Page 1

The Optical Effects

in Space

University of Florida

School of Architecture Master of Architecture

MRP Project

Author: Shuyu Wang

Chair: Lee-Su Huang

2nd: Stephen Belton


Thanks my professor Lee-Su and Stephen.


The optical effects in Space

Contents

Contents

Introduction 7

Introduction 7

1.Define & Measure Space 8 ace 8 2.Transparency of Space 12 2.Transparency of Space 12 3. Variable of Space 14 ace 14 4. Two or Several Space 16 4. Two or Several Space 16 5. How to "make" Mutipal Space 18 Mutipal Space 18 6. For Architecture 22 6. For Architecture 22

Case Study 28

Case Study 28

1. Light and Perception 30 1. Light and Perception 30 2. Spatiality of Transprancy 40 2. Spatiality of Transprancy 40 3. Of Scale 48 3 . Of Scale 48 4. Optical Effects and Perception 54 Effects and Perception 54 5. Movement and Space 64 5. Movement and Space 64

The MRP Project 76

The MRP Project 76

1.The Optical Illusion Effect Test 78 al Illusion Effect Test 78 2.The Material and Light Test 82 terial and Light Test 82 3. Angle of Eyesight Test 98 e of Eyesight Test 98 4. Scalability Test 110 4. Scalability Test 110 5. Mechanical Structure Test 112 nical Structure Test 112 6. MK1 Drawings and Photos 114 1 Drawings and Photos 114 7. Effect Renderings 118 7. Effect Renderings 118 8. Final Project 122 8. Final Project 122 9. Videos 126 9. Videos 126

References 132

References 132


INTRODUCTION

Cite This For Me. (2017). Save Time and Improve your Marks with CiteThisForMe, The No. 1 Citation Tool. [online] Available at: http://www.citethisforme.com [Accessed 26 Apr. 2017].


01 INTRODUCTION

Introduction 1. Define & Measure Space

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ow to define or measure space is always an interesting topic. Dora Maurer made some works during 1960 to 1980; in these works, she has explored the relationship between space and movement [*]. Her method is taking sequences of photos in a known space, with time.

fabrizi, m. (2017). Tracing Space: Works by Dora Maurer. [online] SOCKS. Available at: http://socks-studio.com/2016/02/06/ tracing-space-works-by-dora-maurer/ [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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he made a great example to demonstrate how to measure space. The first step is making a center point in a space; then use the camera as people’s eyes to capture photos in different views. Then got serials photos with sequence, especially in one space. Next step is arranging these photos, so you got a 2 dimension photo; this is like pull a space in line. But in this process, because we use the same camera with the same distance, we can combine different space in one photo so it’s easy to see how different space influenced people. Meanwhile now one man could feel the whole space, nor one space to another space, so we can see space in one image, it’s important, because we can see a complete space, in this process people could ignore the influence from outside and to feel space. Using this method, we can easily measure different kinds of space.

fabrizi, m. (2017). Tracing Space: Works by Dora Maurer. [online] SOCKS. Available at: http://socks-studio.com/2016/02/06/ tracing-space-works-by-dora-maurer/ [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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01 INTRODUCTION

I

n these projects we explored the relationship between space and movement, and use photos or videos to record this process. The point with these photos are sequences, it could figure out the relationship with time and processes. In these projects, serial photographs are taken inside her studio, where the artist moved around shooting sequences of photos in correspondence with previously planned maps. The works explore the relationship between the planned action in a known space and the variations due to the actual recording of the camera, between structure and improvisation.

fabrizi, m. (2017). Tracing Space: Works by Dora Maurer. [online] SOCKS. Available at: http://socks-studio.com/2016/02/06/ tracing-space-works-by-dora-maurer/ [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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fabrizi, m. (2017). Tracing Space: Works by Dora Maurer. [online] SOCKS. Available at: http://socks-studio.com/2016/02/06/ tracing-space-works-by-dora-maurer/ [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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01 INTRODUCTION

2. Transparency of Space Transparency, noun. 1: something transparent; especially: a picture (as on film) viewed by light shining through it or by projection 2: the quality or state of being transparent[1]

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rchitects are expected to be very interested in using glass in architecture, because it’s light, clean and translucent. And people in this process also create a transparency of space. But transparency can be both originally properties of a substance, such as glass walls; it may be also given been an organizational attribute relationships.[2] That is same as the dictionary definition from Webster Dictionary. Accordingly, we can go and see the difference between the physical phenomena of transparency and transparency. So it’s interesting, because in these kinds of spaces some edge of space is gone, even though they do not use the translucent material.

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o in this book, we are more consider of the transparency of space that means we may use some solid materials to create the feeling of transparency. It is known that most of the buildings using walls to divide inside and outside. If we have the chance to get some gaps in the wall, we can allow light get inside the building, so in this situation, we demolish the inside and outside a little bit. Can we do more? What cause the transparency of space? • Light • Shallow • Color • Time • Scale • ......

fabrizi, m. (2017). When Geometry Comes to Life: “Somnium” by Laurent Millet (2014). [online] SOCKS. Available at: http://socksstudio.com/2015/11/12/when-geometrycomes-to-life-somnium-by-laurent-millet-2014/ [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

[1] Merriam-webster.com. (2017). Definition of TRANSPARENCY. [online] Available at: http://www.merriam-webster.com/ dictionary/Transparency [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. [2] Colin Rowe, Bernhard Hoesli. (1964). Transparency., Birkhauser GmbH (20 Mar. 1997)

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01 INTRODUCTION

3. Variable of Space

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efore we speak of the waste of space, we could see an example that is not waste space anymore. Some day I use an umbrella, I found the space which umbrella created is so efficient, it makes space when it open, but when it be folded, every parts of the umbrella are in the same level, seems not waste any space at all. And I use a way to find out how an umbrella structure move. Trace the movement of it, and try to measure a space umbrella created. In the drawing we can see the space in the different time it makes, and the structure move, variety of space it makes with sequence. Using time to figure out what kind of space umbrella makes.

What then is time? If no one asks me, I know; if I want to explain it to a questioner, I do not know... We measure time. But how can we measure what does not exist? The past is no longer, the future is not yet. And what of the present? The present has not duration... In order that we may compare a short and a long syllable, both must have died away. Thus I do not measure the syllables themselves, but the imagines of the two tones in my memory... Thus when I measure time, I measure impressions, modifications of consciousness. [*]

If we add more knots in one umbrella structure, so could we make more space, and create a new unique space type. Because we all know the knot is one thing to control and make space. Drawing by author

[*] Saint Augustin

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01 INTRODUCTION

4.Two or Several Space

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n normal situation, if we stay in one place and without glass, we can only see one space. A three dimension space, most of times, we use perspective to show these situations.

"Transparency exists where a locus in space can be referred to two or several systems of relations — where the assignment remains undetermined and the belonging to one or the other remains a matter of choice" [*]

Perspective & point of view in icon design . (2016). two point perspective horizon line. [Online] Available: https://www. creativefreedom.co.uk (Oct 3, 2016)

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eanwhile, we can always "know " the back sides of this cube, because we have ability to imagine things we can not see. This phenomenal called gestalt psychology which is that the mind forms a global whole with self-organizing tendencies.[*] But some people were tried to make people see more space in one time. Cubism artists like Pablo Picasso, Paul Cezanne use their painting to let us could "see" more than one space.

[*] En.wikipedia.org. (2017). Gestalt psychology. [online] Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestalt_psychology [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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[*] Bernhard Hoesli

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01 INTRODUCTION

5. How to "make" Multipal Space

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o how these artists do?

·Give up perspective, use several view points. In Cubist artwork, objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form—instead of depicting objects from a single viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context.[*]

Different elemtents of a cube. Drawing by author

Pablo Picasso, 1918, Arlequin au violon (Harlequin with Violin), oil on canvas, 142 x 100.3 cm, The Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio

[*] Jean Metzinger, Note sur la peinture, Pan (Paris), October–November 1910

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01 INTRODUCTION

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n these paintings, artists are transferred deep space to shallow space. Each part of these paintings could be considered as many pictures from different views, then they combine these pictures in one drawing. Showing different surfaces of one subject in one paper. If we want to draw a space with cubism, the space in each pictures were broken by another pictures, we could not have a common or simple idea of one space, so it could let us have more possibilities to think about space. No matter what feelings those paintings bring to us, we could not deny that all of pictures are modeled in two dimensional space by perspective, but architecture is a real exist object in three dimensional space, in other words we have ability to see every parts of buildings, every things are visible and could not be implied.

DEEP SPACE → SHALLOW SPACE ↓ ↓ No imagination

Imagination ↓ Each parts have many ways to combine

Odyssey. (2017). It's All About Perspective. [online] Available at: https://www.theodysseyonline.com/keeping-it-fresh-usingperspective [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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Deep Space Sparkle. (2017). Easy Cubism Art Project - Deep Space Sparkle. [online] Available at: http://www.deepspacesparkle. com/2015/02/23/easy-cubism-art-project/ [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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01 INTRODUCTION

6. For Architecture

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s we talked before, architecture is a real exist object, so it is may hard to create multiple space same time, but imagine sometimes we could only see the one elevation of an architecture, it is two-dimensional, we have no idea about the space behind this elevation, meanwhile we are always trying to imagine the entire things. E.g. Le Corbusier, Villa Stein - de Monzie, Garches, Paris, France, (1926-1928) Use path way let people see the main elevation. ↓ Use stairs as high point → Have chance to see whole building ↓ Use translucent material → Let us can see something/can not see something

Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: http://ttps://arquiteturaemusica.wordpress.com/2014/01/10/o-modulor-de-le-corbusier/ figura35/ [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

Twofeetoncenter.com. (2017). Diagrammatic Analysis - 2'O.C.. [online] Available at: http://twofeetoncenter.com/DiagrammaticAnalysis [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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01 INTRODUCTION

27, E. (2017). Early Corbusier-Feb 27 - College Of Art And Architecture 2112 with Flowers at Georgia Institute of Technology - StudyBlue. [online] STUDYBLUE. Available at: https://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/early-corbusier-feb-27/ deck/11267958 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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27, E. (2017). Early Corbusier-Feb 27 - College Of Art And Architecture 2112 with Flowers at Georgia Institute of Technology - StudyBlue. [online] STUDYBLUE. Available at: https://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/early-corbusier-feb-27/ deck/11267958 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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01 INTRODUCTION

"Interpenetration without optical destruction" [*]

Different views of a cube. Drawing by author

[*] Rowe, C., Slutzky, R. and Hoesli, B. (1997). Transparency. 1st ed. Basel: Birkh?ser Verlag.

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CASE STUDY

C4.staticflickr.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://c4.staticflickr. com/8/7715/17579513728_cbb50fc159_k.jpg [Accessed 26 Apr. 2017].


02 CASE STUDY

Case Study 1. Light and Perception

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t is very common that some architecture projects are fully revolved by the light. The architecture feeling is basically based on the conditions of light and shadow in space. The light in architecture could divide by nature light and artificial light. Nature light is reflected by some factors, like time and surroundings, in some case architect could use light to link space and time. Otherwise, artificial light is more controllable. Architect and artist could create the conditions of light they want.

Teshima Art Museum Location: Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan Architect: Ryue Nishizawa Project Year: 2010

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he open gallery space features 25cm thick concrete shell with two elliptical openings that are open to elements. Iwan Baan shows on his website a great photo set of the art museum which can be viewed here.[*]

[*]ArchDaily. (2017). Teshima Art Museum / Ryue Nishizawa. [online] Available at: http://www.archdaily.com/151535/ teshima-art-museum [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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ArchDaily. (2017). Teshima Art Museum / Ryue Nishizawa. [online] Available at: http://www.archdaily.com/151535/ teshima-art-museum [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

Light Matters Location: Series Artist: James Turrell Project Year: 2013

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ight matters, a monthly column on light and space, is written by Thomas Schielke. Based in Germany, he is fascinated by architectural lighting, has published numerous articles and co-authored the book “Light Perspectives”.

James Turrell, American, born 1943. The Light Inside, 1999. Neon and ambient light. The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, museum commission, gift of Isabel B. and Wallace S. Wilson. © James Turrell. [Online] Available: http://www.archdaily. com/380911/light-matters-seeing-the-light-with-james-turrell(Dec 16, 2016)

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James Turrell, American, born 1943. The Light Inside, 1999. Neon and ambient light. The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, museum commission, gift of Isabel B. and Wallace S. Wilson. © James Turrell. [Online] Available: http://www.archdaily. com/380911/light-matters-seeing-the-light-with-james-turrell(Dec 16, 2016)

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02 CASE STUDY

ArchDaily. (2017). Light Matters: Seeing the Light with James Turrell. [online] Available at: http://www.archdaily.com/380911/ light-matters-seeing-the-light-with-james-turrell [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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ArchDaily. (2017). Light Matters: Seeing the Light with James Turrell. [online] Available at: http://www.archdaily.com/380911/ light-matters-seeing-the-light-with-james-turrell [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

Forest of Light Location: Salone del Mobile Architect: Sou Fujimoto Project Year: Completed 2016

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n this installation for COS, I envisage to make a forest of light,� said Fujimoto. “A forest which consists of countless light cones made from spotlights above. These lights pulsate and constantly undergo transience of state and flow. People meander through this forest, as if lured by the charm of the light. Light and people interact with one another, its existence defining the transition of the other.

ArchDaily. (2017). Sou Fujimoto Installs a "Forest of Light" for COS at 2016 Salone del Mobile. [online] Available at: http:// www.archdaily.com/785460/sou-fujimoto-installs-a-forest-of-light-for-cos-at-2016-salone-del-mobile [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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ArchDaily. (2017). Sou Fujimoto Installs a "Forest of Light" for COS at 2016 Salone del Mobile. [online] Available at: http:// www.archdaily.com/785460/sou-fujimoto-installs-a-forest-of-light-for-cos-at-2016-salone-del-mobile [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

Lightpaintings Location: Boise Art Museum, Boise, ID Artist: Stephen Knapp Project Year: Completed 2010

Gooood.hk. (2017). Stephen Knapp. [online] Available at: http://www.gooood.hk/light-paintings-by-stephen-knapp.htm [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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Gooood.hk. (2017). Stephen Knapp. [online] Available at: http://www.gooood.hk/light-paintings-by-stephen-knapp.htm [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

2. Spatiality of Transprancy

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he perceptual spirit and metaphysical strength of architecture are driven by the quality of light and shadow shaped by solids and voids, by opacities, transparencies, and translucencies.[*]

Opaque Ginza Location: Ginza, Tokyo, Japan Architect: SANAA Project Year: 1998

Ffffound.com. (2017). FFFFOUND! | OPAQUE GINZA on Flickr - Photo Sharing!. [online] Available at: http://ffffound. com/image/1520d80cb40404e214cb4a31c92d73a85acf6139 ?c=10625703 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: http://ttp://www.jamo.jp/space/2002/000199.html [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

[*]Holl, S., Pallasmaa, J. and Pérez-Gómez, A. (2008). Questions of perception. 1st ed. San Francisco, Calif: William Stout Publishers.

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02 CASE STUDY

Dior Omotesando Location: Omotesando, Tokyo, Japan Architect: SANAA Project Year: 2009

Architectuul.com. (2017). Christian Dior Ometsando Building. [online] Available at: http://architectuul. com/architecture/christiandior-ometsando-building [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

Stone Museum Location: Tochigi, Japan Architect: Kengo Kuma Project Year: 2000

Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: http://ttp://www.dezeen. com/2014/11/16/sanaa-dior-omotesando-store-peter-marinointerior-refit/ [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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Detail-online.com. (2017). Stone Museum in Nasu | DETAIL inspiration. [online] Available at: http://www.detail-online.com/inspiration/stonemuseum-in-nasu-106684.html [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

Glass Pavilion at the Toledo Museum of Art Location: Toledo, Ohio, USA Architect: Kazuyo Sejima + Ryue Nishizawa / SANAA Project Year: 2006

ArchDaily. (2017). Glass Pavilion at the Toledo Museum of Art / SANAA. [online] Available at: http://www.archdaily. com/54199/glass-pavilion-at-the-toledo-museum-of-art-sanaa-pritzker-prize-2010 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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ArchDaily. (2017). Glass Pavilion at the Toledo Museum of Art / SANAA. [online] Available at: http://www.archdaily.com/54199/glass-pavilionat-the-toledo-museum-of-art-sanaa-pritzkerprize-2010 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

The wall made by Erwin Hauer Location: Series Architect: Erwin Hauer Project Year: 1950-2010

Erwinhauer.com. (2017). erwin hauer | Church in Liesing, Vienna, Austria. [online] Available at: http://erwinhauer.com/eh/ installations/church-in-liesing-vienna-austria#3 [Accessed 26 Apr. 2017].

Erwinhauer.com. (2017). erwin hauer | Cobogo House, private residence, rooftop pavilion, Sao Paulo, Brazil. [online] Available at: http://erwinhauer.com/eh/installations/cobogo-house-private-residence-rooftop-pavilion-sao-paulo-brazil#2 [Accessed 26 Apr. 2017].

Erwinhauer.com. (2017). erwin hauer | Knoll, Inc. Chicago Showroom, NEOCON 2006. [online] Available at: http://erwinhauer. com/eh/installations/knoll-inc.-chicago-showroom-neocon-2006#2 [Accessed 26 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

3 . Of Scale

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n architecture area, architects always use the Golden Section and the Fibonacci Series to design buildings. In the Ancient Egyptian, Ancient Greek, and Ancient Roma, series of buildings use Fibonacci Series. And ancient people not only concerned with the Geometrical mathematical precision but also concerned with the perception. The human scale is also an important factor in architecture design, especially in recent decades; architects are more and more considering on the human scale. The result of this process is a lot of SANAA’s and Zaha’s works, totally consider of human scale and space.

Casa del Fascio

Eisenman, P., Terragni, G. and Tafuri, M. (2003). Giuseppe Terragni. 1st ed. New York: Monacelli Press.

Location: Como, Italy Architect: Giuseppe Terragnir Project Year: 1932-1936

Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: http://ttps://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/early-corbusier-feb-27/deck/11267958 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: http://ttps://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/early-corbusier-feb-27/deck/11267958 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art Location: Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan Architect: SANAA Project Year: 2004

Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: http://www.iwan.com/work/photography/SANAA_21st_Century_Museum_Kanazawa/pix/ Kanazawa-SANAA-21C-7643.jpg [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: http://www.iwan.com/work/photography/SANAA_21st_Century_Museum_Kanazawa/pix/ Kanazawa-SANAA-21C-7643.jpg [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

London Science Museum Location: London Architect: Zaha Hadid Architects Project Year: 2016

ArchDaily. (2017). Inside Zaha Hadid Architects' Mathematics Gallery for the London Science Museum. [online] Available at: http://www.archdaily.com/801015/inside-zaha-hadid-architects-new-mathematics-gallery-for-the-london-science-museum [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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ArchDaily. (2017). Inside Zaha Hadid Architects' Mathematics Gallery for the London Science Museum. [online] Available at: http://www.archdaily.com/801015/inside-zaha-hadid-architects-new-mathematics-gallery-for-the-london-science-museum [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

4. Optical Effects and Perception

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hen in architecture it is said that “space is generated by light,” we typically recognize a phenomenological platitude to be offered up. Shadows were revealed to be dense with color- and light-play and the spaces between “things” solid with auratic emanation. These works are so fully dedicated to their relationship to the outside, to the landscape and to the cosmos beyond, that they are without exception worked out from the exterior and as exteriors: they are in effect interfaces that articulate the opening of form outward and onto the world itself.[*]

[*] Holl, S. (2012). Color Light Time. 1st ed. Zurich: Lars müller Publishers.

Hatch Location: London Architect: Antony Gormley Project Year: 2007

Antonygormley.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: http://www.antonygormley.com/uploads/ images/4ec625acb7781.jpg [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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Antonygormley.com. (2017). Antony Gormley. [online] Available at: http://www.antonygormley.com/uploads/images/0734_ hatch_2007_001.jpg( [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

Artaddict.net. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: http://artaddict.net/upload/large/807_18.jpg [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

Breathing Room Location: New York, NY Architect: Antony Gormley Project Year: 2012

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reathing room was an attempt to make a three-dimensional drawing in space that was both a diagram and a thing. It is an instrument that allows the viewers to become the viewed by creating an interpenetrating nest of seven space frames that occupy a central position in the room.

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he volume outlined by the frame remains constant whilst being extended in each case on a different axis. A mandala-like drawing on the floor forms the groundplan from which the seven rooms grow. The structure is made from 25 mm x 25 mm square aluminium tube.

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he object hovers between being architecture and being an image of architecture. It is a contained object in a defined internal space. In the Ropac Gallery installation, all electrical lights were removed and the frames were painted with two layers of phosphorescent paint that absorbed light during the day and emitted it at night. In its night state the work assumes an unstable position between the virtual and the real. If perspective and orthogonal architecture in the West are the way in which space is described and contained, this is an attempt to open up those limiting characteristics.

Antonygormley.com. (2017). Antony Gormley. [online] Available at: http://www.antonygormley.com/projects/item-view/ id/252#p0 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

MSK Lobby Wall Location: New York, NY Architect: LTL Architects Project Year: 2013

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he lobby of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center’s new Zuckerman Research Center anticipated a feature art wall as a central component of the active entry space connecting Sixty-Eighth and Sixty-Ninth Streets on the Upper East Side of New York City. LTL designed a piece that would at once visually seduce and reflect back the activity of the lobby. It began as a solid wall, three feet six inches deep, thirty feet wide, and twelve feet six inches tall. A series of 230 vision cones, emanating from station points mapped in plan and section and identifying the typical location of human activity within the lobby, is projected into the wall, creating conical intersections. These vision cones are controlled by a regular grid on the side of the wall that faces the main lobby area yet exit the back of the wall in a seemingly random collection of variously sized ellipses. As users of the lobby move around the sculpture, conical alignments embedded in the wall become visible, identifying 230 precise source locations throughout the lobby. The experience is designed to intensify the public, social aspects of the space.

LTL Architects. (2017). MSK Lobby Wall. [online] Available at: http://ltlarchitects.com/msk-lobby-wall [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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LTL Architects. (2017). MSK Lobby Wall. [online] Available at: http://ltlarchitects.com/msk-lobby-wall [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

LTL Architects. (2017). MSK Lobby Wall. [online] Available at: http://ltlarchitects.com/msk-lobby-wall [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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LTL Architects. (2017). MSK Lobby Wall. [online] Available at: http://ltlarchitects.com/msk-lobby-wall [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

2015 Serpentine Pavilion Location: London Architect: Selgas Cano Project Year: 2015

Metalocus.es. (2017). Shortlist of Arcaid Images Architectural Photography Awards 2016 | METALOCUS. [online] Available at: http://www.metalocus.es/en/news/shortlist-arcaid-images-architectural-photography-awards-2016 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

Metalocus.es. (2017). Shortlist of Arcaid Images Architectural Photography Awards 2016 | METALOCUS. [online] Available at: http://www.metalocus.es/en/news/shortlist-arcaid-images-architectural-photography-awards-2016 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

5. Movement and Space

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he light and shadow movement in architecture is a geometric abstraction with an emphasis on transcendentalist levity, boundary-dissolving luminescence, and edged industrial materials—an embrace of cutting-edge space-age fabrication methods.

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aison Bordeaux is built on a hill nearby Bordeaux, France. This building is designed for an elderly couple, couples husband had a severe car accident, and he can only live in a wheelchair after that. Owners also changed the previous ideas, he says to the architect: “I do not want a simple house, I want a complicated, because the house will define my world.” They bought a hill, on the top of this mountain you can see the panoramic view of the Bordeaux.

T Maison à Bordeaux Location: Bordeaux, France Architect: REM KOOLHAAS Project Year: 1998

ArchDaily. (2017). AD Classics: Maison Bordeaux / OMA. [online] Available at: http://www.archdaily.com/104724/ad-classicsmaison-bordeaux-oma [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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he red area in the drawing is one special features of this house; it is a 3x3.5 meter-lifting platform. The platform designed for disabled husband, Koolhaas use this platform to link interior layers, so that the men could reach anywhere in this house. Around this lifting platform placed almost everything for the man’s living, it reflects the detailed and user-friendly design. With the platform dock between different layers, the function of interior space and functionality has also significant changes, bring users a different surprise.

Tublogdearquitectura.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: http://www.tublogdearquitectura. com/?p=5035 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

ArchDaily. (2017). AD Classics: Maison Bordeaux / OMA. [online] Available at: http://www.archdaily.com/104724/ad-classicsmaison-bordeaux-oma [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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Duyihan.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: http://www.duyihan.com/images/wb01_a_2x.jpg [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

Institut du monde arabe Location: Paris, France Architect: Jean Nouvel Project Year: 1987

S-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://s-media-cache-ak0. pinimg.com/originals/d3/f4/34/d3f43413f925c9f3c2769937c99cda51.jpg [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

Spacecollective.org. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: http://spacecollective.org/ userdata/1L9YwZWK/1175679030/arab_world_institute_2.jpg [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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Farm8.staticflickr.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://farm8.staticflickr. com/7152/6729938157_fed0fb49db_b.jpg [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

Blind Light Location: Hayward Gallery, London / Pinchuk Foundation, Kiev, Ukraine Architect: Antony Gormley Project Year: 2007

A

rtist Antony Gormley invited Carmody Groarke to collaborate with Techniker and BDSP to deliver his concept for ‘Blind Light’. The installation by Gormley is a sensory pavilion containing freezing cold, dense fog and fluorescent lights at fourtimes normal daylight. The challenge to the design team was to “dematerialize” the architectural envelope, therefore emphasising the experience of being immersed in fog.

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onstructed from a frameless glass structure, the pavilion forms the centrepiece of the ‘Blind Light’ exhibition. The project is Gormley’s largest retrospective in London to date, and was delivered from initial briefing to completion within four months.

Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: https://imageobjecttext.com/2012/06/03/lost-in-the-fog/ ( [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: https://imageobjecttext.com/2012/06/03/lost-in-the-fog/ ( [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

Rhizome House Location: Amsterdam Light Festival Architect: DP Architects Project Year: Completed Dec. 15, 2016 - Jan. 8,2017 Size: 8700mm long, 2400mm wide, 4500mm tall, 105m3 in volume 175 Material: 1.2×2.4 sheets CNC cut high-density polyethylene (HDPE) 64,000 fasteners (10,644 per section multiplied by 6) 1,357 strips, 16,000 carbon steel rivets, 100m linear led IPX7 with RGB diodes, Concealed transformers within shell at base

Gooood.hk. (2017). 斑斓的光茎迷宫 – Rhizome House将在阿姆斯特丹灯光节展出 / DP Architects. [online] Available at: http://www.gooood.hk/rhizome-house-in-amsterdam-light-festival-by-dp-architects.htm [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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Gooood.hk. (2017). 斑斓的光茎迷宫 – Rhizome House将在阿姆斯特丹灯光节展出 / DP Architects. [online] Available at: http://www.gooood.hk/rhizome-house-in-amsterdam-light-festival-by-dp-architects.htm [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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02 CASE STUDY

Gooood.hk. (2017). 斑斓的光茎迷宫 – Rhizome House将在阿姆斯特丹灯光节展出 / DP Architects. [online] Available at: http://www.gooood.hk/rhizome-house-in-amsterdam-light-festival-by-dp-architects.htm [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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Gooood.hk. (2017). 斑斓的光茎迷宫 – Rhizome House将在阿姆斯特丹灯光节展出 / DP Architects. [online] Available at: http://www.gooood.hk/rhizome-house-in-amsterdam-light-festival-by-dp-architects.htm [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017].

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THE MRP PROJECT

Keiheung.files.wordpress.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://keiheung.files.wordpress. com/2010/12/img_6074.jpg [Accessed 26 Apr. 2017].


03 THE MRP PROJECT

The MRP Project 1.The Optical Illusion Effect Test

A

n optical illusion (also called a visual illusion) is an illusion caused by the visual system and characterized by visually perceived images that differ from objective reality. The information gathered by the eye is processed in the brain to give a percept that does not tally with a physical measurement of the stimulus source. There are three main types: literal optical illusions that create images that are different from the objects that make them, physiological illusions that are the effects of excessive stimulation of a specific type (brightness, color, size, position, tilt, movement), and cognitive illusions, the result of unconscious inferences. Pathological visual illusions arise from a pathological exaggeration in physiological visual perception mechanisms causing the aforementioned types of illusions.[*]

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n this process, the author want to test the optical illusion effect. Trying to figure out how the eye sight angle or eye sight process effect on the optical illusion.

Optical illusion, (2017). [online] Available at: http://more-sky.com/WDF-407475.html [Accessed 26 Apr. 2017]. En.wikipedia.org. (2017). Optical illusion. [online] Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optical_illusion#/media/ File:Two_silhouette_profile_or_a_white_vase.jpg [Accessed 26 Apr. 2017]. [*] En.wikipedia.org. (2017). Optical illusion. [online] Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optical_illusion [Accessed 26 Apr. 2017].

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

What looked for all the world like a diminishing horizon - the art objects becoming so ephemeral as to threaten to disappear altogether - has, like some marvelous philosophical riddle, turned itself inside out of reveal its opposite. What appeared to be a question of object/ non-object has turned out to be a question of seeing and not-seeing, of how it is we actually perceive or fail to perceive... [*]

The optical illusion effect test, made by author.

[*] Robert Irwin, Being and Circumstance: Notes toward a Conditional Art, 1985.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

2.The Material and Light Test 2.1 Translucent Material

The material and light test (with different distance), made by author.

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The material and light test (with different distance), made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

The material and light test (with different distance), made by author.

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The material and light test (with different distance), made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

2.2 Solid Material

The material and light test (with different distance), made by author.

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The material and light test (with different distance), made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

The material and light test (with different distance), made by author.

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The material and light test (with different distance), made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

The material and light test (with different distance), made by author.

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The material and light test (with different distance), made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT The material and light test (with different light amount)

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

Plaster casted by spandex, made by author.

Plaster casted by spandex, made by author.

Plaster casted by spandex, made by author.

Plaster casted by spandex (detailes), made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

3. Angle of Eyesight Test

Angle of eyesight test, made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

Angle of eyesight test, made by author.

Angle of eyesight test, made by author.

Angle of eyesight test, made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

Angle of eyesight test, made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

Angle of eyesight test, made by author.

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Angle of eyesight test, made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

Angle of eyesight test, made by author.

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Angle of eyesight test, made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

The eyesight scale of different position (sit, stand, close, far away), made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT 4. Scalability Test

Using the spandex to test how to shape the curve surface, made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

5. Mechanical Structure Test

Mechanical structure test, made by author.

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Mechanical structure test drawings, made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

6. MK1 Drawings and Photos

Explode drawing 1, made by author.

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Mk1 photos, made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

Explode drawing 2, made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

7. Effect Renderings

Effect rendering with solid material, made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

Effect rendering with transluant material, made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

8. Final Project

Video Overall introduction Address: https://youtu.be/kNKLXJK-Cb4 122

Final project drawing, made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

Final project photos, made by author.

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Final project material test, made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

9. Videos

Final project making process, made by author.

Video Single unit rotate Address: https://youtu.be/nNW06Vj2ARw Video Single unit movement Address: https://youtu.be/mg46julBW7Y

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Final project making process, made by author.

Video Four units movement test Address: https://youtu.be/7MZSbT1qAGE Video Details Address: https://youtu.be/LvmjYeJVWTE

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

Final project explode drawing, made by author.

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03 THE MRP PROJECT

Video Looking outside Address: https://youtu.be/4U_KBDcb2s0

Video Four units movement Address: https://youtu.be/_UIqGAyUiEA

Final project eye sight analysis drawing, made by author.

Video Detect indoor light Address: https://youtu.be/5ScXDcUFeAc

Video Capture people movement Address: https://youtu.be/Dtr96A8KIMI

Video Capture sun movement Address: https://youtu.be/q_V98fG0KtQ Final project capture sun light drawing, made by author.

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Farm8.staticflickr.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://farm8.staticflickr.com/7152/6729938157_fed0fb49db_b.jpg [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Gooood.hk. (2017). DP Architects. [online] Available at: http://www.gooood.hk/rhizome-house-in-amsterdam-light-festival-by-dp-architects.htm [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. S-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/d3/f4/34/d3f43413f925c9f3c2769937c99cda51.jpg [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Spacecollective.org. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: http://spacecollective.org/userdata/1L9YwZWK/1175679030/arab_world_institute_2.jpg [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: http://ttp://www.jamo.jp/space/2002/000199. html [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: http://ttp://www.dezeen.com/2014/11/16/sanaadior-omotesando-store-peter-marino-interior-refit/ [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: http://ttps://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/ early-corbusier-feb-27/deck/11267958 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: http://www.iwan.com/work/photography/ SANAA_21st_Century_Museum_Kanazawa/pix/Kanazawa-SANAA-21C-7643.jpg [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Antonygormley.com. (2017). Antony Gormley. [online] Available at: http://www.antonygormley.com/projects/item-view/id/252#p0 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Antonygormley.com. (2017). Antony Gormley. [online] Available at: http://www.antonygormley.com/uploads/images/0734_hatch_2007_001.jpg( [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Antonygormley.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: http://www.antonygormley.com/uploads/images/4ec625acb7781.jpg [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. ArchDaily. (2017). Inside Zaha Hadid Architects’ Mathematics Gallery for the London Science Museum. [online] Available at: http://www.archdaily.com/801015/ inside-zaha-hadid-architects-new-mathematics-gallery-for-the-london-science-museum [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Architectuul.com. (2017). Christian Dior Ometsando Building. [online] Available at: http://architectuul.com/architecture/christian-dior-ometsando-building [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Architizer. (2017). Cité de l’Ocean et du Surf. [online] Available at: https://architizer. com/projects/cite-de-locean-et-du-surf/media/232732/ [Accessed 26 Apr. 2017]. Architizer. (2017). Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art. [online] Available at: https://architizer.com/projects/nelson-atkins-museum-of-art/media/71543/ [Accessed 26 Apr. 2017]. Artaddict.net. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: http:// artaddict.net/upload/large/807_18.jpg [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Cite This For Me. (2017). Save Time and Improve your Marks with CiteThisForMe, The No. 1 Citation Tool. [online] Available at: http://www.citethisforme.com [Accessed 26 Apr. 2017].

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Descottes, H. and Ramos, C. (2013). Architectural lighting. 1st ed. New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press. Eisenman, P., Terragni, G. and Tafuri, M. (2003). Giuseppe Terragni. 1st ed. New York: Monacelli Press. fabrizi, m. (2017). Tracing Space: Works by Dora Maurer. [online] SOCKS. Available at: http://socks-studio.com/2016/02/06/tracing-space-works-by-dora-maurer/ [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Ffffound.com. (2017). FFFFOUND! | OPAQUE GINZA on Flickr - Photo Sharing!. [online] Available at: http://ffffound.com/image/1520d80cb40404e214cb4a31c92d 73a85acf6139?c=10625703 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Holl, S. (2012). Color Light Time. 1st ed. Zurich: Lars müller Publishers. LTL Architects. (2017). MSK Lobby Wall. [online] Available at: http://ltlarchitects. com/msk-lobby-wall [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Tublogdearquitectura.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: http://www.tublogdearquitectura.com/?p=5035 [Accessed 25 Apr. 2017]. Keiheung.files.wordpress.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://keiheung.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/img_6074.jpg [Accessed 26 Apr. 2017]. C4.staticflickr.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://c4.staticflickr.com/8/7715/17579513728_cbb50fc159_k.jpg [Accessed 26 Apr. 2017].

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Thank you.

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The optical effects in space by Shuyu Wang  

The mater research project of Master of Architecture program in UF, Author: Shuyu Wang, 03/31/2017

The optical effects in space by Shuyu Wang  

The mater research project of Master of Architecture program in UF, Author: Shuyu Wang, 03/31/2017

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