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NEWS tuGJtNyJZmwfvrf; pm-12

twGJ2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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pm - 6

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&efukef? 'DZifbm- 18

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MEMORIES

2

twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

Page of Memory

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News Watcher usyf ig;odef;wef pD'Dtrfat txdkifzkef;rsm;udk Zefe0g&DvrS pwifcsay;rnf[kqdk 7Day News

'DZifbm - 8

owÅKwl;azmfa&; ukrÜ PDESpfcktm; trnf ysufpm&if;aMunm Weekly Eleven News

Quote of the week

'DZifbm 16

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CDMA 800MHz

qdkufbmoa&zsufrI Bi Weekly Eleven News

'DZifbm - 18

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rav;&Sm; a&Smhyif;armvf aygufuGJrI The Myanmar Times

'DZifbm - 18

uGmvmvrfyl - rav;&Sm;EdkifiH&Sd topfaqmufvk yfxm;onfh a&Smh yif;pifwmwpfckwGif ,ckv 14 &ufaeYü aygufuGJrIwpfckjzpfyGm;cJh&m vlwpfOD;aoqkH;oGm;NyD;? tvkyf orm; 19 OD; 'Pf&m&&SdoGm;aMumif;? "mwfaiGU,dkpdrfhrIaMumifh jzpfEdkif aMumif; &JwyfzGJUu qdkonf/ 'Pf&m&olrsm;wGif tif'dkeD;&Sm; ESihf jrefrmEdkifiHrS tvkyform;rsm; yg0if aeNyD;? 19 OD;teuf 9 OD;rSm tajctaeqdk;aMumif; od&onf/ (attufzfyD) oD&drif;xGef;bmomjyefonf/

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&Jtkyfoifwef;udk taMumif;jyí aiGvdrfvnf 7Day News?

'DZifbm - 8

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Air Bagan &efukef - csif;rdkif c&D;pOfopf Bi Weekly Eleven News

'DZifbm - 18

jrefrmEdkifiHonf a&eHESihfobm0 "mwfaiGU ajrqDMoZmaumif;rGefjcif;? opfawm? yifv,fjyifxGufayguf&Sdjcif; (access to sea)? jrifhrm;aom vlrIt&if;tESD;&Sdjcif;wdkYonf aumif;rGefaom tcGifhtvrf;[kqdkcJhonf/ odkYaomf wcsdKUEdkifiHrsm;wGif obm0t&if;tjrpfudk aumif;rGefaom pDrHcefYcGJjcif; rjyKonfhtwGuf ]]obm0t&if;tjrpfusdefpm (Natural resource curse)}}[k ac:vm&aMumif;

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NATIONAL NEWS

3

twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

jynfytvnftywf xGufcGmolrsm;jym; &efukef? 'DZifbm - 13

jrefrmtif*sifeD,m yg0ifonfh oabFmtm; qdkrmvDyifv,f "m;jy rsm; jyefay;qGJxm;qJ &efukef? 'DZifbm - 11

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NATIONAL NEWS

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NEWS

CEO Thaung Htaik CHIEF EDITOR Myo Nyunt Maung DEPUTY CHIEF EDITOR Aung Kyaw Min CHIEF REPORTER Aye Aye Zin

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assistant editor Wai Sandar Kyaw, Nyo Mie Thinn, Thu Thu Aung, Le Le Thinn senior reporter Zaw Min Naing, Ko Ko Gyi junior reporter Zaw Lin Oo, Zin Mar Soe Win,

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NATIONAL NEWS

5

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NATIONAL NEWS

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twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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Photo : Soe Win Nyein

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Photo : Bagan Mg Mg

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NATIONAL NEWS

7

twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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aMumfjim


NATIONAL NEWS

8

twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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NATIONAL NEWS

9

twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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10

CRIMINAL twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

usyfaiG 169 odef; wefzdk;èd Starter Motor cdk;,lolrsm; tm; rIcif;tulXmeu zrf;qD;&rd

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avSjrKyfí a&epf aoqHk;rIjzpfyGm; &efukef?'DZifbm 14

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cd;k rI 14 rIusL;vGeo f t l m; taemufyikd ;f c½dik w f yf zGu UJ zrf;qD;

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NATIONAL NEWS

11

twGJ 2? trSwf 15? 24 Edk0ifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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&efukef?'DZifbm 16

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SERVICES

12

twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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Fillet (t½dk;xkwf) NyD; ig;tom; vTmudk "m;eJYyg;yg;rTef; xm;NyD;&if qm;? oMum;? [if;csuf Dry Gin, i½kwfqD i½kwfaumif;eJY e,fNyD; ESyf xm;yg/ t&om0ifatmif ESyfxm; wk e f ; rS m yJ ud k u f v ef ? rk e f v mOeD ? ocGm;oD;awGudk tajr§mif;&Snf &Snf av;vSD; NyD;jzwfxm;zdkYvdkygr,f/ MuufOacsmif;? uPef;acsmif;udk qDylay;NyD;&ifawmh uuwpfig;udk Su Shi jyKvkyfvdkY&ygNyD/ ESyfxm;wJh ig;tom;vT m ud k ,l N yD ; wif ; vm atmif aumfrIefYav;awmufxm; ay;ygNyD;&ifawmh Su Shi vkyfzdkY twGuf Nori Syeet cif;? tay:u vTmxm;wJh ig;om;jym;cif;? NyD;&if udkufvef? rkefvmOeD? MuufOacsmif;? uPef ; acsmif ; ? pD x nf h N yD ; &if uspfuspf vspfvspfjzpfatmif vdyf ay;xm;yg/ Tempura rIefY a&azsmf xm;ay;&ifawmh ok ygyJ/ rkefYa& av;vl;NyD; Brbad Crumb rIefYav; vl;ay;xm;yg/ qD a v;usuf & if t omt,m av;xnf h a y;vd k u f ½ H k y gyJ / aMumf ae&if;eJY 0,fxm;wJh Mayonn Aise

rIefYtjyif? ]tarxGm;} yJqDppfppf &&ifawmh vmxm;? pm;r,fqdkEdkifyg NyD/ ypönf;awG&NyDqdkwmeJY vufudk oefY&Sif;rItwGuf Paris wHqdyf Medicated Soap av;eJYaq; aMumNyD ; &if a wmh uuwpf i g;ud k AdkufcGJtltonf;EIwf? a&pifpifaq; Sauce, Tomato Kbtchap Sauce NyD; &ifacgif;ESifh tNrD§;jzwfNyD;wmeJY udkawmh yvwfpwpftdwfxJxnfh

tuGJtNyJZmwfvrf; pma&;ol- *g;'D,ef;OD;pdef0if; pmtkyftrnftuGJtNyJZmwfvrf; (The Split Story)

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a&mrrmef pm;aomufqdkif tjynfjynfqdkif&mavqdyfteD; &efukefNrdKU

r'ef;MuufOrsm;aps;uGuf odkY0ifvm &efukef? 'DZifbm10

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UPPER MYANMAR NEWS

13

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NATIONAL NEWS

14

twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 15? 22 24 'DEdZk0ifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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TREND twGJ2? trSwf 15? m 2009?t*F t*FgaeYgaeY 17? 24 8 'DEkZd0ififbbm2009?

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txD;usefrIu &ifom;uifqm jzpfonf[kqdk pm - 17

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ydkí us,fjyefY vmawmhrnhf All in one PC rsm; pm - 18

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16

YOUR LIFE twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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1925

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atmufwkdbm 6 atmufwkdb m 1925 vdIifykausmf *sDpDbDat txl;uGefz&ifh tpnf; ta0; udk awmifiljrdKUwGif usif;yonf/ tpnf;ta0;wGif om,m0wD a&SUaeOD;yku vIdifyk ausmf jrefrmtoif;csKyfMuD; jyifywGif o&mZ [kr®½l;tzGJUzGJU&eftqkdwifoGif;&myJcl;OD;ausmharmifuaxmufcHonf/ OD;yktqkdukd tm;vkH;u oabmwl twnfjyKonf/ [kr®½l;ygwD (Home Rule Party) wnfaxmif&ef qkH;jzwfjyD; aemuf [kr®½l;ygwD trIaqmif rsm;tjzpf Ouú| om,m0wDa&SUaeOD;yk? twGif; a&;rSL; OD;b[ef? b@m xdef; OD;armifarmif (awmifil) wkdYtm; a&G;aumufwif ajr§muf onf/ xkdYaemuftrIaqmif tzGJU\oabmwlnDcsuft& [kr®½l;ygwD tzGJU udk OD;wkwfMuD;\ o&mZygwDESifh aygif;&ef qkH;jzwfonf/ 1/ ([efwif jrefrmEkdifiHawmfrSwfwrf;- 3 pm 84-89) 2/ ( Burma Round Table Conference; Yangon Govt printing, 1932 P 71:hereafter cited as BRTC)

Ekd0ifbmv 17 Ekd0ifb m 1925 jrefrmEkdifiHwGif 'kdiftmcDtkyfcsKyfa&; enf;pepft& 'kwd, tBudrf Oya'jyK vTwfawmf trwfa&G;aumufyGJ usif;yonf/ - a&G;aumufyGJwGif -jrefrmEkdifiH vlOD;a& 13ç775ç903 OD;? qE´rJ ay;Ekdifonfh rJpm&if;&dS vlOD;a&aygif; 1ç821ç247 OD;? rJay;ol OD;a& 296ç134? rJqE´ ay; onfh &mckdifEIef; 16.26 &mcdkifEIef; 1/ (xGef;oef; jrefrmjynfEkdifiHa&; pm 162-3» 2/ (OD;av;armif jrefrmEkdifiHa&;orkdif;(y) pm 280) - a&G;aumufyGJwGif 21OD;*sDpDbDattzGJU0ifwkdYonf ae&Sife,fvpf ygwD rS jynfoljynfom; ygwD (The People's Party) [k trnf ajymif;vJjyD; a&G;aumufyGJ0if&m trwf 28 OD; ta&G;cH&onf/ (ol&d,owif;pm 24-11-1927) a&G;aumufyGJwGif a*satarmifMuD; MuD;rSL;aom tif'Dyif;'ifhygwD Independent Party ac: a&TawmifMum; ygwD (Golden Valleyparty) u trwf 20 ausmfta&G;cH&onf/ (OD;av;armif jrefrmEkdifiHa&;orkdif; (y) pm 279-280) om,m0wDOD;yk OD;aqmifonfh[kr®½l;vd*fygwDu trwf 2 OD;ta&G;cH& onf/ (OD;av;armif jrefrmEkdifiHa&;orkdif; (y) pm 279-280) 24 Ekd0ifbm 1925 oDaygrif;\ rdzk&m;acgifMuD; (pkzk&m;vwftouf 66) (13-12-1859 rS 24-11-1925) uG,fvGefonf/ (ol&d,owif;pm 26-11-1925)

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17 'DZifbm 1925 oDaygrif;\rdzk&m;acgifMuD; pkzk&m;vwf\ ½kyftavmif;ukd uefawmfrifO,smOftwGif;&dS tkwfeef;jymom'f twGif;*loGif; oN*ØK[f onf/ (ol&d,owif;pm 29-12-1925) 'DZifbm 1925 jrefrmEkdifiHwGifESpfMudrfajrmuf 'kdiftmcD (yl;wGJwm 0efcHtkyf csKyfa&;) tpkd;&tzGJU0ifrsm;rSm1/ qm0DvD,H*Refudwf b@ma&;0efMuD;csKyf 2/ OD;aratmif jynfxJa&;0efMuD;csKyf 3/ qmvDt&def(Sir Lee Ah Yain) opfawma&;0efMuD;csKyf 4/ a'gufwmb&if ynma&;0efMuD;csKyf wkdYjzpfonf/ 1/(R.A.B 1925-26 P 2 ) 2/(The Burma Gazette 5 Dec 1925) 'DZifbm 1925 avmhvpfwef 2 (Lord Lytton II) onf tdE´d, bk&ifcHcsKyf &mxl;ukd vufcHaqmif&Gufonf/ (An Advanced History of IndiaP 1043)

'DZifbm 1925 uarÇmZya'o&mZmtoif; pwkw¬tMudrf tpnf; ta0; awmifMuD;jrdKUwGifusif;yonf/ (R.A.B 1925-26 P 4 ) 1925 usKHvbm q&mawmfOuú| tjzpf MuD;rSL;onfh tnrnorÁE¨ tzGJUcsKyfukd zGJUpnf;onf/ xkdoHC mhtzGJUcsKyfu OD;cspfvIdif *sDpDbDatukd ausmfNidrf; (orkdif;okawoe) todrSwfjyKtm;ay; onf/

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Q&A

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aMumfjimudpö pkHprf;ar;jref;vdkvsif zkef;- 200988? 295525 Marketing

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HEALTH

17

twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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taxGaxGtjzpfrsm; a&m*grsm;(13) (General Common Diseases) a'gufwm opömcif tqkwfa&mifa&m*g

udk awGU&yg w,f/ wpfjcm;okawoD awGu txD; usejf cif;onf aq;vdyf tvGeft uRHaomufjcif;? t0vGef jcif;uJhodkY yif usef;rma&; udk qdk;0g; apw,fvdkY ajymMum;ygw,f/ Oyrm rdwfaqG? oli,fcsif; awGeJY tqufjywfoGm;wJUtcgrSm cE¨m udk,f&JUudk,fcHpGrf;tm; avsmhenf; csdef eJY vl&JUusef;rma&;taetxm; aMumifU aoG;wdk;jzpfwmwdkY? pdwfzdpD; rI jzpfwmwdkY&Sdw,fvdkYod&ygw,f/ NrdKUjyrSmaexdkifrItajctaeeJY zd tm;rsm;wJUvkyfief;cGifrSmaeolawG tzdkY &ifom;uifqmjzpfEdkifajcrsm; w,fvdkYvnf; okawoDawG&JUajym Mum;csuft&od&ygw,f/ &Sif;&Sif;oefY Source:Daily Mail

trsdK;orD;awG toufydk &Snf&whJtaMumif; trsKd;orD; trsdK;om;awG&JU wdkuf yGJrsdK;pkHrSm b,folu toufydk&Snf w,fqkdwmvnf; t"duuswJh tcsufwpfckjzpfygw,f/ trsdK;orD; awG[m udk,fa&mpdwfyg trsdK;om; awGxuf ydkrdkBuHUcdkifw,fqdkwm trsm; odNyD;jzpfayr,fh ,cktcgrSm awmh odyHÜynm&Sifrsm;u trsdK; orD;rsm;&JU *sif; ef(gene) rsdK;ADZzGJU pnf;ykH aMumifh trsdK;om;awGxuf ydkrdk touf&Snfjcif;jzpfw,fvkdY awGU&Sdvmygw,f/ trsdK;om; rsdK;ADZ[m touf&Snf jcif;udk [efYwm;wwfwJh b&dwf wpfck (brake on longevity) &Sdae w,fvdkY qdkygw,f/ tqkdyg avhvm rIudk awGU&Sdwmu *syefEkdifiHrSmjzpf NyD;? olwdkY[m <uufruav;rsm;eYJ prf; oyfcJhjcif;jzpfygw,f/ plyg<uuf rav;[m ykHrSeftrrsdK;ADZ? tzdkrsdK; ADZeJY aygif;pyfxm;wJh <uufrav; rsm;xuf oufwrf;ydk&SnfaMumif; vlom;rsdK;yGm;jcif;qdkif&m *sme,f rSm odyHÜynm&Sifrsm;u a&;om; xm;ygw,f/ olwdkYavhvmcsuft& trsdK;om; rsm;[m udk,fcE¨mtiftm;okH;

HIV u@

usef;rmokwu@

tvkyfvkyf&aom vkyfief;rsm;? rsm; jym;aom wm0ef,l&onfh udpörsm; ESifh pdwfESvkH;rcsrf;ajrUjzpf&aom jyóemtrsm;tjym;udk rdef;rrsm; xufydkrdkcHpm;&aomaMumifh olwkdY &JU oufwrf;[m jzwfawmufcHMu& w,fvkdY qdkygw,f/ omreftm;jzihf <uufrav;rsm; &JU oufwrf;[m &ufaygif; 600 rS 700 Mum;&Sdygw,f/ tJ'DxJu prf; oyfcH <uufrav; tcsdKU[m &uf aygif; 186 &ufausmfMum atmif <uufxD;av; awGxuf touf &SnfcJhwm awGU&yg w,f/ tqkdyg rsdK;ADZavhvmcsufudk ya&mfzuf qm wkdrdk½kdudkEdkeJY a'gufwm rmem blumG cg[m&mwdu Yk wku d sKd wuúov kd f wd&pämef"mwfcGJcef;rSm jyKvkyfcJhMu jcif;jzpfygw,f/ trsdK; om;awGudk pdwfcsrf;omatmif cE¨m udk,fodyf yifyef;qif;&Jjcif; rjyK atmif jyKvkyf ay;zkdYawmh vkdvmyg vdrfhr,f/ touf&SnfapcsifwJh rdrd trsdK;om; awGudk t&dyfwMunfhMunfh aewwfzdkY awmh vkdvmygNyD/ a'gufwmrD

(Pneumonia)

erdk;eD;,m;a&mifa&m*g

aqmif;0ifcsdefrsm;rSm oufBuD; &G,ftdkrsm;? uav;i,frsm;ESihf udk,fcHtm;enf;olrsm;? a&m*gtcH wpfrsdK;rsdK;&Sdaeolrsm;rSm txl; owd xm;&r,fha&m*gwpfrsdK; uawmh erdk;eD;,m;[k vlodrsm; aom tqkwf a&mifa&m*g (Penumonia) jzpfyg w,f/ tqdkyg tqkwfa&mifa&m*g[m touf½Ivrf;aMumif;&JU atmuf ydkif; [k ac:qdkEdkifaom tqkwfrsm; rSm ½kwfw&ufjzpfay:vmwwf aom a&m*gwpfrsdK;jzpfNyD; (Acute Lower respiratory tract illness) jzpfyg w,f/ a&m*gjzpfyGm;

ol[m zsm;jcif;? &ifacgif;ESifh ywfoufaom acsmif; qdk;jcif;? cRJovdyfusyfjcif;? &ifusyf jcif;? touf½IcufcJjcif;wdkYcHpm;&NyD;? tqkwf"mwfrSefrSm csdKU,Gif;csuf (Abnornalities) trsm;qkH;awGU&Sd& wwfygw,f/ vlaygif; 1000 rSm wpfa,mufrS 3 a,mufEIef; (1-3/1000 population) jzpfyGm; wwfNyD; aq;½kHwufa&mufukorI cH,l&olrsm;teuf aoaysmufEIef; 10 &mckdifEIef; (mortality 10) &Sdaom owdxm;oifhonfh a&m*g wpfrsdK; jzpfygw,f/ tqkwfa&mifa&m*g trsdK;tpm; awGudk cGJjcm;Munfhr,fqdk&ifawmh 1/ vlxktwGif;ul;pufjcif; odkY r[kwf (commurity a equired) a&m*g[m tjzpftrsm;qkH;jzpfyg w,f/ tJ'DtxJrSm ywf0ef;usif avxkrS wkduf½dkuful;pufjcif;ESihf rdrd rSm a&m*gtcHwpfckck&SdaeNyD;? xyfrHul; pufcH&jcif;wkdYjzpfygw,f/ 2/ 'kwd, trsdK;tpm;taeeJY (Nosocomial) ac: aq;½kHwuf a&mufNyD;rS 48 em&DausmfNyD;aemuf tqkwt f at;ywfvmjcif;rsdK;vnf; &Sdygw,f/ 3/ wwd,trsdK;tpm;rSm avjzwf xm;í rvIyfr&Sm;EdkifbJ vJavsmif; ae&olrsm;? <uufom;rsm;tm; enf;a&m*g&Sdolrsm;? udk,fwpfjcrf;

aoaeolrsm;? t&uftrl;vGefí vl rSef;olrSef;rodolrsm;? owdvpfarh arsmaeolrsm;? tmcHwGif;twGif; a&m*g wpfckck&Sdolrsm;? oGm;ESifh cHwGif; oefY&Sif;rIrsm;olrsm;[m erdk;eD; ,m; tqkwfa&mifa&m*gjzpf yGm;Edkif acs&Sdygw,f/ 4/ pwkw¬trsdK;tpm;uawmh cE¨m udk,f ckcHtm;usqif;aeaom (immunocorrpromised patient) a&m*ga0'em&Sifrsm;rSm jzpfyGm;wwf ygw,f/ a&m*gvu©Pmrsm;taejzihf zsm;jcif; odkYr[kwf tzsm;BuD;jcif; (Fever)? csrf;wkefjcif; (rigors)? udk,fvufEIH;e,fjcif;? yifyef;jcif; (Malaise)? tpm;taomuf ysuf jcif; (anorexia)? armyef;jcif; (dyspnees) tp&SdonfwdkY a&S;OD; pGm jzpfay:wwfygw,f/ Oyrmtm; jzihf bk&m;zloGm;jcif;? eHeufapm apm wGif udk,fvufvIyf&Sm;jyif; xefyifyef;pGm &ufqufwdkufjyK jcif;? tvkyftvGef tuRHvkyfí yifyef;EGrf;e,fNyD; zsm; emjcif;tm; erdk;eD;,m;\ a&S;OD; vu©Pm[k rod&Sdvkdufolrsm;rSm aemufydkif;rSm acsmif;qdk;jcif; (coyla)? ovdyfyspf yspfcJcJxGufvm jcif;? ovdyfwGif aoG;ygjcif;? &ifbwfemjcif; (tqkwf tajr§;yg; a&mifvm aomaMumifh (pleuritic chest pain) &jcif;ESihf touf t&G,fBuD; &ifholrsm;rSmzsm;jcif;? tom;jym vm jcif; (Cyanosis) ESifh ua,mif uwrf;jzpfjcif;? awGa0jcif; (Confusion) tp&SdonfhwdkYtjyif &ifwkefjcif;? touf½Ijrefjcif;? touf½IcufcJ jcif;? aoG;aygifus jcif;ESifh tqkwf tm;vufjzihf acguf í prf;oyfygu tqkwfcJaejcif; tm; prf;oyfawGU&Sd Edkifygw,f/

awGU&ayr,fh rxifcJhbl;av? olYudk avjcif;qdkNyD; pdwf raumif;jzpfcJh ajymif;xm;) uajymygw,f/ olruawmh tdraf xmifjyKNyD; 6 v ul;wmuawmh t&ifausmif;om; ayr,fh vlqdkwm wpfcgyJao&rSm tMumrSm uav;,lr,f tpDtpOf b0rSm olUoli,fcsif;wpfa,mufeJY qdkNyD; olUudkvnf; tjypfrwifawmh vJhvJhoif; pDpOfonf eJY ud, k 0f efaqmifc&hJ muae uk, d 0f ef twl wpfcgoHk; tyfeJYr[kwfbJ aq; ygbl; vdkYajymygw,f/ ]wpfOD;eJYwpfOD;vuf xyfr,fvdkY ysufuswJhtcsdefrSm aq;½Hk udkoGm;jy twloHk;zl;w,f? olUoli,fcsif; u olrtaeeJ ,ck at;at;Zif pDpYu Ofo nftcsdefrSm qHk;jzwf csufcsNyD; aoG;ppfwhJ tcg awmhrS aq;ppfcsuft& olrrSm aq;aomufp&mrvdkao;bJ HIV jzpfvkdY aq;aomufae& wm wpfa,mufrSm HIV &SdaecJh&if vHk;0 HIV pwifawGU&SdcJhwmjzpfyg w,f/ MumNy?D 'gayr,fholu U v dk nf;rajymbl;? olrtrsKd;om;u a0bm*Daq;½Hku Oayu©m rjyKoifhygbl;} tJ'Duae NyD;awmh olUqDudk ul;wm ae aq;aomufae&wm oHk;ESpf&Sd 'gaMumifh q&m0efawGu olr&JU wpfOD;eJYwpfOD; cspfjrwfEdk;vdkY trsKd;om;udkyg aoG;ppfcdkif;yg w,f/ vdkY xifw,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkygw,f/ aeygNyD/ tdrfaxmifjyKr,fvdkY vuf xyfMur,fvdkY qHk;jzwfcsufcs tJ'DtcsdefrSm olr&JU trsKd;om; [m olrtaeeJY uav;vdkcsifayr,fh pOf;pm; xm;wJh olawGudkt"du NyD;wJh tcgrSm aoG;ppfMuygvdkY wdkuf CD4 Count 29 yJ &Sdwmudk 'Dvrkd sK;d jzpfvmwht J wGuf olaU Mumifh ajymcsifwmuawmh r,lcif wGef; csifygw,f? wpfu,fvdkY arG;vmwJhuav;rSm HIV ygvmNyD; aq;ppfMuyg? aoG;ppfNyD;vdkY HIV ppfaq;awGU&SdcJhygw,f/ aoG;ppfwJh tcgrSm wpfa,mufrSm ]]olUqDrSm HIV &SdrSef;vnf; rodcJh aemufxyfwpfa,muf 'Dvdk HIV &Sdw,fqkd&if vnf; a&m*gtwGufeJY HIV &SdaecJh r,fqdk&if olYudk'Da&m*g ygbl;/ 'gayr,fh t&ifwkef;uawmh &Sd oGm;rSmpdk;wJhtwGuf uav;r,l raygif;zuf &wmrsKd; rjzpfapcsifbl; twGufeJY vrf;cGJvdkufwmrsKd; rjzpf olcPcP 0rf;oGm;wmwdkY tjcm; awmhb;l vdYkajymygw,f/ HIV &Sad eNyD vdkY ajymyg w,f/ apcsifygbl;/ wpfOD;eJYwpfOD; a&m*gvu©PmawG jywmawmh vdkY podvdkufwJh tcsdefrSm ighrSmjzpf& ]]tpfrtrsKd;om;u HIV &Sdae em;vnfrIawGxm; NyD; tm;ay; HIV ar;cGef;rsm;udkar;vdkvsif True News *sme,fwdkuf? trSwf 23? Adkvf waxmifvrf;oG,f (1)? ulnD &if;apmifha&Smuf apcsifyg AdkvfwaxmifNrdKUe,f? zkef; 708439? 397674? 292347 odkYqufoG,f ar;jref;Edkifygonf/ w,f}} [k rolZmat; (trnf

a&m*gprf;oyf&SmazGjcif; (Tests)

tqkwfa&miferdk;eD;,m;a&m*gtm; a&m*g&SmazG&efESifh a&m*gtwdrf teuf (Serverity) tm; od&SdEdkif&ef enf;vrf;rSm tqkwf"mwfrSef½dkuf &efjzpfygw,f/ tqkwf"mwfrSefrSm tqkwf\ wpfpdwfwpfydkif; odkYr[kwf tqkwftwGif; ae&m trsm;tjym; rSm a&m*gaMumifh ysufpD;aejcif; (loban of multiloban intiltrates) tm; Munfh&efjzpfygw,f/ tjcm; aom &SdESihfNyD; a&m*grsm;jzpfonfh wDbD a&m*g?wDbDaMumifh tqkwf t&nf zkH;jcif;a&m*grsm;&Sdr&Sd od&ef eHygwf wpftaejzihf tqkwf"gwfrSef (CXR) ½dkuf&rSmjzpfygw,f/ 'kwd, taejzihf aoG;azmuf ppfaq;jcif; rsm; jyK&ygr,f/ FBC, U&E, LFT, CRP ESihf blood culture rsm;jyKvy k f &efvt kd yfyg w,f/ wwd,taejzihf ovdyftm; ydk;arG;ppfaq;&ef vdktyfygw,f/ tqkwftwGif;rS (pleural fluid) t&nftm; ydk;arG;ppfaq;Edkifyg w,f/ tqkwfrSefajymif;Munfhjcif; Broncho scopy ESifh tqkwfoefY pifjcif;rsm;vnf;jyKvyk MfunfEh ik d yf gw,f/ tEå&m,frsm;aomolrsm;? touftEå&m,f&Sdolrsm;rSm touf ½SLjrefaeolrsm; (respiratory rate > 30 min:) touf½SLEIef; wpfrdepf wGif 30 Budrftxuf&Sdolrsm;? aoG;aygifus aeolrsm;? Diastolic BP<60 mmHg ESihf touf 60 ESihf 60 txufBuD;olrsm;? tjcm;aom a&m*gtcH&Sdolrsm;? owdvpfaeol rsm;? ESvkH;xdckdufí ESvkH;ckefEIef;jref aeolrsm;ESihf ausmufuyftvkyfr vkyfolrsm;? tqkwfwpfckvkH;eD;yg; a&mifaeaom Multiloban tqkwfem cHpm;ae&olrsm;rSm touftEå &m,f tvGefeD;uyfol rsm;jzpfMuyg w,f/ erdk;eD;,m; tqkwfa&mif a&m*g[m aq;½kH wufa&mufuko aomfvnf; aoqkH;Ekdifaom EIef;xm; 10 &mcdkifEIef;&Sdaom a&m*gjzpfwJh twGuf tqkwftat;ywfonf[k od&SdonfESihf vkH;0rayghqoifhaom a&m*gwpfrsdK;jzpfaMumif; wifjy vkdufygw,f/ ukorIrsm;rSm oufqkdif&m aq; ½kHq&m0efBuD;rsm; taxGaxG a&m*g ukq&m0efBuD;rsm;rS a&m*gtajc taetvkdufukoay; oGm;Edkifaom a&m*gjzpfygw,f/

tEå&m,frsm;aom tvStyqdkif&m cGJpdwfrIrsm; owdjyKoifh

tm*sifwD;em;tvSr,fa[mif; wpfOD;jzpfol touf 38 ESpf&Sd t>rTm uav;rsm; rdcif ukd,f[efjyr,f av; qdkvef*sD r*¾emEdk[m olr&JU tvStytwGuf toufay;oGm; &w,fvdkY olr&JU t&if;ESD;qkH; rdwfaqGvnf; jzpf? zuf&Sif*k½kBuD;wJh a&m bufwdk yD&ufZmu zGifh[ ajym Mum; ygw,f/ tvSr,f r*¾emEdk[m ,ck tcg 8 ESpf orD; t&G,fa&muf aeNyD jzpfwJh tjrTm 2 a,muf rdcif jzpfNyD; tqkdyguav;rsm; arG;zGm;NyD; aemuf &ifom;rsm; tdwjJG cif; twGuf tvS tyqdik &f m cGpJ w d rf I (Cosmetic Surgery) jyKvkyfcJhygw,f/ ,ckuav;rsm; BuD;jyif;vmcsdef rSm olr[m udk,f[efjyr,f tvkyf ukd jyefvnfvkyfukdif&ef pdwfyg0if pm; vmNyD; olr&JU tvStyESifh ywfouf aom pdwfpGJvef;rI[m ydkqdkqdk;0g; vmcJhygw,f/ ,ck wpfBudrfrSmawmh omrefwifom; tvStwGuf jyKvkyf avh&SdMuwJh wifom;twGif; Cellulide ac: t&nfwpfrsKd; xdk; oGif;NyD; wifom; wif;&if;vSy atmif jyvkyfwJh Gulteoplasty ac: tvS qdkif&m cGJpdwfrIwpfckukd jALEdkat; &D;(pf) NrdKUBuD;rSm oGm;a&muf NyD; jyify aq;cef; (private Clinic) wpfckrSm jyKvkyfcJhygw,f/ aq;xdk;oGif;jcif; jyKvkyfNyD; wpf &uf twGif;rSm touf½SLjcif; qdkif &m jyóemrsm; qdk;0g;pGm jzpfay: vmwJh twGuf oufqdkif&m aq;½Hk BuD;okdY tvsiftjref oGm;a&muf cJh NyD; txl;MuyfrwfukoaqmifrSm 2 &uf Mum ukoaomfvnf; touf qHk;½IH; cJh&ygw,f/ tqkwftwGif;&Sd aoG; aMumESifh OD;aESmuf&Sd aoG; aMum rsm;okdY wifom;xJ xdk;oGif; aom aq;&nfrsm; a&muf&SdNyD; aoG;aMum ydwfqdkYrIaMumifh touf ½SLcufjcif; a0'emjzifh uG,fvGef oGm;&jcif; jzpfygw,f/ awmiftar&duEdkifiH jALEdkat; &D;(pf) NrdKUav;rSm tvStyqdkif&m Cosmetic Surgery cGJpdwfrIrsm; [m aps;oufomvGef;wJhtwGuf ESpfpOf cGJpdwfukorIaygif; 50,000 wJhtwGuf olUudk vHk;0Oayu©m rjyK ig;aomif; ceYf jyKvkyfMuw,fvdkY bJeJY wpfOD;eJY wpfOD; em;vnfrIawGeJY od& ygw,f/ tvSr,f aoqkH;oGm; yJaeMuygw,f/ tpfrrSmvnf; HIV &NyD; aemuf ydkif;rSm tqkdyg obm0 &SdwJhtwGuf twlaewJh tcgrSm vGef tvSty qdkif&m cGJpdwfrIrsm; uGef'Hk;udk oHk;ygw,f/ oluaq; [m rSefuef ovm; rSm;ovm; aomufae&wJhtwGuf tpfrqDudk tp&Sdaom rights and wrongs of xyfNyD;ul;&if tck olaomufae& Cosmetic surgery taMumif; wJh aq;xufydkjyifwJh aq;rS &awmh tjiif;yGm;zG,f &mrsm; rsm;pGm rSmrdkYvdkY *½kpdkuf&ygw,f}} [k ay:aygufvmcJhw,f vdkY tifwm ¤if;uajymygw,f/ euf owif;rsm;u wpf qifh tckqdk&if olr[m &wemharwÅm urÇmwpf0ef; azmfjyxm;yg w,f/ tzGJUrSm tvkyfvkyf&if;eJY HIV eJY ywf a'gufwmrD oufwJh A[kokwawGudkvnf; trsm;BuD; od&SdvmNyD; tm;vyfcsdef rSmtdrfem;u uav;awGudk pmoif &if;eJY udk,fvkyfEdkifwJh tvkyfawGudk qufNyD; vkyfaqmifoGm;r,fvdkY qdkyg w,f/


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18

twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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LEARNING

20

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Phrasal Verbs (Bud ,mwGJrsm;) (34) Where did you go?

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(Magnetisation)

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(2) Once the dates were confirmed, I went ahead and booked the tickets.

without crowds of visitors descending upon us.

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PEOPLE

21

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22

ENVIRONMENT twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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IDEA

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twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

Satire Corner

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yxrOD;qkH; tar&duef oGm; ausmif;om; 1840 jynh f E S p f u tar&d u ef jynf odk Yo Gm ;í ykH ES dy fp uf cJ pmvH k; oG i f ; aom twwf y nmuk d oif ,lcJhol OD;tazmifonf yxrOD;qkHk; aom ynmawmfoif[k qdkEdkifay onf/ tar&duef wuúokdvfrS bGJU xl; rsm; qGwfcl;cJhaom yxrqHk; jrefrm ausmif;om;rSm armifa&Smvlqdk ol jzpfonf/ 1839 ck E S p f u tz OD ; a&T o uf trda':zGm;vSwdkYrS zGm;jrifcJhaom rGef trsKd ; om;uav; armif a &S m vl onf j refrmhordkif;ü xif&Sm;aom uAsm*Dwq&mBuD; jr0wDNrdKUpm;\ jrpfawmfoljzpfonf/ armifa&Smvlonf touf 17 ESpf om;t&G,fwGif tdE´d,jynf umv uwåm;NrdKUokdU oGm;a&muf ynmoif ol j zpf \ / umvuwå m ;ü 2 ES p f r Q ynm oifMum;NyD; EdkifiHa&;? tajc tae rNidrfrouf ojzifh tar&duef okdY ul;cJhonf/ armifa&Smvlonf ynmxl;cRefol jzpfojzifh armfvNrdKif NrdKU&Sd tar&duef ESpfjcif;omoemjyK q&mrsm;u wdkufwGef;apvTwfol jzpfí ,ck tar&duefodkY oGm;&mü vnf ; xd k t zG J U \ tul t nD E S i f h y if oGm;cJh\/ tdE´d,rS t*FvefodkY oabFmESifh oG m ;&mwG i f oabF m tcef ; Munh f vli,ftjzpf tvkyfvkyf&if; vdkuf yg oGm;cJh&NyD; t*FvefrS tar&duefokdY ul;aom oabFmp&dwfukdrl tar&d uefrdwfaqGrsm;u pkaqmif; ay; vSLMuavonf/ 1857 ckESpfukefykdif;wGif tar&d uefjynf e,l;a,mufNrdKUawmfokdY a&muf&SdcJhavonf/ xdkpOfu e,l;

a,mufNrdKUawmfrSm vlOD;a& woef; cefYom &Sdao;\/ t ar&duef jynf axmifpkrSmvnf; jynfe,f 33 jynf e,fom &SdNyD; vlOD;a& tpkpk 36 oef; om &Sad o;avonf/ aoG;acR;wdjYk zifh ½kef;uefc&Jh aom b0rS vGwfajrmuf cgp EdkifiHopfxlaxmifcsdef jzpf&m edik if H pD;yGm;a&;? ynma&;bufü tm; oGefí 0g,rpdkufaecsdefjzpfonf/ e,ll;a,mufNrdKUawmffrS ukefonf wpfOD;ESifh ygarmu©wOD;wdkYu ol\ ausmif;p&dwrf sm;ukd axmufyu hH n l D ojzifh xdkNrdKUrSwqifh vl0D;pfb*fNrdKU wuúodkvfokdY oGm;a&mufum oif Mum;cJhavonf/ aemiftcg b*feJ wuúokdvf[k trnfajymif;cJhaom vl;0dpfb*f wuúodkvfwGif 1858 ckrS 1864 ckESpftxd oifMum;NyD; 0dZÆmESifh r[m0dZÆmbGJUukd &&SdcJhavonf/ tdk,dkif,dkjynfe,f uvd(Af) viff NrdKU&Sd aq;aumvdyfokdY qufvuf um y nmqnf;yl;&mrS 1867 ckESpf wGif aq;ynmyg&*lbGJUukd &&SdcJhav onf/ bGJUrsm; ynmrsm;ukd qGwfcl;NyD; jynfawmfjyef rsufEmS vSvjS zifh1868 ckESpfwGif jrefrmEkdifiHokdY jyefcJhav onf/ q&m0efbGJU& y nmwwfu av; armifa&Smvlonf yxrOD;pGmaom jrefrmausmif;om; jzpf½Hkru yxr OD;pGmaom jrefrm- tar&duef cspf Munfa&; oHwrefvnf; jzpfcJhav onf / ol t ar&d u ef r S tjyef w G i f tar&duefor®w *Refqifu jrefrm bk&if rif;wkef;rif;w&m;BuD;xHokdY ay;yd k Y v d k u f a om cspf M unf a &; o0PfvTmukd o,f,lvmcJhonf/ Zmwd armfvNrdKifodkY a&muf&SdNyD;

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aemuf csufcsif;yif aejynfawmf odkY qefwufcJhavonf/ xdktcsdefwGif rif;wke;f rif; w&m;BuD;onf rEåav; Nrd K U u k d wnf a qmuf N yD ; pD ; ojzif h &wemykH aejynfawmf eef;NrdKUü pHae awmfrlNyDjzpf\/ cspfMunfa&; o0PfvTmukd o,f ,lvmaom jrefrmq&m0efuav; ukd rif;wkef;rif; w&m;BuD;u rSefeef ; aqmifwGif;odkY ac:,lum cpm;ap onf/ tar&duef or®wu ay;ykdY aom o0PfvTmukdvnf; auseyf pGm vufco H nf/ jrefrmvli,fwpf OD; pG e Y f p m;oG m ;vmcJ h u m ynm&S m cJ h onf ukd vnf; bk&ifBuD;u csD;usL; onf/ armifa&Smvltm; aejynfawmf ü yif aeap[kcGifhay;oem;NyD; ajrmuf O,smOfawmf&Sd taqmifwckukd ay; awmfrlonf/ armifa&Smvl pm;okH; &eftwGuf bk&if\ pm;zdak qmifrS yif rif ; rd z k & m;wd k Y pm;aomuf a om xrif;tkyfukd ay;ydkYonftxd csD ; ajr§mufawmfrlavonf/ okadY omf armifa&Smvlu r drd\Zm wd a rmf v Nrd K if a 'o&S d qif ; &J o m; rsm;ukd tvkyftauR; jyKyg&ap[k bk & if x H yef M um;cG i f h awmif ; um armfvNrdKifodkY jyefcJhonf/ armifa&Smvlonf tar&duefrS rd r d o if M um; wwf a jrmuf c J h a om ynmjzifh jrefrmvlxt k m; aq;uko jcif;? ausmif;wdkYü ynmykdYcsjcif;? y nm ydkif;qdkif&m pmtkyfrsm; jyKpkjcif; jzifh touf 75 ESpfjynhfESpfwGif uG,f vG e f o nf t xd Ed k i f i H \ wm0ef u k d xrf; &GufoGm;cJhavonf/ tar&d u ef e d k i f i H o k d Y yxrOD ; pG m oGm;a&mufNyD; ynmoifMum;aom

jrefrmwdik ;f &if;om; u&iftrsKd; om; rSm armifoefAsm;qdkol jzpfonf/ 1842 ckEpS u f ykord Nf rdKt U eD; &Gm i,f w&Gm&Sd v,form; wOD;rS zGm;jrif aomf v nf ; tar&d u ef ES p f j cif ; omoemjyK tzG J U \ tul t nD j zif h txufwef; ynmrsm;ukd qnf;yl; wwfajrmufaomtcg wuúodkvf ynm uk d quf v uf o if M um;vd k aom tmoDojzifh tar&duefEdkifiH okdY ta&mufoGm;cJhavonf/ 1865 ck E S p f w G i f tar&d u ef o k d Y a&muf&SdNyD; owif;pm a&mif;aom tvkyfrSpí tvkyftrsKd;rsKd; vkyfudkif um pm;0wfaerI udpöukd ajz&Sif;NyD; wuúov kd yf nmukdqufvufqnf; yl;cJhonf/ tar&duefjynf ½dkcsuf pwm wuúodkvfü 0dZÆmbGJUukd 1871 ckEpS f &&SNd yD; 1891 ckEpS w f iG f r[m0dZmÆ bG J U u k d qG w f c l ; um jref r mjynf o k d Y jyefcJhavonf/ u&iftrsK;d om;uav;armifoef Asm;onf v nf ; rG e f u av; armif a&S m vl u J h o k d Y tar&d u ef ü wwf ajrmufcJhaom ynmrsm;ukd jrefrm trsKd;om;wdkYtwGuf toHk;jyKcJhav onf/ ueOD ; u tar&d u ef o k d Y oG m ; a&mufum ynm oifMum;cJhaom jrefrmausmif;om;wdkYonf tar&d uefrS wwfajrmufcJhaom y nmwdkY uk d jref r mtrsKd ; om;rsm; tusKd ; twGuf toHk;jyKjcif;jzifh tar&duef - cspfMunfa&;ukd wdk;wufckdifNrJapcJh avonf/ OD;ndjra&;onfh jrefrmtar&duef qufqHrIrSwfwrf; a&Tvrf;aiGvrf; pmtkyfrS aumufEkwfazmfjyygonf/

Voices

jzLpifarwÅmt&if;cH olemjyKrsm; xHrSay;pm uRefrwdkUuawmh olemjyKrsm;jzpf Muygw,f?uRerf wdt Uk aeeJUa0zefjcif; r[kww f hJarwåm&yfcHtBujH yKawmif; qdck sifwmav;&Sv d Ukd,ckvkdav;av; pm;pm;ESihfajymMum;&jcif; jzpfygw,f/ jynf o l c spf a om pmayES i f h t Ek ynm&Sit f csKd w U \ Ukd use;f rma&;rdom; pk0ifrsm;tay: oHk;oyfcsufESifh toHk; tEIe;f tcsdK[ U mjzifh pdwrf csrf;ajrUz, G f awGUae&ygw,f/ uRefrwdkUenf;wl olemjyKrdom;pk0iftrsm; owdxm; rd M uwJ h t csuf (3)csuf E S i f h t wl wifjyyg&ap/ 1/ rMumao;cifurS rl;,pf aq;0g; &efyakH iGyt JG jzpf usif;ywhJ ]] ESi;f qD&if cGiftNidrfh }} xGufygw,f/ wpfaeUwm armyef;orQnOfu h srS ]]ESif;qD&ifcGif tNidrfh}} udk taqmifaeoli,fcsif; rsm;ESifh waysmfwyg; pdwftyef; ajz MunfhrdMuygw,f/ 'DvdkeJU 'kwd,ydkif; NyD;cgeD;rSmawmhapmapmuaysmf&iT rf I rsm; MuufaysmufiSufaysmuf jzpf oGm;&avNyD/ tm;vHk;yif pdwfrcsrf; romjzpfMu&NyD? em;Mum;rsm;vGJav ovm;xifí wpfcgxyf&pfNyD; Munfh rdonf txdyif/ jynfocl spfaom tEk ynm&S i f w d k U & J U [',&T i f a q;[m jynfoltm;vHk;udk aysmf&TifapcsifwJh

pd w f a pwem t&if ; cH & S d M ur,f v d k U ,HMk unfygw,f/ &nf&, G &f if;r&Sad yrJh ,ckawmhjzifh tzGJUtpnf;wpfck\ *k P f o d u © m ud k apmf u m;ovd k j zpf oGm;&NyD/ tJ'h D [',&Tiaf q;rSm vl&iT af wmf wpf jzpfvJ ½kyf&SifESifhAD'D,dk o½kyf aqmif rif;om;u ] nwa&;Ed;k .... ighao;tdk; .... r . oGefay;OD; } wJh 'Dawmh armif ... u ajymw,f ] rdu k f ½d k i f ; vd k u f w m ao;td k ; oG e f c d k i f ; & atmif ig u ( Nurse) r[kwfbl;} wJh aemufwpfcg vl&Tifawmfwpfjzpf vJ ½kyf&SifESifhAD'D,dko½kyfaqmif tqdk awmf rif;om;u xyfajymjyefw,f/ r... u ( Nurse) BuD;vm; ? teD vm; ? ? tjymvm; ? wJh/ rnfonhf t"d y Ü m ,f j zif h ajymjcif ; [k ppf p pf aygufayguf awG;aomfvnf; tajz r&ao;yg/ 2/ MumcJhNyDjzpfaomfvnf; &ifxJrSm raeU wpfaeUuvdk rSwfrdaeqJ tjzpf tysufyg/ 2000 jynfhESpf Edk0ifbmv xkwf oDv0bm oma&;r*¾Zif;yg ]] oGm;&mvrf;? vm;&mtusdK;wdkU jynfh pHk&ygvdk\}} qdkwJh aqmif;yg;wGif tvm;wlpGm zwf½IcJh&ygw,f/ ¤if; 0gusrS m ] qD ; ? 0rf ; rsm;rxd e f ; Ed k i f

ojzifh tnpf taMu; rsm;odr;f qnf; zdkU olemjyK q&mrwpfOD; toift h ae txm;jzihf apmifah e&onf } [kjzpfyg w,f/ 'D0gus[m aqmif;yg;&JU qdkvdk &if; t"dyÜg,fESifhvnf;rywfoufyg/ azmfjy vdk&ifvnf; ,if;0gustpm; ] usef;rma&;twGuf teD;uyf jyKpk apmifh a&SmufEdkif&ef olemjyKq&mr wpfOD; tNrJwrf;toifh&Sdae&onf } vdkU azmfjy&if ydkNyD;oifhavsmf r,fvdkY xifjrifrdygw,f/ olemjyKrsm;taejzifh &ifhoD;aom pum;pkrsm;tjzpf cHpm;&ygw,f/ ÓmPf&nfrjrifhaom tcsdKU? vlyk*¾dKvf wpfOD;OD;qdk&if olemjyKrsm;&JU *kPf od u © m eJ U wm0ef 0 wå & m;rsm;ud k aumufcsufcsrI vGJrSm;oGm;Edkifyg w,f/ usef;rma&;qkw d m tcsdew f idk ;f aumif;aeEdkifrSm r[kwfwm tao tcsmyg/tajctaet&apmifah &Smuf jyKpkol r&daS om vlemrsm;twGuf vdk tyfaom pepfrSefuefpGm jyKpkwwf aom olemjyKqkdwm avmutm; twGuf wpfaxmifhwpfae&m&mrS vdktyfygw,f/ tajctaeeJUtcsdef tcgay:rl w nf N yD ; wm0ef x uf yd k aom apwem? tepfemcH&rSm 0efr av;wJh rdcifpdwf tjynfh&SdvdkUom aqmif&Gufay;Muwmjzpfygw,f/ (3) aemufxyf 2009ckESpf rwfv xkwf ] ESvHk;om;&JU uGef;cdk&m } qdkwJh

vH k ; csif ; 0wå K pmrsuf E S m (21) rS Midwife (0rf;qGq J &mr) vkUd oH;k EIe;f xm;wmeJUywfoufvdkUvnf; xyf qift h BuHjyKawmif;qdyk g&ap/0rf;qGJ q&mrqdw k t hJ oH;k tEIe;f ,ckacwfü r&Sdawmhyg/ uRefrwdkU jrefrmEdkifiHrSm om;zGm; q&mr ( M idwife) ? trsdK;orD; usef;rm a&;q&mr (Lady Health Vistor) eJU olemjyKq&mr (Nurse) qdkNyD; &SdMuygw,f/ tm;vHk;u jynf ol v l x k u d k qif ; &J c srf ; omra&G ; ? vlrsKd; bmom? rdwfaqG &efolra&G;? usef;rma&;jyKpkapmifah &Smufay;ae olawG? usef;rma&;ukorI taxmuf t ul j yK ay;aeol a wG jzpfMuygw,f/ ae&m? Xme? wm0ef oifMum;wwf ajrmufxm;wJyh nm awGt&? olemjyKq&mr? om;zGm; q&mr? usef;rma&;q&mr&,fvdkU ajymMu&ayrJh OD;wnfcsuf? &nf&G,f csuf? wlnMD uwJh *kP&f nfwl rdom;pk 0ifrsm;yJ jzpfMuygw,f/ usef;rma&; jyKpkapmifha&SmufrIay;wJhae&mrSm vdkufem apmifhxdef;&wJhusifh0wf (Ethics) rsm;udk wdwu d sus vdu k ef m apmifx h def;wwfaMumif; trsm;jynf ol od&eSd m;vnfap&ef a&;om;vdu k f &ygw,f/ olemjyKaiGjynhf ESifh oli,fcsif;rsm;


IDEA

24

twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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twdwfukd jyefvnftdyfruf ruf Munhfjcif;

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armifopfvGif (vlxk)

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IDEA

25

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rdom;pkwm0efaus? EdkifiHom;yDoNyD; urÇmajrudk apmifha&SmufwJh vlom;

owif;pmrsm;

atmifb? armifvS aqG;aEG;cef; (71) pnfolatmifjrifh

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STATE OPINION

26

twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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NATIONAL NEWS

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c½kdat;&Sm;EdkifiH? a&G;aumuf yGJaumfr&Sifudk Ouú|wpfOD;? 'kwd,Ouú| av;OD; ESifh zGJUpnf;NyD;? oufwrf;rSm &SpfESpfjzpfonf/ aumfr&Sif\ Ouú| onf EdkifiHawmf w&m;olBuD;csKyfjzpfonf/ w&m;½kH;csKyftaxGaxGtpnf;ta0; wGif w&m;olBuD;rsm;xJrS oifhawmfol ESpfOD;udk aumfr&Sif 'kwd,Ouú|rsm; tjzpf a&G;aumufonf/ aumfr&Sif 'kwd,Ouú|wpfOD;udk tmPm&EdkifiH a&;ygwD odkYr[kwf tmPm&ñTefYaygif;tzGJUuvnf;aumif;? aumfr&Sif 'kwd,OuúXwpfOD;udk twdkuftcHEdkifiHa&;ygwD odkYr[kwf twdkuftcHñTefY aygif;tzGJUu vnf;aumif;? tqdkjyK&NyD;? c½kdat;&Sm;vTwfawmfwGif trwf trsm;pk\ axmufcHrIjzifh twnfjyKcefYxm;onf/ aumfr&SiftwGif; a&;rSL; udk aumfr&SiftzGJU0iftrsm; pk\ axmufcHrIjzifh rJay;a&G;cs,fonf/ twGif; a&;rSL;onf uRrf;usifrIqdkif&mtBuHay;yk*¾dKvfvnf;jzpfonf/ aumfr&Sif onf c½kdat; &Sm; EdkifiHtwGif;usif;yaom or®w a&G;aumufyGJ? vTwfawmf a&G; aumufyGJ? a'oqdkif&ma&G;aumuf yGJ ponfh a&G;aumufyGJrsm;tm;vHk; udk Oya'ESifhtnD pDrHcefYcGJ&onf/ aumfr&Sifonf oD;jcm; vGwfvyfaom EdkifiHawmftqifh tNrJwrf; tzGJUtpnf; jzpfonf/

ed*Hk;

c½kdat;&Sm;EdkifiHonf ygwDpHk'Drdkua&pDpepfodkY tcuftcJtrsKd;rsKd;Mum; wGif pepfwusul;ajymif;cJhonf[k oHk;oyfEdkifonf/ 'Drdkua&pDenf;us vGwfvyfw&m;rQwaom vTwfawmfa&G;aumufyGJrsm;? jynfolYqE´cH,lyGJ? or®wa&G;aumufyGJrsm;? a'oqdkif&ma&G;aumufyGJrsm;udk pepfwus usif;yNyD;? jynfolvlxk\ ppfrSefaom udk,fpm;jyKrIESifh EdkifiHudk xlaxmif cJhonfrSm jrifomxifomonf/ a&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif\ aqmif &Gufcsuf rsm;onfvnf; pepfusNyD;? bufvdkufrIuif;onf[k avhvmolrsm;u oHk;oyfMuonf/ xdkY aMumifh c½kdat;&Sm;EdkifiH\ 'Drdkua&pDxlaxmifrIordkif; aMumif;onf 'Drdkua&pDpepfodkY ul;ajymif;pEdkifiHrsm;ESifh ul;ajymif;NyD;? tom;rus ao;aomEdkifiHrsm;twGuf oifcef;pm,lzG,f? avhvmzG,f? usrf; pmtkyfBuD;wpftkyf jzpf aMumif; rD;armif;xdk;jyvdkuf&yg onf/ Reference: www.wikipedia.org http://countrystudies.us/croatia


28

NEWS

INTERNATIONAL NEWS twGJ 2? trSwf 15? 24 Edk0ifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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vmrnfh q,fpkESpfwGif èef[JNrdKU pD;yGm;a&;wpfqifh ckefwufvmrnf vmrnfq h ,fpEk pS \ f urÇmhb@m a&;tcsuftcsmNrdKU BuD;rsm; pm&if; wGifvef'efonf rdrdae&mudk w½kwf Edik if rH S&Se[ f NJ rdKt U m;vTt J yfNyD;wwd, ae&modkY a&muf&Sd oGm;vdrfh rnf[k we*FaEGaeY 'DZifbmv 13 &ufu ppfwrf; wpfckwGif azmfjyxm;onf/ Oya'a&;&mtzG J U t pnf ; wpf c k jzpfaom Evershed ua&;om; jyKpkxkwfjyefcJhonfh tqdkyg ppfwrf; wG i f taemuf u rÇ m onf ta&S U urÇm\ wdk;wufNydKifqdkifvmrIESifh &ifqdkifBuHKawGUae&onf[k urÇmh ppfwrf;vTmwGif ,ckp;D yGm;a&; acgif; aqmif r sm;u wif j y,l q aeMu aMumif;vnf; azmfjyxm;onf/ 2010 wGif rdrdwdkY\ pD;yGm;a&; tajctaeaumif ; rG e f v mrnf [ k ,H k M unf a eol &mcd k i f E I e f ; rS m ,ck &Se[ f J ESirhf rG b f ikd ;f rS pD;yGm;a&; vkyif ef;

&Sif rsm;wGif 90 &mcdkifE I e f ; ausmf aeNyD; vef'efwiG f 22 &mcdik Ef eI ;f e,l; a,mufwGif 35 &mckdifEIef; tm&yf apmf b G m ;rsm; Ed k i f i H jynf a xmif p k UAE wGif 69 &mcdkifEIef; toD;oD;&Sd aeaMumif; odkYaomf vmrnfhq,fpk ESpfwGif e,l;a,mufonf urÇmh eHygwfwpf b@ma&; tcsuftcsm ae&mud k quf , l x m;rnf jzpf aMumif; pef;xolrsm; odkYr[kwfEGrf; vsolrsm; Boom or Gloom [k trnfay;xm;aom tqdyk gppfwrf; wGif azmfjyxm;rnf/ ,ckppfwrf;udk vef'ef? rGrfbdkif;? e,l;a,muf? &Sef[J ESifh,lattD;wdkY rS0g&ifhpD;yGm;a&; vkyfief;&Sif 600 ukd ar;cGef;rsm;ay;ydkYar;jref;NyD; jyKpkcJh jcif;jzpfaMumif; od&Sd&onf/

&mwpfcu k dkcsKyfay;&rnf[kqdkonf/ xdkYtwGuf tDtvD0efBuD;csKyftae jzifh csufcsif;tdrfjyefcGifh&rnfr[kwf bJaq;½kw H iG f¤if;tm;48em&DcefYapmifh Munhf&OdD;rnfjzpfaMumif;od&onf/ tcif;jzpfyGm;onfh 'DZifbm 13 &ufaeYnaeydik ;f ubmvlpuked Donf rDvefNrdKUwGif usif;yaom tpnf; ta0; yGJ tNyD;ü trSwfw& vufrSwf rsm; a&;xdk;ay;aepOf vl wpfOD;u

tajy;csOf;uyfvmumrsufESmwnfh wnfu h dbk k &m;ausmif;wpfausmif;rS trSww f &ypön;f wpfcjk zifhwtm;vTJ í ½dkufcsvdkufjcif; jzpfonf/ tHhtm;woifh jzpfaeMuaom ol \ vufaxmufrsm;u um;jzifh csuf csif; aq;½kHokdY ydkYaqmifay;cJh aomf vnf; olbmjzpfoGm;onfukd yif oJoJuGJuGJ rodvdkufaom rsuf ESm wGif aoG;rsm;&TJaeonfh 0efBuD; csKyf

u jyefxxdik u f m um;ay:rS jyef qif; &ef BudK;pm;cJhao;onf/ ,if;jzpf&yfESifh ywfouf í &Ju 0ef B uD ; csKyf t m; wd k uf c k d uf c J h a om touf 42 ESpft&G,f&Sd vlwpfOD;ukd zrf;qD;vdkufaomfvnf; ¤if;onf pdwfa0'em orkdif;aemufcH&Sdol wpf a,muf jzpfaeonf/ rnfokdYyifjzpfap þjzpf&yfü 0ef BuD;csKyfbmvlpuked o D nftjcm;Edifk if H tBuD;tuJrsm;enf;wl oufawmf apmifrh sm;ESivk h f NH cKH a&;tapmifta&S h muf trsm;tjym; 0ef;&Hum uG,x f m;pOf wd k u f c k d u f j cif ; cH c J h & aomaMumif h tD w vD E d k i f i H \ vk H N cH K a&; tpD t rH rsm;ESihfywfoufí ar;cGe;f xkwpf &m jzpfaeaMumif;avhvmok;H oyfow l Y kd u ajymMum; onf/ wifEdkif[def; Ref: AFP (14 Dec,2009)

tar&duefESifh quf vufyl;aygif;aqmif &Guf&ef ajrmufudk&D; ,m;oabmwlNyD

ajrmufudk&D;,m; ('DyDtm&fau) taejzifh rdrd\ EsLuvD;,m; tpD tpOf t m; tqH k ; owf a &;twG u f tar&duefjynfaxmifpkESifh quf vufyl;aygif;aqmif&GufoGm; rnf jzpfaMumif; 'DZif bm 11 &ufaeUwGif xk w f a zmf ajymqd k u m a&S U r wd k ; aemuf r qk w f o m jzpf a eaom 6 EdkifiHpm;yGJ0dkif; aqG;aEG;yGJ jyefp&ef vdt k yfaMumif;vnf; oabmwlncD hJ aMumif; od& onf/ wdk;jrihf tar&d u ef o r® w bm;&uf Ref: BBC tdb k m;rm;\ txl;oHwref pwD;zif

abmh p f a 0gh o f ? NyH K ,rf ; od k U t vnf tywfa&mufcNJh yD;aemuf xkwfjyefcJh aomajrmufudk&D;,m; EdkifiHjcm;a&; 0ef B uD ; Xmeu aMunmcsuf w pf apmifxkwfjyef&mwGif ,ckvdk azmfjy xm;jcif;jzpfNyD;? 'DyDtm&fauonf usef&Sdaeaom oabmxm;uGJvGJrI rsm;usOf ; ajrmif ; Ed k i f o rQ usOf ; ajrmif;oGm;atmif tar&duefESifh tjyKoabmvkyfudkifoGm;rnf[k vnf;aMunmcsufu qdkonf/ ,if;onftr&duefu, kd pf m;vS,f ESifh ajrmufudk&D;,m; EdkifiHodkY oHk;&uf

aMumfjim

MumaqG;aEG;tNy;D üajrmufud&k ;D ,m; \ yxrqH;k tBudrf w&m; 0ifwek jYf yef rIvnf;jzpfonf/ tqdkyg owif;udk ajrmud&k ;D ,m;Edik if jH cm;a&;0efBu;D Xme ajymcGifh& yk*¾dKvf\ owif;xkwfjyef csut f m;ud;k um;íajrmufu&kd ;D ,m; EdkifiH ydkifowif;rD 'D,mrsm;uvnf; azmfjycJhaMumif; od&onf/ tar&duefESifhajrmufukd&D;,m; onf oabmxm;uGJvGJjcm;em;rI rsm; tm;yl ; aygif ; aqG ; aEG ; ñS d E I d i f ; aqmif&GufoGm;&ef twGuf ESpfOD; ES p f z uf tjyef t vS e f e m;vnf r I

euf½dIif;pGm&&Sd onf/ or®wtdkbm;rm;\ txl;oHw refpwD;zifabmhpf0ghofonf NyHK,rf; odkY 'DZifbm 9 &ufaeYwGif a&muf&Sd cJ h j cif ; jzpf í arv 25 &uf a eY w G i f 'kwd,tBudrfajrmuf ajratmuf EsLuvD ; ,m;azmuf c G J p rf ; oyf r I jyKvkycf ahJ omajrmufu&kd ;D ,m;onf 6EdkifiHpm;yJG0dkif;aqG;aEG;yGJodkY jyefvm &ef qE´&SdaMumif; atmufwdk bm 6 &ufaeYwGif ajymMum;cJh aMumif;od& onf/ wifEdkif[def; Ref: Xinhua (12 Dec, 2009)


INTERNATIONAL NEWS

29

twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

N*dK[fEiS hf Mu,frsm;tm; &SmazG pl;prf;rnfh 0dkufpfN*dK[fwk emqmvTwfwif urÇmhtjyifbuf aumif;uif,H pMu0VmtwGif; zHk;uG,fwdrfjrKyf ae onfh eu©wÅaA'qdkif&m N*dK[fESifh Mu,frsm; tygt0if t&mtm;vkH; ukd teDatmufa&mifjcnfjzifh us,f jyefYpGm &SmazGpl;prf;azmfxkwfay; rnfh 0dkufpf (Wide- field infrared Survey Explorer: Wise) trnf&Sd N*dK[fwkwpfvHk;ukd emqmu 'DZif bm 15 &ufaeYwGifumvDzdk;eD;,m; jynf e ,f Aef ' if b wf p f a vwyf tajcpdkufpcef;rS vTwfwifvdkuf aMumif;od&onf/ a':vmoef; 320 ukef usonf h tmumo pl;prf;a&; c&D;pOftwGuf 0dkufpfN*dK[fwktm; wifaqmifxm; aom',fvw f m-2'k;H ysHudkemqmu rGef;vGJ 2 em&D 09 rdepf wGif ypfvTwf vdkufjcif;jzpfum ,if;N*dK[f xku aumif;uifwpfcGif wpfjyifvkH; vif; vufawmufyaeaom N*dK[fodrf N*dK[frTm;rsm;? Mu,fwHcGefESifh Mu,fpk rsm;tjyif omrefrsufpdjzifh rjrifr awGUEdkifaom wdrfjr§KyfzkH;uG,fae onfh eu©wÅaA'qdkif&mt&m0w¬K ypö n f ; tm;vk H ; uk d y g ,if ; \ teD atmufa&mifjcnfo;kH rSeaf jymif;rsm; jzifh ,cifu xuftqaygif;rsm;pGm odomxif&Sm;pGm awGU&SdEdkifatmif &SmazGazmfxkwfay;Edkifrnf jzpfyg onf/ ]]ck uRef a wmf w d k Y taeeJ Y vif ; vufawmufyaewJh N*dK[fodrf N*dK[f rTm;awG? Mu,fpif? Mu,fpkESifh Mu,f wH c G e f a wG t jyif rjrif u G , f & mu eu©wÅaA'qdkif&m ypönf;awG&m aygif;axmifaygif;rsm;pGmukd awGU&Sd &zd k Y toif h j zpf a eygNyD } } [k ,if ; tmumo tpDtpOf\ tBuD;tuJ wpfOD;jzpfol avmhpftdef*svdpfNrdKU umvDzdk;eD;,m; wuúodkvfrS odyÜH ynm&Sif euf½u kd u f ajymMum;onf/ 0dkufpfN*dK[fwkwGif ajrurÇmtm; tumtuG,fay;rnfh tcef;u@ wpfckvnf;yg&Sdum ,if;rSm N*dK[f odrfN*dK[frTm;rsm;ESifh Mu,fpkrsm;u ajrurÇmtm; ra0;vSonfh tem *wf umvwGif 0ifa&mufwu kd rf d Edik f jcif; &Sdr&Sd qHk;jzwf&mwGif taxmuf tyHh jzpfaprnf[k oluqdkonf/ ypfvTwfvdkufaom 'Hk;ysH,mOf rS tmumoN*dK[fwkcGJxGuftNyD; 10 puú e f Y t wG i f ; rS m yif tif * sif e D , m rsm;taejzifh N*dK[fwkxHrS toHvTifh csufjycGufrsm; ukd pwifvufcH &&SdcJh NyD; cefYrSef;aemuf oHk;rddepfcefY tMum wG i f 0d k u f p f N *d K [f w k a ea&mif j cnf tm;oH k ; rd r d u k d , f y d k i f p G r f ; &nf j zif h urÇmywfvrf;aMumif;twGi;f vnf ywftvkyfvkyfvsuf&SdaMumif; od& onf/ wifaZmfEdkif Ref: Xinhua (15 Dec, 2009)

NAdwdefw&m;½Hk; zrf;0 &rf;ukd tpöa&;u [efa*&D0efBuD;csKyf a*:'Gef bwf(*sf)Edkif; ESifh awGUqkHjcif; jyif;jyif;xefxef wkHYjyef Interview

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rSm cdkifrmwJh b@ma&;tajctaeeJY tusyftwnf;uaexGufajrmuf vmEdkifwJEh dkifiHvdkY Merrill Lynch u ajymw,fAs/ b@maiGwnfNidrfrI t&awmh usKyfwdkYuxdyfqHk;rSm&yf wnf wJhEdkifiHwpfEdkifiHjzpfvmw,f aygh/ NW: vpö b G e f ; pmcsKyf u tD ; ,l &J U tem*wftwGuf wpfckwnf;aom a&G;cs,frIjzpfcJhwmvm;/ bwf(*sf)Edkif;: vpöbGef;pmcsKyfudk twnfjyKwJh yxrqHk; tD;,ltzGJU0if EdkifiHu [efa*&DEdkifiHyg/ 'gu uRef awmfwdkY&JUwm0ef,lrIudk xkwfazmf jyo&ma&muf ygw,f / a&S U q uf & r,fh wpfckwnf;aom enf;vrf;u awmh ydkrdkyl;aygif;aqmif&GufzdkY ydkrdkNyD; awmh nDnGwfzdkY vdktyf&if ydkNyD;awmh pnf ; vH k ; rI & S d z d k Y a ygh A sm/ wu,f v d k Y Oa&my[m olY&JU yx0DEdkifiHa&;t& Mo ZmtmPmudx k ed ;f xm;csifw,f qdk&ifawmh olY&JUNydKifqdkifrIudk tm; aumif;apjcif;jzifh ol&Y pUJ ;D yGm;a&;t& MoZmvTrf;rdk;rIudk qufxdef;xm; zdkY vdkygw,f/ tJ'Dvdk vkyf&mrSmvnf; ydkrdk aysmhajymif;wJh ajymif;vG,fjyif vG,&f w dS hJ Edik if aH &;pDrcH efcY rJG I vdt k yfyg vdrfrh ,f/ 'grSom vpöbGef;pmcsKyfu touf0ifrSmyg/ NW: tD ; ,l t aeeJ Y MoZmtmPm csJUxGifjzefYMuuf&mrSm ajcukef vuf yef;usaeNyDvdkY ajymqdkrIawG&Sdae Muygw,f/ bwf(*sf)Edkif;: oabmxm;uGJvGJrI 0da&m"dawG &efvdkrIawG &Sdayr,fh vnf; tiftm;BuD;rm;vmrIqdkwm atmifjrifrIwpfckygyJ/ 'gayr,fh uRef awmfwdkYtaeeJY twåvefwpf pnf; vHk;rIudkvnf; ajymqdkaqG;aEG;ae oifhygw,f/ bmjzpfvdkYvJqdkawmh NATO u ta&;ygwJh tzGBUJ uD; jzpfae w,f av/ 'D v d k t zG J U B uD ;awG xJ rS m yl;aygif;yg0ifjcif;[m wef;pDapmifh qdkif;jcif;eJY wlwmaygh/ tJ wu,fvdkY &nfrSef;csufBuD;BuD;xm;wJhvlawG (EdkifiHawG)u tpDtwef;BuD;u a&GU aew,fvdkY rjrifrd rMunfhrd&ifawmh olwt Ykd aeeJYtusdK;pD;yGm;awGqH;k ½I;H & rSmygyJ/ 'gaMumifhrdkY 'DvdkEdkifiHawGudk Road map awG ay;oifhw,fAs/ 'DjzpfpOfrmS taemufbufabmf(vf) uef E d k i f i H a wG u aemuf w pf q if h

tae txm;ayghAsm/ NW: wl&uDEdkifiHusawmha&m/ bwf(*sf)Edkif;: rJqE´awGt& awmh [ef a *&D E d k i f i H o m;awG u wl & uD eJw Y &if;wES;D &Sv d w S ,fvYkxif d &w,f As/ wl&uDEdkifiH[m vlrIa&;t&a&m pD;yGm;a&;t&yg tvm;tvmawG trsm;BuD ; &S d w ,f A s/ 'gaMumif h r d k Y tD;,ltaeeJY uRefawmfwdkY&JU yl;aygif; aqmif&u G rf u I kwd d ;k wufapr,feh nf; vrf;udk &SmazGoifhygw,f/ 'Dvdkenf; vrf;&SmazGrI[m ESpfawGvnf; Mum aumif;MumEdik rf ,fayghAsm/ 'gayr,fh wl & uD e J Y e D ; uyf a pr,f h tpD t pOf wpfckawmh xm;&SdzdkYvdktyfr,fAs/ N W : tD ; ,l u Ouú | topf w pf a,mufeJY tqifhjrifhudk,fpm;vS,f wpf a ,muf u d k a&G ; aumuf w if ajr§mufcJhw,faemf/ EdkifiHjcm;a&;rl 0g'tay:rSma&m EdkifiH 27 EdkifiHu oabmwlnDEdkifyghrvm;/ bwf(*sf)Edkif;: vpöbGef;pmcsKyf&JU t"du oabmuawmh tD;,ltae eJYEdkifiHjcm;a&;&mudpöawGrSm wnD wnGwfwnf;&SdEdkifMuzdkYyg/ 'Dtusyff twnf; umvu ay;wJo h ifcef; pm awGxJu wpfckuawmh uRefawmf wdkYtaeeJY urÇmvHk;qdkif&m tqifh taetxm;rSm ydkrdkyl;aygif; aqmif &Gurf v I t kd yfw,fqw kd mygyJ/Oa&my EdkifiHawG&JU bHktusdK;pD;yGm;eJY quf pyfaewJhxifomjrifomwJjh yóem ta&;ud p ö w csd K U v nf ; &S d a eMuyg w,f / Oyrmtm;jzif h &moD O wk ajymif;vJrIvdkudpörsdK;aygh/ NW: udkyifa[*if aqG;aEG;yGJuae &v'f w pf p H k w pf c k a y:xG u f v m vd r f h r ,f v d k Y 0ef B uD ; csKyf x if r d y g ovm;/ bwf(*sf)Edik ;f : udyk ifa[*ifaqG;aEG; yGJu wu,fhudk tcGifhta&;aumif; wpfckygyJ/ NyD;awmhvnf; &moDOwk ajymif;vJrIeJYywfoufvdkY wpfckck vkyfaqmifzdkY aemufqHk;tcGifhta&; wpfcktjzpf &SdaewmMumygNyD/ Oa&m yrS m cd k i f r mwJ h pk p nf ; nD n G w f r I & S d w,f/ umAGefxkwfvTwfrI avQmhcsrI vdkrsdK;awG aiGa&;aMu;a&;t& odod omom xnfh0ifvSL'gef;ay;rIrsdK; awG e J Y uRef a wmf w d k Y [ m ajymwJ h twdkif; aiGawGpdkufxnfhay;w,f/ 'gayr,fh'grsdK;udkuRefawmfwcYkd snf;yJ vkyfvdkYr&bl;/ uRefawmfwdkYeJYtwl yl;aygif;aqmif&GufzdkY tjcm;ta&; ygwJ h tzG J U t pnf ; awG Ed k i f i H a wG vdt k yfw,f/ 'Djyóemu wpfurÇm vH k ; eJ Y q d k i f w ,f / 'gayr,f h Ed k i f i H tvdkuf wm0ef,lajz&Sif;ay;&r,f/ tenf;qHk;&v'ftaeeJY vmr,fhv awGtwGi;f rSmta&;ygwhJoabmwl nDrIwpfckuae vufawGUuswJh tpD tpOftjzpf ajymif;vJ azmfaqmifypf Edkif&r,f/ jzpfvnf;jzpfoifhw,f/ 'DvdkrS r[kwf&ifawmh uRefawmfwdkY taeeJY urÇmBuD;twGuf tcGit hf a&; BuD;wpfcu k kdvufvw T q f ;kH ½H;I &ygvdrhf OD;r,f/ atmifaZ

(Source; NW)

NyD;cJah om aqmif;&moD *gZm urf; ajrmifa'otm; tpöa&;wyfzGJUrsm; u xdk;ppfwpfck qifETJcJhonfhumv u tpöa&;Edik if jH cm;a&; tjzpf wm0ef xrf;aqmifcJhaom wDZpfyDvpfAeD tm;NAdwed w f &m;½k;H wpf½;kH upaeaeY 'DZifbmv 12 &ufaeYu zrf;0&rf; xkwfay; cJhonfh vkyf&yfukd tpöa&; tpdk;&u t*FgaeY 'DZifbm 15 &uf wG i f jyif ; xef p G m jypf w if ½ I w f c scJ h aMumif; od&onf/ tqkdyg zrf;0&rf; rSm rpöpfvpfAeDNAd wdefEdkifiHokdY vm a&mufrnfr[kwaf Mumif;awG&U cdS NhJ yD; aemuf w&m;½kH;u ,if;zrf;0&rf;ukd 'DZifbmv 14 &ufu jyefvnf½kwf odrf;cJJhNyD; jzpfonf/ zrf;0&rf;xkwfonfhudpöESifh ywf oufí tpöa&;EdkifiHjcm;a&; 0efBuD; Xmeu tpöa&;EdkifiHqkdif&m NAdwdef oHtrwfBuD;udk ac:,l awGq U NHk yD; uefY uGuaf Mumif;ajymqdck o hJ nf/tpöa&; 0efBuD;csKyf bif*srifaewef,m[k uvnf; ]]0efBuD;csKyfa[if; tD[w G f td k v f r wf umuG , f a &;0ef B uD ; a[mif; tD[w G b f m&wfEdik if jH cm;a&; 0efBuD;a[mif; wDZpfyDvpfAeDwdkYukd w&m;½k;kH wpf½;Hk u qifah c:NyD; w&m;cH 0ufjcHxrJ mS xnhrf ,fh tajctaersKd; ukd uRefawmfwdkY b,fawmhrS vufcH rSmr[kwfygbl;/ uRefawmfwdkY[m tpöa&; EkdifiHom;awGukd &ufpufwJh &mZ0wfom; &efolawG&JU tEå& m,f jyKrIuae &J&ifah jymifajrmufpGm um uG,fapmifah &Smufcw Jh Jh tpöa&; vkHjcHK a&;wyfzGJU0ifawGukd ppf&mZ0wfrI usL;vGefolawGtjzpf owfrSwfwm rsKd;ukd b,fawmhrS vufcHrSm r[kwf

ygbl;/ NAdwdefrSm ay:aygufae wJh tJ'D t½kyfqdk; tusnf;wefwJh jzpf&yf udk uRefawmfwYkdvk;H 0 y,fcs ygw,f}} [k ajymqdkcJhonf/ rpöpv f pfAeDuvnf; ]]'g[m NAdwd oQw&m;a&;pepfukd ygvufpwdkif; w&m;vdkawGu rawmfrw&m; jyK usihfcJhwJh jzpf&yfyg/ 'g[m uRefrukd w&m;pGJwmr[kwfygbl;/ tpöa&; EkdifiHukd w&m;pGJwmvnf; r[kwfyg bl ; / tMurf ; zuf 0 g'uk d qef Y u sif wdkufcdkufaewJh 'Drdkua&pD 0g'Dtm; vkH;ukd w&m;pGJwmyg}} [k ajymqdkcJh onf/ ,refESpf 'DZifbm 27 rS ,ckESpf Zefe0g&D 16 xd qifETJcJhaom tqdk yg xd k ; ppf t wG i f ; vl a ygif ; 1400 0ef;usifaoqkH;cJhNyD; ,if;wdkYteuf xuf0ufausmfrSm t&yfom;rsm; jzpf o nf [ k ygvuf p wd k i f ; ES i f h vl Y tcGifhta&;tzGJUrsm;u ajymqdk xm; wdk;jrifh Muonf/ Ref: BBC

ql'efor®waMumifh jyifopftmz&du xdyf oD; tpnf;ta0;ukd zsufodrf; 'gzma'owGifay:aygufaeqJjzpf aom &ufpufMurf;MuKwfrIrsm; t wGuf wm0ef&Sdonf[kqdkum NyD;cJh onfh rwfvu tjynfjynfqdkif&m &mZ0wfckH½kH; (ICC) \ 0&rf;twdkif; vdkufemvkyfaqmifrnf[k ajymqdk xm;aom Ed k i f i H j zpf N yD ; tD * spf t yg t0if tmz&du EkdifiHtcsKdUurl (ICC) \ zrf;0&rf;ukd vdkufemrnf r[kwf [k ajymqdkxm;Muonf/ ,ckvtapmydik ;f uvnf;Oa&my or*¾ EU okdY 0ifcGifh&&ef BudK;yrf;ae

aom wl&uDEikd if o H nf tpöwefbv l f wGifusif;yrnfhtpövmrf rpf xdyfoD; tpnf;ta0; wufa&muf&ef zdwf Mum;onfol h rsm;pm&if;rSbm&S;D ,m; ukd csefxm;cJh&ef tD;,l\ zdtm;ay; jcif; cHae&onf[al om owif;wpf &yfxGuaf y:vmNyD;aemufql'efor® wonf xdktpnf;ta0;okdY wuf a&mufjcif; rjyK&ef qkH;jzwfcJhonf/ wdk;jrifh Ref: BBC


INTERNATIONAL NEWS

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olcdk;"m;jywpfpku u&mcsdNrdKU&Sd bPfwpfckrS ½l;yD;aiG 311 oef;ESifh wefzdk;nDrQaom EdkifiHjcm;okH; aiG a':vm 3.7 oef;udk 'DZifbm 14 &ufaeYwGif ckd;,lvk,ufoGm;cJh &m? ,if;jzpf&yfonf ygupöwefEdkifiH\ bPfv, k ufrrI sm;teuf tBuD;rm; qk H ; bPf v k , uf r I w pf c k jzpf y G m ; aMumif; od&onf/ bPfvk,ufrIonf u&mcsdNrdK\ U &JXmecsKyfESifh rDwm 100 rQyif ra0; aomae&m&S d ygupö w ef E d k i f i H \ tBuD;qkH;bPfrsm;teufrS wpfck jzpfaom ]r[mrdwfbPf} (Allied B a n k ) \ yif r bPf c G J w pf c k w G i f jzpfyGm;cJhjcif;jzpfum &JwyfzGJU\ ajym Mum;csuft& vk,ufrItm;acgif; aqmifolrSm ,if;bPfvkHNcKHa&;t apmifhwpfOD;jzpfaeonf/ &Ju trIziG phf pHk rf;ppfaq;aeaomf vnf; ,cktcsdeftxd zrf;rdolwpfpkH wpfO;D rQ r&Sad o;aMumif; ESiv hf , k uf olrsm;onf bPf\ t"duyifraiG wdu k cf ef;tm; azmufxiG ;f 0ifa&muf um ckd;,loGm;jcif;jzpfaMumif; od& onf/ trIwGif tpk&S,f,mta&mif;t 0,f? ukefoG,fa&;ESihf b@ma&;

jzpfaMumif; wHwikd ;f tpdwt f ydik ;f rsm; rSm rdk;'PfcHEkdif&nf&Sdap&ef prf; oyf ppf a q;cJ h N yD ; jzpf a Mumif ; bD b D p D owif;axmufc&pf,mefza&Zmu ajymqdkcJhonf/ vuf&SdwGif tD*spfESifh *gZma'o ajratmuf tajctaerSm qGpfZm vef 'defcJESifh o²mefwlaeonf/ taMumif ; rS m xd k e ,f a jrwpf c G i f wpfjyifv;Hk wGi;f rsm; OrifvP kd af cgif; rsm;ESihf jynhEf u S af eaomaMumifh jzpf onf/ xdkOrifvdkPf acgif; rsm;rSwpf qifh ygvufpwdkif;rsm;onf tpöa&; wdkY\ ydwfqdkYxm;rIaMumifh jywfvyf aeonfh olwkdYvdk tyfaom t&mrSef orQukd tD*spfEikd if H rS arSmk ifcw dk ifoiG ;f cJ h M uonf / od k Y a omf tpö a &;url ygvufpwdkif; ppfaoG;<ursm;onf vl r sm; vuf e uf r sm;ES i f h 'k H ; usnf tpdwftydkif;rsm;ukd xdkOrifrsm;rS wpf q ih f wif o G i f ; aeMuonf [ k pGyfpGJxm;NyD; xdk jzpfpOfukd &yfwefY oGm;atmifvky&f efolEiS hfNidr;f csr;f a&; pmcsKyf csKyfqkd xm;aom wpfcw k nf; aomtm&yfEdik if jH zpfonfhtD*spfEikd if H jynfe,fopfwpfck zefwD;&ef A[dk tm; zdtm;ay; awmif;qdkvsuf&Sd tpd;k &\ qk;H jzwfcsufEiS hf ywf oufí onf/ tdE, d´ Edik if aH wmifyikd ;f wGif uefu Y u G f wdk;jrifh qE´jyyGJwpfck 'DZifbmv 13 &uf u Ref: BBC jzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; od&Sd&onf/ tdE´d,EdkifiHawmifydkif; tif'&my &m'uf&jfS ynfe,ftwGi;f ajrmufyikd ;f a'oü vlOD;a& 35 oef;cefY aexdkif rnfh]awvef*gem}trnf&dSjynfe,f wpfckxlaxmif&ef A[dktpdk;&\ qkH; jzwfcsufudk qefu Y sifuefu Y u G af om u'favmif;? uGif;azmufcsKyf? zdwfpmu'f? vdyfpmu'f qE´jyyGJü vTwfawmftrwf rsm;u Colour Print, Scan xdkqkH;jzwfcsufukd qefYusif onfh a<u;aMumf o H r sm; atmf [ pf c J h M u onf/ ausmufwHwm;&Jpcef;teD;? ql;avbk&m;vrf;? oD ; jcm;jzpf x G e f ; rI wpf c k w G i f tdE´d, EdkifiH\ vufzuf t rsm;qHk; ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,f? &efukef/ xkwfvkyf&ma'owpfckjzpfonfh 'g

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vkyfief;qdkif&m ½kH;rsm;wnf&dSaom u&mcsdNrdKU trSwf 2 csef'&Dum vrf; ay:&SdbPfüud, k af &;tcsuftvuf tpkrsm; wifjyum tvkyfvkyfudkif aeaom bPf v k H N cKH a &;0ef x rf ; onf ¤if;wm0efusonfh 'DZifbm 14 &ufaeYtapmydkif;wGif bPfodkY a&muf&SdvmNyD; rMumcifrSmyif BuH &mygrsm;ESifh yl;aygif;umjypfrIusL; vGefcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ bPf"m;jyrsm;onftcif;jzpfymG ; csd e f u &S d a ecJ h a om bPf 0 ef x rf ; tenf;i,fukdBuKd ;rsm;jzihf csnaf ESmif xm;um owÅKrD;*a[quf&mwGif tokH;jyKaom tufqDwvif; "mwf aiG U r D ; ud k o k H ; í aiG w d k u f c ef ; tm; azmufxGif;um a':vm 3.7 oef;

wefzdk;&Sd tar&duefa':vm ,l½dkaiG ESifh pwmvifaygifaiG tygt0if EdkifiH jcm;ok;H aiGrsm;udk ,laqmif oGm;jcif; jzpfonf/ u&mcsdNrdKUwGif 2009 ckESpftwGif; bPf c k d ; ,l v k , uf r I w pf ' gZif c ef Y jzpfyGm;cJhonfhteuf ,cktrIonf tpDtpOfwus acwftrDqkH;azmuf xGif;vk,ufrIwpfckjzpfonf/ ygupö w ef w G i f 2007 ck E S p f u jzpfyGm;aom bPfvk,ufrIwpfck ü bPfvkHNcKHa&;tapmifhESpfOD;u ½lyD; aiG o ef ; 160 ES i h f nD r Qaom Ed k i f i H jcm;aiGrsm;tm; vk,uf,laqmif oGm;cJhaMumif; od&onf/ wifOD;opf Ref : Reuters

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*sDvifukef;jrifhrsm;ay:rS eDaygpum; ajyma*:&cg;vlrsKd;rsm;twGuf oD; jcm; jynfe,fwpfckESifh w&m;rQwrI &Sda&; awmif;qdkaeaom a*:&cg; ]*sefrGwfcwD azmfcsmygwD} (GJM) u vIHU aqmfxm;aom 4 &ufMum oydwf rSm pwifaeNyDjzpfonf/ A[dktpdk;&u xdkygwD\ awmif; qdkrIukd vdkufavsmonfh taejzifh jynfe,ftopfwpfck zefwD;&ef qkH; jzwf x m;&m xd k q k H ; jzwf c suf u k d rauseyfojzifh tif'&my&m'uf&Sf jynfe,f vTwfawmfrS vTwfawmf trwf tcsKdU EkwfxGufoGm;cJh Muum jynf e ,f t pk d ; &0ef B uD ; rsm; vnf ; &mxl;rS EkwfxGufpmrsm; wifoGif; xm;Muonf/ xdjYk yif Edik if H awmifyikd ;f ES i f h urf ; ½d k ; wef ; a'orsm;wG i f tMurf;zuf qE´jyrIrsm;ESifh oydwf wd k u f y G J w pf c k ay:ayguf c J h o nf / awvef*gem e,fajr\ tjyifbuf

tif'&m y &m'uf&Sf jynfe,f twGif; &S d Nrd K U w pf N rd K U j zpf a om ul E k v f w G i f vnf; &maygif;rsm;pGmaom trsKd; orD ; rsm; tpmiwf c H qE´ j yvsuf &SdaeMuonf/ wpfzufwGif jynfe,fopfazmf aqmif a &;uk d axmuf c H q E´ j yrI wpfck tjzpf 'g*sDvifa'owGif a*:& cg;vlrsKd; &maygif;rsm;pGmwdkY uvnf; tpmiwfcH wdkufyGJukd &uf tuefY towf r&Sd qifETJaeMu onf/ jzpfay:aeaomtajctaersm;ukd okH;oyf t ajz&Sm&ef tdE´d,A[dktpdk; &u jynfaxmifpktpdk;&? taemuf b*Fvm;jynfe,ftpdk;&ESifh (GJM) ygwDwdkYrS ukd,fpm;vS,frsm;yg wuf a&mufrnfh tpnf;ta0;wpfckukd ,ck v 21 &uf a eY w G i f usif ; y&ef pDpOfxm;aMumif; od&Sd&onf/ wdk;jrifh

xdkif; olvQdK\ jypf'Pfudk uarÇm'D;,m; bk&ifu vGwNf idr;f csrf;omcGiahf y; xkid ;f 0efBuD;csKyfa[mif; ouf qif &SeD m0yf\ yk*K¾d vfa&;avaMumif; c&D; pOfEiS hf ywfoufonfh tcsuftvuf rsm;udk vQdK0U u S pf ak qmif;NyD;xdik ;f tpd;k & t&m&SdwpfOD;xHodkY vTJajymif;ay; tyfaom uarÇm'D;,m;avaMumif; ydaYk qmifa&;vkyif ef; wGif tvkyv f yk f aeaom xd k i f ; vl r sd K ; wpf O D ; tay: uarÇ m 'D ; ,m;w&m;½k H ; u csrS w f xm;onfh axmif 'Pf 7 ESpf jypf'Pf udk uarÇm'D;,m;bk&if eD½dk 'GefoD[ rkeu d vGwf Nidr;f csrf;omcGihf ay;vdu k f NyDjzpf onf[k xdkif;tpdk;& ajymcGifh& yk*d¾Kvf wpfOD;u xkwfazmf ajymqdkcJh onf/ qD0g&ufcsKdoaD ygiftm; ,ckv 14 &ufaeYwGif ol\ rdom;pkESihf xdkif; EdkifiH\ t"du twdkuftcH udk,fpm; vS,ftzGJUwpfzGJUxHodkY vTGJajymif;ay; rnf[k ¤if;u qufvufajymMum; ygonf/ uarÇm'D;,m;0efBuD;csKyf [Geq f ef\ arwÅm&yfccH suft& qD0g &uftm; vGwfNidrf;csrf;omcGifh ay; onfhtrdefY 'D*&Dudk bk&ifu ,ck v 11 &ufaeYnaeu vufrw S x f ;kd ay; cJhjcif;jzpfonf[k ajymcGifh&yk*d¾Kvf cD,;l uef[m&pfuajymqdo k mG ;onf/ ,ckuJhokdY qD0g&uftm; jyefvnf vGwaf y;vdu k jf cif;rSm uarÇm'D;,m; ESifh xkid ;f Edik if w H t Ykd Mum; rpöwm ouf qifupd aö Mumifvtwef h MumqufqH a&;,kd,Gif;aecJhNyD;aemuf uarÇm'D; ,m;tpdk;&u xkdif;tpdk;& xHodkY cspf Munfa&; urf;vSrf;vdkuf jcif;jzpf onf[k ,lqEdkifaMumif; tifwm euf owif ; rsm;wG i f azmf j yxm; onf/ wdk;jrifh

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Ref : BBC


INTERNATIONAL NEWS

31

twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

wyfcfrifepöwef-w½kwf "mwfaiGU ydkufvdkif; w½kwf or®w zGifh vSpfay;

w½kwfor®w [lusi f awmifonf wyfcfrifepöwefEdkifiH rSrdrdEdkifiHodkY qufoG,fxm;aom obm0"mwfaiGU ydkufvdkif;opf wpf ck udk'DZifbm14&ufaeYwGif zGifhvSpf ay;vdkufaMumif;ESifh ,if;ydkufvdkif; zGiyhf t JG crf;tem;odt Yk qdyk g ydu k v f ikd ;f jzwfoef;oGm;&m A[dk tm½Sa'o EdkifiHrsm;rS EdkifiH acgif;aqmifrsm; vnf; wufa&mufcJhaMumif; od& onf/ wyfcrf ifepöwef - w½kw"f mwfaiGU yd k u f v d k i f ; zG i f h v S p f v d k u f E d k i f j cif ; u ,if;a'o ü abusif;\ MoZmt½Sed f t0g udk ydkrdkwdk;wufvmaponfh tjyif? w½kwfEdkifiHtaejzifh wpf[kef xdk;wdk;wufaeaom ¤if;\ pD;yGm; a&;twGuf vdktyfonfhavmifpm pGrf;tif &&Sda&;aocsm cdkifrmatmif a½SaY jcwpfvSrf;wdk;íyif jzpfaMumif; avhvmtuJcwfol rsm;uqdk onf/ ,if;"mwfaiGU ydkufvdkif; opfu wyfcfrifepöwefEdkifiH\ us,fjyefY rsm;jym;aom obm0"mwfaiGU rsm; tm; ½k&Sm;EdkifiHu umv Mumjrifph Gm pdwBf udKuftvkd &So d vdk vnfrsKdnpS &f ,laejcif;udkvnf; tqHk;owfoGm; apcJhonf/ w½kwEf ikd if o H nf wyfcrf ifepö wef tygt0if A[kd tm½Sa'oEdkifiH rsm; ESifh tusKd;wl ydkrdkyl;aygif; aqmif&Guf oG m ;rnf jzpf a Mumif ; ES i f h ,if ; "mwfaiGU ydkufvdkif; zGifhvSpfEdkifjcif; onfw½kwfESihfa'owGi;f rS rdwaf qG

Ed k i f i H r sm;tMum; wd k ; jrif h y l ; aygif ; aqmif&GufoGm;rnfh tcef; u² wpf&yfudk azmfaqmifay;cJh jcif;yif jzpfaMumif; or®w[lu ydkufvdkif; zG i f h y G J t crf ; tem;ü ajymMum;cJ h onf/ or®w[lusifawmifonf a'o twGif; c&D;wpfywfvSnfhvnfí t½Sn1f 800uDvrkd w D m(rdik f1100)&Sd w½kwftrsKd;om;a&eHaumfyakd &;&Si;f uazmufvyk f aom wyfcrf ifepöwef Edik if rH pS wifum OZbufupöwefEiS hf umZufpwefEdkifiHwdkYudk jzwfoef; oGm;NyD; w½kwfEdkifiH taemufydkif; pifusefjynfe,fwiG f tqH;k owf rnfh obm0 "mwf aiGU ydkufvdkif;tm; wpf EdkifiHcsif; tvdkuf zGifhvSpfay;aejcif; jzpfonf/ [l onf ,if;ydkufvdkif;\umZuf pwefEikd if t H ydik ;f zGiyhf JG tcrf;tem; odYk 'DZifbm12&ufaeYwGif wufa&muf íydkufvdkif;tm; umZufpwefor® wemqlvfwef emZmbm,ufrfESifh twlzGifhvSpfay; cJhNyD;jzpf onf/ ,if;ydu k v f ikd ;f wnfaqmufrItm; vHk; 2013ckESpf tjynfht0 NyD;pD; oGm; csdefü tqdkygydkufvdkif;rSw½kwfEdkifiH odYk wpfEpS v f sifobm0"mwfaiGU ukA rDwm bDvD,H 40 ay;ydEkY dkifrnfh tjyif qdkAD,uf jynfaxmifpk0ifa[mif; A[dktm½SEdkifiH rsm;\ ½k&Sm; tay: rSDcdk ae&rIrSydrk v kd w G v f yfciG hf&vmaprnf jzpfaMumif;od&onf/ wifOD;opf Ref: Xinhua (14Dec,2009)

t*FvefrS aoG;uifqma0'em&Sifrsm; aq;ay;a0rI cGJjcm;jcif;cH& t*FvefEdkifiHrS aoG;uifqma0' em &SifawGudk paumUwvefEdkifiHu tcrJh aq;ay;a0rIawG &yfem; vdkuf w,f vdkY od&ygw,f/ aoG ; uif q maq; vd k t yf w J U a0'em&Siaf wGukdtckvv kd yk v f u kd w f hJ jzpf &yfukd pmemaxmufxm;rIr&Sb d J rdkuf rJwJUqHk;jzwfcsufvdkY NHS u rSwf csufjyKvdkufygw,f/ q&m0ef r sm;eJ Y aq;ay;a0rI &yfwmudk qefYusifolawGu aoG; uifqma0'em&SifawGtwGuf rrQ wwJhqHk;jzwfcsuftjzpf tpdk;&udk jypfwifajymqdkMuygw,f/ aoG;uif qmaq;[m wpf E S p f u d k a ygif 3 aomif;ukefusNyD;? ESpfpOfvlem 300 avmufu aq;vdktyfw,fvdkY od& ygw,f/ vef'eftaemufydkif;? [ef; rm;prf aq;½H k r S y garmu© * Ref * d k ; vf r ef ; eJ Y aoG ; uif q ma&m*gapmif U a &S m uf a&;rS wdkeD*gAifwdkYu aq;&yfem;wJU qHk;jzwfcsuf[m tifrwefrSm;,Gif; NyD; vufcEH ikd zf , G &f mr&Sad Mumif; ajym

Mum;cJhMuygw,f/ aq;&yfe m;onfh N I C E rS ygarmu©yw D mvpfw*J Refu aps;BuD; vSwJU aoG;uifqmaq;xkwfay; zdkh&m vHkavmufwJhaiGaMu; tae txm;r&So d nft h jyifaq;tmedoif rSmvnf; a0'emudk xdxda&muf a&mufukoEdik w f t UJ ajctaer[kwf jcif; aMumifhjzpfaMumif; ajymMum;cJU &Sif;&Sif;oefY yg w,f/ Source: Daily Mail

a'ocHtBuD;tuJ jzpf vdkaom qD,m&mvD,Gef trsKd;orD; tMurf;zufuefY uGuf cH& qD&m,mvD,GefEdkifiH\ xkH;wrf; pOfvmygwD tkypf w k pfprk S tzG0UJ if rsm; onf a'oEå& tkycf sKyfa&;tzGUJ tBuD; tuJ &mxl;twGuf 0ifa&muf,SOf Nyd K if & ef trnf p m&if ; wif o G i f ; cJ h aom trsKd;orD;wpfO;D \ tdru f dk 0dik ;f ydwq f NYkd yD;tqdyk gtrsKd;orD;tdrjf yefí r&atmif wm;qD;cJhaMumif; od&Sd& onf/ qD,m&mvD,GefekdifiH awmif ydkif; a'orsm;wGif trsKd;orD;rsm; tae jzifh a'oEå& tkyfcsKyfa&; tzGJU tBuD; tuJ jzpf c G i f h & S d a omf v nf ; Ed k i f i H xm;&m t,f v D Z buf qif b D 0 g ajrmuf ydik ;f ESit hf a&SyU ikd ;f a'otrsm; aqmh*b f u kd xdOk ya'ukd ½kyo f rd ;f ay; pkwGif xdkudpöukd Oya'jzifh wm;jrpf &ef w&m;Oy a'aMumif;t& wkdufyGJ

0if&mrS ,ck tjzpftysuf ay:ayguf vmcJhjcif; jzpfonf/ rpö p f a qmh * f b d k o nf a'oEå & tkyfcsKyfa&; tzGJU tBuD;tuJ rdom;pk rS aygufzGm;vmoljzpfaomfvnf; trsKd;orD;wpfO;D jzpfaeaomaMumifh tBuD ; tuJ j zpf & ef t&nf t csif ; rjynhf0oltjzpf olr\ eDyif,mrm vlYtzGJUtpnf;u owfrSwfcJhNyD; ol rtm; olr\ wljzpfolukd a&G;cs,f cefYtyfcJh&m ,if;ukd rauseyfojzifh olru t,lcHvTmwifoGif;cJhjcif; wdk;jrifh jzpfaMumif; od&Sd&onf/ Ref: BBC

14 a,mufajrmufrpöpfwdkuf*g;0k'f ay:xGufvm zavmf & D ' gjynf e ,f ? 0,f v if wefrS x&DZma&mf*smqdkol trsdK; orD;[m a*gUzftausmftarmfwdkuf *g;0k ' f & J U 14 a,muf ZeD ; tjzpf ay:xGufvmaMumif; rD'D,mrsm;&JU owif;azmfjycsuft& od&yg w,f/ touf 33 ES p f & S d w d k u f * g;0k ' f eJ Y cspfZmwfvrf; 5 ESpf&SnfMumcJhwJU touf 40 0ef;usif&Sdx&DZmqdkwJh trsdK;orD;[m touftBuD;qHk;eJY umv t&SnfMumqHk;vufwGJcJUol jzpf w,fvdkY od&ygw,f/

0k ' f e J Y v rf ; cG J N yD ; aemuf t d r f axmifjyKcJUNyD;wJUx&DZmu tck tcg rSm0k'feJYjyefvufwGJEdkifa&;twGuf BudK;pm;aewJU 0k'f&JUwpf a,mufxJ aomZeD;a[mif;jzpf ygw,f/ x&DZm [m0k'feJYjyefvuf wGJEdkifa&;twGuf emrnf a usmf a&S h a e *vd k & D , m atm&ufukdrMumao;rDuiSm;&rf;cJ hNyD;? tqdkyg a&SUaeudkyJ 0k'f&JUyxrqHk; ZeD; a&cs,f ,lcsDw,fuvnf; jyef aygif; xkwfwJh Zmwfvrf;twGufyJ iSm; xm; wmjzpfygw,f/

ta&S h U u ZeD ; onf 13 a,muf taMumif;udk xkwfazmfrajym Mum; ayr,fU 0k'fuol&JUazmufjyef rI? pdwf tvdkrusjzpfrIeJY xdcdkuf cHpm;rIawG eJYywfoufNyD; ola*ghzf upm;wmudk tcsdet f ueft Y owfr&S&d yfem;csderf mS awmU cifyGef; aumif;? zcifaumif;? vlom; aumif;wpfa,mufjzpfzdkYt a&;tav;xm;vkyaf qmifomG ;r,f vdkYajymMum;cJUygw,f/ &Sif;&Sif;oefY Source: Xinhua

t½IH;BuD; ½IH;chJaom tD&D x&D;,m; abmvkH; toif; NydKifyGJrS EdkifiHokdY jyefrvmbJ a&Smifwdrf; xGufajy;ae tmz&du OD;csKda'o&Sd ql'efEdkifiH ESifh e,fedrdwfcsif; xdpyfaeaom tD &Dx&D;,m;EkdifiHrS abmvkH; toif; wpfoif;onf jynfyabmvHk; NydKifyGJ wpfckwGif t½IH;BuD;½IH;cJhNyD;aemuf upm;orm;tm;vHk; EdkifiHokd Y jyef a&mufrvmbJ toif;vdkuf xGuf ajy;wdrf;a&Smifum aysmufqkH ;ae aMumif; wm0ef&o dS rl sm;\ ajymMum; csuf t& od&onf/ tD&Dx&D;,m; abmvkH;toif; onf vGefcJo h nfh oDwif;ywfu uif nmEdkifiH ü usif;yaom ta&St U mz&d uESifh A[dktmz&du EdkifiHrsm; abm vkH;NydKifyGJ (Cecafa) wGif t½IH;BuD; ½IH; cJhNyD;aemuf ,if;abmvHk;toif; jyefvnfvdkufygvmrnfh av,mOf tD&Dx&D;,m;EdkifiHokdY qdkufa&muf vmcsdefwGif av,mOfay:ütoif; enf;jywpfOD;ESifh t&m&SdwpfOD;ukd om awGU&Sd&NyD; upm;orm; tm;vkH; aysmufq;Hk aejcif; jzpfonfqkd onf/ t D&Dx&D;,m; tpdk;&u tqdkyg owif;rrSeaf Mumif;ESihf,if;\abm vHk;toif; upm;orm;rsm;aysmuf qkH;jcif; r&SdaMumif; jiif;qdkcJh aomf vnf; ,if;EdkifiHab mvkH; tzGJU csKyfu Cecafa tBuD;tuJ eDudkvyf Zfrl qef,aD bmvk;H upm;orm;tm;vk;kH

edkifiHokdY jyefa&mufrvmbJ aysmuf qHk;aeaMumif; twnfjyK ajymMum; cJhonf/ Cecafa Ouú| rlqef,D\ ajym Mum;csuft& tD&Dx&D;,m;edkifiH abmvH k ; toif ; onf Nyd K if y G J w G i f ½I;H edrNhf yD;aemuf Ekid if o H YdkjyefroGm;jcif; rSm ,ck tBudrfonf wwd,tBudrf jzpfonf / ]]tD&Dx&D,m; abmvkH;tzGJUcsKyf uawmholw&Ykd UJtaumif;qk;kH toif; wpfoif;udk a&G;cs,fzGJUpnf;NyD; NydKifyGJ ukdapvTwcf w hJ mygy/J uHraumif;csif awmh 'Doil ,fawGupdwu f ;l wpfrsKd; ayguf o G m ;w,f xif yg&J U A sm}} [k rlqef,Du ajymMum;cJhonf/

]]'Du upm;orm;rsm;awG Ekdif½dk bD&UJ wpfae&m&mrSm &Sad erSm ao csm ygw,f/ tao;pdwftcsuftvuf awG pk H p rf ; NyD ; uRef a wmf & J u k d taMumif ; Mum;oG m ;ygh r ,f } } [k vnf; ¤if;u ajymMum;onf/ urÇ m h u k v or*¾ u vnf ; tD & D x&D;,m;EdkifiHom; &maygif;rsm;pGm vpOfEdkifiHrS xGufajy;aMumif; ajym Mum;onf/ okd&Y mwGif tD&Dx&D;,m; tpdk;&u ukvor*¾ pGyfpJGajymMum;csufrsm; r[kwf rrSef aMumif; jiif;qdky,fcscJh wifaZmfEdkif onf[k od&onf/ Ref: AFP (14 Dec, 2009)

tD&efodkY vufeuf arSmifcdkwifykdY&ef BuH pnfol wpfOD; tar&duefwGif axmif'PfcsrSwfcH& tD&efEdkifiHtwGuf vufeufrsm; 0,f,lum arSmifckdwifydkYay;&ef vQKdU 0Suyf ;l aygif; BuHpnfrjI zifh tD&ef vlrsKd; wpfOD;tm; tar&duefjynfaxmif pkwGif 'DZifbm 14 &ufaeYü w&m;½kH; wpf½kH;u axmif'Pf 5ESpfcsrSwf tjypfay;vdkufaMumif; tar&duef tpd;k &a&SaU eESihf trIvu kd f t&m&Srd sm; u ajymMum;onf/ trD,mtuúrDESifh t Jvufpfa'hAf [k v nf ; vl o d r sm;aom trD , m tm'DoDvDESifh ywfoufí tar&d uef vQKd0U u S af xmufvrS ;f a&; orm; rsm;u 5 ESpfMum pkHprf;ppfaq;cJhNyD; aemuf 2007 ckESpfwGif ¤if;tm;zrf; qD;cJhjcif; jzpfonf/ tm'DbDvDonf 2008 ckESpf arv wGif vufeufarSmifcdk a&mif;0,f rI twG u f tjypf & S d a Mumif ; 0ef c H avQmufvJcJhNyD; ¤if;taejzifh tD&ef EdkifiHtm; 'kH;usnfrsm;jzifh wdkufcdkuf cH&jcif;rS umuG,f&ef &nf&G,fcsuf jzifh aqmif&Gufjcif; jzpfonf/ tD&efor®w rmrGwftmruf 'DeD *sufu ,if;trItm; tD&wfEkdifiH e,f p yf u k d jzwf o ef ; cJ h N yD ; aemuf zrf ; qD ; cH c J h & aom tar&d u ef ajcvsifc&D; onf 3 OD;ESifh qufpyfrI &dSaMumif;vnf; ajymqkdonf/ trD,mtm'DbDvDonf ppf av ,mOftpdwt f ykid ;f ESihftydyk pön;f rsm; tygt0if vuf e uf r sKd ; pk H axmif aygif;rsm;pGmudk tD&ef okdY arSmifcdk wif ydkYay;&eftwGuf 0,f,lpkaqmif;cJh aMumif ; ES i f h ¤if ; tm; 2007 ck E S p f atmufwdkbmvwGif a*smf*sD,m EkdifiHü zrf;qD;&rdNyD;aemuf 2008 ckESpf Zefe0g&DvwGif ½kH;wifw&m;pGJ qdk&eftar&duef jynfaxmifpkokdY ydaYk y;cJah Mumif; 'Dvm0J,m;jynf e,f zuf'&,f a&SUae vufaxmufa&SU aecsKyf a';Apfa[mvfu ajym Mum; onf/ tD & ef E k d i f i H j cm;a&; 0ef B uD ; rm aemufcsmarmhwmuD;utar&duef ajcvsifc&D;onf &Sed ;f ol0g &Sm&m &Gwf ESifh *sKdUpf zufawmvfwdkYukd ½kH;wif w&m;pGJqdkrnf[k 'DZifbm 14 &uf aeYwGif ajymMum;cJh&m tD&ef onf tar&duefEkdifiHwGif zrf;qD; xm; aom tD & ef E d k i f i H o m;rsm; vG w f ajrmufa&;twGuf nd§EIdif;aqG;aEG; &mwGif ,if;trIudk toHk;cszG,f&Sd aMumif; avhvmoHk;oyfolrsm;u wifOD;opf ajymMum;onf/ Ref: AP (14 Dec, 2009)


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INTERNATIONAL NEWS

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twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

vl ig;ode;f urÇm vh lwkyaf uG;a&m*gaq; ,l&,fvfawmifwef; NrdKUwpfNrdKUteD; av,mOf ysufus ajrmufudk &D;,m;odkY ½k&mS ;avxD; ckef orm;6OD; aoqHk; awmifudk&D; ,m;EdkifiHay;ydkY ajrmufudk&D;,m;EdkifiHwGif urÇmh vlwkyfauG;a&m*g ul;pufjzpfyGm;ol 9 OD;&SdNyDjzpfaMumif; ajrmufudk&D; ,m;Edik if H ('Dyt D mau) u xkwaf zmf aMunmcJ h N yD ; jzpf a Mumif ; aemuf ? awmifudk&D;,m;EdkifiHu vl ig;odef; pmtwG u f umuG , f u k o &ef vH k avmufaom tar&duefa':vm 15 oef; wefzdk;&Sd ,if;a&m*gum uG,f aq; rsm;udk 'DZifbm 18 &uf aeYwGif ajrmuf u d k & D ; ,m;od k Y ay;yd k Y vd k u f aMumif; od&onf/ ajrmufudk&D;,m;taejzifh EsLu vD;,m; vufeufzsufodrf;udk a&S;½I OD;wnfonfh wdk;wufrIwpfpHkwpf &mudkrjyEdkifao;orQ ajrmufudk&D; ,m;ay;ydkYulnDrIrsm; &yfqdkif;xm; &efor®wvDjrefbufuydwyf ifxm; cJ h N yD ; aemuf ? awmif u d k & D ; ,m;u qif;&Jonfh ajrmufydkif; uGefjrLepf Ed k i f i H o d k Y tpd k ; & taejzif h ,ck taxmuftyHhay;ydkY ulnDjcif;onf ESpfESpftwGif; yxrqHk;tBudrfjzpf onf/ w½kwftqifhjrifht&m&Sdrsm;ESifh tar&d u ef o H w ref r sm;taejzif h vnf; ajrmufudk&D;,m; EsLuvD; ,m;jyóemajz&S i f ; a&; 6 Ed k i f i H pm;yGJ0dkif;aqG;aEG;yGJodkY ajrmufudk&D; ,m;jyefvnf0ifa&mufvmapa&; twGuf pnf;½Hk;azsmif;zs&ef&nf&G,f csufjzifh rMumrDu ajrmufu&kd ;D ,m; odkY tvnftywfc&D; oGm; a&muf cJhonf/ awmif u d k & D ; ,m;onf urÇ m h vl w k y f a uG ; a&m*gumuG , f a q; rsm;udk tat;cef;armfawmf,mOf x&yfum;rsm;jzifh ESpfEdkifiH e,fpyf ajrmufu&kd ;D ,m;bufjcrf;&Sdauqkef NrdKUodkY o,fydkay;jcif; jzpfaMumif; awmif u d k & D ; ,m; ES p f E d k i f i H jyef vnfaygif;pnf;a&; 0efBuD; Xmeu ajymMum;onf/ xdkYjyifawmifudk&D;,m; t&m&Sd rsm;\ ajymMum;csuft& ,cktcg ajrmufudk&D;,m;wGif urÇmh vlwkyf auG;a&m*gqufvufysHUESH ul;puf vmEdkifzG,f &Sd&m aqmif;&moDwGif

us,fjyefYpGm ul;pufusa&mufrnfh tjzpfrsKd;udk awmifudk&D;,m;u rvdk vm;[kqdkonf/ a&S ; ½d k ; pG J o abmxm; wif ; rm vmonfh awmifudk&D;,m;or®w vDjrefbuf\taxmuftulypön;f rsm;ay;yd k Y a &;ES i f h ywf o uf í pnf;urf;owfrSwfrItay: tvGef trif ; a'goxG u f p d w f q d k ; oG m ;cJ h aom ajrmufudk&D;,m;onf ,cif awmifydkif;rS ajymif;rsm;wifydkYrnfh tpD t pOf u d k vuf r cH j iif ; y,f c J h aomfvnf; ,ckaq;0g;rsm;ay;ydkY rIudkvufcHcJhaMumif; od&onf/ w½kwf'kwd, 0efBuD;csKyf pDusif yif;onf rMumrDuyif awmifudk &D;,m;EdkifiHodkY tvnftywf c&D; a&muf & S d c J h N yD ; ? ajrmuf u d k & D ; ,m; EsLuvD;,m; jyóem ajz&Sif;a&; 6 EdkifiHaqG;aEG;yGJ apmEdkiforQ apmpD; pGmjyefvnfpwifoifah Mumif;¤if;u wkdufwGef; ajymqdkcJhonf/ ajrmuf u d k & D ; ,m;u ¤if ; \ EsLuvD;,m; tpDtpOfudk &yfqkdif; &efESifh tjyeftvSeftjzpf ajrmufudk &D;,m;tm; taxmuftyHhESifh vHkNcHK a&; tmrcHcsufay;&ef n§dEIdif; aqG; aEG;aeaom 6 EdkifiH aqG;aEG;yGJ wGif tar&d u ef jynf a xmif p k ? ½k & S m ;? w½kwf? *syef? awmifudk&D;,m;ESifh ajrmuf u d k & D ; ,m; ES p f E d k i f i H y g0if wifEdkif[def; onf/ Ref: Xiuhua (19 Dec, 2009)

½k&Sm;EdkifiH ,l&,fvfawmifwef; a'orS csD v f , mbif h N rd K U teD ; wG i f 'DZifbm13&ufaeYuav,mOfysuf usrI wpfckjzpfyGm;cJh&m enf;jy q&m wpfOD;? ,if;av,mOf ydkif;avmh ESifh twl ½ k & S m ; avxD ; ck e f orm; 6OD ; aoqHk;oGm;aMumif;od& onf/ av,mOfay: wGif vdkufygvmol tm;vH k ; wpf O D ; wpf a ,muf r Q touf½Sifjcif;r&Sdonfh av,mOf ysuf u srI o nf tqd k y gaeY a'opH awmf c sd e f e H e uf 1 1em&D 2 rd e pf w G i f aumfuDEdkNrdKU teD; csDvf,mbifhNrdKUESifh 7rdkif(12uDvdkrDwm) tuGmwGifjzpf yGm;cJhumav,mOfonf 150rDwm (ay490) tjrifhrS puúefYydkif;twGif; ½kwcf sn;f xd;k usomG ;jcif;jzpfaMumif; ½k&Sm;a'oqdkif&mobm0 ywf0ef; usifvHkNcHKa&;0efBuD;u ajymMum;cJh onf/ ½k&Sm;EdkifiHvkyf T e c h n o a v i a SM92 NydKifyGJ0iftrsKd;tpm; taygh

pm; avh u sif h a &;av,mOf o nf rDwm 400cefYysHoef;oGm;NyD;aemuf ysufusoGm;cJ&h mav,mOfyikd ;f avmh \trSm;ESifh &moDOwk qdk;0g;rIwdkY aMumifhjzpfEdkif aMumif; tpdk;&a½SYae rsm;uajym Mum;onf/ ysuf u saom av,mOf o nf ayguf u G J rD ; avmif j cif ; rjzpf c J h

aMumif;ESifh 0ufbfqdkufwGif azmf jy xm;onf h o wif ; "mwf y k H t & ½k y f ysufqif;ysuf jzpfatmifysufpD; ae aomfvnf; aq;om;ta&mifrsm; yuwdtwdkif; &SdaeaMumif; awGU &Sd& onf/ wifEdkif[def;

ajcaxmufoefYèif;rIeJY cE¨mudk,f usef;rma&; qufpyfrIèd tvkyfrsm;wJh vltawmfrsm;rsm; [m ajcaxmufoef&Y iS ;f usef;rma&; udk *½kjyKzdkharhavsmYaewwfMuyg w,f/ w½kwf½dk;&maq;ynmt& qd k & if ajc axmuf u d k aeY p Of a q; aMumjcif;[m aoG;vnfywfrIudk aumif;rGeaf pNyD; a&m*gb, jzpf yGm; rI u d k umuG , f E d k i f w ,f v d k Y qd k y g w,f/ cE¨ m ud k , f u sef ; rma&;twG u f ajcaxmufoefY&Sif;rIu t"duus NyD; w½kwf½dk;&mt&qdk&if cE¨mudk,f udk opfyifeJYEIdif;NyD;? vufarmif;awG udkopfuikd ;f eJEY iId ;f NyD;? ajcaxmufawG uawmU opfjrpfawGvdkYrSwf,lxm; wmaMumifhopfyifwpfyif&iS o f efae rIrSm opfjrpfrsm;u t"duusovdk vlYcE¨mudk,f usef;rma&;twGuf vnf; ajcaxmufrsm;u t"du us wmjzpf ygw,f/ ajcudkESdyfe,fjcif;? avUusifhcef; vkyfjcif;? a&aEG;aEG;ESifUpdrfay;jcif;? aq; jrpfrsm;ESifUpdrfay;jcif;rsm;jyK vkyf ay;oifUNyD; obm0aq;tqD tESpf awGo;kH NyD; ajcz0g;ESyd ef ,fuo k jcif ; [mvnf ; aoG ; vnf y wf r I

aumif;rGefNyD; pdwfMunfvifvef; qef;rIudk jzpfapNyD;w,fvdkY od&yg w,f/ 40 'D*&DqJvfpD,yf&SdwJUa&aEG; ZvHkxJrSm aeYpOf 15 rdepfrS rdepf 30 avmuf x d pd r f a y;wm[m acR; xG u f a umif ; apNyD ; tat;rd w m?

wkyf auG;jzpfwm? ajcaxmufMuGuf wuf wmrsdK;awGudkvnf; oufom aysmuf uif;apum ydwfqdkYaewJU aoG;aMumawGuv kd nf;ajyavsmah p w,fvdkY od&ygw,f/ &Sif;&Sif;oefY Source: Shanghai Daily

H1N1wkyfauG;um uG,faq;onf ao qHk;rIrsm; emrusef;rI rsm;jzpfay:aponf qdkaom oGm;jcif; omjzpfaMumif; &Si;f vif;pGm odc&h J onf/ owif;rsm; tay: WHO jiif; qdk urÇmhusef;rma&; tzGJU WHO u ,cktoH;k jyKaeaomH1N1 wkyfauG; umuG , f a q;onf emrusef ; rI aoqHk;rIrsm;udk jzpfay:aponf [l aomtcsurf mS vH;k 0rrSeu f efaMumif;? Ny;D cJah omMumoyaw;aeYuaMunm vdkufonf/ vl 41 a,muf wkyfauG; umuG,faq;aMumifh aoqHk;cJh& onf[k owif; rsm;xGufay:cJhNyD; aemuf urÇmwpf 0ef;vHk;rS ynm&Sif rsm; oHo,&Sd aomaMumifh aocsm

prf ; oyf c J h & aom &v'f r sm;tay: twnfjyKEdkifcJh jcif;jzpfonf/ vwf w avm wcsd K U p rf ; oyf p pf aq;csufawGu qufvuf vkyfae qJ qdak yr,fh'D H1N1 umuG,af q; aMumif h aoqH k ; rI j zpf a pEd k i f w ,f qdkwm r[kwfrSef; oufaojyEdkifNyD jzpfygw,f}} [k urÇmhusef;rma&; tzGUJ\ umuG,faq;qdkif&m xdyf wef;uRrf;usifol wpfOD;jzpfaom rm&DaygvfudkifrDrS ajymMum;cJo h nf/

NyD;cJhwhJ &ufydkif;u w½kwftmPm ydkifrsm;u umuG,faq;xdk;olrsm; xJwGif 2 OD;aoqHk;NyD; 15 a,muf udk qd;k qd;k 0g;0g;emrusef;jzpfaponf[k urÇmodkY tpD&ifcHcJhjcif; tay: urÇmh usef;rma&;tzGJUrS aoqHk;cJh&olrsm;

wGif aorIaocif; ppfaq;rIrsm; jyK vkyfcJh&onf/ xdktcg aoqkH;olrsm; onf umuG,af q; xd;k jcif;aMumifh aoqH;k cJ&h jcif; r[kwfbJ ¤if;wdw kY Gif &SdNyD;om; tjcm;a&m*grsm;aMumifh aoqHk;& jcif;jzpfaMumif;? wdkufqdkif

xdt Yk jyif Guillain-Barre a&m*gpk [k ac:aom tzsm;tem a&m*gwpfck ck jzpfNyD; aemufydkif; taMumrsm;ao oGm;wwfaom a&m*gpkrSmvnf; wkyfauG;umuG,f aq;ESifh qufpyf onf [k oHo, jzpfp&mvlem q,f OD;cefY awGU&SdchJ& aomfvnf; uko& rcufbJ ,cktcg jyefaumif;oGm;NyD jzpfaMumif; rm&Du qufvuf ajym jy cJhygonf/ qufydkifvif;cefY (aq;-2)

tmz*ef wmvDbefrsm; xdef;odrf;xm;aom tusOf;om;rsm;udk tkdifpDtmpDu yxrqkH;tBudrf awGUqkHcGifh& tjynf j ynf q d k i f & m Muuf a jceD k pf m;vS,f aumfrwD (ICRC) \ ud, rsm;onf tmz*efepöwefEdkfifiHrS wm vD b ef w d k Y zrf ; qD ; xd e f ; od r f ; xm; aom tusOf;om;rsm;ESifh yxrqkH; tBudrf tjzpf oGm;a&mufawGUqkHcGifh &&SdcJhonf[k 'DZifbmv 15 &ufaeY wGif aumfrwD\ t&m&Srd sm;u xkwf azmfajymqdkcJhMuonf/ buf*pöjynfe,ftwGif; wmvD befwYkd xde;f odr;f xm;aom tmz*ef tpdk;&\vkHjcHKa&; wyfzGJU0if 3 OD;ukd (ICRC) \ udk,fpm;vS,frsm; ESpf Bud r f w d k i f w d k i f awG U q k H c J h j cif ; jzpf aMumif; od&Sd&onf/ bufrvdkuf Mum;ae tzGJUtpnf; wpf c k j zpf a om ( I C R C ) onf tusOf;om;rsm;\ tajctaeESifh ¤if;wdkYtay: tmPmydkifrsm;\ jyKrl q ufqyH rHk sm;ukdavhvmppfaq; &ef urÇmwpfvTm;rS tusOf;om;rsm; xHokdY ykHrSefoGm;a&mufawGUqkHaomf vnf; ,if;\awG&U cdS sufrsm;ukd xkwf jyefavhr&Sday/ tmz*efepöwefukd q dkAD,uf u usL;ausmf0ifa&mufcJhaom 1979 ckESpfrSpí xdkEdkifiHwGif vkyfief;rsm; aqmif&GufaecJjh cif;aMumifh (ICRC) onf tar&d u ef OD ; aqmif a om *kP d ;f pkn H eT aYf ygif;wyfzu UJG wmvDbef tpd k ; &uk d jzKwf c scJ h a om 2001 tmz*ef ppfyGJ pwifcJhcsdefrSpí ,aeY txd xdkEdkifiHtwGif;&Sd xdef;odrf;a&; wm0efcH 136 ckokdY oGm;a&muf avh vmcJhNyD; jzpfum tu sOf;om;aygif; 16000 ausmfukd rSwfykHwif xm;Edkif cJhNyD; jzpfaMumif ;od&Sd&onf/ wdk;jrifh Ref: BBC


34 twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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INTERNATIONAL NEWS twGJ 2? trSwf 19? 22 'DZifbm 2009? t*FgaeY

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&EkdifMuzdkYyJ}} [k azhpfbGwfrS ajymqdk cGifh&Sdolu ajymonf/ þwGif *l*v J \ f aMunm wpfck rSm ukrÜPDrsm;? emrnfBuD; ½kyf&Sifo½kyf aqmifrsm;rS zefwD;xm;aom azhpf bGwfpmrsufESmrsm;rS a'wmrsm; tm; tuef Y t owf jyKvk y f x m; aomf v nf ; ? ¤if ; \ r e a l - t i m e search qDokYd a'wmrsm;tm; azhpf bGwfESifhcsdwfqufzdkY jyKvkyfae onf [k qdkxm;onf/ xdkYenf;wlpGm qdk&S,frD'D,m pkduf wpfckjzpfaom Twitter rSmvnf; owif;tcsuftvuftm;vHk;tm; vlxkjrifEdkifatmif jyKvkyfaeonf/ ,cktcgwGif azhpfbGwftaejzifh ¤if;\ qdkufwGif feature topf rsm; tm; xyfavmif;jznfhvkduf ojzifh ½Iyaf xG;rIrsm;vnf; jzpfvm Edik o f nf [k od&onf/ a0pE´mausmf Source: BBC

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