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Introduction to the Greatest Breed on Earth! Taster ... and the paramedics took him straight to the A & E in Hereford. To my dismay one of the many tests showed John positive for Covid-19! Last update Johns been moved to in intensive care on oxygen and now sedated. John tells me the staff at the Hereford Hospital have been truly amazing.

I've known John T. Vaughan for many years. In the early days I printed his catalogues for his Vorn Poll Herefords herd. He left for Australia for better things but when he returned several years later he found himself short of something to do; so he thought he'd write a book and in 10 days produced 'Bovine Show Biz' and we printed it in another 14days. It turned out to be the best seller on its subject that's ever been written. He has sold over 4,995 out of 5,000 copies, the last reprint almost completely sold out, which in this rarefied field is huge! John thought that writing a book was a doddle! So he decided to write another! 10yrs ago he started writing 'The Greatest Breed on Earth' and found to his dismay it was it wasn't! After a few stops and starts over the years he thought he'd finally finished writing it in January 2020, but there's been a serious labour of love getting it finished. I can vouch for that, with COVID-19 being a serious issue John and I shared computer screens over the internet, totalling over 450hours, laying out the text inserting pictures and re-writing parts of the text to ensure a perfect fit! Finally Tuesday 17th November 2020 John gave the Go-Ahead to the printers to print. That evening John rang his cousin, Brian Shorney exhead of Defra, to tell him that the book was finished and he joked that he would be happy to die knowing that his work was going to be out there! Little did he know what was just around the corner waiting for him! John rang me on the Friday sounding totally not himself. I knew something serious was going down, having spent 5-6hrs each day on the phone whilst our screen sharing was on, so I told him I was getting an ambulance to come and fetch him and that I'd ring back in 10mins. I rang 999, giving them his symptoms, which sounded like gastroenteritis with complications. They rushed an ambulance to John

The price of 'The Hereford – The Greatest Breed on Earth' (all staff in the corona virus ward Hereford get 20% discount) Brian D. Hayward-Hughes Book Designer & Friend Mob: 07886 564 713

http://hereford-bull.co.uk/shop/ Price £54 Including P & P to UK £60 Including P & P to Ireland £66 i

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The Hereford

The Greatest Breed on Earth

A history of Hereford cattle in Great Britain and overseas by T. John Vaughan email: sales@hereford-bull.co.uk Mob: 07886 564 713

Contents Chap Foreword Introduction 1 Early breeders 2 1840s 3 1850s 4 1860s 5 1870s 6 1880s 7 1890s 8 1900s 9 1910s 10 1920s 11 1930s 12 1940s 13 1950s

Page Chap ii 14 1960s 1 15 1970s 4 16 1980s 18 Lies, damn lies & statistics 24 17 1990s 29 Sires of the nineties 36 18 2000s 43 Sires 2000 to 2016 55 19 2010 to 2016 63 Epilogue 75 Index of breeders etc. 91 Index of herdsmen 109 Index of notable bulls 125 Acknowledgements 143 Abbreviations

Published by Croft Books 2020 All rights reserved and copyright held by Croft Books No part of this publication may be used, stored or transmitted in any form or by any means without permission in writing from the publisher Moorside, Bodenham, Herefordshire. HR1 3HT

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Page 179 213 265 304 308 330 332 368 372 407 409 412 413 414 414


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Broad Street, Hereford in the late 1800’s v

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Foreword by Bill Wiggin MP

This book is a real treasure and I was delighted to be asked to write this foreword. T John Vaughan is an established expert breeder and author, and his first book ‘Bovine Showbiz’ is a mine of useful tips on preparing cattle for the show and sale rings. John has won every award there is in the Hereford cattle world, other than Supreme Champion at the Royal Show, being Reserve on three occasions. If that was not enough John and his father won the Herd of the Year trophy six times and were ten times owners or co- owners of the Sire of the Year. John tells me though that his proudest moment was in 2015 when the Breed was starting its resurgence. He had just realised that you could check pedigrees on the Society’s data base and checked the 120 cattle entered for the April Sale. Of the 120 entries 112 were polls and 85, (76%) contained Vorn sires. 30 years after he had sold his herd there were 13 Vorn sires in the pedigrees plus 3 of the original Moor horned herd. Thus there were 16 bulls he had bred fed and led and could still picture in his mind’s eye. Seeing the history and evolution of the breed, and John’s part in it, through his eyes is a privilege. For me this journey is a triumph for Herefordshire, not only for it’s farmers but the phenomenal success and worldwide appreciation of the most iconic breed ever. The success behind John’s tremendous work is not only his knowledge of the animals, but also in his acquaintance with fellow breeders, that have come to life in this story. It will transport you back through the centuries. Yet today when you travel the county you will see all the names of places made famous by the breed. The land is the same but the farms have modern buildings and many of the old cattle sheds are now attractive homes occupied by human Herefordians. For me as a young politician from a farming background I first found the magic of Hereford breeding in 2003. This pattern of history repeating itself runs so strongly through this book. The cattle are related but so are the farmers and because of this, the fierce competition which runs between breeders is not personal but is transferred to their animals leaving a society of people who are kind, helpful and welcoming. I attribute this wonderful humility and charm, in a very large part, to the success of the breed. You will read about the Kings, millionaires and politicians and how much they paid for their animals and how and why they won prizes for their stock.

Today working in the House of Parliament, I am in good company being the thirtieth known Hereford breeding MP or Lord to have served there. Like John and the Vorn herd there are many outstanding individuals too who shaped the breed as it evolved. The legend of Captain de Quincey and the change in shape that the breed underwent are all explained. The success continues today when Hereford beef steaks won the Which report “Best Buy” in Waitrose as well as in Co-op. No other breed can compare. In this moment in history, as we leave the European Union and its Common Agricultural policy we face huge changes. The media fills with stories of vegetarian and veganism, encouraging and persuading young people to avoid meat. They will fail! The need to put expensive grains into cattle that are less tasty is a feature of British supermarkets which I look forward to leaving behind as people make better informed choices. We as Herefordians are enormously proud of the breed that carries our name. Like John himself and all he has accomplished with the Hereford breed, it runs back into our history and into the fibre of who we really are. It complements our appreciation of our countryside and the wisdom and skill our forebears had with their animals. We are Herefordshire, this is the story of our cattle and John is absolutely right with his choice of title it is the greatest breed on earth!

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Introduction How could a breed of cattle with unique markings who, originating from an area of fourteen miles by 10, evolve to be the most efficient producer of quality beef and spread globally to become the most numerous beef breed in the world? These cattle have adapted and thrived all over the United Kingdom as well as the arid conditions of Australia; the plains of South America, lush pastures of New Zealand, harsh winters of Canada and the huge beef fattening feedlots of USA, besides numerous other farming systems, for example, producing prime beef cattle when used on dairy cows.

In the days before the enclosure act the cattle grazed common ground and came back into the safety of the court at night, hence the number of farms in the county called Court.

What was unique about these cattle from this small area? Why were the cattle of Hereford more sought after than those from Devon, Midlands or the North of England? Cattle have been bred around Hereford since man first domesticated wild oxen. Originally they were bred to be used as draught animals which after four to six years in the yoke were slaughtered for their meat. Herefordshire was an isolated place in mediaeval times. The land along the Lugg and Wye rivers was the first to be farmed being the most fertile and the rest of the county was covered in forest.

A typical Herefordshire court

It is also noticeable that along the Wye and Lugg the Courts are more numerous. In my home village of Bodenham we still have Bodenham Court; Maund Court; Rowberry Court; Bowley Court; Houghton Court; Moor Court; Devereux Court and Broadfield Court. Further away from the river there are fewer These early farmers were mostly tenants to big estates, with maybe only a single Court in each village. owned by the churches and a few land-owners, who had been given tracts of land for service for their kings. Other than paying the tithe these early Herefordians They paid their rent and lived in farms called courts. were virtually self-sufficient and their worlds evolved These were not courts of justice but cattle courts, around their cattle and crops. Besides these cattle where the stock were brought at night for safety. doing all the draught work they provided milk; Cattle would have been their main capital other than butter; cheese; meat; fat; leather and numerous other crops and a few tools and implements which would supplies including drinking horns, as no part of the have consisted of a plough, some sort of harrows carcase was wasted. Other than wool the only revenue and a wagon, perhaps if they were better off in later for these early farmers would have been the old oxen years a horse and carriage to take the wife to church and barren cows that would be sold in Hereford for or market. There were very few who would own a graziers to fatten for the London market. horse to pull such a fancy carriage as the ploughing and hauling was done by the oxen. No tractors; quad Herefordshire developed from the centre outwards as bikes; combine harvesters; or even mowers, just a few the forests were felled. There was little contact with scythes. the outside world other the occasional marauding Welsh and thus the humans and the cattle were quite It was before the days when anyone found guilty of an inbred lot. After the Normans the only outcrosses sheep stealing was sent to Australia. What they did with to man and beast would probably have been the cattle thieves would have been far more severe and, in occasional addition of Welsh blood from drovers and those early days Welsh bandits had a habit of riding into cattle passing through the county. Herefordshire and picking up some choice beef. These early cattle were selected by their breeders 1

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Chapter One - Early Breeders

Benjamin Tomkins the elder and son of Kings Pyon and Wellington, William Galliers of Wigmore, The Tully family of Huntington, Thomas Knight of Downton Castle, John Price of Ryall, William and John Hewer of Northleach, Monmouth Hereford and The Vern. The first Royal Show of 1839 where Cotmore wins for Thomas Jeffries. It was at this time that the Tomkins family started their breeding around Weobley. Benjamin the Elder was born in 1714 and, although there are very few records, we do know that he was bequeathed one cow, ‘Silver’, and her calf in his father Richard’s will. The Tomkins family were of considerable note and included politicians representing both Leominster and Weobley in Parliament. In fact, the Tomkins’ were the first of numerous MPs to become involved in the breed, as well as monarchs, Lords and US presidents, plus a Chairman of the House of Representatives and

a Prime Minister. It was a sign of the value they put on their cattle that Richard Tomkins should mention a cow in his will. With the increased demand for Herefordshire cattle by the graziers of Oxfordshire, Berkshire and Midlands and the extra money they were paying for younger meatier cattle, Benjamin Tomkins the Elder seems to have been the first person in the world to methodically breed and select for beef. He started breeding some ten years before Richard Bakewell started his work

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with Longhorn cattle and Leicester sheep and twenty-five years before Collings of Shorthorn fame. Tomkins was ultimately far more successful than the more illustrious Bakewell in that the descendants of his cattle spread all over the country as well as the rest of the world, while the Longhorns became a minority breed. Despite being scholars Benjamin the Elder, and later his son Benjamin the Younger, never kept any records of the ancestry of their cattle and it is believed that they considered them trade secrets. The herd was based on three female lines; Silvers tracing back to the cow in the will, plus Pigeons and Mottles. The source of the latter two is not recorded but later generations of the Tomkins family stated that when Benjamin Tomkins the Elder saw a cow he liked he bought her. Herefordshire folklore has it that these two females came from the local wheelwright and after Ben had tried unsuccessfully for a number of years to buy them was only able to when the wheelwright came upon hard times. I was always led to believe that Benjamin junior first came across these two cows when he was working for his uncle, and noticed that two cows that had been bought at Kington market were very productive milkers and once they had finished their lactations had an ability to fatten up at an astonishing rate and when Benjamin married his uncle’s daughter, they formed part of a dowry. The cattle of these days were a mixture of colours ranging from complete red to roan, some with white backs, some having mottled faces but none whose markings would be recognised as a modern Hereford. No selection was made for colour, probably because these salt of the earth farmers considered other traits far more important.

Benjamin Tomkins the Younger In October 1808 Benjamin held a sale at Wellington Court at which the auctioneer announced, ‘For sale, the following valuable and much admired stock, the property of Benjamin Tomkins, who is going to decline breeding cattle, consisting of twenty capital cows and heifers. The above stock is of the same breed which has for many years been so much admired, and allowed by competent judges to be equal if not superior to most in the kingdom’. The twelve cows averaged £40, which would be £4,000 in today’s money.

The Tomkins cattle were soon somewhat different to the rest of the Herefordshire cattle with shorter legs, finer bone and were earlier maturing thus fattening more easily. In those days fat was not considered a dirty word and fat meat was a great source of energy to a hard working population without the benefits of central heating and double glazing. Benjamin the Elder was born in 1714 and died in 1787 while Benjamin the Younger was born in 1745 and died in 1815. They appear to have occupied a number of farms around the Canon Pyon area, but it seems that the best cattle were bred at Wellington Court by Benjamin the Younger who stated that ‘Silver bull which he bred in the early days he considered to be the first great improver of his stock’ (Mac & Sin p52) this bull was probably a descendant of the Silver cow that his grandfather Richard had left to his father.

Pic Wellington Court PFB Another sale had been held in the early 1800s where he offered for sale Wellington, described as the best Tomkins the Younger ever bred, his Silver bull excepted and the best stock getter. He sold for 275gns to John Price from The Ryall, Upton upon Severn. Art gallery pic Wellington 5

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Another sale had been held in the early 1800’s where he offered for sale Wellington, described as the best Tomkins the Younger ever bred, his Silver Bull excepted and the best stock getter. He sold for 275gns to John Price from The Ryall, Upton upon Severn.

Wellington, born 1808, bred by Benjamin Tomkins the Younger This was the only time he sold a stock bull of his own, as he was so possessive of his bloodlines that all other redundant stock bulls he had slaughtered in the autumn to feed the large gang of hop pickers. This also made sure that he always had a ready supply of workers at hop picking time, hops being his main source of income. Following Benjamin’s death the farming and breeding was carried on by his three spinster daughters in exactly the same fashion as he had. The Tomkins sisters held a sale on Monday 18th October 1819, being on the eve of the Herefordshire Agricultural Show and two days prior to the great cattle fair in Hereford. In the notes it stated, ‘The above cattle are all of the pure breed, which have been justly esteemed and admired by the most competent judges in every part of the kingdom where they have been introduced, and for which peculiar blood the highest prices have been obtained, and particularly No 23 which is considered to carry the greatest weight upon the smallest bone of any cow in the kingdom.’ Such was the interest in the sale that a two-year-old

bull made 560gns and the cows averaged £149.18s.9d Following the death of one sister the two remaining sisters had their final sale in 1854. The Tomkins family by then had been breeding for 140 years since Richard Tomkins left the Silver cow to Benjamin the Elder and, as far as was known, no outside bulls had ever been used. Ben himself had married his cousin and he seems to have endeavoured to concentrate the bloodlines in both his personal and farming life. The Tomkins were not the only breeders of noted cattle at the time. The Tully family from Huntington on the outskirts of Hereford had much to do with the white face. It followed the birth of a white faced bull calf in their herd out of a favourite cow in around 1750. He had far more white than the mottle faced variety, which probably owe their white, to Lord Scudamore’s Flemish cattle and the White Welsh cattle that frequently travelled through the county. This white faced calf was kept as a sire as he was something different as well as being a strong muscular 6


Victory This picture of Victory believed to be unpublished was kindly supplied by Hereford Museum and Art Gallery Unfortunately not many of his cattle were sold back to Herefordshire and most, after decorating some aristocrat’s estate for a while, became lost to the breed. Whether his bloodlines got into the hands of the Hewer family we can only speculate. Without John Price of Ryall the Herd Book would not have started, but it is ironic that he only wanted his and the Tomkins lines included, as he was of the opinion that these were the only true Herefords. Yet Volume 3 is virtually devoid of his bloodlines and dominated by Hewer breeding. While the Tomkins family were the first professional breeders of Hereford cattle William Hewer (17571825) and his son John (1787-1873) were without doubt the most important breeders of Hereford cattle in its history. Their bloodlines established the breed and they were responsible for the unique colour markings which have become the trademark of the breed. All Herefords the world over are direct descendants of their cattle on the male line, countless times over, as well as many of the female lines. In fact, the modern Hereford is probably over 95% Hewer blood. Besides the fact that their sires dominated the breed in their lifetimes and after, the Hewer’s bloodlines helped to establish the breed in North America and the father of all American Herefords, Anxiety IV, was full of Hewer blood. I write this on the day of the death of George Best and the media is full of how great he was and whether he was the greatest ever footballer. It can be safely stated that the Hewers were the greatest ever Hereford breeders! 10

William Hewer was not a Herefordian but came from Northleach in the neighbouring county of Gloucester. He was reputed to be a descendant of William Hewer, frequently mentioned in Samuel Pepys’ diary. His family probably bought oxen from Hereford and could well have acquired some cows as well. William Hewer married a Miss Hughes from Monmouth and moved to Monmouthshire around 1787 to farm Great Hardwick near Abergavenny, some 20 miles from Hereford but a journey of a full day before railways. It was considered something of a mystery from where Hewer’s stock originated. Like many of his fellow breeders before a Herd Book had been produced, William Hewer was secretive about the ancestry of his cattle but it is well documented that he stated that all his cattle trace to the bull Silver 540 born in 1797 and when later entered in the Vol 1 of the Hereford Herd Book in 1846, the only information given was that he was red with a white face. There were six bulls bred by William Hewer entered in the first Herd Book; Silver 540 red with white face. Old Wellington 507 red with white face, born 1801, by Silver 540, dam Primrose. Waxy 403, red with white face, born 1811, by Old Wellington 507, dam Strawberry. Young Wellington 505, red with white face, born 1812, by Old Wellington 507, dam Silky, by Waxy 403, granddam Silk by Silver 540. Alpha the Second 457, red with white face, born 1814 by Young Wellington 505, dam Silk by Young Wellington 505, grandam Silky by Waxy 403, greatgranddam Silk by Silver 540. Old Favourite 442, red with white face, born 1819, by Young Wellington 505, dam Cherry by Old Wellington 507, granddam Old Cherry by Waxy 403. It is very odd that five of these names were names used by other breeders, in fact Tomkins or breeders of Tomkins lines. It seems a remarkable coincidence that both he and Tomkins should both use the names Silver and Wellington. Hewer of Northleach is on record as buying a bull calf ‘Alpha, by Trojan from Mr Yarworth in 1820.’ Mr Yarworth was an old established breeder and Trojan was a highly thought of bull and it was reported that when he was shown at Hereford, the judges commented that, ‘He was the finest animal ever shown before the Society’. Trojan was by Smith’s old bull (whoever Smith was) by the sire of Crickneck (whoever the sire of Crickneck was) and out of a Tomkins cow. Trojan was another name used by the Hewers. There were only 550 bulls registered in the first Herd


Book but the Hewers seemed to be in the habit of using the same names as other top breeders to a high degree. Then, as now, there was intense rivalry and jealousy between the top breeders and this came to a head in a furious exchange of letters in the Gloucester Journal in 1822. Mr Yarworth’s letter to the Gloucester Journal

got a good one, induces me to offer you a few observations on some of his descendants, and also on your breed of cattle and their pedigrees; which the unhandsome conduct of yourself and your sons towards me at the above meeting, prevents my doing in any other manner, than through the medium of a public paper. Not many hours after your son’s remarks on my old bull, you gave my friend Mr Bluck a very pressing invitation to call on you on his return from Tredegar and you would shew him the best stock in England; of course, the Bull that got such stock, must be deemed by you and your son a good one; and that Bull being got by Trojan is sufficient to prove that your son made the remark more with prejudice than judgement On Mr Bluck’s naming the circumstance to me, my reply was that he had certainly mistaken you, and that you must have said, or meant to say, the best stock in the parish. But Sir if you flatter yourself you have the best stock in England, and are disposed to shew twenty, fifteen or ten of your Cows and Heifers above three years old, and of your own breeding, and now in your possession against the same number of Cows and Heifers the property of my friend MR White of Upleadon (which are descendants of Trojan,)I will back them against yours for One Hundred Guineas. Now sir, I beg to inform you (for the first time) how the Yearling Bull, Bull Calf & c, which you purchased at my sale at Troy in the year 1814 were bred; and from which Bulls your stock since that time is descended. The Bull Calf was got by Trojan, his dam (which you bought) was got by the late William Smith’s old Bull; his grand dam bought by a Bull bought of Mr Tully of the Hayward; his great- grand-dam by a Bull bought of Mr Howells, of Hadnock, near Monmouth, his great-greatgrand-dam by a cross bred bull of little value, out of an old brindled Gloucester Dairy Cow, which was purchased by my father (being an excellent milker) of my predecessor Mr Dew, of Troy Farm, in the year 1797, for eight pounds. The Yearling Bull, (which you informed me some time ago you sold to a Friend of yours in Gloucestershire) was got by Trojan, out of the grand-dam of the Bull Calf. This information you should have had at the time of my sale; but you must recollect you never made any enquiries respecting their pedigrees, which I have often much wondered at ( particularly as you well knew they were only culls I sold that day) for I have no doubt you bought them with the view of improving your self-supposed valuable Breed of Cattle. But to purchase Bulls for that purpose, without knowing or even asking how they were bred, must appear to every one at all acquainted with breeding, a most strange and unaccountable thing. Although they were only culls, I assure you there were only four of them but what were well bred, three of the four you made choice of namely the Yearling Bull, and the cow and her Bull Calf. Having no doubt you wish to become a first-rate bull breeder, I most strongly recommend, you part with you present stock descended from the old brindled Cow, and purchase some of the best pure-bred Hereford Cows you can get, and such a bull as Mr White’s Toby, (bred by Mr Price of Ryall); you then may expect to have such stock of Cattle as would be worth breeding from, and bulls very different from the Yearling Bull you had the Premium for last Candlemas Hereford Agricultural Meeting; which Bull in my humble opinion, should have been a better one than the Yearling Bull shewed the same day by Mr Smithies of the Lynch. When Mr Fluck asked how your Bull was bred, you answered that that he was got by your old Bull, which you bought of old Tomkins; and that you had let him that season to two Gentlemen from Breconshire for One Hundred Guineas; but, Sir, I am sorry you forgot it was the Bull you bought in my sale in 1814, then a calf. The same Bull, when you shewed him in Abergavenny against Mr Dew’s Bull, you named publicly and freely was bred by me. The two Heifers you shewed at Tredegar, your son said were out of two old cows you bought of old Tomkins. Now, Sir, in a letter I received from Miss Tomkins ,of Pyon, dated the 12 inst, she assures me, you never bought any stock of her and her sisters, or to her knowledge of her father, which I think is quite sufficient to prove that no dependence is to to be placed on the pedigrees given to your cattle, and must tend to confirm what I have always stated to be the breed of them. Hoping shortly to her from Mr Fluck that you have accepted his challenge I am Sir yours & co

Text of the above letter...

To Mr Hewer Llanellen near Abergavenny Sir Your son William having thought proper publicly to state, at Sir Charles Morgan’s Show, on 18th December last, that my old bull Trojan never

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Jan 13th 1822

J Yarworth

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I have been unable to find Mr Hewer’s reply in the after WW2; In fact, I cannot recall any. Hewer Gloucester Journal but have come across the following stated in his 1822 letter that he could prove he had quotation of it in Miller’s History of Hereford Cattle. descendants of some of his (Tomkins) prime cattle. Was it just a coincidence that these names were being “Mr Yarworth’s bills of sale were headed thus; used? I myself think not. There was bitter rivalry at ‘Particulars of the valuable Herefordshire cattle, that time between the Hewer and Tomkins followers the property of Mr Jas Yarworth, of Troy Farm, to the extent that John Price of Ryall only wanted the near Monmouth’. Mr Yarworth in reference to my progeny of Tomkins bloodlines to be included in the purchasing a bull calf at such sale, observed that it first Herd Book as these were the true Herefords. was a most strange and unaccountable thing I did not The more probable explanation is that when William enquire about the breed. And whether I did or not, I Hewer saw a bull that had the qualities he desired cannot charge my memory at this distance in time. in his own stock he, like any other breeder, would But it is a matter of no importance to me as I had endeavour to get hold of him and being too proud to stock far superior to any Mr Yarworth possessed; and admit to buying from a rival breeder used third parties. I added to them five cows and heifers by a purchase What cannot be denied is that all Hewer’s bulls were I had made of Messers Tully, of Huntington previous registered as red with white faces and the reason for to Mr Yarworth’s sale in Troy. And as to my old bull this is probably the influence of the five females he being the calf I purchased at Troy sale, it is sufficient stated he bought off Messrs Tully from Huntington in contradiction on fact, viz, my old bull was calved at who had bred the first prize ox of all breeds at the first least a year before Mr Yarworth’s came into existence. Smithfield show. I deny having stated to Mr Bluck that I ever purchased Whatever their ancestry, the Hewer cattle were big any stock off Tomkins, though I can prove I have heavy cattle with white faces. Wellington was stated to descendants from some of Tomkins prime cattle…. be 1 ton 6 cwt (1300kg) in 1815 and was 11ft 4 inches His (Mr Yarworth’s) advice to get rid of my stock in length and had a girth of 11feet 3 inches. Silk was descended from his brindled cow comes too late by reputed to weigh 1 ton in 1820 and a fat steer 1 ton 6 cwt. Even if these measurements were exaggerated many years, as I have none of them left”. Mr Hewer further expressed the opinion that Mr these were still enormous cattle and would be of Yarworth’s stock sold at Troy were, as he himself had similar dimensions to today’s biggest Herefords publicly described them, pure bred Herefords and that which are the result of 30 years selection for larger cattle with the use of AI and embryo transplanting the story as to the brindled cow was an invention. Why would William Hewer use the names Silver from a worldwide population. and Wellington? Ben Tomkins had a bull called William Hewer was in the habit of hiring his bulls Wellington, number 4 in the first Herd Book and out to other breeders and his grandson stated that registered as born 1808 who was the best bull he ever Favourite was hired for £200 per season, which would bred with the exception of Silver. This bull was sold have been a colossal amount even in those days when for 275gns at John Price of Ryall’s sale in 1816 to an oxen was worth around £10. The fact that William Mr Jellicoe of Beighterton for 275gns and then sold Hewer lived over 20 miles from Hereford and in pre on to Earl St Germans. Further intrigue is added by railway days demonstrates the immense value placed the fact that Mr Jellicoe never registered any stock on his cattle by the Herefordshire breeders, as it would by Wellington. Earl St Germans hired bulls off the be a two day round trip to visit Great Hardwick as Hewers and must have been on friendly terms as John well as the logistics of transporting the bull to their Hewer later named a bull St German. Then there is property. Waxy 403, Waxy 3 was purchased by Lord Talbot at Old Favourite 442 born 1819 by Young Wellington, the same sale in 1816 for 325gns and Mr Hewer has was used by ten breeders from Herefordshire, two bulls named Waxy in Volume 1. So, of the six Shropshire and Gloucester, for a total of £415. 5s, bulls registered by William Hewer in the first Herd probably the price of a farm in those days. Book; Silver, Wellington, Waxy and Alpha were all John Hewer assisted his father at Hardwick in his names used by other breeders, two by Tomkins and early days and around 1817 something went wrong in two of Tomkins blood. My editor has pointed out the family’s finances when a bank crashed and a lot to me that Wellington could well have been named of the herd, if not the lot, were sold to a Mr Browning after the Iron Duke, and would be a popular name, from Purslow, near Craven Arms in Shropshire. but we never had many bulls named after Churchill John Hewer went with them to manage the farm and 12


was said to have taken some of his own stock with him. This was probably correct as the great bull Old Sovereign the first bull he registered was born in 1820. About the year 1825 there were more great losses in the banks and William Hewer then aged 68 emigrated to America with his eldest son William, leaving the rest of his family behind. Unfortunately,he only lived around six months and died in New York and was buried in St Marks Church in-the-Bowery.

Litley Court, Hampton Lodge, (where he had his first great sale in 1839), Lower Wilcroft and Palmers Court, many of which are probably under housing at present. William Hewer had hired his bulls out and built up a lucrative business in so doing and his son John carried on the same. Breeders who visited each other’s herds saw the progeny of Hewer’s bulls and hired off him as well and eventually he had up to thirty five bulls out on hire at any time.

At around the same time Mr Browning hit on hard times and was obliged to sell his stock and let the farm, the tenant taking the cattle. John Hewer took his stock with him back to Monmouthshire to a farm called The Grove where his mother was now farming. He later bought back some of his fathers bloodlines from the new tenant at Purslow who was not a cattleman. Following some misunderstanding in the family John left The Grove, taking his cattle to Herefordshire, to Hill House Farm, Aston Ingham near Ross-on-Wye. It would have been a cold, bleak property and he did not stay there long, soon finding a property close to Hereford. John Hewer seems to have occupied many properties on the outskirts of Hereford including Moor House, Brandon Cottage,

Virtually every prominent Hereford breeder was using a Hewer bull. Not just one, but one after the other and if not, a son of a Hewer bull. This is even more remarkable because throughout these years Hewer’s cattle were virtually of no fixed abode. Within a very short period the Hereford was a white faced breed and the mottles, reds and greys had disappeared. In 1839 the first Royal Show was held at Oxford and the first Royal Champion (it was just first prize aged bull in those days) and The Best Bull of any breed in the Kingdom was the 35 cwt Cotmore bred and exhibited by Mr Jeffries of The Grove, Pembridge.

This picture of Cotmore, believed to be unpublished, was kindly supplied by Hereford Museum Art Gallery 13

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Sovereign, Sire of Cotmore

Cotmore was by Hewer’s Sovereign 404, out of a cow by Hewer’s Lottery 410. Sovereign, the first bull registered by John Hewer, was by Old Favourite out of his full sister and was aged 15 years when he sired Cotmore. Sovereign, presumably born at Purslow, had accompanied John on his travels from Purslow to Monmouth, to Ross and to all the properties around Hereford where he had resided and had been hired out to 15 breeders, for a total of £640. 18s, in his life.

going today. Spot was by a son of John Hewer’s Sovereign and did not have so far to walk as she was exhibited by Mr J Walker of Northleach, two thirds of the way from Pembridge to Oxford and the two of them walked together for the final stretch of the journey. It is little wonder that stockmen in Australia and North America later commented on the ability of the Hereford to maintain condition on their long cattle drives.

Probably the most remarkable fact though was that, while the Shorthorns of Thomas Bates were carried by ship and barge to the showground, Cotmore walked the eighty plus miles from Pembridge to Oxford, carrying those 35 cwt on those fine boned legs just as thousands of Hereford oxen had in the previous centuries when they forded the Isis on their way to market in the capital and thus the name Oxford. At the same show John Hewer made one of his few forays into the show ring and won the first prize in the heifer class with his heifer who was subsequently Hampton Lodge home of John Hewer named Lady Oxford. The winner of the cow class, Spot, was also bred in Pembridge and was the first The following October John Hewer held his first of many Royal winners from The Leen herd, still sale at Hampton Lodge over two days. The top price 14


was £346 for Lady Byron by Chance, with her 11 month old son Dangerous making £252 on the second day when 25 bulls and bull calves were sold to average £53. On closer examination of the records it seems two of the bulls as well as Lady Byron were bought by Mr Williams of Bristol for export to Australia but appear not to have travelled there as they were used by a number of local breeders in later life. By that time Australians, as well as north Americans, were breeding Herefords. The first Herefords had gone to Australia in 1825 and the first Herefords went to the USA in 1817. They were imported by a Shorthorn breeder, the Hon Henry Clay (son of John Clay). Born in Virginia but as a resident of Kentucky, he became the US Secretary of State and Speaker of the House of Representatives. The honourable gentleman however did not breed his Herefords pure and experimented crossing them with the Shorthorn breed.

Lady Byron a close relative of another Clay, Cassius Marcellus, also a Shorthorn Breeder but more famous for being the founder of the anti-slavery newspaper, The True American, and as a politician led the abolitionists. In Miller’s history of Herefords, published in 1902, there are many references to Cassius M Clay who was the chief propagandist for the Shorthorn breed in a heated argument about the virtues of the two breeds in the agricultural press. He stated that his Shorthorn bull Locomotive, ‘Beat the world!’ when made Champion at Chicago. He went on to say, ‘As to the Herefords, I have nothing to say for or against them, except they have never in public opinion risen to the rank of contending for the supremacy.’ It seems that Muhammad was a chip off the old block.

I have tried to find the ancestry of the most famous person ever from Kentucky, also a Clay; Cassius Marcellus, later Muhammad Ali whose great grandfather was a John Henry Clay, also born in Virginia and a resident of Kentucky but I have been unable to go any further back. It is far easier to trace the ancestry of Hereford cattle, but it was common practice that slaves took the names of their owners and a lot of the young females had offspring by their owners or their sons. It seems to me that Ali’s great grandfather John Henry Clay, who also moved from Back to John Hewer, who practised colour prejudice Virginia to Kentucky, has too much in common with in his cattle intentionally as he had wanted to end Henry Clay for it to be just a coincidence. Henry was 15 CLICK to ORDER


Thomas Campbell Eyton compositor of the First Herd Book of Hereford Cattle in 1846 Chapter Three – The 1850s Major honours for Lord Berwick, in Paris as well as at home, the arrival of Sir Benjamin, at The Grove, the arrival of the railway in Hereford at last, and Prince Albert founds a Royal herd at Windsor. 1850 The Royal was held in the West Country in 1850 at Exeter and senior male was the aptly named Guy Fawkes, calved 5th November 1846 and bred and exhibited by newcomer to the county, John Monkhouse of The Stow, Whitney on Wye. John Monkhouse was a Cumbrian who had heard of the rich pastures of Herefordshire and travelled south to buy The Stow on the banks of the Wye. He was a brother in law to William Wordsworth who quite often visited him.

eyesight began to fail found that the quieter nature of the pedigree Herefords enabled him to continue farming cattle as he was able to feel the cattle in order to judge their conformation. He became so adept at this that when Arthur Turner from The Leen went with Monkhouse to a show he was amazed at how accurately Monkhouse could assess the cattle in the stalls. I had a similar experience years ago when a blind butcher used to visit our cattle every year at Smithfield show and I always looked forward to hearing his comments. Guy Fawkes was sired by Severn bought by Mr Monkhouse when he won the bull calf class on the banks of the Severn at the Shrewsbury Royal in 1845. Severn was bred by John Thomas of Cholstrey, just west of Leominster and sired by the bull Cholstrey, bred and owned by William Vaughan, also of Cholstrey. William Vaughan had based his herd on a number of females bought from Thomas Jeffries. Whether he was a relative of mine I have been unable to ascertain as yet. Winner of the cow class at Exeter was exhibited by Mr Carpenter of Eardisland and at last his full name appears; John Nelson Carpenter. John Nelson had bred three first prize cows at Royal shows but this one; Lucy had been purchased from the next village up the Arrow from Phillip Turner, The Leen, Pembridge. 1851

Monkhouse’s was one of the few county herds based on the breeding of John Price, The Ryall who he had met through a common interest in breeding Bakewell sheep. He had also acquired stock from JA Monkhouse his near neighbour Tully of Clyro. Monkhouse had started his farming in Herefordshire by fattening beef cattle from Breconshire for selling onwards but as his 24

The 1851 Royal Show was held at Windsor, an apt place for the nobility to parade their breeding! It was at this show that Lord Berwick won both the senior classes. His winning bull was Walford. Walford


He had been purchased from Thomas Longmore from Walford near Ludlow and in the opinion of many eminent breeders of the time was near the true ideal of perfection as an animal could be. Noticeable in his breeding was the absence close up of any of Hewer’s bulls. Walford was sired by Mr Dawe’s grey bull bred by Mr Howells of Clungunford, also near Ludlow and sired by Dinedor. In volume 1 of the Herd Book it states, ‘Bred by Mr Fluck. Dinedor was sold to Mr Stedman of Bedstone Hall and was used by Mr Meire.’ There is no date of birth and no reference to his colour. I have ascertained that Mr Fluck was a repeat buyer at the sales of John Hewer and lived at Dinedor, just south of the city of Hereford and in the original volume I the bull is called Dindor but later versions show this same bull as Dinedor. His Lordship’s winning cow, the mottle faced Duchess of Norfolk, had been so named after winning as a heifer at the Norwich Royal. She also possessed very little Hewer blood being sired by Tom Thumb, the grey bull he had bought at the Ashley Moor sale where her dam was also purchased.

be named after Albert Edward, later Edward VII who was the longest ever serving Prince of Wales until surpassed by Prince Charles in 2017. The cow class was another success for John Monkhouse, The Stow with his eight-year-old Winifred bred by James Rea of Monaughty in Radnorshire. She was a daughter of the bull Monaughty he had bred by Old Court, the bull that had made his name as sire of steers at the Hereford October fair for Lord Oxford.

1854 Hereford, which did not even have a canal until 1845, was at last connected to the rest of the country by rail following the opening of Barrs Court Station in December 1853 with connections to Shrewsbury, Newport and Abergavenny. Perhaps one of the reasons that the breed developed so well was this isolation as a result of being so behind the times in developing good travel links. Devonshire had already been sending milk and cream by rail to London for the best part of ten years and the South Devon breed was expanding specifically for that purpose to the detriment of the Ruby Devons. With the Herefordshire climate and soil Among the spectators that day at Windsor was Albert, so advantageous for the growing of grass, its farmers His Royal Highness the Prince Consort, who was so concentrated on what it had always done best, beef, impressed by the turn out that he decided to establish which could be walked to the developing markets of his own herd of Hereford cattle on the Royal estate. the fast-growing industrial towns or to railway stations in neighbouring counties which connected to them. 1852 Walking beef didn’t go sour overnight! Consequently Another Pembridge bull took the top award at the the county had a vast genetic pool of cattle being bred Lewes Royal of 1852, with the name Pembridge. Bred solely for their beefing qualities, unrivalled by any and exhibited by Edward Price, The Court House who other area. had shown his sire Sir David three years earlier at Norwich where Pembridge had won as a bull calf. Yet another aged bull winner from the Vale of Arrow Lord Berwick again won the cow class with Grey at the Lincoln Royal of 1854 was Magnet, exhibited Daisy, another by Tom Thumb and again from the by Edward Price who was becoming a prolific winner Salwey Knight Cherry line. at these events. Magnet however was bred in the Lugg Valley in 1853 my home parish of Bodenham by Thomas Yeld, a Still no railway connection to Hereford but those Pembridge man and was by The Knight, bred by John robust Hereford cattle made little of the doddle to the Monkhouse. It is interesting that the great grand dam 1853 Royal Show at Gloucester. Lord Berwick was was by bred by Mr Rea and by Old Court. able to rail his exhibits from Shrewsbury and won the senior bull class with his own bred Albert Edward. Nell Gwynne, the winner of the cow class also came His Lordship had given up on his first aim of breeding from Pembridge, being bred and exhibited by Philip greys as it had become apparent that they were not big Turner, The Leen. She was also by The Knight, and enough and instead he had followed the flock, but not great grand dam was also by Old Court. This old bull quite. He had acquired the Hewer bred bull Wonder could not have sired many pedigree calves as most of who was a son of the great sire Chance and out of his early calves were sold as steers by Lord Oxford. Hewer’s top cow Lofty whose progeny had amassed £1,289. Lord Berwick had mated Wonder to his twice 1855 Royal winner Victoria that he had bought from John Lord Berwick shipped Walford to the Paris Exhibition Nelson Carpenter, and thus her first born son had to and returned with first prize and a gold medal for the 25

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best bull of any breed, while a son of Walford, the aptly named Napoleon 3rd, was awarded a medal for superior merit. Napoleon 3rd This great stalwart of the breed was now a force to be reckoned with in the Hereford world and once again

took the principal award at the most northerly yet Royal held at Carlisle with his home bred Attingham. This was a son of his Paris winner Walford, out of a Tom Thumb cow and the great grand dam was by Cholstrey. Attingham Cumbrian born John Monkhouse also made the trip to Carlisle to show off to his relations his Royal champion from two years earlier and now, at ten years old, she again came out on top. His Royal Highness The Prince Consort had now established a herd of Herefords at The Flemish Farm, Windsor with females from two peers of the realm, Lord Berwick and Lord Hereford from Tregoyd in Breconshire. 1856 26

Lord Berwick exhibited his bull of superior merit at the Royal held near Chelmsford, where he readily obliged by taking the first for Senior bull. The bovine Napoleon 3rd could claim to be more blue blooded than his namesake being by a Royal winner, Walford and out of the Duchess of Norfolk who had twice been first at Royal shows. I have often heard it said that no Royal Champion ever sired a Royal Champion. Walford now joined Sir David as two who had done it. No! These bulls are just winners of the senior class. The cow class winner was the second prize from the previous year. Carlisle Beauty was bred and exhibited by W Perry of Cholstrey. It would seem that Mr Thomas, also of Cholstrey, was no more, and a lot of his cows were now the property of Mr T Roberts of Ivingtonbury. Mr W Perry appears to be related to John Perry of Much Cowarne as most of his females have the same ancestry. There are a number of Perrys in the first Herd Books but this is only the second to get a mention. Carlisle Beauty was by his own bred sire Noble Boy, a son of Nelson Carpenter’s Royal winner Coningsby. Her dam was by an E Jeffries bull; Marden by Byron the sire of Hope. Hereford breeders were becoming most adventurous and Mr Perry had taken Beauty to the Paris Exhibition the previous year where his venture had been rewarded with first prize and a gold medal. 1857 Mr Edward Williams of Llowes Court near Hay-onWye who had accumulated some very good females including his 1849 royal winner bought from Nelson Carpenter, won the senior class at the 1857 Royal at Salisbury with his home bred bull, Radnor. He had been First at the previous Royal and was by Edward’s home bred bull, Dewshall The Second, by Protection bred by Edward Price of The Court House and by his 1852 Royal winner Pembridge by Sir David and out of a cow by Old Court. The dam of Radnor was Glasbury, bred by William Vaughan and by his bull Cholstrey, a sire like Old Court who seems to crop up in a lot of the female lines of these Royal winners. Lord Berwick took the cow class with Carlisle, who was completing a hat trick of Royal wins. 1858 So to Chester for the 1858 Royal. The Leominster to Kington railway had opened the previous year with a station in Pembridge and Edward Price was keen to show off his latest acquisition; Goldfinder 2nd who duly took the mature bull title. He had bought him from Mr W Perry of nearby Cholstrey who had in turn acquired him from John Perry of Much Cowarne, who had also


bred his sire, Witchend and grandsire Monkland 2nd. Monkland 2nd was by Monkland bred by W Perry and by Lion, also bred by W Perry and by a bull bred by Thomas Jeffries, of Pembridge. Goldfinder 2nd was out of a cow by Young Goldfinder and seems to have numerous crosses of him and his sire Goldfinder bred by Philip Turner, also of Pembridge.

Rea who had moved down to Westonbury. The mating produced a bull calf, and his near neighbour, Thomas bought him off Ben to show him after he had served a few cows, as Ben had no experience at showing. He had never registered any cattle in the Herd Book and so Thomas Rea registered him and as he was by Sir David named him Sir Benjamin. Sir Benjamin

Sir Benjamin Standing second to Edward Price’s bull in the old bull class was was another bull from Pembridge and the youngest bull in the class: Sir Benjamin, exhibited by Thomas Rea of Westonbury and bred by Benjamin Rogers of The Grove. His sire: Sir David, who he thought he had got rid of when he sold him to Scotland Sir David had been brought back from Aberdeenshire to Pembridge by John Turner of The Noke (now Court of Noke) who had bred Chance, the father and grandfather of Sir David. The Noke is next door to The Grove, and Benjamin Rogers had come to an agreement to take a couple of cows to be served by Sir David and one of the pair he took was his best cow Prettymaid 2nd who was from the Ricketts line from the Batch and by Young Royal, by Royal, by Cotmore. Young Royal had been bred by his uncle John of the Stocken and bought by fellow Radnorman Thomas

The author holding the head of Sir Benjamin, the property of Jim Rogers, Great Grandson of Benjamin Rogers

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Queen of the lilies Chapter Five – The 1870s First Royal winner for the breed’s new patron, Queen Victoria, Winter de Cote wins at The Royal, Ben Rogers gives a calf to William Tudge to replace a bull he bought at Hereford that had died and William Tudge exhibits first two bull calves by Sir Roger, Regulator and Lord Wilton, that win all major shows, William Taylor of Showle Court wins three senior bull classes in a row, Longhorns sires Anxiety who wins at two Royals and is exported to USA and his breeder, Thomas Carwardine, buys and brings Lord Wilton back to Herefordshire from Surrey. 1870 The first Royal of the 1870s was held at Oxford where the first ever Royal had been held and the Senior Bull award went to another titled gentleman, Sir Joseph Bailey of Glanusk Park. Bailey had made his fortune with his ironworks at Merthyr Tydfil and built a castle on the banks of the river Usk near Crickhowell, in Breconshire. His winner Stanway was bred by William Tudge of Adforton and sired by his own bred Pilot from the single crop of calves he had by The Grove that had sired his two winners at the Worcester Royal. It is of interest that Pilot was out of a cow by young Walford, grandson of Lord Berwick’s best bull of any breed at Paris that traced back to Dinedor. Winner of the two-year-old class was Prince Albert Edward, bred and exhibited by Her Majesty Queen Victoria. Her winner was got by Deception bred in Radnorshire by James Rea and by Sir Benjamin and going back to Cholstrey. His dam was by Windsor bred by Prince Albert, by Prince of Wales bred by W Maybery of Brecon and sired by Henry the Second bred by Nelson Carpenter. It is interesting that the only two claims to fame of Mr W Maybery are two sires used in the Royal herd at Windsor.

Prince Albert Edward 36

Queen Victoria’s winner was then sold to Mr W Robinson of Lake Colac in Victoria Australia. The winning cow, the seven-year-old Silk was bred by David Rogers of The Rodd, exhibited by Thomas Rogers, Coxall and sired by Interest bred by his uncle, Ben Rogers, The Grove. Interest had an interesting pedigree, being by Baron of Noke who traced back directly to Cotmore, winner at the previous Oxford Royal and out of a cow by that great old sire of steers, Old Court. Was Ben, who had made the most use of Sir David with his four services, already trying to breed the outcross? At the October fair in Hereford, Ben won first prize with Patentee, a bull calf by Sir Thomas, and sold for a high figure to William Tudge of Adforton. Unfortunately, Patentee caught a chill following the journey to Adforton, possibly transit fever, and died so Ben gave William Tudge a replacement that he said was not worth half the value. This turned out to be the biggest understatement in the history of breeding 1871 Winner of the top award at the Wolverhampton Royal of 1871 was Monaughty 3rd, bred and exhibited by Warren Evans who, like the winner from Oxford, came from alongside the River Usk. Was the Usk going to rival the Arrow in producing top Herefords? Monaughty 3rd was named after another Welsh home of Herefords from where his dam was purchased. He was by Hopeful, bred by Mr Gibbons of Hampton Bishop, just east of Hereford city, and traced back to Monkland the Second bred by Mr Perry of Much Cowarne and after a couple more generations of Perry breeding to John Hewer’s Sovereign, the sire of Cotmore.


Mr W B Peren’s Ivington Rose again won the cow class to become the first cow to win three Royals.

Monaughty 3rd The winning cow, Ivington Rose was exhibited by another new exhibitor, William Peren from Somerset. Bred at Ivingtonbury by Thomas Roberts, and by his great sire Sir Thomas and from a female line going back to Vaughan’s Cholstrey. 1872 Another cow bred by Thomas and by Sir Thomas was the dam of the top winner at the Cardiff Royal of 1872 for Mr Thomas Fenn and John Harding from where, I cannot work out. Their bull Bachelor had been bred by Stephen Robinson of The Moor, Kington whose family would have a great influence in the breed over the next 50 years. The sire of Bachelor, the William Tudge bred Douglas, was another by Pilot, by the Ben Rogers bred, The Grove. Bachelor thus went back to the two great sons of Sir David bred by Ben Rogers. Ivington Rose won the cow class, for a second year, which further enhanced the reputation of the two Thomases; Sir and Robert.

Ivington Rose 1874 In what was to become known as a vintage year, the 1874 Royal was held at Bedford where a bull bred by the other Ivington breeder, Thomas Edwards took the senior award. Alas Thomas had passed away and like Prince Albert missed witnessing his victory and Winter de Cote was exhibited by his widow Sarah Edwards with the aid of her nephew Allen Edward Hughes.

1873 Bachelor did not take long to make his mark and the senior winner at Hull in 1873 was his son Provost, bred and exhibited by Philip Turner, The Leen and out of Rhodia whose sire Subaltern went straight back to Cotmore.

Winter de Cote Winter de Cote was a son of Thomas Edwards’ Royal winner Leominster 3rd and out of Pinky 3rd by Young Grove by Adforton, as was the dam of Leominster 3rd meaning that Winter de Cote traced back three times to the two sons of Sir David bred by Ben Rogers. Winner of the cow class was Rosaline, bred and exhibited by Thomas Thomas of St Hilary in the Vale of Glamorgan, to the West of Cardiff, an area that was to play a notable part in Hereford history. She had been First at the Cardiff Royal as a heifer two years earlier and had developed into a beautiful cow. This consistent winner was by Sir John 3rd by Sir John by Plato bred by Thomas Rea by Sir Benjamin bred by Ben Rogers who by then was hailed as the most influential Hereford breeder since John Hewer.

Provost 37

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A heifer that would have been celebrating her second birthday at the Show gave Thomas Carwardine of Stocktonbury, just north of Leominster, a winning debut. Helena was by de Cote bred by Thomas Edwards and often muddled up with his winner that day.

De Cote De Cote was a half-brother to the sire of Winter de Cote, Leominster 3rd, both being by John Monkhouse’s Tomboy by Sir Thomas. Her dam was Regina by Heart of Oak and bred by James Rea. All I can find out about her line is that she probably originated from the herd of Mr Ashford of The Brakes, Leintwardine, who I know nothing about but would be interested to learn more. The bull that was the talk of 1874 was William Tudge’s replacement bull off Benjamin Rogers, now aptly named Sir Roger. Two of his first yearling bulls from Adforton were first and second at the Bath & West, The Royal as well as Hereford, with Regulator leading the line until Leominster when his herdmate beat him, which he also did at Ludlow. A gentleman who would surely have seen the pair at Leominster would have been Thomas Carwardine from Stocktonbury just north of the town!

1875 Sarah Edwards took Winter de Cote to the next Royal at Taunton where he repeated his performance as did Thomas Carwardine’s heifer Helena. The winning cow, Lady Stanton came from Thomas Fenn, Stonebrook House, Ludlow who must have been the co-owner of Bachelor, the winning bull of 1872. Lady Stanton was by Severus 2nd bred by R Roberts also of Ludlow, by Severus owned by Ben Rogers and bred by James Rea that went back to a Hewer bull, Counsellor by Young Favourite. It had now reached the stage when every Royal winner was a direct male descendant of a Hewer bull. If there had been a champion that day it surely would have been William Tudge’s winning yearling bull. The calf that had won at Leominster the previous year was now named Lord Wilton and looked outstanding. His competitor from the previous year, Regulator had been exported to New Zealand. Lord Wilton had also been first at the Bath & West which was held in Croydon in Surrey, as well as at Hereford later in the year. Following that he was purchased by Mr Lewis Lloyd of Monks Orchard in Surrey via a telegram. Mr Lloyd had one ambition in life, to breed the winning steer at Smithfield Show. He had seen Lord Wilton at the Bath & West and decided there and then that he was the bull he needed to get the top and full hindquarters into his cattle, which is exactly what Lord Wilton did enabling Mr Lloyd to achieve his ambition thrice.

Lord Wilton However the most important event for Hereford cattle breeders in 1875 was the arrival in Liverpool of the first shipload of chilled South American beef, containing many Hereford carcasses returning to the land of their fathers to flood the market with top quality beef. The writing was on the wall for the British beef producers.

Regulator 38


1876 William Taylor of Showle Court had his second old bull winner at the Birmingham Royal with Tredegar who had been first at the two previous Royals and twice at the Bath & West along with many other awards including his first win at Lord Tredegar’s show at Tredegar.

Tredegar This impressive bull was sired by Mercury, bred at The Leen by Philip Turner and was by Jupiter by Franky. This is the first mention of Franky a bull who was to have a great influence on the breed worldwide. He was bred near Shrewsbury by Mr T L Meire of Cound Arbour and sired by Walford, the winner of the gold medal for the best bull of any breed at the Paris Exhibition in 1855 who was sired by Clungunford, bred by Mr Howells and sired by Dinedor. All Herefords in the world today apart from the traditional Herefords can trace a direct male line to Dinedor making him one of the mammals with the most recorded descendants ever to have lived. Dinedor could not have made that claim if his grandson Walford had not been mated by T L Meire with Old Perfect to produce Franky. She was by his great bull Speculation, who had himself been first at Shrewsbury and sired two first prizewinners at the Shrewsbury Royal as well as three winners at Smithfield. Speculation was by the Hewer bred Young Waxy as was the grand dam of Franky, so his dam would have been a double granddaughter of Young Waxy. It was at this time that the deep-thinking Philip Turner of The Leen was looking for an outcross from all the Sir David blood in Pembridge and he didn’t want to patronise his neighbours. Although the Vale of Arrow breeders were sociable there was a lot of rivalry between them and even bitter jealousy at times. The majority of the Herefordshire breeders considered Meir’s cattle with their fatstock awards good commercial cattle but not breeders’ bulls. They were

lacking the class of Sir David’s blood in the same way as our cattle in my younger days were thought of. Philip Turner though considered Walford as good a Hereford bull as had been bred and he went to Shrewsbury and brought Franky back to the Vale of Arrow.

P Turner The winning two-year-old bull at Birmingham brought a long established Vale of Arrow herd back into the forefront for the first time since the 1860s. John Price had taken over The Court House and his winner was Horace 2nd by Horace, who we will get to in 1881.

Horace 2nd Winning cow was another bred in the Vale of Arrow, and exhibited by William Tudge, now established in the Teme Valley. His winner Rosebud was bred by the maestro himself, Ben Rogers and sired by Sir Thomas, out of a cow by North Star bred by himself by Sir Richard also from Pembridge. Sir Richard had 39

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been bred by Thomas Rea and sired by Sir Benjamin and the next sire was The Grove, so three sires in the maternal pedigree were all sons or grandsons of Sir David, which I would call classical line breeding. Rosebud was the last exhibit of William Tudge, as he had had a paralytic stroke, but he was insistent that Rosebud should attend.

Rosebud 1877 Tredegar and Rosebud repeated their successes at the Liverpool Royal of 1877 and with the prize money equivalent to the price of a couple of fat steers it was no wonder that they carried on exhibiting their winners in those austere times. The port of Liverpool was partly responsible for the hard times being felt by Hereford breeders, as it was there that shiploads

of chilled beef from the Americas had been arriving since 1875. The descendants of Hereford cattle exported over the last 50 years were now returning as chilled beef and drastically devaluing the home market. That’s progress and always will be; three steps forward and two back. The eye catcher at Liverpool that day was the winning junior bull, shown by Thomas Carwardine and out of his twice Royal winner Helena. Named Anxiety he was placed first in spite of his misshapen front feet, which were either due to his difficult birth, a vitamin deficiency at birth or a combination of the two. He had caused Thomas Carwardine a lot of anxious moments as he had been unable to stand up until about a week old and then with bent knees, hence his name. Anxiety was by Longhorns bred by W Taylor and by Mercury the sire of his old bull winner that day the grandson of Franky who himself was a grandson of Dinedor. The two-year-old class that day was won by another son of Mercury from William Taylor; Thoughtful, whose dam traced directly to Sir Benjamin through his sire Sir Francis by Sir Frank by Sir Richard. William Tudge’s herd was dispersed that year and Rosebud sold to J H Arkwright for the top price of 155gns. A further nine females were bought by Lord Coventry (7th Earl of Coventry) as the foundation of a herd he was establishing at Croome in Worcestershire and these included Giantess, by Sir Roger at 140gns.

Anxiety not to be confused with his son Anxiety 4th 40


1878 On 5th March 1878 the Hereford Herd Book Society was formed to continue publishing Herd Books, following the retirement of Mr Duckham. At the meeting Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen was elected Patron, John Hungerford Arkwright elected President and The Right Honourable The Earl of Coventry elected Vice President. A council of twentyfive members was elected, of which nine were from outside the county, and the first Secretary was S W Urwick from Leinthall near Ludlow.

had been the winner of the two year-old-class at the Cardiff Royal and was sired by Prince Arthur, bred by T Duckham, the editor of the Herd Book and a grandson of Sir Benjamin, being by a bull bred by Thomas Rea. 1879 In 1879 the Royal Show became international, as The Kilburn Royal International Show, which was once again held in the capital city. Aaron Rogers of The Rodd, Kington, nephew to Ben won the £50 award for the best male as well as £30 for the senior class with his home bred Grateful, another by Sir Thomas who would have been well into his twelfth year when he William Taylor, one of the first members of council, sired him. made it three in a row when his bull, the winning twoyear-old from Liverpool, Thoughtful, won the senior class at the Bristol Royal of 1878.

Grateful In these present days of EBVs (estimated breeding values) this should not have happened according to the experts who work them out and tell us to breed from the youngest generation and thus increase the EBV. Dairy farmers are encouraged to inseminate their heifers with top sexed semen to produce a superior generation. I am even doing it with my sheep as I am selling on EBVs I am using my best young rams on ewe lambs, but not the ones with the best EBVs, the ones that have the best measurements when CT (computed tomography) scanned. In a few years’ time they will realise the folly of it all and tell us to use the sires proven over generations. In the horse racing world where all twenty first century thoroughbreds carry the blood of Northern Dancer, it is of interest that he sired his greatest breeding son, Saddlers Wells when he was 19 and Saddlers Wells sired his greatest breeding son, Galileo, when he was 16. Galileo was born in 1998, which was 21 years ago as I am writing this and we are still awaiting a son that can surpass him. The unbeaten Frankel had the cream of European mares but is still overshadowed by his sire. Grateful was out of a granddaughter of Franky and

Thoughtful Anxiety repeated his success, and caught the eye of some American breeders who had sailed into Bristol for the show. They had never seen such powerful hind quarters and loins and were looking for such a bull to cater for the affluent American working class who were developing a taste for sirloin and rump steaks. The huge herds of Texas Longhorns on the western ranges were lacking any shape and could not supply what the packers in Chicago wanted, even when crossed with the Shorthorn breed now established out there. They considered a smaller type of bull like Anxiety would reproduce his loin and hindquarters and they were already aware that the Hereford sire was stamping his white face onto his cross bred progeny. As a result, the following year Anxiety went across the pond. Female champion was Lady Blanche from the representatives of the late Warren Evans from across the Severn Estuary, some ten years before the railway tunnel was opened; so, she would either have had to travel by ferry or via Gloucester by rail. The sire of Blanche was Von Moltke, named after a great Prussian Field Marshall and bred by Mr Evans. He 41

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went back to Old Court, as did so many of the best cattle of the day. On show that day in Grateful’s class was Lord Wilton, an also ran. Mr Lloyd had not prepared him to his best advantage. Thomas Carwardine who had heard of the Smithfield winning steers that Lord Wilton had been siring, visited Monk’s Orchard to see progeny and brought Lord Wilton back to north Herefordshire. Thomas Carwardine

Arthur, that had been first the previous year by his winner from two years previous Horace 2nd. Sarah Edwards won the £50 for the best female Hereford with her cow, Leonora, who was winning her third Royal First, one better than her sire, the twice Royal Winner Winter de Cote. The judges, who were still nameless at this stage, stated in their report, ‘We consider her the best Hereford cow we ever saw, and probably a more perfect specimen of any breed is not in existence.’

John Price won the two-year-old class with his bull

Leonora

One of Lord Wilton’s sons Sir Bartle Frere bred by Thomas Carwardine, in his home Lafayette, in Indiana with five of his crossbred prize winning sons 42


Chapter Six - The 1880s The birth of Anxiety 4th and sale to USA. John Price returns home from Australia and takes over the Court House herd. Ben Rogers pulls another rabbit out of his hat with The Grove 3rd which he sells to Phillip Turner. First Royal winners for the Earl of Coventry and Allen Hughes. Phillip Turner holds a dispersal sale at The Leen. Dispersal sale at Stocktonbury following the death of T J Carwardine where two bidders full of champagne bid up to 3,800gns for Lord Wilton. 1880 The most important event in Herefordshire in 1880 was the birth on 23rd May of the pale coloured calf Anxiety 4th at Stocktonbury in Kimbolton near Leominster. His sire Anxiety was in the US and had won at five state fairs. He was by Longhorns that traced back to Mr T L Meire’s breeding out of twice Royal winner Helena by de Cote bred by Thomas Edwards and by Tomboy by Sir Thomas by Sir Benjamin by Sir David. The dam of Anxiety 4th was also by Longhorns also out of a de Cote daughter and there the similarity ended, but that was three-quarters. It even seems strange that Thomas Carwardine would use Anxiety on his three quarter sister when he had just acquired Lord Wilton but he did and, as they say, ‘The rest is history.’ Anxiety 4th was never exhibited in his homeland, but before he was 12 months old, he had been purchased by two Americans, Messrs Gudgell and Simpson, of Illinois for $400. These two men had become aware that if the Hereford was to beat the now wellestablished Shorthorn it had to first beat them at the slaughterhouse. After seeing the original Anxiety

winning State fairs Gudgell and Simpson came across to Herefordshire to inspect this calf that they had been told by telegram from Thomas Carwardine was the best hindquartered calf he had ever bred, or for that matter cast eyes on. They were a little perturbed by the fact that he was so inbred as inbreeding was a dirty word in the US. Thomas Carwardine explained to them how all the great bulls in the breed were the result of inbreeding and the concentration of his genes would ensure he was likely to be a most prepotent sire of his qualities. Anxiety 4th turned out to be just what Thomas Carwardine had predicted to such an extent that within 25 years the Hereford breed had taken possession of the western ranges. Within another ten years the great population of Herefords in North America all traced back in direct male descent to Anxiety 4th and of course to Longhorns, (W Taylor) by Mercury (P Turner) by Jupiter (P Turner) by Franky (T L Meire) by Lord Berwick’s Walford (Thomas Longmore) by Clungunford (Mr Howells) by Dinedor (Mr Fluck).

Anxiety 4th 43

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The Royal moved from one corner of England to the 1881 furthest corner for the 1880 show at Carlisle and so Senior honours at the 1881 Derby Royal went to did Aaron Rogers with his bull Grateful, again Pirate, bred and exhibited by Philip Turner, The Leen, and by his own bred Corsair, by his own bred Dictator, winning the Senior class. by Regulus bred by William Tudge, by Sir Roger bred by Ben Rogers by Sir Thomas.

Pirate Aaron Rogers The intermediate class was won by Conjuror bred and exhibited by John H Arkwright of Hampton Court. Conjuror was no stranger to the show ring having won the junior class at the Kilburn Royal as well as Hereford and Tredegar. He was sired by Concord bred by Mr T Edwards, a tenant on the Hampton Court Estate and by JHA’s Royal winner Sir Hungerford. JHA was in the habit of letting his tenants bring cows to his bulls and even loaning them bulls.

Philip Turner was probably the breed’s best salesman of the nineteenth century and with the combination of great interest in the breed developing in both the Americas and the antipodes and the proximity of the Pembridge railway station to The Leen he was able to culture a very good trade by mailing details of his herd to overseas clients and then meeting them at the station. Turner even used the new telegram service to send messages over the pond (or should it be under!). He needed some new blood and was well aware of the bull up the road, The Grove 3rd, bred by the ageing Ben Rogers. Most of the numerous visitors from overseas made a bee line for Pembridge railway station to see the herds at The Leen, Court House, The Grove and The Noke. Many would have stayed overnight at the New Inn, where the talk in the dining room from the many US visitors was all about ‘Herferds’ and The Grove 3rd in particular. One gentleman was heard to remark that he had stayed in the New Inns in both Bristol and Stratford and what a wonderful chain they were and was going to look into buying shares in the company!

Conjuror The junior class winner at just 10 months was Dale Tredegar bred by Mr J Bailey of Rosedale, Tenbury Wells and sired by W Taylor’s Tredegar, the winning old bull at the Birmingham Royal. The winning cow was Nanette, bred and exhibited by Thomas Myddleton of Beckjay, Aston-on-clun. She was by Baron, a grandson of Franky, and had been bred by the Rev Archer Clive of Whitfield, near Wormbridge, in south Herefordshire and still in the ownership of the Clive family. Nanette’s dam was by Nobleman, a son of Zeal, a twin by Sir Benjamin out of Governess a grand old cow who lived to thirty years of age, bred by Thomas Jeffries, The Grove. 44

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The Grove 3rd Even today it is obvious the power and muscle seen here in this picture of The Grove 3rd is something not seen in a Hereford before. The Grove 3rd, like Sir Benjamin, was the result of Ben sending some cows to a neighbour in Pembridge. Blossom by Sir Thomas and another cow were sent to to be mated to an aged bull called Horace at The Court House. Horace was bred by John Davies of Preston on Wye and sired by Frugality who was bred by H Gibbons of Hampton Bishop. Gibbons, like Davies was an unknown breeder and had bought Shamrock 2nd, the sire of Frugality, from Edward Price, The Court House. Shamrock 2nd was a grandson of Goldfinder 2nd Edward Price’s winning bull at the 1858 Royal that he had bought off the Perrys whose lineage through the Perry family at Monkland, Cholstrey and Much Cowarne went back to Lion 335, in Volume 1. ‘Bred by W Perry of Cholstrey, got by a bull bred by Mr T Jeffries out of a cow by Sovereign 404.’ There are no dates, but Sovereign was the sire of Cotmore who won the first Royal in 1839. So we can assume that the Prices and Perrys had carried this line for around thirty years with no notable animals appearing other than Goldfinder 2nd until Horace. In two other histories it is stated that John Price, who had returned from Australia to run The Court House following the death of his father, bought Horace as a scrawny calf from his breeder, but that never seemed

to add up to me as the bull never produced anything at The Court House until seven years of age. However, in the course of my research I visited Mr Jim Rogers now aged 94 and a great grandson of Ben Rogers. He assured me that what happened was that Ben Rogers set off on his pony and trap one day in the spring of 1872 to buy some bullocks from Mr Carpenter in the neighbouring parish of Eardisland. Whether this was the John Nelson Carpenter of Eadisland who had brought Sir David to Herefordshire, or his son is unknown. Ben had bought some the previous year and they had done exceptionally well and he had decided that he would buy the next crop and take a second look at the sire. Driving through Pembridge village he stopped to pass the time of day with John Price, who was on the roadside. Following his return to England John Price was determined to bring The Court House herd back to its former glory as it had deteriorated in the past decade. Ben told Price he was off to Eardisland to buy some bullocks and Price asked if he could come along for a ride, to which Rogers agreed. The two of them were both most impressed by the steers, but Carpenter had heard how well Ben had done with the previous bunch, and was asking what we now call silly money. Remembering the two cows 45

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progeny of non-registered females into the Herd Book, provided that the breeder could prove he had been using registered bulls for a certain number of years and the animals passed an inspection. These animals were called short pedigrees. A lot of the UK breeders thought it was more to do with the US breeders trying to inflate the value of their own cattle and create a seller’s market. Subsequently top breeders in the UK avoided using animals with short pedigrees for fear of scuppering their export chances.

Phillip Turner had set a precedent the previous year by providing refreshments for those in attendance and the Carwardine family followed suit. After the pre sale luncheon the champagne had all been consumed along with all the champagne in Leominster and a horse and carriage were despatched to Tanners wine merchants in Ludlow to bring more. One of those who had helped a great deal to deplete the stock was a man by the name of Vaughan, no relation of mine, as far as I know, as he was American. He was waving a telegram he had received from across the pond instructing him to buy certain cattle for a client. Another person not used to the champoo was Mr Shaw the farm manager for Mr James Rankin who was standing for parliament for the county and who had left after the luncheon instructing Mr Shaw to bid up to 2,000gns for Lord Wilton. There followed a bidding duel between Vaughan and Shaw with Lord Wilton getting knocked down for 3,800gns to Vaughan. But alas after the sale Vaughan was unable to complete the purchase of Lord Wilton or the six females he had bid on. The following day they were offered again and the females held their money but after a long tussle Lord Wilton sold for 1,000gns, the same as the opening bid the previous day.

The winning cow, Golden Treasure was bred and exhibited by the Earl of Coventry. She was a maternal sister to Good Boy and had been inside her dam Giantess when the Earl had paid 140gns for her at the Adforton sale. Her sire was also bred by William Tudge and out of his royal winning cow, Rosebud that sold for 150gns to J H Arkwright and on top of all that top breeding the paternal grand sire was a virtual brother to Lord Wilton. Lord Wilton was to be the star of a sale held that year following the untimely death of his owner T J Carwardine at Stocktonbury just north of Leominster. The presence of the great bull drew a huge crowd to the sale, local farmers, farm workers and townsmen

Lord Wilton being sold from Leominster and Hereford who had all heard of All in all it was a terrific sale with the 183 lots Lord Wilton came to see him as well as breeders from averaging a new breed record of ÂŁ125 and Lord all over the UK and overseas. Wilton becoming the first Hereford bull to sell for 51

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1,000gns. In those days an awful lot of champagne could be bought for £125 1885 John Price of The Courthouse took the Senior award at the Preston Royal with his own bred bull, Hotspur by Regulus bred by William Tudge, by Sir Roger. His dam was by Horace 2nd another by the original Horace.

Rare Sovereign cattle with noble appearances William Tudge Junior from Leinthall, had his first Royal winner with Regent, as well as being the breeder of Mr J H Yeomans’ winner, New Years Gift and Mr Kay of Preston’s winner, Apple Blossom. Regent, with two crosses of Sir Roger, was by his own bred Regal, a grandson of Horace. Hotspur from The Courthouse Rees Keene from Careleon in South Wales, who had Another Hotspur bred by T J Carwardine and exhibited been producing odd royal winners for a number of by H R Hall of Holme Lacy took the two-year-old years, produced two at the 1886 Royal; Reliance and award. He, like so many winners from Stocktonbury, Bangle both of whom were sired by Bangham. This was by Lord Wilton and out of a de Cote cow and he son of Lord Wilton was a shrewd purchase by Mr looked a more attractive bull. These two Hotspurs Keene who had bought him from James Rankin MP were also both paternal grandsons of Sir Roger, the prior to Mars winning the junior class the previous year. bull Ben Rogers had given William Tudge to replace his purchase that had died. 1887 The only breeder of any note from east Herefordshire, H W Taylor of Showle Court Ledbury, won the Senior class at the 1887 Royal at Newcastle with his home bred Maidstone, a bull taking his fourth title at the Royal in as many years. It is of note that in 1887 Maidstone was also a winner at the Royal Dublin as well as Oxford, Shropshire, Gloucester and Hereford county shows. Hotspur from Stocktonbury Mr James Rankin, the MP for Leominster, had just established a herd at Bryngwyn, five miles south of Hereford. His manager, who had been under bidder on the first auction of Lord Wilton, won the junior class for him with a grandson of the old bull: Mars by Bangham, who like so many top sons of Lord Wilton was out of a de Cote female. Maidstone as a yearling 1886 The Earl of Coventry won the senior class at the Maidstone was by Franklin who was not of the Franky Norwich Royal of 1886 with his own bred Good Boy, line like so many of the previous winners from Showle bred by himself and by his 1883 winner Fisherman. He Court but bred by T J Carwardine and sired by Lord also won the two-year-old class with Rare Sovereign, Wilton. a son of Good Boy. The three junior class winners were both from the Looking at Rare Sovereign, his grand sire Good Boy west of the county in the Vale of Arrow and all three and Great Grand sire Fisherman, it is evident that were sold to buyers from Buenos Aires. The youngest Lord Coventry from the UK nobilty, was breeding class was won by Arthur Turner from The Leen with 52


Tarquin by Sir Edward, another son of Lord Wilton from Stocktonbury. It is of note that the dam of Tarquin was by The Grove 3rd and Lord Wilton was by Sir Roger, both these sires being bred in Pembridge by Ben Rogers The Senior yearling class was won by Allen Hughes with Royal Head by Cheerful, his second Grove 3rd purchase off Ben Rogers.

Prince Alfred They had not suddenly become shorter and deeper and lost all their character; it was just that another artist was drawing them. E S Gauci seems to have taken over from A M Gauci, probably his son and not as talented the elder. Looking back through the previous drawings one realises how fortunate the breed was to have A M Garci. Who had been first employed Thomas by Thomas Duckham, some thirty years earlier? In winning the Championship Prince Alfred beat the three-year-old winner, Grove Wilton 3rd, bred and exhibited by Mr W H Cooke from Shelsey Kings, near Worcester. This aptly named bull by Lord Wilton was out of a daughter of The Grove 3rd bred at The Leen thus combining the blood of the two most successful sires in the breed, both grandsons of Sir Thomas.

Royal Head The other Junior Bull winner was the first of many to come from Lynhales, a country house in Lyonshall near Kington and home of Mr Stephen Robinson. His bull, Squire, was by Highland Laird of his own breeding by Horatius who was another son of Horace bred by Ben Rogers. Mr Robinson also won two firsts with heifers; Lily and White Spark 5th. The two heifers were both by Rose Stock, another bred by the late T J Carwardine by Lord Wilton and all three winners were sold to the same buyer in Argentina; Messrs F & M Yeomans. Other classes were won by JHA with a heifer by Rose Cross, H W Taylor with a Maidstone daughter who also went to Argentina and Rees Keene repeated his success of the previous year with his bull Regent. The breed was becoming polarised by the Lord Wilton and Horace lines and breeders were starting to question how the breed could stand losing all its top bulls and now females to rich overseas buyers.

Grove Wilton 3rd The winner of the junior class, Sir William, also headed south; this time to New Zealand to the home of Mr J Stuckey from Wellington. He was one of three winners from Mr H F Russell of Westonbury the former home of Thomas Rea in Pembridge. The trio were sired by Horace Hardwick, bred in Pembridge, at The Court House by John Price and sired by Hardwick Royal returned grandson of Horace and out of a Horace female, another half cross quarter making a great breeder.

1888 Although the US had disappeared from the market, South America and Australia, as well as New Zealand buyers were still keen And Prince Alfred, the twoyear-old winner and champion at the Nottingham Royal of 1888 was sold to Mr Reginald Wyndham of Branxton in New South Wales. Prince Alfred was awarded only the second ever Royal championship when he was exhibited by his breeder John Price, The Court House. He was by Monarch his Lord Wilton son that had won the junior class at the 1883 Royal. The Hereford breed had not altered in 12 months. 53

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1889 The Royal returned again to Windsor for the 1889 show where 38 years earlier Prince Albert had seen the wonderful show of pedigree Hereford’s and decided to found a Royal Herd at Windsor. It was fitting that the two-year-old class was won by his widow, Queen Victoria, the patron of the Hereford Herd Book Society. Her bull, Favourite, was yet another Royal winner bred by John Price, The Court House and by his Lord Wilton son Monarch.

junior class was yet another Lord Wilton grandson; Figaro, bred and exhibited by Mr J Rankin MP, whose farm manager had bid 3700gns for Lord Wilton after consuming to much champagne. Not only was Figaro a paternal grandson to his sire cicero, but his dam was also a granddaughter of the great bull. He was another half cross quarter and would probably have become a great breeder, but soon left for Australia and thus left no mark in the UK. The big event of the final year of the decade was the World’s Exposition held in Paris. Mr H W Taylor, a great believer in using the show ring to promote his herd and the breed, took his unbeaten Maidstone and returned with a gold medal for the champion bull. Maidstone was reputed to weigh 3,200lbs and was sold to an Argentinian buyer for $7,500 gold.

Favourite Favourite was beaten for the championship by another Lord Wilton grandson; Maidstone, the senior class winner from Showle Court who was winning at the Royal for the sixth successive year. Winner of the

Maidstone

Lord Wilton and two of his daughters at the Stocktonbury Sale, 1884 54


Chapter Seven – The 1890s Many winners for the Earl of Coventry and JHA and the emergence of Rees Keene, Captain Heygate, W H Barneby and William Griffiths of Aldersend but dominated by Allen Hughes and the ‘cabbage patch’ bull, Albion, the sire of the decade and Rodney Stone wins fourth prize at the Three Counties and is purchased by JHA 1890 Rare Sovereign became Lord Coventry’s third Royal aged bull winner at Plymouth in 1890. Mr W H Cooke of Shelsley Kings won the Two-yearold class with Grove Wilton 4th by his Royal winner of 1888, Grove Wilton 3rd. John Price of The Court House won the Yearling class with Statesman, that had earlier been Champion at H & W. He was another son of Monarch, who was proving to be Lord Wilton’s most successful son.

1891 Grove Wilton 4th was the winner of the Senior class the following year at the Doncaster Royal as well as numerous other shows including Merthyr Tydfil. The Two-year-old winner was Rose Cross 2nd, bred and exhibited by J H Arkwright of Hampton Court and full of north Herefordshire breeding being by Iroquois 3rd, by Iroquois bred by Allen Hughes, by Lord Wilton. His dam was Curly, by Rose Cross, by his Royal winner Conjuror.

Rose cross 2nd Allen Hughes won the Yearling class with Albion Statesman another north Hereford bull that he had bought from John Price was proving to be a master showman and N F Moore of Sutton St Nicholas where Mr Moore ran he was having all his pictures drawn with the four a market garden and also ran a few Herefords. Albion chimneys of The Court House in the background. A was got by Bruce, bred by Allen and exported to pity he could not find a better artist though. It was South America. It seems that because of Mr Moore’s now six years since W H Bustin took his photographs proximity to Hereford and the railway station, he was of the Stocktonbury sale and yet Hereford breeders able to collect bulls for export and deliver them to were still content with those awful drawings Hereford station when needed and could make use of them prior shipment. Allen was certainly making a mark in Hereford history as well as leaving a mark at Wintercott according to the present owner John Hanson, who informs me that when he was a boy, he would come across A E H carved on many gates, doors and other objects with just one surviving on a brick in the wall of the old hop kiln.

John Price with Horace, sometimes photography is more artistic than art 55

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Spring Jack drawing

Albion Possibly the best drawing by E S Gauci but probably the best bull he ever drew. The bull Allen Hughes had bought off Mr Moore the market gardener from Sutton St Nicholas; Albion whose male ancestry traced back to Good Boy, the Royal winner of the Earl of Coventry and sire of his 1890 Royal winner Rare Sovereign and from the Franky/Anxiety line. The Earl that day won the Cow class with Ladywood by his own bred Adelbert by The Grove 3rd. The other two female winners were a couple of heifers from Mr R Green, The Whittern, Lyonshall, named Perilla and Diana and both by Whittern Grove; the result of taking a cow to the neighbouring parish of Pembridge to be served by a friend’s bull; The Grove 3rd.

I cannot understand how The Hereford Herd Book Society continued employing E S Gauci to produce those schoolboy pictures of such wonderful animals. Below is a photograph of Spring Jack, showing what he was really like. I would think the E S Gaucia would have been better employed drawing cartoon pictures of politicians in the tabloid press.

Spring Jack with Robert Eckley’s daughter both born on the same day

Diana 1892 John Hungerford Arkwright was awarded his first Royal Championship in 1892 when his home bred, four-year-old Spring Jack beat all comers at the Warwick Royal. Out of a cow by his Royal winner Conjuror, Spring Jack was sired by another son of The Grove 3rd, Hilarity, bred at The Leen and owned by a gentleman whose descendants were to shape the Hereford breed over the next 70 years; a Mr Griffiths of Eyton, Leominster. 56

Albion repeated his success from the previous year in winning the Two-year-old class. He was also First at the Bath and West which was held at Swansea, Lord Tredegar‘s show held just outside Newport, Hereford show and The Royal Welsh, also held at Newport. However, it was a bull bred in the principality that took the Junior award at Warwick; Ruler, bred and exhibited by Rees Keene, now of Llanviangel Court, near Chepstow. Ruler was a son of Pembridge, not the 1851 royal winner bred by John Price but a winner of lesser prizes also bred by John Price and sired by his Royal winner Hotspur going back to Sir Roger. Ruler’s dam, Blanche 2nd, was by Reward, Mr Keene’s 1881 winner also going back to Sir Roger. As he was to play such a vital part of the breed’s development over the next 20 years, so Ruler’s picture by E S Gauci follows.


Lord Wilton cow. How apt that he should sell this young bull to Mr Yeld of Endale the adjoining farm to Stocktonbury where Lord Wilton had made his name.

Ruler Two females bred by the Earl of Coventry headed classes: his three year old Golden Fleece by Rare Sovereign, the Earl’s 1890 Royal winner by Good Boy and Bravura, a cow exhibited by Mr T Fenn from Lead on Stonebrook House near Ludlow, sired by Good Boy Mr Rees Keene of Chepstow produced another winner himself. in the Junior Heifer class with Blanche Pembridge, a full sister to Ruler his winner at Warwick the previous year. 1893 The Earl had a fourth Senior Bull winner at the 1894 Chester Royal of 1893 with Corydon, by Rare The bull on the title page of volume 25 of the HHBS Sovereign, by Good Boy, by his first Royal winner Fisherman. The Earl seemed to be ploughing a lone was Ancient Briton the property of Mr H H Clough furrow as virtually the only breeder carrying on the from Ohio USA, Champion at The World’s Fair in Franky/Anxiety line. Croydon’s dam was by Adonis, Chicago and Champion of all breeds at Springfield also by Good Boy. The Earl was proving to be a very Illinois, the dubbed the Greatest Bull on Earth. Bred successful breeder with his own bloodlines but they by William Tudge of Leinthall near Ludlow the son of did not seem to be making much impact on the breed the William Tudge who had bred Lord Wilton and as not many breeders seemed to be using his sired by Bourton, himself a son of Lord Wilton. bloodlines.

Ancient briton

Corydon

Leadon was again a winner as a two-year-old for his new owner Mr Yeld and Albion, ‘the cabbage patch bull’, made it three Royal Firsts compensating for his Second the previous year, as well as winning Firsts at a number of other shows including the Bath and West and Hereford.

Allen Hughes failed to make it three Royal Firsts in a row with Albion and had to be content with Second to the Earl’s bull. It was the first time in three years at numerous shows that Albion was beaten. It was ironic that he was one of the few winning bulls stemming from the Earl’s bloodlines as his grand sire was none other than Adonis also grand sire of the Earl’s winner, that day. Allen however won the Junior class that day with Leadon, by Seabreeze, also by Adonis and out of a

On top of that he sired the winner of the Yearling class; Liberty, the first of many Albion was to sire for Allen. The photograph of Liberty was the first of many by W H Bustin of Hereford, whose son I remember as 57

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an old man photographing a Champion steer for me The breed was now in the healthy position of having some sixty or so years later. three strong sire lines all descending from John Hewer’s breeding.

Liberty Arthur Turner, who had taken over from his father at The Leen, had his first Royal winner that day with Gwendoline, a paternal granddaughter of The Grove 3rd, who he himself had led back to The Leen from The Grove some 15 years earlier.

A The Sir David line through Sir Benjamin, Sir Thomas, Sir Roger. Lord Wilton and Monarch. B The Franky/Anxiety line starting with Dinedor through the Paris champion Walford through Fisherman and Good Boy and now Albion. C The Horace Line through Frugality, back to Lion and now mostly stemming from The Grove 3rd or Old Grove as he was becoming known. One wonders where the Hereford breed would be without the contributions of the Rogers family, with Ben breeding Sir Benjamin and Sir Roger plus The Grove 3rd, nephew Thomas breeding Fisherman, while nephew Aaron had produced Grateful and Archibald both double Royal winners and both exported to the USA. 1895 John H Arkwright took another Senior Bull title at the Darlington Royal with Happy Hampton, following wins at the S &W M S at Shrewsbury, the B & W at Taunton and the first H & W S at Worcester. His winner was by Hilarious, the same sire as his previous winner and out of a female by the Earl of Coventry’s Good Boy.

Arthur turner W H Bustin’s photo below shows the depth of flesh Gwendoline had inherited from her grand sire.

Happy Hampton Happy Hampton would have packed a lot of beef, but there would have been a lot of cheap stuff on him. He was what they called in those days, ‘a brick on four legs. The last thing one would have called him however would be athletic Allen Hughes won the Junior Male class for the third successive year with Ladas by Albion and they were all Gwendoline out of the same family The first two out of Lofty and Mr R Green of The Whittern produced another Ladas was out of Lofty 2nd a full sister to Leadon, his Royal winning heifer that year: Sister Perilla again 1893 winner. Ladas was sold to Queen Victoria and W by Whittern Grove and thus another grandaughter of H Bustin had to travel to Windsor to take his photograph. ‘Old Grove’. Ladas was not stood to best advantage and I wonder why? The Earl of Coventry won the Cow class with a Was it the Queen’s fancy as I have not noticed Bustin daughter of Rare Sovereign named Ranee. photographing other cattle in this way before? 58


This was Bustin’s first photograph featuring the been first at three Royals. Even Queen Victoria was Queen’s coat of arms and from then on it featured on using a son of ‘the cabbage patch bull’ now. all of his photographs of cattle.

Allen Hughes with bunch of bulls at Wintercott Ladas Ladas did not stay long at Windsor and within less than twelve months he was on his way to Argentina having been purchased by Señor Leonardo Pereyra. Had Her Majesty become a cattle dealer? I cannot help thinking her response to that quip would have been ‘we are not amused’.

J H A on Bagpipes outside Hampton Court 1896 There was another Royal winner for J H Arkwright at the Leicester Royal of 1896 in the Old Bull class with Queen Victoria Prince Bulbo, one of six wins that year for this son of Allen also won the Two-year-old class with Liberty, Rose Cross 2nd, winner in 1891. JHA also won the his Junior winner from the previous year. Junior class with Montezuma by Good Cross by the Arkwright and Hughes were both at the top of their Earl of Coventry’s Royal winner Good Boy. game and at this time were the two leading breeders. Wintercott was a small 150-acre farm whereas the Hampton Court estate covered three parishes and around 6000 acres. Allen Hughes would travel in the cattle wagon to the shows and sleep in the straw along with Arkwright’s cattleman, Robert Eckley, while JHA would follow a couple of days later travelling first class. In those days the trains were mostly on time! Arriving at the show city the evening before or even on the morning of the show, Arkwright would have stayed in the top hotels or rented an entire house for the week. Prince Bulbo Hereford breeders were of all sorts of backgrounds; the aristocrats, industrialists, owners of large estates, Too short, especially in the neck and too deep, tenant farmers and market gardeners such as Mr especially through the shoulders and those hind Moore of Sutton St Nicholas whose bull Albion had legs! But one has to admit an abundance of cover. 59 CLICK to ORDER


Rodney Stone was by his own bull Romance who never won much, by his own bred Ruler that had been First at the Warwick Royal, a full brother to his First Prize Heifer at The Chester Royal Blanche Pembridge, both by Pembridge who also never won much but was bred by John Price and carried two crosses of Sir Roger. Whether JHA himself had a good eye or relied Robert Eckley’s judgement. Rodney Stone went back to Hampton Court. It was a shrewd move to buy a Fourth Prize bull when exhibiting the Champion. Rodney’s dam Fan Bangham was by Bangham, a son of Lord Wilton and out of a de Cote cow, and Bangham was also the sire of Rodney’s sire’s dam, making Rodney a half cross quarter, like so many great sires. Another point that may have attracted JHA to Rodney was the fact that he had sold the maternal grand dam, Fancy to Rees Keene as a heifer. John Hungerford Arkwright, now in his sixties, had spent most of his life breeding his Herefords and had been a long-time president of the HHBS but buying Rodney Stone was his greatest contribution to the breed. I would think Rodney was a longer, trimmer bull than the Hampton Court cattle and JHA or Robert Eckley was probably aware of what was needed in his herd and saw it in Rodney Stone. I suspect that

JHA was more of a hands-on breeder than many of his class in that he is often pictured holding the halters of his cattle. 1899 1899 did not look a vintage year with Tedstone President topping the Senior class at the Royal which was held at Maidstone, as well as H&WAS at Stourbridge. Exhibited by Mr Edgar Wight of Tedstone Court near Bromyard, Tedstone President was another winner bred by Sir C Rouse Boughton of Downton Hall, Ludlow, and sired by Royalist 3rd who sired Royal Hero, the bull exhibited by Mr Yeld three years earlier. Allen Hughes again had two winners as the beautiful Wintercott Plum again won and the youngest male class was won by her younger brother Prosperous. Their sire, Albion after winning in the show ring in 1891, 1892 and 1894 was proving to be even more successful as a sire fathering at least one winner in six successive years and there were still more to come. The cabbage patch bull and sire of the decade in the 1890s. A bull of the 19th century that would look great in the 21st.

Albion the Sire of the Decade 62


These two wins would put a smile on any face.

Wintercott Plum Repeated her previous year’s success. A Smiling Queen Victoria The last three animals have all traced back to three sons of that old bull that Ben Rogers was off to see when John Price hitched a ride.. The contribution made to the breed by cattle from The Grove is without parallel. Cotmore the first Royal winner and other important cattle, including Cotmore’s maternal brother Hope, both bred by Thomas Jeffries, Hope’s son Confidence, the Senior winner at the 1843 Royal, also exhibited by Thomas but bred by his aunt. Then the great sires bred by Ben Rogers; including, Sir Benjamin, his grandson, Sir Roger (the sire of Lord Wilton) and Old Grove (The Grove 3rd)

Wintercott Plum Allen’s other winner was her younger brother, Protector soon sold for £150 to Sir J Pulley from Lower Eaton, Eaton Bishop, Hereford, whose herd was also to play a big part in the history of the breed. Second to Protector was another Albion son, Britisher that was sold to Mr Edward Farr, The Court of Noke, Pembridge from where Chance had been bought by David Williams. Allen’s rival John H Arkwright was again successful with Red Cross who was also Champion at the H & W. Mr Rees Keene from Chepstow was awarded Fourth prize at H&W with a bull called Rodney Stone.

The Grove painting courtesy of Mrs R A Owens Another farm further down the Vale of Arrow then took over the mantel: Wintercott in Ivington, the residence of Allen Hughes, who was awarded two firsts, at the 1898 Royal.

Rees Keene 61

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Rodney Stone was by his own bull Romance who never won much, by his own bred Ruler that had been First at the Warwick Royal, a full brother to his First Prize Heifer at The Chester Royal Blanche Pembridge, both by Pembridge who also never won much but was bred by John Price and carried two crosses of Sir Roger. Whether JHA himself had a good eye or relied Robert Eckley’s judgement. Rodney Stone went back to Hampton Court. It was a shrewd move to buy a Fourth Prize bull when exhibiting the Champion. Rodney’s dam Fan Bangham was by Bangham, a son of Lord Wilton and out of a de Cote cow, and Bangham was also the sire of Rodney’s sire’s dam, making Rodney a half cross quarter, like so many great sires. Another point that may have attracted JHA to Rodney was the fact that he had sold the maternal grand dam, Fancy to Rees Keene as a heifer. John Hungerford Arkwright, now in his sixties, had spent most of his life breeding his Herefords and had been a long-time president of the HHBS but buying Rodney Stone was his greatest contribution to the breed. I would think Rodney was a longer, trimmer bull than the Hampton Court cattle and JHA or Robert Eckley was probably aware of what was needed in his herd and saw it in Rodney Stone. I suspect that

JHA was more of a hands-on breeder than many of his class in that he is often pictured holding the halters of his cattle. 1899 1899 did not look a vintage year with Tedstone President topping the Senior class at the Royal which was held at Maidstone, as well as H&WAS at Stourbridge. Exhibited by Mr Edgar Wight of Tedstone Court near Bromyard, Tedstone President was another winner bred by Sir C Rouse Boughton of Downton Hall, Ludlow, and sired by Royalist 3rd who sired Royal Hero, the bull exhibited by Mr Yeld three years earlier. Allen Hughes again had two winners as the beautiful Wintercott Plum again won and the youngest male class was won by her younger brother Prosperous. Their sire, Albion after winning in the show ring in 1891, 1892 and 1894 was proving to be even more successful as a sire fathering at least one winner in six successive years and there were still more to come. The cabbage patch bull and sire of the decade in the 1890s. A bull of the 19th century that would look great in the 21st.

Albion the Sire of the Decade 62


Chapter Eight – The 1900s Albion son Protector sold for record £1,200, W T Barneby wins Gold Medal in Paris for best bull of any breed, Queen Victoria dies and Edward VII takes over the Royal herd and patronage of the Society and promptly produces three Royal Winners, JHA dies and his legacy to the breed, Rodney Stone, starts to attract attention as a sire, Allen Hughes buys Pearl King at JHA’s dispersal and wins at the Royal with him and William Griffiths emerges as a prominent breeder.

John Hungerford Arkwright centre with Spring Jack, Royal Champion 1892. Head cattleman Robert Eckley right with Red Cross, Royal Champion 1897 & 1898 & another herdsman left with Rose Cross 2nd, Royal Champion 1893 1900 Winning Senior Bull at the new century’s first Royal at York was an Albion son; Protector, exhibited by Sir J Pulley, who had bought him when he won the Junior class two years earlier. Protector had earlier been H&W Champion at Leominster and was sold to some US visitors at the show for the record price of £1,200

Lemster

Protector the record price Hereford Bull at £1,200 63

Allen Hughes, his breeder had yet another First Prize winner by Albion with Lemster (lovely name) in the yearling class that was also exported to USA; to John Sparks the illustrious governor of Nevada for his Alamo Ranch, near Reno. Allen also won with the heifer Ladylike 2nd not by Albion, but out of a daughter and by Lavender, bred at The Vern by Mr W Price who had purchased the property from John Hewer. CLICK to ORDER


H W Taylor, whose face had been missing from the top of the line for some years, other than his tremendous success at Paris the previous year made a Royal Show comeback that year with his two-yearold Sorcerer bred at The Leen. Sired by Clarence bred up the road from The Leen at Court of Noke and by Merlin also bred at The Leen by The Grove 3rd who was still having an influence. Also, in 1900 Mr W T Barneby of Saltmarshe Castle near Bromyard won First and gold medal with his bull Ophir at the International Exhibition in Paris and with four females won the Grand Pric D’Honneur. Ophir was a son of Barneby’s own bred Depositor who had been Third at the Royal and by Banker, bred by the Earl of Coventry and by his Royal winner Rare Sovereign who was a great great great grandson of Walford the gold medal winner for the best bull of all breeds at the Paris exhibition in 1883 when shown by Lord Berwick.

Breed Champion at Birmingham & Norwich in 1899 and Supreme interbreed Champion at Smithfield in 1899 and sold for £150 after winning over £800 in prize money.

The Queens Ox, Champion at Smithfield 1898

Mr W T Barneby, with the four females that with Ophir, won the Grand Prix D’Honeur 1901 The Royal Agricultural Society of England held their In January 1901 the HHBS lost its patron Queen 1901 show at Cardiff and the three male classes were all Victoria shortly after she had won the prize for the won by Wintercott bulls.Winner of the Old Bull class Champion Ox at Smithfield, sired by Ladas from and Champion was Britisher by Albion, exhibited by Wintercott. The Society was fortunate that King Mr E Farr, Court Of Noke, Pembridge. Britisher, bred Edward VII took on both the patronage and the royal by Allen Hughes, and by Albion, had been bought by herd at Windsor. Mr Farr when second to his half-brother Protector The Queen’s ox would not be unlike a lot of the fat two years earlier at the Royal. Britisher then followed cattle in Hereford in my youth. He had an illustrious Protector to America where he was so successful a career in the show ring, being first prize under two- sire, that many of his descendants nowadays have year-old at Birmingham and Smithfield in 1898, Britisher in their names. 64


Ringer was the talking bull of the show and after an Argentinian buyer refused to pay William’s asking price of £250 Stewart Robinson stepped in and came up with the money after having sold Gainsbrough to Señor Leonardo Pereyra at the show. Thus Stewart Robinson, having used a son and grandson of Rodney Stone had now bought a double cross of Rodney Stone.

Mr L M Garbutt, the new occupier of The Leen, got some return on his investment with the top price of 205gns for his second prize Leen General, a son of Mariner the Irish bred grandson of Rodney Stone that had topped The Leen sale at 360gns. Second top price was from a new, though reluctant Hereford breeder. Harry Griffiths, son of William, had always wanted to be an artist but his father ridiculed his ambition and who would want to be on the wrong side of the stern looking William Griffiths?

Ringer Female Champion was Clive Iris 3rd, bred and exhibited by F Bibby, Hardwicke Grange, near Shrewsbury. Iris, winning her second Royal, was by Weston Star, by Newton Star, bred by Mr Butters and sired by Rattler bred by R T Griffiths, Eyton. Overall Reserve and Female Champion was Mr W B Tudge with Ffrwdgrech Arabis, bred by J D D Evans and sired by Linacre, bred by Allen Hughes and by his Royal Champion Pearl King, bred by JHA and a grandson of Rodney Stone. William Griffiths

Ffrwdgrech Arabis Talking of Allen Hughes, he was the winner of two remaining classes, winning both the Senior Yearling Bull with Luckington and the Yearling Heifer with Pictavia, both by Panbula his winning yearling in 1912. 1916 There was a slight increase in numbers sold with the average price up to £42 at the Society’s sales of 1916, probably helped by the rise in the price of beef because of the war.

The Cock Horned Cow by Harry Griffiths 81

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Harry had therefore agreed to breed Herefords, producing bovine rather than artistic masterpieces, and started farming at Little Tarrington, overlooked by his father at Aldersend. He got off to a wonderful start making 180gns with his first bull, Battlement, a price which most breeders could only dream of. One could easily say he was born with a silver spoon in his mouth. True, he did start with half a dozen cows from Aldersend, but three were by a bull, Ex-President, who had made no name for himself. Battlement’s parents however came from two herds that have not been mentioned in this work to date. He was out of a cow bred by Mr A Tanner of Shrawardine near Shrewsbury and his sire was Bounds Defence, a bull Tanner had bought from Mr H Weston of Much Marcle, better known to posterity as a cider maker. Defence was by Buckland Captain, by Eaton Bobs, by Protector from Wintercott. Not the most impressive pedigree, probably beginners luck! Mr Pulley, the breeder of Eaton Bobs, had three of the principal priced bulls including the third top Eaton Gambler that sold for 155gns to Mrs Medlicott, widow of Richard, of Bodenham. Eaton Gambler was a son of Eaton Topper, by Buckland Topper, by Highland Prince, by Cameronian, the H&WAS Champion from Buckland. Captain Heygate, Mr Pulley and Mr Butters were three breeders who were successfully breeding from their own sires most of the time. In fact Charles Pulley was better known as a breeder of thoroughbreds and horses bred at his Lower Eaton stud won a total of 460 races. Mr Butters had his second H&WAS Champion, this time of his own breeding, with Newton Albion, the bull that had been the winning Two-year-old at the previous Royal show.

her performance at the Royal and then departed for USA, where her horns would be the match for any Texas Longhorn!

Royal Female Champion 1916, Madrigal

The Male Championship was the first for a longestablished family of Hereford breeders represented by Mr T L Walker of Knightwick. His descendants still breed Herefords today and they can be seen grazing the riverside meadows on the A44 road between Bromyard and Worcester. The old A44 passed by the homes of some great herds. On leaving Worcester, after passing Elgar’s birthplace at The Firs, it passes Crown East the home of Mr H T Tooby’s herd, on the other side is Heath Grange, the birthplace of Starlight. at Knightwick is Ankerdine, another branch of the Walker family, between Bromyard and Leominster it passes Buckland, the home of Captain Heygate and later it passes Cholstrey, the home of the bull Cholstrey, bred by W Vaughan. It now by passes the beautiful village of Eardisland from where so many Royal winners were bred by Nelson Carpenter in the 1850s and passes on to the next village Pembridge, where we find The Court House, Twyford and The Leen all famed for record breaking sales. Also on the edge of the village is The Court of Noke from whence came Chance the sire of Sir David, and next door is The Grove home of Cotmore where Ben Rogers bred among others the greatest son of Sir David, Sir Benjamin, who was sold to Thomas Rea of Westonbury further up the A44. The next farm after Westonbury is Weston Court, home of Charlie Morris and Weston Masterpiece, the first five figure priced UK bull. Then onto Lyonshall, passing by The Brook where little Harry Jones was to produce so many winners, as had Richard Green of The Whittern. Finally, still in Lyonshall you reach Lynhales, where Gainsborough, Ringer, , Resolute and Champion H & WAS 1916 Newton Albion Mansel Handyman had all grazed. If we had taken a Female Champion was Madrigal from the Earl of slight detour of hardly a mile at Leominster we could Coventry, a daughter of Maxwell, yet another by Lord have visited Stocktonbury, home of Lord Wilton and Lieutenant, bred by Arthur Turner. Madrigal repeated birthplace of Anxiety 4th. 82


Thomas Lawson Walker’s Royal Champion of 1916 Australia despite the fact that most breeders were losing was Sentry, who had been second to Newton Albion at over 5% of their herds each year through eye cancer. The breed must have had some wonderful attributes to H&WAS and turned the tables on him at the Royal. compensate.

Sentry, Royal Champion 1916

Bodenham Foreman

He was bred by Mr P W Taylor of Birchend, Ledbury, who had been breeding Herefords for thirty years and was probably a cousin to the more renowned H W Taylor, with both branches of the family tracing back to Thinghill. Sentry had an interesting pedigree, being by Marathon, bred by Mr R G Griffiths of Madley, by Marcellus that traced back via numerous Herefordshire breeders to Post Obit bred by JHA and by his Royal Champion Conjuror. His male lineage then went back another five generations to Sir Thomas himself, unlike all the other male lines of Sir Thomas that went through his son Sir Roger. It is strange that after eleven generations of this male line, mostly undistinguished, a Royal Champion should appear and then the line dies out, as it did.

Salopian, Mr Frank Bibby won the Senior Yearling class with Clive Hopeful, got by Crusader who was another bred by Mr Barneby and by Rougemont, by Rodney Stone. Mr Barneby was one of a number of breeders whose influence on the breed occurred after their death or dispersal of the herd. Mr Bibby also took Reserve Female Champion with Clive Lady 6th, also by Crusader, and had another class winner with a daughter of Faraam Master, a bull bred in South Wales going back to the Irish bull Mariner. The first of many Royal winners from Mr Richard Octavius Rees of Three Cocks, Breconshire and his descendants, later at Phocle, was Miss Gordon by Gamecock, a bull bred at The Vern by Mr T P Smith. Gamecock traced through two Eaton sires to Strafford, bred at The Leen and by Sir Edward, by Lord Wilton. Besides record sales in the spring, nearly 500 head were exported. What a year! 1917 A record average of ÂŁ65 for 172 bulls at the March sale in Hereford was topped by the Champion Turgot at 320gns. It was the first major success for a family herd that would produce more winning cattle in the next 100 years than any other breeders. Turgot was exhibited by Mr J Lewis, The Haven, Dilwyn and purchased by Captain R T Hinckes of Mansell Court, Mansell Lacy. His sire was Leyburn, bred by Allen Hughes, by Lucus also bred by Hughes and by Newbury also bred by him, by his JHA bred Royal Champion Pearl King, a grandson of Rodney Stone. Turgot was shown by Miss Lewis as her brother Edward who was in charge of the herd was serving in the Royal Army. Second top at 250gns was H R Griffiths with the second prize Star Ringer who was out of a cow sired by Starlight and by Magnitude, a bull he had acquired from Mr

Mr P W Taylor achieved a unique double that year by breeding the winner of the Two-year-old class, Merry Monarch, exhibited by Mr W D Davies of Weston Beggard, a village about four miles to the east of Hereford and of very rich land unlike its name which sounds like beggared. Probably one of the strengths of the breed was the number of Herefordshire farmers who bred pedigree cattle mostly for beef but occasionally having a calf worth keeping for a bull. Mrs Medlicott was awarded Reserve Champion with Bodenham Foreman, winner of the Junior Yearling Class and one of the first offspring of Fearless Fortune, her purchase in Hereford two years earlier. Foreman headed off to South Africa and I do not know if he was bought for his big brown pigmented eyes which were later found to restrict the incidence of eye cancer in hot, tropical climates. I have always found it remarkable that the Hereford could rise to be the number one breed in 83

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J R Hill of Orleton Manor in the north of the county. Magnitude’s sire Shelsley Sovereign was by Eaton Sovereign, by Glendower 2nd, a bull Mr Pulley had bought from Allen Hughes and didn’t seem to use much but was to have as much influence as Rodney Stone in the development of UK Herefords. Allen Hughes had the third top price of 240gns with Pemberton, by Newton Monarch, by Baronet, going back to Tumbler. Captain Hinckes from Mansell Lacy had three prizewinners as well as winning the group of three that sold to average just under £150, which was quite an achievement for a herd not heard of before. The reason was that he had bought Starlight from William Griffiths and probably employed a better feeder than William. Starlight had done his job at Aldersend and as well as a host of beautiful females, William Griffiths had retained what he considered a superior son; Royal Oyster who was out of a cow bought from Mr Bright of Ivingtonbury which would have adjoined Griffiths’ former farm, Brierley Court. Was Royal Oyster the first Hereford bull with Butterflies, those little white markings on the bottom of his rear end?

Father Christmas a bull he had bred as Mr D A Thomas and sired by Broadward Champion, by His Majesty bred by J Edwards on the outskirts of Leominster, that went back to Lord Wilton’s son Monarch.

Lord Rhondda with cow & calf at Llanwern Park

Because of the war there were no shows that year. Despite the ongoing conflict over 300 head left for overseas pastures. There were however a number of sales of which the most important was the sale at Newton Farm near Leominster where Mr George Butters dispersed his At the March sale the former Mr D A Thomas MP, now herd. The thirty five cows averaged over £130 with Lord Lord Rhondda of Llanwern Park, Newport sold the top Rhondda, Captain Heygate, Sir J Cotterell and exporters priced bull, Snowdrift at 200gns. Snowdrift was sired by among the buyers.

William Griffiths holding Royal Oyster, a modern type of Hereford with length of spine and strength of loin . 84


1918 The last year of the war and there were no shows, not even at the sales, where in March a record price of 1,450gns was received by Lord Rhondda for his yearling bull Reformer. The bull had been bought inside its dam, Lady Mona, from Mr J Bounds, The Lowe, Pembridge, another Herefordshire farmer who bred good cattle mostly for the beef market. His sire was Conway, bred by Mr Bray of Dormington and by Broadheath Maxim who we will hear of again later. Maxim was by Langthorne, bred by Allen Hughes Starlight and himself by Allen’s Royal Champion Pearl King Top price in April was received by William bred by JHA, by Commandant, by Rodney Stone. Griffiths for another Eaton Royalist son, Aldersend Commander, purchased by Mr Garbutt at 320gns for his herd at The Leen. Second top was the 200gns paid for Bodenham Gallant from Mrs Medlicott and sired by another Eaton bull, Gambler that she had paid third top price for in 1916. During the summer Col E H Taylor Junior from Kentucky, serving in the UK and on a spot of leave, visited Lynhales, and was shown around by the stockman, as Stewart, now Major Robinson, was serving in the Royal Army. He had hoped to see Ringer, the son of Starlight, and was told he had been Record priced Reformer, sold for1,450gns sold to Mr S C Hayter of Twyford in the neighbouring Lord Rhondda also had second top price of 470gns village. He was then shown the stock bull of the time, for America by Sir Sam bred by his Lordship, when that Major Robinson had bought two years previous he was still Mr Thomas MP and by Father Christmas, and had been bred by Ringer’s breeder William who sired the top price bull the previous year. Sir Griffiths and was by Royal Oyster, who like Ringer, Sam, who a lot more will be heard of, was out of a was also by Starlight. He was out of an Aldersend cow cow bred by the other Thomas from Barry in Cardiff by Commander, a bull Stewart had sold to William and she traced through a cow from James Rankin MP and by Commandant bred by JHA and by ‘you know to a cow bought from Stocktonbury by Longhorns, who’ and thus like Ringer had two shots of Rodney Stone. We do not know if the Colonel knew this, but the sire of the first Anxiety. Three bulls made 400gns. The first was Lulsley he was so impressed with the bull that he wired Major Admiral from Mr T Powell of Worcester, sired by Robinson at the War Office, where he was working, Jellicoe and bred by himself by Pentwyn Rougemont, offering him £3,500 for him. The first reply was that a son of Mr Barneby’s Rougemont, by Rodney Stone. Robinson could not possibly accept three hundred Second was Mansel Truthful from Capt Hinckes who and fifty. The zero was then added and the deal was sold five Starlight bulls to average £273. 5s. There is done and another great bull left these shores. It is a no record of what Capt Hinckes paid William Griffiths shame that JHA did not live to see what an immense for Starlight but whatever the price, it was a bargain. impact Rodney Stone was having on the breed as it The third 400gn bull that day was from William was he who had started the Rodney Stone rolling! It Griffiths himself. Aldersend Masterpiece, by Eaton is also a real pity that there are no known surviving Royalist the top priced bull in 1915 at 140gns and photographs of this bull who was so influential. without any blood of Rodney Stone, a name that was The price for One Royal was a new breed record of synonymous with Aldersend. Masterpiece sold to £3,500 and his picture explains why. Mr Owen Williams, another rich industrialist who Stewart Robinson only let him go because he had was setting up a herd at Cowbridge in the Vale of another ace up his sleeve, a son of Ringer called Resolute, that was earmarked for use in the herd. Glamorgan. 85 CLICK to ORDER


One Royal record priced Hereford bull at £3,500 Resolute was a testimony to Rodney Stone and John the Wintercott herd to be in the same street as the Hungerford Arkwright for besides inheriting two Llanwern herd. The star of the sale was Sir Sam who shots of Rodney from his sire Ringer, he had another had sired the top priced bull in Hereford earlier in shot from his maternal grandsire Gainsborough by the the year. After long and protracted bidding he was Rodney Stone son Lord Lieutenant bred by JHA and knocked down for 2,300gns to a Mr G H Drummond Resolute’s Orange female line also came from JHA. I of Pitsford Manor, Northamptonshire with Mr C have been involved or attached to Hereford cattle all T Thompson a businessman from the other side of my life and until I started writing this book and had Cardiff the underbidder. Sir Sam was bred by a Lord never heard of Rodney Stone nor Mr Meire. Neither and was a direct male descendant of Lord Wilton by had I heard of One Royal, who must surely have been Sir Roger. the best Hereford ever bred at the time and well worthy of that record price. On 10th of October Allen Hughes held a dispersal sale at Wintercott where his sixty three lots averaged £142. 17s and among the buyers were Señor Leonardo Pereyra from Argentina, who paid 510gns for a heifer, T L Walker of Knightwick, Owen Williams and P & G Hughes, exporters. On 22nd of October following the death of Lord Rhondda a sale of his herd was held at Llanwern Park where the two hundred and four lots averaged £206 and grossed Sir Sam sold for 2,300gns £42,099. Lord Rhondda had achieved considerable success at recent sales at Hereford which On November 8th, three days before the end of the drew a large crowd of established breeders. First World War, a huge crowd assembled at Twyford, With the war nearly over there were quite a few of Pembridge for the sale of the herd of Mr S C Hayter, the nouveau riche present who had not considered who had bred nothing of note. So why the interest? 86


Was it because he was a son in law to John Price, The Court House and had some Court House blood? It was not that either. It was the sale of Ringer, his offspring and service. Mr Hayter had held a sale in 1915 that had been a bit of a disaster when only twenty two cows sold to average just £64. He was told that if he

The eighty two lots average of £532 10s 6d was a record as was the gross of £44,732 2s 0d. Mr T R Thompson of Erwr Delyn, Penarth, under bidder on Ringer after also being under bidder on Sir Sam was later talking to the Secretary of the HHBS, Mr W Britten, ruing missing out on Ringer. He asked

Ringer sold for a record price of 9,000 gns at the Twyford sale of Mr S C Hayter were to have another sale, he needed a star to ring the church bells to attract the buyers. He had found him in the next parish of Lyonshall: Ringer at Lynhales. After some spirited bidding between three wealthy businessmen, Ringer was knocked down for 9,000gns, a world record for a Hereford bull, to Mr E V Stevens of Pershore. Ringer’s son, Twyford Ringer sold for 2,100gns and stayed in Pembridge when bought by Mr W Smith, the new owner of The Leen. Mr Owen Williams paid 2,000gns for the cow Wetmore Emerald, bred by Mr T Luce and by Bodenham Leo, by Locarno who had sired three Royal winners for Mrs Medlicott. It was a ridiculous price for a cow, with very little in her breeding to justify it. She probably had a good calf by Ringer and was served by him again, but you only need two bidders with more money than knowledge and everybody in a wonderful mood awaiting the surrender of Germany and looking forward to good times to achieve such a price. Mr Williams also gave 1,400gns for a son of Ringer that day and a lot of other high priced cattle.

Mr Britten if he could find him another bull as good. Britten replied, “Yes, two and a half miles up the road. I will take you to see him if you like, I dare say he could be bought for 8,000gns and he is a better bull.” Mr Thompson said he did not have the time, as the train was due in 25 minutes, but if the bull was as good as Mr Britten described him, that Britten should buy the bull for him and get it delivered to Penarth. This was an incredible amount of money (nearly half a million in 2020) to pay for a bull unseen, but Mr Britten did the deal with Stewart Robinson and bought Resolute for 8,000gns with the proviso that he could have his pick of the bull calves from his first crop for £1,000. Stewart Robinson had sold Starlight, and now Resolute. Where was he to find a replacement? I would imagine Mr Britten had a few restless nights waiting to hear from Mr Thompson. A few days after the bull was delivered, Mr Britten received the cheque from Mr Thompson thanking him and commenting that the bull was even better than had been described. 87 CLICK to ORDER


Resolute sold for 8,000gns

the Irish bull imported by Arthur Turner. Major Stewart Robinson purchased the fourth top price animal at 800gns to follow two bulls from William Griffiths. This time he bought from Harry Griffiths. There are a couple of brothers now called William and Harry the younger of which had a son Archie yesterday. Their family have won many Championships with Hereford cattle but there is no longer a royal herd and if somebody reading this book has any connections to these two princes, maybe they could suggest it was about time one of them or Archie started a new royal herd! Back to the bull bred by Harry Griffiths, Star Shell, out of a Starlight cow and by Star Ringer, a bull he had sold for the second top price in 1917 and also out of a cow by Starlight. It was in 1919 that a calf was born at Little Tarrington out of another Starlight cow, Gulnare from Aldersend. The calf was by Eaton Silver who had been First at the H&WAS in 1913. Eaton Silver had been used by his breeder Mr C T Pulley and later by Mr Dent of Yarkhill, a close neighbour of Harry. Harry must have bought, hired or borrowed Eaton Silver because that year there were a dozen or so calves at Little Tarrington by him. He must have thought a lot of the calf out of Gulnare, because he named him Glittering Gold and he wouldn’t give that name to any old calf but, like his sire, he seemed to disappear for four or five years. Harry Griffiths did not use Glittering Gold but sold, hired or lent him to Mr Dent. Messrs Weston also topped the March and April sale with sons of Conquest; Imperialist in March at 900gns to Lord Cawley and Ivanhoe in April at 720gns to Las Cabezaas Estanca Co. If ever there was a Sire of the Year in those days it would have to have been Conquest.

1919 The first February sale was held in 1919, when 75 bulls averaged £199. 18s, just two bob (10p) short of £200. Topping the market at 1,550gns was the Champion, Bounds Ideal, from H Weston and Sons of Much Marcle who were now much more than just cider makers with sixteen bulls registered in the year and the majority, like Bounds Ideal, were by Conquest. The sire of their Champion was bred by Mr J Yeomans of Derndale and went back, via Breconshire, to Albatross bred at Hampton Court and by Allen Hughes’s sire Albion. Three Bounds bulls won the group award including the second prize Bounds Investment, also by Conquest and was the fifth best seller at 650gns. Investment and Ideal were both bought for export. Later that year Messrs Weston used the money from the aptly named Investment to purchase a brand-new livestock lorry and the following January arrived in style in Hereford with their bulls. Most of the bulls at that time walked to Hereford or travelled by rail from stations at Kington, Pembridge, Leominster, Ledbury, Stoke Edith and further afield and were mostly loaded at 5am after a walk of up to four miles. A few breeders such as JHA had horse drawn bull carts. I remember an old Bodenham character Bailey Knott telling me that they used to borrow Arkwright’s bull cart to take their bull in but could only have it on the sale day and thus were not able to show their bulls. As a Bodenham boy, I did not realise until now how good a herd Mrs Medlicott ran at Bodenham Court as she had the second top price of 1150gns with Bodenham Goldsmith by Eaton Gambler, the sire of her second top price in April 1918. Conquest, unofficial “Sire of the Year 1919” Third top at 950gns was Royal Jewel from W H Jones of Llanthomas Farm just across the Welsh border Mrs Medlicott had second top in March with near Hay-on-Wye. His sire, Royal Ruler, was of their Bodenham Graft by Eaton Gambler at 500gns paid breeding, as was his sire Royal Marine, by Mariner by Mr D Davies MP. 88


By now Starlight was renowned worldwide and following Goodenough’s victory, Percy, only a tenant farmer, barely forty years of age and exhibiting at the Royal for the first time, had many offers for his Champion. William Griffiths told him to stand out for £7,000, which he did and after a lot of telegrams to and from the post office on the showground and after a lot of tobacco going up in smoke through Percy’s pipe, the deal was done with a buyer from Argentina.

Sir J Cotterell took the Championship at the H&WAS with his own bred Sovereign, by his own bred SAledin as was his sire Purple King, by Royal Ringer the bull he had bought from William Griffiths and had been Reserve Champion at the 1909 Royal.

Champion H&WAS 1919, Sovereign Sovereign then proceeded to the Royal held at Cardiff where the outcome was the same as it had been for his great great grandfather. He was beaten by the bull that had been second to him at H&WAS, Goodenough, Royal Champion 1919, Goodenough also bred by William Griffiths and exhibited by P. E. Bradstock of Garford, Yarkhill. Goodenough was by Sir J Cotterell had the compensation of winning the Royal Oyster, by Starlight and out of a cow, bred by strong Two-year-old class with Lovelace, another son Mr Bright of Ivington, that went back to the Hampton of SAledin and he too was sold for export for a big figure, this time to Australia. Court Oysters. Mr Percy Bradstock was an orphan of a family that had bred Herefords and had worked for his uncle, Mr H. W. Taylor of Showle Court. There he would have had a good education in breeding Hereford cattle and when he reached 21 he inherited enough money to start farming himself and rented Garford farm in Yarkhill, where he assembled the nucleus of his herd with some from his uncle and the rest from other breeders including Aaron Rogers and Mr Keene, the breeder of Rodney Stone. William Griffiths had befriended the young Percy and sold him Godunov as a raw youngster to put him on the right lines. He had been named Godunov as a calf after a famous Russian General but a typist spelt it as Goodenough in the Herd Book. He was a December calf and there were no classes in those days for calves born before 1st of January. Thus, he was sold for £50, less one gold sovereign for young Tom Bradstock’s money box. This was before the prices of 1918. Percy also bought Aldersend Napier for 320gns at the April sale, that year as he had heifers by Goodenough wanting a bull. William had advised him to take Goodenough to the H&WAS that year and although beaten, carry on to the Royal.

The Senior Yearling Class was won by the Newman brothers with Banker, a bull that had failed to sell in Hereford when winning its class. He was one of the first sons of Patchwork, a bull of their own breeding out of an Allen Hughes female by Pearl King bred by their landlord and neighbour JHA. They had bought her in calf to his sire Newton Monarch by Baronet, who went back to Tumbler bred by JHA. As a young schoolboy my father had his first introduction to Hereford cattle breeding when helping Frank Newman prepare his bulls for the shows. They were neighbours at the two Wickton farms on the Hampton Court estate and father remembered the name Banker well. Messrs Weston had their first Royal winner in the Junior class with Bounds Improver, not by the Sire of the Year but Bounds Glencross, by Bounds Democrat, by Emperor, a bull bred at The Leen by Eaton Don the top price bull of 1910 at 240gns by Royal winner, Eaton Masterpiece. Messrs Bibby of Shrewsbury took the Female Championship with Clive Succour, by Shucknall Prince, by Prince Charming, by Starlight. 89

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Royal Female Champion 1919, Clive Succour It had been a wonderful Royal show, with a huge display of cattle in Cardiff at the first Royal since the war. Looking on at the wonderful display, that day was a young Captain in the Royal Flying Corps. Now demobbed and from a wealthy family in Derbyshire he had a fascination for breeding and as a youth had bred Boxer dogs. This young man had been so successful breeding canines that he had judged at many leading shows including New York. He had decided now that the war was over and as he had a flair for breeding, he would breed Beef Shorthorn cattle for a living and went to the Royal that year to

further his knowledge. At Cardiff however he was gob smacked by the lines of Hereford cattle and talking to the breeders about the great sires, the sales of Ringer and Resolute the previous year and the sale of Goodenough that day his head was turned and he decided that his future was with Hereford cattle despite his lecturer at Oxford referring to them as ‘white faced wobbers’ The young man’s name: Captain Richard Saher de Quincey Quincey. De Quincey made it his business to visit as many of the top herds as possible and decided his next step was to become a muck student with one of the top breeders, whereby he would pay to work, learn and live in. I don’t expect this sort of arrangement could happen today with workers’ rights and minimum wages; the trade unions would go crazy and call it exploitation. He also decided that he would learn the most from Percy Bradstock and when Percy refused his offer, de Quincey sat on the doorstep until Mrs Bradstock told him to come in. Thus, he spent the next couple of years at Free Town, Tarrington the new home of the Bradstocks, who had invested the Goodenough money in land, hop yards, bricks and mortar.

Free Town, Tarrington The year had started with 314 bulls sold to average £110 11s and 400 head had been exported. Breeding Herefords was an enjoyable and profitable way of making a living. 90


they were looking at what was to become the most influential sire in the breed for the next 50 years. Looking at his picture today he looks a very nice bull, very correct in structure but not much more.

Knightwick Chloe, Royal Female Champion 1929 It seemed that Starlight and Sir Sam were the breed’s only two sire lines. Out of the blue a son of another line appeared in the youngest class at the Royal that year; Tarrington Optimist from Harry Griffiths. Sired by Tarrington Major, by Glittering Gold from Harry Griffiths, by Eaton Silver from Sir Charles Pulley, by Glendower 2nd from Allen Hughes, by Glendower from Phillip Turner, by Statesman from John Price, by Monarch from T W Carwardine, by Lord Wilton from William Tudge. Lord Wilton, the great sire of his time, traced his lineage back through Sir Roger from Benjamin Rogers, by Sir Thomas from Thomas Roberts, by Sir Benjamin from Benjamin Rogers, by Sir David from David Williams, by Chance from John Turner, probably by a son of Lottery from John Hewer. Optimist’s dam Oakleaf was from John Hungerford Arkwright’s Oyster Gift family and Optimist carried three shots of Starlight, bought and brought to fame by Harry’s father, William Griffiths. What a catalogue of breeders over the years! Almost all of the pre-Great War breeders played a part in the breeding of Optimist, with Lord Coventry, and Messsrs Barneby, Meire and Keene, in support. Optimist won his class, as he had done at the Three Counties but nobody looking at him then realised

Tarrington Optimist

H J Dent, who had produced a number of Royal winners and from whom Harry had obtained Eaton Silver, dispersed his herd in the autumn with the cows averaging £66. The top price for a cow/calf however was not for a cow of his breeding, but a cow he had bought at Mr English’s sale just 12 months earlier. She made 46gns and her calf sold separately; Pertonlute made 200gns to Craig Tanner. 200 gns was a lot of money in those days for a six month old calf, putting him into the top ten transactions for the year. It was not like buying a yearling bull in Hereford, where he was in the company of the best of the Breed, Craig Tanner Craig Tanner saw something in this calf and backed his judgement with bids and so did the under bidder. Pertonlute was by Pivot of Pitsford and out of Rose Opal, by Resolute, and out of a daughter of Crossways Regulus, a son of Ringer, the sire of Resolute. With his father a double grandson of Sir Sam and his dam having two shots of Ringer, by Starlight it was a most interesting pedigree. At that time, it was fashionable to name all the best bulls going back to Resolute: Thislute or Thatlute. Pertonlute, owed more to Sir Sam than Resolute, would have been better named as Pertonsam and was to join the throng of great sires purchased at dispersal sales. It was ironic that these two youngsters; Optimist and Pertonlute of 1929 were to have a major part to play when the next great Hereford sire emerged in ten years time. At the end of the decade It is time to compare the values of Resolute, Ringer, Starlight and Rodney Stone line and Sir Sam by Father Christmas. As to Royal Champions, the honours were about equal.

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Reserve Junior was Ernest Stevens with his April purchase Wickton President 2nd. Ernest never had any calves by his new sire as he decided to call it a day and dispersed his herd on 26th of November. At the dispersal sale he sold President for his top price of 170gns, nearly £100 more than he had given for him in April and 5gns more than he received for his 1930 Royal winner Pershore Layman. These two bulls went into two good herds; President into the herd of E B Webb and Son and Layman into the herd of W E Lock. A lot of breeders seemed to be acquiring successful stock bulls at dispersal sales and it was probably because they did not very often get the competition from overseas buyers at these sales. Harry Griffiths was also in the market, not for a bull however, he was looking for a cow and gave the top price of 76gns for Pershore Boundless by Rose Showman out of a dam bred by Frank Newman, by Patchwork.

Looking at her picture, Petunia, who was from an original Vern family, seems to have lost her femininity since the previous year. So, I looked her up and she only produced one live calf by 1937 and her dam produced a live one every year. It was sometime later that the Captain had first, second and third with three heifer calves at Kington, all of which had breeding troubles and they were the last females he showed. Standing reserve to the Captain was Harry Griffiths who had come out of his shell with Dewberry by Free Town Director, another son of Saphlute that he had bought at Hereford for 105gns.

Dewberry, Reserve Royal Female Champion 1931 Junior Male Champion was Saracen, bred by Sir W Rouse Boughton and exhibited by Captain E H Rouse Boughton the then owner of the Downton Hall herd which had not produced anything notable since the previous century.

Ernest Stevens It was a sad day. Ernest had started in the boom years and had been very successful in the later years, but his dispersal sale in the depression did not gross 50% of what he gave for Ringer. One consolation is that his breeding lives on to the present day, mainly through Pershore Boundless, although it took her a long time to produce what Harry had bought her for.

Saracen, Junior Male Royal Champion 1931 Many of the landed gentry of Herefordshire and adjoining counties kept pedigree herds and always bought good sires, occasionally coming to the forefront for a while when one of the sires they purchased proved to be a very good breeder. Saracen was a son of Samuel, also bred in the herd and by Percentage, by Sir Sam and sire of winners for Mr H J Dent before moving to Downton Hall. It is interesting that Mr Dent and his stock seem to have become more prominent since his death and dispersal sale.

Ernest was a great benefactor to his home town of Stourbridge where he made his fortune manufacturing his ‘Judge’ brand of pots and pans and other kitchen utensils. In the summer a huge order of over 400 head left for the Soviet Union, consisting of 90% females, but the worldwide depression cut other exports to under 20. 111

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I cannot find a picture of Tarrington Broadside at that age, so instead here is a picture from the Hereford Times 19th Aug 1939, of Miss Griffiths receiving the trophy for the Champion Calf. Although not the best quality reproduction I am not the only one who thinks Miss Griffiths looked a stunner, David Niven reportedly did, and so did the boy next door, Tom Bradstock whom she married.

Captain de Quincey was in the Argentine when war was declared and around the 9th Sept received a telegram to get the next boat home, not because of the outbreak of war, but to see a calf by Punch. The head herdsman Bill Thornton who de Quincey had inherited with The Vern, was so excited about the calf he asked for a telegram to be sent to the Captain. Having returned home safely he went to inspect the calf and reportedly said, ‘Vern Robert, you will do, Punch can now go.’

Miss Griffiths receiving trophy

Vern Robert later in life

Tarrington Broadside later in life The decade ended with the outbreak of war and the birth of the two bulls that were to dominate Hereford breeding for the next ten years, Tarrington Broadside and Vern Robert, both by sons of Tarrington Idol, who were out of Tarrington Optimist females. 124


Vern Robert who was the sire of the Champion that S&WM the previous month. day: Vern Boxer, reputed at the time to be Robert’s Reserve to Boxer at Shrewsbury had been the Senior Champion, another Vern bull, Vern Zeus who was greatest son. virtually unrelated to Robert except that they both traced back in tail male to Tarrington Optimist. There was a packed ringside at Leominster that day and I well remember sitting on my father’s shoulders. The reason for the intense interest was one of the men adjudicating, the breeder of Tarrington Optimist and Broadside, Harry Griffiths, alongside another great judge, Trevor Price who earlier in the year had exhibited the Grand Champion at the February sale. These two great judges however did not select Vern Zeus as Senior Champion, but another bull who was to make his mark as a sire, the Reserve Champion from the 1949 February sale, Shucknall Favourite. Vern Boxer, Champion Three Counties 1950 Favourite had been unsold on the day, but was now exhibited by his new owner Edward Lewis from The He had the squarest back end I had ever seen and his Haven who had brought him straight from the field. body was virtually square with huge hind quarters. I A grandson of Tarrington Broadside through his sire knew that that was where the best beef came from, Tarrington Majestic, Favourite was a different type unlike the awful stuff we had in our school dinners completely. He looked so powerful and reminded which was why I could not wait until Fridays when me of the shire horses my grandfather bred. Edward we had fish and chips. My grandfather said Boxer was Lewis had failed to buy Favourite in Hereford the like a brick on four legs. He had been Champion calf previous year, but had come to an arrangement with at Kington the previous year as well as at Brecon and his breeder, Harry Moore, to include some hop plants Knighton and had also been Grand Champion at the as part payment.

Shucknall Favourite, Senior Champion and Reserve Grand Champion Three Counties 1950 144


To cap a right royal day at Windsor, the Female Championship was awarded to Royal Rosemary, the April Champion exhibited by O M Stroud of Yorkshire.

against the hobby farmer industrialist watching from the ringside. After much deliberation Tom Bradstock awarded the overall Championship to Eaton Eastern Venture, the bull that had been bought in his dam at the Vern sale. Edward Lewis would have to wait. It was not the most popular decision because the Royal Show was at Windsor that year and the young Queen Elizabeth had presented a trophy, the Queen’s Cup, for the best beef bull at the Royal Show. Many ringsiders felt that a bigger, older bull would have had more chance. However, Tom Bradstock stated, ‘There is very little to criticise in this bull’s make up.’ The inter-breed judge thought the same and Eaton Eastern Venture was acclaimed as the best beef bull in the country.

Royal Rosemary, Royal Female Champion 1954 To celebrate the honour of winning the Queens Cup, Mr Hellyer presented to the Herd Book Society with a new trophy for the Bull of the Year, to be awarded annually at the Royal Show to the bull accumulating the most points over the previous twelve months at Kington, Shrewsbury, Three Counties and the Royal. The desire for points towards the new trophy resulted in a record entry of 204 at Kington Show 1954 for the appraisal of a single judge this time; Mr James Schofield. It was becoming too time consuming having two judges, and then sometimes an umpire to sort out this many cattle. The calf out of the heifer the Jones brothers bought at the Vern sale two years earlier, Stacey Jones’s Penatok Crusader by Vern Dermot, won the September class, Junior Championship and then became Male Champion, with elder brother Elwyn taking Reserve with Atok Vulcan by Vern Caliban. Not bad for the two sons of a cattle dealer!

Queen Elizabeth II presenting the Queen’s Cup to Owen S Hellyer with herdsman Bill Hamilton and Eastern Venture in background

Eaton Eastern Venture, Royal Champion and winner of Queens Cup 1954

Penatok Crusader, Champion Kington 1954 159

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The sale was disrupted by snow, only this time it fell the night between the judging and selling, resulting in a lot of bulls failing to find new homes. Owen Hellyer would have been a little disappointed with the price bid for this great grandson of Weston Masterpiece. He had paid 12,500gns for the bull ten years earlier and his Champion did not make 1,000gns. But money was not of much importance to him. On a visit to The Vern, while inspecting the thirty or so yearling heifers, Owen asked the Captain what sort of money would he sell them for. The Captain replied, ‘Between £800 and £1,200.’ Owen did not respond for a while and then said, ‘I think I’ll take take them all.’ The Captain smiled and said, ‘That is the price for the ones I want to sell’. Edward Lewis was also becoming a wealthy gentleman thanks to Favourite and his Reserve Champion that day made 2,200gns. Charlie Morris was still spending his Masterpiece money and paid the top price of 2,300gns for Noke Chunky, by Vern Gay Gordon from the same parish and exhibited by PR de Quincey. March saw another favourite become Champion, this time Haven Leader led the field and also led the prices at 750gns. Favourite’s breeder, Harry Moore received three of the top six prices for sons of his new sire Tarrington Jostle On by Tarrington Reign On by Tarrington March On, with another son, Shucknall Mikado, going to Jack Weyman Jones of Bodenham Court. Another Welsh breeder came out of the hills to take the April Championship: Harry Evans from Montgomeryshire with Bwlchllyn Lord by Vern Zanzo, a bull that had been around a few herds and was the sire of Sugwas Oyster Lass 5th, co-winner of the Burke Trophy. A new innovation that winter was the Herd of the Year trophy presented by Hereford City Council for the most points accumulated for prizewinners over

the winter sales. It was most apt that Edward should receive the new trophy from the lady Mayoress in the year that he was President of the HHBS. Edward, who called most of his friends and bulls ‘Old Boy’, owed it all to the ‘Old Boy’ Favourite, who was now a real Old Boy. But who was to follow him? The answer soon appeared at the first summer show, the S&WM at Shrewsbury. Senior and Grand Champion was a bull bred in Wales by C & D Jones of Gwenddr near Builth Wells, a farm that rose to 1000 feet.

Vron Gaffer, Champion S&WM 1956 This was the first bull from the farm to be shown and it was his very first visit to a show ring when Vron Gaffer by Vern Drummer was exhibited by E L Lewis & Son. Edward had found a successor for Favourite! Edward had bought Gaffer when he visited Gwenddrr, as he had heard that Drummer was for sale, and ended up buying the father and son. Favourite had only left the Haven once; to go to the Three Counties at nearby Leominster where he had been beaten for the Championship by Vern Boxer, the sire of Vern Drummer.

Favourite could now go into his Old Boy’s Home!

The Old Boy receiving the Herd of the Year trophy 164


a daughter of Vern Zanzo. Sidney’s Favourite had mating the resulting progeny back to Herefords again. also been calf Champion at Bosbury and Reserve This process was continued until the fourth generation Grand Champion to Inspiration on both occasions. which was 15/16 pure Hereford. The British Polled Hereford Society had been formed by these breeders and they had used the title ‘polled’ in preference to ‘poll’ because they were polling the breed. Among the pioneers of this society were E B Walker & Sons and T L Walker & Sons from Knightwick, Mrs Calvert of Wetmore, Cecil Evans of Wroxall, Lady Marion Phillips of Picton and T E Gwillim of Ffostill, Talgarth. The Poll Hereford Breeders of Great Britain Ltd was set up to promote those breeders who were importing Poll Herefords from overseas. These overseas polls all traced back to mutations that had occurred in the United States. The sceptics doubted if these cattle Marlow Favourite, Res’ Champ Kington 1957 were really pure bred, stating that barbed wire Sidney even put a half page ad in the 1957 breed wouldn’t keep a passionate Red Poll bull away from a journal featuring Favourite. Major Jeffreys had herd of Herefords at breeding time. Probably it was a Reserve Calf Champion with a son of Vern Drummer, bit of each, but the purists on the breed council would Gaffer’s sire. The only animal in the championships not have this mongrel blood adulterate the Hereford without a Vern sire was H & E Price’s Reserve Female Herd Book and so they were put in a separate register. Champion, Princess 4th of Troy by the Three Counties In fact it was a number of years before this register Champion Temple Crown Prince who sired two first was given the title Herd Book. The pioneer of the Poll prize heifers that day. Vern bulls sired seven of the Herefords in America, Warren Gammon of Des remaining class winners, another was out of a Vern Moines, first saw some Poll Herefords at an exhibition cow, another was by a bull of pure Vern breeding and in Nebraska. He studied Darwin’s On the Origin of the remaining winner was Haven Nobility by Vron Species, where Darwin discussed matters of mutations Gaffer by Vern Drummer. Nobility won his class but and how they could be made permanent. He said to could not compete with the other older bulls for the another breeder while watching cattle being loaded Senior Championship. for freight, ‘How foolish it was for civilised cattle to Once again at the October sale, the Champion was wear those remnants of barbarism’. withdrawn from the auction. This time Sidney Owens was not satisfied with the price bid for his Champion, another son of Vern Eros; Marlow Floodlight. At this sale the first poll Hereford to be exhibited under the Society’s auspices was exhibited. The top priced bull at 1,000gns was Owen Hellyer’s Eaton Inverkeilor by Vron Gaffer! Could he have been conceived at the Royal Show? Second top price was Haven Mamba at 750gns and also by Gaffer. Champion Female, from an entry of 172, was the first of many at this event to come from Ivor Thomas from Merryhill, just south of the city. Merryhill Viscountess 4th topped the market at 330gns. The 1957 Breed Journal was the first to contain reports from the fledgling Poll Hereford groups. There were a number of breeders who were of the opinion that the breed would be more commercially viable if the poll gene was introduced. One group had introduced the poll factor some years earlier by mating a number of Warren Gammon, founder of the poll Hereford breed registered Hereford females to a Galloway bull and 170


held a dispersal sale of his Rose herd at The Bowling Green, Clenhonger. The seventy seven lots averaged £170, the highest of some twenty farm sales that year which included fifteen dispersals. Not sold at this dispersal were thirty animals that were in transit to Australia where Richard was to start a new herd.

In 1900 he wrote to the 2,500 members of the American Hereford Association attempting to locate naturally hornless pure bred Herefords. From the 150 replies he located four bulls and ten cows. Two cows and a bull were eliminated and he started with a herd of eleven registered Herefords without horns. Two of the bulls were to breed poll offspring, Giant and Variation.

1958 The progeny of the two calves that had left the 1952 Vern sale inside their dams were the highlights of the January sale 1958. Champion Pentreuchaf Debonair, from the Breconshire herd of Mr D James, was by Eaton Gimcrack, a son of Eaton Eastern Venture. From his photograph Debonair looked as good a Champion as there had been in the 1950s and with a lack of South American interest he was snapped up by Trevor Parker of Cheyney Court for 1,500gns.

Giant, the forefather of all Poll Herefords with his friend Rooster It is of interest that both traced back in direct male descent to Anxiety 4th plus further crosses as well. Giant, who had by far the greatest influence carried four shots of the blood of The Grove 3rd, plus Lord Wilton and Garfield both of whom carried the blood of Sir Roger. Sir Roger had of course been bred by Ben Rogers who also bred The Grove 3rd as well as Sir Benjamin whose blood was in Anxiety 4th through his dam. What a testimony to Ben Rogers. Nobody will ever know if these eleven cattle were genuine or the result of some slack barbed wire and it doesn’t really matter now, no more so than whether John Hewer’s cattle went back to that old Gloucester cow. The Poll section of the breed in the United States expanded from that beginning and the US became a major exporter of Polled Hereford Cattle.

Pentreuchaf Debonair, January Champion 1958

Richard Morgan Jones, awaiting his passage to Australia was as well qualified as any to judge that day which he did with Tom McTurk from Scotland, the destination of so many of the bulls The two top prices were for the Reserve Champion Penatok Fiesta at 4,500gns and Penatok Ensign at 2,000gns from A E Jones & Son. These were the first two sons of Penatok Crusader to be offered at public Twenty two Poll Herefords were selected by Jimmy auction. Fiesta went to Lord Brocket and Ensign to J Schofield in USA for twelve UK breeders and these Bowerman & Son. arrived March 1957. In July a further twenty four arrived from Canada and seven from New Zealand followed by a bull from Australia. 1957 saw the first show of Poll Herefords in the UK when sixteen Poll Herefords appeared in two special classes at Thame Show. Champion was Col R D Henriques’ Coln Bachelor. This 5 year old had been bred in the UK by imported semen from the American bull Coln Arthur. The progeny of Coln Arthur were not recognised by the HHBS as they had not been registered with them at birth and they slowly died out. Another group, including Sidney Owens and Bill Sinnett, had used semen from a red Aberdeen Angus bull but their plan never succeeded, probably because they were too late starting. On the 28th of November Richard Morgan Jones Penatok Fiesta, Res Champ HHBS Jan 1958 171

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sale of horned Herefords. Mr Dennis Stock, who had recently bought Little Tarrington Farm, spent £13,400. Messrs Osmonds took the Championship in October on their first visit to Hereford with Barnoldby Cavalier by their Royal Champion Lanham Proctor. He only made 500gns, whereas a son of Vern Inspiration who had stood second to Proctor made the top price of the day at 1,120gns. This was Vern Lieutenant from J H Rawlings of Norfolk and the first appearance at Hereford of his cattleman Peter Dowlman: Wee Pete. Reserve Champion was another bull from a Breconshire hill side, Cefnbrynich Diplomat from Howell Havard from near Sennybridge who still comes to Hereford Market in his nineties.

Championship at Hereford with Brocket Ringer from his herd at Aldersend in Tarrington, birthplace of the original Ringer. Lord Brocket’s Ringer was by the Penatok Crusader son, Penatok Fiesta, bought at the January 1958 sale for 4,500gns. Reserve Champion was Ivor Thomas of Merryhill with Merryhill Flanagan, one of the first sons of Hardwick Overseer that Ivor had purchased in January 1959. Adjudicating at the real January show was a real judge, Professor Herman R Purdy, head of the animal science department at Pennsylvania State University. He had judged Aberdeen Angus at Perth two years earlier and created such an impression that he was returning to the UK to be the first man to judge the three major breed’s main sales; Hereford, Angus and Shorthorn. To me, who had been brought up post war on grey and brown clothes that you had needed ration cards to obtain, his smart blue suit and fur collared coat made him look like someone from another planet.

The Champion and Reserve Champion Messers L. R. OsmonAd’s Barnold by Cavalier and Mr H. E. Havard’s Cefnbryich Diplomat Prof Purdy in action I have always wondered why the judges who seem to make a show of handling cattle invariably end up picking the fattest. Professor Purdy kept his stewards busy by sorting out the eleven classes at shotgun pace in just two and a half hours and the only animal he touched was the Champion.

Howell Havard still working at 95yrs. “In Breconshire they believe in wearing the Old ‘Uns out first” 1961 Because of the foot and mouth outbreak in the previous November the first sale of 1961 was a rescheduled November sale where Lord Brocket won his first

Atok Deputy, January Champion 1961 183

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At the Three Counties, Haven Dowager 11th by Vron Gaffer stood Reserve Overall Champion to Notability. Phocle Valentine was Reserve Male Champion. He had stood second to Notability at all three shows and the photograph of the pair looked at from today asks where was the breed heading? Maybe the comments of the Australian judge at the Three Counties, Barry Reynolds, “The type of bull a lot of Australians are looking for,” were a warning.

The Hereford classes at the Royal Highland were getting stronger. The Breed Champion Haven Showman, led a team consisting of two Haven heifers and a Dunmure heifer from A W Montgomerie, to win the Interbreed beef trophy.

Edward Lewis leading the winning interbreed team at the Royal Highland Interbreed beef trophies at the Scottish and English Royals! The breed was progressing on all fronts, or was it? Take a look at the 21 month Eaton Curly 33rd winning the Burke trophy. Bill Hamilton looks like he is out of a rugby line out.

Vern Notability & Phocle Valentine Now I’m looking at these two bulls and thinking to myself, one could run 50 cows like Notability, where you would run 40 like Valentine and probably wean about the same weight of beef on the hoof. On the other hand if I owned a suckler herd in Scotland of blue greys or Angus cross dairy, I would wean far more weight with Valentine, subject to calf mortality.

Burke Trophy winners 1963

Haven Royal Prize Winners 1963 with 35 month old Haven Showman on the right, alongside him is 19 month Haven Field Eclipse, next 14 month old Tommy 192


At the auction the following day she was knocked John Wayne owned a very successful herd of down for £2,000 to a butcher, Mr Mead. There was ‘Herferds’ and would autograph the catalogues at his much public outcry in the press and on television annual bull sales, but only for the purchasers. about the impending slaughter of this beautiful heifer and much publicity for the breed when Mr Osmond bought her back for an increased sum with the difference given to charity. Another piece of free publicity for the breed was the film The Rare Breed, released that year and starring James Stewart, Maureen O’Hara and Juliet Mills. Although factually incorrect it was free publicity for the breed.

John Wayne with 26 Domino Lad, top priced bull at $30,000 at his annual 26 Bar Ranch sale. US President Lyndon B. Johnson also ran a herd on his Texas LBJ ranch, near Stonewall in Texas which supplied the beef for White House banquets.

Maureen O' Hara, Juliet Mills and James Stewart James Stewart is hired by a Herefordshire farmer’s widow to take her daughter Juliet Mills and their Poll Hereford bull Vindicator, to a ranch of longhorns where he was laughed at for having no horns and turned out with the herd. They later found the bull dead in a snowdrift. However, in the spring, James Stewart, after searching the ranch every day, finally finds the LBJ ranch manager, Malachek, (standing) first Hereford calf, much to the rancher’s annoyance reports to the President. as he had told Stewart he could have any white faced calves born on his ranch. James Stewart then marries The President was a long time ‘Herferds’ breeder and Maureen O’Hara and they all live happily ever after never forgot how to herd cattle. raising ‘Herferds’.

James Stewart on the ranch

LBJ on the ranch 200


The Championship was won by Frank Gittoes of Bryndu Talgarth with Windycote Preston by Kingsfield Sandy, bred by Osmonds by their twice Royal Champion Lanham Proctor.

David was having a good run with the herd he had started after giving up dairy farming. He hadn’t quite given up milking cows though. The dairy was spotless and he had kept a few old dairy cows and was milking them to feed the milk to his young bulls. Little wonder he had so much bloom and condition on them. The buyer of Horatio, at the top price of 1,700gns, was Ron Roe from Staffordshire, another ex dairy farmer who had recently gone in for Herefords. Still dairy farming though were Roger Williams & Sons from Sutton who had second top of 1,400gns with Sutton Junior, bought by Jimmy Schofield for Graham Hellyer’s Drewton herd. Junior was by Chadshunt Upstart, bought by the Williams’s for a modest 305gns in the 1964 January sale. A double grandson of Vern Horatio, he proved the theory that inbred bulls will not be strong on phenotype but will be strong on genotype. Judges Hubert Gwillim, a pioneer of poll Herefords, and Jock Wilson, a pioneer of Herefords in Scotland, brought a breath of fresh air to the April sale when they awarded the Championship to Oscar Colburn’s poll Crickley 1 Traitor. This was the first major championship for the Crickley herd that came to dominate the poll section for the next decade. Traitor, out of a Pawnee Perfect daughter and by a son of Vern Krespian, was a long, clean lined, muscular bull sold for the top price of the day to Frank Jones of Sennybridge and proved to be the making of his Cefngof herd.

Windycote 1 Preston, Champion NPHS 1967 Reserve was North Clifton Harrier, a full brother to the Female of the Year. A poll topped the October sale when Bob Carrington sold his BC Eric, another son of Circle T Choice Anxiety 92R, for 750gns to F W McMordie, founder of the Ulster based Solpoll herd which is today run by his descendants. The Championship was again won by the Hewitsons, with Rowington Apollo by Haven Versatile by Showman. Foot and mouth then spread and there were no more shows or sales until March. 1968 The March sale in 1968 was the main spring sale after foot and mouth restrictions caused the January sale to be cancelled. This resulted in the best ever trade at this event. The Championship was taken by David Llewellyn Elwyn Davies with Sunbridge Horatio by Vern Nostrum.

Crickley 1 TZZZraitor, Champion HHBS April 1968

At last Herefords were starting to change Many Hereford herds were lost in the foot and mouth epidemic of 1968 and there was no S&WM show at Shrewsbury that year as Shropshire had been the centre of the outbreak. Because of the spread of the breed in Scotland, the Royal Highland was added to the shows qualifying for the Bull of the Year in 1968.

Sunbridge Horatio, Champion HHBS March 68 207

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Joe Nicholas bred, bought and sold a lot of Hereford bulls in Cheshire, and the Hewitson’s bull would have been considered too ungainly for Hereford in those days, but looking at his picture he looks the sort of bull a lot of herds could use, unless Vic was hiding something. Islwyn Davies, owner of the Sarn herd and a Vern devotee, judged Shrewsbury and awarded the Championship to Zone Vantage after he had placed him above the Kington Champion Aldersend Galaxy. Reserve Senior and Reserve Grand was the 1970 runner up for Bull of the Year, Avon Priam from The Haven.

Champion was Richard Milner’s Wenlock Oyster Gem 3rd by Wenlock Granite. Oyster Gem then teamed up with Priam to take the breed's seventh Burke trophy.

At the Three Counties Ted Hewitson, a more practical cattleman was judging and awarded the Championship to Avon Priam, with Zone Vantage unplaced.

The victorious Burke Trophy pair, Wenlock Oyster Gem 3rd held by Frank Noon and Edward Lewis with Avon Priam Richard had just imported from Canada, in partnership with John Owens from the Marlow herd, Wabash Allen 1X, a huge bull weighing 2,480lbs in store condition, out of a Tarrington cow whose dam Marjin was the dam of Mozart, the sire of Sarn Useful. Allen was a direct male descendant of Vern Diamond and had been bred by J E Blume, the January sale judge in 1967.

Avon Priam, Champion Three Counties 1971 The Herefords now outnumbered the Scottish breeds at the Royal Highland and Major Symonds, a steadfast Vern devotee, was judging and gave Zone Vantage top honours with Aldersend Galaxy Reserve and Priam just first prize. There were therefore three contenders for the Bull of the Year award at the Royal where Richard Morgan Jones, back from Australia where he had emigrated some 15 years earlier, was judging. Avon Priam and Zone Vantage both won their classes and clashed for Senior Champion. Priam was awarded the rosette and went on to be Grand Champion and Bull of the Year, with Vantage runner up. Junior Champion was Haven Element and Reserve Junior, Crickley Superstition became the first Poll Bull of the Year. A group by Haven Showman won the Sire’s progeny group and it was announced that his progeny sales had now come to a quarter of a million pounds. Not bad for a bull who always seemed to be Reserve! Female of the Year was Senior Female Champion Haven Sunbeam 3rd, again by Showman, but Female

Richard Milner standing behind Wabash Allen 1X

Gordon Downie with Zone Vantage, runner up Bull of the Year 1971, who would be dwarfed by Allen

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Looking back it seems strange that I never attended the sale, less than two miles from home. I went to all the sales at Hereford, but it never entered my mind to go to on farm sales. In fact I can only recollect the other two Vern sales and the Pridewood dispersal. Meanwhile, at the Prado Show in Uruguay Señor Walter Romay won a handful of championships with the progeny of Norridge Daedilus that he had bought in the January sale 1971, after awarding him the Championship. He sold three sons in the sale to average $24,000 US. What a loss to the breed at home. It was the use of bulls like this that made Herefords dominate the Uruguayan pastures, so much so that nearly 90% of the beef cattle there are Herefords.

for 1,700gns, third top price, and another at 1,300gns. The two hundred and fourteen bulls sold for an average of £471 which was again dwarfed by the £669 average for two hundred and eighty at Edinburgh where forty nine bulls made four figure prices, topped by Wally Clark’s Lowesmoor 1 Landlord at 1,700gns. Wally’s herd sire Crickley 1 Sensation, had just become the first poll bull to become a Register of Merit sire (RM), based on progeny’s performance over the weighbridge and in the show ring. He joined Haven Showman, Vern Snowdon and Wenlock Vulgan. Some breeders thought RM stood for Richard Milner and others thought it stood for Ram of the Month! The Scots were the backbone of the trade at Hereford in November, buying the two bulls that made a 1,000gns. John Redpath was busy, buying eight at prices up to 610gns, while George Barbour took fifteen back for £6,000. These two men were now regular visitors to Hereford buying some bulls for orders and some to sell on.

Norridge Daedilus The year saw the end of Griffiths breeding when Geoff Griffiths dispersed his Temple herd at Bosbury. It was a pity the Temple herd was dispersed at this time because the cattle were of the type that the breed was looking for then. Other breeders were aware of that because sixty two lots averaged £883, with Ted Hewitson, Ivor Thomas and Edward Lewis among the buyers. Dr John Phillips sold The Vern and the cattle to Ivan Randall and the cattle seem to have gone into oblivion. 1974 Following the success of Daedilus, Señor Walter Romay was back again in Hereford in January 1974. David Wright, Deputy Chairman of the Australian Meat Board and owner of the famed V2V stud, judged and selected as Champion a long growthy bull of tremendous size, but not much else. The Society had two years earlier allowed limited Artificial Insemination and Roft Astronaut, bred in the small Carmarthenshire herd of Harries George, was the first Champion conceived by AI. David Wright was not the only breeder who thought size the most important factor, for Astronaut sold for the high figure of

John Redpath with son Keith holding Bailyneuadd Admiral, a Hereford purchase, Champion at Perth Another man who was buying for others was John Weyman Jones of Bodenham who bought ten females for £20,000 for Danish clients at the dispersal sale of the non vaccinated portion of Dr John Phillips Zone herd. The herd was kept at Little Berrington, next door to The Vern, and the fifty seven lots averaged £930.

John Weyman Jones (left) with Herr Oluf Christensen and Herr Kjolsen from Denmark 227

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I don’t recall Amy Simmons, the long time President of Herefordshire Young Farmers and owner of the Broomy herd, ever winning any prizes, but Fergus and Useful were both out of cows she had bred. Richard Morgan Jones was over from Australia again to judge the one hundred and eighty entries at the 100th S&WM show at Shrewsbury and the Hereford ring was visited by the Queen as the yearling heifer class was judged. Her Majesty presented the first prize card to Hazel Everall, watched by her father Roger Everall the Ring Steward.

Phocle Kars, Bull of the Year 1975

Hazel Everall receiving her award from the Queen The Championship was won by a grandson of Broomy Useful, Phocle Kars by Firlands Kris. Reserve was the Senior Champion Nuelands Giles, shown by The Haven but co-owned with Leighton Court and John Weyman Jones who had bought him in Edinburgh the previous year. The main Female honours were won by Salopians with Jim Everall’s heifer, Sherlowe Model 139th, Champion and Roger Everall’s Shraden Pansy 6th by Bwlchllyn Carlos Reserve. Trevor Parker was the judge at the Three Counties and he too awarded Supreme honours to Phocle Kars. Nuelands Giles was however beaten in his class by Cherrington Kildini, a horned bull bred by Wally Clark and owned by Mertonford Estates who became Senior and Reserve Grand Champion. The Everall’s again took the two major Female honours, but with different cattle from Shrewsbury. Sherlowe Model 100th, who had been first prize cow for the previous two years, won again and took top Female honours while Roger was again Reserve with another daughter of Bwlchllyn Carlos, Shraden Portia 43rd. Geoff Morgan Jones agreed with his brother’s earlier judgement at the Royal and awarded the Supreme Championship to Phocle Kars, clinching the Bull of the Year title for the Jones family. Kars also won the Interbreed MLC class.

Roger Everall’s Shraden Portia 43rd, the Female Champion, was placed Reserve Supreme and became Female of the Year. The poisoned chalice must have lost some of its poison because Roger was the first winner in twelve years who did not have a divorce. Mrs Hardy was beginning to make an impression on the breed with her own line of cattle and took Reserve Male Champion with Beaudesert 1 Jubilant by Beaudesert 1 Goldeneye, the Reserve January Champion when the cross breed had won. I stood tenth that day in a class of eleven with Myles 1 Hercules. The winner, Cheviot Heritage, had stood second to Hercules at the Royal Highland. Doug Jones from Canada had judged in Scotland but Hercules was a step too far for Geoff that day. We never thought of entering Hercules for the NPHS that year. He wouldn’t have been a step too far for the judge that day; cigar smoking, showman extraordinaire, Jonathan Fox. Jonathan judged cattle mounted on his horse ‘Hal’ in Canada, but he wasn’t supplied with a horse at Moreton.

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Myles Hercules with Derek Vaughan


1978 In those days the weeks between Christmas and the January sale would see the tension build up. It was more so for me that year because we were preparing a team containing our first two sons of Myles 1 Hercules to be offered for sale. I would exercise the bulls every day behind the tractor, noticing their strides getting longer and their muscle developing and proudly show them off to visitors. Some would sing their praises and others would tell you of some wonderful bull that was going to win. The catalogue would arrive about two weeks before the sale and I would look through to see what class we were in and who the main opposition would be. There was to be a South American judge who I had The ‘old chap’ receiving the ‘big cup’ from not heard of. We had two super bulls by Hercules, Señor German Morixe Easter Boy who had been first at the Royal Highland and Fort Worth who had been Junior Champion at the NPHS. I suggested to the old chap that he lead Easter Boy in the class and Championship and I led Fort Worth, the judge wouldn’t realise we were from the same herd. That way we could get Champion and Reserve, something which had never been done before as most judges are too diplomatic. The old chap was pretty good at showing a bull. For a pensioner he did the job well and seemed to have an air of confidence. I was confident too. Some bulls you remember from birth, but I cannot remember Easter Boy. The first time I noticed him was at about six weeks when he Vorn 1 Easter Boy, 7,100gn January Champ 1978 was standing posing on top of a hillock and I just The Champions were always sold at a certain time in thought to myself, ‘January Champion’. those days, the following day Easter Boy was knocked Señor German Morixe from Uruguay, the distinguished down to Sen Walter Romay for 7,000gns. Fort Worth looking judge, had an air of confidence too and looked sold for 3,200gns to Mrs Potts of Co Durham and as though he would be more at home on a film set in Jim Montgomerie who had been under-bidders on the Hollywood than in the middle of a ring of cattle on a Champion. ‘But what a drama ensued’. Walter Romay from Uruguay, who the champion had been knocked bleak January day in Hereford. down to, said he had not been bidding when nodding The three Champions that day all had Sarn Useful to breed Secretary Tony Morrison, so Easter Boy had on their dam’s side and all came from the parish of to go back in the ring. Bodenham. They were: This would have to be a comedown as the supposed Senior; Bodenham Novelty who had beaten Moor buyer would not be bidding nor, would the underEarl, the full brother of the 1976 champion Moor bidders as they had already bought the Reserve Count, in his class. Champion. Intermediate; Vorn 1 Easter Boy, by Hercules and out The bidding started at 2,000gns and reached five, of a double granddaughter of Sarn Useful. then six and then seven and he was knocked down for Junior; Vorn 1 Fort Worth, again by Hercules and out 7,100gns to the MMB buyer, who had been stuck in of a Fergus cow. traffic in the fog the first time he was offered, just 5 minutes earlier. Harry Coates, who had just started his Morixe picked Easter Boy as his Grand Champion herd, was under bidder which helped Tony Morrison with Fort Worth Reserve. and ourselves out of a very awkward situation. 251 CLICK to ORDER


The export market had completely changed in those ten years. Gone were the days when Hereford hotels in January were packed with South Americans, North Americans and those from down under. True, there were exports to Zambia and the Scandinavian countries but they were small fry in comparison to the real cattle countries of the world. What had happened to the South Americans? They were using North American sires and mostly through AI. The Canadians and Americans had turned their cattle around completely in quick-fire fashion as they do over there. Although their cattle had become even more compressed than the British cattle there were plenty of larger cattle around Calgary and they also had other breeders who had not gone with the trend. Breeders such as the US Dept. of Agriculture Research Station at Miles City in Montana and R W Jones in Georgia. The Line 1 cattle all traced back to two sons of Advance Domino 13: Advance Domino 20 & 54 in 1934 and 50 cows from George Miles. The breeding policy had been to use sons of 54 on daughters of 20 and vice versa. The original idea had been to produce two line bred strains to cross and produce vigorous offspring as had been done with maize (hybrid). However it did not work. The project had used a number of pairs of half brothers that were sons of highly rated sires. All the lines fell to the wayside because of recessives and only Line 1 (Advance Domino) survived.

bred in isolation for about twenty years, selecting for growth rate and muscle. He had been dead a while but his daughter had carried on his methodical breeding system and at the 50th US National Poll Hereford Show in Fort Worth Victorious K47 U81, bred by his daughter, was Supreme Champion. In the UK some of us were aware of these cattle and were taking the monthly Canadian Hereford Digest. I knew their top breeding as much as the British bloodlines. The two bulls bred by Jonathan Fox, Advancer 228D and WSF PRL Justa Banner that had won the two US Nationals were having an immense affect on the breed. Two years after Advancer 228D won the Louisville National, the Fort Worth National was full of his prize winning progeny with one of his first sons BT Advancer 147G taking the championship. Another son BT L1 Advancer 12H took the Championship, at the Canadian Western Agribition in the same year.

BT Advancer 147G, US National Champion 1976 Likewise with Justa Banner. The North Americans had altered the whole system of cattle breeding through semen selling. The championship at the US National in 1979 was won by a calf by Banner and out of a daughter of National Champion Victorious K47 U81 and Reserve was another bred the same way by the same breeder, Will Via Justa V who was known as Advance Domino 20 Jogger and became the first million dollar bull when a In the seventies, after 18 generations of selection for performance and survivability, other pure bred quarter share was sold for $250,000. breeders in the search for heavier cattle started buying their sires and were amazed at the growth rate and the Hercules was siring the type of cattle that the market needed although he had his problems. He had been a uniformity of the progeny, see below. R W Jones had been a Poll Hereford breeder who had freak when looking at his parents and pedigree and

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I did not realise at the time what a remarkable individual he was, but now as every generation of Hereford cattle turns over, so does the concentration of his genes. This is demonstrated by the fact that Justa Banner appears at least 32 times in the pedigree of the record priced UK Hereford heifer, Sky High 1 Lancome Lucy. He is there to be found in a lot of horned cattle pedigrees as well and the Hereford Cattle Society have deemed it, in their wisdom, to designate these cattle with an X, as though it is something undesirable. With the use of the American Hereford Association’s animal check, I started to trace the 16 great great grand parents of Justa Banner. I got as far as the first ten and gave up because each individual seemed to have over 30 plus shots of Anxiety 4th, with most of them out of Dowager 6th, so I surmised that he must trace back to Anxiety around 500 times. However I have not checked on other North American cattle of the same age and suspect I would come up with a similar result. Back to my North American trip where the next stop was Regina for the Canadian Western Agribition where virtually all the young classes were won by Justa Banner progeny. There were not many of his offspring in the yearling classes. It seemed that just a few breeders had bought semen from him after he had

won the US National, as his large brisket had put many off; that is until word spread about his first progeny and then everybody jumped on the bandwagon, as they seem to on that side of the pond. There was one yearling however that stood fourth in his class to the champion that had potential, Aqua Hollow Talent. He was not a particularly attractive bull, being a sandy sort of colour with short coarse hair, very little white on his legs to show them off and black hairs in his tail. He was however big, long, powerful, heavy and had huge hindquarters. He was a little too deep through the middle piece and therefore didn't have a really clean profile. I thought to myself how Fergus and Hercules had such trim lines and the wonderful luxuriant coat of Fergus was passing down the generations and how Hercules carried excess white. He was made for the job. Derek and I were looking for a bull for Circle 7 Poll Hereford Breeders and on our return at the next meeting I remember describing as in the last paragraph. Maybe I did not do him justice, but we got a negative response from the other five when I told them his negatives and his price of $25,000. So Derek and I bought him between us with the help of Ross Whittal, a new breeder from Pencombe, and the rest is history.

John Vaughan holding the One Million Dollar - Will Via Justa V (Jogger) with Benedicte Tømmergaard wife of Eli (the photographer) alongside him and three Miss Herefords behind Jogger 264


Klondyke, one of our first calves by Aqua Hollow Talent. Elly Mae was beaten in her class by Welford Estelle, who had beaten Handpicked Rose at the previous Royal. However, she did end up Reserve Female Champion to Estelle. Jim Murray from Ireland judged the Royal Highland and awarded Remitall Monarch the Male Championship, with Solpoll Pioneer Reserve, but Monarch was beaten for the Supreme title by the Female Champion Poundmaker Elly Mae.

Pioneer then took the Male Championship at the Royal Welsh and Elly Mae took her third Royal Championship and the unofficial triple crown. Reserve Female honours were won by Tina Andrews, my former cattle girl, with Kingsland 1 Truthful by Orari 1 Nithdale. The poll bull on the breed’s insignia made his first public appearance at the Royal Welsh. Vorn 1 Jonathon Fox was also on the Society’s ties and even on the wall in the Hereford Tax office. He was ten months old and I had first seen him nineteen months earlier! He was our first embryo transplant and I well remember looking down the technician's microscope and marvelling at how completely spherical he looked. He was also our first calf by Aqua Hollow Talent, by WSF PRL Justa Banner, and won the Junior class.

Poumdmaker Elly Mae, Champion RHAS 1982 Jock Wilson also placed Monarch Supreme and Pioneer Reserve at the Royal. Monarch was thus twice Royal Champion and twice Bull of the Year only this time with a record number of points. Elly Mae won her class with Estelle standing third while Mrs E M Dare's Ingon Libby 2nd was second. Elly Mae took female honours and with it the Female Vorn 1 Johnathon Fox of the Year award and the poisoned chalice. Libby 2nd was Reserve Female, so Mrs Dare was spared the He was supposed to have been named after the famous poisoned chalice and I ended up with the divorce! breeder of Banner, but I misspelt it by putting an O instead of an A and have only recently noticed. The first three placings in junior heifers were all daughters of Talent, with Derek Vaughan’s Kingsland 1Pinky T3, First, followed by two Vorn calves. I later told the judge, Tom Dykes the breeder of Hercules, in some light hearted banter that he had placed the next Female of the Year second in her class. Hereford United Football Club, had hit hard times and a committee was set up to to raise money. Somebody came up with the idea of raffling a bull and they asked me. We hit on the idea of taking a bull round the shows and selling raffle tickets for him and the winner would get the proceeds when he was auctioned in the autumn or £1,000. I had the ideal bull Vorn 1 January King, the calf that had accompanied Myself, Elly Mae, and calf, my niece Victoria his dam, Handpicked Rose around the Shows the Havard, and the HHBS President presenting the previous year. He was a very nice bull but too short ‘Poisoned Chalice’ to the Old Chap 277 CLICK to ORDER


Brian's bull was sold to Albert James of Dyfed for of Remitall Felspar, Moccas 1 Nugget. I won the the joint top price of 2,000gns, a price also paid by April sale Championship for the first time with a bull Miss Anne Humbert for the Reserve Champion, John I vaguely remember, Vorn 1 Lumberjack by Talent, Little's Reydon 1 Tennessee, and also by the MMB who sold for a price of 1,350gns, which was topped for Ray Westaway's Clipston Trigger by Wenlock by the Senior Champion, Crickley 1 Principal from Bombshell. Oscar Colburn, when purchased by the breed Patron, Trigger had earlier won his class and this was a day the Duke of Grafton, at 1,500gns. when all the first prize bulls sold for the top price in Lawrie was awarded the Herd of the Year trophy, and their classes. D T C Vaughan & Son were runners up, despite most Norman McMordie from Solpoll was another younger of our bulls being sold at Edinburgh, in our own sale generation judge at Edinburgh and his selection for and privately. the Championship was Pen-y-Parc 1 President from The Sire of the Year, which was based on all society Ken and Avril Evans. sales in Edinburgh, York, Leicester and Hereford, President made joint top price of 3,200gns when was easily won by Aqua Hollow Talent 24K with knocked down to Mrs A E Wauchope of Kelso. 79 points, three times the aggregate of the runner up President was a son of Royal Champion Banpro Ned Justamere Spifus, who was a grandson of Talent's sire and equal top price to him was Pen-y- Parc 1 Matador WSF PRL Justa Banner. by Pen-y-Parc 1 Kruger, who also sired two other bulls Spifus was by Glidden Mindbender 32H and I well at 2,300gns. Other than a couple of Talent sons from remember seeing three heifer calves by him in a the Kingsland and Vorn herds, the only other bull to top very cold sale yard north of Calgary some four years 2,000gns was the Reserve Champion North Clifton 1 earlier. I was travelling with some other breeders and Cruiser, a Justamere Spifus son from Mrs Pennington, these heifers were to be sold in a couple of days. The purchased by Brian Frith of Kent for 2,500gns. Only 52 bulls sold that day and the average had dropped. The April sale at Hereford saw the number of bulls sold drop by 30 to 54 with a slight increase in average price by £26 to £973. Top price of 1,600gns went to Moccas 1 Uncle from Lawrie Whittall, who also sold bulls for 1,200 and 1,400, all Aqua Hollow Talent 24K, Sire of the Year 1984 by a homebred son following day we arrived at Justamere Farms near Lloydminster, home of Jonathan Fox and his son Lyal, the breeders of Advancer 228D and WSF PRL Justa Banner. Lyal drove us around in a huge four wheel drive. We walked on a frozen lake and I picked up a piece of wood about nine inches long that the beavers had gnawed each end off. I could only assume they had cut it off the end of another piece to make it fit in the right place. For years it was a paperweight in my office. He then drove us into a paddock of weaned heifers demonstrating the adaptability of the breed as they thrived in those sub zero temperatures. Pen-y-Parc 1 President, Champion NHBS Feb ‘84 285 CLICK to ORDER


Lies, Damn Lies and Statistics (Mark Twain)

The table I have produced next is of all the sires of note in the 1980s that have EBVs for eye muscle area. I have endeavoured to include all the important traits. I consider ease of calving of paramount importance in beef production and called it birth as it has fewer letters. It is a combination of the weight, shape and amount of bone in the calf. Bulls that can hold their heads high generally sire easier born progeny in that they have neck extension which means the head comes out in front of the shoulders and of course a refined head helps. The maternal ease of birth is a figure based on the inherent ease of calving in the next generation from daughters, plus the pelvic area and ability to open up and push that the cow has inherited from the sire in question. From the table it would appear that Vorn 1 24K Leg Pull sired females that, although born easily themselves, were not very good at calving. I might add that Leg Pull was not named after being pulled at birth. He was so named because I had a Danish lad working for me, Bent Mortensen, who when the subject of a prank one day said, “Ah, leg pull”. The inheritance of gestation period only became known with the advent of AI and accurate dates of insemination. It is now known that the genes in the calf play a big role in when it decides it is time to come out and this also helps in birth weight. Another advantage of a shorter gestation period is helping to keep a herd calving regularly. It is of particular importance in dairy herds where a short calving interval is much sought after in state of the art herds, where each day over 365 is counted as a loss in profit. Light birth weights are becoming more important but if taken to the extremes it could lead to calves being born too light and weak to survive, especially in harsh weather. I have not included 200 day weights as they are of no value other than as an indicator of milking ability. The 200 day weight of a calf is otherwise only of use in helping predict 400 day weights of cattle above and below 400 days when weighed up to 50 days either side of the desired date. The 400 day weight has to be the most important for weight that is produced by Breedplan in the absence of a 500 day weight, which I always considered far more important as a lot of early life pluses and minuses would be more likely to have been ironed out by 500 days. In my days we had a term ‘400 day quitters’ for calves that had been on a super diet that had wonderful 400 day weights but then ran out of steam. I consider 600 as meaningless as some bulls are out working by then and most of the poor ones are still on a good diet for selling. Maternal 200 day weight needs to be treated like a pinch of salt as the faster growing females should produce faster growing offspring and I do not have enough faith in boffins to isolate how much of the growth is from the dam’s milk and how much from her growth genes. I have not inserted mature cow weight as it is a counter productive measurement as the less productive cows will weigh the most and the ones that calve early and regularly and milk the best will weigh the least. Scrotal size is not of major importance in the UK unless there is a problem in a herd. I have been informed by Breedplan that their EMA EBV is age based which means the heavier cattle will tend to have higher EBVs. In the sheep world it was age based until the government funded a progeny test run by SIGNET comparing over 300 rams used through AI and natural service in a number of commercial flocks. They were surprised that there was very little correlation between the high eye muscle rams and their progeny at slaughter. In 2019 they moved the goal posts and based their Eye muscle EBVs on weight, which anybody with half a brain would have done in the first place, and many breeders assumed they were doing all along. All shepherds using Performance Recorded rams had been led up the garden path. 304


In 2019, as I usually do after on farm scanning, I took what I considered 7 of my better lambs to be CT scanned (computerized tomography) by a travelling unit at Stoneleigh. It was after this that it dawned on me that we had jumped out of the frying pan into the fire as the new system was now favouring short bodied sheep. To prove my point I took a further 3 lambs to a later scan at Aberystwyth. When the results came out Vorn Courage, who had been the number 30 lamb in the UK, shot up to number one of all breeds with a TSI index of 467 which was 10% higher than the number two. I did a few calculations and multiplied the length of spine measurement by the EMA, which gave me the volume of top price meat, and adjusted for age and found I had five ram lambs superior to the UK number one. A little knowledge! Therefore, to save Hereford breeders following the shepherds up the garden path, I have adjusted the Breedplan EMAs according to the weights and have knocked off 0.4 EMA for every 5 kg above the breed average of +49kg and vice versa for those under, which I think is a good rule of thumb for the present. In my table this weight adjusted EMA follows the Breedplan EMA. The same can be said about fat measurements as about EMA except the breed is now in a state where excess fat cover is no longer the problem it was when the breed became too early maturing. The IMF (intra muscular fat) is responsible for today’s demand for Hereford beef and in the drive for more EMA it will go down unless breeders are watchful. I have not included carcase weight or retail beef yield as I have no faith in the boffins calculations based on my experiences with sheep. The next three columns are for the number of herds progeny were recorded in, the number of cattle with records and the number scanned for eye muscle and fat, which adds up to accuracy and if I had not added these at the end I would have had to produce accuracy figures under each EBV. Anyone interested can consult the data base.

John Vaughan and Orari 1 Nithdale who can surely claim to be the best Hereford beef sire bred in the UK in the twentieth century. His ease of calving, his daughter’s calving ease, his gestation period and calf weight combined with a plus 400 day weight and the highest EMA of any British bred bull leave him unrivalled. This EMA is even higher when weight adjusted and one only has to look at his picture to see that there would not be many sires that could produce as many thumb thick steaks. His only drawback is his excess fat which would not be that high when equated to the amount of eye muscle underneath. 305

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Pre - 1990 Sires with EMA Stats

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New Zealander Colin King judging at Tenbury With numbers of cattle in the UK being slaughtered for BSE still rising and UK beef having an awful press, Clive Richards bravely held a reduction sale that October where 35 head averaged £927, which must have been very disappointing considering what he had invested in the breed. Derek Vaughan dispersed his Kingsland herd the following month when he averaged £1,944, helped by the progeny of stock bull Chapelton 1 Field Marshall that himself sold for 5,200gns and was by Royal Champion Louada Sensation. The cows and calves sold to a top of 2,000gns for Kingsland 1 Lilac with her son Kingsland 1 Horatio by Field Marshall at 1,700gns. There was still no let up in the growth of BSE with 20,000 cases in the year and the press still decrying beef and of course no export trade for cattle and beef products. This had come when UK Herefords were building a market for breeding stock in a number of European countries, which were now being supplied by North America.

his pedigree now there are two doubtful animals in it. I always thought that his great grand sire, Wildcat Sundance, had a startling resemblance to a Simmental and rumour has it that Walter Palashuck, when expelled from the Canadian Hereford Association, informed the board that WP Patience, a great grand dam of Derby, was in fact out of a Holstein cross. It’s all water under the bridge now and luckily you don’t seem to find this bull’s blood in the present day Herefords! Looking back, respected judges like John Little, Ray Westaway, Michael Blandford and Ronald Wilson followed the array from the previous year and awarded him Supreme Championships, and even my old buddy Bruce McKenzie awarded him Supreme honours at the Royal. Maybe I would have done the same, but maybe not. The last bull I had imported, probably the most muscular Canadian bull yet, was KV Pokerchip with the third highest EMA of all the bulls imported from Canada.

ZKMH Derby, Royal Champion 1992

Looking along his back, it is quite apparent why he has a minus 1.1 for eye muscle. We had gone from 1992 Penatok Crusader to Derby and maybe the middle of January Champion in 1992 was Coln Valley 1 Oscar, the road breeders were right. owned and exhibited by Tony Whittaker, herdsman at the Crickley herd. Oscar had been named after the founder of the Crickley herd, Oscar Colburn. He was sold for the top price of 2,900gns to join the Crickley herd of Oscar’s son, Anthony Colburn. Neighbour from the Cotswolds, Michael Clark was Reserve Champion with Lowesmoor 1 Golfer that failed to sell in the ring at 2,300gns. Most of the summer shows that year were again won by Clive Richards with ZKMH Derby. As Hereford breeder John Wayne would have said, Penatok Crusader, Royal Champion 1955 “An uglier critter, I never did see”, and as Elvis would have said, “You ain't so big, you just tall, and that’s It is quite obvious that there is a lot more eye muscle all”. The breed had got to a stage where it could not area on Crusader. see that the Emperor had no clothes on. Looking at 312


2002 The first English event to take place after foot and mouth disease restrictions were lifted was the S&WM, where Colin Clarke awarded the Championship to Dendor 1 Unicorn by Sire of the Year, Costhorpe 1 Manhatten. The Bennett family supplied the Female Champion in Longville 1 Lindy Loo U17 by their former Bull of the Year Longville Raja. The Royal Highland Show was also held the same week J R B Wilson & Sons Canadian import Glenlees Storm 51C took the Supreme Championship with J M Cant & Partners Panmure 1 Plum Female Champion and Reserve Overall. Ian Watson from Australia very capably judged the Royal where he awarded the Championship to another Canadian import Onondaga Pure Gold. With five shots of Bannner and four of 15G, Pure Gold was ably shown by his owner Jack Henry from West Yorkshire. I had seen Pure Gold on a visit to Jack, shortly after his arrival, and was not expecting to see much as I had never seen anything I liked as a beef animal before with the Onondaga prefix. Imagine my surprise when I saw him and told Jack I thought he was by far the best Onondaga beast I had seen. His EMA EBV at plus 1.2, would be the highest, bar one, of all the Onondaga bulls I have checked, but with a 400 day EBV of plus 53kg it would still amount to a minus in my calculations. This is combined with a calving ease of -8.6%, which is somewhere in the region of bottom 2.5%. Female Champion, and Female of the Year was again from John and Margaret Cameron with Baldinnie 1

Oakland. She was by Louada bull out of a cow by another Louada bull, both with minus EMA stats.

Judge Ian Watson, left with his wife Helen née McEarchen, presenting The Australian Rose bowl to John Cameron It was a bit harsh on John, not allowing him to keep the ‘poisoned chalice’ as he had won it at three consecutive Royal Shows, but it does have inscribed on it ‘To become the property of any exhibitor, winning it three years in succession’. There had been no show in 2001 because of foot and mouth. American judge, Thomas B Turner, head of the Animal Sciences Department at the Ohio State University, was the judge for the Burke trophy. The Hereford pair, low on muscle but mobile, functional, fine in the bone and free of waste were perfect for him. He thus awarded the Hereford pair the Burke Trophy for the first time since Benny Dent

Burke Trophy winners Baldinnie 1 Oakland 4th, held by John Brown and Onondaga Pure Gold held By Jack Henry 335

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had awarded Nuelands Juror and Gask Lily 4th the Supreme to the Female Champion Sarabande Emma trophy in 1979. 37th from two Sarabande parents.

Pam Noel & Robert Snelling with Tenbury Champion, Sarabande Emma 37th and calf

Judge Thomas B Turner with HM the Queen, “My family always kept Herefords at Windsor”, “Well Mam I think you should start a herd again and I will be delighted to manage it for you” Among all the hype of the Burke Trophy, Barry Myers had a superb show with Reserve Champions for both sexes. Boundless 1 Tristar, the Reserve Male was by a son of Bull of the Year Boundless Hotline, who sired Boundless 1 Pretty Lady, Reserve Senior Female Champion. Reserve Female Champion however was Boundless Jodie 107, the winner of the youngest class, by another Boundless sire Nemo. It was quite ironic that Aussie Ian Watson should award first prize in the youngest Male class for bulls born after 1st March to a 26th May born son of an Australian bull. Leo’s Pride 1 Vanquish was the first offspring of Doonbiddie Hustler to appear on a British Showground. Vanquish had a May class to compete in at Builth and after winning it judge Robert Shaw made him Reserve Grand Champion to Dendor 1 Unicorn, the Shrewsbury Champion.

Reserve Supreme was the Male Champion Badlingham Brockenhurst, shown by another lady, Mrs L Jackson from Tring in Hertfordshire David, a regular buyer of Vorn and Costhorpe blood, had earlier in the year won the Irish National Show Championship with Udel 1 Trailblazer, the only poll entry and by Doonbiddie Hustler. He was also the first Hereford to win the County Wexford Show in eight years. Another Irish judge at the NPHS was John Christie from Northern Ireland who selected another female in the form of Shraden 1 Dowager T 1, shown by Hazel Timmis, beating Male Champion Dendor 1 Unicorn into Reserve. Dowager was by a bull Hazel had bought from Dennis; his former Sire of the Year Costhorpe 1 Destiny.

Hazel, Colin Christie & Anthony Colburn Dendor 1 Unicorn, Champion Royal Welsh 2002

At Kington Show Shraden Dowager T 1 became Female Champion but had to stand Reserve to the David Carroll, Poll Hereford breeder from Wexford Male Champion Dendor 1 Unwise, by Dendor 1 Rex in Ireland, judged the Tenbury Show and awarded the by Manhatten. 336


Knight Flyer had been the Irish National Champion at Tuilamore in 1996. He was out of a granddaughter of Vorn I Just the Job, the Talent son that laid such a solid foundation in his poll herd; so much so that whenever a Udel bull appears, Just The Job turns up in the pedigree nine times out of ten. The Camerons had the Reserve Champion in Baldinnie 1 Olton by Boundless 1 Nemo a son of Boundless 1 Hotline who had already sired two Champion Females from Baldinnie.

I also find that my impression about Wellington’s strength of loin was correct. From his EBVs based on one hundred and sixty progeny, of which fifty two have been scanned, I find he produces heavy calves with an EBV of +4.3 kg, that are a day over time, but not that bad for ease of calving at -1.5. He is in the top 10% for 400 day weights as well as carcase weight, but most important of all, a plus 4.8 for eye muscle area, well into the top 1%. I would say his only flaw is the -0.3 for intra muscular fat. Wellington’s EBV of 4.9 for EMA is one of the highest of all the animals I Peter Dowlman exhibited Clipston 1 Margaret D24 have yet checked in the process of writing this book. for Messers Spooner to be Reserve Grand Female I have today seen a report on the Designer Genes Sale, Champion and Wee Pete is pictured receiving his where a heifer sold for 10,000gns. The breed has now award from the HCS President, John Cameron. found its forte in producing marvellous sirloins. No amount of feeling and prodding will reveal the amount of loin under the skin, although I did have a hunch that Barwise 1 Wellington was strong in the loin, but that was probably the width I was looking at.

Blast from the past I visited the Royal Show that year and the bull that struck me was the Reserve Junior Champion. His name was Barwise 1 Wellington, shown by Carolyn Fletcher from Appleby in Westmorland, imported as an embryo from Argentina and full of North American blood. He was only a June calf and I remember looking at him and wondering if it was all from having a super cross bred surrogate dam. He had tremendous length of spine and width of loin and I thought to myself that if he grew on, he could be the best thing since sliced bread; not that I ever buy sliced bread. I came away thinking he was too complete too young and I never saw him again in the flesh. I have today checked his pedigree and found he has nine shots of WSF PRL Justa Banner and five or six of BT CL Domino 15G who is the second most influential North American poll sire. His direct sire line goes back through a lot of sires by the name of Prospector, bred at Colorado Agricultural Experiment Station, and then back to Anxiety 4th. I have never heard of this line of Prospectors, though I have heard of Mr Prospector the US thoroughbred stallion probably only second to Northern Dancer in influence in todays racehorse breeding.

Barwise 1 Wellington, Reserve Junior Champion Royal Show 2004 The only way I know of to make an accurate assessment of loin is the ultrasonic scan, or a CT scan which I assume is done by all professional beef breeders. Judges however are expected to go into a ring of cattle and pick out the ones that have the most to offer the breed. Most of the cattle shown at major shows, should by now, have been ultrasonically scanned except those from the amateur breeders, who are only there for the social life. These judges are awarding top prizes to cattle that are producing heavyweight calves with below average eye muscle areas and low intra muscular fat.

I fear that if the breed is to put so much emphasis into the results of what are effectively beauty contests, it will lose out in the race for the quality meat market. It is already behind the Aberdeen Angus in volume, 342


of the Hustler grandson, Churchlands Estate 1 Pegasus; Hawkesbury 1 Vollie Vont and Vienetta. This was the fifth year in a row that Royal Champion contained the blood of Hustler.

John and Margaret Cameron’s Female Champion Baldinnie 1 Fly 5th by Vanquish was made Reserve Supreme by judge Ian Shaw. These two bulls ended in the same positions at the Great Yorkshire, where Carolyn Fletcher was awarded Female Champion and Reserve with two daughters of Barwise 1 Wellington.

Hawkesbury 1 Vollie Vont, Royal Champion 2009 Danish judge Jens Michael Jensen preferred them both to Kinglee 1 Dakota from P Cobley, another bull with a Steve Edwards connection and full of Costhorpe breeding. Baldinnie 1 Cranmore was again champion at the Royal Highland, this time for his new owners D & S Smith from Girvan in Ayrshire. Reserve Male was the Junior, Romany 1 Emperor R22 E33, by Crickley 1 Figurehead that also won the prize for the Junior Native breed along with the Breedplan Interbreed class based on EBVs and looks.

Barwise 1 Rose, Female Champion G Yorkshire Cranmore was also Supreme Champion at the Scottish National under judge Aberdeen Angus breeder, Alistair Clark with Romany 1 Distiller Reserve, as he had been the previous year. This time shown by his new owner, Audrey Anderson of Panmure. The Royal Welsh was won by Llancillo Hall Hazel 20th, from the fledgling herd of Hughes & Gilson who also won the Junior Male Championship with Binnegar Winston out of their other cow Llancillo

Romany Distiller, The best UK bred Sire of the 21st Century to date in the author's opinion 363 CLICK to ORDER


Hall Beauty 11th, the former Female of the Year, who had beaten Hazel in the cow class at the Royal. Reserve overall was Free Town Eloquent the Male Champion and another by Westwood Solomon. Reserve Male was yet another son of Reydon 1 Tremendous, Bosa 1 Arnold, exhibited by T G & E L Thorne, who also won the youngest class with a daughter Glenvale 1 Angela 290, who became Reserve Female Champion. George Thorne later judged at Kington and awarded the Championship to Westwood Advancer who thus became Bull of the Year with the Female Champion, Hawkesbury 1 Vollie-Vont, also becoming Female of the Year and Barwise 1 Wellington the Sire of the Year.

Hawkesbury 1 Vollie-Vont, Female of the Year

Wellington was by Don Pacho Decathlete, a sire with a +3.8 EMA, who was by the Canadian WNH CHR MCA Decathlete who had performance recording on both sides being of line bred Prospector blood, or should I say inbred in that great grand sire Prospector 7558 only had one great grand sire, Prospector 4126, something I have never seen in a pedigree. His dam’s side was full of MSU breeding (Michigan State University. Wellington’s dam, Don Pancho X4 Etiqueta has a +4.2 EMA and is by Ta-Bar-E-L Royal who has 4 shots of Banner. The next sire is Remitall Boomer with his +8.4 EMA and another 4 shots of Banner. Grand dam is Quilmes PH Rosemary bred by the Estate of Leonardo Pereyra, after whom the Big Cup is named. The Rosemaries have always been a large family in the Quilmes herd and trace back to Rosemary, born in 1899 bred by a G.B. Perry. They then trace back to Rose of Westonbury bred by another Mr Child. In all their history there is only one bull I have heard of; Apsam. There are a dozen Quilmes Rosemaries in the 1945 Herd Book and half of them have a sire mentioned with Apsam in the name, and when I traced the 23 Quilmes bulls in that Herd Book I found Apsam in all but two. Therefore we can assume that the female line that produced Wellington was full of Apsam breeding and this was combined with quite a few crosses of Banner from the sire’s side. When I started this work I knew of Banner (I had visited with him) but I had never heard of Apsam.

Barwise 1 Wellington, Sire of the Year 2009 exhibiting his length probably inherited from Apsam 364


Champion was Spinney Dublin with a terminal sire in the bottom 1% for EMA at -0.2 while his rib fat index of +30 on the day putting him in the top 5%, of +0.7 is in the fattest 5% yet he has a minus for but sold to Richard Bradstock for just 2,000gns. IMF. Something like a Ryeland sheep! The Ryeland, Herefordshire’s other native breed, on whose wool the prosperity of Leominster was built, has now become a decorative breed kept mainly by hobby farmers, the majority female, to keep the grass down, and for the wonderful social life that accompanies them when going to shows. They have had no commercial basis in my lifetime because selection has been based on pretty show points such as pink skin and wool on the nose. But because they are so pretty and have a teddy bear like appearance they have proliferated across the country to the point that they are no longer a rare breed. How apt that this bull, who didn’t look that bad, should end his days on a farm with Ryeland Autumn Sale Champion Spinney Dublin sheep. Hereford breeders should be thinking, ‘There but for the grace of God go I,’ and be thankful to all His latest figures based on 121 progeny, of which 72 those dedicated breeders who have brought the breed were scanned, put him in the bottom 10% and make through the last 30 years. The following are some of him expensive at that, a real curve bender but bent the the dedicated breeders who carried on in a labour of wrong way; difficult calving -7.4 at +4.7 days while love.

Some of the dedicated breeders who carried the breed through the dismal decades

Audrey Anderson Panmure

Dennis & Doris Jones Dendor

The Wilsons of Cowbog Romany

Rodney & Rose Westaway Clipston

Non Thorn Studdolph and Reg Hutchings Fisher 366


Anthony Colburn Crickley

David Jones Phocle

Bob Borwick Mara

Clive Davies Westwood

John Douglas Ervie

Hazel Timmis Shraden

Stan Quan Border

John Cameron Baldinnie

Michael Clark Lowesmoor

Pam Noel & Bob Snelling Sarabande

Gerald Blandford Bosa Tony Bradstock Free Town

Edward Lewis Junior Haven

The breed owes these families and a few others, a debt of gratitude for their perservance 367

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Hero was by Fisher 1 Charlie and out of a dam with a minus 10 E of C rating. Hero after use in J Walkers Hyde herd has a +1.4 for ease of calving. It was good for the future of the breed that breeders like John were using EBVs. Second top was another Solpoll entry, Haymaker by Dynamite at 3,500gns and the three Solpoll bulls grossed 9,900gns. The Wilsons besides having Female Champion with Romany 1 Julia B1 J42 by the Danish Castro, topped the market with the 3,600gns received for Romany 1 Dawn A84 H38 by "Sire of the Year" Atlas. Dawn John McMordie presenting the Leonardo Pereyra travelled back to Scotland being bought by WP Eckles trophy to Nick Wren, with Rachel Ellis of Nordic from East Lothian. Tags and judge Robert Parker 2012 saw the appearance of the Hereford Bull The judge Robert Parker, the Black Baldie breeder sculpture in High Town in Hereford. from Stranraer, true to form, picked a champion with ease of calving and maternal traits. Cathedral 1 Manitoba bred by H M Scarterfield from West Sussex, was by a Hawkesbury sire and carried two shots of a former winner of the ‘big cup’, the 7,000gns Vorn 1 Grand Slam. Manitoba sold for 3,200gns.

Cathedral 1 Manitoba, Autunn Sale Champion John McMordie did however top the market with 3,800gns for Solpoll 1 Hero, one of three bulls purchased by John Walker of Clifton-upon-Teme.

Solpoll 1 Hero, Sale topper Autumn Sale 2012

Kindly donated to the people of Herefordshire by Clive and Sylvia Richards, to commemorate the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee. For a sculpture it was as good as I have seen, but what a pity it had to be in the opposition’s colours. What would the folks of Liverpool think if they had a sculpture of Kenny Dalglish outside Anfield in the colours of Man United. It would however be a sacrilege to paint a bronze.

The black bull, could not have been placed in a better position, as it is where the first Hereford beef was sold in butchers row. Two yards out of sight on the right hand side is Gordon Bennetts Bar, which was once the David Garrick Steak Bar, the first steak bar in the UK that sold Hereford beef in the 1950s. 386


Butchers Row Hereford 1815 by David Cox To the left is where the first Hereford beef was sold. To the right the site of the first UK Steak Bar, The David Garrick

The same view in 2020 with the black bull - by kind permission of Brian Hayward-Hughes 387 CLICK to ORDER


At Harrogate the Reserve Overall was another Baldinnie female, Cathy 40th by Baldinnie 1 Orient, a son of Hustler and exhibited by W P & K Wason from Fife. The Camerons, also from Fife, were awarded Reserve Male Champion with Baldinnie 1 Super Star by Einsteine. Heather Whittaker had Reserve Female Champion with Coley 1 Eva 302 by Calzaghe and with Vorn 1 Liverpool on her dam’s side. At the Royal Welsh, judged by Robert Thomas, son of Geoff, she won her class, but got no further as the Three Counties Champion, Coley 1 Clara 286, also by Calzaghe and with Vorn 1 Lionheart on her female side, took the Supreme Championship. Reserve Supreme was Dendor 1 Molly 41st by Solpoll 1 Gilbert carrying two shots of Vorn 1 Just The Job and also with Vorn 1 Liverpool on her female side. Molly then became Female of the Year. The Prime Minister David Cameron attended the show and wasted no time in telling Robert Thomas where he had gone wrong in putting that very narrow heifer up. Three long established Herefordshire horned herds shared the spoils at Tenbury. Supreme was Haven Kermit by former runner up Haven Cavalier who he resembled in looks.

Dendor 1 Molly, 41st Female of the Year 2014 Frenchstone P. 1 Dood, with a drop of Vorn 1 Leg Pull blood in his pedigree was awarded his first Championship and became Bull of the Year.

Haven Kermit, Tenbury Champion 2014

Bull of the Year 2014 Frenchstone P.1 Dood

Kermit’s stats were well below his father’s. Cavalier has a +3.1 EMA and +0.2 IMF, while Kermit is +1.5 and -0.3 and -1.6 for calving which is far better than Cavalier’s -4.3. It makes me wonder what sort of EBV for ease of calving Shucknall Favourite would have had. I remember reading an article by Edward Lewis senior on how the old bull had caused him so many sleepless nights delivering his offspring. Reserve was Free Town Landmark (X) out of the youngest class and by Free Town Hannibal.

It was apt that The Sire of the Year was won by the Jones family’s Solpoll I Gilbert, who had been Champion at the Royal Welsh two years earlier. Gilbert was full of overseas blood, so much that in the 5th generation, with 64 individuals, Vorn 1 Just the Job is the only British bred sire. 396


Female Champion was Phocle Dowager 71H by Clipston Juggernaut out of Dowager 123V, former Tenbury champion and twice Female of the Year. A Danish judge at the NPHS awarded the two top accolades to two Romany Julias. Supreme was Julia RE K42, the Junior Champion from Edinburgh and by Spurstow 1 Recruit. Reserve was her elder sister by SMH Castro Romany Julia D1 J42 exhibited by P & E Williams from Montford bridge near Shrewsbury. Grand Male Champion was Peter Cobley’s Kinglee 1 Normanton 1 Laertes, Champion National calf Kevin by former Bull of the Year Leos Pride 1 Ellis, Show 2014 that he had bought in partnership in Hereford for Reserve to him was another Normanton calf, Lionel. 7,000gns. And they were both out of Normanton 1 Jews Ear C21, the 2011 Female of the Year David Jones awarded the Kington Championship to It was a Normanton bull that took the Championship Haven Koala(x) from a herd that had produced too in Hereford in October; Kalidescope with two shots of many Kington Champions to count. Koala a +3.8 Vorn 1 Easter Boy and from another Hereford breeder EMA, but this is offset by a bottom 1% for ease of who wasn’t paying attention in school and couldn’t calving, at -7.4. From his name I assumed that he spell, William Livesey. must have a bit of Australia in him and he had. His sire was Mawarra Vice Marshall(x). whose +5.8 EMA is not much against his -16 calving index. If the Lewises and Bradstocks had both adulterated their herds with blood from poll bulls in the past, what was the point in carrying on with this differentiation? David placed four cattle from the Welsh Jones’ in the Championships, all first prize winners and all by Solpoll 1 Gilbert, the Sire of the Year. Normanton 1 Kalidescope, Champion Autumn Sale 2014

I haven’t written much about the calf shows as space is limited and if these calves turn out to be any good they will get mentioned later. However, when I was flicking through the 2015 Journal, the Champion at the National Autumn Calf Show caught my eye, Normanton 1 Laertes.

This son of the 2011 Bull of the Year, Normanton 1 Eastern Promise had twice won his class at Moreton and sold for 4,500gns to Vivian Collins from Kathlea at the back of beyond, behind the Skirrid mountain on the Hereford side of Abergavenny. Vivian had run a pedigree herd in the fifties and sixties with his father and brother. He had since developed a business of hiring out bulls of all breeds which had become quite lucrative and had recently established another Kathlea herd.Kalidescope had +2.8 EMA and was par for IMF. The Liveseys also took the Junior Championship with Normanton 1 Krypton by a Dendor bull that sold for 3,400gns. It was another bull from Leicestershire that topped the market when Peter Cobley’s Moreton Champion sold for 5,250gns to Englefield Herefords from Berkshire.

Every so often a bull catches my eye on first sight in the flesh, like Haven Nobility, Norridge Daedilus, Crickley 1 Traitor, Ddol Fergus, Myles 1 Hercules and Barwise 1 Wellington. I have thought much the same from pictures of Cotmore’s maternal brother Hope, The Grove 3rd, Apsam, Mr Barneby’s Gambler, One Royal, Tarrington Broadside, Penatok Crusader, Advancer 228D WSF PRL Justa Banner, Romany 1 Distiller. And then I saw this picture of Normanton 1 Laertes exhibited by T & W Livesey, mushroom farmers from near Leicester. 397

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Breed Championship at the Royal Highland against Panmure Plum L7. He doesn’t look so good as he did from behind in the stall at the Three Counties. There is something that reminds me of Haven Billabong, and lo and behold there he is in his pedigree. I’ve just asked David Jones if he reminded him of a bull from years ago and the response was Billabong. So I asked Clive Davies and got the same answer. I then rang Margie James and she ruminated for quite a while and said, ‘‘A Haven bull,’’ to which I did not reply and then she muttered, “Billabong”. Yet after eight generations he is only 1 part in 256. Strange things genes. Laertes is definitely too short in the body compared to the heifer in the ring with him on my screen and for a perfect bull he doesn’t stride out enough, but makes those short little steps. He does not move with his head proudly held high. Cattle and sheep with short necks cannot hold their heads high and are more difficult to give birth to, as the head and shoulders are trying to come out together. Neck extension not only helps at birth, but it enables the beast to take a much wider swathe when grazing and of course it would be difficult to get length of spine without length of neck. Laerates did however have a reasonable EBV for calving which is helped by his -1.6 on gestation days, a trait which is becoming increasingly important to dairy farmers. His ease of calving EBV has now dropped to -3.5 and his gestation time has shortened to -1.9 with now over 400 offspring.

Laertes went on to win the Interbreed title at the Royal Welsh and was Supreme Champion at the NPHS and Bull of the Year for 2016. He was not the perfect bull. He was not the best yet. His father, Romany 1 Distiller is superior on EMA, IMF and ease of calving and could claim to be the best Hereford Sire of the Century. Laertes was however admired by beef cattle men of all breeds and his two interbreed titles sent a message to the farming public that Herefords are back and can justly call themselves ‘The Greatest Breed on Earth’. What better place to finish this tale. I hope somebody else who is more involved in the breed will continue it later. It has taken the best part of a dozen years on and off, writing about the Captain, Edward Lewis, Sidney Owens, Fred Harrington and more recently Steve Edwards. It was also so enjoyable earlier discovering the hundred plus years before my time and men like John Hewer, Benjamin Rogers, Allen Hughes, William and Harry Griffiths and Percy Bradstock. Bulls like Lord Wilton, Franky, Anxiety 4th, Albion, Rodney Stone, Tarrington Optimist, all before my time. More recently it has become a labour of love, with all these new breeders I do not know and cannot do justice to.

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INTRODUCTION

The history and heritage of farming and livestock keeping have engrossed many for hundreds of years.

As each generation succeeds in the work of the previous, new fashions, techniques and stories arise. To track the development path of the Hereford Breed is a big report. From its origins in the backwater Shire of Hereford to its dominance as a World leader in bovine supremacy, the account is high on detail, full of complexity and undoubtedly fascinating. Over the three hundred years covered by The Greatest Breed on Earth, the cattle have been kept by Kings, Queens, Princes, Nobility, Presidents, Prime Ministers, priests, industrialists, celebrities, yeoman, farmers, tenants and many others. This has all contributed to the rich tapestry of the story unfolding. But, for the best effect the author needs to know the subject and have enormous determination for the task in hand. In T John Vaughan there could be no better candidate. His own ancestry reads like an honest performer entered into the Hereford Herd Book! His family has been immersed in the continued development of the Breed, seen many of the high times and low times, but they have stuck with it to witness first-hand the joys and failures. This practical experience is evident in bringing to life all of the Breed, the Hereford Cattle, the breeders and Worldwide followers. For those that have met with John, they will know of his research of a job in hand, his attention to detail and his rate of success. This would apply to his Hereford keeping, more recently in the breeding of Texel sheep and most definitely in the publication of this book. Other qualities that he possesses would be that wry sense of humour, his appetite for debate and clearly the confidence to get things right. All of this leads to a no-nonsense approach that is frank, interesting and humorous. This account is far more than just a history, as well as the cattle detail it also deals with social history, the part played by the characters involved and is clearly excellent in those respects. Along the way, many anecdotes will be shared and so too, practical content relating to livestock keeping that enables the work to be a great discussion document to assist in driving the cattle and sheep production industries forward. John was dominant with his herd’s success in the late 1970s and 1980s.

These achievements came following his travelling, selection of stock and inspired breeding decisions. Also at this time, the Hereford Breed very much faced challenge and change and undoubtedly John was at the forefront of the thinking and execution of modernising the Breed. With his cattle, John’s successes came in the form of top prize winners and high priced sales, that still leave their mark today. His work with the Texel sheep has been greatly influenced by his concentration on sound commercial attributes thoroughly measured by performance data. His understanding of these tools and indeed his analysis of them and their outcomes makes for strong and reasoned comments with both eyes on the future. This is why it is more than a trip down memory lane, much more like a late-night chat sat on a show-box! TJV’s long time following of Liverpool Football Club has instilled with him that, ‘You never walk alone!’ It is much like that with the huge support of the Texel Sheep family and certainly with the Worldwide acclaim of the Hereford. John has made a great input to the breeding within both species but quite possibly his greatest contribution to an even wider audience is this work. Any livestock breeder would much benefit from understanding the heritage, appreciating developments and working towards the future. The Greatest Breed on Earth gives us a great story but also shares with us the work, the talent and the genius of T John Vaughan. Clive Davies Westwood

CALL Now, and get your copy before Christmas +44 (0)7886 564 713 Designed by B. D. Hayward-Hughes 07886 564 713 415

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25% of the proceeds of this book will go into a fund to establish a Museum of HEREFORD cattle. Any donations of memorabilia, cash, other assistance will be greatly appreciated. email: brian@hereford-bull.co.uk

Order online www.hereford-bull.co.uk or CALL Now, either way get your copy before Christmas Tel: +44 (0)7886 564 713! 417

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The Greatest Breed on Earth  

The Hereford, The Greatest Breed on Earth

The Greatest Breed on Earth  

The Hereford, The Greatest Breed on Earth

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