of birth and death. It is essential to cleanse the body first so his feelings becomes pure. This is done with Pādōdaka of Guru, Liṅga and Jaṅgama. Śiva is in the form of Guru, Liṅga and Jaṅgama. Devotee should worship these three daily and should receive Pādōdaka. Pādōdaka is the knowledge that flows from Guru, Liṅga and Jaṅgama. It is the knowledge required to escape from the bonds of māye. It is the knowledge that leads to eternal happiness without being in the cycle of birth and death. Jaṅgama is like a traveling sales person. His presence is truly a blessing to the devotee. He worships Jaṅgama to receives his Pādōdaka. It not only cleanse his body and mind, it also gives knowledge to the devotee required to escape from the bonds of māye. Siddāṅta Śikāmaṇi says: Pādōdakaṁ yathā bhaktyā svīkarōti mahēśituaḥ| Tathā śivātmanōrnityaṁ gurujaṅgamayōrapi A devotee who receives liṅga Pādōdaka also receives Pādōdaka from Guru and Jaṅgama. Guru and Jaṅgama have the knowledge by being united with Paraśiva. They are the witness to body, mind and pride. A rich person does not change his feelings by associating with the poor. Similarly, Guru and Jaṅgama do not feel differently by associating with the world. They are the forms of Paraśiva. The Pādōdaka of Liṅga, Guru and Jaṅgama are also important for a devotee.
For a detail discussion the reader is referred to: 1. Siddeshwara Swamy, Siddāṅta Śikāmaṇi (in Kannada), JSS Graṅtamāla, Mysore, 570004. 2. Guru S. Bale, Siddāṅta Śikāmaṇi (in English), 2010, Sid-Asha Publishing Company, 70 Rieder Road, Edison, NJ 08817
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