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“Wisdom is like a baobab tree ;

no one individual can

embrace it. � ~ Akan proverb


EDITO CONTENTS Summer is the season by excellence where any fantasy is allowed. From an exotic holiday destination, what about a Fabulous shisha bar in Casablanca or South Africa, as in this issue we explore the pros and cons of shisha Bar. A summer flirt also could be an approach with our new and vibrant Mohawk or in a dining table with the most diverse and delicious African dishes or Style experimentation with a Linmir Olivia Headband for Sassiness. Everything is permitted and no one will judge you. It is the best season to Dream and Dare to leave your dreams with Safety. Enjoy your Summer Holidays

Ahmed Sallaheddine

[3]

Edito

3

Politcs

4

Artist of the month: Linda Merimbe

8

Gusto

10

Cinema

13

Wana People

14

Social Issue

18

Musique

21

Fashion

22

High - Tech

24

DĂŠcouverte

26

Short story

28


POLITICS African Union, from dream to nightmare. (Part I) By Lionel SOPPO Few days ago, the Heads of African’s States were in

Actually, seeing the African Union as a failure today is

th

Addis Ababa to celebrate the 50 anniversary of the

tough. Tough because at the roots, this project owned

African Union. We were astonished to see how happy

everything to be successful. Indeed, during the 60th,

and proud they were, as a builder who has done a

when independence’s fathers thought not about the

great job, and looks his masterwork with pride. But the

African Union, but the United States of Africa, we are

point is that no one is seeing his masterwork except

deeply convinced that their dreams and ambitions for

him, merely because there is no masterwork around. In

the continent were bigger than this poor result in front

fact, there is nothing but the rocks.

of our eyes. Those over-ambitious young men such as Garvey, W.E.B Dubois, Padmore, Kenyatta, Nkrumah, Um Nyobè , Lumumba, Nasser and the others who have fought had huge dreams. So huge that some of them gave their life to ensure to the posterity freedom and bequeath to us a

Ruben Um Nyobe

wealthy and prosperous continent. But the fact is that African Union today is a wreck. And for this reason, we must ask ourselves one question: Do we really think that this AU is the one in Marcus Garvey’s mind, when he spoke about an “Africa strong, Kwame Nkrumah and Gamal Abdel‐Nasser

united and flourishing”?

[4]


ing the same in the future. After deep thought, we finally figured out some reasons of this failure. Indeed, after making the resolution about creating an African Federal State, Nkrumah and the others decided to share their thoughts and their wisdom with their Patrice Lumumba

counterparts, because they were deeply convinced

No one can explain how this almost born project during

that they would give their support at this project.

th

the 5 Panafricanist congress in Manchester in 1945 In fact, how could they picture that Africa’s sons would

when Dubois, Lumumba, Kenyatta, Padmore and

be the one to set hindrance on their way?

Nkrumah have made a decisive step toward the creation of United States of Africa by coming to an agree-

How could they picture only one second that their

ment about setting up a Federal African State - could

main foes would be their own brothers?

still be today in embryonic stages. In fact, when they shared this great African project to their counterparts, instead of being excited about it, they strongly disagreed and were fiercely against it. Among those dissidents, Senghor the Senegalese head of State, followed by Nigeria, Liberia, Ethiopia, and numerous formers French colonies. G. Padmore

M. Garvey

We are wondering about knowing why did this noble idea fail? What did really happen? Because we are panafricanist from the bottom of our heart, and we truly believe that it’s not too late to revive the dream of Panafricanism’s fathers, we have attempted to figure out which kind of hurdles have led the project of such brilliants minds to failure. Nevertheless, complaining it’s not the aim, but find out

P. Lumumba and K. Nkrumah

and understand the mistakes of the past, to avoid mak-

[5]


Surprisingly, they asserted that it was too early to build an

However, it is important to point out that if Nkrumah and his

union, they added that union had to begin through an eco-

friends agreed to merge with those disagreed with their pro-

nomic cooperation.

ject, it is merely because they strongly believed that they will

Consequently, Kwame Nkrumah from Ghana, Gamal AbdelNasser from Egypt, Sekou Toure from Guinea and many panafricanist leaders, totally stunned and shocked about this

at the end won their counterparts over, and the latter would finally come around and see the soundness of their proposition.

stance, decided to create a group named “The Casablanca Group”

Gamal Abdel-Nasser In fact, they were too far from the truth, because the idea of having in front of them a mob of selfish people, totally rot-

Sekou Toure

ten to the core never crossed their minds. Unquestionably,

Members of this group were Ghana, Egypt, Mali, Guinea, Libya and Morocco. The opposite group was “The Monrovia Group”. Within it, Senegal, Nigeria, Liberia, Ethiopia and

they could not know that OAU was just a trap, with main goal the immobilization of the continent and its effective separation. They could not know that many of “the Mon-

most of former French colonies.

rovia Group” members, because they were first in European

Voila! Africa was split!

parliament as deputies, felt themselves more European than

Although the situation was becoming more and more com-

African. Thus, more disposed to protect Europeans interests.

plicated to accomplish the build of the USA (United States of Since then, OAU turned into African Union (AU). The former Africa), panafricanist leaders still had hope to see their

was lackluster, weak and useless, the new one too, without

“brothers” make up their minds, and act in the interest of

any authority and credibility.

the continent.

Lastly, it is important to highlight that those men had noble

Therefore, when in 1963, the Ethiopian Emperor Haile

heart, and it was primordial to underline all efforts they

Selassie the 1st invited both parties in Addis Ababa, “the

made to try building a strong and great Africa. But regretta-

Casablanca Group” accepted to negotiate with “the Mon-

bly, some Africans just concerned about their own interests,

rovia Group” in order to find a common ground. Thus they

made hindrance and impeached them to reach their goals.

made a compromise, and agreed to merge with “the Monrovia Group” to create the same year the Organization of

Following of this analysis in the next WANAMAG issue.

African Unity (OAU).

(French version of this analysis on facebook: Rising Africa by Lionel SOPPO)

[6]


Lagos by night‌.

[7]


ARTIST OF THE MONTH Linda MIREMBE, Stylist By Cecile ESSONO

Ms Linda Mirembe,Uganda born designer is the founder and award-winner of LinmiR Millinery. Which two years ago, launched her very first commercial ready-to-wear LinmiR Olivia Headband as well as showcasing the entire 2013 collection to an exclusive audience on 11th April 2013 at The Nile Bar. The Uganda High Commission in London was proud to be part if this exclusive audience to enjoy LinmiR’s designs upclose. The LinmiR Olivia Headband Launch and 2013 Collection Showcase was the first of its kind by a Ugandan designer in UK. The designer showcased the different designs of the LinmiR Olivia Headband and her entire 2013 collection. [8]


Ms Mirembe has won the Designer of the Year BEFFTA (Black Entertainment Film Fashion TV Awards) and taken part in Young Designers Awards’ Radical Awards. She has also showcased at a number of both UK and international fashion events including London Fashion Week’s Fashion Finest, Mahogany Bridal Show, Maryland Fashion Week USA, Out of Africa (Dublin)Ireland, ‘50 Years of Fashion’ at Ug@50, UK to celebrate 50 years of Uganda’s independence, and dressed up Miss Uganda UK 2012 contestants. The Ugandan creative hat designer has made an appearance in the Hat Stand of British Vogue April issue. So,as black we are proud to see one of us putting a real mark in the world of fashion which is not an easy territory for African in Europe.Hopefully in the years to come we will have many more.

[9]


GUSTO

L’Afrique est un continent riche de couleurs, de sons divers et de fumets tous aussi variés que délicieux. Non seulement délicieux mais aussi riches en nutriments et terriblement nourrissants. Aujourd’hui nous vous proposons de découvrir l’Afrique en saveurs, mets typiques par région, du nord au sud de l’Afrique. Par Alice-Maêlle K.

Afrique du Nord : Le couscous L’Afrique du Nord est renomme pour son couscous. Ce plat est l’ambassadeur de l’Afrique de Nord et la quintessence de la finesse de l’art culinaire nord-africain. Ce plat est fait à base de semoule de blé dur, agrémenté de pois chiches, et selon les gouts de chacun, de raisins secs. La préparation est relativement simple : de la semoule, du jus de cuisson (de légumes, viande ou poisson selon de choix d’accompagnement), des pois chiches et des raisins (pas forcement dans cet ordre) et hop, le tour est joué. Au poisson ou aux légumes, au bœuf ou au mouton, le couscous fait beaucoup plus que ravir les palais, il nous transporte en Afrique du Nord de par la variété de ses épices.

[10]


Afrique Centrale : Ndolé Le très célèbre légume amer généralement est retrouvé et très largement consomme au Nigeria (bitter leaf ou Ofe Onugbu) et au Cameroun (Ndolé). C’est une plante légumière amère dont les feuilles sont consommées vertes ou séchées. Le Ndolé (prononcez Ndo-Lai) est un plat traditionnel, pas du tout amer malgré l’amertume naturelle des feuilles fraichement cueillies. Il provient principalement de la province du Littoral du Cameroun. Il se consomme dans une sauce faite à base d’arachide dite blanche, de viande de bœuf et de crevettes fraiches et accompagnée de banane-plantain (ou aloco), de miondo (bâton de manioc) ou tout autre féculent selon le gout de chacun. Le Ndolé aurait aussi des vertus thérapeutiques.

Afrique de l’Ouest : Le Thieboudienne

Afrique de l’Est : Ugali et Nyama Choma

C’est la région de l’Afrique où le Thieboudienne (ou Tchep) est roi. Le Thieboudienne (mot wolof) est un met constitué principalement de riz et de poisson, avec quelques légumes tels que carottes, aubergines, tomates et du manioc comme unique tubercule du repas. Il est largement répandu en Afrique de l’Ouest et communément appelé « Riz Sénégalais » ou « Riz Gras ». Ce plat est excellent et plein de légumes (gros plus pour une bonne santé). Faites donc un tour dans le restaurant ouest-africain le plus proche et vous m’en direz des nouvelles.

La cuisine de l’Afrique orientale est majoritairement caractérisée par les influences de l’Inde, l’Angleterre, le Liban de par son ouverture au côté oriental du monde. Néanmoins, le plat le plus consommé dans cette région est l’ugali, Couscous à base de farine de maïs, et le Nyama Choma qui n’est rien d’autre que de la viande (bœuf, porc, mouton, ou autres viandes de chasse) grillée.

[11]


Afrique de Sud : Pap et Wors et Bobotjie Le « Pap and wors » (prononcez pap and Vors) est ce met traditionnel de l’Afrique australe est très largement consomme dans la région, quelle que soit la classe sociale. Le pap n’est autre que du couscous (ou ugali en Afrique orientale). Le pap est donc accompagné de wors (ou boerewors), des saucisses de viande de bœuf, porc ou mouton assaisonnées et grillées, le tout rehaussé d’une sauce de légumes (petits pois, tomates, maïs doux, oignons) appelée « Chakalaka ». Mais encore plus populaire, c’est le bobotjie (prononcez bo-bow-tie). Le bobotjie est un plat traditionnel cuisiné depuis le 17ème siècle. C’est un plat gratiné au four qui à l’époque se mangeait avec du porc ou du mouton mais maintenant plutôt avec de la viande de bœuf ou de l’agneau hachée et agrémentée de poudre de curry, du sambal ou du chutney, du gingembre, de la marjolaine, du zeste de citron, des oignons, des fruits secs comme des abricots ou des raisins secs avec une garniture faite à base d’œufs et de pain. Ce plat s’accompagne généralement avec du riz basmati. Au vue des nombreuses épices, il semblerait qu’il soit inspiré de la cuisine des Indes orientales principalement du Bobotok indonésien et se consomme en Zambie, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Afrique du Sud, [12]


CINEMA Quand la fiction reflète la réalité… Elections, galères, jeunesse, rébellion, sacrifice, ces quelques ingrédients pour concocter des œuvres illustrant au mieux la réalité vécue dans les contrées africaines. Par Kate Mouliom

LE PRESIDENT, de Jean-Pierre BEKOLO (sortie 2013)

ATTALAKU, de Dieudo HAMADI (sortie Mars 2013) La veille des élections présidentielles de 2011 en République Démocratique du Congo, un pasteur sans-le-sou vend ses services d'animateur de rue au candidat le plus offrant devenant Attalaku, « crieur » en Lingala. Ici est mises en exergue la force de cet étonnant mode de communication et son influence sur la population qui, au final est la seule détentrice de pouvoir dans un état démocratique.

Après l’œuvre controversée, « Les Saignantes », le réalisateur Bekolo nous revient avec ce film qui amène à nous questionner sur le régime présidentiel d’un pays, présent depuis plus de 40 ans. Sont alors mis en scène une population qui subit l’injustice d’un dirigeant fatigué mais qui s’enracine sans vergogne sur son trône, une jeunesse révoltée qui espèrent en vain d’être écoutée et bien d’autres acteurs tels que la presse, le gouvernement en place… Ce film politique révèle une réalité qui perdure malgré la mondialisation et la lutte pour la démocratisation des pays encore sous le règne de dictateurs indifférents à la souffrance de leurs peuples.

W.A.K.A, de Françoise ELLONG (sortie 2013) C’est l’histoire touchante de Mathilde, mère d’un petit garçon conçu dans des circonstances barbares, se battant bec et ongles contre les aléas de la vie pour le bonheur de son fils. Au chômage, elle opte alors pour la prostitution pour subvenir à leurs besoins. Et c’est avec la tête haute, elle fera preuve de sa force et de son combat face à cette descente aux enfers. La brillante Franco-Camerounaise du haut de ses 25ans, réalise là une petite merveille, gratifiée d’une projection de la première version du film au 66e Festival de Cannes de mai dernier. A l’aide de fonds collectés, Françoise Ellong met sur pied ce qui n’était au départ qu’un projet dans le but d’illustrer l’amour d’une mère pour son enfant en ce temps de crise et d’insécurité. [13]


WANA P

NELSON OM By Abel

WANA Mag: What are some challenges you faced as an international student, how did you overcome these challenges? Nelson Omoragbon: As an international student (“an immigrant”), I experienced cultural shocks! I was so afraid of losing my African identity. I still wanted to be able to keep my accent. I wanted to be able to walk down on Flatlands, Fulton, Flatbush, Jamaica and Myrtle Avenues; and see hard-working, yet cheerful people gyrating on street corners. It was different. I noticed an individualistic society. I couldn’t get accustomed to the fact that there were actual pan-handlers in America.

I did not understand the seriousness of the AfricanAmerican struggle until I migrated to the United States. Racism is everywhere. The effects of slavery still lingering. This is evident if you have settled in and lived here for a while. The shock from the formal education system is inevitable. It’s challenging enough adapting to multitheoretical approaches of learning. In school, I had to deal with good-intentioned classmates that were clueless about the African culture. I had a few peers wonder in disbelieve when I informed them it was my first time seeing a lion in person while we visited the zoo on a pre-college school trip. Financial challenges came from being illinformed about scholarship and sponsorship opportunities for minorities, which are now readily accessible to students who engage in extracurricular activities on campus. Most of my challenges came from adapting to a mostly contrasting culture, as well as adapting to new ways of excelling in school. Through socialization with people of varying cultures, I have bridged gap and campaign against stereotyping. The African youth is responsible for upholding the African culture while being open-minded to other cultures. What misconceptions would you like to change and how? The misconception about Africa being a country, rather than a continent is pathetic. Africa is made up of several countries, each housing several states; and each state housing several tribes with diverse cultures. They need to be taught that the African culture is unique in its ability to unite multi-tribes. In addition, people have a severe misconception that Africa is such a poor continent made up of a series of small huts, dry deserts, loose wild animals, and starvation. It’s my hope that the African youth, through [14]


PEOPLE

MORAGBON Belema In my roles as active member and supporter of the Haitian American Students Association at Brooklyn College, we strived to display the similarities between the West Indian, Caribbean, and African cultures. The African and Haitian cultural student clubs continue to be family. In my role as pioneer and coordinator of CUNY-ASA, we have fostered unity and created a support system amongst college students of African descents from various college campuses via social-educational and charitable engagements. How can the youths of Africa and African Diaspora become more involved and passionate about their culture? community engagements across cultures, spread the beauty of the motherland. Africa is a rich continent with surplus natural resources, uninterested in hand-outs. The Africa that I know is filled with hard-working people full of life. Africa is vulnerable to exploitation from selfproclaimed international charitable organizations; and these methods should be discouraged. The African Youths and its leaders, if held accountable, can solve its own problems During college were you involved in any cultural groups, what role did you have? N. O: During College, I was actively involved in several cultural student groups. I had executive board as well as active membership roles. In my roles as an active member, Vice President, or President of the West African Student Association at Brooklyn College, we created a force to be reckoned with on campus while fostering unity amongst students of African descents. . The African youths on campus were inspired and together we drove the African culture throughout campus. [15]

First, there has to be willingness and interest on the part of the youths of Africa and African Diaspora with regards to becoming more involved and passionate with their culture. I recommend researching about and attending local community cultural events, becoming an active member of African Youth Movements, attending local college African Student Association meetings and events, attending African picnics and similar events, and involvement in events whose aim include African cultural awareness as well as unification of people of the African descent. The youth of Africa in Diaspora can become passionate about the African culture if his/her willingness and interests are encouraged and nurtured by other existing African Youth leaders. How do you envision Africa to be in ten to twenty years? I envision that most African youths will work together to ensure a technologically-advanced continent.


your life time? In my lifetime, I would like to see great improvements in attaining a United States of Africa. I would like to see a system of government that succeeds in uniting all African countries into a single umbrella nation, regardless of language barriers and conflict of interest. It has to be a peaceful transition. Leaders have to be elected by character. What makes you so passionate about your culture? It’s almost impossible for an African immigrant not to appreciate and be passionate about the African culture. It comes natural. I embrace the African culture because it’s the best culture I have known that’s reflected in my aura. What country are you representing? What are you most proud of about your country ? I represent Nigeria, a country in the Western part of Africa. I love the cultural diversity that exists within. I am excited that Nigeria is recognized as a country that takes on leadership roles in affairs that affects Africa. I am mostly proud of the Nigerian youth’s educational and professional achievements around the world.

The race to stabilize electricity would be achieved in most parts of Africa. Africans will become selfsufficient of its natural resources and engage in more revenue generating exports. The African currencies will be matched 1-to-1 unit with the top currencies of its day. The African entertainment affairs will cross-over into mainstream entertainment. African fabrics will be sorted-after more than the continent has ever experienced. Most African youths will relocate back to Africa with aims of creating businesses and employment opportunities for the Youth of Africa. Africa will no longer be referred to as a third-world nation.

Are you currently involved in an organization that focuses on the empowerment and improvement of life for our youths? I am actively involved and render support within my capability to a host of organizations whose aim involves empowerment, improvement of life, and unification of the African youths in Diaspora. What is the name of this organization and what is the goal of this organization? Several organizations come to mind. I am actively involved in the affairs of CUNY-ASA, an organization comprised of youths of African descent.

What improvements would you like to see occur in

[16]


CUNY-ASA continues in its goal of creating a networking platform for African Student Associations and its members. The platform has been successful in empowering youths, preparing members for young African leadership roles, as well as unification of African youths. I am a strong advocate as well as supporter of the Edo Youth Movement, an organization that focuses on empowering the Edo youths (of Nigeria), in Diaspora, with resources necessary to thrive amongst other cultures while show-casing the rich culture of the Edo people. In this process, great attempts are made towards unification of the Edo youths. Other organizations such as B-Side Boyz and Edo Boyz aim to create a networking platform and improvement of life for the younger adult males of Edo origin. Are you an entrepreneur? I am involved in organizing, operating, and engaging in risk-taking business ventures with an ultimate goal of bringing the African youths together in social gatherings. I have been for several years. I have no idea how I got into entrepreneurship! However, legacies are being led; and the profits involved exceed risks taken, each time.

I wish WANA magazine many successful years in your endeavors to present culture through media.

What is the name of your company? Was your company influenced by African culture? Flashy Entertainment! Flashy Entertainment is an event consultant company, operating out of New York City. The African culture includes entertainment. It also includes collectively dancing to African music. Flashy Entertainment is deeply rooted in the African culture. It is entrusted with the responsibility of uniting the African youth by organizing events that create platforms for networking. What are your wishes for WANA Magazine?

[17]


E U S S I L A I C SO

Il ya quelques semaines, j'ai voyagé au Cameroun pour la première fois en 12 ans que j'ai quitté pour les ÉtatsUnis .Parmi les nombreuses choses que je voulais faire était la nécessité de se replonger dans le cinéma afrocentrique. La première chose que j'ai faite à l'arrivée, était de demander à mes cousins s'il y avait des films camerounais qui sont sorti récemment que je pouvais regarder. Avec beaucoup d'enthousiasme, j'ai demandé, tout le monde m'a dit de regarder "Le blanc D'eyenga", que j’aimerai. J'ai effectivement regardé le film mais je n'étais pas du tout aussi excité à ce sujet que tout le monde avait été. Pour moi, «Le blanc d'Eyenga" a eu un immense potentiel qu'il n'a pas réussi à essayer, passant d'un commentaire social important sur un grand problème au Cameroun, pour devenir une occasion manquée pour enseigner au public une leçon précieuse.

, par Dany A G N E Y ’E D LE BLANC

Isabe

d'Eyenga pourrait être appelé la refonte du film "Paris à Tout Prix", un film camerounais réalisé sept années plus tôt touchante sur le même sujet des jeunes Camerounais qui font tout ce qu'ils peuvent pour un billet hors du Cameroun vers l'Europe, où ils espérer trouver prospérité. La différence est que "Le blanc d'Eyenga" nous présente la nouvelle méthode utilisée pour sortir du pays. Aujourd'hui, les jeunes Camerounais investissent du temps dans les cybercafés, dans l'espoir de séduire un homme blanc dont les promesses du mariage est leur billet de sortie. Le film fait un excellent travail à dépeindre les réalités du phénomène, en nous montrant jusqu'où une femme est prête à aller afin d'obtenir de l'homme, ainsi que les déceptions qui pourraient résulter de cyber amant. Eyenga qui est l'héroïne du film, est montré en prenant des photos de nu en désespoir de cause parce que tout ce qu'elle a essayé jusqu'ici n'a pas fonctionné. Elle n'a finalement atterrir un homme blanc qui, après quelques semaines de flirt internet, décide de venir au Cameroun afin qu'ils puissent s'épouser et revenir à Paris. Dès son arrivée, elle est déçue quand à l'aéroport, elle se rend compte qu'il est handicapé, ce qu'il n'a jamais mentionné sur Internet. Toujours Eyenga est prête a le garder parce que la récompense ultime est d'arriver à Paris qu'importe qu'il aurait omis ce petit détail? Après quelques jours, l'homme d’Eyenga (Jean-François)

Voici un petit retour en arrière sur le film. Le blanc [18]


elle MASADO

admet enfin que, en fait, il n'est pas bon du tout. Il était ingénieur en France, mais il a perdu son emploi et n’apas d'argent du tout et qu'il espérait qu'il ne pouvait pas rester au Cameroun avec Eyenga et de construire une vie ensemble. Furieux, Eyenga le frappe quand elle se rend compte que son rêve de l'Europe vient de glisser hors de sa main en quelques secondes. La tante de Eyenga le prend dans et prend soin de lui, souvent en le prenant sur le marché avec elle où elle vend du poisson grillé. Ils finissent par tomber en amour avec l'autre, ce qui nous amène au dénouement du film. Il s'avère que Jean-François était en fait un homme riche blanc qui est tombé en amour avec Eyenga. Cependant, après avoir entendu parler du phénomène des femmes camerounaises qui séduisent les hommes blancs que pour obtenir la nationalité française, il voulait être sûr qu'elle l'aimait vraiment en mentant au sujet d'être au chômage et de la dette. Maintenant que la tante d’Eyenga est celle qui se souciait de lui, malgré tout cela, c'est elle qui a peut se rendre à Paris. Le film se termine avec Jean François et sa nouvelle femme, tout habillé en partance sur Paris. Eyenga est là à pleurer et supplier de la reprendre. Il en va de son homme blanc, il y va de son rêve, et il en va de sa chance de vivre une belle vie à Paris. Bien qu'à première vue la réalisation du film a été bien fait, nous devons parler de la leçon qu'il nous enseigne. Ce que j'ai appris du film est que si vous [19]

êtes une bonne femme africaine, vous serez récompensé par un chevalier blanc en armure qui viendra vous prendre à l'Europe où vous pourrez vivre heureux pour toujours briller. Ce qui est problématique sur cette moral est qu'il écrase l'objectif de tout le film. Pourquoi parler du problème social des femmes qui font tout ce qu'elles peuvent pour aller en Europe, si à la fin vous perpétrer l'illusion d'un messie blanc? N'était-ce pas la racine du problème en premier lieu? Ce film a eu la chance d'exposer un point de vue plus africain typique dans laquelle nous nous rendons compte que l'homme blanc n'était pas la solution magique, que l'Europe n'est pas le paradis Eyenga avait rêvé. Il aurait été plus réaliste, il s'est avéré être vrai que Jean-François a été battu et a voulu venir séjourner au Cameroun pour reconstruire sa vie. Ce n'est pas du tout une idée farfelue compte tenu de la récente flambée des fuyants européens de la récession en se déplaçant vers

l'Afrique ou l'Amérique du Sud. Combien plus intéressant serait le film aurait été si ils ont réussi à dépeindre cette dichotomie camerounaise essayant désespérément d'atteindre le rêve européen, alors que les Européens où quitter leur pays pour trouver des débouchés dans les pays émergents?


Certes, on pourrait se dire que le film n'est pas si grave, ce n'est pas une grosse affaire. Cependant, je pense que c'est effectivement un gros problème. Nous sous-estimons la puissance du cinéma. Vous rappelez-vous la montée des enfants a appelé Brandon et Brenda suite à la popularité de Beverly Hills? Vous souvenez-vous de la popularité des vêtements avec Marimar sur elle suite à la popularité des émissions de télévision espagnoles? Et combien de personnes connaissez-vous qui rêvait d'Amérique en raison de ce qu'ils avaient vu à la télé? Si nous prenons le cinéma au sérieux comme il doit être pris, nous réalisons à quel point il était important pour "Le Blanc D'Eyenga" d'avoir un meilleur message à son auditoire que de glorifier les blancs comme nos sauveurs. Dans notre quête pour élever notre pays, pour élever notre continent, nous devons être hyper conscients de tout ce que nous faisons dans notre représentation de l'Afrique. Nous devons être fiers de qui nous sommes, suffisant pour rejeter l'idée selon laquelle un messie blanc enlèverait nos problèmes, il suffit de croire en notre capacité à façonner notre propre avenir. Si ce message afrocentrisme l'amour de soi ne vient pas de moi diaspora, prendre en exemple, Bousso Dramé une femme qui vit au Sénégal, elle a eu l'occasion de voyager en France après avoir remporté un concours, mais a rejeté le visa à cause de sa fierté d'son héritage africain, sa noirceur, son amour pour les gens qui ont souvent été traités comme des moins que rien. Essayons de garder nos Valeurs, notre Orgueil et produisons des produits qui représenteront Notre Afrique, y compris le cinéma africain.

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Styles musicaux africains: Les jeunes ont pris la relève ! Quand tu écoutes le Makossa, le soukouss, le mapouka, le ndombolo et que tu es empli de nostalgie, sache que c’est normal! Maintenant tu bouges sans retenue sous l’ Azonto, le Kpankaka, le « loko loko » ou encore la Naïja music, eh bien c’est parce que tu fais partie de la nouvelle génération de mélomanes friands de nouveauté et d’originalité! Par Kate Mouliom

MUSIQUE Ces cinq dernières années, on a été témoin de l’évolution des styles musicaux africains qui ne cessent de nous entrainer dans une frénésie hors-norme. En 2012, on découvre timidement ce style frais venu tout droit du Ghana, connu sous le nom de Azonto, inspiré des danses traditionnelles du pays. Passé non-stop dans les boîtes canadiennes, allemandes en passant par Londres, les jeunes adhèrent ! Les artistes tels que Sarkodie, E.L, Fuse, Gasmilla ou encore la sulfureuse Tiffany sont déjà considérés comme les symboles de ce nouveau style. Par contre, un style qui nous est familier, c’est bien la Naïja Music qui ne cesse de progresser à l’échelle internationale. P Square, Wizkid, D’Banj sont ces artistes phares qui ont déjà inscrites sur leur CV de nombreuses collaborations avec de grosses pointures du Hip Hop US. Ils semblent ne pas avoir peur des limites quant il s’agit de nous surprendre et de nous faire bouger. Enfin, comment ne pourrait-on pas parler de la musique du pays de Douk Saga et de son poulain Serge Beynaud ? Avec son tube « Loko Loko », ce jeune artiste ivorien nous prouve une fois de plus que depuis le succès du « Coupé Décalé », la Côte d’Ivoire a bien un style musical qui évolue au fil du temps et ce style reste incontestablement celui de l’ambiance et l’animation. On ne s’en lasse pas. Ces jeunes qui ont pris la relève, veulent nous faire comprendre, comme diraient nos cousins les ’ricains, que: « Sky Is My Limit » [21]


FASHION Mohawk Hairstyle is in ! By Kwin Valencia

Origins: Today the Mohawk hairstyle is loosely associated with people who listen to punk music. However, the history of this hairstyle delves far back into history, transcending different cultures and times. The name of this style originates from the Mohawk tribe of the Iroquois nation, who were the indigenous people of the northeastern part of North America. This tribe’s men were known to pull the hair out of the head until only a small square was left at the back crown of the head.

Progress: American jazz culture began to embrace the style during the 1950s as a visual statement against conformity. However, until punk music gain popularity in the late 1970s only a very small portion of the American population was even aware of the Mohawk. By the 1980s, it was not uncommon for celebrities outside of the punk genre to sport the style bringing it to the attention of the entire population.

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Women: Most of the hairstyles for black women are created to mean something and they do send a powerful message to the world. One of the most popular hairstyles for African American ladies is mohawk hairstyles for black women. There are many different styles and techniques in which you can get a Mohawk hairstyle. But what do these types of hairstyles for black women mean? For starters, we could say that a Mohawk looks very powerful and it is usually worn by women who have strong personality, who are confident, decisive, independent‌ These hairstyles are designed for women who are true fighters. Who would say that mohawk hairstyles for black women can mean that much? Women like Rihanna, Cassie, Alicia Keys, Jill Scott and more adopted the style and made it popular to young women in the society. Show Business: I am sure most of you have noticed how much celebrities love to rock the mohawk hairstyle in their movies, videos and even some cartoon characters like Gael from Street fighters, Barth Simpson and Titeuf to only name a few.

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CISCO Systems: The Rise and Future o mercial routers, they were not the first to make them. As mentioned earlier, William Yeager wrote the software for multiple protocol routers in 1981. In the same year, a company called Bridge Communications Inc. was started by Judy Estrin (current CEO of JLabs LLC) and Bill Carrico (former President/CEO of 3COM, now with Packet Design LLC) and was based in Mountain View, California. They made computer network bridges, routers, servers, etc. and they were experts in various kinds of networks. Bridge Communications was eventually purchased by 3COM on September 30, 1987.

History Cisco Systems Inc. is an American-based corporation that creates and sells mainly networking and communication technologies. Its main headquarters is in San Jose, California. It employs more than 65,000 people worldwide and it earns over $40 billion a year. It is listed on the Dow Jones, S&P 500, NASDAQ and other capital market indexes. Cisco as a company was started in 1984 by Len Bosack and Sandy Lerner. They were a married couple who were former computer operations staff at Stanford University. They were later joined by Richard Troiano. Sandy Lerner moved on to direct computer services at Schlumberger but returned full time to Cisco in 1987. Cisco's first product was an adapted multiple-protocol router, originally designed in 1981 by an American engineer named William Yeager. The company's first CEO was Bill Graves (1987 – 1988), followed by John Morgridge (1988 – 1995) and finally succeeded by John Chambers in 1995 who is still the current CEO.

Cisco’s predecessors

Cisco had beaten all their forerunners in the computer networking field by making numerous acquisitions over the years. Every company they bought made an additional contribution to their suite of products and services. One of the first companies acquired was StrataCom in 1996. StrataCom Inc. was a company from Cupertino, California and they were one of the first developers of the ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) networking technology, a connection-oriented methodology which provided bandwidth for high speed services across fiber-optic cables. In 1999, Cisco acquired the Cerent Corporation, a company from Petaluma, California that specialized in making fiber optical switches and other optical equipment. In 2006, Cisco acquired Scientific Atlanta, a Georgia, USA based company which made equipment for cable television, broadband and telecommunications. Their creations made possible the existence of high-speed services such as Video on Demand, Voice over IP and high speed internet. Last but not least, Cisco purchased Linksys in 2003. Linksys manufactured an array of networking products such as; broadband and wireless routers, Ethernet switches, VoIP equipment, network storage devices, etc.

While Cisco was one of the first to successfully sell com[24]


HIGH-TECH

of a Networking Giant By Patrick Ofonagoro

The acquisition of all these companies helped Cisco to develop multi-billion dollar business units that operate in the realms of Enterprise VoIP, Home Networking, Optical Networking, LAN Switching, etc.

audio and sets up two separate rooms to look as if they are one conference room or boardroom.

How does Cisco make money?

Cisco has quite a few new innovations on the horizon for the next few years. First of all they have begun experimenting in the realm of advanced computing, especially in regards to Artificial Intelligence. One of Cisco’s new advancements that are being developed is an internet-based AI known as the “Virtual Assistant”. This AI can perform functions such as opening and closing doors and turning on lights, all initiated by voice commands. Also, based on voice queries, the AI can even access the internet or any other network to access databases and other repositories in order to retrieve and display information. For example, a doctor in a hospital could ask Virtual Assistant to pull up the lab results for a particular patient over the last two weeks.

The Future of Cisco

Cisco earns their revenue from the array of networking products and software that they create and sell. Among the products they sell are; routers, switches, network adapter cards, wireless access points, software for network management and security, network access storage devices, blade servers, rack mount servers, etc. Cisco also provides a range of networking solutions for home owners, small businesses and organizations, government institutions, healthcare providers, manufacturers, etc. Furthermore, Cisco offers IT Professional certifications to train people to become experts of Cisco products. The certification exams are administered by Pearson VUE, an electronic testing company that conducts academic and professional exams such as GMAT, NCLEX, CompTIA, etc. Cisco was once solely a manufacturer of router products, but now they make so many other things. They make software-based products such as the CISCO IOS (Internetwork Operating System), a package used to manage routing, switching and internetworking functions on a Cisco based network. They also made CiscoWorks, a web based suite of tools written with Java programming and used for LAN management. Recently, one of Cisco’s subsidiaries, Pure Digital Technologies, made the “Flip Video”, a camcorder that records digital video in high definition. Videos are recorded at 1280x720 resolution and compressed with H.264 and AAC audio/video codecs. With this product, Cisco hoped to enter the digital video market in a bid to further expand its operations. Another interesting product from Cisco is the “Telepresence”, an advanced video conferencing technology which provides high definition video with 3D

One more innovation that is also being developed by Cisco is a touchscreen table which is based on Microsoft Surface technology. Objects or containers that have a chip tag on the bottom surface can be placed on the table and based on the information of the tag, the table can tell what the contents of the container are and provide other information. For example, a man can go to a pharmacy and place a bottle of pills on the counter (which is a touch-screen) and it will tell him if he is due for a refill or not. If you put 2 bottles on the counter which have different medication, the touchscreen will warn you that there is a drug interaction and you should consult your pharmacist or doctor. Also you can’t buy any drugs unless you place your ID card (driver’s license) on the table so that the pharmacy touch-screen computer can confirm your identification. The future is looking bright for Cisco Systems and as the years go by there will be even more innovations and advancements that will carry people to even higher levels of networking and computer technology.

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DECOUVERTE Phénomène Chicha en Afrique Par Hannan

La chicha encore appelée « Narguilé » et baptisée différemment selon les régions est une sorte de grande pipe à eau d'origine persane utilisée principalement dans le monde arabe et en Iran pour fumer le tabac. C’est une pipe orientale à long tuyau, équipée d'un petit réservoir d'eau parfumée traversé par la fumée lors de l'aspiration. La chicha permet donc de fumer une préparation à base de tabac nature ou aromatisée aux fruits. Origine Les traces les plus anciennes de narguilé ont été trouvées au sud ou à l'est de l'Afrique. L'émergence à plus grande échelle de son utilisation dans la société semble être simultanée à l'apparition des cafés publics et à l'arrivée du tabac au Moyen-Orient. A son apparition, la Chicha n’était utilisée que dans le monde arabe ; au moyen orient …etc. Mais depuis peu,on constate que le nombre de fumeurs augmente,en même temps que le nombre de café ou de salons chicha comme cela a été dit plus haut . Nous avons donc plusieurs modèles de chicha à savoir: le modèle indien;le modèle égyptien (qui est beaucoup plus répandu);le narguilé rotatif;le nouveau genre et les multi-tuyaux. Cependant il existe des chicha sans charbon. Avantages : Incroyable mais vrai : Cette nouvelle forme de fumer n'a pas tellement d'avantages,si ce n'est qu'elle permet juste de se rassembler dans un café de la place et discuter. Passer un bon moment entre amis au tour d'une chicha bien parfumée est devenu un hobby,le passe temps favoris des adolescents. C'est presque devenu une mode. Aussi,avec une chicha,nous avons une durée d'inhalation plus longue et une réduction du gout du charbon. Sur certaines,on peut trouver des filtres anti nicotine. La fumée de chicha ne contient pas plus de substances toxiques que la fumée du tabac,mais le volume de fumée y est beaucoup plus important. [26]


Inconvénients : Le tabac à chicha constitue un réel danger pour la santé. Beaucoup de jeunes pensent que la fumée du narguilé n'est pas nocive.Pourtant, les tests scientifiques prouvent sans aucun contrast que l'eau contenue dans le vase ne filtre pas les substances nocives de la fumée du tabac. En comparaison,un fumeur de narguilé fume pendant 20 à 80 minutes et inhale entre 50 et 200 bouffées de 0,15 à 1 litre chacun. Une séance de narguilé expose donc à un volume moyen de fumée correspondant à 100 cigarettes ou plus.Ceci dit, une bouffée de narguilé serait égale à 1 paquet de cigarettes.Cette fumée pénétrant les poumons ont alors des effet cancérigènes et pourraient tuer près d'un consommateur sur deux avant l'âge de 60 ans. S'agissant des tuyaux,ils doivent être changés régulièrement,pour ainsi éviter les risques de maladies tel que : l'herpès,l'hépatite,la tuberculose. C'est la raison pour laquelle de nos jours on a des pipettes qui sont servis avec la chicha. La chicha ou narguilé ou encore la pipe à eau séduit de plus en plus de jeunes dans le monde, surtout en Afrique. Mal informé des risques de cette pratique,ils y trouvent un agréable plaisir du fait de la fumée parfumée.Certains déclarent même que le narguilé permet de découvrir de nouvelles sensations;de nouveaux gouts,en laissant place à un réel moment de détente conviviale.

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SHORT STORY Together alone By Jane M.O.

So we got married. Or I got married. It’s all done. A new beginning, a new life, like we all dream of. The chance to do it all better, to prove to yourself that you can do it. A new challenge, in sum. This is me, this is my story. It’s not going to be a “we “story as it has to be in a marriage. This time, it is a “me” story. In the beginning, it seems that nothing has changed. I am the same person I was before the W-day: a calm, lovely girl that is attracted to people, to laughter and a very determinate as my friends would say. The only detail that would change my life after all, is that little ring that has to be attached to the fourth finger of my left hand forever, no matter what. That little ring, I have to say has a great power, little, almost invisible sometimes, but yes, very very loud and significative. But that, we have to see later. For now on, I have to get used to a new status, a new name and everything else that the ring brings in with. It is not easy at all. I must tell you, I haven’t been the lovely lady in the mirror who was looking at herself and repeating to self “Mrs X ” or Mrs Y. No, I haven’t done that. Perhaps I should have, or not. I don’t know. I remember the first time I heard someone calling me with my new name. -Mrs Lusseny Joyce, will you please sign here?

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I almost didn’t recognize she was talking to me first, and then second mistake, with the pen in my hand, I signed with my maiden name. That was an awkward moment!! But I have to be honest and let you know how I felt at that moment. It seemed to me I was betraying my family, giving up on their name and taking a new one as easy as it sounds. God knows how long I have been thinking on taking up the new name or not, keeping mine and add his, or just keep mine. Wow!! Hell yea, it was a lot to think about and finally I decided to keep both, just to remember that I do have my family too. My decision did not please to the Sir I l married of course. He thought that it was a kind of a rejection. He did not understand, and I did not want him too anyways. On that point, I was being very selfish, but that I could not do otherwise. Someone used to say that you have to be selfish witz you from time to time; it was the moment for me. I have always been there for people, sacrificing my own happiness to please the other. Seeing people happy because of me was at some point a great reward for me. And then you realize that people do not really care about your happiness in the other way round. So you have to make them happy, and make yourself happy too. It is complicated and that is the simple nature I was made of.

out. Marriage is about looking in the same direction, as they say, being one and everything else, but for me it was different. Something was definitely wrong if I was seeing marriage as the beginning of an affirmation of my alone identity. Together alone, as I resume it. Nothing comes as easy I know, and I have to work it out. As much I like being unique in the way I think, I also feel the urge to belong to a group, to the society without they enquiring about me. There were loads of choices you have to make when being married; Thinking for two, or even for three or four is not so evident. Abstraction is a possibility, and a possibility is still a dream until you turn it into reality. Reality on the other hand, is my field. I am not a dreamer; I see things, touch things, feel things and make things. I don’t do dreaming, I am not a hoper mind. Yes, marriage is about choices, remember that every time and every day when you wake up. Are you ready to choose the right thing for them first; are you ready to giving up on your freedom and your real choices? Nobody tells you that before, and you just learn it the hard way. As I finish writing that first piece, the song “learning the hard of way” of the second album of Brandy is thundering in my mind, and I have to hum it cause the song is appealing. For now on, I have to go…..

You see, a great contradiction was coming

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WANAMAG TEAM Founder and Director of publication Ahmed Sallaheddine Co-Founder and Editor in chief Cedrick Yonta Artistic Director Harold Gnowa Artistic Designer Kate Mouliom

Writers Lionel Soppo - Politics Cecile Essono - Interviwer Abel Belema - Interviewer Hannan - DĂŠcouverte Alice MaĂŤlle Kamgang N. - Gusto Dany Isabelle MASADO - Social Issue Kate Mouliom - Cinema & Musique Kwin Valencia - Fashion Patrick Ofonagoro - High-Tech

Jane M.O. - Short story

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