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Real Property Law Ken West, LL.M., Course Director Osgoode-IPTI Expert Evidence Certificate Osgoode Hall P.D., Toronto October 31, 2011


The Nature of Property Two main distinctions: • Real Property  Land • Personal Property (Chattels)  Things other than land


Historical Notes • Civil procedure in the middle ages  Real Actions › Land or the res  Actions for damages › Unimportance of chattels in medieval mindset › No return of property only damages • Realty vs. Personalty  Permanence of land/fixed and finite commodity • In rem vs. In personam  In rem, is a right against the world at large  In personam is a right against an individual


Real Property •

Corporeal Hereditaments 

Interests being capable of being held in possession ›

•

Essentially freehold status

Incorporeal Hereditaments 

Non-possessory in nature ›

Easements

›

Profits a prendre

›

Restrictive covenants


    

 





 

 

   

   

 


The Function of Modern Property Law • Historical Notes • Utility in a Modern World


The Institution in Context

• Estates and Tenure


Physical Dimensions of  Ownership • Cujus est Solum ejus est usque ad coelum et ad infernos


Air Rights  Bay-Adelaide Decision

                        


Subsurface Rights


Riparian Rights


Estates • Fee Simple • Encumbrances • Leases (Landlord and Tenant) • Licenses


Servitudes •

Easements  Incorporeal hereditament  A property interest that allows an individual to use a portion of anothers land  Recorded on title  Four elements are necessary to create a valid easement 1) There must be a dominant tenement and a servient tenement 2) The easement must accommodate the dominant land 3) The dominant and servient tenements must be held by the same person 4) The easement must be capable of being the subject matter of a grant

•

Covenants

•

Rights of Way



Real Property Course 2011 Osgoode.ppt