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Portfolio

VEERASU SAETAE 2013

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I Veerasu Saetae, hereby attest that all drawings and works included in this portfolio are original creation. This portfolio was compiled over the course of tume and displaays several of my best accomplishments at International Program in Design and Architecture, Chulalongkorn University.

Veerasu Saetae Address:90/703 Mantana Village Soi Prachauti 129 Prangkru Prapadeang Samutprakarn, Thailand 10130 Phone : (+66)80293336 Fax : (+66)24628671 Email : verasu.saetae@gmail.com Website: http://vsustudio.blogspot.com/ :http://visceralintricacythecreation.blogspot.com/search/label/Veerasu%20Saetae

International Program in Design + Architecture Office. Room the four hundred and ninth, Architecture Buillding. Faculty of Architecture | Chulalongkorn University. Phyathai Road, Bangkok 10330 THAILAND.

Phone: 662-218-4330 Fax: 662-218-4331. E-mail:. Contact@cuinda.com. Website:. Http://www.cuinda.com/.


Content 2013_VISCERAL INTRICACY STUDIO (Architecture as performance) Project title : Fountain of the liquid stone

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2013_ RECONSIDERING ARCHITECTURE SCHOOL STUDIO Project title : Reconstitute Architecture School

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2012_ ARCH III_KNOWLEDGE RESOURCE CENTER Project title : Learning Infrastructure

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2011_ARCH II_RETIREMENT HOUSE FOR ELDER Project title : Bread mold experiment of form finding

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2011_ARCH II _FERRY CROSSING AND INTERPRETATION CENTER Project title : Bread mold experiment of form finding

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2011_DESIGN WORKSHOP Project title : Cinemetric, sensori-motor city in Tainan and Taipei

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2012_DESIGN AND BUILD PROJECT Project title : Mudbrick architecture in North India

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2012_DESIGN FOR COMMUNITY 125-129 Project title : Design pavillion at Thonglor Informal settlement, Bangkok 3


Fountain of the liquid stone

New Hindu Urban sacred space Project’s location : Pottinger Street,Hong kong , China

2013,VISCERAL INTRICACY II,Architecture as Performance Experience Driven Architecture of New Urban Sacred Places Tutor: Carl Fredrik Valdemar Hellberg, AA Dip. (hons) ARB/RIBA II

Water, the driving force in nature, a source of life, a source of myth, a foundation of human life and inseparable from faith Manifesto : Water in Hinduism is a significant ritual medium. It has a power to purify one’s soul. By bathing at the sacred river, lake or ocean, one lifetime‘s sin could be omitted. It also has a power to unite people together. In Kumbh Mela, the largest human gathering on earth, more than 30 million people gather here every 12 years to take a dip at Ganges River, Indian River of life. Water, in an urban environment, flows through city’s infrastructure in various shapes and logics to the city inhabitants. Pipe system is equivalent to blood vessel that keeps the city alive; fire hydrant is an object to ensure the city’s fire safety, water bottle has been manufactured to ensure a cities’ water supply. With these types of containers, people can access to more natural or pure water sources around the world. Water becomes a valuable resource and is expensive. Architecture has performed its role in both spiritual and practical purposes. In religious, architecture is an embodiment of God through its massive and highly ornate structure. In Hinduism, believers are speaking to architecture, and non-believers are overwhelmed by this unique experience. In pragmatic world, architecture and its inhabitants are served through network of pipe infrastructure providing support to all kind of necessities. Fountain of the Liquid stone has brought architecture to life; it is breathing, groaning, sweating, shivering, singing, chanting, praying, greeting and talking to you. It is a drinking fountain, a street cleaning machine, a heat and cold generator and most importantly a space for Hindu spiritual practice. 5


Rendering -- Views from the Queen central road to the entrance of the project.

Project Description PART 1: Project location At the heart of Hong Kong city, the fountain of the Liquid stone lays along a slope of Pottinger Street also known as the stone slab street. The entrance starts at Queen Central Road, which is the busiest pedestrian area- intersecting with other sub-streets, namely Stanley Street and Wellington Street. At noon the street is full of businessmen and women wearing suits; they walk fast. Street vendors make this area a unique characteristic place with adapted container shops, which fit perfectly to the slope of the street. The shops are selling miscellaneous and various stuff, from clothes, shoes, bags, watches, newspaper, ribbons, and bows, smoothie to Chinese talismans, fancy wigs, costumes and masquerade masks. At night, when the shops are closed, the atmosphere of the street is completely flipped. Shops are pushed back; street lights turned on. It becomes calm and empty space.

PART 2: Hinduism Hinduism is the oldest living religion in the world. It goes back at least 5000 years; it has no single founder, doctrine, scripture and no definite starting date. Hindu people believe in the eternal soul, the cycle of birth and death, Law of Karma and God. Once the soul committed bad karma, the soul will degrade and transform to lower spices: land animal, bird, reptiles, insect, plant and aquatic. The ultimate goals of all Hindu are to achieve Moksha, the liberation from birth and death. There are many paths for ones to achieve the salvation and reunion with their God: path of action, path of wisdom, path of devotion and path of mediation. There are 33 million Deities in Hinduism; the Tritunitr are the highest god, Brahma, the creator of the world, Vishnu, the preserver, source of all things, Vishnu sleeps floating on the shoreless cosmic ocean and we are the stuff of his dreaming. Shiva, the supreme soul, the destroyer, the king of dancers, his dancing keep the cosmic in motion of destruction and creation. There many temples in India dedicated to Lord Shiva. In Hinduism, God can be male or female; the


Hinduism Brief and History Diagram -- Diagrams illustrate the brief of Hinduism: Law of Karma, Eternal soul and Gods 7


female gods are representing as ‘divine couples’. Each of Trimutri has a consort: Brahma’s consort, Saravatri, is the Goddess of learning and the arts, Vishnu’s partner, Laskshmi,is the Goddess of fortune and Shiva’s wife, Shakti also known as Paravati,Durga or Kali, is the Mother earth. Ganesha, the elephant-headed, the son of Shiva and Paravati, is risking his life to defend the honor of his mother. Hindu people believe in avatars and incarnation of God in a human form, Vishnu has 10 forms: two of them are Rama and Krishna. Festival and Rituals Many of the Hindu practices, rituals and festivals are related with water and gathering of people. Lingam worship Lingam, rounded cylindrical image, the symbol of Lord Shiva. It usually made of stone, wood earth crystal or precious gem. To start the Lingam worship the bell will be rang and the stone will be washed with Ganges water, milk and yogurt while the devotees chanting the mantra, uttering” om namah shivaya”. After this the Lingam will smeared with sandalwood paste and decked with flowers. This will make a Lingam cool. Finally, ringing of bells or blowing of conch indicates the end of the worship. Ganesha Chaurchi or Ganesha birthday This festival held in early September, it will last for 10 days. On the last day, there will be a farewell procession in which the statue of Lord Ganesha is carried by the devotees to the heavenly adobe, in the river. Holi Festival It is the festival of colors which occurred across India; it celebrates the triumph of good over evil and welcome the season of spring. People will spray and applying colored water and powders on friends and family. Maha Khumb mela 2013 The commitment of the devotees to the physical contact with scared water is so strong that it had brought more than 30 million Hindu together on 10 February 2013, to take a royal dip in the most scared spot on earth at Allahabad in Northern India, which occurred every 12 years. It is the largest human gathering on in the world; 30 times more than the pilgrims to Mecca. The pilgrims are here to bathe in scared river, Ganges River, which will remove one’s life-time sins. A

temporary site is constructed for this festival: temporary tents, sanitary, electricity and 14 of temporary iron pantoon bridges crossing the river. The festival has brought millions of holy men together; they dedicated themselves to the religious, using path of action. There are many types of holymen, namely: Preist, Yogi, Saudhu, Nagas sadhu. The Sudhu will wear orange robe, which signified fire. Nagas sadhu is naked a sadhu who smears their bodies with ash and have long dreads hair. The Sadhu daily practice is involve chanting mantra, fire offering, practice self-discipline, selftorture practice such as sleeping upside down, take a vow of silence, surrendering a hand by holding it up all the time. Some believe that smoking marijuana will aid their enlightenment. Bathing day The evening before the main bathing day, Hundreds of Naga Sadhus gather before going in for a procession to take a holy dip in the Ganges. They perform all kind of feats, to show off their warrior skills, with their weapons, which include sticks, tridents, swords and spears. At 3 Am, they will start to form a line to march across to Sangam, the scared spot, convergence of the Ganges and Yamuna River. They chant along the way “All glory to mother Ganges” When the sun rises, the Nagas sudhu will lead the ceremony; they will take a bathe first for several hour. They will take a dip, chanting mantra, praying, mediating. Some will carry godly weapons with them. After the holy men are done, other pilgrims can join the ritual. After one take bath in the most scared spot, all their life time‘s sins will be forgiven. Religious Commitment Kalapani taboo Forbidden Indian people travel across the sea, as one crossing the ocean, he will loss his castle status and it will end one’s reincarnation cycle as the travelers were cut off from the regenerating water of Ganges. In 1901, a Hindu devotee, Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II, who needed to travel cross the sea to England, had ordered to build a pair of largest sterling silver vessels to carry water of Ganges River for his personal uses during the trip. Each water urn has a capacity of 4000 Liter, weight 345 kilograms and stand at 1.6 meter height. They took 2 year to make and used a total of 14,000 silver coins. It is the largest single solid piece of silver on earth. The reason for this is to avoid the punishment of the kalapani taboo by crossing the river.


Hinduism Artifacts, Festivals, Dress code and temple typology Diagram 9


Khumb Mela Festival Diagram --Diagrams shows Hindu major Festival, Khumb Mela the largest Human gathering on Earth.


Along the Pottinger street, Hong Kong

PART 3: Hong Kong General Introduction Estimates 40,000 Hindus live in Hong Kong, most of them are treated as low income workers. They have a domestic job: security, butler, construction workers etc. This can be witnessed in main business area of Hong Kong Island. Hong Kong is one of the world leading financial centers in the world. It is one of the most highly populated cities. The harbor is one of the biggest and busiest deep-water ports in the world. It is the key factor in the economic development of Hong Kong. A port handling 23.9 million of 20 foot container a year; 456000 vessels arrived in and departed from Hong Kong. The Quayside cranes, gantries, reach stackers are working synchronizing to gain the maximum profit. The faster it moves, the more money it makes. Since Hong Kong is an island, it lacks natural lake, river, ground water and resources, so it has to import food and raw materials from the neighboring countries. It has always been difficult to provide an adequate water supply to meet the demand of a highly populated city. Thus, 70 percent of the fresh water is imported from Dongjiang River in Guangdong province in mainland China. More than 70 percent of Honking’s water is used

by industry, service and manufacturing. Therefore, drinking water is one of the valuable resources that keep the city function. However, Hong Kong is still lacking public drinkable water sources. Water infrastructure in the urban environment is relying on pipe system as a main actor to transport water to the residence. Since 1998 Hong Kong has adopted full scaled use of Polyethylene pipe in water supply system and banned the use of Galvanized Iron Pipes, Asbestos Cement Pipes because they are prone to corrosion and poisoning. However, this requirement does not apply to pipes and fittings installed prior to 23 December 1995 nor to minor repairs to such plumbing works. Street Cleaning Hong Kong‘s nightlife is one of the major attraction of Hong Kong. As the project is next to Hong Kong major night life attraction, namely Lan Kwai Fong, which has many nightclubs and bars nearby. On Friday and Saturday‘s nights, the street will be full of tourists and foreigners. The party would continue up to 5 am in the morning. It left behind many trashes, alcohol, broken glasses, and drinkers’ vomits on the street. Every Sunday‘s morning, the street will be washed and cleaned with high pressure nozzles, water trucks and mobs. 11


Bangkok container terminal choreography -- Drawing of simple sequential loading and unloading containers in one of a moment in time.


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Existing condition at Pottinger Street -- Along this street is full of vendor shops.


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isometric drawing -- ISO illustrates details and functions of the artifact along the street.


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Project ‘s Description PART 4: Fountain of the Liquid stone Fountain of the Liquid stone is a place for Hindu spiritual space and urban public space. The project speculates on architecture as a religious commutative device that could convey the experience to both believers and non-believers. The aim of the project is to explore the notion of physical contact with water, both in Hinduism and urbanized city like Hong Kong. Inspired by the Hindu rituals and festival, the fountain of the liquid stone has designed to perform those ceremonies in an outdoor urban environment. The project offers a public drinking fountain, a street cleaning device, a heat and cold generator and a space for Hindu spiritual means. The design begins by integrating water infrastructure system, water reservoir and pipe, with Hindu‘s artifacts and ornaments. Fountain of the Liquid stone has 4 main layers of pipe lines running along the project; each line contains different types of water. The first level is the drinking water pipes: containing natural spring water, mineral water and sparkling bottled water. Each type of water will run in its own pipe cycle and has its own loop. The second layer is the rain water pipe; this pipe is connected to the street washing nozzles which are installed every 6 meters along the project. It will operate daily as the ceremony is performed. The third level is the spiritual water pipes; these pipes carry water from Ganges River, milk and yogurt that will use to perform Lingam worship, washing a lingam ceremony, every morning. Those pipes will be placed above the 3 meters height stone lingam at the top of the street. As the ceremony begins, the street will be washed and cleaned automatically. The last layer is the temperature pipes; these pipes could radiate heat during winter and could cool down the space in summer. It would reduce stress to the people passing by, and create controllable experiential atmosphere.

The water tower station, based at existing construction site on Queen Central road, will be the controlling hub of the project. The trailers and trucks will unload their water here. The water will be stored in typical water reservoirs that connected to beautiful ornamented copper pipes which then will be pumped to the four public drinking fountains along the street. The design of fountains is inspired from the Hindu artifacts which are used to worship Hindu Gods. These objects have significance meaning and pronounce a specific way to interact with water. Above each drinking fountain there will be a special designing sub-water reservoir to reduce the pressure of the water before distributing it. In the near future, the project would eventually become a hub, containing various types of water, which any water brands could rent to advertise their brand or Hong Kong administration would consider accommodate and facilitate Hong Kong people by providing a free pubic Evian drinking fountain for instance. It will be a new method of delivering drinking water to Hong Kong residence. The Pottinger street is becoming smaller every day, from the expansion of objects and goods from the street vendors. As it is the nature of the business to expand and grow, the shops will being to integrate their structure with the pipe as more and more pipes are being installed. This new urban performative structure is now slowly emerging with the local people as the Hindu community in Hong Kong is becoming more acknowledged. Hindu rituals, beliefs and festivals are being introduced to the public. The fountain would eventually become the center of Hindu community in Hong Kong for any spiritual practices. It will be full of energy and faith during the major Hindu festival.


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Long Section Drawing -- Section predicts the future installing part of the project and illustrates the one of the Hindu festival, Holi festival, the festival of color.


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Ornament artifact cards My project aims to create a new form of how human would interact with water both spiritually and practically in the urban environment of Hongkong. By manipulating water infrastructure including water pipes (tap water, drinking water), water reservoir, water tank and water delivery method, a new urban sacred space would be created. In Hindu belief, water is an important medium to its spiritual belief in that it has a power to purify one’s soul. Many regilious artifacts are being transformed in to drinking fountain, water container. Water infrastructure in the urban environment is relying on pipe system as a main actor to transport water to the residence. In this project, water pipes have been crafted with Hindu patterns which are symbloized God, belief or ritual. This deck of ornamental cards contains explanation of the significant artifacts pertain to Hinduism and water. It illustrates how these artifacts manifest in the design.


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RECONSTITUTE ARCHITECTURE SCHOOL 2013_Reconsider Architecture School

Project’s location : Faculty of Architecture, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok Thailand Tutors: Yarinda Bunnag, Master of Architecture,Harvard Graduate School of Design William Patera, Master of Science in Architecture Studies, MIT

Architecture space should be able to regenerate itself As People is the most dynamic thing in architecture. Manifesto : Architecture is designed for a specific type of users, in our case is for an institution. People changes and therefore instituion is also ever changing.From the day that INDA was founded, the programs andcuriculum has been changing many times. However, as the new vision is expanding, the building isnot. Our faculty building is not designed to keep up with the ever changing notion of the institution. As can be seen through the method of renovation which is to fix the problem superficially but not at its root. Therefore, the renovation process is tidious and never ending, every year there is something to fix and the problem keep on arasing due to the fact that the building did not design to anticipate anu future uses. While the new space for education need to be able to reconstitute itself. With the flexibility at its core, the space will be capable of reconstruction itself physically inrelation to the needs of the instituion or its users.

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Rendering -- A view of the football field opposite to Faculty of architecture

Brief “Failed democracies, failed nation, failed banks, failed capitalism, failed socialism.It is a great moment to feel the pulse of history Some might see this as opportunity to renew our faith in the social contract, in justice, law and fair play. But through Enlightenment ideals are not dead, they are hardly alive either. Making sense of this will be a global challenge for the coming generation of thinkers and politicians; perhaps architecture can have a voice too, for if there is one discipline that can best be identified with both Enlightenment and it failure it is architecture.” Jarzombek, Mark It is time to take a step back. It is time to take inventory. Time to put your finger on the pulse, and keep it there. It is time to reconsider architecture school, and the discipline of architecture itself. Is architecture even a discipline and what is the future of architecture? For architecture historian Mark Jarzombek architecture is “a failed discipline“ as it count not keep pace with the contemporary philosophical discourse at the key moment in history. But do not despair. Jarzombek suggests

that instead of lamenting what he identifies as disciplinary failure, we should actively celebrate it, incorporate the disciplinary failure into our theoretical frameworks and engage it in architecture practice. Amidst these arguments of failure, how can we critically and optimistically design for the future of our practice? What about the future of architecture education? What should the architecture school of the future look like, how should it function, and how should it address sociocultural realities? A school of architecture is a special type of building and, perhaps one of the most challenging spaces to design. A school of architecture must simultaneously accommodate a large variety if functional demands, serve as a didactic model for both students and professors, foster trans-disciplinary collaboration, enable dynamic capacities of expansion and academic flux, and engage social, cultural, and historical narratives. The project challenges ones to design a new school of architecture for International program in design and architecture of Chulalongkorn University.


Diagram -- illustrate the renovation process over 50 years of the Faculty of architecture.

Site The faculty of architecture at Chulalongkorn University is one of the oldest schools of architecture in Thailand, with its first students their studies in the early 1930. The school of architecture as a physical space, completed in 1940, now accommodates the Thai architecture program both undergraduate architecture and master degree, the International program in design and architecture, Landscape architecture and interior design. Also under the aegis of the faculty is the Industrial design and International program of communication design. Not only must the school, as a physical artifact, encapsulate these diverse programs of inquiry and modes of working but should also serve as a didactic model or pedagogical tool for these diverse practices. Project Description The project was launched in 2012 by the dean of faculty of architecture school, Chulalongkorn University, in an attempt to reconsider education system. Where there would normally be controlled with the top-down management that the system has been corrupted with political issue, grading system and internal matters. Moreover, it is by the nature of any institutions to grow and expand. The existing architecture could not keep up with this rapid expansion and the building ended up with tedious and endless renovation process which is in inevitable. This project along with a contract stated that every 4 years, the architectural students, teachers, and staffs of Chulalongkorn University will have

the rights to vote for the future of the school. Each person will only be able to vote for Shared spaces that they would like to renovate, add, or shrink. The contract aim is to solve these situations, by proposing a flexible system of architecture that is adaptable and responsive to the needs of current users. During the voting day, each eligible member of the faculty will have one vote, and each equal to a point. After the voting is finished, there will be a list of the programs announced to be removed, renovated, or contracted. Those programs will be gradually constructed with in the 4 years period. On the other hand, any spaces which owned by a specific department, for example International programs in architecture and design, interior, urban,Thai architecture etc would take a turn to renovate in a cycle of one year. The programs that are under construction would be placed in a transit space provided in the 3 court yards of the faculty. 29


LEGEND OFFICE AREAt PUBLIC SPACE

COMPUTER ROOM LIBRARY EXHIBITION ROOM

LECTURE ROOM FOOD AREA 1

AUDITURIUM

STAFF ROOM FOOD AREA

STUDIO INDA ARCHITECTURE

THAI ARCHITECTURE INTERIOR DESIGN LANDSPACE DESIGN PRODUCT DESIGN

THAI ARCHITECTURE BHUM ARCH W/C

FA C U LT Y O F A R C H I T E C T U R E , CHULALONGKORN UNIVERSIT Y

D R AW I N G : 3 d i m e n s i o n a l p r o g r a m a t i c d r a w i n g Ve e r a s u S a e t a e _ 5 2 3 4 8 1 2 5 2 5

Diagram -- Showing axonometric drawing of the building with programs categorized.

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RECONSIDERING ARCHITECTURE

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Collage -- demonstrate the envision of the ideal buidling for future architecture school. 31


Rendering --Atomoshpere on the voting day at Chulalongkorn University.

VOTING SYSTEM AND INSTRUCTION Vote system will occurred at the central courtyard. Bespoke digital voting machine will be insert to those courtyard. While each person enters the voting chamber one by one.

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Drawing-- the voting chamber will be placed in the main courtyard of the building.


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Rendering - looking from phayathai road to the project


Rendering - Transition between existing building to the proposed scheme.

Rendering - Depiction of connecting bridge and exposed service pipes as a way for student to learn.

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Rendering - Depiction of the canteen space atmosphere surrounded by scaffolding structures.


Rendering - A view contrasting between existing cxlassroom being renovated, and the temporal classroom has been transfer into scaffolding space (on the left).

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Model - The 1st model of the building result from election of space from students and faculty members.


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Learning Infrastructure

Knowledge Resource Centre Project’s location : Jatuchak Market, Bangkok Thailand

2012,Architectural Design III

Tutor: Kesate Tadesse, City University of New York City College

To be self-motivated Learner Urges ones to : explore research question inquire Manifesto : Thailand has a problem with the learning style which is not self-learning but force to do, told to do, or instructed to do. This type of learning is not what it should be. To heritage this system in to our young generation learning habit will create long term damages to our country’s education system. Self-motivated learning will promote better understanding and memorizing of the interested contents. Different individuals have different ways of learning style, one might feel more comfortable to learn either by doing, watching or reading. The design of the project developed from many ways to gain knowledge and to create a self-motivated learner. For example: learning by observation, learning by experience of making or doing, learning from text book and theory and learning from intuition or feeling. The program of the knowledge center will include tool and workshop as the primary start for the learner to be interested in the subject, where keen learners will involve in learning by making and produce physical end-products.

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Perspective -- top views to the site opposite to Jaktujak Market, Bangkok Thailand.


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Elevation Drawings


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Section Drawings


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4th floor --Views at the Reading area

3th floor --Views at theMedia room and meeting room


Circulation at the center core, passing the cocoon, private reading room.

1st floor - A view of the entrance looking to the tool and skill workshops.

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SUN PATH DIAGRAM showing solat movement pattern according to different time of year. This contributes to different solar exposure to the building facade. The study helps inform the design of the facade apertures.

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SUN ANGLE The Roof - are designed with specifically placed pinholes according to the sun path diagram. The roof will block excessive sun light between the time of 9 am untill 4 pm. The time range represents excessive solar energy which is not appropriate for direct sunlight. Therefore, the pinholes on the roof are designed specifically in correspond to three different seasonal move- 5PM ment of the sun which are summer solstice,winter solstice and the equinox.

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The Glass facades - are strategically designed to permit morning sun light between 6 to 8 am which is considered to be the only time appropriate for sun light exposure since the sun light is remain not too strong.

SUN PATH DIAG


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Summer Solstice - during the summer solstice the pinholes are modified to be appropriate with the solar movement pattern and the excessiveness of the sun. The character of the pinholes, therefore, are narrow and small in diameter to block the excessive sun light and the pinholes in the middle which are the critical spot for excessive sunlight exposure are designed to be the smallest of all to block and filter sun light. WInter Solstice - during the winter solstice the pinholes are expanded to be bigger relative to its counter part due to the desire for sunlight which often are cover with clouds. The goal here is to let in more sun light that are not excessive but still have certain degree of control over it. Equinox - during the equinox, the sun will be the strongest and therefore the character of the pinholes are designed to be the smallest in diameters. During this time, the goal is to have total control over what you let inside the space since the outside temperature is very hot and the amount of daylight time are the longest.

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Model -- Scale 1:200


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Retirement House

Form-finding experiment Project’s location : Bangkrajao, Phra Pradaeng, Samut Prakan,Thailand

2011,Architectural Design II

Tutor: Ekapob Suksudpaisarn, Architectural Association, Dipl. RIBA Part I&II

Can Architecture developped from how breadmold occupy space of the bread ? Manifesto : The project starts with curiosity to understand how mold occupies space inside a bread. How could this simple experiment of bread mold determines the shape of a building and its spatial qualities ? I conducted an experiment of populating molds on a bread as a way to inform design decisions. The experiment was carried out for 2 weeks, water has been dropped on the areas of the bread, and it turned out that those areas began to develop mold quicker than other areas which did not receive water. The surfaces of the bread was shirking slowly. The volume of the bread became contracted, as the mold consumed its food and nutrients. The photo documentation had been made daily. After 2 weeks, I began to analyze and evaluate these documentations and also draw and trace around the space of the bread mold. The forms arrived from the analysis and drawings of the moldfree bread condition to the developed area of populating molds. The structure of the building is adapted from typical construction method, post and lintel. However, the floor of the building had been subtracted to support the building similarly to how molds would consume the bread and then the exploration of mold-like spatial qualities were explored and gradually manifested in the final design. 79


Breadmold - after growing mold for 2 weeks


CAN ONE DESIGN FROM A BREADMOLD?

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Perspective -- the retirement house surrounded by large trees and it is also next to the canal, connected to floating market.


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Drawings -- Form finding method to create a volume from the starting point of bread mold. 85


Bread mold experimentation The objective of growing bread mold is to try to understand how mold occupied space and then use its characteristic to influence the design decision. This photo documentation is done in 2 weeks’ time. The surface of the bread was shirking slowly. The volume of the bread became contracted, as the mold consumed its food and nutrients.

Drawings -- Form finding method to create a volume from the starting point of bread mold.


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Elevation


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Rendering -- at the back of the building, elders will use this space to relax and exercise.


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Rendering -- Entrance of the building


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Model -- scale 1:200


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Exoskeleton Pier

Community boat making, ferries crossing and canal taxi service pier Project’s location : Bangkrajao, Phra Pradaeng, Samut Prakan,Thailand

2011,Architectural Design II

Tutor: Kesate Tadesse, City University of New York City College

Strengthen the comunitu identity Creating job for local and Permoting the canal boat taxi sevice to reduce CO2 emssion. Manifesto : By looking at the city of Bangkok in aerial images, Bang Kra Jao is a large path of greenery is clearly visible along the bend in the Chao Phraya river. At a human scale, one arriving to Bang Kra Jao experiences a remarkable change between the speed and sensory perception of Bangkok and Bang Kra Jao. In 1977, the government designated the area as an agricultural and environmental preservation zone for the metropolitan region. Its protection as an environmental zone does not mean that it is free of human habitation. Tens of thousands of residents live in the area; some of them farm and maintain the orchards but many of them now hold office or service jobs in Bangkok. This shift in employment leaves many of the orchard land area abandoned and unmaintained. When people start to move out to work in the city, the community is slowly loss its identity. It lacks of organization of space and public transportation. Moreover even though it is a preservative site, the vegetation in the area is properly managed. The proposal aims to promote Bangkrajao port and nearby community to be a new tourist attraction, for its conservation agriculture area along Chao Praya River. The programs added to this ferries terminal is a community boat making and a canal taxi services. The boat making business will enhance the identity for the community and also creating job for the local people. Currently, people in the area rely on the motor-bike to transit to the ferries terminal, where they will park their bikes infront of the terminal. However, with the canal taxi service, the local people could be able to travel along the canal in Bangkrajao; this will come along with the improvement of resurfacing and vegetation control along the canal. 101


Rendering -- Night view of the terminal


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Site plan


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Roof plan - the pattern influence of DNA pattern


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Long elevation and section

Short elevation and section


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Rendering -- view under the water looking through thee ferry terminal


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Thonglor informal settlement 2012_Design and Construction Projects for Community Project’s location : Community next to Thonglor Police Station http://designbuildthonglor.blogspot.com Tutors: Kerrie Butts and Nilay Mistry

This project will enhance a community gathering space for an informal settlement along the Thonglor Police Station in Bangkok. Residents of informal communities, or urban villages, scattered throughout Bangkok provide the city with vital labor and services that support systems of the formal sector. In an upscale retail and entertainment corridor such as Thonglor, several low-income communities are located out of sight only a few meters away. Residents here supplement their income by collecting recyclable materials from area businesses, making use of the excessive waste of adjacent opulence. As businesses open and close depending on uncertain market forces in the formal sector, resilient informal communities survive for generations. The community this project will engage with has existed for decades in the area but has recently been reduced in size due to the development of a highrise condominium. On a strip of land only a few meters wide, 43 households negotiate an unclaimed territory between two separate property walls. Cleverly designed homes lean on existing infrastructure and achieve extremely high densities while considering suitable ventilation. Narrow walkways outside of the homes become extensions of interior storage space and facilitate vending throughout the community. Upgrades by residents to the public spaces with salvaged construction material are further signs of ingenuity and pride. This project will create a flexible gathering space for the community to use throughout the day and pronounce a clear entry point to this otherwise obscured community. This space will accommodate afterschool activities for children as well as comfortable seating for community meetings. By marking a threshold, this community is proven to exist. 115


Pavilion for informal settlement behind the police flat.

Children playing in the afternoon


Beginning of the construction

Mixing concrete

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Cinemetrics Workshop 2011_Design and Construction Projects for Community Project’s location : National Chen Kung University, Taiwan Taipei World Design Expo 2011

http://www.thenatureofcities.com/2013/05/12/the-sensori-motor-city/ Tutors: Brian McGrath, Parsons The New School for Design, New York Hsueh Cheng-Luen, National Chen Kung University Measuring the Sensori-motor City The first workshop in Taiwan involved the students rehearsing the three film scenes in order to perform in a 3 x 6 meter space in the Tapei World Design Expo. The directive of the workshop was to match as closely as possible the original film within the spatial limits of the Taipei World Design Expo venue, and to consider how to attract an audience to the performance. Godard’s Contempt, 1963 Rehearsal of sequence from Godard’s Contempt where the students measure the movement of actors, camera and props by tracing their footprints: The task of the Godard student team [Note 3] both revealed the difficulty of matching the syncopated movements of the actors and the camera, but also the dimensional fact that the spacious Roman flat that Godard chose for the pivotal domestic scene of the movie extends far beyond the 3 x 6 meter exhibition booth at the Taipei World Design Expo. The student team therefore developed a system of moving the background scenery, along with the performing actors, in order to give the illusion of an elongated set as viewed by the centrally placed panning camera. The team also developed a method of recording the changing positions of the actors, set assistants and cinematographer, by dipping hand made sandals in color-coded paint during rehearsal, producing a footprint map of the performance. In the final performance the team coated the black floor of the Design Expo booth with white flour, leaving traces during the performance like footsteps in snow.

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Act 3 : ROME 1963

SEQUENCE MOVEMENT

GODARD CONTEMPT

SEQUENCE CHOREOGRAPHY TARTING POSITION Both actors behind door

The challenge is to recreate the film within the limited space of 3 x 6 m. cubical and still able to capture the same perception as was portrayed by Gordard.

GODARD 3 POINTS

Continuity Character Presence Composition Division

4 3 2

DRINK HANG

5

WASH HANDS GRAB A BOOK 6

1

LOOK OUT WINDOW

OPEN DOOR

Therefore, perspective has to be constructed thorugh the use of camera angles with the help of space transformation.

camera standpoint

SEQUENCE CHOREOGRAPHY CORRIDOR CONTRACTION Husbands hangs jacket at clothe hanger

The movement of the characters, sets and the camera man, thus, needs to synchronize with each other with an accurate timing in order to create a desirable perception. The relationship of these movements had been used as an investigation to the cinematrics experimentation. Here in the film, we space becomes the one of the most crucial tools measuring out our sensory motor system.

7

2 SECONDS

6 SIT TAKE OFF SHOES 7 DROP BOOK

TOTAL TIME

=

06

0.

COMPARISION BETWEEN WORKSHOP FILMED FOOTAGE AND ACTUAL GODARD FOOTAGE 0.1 2

0.0 8

0.06 0.08

TIME TAKEN TO PAN THE CAMERA

TIME TAKEN IN STILL POSITIONS

RECREATING CORRIDOR DEPTH Space changes to form a false perspective for the camera to capture. The movement of the set is dramatic, according to the movemen of the character within space.

Sequence of the actress - DRINKING

CAST-SET SEQUENCE In order to carry out the shooting within the limited space, the set (light silhouettes) move the wall panels accordingly to the movement of the actors.

LIVING ROOM WALL SET BACK In order to expand spaces, the panels need to move back to create an illusionary space for the camera to capture

Sequence of the camera man

WALL PARTITION FOLD BACK

Flour is sifted on the floor to be used as a tracking medium when the participants enter into and move within the set space.

To enlarge the walkway for the actors to cross to the other area and increase wall thickness when in focus

The traces are marked onto the floor, mappin out the natural movement of the participants (the actor and the actress).

The camera man is located at the centre following the movement of the actors via rotation.


Practicing Day

Rehearsal of sequence from Godard’s Contempt where we measure the movement of actors, camera and props by tracing their footprints

mixing color tray for foot printing

Taipei World Design Forum 2011

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Performing live exhibition

The task was to present the final scene of the movie where the husband runs up stairs and chases his rival outside and over the garage roof within the same 3 x 6 meter space in the Taipei Expo. The action quickly travels through the two-story extent of the house captured by Cassavetes’ hand-held camera. By focusing on the information within the constantly moving camera frame rather than the spatial extent of the house depicted, the student team was able to create the illusion of a two-story house chase scene within the 3 x 6 meter Design Expo booth. After numerous trials and errors in rehearsal, we concocted a way of suspending an actor performing the role of the husband horizontally across a moving backdrop of a painted stairway.


Godard performance as part of an exhibit at the Taipei World Design Forum

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IND(i)A 2011_Design and Construction Projects for Community Project’s location : Leh, Ladakh North India http://indainindia.blogspot.com/ Tutors: Taylor Lowe and Camille Lacadee

This 4 weeks long summer workshop fulfils INDA’s required Design Build and/or Design and Construction Project for Communities courses.Participating students will be based in North India for 4 weeks, starting with one week touring the cities of Delhi and Chandigarh, before embarking on a 3 weeks long Design Build Project in Leh, Ladakh. Students will return to architecture’s first principles by immersing themselves in brick production and design in the predominantly mud brick city of Leh, located in India’s Himalayan Northeast. The workshop in Leh will begin with a 2/3 days community workshop during which we will work with the locals of all ages and familiarize ourselves with theirs needs, ideas and desires. We would propose simple tasks such as documenting their favoured buildings in the town or any other particularly cherished object or art form in the community. Our goal is to better understand local perceptions of mud-brick, contemporary needs and perceptions of non-architectural artistic expression that we can possibly translate into built form using ordinary mud-brick and advanced modeling technology. In the end, our intervention must at once emerge principally from local interests and perceptions, but in a form and capacity not otherwise associated with traditional mud-brick techniques. We had curated a mud brick exhibition at LAMO in Leh. We also went to Chiktan to document hundreds yearold mud brick palace. The community is keen to develop its city to more tourist attractive in order to gain profit to the village. We had proposed a renovation proposal which was represented to the people in the community. 125


Thinking outside the brick!


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ART CENTER PROPOSAL

Sanchutha Malin Parawee Hirun Vongsawat Veerasu

Site: Chiktan palace Location: Chiktan, India 6 months

collage represents future Chiktan under sustainable tourism based on home stay and local experiences Summer Time (April to September) Local

Guild own

Tourists Winter time (From August to March)

Innovative products

Home Stay

$

$

Experimentation

Library

6 months

people

Chiktan Palace can be vertically divided in to three zones: the cultural, the civic, and the tourist zones respectively. The palace itself, situated in the cultural zone, is where local experimental designs and art works can be exhibited. The palace also serves as a learning source, a literary as well as visual library of inspirations. The civic zone are where the experimental workshops, the guilds, will be situated. The purpose of this zone is to experiment, invent, or to seek new cutting-edge innovations. Visitors and tourists can participate in these activities with the locals and so share ideas and inspirations. The experimental by-products can then be shared with the community and displayed up in the cultural zone. This experim-entation is intended to reestablish Chiktan as the regional centre of arts and culture in Ladakh. At the foot of the hills is where local travel agencies and tourist information booths will be located. This zone will inform tourists of the activities, such as the guilds, workshops, tourist spots, or trekking activites etc. that they can partake in during their stay in Chiktan. Spaces are provided for cultural and traditonal exchanges. Local shops will also sell their local goods here, cutting out the middle man and directly benefitting the locals

Museum

Museum

Entrance

Museum

Exhibition

Communal space

Toilet

How the local would gain income

Village 1

Village 2

Construction sequence

Food

Textile

Art Craft

Carpenter Mud brick

Food

Performance Carpenter

Circulation

Phase 1 Start construction of the communal space

Textile

Mud brick

Phase 2 Start construction on food, mudbrick, and carpentry guilds

Phase 3 Start construct of traditional museum

Art

Phase 4 Phase 5 Start construction of lower library Start construction of the textiles, arts, and crafts guilds

Phase 5 Performance

Performance

Phase 6

Phase 7

Phase 8

Start construction of the cafe

Start construction of the exhibition area

Start construct of the guild Start construction of the museum second phase of the library

Culture Zone

Cl ar ay a e u nd se Sa fo nd rt he fro pa m c lac iv e c ic z on on str e c uc on tio str n. cu

Phase 9

Phase 10

Phase 11

Phase 12

Start construction of the performance guild

Start the last phase of the library construction

Start construction of the contemporary museum

Phase 4

tio

n

In exterior/interior, fallen stones are revealed under the wooden steps Civic Zone

Tourist Zone


GUILDS

EXAMPLE FOOD

ORIENTATION PERFORMANCE

The building orientation can have an impact on heating, lighting and cooling costs. Therefore the guilds should be located to receive a southern exposure. By maximizing southern exposure, one can take optimal advantage of the sun for daylight and passive solar heating. Buildings can also take advantage of this by embedding part of their building into the earth itself, so that in the winter the building takes in heat from the earth as well as the sun.

ART

TEXTILE CRAFT

Allow in North Light

SUN PATH CARPENTER Control Southern Exposure

SECTION

Interactive space

An example building will be built with innovative details such as roof windows, islamic openings in the roof, freeform windows in rammed earth walls, which will serve as inspiration and an example for the local builders as a starting point upon which to base the other guild buildings.

PHASE 1 MUD BRICK workshop

storage

display

CARPENTER

storage

cooking

indoor

PROGRAM - CIRCULATION SPACE USED

display

workshop

dining

FOOD

outdoor

PROGRAM - CIRCULATION indoor SPACE USED

outdoor

storage

outdoor

terrace

PROGRAM - CIRCULATION indoor SPACE USED

display

PHASE 2

wc

ART

indoor workshop

workshop & storage

wc

outdoor workshop

workshop

display

storage

ROOF

TEXTILE workshop

SPACE USED

outdoor

indoor

outdoor workshop

display

terrace

workshop

outdoor

PHASE 3

GROUND FLOOR

CRAFT storage

PROGRAM - CIRCULATION

storage

outdoor display

1ST FLOOR

PROGRAM - CIRCULATION indoor SPACE USED

PROGRAM - CIRCULATION indoor SPACE USED

display

indoor workshop

wc

outdoor workshop

PROGRAM - CIRCULATION

TROMBE WALL A trombe wall is a wall of dark material that is built directly behind south facing glazing. The sunlight passes through the glazing and heats the air between the trombe wall and the glass. The warm air exists through the top and warms the space beyond.

warm air

cool air ( inside )

( outside )

indoor SPACE USED

outdoor

workshop

N

workshop

PERFORMANCE

PALACE PHASE

Phase 0

Existing site

Phase 4

Construct Cafe

“ Even the Great Cathedral suffered some damage but was so important that it was restored to its remembered form. This gave many people comfort, because it was a symbol of continuity in a city that had be so transformed. ”

Phase 1

Phase 5

Lay down floor

Phase 2

“Part of the surviving buildings should belong to the present not the past. And to the future, which could not be remembered.” LEBBEUS WOODS

Structural reinforcement

Phase 3

Construct Museum

Future Innovation

Mud brick ( Compression )

Wood ( Tensile )

Rammed Earth

“Inside the rebuilt structures were new and at first unfamiliar spaces. People could not move their old furniture - if they could find it - into them. But very soon they found new ways to inhabit unfamiliar spaces that some thought were even better than before.” LEBBEUS WOODS

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