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June 2011


The Down and Dirty In the water well industry, understanding OSHA’s Focus Four hazards is a must, page 19 Also inside: Naturally occurring asbestos, page 30




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Vol. 65, No. 6 June 2011


FEATURED ARTICLES 19 The Down and Dirty By Mike Price

When it comes to the water well industry, understanding OSHA’s Focus Four hazards is a must. 23 Avoiding Slips, Trips, and Falls By Thomas G. Dolan

It’s not as simple as it sounds. 27 Common Pump Problems By Jennifer Strawn

Industry pump installers and suppliers weigh in on what they see at job sites.

DEPARTMENTS Your Feedback In This Issue Industry Newsline The Log Web Notes Coming Events Newsmakers Featured Products Classified Marketplace Index of Advertisers Closing Time

IN EVERY ISSUE 6 Editor’s Note Keeping Up in a World Zipping By 52 Water Well Personalities Living His Dream June



7 8 10 15 16 54 56 58 60 71 72

Page 19





About the cover John Buehler of F.E. Buehler & Son Inc. in Warrington, Pennsylvania, operates the drill of a Schramm T455i with i-CONTROL for a geothermal installation near their office. Photo by Ryan Bennett of Schramm. ®

Member of BPA Worldwide. The Water Well Journal (ISSN #0043-1443) is published monthly by the National Ground Water Association, 601 Dempsey Rd., Westerville, OH 43081. Printed and mailed at Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, and additional mailing offices. Postal acceptance: Periodical (requester subscription circulation) postage paid at Westerville, Ohio, and at additional mailing offices. Postmaster: Send address changes to Water Well Journal, 601 Dempsey Rd., Westerville, OH 43081. Canada Post/ Publications Mail Agreement #40739533. Return address: 4960-2 Walker Rd., Windsor, ON N9A 6J3.

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

Water Well Journal June 2011 3/


Advancing the expertise of groundwater professionals and furthering groundwater awareness. Executive Director Kevin McCray, CAE NGWA President Art Becker, MGWC

Director of Publications/Editor Thad Plumley Associate Editor Mike Price

Copyeditor Wayne Beatty

Production and Design Janelle McClary Advertising Shelby Fleck Vickie Wiles

Page 40

Contributing Writers Ed Butts, PE, CPI; Donald W. Gregory; David T. Hanson; William J. Lynott; Michelle Nichols; Christine Reimer; Al Rickard, CAE; Jill Ross; Ron Slee; Stuart A. Smith, CGWP; Lana Straub; and Jennifer Strawn Publishing Oversight Committee Chairman Theodorosi Toskos Patricia Bobeck Richard Clarke Paul C. Johnson, Ph.D. David Larson Karen Madsen Brent Murray Deborah Post Michael Salvadore Frank Schwartz, Ph.D. Editorial, Advertising, & Publishing Offices 601 Dempsey Rd., Westerville, OH 43081 (800) 551-7379 Fax: (614) 898-7786 Selected content from Water Well Journal is indexed on Ground Water On-Line™ at ©Copyright 2011 by the National Ground Water Association. All rights reserved.

FEATURED COLUMNISTS 30 Safety Matters by Victor J. D’Amato, CIH, CSP Naturally Occurring Asbestos U.S. EPA’s first public health emergency can put drillers at risk.

34 Engineering Your Business by Ed Butts, PE, CPI Pump Impellers: Part 3 Detailing the most fundamental—and important— element of centrifugal pumps.

40 Transfer of Technology — Expanded Series by John L’Espoir Writing Specs for a New Rig This is no time to pretend or lie to yourself. Know your full drilling and casing program before you start to write.

46 The After Market by Ron Slee Don’t Look Now, But It’s Coming Back Inflation is raising its ugly head.

48 Savvy Selling by Michelle Nichols Classic Selling Mistakes Our circulation is audited, ask for a statement today.

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50 Your Money by William J. Lynott Tax-Sensitive Investing Investors need to know strategies to minimize the taxes on their portfolio. The views expressed in the columns are the authors’ opinions based on their professional experience.

4/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

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Keeping Up in a World Zipping By erris Bueller famously said “Life moves pretty fast. If you don’t stop and take a look around once in a while, you might miss it.” It’s a great quote from a great comedy—criminally underrated in this movie watcher’s opinion. However, the line also shows the film was made in 1985. It’s hard to find time to stop right now. After all, this is the era of “Life comes at you fast.” And if you stop, what will you see when you’re looking around? Technology, news, competitors, and innovations—all zipping right on by. Water Well Journal is doing its part to help you keep up in the fast-moving world. It is debuting this month its own Web site that is filled with content ideal for groundwater industry professionals. Please head to www.waterwelljournal .com. There, you will not only find articles from the current issue, but a newsline updated daily so you can be aware of the latest happenings in your profession. There will also be classified advertising that enables you to link directly to the manufacturer, searchable buyers guides, blogs by myself and Associate Editor Mike Price, and much more. And what you see—and I hope bookmark so it’s convenient for you to be a regular visitor—will be far from the finished product. In the coming months there will be Web-only content that will complement what is in the printed publication. And if a Web site updated daily is not fast enough for you, Water Well Journal


has joined the world of Twitter. If you are among the millions of people Tweeting, please begin following the publication @WaterWellJournl. NGWA Director of Advertising and Exhibit Sales Vickie Wiles, Price, and myself Tweet multiple times a day with the latest industry news, details about the publication, sales opportunities, and other interesting notes. It’s an incredible time in our world. A recent study from the University of Southern California estimates the average person is exposed to the data equivalent of 174 newspapers—every day! And that number is climbing. The total is five times more than it was in 1986. That is why we want to provide you news and information as easily as possible so you can service your customers. Whether it is via a print publication that has been the industry standard for 65 years, online on an interactive Web site, or through a Tweet you read on your smart phone, Water Well Journal will provide you the news you need. The different methods are not a case of providing more news to you; it’s simply providing it in the easiest way possible for you to access. And when we do that, who knows? You might just end up with a little time to stop and look around.

Thad Plumley is the editor of WWJ and director of publications at the National Ground Water Association. He can be reached at and on Twitter @WaterWellJournl.

Advertise your products and services to the groundwater industry’s most influential readership. Call Shelby Fleck and Vickie Wiles in the NGWA sales department at (800) 551-7379. ● ● ● ●

Approximately 25,000 readers every month. More than 19,000 are groundwater contractors. Approximately 4000 reside in professions also allied to the field. Readers reside in every state, Canada, and other international locations. Circulation is audited by BPA Worldwide. Ask for a statement.

6/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

Shelby Fleck

Disclaimer Water Well Journal and the National Ground Water Association provide information for guidance and information purposes only. This publication is not intended to provide investment, tax, or legal advice. The information contained herein has been compiled from sources deemed reliable and it is accurate to the best of our knowledge and belief; however, Water Well Journal and the National Ground Water Association cannot guarantee as to its accuracy, completeness, and validity and cannot be held liable for any errors or omissions. All information contained herein should be independently verified and confirmed. Water Well Journal and the National Ground Water Association do not accept any liability for any loss or damage howsoever caused in reliance upon such information. Reader agrees to assume all risk resulting from the application of any of the information provided by Water Well Journal and the National Ground Water Association. Trademarks and copyrights mentioned within Water Well Journal are the ownership of their respective companies. The names of products and services presented are used only in an educational fashion and to the benefit of the trademark and copyright owner, with no intention of infringing on trademarks or copyrights. No endorsement of any third-party products or services is expressed or implied by any information, material, or content referred to in the Water Well Journal. Subscriptions/Back Issues For questions, changes or problems with your subscription call Sharren Diller. Subscriptions: Water well contractors and other qualified groundwater industry personnel in U.S. and Canada — free; others in U.S. — $105 per year; $15 per copy. Canada – $120 per year; $24 per copy. International: $140 per year; $35 per copy. Subscriptions available through NGWA offices only. We reserve the right to refuse subscriptions to anyone not directly engaged in the groundwater industry. Claims for missing issues must be made in writing within three months of publication and will be subject to the availability of back issues. Advertising Disclaimer Advertisers and advertising agencies assume liability for all content (including text, representation, and illustrations) of advertisements printed and also assume responsibility for any claims arising therefrom made against the publisher. The publisher reserves the right to reject any advertising that it believes is not in keeping with the publication's standards or is deemed unsuitable or misleading.

Vickie Wiles

Twitter @WaterWellJournl




Ball Sta te Unive rsity is by having undergoin the nat g a monum ion’s lar heating ental tra gest gro and coo nsformati und sou ling sys on rce geo tem ins thermal talled on UNCIE, India na—Unde its cam gun metal r a pus. sky widesprea d adoption ber, rain begin in late SeptemBy Mike of geothermal techn up on the s to slowly Price ology south drill pick withi




n the U.S. site at Ball could trans University State , making late into a alrea savings of $38 billio conditions n by 2030 even wors dy messy work e. Ground broke . It doesn’t on May when U.S. three drilli seem to matter thoug ng Senator Rich 9 h Lugar from continue workcompanies from India as ard Indiana cerem na ing on phase ally drille university’ onione of the d the first s ambitious borehole. The plan carbon emis plans to slash calls for nearl sions and its boreholes overa energy cost. y 4000 distributed To be comp ll long-term throughou two separ four years ate t , Ball State leted in the next closed-loo fields as part of a is boast the nation’s large expected to p system that will circu water throu geotherma st ways to susta l heating and ground source gh heat pump late in then route cooling syste chille Ball State No coincidencitself. rs and it into two ’s conversio m. district loops hot water mal-based e then fore I was loop heating and n to a geother—a taken on a that minutes berunning throu and a cold water supported cooling syste tour of the drill site, loop— by ghout the the south ment of Ener a United States Depa m is 660-acre camp The geoth was raised, subject of sustainabi erma rtgy study that us. lity albeit in a l project is to cost abou suggests roundabou expected t $70 milli t way. ability to on and have effici Inside a confe 䡲 䡲 䡲 Mike Price than 45 build ently heat and cool the rence room is Lowe, PE, more ings. , James W. editor of Waterthe associate It will State’s four director of replace Ball Well Journ operations engineerin coalHe can be al. g and installed close fired boilers that at reached at the campus Ball State who overs were mprice@ng to 70 years maintenan ees This “gree ago. constructio ce, engineerin has boldly n” initiative that Ball n, and heat g, undertake water plant plant State n comes at when this staff, is discu /chilled a time country is thermal proje ssing the searching geoct, pointing for new at diagrams BALL STATE/contin ues on page

Water Well


Journal Novem ber 2009


On Schedule Associate Editor Mike Price followed up on the feature he wrote in the November 2009 WWJ issue, “Serious About Change,” which focused on Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana, converting its campus to what is expected to be the nation’s largest ground source geothermal heating and cooling system. Ground broke on the multi-year project on May 9, 2009 and calls for nearly 3600 boreholes distributed throughout two separate fields as part of a closedloop system that will circulate water through heat pump chillers and then route it into two district loops—a hot water loop and a cold water loop—running throughout the 660-acre campus. Price caught up with James W. Lowe, PE, director of engineering and opera-

Correction In the article “Well Cleaning and Rehab: The Greener, More Environmentally Friendly Way” in the April 2011 issue of Water Well Journal the contact information for Aquifer Maintenance and Performance Systems Inc. was incorrectly provided. More information about this company and its wellfield maintenance and management program can be found at Have Something to Say? Do you want to comment on an article that you read in WWJ or something happening in the groundwater industry? You can do so by sending your feedback to WWJ Editor Thad Plumley at Twitter @WaterWellJournl

tions at Ball State. Lowe oversees the campus maintenance, engineering, construction, and heat plant/chilled water plant staff, and provided an update on the project. James W. Lowe, PE The university remains on schedule for the start-up of phase one by the fall of 2011. As of September 2010, the 1800 boreholes required for phase one had been drilled. Phase one includes several construction projects running concurrently: ●

The construction of District Energy Station North will be complete by June 2011. This project includes the construction of the building that will house the heat pump chillers and the system pumps. All of the piping connecting the 1800 boreholes to the heat pump chillers will enter this building. The hot water and chilled


water distribution piping for the campus will originate from this building. Two 2500-ton York heat pump chillers arrived in November of 2010 and installation is nearly complete. Building HVAC modification/interfaces needed to connect to the new distribution system is under way. Construction will be completed by mid-summer 2011. Installation of the new hot water distribution system for phase one is ongoing. Construction will be completed by mid-summer 2011.

Ball State will begin work on phase two of the project later this year. The drilling of 600 of the boreholes required for phase two will begin on the south side of campus in late fall 2011. To view the feature article on Ball State, search “Serious About Change” on You will be directed to the article in NGWA’s database, Ground Water On-Line.

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une marks National Safety Month and this issue of Water Well Journal contains multiple articles dedicated to helping you be safe at your job site, office, or anywhere your profession takes you. Associate Editor Mike Price writes about the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s Focus Four hazards in the cover story titled “The Down and Dirty” on page 19. OSHA’s inspectors work off these hazards— slips, trips, falls, electrocutions, struck-by, and caught-in-between—so understanding them is key to prevent injuries, fatalities, and citations. These hazards have been identified as the leading causes of fatalities in the construction industry. Price speaks with water well Mike Price contractors and a safety consultant about these hazards, considered the greatest risk to the water well industry, as well as covering the shift in how OSHA is enforcing its standards. In an accompanying sidebar article Price highlights Schneider Electric North America, which received the 2011 Green Cross for Safety Medal for its outstanding achievement in workplace and off-the-job safety from the National Safety Council. Columnist Victor J. D’Amato, CIH, CSP, covers an emerging concern in the latest installment of Safety Matters on page 30. In “Naturally Occurring Asbestos,” he points out the

8/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

minerals that comprise asbestos are harmless when locked up in the earth’s crust, but when asbestos dust is released into the atmosphere by mining, excavation, or construction, they become dangerous and even deadly. He adds that it has been reported in at least 35 states and is particularly prevalent along the East Coast, the range of the Appalachian Mountains, and in northern California. He then provides tips on controlling exposures to naturally occurring asbestos and having a management plan for work sites. Freelance writer Thomas G. Dolan also highlights the importance of being safe on the job in “Avoiding Slips, Trips, and Falls” on page 23. He points out it is not as easy as it seems. Among the tips he passes on from industry professionals are accounting for the weather at job sites, taking extra precautions when setting up rigs and blocking in the work area, ensuring you always have safe and easy access to your equipment, and making sure you have a neat and orderly work site. Making sure a water system will run smoothly for years for homeowners is addressed in an article by freelance writer Jennifer Strawn. In “Common Pump Problems” on page 27, she talks with industry installers and suppliers about what they see when they encounter calls of “I’m out of water.” Among the categories Strawn covers

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Jennifer Strawn

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is improper system design or sizing, electrical problems, check valve failure, and water quality issues. She also discusses the importance of continuing education for pump installers. Columnist Ed Butts, CPI, PE, provides the third installment of a series on pump impellers in his latest Engineering Your Business column. Starting on page 34, “Pump Impellers: Part 3” covers the various forces imposed on impellers during operation. The primary forces are axial forces, or the forces normal or parallel to the impeller eye, and radial forces, or those forces that are exerted perpendicular to the impeller eye and discharge. Butts states that it is important for system designers to have a basic understanding of these and provides details on how both function within pumping systems. Price also profiles Tommy Gainey, the PGA Tour golf professional who is sponsored by A. O. Smith Corp., a global manufacturer of residential and commercial water heating equipment, in this month’s Water Well Personalities article titled “Living His Dream” on page 52. Before making golf his career, Gainey wrapped insulation around hot water heaters for A. O. Smith at its Tommy Gainey plant in McBee, South Carolina. Circle card no. 12

2011 NGWA Ground Water Expo and Annual Meeting November 29–December 2 Las Vegas, Nevada

“Step Ahead” “Step Ahead””

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Water Well Journal June 2011 9/



Construction Employment Grows in Some Metro Areas; Gains May Not Last Construction employment increased in 138 out of 337 metropolitan areas between March 2010 and March 2011, decreased in 153, and stayed level in 46, according to a new analysis of federal employment data released on April 26 by the Associated General Contractors of America. But association officials said the industry’s five-year employment slump is far from over and could worsen as public construction winds down. “Even with more metro areas adding jobs than in any 12-month period since November 2007, the fact is most areas are far below previous construction employment peaks,” says Ken Simonson, the association’s chief economist. “With federal stimulus, base realignment, and Gulf Coast hurricane-protection projects slated to end soon, many areas are at serious risk of another downturn in construction employment.”

Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas, again added more construction jobs (9800 jobs, 10%) than any other metro area during the past year while Bay City, Michigan, added the highest percentage (25%, 200 jobs). Other areas adding a large number of jobs included ChicagoJoliet-Naperville, Illinois (3900 jobs, 4%); Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Michigan (2800 jobs, 10%); and northern Virginia (2600 jobs, 4%). Large percentage gains also occurred in Flagstaff, Arizona (24%, 400 jobs); ElkhartGoshen, Indiana (20%, 500 jobs); and Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, Louisiana (18%, 900 jobs). The largest job losses were in Atlanta-Sandy Spring-Marietta, Georgia (–6800 jobs, –7%) and New York City (–6800 jobs, –6%), closely followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, California (–6600 jobs, –6%). Lewiston, Idaho (–38%, –500 jobs) lost the highest percentage. Other areas experiencing large percentage declines in construction employment included Steubenville,

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Ohio–Weirton, West Virginia (–26%, –500 jobs); Bend, Oregon (–16%, –500 jobs); and Lafayette, Louisiana (–15%, –1000 jobs). To view construction employment figures by rank, visit galleries/news/Metro-Empl-201103 -Rank.pdf.

NGWA Member Gets Recognized on NPR for Geothermal Drilling Success Michael Barlow, CWD/PI, president of Michael Barlow Well Drilling Services Inc. in Bel Air, Maryland, was featured by National Public Radio on March 30 for his company’s geothermal drilling success. Barlow has been installing geothermal systems for 20 years, but he says a 30% federal tax credit is increasing the popularity of the systems for families with modest houses. “It used to be primarily the bigger

NEWS/continues on page 12

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homes. Now, it’s gotten down to where it’s townhomes, small homes,” he says in the NPR report. “We’ve done 1000square-foot homes to 40,000- to 50,000square-foot homes. Anybody can really afford it.” To read or listen to the full story, visit NPR’s Web site at 03/30/134602533/tapping-the-earth-forenergy-savings-year-round.

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EPA Awards Over $2.8 Million to Oklahoma for Water Improvement Projects

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has awarded the Oklahoma Office of the Secretary of Environment more than $2.8 million to support three projects in the state’s Clean Water Action Plan. The first project will implement best management practices (BMPs) in three priority watersheds in Oklahoma. The second project will reduce the impact of nonpoint source pollution in Eucha Lake through the

establishment of floating wetlands. The third project will create a vegetated wetland in the area where aquatic plants grow throughout the lake. These BMPs are land treatments that prevent or mitigate runoff of nonpoint source pollutants from land into waterways. The EPA works with states and other partners to protect water from excessive pollution and identify pollution sources. For more information, visit the EPA’s Web site at index.htm.

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In 2010, hydraulic rotary drill manufacturer Mid-Western Machinery Co. Inc. experienced financial difficulties stemming from the economic recession plaguing the manufacturing industry. Earlier this year, Mid-Western Machinery was acquired by Bramko Specialty Products LLC. The company is now operating under the name MidWestern LLC. All manufacturing functions are now being performed in Bramko’s manufacturing and fabrication facility located in O’Fallon, Missouri, just outside of St. Louis. The former owner of Mid-Western Machinery, Gregg Beechwood, said the acquisition would strengthen the company and position them to see production levels experienced throughout the past 20 years. Beechwood also felt Bramko was a great fit for the fabrication of Mid-Western’s hydraulic rotary drill line. The now Mid-Western LLC has been manufacturing drilling equipment for more than 65 years. Mid-Western offers a line of hydraulic rotary drills that can be converted to fit just about any piece of equipment. They offer rigs capable of drilling up to 300 feet, but leave a small footprint. They offer models that can fit through the standard 36-inch door frame all the way to trailer-mounted units. Mid-Western’s drills can be used for many different types of drilling, including geothermal and environmental drilling. 12/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

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CertainTeed Contributes to Energy Star Award for Sustained Excellence

CertainTeed Corp., through its parent company Saint-Gobain, shares top honors for its contributions to protecting the environment through energy efficiency. Following a two-year run as an Energy Star Partner of the Year, the company received the 2011 Energy Star Sustained Excellence Award, the highest level of recognition from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. CertainTeed is the first and only fiberglass insulation manufacturer whose contributions have been recognized through the program. â&#x20AC;&#x153;At CertainTeed, we foster a holistic culture of environmental responsibility in every aspect of our operations,â&#x20AC;? says Peter Dachowski, president and CEO. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Maximizing energy efficiency at our facilities is a top priority and we commend our employeesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; collective effort to help protect and preserve the environment.â&#x20AC;?

Obama Administration Affirms Comprehensive Commitment to Clean Water

Recognizing the importance of clean water and healthy watersheds to the countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s economy, environment, and communities, President Barack Obamaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s administration released a national clean water framework on April 27 that showcases its comprehensive commitment to protecting the health of Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s waters. The framework emphasizes the importance of partnerships and coordination with states, local communities, stakeholders, and the public to protect public health and water quality, and promote the nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s energy and economic security. For nearly 40 years, the Clean Water Act, along with other important federal measures, has been a cornerstone of the EPAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s effort to ensure Americans have clean and healthy waters. The Obama administrationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s framework outlines a series of actions under way and planned across federal agencies to assure the integrity of the waters Americans rely on every day for drinking, swimming, and fishing, and that support farming, recre-

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ation, tourism, and economic growth. It includes draft federal guidance to clarify which waters are protected by the Clean Water Act nationwide, partnerships and programs to improve water quality and water efficiency, and initiatives to revitalize communities and economies by restoring rivers and critical watersheds. To read more, visit www.whitehouse .gov/administration/eop/ceq/initiatives/ clean-water.

Construction to Expand Groundwater Replenishment System Is Approved

The Orange County Water District board of directors in Fountain Valley, California, voted to move forward with the construction of the 30 million gallon per day initial expansion of the Groundwater Replenishment System. The overall budget is set at $156.2 million and the project will create an additional 31,000 acre-feet per year of new

NEWS/continues on page 14

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Water Well Journal June 2011 13/

NEWS/from page 13

water supplies to serve north and central Orange County. This would bring the total production of the Groundwater Replenishment System to 103,000 acrefeet per year, enough water for 850,000 people. Construction is estimated to be completed in September 2014. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Groundwater Replenishment System initial expansion is an effective response to the federal mandate to decrease Californiaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s dependency on imported waters from the Colorado River by creating additional new water supplies,â&#x20AC;? says Claudia Alvarez, president of the Orange County Water District. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Groundwater Replenishment System initial expansion provides an effective and fiscally sound response to issues presented by the contentious and controversial method of moving water from northern California to southern California through the fragile Bay-Delta ecosystem.â&#x20AC;? The Groundwater Replenishment System, a joint project of the Orange County Water District and the Orange County Sanitation District, takes highly

treated wastewater and purifies it through a three-step process that includes microfiltration, reverse osmosis, and ultraviolet light with hydrogen peroxide, resulting in near-distilled quality water. It is the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s largest advanced water purification facility of its kind, currently producing up to 70 million gallons of new water every day. The internationally renowned facility has garnered more than 20 awards, including the American Society of Civil Engineers 2009 Outstanding Civil Engineering Achievement Award for the yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s most outstanding national engineering project, and the Stockholm 2008 Industry Water Award for the yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s most outstanding international water project.

EPA Updates Web Tool Providing Clean Water Violations and State Enforcement Responses The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency released updated data and a mapping tool designed to help the public compare water quality trends over the last two years. The Web-based inter-

active map includes â&#x20AC;&#x153;state dashboardsâ&#x20AC;? that provide detailed information for each state, including information on facilities that are violating the Clean Water Act and the actions states are taking to enforce the law and protect peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s health. The public can examine and compare information on the inspections conducted by both the EPA and the state in their region, violations and enforcement actions in their communities over the past two years, and the penalties levied in response to violations. In 2009, the EPA announced the Clean Water Act action plan to improve Clean Water Act permitting, enforcement, information collection, and public access to compliance and monitoring information. The state dashboards are a part of the action plan and are designed to provide information on Clean Water Act violators and the governmentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s response. More information on interactive state dashboards for Clean Water Act violations can be found at echo/ancr/us.

Thank you for making a difference. NGWREF is able to provide grants for the following projects this year: s !TKINSON &OUNDATION&AMILY %MPOWERMENT 5GANDA s 7ATER FOR ,IFE4USHILE +OSOVO 3AFE 7ATER 0ROJECT s #OMMITTEE ON &OREIGN -ISSIONS FOR THE /RTHODOX 0RESBYTERIAN #HURCH.AKAALE 3TATION 5GANDA To donate to the Developing World Projects Fund to help those who help others, visit or call 800 551.7379 (614 898.7791).

Operated by NGWA, NGWREF is a 501(c)(3) public foundation focused on conducting educational, research, and other charitable activities related to a broader public understanding of groundwater.

14/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

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NGWA Seeks Nominations for Awards of Excellence: Who Inspires You?

Reinforce the value of your fellow groundwater colleagues who have made a difference through their leadership, accomplishments, insights, and support of the groundwater industry by nominating them to receive an NGWA Award of Excellence. NGWA annually recognizes individuals and companies with its Awards of Excellence and Outstanding Ground Water Project Awards. Award recipients are chosen based on their contributions of service, innovation, research, safety, and projects of scientific and technological importance affecting the growth and well-being of the groundwater industry. All NGWA members are eligible to submit nominations. Please take a moment to look through the list of categories and award descriptions on NGWA’s Web site and nominate who you think is most eligible. Award descriptions, qualifications, and nomination forms can be found at All nominations must be received on or before August 1. If you have questions regarding the NGWA Awards Program call NGWA Assistant to the Executive Director Rachel Jones at (800) 551-7379 or (614) 898-7791, ext. 504, or e-mail

NGWREF Announces Marvin F. Glotfelty, RG as 2012 McEllhiney Lecturer The National Ground Water Research and Educational Foundation (NGWREF) announced that Marvin F. Glotfelty, RG, will be the 2012 McEllhiney Lecturer. NGWREF is operated by the National Ground Water Association as a 501(c)(3) public foundation. Twitter @WaterWellJournl

Glotfelty is the co-founder and principal hydrogelogist with Clear Creek Associates, a groundwater consulting firm with offices in Arizona, California, and Virginia. He is also a licensed well driller in Arizona and has served as the technical director of the Arizona Water Well Association since 1990. His McEllhiney presentation, “Life-Cycle Economic Analysis of Water Wells— Considerations for Design and Construction,” will show attendees how seemingly more expensive initial water well costs may actually pay for themselves in the early life of the well, in addition to providing ongoing dividends in value and economics for many subsequent years. The current McEllhiney Lecturer is Tom Christopherson, program manager for Nebraska’s Water Well Standards and Contractors’ Licensing Program for the Department of Health and Human Services. The title of his lecture is “The Nebraska Grout Task Force Research: Unexpected Results—New Solutions.” A licensed water well drilling and pump installation contractor, Christopherson’s summer schedule includes two June presentations and one at the South Atlantic Jubilee on July 30 in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. To see the complete schedule for Christopherson or for more information on the McEllhiney Lecture Series, visit The McEllhiney Lecture Series in Water Well Technology is made possible by a grant from Franklin Electric Co.

Diversify Your Professional Experience, Become a Certified Vertical Closed Loop Driller Advances in ground source heat pump technology have emphasized the need for a voluntary certification designation for ground source heat pump drillers, and NGWA is proud to offer its newest designation, the Certified Vertical Closed Loop Driller (CVCLD). This new designation reflects an individual who has proven knowledge, skills, and experience in the construction of a closed loop well system for ground source heat pump applications.

By becoming a CVCLD, you will increase your company’s marketability over your competition. Exams for the CVCLD designation can be scheduled by calling PSI LaserGrade at (800) 211-2754 or (360) 8969111 outside the United States. The 75-question exam encompasses the skills and competencies reflected on the Geothermal Vertical Closed Loop Drilling Operations DACUM.

Share Your Input to Help Develop NGWA Best Suggested Practices NGWA has an ongoing need for volunteers to participate in the formation of new industry “best suggested practices.” Participation includes limited review of documents and participation in bimonthly online Live Meetings. NGWA is currently looking for professionals with expertise in the following areas: ● ●

Perchlorate Well and pump system operation and maintenance.

Anyone who is interested in participating in these areas may contact NGWA Industry Practices Administrator Jonathan Jenkins at, or by phoning (800) 551-7379 or (614) 898-7791), ext. 511. Upon completion of the best suggested practice, it will be submitted to the NGWA Board of Directors for adoption and made available for use in the industry.

Share Your Knowledge on NGWA’s The Well An information exchange forum, NGWA’s The Well is designed to improve communication among likeminded members. It offers an online means for exchanging ideas and allows you to benefit from the experience, knowledge, and wisdom of your peers. The Well is where you can post your latest groundwater industry challenge, problem, question, or experience, and learn from the responses shared by others who have also subscribed to The Well. Sign up to join The Well today at Water Well Journal June 2011 15/




NGWA Offers Variety of Products to Keep You Safe at Job Site ●

An assortment of NGWA products are available for you to make use of to stay safe at the job site, including: ●

A 30-minute DVD—Drill Safe, Drill Smart—sold out during the 2010 NGWA Ground Water Expo, and is now available online in the NGWA Bookstore. Produced in collaboration with the video production company Training Without Boredom, Drill Safe, Drill Smart was produced in an informative but fun fashion that keeps those watching alert to the important details. Suitable to the drilling of both domestic water supply and environmental wells because many of the same hazards apply, the video is not just for new drill crew employees, but also seasoned workers who may need a refresher on safe practices. Drill Safe, Drill Smart covers the most common causes of drill site accidents: slips, trips, and falls; materials handling; chemicals; machine guarding; and electrocution. In addition to the video, the DVD includes printable documents—a job safety analysis form, lighting guidelines, a pre-trip inspection form, and a safety assessment plan. Detailed discussions on safety are now easy to have with Safety Meetings for the Groundwater Industry. A set of 52 sheets printed on twopart carbonless paper, it is designed to enable companies to have weekly safety meetings on a different industry-specific subject each week of the year. Each sheet contains talking points, areas to write down related topics and employee recommendations, and employee and manager signatures. Among the subjects are safety from slips and falls, proper

16/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

blocking of drill and pump service equipment, properly storing fiber rope, and safety from falling objects. NGWA Supervisors Safety Manual is designed for use by owners of drilling and pump installation firms, and those who are responsible for safe practice in those businesses. Released in December 2000, the manual includes chapters on record keeping, employee involvement, fleet safety, and facility evaluations. A 15-page companion, the NGWA Safety Program Manual, is sold separately.

To learn more or to purchase these products, visit the NGWA Bookstore at, or call (800) 551-7379 or (614) 898-7791.

Updated and Revised Lexicon of Groundwater and Water Well System Terms Is Now Available from NGWA Among the definitions of a lexicon is “a special vocabulary,” and NGWA has created a lexicon that contains more than 1900 terms of the groundwater industry. NGWA’s Lexicon of Groundwater and Water Well System Terms was selected by a task force of industry professionals and contains terms with the most relevancy to the various groundwater professions and to the use, protection, remediation, and management of groundwater. While there are often regional differences in the use of some terms, the document is certainly an ideal collection of the definitions that relate to groundwater and professionals who work with it. To learn more or to purchase this product, visit the NGWA Bookstore at, or call (800) 551-7379 or (614) 898-7791.

Secure Booth Space at 63rd Annual Ground Water Expo

The 2011 Ground Water Expo online booth selection database is up and running for industry manufacturers and suppliers at With the online process, you can request your booth space, complete the exhibit application, and pay for the space with a credit card. The Expo gives you the opportunity to gain direct access to thousands of groundwater professionals. You can meet a year’s worth of contacts in just two days and showcase your products at the most prestigious show within the groundwater industry. Attendees at the Expo are there to inspect and compare products and equipment vital to their livelihood. If you have questions, contact NGWA Director of Advertising and Exhibit Sales Vickie Wiles at, or call (800) 5517379 (614 898-7791 outside the United States), ext. 593.

Stay Connected with NGWA Follow the National Ground Water Association on . . . Twitter



YouTube Get all of the details on how to do so at Twitter @WaterWellJournl

Keep your business well protected with the WellGuard Insurance Program. Business insurance for the water well drilling industry. Developed in 1998, the WellGuardSM Insurance Program offers comprehensive coverage, competitive rates, and customized coverage specifically designed to meet the needs of: s Contractors, suppliers, and manufacturers that drill wells for water only s Core drilling and test boring contractors â&#x20AC;&#x201D; EPA Levels C and D s Manufacturers and suppliers of products for the well drilling industry s Engineers who support well drilling operations s Plumbing contractors supporting well drillers s Geothermal contractors. Policies offered include property, general liability, commercial automobile, workersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; compensation, and umbrella, as well as specialized coverages tailored to address the unique needs of the water well drilling industry such as: s Down-the-hole coverage Endorsed by NGWA, the WellGuard insurance program is administered by Willis Programs and underwritten by The Hartford.

s Limited contractors pollution liability coverage (available in most states). Visit or call Jeffrey D. Blumberger at Willis Programs at 860 756.7333 for more information on the WellGuard Insurance Program. For more information on the many benefits of NGWA membership, visit or call NGWA customer service at 800 551.7379 (614 898.7791).

Circle card no. 33

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The Down and Dirty When it comes to the water well industry, understanding OSHA’s Focus Four hazards is a must. By Mik e P ric e


t’s no secret the Occupational Safety and Health Administration is cracking down harder than before when enforcing compliance today. OSHA issued 42,000 citations last year but is on pace to reach 50,000 by the close of 2011. The “little guy” is no longer immune to being cited for a safety violation. Not only are more citations being issued, heftier fines come with it. What used to be a $750 citation is now $3000. A shift in stricter compliance has created smarter OSHA inspectors who may take one citation and turn it into four, tagging one citation onto each other. Inspectors work off OSHA’s Focus Four hazards that have been identified as the four leading causes of fatalities in the construction industry: 1. slips, trips, and falls 2. electrocutions 3. struck-by 4. caught-in. According to OSHA, 78% of all fatalities are related to these hazards, while 85% of all citations and 90% of dollars applied as fines are related to them. These hazards, according to a safety consultant in Hillsboro, Missouri, pose

Mike Price is the associate editor of Water Well Journal. He can be reached at

the greatest risk to the water well industry. Thus, this article will review the four hazards in an attempt to help prevent injuries, fatalities, and citations.

Slips, Trips, and Falls The water well industry is exposed to this hazard more than other industries due to surfaces at job sites becoming saturated with groundwater, drill cuttings, and Scott Honer other materials. Maintaining an orderly job site (housekeeping) is necessary to combat slips and trips, which was a message presented to approximately 50 attendees at the 2011 Missouri Water Well Association annual meeting this past winter by Scott Honer, president of Safety Consulting Services LLC in Hillsboro, Missouri. “When you lift that rig up and start cracking ground, make sure you’re in compliance. That’s all I’m asking of you,” Honer remembers telling the attendees. “Put the safety glasses on, put the hard hats on, make sure the ground is firm, make sure there’s not a bunch of trash laying all over the place and people are busting their butts because the inspector is not going to walk up and address it. The inspector is going to sit across the street and videotape you, and it makes it really difficult for me to argue a citation down.”

Organizers of MWWA’s annual meeting wanted Honer’s overall message to focus on being proactive when it comes to OSHA, therefore alleviating the risk of a citation that could raise insurance rates. “I wanted to get a better mind-set put out there that OSHA isn’t trying to put everyone out of business,” Honer says, “but that’s just the point they’ve come to right now is that they’re handing out fines to get people to take them seriously.”

Electrocutions For this hazard, it’s imperative that the driller check with the local authority and property owner before digging. “It’s not always true what they say about the markings when an authority marks a location. I found that to be wrong once before,” says Gerald Buechting, president of MWWA who co-owns Buechting Drilling Co. Inc. with his wife, Jackie, in Imperial, Missouri, “so you still need to be careful even if it says it’s marked here when you get close to that area. “Obviously, too, watching your cables for fraying and so forth because you are hoisting drill pipe every time you add a drill pipe and there is a danger of the cable.” When setting up the drill rig, common sense says know the correct distance from overhead power lines. Rigs should be checked over thoroughly

OSHA/continues on page 20 Twitter @WaterWellJournl

Water Well Journal June 2011 19/

OSHA/from page 19

before use to make sure their electrical grounding system is working. Poorly maintained extension cords and defective power tools may seem trivial but can pose a danger. Honer cites an example where if it’s raining at a job site, today’s OSHA inspector can have a field day with citations. “Slips, trips, and falls because the ground is wet. Electrical because of lightning if the inspector wants to drag it out. The inspector could even get you on caught-in between or struck-by if they found a guy in bad position.” That’s why Buechting and his small staff discuss any potential dangers before heading out to a job site. “Any job seems to be repetitious in some respect,” he says, “but in essence every job is just a little different. I generally will have seen the location before the guys go out or I even go out with them and we’ll talk about safety concerns.”

Tailgate talks on safety every morning are common in the water well industry and are intended to address any and all hazards like electrocutions.

Struck-By Flying and falling objects are at the forefront of this hazard. “OSHA is now realizing a rig could come apart while it’s spinning at its speed,” Honer says, “so drillers should be wearing safety glasses and hard hats.” Just like meeting to talk about safety concerns, wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) should be second nature for drillers due to the nature of the job. “Everyone needs to put safety first, work as a team, look out for each other, and take breaks,” says Joe Neri, owner/ operator of All Star Drilling and Probing in Laurence Harbor, New Jersey, who sits on the National Ground Water Association’s Safety Subcommittee. Hearing protection, although not under the struck-by hazard category but still PPE, has been receiving more attention recently from OSHA. Drill rigs are

loud, typically above 85 decibels, and can cause permanent hearing damage to workers close to them. “Even the inspectors are walking on and walking off job sites and saying, ‘My gosh, my head is pounding!’” Honer says. In addition to PPE, proper training for employees is the first thing that comes to mind to Neri, who has more than 25 years of drilling experience and is the vice president of the New Jersey Ground Water Association. “If they have the proper training,” Neri says, “are they free of distractions that particular day? This may sound hard to do, but it really isn’t. Some helpful ideas that I believe will help lower the accident rates are to give employees more frequent refreshers and have them participate in the refresher classes, not just sit there and listen.”

Caught-In Spacing issues are just one reason drillers can get caught in bad positions. Organizing the job site and ensuring

Importance of Safety Culture Comes Naturally to Schneider Electric in North America Schneider Electric in North America, a global specialist in energy management with brand names like Square D and APC, has built a strong safety reputation for itself. The National Safety Council honored the company with the 2011 Green Cross for Safety Medal for its outstanding achievement in workplace and off-thejob safety. Schneider Electric is also the first Green Cross for Safety honoree to likewise win NSC’s Robert W. Campbell Award, which recognizes organizations that demonstrate world-class operational safety, environmental, and health performance. Based in Palatine, Illinois, with 26,000 employees in North America, Schneider Electric set out to improve its safety program and medical incident rate after a change in leadership in the early 2000s. “Our goal at that time was to get to zero because we think every injury can be prevented and one injury is too many,” says Rich Widdowson, vice president of safety, real estate, and environment. 20/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

In 2010, Schneider Electric’s injury rate (similar to OSHA’s recordable injury rate) was 0.9 compared to 3.6 in 2003. Industry averages were approximately 5.0 in 2003 and 3.5 in 2010. Rich Widdowson Five key points make up Schneider Electric’s safety culture: ● ●

● ● ●

Safety is everyone’s responsibility. All injuries and occupational illnesses can be prevented; all exposures can be safeguarded. Management has a responsibility to train all employees to work safely. Working safely is a condition of employment. Preventing safety incidents and injuries contributes to business success.

Schneider Electric was moved to better its safety record for its employees, not for financial gains. Nevertheless, the company has seen more than $10 million a year in direct savings based on 500 injuries being prevented each year. “We didn’t come up with a program name or logo,” Widdowson says. “It’s

part of who we are now as a culture. That’s something that will outlive any logo or any name. “We say safety is really part of our DNA now. It’s who we are. People like to work here and part of the reason is we care about our people and we’re going to do everything we can to make sure that they come to work and leave work safely and are thinking safety at work and at home.” Widdowson says communicating that the company is serious about safety and backing it up with actions was necessary at the very outset of overhauling the program. Due to the results of the safety program in North America, Schneider Electric is now incorporating these safety practices and processes globally in all its operations in more than 100 countries. “We’re very proud to receive this award and get the recognition,” Widdowson says. “But really it comes down to our people. It really makes you feel good to work for a company that is serious about taking actions to improve safety because they truly care about their people.” Twitter @WaterWellJournl

equipment maintenance should be on the to-do list. While some call equipment on a job site â&#x20AC;&#x153;low-hanging fruit,â&#x20AC;? it can either cause a struck-by or caught-in hazard. Improperly trained personnel can be injured or killed by getting caught in moving machinery. Having a safety program in place will help with training personnel. This seems like a given, but according to Buechting, many who were at the MWWA annual meeting werenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t aware of it. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a big key right there,â&#x20AC;? Honer says. â&#x20AC;&#x153;If you donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have a safety and health program in place, OSHA asks, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;How the heck are your employees working safe if they do not know what is expected of them?â&#x20AC;&#x2122;â&#x20AC;? There are a variety of resources, including NGWA and the National Safety Council, to lean on when devising a safety and health program. NGWAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Safety Subcommittee also develops educational materials on safety hazards and standards for the groundwater industry. One piece of wisdom Honer tried to impart to those he spoke with when it comes to OSHA is do everything in their power to take care of their employees and the company. WWJ

6 PD O O H U  L V  % H W W H U   


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The following were the top 10 most frequently cited standards in fiscal year 2010: 1. Scaffolding, general requirements, construction 2. Fall protection, construction 3. Hazard communication standard, general industry 4. Ladders, construction 5. Respiratory protection, general industry 6. Control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout), general industry 7. Electrical, wiring methods, components and equipment, general industry 8. Powered industrial trucks, general industry 9. Electrical systems design, general requirements, general industry 10. Machines, general requirements, general industry. Source: Circle card no. 48

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Water Well Journal June 2011 21/
























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Avoiding Slips, Trips, and Falls It’s not as simple as it sounds. By Thomas G. Dolan reventing accidents that result from slips, trips, and falls seems like such elementary common sense that it should scarcely bear any mentioning. Yet, overall construction fatalities are nearly as high today as they have ever been. There are reasons for this, but fortunately corrective measures that can be taken too. Water well drilling has its own unique conditions that workers must be aware of. As points out Richard Thron, MGWC, president of Mantyla Well Drilling Inc. in Lakeland, Minnesota,


Thomas G. Dolan is a freelance writer living in the Pacific Northwest. He has written for several national water and construction industry publications.

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

one of the first ones that must be accounted for is the weather conditions workers will face at the job site. “Muddy rains can create hazards in Florida as well as the Upper Midwest,” Thron says. “In our area, winter poses special problems. Taking pipes out of the ground can be extremely hazardous because warm water quickly freezes. We take along 5-gallon mixtures of salt and sand in the back of our service trucks. Sprinkling this mixture in freezing or other hazardous areas can do a lot to prevent falls.” Thron adds that extra precautions should be taken even when setting up rigs and blockings in the work area. “They should be as stable as possible,” he says. “Use good timbers for the working platforms for the drills or

(Above photo) An organized and clean job site is often a safe job site. individuals. Make sure any ladders are secured so you don’t have them slipping out or falling over” In agreement is Steve Heist, a construction specialist for the Washington State Department of Labor & Industries, which functions as the state’s OSHA program. One of the first things he pointed out was that slurry, which often accompanies water well drilling, can result in mounds of material that ends up saturated with water, thus creating potential hazards. Heist adds that you should always have easy, safe access to getting to the

SLIPS, TRIPS, FALLS/continues on page 24 Water Well Journal June 2011 23/

SLIPS, TRIPS, FALLS/from page 23 equipment. And if the equipment has guard rails, regulations require they be maintained as originally constructed. “If you’re on a tower or piece of equipment 10 feet or higher, you are required to have fall equipment,” Heist says. “A worker recently fell off of a crane that was less than 10 feet high and still died. Falls, unfortunately, are often serious and fatalities resulting from falls are one of the leading causes of death in construction.” One hazard that should never be an issue, but often is according to Thron, is a messy site. “I’ve seen sites where it’s difficult to even walk into or out of,” he says. “You should keep your work area neat, and not have tools and debris lying all around. Use caution and common sense. Keeping your work area orderly shows you take pride in your work and projects a positive image to your customers that you are providing quality. They’ll be happier and you’ll be safer. If you’re working in the middle of a desert with no adverse weather conditions, but are careless, you’ll still have accidents.” When asked why workplace accidents continue to occur, even though the causes are both well known and increasingly covered by government regulations, Thron is blunt in his opinion. “I think human beings are basically lazy animals,” he states. “If they can take a shortcut, they will. You have to

Get Safety Meetings for the Groundwater Industry, a set of 52 sheets that provide content for weekly safety talks for your staff in the NGWA Bookstore at continually pound away at safety first, in regular tailgate talks and other ways. The recession has actually helped safety a little for it has reduced workloads and lessened the pressures on deadlines. People are a little more relaxed, more reflective, and have better insight. We have to maintain this mind-set as the economy rebounds.” Thron adds that a further motivation for employers is lower insurance rates for companies with good safety records. “I’m in a pool with other well drillers, and we recently got back more than $7000 in our insurance rebate program,” he adds. Increased cooperation between government and industry in terms of safety measures is also a positive trend. Heist says he believes his state of Washington is “ahead of the curve” in this respect. He indicates his state’s Department of Labor & Industries got together all of the various stakeholders involved with cranes to fashion regulations both meaningful and workable. “The result has been a greater appreciation between government and industry, more cooperation, and greater safety,” Heist says. He cites some statistics that prove his point. Labor & Industries started col-

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lecting data concerning work-related fatalities and initiating countermeasures in 1998. There were 62 work-related deaths in that first year. The number dropped to seven in 2009 and six in 2010. “But that is still six too many,” Heist points out. Still, the improvement is definitely there. Among the reasons why is a restructuring of rules through an advisory council, which brings in involvement from industry. “We are listening more, trying to find out what real working conditions are like, and taking them into account,” Heist says. Labor & Industries has created a Voluntary Protection Program (VPP). Some of the features of the VPP, which motivate employers to increase their safety efforts as well as provide various incentives and recognitions to their employees for safety efforts, are as follows. When a company attains VPP status, everyone benefits because: ● ● ● ● ●

Special benefits accrue to employers for having a VPP work site, which: ●

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Employers lower their costs Employees come home safely after work Labor and management work together cooperatively Industries have a “best practices” model Communities recognize leadership in safety and health.

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Lets companies establish a positive working relationship with Labor & Industries’ Division of Occupational Safety and Health Helps firms avoid surprise workplace inspections Gives companies access to Labor & Industries’ extensive safety and health resources Creates confidence that businesses are in compliance with safety and health regulations Lets companies display the nationally recognized VPP flag at work sites.

“We’re trying to recognize companies that have excellent safety records,” Heist says. That is definitely worth mentioning. WWJ Twitter @WaterWellJournl

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O R C A L L U S T O D A Y  Circle card no. 13

Common Pump Problems

Industry pump installers and suppliers weigh in on what they see at job sites. By Jennifer Strawn hey say an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, and when it comes to designing a water system it certainly rings true. For pumps in particular, good-quality materials, a correctly sized pump, and the right tank can be the difference between a pump lasting 20 years or one working for just five. And now more than ever, homeowners expect the system to last and they want to see it repaired rather than replaced. But it can be difficult to find and fix the problem when the homeowners don’t know if the pump is working or if there’s even water in the well. They only know they’re out of water. “We have a routine we go through any time we approach a system,” says Larry LaChance, MGWC, CPG, of Adirondack Pump & Well Service in Ballston Lake, New York. “Before you do anything else, you have to find out what works on the system.” He checks to see if the pump’s working and checks to see if there’s water in the bowl. Based on what he sees, it’s easier to determine what kind of problem he’s dealing with. Although he’s never sure what to expect when he arrives onsite, there are definitely some issues that are more common than others. A mix of water well contractors, pump installers, and suppliers weighed


PUMP PROBLEMS/continues on page 28 Jennifer Strawn was the associate editor of Water Well Journal from 2004 to 2007. She is currently in the internal communications department at Nationwide Insurance in Columbus, Ohio. She can be reached at strawnj2

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

Water Well Journal June 2011 27/

PUMP PROBLEMS/from page 27 in on the most common pump problems they see on the job. Here are their top four.

1. Improper system design or pump sizing Homeowners who take the “do-ityourself” approach are by far the most common cause of improper system design or pump sizing, LaChance says. “I’ve probably seen almost any home brew water system you can imagine,” LaChance jokes. “I love taking the new guys out on jobs because they’re almost guaranteed to go home with a good story to tell.” One of the worst, he says, was when a homeowner decided to not only replace the pump and tank himself with products from the nearest big box store, but also replumb the entire house using garden hoses. “The water was so acidic that it just ate right through the hoses,” LaChance remembers. “It was leaking everywhere.” More commonly, says Dan Milan of Milan Supply Co. in Mt. Pleasant, Michigan, the tank is undersized for the flow of the system. Hard economic times often means contractors are forced to compete on price and, due to market conditions, putting in the bare operating minimum. But that can drive up the long-term system cycle costs, he says. The pump cycles too quickly when an undersized tank is installed. Frequent starts increases operational costs, deteriorates pump relays and pressure switches while increasing motor winding temperatures. “A number of people—when presented with the features and benefits— decide to upgrade for premium systems (larger tank),” Milan says. “Give them a choice, not just a price.” In do-it-yourself water systems, LaChance says tanks can be too large for the pump on occasion. In a shallow or low-yield well, this can cause the well to pump dry before the tank is full. The pump can continue to run dry until it damages itself. Charlie Waller, CPI, of Uvalde Pump Service in Uvalde, Texas, says sometimes the system was designed properly when it was put in, but now doesn’t meet the homeowners’ needs. 28/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

“An older couple might have put in the well, and they didn’t need to use much water. Then a younger couple will move in, have a few kids, and like to water their lawn,” Waller says. “And suddenly, the pump and tank don’t fit their usage.” Although it’s usually as simple as replacing the parts of the system that aren’t working, LaChance admits sometimes it’s necessary and more cost effective to pull the whole thing apart and start from scratch. In designing a good water system, Milan suggests you really look at the specific details, adjust for special needs, and size the installation for those conditions. “Look at how much, how far, how high, when, and why,” he says. “And in that review, you take a look at possible applications of the current technologies such as variable frequency drives and pump control valves.”

kind of handle on what the problem is,” he says. Common causes of electrical problems on-site include low or high voltage, broken wires, skinned cable, or even damage to electrical components caused by operating conditions. Aging wires are a common cause, Waller says. Newer high-end wire last much longer than cheap wire. Waller says well conditions can also cause wire damage. In limestone formations with uncased wells, for example, if you don’t have the proper torque arrestors or guards, the wire hits the sides of the casing during startup or shutdown and wears out. LaChance adds that crooked wellbores are a big cause in his area too. Torque arrestors, guards, and tape for in-well use are used. Storms can also cause electrical problems in pumps, says Sam Tyler, CPI, of Tyler Well & Pump in Carver, Massachusetts. “Submersible pumps are always subject to lightning strikes,” he says. “The well takes on a lightning strike and it burns out the motor.”

2. Electrical problems

3. Check valve failure

Nearly 60% of pumps Milan sees have some electrical problem—usually due to an on-site condition. “We’ll get new and used pumps back to bench test both hydraulically and electrically,” Milan says. “There’s a percentage of time that there’s nothing wrong with the pump. Testing gives the installer either confidence in the product or direction to look for trouble at the job site.” To find electrical problems on-site, LaChance starts at the pressure switch to see if there’s voltage on the line terminals and then checks across the points to see if power is getting past the pressure switch and getting to the pump. If the voltage isn’t right, he pulls the circuit breaker and does a resistance check from line to line and line to ground to check the integrity of the circuit. “All of this is pretty quick and easy, and it’s a good place to start,” LaChance says. If the power supply looks like it’s correct, the next step is to put an ammeter on the motor leads to see if it’s pulling a proper current. “Usually by this time you have some

Malfunctioning check valves are another common cause of problems. The check valves can get stuck in the open position or won’t open at all, Tyler says. When a check valve down the hole or at the top of the pump goes out, it can cause air in the line or short cycling of the pump, Waller adds. When a broken check valve is suspected, he pulls the plug out of the top of the discharge tank to see if there is water in there. If it’s holding water, then you know the check valve is holding. “Sometimes we have more than one check valve down the hole. If you have a deep set, for example, we try to put a check valve every 150 to 200 feet on the drop,” Waller says. “So if the water’s standing, that means the last check valve or more than one check valve is holding.” When you turn on the pump the water should come out immediately, he says. If it takes the water a while to flow, if the water goes back to its own water level, and the pump is starting up under a no-load situation, it means there

“Look at how much, how far, how high, when, and why.”

PUMP PROBLEMS/continues on page 71 Twitter @WaterWellJournl

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By Victor J. D’Amato, CIH, CSP

Naturally Occurring Asbestos U.S. EPA’s first public health emergency can put drillers at risk.

o begin with, there’s the oddly redundant name—naturally occurring asbestos. Asbestos is natural. It is comprised of silicate minerals, so its occurrence in nature is, well, natural. It is more common in areas where mountain building has occurred. Normally, the minerals are locked up in the earth’s crust, and in that form they are harmless to human health. But when asbestos dust is released into the earth’s atmosphere by mining or excavating, refining, housing construction, house remodeling, or demolition—it becomes extremely deadly. Found in rock formations throughout the United States, naturally occurring asbestos has been reported in at least 35 states. It is particularly prevalent along the East Coast, following the Appalachian Mountains range, and also in northern California. It’s also present in Fairfax County, Virginia, where I work. As a result, the Fairfax County Health Department developed an asbestos exposure control plan that requires a compliance plan including air monitoring to ensure effective dust control during construction in areas containing naturally occurring asbestos.


Controlling Exposure to Asbestos There are two elements involved in controlling exposure to asbestos. The Victor J. D’Amato, a certified industrial hygienist and certified safety professional, is the director of Atrium Environmental Health and Safety Services in Reston, Virginia.

30/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

An employer needs to designate a competent person who can recognize the hazards present on site, including asbestos. first is to develop an asbestos management plan for drilling that is compliant with local government standards. It should incorporate engineering controls such as how to minimize how much dust is generated; what method of drilling will be used; and how to clean tools, on-site vehicles, and the workers themselves. Asbestos is an airborne inhalation hazard and residual contaminants on skin, hair, or clothes can expose a worker’s family to asbestos dust if decontamination controls are not in place. The second exposure control is the use of personal protective equipment and may include disposable clothing, rubber boots, and respirators, depending on the airborne concentrations of asbestos. Personal exposure monitoring should be conducted by taking air samples in the employee’s breathing zone. A lab will analyze the samples and the results will indicate how many asbestos fibers are in the breathing zone. Perimeter monitoring should also be conducted to make sure asbestos dust is not drifting to neighbors. The employer can take a sample upwind and downwind from the drilling site for analysis.

Asbestos Management Plan On any construction site, an employer needs to designate a competent

What Asbestos Can Do All asbestos minerals are elongated crystals. Some varieties are needle-like. When dust-size particles are inhaled, the crystals penetrate into the lung tissue by piercing the walls of the alveoli. Once the particles penetrate the lung tissue, they stay in the lungs permanently. There is no way to remove them. Eventually these crystals will cause a scarring of the lungs, called asbestosis, or cause a cancer of the lining of the lung, called mesothelioma. Both of these diseases are currently incurable and both are terminal. Mesothelioma is almost exclusively linked to exposure to asbestos dust. person who can recognize the hazards present on site, including asbestos. The designated person must have the knowledge and skills to reduce the hazard (in this case understanding and complying with the asbestos standard) and the authority to implement the hazard controls. This person should be designated in the asbestos management plan. The standard that must be complied with is the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s asbestos standard for the construction industry (29 CFR 1926.1101). This requires employers to assess exposures and implement controls that are appropriate for those exposures. To assess employee exposures, personal breathing zone air sampling is conducted. Appendix A of the OSHA standard specifies how these samples are collected and analyzed. The samples Twitter @WaterWellJournl

are sent to an accredited laboratory for analysis. The results will typically determine what controls have to go into place and measure how effective those controls are. Workers should use personal protective equipment consistent with likely exposure, and those exposures should be recorded to document that the controls are effective. Documentation is important because it is required to be compliant with the OSHA standard and because certain airborne concentrations will trigger specific elements of the standard, such as training and medical monitoring. OSHA does not have any training requirements that specifically relate to naturally occurring asbestos and water well drilling, but there is an OSHA instruction (CPL 2-2.63) that specifies wetting, or using water to control dust, is a sufficient engineering control to manage asbestos dust. Minimum training would require an awareness of the hazards associated with asbestos, the engineering controls required by the site, and two hours of hands-on training in good work practices. Training records

must be maintained at least until training is no longer needed or the employee has been through a refresher course. Also, the work area needs to be posted with a warning if airborne exposures exceed permissible exposure limits for asbestos, which is 0.1 fiber per cubic centimeter of air averaged over an eight-hour day. OSHA also requires the area be posted if exposures exceed 1.0 fiber per cubic centimeter over a 30minute period, or the OSHA excursion limit.

Personal Protective Equipment There are usually categories of exposure that determine what personal protective equipment is appropriate. Here in Fairfax County, there are four categories. It is typically recommended that drillers begin work in Category 3 PPEâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; triggered if clothing might come into contact with naturally occurring asbestos, but no airborne exposure is anticipated. For this level of exposure, Tyvek or other disposable clothing is re-

SAFETY/continues on page 32

Additional Information The U.S. Geological Survey has an ongoing project to map the locations of historical asbestos mines, former asbestos exploration prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences. To locate naturally occurring asbestos areas in a specific part of the country, begin by consulting the USGS reports below and then contacting a state geologist. U.S. Geological Survey Eastern United States Central United States Rocky Mountain States Southwestern United States California Geological Survey Asbestos Reports, Maps, and Guidelines for Geologic Investigations: hazardous_minerals/asbestos/Pages/ Index.aspx

Accidents and injuries happen every year. Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t let one happen to you. s Slips, Slips, trips, trips, and falls falls s Materials handling s Chemical exposure s Machine guarding s Electrocution s And everything in between . . . Drill Safe, Drill Smart covers it all. To order your copy of Drill Safe, Drill Smart, visit the NGWA bookstore at or call 800 551.7379 (614 898.7791). Drill Safe, Drill Smart Catalog #V955

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Water Well Journal June 2011 31/

SAFETY/from page 31 First EPA Public Health Emergency What put naturally occurring asbestos on the public and the government radars was a series of investigative articles in 1999 documenting extensive deaths and illnesses that resulted from exposure to vermiculite contaminated with asbestos generated from a mine owned by W.R. Grace in Libby, Montana. Federal investigators subsequently found that air samples from the area had high levels of fibrous tremolite asbestos, which is suspected to have caused asbestos-related ailments among former mine employees, their family members, and other town residents. More than 274 deaths in the Libby area are suspected to have been caused by asbestos-related diseases, and 17% of the residents who took part in a screening study were found to have lung abnormalities, which may be related to exposure to asbestos. The U.S. EPA has been overseeing the removal of asbestos-contaminated soils and other suspect materials in and near Libby since May 2000, and has spent $120 million in Superfund money on cleanup. In 2008, the EPA and the Department of Health and Human Services launched an $8 million investigation into the effects of asbestos exposure on the people of Libby. In 2009, the EPA declared its first public health emergency covering the town of Libby and nearby Troy, Montana.

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32/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

quired, including rubber boots. In Category 4, where rock drilling or hammering raises the risk of airborne exposure, or if there is documented airborne exposure from these activities, a full-face or half-face negative air-purifying respirator equipped with P100 filter cartridges should be used. In Category 4, everything should be washed down and cleaned before leaving the site and portable showers should be available for the workers. If a respirator is required, so is a written respirator protection program that should include medical surveillance. Employees who have to wear respirators must have a physical exam that includes having a medical history taken, pulmonary function testing, and possibly a chest X-ray. Medical records must be retained for the term of employment plus 30 years. The respirator protection program should also designate a program administrator who is responsible for training employees in how to wear the respirator and its limitations, as well as testing the respirator to make certain it fits properly. The asbestos management plan is important for compliance reasons, but also because you don’t want to expose your highly skilled workers to hazards. Such a plan documents your commitment to the safety of your employees. If implemented properly, this plan protects you from compliance violations and future claims. It’s the right thing to do. WWJ

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TH60 Water Well Rig– Industry leader

Atlas Copco’s TH60 water well drill rig is more powerful and efficient than ever before, and continues to be a leader. The Atlas Copco TH60 is equipped with an arsenal of features: t Single engine power source with reliable transfer case for long life, low maintenance. Meets all current federal regulations. t Cooling system – field tested to 120 degree ambient temperature – allows work in extreme heat. t On-demand hydraulics improve productivity, efficiency and promote fuel savings. t Electronic air regulation allows 150 psi to 350 psi pressure control for varying ground conditions. t Options include various mud systems, air compressors and casing advance systems so rig can be outfitted to any geology. While much has remained the same with the TH60, the changes focus on safety and doing more at a lower operating cost. A combination of old and new technology on the TH60 boosts productivity, efficiency, and fuel savings while providing the familiarity and reliability you have come to expect from an Atlas Copco Water Well Drill.

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By Ed Butts, PE, CPI

Pump Impellers: Part 3 Detailing the most fundamental—and important—element of centrifugal pumps.

began to realize as I was developing Part 3 of this series on the many aspects of the impeller that I could not adequately outline all of the basic concepts of this topic in only three parts. Therefore, I will expand this series to four articles. I will discuss this month the elements of the various forces imposed on impellers during operation and conclude the series next month with an explanation of the impact on an impeller from speed and diameter changes, the application of the affinity laws, the effects of staging, and a few tricks of the trade used to increase the performance and efficiency of impellers.


Figure 1.

Typical Forces on Impellers The principal forces on impellers are primarily exerted during operation when the impeller or group of impellers is turning within the volute at the design speed. Although other forces, such as pressure or head, can be imposed on the interior and exterior surfaces of impellers, these forces are generally imposed equally to all of the surfaces of the impeller during a static or nonoperating state. The primary forces exerted on impellers during operation are axial forces (the forces normal or parallel to the impeller eye) and radial forces (those forces that are exerted perpendicular to Ed Butts, PE, CPI, is the chief engineer at 4B Engineering & Consulting, Salem, Oregon. He has more than 35 years experience in the water well business, specializing in engineering and business management. He can be reached at

34/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

the impeller eye like suction). The application of these two common forces for a typical end-suction centrifugal pump is shown in Figure 1. Although each of these applied forces is generally provided for by the pump manufacturer in the original design of the pumping unit, it is important for system designers to have a basic understanding of the forces nonetheless.

Axial Force The axial force, also known as thrust, on an impeller is the sum of the unbalanced forces acting on the impeller in the axial direction, or parallel to the pump shaft. Although the maximum axial force is typically applied only to one side of the impeller, it can reverse direction or even alternate should a change in the pump’s operating conditions occur.

Axial forces are the result of one or more of the following conditions: ● ● ● ● ● ●

pressure distribution at the mechanical seal or packing leakage zone pressure distribution within the leakage zone of the hub pressure difference at opposite ends of the shaft momentum of the incoming or outgoing fluid flow pressure distribution at the hub in the fluid passages (between vanes) pressure difference between both sides of the vanes (in the axial direction).

Depending on the origin of the source, each of these forces is further defined as mechanical or fluid-induced. Mechanical forces are those resulting from a mechanical influence, such as rotor imbalance or vibrations. FluidTwitter @WaterWellJournl

induced forces result due to the direct influence from the working fluid. Most axial forces imposed in a horizontal centrifugal pump are fluidinduced forces. Axial forces also act in vertical turbine and submersible pumps. However, in these cases it is usually referred to as downthrust or upthrust with the combined effect of hydraulic and mechanical forces due to the weight of the rotating impeller stack and drive shaft. This will be covered in greater detail later. As seen in Figure 1, the application of axial thrust on a rotating impeller is generally unbalanced, with the resulting value dependent on the lower pressure region within the suction eye versus the higher pressure resulting from the impeller discharge exerted on the outer surfaces of the impeller. To prevent lateral movement of the rotating assembly, this force differential is typically resisted in a single thrust bearing or multiple thrust bearings if the load is too high for a single bearing to withstand. The thrust bearing is usually located in either the pump frame or the driver (electric motor, for example). In many high head or capacity endsuction centrifugal pumps, the differential of axial forces between the discharge and suction components of the impeller can cause high loading and premature failure of the thrust bearing. In these cases remediation methods, such as a hydraulic balance line as shown in Figure 2, are often used to provide a path for circulating water from the higher pressure region of the impeller discharge back to the suction port. In addition to lowering the axial forces, a hydraulic balance line also offers inherent advantages for installations with sandy or silty conditions, as these contaminants are continuously flushed out of the packing or mechanical seal zone to avoid abrasive wear on the running surfaces of the seal/packing and the shaft sleeve. Another method commonly used to reduce axial thrust loads on high head centrifugal pumps is through the drilling of small bypass holes through the impeller, providing a path of recirculating fluid between the suction eye and the higher pressure region of pressure behind the impeller. This method should be used with extreme care, as decreased

Figure 2.

efficiency and performance is often a penalty paid for this fix. A final method involves the installation of wear rings on the back side and front side of the impeller, shown in Figure 1 as a rear and front wear ring. Should a system designer wish to provide an installation with reduced axial thrust, use of a double-suction pump may also be considered. Although not

an automatic solution, a double-suction pump properly configured and installed provides an alternative to the typical single-suction centrifugal pump for applications with projected high axial force loads and may be a valid consideration for installations using existing drivers with limited thrust bearing capacities.

ENGINEERING/continues on page 36

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Water Well Journal June 2011 35/

ENGINEERING/from page 35

Figure 3.

Radial Force In addition to the axial forces within an operating pump, most centrifugal pumps also work with a component of radial force, or thrust, which is also shown in Figure 1 as a force exerting perpendicular to the shaft and acting on the periphery of the impeller from the discharge water impacting the volute. Radial forces that exist around the edge of a single impeller are proportional to the pump’s total head (in feet), the impeller diameter, and the vane width of the impeller. For those interested in such things, the following formula is used to determine the radial thrust in a volute style of pump:

Figure 4.

T = (Kq × Kt × D2 × B2 × H × SG) 2.31 where: T = hydraulic radial thrust load, in pounds of force Kq = empirical capacity factor =



Q 2n

Q = observed gallons per minute during the test

Figure 5. Thrust components for VTPs.

Qn = gallons per minute at the BEP (best efficiency point of the pump) Kt = empirical radial thrust factor (ranges from .30–.35) D2 = outer diameter of impeller, in inches B2 = width of impeller opening at D2, in inches* H = developed head at BEP, in feet SG = specific gravity of liquid (1.0 for water) 2.31 = conversion factor used to convert 1 psi to 1 foot of head *The value for B2 is obtained from the manufacturer for the specific unit.

Radial forces are typically more of a concern for high head and high speed volute type centrifugal pumps, especially those with large diameter impellers, and are not generally as much of a concern with vertical turbine or submersible pumps due to the difference of design and construction between the respective units.

36/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

As shown in Figure 3, an impeller within a volute type of centrifugal pump is surrounded by a volute with unequal distances around the periphery between the edge of the impeller and the volute casing. This differential of space results in differing values of radial forces as well, while the diffuser type of pump is encircled with a bowl and diffuser providing a relatively uniform spacing between the impeller discharge and the diffuser, resulting in a more uniform value of the radial force surrounding the impeller.

Unbalanced radial force usually results in increased shaft deflection, which in turn can lead to premature seal or packing failure, bearing and wear ring damage and failure, and premature motor bearing failure for those units with direct driven electric motors. In extreme cases, prolonged operation with extreme unbalanced radial forces can result in shaft breakage. In response to the problems associated with radial forces on high head volute pumps, many manufacturers have developed a modified volute pattern, Twitter @WaterWellJournl

Table 1.

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

ENGINEERING/continues on page 38

Water Well Journal June 2011 37/

ENGINEERING/from page 37 called a double volute, as shown in Figure 4. A double volute style of pumps includes an added internal discharge vane to a standard volute pump, thus providing a reasonably uniform distance between the impeller periphery and the volute around the impeller’s entire circumference. This added feature greatly lowers the unbalanced radial forces within the pump and extends the life of all rotating components.

Forces on Deep Well Pumps As previously outlined, radial forces on diffuser pumps, such as vertical turbine or submersible pumps, are typically balanced due to the uniform construction features of the diffuser encircling the impeller. However, the force of primary concern with this class of pumps is the axial force, mostly referred to as downthrust or upthrust in this class of pumps. As shown in Figure 5, impeller downthrust is due to the unbalanced discharge pressure or head across the eye

of the impeller. Countering this load is an upward force that is developed primarily due to the change of direction of the liquid passing through the impeller. The effect of these two forces results in the impeller thrust. Every deep well pump manufacturer now has published values of the maximum end-play, or lateral movement value for each bowl assembly they build. This value represents the maximum internal movement of the group of impellers allowed within the bowl assembly from the top to the bottom of the assembly. Most deep well pump manufacturers have also developed another value for each individual bowl assembly, referred to as the “K” value of the developed thrust for each foot of pump head. The “K” value is multiplied by the design total dynamic head (TDH) of the specific installation to find the hydraulic thrust in pounds. Depending on the manufacturer, various charts or nomographs are then referenced to find the total shaft elongation of the installation based on the hydraulic thrust, the shaft size, and the setting

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38/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

Circle card no. 9

depth—as the sum of all of these factors creates the total thrust on the unit. In no case can the total shaft elongation exceed the maximum end-play for the selected bowl assembly, as this result would most likely cause the lower shroud of the impellers to contact the bowl assembly during operation, causing a rapid failure. Here is an example: Total dynamic head = 250 feet Pump “K” factor = 4.0 (from pump data sheet) Setting depth = 300 feet Shaft size = 1 inch Maximum bowl end-play = .250 inch (from pump data sheet) Total hydraulic thrust = 4.0 × 250 feet TDH = 1000 pounds. Referring to Table 1, 1000 pounds of hydraulic thrust at 1 inch line shaft = .053 inch of elongation per hundred feet of shaft × 3.00 (300 feet of shaft) = .159 inch of total shaft elongation < .250 inch maximum allowed. The combined value of the hydraulic thrust combined with the weight of the line shaft and all impellers is the total thrust that must be handled by the thrust bearing in the driver, be it an electric motor, gear drive, or other device. Electric motors have various ratings of thrust capacity for their thrust bearings, usually starting at a low value of a few thousand pounds of thrust up to more than 20,000 pounds of thrust. Submersible pump units must carry all thrust values from the thrust bearing, usually located within and at the bottom of the motor. Although the hydraulic thrust value is usually similar or even higher to that found in vertical turbine pumps, the total thrust is generally much lower as the submersible motor does not need to handle any long length of external line shaft weight. Please note that this is a simplistic explanation of this topic. For installations greater than 300 feet, the relative shaft elongation must be calculated, which is the shaft elongation as opposed to the column, or drop pipe elongation, a more precise engineering value. Next month in Part 4, I will conclude this series with a discussion of the affinity laws and various methods to improve impeller efficiency and performance. Until then, work safe and smart.WWJ Twitter @WaterWellJournl

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Baroid Industrial Drilling Products Circle card no. 5 © 2011 Halliburton. All rights reserved.

By John Lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Espoir

Writing Specs for a New Rig This is no time to pretend or lie to yourself. Know your full drilling and casing program before you start to write.

f you are already a contractor, you will know the market conditions and what type of drill to buy. If you are just now wanting to become a drilling contractor (you noted that all drillers in your area are driving new pickups and operating new equipment), you must take the time to study the market. Ask yourself, what types of holes are being drilled? Make a list of the major parts of the program:


Figure 1. Driller George is pleased with his rig, designed to fit the Canfield drilling program. It was a cool day here in Colorado when drilling direct circulation with a hydrostat-powered centrifugal pump.

1. Depth and diameter of holes 2. Type of formation top to bottom 3. Area conditions where holes will be located 4. Special contract conditions; are licenses required? 5. Purpose of hole; type of drilling 6. Casing program 7. Job wrap-up requirements.

Depth and Diameter These are quite critical. Look into the future and try to determine the maximum depth to which this drill may be used. The hole diameter will determine the size of drill pipe and collars and bit size. Always try to use as large a drill pipe as possible, resulting in low pump pressure and high uphole velocity for either mud or air. A large diameter through the tool joints may allow you to drill with a John Lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Espoir has enjoyed a 40-year career in portable drilling equipment design. He holds a bachelor of science degree in mechanical engineering and was formerly the director of engineering for the George E. Failing Co. in Enid, Oklahoma. John was born in the Netherlands and moved to Enid in 1969. He is the founder, owner, and president of Enid Drill Systems Inc. He received the 2003 NGWA Technology Award.

40/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

centrifugal pump in lieu of a duplex piston pump. Advantages of a centrifugal pump are light weight, long life, and easy maintenance at a reasonable cost. Look around and see what type of pump is used in your drilling area. Once you determine what size string you plan to use, calculate the maximum dry weight of the string. This weight will determine the hook load capacity of the mast. The dry string weight should not exceed 75% of the hook load capacity of the mast. The reserve 25% will be the reserve pullback capacity in an air or foam drilled hole. In a mud hole, this automatically increases by 13% due to buoyancy, creating a one-third reserve on back pull. Divide the hook load by the number of lines strung to the traveling block and you get the single line pull requirement of the draw works. With a spec on the mast and draw works, the class of the rig is usually selected.

Type of Formation From alluvial to hard rock: If your area has all of this, it may be wise to purchase two rigs, one for mud and one for air drilling. Combination rigs will always hamper the efficiency of the secondary function. A mud rotary uses rotary speeds from 60 to 150 rpm with a large opening through the swivel. An air rig typically has from 10 to 60 rpm and only a small diameter through a special swivel with high temperature seals. A holdback/pulldown system is a must on an air drill, whereas a mud rig can get by with just adding a few drill collars. Try to find out as much as you can from the county or state divisions of the U.S. Geological Survey office. Also, obtain copies of existing well logs for your own interpretation.

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

Figure 2. Raymer Drilling from Michigan can switch and select from (a) direct drilling 10-inch diameter to 3500 feet, or (b) reverse drilling 36-inch diameter to 1500 feet by switching the drill stem. The Ewbank M-100-RD was custom-built for a drilling contractor who knew his program. Specs were written by the late Gerry Neubecker, and his knowledge pays off today for his sons and future generations.

Figure 3. The M-51 rig is palletized and mounted on top of a swamp vehicle consisting of two pontoons with tracks. It will float and the tracks will power and steer the unit. A sling is connected to the pipe sled carrying 2000 feet of drill pipe and collars, and this assembly will float as well. The unit was custom-designed to drill in the swamps of South America.

Figure 4. This 1973 ATV (all-terrain vehicle) got a new air-cooled 128 hp diesel engine to increase its performance. The rig became all-hydraulic. Currently operating in Mississippi and drilling with flight augers, hollow stem augers, and doing some direct mud rotary as well. After seven years in the pasture, it is performing once again.

Area Conditions The most important question is, can you get to it and get back out? One of the Ewbank rigs was stuck on location for a couple of years and had to be cut into three pieces to be removed. The unit mounting for the rig is an important selection. There are many options available, including: ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●

Conventional truck All-wheel-drive truck ATV or buggy with flotation tires Track mounting Tracks with flotation tanks Barge or sled mounting Trailer mounting Pallet type mounting.

Many a conventional truck will overload the PTO (power take off) when trying to leave a muddy drill site. The rear axles sink as the jacks are pulled up. “Jumping the clutch” to “frog out” of a Twitter @WaterWellJournl

hole are terms commonly heard just before a phone call to the manufacturer to get a new PTO lower shaft. The answer to the parts department’s question “When do you need this?” is always

“Right now!” An all-wheel-drive unit may have pulled out of this mess. Carefully select

TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY/continues on page 42 Water Well Journal June 2011 41/

6. Tubex or Odex drilling 7. Dual rotary drilling (table plus top drive) 8. Conventional or wire line core drilling 9. Flight auger drilling 10. Hollow stem auger drilling 11. Cable tool drilling 12. Bucket-type drilling 13. Directional drilling 14. Horizontal drilling.

Table 1 Rig Engineering Chart Surface Hole





Surface Casing


Production Hole








Production Casing Drill Collars











Drill Pipe


Tool Joint




Surf. Equip-Kelly/Swivel/Block/Subs

Total Weight

Max String Weight

Max Casing Weight


lbs lbs

Likewise, the purpose of a borehole can be just as varied:

Mud Rotary Pump Capacity


Actual Performance


gpm Piston Size

Calculated Backpressure – Friction Loss Uphole Velocity





Surface Hole

Inside Surface Casing


Production Hole



Air Drilling Compressor Capacity


Uphole Velocity


Surface Hole

Inside Surface Casing




Production Hole



DTH Operating Pressure


Mast Length


Hook Load

Casing Clearance OD __ Single Block System

in __ Two Block System

lbs with ______ lines Length


Working Space




Draw Works Max Single Line Pull First Layer Drum Barrel

lbs Diameter


Top Drive or Rotary Table Torque





the unit mounting and consider a pallettype rig that can be easily transferred to a truck, trailer, barge, or swamp vehicle. Consider climate conditions—maximum temperatures will dictate extra cooling or heating for hydraulics and other components. Keep personnel where they can still perform all functions comfortably.

Special Contract Conditions Read all contract conditions and especially the fine print. If you are not sure that you understand it, spend some money with your lawyer. Some things to look for: ● ●

Is the contract tied to a specific time frame? What about any environmental conditions?

42/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

● ●




What about noise and limited operating times? What happens when you lose the hole due to equipment malfunctions? Are you and all your rig employees required to sign a secrecy contract? What happens to those visitors who are injured on your job site?

Purpose of the Hole and the Type of Drilling Let’s take a look at the various types of drilling the author is aware of: 1. Mud rotary direct circulation 2. Air rotary direct circulation 3. Mud reverse circulation ● Airlift reverse ● Vacuum type 4. Air reverse dual wall pipe 5. Concorde reverse drilling

1. Water supply, oil, or gas 2. Water table lowering for mines 3. Exploration for minerals 4. Pump sewer down into caves 5. Miner rescue operations 6. Heat pump energy wells 7. Blastholes to blow up formations 8. Soil type investigation 9. Soil contamination investigation 10. Construction anchor bolt holes. The typical “purpose” of a borehole will determine the type of drill to be used. Combining a number of different applications will make the drill larger, heavier, and of course, more expensive. The one drill that can “do it all” could be designed by EDSI and we estimate that it would take 22 trucks and about $12 million USD. (Make sure to send that purchase order number to John!)

Casing Program Steel or PVC, stepped diameter casing, or same diameter top to bottom. Type of screen, gravel pack, bottom hole, and top hole design. All of these must be evaluated by the contractor to determine specs for his new drill. Pulling your rig forward and tipping the mast back to set that larger casing is not recommended. Operating rear jacks to pull stuck casing loose is also not recommended. Make sure the mast has internal space for the casing plus the casing clamp, grippers, sling, etc. Record the capacities of lifting items and calculate the dry weight of the casing string. This can easily exceed the drill string. Remember to limit this to 75% of the mast hook load. At times, a driller may have to “float” the casing in. Let’s take a look at Twitter @WaterWellJournl

Figure 5. Typical proposal scaled drawing.

the hydraulic upward force onto a floating shoe installed inside an 18-inch I.D. casing at a 750-foot depth. Area of 18 inches diameter is 254 square inches; 750 feet of water column equals 325 psi. A 9-pound mud will increase that by 9.00 ÷ 8.33 = 1.08, making the pressure 351 psi. Load on shoe will then be 351 × 254 = 89,190 pounds. Will the shoe hold? That is definitely the question on the driller’s mind if his mast and clutches and brakes and wire lines and blocks are all rated at 60,000 pounds static hook load. Are these types of operations done in the field? You bet! Does the shoe hold the load? Most of the time, yes, but sometimes a crane will be needed in this situation.

Casing Support Will the casing slide through your table or do you have to slide, tilt, or remove the table? Design a good, strong casing-holding mechanism. Air drilling rigs are designed for small-diameter holes. Please check if a larger opening can be cut in the base of the mast to handle large casing. Many other items like top-drive size and stroke must be known before you can take on a job

Interested in the book Transfer of Technology? It is available in the NGWA Bookstore. The member rate is $75; the nonmember rate is $87.50. Call NGWA at (800) 5517379 to order your copy today. TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY A technical article series to better understand drilling equipment components. • Portable Drill Rig Components • Design and Operation • Proper Sizing • Maintenance and Safety Tips


John M. M. L’Espoir

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

with a large diameter casing using your air drill.

Job Wrap-Up Requirements Will a pitless adapter be used to run the supply line below ground, or does the casing come up above the ground? What are your area requirements for gravel pack around the screen—fill material above and concrete for top hole and pad? Be sure to comply with all of these; do not invent your own standards since they are usually not approved by the inspector. Fines and legal costs will be very high with no return on investment. What about the topsoil conditions— will you be required to bring this back to the way it was? BLM management wants to retain all desert growth as it is in a natural state. Drilling superintendent John S. from Kansas can write a book about drill site cleanup on government lands in the deserts of Nevada. With a big grin, he’ll tell you that the money was good! I had never even heard of self-cleaning porta-potties.

Writing the Specs Properly size all components of the rig with information available from this series. Remember that the rig must also fit your pocketbook, so do not oversize. In a competitive “low bid gets the order” situation, you can avoid cheap designs by specifying exactly what you

want; that is, specify a stainless steel tank, specify a hydraulic stroker on the hydrostat pump, and eliminate the rusty tank and troublesome mechanical linkage to the pump. Use Table 1 for the basic rig design. Before placing the order, review the specs with the actual hands-on driller and listen to what he brings to the table. Maybe he prefers a mechanical clutch on the bailing line to get that “feel” for the bailer. Also, request a scaled drawing from the manufacturer so you can actually “see” your proposed rig on paper (Figure 5).

Service and Operation Suggestions ● ● ●

Inspect your drill rigs Inspect your vehicles Inspect your heavy equipment.

Resolutions to Make Today 1. Make an in-depth study to write technical specs for your existing equipment. 2. Review if an upgrade in specs is needed, and involve the actual drillers. 3. Establish a policy to get rid of the one-line purchase descriptions, such as “1500 foot rig with pump: $_____.” 4. Eliminate the restrictions such as: “Must be current production model with five units in the field.” How can you take advantage of new and recent technological breakthroughs? 5. Work only with qualified rig engineers who can talk real spec numbers to establish capacities of equipment. Coming next month: In conclusion. Formulas, glossary, conversions. Unless otherwise noted, all photos taken by John L’Espoir.

TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY/continues on page 44

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Writing Specs o what about writing specs for a new rig, the new standard for your company. What a challenge for the spec writer—and what a dream job or nightmare. I was recently involved in such a project. I reviewed with the client what I call a “wish list” because a customer has a right to get exactly what he needs to get the job done in an efficient, affordable way. The wish list (partial): ● Depth: 2000 feet ● Type of drilling: mud rotary, direct flush air rotary, and direct flush down the hole hammer drilling ● 5 × 6 mud pump or pump of adequate size ● Compressor of adequate size ● One deck engine to power the rig plus the air compressor.


Let’s take a look at the above specs. ●

Drilling a 12¼-inch-diameter hole with 4½-inch drill pipe determines a medium size rig with a hook load rating of about 50,000 pounds. All types of drilling depend 100% on the selection of a properly sized mud pump and compressor.

Products: 6 6

The mud pump: bit size 12¼ inches (D), drill pipe size 4½ inches (d). Based on a minimum 50 feet per minute uphole velocity, we can use the formula (D 2 – d 2) × 2 = gpm to get the gallons per minute required. So (12¼ 2 – 4½ 2) × 2 = 260 gpm. For this, we would recommend a 5½inch × 10-inch stroke with 5½-inch liners running at 65 strokes per minute. That’s a drastic increase on size, weight, and required hp from the 5 inches × 6 inches. Pressure loss in 2000 feet of 4½-inch FJ drill pipe is less than 100 psi. The compressor: bit size 12 inches (D), drill pipe size 4½ inches (d). Based on 3000 feet per minute uphole velocity, we can use the formula (D 2 – d 2) × 16.5 = cfm to get the cfm required for open hole air drilling or DTHH drilling. So (12 2 – 4.5 2) × 16.5 = 2042 cfm. A 2000-foot hole filled with water has a bottom hole hydrostatic pressure of 2000 ÷ 2.3 = 870 psi. As a minimum, we will need two Sullair screw compressors rated at 900 cfm and 500 psi. Then we need a booster to get up to 900 psi pressure. Each compressor requires 540 hp.

Quality, Service & Solutions

Well Caps Well Seals


Pressure Switches


Pitless Adapters


Pitless Units


Yard Hydrants


Tank Tees


Point of Use Filtration


Water Well Accessories


Stainless Steel & Lead Free Brass

This series is dedicated to the education of John L’Espoir’s two grandsons, Ethan Daniel Atwood and Elliott John Atwood (right), who are each destined to become a drilling rig engineer. Opposing points of view or questions? Contact us at Enid Drill Systems (580) 234-5971, fax (580) 234-5980,

The one deck-mounted engine should now have enough horsepower for the two compressors plus the booster plus hydraulics for the top-drive rotary plus hoisting horsepower. Estimated required power will top 1500 hp.

As you can see, the wish list has now become a nightmare and the industry has declined to make a bid on this project. When writing specs, we must know the limits placed on portable drilling equipment such as size and weight regulations. Of course, the cost of the equipment increases when the customer says, “Yes, but I want it my way.” It is always best to specify proven designs with a good performance record that can be modified to better fit special requirements. WWJ Waiver: The views expressed in this article are the author’s opinion and are based on the engineering education, skills, and experience gained in a lifelong industry commitment. No part of this article is intended to replace or supersede any information supplied by others. The contents of this article may not be used for any type of legal action.

- Insert Fittings - Gauges - Valves - Pitless Adapters - Tank Tees

800-356-5130 or 800-523-0224 44/ June 2011 Water Well Journal


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Twitter @WaterWellJournl


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By Ron Slee

Don’t Look Now, But It’s Coming Back Inflation is raising its ugly head. t has been quite a while since we were confronted by the grim prospect of inflation. The 1970s seemed to be the last serious time. Ever since Paul Volcker raised interest rates up to stratospheric ranges more than 20% for loans we have not had to think about it at all. All that is changing—and it’s not a good change. Like you, I have seen the struggles of the economy over the past three to four years. We have seen government intervention in the economy as never before and are experiencing deficits beyond belief. I don’t want this to be misunderstood as some political statement; I am just stating the facts. There are doubts with Quantitative Easing (QE II) ending this month that the benefits intended were achieved. One thing that has certainly been achieved is a much lower dollar. That is contributing to our impending inflation. Another item to consider is the world of commodities. Rarely have we had the confluence of an extremely large increase in demand such as what we see in the Asia Pacific region and China right now—or for that matter in Russia, Brazil, and India. Couple that with unemployment and a lethargic housing market at home, and you have quite a situation.


Ron Slee is the founder of R.J. Slee & Associates in Rancho Mirage, California, a consulting firm that specializes in dealership operations. He also operates Quest Learning Centers, which provides training services specializing in product support, and Insight (M&R) Institute, which operates “Dealer Twenty” Groups. He can be reached at

46/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

Prepare yourself with a 1% increase on all your parts’ retail prices and quotations. Inflation is a two-edged sword. On the one hand it will increase the value of assets like a home, but on the other, it will erode the value of your earnings by making those things you purchase more expensive. This brings me to my focus this month. Prime product and parts prices will rise. Steel prices in 2009 and 2010 ranged between $575 and $754 a ton. The experts are saying we will be moving to $970 a ton in 2011. That is an increase of just under 70% in two years! Amazing! Just look around the grocery store and you will see the impact on your purchases.

Dealing With It So how do we deal with inflation in our business? Many of you provide quotations to your customers for your products. Sometimes those quotes are outstanding for a while before they come to fruition. “Prices are subject to change without notice” is an expression you will have to get used to again. If you have the products on hand in inventory, you have a bit of a cushion. You know how much you paid for things. But you don’t know necessarily how much you will pay for replenishment of inventory. So the first thing: “Prices are subject to change without notice.”

The next thing is the frequency of price changes from your vendors. With the “just in time” inventory philosophy in place for most of our supply chains, the reaction time to price adjustments will be fast. If we look back at the 1970s, we used to have an annual price adjustment from most vendors. Then it went to twice a year, then quarterly, and finally, as necessary. Many vendors today download over a communications network parts prices each night. This puts a large burden on the parts department or parts professional trying to understand what is happening so they can decide on their approach to the changes. It’s no easy task. The administrative costs to managing the parts inventory and the prime product inventories are going to increase. There is just no way to be able to evaluate pricing without additional resources. By knowing this, however, you can make adjustments to compensate for these additional costs. So let’s sit back a moment. For those of you who agree with my assessment of impending inflation greater than that which we have experienced over the past 20 years, you can prepare yourself with a 1% increase on all your parts’ retail prices and quotations. Prime product is a different subject and can be approached from a different angle. Each unit you order will have a price attached to it. Thus, you can be able to price from a cost base if that was not your method already. It is less risky on the prime product side with price changes than it is on parts. For those of you who either don’t agree or are unsure, please watch the Twitter @WaterWellJournl

Consumer Price Index (CPI) and the Producer Price Index (PPI) over the coming months. Remember though that the measures we use today were changed in 1983, so that the inflation perspective is less dramatic now than it was in the 1970s.

Having Inventory Ready The final comment here relates to the inventory valuation method you use. We have replacement cost, average cost, first in first out, last in first out, and various other structures in use in American business. If we use a 6% inflation rate evenly spaced through the year and an inventory turnover of four times a year, we will have a 1.5% price change on 90 days of parts sales on hand in inventory each quarter. I think you should be protected against that. My suggestion is the methods I used back in the late 1970s when inflation was between 12% and 18% annually on the products we were selling and stocking. I think you should push your prices up by the average increase in inflation on the products you carry, based on the inventory turnover. For example, if your turnover is two times a year and infla-

Circle card no. 6

tion is 6%, then an increase in price of 3% would be appropriately applied. Understand that this is not to make additional profit, but is about recovering the appropriate cost based on the inflationary price increases.

Circle card no. 15

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

I am sure that you understand I am not rooting for inflation to be with us, but I am seeing too many signals that indicate it is coming on quickly. And in this case, being prepared is the best answer. Good luck. WWJ

Circle card no. 35

Water Well Journal June 2011 47/

By Michelle Nichols

Classic Selling Mistakes A surreal, error-ridden exchange with a surly vendor is a case study on how to avoid common sales slip-ups.

ou can learn more from failure than success. I was reminded of this recently when I was looking to buy some Web services. I always try to buy services from local vendors, so I can meet them in person and get a gut-check before I invest my time and money. I located a local specialized provider, called him to briefly discuss my situation, and set a time to meet for coffee. A few hours later, he surprised me by e-mailing me some research results regarding my site. He went on to describe additional services he could do for me and quoted me one price for all the work rolled together. Then the absurdity began. “If you choose not to go with me on this job, you can pay my usual consultant fee of $500 and use the info contained in this e-mail any way you want.” To top it off, he gave me his PayPal account information and his personal bank routing details!


Naturally, I cancelled our meeting. But instead of learning from his overeagerness, he defended it. He argued, “You must have misunderstood my e-mail. On my Web site I have my fees clearly posted. . . . I ask people not to call me unless they are serious. I thought you were serious, not window shopping. . . . You said you read my Web site. I expect to be paid for my work. Sorry you do not agree. . . . Asking you for a consultation fee is not out of line. If you think it is, you are mistaken.” This time, he made a few more selling mistakes. He assumed that since he posted his prices on his Web site, I had agreed to them. In addition, he implied I was stupid, not a serious customer, wanted him to work without paying him, and was mistaken about current business practices. Frankly, it boggles my mind to think this guy stays in business. His error-filled selling style reminded me of some important sales lessons.

Don’t be greedy.

Money precedes work.

There’s a classic sales technique called “Assume the close.” It suggests at the end of your sales presentation you act as if your client has agreed to purchase. You say something like “Would you like it in red or blue?” or “Would you like us to deliver your first pallet of products on next Tuesday or the following Wednesday?” If your customer says yes to your question, they’ve said yes to the entire sale. While this is still an excellent closing technique, it is only appropriate at the close of the sale—not, as was in my case, before you even sit down for the first sip of java. In my example, giving me his financial account information

Red Flags I admit this is an extreme example, but it is a true one, and you can learn from it. This guy made several classic selling mistakes. He tried to blackmail me into sending him $500, upsold me by adding additional services without my approval, and attempted to close the sale way too early in the process.

Michelle Nichols is a professional sales speaker, trainer, and consultant based in Reno, Nevada. Her Savvy Selling Success Pack is available through NGWA. She can be reached toll-free at (877) 352-9684 or at

48/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

If qualified potential customers ask for a meeting, don’t do any customized work on their behalf before the meeting. Of course, you should do some background research on their needs and buying styles. However, don’t do any billable work until you have a signed agreement in your hand and their deposit check in your bank account. Doing work before contracts and money were exchanged gave that guy I was telling you about a martyr complex. It wasn’t my fault he did some research. Now he was trying to make it my problem. Who needs that aggravation?

Upselling customers to buy more than they asked for is a great way to increase your sales, but quote those prices separately and only after they’ve agreed to buy what they came to you for in the first place. Let’s say you sell pump installation services. Narrow down exactly which kind of pump system would fit your customer’s needs best and agree to a price. Then you can sell him a maintenance contract or even a fake rock to cover the well cap. Otherwise, you risk losing the sale of the well over the sale of the add-ons.

Don’t resort to high pressure. You can’t badger intelligent customers into paying for something they didn’t order. You might win the sellingthrough-intimidation game occasionally, but it’s not worth the stress, bad reputation, and lawsuits. Forget about it!

Beware of assumptions.

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

was not only inappropriate and unprofessional, it was downright risky. This information should only be exchanged over a secure site, not in an introductory sales letter.

Iron Bacteria?

What’s YOUR W h a tWater ’s Y O U R PProblem? ro b l e m ? Manganese?

Make pricing relevant to value. The main purpose of most Web sites and sales flyers is to get customers to talk to you about their specific needs and situation. Then you can establish the value of your offering and talk about your pricing. Notice that price comes last in the sales process. That’s because price alone is meaningless, it’s what your customers get for their money that they really care about.

Rusty Water? Hydrogen Sulfur?

B&B Chlorination Can Help!

You be the fall guy or gal. When communication errors occur, take responsibility for them. Apologize and move on. Never imply your customers were wrong or they will get defensive and your sale will be over. You probably don’t like being told you’re wrong by your own mother. You’ll like it even less from a total stranger. The most important lesson you can take from this crazy and misguided sales exchange is that selling is much more than just telling the facts. Selling starts with building connections to your customers, understanding their needs, and walking them through your sales process. At the end of this path is your pot of gold—more money in the bank and more happy customers—and there’s nothing at all crazy about that. Happy selling! WWJ

Let us show you how our Dry Pellet Chlorinators can treat these and other nuisance well water problems. Give us a call, or visit us online at

645-0081 Phone: (800) 331-4808

Fax: (336) 286-0832 Circle card no. 3

Submit your NGWA award nominations today. NGWA awards honor the best of the best and cover all sectors of the groundwater industry. Submit your nomination today in one or more of the following categories.

Who inspires you? Submit your award nomination today.

NGWA Awards of Excellence

NGWA Divisional Awards

s Ross L . Oliver Award s M. King Hubbert Award s Robert Storm Interdivisional Cooperation Award s Technology Award s Honorary Member Award s Life Member Award s Safety Advocate Award s Equipment Design Award

s John Hem Award for Excellence in Science & Engineering s Keith E. Anderson Award s Manufacturers Division Special Recognition Award s Supplier of the Year Award

Outstanding Ground Water Project Awards


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s Ground Water Supply Award s Ground Water Protection Award s Ground Water Remediation Award

Circle card no. 24

For details on eligibility, past recipients, and NGWA award nomination forms, visit or call customer service at 800 551.7379 (614 898.7791 outside the United States). Forms must be received at NGWA headquarters on or before August 1, 2011 for this year’s awards.

Water Well Journal June 2011 49/

By William J. Lynott

Tax-Sensitive Investing Investors need to know strategies to minimize the taxes on their portfolio.

ncome is income to many of us. In truth, though, there are two types of income and they differ sharply in their effect on investors. Many investors, especially retirees, depend on their portfolios to provide day-to-day living expenses. In other words, they need to draw spendable income from their savings. For any investor with that need, there are plenty of income products available in the marketplace, many of which tout attractive dividend or interest payments. The trouble is, income-seeking investors don’t need that kind of income. They need cash in hand, and there is a big difference. Uncle Sam is the wild card here. Whether you’re at or near retirement or just getting started in your business career, you need to know the difference between income and cash in hand. Let’s say you are a conservative investor with a portfolio totaling $500,000, all in blue-chip corporate bonds. With an average return of 4%, you could withdraw $20,000 per year without touching your principal. While you now have $20,000 in income, the trouble is you won’t have $20,000 cash in hand to spend after Uncle Sam grabs his share. And keep in mind that today’s lowered tax rate on dividends and interest are scheduled to


Bill Lynott is a management consultant, author, and lecturer who writes on business and financial topics for a number of publications. His book, Money: How to Make the Most of What You’ve Got, is available through any bookstore. You can reach him at wlynott@ or through his Web site: www.blynott. com.

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expire in a couple of years when your share will get even smaller. So then what is the income-seeking investor to do? Let’s consider another hypothetical example. In this case, you have a more conventional portfolio made up of an assortment of equities, bonds, and cash equivalents appreciating at the rate of 6% a year. Now you can withdraw as much as $30,000 (6% of $500,000) without touching your principal, and if you do it right, you can wind up with all or most of that $30,000 cash in hand. In your hypothetical portfolio returning 6% per year, not all of the stocks will appreciate in value. Unless you have a talent for picking only winners, some will go up and some will go down. By selling only those equities that have gone down in price, you’ll accomplish a couple of important objectives. Those sales will produce no income as far as the IRS is concerned. Not only will you have no tax to pay on the cash from your sales, you will have tax write-offs that will allow you to deduct up to $3000 a year from any other taxable income you may have. This tax-sensitive approach to garnering income from a portfolio produces dramatically different results than the first hypothetical example. Of course, both of these examples are hypothetical. Still, they demonstrate the importance of tax-sensitive investing. Uncle Sam wants to take a bite out of your income pie and he’ll take as big a bite as you allow. A respected judge pointed out many years ago, “Anyone may so arrange his affairs that his taxes shall be as low as possible. He is not bound to choose that pattern which will best pay the Treasury.

There is not even a patriotic duty to increase one’s taxes.” To paraphrase the judge: While tax evasion is illegal, using tax-minimizing strategies is not only legal, it’s common sense. The road to improving after-tax returns is not always as obvious as the hypothetical examples suggest, but there are strategies commonly recommended by financial professionals to help.

The buy and hold approach One way to improve tax efficiency is to avoid frequent buying and selling. Not only can this help to minimize capital gains taxes, it also helps to reduce the burden of costly broker’s commissions. In general, seeking long-term gains instead of a steady series of costly short-term gains is a more tax-wise approach.

The wise use of tax losses You’re probably familiar with the IRS provision that allows you to offset capital gains with capital losses. So if you sell a stock that has a long-term capital gain of $4000, it might be worth your while to sell a poorly performing stock to offset that gain. If your loss is $3500, you can deduct up to $3000 of that loss against your capital gain and carry forward to future tax years the remaining $500 to offset either gains or ordinary income. If the poorly performing stock you sold is from a company that you have faith in, you can always buy it back after 31 days. If not, you’re most likely better off without it.

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The important difference between taxable and tax-deferred accounts One of the most fundamental strategies for tax-wise investing is the proper placement of investments in taxable vs. taxdeferred accounts. In general, it’s best to place tax-efficient investments in taxable accounts, while less tax-efficient investments should be placed in tax-deferred accounts. For example, if your portfolio consists of some tax-free municipal bonds, tax-wise strategy would call for placing them in taxable accounts, while taxable corporate bonds are best held in tax-deferred accounts.

Weigh long-term vs. short-term If you have a stock that has appreciated significantly and you want to take your profit, it may be worthwhile to postpone selling it until you’ve had it for a full year, especially if you’re not too far away from that date. If you hold on to a stock for at least a full year, any gain realized on that holding will be taxed at the long-term capital gains rate (currently 15%).

Shorter holding periods will be taxed at ordinary income tax rates From time to time, you may want to examine your entire portfolio from a tax perspective. Although tax considerations shouldn’t rule your portfolio management decisions, tax-wise investing can help reduce income taxes while maximizing gains in the future. WWJ Circle card no. 29

WATER LEVEL METER This newly designed Powers Well Sounder is a transistorized instrument built to easily and accurately test the static or standing water level in a well with the pump idle, drawdown with the pump running, and recovery with the pump off. Unit does not have to be laboriously held in one hand to lower and raise the cable in and out of the well as required by most open reel models. New features include Hot Foil Marking System with Cable Permanently Imprinted with a 4 digit sequential number, marked in 1 foot or 500 millimeter increments. On/Off toggle switch, audible beeper and test switch. The unit is portable, self-contained, and trouble-free. Any length of twoconductor cable is available to 2000 feet maximum. Heavy-gauge metal case with high gloss enamel finish. Inexpensive flexible brass beaded electrode. Prompt shipment from stock on all orders, including replacement parts and repairs. Assurance of quality and satisfaction guaranteed. Brochure and Price List available upon request.



P.O. BOX 11591 Fresno, CA 93774 (559) 275-3030 Fax: (559) 275-2657 E-mail:

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Water Well Journal June 2011 51/

Living His Dream Sponsored by former employer A. O. Smith Corp., Tommy Gainey is fulfilling a goal of playing professional golf. BY MIKE PRICE n his soft, yes sir, no sir, “I’m country as it gets” South Carolina drawl, Tommy Gainey’s personality and game screams unconventional PGA Tour golf professional. The distinct twang in his accent to his baseball-like golf swing to playing with two gloves that led to his “Two Gloves” nickname, Gainey is living proof that being different works in professional golf. Yes, you can’t knock a man for staying true to form. “God gave me this ability and this talent to put it to good use and do great things, and that’s my plan,” says the 35-year-old whose playing career is continuing to ascend. Humility makes up a large part of this 6-foot, 180-pound professional golfer. It was born from his struggles to make it on the PGA Tour and his blue-


Mike Price is the associate editor of Water Well Journal. In addition to his WWJ responsibilities, Price produces NGWA’s newsletters and contributes to the Association’s quarterly scientific publication. He can be reached at

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collar upbringing in small-town Bishopville, South Carolina, 50 miles east of Columbia. His humbleness—not typically seen in today’s ego-driven, look-at-me sports world—is both honest and refreshing. It’s yet another trait of Gainey’s that runs against the grain. He is steadfast in saying money and fame will never change him, admitting “If that happens, I’ve lost. I just try to have fun with it. That’s what it’s all about.” It was never about huge paychecks or being seen by millions of viewers on television. No, what drove the funloving but determined Gainey ever since he was 15 was simple: to become a professional golfer. They say one needs talent and luck to do so. Gainey can attest to that, but when it came to making his dream a reality, he preferred the tried and true saying that “anything in life worth having is worth working for,” a lesson ingrained by parents who labored in the textile mill industry.

“He deserves every accolade that he ever achieves because nobody works harder than him,” says Tommy’s younger brother and best friend, Allen. Outside of talent, luck, or hard work, a circle of supporters composed of family and friends is critical to the success of a professional golfer. Many have backed Gainey financially, including his father, Tommy Sr., who dipped into his 401(k) savings to keep his son inching closer to reaching the PGA Tour. And now that he has arrived, Gainey wants more. Sponsored by former employer A. O. Smith Corp., a global manufacturer of residential and commercial water heating equipment, Gainey is vying to win his first PGA Tour event and qualify for The Masters Tournament. “Hopefully one day he’ll get his dream because life is about dreams,” Tommy Sr. says. ●●● It’s the mid-1990s, and Gainey is working at A. O. Smith’s engineering lab, testing hot water heaters at the company’s plant in McBee, South Carolina. He soon moves to wrapping insulation around the tanks on the assembly Twitter @WaterWellJournl

line, a no-frill, no-nonsense, $9.15 per hour position. He appreciates the work ethic required and gets more responsibility installing electrical parts. Golf is pushed to after work where he tees it up in the summer or on weekends. In case his dream doesn’t come true, Gainey receives a degree in industrial maintenance from Central Carolina Technical College just outside of Darlington. Living with his parents, trying to make a living, and shooting a round on occasion, life intrudes. Gainey’s friend, Cliff Wilson, pays most of his $750 entrance fee at the 1997 TearDrop Tour event in Columbia. With no paid time off, Gainey uses a couple of sick days and winds up winning his first pro start and $15,000. Wilson tells him he doesn’t want any of the winnings, just for Gainey to try golf full-time. Two years of chasing a career on the mini-tour throughout the Southeast ensue. When his parents begin having health problems, he returns to Bishopville. Back to the 9-to-5 grind, Gainey moves furniture until an opening at A. O. Smith’s plant opens. “I think the two stints at A. O. Smith were the difference in Tommy’s life,” says Tommy Sr., “because it showed him the difference of what most people have to do. That you have to get out there and work your tail off for a living.” In late 2002, friends chip in enough money for Gainey to play a Gateway Tour event in Myrtle Beach. He loses the title on the first playoff hole, but more importantly thinks “I can play with these guys.” After playing in Monday After The Masters, an annual charity function, Gainey gets an invitation to appear on the Golf Channel’s reality competition, “Big Break.” The competition is held in historic St. Andrews, Scotland, with Gainey known as a “small-town golfer from small-town USA.” His grip and unorthodox swing, with a flatter takeaway than most, causes him to stand out. His swing came from his days as a promising high school baseball player; the two-glove look how his father played golf. “When they saw him with the swing, the two gloves, there was a little bit of laughing,” Dan Higgins, the Golf ChanTwitter @WaterWellJournl

“God gave me this ability and this talent to put it to good use and do great things, and that’s my plan.” nel spokesman who was at St. Andrews with Gainey, tells the Associated Press. That changes when they see Gainey’s towering drives and accurate irons. Needing birdies on his final two holes to guarantee his first trip to the final stage, he gets them. The transformation of Gainey during the competition is evident to Higgins, who says he didn’t see a PGA Tour player when he arrived. “He began picking things up and taking things seriously.” But not too serious where fans didn’t see the real Tommy Gainey, a “good ol’ country boy” who endears himself to fans. “I thought he was a great fit because he appealed to the common man from his background and appealed to the common golfer with his golf swing,” his brother Allen says. ●●● Fondly remembered as the “BMW story,” Tommy Sr. labels it his proudest moment as Tommy’s father. Allen is caddying for Tommy at his first Nationwide Tour event, the BMW Charity Pro-Am at The Cliffs in May 2007 in Greenville, South Carolina. One shot off the lead heading into the final round, Tommy cards a 77 and misses the top 25 cutoff that would’ve qualified him for the following week. Walking the last hole, he begins handing out a dozen or so golf balls and three to four gloves to fans lining the fairway. Just his way of giving back to those who came out to the event. As Allen and Tommy exit the scoring tent, a father and his 3-year-old son approach them. “Al, do you have anything else I can sign for this kid?” Tommy asks. “No, Tommy” Allen says. The father and son begin to walk away when Tommy says, “Wait a minute,” removes his hat, signs it, and gives it to the boy. “That shows a little about the personality and character of my brother,” Allen says.

It’s also Allen’s proudest moment of his brother. The two talk every day, and Tommy says “no one knows my game better than him.” In December 2008, Gainey reached his lifelong ambition, earning his tour card by finishing tied for 19th at the PGA Q-School and finishing in second place to Davis Love III at the Children’s Miracle Network Classic at Disney. Once A. O. Smith saw Tommy turning golf into a career, the company elected to sponsor him in 2009, which was later extended through 2011. Even his sponsorship is unique in that it’s not a golf brand, allowing him to play with golf clubs of his choice. “Tommy’s going to be Tommy no matter if he makes millions of dollars on tour or if he’s working at the A. O. Smith plant,” says David Chisolm, marketing brand manager for A. O. Smith. He lives in Camden to remain close to his family. Still likes to practice by playing a round rather than work on his game at the range. Still likes barbeque and steak and potatoes. Still the playful but persistent dream chaser. “I owe a lot of thanks and credit and support to all of the people at A. O. Smith for giving me the opportunity to work there,” Tommy says. The career of Tommy “Two Gloves” Gainey is beginning to pick up steam. He has blossomed on the PGA Tour in 2011, making the cut more times than he ever has in a season and had back-toback third-place finishes in a pair of tournaments this year—one of which was The Heritage in his native South Carolina. Whether he wins a PGA Tour event or plays The Masters Tournament, one thing is certain. “He treats the other guys like you want to be treated,” Tommy Sr. says. “He did it on the mini-tour. It’s just in his blood. He’s made himself into the man that every father would be proud of.” WWJ As of May 2, in 14 events this season, Tommy Gainey has made nine cuts, finished in the top 10 four times, and banked $1.25 million, enough to secure his playing privileges for 2012. To follow Gainey, visit his Web site at Water Well Journal June 2011 53/



June 6–10/ 16th Annual Contaminated and Hazardous Waste Site Management Course: Theory, Practice and Outdoor Field Demonstrations/ Toronto, Ontario. Web: June 12–16/ American Water Works Association’s 130th Annual Conference & Exposition: ACE11/ Washington, D.C. Web: June 14–17/ Hydrogeology Field Methods Course: What You Didn’t Learn in School/ Andover, Minnesota. PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail:, Web: www July 18–19/ Groundwater Systems: Managing the Resource/ Chicago, Illinois. PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail:, Web: July 27–29/ A Field Experience for Earth Science Teachers—Learn About Groundwater and Wells/ Flagstaff, Arizona. PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail:, Web:

July 30–August 1/ South Atlantic Well Drillers Jubilee/ Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. Web: August 8–9/ Groundwater: Cities, Suburbs, and Growth Areas—Remedying the Past and Managing for the Future/ Los Angeles, California. PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail:, Web: www August 21–27/ World Water Week/ Stockholm, Sweden. Web: August 23–24/ Declining Groundwater Levels: Measuring, Monitoring, and Mitigation—An NGWA Virtual Conference Online/ PH: (800) 551-7379. Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail: customerservice, Web: September 13/ Protect Your Groundwater Day/ PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 8987786, E-mail:, Web: September 18/ World Water Monitoring Day/ Web: www.worldwatermonitoring

BOREHOLE GEOPHYSICAL LOGGING SYSTEMS For Ground Water Applications *Aquifer Properties* *Screen Location*

*Deviation* *Video*

*Flow* *ELog*

September 19–20/ Environmental Forensics/ Albuquerque, New Mexico. PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail:, Web: September 21/ Road Salt in Groundwater and Environmental Impacts Webinar Online/ PH: (800) 551-7379. Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail: customerservice, Web: September 26–27/ NGWA Focus Conference on Fractured Rock and Eastern Groundwater Regional Issues/ Burlington, Vermont. PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail: customerservice, Web: October 4–6/ 2011 Groundwater Foundation National Conference and Groundwater Guardian and Green Sites Designation Celebration—Let’s Keep It Clean: Exploring a Collaborative Approach to Groundwater Protection/ Omaha, Nebraska. Web: www.ground October 13–15/ Washington State Ground Water Association Convention/ Everett, Washington. Web: October 21/ 2011 South Carolina Ground Water Association Fall Meeting/ Columbia, South Carolina. PH: (803) 356-6809, Fax: (803) 356-6826, E-mail: scgwa@sc, Web: November 3–5/ California Groundwater Association 2011 Annual Convention and Trade Show/ Reno, Nevada. PH: (707) 578-4408 November 8–9/ Indiana Ground Water Association 2011 Convention/ West Lafayette, Indiana. PH: (317) 889-2382 November 11/ 2011 Ohio Water Well Association Annual Convention and Trade Show/ Location TBA. PH: (937) 278-0308



Mount Sopris Instruments, 4975 E. 41 Ave., Denver, CO 80216 ph: 303.279.3211 fx: 303.279.2730 Circle card no. 23

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November 29–December 2/ 2011 NGWA Ground Water Expo and Annual Meeting/ Las Vegas, Nevada. PH: (800) 551-7379, Fax: (614) 898-7786, E-mail:, Web: *Dates shown in red are National Ground Water Association events. *Dates shown with are events where the National Ground Water Research and Educational Foundation’s McEllhiney Lecture will be presented.

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Become a Certified Vertical Closed Loop Driller. Set yourself head and shoulders above the rest. NGWA’s Certified Vertical Closed Loop Driller—CVCLD— designation demonstrates to your customers that you’ve taken that extra step to set yourself head and shoulders above the competition, protect groundwater, and obtain optimal system performance when it comes to the construction of closed loop well systems for ground source heat pump applications. Prove your real-world knowledge, experience, skills, and competency by passing a 75-question multiple-choice exam. Call PSI LaserGrade, the administrator of NGWA’s certification exams, at 800 211.2754 (360 896.9111 outside the United States) to schedule your exam at any one of its more than 1,000 locations.




national ground water association


For more information on the CVCLD, as well as other certifications offered through NGWA, visit or call NGWA customer service at 800 551.7379 or 614 898.7791.

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NEWSMAKERS NEW ADDITION Aries Industries Inc., a water well video inspection systems manufacturer headquartered in Waukesha, Wisconsin, has added Nick Kroll as president and CEO to lead the organization toward continued Nick Kroll growth domestically and globally. Kroll joins Aries Industries with a background in business development, strategic planning, acquisitions, organizational development, and customer service focused primarily on the industrial marketplace. AWARDS Boart Longyear’s Diamond Drillers were nominated for the De Beers Canada 2010 CEO Award for Safety, Health, and Environment for their impeccable safety record at the Snap Lake Mine for not only 2010, but the life of the mine. Boart Longyear drilling teams have been working underground at Snap

Lake Mine, which is located about 140 miles northeast of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, for five years and have never had a lost time injury. The National Safety Council honored Schneider Electric North America with the 2011 Green Cross for Safety Medal for its outstanding achievement in workplace and off-the-job safety. Schneider Electric, a global specialist in energy management, is the first Green Cross for Safety honoree to also win NSC’s Robert W. Campbell Award, which recognizes organizations that demonstrate world-class operational safety, environmental, and health performance. Water For People and CEO Ned Breslin were recipients of the 2011 Skoll Award for Social Entrepreneurship by the Skoll Foundation. Water For People and Breslin were honored for their work to create sustainable, locally-maintained drinking water and sanitation solutions in developing countries. The Skoll Foundation chooses each year a select group of social entrepreneurs and their organizations working around the world

in the areas of tolerance and human rights, health, environmental sustainability, peace and security, and economic and social equity. BUSINESS GROWTH Grundfos Pumps Corp., one of the world’s largest pump manufacturers with companies in more than 50 countries throughout the world including the United States, announced that 2010 yielded the best results for the company, which is headquartered in Denmark. The 2010 sales reached $3.7 billion, compared to $3.2 billion in 2009. Godwin Pumps, manufacturer of the Dri-Prime automatic self-priming, dryrunning pump, has announced the opening of a new branch office in Dallas, Texas. The office is co-located with ITT Flowtronics. The new facility provides sales, rentals, and service of the DriPrime, hydraulic submersible Heidra, and gasoline-powered Wet-Prime pumps. Also available are pipe, hose, and other accessories.

GeoVISION Borehole Cameras TM

By Marks Products Inc. For a free DVD, call (800) 255-1353 or e-mail

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Some features of the GeoVISIONTM Deluxe System: ● Excellent video from places that no other systems will work. ● Five cable lengths for video inspection to 2000 feet underwater. ● Six interchangeable camera heads for use in bores from 1 inch to many feet in diameter. ● Motorized pan-tilt for use in mines and wells over 4 inches in diameter. Dual Scan micro camera for easy switching between down and side views All GeoVISIONTM systems come with excellent support, practical advice, and repair service. Circle card no. 21

Circle card no. 41

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NEWSMAKERS McElroy Manufacturing, a designer, manufacturer, and marketer of fusion equipment, announced the addition of two new international distributors. The authorized distributors are OPD Solutions of Norway and Gulf Services and Industrial Supplies Co. LLC of Oman. The Connecticut Water Co., a wholly owned subsidiary of Connecticut Water Service Inc., announced that it has completed the acquisition of the Green Springs Water Co. in Madison, Connecticut. NSF International, an independent public health and safety organization, has opened a new chlorine resistance testing laboratory at its headquarters in Ann Arbor, Michigan. NSF’s engineers work directly with companies to meet their needs for chlorine resistance testing, research and development projects, and pre-production testing. CHARITY Abanaki Corp., which has specialized in oil skimming technology for more

than 40 years, acknowledged Earth Day 2011 by donating $1 per oil skimmer and oil skimmer belt sold through the end of May to Charity: Water, a nonprofit organization working to bring clean and safe drinking water to people in developing nations. Hach Co., a developer of solutions used to test the quality of water, liquids, and air based in Loveland, Colorado, donated $35,000 in cash and products to support Water For People’s sustainable clean water and sanitation projects in Honduras and a country in Africa. APPOINTMENT Geothermal Exchange Organization announced that Douglas A. Dougherty has accepted the position of president. Prior to accepting his new position with GEO, Dougherty was president of the Illinois Telecommunications Doug Dougherty Association.


Dynasonics, a division of Racine Federated Inc., unveiled a new divisional logo. This has been a critical year in Dynasonics’ growth and development with the introduction of new products, including an ultrasonic hybrid portable flowmeter and new market expansion. Do you have any news about your company or someone at your firm? If so, send all the necessary information to: Mike Price, Water Well Journal, 601 Dempsey Rd., Westerville, OH 43081. E-mail: Deadline is 15th of two months preceding publication (June 15 for August issue).

Gain military guidance on drilling — without enlisting. The Procedures for Well Drilling Operations CD is an invaluable guide for those who plan, design, and drill water wells, as well as an excellent resource for those studying for NGWA contractor certification testing. Taken from a manual put together by the U.S. Air Force, Army, and Navy, this CD focuses on techniques and procedures for installing wells. Topics covered range from drilling methods and alternative well construction to pumps and well performance testing procedures. To order your copy of Procedures for Well Drilling Operations, visit the NGWA bookstore at or call 800 551.7379 (614 898.7791). Procedures for Well Drilling Operations Catalog #T050

NGWA member price $25.00 Nonmember price $32.50 Twitter @WaterWellJournl

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Water Well Journal June 2011 57/



Solinst Offers Flexible Multilevel Monitoring System

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Obtain quality subsurface data using a Solinst CMT Multilevel System. CMT systems monitor multiple depth discrete zones within a single borehole. Ideal for direct push installations, Solinst 3Channel CMT Multilevel Systems provide assessors with soil gas and groundwater data in narrow applications. Bentonite cartridges fit conveniently over the 1.1-inch tubing to

reliably seal monitoring zones, while accompanying sand cartridges complete the installations. CMT systems work well for shallow applications to 150 feet


and are ideal for vertical profiling. Monitor up to seven discrete zones in the 1.7-inch system. The single tube offers effective sealing. Monitoring zones packed off using bentonite eliminate vertical contamination between sandpacked sampling ports. The design makes it efficient and easy to drill and install in one day. The system flexibility allows port locations and monitoring strategy to be finalized right on site. Circle card no. 50

Boart Longyear Releases New Safety Tooling to Combat Hand Injuries

Boart Longyear, a global integrated drilling products and services provider, has developed two new products to combat hand injuries on the job: the Rod Lifter and the Split Tube Loader. The Boart Longyear Rod Lifter is a handheld and lightweight solution that is ergonomically designed to allow proper lifting techniques, keep the wrist and hand in a neutral position to eliminate strain, and protect fingers from pinch points and sharp surfaces. The Rod Lifter also prevents thread damage and eliminates pipe slippage through the use of a specially designed carbide rod grip. Split tubes and outer casing can become sharp and often contain metal burrs, and drillers often suffer hand lacerations and other injuries due to these conditions, even when wearing proper protective gloves. The Boart Longyear Split Tube Loader is designed to eliminate hand contact with these sharp, jagged edges. Designed to fit multiple split tube diameters, the Split Tube Loader fits comfortably in the hand and keeps fingers away from dangerous contact points. Circle card no. 51

Pentair Launches a Heavyweight in AquaMatic Stager Controllers


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The new AquaMatic NXT Stager Controller from Pentair Residential Filtration can be described as a heavyweight in the water industryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s stager controllers for its ability to fine-tune stager operation for almost every application. It features a new intuitive inter-

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FEATURED mid-size Rovver crawler: a detachable remote-operated camera lift, three illuminated onboard cameras (forward pan/tilt/zoom, cable view, and elevated rear-view), integrated sensor package (sonde, dual lasers, inclination, roll), and concurrent control for all system functions. face for controlling AquaMatic valves, an enhanced 2×16 full-text backlit display, detailed intuitive readouts, and user-friendly programming. The controller also features diagnostic feedback, power backup, and a number of other options designed to meet the customers’ needs. Under the Pentair Water brand, the new AquaMatic NXT Stager Controller is available in the 48ES and 51ES Series configurations.

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WorldWide Electric Becomes Exclusive Distributor of Hyundai’s Low-Voltage Electric Motor Line


less steel pumps can operate to 500 feet. Double valve pumps are ideal for lowflow sampling as well as for higher purge rates. They can be fitted with packers to control groundwater flow and limit purge requirements. Portable pumps come with tubing on a freestanding reel, while dedicated versions come with tubing and well caps ideal for long-term monitoring. Pumps can be disassembled in minutes for easy decontamination. Circle card no. 55

Flexi-Drive Remote Valve Operator for Power and Process Industries

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Rovver X Crawler Inspects Farther into Pipes

Steerable six-wheel drive, adaptable architecture, and portability have made Rovver, created by Envirosight LLC, a respected brand in pipe inspection. The new Rovver X enhances them with an extended crawl range (1000 feet with options up to 1650 feet), ultra-portable three-piece layout, and a powerful WinCan-compatible touchscreen control pendant with digital recording. A bolton carriage broadens Rovver X’s stance and raises its height, letting you inspect six 48-inch pipes with the camera centered using just a single crawler. The new pendant captures MPEG video and JPEG images, and logs observations for direct upload to WinCan. Twin multifunction joysticks keep operation simple and natural, while handy macros automate everyday inspection routines. The pendant accepts USB media and connects via Rovver-Link for remote diagnostics and firmware updates. Rovver X also delivers several other firsts for a Twitter @WaterWellJournl

WorldWide Electric announced that it has reached a long-term agreement with Hyundai Heavy Industries to be the exclusive master distributor and representative for Hyundai’s low-voltage electric motor line for North America. The product line includes Premium Efficient TEFC, IEEE-841, IEC aluminum frame, IEC cast iron, marine duty, and explosion proof motors. Circle card no. 54

High Quality Double Valve Pumps from Solinst Provide Consistent Samples

Solinst Model 408 double valve pumps are positive displacement gas drive pumps providing consistent samples and excellent VOC sample results. Pumps are available in stainless steel ⅝-inch diameter, and in either stainless steel or PVC 1.66-inch diameter. PVC pumps operate to 100 feet while stain-

Allowing remote operation of valves located in hard-to-reach or dangerous areas, Smith Flow Control offers the Flexi-Drive valve actuator. Flexi-Drive has proven effective for use in the power industry and chemical, petrochemical, and oil processing industries. Flexi-Drive attaches to the host valve with no modifications required. A patented flexible linear drive cable connects the valve to a handwheel up to 200 feet away, accommodating 540 degrees of bends in the cable run. The system can be passed around and through walls, bulkheads, and floors and is completely sealed and permanently lubricated for maintenance-free operation. Flexi-Drive is completely submersible, operating in water up to 50 feet. It is constructed from corrosion-resistant 316 stainless steel, and designed to withstand temperatures from –65° to 400°F. The FlexiDrive’s clutching system replaces the sheer pins used by similar products, ensuring reliable operation throughout its 20,000 valve cycle service life. Circle card no. 56

Water Well Journal June 2011 59/

Classified Advertising/Marketplace 15 Bits Bits, subs, stabilizers, hole openers, etc. Over 10,000 bits in stock.

R L C Bit Service Inc. 8643 Bennett Rd. P.O. Box 714 Benton, IL 62812 Ph: (618) 435-5000 Cell: (618) 927-2676 Cell: (618) 927-5586 Fax: (618) 438-0026

3 Appraisals

Palmer Bit Company has been recognized worldwide for providing the highest quality bits to the drilling industry for over 50 years. We manufacture bits for drilling everything from clays to limestone. With our experience we can help lower your bit cost, with the proper bit selection for your drilling conditions. We are available 24/7 to assist you with any questions you may have. Call 800-421-2487 Satisfaction Guaranteed MC/VISA accepted

Jason Corn E-mail: Rick Corn E-mail:

57 Direct Push Supplies

18 Breakout Tools Manufacturer of Pre-Pack Screens

Equipment Appraisals


i Standard Pre-Pack

Nationally recognized and accredited equipment appraisals for water well drill rigs and well drilling equipment for banks, lenders, mergers, accountants, estate planning, IRS, and auctions. Experienced, knowledgeable, and recognized worldwide in the water well drilling industry. Accurate and confidential appraisal reports.

SEmCO Inc. All Hydraulic Hydrorench S110H In Stock 1-10 Four Rollers Breaks Pipe make Pipe to Torque Specs 800-541-1562

i Economy Pre-Pack

When You Would Set A Traditional Well When Cost Is A Factor

i 20% Open Area High Yield Pre-Pack For Use In Low Yield Wells

i All Stainless Steel Pre-Pack For Aggressive Groundwater Environments

i Non-Metal Pre-Pack When Metal Components Are Not Compatible

i Annular Seals Foam Bridges, Bentonite & Quick-Sleeves

i Multiple Sizes Available

1/2-in, 3/4-in, 1-in, 1.25-in, 1.5-in, 2-in **We Stock Geoprobe Compatible Supplies & Tooling** *Proactive Pumps Master Distributor* ®



Toll Free 1-888-240-4328 Phone: 1-609-631-8939 i Fax: 1-609-631-0993 i i

Put your company’s message here!

19 Bucket Drill Rigs

Classified advertising is a great way to reach the water well industry.

E q U I P m E N T WA N T E D

Call Shelby to make arrangements at 1-800-551-7379 ext 523.

Gus Pech bucket/boring rigs, any condition. Support equipment, buckets, etc. Other brand considered. (816) 517-4532 / Jared Sisk

60/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

75 Electric Motors EQUIPMENT WANTED: Electric motors wanted. Vertical hollow shaft pump motors. 20 to 500 hp good or bad, will pick up. PH: (800) 541-1562.

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

60 Down Hole Inspection

80 Employment

Waterwell Camera Inspection Systems

HELP WANTED: Looking for an experienced pump installer. Submersible, line shaft, and well rehab a must. Send resume to HELP WANTED: Estimator/service manager/customer service position needed for well drilling company located in central New Jersey. Applicant must have experience with scheduling and dispatching crews, knowledge of water pumps/fittings, and able to work under pressure in fast paced environment. Experience with water treatment a plus. Full time. Benefits included. Email resume and salary requirements to

Century Geophysical Corporation 1223 S. 71st E. Ave., Tulsa, OK U.S.A. 74112 Phone (918) 838-9811 Fax (918) 838-1532

• Portable, Truck or Trailer mounted. • Retrofit compatible with Laval and most geophysical logging winches. • Full repair service and spare parts for CCV, Boretech, Wellcam and Laval cameras and controllers. • Forward and 360 degree side wall viewing color cameras. • Depths to 5,000 feet.

CCV Engineering & Manufacturing An Aries Industries Company

71 Drilling Equipment

800-671-0383 • 559-291-0383 Fax: 559-291-0463 E-mail: On the web at

99 Geothermal Services Over 600 distributors nationwide & Canada. NSF Approved Polyethylene Fittings & Pipe Residential & Commercial Flow Centers Radiant Buffer Tanks

MD 510 Geothermal Drill


137 Services REPAIRS: Eastman deviation survey clocks (mechanical drift indicators) repaired. We also have three, six, and twelve degree angle units, charts, and other accessories in stock. Call Downhole Clock Repair, (325) 660-2184.

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

Did you know? Water Well Journal classified advertisementsappear online (at no additional cost) each month at

Check it out! Water Well Journal June 2011 61/

98 Generators

90 Equipment New Low Prices

The perfect solution for poor well yield is only a click way. DRILLING EQUIPMENT Mobile Generators  Use on wells yielding as little as 0.10 gpm.  Turn-key collection and delivery system.  Fits through 24â&#x20AC;? doors.  Good money from bad wells. For more information, log-on or call 800-211-8070. Š Reid Plumbing Products, LLC

101 Grouters Phone: (540) 982-8001 Fax: (540) 342-0546 NEW, USED, RENTALS ž Best in Class Starting ž Rugged & Reliable ž High Performance

105 Injection Pumps

EVER DREAM OF GROUTING A 500â&#x20AC;&#x2122; 6â&#x20AC;? GEOTHERMAL BOREHOLE IN APPROXIMATELY 30 MINUTES? GEO-LOOP MAKES THIS DREAM A REALITY! (or a 330â&#x20AC;&#x2122; 5â&#x20AC;? borehole in approximately 15 minutes) The new Geo-Loop continuous flow 2 Tank 35-500 Diesel Grouter can cut your grouting time in less than half. This new grouter is Well Manager capable of grouting up to 30Classified GPM Display Ad continuous flow for a non-stop â&#x20AC;&#x153;Solutionâ&#x20AC;? grouting operation. The all new WaterEZWell Journal Load 6000 Sand Loader holds B&Wwell 2 col 4.25â&#x20AC;? x 2â&#x20AC;? over 6000# of sand to allow the 5-15-09 operator to grout deep geothermal 1345 WM boreholes without having to refill. Check out our full line of grout pumps and accessories at: 1-800-580-5965 or 1-712-434-2125



3#;+;  /87   ,  /0  1.   0 1,, 

139 Slotting Machines

2 #""1" 34

J & K To o l C o m p a n y

, 51  6 . , /% 1%  /. 7

PVC Screen Slotting machines

PVC Threading machines

, 1 ,. . 7 *,  9,* 

Perforating machines

8,: *,, *,       !!"#$ %&'!!"(#)#!*+&'!!"(#)!$)# *, -* ,.  


62/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

Affordable, easy to operate automated machines with touch screen programming. Tel 320-563-4967  Fax 320-563-8051

Didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t find what you were looking for? Try NGWAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Career Center at for more opportunities. Whether you are looking for the right job or the right employee, the NGWA Career Center can provide you with an industry-specific listing to hone your search. Questions? Call Rachel at 800 551.7379, ext 504, or e-mail at

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

76 Elevators J & K To o l C o m p a n y I n c .     

Kwik Klamps 1 & 2 (adjustable 1â&#x20AC;&#x201C;2 or 21â &#x201E;2â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 4) NEW â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Kwik Klamp 3 (for 6 PVC) Elevators for PVC well casing (sizes 1â&#x20AC;&#x201C;16) Heavy Duty PVC Elevators (sizes 6â&#x20AC;&#x201C;8) Flush Joint PVC Pipe Clamps (sizes 4â&#x20AC;&#x201C;24) Tel 320-563-4967  Fax 320-563-8051

1 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 16 Elevators All steel with safety latch. SEMCO of Lamar 800-541-1562 Fax 719-336-2402 Credit Cards Accepted

Standard Manufacturing Largest water well pipe elevator manufacturing company in the United States.


(936) 336-6200 (800) 337-0163 Fax: (936) 336-6212 E-Mail: StandardManufacturing Web site:

Dealers Wanted

SkyRex Water Well Elevators 2 thru 36 Also lightweight PVC elevators Now Available! â&#x20AC;&#x153;Complete Reverse Circulation Drill Stringsâ&#x20AC;?

Rex McFadden 7931 19th Lubbock, TX 70407

Ph (806) 791-3731 Fax (806) 791-3755

116 Mud Systems DESANDER

115 Mud Pumps Hydraulic drive mud pumps â&#x20AC;&#x201D;small and lightweightâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;


mUD mIXER Cm Consulting & Equipment Jerry mason Specialist in your drilling and grouting problems. 1640 Oppenheimer Rd., Bedford, PA 15522

(814) 623-1675

(814) 623-7285 FAX

71/210 duplex pump â&#x20AC;˘ Fits in the place of a 56 â&#x20AC;˘ Pumps 300 GPM at up to 800 PSI â&#x20AC;˘ Weighs 1000 lbs. less than a 56 â&#x20AC;˘ Single and three cylinder models also available U.S Pat. #6,769,884 and others pending

Centerline Manufacturing 903-725-6978

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8V H G 03    6& PRXQW H G R Q  W U D L O H U   I D F W R U \ F H U W L I L H G   L QF O X G H V    PR  QH Z ZD U U D QW \       F D O O      

Add a color to your display classified ad for only $49. Please call Shelby to make arrangements 1-800-551-7379 ext. 523

Water Well Journal June 2011 63/

106 Installation Accessories

 ATTENTION  Buy Direct from manufacturer Why pay retail â&#x20AC;&#x201D; when you can buy direct We ship any amount to anywhere

Select Environmental Supplies LLC P.O. Box 6036 Concord, NC 28027 56 monitoring Well manhole 87 1â &#x201E;2 monitoring Well manhole 812 monitoring Well manhole

$18.25/ea. $22.15/ea. $23.35/ea.

OBSERVATION MONITORING WELL MANHOLES â&#x20AC;˘ H-20 Load Rating â&#x20AC;˘ 2-Bolt with O-Ring (9â &#x201E;16) Bolt Head â&#x20AC;˘ Galvanized Skirts with Welded Seam â&#x20AC;˘ Aluminum I.D. Tags â&#x20AC;˘ Stainless Bolts & Washers with Neoprene Washer

We carry prepacked screens and other testing supplies.

Heat Shrink from B & B Wholesale Why pay higher prices for lower quality products? Check out the prices on our Heat Shrink Splice Kits. 3â&#x20AC;&#x201C;Wire Kit (for #10/12/14, clear) $1.82 ea. 4â&#x20AC;&#x201C;Wire Kit (for #10/12/14, clear) 2.22 ea. 1 â &#x201E;2  3 Tubes (clear) .45 ea. 1 â &#x201E;2  48 Tubes (clear) 8.81 ea.

â&#x20AC;&#x201C; custom kits for up to 4/0 wire â&#x20AC;&#x201C; volume pricing available â&#x20AC;&#x201C; labeling available â&#x20AC;&#x201C; choose from 3 types of shrink tubes â&#x20AC;&#x201C; also available is a large selection of installation accessories such as pressure gauges, tapes, tank fittings packages, and valves.


Call (704) 467-6092 or (704) 425-7838 Fax (704) 795-1638 Visit our Web site We accept Visa and masterCard

132 Rig Equipment

   !!   " #  $

 %&'() $*!!        + ,-+(.  + + /   +

+ +  +(   ,0.$.

140 Spring Boxes offers the most complete assortment of heat shrink splice kits available. Choose from standard kits for wire sizes 14 thru 4. A full range of step down and transition kits as well as splices for wire sizes up to 4/0 are in stock for immediate shipment. sells only premium quality heat shrink kits. Select from the following kits for 10-12-14 wire A4C 4 tubes & 4 connectors $2.06 A3C* 3 tubes & 4 connectors $1.72 A3C 3 tubes & 3 connectors $1.66 Quantity pricing available for multiples of 50 Visit our online store at for complete product descriptions. Call 1-866-766-2730

( 01,0$ (2 3  ( *45+(6+.


8 + +*549$ + 8$ +-+:

+03 +0

64/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

125 Pump Hoists 2011 models S4,000 Pump Hoist, 8,000# cap., 35 telescoping mast, 30 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 5T safety hook, hydro controls and variable speed engine control . . . . . . . . . . . . $14,245 S6,000 Pump Hoist, 16,000# 3L cap., 35 telescoping mast, 30 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 5T safety hook, hydro controls and variable speed engine control . . . . . $16,445

oil tank, hydro pump, 15T safety hook, hydro control and variable speed engine control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$61,545 S30,000 Pump Hoist, 120,000# 4L cap, 40 telescoping mast, 6000# tail out line, 100 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 15T safety hook, hydro control and variable speed engine control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$76,945

New Equipment in Stock

S8,000 Pump Hoist, 22,000# 3L cap., 36 telescoping mast, 30 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 7T safety hook, hydro controls and variable speed engine control . . . . . $20,845

S6,000, 35 , PTO, RC, PR, 2 spd., aux., blue and white, 11 bed, toolboxes, 2011 Dodge Ram 5500, 6.7L diesel, 6 spd., automatic, 44, white . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $77,598

S10,000 Pump Hoist, 30,000# 3L cap., 40 telescoping mast, 30 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 9T safety hook, hydro controls and variable speed engine control . . . . . $28,545

S30,000, 56 , PTO, BO, BC outriggers, cathead, 2 spd., sandreel, AB for SR, aux., oil cooler, light kit, power arm, power tong hookup, bed, toolboxes, 2009 Sterling L8500, Cummins 10 spd., AB, AC . . . . . . $224,388

S12,000 Pump Hoist, 48,000# 4L cap., 44 telescoping mast, 6000# tail out line, 72 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 11T safety hook, hydro controls and variable speed engine control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $32,945

Used Equipment in Stock M32 Jessen, RC, PR, SB w/1992 GMC Top Kick, 3116 Cat, 5 spd. . . . . . . . . . . $19,500

S15,000 Pump Hoist, 60,000# 4L cap, 48 telescoping mast, 6000# tail out line, 72 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 13T safety hook, hydro controls and variable speed engine control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $40,645

M33 Monitor, 1-PR, SB, 1995 Ford F-350, gas, 5 spd., 42, white . . . . . . . . . $18,900

S20,000 Pump Hoist, 80,000# 4L cap, 40 telescoping mast, 6000# tail out line, 72 gal. oil tank, hydro pump, 13T safety hook, hydro controls and variable speed engine control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$53,845

S12,000H SEMCO, 44 , SR, 2 spd., aux., light kit, steel bed, toolboxes, 2006 Intl. 4300, DT466, 6 spd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $92,107

S25,000 Pump Hoist, 100,000# 4L cap, 40 telescoping mast, 6000# tail out line, 100 gal.

5T Smeal, 1-PR, flatbed, toolboxes, 2004 Ford F-650, Cummins, 42, white . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$34,950

S12,000H SEMCO, 48 , 2 spd., SR, oil cooler, aux., PR, light kit, 16 bed, toolbox, power tong hookup, 2004 Intl. 4300, DT 466E, D, 6 spd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $75,344

S15,000 SEMCO, 48 , PTO, SR, 3-aux., 2 spd., oil cooler, light kit, power arm, power tong hookup, toolbox, 16 bed, 2002 Sterling M7500, Acterra, MBE 200, 6 spd., diesel, black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $76,391 S25,000 SEMCO, 52 , BO, 2 spd., SR, oil cooler, light kit, power arm, 20 bed, toolbox, 2005 Freightliner M2 . . . . . . . . . . $138,702 S30,000 SEMCO, 52 , BO, 2 spd., SR, oil cooler, light kit, power arm, 18 bed, toolbox, 2007 Freightliner MBE 4000, 10 spd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$170,446 S30,000 SEMCO, 56 , BO, 2 spd., SR, oil cooler, light kit, power arm, 20 bed, toolbox, 2005 Intl. 8600 ext. cab, Cat C13, 10 spd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $178,995 S30,000 SEMCO, 56 , 2 spd., SR, BO, BC outriggers, cathead, aux., oil cooler, light kit, power arm, power tong hookup, 22 bed, toolbox, 2009 Sterling L8500, Cummins 10 spd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $224,388

SEMCO Inc. P.O. Box 1216 7695 U.S. Highway 287 North Lamar, CO 81052 (719) 336-9006 / (800) 541-1562 Fax (719) 336-2402 See our ad on page 29.

Pump Hoists For Sale These two rigs are in immaculate condition and ready to work. Jessen type 12 ton rig on a 1996 GMC Topkick with Cat diesel, only 51k miles, like new. Loaded with welder, air, torch, and lots of tool storage. Asking $85,000. Jessen M33 on a 2002 Dodge Ram 3500 diesel with 165k miles and a utility box. Rig is refurbished to like new. Asking $35,000.

Did you know? Water Well Journal classified advertisements appear online (at no additional cost) each month at

Check it out!

Rick Dreiling ● Dreiling Pump and Supply Inc. ● Fort Collins, CO (970) 686-7676 ●

Add a color to your display classified ad for only $49. Please call Shelby to make arrangements 1-800-551-7379 ext. 523 Twitter @WaterWellJournl

Water Well Journal June 2011 65/

128 Pump Pullers

135 Rigs


Weber Group LC Contact Kelly 480-229-0748

FOR SALE: 1990 Drilltech T25K2W – 840/350 air 400 rod 8 casing hammer w/10 bit, 6 Rockhog w/bit, 400 extra rod, bits, 3 hammers, 3 stabilizers, extra parts on Ford chassis 1990 LTN8000, all run great. Unmounted 5T Smeal also available. $125,000. Call (732) 748-3888.



973-697-2008 P.O. Box 155, Stockholm, NJ 07460


FOR SALE: Failing Jed-A. Detroit 3-53 engine on the draw works and rotary table. 5.9L Cummins engine on the mud pump. 380 of 8 flanged drill pipe. 260 of 5 flanged drill pipe. 24, 30, and 36 drag and roller bits. Also rock trap, stabilizers, heavy drill collar, and kelley hose. Asking $150,000 for rig, spare parts, extra tooling. Call (765) 459-4125. Ask Mark for more information if interested. FOR SALE: 2000 Drilltech D25KW mounted on Sterling truck w/400 drill steel; 1997 Ford L9000, 225 Bobcat Miller welder. $225,000. Call (276) 596-0001 or (276) 596-0056.


fax 860-658-4288

To place a classified advertisement in Water Well Journal, please send ad text to Shelby Fleck by e-mail at or fax to 614 898.7786. Upon receipt, you will be contacted and provided a quote. Thank you!

66/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

FOR SALE: 1977 Gus Pech boring rig with all additions and CAT deck engine. Extensive tools. Excellent condition. Call (515) 547-2575.

1998 Ford F-800 diesel. 88,333 miles. Bucyrus Erie 20W pump rig with a 353 Detroit Diesel deck engine. Truck and rig in excellent working order. The unit was rebuilt including the main shafts and clutches. Asking $30,000. Tooling available at extra cost.

1985 Ford F-800 diesel. 193,000 miles. Bucyrus Erie pump rig with 353 Detroit Diesel deck engine. Truck and rig in working order. Rig rebuilt including main clutches and shafts. $30,000.

Enid Drill Systems Inc 580-234-5971 Fax 580-234-5980

4510 E Market, Enid, OK 73701 USA


New rigs—custom designs


Quality rig repair service


New and used equipment needs


“Transfer of Technology” - the must have book for all drillers!

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

176 Water Level Measurement w w w. w e l l p r o b e . c o m Sonic Water Level Meters Since 1978 Time Tested & Customer Approved 303-443-9609

Ground Water Monitoring Instrumentation

Phone: 760-384-1085

Fax: 760-384-0044

Geokon, Inc. manufactures high quality hydrological instrumentation suitable for a variety of ground water monitoring applications. Geokon instruments utilize vibrating wire technology providing measurable advantages and proven long-term stability. The World Leader in Vibrating Wire Technology Geokon, Incorporated 48 Spencer Street Lebanon, New Hampshire 03766 | USA


1 • 603 • 448 • 1562 1 • 603 • 448 • 3216

Waterline Envirotech Water level indicators made in the USA for over 30 years.


180 Water Trucks Specializing in quality custom built epoxy coated Flattanks any gallon or tank length sizes with or without material handling ImT cranes. All tanks are sandblasted and painted with polyurethane paint. many options available.

180 Water Trucks FOR SALE: 2000 Sterling. 48,000 miles. 300 hp Cat, aluminum wheels, 8LL tran. 18F., 40R. 1800 gal. water bed, 150 gal. fuel tank. North Carolina. Cell (910) 639-1548. Engineered for convenience and durability, allows the user to operate at any type of drilling operation. Our drill site rig tenders are built with simplicity and functionality. Call us for our used truck – new tank inventory list.

NORTHWEST FLATTANKS Steve Wipf (406) 466-2146 E-mail:

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

Check out our new Web site

Cell (406) 544-5914

Water Well Journal June 2011 67/

178 Water Treatment Kensington Village Community Water Treatment Plant Hyde Park, NY 12538 Decommissioning of Plant for Sale

AER-MAXsystems for sulfur and iron problems

All equipment including well pumps/brand new filters

EASY AS 1, 2,3!

All prices negotiable — for complete listing contact Lynn or Janet at River management or (845) 485-5136 ext. 126/fax (845) 454-9321

185 Well Rehab

Naturally Clean Water

Maximizes Air Injection No Caustic Chemicals

Call for a FREE Catalog

get rid of

Iron Bacteria first time, every time! ... coliform too!

Air Pump Water Solutions, Inc.

10983-E Guilford Road • Annapolis Junction, MD 20701


1-877-4-AER-MAX 1-877-423-7629

Well rehab by design, not by accident!

Phone 952-474-4657

184 Well Packers

160 Trucks 6, 30-Freightliner Trucks 6 60 Series Detroit, HT740, Allison Trans., Rockwell Axle, 68KGVW, 315/80 R22.5 Michelin, Low Miles SEMCO, Inc. Phone (800) 541-1562 68/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

360.552.6662 Twitter @WaterWellJournl Prompt Shipping in the US & Internationally

184 Well Packers

186 Well Screens Patent No. 6,868,904

Quality - Service - Price

Is Our Commitment to you!


Serving Your Complete Packer Needs i INFLATABLE PACKERS - Water Well, Environmental, Pressure Grout, Wireline. Custom Sizes & Fabrication available i MECHANICAL PACKERS - Freeze Plugs, Custom Applications Call or email us with all your Packer questions!!

Toll-Free: 1-888-572-2537 Fax # : 253-770-0327

Â&#x201E; 3/4-inch Â&#x201E; 1-inch Â&#x201E; 1.25-inch Â&#x201E; 1.5-inch Â&#x201E; 2-inch

Email: Web:

Prompt Shipping in the US & Internationallyâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Usually in just One Day!!




PRODUCTS Quality - Service - Price


Is Our Commitment to you!


Serving Your Complete Packer Needs i INFLATABLE PACKERS - Water Well, Environmental, Pressure Grout, Wireline. Custom Sizes & Fabrication available i MECHANICAL PACKERS - Freeze Plugs, Custom Applications

effective way to develop any well more water, less color and turbidity Â&#x201E; Only the surge block method â&#x20AC;&#x153;back washesâ&#x20AC;? the well screen, removing clay bridges, sands and silts Â&#x201E; Flexible wiper creates suction and pulls water into screen (not available with other methods) Â&#x201E; Constructed of inert long-lasting materials Â&#x201E; Capable of lifting water over 50 feet Â&#x201E; Removable ball valve prevents water from flowing back into well and will not clog with sediments Â&#x201E; Fast, effective and saves time and money Â&#x201E; Produces


Call or email us with all your Packer questions!! 1-800-452-4902 â&#x20AC;˘

Toll-Free: 1-888-572-2537 Email: Manufactured by Vanderlans & Sons 1320 S. Sacramento St. â&#x20AC;˘ Lodi, CA â&#x20AC;˘ 209-334-4115 â&#x20AC;˘ Fax 209-339-8260 Fax # : 253-770-0327 Web: Prompt Shipping in the US & Internationallyâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Usually in just One Day!!

For more information visit: 850.727.4427


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Well screen manufacturer: stainless steel, galvanized and carbon steel. Sizes: 0.75" to 24.0" OD. Rod base, pre-pack and pipe base screens. Environmental flush joint monitor pipe, T&C stainless drop pipe, drive points, etc. Contact: Jan or Steve 18102 E. Hardy Rd., Houston, TX 77073 Ph: (281) 233-0214; Fax: (281) 233-0487 Toll free: (800) 577-5068

Ph. 303 789-1200 or 800 552-2754 Fx. 303 789-0900

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Water Well Journal June 2011 69/

186 Well Screens

21 buy


Looking for employees? Selling equipment? Ready to retire? Advertise in the magazine that invests in your industryâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; Water Well Journal ®.


You have two options in the WWJ classifieds: s Pay by the line of text s Pay by the column inch. Contact NGWA today and mention this special offer to get three months of classified advertising for the price of two! s Call Shelby at 800 551.7379 (614 898.7791), ext. 523. s Send an e-mail to Offer good through September 2011.



.'7!MEMBERPRICE .ONMEMBERPRICE 70/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

Circle card no. 25

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INDEX OF Card No./ Page A.Y. McDonald Mfg. 1 5 (800) 292-2737 Atlas Copco Drilling Solutions 2 33 (800) 732-6762 B&B Chlorination 3 49 Baker Mfg., Water Systems Division 4 44 (800) 523-0224 Baroid IDP 5 39 (877) 379-7412 Better Water Industries 6 47 (507) 247-5929 CCV Engineering & Mfg. 7 32 (800) 671-0383 Central Mine Equipment 8 IBC (800) 325-8827 Cotey Chemical 9 38 (806) 747-2096 Eno Scientific 10 7 (910) 778-2660 GEFCO/King Oil Tools 11 10 (800) 759-7441 GeoPro 12 9 (877) 580-9348

Card No./ Page Geoprobe ® Systems (800) 436-7762 Grundfos Pumps (913) 227-3400 Hoeptner Perfected Products (408) 847-7615 In-Well Technologies (920) 829-5690 ISCO Industries (800) 345-4726 Laibe/Versa-Drill (317) 231-2250 Laval Underground Surveys (800) 344-7205 Lorentz Solar Water Pumps (888) 535-4788 (866) 593-0777 Marks Products (800) 255-1353 Mobile Drill (800) 766-3744 Mount Sopris Instruments (303) 279-3211 NGWA/Awards (800) 551-7379

PUMP PROBLEMS/from page 28 is either a check valve problem or a hole in the pipe somewhere below the last check valve. Once you find the check valve that’s failed, pull the pump and replace it, Waller adds.

4. Water quality issues For LaChance, the rock formation and water quality causes most of the pump problems he comes across. “The rock in this area is black shale and is 450 million years old, so we have weird geology and water chemistry,” he says. “We have high iron in the water, for example, that causes mineral buildup on the inside surfaces of pumps.” Nodules form and rattle around like pebbles, which wear out or clog the pump, LaChance explains. Minerals also clog intake screens and clogs up pressure switches—especially in shallow well jet pumps—leading to low water pressure or no water at all. “Over time, if a well’s production slows down due to a high mineral buildup in the water-bearing fractures, the well can be hydrofraced. In doing so Twitter @WaterWellJournl















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Card No./ Page NGWA/Bookstore (800) 551-7379 NGWA/Certification (800) 551-7379 NGWA/ConsensusDOCS (800) 551-7379 NGWA/Ground Water Expo (800) 551-7379 NGWA/NGWREF (800) 551-7379 NGWA/Safety DVD (800) 551-7379 NGWA/WellGuard (800) 551-7379 North Houston Machine (800) 364-6973 Pentair Water (262) 728-5551 Phase Technologies (866) 250-7934 Powers Electric Products (559) 275-3030 RigKits (888) 364-5891

you get rid of the obstruction, and allow the water to come through at a quicker rate,” Tyler says. Iron bacteria can also plug fractures and the well can be treated with chemicals to get rid of the bacteria. But for the most part, there’s not much that can be done in the well to prevent mineral buildup, LaChance says. “The iron is so high in some areas that homeowners who water their lawns have pumpkin-colored sidewalks,” he says. “For the most part, we can remove the iron and set up a system to treat the water, but when you’re dealing with multiple water contaminants, there isn’t always a whole lot we can do. “When you have high iron, colloidal clay, and high pH, for example, that’s a money pit. Sometimes you can’t treat it. Sometimes you just have to deal with it or live on bottled water. It stinks, but some of these just don’t have solutions. Not many, but some.”

Continued Education Knowledge is power when it comes to troubleshooting pumps, Waller says. Every pump installer should, if they

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have the opportunity, go to a pump school run by a manufacturer—especially if it’s held at a factory rather than a distribution center. “That way you can see the complete process of how the equipment they sell and install is constructed,” Waller says. “You learn the correct way to work on the pump from the engineers who designed it. I’ve never been to one where I haven’t learned a lot.” Tyler says industry events and seminars are another great way to find out what kinds of problems are common regionally. “You get an opportunity to talk with guys around the state or outside the state, and you pass knowledge back and forth,” Tyler says. “You can learn a lot just by talking with other contractors and pump installers.” WWJ Experienced pump installers should consider being a part of NGWA’s voluntary Certified Pump Installer program. More information can be found at Water Well Journal June 2011 71/



B.W. Smith Well Drilling Inc. of Springfield, West Virginia, drills a 6-inch rock well for a hand pump in Hampshire County, West Virginia.

The well was drilled 140 feet deep and had a flow rate of 15 gallons per minute and a static water level of 30 feet. It is a Monitor hand pump.

The well and pump is used as a back-up well for the home owner in case the home ever loses its electricity. All photos submitted by Benjamin M. Smith of B.W. Smith Well Drilling Inc.

“Closing Time” is the page of Water Well Journal that showcases—you! It will always feature a few pictures of people at work at job sites around the world. Please send in photos and brief descriptions and you just

72/ June 2011 Water Well Journal

may be the subject on the last page of an issue of WWJ. And remember, if your photo is selected as the cover image of WWJ, you receive $250. If your photos are selected, you will be

asked to fill out a photo disclaimer form that grants the National Ground Water Association the royalty-free right to display the photos. Please send high-resolution digital photos to

Twitter @WaterWellJournl

Sometimes Tight Spots call for Tracks Instead of Trucks

When mounted on our CME-300 remote controlled tracked carrier, the CME55 can get into tight locations not accessible to a truck mounted rig.. The rugged planetary drives and triple walking beam suspension also allow this machine to climb hills, traverse mud, sand, rocks, and snow…all while your operator’s feet are planted firmly on the ground. Of course the rubber tracks will not damage most pavement, so you can also use this rig anywhere you might use a truck mounted drill. We designed the CME-300 tracked carrier specifically for carrying drill rigs, so there are no compromises. It has the best center of gravity for both driving and drilling. And you won’t find a more rugged carrier in its class. Once you get to the site, the CME-55 can give you up to 9,400 foot pounds of torque and 28,275 pounds of retract force. It’s available with all the features you need to get the job done as efficiently as possible. Like in/out and sideways slide bases, angle drilling, automatic SPT hammer, auger racks, tool boxes and more. And for low clearance jobs, the CME55LC can also be mounted on this carrier. Give us a call and find out how the CME-55 on the CME-300 carrier can get you in (and out) of a tight spot.


4215 Rider Trail North, Earth City (St. Louis), MO. 63045 1-314-291-7700 • 1-800-325-8827 • FAX: 314-291-4880 E-mail: • Website:

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June 2011  

June 2011 issue of the Water Well Journal

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