aBcTpiH:cbKHH

~nH

ITaiiiy

,B oKonHrrHX PocinhHOl i

BHTBHrrhKHH, -

KirHoM

BHKOpHCTOByBaTH THM,

C.

2KHTeniB

ITOKna~H

JlaHqrrHi Bi~HoBneHo coneBapHi.

KociBCbKOl i )l:enH-

Ha Hiqnir i

y

11 cenHHaM. fyrry-

conHHHX

Taro,

rrro

-

y

ITpo-

Konrr

pO~OBHIITaX

1875 p.

rre

coneBapHHX

i3

B

500

pO~OBHIITaX.

9

JiiCOUHJihHa npOMHCJIOBiCTb

ll,e 6ynH OCHOBHi rany3i BHp06HHrrTBa Ha fyrrynhiiTHHi.

H e3Ba2Ka!O-

qrr Ha HaHBHiCTh BenHKHX niCOBHX 3aiTaCiB pi3HOpO~HOrO i ~o6pOHKiC­ HOrO ~epeBa, KaiTiTani3My

~epeBoo6po6Ha

B 185 6 p. y Cxi~HiH:

i

nicoiTHnhHa ITpoMrrcnoBiCTh

Cxi~HiH

p03BHBanacb y

fanrrqHHi ~y2Ke

B2Ke

7.

XapaKTepHOIO

B

OCHOBHOMY

pHCOIO

cepe~HHH

ilhOrO

IToqrrHaJOqrr

3

3aHeiTa~ana,

a nicoiTHnhHa

fyrrynhiiTHHa

J! KIIT 0

fanrrqrrHi 6yno nHIII e o~He BenrrKe ~epeBoo6po6-

He ITi~ITpH€MCTBO, Ha HKOMY ITparrJOBaB 71 icHyBano

B ITepio~

ITOBinhHO.

60-x

rre

poKiB,

IToqana

TepHTOpiH

6ynH

BH~Y

po6iTHHK, TO B 1865 p. lX TapTaKH.

BHp06HHrrTBa ~epeBoo6po6Ha

6yno

Te,

liTO,

ITpOMHCnOBiCTb

3pocTaTH.

cyrrinhHHX

niCOBHX

MaCHBiB,

6e3ITe-

peqHo,

B ilhOMY ITpOrreci ITpOMHCnOBOrO p03BHTKY 3aHMana Hane2KHe

Micrre.

MaH:2Ke

~HnHcH

Bci TapTaKH,

Ha IlprrKapiTaTTi i

HKHX HaniqyBanocH

ITepepo6nHnH

6inhiiie

200,

KapiTaTChKHH nic.

3Haxo-


256

BoJtoiJuMup JlicoBa

IIpOMIICJIOBiCTb

pattoHax JIIIKe B

6yna

qac

JIOBOrO

JIK

iHIIIi

ChKIIX pattoHiB CTa):(il

peMecna.

):(aTII

6yno

500 y

Fyu,yJtbebKi

XIX

6II.

em.

TOByBaJIII

ryu;yniB,

po60TII. ):(pOB, JIII

IlpiiqoMy,

JIKi

3a

KaTop2KHa.

yMoBax,

B

36y):(OBaHIIX

BCi

l(e

B

<l>paHKO,

Mi3epHy

rrepeHOCIITII

lX

rona):(

IIJiaTHIO, XOJIO,[(

}J:o o6-

BIIKOTeMHO-

po3'€):(HaHiCTh.

EiJihiiiiCTb po6iT l(i Ky,

JiiCOIIpOMIICJIOB-

Bi):():(aBaJIII iHO):(i

IIi):(p JI,[(qlf-

HaBiTh

O,[(HO-

Fyu,yJtu CeimJtuHa

Ha

,[(0 Hi2K

Jtieop03po6Kax. KiHU,fl

MaCOBIIX BIIKOpiiC-

HeiiOCIIJihHi

,3Blfqat!:Hi ropax",

po6iTHIIKiB-

Ka6aJIII,

50

MaCIIITa-

,[(JIJI JiiCiB

BIIKOHyBaJIII

ryu;yJihChKIIX

OTpiiMyBaJIII

6yno

Bi):(

BeJIIIKi

HattripiiiiiMII

piiCTOBYJOqlf TY

lEaH

Kpe):(IIT, pii3IIKY,

c¢epy. OXOIIIIB

KaprraTChKIIX

YMOBaX

BKJia-

IIpii6yTKiB,

KOJIII6ax,

3JIIIrO,[(Hi.

rrnyTyBaJIII

BII,[(aMII

II(03IIMII

3aTpaT

BIITpiiMyBa-

Taro 2K rri):(rrpiiEMU:i

ryu;yniB

3ayBa2Ky€

BOHII

Tpe6a

Ba2KKIIX

KarriTa-

6e3

HaiiiBII!J:KO

3IIMapKaX, TII

JIK

y

rrpaKTIIKYIOTbCJI

Jiicopy6iB.

6yna

JIKi

BIIp06HIIl(-

JIIIXBapCbKIIH

JlicorrpOMIICJIOBl(i

BIIpy6oK

rrepiiiOl

BIIri):(Hiiiie

piqHifX

BIIp06HIIqy

3

TOprOBO-CIIeKyJIJITIIBHi

,[(O,[(aTKOBIIX Bi):(COTKiB

IIpOMIIC-

Micu;eBIIM

O):(ep2KyBaJIII

JliCOIIOBaJI

Jtieopy6u.

KiHU,fl

CeimJtuHa

B

BOHII

6e3

B

Be-

ripCbKOKaprraT-

BIIHIIIJIII

3HaqHo

KaiiiTaJI

orrepau;il ,[(e

He

JIK

BIIp06HIIl(TBO,

KaiiiTaJiiCTifqHoro

nicTaM

ripCbKIIX

raJiy3i

BIIp06HIIl(TBa

TBa

B

opraHi3oBaHa

KaiiiTaJiiCTifqHe

TOH

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

XIX

em.

BIIpy6II

BIICHa2KyBaxoq B

po6oTa JiiCOBIIX


Ko11U6a

MY

3

Ty.

po6iTHIIKiB,

B

CBOIO

TaKa

He

qepry

l(eH

CeimfluHa

BOHII

mo

6yrra

XX

p03paXOByBaJIIICb

ITi.IJ:pJI.IJ:qliK

ITpau;i,

nolfamKy

HaHMaB

CTBOpiOBarra

BIIri.IJ:HOIO

em.

3a

BIIKOHaHy

OITJiaqyBaB ITocepe.IJ:HIIKa

KaiTiTaJiiCTY

i

po6o-

po6iTHIIKiB. MiJK

HaH:Ma-

ITOCepe.IJ:HIIKY,

arre

rricopy6y. po6oTa

KOJIII

ITepeBaJKHO JIJIJIII

rric

JIKIIX

3aroTiBJii

.IJ:O

.IJ:O

qepeMoiiia,

.IJ:pyro1

<l>.

lliMiKa,

oKpy3i

MiJK

HiarrhHIIH

1871 qepry,

ITO Ha

Ha

XIX

3a

EyKoBIIHChKiH:

pOKII

y

i

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

.IJ:O

rricoBiH:

XX

lEaH

cT.

CKO pOTIIJIIICJI

10

3

BII.IJ:06yBaiOTb

y

30BciM

u;noro 3

rip

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII

)l,oBroiTiJihChKOMY

.IJ:O

nyKOBIIHi

TIIC.

BIIHII-

ITpe3II.IJ:eHTa

BIIHIIII(eHo.

ITpii3BiB

IliBHiqHiH Ha

<l>paHKO

KpaHOBOrO

ITpOMIICJIOBOCTi B

.IJ:OCTaBCKJia.IJ:iB,

cyiTpOBO.IJ:JKYBaBcJI

fyu;yrrhll(IIHi

ITJIOII(i

ciTrraBaMII

ITpOMIICJIOBOCTi

rric

piqoK,

ITOTOKaMII".

CBi.IJ:qeHHJIM

-

.IJ:O

OCHOBHIIX

fyu;yJihll(IIHII Ta

B3IIMKY,

CITOC060M,

.IJ:epeBO

3Bi.IJ:KII

BIIB03IIJIII

3

IlyTIIJIOIO

JiiCOBiH JiiCOBi

3py6aHe

TIIcii,

piKaMII y

BIIKOHyBaJiaCb

ITpiiMiTIIBHIIM

3a KOP.IJ:OH.

IToqaTKY

MaCIIBiB.

xapaKTep

i

a6o

.IJ:epeBO H:oro

po3BIITOK

BIIJKHIIU:eiO

1898

CTJiryBaB

IlpyTa

,3py6aHe

JiiCOBIIX

OCHOBHOMY

Ha ITPO.IJ:aJK

CITJiaBJIJIIQqlf

ITOJIOBIIHII

meHHJIM

B

ryu;yrr-po6iTHIIK

TapTaKiB

iliiirro

KaiTiTarricTIIqHIIH

rricy

TO

ITpau;eiO,

MiCl(eBIIX

ITIICaB:

BeCHOIO,

BeCHa,

BaJKKOIO

u:e .IJ:epeBo

ITpiiBO.IJ:Y aJK

ITO

HaCTyiTaJia

BIICHaJKeHIIH

3

JIKIIM

po6iTHIIKOM,

BcJI a

3

opraHi3au;iJI

HIIM

flicopy6ie.

ra.

TOrO, i,

B

KorroII(O

3

ITepiiiy


258

BoJtoiJuMup

CnJiaBH J!cKpaBOIO CTOpiHKOIO KaprraTChKoro J!K HIIX 3

Bi):(OMO,

piqoK

HOropy.

piKy

l(IIX

IlpyT.

e pe 3

i

fHiTem.

IJ,i

IIJIIIBYTh

Ta Ta

KOpiiTa

q

i ,[(0

CTpiMKi

MiCl(JIX

rpaBiJO

EiniiH:

niJIIIH

):(Bi

CIIJiaBJIJIJIII

3aXO):(y,

q

piqKif

Teqe

CBO€MY

qac

qopHIIH

a

IIiBKOJIOM

ceJii

,[(e

BIIa,[(a!OTb

rrepe6op1010Tb YcTepiKiB

KaMiHHJI.

BHaCJii):(OK

ycTaTKyBaHHJI

CIIJiaB

KOMyHiKal(il

):(epeBa

6araTi

qop-

Y CTepiKII

Hlf2Kqe

IIaBO!J:KY

6yB

cxi):(,

II(JIJIXY

a

TeXHiqHoro

HeM02KJIIIBIIH

Bi):(IIOBi):(HOl

B

rOJIOB-

rroqaToK

CHJITIIHOM,

rreperopO):(II, IIi):(

Ha

cT.

,[(BOX

6epyTh

BeJIIIKIIM

IIi):(

Ha

TeqiJIX

BoHII

e p eM om

3anyqqJI

Bi):(IIOBi):(HOrO

pycJia

Bi):(CYTHiCTb

qepeMom

XX

rroqaTKY ITO

qepeMomy.

0 pHIIH

IIpiiHeCeHoro 6e3

JiiC

IIpOIIJIIIBa€

CKeJIIICTi

BIIIICaHa iCTOpiJI CIIJiaBiB

XIX -

rronoBIIHi

qopHoro

CTOpOHY

Teqi£10

rrepeiiOH

TOBKII

q

B

6araTbOX

6araTO

rip

B JiiTOIIIIC fyu;yJihll(IIHII

):(pyriH:

Einoro

-

ua ryu,yJihlli,HHi

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

CXO,[(JIThCJI

CIIiJihHOIO

B

B

Ha

-

rnii6oKIIX

qepeMOII(

y

nicy

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

i

B

IIi,[(rO-

,[(aBHIIHy.

JiiCII

He

6yJIII

eKCIIJIY a TOBaHi.

I

JIIIIIIe

IIOTiM ):(epeBO

B

1848-1850

iH03eMHa 3

l(IIX

<j:>ipMa

rJIII60KIIX

poKax ,fiiT3 rip.

crroqaTKY i

3

):(ep2KaBHi

KoMIIaHiJI" l(i€10

BJiacTi

rroqaJIII

MeTOIO

B

ropiiiiHiH

Einoro IIIY

i

BO,[(OHMII

(KJIJIB3II),

peBa.

3arrymeHa

BO):(a

iJepeea

piKaMu

Fyu,yJtbU{UHU.

nolfamKy XX em.

KyT

Ha

u:e

ryu;yJIII i

IIeBHIIH

IIJIOTII,

Ha3IIBaJIII

3

):(epeBa

):(apa-

BeJIII

qacoM,

,[(OCBi):(,

3B.

3aTpii-

B

IIJIOTOrOHII

,[(e-

T.

):(epeBo

qepHiBU:iB.

KOJIO,[(II

CKIIHyTi

KOJIO,[(II

B 'JI3aJIII

JOqii

CeimJtuHa

3py6aHi

,peiiiiTu;i"

!J:O

CnJtaeu

3arroBHJOBana

CIIJiaBJIJIJia

EinJI

6aMII,

Mani JIKIIX

MyBaJIII JIKi

piK

3

crrycKanacJI,

HhOrO

a

qepeMo-

6y):(yBaTII

crreu;iaJihHO

y

qacTIIHi

qopHoro

rroqaJIII

pyCJIO

ABcTpil,

BIIKOpiiCTOByBaTII

lX

Ma-

IIJIIIByqi

3aTpiiMyBaJIII


ImocmpoeaHa JIIICJI JIKa

icmopi5l

qopHIIH

Ane

TaKIIH

BIIJIOBIITII BiJihHO

IIo-rrepiiie,

po6IITII

3

YcTepiKiB.

XIX

Teqil

Ha

3

i

ToMy

Ha

H:oro

KOJIO.[(aMII

B

Ha

peiiiiTKY

3a

.[(epeE,

a

IIIO

IJo-.[(pyre,

.[(OBO.[(IIJIOCb 3aTpiiMyBaTII

CrroqaTKY

rpy6IIIi

rrpoTJiroM

6yB

.IJ:03BOJIJIJIII

.[(aJii.

HaMaraJIIICJI

IIJIOTII.

peiiiiTKa, IIJIOTII.

He

IIJIIIBJIO

6eperii,

y

6yna

qepeMoiiii

IIi.[(IIpii€MIJj

B'JI3aTII

p.

H:oro

IIpii6yTTJI

IIaBO.[(.[(IO

rrpo.IJ:OB2KyBanocJI

XX

rroqaTKY rroqaJIII

py6aHi

BIIIIYIIIeHa TO.[(i

Taro

IIIe

Ha

3aB.[(aBaJIII

i:x

HOBJIJOBaTII Ha

Bi.IJ:

Ti

6y.[(OBII

H

l(e

B.[(aBa-

.[(aJii

Bci€1 .IJ:pyroi:

3

i

IIJIIIBJIII

rronoBIIHII

qacy

CIIJiaB

3a

.IJ:Opora,

<j:>i3IIqHQl Ta

3HOBY

i

BeJIIIKi

.[(epeBa

3

IIIO

a

He

TOll

.[(Ba -

Ane

.[(0

piKII,

rraBO.IJ:KII TO

H

IIOB

,KepiBHIIli-

qac

.[(Ba

Ha

IIIO

BIIIIa.[(KOBO

ycTaHoBa

B

BII-

pycni,

qacTo

TOMY

BO.[(OHMIIIIIa: a

B

6eperii

opraHi3oBaHe

BCe

rrpocTJiranacJI

piKII, JiiC,

B

rrepiiiy

MaH2Ke

Ha

OCHOBi

BO.IJ:He

-

Ha

EinoMy

6y.IJ:iB-

qOpHOMY

qepeMoiiii,

Tpe6a

6yno IJ,e

KiJihKa Ha.[(TO

205

a6o

H:

MYCIIB

KaMiHh

ryl(yJIII

Ha

Ha

Bi.[(6yBeJIIIKa

BIIpaBHOCTi,

IIIJIJIXY.

Ha3IIBaJIII IIJIOTII

Bi.[(

.[(OCKOHaJIO

JIKiHCb

B

IIpOl(eC

iHIIIOMY

3araTaMII,

.IJ:HiB

3HaTII

rrepeiiiKO.[(i,

Hal2K.[(2KaJIII

KiJihKaHa.[(l(JITh

YCKJia.[(HJOBaJIO

rip

6yna

KM.

BiH

HacTyiiHi

IJ,e

3aJie2KaJia

3aTpiiMyBaBCJI JIKIIH

ryl(yJihChKIIX

IIJIOTiB.

qepry,

K02KHIIH

KOJIII 3aTOp,

Ha

IIJIOTapJI.

3aTpiiMyBaJIOCJI.

B'JI3aTII.

HaHrJIII6IIIIIX

3B'JI3aHIIX

BMiJIOl opraHi3al(il

CIIJiaBHIIH

qoro

.IJ:pyriiH:,

A

qepe-

TIIM,

IIJIOTII.

HarJIJI.[(aTII,

rrpal(JI,

6yno

lliii6eHoMy),

CIIJiaBiB,

CTBOp!OBaB .[(epeB'JIHIIH Jii.[(OK

4

rr.

qepeMOIIIy".

.[(OIIOMOrOJO JIKa

IIOBOpOT

BIIIIa.[(Ky

i

BO.[(II

TaK

opraHi3oBaHa

qepeMoiii

rro6y.[(yBaJIO

E<j:>eKTIIBHiCTb

K02KHIIH

piKII

pilli

piBeHb

pycno, T.

Einoro

CTJiryBaJIII

rrpaKTifqHiiiii

IIOCTiHHO

Ba2KKa

6yna

i

JIKIIX

CIIJiaBJIJITII

JIK

cKeJih

6yna

cT.

.[(0

IlepKyna6i.

TiJihKII

piqKoBa

IJ,e

XX

Ha

IIi.[(HiMaJia

.[(OBO.[(IIJIOCb

(B JlocKyHi

l(hOrO

BaBCJI

KaMiHHJI,

qopHoro

6yJIII

CIIOKiHHO

yrropJI.IJ:KyBaTII

peryJIJil(il

BoHO

qepeMoiiii

qac

MOrJIII

po60TII.

rroqaTKY

qacTIIHi

BO.[(OHMIIIIIa,

BO.[(OHMIIIIIa

.[(eJIKIIH

TO

3.[(o6yToro .IJ:OCBi.IJ:Y

MapieM

IJ,i

6yno

IIIKO.[(II,

BepxHiH: BeJIIIKi

IIJIOTOrOHII Tpe6a

HIIliTBO.

y

Jiicy.

BO.[(a

oqiicTIIBIIIII

KyTax

cT.

6y.[(yBaTII

KOJIO.[(II

CaMe

i

.[(0

IIOIIIK0.[(2KyBaJIII

TOHKIIMII

TaK

qacTO

1914

B

B'JI3aHHJI

CTOJiiTTJI.

MOIIIY

TBO

KOJIO.[(II

BIIIIIiH

IIIe i

rreperopo.IJ:II

liKe

Bi.[(IIIKO.[(yBaHHJI. y

.[(epeBa

259

3

TyT

.[(epeBa

CIIJiaBy

BCe .[(epeBO,

IIJiaTIITII

ToM

qepeMoiii.

BIIJIOBJieHHJI

crroci6

IIJIIIByqi

.[(epeBO JIOCJI

EiniiH:

.[(JIJI

HeBIIri.IJ:HIIM.

.IJ:O

i

CJIY2KIIJia

IlpuKapnammR.

BHaC-

O.[(IIH

po36IIpaTII

CIIJiaBy.

Ha i:x


260

BoJtoiJuMup B

3B'JI3KY

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

3

U:IIM

qanocb

Kpame

crrnaB.

YBecb

q

Ha

IIIJIJIX

q

OpHOMY

BO,[(OHMIIII(a JiyqqJI

ro !J:O

JlOCKYHJI

6yno

)K a 6 '

O,[(HOMY

3

TIIX

30

TiJihKII ):(o6pe

MOBIIH

CeimJtuHa

K

'lepeMoUJ.

XX

nolfamKy

I

JIIIIIIe

HOBi

B

TIO!J:OBi,

,IIOCBi):(qeHHJI

HopMaJibHIIH HaHKpall(IIX KM,

2

aTMOC<j:>epHi TII2KHi.

3MiHII,

3aJie2KaJIO

Bi):(

TaK,

II(O

M02KHa

a

H

MiCJIU:JIMII

TO

HO

Ce30HY,

BaJIOCJI CJI

Ha

TO

KIIH

qac

iHIIIIIM

u:e

6paK

Bi):(

6yno

BO,[(II,

TOqHy

,[(aTy

piBHJI

CBOlX

pi3HIIX

rroqiiHaBCJI

,[(0

3B

3

-

3araTII,

,[(JIJI

MaH):(piBOK

iHIIIOMY

BII):(aBaJIIICJI

KiHl(JI B

MaH2Ke

iHIIIIIX

):(epeBO,

6epe3HJI,

,[(eKOJIII

KOJIII i

pyCJIO i

2-3 60

nyBaJIO

Bi):(Hoc-

3aiiOBHIO-

3aKiHqyBaB-

piKII.

3aroTiBJIJI

ryu;yniB-po6iTHIIKiB. fyu;yJihll(IIHi

Ha

TII2KHJIMII,

yMoBII.

JibO!J:Y,

3aMep3aHHJIM 6yna

CIIJiaB

146

qepe3

HeM02KJIIIBO,

<j:>aKTOpiB. a

crrpiiJITJIIIBi

ropax CHiry

CIIJiaBy

Ilpii

rrepeiiiKO!J:II

qacTi

3aTpiiMyBaJIII

Ha

BO,[(II.

6o

Ta

qeKaTII

CTaHy

IIpOTJI2KHiCTIO

IIOCYXII

ITO

qifHOBHIIKOM

IIJIOTap!O.

rrnoTiB,

YMOB,

6yno

rrepe):(

,[(JIJI

, CIIJiaBJIJIB IIJIO-

3anyqqJI,

pi!J:KO,

CIIJiaBIITII

!J:OBO!J:IIJIOCJI

CIIpaBOIO

Bm-

IIIICb-

yrrpaBJiiHHJIM

T

MiCl(eBIIM

CTOCII

CIIJiaBy

BO,[(II, ,[(eHb

rrpo6JieMOIO

JIKIIH

cBoro

IIJIOTOrOHaM.

Bi):( JlocKyHi

JIIICTOIIa,[(a

HeJierKOIO IIi):(

HaKorriiqyBaJIIICJI

3aJie2KaB

3a

rrepeBipKII

rrepe):(aBaB

BHaCJii):(OK TaHeHHJI

rroqaTKY

Ba2KJIIIBOIO 6yno

):(e

ane

6yno

BiH

BO,[(OIO

):(epeBIIHII

CIIJiaB

):(Hi,

BII3HaqiiTII

IIiCJIJI

CIIJiaBy"

CIIJiaB

YMOBaX

rrpoxo,[(IIB

BCe

CTaHy

JIKIIH

em.

Ha CBO€MY Bi):(pi3KY

(MaHiiiyJIJITOpOM)

Ha

BII):(aHIIH ):(ep-

BO,[(HIIM

0 JI 0 M H ' ;

e-

Ha,[(aBaJIOCb

OTpiiMyBaB

qeHHJI CIIJiaBy TII JIIIIIIe

CIIJiaBy

rrnoTapJO,

rraTeHT,

2KaBHIIM

3

TIO!J:OBa !J:O

pycno

BiH

Ha

Bi):( Jloc-

Bi):(pi3KiB,

TOMY

TIIHKY.

3

KM,

3HaB

3 a-

Bi!J: )K a 6 '

o , i

IJpaBO

BIIHOCIIB

CnJtaeu Jticy Ha p.

er

-

Bi):(

,[(0

po3):(iJieHo

TIO!J:OBa

3anyqqJI.

crrnaBy

epeMOIIIi

CeKTOpii-Bi):(pi3KII KyHi !J: o

rrepe):(6a-

opraHi3yBaTII

J!KiB

KOJIO,[(.

ll,e

fOJIOBal(b-

CIIOCTepiraB

3a

Ba2K-


ImocmpoeaHa KOIO

po60TOIO

TaBKY TII

icmopi5l

.[(0

i

IlpuKapnammR.

3aroTiBeJibHIIKiB

piKII

3

MiCl(JI

CITJiaBJIJITII

y

ITi.[(ITOJIOHIIHHIIX

HIIH

JiiC,

(KOBaKII,

6iJiaHII)

CITJiaBy.

.[(0

)l:eKOJIII

6peBeH

BOHII

O.[(HOMY

.[(0

6pOBHY,

piqKif

T.

liKe

3

ITpo

u:e

pii3II

-

pii3Y

BeJIIIKOIO

B

.[(aJie-

ropii

JiiC.

TOBap6pOBHa

.[(JIJI

3pyqHoro

i3

TaK

i

TOBCTi

.[(apa6II)

6pOBHa

ITOMi2K

BO.[(OIO

piqHoro CTJiraHHJI

Ha

BIICOKIIX .[(eKiJihKa

ropaMII

HarOTOBIIBIIIII i

.[(OCpy6a-

.[(JIJI

TJirHyThCJI piKII.

ITOJIIIBa!OTb

OITIICaB

6y.[(iBeJibHIIH 3

(ITJiaCTII,

MiCl(JIX

3B.

JIKi

CITJiaBHOl

6poBeH,

KOTJITb

He.[(OCTYITHIIX

TOqHo

BIIHattMa!OTbCJI

yiTpaBIITeJiiB

BIIpy6y!OTb

KOpii

KOpiiTa,

.[(y2Ke ryu;yJIII

Ka3eHHIIX

BOHII

i3

ITpii6y.[(OBYIOTb

B3.[(0B2K

KiJihKiCTb

.[(epeBa

i

ITpiiTOKII

B

ITpii6y.[(oBa,

BepCTB

Jiicax,

o6JiyiTJIIOIOTb

261

3

, TeiTep

ITOMill(IIKiB

KIIX,

6IIKax

3py6y.

ToM

ITO

Jie.[(y

ITO

.[(0

Ha

MqlfTb

CKOpiCTIO

6inniiiY

ITYCKa!OTb piKII

ciTycK". Ilo.[(i6Ho HIIU:hKIItt: JIJIIII(i

ITIICaB

B

,

Ta

PJI6iiiiiiH

CMepeKII,

iHIIIIItt

MII

oqeBII.IJ:eU:h

6aqiiJIII,

JIK

3

o6qiMXaHi

3

JieTIITb,

cyBa!OqlfCb

ITO

CTpiMrOJIOB

KpiM

BIIpy6aHIIX

KOJIO.[( .[(epeBa,

ITpaKTIIKyBaJia BO.IJ:HIIX. Bi.[(

Bcix

fpiiHJIBII

Ta<j:>Jii

B y

p03ITOBi.[(aJIII, 3aHypeHi

KY.IJ:II

BO.IJ:Y,

i

a

II(O

Ha.[(

B

Ilpo6iHa

i3

CITiJIKa (niBa

ITpiiTOKa

IT06y.[(yBaJia

He

B

KOJIO.[(II

Ha.[(

Ha.IJ:

.[(epeBa

Einoro l(IIMII

ITOTOKaMII

piqu;i

nicHIIU:TBa.

IJpo6iHa

(14

KM

Jiicy.

<j:>ipMa

.[(epeBa

ITOTOKaX (ITpaBoro

p03TaiiiOBaHi

B Bi.[(

1860 YCTJI

IIaMatt-

,fiiT3"

Ha

fpaMOTHe

6yJIII

6inh-

TapTaK,

qepeMOIIIa.

qepeMOIIIi CITJiaB

ITi.[(ITpii-

3aHeiTa.[(aJIII.

BO.[(OIO

qepeMoiiiy)

.[(ep2KaBHoro Ha

Ha

3.[(iHCHIOBaTII

Jie.[(Be

TIIM

BeJIIIKIIH

qepeMoiiieM

6yJIII

TO

Ha.[(iH

ITpiiiTIIHeHo.

ryu;yJihCbKOrO

TpaHCITOpTyBaJIOCJI

3-4

ITJIOTapi

.[(OIIIKII

ITYHKT,

IT06y.[(OBaHO

ITO

3aHyp!OBaJIOCJI

BIIITpaB.[(OByBaJIO 6yno

IToqiiHa!Oqii

CTapi

.[(Bi

KiHl(eBIIH

,fiiT3"

TapTaKaX

B'JI3aJIII

KaMiHHJI. a6o

Ha

10,

6yno l(aJiiB

O.[(Ha

6yno

TapTaKII

He

CITJiaBOM

fpiiHJIBChKoro

,fiiT3"

p.

3 pi3aHi

IToqaJIII

IJpo6iHII).

ll,e

1895

y

noKaJihHi

piBHoqacHO

faJIIIl(bKa

ITpii6yBaJIII

BO.[(OIO.

JIIIIII e

HiKOJIII

CITJiaBy

ITIIJieHoro .[(epeBa

qepHiBl(JIX

CITJiaBJIJIJIIICJI

.[(OITJIIIBY

KOJIII

1,5

06

)l:epeBO

<j:>ipMa

ITIIJieHe .[(epeBO

o66IIBaJIOCJI

lnh-

CITYCKaJIII

KOpii.

ITIIJIJIJIII

qepeMoiiia

II(O

3

poKaX

JIKi

)l:OIIIKII

BIIJIBIIJIOCJI,

IToqaTKY

ITepeBe3eHHJI

IIocTyiToBo

nicii

Ha

KyT.

ropii

.[(OJIIIHy".

1870-1890

B

B.

Kpae3HaBel(h

o6i.[(paHi B

.[(OII(OK,

6eperax .[(0

qacTO

II(O

JIIIBHe .[(epeBO 2Ke

0.[(HaK

3aJIIIIIIaJiaCJI

€Ml(iB, IIIe,

y

Ha

J!BipHIIKa

BO.IJ:Y

raJiy3ett

qepeMOIIIeM

TapTaKiB i

ITJIOTII.

qacOM

O.[(Ha

CITJiaB

TpaBi,

-

CTpiMKOl

pou;i

6araTi <j:>ipMa

qepeMOIIIa),


262

Bo;zoiJuMup

BO)J;OHMIIII(e, yen!

l[hOrO

,n:epeB

i

KaHaJI, 6yB

a

,n:pyre

ITOTOKY

ITYCKaJIII ITJIIIBJIO

IJpoTe

3

)];0

B

i3

qacoM,

,n:epeBO

ITO

liKe

IJpo6iHII

rJIII6IIIe

)];0

)];0

JiiCiB

3aCeJieHHJIM ITOTOKaX

fpaMOTHe,

CJO)J;II

fpaMOTHe,

ITOTiK

CITJiaB

Ha

IJpo6iHII.

pyCJIO

qepe3

3)J;iHCHeHIIH

)J;OBiJihHO

BO)J;OHMIIII(e

l[IIX

14

Jiicy

KY

3

piql[i

l[IIM

1885

y B2Ke

p.

IIIOl CBiTOBOl BiHHII JIIIIIIe

1921

B

HenerKoJO HIIl[hKIItt,

BaJIII

TaK:

,n:apa6II

i

6yna

TaKIIM

ryl[yJiaMII,

fpaMOTHe

3

,n:o

i

B

TaK

IT06y,n:oBaHe

ITOB'JI3aHe

BO)J;OHMIIII(e

ITpal[JI

CaM

TOHKe

6yno

qifHOM

3HIIII(eHe,

B

3B'JI3-

BO)J;OHMIIII(e,

Ane i

ITJIIIByqe

ITOIIIKO!J:2KYBaJIO

6iJihiiie

,n:epeBO.

MattcTpyBaHHJO

l[IO

,n:epeBO

po6oTy

y

lX

B

pli!J:,

3BIIqattHo

CITJiaB,

TBOpliTbCJI

Il;lim

)];0

O!J:HY

)J;Ba

ITJIOTa,

BITpaBHIIX

ITpiiTOKaX

ITepeHOCIIJIII

6epera. O)J;IIH

ITO

6 aqiiB

JiiCiB

rpy6IIIe

ce6e

,n:pyriiM,

l[e

YKJia,n:aJIII

Y2KIIChKOJO IT06iq

IJpo6iHi

KOJIO)J;II

B

qac

i

IJep-

Bi)J;HOBJieHO

ttoro

B.

lnh-

pol[i.

JIKIIH

3rpoMa)J;2KeHe

Ha

CITJiaBJIJIJIII

Bi)J;

,n:epeB'JIHIIH

6eperii, i ITi,n:ITpii€Ml[JIM ,n:oBOJJ:IIJIOCJI CITJiaqyBaTII BiJJ:IIIKo,n:yBaHHJI.

ITO

KM

KM.

TepiiTOpitt

IJpo6iHa

3

qepe3

qepeMOIIIy.

Ha

7,5

Ha

3aB03IIJIII BiJihHO,

Fpa6oeeu,oKUU

piK

TapTaKa,

,n:apa6II.

ryl[yJiiB,

BO)J;OHMIIII(aX a

3

TOHIIIOrO

,n:apa6y

3a

ryl[yJIII

36IIBaJOTh

TaKIIX

,n:pyro10,

CITJiaBII

,n:apa6II.

nepeee3eHH5l

ITIICaB,

moiJeu

II(O

COpTy36IIBaJIII

ITpiiB'JI3YJOqlf ITO

3B'JI3YIOTb

20

JIJIIII[h

O)J;IIH

3a


ImocmpoeaHa CaM ITO

icmopi5l

rrpou;ec

piu;i

6yB

crrJraBy

H:oro

3.IJ:iH:-

CHIOBaJIII

KiJihKa

IIJIO-

3a

po6iTHIIKiB.

J!.

OIIIICOM

Bal(bKOrO, 33a.[(y

ry-

BIIpaBHIIX

U:YJihChKIIX

fOJIO-

crrepe.[(y

.[(epeE

JIIOBanocJI

rrpiiKpirr-

.IJ:OBre

no,

3a

JIKIIM

ITO

O.[(HOMY

crrepe.[(y

Bee-

CTaBaJIO ryu;yJIOBi;

CTOJIB

Il;wmocoHu.

BrrpaB-

CKJ!lbnmop

HIIH KepMaHifq, .[(OCBi.[(qeHIIH

y

CBOlH

,fyu;yn

XaTi,

BiH

.[(0

KyT,

03epHOl

IIi.[(BO.[(HIIH

aCTO

HOBJIIO€

cepe.[(

.[(0 .[(epeBa, BIIII(IIH

-

.[(0

qifcJieHHi CTpiJIII

BrrpaBHIIX TII

.[(epeBo

y 3

CIIpaBJIJIJIIICJI. .)J:eKiJihKa BaJIII

i

fanau;a

3a

BCi

-

Ha

TOrO, .[(apa6II

TIIX

CIIJiaBaX ryu;yniB a2K

i

IIi.[(pJI.[(qlfKII .IJ:O

fOJIOBal(bKIIH

i

rrpiil2K.[(2KaJIII

He TiJihKII

Bi.[(

riipna

3ra.[(yBaB

TOBapHIIH

6iJihiiie

qaci

qepeMOIII

51.

B

JIKiH

fonoBal(hKIIH. Ha TaKIIX

KepMaHifq

CIIJihHO

Ha JiiKOTb

3aHypiD!OThCJI

B

BCTa-

IIpiiKpiiiJIIO€

BIICOKIIH,

a

.[(pyriiH

CBOlM .[(aJihiiiiM

y

BO.IJ:Y,

6iry

crrycKa!Oqiich

IIOporiB".

qopHoropil

J!.

a

3

CBOlH

PJI6IIHI(JI

IIpOlXaTII

,To.[(i JIKi

Bi.[(

y

CKOKII-BO.[(OIIa.[(II ...

IIpOCIIJIIICJI KyT.

JIIO.[(IIHa.

rreqi

o6MiJIIIHY,

ryKII,

CTiJihl(i,

II(O

CIIJiaB

rrnoToroHiB

qlf

HOrii,

Ha

BeJIIIKY

MOCTII,

:1Ka6'ero

rroporii, .[(e 3

piqHifll

po6oTy

CII.[(iHHJI, .[(JIJI

CIIJiaBIIJIII

B

rrpo

Jie2Kaqlf

TOqHiCTIO

HhOrO .[(Ba

HIIII(IIH

poKiB TOMY

600

EopuceHKO

BIIHaXi.[(JIIIBa

3y6ax,

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

.[(0

crrnaBJIJITII H:oro .[(aJibiiie rro

Bi.[(IIaJieHIIH

3

rrpo

ITO

IIJIOTa .[(JIJI

KOpa6eJibHIIH

3py6aJIII

BaM

crrora.[(II

qepeMOIIIY

O.[(IIH

B

IIi.[( MOCTaMII,

MaH.[(piBHIIKII ITO

JieTOM

IIi.[(IIpii€MqiiBa

Bi.[(MiTIITh

cBo1

.[(apa6ax

Mae

.[(y2Ke

p03Ka2Ke

KaMiHh

3aBepiiiye

q

i

JIIOJibKOIO -3aiiiKaHKOIO

KypHiH

Ba!leHmuH

crrpaBi.

6yBaJia

Mi.[(HOIO

263

3

Bi.[(IIOBi-

.[(aJibHIIM,

TOrOHiB,

ToM

IlpuKapnammR.

JiiC 3

y

1878

.IJ:O

3

qifM

pou;i

TaKIIH

i3

qOpHoropO!O,

CaMOIO KyTII

i

caM oro TY2KIITb

Mon.[(aBil,

qepHiBl(i,

.[(o6pe erri3o.[(:

3aKyrroByi

ryu;yJIII

HO BIIHHJIJIIICb

EaKoTy i .IJ:O caMoro

riipna ,IJ:yHa!O. 3a

CIIJiaBJIJI-

BOHII

rri.IJ:PJI.IJ:qiiKII

rip B

3aB2K.[(II

BIIHaHMaJIII

IIi.[(

IlpyTy B PoMaHiB Topr,

BepcTB,

XaTII,

qacTO

,IJ:yHa!O,

CBOlMII

Ane

ropaMII:

ryu;yn,


264

Fpa 6oBeu, b/W u

BoJtoiJuMup

Feii nAuny R

no J(ynaw,

I maK cu iJyMaw: ,HeMa HK y

Kpam,ux namoMy

Oii neMa m HK TaM )J,e

6yJIO

cniBaE

30Cepe,!12KeHe

fyu;yJibll(IIHi? BaX

qlf

Ky,!1II

B03aMII?

mo,

neMa m

mo,

Kpai"na.

PycbKa

KomnaR

cniBano<toK, Kparo!

KO.!lOMUiiKu

iJiB<tuna ".

TapTaKOBe

BIIp06HIIl(TBO

B

u;ell:

qac

Ha

3fpOMa,!12KyBaJIII KapiTaTCbKe ,!1epeBO, qlf ITO CITJia51K

y2Ke

6yJIO

CKa3aHO,

TapTaKII

6y,!1yBaJIIICJI

Ha

KociBII(IIHi ITO ciicTeMi Einoro i qopHoro qepeMoiiiy, 1x HaniqyBanocJI B 70-90-x poKax ITOTY2KHiCTb lX

10,

O):(HaK,

BIIp06HIIl(TBa,

qepe3 6paK ,!12Kepen He

KiJihKiCTb

IlpoTe ,11emo 6iJihiiie ,!10Bi)1y€MOCJI B

60-70-x

poKax.

r.

ITi,!1ITpli€Ml(iB

TyT

3aHHJITIIX

ITpo TapTaKII

nicoiTIIJihHIIX

TapTaKiB

y

BCTaHOBJieHa

HIIX

Ha

6yno

po6iTHIIKiB.

Ha):(BipHJIHII(IIHi 4

BJiacHiCTh

<I>. EyxMyenepa. BoHII ITpal(JOBaJIII Ha BO,[(i.

PoraHa

0)1IIH 3 U:IIX TapTaKiB 6yB y MIIKYJIIIqiiHi.

Ha HhOMY

10 po6iTHIIKiB 3a

169 ):(HiB Ha piK ITIIJIJIJIII 500 KOJIO,[( Ha 25 TIICJiq IIITYK pi3HOfO ,!1epeBa. )J,pyriill: IT0)1i6HIIH TapTaK ITpau;JOBaB y ceni IlaciqHa, ,11e ITpOTJiroM ):(HiB IIITYK

Ha

piK

8

pi3HOfO

po6iTHIIKiB MaTepiaJiy.

o6po6JIJIJIO TpeTiH,

800

KOJIO,[(

Hall:6iJibliiiiH

3a

,!1epeBa CBOlM

Ha

160

45.000

p03MaXOM,

3HaX0,!1IIBCJI B CeJii IlHiB 6iJIJI Ha):(BipHOl i ITpal(JOBaB Ha ,[(BOX KOJiaX. 80 po6iTHIIKiB

160 ):(HiB

KOJIO,[( ,!1epeBa Ha 3eJieHa

Ha

piK

y ,[(BOX 6y,!1IIHKaX ITepepo6JIJIJIII

100.000 IIITYK

Ha):(BipHJIHCbKOfO

pi3HOfO

ITOBiTy

y2Ke

20 TIICJiq

ITIIJieHOfO MaTepiaJiy. B

70-80-X

ITapoBIIll: TapTaK, JIKIIH o6cnyroByBaBcJI 6-Ma KiHhMII.

poKaX

Y CeJii

ITpal(JOBaB

Po6iTHIIKII u;I>oro

TapTaKy Ha 36 ITIIJiaX i 2-X U:IIPKYJIJipKaX o6po6JIJIJIII 26 TIIC.

Ky6iqHifX

MeTpiB JIJIIIHOBOfO i CMepeKOBOfO ,!1epeBa Ha 160 TIIC. Ky6iqHifX MeTpiB ,[(OII(OK, B

6pyciB,

516JiyHbKa

C.

KOJIO,[( i JiaT.

,!10KyMeHTax

3ra,!1y€ThCJI

4

noropo,11qaHCbKOfO

TapTaKII ITOBiTy, ,11e

B

:IKa6'eMy,

a

TaK02K

y

B CITeu;iaJibHOMY 6y,!1IIHKY,

ITpliCTOCOBaHOMY ,!10 JiiCOITIIJihHi, po6iTHIIKII ITIIJIJIJIII ,!1epeBO i ITp02KIIBaJIII. 51K ITOKa3yJOTh <j:laKTII,

B 60-70-x poKax XIX cT.

HIIX TapTaKaX ITpal(JOBaJIO ITOHa,[( KO

100 oci6, JIKi

Ha 4-x nicoiTIIJih-

piqHo ITIIJIJIJIII 6JIII3b-

100 TIICJiq ,!1epeB i o6po6JIJIJIII ,[(OIIIKII, 6pycii, JiaTII. CJii):( ITi,!1Kpec


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

265

3

niiTII lX nOTY2KRiCTb: JIK Ra Ti qacii, TO BORa 6yna .IJ:OCIITb noMiTROIO. KpiM

BO.IJ:JIRIIX

(y

napOBIIH TapTaK, BeniiKY

MIIKyniiqiiRi, JIKIIH,

TOprOBO-npOMIICnOBOl nocTaBnJIB TIO

JIK

KinhKiCTh .n:epeBa

62.019

125 TIIC.

BKa3aRO

3nOTIIX,

B

1870

6y.IJ:iBenbROrO

20 TIIC.

Ca2KRiB

M'JIKOrO .n:epeBa BapTiCTIO 260 TIIC. Ra

5

BO.IJ:JIRIIX

44.110 mTyK

mTyK naT

niinax

l(IIX

BapTiCTIO

7.550 3n. Ta 2.528 CnocTepiraJOqii

3arOTOBnJIB

H:

o6po6nJIB

3a .n:aRIIMII

JlnBiBChKOl

pou;i

Ha.IJ:BipRJIRChKIIH

noBiT

MaTepiany 3aranbROIO

BapTiC-

naniiBROrO TBep.n:oro,

40 TIIC.

6yno

BIIrOTOBneRO

166.914

mTyK

3nOTIIX,

224.000

Kin

Kin .n:epeBIIRII BapTiCTIO TaKy

me

TaK,

noKna.IJ:iB,

99.257

6yB

3nOTIIX. }]:ani CnOCTepira€MO, mo

TapTaKiB

3ani3RifqRifX

B Ha.n:BipRiH:

BIIme,

fyu;ynnmiiRII.

nanaTII,

mTyK

IIaciqRiH:),

aKTIIBi3au;iJO

y

1.870

.IJ:OmoK,

roRTiB

p.

34.920

BapTiCTIO

1.540 3nOTIIX.

niconiinhROl

nicoo6po6Ro1

npoMIIcnoBocTi, JIKa Mana Micu;e Ra KociBmiiRi i Ha.n:BipRJIRmiiRi, MII 3aMIICnJO€MOCJI: 3ell:?

ll,e

qifM

BIIKniiKaRIIH

nOJICRIO€TbCJI,

3

l(eH

O.IJ:ROrO

npou;ec y BIIp06RIIl(TBi rany-

6oKy,

30BRimRhOTOproBenhRIIM

o6opOTOM, OCKinhKII 3pOCTaB eKcnopT 6y.IJ:iBenbROrO .n:epeBa, 3 .IJ:pyroro 6oKy -

noTpe6oJO

3a6e3neqeRRJI niconiinhRIIMII

ni.n:npii€MCTBaMII

.n:epeB'JIRIIX noKna.n:iB .n:nJI 3ani3RIIqRoro 6y.n:iBRIIU:TBa.

Po3BIITOK nico-

niinhROl npOMIICnOBOCTi cnpiiJIB .n:epeB006po6ROMY BIIp06RIIl(TBY, liKe noqano moH:Ro po3BIIBaTIICJI.

KpiM ReBeniiKoro BIIpo6RIIU:TBa rRyTIIX

Me6niB y JlbBOBi, B 70-80-X poKaX npal(JOBaB ReBeniiKIIH napKeTRIIH 3aBO.IJ: 6inJI

Ha.n:BipRo1,

JliconiinhRe CbKIIX niciB. B2Ke TO.IJ:i

Ra JIKOMY TPY.IJ:IInocJI 40

BIIp06RIIl(TBO

BIIMarano

BeniiKOl

po6iTRIIKiB. KinhKOCTi

TaKa MaCOBa BIIpy6Ka niCOBIIX MaCIIBiB Ra

BIIKniiKana RecnoKiH.

KapnaT-

fyu;ynnmiiRi

HeBIIna.IJ:KOBO B niTepaTypi BKa3yBa-

nocJI, mo ,Ti TPII TapTaKII oroniinii Ha.n:BipRJIRChKi ropii 3 1x niciB i l(IIM 36inhmiinii panTOBi i mopiqRi MaH2Ke nOBO.IJ:i".

Ha«t>To,21,o6ysua npoMHCJIOBiCTh BoRa

noci.n:ana

npoMIIcnoBoMy

B

.n:pyriH:

po3BIITKY

nonoBIIRi

XIX

IlpiiKapnaTChKoro

cT.

Ba2KniiBe

Kpa!O.

Micu;e

BIIJIBneRRJI

B Ta

BII.IJ:06yTOK Ra<j:>TII Ra fyu;ynnmiiRi Ma€ CBOIO l(iKaBy iCTOpi!O. }J:ocni.IJ:RIIKII me B cepe.IJ:IIRi XIX cT. noMiTIInii, mo nepBicRe icRyBaRRJI a6o, ToqRime, BIIJIBneRRJI coni i Ra<j:>TII cTano o.n:RoqacRIIM JIBIImeM. Pi3RIIU:JI

nonJirana

B

TOMY,

mo

cinh,

JIK

npo.n:yKT

.n:o

cno2KIIBaRRJI,


BoJtoiJuMup

266

BIIKOpiiCTOByBaJIII

3pa3y

JieHHJI,

JIK

a

Ha<j:>Ty,

o6po6JieHIIH

B ):(pyritt

Ha<j:>Ta

CTaJia

BIIXO):(Jiqii cyBaJIII,

IIO):(iJIIITII rrepio):(

YCKJia,[(HeHHJI

HOJO

€ThCJI

B

TeXHiKII

TeXHiKOIO

IIOIIIIIpeHOIO

u;ett

qac

opraHi30ByBaJIIICb Ke

BTOprHeHHJI

CIIJiyaTal(iJI IIIIIX Ha

IIpOTII

l(eHTpii

Cno6o):(a

a6o

cT.

poKiB

rrpiiMiTIIB-

B

):(06yBaHHJI.

Ma3ett,

<j:Jap6yBaHHJI

Jl:pyriitt

TOll

qac

pp.)

-

l(e

qac

oqiiiiieHHJI

rrepio):(

(3

HIIIJia

pa30M

3

i

p.)

CTaJia

TIIM

BOCKY,

3aC-

):(06yBaHHJI.

BIIp06HIIl(TBa,

3pOCTaJIO

IIOCIIJIIIJiaCb

rro

TeXHiKII,

xapaKTepii3Y-

rrpou;ecy

6iJihiii

OCBiT-

1860

pyqHOl

KOHl(eHTpal(iJI

TOBapiiCTBa,

KaiiiTaJiy,

(3

Ha<j:JTII

1864

BIIrOTOB-

IIIKip,

rrepio):(

iH):(YCTpiaJii3al(i€10

):(pyritt

XIX

rronoBIIHi

JIKIIH

Ha<j:JTa

B03iB

Ha

cxo):(i

Ha TepiiTopil c.

(rrepeBa2KHO

CMapyBaHHJI

,[(JIJI

Ha<j:JTOBOl IIpOMIICJIOBOCTi.

POIIHIIM,

rrpocoqyBanacJI CeJIJIHII

B

PyHrypcbKa

B XV-XVII 30JIOTIIM

60-x

xapaKTepii3yBaBcJI

pi3HIIX

aKl(iOHepHi

a

):(O

IlepiiiiiH

XII2Kal(b-

2KOpCTOKOIO

eK-

6opOTb6a Tpy):(JI-

eKCIIJiyaTaTopiB.

IlpiiKaprraTTi

OCHOBHi ):(i

BeJIIIKi

po6iTHIIKiB,

Ta

TeMIIaMII

iH03eMHOrO

cT.

ITO

M02KHa

JiiKyBaJibHOrO

TpeTitt

TeXHiKOIO,

BOCKY

3'JI-

JieHHJI

CBep):(JiiHHJI

IIIBII,[(KIIMII

TeXHiKII

,[(JIJI

JieHHJI.

naMrrii.

raJiy3310

Ha<j:JTy BIIKOpiiCTOByBaJIII

MaCJia,

racoBo1

rrepepo6-

rrepiO):(II.

XVI

cT.)

1884

TocyBaHHJI

Tpii

XIX

,Jlu6aK" HarjJmu

JIIIIIIe

u;noro, ):(OCJii):(HIIKII

Ha<j:JTII

(Bi):(

I

BHacni):(oK i

Ba2KJIIIBOIO

p03BIITOK

Ha

He-

p03BIITKY.

3

IIIO

):(06yBaHHIO

cT.

BII):(06yTKY

IIpOMIICJIOBOrO

iJo6yealf

X IX

rronoBIIHi

BIIJIB-

BIIKOpiiCTOBy-

rocrro):(apcTBa.

y):(OCKOHaJieHHJI KII

IIiCJIJI

,[(O,[(aTKOBIIH

MaTepiaJI,

BaJIII ):(JIJI rroTpe6

nepumu

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

i

qacTO

PyHrypii

Ha,[(aBaJia

ll

-

BII):(iJIIIJIIICJI

bOpiiCJiaB

Ha

):(Ba 3aXO-

fyu;yJihiiiiiHII.

):(iCTaB TaKy

ryu;ynhChKi

ll,e

cT.

rrporrJIIIBaB

Ha3BY

rpyHTOBi

a6o

IIIO

30JIOTIICTOrO

coneToproBu;i),

IIpO):(aBaJIII

rroTiK,

Bi):( TOrO,

6panii

U:JO

o6MiHJOBaJIII

3BaHIItt i3

3eMJii

KOJibOpy. pony Ha

):(JIJI

XJii6.


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

Y XVIII JIIICJI

ll

rrepiiiiH:

IIi):(IIpii€Ml(i.

BIIHIIKHeHHJI

):(JIOBIIHY,

3

CJI2KHiB. BIIHII,

BIIH,

):(OIIOM03i

MOrOIO

3BaHa

Ta

rypchKiH:

RK y H a<j:>TII,

y

TO):(i

l(II ll,e

He

Morrro

rrpoll:TII

rarriiqiiHi,

Parra

3arrJiraiOTh 2KBaBO

TaK

me Bill:

6oqKII.

)J.e

CeJIJIHIIHa,

JIKIIH

Ha<j:>TII

B

CBep-

3a ):(OIIOrrapOBOl

Crro6o11:i

3a

me

6yrrii

6e3l(iHh

Ha<j:>TOBi

Ha<j:>TII,

a

PyH-

rroKJia):(II JIKi

KyrryBaTII

pO):(OBIIma. TOMY

3eMJIIO.

lll,erraHOBChKi,

IJeqeHi2KIIHa

y

HIIX

CTpaiiiHO

Po3eHKpaH-

(rraHa Peqi

BiJihHe

):(0

):(BOMa

KapJIIIKOBOl

3BepTa€III

):(OpOrii

KorrarrhHJI.

IIocrroJIIITOl

,TeKyqi"

a6o

TaM

-

pOIIII.

paiiTOM

TO

HaHCTapiiiia

IJ,IO

rpyrrii

Hall:qacTiiiie

KpaCHOMOBCTBa,

Bill:

ropaMII

CBep):(JIOBIIH

BJiaCHIIK TIIX

BII!J:HO

JlnBiB-

IIOCTiHHO

BeJIIIKIIMII

Po3eHKpaHu;a)

Micu;e,

i):(yqlf

3BY2KYIOTbCJI,

):(y2Ke

2KeCTIIKYJIIOIOTh, lX

3a

6yJIII

Crro6i):(ChKa

3BaHOl

2KepTBOIO

JIKiH:

CKYIIOByBaJIII

6iJihiiie

3By2KeHIIH

qaciB

Ha

ToroqacHIIX 2KypHarricTiB.

):(iCTa€IIICJI

TaK

p03MOBJIJIIOTb

BHaCJii):(OK

IIOCTaJia

CeJIJIH.

yBaroiO

HaHIIOTY2KHiiiia JIK

):(e

mopa3

TO

):(OJIIIHY

):(aHIIHY

p.

3aCTOCyBaHHIO

3HaqeHHJI

,Bill:

IIOTiqoK,

IIJiaTIIB

3eMJii,

IIIICaJia:

6eperii

KiJihKaHa):(l(JITh,

B

crroqaTKY

3):(iHCHIOBaJIOCJI

CIIOC060M

IIi):(IIpii€Ml(i

rro3a

p.

JIKOrO

OcTaiiiOK

i

Ilpii

CIIpiiTHIIX ):(iJihl(iB- IIi):(IIpii€Ml(iB,

3HaJIII

06):(ypiOBaJIII

MaJIIIH

By3eHbKY

5J:K

BpyqHy.

Bi):(paMII

1873

3eMJIJI,

CIIeKyJIJIHTII

l(i

PyHryp

y

Ha<j:>Ty

CBep):(JIO-

KpiiHIIl(i.

p03BIIBaTIICJI

Y

3aB):(JIKII

Crro6o11:i,

He

IIOTOKOM, B

CBep):(JIO-

KiJihKa

BIIrJIJI):(i

BII):(o6yToK

):(iJIJIHKII

JIK

1881

B

u;i€1

12

Ha

qeprraTII

BIITJiryBarrii

6ypiHHJI

p.,

3

pony.

p.

CBep-

IIOrJIII6JieHO

rroqaJIII

MOrJIO

o6MaHHIIM

IIi):(CTYIIHi

):(IIBIITIICb,

ra3eTa

B

ryu;yrrii,

IIJiaTy

1880

1771

pou;i

pony.

KepiBHIIKiB.

CIIeKyJIJil(iH

CeJIJIH

6e3COpOMHO

ChKa

i

rroqaJIII

HeOCBiqeHi

He

2K

B

36iJihiiiyBaTIICJI.

TaK

a p eH 0 lO

Ha2KIIBII

3a Mi3epHy 6yrro

Y

l(bOMY

3aKJia):(eHO y

3au;iKaBII-

3'JIBIIJiaCJI

u;e6paMII

IIOTiM

6ypiHHJI,

pi3KO

HerpaMOTHIIX

ni):(Hi,

a

BIIepiiie

CBep):(Jia.

rrrii6oKoro

CTaJia

KpiiHIIl(i

<j:>aXOBIIX

EopiicrraBi,

MeTOIO

3

,5J:):(BIIra",

rroqaB

p.

PyHrypchKiH:

KaMiHh,

B

CJI2KHiB,

1865

IIi):(IIpii€MCTBO

pyqHoro

MaiiiiiHII

3

l(e

i

rroKJia):(aMII

(cirrh),

3al(eM6poBaHIIX

Crro6o11:i

<j:>iHaHCiB

):(JIOBIIHa,

i

mo

Ha<j:>TOBY

20,8

Ha

bJIII3hKO

KpaHy

3eMJIIO

CrroqaTKY

BIIJIBJieHO

BrJIII6

B

pyqHoro

BIITJiryBaJIII

HeCTaqi

COpOBIIl(i

pyKaMII

Ha<j:>Ty

U:IIMII

OTpiiMaHHJI

Ha ):(06y.

BIIKOIIaHIIX

EopiicrraBi,

cT.

CBep):(JIOBIIHa

OrJIJI):(OM,

COJii

267

3

TIIM

3aMiCTb

Kr

Ha<j:>TOBa

IIi):(

IIpOKOIIaJIII

100

ITO

l(iKaBe

ToM

XIX

rrorroBIIHi

IJepiiia

MeTOIO

Arre

JIKY

IlpuKapnammR.

3eMeJib piBHIIHY

JIIO):(ell:,

6iJIJI

B

JIKi

6i):(HOrO

Ha<j:>TOBi

ri€HII


268

BoJtoiJuMup

BuiJo6ymoK

Hai}Jmoeoi ponu CeimJtuHa

3

l(iJioro

Kp a10,

qifBIIIII

Ha

IIIerrqe:

,Taro

2KepTBa,

6i.[(aKa

rpyHTY,

CTaB

TBOpiiTII

3p

BII.[(06yTKY

0 CT aHHJI

.[(iJIJIHKaX HO

.[(OIIOMOrOIO C.

C.

rrapOBOl

M02KJIIIBO

TaKy

.[(OIIOMOrOIO JiiCTiB),

rroqaB

ChKiH:,

6yno

CIIpiiJIJIO

3

3aKJia.[(aTII

i

HOBi

crroci6

1881

B

p03BIITKY

l(IIM

y

MiCTeqKy

CIIpiiJIB

o6cKy6aHa rrorpo3o!O

KOJIIICh,

IIO.[(i6HO

JIK

B

.[(o6yB

(rrepeBa2KHO

3aCTOCOBaHe Ha<j:>TOBOl

IJeqeHi2KIIHi

y

y

cBep.[(JIOBIIHi TII2KHJIX

iH03eMHIIX

y

rJIII60Ke

He-

KaiiiTaJiiCT

BeJIIIKOMY

TYT,

3a

iHCTpyMeHTiB

HacTyrrHIIX

IIi.[(IIpii€MJIIIBIIH

CaMe

,BOJib<j:>apTeKOIIaJibHi.

CBep.[(JIOBIIX

poKy

IIIO

lJ,eH:

CIIiJIKII

yrrpaBJiiHHJI

CBep.[(JIOBIIHII

IIIIIpOKOMY

Ilo6a-

roJIOBY

3aXOIIJieHIIX CeJIJIHChKIIX

KOJIII .[(0

1889

porrii,

6ypiHHJI. p.

B2Ke

IIpOCb60IO

rrpaBIIJihHIIX

KOIIITiB

u:e

III06

IIi.[(CTYIIHO

o6HJIB

6oqoK.

-

B

IIpiiCTpacTi".

poKy,

JIIOToro

qy2KIIX

TiM"

.[(IICTIIJIJII(il CJI06i.[(CbKOl Ha<j:>TII

3aJI02KIIB

<j:>iHepi!O)

i

HOBIIH

BIIepiiie

i

KiJihKiCTh

.[(OCTaqiiTII

6ypXJIIIBOMY

MeTOIO

CbKIIH

2

y2Ke

BJiaCHIIX

BrrpoBa.IJ:2KY!Oqii

Ha

i

Ha<j:>Ty.

qyxa€ThCJI

ropiJIKOIO,

1880

3

B

3HaH.[(eHO

CIIa.[(IIIIIHII,

Ha<j:>TII

MaiiiiiHII

3HaqHy

6yno

JIKIIH

Ill, erraHOBChKIIH

Ill,erraHOBChKIIH

, BaH.[( a"

.[(i.[(hKO

IIpOJieTapiaT

CIIOCTepira€TbCJI

BCTYIIIIB

IIIO JIKIIH

TO

PyH<ypcbKiCi.

em.

K02Kyci,

II036yBaTIICJI

bOpiiCJiaBi,

XIX

3BiCTKOIO,

B

HeCaMOBIITe,

BJiaCHIIK

IIOHeBOJieHHJI B

IIpiiBa6JieHi

Bi.[(.[(aJii

CJto6oiJi

B

KiHU,fl

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

3a

KaiiiTa-

MaCIIITa6i,

Cno6o.[(i

PyHryp-

CBep.[(JiiHHJI,

IIIO

IIpOMIICJIOBOCTi. IIi.[(IIpii€Mel(b

C.

Ha<j:>TOIIeperiHHIIH

36yTy oqiiiiieHOl Ha<j:>TII

Ill,erraHOB3aBO.[(

(pa-

3a KOp.[(OH.


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

Bli.I(06yTIIH JiaX,

Ha<j:>TOBliH

rrepe.l( TliM

JiaCb

y

XIX

IJeqeHi2KliHi

.l(aHliMli,

3

3

B

CXliJili

6ynH

Ha BliH,

B

Hli

160

0TBip

i.l(e

.1(0

MOpriB

B

Cno6o.l(i

Ta

JiiTepaTypi

a

Ha<j:>Tli.

TaK02K

Ko-

3a TOroqaCHli-

ITOCi.l(aJia

pa<j:>iHepiJI

KOITaJibHJIHi

O.I(He

3

3aJIHrnanacJI

JIKi

6y.I(OBli

KorraJihHi

p03MipOM

160

B

3aH:Mana

MOpriB,

HaJiiqyBaJili

rri.IJ:ITPliEMiieBi

B 1/2

He

rrapy

C.

Cno6o.l(i rri.IJ:ripchKi

BpaXOByiOqli

TliCJiq

MOpriB

Ill,erraHOBChKOMY

p03TalliOBaHO

qaCTliHa

TaK,

rno

rJili6liHY IiaJii.

p03IToqaTliX -

JIBJIJIIOTh 3eMJii

Ill,o6

i

Bi.l(

6yno

70

150

i Ta

CBep.I(JIO-

TiJihKli

MeTpiB

lliO

.1(0

Be2Ki

3BY2KY€ThCJI

3aCliiTY

Bi.I(JiliTOrO 3a.l(iJIHO

a6o

.l(epeB'JIHi

ITOCTYITOBO

3

ITOHa.l(

KiJihKOX

co6oro

3arro6irTli

Tpy6H

Blip06HliiiTBa

rrpafiiO BaJI 0

ITOCTiHHliX

6yno

CBep.I(JIOBliH

BCTaHOBJieHO

ITPOifeCi

KiB

OTBopy,

,KorraJihHIO BeJiliKa

B

rrapOBliX

MalliliH,

KOITaJibHOrO

rraJIH-

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

.l(eHEinJI

ITi.I(ITpli€M-

CTBa icHyBaJili .I(JIIO BaJihHi

rue

Ha

ITOHa.l( - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ,

3arrpy.IJ:HIO€

KiJihKiCTb

K02KHiH

3aJii3a.

MalliliHiCTli

po6iTHliKiB".

M.

Bi.l( llilipli-

CBep.I(JiliJihHliKli

KOBaJii,

p03-

380

BliCOTOIO

po6iTHli-

i IT 0 Mi qHliKli. 0 q e Bli.I(IIi TO.IJ:i 3ayBa2KyBaJIH, rno

HliX

B

Cno6o.IJ:i

TO.I(i

IJeqeHi2KliH,

.IJ:pyriH:

KpalH.

Ilnorna

niciB,

3arryrueHliX,

a6o 6ypliJihHliKli, qi,

cT.

Porr'€HKa

fJili6liHa

rro6y.l(oBaHi

18-24

JIKliX

i

Y

B

KOT-

rrpo.l(aBa-

cenax.

Ha<j:>TH

TOpriBJii

Ha<j:>Tli

rroqaJiliCJI

XIX

Ta

B2Ke

IJeqeHi2KliHChKa

eKcrrnyaTaiiiiD

rrpOCTOpi

CBep.I(JIOBliHi

Y

i

3Bliqall:HliX Ha<j:>Ta

CITiJIKaM.

qaCTliHa

M.

Ha<j:>Tli

KaMepaJihHliX

CBep.I(JieHliX. BoHR

a

€BporreHChKliX

poKax

BiMaHi

pi3HliM

70

€Bporri,

Ha.l( ITOTiqKOM

rrpHnernHx

PyHrypcbKa

ClipOl

B

MicTeqKax

p03BliTKy.

KOITaJibHJI

pli.IJ:Y

80-x

Cno6o.l(a

y

qaCTKOBO

rrepepo6Ka

BeJiliKOrO

rrpOMliCJIY

Bli.I(06yTKOM

B2Ke

Bli.I(o6yToK

BOrHlillieM

MiCIIh

TpeTbOIO

9

rno

CTaJili

rreprnHx

cT.

269

.l(liCTliJihOBaHliH

KiJihKiCTb.

.l(aJihlliliX

Ha6paJili

Bi.IJ:3Haqanoch,

Mli

MaJiy

3

ToM

rrpO.IJ:YKT,

CTaHOBliB

HaBKOJililliHix

rronoBHHi

JIOMliJI

IlpuKapnammR.

CBep-

ITi.I(ITpli€M-

'lepnaHH5l

HarjJmu

,Ki6Jl5lMU'


270

BoJtoiJuMup

CTBa

JIK

CaMOCTiHHi,

T06TO ll,iKaBa

BII,IJ:06yTOl

KapTIIHa Ha<!JTII

piqHQ

12.000,

1885

TII,

KOIIaJihHi, 6JIII3bKO

70

)J,ell(O

30.000

<!JpaHl(Y3bKe

2KIITJIOBIIX

JiiKapHJI

IJepeBe3eHHJI Ha<PTII

4

pOIIII !l:O

3arri3HIIU:IO

rypii

Crro6o,IJ:a

1881

a

a

1874

CaMa

l(iHII

IIPO!l:YKU:iJI

50.000,

p.

BapTiCTb

Bi!l:IIYCKHi

p.,

1882

B

Bi,IJ:,IJ:iJIOK

KiJihKa

rreperiHHOrO

-

Ha<!JTII

1883

B

3GBOiJ

CeimJtww

pi3HIIK 3aBO!l:Y

B

em.

,IJ:iiO

y

qacTIIHa Kaca

i

1886

BIIBi3

B03aMII.

Ha<!JTII

IJeqeHi2KIIH, y

)l;JIJI

KpaMHIIl(b.

IJeqeHi2KIIHi

CorriE,

(iJucmu!l5lpH51)

XIX

OII(a,IJ:Ha

KiJihKa

rOTOBOl

B

BepcTa-

KY3HJI

3,IJ:ittcHIOBaJIIICJI

BBittiiirra

KiHU,fl

i

pOIIII

KorroMIIJI,

JIKa

II(e

,IJ:epeB'JIHIIX,

2KaH,IJ:apMepil,

crroqaTKY

crrorryqeHHJIM

PyHrypcbKa,

6yrrii

qacTIIHa

Jii2KOK,

TpaHCIIOpTyBaHHJI

HarjJmonepepo6Hui1

B

yrrpaBJiiHHJI,

KorroMIIl

IIOJieriiieHHJI

!l:OBaHo

!1:0

piiHChKIIX,

6y,IJ:IIHKiB,

YPJI!l:,

Ha

3JI.

B

Ha<PTII.

6oqoK,

6apiiJIOK.

6y,IJ:IIHKY

IIOIIITOBIIH

i

,IJ:pyre

piqHo

1800

IIi3Hiiiie,

6apiiJIOK,

20.000 KpiM

po6iTHIIKiB,

roToBo1

KaHa,IJ:CbKe,

BIIHOCIIB

OIIJiaqyBaJiaCJI

MypoBaHIIX,

MeTOIO

O,IJ:He

rrpo,IJ:yKoBaHo1

Crro6o,IJ:i

piiHChKIIX.

BIIHOCIIJia B

KiJihKOCTi B

Ha<!JTII

3JIOTIIX

B

HIIMII

iH03eMHi.

BII,IJ:06yTOK

5,5

Mi2K

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

p.

lJelfeHi:JICUHi.

3

rro6yPyH-


ImocmpoeaHa y

icmopi5l

3B'JI3KY

3

IlpuKapnammR.

po3BIITKOM

MiCl(eBOCTett

PJI.Il:i

y

ToM

Crro6i)(ChKOl )(IICTIIJIJipHi

Bep6i2Ki,

B

0)(HaK, JIK TBep)(IIJIII cyqacHIIKII, TO)(i

Hatt6iJihiiiOIO,

porrii,

3atl:Marra

6yrra

BORa

18 3a

u;i€1 )(IICTIIJIJipHi

CorroBi,

poKax

B B

B

Ko rro MIIl,

PyHrypax.

IJeqeHi2KIIHCbKa )(IICTIIJIJipHJI 6yrra

rrepepo6JIJITII

MeTpiB

3

)(eHHO

rrpaBoro

iH03eMHIIMII

rroqaJIO

80-x

y

2

Ha<j:>TII:

6oKy

3pa3KaMII.

p03BIIBaTIICJI

300

6apiiJIOK

piKII

JliOqKII

Bi)(3HaqiiMO,

BIIp06HIIl(TBO

i

IIIO

rrapa<j:>iHO-

CBiqoK.

BIIX

Ha<j:>TOIIepepo6HIIH 6iJihiiiiiX

IleiiiTII

po6iTHIIKiB

<l>iyMII.

CJiy2K60Bl(iB,

Ha<j:>TOBOl pOIIII TifqHe

IJeqeHi2KIIHChKIIH

B ABCTpo-YropiiiiiHi.

€MCTBaMII

Ta

MOriTa

rrpocTip

CKOHCTpyttoBaHa

6iJIJI

KorrarrhHi

6y)(yBaJIIICJI

HII2KHhOMY

271

3

3a )(06y.

IIi)(IIpii€MCTBO

iH03eMHIIM

MiCl(eBi

ryu;yrrii,

Po)(OBIIIIIa JIBJieHi

i

B

HhOMY

Ha<j:>ToBo1

porrii,

3

Bi)(

i3

O)(HIIM

KpaiiiiiMII

600

Hatt-

IIi)(IIpii-

6rrii3hKO )(0

1.000

1.000 6oqoK

Hatt6iJihiiie IIpOMIICJIOBe KaiiiTaJiiCliKe

3HaqHi )(OXO)(II, y

CTaB

rrpau;IOBarro

rreperaHJIJIII

fyu;yJihiiiiiHi,

rrpal(IOBaJIII

3aBO)(

KOHKypyBaB

Ba2KKIIX KpiM

IIpiiHOCIIJIO

B TOH

qac,

YMOBaX,

Crro6o)(II

3a

IIi)(IIpii€Ml(JIM

KOJIII

po6iTHIIKII,

HII3hKY

PyHrypcbKOl,

OIIJiaTy. 6yrrii

BII-

B iHIIIIIX Micu;Jix fyu;yrrhiiiiiHII. TaKi Ha<j:>ToBi )(2Keperra rrpoc-

Te2KyBaJIIICJI 3eMrri

Ha

JIKi

IJ,e 6yrro

Ha

<j:>ipMaM

BiH

B

EaHi

5J:BOpOBi

Ha

Eepe3oBi

Ta

KociBIIIIIHi, IIaciqHitt

a

TaK02K

i3

rrpocoqyBaJIIICJI

Ha)(BipHJIHChKoro

rroBiTy.

ll,IO

pony B Hapo)(i IIIe Ha3IIBaJIII ,CKeJibHIIH orritt". C. BIITBIIl(hKIIH 3ra)(y€ B

CBOlH

KHII3i

rrpo

qoTIIpbOX

)(2Keperrax

1860

Ha

p.;

B ypoqiiiiii 0)(HaK, i

BIIJIBJieHi

B

cerri

B03iB

)(OCJii)(HIIKII,

,<l>a6piiKa

TII".

Ta

B

6iJIJI

B

piqKif

IJpoKypaBi,

(6iJIJI

ryu;yrrii

qepeMOIIIa,

IJorap

i

TaK02K

y

JiiCHifqoro

a

B

HaiipOTII

B ropiiiiHitt

TaK02K

He

IIpiiBepHyJIII

BIIKOpiiCTOByBaJIII

OCBiTJieHHJI 6yrro

crrpo6II

eKCIIJiyaTal(iJI

B

CBOlX

MiCl(eBOl

qacTIIHi )Ka6'€

AKpeiiiopax

BIIJIBJieHo

)(2Keperro

BII)(o6yBaTII 11, arre,

Ha<j:>TII

IIi)(yiiaJia,

qeprraiOTb

yBarii

Ha<j:>TOBY

TYT

6yrra

CTOlTb

CeJIJIHII

IIi)(IIpii-

pony )(JIJI

XaTax-rpa2K)(aX.

O)(Hitt i3 TO)(iiiiHiX ra3eT y

<j:>a6piiKII

6y)(IIHKY

EyKoBIIHeM).

3po6rreHi

B

Ha<j:>TII )Ka6'€

pO)(OBIIIIIa Ha<j:>TII

AKpeiiiopii

CKOpO 3aHerrarra.

KpiiHIIl(i

rri)(

MiCl(eBi

60-x poKax 6yrrii IOTh

6epe3i

IIi)( ropOIO

lrrnu;i

JIIIIIIe

3MaiiiyBaHHJI

OKOJIIII(i

rrpaBiM

TpiiBiaJibHOl IIIKOJIII;

€Ml(iB,

BIIJIBJieHHJI B

Ha<j:>TII, JIK

B

3ayBa2Ky-

KOpOTKoqacHOIO

1868 pou;i IIIICaJIOCJI: JIK

CTOJIJia,

IliO)(eHHO

a

IIOTpOXII

3

Tid Ha<j:>-


272

BoJtoiJuMup

Po6iTHHKH

IliiTaHHJI Hi

B

meHHJI HOBi

qifcJio

fyu;yJihll(IIHi TIIIIy.

rypaJibHJIX,

B

He

BIIKJIIIKa€

OCHOBY

i

PyHrypChKiH 3aHO

B

XiB

(80-Ti

HaiiiiiMII

):(pyriH:

po6iTHIIKiB. rrpo HII

BCiX

aJibHe 3a

i

B

a

Ha

Ha

,[(BOX

iHIIIi),

,[(aHIIMII,

l(e

l(e

HeBeJIIIKa

Cxi,[(HOl

Ha

JIK,

MJIIIHax,

IIIKipJIHiH,

JIKIIH

CKJia,[(aB

JIK

B

Ha<j:>TII

y

KOIIaJihHi 6iJihiiie

Hi2K

70,

TBep):(IIJIII,

JIK

II(O

Ce30HCno6o):(i l(e

po6iTHIIKiB.

A

3aJii3HifqHifX

JIKII(O

B3,[(0B2K

KonoMIIJO qifCJIO

cT.

Mir

KJiaC

CKJia):(aTII

KiJihKiCTh,

JIKOMY

IIOJiiTifqHiH

B3JITII

aJie JIK

!J:O

IIIJIJI-

qepeMOIIIa

Cno6o):(y

Ha6araTO

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

BKa-

KOIIaJibHIO

IIpOKJia,[(aHHi

faJIIfqlfHII, i

KyTax,

Jiicy,

po6iTHifqlfll

XX

KJiacy

cT.

po6iTHIIKiB,

TeKCTIIJihHiH,

HaiipliMKaX

rroqaTKY

XIX

6araTO

poKII), TO

po6iTHIIKiB.

rrpal(JOBaJIO

oqeBII):(l(i

):(eHHIIX

eKOHOMiqHiH

KOrO

3a-

rro6aqiiTII

KaiiiTaJiicTifqHo-

CTapiix

3aroTiBJii

Ha6araTO

(60-Ti

po6iTHifqoro

Ba2KJIIIBe,

rrepe):(yMOBII

(B

Ta

X IX -

Hal(iOHaJibHe

paxyHOK

IIIITaHHJI

6yno

:1Ka6'e

po6iTHIIKiB pOJib

oc-

Ha

IIpOMIICJIOBOCTi.

IIpii

rrpal(JOBaJIII

3BIIqailHO,

3pOCTaHHJI

rOJIOBHY

II(O

HeiiOBHIIMII

rronoBIIHi

BIIpi-

Ha

1567

KiJihKiCTb

KocoBi,

raJiy3JIX

KiJihKiCTh JIKi

pOKII)

ll

TinhKII

rronoBIIHi

IIi):(IIpii€MCTB

):(epeB006po6HiH,

BIIIIa,[(KOBO

fyu;yJihll(IIHY i

i

):(pyriH:

BKa3aHa

po6iTHIIKiB,

He

BeJIIIKa

fyu;yJihll(II-

BKa3aTII

M02KHa

rrpau;JOBano B

20

fyu;yJihll(IIHII,

po6iTHIIKiB

fpiiHJIBY

rypcbKY 3a

IIOCTiHHIIX

po6iTHIIKiB,

qepe3

qepe3

He

CYMHiBy,

,[(2KepeJiaX.

3arrpy):(HJO€ yBarii

IIOHa,[(

CTapoMy

iHIIIIIX

IIpOMIICJIOBOCTi

TaK

y

B JiiCOIIIIJihHiH Ta

):(2Kepen.

ll,e

Ha

O,[(HaK

IIpii6JIII3HO

Kpa!O.

ocKiJihKII

,[(2KepeJiaX

u;ereJihHJIX

MeTaJioo6po6HiH

KJiacy

rrpo6JieMa,

Bi!J:IIOBi!J:HIIX M02KeMO

rri):(rrpii€MCTBax

3aHII2KeHe,

B

po6iTHifqoro l(iKaBa

l(bOMY

HapaXOByBaJIOCJI

Ane

HarrpiiKJia):(,

y

ryu,yJihlli,HHH

IIi):(IIpii€MCTB.

rrpoMIICJIOBIIX

u:e

CKJia,[( CT.

,[(aHIIX

po6iTHIIKiB

TpiiHa,[(l(JITII

13

ceJUIHH

6paKoM

BII6ipKOBIIX

qifCJIO

0):(HaK

HIIX,

XIX

ycKJia):(HJO€ThCJI

IIpiiKJia):(i Ha

KiJihKiCHIIH

IIOJIOBIIHi

,[(eJIKIIX

raJibHe

ro

rrpo

):(pyriH:

Ta

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

PyH-

36iJihiiiiiTbCJI. fyu;yJihll(IIHII KiJihKa BORa

B

TIIcJiq

CBi):(qlfTb

CKJia,[(OBOl qacTII-

cy):(IIJIIICJI

6opOTh6i

3a

Bi):(irpaTII

CBO€

COl(i-

BII3BOJieHHJI. <j:>opMyBaBCJI BOHO

3pOCTaHHJI

po6iTHifqlfll

,[(OIIOMarae

MiCl(eBIIX

rJIII6IIIe

Ka):(piB

KJiaC

fyu;yJihll(IIHII?

3p03yMiTII

po6iTHIIKiB.

ll,e

COl(iaJihHi


ImocmpoeaHa J!K

y

HOJO

6yno

ce6e

i

Bciei:

<j:>opMyBaHHJI

CIICTeMOIO

He

IlpuKapnammR.

rrpoMIICJIOBOCTi

.[(2KepenoM

.[(e

icmopifl

MiChKi

i

CiM'IO.

CiJihChKi

BiH

Ha COJieBapHi

Till,

IIpOCTO

3

TO

R

IIpiiXO.[(OM

MIICJiiB l(iB

.[(pi6HOl

ChKoro

MIICJIOBOCTi JiiCOIIIIJihHiR

TaK02K

rrepeBa2KaB

6yJIII

peMecna.

KOBaJii,

TKaqi,

CeJiaX

icHyBaHHJI

Ha

i

MiCl(JIX

Jiicopo3p06KII

TaM

rrepio.IJ:

I

-

)l:2KepeJIOM K02K

2KiHKII

u;eR y

i

.[(iTII.

ll,e

TaK,

y

HIIX

22

B

Cepe.IJ:HhOMY

MY

MaR.[(aHi,

.[(iTeR.

3

2KiHKII

Ha

i

B

KJiacy

6 52

cepe.[(

TpeTbOMY

2KIITTJI

ry-

ITO

CBOrO

a6o

Ha

KYCTapiB

qlf

Ha

JiaBII B

po6iTHifqoro

rrope<j:>opMeH-

6yJIII

Ta-

3

l(IIX

.[(aHIIX

qonoBiKII,

13

32

rrpau;JOBano

.[(iTeR.

Ha

po6iTHIIKiB

32

Ha.[(3BifqaRHO

roHqapi,

Kpa!O

CKJI03aBO.[(i,

cepe.[(

6 .[(iTeR.

KJiacy

3a6e3rreqiiTII

CKJI03aBO.IJ:i

2KiHKII

Ha.IJ:BipHiR

ryu;yJihChKi

Y

MiC-

.[(OCBi.[(

6araTO

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

rrpiirra.[(aJio

i

i

IIeBHIIR

6oH.[(api,

6yno

.[(0

cipHIIKiB

y

CeJiaX

cT.

Ha

4

MaR.[(aHi, Ha

B

MiCTeqKa

po6iTHIIKiB

4 2KiHKII

rrpau;i

6yJIII

MIIKYJIIIqiiHi

.[(iTeR;

po6iTHIIKII).

IIpiiKJia.[(aX .[(pi6HIIX KaiiiTaJiiCTifqHifX

qonoBiKII,

18

IIi.[(IIpii€Ml(JIMII

YMOBII CTBaX

40

<j:>a6piiu;i

qoJIOBiKII,

BaJIIICb

Ha

i

IIpO-

36iJihiiiiiBCJI

X IX

po6iTHifqoro

3

3

JIKIIX

po6oTy

oco6JIIIBO

Ha

cinh-

po6iTHifqoro

rap6api,

rrepeXO.[(IIJIII

BII.[(HO

B

6y.[(iBeJihHiR

MaJIII

CIIpOMOrJIIICJI

rronoBIIHi

po6iTHIIKII,

qoJIOBiK,

B2Ke

IIOIIOBHJOJOqlf

rri.IJ:IIPIIEMCTB.

CKJI03aBO.IJ:i,

JIKi

Ha

rrpou;ec

6yna

HaR6iJihiiie

Ce30HHi

BIIHaRMaJIIICJI

.IJ:pyriR

IIi.[(IIpii€M-

rrponeTapiaT.

3Bapiiqi), He

.[(0

yqacTb

OC06JIIIBO

KYIIIHipi,

JIKi

COJieBapHIIX IIpO-

ROrO

IIi.[(IIpii€MCTBa,

IIOIIOBHeHHJI

i

(JIK

a6o 6ara-

Mir.

po6oTy

IIOIIOBHeHHJI

peMiCHIIKII,

OCi.IJ:KY,

KaiiiTaJiicTifqHi

rrponeTapiaTy. HIIR

MiCTaX

Ha

IIpOMIICJIOM

KOJIII

JiiCOIIIIJihHiR

ciJihChKIIR

IIIeBu;i,

Mir yTpiiMyBaTII

rOCIIO.[(apCTBO

Mir

3HaqHa

fyu;yJihll(IIHII,

(KepaTHIIKII,

Ha fyu;yJihll(IIHi,

JiiKBi.[(al(i€10

IIpOMIICJiaX

.[(2KepeJIOM

CiJihChKi

po6iTHIIKII

U:YJihChKIIX

.[(pi6Hi

IIi.[(C06HIIX

B

fyu;ynhll(IIHi

KarriTanicTIIq-

A

BIIpo6HIIU:TBi.

B

Ha

He

.[(OMaiiiHiM

BIIHaRMaBCJI

rrpal(JOBaJIO

Ba2KJIIIBIIM

fyu;yJihll(IIHII cBoro

Ha

i

i

ryu;yn

BJiaCHIIKiB qlf

OC06JIIIBO

IIpOMIICJIOBOCTi

)l:pyriiM

3aRMaBCJI

.[(epeBoo6po6HoMy

Ta

TaK

po3opeHi

CeJIJIHII.

6i.[(HIIR

BJiaCTeR

IIpOMIICJIOBOCTi,

6ynii

3apo6JIJIB .[(e

IIpOJieTap

IIpOJieTapiaTy

TeqKaX,

3.[(aBHa

KOJIIIIIIHiX

aBCTpiRChKIIX

nicorriiJihHOMY

faniiqiiHII,

peMiCHIIKII,

IIpOMIIIIIJIJIB,

ryu;yJihChKIIR

273

3

KJiacy

3eMJiepo6CTBa,

BIIHaRMaBCJI a

Cxi.IJ:HOl

po6iTHIIqoro

p03BIIHYTOrO

CBOIO

ToM

B

3

.IJ:pyroMy

2KiHKII

po6iTHIIKiB

BII.[(HO,

JIK

31

6yno

fopiiiiHbOi

5

6yno

eKCIIJiyaTy-

.[(iTII.

po6iTHIIKiB Ba2KKIIMII,

Ha a

KaiiiTaJiiCTifqHifX OIIJiaTa

Mi3epHa

IIi.[(IIpii€M-

10-20


274

BoJtoiJuMup

l(eHTiB, )l;06y.

po6oqliH

TaK,

22

B

l(hOMY

2K

ro)l;HH

3a

TOMY

MiCl(JI

Marro

40

CaiT'JIHHi

TliC.

ciJI, Hi

i

rHHIOqliX

B

6y)l;h-JIKHX

i

3

KOMOpax.

THIT 02K e2KH 0 My

y

2K,

He

TOMY

6

ITO

BHacrri!J:OK

)l;OrrrJI)l;y,

oTpy€HHJI,

TYT

BH6yxH,

ITpOBiTpiOBarrHCJI,

ra3iB

XBOpirrH

3i

a

po6iTHliKH,

i

3acTarra TaM HacHqeHe

BHTiKarra !J:O

2Klip

cTpyMKax,

CTOJirrli

IIIepcTi,

rHHrrli 3

a Ha

mo

HiqliM

Ha

6e3

36epiralliKipli

ITHrrH

ITOCTiHHO

)l;epeB'JIHiH 6yrro

CTpyMKiB;

IIIKip

rriO!J:H

He

6py)l;-

)l;axax,

poKaMH.

JIKHX

TOMY

IIIKipJI-

BHITapaMH

KpliHlil(b i

3aiTaCH

y

KOMi-

CMOpi!J:;

ITrromax,

3HMOBi

HaBiTh

ITi)l;MaHCTpli,

CaHiTapHa

HeCTepiTHliH

BliiT-

BHpo6rrJI-

36yT

He6eTOHOBaHi

)l;epeB'JIHi,

ITeqi

MaB

6yrro

Bi!l:KPHTHX

i

JIKi

IIIKip

oco6rrHBO

ITOBiTi,

III Kip

KyTaX,

YMOBaX.

IloBiTpli

IIIepCTb

IIIKip

JIKHH

2KaXrrliBliX

ITpliCTpOlB.

3arri3Hi

B

OBeqliX

po6iTHliKH,

IIIKipOIO Ha

3

CaiT'JIHY,

)l;rrJI

6yrrH

6yrrH

YMOBH

Cepe!J:HhOMY

i

ITpau;i

ITi)l;rr03i, B

i

BO!l:Y·

rHHrrli

He6e3ITeqHo

)l;HiB

Ha

2KaxrrHBHMH

6yrrH

yMoBH

3B03HrrH

MHKyrrHqHHa,

po6iTHHKiB

BH2KHhOMY

160

ITO

piK,

!J:O

y

)l;arreKHX

TapTaKiB

IIaciqHo1,

i

Mail)l;aHi, B

TOMY

ITpau;i

ITpOMHCrrOBOCTi,

po6iTHliKH-ryu;yrrH

3Bi!J:TH

Ta6axapHi

BipMeHH

p03HOCHBCJI

Bi!l:KPHTHX

)l;epeB006po6HiH

TapTaKax

B

piK

B

ITOITpo-

Bi)l;HOIII eHHi.

Ce30HHO

Oco6rrHBO

a

5J:MH

KOMOpax,

cepe!J:

Kpall(HMH

MHKyrrHqHHi,

y

CTaHi.

3aB2K!J:li

ITpliMill(eHHJIX

2KHpoM,

ITO)l;eHHi

po6iTHliKli

Ha

Taro

BHITa!J:KH

CTaHHcrraBiBChKOMY

cyiiiHrrHcJI

BHMHBarrHcJI

6py)l;HliX

rric,

)l;HiB

Ha

u;irrO)l;060BO.

po6iTHHKiB,

)l,o

XiMiqHliX

IJpoTe

ITpal(IOBarrH

6oqoK

)l;epeB'JIHliX

B

i

T06TO

rriKapCbKOrO

KiMHaTH

KyTChKi

ITpOTliiT02Ke2KHliX

Ili)l;rrOrli

Hiil

TpaiTrrJirrHcJI

ITpal(IOBarrH

III Kip.

JIMH

U:IOBarrH

u;eHTiB.

6e3ITeKH,

IIIKipH.

HliX

IIIepcTh

He

25-50

YMOBaX

B

Bill:

Ha BO)l;a 3

KpliTiH

200

3HaMeHHTOrO

Bi)l;XO)l;iB

IIIKipH

IIIepcTh

13

Ce30HHO

TeXHiKH

rO)l;liHli

Ha)l;BipHiH

)l;eHHO,

<!Ja6pHl(i

2KaXrrliBOMY

Bi)l;rOp0)1;2KeHi,

y

B

20, 24

H

cipHHKOBiH

KpalHaX.

ITo6yBarra

3aBO!J:li

rrHCb

3aBO!J:i

rO)l;liHli

OCBiTrriOBarrHCJI,

IIITYK

ITOMiqHliKH,

JIKa

TO

ITpal(IOBarrH

BHITapoByBaHHJI

qOpHOMOpCbKliX yqHi

24

a

)l;iTH.

HeCTepiTHliX

paBrrJirrli

ITHBHOMY ITO

IT02Ke2Ki,

BHacrri)l;OK

oco6rrHBO

Ha piK

oiTrraTy

6y)l;h-JIKOl

BHHHKarrH

po6oqi

Y

Ha

)l;iTH,

)l;eHHO

qacTo

Ha

MiCTi

2KiHKli

Bi!J:CYTHOCTi

rrH

)l;Hi

10, 12, 15,

TpHBaB

HaiTpliKJia!J:,

ITpal(IOBarrH

qHcrri

)l;eHb

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

Ha

Ha )l;e

qHcrri

CKrr03aBO)l;aX po6iTHHKH 2KiHKli

po6iTHHKiB CITrraBaX.

ripCbKliX

ciTrraBiB,

Ha)l;BipHoL

JIK

ITOCTiHHi BHpy6yBarrH

Marro

Ilopy6Ka

)l;iTH.

rricoiTHrrh-

TyT

HeTpliX u:e

y

i

y

ITpa-

rricy

Micu;e

Ha

TpHBarra


ImocmpoeaHa

XOJIO.IJ:i,

XBOpiJIII 6aMII, Bi.IJ:

2KIITII

HIIMII

pi3HIIMII

ITi.IJ:ITpii€Ml(JIM,

qOpHoro

KaMiHHJI, B

ITOTi

JIII

KOJIO.IJ:II

3

ITJIOToroHiB

KYITII

ITpaBIIrro,

3a

Bi.IJ:

Bi.IJ:

fpiiHJIBII

.IJ:O

CITJiaBJieHHIO

2

TIIC.

HII

i

Bi.IJ:Barii, lX

.IJ:e

Ba2KKIIM

HattMarrii JIIIU:i,

y

CBOlH Ha

To6To

CITOC060M,

ITpau;i

rricoBi 3

KM)

6yrro

-

(31

0,60

TPY.IJ:IIJIIICITYCKapo60TII

6yrro

He

pa3

HaKOITII'IeHIIX B'JI3aTII,

ITO

a

A

BIITpiiMKII,

Ha

l(e,

JIK

cKiJihKII

HepBiB

pycrry

ITpii

Te'Iil

Ta 1xHi

Ta

1,75

ITO

BCiX mo

i

3

ITJiaTHIO,

Ha

JiiCOBIIX

BIICIIrrarra

3attMaJIIICh

i

pattoHy

EyKoBIIHChKOl

BIICOKY

ITO

1,5-

piKaX ABCTpO- Yropll(II-

ITOMill(IIKII

ryu;yrriB

3arryqqJI

3JIOTIIX.

mopoKy

,ciTpaB2KHix HeBiJihHIIKiB". JIK

3JI.,

po6oTy

po6iTHIIKiB

fyu;yrrhll(IIHa

CITJiaB-

0,70

ITJiaTIIJIII

TJI2KKY

BChOrO

Mi3epHi

JIKIIH

Bi.IJ: TIO.IJ:OBa .IJ:O TaKy

CTaHOBIIII(e

areHTII,

OTpiiMyBaJIII

ITJIOTapiO, KM),

3JI., 3a

KM

ITJIOTII

ITOKa3y€,

farriiU:hKOl

Ba2KKi

6yJIII

BIIITa.IJ:KaMII.

ITJIOTOrOHII

205

ryu;yrrii.

po3po6KII

o6il(JIIO'III

3HOBY

p03l(iHOK,

BIIHOCIIJIO

raHJIJIII

fociTO.IJ:api

BHII3

fpiiHJIBII

ITpOTJI2KHiCTIO

ITepeTBOpiOBarrii ryu;yrriB y ITaHi€U:h

.IJ:O

II(O

JIKi

6eperii,

Tpe6a

Ha

O'IIIII(aJIII

piKII!

(49

3JI.,

.IJ:e

IJpoTe

BIIHOCIIJIII

.IJ:eCJITKiB

CITpJIMyBaHHi

ryu;yJihChKi

ITpau;IOBarrii

PyMyHil.

IIIIIpO-

TJirapeM

KaTOp2KHIIMII

CITpiiTHOCTi,

TOrO'IaCHIIX

TIO.IJ:OBa

po6iTHIIKiB,

3pi3a-

ITpiiHOCIIJIII

36IIBaJIII .IJ:apa6II,

HemacHIIMII i

ITpaBIIJihHOMY

MYKII

rricy

ITi.IJ:

YMOBaX

O'IIIII(aJIII

KiJihKa

KOJIO.IJ:Y

CIIJIII

IJepKyrra6a

Ha.IJ:3BII'IaHHO

tt

3aKiH'IyBarrocJI

0,45

KM)

.IJ:epeB,

(3aTopiB),

a6o

K02KHY

3a .IJ:aHIIMII

.IJ:epeBO

po6oTax,

3araT

ITOBOpOTaX

JIJIB

(35

po36opi

l(i

XBOp0-

<j:>ipMaM.

Ba2KKIIM

ITpiiTOKII,

0co6JIIIBO

3HOCIITII

BCi

3apo6iTKII.

lX

BO.IJ:OHMIIII(.

ITpii

BOHII

rpii2KeiO,

HOCIITII

fyu;yrrhll(IIHi

KJiiMaTII'IHIIX

rip .IJ:O

MaTH

riiHYJIII

raJIIIl(bKIIM

BO.IJ:OHMIIII(,

.IJ:apa6iB,

OC06JIIIBO

Ba2KKIIX

KOJIO.IJ:II

i

IT06y.IJ:OBOIO

qacTo

6yrro

CITJiaBi

BO.IJ:i

Ha

rrJirarra

qepeMOIIIY,

KiJihKaHa.IJ:l(JITb

ITJIOTiB,

Tpe6a

y

.IJ:epeBa

Ha.IJ:

ITPII

p03'IIIII(aTII

rrereHeBIIMII

3aCTaBJIJIJIII lX

iH03eMHIIM

y

nirroro

'IOJia

rricax

rOJIO.IJ:i

'!OrO

Ty6epKyrrho3oM,

po6iTHIIKII

ITpou:e.IJ:ypa

BOHII

ITpOrHIIJii

CJI

B

ciTrraBII

rricociTrraBHa

ITJIOTOrOHiB-ryu;yrriB. pycrra

Hir,

B

Bi.IJ:

qepeCII.

6araTopa3oBi

CKJia.IJ:Ha

i

qaCTO

po60TII

ITpal(IOBaTII

xapqyBaTIICJI, JIIIIIIa€M,

pyK

BMIIpaJIII.

Ba2KKi

Bi.IJ:OMi

3Ha'IHi .IJ:OXO.IJ:II

.IJ:OBO.IJ:IIJIOCb

ITOraHO

xBopo6aMII

275

3

3aXBOpiOBaHHJIMII

.IJ:epeBaMII.

Ill,opi'IHi

ToM

po6iTHIIKaM

KOJIII6ax,

ITepe.IJ:'!aCHO

ITOJICII

U:JI

B

peBMaTII3MOM,

JIKIIX

Ki

IlpuKapnammR.

ryu;yJihChKIIM

.IJ:OBro, B

icmopifl

lcTopiiK

I. I.

KaiTiTaJiiCTII CTapiix

fyu;yrrhll(IIHII.

Bi.IJ:piiBaJIII

ciTrraBoM

Bi.IJ:

KyT 1x

rricy, KoM-

Hepi.IJ:KO i

BII2K-

o6MaHHIIM

pi.IJ:HIIX

MiCl(h,

a


BoJtoiJuMup

276 ITOTiM

1902

6e3COpOMHO pouj

BiCTh

3aKOITaHe.

.l(iCTaTIICJI Mail2Ke

3a

HaBiTh

me

pa30M

3

MicJiu;i,

ryu;ynii

He

Ha

paTIICJI

B

Cno6o.IJ:i a

Ane

.IJ:OlXaTII

BII.I(06yTKY

1874

50

KiJihKa

rpeH:u;apiB.

ChKOl, 3HaHTII

3aco6iB

TaJiiCTiB

Ha

0T2Ke, BIIBaTIICJI 3a

B

l(i

JIKi,

JIKIIX

BCe

BOHII

3aiTJiaTIITII

Ha

po6iTHIIKII

H:

20

3JI.

3a .IJ:BOMicJiq-

3a lX

a

ITiiiiJIO Ha me

xa3JilHY

qoJIOBiK

TiJihKII

Hi2K

T06TO

faBpiiJIIOK

ITOBepHyTII

qifHOM,

.l(eCJITII

ITepiii

3apo6IIJIII,

MaH2Ke

y

Micu;e-

cepiTHJI,

fpiiropiH:

rpa6yHKY,

11

Ta

30

3JIOTIIX

TOll

2Ke

CKY.I(He

.l(y2Ke

qac

xapqy-

TpiiBaB

6i.IJ:He

ITpii3BeJia y

CeJIJIHII

OCHOBHa

3MyiiieHi Ha

IIIMaTOK

Ha2KIIBaJIIICJI

Ha

BII.I(06yTKY

CBO€

Ha .IJ:IICTIIJIJipHi .IJ:Y2Ke

ro.I(IIH,

TeXHiKII

1M

.IJ:06II-

XJii6a. Ha<j:>TII

IJeqeHi2KIICaM

ciToci6

6e3ITeKII.

TiJihKII

o6piiB

KaHaTiB

ra3aMII

1874

y

.l(eHHa

p.

cTaHOBIIJia

Cno6o.IJ:II

MapKiBKII

6yJIII

1.800

BIIHOCIIB

3apiTJiaTa

peMiCHIIKII

3MyiiieHi

B

Ba2KKIIMII.

Mono.I(JITIIHa

TOMY

6ynii

.1(0

Ba2KKIIH

0Tpy€HHJI BII.I(06yTOK

KM

HaHMaTIICJI

PyHryp-

He

Mornii

.1(0

KaiTi-

po60TII. ITepio.IJ:

Ha

ITpOMIICJIOBiCTh, .1(0

Ba2KKIIX

BIIJIBJIJIJIII

ryu;ynii

ceJIJIHCTBO,

2KIITTJI,

KaTOp2KHi

50

.IJ:03BOJIIIJIO

.I(Op03i

6ynii

12

He

ITO

Bi.IJ:CYTHOCTi

Ta

po36iraTII-

ITiiiiKII

To.IJ:i

ITpiiMiTIIBHIIH,

ra3y,

IToqaJIII

ITpOHIIIJIII

HaqaJihCTBO

ITepepo6u;i

IJeqeHi2KIIHa, .1(0

ryu;yJIII

KonoMIIL

po6iTHIIKiB.

Po6iTHIIKII -

3

ITiiiiKII,

He

TaK,

6yJIII

3aMOHChKIIH

KypopTHY

16

ITO

a

ITicnJipe<j:>opMeHHIIH

ITpal(JOJOqlf

MaJIII

CJiy2K60Bl(i

KaiTiTaJiiCTifqHa

ITpii6yTKaMII

MIIJib

KpeH:u;epii,

BII6yx

.l(eHh

Ane

PyHryp,

3

TaKIIM

3apo6JIJIJOqlf

BII6yxiB

qepe3

po6oqiiH:

me

po6iTHIIKiB

6yB

qacTIIX

pou;i

3ariiHYJIO 6oqoK,

i

ITpau;i

Ha<j:>TII

BHaCJii.I(OK B

Kp.,

3aJii3HIIqHe

.IJ:O

ITiiiiKII,

PyHrypchKiH:

yMoBII

52

TaKoro

KaiTiTaJiiCTII

Hi,

HaH:Mi.

B

Hiqoro

ITOBIIHHi

po6oTy-KaTopry,

Xa6aJIKII.

.I(O.I(OMY

77

3JI.

rpa<j:>

3JIOTIIX.

BIITpiiMaBIIIII

IJOKIIHYBIIIII

TiJihKII

po6iTHIIKiB

3JIOTIIX

325

80

qepBHJI

ITOMimiiKOBi.

BOHII

ITPII

fpyiTa

147

6e3KOIIITOBHO

34

TOrO,

po3po6Kax nicy

ITiiiiJIO

cTaHu;il

BIIHHi

3apo6IIJIII

O.IJ:ep2KaHoro

,3apo6IIJia"

He

20

2

KpiM

ITOMimiiK

nicopo3po6KII

3p06IITII 3

KpeH:u;apii.

CJI.

.I(OBeJIOCb po60TII.

CIIHOM

HY ITpau;JO

Ha

Micu;e

3aJIIIIIIIIJIIICJI

3aB.I(aTKY,

BaHHJI

lM

TaK,

ryu;yniB

Ha

xapqyBaHHJI,

23

rpa6yBaJIII.

70

HaHHJIB

Fpa 6oeeu, bJW i1

TJI2KKOrO YMOBaX,

rOHIITBa

CTaHOBIIma

OTpiiMyBaJIII

He3a.I(OBOJieHHJI.

qacTIIHa

fyu;ynnmiiHi aJie

HaCeJieHHJI.

lX

IToqana

po3-

ITi.I(ITpii€Ml(iB

po6iTHIIKiB

Kpa!O,

Mi3epHy

3apiTJiaTy.

Ba2KKY .I(OJIIO

p03.1(iJIJIJIII


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

ToM

277

3

Cou;iaJihHO-eKouoMique cTauoBniiJ,e cemm- ryu;y JiiB 1848

Pe<j:>opMa BIITKY JIJIH,

O.[(HaK

JIKIIH

3a

CeJIJIHII

B

nyKOBIIHi

3a

ll,e

6oprii

BJiyqHo

Ha

3

1848

Kpatt

rrpo

B

1890

tt

IliBHiqHo1

p.

Bi.[(COTKiB

B

aJie

rre peBa2KHa i

rocrro.[(apcTBi

nicoBoMy

JIK IIOMimiil(bKe

i

Ha

6yno

Ha

50

Po3BIITOK

6yna

mo

He

9

3HaqiiTb,

3riiHe".

1848

p.

3a-

fono6yu;nKoro,

a6o p.

faniiqiiHII

75

6JIII3hKO

CiJihChKOrOC-

.[(OCJii.[(2KyBaHoro

poKy,

Ha

TIICJiq

TepiiTopil 2KIITeJiiB,

3aHHJITa

B

CiJihChKO-

rrpO.IJ:YKTIIBHIIX CIIJI

y

ciJihChKO-

HacaMrrepe.IJ:, TaKi qifcJieHHi IIpiiBiJiel YPJI.IJ:.

peBOJIJOl(il

MaJIO

Bi.[(COTKiB.

830,5

6yno

Bi.[(COTKII)

p03BIIBaJIOCJI

1900

1880

rpy.IJ:HJI

IIOBiTy

aBcTpittchKIItt

MiJihHOHiB 3JI.

Cxi.IJ:HOl

IlpiiKaprraTTJI

13

ll

HaCJii.[(KII

JiiTaX.

0.

oci6,

B

83

6JIII3hKO

(7 3 ,2

IIOJiiTifqHi

rri.IJ: qac

MJIH.

poKiB.

JiiT ITO 3HeCeHHIO

121

me

B.

BIIKYIIY

, IJ aHmiiHa Ta

pe<j:>opMII

rrpo<j:>.

Ha

IIOMimiiKII

eKOHOMiqHi

mBII.[(KO

3,4

6yno

3eMJieBOJIO.[(iHHJI,

IlpiiKaprraTTi

rrpau;i

a

IJpol(eHTII

Ha .[(eCJITKII

KiJihKOX

3aKaprraTTi

Ha

CYMY

rrpoBe.[(eHHIO

rocrro.[(apcTBax

3attHJITO

KpaE:M

B

CeJIJIHChKOl

CTaHOBIIJIO

raJihMyBaJIII,

rri.IJ:TPIIMyBaJIII

CBOlH

TaK

nicoBoMy

rocrro.[(apcTBi.

6ynii niKBi.IJ:OBaHi

CTBO

i

JIKIIX

eKOHOMiqHi

3a l(IO

rroramaJIIICJI.

ChOrO poKy,

3a .[(aHIIMII

rreperriicy

6iJihmiCTb

MY

peBHO

IIiCJIJI

piiMChKIIX,

CKap6y .[(ep2KaBHOrO

He

CTaHiCJiaBiBChKOrO

MY

TaK02K

3eMJii

arpapHIIM

y

OIIJiaTIITII

TJirapi

HaCeJieHHJI.

3a .[(aHIIMII

KOJIIImHhOrO

me .[(0

MYCIITb

KpaeM.

EyKoBIIHII

3JIOTIIX

IIOKa3yJOqlf

ce-

BIIKYII,

IIO.[(aTKiB.

p03TJirHyJiaCJI

JIKIIH

po3-

3araJibHa cyMa BIIKy-

a.[(MiHiCTpau;il ITO

,3HaqiiTh,

MaE:

ciJihChKOMY

TIIC.

crrpiiJIJia

IIOBIIHHOCTi O.[(ep2KaJIII

mo 3aiiJiaTIIB 3a Hel B3IICK

IIaHmii3HJIHi

HaCeJieHHJI

TIIIIOBIIM rrepio.[(y.

IIpliMIIX

mopoKy

CIIJiaTa

<l> paHKO,

KOTpiiH

BChOrO

IIO.[(apcbKe

<j:>eo.[(aJIII

piiHChKIIX.

JIKi

faJIIfqiiHi",

IIIICaB:

arpapHIIM

y

CYMY,

lEaH

3aXi.[(HOyKpalHChKi JIIImaJIIICJI

3JIOriiX

o6nirau;il,

He TiJihKII

.[(OBry,

IIaM'JITKa

.[(0

4615 4

yTpiiMaHHJI

p.

BJiaCHIIX .[(O.[(aTKiB,

MiJihHOHiB

MJIH.

l(IO

IIi.[(MiTIIB

3HeCeHHJI IIaHmiiHII, IIaHmiiHII,

3eMJIJIX

<j:>eo.[(aJihHi

peHTY

.[(O.[(aTKOBO

CKJia.[(aJia

4

36iJihmiiJIII

CKacyBaHHJI

Bi.[(po6iTHY

faJIIfqiiHi

Bi.[(COTKOBi

BIIKYIIHi

Ha6araTO

CKaCOBaHi

o<j:>il(iHHOl aBCTpiHChKOl CTaTIICTIIKII,

IIpii6JIII3HO

5

3aXi.IJ:HOyKpa1HchKIIX

6yJIII

CTpaqeHy

Cxi.[(Hitt

O.[(ep2KaJIII

Ha

Xoq

CIIJiaqyBaJIII

3a .[(aHIIMII rry

poKy

KaiiiTaJii3My.

.[(y2Ke

Bi.[(po6iTKII Ta mapBapKII, IIOJibChKIIX

Xoq

1848

<j:>eo.[(aJihHi rrepe2KIITKII

p.,

IIOMimiiKiB,

KpirrocHIIl(hKi ane

ciJihChKe

IIOBiJihHO.

a

JIKi

Bi.IJ:HOCIIHII rocrro.[(ap-


278

BoJtoiJuMup

Bci eKoHoMiqHi HacniJJ:KII pe<j:>opMII

1848

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

p., JIK y JJ:3epKani, BiJJ:6II-

Ha TepiiTOpil 6araTOCTpa2K)J;aJibHOl fyu;yJihll(IIHII

BaJIIICb

Bo1 qacTIIHII rricJIJI

-

CKJia)J;O-

3aXiJJ:HOyKpa1HchKIIX 3eMeJih. TyT, Ha JJ:YMKY JJ:OCJiiJJ:HIIKiB,

cKacyBaHHJI

KpirrocHoro

rrpaBa

B

pyKII

ripcbKoro

ceJIJIHCTBa

rrepeHIIIJia TiJihKII qacTIIHa 3eMJii. 3eMJIIO O)J;ep2KaJIII JIIIIIIe Ti CeJIJIHII, JIKi MaJIII ll Ha qac 3BiJihHeHHJI Bi)J; IIaHII(IIHII. qacy a6o

3HaqHa 6yna

qacTIIHa

ripcbKoro

6e33eMeJihHOJO,

0cKiJihKII B2Ke )J;O TOrO

HaceneHHJI

pe<j:>opMa

1848

30BciM

p.

He

TiJihKII

Mana

3eMni

3aKpirrJIJOBana

MaJio3eMeJIJIJI i 6e33eMeJIJIJI ceJIJIHCTBa. 3HaqHa qacTIIHa 3eMni (rrepeB a2KH 0 JiiCII

i

II ac OBIIII( a)

Ha

fyu;yJihll(IIHi )J;aJii

3 aJIIIIII aJIII Cb

B pyKaX

IIOMill(IIKiB i )J;ep2KaBII. 3a CTaTIICTifqHifMII )J;aHIIMII, B 1890 p. 6JIII3bKO

IIOJIOBIIHII

3eMeJibHIIX

IIOMill(IIl(bKOl BJiaCHOCTi OCHOBHe

Jlicii

rronoBIIHi X IX i

)J;ep2KaBII.

-

6araTCTBO

3a )J;aHIIMII

MaCIIBiB, OCHOBi

TO

80-90-x poKax XIX

y

1890

IIOMill(IIKaM

3HaXO)J;IIJIOCb

pyKaX

raTyHKy.

B 56

p.

IIOHa)J;

20

3po6JieHi

MicTax

rroJIJI

817,

3

nyriB

ropoJJ:iB

CeJIJIHCbKa

1.232,

BJiaCHiCTb

TaKIIH

faJIIIU:hKOl

u;noro 3araJibHoro qifcJia ryu;ynaM

nyrii

ropO!J:II

79.347,

rracoBIIII(

212,

HapaXOByBaJia BChOrO rrpiirra,~J;ano

rracoBIIII(a

JiiCOBIIX

IIi)J;paxyHKII

IIi)J;TBepJJ:2KYIOTb

cenax

Bi)J;COTKiB

B p03IIOpli-

Bi)J;COTKiB

HaMil

JJ:pyriH:

rroMill(IIKiB

80

a

BeJIIIKa 3eMeJibHa BJiaCHiCTb CKJia)J;aJia 273.227 MOpriB.

MOpriB.

BeJIIIKOl

B

B pyKax

i )J;ep2KaBi,

BChOrO

reorpa<j:>iqHoro" cT.

B

Kpa!O

3HaXOJJ:IIJIIICh

CTaTIICTIIKII,

ripiiioro

,CJIOBHIIKa

ryu;yJihChKOrO

cT.

HaJie2KaJIO

CeJIJIH-ryu;yniB

3aJIIIIIIaJIOCJI

aBCTpiHChKOl )J;ep2KaBII.

rroqa TKY XX

KaprraTChKIIX JiiCiB )J;2KeHHi

IIpOCTOpiB

i

3

a

CTaH.

Ha

Y

fyu;ynhll(IIHII HIIX OpHoro

niciB

255.144

243.299

MOpriB.

Ha opHi rroJIJI 23.672,

69.998

nicii

27.396

MOpriB. J!K BII)J;HO 3 l(II<j:>pOBIIX )J;aHIIX, IIOMill(IIKII BOJIO)J;iJIII OCHOBHOIO MacoJO nicoBIIX MaCIIBiB Kpa!O, )J;OXO)J;II BOCTi.

KaiiiTaJiicTifqHiH

0cJiaBaX

MaJIII

MOpriB, 53,

IIaciqHiH: i

B CBO€MY p03IIOpli)J;2KeHHi

IIOMill(IIl(hKIIH

1.496

3823

53.044

KaprraT

,~J;aBaJIII

)J;epeB006po6HiH

BeJIIIKi

IIpOMIICJIO-

IlpiiqoMy B )J;eJIKIIX ryu;yJihChKIIX CeJiaX 6JIII3hKO 80-90 Bi)J;COT-

KiB JiiCiB

MaJIII

JIKi B yMoBax

JiiCOIIIIJihHiH

IIOCi)J;aB

J!MHi

)J,eJIJITIIHi

9.855 3.304,

B

)J;Bip

662,

3eJieHiH -

IIOMill(IIKII.

3.720

MOpriB

Bi)J;IIOBi)J;HO 3.965

:1Ka6'e 67.902

3.782

1145,

i

)J,opi

50.559

7302,

1.218

MOpriB.

TaK,

Jiicy, 701,

y a

niJIIIX CeJIJIHII

JlJOqi

7.892 MIIKYJIIIqiiHi

59, -


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

CTanrcnrqHi KII,

ropax, He

X

MaTepianii

3Ba2KaJOqfi

TOMY

6ynii

BOHII

56

B

817

JiiCOBIIMII

JI.

OnecHeBifq

rOCITO.[(ap!OBaTII,

3eMeJibHa pi3HIIX

rrnoma,

HOMY

JIKY

ChKi

CeJIJIHChKi

peHTa6eJibHIIMII.

TBep.[(IITII,

11IO

MOpriB

Hif2Kqe

cepe.[(

3eMJii

MiqHoro

He.[(oMaraHHJI

rOCITO.[(apCTB JIKIIX

He

TaKi

HepeHTa6eJihHi

qacTIIHOIO

BCi€l

BfiBqaJOqfi

CTOJiiTTJI

2KaHHIIX

Ta

TaX.

tt

TaK

CeJia Mipi

B

TO

ITiCJIJI

rrpii

CKJia.[(a!OTh

ITiCJIJI

yrHO€HHJI

i

Y

1890

MeTO.IJ:II

aKTaX

3aCiBa!OTb rrpii

Ha

Ha

rrpo

B

B

He

,Mo2Ky BBa2KaTII MiHiMyM,

CXO.[(IITII, CTaH

ropax

TaKIIX,

CeJia,

KOJIII

eKOHO-

cepe.[(

ycix

3araJibHa

ITJIOma

15

MOpriB.

6JIII3hKO

MeHlli

0

MOrJIO

lie

JIK

qeTBepTOIO

.[(pyritt

ITOJIOBIIHi

BHaCJii.[(OK

MaJioypo-

OTpiiMaTII

i.[(e

MOB a

p03BIIT-

3aciBanacb

ropo.IJ:II-

B

6araTbOX .[(OKyMeH-

BIICOKIIX .[(pyri

2KO.[(HIIX

KpiiBOpiBHJI Oropo.IJ:II OBoqi

CBOrO

3aiTIICaHo:

Ha

BIICQqfiHi,

lipiiHOBi

B

qacTKOBO

KocMaq

Ha

CeJIO

me

fYIIYJihl1IIIHi

3aCiBa!OTb,

rroJIJI.

TiJihKII

reKTapiB

TaKIIH

ITOITaCTII

B

fYIIYJih-

ITIICaB:

ITOBIIHHa

CTaHOBIIJia

ropo.[(ax

I1 p

O.[(Hi

opHi

3a

p.

rYIIYJI

.[(aBana

3araJibHO

ripCbKOl He

5

ITOHa.[(

BOJIO.[(iJIII

He

ceJia

oropO.[(IIHOIO

3HOB

JIKIIX

T06TO

mo6

.[(OXO.[(II.

rrpiiBO.IJ:Y

rrpiiHHJITO

M.

p03TalliOBaHa

oropO.[(II,

3HaXO.IJ:JIThCJI

Ha

HaBiTh IfhOrO

Bi.[(COTKiB

11IO

rpyHTiB

qacTIIHi

3aTe

ITJIOmi.

yrHO€HHJI.

HeM a€".

.[(JITbCJI

y

90 ra,

TiJihKII

ceni

He

20

a

paHHbOl 3IIMII

OITIICi

6iJihlliiH

3

rYIIYJihChKi

BKa3yBaJIII,

3eMeJib Ta

3eMnepo6cTBO,

Ha,

ITJIOmeJO

rOCITO.[(apCTBa

3eMeJibHOl

)l:ocJii.[(HIIKII,

KY

10

rrepeBII11IYBaJia

rroMimiiKII

ropo.IJ:iB,

rocrro.[(apcTBa,

p03BOIO Ma€ 4 aroHi1 ' Y 1902

Ta

i

a

80-90-

y

3eMJieBJiaCHIIKOM.

HeO.[(HaKOBi

BJiaCHiCTb

6JIII3hKO

yri.IJ:.IJ:JI,

TaK,

Taro,

CTaTII

eKOHOMiqHoro

6yno

nyriB

11IO .[(JIJI

ceJIJIHChKi

Bi.[(HOCIIH

CeJIJIHCbKa

3aMiCTb

BJiaCHII-

rYIIYJihChKIIX

fYiiYJihl1IIIHII

6yno

YMOBaX

<l>paHKO

HalliiiX

B

3eMJii.

Moprii

CTBep.IJ:2KY€,

ITO.[(iJihChKOl,

KOTporo

rryHKTax

.[(OCIITb

3attMaJIII

lEaH

CeJIJIHIIH

XIX

He

rOCITO.[(apCTBa

OpHOl

1.232

i

3eMeJihHi

3eMJii

MaCIIBaMII.

rrpiipO.[(HO-KJiiMaTifqHifX

6yJIII

15

rroJIJI

BeJIIIKi

ciJihChKorocrro.[(apchKi

KiJihKiCTh

HaceneHIIX

MopriB

0.

mo

o6po6iTKY

TpiiMaTII

He3HaqHy

279

3

rroKa3yJOTh,

OCHOBHIIMII

EKOHOMiCT Mir

cT.

ToM

HeBIIri.[(HiCTh

3aiiiKaBJieHi

JIIIrne

BOJIO.[(iJIII

Ha

ITOCi.[(aJIII

X IX

poKax

rroci.[(aJIII

IlpuKapnammR.

rrpii i

,OciJiiCTh

ropax, Ha

Taro

MeHrnitt

HII30BIIHi,

OpHIIX

BKa3aHO xaTax

B

e

ITiJih TaK:

CeJIO

,B

TOMY

Ha.IJ:TO

CiH02KaTTJI,

JIKi

TO

JIKi

myrrni, 3HaXO-

.[(OMax".

POIIi

O.[(IIH

o6po6iTKY

i3

3eMni

KOpeCITOH.[(eHTiB B

3BepHyB

Ha.IJ:BipHJIHChKIIX

ropax:

yBary

Ha

,0T2Ke

3aCTapiJii

Hattrreprne,


280

Fpa 6oeel{ bKU i1

Bo!loiJuMup IIIICaB

BiH,

3eMJIJI

TYT

HeB.[(JiqHa,

60 BORa IIJIIITKa, KaMiHh i piHh IIOTpe6ye 6araTo rHoro,

a

rrre nirriiie

parrioHaJihHOl

yrrpaBII, JIKOl TYT MaH2Ke He BII.[(HO. I XTO 3Hae,

KOJIII

JIJITII

TYT

3aJIIIIIIYTh

JIIO.IJ:II

yrrpaB-

3eMJieiO Ha Jia.[( 3aCTapiJIIIH.

ToMy,

rrro

6 paK

6paK

rocrro.[(apcbKOl

TJirJioBo1

0 Cb

qoMy

rrepio.IJ:

xy.[(o6rr".

3

HaH.[(aBHiiiiiiX

KarriTaJii3My

.IJ:pyropJI.IJ:HIIM

qOMy?

HayKrr

y

qaciB Ta

3eMnepo6cTBO

rocrro.[(apcTBi

B

6yno

fyrrynnrrrrr-

HII, 3aTe OCHOBHIIM 3aHJITTJIM ll 2KIITeJiiB 3aJIIIIIIaJIOCb

TBapiiHHIII!TBO

IIpOMIICJIII.

faJIIII!hKIIH

A.

lliHail.[(ep rrprr orrrrci cena AKpeiiioprr

IIIICaB

1871

y

TeiiiHhOrO 6iJihiiiiH: Mo;wiJuiJKa 3 YcmepiK. Ceim!luHa

IIIICaB CTaHOBIITb

rre

BiH,

HIIX 9 KJIJiq,

rpyHTY

qacTrrHi

KOJIII

oco6nrrBo

HaJIBHiCTIO

ryrryniB.

porri,

2K

Bcnoro

3apo6iTKII

TYT

i

Mae

o6po6JIIOBaHoro

oBerrh

TyB

ripchKi IIOJIJI

,P03Be.[(eHHJI i BIIIIaC Ki3,

KiJihKOCTi

HapaxoByBaJIOCh

2 KORell, 6 2Kepe6rriB,

IIOBepXHJI

KaMiHHO-rJIIIHIICTa,

CiJihChKIIX

B TOMY CeJii

IIIO

roprrcTa

.[(y2Ke MaJIO.

HaHrOJIOBHiiiii

.IJ:2KY€TbCJI CTBaX

JIYKII,

XIX em.

KiHl{fl

.[(OMaiiiHi

Kpa€3HaBeiih

Ha

IIOJIOHIIHaX

2KIITeJiiB". XY.IJ:06II

2.284

Ili.[(TBep-

B rOCIIO.[(ap-

IIITYKII

108 KOpiB, 56 BOJiiB,

XY.IJ:06II.

3

107 TeJIJIT,

1.900 OBeiih, 44 K03II, 69 IIITYK Hepo6oqo1 XY.IJ:06II. J!K BII.[(HO, cepe.[( aKpeiiiopcbKOl xy.[(o6rr CTaHOBIIJIO

OCHOBHIIH

HaH:6iJihiiie

6yno

oBerrh,

KopiB

HaiipliM TBapiiHHIII!hKOrO

i

TeJIJIT,

rrro

i

rOCIIO.[(apCTBa.

I He TiJihKII B AKpeiiiopax, a H y BCiX iHIIIIIX IIOBiTaX fyrryJihiiiiiHII B

rocrro.[(apcTBi

ryrryniB

rrepeBa2KaJia

xy.[(o6a,

a

oco6nrrBo

.[(aHIIMII JlnBiBCbKOl TOprOBO-IIpOMIICJIOBOl IIaJiaTII, qyBaJIOCJI a

B 38

ToqHiiiie

HIIX

8.001 Ki3,

TeJIJIT,

CeJiaX i

21

41

2Kepe6errh,

MYJI,

3

OCJIII,

IIITyKa .[(BOpiqHoro

12.662 CBIIHi.

rMiHi

B

BiBrri.

3a

1870 porri HaJii-

59.720 IIITYK pi3HOl IIOpO.[(II XY.IJ:06II,

934 KJIJiqi, 515

JIJiiBHIIKa,

6rrKiB,

1.439 BanaxiB, 9.628

3 6yHBOJIII,

KOpiB,

332 Tprrpiq6.905

BOJiiB,

15.207 OBeiih, 2.45 8


ImocmpoeaHa TaKa

icmopi5l

ToM

IIpuKapnammfl.

KiJihKiCTh

xy.[(o6H

3

281

3aJIHIIIanacJI

rri3Hiiiie

B

rocrro.[(apcTBi

ryu;yniB He JIHIIIe Ha.IJ:BipHJIHIIIliHli, ane H: Ha KociBIIIHHi, IJeqeHi2KliHIIIHHi,

PaxiBIIIliHi,

IlyTHJiiBIIIliHi

.[(aHHMli

ypJI.IJ:OBOl cTaTHCTliKli,

ChKOMY

IIOBiTi

B

HaJiiqyBaJIOCJI

T06To, 1900

BChOrO

KORell, 31.404 IIITYK poraTOl XY.IJ:06li, CBHHeH:,

1.663 BYJIHKiB Ta 68.225

2KliHChKOMY CTapOCTBi 2.282

KORell,

12.551

BChOrO IIITyKa

138.813

1900 piK HaJiiqye 38.098

IIITYK

Hell:; 4.610 J!KII(O

CeJIJIH

Hi

-

BChoro 6Jili3hKO

BeJiliKOl

XY.IJ:06li:

496

l(li<j:>pli

4.446

OBel(b,

1900 pou;i KociBChKliH IIOBiT

fyu;ynhll(liHli.

2.686

50.739

CTaTHCTHKa

Ki3,

45.630

TYT

3a

5.764 KORell,

OBel(b,

19.030

CBli-

IIITYK IITlil(i.

3BeCTli

xy.[(o6H

15.880

B IJeqeHi-

IIITYK XY.IJ:06li -

Ki3,

166.555 IIITYK pi3HOl XY.IJ:06li, a CaMe:

i

5.338

14.909 OBel(b,

57.648

3a

Ha.IJ:BipHJIH-

30.028 IIITYK .[(OMaiiiHhOl IITlil(i. 0co6Jili-

faJIHl(hKOl

fyu;ynhChKoro Kpa!O -

a6o

2K

IIITYK

1.394 Ki3,

6yno y

poraTOl XY.IJ:06li,

BYJiliKiB

l(i

fyu;yJihlllliHi.

IIITYK .IJ:OMaiiiHhOl IITHI(i.

BO IIOKa30BliM y l(bOMY HaiipJIMi 6yB y u;eHTp

BCiH

B TOMY

poraTOl XY.IJ:06li,

6.900 CBliHeH, 944 BYJiliKli,

<j:>aKTliqHo

ITO

pou;i

.[(OKYIIli,

TO

Bli.[(HO,

II(O

B

3-X

l(eHTpax

Ha.IJ:BipHJIHII(liHi, KociBII(liHi i IJeqeHi2KliHII(li-

XIX

B KiHu;i

liiBMiJihHOHa.

poraTOl XY.IJ:06li

cT.

HaH:6iJihiiie

-

107.106

HaniqyBanocJI 6yno

IIITYK,

422.736

OBel(b

roniB

80.195 IIITYK,

CBliHeH

54.470

IIITyK.

3Bi.[(Cli HaiipOIIIY€TbCJI BliCHOBOK, II(O HaH:6iJihiiie ryl(yJili BlipOII(yBaJili

I

OBel(b.

l(e

3p03yMiJIO, 60 BiBqapCTBO, JIK OCHOBHa raJiy3h TBapliH-

Hlil(TBa, .[(aBaJia ryl(yJiaM M02KJiliBiCTb rrepepo6JIJITli MOJIOKO Ha Bi.[(IIOBi.[(Hi

IIpO.IJ:YKTli, Ta

ChKliX

a IIIKipa i

BOBHJIHliX

BOBHa 3a6e3rreqyBaJili p03BliTOK KYIIIHip-

Blipo6iB,

BliKOpliCTOByBaJiliCh

JIK

.[(JIJI

IIOTpe6

rocrro.[(apcTBa ryu;yniB, TaK i peani3au;il 1x Ha Micu;eBHX Ta 30BHiiiiHix Toprax i JipMapKax MiTHa

KiJihKiCTh

Hlil(TBa.

B lX

KocoBa, )J:eJIJITHHa, Ha.IJ:BipHo1, KonoMHL

BYJiliKiB

y

ryu;yniB

rOCIIO.[(apCTBi

B2Ke

3aCBi.[(qye

3HaqHy pOJib

B eJIHKa KiJihKiCTh xy.[(o6H Ha fyu;ynhll(liHi

Ha rroqaTKY XX

cT.

rrpo

IIo-

p03KBiT 6.[(2KiJih-

Bi.[(irpa!OTb

KOHi.

B .IJ:pyriH: rronoBHHi X I X

6yna HepiBHOMipHo po3IIO.IJ:iJieHa Mi2K oKpe-

MliMli cou;iaJihHliMli rpyrraMH

ripcbKoro HaceneHHJI.

Ilpou;ec KJiaco-

BOl .[(li<j:>epeHl(iau;il, BliKJiliKaHliH KaiiiTaJiiCTliqHliM p03BliTKOM, CIIpliJIB

TOMY,

II(O

HeBeJiliKa

rpyrra

ryl(yJihChKliX

6araTilB

3YMiJia Harpo-

Ma.[(liTli He Jiliiiie 3HaqHi IIpOCTOpli JiiCiB i IIaCOBliii(, aJie II TpliMaTli B CBOlX

rOCIIO.[(apCTBaX

Ki3 i oco6JIHBO oBel(h.

BeJiliKY C.

KiJihKiCTh

XY.IJ:06li

KOpiB,

KORell,

BliTBlil(hKliH HaBO.IJ:liTh u;iKaBHH rrpliKJia.[(


282

BoJtoiJuMup

rrpo

ryu;ynhChKIIX 6araqiB

poKiB XIX

60-x

cT.

BiH

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

rriicaB:

)l:JIThCJI B ropax rro )leJIKIIX ryu;ynhChKIIX cenax rocrro)lapi, )laJOTh

ITO

200

IIITYK

OBel(b

)]0

50-TII

€ i 6araTO TaKIIX, mo Hiqoro He

I )]ani

JIJI€".

MaB

u:ett

, M attJKe

)lyKiB:

HaJIBHi

aBTop

poxTII,

JIKi

TIICJiqi,

a

TaJIJipii

MaJIII )]0

cKyrrep)]Jiry B3arani 3)laBHa

y

rrpau;i

BeJIIIKitt

ryu;yniB,

Tpe6a

i

rroci-

poraTOl XY)]06II,

qacTO lM

HeHaCIITHiTh

KiJihKOCTi,

O)]Horo

3

U:IIX ryu;ynhChKIIX

CaMOMY

KpacHOlJIJIJI,

TaJIJipii,

3HaTII

MeHi

me

aJie

aJie

rOJIO)l )]OIIIKy-

3HaXO)]IIThCJI 3BiCHIIH 6araq,

xpeCTOl(BiT

TOrO

CeJIJIHChKY

3ra)lyBaJIII

)lpyroro

O)]HOrO

JIKIIH

He

3

Bo-

HaCIITJITb

apiiCTOKpaTiJO

6oraqa". B :IKa6'eMy,

icHyBaJIII CBOlX

JIJIHCbKa

rri)]KpecJIJO€

B KOJKHOMY ceJii

)]BOX :IKa6'eBChKIIX

IIITYK

Ma!OTh,

,3HaxoJIKi

KpacHoi"nni,

ciJihChKi

6araTil,

6i)]HJIKiB- O)]HO CeJihl(iB.

BepxiBKa

B

BopoxTi,

JIKi

ryu;yJihChKIIX

A

J!ceHoBi

HaJKIIBaJIIICJI B YMOBaX

CeJiaX

fopiiiiHhOMY

Ha

IIi)]HeBiJihHitt

KaiiiTaJii3My

3aJIIIIIIaJiaCJI

He

l(JI

ce-

MeHIIIIIMII

rr'JIBKaMII, HiJK MiCl(eBi IIOMimiiKII. BoRa IIIIIpOKO BIIKOpiiCTOByBaJia B cBoi"x

rocrro)lapcTBax

IIOBiTy 6araTitt

HattMIITiB.

200 Ki3 Ta )]O 50 roniB CBIIHett. HaHMIITII.

TaK,

y

ceni

:1Ka6'e

KociBChKoro

PIIrrqaK MaB 20 KOHett, 40 )liHHIIX KOpiB,

TaKe

3aMOJKHe

400 OBel(b,

B ttoro rocrro)lapcTBi rrpau;JOBano 24

rOCIIO)lapCTBO

MaJIO

qifM

Bi)lpi3HJIJIOCJI

Bi)l

II OMim IIl(bKOrO. 3 C.

)lpyroro

6 oKy,

BIITBIIU:hKIItt

6araTo

TaKIIX,

3HaqHa

me

B

mo

qacTIIHa

1862

B3arani

pou;i

HaceneHHJI

IIIICaB,

Hiqoro

He

mo

30BCiM Ha

MaJOTh,

3y6oJKiJia.

fyu;y JihmiiHi qacTo 1M

,€

rono)l

)]OIIIKYJIJI€". IlpoTJiroM

)lpyro1

rronoBIIHII

XIX

rroqaTKY

XX

cT.

rroroniB'JI

XY)]06II B ripCbKIIX CeJIJIHChKIIX rOCIIO)lapCTBaX 3 poKy B piK 3MeHIIIyBaJIOCJI.

, Cnoro)]Hi, -

rriicaB

C.

BIITBIIU:hKIItt, -

u:e

BJKe )]OBe)leHo,

mo TaM, )le rrepe)l 30-Ma poKaMII B ryu;yna 6yno 50 oBel(h, JKO)]HOl He BII)]HO".

3a )]OCTOBipHIIMII )laHIIMII,

cnoro)]Hi

B 1902 p. B ripCbKIIX

IIOBiTaX, B rropiBHJIHHi 3 iHIIIIIMII pattoHaMII faJIIfqlfHII, 6yno Ha6araTO 6iJihiiie

CeJIJIHChKIIX rOCIIO)lapCTB,

mo

He

MaJIII

XY)]06II

OCHOBHOl

IIpOJKIITKOBOl CIIJIII. TIIX 6i)]HJil(bKIIX rOCIIO)lapCTB, mo He MaJIII HiJIKOl XY)]06II, HapaXOByBaJIOCJI Bi)]COTKII,

17 Bi)]COTKiB, TIIX, mo He MaJIII KOHett -

BeJIIIKOl poraTOl XY)]06II

27

Bi)]COTKiB.

83


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpuKapnammR.

283

3

ToM

ryu,yJiiB

llOJIOHHHChKe .IKHTTB

J!K

i

B

ripHi -

ITOITepe.n:Hix

XX

IToqaTKY

CT.

ITaCOBIIII(a -

o6pa3HO

30BciM

ITIICaB

MOJI.[(aBChKIIX

i

ITpiiBanax

BiTpiB .[(aMII

paiTTOM BCi

ITOJIOCa TaMII.

ITOJIOHIIHaX, KpalHY To.n:i

.n:o

Ta!OTb

ITO

3

i

ryCTIIMII

Ha

MaJOTh

i

3

HapO.[(HOl

ITiCHi

dO!lUHU

noJtoHuHy

3

'JUB1.fUH.

pyKaX

Ha

JO.

.n:ittcHoro

BO.[(OITa-

BCJI

MepTBa

aJihiTiHChKIIMII

ITi.[(ripCbKa B

MiJKrip'JIX

a6o

xy.n:o6a

BJKe

3aiTOBHIOIOTb 3ByKaMII

BeCHOIO:

3eMJti

nO!lOHUHU".

C/Jomo

CTOJITb

BeJIIIKIIMII

TIICJiqaMII

3ayHIIJIIIMII

ma

3aCeJieHi,

ITO

TIIJKHiB

6yt!:HIIMII

MUp

He

Bi.[( BiJIHHJI ITiB.[(eHHIIX

.[(eKiJihKa

BOCKpeCHOIO

BeCb

ITYIIIi

3arpeMIITb

a6o

Ha

BIICOKO-

BOHII

ITpe.n:cTaBJIJI€

p03KII.[(aHIIX

KpalHa.

TOITipl(JIMII

KOJIOMIIHKaMII

30BCiM 3IIMOIO

BII.IJ: .IJ:IIKOl

qepe3

ripCbKa

B

a

XY.IJ:06II

KapiTaTChKIIX BepiiiiiH Bi.IJ:

EecKII.IJ:Y

TpaBaMII,

,YpaiJyembc5l

Bud

ITonoca

3aiiiyMIITh,

piqKif,

-

XIX -

ITOJIOBIIHi

BIIITacy

ITOJIOHIIHII

BeCHOIO OJKIIBa€

BiBqapi

ropu,

i

ITpii!OTIIJIIICb

qepBHJI

HeBraMOBHIIMII CJIOBaM

HII3hKoro rip

CHirii,

piKII

.[(pi6Hi

BcJI

IIonoHIIHII

Jliiiiie

ITOJIOBIIHi

J!.

ITYCTIIPJIMII.

ITOKpiiBa€TbCJI B

.n:pyritt .[(JIJI

fOJIOBal(bKIIH,

l(e

:IKIITeJii

ripChKi

B

,BepXII

xaTIIHax.

Jie.[(JIHOrO ITOJIJI.

i

ITpO

rpaHIIl(h

CHiry.

TaK

BIIKOpiiCTOByBaJIII

ITOJIOHIIHII.

6e3JIJO.IJ:HIIMII

CKIIpTaMII

cToJiiTTJIX,

ryl(yJIII

.aymKOBCbKOi!O

KBiHa BCIO

COITiJIKII.


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

IlpHpO.[(a B

ryl(yJihChKliX

eKOHOMiqHoMy

BliKJIHKaHi y

1878

51.

3a .[(aHHMH rrorroBHHi He.

Ha

6yJIH

Ha

100

cT.

piKH

THH,

Eirri

M.

)],.

BepiiiHH

Ha

3 a

u;ett

rrepiO.[(

Bi.[(6yJIHCJI

3MiHH,

.[(aHHMli,

TepHTOpil

JIKi

HaBO.[(liB

fyl(yJihll(liHli

Mi2K

Hapaxo-

cerraMH

Mi2K

B

IIOJIOHHH

C060IO

yrrorOBli-

xpe6Ta Ha

TaK02K

BopoxTa,

fyu;yrrhll(HHi

qacTHHi

.IJ:pyritt

rrepe6irrhiiie-

p03TaiiiOBaHi

KocMaq,

CyqaBoiO.

CXi.[(Hitt

rrorroHHH qHcrro

KOMIIJieKCaMH

6yJIH

TerrerraTHK,

IlyTHJIOIO B

u:e

Bi.[(OKpeMJieHi IJOJIOHliHli

EyKoBHHChKitt

6yJIH

l(HX

3.IJ:a€ThCJI,

Hatt6iJihlllliMli

51poBHII(e

IIOJIOHliHli

Y

rapHa.

2KliTTi

MaH.IJ:H6ypH,

270.

6yTH

qopHoropH

qepeMoiiieM,

U:YJihll(HHi

BCitt

fpliHJIBChKi,

OcrraBH.

rri.IJ:Hi2K2KJI EirrHM

ITO

qepeMOIIIy.

qacTHHi

6yrra

Bi.[(HO CHHaMH.

fyl(yJihll(HHi

qOpHoro

cxi.IJ:Hitt

.[(iHCHO

IIOJIOHHH.

Marro

faJIHl(hKitt

285

3

IIOJIOHliHCbKOMY

.IJ:OCJii.IJ:HHKa

XIX

)Ka6'€BChKi

HOIO

B

fOJIOBal(bKHH,

6JIH3bKO

ToM

IIOJIOHHH

IIJiaHi

Karri TaJiiCTliqHliMli

p.

ByBaJIOCJI

IlpuKapnammR.

BOHR

)l,errJI-

3attMarrH

MaKCHMel(h

Mi2K

3aKaprraTChKitt

qOpHoropil,

Ha

fy-

CXi.[(

Bi.[(

CBH.[(OBI(JI. CTaHoM 6yJIH KiB

Ha

i

JIHXBapiB

ChKitt

a

Ta

qacTHHH

cepBiTyTHliX

TliB

l(e

i

He

rrpaBHO

i

6araTHX

IIHCaB,

.IJ:06pa

BciMa

rrpaB.[(aMH

ll(O

qacTHHH JIKi

cyrrpOTli

3aKaprraTi

HerrpaB.[(aMH

I.

TO

IIOMill(HKiB.

KOJiliCb

aBCTpiHCbKa

3aco6aMH,

KOpliCHe

JIKi

i

IIOMill(H-

CeJIJIHaM,

.[(ep2KaBH

IIOJIOHHHaMH.

3eMeJihHi

Ha

HaJie2KaJIH

CeJIJIH,

l(liMli

rrorroHHHH

OKpeMHX

HarrpHKJia.IJ:,

3

BCJIKliMli

ryu;yrrhChKi

.[(i6p,

BOJIO.[(iHHi

rro6opOTli

Ha.[(3BHqatlHO

cT.

cerrJIH. JIHIIIe

y

3aBOJIO.[(iTH

cerrJIHChKi

XX

(.IJ:ep2KaBHHX)

B.[(aJIOCJI

BHIIa.[(KOBO

Ha6yToro

CTaHOBHII(e,

rroqaToK

IIOJIOHHH

rrpou;eciB

IIOJIOHHHaMH,

HerrpaBHO

-

3aJIHIIIaJiaCJI

MOHapxil

.[(iJIH

BaJia

14

i3

peiiiTa

ABCTpiHChKitt

XIX

KaMepaJibHliX

fyl(yJihll(HHi

6araTHM,

qac

KiHel(h

BJiaCHiCTIO

IIi.[(

BiJihHO

BOJIO-

<l>paHKO

IIi.[(Mi-

.[(ep2KaBa

,3aXOIIJIIO-

6opoHHrra Ha.[(aBarro

TeMHOrO

cera

Itt

B

He-

pyKH

H

6e3rrpaBHOrO

CeJIJIHCTBa" Bee caHitt

u:e

pliqHliX

Hli

-

aBCTpiHCbKe

3aiiJiyTaHy

I.

cy.[(iBHlil(TBO,

IIpOl(e.[(ypy

3

l(iJIOIO

y

cBo1tt

XIX

-

ce

cT.

KpOBaBa

<j:>opMaJiiCTliqHy

iCTO-

rroKa3aB BJiaCTJIMli

,ICTOpiJI

KOHl(eHTpOBaHHX

He.IJ:OIIH-

pi3HHX

aBCTpiHChKliMli

cy.[(iBHlil(TBa.

l(IO

rpyiiOIO

p.

Ha OCHOBi

rrorroBHHH

<l>paHKO, Ha

1898

y

JIKitt

yri.[(h

TOroqacHoro

3ayBa2Ky€

B

rrepiiio1

IIOJIOHliHChKliX

<j:>aJiblllliBOrO

fJIHCTOBaTOl,

Bi.IJ:o6pa3HB

fJIHCTOBaTa",

XVIII

3arap6aHHJI

IIi.[(CTaBi

CTape

KaMeHJIP

,IJOJIOHHHa

.IJ:OKyMeHTiB

HaCHJibHe Ha

BerrHKHtt

CTaTTi

IIOJIOHli-

CaTHpa IIHCaHHHY

i

Ha i

HeKOHl(eH-


Bo.!loiJuMup Fpa6o6eU,bKUii

286 TpOBaHIIX, CbKIIX

aJie

HeBi,IICTYIIHO

Bi,I13HaqlfTII,

COl(iaJibHOfO

B :1Ka6'e, iHmiiX

fopimHhOMY

CBOlX

rrepeBa2KHO

oBel(b.

BOJIO,IIiB

139,

mo

Bi,II ceJIJIH

iH03eMHi

JIIIXBapi

Ha

3a

,IIIITb <j:laKT, rrepe,IIaB

B

mo

II(O

I( ell

HaMaraJIIICJI CbKOfO HIIH

y

BOHII

<j:laKTifqHo

JIII

BIITpaTII Ha

JIO,II, B HIIH

BJiaCHIIKiB, BOJIO,IIapi

,116aJIII

MOpr

3a CTaH Ha

IIi,IIIIpli€Ml(iB-,IIeiiyTaTiB, 3JIIIfO,IIHi

u;ell:

CIIOCTepira€TbCJI

Ta

JIKi

Ta

qepe3

IIOJIOHIIH

Bi,I16IIpaJIII

150

lX

HaBO-

Eoll:qyK

3JIOTIIX

Ha

pliHCbKIIX. C <j:l e p 010

II(O

,IIJIJI

KaiiiTaJiiCTII

,IIII<j:lepeHl(ial(il

ciJihChKIIX

rip-

IIOJIO-

KYPKYJiiB.

51K

B opeH,IIy IIi,IIIIpli€M-

l(bOMY

3HaqHi

,IIOXO,IIII.

IIaCOBIIII(,

3a BIIHJIT-

0cTaHHi

rrpal(JOBa-

IIOJIOHIIHaX

ll

Bi,IIIIOBi,IIaJIII

rrpou;ec

,11p06JieHHJI

opeH,IIapi, JIIIXBapi

lM

IIOJIOHIIH,

3HaqHOl qacTIIHII

Ha

Ha

IIO,IIi6Hi

IliiJIIIII

3a

3JIOTIIX

OIIJiaTy rracTyXiB.

II(e

TaKi JIIIXBapi

TaKIIX

BIIfi,IIHOIO

BIICOKOripHIIX

rrepeHOCIIJIII

po,11y

6

IIIBII,IIKOl

Ha2KIIBaJIII

CT.

rrpii6pa-

BIITBIIl(bKIIH

IIOJIJI

,IIiJIJibHOCTi,

JIIIXBapiB

rroqaTKY

iHIIIi

3 :1Ka6'e

rrepeXO,IIy

BaciiJih

XIX

BCbOfO

C.

CTaJIII

MII-

o6cnyroByBaJIII

fYU:YJibCbKIIX

3,IIaBaJIII IIOJIOHIIHII

JIKi

He3HaqHOl CYMII

Ha HeBeJIIIKi ,IIiJIJIHKII,

1

rrpou;ec

.,IIeiiyTaTaMII", He

ryu;yn

3a

XY,II06II,

reKTapaMII

MaxiHau;ill:

Ta

qacTiiiie

BHaCJii,IIOK

BCJIKOfO qac

3a

400

Ha6yTTi

MOpriB

IIOJIOHIIHII

Bi,I16yBCJI

BCi Ha3BaHi

3BaHIIM

KOM

piqHo

BOJIO,IIiTII.

BeJIIIKIIX

IIliM,

cT.

JIKIIX

CTa,IIa

H a,IIBipHJIHII(IIHII.

JlaH,IIay

a

fonoBax Ta

Ha

MaKCIIM'JOK

rronoBIIHII

IJ p II

rrpou;ecy

CiJibChKi ,IIYKII

ryu;yJiiB

qacTIIHY

160

IIi,IIIIpli€MHIIl(bKOl

HIIMII

pyKII

yrO,IIII,

CBOlX

fYU:YJibChKi

150,

MIIKOJia-

BIIOpeH,IIOByBaJIII.

60-x poKax XIX

HaCeJieHHJI

rrpaBIIJIO,

pi3Hi

Ta

KypiHHIIil

Ha rroqaTKY XX

CeJIJIH.

BIIXO,IIIIJIO

KaiiiTaJiiCTifqHOl

B2Ke

cT.

rri,IICTYIIHIIX

Ilep<j:lop,

eKCIIJiyaTal(il

B

qac

,11pyroi"

3HaqHy

,IIeKOJIII

XX

6araTIIX

IIOCi,IIaJIII

6oprii,

-

TaK,

BeJIIIKi

Ko ciBII(IIHII,

IIIJIJIXOM

IIOJIOHIIH.

opeH,IIy JIIIXBap!O

poKiB,

cin

3YMiJIII

3aCTOCOByBaJIII

CeJIJIH

Y

IIOKYT-

fOCIIO,IIapCTBa

IIOJIOHIIH,

rroqaTKY

ToHJOK

rrpoTJiroM

B2Ke

6araTi

BIIIIaCaJIII

IIaCOBIIII(a

IIITeHHMel(,

3all,IIII

Ha2KIIB aJIIICJI

25

Ta

KpacHoi"nni,

KiJibKa

BaciiJih

220,

6 ar a Th ox

6araTO

<l>peHKeJib,

ITO

Ha

<l>IIJIIIHqyK

€Bpe1-JIIIXBapi

KaiiiTaJii3MY

KpiiBopiBHi,

,11ep2KaJIII

IJOJIOHIIHChKi

XapaKTepHo,

y

a,IIBOKaTiB

6araTbMa IIOJIOHIIHaMII.

Jlecb

3

JIK

fyu;yJibll(IIHi

HarrpiiKJia,II,

Hall:MIITII- rracTyxii

cT.

p03BIITKY

Ha

HaHMIITiB-IIaCTyXiB

Ilpou;JOK

IIOJIOHIIH.

rrepi0,11

51ceHoBi,

CeJiaX

,IIOIIOMOfOIO

178,

B

BOJIO,IIiJIII

ripCbKIIX

xall:no

II(O

po3mapyBaHHJI

OKpeMIIX ryu;yJiiB

TII

rr'JIBOK,

IIIICapiB".

Tpe6a

XX

HapO,IIHIIX

3a

fOJIO,II,

CeJIJIHCbKIIX i

XO-

Xy,11o6y.

6araTil,

JIK

IIOJIOri€HII,


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

CKYIIOByBaJIII THCb

rrpH

5J:MHa

i

):(eHb

XY):(06H

TJirHyBCJI B

ropax

):(OCJii):(HHKH,

B

pOCJIHHH Kp ami

B

cerrax

287

3

B

6araTiJIH.

15

):(0

IfbOMY

M02KHa

MHKYJIHqHH,

rrepeKOHa-

:1Ka6'€,

BHIIa):(KiB

KOpMOBOl

rryqHi

3

BHIIacy

rrrromi

IIOJIOHHHH,

JIKi

Ha

6irrhm

XY):(06H

(y

!J:OIIIi

JIKOCTi

oBerrh,

B2Ke

a6o

B

fpHHJIBa,

IIOJIOHHHaX -

6iJIOBYC

rrepiO):(

rrell:

CHirH.

TpaBaMH. rrrromi

):(JIJI

IfhOrO

TpaB'JIHHC-

3

arre

6yJIH

6irroBycoM O):(HOrO

rrepio):(ax),

ripCbKOrO

CTaBaJIO

Ee3CHCTeMHHH rri):(

BHKOpHCTOByBaJIHCJI, ociHHhOMY

1-15

3

3ayBa2KyiDTb

myqHHK,

rriHHHMH

i

qac

5J:K

pOCTYTh i

36irrhmyBaB

BeCHJIHOMY

MaJIH

OXOIIJIIOBaB

OCKiJihKH

BHIIa):(aJIH

oco6rrHBO

)l,JIJI

IIOJIOHHHaX

2KOBTHJI,

6iJihiiiOCTi

IIOJIOHHHH

myqHHKOM.

Ha

):(eKOJIH

HH3bKOl

xy):(o6H,

ripchKi

Ha

rrorroHHH

BHIIacy

XOJIO):(HO,

BHrrac

):(HJI

ToM

iH.

Ce30H

Ti

3

orJIJI):(i

Ta

qepBHJI

i

IlpuKapnammR.

paHOHY

3

i

6oKy,

):(pyroro

BHpimaJibHe

3HaqeHHJI.

B

rrepio):(

):(y2Ke

Marro

3aHMaJIHCb OKpeMHX i

KarriTarri3MY yBarH

BH):(iJieHHJIM

):(iJIJIHOK

KOCiHHJI

6araTbMa

poKiB

):(JIJI

TpaBH.

Ha

3a

Ha

a

BHIIacy

):(JIJI

O):(HOMY qoro

IIOJIOHHHH

3HaqHo

.):(erryTaTH

rrpH):(iJIJIJIH

IIOJIOHHHaMH.

BOHR

He

XY):(06H

marrami xy):(o6H

3aJIHIIIaJIHCb

BHaCJii):(OK

JIHXBapi,

ryrryJihChKHMH

IIOJIOHHHaX

qHCeJihHi

oropo2KaMH

rrepeHOCHJIHCh,

rri):(rrpH€Mrri,

):(OrJIJI):(y

TOMY

He

KiJihKa

2K

TpaB'JIHHCTHH ripmaB,

3

Micrri, IIOKpiB

He

Bi):(HOB-

JIIO B aBC JI. llOJIOHHHH TOByBaJIH

):(JIJI

JIOHHHaX, He

TH

He ITO

CJIH3hKi

i

3

TaK

CiHO

JIK

):(0

xy):(o6oro

CHi2KHHM

,B

ITO

Kpy-

):(OporaM

):(OMY,

3H-

rrepe6pec-

3aMeTiJIJIJIM

Mi2Krip 'JI

ITO-

fOJIOBarrhKHH,

o6pHBHCTHM

3Be3TH

M02KHa

BHKOpHC-

XY):(06H.

51.

KOCJITh,

CTe2KKaM

HeM02KJIHBO MOIO

OCHOBHOMY

BHIIacy IIHCaB

TpaBH THM

B

3aMep3rri

qepe3 cTpy-

Cmo;limHiu IIpHXO):(HTbCJI xy):(o6y

BepxH

JIHIIIe

JiiTOM

BHrracaTH

KOpHCTyBaTHCJI

6yH:-

CeMeH 6iJZ5l

.aupiJa

i3

HaiJeipHof.

cyu,yJZ ceJZa

3eJZeHa

CeimJZuHa


288

BoJtoiJuMup

HIIMII

ITacoBIIII(aMII

ITpOCTOpOM 6araTIIM

500

Bi):(

KaiTiTaJI,

3y6o2KiHHJI

OcKiJihKII

<j:>opMII

ITOJiiTifqHo

i

6yJIII

ITOTBOpHi ,[(IIJIII KII

H:

mopa3

i

ra3eT,

MaH2Ke

TpeTJO

Bci"

6yJIII

pyKaX JIIIXBapiB CJI

pi3HIIMII

MaJIO

Micu;e

HhOMY

B

CITpiiJIB

,[(0

TOprOBIIH

36araqeHHIO

l(iJIKOBIITOrO

B

lX

i

p030-

CBOlX

-

CeJIJIHChKIIX

CKap6y.

<l>yHT

KonoMIIHChKIIH

ra3eTa

cy):(

ll,e

piK

a

CTOpiH-

p030peHHJI ,CyMHO

a

Ta

,EaThKiBII(IIpo):(IIH

ITOJIOHIIHII i

):(Bi

ITpiiBO-

B

JIIIXBapcbKIIX

,B2Ke

OITIIHIIJIIICJI

B

JIIIXBapi ,[(OMaraJIII-

rpyHTII,

,ITOTpylB

B

ITOKa3yJOTb

Xy):(o6y,

fyu;ynh-

Ha

JIIIXBapJIMII.

lli):(CTYITHi

BIIITaCaTII

3JIII,[(eHHiCTb.

TOprOBl(i.

KOMiCiJIMII

lM

Ta

poKy

rpyHTiB,

cepBiTyTHIIMII

3aiTIICyBaTII

3

MiCl(eBoro

BqiiTY€MOCJI

300

B2Ke

ronoBHIIX

eKoHoMiqHo,

KaiTiTany

ITIIcana

qacTIIHY

mo

KOJIII

MaTepiaJiaX

:1Ka6'e:

lX

TeMpliBY

2KOpCTOKIIMII

ropax",

ITaHCbKOrO

ryu;yniB

):(iJIMII

Bi€,

Bi!J:

BIIp06HIIl(TBa,

eKCITJiyaTal(il

€BpeHChKi

3

ll(KO

Ha

ITi):(CTYITHIIMII

HaiiiiiX

)Ka6'e,

,[(JIJI

3aKa6 aJIJOBaJIII

6araTil

B

Bi):():(aJieHi

JIIIXBapcbKoro

ryu;yniB

Bi):(i6paHi

3a

BIIITacy XY):(06II.

OTpiiMaB

KaiTiTaJiiCTifqHoro

CTpaXOM

3aCTaBJIJIJIII

rpyHT",

HaJie2KaTb ,[(eJIKIIM

6oKy,

Ha):(3BIIqaH:Ho

ITpiiKJia):(

a6o

i

JIKi

MiCl(eM

ITpii3BiB

ITpiipiKaJOqlf

II(O

CITOC06aMII

ITpOITOHyBaJIII

-

BIIri,[(HIIMII

CBOlMII

3He,[(OJieHIIX

cyMHiiiie

O,[(HOrO

cyTi,

CiJihChKi

JIKi

HaBO!J:IIBCJI

3aXOITIIJIII

6yJIII

cBoi"H:

3y6o2KiHHJI.

TOroqacHIIX

Ha".

B

MiCl(eBi

CIIJIII,

ripchKi ITacoBIIII(a,

fyu;yJihll(IIHi

BeJIIIKOrO

ITpe):(cTaBHIIKaMII

CeJIJIH ,[(0

Hell(aCHIIX

cena

MOpaJibHO,

OcHOBHIIMII

Ha

3

6iJihiiie,

qlf

ryu;yniB.

KaiTiTaJiy

B OHII,

i

OCHOBHIIM

):(pyroro

3aJii3HIIl(h,

HaceneHHJI.

II(IIHi

JIKIIH,

ryu;ynhChKi

MaricTpaJieH

6yJIII

rpyHT

3

ITOJIOHIIHII,

,[(eCJITIIH

CeJIJIH,

ITpOMIICJIOBl(iB, i

pi3Hi

i3

CITpiiJITJIIIBIIH

JIIIXBapCbKIIH ):(pi6HIIX

qifHOM,

1000

,[(0

BJiaCHIIKaM

0co6JIIIBO

peHHJI

TaKIIM

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

a

CaMIIM

Ha

ryu;yna, 3acy):(IIB

CeJIJIHaM

OCTaHH€,

JIK

l(e

II(06 ,[(OCTaBCJI

ITO

H:oro

18

Ha

poKiB

YB' JI3HeHHJI. B

Till

,BEech

2Ke

BIIp06HIIKiB ryu;yJIII KOJIII

6

ITO

iHIIIOrO Haxa6Ho

3aJIIIIIIa!OTbCJI 6i):(HO

MOrJIII

B

poKaX,

CBOlX

a

ITO

KYTOqKa

ITOpiBHJIHHi

Ta

fyu;yJihll(IIHII

eKciTnyaTyEThCJI

KpiiXiTKII,

3BiJihHIITIICJI

eKciTnyaTau;iJI

CITpaB):(i, IIIeHHJI

3

ryu;yna

2KIIBYTh

HemacTJI, He

ra3eTi

TPY!J:

Bi):(

3

qepe3 TIIM,

JIK

eKCITJiyaTal(il

KYPKYJihCTBO

ITOBi):(OMJIJIJIOCJI:

KYPKYJIJIMII, Te

HaBiTh

BOHII

Ha

MOrJIII

6

ITOCepe):(HIIKa.

pocTyTh,

a

):(OJIJO

KOCiBChKi 2KIITII,

Ane,

ryu;ynii

Ha

6i):(HiJOTh

rO,[(IIHax".

CiJihChKIIH ITpii6yTKiB

rJIIITaH, BCiJIJIKO

6araq

3

MeTOIO

Ha2KIIBII

BIIKOpiiCTOByBaB

Ta

6i):(HOrO

36iJihryu;yna,


ImocmpoeaHa JIKIIH

3

icmopi5l

MeTOIO

yTpiiMyBaTII

6y.[(h-JIK

CBOIO

.[(IIHY

BIIHattMaBCJI

60TII

.n:o

Ha

o6po6iToK a6o

B

ropo.n:iB i

IIJiaTy

Ha

rracaB

xy.n:o6y,

Ane

i

BO

u;noro

OCh

JIKIIH

TiJihKII

JIIIXBa pcTBa

KY

qac

BII-

oBel(h.

a

tt

.[(JIJI

OC06JIIIIIO.[(aTKiB,

l(hOro .[(0

TaKIIH

JIIIXBapJI,

qeKaB.

pi3Hi.

rpoiiiett,

<l>opMII

II 03IfqiiBIIIII

JIIIXBap

qepe3

36iJihiiiyBaB CBOIO IIo.n:eKy.IJ:II .[(03BOJIIITII

II03II-

JIK

Ha

3eMJie!O

pOKII TiJihKII

IIaCOBIIII(i

IIi.[(CTYIIHIIM

IIi.[(ripCbKIIX

O.IJ:HY

6IIKiB,

JIKi

rrpo.n:ae

3a

KYIIIIB

KOIIITyBaJIII,

HOM.

0T2Ke

a

70

CeJIJIHIIHOBi

60 JIIIXBap

3aHMaB

30

3a

3JIOTIIX.

6IIKII

BiH

.[(y2Ke

Ha

JIIIXBapCbKOrO

3JIOTIIX.

a

II(e

y

HhOrO

B3JIB

II(O

IIaCTII

i

poraTOl

IIi.[(

Ha

JIIIXBapi

3IIMye,

Bi.IJ:6IIpae

35

TIIX

6opOIIIHa

He 3a

Ha

30

qepe3

err inKy

2-3

poKII JIK Ti

3a

3JI.

i

CeJIJIHII-

CeJIJIHIIH

10

II03IIKY

3JIOTIIX

TaK rrapy

3JIOTIIX,

BIICTaqaJIO

10

HOMY

)l:eKOJIII

o6.n:ypJOBaHHi

HapO.[(

35

y

Ha.n:BipHJIHChKIIX

Me2KII JIIIXBapeM

3JI.

3JIOTIIX

.[(OrJIJI.[(aTII

rrace,

co6i

3a TOpiiiiHIO HOMY

10

IIpliMOMY

,3

3aCTaBy

HaBO.[(JITb

XY.IJ:06II.

ceJIJIHIIHOBi

IIO.[(iJiy

pa30M

CiHa,

qacOM

rriicanocJI:

CeJIJIHIIH

3iCTa€ .[(0

Bi.[(paXOBY€

6IIKa,

p.

.n:ae

JIIIXBap

IIpiiH.[(e

3aKyiiiBJIIO

BeJIIIKOl

1883

JIIIXBa p

a

II03IfqiiBIIIII

3a Bi.[(COTKII

36araqyBaBCJI

Terrep 3JI.

Bi.[(COTKII,

BIIKOpiiCTOBYIOTb

H arrpiiKna.n:,

100

Ceim!luHa

O.[(Jir TOII(O. )l:ocJii.[(HIIKII

ceJIJIHIIH,

rOJIOBY

CIIOC060M

CTOpOHaX

err inKy.

.[(iCTa€,

3a

Ha.n:BipHJIHII(IIHi

MYCIITb Tpii

cJl{J!lKa.

Kpe.[(IITO-

CB0€10

ceJIJIH. TaK, y TO.IJ:iiiiHitt ra3eTi 3a

3BaHy

Cmapa

ceJIJIHIIH

HaBiTh CBOl .[(OMaiiiHi peqi,

CBO€MY

JIIIXBap

Mi3epHy

aBCTpiHChKIIH

CIIJIY

TOrO

6yB

rrpiiKJia.[(II, JIIIXBapJI,

3a

BIICTaqano

Ka6any

KOpiiCTyBaTIICJI

rrepe.[(aBaB

Ha

B B

Bi.IJ:COTKaMII.

3MyiiieHIIH py

He

6ynii

cyMy

ciHo2KaTett,

.[(ep2KaBHIIX

iiiiOB

Ta

IIOJIOHIIHaX

o6KJia.[(aB ttoro

ryu;yn

rreBHY

Ta

IIp02KIITKY,

CIIJiaTII

.[(eJIKIIH

rre-

nicy

rrepeBa2KHO

MiHiMaJibHOrO

JIKIIMII

po-

KYPKYJIJI,

xono.n:i

ripCbKIIX

po-

Ce30HHi

3aroTiBJIJO

rono.n:i

289

3

BII2KIITII,

2KaJIJOri.IJ:HY Ha

Micu;eBoro

peBa2KHO

ToM

IlpuKapnammR.

3JI.,

He JIKY

.[(03IIMyBaTII i

TaK

BIIH.[(e


BoJtoiJuMup

290

20

3JI.

Bi.[(

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1 TIIX

2Ke

20

3JI.

o6qiiCJIIITb CeJIJIHIIHOBi Bi.n:COTOK JIIIXBII,

a

B

.[(O.[(aTKY

H: 3a rrepiiiiiH TII2K.[(eHh

me

Bi.[(COTOK,

II(O

BIIHece

pa-

30M JIIIXBII 32 Bi.IJ:COTKII. TaKIIM

qifHOM

JIJIHIIHOBi cy

3

3JI.,

.[(0MY

He

He 3

cyu,yJta

ParjJaCiJtoea

3

BIIrra.n:KoBo

a 6i.[(Hi€MO, BCJIKoro

a

HaBiTh

3a6IIpa!OTb.

II

XY.IJ:06II Ill,o 90-X

fOCIIO.[(II,

OBel(b,

co6o10

poKax,

.[(e

JIBJIJIJIO

A.

rrepeKOHY€,

II(O

632

Bi.[(HOCHO

IIp02KIIBaJIII pO.[(HIIKiB J!K

i

HaceneHHJI. HII.

J!K

2KIIJIII .[(aJIII HIIM

B

136

JIKIIX

CJiyr

B

Ta

MII

pyKaX

3a

Ha

TYT

64

OCHOBi

CTapiiX

i

IIOJIOHIIHII,

cena

Bee

CTa.[(a

140

CKJia.[(y,

TO

rpyHTiB,

KypHIIX,

B

60-

JIKIIH

CIIOCTepe2KeHHJI,

l(bOMY

ITO

IIOKpiiTIIX

3araJibHIIM

3

B

IIOp03KII.[(yBaHi

120

pO.[(IIH

CeJIO

III eiiiopii,

BJiaCHOrO

CIIOCTepira€TbCJI

6i.[(Hi

Mi3epHO.

IIIICaB

rri.n:ropJIHaM

6 e3

qifCJIOM

IIOCeJieHHi

Topraiiii,

15

3aro-

HaHMIITiB.

ryl(yJIII XaTIIHaX,

)J:y2Ke

H a.[(BipHJIHII(IIHII

,Ilpii.[(IIBiMCJI,

6i.[(II

JIIIXBapi

ryl(yJihCbKe

HapaXOBY€TbCJI

CeJii

HY2K.[(eHHIIX

Ha.[(3Blfqall:HO ryl(yJiaM

CBOl

yrra.[(a€MO,

II

6o

.n:ie-

KiHl(eM

6araTiJOTh,

piK

HY2K.IJ:II

Ca.[(II6II

Ilo.n:i6Horo po.n:y KapTIIHa 6yna i TaKi

Hac

JIIIXBapiB".

IIJiaHi

rroci.n:aqi

II(O

Bi.[(

orriicoM

IIp02KIIBaJIO

JIIIXBapi

ryu;ynaM,

MaJIII

ryl(yJihChKi

COl(iaJibHOrO

l(bOMY

rrpaBIIJIO,

3arrymeHIIM

BiH,

CBJIII(eHIIK,

BII.[(HO,

y

CeJii

JipaMII,

XaT,

B

TO

II(O

y

KiHel(b

MII

BMIIpa€ 6i.[(HIIM

COl(iaJibHOMY

l(bOMY

rrepe.[(iJieHi

qacii,

BCe B

Hac

HaM,

rrpocTe2KIITII

.!l:P aHIIl(JIMII, oco6II.

Ti

IIIHaH.[(ep. B

3

6i.n:a

HIIHi

M02KHa

rrpe.[(CTaBIIB

rop6ax,

6araTo

OH:,

paTyHKy.

ceJIJIHII

3i3HaBaJIIICJI:

mopoKy

JIIIIIIe

ce-

iHTepe-

JIKIIX TaK02K .[(0-

p03IIYKOIO

,TaK

6iiJHoco

l(hOrO

rrpiiHece

ThCJI,

Xama

JIIIIIIIITbCJI

3

H:

.[(aB

BiH

y

TaKIIM

B

xapqyBaJIIICJI

B.[(aJiy

He3aM02KHOrO

iHIIIIIX cenax

O.[(JiraJIIICJI

B

i3

1890

qifM-6y.[(h

pou;i,

.[(OIIIICyBaqiB

caMIIM

-

fyu;ynhll(II-

.[(paHTIIBIIH

xapaKTepiiCTIIKY

O.[(IIH

2Ke

6araTO

O.[(Jir, BIIrJIJI-

TaKIIM

6i.[(-

ra3eTII.

HaiiiiiM

ryu;ynaM

i

B

Hell(aCHIIM, ropax.

)]:II-


ImocmpoeaHa BIIIIICJI

Ha

Ha HiM, ITO

icmopi5l TaKoro

JIK

Ha I

TO

ce

He

He

MaiO Th

TYT

a6o

Ta

ttoro

3HaTII,

qifM

I.[(iM

2Ke

3eMJIIO,

TO

TOITJIIIBO

CTiJI,

a6o

)l:o

a

JlJO.[(II JIKIIH

JIKY

TO

MaJii

.[(eCb

06pa3HO ITpO TJI2KKY, pyCHIIKaM. BCiX

6oKiB.

IOTbCJI HaM, 2KIITII!

Ha.[(

JIK

.[(06pa .[(IITIIHa

TO

KOJIIICb

JIK

Bi.[(aB,

HaM

Po3Ka3yBaJIII HaiiiiiM

i

Ha

xoTh

KpiiXTII

IIIO He

TiEl

H.[(yqlf

BII.IJ:IIThCJI,

noiiiaTa,

He

HaC

ll

3Blfqat!:HO, a2K

KOp2K

i3

.[(OITIICyBaqiB

ITpO

CBOIO

HapO.[(OM; 2K

-

TO

JI

qeT-

BOCbMII

JiiJiiiTyT. a6o

ITO

He TpeTiM

ropHel(b,

a6o

60

ITeqyTh

ra3eTII

Hel,

HeMa,

3a

, naThKiBII(IIHa"

6i.[(a

HaM,

TIICHe

xoqy

.[(o6pi

xi6a

ITOBHY

ITpa3HIIK".

He.[(OJIIO,

co6i,

pO.[(IITh,

6e3

.[(0

MaJioro

60 XOTb Tpa<j:>IITb-

6i.[(a Ta tt

o6itt.[(eTbCJI

MipKyttTe He

,Ott,

ITO.[(ep-

BII.[(iJia.

Ha

CBJITO

Te6e

rpaJOThCJI .IJ:iTII,

pou;i

MiCJil(JIMII,

Ha

Ha

Me6ni

)l:aJibiiie

)l:IITIIHa

CJIOBOM

CiJih,

A

HaBiTh

ITeqi

602KIIH ITiCHO, 3a

TOITIITII, .IJ:POB

y.[(apiiTb

3atl:MaJOqlf

He

CTapiiX

COJIOMII,

HeM a

.[(pyriM

tt

y2Ke

TO

B

CITIITa€III

B03.IJ:yxy.

6py.[(Hi.

tt

-

qifM

6e3

6py.IJ:Hitt

MOJIOKO

a6o

ryu;yniB: He

ITiq,

JIIO.[(II

ITJIOTiB

qopHOIO.

qaCTO

Bi.[(HecyTh

BII.[(JITb

.[(pyri

3eMJIJI

rHIIJioro

ITO

piK

HeMa

pill(e.

Kpat!:HO

6iJihiiie JIK

3

XaTII",

3Bipa,

Ha

IT03aiTa.[(eHi

KYITYIOTh

4-5-JiiTHIO,

MaTII

i

3a

6py.[(y

TO

Ha

XaTII

JIKOrO

coiTyx

ni2KKO.

xpell(eHIIM

.IJ:OJIJirae. y

CeJii

ITpiiiTIIpa€

O.[(IIH

B2Ke

Ha

Ca.[(Ky

6i.[(Hi

,ITJiaxa".

ttoro He

roJIO.IJ:HY .[(OJIIO

Xni6a

B03i,

noiiiaTa,

ciTpaB.IJ:i,

HOpii

Bi.[(

-

BeJIIIKi l.[(JITh,

Xni6a

I

ITOCTiJih,

oropHeHi,

BIICJIOBIIBCJI

ryu;ynaM,

rp.

a-ll(e

IT0.[(06ae

ITOKJia.[(OK,

xi6a

-

Heo6rop0.[(2KeHi.

xaTi

KyTi

TaK

B2Ke i

iHIIIY .[(aqKy.

ttoro

JIK

A

TaKi.

BIICTyiTa€

CipaK

Hero He

qoJIOBiK ITiiiiiiH,

IT06aqiiMO

MHori

ITOCTeJii

eCJIII

TO

60

.[(0

y

ryl(yJihChKII

Bi.[(KOJIII

Bi.[(JiyqiiJia,

OCeJie.[(l(JI.

2K

MaJiiM

KOHi

Bi.IJ:Ka2Ke.

pa.[(IIIe

O.[(HOMY

.[(eB'JITIIJiiTHJI 60

TaK

o6ropO.[(IIJIII

40-60

a

HaKpiiTa,

xaTII,

Hari,

He

ciHJIX,

CTOJIIIKa.

.[(IIBOTa,

CJI

y

ITO

qacTh

Matl2Ke

60

TaKiM He

CeJIO,

ropO.[(IITII. ITO

XaTII,

Y

Me6Jii.

BepeTOIO

Ha

BIIrOHi,

qifM",-

xniB

B2Ke,

BepTy

Ha

rpyHT

TOIO

caMe

TaK BIIrJIJI.[(aB

KoHi,

B

, qOMY

ITJiaTJITb

HattiTepiiie

JIKOrOCb

ret!:

,HeMa

i

y

CopoqKa y

MiCTa.

TiHe!O

BII.[(HO.

BcTyiTIIB .[(0

OKOH

.[(0

IIITaHII

Hiqoro,

Hiqoro.

ITOCTaTh,

TOIO

tt

ret!:

l.[(e.

CTOJiqlf

IIIO

291

3

BIIMOKJie,

.[(paRKa.

ITepecTyiTIITII.

3a

CJii.[(

6i.[(onaxy. He

TOpr

BiH

JIIII(e

CTaHOBIITb

CMYTHa

M02KHa

JIIIIIIe

ane

6iJihiii

TepMiH

ToM

IIIeBqeHKO, naTKa Ha naTu;i.

copoqKII,

ITpOCBJITa, O.[(e2Ki,

CeJIJIHIIHa,

Ka2Ke

JIJO.[(JIX

IlpuKapnammR.

TO

JIK

ITepe.[(

JIJO.IJ:II,

TpOXII

6i.[(HIIM

BORa HaC TO

CBiTOM, JIK

i3

36IITKy-

TO

ll(O

TeiTep

MaH.[(II6ypKII,

JIK


292

BoJtoiJuMup

Tunu

y6ocux

ceJt5lH

IIelfeHiJtCuHa

XIX

KiHU,Jl

Tpa<j:>IITbCJI .[(06piiH piK, II(O He

3

TOrO

KaMeHJI,

1896 p.

CeimJtuHa

3rHII€, TO 2KMeHJO 6o6y.

3a rpyHT Ta xaTy 3arrnaTII, 3a rroxopoH Ta 3 qoro?

em.

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

A IIO.[(aTOK

3arrnaTII ... HOTapJI 3arrnaTII

II(O HIIIIIe

KaMiHHJI

pO.[(IITb?".

B yMoBax 2KopcToKoro KarriTanicTIIqHoro na.n:y, BIIKHIIKaHoro conjanhHIIM

p03IIIapyBaHHJIM

p!OBaHbHOIO

CIICTeMOIO HIIXBapCbKOrO

B 3M03i rrporo.[(yBaTII xni6a

BIIHaH:MaTIICJI

rrpal(JOBaTII

Ha

CBOel CiM'l, Ha

ce30HHi

36inhiiieHHJIM KaiiiTany,

IIO.[(aTKiB

(ryn;yniB), -

3apo6iTKII

p030-

qacTIIHa ryn;yniB,

cinhChKorocrro.n:apchKi

IIIICaB O.[(IIH 3 .[(OCHi.[(HIIKiB y

rrepeBa2KHO

i

He

3MyiiieHa 6yna 3 MeTOIO 3apo6iTKiB po6oTII

3a HII3hKY OIIHaTy B .[(ep2KaBHIIX niC03aroTiBHJIX.

TaK02K 3 HIIX XO.[(JITb

cenJIHCTBa,

BeCHOIO

IIi.[(

qac

a6o

,EaraTO

1871

p.,

CiHOKOCiB

Ta

2KHIIB B qy2Ki ypo2KaHHiiiii OKOHIII(i Ha )l:HiCTep i IJpyT, a6o rrpal(JOIOTb

B

rrpiinerniix

B2Ke, IIO.[(i6HO

KaMepanhHIIX

rranOMHIIl(TBY,

nicax,

poKiB

3y6o2Kini

ToroqacHa

rrpeca

B

ocTaHHix

poKax .n:eJIKi

BIIl2K.[(2Ka!OTb HaBiTh 3a rpaHIIl(IO, T06-

TO .[(0 Pocil." BIIcniB ,B OCTaHHiX poKaX 60-x

a

ryn;ynii

eMirpyBanii

.[(OCIITb

IIOBHO

CBi.[(qlfTh, II(O B2Ke B KiHl(i B

Poci10.

BIICBiTHJOBana

IIpiiqlfHII

BIIi"3.[(y

ryn;yniB Ha 3apo6iTKII, rrepeBa2KHO Ha IIo.n:innJI i B Eecapa6i10. A mo lX 3MyiiiyBano Bi.[(XO.[(IITII Ha l(i

3apo6iTKII, .[(OCIITb JICHO IIIICaHOCJI

B

O.[(HiH i3 KOpeCIIOH.[(eHl(iH ra3eTII ,CnoBo" 3a 1880 piK. ,3HaHa y HaC


ImocmpoeaHa piq,

icmopi5l

Bi.[(3HaqaB

2KIIBaJOqlf Tpe6a,

B

IlpuKapnammR.

KOpeCIIOH.[(eHT,

ropax,

JIIIXBap

3eMJIJI

3a6paB i

IIi.[(

KaMepaJihHi,

Ha HIIX JiaTaHa, .n:yrna lCTII

yBII.IJ:iBIIIII, HOMY

He

MeiiiKaHel(b

ryu;yn

rno

rrnaq

KOpOTKO

rono.n:HoJO cMepT!O

Hi

CKa3aBIIIII,

OTpy6iB,

rnyKaTII

3apo6iTKy.

6paB

.[(aJibiiie

B pOKII,

IIIO

HOMY

TIIM

BiBIJ;i;

Ta

H:

IIp0-

IIJiaTIITII

CiJih

CKap6oBa,

XOpOIIIIIM

JieriHeM;

mo.

CJI.[(h Ta

TYT HeMa

rno .[(JIJI .[(a.[(yTh,

IIO.[(aTKII

CTaB

a

CII.IJ:iB

He

rrnaKaB,

a .n:anhrne,

H:oro rrnaqy Hi rro.n:aTKY Hi

3

JIIIXBap

IIOJIOHIIHII

2KiHKOIO

.[(iThMII

He xi6a

Ka3aB 2KiHu;i rreqii rraJIJIHIIU:h 3 KYKYPY-

IIaJIIIl(IO

TaK

rip

IIIIIIIIITh, qac

COJii

riiHYTII -

.IJ:3JIHIIX

HaiiiiiX

JIKIIHCh

Haiiii JIIO.[(II,

HeB.[(JiqHa,

IIOpaxyBaB

He .n:orroMarae,

IIO.[(apy!OTh,

Bi.[(.[(aCTh,

JIK TepiiJIJITb

IIOJIOHIIHY,

O.[(i2K

ryu;yne!

-

293

3

IIOCiBII

JiiCII

rrnaq,

ToM

i3

CIIYCKaBCJI

po6IIB

O.IJ:IIH

6iJihiiie

CBOlX

ryu;yn, .n:pyriiH:

ryu;yniB

IIOKII.[(aJIO

i

rip

B

TpeTiH:,

CBOl ropii

.[(OJIII i

H

qifM iiiiJIII

rpoMa.[(aMII, .n:eJIKi Ha Harne IIo.n:innJI, a .n:eJIKi a6 o rre peKpaBIIIIICh, a6 o H:

3a

rrarnrropTaMII

rrycKaJIIICJI

3a

pociH:cnKY

rpaHIIU:JO,

HaH:6inhrne

B

Eecapa6i10.

A

rno

1x

TaM

qeKano

6o.n:aH:

He

Ka3aTII.

)J:nJI

6araqa

qlf

<j:>a6piiKaHTa Eecapa6il 6yB IIOTpi6HIIH TaKIIH ryu;yn, JIKIIH 6y.n:e ,KiJihKa rO.[(IIH

.[(OBIIIe

B .[(eHb

po6IITII,

IIpiiCTaBIIIII

3rO.[(IITbCJI

3a MeHIIIY

IIJiaTy".

Ocb

JIIIXBa p eM

BIICIICaHIIH

ryu;yn

qepe3

i

Ha

JIKIIH-He6y.[(h

H:oro .IJ:OJIJI. 3aMaJOBaqiB

I TaKIIH iiiiOB

Ha

xapq,

36i.n:HiJIIIH, l(i

TJI2KKi

po6oTII. O.n:Hi ,yMIIpanii 3 HY2K.IJ:II", iHrni, po3rrpaBIIBIIIIICh 3 rraHChKIIMII

HarnJI.n:aqaMII,

BIIHaHMaJIOCJI

rrorra.n:anii

Ha po6oTy .[(0

y

B'JI3HIIU:i,

<j:>a6piiKaHTa,

IIaCIIOpT, .[(OBO.[(IIB .[(0 p03IIYKII

i

a

Te,

JIKIIH,

rno

yTpiiMyBanocb,

3a6paBIIIII y

ryu;yna

2Ke6paKa".

TinhKII O.IJ:IIH, ane JICKpaBIIH rrpiiKna.n: TaKoro KpaH:Hhoro 6i.n:yBaHHJI ryu;yniB HIIK":

Ha 3apo6iTKax y

Eecapa6il orriicana ra3eTa

, O.n:ecbKIIH

Bic-

,}J:o MiCTeqKa H OBOCeJIIIl(i IIpii6yna O.[(HOrO .[(HJI .[(OCIITb 3HaqHa

rpoMa.[(Ka JIJO.[(eH. IIaHa,

BiH

HeMIIJIOCep.[(HO

lX

y

nyJIII TO Haiiii ryu;yJIII.

MaTII y

KOTporo

HaHMaJIIICb

KpiiB.[(IIB;

He

BoHII He MOrJIII B2Ke BIITpii-

3a KOHTpaKTOM

Ha po6oTy,

IIJiaTIIB

HaJie2KaJIOCb

KiJihKO

60

.[(aBaB .[(y2Ke .[(eiiieBIIH xapq. 0T2Ke, BOHII 3ipBaJIII KOHTpaKT, IIOKIIHYJIII po6oTy H IIpiiHIIIJIII .[(0 HoBOCeJIIIl(i, 6e3 rporna B KIIIIIeHi i 6e3 KYCKa xni6a

B

Top6IIHi.

2KaJib 6yno JIIIl(i, .n:pyri

rJIJI.[(iTII

30MJiini, rrorri.n:

Bci

po6iTHIIKII

Ha HIIX,

HY2K.IJ:eHHi. xaTII.

Ti,

BIIrJIJI.[(aJIII

.n:y2Ke

HY2K.IJ:eHHO,

i .[(eJIKi Jie.[(Be .[(OBOJiiKJIIICh .[(0

O.n:Hi rno

rronJiranii 6ynii

rri.n: .n:epeBa

cna6rni,

ne2KaJIII

rrpii Ta

a2K

HoBOCe.n:oporax, cTorHanii;


294 KOTpi 2K 6yJIII TIIHeiO.

TaK

He6oM.

He

XOTiB

3,!\0pOBi, qoTIIpii

,!(Hi

rroKII,!(aJIII

ITO

Hoqi

XaTaX

BIITJiraJIII

rrpoBeJIII

HoBocerriirri,

CTOpiHKaX Ti€1 2K

Jl:Bi

3aMiTKII

rrpo

ITIICaJIOCJI 22 JIIOTOrO 6IIJIIIHa,

TIIH,

XO,!(IIJIII

6o

BOHII

rraH

H:oro

ra3eTII

2KaxrriiBe

H:oro

JIK

,!(epeBO

CKap6y.

fo,!(i

apelliTYIDTh,

1862

3a

6i,!(yBaHHJI

ITi,!(

1875

pOKII

6yJIII

ryrryrriB.

B

rreprniH:

a

oropHyB 6e3

CMYTOK,

KOpiHHJI ...

HOMY Map2KIIHY O,!(IIH

CTpiJIJITII i ciHO rraJIIITII.

3JiiCHIIH

rOJIO,!(HIIH, Jlicii

B3JIB

Map2KIIHY BIIKOXaTII XaTII

qyTII

rOJIIIM He

TaKa-To

6yrra

fyrryrrhmiiHII Kpame

2KaJii

3aKaprraTChKiH: rrporrec

TIIM

i3

HIIX

co6i

XIX JIKi

3a

IT03a6IIpaHO

irparnKy

3apa3

Map2KIIHY

2KIITerriB Ha

TyT,

po3rnapyBaHHJI,

rrpOTIIBary

KiHU,5l

fo,!(i HOMY JIKy-He6y,!(h Bi,!( XaTII

JIKIIM

XIX em.

IlpiiKaprraTChKOl

rroqaTKY XX

ITp02KIIBaJIII

fyrryrrhmiiHII.

corriarrhHoro

Kocie

06,!(ep-

rro6epe2KHIIKII

a6II XJii6a Ha ,!(OJiaX KYITIITII.

cTpa2K,!(aHHJI

ropJIHaM,

Ha

i

HapiKaHHJI".

rrorroBIIHi

qacTIIHi

CiJihChKIIX 6araTilB,

Micmo

Ta

KapTIIHa

B ,!\pyriH:

6yrro

BMimeHi

3icTaJIOCJI HOMY TiJihKII KYCHIIK rpyHTY KOJIO

rrpo,!(aTII,

JIIIlli

60CIIH

TOJIOKII

BIIrracaTII,

XaTII Ta II rrapiiHOqKa Ha KiJihKa KOITifqOK CiHa.

irnoB

rOJIO,!(i

3a6paB 1x rrarnrropTII,

1862 poKy: ,3 ,!(HJI Ha ,!(eHb MapHi€ BiH (ryrryrr),

JIIIrre

3CIIXa€,

HOMY ,!(0

,!(0

B

pyKy 3a MIIJIOC-

ITOBepHyTII ... ".

Ha me

JIK

Fpa 6oeeu, bKU i1

BoJtoiJuMup

y

B

cT.

Arre

He

2K

qaci

Ha

cepe,!(OBIImi

qiTKO

ITOCTaJia

l3 36ipKu

TOMY

II.

ryrryrriB,

BII,!(irrJirracJI 6i,!(HOTa.

ApceHu'ia

rpyrra

KopqMapi


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

KypKyrri

IIIJIJIXOM

CBOl OpHi BIIH

IIOJIJI,

MiHiMyM

KopqMap

IIaCOBIIIIIa,

192

KYJih

EepKerra IJpOKOII'IOKa

405

MeJihHi

paxiBChKi

po60TII

Ha

rrico3aroTiBJIJIX, ByBarrii

IIpii

3aroTiBrri

OTpiiMyBaJIII

B

1908

B

IIJiaTy

rro

TIIci

H

TJI2KKO

BOCTi Jia.[(,

CiJihChKIIX

rric,

<j:>ipMa

y

PaxoBi

CTOJIJipiB,

29

TpaHCIIOpTi.

3HOB

rOCIIO.[(apCTBOM,

BaHHJI Ha

y

Jliiiiie

po6iTHIIKiB,

Ha JIKi

TOll

IIIeBl(iB 3

qac

3eMeJihHi

JIK

Ili.IJ:IIPII€MU:i

Ha2KIIBarriicJI,

a

Ha

HoBOCTBOpeHa

re3eJibiiia<j:>T" Ha

Maca BJiaCTi

TpaHCIIOpTyBaBCJI

po6iTHIIKII.

Ha<j:>TII,

yri.[(.[(JI

OCHOBHa

ABCTpiHChKi

rrapTiJIMII

rreTporreyM

CeJIJIH

l(IIX

po6IIrra

6ypOBIIX

po6o-

po6iTHIIKII.

oci6

IIO.[(a€

rrepeiiiiC

1.664

6yrrii

i

oci6

1900

1.439

oci6

55

B

B

(9

B

rrpoMIIcrro-

poKy.

3attHJITi

peMiCHIIKaMII,

330

ryu;yrriB

BIIp06HIIl(TBi

qo6oTapiB),

3.454

rrpal(IOBaJIO

HarrpiiK-

cirrhChKOMY KOBaJiiB,

3aHMaJIOCJI

255

65

TOpriBJii,

-

6 Ha

CiJihChKIIM

po6iTHIIKaMII-

IIi.[(TpiiMyBaJIII

CBO€

icHy-

po6oTaMII. fyu;yrrhll(IIHi

IIOMill(IIl(hKitt

II(O

y

peMiCHifqoMy

5J:ciHi

po3IIIapyBaHHJI. CeJIJIH,

BIIKOpiicTo-

CTaHOBIIII(e

3aKaprraTChKIIX

crryraMII,

EyKoBIIHChKitt

aJibHOrO IlyTIIJii

219

20

150

Ce30HHIIMII

3aJIIIIIIaJIIICb

MiCl(eBi

B

y

110

He3aBII.[(HIIM.

ryu;yJihChKi

pO.[(OBIIII(a

2.854

i3

MYJIJipiB,

IIO.[(eHHIIKaMII,

KOP.IJ:OH.

rOCIIO.[(apCTBi

207

rOCIIO.[(apCTBi,

HaHMIIMaJI03e-

6y.[(h-JIKOl

IIIJIJIXiB.

cerri

BeJIIIKIIMII

3attHJITiCTh

CiJihCbKOMY

HOMY

IIi.[(IIpii€MCTBaX,

Oco6rriiBO 1x

PaxoBi

100 Ta

IIIyKaJIII

MaJI03eMeJIJIJI.

,51ceHep

MiCl(eBi

rrpo

Bi.[(

JIKIIH 3a

rrpal(IOBaJIII

yJIBY

B

6araTilB,

CTpa2K.[(aJia

TOMIIJIIICJI

BIIJIBIITII

)l,eJIKY

rrpau;IOBarro

6araTil

iHIIIIIH

IIO.[(eHHIIKII,

3aJii3HifqHifX

pouj Kyp-

xapqyBaHHJI.

rrpiiTOKax

aBcTpo-HiMel(bKa

a

6e33eMeJihHi

TIIci.

i

3aJIIIIIIIIJIOCb

B

ryu;yrriB

i

Ha

1900

rracoBIIII(,

IIpOMIICJIOBIIX

Kpiiial(TBa

po6oTaX

CIIp06II TaX

Ha

BIIpy6yBaJIII

TJI2KKIIX

crrrraBax IIIOCeHHIIX

IIp02KIITKO-

y

yKpalHChKi

IIp02KIITKY

ryu;yJihCbKOMY

3HeCeHHJI

MaCOBO

162

36irrhiiiyBarrii 3a

rorrh.IJ:II

rricy,

iHIIIi

MeTOIO

JIKIIX

PaxoBi

rryK,

3aTe

JIK

TIIIIOBOMY

30Cepe.[(2KyBaJIIICJI JICiHChKIIX

3

p.

Ha B

3eMJii

KaiiiTaJiiCTifqHifX

TapTaKax,

51ciHi

IIiCJIJI

rOJih.[(iB.

ryu;yrrii,

6y.[(iBHIIl(TBi

rricy

TaK,

rracoBIIII(

po6iTHIIKiB,

.[(pi6HIIX

IIOJIOHIIHII,

rOJih.[(iB

56

IlOIIOBifq

Ka6arrii

Ka.[(acTparrhHi

rorrh.IJ:II

36

Ce30HHIIX

i

6i.IJ:HOTa.

124

rroci.[(aB

295

3

JIIIXBapCTBa

JiiCII

HattMIITyBarra

MaHqerr

IIO.[(i6HIIH,

ToM

IIi.[(CTYIIHOrO

TIIIIY

TiB,

IlpuKapnammR.

B

1865

BOJIO.[(iJIII

rricrrJI

Ka6arri, p.,

iiiiOB B

pe<j:>opMII

rropiBHJIHHi

3eMeJibHIIMII

1848

IIOCIIJieHIIH 3

.[(iJIJIHKaMII

p.

cerrJIHII

rrpou;ec

1847 .[(0

COl(i-

poKoM,

2

HOXiE,

,y B


296

BoJtoiJuMup

Fpa6oeeU,bKUCi

TOMY qHcni i 6i):(HliX xanyrrHHKiB, 3pocno B!J:Biqi. TyT y 1870 p. cepe):( 124

rocrro):(apcTB

MeJihHHtt

ryu;yn.

Hane~ano

743

rrpHrra,[(aJio

5

3aHeiia,[(aJili, €,[(liHliH

icHyBano

i3

)]:ani, ttoxH.

ttoxiB.

22

KypKyni,

1.235

ttoxiB

29

KaiiiHYTHKiB,

Bci€1 3eMni

61

TiJihKli

6e33e-

KYPKYJIJIM

B cepe):(HhOMY Ha MaJio3eMeJibHe rocrro):(apcTBO BliXO!J:Jiqli

IIOTpaiiJIJIJili BliXi):( ,[(JIJI

3 l(horo,

He3aMo~HliX

rocrro):(apcTBa

B Ka6any ,[(0 KypKyJiiB i

IIOMill(liKiB".

3aKaprraTChK0-6yKOBliHCbKOrO

ryu;yna

6yB

HaHMaTliCJI ,[(0 CIIpliTHliX IIi):(IIpli€Ml(iB Ha JiiCOBi p03p06Kli qli

Bli-

IIOMi-

II(lil(hKi rrnaHTau;il B Mon,[(aBil a6o 3attMaTHCJI !J:OMaiiiHiMH rrpoMHCJiaMli, ane

tt u;e He

pJITyBano 1x HecTeprrHoro cTaHOBHII(a.

EMirpau,hr CrrpaB):(i ryu;yniB

TpariqHe

3-Ha):(

COl(iaJibHO- eKOHOMiqHe

IlpyTa,

qepeMoiiia

KOp):(OH y IIOIIIyKaX Kpall(Ol ,[(OJii, EMirpau;iJI ryu;yniB, KiHu;i

XIX

Ha

ryu,yJiiB

JIK i

CTaHOBliii(e

THcli

MaCOBO

IIOKli,[(a!Oqli

3MyiiiyBaJIO

eMirpyBaTli

pi):(HliH

3a

Kpatt.

Bcix ceJIJIH 3aXi):(HoyKpa1HChKliX 3eMeJih B

XX

rroqaTKY

cT.,

TpariqHa

cTopiHKa

icTopiL

IlpliqliHaMH l(horo rrpou;ecy, JIK 3'JicyBaJIH !J:OCJii):(HliKli, 6yno Ha):(MipHe arpapHe rrepeceneHHJI, rrponeTapH3al(iJI i rrayrrepH3al(iJI 6iJihiiiOCTi CeJIJIHCTBa,

3Jili,[(eHHi

KaiiiTaJiiCTliqHliX TliqHliMli CeJIJIH

ll,JI

Bi):(HOCliHaMli,

Cxi,[(HOl

KaHa):(y,

3apo6iTKli

IIi):(IIpli€MCTBaX. 6yB

faJiliqliHli,

CiliA,

rrpo6neMa

Ha

IIOMill(lil(bKliX JiaHaX Ta ):(pi6HliX

ll,ett

OCHOBHliM B

T.

q.

H

Epa3HJiiiD, ApreHTliHY, rropyiiiyBanacb

B

6Hq,

IIOpO):(~eHliH

CTliMYJIOM

fyl(yJihll(liHli, Kpai"Hli

pli!J:i

KaiiiTaJiiC-

MaCOBOl 3a

eMirpau;il

KOp):(OH:

y

3axi):(Ho1 €BporrH.

rrpau;h.

3a

rri):(paxyHKaMH

,[(OCJii):(HliKiB, ,[(0 IJepiiiOl CBiTOBOl BiHHli 3 yKpalHChKliX 3eMeJib BlilXaJIO 700-800 TliCJiq oci6.

HalBHa Bipa IIOHeBOJieHliX raJilil(bKliX CeJIJIH

3HaHTli 3eMJIIO, YMOBli ,[(JIJI Kpall(oro

~liTTJI

IIITOBXaJia lX Ha eMirpa-

l(i!O. EyB u;e JICKpaBHtt BliJIB ceJIJIHChKoro pyxy. lEaH <l>paHKO O!J:liH 3 rrepiiiliX

BliBqaB

eMirpau;iiD

raJIHl(hKliX ceJIJIH

poKax XIX

y 90-x

i rrpliCBJITliB l(hOMY IIHTaHHIO pli!J: u;iKaBHX rrpau;h.

,[(aB o6'€KTliBHY Ol(iHKY IIpliqliH ceJIJIHChKOl eMirpau;il. -

rrHcaB KaMeHJip,- ane <j:>aKT, mo !J:OXO!J:liTh

II(O faJiliqliHa rrepeJIIO,[(HeHa,

ce

IIpO!J:YKTliBHliX 3aco6iB,

~liByqli

,Ce He TattHa,

Matt~e

3HaqliTb BJiaCTliBO,

JIIO):(HiCTh, JIKa IIpli ,[(aHiM CTaHi KYJihTYPli i

cT.

CaMe BiH Brrepiiie

!J:O

6o~eBiJIJIJI,

II(O B Hill

~liBe

IIpli TerrepiiiiHiM p03):(iJii

rOJIOBHO 3 3eMJii, He

MO~e

):(06yTli 3


lfllocmpoBaHa He1

icmopiR

IIOTpi6Horo

<j:>aKTII CeJIJIH

He

IlpwwpnammR.

.IIJIJI

TallHa,

3 faJIIfqlfHII,

HaBrraKII,

ce6e

TOll

CeJIJIH

3

M02Ke

297

)J,JIJI

TaK02K

KOrO

Ti

eJieMeHTapHi

.IIIIByBaTIICJI

qacax

yBa2KaTII 11 30BciM

HeMIIHYlliiiM JIBIIllieM". rriJI

BIDKIIBaHHJI.

He

JIKa B OCTaHHiX

BiH MYCIITh

3

ToM

3pOCTa€

Till

eMirparri1

qifMpa3 lllBII.IIllle.

rrpiipO.IIHIIM, .IIOKOHeqHIIM

i

B iHlllOMY Micrri IIIICbMeHHIIK IIIICaB: ,EMirpa-

faJIIfqlfHII

-

ce

He

HOBa

piq.

BoRa

HeBi.IIJIYqHa TOBa-

piilllKa 3y6o2KiHHJI,

rrponeTapii3arri1 raJIIIrrhKoro ceJIJIHCTBa, JIKill 3He-

ceHHJI

1848 p.

IIaHlliliHII B

Ba2KKO

OCTaToqHQ

llliipOKO Bi.IIqlfHIIJIO

CTBep.II2KYBaTII,

XTO

BOpOTa".

KOJIII

i3

rrepllliill

ryrryJiiB

eMirpyBaB y CiliA qlf KaHa.IIy. BnyqHo 3 rrhoro rrpiiBO.IIY rriicaB IleTpo KpaBqyK,

lliO

rrpaBIIJihHY

,HaBpli.II

Bi.IIIIOBi.IIn".

qlf

XTO

TaK

KOJIII-He6y.IIh

qlf

iHaKllle,

p03BIITKY KarriTaJii3MY B faJIIfqiiHi, a

Hall6iJihllloro

pyxy

51Ki

IIpiiqlfHII

2K

6yJIII

Ha6pana

i

3Hall.IIe

rrJI

Ha

rre

eMirparriJI

IIIITaHHJI cyrryTHIIK

rroqaJiaCJI BORa B 70-80-X poKaX,

B KiHrri

XIX -

Ha

rroqaTKY

XX

MaCOB01 eMirparri1 IIpiiKaprraTChKIIX

Mano3eMeJIJIJI, Ha.IIMipHi IIO.IIaTKII, 6paK XY.II06II,

cT.

CeJIJIH?

Mani 3apo6iTKII.

Ba-

CIIJih CTe<j:>aHIIK HaBO.IIIITh cnoBa 6yKoBIIHChKoro ceJIJIHIIHa-eMirpaHTa EapiiJIJIKa. , K02KHe xaTII".

A

-

aJie

Hi,

OcTaHHill

xoqe

rro-.11pyre, TaKII

piiTb eMirpaHT, ciM KpaiO ... pyK

TiKa€

Hall6iJihllle

KIIlllKII

,rrpiiqiiHII

eMirparri1'".

a

IIOJIJI,

TO

CTJiraiOTh

aHi

Ha

BIICOTYIOTb!".

caM co6i ra.11ac

Ta

rri.IICYMOBY€

IIOKYTChKi Bi.II

Maca eMirpaHTiB TOrO TBep.110rO JIK

ll

qepe3 Te,

rOBOpliTb

EapiiJIJIKOBa

51KlllO

,.IIy2Ke

BIIpBaTIICJI!

,0TaK,

eMirpaHTII

nirrllloro,

ra3.IIYBaTII,

BCJIKi

,Ta He

6a,

lllO

3Ha€,

O.IIIIH

TOll

ll.IIe .110

Ilo.IIiJIJIJI

He

ra3.IIa,

aHi

TJirHyTh -

rOBO-

llie

lllO HixTo He €

3

qifM,

ro.11eH

TiKa€

reT.

HeM a .11e B.

MYCIITb

KiHrrJI

lliO

CTe<j:>aHIIK,

rrpiiqiiHY IIpii3HaTII,

rrpaB.IIIIBa

KaHa.IIII

rr'JIThKparrapJIBoro

ceJIJIHII

IIOKII

IIO.IIaiOTh

rrepeKOHaHHJI,

Ilo-rrepllle, rop0.11a,

qoro JI .IIOqeKaBcJI 3 .IIiThMII y

IIIIChMeHHIIK TaKy

rroqaTK'Y .110 He

HapO.II,

aHi

orrnaTII.

HMIIJIII Hac B pyKII, ane TaK iMIIJIII,

3 TIIX

CTOpOHII

rroJICHIOBaB

2KIITII

B2Ke

3

Ha CB01ll

lllO

.110

-

lliO .110

KpallHho1

Mall2Ke

eMirparril. rriJia

CJI

6i.11a

A

rrina

cnoBa. HY2K.IIII,

3eMJii He .IIi2K.IIeCJI

Bci XTo

ane

3

Hiqoro

HallMIITCTBa".

eMirpyBaJIII

BHacni.IIOK

6e33eMeJIJIJI

rrepii3arri1, TO Ha IlpiiKaprraTTi, OC06JIIIBO Ha fyrryJihllliiHi,

rray-

BOHII 6yK-

BaJibHO He MOrJIII BII2KIITII i3 CB01X KJiaiiTIIKiB 3eMJii i He MaJIII 3MOrii 3apo6IITII Ha xni6 Ha rrpo2KIITTJI. IIOKa3y€

BeJIIIKY

eMirparriiO

3

Ocn qoMy B 90-x poKax cTaTIICTIIKa

IIliX

3eMeJib.

3a

1890-1910

pOKII

i3


298

BoJZoiiuMup

Fpa6oeeu,bKUU

IlpiiKaprraTTJI BII1xarro 3a Kop.IJ:OH

68,5

IIOHa.IJ:

TIIC.

oci6.

ToqHiiiie, 3 farriiU:hKOl fyu;yrrhIIIIIHII

XIX

rrpoTJiroM

XX

rroqaTKY

cT.

eMirpyBarro

ryu;yrriB 3 KorroMIIHChKoro rro-

3

BiTy

TIICJiqi,

4.500,

HJIHChKOrO

u;e3.IJ:aTHoro

EMirpyBarrii

cerrJIHII

BIIlXaJIO

28

IIOKIIHYJIO HY

Imocmpau,ifl

B.

CmerjJaHuKa /.

Xyii.

iJo

,KaMiHHUU

xpecm ".

)l,IIX-

Bcnoro

fyu;yJihiiiii-

XIX

TIIcJiqa

:IKax

ra.IJ:iB

po-

6yKO-

ryu;yrriB. rrpo6IIpa€,

rrepeqiiTY€MO

OcmarjJiulfyK

Ily-

3

KiHU:JI cT.

3

3aKaprraTChKIIX

BIIH ChKIIX

llOBe!lU

57,

pi.IJ:HY

rroqaTKY XX .IJ:IIH

piK

po.IJ:IIH.

rrpoTJiroM

3

fyu;yJihiiiiiHII.

1913

Ha

-

TIIHI(JI

Ko-

HacerreHHJI.

EyKOBIIHChKOl

TIIJIOBa

a

7.346 oci6 rrpa-

ciBChKoro -

CTaHoM

Ha.IJ:Bip-

KOJIII

CTOpiHKII

BIIl3.IJ:y

CIIO-

i3

ryu;yrriB

pi.IJ:-

BIIl3.IJ: i3 Cerra CeJIJIHIIHa, JIKIIH IIOKII.IJ:aB CBOl pi.IJ:Hi

HIIX ripCbKIIX OCeJib.

ropii, pi.IJ:HY ocerriO, Hara.IJ:yBaB rroxopoHII.

BaciiJih CTe<j:>aHIIK u:e

qy.IJ:o-

BO OIIIICaB y TaJiaHOBIITIIX HOBeJiaX ,KaM'JIHIIH xpecT", ,lEaH 6pa3IIJii€l(b".

lEaH

)l,i.IJ:YX

Ha

IIPOIIIaJibHOMY

o6i.IJ:i

,CTOJIB

rrepe.IJ:

roCTJIMII,

TpiiMaB IIOpl(iiO ropiJIKII y rrpaBitt pyu;i i BII.IJ:HO KaMeHiB, 60 CJIOBa He ro.IJ:eH

6yB

3aroBopiiTII".

.IJ:OIO ,crri3HO roBopiiB: 3.IJ:a€TbCJI,

He

A

lEaH

3aryMeHHIItt

Ha rrpoiiiaHHi

3 rpoMa-

,12KTe, rriittTe, rocTeHhKII rri06i, 6o B2Ke 6irrhiiie,

rro6aqiiMOCb

Ha l(iM

CBiTi".

CbKOrO cTapo2KIIJia IOpKa Ko3MeHKa,

3a

CIIOra.IJ:aMII

IJeqeHi2KIIH-

,BIIl3.IJ: cerrJIH 6yB TaKIIM TJI2KKIIM

i cTpaiiiHIIM, IIIO 3.IJ:aBarrocJI, MOB rrpoiiia€ThCJI qorroBiK rrepe.IJ: cMepTIO".

,,51 rraM'JITaiO, 3

IJeqeHi2KIIHa

Hatt6iJihiiie KpiiKII,

3ra.IJ:yBaB u:ett eMirpyBaJIII

eMirpaHT

peBiHHJI xy.IJ:o6II

BCJI i

cTapo2KIIJI, -

JIK y

B AMepiiKY Tpii ttoro

pO.IJ:IIHa.

u;irryBaHHJI

1902 pou;i Bi.IJ: Hac

pO.IJ:IIHII, qyTII

pi.IJ:Horo

IIJiaKaJIII

6yrro

rropory".

JIIIIIIe

BCi,

a

CTOriH,


ImocmpoeaHa Arre

icmopi5l

n:e

CIIpiiTHi

6yB

IlpuKapnammR.

JIIIIIIe

eMirpan;ittHi

BaJIIICJI

Ha

l(IIX

BIIl3):(aX,

6yBIIIIICJI

pi):(HOl

rrepel3!J:Y

rrepeHOCIIJIII

farriiU:hKi

i

Epa3IIJiiiO KTOM, TIICJiqi

qepe3

JIII

JIK

3

KpaKoBa

OIIIICaB

B

,qepe3

JIIICTi

eMirpaHTII.

1x

a6II 3a

i

pe):( TOrO Hi

H):(y

Ha

BCIO

HeMIIrrocep):(Ha

mo

rrycTIIrra

Bi):(att

1x

1x

oqi II(O

:IKiHKII

He

ro):(Hi",

):(iTII

Ha BCe, TJirHyTh

CTpaXOM i

):(iTII.

XTOCh

CTpaiiiHi

KpaKoBi, qifcJii

TpariqHy

BaBIITbCJI.

6aqiiB tt

13

Bi):(

BiH

BII6yBao6pa3HO

1899

poKy.

3a€):(HO

Haiiii

KBiTHJI

rrepel2K):(2KaiOTh

Ba-

BrracHIIMII

ryn;yrrii,

KapTIIHY

3aB-

He

orJIJI):(a-

Ha

1x

HaBrrepe):(

tt):(e

a6o

3i

2KiHKII Bee

ce6e, 2KaH-

TaKa 6e3-

Imocmpau,iR MO€

Cl(eHII.

MY2KIIU:hKe H !1: y n

n:irri

Keprpo-

B.

CmerjJaHuKa

xya.

1.

dO

i

H a

3eMJii.

CIIJibHa cepn:e

ryn;yrrii.

ce6e.

JIKOCb

rrorrin:att

rpoMa):(a

BiH,

q.

ce-

,B2Ke

rpoMa):(y

roHIITh

T.

rryH-

COTHi

XJIOIIII Jie):(Be

rJIJI):(JITb llirry

JIKIIHCh ):(apM,

a

B

TOMY

TIIM

rrepel3):(IIJIII

CB~

TaK

n;iKaBo

HOrii

B

6yB

KaHa):(y

3eMJIJI,

BII):(HO

IIJiaqyTh,

IOTbCJI

IIIO

B

CIliA,

JIIO):(-

Bill:

TOMY

He

qac

3):(aT-

HOBOrO

Ta.

Meprrii,

II03B

CTpaiiiHO

IIi):(JiiCTb i

TO!J:i

3eMJIJIKII,

B

KpaKiB

II(O):(HJI

Bi):(6yBaJIIICJI

Ko6IIJIJIHCbKOl

HIIMII,

IIpii6IITi,

CTaporo

MattHa,

II(OBeqopa,

rrepe):(

BOHII

rropTII.

EyKOBIIHII,

):(Bipn;i

IIIIIIIe

3):(II6aTII.

HIIMII

ChKY

0.

):(0

i

Ha2KII-

eMirpyBaJIII,

OCTaHHhOrO

BIIl2K):(2KaJIII

Matt2Ke

rrepe6yBaiOqii

KpaKiB,

JIKi

KOMIIaHil

<l>paHKO,

MYKII.

qaci

eMirpan;iiO.

lEaH

CeJIJIHII,

eMirpaHTII

rarriiqlfHII,

B

Kopa6errhHi

OIIIICaB

3JIII):(eHHOrO

€BporrettchKi

TOMY

Hell(aCHi

Korrii

3He):(OJieHi

CBOrO

3aJii3HifqHoMy

ttoro

MyK.

JIK JICKpaBO

HeCTeprrHi

y

3

CTe<j:>aHIIK,

oqiiMa,

TO

i

pi3Hi

JIKIIH

BIIXi):(l(iB

MiCI(eBOMY CIIJib

XaTII

6yKoBIIHChKi

qepe3

1x

rroqaToK areHTII,

299

3

ToM

HOBeJlU

,Bueodu!lu

i3

OcmarjJiCilfyK

cella".


BoJtoiJuMup

300 Ma,I(II, TIIX

roHJITh

i:x ,I(ech,

M Y2KIIKiB,

XIITa!OTbCJI, ,I(epeBO

B

JIK

Ha

cepu;eM

II( 0

qyJO

ceJIOM,

iHIIIOMY

TBopi

Ti

qeKaJIII

a6II lM

IIpiiH,I\YTh

Ha

KJia,I(yTh

)l:ecb

A

,I(iTett.

rrepeMep3Jii

,1\0

JIK

TO

6II

rrapKaH

TJirHyThCJI

rroi:3,I(y,

TaKi

Ha

JIK

II(O

MiChKIIH ,1\Bipu;i

Myp,

ce6e

i:x

TaTapii

Ha

He

K06II

Bi,I(

3araTII,

HeBMIIBaHi,

ca2KaJOTh

CTpaiiiHa,

TOBIIII,

lX

a6o 3

lX

XBIIJIIIHII

TaKa

0,I(ep6epra.

po6JIJITh

Mi2K

MY2KIIKaMII

BIIraHJIIOTb

JIKIIHCb

JIK

2KaXJIIIBi TO

3a

JIK

Be3yTh

MyKy".

yTeqKa

,1\0

JIK ,I\y6iB, BII2KY,

pByTh

i

KpaKiBChKIIH

cTapiiii paHo

II(O

3MaJiboBye

rroi:3,I(a

3a

3aJii3HIIIJj

2KaJib

,ToTa

BeqopOM,

KaMiHe,

lX

BII2KY i:x,

IIi,I(MYJIIO €,

HIITKII,

CTe<j:>aHIIK

paHiiiiHhoro

HoqyBaTII.

JIJiraJOTh

ry6aMII,

Ha

Ha

qyJO

BII,I(IITbCJI

6pyK,

MII

BCi

,1\BOpel(b

J!K

cepe,I(IIHY

6iJih,

Crra,I(a!OTb

lX

3HaJOTh.

KO piHh

IIXa!OTb

CeJIJIH-eMirpaHTiB.

,1\yiiiaTbCJI.

BiTpy,

lX

pByThCJI,

BaciiJih

He

IIIICbMeHHIIK,-II(O

rHaJIIICJI.

BiJihHO

lX

caMi

IIi,I(MIIBa€,

JIK

MeHi

TpaHCIIOpTyBaHHJI IIIIIIIe

BOHII

BO,I(a

IIa,I(a!OTh,

OIIaJI,

i

mo

lX

Fpa6oeeU,bJWi1

3i

a

B

crreqeHII-

xy,I(o6y".

,II;OMamui npOMHCJIH ryn,yJiiB BHacni,I(oK

Biil:CYTHOCTi

nepo6cTBOM, HaceneHHJI Hhoro BIIMII B

qacy

p03BIIBaJIO

3aco6aMII

XIX

cT.

i

Matt2Ke

IIi,!(

qac

y

Bcix

HiX

rrpoMIICJiiB

CBOlX

p03BIIHYJIII

iHIIIIIX

HIIMII

Ha

cenax

BCIO

MiCTaX.

,1\pyri

BOHII

MaHCTpii.

TOIIipu;i,

BOBHY i

i

36po!O,

K03Jiqy IIIepCTb

lX

ITO

JIKi

51.

XIX

Me2KII JIKi

,1(0

rriicaB,

HIIMII

6e3JiiCHi y

xpeCTIIKII,

KiHChKY

36py!O

3HOB-TaKII

Ha pi3Hi

JICKpaBi

i

BOHII iHIIIi

II(e

rrpoMIICJIKIItt

,1\0Maiii-

mo

,BOHII

3HaXO,I(JITbCJI

Matt-

l(iJii

6y,I(IIHKII,

KpalHII

Ha,I(rrpy-

3a60JIOTOBi,

IIJiaBIITII

IIOpOXiBHIIl(i,

,I(aB-

Ba2KJIII-

p03BIITKY

cT.

lipMapKaX

BMiJOTb

2KOBTOMi,I(Hi

CTaJIII

fonoBal(hKIItt,

36y,I(OByBaJIII y

3eM-

3

yBary ,1\0CJii,I(HIIKII

po6JIJITb ,I(06py ,I(epeB'JIHY fyu;yJIII

IIOJICII,

:IKiHKII-ryu;yJIKII

XaT,

KaprraT

po3BIITOK ,1\0MaiiiHix Kpa!O.

CIIJiaBJIJIIOTb

IIpO,I(a!OTb

BIIp06JIJIIOTb

BIIrOTOBIITII

3BepHyJIII

poKax

IIpOMIICJIII,

3aHMaTIICJI

6oKax

IIpiirJIJI,I(aBCJI

60-x

6y,I(iBHIIl(TBa

MaHCTepHO

a6o

l(e

o6ox

IIpOMIICJIII,

iHTeHCIIBHIItt

B

JI aHl(IO 2KKII,

B2KIITKY.

Ha

yBa2KHO

6y,I(OBY ,I(e

rro

ryu;ynhChKoro

,1\0MaiiiHi ,1\JIJI

M02KJIIIBOCTi

3eMJii

,1\0MaiiiHi

icHyBaHHJI.

ryu;yniB,

CBOl,

TeCJIJipi

po36IIpa!OTb

ce6e

MaH,I(piBOK

TJIHCbKOl ,1\0JIIIHII, TIIHi,

y

BKa3yBaJIII

niB

CTepHi

lX

opHoi:

fyu;ynhll(IIHII

IIOCy,I\y.

MeTaJI

BIIp06II

Me2KII ,1\0CIITb

ry,I\3IIKII, BMiJO Tb

CHJI-

3aiiOHKII, HarrpaBIITII

,1\JIJI

BJiaCHOrO

MaHCTpii

<j:>ap6yBaTII

KOJibOpii:

aJIIIH,

OBeqy

MaJIIIHOBIIH,


ImocmpoeaHa

icmopi5l

rony6HH,

2K OBTliH,

JIJI€ThCJI

He

(J!BopiB,

COKOJiiBKa

Jii2KHliKli,

I

3eJieHliH

TiJihKli

ITepepo6JIJIJOTh

1x

i

3aKyiTOBYIOTb .l(eKiJihKa

.l(p.)

HiM~iB,

Bi.l(

Hi

ITepeKa3aX 36epira€TbCJI M02Ke

rop~iB,

oco6JIHBO

ITpli6opax

6yTH,

BCe

y

HliX

p03BliTKY

MaTepiaJI. -

Bi.IJ:3Haqae, Bi.l(

i

ry~yniB, He

ITO

HiCTh i.l(yqli

JIK

TaKOl

IlnOMY

~hOrO

3a</