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2

MEMORIES twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

Page of Memory

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News Watcher *rfbm&Dae&m tpm;xdk; &ef ukvpDpOfae The Myanmar Times ? &efukef? 'DZifbm 11

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&efukef? 'DZifbm 11

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wm0ef&Sd oltcsdKUvma&muf awmif;yef Weekly Eleven News

'DZifbm 9

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tcGefESpfcgaqmifae& ,leefjynfe,f 'kwdkif;rSL; vdk*lpef;ESifh awGUqkHjcif; 7Day News

The Yangon Times

'DZifbm 10

'DZifbm - 10

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'DZifbm - 2

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'DZifbm 9 &ufaeYxkwf Weekly Eleven rS aumufEIwfcsufjzpfygonf/

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NATIONAL NEWS

3

twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

a&T{nhfonf ,mOfvdkif; vufrSwfpepf zsuf odrf; &efukef? 'DZifbm-7

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c&pörwfudk arQmfvifhae Muaom jynfwGif;c&D; oGm;vkyfief;rsm; &efukef? 'DZifbm 2

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2500 60 2560

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CEO Thaung Htaik CHIEF EDITOR Myo Nyunt Maung DEPUTY CHIEF EDITOR Aung Kyaw Min CHIEF REPORTER Aye Aye Zin

assistant editor Wai Sandar Kyaw, Nyo Mie Thinn, Thu Thu Aung, Le Le Thinn senior reporter Zaw Min Naing, Ko Ko Gyi junior reporter Zaw Lin Oo, Zin Mar Soe Win,

vnf; tqifrajywmawGu rsm;ae awmh'Dbufuvnf;bmrSrvkyaf y; EdkifwmawG jzpfaew,f}} [k taemf &xmvrf ; &S d jynf y tvk y f t ud k i f at*sifpD wpfcku ajymygonf/ 'l b d k i f ; rS trsm;qH k ; ac:,l a om tvkyaf e&mrsm;rSm[dw k ,fvyk if ef;? pm;aomufqdkifvkyfief; ponfwdkYrS trsm;qH k ; ac:,l v suf & S d a Mumif ; ? Thet Hninn Htwe, Khin Hninn Phyu Soe, Kyaw Soe Linn, Chit Min Kyaw, Kyar Nyo GRAPHIC EDITOR Soe Win Nyein EXECUTIVE DESIGNER Swe Swe Oo

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jrwfq&mylaZmfyGJzdwfMum;jcif; t-x-u (1) awmifil awmifilNrdKU t-x-u (1) ausmifom;^ausmifola[mif;rsm; onf touf (60) jynfht Nidrf;pm; q&mBuD;^ q&mrBuD;wkdYtm; ylaZmf uefawmhMurnfh (17) Budrfajrmuf jrwfq&m ylaZmfyGJESihf vpOf aqmif&Gufaeaom q&mBuD;? q&mrBuD;rsm;\ usef;rma&;apmifh a&SmufrIvkyfief; ESpfywfvnf tcrf;tem;udk 'DZifbmv (25) &uf (c&pörwfaeY) eHeuf (9 ; 00) em&DwGif t-x-u (1) ewfoQif aemif cef;rü usif;yrnfjzpfygojzihf uefawmhcH q&mBuD;^q&mrBuD;rsm;ESihf ausmif;om;^ausmif; ola[mif;rsm;onf rysufruGuf wuf a&muf Muyg&ef zdwfMum;tyfygonf/ ESpfpOfusif;yjyKvkyfaom jrwfq&mylaZmfyGJwGif yg0ifjcif;r&Sdao;onhf q&mBuD;^ q&mrBuD; rsm;&SdcJhygu atmufazmfjyyg aumfrwD0ifrsm;xH qufoG,fay;yg&efESihf tvSLaiGrsm; xnfh 0if vSL'gef;vdkaom ausmif;om;^ausmif;ola[mif;rsm;vnf; qufoG,fvSL'gef;Muyg&ef zdwf ac: tyfygonf/ OD;ausmfol& - zkef;- 095-105411? OD;xGef;ol&def- zkef; - 095 -351322? OD;armifjr- zkef; - 095 - 351077? OD;aZm f0if;xGef; - zkef; - 095-351438? OD;at;ausmf - zkef; - 095-352334? OD;wifarmifarmif - zkef;- 095-148311?


NATIONAL NEWS twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

&efukefNrdKU vQyfppfrD; tcsdefydkif;jzihf pwifjzefYjzL; &efukef? 'DZifbm 3

rav;ADZm av,mOf vufrSwfrl&if; jy&efvdktyf &efukef? Edk0ifbm 30

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rif;uGe;f a'oxufawmiforef0ef;usifa'ookYd EdkifiHjcm; c&D; oGm;rsm ; vma&mufrI ydkrdkrsm;jym;

&efukef? 'DZifbm 7

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Edkifaom awmiforeftif;a'oukd yk d í pd w f 0 if p m;Mujcif ; jzpf o nf / awmiforeftif;ukd jzwfí aqmuf vkyfxm;aom OD;ydfefwHwm;ay:rS o bm0½I c if ; tvS Munh f ½ I E k d i f o nf h tjyif ywf0ef;usifa'o&Sd bmom a&; qdkif&m taqmufttkHrsm;? a&S; a[mif ; Ad o k u mvuf & mrsm; yg avhvmEkdifonf/ a'ocHwdkY\ ½dk;&m &ufuef;vkyif ef;ESihf½d;k &ma'oxGuf uk e f vuf a qmif y pö n f ; rsm;uk d y g avhvm0,f,lEdkifonf/ eHeufyikd ;f wGifr[m*E¨m½kHausmif; wkdufrS qGrf;avmif;vSLykHukd Munfh½I MuNy;D naecif;wGifawmiforeftif; rS ae0ifcsdefukd iSufavSpD;NyD; Munhf½I Muonf/ eHeufcif;xuf naecif; wGif ydkí vma&mufrIrsm;jym; NyD; toGm;wGifopfom; wHwm;ay:wGif ajcusifavQmufMuí iSufavSpD;NyD; jyefMuonf/iSuaf vSp;D ceIe;f xm;rSm toGm; oHk;axmifusyf? tjyef okH; axmif u syf jzpf o nf / wH w m;\ ta&Sx U yd &f dS ausmufawmfBuD; bk&m; twGif;rS eH&Haq;a& ;yef;csDrsm;ukd yg pdwfyg0ifpm;pGm avhvmMuonf/ rif;&JnD

7


8

NATIONAL NEWS twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

Brief &Srf;jynfe,f (ta&SUydkif;) usdKif;wkHü ig;Budrf ajrmuf rl;,pfaq;0g;rsm; rD;½IdUzsufqD;onfh tcrf;tem; usif;y aejynfawmf ? 'DZifbm - 8

&Srf;jynfe,f (ta&SUydkif;) usdKif;wkH ü ig;Budrfajrmufzrf;qD;&rdonfh rl;,pfaq;0g;rsm; rD;½IzUd sufq;D onfh tcrf;tem;tm; 'DZifbm 8 &ufaeY u usdKif;wkNH rdK&U dSjynfe,f tm;upm; uGi;f ü usif;ycJah Mumif;? rD;½IzUd sufq;D vdkufaom rl;,pfaq;0g;? pdwf<u aq;jym;? "mwkaq;&nfESifh qufpyf ypön;f rsm;rSm pdw<f uaq;jym; 6998554 jym;? bde;f jzL 819 'or 7536 uDvdk? tkdufpf 10 'or 045 uDvdk? bdef;pdrf; 156 'or 31855 uDvdk? pdw<f uaq;rIeYf 0 'or 030 uDvEkd iS fh bde;f aps; 0 'or 018 uD vdjk zpfNyD;? pkpak ygif;wefz;kd rSm jrefrm aiGusyf 93 bDv, D aH usmf (tar&d uefa':vm 93 oef;ausmf) jzpf aMumif; 'DZifbm 9 &ufaeYxkwf EdkifiHydkif owif; ndKrDoif; pmrsm;\ azmfjycsuf t&od&onf/

t&G,fra&mufao;ol uav;oli,frsm; ppfrI xrf;jcif;rS BudKwifumuG,fa&; todynmay; oifwef;zGifhvSpf aejynfawmf ? 'DZifbm - 7

t&G,fra&mufao;ol uav;ol i,frsm; ppfrIxrf;jcif;rS umuG,f wm;qD;xde;f odr;f a&; vkyif ef;aumf rwDEiS fh ukvor*¾tjynfjynfqikd f &m uav;rsm; &efykHaiGtzGJU (UNICEF) wkdYyl;aygif;í t&G,fra&muf ao;ol uav;oli,frsm; ppfrIxrf;jcif;rS BudKwifumuG,fa&; tod ynmay;oifwef;udk &efukef NrdKU ? r*Fvm'kHNrdKUe,fwGif usif;ycJh aMumif;? ,if;todynmay; oif wef;onf 2009 ckEpS \ f wwd, tBudraf jrmuf oifwef;jzpfaMumif; 'DZifbm 8 &ufaeYxw k f Edik if yH ikd f owif;pmrsm;wGif ndKrDoif; azmfjyyg&Sdonf/

ESpfvtwGif; e,fjcm; apmifhwyfoHk;ckajrmuf zGihfvSpf &efukef? 'DZifbm 4

w&m;Oya'abmiftwGi;f 0ifa&mufvmcJah om wdik ;f &if;om; vlrsKd; vufeufudkif tzGJUtpnf;rsm; tm; e,fjcm;apmifhwyftjzpf toGif ul;ajymif;rI tpDtpOfjyKvkyfcJh&m ESpfvtwGif;e,fjcm;apmifhwyf oHk;ckzGifhvSpfEdkifcJhaMumif; EdkifiHydkif owif;pmrsm;wGif azmfjycsuft& od&onf/ oHk;ckajrmufzGifhvSpfcJhaom e,fjcm;apmifhwyfrSm &Srf;jynfe,f (ajrmufydkif;) txl;a'o (1) udk;uefY tzGjJU zpfí wyfrawmfom; wpfOD; tjzpf opömt"dXmef&Gwf qdkum wyfrawmf\ &mxl;tqifh wHqdyfrsm; wyfqifjcif;rsm;tm; 'DZifbm 4 &ufaeYu &Srf;jynfe,f (ajrmufydkif;) avmufudkifc½dkif pDatma'owGif usif;ycJhonf/ ,ckuJhodkY oHk;ckajrmufe,fjcm; apmifhwyfzGJUzGifhvSpfEdkifcJhaom &Srf;jynfe,f(ajrmufydkif; ) txl; a'o (1) udk;uefYtzGJUrwdkifcifu Edk0ifbm 8 &ufaeYuvnf; wyfzGJU ESpfzGJUtm; e,fjcm;apmifhwyftjzpf aZmfrif;Edkif zGJUpnf;EdkifcJhonf/

*syeftpdk;&rS jyifOD;vGif wGif 'dk;yifrdbrJh y&[dw pmoifausmif; wnf aqmufay;cJh &efukef? 'DZifbm - 7

*syeftpdk;&\ tao;pm;pDrHudef; rsm;axmufyHha&;tpDtpOf wpfck jzpfonfh rEåav;wdik ;f jyifO;D vGiNf rdKU e,fwiG f 'd;k yif rdbrJh y&[dw pmoif ausmif;udk tar&duefa':vm 85108 tukeftuscH wnfaqmuf ay;cJhaMumif; *syefoH½kH;\ owif; xkwfjyefcsuft& od&onf/ tqdkyg 'dk;yifrdbrJh y&[dw ausmif;udk 1978 u pwifwnf axmif cJhNyD;? 2000 ckESpfrS pwifum ynmoifausmif;tjzpf ajymif;vJí rdbrJhuav;rsm;ESihf EGrf;yg;onfh uav;i,frsm;udk pmoifMum;ay;cJh aMumif;? ,cifpmoifausmif;rSm ausmif;om;ESihf taqmufttkHrrQ wonft h wGuf *syeftpd;k &rS ausmif;om;rsm; tqifajypGm tok;H jyKEdik f &eftwGuf pmoifcef;? tdyfcef;? xrif;pm;cef;rsm;yg0ifonfh wpfxyf ausmif;aqmifopfudk wnfaqmufay;cJhjcif;jzpfNyD;vkdtyfonfh y&d abm*ypönf;rsm;udkvnf; xnfh oGif;vSL'gef;cJah Mumif; tqdkyg owif; ndKrDoif; xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyyg &Sdonf/

2009 ckESpf twGif; a': atmifpkMunfESifh quf qHa&;0efBuD; oHk;Budrf ajrmuf awGUqkH &efukef? 'DZifbm- 10

a':atmifqef;pkMunfEiS hfvkyfief; rsm; qufoG,faqmif&Guf&ef t wGuf qufqHa&;0efBuD;tjzpf wm 0ef a y;tyf x m;ol tvk y f o rm; 0efBuD;Xme 0efBuD; OD;atmifMunfwYkd onf ,ckv 'DZifbm 9 &ufaeY wGif &ef u k e f N rd K U & S d pd r f ; vJ h u ef o m {nh f a*[mü 45 rdepfMum awGUqkH aqG; aEG;cJhaMumif; EkdifiHydkifowif; pm\ azmfjycsuft& od&onf/ tqdkygawGUqkHrIonf ,ckESpf t wGif;ü wwd,tBudrfajrmuf aqG; aEG;rI wpf&yfjzpfonf/ xdkY tjyif a': atmifqef;pkMunfonf &efukef NrdK&U Sd tar&duefo½H ;kH ? oH½;kH ,m,D wm0ef cH? NAdwdefEkdifiH oHtrwfBuD; ESifh Mop aMw;vsEdkifiH oH½Hk; ,m,Dwm0ef cH wdkYESifh ,ckESpfatmufwdkbmv t wGif;ü awGUqkHrIrsm; &SdcJhonf/ ,ckESpf pufwifbm 25 &ufaeY &ufpaJG eYpjJG zifha':atmifqef;pkMunf u EdkifiHawmfat;csrf;om,ma&; ESifh zGHUNzdK;a&; aumifpDOuú| AdkvfcsKyf rS L ;BuD ; oef ;a&T xH o k d Y vd yf rl í pm

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qkH;tBudrfa wGUqkHaqG;aEG;cJhonf/ a':atmifqef;pkMunfonf Ekd0if bm 4&ufaeYwGif &efukefNrdKU 'l;qpf tif;vsm;vdw[ f w dk ,fü tar&duef jynfaxmifpk\ EkdifiHjcm;a&; 0efBuD; XmerS vufaxmufEkdifiHjcm; a&; 0efBuD; rpöwm Kurt Michael Campbell OD;aqmifonfh ukd,fpm; vS , f t zG J U 0 if r sm;ES i f h ES p f e m&D M um aqG;aEG;nd§EIdif; ajymqdkrIrsm; jyKvkyf ukdukdBuD; cJhMuonf/

a':atmifqef;pkMunfESifh quf qHa&;0efBuD; OD;atmifMunfwdkY awGUqkHrI rSwfwrf; ckESpf 2007 2007 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009 2009

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NATIONAL NEWS

9

twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

rkefwdkif;'PfcH pmoif ausmif;rsm; aqmufvkyf &ef ,ef; 581 oef;axmuf yHhay;tyf &efukef? 'DZifbm - 8

yvwfpwpfpGefYypf ypönf;rsm;rS pGrf;tif xkwfvkyfEdkif&ef *syef EdkifiHuulnDrnf &efukef? 'DZifbm 2

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vk y f i ef ; &S i f r sm;taejzif h yvwf pwpf xkwfvkyf jcif;udk &yfqdkif;xm; &rnfjzpfaMumif; xkwfjyefrIrsm;&Sd cJhonf/ odaYk omfvkyif ef;&Sirf sm;\awmif; qdkcsuft& yvwfpwpf tdwfrsm; xkwfvkyfjcif; &yfqdkif;onfh ouf wrf;udk av;vaemufqkwf ay;cJh onf/,if;umvtwGi;f vkyif ef;&Sif rsm;taejzifh yvwf pwpfxw k v f yk f &mwGifavQmhcsjcif;?jyefvnftoH;k jyK jcif;? (reuse) ESifh xyfrHtoHk;jyKEdkif atmifjyefvnfoefpY ifjcif;(recycle) wdkYudk aqmif&Guf&rnfjzpfonf/ &efuek Nf rdKüU toH;k jyKNyD;om;yvwf pwpftdwfrsm; vdkufvHpkaqmif; onfh tpDtpOf udkpwifaqmif&Guf cJhNyD; ywf0ef; usifxdef;odrf;a&;ESifh vdu k af vsmnDaxGonfhyvwfpwpf tdwfrsm;ukd xkwfvkyfoGm;rnf jzpf onf/ &efukefNrdKUwGif yvwfpwpftdwf xkwfvkyfonfh vkyfief;aygif; 146 ck &S d N yD ; wpf a eY v sif ok H ; pG J N yD ; yvwf pwpftdwf wefcsdef 200 ukd aeYpOf pGefYypfvsuf&Sdonf/ &efukefNrdKUwGif oHk;pGJNyD;om; yvwfpwpf tdwfwef csdef 31 rDvD,H ESpfpOfpGefYypfrIrsm; &SdcJh onf/ xdkYtjyif jrpfBuD;em;ESifh ppfudkif; wdkif;wdkYwGif yvwfpwpftoHk;jyKrI &yfqdkif;onfh a'otjzpf owfrSwf vkyfaqmifoGm ;&ef &Sdonf/ udkudkBuD; Ref : xinhua

"mwfqDyDyg aps;EIef; 'DZ,faps;atmuf a&mufèd &efukef? 'DZifbm 2

puf o H k ; qD vuf v D v uf u m; a&mif ; 0,f a om aps;uG u f w G i f "mwfqD yDygaps;rSm 'DZ,fyDyg aps; atmuf o d k Y a&muf & S d v maMumif ; bk & if h a emif t ajcpd k u f p uf oH k ; qD a&mif;0,fa&;vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;u True News odkY ajymygonf/ NyD;cJah om wpfywf pufoHk;qD aps; uGufwGif "mwfqDESi'fh DZ,frSm wpfyD yg 150000 usyfjzifh aps;EIef; wlnD ae&mrS ,ck'DZifbm 8 &ufaeYwGif "mwfqDwpfyDyg 145000 usyfodkY wpfyDygvsif usyf 5000 avsmhus oGm;aMumif; ,cifjyifypufoHk;qD aps;uGuüf "mwfqD yDygaps;rSm 'DZ,f aps;xuf jrifhwufvsuf&SdaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/ ]]'D w pf y wf ' D Z ,f a ps;uawmh aps;wef;aew,fvdkYyJajym&rSmyJ? 'D Z ,f u wuf & if u syf ig;axmif

wpf a omif ; wuf a yr,f h us&if awmhwpfaxmif?ESpaf xmifavmuf yJusw,f/ "mwfqDuawmh twuf tusjrefw,f/ "mwfqDyDyg aps;us ayr,fh *gvHaps;uawmhbk&ifah emif xJrSmcs ra&mif;ao;bl; "mwfqDu cef;awmhtjrwfukdrsm;rsm;,lxm;& w,f}} [k pufoHk; qDvufvDvuf um; a&mif;0,fol wpfOD;u aps; twuftus oabmudk&Si;f jy onf/ 'D Z if b m 8 &uf a eY puf o H k ; qD aps;rSm 'DZ,fwpfyDyg 150000 usyf wpf*gvH vQif 3000 usyf aygufaps; jzpfay:vsuf&SdNyD; "mwfqDwpfyDyg 145000 usyf wpf*gvH 3100^ 3200 usyfjzifh a&mif;csvsuf&Sd aMumif; "mwfq*D gvHaps;rSm yDygaps;usonfh twGufwpf*gvHvQif2900usyfaps; jzifha&mif;csyg ua&mif;Edkif aMumif; aps;uGuf twGif;rSod&Sd& onf/ aZmfvif;OD;

em*pfrkefwkdif;oifha'owGifvkd tyfvsuf&Sdaom pmoifausmif; rsm;wnfaqmufEdkif&ef *syeftpdk;& rS ,ef; 581 oef; (tar&duefa': vm 5.6 oef;) udk ulnaD y;tyfonfh oabmwl vufrw S x f ;dk onfh tcrf; tem;udk 'DZifbm 4 &ufaeYu ae jynf a wmf w G i f usif ; ycJ h a Mumif ; *syefoH½kH;\ owif;xkwfjyefcsuf od&onf/ tqdyk gtcrf;tem;wGiftrsKd ;om; pDrHudef;ESihf pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wuf rI0efBuD; OD;pdk;omESifh jynfaxmifpk jrefrmEdkifiHawmfqdkif&m *syefoHt rwfBuD; rpöwm Edk*g0gwkdY oabmwl vufrSwfa&;xdk;cJhaMumif; owif;

xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyyg&Sdonf/ em*pfrkefwdkif;oifh urf;½dk;wef; a'orsm;jzpfonfh vyGwÅmNrdKUe,f? bk d u av;Nrd K U e ,f r sm;ü pmoif ausmif ; rsm;ud k OD ; pm;ay;wnf aqmuf a y;rnf j zpf a Mumif ; ? ausmif ; rsm;wnf a qmuf & mwG i f rk e f w k d i f ; 'Pf u muG , f o nf h t aqmufttkH (Cyclone Shelter) tjzpf tokH;jyKEdkif&ef &nf&G,fNyD;? vSL'gef;aiGrsm;t& pmoifausmif; pkpkaygif; 20 cefu Y dk wnfaqmufay; oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; tqdkyg owif; xkwfjyefcsufwGif xnfhoGif;azmfjy xm;onf/ ndKrDoif;

aMumfjim


10

CRIMINAL twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

Brief odrf;qnf;xm;onhf qDzkd;aiGrsm; aysmufqkH; qkdiftwGif; odrf;qnf;xm;onhf aiGrsm; aysmufqkH;ckd;,lcH&rIwpfck wkdufBuD;NrdKUe,fwGif jzpfyGm;cJh aMumif; od&onf/ Edk0ifbm 17 &ufaeY n 11 em&D cefYwGif wkdufBuD;NrdKU ? OuúHNrdKU t0if *dwf teD;jynfvrf;üaexkid o f nhfpufo;Hk qDta&mif;qkid yf ikd &f iS ftrsK;d orD;onf qDz;dk aiGay;&ef&Sd onhf aiGusyf 95 ode;f udk uRwfuRwf tdwf 2 vk;H jzifh cGu J m tjzLa&mif yDeH tdwftwGif;xnhfí qkdifcef;\ twGif;cef; t0iftxGuf wHcg;ayguf teD; qifhwef;ay:ü odrf;qnf;um qkdifwHcg; csufydwfí om; jzpfolrSm qkdifa&SUcef;wGif tdyfNyD; qkdifydkif&Sif trsKd;orD;u qkdifcef; twGif; ydkif;ü tdyfcJhMuonf[k od& onf/eHeuf 5em&D cefYwGif qkdif&Sif trsKd; orD; tdyf&mrS Ekd;pOf aiG xnhf xm;onhf tdwfrSm aysmufqkH;aeaMumif; awGU& ojzifh ta&;,lay;&ef wkid w f ef;cJ&h m oufqidk &f mu(y)145^09jypfryI 'k rf vif;xuf 380 t& trIziG hf pkpH rf;vsu&f Sd onf/

axmifuvGwfonfhaeY qdkifu,fxyfcdk;vdkY tzrf;cH&ol rdw¬Dvmc½dkif 'kp½dkuf ESdrfeif;a&; tzGo JU nf Edk0ifbmv 11 &uf aeYu e,fajrvkNH cHKa&;twGufNrdKrU av;&yfuu G w f iG fuGi;f qif;aqmif&u G af e pOf obm0 aygufBuD; uGrf;,mqdkifa&Sw U Gif rouFmzG,f vli,fwpfOD; qdkifu,f vdkufa&mif;aeonfudk awGU&ojzifh zr;fqD;ppfaq;cJhonf/ qdik u f ,f vdu k af &mif;aeolrmS rdwv D¬ mNrdKU e,f ql;jzLuGuaf us;&Gmae aevif;atmif(c)uwH;k 20ESpjf zpfNy;D ysO;f rem;odu k af csmif;aps;teD;u ckd;,l vmaom qdkifu,fjzpfaMumif; zGifh [ 0efcHonf/ aevif;atmif (c) uwkHk;onf 2007 ckESpf? a tmufwdk bmvu awmifomNrdKUe,frS qdkif u,f cdk;rIjzifh axmif'PfwpfESpfcGJ uscJhNyD; wyfukef;NrdKUe,f? vif;om ausmufxw k v f yk af &;pce ;f rS Ek0d ifbmv 11 &ufaeYu vGwf vmNyD; qdkif u,fxyfrH cdk;&mrS aeYcsif; zrf;rdcH&jcif; jzpfonf qdk\/ qdkif u,fcdk; ol aevif;atmif (c) uwkH;tm; &JtkyfMunf&Sdefu w&m;vdk jyKvkyfí trSwf (1) &Jpcef; wGif trIzGifhwkdifMum;&m &Jpcef; (y) 385^ OD;wifvdIif 2009 yk'fr 379^ 54 jzifh zrf; qD;ta&;,lxm;onf/

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NATIONAL NEWS

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UPPER MYANMAR NEWS

13

twGJ 2? trSwf 15? 24 Edk0ifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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2010 ckESpf Zefe0g&D wGif zGifhvSpfr,hf jrefrmhabmvHk; tu,f'rD ausmif; rEåav;? 'DZifbm9

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NATIONAL NEWS

14

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3-12-2009 4-12-2009 5-12-2009 6-12-2009 7-12-2009 8-12-2009

622000 620500 609500 609500 616500 610000

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9-12-2009

604000

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2.8

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2.8

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TREND twGJ2? trSwf 15? m 2009?t*F t*FgaeYgaeY 17? 24 8 'DEkZd0ififbbm2009?

rdom;pkq&m0efrsm;ESifh aqG;aEG;ar;jref;ukovsif prf;oyfukocaMu;aiG ydk,lrnf pm - 17

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a[mufjcif;[m usef;rma&;twGuf aumif;[kqdk pm - 17

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YOUR LIFE

16

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o rdkif;xJu &ufpGJrsm;

F qufqHa&; vlESifh pBum0Vm

1925

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Q&A

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wm0efod apmifh a&Smuf rI (Rc logo) ukrÜPD ig;cktm; ay;tyf

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ar;cGef;ay;ydkY&ef - 397674? 708439

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wm0efod apmifha&SmufrI vkyfief; ukd 1992 ckESpfwGif uae'gEdkifiHrS pwifwnfaxmifcJNyD; EdkifiHaygif; 42 EdkifiH txd yg0ifvmNyD; jzpfonf/ wm0efod apmifha&SmufrItm; ,ck tcg pHjyukrÜPDrsm; tjzpf txufyg uk r Ü P D 5 ck r S vk y f u d k i f v suf & S d N yD ; TOYO Battery, Mount Popa, Supreme wdkYrSvnf; yl;aygif; yg0if

vkyfudkif&ef tpDtpOf&SdaMumif; od& onf / 2010 wG i f *syef E k d i f i H r S Chemical Safety Law OYya'ukd jy|mef;rnf jzpfaMumif; od&onf/ ololatmif? cifESif;jzLpdk;


HEALTH

17

twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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CLICK

18

twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

Data Crush

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ynm&Sifrsm;u tod ay;ajymxm; ygw,f/ qdkufbm tMurf;zufMuonfh hacker rsm;ESifhywfoufNyD; enf; ynm uRrf;usifolukdaiGxGef;u ]]'D vdk back vkyfEdkifNyDqdkuwnf; u ol[m olrsm;awGxuf awmfvdkY yg/ 'gayr,hf 'Ddvkdawmfwmukd vlawGtwGuf aumif;zdkYtokH;cs r,fqdk&if olwpfyg;ukd xdcdkuf epfematmif rvkyfbl;qdk&if ydkaumif;ygvdrfhr,f}} vdkY olYtjrifeJY ,SOfí ajymygw,f/ qufvufNyD; ]]tcsKdUEdkifiHawGrSm qdk hacker oifwef;qdkNyD;awmif &Sdaew,f/ aumif;wJhbufrSm jyeftoHk;csedkifzkYdtwGuf oifMum; ay; Muygw,f/ 'g[m wu,f aumif;wJh tpDtpOfygyJ/ 'Dvdk tpDtpOfrsKd; ae&m wdkif;rSm &Sdoifhyg w,f}} vdkY tBuHay; ajymqdkygw,f/ 'Dvdk wpfaeY wpfaeY odod omom BuD;xGm;vmwJh qdkufbm wdufckduf rIawGukd umuG,fEdkifzdkY twGufqdk vlwdkif; vlwdkif;[m tajccH todynm omru twwf ynmyg &SdMu&r,f vdkY tqdkygyk*¾dKvf u xyfrH ajymqdkcJh ygw,f/

aMumfjim


LEARNING

20

twGJ 2? trSwf 15? 24 Edk0ifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

Phrasal Verbs (Bud ,mwGJrsm;) (33) School holidays tckwpfywfrSm awmh ]]ausmif; ydwf&ufawG}}eJYywfouf wJhBud ,mwGJawGudkwifjyrSmjzpfygw,f/ Chris:There's the bell! Roll on a whole month of school holidays! Zul: I'm going to sleep in every day for a week. I'm so sick of getting up early for school. Melanie: Are your families planning on going away during the holidays? Chris: We're probably only going away for about ten days. My mom says she's so snowed under with work, that it's impossible for her to get more leave. Her boss went on leave last week and dumped all his work on her. Zul: We aren't going away at all. I promised to help my dad to paint the house during the holidays. The paintwork is looking a bit shabby,so it's time we spruced it up. Are you going away, Melanie? Melanie: No, but I don't mind staying at home. I have to get down to some serious ballet practice, because my ballet exam is looming ahead. Chris: You've been doing ballet for years, haven't you? Are you going to try out for the school variet show next term? Melanine: I might,as long as both of you promise not to laugh at me. (1)wpfpHkwpfckeJYywfoufNyD; roll on qdkwm wpfpHkwpfckudkrMumcif

aomMumaeYeJYpae we*FaEG&,f a&mufygawmh/ (2)wpfa,mufa,mufu sleep in vkyfw,fqdkwm yHkrSefxufydk NyD;tdyf&m xJrSmaew,fqdkwJh t "dyÜg,f ygyJ/

a&muf apcsif?jzpfapcsifw,fqdkwJh t"dyÜg,fygyJ/

yGJNyD;wmeJYcsufcsif;xGufpm;zkdYig wkdY&nf&G,fcJhw,f/ (5)udk,fvkyfEdkifwmxufydkrsm; wJh t vkyfawG&Sdw,fvkdYajymcsif&if snow under vkdYoHk;ygw,f/

Examples:(1) Roll on New Year!

ESpfopful;&,fa&mufygawmh/ (2)Roll on Friday and the weekend!

Examples:(1) After the party, our parents slept in until noon.

not phoning back earlier, but I have been snowed under with telephone calls.

uRefawmfapmapmuzkef;jyef rquf rdwmudkawmif;yefygw,f? 'gayr,hf uRef awmfw,fvDzkef; awGtrsm; BuD; ajzae&vkdYyg/ (2) The massive response to the volunteers' charity appeal threatened to snow them under.

ygwDyJGNyD;wJhaemuf igwdkY&JUrdb awG [m aejrifhwJhtxdquftdyfMu vSL'gef;MuzdkY apwemh0efxrf; w,f/ awG &JU awmif;yefcsufudk tBuD; (2) Instead of getting up for school, Joe felt like sleeping in. tus,f wkHYjyefcsufu olwkdYudk ausmif;oGm;zdkYtdyf&mu x&r,fh tvkyfawGeJY ydapcJhw,f/ tpm; *sdK;[mqufNyD;tdycf sicf hJ w,f/ (6)wpfpHkwpfa,muf udk ol vufrcH csifwm udktwif; ay;wm (3) Get up vkyfw,fqdkwm tdy&f muxw,fqw kd t hJ "dygÜ ,fygyJ/ udk dump on vkdYoHk;ygw,f/ Examples:(1) Colin is like a bear with a sore head in the morning; he hates getting up.

Examples:(1) Just before my manager went on vacation yesterday, she dumped a pile of urgent work on me.

aumvif;[m reufusawmh ighrefae*sm[mraeYutyef;ajz acgif; rSm'Pf&m&xm;wJh 0uf0H BuD; vkdyJ/tdyf&mux&rSmrkef;w,f/ c&D;roGm;cif igYudkta&;wBuD; (2) Dale got up early as usual tvkyf awGwpfyBkH u;D ay;oGm; w,f/ to let the cats out.

a';vf[maMumifawGudk vTwfzdkY twGufxkH;pHtwdkif;tdyf&mu apmapm xcJhw,f/ (3) wpfckckudk plan on vkyfw,f qdkwm tJ'DudpöudkvkyfzdkY &nf &G,f w,fqdkwJht"dyÜg,fygyJ/ Examples:(1) The young couple are planning on buying their own house as soon as they can afford to do so.

i,f&G,fwJhpHkwGJ[m wwfEkdifwm eJY csufcsif;olwdkYudk,fydkiftdrfudk0,f zdkY&nf&G,fxm;wmyg/ (2) We plan on eating out after the show.

Examples:(1) I apologise for

(2) Ruth has an annoying habit of dumping the baby on her long-suffering neighbouring. ½kof[m uav;udk 'ku©cHae&

wm MumNyDjzpfwJh olr&JUtdrfeD;em; csif;qD twif;xm;wJh tusifhqdk; &Sdw,f/ (7)wpfckckudk spruce up vkyf w,f qdkwm tJ'Dt&m&JUtoGif tjyifydk aumif; atmifvkyfw,f qdkwJh t"dyÜg,fygyJ/

atmifxuf get down to vkdYoHk;ygw,f/ Examples:(1) The most difficult part of studying is getting down to it. oif,ljcif;&JUtcufcJqHk;tydkif;u

pvkyfzdkYygyJ/ (2) After weeks of procrastination, Emily finally got down to writing a letter to her grandmother.

oDwif;ywfawGMumatmifzifhETJ ae NyD;aemuf tefrvD[m aemufqkH; awmholrtzGm;qDudk pmwpf apmif pa&;cJhw,f/ (9)rESpfNrdKUp&mjzpf&yfwpfck[m loom ahead jzpfw,fqdkwm tJ'g jzpf vmawmhrSmjzpfNyD; udk,fhudkpdk; &drfaMumufvefYapwm jzpfw,f/ Examples:(1) The examinations loomed ahead.

armif P / /

Microwave rD;zdk&UJ

tvkyfvkyfykHav; odcsifvdkYq&m/ Microwave rD;zdkeJY[if;csuf&if bmvdkY jrefjrefusufwmvJq&m/ NyD;awmh ½dk;½dk;rD;zdkawGvkd owÅKtdk; awGeJY csufvkdYr&yJ zef (glass) xJ xnfhcsuf&wmvJqdkwmav; &Sif;jy ay;ygq&m/ q&m Q / / Microwave rD;zdk taMumif;rajymcif Microwave taMumif;t&ifajymjyr,f/ Microwave qdkwm vQyfppfoH vdkufvIdif; (Eelectromagnetic wave) awGuG/ olwdkY&JU vdIif;tvsm; (Wave Length) u 1mm (millimeter) uae 1m (meter) Mum;&Sdw,f/ frequency (BudrfEIef;) u 300, 000MHz?

ruf*g[uf(Zf) okH;odef; ywf0ef;usifrSm &Sdw,f/ q&mwdkY jrif&wJh tvif; (visible light) xuf vIdif;tvsm; ykd&Snfw,fuG/ q&m wdkY csufjyKwfxm;wJh aMomf*Jepf tpm armfvDusL;awG [m microwave awGudk wkduf½dkufpkyf,lEdkifw,fuG/ ½dk;½dk;rD;zdkwpfvkH;&JU tvkyfvkyfykHudk q&mt&if&Sif;jyr,f/ q&mwdkY [if; csuf&mrSmokH;wJhqDwdkY? wd&pämeft qDwdkY? tpmawGxJrSm ygwJh a&wdkY[m rD;zdku tyludk pkyf,lay;wJht&mawG aygh/ Microwave rD;zdkrSmusawmh Microwave awG[m q&mwdkY csufr,fh tpmarmfvDusL;awGudk wdkuf ½dkuftyljzpfapw,fuG/ tmjyif;wJh armfvDusL;awG&JU

&efukef? 'DZifbm 8

pifumyltpdk;&u vmrnfh 2010 ckESpfwGif EdkifiHwum ausmif;om; ausmif;olrsm;wuf a&muf oifMum;aeonfh yk*¾vdu ausmif; rsm;tm; (Case Trust) owfrSwfonfh tajctaerS Education Trust odkYajymif;vJ usifhoHk;rnfh taMumif;rsm;ESifh ywfoufNyD; Crown Education ynma&;0ef aqmifrIu&Sif;vif; ajymMum;rnf jzpfonf/ tqdkygynma&;&Sif;vif;yGJudk ,ckv 22 &uf? nae 4 em&DwGif Crown ½Hk;csKyfwnf&Sdonfh Summit Parkview [dkw,fwGif jyKvkyf rnfjzpfonf/ ,if;aqG;aEG; yGJwGif yk*¾vduynm a&;e,fy,f

wGif tpdk; &u tqifhjrifh ynma&; pepfodkY ajymif;vJaqmif&Gufrnfh tajc taersm;? MOM (Minirtry Of Manpower) u S'pass csxm; ay;jcif;ESifh ywfoufonfh rl0g' ydkif;qdkif&m tajymif;tvJrsm; ESifh S'pass avQmuf xm; &mwGif t&nftcsif;jynfhrD? rrSDxnfh oGif;pOf;pm;oifhonfh tcsufrsm; udk vnf;xnfhoGif;aqG; aEG;oGm; rnf jzpfonf/ ,if;tcsuf rsm;ESifh ywfoufNyD; vuf&Sdajymif; vJrI? xyfrHajymif;vJvmrnfh tajctae rsm;? EPEC year stay avQmuf,l &ef vdktyf csufrsm;udk vnf; &Sif;vif; ajymMum;rnfjzpf onf/ udkudkBuD;

pmar;yJGawGu tm½kHudkpdk;rdk;xm; w,f/ (2) With no money in the bank, the problem of paying the bills was looming ahead.

bPfxJrSmydkufqHwpfjym;rSr&Sd awmh abvfawGay;&r,fhjyóem u bGm;bGm;BuD;ay:vmw,f/ (10)toif;wpfckvdk[mrsdK;udk try out for vkyfw,fqdkwm udk,fhvkyfEkdif pGrf;jyNyD; toif;0if jzpf atmifBuKd ; pm; w,fvq Ydk v kd ydk g w,f/ Examples:(1) All the best singers are in the music room, trying out for a role in the school musical.

EdkifiHjcm;ynmoif ausmif;rsm;aMumfjimESifh vufawGUudkufnDrI enf;yg;

ausmif;awGrSm ynmoifNyD; ,ckaemufydkif; jynfyodkY ausmif; ausmif;NyD;wmeJY vkyfief;cGif0ifcsif Examples:(1) The painters &if International todtrSwfjyK 0ifcGifh&&Sdí oifwef;rsm; a&G;cs,f are sprucing up the old hotel. ausmif;uZmwfrSmwpfae&mu wufa&mufNyD;pD;ygu ausmif;rsm; xm;wJh EdkifiHwum tqifhrD aq;okwfolawG[m [kdw,f rS tvkyftwGuf tmrcHay;rI ausmif;awGrSmwufoifhygw,f/ ygcGifh&zkdUtwGuf *Dwcef;xJrSm enf;yg;vmNyD; aMumfjimESifh vuf wu,fvkyfief;cGif0ifwJhtcgrSm a[mif; &JUtoGiftjyifudkydkaumif; taumif; qHk;tqdkawmfawG awGU udkufnDrIrsm;enf;yg;vm tvkyfawGuausmif;rSm&xm;wJh atmifvkyfaeMuw,f/ tm;vHk; a&mufaeMuw,f/ aMumif; ynm a&;0efaqmifrI Result awGudkMunfhNyD; qHk;jzwf (2)She spruced up the hat with (2) Jamie tried out for the vk y f i ef ; rsm;rS pH k p rf ; od & S d & onf / wmyg/ tpfrwdkYausmif;uawmh a strip of velvet and a feather. hockey team, but without ]]ausmif;wufNyD;oGm;&if tvkyf ausmif;NyD;wmeJY tvkyfwef;&r,f olr[m uwÅDygBudK;wpfacsmif;eJY success. vkyf&r,fvdkY tmrcHwm[m 'DEdkifiH vdt Yk mr rcHygb;l }} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/ iSufarG;wpfckeJY OD;xkyfudktvSqifcJh a*s;rD[m a[mfuDtoif;rSm twG u f y J toH k ; 0if w ,f [d k E d k i f i H xdkYjyifjynfyodkY ausmif;0ifcGifh w,f/ yg0if cGifh&zkdYBudK;pm;cJhayrJh a&muf o G m ;&if tJ ' D v d k t vk y f & csif r S avQmuf xm;&mü rdrdavQmufxm; (8)wpfpHkwpfckudk pvkyfw,fqdk&if ratmi fjrifcJhygbl;/ &awmhw,f/ aMumfjimrSmuawmh vdkaom ausmif;rsm;udk aocsm tvkyf&wm awmfawmfenf;yg;wm pHkprf;oifhNyD; rdrdpdwf0ifpm;aom udkawGU&ygw,f}} [k Ruffles bmom&yfudkom trsm;qHk; a&G;cs,favQmufxm;oifhonfh[k ynma&;0efaqmifrIrS rckdifckdif ¤if;uajymygonf/ ausmfu ajymygonf/ a&GUvsm;wGef;wdkuf rI[m oGm;Edkifw,f/ NyD;awmh tJ'Dzef ]]tpfrwdkYqDrSm vmwufwJh ynma&;0efaqmifrI vkyfief; t&rf;wdkawmif;wJh tcsdeft wGif; (glass) wkdY? yvyfp wpfwdkY[m ausmif;om;wpfa,muf olYrdbu rsm;rS j ynf y od k Y ausmif ; 0if c G i f h microwave udk rpkyf,l xm;Edkifbl; tyludk xkwfay;w,fuG/ 'DZdkif;bmom&yfudk a&G;wufcdkif; avQmuf x m;NyD ; pD ; ítvk y f v k y f & uG/ tylpkyftm;aumif; wJh 'gaMumifh ½dk;½dk;rD;zdkxuf w,f/ ausmif;om;u tJ'Dbmom rnfqdkaom aMunmcsufonf Microwave rD;zdkeJYcsuf&if food molecules awG[m zefudk &yfudkvHk;0pdwfr0ifpm;awmh wu,f v h uf a wG a U usmif ; NyD ; aom jrefjrefusufvG,fwm ayghuG/ jzwf½kHjzwfNyD;? microwave awGudk pmurvdkufEdkifbl;/ wjcm;ausmif; tcgrud k u f n D b J Ed k i f i H j cm;od k Y armif P / / Microwave pkyf,lwJhtwGuf [if;tdk;xJu om;awGu pmvkdufEdkifw,f/ olu a&muf & S d y gu tvk y f & &S d r I enf ; yg; rD;zdkrSm okH;&wJh [if;csuftdk;awG tpmawG[m ylaeayr,fh [if;tdk; aMumif;jrefrmausmif;om;trsm;pk pmrvdkufEdkifawmh pmar;yGJ [m owÅK tdk;awG r[kwfbJ? zefwdkY? tjzpftokH;jyKwJh zefom;uawmh cPcP usw,f aemufqHk; tJ'D u ajymygonf/ yvwfp wpfwdkY jzpfae&wJh at;aerSmyJuG/ ]]uRefawmfwdkYu ausmif;NyD;wm ausmif;om; ausmif;xGuf vdkuf& armif P / / tJ'D microwave taMumif;u a&mq&m/ w,f}} [k rcdkifcdkifausmfu ol\ eJY vpmaumif;aumif;eJY tvkyf q&m Q / / Microwave awG awG[m vludkxd&if tEå&m,fjzpf vkyf csifw,faMumfjimrSmusawmh tawGUtBuHK udk&Sif;vif;jyonf/ [m metal (owÅK) awGudk rxdk; apvm;q&m/ xdkYjyifjynfyodkY ausmif;0ifcGifh tvkyf&&Sd&ef aocsmygonfwJh/ q&m Q / / Microwave awG 'gayr,fh ausmif;NyD;oGm;awmh azmufEdkifbl;uG/ microwave qdk avQmufxm;&mü ausmif;rsm;rS wm trSefawmh tvif;vdk vIdif;rsdK; rD;zdku pdrfhrxGufzdkYawmh tvkyfr&yJ jzpfaew,f}} [kjynfy owfrSwfaom t&nftcsif;ppfpm uG/ wave ykHpHqdkwmxuf owdxm;& r,f/ microwave [m odkYausmif;wufítvkyf&&Sd&ef ar;yGJrsm;udk t&ifOD;pGm ajzqdk&NyD; Protons trIefawG&JU a&GUvsm;rI vludk tEå&m,f jzpfapw,fwJhuG/ apmifhqdkif;aeol jrefrmausmif; xdkpmar;yGJus½IH;ygu ausmif;wuf vkdYqkdw,f/ yvwfpwpfwdkY? cGifhqHk;½HI;rnfomjzpfaMumif; od& om;wpfOD;u ajymygonf/ zefwdkYusawmh ol[mazmufxGif; ]]wu,fvdkY EdkifiHwumrSm &SdwJh onf/ Zifrmpdk;0if;? cifESif;jzLpdk;

Microwave rD;zkd&JU tvkyfvkyfykH (Electromagnetic wave) vif;xdkuf(Y.I.T)

2010 ckESpfwGif pifum ylEdkifiHèd yk*¾vdu ausmif;rsm;tm; EduTrust ajymif;vJrnfh taMumif; aqG;aEG;rnf

&efukef? 'DZifbm 7


INTERNATIONAL

21

twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

Interview

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22

ENVIRONMENT twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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STATE OPINION

26

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OZbufupöwefEdkifiH\ vTwfawmfESifh or®wa&G;aumufyGJrsm;udk OZ bufupöwefA[dka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sifu BuD;Muyf usif;yonf/ 2009 ckESpf Edk0ifbm20 &ufaeYwGif a&G;aumufyGJ aumfr&Sif\ xkwfjyefcsuft&? Oya'jyK atmufvTwfawmfa&G; aumufyGJrsm;wGif 0ifa&mufta&G; cs,fcH &ef rSwfyHkwifxm;aom trwfavmif;OD;a&rSm 517 OD;&Sd onf/ vmrnfh Oya'jyKatmufvTwf awmf a&G;aumufyGJudk A[dka&G; aumufyGJ aumfr&Sif? c½kdifa&G;aumufyGJ aumfr&Sifrsm; ESifh e,fajr a&G;aumufyGJ aumfr&Sifrsm;wdkYu BuD;MuyfrnfjzpfNyD;? tqifhwdkif;&Sd a&G;aumufyGJaumf r&Sifemrsm;onf EdkifiHa&;ygwD0ifrsm; rjzpf&ay/ avhvmqef;ppf olrsm;u vnf; a&G;aumufyGJ\vGwfvyfí w&m;rQwrIudk yHkazmfEdkifrnfh enf;vrf; wpfcktjzpf a&G;aumufyGJaumfr &SiftqifhqifhwGif EdkifiHa&;ygwDav;ckrS udk,fpm;vS,frsm;udk tzGJU 0iftjzpf xnfhoGif;&ef tqdkjyKMu onf/ A[dka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif? tNrJ wrf;tzGJU0if 15 OD;udk vTwfawmf u a&G;cs,fonf/ aumfr&SifOuú|udk or®w\ oabmwlnDcsufjzifh tNrJ wrf;tzGJU0ifrsm;xJrS a&G;cs,fonf/ a&G;aumufyGJwGif EdkifiHwum apmifh Munfhavhvmol 270 cefY vm a&muf&ef arQmfvifhxm;onf[k A[dka&G; aumufyGJaumfr&Sifu xkwfjyefcJhonf/ apmifhMunfhavh vmolrsm;onf vGwfvyfaom "eo[m,EdkifiHrsm; tzGJU? &Sef[dkif;yl; aygif;aqmif&Guf a&;tzGJUESifh tjynfjynfqdkif&mtpövmrfrpfuGefz&ifhwdkYudk udk,fpm;jyK rnfjzpfonf/

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OZbufupöwefEdkifiHwGif usif;yrnfh Oya'jyKatmufvTwfawmfa&G; aumufyGJrsm;udk vGwfvyfNyD;w&m;rQwaoma&G;aumufyGJrsm;jzpf&ef tpdk;&bufrSvnf; jyifqifaqmif &Gufvsuf&Sdonf/ EdkifiHwumtzGJU tpnf; rsm;ESifhavhvmolrsm;u vnf; a&G;aumufyGJrJqG,fumv twGif; vGwfvyfrIESifhwef;wlnDrQrIrsm;&&Sda&;udkwdkufwGef;vsuf&Sdonf/xdkYtjyif a&G;aumufyGJ&v'f onf vlxkqE´udk &mcdkifEIef;rsm; rsm; udk,fpm; jyKa&;udk vnf; avh vmolrsm;u vdkvm;Muonf/ wnfNidrfaom? wnfwHhaomEdkifiH a&; jzpfay:wdk;wufrIqDOD;wnfEdkif&efrSm Nidrf;csrf;rI? w&m;rQwrI? vGwf vyfrI? wef;wlnDrQrI? tjyeftvSef em;vnfrI? tjyeftvSeftodtrSwf jyKrI? tjyeftvSefav;pm;rI? vdkufavsmnDaxG&SdrIwdkYonf ta&;ygaom tcif; tusif;rsm;jzpfonf/ tqdkygtcif;tusif;rsm;ESifhtvSrf;a0;aeOD;rnfqdk ygu OZbufupöwefEdkifiHa&;onf rSefuefonfhvrf;aMumif; bufOD; wnfzdkYxuf? ydkaeNrJ usm;aeNrJ taetxm;wGifom qufpD;arsmaeOD;rnf jzpfygonf/

Reference:www.wikipedia.org http://countrystudies.us/uzbekistan


28

NEWS

INTERNATIONAL NEWS twGJ 2? trSwf 15? 24 Edk0ifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

tar&duef umuG,fa&; 0efBuD; *dwfpfu bifvm'if rnfonhf ae&mwGif èdaeaMumif; rod[k 0efcHajymqdk &efukef? Edk0ifbm- 30

tar&d u ef j ynf a xmif p k u t,f v f u k d i f , D ; 'g; acgif ; aqmif tkdprm bifvm'if wpfa,muf vGef cJ h o nh f ES p f r sm; twG i f ; rnf o nf h ae&mwG i f & d S a Mumif ; ck d i f v k H o nh f owif;rsm; r&&daS Mumif; tar&duef umuG,af &; 0efBuD; a&mbwf*w d pf f u 'DZifbm 6 &uf aeYwGif 0efcHajym Mum;vdkufonf/ rpöwm*dwfpfonf atbDpD½kyfjrif oHMum;owif;XmeESifh awGUqkH&m wGif ]][kwfygw,f? tdkprm bifvm 'if b,frSm&dSw,fqkdwm uRefawmf wdkY rodcJhygbl;? tJ'DvdkodrS awmh olY udk uRefawmfwdkY zrf;xm;NyD; jzpfrSm aygh}} [kvnf; ajymcJhonf/ ygupöwefEdkifiHwGif zrf;qD;xdef; odrf;xm;onhf wmvDbefwpfOD;u vGecf o hJ nhfoDwif;ywfutkpd rmbif vm'ifonf tmz*efepöwefEikd if üH &dS aeaMumif; owif;&&dSxm;onf}} [k EkdifiHwum owif;XmewpfckodkY ajymMum;cJhaomfvnf; tar&duef umuG , f a &;0ef B uD ; u tqk d y g owif;udk twnfrjyKEkdifaMumif; ajymqkdcJhonf/ xdjYk yif ]]'gjzif&h if tar&dueftae wpfckudk aemufqkH; b,ftcsdefu *dwfpfu ]]ESpfawGtawmfMumcJhNyD eJ Y tk d p rmbif v m'if b,f r S m &d S &&d S c J h y govJ } } [l a om atbD p D xifyg w,f} [k ajzMum;cJhonf/ aMumif; ckdifckdifvkHvkH owif;aumif; owif; Xme \ ar;cGef;udk a&mbwf tar&duefEkdifiHwGif pufwif bm

11 &uftMurf;zufrIBuD; rjzpfyGm; pOfu tkdprmbifvm'ifESifh Budrfzef rsm;pGm awGUqkHcJholqkdol ygupöwef wGif xde;f odr;f xm; onhf wmvD bef wpfOD;u ¤if;taejzifh tdkprm bif vmtm; tmz*efepöwefwGif udk,f wkdif jrifawGUcJh&onhf olwpfOD;xHrS owif;twd tus&&dcS ahJ Mumif; ajym Mum;cJhonf/ rnfoydkY ifjzpfap ygupöweftcsKyf twGi;f ü&daS eonhfwmvDbefwpfO;D u td k p rmbif v m'if o nf usef ; usef;rmrm &dSaeaMumif;ESifh ppfaoG; <ursm;taejzifhtar&duefarmif;ol rJhav,mOfrsm;\'k;H usnfjzifhypfcwf wdkufcdkufcH&onhf tEå&m,faMumifh ygupöwefEkdifiHydkifeufe,fajrrsm; udk a&Smif&Sm;vsuf&dSaMumif; ajym Mum;cJhonf/ ygupöwef0efBuD;csKyf ,lqGwf*g Zm*D v meD u vnf ; rd r d E k d i f i H o nf tar&duefxHrS ta&;ygtokH;wnhf onhfowif;rsm; vufcH&&dSEdkifonhf Ekid if jH zpfjcif;aMumifhbifvm'iftae jzifh ygupöwefwGif&dSaernf[k rxif aMumif; ajymMum;cJhonf/ wifEkdif[def; Ref: AFP

aMumfjim

ZeD;udk tdyfcsftdkifADGydk; ul;pufapcJhol axmif 'Pf 14 ESpfcsrSwfcH& zG,f&Sdae e,l ; ZD v ef E d k i f i H w G i f rd r d \ ZeD ; onf t m; ck c H t m;usqif ; onf h a&m*gu;l pufap&efwrifjyKrcl hJaom touf 35 ESpf&Sd trsKd;om; wpfOD;\ trIudk Mum;emppfaq;cJh NyD;aemuf ¤if ; tay:atmh u vef N rd K U awmf & S d w&m;½Hk;csKyfu vmrnhfESpftapm ydkif;ü trdefYpD&ifcsufrcsrSwfrD? ,if; w&m;cHtm; qufvuf csKyfaESmif xm;&efw&m;½H;k u'DZifbm6&ufaeY wGif &refay;onf/ w&m;½H k ; wG i f azmf j yxm;aom ouf a ocH t axmuf t xm;rsm; t& tdyfcsftdkifADGydk;ul; pufaeaom xdktrsKd;om;onf tdyfaysmfaeonfh ol\ZeD;onf tm; rdrd\ a&m*gydk; ul;pufaeaom aoG; pGef;ayusHae onfh t0wfcsKyf tyfjzifh ESpfcsufxdk; cJhjcif;jzpfum? w&m;cH udk,fwdkifu vnf;0efcHajzmifch sufay;Ny;D jzpfonf/ odkY&mwGif jypfrIxif&Sm;pD&ifjcif; cH&ygu tjrifhqHk;axmif'Pf 14 ESpf uscH E d k i f o nf h trI E S i f h & if q d k i f a e& aom tqdkyg w&m;cH\ trnfudkrl w&m;½Hk;u xkwfazmfajymqkdjcif; r&dSay/ e,l;ZDvefEdkifiH qef;a';pwm; wdik ;f rfowif;pmwGifazmfjycsuf t& ,ckw&m;cHonf 2004 ckEpS u f e,l; ZDvefEdkifiHodkY ¤if;wdkYrdom;pk a&muf &Sv d mcsdew f iG faq;ppfaq;rIcH,&l mü ¤if;wGif tdyfcsftdkifADGydk; a&m*gydk; ul; pufjzpfyGm;aeaMumif; azmfxkwf

od&Sd&NyD;? ¤if;\ZeD;ESifh uav;rsm; rSmrla&m*gyd;k ul;pufaejcif;r&S[ d q k kd onf/ ppfaq;rIrsm;t& xdkolonf rdrd \ ZeD;onftaejzifh rdrdESifh b0wl a&m*g yd k ; ul ; aeol j zpf r S o m ¤if ; tm;qE´jynfh0ap&ef cGifhjyKvdrfh rnf [k ,lqaomaMumifh xdt k cGihf ta&; udk &&efjypfrIusL;vGefcjJh cif; jzpfonf [k ajymqkdonf/ ZeD;onfu w&m;½Hk;wGifxGufqdk &mü vnf; olrtaejzifh om;orD; rsm;\a&SUa&;udk iJhum cifyGef;onf ES i f h t wl aexd k i f v d k a omf v nf ; ? a&m*gul;pufrnfukd aMumufvefí Y ¤if ; \ qE´ u d k j iif ; y,f c J h a Mumif ; ? od k Y & mwG i f vG e f c J h o nf h ES p f a rv twG i f ; u ol r \aygif ü ql ; pl ; &m uJo h Ykd'Pf&mtcsufESpcf sufudak wG&U aMumif;?rdr\ d cifyeG ;f vufxJüvnf; aoG;tjynfh yg&Sdonfh aq;xdk;>yef wpfck udkawGU &NyD;? aemuf ESpf&uf tMumwG i f 'Pf & mrsm; ae&mrS udkufcJvm aMumif;ESifh aemufv tenf;i,f tMumwGifaq;ppfonfh tcg rd r d ü td y f c sf t d k i f A D G a &m*gyd k ; ul;pufaeNyDudk od&Sd&onf/ xkdoltm; vGefcJhonfh ESpfatmuf wdb k mvwGifoufqikd &f muzrf;qD; w&m;pGJqdkcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ wifEdkif[def; Ref: Reuters (7 Dec, 2009)


INTERNATIONAL NEWS

29

twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

vkyfBuHcH&pOf &&Sdonfh 'Pf&mrsm; tajctae aumif;vmonhf *DeDEdkifiHacgif;aqmif *DeDEdkifiHacgif;aqmiftm;vkyfBuH &efBudK;yrf; pOf&&Scd o hJ nfh 'Pf&mrsm; tm; cGJp dw fuko NyD;aemuf tajc taerSm taumif;bufodkY a&muf&Sd vmNyDjzpf aMumif; armf½dkudk EdkifiHwGif ¤if;tm;aq;ukoay;aeonfq h &m 0efrsm;u 'DZifbm 6 &uf aeYwGif ajymMum;onf/ *DeDor®w armhqm'g'pfpfumrm &monf ol Y O D ; acgif ; wG i f &&S d a om 'Pf&mrsm;tm;cGpJ w d u f o k &efarmf½kd ud k E d k i f i H o d k Y a&muf & S d oG m ;cJ h a omf vnf;? ,if;'Pf&mrsm; rnfrQ jyif; xef rsm;jym;jcif; &Srd &SEd iS hf ywfoufí w&m;0if owif;xkwjf yefcjhJcif;r&Sday/ q&m0efrsm;u*DeaD cgif;aqmif\ tajctaerS m touf t Eå & m,f pdk;&drf&ef r&SdawmhaMumif; ajymMum; cJhonfw h pfcsdew f nf;rSmyiftaemuf tmz&duEdkifiHrsm; pD;yGm;a&;tzGJU Ecowas ac: a'oqdkif&mtzGJU wpf zGJUu *DeDEdkifiHwGif t&yfom;tkyfcsKyf

a&;pepfodkY tvsif tjref jyefvnf ajymif;vJ&ef awmif; qdkcJhonf [k vnf;od&onf/ *DeDor®wESifh ppfwyftBuD;tuJ jzpfol AdkvfBuD;armhqm'g'pfpfum rm&monf *DeDppfwyftwGif;rS NydKif buf*dkPf;uGJtkyfpk0ifrsm;ESifh tjyef tvSefypfcwfwdkufcdkufaepOf vuf axmufwpfOD;\ ypfcwfrIaMumifh ,ckuJhodkY 'Pf&mrsm;&&SdoGm;jcif; jzpfum? ,if;jzpfpOfwGif tjcm;vl ESpfOD;aoqHk;cJhonf/ *DeDacgif;aqmif AdkvfBuD;umrm &mtm;ypfcwfcahJ om 'kw, d ppfAv kd f tblabum'dkif,mudkufrSm xGuf ajy;vGwfajrmufaeqJ jzpfí avm avmq,f'kw, d or®waqulbm udkedwfu EdkifiH\ wm0ef udkacwÅ,l wifaZmfEdkif xm;onf/ Ref: Reuters (7 Dec, 2009)

zdvpfydkifawmifydkif;wGif &Juvl60ausmfudk zrf;qD;? vufeufESifhcJ,rf;rsm; &SmazGazmfxkwfawGU&Sd zdvpfydkifEkdifiHawmifydkif;wGif a&G; aumufyEJG iS q hf ufpyfonfv h t l pkt jyHKvdu k o f wfjzwfrBI uD;wpfcjk zpfymG ; oG m ;cJ h N yD ; aemuf &J w yf z G J U u ,if ; a'o udkpD;eif;umvl60udkzrf;qD; vdkufonfhtjyif odk0Sufxm;aom vufeufEiS chf , J rf;tajrmuftjrm; udk&SmazGazmfxkwfawG&U Sdodrf;qnf; &rdvdkufaMumif;od&onf/ ,if ; rS m zd v pf y d k i f o r® w *vd k &D,mtm&kd,dkuEkdifiH awmifydkif;rm *Gif 'gemtdkjynfe,fwGifppftkyfcsKyf a&; trdefYjy|mef;vdkufNyD;aemuf vltpk tNyHKvdkufowfjzwfrIwGif yg0if y wf o uf a eaom vl r sKd ; pk wpfcktm;NzdKcGif; zrf;rdcJhjcif;vnf; jzpfonf/ zd v pf y d k i f E k d i f i H w G i f 1 986ck E S p f tmPm&Sifor®wzg'Deefrm;udkpfY t pdk;&jyKwfusoGm;cJhNyD;csdefrSpí, cktBudrfonf yxrqHk;ppftkyfcsKyf a&;trdejYf y|mef;jcif;vnf;jzpfonf/ vltpktNyHKvdkuftowfcH&rIwGif owif;axmuf30tygt0if57OD; aoqHk;cJhonf/ t&m&S d r sm;\ajymMum;csuf t&trfygql,efvrl sKd;pktay: opöm apmif h o d o nf h v uf e uf u d k i f t k y f pkrsm;u ykefuefx<uvdrfhrnf[l aom owif;&&SdrIaMumifh&Ju ,ck uJhodkY&SmazGESdrfeif;zrf;qD;jcif;jzpf aomfvnf;? rm*Gif'gemtdkjynfe,f tm;umvMumjrifph mG xde;f csKyfxm; cJah om,if;trfygql,efvrl sKd;pktzGUJ 0ifrsm;onfor®wtm&kd,dk tay: opömapmifhodcJhonf? axmufcH tm;ay;olrsm; jzpfonf [kqo kd nf/ ppf t k y f c sKyf a &;trd e f Y x k w f j yef xm;ojzifh,if;jynfe,fwGifpD;yGm;

a&; vkyfief;rsm;tm;vHk;udkydwfxm; NyD;vrf;rsm;tm;vHk; vloluif;rJhae umwifhum;ESifhav,mOfrsm;jzifh ausmaxmufaemufcH jyKay;xm; onfhppfom;rsm;ut"duusaom rG w f p vif j ynf e ,f t m;xd e f ; csKyf xm;aMumif;owif;axmufrsm;u ajymMum;onf/ zdvpfydkif&JwyfzGJU urdom;pk wpfck ydkifNcHBuD;wpfNcHtwGif;rSvl15 OD;udk zrf;qD;vdkufojzifh tzrf;cH&ol pkpk aygif;62OD;&SdaMumif;od& onf/ rm*Gif'gemtdkjynfe,f tkyfcsKyf a&;rSL;a[mif;tefa':vftrfyg ql ,efpeD , D mESi¤hf if;\om;4OD;udk'DZif bmyxr oDwif;ywfapmapmydkif; wGifzrf;qD;cJhaomfvnf;¤if;wdkY u Ed k 0 if b m23&uf a eY w G i f j zpf y G m ;cJ h onfh vltpktNyHKvdkufowfjzwfrI wGifyg 0ifywfoufjcif;r&SdaMumif; jiif;qdkxm;onf/ rnfodkYyifjzpfap tifygqlwef\ om;wpfOD; jzpfol trfygql,ef*sLeD ,mudk vltpktNyHK vdkufowfjzwfrI wGif BudK;udkif pDpOfcJh oltjzpfoHo, &S d a omaMumif h ¤if ; tm; vl o wf rI25rI jzifhpGJ csufwif xm;aMumif; od& onf/ trfygqlwefro d m;pkyikd f v,f,m ajr wpfckwGif &SmazG odrf;qnf;&rd onfhvufeufrsm; ü aoewfrsKd;pHk tvuf40ESifhwGif;&m aygif;rsm;pGm wGifxnfhí0Sufxm; aomcJ,rf;rD; ausmuf t ajrmuf t jrm; yg0if aMumif; zdvpfydkifppfwyf t&m&Sdrsm; uajymMum;onf/ wifOD;opf Ref:AFP(6Dec,2009)

xdkif;bk&ifblrdabm t'l,m'uf touf 82 ESpfajrmuf arG;aeY usif;y urÇmay:wGif eef;ouft&Snf qkH; bk&ifjzpfaom xkdif;EdkifiH bk&ifrif; jrwf bl r d a bm t'l , m'uf o nf ol\ oufawmf (82) ESpaf jrmuf arG; aeY t crf ; tem;uk d Nrd K U a wmf bef aumuf&Sd xdkif;bk&if heef;awmfwGif 'DZifbm 8 &ufaeYu usif;yjyK vkyfcJh &m bk&ifBuD;\ rdom;pk0ifrsm; ESifh txufwef;EdkifiHa&; acgif; aqmif rsm; wufa&mufcJhaMumif; od&Sd& onf/ bk&ifBuD;\ om;awmf rif;om; r[mAm*sD&mavmifueG ?f 0efBuD; csKyf tbD q pf E S i f h ygvD r ef Ouú | wd k Y u tcrf;tem;wGif rdefYcGef; rsm; toD; oD;ajymMum;NyD; bk&if BuD; twGuf qkawmif;arwåmrsm; ykdYo ay;cJhMu onf/ xdaYk emuf bk&ifBuD; u rdecYf eG ;f wdkwpfck ajymMum;cJh&m ,if;rSm ¤if; rusef;rrmjzpfcJhcsdef rSpí jynfolwkdY yxrqH;k tBudrf jyefvnf Mum;cJjh cif; jzpfonf/ wpfEdkifiHvHk;okdY ½kyfoHrSwpfqifh wdkuf½dkuf½dkuful; xkwfvTifhay;cJh aom arG ; aeY t crf ; tem;ü ajym Mum;cJah om tqkyd grdecYf eG ;f wGifbk&if BuD;u xdkif;EdkifiH pnfyifom,m0 ajymNyD; vkHNcHKwnfNidraf t;csrf; rSom rdrdtaejzifhvnf; 0rf;ajrmuf aysmf &TiEf ikd rf nfjzpfaMumif;Ekid if Hom;wdik ;f taejzifh EdkifiHhta&;ukd tjcm;ta&; udpö tm;vHk;\ta&SU wGifxm;NyD; rjywfaomowd? ajzmifhrwfwnf Munf½dk;om;rIwdkY jzifh rdrd\wm0ef toD;oD;ukd aus yGefatmif xrf;

aqmifMurSomvsif xdkif;EdkifiHonf wnfNidrf wdk;wufaom tajctae okdY a&muf&Sdrnf jzpfaMumif; xnfh oGif; ajymMum; cJh onf/ bk&ifBuD; blrdabm t'l,m'uf onf pnf;rsOf;cH bk&ifwpfyg; jzpf aomfvnf;xdik ;f Edik if w H iG ftxl;av; jrwf Munf n d K cH & aom bk & if j zpf onf/ xdkif;EdkifiHwGif rnfonhfae&m oGm;oGm; xdkif;bk&ifrif;jrwf\ ½kyf ykHrsm;udk awG&U Sd&rnfjzpfNyD; xdkif;EdkifiH a&;orm;rsm;uvnf;rdrw d YktMum; d tjrifrwlaom udpörsm;wGif xdkif; bk & if B uD ; \ tqk H ; tjzwf u k d emcH

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avh&SdMuonf/ vG e f c J h a omES p f E S p f u awmf 0 if eu©wf ynm&Sifrsm;u yef;a&mif onf bk & if B uD ; \ usef ; rma&; twGuf aysmf&TifzdkY taxmuftul jyKaom ta&mifjzpfonf[k a[m cJh aom aMumifh rMumao;rDu bk&if BuD;\ arG;aeY teD;uyfvmcsdefwGif yef;a&mifpyd&Yk yS ftusF 0D wfqifaom xdkif;EdkifiHom;rsm; wpfaeY wjcm; wdk;yGm;vmonfukd jrifawGUcJY& wdk;jrifh onf/ Ref: BBC

vl 3 OD;ukd owfcJh onf[k emZDtufpf tufpfwyfom;a[mif; u w&m;½kH;wGif 0efcH xGufqdk *smreDEdkifiH tmcsifNrdKUrS w&m;½kH; wGif vlowfrI pGJcsufrsm;jzifh ½kH;wif ppfaq;jcif; cHae&aom emZDtufpf tufpf wyfzGJU0if a[mif;wpfOD;tm; olonf 1944 ckESpfwGif 'wfcsf EdkifiH om; 3 OD;ukd owfjzwfcahJ Mumif; 0efcH cJhaomfvnf; olxdkokdY jyKvkyfcJh jcif; rSm txuftrdefY t& jzpfonf[k ajymMum;cJhaMumif; od&Sd&onf/ touf 88 ESpf &SdaeNyDjzpfNyD; bD; wyfuv k m;xdik jf zifh oGm;vmae& ol [de;f e&pf cfsbk;d u olonf emZDw\ Ykd tuf p f t uf p f r &Pwyf z G J U 0 if wpf a,muftjzpf pufbD;ta&mif; qdkif ydkif&Sif wpfOD;? b,aq;qdkif ydkif&Sif wpfOD;ESifh emZDqefYusifa&; ajymuf usm;wyfzUJG 0ifwpfO;D wdu Yk dk owfjzwf cJah Mumif; w&m;½kH;wGif0efcHxGuf qdk cJhjcif; jzpfonf/ vlowfrI pGJcsuf 3 ck twGuf tjypf&SdaMumif; awG&U Sd& vsif axmif'PfwpfoufuscH&zG,f &Sd aeol [def;e&pfcsfu ]]txuftrdefY twdkif; rvdkufem&if wyfxJ0ifcsdef rSm qdkxm;wJhopömukd azmufzsuf &musvdrfhr,f/ tJ'g&JU jypf'Pftjzpf

ao'PfuscH&r,fqdkwmukd usKyf od w ,f / 'gaMumif h usKyf o l w k d Y u k d owfcJh&wmyg}} [k ajymqkdcJhonf/ olonf xdo k Ykd owfjzwfcahJ Mumif; ukd 'kwd,urÇmppf tNyD ;r[mrdwf rsm;\ zrf;qD;xm;jcif;ukd cHae&pOf 'wfcsf tmPmydkifrsm;tm; 0efcHcsuf ay;cJhonf/ okdYaomf olonf okHYyef; pcef;rS xGufajy;vGwfajrmufEdkifcJh NyD; *smreDodkY jyefvmum ,ck w&m; pG J q d k c H & csd e f t xd aexk d i f c J h o nf / 1949 ckESpfwGif e,fomvef EdkifiH trfpwm'rfNrdK&U dS ck½H ;kH wpfcu k olt Y m;

rsufu G,fwGif ao'Pf cs rSwfcJhNyD; aemuf y d k i f ; wG i f ¤if ; jypf ' Pf u k d axmif wpfouf jypf'PfodkY avQmh ayghay; cJhonf/ 1980 tapm ydkif;ESpf rsm; twG i f ; ol Y t m jyef y d k Y a y;&ef e,fomveftpd;k &\awmif;qdkcsuf ukd xdk pOfu taemuf *smreDtpdk;& u y,f cscJhonf/ NyD;cJo h nfhMo*kwv f u touf 90 &SdaeNyDjzpfol *smrefajcvsif wyfrSL; a[mif; wpfOD;jzpfol *sKd; quf a&Smif *&ufbmtm; *smrefw&m;½kH; wpf ½kH;u axmif'Pfwpfouf csrSwfcJh aomfvnf; ol\ t,lcHukd Mum;em aepOf *sKd;qufonf tjyifü vGwf vG w f v yf v yf aecG i f h & aeaom aMumifh ,ck[def;e&pfcsf\ trIwGif vnf ; axmif ' Pf c srS w f j cif ; cH c J h &vsifaomfrS vufawGUwGif axmif xJ odYk ydrYk ydYk udpt ö ay: vlrsm; u oHo , &Sd aeMuaMumif; od&Sd& onf/ wdk;jrifh Ref: BBC

NyD;cJhonfhtywfu ay:aygufcJh aom vltaotaysmufrsm;jym; onfh taocHAkH;cGJwdkufcdkufrI wpfck ukd aemufuG,frS pDpOfaqmif&GufcJh aom tpövmrfrpf ppfaoG;<u tzGJU t,fvf&Smbuftm; qefYusifueYf uGufqE´jy&ef qdkrmvDEdkifiH\ NrdKU awmf rdk*g'pf½SL;ü vl&m aygif; rsm;pGm wdkY ,ckv 8 &ufaeYu pka0; cJhMu aMumif; od&Sd&onf/ qE´jyyGJwGif yg0ifolrsm;u ,if; tzGJU\ tvHukd rD;½dIcJhMu&m ,if; vkyf &yfrSm qdkrmvDEdkifiH\ a'otrsm;pk ukd xdef;csKyfxm;aom t,fvf&Sm buf t zG J U t ay: qd k r mvD vl x k u rnfrQ rausreyf jzpfaeonfqdk aom tcsufukd xif[yfonfh ,cif urawGb U ;l rjrifb;l aomvky&f yfjzpf onf[k EkdifiHa&; tuJcwfrsm;u ajymqdkcJhMuonf/ tqdkyg taocHAkH;cGJwdkufcdkufrIrS 'DZifbm 3 &ufaeYu NrdKUawmfrkd*g 'pf½SL;wGif jyKvkyfonfh bGJU,l tcrf; tem; wpfcw k iG f jzpfysufcjhJ cif; jzpfNyD; rGwpf viftrsKd;orD;ykpH Hwpfu, kd v f ;kH ukd 0wf½kHteufBuD;jzifh NcHvTrf;xm; onfhtaocHwpfO;D uvltyk t f wGi;f AkH;cGJwdkufcdkufcJhjcif; jzpfnf/ xdkwdkuf cdkufrIwGif tpdk;&tzGJU0if 0efBuD; 3 OD; tygt0if vl22 OD; aoqkH;NyD; 'gZif aygif;rsm;pGm 'Pf&m&&So d mG ;cJh onf/ aoqkH;ol t rsm;pkrSm bGJUESif; obif wufa&mufvmMuaom ausmif; om;rsm;jzpfonf/ qE´jyolrsm;onfNrdKaU wmf\vrf; rsm;wpfavQmuf csDwufMuNyD; ]]t,fvf &SmbufusqHk;ygap}} ESifh ]]tMurf;zufrI tvdkr&Sd}} wdkY tyg t0if a<u;aMumforH sm; atmf[pfchJ Muonf/aoqk;H olausmif;om;rsm; wuf a&mufcJMh u&m ]bifem'kdif,m wuúokdvf} a&SUa&mufaomtcg acwå&yfNyD; aoqkH;olrsm;twGuf wdwfqdwfpGm *g&0jyKcJhMuonf/ t,fv&f mS buftzGu UJ rl,if;vkyf &yfrSm ¤if;wdkY\ vufcsufr[kwf aMumif; aMunmcsufxkwfjyef jiif; qdkcJhaMumif; od&Sd&onf/ wdk;jrifh Ref: BBC


INTERNATIONAL NEWS

30

twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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b*¾'ufNrdKU pmoif ausmif; AHk;ayguf uGJrI jzpfyGm; uav;rsm; tygt 0if vl 8 OD;aoqkH; rGrfbdkif;NrdKU wdkufcdkufrI wGif yg0ifcJhonfh tar&duefEikd if Hom; pGJcsufwifcH& vGefcJah om wpfESpfu tdE´d,EdkifiH rGrfbkdif; (bkHab) NrdKUtm;wdkufcdkuf cJrh w I iG f yg0ifywfoufcahJ om tar&d uefEdkifiHom; wpf OD;ukd tpdk;& a&SaU e rsm;u 'DZifbm 7 &ufaeYwiG f tqdyk g trIjzifh pGJcsif wifvdkufaMumif; od& onf/ a';Apf[uf'av trnf&Sd ,if; w&m;cHonf aoewform; 9 OD; tygt0if vl 174 OD;aoqk;H cJ&h aom rGrf b kdif;NrdKUtm; pD;eif;wdkufcdkufrI usL;vGefcJhonf[k qdk onf/ 'gtGwf*sDvmeD[laom trnfrS emrnf ajymif ; xm;ch J o l a';Apf [uf'avESifhwma[m 0g[lpdef&m emwdkYonf 2005 ckESpfwGif wref awmf rdk[mruftm; ajymifavSmif oa&mf o½kyfazmfxm;onfh tjiif; yGm;zG,f&mumwGef;½kyfykHrsm; xnhf oGi;f azmfjy cJah om 'de;f rwf*sD;vef;pf ydkYpfwif owif;pmwdkuf ½kH;cef;rsm; tm; wdkufcdkuf&ef pDpOfcJhrIjzifh ouf qdkif&mu ta&;,lpGJcsufwifcJhNyD; jzpf onf/ tar&duef tpdk;& a&SUaersm;u ¤if;wdkYtaejzifh 'def;rwfowif;pm ESihfowif;pm wdu k f 0efxrf;rsm; tm; wdu k cf u kd &f ef vQKd0U u S yf ;l aygif; BuH pnf rIwiG f yg0ifcahJ om MuH&myg wpfO;D jzpf ol ygupöwef ppfwyfrS tNidrf;pm; AdkvfrSL; tAÁ'g&ufref[m &Sifaq ,uftm;vnf; trIzGifhvSpfw&m;pGJ qdkxm;aMumif; ajymMum;onf/ wifOD;opf Ref: AFP (7 Dec,2009)

tD&wfEdkifiH b*¾'ufNrdKUawmf&dS pm oifausmif;wpfausmif;wGif 'DZif bm 7 7ufaeYu Ak;H aygufuJG rI jzpfymG ; cJh&m uav;i,f trsm;pk tygt0if vl 8 OD;xufrenf; aoqkH;oGm;cJh aMumif; od&onf/ b*¾'ufNrdKUta&SaU jrmufbuf qm 'gpD;wD;ESifh uyfvsuf&Sdaom &Sd,m NrdKUrS a,musfm;uav;rsm; twGuf zG i f h v S p f x m;aom bm'g tv,f wef ; ausmif ; wG i f ,if ; aeY a'o pHawmfcsdef rGef;vJG 1 em&D 10 rdepf tcsdeu f jzpfymG ;cJah om tqkyd g ayguf uGrJ aI Mumifh 'Pf&m&&do S l 40 cef&Y dS NyD; aoqk H ; ol ta&twG u f r S m vnf ; xyfrHjrifw h ufvmrnf[karQmv f if&h onf/ ,if;aygufyrJG o I nfrGwpf viftpf bmoma&; Oyk o f u mvtwG u f ausmif;ydwfxm;&mrS ausmif;jyef zGifhvSpfí jyefvnfwufa&mufvm csdefwGif aygufuGJcJhjcif; jzpfaMumif; od&onf/ aygufuGJrIwGif udk,fwdkif'Pf&m &&SdcJhaom tlreftvDqdkol rsufjrif oufaowpfOD;u rdrd\ jrifuGif;xJ t&mtm;vH k ; avxJ o k d Y vG i f h p if ajrmufwufoGm;NyD; uav;rsm; OD; wnf&mrJh ajy;vTm;aeonfukd awGU &Sd&onf[k qdkonf/ tD&wf&JwyfzGJU\ ajymMum;csuf t& pmoifcef;eH&rH sm; [ufwuf uGJ ukefum pmoifcef;twGif;&Sd ypönf; rsm; tm;vkH; vGifhpifysHUusJ oGm;apcJh aom ,if;ae&m ppfaoG;<ursm;u

azmufcGJa&; ypönf;rsm;udk trdIufykH atmufwGif vma&muf 0Sufxm; jcif ; jzpf o nf [ k ok H ; oyf a jymqk d onf/ qm'g;pD;wDNrdKo U nf qlyw l u dk f cdu k f rIrsm; tjzpfyGm;qHk;aom b*¾ 'ufNrdKU \ tdrfeD;csif; qifajczHk;NrdKU wpfNrdKUjzpf um 2006-2007 ckESpf tD &wfwGif wdkufcdkufrIrsm; xdyfqkH; txd t&Sdef jrihfwufaecsdef ü qm'g; pD;wD;wGif tjyif;xeft&ufpufq;kH wku d yf rJG sm;

jzpfyGm;cJh onf/ xd k Y j yif ,ck p moif a usmif ; Ak H ; aygufuGJrIonf tD&wfygvDrefu vmrnh f E S p f tapmyd k i f ; wG i f a&G ; aumufyJGusif;yEkid &f efa&G;aumufyJG qdkif&m Oya'wpf&yfukd wpfcJeuf twnf jyKcJhNyD; aemufwpf&ufwGif jzpfyGm;cJh jcif; jzpfaMumif;od&on f/ wifOD;opf Ref: AFP (7 Dec,2009)

Oa&my or*¾ (tD;,l) taejzifh qmbD;,m;EkdfifiHESifh ukefoG,fa&; oabmwlncD sufudkqufvufydwf qdkYjcif; rjyKonfhtjyif qmbD;,m; ESif heD;eD;uyfuyf qufqHoGm;rnf jzpf a Mumif ; tD ; ,l Ed k i f i H j cm;a&; 0efBuD;rsm;u 'DZifbm 7 &uf aeYwiG f ajymMum;onf/ qmbD;,m;udk qefYusif ydwfqdkY xm;jcif;tm; jyefvnf ½kyf odr;f vdu k f NyD;aemuf ay: xGufvm aom ,if; qHk;jzwfcsuf u 18 vMum a&SUrwdk; aemuf r qk w f o m jzpf a eaom tusyftwnf; wpfckukd tqkH; owf oGm;apcJh onf[k e,fomvefEkdifiH u qdkonf/ 'wfcsftpd;k &onf,cifuqmbD; ,m;tae jzifh vGwfajrmufaeaom abmf v f u ef ppf y G J r S ppf & mZ0wf aumif 0&rf;ajy;rsm;tm; zrf;rda&; twGuf ydkrdk BudK;yrf; &SmazG axmuf vSrf;&ef awmif;qdkNyD; Mum;jzwfukef oG,fa&; oabmwlncD suf wpfcu k dk taumiftxnf razmfEdkif&ef ydwf qdkYxm;cJhjcif; jzpfonf/ rnfokdYyif jzpfap ,cktcuftcJ ukd ausmfvTm;vdkufekdifjcif;u qm bD;,m;\ tD;,l wif;jynfhtzGJU0if tjzpfyg0ifciG hfjyKa&;twGufavQmuf xm;&mwGif ay:aygufaeaom t"d u twm;tqD;wpfckukd z,f&Sm; vdu k Ef ikd jf cif; yif jzpfaMumif;ekifd if H a&; avhvmoHk;oyfolwdkYu ajymMum; onf/ qmbD;,m; EdkifiH\ tD;,l tzGJU 0if jzpf a &; arQmf v if h c suf r sm;rS m abmhpeD;,m; qmhbfacgif;aqmif ppf & mZ0wf w &m;cH Ad k v f c sKyf B uD ;

&ufukdrvm'pftm; zrf;rd&ef BudK; yrf;rIrsm; ratmifrjrif jzpfjcif;ESifh twl arS;rSdefaecJhjcif; jzpfonf/ e,fomvefEkdifiHu AkdvfcsKyf BuD; rvm'pftm; zrf;qD;í onf[w d f NrdKU ,l * k d q vm;AD ; ,m;qd k i f & m Ed k i f i H wum &mZ0wfckH½kH;odkY vTJajymif; ay;tyf v d k r I j zif h qmbD ; ,m;ES i f h Mum;jzwfukefoG,fa&; oabmwl nDcsufukd ydwfqdYkxm;cJhaomf vnf; ,ckvapmapmydkif;wGif ukvor*¾ ppf&mZ0wfrI rsm;t a&;,l w&m;pGJ qdka&; tBuD;tuJu qmbD;,m; tae jzihf EkdifiHwum &mZ0wfckH½Hk; (ICTY) ESihf yl;aygif;aqmif&u G rf w I iG f wdk;wufrIrsm; &&SdaeaMumif; xkwf azmfajymMum;cJhonf/ rnfokdYyifjzpfap qwfb&rfrm buf Z f u uk v or*¾ o k d Y wif j ycJ h aom ¤if;\ tpD&ifcHpmwGif qmbD; ,m; taejzifhc ½dkat;&Sm;rSppf&mZ 0wfrIrsm;twGuf tvkd&Sdaeaom abmh p eD ; ,m; qmh b f p pf a cgif ; aqmif Ad k v f c sKyf B uD ; rvm'pf E S i f h ukd&ef[ufZpfwdkY ESpfOD;vkH;tm; zrf; qD ; rd a &;twG u f quf v uf B ud K ; yrf;oGm;&vdrfhrnfjzpfaMumif; azmf jyxm;onf/ wifOD;opf Ref: AFP (7 Dec,2009)

t&yf 2 ayausmf&Sd urÇmh tao;qHk;rdcifu wwd, ajrmuf &ifaoG;arG;zGm; t&yftjrifh2 ay 4 vufrom&Sd aom urÇmt h ao;qH;k rdcif pawpD [m&Jvf [m olY&JUwwd,ajrmuf &ifaoG;udk tar&duefjynfaxmif pkrSm atmifjrifpGmarG;zGm;cJhw,f vkdY od& ygw,f/ pawpD [ m t&yf y k v G e f ; wm aMumifU udk,f0efaqmifzdkYtwGuf tEÅ & m,f rsm;vG e f ; w,f q d k N yD ; q&m 0efawGu owday;cJaU yr,fU 35 ES pf &S d pawpD uawmU oHk;ESpf twGif; &ifaoG; 3 a,mufudk arG; zGm;EdkifcJU ygw,f/

ol Y & J U wwd , ajrmuf & if a oG ; om;av;rmvmcsDu tav;csdef 2 aygif 10 atmifpeJY t&yf 5 vufr yJ&SdNyD; vrapUbJ arG;zGm;cJUygw,f/ tar&duefjynfaxmifpk? uefwm uD rS m aexd k i f w J U &if a oG ; oH k ; a,mufrdcif pawpD[m rsdK;½dk; ADZ qdkif&myHkrrSefwJh twGuf t½dk;rsm; usdK;vG,fjcif;? tqkwfaumif;pGm tvkyfrvkyfjcif; pwmawGaMumifU q&m0efawGuud, k 0ef f aqmifwm [m tEÅ&m,f&SdEdkif vdko Y wday;Mu wmjzpfygw,f/

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bD;wyfukvm;xdkifeJY oGm;vm vIyf&Sm;wJUpawpD[m orD;awG jzpfwJU 3 ESpft&G,fuufwm&D? 18 v t &G,frmusmwdkYudk cifyGef;jzpf ol0Dvf 27 ESpf&JUtultnDeJY xdef; odrf;apmifU a&Smufvsuf&Sdygw,f/ pawpDeYJt&yf5ay9vufr&Sw d YJ 0DvfwdkY[m 2005 ckESpf uvuf xyfcJYMuwmjzpfw,fvdkY od&yg &Sif;&Sif;oefY w,f/ Source: Daily Mail


INTERNATIONAL NEWS

31

twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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*k w f v wG i f wd k i f z G e f ; rk e f w d k i f ; us a&mufpOf vlxktm;tultnD ay; &efrm,ifausmuftpdk;&\aESmifh aES; MuefMY umaerIEiS u hf rÇmpD; yGm; a&; us qif; rIuulrifwefygwD tm; jyif; jyif;xefxe f txdemapcJhonfrSm awmhtrSefjzpfonfqdk onf/ w&kww f ikd af ywGiu f sif;ycJh onf c&kdif pD&ifpkqdkif&ma'oEå&w&m;ol BuD ; rsm;ES i f h N rd K U a wmf 0 ef r sm; a&G ; aumufyGJuor®wrm,if ausmuf \ul r if w ef y gwD t wG u f BuD ; rm; onfhtaESmifht,SufESifh qkwfqdkif; rI BuD;jzpfoGm;apcJh aMumif;od& onf/ tmPm& ulrifwefygwDonf NydKifbuftwdkuftcH'Drkdua&pDwdk; wufa&;ygwDae&mtrsm;pkwGift Ekdif&&SdcJhonfrSmrSefaomfvnf;? rnf onfhtcgurQ ESpfygwDtMum; a' oEå&a&G;aumufyGJrsm;wGif ,ckuJh od k Y u G m [rI t enf ; rQom&S d a wmh atmif t wd k u f t cH y gwD b uf u rJ ta&twGuf&mcdkifEIef;BuD;rm;pGm& &Scd jhJ cif;r&Sad omaMumifyh ifjzpf onf/ wifaZmfEdkif Ref:AFP(7Dec,2009)

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0ifbmtukefxd&aeNyD; a&mif;tm; aumif;wJUtaetxm;&Sdw,fvdkY ajymMum;cJUygw,f/ tckeBook reader [m Amazon u a&mif ; cswJ U ypö n f ; awG x J r S m a&mif;tm; taumif;qHk;jzpfNyD; t a&mif;qdkifawGrSm ypö n f ; jywf o avmuf jzpfaew,fvdkYod&yg w,f/ tGev f ikd ;f jzefcY sdoal wG&t UJ qdkt& aps; 0,fol awG[m Kindle reader udk vuf a qmif a y;zd k Y t wG u f t0,f rsm;NyD; pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;awG? tzGJU tpnf;awGuvnf; 0efxrf;awG eJY yHrk eS f tm;ay;olawGuakd y;zdhk twGuf yrmPtrsm;BuD;0,f,Ml u w,fvYkd od&ygw,f/ Amazon &JU Kindle reader u

aps;uGuu f Okd ;D aqmifaewmaMumifU Barnes & Noble eJY Sony twGuf aps;uGuftajctaeu odyfr[ef bl;jzpfaeygw,f/ Barnes & Noble u NyD;cJw U w JU e*FaEGu Nook reader udkaps;uGufpwifcJUw,fvdkY od&yg w,f/ E-readers awG[m aps;uGuf xJ rSm vlpdwf0ifpm;rI trsm;qHk;cHMu & NyD;? uRrf;usifolawG&JU cefYrSef;csuf t& 'DESpfrSmqdk&if aysmfyGJ&TifyGJ&uf ta&mif;tyg0if ypönf; 3 oef;t xd a&muf&SdvmrSmjzpfNyD;? aemufESpf ta&mif;rSm ypönf; 6 oef; txd a&muf&SdoGm;r,fvdkY Forrester Research &JUcefYrSef;csuft& od& &Sif;&Sif;oefY ygw,f/ Source:Xinhua

NyD;cJhonfhatmufwdkbmvu qdk rmvDyifv,f"m;jyrsm; jyefay;qGJcJh aom jrefrmEdkifiHom;ESpfOD;ygonfh td E d ´ , Ed k i f i H r G r f b d k i f ; uk r Ü P D y d k i f MVAL Khaliy trnf&dSoabFmonf ,cktcsdex f dyifv,f"m;jyrsm;vuf rS vGwfajrmufjcif;r&Sdao;aMumif; tifwmeufowif;rsm;wGif azmfjy xm;onf/ tqkdyg oabFmay:wGif tdEd´, EdkifiH om; 24 OD;ESihf jrefrmvlrsdK; 2 OD; pkpkaygif; 26 OD;yg0ifNyD;? qdkrmvD a&jyifwpf0dkufwGif tydkifpD;cH&jcif; jzpf a Mumif ; aewd k ; tzG J U a jyma&; qdkcGifh&Sd olwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/ ,if ; wk d u f c k d u f r I o nf wpf y wf twGif; 3 Budrfajrmuf oabFmjyef ay;qGJrIjzpfNyD;? xdkaeYu yifv,f"m; jyrsm;onf Seychelles t aemuf bufurf;ajcESihf uDvdkrDwm 320 tuGmta0;&Sd oabFmaemufodkY wkdufckdufa&; a&,mOfi,f ESpfpD;jzihf vdkufí 0ifa&mufpD;eif;cJhjcif;jzpf aMumif; Oa&myor*¾ yifv,f"m; jy ES d r f E S i f ; a&; a&wyf t if t m;pk (Navtor ) \ xkwfjyefcsufwpf&yf wGif azmfjyxm;onf/

]]'Djzpf&yfuqdk&if yifv,f"m;jy awG[m urf;ajceJY a0;wJh oabFm awGukd ypfrSwfxm;vmw,fqdkwJh tajymif ; tvJ w pf c k u k d nT e f j yae w,f}} [k tjynfjynfqdkif&m a& aMumif ; tzG J U t pnf ; I B M (International Maritime Bureau's) rS ajyma&;qdkcGifh &Sdol

wpfOD;u ajymonf/ oabFmrsm;ukqd d rk mvD?[efZeD;,m; ESihf uifnmurf;ajcw0du k f okYd roGm; &ef owd a y;xm;onf / rk w f o k e f &moDNyD;qk;H oGm;NyD;aemuf &moDOwk tajctaeaumif;vmonft h wGuf yif v ,f " m;jyrsm;\ wd k u f c d k u f r I ydkrdkrsm;jym;vmEkdif aMumif; ¤if;u qufvufajymMum; onf/

,ckESpftwGif; {'ifyifv,fauGU ü qdrk mvD yifv,f"m;jyrsm;\ wdu k f cdkufrI 178 Budrf&SdcJhNyD; oabFm tydkif pD;rI 36 rI yg0ifco hJ nf/ ,cktcsdef wGif qd k r mvD y if v ,f "m;jyrsm;onf oabFm 7 pif;ESifh oabFmom; 165 a,muf zrf;qD;xm;onf/ ,ckESpf tapmydkif; 9 vwmtwGif; oabFm tpif;150txuftwdu k cf u kd cf &H Ny;D 2008 ckESpf u urÇmwpf0Srf;wGif yifv,f"m;jyrI 293 rIESifh txuf jzpfyGm; cJo h nf[k tjynfjynfqdkif&m a& aMumif; tzGUJ tpnf; IBM rS ajymcJh ausmfpdk;vif; onf/ Ref: www. telegraphindia.com

wdkif;&if;om;rsm;tm; avsmfaMu;a':vm 1.4 bDvsHay;&ef tar&dueftpdk;&u oabmwl wdik ;f &if;tar&duefEikd if o H m; rsm; ESihf umv&SnMf um jzpfymG ;aecJh aom trI u d p ö w pf c k u k d ajz&S i f ; Ek d i f a &; twGuf tar&duef tpkd;&u tqdkyg wdkif;&if;om;rsm;tm; avsmfaMu; aiGa':vm 1.4 bDvsHay;&ef oabm wl n D v d k u f N yD j zpf a Mumif ; od & S d & onf/ 1996 ck E S p f w G i f trI z G i f h c J h a om The Cobell Case ac: trIrSm rdrd wd k Y \ e,f a jrrsm;rS xG u f & S d a om o,HZmw&if;jrpfrsm;rS &&So d nfh a': vmbDvsHaygi;f rsm;pGmwdu Yk dkrSm;,Gi;f pGm pDrHcefYcGJonf[kqdkum wdkif;&if; tar&duef vlrsKd;rsm;u tar&duef tpdk;&tm; w&m;pGJqdkjcif; jzpfonf/ ,ck&&Scd ahJ omoabmwlnDcsut f & jynf a xmif p k tpd k ; & jynf x J a &; 0efBuD;Xmeu a':vm 1.4 bDvsHukd wdkif;&if;tar&duef vlrsKd;pk0if 3 ode;f wdt Yk m; cGaJ 0ay;rnfjzpfNyD; olwYkd xHrS ajrrsm;ukd 0,f,l&ef a':vm 2 bDvsH&Sd &efykHaiG wpf &yfukd xlaxmif xm;rnf jzpfonf/ trIrSm o bm0 o,HZmwrsm; ayg<u,faom vleDtif'D,ef;wdkYydkif e,fajrrsm;ukd odrf;,lNyD; vljzLydkif ukrÜPDrsm;ukd ay;tyfcJhaom 1687 u jy|mef;cJhonfh Dawes Act wGif jrpfzsm;cHonf/ ,if;Oya' t& tqdk yge,fajrBu;D ukaj d ruGui,f f uav; rsm;tjzpfokdY pdwfydkif; vdkufum vleD tif'D;,ef; rdom;pk wpfpktm; ae xdkifvkyfudkif pm;aomufp&m ajr wpf u G u f p D ay;cJ o nf / wd k i f ; &if ;

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tar&duef vlrsKd; pk0ifrsm;taejzifh xdke,fajr wpfckvHk;rSm olwdkYydkifjzpf aomaMumifh xdk e,fajrukd tpdwf pdwfcGJNyD; ajrtenf;i,fpDudkom ol wdt Yk m; jyefay;jcif; ukdxdpk Of uwnf; u auseyfrI r&SdcJhay/ od k Y a omf 1996 ck E S p f u srS o m ]t,f vlpDaumhbJvf} trnf&dS b

vufzk wkdif;&if;om; vlrsKd;EG,fpk 0if wpfOD;u OD;aqmifNyD; tpdk;& tay: trIzGifh wdkifwef;cJhjcif; jzpf aMumif; od&Sd&onf/ wdk;jrifh Ref: BBC


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INTERNATIONAL NEWS twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

aMumfjim


INTERNATIONAL NEWS

33

twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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34 twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

aMumfjim


INTERNATIONAL NEWS

35

twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

xdkif;vlrsKd; wpfOD;ukd olvQKdrIjzifh uarÇm'D; ,m;u axmif 7 ESpf cs eDuvdk yfpaf uhcsftm; ukvor*¾u vlom; csif;pmemrI qdik &f m qkcsD;jr§ihf a[mvD;0k'f ½kyf&Sifo½kyfaqmif eD ukdvyfpfauhcsftm; vlom;csif;pm emrI jzifh tultnDay;onfh udpö rsm; wGif pGrf;pGrf;wrH aqmif&GufrIrsm; twGuf ukvor*¾u vlom;csif; pmemrIqdik &f mqkwpfcu k dkay;tyfcsD; jr§ifhchJaMumif; od&Sd&onf/ rl;,pfaq;0g;ESifh &mZ0wfrIwdkuf zsufa&;qdkif&m ukvor*¾\ cspf Munfa&;oHwref wpfOD;vnf;jzpf aom touf (45ESpf) &Sd auhcsftm; e,l;a,mufNrdKU ukvor*¾ XmecsKyf wGif twGi;f a&;rSL;csKyf befurD eG ;f u ]]wpfESpftwGif; txl;cReftajymif ajrmufqkH ; urÇmhEdkifiHom;} (The Gloal Citizen of the Year) qkukd tcrf;tem;jzifh ay;tyfcsD;jr§ifhcJh jcif; jzpfonf/ qkay;yGJ trf;tem;wGif auhcsfu ]vlom;csif; pmemaxmufxm;rI jzifhtultnDay;a&;qdik &f m ukvoH trwfBuD;qdkwJ h uRefawmhf&JU tcef; u@[m urÇmay:rSm w&m;rQwrI ay:aygufapa&; vdktyfcsufukd rD; armif;xdk;jyzdkY jzpfygw,f/ cspfMunf a&; oHtrwfBuD;qdkwJh wu,hf b0 xJu uRefawmhf&JU tcef;u@[m ½kyf&Sifydwfum;ay:rSm uRefawmf o½kyfaqmifcJhwJh tcef;u@awG xufydkvdkYawmif cufcJNyD; t"dyÜm,f jynhf0ygw,f} [k ajymqdk cJhonf/ ukvor*¾ rl;,pfaq;0g;ESifh &mZ 0wfrI wdkufzsufa&; ½kH;\ trIaqmif nTeMf um;a&;rSL; tefuedk , D rkd m&D,m aumhpfwmu ]]½kyf&SifZmwfum; awGxJu eDukdvyfpfauhcsf&JU Zmwf ½kyftrsm;tjym;wd[ kY m vlo Y bm0&JU tarSmifrdkufqkH; p½dkuftcsKdUukd uRef awmfwdkYukd zGifhvSpfjyocJhygw,f/ tckawmh ol[m w&m;rQwrI &SmazG jcif; qdkwJh tjrifhjrwfqkH; vkyfief; wpfcktwGuf pGrf;pGrf;wrH BudK;yrf; aqmif&Gufaew,fvdkY qkdygw,f/ tjynfjynfqdkif&mvGwfNidrf;csrf; omcGifhtzGJU\ tuskKd;aqmifwpfOD; vnf; jzpfaom auhcsfonf uav; ppfom;aumif;rsm; b0jyefvnf xlaxmifa&;&efyaHk iGwpf&yftwGuf a':vm 2 oef; vSL'gef;xm;NyD;jzpf um EdkifiHwum\ vufeufxdef; csKyf a &; vI y f & S k m ;rI r sm;wG i f v nf ; wufwuf<u<u yg0ifaqmif&Guf wdk;jrifh aeoljzpfonf/ Ref: BBC

NyD ; cJ h o nf h vu uarÇ m 'D ; ,m; EdkifiHokdY vma&mufcJhaom ¤if;\ w&m;0if tvnftywfc&D; wpfck twG i f ; xd k i f ; 0ef B uD ; csKyf a [mif ; ouf q if & S D em0yf \ c&D ; pOf E S i f h ywfoufonfhtcsut f vufrsm;ukd vQKdU0Sufpkaqmif;NyD; xkdif;EdkifiHokdY ay;ydcYk o hJ luarÇm'D;,m;avaMumif; xd e f ; od r f ; a&;pcef ; rS xd k i f ; vl r sKd ; t&mxrf ; wpf O D ; tm; t*F g aeY (8.12.09) wG i f uarÇ m 'D ; ,m; w&m;½kH; wpf½Hk;u axmif'Pf (7 ) ESpfcsrSwfcJh ygw,f/ qD&m0yf csKd;bDaygif (31 ESpf) tm; rpöwmoufqif\ yk*¾vdu ydkif av aMumif; c&D;pOf qdkif&m tao;pdwf tcsuftvufrsm;ukd xdkif;oHwref rsm;tm;vTJajymif;ay;tyfcJhonfh twGuf EdkifiHawmf\ vQKdU0Sufcsuf rs;ukdaygufMum;apcJo h nf[q k kdum w&m;½kH;u ,ckuJhokdY jypf'PfcsrSwf cJhjcif; jzpfygw,f/ uarÇm'D,m;EdkifiH wGif olvQKdvkyfrItwGuf tjrifhqHk; jypf'PfrSm axmif'Pf (15) ESpf jzpf aMumif; od&ygw,f/ okdYaomf uarÇm'D;,m; bk&ifEdk½dk 'GefoD[mexHrS vkH;0vGwfNidrf;csrf; omcGifh&&Sdonfh qD&m0yftaejzifh t,lcHEdkifatmif rdrdwdkY wwfEkdiforQ yHhydk; ul nDaqmif&GufoGm;rnf[k xdik ;f t&m&Srd sm;ut&dyt f >rufajym Mum;cJhw,f/ qD&m0yfvGwfajrmuf a&;twGuf 0efBuD;csKyf a[mif; ouf qif u yg0if u l n D a qmif & G u f a y; vdrfhrnf[laom cefYrSef; ajymqdkrI rsm;vnf; xdik ;f Edik if x H w J iG f xGuf ay:

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bkdyg;wGif tPkjrL jzpf &yfqdk;\ 25 ESpf ajrmuf tcrf;tem; rsm;usif;y

'DZifbm (3)&ufaeYwGif tdE´d, EdkifiH bkdyg;NrdKUrS jynfolrsm;u vGefcJh onfh (25) ESpu f BuHKawGcU MhJ u&aom EsLuvD;,m; "mwfaygif;zdk ,dkpdrfhrI tjzpfqdk;BuD;twGif; aoqHk;oGm;cJh Muolrsm; ,if;\ ppftusKd;quf tjzpf emrusef;rIukd cHpm;cJhMu&ol rsm;tm; atmufarhowd&onfh t xd r f ; trS w f tcrf ; tem;rsm;uk d usif ; yjyKvk y f c J h M uaMumif ; od & S d & onf/ EsLuvD;,m; qefYusifa&; wuf<uvIyf&Sm;olrsm;ESif hxdk tjzpf qdk;BuD;twGif;rS touf rao vGwf ajrmufcJholrsm;onf NrdKU\ vrf;rsm; wpf a vQmuf csD w uf u m td E ´ d , tpdk;&ESifh tqdkyg tPkjrL "mwfaiGU ,dkpdrfhonfh puf½Hk\ ydkif&Sifjzpfonfh ,leD,Humbdkuf ukrÜPDwdkYukd qefY usifonhf a<u;aMumfoHrsm;atmf [pfcJhMuonf/ pufrIvkyfief;rawmfwqrI o rkdif;wGif tqdk;qkH;jzpfaom tqdkyg t&m&Sd tjzpf NyD;cJhonfh vu cefYtyf "mwfaygif;zdk "mwfaiG, U kdpdrrfh I jzpf &yf vdkufjcif;u tajctaeukd ydkrdkqdk; rSm 1984 ckESpf 'DZifbm 3 &ufaeY u &Gm;oGm;apcJhw,f/ pD;yGm;a&; vkyfief;&SifBuD; wpfOD; vnf ; jzpf a om ouf q if o nf (2006) ckESpfwGif 0efBuD;csKyf &mxl; rSz,f&mS ;jcif;cHc&hJ NyD;,cktcgtusihf ysufjcpm;rIpGJcsufjzifh rsufuG,fwGif csrSwfxm;aom axmif'Pf (2) ESpf j ypf'Pfudka&Smif&mS ;Edik &f ef xdik ;f edik if H bmoma&; tcrf;tem;wpfck jyifywGif aexdkifvsuf&Sdygw,f/ wGif EGm;owfonfh tavhtx wpf wdk;jrifh ck t m; yd w f y if w m;jrpf a y;&ef Ref: BBC wd&pämef tcGifhta&; umuG,fa&; tzGJU wpfck\ avQmufxm;csufukd awmiftmz&du w&m;½kH;wpfcku y,fcs cJhNyD;aemuf xdkEdkifiHrS wdkif; &if;om; Zl;vl; vlrsKd;wd\ Yk EGm;owfyJG yg 0if onfh ½dk;&mbmoma&; tcrf; tem; ukdpDpOfxm;onfhtwdik ;f pae aeY'DZifbm12&ufwiG fusi;f yjyKvyk f oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&Sd&onf/ qdkif;iHhxm;onfh tcsdefrSmyif ¤if; tqdkyg t crf;tem;rSm uGmZl;vl; vkyfEdkifonfukd jyoaejcif; yifjzpf emw,f jynfe,fü aus;Zl;wiftyf Yk m; onf[k &moDOwkajymif;vJvmrI aom t&mESihf yk*Kd¾ vftaygif; wdt aus;Zl ; qyf o nf h taejzif h ES p fpOf qd k i f & m uk v or*¾ o d y Ü H uG e f & uf Ouú| &m*sif'&m ygacsmif&Du ajym usif;yaom ]tlul&S0grm} yGJawmf jzpf N yD ; xd k y G J a wmf t wG i f ; vl i ,f qdkcJhonf/ tD;,l\ tvSnhfusOuú| wm0ef rsm;u EGm;okd;wpfaumifukd vuf ,lxm;aom qGD'ifEdkifiHrS obm0 csnf;oufoufjzifh owfjzwf avh&Sd fh ywf0ef;usifqdkif&m 0efBuD; tef'&D Muonf/ tmz&du wd&pämef tcGit ,yfpf um;vf*&ifurl vmrnfh ukd a&;tzGUJ (ARA) u EGm;½dik ;f tm;owf yifa[*if xdyfoD;tpnf;ta0;\ ykH owfenf;rSm &ufpuf Murf;MuKwf &v'fonf tar&duefESifh w½kwfwdkY NyD; vlrqefaomaMumifh xdktavh uv kyfaqmifvmMurnfh vkyf&yf txukd ydwyf ifay;&ef Zlv;l bk&ifEiS hf rsm;tay:wG i f t"d u rl w nf a e awmif t mz&d u tpd k ; &wd k Y t m; aMumif; xdyfoD;tpnf;ta0;wuf a&muf&ef tar&duefor®w aemuf tywf x J w G i f ud k y if a [*if o k d Y a&muf & S d v monf h t cg zef v k H t d r f "mwfaiGU xkwfvTwfrIESifh ywf ouf í aemufxyfftavQmhay;rIrsm;ukd ¤if;rjyKvkyfvQif rdrdtaejzifh tHhtm; oifh&rnfjzpfaMumif; ajymqdkcJh onf/

awmf\ twnfjyKcsufukd &,lp&m rvdkbJ nTefMum;Ekdifvdrfhrnf[k t"dyÜm,f xGufae&m or®w tkdbm; rm;tpdk;&taejzifh zefvkHtdrf "mwf aiGUxkwv f w T rf IavQmhcsa&;Oya'ukd uG e f * &uf u twnf r jyKao;bJ

Ref: BBC

awmiftmz&du wGif wd& pämef tcGifhta&; tzGJUwpfck ½IH;edrfh

&moDOwk ajymif;vJrI qdkif&m tar&duef or®w \ aMunmcsuf ukd ukvESifh tD;,lwdYku BudKqdk zefvkHtdrf"mwfaiGUrsm;onf vl om;wdkY\ usef;rma&;ukd tEå&m ,f jyK&ef Ncdrf;ajcmufaeonf[laom tar&duef jynfaxmifpk\ xkwf azmfajymqdkcsufukd ukvor*¾ESifh Yk t*FgaeY(8.12.09) Oa&myEUwdu wGif toD;oD;BudKqdkcJhMuaMumif; od&Sd&onf/ EdkifiHaygif; (192) ckrS acgif;aqmif rsm;yg0if wufa&mufMurnfh urÇmh &moDOwk ajymif;vJrIqdkif&mukdyif a[*if xdyo f ;D tpnf;ta0; rwdifk rf D &ufydkif;tvdkwGif tar&duef or®w tdkbm;rm;u ,if;uJhokdY ajymMum; cJhjcif;rSm urÇm&moDOwk ajymif;vJ vmaerI jyóemukd ajz&Sif;&ef t ar&duefEikd if t H aejzifhtwdik ;f twm wpfct k xd ckid rf maom ydik ;f jzwfcsuf xm;&SNd yD; jzpfonf[al om tcsufudk jyaeaMumif; tD;,lajymcGifh&yk*¾dKvf wpfOD;u ajymqdkcJhonf/ tar&d u ef \ aMunmcsuf u obm0ywf 0 ef ; usif q k d i f & m um uG,af pmifah &SmufrI at*sifpD (EPA) t aejzifh tar&duef uGe*f &uf vTwf

jzpfyGm;cJhjcif; jzpfNyD; rD;odef; tkdiftdk qdik , f medwftrnf&dStqdyf"mwfaiGU wefcsdef av;q,f ausmf pdrhf xGuNf yD; puf ½HktwGif;omru teD; tem;&Sd &yfuGufrsm;twGif;okdYyg ysUH ESHUoGm;cJh jcif; jzpfonf/ tqdkyg tqdyf"mwfaiGUrsm;\ oufa&mufrIaMumifh emzsm;rusef; rmjzpfcJh&ol 6 odef;eD;yg;&SdNyD; ,ck txd aoqH;k ch&J ol wpfoed ;f cGJ &So d mG ; NyD[k tqkdyg ta&; vIyf&Sm; aqmif &Gufaeolrsm;u ajymqdkMuonf/ puf½kHwnf&SdcJhonfh ajrae&mukd pGefYypfxm;aomfvnf; ,ckwdkif xdk ae&mwGif tqdyfoifh t&m0w¬Krsm; ukd awGUae &qJ jzpfaMumif; obm0 ywf0ef;usifxde;f odr;f a&;0g'rD sm;u ajymqdk aeMuonf/ 1989 ck E S p f w G i f ,l a &eD , H u m bdkufukrÜPDu xdkjzpf&yftwGuf avsmfaMu;tjzpftar&duefa':vm oef;aygif; 470 ukd tdE´d,tpdk;& okdY wdk;jrifh ay;tyfcJhonf/

wdk;jrifh Ref: BBC

w&m;cHrsm;tjzpf trIzGiu fh m w&m; ½kH;okdY OD;wdkuf avQmufxm;cJhMujcif; jzpfonf/ ARA \ uefYuGufrIrSm ykefuef rI r&S d a om tcsuf t vuf r sm;ES i f h rwdusaom ajympum;rsm;ay: wGif tajccHxm;aomaMumifh oufao ckdifvkHrI r&Sd[laom ,Ofaus;rIa&; &m uRrf;usifol ygarmu© *smqlvm eDrmygvmvm\ wifjycsufukd w &m;olBuD;u vufcHum ARA \ avQmufxm;rIukd y,fcscJhjcif;jzpf onf/ ARA u tqkdyg EGm;owfyGJrSm rdepf (40) cefY MumjrifNh yD; 'gZiftcsKdU &Sd aom vl i ,f r sm;u EG m ;vnf y if ; rusKd;rcsif; wufeif;Mujcif; aMumifh tvG e f & uf p uf M urf ; MuKwf a om tjyKtrl jzpf o nf [ k ajymMum;cJ h onf/ tifumomz&D'rfygwDrS Zl;vl; vl rsKd;vTwaf wmftrwfwpfO;D jzpfaom tJvfbwfrefuGef*dkurl EGm;owfyGJ rSm wpfrdepfyif rMumyg[kumuG,f wdk;jrifh ajymqdk cJhonf/ Ref: BBC


INTERNATIONAL NEWS twGJ 2? trSwf 17? 8 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

t dkifattD;at tBuD; tuJa[mif; tD*spf or®w a&G;aumufyGJ 0ifzG,f&Sd

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vlaerIb0wGif ta&;ygvSonfh MuufoGefjzLESifh i½kwfoD;wdkYrSm A/ H1N1 u vlwkyfauG;a&m*gukd ckcH Edik o f nft&mwpf h crk [kw[ f kab*si;f &Sd usef;rma&;qdkif&m t&m&dSrsm;u qdkonf/ MuufoGefjzLonf tzsm;a&m*g rsm;tm; aysmufuif;ajyavsmhap aom xif & S m ;onh f w½k w f ½ d k ; &m aq;wpfrsKd; jzpfonf[k od&onf/ ,ck aqmif;umvwGif aoapEkdif avmuf o nf h vl w k y f a uG ; a&m*g Ad k i f ; &yf y d k ; yg0if y sH U E S H U ul ; puf r I r S m jynfolrsm;tv,fwGif aMumuf&GHU &rnfht&m jzpfvmonf/ ab*sif;&Sd rD'D,m owif;ay;ydkY csuft& MuufoGefjzLESifh i½kwfoD; wdkY\ 0,fvdktm;rsm; wdk;wufvmcJh NyD; aps;EIef;rSvnf; twufbufokdY om &SdvmaMumif; od&onf/ þtjcif;t&mrsm;ESifh ywfouf í ab*sif; NrdKUawmf a&m*gumuG,f xdef;csKyfa&; tzGJU\ vufatmuf&Sd tzGJUcGJ wpfckrS acgif;aqmifol Jiang u-]]i½kwfeJY MuufoGefjzLawG[m vlwkyfauG; ukd ckcHEdkifwJh t&mawG r[kwfbl;/ 'DESpfckxJu b,fwpfck urS 'DvlwkyfauG;a&m*gukd ckcHEkdifyg

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soucrce: Chna Daily

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tBuH K r&S d o l v nf ; jzpf a Mumif ; pojzif h wd k u f c d k u f a&;om;cJ h M u onf/ or®w rlbm&uf tpd;k &onf Edik if H a&; vGwfvyfcGifhrsm;ukd uefY owf csKyfcs,fydwfyif&ef ta&;ay: Oya' rsm;ESihfvkNH cHKa&;wyfzrUJG sm;ukdvko d vdk okH;pGJaeonf[k twdkuf tcHrsm;ESifh t&yfzuf tzGJUtpnf;rsm;u umv &SnfMumajymqdkvmaecJh Muonf/ t BuD;qkH; twdkuftcHygwD jzpfaom rGwfpvifnDaemifrsm; tzGJU onf ydwfyifwm;jrpfjcif; cHxm;& NyD; ,if; \ uk d , f p m;vS , f r sm;onf a&G ; aumufyrJG sm;wGif wpfo;D yk*v ¾ rsm; jzifhom yg0if,SOf NydKifaeMu&onf/ vmrnfh or®wa&G;aumufyJG wGif or® w rl b m&uf u ol \ q|r tBud r f a jrmuf &mxl ; ouf w rf ; twGuf 0ifa&muf,OS Nf ydKifrnf r,SOf NydKifrnfukd cktcsdeftxd w&m;0if xkwaf zmfajymqdjk cif; r&Sad o;ay/ ol tpm; ol\om;jzpfol *grJvfrlbm &uf yg0if ,S O f N yd K if r nf [ l a om owif ; rsm;onf xG u f a y:ae aMumif; od&Sd&onf/ wdk;jrifh Ref: BBC

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aiG aMu; rwnfNidrfatmif xdef;csKyf vkyfukdif aeaom bPfrsm;tm; or®w csm; Awfu ta&;,lxdef; odrf; AifeDZGJvm;? 'DZifbm - 8 AifeDZGJvm;EkdifiH twGif;&Sd bPf rsm;wG i f aiG a Mu; rwnf N id r f r I jyóem rsm; jzpfay:cJNh yD;aemufyikd ;f ü or®w csm;Awfudk axmufcHol vl trsm;u xdkuJhodkY aiGaMu;rwnf Nidrfap&ef xdef;csKyfrIjyKvkyfonfh bPfrsm;tm; ta&;,lxdef;odrf; ay;&ef awmif;qdkrIwpf&yf jyKvkyfcJh aMumif; od& onf/ ,if;uJhodkY aiGaMu;xdef;csKyfrI jyK vkyo f nfh bPfBuD;\ tBuD;tuJ rSm AifeDZGJvm;EdkifiHrS xdyfwef;0efBuD; wpfOD;vnf;jzpfonf/ AifeDZGJvm; Edik if t H wGi;f üxdu k o hJ YkdaiGaMu;upm; rIrsm;jyKvyk cf o hJ nfhtwGufpD;yGm;a&; qdkif&m aps;EIef;rsm;vnf; rwnf rNidrf jzpfcJh&onf/ &J w yf z G J U q d k i f & m apmif h M unf h avhvma&;rSL;wpfO;D jzpfou l xdjk ypf rI ESihfywfoufí ajymMum;&mwGif ]]uRefawmfwdkYtaeeJY t&m&mudk owdeJY apmifhMunfhrIawG jyKvkyfcJh&

jyKwmuraocsmwJhtaMumif;t&m Bu;D yg}} [k &Si;f vif; ajymMum;onf/ tqdkygudpörsm;aMumifh ab*sif; wGif MuufoeG jf zLaps;ESihf i½kyo f ;D rsm; rSm jrifhwufcJhonf[k od&onf/ ,cif MuufoGefjzL 500 *&rfvsif 1 ,Grfom&SdcJhNyD; ,cktcgwGif 500 *&rf v sif 7.40 ,G r f & S d c J h a Mumif ; i½kwfoD;rSmvnf; ,cif 500 *&rf vsif 4 ,Grf om &SdcJh&mrS 7.50 ,Grf txd a&muf&Sd cJhaMumif; ab*sif;\ tBuD; q kH; [if; oD;[if;&Guf aps;jzpf onfhpifrm'Daps;rS owif;ay;ydYkcsuf t& od&onf/ odkYaomf aps;Xme\ acgif;aqmif jzpfol Liu Tong u ]]MuufoGefjzL aps;awGu rMumcifrmS usrSmyg}} [k ab*sif;wkdif;rfokdY ajymMum;onf/ qufvufNyD; ¤if;u ]]bmjzpfvYkdaps; awG wufvJqkdawmh pD;yGm;a&;us qif;csdefu ½IH;cJhwmawGudk jyefum rdatmifvdkY }} [k qdkyg onf/ ,cktcg ab*sif;&Sd vlaygif; 2.16 oef;tm; vlwyk af uG; umuG,af q; rsm; xdk;ay;cJhNyD; jzpfaMumif;ESifh ab *sif ; wG i f umuG , f a q;rsm;rS m 3 oef;txuf&&SEd ikd af o;aMumif;od& a0pE´mausmf onf/

urÇmausmftar&duef a*gufoD; upm;orm; wdkuf*g;0k'ftae jzifh ol\ yk*¾vdu b0jyóem rsm;ukd ukdifwG,f ajz&Sif;oGm;&eftwGuf a*gufoD; upm;jcif;rS tcsdeftuefY towf r&S d &yf e m;xm;rnf j zpf aMumif; od&onf/ ¤if;\0ufbq f u kd rf Swpfqifx h w k f jyefonfhaMunmcsuw f pfapmifwiG f rdrdtaejzifh rdom;pktay: pdwfysuf atmif zefwD;rdo uJhokdY jzpfaeonf ukdowdjyKrdygaMumif;vnf;wdu k *f g; 0k'fu ajym onf/ xdkYjyif urÇmxdyfwef;a*gufoD; upm;orm; wdu k *f g;0k'u f ¤if;tae jzifh rdrdESifh rdrd\ rdom;pk b0wGif xdcdkufepfemrIrsm; &Sdco Jh nfukd jyKjyif zmax;aqmif &GufoGm;&ef BudK;pm; vdo k jzifhrdrdtm; vGwv f yfciG hfay;&ef vnf; awmif;qdkcJhonf/ wd k u f * g;0k ' f t m; t"d u yH h y k d ; ol atmf&D*Gefjynfe,f ydkYvef;NrdKUrS eDuD a0pE´mausmf ukrÜPDu ¤if;wkdYtaejzifh wdkuf*g; Source : Newyork Times

wpfckvnf;jzpfNyD;? wkdif;jynf\ t"d upD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;jzpfaom a&eH vkyfief;rsm;ESifv h nf; qufpyfvsuf &SdaMumif; od&onf/ ,ckuJhodkYom tcsdefrD xdef;csKyf jcif;r&Sdygu vuf&Sd 'lbdkif;wGif BuKH awG U a e&aom aiG a Mu;tusyf twnf; uJhodkYyif rsufarSmufjyKEdkif onfh oabm&Sdonf/ bPfvyk if ef;rsm; ,ckvdk aiGaMu; upm;rI xyfrHjyKvkyfygu xkdbPf rsm;udk jynfoyl ikd f odr;f ypf onftxd ta&;,loGm;rnf[k vnf; or®w csm;Awfu xkwfazmf ajymMum;cJh onf/ ,ckuJhodkY aiGaMu;rwnfNidrfrI rsm;udk zefwD;jyKvkyfaom jynfwGif; bPfvkyfief;rsm;ESihf ¤if;wdkY\ vkyf ief;&Sifrsm;udkvnf; qufvuffppf aq; ta&;,lrIrsm; jyKvkyfoGm;rnf jzpfaMumif; od&onf/

0k'fESifh vkyfief;aqmif&Guf&ef quf vuf toif&h adS ernf xkwaf zmf ajym qdkaomfvnf; wdkuf*g;0k'f\ ukd,f pm;vS,f rwfpfpwdef;bwfpfurl ,cktcsdefwGif pD;yGm;a&; oabm vkyfief;aqG;aEG;nd§EIdif;rIrsm; jyKvkyf &eftcsdeaf pmvGe;f ao;onf[kajym Mum;cJhonf/ wdkuf*g;0k'fuvnf; ,if;twGuf txl; wvnf 0rf;enf; ygaMumif;ESifh ¤if;tm; cGihfvTwf&ef ajymMum;cJhonf/ 1997ckEpS fyxrqk;H tBudrftBuD; tus,fatmifjrifrI&&Sdonfhtouf 21 ESpft&G,frSpí urÇm ausmf EdkifiH wum xd y f w ef ; a*guf oD ; upm; orm; jzpfvmcJah om wdkuf *g;0k'f 33 ESpfonf rMumrD u armfawmf,mOf rawmfwqrI jzpfymG ;um aoG;xGuf oH , d k j zif h owd v pf a rh a rsmvk v k tajctaeokdY a&muf&SdcJhNyD;aemuf ydkif;wGif armf awmf,mOf rqifrjcif armif ; ES i f r I j zif h ta&;,l c H & NyD ; 'Pf a iG tar&d u ef a':vm 164

a':vm ay;aqmifcJh&onfhtjyif ¤if;\ ,mOfarmif;vdkifpif rSwfwrf; wGif owday;csufrsm; a&;om;cHcJh& onf/ wifOD;opf Ref: AFP (12Dec,2009)

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