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P\p-hcn 2012 thmfyw ˛ 44 e°w ˛12

Ih¿tÃmdn kzm`m-hnId∫-dns‚ ]cn-jvIrXcq]-߃ tUm. tdmkΩ Ae-Ivkv .................................................................................... 6

sNdpInScwKsØ d∫-dp-Xv]-∂-\n¿ΩmWkm≤yX tUm. Fen-k-_Øv sI.-sF, tUm. kn_n h¿§okv ............................ 9

Ir{Xnad∫¿sIm≠p≈ DXv∏∂߃ tUm: tP°_v sI. h¿°n ............................................................................... 12

d∫¿ØSn: kwkvI-c-Whpw D]-t`m-Khpw Fkv. taml-\-N-{µ≥ \mb¿ ............................................................................ 16

d∫¿ hyhkmbØn\p ]n≥_etaIn Nß\mt»cnbnse s]mXpkuIcytkh\tI{µw Fkv. KncnP ............................................................................................................. 19

kwc-`-IXzkwkv°mcw Xfn¿°p∂ Iemebw knÿ Dj B‚Wn .................................................................. 23

Nc°v˛tkh\\nIpXn \nbaw Hcpßp∂p F. kplrXv Ipam¿ ..................................................................... 21

apØp-°p-S-NqSn Cu PbtLmjbm{X

26

C¥y≥ cmPym¥c hym]mctaf 2011 ho≠pw tIcfw

at\mPv amXn-c-∏≈n .................................................................... 33

ssIØm-ßn¬ ]qh-Wn™ kz]v\w Pbvk¨ Nmt°m ....................................................................... 34

]w‡n-Iƒ

4 apJ°pdn∏v 5 DW-cp∂ tIcfw

{Kn-I-fpsS 35 sI´nS\n¿ΩmWkmahne-\n-e-hmcw

36

kpc£: tamjWØns‚ \„w Xo¿°m≥ _¿•dn C≥jzd≥kv hniz\mY≥ HSm´v

38

hym]m-c-ta-f-Iƒ°p Xne-I-°p-dn-bmbv C≥Uv FIvkvt]m .............................................................................................................. 29

s^mt´m-^o-®¿ temI-hn-]-Wn-bn-te°p ae-bmfkn\n-a-bvs°mcp PmeIw A\m-anI .............................................................................................................. 48

P\p-hcn 2012

- m-bt- I-cfw H‰-t\m-´Ø - n¬ 39 hyhk 40 GI-Pm-e-I-Øn\v Hm¨sse≥ kwhn-[m\w bneqsS 42 ]n.Fw.C.Pn.]n. amthen°cbn¬ anI® kwcw`߃ I-PmXn bphm-°ƒ°p 44 ]´nkuP\y sXmgn¬ ]cn-io-e\w

46 47

s]m≥Xn-f-°-hp-ambn hym]m-tcm-’-hw apt∂dp∂p hyh-km-b-`q-an-bpsS hne P\-d¬am-t\-P¿am¿°v \n›-bn°mw

vyavasayakeralam

.............................................................................................................. 28

sI.-]n. tkXp-\mYv

hyh-kmbtIcfw

apfbpsS hnkvabtemIw Hcp°n _mw_qs^Ãv 2011

hmßmdmbn´n√! A¤pX߃°p _meyan√!

3


apJ-°p-dn∏v VyavasayaKeralam www.keralaindustry.org January 2012, Volume 44, No.12

Chief Editor : T.O. Sooraj I.A.S Editor : Manoj K.Puthiavila SPECIAL CORRESPONDENTS Thiruvananthapuram : Lathakumari Kollam : S. Usha Pathanamthitta : T. Murukan Asari Alappuzha : R. Sunilkumar Kottayam : G. Rajeev Idukki : Anjith Ernakulam : P.P. Sreelatha Thrissur : M.C. Sasidharan Palakkad : Lissiyama Samuel Malappuram : M.K. Abdul Majeed Kozhikkode : M.P. Abdul Rasheed Wayanad : N.V. Mathai Kannur : S. Rameshan Kasaragod : E. Salahudeen

ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT T.O. Gangadharan N. Karthikeyan Nair Sajeer S. Clarama James Jiji Mohan A. D.L. Anithakumari P. Balakrishnan LIBRARY ASSISTANCE V. Kanakamma Denny M.X. TYPE SETTING S. Sajitha COVER, DESIGN & LAYOUT M. Deepak

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

EDITORIAL OFFICE Vyavasayakeralam Documentation Centre Directorate of Industries & Commerce D.I.C Building Vellayambalam Thiruvananthapuram - 695 033

4

Tel : 0471 2322789; Fax : 0471 2326756, 2305493 E-mail: vyavasayakeralam@gmail.com

The opinions and views presented herein are those of the authors. They are not necessarily the opinions and views of the Department of Industries & Commerce.

`£y-Im¿jnI kwkv°cWØn\p hn]peamb km≤yX £ykm[\߃°pw a‰p Im¿jntImXv ∏ ∂߃°pw A\ykwÿm\ßsf G‰hpw IqSpX¬ B{ibn°p∂ C¥y≥ kwÿm\w, Hcp]s£, tIcfamWv. \ap°v Bhiyap≈Xns‚ sNdnsbmcp ]¶p am{Xta \mw ChnsS DXv ∏ mZn∏n°p∂p≈q. AXn¬ C\n KWyamb h¿≤\sbm∂pw km≤ya√. P\km{µamb tIcfØn¬ Irjn°mbn ]pXpXmbn ÿew Is≠Øm\mhn√ F∂XpXs∂ {][m\ImcWw. Irjn BZmbIca√ F∂ ImcWØm¬ IqSpX¬t]¿ Im¿jnIcwKtØmSp hnS]dbp∂ kmlNcyhpw \ne\nev°p∂p. Cu {]Xnk‘n adnIS°m≥ c≠p am¿§ßfmWp hnZKv≤¿ apt∂m´phbv ° p∂Xv . DXv ∏ mZ\£aX Db¿ØpIbmWv AXnsem∂v . imkv{XobIrjncoXnIfpw kmt¶XnIhnZyIfpw D]tbmKn®mte CXp km≤yamIq. Irjn BZmbIcam°pIbmWv as‰m∂v. Irjns®ehp Ipd®v BZmbw h¿≤n∏n°pI F∂Xv C∂sØ kmlNcyØn¬ {]mtbmKnIa√; hneh¿≤\bpsS kmlNcyØn¬ hntijn®pw. Im¿jntImXv∏∂߃°p sa®s∏´ hne Dd∏m°pIbmWp ]n∂oSp≈ hgn. CXn\p≈ G‰hpw ^e{]Zamb am¿§w Ah ]camh[n aqeyh¿≤\ hcpØn hnev°pI F∂XmWv. C√mbvabnepw \√bfhp Im¿jntImXv∏∂߃ ]mgm°n°fbp∂ Ahÿbv°pw CXmWp ]cnlmcw. CsXmcp ZznapJhnIk\X{¥amWv. Im¿jnItaJebn¬ sa®s∏´ hne Dd∏phcpØn ]pXnb DW¿∆p≠m°pI; H∏w, sNdpInS-CSØcw hyhkmbcwKØp apt∂‰w D≠m°pI. CXp Im¿jnIhn`hßfpsS kw`cWw, kwkv ° cWw, hn]W\w XpSßnb cwKßfn¬ [mcmfw sXmgnehkcw D≠m°pw. `£ymhiyØn\mbn tIcfw ]pdtØs°mgp°p∂ ]WØn¬ Hcp]¶p \m´n¬Øs∂ ]nSn®p\n¿Øm\pw CXphgn Ignbpw. aebmfnbpsS t]mjImlmce`yXbpw CXp sa®s∏SpØpw. CsX√mw ap∂n¬°≠p `£y-Im¿jnIkwkv°cWcwKØp ^e{]Zambn CSs]Sm≥ hyhkmb-hmWnPyhIp∏p Xocpam\n®ncn°p∂p. CXns‚ `mKambn F√m Pn√bnepw CXns‚ km≤yXIƒ hnebncpØm\p≈ inev∏imeIƒ kwLSn∏n®pIgn™p. 15 ZnhksØhoXw ]cnioe\]cn]mSnIƒ \S∂phcp∂p. hn]peamb Bkq{XWamWv Cu cwKØv Dt±in°p∂Xv. CXns‚ apt∂mSnbmbn Ign™ Nne e°ßfn¬ CXpkw_‘n® teJ\߃ hyhkmbtIcfw {]kn≤oIcn®ncp∂p. d∫¿ kwkv°cWamWv Cu e°Ønse apJyhnjbw. XpS¿∂pw CØcw hnhc߃ e`yam°m≥ {ian°mw. Cu cwKsØ km≤yXIƒ a\knem°n ]camh[n kwcw`߃ cq]s∏SpØm\pw Imcyamb apt∂‰ap≠m°m\pw kwcw`Icpw DtZymKÿcpw ssItIm¿Øp apt∂m´p hcWw. CXp \mSns‚ Hcp ASnÿm\mhiyamWv F∂v Hm¿°pI.

`

No^v FUn‰¿

P\p-hcn 2012


DW-cp∂ ]n.-sI. Ip™m-en-°p´n

tIcfw

(hyh-kmb ˛sF-Sn˛ \K-cI - m-cy-hI - p∏v a{¥n)

sNdpInS ˛ CSØcw kwcw`ßfpsS {]m[m\yw hkmb kwcw`߃°v Bhiyamb `qan Is≠ØpI \ΩpsS kwÿm\Øv Zpjv I camWv . \nch[n h≥InS hyhkmb߃ tIcfØn¬ s]mSp∂s\ Bcw`n°p∂Xv AXpsIm≠pXs∂ Ffp∏hpa√. ]cnÿnXn kw_‘nbmb hnjb߃°v AXoh{]m[m\yw \¬Ins°m≠pam{Xta tIcfØn¬ GsXmcp ]≤Xnbpw XpSßm\pamhq. CØcw kmlNcy߃ icnbmbn a\knem°pIbpw hniIe\w sNøpIbpw sNøp∂h¿ ]dbp∂Xv, tIcfØn¬ kq£va, sNdpInS, CSØcw kwcw`߃°v henb km≤yXIfmWv D≈sX∂mWv. P∏m\nse Hmtcm hoSpw Hmtcm ^mIvSdnbmWs{X. CXnse AXnitbm‡n am‰nsh°mw. P∏m≥ \ap°v amXrIbm°mhp∂ cmPyamWv. \hkwcw`ßfpsS ImcyØn¬ ssN\bn¬\n∂pw Nne Bib߃ temIØn\p ap∂n¬ FØnbn´p≠v. Cu cmPyßfnse√mw hy‡nIƒ ]pXnb Bibßfpambn IS∂ph∂v kwcw`߃ XpSßn hnPbn®Xn\v \nch[n amXrIIfp≠v. B[p\nI kmt¶XnIhnZybpw Imcy£aamb hn]W\X{¥ßfpamWv P∏m\nepw ssN\bnepw kq£va˛sNdpInS˛CSØcw kwcw`߃ h≥tXmXnep≠mhm\pw hnPbn°m\pw ImcWambXv. tIcfØnepw A`ykv X hnZycmb, kmt¶XnIanIhp≈, F∂m¬ sXmgn¬clnXcmb e£°W°n\v bphP\ßfp≠v. Chcn¬\n∂v Ipd®[nIw kwcw`Isc krjvSn°m≥ \ap°v Ign™m¬ tIcfØnep≠mhpI A¤pXIcamb am‰ambncn°psa∂v AXnitbm‡n H´pw IqSmsX ]dbm\mIpw. hyhkmb˛hmWnPyhIp∏v tIcfØn¬ IqSpXembn kq£va˛sNdpInS˛CSØcw kwcw`Isc krjvSn°m≥ \nch[n ]≤XnIfmWv BhnjvIcn®n´p≈Xv. D¬]mZ\˛tkh\ taJebn¬ 6000 kq£va˛sNdpInS˛CSØcw kwcw`߃ Hcp h¿jØn\p≈n¬ XpSßm\mhiyamb {IaoIcW߃ Hcp°nbncn°p∂p. CXn¬ 175 kwcw`ßsf¶nepw h\nXIƒ°mbn \o°nsh°m≥ \n›bn®n´p≠v . {][m\a{¥nbpsS sXmgn¬ krjvSn°¬ ]≤Xnbn¬ Dƒs∏SpØnbmIpw CXn¬ 728 kwcw`߃ XpSßpI. A`ykv X hnZycpw sXmgnen√mØhcpamb 150 bphm°ƒ°v ]pXnb kwcw`߃ XpSßm≥ t\cn´v k¿°m¿ klmbw \¬Ipw. 6000 ]pXnb kwcw`߃ Npcpßnb Imebfhn¬ \ΩpsS kwÿm\Øv bmYm¿∞yam°m\pw AsXmcp hnPbamsW∂v ÿm]n°m\pw Ign™m¬ IqSpX¬ kwcw`߃ tIcfØn¬ XpSßm≥ kwcw`I¿°v Xm¬]cytadpw. AØcØn¬ Xt±iob kwcw`Isc IqSpXembn Is≠Øm≥ Ign™m¬ am{Xta \ΩpsSsb√mw kz]v\Ønep≈ tIcfw bmYm¿∞yamIq. km¿∞Iamb Cu e£yØn\v \aps°mcpan®v AWntNcmw. vyavasayakeralam

hyh-k kmbtIcfw mbtIcfw hyhvyavasayakeralam

hy

P\p-hcn 2012 \hw_¿ 2011

55


Ih¿tÃmdn

tUm. tdmkΩ Ae-Ivkv

]eXcw khntijXIfp≈ hyXykvXbn\w ]cnjv°cn® kzm`mhnI d∫dpIƒ hymhkmbnIcwKØv D]tbmKn°p∂p≠v. kzm`mhnId∫dns\ Aßs\Xs∂ jo‰m°n hnev°p∂Xn\p]Icw Cu cq]am‰ßƒ hcpØnbm¬ AXv BZmbIcamb Hcp kwkvIcWhyhkmbw BIpw. CXn\p≈ Nne kmt¶XnIhnZyIƒ ]cnNbs∏SpI.

kzm`m-hnId∫-dns‚ ]cn-jvIrXcq]-߃ vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

c

6

≠mw temI-al - m-bp-≤t- Øm-S\ - p_-‘n®pw AXn-\p-ti-jhpw Ir{Xna d∫-dns‚ DXv]m-Z\ - hpw D]- t `m- K hpw hfsc hym]- I - a m- b n. Ir{Xna d∫-dns‚ hc-thmsS kzm`m-hnI d∫-dns‚ hc-thmsS kzm`m-hnI d∫-dn\v F√m cwK-ßf - nepw AXp-hsc D≠m-bncp∂ IpØI Ah-km-\n®p F∂p am{Xa-√, ]e taJ-e-I-fn¬\n∂pw AXv ]pd¥-≈s - ∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. D∂-tXm-ja v mhv, Hmtkm¨, Hmbn¬ F∂n-hsb sNdp°m-\p≈ tijn-bn-√m-bvab - mWv kzm`mhnI d∫-dns‚ henb \yq\-XI - ƒ. F¶nepw, Sb¿ t]mse-bp≈ ]e kp{]-[m\ DXv]-∂-ß-fp-sSbpw \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\v

kzm`m-hnI d∫¿ IqSntb Xocp. d∫¿ KpW-߃ G‰hp-a-[n-I-ap-≈Xv kzm`mhnI d∫-dn\v am{X-amWv F∂-Xp-sIm≠v AXns‚ {]`mhw F∂pw aßmsX \ne\n-ev°pIXs∂ sNøpw. a‰v ]e hkvXp-°fpsSbpw ImcyØn-se-∂t- ]mse d∫¿ DXv]∂ - ß - f - psS Imcy-Ønepw Db¿∂ kmt¶-XnI KpWta∑ C∂v hfsc {][m-\-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ Hmtcm {]tXyI DXv]-∂-Øn\pw Bh-iy-amb Akw-kvIrX d∫-dn\v \n›n-X tXmXn-ep≈ kmt¶-XnI KpW-ßfpw anIhpw D≠m-bn-cn-°-Wsa∂v \njvI¿jn-°s - ∏-´n-´p-≠v. kzm`m-hnI d∫-dns‚ Nne ]cn-an-Xn-

Iƒ XcWw sNøm\pw Ir{Xna d∫-dn\v kam-\-amb Nne KpW-߃ ssIh-cpØm\pw th≠n-bmWv kzm`m-hnI d∫dn¬ Nne am‰-߃ hcpØn tamUnss^Uv \m®p-d¬ d∫¿ krjvSn-s®-Sp-°p∂-Xv. kzm`m-hnI d∫-dn¬ {]tXy-IX - cw cmk, `uXnI am‰-߃ hcpØn ]cn-jI v cn-s®-SpØv Hmtcm {]tXyI DXv]-∂Øn\pw tbmPn® Xc-Øn-ep≈ hnhn-[Xcw tamUn-ss^Uv \m®p-d¬ d∫-dp-Iƒ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øn-sb-Sp-°p-∂p. `uXn-I-am-‰ßƒ hcp-Ønb DXv]∂ - ß - ƒ t\m°mw.

d∫¿ an{inXw kzm`m-hnI d∫-dp-ambn cmk-{]h¿Ø- \ - Ø n¬ G¿s∏- S mØ Nne P\p-hcn 2012


P\p-hcn 2012

bp- ≠ m- ° p∂ an{in- X - a mWv Hmbn¬ FIvÂUv \m®p-d¬ d∫¿ (OENR). CXp-]t- bm-Kn-®p-≠m-°p∂ Sb-dp-Iƒ°v a™p-aq-Snb tdmUn¬ t]mepw sX∂nt∏m-hmsX \√ ]nSpØw e`n-°p-∂p.

sª≥UnwKv kzm`m-hnI d∫-dns‚ IqsS t]mfn FØn-eo≥ As√-¶n¬ t]mfn s{]m∏eo≥ tN¿Øp-≠m-°p∂ sX¿tam-πmÃnIv \m®p-d¬ d∫¿ (TPNR) sª≥UpIƒ°v Nne A\p-Iqe KpW-ß-fp-≠v. hƒ°-ss\Uv sNbvX d∫-dns‚ KpWßfpw πmÃn-°ns‚ t{]mk-knwKv ta∑Ifpw HØn-W-ßnb Ch Hmtkm¨, NqSv F∂n-hsb {]Xn-tcm-[n-°p-∂-Xn¬

apº-¥n-bn-em-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v Ah ta¬Øcw sNcp-∏p-Iƒ, kvt]m¿Svkv hkvXp-°ƒ, Im¿ tdUn-tb-‰¿ {Kn√p-Iƒ, π§p- I ƒ, ssSep- I ƒ F∂n- h - b psS \n¿Ωm-WØ - n\v hym]-Ia - mbn D]-tbm-Kn°p-∂p.

a‰p coXn-Iƒ kzm`m-hnI d∫-dns‚ ip≤o-I-cn® cq]-amWv t{]m´o≥ am‰nb kzm`m-hn-Id- ∫¿ (DPNR). t{]m´o-\n-s‚bpw Nmc-Øns‚bpw Awiw hfsc Ipd®p am{Xta CXn- e q- ≠ mhq F∂- X mWv CXns‚ {]tXy-I-X. d∫¿ ]men¬ AS-ßn-bn-cn°p∂ t{]m´o≥ (protein) LS-I-ßsf F≥ssk-ap-If - psS (enzimes) klm-bØm¬ \o°w sNbvXmWv DPNR \n¿Ωn°p-∂-Xv. {Io∏v (crepe), kv{Skv dnemIvtk-j≥ (stress relaxation) XpS-ßnb Ne-\m-flI kz`m-h-߃ (Dynamic properties) Bh-iy-amb F©n-\o-bdnwKv, Ce-Iv{Sn-°¬ D]-I-c-W-ß-fpsS `mK-߃, KmkvI-‰p-Iƒ, koep-Iƒ, F©n≥ au≠p- I ƒ F∂n- h - b psS \n¿Ωm-W-Øn¬ Cu d∫-dp-Iƒ kp{][m\ ]¶v hln-°p-∂p.

cmknIambn ]cn-jvI-cn® d∫-dp-Iƒ

vyavasayakeralam

t]mfn s{]m∏-eo≥ tN¿Øp-≠m-°p∂ sX¿tam-πm-ÃnIv \m®p-d¬ d∫¿ sIm≠p \n¿Ωn® jq tkmƒ

d∫-dnse hnhn-[-Xcw X∑m-{X-Isf ASn-ÿm-\-am-°n-bmWv Cu cmk-am-‰ßƒ \S-Øp-∂-Xv. d∫-dns‚ ]qcn-X-a√mØ Im¿_¨ t_m≠p-Iƒ (unsaturated carbon bonds) [mcmfw D≈-Xn\m¬ ]e Xcw cmk-am-‰ß - ƒ km≤y-amWv. CØcw am‰-ßf - n-eqsS aqe ]Zm¿∞Øn¬\n∂p hyXy-kvXamb, F∂m¬ hf-sc-tbsd ta∑-If - p-≈, ]pXnb d∫¿ D≠m-°n-sb-Sp-°m≥ km[n-°p-∂p. aq∂v Xc-Øn-emWv CØcw cmk-am-‰ß - ƒ 1. cmk-{]-h¿Ø-\t- i-jn-bp≈ Nne LS-I-߃ d∫¿ X∑m-{X-I-fpsS ]e ÿe-ßf - nepw ]X°w t]mse tN¿Øpsh-®p-≠m-°n-sb-Sp-°p∂ ]pXnb d∫¿ 2. d∫¿ t]mfn-a-dns‚ ]e `mK-ß-

hyh-kmbtIcfw

hkvXp-°ƒ d∫-dn-t\mSv tN¿Øv an{inX-ß-fp-≠m°n tamUnss^Uv d∫¿ D≠m-°p∂ coXn-bm-Wn-Xv. Cu hkvXphn¬ G‰hpw {][m-\s - ∏-´X - mWv t\¿Ωbp≈ Icn-s∏mSn (carbon black). Icns∏mSn tN¿Øv d∫¿ an{inXw D≠m-°ptºmƒ d∫-dns‚ _ew ]Xn-∑-Sßv h¿≤n-°p-∂p. DW-ßnb kzm`m-hnI d∫dpw Icn-s∏m-Snbpw anIvknwKv an√n¬ \∂mbn Ac-®p-tN¿ØmWv km[m-cW - bmbn d∫¿- ˛ - I m¿_¨ ªmIv tImºu≠v D≠m-°p-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ CXn\v Nne t]mcm-bva-I-fp-≠v. hfsc t\¿Ωbp≈ Icn an√n¬ tN¿°p-tºmƒ ^mIvSd- n-°p-≈n¬ am{X-a√ ]cn-kc - a- msI AXv ]S-cp-∂p. Icn ssIImcyw sNøp∂ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°v AXp-aqew izmk-XS w t]mep≈ Btcm-Ky-{]-iv\-߃ D≠m-Ip-∂p-ap-≠v. d∫¿∏men¬ t\cn´v Im¿_¨ ªm°v tN¿Øv Dd Iq´n d∫¿-˛I - m¿_¨ ªm°v an{inXw D≠m-°pIbmWv CXns\mcp {]Xn-hn-[n-bmbn \n¿t±in-°s - ∏-Sp∂-Xv. F∂m¬ CXn\v ]e t]mcm-bvaIfpw D≠v. Cu {]iv\Øn\p efn-Xamsbmcp ]cn-lmcam¿§w C¥y≥ d∫¿ Kth-jW tI{µw hnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp-Øn-´p≠v. Acn-s∏m-Sn-bn¬ sh≈w tN¿Øv Acn-am-hp-≠m°p∂t]mse Icn-s∏m-Snbn¬ sh≈w tN¿Øv t\¿Ω-bp≈ Ipgºv (slurry) D≠m-°p-Ib - mWv BZyw sNøp-∂-Xv. B Ipgºv Ipsd-s»-bmbn d∫¿ ]men-t\mSv tN¿°p-∂p. H∏w Dd Iq´m- \ mbn BknUpw tN¿°p- ∂ p. Ct∏mƒ Icn-bpsS IW-߃ D≈n¬ hln-°p∂ d∫¿ sImbw-Kpew cq]w sIm≈p∂p; Icn H´pwXs∂ ]pd-tØ°v t]mbn \jvSs - ∏-Sp-∂p-an-√, d∫¿∏men¬ Hcp {]tXyI Xcw cmk-hkvXp tN¿°p∂-Xn-\m-emWv BknUv Hgn-°p-tºmƒ d∫-¿∏m¬ s]s´∂v I´-]n-Sn-°p-∂X - v. d∫dpw an\-d¬ Hmbnepw Ie¿Øn-

7


hkvXp-°f - p-sSbpw \n¿Ωm-WØ - n\v CXv D]-tbmKn-°p-∂p. Ct]m-Ivkn-ssUkvUv \m®p-d¬ d∫¿(ENR) Ir{Xna d∫-dp-Isf At]-£n®v kzm`m-hnI d∫-dn\v \nc-h[n sa®-ß-fp-s≠-¶nepw D≈neqsS hmbp-hns\ IS-Øn-hn-Sp∂ kz`m-hw, s]t{Sm-fnbw Hmbn-ep-Iƒs°-Xn-sc-bp≈ {]Xntcm[ tijn-bn-√mbva F∂o Imcy-ßf - n¬ AXv hfsc ]n∂n-em-Wv. CXn-s\mcp {]Xn-hn-[n-bm-bn´m-Wv. kzm`m-hnI d∫-dn¬ Ct]m-Ivkn-tU-j≥ \SØn ]pXn-bX - cw d∫¿ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂X - v. kzm`m- h nI d∫dpw s]¿t^m¿anIv BknUpw XΩn¬ cmk-{]-h¿Ø\w \S-°ptºm-gp-≠m-Ip∂ d∫-dmWv CF≥-B¿. \nb{¥nX Np‰p-]m-Sn¬ t^m¿anIv Aæhpw ssl{UP≥ s]tdm-IvsskUpw IqSn d∫¿ ]men-en¬ tN¿°p-tºmƒ AhnsS DXv]m-Zn-°-s∏-Sp∂ s]¿t^m¿anI Aæw d∫-dp-ambn tN¿∂v CF≥B¿ cq]-s∏-Sp-∂p. d∫-dnse Ct]m-Ivkn-ssUtk-js‚ tXmX-\p-kc - n®v CF≥-B¿ 25, CF≥B¿ 50 F∂n-ßs\ c≠p-Xcw d∫-dp-Iƒ e`yam-Wv. knen° (silica) tN¿Ø Sb- d p- I ƒ Ct∏mƒ {]Nm-cØ - n-em-hp-Ib - m-Wv. kzm`m-hnI d∫-dn¬ knen° tN¿Øv an{inXw D≠m-°p∂Xv {ia-I-c-amb Hcp tPmen-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ knen-°t- bm-sSm∏w CF≥-B¿ IqSn d∫-dn-te°v tN¿°p∂ ]£w d∫¿ knen°m an{inXw hfsc `wKn-bmbn cq]w sIm≈p-sa∂v d∫¿ Kth-jW tI{µ-Ønse ]T-\ß - ƒ sXfn-bn-®n´p-≠v. Sb¿ \n¿Ωm-W-Øn-\p-X-I-p∂ {]tXy-IXcw CF≥-B¿ d∫¿ Kth-jW tI{µw hnIkn-∏n-s®-Sp-Øn-´p-≠v.

{Km^v‰Uv d∫-dp-Iƒ

fn-embn a‰p t]mfn-ad- p-Iƒ H´n®v tN¿Øp-≠m-°p∂ d∫¿ 3. a‰p hkvXp-°ƒ tN¿°msX d∫¿ X∑m-{X-If - psS D≈n¬Øs∂ hyXn-bm-\-߃ hcp-Øn-bp-≠m-°p∂ d∫¿.

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

t¢mdn-t\-‰Uv \m®p-d¬ d∫¿

8

apIfn¬ H∂m-aXv ]d™ am¿§-Øn-eqsS hnI-kn-∏ns®-SpØ BZy-Ime d∫-dp-I-fn-sem-∂mWv t¢mdn-t\-‰Uv \m®p-d¬ d∫¿. d∫¿ ]men-eqsS As√-¶n¬ d∫¿ emb\n-bn-eqsS t¢mdn≥ hmXIw IS-Øn-hn-´mWv Cu d∫¿ D≠m-°p-∂-Xv. d∫¿ ]memWv D]-tbm-Kn-°p-s∂-sX-¶n¬ Cßs\ e`n-°p∂ d∫-dn¬ GI-tZiw 60 iX-am\w t¢mdn≥ D≠m-bn-cn-°pw. d∫¿ emb\n D]-tbm-Kn-®p-≠m°p∂ d∫-dn¬ 65 iX-am\w t¢mdn≥ D≠m-bn-cn-°p-sa-¶nepw d∫¿ ebn-∏n-°m-\p-]-tbm-Kn® embIw \o°w sNøpI henb _p≤n-ap-´mWv F∂Xv CXn-s‚-sbmcp \yq\-Xb - m-W.v Cfw a™-\n-d-Øn¬ s]mSn cq]-Øn-eq≈ d∫-dmWv t¢mdn-t\-‰Uv \m®p-d¬ d∫¿, cmk-hk - vXp-°f - p-ambn {]Xn{]-h¿Ø\w C√m-ØXpw Xo ]nSn-°m-ØX - p-amb Cu d∫¿ {]tXy-I-Xcw s]bn‚p-I-fp-sSbpw ]qi¬ hkvXp-°-fpsSbpw (coatings) \n¿Ωm-WØ - n\v AXyp-Øa - s - a∂v sXfn™n-´p-≠v. Xpcpºp ]nSn-°m-Xn-cn-°m\pw Xo ]nSn-°m-Xn-cn°m\pw th≠n-bp≈ s]bn‚p-I-fpsSbpw a‰v tIm´nwKv

kzm`m-hnI d∫-dn-t\mSv t]mfn-sÃ-do≥, t]mfn anssX¬ anXm-{In-te‰v F∂nh H´n®p tN¿Øv \n¿Ωn-°p-∂h - b - mWv {Km^v‰Uv d∫-dpIƒ. kzm`m-hn-I- d-∫¿ ˛ t]mfn-ssÃ-do≥ {Km^v‰p-Iƒ \√ I´nbp≈ hkvXp-°f - m-bX - n-\m¬ AXv sNcp∏v \n¿Ωm-WØ - n¬ k¿∆km-[m-c-W-bmbn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p-≠v. hnhn-[-Xcw ]i-I-fpsS \n¿Ωm-WØ - n-\mWv t]mfn-an-ssX¬ anXm-{In-te‰v ˛ d∫¿ {Km^v‰pIƒ s]mXpsh {]tbm-P\ - s - ∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - v.

X∑m-{X-I-fn¬ LS-\m-am‰w hcp-Ønb d∫-dp-Iƒ \qdv IW-°n\v ssÃdo≥ X∑m-{X-Iƒ tN¿∂v cq]w sIm≠n´p≈ \of-ap≈ kwbp‡ X∑m-{X-If - mWv kzm`m-hnI d∫¿. Cu henb X∑m-{X-I-fpsS \ofw cmk-{]-{In-b-bn-eqsS Ipd-s®-SpØv Xmc-Xt- ay\ sNdp-Xm-°n-sb-Sp-°p-tºmƒ In´p∂ d∫-dmWv enIznUv \m®p-d¬ d∫¿. tamƒUp-If - psS \n¿Ωm-WØ - n\pw πmÃn-ssUk¿, ss_≥U¿ F∂n-hb - mbpw CXv {]tbm-P\ - s - ∏-Sp-Ømw. apI-fn¬ hnh-cn® Xc-Øn-ep≈ cq]-am‰w hcp-Øn-sb-SpØ F√m d∫-dp-Ifpw Ir{Xna d∫-dp-If - psS ]I-c° - m-cm-bmWv D]-tbmKn-°p-∂-Xv. TPNR, DPNR, ENR, Carbon black, master batch F∂n-h-bmWv CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ {][m\ d∫-dp-Iƒ. C¥y-bn¬ d∫¿ Kth-jW tI{µ-Ønepw temIsØ hnhn[ ÿe-ßf - nepw Cu taJ-e-bn¬ Kth-j-W-߃ XpS¿∂phcn-I-bm-Wv. sshhn≤y-ap≈ ]pXn-b-Xcw sacNs∏SpØnb d∫-dp-Ifpw Ah-bpsS ]pXnb D]-tbm-Kß - fpw C\nbpw {]Xo-£n-°mw. C¥y≥ d_¿ KthjWtI{µw sU]yq´n UbdŒdmWp teJnI. P\p-hcn 2012


Ih¿tÃmdn

tUm. Fen-k-_Øv sI.-sF, tUm. kn_n h¿§okv

sNdpInScwKsØ

d∫-dp-Xv]-∂-\n¿ΩmWkm≤yX

Po

P\p-hcn 2012

cmPy-ßsf At]-£n®v cmPyØv DXv]mZn- ∏ n- ° p∂ d∫- d ns‚ `qcn- ` m- K hpw DXv ] ∂\n¿Ωm- W - Ø n- \ mbn Chn- s SØs∂ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂p F∂ {]tXyI-Xbpw \ap-°p-≠v. Ign™ kmº-ØnI-h¿jw GI-tZiw 7930 tImSn-bpsS t\´-amWv d∫-dp-X] v ∂ Ib-‰p-aX - n-bn-eqsS cmPy-Øn\p e`n-®X - v. hm´¿ {]q^v XpWn-Ø-c-ß-fpsS \n¿Ωm-W-Øn-eqsS 1920˛¬ I¬°-Øbnse UnIvkn I - º - \ - n-bmWv C¥y-bn¬ d∫-dp-Xv]∂ \n¿ΩmWw Bcw-`n-®Xv. C∂p ssek≥kv e`n-®n-´p≈ 4500 Hmfw d∫-dp-Xv]∂ \n¿ΩmW bqWn-‰p-Iƒ ChnsS {]h¿Øn- ° p- ∂ p. F∂m¬ samØw d∫-dns‚ knwl-`m-Khpw D]tbm-Kn-°p-∂X - ,v hm¿jnI D]-t`mKw 1000 SÆn-e-[n-I-ap≈ 67 bqWn-‰p-I-fm-Wv. cmPysØ d∫-dp-Xv]∂ bqWn-‰p-If - psS FÆ-Øn¬ 90 iX-am-\-tØm-fhpw 100 SÆn¬ Xmsg am{Xw hm¿jnI D]-t`mKw

D≈-hb - m-Wv. sNdp-InS bqWn-‰p-Iƒ°v d∫¿ DXv ] m- Z - \ - Ø n¬ F∂t]mse DXv]∂ \n¿ΩmW taJ-eb - nepw \n¿Æmb-Ia - mbn hf-cp-hm-\p≈ km≤y-Xb - p-≠.v d∫-dp-Xv]∂ \n¿ΩmW bqWn-‰p-IfpsS FÆ-Øn¬ H∂mw ÿm\w tIcf-Øn-\m-Wv. 748 bqWn-‰p-Iƒ. ]n∂mse alm-cmjv{S (522), Xan-g\ v mSv (497), DØ¿ {]tZiv (406), KpP-dmØv (393), ]©m_v (392), lcn-bm\ (362) apX-emb kwÿm\-ßf - p-ap-≠v. DXv]m-Z\ - c - o-Xn-b\ - p-kc - n®v d∫-dp-Xv]∂-ßsf DW° d∫-dn¬ \n∂p≈ DXv]∂-߃ F∂pw d∫¿∏men¬ \n∂p≈ DXv]∂ - ß - ƒ F∂pw c≠mbn Xncn-°mw. C¥y-bn¬ kzm`m-hnI d∫-dns‚ Gdnb ]¶pw DW° d∫- d m- b mWv kwkv°-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. jo‰p d∫¿ (B¿.-F-kv.-F-kv. t{KUvkv), tªm°p d∫¿ (Sn.-F-kv.-B¿ t{KUvkv), t{I∏v d∫¿ F∂o cq]-ßf - n-emWv CXv hn]-Wn-

vyavasayakeralam

hn-XØ - n¬ Zn\w-tXmdpw \mw F{X-sb{X d∫-dp-Xv]∂ - ß - fp-ambn kº¿°-Øn-em-Ip∂p≠v ! G‰hpw efn- X - a mb d∫¿ _m≥Up apX¬ hnhn-[-ß-fmb saUn°¬ DXv]∂ - ß - ƒ, IuXp-Ih - k - X v p-°ƒ, hn{i-an-°m-\p≈ saØ-Iƒ, am‰nw-KpIƒ, hymbm-aØ - n-\p-]I - c - n-°p∂ ]e-Xcw D]m-[n-Iƒ, \m\m-Xcw tIm´nw-Kp-Iƒ, F©n≥ au≠nw-Kp-Iƒ, F©n-\o-bdnwKv hnkvabw F∂-dn-bs - ∏-Sp∂ hnhn[ hep-∏Ø - nepw D]-tbm-KØ - n-ep-ap≈ Sbdp-Iƒ F∂n-ßs\ 40,000 e[nIw DXv]∂-ßf - mWv d∫-dn¬\n∂v DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°s∏-Sp-∂X - v. Pohn-XØ - ns‚ kakvX taJe-If - nepw d∫-dp-Xv]∂ - ß - ƒ hnl-cn-°p∂p-≠v. kzm`m-hnI d∫-dns‚ DXv]m-Z-\Ønepw D]-t`m-K-Ønepw C¥y-bpsS ÿm\w temI-cm-Py-ßf - n¬ ap≥]-¥n-bnemWv. {]apJ d∫-dp-Xv]m-ZI - c - mb CXc

hyh-kmbtIcfw

kzm`mhnId∫dpw d∫¿∏mepw D]tbmKn®v DXv]∂߃ \n¿Ωn°m\p≈ km≤yXIƒ sNdpInStaJebn¬ [mcmfamWv. CØcw DXv∏∂ßsfbpw Ah \n¿Ωn°m\p≈ kmt¶XnIhnZyIsfbpw ]‰n.

9


d∫dpXv]∂ \n¿ΩmW{]{In-b-I-fn¬ t\cn-Sp∂ {]iv\-߃°v kwi-b-\n-hm-c-W-Øn\pw ]cn-lmc \n¿t±-i-߃°pw DXv]-∂-ß-fpsS KpW-\n-e-hm-c\n¿Æ-b-Øn\pw ]pXnb DXv]-∂-߃ cq]-s∏-SpØp-∂-Xn\pw d∫¿ Kth-j-W-tI-{µ(Rubber Research Institute )- Ø n¬ {]h¿Øn- ° p∂ AUv h m≥kv U v sk‚¿ t^m¿ d∫¿ sSIv t \m- f Pn (ACRT)- b nse sSIv\n- ° ¬ I¨kƒ´≥kn hn`m- K - Ø n¬ tkh\w e`y-am-Wv.

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

bn¬ e`y-am-Ip-∂X - v. hnhn-[X - cw _pjpIƒ, KmkvsI-‰p-Iƒ, au≠nw-Kp-Iƒ, jo‰p-Iƒ, tlm´v hm´¿ t_m´n-epIƒ, _q´p-Iƒ, am‰p-Iƒ, sse\nw-Kp-Iƒ, Ub-{^-߃, sNcp-∏p-Iƒ, tdmf-dp-Iƒ, s_¬´p-Iƒ, Syq_p-Iƒ, t{SUv d∫¿, hnhn- [ - X cw Sb- d p- I ƒ F∂n- ß s\ sshhn-[y-am¿∂ hfscb[nIw DXv]∂ - ߃ DW°d∫-dn¬\n∂p \n¿Ωn-°p∂p≠v. Sb-dp-Iƒ°pw A\p-_‘ DXv]-

10

∂-߃°pw th≠n-bmWv cmPyØv kzm`m-hnI d∫-dns‚ 55 iX-am-\-Øn-e[n-Ihpw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂X - v. GI-tZiw 12 iX-am-\-Øn-\-SpØp am{Xta kzm`m-hnI d∫¿ km{µo-Ir-X] - membn (concentrated latex) ChnsS kwkvI-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p-≈q. ]men¬\n∂p≈ DXv]∂ - ß - ƒ ]i (Latex Adhesive), d∫¿ _m≥Up-Iƒ, hnhn-[-Xcw Iøp-d-Iƒ, hnc-ep-d-Iƒ,

_eq-Wp-Iƒ, d∫¿ \qep-Iƒ (Elastic thread), em‰Ivkv t^mw, K¿`\ntcm-[\ Dd-Iƒ, saUn-°¬ ssIbp-dI - ƒ, Syq_pIƒ, IØo- ‰ - d p- I ƒ, Ifn- ∏ m- ´ - ß ƒ, hymbm-aØ - n-\p-]t- bm-Kn-°p∂ _m≥UpIƒ (Exercise bands), tIm´nw-Kp-Iƒ, IuXp-Ih - k - vXp-°ƒ F∂n-ßs\ \nc-h[n-bm-Wv. d∫-dp-Xv]∂ \n¿ΩmW {]{Inbbv°v {][m-\a- mbpw \mep `mK-ßf - m-Wp≈-Xv. H∂m-aX - mbn d∫-dp-Xv]∂ - Ø - n-\\ - pkr- X - a mb d∫¿ an{inXw (rubber compond) Xøm-dm-°W - w. c≠m-aX - mbn DXv]-∂-Øns‚ BIr-Xn-bn-te°v B an{in-XsØ cq]-s∏-SpØn FSp-°Ww (Shaping/Moulding). aq∂m- a - X mbn DXv]- ∂ - Ø n- \ m- h - i y- a mb ZrVX (strength) e`n- ° p- h m- \ mbn Cu cq]sØ NqSm-°m-Ww. CXn\v hƒ°ss\-tk-j≥ (vulcanisation) F∂mWv ]d-bp-∂X - .v \mem-aX - mbn DXv]∂ - Ø - ns‚ KpW-\n-e-hmcw ]cn-tim-[n®v (quality testing) Dd-∏p-h-cp-Ø-Ww.

d∫¿ an{inXw Xøm-dm-°¬ DXv ] ∂ \n¿Ωm- W - Ø ns‚ a¿Ω-`m-K-am-Wp d∫¿ an{inXw Xøm-dm°¬ (Compounding). DXv]-∂-Øn\v e`n-t°≠ KpW-\n-e-hmcw A\p-k-cn®mWv an{in-X-Øns‚ Hmtcm tNcp-h-Ifpw Ah-bpsS Afhpw Xocp-am-\n-°p-∂Xv. khn-tij KpW-߃ e`n-°p-∂X - n\p th≠n ]e-t∏mgpw kzm`m-hnId∫dpw Ir{Xn-ad- ∫ - d- p-Ifpw {]tXyI A\p-]mXØn¬ D]-tbmKnt°≠n hcpw. d∫¿ sIan-°e - p-Iƒ AX-\p-kc - n®v hyXym-ks∏-Sp-tØ-≠Xpw Bh-iy-am-Wv. AXpsIm≠v Cu {]{Inb kmt¶-XnI ]cn⁄m\w t\Sn-bh - c - psS ta¬t\m-´Ø - n¬ \S-Øp-∂X - mWv DØ-aw. DW-°-d-∫-dn¬\n∂p≈ an{inXw Xøm-dm-°p-∂X - v d∫dpw sIan-°e - p-Ifpw A\p-tbm-Py-amb Af-hp-If - n¬ b{¥-ßfn¬ C´v Ac-s®-Sp-Øm-W.v CXn\v {]tXyI-Xcw b{¥-߃ ˛ anIvknwKv an¬, Ct‚-W¬ anIvk¿ apX-em-bh ˛ D]-tbmKn-°p-∂p. ]men¬\n- ∂ p≈ DXv ] - ∂ - ß ƒ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ an{inXw Xøm-dm°p- ∂ Xv IqSp- X ¬ k¶o¿Æ- a m- W v . d∫¿∏m¬ s]s´∂v I´- ] n- S n- ° m≥ km≤y-X-bp-≈-Xn-\m¬ IqSp-X¬ {i≤ Bh-iy-am-Wv. BZyw sIan-°-ep-Iƒ sh≈-hp-ambn tN¿Øv A-c-®v d∫¿ X∑m-{X-I-fp-ambn tNcpw hn[-Øn-ep≈ (particle size) sIan-°¬ an{inXw (dispersion/emulsion/slurry) Xøm-dm-°Ww. ]m¬ I´-]n-Sn-°m-sX-bn-cn-°m-\p≈ sIan-°-ep-Iƒ (stabilizers) sh≈Øn¬ Xøm-dm°n tN¿Øn-f° - n-bt- i-jta sIan- ° ¬ an{inXw ]mep- a mbn P\p-hcn 2012


tN¿Øn-f-°m-hq. As√-¶n¬ an{inXw I´-]n-Sn®v D]-tbm-Ki - q-\y-am-Ipw.

BIrXn cq]-s∏-Sp-ج DXv]-∂-Øns‚ BIr-Xn-bn-te°v d∫¿ an{in-XsØ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - n\v (Shaping/Moulding) Ah-ew-_n-°p∂ am¿§- ß ƒ {][m- \- ambpw Un∏nw- K v , kvs{]bnw-Kv, ImÃnw-Kv, FIvkv{Sq-j≥, Ie-≠-dnw-Kv, jo‰nw-Kv, tamƒUnwKv XpSßn-bh - b - mWv

hƒ°-ss\-tk-j≥

GsXm-cp-Xv]∂ - hpw hn]-W\ - Ø - n\v Ab-bv°p-∂-Xn\v apºv AXns‚ KpW\n-eh - mcw Dd-∏p-hc - p-tØ-≠Xv AXym-hiy-am-Wv. d∫¿ DXv]∂ - ß - f - psS KpW-\ne-hmc \n¿Æ-bØ - n\v AwKo-IrX am\-ZWvUß - ƒ, C∂v Hmtcm cmPyØpw \nehn-ep-≠.v d∫-dp-X] v ∂ - ß - ƒ as‰mcp cmPytØ°v Ib‰n Ab-b° v p-tºmƒ AXXp cmPy-߃ \njvI¿jn-°p∂ KpW-\n-e-

hmcw DXv]∂w ]pe¿Øp-∂p≠v F∂ km£y-]{Xw AwKo-IrX GP≥kn-Iƒ hgn ka¿∏n-t°-≠X - p-≠v. DXv]-∂-Øns‚ D]-tbm-K-ta-Je (area of application) A\p-k-cn-®mWv KpW-\n-e-hmc \n¿Æb am\-ZWvUw/ sSÃp-Iƒ \n¿Æ-bn-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - v. efn-Xamb DXv]-∂-ß-fmb _eq¨, d∫¿ _m≥Uv apX-em-bh - bv°v D]-t`m-‡mhv B{K-ln-°p∂ \ndw, _ew, I\w, hen-

d_¿∏men¬\n∂p≈ DXv]-∂-߃ ]i (Latex Adhesive), d∫¿ _m≥Up-Iƒ, hnhn-[-Xcw Iøp-d-Iƒ, hnc-ep-d-Iƒ, _eq-Wp-Iƒ, d∫¿ \qep-Iƒ (Elastic thread), em‰Ivkv t^mw, K¿`\ntcm-[\ Dd-Iƒ, saUn-°¬ ssIbp-d-Iƒ, Syq_p-Iƒ, IØo-‰-dp-Iƒ, Ifn-∏m-´-߃, hymbm-a-Øn-\p-]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ _m≥Up-Iƒ (Exercise bands), tIm´nw-Kp-Iƒ, IuXp-I-h-kvXp-°ƒ F∂n-ßs\ \nc-h-[n-bm-Wv. P\p-hcn 2012

hv, ImgvN-bn-ep≈ `wKn XpS-ßn-b-hbmWv {][m-\-s∏-´-Xv. F∂m¬ Hcp saUn- ° ¬ Iøp- d , As√- ¶ n¬ Hcp hml-\-Øns‚ Sb¿ apX-em-b-h-bpsS KpWn-\n-e-hmc\n¿Æbw hyXy-kvX-amWv. hfsc IrXy-amb Af-hp-Iƒ (dimensions),- _ew (strength), henhv XpSßn Hmtcm KpW-ßfpw IrXy-amb ]cn-[n-Iƒ°p-≈n¬ (specifications) \n¿∆- N n- ° - s ∏- ´ n- c n- ° p∂p. AXpt]mseXs∂ IqSp-X¬ Ime-tØ°v kq£n-°s - ∏-tS≠ DXv]∂ - ß - ƒ (storage life) A]- N b ]co- £ - W ߃(degradation tests)°pw hnt[-ba - m°-s∏-SW - w. d∫¿ DXv]∂ taJ-en¬ sNdp-InS bqWn-‰p-I-fp-sS hf¿® cmPy-Øns‚ ]ptcm-KX - n°v AXym-hi - y-am-Wv. Iq´mb {]h¿Ø-\ß - f - n-eqsS CXv km≤y-am-°mhp-∂X - m-W.v DXv]∂ \n¿Ωm-WØ - n-eqsS d∫-dn\v A[nI aqey-h¿≤\ hcpØn IqSp-X¬ kmº-ØnIt\´w ssIh-cn-°pIbpw sNømw. tUm. Fen-k-_Øv sI.-F. C¥y≥ d_¿ KthjWtI{µØnse ko\n-b¿ kb‚nÃpw tUm. kn_n h¿§okv sU]yq´n Ub-d-IvS(-sS-Iv\n-°¬ Iƒkƒ´≥kn)-dp-amWv.

vyavasayakeralam

Kp-W-\n-e-hm-c-\n¿Æbw

hƒ°-ss\kvUv d∫¿

hyh-kmbtIcfw

DXv]-∂-Øns‚ KpW-\n-e-hm-cw, hep-∏w, I\w XpSßn-bh - b - v°\ - p-kr-Xamb am¿§-amWv hƒ°-ss\-tk-j\v sXcs™-Sp-°p-∂-Xv. _pjp-Iƒ, am‰p-Iƒ, sNcp-∏p-Iƒ, koep-Iƒ, Sb-dp-Iƒ apXe-bmh A®p-(Moulds)I-fn¬ Db¿∂ a¿±-Ønepw NqSnepw hƒ°-ss\kv sNøp-∂p. d∫¿_m≥Up-Iƒ, hymh-kmbnI Bh-iy-Øn-\p≈ I-øp-dI - ƒ, hncep-d-Iƒ, km[m-cW d∫¿ \qep-Iƒ, Syq_p-Iƒ F∂nh sh≈-Øn¬ Xnf∏n®v hƒ°-ss\kv sNøp-∂p. d∫¿ t^mw saØ- I ƒ \ocm- h n- b n- e mWv hƒ°-ss\kv sNøp-∂-Xv. Db¿∂ KpW-\n-eh - mcw Bh-iy-ap≈ saUn-°¬ Iø-dp-Iƒ, Syq_p-Iƒ, _m≥Up-Iƒ, lo‰v sdkn- v s{XUp-Iƒ apX-eb - mh tlm´v tNº-dp-If - n-emWv hƒ°-ss\kv sNøp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ tImƒUv hƒ°ss\-tk-j≥ am¿§w Ah-ew-_n-°p∂ DXv]∂ - ß - ƒ A¥-co-£N - q-Sn¬ DW-°nsb-Sp-Øm¬ aXn-bm-Ipw.

11


tUm: tP°_v sI. h¿°n ∫- d - [ n- j v T nX DXv ] - ∂ - ß ƒ \ΩpsS ssZ\w- Z n\ Pohn- X Øn¬ ]e-t∏mgpw \n¿Æm-bI - amb ]¶p hln-°p-∂p. Ch-bpsS \n¿ΩmW-Øn\v D]-tbm-Kn-°m-hp∂ hnhn-[bn\w d∫-dp-Iƒ \ne-hn-ep-s≠-¶nepw BZy-ambn Is≠-Øn- D]-tbm-Kn®p XpSßn-b-Xv {]Ir-Xn-Z-Ø-d-∫-dmWv. {][m-\ambpw "lnhnb {_ko-en-b≥knkv' F∂ ac-Øn¬\n∂v DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏Sp∂ CXv cmkn-Ia - mbn "sFtkm-{]o≥' F∂ cmk-h-kvXp-hns‚ t]mfn-a-dm-Wv. Xmbvem≥Uv, ate-jy, C¥y, Ct¥m-t\jy, hnb-‰v\mw, {ioe-¶, ssN\, Kzm´name, {_ko¬, Ima-dq¨, ss\Po-cn-b, sse_o-cn-b, Iwt_m-Unb XpS-ßn-bh - bmWv temIsØ {][m\ {]Ir- X nZØd∫¿ D-X] v mZn∏n°p∂ cm-Py-߃. {]Xn-Iq-e- Imem-hÿ - b - nepw {]IrXn-ZØ - d- ∫ - ¿ DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°m≥ Ignbp∂ "djy≥ Um≥Un-en-tbm¨' (Russian dandelion), sshbqfn (Guayule) XpSßnb sNSn-I-fn¬\n∂p hym]-I-ambn d∫¿ DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°m-\p≈ {ia-߃ ASpØ Ime-Ømbn \S-°p-∂p-≠.v e`yamb IW-°p-Iƒ A\p-kc - n®v temIØv GI-tZiw HcptImSn S¨ {]Ir-Xn-ZØ - d- ∫-dmWv {]Xn-h¿jw DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°s - ∏-Sp∂-Xv.

Ih¿tÃmdn

d

Ir{Xn-a-d-∫-dp-Iƒ

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

20- ˛ mw \q‰m- ≠ ns‚ BZy- h ¿j߃hsc Ir{Xn-a-d-∫-dp-Iƒ \ne-hn-ep≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. {]Ir-Xn-Z-Ø-d-∫-dns‚ e`y-X-°p-dhpw AXns‚ Nne \yq\-XIfpamWv Ir{Xn-ad- ∫ - d- p-If - psS I≠p-]nSn-ØØ - n\p Imc-Wa - mbXv. H∂pw c≠pw temI-al - m-bp-≤ß - ƒ, hymh-km-bn-Ih - nπ-hw, hml-\c - w-KØ - p-≠mb hf¿® XpSßn-bh Ir{Xn-ad- ∫ - d- p-If - psS I≠p-]n-SnØØn\v B°wIq´n. X{¥-]c - a- mb ImcW-ß-fm¬ bp≤-Im-eØv bqtdm-∏nepw a‰p ]Sn-™m-d≥cmPy-ßf - nepw {]Ir-XnZØd∫-dns‚ e`yX hfsc Ipd-hm-bn-cp-

12

Ir{Xnad∫¿sIm≠p≈ DXv∏∂߃ \mw ImWp∂ Ht´sd d∫dpev∏∂߃ {Ir{Xnad∫¿sIm≠v D≠m°p∂XmWv. ]ebn\w Ir{Xnad∫dpIfp≠v. ChbpsS DXv∏mZ\coXnIsfbpw Hmtcm∂ns‚bpw D]tbmKßsfbpw ]‰n. P\p-hcn 2012


D]-t`m-Kt- a-Je - I - sf ASn-ÿm-\a - m°n Ir{Xn-ad- ∫ - d- pIsf s]mXp D]-tbm-Kß - ƒ°p-≈h - s - b∂pw khn-ti-tjm]-tbm-K-߃°p-≈-h-sb∂pw c≠mbn Xncn-°mw. Chbn¬ BZy-bn\w Ir{Xn-a-d-∫-dp-I-fmWv IqSp-X-embpw \n¿Ωn-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - v. Sb-dp-Iƒ, sNcp-∏p-Iƒ, s{SUvd∫ - ¿, km[m-cW I¨th-b¿ s_¬‰p-Iƒ XpS-ßn-b- km[m-cW DXv]-∂-ß-fpsS \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\v {]Ir-Xn-Z-Ø-d-∫tdm s]mXp D]-tbm-KØ - n-\p≈ Ir{Xn-ad- ∫ - tdm D]-tbm-Kn-°mw. F∂m¬ Hmbn¬ koep-Iƒ, {]n‚nMv tdmf-dp-Iƒ, Xo]nSn-°m≥ km≤y-X-bp≈ tI_n-fp-Iƒ XpS-ßn-b-h-bpsSbpw NqSv, XWp-∏v, ag, cmk-hk - vXp-°ƒ, emb-Iß - ƒ XpS-ßn-b-hsb {]Xn-tcm-[n-t°≠ DXv]-∂-ß-fpsSbpw \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\v {]tXy-I-Xcw Ir{Xn-a-d-∫-dp-I-fmWv D]tbm-Kn-°p-∂X - v. temIØv {]Xn-h¿jw GI-tZiw 1.40 tImSn S¨ Ir{Xn-a-d-∫¿ DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v. CXn¬ `qcn-`mKhpw s]mXp D]-tbm-KØ - n-\p-≈h - b - m-W.v ssÃdn≥_yq´mUn≥ (F-kv.-_n.-B¿.), t]mfn_yq´m-Un≥ (_n.-B¿.) F∂n-hb - mWv s]mXp D]-tbm-KØ - n-\p≈ {][m\ Ir{Xna-d∫ - d- p-Iƒ. Fkv._ - n.-B¿. Im¿ S-bd- p-If - p-sSbpw _yq´mUn≥ d∫¿, _kv, {S°v Sb-dp-I-fp-sSbpw \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\mWv {][m-\a - mbpw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂X - v. temIØv {]Xnh¿jw GI-tZiw 57 e£w S¨ Fkv.-_n.-B¿.˛Dw 30 e£w S¨ _yq´m-Un≥ d∫dpw DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂ps≠∂v IW-°p-Iƒ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p. Ir{Xna t]mfn sFtkm-{]o≥ d∫¿ (7 e£w S¨), FØn-en≥ s{]m∏n-en≥ d∫¿ (12 e£w S¨), _yqss´¬ d∫¿ (10 e£w S¨) F∂n-hb - mWv KWy-amb Af-hn¬ DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp∂ a‰p {][m\ Ir{Xna d∫-dp-Iƒ. taev]-d-™-hbv°p ]pdsa ss\ss{S¬ d∫¿(NBR), sslt{Um-Pn-t\‰p sNbvX ss\ss{S¬ d∫¿ (HNBR), t]mfn-bq-dt- Ø≥ d∫¿ (PU), t¢mtdmkƒs^m-tW-‰Uv t]mfn-FØ - n-en≥ (CSM), t]mfnt¢mtdm-{]o≥ d∫¿ (CR), ssÃdn≥ hnss\¬ ]ncn-Un≥_yq´m-Un≥ (PSBR), t¢mdnt\-‰Uv/t{_man-t\-‰Uv _yqss´¬ d∫¿ (Cl IIR, Br IIR), FXn-en≥ hnss\¬ Ak-t‰‰v d∫¿ (EVA), FXn-en≥ HmIvsskUv A[n-jvTnX d∫-dp-Iƒ (CO, ECO, GPO), Im¿t_m-Ivko-Ic - Ww \S-Ønb d∫-dp-Iƒ (XSBR, XBR, XNBR, XCR), ^vfqtdmd∫-dp-Iƒ (FKM) XpS-ßnb Ir{Xn-ad-∫d- p-Ifpw Ct∏mƒ hymh-km-bn-Ia - mbn \n¿Ωn-°s - ∏-Sp∂p-≠v. {][m-\s - ∏´ Ir{Xn-ad- ∫ - d- p-Ifpw Ah-bpsS {]tXy-IX-Ifpw D]-tbm-Khpw Fs¥m-s°-sb∂v t\m°mw.

ssÃdo≥ _yq´mUn≥ d∫¿ ssÃdn≥, _yq´ssU≥ F∂o s]t{Sm-fnbw DXv]∂-ß-fpsS t]mfn-a-ssd-tk-j≥ hgn-bmWv ssÃdo≥ _yq´mUn≥ d∫¿ (Fkv._ - n.-B¿.) \n¿Ωn-°p-∂X - v. Ch GI-tZiw 75:25 F∂ A\p-]m-XØ - n¬ tN¿Øv t]mfn-assdkv sNbvXv DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°p∂ d∫¿, Sb-dp-If - p-sSbpw P\p-hcn 2012

bpsS \n¿Ωm-WØ - n\pw Cu d∫¿ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. t]∏-dp-If - n¬ Bh-c-W-ambpw Im¿s∏‰v _m°n-ßns‚ \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\pw CXv D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. C¥y-bn¬ A]vtIm-sSIvkv (Apcotex) F∂ Iº\n Fkv._n.-B¿. DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v. _lp-cmjv{S Iº-\n-If - mb tUmhv sIan-°¬ (Dow Chemical), KpUv Cb¿ (Goodyear), P∏m≥ kns¥-‰nIv d∫¿I-º\n (JSR), Iptam (Kumho), F¬.-Pn. sIan°¬ (LG Chemical), s]t{Sm ssN\ (Petro China), kpan-tSmtam (Sumitomo) F∂nh temIsØ {]apJ Fkv._ - n.-B¿. \n¿Ωm-Xm°-fm-Wv.

_yq´m-Un≥ d∫¿ (_n.-B¿.) _yq´m-Un≥ F∂ cmk-h-kvXp-hns‚ "skmeq-j≥ t]mfn-assd-tk-j\ - n'-eq-sS-bmWv {][m-\a - mbpw Cu d∫¿ DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°s - ∏Sp-∂X - .v Db¿∂ tXbvam\ {]Xn-tcm-[t- i-jnbpw hg-°hpw (^vfIvkv {]Xn-tcm-[w) {]I-S-am-°p∂ Cu d∫¿ _kv, {S°v Sb-dp-I-fpsS \n¿Ωm-WØ - n-\mWv {][m-\a - mbpw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂X - .v Db¿∂ CemkvXn-IXbp-≈-Xn-\m¬ tKmƒ^v ]¥p-I-fpsS \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\v Cubn\w d∫¿ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. Sb¿\n¿Ωm-WØ - n¬ {]Ir-XnZØd∫¿, Fkv._ - n.-B¿. F∂n-hb - p-ambn kwtbm-Pn-∏n®mWv CXv

vyavasayakeralam

XcwXncn-°¬

AXnepw IqSnb Af-hn¬ ssÃdn≥ tN¿Øp-≠m-°p∂ Fkv._n.-B¿. (high styrene-SBR) sNcp-∏p-I-fp-sSbpw \n¿Ωm-W-Øn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. "tImƒUv Fa¬j≥ t]mfn-a-ssd-tk-j≥', "skmeq-j≥ t]mfn-as - sd-tk-j≥' F∂o c≠p am¿§-ßf - n-eqsSbmWv Fkv._ - n.B¿. DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂X - .v temIØv BsI \n¿Ωn-°s - ∏-Sp∂ Fkv._n.-B¿.-˛s‚ GI-tZiw 90 iX-am-\hpw "tImƒUv Fa¬j≥ t]mfn-as - sd-tk-j\ - n-'eq-sS-bmWv DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - .v C{]-Imcw \n¿Ωn-°p∂ Fkv.-_n.-B¿. km[m-c-W-S-b-dp-I-fpsS \n¿Ωm-WØn\v D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. "skmeq-j≥ t]mfn-as - sd-tk-j≥' hgn DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°s - ∏-Sp∂ Fkv.-_n.-B¿. {][m-\-ambpw ]cn-ÿnXn kulr-Z-]-c-am-bXpw Db¿∂ kmt¶-Xn-It- a-∑b - p-≈X - p-amb Sb-dp-If - psS \n¿Ωm-WØ - n\mWv D]-tbm-Kn-°∂ - X - v. Fkv._ - n.-B¿.-˛\v {]Ir-Xn-ZØ - d- ∫ - d- ns\ At]-£n®v tXbvam-\-sØbpw Db¿∂ Dujvam-hn-s\bpw {]Xntcm-[n-°m-\p≈ Ign-hp-≠v. DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°p∂ Fkv._ - n.-B¿.-˛s‚ GI-tZiw 75 iX-am-\hpw Sb¿\n¿Ωm-WØ - n-\mWv D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂-Xv. jq tkmfp-Iƒ, _¬‰p-Iƒ, tlmkp-Iƒ, hml-\-ß-fpsS t{_°v/s¢®v ]mUp-Iƒ, KmkvI‰- p-Iƒ, NyqbnMvKw XpS-ßn-bh - -

hyh-kmbtIcfw

∂p. CXv Ir{Xn-ad- ∫ - d- p-Isf∏‰n-bp≈ Kth-jW - Ø - n\pw Ah-bpsS hymh-km-bn-tIm-X] v m-Z\ - Ø - n\pw {][m\ tlXphmbn. 1962-˛¬ temIØv {]Ir-Xn-ZØ - d- ∫ - d- n-s‚bpw Ir{Xn-ad-∫d- n-s‚bpw DXv]m-Z\w GXm≠v Xpey-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]n∂oSv Ir{Xn-ad- ∫ - d- ns‚ DXv]m-Z\w {]Ir-Xn-ZØ - d- ∫ - d- n-t‚-Xn-t\°mƒ IqSn. Ir{Xnad∫-dp-Iƒ {][m-\a - mbpw s]t{Sm-fnbw DXv]∂-ß-fn¬\n-∂mWv \n¿Ωn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Ch-bpsS hymh-km-bnI DXv]m-Z\w h≥ hyh-km-bi - m-eI - f - n-emWv \S-Øp-∂X - v.

13


D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂X - v. _n.- B ¿. tN¿Øv ssÃdn≥, ssÃdn≥-˛-A-{Intem ss\s-s{S¬ F∂o πmÃn°p-If - psS BLmX{]Xn-tcm[-tijn (impact strength) h¿≤n-∏n®v "ssl Cw]mIv‰v t]mfn- s sÃ- d n≥' (HIPS), A{In-tem s - s\-ss{S¬ _yq´mUn≥ ssÃdn≥ (ABS) F∂obn\w πmÃn-°p-Iƒ \n¿Ωn°p- ∂ p. C¥y- b n¬ dneb≥kv C≥U-kv{Sokv {]Xnh¿jw GI- t Ziw Hcp e£w S¨ _n.-B¿. DXv]mZn-∏n-°p-∂p. _lp-cmjv{S Iº-\n-I-fmb emwKvskkv (Lanxcess), ^b¿tÃm¨ t]mfn-tagvkv (Firestone Polymers), KpUv- C - b ¿ (Goodyear), sP.-F-kv.-B¿. (JSR), F¬.-Pn. sIan-°¬ (LG Chemical), \nt∏m¨ kntbm¨ (Nippon Zeon), s]t{Sm- ssN\ (Petro China) XpS-ßn-bh - bpw {][m\ _n.B¿. \n¿Ωm-Xm-°f - m-Wv.

hnhn-[b - n\w Ir{Xn-ad - ∫ - d - p-Ifpw Ah hnI-kn-∏n-s®-SpØ Imehpw Ir{Xna d∫-dn\w aossX¬ d∫¿ Fa¬j≥ t]mfn_yq´mUn≥ (EBR) Fa¬j≥ ssÃdn≥_yq´mUn≥ (E-SBR-hot) A{In-tem-ss\-ss{S¬ t]mfn_yq´mUn≥ d∫¿(NBR) t]mfn-t¢m-tdm-{]o≥ d∫¿ (CR) t]mfnkƒss^Uv d∫¿ (TR) _yqss´¬ d∫¿ (IIR) knen-°¨ d∫¿ (QR) t]mfn sFtkm-{]o≥ d∫¿ (IR) t]mfn_yq´mUn≥ d∫¿ (BR) Fa¬j≥ ssÃdn≥_yq´mUn≥ d∫¿ (E-SBR-cold) t]mfn-bq-d-tØ≥ d∫¿ FXn-en≥ s{]m∏n-en≥ d∫¿ (EPM/EPDM) skmeq-j≥ (SBR) t¢mtdm kƒt^m-tW-‰Uv t]mfn-F-Xn-en≥ (CSM)

_yqss´¬ d∫¿ (sF.-sF.-B¿.) sFtkm-_yq-´n-en≥, sFtkm-{]o≥ F∂nh 98:2 F∂ A\p-]m-X-Øn¬ tN¿Øv t]mfn- a- ssdkv sNbv XmWv Cubn\w d∫¿ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂-Xv. hmbphns\ {]Xn-tcm-[n-°p∂ (air impermeability) Xn\p≈ Cu d∫- d ns‚ Ignhv Sb¿Syq_v \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\v CXns\ G‰hpw tbmPn- ® - X m- ° p- ∂ p. Kymkv amkvIp-Iƒ, hnhn-[-bn\w ]¥p-I-fpsS ªmU-dp-Iƒ, dq^v koe‚p-Iƒ, Nnebn\w ]i-Iƒ, NyqbnMvKw XpS-ßn-bh - bpsS \n¿Ωm-W-Ønepw Cu d∫¿ D]tbm-Kn-°p∂p. emwKvskkv (Lanxess), FIvtkm¨ samss_¬ (Exxon Mobile), P∏m≥ _yqss´¬ (Japan Butyl) XpSßnb Iº-\n-Iƒ _yqss´¬, t¢mtdm _yqss´¬, t{_mtam _yqss´¬ d∫dpIƒ DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂p.

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

FXn-en≥, s{]m∏n-en≥ d∫¿

14

FXn- e n≥, s{]m∏n- e n≥ F∂o s]t{Sm-fnbw DXv]∂ - ß - ƒ am{X-amtbm Ch-tbm-sSm∏w kƒ^¿ hƒ°-ss\-tkj≥ km≤y-am-°p∂ Nne cmk-L-S-I߃ IqSn sNdnb Af-hn¬ tN¿tØm t]mfn-a-ssdkv sNbvXmWv FXn-en≥, s{]m∏n-en≥ (C.-]n.-Fw./C.-]n.-Un.-Fw.) d∫¿ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂-Xv. Ch-bn¬ BZyw ]d™ coXn-bn¬ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂h - sb C.]n.-Fw. (EPM) d∫-sd∂pw c≠m-asØ coXn-bn¬ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂-hsb C.-]n.-Un.Fw. (EPDM) d∫-sd-∂pw hnfn-°p-∂p. Cu d∫-dn¬ GI-tZiw 45-˛75 iX-

ss\ss{S¬ d∫¿ (F≥-_nB¿) A{In- t em ss\ss{S¬,

hnI-kn-∏n-s®-SpØ _yq´m-Un≥ F∂o cmk-h-kvXp°-fpsS Fa¬j≥ t]mfn-a-ssdImew 1910-˛1920

1920-˛1938

1939-˛1945

1950˛-Iƒ

1960-˛-Iƒ

am\w FXn-en≥ Bbn-cn-°pw. NqSns\bpw Hmtkm¨ XpS-ßnb hmX-Iß - sfbpw AXn-Po-hn-°m≥ Cu d∫-dn-\p Ign-hp≠v. A°m-c-W-Øm¬ Xpd∂ A¥- c o- £ - Ø n- e p≈ D]- t bm- K ߃°p≈ DXv]∂ - ß - f - psS \n¿Ωm-WØn\v Cu d∫¿ tbmPn-®-Xm-Wv. tdUntb- ‰ ¿ tlmkp- I ƒ, Ce- I v { Sn- ° ¬ C≥kp-te-j\ - p-Iƒ, tI_nƒ tPmbn‚pIƒ, dq^nMv sawt{_-\p-Iƒ, •mkv P\ep-I-fpsS _oUn-ßp-Iƒ XpS-ßn-b-hbpsS \n¿Ωm-WØ - n\v Cu d∫¿ D]-tbmKn-°p-∂p. Uypt]m¨Uv, FIvtkm¨ sIan-°¬, bp\n-tdm-b¬ (Dupont, Exxon chemical, Uniroyal) F∂o _lpcmjv { SIº- \ n- I ƒ Cubn\w d∫¿ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂p.

t]mfn-t¢m-tdm-{]o≥ d∫¿ (kn.-B¿.) t¢mtdm-{]o≥ F∂ cmk-h-kvXphns‚ t]mfn-a-ssd-tk-j-\n-eq-sS-bmWv t]mfn-t¢m-tdm-{]o≥ d∫¿ (kn.-B¿.) \n¿Ωn-°p-∂X - v. Db¿∂ cmk-\n-jv{In-bXzw, sshZypX {]Xn-tcm-[t- ijn XpS-ßnbh CXns‚ {]tXy- I - X - I - f m- W v . KmkvsI-‰p-Iƒ, tlmkp-Iƒ, ]i-Iƒ, ssIbp- d - I ƒ, apJm- h - c - W - ß ƒ, ssUhnMv kyq´p-Iƒ, sshZypXn tI_nfp-Iƒ XpS-ßn-b-h-bpsS \n¿Ωm-WØn¬ Cu d∫¿ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. Uypt]m¨Uv, (A-ta-cn-°), s_b¿ (P¿a-\n) F∂o Iº-\n-If - mWv Cubn\w d∫-dns‚ {][m\ DXv]m-ZI - ¿.

tk-j-\n-eqsS ss\ss{S¬ d∫¿ (F≥.-_n.-B¿.) \n¿Ωn-°p-∂p. hyXykv X t{KUp- I - f n- e p≈ F≥.-_n.-B¿.˛¬ GI-tZiw 28 apX¬ 40 hsc iX-am\w A{Intem s - s\-ss{S¬ AS-ßn-bn-´p-≠v. CXns‚ A\p-]mXw IqSp-t¥mdpw sslt{Um-Im¿_¨ Hmbn-ep-Isf {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m-\p≈ Cu d∫dns‚ Ignhv IqSp-∂p. ss\ss{S¬ d∫- d p- I ƒ ssl{U-P≥ tN¿Øv ]qcn-Xa- m-°ptºmƒ e`n-°p∂ sslt{Um-Pn-t\‰Uv ss\ss{S¬ d∫¿ (HNBR) ta¬]-d™ KpW-߃°p-]p-dsa NqSn-s\bpw Hmtkm¨ hmX-IsØbpw {]Xn- t cm- [ n- ° p- ∂ p. thyma-K-Xm-KXtaJ-e-bn¬ D]tbm-Kn-°p∂ C‘-\-ß-sfbpw FÆ-I-sfbpw {]Xn-tcm-[n-°p∂ tlmkp- I ƒ, koep- I ƒ XpSßnbh \n¿Ωn-°m≥ Cu d∫¿ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. hml-\ß - f - n¬ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ s_¬‰p-Iƒ, tlmkpIƒ, KmkvI‰- p-Iƒ, Hmbn¬ koep-Iƒ, {]n‚nMv tdmf-dp-Iƒ, tI_nƒ Pm°-‰pIƒ, •ukp-Iƒ, ]i-Iƒ XpS-ßn-b-hbpsS \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\pw Cu d∫¿ D]tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. C¥y-bn¬ A]m¿ F-entbm-sIw (Apar Eliokem) F∂ Iº\n ss\ss{S¬ d∫¿ DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v. t_b¿ (em≥sk-k)v , kntbm¨, t]mfnkm¿, bp\n-tdm-b¬ F∂o Iº-\n-IfmWv Cu d∫-dns‚ {][m\ A¥mcmjv{S \n¿Ωm-Xm-°ƒ.

knen-°¨ d∫¿ knen-°¨, Im¿_¨, ssl{UP≥, HmIvkn-P≥ F∂nh tN¿∂p-≠m°p-∂-XmWv knen-°¨ d∫¿ (F-kv.sF./hn.-Fw.-Iyp.). km[m-cW d∫-dn¬ "Im¿_¨-˛-Im¿_¨' cmk-_-‘\ (chemical bond)amWv D≈-sX-¶n¬ knen°¨ d∫-dn¬ "knen-°¨-˛-Hm-IvknP≥˛kn-en-°¨' cmk-_‘ - \ - ß - f - m-Wp≈-Xv. cmk-\n-jv{In-b-Xzhpw NqSns\ {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m-\p≈ Ignhpw Cu d∫dns‚ {]tXy-IX - I - f - m-Wv. hml-\ß - f - n¬ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ d∫dp-X] v ∂ - ß - ƒ, sshZy-im-ktv {Xm-]I - c - W - ߃, Ir{Xna Ah-b-h-߃, koe‚pIƒ, Ce-Iv{Sn-°¬ C≥kp-te-j\ - p-Iƒ XpS- ß n- b - h - b psS \n¿Ωm- W - Ø n\v Cubn\w d∫¿ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. knen°¨ d∫-dn\v a‰p d∫-dp-Isf At]£n®v Hmtkm-Wn-s\bpw Aƒ{Sm-hb - e - ‰v civan-Is - fbpw {]Xn-tcm-[n-°p-∂X - n-\p≈ P\p-hcn 2012


t]mfn-t¢m-tdm-{]o≥ d∫¿

Ign-hp-≈X - n-\m¬ hfsc {]Xn-Iq-ea - mb kml-N-cy-ß-fn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-°m-\p≈ DXv]-∂-ß-fpsS \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\v Cu d∫¿ D]-tbm-Kn-°mw. tUmhv tIm¿WnMv, tdm¨ ]use¶v F∂o Iº-\n-Iƒ {]apJ knen-°¨ d-∫¿ \n¿Ωm-Xm-°fm-Wv.

KWy-ambn h¿≤n-®n-cn-°p-Ib - m-W.v km[mcW "t{Imkv ssπ' Sb-dp-It- f-°mƒ KpWta-∑bpw Bbp¿ssZ¿Lyhpw IqSp-Xe - p≈ tdUn-b¬ Sb-dp-I-fnse {]Ir-XnZØd∫-dns‚ D]-t`mKm\p-]mXw Xmc-Xtay\ IqSp- X emWv . CXv Sb¿ \n¿ΩmWta-Je - b - n¬ {]Ir-Xn-ZØ - d- ∫ - dns‚ Bh-iy-IX h¿≤n-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. Imem-hÿ - m-hy-Xn-bm-\w, Irjn°p tbmPn® `qan-bpsS e`y-X° - p-dh - ,v Im¿jnI-ta-Je - b - nse Db¿∂ thX-\\ - n-c° - v, Sm∏nMvsXmgn-em-fn-If - psS A`mhw XpS-ßnb-hs - b√mw {]Ir-Xn-ZØ - d- ∫ - d- ns‚ DXv]mZ-\sØ _m[n-°p-∂p. Db¿∂ D]-t`m-K\n-c°pw Ipd™ e`y-Xbpw {]Ir-Xn-ZØ - d-∫d- ns‚ hneh¿≤-\bv°p Imc-Wa- m-bn. C°m-cW - ß - fm¬ {]Ir-Xn-ZØ - d- ∫ - d- ns‚ D]-t`mKw Hc-f-hp-hsc Ipd®v ]Icw Ir{Xn- a - d - ∫ ¿ D]- t bm- K n- ° m- \ p≈ km≤yX X≈n-°f - b - m-\m-In-√. {]Ir-Xn-ZØ - d- ∫ - d- n\p ]I-ca - mbn D]tbm-Kn-°m-hp∂ Ir{Xn-ad- ∫ - d- p-Iƒ Fkv._n.- B ¿.˛Dw _n.- B ¿.- ˛ Dw BWv . F∂m¬ Ir{Xn-ad- ∫ - d- p-If - psS hne {][m\-ambpw s]t{Sm-fnbw hnesb B{ibn-

®n- c n- ° p- ∂ psh∂Xpw Ch- b psS \n¿ΩmWw s]t{Sm-fn-bØ - ns‚ h¿≤n® D]-t`m-KØ - n\pw X¬^-ea - mbn ]mcn-ÿnXn- I - { ]- i v \ - ß ƒ°pw hgnsXfn°psa∂Xpw Hm¿t°-≠X - p-≠.v \ne-hn¬, C¥y-bn¬ {]Xn-h¿jw GI-tZiw 9 e£w S¨ {]Ir-Xn-ZØ - d- ∫dpw Hcpe£w S¨ Ir{Xn-a-d-∫dpw DXv]m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v. F∂m¬, Ir{Xnad∫-dns‚ hm¿jn-tIm-]-t`mKw GI-tZiw aq∂-c-e£w S¨ Bb-Xn\m¬ Ir{Xn-ad- ∫ - d- p-Iƒ Cd-°p-aXn sNtø≠n-hc- p-∂p. 2015 BIp-tºm-tg°v cmPyØv A©pe£w S¨ Ir{Xn-ad- ∫ - ¿ DXv]m-Zn∏n-°m-\p≈ ]≤-Xn-IfmWv Bkq-{XWw sNbvXp hcp-∂Xv. cmPysØ d∫¿hy-hk - m-bc - w-KØv Ir{Xnad∫-dns‚ D]-t`mKw h¿≤n-®p-hcp∂ {]h- W - X - b mWv ImWp- ∂ - X v . ap≥h¿j-ßf - n¬ C¥y-bn¬ {]Ir-Xn-ZØ-d∫ - d- n-s‚bpw Ir{Xn-ad- ∫ - d- n-s‚bpw D]t`m-KØ - ns‚ A\p-]mXw 75:25 Bbn-cp∂Xv Ct∏mƒ 65:35 Bbn-cn-°p-∂p. Sb¿t]m-se-bp≈ DXv]∂ - ß - f - n¬ {]IrXn-ZØd∫-dn\p ]I-ca - mbn ]q¿Æ-ambpw Ir{Xnad∫¿ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv kmt¶XnI Imc-Wß - f - m¬ km≤y-a√ - . {]Ir-XnZØd∫-dns‚ khn-ti-ja- mb KpW-߃ AXns\ Im¿, _kv, {S°v, {]Xn-tcm-[t- aJ-eb - nepw J\n-If - nepw Im¿jn-It- a-Je - bnepw D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ hml-\-߃ XpSßn-bh - b - psS Sb-dp-Iƒ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂Xn\v G‰hpw tbmPn-®X - m-°p-∂p. hml-\-hy-h-kmb-cwK-Øp-≠m-bns°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ hf¿® {]Ir-Xn-ZØ d∫dns‚ Bhiyw `mhn-bn¬ Db¿∂ \nebn¬ \ne-\n¿Øp-sa-∂X - n-\m¬ h¿≤n-®ph-cp∂ Ir{Xnad∫-dp-]t- `mKw {]Ir-Xn-ZØ - d-∫-dns‚ Bh-iy-I-Xsb _m[n°pw F∂v Bi-¶s - ∏-tS-≠X - n-√.

t]mfn-bq-dtØ≥ d∫¿ (]n.-bp.) ssUsFtkmkb- t \- ‰ v , ssUsslt{UmIvkn¬ {Kq∏p-Iƒ AS-ßnb tamtWm- a - d p- I ƒ t]mfn- a - s sdkv sNbvXmWv Cu d∫¿ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂X - v. ^vsfIvkn-_nƒ A]vtlmƒÃ-dn t^m-apIƒ, I´n-bp≈ C≥kp-te-j≥ t^mapIƒ, KmkvsI-‰p-Iƒ, hml-\-ß-fpsS _pjp-Iƒ, ]i-Iƒ apX-em-bh - b - psS \n¿Ωm-WØ - n-emWv t]mfn-bq-dn-tØ≥ {][m- \ - a mbpw D]- t bm- K n- ° p- ∂ - X v . Uypt]m¨Uv, _n.-F.-Fk - v.F - ^ - v., tUm sIan-°¬ (Dupot, BASF, Dow chemical) F∂n-hb - mWv {][m\ bqd-tØ≥ d∫¿ \n¿Ωm-Xm-°ƒ. hymh- k m- b nIhf¿®- b p- s Sbpw hml-\\ - n¿Ωm-Wc - w-KsØ ]ptcm-KX - n-bpsSbpw ^e-ambn d∫-dns‚ D]-t`mKw

C¥y≥ d_¿ KthjWtI{µØnse d_¿ sSIvt\m-fPn Unhn-j-\n¬ ko\n-b¿ kb‚n-ÃmWp teJI≥. P\p-hcn 2012

vyavasayakeralam

_yq´m-Un≥ d∫¿

hyh-kmbtIcfw

knen-°¨ d∫¿ jo‰v

15


Ih¿tÃmdn

Fkv. taml-\-N-{µ≥ \mb¿

d∫¿ØSnsIm≠p Krtlm]IcW߃ \n¿Ωn®p hn¬°p∂ klIcWÿm]\amb d_vtIm aebmfnIƒ°p ]cnNnXamWv. CØcw thsdbpw ÿm]\߃ kwÿm\Øp≠v. F∂m¬, e`yamb d∫¿ØSnbpsS 20 iXam\Øn¬Ømsgtb C∂p kwkv°cn°p∂p≈q. h\\ioIcWw Ipdbv°m\p≈ D]m[n F∂ \nebn¬°qSn CØcw DXv∏∂߃ {]Ncn∏nt°≠Xp≠v. hn]Wn hnIkn∏n®pw sNehpIpd™ kmt¶XnIhnZyIƒ hnIkn∏n®p hne Ipd®pw Cu cwKØp km≤yXIƒ hn]peoIcn°m\mIpw.

d∫¿ØSn

kwkvI-c-Whpw D]-t`m-Khpw cp-]-Ø©p h¿jw {]mb-saØnb Hcp d∫¿a-cØ - n¬\n∂v icm-icn 0.57 L\-ao-‰¿ (20 Iyq_nIv ASn) d∫¿ØSn e`n-°pw. CXn¬ 60 iX-am\w XmbvØ-Snbpw _m°n inJ-c-ß-fp-am-Wv. C¥y-bn¬ {]Xn-h¿jw samØw 13 e£-tØmfw Iyq_nIv ao‰¿ d∫¿ØSn e`y-am-sW∂v IW-°p-Iƒ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p. GXm\pw h¿jw apºp- h sc d∫¿ØSn-bpsS hymh-km-bnI km≤y-

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

C

16

X-Iƒ Imcy-ambn D]-tbm-Ks - ∏-Sp-Øn-bncp-∂n-√. hnd-In\pw ]mbv°nMv tIkv \n¿Ωm-W-Øn-\p-am-bn-cp∂p AXv {][m\-ambpw D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂X - v. d∫¿ØSnbpsS hn]-W\ - k - m≤y-XI - ƒ I≠-dn™v tIm´-bØ - n-\S- pØv IpS-am-fq-cn¬ 1965˛¬ kuØv C¥y≥ Snw_¿ C≥Ukv{Sn F∂ t]cn¬ Hcp hyh-km-bi - me Bcw`n-®s - Xm-gn-®m¬ C¥y-bn¬ Cu cwKØv Imcy-amb {ia-ß-sfm∂pw D≠m-bn-cp∂n√.

1980ItfmsS hntZ-iØv tPmen-bp≈ tIc- f o- b - c psS FÆ- Ø n- e p- ≠ mb h¿≤\ kwÿm-\Ø - ns‚ kmº-ØnI ]ptcm-KX - n°pw sI´n-S\ - n¿Ωm-Wc - w-KØp h≥ IpXn®pNm´-Øn\pw Imc-W-am-bn. AXp-aqew ]c-º-cm-K-X-ambn D]-tbmKn®ph∂n-cp∂ XSn-Iƒ°p hne-°b - ‰- a - p≠m-Ip-Ib - pw ]e sI´n-S\ - n¿Ωm-Wk - w-cw`-Icpw a‰p XSn D]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ \n¿_‘n-X-cm-Ip-Ibpw sNbvXp. kzm`m-hn-Iambpw tIc- f - Ø n¬ kpe- ` - a mb P\p-hcn 2012


d∫¿ØSn-bn-te°pw Ah-cpsS {i≤ Xncn-™p. sXmÆq-dp-If - psS a≤y-tØmsS GI-tZiw 49 d∫¿XSn kwkvI-cW bqWn-‰p-Iƒ \ne-hn¬h∂p. F∂m¬ hn]-Wn-bpsS A]-cym-]vXX aqehpw a‰pw Ah-bn¬ ]Ip-Xn-tbmfw {ItaW \ne®pt]mbn. Ccp-]t- Xmfw ÿm]-\ß - fmWv Ct∏mƒ Cu cwKØv kPo-ha - m-bn´p-≈X - v. e`y-amb d∫¿ØSn-bpsS 20 iX-am\-Øn¬ Xmsg am{Xta kwkvIc - n-s®-Sp°p- ∂ p- ≈ q. ssπhp- U v , ]mbv ° nwKv tIkp-Iƒ XpS-ßn-bh - b - psS \n¿Ωm-WØn-\mWv CXn¬ knwl-`m-Khpw D]tbm-Kn-°p-∂X - v. d∫¿ t_m¿Un-s‚bpw d∫-dp-Xv]m-ZI - k - w-Lß - f - p-sSbpw kwbp‡-kw-cw-`-ambn 1991˛¬ ÿm]n-X-ambXpw 1996˛¬ DXv]m-Z\w Bcw-`n-®-Xpamb ao\-®n¬ d∫¿hpUv enan-‰Uv, d∫¿ t_m¿Uns‚ apJy DS- a - ÿ - X - b n¬ 1998˛¬ XpSßn 2001˛¬ DXv]m-Z\w Bcw`n® d∫¿hpUv C¥ym ss{]h‰v enan-‰Uv F∂o ÿm]-\ß - ƒ d∫¿XSn kwkvIcW cwKØv i‡-amb km∂n-≤y-ambn \ne-sIm-≈q-∂p. kwkvIc - n® d∫¿XSn D]-tbm-Kn®v sshhn-[y-am¿∂ DXv]-∂߃ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂X - n\pw hn]-W\ - i - rwJ-e-Iƒ ÿm]n-°p-∂-Xn\pw Cu Iº\n-Iƒ°v Ign-™n-´p-≠v. h≥tXm-Xnep≈ Akw-_nƒUv ^¿Wn-®¿ \n¿ΩmW-Øn\v G‰hpw tbmPn-®Xv d∫¿ØSnbm-sW∂v sXfn-bn-°s - ∏-´n-´p-≠v. C≥Uv tdmb¬ XpS-ßnb {_m≥UUv ^¿Wn®-dp-Iƒ°v apJy-ambpw d∫¿X-Sn-bmWv D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. ate-jy≥ lm¿Uv hpUv ^¿Wn-®¿ F∂ t]cn¬ Cd-°paXn sNøp-∂-h-bnepw {][m-\-ambpw d∫¿X-Sn-bmWv D≈-Xv. d∫¿hpUv C¥y ss{]h‰v enan-‰Uv (tIm-´-bw), d_vtIm(-IÆq¿) XpSßn A©v ÿm]- \ - ß ƒ d∫¿ØSn sIm≠p≈ ]m\¬ t_m¿Up- I ƒ \n¿Ωn®v hn]-W\w sNøp-∂p. ssπhpUv, ]m¿´n-°nƒ t_m¿Uv F∂n-h-tb°mƒ Dd∏pw _ehpw D-≈h - bpw CuSp\n¬°p- ∂ - h - b p- a mb Cu ]m\¬ t_m¿UpIƒ IX-Ip-Iƒ, In®≥ Im_n\-‰v, Ae-am-eI - ƒ, ]m¿´o-j≥ t_m¿UpIƒ, Krtlm]IcW߃ XpSßn sshhn-≤y-am¿∂ Ht´sd Dcp-∏S- n-If - psS \n¿Ωm-WØ - n\v D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p.

FØn--°Ww. tbmPn® Af-hp-If - n¬ Adp-sØ-Sp°p∂ Dcp-∏S- n-Iƒ cmk-]cnN-cW - Ø - n\p hnt[-b-am-°p-I-bmWv BZy-]-Sn. IoS߃, Ipanƒ F∂n-h-bpsS B{I-aWsØ {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m≥ hmIzw {]j¿ Cw{]-t·-j≥ F∂ {]{In-b-hgn cmkhkvXp XSn-bpsS D≈n-te°p IS-Øn-hnSp-Ib - mWv sNøp-∂X - .v t_mtdm¨-˛t- _mdnIv BknUv an{in-Xa - mWv CXn-\mbn D]tbm-Kn-°p-∂X - v. A¥m-cmjv{S kpc£m am\-Z-WvU-ß-f-\p-k-cn-®mWv (a-\p-jycpsS Btcm-Ky-Øn\v lm\n-Ic - a - √ - m-Ø) cmk-]-cn-N-c-W-Øn-\mbn Cu an{inXw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. Xs∂-bp-a-√, AXv d∫¿ØSn-bpsS kzm`m-hnI \ndw \ne-

\n¿Øm≥ klm-bn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. cmk-]-cn-N-cWw \S-Ønb XSnsb kok-Wn-ßn\v hnt[-ba - m-°p-∂p. ]pXpXmbn sh´n-sb-Sp-°p∂ d∫¿a-cß - f - psS XSn-bn¬ 60 iX-am\w hsc Pemw-i-ap≠m-bn-cn-°pw. XSn-bnse Pemiw 8˛12 hsc iX-am\w B°p∂ {]{In-bb - mWv kok- W n- M v. CXn- \ mbn XSn- I ƒ {]tXyIw cq]-Ie - v]\ sNbvXXpw Xm]a¿±-{I-ao-I-c-W-ß-fp-≈-Xp-amb Nqf-Ifn¬ (kilns) G-gp-ap-X¬ 15 hsc Znh-kw DW-°n-sb-Sp-°p-∂p. Pemw-i-Øns‚ Afhv IqSn-bn-cp-∂m¬ Imem-h-ÿm-am‰-߃°-\p-kr-X-ambn XSn hnI-kn-°pIbpw Npcp-ßp-Ibpw sNøpw. CXv Dcp∏- S n- I - f p- s Sbpw DXv ] - ∂ - ß - f psSbpw

P\p-hcn 2012

vyavasayakeralam

tXm´-ßf - n¬\n∂v sh´n-sb-Sp-°p∂ d∫¿ac-߃ kwkvI-c-W-Øn-\mbn c≠p-aq∂p Znh-kß - ƒ°p-≈n¬ ^mIvSdn-I-fn-se-Øn-°p-∂p. XSn-bn¬ Ipanƒ _m[- b p- ≠ m- I m\pw XSn°v \nd- h yXymkw hcm\pw CS- b p- ≈ - X n- \ m¬ kwkvI-c-W-Øn-\p≈ XSn Ign-hXpw thKw kwkv I - c W bqWn- ‰ p- I - f n¬

hyh-kmbtIcfw

d∫¿ØSn kwkvI-cWw

17


vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

d∫¿X-Sn-bpsS kzm`m-hn-I-amb t\¿Ø {Iow \ndhpw AXns‚ ]cn-ÿnXnkulrZkz`m-h-hp-amWv AXn\v ]m›m-Xy-cm-Py-ß-fn¬ IqSp-X¬ AwKo-Imcw e`n-°m≥ Imc-Ww. GXp \nd-Ønepw sÃbv≥ sNbvsX-Sp-°m≥ Ign-bp-sa-∂Xv AXns‚ as‰mcp BI¿j-W-am-Wv. C{Xbpw Ffp∏w an\p-k-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw Iq´n-tbm-Pn-∏n-°m\pw ]‰nb a‰p XSn-I-fn√ F∂p-Xs∂ ]d-bmw.

18

BIr- X n- ` w- K - Ø n\p Imc- W - a m- I pw. Cßs\ kw`-hn-°msX XSn-bpsS Uba≥j-W¬ sÃ_n-en‰n \ne-\n¿Øp-Isb-∂-XmWv kok-Wn-ßns‚ apJy-e£yw. CØ-c-Øn¬ kwkvI-cn-s®-SpØ XSnsb B¿.-Fk - v.s - I.-Un. (rough sown kiln dried) F∂p ]d-bpw. Ch sπbv\nMv \S- Ø n, ^nwK¿ tPmbn‚ v sNbv X v ]m\¬ t_m¿Up-Iƒ D≠m-°p-∂p. 12 an.ao., 18 an.-ao., 24 an.-ao., 30 an.-ao., 35 an.ao., F∂n-ßs\ hnhn[ I\-Øn¬ e`n°p∂ ]m\¬ t_m¿Up-I-fpsS \ofw 2.44 ao‰dpw hoXn 1.22 ao‰dpw Bbn-cn°pw. a‰n\w XSn-If - psS ]e-II - fpw Dcp∏-Sn-Ifpw D]-tbm-Kn®v \n¿Ωn-°p∂ GXp DXv]∂ - hpw Cu ]m\¬t_m¿UpIƒ D]-tbm-Kn®v \n¿Ωn-°m-\m-Ipw. C‚o-cn-b¬ U°-td-j≥ cwKØv Ch hym]-Ia - mbn D]-tbm-Kn®p hcp-∂p. C¥ym-hp-Uns‚ sdUn Sp ^nIvkv IX-Ip-Iƒ°v hn]-Wn-bn¬ \√ kzoI-cW-amWv e`n-°p-∂-Xv. d∫¿X-Sn-bpsS kzm`m-hnI \nd-Ønepw tX°v, ho´n, alm-KWn XpS-ßn-b-h-bpsS If-dp-Ifnepw hnhn[ Unssk-\p-If - n¬ ]pd-Ønd-°p∂ Cu IX-Ip-Iƒ°v 6,000 apX¬

12,000 hsc cq]-bmWv hne. tX°n\p Xpey- a mb ZrV- X bpw _e- h p- a p≈ Chbv°v tX°p-XSn D]-tbm-Kn-®p-≠m°p∂ IX-Ip-I-tf-°mƒ 50 iX-am\w hne-°p-dh - p-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. ao\-®n¬ d∫¿hpUv enan-‰Uv (sa{Sm-hp-U)v d∫¿ØSn D]-tbm-Kn®v ^¿Wn®-dp-w a‰v Dcp-∏-Sn-Ifpw \n¿Ωn®p hn]W\w \S-Øp-∂p. d∫¿t_m¿Uns‚ [\k- l m- b - t ØmsS {]h¿Øn- ° p∂ h\nXm kzm{i-b-kw-L-߃ Cu Iº\n°v hnhn-[X - cw DXv]∂ - ß - ƒ \n¿Ωn®p \evIp-∂p≠v. {KmaoW h\n-X-Iƒ°v sXmgn-e-h-k-c-߃ krjvSn-°m-\p-XIp∂ Cu ]≤Xn Du¿÷n- X - a mbn apt∂m´p t]mIp-∂p. sFs¶mºv (]m-em), I√d (tIm-´-bw), hb-em(-]m-em), Ipdp¶Æn (Im-™n-c∏ - ≈ - n), ASn-hmcw (Cucm-‰p-t]-´) F∂o d∫-dp-Xv]m-Z-I-kw-L߃ Cu ]≤-Xn-bn¬ `mK-`m-°p-If - m-W.v d∫¿X- S n- b psS kzm`m- h n- I - a mb t\¿Ø {Iow \ndhpw AXns‚ ]cnÿnXn kulm¿±-]-c-amb kz`m-h-hpamWv AXn\v ]m›m-Xy-cm-Py-ß-fn¬ IqSp-X¬ AwKo-Imcw e`n-°m≥ ImcWw. GXp \nd- Ø nepw sÃbv≥ sNbvsX- S p- ° m≥ Ign- b p- s a- ∂ Xv

AXns‚ as‰mcp BI¿j- W - a m- W v . C{Xbpw Ffp∏w an\p-k-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw Iq´n-tbm-Pn-∏n-°m\pw ]‰nb a‰p XSn-Ifn√ F∂p-Xs∂ ]d-bmw. d∫¿X-SnbpsS {]Nmcw h¿≤n°p-∂t- XmsS hym]-Ia - mb h\-\i - o-Ic - W-Øn\p Imc-Wa - mb ]c-ºc - m-KX - a - c - ß - fpsS D]-tbmKw Ipd-®p-sIm-≠p-hc - m\pw Hcp ]cn-ÿnXnkulrZ (ecofriendly) A¥-co£w ÿm]n-°m\pw km[n-°pw. ]e bqtdm-]y≥ cmPy-ßf - nepw ht\-Xc (non forest) XSn-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn-°-Wsa∂v \njvI¿jn-°-p-∂p. CXn-\mbn F^v-F-kv.-kn (Forest Stewardship Certification) am\-ZW - U v ß - ƒ \n¿Æ-bn°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. d∫¿X-Sn°v CXv e`n-°m\m-hi - y-amb \S-]S- n-Iƒ d∫¿t_m¿Uv Bcw-`n-®p-Ig- n-™p. d∫¿X-Sn-kw-kvI-c-Whpw AXp-]tbm-Kn-®p≈ aqey-h¿≤nX DXv]-∂-ßfpsS \n¿Ωm-Whpw \S-Øp∂ hyh-kmb-ÿm-]\ - ß - ƒ°v Bh-iy-amb kmt¶Xn-Ik - l - mbw \evIp-∂X - n\p ]pdsa ]Xns\m∂mw ]≤-Xn-bn¬ Dƒs∏-SpØn 25 e£w cq] hsc-bp≈ [\-kl - m-bhpw d∫¿t_m¿Uv \evIn-hc - p-∂p. d∫¿Ø-Sn-bpsS KpW-\n-e-hmcw \n¿Æ-bn-°p-∂Xn\p≈ hnhn[ sSÃpIƒ \S-Øp-∂X - n\v A¥m-cm-j{v S-\n-eh - mc-ap≈ Hcp d∫¿hpUv sSÃnwKv et_md-´d- nbpw d∫¿ t_m¿Un-\p-≠v. DXv]∂ - ß-fpsS KpW-\n-eh - mc ]cn-tim-[\ - bv°p ]pdsa ]cn-io-e\ - , t_m[-hX - vIc - W - ] - c - n]m-Sn-Ifpw ChnsS \S-Øp-∂p-≠v. d∫¿ØSn DXv]-∂-ß-fpsS D]tbmKw IqSp-X¬ hn]p-e-am-°p-∂-Xn\p≈ {ia-ß-fpsS `mK-ambn {]i-kvXamb B`y-¥c - , A¥m-cmjv{S hn]-W\ - ta-fI - f - n¬ d∫¿ØSnkwkvIc - W - - I-º\n- I - s f- ° qSn Dƒs∏- S p- Ø n- s °m≠v d∫¿t_m¿Uv ]s¶-Sp-°p-∂p. sI´n-S\n¿Ωm- W - c w- K - s Øbpw C‚o- c n- b ¬ U°-td-j≥ cwK-sØbpw a‰pw {]apJ¿°p apºn¬ d∫¿Ø-Sn-bp-X] v ∂ - ß - ƒ {]Z¿in-∏n®v AXns‚ KpW-ta-∑s - b-°pdn®v Ahsc t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ CØcw taf-Iƒ Ah-kc - s - am-cp-°p-∂p. Cu {ia-ßs - f√mw ^ew I≠p-Xp-Sßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. aqey-h¿≤nX d∫¿X-Snbp-X] v ∂ - ß - ƒ°v hn]-Wn-bn¬ {]nbhpw {]Nm-chpw h¿≤n-°p-∂-tXmsS I¿jI¿°v Ah-cpsS ac-߃°v IqSp-X¬ anI® hne e`n-°pw. At\Iw sXmgn-eh-kc - ß - ƒ krjvSn-°m\pw cmPy-Øns‚ kmº-ØnI]ptcm-K-Xn°v KWy-amb kw`m-h-\-Iƒ \evIm\pw DX-Ip∂ XcØn¬ d∫¿ØSnkwkvIc - W hyh-kmb-cwKw hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°m-\p≈ Xo{h-]cn-{i-aØ - n-emWv d∫¿t_m¿Uv. d∫¿ t_m¿Un¬ ]n. B≥Uv ]n.Un. hn`mKw UbdŒdmWp teJI≥ P\p-hcn 2012


Ih¿tÃmdn

Fkv. KncnP

d∫¿ hyhkmbØn\p ]n≥_etaIn Nß\mt»cnbnse s]mXpkuIcytkh\tI{µw

hyhkmb˛hmWnPyhIp∏n\pIogn¬ Nß\mt»cnbn¬ {]h¿Øn°p∂ s]mXpkuIcytkh\tI{µw (CFSC) kwÿm\sØ d∫¿ πmÃnIv A[njvTnX hyhkmb߃°pth≠ t{]m’ml\hpw klmbhpw \evInhcp∂p. d∫¿, πmÃnIv, cmk-˛`uXnI et_md´dnIƒ, Sqƒ dqw, ]cnioe\w F∂nßs\ hnhn[hn`mK߃ hnZKv≤cpsS t\XrXzØn¬ ChnsS {]h¿Øn°p∂p.

P\p-hcn 2012

vyavasayakeralam

d

d∫¿, πmÃnIv, cmknI߃ F∂nhbpsS hnhn≤ `uXnI cmk ]cntim[\Iƒ \SØm\mbn kpk÷amb et_md´dn kwhn[m\w ChnsS {]h¿Øn°p∂p. d∫dpev∏∂hnIk\Øn\pw \nehnep≈ hyhkmbßfnse {]iv\߃ ]cnlcn°p∂Xn\pw KthjW-t{]m’ml\Øn\pw CXv BhiyamWv. Un≥ A{_mU¿ (DIN Abrader), Uyqtdmao‰¿ XpSßnb kwhn[m\߃ ASpØnsS ChnsS ÿm]n®p. Ign™h¿jw CemtÃm{Km^ns‚ tkm^v‰v shbdpw \hoIcn®p. hyhkmbnIƒ, d∫¿ I¿jI¿, hnZym¿∞nIƒ, KthjI¿ XpSßn A™qtdmfw t]¿ Hmtcm h¿jhpw Cu

hyh-kmbtIcfw

∫dpXv ∏ ∂\n¿ΩmWw t{]m’mln∏n°m\pw sshhn≤yhXv°cn°m\pw kmt¶XnIanIthmsS hnIkn∏n°m\pw Hs°bmbn kwÿm\k¿°m¿ ssIs°m≠n´p≈ {][m\ ap≥ssIIfn¬ H∂mWv tIm´bw Pn√bnse Nß\mticnbn¬ ÿm]n®n´p≈ s]mXpkuIcytkh\tI{µw. 1969¬ {]h¿Ø\w XpSßnb Cu tI{µw C∂v Cu cwKsØ ]e AXym[p\nI kwhn[m\ßfpw D≈ Hcp XnI™ kmt¶XnIhnZymtI{µamWv. DXv∏∂sshhn≤yhXv°cWØn\p th≠ kmt¶XntIm]tZißfpw ]pØ≥ kmt¶XnIhnZyIfpsS hnhcßfpw kn.F^v.Fkv.kn. e`yam°p∂p≠v. d∫¿, πmÃnIv hyhkmbßfpambn_‘s∏´ hne]nSn® b{¥ßfpsS k¿∆oknßpw \SØns°mSp°p∂p. d∫dpev∏∂߃°pw AkwkvIrXhkvXp°ƒ°pw th≠ tZiob, cmPym¥cob \nehmcßfnep≈ KpWta∑m]cntim[\bpw \SØp∂p≠v. AXym[p\nIamb tI{µoIrX anIvknMv πmt‚msS ChnSpsØ d∫¿ Unhnj≥ ]p\c≤cn®ncn°p∂p. ¢Ã¿ hnIk\ ]≤Xnbn≥Iogn¬ 2.4 tImSn cq] tI{µklmbtØmsSbmWv CXp \hoIcn®Xv . ÿnchpw GIoIrXhpamb KpWta∑tbmsS d∫¿ kwbp‡ßƒ henb Afhn¬ kwtbmPn∏n°m≥ Cu kwhn[m\Øn\p Ignbpw.

kn.-F≥.kn an√nwKv sajo≥

19


tkh\߃ ÿncambn D]tbmKn°p∂p. CXn\p ]pdsa a‰\h[nt]cpw tkh\߃°mbn h∂pt]mIp∂p. ]n.Pn. hnZym¿∞nIfpsS s{]mPŒv h¿°pIfpw \S°p∂p≠v. c≠p sSÃnMv em_pIfmWv ChnsS D≈Xv: sIan°¬ sSÃnMv em_pw ^nkn°¬ sSÃnMv em_pw. CXn¬ sIan°¬ em_n¬ d∫¿ em‰Ivkns‚ ss{U d∫¿ I≠‚ v, tSm´¬ tkmfnUv I≠‚ v, thmfss‰¬ ^m‰n BknUv, thmfss‰¬ am‰¿ XpSßnb hniIe\߃, d∫¿ kwbp‡ßfnse d∫¿ sslt{UmIm¿_¨ I≠‚ v, Bjv I≠‚ v XpSßnbh, d∫¿ cmknIßfmb kn¶v HmIvsskUv,

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

^nkn-°¬ sSÃnwKv em_v

20

t_ssd‰vkv, Fw._n.‰n.Fkv., kƒ^¿ XpSßnbhbpsS hniIe\w Hs° sNøpw. tIcfØn\v AIØpw ]pdØpw \n∂p≈ tImsfPv, k¿∆Iemimem hnZym¿∞nIfpsS t{]mPŒv {]h¿Ø\ßfpw hnhn[ tImsfPpIfnse t]mfnsa¿ hnZym¿∞nIƒ°mbn em‰Ivkv A\menknkn¬ ]cnioe\hpw Hs° \S°p∂Xp IqSmsX, t]mfna¿ kb≥kv ]n.Pn. ]co£bpsS tI{µambpw Nne tImsfPpIƒ ChnSw {]tbmP\s∏SpØp∂p. ^nkn°¬ em_n¬ d∫dns‚ ^nkn°¬ sSÃnßn\p≈ F√m {][m\ k∂mlßfpw D≠v. F√mw cmPym¥c \nehmcØnep≈ {_m≥UUv D]IcW߃. Nneh P¿Ω\n, Cw•≠v, Atacn°, P∏m≥ F∂nhnSßfn¬\n∂v Cd°paXn sNbv X hbpw. Cu kuIcy߃ tIcfØnepw Ab¬kwÿm\ßfnepw D≈ hyhkmb߃ D]tbmKn°p∂p. C¥y≥ d∫¿ KthjWtI{µhpw sIm®nbnse F.B¿.Un.Fepw t]mep≈ ÿm]\߃ C‚¿et_md´dn KthjW߃°mbpw ChnSw {]tbmP\s∏SpØp∂p. IqSmsX, tIcfØn\v AIØpw ]pdØpap≈ hnhn[ k¿∆IemimeIƒ Fw.Fkv kn, Fw.^n¬, Fw.sSIv , _n.sSIv XpSßnb tImgvkpIfpsS `mKamb t{]mPŒv {]h¿Ø\߃°pw D]tbmKn°p∂p. Kuchtadnb [mcmfw KthjWßfpsS {][m\ `mKßfpw ChnsS \S°p∂p≠v. GPnßn\p apºpw ]nºpap≈ sS≥ssk¬ KpWßfpsS ]cntim[\, dntbmsa{SnIv KpWßfpsS ]cntim[\, aqWo hnkv t Imkn‰n, kv t Im¿®v ssSw, πmÃnkn‰nbpw πmÃnkn‰n dns‰≥j≥ C≥sUIvkpw,

At{_bvj≥ sdknÃ≥kv, lm¿Uvs\kv, GPnßn\p apºpw ]nºpap≈ ‰ob¿ s{ÃMv X v , tKPv sSÃv , ^v s fIv k v sdknÃ≥kv, I{ºj≥ sSÃpIƒ, sa¬‰nßv t]mbn‚ v, kvs]kn^nIv {Kmhn‰n XpSßnbhsbms° ^nkn°¬ sSÃnßv et_md´dnbn¬ ]cntim[n°mw. CXns\√map≈ kwhn[m\ßfmb C≥t{Ãm¨ bqWnthgvk¬ sSÃnMv sajo≥ (bp.sI.), tKm´vt^¿´v CemtÃm{Km^v thcntbm dntbmao‰¿ (P¿Ω\n), sSIv t{]m aqWo hnkvtImao‰¿ (Atacn°), t_dnkv At{_bvj≥ sSÿ (P¿Ω\n), anXptXmtbm lm¿Uvs\kv sSÿ, hmfkv dm∏nUv πmÃnao‰¿ (bp.sI.), andmjv UbdŒv doUnMv sU≥kn ao‰¿ (P∏m≥), tdmkv ^vfIvkv sSÿ, I{ºj≥ sk‰v sSÿ, sa¬‰nMv t]mbn‚ v A∏mc‰kv, et_md´dn anIvknMv an¬, et_md´dn sslt{UmfnIv {]kv XpSßnbhsb√mw ChnsS D≠v. πmÃnIv Unhnj\n¬ hn≥Uvk¿ taIv πmÃnIv tªm tamƒUnMv sajo≥, dot{]mkknMv FIvkv{SqU¿, kv{Im]v ss{K≥U¿ XpSßnb D]IcW߃ k÷oIcn®n´p≠v. Znhtk\ H‰jn^v‰nemWv Cu em_v {]h¿Øn°p∂Xv. em`m[n„nXa√mØ Cu ÿm]\Øn¬ hyXykvX bt{¥m]IcWßfpsS Zpcp]tbmKw D≠mImXncn°m≥th≠n am{XamWv BZyw \maam{Xamb k¿∆vvkv Nm¿÷v G¿s∏SpØnbXv. CXp ImenIambn ]n∂oSp ]cnjv ° cn®n´p≠v . Ct∏mƒ sIm√wtXmdpw ]Øp iXam\whoXw \nc°v Db¿Øm≥ k¿°m¿ DØchmbn´p≠v. XpS°°mcmb kwcw`I¿°v kz¥w hyhkmbw ÿm]n°m≥ {]tNmZIamIm≥ Dt±in®p≈ thZnIqSnbmWv ChnSw. em`Øns‚b√, kwcw`I¿°p \evIp∂ kmt¶XnItNcphIfneqsS kr„n°s∏Sp∂ kmaqlnIaqeyØns‚ ASnÿm\ØnemWv Cu tI{µw hnebncpØs∏tS≠Xv. apJyambpw d∫dns\bpw πmÃn°ns\bpw e£yw h®mWv Cu tI{µw ÿm]n®n´p≈sX¶nepw kq£va sNdpInS CSØcw kwcw`I¿°p≈ Hcp ]cnioe\tI{µwIqSn BWnXv . CXn\mbp≈ t_m[hXv ° cW]cn]mSnIfpw skan\mdpIfpw kwcw`IXzhnIk\ ]cnioe\ßfpw Hs° kwcw`I¿°pw kmt¶XnIhnZKv≤¿°pw th≠n kwLSn∏n°mdp≠v. P\d¬ F©n\obdnwKv cwKamWv Cu tI{µw Du∂¬ \evIp∂ as‰mcp {][m\ taJe. ‰nKv sh¬UnMv, anKv h¬UnMv, FIvkv td sh¬UnMv XpSßnb B[p\nI sh¬UnMv kmt¶XnIhnZyIƒ, kn.F≥.kn. s{Sbn\¿ an√nMv ajo≥, kn.F≥.kn. s{Sbn\¿ sebvØv XpSßnbhbnsems° B[p\nI]cnioe\w ChnsS \evIp∂p. ChnsSbp≈ Sqƒ dqan¬ A®pIƒ hm¿°m\p≈ (moulding) cq]Iev∏\, ^m{_nt°j≥ F∂nh ]cnioen°m\pw kuIcyap≠v . Sqƒ dqansebpw ]cnioe\tI{µØnsebpw AXym[p\nI k÷oIcWßsf∏‰n ChnsS hnhcn°p∂n√. Npcp°Øn¬, d∫¿, πmÃnIv hyhkmbßfpsS AØmWnbmWv Nß\mt»cnbnse Cu s]mXpkuIcytkh\tI{µw. H∏w F√mØcw kwcw`IcpsSbpw t{]m’ml\tI{µhpw \nch[n kmt¶XnIhnZym¿∞nIfpsSbpw KthjIcpsSbpw {]nbs∏´ ÿm]\hpw. P\p-hcn 2012


\nIp-Xn-\n-baw

F. kplrXv Ipam¿

2012

G{]n¬ amkw apX¬ C¥y-bn¬ F√m kwÿm\-߃°pw tI{µ `c-W{- ]tZ- i - ß ƒ°pw _m[- I - a mIpwhn[w {]m_eyw \evIm≥ \n¿t±-in-°s - ∏-´n-´p≈ \nIpXn\nba ]cn-jvIm-ca - mWv Nc°v˛tkh\ \nIpXn \nb-a-\n¿t±-iw. 2007 apX¬ CXp kw_- ‘ n® N¿®- I ƒ°p tI{µk¿°m¿ XpS-°-an-´-Xm-Wv. IcSp \nb-aØn\p cq]w \evIp-Ibpw AXn-t∑¬ A`n{]mb cq]hXv°c-WØ - n-\mbn Hcp A[n-IrX-ka - n-Xn°p cq]w sImSp-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn´p-≠v. Cu Fw]-th¿Uv IΩn‰n Ht´sd t`ZK-Xn-Ifpw am‰-ßfpw Dƒs∏-SpØn IcSp \nbaw ]cn-jvI-cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bpamWv.

Pn.-F-kv.-Sn-bpsS {lkz-N-cn{Xw P¿Ω≥ hyh- k m- b - { ]- a p- J - \ mb hnthm¨ kosa≥kv BWp aqey-h¿≤n-X\n-IpXn (hmeyp BUUv SmIvkv) F∂ Bibw 1918˛¬ Ah--X-cn-∏n-®-Xv. ]n∂oSv {^©v \nIpXn imkv {X hnZ- K v ≤- \mb tamdnkv temd 1957˛¬ aqey-h¿≤n-X-\n-IpXn°v B[n-Im-cnIam\w \evIn. Adp-]Xp h¿j- Ø n- \n- S- b n¬ 140 cmPy- ß ƒ Cu \nbaw \S-∏n-em-°n. C¥y-bpw 1990˛¬ XpS°- a n´v 2005˛¬ ]tcm- £ - \ n- I pXnLS\ GXm≠v ]q¿Æ-ambpw aqey-h¿≤nX\nIpXn k{º-Zm-bØ - n-te°p amdn. hnev]\\nIpXn ˛ hmWnPy\nIpXn kwhn- [ m- \ - Ø nse ]c- º - c m- K X \nIpXn\nc°p \n¿Æb kam-lc - W k{ºZm-b-Øn¬\n∂p hyXy-kvX-am-Wv aqeyh¿≤nX\nIpXn AYhm hm‰v. Hmtcm km[\-Øn-s‚bpw tkh-\-Øn-s‚bpw aqeyw ˛ Akw-kvIr-Xhpw kwkvIr-Xh - p-amb DXv]∂-߃ Dƒs∏sS ˛ Hmtcm ssIam-‰-L-´Ønepw Bh¿Øn®p IW-°m-°p-Ibpw A-XXp L´-Øn¬ \nc°p \n›-bn-°p-

P\p-hcn 2012

vyavasayakeralam

ASpØ kmºØnIh¿jw apX¬ cmPyØp Nc°v˛tkh\\nIpXn k{ºZmbw \S∏m°pw F∂mWp {]Jym]n®n´p≈Xv. CXn\p≈ XømsdSp∏pIƒ ]ptcmKan°pIbmWv. \S]Sn{Ia߃ eLphpw EPphpw efnXhpam°p∂ ]pXnb k{ºZmbØn\v Hcp BapJw.

hyh-kmbtIcfw

Nc°v˛tkh\\nIpXn \nbaw Hcpßp∂p 21


Ibpw \nIpXn Npa-Øp-Ibpw ]ncn-°pI-bp-amWv ]c-º-cm-KX coXn. CXn-\p-]Icw hyXykvX ssIam-‰L-´-ß-fn¬ (aƒ´n t]mbn‚ vkv) sXm´p-ap≥L-´Øn¬ HSp-°nb \nc-°ns‚ Cfhv A\ph- Z n- ° p- I tbm ASpØ L´- Ø nse \nIp-Xn-bn¬\n∂p X´n-°-gn-°p-Itbm sNøp∂ (C≥]p´v s{IUn‰v AYhm sk‰v Hm^v) \n-IpXnkam-lc - W {]{In-bbmWp hm‰v. Cu coXn-bn-ep≈ \nIpXn\n¿Æ-bØn¬ GsXmcp km[-\-Øn\pw tkh\-Øn\pw ta¬ Ht∂m ct≠m ]cn-anX L-´ß - f - n-te-°mbn Npc-°n-s°m≠v hm‰v \nIpXn\nc°v CuSm-°p∂ k{º-Zm-bamWp Nc°v ˛ tkh-\-\n-Ip-Xn. AXmbXv Hmtcm \nIp-Xn-Zm-bI - \pw JP-\m-hnte°v HSp-°p∂ \nIpXn sXm´-SpØ Hmtcm \nIpXnL´- Ø nepw Cfhv sNbv t Xm HgnhpIgn- h p- \ - e v I ntbm \nc°p \n¿Æ-bn-°p-Ibpw ]ncn-°pIbpw sNøp- ∂ - X m- W v Pn.- F - k v . - S n. AYhm Nc°v ˛ tkh\ \nIp-Xn. \ne-hn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ hmWn-Py-˛h - nev]\ \nIpXn k{º-Zm-bØ - n¬ am{X-a√ hm‰v k{º-Zm-bØ - nepw tI{µ-˛k - w-ÿm\-X-e-ß-fnepw kwÿm-\m-¥c Nc°p ssIam-‰-Ønepw AXXp k¿°m-cp-IfpsSbpw hIp-∏p-I-fp-sSbpw Xe-Øn¬ hyXy-kvX\ - n-c° - n¬ hyXykvX \nIp-XnIƒ G¿s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-\p-]-Icw Pn.-F v.-Sn-bn¬ tI{µ-˛-kw-ÿm\ k¿°m-cpIƒ kwbp-‡-ambn AXXp taJ-e-Ifn¬ \nIpXn\nc°v G¿s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw Npa-Øp-Ibpw kam-lc - n-°p-Ibpw B\p]m- X n- I - a mbn hIsIm- ≈ n- ° p- I bpw sNøp∂ coXn-bmWp kzoI-cn-°s - ∏-Sp-I.

]pXnb \nb- a - { ]m- _ - e y- t ØmsS Ct∏mƒ tI{µ-k¿°m¿ Npa-Øp-∂ 1) tI{µ FIvsskkv Uyq´n 2) A-[nI FIvsskkv Uyq´n, 3) tkh\ \nIp-Xn, 4) A[nI IÃwkv Uyq´n 5) kvs]jy¬ IÃwkv -Uyq´n 6) -k¿®m¿÷p-Iƒ, 7) hnhn[ sk p- I ƒ F∂n- h bpw kwÿm-\-߃ Npa-Øp∂ 1) hm‰v-˛-hnev]\ \nIp-Xn-Iƒ, 2) hnt\m-Z\ - n-Ip-Xn, 3) BUw-_-c-\n-Ip-Xn, 4) a’c-˛-Nq-Xm´ \nIp- X n, 5) kwÿm- \ - s k-   v- ˛ k¿®m¿÷p-Iƒ, 6) {]th-i\ \nIpXn F∂n-hbpw Dƒs∏sS 13 C\-߃ GtIm]n-∏n-°s - ∏-Spw. 2010˛se _P‰v {]kw- K - Ø n¬Øs∂ 2010 G{]n¬ H∂ns‚ ap≥Im-e{]m-_eyw Cu \nbaw \S-∏m-°p-tºmƒ km[n-X-am-°p-sa∂p {]Jym-]n-®n-cp-∂p. 2011 am¿®n¬Øs∂ PnF- vSn°v A\ptcm-[a - mb hyh-ÿI - ƒ Dƒs°m-≈p∂

Pn.-F- v.-Sn. e£y-an-Sp-∂p-≠v. CXv km[n-°m≥ `c-WL - S- \m t`ZK-Xnbpw \nb-a-\n¿Ωm-Whpw ]q¿Ønbm-°p-I, AXn-\\ - p-kr-Xa - mb N´-߃, ]´n- I - I ƒ, am\z- e p- I ƒ F∂nh cq]s∏SpØpI, \nIpXn\ma-I-cWpw am\-Io-Ic - W - hpw \S-Øp-I, tZio-b˛- k - wÿm-\-˛-{]m-tZ-inI Xe-Øn¬ kzoI-cmcyhpw {]mtbm-Kn-Ih - p-amb DZv{K-YnX CeIvt{Sm-Wn-I˛v- π - m‰vt^mw cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-I, `c-WI - m-cy-\n¿∆-lW kwhn-[m\w ]p\xkw-L-Sn-∏n-°p, hn⁄m\hym]\˛]cnio-e\ kwhn-[m-\s - am-cp-°p-I, X¿°-]cn- l mc D]m[n cq]hXv ° - c n- ° pI XpSßn H´-\-h[n IS-º-Iƒ IS-t°-≠Xm-bp-≠v. Nc- ° p- I ƒ°p- t a¬ am{X- a mWp \nbm-aI \nIpXnhyhÿ Ct∏m-gp-≈X - .v 1994˛se [\-Imcy \nb-a] - n≥_ew am{Xap≈ tkh-\\ - n-IpXnN´-°qSpw PnF- Sv n-

115˛mw `-cW - L - S- \mt`Z-KX - n- _n√pw ]m¿esa‚n\p apºn¬ ka¿∏n-°s - ∏-´n-´p-≠v.

bn¬ Dƒt®¿°- s ∏- S pw. \nIpXn ]ncnhpsNehp ]¶p- h - b v ° - s ∏- S pw. A¿≤-\o-Xn-\ym-bm-[n-Im-ca - p≈ Ah-temI-\k - anXn cq]w \evIs - ∏-Spw. Xt±-i`- c - W-Xe - Ø - n-ep≈ hcp-am\t{kmX- p-I¬ tI{µo-Ir-XamIpw. Nne taJ-e-I-fn-se¶nepw ZznapJ\nIpXn \ne-\n¿tØ≠n hcpw. \nIp-Xn-Zm-bI - ] - {- Xn-Iƒ ZznapJ]cntim-[\ - I - ƒ°p hnt[-ba - m-t°-≠n-hc - pw. Cu LS-I-߃ F√mw ]cn-K-Wn-°-s∏Sp-tºmgpw \nIp-Xn-sh-´n∏p XS-bm\pw hcp-am\w Db¿Øm\pw Gsd ]cym-]vXam-Iptam F∂v Dd∏p In´p-∂p-an-√. CXpIqSn ]cn-KW - n®p am{X-am-bn-cn-°Ww Nc°v-˛-tk-h-\-\n-IpXn ]cn-jvIm-c-Øn\p {]m_eyw \evtI-≠X - v.

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hyh-kmbtIcfw

Pn.-F- n.-Sn-bpsS \n¿∆-lWw

22

temI-cm-Py-߃ ]eXpw s^U-d¬ k{º-Zm-b-Ønepw bqWn-‰dn k{º-Zm-bØnepw Bbn CXn-\Iw Pn.-F  - v.S- n. _m[-I-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. {^m≥kv. ssN\, Bkvt{S-enb apX-em-bh bqWn-‰dn amXrI-bnepw {_ko¬, Im\U XpS-ßnb cmPy-߃ s^U-d¬ LS-\-bn-ep-amWv Nc°p tkh\ k{º-Zmbw \S-∏m-°n-bn´p-≈X - v. C¥y-bn-em-Is´ tI{µ-k¿°m-cn\p \n¿t±-in-°m-\p-X-Ip∂ kn.-Pn.-F-kv.Sn.bpw kwÿm-\ß - ƒ°p _m[-Ia- m-°m\m-Ip∂ Fkv.-Pn.-F-kv.-Snbpw BWv Ct∏mƒ \n¿t±- i n- ° - s ∏- ´ n- ´ p- ≈ - X v . kwÿm-\m-¥-c Nc°p ssIam-‰-˛-tkh\ e`y-Xbv°v sF.Pn.-Fkv.Sn. F∂XmWp \n¿-t±-in-°-s∏-´n-´p-≈-Xv. GsX¶nepw L´-Øn¬ X¿°tam {]Xn-k‘ntbm D≠m-bm¬ X’w-_-‘-amb Xocq-am\w sFPnFkvSn LS-\b - n¬-˛t- Ziob A[n-IrXkanXn (Fw-]-th¿Uv IΩn-‰n) BIpw FSp-°p-I.

Pn.-F- v.-Sn-bpsS IS-º-Iƒ Akw-kvIrX ]Zm¿∞-Zm-Xm-°ƒ, DXv ]m- Z - I ¿/\n¿Ωm- X m- ° ƒ, samØhym]m-cn-Iƒ, Nn√d hnev]-\-°m¿, D]t`m-‡m-°ƒ F∂n-h¿ Hmtcm L´Ønsebpw {Ib-߃°v AXXp aqeyØn\v B\p-]m-XnIamb \nIpXn\nc-°pIƒ AXXp L´-Øn¬ HSp-°pI F∂ Bh¿Ø\ kam-l-cW coXn Ah-km\n-∏n-°p-I, \nIpXn X´n∏pw sh´n∏pw \nb-{¥n-°p-I, \nIp-Xn-sbm-gn-hm-°¬ k{º-Zmbw Npcp-°pI apX-emb e£y߃°p ]pdsa \ne-hn-ep≈ \nIp-Xn-ZmbIirwJe hn]p- e o- I - c n- ° p- I , \nIpXnkam-lc - Ww eLphpw EPphpw efn-Xhp-am-°pI XpS-ßnb am‰-ßfpw

Xncph\¥]pcw Kh¨sa‚ v tem tImsfPv Atkmkntb‰v s{]m^kdmWp teJI≥. P\p-hcn 2012


knÿ Dj B‚Wn

kwc-`-IXzkwkv°mcw Xfn¿°p∂ Iemebw kw

cw-`-IXzw bph-a-\- p-Ifn¬ hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°pI, bph-kw-cw-`-Isc Is≠ØpI, Ah¿°v Bh-iy-amb t{]m’ml\w \¬Ip-I, kwcw-`-I-Xz-kw-kvImcw bph-P\ - ß - f - n¬ Du´n-bp-d∏ - n-°p-I XpS-ßnb e£y-߃ ap≥\n¿Øn Be∏pg sk‚ v tPmk^vkv tImtf-Pn¬ 2006 P\p-hcn 7˛mw XobXn C.Un ¢_v {]h¿Ø-\-am-cw-`n-®p. ap≥ {]n≥kn-∏mƒ tUm knÿ A≥km amXyp, tUm.- an-\n-tamƒ.-Fw.kn F∂n-hcpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ cq]wsIm≠ ¢∫ns‚ Hu]-Nm-cn-Ia - mb DZvLm-S\w Fkv.U - n.- tImtfPv sImtagvkv hn`mKw Atkm-kn-tb‰v s{]m^-k¿ tUm. \ - S- c - mPv Aø¿ \n¿∆-ln-

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

kwcw`IXz¢∫ns‚ cwKØp amXrIm]camb Ht´sd {]h¿Ø\߃ ImgvNh® Hcp IemebamWv Be-∏pg sk‚ v tPmk^vkv h\nXm tImsfPv. ]Xn\mbncØntesd cq]bpsS DXv∏∂߃ hn‰gn® hnhn[ DXv∏mZ\bqWn‰pIƒ°p cq]w sImSpØn´p≈ Cu ¢∫v ]eXcw sXmgn¬ ]cnioe\ßfpw kwcw`IXzt_m[hXv°cW ]cn]mSnIfpw kwLSn∏n®n´p≠v.

\msfbpsS \mºpIƒ

P\p-hcn 2012

23


®p. 2008, HIvtSm-_¿ 22-˛mw Xob-Xn, hyhkmb hmWnPy UbdŒtd‰ns‚ Iogn¬ cPn-ÿ sNbvXv (cPn. \w. EDC/ALPA/ 07/2008) {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ A∂sØ tIm˛-Hm¿Un-t\-‰d- m-bn-cp tUm. -kp-eo-\ -hn.-Fkns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ Xzcn-X-K-Xn-bn¬ apt∂-dp-Ib - p-≠m-bn. {]mcw-`Z- i-bn¬ tImta-gk v ,v lnÃdn hn`mK-ßf - nse GXm\pw hnZym¿∞n-If - p-ambn Bcw-`n® ¢∫v C∂v as‰√m hn`m-Kß - f - n-sebpw hnZym-¿∞ - n-\n-If - m¬ kº∂am-W.v ¢∫ns‚ {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ°v th≠ t{]m’m-l\ - hpw klmbhpw \¬In-hc - p∂-Xv {]n≥kn-∏mƒ tUm.- kn-ÿ Pm\‰v AKÃn≥, sImtagvkv hn`mKw ta[mhn tUm.- do‰ eX Unt°mtØm, ÃpU‚ v Iho\¿ inev] Gbv©¬ Fn-hc - m-Wv. Cu cwKsØ Nne {][m\ apt∂- ‰ - ß ƒ Xmsg tN¿°p∂p:

\hm-K-X¿°p-ff t_m[-h-Xv°-cWw tPmk-^n-b≥ IpSpw-_Ø - n-te°v IS∂-ph - cp∂ bph-P\ kplr- Ø p- ° ƒ°v kwcw- ` - I Xz Iq´m- b v a - s b- ° p- d n- ® pw C∂sØ temI-Øn¬ AXns‚ {]m[m-\y-sØ-°p-dn®pw a\ n-em-°p--Xn-\mbn C.Un. ¢∫v tIm˛-Hm¿Un-t\-‰d- mb knÿ. Dj B‚Wn ¢ms -Sp-Øp.

kwcw-`-IXz skan-\m¿

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

tPmk-^n-b≥ Iem-eb - Ø - n¬h-®v ‘hnZym¿∞n-\n-If - nse kwcw-`I - Xz hnZym-`ym-kØ - ns‚ Bh-iy-IX - , {]m[m\yw’ F∂

24

hnj- b sØ ASn- ÿ m- \ - a m°n hyhkmbhnIk\ DtZymKÿ≥ APnXv Ipam¿ ¢m v FSp-°p-Ib - p-≠m-bn.

Be-∏pg Pn√m hyh-kmb tI{µw kµ¿i\w kwcw-`-I¿°v klmb kl-I-c-W-߃ \¬In-h-cp∂ Be-∏pg Pn√m hyh-kmb tI{µw kµ¿in-°p-hm\pw AhnSpsØ {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ I≠-dn-bp-hm\pw AwK-߃°v km[n-

Iymcn-_mKv \n¿ΩmWw, c≠mw h¿j _n.tImw hnZym¿∞n-\n-bmb s\¬a tdmkv t\m¿as‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ \S-Ønb _oUv h¿°v, \ocP h¿§o-kns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Ønse t{Imsj- h¿°v F∂nh hn]-W\km≤y-X G-dn-b-Xm-bn-cp∂-p. hfsc Ipd™ apX¬apS- ° n¬ \n¿Ωn- ° pIbpw \√ em`w t\Sm≥ km[n- ° p- I bpw sNbvX anI® Bi-b-߃ Bbn-cp∂p _oUv h¿°v, t{Imsj h¿°v F∂nh.

®p. \mfn-Xp-hsc F√m-hn[ klm-b-˛-k-l-I-c-W-ßfpw \¬Inb Pn√m hyh-kmb tI{µ-Ønse P\d¬ amt\-P¿, FIvÃ≥j≥ Hm^o-k¿, {]tXy-Ia - mbn Ct∏m-gsØ P\-d¬ amt\- P ¿ apl- Ω - Z vIp™v, ‰n.- F w.- k p- K - X ≥ hyhkmbhnIk\ DtZymKÿ≥ Fn-hsc Cu Ah-k-cØn¬ \µn- t bmsS Hm¿°p∂- p . ¢∫ns‚ {]h¿Ø- \ ߃°mbn \¬Inb 12,000 cq] I¿Ω-]c - n-]m-Sn-Iƒ IqSp-X¬ thK-Øn-em-°p-hm≥ klm-bn®p F∂Xpw Cub-h-k-cØn¬ {]m[m-\y-a¿ln-°p∂-p. kµ¿i-\m-hk - c - Ø - n¬ hyh-kmb tI{µ-Ønse C≥Ukv{Sn-b¬ FIvÃ≥j≥ Hm^o-k¿ {]k-∂s‚ t\Xr-XzØn¬ t{]mPIvSv dnt∏m¿´v Xøm-dm-°p--Xn-\p-ff ]cn-io-e\w e`n°p-Ibpw AtXm-sSm∏w Be-∏pg Pn√-bn¬\n∂p ka¿∏n°-s∏-´n-´p-ff t{]mPIvSv dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ ho£n-°p--Xn\pw hyXykvX-ß-fmb t{]mPIvSv Bi-b-ß-sf-°p-dn®v a\- n-em-°p-Xn\pw AwK-߃°v km[n-®p. Cu h¿jw hyhkmb hmWnPy UbdŒtd‰v kµ¿i\-th-f-bn¬ C≥U-kv{Sokv FIvkv-‰≥j≥ Hm^o-k¿ sI.F- k v.- hn- \ - b - I p- a m¿ Fw.Fkv.Fw.C. \nbahpw h\nXmkwcw`Icpw F∂ hn-jbsØ Bkv]Z- a - m°n skan\m¿ \bn-®p. P\p-hcn 2012


hyh-kmb bqWn‰v kµ¿i\w GsXmcp hyh-kmb bqWn-‰n\pw amXr-Ib - m-°m-hp∂ XcØn¬, Akw-kvIrX hkvXp-°-fpsS t{kmX- p-Iƒ, aqeyh¿≤\{]{In-b, sXmgn-em-fn-If - psS k¿Km-flI - X - , Dev]ß -- f - psS KpW-ta∑, amen\ykwkv°c - Ww Fn-hbv°v {]m[m\yw\¬In {]h¿Øn-®p-hc - p∂ ÿm]\ßfnsem∂mb ]mw ss^_dns‚ Ie-hq¿ bqWn‰v kµ¿in-°p-hm≥ km[n®Xv Ahn-kva-c-Wob-amb A\p-`h - a - m-bn.

t]∏¿ Iymcn-_mKv \n¿ΩmW]cn-io-e\w t]∏¿ Iymcn-_m-Kns‚ \n¿Ωm-WØ - n-\mbn BZyw ¢∫nse 10 AwK-߃ ]cn-io-e\w t\Sn. km¥z\ kzbw-k-lm-b-kwL-Ønse tdmkΩ F∂ {]Xn-\n-[n-bpsS klm-b-tØm-sSbmWv AwK-߃ Iymcn-_mKv \n¿Ωm-W-Øn¬ sshZKv≤yw t\Sn-bX - .v BZy-L´- Ø - n¬ \n¿Ωn® 20 Iymcn-_m-Kp-IfpsS hn]W-t\m-ZvLm-S\w {]n≥kn-∏¬ tUm.- kn-ÿ Pm\‰v AK-Ãn\p \¬In-s°m≠v \n¿∆ln®p.

^pUv s^Ãv

kvIn¬ sjb-dnwKv t^mdw anj≥ ktU {]h¿Ø- \ - ß - f n¬ hyXy- k v X - a mb \n¿ΩmW{]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ {]mK¤yw {]I-Sn-∏n® Ip´n-Ifn¬\n∂v B ss\]p-Wn-Iƒ t\Sm-\p-ff a‰v AwK-ßfpsS B{K-l-Øns‚ ^e-am-bmWv cq]hXv°-cn-°-s∏-´-Xv. Ip´nIƒXs∂ Ip´n-Iƒ°v Adnhp ]I-cp-Ibpw ]cn-io-e\]cn]m-Sn-Iƒ \S-Øn-h-cn-Ibpw sNøp∂p. t]∏¿ Iymcn-_mKv \n¿ΩmWw, _oUv h¿°v, t{Imsj h¿°v, kv{Io≥ {]n‚nwKv Fn-h-bmWv Cu t^md-Øn-eqsS ]I¿∂p\¬I-s∏-Sp∂ ss\]p-Wn-Iƒ.

`mhn ]≤-Xn-Iƒ Be-∏p-gb - nse ]p∂{]bnep≈ C≥U-kv{Sn-b¬ FtÉv kµ¿i\w kao] lb¿ sk°-≥Udn kvIqfp-If - n¬ C.Un. ¢∫v cq]hXv°c - n-°p∂Xn-\p-ff t\XrXzw hln-°¬. C.Un. ¢∫v tIm˛-Hm¿Un-t\-‰dmWp teJnI

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hyh-kmbtIcfw

C.Un. ¢∫v AwK-߃°v Ah-cpsS kwcw-`I - Xz ss\]pWn-Iƒ Xncn-®d- n-bp-hm-\pw Ah Atß-b‰w {]tbm-P\ - s - ∏-SpØp-hm\pw e`n® \s√mcp thZn-bm-bn-cpp anj≥ ktU ]cn]m-Sn. ¢∫v AwK-߃ sNdp bqWn-‰p-I-fmbn Xncn™v hn]W\km≤y-X-I-sf-°p-dn®pw AXn¬ sIm≠p-h-cm-hp∂ \ho\-XI - s - f-°p-dn®pw N¿®-Iƒ \S-Øp-Ib - p-≠m-bn. AtXØpS¿v `£y-h-kvXp-°-fpsS hn]-W-\w, _oUv h¿°v DXv∏ß -- ƒ, t]∏¿ Iymcn-_mKv F∂n-hb - psS hn]-W\w Hmtcm bpWn‰pw Xnc-s™-Sp-Øp. `£yhkvXp-°f - psS hn]-W\ - Ø - n-eq-sSbpw \ho\ Nn¥mK-Xn-bn-eq-sSbpw hn]-W\X{¥-ßf - n-eq-sSbpw GI-tZiw 10,500 cq]-tbmfw tiJ-cn-°p-hm≥ km[n-®p. Iymcn-_mKv \n¿ΩmWw t]mseXs∂ {i≤-bm-I¿jn® as‰m∂-v, c≠mw h¿j _n.tImw hnZym¿∞n-\n-bmb s\¬a tdmkv t\m¿as‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ \S-Ønb _oUv h¿°v Bbn-

cp∂p. AXp-t]mse \ocP h¿§o-kns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Ønse t{Imsj- h¿°pw hn]-W\km≤y-X G-dn-b-Xm-bn-cp∂-p. hfsc Ipd™ apX¬apS-°n¬ \n¿Ωn-°p-Ibpw \√ em`w t\Sm≥ km[n-°p-Ibpw sNbvX anI® Bi-b-߃ Bbncpp _oUv h¿°v, t{Imsj h¿°v F∂nh. `£y-hk - vXp-°f - psS hn]-W\ - Ø - n-\mbn R߃ sXcs™-SpØ hn`-hß - ƒ Bscbpw sImXn-∏n-°p--hb - m-bn-cp∂p. \yqUn¬kv, km≥Uvhn®v, ISve-‰v, {^q´v kme-Uv, I∏bpw apf-Ipw, D∂bv° Aßs\ \ofp∂p B \nc... Gh-tcbpw BI¿jn® as‰m∂v \mS≥ cpNn-bpsS Ie-hd Xpd∂ X´p-IS-bm-bn-cp∂-p. ]c-am-h[n Nnehp Ipd-bv°pI F∂ e£ytØmsS an°-hmdpw hn`-h-߃Xs∂ AwKß-fpsS `h-\ß-fn¬ Xøm-dm-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂-p. AwK-ß-fpsS lrZ-bØns‚ DƒØ-´p-I-fn¬ ab-ßn-°n-S∂ ss\]pWnIsf sXm´p-W¿Øm≥ e`n® Ah-kcw hfsc {]tbm-P-\-s∏-SpØm≥ km[n-®p.

P\p-hcn 2012

25


hym]m-c-ta-f-Iƒ cmPym¥c hym]mctafbn¬ H∂mw ÿm\w t\Snb tIcfØn\pth≠n kz¿ÆsaU¬ sF B≥Uv ]nB¿Un UbdŒ¿ C≥ Nm¿Pv F. ^ntdmkv G‰phmßp∂p.

C¥y≥ cmPym¥c hym]mctaf 2011

ho≠pw tIcfw hyhkmb-hmWnPy hIp∏n\v H∂mw kΩm\w √nbnse {]KXn ssaXm\Øp \hw_¿ 14 apX¬ 27 hsc \S∂ 31-maXv C¥y≥ cmPym¥c hym]mctafbn¬ C°pdnbpw tIcfØns‚ ]henb≥ kz¿ÆsaU¬ t\Sn. ]henb\nse G‰hpw anI® Ãmfn\p≈ kΩm\w hyhkmb-hmWnPy hIp∏pw Icÿam°n. 17 tImSntbmfw cq]bpsS hym]mcmt\zjWßfpw tIcfØn\p e`n®p. ‘C¥y≥ IcIuiew: A\pKrloX IcßfpsS ambmPmew’ (Indian Handicrafts: the Magic of Gifted

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

Zn

26

cmPym¥c hym]mctafbn¬ tIcf ]henb\nse anI® Ãmfn\p≈ kΩm\w sF B≥Uv ]nB¿Un UbdŒ¿ C≥ Nm¿Pv F. ^ntdmkv hyhkmb-hmWnPy tPmbn‚ v UbdŒ¿ tPm¿÷v tXmakn\p kΩm\n°p∂p.

hyhkmb-hmWnPy hIp∏ns‚ ]h-en-b≥ P\p-hcn 2012


ssIØdn hIp∏ns‚ Ãmƒ

P\p-hcn 2012

Ib¿ hIp∏ns‚ Ãmƒ

Ic-Iu-i-e-h-kvXp-°-fpsS Ãmƒ

vyavasayakeralam

hyhkmb-hmWnPy hIp∏ns‚ Ãmƒ

Ib¿s^Uns‚ Ãmƒ

hyh-kmbtIcfw

Hands) F∂ hnjbØn¬ kwLSn∏n® tafbn¬ hyhkmb-hmWnPy hIp∏n\p ]pdsa, ssIØdnsSIvssì, Ib¿, Sqdnkw, h\w-h\yPohn F∂o hIp∏pIfpw ^mw C≥^¿taj≥ _yqtdmbpw ]s¶SpØp. k¿°m¿ hIp∏pIfpw s]mXptaJemÿm]\ßfpw kq£va-sNdpInS-CSØcw kwcw`Icpw Hs°bmbn BsI 57 ]¶mfnIƒ. IcIuie DXv∏∂ßfn¬ am{XamWv CØhW hIp∏v Du∂nbXv . hnhn[ Pn√Ifn¬\n∂p≈ DXv∏∂߃, hntijn®pw hb\m´n¬\n∂p≈ apf DXv ∏ ∂߃, at\mlcambn {IaoIcns®mcp°nb ]henb≥ kµ¿iIcpsS apgph≥ a\w Ih¿∂p. apJya{¥nbpw CXns\ {]tXyIw A`n\µn®p. taf kwLSn∏n® C¥ym t{SUv s^b¿ Hm¿Kss\tkjs‚ {]tXyI A`n\µ\hpw {IaoIcWØn\p e`n®p. apf, Xg, ss{U ^vfh¿, s_¬ sa‰¬, acw, Ib¿, ssIØdn DXv∏∂߃, Bd∑pf°ÆmSn XpSßnbhbv°v Imcyamb hym]mcmt\zjW߃ D≠mbn. tIcfØn\pth≠n kz¿ÆsaU¬ C≥^¿taj≥]ªnIv dntej≥kv hIp∏v UbdŒdpsS NpaXe hln°p∂ F. ^ntdmkv G‰phmßn. hyhkmbhmWnPy hIp∏n\p≈ kΩm\w tafbn¬ hIp∏ns‚ kv s ]jy¬ Hm^ok¿IqSn Bbncp∂ tPmbn‚ v UbdŒ¿ tPm¿÷v tXmakpw kzoIcn®p.

27


hym]m-c-ta-f-Iƒ

apfbpsS hnkvabtemIw Hcp°n

_mw_qs^Ãv 2011

sIm

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

®n Ieqcnse Phml¿em¬ s\{lp cmPym¥c tÃUnbØn¬ kwLSn∏n® Cu h¿jsØ _mw_qs^Ãv Bbnc°W°n\p kµ¿iIsc BI¿jn®p. Unkw_¿ F´n\p sshIn´v A©n\p sIm®n tab¿ tSmWn NΩWnbpsS A≤y£Xbn¬ FIvsskkv-XpdapJ a{¥n sI. _m_p _mw_qs^Ãv DZvLmS\w sNbvXp. ssl_n CuU≥ FwF¬F, OØokvKUv _mw_q anj≥ UbdŒ¿ ZnhmI¿ an{i, Akw UnF^vH: Zneo]v Zmkv, Pn√m hyhkmbtI{µw P\d¬ amt\P¿ ]n. inh{]kmZv F∂nh¿ Biwk t\¿∂ NSßn\v hyhkmb-hmWnPy UbdŒ¿ Sn. H. kqcPv kzmKXhpw sI_n]v knCH: hn. cmPtKm]m¬ \µnbpw ]d™p. (hniZamb dnt∏m¿´pw IqSpX¬ Nn{Xßfpw ASpØe°Øn¬)

28

P\p-hcn 2012


hym]m-c-ta-f-Iƒ

]´-Øm\w {ioI-WvT≥

hym]m-c-ta-f-Iƒ°p Xne-I-°p-dn-bmbv

]m

P\p-hcn 2012

I©n-t°mSv C≥U-k{- Sokv t^mdw I©n-t°mSv hyh-kmb taJ-eb - n-ep≈ h≥InS CS-Øcw sNdp-InS kqjva hyh-kmb ÿm]-\-ß-fpsS Iq´m-bvabmbn {]h¿Øn-°p∂p. Bƒ C≥Uym amt\-Pvsa‚ v Atkm-kn-tb-js‚ imJbmb ]me-°mSv amt\-Ps v a‚ v Atkm-kntb-j≥, amt\-Pvsa‚ v Xe-Øn-ep≈ anI® {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpw \S-Øp-∂p. hyh-km-bhpw amt\-Pvsa‚pw tIm¿ØnW-°p∂ c≠v s{]m^-j-W¬ thZnIfmWv C≥Uv FIvkt]mbpsS kwLmSI¿. ap∏-Xn-\m-bn-c-Øn¬∏cw NXp-c{i ASn ÿeØv kºq¿Æambn ioXoIcn® {]Z¿i- \ \Kcnbn¬ sNdpXpw he-Xp-amb 175 Ãmfp-I-fmWv kPo- I - c n- ® n- c p- ∂ - X v . CXn¬ tI{µ

kwÿm\ Kh¨sa‚pIfp- s Sbpw kzImcy ÿm]-\ß - f - p-sSbpw ÃmfpIƒ D≠m- b n- c p- ∂ p. sF.- F - k v . - B ¿.- H ., s_a¬, `mcXv slhn Ce-I{v Sn°¬ enan‰Uv, C≥Uy≥ sdbn¬sh, sIm®n≥ dnss^- \ - d o- k v , ae- _ m¿ kna‚ v k v , C≥kv{Spsa-t‚-j≥, ImwtIm, tIcf tÉv C≥U-kv{Sokv sUh-e-∏vsa‚ v tIm¿∏td-j≥ F∂n-hbpsS Ãmfp-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-\p-]p-dsa alm-cm-j{v S, ]©m-_,v KpP-dm-Øv, B{‘m{]tZ-iv, ]›n-a-_wKmƒ, I¿Æm- S - I , Xan- g v \ mSv F∂o kwÿm-\-ß-fnse h≥InSÿm]-\ßfpw C≥Uv FIvkt]mbn¬ ]¶m-fnI-fm-bn. ]me-°m-Sns‚ kºq¿Æ hyh-kmb-h¬°-c-W-sa∂ Bi-Øn-\p-]p-dsa

vyavasayakeralam

e-°mSv Pn√-bpsS hymhkm-bnI]ptcm-KXn e£yan´v \S∂ \mep-ZnhksØ “C≥Uv FIvkt]m tIcf 2011” -{]Z¿i\w Cu taJ- e - b nse ]pØ≥ DW¿hns‚ t\¿°m-gvN-bm-bn. CµncmKm‘n tÃUnbw ]cn-k-csØ ssaXm\n-bn¬ \hw-_¿ 24, 25, 26, 27 Xnø-Xn-Ifn-em-bn-cp∂p {]Z¿i-\w. Pn√- b nse c≠v {]apJ hyhkmbm\p-_‘ kwLS\Ifmb I©nt°mSv C≥U-kv{Sokv t^mdhpw ]me°mSv amt\-Pvsa‚ v Atkm-kn-tb-j\pw kwbp‡-am-bmWv AXn-_r-lØmb C≥Uv FIvkt]m kwL-Sn-∏n-®X - .v \m\q‰≥]-Xn¬∏cw hyh-kmbÿm]-\-ßfpsS {]mXn- \ n[yw Ccp- k w- L - S - \ Iƒ°pw D-≠v.

hyh-kmbtIcfw

C≥Uv FIvkvt]m

29


A\p_‘hyhkmb߃ XpSßm≥ tZiob s]mXptaJebpsS ]n¥pW ¿Æq-cnepw ]pXp-t»-cn-bnepw \n¿Ωn°p∂ _lp-\ne C≥U-kv{Sn-b¬ FtÃ-‰p-If - psS Xd-°√ - n-S¬ NSßv aq∂p amk-Øn-\p-≈n¬ \S°psa∂v hyhkmba{¥n ]n.sI Ip™m-en-°p´n ]d™p. “C≥Uv FIvkt]m tIcf 2011” s‚ DZvLm-S\ - ®N-Sß - n-te°v Ab® ktµi-Øn-emWv a{¥n C°mcyw shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bX - .v ae-∏pdw Pn√-bnse apJy-a{¥n D-Ω≥Nm-≠n-bpsS P\-k-º¿°]-cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-t°-≠n-bn-cp-∂X - n-\memWv a{¥n°v DZvLm-S\®S-ßn¬ FØm≥ Ignbm™-Xv. ]Xn-s\m∂v tImSn- cq] sNe-hn¬ ]me-°ms´ In≥{^-bpsS C≥U-kv{Sn-b¬ B≥Uv sSIvssì ]m¿°n¬ ÿm]n-°p∂ Ãm≥tU¿Uv Unssk≥ ^mŒdn-bn¬ Hcp e£w NXpc{i ASn ÿew hkvt{Xmev∏\\n¿ΩnXn°mbn \o°nhbv°pw.- sN-dpInS hyhkmb kwcw-`-߃°mbn as‰mcp Adp-]-Xn-\m-bncw NXpc{i ASnbpw ChnsS Xøm-dm-Ipw. ]me-°mSv I©nt°mSv taJebnse Du¿÷{]Xn-k‘n ]cn-lc - n-°p-∂Xn\pw Pee-`yX Dd∏phcp-Øp-∂X - n\pw ASn-b¥ - c\S]Sn kzoI-cn-°pw. _n.-C.-Fw.-F¬. bqWn-‰n-te-°p≈ sdbn¬ tdmUv \n¿Ωm-W-Øn-\mbn 47 tImSn cq]bpw \o°n sh®n-´p-s≠∂pw a{¥n ]n.sI Ip™m-en-°p´n ktµ-iØ - n¬ ]d-™p. c≠mw Znhkw \S∂ skan- \ m¿ ]me- ° mSv

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

sjm

30

kmaqly {]Xn-_≤ - X IqSn kwLm-SI - ¿ {]Z¿i-\Ø - n-eqsS \ndth- ‰ n. CXns‚ ASn- ÿ m- \ - Ø n¬ C≥Uv FIvkt]mbv°pth≠n Hcp-°nb Ãmfp-If - psS ]Xn\©v iXam\w ]c-º-cm-KX sXmgn-ep-Isf B{i-bn®p \S-Øp∂ sNdpInS hyh-km-bß - ƒ, Im¿jnI taJ-esb B{i-bn-°p∂ sNdpInS kwcw-`ß - ƒ F∂n-hb - psS D∂-a\ - Ø - n-\mbn kn.-Fk - .v B - ¿.]-≤X - n-bn¬ Dƒs∏-SpØn kuP\yambn \¬In. {]Z¿i-\Ø - n¬ ]s¶-SpØ 175 Ãmfp-If - n¬ H∂mw ÿm\w e`n-®Xv I©nt°ms´ ]b-\n-b¿ dq^n-ßn-\m-Wv. ta¬°qc \n¿ΩmW kma-{Kn-Iƒ, HmSv F∂nhbmWv {][m\ D¬∏-∂ß - ƒ. Ce-Ivt{Sm-Wn°v D¬∏-∂-߃ \n¿Ωn-°p∂ kn\n-t°m-Wn\v c≠mw ÿm\hpw Ib- ‰ p- a - X n- ° p≈ ta¬Øcw Ão¬ ImÃnwKvkv \n¿Ωn-°p∂ ]n.-sI.-Ão¬ ImÃnw-Kvkn-\p aq∂mw ÿm\hpw e`n®p.

km[m-cW {]Z¿i\thf-If - nset∏mse D¬∏∂߃ hn‰gn-°m≥ C≥Uv FIvkt]mbn¬ Ah-kcw Hcp-°n-bncp-∂n-√. F∂m¬ kwcw-`I - ¿°v Xß-fpsS D¬∏-∂ß - ƒ°v hn]Wn Is≠-Øp-∂-Xn\pw ÿm]\w hn]p-eo-I-cn-°p-∂Xn\pw Gsd Ah-kcw e`n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. AXn¬ G‰hpw {][m-\s - ∏-´X - m-bn-cp∂p sh≠¿ sUh-e∏ - vsa‚ v ao‰v. C≥Uy≥ sdbn¬sh, `mcXv slhn CeIv{Sn-°¬ enan-‰U - v, s_a¬, C≥kv{Spsa-t‚-j≥, ImwtIm F∂o ÿm]-\ß - ƒ sh≠¿ Uh-e-∏vsa‚ v ao‰n¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øp. CXn-eqsS sNdpInS hyh-km-bn-Iƒ°v h≥InS Iº\nIfp-ambn hym]mc _‘w ÿm]n-°m≥ Ign-™p. hnhn[ hnj-bß - sf°pdn®v hnZ-Kv≤¿ ]s¶-SpØ skan-\mdpw {]tbmP\Icambn-cp-∂p. \nehn¬ kwÿm-\sØ c≠m-asØ hyhkmbPn√bmWv ]me-°mSv. BhiyØn\v ÿehpw sshZyp-Xnbpw e`y- a mb Pn√- b n¬ tImb- º - Ø q- c ns‚ kman]yhpw bm{XkuI-cyhpw IW-°n-se-Sp-Øm¬ H∂mw ÿm\Øv FØm- \ p≈ F√m km≤y- X - I - f p- a p- ≠ v. C≥Uv FIvkt]mbneqsS B e£ywIqSn k^-ea - m-°m-\p≈ {iaØn-emWv hyhm-k-bn-Iƒ. tIcfw hyh-kmbkulrZ kwÿm-\a - √ - ∂ {]Nm-cWw icn-b√ - ∂pw adn®v hyh-kmbw XpS-ßp-∂X - n\v A\p-tbm-Py-amb kwÿm-\ß - f - n¬ H∂m-Wv tIcfsa∂v sXfn-bn-°p-∂X - n\pw Ign™p. Pn√-bnse P\-{]-Xn-\n-[nIfpw DtZym-Kÿ - t- a-[m-hn-Ifpw C≥Uv FIvkt]mbpsS hnhn[ ]cn-]m-Sn-If - n¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øp. P\p-hcn 2012


_lp\ne hyhkmb FtÉpIƒ°v DS≥ Xd°√nSpw ˛ a{¥n ]n.-sI.-Ip-™m-en-°p´n

cmhnse ]Øp apX¬ Hcp aWn hsc _nkn-\ v kµ¿i-I¿°v am{X-am-bncp∂p {]thi\w. D®°v Hcp aWn°ptijw s]mXp- P - \ - ß ƒ°v kuP\y{]th-i-\hpw \¬In. F√m Znh-khpw sshIp-t∂cw {]Z¿i\\Kdn¬ hnhn[ Iem- ] - c n- ] m- S n- I fpw AhXcn∏n-®p. hyh-kmb kwcw-`-I¿°pw hyhkmbw XpS- ß m≥ B{K- l n- ° p- ∂ h¿°pw Gsd klm-b-I-am-bn-cp∂p tIcf tÉv C≥U- k v{Sokv sUhe∏vsa‚ v tIm¿∏-td-js‚ Ãmƒ. \ne-hn-ep≈ hyh-kmbw hn]p-e-s∏-SpØp-∂-Xn\pw ]pXn-bXv Bcw-`n-°p-∂Xn\pw \nc-h[n t]¿ tIcf tÉv C≥Ukv{Sokv sUh-e∏ - s v a‚ v tIm¿∏-td-js‚ Ãmfn-seØn am¿§-\n¿t±-iß - ƒ tXSn. _m¶v hmbv] a‰v kmt¶-XnIImcy-߃ F∂n-hbv°v XpS¿ klm-bk - l - I - cWw A[n-IrXcn-¬\n∂v kwcw-`-I¿°v Dd∏mbn-´p-≠.vtI-{µ-K-h¨sa‚ v ÿm]-\-amb sF.-Fk - v.B - ¿.-H.-bpsS Ãmƒ {]Z¿i\

\K-dn¬ Gsd {it≤-b-am-bn-cp-∂p. cmPysØ {]Ya km‰sse‰v tem©nwKv shln°nƒ apX¬ `mhn-bn¬ _ln-cm-Imi bm{Xbv°v D]-tbm-Kn-°m-hp∂ kvt]kv j´n¬ hsc-bp≈hbpsS amXr-II - ƒ {]Z¿in-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. s]mXp-P\ - ß - fpw {]tXyIn®v hnZym¿∞n-Ifpw G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ ImgvN°mcmbn FØnb Ãmfp-If - n¬ H∂v CXm-bn-cp-∂p. {]Xn-tcm[hIp-∏ns‚ ÿm]-\a - mb I©n-t°ms´ s_a-ens‚ Ãmfnse G‰hpw henb BI¿j-Wa - m-bn-cp-∂p Bt´m-am‰n°v tdmUv ¢o\nwKv b{¥w. cmPyØv BZy-

P\p-hcn 2012

vyavasayakeralam

C.F¬. AUo-jW - ¬ P\-d¬ amt\-P¿ Sn.-hn.-IrjvW\pw ]d-™p. kwÿm- \ sØ Du¿÷taJ- e bnse {]Xn- k ‘n ]cn- l - c n- ° m≥ kutcm¿P-Øn-s‚bpw Im‰n¬ \n∂p≈ sshZyp-Xn-bp-tSbpw km≤y-X-Iƒ D]tbm- K - s ∏- S p- Ø - W - s a∂v {]kn≤ Du¿÷imkv{X-⁄\pw A\¿´ns‚ ap≥ UbdŒ-dp-amb tUm: B¿.-hn.-Pn.-tat\m≥ ]d-™p. tIc-f-Ønse Du¿÷_- Z - e p- I ƒ F∂ skan- \ m- d n¬ apJy{]`mjWw \S-Øp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p At±-lw. Du¿PtaJ-e-bnse kmt¶XnI{]h¿Ø-Icpw amt\-Pvsa‚ v hnZKv[cpw ]s¶-SpØ skan-\m¿ C≥Uv FIvkvt]m P\-d¬ I¨ho-\¿ sI.-]¶ - Pm-£≥ DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. I©nt°mSv C≥U-kv{Sokv t^mdw P\d¬ sk{I-´dn sI.-kP - o-hI v p-am¿, kwLm-SI kanXn tPmbn‚ v I¨ho-\dpw sIm®n≥ ]∆¿ tI_nƒkv amt\-PnwKv Ub-dŒ - d- pamb kp\n¬ tPmk^v F∂n-hcpw kwkm-cn-®p. KqUvkv B≥Uv k¿∆okv

hyh-kmbtIcfw

SmIvkv, C≥U-kv{Sn-b¬ tk^v‰n F∂o hnj-b-ßsf°pdn®pw skan-\m¿ \S∂p. Irjnsb kwcw-`a - m-°m-\p≈ hnjbsØ∏‰n- \SØnb Im¿jnI skan\m¿ arK-kw-c-£-W-h-Ip∏v Akn- v Ub- d - Œ ¿ tUmŒ¿ ipt≤mZ- \ ≥ DZvLmS\w sNbvXp. BsI Ggv skan\m-dp-If - mWv \S∂Xv. cmPysØ £ochnπ- h - Ø n\v t\XrXzw \¬Inb tUmŒ¿ Ipcys‚ sXmÆqdmw P∑-Zn-\t- Øm-S\ - p-_‘ - n-®m-bncp∂p Im¿jnI skan-\m¿. Im¿jnI Pn√-bmb ]me-°m´v Irjnbpw hyh-kmbhpw ssItIm¿Øv apt∂-dp-I-bm-Wv Bh-iy-sa∂v hy‡-am-°p-∂X - m-bn-cp∂p I¿jnI]¶m-fnØwsIm≠v kPo-ha - mb skan-\m¿. s\√n-s‚bpw ]men-s‚bpw D¬∏m-Z\ - Ø - n¬ kwÿm-\Øv ap∂n´p \n¬°p∂ ]me-°mSv Pn√ hyh-kmb taJ-eb - nepw kao]`mhn-bn¬ H∂m-aXv FØp-sa-∂-Xns‚ kqN\IqSn- B-bncp∂p I¿jI skan\m¿.-

sdbn¬sh Unhn- j - W ¬ amt\- P ¿ Fkv.-sI.-ssdbv\ DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. sdbn¬th-bpsS dnk¿®v Unssk≥ B≥Uv Ãm‚-tUUv Hm¿K-ssW-tkj(RDSO)-t‚bpw s]cºq¿ C‚-{K¬ tIm®p ^mŒ-dn(ICF)-bn-tebpw D∂X DtZym-Kÿ - ¿ skan-\m-dn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øp. B¿.- U n.- F - k v.- H . aqhm- b n- c hpw, sF.Fkv.-F^v. Ggm-bn-chpw A\p_‘ D]-I-c-W-߃ ]pdta\n∂mWv hmßp-∂X - v. CXn¬ Ccp-]Ø - n-b©v iXam-\hpw sNdp-InShyh-km-bn-Iƒ D¬∏mZn-]n-°p-∂-h-bm-Wv. tIcfØn¬\n∂v H∂p-t]mepw hmßp-∂n-√. sdbn¬thbv°pth≠n D]-I-c-W-߃ \n¿Ωn°m≥ tIcfØnse hyh-km-bn-Iƒ Xøm-dm-bm¬ kl-I-cn-°m-sa∂v _‘s∏´ DtZym-Kÿ - ¿ Dd∏p \¬In. `mcXv slhn Ce-Iv{Sn-°¬kv enan‰- U n(BHEL)\v Bh- i y- a p≈ kma{KnIƒ tIc-f-Ønse hyh-km-bnIƒ \n¿Ωn-®m¬ hmßp-sa∂v skan\mdn¬ ]s¶-SpØ {Sn®n.-_n.-F-®v.-

31


Du¿t÷m]-tbm-K-Øn¬ ]pXnb ]co-£-W-hp-ambn hnZym¿∞n-\n-Iƒ

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

Du¿t÷m]-tbm-K-Øn¬ DØa amXr-I-bm-bn-cp∂p C≥Uv FIvkvt]m {]Z¿i-\Ø - n¬ ]me-°ms´ Kh¨sa‚ v tamb≥ tKƒkv lb¿ sk°≥Udn kv°qfns‚ Ãmƒ. ^m\ns‚ bm{¥ntIm¿÷sØ sshZyptXm¿÷am°n am‰n ho´nse a‰v sshZypXn D]-I-c-W-߃ {]h¿Øn-∏n-°p-I-sb∂ Bi-b-amWv tamb≥ kv°qfnse hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ Ah-Xc - n-∏n-®X - v. aq∂p ^m\p≈ ho´n¬ Hcp Znhkw F´v aWn-°q¿ ^m≥ D]-tbm-Kn-°ptºmƒ c≠v amksØ Id‚ v _n√n¬ 7.2 bqWn‰v sshZypXn D]-tbmKw Ipdbv°p-sa∂v hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ Ah-Im-is - ∏-Sp-∂p. Cßs\ kw`-cn-°s - ∏-Sp∂ Du¿÷w _m‰-dn-bn-te°v sshZyp-Xn-bmbn ]cn-h¿Øn°s∏Sp-w. AXv Km¿lnIm-hiy-Øn\v D]-tbmKn°msa∂v Ah¿ hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p. 40 hm´vkns‚ Syq_vsse‰v Hcp aWn-°qdpw 11 hm´vkns‚ kn.-F-^v.-F¬. c≠v aWn-°qdpw {]h¿Øn-∏n-°m≥ tijn-bp-≈-Xm-Wv kw`-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂ Du¿÷w. {]Z¿i-\Øn-eqsS πkvSp hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ AhcpsS I≠p-]n-Sp-ØØ - ns‚ km≤y-XI - ƒ tXSp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. {]Z¿i\w ImWm-s\-Ønb F√mhcp-tSbpw {]iwk ]nSn®p]‰m\pw hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°v Ign-™p.

32

ambn \n¿Ωn-®X - m-Wo-b{- ¥w. AXn-th-KØn¬ tdmUv ipNo-I-cn-°p∂ b{¥Øns‚ {]h¿Ø\w P\-߃°v a\- nem-°m≥ am{X-a√ ipNn-Xzm-h-t_m[w D≠m-°m\pw Ign-™p. {]Xn-tcm[ Bhiy-߃°p]tbm-Kn-°p∂ s_a-ens‚ ]SpIq-‰≥ {S°pw {]Z¿in-]n-®n-cp-∂p. \K-c-am-en\y {]iv\-߃ ]cn-l-cn°p-∂-Xn\v Gsd klm-b-I-am-bn-cp∂p sks‚shUn(CENTWED)s‚ Ãmƒ. ASp-°famen-\y-߃ D]-tbm-Kn®v ]mNI-hm-XIw D¬∏m-Zn-∏n-°p∂ ChcpsS _tbm-Kymkv πm‚ v {]Z¿i\w ImWm-s\Øn-b-h-cpsS {i≤ ]nSn-®p-]‰n. Hcp NXpc{i ao‰¿ ÿe-ap≈ GsXmcp ho´nepw _tbm-Kymkv πm‚ v ÿm]n°mw. ASp-°-f-bn-ep-≠m-Ip∂ Ah-injvSß - fpw aen-\P - e - hpw kwkv°c - Ww

Ign™v ]pdØp hcp-∂Xv KpW-ta-∑bp≈ ssPhhf-ambmWv. CXn-eqsS A≥]Xv iX-am-\Ø - n-e[ - nIw F¬.-]n.-Pn. em`n-°m≥ Ign-bpw. πm‚ v \n¿Ωm-WØn- \ p≈ kmt¶- X nI D]- t Zihpw k_vkn-Unbpw sk‚ s v hUv \¬Ip-∂p. I©n-t°mSv C≥U-kv{Sokv t^mdØns‚ Fwtπm-bn-sa‚ v FIvktv N©pw t^md-Øns‚ Iogn-ep≈ ÿm]-\-ßfpsS D¬∏∂{]Z¿i-\hpw ]pXn-b A\p`-ha - m-bn. tIcfØnse {]Ya saKm hyhkmb{]Z¿i\w amt\- P vsa‚ v hnZym¿∞n-I-fpsS {]mtbm-KnI If-cnbmbn amdn. hnhn[ amt\-Ps v a‚ v tImtfPp-If - n¬\n∂v Ccp-∂q‰ºXv hnZym¿∞nIƒ CXn¬ ]¶m-fn-I-fm-bn Ah¿°v FIvkv]ocn-b≥kv k¿´n-^n-°-‰p-Ifpw

\¬In. hyh-km-bn-Iƒ°pw s]mXp-P-\߃°pw H∂p-t]mse {]Xo£ \¬Ip∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p \mep Znh-ksØ C≥Uv FIv k v t ]m {]Z¿i- \ - s a∂v kwLmSIkanXn sNb¿am≥ sI.- F - k v . aWnbpw P\-d¬ I¨ho-\¿ sI.-]¶ - P - m£\pw ]d-™p. Hcpe£-Øn-tesd t]¿ {]Z¿i\w I≠p. ASn-ÿm\kuI-cykm-≤y-XI - ƒ ]q¿Æ-ambn {]tbm-P\ - s - ∏SpØn B[p-\nIoI-c-W-Øn-eqsS hyhkmbtaJ-e-bn¬ h≥t\´w ssIh-cn°m-sa-∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p {]Z¿i-\-Øns‚ KpW-]m-Tw. kwcw-`-I¿°v IqSp-X¬ Ah-kc - hpw Bfl-hn-izm-khpw e`n-®p. ]me- ° m- S ns‚ am{X- a √ tIc- f - Ø ns‚bpw Ncn- { X- Ø n¬ {][m\ \mgnI°√m--bn-cp∂p Cu hyh-kmb {]Z¿i\w. C≥Uv FIvktv ]mbnse P\-]¶ - m-fnØhpw kwcw-`-I-cpsS Iq´m-bvabpw kwXr-]X v nbpw Xß-fn¬ IqSp-X¬ DØchmZnXzw G¬∏n-°p-∂-Xmbn kwLmSI kanXn `mc-hm-ln-Iƒ ]d-™p. ]ckv]cw Adn-bm\pw Adn-bn-°m\pw Ah-kcw D≠m-I-Ww. AXn\v ÿncambn Hcp I¨sh≥j-\¬ sk‚¿ Bhiy-am-Wv. \ΩpsS hyh-kmb D¬∏-∂߃ hntZ-in-bc - pƒs∏-sS-bp≈ Sqdn-ÃpIsf ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Ah-kcw D≠mhpIbpw th-Ww. AXn\v Sqdnkhpw hyh-km-bhpw _‘-s∏-Sp-Ønbp≈ Hcp t{SUv sk‚¿ Bcw`n-°-Wsa∂pw sI.-F-kv.-a-Wnbpw sI.-]-¶-Pm£\pw A`n-{]m-bs - ∏-´p. Fw.- N-{µ≥ Fw.-F¬.-F. bpsS A≤y-£X - b - n¬ \S∂ ktΩ-f\ - Ø - n¬ sI.C.- C - k v a - b n¬ Fw.- ] n. “C≥Uv FIvkt]m tIcf 2011” DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. Pn√m ]©m-bØv {]kn-U≠v Sn.-F≥.- I-≠-ap-Ø≥, ]me-°mSv \K-ck` sNb¿am≥ A_vZpƒ Jp±qkv, s_a¬ No^v P\- d ¬ amt\- P ¿ ]\o¿si¬hw, tImb- º - Ø q¿ tImUoknb (CODISSIA) {]knU‚ v Fw. I - ¥ - k - zman, im¥≥ tat\m≥ F∂nh¿ kwkm- c n- ®p. kwLm- S IkanXn sNb¿am≥ sI.-Fk - v.a - Wn kzmK-Xh - pw P\d¬ I¨ho-\¿ sI.-]-¶-Pm-£≥ \µnbpw ]d-™p. kam-]-\-k-tΩ-f\w jm^n]dºn¬ Fw.-F¬.-F.- D-ZL v m-S\w sNbvXp. anI® Ãmfp-Iƒ°v NS-ßn¬ ]mcntXmjn-Ihpw \¬In. Fw.- ] - c - a - i n- h w, kPo- h v I p- a m¿, s{]m^. kn.tkma-ti-J-c≥, hn.-c-ho{µ≥, kp\n¬ tPmk-^v, _n.-cm-[m-IrjvW≥, sI.-sI.-_m_p F∂n-h-cpsS Bflm¿∞-amb CS-s]-Sepw C≥Uv FIvktv ]m ]me°m-S≥ hyh-kmb Ncn{X-Ønse Ahn-kva-c-Wo-b-amb kw`ham°n am‰n. P\p-hcn 2012


h\n-Xm-kw-cw`w

Pbvk¨ Nmt°m

apØp-°p-S-NqSn Cu PbtLmjbm{X s]

35iXam\amb 1,06,000 cq] k_vknUnbpw e`n-®p. 2010 sabv amkØn¬ {]h¿Ø-\-am-cw-`n® bqWn‰v \√ \nebn¬ {]h¿Øn-®p-h-cp-∂p. as‰mcp apØp-°pS \n¿Ωm-Wb - q-Wn‰n¬ 15 h¿j-tØmfw tPmen sNbvX ]cnN-b-amWv tamfnsb kz¥-ambn Hcp kwcw`w XpS- ß m≥ t{]cn- ∏ n- ® - X v . IqSmsX `¿Ømhv tPmWpw C°m-cyØn¬ ssIØm-ßm-bn-Øo¿∂p. Cu bqWn- ‰ n¬ tamfn- s bbpw `¿Øm- h ns\bpw IqSmsX ÿncw tPmen-°mbn aq∂p h\n-X-Ifpw tPmen sNøp∂p. hyh-km-b-h-Ip-∏ns‚ klm-b-Øm¬ tamfn Bcw-`n® bqWn‰v tamfn-bp-sSbpw a‰v GXm\pw h\n-XI - f - p-sSbpw hcp-am-\t{km-X  - mbn amdn-bn-cn°pIbm-Wv. ]n.Fw.- C .- P n.]≤Xn hn`m- h \w sNbv X ncn°p∂Xpw a‰p- ≈ - h ¿°v

sXmgn¬ \evIp∂ kwcw-`-ß-fp-≠m°pI F∂-Xm-Wv. {]Xn-amkw 400 apØp-°p-S-Iƒ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂X - n-\p≈ tijn Cu bqWn‰n-\p-≠v. Hcp apØp-°p-S-bpsS hne 375 cq] apX¬ 800 cq]-hs - c-bm-Wv. BtLmj-߃°v am‰v Iq´p-hm≥ c≠v \nebp≈ apØp-°p-S-Ifpw \n¿Ωn-°p-∂p≠v . CXns‚ hne 1300 cq]- b m- W v . s{^bnw am{X- a mbpw hnev]\ \SØnhcp-∂p. Hcp s{^bn-an\v 300 cq]bmWv hne. IS-I-fnepw t\cn´v I£nIƒ°pw Ch¿ apØp°pS hnev°p∂p≠v. `¿Ømhv kn.-H. tPm¨ am¿°-‰nwKv Gs‰-SpØv \S-Øp-∂p. aIƒ A\p tPm¨ t\gvknwKv ]T\w Ign™v tPmen°v Xøm-sd-Sp-°p-∂p. aI≥ _n\ptPm¨ _n.-tIm-an\v ]Tn-°p∂p. ta¬hn-emkw ˛ tamfn ]n.-sI. Imf-Ød hoSv, Nnß-h\w ]n.-H, tIm´bw t^m¨ ˛ 9847938076

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

cp-∂m-fp-Iƒ°pw D’-h߃°pw BtLm-j-]-cn]m-Sn-Iƒ°pw Ae-¶m-cambn D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ apØp-°pSbpsS \n¿ΩmWØn¬ kwcw`km≤yX Is≠Ønb tIm´bw Nnßh\w kztZin tamfn s\bvXXp IemflIamb hnPbw. hyh- k m- b - h - I p- ∏ phgn \S∏m°p∂ ]n.- F w.- C .- P n.- ]≤Xn {]Imcw hmbv]-sb-Sp-ØmWv sk‚ vtacokv apØp-°pS F∂ t]cn¬ tamfn hyh-kmb bqWn‰v Bcw-`n-®-Xv. hoSnt\mSv tN¿∂v \n¿Ωn® sjÕn- ¬ XpSßnb apØp- ° pS \n¿ΩmWw hnPbIcambn apt∂dp∂p. kn≥Un-t°‰v _m¶v Nnß-h\w imJ-bn¬\n∂p hmbv] FSpØmWp tamfn kwcw`w XpSßnbXv. sajn-\dn hmßp-∂X - n\v 1,14,000 cq] tI{µk¿°mcns‚ s{IUn‰v Kymc‚n ]≤X n - { ] - I m - c - a p ≈ CuSn√mhmbv]-bmbpw e`n®p. hyh-km-bh - I - p-∏n¬\n∂v BsI ]≤- X n- s ®- e - h ns‚

P\p-hcn 2012

33


Hcp-ssI -k-lmbw

Pbvk¨ Nmt°m

ssIØm-ßn¬ ]qh-Wn™ kz]v\w kaqlØn¬ kzm[o\an√mØ ]mhs∏´h¿°pth≠n BIptºmƒ ssIØmßptkh\w IqSpX¬ alØcw BIp∂p. Hcp ÿm]\w bmYm¿∞yam°p∂Xn¬ am{Xa√, Hmtcm {]Xnk‘nL´Ønepw CSs]´p klmbn°p∂Xnepw hyhkmbhIp∏v DtZymKÿcpsS tkh\w {][m\amWv. cf k¿°m¿ h\nXm hyh-km-b-]-≤Xn (WIP) Bhn-jv°-cn® 2009 Imew. Hcp kp{]-`m-XØ - n¬ _nPntamƒ F∂ bphXn tIm´bw \K-c-k-`bn¬ hyh-kmb Hm^o-k-dmb Fs∂ ImWm≥ h∂p. Iqen-∏-Wn-°m-c-\mb `¿Øm-hns‚ hcp-am\wsIm≠p- am{Xw IpSpw_w ]pe¿Øm≥ Ign-bm-Ø-Xn\m¬ kz¥-ambn Fs¥-¶nepw kwcw`w XpS-ß-W-sa∂ B{K-l-hp-am-bn, IqSpX¬ hnh-c-߃ Adn-bm-\mWv _nPntamƒ h∂-Xv. F¥v ]≤-Xn-bmWv XpS-tß-≠s - X∂v _nPn-tamƒ°v IrXy-amb cq]-an-√m-bn-cp-

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

tI

34

∂p. km≤y-Xb - p≈ ]≤-Xn-Is - f-°p-dn®v Rm≥ hni-Zo-Ic - n®psImSp-Øp. Hcp an√v ÿm]n®v [m\y-߃ s]mSn®v Acn-s∏mSn, tKmXºv s]mSn, Idn∏u-U¿ F∂nh hnev°p-∂Xv kw_-‘n®v ]d-™t- ∏mƒ _nPn-tamƒ°v AXv CjvSs - ∏-´p. CØ-c-samcp bqWn‰v h\n-Xm-hy-hkmb ]≤-Xn-{]-Imcw XpS-ßm-sa∂pw CXn\v _m¶v temWpw 20 iX-am\w k_vkn-Unbpw In´p-sa∂pw Rm≥ ]d™p-sIm-Sp-Øp. am{X-a√ - , ]pXp-∏≈ - n°v kao]w h\n-X-Iƒ tN¿∂v \S-Øp∂ CØ-c-samcp bqWn‰v ImWp-∂-Xn\v Rm≥ _nPn-tamƒ°v Ah-kc - s - am-cp-°ns°m-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. hyh-kmb

Hm^o-k¿ ]d-™p-hn´ Bfm-b-Xn-\m¬ Ah¿ X߃ \S-Øp∂ bqWn-‰n-s\-°pdn-®p≈ A\p-`-h-]m-T-ßfpw D]-tZ-ißfpw _nPn-tamƒ°v \evIn. IqSmsX Ah¿°v sajn-\dn \evInb ÿm]-\Øns‚ hnem-khpw \evIn. h\n-XI - ƒ Hcp hyh-kmb bqWn‰v hnP-b-I-c-ambn \S-Øp∂ A\p-`hw t\cn¬°≠ _nPn-tamƒ°v X\n°pw Hcp bqWn‰v \S-Øm≥ Ign-bp-sa∂ hnizmkw h¿≤n-®p. XpS¿∂v sajn-\d- nbpsS Izt´-j\ - p-ambn t{]mPIvSv dnt∏m¿´v Xøm-dm-°p-hm≥ ho≠pw _nPn-tamƒ Fs∂ kao-]n-®p. t{]mPIvSv dnt∏m¿´v, C.Fw. ]m¿´v˛I, h\n-Xm-hy-hk - mb ]≤-XnP\p-hcn 2012


C∂v s]mSn-°qen C\-Ønepw DXv]-∂-߃ hnev]\ \S-Ønbpw {]Xn-amkw ]Xn-\m-bncw cq]bv°pta¬ _nPn-tamƒ BZmbw FSp-°p-∂p-≠v. _nPn-tamƒ _m¶v tem¨ IrXy-ambn AS-bv°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. sb-¶nepw sajo-\dn kssπ-b¿ IrXyk-ab - Øv sajn-\dn \evIn-bn-√. XpS¿∂v _nPn-tamƒ ]cm-Xn-bp-ambn Fs∂ kao]n-°p-Ibpw Rm≥ C°mcyw Pn√m hyhkm-b-tI{µw A[n-Im-cn-I-fpsS {i≤bn¬s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw hyh-km-b-h-Ip∏n¬\n∂p≈ CS-s]-S¬ aqew sajn-\dn ÿm]n-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Aßs\ _nPn- t am- f psS hoSn- t \mSv tN¿∂v D≠m-°nb sjÕn¬ sajn-\dn ÿm]n-°p-Ibpw bqWn‰v {]h¿Ø\w Bcw-`n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Bcw-`-{]-h¿Ø\w apX¬ bqWn‰ns‚ {]h¿Ø\w kpK-a-ambn \S-°phm≥ XpS-ßn-bXv hsc _nPn-tamƒ Hmtcm Imcy-Øn\pw Fs∂ t\cn¬°≠pw \nc¥cw t^mWn¬ _‘-s∏´pw D]-tZiw tXSn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂p. cmhn-sebpw sshIn´p-sams° Hmtcm kwi-b-ß-fp-ambn _nPn-tamƒ hnfn-®n-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ Fs‚ ho´p-Im¿°p t]mepw _nPn-tamƒ ]cn-NnX-bm-bn. ]e Ah-k-c-ß-fnepw _nPn-tamfpsS kz]v\w ]qh-Wn-bp-I-bn√ F∂p Nn¥n-∏n-°p∂ {]Xn-k‘ - n-Iƒ t\cn-´n-´p≠v. F∂m¬ Rm≥ \n¿t±iw sImSpØv

hne-\n-e-hmcw

Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw 325 kna‚ v (_m-Kn-\v)tem°¬ ]¿tNkv Ão¬ (In.-{Kmw) 42 XSn ( Iyp_vIv ASn) Xm∂n 510 - ‰- v) XSn ( Iyp_vIv ASn) sk°‚ v ¢mkv lm¿Uv 1350(h-be aÆv (Iyp_vIv ASn) 90 Izmdn UÃv 43 sa‰¬ (3/4 C©v) 26.75 sa‰¬ (1/4 C©v) 21.50 sa‰¬ (11/2 C©v) 23 tlmtfm tªm°v (8 C©v) 29 tlmtfm tªm°v (6 C©v) 21 tlmtfm tªm°v (4 C©v) 19 tkmfnUv tªm°v (6 C©v) 29 tkmfnUv tªm°v (4 C©v) 22 CjvSnI 6 sdUn-anIvkv 4800

tIm´bw \K-c-k`m hyh-km-b-hn-I-k\ Hm^o-k-dmWp teJ-I≥

Unkw-_¿ Ah-km\hmcw

hn]-Wn-I-fn¬\n∂p tiJ-cn-®-Xv sIm®n 330 49.5 1300(Jpinb) 60 43 23 23 23 32 20 15 20 15 4.50 4600

tImgn-t°mSv 325(-kp-hm-cn) 48 450 1850(Ccpƒ) 48 50 26 23.50 24 28.50 ˛14.50 ˛ 16.50 5 ˛

Ah-ew_w : ktX¨ C≥sh-Ãvsa‚ vkv (Si) ss{]h‰v enan-‰Uv P\p-hcn 2012

vyavasayakeralam

sI´nS\n¿ΩmWkma-{Kn-I-fpsS

Bcw`w Ipdn® Hcp ]≤Xn F∂ \nebn¬ ]≤-Xn-bpsS XS- ß - ƒ \o´n-°n-´p∂-Xn-\mbn Rm≥ {]b-Xv\n-°p-Ibpw kmt¶-Xn-IX - S-   - ß - ƒ \oßn _nPn-tamfpsS kz]v\w ]qh-Wn-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp. "a\-apt≠m am¿K-hp-ap≠v' F∂ sNm√v A\z¿∞-am-°p∂ A\p-`-h-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. C∂v s]mSn-°qen C\-Ønepw DXv]∂-߃ hnev]\ \S-Ønbpw {]Xn-amkw ]Xn-\m-bncw cq]bv°pta¬ _nPn-tamƒ BZmbw FSp-°p-∂p-≠v. _nPn-tamƒ _m¶v tem¨ IrXy-ambn AS-bv°pIbpw sNøp-∂p. _nPn-tam-fpsS bqWn‰ns‚ hnPbw I≠v {]tNm- Z - \ apƒs°m≠v ktlm-Zcn _nµphpw Hcp ]pXnb bqWn‰v XpS-ßp-∂X - n-\p≈ ]Wn∏p-cb - n-em-Wv. _nPn-tam-fpsS `¿Ømhv _m_p- sI´nSw ]Wn-°m-c-\m-Wv. a°ƒ Ajn-X, \nYn≥ F∂n-h¿ kvIqfn¬ ]Tn-°p-∂p. ta¬hn-emkw ˛ _nPn-tamƒ kn.-Un., ]≠m-c-Øpw-]-d-ºn¬, thfq¿ ]n.-H., tIm´-bw.

hyh-kmbtIcfw

°p≈ At]£ F∂nh Rm≥ Xøm-dm°n-s°m-Sp-Øp. am{X-a√ Cu bqWn‰v ip]m¿i sNbvXpsIm≠v dnt∏m¿´pw Rm≥ P\-d¬ amt\-P¿°v \evIn. IqSmsX _nPn-tamƒ°v A°u≠v XpS-ßm-≥ bqWn-b≥ _m¶v tIm´bw imJ-bnse amt\-Pc - p-ambn N¿® sNøpIbpw ]pXnb ]≤Xn hni-Zo-I-cn®p \evIp-Ibpw sNbvXp. _m¶n¬\n∂v apºv GtXm hmbv]-sb-Sp-ØXv _nPntamƒ IrXy-ambn Xncn-®S- ® - n-cp-∂X - n-\m¬ _m¶ns‚ `mK-Øp-\n∂v hmbv] \evIp∂-Xn\v hnk-ΩXw D≠m-bn-√. tIm´bw Pn√m hyh-km-b-tI-{µØn¬ At]£ ]m mb DS≥ AXp Rm≥ _m¶n- s e- Ø n- ® p. XpS¿∂v tIm´bw \K-c-k-`-bn¬ ssek≥kn\mbn _nPn-tamƒ At]£ ka¿∏n-®p. _nPn-tam-fpsS hoSn-t\mSp tN¿∂p sjÕv ÿm]n®v an√v XpS-ßp-hm-\mWv At]£ \evIn-bn-cp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ ÿe-ku-Icy-Øns‚ ]cn-anXn aqew ssek≥kv In´p-∂X - n\v Nne kmt¶-XnI XS- ß - ƒ D≠m-bn. ap\n-kn-∏m-en-‰n-bnse DtZym-Kÿ-\p-ambn Rm≥ kwkm-cn-°p-Ibpw At±lw _nPn-tam-fpsS Bhiyw A\p`m-h-]q¿∆w ]cn-K-Wn®v ssek≥kn\v ip]m¿i sNøp-Ibpw sNbvXp. ap\nkn-∏¬ ssek≥kv In´n. _m¶v tem¨ A\p-hZ- n® DS≥ Pn√m hyh- k m- b - t I- { µ- Ø n¬\n∂p k_v knUn _m¶n-se-Øn. F∂m¬ Cu L´Øn¬ ]pXn-sbmcp {]iv\w DS-se-Sp-Øp. sajn-\d- n-bpsS hne _m¶n¬\n∂p In´n-

35


hyh-kmb C≥jz-d≥kv

hniz\mY≥ HSm´v

‘kpc£’

tamjWØns‚ \„w Xo¿°m≥

_¿•dn C≥jz-d≥kv hyhkmbnIƒ°pw hym]mcnIƒ°pw Ft∏mgpw D≠mImhp∂ hn]ØmWv sIm≈bpw tamjWhpw. Cu kmlNcyØn¬ \„w Hgnhm°m≥ klmbn°p∂ C≥jzd≥kmWv _¿•dn C≥jzd≥kv.

kv ° p- I - f psS Hcp temIØmWv \mw C∂v Pohn-°p∂-Xv. \ap-°n-S-bn¬ k¿∆km-[m-c-W-amb Hcp dnkv°mWv If-hv. B¿°v Ft∏mƒ thW-sa-¶nepw CØc-Øn-ep≈ dnkv°p-Iƒ D≠m-hm-\n-Sbp-≠v. B[p-\n-I-b-{¥-kw-hn-[m-\-ßfpw skIyq-cn‰n Ãm^pw D≠m-bn-cp∂n´pw ]e-t∏mgpw CØcw A\n-„-kw`-h-߃ Ac-tß-dp-∂p. hyh-km-b-im-e-I-fnse tÃm°v, Akw-kvIrX hkvXp-°ƒ, Hm^okv kma-{Kn-Iƒ, Iymjv, a‰p \ne-hn-ep≈ km[-\-km-a-{Kn-Iƒ F∂nh \ap°v C≥jp¿ sNbvXv kwc-£n-°m-hp-∂Xm-Wv. ]q´v s]mfn-°p-I, `nØn Xpc-°pI, _ew {]tbm-Kn®v AXn-{I-an®pIS°pI F∂nh aqe-amWv km[m-c-Wbmbn Ifhv \S- ° p- ∂ - X v . F∂m¬ C≥jp¿ sNbvX ÿm]-\-Ønse Poh\-°m¿ AtX ÿm]-\-Øn¬Øs∂ Ifhv \S- Ø n- b m¬ s¢bnw In´m≥ {]bm- k - a m- W v . AXp- t ]m- s e- X - s ∂, ÿm]- \ - Ø ns‚ hkvXp- h - I - I ƒ, Iymjv F∂nh kq£n-®-Xns‚ Xmt°m¬ B{I-an-s®m ]nSn-®p-]d- ns®m X´n-sb-Sp-Øm-e-√msX Ifhv \S-Ønbmepw s¢bnw e`n-°m-\n-S-bn-√. km[\ kma- { Kn- I - f psS DS- a ÿ¿, kq£n-∏p-Im¿, ÿm]-\-Øn\v

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

dn

36

hmbv] sImSpØ [\-Im-cy-ÿm-]-\߃ F∂n-h¿s°√mwXs∂ km[-\km-a-{Kn-Iƒ C≥jp¿ sNøm≥ \nb-a]-c-ambn A[n-Im-c-ap-≠v. hkvXp-h-IIƒ°v Xo]n- S pØw D≠m- b - t ijw Bsc-¶nepw km[-\-߃ IS-Øn-s°m≠p-t]m-bmepw C≥jp-d≥kv Iº-\nIƒ s¢bnw \¬Ip-I-bn-√. ImcWw Ch kwc- £ n- t °- ≠ Xv C≥jp- d ≥

sNbv X t]mfnkn DS- a - b psS IS- a bmWv. C≥jp¿ sNøp-tºmƒ {][m-\ambpw {i≤n- t °- ≠ Xv icn- b mb XpIbv°v C≥jp¿ sNøpI F∂-XmWv . Ipd™ XpIbv ° v C≥jp¿ sNbvXm¬ Hcp s¢bnw D≠m-hp∂ Ah-ÿ-bn¬ F{X iX-am-\-amsWm Ipdhv XpIbv°v C≥jp¿ sNbvXXv P\p-hcn 2012


tijw t]mfnkn kwcw`cwKsØ C≥jz-d≥kpambn _‘s∏´p FSp- ° p- ∂ - X mWv hmb\°m¿°p≈ kwib߃°v XpS¿\√Xv. ∂p≈•e°ßfn¬ Cu ]w‡nbneqsS adp]SnHcp s¢bnw \evIpw. \nßfpsS kwib߃ ]{Xm[n]cpsS D≠m-bm¬ (It]cntem C\n∏dbp∂ hnemkØntem Abbv°pI: fhp \S-∂m¬) G‰hpw BZyw ASp‘kpc£’, Øp≈ t]meokv Fbnwkv (AIMS) C≥jqd≥kv˛ tÃj-\n¬ hnt{_m°nwKv Iº\n, hcw Adn- b n- ° pt•m_¬ πmkm, I. IqSp-X¬ I„]qtØmƒ ]n.H., \- „ - ß ƒ Hgn- h mXr»q¿ 680004 °m- \ p≈ kwcC sabn¬: odatt@aimsinsurance.in £Ww G¿s∏SpØWw. C≥jpd≥kv Iº-\n-bn¬ t\m-sSm∏w t]meokv F^v.-sF.-B¿, tcJm-aqew s¢bnw t^man-\mbn At]- t\m¨ t{Sk-_nƒ k¿´n-^n-°-‰v, a‰v £n-°-Ww. C≥jp-d≥kv Iº\n DS≥ A\p-_‘ tcJ-Iƒ F∂nh lmP-cmXs∂ k¿s∆- b ¿, C≥sh- à n- t K- ‰ ¿ t°-≠-Xp-≠v. s¢bnw Xo¿∏m°n \„F∂n-hsc CXns‚ At\z-j-W-Øn-\m- ]- c n- l mcw e`n- ® - t ijw ho≠pw bpw s¢bnw- X pI Xn´- s ∏- S p- Ø p- ∂ - s X m ≠ n a p X ¬ I ≠ p - I n - ´ n - b m ¬ Xn\pw \ntbm-Kn-°pw. AXns‚ Ah- I min s¢bnw X∂ Hcp km[\w If- h p- t ]m- b m¬ C≥jp- d ≥kv Iº\n- b m- W v . AXpBdp amkw hsc ImØp- \ n- ∂ - t i- t]mse kz¥w tk^ns‚ Hdn-Pn-\¬ jhpw AXn\v Xpºp-≠m-bn-s√-¶n¬ Xmt°m¬ D]-tbm-Kn®v Bcp If-hp-\t]meo-kn¬\n∂p "t\m¨ t{Sk-_nƒ S-Øn-bmepw Iº-\n-Iƒ \„-]-cn-lmcw k¿´n-^n-°‰v' e`n-°pw. s¢bnw t^man- \¬Ip-I-bn-s√∂pw Hm¿°p-I.

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

A{Xbpw iX-am\w \„-]c - n-lm-cØXpI-bn¬\n∂v Ipd-®-ti-jsa t]mfnkn DS-abv°v e`n-°p-I-bp-≈p. C≥jp¿ sNøp∂ XpI km[mc-W-bmbn am¿°‰v hne-°m-Wv. H∂ne- [ nIw ÿe- ß - f n¬ km[- \ - ß ƒ kq£n-®n-cn-°p-∂-h¿°mbn _¿K-fdn ^vtfm´¿ t]mfnkn FSp-Øm¬ {]oanbw em`n-°m-\m-hpw. CXp-Iq-SmsX, "^Ãv temkv' t]mfn-knbpw C∂v hn]- W n- b n¬ e`y- a m- W v . AXm- b - X v , [mcmfw km[-\-km-a-{Kn-Iƒ kq£n-®ncn-°p∂ ÿm]-\-ß-fn¬ Hcp sNdnb iX-am\w am{Xsa Ifhv t]mIm-\n-S-bp≈p- s h- ¶ n¬ CØcw t]mfn- k n- I ƒ Ipd™ {]oanbw \nc-°n¬ sNøm-\mIpw. C¥y- b n¬ 2008 apX¬ _¿Kfdn {]oan-b-Øn¬ Xmcn^v \nb-{¥Ww G¿s∏-Sp-Øn-bXp apX¬ Iº-\n-Iƒ Ign™ h¿j-ß-fnse s¢bnw XpIsb ASn- ÿ m- \ - s ∏- S p- Ø n- b mWv {]oanbw \n›-bn-°p-∂-Xv. AXm-bXv dnkv ° p- I ƒ IqSp- X - e p≈ ÿm]- \ ߃°v {]oanbw IqSm- \ n- S - b p≠v F∂¿∞w. hnhn[ Iº- \ n- I - f psS {]oanbw \nc°v Xmc-X-ay-s∏-Sp-Ønb

P\p-hcn 2012

37


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Hmlcn Hmlcn

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Hmlcn

sI.-]n. tkXp-\mYv

hmßmdmbn´n√! A¤pX߃°p _meyan√! B`y¥chf¿®m\nc°p CSnbptºmƒ, dnk¿∆v _m¶ns‚ \S]-Sn-Iƒ ]co£WßfmIptºmƒ, _P‰n\pw A¤pX߃ Im´m\mhns√∂ Nn¥ \ne\nev°ptºmƒ, C\nbpw hmßen\p kabambn√ F∂p hnebncpØp∂XmIpw hnthIw. ≥Uy-≥ km-º-Øn-I-ta-J-e hf-¿® - b - p-sSbpw ap-cS- n-∏n-s‚-bpw Nm-{In-IX-sb A-Xn-Po-hn-®p-sh∂ H- ∂ mw bp]n- F `- c - W - I meØv A∂sØ [-\a - {¥nbpsS A-hI - m-ih - mZ߃ C-t∏m-ƒ H-cp I-dp-Ø ^-en-Xa - m-bn A-\p-`h - s - ∏-´m-¬ A-¤p-Xs - ∏-tS-≠X - n-√. B-`y-¥-c-h-f¿-® 8˛9 i-X-am-\-Øn-¬ F-

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

C

38

Øn-b 2007 Im-ea - m-bn-cp-∂p Nn-Zw-_c - Ø - ns‚ B-fl-hn-izm-k-Øn-s‚ A-SnØ-d. sXm-´-Sp-Ø 2008˛se km-º-Øn-I-am-µytØm-sS h-f-¿-®-bp-sS K-Wn-Xw ]n-g-®p. A-Xn-s‚ {]-Xym-Lm-Xß - ƒ - C-\nbpw Ah-km-\n-®n-´n-s√-∂p am-{X-a-√ Ah samØw km-ºØ - n-It- a-Je-sb _m-[n-°p-∂ ÿm-bnbm-b ssh-cp-≤y-ß-fp-sS cp-]-

Øn-¬ ]p-\c - h - X - c - n-°p-∂s - h-∂Xn-s‚ AS-bm-f-ß-fmWv \mw A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°p∂Xv. 2011˛12˛¬ B-`y-¥-c-h-f-¿-®m-\nc°v 7.5 i-Xa - m-\a - m-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v [-\a - {¥n {]W-_v ap-°¿Pn -A-h-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂p--s≠¶nepw AXv 7˛i-Xa- m-\Ø - n-\∏ - p-dw t]m-Im\n-Sb - n-s√-∂m-Wv Ip-d® - p-Iq-Sn bm-Ym-¿∞ - yt_m-[a - p-≈h - ¿ - ]p-e¿ - Ø - p-∂ \n-e] - mSv. HtŒm-_d- n-se hym-hk - mbn-tIm-¬∏ - m-Z\ - \ - nc-°n-ep≠mb 5.1 i-X-am-\w ho-gv-N Cu \n-e] - m-Sn-s\ i-cn-sh-°p∂p. G-{]n-¬˛HtŒm-_¿ - Im-eb - f - h - n-¬ hym-hk - mbn-tIm¬-∏m-Z\ - \ - n-c°v 3.5 i-Xa - m-\w am-{X-am-bncp∂p. C-tX Im-e-b-f-hn-¬ X-te-h¿-jw AXv 8.7 i-Xa - m-\a - m-bn-cp∂p. Np-cp-°Ø - n-¬ C-≥U - y-≥ km-ºØnIcw-Kw I-gn-™ c-≠p Z-iI - ° - m-ea - m-bn sIm-≠m-Sp-∂ D-Zm-c\ - b - ß-ƒ H-cp k-∂nKv≤ - L-´Ø - n-seØn-b ÿn-Xn-bm-Wv \mw A-`n-ap-Jo-Ic - n-°p-∂X - v. km-ºØ - n-I ]-cnjv° - m-cß - ƒ - ° - v km-≤yam-b h-f¿ - ® - m-\nc-°n-s‚ ]-ca - mh-[n F-Øn-bn-Xn-s‚ kqN-\-bmbn Cu L´-sØ hn-e-bn-cp-Ømhp-∂X - m-Wv. km-ºØ - n-It- a-Je - Iq-Sp-X¬ - D-Zm-coIc-Ww \-S∏ - n-em-°W - s - a-∂p hm-Zn-°p-∂h-cpw, A-X√ - C-Xn\-Iw \-S∏ - n-em-°n-bh X-s∂ A-[n-Ia - m-sW-∂p hm-Zn-°p-∂h - cpw X-Ωn-ep-≈ hm-Z-{]-Xn-hm-Z-ß-ƒ kq-Nn-∏n°p-∂X - pXs∂ Cu-sbm-cp k-∂n-K≤ v- L - P\p-hcn 2012


Hmlcn

Hmlcn

Hmlcn

Hmlcn

Hmlcn

Hmlcn

Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-c-Øn\v A¤pXw ]I¿∂v

PnsI-FkvF^v Unkw-_¿ s^Ãv

P\p-hcn 2012

{Km≥Uv tIcf tjm∏nwKv s^Ãn-he - ns‚ `mK-ambn am≤ya-ßf - psS kl-Ic - W - t- Øm-Sp-IqSn kwL-Sn-∏n-°p∂ hym]mc taf-Iƒ ]pXnb XpS°amIp∂p. Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw, ]Ø-\wXn-´, tIm´-bw, Xriq¿, ae-∏p-dw, tImgn-t°m-Sv, IÆq¿ Pn√-Ifnembn F´v taf-I-ƒ. Xncp-h-¥-]p-cØv I\-I-°p-∂n-emWv PnsI-Fk - vF - ^v Unkw-_¿ s^Ãv kwL-Sn-∏n-®ncn°p∂-Xv. {InkvXp-akv ]pe-cn -ap-X¬ P\p-hcn A©v hsc-bmWv Unkw-_¿ s^Ãv. tIc-f-Øns‚ X\Xv Ic-Iu-ie DXv]-∂߃°p≈ Hcp taJ-e-Xs∂ Unkw-_¿ s^Ãn-ep-≠v. ssIØdn {Kma-Øn¬ D]-tbm-‡m-°ƒ°v \n¿am-W-Øn¬ ]¶m-fn-If - m-hmw. kwÿm-\sØ {]kn-≤c - mb F√m ssIØdn˛ JmZn \n¿amW tI{µ-ßfpw Unkw-_¿ s^Ãn¬ AWn\n-c° - p∂p.

h¿°-e-bn¬ t]∏¿°-∏v, tπ‰v \n¿Ωm-W-bq-Wn‰v {]h¿Ø-\-am-cw-`n®p \ntXym-]t- bmK km[-\ß - fmbn amdn-°g- n™ t]∏¿°∏v, t]∏¿tπ‰v F∂nh hymh-km-bn-Im-Sn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ \n¿Ωn-°p∂-Xn\v Fkv.-F≥. t]∏¿ t{]mUIvSvkv F∂ kwcw`w h¿°ebn¬ {]h¿Ø-\a - m-cw-`n-®p. sNΩ-cpXn ]©m-bØ - n¬ πmÃnIv I∏v, tπ‰v F∂nh P\p-hcn 2012 apX¬ ]q¿Æambpw \ntcm-[n-°m-\p≈ Xocp-am-\-Øn-s‚ NphSp]nSn-®mWv bph kwcw-`I - \ - mb Fw.-Fk - .v \nXn≥ Cu DZy-aØ - n\v XpS°w Ipdn®-Xv. \hw_¿ 20\v Bbncp∂p ÿm]-\Ø - ns‚ {]h¿Ø-t\mZvLm-S\w. h¿°e inh-Kncn aTw {io\m-cm-bW [¿Ω kwLw {SÃv {]kn-U‚ v `{Z-Zo]w sImfpØn Bcw-`n® NSßv h¿°e Ilm¿ Fw.-F¬.-F. DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. b{¥-ßf - psS kzn®v Hm¨ I¿Ωw Pn√m hyh-km-b-tI{µw amt\-P¿ C. kem-lp±o≥ \n¿∆-ln-®p. sNΩ-cpXn ]©m-bØ - nse hnhn[ hm¿UpI-fn¬ \n∂p≈ saº¿am¿ kwcw-`-Øn\v Biw- A¿∏n-®p. Fkv.-_n.-Sn-bpsS h¿°e imJ-bmWv kwcw-`-Øn\v hmbv] A\p-h-Zn-®-Xv. At]£ \evIn c≠mw Znhkw hmbv] A\ph-Zn-®Xv Xs∂ A¤p-Xs - ∏-Sp-Øn-sb∂v DSa Fw.-Fk - v. \nXn≥ hyh-km-bt- I-cf - t- ØmSv ]d-™p.

vyavasayakeralam

F-kv.-F≥. t]∏¿ t{]mUIvSvkns‚ kzn®v Hm¨ I¿Ωw h¿°e Ilm¿ Fw.-F¬.-F.-bpsS km∂n-≤y-Øn¬ Pn√m hyhkm-b-tI{µw amt\-P¿ C. kem-lp-±o≥ \n¿∆-ln-°p-∂p.

hyh-kmbtIcfw

´-sØ-bm-Wv. D-Zm-co-Ic - W - Ø - n-s‚ A-Sp-Ø] - S- n-bm-bn km-ºØ - nI-ta-Je-sb sam-Øw Xp-d∂ - p-hn-Sp-∂X - n-eq-sS C-t∏mgsØ A-hÿ-sb a-dn-IS- ° - m-\m-hp-sa-∂ hm-Za - m-Wv {][m-\a - {- ¥nbpw A-t±-lØ - n-s‚ ]£°mcpw ]p-e¿ - Ø - p∂-X.v sN-dpIn-S hym-]m-ct- a-Je - b - n-se hn-tZ-i\ - n-t£-]w t]m-se-bp-≈ Xo-cp-am-\-ß-ƒ A-Xn-s‚ `m-K-amWv. F∂m-¬, AØ-cw Xo-cp-am-\ß - ƒ - \-S∏ - n-em-°p-hm-\p-≈ cm-jv{- So-bam-b km-lN - c - y-a√ - C-t∏m-ƒ \n-eh - n-ep-≈X - v. I-gn-™ \q-‰m-≠n-s‚ A-h-km-\-Z-i-I-ß-fn-¬ I≠- tem-I-a-√ C-∂p \mw Im-Wp-∂-Xv. tkm-hn-b-‰p-bqWnb-s‚ X-I¿ - ® - bv°ptijw {]Ncn∏n°s∏´, ]m-›mXy-ap-Xe - m-fn-Øw am-{X-am-Wv tem-IØ - n-s‚ ap-∂n-ep-≈ G-It- ]mw-hg- n F-∂ \n-eb - n-¬\n∂p Im-cy-߃ - G-sd am-dn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ap-Xe - m-fn-Øcm-Py-ßf - n-se A-Sn-°S- nbp-≈ am-µy-ß-fpw X-¬-^-e-am-bp-≠m-hp-∂ km-aqlnI-kw-L-¿-j-ßfpw ]-g-b kw-i-bß-sf ]pXn-b `mjbn-epw `m-hØ - nepw ]p-\c - h - X - c - n-∏n-°p-∂ Im-eØ - nem-Wv \mw Po-hn-°p-∂X - v. thm-ƒk - v{- So-‰v ]n-Sn-s®-Sp-°pI-sb-∂ \n-eb - n-ep-≈ k-ac - ß - f - n-¬ sX-fn-bp-∂ k-tµihpw C-Xp-Xs - ∂-bm-Wv. CØ-cw k-ac - ß - f - p-sSbpw Ah-bp-sS ^-ea - m-bn D-cp-Øn-cn-bp-∂ ]p-Xnb ssh-cp-≤yß-fp-sSbpw kzm-[o-\Ø - n-¬\n∂v C-≥U - y-bS- ° - a - p-≈ cm-Py-ß-ƒ-°v H-gn-™p-\n-¬-°m-\m-Ip-sa-∂p tXm-∂p∂n√. Nn-√d- h - n-¬∏ - \ - t- a-Je - b - n-¬ hn-tZ-ia - q-e[-\w A-\ph-Zn-°m-\p-≈ Xo-cp-am-\w ]n-≥h - e - n-°m-≥ \n-¿_ - ‘ - n-Xam-bX - pX-s∂ amdn-b ]-cn-Xÿ - n-If - p-sS kq-N\ - b - mWv. CØ-cs - am-cp s]m-Xp-]› - m-Øe - Ø - n-¬ ]cn-tim-[n°p-tºm-ƒ hn-]W - n-If - p-sS ÿn-Xn A-{X- `-{Z-am-sW-∂p ]-db - m-\m-hn-√. Un-kw-_¿ - 13˛mw-Xn-bX - n A-hk - m-\n-°ptºm-ƒ hn-]-Wn-bn-se 75˛Hm-l-cn-I-ƒ A-h-bp-sS N-cn{X-Øn-se G-‰h - pw Ip-d™ ÿn-Xn-bn-se-Øn-bn-´pw hmßp-hm-\p-≈ k-a-b-am-bn-´n-s√-∂m-Wv ]-e hn-Z-Kv-[-cpw D-]t- Z-in-°p-∂X - v. dn-k¿-hv _m-¶v 2010 am¿-®p ap-X¬ - ]n-¥p-Sc - p-∂ [\-\b - Ø - n-¬ C-fh - p-hc - p-sa-∂ {]-Xo-£a - m-{X-am-Wv hn-]Wn-bn-se sam-Øw sk-‚ n-sa-‚ n-s\ A-¬-∏-sa-¶nepw kzm-[o-\n-°p-hm-≥ ]-‰p-∂ L-SI - w. \-nc - ° - p-Iƒ - Ip-d® - ns√-¶n-epw, Iq-´m-Xn-cp-∂m¬t∏mepw hn-]-Wn-I-fpsS C∂-sØ \n-eb - n-¬ A-Xv B-izm-kI - c - a - m-bn-cn-°pw. F∂m-¬ C-Ø-c-Øn-ep-≈ \-bwam-‰-ß-fp-sS ^-e-ß-ƒ ÿm-bnbm-b \n-e-bn¬ hy-‡-am-h-W-sa-¶n-¬ Ip-d-®[n-Iw Im-Øn-cn-t°-≠n h-cpw. dn-k¿-hv _m-¶v \n-c° - p-Iƒ - h-¿≤ - n-∏n-°p-∂ \-bw Xp-Sc - m-\p-≈ km≤y-X hn-cf - a - m-sW∂v G-sd-°p-sd hy‡am-b km-lN - c - y-Øn-¬ hn-]W - n-bn-¬ hen-b ap-t∂‰-ßf - p-≠m-hp-sa-∂p {]-Xo-£n-°p-∂X - n-¬ A-¿∞ - a - n-√. \n-c° - p-If - p-sS Imcyw am-‰n\n-¿Ø - n-bm-¬ ]n-s∂-bp-≈ {][m-\ N-Sß - v s^-{_p-hc - n-bn-se tI-{µ-_P - ‰- mWv. cq]-bp-sS tim-jW - h - pw D-bc - p-∂ I-Ωn-bpw cm-{„o-bm-\n›n-XX - z-ßfpw tN-cp-tºm-ƒ ap-°¿-Pn A-¤p-Xß - ƒ - Im´p-sa-∂p-≈ Nn-¥-I-ƒ c-≠mwX-cw am-{X-am-hpw. Np-cp°-Øn-¬, hm-ßm-\p-≈ ka-bw C-\n-bpw B-bn-´n-s√∂p I-cp-Xp-∂X - mhpw Iq-Sp-X¬ - hn-th-I] - cw.

39


knwKnƒ hn≥tUm ¢nb-d≥kn\v Hm¨sse≥ kwhn[m\w

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

kwcw-`ß - ƒ XpS-ßp-∂X - n-\p-th≠ hnhn[ k¿°m¿ A\p-aX - n-Iƒ thK-Ønepw H‰t°{µ-Øn-eq-sSbpw e`y-am-°p∂-Xn-\p≈ knwKnƒ hn≥tUm ¢nb-d≥kv kwhn-[m\w Hm¨sse≥ k{º-Zmbw G¿s∏-SpØn IqSp-X¬ ^e-{]-Za - m-°p∂p. CXp-kw-_‘ - n®p sk]vXw-_¿ c≠n\p tN¿∂ kwÿm\ knwKnƒ hn≥tUm ¢nb-d≥kv t_m¿Uns‚ 12˛m-aXp tbmKw ssIs°m≠ Xocp-am-\ß - f - psS ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ k¿°m¿ DØ-chv ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn®n´p-≠.v DØ-chv \º¿ G.O.(Rt) No. 1136/2011/ID XobXn 20.09.2011 Nph-sS.

40

P\p-hcn 2012


ssIØ-dn-bn¬ Izmfn‰n ssUbnwßv ]cn-io-e\w eJvt\m Bÿm-\-am-bp≈ \mj-W¬ lm≥Uveqw sUh-e-]vsa‚ v tIm¿∏-tdj≥ tImgn-t°mSv Pn√m hyh-km-b-tI{µ-Øns‚ klm-bt- ØmsS HIvtSm-_¿ 21\v hS-Ic IS-Ø\ - mSv s\bvØv kl-IcW kwL-Øn¬ \S-Ønb ]cn-]m-SnIƒ Pn√m hyhkmb-tI{µw P\-d¬ amt\-P¿ Fw.-hn. tbml-∂m≥ DZvLmS\w sNbvXp. Pn√-bnse ssIØdn kwL-ßf - nse s\bvØv, Nmbw ap°¬ tPmen-sb-Sp-°p∂ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°pw Poh-\° - m¿°pw Cu ]cn-io-e\]cn-]mSn hf-sc-b[ - nIw klm-bI - a - m-bn. F≥.-F®v.-Un.-kn. IÆq¿ doPn-b-W¬ B^ok¿ cmPv I p- a m¿ ]cn- i o- e - \ - Ø n\v t\XrXzw \ev I n. IÆq¿ sFF®v‰n‰nbnse hnZKv≤¿ ¢m p-Iƒ \bn®p. Pn√m hyh-kmb tI{µ-Ønse DtZymK-ÿ¿, ssIØdn Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ F∂n-hcpw kw_-‘n-®p.

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

tImgn-t°mSv Pn√-bnse ssIØdn kwL-ßf - nse Nmbw-ap-°¬ (Dying) taJe-bn¬ tPmen sNøp∂ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°pw Poh-\° - m¿°pw th≠n KpW-\n-eh - mc-ap≈ Nmbw-ap-°¬ (Quality dying) kw_-‘n®v hnZKv≤]cn-io-e\w \evIn.

P\p-hcn 2012

41


]n.Fkv.inh{]kmZv

]n.Fw.C.Pn.]n. bneqsS amthen°cbn¬ anI® kwcw`߃ tIcfØnse Hmtcm tªm°nepw D≠mIpw k¿°mcns‚ {]tXyI ]≤XnIfpsSbpw hyhkmbhIp∏v DtZymKÿcpsS ssIØmßns‚bpw Hs° klmbtØmsS hf¿∂ph∂ \nch[n kwcw`߃. CØcw \qdp\qdp ap≥ssIIfmWp tIcfsØ hyhkmbhXv°cn°p∂Xv.

{]

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

[m\a{¥nbpsS {]tXyI sXmgn¬Zm\ ]≤Xn (]n.Fw.C.Pn.]n) {]Imcw kwcw`IXzhnIk\ cwKØv c≠p h¿jßfnembn Be∏pg Pn√bnse amthen°c tªm°n¬ henb apt∂‰amWv \S∂n´p≈Xv. DXv]mZ\ cwKØv ]Øp bqWn‰pIfpw k¿hokv taJebn¬ A©p bqWn‰pIfpw CXnt\mSIw {]h¿Ø\amcw`n®pIgn™p. hmbv]m \S]Sn{Ia߃ ]q¿ØnbmIp∂XneqsS Ggp kwcw`߃IqSn C\nbpw {]h¿Ø\£aamIpw. CXneqsS GItZiw aq∂ptImSn cq]bpsS \nt£]hpw 250˛Hmfw sXmgnehkcßfpw tªm°n¬ krjvSnbv°m≥ Ign™p. CXv ap≥h¿jßfpambn XmcXayw sNøptºmƒ tªm°ns‚ hyhkmbhf¿®mcwKØp≈ henb IpXn∏ns‚ kqNIamWv. Xmeq°v hyhkmb Hm^ok¿ Pn. cmPphpw tªm°v hyhkmb hnIk\ Hm^ok¿ {]`Ipamdpw {]h¿Ø\߃°v t\XrXzw \¬Ip∂p.

42

sshhn≤yhpw kwcw`ßsf∏‰n:

IqSpX¬

apX¬apS°pap≈

]nt≈kv ^pUv & I¨s^IvjWdokv

]nt≈kv ^pUv B≥Uv I¨s^IvjWdokns‚ Hcp D¬∏∂ \n¿amW bqWn-‰v.

cm[mtZhn Fw. ]n≈ F∂ kwcw`IbpsS ITn\m[zm\Øns‚bpw {]mtbmKnItijnbpsSbpw ^eambn tªm°nse I√nta¬ F∂ ÿeØv Bcw`n® Cu kvYm]\w hnPbØns‚ ]ShpIƒ Ibdp∂p. `£ykwkvIcW cwKsØ \qX\ DXv]∂ßfmWv B[p\nI kmt¶XnIhnZyIfpsS klmbtØmsS bqWn‰n¬ \n∂v DXv]mZn∏nbv°p∂Xv. cm[mtZhnbpsS I¿Ω]YØn¬ `¿Ømhv a[pkqZ\≥ ]n≈bpsS Dd® ]n¥pWbp≠v. `£ykwkv°cW cwKtØmSv {]tXyI A`ncpNnbp≈ Cu ZºXnIƒ hnhn[ Xeßfn¬\n∂p e`n® AdnhpIfpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ Hcp h¿jambn \SØnb KthjWØns‚IqSn ^eambn´mWv {]tXyIXbm¿∂ DXv]∂ \n¿ΩmWØnte°v Xncn™Xv. lWn tdmÃUv ]o\´v, ]o\´v _´¿, C≥ v D∏pamhv anIvkv F∂nhbmWv {][m\ DXv]∂߃. hn]W\km≤yXbpw KpWta∑bpap≈ IqSpX¬ DXv]∂߃ \n¿Ωn°p∂Xn\pw Ch¿ e£yanSp∂p. B[p\nI sSIv t \mfPnbpsS klmbtØmSpIqSn KpWta∑ Dd∏phcpØnbmWv DXv ] ∂ \n¿ΩmWw \SØp∂Xv. Hmtcm L´Ønepw cm[mtZhnbpsS t\cn´p≈ IrXyamb ta¬t\m´w Cu kwcw`hnPbØns‚ Hcp ImcWamWv. KpWta∑m hnhc߃ tcJs∏SpØnb BI¿jIamb ]mbv°nßnemWv DXv]∂߃ hn]WnbnseØn°p∂Xv . FdWmIpfw, tIm´bw, tImgnt°mSv, sIm√w F∂o Pn√Ifn¬ Ct∏mƒ hn]W\irwJe i‡amWv . \n¿ΩmWtØmXv Iq´n

]nt≈kv ^pUv B≥Uv I¨s^IvjWdokv DSa cm[m-tZhn Fw. ]n≈ bqWn-‰ns‚ {]h¿Ø-\-߃ hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p.

]nt≈kv ^pUv B≥Uv I¨s^IvjWdokns‚ D¬∏∂߃ P\p-hcn 2012


Im¿ØnI Unssk\¿ ssS¬kv sXt°°c {Kma]©mbØv ap≥ saºdpw kmaqly{]h¿ØI\pamb sdPn ]©mbØnse ]≈n°¬ F∂ ÿeØv Bcw`n® Unssk\¿ ssS¬ \n¿ΩmW bqWn‰v {]h¿Øn]YØn¬ c≠ph¿jw ]n∂nSp∂p. ap≥ h¿jßfnse tlmtfm {_nIv k v \n¿ΩmWØnep≈ sshZKv ≤ yhpw s]cpºmhqcn¬ s]cnbm¿ ssS¬ bqWn‰n¬\n∂v Hcp amkw e`n® {]mtbmKnI ]cn⁄m\hpambmWv sdPn Cu cwKtØ°v IS∂ph∂Xv. KpWta∑bn¬ {]m[m\yw \¬Inbp≈ DXv]mZ\amWv Xs‚ ssSepIƒ°v hn]Wnbn¬ {]Yaÿm\w t\Sm≥ klmbn®Xv F∂v sdPn ]dbp∂p. am¿°‰nwKv Hcp {]iv\a√. Hm¿U¿ A\pkcn®p≈ DXv ] ∂߃ Cd°n\ev I m≥ IgnbmØ ÿnXnbmWv Ct∏mgp≈Xv. FdWmIpfw, sIm√w Pn√Ifn¬\n∂p IqSpX¬ Hm¿UdpIƒ e`n°p∂p≠v. Ct∏mƒ icmicn 1500˛2000 ssSepIfmWv Zn\w{]Xn DXv]mZn∏nbv°p∂Xv. A©p h\nXIƒ Dƒs∏sS F´pt]¿ tPmen sNøp∂p. D¬]mZ\tØmXv h¿≤n∏n®v bqWn‰ns‚ hn]peIcWØn\v {ia߃ \SØp∂p≠v. ]n.Fw.C.Pn. ]≤Xn {]Imcw C≥Uy≥ Hmh¿kokv _m¶ns‚ HmesI´nbºew imJbn¬\n∂p 15,58,000 cq] [\klmbtØmSpIqSnbmWv bqWn‰v Bcw`n®Xv . Bdpe£w cq] k_vknUnbmbn e`n®n´p≠v. [\klmbw thKØn¬ e`yam°p∂Xn\pw hnhn[ A\paXn]{X߃ e`n°p∂Xn\pw sF.C.H bpsSbpw _m¶v amt\PcpsSbpw tkh\߃°v sdPn \µn tcJs∏SpØn.

{]h¿Ønbv°p∂Xv. Ct∏mƒ c≠ph¿jw ]n∂n´ Cu bqWn‰n¬\n∂p IqSpX¬ hn]W\km≤yXbp≈ ]p©∏p´ps]mSn, kqNntKmXºv , kpK‘{ZhyßfpsS Idn]uUdpIƒ F∂nh DXv]mZn∏nbv°p∂p. \∑ t{]mUIvSvkv F∂ t]cnemWv DXv]∂߃ am¿°‰n¬ Cd°nbncn°p∂Xv. sXcs™SpØ KpWt`m‡m°fn¬\n∂v DXv]∂ßfpsS KpW\nehmcsØ kw_‘n® A`n{]mb߃ a\knem°p∂Xpw AX\pkcn®v DXv ] mZ\{]{Inbbn¬ Bhiyamb {IaoIcW߃ \SØp∂XpamWv \∑ t{]mUIvSvkpIƒ°v hn]Wnbn¬ ÿm\w Is≠Øm≥ hgnsbmcp°nbsX∂vv tPm¨k¨ ]dbp∂p. Be∏pg Pn√bv°v ]pdsa sIm√w, ]Ø\wXn´ Pn√Ifnepw hn]W\w \SØp∂p≠v . DXv ] ∂߃ bYmkabw am¿°‰n¬ FØn°p∂Xn\v c≠p hml\߃ kz¥ambn´p≠v. ]n.Fw.C.Pn.]n ]≤Xnbn¬ Dƒs∏SpØn tIm¿∏tdj≥ _m¶ns‚ sNdptIm¬ imJbn¬ \n∂v 20 e£w cq] [\klmbw e`yam°nbmWv kwcw`w XpSßnbXv. 15˛Hmfw sXmgnemfnIƒ tPmen sNøp∂p. bqWn‰v hn]peoIcWØns‚ `mKambp≈ B[p\nI kuIcyßtfmSpIqSnbp≈ Sm¶ns‚ \n¿ΩmWtPmenIƒ \S∂phcp∂p. Hcp amkØn\p≈n¬ CXv ]q¿ØoIcn®v DXv]mZ\tØmXv Iq´m≥ Ignbpsa∂v hnizknbv°p∂p.

tXUvkv ÃpUntbm, sN´nIpfßc UnPn‰¬ t^mt´m{K^nbpsS A\¥km≤yXIƒ a\ nem°ns°m≠mWv tXmakv sI. cmPp B taJebn¬ kwcw`Øn\v XpS°an´Xv. hnjz¬ IΩyqWnt°j\n¬ a{Zmkv bqWnthgvkn‰nbn¬\n∂p t]mÃv {KmtPz‰v Un{Kn kºmZn® tijamWv tXmakv sI. cmPp P∑ÿeamb

Pohn C≥Ukv{Sokns‚ \∑ t{]mUIvSvkv Kƒ^v tPmen aXnbm°n \m´nseØnb tPm¨k¨, h≈qt°m´n¬ NpcpßnbImewsIm≠v am¿°‰v XeØn¬ \SØnb Nne ]T\ßfpsSIqSn ASnÿm\ØnemWv `£y kwkvIc bqWn‰n\v XpS°an´Xv. amthen°c sN∂nØebn¬ sNdptIm¬ F∂ ÿeØmWv Cu bqWn‰v P\p-hcn 2012

tXUvkv ÃpUntbm DSa tXmakv sI. cmPp {]h¿Ø-\-߬ hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p.

vyavasayakeralam

hntZiIb‰paXn°v th≠ {IaoIcWßfpw \S∂phcp∂p. Bhiyamb AkwkvIrXhkvXp°ƒ tIcfØn\p ]pdsa KpPdmØn¬\n∂pw tiJcnbv°p∂p≠v. samØw 28 e£w cq]bmWv apX¬ apS°v. CXn¬ 24 e£w cq] sIm®mepwaqSv Fkv._n.Sn imJbn¬\n∂p ]n.Fw.C.Pn.]n ]≤Xn {]Imcap≈ [\klmbamWv . k_vknUnbmbn 8,40,000 cq] e`n®´p≠v. {]tXy£ambpw ]tcm£ambpw 20 t]¿°v sXmgn¬ \¬Ip∂p. sXmgnemfn apXemfn t`Zan√msX kwcw`Øns‚ D∂Xn°mbp≈ HsØmcpan® {]h¿Ø\amWv Iºn\nbpsS hnPbclkysa∂v Cu ZºXnIƒ ]dbp∂p. KpW\nehmc k¿´n^n°‰pIƒ FSp°p∂Xn\pw {iaw \S°p∂p≠vv.

\µ t{]mUIvSvkv DSa tPm¨k¨ bqWn-‰ns‚ \ne-hnse {]h¿Ø-\-߃ _m¶p-am-t\-P-dpsS km∂n-≤y-Øn¬ hni-ZoI-cn-°p-∂p.

hyh-kmbtIcfw

Im¿ØnI Unssk\¿ ssS¬ \n¿ΩmW bqWn‰v DSa sdPn {]h¿Ø\coXn hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p.

43


N

sIm√w Pn√m hyh-km-b-tI-{µ-Øns‚ B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ At{Km s_bvkvUv B≥Uv ^pUv tπmkknwKv skIvS¿ hnI-k\w kw_-‘n®v \hw-_¿ 8\v \S-Ønb Pn√mXe ao‰ns‚ DZvLm-S\w If-IvS¿ ]n.-Pn. tXmakv \n¿∆-ln-°p-∂p. Pn√m hyh-km-b-tI{µw P\-d¬ amt\-P¿ ]n.-sF. cmPw sUkven, amt\-P¿am-cmb ]n. cm[m-Ir-jvW≥, sI._n. cm[m-Ir-jvW≥, sIm√w Pn√m sNdp-InS hyh-kmb Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ sk{I-´dn F. hlm_v F∂n-h¿ kao-]w.

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

tIm´bw Pn√m hyh-km-b-tI-{µ-Øns‚ B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ `£y-Im¿jnI hyh-km-bß-fpsS ]ptcm-K-Xn°mbn hnhn[ hIp-∏p-I-fpsS kl-I-c-W-tØmsS inev]-ime \SØn. HIvtSm-_¿ 18\p tIm´bw Hm¿°nUv dkn-U≥kn-bn¬ \S∂ inev]-ime FUnFw ‰n.-hn. kp`mjv DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. Irjn, ^nj-do-kv, Ubdn sUh-e]vsa‚ v XpS-ßnb hIp-∏p-I-fnse DtZym-K-ÿcpw Im¿jn-I, -hym-h-km-bnI taJ-ebnse hnZ-Kv≤cpw ]s¶-Sp-Øp.

44

sN´nIpfßcbn¬ tXUvkv ÃpUntbm F∂ ÿm]\w Bcw`n®Xv. tªm°v hyhkmbhnIk\ Hm^okdpambn _‘s∏´v Xs‚ Dt±iyw hy‡am°pIbpw ]pXnb bqWn‰v Bcw`nbv°p∂Xn\v Bhiyamb [\klmb am¿§ßsf°pdn®v BcmbpIbpw sNbvXp. t{]mPIvSv Xømdm°n ]n.Fw.C.Pn. ]≤Xn {]Imcw [\klmbw e`yam°p∂Xn\v sF.C.H Bhiyamb F√m klmbßfpw sNbvXp. bqWn‰v {]h¿Ø\w Bcw`n°p∂ hnhn[ L´ßfn¬ sF.C.H \¬Inb am¿§\n¿t±i߃ hfscb[nIw klmbIcambncp∂p F∂v tXmakv sI.cmPp ]dbp∂p. C≥Uy≥ Hmh¿kokv _m¶ns‚ a‰w imJbn¬\n∂p ]n.Fw.C.Pn.]n {]Imcw 10 e£w cq]bmWv [\klmbambn e`n®Xv. F´p t]¿ Cu ÿm]\Øn¬ ÿncambn tPmen sNbv X phcp∂p. IqSpX¬ Hm¿UdpIƒ e`nbv ° p∂ amkßfn¬ ^o¬UvXe tPmenIƒ°v th≠{X Bƒ°msc Xm¬°menIambn \nbanbv°pw. UnPn‰¬ hoUntbm{Km^n, tUmIypsa‚dn ta°nwKv, tjm∏v AUz¿ss´kvsa‚ v, s{]m^jW¬ Unssk\nwKv F∂nhbmWv Ct∏mgsØ {][m\ {]h¿Ø\߃. FUn‰nwKv˛anIvknwKv bqWn‰v, B¬_w Unssk\nwKv F∂nhbpw XpSßp∂Xn\v Bhiyamb {IaoIcW߃ sNbvXphcp∂p. CXneqsS a‰v ÃpUntbmIfpsS FUn‰nwKv tPmenIfpw Gs‰SpØv sNøphm≥ Ignbpw. ssiihZibnep≈ Cu ÿm]\Øn¬\n∂p sa®s∏´ hcpam\w Ct∏mƒ e`n°p∂p≠v. km≤yXIƒ sXm´dn™p≈ kwcw`IXzw tXmakv sI. cmPphn\v ip`{]Xo£ \¬Ip∂p. Be∏pg Pn√m hyhkmbtI{µw amt\P¿ (C.sF) BWp teJI≥.

ß-\m-t»cn tIma¨ s^knen‰n k¿∆okv sk‚-dn¬ ]´n- I - P mXn bphm- ° ƒ°mbn Bdp- a m- k sØ kuP\y sXmgn¬ ]cn-io-e\ ]cn-]mSn kwLSn-∏n-®p. ‰nKv-˛-anKv sh¬Un-ßn-emWv ]cn-io-e\w \evIn-bX - v. Fkv.-kn.-hn. ]qƒUv ^≠n¬\n∂p hyh-kmb hmWn-Py-h-Ip-∏n\v e`y-amb ^≠p-]-tbm-Kn-®mWv ]cn]mSn kwL-Sn-∏n-®X - v. tIm´bw Pn√m hyh-km-bt- I-{µØn¬h®v ]cn-ioe\]cn-]m-Sn-bn-te°v hnhn[ L´-ßf - n-embn IqSn-°mgvN \SØp-Ibpw 25 t]sc sXc-s™-Sp-°pIbpw sNbvXp. CXn¬ 13 t]cmWv 2011 sabv c≠n\v Bcw-`n® ]cn-io-e\ ]cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-ØX - .v AXn¬ 12 t]¿ s{Sbn- \ nwKv hnP- b - I - c - a mbn ]q¿Øn-bm-°n. ]cn-io-e-\-Øns‚ D≈-S-°hpw \S-Øn∏pw 1. hnhn[ C\w sh¬Unw-Kp-Iƒ ˛ ASn-ÿm\ XXz-߃ 2. hnh-c-߃˛ kvsI®p-Iƒ ˛ ]e-Xcw tPmbn‚p-Iƒ ˛ knw_-epIƒ ˛ sh¬UnwKv sSIv\n-°p-Iƒ 3. Kymkv D]- t bm- K n- ® p≈ sh¬UnwKv ˛ XXz-߃ ˛ D]-tbm-K߃ ˛ kpc-£m-{]-iv\ß - ƒ ˛ {Iao-Ic-Wß - ƒ 4. sh¬UnwKv ^vfIvkns‚ D]tbmKw 5. Kymkv sh¬UnwKv ˛ {_bnknwKv ˛ tkmƒU-dnßv ˛ I´nwKv 6. kn¶vkv B¿°v sh¬UnwKv ˛ XXz-߃ ˛ sshZypXn sh¬UnwKv e`yX ˛ {]tXy-IX ˛ Fkn, Unkn sh¬UnwKv ˛ ta∑ ˛ t]mcmbva ˛ CeIvt{Sm-Up-Iƒ ˛ ^vfIvkv tIm´nw-Kv ˛ kz`mhw ˛ XpS-ßnb sh¬UnwKns\ kw_-‘n® s]mXp hnh-cß - ƒ 7. ‰nKv sh¬UnwKv ˛ D]-I-c-W߃ ]cn- N - b - s ∏- S p- Ø ¬ ˛ ‰nKv sh¬Unw-Kns‚ KpW-߃ ˛ D]-tbmK-{Iaw ˛ ]h-dns‚ e`yX ˛ Bh-iyIX ˛ F®v.F - ^ - v. bqWn‰v 8. SMvè Ce-t{Sm-Up-Iƒ ˛ hnhn[ C\- ß ƒ ˛ D]- t bmKw ˛ IhNhmX-IØ - ns‚ hnhn[ C\-߃ ˛ hnhn[ ‰nKv sh¬UnwKv ˛ kmt¶-XnI-⁄m\w 9. ss]∏v sh¬UnwKv ˛ ss]∏ns‚ Xc- ß ƒ ˛ ss]∏v sh¬UnwKpw sπbn‰v sh¬UnwKpw XΩn-ep≈ hyXymkw 10. sh¬Unw-Kn-\p-th≠n ssS∏v Xøm-dm-°¬ ˛ coXn-Iƒ 11. anKv/amKv sh¬UnwKv ˛ ]∆dns‚ e`y-X, A\p-_‘ D]-I-c-WP\p-hcn 2012


hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°p≈ k¿´n-^n-°‰v hnX-cWw hyh-km-b-˛-hm-WnPy A-Uo-j-W¬ Ub-d-IvS¿ A_vZpƒ eØo-^v.-F.-sP. \n¿∆-ln-°p-∂p. tIm´bw Pn√m hyh-kmb tI{µw P\-d¬ amt\-P¿ Sn.-F. Ip™p-apl-Ω-Zv, kn.-F-^v.-F-kv.-kn. Ub-d-IvS¿ C≥Nm¿÷v \Po-_v. ]n.-F, Fw.-F-kv.-Fw.C Akn- v Ub-d-IvS¿ tam-l-\≥ \ºo-i≥, F≥.B¿.-F-^v.-]n.-Fw.-kn. amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvS¿ F.-sP. eqbn-kv, Nß-\mt»cn d∫¿ B≥Uv πmkvÃnIv kvamƒ C≥U-kv{Sokv Atkm-kntb-j≥ {]kn-U≠v AUz.-tXm-akv sPbnwkv F∂n-h¿ kao-]w.

]cn-io-e\ ]cn-]m-Sn-bpsS `mK-ambn Ip´n-Iƒ \n¿Ωn® D]-I-c-WßfpsS {]Z¿i-\w.

kam]\ktΩ-f\w hyh-km-b-˛-hm-WnPy A-Uo-j-W¬ Ub-d-IvS¿ A_vZpƒ eØo-^v F.-sP. DXvLm-S\w sNøp-∂p. tIm´bw Pn√m hyh-kmb tI{µw P\-d¬ amt\-P¿ Sn.-F. Ip™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv, kn.-F^v.-F-kv.-kn. Ub-d-IvS¿ C≥Nm¿÷v \Po-_v. ]n.-F, Fw.-F-kv.-Fw.C Akn- v Ub-d-IvS¿ tam-l-\≥ \ºo-i≥, F≥.-B¿.-F-^v.-]n.-Fw.kn. amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvS¿ F.-sP. eqbn-kv, Nß-\m-t»cn d∫¿ & πmkvÃnIv kvamƒ C≥U-kv{Sokv Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ {]kn-U≠v AUz.-tXm-akv sPbnwkv F∂n-h¿ kao-]w. P\p-hcn 2012

bn≥se v Ão¬) A\p- t bm- P y- a mb hn[- Ø n¬ Unssk≥ sNøpI ˛ cq]-s∏-Sp-ØpI ˛ \n¿Ωn-°pI ˛ XpS-ßn-bh ta¬hn-hc - n® Xc-Øn¬ Xøm-dm-°nb kne-_ ns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ Xnb-dn-¢m- p-Iƒ BZy-sk-j\nepw AXp-ambn _‘-s∏´ {]mtbm-KnI ]cn-io-e\w XpS¿∂p≈ skj-\p-If - nepw \evIn. \mep skj-\p-Iƒ C{]-Imcw Znh-tk\ {Iao-Ic - n-®n-cp-∂p. ]cn-io-e\ Imeb-fh - n¬ aq∂n-sem∂p `mKw Xnb-dnbpw tijw `mK-߃ {]mtbm-KnI ]cn-io-e\ - Ø - n\v Du∂¬ sImSp-Øp-amWv \S-Øn-b-Xv. ]cn-io-e-\-Øn\p th≠ ssIbp]-I-c-W߃, Akw-kvIrXhkvXp-hI - I - ƒ, sh¬UnwKv KymkpIƒ F∂nh hnebv°p hmßn. cmhnse 9 aWn°v Bcw-`n®v H∂c aWn-°q-dpIƒ hoXw ssZ¿Ly-ap≈ 4 skj-\p-I-fmbm-bn-cp∂p ]cn-io-e-\w. Xnbdn, {]mIvSn-°¬ ¢m p-Iƒ ]q¿Æambpw Cu sk‚-dnse kmt¶-XnI DtZym-Kÿ - c - mWv \SØn-bX - .v IqSmsX ]pdsa\n∂v AUzm≥kvUv sh¬UnwKv sSIvt\m-fP - n-bn¬ Db¿∂ tbmKy-Xbpw {]mtbm-KnI ]cnPv R m- \ - h p- a p≈ ^m°¬‰n- I - s fbpw ¢m p- I ƒ ssIImcyw sNøm≥ D]-tbm-Ks - ∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. AtXmsSm∏w Cu sk‚-dnse G‰hpw anI® D]-I-c-W-ßfpw ]pXp-Xmbn e`y-amb ‰nKv ˛ anKv sh¬UnwKv b{¥kma{Kn-Ifpw A\p-_‘ D]-I-c-W-ßfpw hnZ-Kv≤-ambn {]mtbm-KnI ]cn-io-e\ - Ø - n-\mbn D]-tbm-Kn-®p. ]´n-IP - mXn hn`m-Kß - sf kaq-lØ - ns‚ apJy[m-c-bn-te°v Db¿Øp-∂-Xn-\mbn CØcw kmt¶-XnI sXmgn¬ ]cn-io-e\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ Bhn-jvI-cn®p \S-∏nem-°p-∂Xv DØaamXr-I -BsW∂p kam-]-\-®-Sßv DZvLm-S\w sNbvX AUo-jW - ¬ Ub-dI - vS¿ A_vZpƒ eØo^v Adn-bn-®p. NSßn¬ A≤y-£X hln® tIm´bw Pn√m hyh-km-b-tI{µw P\-d¬ amt\-P¿ Sn.-F. Ip™p-ap-lΩZv hyh-km-b-ta-Je C∂p t\cn-´p-sIm≠ncn°p∂ {][m\ {]iv\w kmt¶-XnIhnZ-Kv≤-cmb sXmgn-em-fn-IfpsS A`m-ha - m-sW∂pw sXmgn¬]-cn-io-e\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ \S-Øp-∂-Xn-eqsS Cu Ipdhv KWy-ambn ]cn-l-cn-°msa∂pw Nq≠n-°m-´n. NS-ßn¬ Sn.-F≥. {io[-c≥, Akn- v Ubd-IvS¿ (s{S-bn-\nw-Kv) ]cn-io-e\ ]cn-]m-Sn-bpsS Ah-temI\w \S-Øn. AUo-jW - ¬ Ub-dI - Sv ¿ F.-sP. A_vZpƒ eØo-^v, Pn√m hyh-km-bt- I{µw P\-d¬am-t\-P¿ Sn.-F. Ip™p-ap-lΩ - Z- v, Fw.-Fk - v.F - w.-C. F.-Un. hn.-Fw. taml\≥ \ºo-i≥ F∂n-h¿ tN¿∂v k¿´n-^n-°‰- p-Iƒ hnXcWw sNbvXp. Nß-\m-t»cn d∫¿ B≥Uv πmÃnIv kvamƒ C≥U-kv{Sokv Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ {]kn-U‚ v AUz. tXmakv sPbnwkv, Fw.-F-kv.-Fw.-C. F.-Un. hn.Fw. taml≥ \ºo-i≥, F≥.-B¿.-F-^v.-]n.-Fw.-kn. FwUn sI.-sP. eqbnkv F∂n-h¿ Biwkm {]kwKw \S-Øn. Ub-d-IvS¿ C≥ Nm¿Pv \Po_v ]n.-kn. kzmKXhpw sk‚-dnse Ce-Iv{Sn-°¬ t^m¿am≥ ]c-ta-iz-c≥ \µn-bpsS ]d-™p.

vyavasayakeralam

߃ ˛ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ hb-dns‚ bm{¥nI Ne-\-߃ ˛ sh¬UnwKv S¨ ˛ `mK-߃ XpS-ßn-bh ˛ hnhn[ Af-hn-ep≈ hb-dp-Iƒ ˛ B¿K¨ Ih-NØ - ns‚ KpW-߃ 12. ‰nKv-˛-anKv sh¬Unw-Kn\p th≠n, teml-`m-K-߃ (sÃ-

hyh-kmbtIcfw

]´n-I-PmXn bphm-°ƒ°p kuP\y sXmgn¬]cn-io-e\w

45


ln-Xc - mbn. DZvLm-S\ ]cn-]m-Sn°v tijw \S∂ Iem-]c - n]m-Sn-I-ƒ sIm-®n-bpsS cmhn\v ]pXpakΩm-\n®p. sN°v dnπ_n°n¬\n∂v FØnb Iem-Im-c¿ Hcp°nb ^b¿tjm D-ZL v mS\ alm-al - sØ hyXy-kX v am-°n. 101 Intem kz¿Æ-amWv kΩm-\a - mbn hnX-cWw sNøp-∂X - v. saKm kΩm\Øn¬ H∂mw kΩm\w ˛ Hcp Intem kz¿-Æw H-cmƒ°pw c≠mw kΩm\w ˛ Ac Intem kz¿Æw ho-Xw aq∂v t]¿°pamWv e`yam-hp-I. BgvNtXmdpap≈ kΩm\hpap-≠v. CXn-

{Km≥Uv tIcf tjm∏nwKv s^Ãn-h¬ kok¨ ˛5

s]m≥Xn-f-°-hp-ambn hym]m-tcm-’-hw apt∂dp∂p \m

¬∏-Øn-bmdv kph¿Æ hym]mcZn\߃°p XpS°w Ipdn®v {Km≥Uv tIcf tjm∏nwKv s^Ãn-h¬ - ko-k¨ A©ns‚ DZvLm-S\w Unkw_¿ H∂n\p apJy-a{¥n D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n \n¿∆ln®p. A©v aWn-°v sIm-®n a-ssd≥ss{U-hn¬ Sqdnkw a{¥n F ]n A\n¬-Ip-am-dns‚ A≤y-£-X-bn¬ \S∂ DZvLm-S\]cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ FIvs - sk-kv a{¥n sI _m-_phpw hn-in-„m-Xn-Yn-bm-sbØn. P\p-hcn ]Xn-\©v hscbmWv hym]mtcm’hw. Pn sI Fkv F^n¬ cPn-ÿ sNbvX hym]mc ÿm]-\-ß-fn¬\n∂v km[\w hmßp∂-h¿s°√mw kz¿W-kΩ - m-\ß - ƒ°p≈ km≤y-Xb - p-≠v Ne®n{XXmcßfmb a-Ωq-´nbpw P-bd- mapw D-ZvL - m-S\ - th-Zn-°v \-£-{X-Øn-f-°-ta-In. sIm-®n ta-b¿ tSm-Wn N-ΩWn, Pn√-bn-se Fw ]n-am¿, Fw F¬ F-am¿, a-‰p P-\{- ]-Xn-\n-[nIƒ, D-tZym-Kÿ - {]apJ¿, Pn-sI-F-kvF-^v kv-t]m¨-k¿-am-cp-sS {]-Xn-\n[nIƒ, hym-]m-cn˛hy-h-km-bn kw-L-S-\-I-fp-sS {]Xn\n-[n-Iƒ Xp-Sß - n-bh - ¿ D-ZvL - m-S\ - ]-cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ k-∂n-

\mbn Bdp {]Xnhmc \dps°Sp∏pIƒ G¿s∏-Sp-Øn-bn´p-≠v. CXn¬ H∂mw kΩm\w ˛ ]Øvv ]h≥ ho-Xw ]Xn\©v t]¿°v Bdv BgvN-I-fn-epw c≠mw kΩm\w ˛ A©v ]h≥ ho-Xw C-cp]Xv t]¿°pw \¬-Ipw. Cu h¿jw ap-X¬ {]-XnZn-\ \-dp-s°-Sp∏pw kw-LS- n-∏n-°p-∂p≠v. 46 Zn-hk - ß - f - n¬ 1360 t]¿-°v H-cp ]-h≥ kz¿-Ww hoXw k-Ωm-\a - m-bn C-Xph-gn e-`n-°pw. kv-{Im-®v B≥Uv hn≥ k-Ωm-\-ß-fmbn H-cp {Kmw kz¿-Æhpw Un-k° -v u-≠v Iq-∏W - p-If - p- a - m-Wv G¿-s∏-Sp-Ønbn-cn-°p-∂X - v. s^Ãn-he - ns‚ HutZym-KnI kam-]\w P\p-hcn 21\v a-e∏ - pdØv kwL-Sn-∏n-°m-\mWv Dt±-in-°p-∂X - v. C¥ybn-tebpw hntZ-i-sØbpw Iem-Im-c¿ k-am-]\]cn]m-Sn-tbmSv A-\p-_‘ - n®pw Iem-hn-cp-s∂m-cp-°pw.

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hyh-kmbtIcfw

S.V. PRESS & LASER PRINT

46

Neyyattinkara, Thiruvananthapuram Dist. Phone/Fax : 0471 2222259 Printers, Book Sellers & Stationers E-mail : svpressnta@gmail.com P\p-hcn 2012


hyh-km-b-`q-an-bpsS hne P\-d¬am-t\-P¿am¿°v \n›-bn°mw Pn√-I-fnse hyh-kmbhnI-k\ Gcn-b-I-fp-sSbpw tπm´p-I-fp-sSbpw ÿe-hne Hmtcm h¿jhpw G{]n¬ H∂mw Xob-Xn-sh®p ]pXp°n \n›-bn-°m\pw AX-\p-k-cn®p `qan-hne CuSm-°m\pw Pn√m hyh-km-b-tI{µw P\-d¬ amt\P¿amsc A[n-Im-cs - ∏-SpØn k¿°m¿ DØ-ch - m-bn. hyh-kmb hmWnPy Ub-dI - vSd- psS 2011 HIvtSm-_¿ 15se sFUn6/17354/11 \º¿ k¿°p-e¿ {]Imcw \ne-hn-ep≈ am¿§-\n¿t±-i-߃ A\p-k-cn®v P\-d¬ amt\-P¿am¿°v CXp sNømw. ÿe-hne ]pXp°n AwKo-Imcw t\Sp-∂-Xn¬ Ime-Xm-akw D≠m-Ip-∂Xv Hgn-hm-°m-\m-Wn-Xv.

Im¿jnI-˛`£y-kw-kvI-cW ]cn-io-e\w Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw Pn√m hyh-km-btI-{µ-Øns‚ B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ kwLSn∏ 15 Znh-ksØ Im¿jnI `-£y-kwkv°c - W hyh-kmbkwcw-`I - Xz ]cn-ioe\w sI. apc-fo-[-c≥ Fw.-F¬.-F. \n¿∆-ln-®p. Pn√m hyh-km-bt- I{µw P\d¬ amt\-P¿ F≥. kXo-is‚ A≤y£-Xb - n¬ \S∂ NS-ßn¬ eoUv _m¶v amt\-P¿ hn.-B¿. apc-fo-[c - ≥, sI.-Fk - v.F-kv.s - FF Pn√m {]kn-U‚ v Sn. _nPpIp-am¿, Pn√m hyh-km-b-tI{µw amt\P¿ jmPn Ipam¿, tUmIyp-sa-t‚-j≥ sk‚¿ Akn-Â v Ub-d-IvS¿ ‰n.-H. KwKm-[c - ≥, C. kem-lp-±o≥, sI. _meN-{µ≥ F∂n-h¿ kwkm-cn-®p. Im¿jnI k¿∆-I-em-im-e, tI{µ IngßpKth-jW-tI-{µw, doPn-b-W¬ dnk¿®v et_m-

d- ´ - d n, sk≥{S¬ t_m´m- W n- ° ¬ Km¿U≥, Irjn hn⁄m-\-tI-{µ-߃ F∂n-hn-Sß - f - nse hnZ-Kv≤¿ ¢m p-Iƒ

\bn-®p. `£y-hy-h-kmb kwkv°-c-Wim-eI - f - n-te°p kµ¿i-\hpw kwL-Sn∏n-®p.

P\p-hcn 2012

vyavasayakeralam

hb-\mSv Pn√-bn¬ \S-∏m-°p∂ c≠mw-L´ sFkn-Un]n ]≤-XnbpsS [\-k-lm-b-tØmsS am\-¥hmSn {]n‚nßv h¿t°gvkv C≥Ukv{Sn-b¬ (h¿°vtjm-∏v) kl-I-cW-kw-L-Øn¬ ]pXp-Xmbn ÿm]n® c≠v Hm^vsk‰v b{¥-ßfp-sSbpw A\p-_‘b{¥-ß-fpsSbpw {]h¿Ø-t\m-ZvLm-S\w kwÿm\k¿°m-cns‚ \qdp-Zn\ I¿Ω-]-cn-]m-Sn-bpsS `mK-ambn sk]vXw-_¿ F´n\p ]´n-I-h¿§ bph-P-\-t£a a{¥n ]n.-sI. Pbe£van \n¿∆-ln-°p-∂p.

hyh-kmbtIcfw

Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw Pn√-bnse Ducq-´º - ew lm≥Uveqw ¢Ã¿ I¨tkm¿jy-Øns‚ B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ C‚-t{K-‰Uv lm≥Uveqw sUh-e-]vsa‚ v ]≤-Xn-{]-Imcw c≠mw-L´ Xdn D]-Ic - W - ß - fpsS hnX-cW - hpw NnIn-’m[-\k - l - m-bhpw ssIØ-dn-˛s - S-Is v sì Ubd-IvS¿ kmw kn. C´n-s®-dnb DZvLm-S\w sNøp-∂p. lms‚Ivkv {]kn-U‚ v s]cn-ßae hnP-b≥, Pn√m hyh-km-b-tI{µw P\d¬ am\-tP¿ F≥. kXo-i≥, h≠-∂q¿ kZm-in-h≥ XpS-ßn-bh - ¿ kw_-‘n-®p.

47


A\m-anI

s^mt´m ^o®¿

temI-hn-]-Wn-bn-te°p ae-bmfkn\n-a-bvs°mcp PmeIw tIhew kn\nam{]Z¿i-\Ø - n-\∏ - pdw kn\n-ab - psS cmPym-¥c- h - n-]W - \ - Ø - n-\p≈ thZn-Iq-Sn-bmbn Ne-®n-t{Xm-’h - s - Ø am‰m-\p≈ ^e-{]-Za- mb Nph-Sp-shbv∏v Unkw-_¿ 9 apX¬ 16 hsc Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cØp \S∂ 16˛m-aXp tIcf cmPym-¥c Ne-®n-t{Xm-’h - Ø - ns‚ `mK-ambn \S-∂p. kn\namhn]-W\ - Ø - ns‚ km≤y-XI - s - f-∏‰n. tKm-f-X-e-Øn¬ ae-bmf kn\n-ab - psS {]Z¿i-\hpw hnev]-\bpw t{]m’m-ln∏n-°m\pw temI-hn-]W - n-bpsS km≤y-XIƒ tXSm-\p-ambn ‘am¿°-‰nwKv ae-bmf kn\na’ Fs∂mcp ]pXp-thZnIqSn Hcp-

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

B

48

°n- b mWv CØ- h W tIc- f - Ø ns‚ cmPym-¥c - t- af sImSn Cd-ßn-bX - v. Iem-aq-ey-ap≈ ae-bmf Nn{X-߃ BtKm-fh - ym-]I - a - mbn hn]-W\w sNøpI-bmWv am¿°-‰nwKv ae-bmfw kn\n-abpsS e£yw. sF.-F^ - v.F - ^ - v.s - I. AS-

°-ap≈ \nc-h[n cmPym¥c-ta-fIƒ°v BXn-tY-bXzw hln-°p∂ ae-bm-f° - c - bpsS anI® Nn{X- ß ƒ adp- \ m- ´ n¬ th≠{X kzoI-cn-°-s∏-SmsX t]mIp∂nt√ F∂ Nn¥-bmWv CØ-c-samcp thZn cq]o-Ic - n-°p-∂X - n\v Imc-Wa - m-bX - v. tIc-f-Øns‚ cmPym-¥c Ne-®nt{Xm-’h - s - Ø AXns‚ {]tW-Xm-°ƒ H∂- c - ∏ - X n- ‰ m≠p apºp hn`m- h \w sNbvXXv ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS Zriy-kwkv°m-chpw Ne-®n-{Xm-kzm-Z\ afiehpw hnI-kn-∏n-°pIbpw temIkn\na-bpsS cq]-`m-ha - m-‰ß - ƒ ae-bm-fn-Isf ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw \ΩpsS kn\nabv°v AXn-eqsS anI-hns‚ D∂-Xn-Iƒ Iog-S-°m≥ Ah-kcw Hcp-°p-Ibpw Hs° sNøpI F∂ e£yØnemWv. F∂m¬, Ime-{I-a-Øn¬ Ne-®n-{X-ta-fI-fpsS {][m\ ZuXy-ß-fn¬ H-∂mbn kn\n-a-bpsS hn]-W\w amdn. AY-hm, P\p-hcn 2012


tUmIyp-sa‚-dn-Iƒ°v ]pXnb hn]-W\ hgn-Iƒ

P\p-hcn 2012

Nn{X-߃ am¿°‰v sNøm-\p≈ kwhn[m\w CXp- h - s c- b mbpw tafbpsS `mKambn ÿm]nXambn´pan√. CØ-cs - am-ch - ÿ - b - n¬ am¿°-‰nw-Kn\mbnØs∂ Hcp thZn-bp-≠m-th-≠Xv AXym-hi - y-am-sW∂ Xocp-am\w _e-s∏´p. Cu hnjbw ]e-cp-ambn ]¶p-sh-®t∏mƒ Kuc-ha- p≈ Imcyw F∂ A`n-{]mb-hp-ambn \nc-h[ - n-bm-fp-Iƒ apt∂m-´p-h∂p cho{µ≥ ]dbp∂p. A°m-Zan AwK-sa∂v \ne-bn¬ F¥p-sN-øm-\m-hpsa∂ Nn¥-bn-emWv Cu Bibw A°mZan sNb¿am-\mb {]nb-Z¿is‚ ap∂n¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®-Xv. A°m-Z-an-bpsS kao-]\hpw A\p-Iq-e-am-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-\mbn F¥p klm-bhpw sNøm≥ A°m-Zan

Xøm-dm-bn. Aß-s\-bmWv 16˛m-aXv cmPym¥-ct- a-fb - psS `mK-ambn ‘am¿°-‰nwKv aebmf kn\na’ F∂ thZn k÷-am-bX - v. thZn-bpsS B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ F√m Znh- k hpw {]ap- J ¿ ]s¶- S p- ° p∂ kPoh N¿®-Ifpw _nkn-\kv sk‚dn¬ CXp-hsc tiJ-cn-b° v s - ∏´ Nn{X-ßfpsS t]mÿ {]Z¿i-\hpw \S-°p∂p≠v. Ipd™ Znh-kß - f - n-embn 80 Hmfw Nn{X-߃ ChnsS tiJ-cn-°-s∏´p Ign™-Xmbn am¿°-‰nwKv ae-bmf kn\n-abpsS as‰mcp {][m\ Npa-Xe - ° - m-cn-bmb tZim- ` n- a m\n am¿°- ‰ nwKv hn`mKw sU]yq´n Ub-d-IvS¿ C.-Fw.-cm[ ]d™p. “Cu πm‰vt^mw hgn kn\n-Iƒ

vyavasayakeralam

kn\namhn]-W\ - Ø - n-\p≈ {][m\ thZnI-fmbn amdn Ne-®n-t{Xm-’h - ß - ƒ. tIc-f-Ønepw Cu hgn-°p≈ {ia߃ XpS-ßn-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw Imcy-amb apt∂‰w D≠m-bn-√. C°pdn Ne-®n{X A°m-Zan AwKhpw Ne-®n{X {]h¿ØIcpw \S-\p-amb cho-{µ-\mWv {]tXyI XmXv]cysaSpØv Cu cwKØv {]h¿Ø\w Gs‰-SpØp \S-Øp-∂X - v. Ne-®n-{X-ta-fI - f - n-te°v {]mXn-\n[yw e`n-°p∂ ae-bmf Nn{X-߃ hnc-en¬ FÆm-hp-∂Xv am{X-am-Wv. taf-bn-te°v FØmsX t]mIp-∂Xpw Xg-bs - ∏-Sp-∂X - psam-s°-bmbn \nc-h[n Nn{X-߃ P\-ßen-te-°v F-ØmsXt]mIp-∂p. C\n, tafbn¬ {]Z¿in-∏-°-s∏-´m¬Øs∂ Cu

Wn-t°-j≥kv aoUnb hn`mKw ta[m-hn-bmb sPdp-ap≈ tamUtd-‰d- m-bn-cp-∂p. Ne-®n{X A°m-Zan sNb¿am≥ {]nb-Z¿i≥, sk{I-´dn sI.-Pn. kt¥m-j,v B¿´nÃnIv Ub-dI - Sv ¿ _o\m-t]mƒ F∂n-hcpw kwkm-cn-®p.

hyh-kmbtIcfw

tIcf Ne-®n{X A°m-Z-anbpw C¥y≥ tUmIypsa‚dn ^ut≠-j\pw kwbp-‡-ambn kwL-Sn-∏n® ‘{SnK¿ ]n®v’ as‰mcp NphSphbv∏mbn. Ata-cn-°≥, bqtdm-]y≥ cmPy-ß-fn¬ am{Xw {]Nm-c-Øn-ep-≠m-bncp∂ Cu ]≤-Xn°v C¥y-bn¬ XpS°w Ipdn-°m≥ Ign™Xv Hcp kz]v\ km^-ey-am-sW∂v PmthZv P{^n ]d™p. A¿ln-°p∂ ]cn-KW - \ e`n-°mØ tUmIyp-sa‚dn-Isf ap≥\n-cb - n-te°v Db¿Øn-s°m-≠p-hc - n-Ib - mWv {SnK¿ ]n®ns‚ e£y-sa∂pw At±lw Iq´n-t®¿Øp. ]Xn-\m-dm-aXv cmPym-¥c Ne-®n-{X-ta-fb - psS `mKambn tlm´¬ dkn-U≥kn Sh-dn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n® Cu ]cn]mSn bYm¿∞ Pohn-XsØ s{^bn-ap-I-fn¬ HXp°p∂ tUmIyp-sa‚-dn-Iƒ°v Ah A¿ln-°p∂ {]NmcWw Dd-∏m-°pI F∂-XmWv e£y-an-Sp-∂X - v. sFUn-F^ns‚ ÿm]-I\pw t_mfn-hpUv Ne-®n{X \n¿ΩmXmhpw \S-\pamb PmthZv P{^n-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ \S∂ ]cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ hnhn[ hnj-b-߃ ssIImcyw sNbvX Bdv tUmIyp-sa‚-dn-Isf ]Xn-s\m∂v tIm¿∏td‰v ÿm]-\ß - f - psS {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ°v ap∂n¬ Ah-Xcn-∏n-®p. C¥y-bn¬ \n∂p≈ \mev tUmIyp-sa‚-dnIfpw ssN\-bn¬\n∂pw Xmbvhm-\n¬\n∂p-ap≈ Hmtcm∂p-amWv ‘{SnK¿]n-®-n’\v XpS°w Ipdn-®p-sIm≠v thZnbn-se-Øn-b-Xv. πokv tUm≠v _o‰v ao k¿, F s]ÃdnMv tPWn, bq tUm≠v _ntem-M,v _oPnMv s_koPvUv ss_ thÃv, aWn B≥Uv lWn, Z dm‰v sdbvUv XpSßn-bh - b - mWv {]Z¿in-∏n-®X - v. a-lo{µ ssdkv, kn.-Pn.-F® - v. F¿Øv, F≥.-Un.Sn.-hn., Hu´vep°v _nkn-\- v, F°-tWm-anIv ssSwkv, k¬am≥ Jms‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ _obnwKv lyqa≥˛ C¥y≥ ^ut≠-j≥ t^m¿ Zn B¿Svkv, sScqtam s]≥t]mƒ, ]n.-hn.B¿. kn\n-am-kv, ]mt\mkv kuØv Gjy, _nKv kn\n-am-kv F∂o ÿm]-\ß - f - mWv {SnK¿ ]n®n¬ ]s¶-Sp-ØX - .v F√m Nn{X-߃°pw ]m\¬ AwKß-fn¬ anI® {]Xn-I-cWw krjvSn-°m≥ Ign-™p. Ah-bpsS {]Nm-cW - Ø - n\v Xß-fm-em-hp∂ ]cn-{i-aß - ƒ \S-Øp-sa∂v F√m {]Xn-\n-[n-Ifpw ]d-™p. apwss_bnse tkm^nb t]mfn-sS-Iv\n-°n¬ tkmjy¬ IΩyq-

49


aem-bmf kn\n-aI - ƒ ]pXnb hn]-Wn-Iƒ Is≠-ØWw ˛ a{¥n A\n¬Ip-am¿

vyavasayakeralam

hyh-kmbtIcfw

ae-bmf Nn{X-߃°v ]pØ≥ hn]Wnkm≤y-XIƒ e£y-an-Sp∂ am¿°‰nwKv ae-bmfw kn\n-a-bpsS B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ Bcw-`n® kn\nam {]Z¿i-\Øns‚ DZvLm-S\w Sqdnkw a{¥n F.]n. A\n¬Ip-am¿ tlm´¬ slmssd-kWn¬ \n¿∆-ln-®p. tIc-fØ - nse kn\n-aI - ƒ°v hntZ-iØ - pw hntZi kn\n-aIƒ°v tIc-fØ - nepw hn]-W\ - m-hk - c - ß - ƒ Hcp-°m≥ CØcw {ia-߃°v Ign-bp-sa∂v At±lw ]d-™p. kn\nam {]Z¿i-\-Øns‚ kzn®v Hm¨ I¿Ωhpw At±lw \S-Øn. kn\nam`mj F∂Xv temI-`m-jb - mbn Icp-Xs - ∏-Sp-∂Xp-sIm≠v Sqdnkw {]Nm-c-W-Ønepw AXn\v hen-sbmcp ]¶v hln-°m≥ Ign-bp-sa∂v A[y£≥ kwhn-[m-bI - ≥ jmPn F≥. Icp¨ {]kvXm-hn-®p.kmt¶-Xn-I∏ - n-gh - pI-fmWv ae-bmfkn\n-a-I-fpsS hn]-W\km≤y-X-Iƒ Ipd-bv°p-∂-sX∂v kwhn-[m-bI - ≥ Ia¬ ]d-™p. Sqdn-k-Øn\v kn\n-asb klm-bn-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ hnhn[ taJ-e-I-sf°p-dn®v {Kokn¬\ns∂-Ønb kn\nam \n¿Ωm-Xmhv sPbnwkv ]n.- anant°mkv hnh-cn-®p. Ne-®n{X\n¿Ωm-W-Øn¬ a‰v cmPy-ß-fp-ambn kwbp‡kwcw-`ß-fn¬ G¿s∏-Sm≥ C¥yt]msemcp cmPy-Øn\v km≤y-XI - t- f-sd-bm-W.v tIcf-Øn\pw B cwKØv anI® Ah-kc - ß - ƒ Ds≠∂v At±lw Iq´n-t®¿Øp. am¿°-‰nwKv ae-bmfw kn\na tIm˛-Hm¿Un-t\-‰¿ cho-{µ≥ kzmKXhpw kwhn-[m-b-I≥ kn.-]n. ]fl-Ip-am¿ \µnbpw ]d-™p. kn\nam KthjI Ae-Ivkm{µ tjm¿´v, amIvS sNb¿am≥ lcn-Ip-am¿ F∂n-h¿ kwkmcn-®p.

50

Iyqtd‰v sNøm≥ XmXv]-cy-ap-≈-h¿ k_vssS-‰n¬ sNbvXv UnhnUn t^m¿am‰n¬ B°nb Nn{X-߃ ChnsS FØn°-W-sa∂v F√m-h-scbpw Adn-bn-®p. CXn\p {]th-i\ - ^ - okpw a‰pw CuSm-°nbp-an-√.” “CØ-c-samcp {]h¿Ø\w tIc-fØn¬ CXm-Zy-am-bm-Wv. tZiob XeØnepw Iem-flI kzX{¥ kn\n-a-IfpsS am¿°-‰nw-Kn-\mbn th≠{X ]cym]vXa - mb kwhn-[m-\ß - s - fm∂pw Ct∏mƒ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂n-√.” temI-Øns‚ \m\m-`m-KØp \n∂v Ne-®n-{X-t{]-an-Iƒ Hgp-In-sb-Øp∂ cmPym-¥c taf-If - n¬, \n¿`m-Ky-hi - m¬, am¿°-‰nw-Kn\v Xosc {]m[m\yw sImSp°p-∂n-√. \√ kn\n-a-Iƒ hmßm-\m-{Kln-°p-∂-h¿°pw hnX-c-W-°m¿°pw

AØcw kn\n-aI-sfbpw kwhn-[m-bI - scbpw ]cn-Nb - s - ∏-Sm≥ ]‰nb thZn IqSnbmWv tZiob Ne-®n-{X-ta-fI - ƒ. AØc-samcp {ia-^e - a - m-bmWv CØ-hW - sØ s^Ãn-h-en¬ CØ-c-samcp thZnbv°v XpS°w Ipdn-®X - v. temI- k n- \ n- a - I ƒ°v \s√mcp hn`mKw t{]£-I¿ \ap-°p-≠v. AXpt]mseXs∂ \ne-hm-cØ - n-ep≈ kn\n-aIƒ ae-bm-f-Ønepw D≠m-hp-∂p-≠v. Ah am¿°‰v sNø-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-eqsS \ΩpsS kn\n-Iƒ temI-\n-eh - m-cØ - n¬ {i≤n-°s - ∏-Sp-sa∂v am{X-a√ - , Iem-aq-eyap≈ Nn{X-߃ sNøm≥ IqSp-X¬ Bfp-Iƒ apt∂m´p hcn-Ibpw sNøpw. “Ct∏mƒ kn\na sNøp∂ ]Øv bph-kw-hn-[m-bI - sc FSp-Øm¬ AXn¬ A©p-t]cpw Xß-fpsS a\kn-

ep≈ kn\na hn´p-ho-gvN-I-fn-√msX sNøWw F∂m-{K-ln-°p-∂-h-cm-Wv. AXn¬\n∂v Ahsc ]n¥n-cn-∏n-°p∂ H‰°m-cWw kzX{¥kn\n-Iƒ hn]-Wnbn¬ ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp∂p F∂p-≈-Xm-Wv. Ct∏m-gsØ Ah-ÿ-bn¬ Iem-ta-∑bp≈ Nn{X-߃ am¿°‰v sNøm≥ kwhn-[m-\-߃ H∂p-an-√. Cub-h-ÿbn¬ Xß-fpsS Nn{X-߃ am¿°‰v sNøm\pw Hcp thZn Hcp-ßp-∂p-sh∂ hm¿Ø kzX{¥ kn\n-ab - psS h‡m-°fmb kwhn-[m-b-I¿ Bth-i-tØm-sSbmWv kzoI-cn-®X - v.” cho-{µ≥ ]d-™p. jmPn F≥. Icp¨, ]fl-Ip-am¿, entbm Xt±-hq-kv, hnt\mZv a¶c F∂nßs\ kwhn-[m-b-I-cp-sSbpw Ne-®n-{X{]-h¿Ø-I-cp-sSbpw \o≠ \ncXs∂ am¿°- ‰ nwKv ae- b mfw kn\n- a - b psS N¿®m-th-Zn-If - n¬ kPo-ha - m-bncp∂p. kn\n-asb hyh-km-b-ambn ]cn-KWn®v \ne- h n- e p≈ \nb- a - ß ƒ°v Abhp hcp-Øp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ am¿°‰nw-Kns\ AtXsd klm-bn-°p-sa∂v am¿°-‰nwKv ae-bmfw kn\n-ab - psS N¿®bn¬ ]s¶-SpØ kp\n¬ tZmjn ]d™p. “\ne- h n- e p≈ hºn® SmIv k pw sk≥k¿jn∏v \qem-am-e-Ifpw cmPym¥c hn]-Wn-If - n-te°v kn\n-asb FØn°p-∂Xn\v hne-ßp-X-Sn-bm-Wv. anI® kn\n-aI - sf kwc-£n-°m\pw hn]-W\w \S-Øm\pw a‰p cmPy-ß-fn-ep-≈-Xpt]mse ]cym-]vX-amb kwhn-[m-\-߃ C¥ybn-en-√.” C¥y≥ hn]-Wn-I-fnse√mw At\z-jn®v In´m-Xn-cp∂ ASqcns‚ Hcp Nn{X-Øns‚ UnhnUn ]Xn∏v e≠-\n¬ Xm≥ Is≠Øn kz¥-am°nb IY At±lw Hm¿Ωn-®p. “Cu ÿnXnbv°v am‰w htc≠ Imew Ign™n-cn-°p-∂p.” \√ kn\n- I ƒ P\- ß - f n- t e°v FØn- ° p- ∂ - X n¬ am≤y- a - ß ƒ°pw \n¿Æm-bI ]¶p-s≠∂v ‘kn\n-am-e-b’bpsS ÿm]-Ib - mb AcpW hmkp-tZhv A`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p. “C¥y-bn¬ kn\nam amkn- I - s b- ∂ m¬ ^nenws^b- d pw Ãm¿U- à p- s am- s °- b m- W v. Ah {]mapJyw sImSp- ° p∂ Nn{X- ß ƒ GsXm-s°-bm-sW∂v \ap-°d- n-bmw. kzX{¥, Iem-aq-ey-ap≈ Nn{X-ßsf°pdn-®v F-gp-Xp-Ibpw Ahsb t{]m’m-ln-∏n°p-I-bpw sNøp∂ F{X amkn-I-Iƒ \ap-°p≠v? \√ Nn{X-߃ ImWm\pw Ah-sb-°p-dn®v Adn-bm\pw XmXv]-cyap≈ Bfp-Iƒ [mcm-f-ap-≠v. ]s£ AsX-ßs\ km≤y-amIpw F∂-h¿°-dnbn-√. AØ-c-°m-cn-te°v kn\n-asb FØn-°pI F∂-XmWv {][m-\w”. N¿®-Ifpw Xocp-am-\-ß-fp-sam-s°bmbn am¿°-‰nwKv ae-bmfw kn\na P\p-hcn 2012


dmU knknIv C¥y≥ Ne-®n{X{]h¿Ø-I¿°v kz¥w krjvSn-Iƒ am¿°‰v sNøm≥ hi-an-s√∂v s\X¿em‚ v kwhn-[m-bI dmU knkn-Iv. Unkw-_¿ 13˛se Hm∏¨ t^md-Øn¬ ]s¶-SpØv kwkm-cn-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp∂p Ah¿. temI-sØ-ºm-Sp-ambn 3800 Hmfw Ne-®n-{X-ta-f-Ifp≠v. Ign™ h¿jamWv {]ikvX tdm´¿Umw Ne-®n-{X-ta-fb - n¬ Hcp ae-bmfNn-{X-sa-Øp-∂X - v. taf-I-fn¬ {]th-i\w tXSp∂ kn\n-a-tbmSv {]Xn-_-≤X ]pe¿Ø-W-sa∂v Ah¿ ]d-™p. \√ kn\n-aI - s - f-°p-dn-®p≈ hnh-cß - ƒ ]¶p-sh-bv°m≥ Ne®n{X A°m-Zan t]mep≈ {]mtZin kn\na Iq´m-ba v I - ƒ A\n-hm-cy-am-sW∂pw dmU knknIv A`n-{]m-bs - ∏-´p. Ne-®n-{X-ta-ft- bm-S\ - p-_‘ - n®v \S-Ønb Hm∏¨ t^md--Øn¬ A¥m-cmjv{S Ne-®n-{X-ta-fI - f - n¬ {]mtZ-inI Nn{X-ßf - psS hn]W\ km[y-X-Iƒ F∂ hnj-b-sØ-°p-dn®v kwkm-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p Ah¿. Ne-®n-{X-ta-fI - ƒ°v Abbv° - p∂ Nn{X-߃ {]Z¿-i\ka-b{- Iaw ]men°m-\mbn sh´n-®p-cp-°p-∂Xv \n¿`m-Ky-Ic - a - m-sW∂v eo\ aWn-ta-Je A`n-{]mb-s∏-´p. taf-I-fnepw Xntb-‰-dp-I-fnepw Hcp t]mse t{]£I {i≤ t\Sp∂ Nn{X-ßf - mWv D≠m-th-≠s - X∂v Xangv kwhn-[m-bI \ncp-]a kpµ¿ A`n-{]mb-s∏-´p. C¥y≥ kn\n-I-fn¬ kwKo-X-Øns‚ kzm[o\w IqSp-X-em-Wv. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ hntZitaf-If - n¬ C¥y≥ Nn{X-߃°v hn]-W\km≤yX Ipdhm-sW∂v saIvkn-°≥ kn\nam \ncq-]I tdmk Imcntem ]d-™p. {]Xn`mZmcn-{Zy-a√ C¥y≥ Ne-®n{X{]h¿Ø-Isc hntZ-it- a-fI - f - n¬\n∂v AI‰p-∂s - X∂v A¥m-cmjv{S Ne-®n-{X-ta-fI - f - psS kwLm-SI - b - mb Dam tU Iq\m ]d-™p. \√ kn\n-Iƒ am¿°‰v sNøm≥ `mj XS- a - s - √∂v {Ko°v \n¿Ωm-Xmhv sPbnwkv anan-t°mkv ]d-™p. iin ]d-hq¿ BWv Hm∏¨ t^mdw \bn-®X - v.

P\p-hcn 2012

Ne-®n{X {]h¿Ø-Ibpw Fgp-Øp-Im-cnbpw kzX-{¥ -am-≤ya{]h¿Ø-I-bp-amWv teJnI

vyavasayakeralam

C¥y≥ kn\n-a-Iƒ ^e-{]-Z-ambn hn]-W\w sNø-s∏-Sp-∂n√

]ªn-kn-‰n-b° v m-hi - y-am-bs - Xm∂pw Nn{XØn-s\m-∏a - p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. DS-\Sn Xømdm-°nb GXm\pw t]mÃ-dp-Iƒ ]Xn®v Iem- ` - h - \ n¬ kzX- { ¥- a mbn Nn{Xw {]Z¿in-∏n-®p, \nd-™p-Ih - n™ klr-Zb-k-Z- n\p ap∂n¬! Cu kw`hw cho{µ-s\bpw kplr-Øp-°-sfbpw Kuc-hambn Nn¥n-∏n-®p. “Ne- ® n- { X- t a- f - I - f n¬ Ct∏mƒ sNøp-∂X - p-t]mse ]pd-Øn-dß - nb h¿jØn\v am¿°-‰nw-Kn¬ {]m[m-\y-an-√”, cho-{µ≥ ]d-bp-∂p. “Aß-s\-bm-bm¬ ]gb Nn{X-߃ ]pd-¥≈ - s - ∏-Spw. ImemXo-Xa - mWv kn\n-a. Ahsb hnhn[ hn`mK-ßf - n-embn Xcw Xncn-°p-Ib - mhpw IqSpX¬ Ffp-∏w. Ncn{X kn\n-a-Iƒ, Ip´pI-fpsS hn`m-Kw, anØp-Isf ASn-ÿm\-a-°n-bh F∂n-ßs\ XcwXncn°p∂Xv hn]-W\w Ffp-∏a - m-°pw”. _pkm≥, Im≥, s_¿en≥, sh\okv XpS-ßnb hnJymX Ne-®n-{X-taf-I-fn¬ ae-bmf Nn{X-ß-fpsS {]Z¿i\-hpw hnev]\ - bpw \S-Øm-\p≈ ÃmfpIƒ e`y-am-°m-\p≈ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ Bcw`n-°p-hm-\p≈ {ia-Øn-emWv ‘am¿°‰nwKv ae-bmfw kn\na’ {]h¿ØI¿ Ct∏mƒ. Ne-®n-{X-ta-fI - ƒ°p ]pd-sa, hnhn[ k¿∆-Ie - m-im-eI - ƒ hgn-bpw kmaq-lnI kwL-S-\-Iƒ hgnbpw kn\na am¿°‰v sNøm-\p≈ {iaw \S-Øpw. Fjybnse a‰p ]e cmPy-ßfpw Cu coXn-bn¬ hnPb- I - c - a mbn am¿°- ‰ nwKv \S- Ø p- ∂ ps≠∂v cho-{µ≥ ]d-™p. am¿°-‰nw-Kn-\mbn Hcp thZn In´n F∂Xp Xs∂-bmWv CØ-h-WsØ sFF^vF^vsIbn¬ D≠m-b t\´w. taf Xo¿∂mepw am¿°-‰nwKv ae-bmfw kn\na AXns‚ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fp-ambn apt∂m´p t]mIpw. ^o®¿ kn\na am{Xa-√, hoUntbm Nn{X-ßfpw am¿°‰v sNøm-\p≈ kwhn-[m\w kao]`mhnbn¬ G¿s∏- S p- Ø p- s a∂v cho- { µ≥ ]d™p.

hyh-kmbtIcfw

kPo-ha - m-Ip-∂X - ns‚ kt¥m-jØ - n-emWv cho-{µ≥. temI\n-eh - m-ca - p≈ Nn{X-ßf - psS \s√mcp tiJcw Xs∂ kz¥am-bp≈ Ct±-l-Øns‚ Zo¿L-\m-fm-bp≈ B{Kl-Øns‚bpw ]cn-{i-aØ - n-s‚bpw IqSn ^e-amWo thZn. h¿j-߃°p-apºp Xs∂ CØ-cs - amcp Nn¥ DS-se-SpØn-cp-∂p-sh∂v cho-{µ≥ Hm¿°p∂p. 1988emW-Xv. A∂v AU-bm¿ ^nenw C≥Ãn-‰yq-´nse hnZym¿∞n-bmWv cho{µ≥. Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cØph®p \S∂ tZiob Ne-®n-{X-ta-fbn¬, Iem-aq-ey-ap≈ Nn{X-am-bn´pw ‘ImWn-\n-ew’ F∂ Xangv Nn{Xw Xnc-kvI-cn-°-s∏-´p. Fß-s\bpw B Nn{Xw P\-ß-fn-te°v FØn-°pIXs∂ thW-sa∂v cho-{µ\pw Iq´p-Im¿°pw tXm∂n. t]mkv‰d- p-Iƒ, t\m´o-kp-Iƒ XpSßn

51


Vyavsayakeralam Magazine  

Official publication of Department of Industries and Commerce, Government of Kerala

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