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December/January 2017-18

Moving On is a CASCAID product

The future’s so bright Science based careers

Work of art

Becky Cameron tells us about being an illustrator

Digital by design Where media meets IT

Wet cloths and watermelons Fabulous Foley artistry

/MovingOnMagazine @MovingOn_mag

www.movingonmagazine.co.uk


DEC 2017/JAN 2018

CONTENTS

IN THIS ISSUE... 05 WELCOME TO THE ISSUE

20

Publisher, Lynette introduces this creative digital issue.

06 NEWS AND UPDATES

10

Discover creative apprenticeships, find out about different levels available and see what employers think about skills.

Fancy a career in TV or film but not as an actor? How about working as a Foley artist? Find out all about it from Lou Brown.

THE FUTURE’S SO BRIGHT

24

We take a look at four rich and rewarding science-based careers.

13 TOP OF THE CLASS

14

16

WET CLOTHS AND WATERMELONS

STEM teachers are in demand – we take a look at how to prepare for a career in teaching.

THE WRITE STUFF

There’s more to writing careers than being a novelist – find out about the variety of roles that exist.

25 COPY THAT

WORK OF ART

28

Becky Cameron talks to us about life as an illustrator.

THRILLS AND SPILLS

Love writing and interested in marketing? Discover what you need to be a content manager.

DIGITAL BY DESIGN

Discover the roles of data scientist, cyber-security specialist, UX designer and shader writer.

If an exciting career is what you’re after – take a look at our feature on stunt performing, including some great tips from chief instructor, Andreas Petrides.

19 LIGHTS, CAMERA, ACTION

Work experience student, Jakob Borowski gets busy with careers at all stages of the film making process.

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3


WORK EXPERIENCE

SPREAD

THE WORD DO YOU DREAM OF BEING A WRITER OR A JOURNALIST? IF SO, READ ON AND GET IN TOUCH.

H

ere at Moving On we like to give young people the opportunity to gain a bit of experience. Over the years we’ve had many young writers work with us to produce the magazine, some returning year after year and eventually taking on the role of guest editor.

You don’t have to be a budding writer or journalist, enthusiasm and a good work ethic is enough for us! Doing work experience is a great way of evidencing skills for your CV, especially when you don’t have any paid work experience. The skills that you can develop by writing for us include skills in research, writing and proofreading, time-keeping (a deadline really is a deadline when you’re writing for a print magazine) and attention to detail. If you would like to join our team of young writers, get in touch with Lynette via email at ldaly@cascaid.co.uk. There are six opportunities a year to write for one of our print magazines and plenty more if you want to write for our website. Here’s what some of our young writers had to say about writing for the magazine and completing work experience in the offices.

C onor

L o ui s

Me l

Le y a n

“I enjoyed my experience of

“I tackled a number of different

“I loved writing for Moving On

“Writing for Moving On provided

writing for ‘Moving On’ so

tasks at Moving On, including

magazine as it gave me a taste of

me with experience and skills in

much and feel like it’s given me

researching and writing articles,

what it was like to be a journalist

the field of Journalism. I was able

an insight into the industry of

editing databases and assisting

and convinced me that this is

to independently research and

journalism” – Conor Elliot, Sir

other writers with their work. It

the career path I would like to

structure my own article as well

William Robertson Academy.

was a fascinating insight into the

follow.” – Leyan Yucel, Cox Green

as go out and about as a roving

production and editing process of

School, Berkshire.

reporter. I loved the opportunity!”

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a magazine.” – Louis Ashworth,

– Mel Snow, Alcester Grammar

University of Cambridge.

Sixth Form.

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EDITORIAL

WELCOME

TO THE DECEMBER ISSUE We live in a fantastic world, where the internet has transformed how we learn, work and communicate and where science enables us to do amazing things. In this issue we bring together the worlds of science and creativity to cover careers in art and design, media and film, science and IT. We have some great interviews for you with people working in illustration, Foley, and stunt Editing publisher Lynette Daly Email: ldaly@cascaid.co.uk Tel: 01509226846 Graphic designer Thomas Levesley Work placement student Jakob Borowski The Cedars Academy Work placement designer Beatriz Soares Loughborough University Sales executive Sophie Boettcher Email: sboettcher@cascaid.co.uk Tel: 01509226856

performing. We’ve also got features on some great STEM-related careers, including food technologist, pharmacologist and software engineer as well as information on becoming a science teacher. For those of you who love writing, we have features on becoming a writer, editorial assistant and content manager. Our news and qualifications update on page 6 has some handy information on apprenticeships available in creative, design and digital and what employers look for when they are hiring to keep you up to date. Finally, I’d like to say a special thank you to our

Schools, colleges & sixth forms Annual subscription enquiries Email: movingoninfo@cascaid.co.uk

work experience student, Jakub Borowski, from

Special thanks to the ECO Work-Shop CIC

careers feature on page 19.

The Cedars Academy who joined us for a week and worked hard for us, designing our film

CASCAID Ltd 2 Oakwood Drive Loughborough Leicestershire LE11 3QF Tel: 01509226868

CASCAID Ltd. has made every effort to ensure that the information in this publication was correct at the time of going to press and hereby disclaim any liability to any party caused by errors or omissions resulting from negligence or any other cause.

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NEWS

NEWS

CREATIVE, DESIGN AND DIGITAL APPRENTICESHIPS

WOW! Who knew there w ere so many cool appren ticeships?

6

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WHAT LEVEL APPRENTICESHIP IS RIGHT FOR ME?

FUNCTIONAL SKILLS – WHAT ARE THEY? There are lots of different qualifications. It might be that you are studying for a Functional Skills qualification but you’re not quite sure what it is. Here’s our 30-second

LEVELS OF APPRENTICESHIPS

guide to Functional Skills.

Intermediate - Level 2 Advanced - Level 3

Functional means practical. Functional

Higher (including Degree) - Levels 4 – 7

Skills are qualifications in maths, English and information technology – all skills that

When you’re at school or college there are often certain qualifications

everyone needs to get on at work and in

and grades that you have to get in order to get onto a course.

life. You demonstrate the skills that you

Apprenticeships are different because employers can decide for

have gained through assessments that

themselves what entry requirements they have for their apprenticeship

reflect everyday use.

programmes. Some people will study Functional As a general rule:

Skills instead of a GCSE and you will

You can apply for an intermediate apprenticeship without

see Functional Skills mentioned in

any formal qualifications and show that you are capable of

apprenticeships as well as being offered at

completing the programme.

school or college. Some universities accept

Advanced apprenticeships will normally ask for you to have

Functional Skills at Level 2 in place of GCSE –

GCSEs.

always check the entry requirements!

• •

Higher apprenticeships might ask for 5 GCSEs and Level 3 qualifications (some are very specific and will ask for 3 A-levels at certain grades or for specific subjects).

WHAT EMPLOYERS THINK The following information is taken from the Employer Perspective Survey 2016. Here’s what employers said.

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IN THE SPOTLIGHT

THE BESPOKE TAILOR AND CUTTER APPRENTICESHIP

B

espoke tailors and cutters make garments tailored to individuals.

HOW LONG DOES THE APPRENTICESHIP LAST? The apprenticeship typically lasts for two years but may be less if you are a fast learner and develop practical skills quickly.

WHAT WILL I LEARN AS AN APPRENTICE?

The final assessment of whether you have met

As an apprentice tailor and cutter you would

the required skills level includes a final project,

learn how to make bespoke clothing items, such

which is a substantial piece of work consisting

as coats, jackets, trousers, skirts and waistcoats.

of a series of bespoke garments and sample

This includes learning how to measure people,

procedures/patterns (75%), a research project

create a pattern and carry out fittings. You will

(10%), and a professional presentation and

also learn how to make alterations to clothing.

discussion (15%).

You will learn about different fabrics and their

Your final result will be graded pass, merit or

suitability for use in clothing as well as the

distinction just like a vocational qualification is.

history of Savile Row styling and its influence on

WHAT QUALIFICATIONS DO I NEED?

today’s luxury clothing market.

This is a Level 5 apprenticeship. As with all Aside from the specific tailoring skills that you

apprenticeships, employers set their own entry

will learn, you will also learn how to organise

requirements, but normally you will need to

buying materials, stock control and how to

be skilled in complex stitching and making

work professionally with clients. This means

processes. You will need to achieve Level 2

communicating effectively in order to find out

English and maths qualifications if you do not

what the client wants and to advise them. It also

already have them.

means being discrete and diplomatic.

INFO Savile Row is a str eet in Mayfair, central Lo ndon known for its tradit ional bespoke tailoring for men.

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MUSIC

DO YOU ENJOY PLAYING A MUSICAL INSTRUMENT? AND DO YOU LIKE CARING FOR OTHERS? – IF SO, MAYBE A CAREER IN MUSIC THERAPY IS FOR YOU.

T

he British Association of Music Therapy

We now know from research using brain scanning

explains that ‘Music therapists support the

techniques that, with the right sort of input, people with

client’s communications with a bespoke

schizophrenia can stay well enough to cope with real life

combination of improvised or pre-composed

rather than getting worse and worse. Being creative and

instrumental music and voice…’

discovering how to play music with the music therapist is a very important part of that process.

Music therapists work in hospitals, the community, care homes and in schools. Training includes learning about

Music therapy is not a soft option but it is rewarding

neuro-science (study of the nervous system) as well as

and involves growing as a person so that you can handle

understanding theories of how people relate to each

challenging situations.

other. Music therapy is a Health and Care Professions Council This involves developing the art of tuning in to the

(HCPC) registered profession that involves a master’s

patient’s mood so that together you jointly create music

degree training course, ideally but not necessarily after

using a range of accessible instruments and/or voices. You

gaining a degree in music or psychology.

will be taught skills so that music making is focused on the patient’s emotional needs, rather than being a jam

First of all, have a good time working and playing because

session.

life experience counts for a lot in becoming an effective music therapist.

ARE YOU CURIOUS TO UNDERSTAND PEOPLE WHO SUFFER WITH MENTAL ILLNESS? Treating people who have mental illnesses takes a certain

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

type of person. Firstly, consider your own safety, but then

Dr Stella Compton-Dickinson is a London-based Health

wonder what is going on in that other person’s head.

and Care Profession Council registered music therapist, accredited supervisor, professional oboist and lecturer, UK

I worked with a young man who I will call Jacob (not his

Council for Psychotherapy registered Cognitive Analytic

real name) who was suffering from the first experiences

Therapist and Supervisor. She is author of The Clinician’s

of schizophrenia. He gave his consent for me to write up

Guide to Forensic Music Therapy (Jessica Kingsley

his story and music therapy enabled him to live in the

Publishers).

community instead of being sent to a secure hospital where he would have lost his freedom.

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Find out more at www.stellacompton.co.uk

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SCIENCE

THE FUTURE’S

SCIENCE-BASED CAREERS ARE RICH AND REWARDING. LET’S TAKE A LOOK AT FOUR OF THEM.

P

harmacology is the science of drugs. Pharmacologists look at how drugs interact with biological systems like the nervous system by conducting experiments. They do this so that we understand the side effects of taking medicines, how they work and whether they are safe to use.

Research pharmacologists work on research projects in universities, Government laboratories, for charities, within the NHS on clinical trials and for large pharmaceutical

Ph

PHARMACOLOGIST

companies. Clinical pharmacists work directly with patients in hospitals and advise others in emergency situations. Studying pharmacology doesn’t always mean working in a laboratory. You could apply your knowledge as an adviser on medical TV shows, teach or become an expert witness.

HOW DO YOU GET A JOB AS A PHARMACOLOGIST? You’ll need to get a very good science degree (chemistry, toxicology, biochemistry, pharmacology etc.) and will probably want to complete a master’s degree and PhD too. Other skills that you will need to develop are: •

Good data interpretation and IT skills

Communication skills

Excellent problem solving skills

Ft

INFO

FOOD TECHNOLOGIST

You can find out lot s more about pharmacology at the British Pharmacological So ciety website – www.bps.ac.uk

F

ood science combines chemistry, biology and engineering to study the nature of foods and what happens when foods are stored or processed. Food technologists do things like select raw ingredients for use in products, blend ingredients, develop new food and drink products and modify existing ones. Food

technologists have an important role to play in food and drink manufacturing and can work in the retail or public sector. Other tasks undertaken can include checking safety and quality control procedures, researching market trends and new technologies, and preparing costings.

HOW DO YOU GET A JOB AS A FOOD TECHNOLOGIST?

“There are apprenticeship options for food technology.” 10

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To get into this career you will need to study for an HND, foundation or undergraduate degree in a subject such as food science or food technology. There are apprenticeship options for food technology too, some of which include study for a foundation degree. Other skills that you will need to develop are: •

Attention to detail

Good understanding of hygiene standards

Written and verbal communication skills

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SO BRIGHT

Tt T

extiles is all about fabric and cloth. Textile technologists design, develop and produce new fibres and fabrics. Working in the manufacturing and production industry they work with both man-made and natural fibres. Working with designers, textile technicians will discover ways to improve

fabrics by developing new fibres, testing the quality and properties of textiles and

TEXTILE TECHNOLOGIST

experimenting with the dyeing and production processes. The working environment can vary, from office-based to laboratory or factory settings depending on whether you work in production, quality control, sourcing, or research and development. The role can involve travel to meet with clients and suppliers.

HOW DO YOU GET A JOB AS A TEXTILE TECHNOLOGIST? Ideally you will need to gain an HND or a degree in a subject such as textile science, manufacturing engineering, physics or maths. The apprenticeship route is an option too with apprenticeships in fashion and textiles available UK-wide. Other skills that you will need to develop are:

Au

IT skills

Strong practical skills

Organisational skills

AUDIOLOGIST

A

udiology is the scientific study of hearing. There are a variety of roles, including newborn hearing screener and clinical audiologist which can be entered at different educational levels, from GCSE to degree level. Audiologists work with children and adults who are suffering hearing

loss, tinnitus and balance problems. They will check hearing, assess and diagnose patients and decide how best to treat them. Working in ear, nose and throat clinics and audiology departments, the work of an audiologist includes fitting hearing aids, teaching people how to use these, counselling people and helping them adjust to hearing loss.

HOW DO YOU GET A JOB AS AN AUDIOLOGIST? After A-levels you could enter the 3-year NHS Practitioner Training Programme by taking an accepted degree in healthcare science. You will need to register with the Registration Council for Clinical Physiologists and undergo a Disclosure and Barring Service check (DBS). Other skills that you will need to develop are: •

A caring and supportive attitude

Good communication skills

Manual dexterity

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EMPLOYABILITY

SKILLS THAT YOU NEED TO LEARN!

12


TEACHING

LOVE SCIENCE AND THINK THAT YOU COULD INSPIRE THE NEXT GENERATION? WHY NOT CONSIDER A CAREER TEACHING A STEM SUBJECT?

S

TEM stands for science, technology,

The skills that you need as a teacher include:

engineering and maths and becoming a

Great subject knowledge

teacher of STEM could mean teaching physics,

The ability to inspire young people and promote

chemistry, biology, maths or computer science. We’re going to take a look at becoming a

understanding •

physics or maths teacher.

General IT skills for admin work and lesson preparation

Physics teachers are in high demand and the funding

Creativity

The confidence and ability to manage student

available to support you while you train is generous. You could be eligible for a bursary or scholarship of up to

behaviour •

Patience.

£30,000 tax-free, depending on your degree classification. To teach in maintained (state) schools in England you need Maths is a core subject in education and like physics,

to achieve qualified teacher status (QTS) through an Initial

teachers of the subject are in demand. This demand is

Teacher Education (ITE) course. You can choose to study full

reflected in the offers available to support

time or part time, through a school-led or university-led

training for the job. While you train to become a maths teacher, you could benefit from a tax-free £25,000 bursary or a £27,500 scholarship.

£

route. The university route means completing your Level 3 study at school or college (A-levels, including maths and physics), progressing to full time university study and achieving a

For all teaching posts you will need GCSEs (grade 9 – 4)

PGCE (Post Graduate Certificate in Education) for teaching

in English, science and maths. You will also need relevant

physics.

Level 3 qualifications to get onto a degree course. The school-led route, involves training within a school You will need to have or be predicted a good degree (2:1

or group of schools and being employed once you have

or above) to access a bursary or scholarship. You could

qualified (have achieved qualified teacher status).

study for a degree in maths or physics with education and qualified teacher status (QTS) or you could study for a maths or physics degree and then undertake a teacher training course to gain qualified teacher status. If your degree is not directly linked to the subject that you intend to teach (perhaps you have completed a degree in another STEM subject), then you could complete a subject knowledge enhancement course after you graduate.

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ART

Work of art BECKY CAMERON IS A CHILDREN’S BOOK ILLUSTRATOR. WE ASKED HER WHAT INSPIRED HER CAREER CHOICE AND HOW SHE WENT ABOUT IT. “I always loved drawing and creating things so studying

“I work from home but I still get ready for work like

art seemed like a natural path to take. It was only after

anybody else does and I try to be dressed and at my desk

college that I started to think about career options. I

for 9 am. I usually check my emails first thing and then

wanted to do a job where I could draw every day and

the day varies depending on what stage of a project I

illustration allows me to do that.

am at. I might be drawing up roughs for a picture book or working on some final artwork and when I have a

“At school I did a GCSE in art and then went to college

deadline looming I can work quite late into the night to

to study BTEC Art and Design. I did a Degree in Graphic

get things done on time.

Design and Illustration at university before completing a Master’s Degree in Children’s Book Illustration.

“The best bits of being an illustrator are being creative and getting to draw every day, working on a variety of

“There are not very many permanent illustrator jobs out

different projects with different clients, being your own

there so most illustrators are freelance. Finding work,

boss and choosing how and when you work.

especially if you are new can be difficult and takes a lot of networking and self-promotion. I would say you have to

“The downside - finding work can be hard and it’s a very

be a little bit business minded to be freelance or you will

competitive field. You might not have a very consistent

struggle to get jobs.

schedule or work-life balance. Sometimes being a freelance illustrator can be quite lonely and the flow of

“I regularly update my online portfolio and I actively

income isn’t reliable, especially when you first start out.”

promote myself on social media. I also have an agent who shows my work to publishers and negotiates deals for me. “I work part time as an illustrator for a company that

INFO

makes teaching resources. The rest of the time I am freelance so I work for myself! The two days a week I

Find out more abou t Becky’s work at www.beckycam eron.co.uk and find her on social media at @doodleyboo

work for the company helps me to pay the bills as the freelance work isn’t always reliable.

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LIFE IN PICTURES

ANIMATION

WE ALL LOVE A GOOD FLIP BOOK BUT HAVE YOU GOT WHAT IT TAKES TO MAKE IT AS AN ANIMATOR?

T

here are different types of animation but they all involve producing images called frames, which when put together create the illusion of motion. The differences between animation type lie in the tools used. The following are examples of the type of animation that you could choose to do.

2D DRAWN ANIMATION

2D COMPUTER ANIMATION

where you produce a series of drawings and

where you use tools like Flash or CelAction to

record them in sequence to create the illusion

animate scenes, plotting the camera moves,

of movement.

editing the soundtrack if used, and charting information on dope sheets.

3D COMPUTER ANIMATION

STOP MOTION ANIMATION

which involves using specialist software such

where you animate models, 3D objects or

as Maya to produce three-dimensional images

puppets one frame at a time to create a

which, in sequence, create the illusion of

performance and provide the illusion of

movement.

motion.

There are study options including art or specific animation qualifications, including BTECs at Level 3, HNDs and degrees, but building up experience is important too. You could look for local animated film competitions or festivals and get involved. This would give you the opportunity to meet other animators and people in the industry as well as developing your experience and being fun! To find work as an animator you will need video or film footage of your work to

“you will need a video or film footage of your work to show to employers.”

show to employers.

WORKING HOURS AND PAY Animators can work freelance or for an employer. The hours are normally between 35 – 40 a week, Monday to Friday unless you’re freelance and then you’ll make your own hours. Starting salaries are normally around £14,000 and with experience you could earn around £36,000.

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TELEVISION AND FILM

A CAREER AS A STUNT PERFORMER IS ONE OF THE MOST THRILLING OUT THERE. WE GET THE LOWDOWN ON WHAT THE JOB INVOLVES FROM THE BRITISH ACTION ACADEMY.

A

stunt performer is someone who is employed

The work of a stunt performer is physically and mentally

by a television or film production company

demanding and requires total dedication. You’ll often be

to perform stunts that may be considered

put in high-risk situations, working hours can be long and

dangerous, in a safe and controlled way.

you can spend long periods of time away from your family and friends. You’ll also have to maintain a healthy lifestyle

Stunt performers double for actors when specific actions

- eating well and exercising regularly.

are required. This can include anything from performing a high fall from a building to being involved in a car

In most cases, stunt performers are self-employed, which

accident, or even being set on fire.

means that work is not always guaranteed. You’ll need to be pro-active in contacting stunt coordinators to let them

You’ll have the opportunity to travel the world to some

know that you are available for work and you’ll need to

incredible locations, not to mention meet and work with

learn business and administration skills.

brilliantly talented and interesting people within the TV and film industry. No one day will be the same - from

HOW TO BECOME A STUNT PERFORMER

shooting guns as a foot soldier one week, to flying through

To become a stunt performer in the UK, you are typically

the air on wires as a superhero or pursuing villains in a car

required to train for and join the British Stunt Register and

chase the next.

you must be over the age of 18 to apply.

Due to the high-risk nature of the work and the specialist

Training for the British Stunt Register can be a long and

skills required, a career as a stunt

difficult process and it can take many years to get to the

performer can be financially rewarding. The average daily rate is between £400 to £550, so a successful stunt performer could earn up to around £100,000 a year.

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£

standard required.

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To join the British Stunt Register you must be trained

Whilst the six-skill sporting entry system demonstrates that

in a minimum of six sporting disciplines. You must also

you possess good sporting ability, the entry system itself

complete a minimum of 60 days’ work as a performer or

does not teach you the essential action techniques needed

supporting artist on professional screen productions, these

to become a competent and safe stunt performer. This is

are known as ‘set days’.

something that can be gained through professional screen action training.

To achieve the 60 set days, it is recommended that you join a supporting artist or actors’ agency. The British Action

Courses such as The British Action Academy’s B.L.A.S.T. or

Academy has its own screen action agency where action

Warrior Masterclasses are a great place to start. Taught

performers are trained and represented. Many of these

by industry professionals with a wealth of knowledge and

trainees have gone on to work on huge television and film

experience, the courses are designed to put you through a

productions such as Star Wars, Spooks, The Avengers and

series of realistic scenarios in order to prepare you for the

Poldark.

industry.

THE SIX SPORTING GROUPS WATER

FALLING

swimming

trampolining

sub aqua

high diving

RIDING AND DRIVING

AGILITY AND STRENGTH

horses

gymnastics

cars

rock climbing

motorcycles

mountaineering

FIGHTING

MISCELLANEOUS

martial arts Each group includes a selection of different sports or skills that you can choose from. You must obtain at least six skills in a minimum of four groups. Martial art /fighting is a compulsory skill; other that this you can choose any sport within each group, but no more than two in any group.

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EXPERT TIPS

TOP TIPS FROM ANDREAS ANDREAS PETRIDES IS CHIEF INSTRUCTOR AND STUNT COORDINATOR AT THE BRITISH ACTION ACADEMY. HE SHARES A FEW TIPS ON HOW TO PUSH YOUR CAREER FORWARD, IN YOUR JOURNEY TO BECOMING A STUNT PERFORMER.

I

Andreas Petrides is one of the UK’s leading JISC

WHAT ARE THE PROGRESSION POSSIBILITIES WITHIN THE INDUSTRY?

registered action directors, fight arrangers, stunt

One route that many stunt performers may choose to

performers and coordinators.

take later in their career is to become a stunt coordinator.

n addition to being chief instructor at the academy,

A stunt co-ordinator is hired by a TV or film company

Andreas has worked with some of the world’s leading

to choreograph the performance of stunts that a script

directors and actors on over 500 productions, including 2nd

requires, in addition to management of, and often casting

unit stunt coordinator, fight arranger and stunt double

the stunt performers.

to Ewan McGregor as Obi Wan Kenobi on Star Wars: The Phantom Menace, Trainspotting and 28 Days Later.

ANDREAS’ TOP TIPS: 1.

Try to gain acting experience. Although you don’t need to be trained as an actor to become a stunt performer, part of the role requires you to ‘perform’ in front of a camera. This may involve working with actors, reacting authentically to action in a script or even speaking lines. Take a few acting lessons or a stage performance course to sharpen up your skills.

2.

Don’t just stop at the six sporting skills. Constantly continue to expand your skill set and push your limits. The more skills you gain, the more versatile you are for a wider variety of roles.

3.

As a supporting artist, actively promote yourself by talking to the stunt coordinators on set. You may be able to attend an observation day to discover how the stunt department works on a professional screen production, which is invaluable experience, and a great way to make contacts within the industry.

4.

Above all, true passion plus confidence in your own ability is the key to success as a stunt performer. It can be a dangerous business if you are not entirely committed or confident in your performance. In this business you are successful entirely on your own merit, hard work, dedication and professional conduct.

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FILM

THERE ARE FIVE STAGES IN THE FILM-MAKING PROCESS, EACH OFFERING A WIDE RANGE OF JOB OPPORTUNITIES FOR ALL SORTS OF PEOPLE WITH ALL SORTS OF SKILLS.

DEVELOPMENT

A writer or director comes up with an idea for a film. Then it’s time to persuade a studio to make it by pitching your idea to them. If they’re up for it, the studio has to get funding to fix a budget and then they’ll put together the team who will make the movie. Job roles at this stage include: investor, accountant, line producer, screenwriter, agent, casting director.

PRE-PRODUCTION

This is when all the technical stuff that can be done before filming starts is done and when contracts are signed. Job roles at this stage include: producer, director, art director, previsualisation or concept artist, storyboard artist, production designer, model maker, sound designer, costume designer, props master, location manager.

H

undreds of people can be involved in the making of a film or just a few, depending on the size of the project and of course, the budget. Making a film involves getting lots of skilled people together to do different jobs at each stage of the film-making process, from the initial spark of an idea, to when it’s up there on the cinema screen.

PRODUCTION

POST-PRODUCTION

MARKETING

This is when everything goes into full-swing – actors are signed and locations booked. Filming begins, with the director working to a storyboard which has all the scenes planned out in detail.

All the scenes are put together postproduction and played roughly in order. These are called the rushes. Some scenes are cut, some added and then organised by the film editor, along with the soundtrack, into the final cut - the finished film.

This is the stage at which glitzy, red carpet premieres take place. Not all films have such glamorous launches but most are shown to the press and are reviewed by film critics before they go on general release. They are then distributed to cinemas around the country, for viewing by the popcorn-munching public.

Job roles at this stage include: actor, director of photography, camera operator, carpenter, rigger, gaffer, scenic artist, set decorator, wardrobe supervisor, hair and makeup artist, script supervisor, runner.

Job roles at this stage include: editor, sound engineer, Foley artist and special effects artist.

Job roles at this stage include: PR and marketing executive, film critic, distribution executive, cinema projectionist.

LINK For full job descript ions, go to: www.creativeskillse t.org

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19


FILM AND TV

WET CLOTHS AND

WATERMELONS FANCY A CAREER IN TV OR FILM BUT NOT AS AN ACTOR? HOW ABOUT A FOLEY ARTIST?

N

amed after pioneering sound effects artist

It is also possible to work as a Foley artist in live theatre.

Jack Foley, a Foley artist or Foley editor is the

The difference being that in the theatre you would add the

person who uses a variety of everyday objects

sounds live rather than recording them post-production.

to create or recreate the actions made by characters and the objects they interact with.

There is no average starting salary for a Foley artist. It is possible that after many years of fantastic work and

These sounds might include breaking glass, footsteps or

perhaps a few awards you might be able to make a killing

anything else that creates the atmosphere that the director

doing this job.

wants to create – of course if the scene involves some nasty injury sustained by a character then it involves finding a way of producing the accompanying sound without actually doing anything gruesome to the actor.

GETTING STARTED AS A FOLEY ARTIST. There are a number of film or post-production degrees that you could study for and also sound or audio engineering degrees offered by several universities.

THE KIND OF SKILLS THAT YOU WOULD NEED

20

Sound recording skills and experience

Skills in post-production processes

The ability to work to deadlines and under pressure

Great listening skills

Knowledge and skills in acoustics

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“The best thing about the job is the creativity the satisfaction of listening back to a scene and hearing it come alive.”

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LOU BROWN HAS WORKED AS A FOLEY ARTIST AND EDITOR IN FILM, TV AND COMMERCIALS FOR SEVERAL YEARS AND HAS BEEN WORKING FREELANCE SINCE 2015. WE ASKED HER ABOUT THE LIFE OF A FOLEY ARTIST.

“To be a good Foley artist, you need imagination” “Whilst studying music technology at university I visited Pinewood Studio’s old Foley stage. It was a lightbulb moment and I realised that Foley artistry was my calling. “The best thing about the job is the creativity – the satisfaction of listening back to a scene and hearing it come alive. The jobs where you have the time to show love to what’s happening on the screen, helping the story along – those are the days that I bounce on my way to work. “To be a good Foley artist, you need imagination – as well “Foley isn’t really a job that lends itself to academic study;

stocked as Foley stages are, there are often times when we

it’s very practical and intuitive. Studying human and animal

need to come up with a sound from unrelated props. Fast

behaviour, watching how they interact with one another

reactions are needed – how quickly can you copy someone’s

and their environment is more useful in terms of artistry

actions? Sync isn’t as vital as it was in the days before Pro

than formal study. I watched lots of videos, saw some Foley

Tools but it’s still better if you can match the timings quite

being performed in a studio, worked on a lot of short films

accurately. It’s also important to be pleasant to work with

and practised whenever I could.

as you work as part of a team.

“The ease with which you find work depends on your level

“If I wasn’t a Foley artist, I’d still work with sound because

of experience and how much you make yourself known.

I enjoy recording and laying up atmospheres, sound effects

When starting out it takes time to gain competency, so

editing. If I wasn’t in sound at all, I’d probably end up in

finding work is more difficult. Once you’re established,

commercial aviation as I’m a plane spotting nerd!”

it’s a case of staying in touch with studios and sound

FUN FACTS

supervisors. “I wouldn’t say that there is a huge amount of stability

DID YOU KNOW?

in the sound post industry as a whole. Many artists supplement their work during quiet periods with other endeavours – I edit sound effects outside the Foley stage. However, if we keep our health and stay fit, there’s no reason why we can’t keep walking the floorboards for many years.

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The lightsaber sound in Star Wars was actually microphone feedback from a cathode ray tube TV. The infamous shower scene in Psycho was created by stabbing melons. The original Godzilla’s roar was actually a leather glove coated in pine tar rubbed against the string of a double bass.

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21


SPONSORED EDITORIAL

AND THE

OSCAR GOES TO DID YOU KNOW THAT THE LAST FOUR VISUAL EFFECTS (VFX) OSCARS WERE WON BY UK COMPANIES? OR THAT MOST OF THE VFX FOR ALL THE HARRY POTTER FILMS WERE MADE HERE? VFX is an exciting and thriving industry that

Initially, pursuing a career in VFX is about breaking

continues to grow as our work becomes more

the mould and knowing that an interest in science

important to the films, television series and

and an interest in art isn’t a bad thing! But if you’re

advertisements that we create.

interested in being more focused, there are several specific diplomas available. In fact, Framestore

Framestore was founded in London in 1986 by five

helped to develop an extended diploma in games,

people. We are now a global company with over

animation and visual effects skills that is run at

1800 employees.

several colleges around the country.

Our employees come from hugely diverse

The key to finding a job as a VFX artist is to create a

backgrounds - from physicists to illustrators,

portfolio. You can develop your portfolio any way you

engineers to photographers. The mix of technical

like; learning at home with free licences of our key

and artistic skills is vital to our work. Most of them

software such as Maya or Nuke, learning at school or

knew that they wanted to do something creative

college, through an apprenticeship or a degree. There

that involved using a computer. Some of them

are many routes for you to join our team!

thought they might work in games, some thought thought that they might be coding for a living.

WE RUN TWO APPRENTICESHIPS FOR ANYONE AGED 18 OR OVER.

What they all have in common though is that they

The Assistant Technical Director apprenticeship

found the perfect mix of their interests in making

which is more maths and coding based.

that they might make comic books and some

Iron Man, Dobby and Baby Groot come to life on the big screen!

The Junior 2D Artist apprenticeship which is more photography and computer art based. If you decide to pursue a degree, then you could look at any number of VFX or computer animation degrees around the country. Some of the best ones are approved by industry.

LINK Find out more abou t approved degrees and caree rs in the industry at: www.creativeskillse t.org

Image courtesy of Framestore.

LINK Find out about ou r apprenticeships and industry diplom a at: www.nextgenskillsa cademy.com

22

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PUBLISHING

S

IF YOU’RE ORGANISED, A QUICK LEARNER AND YOU’RE GREAT AT GRAMMAR AND SPELLING, HOW DO YOU FANCY WORKING AS AN EDITORIAL ASSISTANT?

T

“If you want to work in publishing, most jobs are in London and Oxford.”

he publishing process is a complex one and working as an editorial assistant can be a job that gives you plenty of variety in your working day.

There are several sub-divisions of the publishing industry including book, journal, magazine and newspaper publishing. Editorial assistants are employed in all of these areas.

You’ll also be expected to do other everyday office The job of the editorial assistant is an entry-level role

tasks such as answering phones and emails, dealing

and they are employed to support the senior editorial

with queries and filing.

staff all the way through the publication process. Be aware that if you want to work in publishing, Being an entry-level role doesn’t mean that you

most jobs are in London and Oxford, where major

can just walk into the job straight from school

publishing houses are based.

however, most editorial assistants will have a degree or at least an HND. If you are hoping to work as an

GETTING STARTED IN PUBLISHING

editorial assistant in a specialist area, such as science

Work experience is valuable and there is a lot of

publications, then you will probably need some

competition for places. Some of the big publishing

subject knowledge.

houses, such as Penguin offer paid work experience placements and internships. There are also short

The work is varied and involves a fair bit of

courses and online courses that you might want to

administrative work on top of some proofreading,

look into. You can find details of these on the Society

editing, writing and uploading of content.

for Editors and Proofreaders website at www.sfep.org.uk

One day you might be issuing contracts for the commissioning editor – this is the person who is in

You can find out more about working in publishing

charge of finding and accepting writers, the next day

from The Publishers Association at

you might be working with photographers, designers

www.publishers.org.uk

or printers to make sure that images are sourced or proofs are uploaded to the printers.

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23


WRITING

The write stuff

IF WORDS ARE YOUR THING AND YOUR DREAM JOB WOULD BE WRITING THEM ALL DAY THEN READ ON.

Being a writer doesn’t necessarily mean being the next J K Rowling. In reality not many people make a living as a novelist. There are lots of jobs that involve writing. Here are a few ideas:

JOURNALIST – There are many types of

LEXICOGRAPHER – The role of the

GAINING WRITING EXPERIENCE

journalist. There are investigative, photo,

lexicographer is to write, compile and edit

If you want to be a writer; blog, tweet, join

broadcast, data and subject specialist journalists

dictionaries. It’s all about individual words and

online writing networks, find out about local

to name just a few. All will report and comment

meanings.

writing groups – in short do everything that you

on things.

can to develop your skills, your voice and to build

NOVELIST – Novelists come up with ideas, they

a portfolio of work that you can show to people

COPYWRITER – Content creators or

research and they write books; specifically, works

at interview.

copywriters create content for print publications

of fiction (novels).

and for online. Some roles need specific skills,

If you are going to write for online, then learn

such as advertising copywriter, where you need

BUSINESS OR TECHNICAL WRITER – Here’s

about how to do this well. Find out about

to be persuasive.

one you may not have thought of. When you

publishing tools like WordPress and search

buy something, it often comes with a guide or

engine optimization (SEO).

FEATURES EDITOR – This job involves re-

manual. Technical writers create the content for

writing and editing other people’s work but

these.

Subjects that could be useful at school

also coming up with ideas for features, finding

English language

writers and making sure that the content is

Creative writing

good, images are correct and much more.

Media studies

Information technology

INFO There are plenty of creative writing or journalism degree options. There is als o an apprenticeship op tion for journalism, through the junior journalist apprenti ceship – worth looking up!

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MARKETING

COPY THAT IF YOU ARE THINKING OF WORKING IN MARKETING BUT ALSO LIKE WRITING THEN THE ROLE OF CONTENT MANAGER MIGHT BE RIGHT UP YOUR STREET.

W

orking as a content manager involves

To work as a content manager, you need to have good

writing blogs, articles, newsletters or

organisational skills as well as the ability to communicate

anything else that the company that

in the right way for your target audience.

you work for wants. Social media is a big part of the marketing activity for

The job will mean doing research in order to write and

companies and if your role includes managing social

also publish and update content using web publishing

media content, then you will need to put together a social

tools. If you work in a team you might have content

media content strategy and plan.

writers that you will manage. You might also have the job of finding and commissioning writers to produce content. You’ll need to have great writing and proofreading skills, be able to meet deadlines and have an eye for good layout and ways of presenting different kinds of information.

“You’ll need to have great writing and proofreading skills”

You will normally be in charge of looking after a website, which will mean planning what content will be published and when. You will also need to maintain the voice and

The scope of work that you do as a content manager

style of the company, so working with the marketing

depends on the size of the company and the range of

team will be important.

methods that they use to share content, which could be in print, through presentations or online via a website or

In addition to writing, you will normally need to have

social media. Usually in large companies there will be a

some basic skills in image editing software use and some

team of you but in a small business you might be doing

skills in HTML would be useful.

the lot.

You might also need to collect and report on website and

It may be possible to start work with a company and

social media analytics and with experience you might

over time show them that you have the necessary skills.

progress to a role like search engine optimisation (SEO)

Otherwise, studying marketing, media, IT or journalism is

manager.

a way in to this job.

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25


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H T I W E V I T A E R C T GE … S T T O N WEST Creative courses can lead on to creative career choices…

Our creative arts students have gone on to be sound engineers, to work in cyber security, to perform on stage, to become designers, 3D visualisers, theatre technicians and one even went on to illustrate world-famous wizarding children’s books.

WHAT WILL YOU BE?

Apply now for courses in art and design, computer science, creative digital media, film and TV, music and performing arts, starting September 2018.

0808 100 3626

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/visionwestnotts

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@westnotts NG18 5BH


HOSPITALITY

AFTER THE EVENT IF GETTING THINGS DONE IS YOUR THING, THEN A CAREER AS AN EVENT PLANNER MIGHT BE JUST YOUR CUP OF TEA… Working as an event planner could make for an exciting career with lots of variety. The job could take you all over the world and could see you making use of your creative, practical, language and technical skills. Event planners organise many things, including weddings, family parties, business meetings, seminars, conferences, exhibitions and awards ceremonies, music, film, book and comedy festivals.

“To be a successful event planner, you’ll need creativity and imagination.”

To be a successful event planner you’ll need creativity and imagination, personality hard work and great administrative

HOW DO YOU GET TO BE AN EVENT PLANNER?

skills for organising lists, databases,

It isn’t necessary to have a specific qualification to

and people skills, perseverance and

spreadsheets, managing online

become an event planner but experience is

content, designing marketing

vital. You could begin your career in

materials and doing email

event planning with an event

campaigns.

assistant apprenticeship where you will learn

You’ll be helping clients to

operational, professional

identify exactly what they want

and commercial aspects of

to achieve – and then you’ll

the job. Alternatively, you

have to make it happen. This

could study full time for

means researching venues,

a relevant qualification in

sourcing temporary staff

event planning, marketing

and finding services such as

or hospitality.

catering companies, amongst many other things. An event

If you choose to study a

planner will also have to meet

degree course, you’ll learn

deadlines, negotiate prices and

about the practical side of

work to a set budget.

life as an event planner and

A big part of being an event

the event planning industry,

also the theory involved in planner is ensuring that

like business and finance, project

everything goes well on the

management and experiential

day. You will need to be brilliant at

marketing, which is all about creating

remaining unfazed when problems arise

brand experiences. You’ll also learn about the

and at making those problems go away so

importance of social media for an event planner

that the event is as successful as possible for

which you’ll use to promote events and as a

your client.

marketing tool, during and after an event.

You’ll be working in a team and you’ll need really good communication skills so that everybody is in the right place at the right time, doing what needs to be done.

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27


COMPUTING

IF YOU LIKE WORKING AT A COMPUTER, YOU MIGHT REALLY LIKE THE SOUND OF ONE OF THESE JOB ROLES, SOME MORE UNUSUAL THAN OTHERS. WHAT DOES A DATA SCIENTIST DO? Data scientists take large amounts of raw data and analyse it. They put the data in context, allow insights or conclusions to be drawn and identify trends for business purposes – big data is big business and this means more data scientists!

HOW DO YOU BECOME A DATA SCIENTIST? Chances are – you are going to need a degree in statistics, maths or some other numerical subject / computer science for this career. Some employers may even ask for a post-graduate degree as well. You will also need to have an excellent understanding and working knowledge of databases and programming languages as well as the ability to present your findings to others in a way that they can understand. The skills you need to succeed as a data scientist include: •

Excellent analytical skills

Presentation skills

Problem solving skills

Attention to detail

AVERAGE SALARY FOR A DATA SCIENTIST Data scientists fall into the category of IT business analysts, architects and systems designers and the average UK annual pay is £48,360 although you can expect to earn significantly less when you first start out.

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There are some important jobs that the UK doesn’t have enough people for. These include lots of computing roles. We take a look at four here, data scientist, cyber-security specialist, shader writer and UI / UX designer.

0 3 0 2 3 U R

W J B E O H 3 4 9 8 3 4 9 R I F B 9 4 2 O I H 3 9 H

WHAT DOES A CYBERSECURITY SPECIALIST DO? Cyber-security specialists defend IT infrastructures and networks from attack. They do this by recognizing and assessing possible security breaches and putting measures in place to protect against these, including technological solutions and training staff / raising awareness of potential cyber threats and how to avoid them.

HOW DO YOU BECOME A CYBER-SECURITY SPECIALIST? It is possible to develop a career in cyber-security from an entrylevel role in IT. If you are good at what you do and committed to developing your skills further, then you could progress into this role. There are apprenticeships in cybersecurity now or you could choose to study for a degree in computer science or specifically cyber-security and begin your employment further

CB938B59B28RBC2Q

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up the career ladder. The skills that you need for a career as a cyber-security specialist include: •

Great IT skills obviously

Analytical skills / a logical approach

Problem solving skills

The ability to work under pressure and to a deadline

CYBER-SECURITY SPECIALIST SALARIES The average starting salary for a cyber-security specialist is around £25,000 and rises to between £45,000 and £80,000 with experience.

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£


by DESIGN WHAT DOES A UI/UX DESIGNER DO?

WHAT DOES A SHADER WRITER DO?

Products like websites, software

Controlling colour, lighting and

applications and mobile apps serve

shading is an important way of

a purpose and you want people

making a 3D object look realistic.

to enjoy using them and to keep

Shading alters the colours of faces

coming back. This means making

in a 3D model based on things like

sure that they are usable, appealing

angle, proximity of the surface

and engaging.

to the light and the light source (window, floodlight, spotlight for

UI stands for user interface and

example).

UX stands for user experience. UI/ UX designers use their artistic and

A shader is a program that tells the

technical skills to create the best

computer how to render each pixel.

user experience. The job is part

Working in animation and games

designer part developer.

design, shader writers are people who design, create and modify

HOW DO YOU BECOME A UI/ UX DESIGNER?

shaders for use in 3D renders using

It may not be necessary to have a

Houdini VEX or Playstation Shader

degree, but it will help and this is

Language.

shading languages like Renderman,

one of those roles where the study lot of what a UI/UX designer does

HOW DO YOU BECOME A SHADER WRITER?

is about human behaviour. Useful

You obviously need a great

subjects would be computer science,

understanding of shaders. Studying

digital media and graphic design.

animation could include specific

of psychology can be helpful as a

relevant modules. Other useful The skills that you need for a career

subjects include computer science.

as a UI/UX designer include:

There are also Level 3 vocational

Teamwork

study options that include learning

Wire framing

3D graphics software Maya.

Specific computing skills, such as HTML

The skills that you need for a career

Graphic design

as a shader writer include:

Problem solving skills

Decent maths skills

Excellent computer skills

Average starting salaries are around

Animation software skills

£20,000. If you work freelance, daily

Ability to learn programming

rates are normally between £250 and £600 depending on experience and skills.

(shader) languages

£

Salary will depend on the size of the company you work for as well as your qualifications and experience.

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COMING UP

IN THE NEXT ISSUE...

O

ur next issue is all about land-based, environmental, energy, leisure, sport and hospitality occupations. We’ll be taking a look at -

CAREERS IN HORTICULTURE, INCLUDING YOUNG HORTICULTURALIST OF THE YEAR AWARD WINNER, LACHLAN RAE

HOW TO MAKE IT IN EVENT MANAGEMENT

TAKING ON THE ELEMENTS WITH WATER RELATED CAREERS

HOTEL MANAGEMENT

SPORTS PSYCHOLOGY

TOURISM MANAGEMENT

CRUISING CAREERS

ul t u r is t ic t r o H g n u Yo o f t h e Ye a r

OUT FEBRUARY 5 - LOOK FOR IT IN YOUR SCHOOL CAREERS DEPARTMENT OR LIBRARY!

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free their potential – teach

Are you an aspiring teacher? Join the new and exciting programme to kick-start your career in teaching maths and physics. £15k grant with support and training during your university years Exclusive national conferences and events Paid teacher training the Autumn after you finish university One-to-one support finding your first teaching job

I think it’s a great programme. If you want to become a teacher in the long run it’s totally worth it. You have a job at the end of university, much more hands-on experience than other aspiring teachers of your age and the £5k for this year is coming in quite useful.

2016 FUTURE TEACHING SCHOLAR

Limited places available, apply online at:

www.futureteachingscholars.com @FTSProgramme futureteachingscholars

Moving On December 2017  
Moving On December 2017  

The digital and creative issue