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For me, choosing varieties is mainly about disease resistance. There are many, but as a sample: for European Pears, ‘Magness,’ ‘Potomac,’ and ‘Honeysweet’ are good, and for Asian Pears, ‘Korean Giant,’ ‘Shinko,’ and ‘Chojuro.’ Here are the three sources of scionwood I’ve used: • www.NutTrees.net Persimmon, Asian Pear, Pawpaw, Jujube, Chestnut, Pecan, Hickory and Hican, Walnut • www.RedManseFarm.com Apple, European Pear, Asian Pear, Cherry • www.BurntRidgeNursery.com Asian Pear, European Pear, and others

Grafting Tips

• The best time to graft pears is from late March until the beginning of May, preferably on a cool and cloudy day. • Tree too large? Make your graft on a branch. • Grafts can grow vigorously! Prune them back so they don’t become top-heavy and break off. Cut back suckers from the tree trunk.

Further Grafting Information

For an illustrated how-to, see the bark grafting section of this bulletin from University of Missouri Extension http://extension.missouri.edu/explorepdf/agguides/hort/g06971.pdf. Want to see the technique first hand? Head out to Forested in Bowie, MD, where they’re hosting Callery Pear grafting workshops, and you can take a look at grafts that have been growing for a while. See the next dates at: http://Forested.us/ GraftingWorkshop.html. About the Author Lincoln Smith runs Forested, a forest garden company in Bowie, MD (www.forested.us). He helps landowners in the eastern U.S. create forest gardens through consultation and through training at his 10acre demonstration forest garden. He gives regular lectures on forest gardening. He is working on making and marketing acorn foods.

WASHINGTON GARDENER ENEWS © 2014 Washington Gardener Magazine. All rights reserved.

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Washington Gardener Enews ~ April 2014