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vradhgram18

SCHOOLIVE

magazine

April 2012

FREE e magazin

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o`)xzke o`)ksa dk igyk CykWx

d ,d dksf’k’k cq<+kis dks djhc ls tkuus dh

http://vradhgram18.blogspot.in

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3

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9 loky vkSj tcko 6 7 8 10 11 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

dSls chrs bfErgku i<+kbZ dh ubZ “kq#vkr ekrk&firk dh Vsa”ku jksgu vkSj i<+kbZ [kjkc le; fiDpj ijQsDV ehyksa ikj vyx lalkj dSlh gksxh nwljh nqfu;k\ fQj ygjk;k frjaxk ukcsy fotsrk jkWySaM ugha jgs vHkh vyfonk er dgks nksLrks cPpksa ds fy, jfo ds uxes pys x;s tkW; eq[kthZ “kkunkj lfpu lfpu dHkh cw<+k ugha gksxk vyfonk jkgqy! geus Hkh [ksyh jkgqy lax fdzdsV lcls ;qok lh-,elcls meznjkt lh-,eckrsa

14 lky Hkj ckn

:sÚn nfOj Ldwy ykbo ,d xSj&O;kolkf;d if=dk gSys[kdksa ds er vius gSaLdwy ykbo if=dk ds lHkh vad vki i<+ ldrs gSa rFkk MkmuyksM Hkh dj ldrs gSa] bu irksa ls %

Design & Layout Harminder Singh gajrola@gmail.com

vkids lq>ko vkSj fopkj vkeaf=r gSa myebook18@gmail.com

issuu.com/vradhgram

Ldwy ykbo esa jpuk;sa Hksft, vkidk Lokxr gSmyebook18@gmail.com

myebook18.blogspot.in Harminder Singh Vijaynagar, Gajraula-244235 Distt. J.P. Nagar, Uttar Pradesh, India

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4

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:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012


5

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:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012


6

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7

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Ldwy ykbo crk jgk gS dqN ckrsa tks vkids dke vk tk;saVªkbZ djus eas D;k tkrk gS fu;e cukb;s vkSj le; ls dkslZ fuiVkrs tkb;s- blls vkidks ,d lkFk cks>k <ksus ls cpus dh dyk [kqn&c&[kqn vk tk;sxhle>dj VkWfid if<+;s- csfld phtsa gkFkksa&gkFk fDy;j djrs tkb;s- ,slk djus ls ckn esa ijs”kkuh ugha gksxhtks Ldwy esa i<+k;k x;k mls ?kj vkdj Hkh if<+;s- blls vki ml VkWfid ;k QkWewykZ dks Hkwysaxs ughaxf.kr dk vH;kl jkst ,d ?kaVk ls de u djsa- ,slk djus ls lokyksa ij vkidh idM+ etcwr jgsxh- vkQVjvkWy izSfDVl gh rks xf.kr dh dwath gSjkst “kke dks dqN le; [ksy esa Hkh yxk;asA blls vkidk “kjhj LoLFk jgsxkfnekx [kqysxk vkSj “kjhjh dks rkdr feysxh- lkFk gh i<+kbZ esa Hkh eu yxsxkekrk firk vkSj Vhpjksa dks lEeku nsa,slk djus ls vkidks mudk lg;ksx feysxk vkSj og vkids fy, csgrj gksxk-


8

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ekrk&firk dh Vsa'ku v

^^esjh csVh Dykl esa ges'kk igys uacj ij vkrh gSA yM+dk mruk rst ugha] ysfdu og Bhd&Bkd i<+ jgk gSA blls ;gh yxrk gS fd eq>s cPpksa dh mruh fpark ugha djuh pkfg,A exj firk gwa u] blfy, Vsa'ku rks jgsxh ghA** &lwjtn;ky flag] vfHkHkkod

ius cPpksa dh i<+kbZ dks ysdj gj fdlh ekrk&firk dks fpark jgrh gSA os cPpksa ls dgrs jgrs gSa fd i<+ksA dbZ ckj ,slk ekSdk Hkh vkrk gS tc cPps dks yxrk gS fd dqN T;knk gh gks jgk gSA og ncko eglwl djus yxrk gSA ij ekrk&firk rks ;gh pkgrs gSa fd mudk cPpk eu yxkdj i<+sA ;fn cPpk esgur vkSj yXu ls i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ djsxk rks mlds fy, Hkfo"; esa vklkuh jgsxhA og vPNh ukSdjh ik ldsxk vkSj vius iSjksa ij [kM+k gks ldsxkA gj ekrk&firk dk ;gh rks liuk gksrk gSA ^^ge vius nksuksa cPpksa dh Ldwyh f'k{kk ij fdruk [kpZ djrs gSaA mUgsa gj t#jh lkeku eqgS;k djk;k tkrk gSA vc ge bruk Hkh u dgsa fd vki i<+ yksA** ;g dguk Fkk lwjtn;ky flag dk ftuds nks cPps vHkh ikapoh vkSj lkroha esa i<+ jgs gSaA muds eqrkfcd os vius cPpksa dh i<+kbZ ds ckjs esa cgqr fpafrr gSa] ysfdu blh ds lkFk mUgsa ,d ckr dh [kq'kh Hkh gSA mudk dguk gS]^esjh csVh Dykl esa ges'kk igys uacj ij vkrh gSA yM+dk mruk rst ugha] ysfdu og Bhd&Bkd i<+ jgk gSA blls ;gh yxrk gS fd eq>s cPpksa dh mruh fpark ugha djuh pkfg,A exj firk gwa u] blfy, Vsa'ku rks jgsxh ghA** /keZiky flag ljdkjh ukSdjh djrs gSaA lqcg tYnh fudyuk iM+rk gS vkSj 'kke dks nsj ls ykSVrs gSaA mudk dguk gS]^dpgjh dk dke gh ,slk gSA fnu Hkj QqlZr gh ugha feyrhA tc ?kj igqaprk gwa rks cPps lks pqds gksrs gSaA cPpksa dk fjtYV Hkh tYnckth esa gh ns[kuk iM+rk gSA oSls cPps esgur dj jgs gSaA le; feyus ij mUgsa le>krk Hkh gwa fd i<+kbZ muds fy, fdruh t#jh gSA* lkFk gh os dgrs gSa]^dke vkSj cPpksa dks ysdj Vsa'ku ,d okftc lh ckr gSA ;fn vki dkedkth O;fDr gSa rks Vsa'ku vkSj c<+ tkrh gSA cPpksa dh eka mudh iwjh enn djrh gSA* dkQh la[;k esa cPps V;w'ku i<+ jgs gSaA Ldwy ls rqjar ckn os V;w'ku ds fy, fudy tkrs gSaA dbZ ,sls Hkh gSa tks ?kj gh 'kke rd igqap ikrs gSaA os Ldwy esa gh vius Vhpjksa ls Ldwy ds ckn V~;w'ku i<+rs gSaA mudk iwjk fnu b/kj ls m/kj esa gh fudy tkrk gSA muds ekrk&firk pkgrs gSa fd cPpk vkSj csgrj djs] blfy, mUgksaus vius cPpksa dks V~;w'ku ds fy, HkstkA tc ,Xtke py jgs gksrs gSa rc Hkh cgqr ls ekrk&firk cPpksa ds lkFk gh Vsa'ku esa jgrs gSaA yrk flag dgrh gSa]^eq>s viuh csVh ds lkFk tkxuk vkSj lksuk FkkA og lqcg pkj cts ;fn mB ugha ikrh Fkh rks eSa mls txk nsrhA blds fy, eq>s fu;e ls jkst lqcg tYnh mBuk i<+rkA blh rjg nsj jkr rd ;fn og i<+kbZ dj jgh gS rks eSa mlds djhc cSBdj mldh enn fd;k djrhA ,d vfHkHkkod gksuk cgqr cM+h ikcanh gSA esjh csVh dk tc fjtYV vkrk gS rks eq>s [kqn ij cgqr xoZ gksrk gS D;ksafd mldh csgrjh ds fy, eSaus mldh enn dhA* &Ldwy ykbo

:sĂ&#x161;n nfOj . ck||}n 2012


9

i<+kbZ

fy[kkbZ f’k{kk rHkh cnysxh tc f’k{kd Hkh cnysaxsA fQj ns[kuk ge dSls cnyrs gSaA fQj bls peRdkj Hkh dg ldrs gSa D;ksafd cnyko cgqr rsth ls gksxkA fQj loky rks gksxk] ysfdu mldk tcko Hkh mruk gh [kwclwjr gksxk

vueksy fy[krs gq,@ QksVks % Ldwy ykbo

;jfn cf}/ hafj

vk

gjfeUnj flag

tdy vueksy eq>ls loky cgqr iwN jgk gSA ,slk ugha fd og ,slk dj xyr dj jgk gSA vPNk gS loky djuk vkSj ,slk djus ls fo|kFkhZ esa dkUQhMsal c<+rk gSA Hkjkslk c<+us ds dkj.k og viuh i<+kbZ igys ls vf/kd #fp ls djrk gSA ;g mlds fy, cgqr egRo okyh ckr gSA fo”ks"kK ekurs gSa fd vkRefo”okl gj fo|kFkhZ esa gksuk pkfg,A mlds ckn gh og i<+kbZ esa csgrj dj ldrk gSA ,slk djus ds fy, mls loky&tcko dk lgkjk ysuk pkfg,A ekbaM “kkZi jgsxk rks cPpk Hkh “kkZi gks tk;sxkA Dykl esa vDlj ,slk gksrk gS tc dqN fo|kFkhZ vius Vhpj ls loky djrs gSaA muds loky dbZ ckj Vhpj dks vViVs Hkh yx tkrs gSaA vkf[kj cPps rks cPps gSa] os rks vius eu ls loky djrs gSaA vc fdlh dh cqjkbZ ;k HkykbZ ls mUgsa D;k eryc\ i<+rs le; eSaus [kqn ns[kk fd gekjh Dykl ds f”k{kd dbZ ckj Nk=ksa }kjk iwNs lokyksa dks lqudj >qa>kyk tkrsA ,slk djus ij Hkh ;fn mUgsa pSu u feyrk rks mYVs Nk=ksa ij viuh >qa>ykgV tkfgj dj nsrsA bl dkj.k dbZ funksZ"k Nk= fiVs HkhA ;g f”k{kk ij fdruk vlj Mkyrk gS] bldk lh/kk “ks’k vxys iUus ij

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012


10

i<+kbZ

fy[kkbZ

fiNys iUus dk “ks’k

izHkko fo|kfFkZ;ksa ij ns[kk tk ldrk FkkA ml f”k{kd ls fQj loky djus dh fgEer fdlh ds ikl u gksrhA ;gha ls xq# vkSj f”k"; ds chp dh nwjh c<+uh “kq# gksrh gSA ge tkurs gSa fd f”k"; ;fn xq# ij Hkjkslk djrk gS vkSj xq# f”k"; ij rks f”k{kk lgh lyker jgrh gSA ;g Hkjkslk rksM+us okyh ckr gh rks gqbZ fd dy f”k{kd us fo|kFkhZ dks fo”okl fnyk;k Fkk fd fcuk fgpd muls loky fd;k tk;sA vkt ogh f”k{kd vpkud gq, loky dks ^felkby* le> cSBk vkSj viuk vkik [kks fn;kA Hkjksls dk D;k gqvk\ dqN ugha] csdkj x;kA fdlh MLVfcu dh “kku cudj “kk;n jg x;kA eSa dksbZ f”k{kd vkfn gwa ugha] ysfdu vius vklikl fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh cM+h tekr dks ikrk gwaA muds chp ckrphr gksrh gSA gtkjksa ckrksa ij foe”kZ gksrk gSA <sjksa lokyksa dh xBjh Hkh gj fdlh ds ikl gksrh gSA tcko nsus ds fy, ge ,d ugha dbZ gksrs gSaA fu.kZ; Hkh lc gh feydj ysrs gSaA esjs fglkc ls f”k{kk blh rjg rkth gok esa lkal ys ldrh gSA eSa ftruk oDr cPpksa lax fcrkrk gwa] mUgha ds jax eas jax tkrk gwaA “kk;n blh otg ls nhika”kh dgrh gS]^vki gekjs lkFk [kqn Hkh cPps cu tkrs gSaA* og fcYdqy lgh dgrh gSA cPpksa dh izo`fRr loky&tokc dh gksrh gSA os ges”kk ftKklw jgrs gSa tkuus dks og lc tks muds vklikl ?kV jgk gSA mUgsa vius loky dk tcko tkuus dh cM+h mRlqdrk gksrh gS& ;s D;k gksrk gS\ D;ksa gksrk gS\ dSls gksrk gS\ cxSjg&cxSjgA “kq#vkr esa eSaus vueksy dh ckr dhA og ftKklw gS] ij loky ds VqdM+s djus esa ekfgj HkhA mlds iz”u tfVyrk dks lesVs dHkh vkids vklikl tek gks tk,axs] rks dHkh brus ljy gksaxs fd vki

jksgu vkSj i<+kbZ jksgu ls tc vki ckr djsaxs rks igys og eqLdjk;sxk] “kekZ;sxk fcYdqy ughaA /;ku nsus okyh ckr ;gka gS fd jksgu fcankl fdLe dk balku gSA oks vyx ckr gS fd T;knk i<+us ds dkj.k mldk fnekx ^vksoj&ghfVax* dh leL;k ls tw> pqdk gSA [kSj] mldk eu i<+us dk cgqr djrk gS] og esgur Hkh dkQh djrk gSA cspkjk Fkd Hkh tkrk gSA mldh leL;k gj ml cPps okyh

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

cPpksa dh izo`fRr loky&tokc dh gksrh gSA os ges’kk ftKklw jgrs gSa tkuus dks og lc tks muds vklikl ?kV jgk gSA mUgsa vius loky dk tcko tkuus dh cM+h mRlqdrk gksrh gS& ;s D;k gksrk gS\ D;ksa gksrk gS\ dSls gksrk gS\ cxSjg&cxSjgA mudk tcko Hkh mruh ljyrk ls nsa nsaxsA ckr ;gha [kRe ugha gksrhA ljy iz”u ds ljy mRrj ls Hkh rks iz”u mit ldrs gSa &;g mldh [kkfl;r gSA eq>s mlij xqLlk ;k eSa mlij dHkh >qa>yk;k ughaA dkj.k ;g ekuk tk ldrk gS fd dkQh le; gks x;k vkSj eSaus cPpksa ds euksfoKku dks “kk;n dqN&dqN lh[k Hkh fy;k gksA gekjs f”k{kdksa dks pkfg, fd os ckydksa dks le>sa rFkk muds lkFk mudh Hkkoukvksa dk lEeku Hkh djsaA ,slk fcYdqy ugha fd f”k{kd vf/kdrj [kjkc gSa] ysfdu fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks mruh gn rd le>us okyksa dh okdbZ dkQh de rknkn gSA f”k{kk rHkh cnysxh tc f”k{kd Hkh cnysaxsA fQj ns[kuk ge dSls cnyrs gSaA fQj bls peRdkj Hkh dg ldrs gSa D;ksafd cnyko cgqr rsth ls gksxkA fQj loky rks gksxk] ysfdu mldk tcko Hkh mruk gh [kwclwjr gksxkA

gS tks vf/kd nsj rd fdrkc esa /;ku dsfUnzr ugha dj ldrkA ysfdu vxj ,d ckj dkUlaVªsV fd;k rks ?kaVksa Hkh i<+kbZ dj ldrk gSA fQj Hkh og viuh ^i<+kdw&Vkbi* nqcyh lh fn[kus okyh cgu ij ek= 25 ijlSaV gh x;k gSA ,Xtke [kRe gksus ij “kSadh dk tcko flaiy gS&^vc Vsa”ku Qzh gwa eSaA jkWd djus dk eu djrk gSA bZ&gk] bZ&gk] ;kgw-----;kgw-----A ;l vkb ,e n ckWl----A* [kSj mlus ;g ugha dgk &^vkb ,e n ckWl --------f'kokth n ckWlA* --------ojuk fcx dh ckr py fudyrhA &gjfeUnj flag


11

?kj ls

Ldwy gjfeUnj flag

v/fa ;do eka

vHkh cktkj ls vk;h ugha FkhaA crk x;h Fkha fd pkch iM+ksl esa jgus okyh lkfo=h dks ns dj tkÅaxhA [kkuk cukdj x;h Fkha] flQZ eq>s nw/k xje djuk FkkA iq"ik vkaVh Hkh muds lkFk cktkj x;h gksaxhA mUgsa ?kaVksa ?kweus dh vknr gSA os lCth ?kjhns gq, eksy&Hkko bruk djrh gSa fd lCth okyk id tkrk gSA HkhM+ gksrh gS rks ,d&vk/k lCth ;wa gh pqids ls mBdj FkSys esa j[k ysrh gSaA eSaus viuh eka ls dbZ ckj dgk fd os iq"ik ds lkFk u tk;k djsaA og fdlh fnu mUgsa Hkh cktkj ds Hkko fiVok nsxhA exj eka dks esjh ckr lquuh gh ugha gSA cl eSa mudk dguk ekurk jgwaA eSaus Ldwy dh Mªsl fudky dj fjeksV vius gkFk esa ys fy;kA us=k cSBdj çkstsDV rS;kj djus yxhA eSaus mls fQj Vksdk] cksyk]^^vHkh Ldwy ls vk;h gSA vjs] Nqfê;ka yach gSa] Vh-oh- ns[krs gSa lkFk cSBdjA** ^^eSa nwljs dejs esa tk jgh gwaA vki Vh-ohns[kksA fQj Ldwy [kqyus ls nks fnu igys gkseodZ djrs gq , b/kj&m/kj nkSaM+ukA** us=k us dgkA

^^D;ksa\** ^^'kk;n vki dgrs gh jg tkvks vkSj NqfV~V;ka chr tk,aA** ^^ugha] ;s lp ugha gSA** ^^rks] fQj lp D;k gS HkS;k\** ^^lp ;g gS fd eSa igys okyk LVwMsaV ugha jgkA cny x;k gwaA** ^^gka] rqEgkjh yky ukd ls rks ;gh yxrk gSA** ^^T;knk er cksyks us=kA** ^^Bhd gh dg jgh gwa I;kjs HkS;kA** ^^us=kA** eSa fpYyk;kA ^^HkS;kA** us=k vka[ksa ?kqekrs gq, cksyhA ^^rqe

flj ij p<+rh tk jgh gksA rqEgsa “ks’k vxys iUus ij

^^eSa vkt ekSt d#axkA dy ls Vkbe&Vscy cukdj i<+kbZ 'kq# gksxhA** eSaus dgkA ^^,slk 'kk;n dHkh gksA**

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012 fp=kadu % gjfeUnj flag


12

?kj ls

Ldwy fiNys i`’B dk “ks’k

irk gksuk pkfg, fd rqEgkjk cM+k HkkbZ gwaA HkkbZ dk lEeku djuk lh[kksA**

nw/k mcky cSBsA**

^^vksg] eSa Hkwy x;h FkhA ij rqEgkjh ukd-------A** us=k eq>s fp<+krh gqbZ nwljs dejs esa nkSM+ x;hA eSa lksQs ij f[kl;k;k lk cSBk jgkA

eka cksyh]^^vki ugha tkurh vEek] bldh ukle>h Hkjh gjdrksa esa rax vk pqdhA** eka us esjh ukd dh rjQ ns[kk vkSj cksyha]^^;g ns[kks] fQj fdlh Vhpj ls ekj [kk dj vk;k gSA**

^^eka us bls fcxkM+ dj j[kk gSA firkth dqN dgrs ughaA** eSaus [kqn ls dgkA ^^HkS;k nw/k xje dj nksA** us=k dh vkokt vk;hA

^^cPpk gSA** nknh us eqLdjkdj dgkA

^^dksbZ ckr ugha tkudhA cPps T;knk fnu ,sls ugha djrsA** nknh us esjs flj ij gkFk Qsjrs gq, dgkA

Qwynku Q'kZ ij fxjdj eSausa eu gh eu lkspk VqdM+s&VqdM+s gks x;kA fou; esjh eka ds fd ;fn eka vk x;h ^^eSa bls xkao ys vkSj nw/k xje ugha tkÅa xhA rw ,d xqLls dks tkurk FkkA og rqjar cYyk eq>ls gqvk rks [kSj ugha ] eghus vkjke ls Nhudj ogka ls jQwpDdj gks x;kA eSaus rsth ls jgukA** nknh ij eSa fQj Hkh csfQdz gh FkkA m/kj VqdM+ksa dks bdëk fd;k vkSj ,d iksyhfFku esa Hkjdj cksyhA ^^D;ksa csVk nw/k xje gks jgk Fkk] pysxk uA** f[kM+dh ls ckgj Qsad fn;kA eSa fuf'par Fkk fd b/kj eSa Vh-oh- dk eSa nknh ls fyiV vkuan ys jgk FkkA fdlh dks irk ugha pyk fd Qwynku dk x;kA nknh eq>s cgqr us=k fQj fpYyk;h]^^HkS;k yxko djrh FkhaA us=k ls D;k gq v k\ Vh-oh- er ns[krs jg tkukA mUgksaus T;knk ckr ugha dhA dgha nw/k mcy u tk,A** eSaus mldh dgh vulquh dj nhA dqN gh nsj esa eka vk x;hA eSa rc Hkh Vh-oh- ij utjsa x<+k;s FkkA ekuks [kks x;k Fkk eSa dghaA

bldk dkj.k ;g Hkh jgk fd eka us us=k dks dHkh [kqn ls vyx ugha gksus fn;k vkSj eq>s nknh ds lkFk xkao tkus ls euk ugha fd;kA

^^ukyk;d] ,d Hkh dke <ax ls ugha djrkA** eka esjs dku ij fpYyk;hA

'kke dks fou; gekjs ?kj vk;kA mlus eq>s viuk u;k cYyk fn[kk;kA esjh vka[ksa cM+h gks x;haA eSaus fou; ls dgk]^^fdrus dk gS\**

eka us ihNs ls esjk dku idM+ dj dgk]^^rw dc lq/kjsxkA nw/k vkf[kj mcky dh fn;kA ;gka cSBdj Vh-oh- ns[k jgs gSa lkgcA**

fou; cksyk]^^iSlksa dh fQØ er djA ekek vk;s FksA eSaus ftn dh] fnyok fn;kA oSls mruk lLrk Hkh ugha gSA py [ksyus pyrs gSaA**

Vh-oh- 'kks dk vkuan eka dh MkaV us iy Hkj esa Lokg dj fn;kA eq>s fc[kjk nw/k iksNs ls lkQ djuk iM+kA yxkrkj rhu fnu ls esjs fnu [kjkc FksA mlh oä esjh nknh vk x;haA us=k us muls dgk]^^ns[kks] HkS;k jkst dksbZ u dksbZ ÅViVkax gjdr dj jgs gSaA vkt

eSaus xsan dks cYys ls mNkyuk 'kq# fd;kA ^^cYyk dkQh vPNk gSA otu dkQh de gSA** eSa cksykA ^^vkaVh ls eq>s Hkh fiVok;sxk D;k\** fou; us dgkA ^^#d] dqN xsnsa vkSj mNky dj ns[kwaA** eSaus dgkA “ks’k vxys iUus ij

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012


13

?kj ls

Ldwy fiNys i`’B dk “ks’k

vpkud xsan cYys ls fNVd dj est ij j[ks dkap ds Qwynku ls tk VdjkbZA esjs eqag ls fudy iM+k]^^ej x,A** Qwynku Q'kZ ij fxjdj VqdM+s&VqdM+s gks x;kA fou; esjh eka ds xqLls dks tkurk FkkA og rqjar cYyk eq>ls Nhudj ogka ls jQwpDdj gks x;kA eSaus rsth ls VqdM+ksa dks bdëk fd;k vkSj ,d iksyhfFku esa Hkjdj f[kM+dh ls ckgj Qsad fn;kA eSa fuf'par Fkk fd fdlh dks irk ugha pyk fd Qwynku dk D;k gqvk\ rHkh eka nkSM+h vk;h vkSj eq>ls iwNk]^^dkap VwVus dh vkokt dgka ls vk;h Fkh\ vkSj fou; nkSM+dj ?kj ls ckgj D;ksa Hkkxk\**

eSa dM+h ltk nsdj jgawxhA** ^^cPpksa ls phtsa ugha VwVsaxh rks D;k ge rksM+saxsA vjs] cPps NksVh&NksVh xyfr;ka dj nsrs gSaA mUgsa utjvankt djuk lh[kksA ekjihV ls D;k Qk;nk\ le>kdj ns[kks rks lghA** nknh cksyhA ^^le>k gh jgh gwaA iwjh ftanxh dgha le>krh u jg tkÅa blsA le>kus ls lq/kj x;k gksrk] rks vkt dkap u VwVrk vEekA** eka cksyhA ^^tc ns[kks] rc uqDlku gh djrk jgrk gSA D;k Hkxoku vkleku ls vkdj bls le>k,\** eq>s nknh iqpdkj jgh FkhA eSa vHkh rd vkalw cgk jgk FkkA eq>s nq[k bl ckr dk gks jgk Fkk fd eSa gh D;ksa uqDlku dh tM+ cu jgk gwaA 'kk;n esjh fdLer es j k lkFk ugha ns jghA yxrk gS eSa cn&fdLerh gks x;k Fkk] ysfdu dqN le; ds fy,A nknh eq>s xkao ys x;haA fdrkcksa dks eSa lkFk ugha ys tkuk pkg jgk Fkk] exj eka ds dgus dks Vkyuk ukeqefdu FkkA eSa lksp jgk Fkk fd eka eq>s vius ls nwj j[kdj lqdwu ls jg ldsxh vkSj firkth HkhA

^^le>k gh jgh gwaA iwjh ftanxh dgha le>krh u jg tkÅa blsA eSa pqIih lk/k x;kA rHkh eka dks dkap ds le>kus ls lq/kj x;k gksrk] rks vkt dkap VqdM+s est ij fxjs fn[k u VwVrk vEekA** eka cksyhA ^^tc ns[kks] rc x;sA tYnh esa eSa est lkQ djuh Hkwy x;k FkkA uqDlku gh djrk jgrk gSA D;k Hkxoku eka dk ikjk xeZ gks x;kA ^^Qwynku dgka gS\** eka vkleku ls vkdj bls le>k,\**

fpYykbZA

^^VwV x;kA** eSa ejh vkokt esa cksykA ^^vksg! D;k fd;k rwus\** ^^/kks[ks ls---------gks x;kA** ^^/kks[kk] rq>s mldh dher irk Fkh\ fdruk egaxk Fkk ogA dgrk gS] /kks[kk gks x;kA** eka dk xqLlk c<+rk tk jgk FkkA muds gkFk esa >kM+w FkhA mUgksaus esjs nks&rhu >kM+w tM+ nhaA eSa jksus yxkA 'kksj lqudj nknh vk x;haA esjs ikl vkdj [kM+h gks x;ha vkSj cksyh]^^tkudh dkap gh rks VwVk gSA csVs ls dherh Fkk D;k\** eka us dgk]^^vEek] blus tkudj rksM+k gSA bls vkt :sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

xkao esa rhu fnu chr x;s] irk gh ugha pykA eka dk nksigj Qksu vk;k] cksyha]^^rsjh ;kn vk jgh gSA** eka dh vkokt HkjkZ;h FkhA eSa eka dks dBksj ân; le>rk Fkk] ysfdu eka ds ân; dh osnuk le>us esa ;qx chr tk,a] og Hkh de gSaA ftrus fnu eSa xkao esa jgk] eka eq>s jkst Qksu djrhaA 'kk;n eka dk I;kj ,slk gh gksrk gSA


14

ykbo

ftanxh

hfkfg

tafxL s] ;fn e/ afb ekpZ 2011 tkiku ds bfrgkl esa [krjukd rckgh ysdj vk;kA ,d lky ls vf/kd le; chr tkus ds ckn Hkh yksxksa ds t[e gjs gSaA mUgksaus ns[kk gS viuksa dks izy;adkjh ygjksa esa cgrs gq,A os tkurs gSa D;k gksrk gS xe viuksa ls lnk ds fy, fcNqM+us dkA

11

Hkh"k.k Hkwdai ls mith lwukeh us yxHkx 16 gtkj yksxksa dks ekSr ds vkxks'k esa ys fy;kA 3000 ls vf/kd yksx vkt Hkh ykirk gSaA lwukeh dh ygjksa us nks cM+s ijek.kq fj;sDVjksa dks rckg dj fn;k FkkA Qqdqf”kek nk;ph ijek.kq IykaV ls fudys fofdj.k ls feV~Vh] ikuh vkSj [kk|&lkexzh izHkkfor gqbZA FkksM+s Lrj dh jsfM;s'ku fQtk esa vc Hkh rktk gS] ysfdu balku vkSj isM+&ikS/kksa ds fy, mldh vf/kdrk tgjhyh gksrh gSA iqu%fuekZ.k esa tqVs gSa yksx ogka ds yksx tqVs gSa ml lcdks nksckjk LFkkfir djus esa tks fiNys lky fc[kj x;kA djhc 2]60]000 yksx ftuds ?kj rckg gks x;s ;k jsfM;s'ku ds dkj.k vlqjf{kr ?kksf"kr dj fn;s x;s] vkt Hkh os vLFkkbZ vkoklksa esa jgus dks etcwj gSaA mUgsa bartkj gS ljdkj ds iqu%fuekZ.k dk;Zdze dkA blesa 10 o"kZ

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

dk le; yxus dh mEehn rFkk vkSlr 300 fcfy;u MkWyj dk [kpZ vk;sxkA ckotwn blds tkiku ds yksx vius Lrj ls tqVs gSaA fQygky eq[;rkSj ij iz'kklu lQkbZ dk;Z esa yxk gS tks fiNys lky ls tkjh gSA fefy;u Vu eyok lkQ fd;k tk jgk gSA dpjs dk <sj Hkh yx x;k gS ftls izHkkfor dLcksa ds ckgj bDV~Bk fd;k tk jgk gSA dkQh la[;k esa ogka ds yksx vius bykds NksM+dj tk jgs gSaA mUgsa Mj gS fd ijek.kq l;a=ksa ds utnhd jguk [krjs ls [kkyh ughaA Hkjkslk gS [kqn ij ;g ekywe gksrs gq, Hkh fd tkiku ds rckg gq, rVh; bykdksa esa lwukeh fQj ls vk ldrh gS] yksx Hkjksls ds lkFk gSaA gtkjksa okyafV;j laLFkk;sa ljdkj ds lkFk feydj dke dj jgh gSaA ,d o`) dk dguk gS fd tkiku ds yksxksa us vesfjdk }kjk ijek.kq ce ds fouk'k ds ckn ns”k dks [kM+k fd;k] ogh dke vc fd;k tk jgk gSA cPps] cw<+s vkSj toku ,d lkFk u lgh] VqdM+ksa esa tksM+ jgs gSa VwVs&QwVs fgLlksa dksA &nhid


15

fiDpj

ijQsDV

fdruk Hkksyk

fdruk vycsyk eSa vHkh NksVk gwa eSa] vHkh uUgk gwa eSa] ns[kks fdruk Hkksyk gwa eSa] ns[kks fdruk vycsyk gwa eSadjrs gSa I;kj eq>s lc] djrs gSa nqykj eq>s lc] vka[kksa esa dkty gS esjh] lcls vPNh eEeh esjh] ikik pkgrs eq>s cgqr] nhnh djrha thHkj I;kj] ns[kks fdruk Hkksyk gwa eSa] ns[kks fdruk vycsyk gwa eSadHkh&dHkh ’kjkjr djrk] ugha fdlh ls tc Mjrk] fQj Hkh vka[kksa dk rkjk gwa] uUgk jkt nqykjk gwa] dgrs os] eSa tx ls U;kjk gwa] galrk gwa thHkj eSa Hkh] jksuk eq>dks vkrk gS] [okfg’k esjh ekusa lc] eukuk mudks vkrk gS] ethZ djrk vius eu dh] rqEgkjk D;k tkrk gS] ns[kks fdruk Hkksyk gwa eSa] ns[kks fdruk vycsyk gwa eSa&gjfeUnj flag

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

vkjtw dk uUgk HkkbZ vueksy


16

vyx

nqfu;k

ehyksa ikj vyx lalkj i`Foh ds ckgj Hkh ,slh nqfu;k clrh gS tgka thou gSA oSKkfud ekurs gSa fd ,slk laHko gSA mudk dguk tk;t blfy, Hkh gS fd D;ksafd fodflr rduhd ds bLrseky ls mUgsa varfj{k ls lacaf/kr ,slh vge tkudkfj;ka feyh gSa tks bl vksj b’kkjk djrh gSa fd gekjh /kjrh ds ijs Hkh ,d lalkj gS

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012


17

vyx

nqfu;k

, cPpksa dh etsnkj lksp ^^”kk;n ogka fo”kkydk; isM+ gksa ftudh tM+sa /kjrh dh lrg dks Nwrh gksaA ikuh ds fcuk gok gh mudk Hkkstu gksA tkuoj ,d u gks] flQZ ,fy;Ul gksa] gekjh rjg nks iSjksa ij pyus okysA** &eqdqy] d{kk%6 ^^eSa nwljk lalkj ns[kuk pkgrk gwa D;ksafd ogka lc vyx gksxkA eq>s mRlqdrk gks jgh gSA** &tlehr] d{kk%8

d le; ,slk Hkh Fkk tc gesa irk Fkk fd lkSj eaMy esa ukS xzg gSaA gesa ;g Hkh irk Fkk fd muds }kjk lw;Z dh ifjdzek dh tkrh gSA blds vykok geas ;g iDdk ;dhu gks pyk Fkk fd muds vkxs nqfu;k gS gh ughaA flQZ fQYeksa ;k fdrkcksa dh dgkfu;ksa esa ge lkSj eaMy ds ckgj dh nqfu;k dks ns[kdj gSjku gksrsA dYiuk,a gdhdr dk #i ys ysrhaA okdbZ og dkQh jksekapd gksrkA ijxzgh ;k ,fy;Ul dk gksuk Hkh gekjh foLr`r dYiuk dk urhtk gSA [kkldj cPpksa ds fy, ;g fdlh vtwcs ls de ughaA ,fy;Ul ds izfr mRlqdrk LVkj&VªSd ljh[kh fQYeksa ds dkj.k vkSj c<+hA lkSj eaMy ds eaxy xzg ij ge thou dh [kkst ds fy, e”khuksa dks Hkst pqdsA vc Hkh dke tkjh gSA thou ds lqjkxksa dh [kkst geas varfj{k dh xgjkbZ;ksa esa fopj.k djus dks etcwj dj jgh gSA fo”kkydk; VSyhLdksi blh dke esa yxs gSaA ge okLro esa [kkst jgs gSa ,d ,slh nqfu;k tgka ftanxh clrh gksA ,d ,slh nwljh /kjrh tgka thus ds fy, lHkh t#jh rRo ekStwn gksaA

ds fpUg vHkh feys ugha] flQZ dSlh gksxh th laouHkkoukvks a ls dke pyk;k tk jgk gSA oSKkfud pkSchl ?kaVs varfj{k dks nwljh nqfu;k\ Nkuus esa tqVs gSaA dbZ oSKkfud Hkjksls ds

ogka lc dqN gSjku djus okyk gksxkA ogka ds izkf.k;ksa dks ns[kdj ge lkspus ij etcwj gks tk;saxs

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

lkFk Li"V 'kCnksa esa dgrs gSa fd nwljh nqfu;k ds izk.kh gekjh rjg fcYdqy ugha gksaxsA mudk psgjk vyx gksxk rFkk ckdh 'kkjhfjd Hkkx Hkh fHkUu gksaxsA D;k irk os ,d vka[k okys gksa] ,d iSj okys ;k ,d gkFk okys ;k fQj ,d ds ctk; dbZ vka[k&iSj&gkFk gksaA muds 'kjhj dk jax gjk] uhyk] ihyk ;k dkyk Hkh gks ldrk

,d ,slk lalkj tgka balku viuh cLrh clk ldsA ysfdu D;k ,slk laHko gks ik,xk\ 70 ;k 80 ds n'kd esa geus nwjchuksa dks bruk 'kfDr'kkyh ugha cuk;k FkkA /khjs&/khjs rduhd esa btkQk gqvk vkSj vkt VSDUkksykWth bruh rhoz gS fd phtsa rc cuus esa n'kdksa ys tkrh Fkha] vkt feuVksa esa rS;kj gks jgh gSaA lkSjeaMy ij geus cjkcj utj cukdj j[kh gSA varfj{k dh mFkyiqFky gekjs oSKkfud yxkrkj ns[k jgs gSaA fdruk dqN ?kV jgk gS varfj{k esa] bldh tkudkjh i`Foh ij izkIr gks jgh gSA ubZ laHkkouk,a ryk'kus esa fo”kky nwjchuksa us foKku dh cgqr enn dh gSA varfj{k dh nqfu;k esa fdlh iy dqN Hkh ?kV ldrk gS tks csgn jksekap ls Hkjk gks ldrk gSA vjcksa ehyksa ls nwj dh gypy dks ge ekWfuVj dj jgs gSaA izdk”k o"kZ esa geus nwfj;ka fu;r dj nh gSaA oSKkfud tqVs gSa i`Foh ls ckgj ,d ,slk xzg [kkstus esa tgka thou eqefdu gksA Hkfo"; esa “kk;n gekjh dYiuk gdhdr esa rCnhy gks tk, fd balkuh cLrh dgha vkSj Hkh cl ldrh gSA &vfHk’ksd

gSA muds nkar] dku] ukd vkfn gesa gSjku djus ds fy, D;k irk dkQh gksaA bruk t#j dgk tk ldrk gS fd nwljh nqfu;k ds izk.kh balkuh “kDy&lwjr okys ugha gksaxsA ogka ok;qeaMy Hkh gekjh /kjrh ls vyx gks ldrk gSA isM+&ikS/ks] feV~Vh] iRFkj vkfn fHkUu&fHkUu fdLeksa ds gksaxsA ysfdu ikuh t#j gksxk] ;g T;knkrj oSKkfudksa dk er gSA &vueksy


18 fta+nxh pqipki gS] dgha [kksbZ gS] xqelqe gS og viuh nqfu;k esa] py jgk /khjs&/khjs] cw<+k dksbZ gS,d dksf’k’k cq<+kis dks djhc ls tkuus dh

o`)xzke

o`)ksa dk igyk CykWx

http://vradhgram18.blogspot.in

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012


19

csfelky

lkbuk

22

o’kZ lkbuk usgoky tUe % 7 ekpZ 1990] fglkj] gfj;k.kk [ksy jRu iqjLdkj ls lEekfur

2 4 19

loZJs’B jSad

ekStwnk jSad

dqy f[krkc thrs

izeq[k VkbVYl 2009 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2011 2012

baMksfu”k;k lqij lhjht flaxkiqj lqij lhjht baMksfu”k;k lqij lhjht gkaxdkai lqij lhjht pkbuht rkbis vksiu bafM;k vksiu xzka izh fLol vksiu fLol vksiu

lkm/ nx/fof lt/+uf

22osa tUefnu ij thr dk rksgQk

buk usgoky us fLoV~tjySaM ds cklsy esa lk phu dh f'kf'k;ku okax dks Qkbuy esa ijkftr dj fn;kA mUgksaus fLol vksiu xzkafç- xksYM cSMfeaVu VªkQh thrhA nqfu;k dh ikaposa uacj dh Hkkjrh; f[kykM+h gSa lkbukA mUgksaus fo'o esa rhljh jSad dh f[kykM+h f'kf'k;ku dks 48 feuV rd pys jksekapd eqdkcys esa 21&19] 21&16 ls ijkLr fd;k vkSj l= dk viuk igyk f[krkc thrkA vius 22osa tUefnu ds ekSds ij mUgksaus ;g thr muds fy, cgqr ek;us j[kus okyh gSA fLol vksiu dk ;g f[krkc yxkrkj nwljs lky lkbuk usgoky us vius uke fd;kA

dqN [kkl ckrsa

lkbuk dh ekrk m’kk usgoky vkSj firk Mk- gjohj flag nksuksa cSMfeaVu ds f[kykM+h jgs gSa- m’kk gfj;k.kk dh jkT; pSafi;u jgha 14 lky dh mez esa lkbuk us o"kZ 2004 esa us'kuy twfu;j pkSfEi;uf'ki thr yh Fkh- vkSj o"kZ 2005 esa fQj bl f[krkc dks gkfly fd;k 2006 vkSj 2007 esa mUgksaus us'kuy lhfu;j pkSfEi;u'khi Hkh thrh 2009 esa baMksusf'k;k vksiu thrrs gq, lqij lhjht cSMfeaVu VwukZesaV dk f[krkc vius uke fd;k] ;g miyfC/k muls igys fdlh vU; Hkkjrh; efgyk dks gkfly ugha gqbZ vkWy baXySaM lhjht ds lsehQkbuy esa igqapus okyh igyh Hkkjrh; f[kykM+h cuha rks ogha baMksusf'k;u vksiu thrdj og nqfu;k dh uacj nks f[kykM+h cuha

^^eSa dHkh Hkh fdlh f[kykM+h dh jSafdax ;k mldh [;kfr ls çHkkfor gksdj ugha [ksyus mrjrhA eSa tc cSMfeaVu dksVZ ij mrjrh gwa rks ekurh gwa fd eSa gh loZJs"B gwaA** &lkbuk usgoky

izLrqfr % vk”kqrks’k :sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012


20

J)katfy

84 o’kZ

ukscsy fotsrk jkWySaM ugha jgs

v

esfjdk ds jlk;u'kkL=¼dSfeLVªh½ ds izksQslj QzSad “ksjoqM jkWySaM dk 84 o"kZ dh vk;q esa fu/ku gks x;kA mUgksaus lcls igys /kjrh dh vkstksu ijr ds uqDlku ds ckjs esa irk yxk;k FkkA mUgksaus izfrf"Br if=dk ^uspj* esa 1924 esa vius “kks/ki= esa fy[kk fd Dyksjks¶yksjks dkcZu ds dkj.k vkstksu dh ijr dks Hkkjh {kfr gks jgh gSA jkWySaM dh ml le; dbZ oSKkfudksa }kjk [kwc vkykspuk gqbZ FkhA og le; ,slk Fkk tc Dyksjks¶yksjks dkcZu uked ekuo fufeZr ml jlk;u dk dkQh iz;ksx gksrk FkkA jkWySaM dks chl lky ckn lu~ 1995 esa ekfj;ks eksfyuk vkSj ikmy dzVtu ds lkFk izfrf"Br ukscsy iqjLdkj fn;k x;kA mUgha dh cnkSyr ;g eqefdu gqvk fd Dyksjks¶yksjks dkcZu ij izfrca/k yxkA &vfHk’ksd :sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

iwjk uke % QzSad “ksjoqM jkWySaM tUe % 28 twu 1927] vksfg;ks] vesfjdk e`R;q % 10 ekpZ 2012] dkfyQksfuZ;k] vesfjdk tkus tkrs gSa vkstksu ijr uqDlku ij “kks/k ds fy, ftls tkuh&ekuh if=dk ^uspj* esa izdkf”kr fd;k x;k Fkk izeq[k iqjLdkj 1976 1983 1989 1994 1995

gkWyeSu eSMy Vkbyj iqjLdkj i;kZoj.kh; miyfC/k;ksa ds fy, tkiku iqjLdkj foKku esa vrqyuh; ;ksxnku ds fy, jkWtj jSfoyh eSMy ukscsy iqjLdkj jlk;u”kkL= ds fy,


21

J)katfy

vHkh vyfonk er dgks nksLrks---xqtjs t+ekus ds laxhrdkj jfo gesa NksM+ dj pys x;s- mudk laxhr ,slk Fkk tks vkt Hkh mlh rjg ctrk gS- mudh cukbZ /kqusa vej gks x;ha- bruh fofo/krk okys laxhrdkj cgqr gh de gksrs gSa tSlkfd jfo Fks

j

fo mu laxhrdkjksa esa ls Fks ftudh /kqusa gesa ;kn rks gSa ysfdu ;g irk ugha fd mUgsa cukus okyk dkSu gS\ ge mUgsa xquxqukrs Hkh gSa] exj ekywe ugha gS fd laxhr fdlus fn;k\ jfo dk laxhr ,slk gS ftls jkg pyrs fHk[kkjh ls ysdj cSaM ckts okys xkrs&ctkrs vk jgs gSaA ,d xhr ^xjhcksa dh lquks] oks rqEgkjh lqusxk] rqe ,d iSlk nksxs] oks nl yk[k nsxk* dkQh e'kgwj gSA ^vkt esjs ;kj dh 'kknh gS* lfn;ksa ls 'kkfn;ksa esa ctrk vk;k gSA cPpksa ds fy, Hkh dbZ xhrksa dh ;knxkj /kqusa jfo us cukbaZA ^nknh vEek nknh&vEek eku tkvks*] ^ge Hkh vxj cPps gksrs* vkfn vkt Hkh mlh rjg rktk gSaA ^pank ekek nwj ds] iq, idk;sa cwj ds* dk laxhr vkSj xhr Hkh mUgha ds FksA 1950 esa os eqacbZ vk x;s FksA os xk;d cuuk pkgrs FksA dbZ lky rd la?k"kZ fd;k] dke ugha feykA eykM LVs'ku ij Hkw[ks isV Hkh lksuk iM+kA mu fnuksa ds e'kgwj laxhrdkj gsear dqekj us mUgsa igpkukA mlds ckn xq#nRr ds lkFk us mudh nqfu;k gh cny nhA mudk igyk czd ^pkSngoha dk pkan* ds fy, mUgsa feyk ftldk laxhr vkt Hkh vej gSA ;'k pksiM+k vkSj chvkj- pksiM+k tSls fnXxtksa ls mUgksaus dke fd;k vkSj lnkcgkj laxhr fn;kA jfo ds }kjk fn;s laxhrc) fd;s ^fudkg* fQYe ds xhr dh ykbusa gSa % ^vHkh vyfonk er dgks nksLrksa u tkus fQj dgk¡ eqykdkr gksA* &fiz;k

/ljz+s/ zdf{

ofbuf/ ;+uLt fny ds vjeka vkalqvksa esa cg x,  ckcqy dh nqvk;sa ysrh tk  vkt esjs ;kj dh “kknh gS  xjhcksa dh lquks] oks rqEgkjh lqusxk  pank ekek nwj ds  uhys xxu ds rys  tc pyh BaMh gok  rq>s lwjt dgwa ;k pank  pkSngoha dk pkan gks  lkS ckj tue ysaxs  dSV ekus fcYyh  ge Hkh vxj cPps gksrs  nknh&vEek nknh&vEek ekuk tkvks  dy peu Fkk vkt lsgjk gqvk  rq>dks iqdkjs esjk I;kj  esjh tksgjktch rq>s ekywe ugha

tUe % 3 ekpZ 1926] fnYyh

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

86

o’kZ

e`R;q % 7 ekpZ 2012

jfo ds csVs dk fookg vfHkus=h o’kkZ mlaxkodj ls gqvk gS jfo us nwjn”kZu ds tkus&ekus lhjh;y ^egkHkkjr* dk laxhr Hkh fn;k mUgsas ey;kye fQYeksa esa ^ckEcs jfo* ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gS “kEeh diwj ij fQYek;k x;k e”kgwj xhr ^,d ckj ns[kks gtkj ckj ns[kks* Hkh jfo us gh laxhrc) fd;k


22

vej

laxhr fQYe % ?kjkuk ¼1961½ laxhrdkj % jfo xhrdkj % “kdhy cnk;wauh xk;d % vk”kk Hkksalys] dey cM+ksr

cPpkas ds fy, jfo ds uxes fQYe % opu ¼1955½ laxhrdkj % jfo xhrdkj % jfo xk;d % vk”kk Hkksalys

nknh&vEek nknh&vEek nknh&vEek nknh&vEek eku tkvks NksM+ks th ;s xqLlk tjk g¡l ds fn[kkvks nknh&vEek nknh&vEek eku tkvks NksM+ks th ;s xqLlk tjk g¡l ds fn[kkvks nknh&vEek nknh&vEek eku tkvksA NksVh&NksVh ckrksa is u fcxM+k djks xqLlk gks rks B.Mk ikuh ih fy;k djks [kkyh&ihyh viuk dystk u tykvks nknh&vEek nknh&vEek eku tkvks NksM+ks th ;s xqLlk tjk g¡l ds fn[kkvks nknh&vEek nknh&vEek eku tkvksA nknh rqEgsa ge rks euk ds jgsaxs [kkuk vius gkFkksa ls f[kyk ds jgsaxs pkgs gesa ekjks pkgs gesa /kedkvks nknh&vEek nknh&vEek eku tkvks NksM+ks th ;s xqLlk tjk g¡l ds fn[kkvks nknh&vEek nknh&vEek eku tkvksA

bl xhr dks jfo us fy[kk tks dkQh fgV lkfcr gqvk- mlds ckn gsear dqekj tSls laxhrdkj us mUgsa lykg nh fd os vc muds vflLVsaV u jgdj Lo;a viuh igpku cuk;sa-

ge Hkh vxj cPps gksrs ge Hkh vxj cPps gksrs uke gekjk gksrk xcyw ccyw [kkus dks feyrs yìw vkSj nqfu;k dgrh gSIih cMZs Vw ;w

dgks rks rqEgkjh ge pEih dj nsa fi;ks rks rqEgkjs fy;s gqDdk Hkj nsa g¡lh u Nqikvks tjk vk¡[ksa rks feykvks nknh&vEek nknh&vEek eku tkvks NksM+ks th ;s xqLlk tjk g¡l ds fn[kkvks nknh&vEek nknh&vEek eku tkvksA

dksbZ ykrk xqfM+;k] eksVj] jsy rks dksbZ ykrk fQjdh] yêw dksbZ pkch dk Vêw vkSj nqfu;k dgrh gSIih cMZs Vw ;w

gels tks Hkwy gqbZ ekQ djks ek¡ xys yx tkvks fny lkQ djks ek¡ vPNh lh dgkuh dksbZ gedks lqukvks nknh&vEek nknh&vEek eku tkvks NksM+ks th ;s xqLlk tjk g¡l ds fn[kkvks nknh&vEek nknh&vEek eku tkvksA

¼ fdruh I;kjh gksrh gS ;s Hkksyh lh mej u ukSdjh dh fpUrk u jksVh dh fQdj ½ uUgs&eqUus gksrs ge rks nsrs lkS gqdqe ihNs&ihNs ikik&eEeh cuds ukSdj pkWysV] fcLdqV] VkWQh [kkrs vkSj ihrs nqíw

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

pank ekek nwj ds pank ekek nwj ds] iq, idk,a cwj ds vki [kk,a Fkkyh esa] eqUus dks nsa I;kyh esa I;kyh xbZ VwV eqUuk x;k :B yk,axs ubZ I;kfy;k¡ ctk ctk ds rkfy;k¡ eqUus dks euk,axs ge nw/k eykbZ [kk,axs] pank ekek nwj ds--mM+u[kVksys cSB ds eqUuk pank ds ?kj tk,xk rkjksa ds lax vk¡[k fepkSyh [ksy ds fny cgyk,xk [ksy dwn ls tc esjs eqUus dk fny Hkj tk,xk Bqed Bqed esjk eqUuk okil ?kj dks vk,xk] pank ekek nwj ds------A

fQYe % nwj dh vkokt+ ¼1964½ laxhrdkj % jfo xhrdkj % “kdhy cnk;wauh xk;d % vk”kk Hkksalys] ekS- jQh] eUuk Ms vkSj nqfu;k dgrh gSIih cMZs Vw ;w ¼ dSls&dSls u[kjs djrs ?kjokyksa ls ge iy esa g¡lrs iy esa jksrs djrs ukd esa ne ½ vDdM+&cDdM+ yqDd&Nqih dHkh Nqvk&Nw djrs fnu Hkj gYyk&xqYyk naxk vkSj m/ke vkSj dHkh ftn ij vM+ tkrs tSls vfM+;y Vêw vkSj nqfu;k dgrh gSIih cMZs Vw ;w ¼ vc rks ;s gS gky ds tc ls chrk cpiu ek¡ ls >xM+k cki ls VDdj choh ls vucu ½ dksYgw ds ge cSy cus gSa /kksch ds x/ks nqfu;k Hkj ds M.Ms lj is [kk;sa nuknu cpiu viuk gksrk rks u djrs <s¡pw&<s¡pw vkSj nqfu;k dgrh gSIih cMZs Vw ;w


23

J)katfy

pys x;s tkW; eq[kthZ kxnL lkmNd yo bu f”keyk ¼1960½ fQYe dh vfHkus=h lk/kuk Fkha

ofbuf/ lkmNd]+ yo bu f”keyk ¼1960½ fQj ogh fny yk;k gwa ¼1963½ ftn~nh ¼1964½ b”kkjk ¼1964½ yo bu VksfD;ks ¼1966½ “kkfxZn ¼1967½ gelk;k ¼1968½ ,d dyh eqLdk;h ¼1968½ ,d ckj eqLdjk nks ¼1972½

tkW; eq[kthZ

tUe % 24 Qjojh 1939] >kalh

e`R;q % 9 ekpZ 2012] eqacbZ

tkW; eq[kthZ dk ,d viuk nkSj gqvk djrk FkkA mudh best ,d galh fetkt ghjks ds #i esa FkhA ,d le; ,slk Hkh Fkk tc yksx mudh eqLdku ds nhokus gks x;s FksA gkykafd yacs le; rd ckWyhoqM esa os viuk eqdke ugha cuk ldsA mudh lknxh mudh igpku FkhA jkts”k [kUuk tSls flrkjksa ds mn; ds lkFk tkW; dk lw;Z vLr gksus yxkA mudh yksdfiz;rk de gksrh x;hA fQYesa vPNh ugha feyhaA mUgksaus fQYesa cukbZ] funsZ”ku fd;k] ysfdu ckr ugha cuhA vius vkf[kjh fnuksa esa mudk otu dkQh c<+ x;k FkkA mudk LokLF; Hkh fcxM+rk tk jgk FkkA muds QsQM+ksa us dke djuk can dj fn;kA 9 ekpZ dh lqcg mUgksaus vafre lkal yhA tkW; pqipki pys x;sA &efuanj flag

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

73

o’kZ

tkW; eq[kthZ ds firk fQYeky; LVwfM;ks ds laLFkkid FksA mudk uke “kf”k/kj eq[kthZ FkkA tkW; dh ekrk lhrk nsoh vius tekus ds e”kgwj vfHkusrk jgs v”kksd dqekj dh lxh cgu FkhaA e”kgwj xk;d fd”kksj dqekj muds vady FksA muds HkkbZ “kksew eq[kthZ us vfHkus=h ruqtk ls fookg fd;kA vkt ds tekus dh vfHkusf=;ka jkuh eq[kthZ] dktksy vkSj rfu’kk tkW; dh Hkrhth gSatkW; dh ifRu dk uke uhye gSA muds nks csVs vkSj ,d csVh gSaA 1960 ds ckn tkW; ds jksy ejus yxs] rks mUgksaus fQYe fuekZ.k vkSj funZs”ku esa dne j[kkmudh vkf[kjh funsZf”kr lqijghV fQYe Fkh ^NSyk ckcw* ftlesa jkts”k [kUuk us vfHku; fd;k- ;g fQYe 1977 esa vk;h-


24

[ksy

f[kykM+h

zfgbf/ ;lrg 49 zts jg*] d]+

51

zts ^]:^ d]+

18426 /g jg*] d]+

15470 /g ^]:^ d]+

lfpu ds v)Z”krd jg*] d]+

^]:^ d]+

96 65

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

dxfg x}+ ;lrg dj us vkf[kj “krdksa dk “krd cuk ; djfpu ogrsanqydkjukek dj fn;k ftldk bartkj gj

fdlh dks Fkk- VsLV vkSj ouMs] nksuksa esa vc lfpu ds 100 “krd iwjs gq,- ;g bfrgkl 17 ekpZ] 2012 dks cakXykns”k ds f[kykQ ,f”k;k lhjht esa ckaXyk /kjrh ij jpk x;k- Hkkjr og eSp gkj x;k Fkk- ;g fQj ls lkfcr gks x;k fd dsoy lfpu gh fdzdsV esa bfrgkl jp ldrs gSa- ehjiqj esa mUgksaus ogh fd;kmUgksaus 147 xsan esa 114 ju cuk;s ftuesa 12 pkSds vkSj ,d Ng “kkfey Fkk- mUgksaus tks eqdke gkfly fd;k gS] yxrk ugha ogka rd dksbZ igqap ik;sxk D;ksafd ^lfpu* ,d gh gqvk gS- fjdh iksafVx muds djhc igqapus ds fy, csrkc Fks] ysfdu os vc fdzdsV ds lU;klh gSalfpu rsanqydj “kkunkj] csfelky gh ugha cfYd lcls egku gSa&lqfer


25

[ksy

f[kykM+h

^lfpu* dHkh cw<+k ugha gksxk gjfeUnj flag

nq

tUe vkSj tUefnu 24 vçSy 1973 dks eqacbZ esa lfpu rsanqydj dk tUe gqvk Fkk- vxys eghus os 39 lky ds gks tk;saxs- mudk iwjk uke lfpu jes”k rsanqydj gSD;k fjdkWMZ cuk;k\ tc os 14 lky ds rks mUgksaus Ldwy esa vius 16 lky ds lkFkh fouksn dkacyh ds lkFk feydj 664 ju dh VsLV lk>snkjh dh fo”o fjdkMZ cuk;k- mlesa lfpu us 326 ukWVvkmV vkSj dkacyh us Hkh fcuk vkmV gq, 349 ju cuk;s- ckn esa ;g fjdkWMZ 2006 esa gSnjkckn ds ,d Ldwy esa i<+us okys nks cPpksa &eukst vkSj “kgckt us rksM+k- mudh lk>snkjh 721 ju dh jghigyk eSp mUgksaus viuk igyk VsLV eSp uoacj 1989 esa ikfdLrku ds f[kykQ djkph esa [ksyk Fkk- igyk ouMs eSp fnlacj 1989 esa ikfdLrku ds f[kykQ xqtjkaokyk esa [ksyk Fkk-

lfpu dk igyk “krd jg*]

^]:^

1994 1990 esa 9 flracj dks cuk;k Fkk vkWLVsªfy;k ds f[kykQ ftlesa Hkkjr dh thr gqbZ- bl eSp esa lfpu us dqy 110 ju cuk;s Fks-

esa 14 vxLr dks cuk;k Fkk eSupsLVj esa baXySaM ds fo#) tks eSp cjkcjh ij NwVk Fkk- mlesa lfpu us 119 ju cuk;s-

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

fu;k us mls ns[kkA mldh egkurk dks lyke fd;kA lkS 'krd yxkdj fQj og Hkksyh lwjr] gYdh eqLdku ds lkFk bfrgkl jp x;kA lfpu ds vykok Hkyk ,slk dkSu dj ldrk gSA [kkeks'k jgk og] ncko Hkh Fkk] ysfdu bartkj Fkk lgh ekSds dkA bl ?kqa?kjkys ckyksa okys NksVs dn ds 'k[l ls vHkh vkSj mEehn gSA lfpu dh mez ds fdzdsVj dc ds fjVk;j gks vkjke Qjek jgs gSaA lfpu ugha Fkds] u cYys dks pqi fd;kA lU;kl tc ysaxs rc ysaxs] ysfdu ^lfpu* dHkh cw<+k ugha gksxkA blh rjg ean eqLdku ds lkFk cYys ls jksekap iSnk djrk jgsxkA ^lfpu* bruk fo'kky gks pqdkA uke ds 'kCn dh ifjHkk"kk foLr`r gSA dn NksVk gS] fQj Hkh dn cgqr cM+k gSA vly esa ;gh ^lfpu* gS ftlds ek;us D;k gSa] “kk;n gekjh lksp ls ijsA yrk ftls ilan djrh gSa] fuf'pr gh og Js"B gksxkA czSMeSu ls ftldh rqyuk dh tk,] ;dhuu og egku gksxkA Hkkjr esa xkoLdj Hkwyk tk ldrk gS] ^lfpu* ughaA tkurs gSa ge % vxj dkaisaxh maxfy;ka mldh] fxzi <hyk ugha gksxk] yM+[kM+k;saxh Vkaxsa rc Hkh og fdzt ij gksxk] ---D;ksafd ^lfpu* dHkh cw<+k ugha gksxkA

lfpu ds ckn ftuds gSa vf/kd “krd 1- fjdh iksafVax 2- tkWd dkfyl 3- czk;u ykjk 4- jkgqy nzfoM+ 5- t;o)us 6- t;lw;kZ 7- laxkdkjk 8- eSF;w gSMu 9- ekS- ;wlqQ 10-ekdZ okW

jg*]

30 17 19 12 15 28 13 10 15 18

^]:^

कुल

41 42 34 36 29 14 28 30 24 20

71 59 53 48 44 42 41 40 39 38

Hkkjrh; f[kykM+h ftUgksaus yxk;s gSa [kwc “krd

38 37 35 29

“krd yxk;s gSa ouMs vkSj VsLV esa lkSjHk xkaxqyh us“krd yxk;s gSa ouMs vkSj VsLV esa ohjsUnz lgokx us“krd yxk;s gSa ouMs vkSj VsLV esa lqfuy xkoLdj us“krd yxk;s gSa ouMs vkSj VsLV esa ekS- vtg#n~nhu us-


26

[ksy

f[kykM+h

164 VsLV esa ju gSa

13288

cnljbf

/fx'n È

36 ’krd 63 ipkls

344 ouMs esa ju gSa

10889

12 ’krd 83

QksVks % gjfeUnj flag

ipkls

1996 esa gh igyk VsLV vkSj ouMs [ksyk

jk

gqy nzfoM+ us fdzdsV ls lU;kl ys fy;kA ge mUgsa ^feLVj&dwy* ds uke ls Hkh tkurs gSaA 13 gtkj ls vf/kd VsLV ju vkSj 11 gtkj ds djhc ,dfnolh; esa muds ju ;g dgus ds fy, dkQh gSa fd jkgqy nzfoM+ fdzdsV esa fdl eqdke ij igqap pqds FksA mudh ikfj;ka ges’kk ;kn dh tk;saxhA nhokj dh rjg [kM+s gksdj mUgksaus Hkkjr dks dbZ vge ikfj;kas esa thr fnykbZA mudh cYysckth dh rduhd yktcko FkhA lfpu ljh[ks egku fdzdsVj Hkh dg pqds fd jkgqy tSlk nwljk f[kykM+h ugha gks ldrk---mudh deh Mªsflax #e esa ges’kk [kysxh-&vt+he

iwjk uke

tUe

jkgqy ’kjn nzfoM+ 11 tuojh 1973 lHkh VsLV [ksyus okys ns’kksa ds fo#) ’krd cukus okys nqfu;k ds ,dek= cYysckt gSa jkgqy nzfoM+

210 dSp

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

ysdj nzfoM+ nqfu;k ds ,dek= f[kykM+h cus ftUgksaus ;g dkjukek VsLV eSapksa esa fd;k


27

ckr

csckr

geus Hkh [ksyh jkgqy lax

fdzdsV

bruk le; chr x;k] vkt Hkh jkgqy oSlk gh gSA ogh iqjkuk okyk jkgqyA 'kkar vkSj lksp&le>dj cksyus okykA dn&dkBh esa og eq>ls nksxquk gks pqdk gS vkSj vPNh [kklh ukSdjh gS mldhA

[ksy Hkh tedj i<+kbZ Hkh rudj

gjfeUnj flag

c

piu esa fdzdsV dk 'kkSd eq>s bruk Fkk fd NqV~Vh ds fnu fdrkcksa dks Nwrk rd ugha FkkA fe=ksa lax fudy tkrk [kqys eSnku esa tgka ?kkl uke dks gh gksrhA vkt ml eSnku] dy nwljsA mls ge ^xzkmaM&f'kf¶Vax* dgrsA gekjh Vhe rks Fkh ugha] ysfdu dqyk feykdj nl yM+ds gks tkrs ftuesa dbZ cYyk idM+uk <ax ls tkurs ugha FksA dqN ,sls Hkh Fks ftudk [kqn dk cYyk gksrk D;ksafd gj fdlh ds ifjokj okys ;gh pkgrs Fks fd muds cPps i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ esa /;ku nsa] u fd fdzdsV esaA blfy, muds ekrk&firk us mUgsa dHkh cYyk ;k fdzdsV dk dksbZ Hkh lkeku [kjhn dj ugha fn;kA os nwljksa dh n;k ds ik= gksrsA blds ckotwn fdzdsV tkjh FkkA ;k ;ksa dgsa fdzdsV tquwuh gks x;k FkkA jkgqy uke dk ,d yM+dk Hkh gekjs lkFk [ksyrk FkkA ftl fnu Hkkjr dh Vhe ouMs eSp [ksyrh ge feydj jkgqy nzfoM+ dh cYysckth ij fuxkg j[krsA dkj.k Fkk fd gekjs jkgqy dks dqN lkFkh eSp lekIr gksus ds ckn fp<+krs fd ^;kj rwus vPNk ugha fd;k] [kqn [ksyk gesa ys tkuk Hkwy x;kA* dksbZ dgrk]^;kj rq>ls [ksyk ugha tk jgk Fkk] rks gesa cqyk ysrkA rsjh dle inkZ Qkan dj LVsfM;e igqap tkrsA* ;g rc gksrk tc nzfoM+ dh ikjh csdkj gksrhA nzfoM+ tc vPNk [ksyrk rks dgrs]^HkbZ vkt deky dj fn;kA* gekjk jkgqy mudh vViVh ckrsa lqudj dsoy eqLdjkrkA ;g mldh [kkfl;r FkhA og dHkh f[kfl;k;k ugha] u gh xqLls esa csdkcw gqvkA ^fnekx BaMk] eLr gS cank* dh rtZ ij og ges'kk 'kkar jgrkA blfy, mls dqN cPps ^feLVj&dwy* Hkh dgrs] fcYdqy jkgqy nzfoM+ dh rjgA dqy feykdj mldk O;ogkj nzfoM+ tSlk gh FkkA de cksyus okyk] cYysckth fVddj djuk] cxSjg&cxSjgA

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

jk

gqy dh ,d [kkfl;r ;g Hkh Fkh fd mlus fdzdsV ds fy, viuh i<+kbZ dks dHkh nkao ij ugha yxk;kA gekjs lkfFk;ksa esa vf/kdrj ,sls gh Fks] flQZ ,d&vk/k dks NksM+ djA ysfdu os 60 izfr'kr ls uhps okys ugha FksA ;kfu i<+kbZ NqV~Vh ds fnu ugha dh rks D;k gqvk] jkr viuh FkhA fdrkcksa dh jkgqy us mruh gh dnz dh ftruh [ksy dhA vius ekrk&firk dh MkaV Hkh [kkbZA [ksy tkjh jgkA uacj vPNs vk;sA iM+ksfl;ksa ds rkus lqus] fcYdqy gekjh rjgA dkj.k Fkk xsan dk tkukA fQj iM+ksfl;ksa ds crZu [kVduk ;k fdlh vkaVh&vady ds fpYykus dh vkokt vkukA blh pDdj esa gj lIrkg xsan iSls bDV~Bs dj ykuh iM+rhA fdlh ds nks #i;s] fdlh ds ikap rks fdlh dk nl dk uksV tks mls ikWdsV euh dks Hkjs eu ls ^vyfonk* dgdj gesa nsuk iM+rkA Ldwy jkgqy fu;fer x;kA cjlkr esa Hkh #d ughaA ,slk ugha Fkk fd og Vh-oh- ugha ns[krk Fkk ysfdu mlus fdzdsV [ksyus dks NksM+dj gj fdlh dk Vkbe&Vscy cuk j[kk FkkA [kkuk Hkh le; ij gh djrk Fkk vkSj og Hkh [kqn dkVh gqbZ lykn ds lkFkA f[kaps&rus 'kjhj okyk jkgqy gesa cny jgk FkkA [kkldj mu cPpksa ij mldk dkQh izHkko iM+k tks i<+kbZ esa /;ku ugha nsrs FksA og mUgsa ekSds&ekSds ij xf.kr ds loky Hkh le>k nsrk FkkA ,d ckr etsnkj Fkh fd mls dyk fcYdqy ugha vkrh FkhA ij mldh dksf'k'k tkjh Fkh] Bhd mlh rjg ftl rjg fdzdsV tkjh FkkA

&gjfeUnj flag


28

ykbo

’kf[l;r

38

;wih ds vcrd lh-,e1- xksfoUn oYyHk iar 2- laiw.kkZuan 3- panzHkkuq xqIr 4- lqpsrk d`iykuh 5- pkS- pj.k flag 6- f=Hkqou ukjk;.k flag 7- deykifr f=ikBh 8- gseorh uan cgqxq.kk 9- ukjk;.k nRr frokjh 10-jkeujs”k ;kno 11-cukjlh nkl 12-fo”oukFk izrki flag 13-Jhifr feJ 14-ohjcgknqj flag 15-eqyk;e flag ;kno 16-dY;k.k flag 18-jkeizdk”k xqIr 19-jktukFk flag 20-ek;korh 21-vf[kys”k ;kno

lky dh mez esa mRrj izns’k ds lcls ;qok eq[;ea=h cuus dk xkSjo izkIr gqvk vf[kys’k ;kno dks

33osa

eq[;ea=h cus gSa vf[kys’k ;kno tcfd os m-iz- dh deky laHkkyus okys 21osa ’k[l gSa-

lcls ;qok lh,e mRrj izns’k ds iwoZ eq[;ea=h vkSj lektoknh ikVh ds eqf[k;k eqyk;e flag ;kno ds csVs vf[kys’k ;kno lcls de mez esa mRrj izns’k ds eq[;ea=h cuus dk fjdkWMZ cuk pqds gSaA muls igys ek;korh us 1995 esa 39 lky dh mez esa izns’k dk lh,e in laHkkyk FkkA vc os lRrk ls ckgj gSaA 38 lky ds vf[kys’k ns’k Hkj esa ftrus Hkh orZeku eq[;ea=h gSa muls lcls ;qok gSaA

tUe % 1 tqykbZ 1973 bVkok] m-iz-

vf[kys’k ds firk eqyk;e flag ;kno vkSj  jktLFkku esa /kkSyiqj lSfud Ldwy ls izkjafHkd f’k{kk yh ekrk dk uke ekyrh nsoh gS eSlwj fo’ofo|ky; ls i;kZoj.kh; izkS|ksfxdh esa fMxzh vf[kys’k dh ifRu fMaiy ;kno gSa tks gkfly dh pquko yM+ha ysfdu gkj pqdh gSa 1998 esa vkWLVsªfy;k ds vf[kys’k ds rhu cPps gSa % vfnfr] Vhuk vkSj vtqZu1995 esa

vc rd ds lcls ;qok eq[;ea=h

31 o"kZ

izQqYy dqekj egar

1985 esa vle ds lh,e cus

37 o"kZ

,-ds- ,aVuh

1977 esa dsjy ds lh,e cus

31pkjo"kZekg

xksxkax vikax

1980 esa v#.kkpy ds lh,e cus

38 o"kZ

i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ

mej vCnqYyk

2009 esa tEew&d’ehj ds lh,e cus

39 o"kZ dh mez esa ek;korh us mRrj izns’k dh lRrk laHkkyh

flMuh fo’ofo|ky; ls i;kZoj.k bathfu;fjaax esa ekLVj dh fMxzh ikzIr dh-

26

lky ds gSa y{}hi ls pqus x;s ,eih vgen gerqYykg lbZn-

vxkFkk laxek dsUnz ljdkj esa lcls ;qok ea=h gSaA os 28 o"kZ dh gSa-

25 o"kZ

30 o"kZ

pquko yM+us dh U;wure mez

pquko yM+us dh U;wure mez

MP/MLA

Rajyasabha

izLrqfr % fu’kkar :sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012


29

ykbo

’kf[l;r

lcls meznjkt+ lh,e izdk”k flag ckny ikapoh ckj iatkc ds eq[;ea=h cu x;s gSa84 lky dh mez esa cuus okys os Hkkjr ds lcls meznjkt eq[;ea=h Hkh gSa- 1970 esa ckny igyh ckj eq[;ea=h cus Fks- rc os 42 lky ds Fks vkSj ml le; ns”k ds lcls ukStoku eq[;ea=h cus- iatkc esa fiNys pkj n”kd esa ;g igyh ckj gqvk gS tc fdlh ny dh ljdkj nksckjk yxkrkj vk;h gS- blh rjg izdk”k flag ckny igys “k[l gSa tks yxkrkj nwljh ckj eq[;ea=h cus-

izdk’k flag ckny tUe % 8 fnlacj 1927] xkao vCnqy [kqjkuk] ekyck] iatkc

ifjokj ifRu lqfjUnj dkSj ftudh e`R;q fiNys lky gks x;hcsVs dk uke lq[kohj flag ckny gS tks fMIVh lh,e gSatcfd lq[kohj dh ifRu gjflejr dkSj iatkc esa ,e-ih- gSackny dh csVh dk uke ijuhr dkSj gS-

1957

esa igyh ckj ckny iatkc fo/kkulHkk esa igqaps- tcfd jktuhfr esa os 1947 esa inkZi.k dj pqds Fks-

:sÚn nfOj :sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

84

lky dh mez esa eq[;ea=h cu dj izdk”k flag ckny us ,d fjdkWMZ dk;e fd;k gS

dk;Zdky 1970&1971 1977&1980 1997&2002 2007&2012 2012&vc rd

fiNys vad miyC/k % issuu.com/vradhgram myebook18.blogspot.in


30

dkO;

’kkyk gjfeUnj flag

ckrsa D;k dgsa] gtkj ckrsa gSa] dgh ugha tkrha] cankscLr iwjk gS] [kqyrs gq;s iÙkksa dh rjg] vks<+ yks pyks] ckrksa dk dacy] [kVj&iVj ls nwj] Bgjs gq;s jkLrs] tk jgh ckrksa dh eafty] VdVdh yxk;s cSBk gS dksbZ] ;wa gh ugha cjlrh gSa ckrsaA vYgM+] eLrh esa pwj] mEehnksa ls Hkjh gSa ckrsa] [kqyh fdrkc ds mM+rs gq;s 'kCn gSa ckrsa] ;s Hkh gSa ckrsa] os Hkh gSa ckrsa] D;k&D;k ugha gSa ckrsa] ubZ gSa ckrsa] iqjkuh Hkh gSa] bl jkLrs ds eksM+ ij #dha] ml eksM+ ij nkSM+rh gSa ckrsa] dHkh 'kkar ugha gSa ckrsaA mEehnksa dh pqiM+h gqbZ jksVh] pkoy ls cuh f[kpM+h gSa ckrsa] Vksdjh ij p<+h /kwy ds d.k] gok dk 'kksj gSa ckrsa] #bZ dh xjekgV] rfd;s dk vkjke] ljiV nkSM+rh xkM+h] fcuk Vk;j dh lkbZfdy] eLr gkFkh dh fpa?kkM+ gSa ckrsaA f[kyrs Qwy dh [kq'kcw tks egd jgh gS] xqatu tks gks jgh gS] jax tks cg jgs gSa] lc dh rjg pgdrh gSa ckrsaA cpiu dh ;knsa lesVs] iM+kslu dh pqxyh gSa ckrsa] isM+ dh Mky dh ypd gSa ckrsa] ekse dh eqyk;e ijr gSa ckrsa] lw[ks iÙks dh [kM+[kM+kgV gSa ckrsa] xwaxs dh QjekbZ'k dk eeZ gSa ckrsaA dy dk liuk] vkt dk losjk]

:sÚn nfOj . ck||}n 2012

cknyksa dk va/ksjk] if{k;ksa dk clsjk] lc dqN gSa ckrsaA dfo dh dYiuk dk lw[kk leqæ] ;e dh xyh dk pkSjkgk] Vslw ds Qwy dk lkSan;Z gSa ckrsa] x/ks dh nqyÙkh Hkh gSa ckrsa] uhe dh Nky dh rjg] fuacksjh lh ykHknk;d] vkaoys lh [kêh] 'kgn lh ehBh] f=Qys lh dM+oh gSa ckrsaA fujkyh gSa] pkykdksa dh pkykdh dk vkStkj] usrkvksa dh dqlhZ dk eksg] vkSj LokFkZ ls ifjiw.kZ gSa ckrsa] fpfM;ksa dk 'kksj Fkeus ds ckn lkai dh ljljkgV gSa ckrsa] dye dh L;kgh ls fy[kh bckjr] iUuksa ds eksM+] v{kjksa dh oukoV dh rjg gSa ckrsaA chekj Hkh djrh gSa ckrsa] rktxh dh rjg gSa ckrsa] [kyh dh ngkM+ lh Hkh] ePNj dh >wa&>wa lh Hkh] ioZr dh ÅapkbZ] [kkbZ dh xgjkbZ] lesVs gq;s gSa ckrsaA ikuh dks jksdrh pêkuksa lh fpduh] jsr dh ijr lh [kqjnjh gSa ckrsa] us=ksa dh [kqyh iydksa lh] fgyrsa vksBksa lh] QM+QM+krh gSa ckrsa] dqN Hkh ugha] ysfdu cgqr dqN dgrh gSa ckrsaA


School Live magazine_april 2012 issue