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By: Will Byrd


Table of Contents Saltwater:

1. Great Barracuda 2. Peacock Flounder 3. Porbeagle 4. Blue Marlin 5. Crocodile Shark 6. Picasso Fish 7. Whitetip reef shark 8. French Angelfish 9. Sailfin Tang 10. Blackback Anemonefish 11. Clown anemonefish 12. Atlantic bluefin tuna 13. Skipjack tuna 14. Albacore 15. Fangtooth 16. California sheephead 17. Chinook salmon 18. Leather Bass 19. Spiny Puffer 20. Common Dolphinfish 21. Atlantic Salmon 22. Sockeye Salmon 23. Rainbow Trout 24. Brook Trout 25. Striped Sea-Bass 26. Whale Shark 27. Remora 28. Tarpon 29. Milkfish 30. Striped Mullet 31. Sloan’s fangfish 32. Bluehead 33. Greater Amberjack 34. Blacktip Shark 35. Cobia 36. Gag Grouper 37. King Mackerel 38. Jolthead Prgy 39. Lane Snapper 40. Mangrove Snapper 41. Mutton Snapper 42. Red Grouper 43. Red Snapper 44. Sailfish 45. Scamp Grouper


46. Black Sea Bass 47. Spanish Mackerel 48. Grey Triggerfish 49. Wahoo 50. Key West Grunt

Freshwater: 51. Channel catfish 52. North African catfish 53. Electric catfish 54. Sheatfish 55. Green sunfish 56. Bigmouth bass 57. Smallmouth bass 58. Redear sunfish 59. Central stoneroller 60. Brook stickleback 61. Macquarie perch 62. Fathead minnow 63. Longnose gar 64. Spotted gar 65. Florida gar 66. Shortnose gar 67. Alligator gar 68. White bass 69. Rock bass 70. Brown bullhead 71. Bluegill 72. Yellow bullhead 73. Goldfish 74. Cardinal tetra 75. Black crappie 76. Beluga sturgeon 77. Lake sturgeon 78. White sturgeon 79. Shovelnose sturgeon 80. American paddlefish 81. Three-lined pencilfish 82. Pike characid 83. Australian lungfish 84. Emperor tetra 85. Bleeding heart tetra 86. Common harchetfish 87. Amazon river dolphin


88. Frontasa cichlid 89. Oscar, tiger Oscar 90. Central stoneroller 91. Longeat sunfish 92. Central mudminnow 93. Black bullhead 94. Cuiu cuiu 95. Common carp 96. Silver carp 97. Reedfish 98. Cutthroat trout 99. California golden trout 100. Alaskan stickleback Saltwater invertebrates: 101. Thimble jellyfish 102. Purplestriped jelly 103. Sea nettle 104. Lion’s mane jellyfish 105. Eared stalked jellyfish 106. Moon jelly 107. Purple-spined sea urchin 108. Long-spined sea urchin 109. Common sand dollar 110. (Alaskan) king crab 111. Green crab 112. Florida stone crab 113. Yellowline arrow crab 114. Giant Japanese spider crab 115. Chinese mitten crab 116. Atlantic rock crab 117. Dungeness crab 118. Blue crab 119. Atlantic ghost crab 120. Pacific rock crab Freshwater invertebrates: 121. Freshwater jellyfish 122. Black spot flatworm 123. Eastern grass shrimp 124. Daggerblade grass shrimp 125. Asian clam


Title: Saltwater

Species#: 1

Common Name: Great Barracuda Scientific Name: Sphyraena barracuda Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Sphyraenidae

Geography/ Habitat: The Great Barracuda lives in nearly all warm seas. They like tropical regions such as Indo-Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. They live around coral reefs and they avoid brackish water unless ready to spawn. They prefer water temperature between 74F and 82F, but they have been in found in much colder water. Life Strategy: It is not clear on the reproduction of the Great Barracuda, but they like to reproduce in colder weather. They usually reproduce in estuaries and when they reproduce they leave their larvae, and at about 500mm the young will move out of the estuarie and move into open water. Food/ Feed Strategy: The fish are very aggressive fish and will eat other fish. When the Great Barracuda is young they feed on small things like silversides, small mullets, etc. When they get older they will eat mackerel, or even dolphin depending on their habitat. They use a sit-and-wait strategy, and their shape and color reduces their visibility to prey.

1. Body Form or Style: Sagittiform 2. Swim/ Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: terminal Citation: Fuller, B. 2000. "Sphyraena barracuda" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 13, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Sphyraena_barracuda.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species#: 2

Common Name: Peacock Flounder Scientific Name: Bothus lunatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Pleuronectiformes

Family: Bothidae

Geography/ Habitat: The Peacock Flounder lives in tropical and subtropical regions. They can be found off the coast of Florida, Bermuda, and down the coast of South America to Brazil. They live in clear waters and they live on sand and rock bottoms. They can be found at depths as great as 80m. Life Strategy: A male Peacock Flounder can reproduce with 6 different females during one mating season. They usually mate during the change in warm and cold water, and they also usually mate just before dusk. When mating the two fish begin to rise in the water, and after the rise a cloud of sperm and egg is released. This rise in the water takes about 15 seconds. After mating the male checks and makes sure mating was successful, and then the two fish swim away from each other in opposite directions. Food/ Feed Strategy: The adult flounders are restricted to feeding on other benthic organisms. They usually eat marine invertebrates, and they are very active eaters. They have a unique feeding behavior to stun their prey.

1. Body Form or Style: Depressiform 2. Swim/ Locomotion Style: Anguilliform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Otterbein, K. 2011. "Bothus lunatus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 13, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Bothus_lunatus.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 3

Common Name: Porbeagle Scientific Name: Lamna nasus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Lamnidae Geography/ Habitat: Porbeagles live in the Northern Hemisphere of the Atlantic Ocean (from South Carolina to the southern edge of Svalbard, Norway. The Porbeagle is primarily found in cold waters and is commonly swimming alone. This fish remains off shore during winter and comes a little inshore during the summer. The average deep is about 715m, and the average temperature is about 1C to 18C. Life Strategy: Porbeagles mate from September to November. There are two mating grounds for the western North Atlantic. It is found of the coast of Newfoundland and in Georges Bank in the Gulf of Maine. While mating Porbeagles bite their mate’s pectoral fins and flanks in order to remain stable. Porbeagles only breed once a year. Food/ Feed Strategy: Porbeagles feed on a variety of pelagic fish including lancetfish, herring, sardines, etc. They also may feed on other sharks, and sea snails and sea urchins, which says they are near the bottom.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform 3. Mouth Position: terminal Citation: Edmunds, J. and R. Meredith. 2011. "Lamna nasus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 13, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Lamna_nasus.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 4

Common Name: Atlantic Blue Marlin Scientific Name: Makaira nigricans Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Istiophoridae

Geography/ Habitat: The Blue Marlin lives in tropical warm areas in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. The marlin stays far from land except where the continental shelf is narrow. It prefers blue water like the northern gulf of Mexico, and it is found in water temperatures of 22-31C

Life Strategy: In the North Atlantic the spawning season extends form July through October, and in the southern Atlantic is when the sea surface is at 28C. In the Pacific is from December to January. The males can spawn all year round and the females can only spawn four times in one season. For males sexual maturity is reached at 2-4 years, and females reach sexual maturity at 120kg or below. The eggs of a blue marlin are spherical, transparent, white to yellow in color, and around 1mm in diameter.

Food/ Feed Strategy: The blue marlin feeds vary aggressively. When it comes up on a school of fish or invertebrates it comes at full speed and slashes through with its bill and then returns to devour the stunned or dead prey.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/ Locomotion Style: Thunniform 3. Mouth Position: terminal Citation: Tung, L. 2003. "Makaira nigricans" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 13, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Makaira_nigricans.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 5

Common Name: crocodile shark Scientific Name: Pseudocarcharies kamoharai

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondricthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Pseudocarcharildae Geography/ Habitat: The crocodile shark can be found in subtropical and tropical oceans of the world. They like the open water but have been found inshore, but the average deep is about 590m. Life Strategy: The sharks reproduce through internal fertilization. The female shark holds on to the pups until they are hatched. The female can have up to four pups at a time. When the pups are born they are miniature adults capable of swimming and feeding. Food/ Feed Strategy: The crocodile shark has a very strong jaw and is able to eat a wide variety of prey. They usually eat small bony fish, squids, and shrimp.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/ Locomotion Style: Thunniform 3. Mouth Position: terminal Citation: Sharma, N. and K. Wehrly. 2006. "Pseudocarcharias kamoharai" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 13, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Pseudocarcharias_kamoharai.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 6

Common Name: picasso fish Scientific Name: Rhinecanthus aculeatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Balistidae

Geography/Habitat: The Picasso Fish lives in the Indo-Pacific region, and they are found in shallow outer reef habitats. They are mainly found in water that has a salinity levels ranging from 1.020 to 1.023, and in water that has a temperatures from seventy-seven to eighty degrees F. Life Strategy: The Picasso Fish undergoes heterosexual reproduction, and the eggs are externally fertilized by the male. The female has nets that she holds the baby’s until fertilized and cared for until they hatch. Food/Feed Strategy: The Picasso Fish swims towards the bottom and feeds of the bottom. It’s diet consists of mainly reef invertebrates and algae.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Schaffer, K. 2000. "Rhinecanthus aculeatus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 21, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Rhinecanthus_aculeatus.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 7

Common Name: whitetip reef shark Scientific Name: Triaenodon obesus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichtyes

Order: Carcharhinformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography/Habitat: The whitetip reef shark is found in both the Indian and Pacific oceans. The whitetip is found in reefs and it is a nocturnal animal so it spends most of its time in caves, in the day, and at night it roams around the reef. It is commonly found at depths of 8 and 40 meters. Life Strategy: The whitetips have been known to travel in schools of nearly hundred to find a female ready to mate. When mating the male bits the pectoral fin of the female and this is done so they can stay in a vertical position. The female can give birth to 2 to 3 live sharks that are about 60 cm each. Food/Feed Strategy: The whitetips feed very aggressive because they are in caves all day long. They feed mainly on the bottom and they stick their head into cracks in the reef and wait for a fish. They mainly eat boney fish, but their mouth if very good for picking up crab, lobster, and octopi off the bottom.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Biology of Fishes, A. Feldkamp and W. Fink. 2005. "Triaenodon obesus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 21, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Triaenodon_obesus.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 8

Common Name: french angelfish

Scientific Name: Pomacanthus angelfish Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in coral reefs, and are found in the Western Tropical Atlantic ranges from Florida and the Bahamas to Brazil. Life Strategy: They reproduce at age of 3.4 years or older, and they reproduce by an egg-scattering process. When the egg and sperm meat they develop in beds of floating plankton. Food/Feed Strategy: They are mainly omnivorous, and they eat algae, detritus, and occasional parasites from other fish.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Kilarski, S. 2000. "Pomacanthus paru" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 21, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Pomacanthus_paru.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 9

Common Name: sailfin tang

Scientific Name: Zebrasoma veliferum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Acanthuridae

Geography/Habitat: The sailfin tang is found in the Pacific Ocean. They are found in lagoons and seaward reefs at 30 m or more. Life Strategy: They reproduce in winter or early spring. Spawning usually occurs at dusk on the lunar cycle. The fish become sexually mature between one and two years old. The eggs are pelagic and hatch after one day. Food/Feed Strategy: This fish is a diurnal herbivore and feeds on benthic algae

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Cater, K. and K. Wehrly. 2006. "Zebrasoma veliferum" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 22, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Zebrasoma_veliferum.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 10

Common Name: blackback anemonefish

Scientific Name: Amphiprion frenatus

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography/Habitat: The blackback anemonefish are found in the Western Pacific. They inhabit lagoon reefs with embayments. Life Strategy: A pair of blackbacks will mate for life, but if one partner leaves then they will find another one to replace to other one. Food/Feed Strategy: The blackbacks will eat algae, zooplankton, and small aquatic crustaceans. The blackback will bring food to the anemone and will eat, but when the fish drops crumbs the anemone will eat them. In reward for the crumbs the anemone protects the fish against predators.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Leutheuser, K. and W. Fink. 2004. "Amphiprion frenatus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 22, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Amphiprion_frenatus.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 11

Common Name: clown anemonefish Scientific Name: Amphiprion ocellaris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography/Habitat: The clown fish is found in the tropical parts of Asia and Australia. It inhabits coral reefs, and is found at depths of 15 meters. It is mainly found close to anemones. Life Strategy: During spawning the males will prepare the anemone, and then he will attract the female by extending fins, biting, and chasing. The males are very aggressive during spawning. Food/Feed Strategy: The clown fish is classified as an omnivore. They usually eat zooplankton, copepods, and algae.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Newcomb, D. and W. Fink. 2004. "Amphiprion ocellaris" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 23, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Amphiprion_ocellaris.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 12

Common Name: atlantic bluefin tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus thynnus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae

Geography/Habitat: The bluefin tuna are found in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans in the subtropical and temperate waters. They are found in both coastal and pelagic waters, and are found from the surface down the depths of 1000 meters. Life Strategy: The bluefin tuna reproduces by broadcast spawning. The females can lay up to 10 million eggs each spawning period. Food/Feed Strategy: When they eat they form feeding aggregations, and they use their ability to swim very fast to catch their prey. They will eat almost any small fish and they will also eat kelp.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Johnson, M. and K. Wehrly. 2006. "Thunnus thynnus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 23, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Thunnus_thynnus.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 13

Common Name: skipjack tuna Scientific Name: Katsuwonus pelamis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae

Geography/Habitat: Skipjacks are found in waters all over the world, but have never been caught in the North Sea and the Black Sea. They are found in waters above 15 degrees C. They are an epipelagic fish, and have been rarely found at depths greater than 260 m. Life Strategy: The skipjacks spawn all year long, and the females can have anywhere from 80000 eggs to 1.5 million eggs. Food/Feed Strategy: The skipjack has a wide variety of food. They feed from early morning and again in the late afternoon.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Ivan, L. 2000. "Katsuwonus pelamis" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 23, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Katsuwonus_pelamis.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 14

Common Name: albacore Scientific Name: Thunnus alalunga Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae

Geography/Habitat: The albacores are found in the subtropical regions of the North Pacific Ocean. Albacores inhabit depths of 0 to 600 m. They also are found in water temperatures at 10 to 25 degrees C. Life Strategy: The albacores are polygynandrous which means that when they spawn they spawn in groups releasing egg and sperm into the water. Food/Feed Strategy: The albacore’s diet depends on where he is. It usually eats small crustaceans towards the bottom of the sea floor.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Hwang, M. and K. Wehrly. 2005. "Thunnus alalunga" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 23, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Thunnus_alalunga.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 15

Common Name: fangtooth Scientific Name: Anoplogaster cornuta Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Beryciformes

Family: Anoplogasteridae

Geography/Habitat: This fish is found worldwide, and is found at depths from 2 to 4992 m. Life Strategy: When it spawns it latches its jaws onto their mate’s body. When they are 13 cm in length they reach reproductive maturity. Food/Feed Strategy: They are carnivorous and primarily feed on fish and shrimp.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Malhotra, R. 2011. "Anoplogaster cornuta" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 23, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Anoplogaster_cornuta.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 16

Common Name: California sheephead Scientific Name: Semicossyphus pulcher Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Eastern Pacific Ocean and in the Gulf of Mexico. They inhabit rocky shoreline reefs, and are found at depths of 6 to 30 m. Life Strategy: They are polygamous which means they have dominant males maintaining a harem of the females. Food/Feed Strategy: They eat benthic invertebrates.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Doan, T., L. Graves, S. Graves, I. Perez and M. Pineda. 2011. "Semicossyphus pulcher" (Online), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 23, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Semicossyphus_pulcher.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 17

Common Name: chinook salmon

Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus tshawytscha

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Pacific. When they are born they are born in freshwater and then migrate to the ocean. They prefer the water temperature under 14 C for maximum survival. Life Strategy: When they spawn they return to their natal streams at approximately the same time of year. They can reach sexual maturity from 2-7 years. Food/Feed Strategy: They feed on large zooplakton, herring, pilchard, sandlance and other fishes. While in freshwater they eat smalls animals.

1. Body Form or Style: Sagittiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Scott, C. 2003. "Oncorhynchus tshawytscha" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 23, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Oncorhynchus_tshawytscha.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 18

Common Name: leather bass Scientific Name: Dermatolepis dermatolepis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found mostly in the Eastern Central Pacific and the Southeast Pacific. They inhabit reef areas with a depth between 4 to 40 m. Life Strategy: They reproduce in groups and when they find a mate they rush to the surface and release a cloud of egg and sperm. Food/Feed Strategy: They feed on small benthic fish and they hover above the rocky reefs during the day in search for food.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Johansson, K. and W. Fink. 2004. "Dermatolepis dermatolepis" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 23, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Dermatolepis_dermatolepis.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 19

Common Name: spiny puffer Scientific Name: Diodon holocanthus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Diodontidae

Geography/Habitat: This fish is found throughout the world. They are found in shallow areas that are grassy flats, coral reefs, or mangrove areas. Life Strategy: When the puffer fish is spawning the male pushes the female to the top of the water, and the egg floats in the water until it is 10 days old. Then it is in a shell for 3 weeks and then it hatches. Food/Feed Strategy: They have teeth on their both upper and lower jaws. It is great for cracking th eshells of snails, sea urchins, and hermit crabs.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Kenzie, J. 2000. "Diodon holocanthus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 23, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Diodon_holocanthus.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 20

Common Name: common dolphinfish Scientific Name: Coryphaena hippurus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Coryphaenidae

Geography/Habitat: It is found in the tropical and subtropical areas of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They are commonly found near floating objects. Life Strategy: The male and female are sexually mature at age one. They spawn two to three times per year and can produce up to 80,000 and 1,000,000 eggs per event. Food/Feed Strategy: They feed on teleosts, cephalopods, and crustaceans.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Bostwick, J. 2000. "Coryphaena hippurus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 23, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Coryphaena_hippurus.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 21

Common Name: Atlantic salmon Scientific Name: Salmo salar Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography/Habitat: Mainly found in the North Atlantic Ocean. They live in freshwater for 2-3 years and then migrate to the ocean. They prefer temperatures of 4-12 C. Life Strategy: During the spawning season the males undergo conspicuous changes in head shape. The female deposits 700-800 eggs perpound of her somewhat adhesive for a short time. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat larvae of aquatic insects such as blackflies, stoneflies, caddisflies, and chironomids.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Renzi, V. 1999. "Salmo salar" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 24, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Salmo_salar.html.


Title: Salterwater

Species #: 22

Common Name: sockeye salmon Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus nerka Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography/Habitat: Found to the western coast of North America in the Pacific Ocean. They are born in freshwater and then migrate to the ocean to spend the rest of it’s life. Life Strategy: They mate seasonally. The larger males reproduce more because sockeye salmon are polygynous. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat zooplankton.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Kennedy, S. 2011. "Oncorhynchus nerka" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 24, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Oncorhynchus_nerka.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 23

Common Name: rainbow trout Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus mykiss Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography/Habitat: They are mainly found on the Pacific Coast of North America. They can be found in freshwater, brackish, or marine waters of temperate zones. They prefer cold water around 12 C. Life Strategy: Female find suitable nest sites, and the males guards the nest. Food/Feed Strategy: They are insetivorous and piscivorous. They mainly feed on invertebrate larvae drifting in mid-water.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Ridolfi, K. and K. Wehrly. 2006. "Oncorhynchus mykiss" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 24, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Oncorhynchus_mykiss.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 24

Common Name: brook trout Scientific Name: Salvelinus fontinalis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography/Habitat: They can be found as far south as Georgia in the Appalachian and in marine areas. They prefer temperatures that remain below 18.8 C. Life Strategy: Most of the time only a single male is able to fertilize the eggs that the female lays, but sometimes more then one male can fertilize the eggs. Food/Feed Strategy: Mainly when they are young they mainly ate aquatic insects, but when they age they mainly eat caddisflies, mayflies, midges, and black flies.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangfirom 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Roberts, J. 2000. "Salvelinus fontinalis" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 24, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Salvelinus_fontinalis.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 25

Common Name: striped sea-bass Scientific Name: Morone saxatilis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Moronidae

Geography/Habitat: They are mainly found on the Atlantic coast of the United States. They are found in large, deep bodies of water. They prefer temperatures limit of 9 C. Life Strategy: They reproduce in groups of about 7-8 males surround a single larger female. They push the female to the top of the water and this causes splashing on the surface of the water. When the female releases her eggs into the water then males release their sperm. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat zooplankton, insect larvae, small crustaceans, mayflies, and larval fish.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangifrom 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Wittenberg, J. 2011. "Morone saxatilis" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 24, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Morone_saxatilis.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 26

Common Name: whale shark Scientific Name: Rhincodon typus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichtyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Rhincodontidae

Geography/Habitat: They whale shark are mainly found between latitudes of 30 degrees N and 35 degrees S. They prefer temperatures between 21 and 24 degrees C. They have been found as deep as 2000 to 3000 m. Life Strategy: The male holds on the female by biting one of her fins, and then transferring sperm successfully. Food/Feed Strategy: They suck water into their mouth and catch plankton as well as jellyfish , anchovies, fish larvae, and coral.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: French, H. 2011. "Rhincodon typus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 24, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Rhincodon_typus.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 27

Common Name: remora Scientific Name: Remora remora Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Echeneidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in warmer parts of all oceans. They are pelagic marine fish and are usually found clinging on to large sharks, sea turtles, bony fishes and other marine mammals. Life Strategy: Much of nothing is known about the remora’s breeding habits. Food/Feed Strategy: They clings to a host and feeds on the scraps of the larger fish.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Leao, M. 2002. "Remora remora" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 24, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Remora_remora.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 28

Common Name: tarpon Scientific Name: Megalops atlanticus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Elopiformes

Family: Megalopidae

Geography/Habitat: Mainly found in the warm, shallow, coastal regions of the eastern and western Atlantic Ocean. They prefer warm waters and have been known to travel into freshwater. Life Strategy: They spawn seasonally and with multiple spawners. They travel offshore to spawn. Food/Feed Strategy: They feed on zooplankton, small fish, insects, and crustaceans.

1. Body Form or Style: Sagittiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangifrom 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Burnham, J. and K. Wehrly. 2005. "Megalops atlanticus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 24, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Megalops_atlanticus.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 29

Common Name: milkfish Scientific Name: Chanos chanos Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gonorhynchiformes

Family: Chanidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Indian an Pacific Ocean. They prefer water warmer then 20 C. Life Strategy: Not much is known about the milkfish mating systems. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat cynobacteria, diatoms, detritus, green algae, and invertebrates.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressifrom 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangifrom 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Sarroca, J. and K. Wehrly. 2006. "Chanos chanos" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 24, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chanos_chanos.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 30

Common Name: striped mullet Scientific Name: Mugil cephalus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Mugiliformes

Family: Mugilidae

Geography/Habitat: Found in the coastal waters of the tropical and subtropical zones of all seas. They are found in warm water from 8-24 C. Life Strategy: When they spawn they go offshore in large aggregations to spawn. They spawn 65-80 km offshore and in water that is over 1,000 m deep. Food/Feed Strategy: They are diurnal feeders. They mainly eat zooplankton, dead plant matter, and detritus.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressifrom 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Pullukat, R. and K. Wehrly. 2006. "Mugil cephalus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 24, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Mugil_cephalus.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 31

Common Name: Sloan’s fangfish Scientific Name: Chauliodus sloani Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Chauliodontidae

Geography/Habitat: They inhabit all marine waters in tropical zones. They stay in the open ocean at depths of 1000 to 2000 m.

Life Strategy: Very little is known about this fangfish because they don’t live in captivity very long.

Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat nektonic, planktonic, and benthic organisms. They use their fangs to hold on the the prey.

1. Body Form or Style: Anguilliform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Anguilliform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Swanson, D. and W. Fink. 2004. "Chauliodus sloani" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 23, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chauliodus_sloani.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 32

Common Name: bluehead Scientific Name: Thalassoma bifasciatum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Geography/Habitat: Mainly found in the tropical waters of the western Atlantic Ocean. They live in tropical waters often around coral reefs and offshore coral reefs.

Life Strategy: This fish mates using protogny. They mate on small reefs.

Food/Feed Strategy: This fish has a wide variety of food, but it mainly eats zooplankton, worms, mollusks, echinoderms, shrimp, and other small crustaceans.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Estoff, L. 2004. "Thalassoma bifasciatum" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 23, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Thalassoma_bifasciatum.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 33

Common Name: Greater Amberjack Scientific Name: Seriola dumerili Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Carangidae

Geography/Habitat: Amberjacks are found around rocky reefs, debris, and wrecks. They are found at depths of 60-240 feet of water.

Life Strategy: The amberjacks range in size of 20-100 lbs. The fish has a yellow stripe down the side of it’s body, and have a dark stripe from their nose to the front of it’s dorsal fin. When the fish is feeding the dark spot lights up.

Food/Feed Strategy: The amberjack has a wide variety of food. It will eat anything from pinfish to dead spanish sardines.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 34

Common Name: Blacktip Shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus limbatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichtyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in all tropical and subtropical waters. They are found inshore and offshore in warm waters.

Life Strategy: The females are viviparous and contain a yolk-sac placenta. They can produce up to 1-10 offspring. The offspring are usually born in the late spring or early summer.

Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat fish.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Thomas, N. 2000. "Carcharhinus limbatus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 23, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Carcharhinus_limbatus.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 35

Common Name: Cobia

Scientific Name: Rachycentron canadum

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Rachycentridae

Geography/Habitat: Mainly found around wrecks, pillings, channel markers, both inshore, and offshore. Life Strategy: The range in size from 15-70 lbs. This is a very strong fish that is sometimes mistaken for a shark.

Food/Feed Strategy: Mainly eats pinfish, cigar minnows, croakers, grunt, blue runners, and squirrelfish.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 36

Common Name: Gag Grouper Scientific Name: Mycteroperca microlepis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography/Habitat: Can be found offshore and nearshore. The larger groupers migrate further offshore, and in the summer time they move offshore, and during the winter they move closer inshore.

Life Strategy: They range in size from 10-60 lbs. They have a brownish gray color with dark patch markings on the sides. Food/Feed Strategy: They have a wide variety of food anywhere from pinfish, cigar minnows, croakers, and grunts.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 37

Common Name: King Mackerel (Kingfish) Scientific Name: Scomberomorus cavalla Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae

Geography/Habitat: There are mainly found in depths from 30 to 200 feet, and during the spring and fall migrations there are often found nearshore.

Life Strategy: The King Mackerel range in size from 10-60 lbs. They have a silver color on the side of the body, and a greenish blue color on their back.

Food/Feed Strategy: They have a wide variety of food from blue runners, pinfish, cigar minnows, ladyfish, ribbonfish, mullet, and threadfin hearing.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 38

Common Name: Jolthead Porgy Scientific Name: Calamus bajonado Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Sparidae

Geography/Habitat: Mainly found offshore in the Gulf of Mexico inhabiting rocky reefs, debris, and wrecks. They are mainly found at depths from 30-180 feet of water.

Life Strategy: They range in size from 2-10 lbs. They are generally silvery to brassy, with a bluish cast.

Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly feed on squid and crustaceans.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 39

Common Name: Lane Snapper Scientific Name: Lutjanus synagris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Percifromes

Family: Lutjanidae

Geography/Habitat: Adults are found mainly offshore in West Central and South Florida. The juveniles are mainly found inshore over shallow reefs.

Life Strategy: The size of this fish ranges from 1-2 lbs. It is a silvery-pink to reddish with short pink and yellow lines running down its side.

Food/Feed Strategy: This fish feeds from the bottom on crustaceans, mollusks, and fish.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 40

Common Name: Mangrove Snapper Scientific Name: Lutjanus griseus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinoptergii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Lutjanidae

Geography/Habitat: Mainly found offshore on coral or rocky reefs.

Life Strategy: They range in size from 8 to 10 pounds. They are dark brown or gray with reddish or orange spots along the sides. This fish only spawns June through August.

Food/Feed Strategy: Mainly eats small pinfish and cigar minnows.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 41

Common Name: Mutton Snapper Scientific Name: Lutjanus analis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Lutjanidae

Geography/Habitat: Adults are mainly found offshore in deep water with hard bottoms, rock piles, wrecks, and potholes.

Life Strategy: There are commonly found at the size of 15 lbs. The fish is an olive green on the back and upper sides, and all the fins below the mid-section has a reddish tinge.

Food/Feed Strategy: This fish feeds very aggressively, and mainly eats small pinfish and cigar minnow. It also feeds on small fish and crustaceans.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 42

Common Name: Red Grouper Scientific Name: Epinephelus morio Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography/Habitat: There are found mainly with hard bottoms.

Life Strategy: They range in size from 10-60 lbs. They are a brownish red fish and has blotches of white on itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s side in an unorganized pattern.

Food/Feed Strategy: This fish has a wide variety of food. It will eat anything from pinfish, cigar minnows, croakers, grunts, squid, and crustaceans.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 43

Common Name: Red Snapper Scientific Name: Lutjanus campechanus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Percifomes

Family: Lutjanidae

Geography/Habitat: The Red Snapper is found in deep water around hard bottoms, rock piles, wrecks, and potholes. Life Strategy: The Red Snapper can live up to 20 years and range in size of 2-35 lbs. This fish is a reddish color with a white bottom. Food/Feed Strategy: This fish has a wide variety of food will eat anything from dead spanish sardines to pinfish and cigar minnows. The fish feeds very aggressively and is a strong fight.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 44

Common Name: Sailfish Scientific Name: Istiophorus platypterus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Istiophoridae

Geography/Habitat: It is found in South Florida and the Gulf of Mexico. It is also found in waters that are associated with waters near the gulf stream (off the panhandle.)

Life Strategy: The sailfish can grow up to 5-7 feet, but it has a rapid growing rate, reaching 4-5 feet in a single year. The fish also can swim up to 50 knots.

Food/Feed Strategy: It feeds at the surface or at mid-depths. It mainly feeds on ballyhoo, flying fish, smaller pelagic fishes, and squid.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusifom 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 45

Common Name: Scamp Grouper Scientific Name: Mycteroperca phenax Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography/Habitat: This fish is found around reefs, debris, and wrecks, and they are mainly found in water ranging from 40 to 150 feet of water.

Life Strategy: They range in size from 5-15 lbs. They have light gray of brown spots on the sides of the body. When it spawns in late spring it undergoes sex transformation from female to male as it becomes older.

Food/Feed Strategy: It has a wide variety of food it eats mainly pinfish, cigar minnows, croakers, grunt, and squirrelfish.

1. Body Form or Style: 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: 3. Mouth Position:

Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 46

Common Name: Black Sea Bass Scientific Name: Centropristis striata Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perfiformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography/Habitat: They are mainly found offshore on hard bottoms and rubble.

Life Strategy: They range in size from 1.5 to 3.5 lbs. They have black or dark brown skin with black on white stripes.

Food/Feed Strategy: They are aggressive bottom feeders; mainly eatting small fish, shell fish, and crustaceans.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 47

Common Name: Spanish Mackerel Scientific Name: Scomberomorus maculatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Periformes

Family: Scombridae

Geography/Habitat: They can be found inshore, nearshore, and offshore. They are mainly found over grass beds and reefs.

Life Strategy: They range in size anywhere from 2-10 lbs. They have silver sides with green color on there back.

Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly feed on small pinfish, glass minnows, and greenbacks.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 48

Common Name: Grey Triggerfish Scientific Name: Balistes capriscus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Balistidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in both offshore and nearshore. They inhabitat harbors, lagoons, rock and coral reefs.

Life Strategy: They range in size from 2-10 lbs. They are light gray to brown.

Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat hard bodied prey such as: scallops, clams, barnacles, starfish, and sand dollars.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 49

Common Name: Wahoo Scientific Name: Acanthocybium solandri Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae

Geography/Habitat: Mainly found offshore in clear warm tropical waters near the surface. Temperatures anywhere form 71-79 degress. They also can be found in deep water over reefs, humps, and ledges. Life Strategy: They range in size from 15- 90 lbs. This fish has a dark blue coloring along its back.

Food/Feed Strategy: Mainly eats small fish, sardines, threadfin, cigar minnows, and squid. They feed very aggressively and at very high speeds. They can reach speeds in excess of 50 mph.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: "Florida Fish Identification - Offshore Hustler Fishing Charters." Tampa Bay FL Fishing Charters Tampa Bay Florida Deep Sea Fishing Charter Tampa Bay. Web. 23 Nov. 2011. <http://www.offshorehustler.com/fishid/>.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 50

Common Name: ocean sunfish Scientific Name: Mola mola Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Molidae

Geography/Habitat: The ocean sunfish are found in the tropical regions of the Mediterranean, Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. They prefer open ocean and deep coral reefs in order to be clean of parasites.

Life Strategy: When they spawn they are thought to have paired courtship. They have known to be mating in the Sargasso Sea.

Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly feed on jellyfish and gelatinous zooplankton.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Griffin, B. 2011. "Mola mola" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 23, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Mola_mola.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 51

Common Name: channel catfish Scientific Name: Ictalurus punctatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography/Habitat: It is found in the Neartic in lower Canada and throughout the midwest of the United States. It inhabits lakes, reservoirs, and ponds. They prefer muddy surfaces at the bottom and clear water. Life Strategy: The male and female mate in the summer time, but they meat much earlier. They mate by the male swimming past the female in the opposite direction, and the female releases her eggs into a nest made by the female or both, and then she gaurds them until they hatch. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat snails, yellow perch, algae, snakes, frogs, insects, aquatic plants, and even birds.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Schoonover, D. and W. Fink. 2004. "Ictalurus punctatus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 27, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Ictalurus_punctatus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 52

Common Name: North African catfish Scientific Name: Clarias gariepinus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Clariidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and in parts of Asia. They are found in lakes, ponds, and pools. They have adaptive to harsh environmental conditions. They can live in water that has a pH of 6.5-8.0. They are found in temperatures of 28-30 degrees C. Life Strategy: They breed in the summer after the rainy season. They migrate to grassy verges of rivers and lakes, and the lay their eggs in vegetation. Food/Feed Strategy: They are omnivores. They usually feed off of insects, plankton, snails, crabs, shrimp, and other invertebrates.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Gunder, H. and W. Fink. 2004. "Clarias gariepinus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 27, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Clarias_gariepinus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 53

Common Name: electric catfish Scientific Name: Malapterurus electricus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Silurifomres

Family: Malapteruridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found throughout western and central tropical Africa. They are generally found among rocks or roots in waters with low visibility. Life Strategy: Nothing much is known about the reproduction with electric catfish, but they mate in holes that are 3 meters in length and 1 to 3 meters deep. Food/Feed Strategy: They hunt and stun their prey with its paralyzing electrical organ discharge. They can consume prey up to half of their size, and will eat about anything that lives in its habitat.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Ng, H. 2000. "Malapterurus electricus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 27, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Malapterurus_electricus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 54

Common Name: sheatfish Scientific Name: Silurus glanis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Siluridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in eastern Europe and Asia. They are found in large rivers and lakes in deep water. They are sometimes found in the Black Sea and Baltic Sea. Life Strategy: There is not much known about the reproduction on sheatfish. Males create nest where females lay the eggs, and then males guard them until they hatch. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly feed on plankton, worms, snails, crustaceans, aquatic insects, and small fish.

1. Body Form or Style: Anguilliform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: SLONE, C. and S. Harrel. 2006. "Silurus glanis" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 27, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Silurus_glanis.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 55

Common Name: green sunfish Scientific Name: Lepomis cyanellus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in central North America. They prefer small sluggish streams and ponds. Life Strategy: They build nests around sunny areas with a gravel substrate. The males aggressively defended the nest. Then when the nest is ready they spawn. They spawn by swimming in circles above the nest. The males can spawn with several females simultaneously. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat insects and small snails. As adults they eat small crayfish, fish eggs, insects, and small fish.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Clemons, E. and S. Harrel. 2006. "Lepomis cyanellus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 27, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Lepomis_cyanellus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 56

Common Name: bigmouth bass Scientific Name: Micropterus salmoides Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in North America, Canada, Mexico, and from the Atlantic coast. They prefer quiet clear waters with abundant vegetation. Life Strategy: The male builds a nest in shallow water, and then the female swims near it a lays her eggs in the nest. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat insects, crayfish, and other fish species.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Curtis, R. and K. Wehrly. 2006. "Micropterus salmoides" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 27, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Micropterus_salmoides.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 57

Common Name: smallmouth bass Scientific Name: Micropterus dolomieu Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Great Lakes, Quebec, St. Lawrence, New Hampshire to North Dakota, and the Mississippi River. They prefer the northern range and are found in cooler rivers and lakes with rocky or sandy bottoms. Life Strategy: The male will guard the nest, and several females may spawn in the same nest. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat crayfish, amphibians, insects, and other fish.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Whitlock, J. and W. Fink. 2004. "Micropterus dolomieu" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 27, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Micropterus_dolomieu.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 58

Common Name: redear sunfish Scientific Name: Lepomis microlophus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in central and southern United States. They prefer warm and calm waters. They are found in ponds, lakes, river backwaters, and reservoirs. Life Strategy: Male redear sunfish make a popping nose during mating season. They do this to get the attention of a female. Then the males make nest from sand, and they are found usually near plants. After the female lays her eggs the male will not leave until they have hatched. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat insects and small snails

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Barbee, J. 2011. "Lepomis microlophus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 27, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Lepomis_microlophus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 59

Common Name: central stoneroller Scientific Name: Campostoma anomalum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in New York and through the Great Lakes. They are found in cool, clear, small streams with a fast current. Life Strategy: Males begin making multiple nests. The females are usually jumping out of the water (in the air) before spawning. Females will lay their eggs in the nest, and then they will leave. No male or female will guard the eggs. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat diatoms and filamentous algae. They also eat detritus, inorganic material, and blue-green algae.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Gagnon, C. 2011. "Campostoma anomalum" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 27, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Campostoma_anomalum.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 60

Common Name: brook stickleback Scientific Name: Culaea inconstans Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gasterosteiformes

Family: Gasterosteidae

Geography/Habitat: They are mainly found in the Arctic and Atlantic drainages from Nova Scotia to the northern territories of Canada. They inhabit shallow edges of cool clear lakes and ponds. Life Strategy: Males build the nest and the female comes and lays her eggs, and the males defend the nest until the babies are born. Food/Feed Strategy: They are carnivorous feeders on aquatic invertebrates.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: 2011. "Culaea inconstans" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 27, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Culaea_inconstans.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 61

Common Name: Macquarie perch Scientific Name: Macquaria australasica Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percichthyidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in Australia. They live in rivers and deep streams and rocky pools. They favor cool water with slow-moving riffles. Life Strategy: They migrate upstream in schools. The males nudge the females vent region which causes the release of eggs. The females mate each year. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat aquatic invertebrates.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Kosakowski, L. and K. Wehrly. 2006. "Macquaria australasica" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 05, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Macquaria_australasica.html.


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 62

Common Name: fathead minnow Scientific Name: Pimephales promelas Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found from Quebec to Alberta and Northwest Territories, Canada. They are also found in small rivers and ponds. They are mainly found in muddy pools. Life Strategy: They spawn between the months of May and September. They produce anywhere from 1000 to 10000 offspring per season. Food/Feed Strategy: They are benthic filter feeders sifting through the mud and silit in order to find food. They usually eat diatoms, filamentous algae, small crustaceans, and insect larvae.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Sommer, A. 2011. "Pimephales promelas" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 05, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Pimephales_promelas.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 63

Common Name: longnose gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus osseus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Semionotiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found throughout the eastern United States. They live in sluggish areas of larger rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and estuaries. Life Strategy: During the mating process 15 males can approach the female. Rapid and violent quivering makes the sperm and eggs to be released. Food/Feed Strategy: Gars are active night feeders feeding on insects and fish.

1. Body Form or Style: Sagittiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Rudy, B. 2003. "Lepisosteus osseus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 05, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Lepisosteus_osseus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 64

Common Name: spotted gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus oculatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Semionotiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found throughout Lake Michigan and Lake Erie drainages. They live in open waters usually 3-5 meters deep. They are found around fallen logs, trees, or brush. Life Strategy: Multiple males gather in shallow water near vegetation. Female allow more than one male to fertilize their eggs. Food/Feed Strategy: This species of gar is a ambush predator. It feeds on mainly aquatic crustaceans.

1. Body Form or Style: Sagittiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Hall, L., T. Meade, D. Paulette, J. Albert, K. Francl and S. Givinsky. 1999. "Lepisosteus oculatus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 05, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Lepisosteus_oculatus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 65

Common Name: Florida gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus platyrhincus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Semionotiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in Florida. They live in large lowland streams, canals, and lakes with muddy or sandy bottoms. Life Strategy: Females will lay her eggs on vegetation and the males will follow and fertilize them. Food/Feed Strategy: Florida gars use ram feeding, which is lunging or chasing to kill their prey at high speeds. They mainly eat fish and shrimp and crayfish.

1. Body Form or Style: Sagittiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Lackey, S. and S. Harrel. 2006. "Lepisosteus platyrhincus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 05, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Lepisosteus_platyrhincus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 66

Common Name: shortnose gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus platostomus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Semionotiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Mississippi River, central Ohio, Indiana, and Wisconsin to Montana, and Alabama from Louisiana. They live in lakes, swamps, and clam pools. They found near vegetation and submerged logs. Life Strategy: They spawn in early to mid April until the end of May. They spawn in shallow water with grass and aquatic weeds. Food/Feed Strategy: They feed mainly in the day. They catch their prey by ambush.

1. Body Form or Style: Sagittiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Bradburn, M. 2003. "Lepisosteus platostomus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 05, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Lepisosteus_platostomus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 67

Common Name: alligator gar

Scientific Name: Atractosteus spatula

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Semionotiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Ohio River and the Mississippi River south to the Gulf of Mexico. They live in large lakes, rivers, and bayous. Life Strategy: Female gars lay their eggs on rocks or vegetation. Much isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t known about the reproduction of this species. Food/Feed Strategy: They are carnivores and they sit-and-wait for their prey. They lung at them with short bursts of speed. They will eat fish, ducks, turtles, small mammals, and carrion.

1. Body Form or Style: Sagittiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Roberts, D. and S. Harrel. 2006. "Atractosteus spatula" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 05, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Atractosteus_spatula.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 68

Common Name: white bass Scientific Name: Morone chrysops Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Moronidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in many parts of North America. They live in large bodies of water. Life Strategy: They migrate upstream to spawn. The female releases her eggs and then the male is close behind to fertilize them.

Food/Feed Strategy: They eat mainly minnows, johnny darters, gizzard shad, threadfin shad, young sunfish, and yellow perch.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Morgan, T. and S. Harrel. 2006. "Morone chrysops" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 05, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Morone_chrysops.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 69

Common Name: Rock bass Scientific Name: Ambloplites rupestris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Great Lakes region and the Mississippi Valley. They live in large lakes, reservoirs, and ponds. In the winter you can find rock bass under ice, yet they can stand 88 degrees F in the summer. Life Strategy: They spawn in early summer. The male makes the nest and the female comes and lays her eggs. She can lay up to 2000 to 10,000 eggs, and they can hatch in one to three weeks. Food/Feed Strategy: They feed mainly on aquatic plants. They can also eat crayfish, minnows, tadpoles, worms, and insects.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Rolf, C. 2000. "Ambloplites rupestris" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 05, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Ambloplites_rupestris.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 70

Common Name: brown bullhead Scientific Name: Ameiurus nebulosus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography/Habitat: They found in Canada and the United States. They live in pools and slow-moving creeks and rivers, reservoirs, ponds, and lakes. Life Strategy: They make a nest and then a series of bumping and nibbling happens. Then they face away from each other during gamete release. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly feed on insects, small fish, fish eggs, mollusks, plants, leeches, worms, and crayfish.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Guth, R. 2011. "Ameiurus nebulosus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 05, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Ameiurus_nebulosus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 71

Common Name: bluegill Scientific Name: Lepomis macrochirus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography/Habitat: They found in the Great Lakes and Mississippi River systems. They live in slow moving lakes and rocky streams. Life Strategy: Males make the nest with about 20 to 50 other males in shallow water. The male grunts to attract the female, and then they touch bellies. Then they release the eggs and the sperm. Food/Feed Strategy: They eat very small animals because of their small mouths. They usually eat snails, worms, shrimp, aquatic insects, small crayfish, and zooplankton.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Parr, C. 2002. "Lepomis macrochirus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 06, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Lepomis_macrochirus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 72

Common Name: yellow bullhead Scientific Name: Ameiurus natalis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found throughout the eastern United States. They live in the backwaters with slow current in rivers and streams. Life Strategy: The males dig nests in the mud near rocks and stumps and vegetation to protect the nest. This attract the female for mating. Food/Feed Strategy: They feed at night like all other catfish. They feed on minnows, crayfish, insects, aquatic invertebrates, and worms.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressifrom 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Jenkins, G. and S. Harrel. 2006. "Ameiurus natalis" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 06, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Ameiurus_natalis.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 73

Common Name: goldfish Scientific Name: Carassius auratus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography/Habitat: They originated in China, but now they are found all over the world in aquariums, ornamental pools, and into the wild. They prefer slow-moving freshwater bodies of waters. Life Strategy: They mate during the summer, but if in an aquarium they can spawn all year. The female can produce thousands of eggs. Food/Feed Strategy: They eat plants, insects, small crustaceans, zooplankton, and detritus.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Street, R. 2002. "Carassius auratus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 06, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Carassius_auratus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 74

Common Name: cardinal tetra Scientific Name: Paracheirodon axelrodi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela. They live in slow moving water. Life Strategy: The females release their eggs during the rainy season. They mate during the twilight dring the rainy season. Food/Feed Strategy: They eat very small crustaceans, mesofauna, eggs, algae, detritus, and some other types of prey.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Fintushel, S. and W. Fink. 2004. "Paracheirodon axelrodi" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 06, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Paracheirodon_axelrodi.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 75

Common Name: black crappie Scientific Name: Pomoxis nigromaculatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in central and eastern North America. They live in clear, warm, highly vegetated lakes and rivers. Life Strategy: They migrate to shallow water and the male sweeps out a nest to attract a female. Females can spawn with several males and can produce up to 10,000-200,000 eggs per mating season. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly feed on vegetation, aquatic insects, minnows, and fingerlings.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Adams, R. 2000. "Pomoxis nigromaculatus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 06, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Pomoxis_nigromaculatus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 76

Common Name: Beluga sturgeon Scientific Name: Huso huso Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Acipenseriformes

Family: Acipenseridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Ponto-Caspian Sea, Caspian Sea, the Sea of Azov, and the Black Sea. They live in waters that have a temperature of 9-11 degrees C. Life Strategy: They do not reproduce very often. They reach sexual maturity between 6-25 years. Females only reproduce every 4 to 8 years. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat pelagic fish including flounder, flatfish, gobies, and Black Sea anchovy.

1. Body Form or Style: Sagittiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Chakrabarty, P. 2003. "Huso huso" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 06, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Huso_huso.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 77

Common Name: lake sturgeon Scientific Name: Acipenser fulvescens Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Acipenseriformes

Family: Acipenseridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in freshwater of North America. They live at the bottom of a riverbed or lake. They prefer clear sand or gravel. Life Strategy: In early summer they migrate to the shores of freshwater lakes and spawn. They spawn in a place that has no mud. The females can lay up to 2 to 3 million eggs per mating season. Food/Feed Strategy: The fish are slow eaters and can survive for weeks without eating. They mainly eat insects, worms, crayfish, snails, and small fish.

1. Body Form or Style: Sagittiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Catangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Dewey, T. and D. Sturgeon. 2001. "Acipenser fulvescens" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 06, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Acipenser_fulvescens.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 78

Common Name: white sturgeon Scientific Name: Acipenser transmontanus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Acipenseriformes

Family: Acipenseridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found on the Pacific slope of North America. They live in streams, rivers, estuaries, and some marine waters. Life Strategy: Much is not known about this species reproduction, but most sturgeons reproduce in rivers or lakes with fast currents. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat clams, mussels, crayfish, worms, and fish eggs.

1. Body Form or Style: Sagittiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Dershimer, C. 2001. "Acipenser transmontanus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 06, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Acipenser_transmontanus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 79

Common Name: shovelnose sturgeon Scientific Name: Scaphirhynchus platorynchus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Acipenseriformes

Family: Acipenseridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in Mississippi and Missouri river basins. They live in large waters, but usually found in pools downstream of sandbars. Life Strategy: They migrate upstream to spawn. They spawn in large schools and they rise up and release the eggs. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat insets, mussels, worms, and crustaceans.

1. Body Form or Style: Sagittiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Lord, K. and W. Fink. 2004. "Scaphirhynchus platorynchus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 06, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Scaphirhynchus_platorynchus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 80

Common Name: American paddlefish Scientific Name: Polyodon spathula Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Acipenseriformes

Family: Polyodontidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in 22 states that are part of the Mississippi River drainage. They live in deep large rivers with slow moving currents. Life Strategy: The males follow each other the where a female had layed her eggs and then they fertilize them.

Food/Feed Strategy: They are filter feeders and they eat zooplankton through filter feeding.

1. Body Form or Style: Sagittiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: Jerome, J. and W. Fink. 2004. "Polyodon spathula" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 06, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Polyodon_spathula.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 81

Common Name: three-lined pencilfish Scientific Name: Nannostomus trifasciatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Lebiasinidae

Geography/Habitat: This fish is mainly found in Guyana, the Rio Negro, and the middle part of the Amazon River. They live in slow moving acidic streams. Life Strategy: The female will lay her eggs on vegetation or just scattered throughout the water. Fertilization happens externally, and she can produce 30-70 eggs that take anywhere from 18-72 hours to hatch. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat insects, detritus, and algae.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Poor, A. 2003. "Nannostomus trifasciatus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 07, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Nannostomus_trifasciatus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 82

Common Name: pike characid Scientific Name: Hepsetus odoe Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Hepsetidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the tropical regions of west and central Africa. They live near banks of rivers with heavy vegetation. Life Strategy: They spawn after the flood season. The females can produce about 6,440 eggs per season. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat small fish.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Stewart, B. 2003. "Hepsetus odoe" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 07, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Hepsetus_odoe.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 83

Common Name: Australia lungfish Scientific Name: Neoceratodus forsteri Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Sarcopterygii

Order: Ceratodontiformes

Family: Ceratodontidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in south-eastern Australia. They live in still slow moving shallow vegetated pools. Life Strategy: This species of fish reaches sexual maturity at the age of 15. Loud noises are made by the male to attract a female. The females can produce up to 50 to 100 eggs per seanson. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat fish, frogs, tadpoles, shrimp, prawns, earthworms, aquatic snails, flowers, mollusks, and aquatic plants.

1. Body Form or Style: Anguilliform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Garner, S. 2011. "Neoceratodus forsteri" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 07, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Neoceratodus_forsteri.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 84

Common Name: emperor tetra Scientific Name: Nematobrycon palmeri Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in western Colombia. They live in pelagic freshwater rivers in South America. The pH can range from 5 to 8. Life Strategy: Fertilization occurs external and it occurs in open water. They can only produce 1 egg at a time so spawning can take several hours. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat worms, crustaceans, and plant material.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiformd 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Marceau, J. 2000. "Nematobrycon palmeri" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 07, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Nematobrycon_palmeri.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 85

Common Name: bleeding heart tetra Scientific Name: Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the upper amazon River. They live in streams and rivers. Life Strategy: Fertilization is external and after a quivering the eggs are released and attach to vegetation or fall to the bottom. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat small crustaceans, insects, zooplankton, and other organic matter.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Eng, S. and K. Francl. 2006. "Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 07, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Hyphessobrycon_erythrostigma.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 86

Common Name: common hatchetfish Scientific Name: Gasteropelecus sternicla Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: gasteropelecidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Amazon River. They live in well vegetated areas near shore. Life Strategy: They only breed for a short period of time. The eggs are released by the female, and then the male follows and releases his sperm. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat insects and larvae.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Shakoor, A. 2000. "Gasteropelecus sternicla" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 07, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Gasteropelecus_sternicla.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 87

Common Name: Amazon river dolphin Scientific Name: Inia geoffrensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Cetacea

Family: Iniidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Amazon and Orinoco river basins. They live in small channels just below waterfalls or rapids. Life Strategy: Little is known about the matting process of the Amazon river dolphin.

Food/Feed Strategy: They will eat almost anything ranging from 5-80 cm.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Bebej, R. and P. Myers. 2006. "Inia geoffrensis" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 07, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Inia_geoffrensis.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 88

Common Name: frontasa cichlid Scientific Name: Cyphotilapia frontosa Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in Africa. They live in coastal waters along rocks and at 30-50 meters deep. Life Strategy: Females release their eggs in deep water and she lays about 22-25 eggs per season. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat shellfish and smaller fish.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Takahama, K. 2001. "Cyphotilapia frontosa" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 07, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Cyphotilapia_frontosa.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 89

Common Name: oscar, tiger oscar Scientific Name: Astronotus ocellatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Amazon River. They live in floodplains and swamps. Life Strategy: They spawn in open water, and the eggs hatch after 3 to 4 days. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat insects and smaller fish.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Griffioen, L. 1999. "Astronotus ocellatus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 07, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Astronotus_ocellatus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 90

Common Name: central stoneroller Scientific Name: Campostoma anomalum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in New York and the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River. They live in pools or riffles with gravel or rubble substrate. Life Strategy: They migrate upstream to spawn. The males build a nest and protected the nest. The female comes and lays her eggs in the nest. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat filamentous algae.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Gagnon, C. 2011. "Campostoma anomalum" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 07, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Campostoma_anomalum.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 91

Common Name: longear sunfish Scientific Name: Lepomis megalotis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinoterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in North America. They prefer warmer waters which has a hard bottom of clay or gravel in clear waters. Life Strategy: The male makes a nest, and when the female enters the breeding colonies a male will try to lead her to his nest. When she is at the nest she will swim around it and the male will release the sperm and she will release her eggs. They can lay up to 137 to 2,836 eggs. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly will eat aquatic insects, microcrustaceans, fish eggs, young bass, and young sunfish.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Mullaney, M. 2003. "Lepomis megalotis" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 08, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Lepomis_megalotis.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 92

Common Name: central mudminnow Scientific Name: Umbra limi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Esociformes

Family: Ubridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in Canada and the United States. They live in waters with dense vegetation. Life Strategy: Little is known about the reproduction of this species, but they spawn in warm waters. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat small crustaceans, amphipods, isopod crustaceans, crayfish, hironomid lavae, culicid larvae, and pupae.

1. Body Form or Style: Fusiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Growe-Raney, A. 2011. "Umbra limi" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 08, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Umbra_limi.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 93

Common Name: black bullhead Scientific Name: Ameiurus melas Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Appalachian mountain range to Arizona, north to southern Canada, and as far east as to New York. They live in most freshwater habitats. Life Strategy: The female makes the nest and they nudge each other, and then she lays her eggs. The female guards to nest for the first day and then the male guards it for the rest of the time. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat invertebrates.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Rose, C. and S. Harrel. 2006. "Ameiurus melas" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 09, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Ameiurus_melas.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 94

Common Name: cuiu cuiu Scientific Name: Pseudodoras niger Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Doradidae

Geography/Habitat: This fish is found in South America. They live in large rivers. Life Strategy: There is no information on species reproduction, but it follows a migration pattern. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat crustaceans, snails, and other inverebrates, seeds, and fruits.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Oldfield, R. 2000. "Pseudodoras niger" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 09, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Pseudodoras_niger.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 95

Common Name: common carp Scientific Name: Cyprinus carpio Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography/Habitat: They are native to Europe, but can be found all over the world. They live in large and small man made reservoirs and pools.

Life Strategy: They spawn in spring and early summer. They can lay up to 300,000 eggs. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat insects, crustaceans, annelids, mollusks, fish eggs, fish remains, and plant tubers.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Chumchal, M. 2002. "Cyprinus carpio" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 09, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Cyprinus_carpio.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 96

Common Name: silver carp Scientific Name: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in Asia, China, and Siberia. They live in subtropical climates in large slow flowing rivers or lakes. Life Strategy: They spawn in the spring or summer. A single female can carry up to 2 million eggs. Food/Feed Strategy: They are filter feeders, and they mainly eat phytoplankton.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Ancevski, F. 2011. "Hypophthalmichthys molitrix" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 09, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Hypophthalmichthys_molitrix.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 97

Common Name: reedfish Scientific Name: Erpetoichthys calabaricus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Polypteriformes

Family: Polypteridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in Africa. They live in muddy rivers with poor visibility. Life Strategy: Much isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t known about the reproduction, but they fertilize external. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat small crustaceans, insects, and small fish.

1. Body Form or Style: Anguilliform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Anguilliform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Miedler, S. 1999. "Erpetoichthys calabaricus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 09, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Erpetoichthys_calabaricus.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 98

Common Name: cutthroat trout Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus clarkii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found on the western coast of North America. They live in streams in the Cascade, Rocky, and Sierra Nevada Mountain ranges. Life Strategy: The female will build a nest, and then the male nudges them and they release they eggs and sperm. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat small insects, and crustaceans.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressifrom 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Spaete, L. and K. Wehrly. 2006. "Oncorhynchus clarkii" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 10, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Oncorhynchus_clarkii.html.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 99

Common Name: California golden trout Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus mykiss aguabonita Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the western area of the United States. They live in lakes and rivers. Life Strategy: They spawn in the spring. The female lays her eggs in a specific area, and the male follows and fertilize them. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat shrimp, insects, and caddisflies.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Wimble, W. 1999. "Oncorhynchus mykiss aguabonita" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 10, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Oncorhynchus_mykiss_aguabonita.htm l.


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 100

Common Name: Alaskan stickleback Scientific Name: Gasterosteus aculeatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gasterosteliformes

Family: Gasterosteidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found all over the northern hemisphere. They live in small streams. Life Strategy: The males attract the females with a dance, and then the female lays her eggs and the male fertilize them. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat zooplankton.

1. Body Form or Style: Compressiform 2. Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform 3. Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Wood, S. 2011. "Gasterosteus aculeatus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 10, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Gasterosteus_aculeatus.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 101

Common Name: thimble jellyfish

Scientific Name: Linuche unguiculata

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Cnidaria

Class: Scyphozoa

Order: Coronatae

Family: Linuchidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the western Atlantic Ocean. They live in shallow, warm, marine waters. Life Strategy: In March and April sometimes over 1,000,000 group together and mate. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat plankton, copepods, and barnacle larvae.

Citation: DuBay, M. 2011. "Linuche unguiculata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 10, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Linuche_unguiculata.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 102

Common Name: purplestriped jelly

Scientific Name: Pelagia noctiluca

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Cnidaria

Class: Scyphozoa

Order: Semaeostomeae

Family: Pelagiidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean. They live in the open ocean. Life Strategy: They fertilize the eggs external, and the release the sperm and the eggs by the mouth. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat zooplankton, small fish, crustaceans, and other jellyfish.

Citation: Leverenz, E. 2000. "Pelagia noctiluca" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 10, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Pelagia_noctiluca.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 103

Common Name: sea nettle

Scientific Name: Chrysaora quinquecirrha

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Cnidaria

Class: Scyphozoa

Order: Semaeostomeae

Family: Pelagildae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean. They live in the open water with low salinity. Life Strategy: They reproduce sexually and asexually. They release the eggs and sperm through the mouth. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat zooplankton, ctenophores, and other jellyfish.

Citation: Lanier, N. and A. Weber. 2011. "Chrysaora quinquecirrha" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chrysaora_quinquecirrha.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 104

Common Name: Lionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s mane jellyfish

Scientific Name: Cyanea capillata

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Cnidaria

Class: Scyphozoa

Order: Semaeostomeae

Family: Cyaneidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the cooler regions of the Atlantic Ocean, North Sea, and the Baltic Sea. Life Strategy: They reproduce sexually and they fertilize sexually through the mouth. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat fish.

Citation: Naylor, B. 2000. "Cyanea capillata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Cyanea_capillata.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 105

Common Name: eared stalked jellyfish

Scientific Name: Haliclystus auricula

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Cnidaria

Class: Scyphozoa

Order: Stauromedusae

Family: Eleutherocarpidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the northern Pacific. They live in the cool coastal waters of the north Pacific. Life Strategy: They reproduce sexually by releasing the egg ans sperm into the water. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat small prey including: Bivalves, snails brittle stars, and crustaceans.

Citation: Naik, S. 2000. "Haliclystus auricula" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Haliclystus_auricula.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 106

Common Name: moon jelly

Scientific Name: Aurelia aurita

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Cnidaria

Class: Scyphozoa

Order: Semaeostomeae

Family: Ulmaridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in warm tropical waters in all marine waters. Life Strategy: They spawn in the spring and summer. The eggs develop in gonads located in pockets on the jellyfish. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat plankton.

Citation: Rodriguez, R. 1999. "Aurelia aurita" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Aurelia_aurita.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 107

Common Name: purple-spined sea urchin

Scientific Name: Arbacia punctulata

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Echinoidea

Order: Arbacioida

Family: arbaciidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in Cape Cod to the West Indies. They on mainly found on rocks and shells in deep salt water. Life Strategy: The females can release several million at a time. These eggs settle and the sperm is released. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat algae and other organisms that grow on the rocks around them.

Citation: Braccini, S. 2001. "Arbacia punctulata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Arbacia_punctulata.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 108

Common Name: long-spined sea urchin

Scientific Name: Diadema antillarum

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Echinoidea

Order: Diadematoida

Family: Diadematidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in shallow waters in the Atlantic Ocean around coral reefs. Life Strategy: The egg and sperm are released during each lunar month. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat algal turf of coral reefs.

Citation: Puckett, E. 2002. "Diadema antillarum" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Diadema_antillarum.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 109

Common Name: common sand dollar

Scientific Name: Echinarachnius parma

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Echinodermata

Class: Echioidea

Order: Clypeasteroida

Family: Echinarachrilldae

Geography/Habitat: They are found on the North American east coast. They live in intertidal zones. Life Strategy: The gametes are released in the water column and they join the plankton. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat algae and fragments of organic material found in the substrate.

Citation: Ables, J. 2000. "Echinarachnius parma" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Echinarachnius_parma.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 110

Common Name: (alaskan) king crab

Scientific Name: Paralithodes camtschatica

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Lithodidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found throughout the northern Pacific Ocean. They live at depths more than 200m. Life Strategy: Females attract the males after they have released their eggs, and then the male clasps on to the female until the female molts, and produce new eggs. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat fish parts.

Citation: Kluce, M. 2004. "Paralithodes camtschatica" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Paralithodes_camtschatica.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 111

Common Name: green crab

Scientific Name: Carcinus maenas

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Portunidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Atlantic Ocean and off the coast of Europe. They live in tidal marshes, sandflats, and coasts with a rocky terrain. Life Strategy: They lay her eggs and the female carries them in a pouch. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat clams, oysters, mussels, and other small cabs.

Citation: Tutt, C. 2000. "Carcinus maenas" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Carcinus_maenas.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 112

Common Name: Florida stone crab

Scientific Name: Menippe mercenaria

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Xanthidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Atlanic coast of North Carolina to the Gulf of Mexico. They live in seagrass beds. Life Strategy: They reproduce during the spring and fall. The female carries her eggs in a sac and carries over 160,000 to 1,000,000. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat zooplankton.

Citation: Brinkman, M. 2002. "Menippe mercenaria" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Menippe_mercenaria.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 113

Common Name: yellowline arrow crab

Scientific Name: Stenorhynchus seticornis

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Majidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Atlantic Ocean, and live on coral reefs. Life Strategy: The male deposits a sperm packet into the female crab to fertilize the babies. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly feed on small feather duster worms.

Citation: Block, M. 2001. "Stenorhynchus seticornis" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Stenorhynchus_seticornis.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 114

Common Name: giant Japanese spider crab

Scientific Name: Macrocheira kaempferi

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malaconstraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Majidae

Geography/Habitat: They are mainly found on the Pacific side of the Japanese islands. They live on sandy and rocky bottoms. Life Strategy: They mate during early spring. The male inserts the sperm into the female to fertilize the eggs. The female can lay up to 1.5 million eggs per season. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat dead decaying matter along the sea bed.

Citation: Riebel, W. 2011. "Macrocheira kaempferi" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Macrocheira_kaempferi.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 115

Common Name: Chinese mitten crab

Scientific Name: Eriocheir sinensis

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Grapsidae

Geography/Habitat: They are mainly found on the coasts from Japan to the mainland of China. They live in brackish water. Life Strategy: When they mate both sexes die and the progeny are left to fend for themselves. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat plants and animals.

Citation: Solovyeva, A., K. Bailey and D. Howe. 2008. "Eriocheir sinensis" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Eriocheir_sinensis.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 116

Common Name: Atlantic rock crab

Scientific Name: Cancer irroratus

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cancridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Atlantic Ocean. They live in the benthic zone of the ocean. Life Strategy: They mate in autumn. When they fertilize the eggs the female holds them under her belly and she can lay anywhere form 125,000 to 500,000 eggs per season. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat algae, polychaetes, mussels, gastropods, and crustaceans.

Citation: Page, K. 2002. "Cancer irroratus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Cancer_irroratus.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 117

Common Name: dungeness crab

Scientific Name: Cancer magister

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cancridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in California, to the Pribilof Islands, Alaska. They live in sandy bottoms below the tidal mark. Life Strategy: The male inserts the sperm into the female to fertilize the eggs. The female can produce up to 500,000 to 1,000,000 eggs per season. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat marine invertebrates and fish.

Citation: Khatain, L. 2000. "Cancer magister" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Cancer_magister.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 118

Common Name: blue crab

Scientific Name: Callinectes sapidus

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Portunidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Atlantic Ocean. They live in all types of environments. Life Strategy: Females only mate once in their live time. When the male fertilizes the eggs the female holds on to them in a pouch under her belly. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat clams, oysters, and mussels.

Citation: bodden, s. 2011. "Callinectes sapidus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Callinectes_sapidus.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 119

Common Name: Atlantic ghost crab

Scientific Name: Ocypode quadrata

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Ocypodidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Atlantic Ocean. They live in tropical and subtropical areas. Life Strategy: They mate throughout the year. After the male fertilizes the eggs the female holds on to them under her belly in a pouch. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat bean clams and mole crabs.

Citation: Izzo, L. and N. Kothari. 2011. "Ocypode quadrata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Ocypode_quadrata.html.


Title: Saltwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 120

Common Name: Pacific rock crab

Scientific Name: Cancer antennarius

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Cancridae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in the Pacific Ocean. They live at depths of 100 meters on sandy and rocky substrates. Life Strategy: They mate during the spring and fall. The male fertilizes the eggs and the female holds onto them in a pouch under her belly until they hatch. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat bivalves.

Citation: Cameron, A. 2001. "Cancer antennarius" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Cancer_antennarius.html.


Title: Freshwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 121

Common Name: freshwater jellyfish

Scientific Name: Craspedacusta sowerbyi

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Cnidaria

Class: Hydrozoa

Order: Hydroida

Family: Olindiidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found on all continents. They live in lakes, reservoirs, man-made, etc. Life Strategy: They reproduce asexually in the polp form. They release the eggs and sperm through the mouth. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat zooplankton.

Citation: Erwin, A. 2000. "Craspedacusta sowerbyi" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Craspedacusta_sowerbyi.html.


Title: Freshwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 122

Common Name: black spot flatworm

Scientific Name: Uvulifer ambloplitis

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Platyhelminthes

Class: Trematoda

Order: Strigeatida

Family: Diplostomatidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in nearctic and neotropical areas. They live anywhere it can find. Life Strategy: They reproduce sexually and asexually. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat anything that is obtained directly from its host.

Citation: Hickner, M. 2011. "Uvulifer ambloplitis" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Uvulifer_ambloplitis.html.


Title: Freshwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 123

Common Name: eastern grass shrimp

Scientific Name: Palaemonetes paludosus

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Palaemonidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in freshwater ponds, lakes, and streams. Life Strategy: They reproduce sexually. Much isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t known after that. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat algae.

Citation: Baranowski, C. 2011. "Palaemonetes paludosus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Palaemonetes_paludosus.html.


Title: Freshwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 124

Common Name: daggerblade grass shrimp

Scientific Name: Palaemonetes pugio

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Palaemonidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found on the eastern shore of the United States. They live in freshwater and saltwater. Life Strategy: They mate when the water warms up. The female develops a sac to hold the eggs until they hatch. Food/Feed Strategy: They mainly eat zooplankton, algae, and detritus.

Citation: Geraci, L. 2001. "Palaemonetes pugio" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Palaemonetes_pugio.html.


Title: Freshwater (invertebrates)

Species #: 125

Common Name: Asian clam

Scientific Name: Corbicula fluminea

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Bivalvia

Order: Veneroida

Family: Corbiculidae

Geography/Habitat: They are found in lakes and streams in Asia, North and South America, and Europe. Life Strategy: They release larval in late summer. The clam is believed to be self-fertilization. Food/Feed Strategy: They are filter feeders mainly eating plankton.

Citation: Naumann, R. 1999. "Corbicula fluminea" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed December 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Corbicula_fluminea.html.

Will Byrd Fish ID Project  

Fish project from Mr. Arington class at Auburn High School

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