2010 In this document the rules and regulations of Direct Indirect are present. This document is In URDU Language.
MUHAMMAD WAQAS ANSARI UET TAXILA 7/19/2010
PERSON First `
FAYLI HALAT I WE YOU HE SHE THEY IT
AZAFI HALAT MY OUR YOUR HIS HER THEIR IT
MAFOELI HALAT ME US YOU HIM HER THEM ITS
ya phir koi name wo bhi third person mn ae ga.
ZAMIRON KI TABDILIAN:• • •
Komon k andar first person komon se bahir fayl k matabiqtab tabdeel Karin. Komon k andar second person komon se bahir mafoel k matabiq tabdeel Karin. Komon k andar third person No change ” yani tabdil nhi hogi .
TENSE AUR BAEZ ALFAZ KI TABDILIAN:1- Ager komon se bahir say ya says ho to to zamane ki ya kisi ur alfaz ki tabdili nhi ho gi sirf zamiron ki tabdilian hon gi. 2- Ager komon se bahir said to ya said ho o koon k andar darjzial tabdilian hon gi.
Note: • • • • • • • •
Zamiron ki tabdilian badastor hon gin. Is , Am, Are ko Was, Were mn tabdeel Karin. Has, Have ko Had mn tabdeel Karin. Do, Does ko Did mn tabdeel Karin. First Form ko Second Form mn tabdeel krin. Second form ko Had + 3 Form mn tabdeel krin. Did ko Had + 3 Form mn tabdeel krin. Was,Were ko Had Been mn tabdeel krin. Will, Shall ko Would mn tabdeel krin.
• • • • • • • • • • • • •
Can ko Could mn tabdeel korin. May ko Might mn tabdeel krin. Must ko Would Have Been mn tabdeel krin. Shall is changed into Should if the reporting verb is past. This ko That mn. These ko Those mn. There ko Here mn. Now ko Then mn Before ko Ago mn. Today ko Thatday mn. Tonight ko That Night mn. Tomorrow ko The Nextday mn. Yesterday ko The Previous Day mn. So ko Thus mn.
“SAY” AUR “SAYS” WALE FIQRAT: Note:
Say aur says wle fiqrat mn kome hata kr that lagian. 1- He says to me, “I am ill.” He says to me that he is ill. 2- We say them,” you are poor.” We say them that they are poor.
“SAID” AUR “SAID TO” WALE FIQRAT: 1- They said,” we have won the match.” They said that they had won the match. 2- She said to me,” I wrote a letter.” She said to me that she had written a letter. 3- They said,” We love Pakistan.” They said that they loved Pakistan. 4- I said to me,” may you live long.” I prayed for me that l might live long.
May wale fiqrat mn said aur said to ki jajga prayed for lagain aur kome hata kr that
lagain aur jomle ki tarteeb dorust kr lain. said aur said to wale fiqrat mn qome hata kr that lagain.
SWALIYA (?) FIQRAT: In fiqrat mn darjzail tabdilian hon gi. • •
Said ya said to ko asked mn tabdeel krin. Ager sawaliya fiqra imdadi fiayl i.e ( is, am, are, was, were, can, could, would, should, has, have, had, will, shall, do, does,..ect ) se shoroo ho raha ho to kome hata kr if ya whether lagain. Agr fiqra W khandan i.e (who, what, where, when, why, which, whose, whom) k kisi lagz se sroo ho raha ho to kome hata kr kuchh na lagain. Fiqre ko musba (+) bana lain yani tarteeb dorust kr lain.
FIQRAAT: 1- He said to me,” what are you doing.” He asked me what I was dong. 2- She said to me,” where do you live.” ( do, did, does ko khatam kr dain) She asked me where l lived. 3- She said to Ali,” will you help me.” She asked me if he would help her.
baqi tabdilian wohi hon gi.
“FIRST FORM” AUR “DO NOT” SE SHORO HONE WALE FIQRAT: In fiqrat mn hokam, darkhasat ya nasihat hoti ha. 1- Polish my shoes. ( hokam) 2- Give me your book.( darkhawasat) 3- Do not tell a lie. ( nasiha)
Ager nasihat ho to said to aur said ko asked mn tabdeel k daiin.
Ager darkhawasat ho to said to aur said ko requested mn tabdeel kr dain.
Ager hokam ho to said to aur said ko ordered mn tabdeel kr dain.
Ager fiqra first form se shoro ho raha ho to kome hata kr to lagain.
Ager do not se shoro ho rha ho to kome hata kr do not ki jaga not to lagain.
Please ko katam kr dain yani Indirect mn bilkul istamal na krain.
To k baad fiayl ki hamisha First form ati ha.
FIQRAT: 1- He said to his servant,” polish my shoes.” He ordered his servant to polish my shoes. 2- Father said to me,” do not tell a lie.” Father advised me not to tell a lie. 3- He said “for give me please.” He requested to forgive him.
ISTAJABIYA FIQRAT ( EXELAMATARY SENTENES):Ye wo fiqat han ji main kisi khushi, ghami aur herat ka azhar hota ho. For Example: 1- Ahh ham ne match geet leya ha. (khushi) Hurrah! We have won the match. 2- Afsoas! Mera beta fail ho gia. (ghami) Alas! My son has failed. 3- Kitni khubsorat larki ha. (herat) What a beautiful girl she is! ASOOL: •
Ager khushi ho to said ya said to ko exclaimed with joy main tabdeel kr dain.
Ager ghami ho to said ya said to ko exclaimed with sorrow main tabdeel kr dain.
Ager herat ho said ya said to ko exclaimed with wonder main tabdeel kr dain.
Khushi wale fiqrat main hurrah aur Aha ka istmal hota ha.
Ghami wale fiqrat main Ah! aur Alas! ………
Heart wale fiqrat main How aur What ka istamal hota ha aur akhir main (!) ka nishan ata ha ( ye fiqrat bohat difficult han is leye solve nhi keye)
Home hata kr That lagain.
Khushi, ghami aur heart wale alfaz ko khatam kr dain.
NOTE: Zameron ki tabdilian wahi hn gin. FIQRAT: 1- They said to us, “ Hurrah! We have won the match today. They exclaimed with joy us hat hey had won the match that day. 2- The father said , “ Alas my son has failed.” The father exclaimed with sorrow that his son had failed.