Page 1

BUILDING TRADITION

subNETWORK


Foreword: This journal is made by four students architecture working in and investigating Norway, Trondheim and the possibilities of a new sustainable neighbourhood in Trondheim. This journal shows all the decissions and progress made and the reasons why these decissions were made. Sharon Bauwens, Joris Cauwenbergh, Yann-Ee Yau and Jan Swiatczak


Y A N N E E Y A U

BUILDING TRADITION

joriscauwenbergh subNETWORK


borders & NETWORK

borders & NETWORK


FRAGILITY / connection of the city to the fjord & surrounding nature Looking at Trondheim, the first thing you notice is the city having no connection to the surrounding fjord or hills. Yet this fjord was the main reason Trondheim became a successfull and rich city in the history and still is today. It was the combination of the river Nidelva, that formed a natural valley and the connection to the entire world via the fjord that made the city as important as it is today. Today we see the city lost all contact with its precious fjord. The industral island between the fjord and the city cuts of the city and its inhabitants. But today this island isn’t of use anymore, the city lost its main industry (the shipbuilding industry) and today focus is shifted to an intellectual industry or economy with its famous university.

The former industryland creates scar tissue in Trondheim today. This land is unusable, unavailable land but still very precious land. This industry tissue takes in the most exclusive land (and also possibly the priciest land), situated next to the fjord. We want to restore the connection between the city and fjord.

existing networks with _Fragility_Comes_With_An_Escape_Theory_ visible _Generatives_ Light/ hide, moods, gradient, transparant/ translucent focal points,... Layers of Experience_Spatial experience with ambiguity in theand underlayer _To_Me_Fragility_Is_A_Displaced_Entity_Holding_Transcend_ positive imperfection/ attraction, only the experience remain as a conscious mind and grasp of the unconscious mind.. Fragility Implication_that_Leaves_Perishable_Traces_Among_All_Being_And_ human <> machine strive <> mass product silently shapes processes and relationship + Cultural, The_Becoming_Of_A_Shadowy_State_Of_Attachment_ image inSocial your & head, and can transformation/ sentimental-sensorial, personification, evolution Economical Dimensions_Today’s idealization change is strong strategy or adapt in the future,... with direct intentions to control. It opposes the formation of weak principal and hapticity into the notion of fragile living and nonMEMORY institutional networks + Architectural and Non-Architectural easyly forgotten, relations between Perception_Architecture with visual and virtual qualities, holds peoples, short meetings on street strong image and structure. Fragile architecture holds weak image GROWTH, the small line corners, stories that are related to a and structure but interacts with the senses. _An_Escape_Theory_ W1 between succes and failure place that has changed over time,...

existing focal

networks

points,...

with

and

visible

underlayer

only the experience remain as a image in your head, and can change or adapt in the future,...

Light/ hide, moods, gradient, transparant/ translucent positive imperfection/ attraction, human <> machine strive <> mass product transformation/ sentimental-sensorial, personification, evolution

MEMORY

easyly GROWTH, the small line

between succes and failure

forgotten,

peoples,

short

relations

meetings

between

on

street

corners, stories that are related to a place that has changed over time,...


Sustainable Materials

Health & Wellness

Sustainable Materials

Passive Strategies

SUSTAINABLE DESIGN

Transport

Whole Life Costs

Sustainable Materials Health & Wellness

Passive Strategies

SUSTAINABLE DESIGN

Renewable Energy Health & Wellness

SUSTAINABLE

Transport

Trondheim is a university & Norwayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s capital Trondheim could be town sustainable when it follows of technology. High a development path where the present progress Life Costs demand of Whole housing and does not take place at the expense of future developmental plans generations (i.e. bad planning, debt, wasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t based on Sustainable Materials environmental degradation, etc. does not sustainability until later export present problems the future). There parts.toLocal inhabitants should be an equilibrium between different take long hikes as the issues. In other words, the goal is an acrossrecreational activity. Renewable Energy Ecological Value

Health & Wellness

Passive Strategies

the-board development, instead of handling

SUSTAINABLE

Most of the freight terminal is abandoned. New freight terminal DESIGN location now considered with 7 possible solutions including Brattora and Tolla.

ENVIRONMENTAL Transport waterurbanisme, the use of local resources,...

SUSTAINABLE issues one by one. Red = University Grounds resources & DENSITY Renewable Energy DESIGN Future... Trondheim could be sustainable when it follows

a development path where the present progress Whole Life Costs

does not take place at the expense of future generations

environmental

(i.e.

bad

degradation,

planning, etc.

does

debt,

not

export present problems to the future). There

should be an equilibrium between different

issues. Renewable Energy

In other words, the goal is an acrossEcological Value

the-board development, instead of handling issues one by one.

Future...

Whole Life Costs

urbansprawl,

SUSTAINABLE

Transport

Ecological Value Passive Strategies

ENVIRONMENTAL urbansprawl,

waterurbanisme, the use of local resources,...

resources & DENSITY

Ecological Value


SUSTAINABILITY / LIFE OF BUILDING & LOW IMPACT Today we live in a “throw-away” society. Products aren’t bought necessarily any longer for long term use. With buildings (or housing) it’s almost always the case that they are purchased or built for extended use. However, the buildings take over their life multiple users and multiple functions in their house. A couple might like the small townhouse at first, but when the children arrive and the little boy wants to play outside, they are more likely to move to the cityside and buy a detached house with plenty of space for a garden. That is why a house should be designed so multiple lifestyles are possible and that it can handle multiple functions (a shop, office, ...). Or that the house is designed so that

it gets fused with its surroundings. So people choose a setting, they will accept the lifestyle that is imposes by the house. Sustainable design also implicates a balance between different factors, such as sustainable materials, renewable energy, transport and health and welness. Sustainable architecture attempts to reduce the collective environmental impacts during the production of building components, during the construction process, as well as during the lifecycle of the building. The challenge suggests architects and planners design solutions that can function without pollution rather than just reducing pollution.

CREATIVE UNDERTAKINGS that develop profitable CREATIVE HUMAN BEINGS who develop their 1/6 total population of Trondheim is and student. Main Universities _Solvår_Wåg_And_Solveig_Kornst_a innovations. innovation is an important part of resources competences, while grasping the includes NTNU, SINTEF and St. Olav University Hospital. enterprises day-to-day efforts to develop better possibility to apply them. Creative human beings ‘SELF-ORGANIZATION and Lot of small flats is build in the city that lacks general housing products for their customers and generate greater share knowledge with other people, and use their DEVELOPMENT ’ qualities because of high demands for student housing. Because Competitive educational destination improves local economy and value for their owners. no undertakings today A CREATIVE SOCIETY with a sound framework and a creativity to produce new and better solutions. of high demand for housing, 87% of students seek private diversity in culture. FollowingThe images is Student villages by Student escape the demand to make continuous authorities will help to release the creative favourable climate for innovation. must have high accommodation Wellfare We Organization. improvements. regard for inquisitiveness, thirst for knowledge and the impulse by offering sound education, research, The authorities must provide enterprises with creative urge.when A creative society allows people to and adaptation of working life, as well as by “Hyblifisering” the inconvenience it brings to the neighbors more possibilities to be innovative, and must working to bring about a culture that encourages attempt bigger flats are divided to smaller units or smaller flatssomething combinedand fail, while also appreciating provide support and regulations where the market creativity and entrepreneurship in society. those who to bigger units in the order to rent it out as dwellings for succeed. more fails to provide the necessary impullses. The norwegian welfare state provides a good starting

students and the negative effects this may have on stable point for a creative society with a significant capacity residential environment

_Student_Villages_

W2

to restructure and innovate.

CREATIVE UNDERTAKINGS that develop profitable innovations. innovation is an important part of enterprises day-to-day efforts to develop better products for their customers and generate greater value for their owners. no undertakings today escape the demand to make continuous improvements. The authorities must provide enterprises with

more possibilities to be innovative, and must provide support and regulations where the market fails to provide the necessary impullses.

CREATIVE HUMAN BEINGS who develop their

‘SELF-ORGANIZATION and DEVELOPMENT ’

A CREATIVE SOCIETY with a sound framework and a favourable climate for innovation. We must have high regard for inquisitiveness, thirst for knowledge and the creative urge. A creative society allows people to attempt something and fail, while also appreciating those who succeed. The norwegian welfare state provides a good starting point for a creative society with a significant capacity to restructure and innovate.

resources and competences, while grasping the possibility to apply them. Creative human beings share knowledge with other people, and use their creativity to produce new and better solutions. The authorities will help to release the creative

impulse by offering sound education, research, and adaptation of working life, as well as by working to bring about a culture that encourages creativity and entrepreneurship in society.


HOUSE: today

HOUSE: today (modern arch

HOUSING: O

E: today

MAIN ROOM (recreation) + FIRE IN THE CENTRE O

WINDOWS + LIGHT! (fore

HOUSE: today

TYPICAL + SIMPLE SHED

HOUSE: today (modern arch

HOUSING: O

E: today MATTER

MORFOLOGY

ROW house courtyard/ light yard

GREEN enclosed In and around

BUILDup area

ROW house

GREEN border + point

PACKEDhouses

GREEN center shared

ROW house courtyard/ light yard

VILLA BUILDup area / objects on claimed squares fenced plot

GREEN center shared

BUILDup area / claimed squares

USE OF LOCALSPACE (WELL-KNO FREE NATURE IN T + PRIVATE SUNSPACE NEA

MATTER

MORFOLOGY

MAIN ROOM (recreation) + FIRE IN THE CENTRE FREE NATURE SPACE IN TO + PRIVATE SUNSPACE NEA WINDOWS + LIGHT! (fore BUILDup area STACKEDhouses GREEN area TO SHARE / BUILDup LOWER COSTS SMALL large fully Functional small strips in build shared between APPARTMENTS (community TYPICAL + SIMPLE SHED

GREEN enclosed In and around

BUILDup area

GREEN area TO SHARE / BUILDup LOWER COSTS Functional small strips in shared between APPARTMENTS (community

ROW house

GREEN border + point

BUILDup area STACKEDhouses SMALL large fully build

PACKEDhouses

GREEN center shared

VILLA BUILDup area / objects on claimed squares fenced plot

GREEN center shared

BUILDup area / claimed squares


MATTER / MICRO SCALE: HOUSING What matters eventually is how people live in Norway. Following, is a research to the lifestyle of Norwegians and their tradition of living and a comparison between their current lifestyle, housing and modern architecture. Traditional Norwegian houses always had one common room used for living, sleeping, eating, working. The fireplace was centrally placed in the dwelling and heated up the entire house. Windows were small and scarce due to the cold climate. A lot of local and logical materials were used for building. They used local stone as a foundation to protect the house from snow and used massive logs of wood to build up the walls. The roof was made of slate shingles or tree bark with turf and grass on.

Today, the idea of the common nature, “almening’ is most interesting. Norwegians have their own land but don’t define it as theirs. The nature in Norway is for everyone, so you can pick a flower in someone else’s garden. This does not mean Norwegians don’t have an outdoor space of their own. Mostly all Norwegian houses have an outdoor balcony or south-orientated terrace close to the living area. This is usually cozy and decorated with flowers during sumer time.

h.) - what remains/

ON Office did a project in Norway that shed new light on Norwegian housing. It’s a housing block with 4 different dwellings, the dwellings are shifted according to the slope of the hill. With this shift, space is made available on the roof of the appartment below to make an own little private garden or sundeck. The architects made sure the green nature is still available for everyone on the roofs, referring to the “almening” idea, but at the same time each family has its own private outside space.

I also researched modern housing architecture in Norway today and found interesting projects in regard to the free nature and open space.

ON OFFICE ) MATTER / MICRO SCALE: HOUSING

OF THE HOUSE is an isoldhowworking-class Today, ideaside of theofcommon_Elgeseter_ nature, “almening’ most ON Office did a projectarea in Norway thatsouth shed new What matters eventually people live in Norway. is aismiddle class residential on the sidelight of on _Mollenberg_ district on thethe east

interesting. theirriver, own built land but don’t the Norwegian housing. dominated It’s a housing by block with 4ondifferent Following, a research to much the lifestyle of Norwegians around 19th century, NTNU its the Nidisthat retains of the wooden and houses built inNorwegians the 18th have the &architects) 19th century. the urbanbetween neighborhood is itstudents. sideisand the Regional Hospital of Trondheim the west. as theirs. The nature east in Norway for everyone, dwellings, the dwellings are shifted on according to the slope tradition of living50% and aofcomparison their define eigntheir Rosenborg gate Families moved of architecture. the environment. so School is in someone Planning & neighborhood renewal is deemed for children’s of the hill. With this shift, space is made available on the you canchildren pick a flower else’sorder garden. current lifestyle, housingbecause and modern St Norwegian Olavs gatewell-off now either from families or families living in social needs they spaces inbelow competition cars, roof open of the appartment to make an with own little private This does not mean Norwegians don’tas have an struggle outdoor for Traditional houses always had one common Nonnegate housing. This means smaller and more expensive apartments, controlled garden and in-fill construction. room used for living, sleeping, eating, working. The space of their own. Mostly all Norwegian houses have an garden or sundeck. The architects made sure the green SHAPE Nedre Bakklandet lots ofwas area with placed segregation, closing increased fireplace centrally in the dwelling and properties, heated outdoor balcony orprices, south-orientated terrace close to the nature is still available for everyone on the roofs, referring General Buddes gate andhouse. bad conditions. upnoisy the entire Windows were small and scarce due living area. This is usually cozy and decorated with flowers to the “almening” idea, but at the same time each family has its own private outside space. to the cold climate. A lot of local and logical materials were during sumer time. used for building. They used local stone as a foundation to protect the house from snow and used massive logs of I also researched modern housing architecture in Norway _Existing_Neighborhood_ wood to build up the walls. The roof was made of slate today and found interesting projects in regard to the free shingles or tree bark with turf and grass on. nature and open space.

THE NBH AR HOUSE / APPARTMENT

S: HOUSES ARE St Olavs gateDIVIDED IN y feeling) Nedre Bakklandet

Rosenborg gate Nonnegate General Buddes gate


MATTER

View from South

diversity, vitality, street life, people watching, cafe culture, events and local traditions/ pastimes, openinghours, flow, attractors, transaction base, fine grain economy symbolism & memory

imagineability & legibility View from North

sensory expierience & associations knowledgeability A loose tie between the city Centre and the west exist. The buildings that lies within the image receptivity indirect boundary have more recreational spaces and parking as it is on the outskirts. psychological access cosmopolitan/ sophistication fear

claimed & DENSITY MATTER

claimed & DENSITY

activity

place 5 Ostre Ila form

scale Intensity Permeability Landmarks Space to Building Ratio Stock (adaptability and range) Vertical grain Public realm (space system)

_Hospitalslokkan_22_

diversity, vitality, street life, people watching, cafe culture, events and local traditions/ pastimes, openinghours, flow, attractors, transaction base, fine grain economy symbolism & memory imagineability & legibility sensory expierience & associations image knowledgeability receptivity psychological access cosmopolitan/ sophistication fear

activity

place form

scale Intensity Permeability Landmarks Space to Building Ratio Stock (adaptability and range) Vertical grain Public realm (space system)


MATTER / MICRO SCALE: PEOPLE & HOUSING In Norway, there is a tendency of single people living alone in normal familiy housing. Single people don’t have a single person lifestyle, they live the same life of a couples or family person. Singles also want their own personal well-sized kitchen, living room and if possible 2 bedrooms, even if they can only use 1. This has an effect on energy and land consumption, because all these rooms have to be heated and built up for only 1 person. For example: the energy used for 1 house with 3 inhabitants sharing communal space (kitchen, living room, corridor) is per person much less than the energy used for 1 house with only 1 inhabitant who has to heat the same amount of rooms and space, only used by this one person.

Since several years the single topic isn’t new anymore in Norway. Fantastic Norway made an architecture project that created a communal house for single mothers. It consists of several single ‘houses’ with one big communal space The paper “one person households” by K. Gram-Hanssen combining them. Also the crown prince of Norway married discusses this topic : ‘On one hand it implies increased a single mother instead of a traditional princess. This is a housing consumption as well as increased energy sign that singles and single mothers are becoming a new consumption as those who can afford it chooses to live social group that should be taken into account in Norway. alone in big houses or apartments. On the other hand Singles and single mothers are becoming “a hot topic”. there may also be a social problem associated with living alone, if less wealthy singles are obliged to live in less attractive dwellings compared with people living as couples that typically have two incomes.’ This single lving also affects social problems. Single people who can afford a bigger, more luxurious but mainly also a more isolated place to live will live in this area.

MATTER / MICRO SCALE: PEOPLE & HOUSING

the progressive of development within city To problems. incorporate within eachyears compartment ofisn’t thenew gridanymore lines in several the single topic singlethe lving also affects social Singlesquares people Since InThrough Norway, there is a tendency lines of single people living This centre, the southern region Single have squares surrounded by the built more instead of a entire would spread recreational areas Norway madethe an architecture project that who can afford a bigger, luxurious but mainly alsocompartment a Norway. Fantastic alone in normal familiy housing. people don’t up area. Neat axis lines and landscape defines the network inwards as the regeneration of the city centre spread outwards to created a communal house for single mothers. It consists have a single person lifestyle, they live the same life of more isolated place to live will live in this area. cityperson. centre. A line create a balance. of several single ‘houses’ with one big communal space a towards couples orthe family Singles alsorevolving want their the own Nidelva river appear as a separate network. One particular area with an intended personal well-sized kitchen, living room and if possible 2 The paper “one person households” by K. Gram-Hanssen combining them. Also the crown prince of Norway married outdooreven space is can found parks with outdoor seen through bedrooms, if they only at useTykrisveita. 1. This has an effect discusses this topic : ‘On oneNewly-invested hand it implies increased a single motherfacilities instead of aistraditional princess.the Thisarea is a thatashave a loose tie between twoand region. A neware identity would sign that the singles single mothers becoming a new on energy and land consumption, because all these rooms housing consumption as well increased energy bring different affects instead of remaining it. A reconfiguration of the network to pursue the continuity of the have to be heated and built up for only 1 person. For consumption as those who can afford it chooses to live social group that should be taken into account in Norway. city centre is ideal regeneration towards theinindustrial example: the energy usedfor for the 1 house with 3 inhabitants alone big housesarea or apartments. On the other hand Singles and single mothers are becoming “a hot topic”. of Ila.communal Building around Kongens Gate haveisa different typology as problem associated with living sharing space (kitchen, living room, corridor) there may also be a social it is not developed along a specific axis. per person much less than the energy used for 1 house alone, if less wealthy singles are obliged to live in less with only 1 inhabitant who has to heat the same amount of attractive dwellings compared with people living as couples that typically have two incomes.’ rooms and space, only used by this one person.

_Along_Erling_Skakkes_Gate_


The impact of natural resources and energy on humans as well as the

relationship between urban and rural areas. With most of Norwegian cities being close to the sea, forests, or mountains, Norway wants to show, how these cities incorporate nature to improve the quality of life of their inhabitants.

rough oasis in the city

The impact of natural resources and energy on humans as well as the

relationship between urban and rural areas. With most of Norwegian cities being close to the sea, forests, or mountains, Norway wants to show, how these cities incorporate nature to improve the quality of life of their inhabitants.

rough oasis in the city

West-East Hospitalsgata Tordenskiolds Gate St Olavs Gate Prinsens Gate Jomfrugata Nodrea Gata


FRAGILITY-SUSTAINABILITY-MATTER / COMPARISON VENUSTAS-FIRMITAS-UTILITAS For the tryptich “Fragility - Sustainability - Matter” a comparison can be made with the 3 qualities of architecture, made by Vitruvius. According to Vitruvius all architecture should consist out of these 3 features. These 3 main characters are Venustas or beauty, Firmitas or firmness and Utilitus or functionality. We can compare these 3 qualities with the 3 terms we had to discuss in the introduction to this exercise being: Fragility, Sustainability and Matter.

Firmitas could be seen as the sustainable feature, sustainability is eventually what gives a solid or firm foundation and future for all architecture. This is what is important today and what should be the starting point of every architect and all architecture today. It’s not just about giving architecture a firm base or foundation today but as well in 10, 100, 1000 years. Utilitas is eventually what matters, what is important in each building or in all architecture. Architecture should be This being said, the venustas or beauty could be compared useful, practical and buildable. to fragility, it’s an aspect that strikes you, that gives strength Fragility is also about nesting, a theme the Japanese to architecture but also makes it breakable or vulnerable architect Fujimoto has studied a lot. Fragility and beauty is about making a home and feeling at home. at the same time.

3

Sustainability is about having little impact on earth and nature. It’s important to make sure that what you build doesn’t affect earth in a bad way. The most functional buildings are slumhouses made with easy and local found material. The houses are functional in the way that they often are the size the inhabitants want them to have. If the inhabitants need an extra room, they can easily go and get some more material and build the needed space.

FRAGILITY-SUSTAINABILITY-MATTER / COMPARISON VENUSTAS-FIRMITAS-UTILITAS NATURAL BORDERS low designed,

Trondheim has many pleasant and quite different neighbourhoods.

Sustainability is about having little impact on earth and of For the tryptich “Fragility - Sustainability - Matter”just a Firmitas be seen as the sustainable feature, feeling to outreach onto theoffjords and in between buildings In the centre town you'll spaces find the special wooden houses creatingcould oppurtunities toAget It’s important to match make sure that the what you comparison can be made with the 3 qualities of architecture, sustainability is eventually what a solid or Bakklandet, firm nature.region thatgives lies on the north-most doesn’t together as thebuild terraced flats along Nidelven and classic wooden people to meet, and invent This is what is doesn’t affect earth in a bad way. made by Vitruvius. According to Vitruvius all architecture foundation and future for all architecture. development appears as a supposed form of continuity. town houses from the 17th and 18th centuries. activities on their own should consist out of these 3 features. These 3 main important today and what should be the starting point of The most functional buildings are slumhouses made with today. It’s not just about andopening local found material. houses are characters are Venustas or beauty, Firmitas or firmness and every architect and all architecture A different scene alongeasy each should beThe relatable as functional one MATERIAL Utilitus or functionality. We can compare these 3 qualities giving architecture a firm basetravels or foundation as tointhe the other. way that they often are the size the inhabitants want fromtoday one but end LIGHT with the 3 terms we had to discuss in the introduction to well in 10, 100, 1000 years. them to have. If the inhabitants need an extra room, they Top: this exercise being: Fragility, andreflect Matter.the historic Utilitas is eventually what matters, what is important in‘green can easily go and get some more material and build the LOCALSustainability materials that hill for activities and recreation’ Fjordgatause to Sandgata needed space. each building or in all architecture. Architecture should be but also the rather simple way, easily This being said, the venustas or beauty could be compared useful, practical and buildable. perceived or understood, clearBottom: or apparent, to fragility, it’s an aspect that strikes you, that gives strength Fragility is also about nesting, a theme the Japanese Sandgata could be refered to as a scandinavian style ‘DAYLIGHT, to architecture but alsoasmakes it breakable or vulnerable architect Fujimoto has studied a lot. Fragility and beauty is TRANSPARENCY about making a home and feeling at home. and FLEXIBILITY’ at the same time.

+

_Shore_Line_

3

NATURAL BORDERS low designed, just creating oppurtunities to get people to meet, and invent activities on their own

Trondheim has many pleasant and quite different neighbourhoods.

In the centre of town you'll find the special wooden houses of Bakklandet, terraced flats along Nidelven and the classic wooden town houses from the 17th and 18th centuries.

MATERIAL

LOCAL materials that reflect the historic use but also the rather simple way, easily

perceived or understood, clear or apparent, as could be refered to as a scandinavian style

+ LIGHT

‘green hill for activities and recreation’

‘DAYLIGHT, TRANSPARENCY and FLEXIBILITY’


Arab Muslim writer named Ahmad ibn Fadlan: !orwegian chief or king died on an expedition. The dead king was put in a temporary grave for ten days. During that time they arranged the funeral. When the time had arrived for cremation, they pulled his longship ashore and put on it a platform of wood, and they made a bed for the dead king on the ship.The king was put into his bed with all his weapons and grave offerings around him. Thereafter, the relatives of the dead chieftain arrived with            facilitates the voyage to the realm of the dead, but unfortunately, the story does not tell to which realm the deceased was to go. Afterwards, a round barrow was built over the ashes and in the centre of the mound they erected a staff of birch wood, where they carved the names of the dead chieftain and his king. Then they departed in their ships.

Arab Muslim writer named Ahmad ibn Fadlan: !orwegian chief or king died on anBadekarpadlingen expedition. The dead king was put in a temporary grave for ten days.1979, During that time Since they arranged the funeral. Badekarpadlingen or When the time had arrived for cremation, they pulled his Bathtub race and is they longship ashore and put on it a platform of wood, for was newput made a bed for the dead king on organized the ship.The king into his bed with all his weapons and grave offerings around students during him. Thereafter, the relatives of the dead chieftain arrived with September. Students            built a boat that may or facilitates the voyage to the realm of the dead, but unfortunately, may not float the story does not tell to which realm the deceased wasand to go. sabotage other Afterwards, a round barrow was built over the ashes and infloating the centre of the mound they erected a devices staff of birch wherea towood, retrieve they carved the names of the dead chieftain his king. Then GoldenandChest they departed in their ships.


CULTURE / FIRE: IN HOUSING & CULTURE Fire was important in the tradition and lifestyle of Norway (in tales, culture, mythology and everyday life, the house). Fire is good when ice and water suggest evil. Fire is life and makes life possible when ice threatens life and fire. Fire is in hands of the god Loki, he is unpredictable, a little evil but he always outsmarts the Gods and saves them. He is often recognized as a culture hero, like the Greek Prometheus. The fire that Loki gives to people is an ambiguous gift: first, promoting culture (heat, light, cooking, metalworking...), secondly if it appears that man in fact can not control (guns, technology). People were afraid but at the same time fascinated by fire.

Fire is also embedded in Norwegians tradition of funerals. When a viking chief died, the clan made a bed of wood on his longship and set this ship on fire while sailing towards the endless ocean. The Arab muslim writer Ahmad ibn Fadlan described the funeral of a viking chief who died in battle and was put on his longship to be set on fire and sail towards Walhalla.

The Norwegian architecture office made an installation near the Trondheim fjord where they combine the water and fire to create an environment that invites people to sit and come together. Today fire still has an attraction and a power that brings people together. This especially in Norway where fire is this important.

Fire has mystic, warm and inviting qualities and invites Fire has a central place in Norwegian houses and Norwegian people to talk, think and be together or alone. tradition. The fireplace was used to warm up the whole house and its inhabitants. It also had a central place in the household for cooking, working or as a lightsource. Today fire is used as a way to make people come together.

CULTURE / FIRE: IN HOUSING & CULTURE

‘expresses movement’ The Norwegian architecture office made an installation of funerals. Fire was important in the tradition and lifestyle of Norway Fire is also embedded in Norwegians tradition Russfeiring SQUARE (in tales, culture, mythology and everyday life, the house). When a viking chief died, the clan made a bed of wood on near the Trondheim fjord where they combine the water and fire to create an environment that cap, invites russelue, people to sitis his longship and setwear this ship on while sailing towards Fire is good when ice and water suggest evil. Fire is life Onfirethe morning of National day on 17th May, a russ Tradition dictates that Russ come Today still hasofana attraction andhis the endless ocean. muslimwith writerthe Ahmad ibn andof and makes life possible when ice threatens life andoveralls fire. their from 1st to 17thThe of Arabgiven christening thetogether. graduate andfireaward name by Fadlan described vikingfellow chief who died in a power that brings people together. This especially in may without washing and the funeral ofora her graduate. Fire is in hands of the god Loki, he is unpredictable, a except battle and was put on his longship to be set on fire and Norway where fire‘multi-functionality’ is this important. interruption sleeping. Russ little evil but he always outsmarts the Gods andpartake saves sail towardsclothing. Walhalla. also in crazy The cap is also loaded with tiny figurines, called knots dangling from ‘a connection between thestrings that represents the prank played or ainviting dare met during the them. He is often recognized as a culture hero, like the Fire ahas mystic, warm and qualities and invites overalls includes their placeand month Students then compete for the most knots on their cap. people to talk, think and be together or alone. Greek Prometheus. The fire that Loki givesThe to people isdifferent Fire has aactivities central in Norwegian houses and Norwegian users’ cap that match an ambiguous gift: first, promoting culturestudent (heat, light, tradition. The their fireplace was used to warm up the whole graduate linehouse of study. and its inhabitants. It also had a central place in the_Existing_Neighborhood_ W4 cooking, metalworking...), secondly if it appears that man ‘informal atmosphere‘ in fact can not control (guns, technology). People were household for cooking, working or as a lightsource. Today fire is used as a way to make people come together. afraid but at the same time fascinated by fire.

‘expresses movement’

SQUARE

‘multi-functionality’ ‘a connection between the different activities and users’ ‘informal atmosphere‘


CULTURE / NORWEGIAN RELATION TO WATER & NATURE of the surrounding nature. Munch was walking along Oslo’s waterfront when he suddenly got overwhelmed by the scenery: “I was walking down the road with two friends when the sun set; suddenly, the sky turned as red as blood. I stopped and leaned against the fence, feeling unspeakably tired. Tongues of fire and blood stretched On sundays you see a lot of Norwegian families hiking over the bluish black fjord. My friends went on walking, and playing nearby the fjord and water. They love being while I lagged behind, shivering with fear. Then I heard the outside and love to be near the water and go on family enormous, infinite scream of nature.” So the person on the painting (representing Munch) isn’t outings towards the fjord. Edward Munch’s Scream, the famous painting made by screaming, it’s the overwhelming nature that is screaming the Norwegian painter, doesn’t express fear or a scream and this person needs to shut his ears so he won’t hear from the man on the painting. It expresses the usurpation nature’s screams. The attitude of Norwegians towards the water and the waterfront is interesting. On the one hand they love using and seeing this water and love to be nearby the water, on the other hand there was and sometimes still is fear and awe for the scenery and beautiful environment.

Kosmorama 08 film shows the threat towards local films as it needs to be realized that there is hidden messages and trails of local identity in urban life. The picture film revolved around the OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES town square as the locations is with passer-by and the ordinary. You can enjoy fishing, riding, swimming, walks, skiing, skating, trotting and lots more...

SPORTS You can join sportsclubs, atletics and orienteering, boxing, martial arts, fencing, cycling, equestrian, football, handball, ice hockey, swimming, skiing, snowboarding, watersports and lots more...

OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES You can enjoy fishing, riding, swimming, walks, skiing, skating, trotting and lots more... SPORTS You can join sportsclubs, atletics and orienteering, boxing, martial arts, fencing, cycling, equestrian, football, handball, ice hockey, swimming, skiing, snowboarding, watersports and lots more...

Trondheim Kino 90 år picture film shows images of a local cinema that revolves around the changes of time. As the place remains the BODY CULTURE IN URBAN SPACE same, the thought of what should remain and what not becomes a Katie’s class “body culture in urban space” went on a field theme.

trip today to several sites in Copenhagen. It was a bicycle field trip, which added to the fun. There seems to be a lot of emphasis on sports facilities and community centers within the urban center of Copenhagen. I really like the connection between this and the Valle work that I’m doing. It was interesting to talk with her professor from the Danish Royal Academy — His studio does work in sports facilities, schools, and health. I like that combination.

_Existencial_Meanings_

BODY CULTURE IN URBAN SPACE Katie’s class “body culture in urban space” went on a field trip today to several sites in Copenhagen. It was a bicycle field trip, which added to the fun. There seems to be a lot of emphasis on sports facilities and community centers within the urban center of Copenhagen. I really like the connection between this and the Valle work that I’m doing. It was interesting to talk with her professor from the Danish Royal Academy — His studio does work in sports facilities, schools, and health. I like that combination.


Burying the railway would folds of opportunity to bring the waterfront to Trondheim. Keeping traces of the railway above ground can reflect a new cultural point. The railway and industry became more apparent visually as we walk along history. At present time NETWORKS

NETWORKS


MASTERPLAN / NW WATERFRONT: RAILROAD & GREEN CONNECTION The first thing of importance in Trondheim is that the Munkholmen island plays an important role. Space syntax did a studie on the city and found out Prinsens Gt, Munkegt and Kjopmansgt were the most used roads. After doing research I saw that these roads (the main structural roads in the city) head towards Munkholmen island. If you elongate the view axes, they always lead to the island. Munkegt leads to the fish market where you have a view on the fjord and the island. Kjopmansgt leads to the new swimming pool near the fjord where you also have a clear view on the island. It’s clearly that the connection with the fjord and Munkholmen played an important role during the building of Trondheim.

Another important thing is that the green strip along the border between the fjord and the land or hills is interrupted by the industrial waterfront of Trondheim. Yet this green strip is actually a valuable place and actually makes the real Norwegian waterfront. This green strip is often used as a place where people live with the most spectacular view and as a place where people can relax and have some fresh air. This green strip also makes the connection between the city and the fjord. Especially in places like Lade, this connection is much appreciated and used by inhabitants of Trondheim who come hiking, playing and bathing during summer.

The railroad is eventually the last object to overcome and to make a better connection between the city and the fjord and nature. A possibility is to make the railroad go underground. The railroad already goes underground for a little while when it crosses Kongens Gate and at the same time there is a new car tunnel entering the industry island. If these 2 could be combined, car and railwaytraffic could as well go underground to liberate the city waterfront from railway.

MASTERPLAN / NW WATERFRONT: RAILROAD &TRONDHEIM'S GREEN CONNECTION STRATEGIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CITY

+

-

=

+

-

=

areas the for commercial useis eventually The railroad theoflastthe object to overcome and strip along The first thing of importance in Trondheim is that the Another important thing is that the greenexpand Sight line Fjords will establish planning policies result in a more predictable proces to makewhich a better connection between theplanning city and the is interrupted Munkholmen island plays an important role. Space syntax border between the fjord and the land or hills diminish alike the scenography and nature.from A possibility is stimulate to but makewe the railroad go Yet thisa compact green fjord did a studie on the city and found out Prinsens Gt, by the industrial waterfront of Trondheim. Fjordgata can’t stop maintain urban development pattern and urban regeneration NEW identity or most added underground. The railroad already goes underground for strip isthis actually a valuable place and actually makes the Munkegt and Kjopmansgt were the used identity, roads. Aftershould our city from developing. We need reduce transport dependency through location policy and zoning regulationa harbour be something completly diffrent or little while when crosses Kongens Gate and at the same is often doing research I saw that these roads (the main structural real Norwegian waterfront. This green strip aitspaces principal of growth. preserve andused develop existing green should it join its existing, less important roads in the city) head towards Munkholmen island. If you asuse a with place where people live with the most spectacular time there is a new car tunnel entering the industry island. If these 2 SVARTLAMOEN could be combined, car and railwaytraffic could elongate the view axes, theynew always to thetoisland. view and as a place where people can relax and have something andlead exiting bring life to both NYHAVNA Munkegt leads to the fish market where you have a view some fresh air. as well go underground to liberate the city waterfront from large scale building blocks large scale building blocks on the fjord and the island. Kjopmansgt leads to the new This green strip also makes the connection between the railway. hard materials ( concrete, steel, …) with rough details hard materials ( concrete, steel, …) with rough details swimming pool near the fjord where you also have a clear city and the fjord. Especially in places like Lade, this traffic wide roads and train tracks traffic wide roads and train tracks view on the island. It’s clearly that the connection with the connection is much appreciated and used by inhabitants _Fragility Week_ W5 industrial image industrial scales impersonal image fjord and Munkholmen played an important role during the of Trondheim who come hiking, playing andscales bathingimpersonal during ground surface gray asphalt ground surface gray asphalt summer. building of Trondheim.

NEW identity or added identity, should this

harbour be something completly diffrent or

should it join its existing, less important use with something new and exiting to bring life to both

TRONDHEIM'S STRATEGIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CITY expand areas for commercial use

establish planning policies which result in a more predictable planning proces

maintain a compact urban development pattern and stimulate urban regeneration reduce transport dependency through location policy and zoning regulation preserve and develop existing green spaces NYHAVNA large scale building blocks hard materials ( concrete, steel, …) with rough details traffic wide roads and train tracks industrial scales impersonal image ground surface gray asphalt

SVARTLAMOEN large scale building blocks

hard materials ( concrete, steel, …) with rough details traffic wide roads and train tracks

industrial scales impersonal image ground surface gray asphalt


FRAGILE WEEK / SNOHETTA LECTURE During fragile week, Tarald Lundevall from Snohetta architecture office gave a lecture. The lecture was mainly about the Snohetta Opera building in Oslo. Oslo has the same problems as Trondheim. They have a possible large waterfront but now this is mainly occupied by industry. The city of Oslo wanted an opera house near the water.

This building had to have some grandeur, some monumentality. The architects stated that it’s not verticality that gives monumentality, but that it’s horizontality, so the made a huge carpet coming from the fjord and going over the building. This way people walk on the roof of the building and can look in and find out what’s going on inside and maybe come in another time.

The building consists of 4 charachteristical properties. The building itself is a machine, the entire building works for 1 Tarald Lundevall is also professor at the Oslo School of or 2 little stages and for a couple of hours of entertainment. Architecture and Design, he then showed us some projects Between this machine and the fjord, you have a kind of of architecture graduates. lock chamber or a huge threshold, a curved wall, that takes you inside the machine and the theatre stages.

The people’s relationship with the natural world, affects the mental and physical health. By investigating lateral points to the water front, it also deals indirectly to all age groups

+ existing activity and structure + cultural and historical landmarks + green strip proposal Would change of connection make a remark on citizens whom move in and out of the city?


This urban enclave is an attractor for

Starting with the end of developmentthe local residents it offers their borders and bridges, we can make abasic needs but ot isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t integrated comprehensive study to bring revivalin the general context. to the surrounding.

Svartlamon

This urban enclave is an attractor for the local residents it offers their basic needs but ot isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t integrated in the general context.

Svartlamon


A GETAWAY PLACE & ATMOSPHERE / DREAM OR REALITY? The plan is to make this artificial industry strip, seperating the city and the fjord, into a real island, a ‘skerry’ (a rocky island in front of the Norwegian westcoast, protecting the mainland). This island is then given back to nature and the fjord and becomes a place where you can have a rest and relax. It’s a retreating place, a getaway place. A place to get out of busy, daily life and reset your mind. This idea is based on the Norwegian idea of having a cabin. This cabin is used as a weekend retreat, to go back to nature and back to basics. Living without the everyday worries. It’s also based on the (to me) Norwegian waterfront that is used as a place to walk and think.

Ladehammer Fjord

The idea of getting away is also based on the movie ‘Du Levande’, where a redheaded girl dreams of Micke Larsson, a guitarplayer whom she marries in her dream. They go of on a honeymoon in a moving house on railroad tracks but they don’t exactly know where they will be going. The whole atmosphere of the movie is greyish and depressing, but still somehow warm, honest or calming. This ‘getting away idea’ is also to be found in the masterplan for a railway city by Jagnefalt Milton and especially in his pictures. They show deserted spaces in which you can reset your mind and thoughts. His masterplan contains moving cabins with which you can travel and go to another breathtaking residence.

A visual interesting point, that could function as a

Tunnel under the railway and the headrole. This is miles away, in the heads of pathway across the residents, from there prefered place to go now. rail tracks can be seen. The apparent Ladehammerkaia advantage is to use it and connect the there A real junction of infrastructure and functions. They all claimed north and the east. space, of which there is plenty, so the spare part are lying everywhere. leisure gate, but now there is the industry that takes

The ignore each other and live in a one-to-one relation with their users, ... The fenced of claimed approach leave this place with an empty feel, abandoned an underused.

Ladehammer Fjord

A visual interesting point, that could function as a

leisure gate, but now there is the industry that takes the headrole. This is miles away, in the heads of residents, from there prefered place to go now.

Ladehammerkaia A real junction of infrastructure and functions. They all claimed there space, of which there is plenty, so the spare part are lying everywhere.

The ignore each other and live in a one-to-one relation with their users, ... The fenced of claimed approach leave this place with an empty feel, abandoned an underused.


Mining is a trade from the past along Ila, Kisanlegg and Fogervika. Rail tracks are a priority until the mining held no longer importance. Development is not spread further as the landscape remains dominant. Mining and off shore structures still remain at present.


A GETAWAY PLACE: ISLAND / ISOLATION The plan is to make this artificial industry strip, seperating the city and the fjord, into a real island, a ‘skerry’ (a rocky island in front of the Norwegian westcoast, protecting the mainland). This island is then given back to nature and the fjord and becomes a place where you can have a rest and relax. It’s a retreating place, a getaway place. A place to get out of busy, daily life and reset your mind.

island and the fjord (as is Prinsens Gate). This whole place functions as an outlook place and may contain a lookout tower, an arena where inhabitants can have a campfire and eventually a swimming pool in the water of the fjord (that can function as an ice-skating arena during winter times). At the other side of the island a pedestrian bridge makes the connection with the walking bridge at the other side of the city, crossing Nidelva river and connecting the This island can be reached by 2 bridges. One ‘big’ bridge, sports area with the city. Several piers give an interior view making you enter from the inner city, walking down the towards the city and the outskirts of the island could be road Prinsens Gate (which is the most strucural and made into a beach with several piers. important road for the city) to an outdoor public activity place. This place is orientated towards the Munkholmen

Buildings upon the waterfront with the continuity of networks includes Hospitalsgata, Tordenskiolds Gate, St. Olav Gate, Prinsens Gate, Munkgata, Jomfrugata, Nordre Gate, Gaubekveita, Sondre Gate and Kjopmannsgata.

As the inner-waterfront is in line with parking bays for boats, Sandgata, St. Olav and Prinsen Gate look most potential for redevelopment as it coincide with the outer-waterfront that have temporary building structure.

LIVE, WORK, RECREATION, WATERFRONT, TRANSPORT Temporariness of STAY, the outer waterfront with moving trains in multiple rail tracks and temporary structure or storage suggests an identity of Oppurtunities are plentypurposes. here, but it won’t happen at its own that existed solely for transitory once, keypoint is to make som attractors on the city

scale, like the big objects that define its industrial role

now. Like the bunker which represents the historical context. But what will this point be, A remarkable object, or something really typical for whats is going on.

EXTERNALISED, WITH NEW INSIDE POSIBILITIES, BLURING THE BORDERS

_Connectivity_Between_Waters_

W6

LIVE, STAY, WORK, RECREATION, WATERFRONT, TRANSPORT Oppurtunities are plenty here, but it won’t happen at once, keypoint is to make som attractors on the city

scale, like the big objects that define its industrial role

now. Like the bunker which represents the historical context. But what will this point be, A remarkable object, or something really typical for whats is going on.

EXTERNALISED, WITH NEW INSIDE POSIBILITIES, BLURING THE BORDERS


Right Contaminants Left Advisories â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Sea Food


DUALITY / BRIDGE = CRUCIAL There is a lot of duality to be found in this getaway island near the city. The words combined show a collision between on the one hand wanting to seperate itself from the city and being an island and on the other hand wanting to make a good connection to the city and giving the city its well deserved connection to the fjord and nature. In this particular case it’s seperation battling versus connection. This knowing and realizing, the bridge (which makes the connection or the seperation) is crucial. I read Simmels ‘Bridge & Door’ for more understanding this issue and precising this peculiar connection or seperation. Simmel talks and writes about the human tendency of

always trying to connect or seperate everything, so I also tried to find out, how come people always want to do this. This brought me to the ‘Gestaltpsychology’ and the perception of things. Both theories will be explained later on in this journal. The bridge is based on the idea of having one experience at one side but having a complete other experience once you’re on the other side without even realizing or seeing it. It expresses this duality of connection and seperation by creating a feeling of connection at the cityside and by creating a complete opposite feeling of seperation and clear ‘crossing of a boundary’ at the other side, the islandside.

HIDE + EXPOSE

The use of the Hide en See principle on the border of the fjord, is been

derived from the shifting view between the frontline at the water and the framed view from the street behind the buildings.

It gives a shifted view towards the water and gives the expierience a new layer, going behind in front or in between, and being fully exposed

to the wind or hidden from the cold wind. But always with a changing view to the water, so the contact is restored.

FRAME A visual interesting point is been framed, to give a slow speed seasonal expierience, ... also making it part af the daily schedule of the people to go and distract themself and giving them some public privacy, like libraries can.

Recreational areas for outdoor activities in Trondheim >5 decare = light green

Urban form is no longer designated by a line of demarcation

between here and there, but has become >200 synonymous decarewith = the programming of a ‘time schedule’. Its dark gateway is less a green door which must be opend than an audio-visual protocol which reorganizes the modes of public perception.

HIDE + EXPOSE

The use of the Hide en See principle on the border of the fjord, is been

derived from the shifting view between the frontline at the water and the framed view from the street behind the buildings.

It gives a shifted view towards the water and gives the expierience a new layer, going behind in front or in between, and being fully exposed

to the wind or hidden from the cold wind. But always with a changing view to the water, so the contact is restored.

FRAME A visual interesting point is been framed, to give a slow speed seasonal expierience, ... also making it part af the daily schedule of the people to go and distract themself and giving them some public privacy, like libraries can.

Urban form is no longer designated by a line of demarcation

between here and there, but has become synonymous with the programming of a ‘time schedule’. Its gateway is less a door which must be opend than an audio-visual protocol which reorganizes the modes of public perception.


ROCK = LANDSCAPE

ROCK = LANDSCAPE


BRIDGE & DOOR / G.SIMMEL Georg Simmel was a German philosopher and sociologist that was mainly interested in everyday life and cultural phenomena. In his essay ‘Bridge & Door’ he discusses the fact that man always has a tendency to connect or seperate things and how the bridge and the door are two concrete manifestations of this desire. The bridge for Simmel, is a bridge in the landscape, not in an urban setting. This bridge connects 2 riverbanks and in this way the bridge connects the finite landscape on the one hand with the finite landscape on the other hand. The door is more interesting for Simmel. The first man who built the first house, took some space of the infinite unity and continuity and made this space his own. This

space was a finite, defined space. By creating a door, man always has the oppurtunity of connecting with this continuity and unity or of seperating himself and his house and creating his own little space. In this way, the door was more interesting for Simmel because it showed 2 sides of 1 act (not just connecting, as it’s the case with the connecting bridge) and a constant interchange was possible. By reflecting this on my own work, I realized my bridge wasn’t really a bridge, but it was mainly a door because of the finite and seperated characteristic of this island I wanted to make.

Dividing it from Svartlamon by water generates

a distance between, living and now industry. But it also defines both identities better and creates

a hard transition from where the softened path can start to both sides.

Listed historical timber buildings Contrast between the busy harbour and tall modern concrete buildings. By making the bunker part of the landscape and

the restoration, small reshaping it like During its another hill in the acity, like pipeda underground is Kristiansten Fort,river it’s , also place of historical open

BRIDGE

defense. So this would be a place where you go to,

_Ilsvikora_

but enjoy more active things close to the water

Dividing it from Svartlamon by water generates

a distance between, living and now industry. But it also defines both identities better and creates

a hard transition from where the softened path can start to both sides.

By making the bunker part of the landscape and reshaping it like its another hill in the city, like Kristiansten Fort, it’s also a place of historical BRIDGE

defense. So this would be a place where you go to, but enjoy more active things close to the water


Water front lined with residential or industrial use. Low-level activity, mainly to transit to the city centre. No building tradition. Mining activity with short lived structure

INFRASTRUCTURE

de/FRASTRUCTURE

INFRASTRUCTURE

de/FRASTRUCTURE

3 Potential sites for development


HOW COME SEPERATION & CONNECTING / GESTALT I was curious to find out why man has this desire to always connect and seperate things. That’s how I came to the gestaltpsychology that states we see (actually our brain wants to see) the world in groups, relations, patterns or wholes. When we see a point on a paper, we don’t just see the point, but we see the relation of this point to the edges of the paper, the orientation of the point, ... “The Gestalt effect is the form-generating capability of our senses with respect to the visual recognition of figures and whole forms instead of just a collection of lines and curves”. “The whole is more important than the sum of the parts” like a table is more to us than merely the planks and the legs, it’s something we can use to eat, draw, read, ...

The gestalt theorists have made up some rules how the brain of man sees or wants to make relations between seperate shapes, forms, building, people, ... These rules are similarity, continuity, closure and proximity and show us how our brain always wants to see the relations between different things. These ideas are also really important in architecture because they are about perception and composition, which are 2 important subjects in architecture. Because I was allready working around perception with my bridge, I also find this really interesting to use this as a designing tool.

Virilio is known above all as a theorist of speed and time. Technical developments in the field of telecommunications and transportation have led to an erosion of the physical, to the point where ’the loss of material space leads to the government of nothing but time’. This has an

obvious consequence for a discipline such as architecture which has excerted its influence through materiality.

In ‘The Overexposed City’ Virilio explores a number of themes that arise from this condition.

Symbolically -but also practically- the city is no longer governed by physical boundaries but by ‘THE OVEREXPOSED CITY’ P. VIRILIO

systems of electronic surveillance. Thus the city gate gives way to the security gateway at the airport. Within the home too the traditional physical windows gives way to the interface of the

housing with viewing platform across the screen. everywhere architecture is going New through a crisis as the hegemony of physical presence site to allow users to experience the space differently from the ground

is being eroded, and notions such as ‘near’ and ‘far’ have lost their traditional authority‘SPEED DISTANCE OBLITERATES THE NOTION OF PHYSICAL DIMENSION’.

Virilio is known above all as a theorist of speed and time. Technical developments in the field of telecommunications and transportation have led to an erosion of the physical, to the point where ’the loss of material space leads to the government of nothing but time’. This has an

obvious consequence for a discipline such as architecture which has excerted its influence through materiality.

In ‘The Overexposed City’ Virilio explores a number of themes that arise from this condition.

Symbolically -but also practically- the city is no longer governed by physical boundaries but by ‘THE OVEREXPOSED CITY’ P. VIRILIO

systems of electronic surveillance. Thus the city gate gives way to the security gateway at the airport. Within the home too the traditional physical windows gives way to the interface of the

screen. everywhere architecture is going through a crisis as the hegemony of physical presence is being eroded, and notions such as ‘near’ and ‘far’ have lost their traditional authority‘SPEED DISTANCE OBLITERATES THE NOTION OF PHYSICAL DIMENSION’.


Lookout T o w e r

Munkholmen F i r e Arena

Castle

Nidaros dom

P o o l

Since men first began to use enclosures, thefrom notion of what view islandside a boundary is has undergone transformations which Munkholmen Castle Nidaros dom concern both facade and what it faces, its vis-à-vis. from HORIZONTAL the fence to the screen,.... The boundary-surface has been F i r e transformed, percetibly or imperceptibly A continually rena VERTICAL

Lookout T o w e r

view from cityside

transportation and the development of communications and telecommunications.

view from cityside

Since men first began to use enclosures, thefrom notion of what view islandside a boundary is has undergone transformations which concern both facade and what it faces, its vis-à-vis. from the fence to the screen,.... The boundary-surface has been

HORIZONTAL

continually transformed, percetibly or imperceptibly

O SL

U

TI

O SL

PE

P

UL

and telecommunications.

IC PL

ADDITION

M

transportation and the development of communications

N OW

itself weakened by the revolution in

ED

“extramural” was

OP SL

for the dissolution. The very opposition “intramural”/

N

IO AT

industrial ruin, convert into recreational grounds. Improve environment, currently contaminated.

The localization and the axiality of the urban layout faded long ago. Suburbia was not single-handedly responsible

U

VERTICAL

itself weakened by the revolution in

N OW

“extramural” was

ED

for the dissolution. The very opposition “intramural”/

PE

TI

OP SL

long ago. Suburbia was not single-handedly responsible

P

UL M

P o o l The localization and the axiality of the urban layout faded

ADDITION

N

IC PL

IO AT


DUALITY / BRIDGE = CRUCIAL I wanted to make a bridge that directed you to the island from inside the city centre and focused your view on the Munkholmen island. The bridge starts at a level that is 8 meters high and ends at a level that is 4 meters high, so this bridge descends 4 meters. The bridge is at the cityside approximately 4 meters wide and has sides 1 meter high, so views and surroundings are still easily perceptible. Meanwhile this bridge changes and at the end the at first normal looking bridge has sides that are 5 m high and are a gate towards the island. This way you immediately get the feeling of coming into another place without even knowing or realizing something has changed because at first, this bridge just seemed normal.

The bridge plays with perspective and while descending, this change of perspective is counteracted by the fanning or widening of the bridge. The bridge is about 20 meters wide at the end, at the islandside. You experience a conic chanelling, a natural guidance but yet there is a strange counteraction that is happening. At the end you experience a cagefeeling, that gives a protective yet scary feeling. This bridge is based on a bridge made by Office Kersten Geers David Van Severen for the Handelsbeurs, situated in Ghent, Belgium. This bridge plays with perspective and perception.

islandside

take away stationary elements and allow changes of the landscape with movements of dockyards

Place for boat owners to meet Activity of the dockyard as an accessible sight

‘THE OBLIQUE FUNCTION’ P. VIRILIO & C. PARENT

Built up on the breakwater to allow people to go across it and reach Ila Pir

The idea was to tilt the ground in order to revolutionize the old paradigm

of the vertical wall. In fact, being inclined, the wall becomes experiencable

and so are the cities imagined by the two French architects. The oblique is fundamentally interested in how a body physically experience a space. The

slope implies an effort to climb up and a speed to climb down; this way the body can’t abstract itself from the space and feel the degrees of inclination.

‘THE OBLIQUE FUNCTION’ P. VIRILIO & C. PARENT

The idea was to tilt the ground in order to revolutionize the old paradigm

of the vertical wall. In fact, being inclined, the wall becomes experiencable

and so are the cities imagined by the two French architects. The oblique is fundamentally interested in how a body physically experience a space. The

slope implies an effort to climb up and a speed to climb down; this way the body can’t abstract itself from the space and feel the degrees of inclination.


Used literature & sources: Used literature & sources: Jan Swiatzcak: Jan Swiatzcak: Yann-Ee Yau: Yann-Ee Yau: Sharon Bauwens: ‘La ville écologique’, book by as.architecture-studio Sharon Bauwens: ‘Du Levande’, movie by Roy Andersson

‘La ville écologique’, book by as.architecture-studio ‘Snohetta & Norwegian architecture’, lecture by Tarald Lundevall, Snohetta ‘Du Levande’, movie by Roy Andersson ‘Bridge & Door’, text by G. Simmel (in: ‘Rethinking Architecture’, by N. Leach) ‘Snohetta & Norwegian architecture’, lecture by Tarald Lundevall, Snohetta ‘Bridge & Door’, text by G. Simmel (in: ‘Rethinking Architecture’, by N. Leach)

Joris Cauwenbergh: Used literature & text sources: ‘The Overexposed City’, by P. Virilio Joris Cauwenbergh:

(in: ‘L’espace critique’, 1984)

‘The Overexposed City’, text by P. Virilio (in: ‘L’espace critique’, 1984)

Used literature & sources: Jan Swiatzcak: Jan Swiatzcak: Yann-Ee Yau: Yann-EeBauwens: Yau: Sharon

‘La ville écologique’, book by as.architecture-studio ‘Du Levande’, movie by Roy Andersson Sharon ‘Snohetta Bauwens: & Norwegian architecture’, lecture by Tarald Lundevall, Snohetta ‘La ville écologique’, book by as.architecture-studio ‘Bridge & Door’, text G.Andersson Simmel (in: ‘Rethinking Architecture’, by N. Leach) ‘Du Levande’, movie byby Roy ‘Snohetta & Norwegian architecture’, lecture by Tarald Lundevall, Snohetta ‘Bridge Door’, text by G. Simmel (in: ‘Rethinking Architecture’, by N. Leach) Joris &Cauwenbergh: ‘The Overexposed City’, text by P. Virilio (in: ‘L’espace critique’, 1984)

Joris Cauwenbergh:

‘The Overexposed City’, text by P. Virilio (in: ‘L’espace critique’, 1984)

2011 Journal: Trondheim  

A compilation of AAD Research on Trondheim by Jan Święty, Joris Cauwenbergh, Sharon Bauwens and Yau Yann Ee. Masters and exchange students o...