PIAGGIO AERO INDUSTRIES
REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS The New Frontiers of Aviation Diego Giuseppe Romano, RT&D Engineer at Piaggo Aero Industries The founding principles of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) were introduced in the 1960s, but only in the last decades has a profound study of this type of aircraft been conducted. The USA and Israel hold the pre-eminence in this type of system, but the EU is actively trying to bridge the gap.
of 3 main components: 1. A Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA); 2. A Remote Pilot Station(s) (RPS), where the operator(s) command the RPA, fol-
EUROPEAN STRATEGY FOR RPAS Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) are powered, aerial vehicles which do not carry any human operator on board and are able to fly autonomously or to be remotely piloted. The request of such type of vehicles has increased in the past few decades mainly due to the geopolitical nature of conflicts in several parts of the globe. The absence of a pilot onboard has several advantages, some of which are that the duration of the mission is not linked to pilotâ€™s skills and fatigue and in case the aircraft crashes or is shot down, there is no human loss. According to ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) , there are three types of UAS, namely, RPAS, Model Aircraft and Autonomous Aircraft. RPAS is a very complex system composed 14
NÂ°2 2016 LEONARDO TIMES
Figure 1 - European stakeholder and Regulatory System.