Factory and enterprise systems
tion time. The concept also saves expensive production space. Changes are cost-effective to realize when only the equipment part needs to be replaced. Much research has recently been put into completely distributed systems in which intelligence has been distributed to individual components (grippers etc.) and, according to our study, this kind of approach did not seem to be realistic because of the complexity and sky-high costs.
Conclusions The new production concept has been created. It is more expensive to realize than dedicated assembly lines, but in the long run the DeskAssy concept is more cost-effective. The ultimate vision would be to build an assembly line that is like plugging USB devices into the computer, with the connected devices being fully functional right after connection. It is a long way to that vision, many obstacles need to be crossed and big companies will need to agree to some new standards.
Figure 3. Desktop Light Assembly Platform demonstration.
Publications Malm, T., Viitaniemi, J., Marstio, I., Toivonen, S., Koskinen, J., Venho, O., Salmi, T., Laine, E. & Latokartano, J. Vuorovaikutteisen robotiikan turvallisuus. Suomen Robotiikkayhdistys Ry, Helsinki, Finland, 2008. 123 p. + app. 73 p. (In Finnish.) Marstio, I., Haag, M. & Väätäinen, O. Self-configuring control system for modular assembly system. 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Assembly and Manufacturing, ISAM 2009, Seoul, Korea, 17–20 November, 2009, Pp. 379–382. Doi: 10.1109/ISAM.2009.5376972. Salmi, T., Marstio, I., Malm, T. & Laine, E. ManRobot Cooperation – New Technologies and New Solutions. Micro-Assembly Technologies and Applications. IFIP TC5 WG5.5 Fourth International Precision Assembly Seminar, IPAS’2008, Chamonix, France. Pp. 385–394. Springer, New York, 2008.
Production matters. VTT in global trends. Kai Häkkinen (ed.)