PORTFOLIO OF WANG ZHENG
B.Arch, Tongji University, Shanghai, China M.ARCH (CANDIDATE 2012), UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN, IL, USA applicant for INTERNSHIP to KOHN PEDERSeN FOX ASSOCIATES, SHANGHAI
INTRODUCTION The projects selected in this portfolio recorded my thinking of the problems that I met during my architecture design and survey in my bachelor degree study, my master degree study, and my gradual transition on ideas, creation and expression. In China, especially in Shanghai, which has large amounts of historical blocks and buildings, exploitation happens every day, and how to coordinate the conservation with exploitation is the most important question that our architects should consider. I tried to find the balance between conservation and exploitation, tradition and innovation, reality and ideality when I worked on my studio projects during these years of architecture study. And I hope to show it in this portfolio of mine.
Selected Work 2005-2010
INDEX LEGACIES OF TRADITION EXTENSION VS MIXTURE RHYTHM FACADES & INTERSPACE WINDOWS OF THE CITY INTEGRATIONAL DESIGN OF URBAN COMMERCE CENTER HORIZONTAL EXTENSION VS VERTICAL DESIGN SURVEY AND DRAWING FINE ARTS
04-15 16-25 26-35 36-45 46-57 58-67 68-69 70-71
LEGACIES OF TRADITION
8-week forth year studio: Shopping Street in Campus 03/2009~05/2009 Floor area: 10194m2 Partner: Xu Chao & Xu Jieyu Role: concept, typeset, CAD drawing, model Instructor: Wang Bowei & Liu Min
The site of the shopping street was in a campus of Fujian province in the southeast of China. Nowadays the life on Chinese campus has become more complex and college students have taken a large percentage of consumers. How to make it convenient for college students’ shopping or how to make them interested in consuming was the main point of this design. From our survey before this design we found that there were some special characters that could establish this region such as the roof and some other traditional forms (which were called QiLou and GuoJieLou in Chinese). So we just decided to use “Legacies of Tradition” as our concept. And we plan to combine these traditional signals with our design in order to create the traditional environment in this shopping street. 05
expected entrance main road
landscape axise greenbelt
main road secondary road paths on the hill
teaching areas living areas hill other building adjust
The site was next to the student dormitories and there was a hill on the north of the site and to the south there were teaching buildings, canteens and playgrounds, which became the guide of our facades design. To the north we decided to divide the facades in order to make the consumers in the street would enjoy the beautiful sights of the green hill at any time, and to the south we used continuous facades, just left two or three entrances to the street.
First Floor Plan
We arranged the different function areas according to our survey about the needs of college students and restaurants, book store, clothes shops are the three main parts that made up the shopping street. We decided the percentage of these different commercial types. We didnâ€™t want to design a street that would easily see through so we make several corners in the street with the hope that to make the street more interesting, and how to make good sights on these corners was an another point of this design.
main circulation secondary circulation square service square Second Floor Plan
Skylines on different direction
clothes foods service gym hospital bookshop
South Elevation 08
bad Section 1
Prototype Section 2
The creation of the QiLou and GuoJieLou were important to the whole design. The spaces under the QiLou and GuoJieLou were the transition between the private spaces and public spaces, or between the indoor spaces and the outdoor spaces, which would be comfortable for people to stay. In order to create the similar atmosphere, we just put almost all the restaurants under QiLou and GuoJieLou, and arranged tables and chairs outdoor.
Tile Roof Steel Tripod Beam
Diagrams of Roof Brick Walls
Roof was another character that we focused on. And because of the new technologies of structure we examined several new arrangement of the traditional roofs. We tried several ways on how to make holes on these roofs and found reasons for each way. All these holes made the atmosphere of the street a little different and at the same time the street became interesting.
Hole of Roof: Tree
Hole of Roof: Light
Hole of Roof: View
Inner Elevation 12
EXTENSION VS MIXTURE 8-week third year studio: Hillside Sports Club Design 03/2008~05/2008 Floor area: 3600m2 Instructor: Zhang Li
The site was in south China and we were asked to select one place freely on the hill given to us as our site of this building. In my opinion, a sports club in such environment was a place embodying natural beauty and sports energy in space, so I chose â€œExtension VS Mixtureâ€? as my concept in order to achieve my purpose on creating a place where people could relax themselves both by taking exercises and enjoying the natural beauty. I hoped my design would be the extension of the hill without ruining the wonderful landscape.
Site Model 17
Vertical Axises Site Along The Hillside Southeast
Southeast Perspective 18
Main Entrance Path To The Lake
Path From The Lake
Path On Bank
Axises of Building
Paths and Entrances
Prevailing Wind Direction (Summer)
Gradient In China, because we are on the Northern Hemisphere, south and east are the best directions to receive sunshine. At the same time, in order to use the wind that was caused by this special terrain, I chose the place that lean against the hill on the northwest of the building, so most of the building would face southeast. The lake was another point that I considered, I wished that my design would combine the hill and the lake so that visitors here would enjoy the natural beauty of the hill and the lake at the same time 19
A principle that I used when I arranged the function spaces of the building was that I put those rooms with strenuous sports on lower floors and the rooms needed silence on upper floors. While considering the construction of the club, I mixed beams and columns with bearing wall, which was also a character of this club. 20
+19.4m Floor Plan
+ 14.5m & +15.2m Floor Plan
+ 10.3m Floor Plan
Perspective From South
Reading Room Coffee +4.9m & + 6.1m Floor Plan
Entrance Ping Pong
Billiards Outdoor Treeace
Bowling Circulation Concept
I designed lots of outdoor terraces for visitorsâ€™ actions and enjoyment of the landscape. It was hard to divide the actions outdoor from actions indoor in this design, so in order to make it convenient for visitors to travel between different floors, I considered the design of circulation outdoor the same important as the design of circulation indoor. 21
4 7 3
There was a lot of sunshine in south China and when it was in the day time, especially in summer, how to keep out of direct sunlight and how to avoid too much sunshine was one of the most important considerations in the design of environment control. I made the awnings extend a certain length out of the walls in order to achieve this goal and to make sure the rooms would get enough sunlight.
Most of the rooms of this club faced to the direction of summer prevailing wind, and how to use this kind of natural energy well to achieve the purpose of energy saving was another consideration in environment control design. A special ventilation component was fixed to the windows. Wind would go from the bottom into the rooms, be heated by the solar energy, go up, and then go out of the rooms to realize self-ventilation.
The depth of the building perpendicular to the hillside was too big for wind to reach by self-ventilation only. So we needed induced ventilation here to realize natural ventilation on the whole scale. I used staircase to match the goal of induced ventilation. The staircase was put almost in the middle of the building to induce wind from the windows of rooms to corridors.
Sunshine Induced Ventilation Self-ventilation
1 -- Outer Facade 2 -- Inner Facade 3 -- Ventilation Components 4 -- Concrete Column 5 -- Ceiling 6 -- Concrete Clab 7 -- Hollow Floor
Extream Strong Normal Weak Quiet
Field of View
Diagram of Views
Absorbing 270'C views in the club
Design of views was an important part in this project. I tried to relate views to activity intensity in order to arrange the windows on the elevation. In my opinion, visitors taking activities as Ping-Pong and Bowling may not need too much views to landscape and those visitors who were drinking or talking may take much time enjoying the natural beauty. So I designed the elevations according to the tables above showing the relationship between activity intensity and field of views.
Perspective of Cafe
The site was in historical residential blocks in the city of Shanghai where brick walls were the main bracing structure of the houses. We were asked to remove any three houses and put our building on the site of the them. It was almost the center of the city and exploitation of the new buildings and conservation of the old residential houses were always like a pair of contradiction. It was a good chance for us to learn how to make architecture design in a large scale of background, like in a city, and from which point we could coordinate the contradiction. From the picture of this site we found that the roofs of the houses made up the unique texture of the city and my design began with the continuation of this rhythm.
RHYTHM FACADES & INTERSPACE 8-week third year studio: Museum of Folk Art 11/2007~01/2008 Floor area: 1800m2 Instructor: Dong Chunfang
figure ground relationship
The continuation of the west facades, the pediments, the windows and the domers make up the features of these historical residential houses. And such forms of residential areas are called ShiKuMen in Chinese, in which there would be several families in one building. These houses' age are more than half a century. The situations there are not suitable for living and neither for the arrangement of the functions of the modern buildings. Residents here want to move out, but they still have the love complex with the old houses. It seems paradoxical. My concept was to combine the new parts of my museum with the traditional forms and structures of the old buildings. The first step was to merge my buildingâ€™s facades into these characteristic facades.
New Part Of The Museum
Two different functions
Connection of the two parts
Add adjective parts
Exhibition rooms' positions
Exhibition rooms' shape
View to the yard
Remaining of The Old Houses
Structures of the old houses
Changes of the shape
Position of the yard
Ways to the yard
Coordination to the new
View to the yard
View to the yard
Ways to the yard
I divided the building into two parts; one was the new one that was mainly for the exhibition rooms and offices, the other one was the remaining of the old houses which was only for the exhibition rooms. The museum was the combination of these two parts. There was also a yard surounded by other parts of the building like the traditional formation of Chinese houses, which was for outdoor exhibition, and for the outdoor actions of the residents in these blocks at the same time. 30
Position of the yard
Section 1: two-floor high exhibition room
Section 2: connetions of exhibition rooms
Section 3: connetions of view
Section 4: intersect of the new and the old
The rhythm of the interspaces was like â€œold-new-oldnew-oldâ€?, in which the new part had two-floor high exhibition rooms while the old had only one floor high rooms. Both were connected by the corridor that in which visitors could see the yard and the out spaces. Perspective of Interspaces
Section 5: connections of different floors
Section 6: yard and the building
1 Tile roofs with domers just leave for the remaining parts, and concrete roofs for the new parts. 1 2 3 1
4 Concrete columns and beams are the main bracing stuctures of the building, tripod beams are specially for the remaining tile roofs.
Remaining walls, which were mainly built by sticks, with small windows on them.
5 Second Floor
New parts of the museum, with concrete walls, slabs and face brick.
It was impossible to divide spaces with the whole old structures, and I had to remove some of the old walls and build some concrete columns and beams as the new parts. Tripod beams were used in order to enforce the tile roofs in case the destroy of the roofs because of the removing of the old walls. The concrete faรงades also established the new parts of the museum. 34
7 Underground Floor
1.Exhibition Rooms 2.Yard 3.Office 4.Shop 5.Classroom 6.Reasearch room 7.Storage 35
WINDOWS OF THE CITY 8-week forth year studio: High-Rise Hotel Design 09/2008~11/2009 Floor area: 42940m2 Instructor: Chen Hong 36
Prototype & Origin
Site Main Road Secondary Roads
Site Plan The site of the high-rise hotel was almost on the edge of the city where the heights of the buildings around were most under 50m and what we were going to design was nearly 100m high, which means that this hotel would become the landmark of this block in a large scale area and the view of the visitors in the hotel would reach far. In view of that there was a historical stadium and residential blocks near the site, to the north of the site it was a greenbelt and to the south it was a business center, I took the concept of â€œWindows of The Cityâ€?, which means not only that visitors could see far out of the building, but also means that the hotel established the block.
Connection of View
Pictures of the Landscape
Business Center West Elevation
Diagrams of The Annex
Diagrams of The Tower
How to arrange the faรงades of the building and how to distinguish different parts of the tower were important in expressing my concept. In this phase I just decided to choose which kind of facades by making models by hand, and finally I chose to use glazed curtain walls.
Diagrams of The Structure
Typical Floor Plan
Semi-Typical Floor Plan
First Floor Plan
View of The Annex
Second Floor Plan
View of The Tower
Third Floor Plan
View of The Yard
Underground Floor Plan
The concept of “Windows of The City” was also used to design the sights in the annex. An inner yard was created almost in the center of the annex, which would become the focus—visitors coming to the hotel would enjoy the sights of the yard from every direction except the north. Considering that some visitors just came to have a meeting or have a meal without going onto the tower, no matter whether they were waiting to register, drinking coffee, or they were talking by the tables , waiting for the elevators. The north of the yard faced to the greenbelt on the north of the site directly, that made the visitors could feel the “Windows of The City” in the annex too. 45
Connection Between the Site and Surrounding
Connection to the Metro Station on the East
INTEGRATIONAL DESIGN OF URBAN COMMERCE CENTER
URBAN DESIGN FOR COMMERCE CENTER IN NANTONG ECONOMIC AND TECHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT ZONE 16-week fifth-year studio: final design 03/2010~06/2010 Site area: 331000m2 Partner: Yan Xiaoting Role: concept, typeset, CAD drawing, model, rendering Instructor: Zhangli 46
The final design was about urban design, and the site was in Nantong, Jiangsu province, China. We were asked to design the commercial center in Nantong technical economic area. This is an actual project which is under construction. What's more, considering architecture problems in urban scale is crucial to architects. Thus, taking this project as academic studio would make sense in preparing for architecture practice in the future. In this design, we took "unity" as our principle, which meaned that we wanted to merge the site into the context of the city instead of making the site as a lonely island. We used "integration" as our concept and created several methods in order to connect the site with the surrounding on different layers. At the same time, we introduced a big lake and super high-rise buildings into our site with the purpose to make a continuation of the present urban context. What's more, we made detailed guidelines for this urban design. In the final review of this studio, our project was praised as "with high operability and practicality", and graded A.
Underground Connection to Nengda Commercial Area on the North
Bridge Connection to Xinghu 101 Project on the West47
Langshan Beauty Spot
Programs Around the Site
Ways to the Site
Height of Buildings
Programs in Axonometric Drawing
Parking Public Space Retail Food Mall Chamber Shopping Apartment Recreation Hotel Office
Outdoor Space Entrance to Site Vertical Transportation Important Landscape Indoor Space
1st to Underground 2nd to 1st
Programs in Plan
Public Space Analysis51
More than 100m 50m - 100m 24m - 50m Less than 24m
East Elevation Parking to Parking
Connection of Parking and Public Space
Parking to Public Space
Skyline on the East Legends of Spaces
Skyline on the West
Transportation on the 1st Floor
Roads for Goods Roads in Residential
West Elevation Skyline on the South
Center Public Space Urban Roads
Shopping Mall and Office
Shopping Mall and Office
Public Terraces on the 2nd Floor
South Elevation 52
Underground Level Spuare
Axis Zone A: Office and Hotel This zone works as the gate of the whole site, thus we designed high-rise buildings in order to reinforce the axis and guide those people coming to this commercial area
Zone D: Retail and Food These areas are next to the center lake and having the best view, so we disigned retail and food with interesting spaces. In order not to hindle the view to the lake, these buildings are not tall.
Center Lake Center Square
People Zone B: Residential Buildings This zone is next to the college on the east. Considering that students and faculty need condominiums, we designed this residential buildings.
Zone E: Mall and Hign-rise This area works as the end of the urban axis and urban landscape, so it is a crucial area. We put the super mall and super hign-rise buildings here hoping to make it as the function center and landscape center.
Zone C: Supermarkets This area is on the northwest corner of the site. Considering the height of the buildings around, these supermarkets were decided 4-floor and serving people living around.
Zone F: Office and Recreation According to the analysis of the distribution of the programs around, we decided to put office center and recreations here as the supplement to the mall and super high-rise buildings next to them.
Underground Green Spaces
Ways to the Site
Ground Level Green Spaces
Towards the Lake
Enter the Gate
Enter the Site
Ways to the Site
Commercial Area on the Northeast
Routes in the Project
From Residential to the Center Landscape Enter the Commercial Center on the Northwest Enter the Business Districts on the Southwest
Area Design: Area 1 Features: Combinations of several components of landscape. Break
Dynamic and Silent Zones
Facades Comparision: Continuous facades along the road to make unity. Diveded facades are for the shops along the courtyard for convenience of people to go across from one courtyard to another.
Paths Comparision: Straight lines with vertical transportation along the road, and "O" shape paths in the courtyard in order to create interesting space experiences.
Spaces Comparision: Linear spaces along the road, and "O" shape space in the courtyard. The scale of the latter is more intimate and easier to create sense of private spaces.
Area Design: Area 2 Features: Create different kinds of intresting shopping spaces, and create a dynamic shopping atmosphere by designing dynamic building facades.
HORIZONTAL EXTENSION VS VERTICAL DESIGN
THE NEW TOMPKINS SCHOOL OF ART & DESIGN, TRANSFORMING THE POST-INDUSTRIAL LANDSCAPE 16-week first-year graduate studio: 09/2010~12/2010 Site: Ithace Gun Factory, Ithaca, New York 58Instructor: Pual Hardin Kapp
The site of this studio project was in Ithaca, New York. The original building was a factory which produced guns. Now the factory is out of use, and it is going to be transformed into an art school. Including the normal programs in every school like class rooms, offices and library, some other infrastructures such as gym, dining hall and apartments for both students and faculty need to be arranged in these histroical buildings. The key point of this project is a combination of preservation and reconstruction. I chose "horizontal extension and vertical design" as my concept. "Horizontal extension" concerns with a natural environment both around and in the building, and "vertical design" concerns with the use of vertical spaces to create public spaces and link different floors of the building.
Original Pictures Key Words: Preservation, Nature, Kayuga Lake
Preserved Walls and Truss
Removed Walls and Roof
Added Walls and Roof
Changed Walls and Truss
1. Self-tapping Screw 2. Caulking with Ointment 3. Bituminous Waterproofing Rools 4. 0.6" Steel Sheet, 0.3% Sloping 5. Waterproofing Mortar 1. Stainless Drainage 2. Steel Tube 3. Joint 4. Tempered Glass 5. Variable Section Steel Beam 6. Storm Sewer
Detail 1: Waterproofing
Detail 2: Canopy
B-B Section Vertical Design Diagram
C-C Section 66
D-D Section 67
SURVEY AND DRAWING 4-week forth year field trip: Recording the International Communication Office of HuJiang University, Shanghai, China 07/2008-08/2008 Partner: WangYao WangWanxin ZengKun Role: Elevation Survey, Freehand Drawing, and CAD Drawing
RESUME Personal Information Wang Zheng 103 E. Chalmers, # 303, IL, 61820, USA E-mail: email@example.com Phone: 1-217-419-9336 Objective To obtain an offer of internship. Education Collage of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai, China Bachlor of Architecture GPA in overall: 4.15/5 School of Architecture, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA Master of Architecture GPA in 1st Semester: 3.35/4 Scholarships and Awards Third-class Scholarship. 2005-2006 [Tongji University] Second-class Prize of “Concepts of Future House, EXPO2010”.04/2007 [Shanghai] Studio Projects & Research Experience Library Design 09/2007-11/2007 [Tutor: You Yinan Score: 87]
Museum for Folk Arts 11/2007-01/2008 [Tutor: Professor Dong Chunfang Score: 88-2] [In this design I mentioned the concept “Rhythm Facades and Interspaces” in order to combine new parts of the museum and the conservative parts of the original houses in the historical blocks. I used modern structures to express this concept.]
Hillside Club Design 03/2008-05/2008 [Tutor: Zhang Li Score: 90] [I chose my site in view of the sights, sunlight and natural ventilation. To the building, I began with the research of the sections and the whole made the building as the extension of the hill.] Commercial Complex Design 05/2008-07/2008 [Tutor: Huang Ping Score: 83] High rise Hotel Design 09/2008-11/2008 [Tutor: Chen Hong Score: 86] [The site was among the buildings with the heights lower than 50m while our goal was to design a hotel as tall as 100m, which made the building as the landmark of this block and the visitors in the hotel would see far from the tower. So I used the concept of “Windows of The City”, which both meant that the hotel established the blocks, and visitors would enjoy the wonderful sights of the city.] Residential Planning 11/2008-01/2009 [Tutor: Professor Li Zhenyu Score: 85] Shopping Street in Campus 03/2009-05/2009 [Tutor: Professor Wang Bowei & Professor Liu Min Score: 90] [It was a shopping street design mainly for students on campus in Fujian province, south China. We did this design in groups and I took part as the leader. I mentioned the concept of “Ligancies of Tradition”. We reconstructed the characters that would establish the feature of this area with the modern structure and managed to create the traditional environment in this street. ]
Museum for Hongyi Rabbi Design 05/2009-07/2009 [Tutor: Professor Dong Chunfnag & Professor Mu Xiaohu] [Score:85] INTEGRATIONAL DESIGN OF URBAN COMMERCE CENTER 03/2010-06/2010 [Tutor: Zhangli Score:A] The final design was about urban design, and the site was in Nantong, Jiangsu province, China. We were asked to design the commercial center in Nantong technical economic area. In this design, we took "unity" as our principle, and merged the site into the context of the city instead of making the site as a lonely island. We used "integration" as our concept and created several methods in order to connect the site with the surrounding on different layers. At the same time, we made detailed guidelines for this urban design. In the final review of this studio, our project was praised as "with high operability and practicality", and graded A. HORIZONTAL EXTENSION VS VERTICAL DESIGN 09/2010-12/2010 [Tutor: Paul Hardin Kapp Score: B+] The site of this studio project was in Ithaca, New York. The original building was a factory which produced guns, and it is going to be transformed into an art school. The key point of this project is a combination of preservation and reconstruction. I chose "horizontal extension and vertical design" as my concept. "Horizontal extension" concerns with a natural environment both around and in the building, and "vertical design" concerns with the use of vertical spaces to create public spaces and link different floors of the building.
Social Practice & Internship National Third General Investigation of Historical Buildings 06/07/2008-16/07/2008 [Fangsan Lane, Xuchang Road, Yangpu District,Shanghai] [We investigated the age, the conditions of conservation, and the usage now of the buildings. The work was handed on in pictures and computer drawings.] Survey and Drawings of International Communication Office, Shanghai University of Science and Technology 17/07/2008-02/08/2008 [Our task was to make measurements of the International Communication Office and register the conditions of this historical building now. Our work was handed on in accurate computer drawing.] Internship in Daqing Oilfield Engineering Company Limited 08/2008-09/2008 [Role: Assistant Architect in the Design of Center of Activity for Olds.] Internship in HENN Architecture Design Office, Germany, Shanghai Branch 07/2009-09/2009 [Role: Assistant Architect in the Design of CHINA MOBILE Office Building in Shijiazhuang, Hebei province, and Assistant Architect in reconstructing of workshop of Audi, in Haerbin, Shenyang, and Tangshan.]
Computer skills 3D Representation: AutoCAD 2008, Sketch Up 6, V-Ray for Sketch Up Graphic Design: Adobe PhotoShop CS, Adobe Indesign, Adobe Illustrator Management: Microsoft office package, Adobe Acrobat 7 73
Wang Zheng Master of Architecture, Candidate 2012 School of Architecture, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 103 E. Chalmers, #303, IL 61820, USA E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: 1-217-419-9336