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Equip Your iPad 速 for Science with SPARKvue 速 HD NEW!

SPARKvue HD + SPARKlink Air Wireless Sensor Data Collection & Analysis for iPads速, AndroidTM tablets & computers

Advanced Curriculum for Biology, Chemistry, Physics & Environmental Science

Advanced Chemistry MultiMeasure Sensor

Datalogging 21st Century Inquiry-Based Science Learning with SPARKscience

TM


NEW from PASCO for 2013 SPARKvue HD ®

Science App for the iPad and Android™ tablets ®

Wireless Data Collection! Wireless data collection for computers and tablets with SPARKlink Air

The SPARKlink Air allows students and teachers to connect any of PASCO’s 70+ sensors to their device via USB or Bluetooth. Conveniently store and charge up to five SPARKlink Air interfaces from one power source.

The full-featured version of our SPARKvue software for iPad and Android tablets

See pages 12-13.

See pages 220-222.

Advanced Chemistry Sensor Measures: • Pressure • Temperature • pH • Conductivity

The Advanced Chemistry Sensor provides broad coverage of core chemistry topics and the advanced ability to perform simultaneous measurements! See pages 40 and 51.

SPARKvue The latest version of SPARKvue features multi y-axes, bar graph display, and more.

Get a preview of SPARKvue 2.0, featuring student assessment, SPARKlab authoring, video synching and more. See pages 4-9.


Table of Contents

About PASCO’s SPARKscience SPARKscience Overview .............................. 2 SPARKvue..................................................... 4 SPARK Science Learning System ................. 8 SPARKlabs .................................................. 10

High School Science Biology ....................................................... 16 Chemistry .................................................. 40 Earth Science ............................................. 62 Environmental Science .............................. 76 Physics ....................................................... 96 Physical Science ...................................... 128

K-8 Science Middle School Science ............................ 142 Elementary School Science ...................... 158 Sally Ride Science ................................... 164

STEM Modules ......................................174 PASCO Products Sensors & Sensor Index ........................... 178 Interfaces/dataloggers .............................. 220 Labware .................................................... 232 SPARKlab Library ...................................... 236 Lab Manuals ............................................. 238 Professional Development........................ 240 Catalog Index ............................................ 244 Ordering Information ................................ 246

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About SPARKscience

™ SPARKvue Software is the media-rich hub of SPARKscience— a powerful science investigation tool and state-of-the-art learning environment all in one. Display and analyze live sensor data, collaborate, reflect, create electronic lab journals. One software operates on all your technology environments—interactive white boards, Mac and Windows computers, netbooks, and the SPARK Science Learning System. Now available for iPad® and AndroidTM tablets. labs

SPARKlabs are modern, highly interactive lab notebooks, complete with science content, setup and safety guidance, seamless data collection, and embedded assessment—fully contained on your computer or on a SPARK Science Learning System. PASCO offers a collection of over 60 free standards-based SPARKlabs to get you started, and our partners offer many more. Even author your own to tune your activities exactly to your curriculum needs. See page 10. The SPARK Science Learning System gives students access to anytime, anywhere science discovery. The SPARK Science Learning System gives students a portable stand-alone device that enables science discovery anytime, anywhere. Whether students are doing lab activities in the classroom or outdoors, this handheld solution is perfect for collaborative learning. It has a large, full-colored touchscreen and includes two sensors. It comes with SPARKvue software with over 60 pre-loaded SPARKlabs! See page 12. PASPORT Sensors allow students to wonder… then measure. It’s a foundation of science. Equip your students with modern sensing technologies for authentic data collection. Whether measuring water quality, strength of a magnetic field, or the ethanol production of yeast during fermentation, there are more than 70 all-digital PASPORT Sensors that give your students the means to collect real-world data and “see the invisible.” See pages 178-219.

WINNER

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“From the earliest grades, students should experience science in a form that engages them in the active construction of ideas and explanations that enhance their opportunities to develop the abilities of doing science.” – National Science Education Standards

SPARKscience Is Designed for You When we embarked on the SPARKscience program, we started by talking with over 1,000 educators around the world. We asked what mattered to you. And we listened. The result is SPARKscience. A completely re-imagined approach to both modern science and effective teaching and learning. Designed to help you prepare your students for the modern world of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

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About SPARKscience

SPARKvue

®

Software for interactive visualization and analysis

SPARKvue fully supports the learning process. SPARKvue software is a science tool and state-of-the-art learning environment all in one. SPARKvue offers a full suite of display options, from graphs and meters to digits and tables. Powerful analysis tools are always available at the touch of a finger…but never in the way. And SPARKvue creates opportunities for student reflection at every step, with the option to save a journal snapshot of work, including written observations, with just a touch of a finger.

SPARKvue is plug-and-learn. Simply connect any of the more than 70 PASPORT Sensors to your SPARKlink or SPARK Science Learning System and immediately begin collecting data and seeing live measurements. It’s powerful, yet simple—the way all probeware should be.

SPARKvue... It’s really different. A Fully supports the learning process. A Seamlessly integrates content and reflection prompts. A Finger-touch design keeps students in the flow. A Integrated electronic student journal

Supporting platforms of today and tomorrow.

Windows PCs

4

Macs

Netbooks

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SPARK Handheld

Android tablet


Recognized by the EdNET Community as a potential

“game changer” in education. The list of Leading education products and services for EdNET’S BEST was shaped by the EdNET community, and final selections were made by the EdNET’s Best panel.

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About SPARKscience

SPARKvue

ÂŽ

Software for interactive visualization and analysis What Teachers Can Do with SPARKvue A Give interactive lectures using live data and rich media A Hold collaborative reviews of students’ results and findings A Prompt student reflection with embedded questions A Assess student learning at any time in process A Select your own measurements and display data your way

What Students Can Do with SPARKvue A Make predictions before collecting data A Display the results of their tests A Graph their data A Analyze their data A Compare actual results with predicted results A Reflect on the unexpected A Save a snapshot of work A Journal

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Designed for Learning: Built-in Assessment and Journaling Snapshots help students capture the current state of their work including assessment questions and data analysis.

Students can add descriptions to their snapshots to illustrate their understanding and conclusions to their classmates and teacher.

Easily create bar graphs using sensor data or manually entered data..

Students can easily share their journals by saving locally, saving to a cloud-based file system, emailing, or printing them.

Students can quickly navigate through all of their journal pages and arrange them in the appropriate order.

Graphs with multiple y-axes allow students to explore higher-level relationships between different measurements.

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Integrated SPARKlabs guide students through the learning process.

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About SPARKscience

SPARKvue

®

Future-proof...supporting platforms of today and tomorrow

SPARKvue adapts to your technology. Chances are, you have a mix of technologies in your school. But there’s no need to worry. It’s the same award-winning experience of SPARKvue, whatever your environment! Interactive whiteboards, Windows computers, Mac computers, Netbooks, SPARK Science Learning System, and now for iPads® and Android™ tablets.

Coming soon in SPARKvue 2.0 SPARKvue continues to push the bar as the best sciencelearning environment available. With SPARKvue 2.0 users will have access to new SPARKlab capabilities including authoring tools and assessment options. Students will also be able to capture video synchronized with data collected from any connected sensor. SPARKvue 2.0 will enable support for wireless sensor connection (via Bluetooth) on desktops and laptops. And SPARKvue 2.0 will be a free update for all SPARKvue license holders.

To sign up for alerts on the latest SPARKvue features and releases, see pasco.com/alerts

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Whether you are using iPads® or Android™ tablets or wired or wireless computers, we’ve got you covered. If you have an iPad or Android tablet, a computer with a Bluetooth or USB connection, or any combination of these, SPARKvue is the one solution you need. Use SPARKvue and

connect your sensors with the new SPARKlink Air, PASPORT AirLink 2, SPARKlink, or USB Link. Then start collecting and analyzing data immediately… on your own platform!

SPARKvue for your iPad or Android tablet.

SPARKvue for your computer.

SPARKvue® HD

SPARKvue® Site License The new SPARKvue HD app brings realtime sensor data collection, visualization and analysis for inquiry-based science to your iPad or Android tablet.

PS-2400

Also available in Apple’s Volume Purchase Program.

Choose an interface SPARKlink® Air Available Spring 2013

Your SPARKvue license includes the more than 60 free guided inquiry SPARKlab activities, and authorizes you to run SPARKvue and the SPARKlab activities on any computer on your K-12 campus.

+

Choose an interface

PASPORT AirLink 2

Single sensor port for wireless Two sensor ports for connecting connection to your Bluetoothsensors to your computer and mobile devices. Supports both USB and enabled, iPad and Android tablet Bluetooth sensor connections–ideal with SPARKvue. for schools with computers, tablets, or a mixture of both. For more information on ordering these interfaces for your iPad or Android tablet see, pages 220-223.

SPARKlink®

+

Includes two sensor ports, Built-in Temperature and Voltage Sensors with Probes, USB connection, and rugged polycarbonate case.

USB Link

Single sensor port connection to your computer.

For more information on ordering these interfaces for your computer, see page 225.

Over 70 Sensors and Growing A All 70+ PASPORT sensors are rugged, long-lasting, and have strong connectors for student use. A PASCO makes 24 MultiMeasure sensors that combine two or more sensors in one box, such as our Voltage/Current Sensor, Weather/Anemometer Sensor, and Water Quality Sensor. A All are backed by our 5-year warranty. For our full list of sensors, go to page 178.

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About SPARKscience labs

SPARKlabs

®

Effective inquiry-based science learning, with over 60 FREE activities A central design theme of SPARKscience is the integration of the scientific process with the learning process, and SPARKlabs are the ultimate example of this integration. SPARKlabs are educator-designed interactive lab activities that guide students through the process of inquiry and investigation, promoting critical thinking and group discussion.

A Growing SPARKlab Collection See the SPARKlab Online Library for the latest offerings from PASCO and a growing set of publishers. pasco.com/sparklabs

Think of a SPARKlab as a modern, highly interactive lab notebook—fully contained on your computer or on a SPARK Science Learning System. Then add on “guide on the side” support embedded throughout the investigation process. Add completely seamless data collection and analysis tools. The result? Everything you need in one place to keep students focused on learning. Each SPARKlab includes: A background science content A setup guidance A seamless integration with data collection and analysis A embedded assessment and reflection prompts What’s more, you can even edit SPARKlabs or author your own using the SPARKlab authoring tools. Modify exactly to suit the needs of your state, district, or classroom.

Students mix three sets of chemicals in test tubes to observe the changes. The sensor measures the temperature change as students observe visual changes.

Sample SPARKlab Activity: Evidence of a Chemical Reaction How can students tell when a chemical reaction has taken place? In this Physical Science SPARKlab students will learn the basics of chemical reactions. Students will come to understand that unlike a physical change, a chemical reaction is one in which at least one new substance is formed. Visual evidence includes a precipitate forming, a gas being produced or absorbed or a change in color. A fourth indicator is a change in temperature. Using a Fast Response Temperature Probe students will measure temperature, create graphs and determine if the reaction is exothermic or endothermic. After this activity students will be able to distinguish between physical changes and chemical reactions, know the signs that a chemical reaction has taken place and be able to identify a reaction as endothermic or exothermic. This graph shows one strongly exothermic reaction, one weakly exothermic reaction, and one endothermic reaction.

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SPARKlabs incorporate background content, reflection prompts, and process support… everything in one place. Keep students focused on learning.

All background information, materials lists, safety notes and procedures are provided, keeping students in the flow of the lab, not flipping back and forth with paper reference materials.

Integrated data collection and analysis means that students immediately draw meaning from the measurements and connect them to the science concept being investigated.

Assessment throughout. Making predictions, sequencing challenges, free response and multiple choice questions are all used to keep students engaged — and to encourage reflection and retention.

Over 60 SPARKlabs… FREE!

We want you to see first-hand how effective the learning experience is with SPARKscience, so we include over 60 free SPARKlabs covering core K-12 science topics: A 10 for Elementary Science A 10 for Biology A 9 for Earth Science

A 12 for Middle School Science A 11 for Chemistry A 10 for Physics

These labs are included with every SPARK Science Learning System, SPARKvue or SPARKvue HD license. For a complete list of our FREE labs and our additional SPARKlab Collections, see pages 236-237 or go to our SPARKlab Online Library for the latest offerings from PASCO and a growing set of publishers. NEW SPARKlabs are available for purchase and download at the SPARKlab Library. For a complete list of all SPARKlabs, go to pasco.com/sparklabs

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About SPARKscience

All-In-One Hand-Held Solution A fully integrated SPARKscience solution The SPARK Science Learning System is a fully integrated SPARKscience solution, providing students a portable stand-alone hand-held device for anytime, anywhere science discovery. With rugged handles for passing back and forth and a large full-color touchscreen, the SPARK Science Learning System was specifically designed with collaborative learning in mind — the entire student lab group can actively participate in the learning process. A P owered by SPARKvue — shares the same user experience as students on computers or teacher at the electronic whiteboard. A P reloaded with over 60 SPARKlabs — interactive discovery-based lab activities A Includes 2 sensors (Fast Response Temperature and Voltage)

Built-in temperature and voltage probe ports

Photos of product are not actual size.

USB ports Two PASPORT Sensor Ports

Top view of SPARK Science Learning System

SPARK Science Learning System™

SPARK Charging Station

PS-2008A

PS-2570

Includes Fast Response Temperature Probe, Voltage Probe and more than 60 pre-installed, guided inquiry SPARKlabs.

Conveniently store and charge up to 10 SPARK Science Learning Systems with a single power source. SPARKs sold separately.

Optional: SPARKvue Site License PS-2400 (one per K-12 campus)

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Wireless Tablet-Based Solutions SPARKscience for iPad and Android Tablets Have tablets for your science program and just need to connect sensors? No problem. We have the simple answer. It’s the same solution for your iPad and Android tablets. Select our AirLink 2 or SPARKlink Air and connect any of more than 70 PASPORT Sensors to your existing tablets. Then add our SPARKvue HD app for iPad and select Android tablets. For computer-based solutions, supporting Mac, Windows and netbooks see page 225.

NEW! The SPARKlink Air

allows students and teachers to connect any of PASCO’s 70+ sensors to their device via USB or Bluetooth. This single device allows students to collect data both inside the classroom when using a desktop or laptop but also supports data collection on Bluetooth iOS and Android devices.

Features: A Fast Response Temperature and Voltage Sensors included A B luetooth support for connecting Mac, Windows, iOS, and Android devices A R echargeable battery that provides 4 to 6 hours of continuous data collection between charges. A M obile design allowing students to explore science inside and outside the classroom

SPARKlink® Air PS-2011

SPARKlink® Air Charging Station Available Spring 2013

Includes two sensor ports, Built-in Temperature and Voltage Sensors with probes, USB and Bluetooth connection, and rugged polycarbonate case.

PS-2577 Conveniently store and charge up to 5 SPARKlink Air interfaces with a single power source. SPARKlink Airs sold separately.

SPARKvue® HD The new SPARKvue HD app brings real-time sensor data collection, visualization and analysis for inquiry-based science to your iPad® or Android™ tablet.

Two sensor ports for connecting sensors to your computer and mobile devices via USB or Bluetooth make the SPARKlink Air ideal for schools with computers, tablets, or a mixture of both.

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About SPARKscience

Wonder... Soil Quality Magnetic Fields

Newton’s Second Law

Vapor Pressure

Sound Levels

Transpiration

Oxidation

Osmosis

Acid-Base Titrations

Kinematics

Optics

Ideal Gas Law

Intermolecular Forces

Science is about asking questions. PASCO provides the means to measure – almost anything – to help students discover the science with their own real-world, real-time data. We currently offer over 70 PASPORT Sensors to help students begin the process of constructing knowledge.

Water Quality Friction

Conservation of Momentum

Electricity

Absolute Zero Respiration

See a list of our sensors on page 178

Microclimates Blood Pressure

Greenhouse Effect

Metabolism

Acid Rain

Conservation of Energy

Force & Motion Light Intensity Phase Changes Ohm’s Law

Photosynthesis Rate of Reaction

Atmospheric Pressure

Weather Patterns Projectile Motion

Spectroscopy

Solar Energy

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Then Measure

Modern Measuring Technology with PASPORT Sensors A PASPORT Sensors combine advanced technology with simple plug-and-play usability‌ the best of both worlds! A PASPORT Sensors do things other sensors cannot do. For example, we have a line of MultiMeasure Sensors, each of which includes several individual sensors designed into one compact device. You can save money while giving your students real measuring convenience. And you can save management time with fewer sensors to inventory! A PASPORT Sensors are rugged and reliable and can be used with confidence. We stand behind our sensors with a full five-year warranty. Go to our Products pages, which start on page 178, and see a list of all our sensors and supporting equipment.

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Biology

PASCO’s 21st Century Solutions for Biology Quantifying biological processes can be challenging, but with PASCO’s sensors and SPARKvue software, it’s easy to collect reliable data. And using PASCO for Biology makes it easy to study topics such as photosynthesis, cellular respiration, enzymatic reactions, diffusion and osmosis, human physiology, and more! In the following Biology section, you will find instructional resources, plus a wealth of inquiry-based, hands-on activities and classroom applications.

Index to Biology Solutions SPARKlabs for Biology ............................................ 18 Sensor Bundle for Biology SPARKlabs .................... 19 AP* and Advanced Biology through Inquiry Teacher Guide .............................................20 Advanced Biology Sensor Bundles ........................21 Biology through Inquiry Teacher Guide ...................22 General Biology Sensor Bundles ...........................23 Biology Products and Classroom Applications ..........................................24 PASCO Biology Solutions Ordering Guide .............38

* AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

World Class Support & Professional Development Committed to Your Success

We want to provide you with all the support, guidance, and training you need. Just let us know how we can help. For more details see pages 240-243.

CONTACT US TODAY www.pasco.com

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PASCO.COM K SEE BIOLOGY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 38-39


Four sensors for Biology you can’t do without! pH Sensor

Oxygen Gas Sensor

PS-2102

PS-2126A

(page 202) Includes pH electrode. This sensor measures the pH of a solution as a discrete measurement or as a continuous reading. Use the probe to study water quality, diffusion, or perform high-resolution acidbase titrations with ease.

Perform these labs with the pH Sensor: A

Acid Rain

A

Membrane Permeability

A

Organisms & pH

A

The Role of Buffers

A

Soil pH

Quickly distinguish acids from bases

A

Cellular Respiration

A

Enzyme Action

A

Fermentation in Yeast

A

Interrelationship of Plants & Animals

Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor

PS-2113A

This highly sensitive sensor detects very small changes in pressure. Set up a potometer to study transpiration, or use the sensor to measure pressure changes in a model cell undergoing osmosis.

Use the Oxygen Gas Sensor for any experiment requiring the measurement of oxygen levels, such as the study of photosynthesis, animal and insect respiration, and gas production during chemical reactions. Combine with our Ethanol Sensor to monitor fermentation, or with an EcoZone to monitor conditions within a terrarium.

Perform these labs with the Oxygen Gas Sensor:

Include the Oxygen Gas Sensor with the Ethanol Sensor to fully investigate fermentation.

Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor (page 31) Includes quick-connect fittings and tubing (for low-pressure experiments).

(page 29) Includes integrated rubber stopper, and 250-mL sampling bottle with cap.

Perform these labs with the Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor: A

Osmosis

A

Transpiration

PS-2110 (page 29) Includes Sensor Extension Cable and 250-ml sampling bottle with cap. Measure the concentration of CO2 gas in a closed system or in the environment. Study many topics with this versatile probe, such as CO2 uptake during photosynthesis, respiration, indoor vs. outdoor CO2 levels, or air quality and CO2 output of combustion engines.

Perform these labs with the Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor: A

Cellular Respiration

A

Fermentation

A

Metabolism of Yeast

A

Plant Respiration & Photosynthesis

A

Respiration of Germinating Seeds

A

Decomposition

Check barometric pressure.. Include the O2 Gas and Metabolism Chamber to illuminate the process of cellular respiration.

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abs

labs

Biology

abs

abs

abs

labs

labs

SPARKlabs for Biology: fully electronic, inquiry-based lab activities For iPad, Android tablet, computer, or SPARK Science Learning System

SPARKlabs are educator-designed interactive lab labs activities that guide students through the process of inquiry and investigation, promoting critical thinking and group discussion. Think oflabs a SPARKlab as a modern, highly interactive lab notebook that is fully contained on your iPad, Android tablet, computer, or on the SPARK Science Learning System. Then add “guide on the side” support embedded throughout the investigation process. Add completely seamless data collection and analysis tools. The result is everything you need on one platform to keep students focused on learning. A central theme of SPARKscience is the integration of the scientific process with the learning process. Each SPARKlab includes: A background science content A setup guidance A seamless integration with data collection and analysis A embedded reflection and assessment prompts A student journals Over 60 labs (including ten for biology) come free with SPARKvue software or on the SPARK Science Learning System. And the SPARKlab library continues to grow, with additional labs available for purchase and download.

The SPARKlab Library Includes 10 FREE Biology SPARKlabs! Acid Rain (pH Sensor)

Students investigate chemical reactions that are important in the formation of acid rain.

The Role of Buffers (pH Sensor) Use a pH sensor to determine which solution is the best buffer. Explore buffers’ importance to living organisms.

Membrane Permeability

Enzyme Action (Oxygen Gas Sensor) Guide students to understand that optimal environmental conditions, such as temperature, play a key role in enzyme function.

Organisms & pH (pH Sensor) Determine how effective various substances are at buffering large changes in pH.

Plant Respiration & Photosynthesis (Carbon

(pH Sensor) This activity gives students an understanding of semi-permeable membranes. Investigate which molecules diffuse.

Dioxide Gas Sensor) Compare concentrations of CO 2 gas to understand photosynthesis respiration.

Respiration of Germinating Seeds (Carbon Dioxide Gas

Osmosis (Barometer/Low

Exploring Microclimates

Transpiration (Barometer/ Low Pressure Sensor) Students explore the effects of environmental factors such as air movement on the rate of transpiration.

Sensor) Study CO2 gas production for dry, dormant seeds; for wet, germinating seeds at room temperature; and for cold, wet germinating seeds.

(Fast Response Temperature Probe) Students explore local microclimates by measuring weather data around the school.

Pressure Sensor) Explore the concept of cell membranes and how water passes through the membrane during the process of osmosis.

For a complete list of all SPARKlabs go to pasco.com/sparklabs

SPARKlabs for Biology NEW SPARKlabs are available for purchase and download at the SPARKlab Library. For a complete list of all SPARKlabs, go to

pasco.com/sparklabs

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Heart Rate

Fermentation in Yeast

Diffusion

Students study their heart rate and observe how physical activity increases their cardiac output.

Students study yeast metabolism in a closed environment.

Students measure diffusion and osmosis through semipermeable membranes.

(Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor)

(Oxygen Gas & Ethanol Sensors) PS-2076

PS-2075

PASCO.COM K SEE BIOLOGY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 38-39

(Water Quality & Colorimeter Sensors)

PS-2077


Inside a SPARKlab

s

s

s

labs

SPARKlab Activity: Respiration of Germinating Seeds

Investigate germination and its effect on cellular labs respiration simply and directly. In this Biology SPARKlab students will explore differences in the rate of cellular respiration by creating graphs in real time and comparing the rates of carbon dioxide production of: A

Dry, dormant seeds

A

Wet, germinating seeds at room temperature labs Wet, icy-cold germinating seeds

A

Cellular respiration is traditionally explored with time-consuming apparatus like a respirometer. With the Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor, students observe cell respiration directly and get results in minutes.

Using a Carbon Dioxide Sensor makes this a fast and easy process, leaving more time for discussion. You can talk about the process of germination and how it changes the seeds’ demands for energy, as well as how temperature affects the rate of all biological processes, including cellular respiration.

The production of carbon dioxide gas by germinating pea seeds

The SPARKlab Sensor Bundle The sensors you need to perform the ten FREE Biology SPARKlabs and more. Biology Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2920 1. 2. 3. 4.

Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor PS-2110 (page 29) Oxygen Gas Sensor PS-2126A (page 29) Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor PS-2113A (page 31) pH Sensor PS-2102 (page 202)

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See pages 38-39 for the complete Biology solution ordering guide.

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Advanced Biology

Advanced Biology through Inquiry Teacher Guide Lab activities and guide designed for teacher and student success A 21 labs built around the new College Board AP* Biology curriculum framework A The collection hits each enduring understanding and targets learning objectives and science practices. A Makes inquiry achievable! Labs can be completed in 45-minute blocks with readily available materials. A Flexible format provides teachers and students with guided inquiry opportunities and scaffolding to successfully move students toward experiments of their own design. A Easy and meaningful data collection leads to increased time for data analysis and open inquiry. Labs integrate high-order analysis questions and synthesis questions. A It supports use of the SPARKvue and SPARKvue HD, the SPARK Science Learning System, and Xplorer GLX. A Teacher Guide includes sample data for initial investigations as well as a number of inquiry possibilities, answers to analysis and synthesis questions, a rubric for assessing student inquiry, teacher tips and lab preparation information, and more.

Perform these 21 challenging AP* and Advanced Biology through Inquiry labs using the Teacher Guide and these sensors‌ CO2 or O2 Gas Sensors Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis

Microscope** Cell Division: Mitosis and Meiosis Plasmolysis

CO2 Gas Sensor + Temperature Sensor Energy Dynamics

O2 Gas or Pressure Enzyme Activity

Colorimeter** Osmosis

O2 Gas + Ethanol Sensor Ethanol Fermentation in Yeast

Electrophoresis Kit** Genetically Inherited Disease Detection: Sickle Cell Anemia Mitochondrial Genetics

pH or Conductivity Sensor Artificial Selection Diffusion

Spectrometer (Amadeus or Red Tide)** Plant Pigments Weather Sensor Transpiration No Sensor Used Bacterial Transformation Bioinformatics using BLAST Fruit Fly Behavior Mathematical Modeling: Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Population Genetics

Quad Temp Sensor Cell Size Homeostasis

* AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product. **Not in the Advanced Biology Sensor Bundle; see pages 38-39 for ordering information.

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PASCO.COM K SEE BIOLOGY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 38-39


Advanced Biology Sensor Bundle

The equipment you need to teach AP* and Advanced Biology through Inquiry labs Advanced Biology Standard Sensor Bundle PS-2851 1. Colorimeter PS-2121 2. Oxygen Gas Sensor PS-2126A 3. Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor PS-2110 4. Ethanol Sensor PS-2194 5. Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor PS-2113A 6. Conductivity Sensor PS-2116A 7. Weather Sensor PS-2154A 8. pH Sensor PS-2102 9. Quad Temperature Sensor PS-2143 10. EcoChamber ME-6667 11. Metabolism Chamber ME-6936

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Advanced Biology through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2852 Includes a printed manual and flash drive. Manual contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips, a PDF of the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts. Available Spring 2013

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Also Available: Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2853 (Contains all materials from the teacher guide and teacher tips in electronic format only) Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2854 (A printed version of the same student handouts that are included electronically with both the Teacher Guide and Teacher Guide Flash Drive only)

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General Biology

Biology through Inquiry Teacher Guide Lab activities and guide designed for teacher and student success A This standards-based, STEM-focused guide is designed by educators for both new and experienced teachers alike. A Core topic areas include cell biology, ecology, and physiology. A The lab activities engage students as they make predictions, collect real-time data, use critical thinking skills to solve sequencing challenges, and answer questions embedded throughout each activity. A Activities also help students build vocabulary skills with key term challenges. A Multiple-choice questions give students practice for standardized exams. A The guide includes assessment, as well as a flash drive with teacher tips, the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts. A I t supports use of SPARKvue and SPARKvue HD, the SPARK Science Learning System, and Xplorer GLX.

Perform these

26 challenging Biology labs with the Teacher Guide and these sensors‌

Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor Metabolism of Yeast L Plant Respiration & Photosynthesis Respiration of Germinating Seeds

Water Quality Sensor Water & pH L Water Purification L Dissolved Oxygen Sensor + Fast Response Temperature Probe

Oxygen Gas Sensor Enzyme Action

Cellular Respiration in Yeast L

Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor Osmosis Transpiration pH Sensor Acid Rain Membrane Permeability Organisms & pH The Role of Buffers in Biological Systems Soil pH L Fast Response Temperature Probe Regulation of Body Heat L

Dissolved Oxygen Sensor + Fast Response Temperature Sensor Rate of Photosynthesis for an Aquatic Plant L EKG Sensor EKG & Factors That Affect the Heart R Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor

Temperature Sensor Energy Content of Food L

Exercise & Heart Rate R

Exploring Microclimates Through Temperature L

Breath Rate Sensor Exercise & Respiration Rate R

Weather/Anemometer Sensor or Weather Sensor Exploring Microclimates Weather in a Terrarium L

Force Sensor Muscle Fatigue R

Weather/Anemometer Sensor + GPS Position Sensor + My World GIS Exploring Microclimates with a GPS

Spirometer Volume of Breath R L Lab activities with the color square

require the Standard Sensor Bundle.

R Labs with the color diamond require the Extension Bundle for Physiology.

All other activities can be done with either the Starter or Standard bundle.

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PASCO.COM K SEE BIOLOGY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 38-39


Biology Sensor Bundles

The equipment you need to teach Biology through Inquiry Teacher Guide Labs Biology Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2920 1. 2. 3. 4.

Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor PS-2110 (page 24) Oxygen Gas Sensor PS-2126A (page 24) Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor PS-2113A (page 24) pH Sensor PS-2102 (page 24)

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2

1

4

Biology Standard Sensor Bundle (Includes all Starter Bundle sensors) PS-2925 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor PS-2110 (page 29) Oxygen Gas Sensor PS-2126A (page 29) Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor PS-2113A (page 31) Water Quality Sensor PS-2169 (page 33) Weather Anemometer PS-2174 (page 63) Photosynthesis Tank PS-2521A (page 33)

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Extension Bundle for Physiology PS-2935 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Breath Rate Sensor PS-2187 (page 36) Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor PS-2186 page 24) EKG Sensor PS-2111 (page 24) Spirometer PS-2152 (page 36) Spirometer Mouth Pieces PS-2522 (page 36) Force Sensor PS-2104 (page 97) (10 pk)

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Biology through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2870B Includes a printed manual and flash drive. Manual contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips, a PDF of the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts.

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Also Available: Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2880A (Contains all materials from the teacher guide and teacher tips in electronic format only.) Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2890A (A printed version of the same student handouts that are included electronically with both the Teacher Guide and Teacher Guide Flash Drive only)

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23


Biology

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications Create and monitor your own ecosystems The PASCO EcoZone™ System consists of three chambers that can be interconnected or used independently. Because the system remains closed and is designed to accommodate PASPORT sensors, students will collect accurate data with minimal impact on the ecosystem. A basic lab activity uses two of the chambers separately to measure O2 and CO2 levels, one chamber containing plants and one containing plants and crickets. See how the presence of animals affects the concentration of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the system.

Model large-scale changes occurring in real-world ecosystems. The EcoZone System is designed specifically to support sensor-based measurements while maintaining a closed environment.

Use the traditional terrestrial, aquatic, and decomposition arrangement to create your unique biome space and collect the data you want. The openings within the chambers allow air to circulate between the chambers, and the included cord efficiently wicks water and ions between the chambers. A C onnect three different environments together (terrestrial, aquatic, and decomposition) and observe their interaction. A A dd animals to an environment and measure the effect of respiration.

Isolate ecosystems for comparison studies. Here the impact of animals on carbon dioxide production is explored with two separate ecosystems – one with crickets, one without.

Students observe the photosynthesis cycle and its effect on carbon dioxide, plus the contribution of the crickets’ higher carbon dioxide production (through respiration).

EcoZone™ System ME-6668 Includes 3 EcoChambers, tray, rubber stoppers, syringe, plastic tubing and wicking cord.

Create stand-alone environments or interconnected environments. Here, this single EcoChamber is monitored by the Dual Humidity and Soil Moisture Sensors.

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PASCO.COM K SEE BIOLOGY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 38-39


Explore surface-area-to-volume ratios An elegant demonstration made possible by use of the Quad Temperature Sensor. Students place various fruits in an ice bath and observe their cooling rates. In this activity the fruits serve as models for cells with the different sizes of fruit representing different surface-area-to-volume ratios. After collecting temperature data, students will discern the importance of cells having the correct size and shape.

Quad Temperature Sensor PS-2143 Includes 2 Stainless Steel Temperature Probes, 3 Fast Response Temperature Probes, and adhesive disks.

Also Available: Temperature Array (8) PS-2157 See www.pasco.com for details on this product. Using the fruit as a model for the cell, students learn that smaller fruits have a more beneficial surface-area-to-volume ratio.

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25


Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Biology

New! SPARK and SPARKvue now support digital microscopes SPARKvue’s new digital imaging capabilities support a wide variety of USB imaging devices, including most modern digital microscopes and webcams. Don’t have a computer? No problem—use the SPARK Science Learning System and get all the advantages of digital microscopy. No need for your students to learn a new software just for microscopy— collect sensor data and capture and analyze images all in your SPARKvue software. Make measurements right on the screen. Use digital zoom for even more magnification. Add labels using the text tool. Annotate, highlight, and more!

The kena Digital Microscope connects directly to a SPARK or your own computer for a very portable and durable digital microscopy solution.

Use SPARKvue software to capture images and add drawing and text annotations.

kena® Digital Microscope SE-7236 Includes a removable camera/magnification head, touch tube (for placing the microscope flush against specimens), sturdy metal base, and convenient carry/storage bag. Magnification: 20x, 40x, 100x.

Obelia are aquatic invertebrate animals that belong to the same phylum as jellyfish. Under the kena Digital Microscope you can easily see its anatomical parts.

For use with SPARKvue: Requires a SPARK Science Learning System or a USB port on a computer (Mac or Windows) with SPARKvue version 1.3 or later.

Use in the lab or – with the removable camera head – take it to the field.

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PASCO.COM K SEE BIOLOGY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 38-39


This ken-a-vision® Digital Monocular Comprehensive Scope 2 connects directly to a SPARK or your computer running SPARKvue.

Combine powerful digital tools with traditional microscopy The Comprehensive Scope 2 offers a more powerful alternative for biology classrooms. This microscope features a mechanical stage, 3.2 megapixel camera, battery-powered lamp, and 40x, 100x, 400x, and 1000x magnification. Here’s a cost-effective and easy-to-use solution that lets you combine digital tools and traditional microscopy skills to enhance student learning and achievement.

ken-a-vision® Digital Monocular Comprehensive Scope 2 SE-7246 Includes 10x eyepiece; 4x, 10x, 40x, and 100x objectives lenses (the 40x and 100x objectives are spring-loaded to avoid crushing slides and damaging optics); USB cable; calibration slide; and charger.

Use SPARKvue software to capture images and add drawing and text annotations. With a quick calibration SPARKvue software can make onscreen measurements, making the microscope meaningful for students.

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For use with SPARKvue: Requires a SPARK Science Learning System or a USB port on a computer (Mac or Windows) with SPARKvue version 1.3 or later.

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27


Biology

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications EcoChamber ME-6667

Includes EcoChamber tank with lid, 7 stoppers of various sizes, 5 probe stoppers, syringe and plastic tubing with connector.

The EcoChamber and sensors give a direct method to measure yeast activity.

Directly measure the activity of yeast during anaerobic respiration. Why rely on indirect indications of yeast activity during fermentation? PASCO offers a better way. The EcoChamber provides a closed system that is both durable and transparent and allows students to use Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide and Ethanol Sensors for a complete picture of what is going on during anaerobic respiration. Challenge students to explain the changes in concentration of each gas as the activity progresses, including the point at which the yeast predominantly changes from aerobic to anaerobic respiration.

The sturdy design of PASCO’s EcoChamber makes it a versatile, easy-to-use, easy-to-clean science learning tool. It is an acrylic chamber specially designed to accommodate up to three PASCO sensors so that students can model and understand the workings of an ecosystem. In addition to being used as a fermentation chamber, it can serve as a: A

Model ecosystem in photosynthesis and respiration experiments.

A

Temperature regulation chamber that facilitates studies of endothermic and ectothermic animals.

Ethanol Sensor $164 PS-2194

Includes PTFE tape for membrane replacement.

By monitoring the rate of oxygen consumption, students observe the yeast’s shift from aerobic respiration to anaerobic respiration.

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PASCO.COM K SEE BIOLOGY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 38-39


Get the full picture of cellular respiration. Because of their small size and increased energy needs, germinating peas are ideal to use to study metabolism and cellular respiration. To give a full representation of the activity of the peas, both a Carbon Dioxide Sensor as well as an Oxygen Gas Sensor will be used. The resulting graphs will be analyzed by students who can then explain the changes in the concentrations of each gas.

The study of cellular respiration becomes richer when students directly measure both carbon dioxide gas and oxygen gas data and see the relationship graphed in real time.

PASPORT gas sensors

Students analyze oxygen gas consumption and carbon dioxide gas production of the pea seeds.

The Carbon Dioxide Sensor and Oxygen Gas Sensor are also ideal for photosynthesis experiments, chemical reaction studies, and much more. Both provide high resolution and accuracy and are simple to use, not only with the Metabolism Chamber, but also with the EcoZone™ System or with any piece of glassware in your classroom.

Metabolism Chamber

Oxygen Gas Sensor

Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor

ME-6936

PS-2126A

PS-2110

Includes 250-mL sampling bottle with cap.

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Includes integrated rubber stopper and 250-mL sampling bottle with cap.

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Includes Sensor Extension Cable and 250-mL sampling bottle with cap.

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29


Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Biology

Measure diffusion and osmosis directly! While every biology student has seen a U-shaped tube with a permeable membrane separating a hypotonic and hypertonic solution, few have actually used this simple and elegant design for lab work. The Diffusion/Osmosis Kit contains the apparatus and a Dual Pressure Sensor that allow students to explore the rate of water movement. Students can quantify pressure changes accurately and easily compare solute concentration at the end of the experiment. FEATURES A Graduated transparent columns Students can observe water moving from the hypotonic (water) side to the hypertonic (sucrose) side, across the membrane, down its concentration gradient.

Diffusion/Osmosis Kit

A Air-tight joints prevent pressure leaks A Free-standing unit requires no additional lab equipment to hold it in place A Plastic rather than glass columns improve durability and student safety

ME-6942 Includes Diffusion/Osmosis Apparatus (20 membranes and mounting stud), Dual Pressure Sensor PS-2181, tubing and connectors.

The graph shows the pressure changes that occurred in the hypotonic and hypertonic chambers over 24 hours.

Also Available: Diffusion/Osmosis Apparatus (no sensor) ME-6940 Replacement Membranes (20-pack) ME-6941

HOW IT WORKS: The U-shaped tube of the Diffusion/ Osmosis Apparatus consists of two separate columns connected by a semi-permeable dialysis membrane. Osmotic movement of water across the membrane causes measurable changes in pressure and volume. The pre-cut, semi-permeable dialysis membrane separates the apparatus into two chambers.

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The apparatus is modeled after this classic and recognizable image.

PASCO.COM K SEE BIOLOGY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 38-39


Using a plastic bag with water mimics a tropical environment in which a plant would experience less transpiration.

Using a fan mimics a windy environment in which a plant would experience increased transpiration.

Students investigate transpiration using a very sensitive potometer that incorporates the PASPORT Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor.

Transpiration done simply and accurately Set up a potometer using the Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor to measure those very small changes in pressure that indicate transpiration is taking place.

By varying factors on the plant such as the presence of wind or humidity, students can see what effect environmental influences have on the rate of transpiration. The sensitivity of the barometer makes this a great solution for any biology classroom.

Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor PS-2113A Includes quick-connect fittings and tubing (for low-pressure experiments).

From the graph, students discover that wind increases the rate of transpiration and humidity decreases the rate of transpiration.

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31


Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Biology

Osmosis In this lab from PASCO’s Advanced Biology Through Inquiry manual, students build a model red blood cell and investigate the claim that in World War II soldiers used coconut water as a substitute for saline solution during transfusions. Through this challenge, students build an understanding of water potential.

Using the Colorimeter, students will compare the osmotic potential of the following extracellular solutions in relation to their model red blood cell. A Coconut water A 2% salt solution A Distilled water

Colorimeter PS-2121 Includes cuvettes (5), plastic storage case, cuvette labeling stickers, and Sensor Extension Cable.

Measure osmosis of a model cell using the colorimeter and conductivity sensor. Students can observe multiple solutes movement instead of inferring through changes in mass.

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A quantitative approach to photosynthesis experiments With the Photosynthesis Tank, students can measure the dissolved oxygen content in the environment of an aquatic plant, thereby directly measuring its photosynthetic activity. Water in the outer tank is used to control large fluctuations in temperature when the light is used. And the PASPORT Water Quality Sensor (or Dissolved Oxygen Sensor) measures the concentration directly and provides quantitative results without the need for inferred measurements or messy chemical indicators. No more “what you should have seen is...” Turning the light on and off creates an easily analyzed graph in real-time, showing the relationship between light and the rate of oxygen production. Students can further their understanding of photosynthetic rates by adding dyes as colored filters. Complete your set of equipment for this activity with the Magnetic Stirrer.

The Photosynthesis Tank has two concentric Plexiglas® chambers. This unique design allows students to control the environment without interfering with the measurements.

Aquatic Productivity Bottles ME-6937

Dissolved oxygen concentration of the water is used to measure the plant’s photosynthetic activity. It increases when light is shined on the plant and begins to decrease when the light is turned off.

Includes plastic bottles w/lids (5) and case with slotted lid.

To measure dissolved oxygen, one of the following is required: Water Quality Sensor PS-2169 (measures dissolved oxygen, conductivity, pH and temperature)

Dissolved Oxygen Sensor PS-2108

Water Quality Sensor

Magnetic Stirrer

Photosynthesis Tank

SE-7700

PS-2521A

PS-2169

Includes large #14 Stopper with sensor ports, and two small #3 Stoppers

Includes Dissolved Oxygen Probe, Conductivity Probe, pH Probe and Stainless Steel Temperature Probe.

Includes stir bar, removable rod, and power adapter.

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33


Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Biology

Dependable biotechnology for your classroom Sickle Cell Gene Detection Kit Sickle Cell Anemia is a common genetic disease that causes long rods in red blood cells, giving them a sickle shape These cells get stuck in small capillaries of the blood stream, leading to oxygen deprivation that causes pain and organ damage. Sickle Cell Anemia is caused by a single point mutation in the hemoglobin gene that results in a faulty protein. In this experiment, your students will investigate the restriction enzyme that discriminates between HbA (normal) and HbS (disease) genes and perform a simulated test on a patient. KIT INCLUDES: Instructions with student lab activity, Ready-to-Load™ QuickStrip™ DNA samples, UltraSpec-Agarose™ powder, practice gel loading solution, electrophoresis buffer, InstaStain® Blue and FlashBlue™ stain, calibrated pipet, and microtipped transfer pipettes.

WHAT YOU NEED: Electrophoresis apparatus, power supply, micropipet and tips, balance, microwave or hot plate, visualization system (optional).

Sickle Cell Gene Detection Kit

Mitochondrial Genetics Kit Diseases caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA exhibit non-mendelian patterns of inheritance. In this activity students are faced with two patients who exhibit MELAS (Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes) type symptoms and must examine their family history and mitochondrial DNA samples to improve the diagnosis. Synthetic pre-digested DNA is included, so students can focus on analysis in this activity. KIT INCLUDES: Instructions with student lab activity, QuickStrip™ DNA samples (6 strips) containing standard DNA marker (40µL) and DNA samples (40µL each), UltraSpec-Agarose™ powder (3.0 g), Electrophoresis Buffer 50x (60mL), InstaStain™ Blue Card (6), Graduated Transfer Pipet (1), Transfer Pipet (10).

WHAT YOU NEED: Electrophoresis apparatus, power supply, balance, micropipet and tips, microwave or hotplate, visualization system (optional).

Mitochondrial Genetics Kit BP-6946 Developed in partnership with

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BP-6947

Transformation of E. coli with Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) Kit Transformed cells take up a plasmid containing the GFP gene. The GFP gene was isolated from the jellyfish Aequorea victoria. Transformed colonies expressing the GFP protein are visibly green in normal light, but will fluoresce brightly when exposed to long wave UV light. KIT INCLUDES: Instructions with student lab activity, plasmid DNA, IPTG, BactoBeads™, ampicillin, transformation solution, ReadyPour™ agar, Luria broth, petri dishes, sterile pipettes, loops, and microtubes.

WHAT YOU NEED: Waterbath, 37°C incubation oven, microwave or hot plate, long wave UV lamp.

Transformation of E. coli with GFP Kit BP-6948

PASCO.COM K SEE BIOLOGY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 38-39


Bring Biotech into your classroom The Electrophoresis Classroom Set includes everything you need for six lab groups to conduct the mitochondrial genetics lab. Practice pipetting using the DuraGel, measuring gels with the MtDNA GelSizer before using valuable consumables in the lab. Get fast results for two groups using the Dual Electrophoresis Apparatus by running two 7x7 gels simultaneously. Order the Mitochondrial Genetics Kit separately. Each kit supports six lab groups.

Electrophoresis Classroom Set SE-7239 Includes: SE-7240 M12 Dual Electrophoresis Apparatus (3) SE-7241 EVT 300 Dual Power Supply (2) SE-7242 Variable Micropipet (3) SE-7243 Yellow Micropipet Tips (2 racks of 96) SE-7245 PASCO MtDNA GelSizer image SE-7244 DuraGel Limited distribution in Western Europe and Australia. See pasco.com/edvotek for details. M12 Dual Electrophoresis Apparatus (SE-7240)

EVT 300 Dual Power Supply (SE-7241)

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Dual Electrophoresis Apparatus Accessories

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Variable Micropipet (SE-7242)

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Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Biology

Test your lung power and learn about the respiratory system With the Spirometer Sensor students can collect accurate airflow data from a pulmonary function test and create graphs to measure airflow, pressure, duration, and lung volume. The mouth piece and sensor are designed for safely and accurately measuring both airflow out (expiration) and airflow in (inspiration). Compare airflow before and after exercise or even determine total lung capacity.

A student uses the spirometer to measure his lung volume. He observes the difference in the volume of his lungs when breathing normally vs. forced breathing.

Spirometer PS-2152 Includes 2 disposable mouth pieces

The volume of the lungs increases when inhaling air into the lungs.

Also Available: Replacement Mouth Pieces (10) PS-2522

How is breath rate affected by exercise? The Breath Rate Sensor measures breathing rate before, during, and after exercise. The sensor detects each breath by monitoring the air pressure in a mask worn by the student, calculating breath rate by measuring the time between exhalations. The Breath Rate Sensor has two modes: A One reading for every breath A Running average over the last four breaths

With the Breath Rate Sensor, students who study breath rate can use a totally reliable method, instead of simply counting the number of breaths per minute.

Breath Rate Sensor PS-2187

Includes 10 masks and 10 clips A graph showing a student’s breath rate before, during, and after exercise.

Also Available: Replacement Masks (10 pack) PS-2567 Replacement Clips (10 pack) PS-2568

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How does body position affect heart rate? Measure heart rate without the restriction of belts or clips To measure heart rate at rest or during exercise, simply grab the handles and the Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor will measure the number of times your cardiac muscle contracts per minute. Perfect for comparing heart rate before and after exercise. In this activity students will monitor their heart rate as they change body positions with a rest between and analyze the results graphically.

Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor

Students discover that the heart works harder in sitting and standing positions, and they may recognize that the heart has to overcome gravity.

PS-2186

Includes 2 hand-grip paddles.

Moving beyond simply measuring blood pressure Give students a true understanding PASCO’s Blood Pressure Sensor allows students to quickly and easily measure both systolic and diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) as well as heart rate (bpm). Comparing the digits display for systolic and diastolic pressure with the display of blood pressure from the real-time graph moves blood pressure from a simple measurement to a way to help students truly understand the complex physiology of the circulatory system. Blood Pressure Sensor

PS-2207 (Standard Cuff, 19.0-27.2 cm) PS-2208 (Small Cuff, 26.1-40.9 cm) PS-2209 (Large Cuff, 34.3-50.9 cm)

Not only can students quickly measure systolic and diastolic pressure, but they learn the actual concepts behind blood pressure.

A clear and easy way to observe heart rate plus systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

All models include a sensor and an arm cuff with inflation bulb. Most students use standard sized cuff.

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37


abs

Biology labs

Solutions Ordering Guide

labs

1 Choose your content.

abs

labs

n 3 10 FREE SPARKlabs (page 18) m Heart Rate PS-2075 m Fermentation in Yeast PS-2076 m Diffusion PS-2077

Also Available:

abs

labs

SPARKlabs are available for purchase at the SPARKlab Online Library: pasco.com/sparklabs Available Spring 2013

n Biology through Inquiry Teacher Guide

n Advanced Biology through Inquiry

Also Available: m Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2880A m Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2890A

Also Available: m Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2886B m Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2896B

Teacher Guide PS-2876C (page 20)

PS-2870B (page 22)

abs

labs

2 Add sensor bundles or individual sensors. n Biology Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2920 1. 2. 3. 4.

Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor PS-2110 Oxygen Gas Sensor PS-2126A Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor PS-2113A pH Sensor PS-2102

See Teacher Guide lab list page 22 1

and SPARKlabs list page 18

3

2

4

n Biology Standard Sensor Bundle PS-2925 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor PS-2110 Oxygen Gas Sensor PS-2126A Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor PS-2113A Water Quality Sensor PS-2169 Weather Anemometer PS-2174 Photosynthesis Tank PS-2521A

See Teacher Guide lab list page 22

1

and SPARKlabs list page 18

2

3

4

6

5

n Extension Bundle for Physiology PS-2935 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Breath Rate Sensor PS-2187 Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor PS-2186 EKG Sensor PS-2111 Spirometer PS-2152 Spirometer Mouth Pieces PS-2522 Force Sensor PS-2104

See Teacher Guide lab list page 22

2

1

and SPARKlabs list page 18

3

5

4

6

n Advanced Biology Standard Sensor Bundle PS-2851 1. Colorimeter PS-2121 2. Oxygen Gas Sensor PS-2126A 3. Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor PS-2110 4. Ethanol Sensor PS-2194 5. Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor PS-2113A 6. Conductivity Sensor PS-2116A

7. Weather Sensor PS-2154A 8. pH Sensor PS-2102 9. Quad Temperature Sensor PS-2143 10. EcoChamber ME-6667 11. Metabolism Chamber ME-6936

1

2

3

4

5

See Teacher Guide lab list page 20 and SPARKlabs list page 18

Individual Sensors

n Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor (page 31) PS-2113A n Blood Pressure Sensor/Standard Cuff (page 36) PS-2207 n Blood Pressure Sensor/Small Cuff (page 36) PS-2208 n Blood Pressure Sensor/Large Cuff (page 36) PS-2209 n Breath Rate Sensor (page 36) PS-2187 n Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor (page 29) PS-2110 n Colorimeter (page 32) PS-2121 n Conductivity Sensor (page 186) PS-2116A n Dissolved Oxygen Sensor (page 187) PS-2108 n EKG Sensor (page 188) PS-2111 n Ethanol Sensor (page 188) PS-2194

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6

7

8

9

10

n Fast Response Temperature Probes (3) (page 213) PS-2135 n Force Sensor (page 190) PS-2104 n Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor (page 37) PS-2186 n Oxygen Gas Sensor (page 29) PS-2126A n pH Sensor (page 202) PS-2102 n Quad Temperature Sensor (page 25) PS-2143 n Spirometer (page 36) PS-2152 n Stainless Steel Temperature Probe (page 213) PS-2153 n Temperature Sensor (page 212) PS-2125 n Water Quality Sensor (page 33) PS-2169 n Weather/Anemometer (page 218) PS-2174 n Weather Sensor (page 218) PS-2154A

PASCO.COM

11


3 Select your data collection system. Use with your computer.

Use as a standalone or with your computer. Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

n SPARK Science Learning System™

Use with your iPad or Android tablet. Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

n SPARKvue® Site License

PS-2008A

+

n SPARKvue HD for iPad

PS-2400

n SPARKlink®

or n SPARKvue HD for Tablet

PS-2009

+

add a Bluetooth interface

n AirLink 2 PS-2010

or

Available Spring 2013

n SPARKlink Air PS-2011

4 Select additional items. n Amadeus Spectrometer System (page 211) SE-7183 n Aquatic Productivity Bottles (page 33) ME-6937 n Breath Rate Sensor Replacement Clips (page 36) PS-2568 n Breath Rate Sensor Replacement Masks (page 36) PS-2567 n Diffusion/Osmosis Kit (page 30) ME-6942

n Electrophoresis Classroom Set (page 35) SE-7239 n kena® Digital Microscope (page 26) SE-7236 n ken-a-vision® Digital Monocular Comprehensive Scope 2 (page 37) SE-7246 n Magnetic Stirrer (page 33) SE-7700

n Diffusion/Osmosis Apparatus (no sensor) (page 30) ME-6940

n Metabolism Chamber (page 29) ME-6936

n Diffusion/Osmosis Replacement Membranes (page 30) ME-6941 n EcoChamber (page 28) ME-6667

n Photosynthesis Tank (page 33) PS-2521A

n EcoZone™ System (page 24) ME-6668

n Spirometer Mouth Pieces (page 36) PS-2522

n Mitochondrial Genetics Kit (page 34) BP-6946 n Sensor Extension Cable (page 218) PS-2500

n EKG Sensor Electrode Patches (100) (page 188) CI-6620

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39


Chemistry

PASCO’s 21st Century Solutions for Chemistry PASCO sensors and software are an ideal fit for your chemistry classroom. From the MultiMeasure Chemistry sensors to the intuitive SPARKvue software, data collection and analysis has never been easier or more meaningful. In addition to sensors and software, we have the curriculum and apparatus to help you address core standards through experimentation. The PASCO solution truly covers all of your chemistry needs. In the following Chemistry section, you will find instructional resources, plus a wealth of inquiry-based, hands-on activities and classroom applications.

Index to Chemistry Solutions SPARKlabs for Chemistry ........................................42 Sensor Bundle for Chemistry SPARKlabs ...............43 AP* and Advanced Chemistry Teacher Guide .........44 Advanced Chemistry Sensor Bundles .....................45 Chemistry through Inquiry Teacher Guide ...............46 General Chemistry Sensor Bundles ........................47 Chemistry Products and Classroom Applications ...........................................48 PASCO Chemistry Solutions Ordering Guide ..........60 * AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

World Class Support & Professional Development Committed to Your Success

We want to provide you with all the support, guidance, and training you need. Just let us know how we can help. For more details see pages 240-243.

CONTACT US TODAY www.pasco.com

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PASCO.COM K SEE CHEMISTRY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 60-61


Four essentials for Chemistry you can’t do without! Advanced Chemistry Sensor

Amadeus Spectrometer System

PS-2172

SE-7183

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Conductivity Probe, built-in Pressure Sensor, 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors. This sensor gives you broad coverage of core chemistry topics with simultaneous measurements! Measure pressure, temperature, pH, and conductivity. Use it to experiment in topics ranging from electrolytes and acid-base reactions to gas laws and thermochemistry. Acid-base, thermometric, and conductometric titrations are now possible, individually or simultaneously, all with one sensor!

Perform these labs with the Advanced Chemistry Sensor: A

Exploring Gas Laws

A

Hess’s Law

A

Properties of Buffers

A

Rate of Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide

A

Intermolecular forces

Includes Amadeus spectrometer, Tungsten light source with power supply, 1.8 meter fiber optic probe, USB cable, 10 cuvettes. Now compatible with SPARKvue software and SPARK Science Learning System. This affordable spectrometer from Ocean Optics is designed for ease of use at high schools. From the Tungsten light source to the included fiber optic cable, this system is a great value! Now compatible with SPARKvue software and SPARK Science Learning System.

Perform these labs with the Amadeus Spectrometer: A

Emission Spectra

A

Absorption Spectra

Available Spring 2013

High Accuracy Drop Counter PS-2117 Includes Micro Stir Bar plus a stainless steel sensor rod for easy attachment to a ring stand.

Perform these labs with the High Accuracy Drop Counter:

A great sensor for experiments where every drop counts— literally! Use the Drop Counter in tandem with our pH Sensor to accurately determine the equivalence point in an acid–base titration. It works equally well with large or small, fast or slow drops.

A

Acid Base Titration

A

Ion Concentrations

A

Conductometric Titrations

A

Diprotic Titrations

Voltage/Current Sensor PS-2115 Includes 2 pairs of voltage leads and 1 pair of alligator clips. Simultaneously measure voltage and current within an electric circuit. Study the charging and discharging of a capacitor to find the relationship between voltage and current in a circuit (Ohm’s Law), and, to determine the power consumed by electrical devices.

Perform these labs with the Voltage/Current Sensor: A

Determination of Electrochemical Series

A

Electrochemical Batteries

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Electroplating

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Molar Mass of Copper

Measure the voltage and current as a simple RC circuit is charged and discharged.

Integrated probe-management makes titration set up a snap.

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41


Chemistry

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SPARKlabs for Chemistry: fully electronic, inquiry-based lab activities For iPad, Android tablet, computer, or SPARK Science Learning System labs

SPARKlabs are educator-designed interactive lab activities that guide students through the process of inquiry and investigation, promoting critical thinking and group discussion. labs Think of a SPARKlab as a modern, highly interactive lab notebook that is fully contained on your iPad, Android tablet, computer, or on the SPARK Science Learning System. Then add “guide on the side” supportlabs embedded throughout the investigation process. Add completely seamless data collection and analysis tools. The result is everything you need on one platform to keep students focused on learning.

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A central theme of SPARKscience is the integration of the scientific process with the learning process. Each SPARKlab includes: A background science content A setup guidance A seamless integration with data collection and analysis A embedded reflection and assessment prompts A student journals Over 60 labs (including 11 for chemistry) come free with SPARKvue software or on the SPARK Science Learning System. And the SPARKlab library continues to grow, with additional labs available for purchase and download.

The SPARKlab Library Includes 11 FREE Chemistry SPARKlabs! Absolute Zero (Gay Lussac’s Law)

Boyle’s Law

(Absolute Pressure Sensor & Fast Response Temperature Probe) Students determine the temperature at which all motion stops (absolute zero).

(Absolute Pressure Sensor) Determine the effect of volume on the pressure of a closed system containing a fixed amount of molecules at a constant temperature.

Acid-Base Titration

Diprotic Titration

(pH Sensor & Drop Counter) Determine the concentration of a HCl solution and the concentration of an acetic acid solution by titration.

(pH Sensor & Drop Counter) Learn how chemical reactions can be the sum of several individual reactions.

Beer’s Law

Electrochemical Battery

(Colorimeter) Students determine the concentration of a copper (II) sulfate solution.

(Voltage Probe) Place metal reactants in order on the table of standard electrode potentials.

Evidence of a Chemical Reaction (Fast Response

Percent O2 in Air

Heats of Reaction & Solution (Stainless Steel

Periodic Trends

(Absolute Pressure Sensor) Study the components of air and learn how to determine the percent of O2 in air.

Temperature Probe) Learn to distinguish between physical changes and chemical reactions.

Determine how atomic properties vary periodically as a function of atomic number on the periodic table.

Temperature Probe) Determine the molar heat of solution for NaOH and NH4Cl when dissolved in water.

Intermolecular Forces

(Stainless Steel Temperature Probe) Distinguish the effects of molecular size and shape on the strength of intermolecular forces.

For a complete list of all SPARKlabs go to pasco.com/sparklabs

SPARKlabs for Chemistry NEW SPARKlabs are available for purchase and download at the SPARKlab Library. For a complete list of all SPARKlabs, go to

pasco.com/sparklabs

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pH of Household Chemicals

Emission Spectra

(Amadeus Spectrometer)

(pH Sensor)

Students identify the composition of gas in a light source and develop an understanding of Bohr’s Model.

PS-2078

PS-2079

Students evaluate the pH of common hair products and common household items.

PASCO.COM K SEE CHEMISTRY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 60-61

Reaction Rates: Glucose Concentration

(Colorimeter) Students learn about reaction rates and the effects of glucose concentration and chemical reactions.

PS-2080


Inside a SPARKlab

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SPARKlab Activity: Intermolecular Forces

How does the size and shape of a molecule affect labs labs evaporation rates? Evaporation occurs when a substance changes from liquid to vapor. Surface area and temperature are two factors that determine the rate at which this occurs. A third factor is vapor pressure, which is largely determined by the strength of intermolecular forces. In this Chemistry SPARKlab students will create graphs showing the change in temperature as each of the labs homologous alcohols evaporates.

Students learn that molecular size and shape effects the strength of intermolecular forces for different alcohols.

While observing the rate of change of each graph, students will: A

Explain why evaporation causes a decrease in temperature.

A

Investigate the relationship between the size of alcohols and the strengthlabs of their intermolecular forces.

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Use isomeric alcohol pairs to discover the role that the shape of a molecule has on its vapor pressure.

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Students are able to observe a change in temperature as an alcohol evaporates from a temperature probe.

The SPARKlab Sensor Bundle The sensors you need to perform the eleven FREE Chemistry SPARKlabs and more Chemistry Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2921

1. Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 (page 51) 2. High Accuracy Drop Counter PS-2117 3. Colorimeter PS-2121 (page 56)

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(page 51)

2 WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

See pages 60-61 for the complete Chemistry solution ordering guide.

3 SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

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Chemistry

Advanced Chemistry Teacher Guide Lab activities and guide designed for teacher and student success A This standards-based, STEM-focused guide has been designed by chemistry educators to teach students through inquiry. A Includes all 22 recommended Chemistry AP* Labs and more. A The lab activities engage students as they make predictions, use critical thinking skills to solve sequencing challenges, and answer questions embedded throughout each activity. A Multiple-choice questions bridge the gap between “lecture and lab” and help students gain confidence for the AP* exam. A The guide includes assessment, as well as a flash drive with teacher tips, the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts. It also includes a 60-day license of the Advanced ODYSSEY molecular modeling software. A It supports use of SPARKvue and SPARKvue HD, the SPARK Science Learning System, and Xplorer GLX.

COMING SOON!

Perform these 36 challenging AP* and Advanced Chemistry labs using the Teacher Guide and these sensors...

The upcoming Advanced Chemistry through Inquiry Teacher Guide will be aligned with the Revised College Board Framework.

Absolute Pressure + Stainless Steel Temperature

Stainless Steel Temperature

Radiation

Determine the Molar Mass of a Volatile Liquid

Analysis of a Coordination Compound

Determining the Half-Life of an Isotope

Enthalpy of a Chemical Reaction

Determine the Rate of the Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide Exploring Gas Laws Identifying an Unknown Metal Molar Volume of a Gas Molecular Interaction in Ethanol and Acetone Colorimeter The Breathalyzer™ Test for Alcohol Colorimetric Analysis Determine the Equilibrium Constant for a Chemical Reaction Order of Reaction

Gravimetric Determination of a Precipitate Molecular Weight by Freezing Point Depression

Voltage/Current pH

Determination of Electrochemical Series

Properties of Buffer Solutions

Electroplating

pH + High Accuracy Drop Counter

Amadeus Spectrometer

Acid–Base Titrations Determine the Ka Values of Two Isomeric Multi-Protic Acids

Absorption Spectra

Determine Ka by Half-Titration of a Weak Acid

Analysis of Anions

Oxidation–Reduction Titration

Mole Relationships in a Chemical Reaction Conductivity + High Accuracy Drop Counter Conductometric Titration

Organic Synthesis II—Analysis

Organic Synthesis I—Preparation

Determine a Solubility Product

Conductivity

Stainless Steel Temperature + pH + High Accuracy Drop Counter

Standardizing a Solution of Sodium Hydroxide Using Different Indicators for pH Determination

No sensor required Determining the Empirical Formula of a Compound Determine the Percentage of Water in a Hydrate Separation and Analysis of Cations Separation by Liquid Chromatography Synthesis of a Coordination Compound

*AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

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PASCO.COM K SEE CHEMISTRY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 60-61


Advanced Chemistry Sensor Bundle

The equipment you need to teach AP* and Advanced Chemistry labs Advanced Chemistry Standard Sensor Bundle PS-2928A 1.

Advanced Chemistry Sensor PS-2172 (page 41)

2.

Colorimeter PS-2121 (page 32)

3. High Accuracy Drop Counter PS-2117 (page 51) 4. Voltage/Current Sensor PS-2115 (page 53) 5. Alpha Beta Gamma Radiation Sensor (includes Digital Adapter) PS-2166 (page 208) 6. Oxidation Reduction Potential Probe CI-6716 (page 202)

Available Spring 2013

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Amadeus Spectrometer System SE-7183 Includes Amadeus Spectrometer, tungsten light source with power supply, 1.8 meter fiber optic probe, USB cable, 10 cuvettes. Now compatible with SPARKvue software and SPARK Science Learning System.

Advanced Chemistry Teacher Guide PS-2877B

Includes a printed manual and flash drive. Manual contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips, a PDF of the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts. Also includes 60-day free trial of ODYSSEY software (see pages 48-49).

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

Also Available: Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2887A (Contains all materials from the teacher guide and teacher tips in electronic format only) Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2897A (A printed version of the same student handouts that are included electronically with both the Teacher Guide and Teacher Guide Flash Drive only)

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Chemistry

Chemistry through Inquiry Teacher Guide Lab activities and guide designed for teacher and student success A This standards-based, STEM-focused guide has been designed by educators. A C ore topic areas include lab skills, structure and properties of matter, and chemical reactions. A T he lab activities engage students as they make predictions, collect real-time data, use critical thinking skills to solve sequencing challenges, and answer questions embedded throughout each activity. A A ctivities also help students build vocabulary skills with key term challenges. A M ultiple-choice questions give students practice for standardized exams. A T he guide includes assessment, as well as a flash drive with teacher tips, the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts. It also includes a 60-day license of the High School ODYSSEY molecular modeling software A I t supports use of SPARKvue and SPARKvue HD, the SPARK Science Learning System, and Xplorer GLX.

Perform these 28 challenging Chemistry labs using the Teacher Guide and these sensors... Absolute Pressure Sensor Boyle’s Law Percent Oxygen in Air Rates of Reaction Absolute Pressure Sensor + Fast Response Temperature Probe Guy-Lussac’s Law and Absolute Zero Absolute Pressure Sensor + Stainless Steel Temperature Probe Ideal Gas Law Colorimeter Concentration of a Solution (Beer’s Law) Single Replacement Reactions Conductivity Sensor Electrolyte vs. Non-Electrolyte Solutions L Properties of Ionic and Covalent Compounds L Fast Response Temperature Probe Evidence of a Chemical Reaction Heat of Fusion Specific Heat pH Sensor Le Châteliers Principle

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pH Sensor + High Accuracy Drop Counter Acid-Base Titration Diprotic Titration Stainless Steel Temperature Probe Intermolecular Forces Temperature Sensor (Stainless Steel or Fast Response) Heats of Reaction and Solution Hess’s Law Phase Change Stoichiometry Voltage/Current Sensor Electrochemical Battery Molar Mass of Copper L No sensor required Conservation of Matter Density L Double Replacement Reactions Graphing Mass vs. Volume to Determine Density L Significant Figures L L Lab activities with the color box require

the Standard Bundle. All other activities can be done with either bundle.

PASCO.COM K SEE CHEMISTRY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 60-61


Chemistry Sensor Bundles

The equipment you need to teach Chemistry through Inquiry Teacher Guide labs Chemistry Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2921 1. Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 (page 51) 2. High Accuracy Drop Counter PS-2117 (page 51) 3. Colorimeter PS-2121 (page 56)

This bundle gives you the sensors you need to perform 22 labs from the Teacher Guide (see opposite page), as well as the 11 FREE SPARKlabs on page 42. 1

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Chemistry Standard Sensor Bundle PS-2927B 1. Advanced Chemistry Sensor PS-2172 (page 50) 2. High Accuracy Drop Counter PS-2117 (page 56) 3. Colorimeter PS-2121 (page 213) 4. Fast Response Temperature Probe PS-2135 (page 213) 5. Voltage/Current Sensor PS-2115 (page 53) 6. Significant Figure Set-Single ME-9850 (page 58) 7. Discover Density Set SE-9719A 8. Density Set ME-8569 (page 58)

This bundle gives you the sensors you need to perform all 28 labs from the Teacher Guide, as well as the 11 FREE SPARKlabs on page 42.

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Available Spring 2013

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Chemistry through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2871B Includes a printed manual and flash drive. Manual contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips, a PDF of the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts. Also includes a 60-day license of the High School ODYSSEY molecular modeling software.

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

Also Available: Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2881A (Contains all materials from the teacher guide and teacher tips in electronic format only) Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2891A (A printed version of the same student handouts that are included electronically with both the Teacher Guide and Teacher Guide Flash Drive only)

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47


Chemistry

Far beyond a digital representation of ball and stick models, ODYSSEY software allows students to view and manipulate 3D representations of atomic and molecular orbitals.

Stunning molecular visualization ODYSSEY is chemistry education software for visualization and simulation at the molecular level. From carbon monoxide to DNA, from hydrogen gas to liquid water – ODYSSEY shows matter in full atomic detail and stunning molecular motion. ODYSSEY includes more than 85 core chemistry topics in self-contained units with ready-to-use activities. Each experiment is designed to engage students in discovery-based learning, but can also be used for classroom demonstrations. A T he ODYSSEY High School version contains a robust engine for building and analyzing molecules and simulations. The content of the molecular labs and tutorials is designed for beginning chemistry students and correlated to most state science standards.

A T he ODYSSEY AP version contains the same robust engine, with about 50% more labs, analysis questions, and molecular models. The content is designed for a more advanced user with additional emphasis on higherlevel concepts such as organic molecules, coordination compounds, and electrostatic potential maps.

ODYSSEY High School Instructor Edition

ODYSSEY AP Instructor Edition

SE-7160-K12

SE-7160-AP

Student Lab (10 pack) SE-7163-K12

Student Lab (10 pack) SE-7163-AP

See pasco.com/odyssey for more options

See pasco.com/odyssey for more options

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Perfect for classroom demonstrations and discussions.

PASCO.COM K SEE CHEMISTRY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 60-61


Visualize states of matter.

Investigate the properties of any molecule.

Investigate the motion of molecules in a gas to gain a deeper understanding of pressure and its relationship to the number of particles, temperature and volume. Intermolecular forces, close packing in metals, and structures of solids and liquids can all be visualized and experimented with on a molecular level.

ODYSSEY allows students to create and rotate any structure in three dimensions. Beyond that, students are given the power to study topics such as electron density, bonding, resonance, and isomerism. They can even create simulations.

. Observe complex structures.

See

pasco.com/odyssey for product descriptions and a complete range of license options, including school licenses and demo requests.

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS Windows Intel Core Duo, Pentium/Celeron (2 GHz and up), or AMD equivalent; Windows XP/Vista/Windows 7; 512 MB RAM; 700 MB disk space Mac Intel-Based Macintosh Only (No Power PC); Mac OS X 10.5/10.6; 512 MB RAM; 700 MB disk space

WE CAN HELP

Investigate topics in general, organic, and biochemistry by building polypeptides from amino acids or form a DNA molecule from nucleotide bases. Here is a dramatic look at some of the most fundamental building blocks of life in a 3-D environment.

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Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Chemistry

You’ll use one of these sensors for most of your chemistry curriculum. Advanced Chemistry Sensor The Advanced Chemistry Sensor provides broad coverage of core chemistry topics and the advanced ability for simultaneous measurements! Give your students the ability to measure pressure, temperature, pH and conductivity. Use this sensor to experiment in topics ranging from electrolytes and acid base reactions to gas laws and thermochemistry. Acid-base, thermometric and conductometric titrations are now possible individually or simultaneously‌ all with one sensor!

By combining the pH and conductivity ports into one sensor, you can now perform titrations that were not possible before.

The most relevant chemistry measurements, all in one sensor!

Chemistry Sensor The Chemistry Sensor gives you students the ability to measure pressure, temperature, pH and voltage simultaneously. The versatility of the Chemistry Sensor provides coverage for most of the content in High School chemistry. Possible applications range from electrochemistry and acid-base reactions to reaction rates and gas laws.

A test tube, piece of steel wool, and a Pressure Sensor are all you need to have your students calculate the amount of oxygen in the air.

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PASCO.COM K SEE CHEMISTRY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 60-61


Acid-base titrations – done quickly and accurately! Using one of the Chemistry sensors to monitor pH and the High-Accuracy Drop Counter, students will create acid-base titration curves in a fraction of the time, allowing them to repeat their trials to ensure consistency. The Advanced Chemistry Sensor broadens the types of titrations that are possible. Now acid-base, thermometric, and conductometric titrations can be performed separately or simultaneously‌ all with one sensor!

Multiple trials of titration curves can easily be collected in one class period.

Advanced Chemistry Sensor

In this lab activity, the concentration of an unknown sample of hydrochloric acid is determined by reacting it with a known concentration of sodium hydroxide.

Chemistry Sensor

High-Accuracy Drop Counter

PS-2172

PS-2170

PS-2117

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Conductivity Probe, built-in Pressure Sensor, 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors.

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Voltage Probe, built-in Pressure Sensor, 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors.

Includes Micro Stir Bar plus a Stainless Steel Sensor rod for easy attachment to ring stand.

Available Spring 2013

Also Available: Magnetic Stirrer SE-7700

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51


Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Chemistry

Quantitatively measure exothermic and endothermic processes Have your students explore concepts ranging from specific heat capacity, to heats of solution and Hess’ Law. With PASCO’s Calorimeter Cups, Specific Heat Set, Hot Plate and Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, your students will be outfitted with the necessary equipment to perform a wide range of thermochemistry experiments. Calorimetry Cups A

Includes set of six Styrofoam™ cups that are 7.5 cm inside diameter, 10 cm deep, with 1.3 cm thick walls for excellent thermal properties.

A

The lids have a hole, which is ideal for inserting a temperature probe.

Hot Plate A

The compact and durable plate can reach up to 400 C in minutes.

A

The cast aluminum top plate provides an even heating surface and has a built-in support rod holder (rod not included).

Specific Heat Set A

Comes with five different materials (aluminum, brass, stainless steel, zinc, and copper), each with a mass of 80 g.

A

Each has a hole to tie a loop of string, so it can be suspended in a liquid.

Calorimetry Cups TD-8825A Styrofoam calorimeter cups (7.5 cm inside diameter, 10 cm deep) have 1.3 cm thick walls for excellent thermal properties. The lids have a hole for a temperature probe. Includes set of six cups with lids.

Use the change in temperature to determine specific heat capacity of a metal sample.

Hot Plate

Specific Heat Set

SE-8830 This compact and durable hot plate can reach up to 400 °C in minutes. The cast aluminum top plate provides an even heating surface, and it even has a built-in support rod holder (rod not included).

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SE-6849 This specific heat set has five different materials, all having the same mass (80 g). Each has a hole to tie a loop of string to hang the samples in water.

PASCO.COM K SEE CHEMISTRY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 60-61


The Voltage/Current Sensor measures the electrochemical potential in a voltaic cell as electrons move from the zinc anode to copper cathode.

Electrochemistry made easy . . . with the Voltage/Current Sensor

Voltage/Current Sensor PS-2115

The Voltage/Current Sensor provides the perfect solution for the electrochemistry portion of your curriculum. Using this MultiMeasure Sensor during electrochemistry experiments, students will be able to simultaneously measure voltage and current in voltaic and electrolytic cells.

Combines 2 sensors in 1 case. Includes 2 pairs of voltage leads and 1 pair of alligator clips.

About the Voltage/Current Sensor:

Recommended: Alligator Clip Leads EM-8634 (set of 10)

A

Measures voltage and current simultaneously.

A

Is equipped with overload protection and automatic reset.

A

Automatically shuts down and sounds alarm when current gets too high.

Using the built-in Voltage Sensor: The SPARK SLS standalone datalogger has a built-in voltage probe to measure electrochemical potential in a voltaic cell

WE CAN HELP

The SPARKvue’s analysis tools allow you to determine the area under the curve. This is equal to the charge used in the electrolysis experiment featuring the voltage/current sensor.

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53


Chemistry

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

As carbon dioxide is injected into the chamber, the pressure quickly rises. As the gaseous CO 2 equilibrates with the water, the indicator changes color and the pH drops.

Perform quantitative gas reaction studies. This reaction vessel is designed for sensor-based measurement. Study gas reactions safely while collecting continuous real-time measurements. See what you’ve been missing. Use the provided syringe to vary the pressure in the chamber or introduce other gases.

WITH THIS CHAMBER, STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO STUDY: A

Gas laws

A

Vapor pressure

A

Reactions involving gases

A

Gaseous equilibrium

Atmospheric Properties Chamber ME-6813A

Includes chamber, tubing, rubber stoppers, stop cocks, and syringe

As carbon dioxide is injected into the chamber, the pressure quickly rises. As the gaseous carbon dioxide equilibrates with the water, the indicator changes color and the pH drops.

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Required for Measurement: Chemistry Sensor PS-2170

PASCO.COM K SEE CHEMISTRY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 60-61


Investigate the Ideal Gas Law simply and effectively The Ideal Gas Law Apparatus has a stable design that ensures consistently repeatable results and longterm reliability. By connecting a Pressure Sensor and a Temperature Sensor to this large syringe, students will be able to quantitatively investigate relationships between pressure, temperature, and volume of a gas. FEATURES: A A A

Low thermal mass thermistor Quick connect port for a pressure sensor Mechanical stop on the plunger to prevent damage Students observe that both pressure and temperature increase as the volume inside the Ideal Gas Law Apparatus is decreased over time.

Ideal Gas Law Apparatus TD-8596A

Includes Ideal Gas Law syringe, built-in fast response thermistor, and quick connect pressure port.

Students observe that both pressure and temperature increase as the volume inside the Ideal Gas Law Apparatus is decreased.

Recreate a classic experiment and experimentally determine absolute zero The Absolute Zero Sphere has a constant volume – perfect for determining absolute zero temperature. Connect a Pressure Sensor and Temperature Sensor and immerse the sphere in water baths of several different temperatures. See pressure and temperature changes in real-time. Once the data is collected, students can use a linear fit to extrapolate the value of absolute zero. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE: A A A

Experimentally determine the temperature of absolute zero Investigate the relationship between pressure and temperature (Gay-Lussac’s Law) Discover the Ideal Gas Law

Immerse the sphere in water baths of several different temperatures to see pressure and temperature changes in real-time.

Absolute Zero Sphere TD-8595

Includes built-in Fast Response Thermistor Probe and quick connect pressure port. Also Requires: Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 or Pressure/Temperature Sensor PS-2146

A linear fit can be applied to the pressure versus temperature data collected to extrapolate absolute zero.

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55


Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Chemistry

The student on the right is removing a Colorimeter cuvette from a previous trial, while the other student is filling the cuvette for the next trial.

Order of Reaction Using Beer’s Law Using the PASPORT Colorimeter students will graph the absorbance of crystal violet versus time as it reacts with sodium hydroxide. Since crystal violet is a dye that absorbs light in the visible range and the products of this reaction do not absorb light, the absorbance will decrease as the crystal violet is used up. Using Beer’s Law to calculate concentration, students can then calculate the order of reaction using the initial rate method.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE: A A A A

Auto-calibration with the push of a button Sample five times per second Simultaneously reports transmittance and absorbance Stabilized light source for consistent readings

Colorimeter PS-2121

Includes 5 glass cuvettes, plastic storage case, cuvette labeling stickers, Sensor Extension Cable

The concentration of crystal violet decreases as it reacts with the sodium hydroxide in the cuvette. The various starting conditions allow the order of the reaction to be calculated using the initial rate method.

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PASCO.COM K SEE CHEMISTRY SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 60-61


Real Spectrometry at a reasonable price Measure absorbance, emission and fluorescence! This affordable Amadeus spectrometer from Ocean Optics is designed for ease of use at high schools. From the tungsten light source to the included fiber optic cable, this system is a great value! Now compatible with SPARKvue software and SPARK Science Learning System. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A Perfect for the “Absorption Spectra” activity from the Advanced Chemistry manual A Spectral Range: 350 to 850 nm A Resolution: 3 nm (FWHM) with a total of 300 datapoints

Students collect full absorption spectra to determine the concentration of species in the solution.

Quick quantitative identification of emission peaks from elemental and molecular species

Spectral Tube Power Supply and Mount SE-9460

Amadeus Spectrometer System

Spectral Tubes not included – select from list below.

SE-7183 Includes Amadeus spectrometer, tungsten light source with power supply, 1.8 meter fiber optic probe, USB cable, 10 cuvettes. Now compatible with SPARKvue software and SPARK Science Learning System.

Spectral Tubes available: Argon SE-9463 Carbon Dioxide SE-9464 Helium SE-9462 Hydrogen SE-9461 Krypton SE-9465 Mercury SE-9466 Neon SE-9467 Water Vapor SE-9468

WE CAN HELP

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57


Chemistry

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications Help students discover the value of significant figures With this set students will truly understand measurement uncertainty. ACTIVITIES INCLUDE: A Ball Drop: Students toss small balls on a bull’s-eye to discover the relationship between

technique and measurements, leading to the concepts of accuracy and precision. A “Forced Error” Measurements: Students use a meter stick that has inaccurate markings to take measurements to reinforce that precise measurements are not always accurate. A Mass/Length Measurements: Students use a balance or Four-Scale Meter Stick with imprecise scales to limit the certainty in their measurements. A Area/Volume/Density Calculations: Students use a variety of measuring devices to calculate the area, volume and density of various objects, with emphasis placed on the precision of the measuring devices throughout.

Significant Figures Set (4 pack) ME-9849 Includes materials for four student groups: plastic balls, carbon paper, bull’s-eyes, 4-scale meter sticks, data pointers, meter stick labels and balance labels. Plus 1 large laminated number line.

A student dropping a ball onto a bull’s-eye to create examples of results that are precise but not accurate, accurate but not precise, and accurate.

Also available: Significant Figures Single Set ME-9850

Matter Model: Investigate the structure of matter with this dynamic visualization The atoms of the Matter Model are brightly colored spheres specifically designed to allow students to better understand the structure of matter. The bonds between the atoms are modeled by springs, so that when forces are applied, the atoms can move in response. Use this model to demonstrate normal force, atmospheric pressure or even wave motion.

Density Set ME-8569 Includes one irregular aluminum shape, two blocks, (aluminum and brass), three identically-sized cylinders (aluminum, brass and plastic).

A Modeling a Solid: By constructing a matrix of spheres, students can

build a model of matter that is dynamic and responds to external forces similarly to real solids.

A Wave Properties: Students can investigate wave properties including

reflection, wave speed and standing waves.

Matter Model ME-9825A Includes Atoms (40), heavy springs (60), Light springs (60, long springs (60), nuts (for increasing the atom mass) (30) and one brass rod (90 cm long).

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Also Available: Overflow Can SE-8568

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Chromatography Solutions from Thin Layer Chromatography Introduce your students to chromatography principles and show them how dyes of different colors can be separated. This experiment introduces chromatographic theory and methods of thin layer chromatography. A mixture of dyes are separated on a cellulose-based TLC plate using two different solvent systems. KIT INCLUDES: Instructions, samples, reagents and solvents, cellulose thin layer plate, 5 Âľl glass capillary pipets (enough material for 4 experiments). WHAT YOU NEED: 250 ml beakers, metric rulers, pipet pump, 5 or 10 ml pipets, and distilled water.

Edvotek Thin Layer Chromatography Kit

Use the image capture and analysis tools in the SPARK software to measure the TLC separation of the dyes.

SE-7321 Developed by

Also Available: USB Microscope Camera PS-2343

Ion Exchange Chromatography Perform a more advanced separation using the ion exchange chromatography kit. In this experiment, a mixture of two chemicals is absorbed onto a solid support ion-exchange column and separated during elution under conditions that influence their net charge. KIT INCLUDES: Instructions, ion exchanger, chemical mixture, potassium acetate buffer, chromatography columns (enough material for 6 experiments).

The purple mixture is separated into its red and blue components with ion exchange chromatography.

WHAT YOU NEED: Spectrophotometer and cuvettes, ring stands and clamps, test tubes, lab glassware, distilled water, 5 ml pipets, and pumps.

Edvotek Ion Exchange Chromatography Kit SE-7320 Developed by

Also Available: Amadeus Spectrophotometer System SE-7183

WE CAN HELP

With the Amadeus Spectrophotometer you can measure the absorbance spectrum of the red and blue dyes as the mixture is separated.

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59


1 Choose your content.

abs

labs

labs

n Advanced Chemistry through Inquiry

Also Available: m Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2881A m Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2891A

Also Available: m Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2887A m Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2897A

SPARKlabs are available for purchase at the SPARKlab Online Library: pasco.com/sparklabs

Teacher Guide PS-2877B (page 44)

PS-2871B (page 46)

abs

abs

n 3 11 FREE Sparklabs (see page 42) m Emission Spectra Bohr’s Model PS-2079 m pH of Household Chemicals PS-2078 m Reaction Rates: Glucose Concentration PS-2080 labs n Chemistry through Inquiry Teacher Guide

Also Available:

abs

abs

Solutions Ordering Guide

Chemistry

labs

2 Add sensor bundles or individual sensors. labs n Chemistry Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2921 (page 47)

1. Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 2. High Accuracy Drop Counter PS-2117 3. Colorimeter PS-2121 labslab list page 46 Teacher Guide

2

1

SPARKlab list page 42

3

n Chemistry Standard Sensor Bundle PS-2927B (page 47) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Advanced Chemistry Sensor PS-2172 High Accuracy Drop Counter PS-2117 Colorimeter PS-2121 Fast Response Temperature Probes (3) PS-2135 Voltage/Current Sensor PS-2115 Significant Figure Set/Single ME-9850 Discover Density Set SE-9719A Density Set ME-8569

7

Teacher Guide lab list page 46 SPARKlab list page 42

Available Spring 2013 1

2

3

4

6

5

8

n Advanced Chemistry Standard Sensor Bundle PS-2928A (page 45) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Advanced Chemistry Sensor PS-2172 Colorimeter PS-2121 High Accuracy Drop Counter PS-2117 Voltage/Current Sensor PS-2115 Alpha Beta Gamma Radiation Sensor (includes Digital Adapter) PS-2166 6. Oxidation Reduction Potential Probe CI-6716 Teacher Guide lab list page 44 SPARKlab list page 42

Available Spring 2013

2

1

3

4

5

Individual Sensors n Absolute Pressure/Temperature Sensor n Advanced Chemistry Sensor

(page 50)

(page 206)

PS-2172

Available Spring 2013

n Alpha Beta Gamma Radiation Sensor; includes Digital Adapter (page 208) PS-2166 n Chemistry Sensor (page 51) PS-2170

60

PS-2146

n Colorimeter

(page 56)

PS-2121

n Conductivity Sensor

(page 186) PS-2116A n Fast Response Temperature Probes (3) (page 213) PS-2135 n Oxidation Reduction Potential Probe (page 202) CI-6716

n Voltage/Current Sensor PASCO.COM

(page 53)

PS-2115

6


3 Select your data collection system. Use with your computer.

Use as a standalone or with your computer. Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

n SPARK Science Learning System™

Use with your iPad or Android tablet. Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

n SPARKvue® Site License

PS-2008A

+

n SPARKvue HD for iPad

PS-2400

or

n SPARKlink®

n SPARKvue HD for Tablet

PS-2009

+

add a Bluetooth interface

n AirLink 2 PS-2010

or

New this year

n SPARKlink Air PS-2011

Available Spring 2013

4 Select additional items. n Absolute Zero Sphere (page 55) TD-8595 n Amadeus Spectrometer System (page 57) SE-7183 n Atmospheric Properties Chamber (page 54) ME-6813A n Buret Utility Clamp (page 234) SE-9446 n Calorimetry Cups (page 252) TD-8825A n Density Set (page 58) ME-8569 n Discover Density Set SE-9719A n High Accuracy Drop Counter (page 51) PS-2117 n Hot Plate (page 52) SE-8830 n Ideal Gas Law Apparatus (page 55) TD-8596A n Small Base & Support Rod (page 235) SE-9451 n Magnetic Stirrer (page 51) SE-7700 n Matter Model (page 58) ME-9825A n Mole Set (page 58) SE-7586 n Odyssey AP* Instructor Edition (page 48) SE-7160-AP

n Odyssey High School Instructor Edition (page 48) SE-7160-K12 n Ohaus Scout Pro Balance (page 233) SE-8823 n Sensor Extension Cable (page 218) PS-2500 n Significant Figure Set (page 58) ME-9849 n Specific Heat Set (page 52) SE-6849 n Spectral Tube Power Supply & Mount (page 57) SE-9460 n Spectral Tubes (page 57) : • Argon SE-9463 • Carbon Dioxide SE-9464 • Helium SE-9462 • Hydrogen SE-9461 • Krypton SE-9465 • Mercury SE-9466 • Neon SE-9467 • Water Vapor SE-9468 n Three-Finger Clamp (page 234) SE-9445

* AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

61


Earth Science

PASCO’s 21st Century Solutions for Earth Science Equip students with technology that allows them to study the geosphere, hydrosphere, and the atmosphere. PASCO’s award-winning software and sensors allow quick exploration of Earth Science phenomena directly. Even challenging concepts can be quantified when sensors are used to collect data through modeling. In the following Earth Science section, you will find instructional resources, plus a wealth of inquiry-based, hands-on activities and classroom applications.

Index to Earth Science Solutions SPARKlabs for Earth Science .................................64 Sensor Bundle for Earth Science SPARKlabs .........65 Earth Science through Inquiry Teacher Guide ........66 General Earth Science Sensor Bundles .................67 Earth Science Products and Classroom Applications ..........................................68 PASCO Earth Science Solutions Ordering Guide ....................................................... 74

* AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

World Class Support & Professional Development Committed to Your Success

We want to provide you with all the support, guidance, and training you need. Just let us know how we can help. For more details see pages 240-243.

CONTACT US TODAY www.pasco.com

62

PASCO.COM K SEE EARTH SCIENCE SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 74-75


Four sensors for Earth Science you can’t do without! Water Quality Sensor

GPS Position Sensor

PS-2169

PS-2175

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Dissolved Oxygen Probe, and Conductivity Probe. The PASPORT Water Quality Perform these labs with Sensor provides field water the Water Quality Sensor: quality measurement in one very A Air Pollution and Acid Rain compact sensor module. This MultiMeasure Sensor A Determine Soil Quality measures water temperature, A Monitor Water Quality pH (acidity), dissolved oxygen, A Water and pH and conductivity simultaneously. No more fumbling with multiple A Water Purification sensors in your field studies! A Water Treatment

Includes Sensor Extension Cable.

Students collect several parameters with just one sensor – the Water Quality Sensor simultaneously collects pH, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, and temperature.

Weather/Anemometer Sensor More advanced than the Weather Sensor, this hand-held weather station also measures wind speed and wind chill, wind gusts, and humidity index. Use it to monitor conditions during a passing storm. By adding the GPS Position Sensor, weather patterns can be investigated over an extended area.

Perform these labs with the Weather/Anemometer Sensor: A

Monitoring Microclimates

A

Monitoring Water Quality

A

Tracking the Weather

A

Urbanization and Land Use

A

Weather in a Terrarium

Students can connect weather phenomenon they physically feel with quantitative measurements.

WE CAN HELP

A

Geocaching

A

Geosphere: Ocean Floor Mapping

A

Microclimates: Exploring GPS

A

Monitoring the Quality of Water

Your students can easily compare different types of environments around your school.

Magnetic Field Sensor

PS-2174 Includes Sensor Extension Cable.

Perform these labs with the GPS Position Sensor:

Use this sensor when you need to know where you are and where you are going – exactly. Record data with a wide variety of PASCO sensors to explore relationships in measurements between different locations or conditions. Study the motion of a car around a highway loop, accurately correlate weather observations with locations, and reliably locate water quality measurements along the length of a stream.

PS-2112 Make a magnetic field “visible.” Use this sensor to map the magnetic field around a bar magnet, explore how the strength of a magnetic field is related to the distance from the source magnet, and explore magnetic fields formed by coils and loops.

Perform these labs with the Magnetic Field Sensor: A

Earth’s Magnetic Field

A

Electricity and Magnetism

A

Seafloor Spreading and Plate Tectonics

Measure the magnetic field generated by a current passing through a coil.

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

63


labs

labs

Earth Science labs

SPARKlabs for Earth Science: fully electronic, inquiry-based lab activities labs

For iPad, Android tablet, computer, or SPARK Science Learning System

labs

labs

SPARKlabs are educator-designed interactive lab activities that guide students through the process of inquiry and investigation, promoting critical thinking and group discussion. Think of a SPARKlab as a modern, highly interactive lab notebook that is fully contained on your iPad, Android tablet, computer, or on the SPARK Science Learning System. Then add “guide on the side” support embedded throughout the investigation process. Add completely seamless data collection and analysis tools. The result is everything you need on one platform to keep students focused on learning. A central theme of SPARKscience is the integration of the scientific process with the learning process. Each SPARKlab includes: A background science content A setup guidance A seamless integration with data collection and analysis A embedded reflection and assessment prompts A student journals Over 60 labs (including nine for Earth Science) come free with SPARKvue software or on the SPARK Science Learning System. And the SPARKlab library continues to grow, with additional labs available for purchase and download.

Temperature increase for direct sunlight (90 degree), and angled sunlight (60 and 30 degrees) clearly reveals the effect of angle of insolation.

The SPARKlab Library Includes these 9 FREE Earth Science SPARKlabs! Air Pollution and Acid Rain

Soil Salinity

(pH Sensor) Use a pH sensor to determine the effect that air pollutants (CO2, SO2, and NO2) have on the pH of water.

Monitoring the Quality of Water (Water Quality Sensor)

Use a Water Quality Sensor and a Turbidity Sensor to measure the temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, and turbidity of a natural body of water.

Hydrogen Bonding of Water

Radiation Energy Transfer

Specific Heat

Soil pH

Water Treatment

(Stainless Steel Temperature Probe) Explore how the properties of water can be explained by the molecular structure of water.

Insolation and the Seasons (Fast Response

Temperature Probe) Determine the effect that the angle of the sun has on the temperature of a given surface.

(2 Temperature Sensors) Determine the effect that the color of a container has on the temperature of water in the container as it is heated using radiant energy.

(pH Sensor) Use a pH Sensor to determine the pH of three soil samples.

(Conductivity Sensor) Use a Conductivity Sensor to measure the salinity content of three soil samples.

(2 Stainless Steel Temperature Probes) Explore the effect that energy has on the temperature of sand and water.

For a complete list of all SPARKlabs go to pasco.com/sparklabs

(Water Quality Sensor) Use a Water Quality Sensor and Turbidity Sensor to test various wastewater treatment methods.

SPARKlabs for Earth Science NEW SPARKlabs are available for purchase and download at the SPARKlab Library. For a complete list of all SPARKlabs, go to

pasco.com/sparklabs

64

Earth’s Magnetic Field (Magnetic Field

Greenhouse Gases

Seafloor Dynamics

Sensor) Investigate and

Simulate a greenhouse gas environment and investigate the effects of trapped heat and the effects of greenhouse gases on their atmosphere.

magnetism in rocks and explore how seafloor spreading causes the movement

PS-2084

PS-2085

visualize the magnetic field lines surrounding Earth and then model properties of Earth’s magnetic field.

(Temperature Sensor)

(Magnetic Field Sensor) Study the natural

of Earth’s crustal plates.

PS-2086

PASCO.COM K SEE EARTH SCIENCE SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 74-75


Inside a SPARKlab: labs

labs

SPARKlab Activity: Insolation and the Seasons

We all know this is one of the biggest misconceptions labs labs experience to overcome—why does the Earth seasons? In this SPARKlab activity, students will learn from their own collected data that the more directly sunlight strikes the Earth’s surface, the greater the temperature increase will be. The setup is simple and can be done indoors (with lamps) or outdoors under sunlight.

Students investigate how the angle of sunlight (using lamps) affects the temperature at the earth’s surface (using cardboard), as monitored by a Fast Response Temperature Probe.

Once students understand this fundamental concept, they are prompted to reflect further: A

How does this angle of insolation (or incoming solar radiation) explain the seasons?

A

How does angle of insolation drive climate at the equator and the poles?

The relationship between latitude and global heating is connected in this activity. Students can then relate seasons to the Earth’s tilt and its revolution around the sun.

The SPARKlab Sensor Bundle The sensors you need to perform the 9 FREE Earth Science SPARKlabs and more Earth Science Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2922 Water Quality Sensor PS-2169

See pages 74-75 for the complete Earth Science solutions ordering guide.

(page 85)

Measures dissolved oxygen, pH, conductivity and temperature in one convenient package.

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

65


Earth Science

Earth Science through Inquiry Teacher Guide Lab activities and guide designed for teacher and student success A This standards-based, STEM-focused guide is designed by educators. A C ore topic areas include: the geosphere, the hydrosphere, and the atmosphere. A T he lab activities engage students as they make predictions, collect real-time data, use critical thinking skills to solve sequencing challenges, and answer questions embedded throughout each activity. A A ctivities also help students build vocabulary skills with key term challenges. A M ultiple-choice questions give students practice for standardized exams. A T he guide includes assessment, as well as a flash drive with teacher tips, the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts. A I t supports use of SPARKvue, SPARKvue HD, the SPARK Science Learning System, and Xplorer GLX.

Perform these 31 challenging Earth Science labs using the Teacher Guide and these sensors‌ Conductivity Sensor Soil Salinity Fast Response Temperature Probe Greenhouse Gases L GPS Position Sensor + Soil Moisture Sensor + My World GIS Soil Moisture Field Study with My World GIS GPS Sensor + Weather/Anemometer + My World GIS Urbanization and Land Use with My World GIS Light Sensor + Fast Response Temperature Probe + Stainless Steel Temperature Probe Sunlight Intensity and Reflectivity L Magnetic Field Sensor Earth’s Magnetic Field L Seafloor Spreading and Plate Tectonics L My World GIS Climate Zones with My World GIS Coastal Features with My World GIS Coral Reefs with My World GIS Earthquake Epicenter and Tsunami with My World GIS Glacial Features with My World GIS Glaciers Around the World with My World GIS Global Resources and Energy Consumption with My World GIS Hurricanes with My World GIS Mapping and Understanding Weather Systems with My World GIS

66

Monitoring the Quality of Water with My World GIS Physical Features of the Ocean Floor with My World GIS Plate Tectonics with My World GIS Tornadoes with My World GIS Volcanoes with My World GIS Watersheds, Drainage Basins, and Rivers with My World GIS Wind Power Development with My World GIS Stainless Steel Temperature Probe Insolation and the Seasons Specific Heat of Sand versus Water Water Quality Sensor Air Pollution and Acid Rain Hydrogen Bonding of Water Radiation Energy Transfer Soil pH Water Quality Sensor + Turbidity Sensor Water Treatment Weather/Anemometer Tracking Weather L

L Lab activities with the color box require

the Standard Bundle. All other activities can be done with either bundle.

PASCO.COM K SEE EARTH SCIENCE SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 74-75


Earth Science Sensor Bundles

The equipment you need to teach Earth Science through Inquiry Teacher Guide labs. Earth Science Starter Sensor Bundle

Earth Science Starter Sensor Bundle allows you to do 10 lab activities

PS-2922 Water Quality Sensor PS-2169 (page 85)

Measures dissolved oxygen, pH, conductivity and temperature in one convenient package. This bundle gives you the sensors you need to perform 26 labs from the Teacher Guide (see opposite page), as well as the 9 FREE SPARKlabs on page 64.

Earth Science Standard Sensor Bundle

Earth Science Standard Sensor Bundle allows you to do all 31 lab activities

PS-2929A 1. Water Quality Sensor PS-2169 (page 85) 2. Light Sensor PS-2106A (page 196) 3. Weather/Anemometer PS-2174 (page 70) 4. GPS Position Sensor PS-2175 (page 70) 5. Turbidity Sensor PS-2122 (page 215) 6. Soil Moisture Sensor PS-2163 (page 86) 7. Magnetic Field Sensor PS-2112 (page 199)

2

1

3

4

This bundle gives you the sensors you need to perform all 31 labs from the Teacher Guide, as well as the 9 FREE SPARKlabs on page 64. 5

6

7

My World GIS 5.0 Classroom (10-seat) License SE-7364 35-seat License SE-7365 K-12 Campus Site License SE-7366

System Requirements: Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP/Vista/Windows 7, Mac OS X (Universal Binary), Linux and Solaris. Minimum of 128MB of RAM (256MB recommended).

High volume and district licenses also available. See www.pasco.com/myworld for more license options. See page 230 for more information.

Earth Science through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2872B Includes a printed manual and flash drive. Manual contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips, a PDF of the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts.

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

Also Available: Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2882A (Contains all materials from the teacher guide and teacher tips in electronic format only) Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2892A (A printed version of the same student handouts that are included electronically with both the Teacher Guide and Teacher Guide Flash Drive only)

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

67


Classroom Applications

Earth Science

My World GIS My World GIS is an award-winning geographic information system designed specifically for schools, featuring drag-and-drop simplicity and over 50 data libraries to get you started. Right out of the package, you can explore earthquakes, volcanoes, plate tectonics, climate, glaciers, country populations, literacy and mortality rates, and much, much more.

Explore plate tectonics with included earthquake and volcano datasets.

What’s the value of a GIS in the classroom?

My World GIS 5.0 Classroom (10-seat) License SE-7364 35-seat License SE-7365 K-12 Campus Site License SE-7366

My World GIS™ is developed by:

Whether teaching science, history or social sciences, much of the data we use is spatial – referenced to a location. With a GIS, teachers and students have the opportunity to interact with that data visually via maps – and have the power to query the wealth of data behind those maps. Ideal for: Oceanography

Environmental Science

Climatology

Physics

Biology

Social Studies

Earth Science

History

Geography My World GIS now includes live weather feed with WeatherBug!

Great for lectures or student projects

High volume and district licenses also available. See www.pasco.com/myworld for more license options. System Requirements: Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP/Vista/Windows 7, Mac OS X (Universal Binary), Linux and Solaris. Minimum of 128MB of RAM (256MB recommended).

Free 45-day trial version and GIS activity. Get them both now at pasco.com/myworld 68

PASCO.COM K SEE EARTH SCIENCE SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 74-75


NEW! USB Microscope Camera This versatile USB Microscope Camera is ideal for a variety of applications in the science classroom. Its dual-functionality means it can take pictures just like a digital camera, but it can also magnify like a microscope when it’s up close to a specimen. It is especially useful when studying things such as crystalline structure or flower parts. And you can use it to take pictures showing lab setups, such as what materials look like before and after an experiment has been performed. A Optical zoom is from 1x to 60x. A T he camera includes four white LED lights as a light source.

Basic Rock and Mineral Kit is two kits in one! Expand your studies of Earth Science with this basic rock and mineral kit, which is actually two kits in one. The rock portion of the kit includes 15 classic examples of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks, as well as an identification guide. The mineral part of the kit includes 15 different samples that can be identified by hardness, luster, streak, color, cleavage, and other characteristic properties. It also includes a streak plate, hand lens, and mineral identification guide.

A It can be used as a web camera. A I t works well with PASCO’s SPARKvue and Capstone software.

Image captured from USB Microscope Camera, allowing students to study crystals found in the different rock types

This image shows a ruler without using the software, magnified about 10x. The software can magnify the image over 100x.

Basic Rock and Mineral Kit PS-2347

USB Microscope Camera PS-2343

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

69


Earth Science

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications Investigate – and map – microclimates Equip students with the Weather/Anemometer Sensor and GPS Position Sensor and send them out to explore the school surroundings. As they move throughout the campus, all their data is recorded and location-referenced. Have them explore asphalt parking lots, buildings that block breezes, open fields, heavily shaded areas, even small bodies of water or the outdoor pool. Open the data in My World GIS and see it overlayed on an aerial photo of the school grounds, which sets the foundation for discussing microclimates and the factors affecting them. Use the data as the basis for discussing influences on different microclimates, as well as regional and global climate investigation.

Students explore their school surroundings with the Weather/Anemometer and GPS Position Sensors – all the data is tagged with GPS coordinates for automatic mapping in My World GIS.

Weather/Anemometer

GPS Position Sensor

PS-2174

PS-2175

Includes Sensor Extension Cable

The Weather/Anemometer measures temperature, barometric pressure, relative and absolute humidity, dew point, wind speed, wind gust and wind chill – all with just one sensor.

Includes Sensor Extension Cable

Using the bird’s eye view of student-collected data, have students reflect on and present the factors that may contribute to different microclimate conditions.

70

PASCO.COM K SEE EARTH SCIENCE SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 74-75


Scaffold to regional and global climate studies

46 49 65

62 72

66 65

With WeatherBug’s real-time data and satellite imagery, you can bring the weather-making headlines right into your classroom.

Connect your discussions of local and regional weather to regional and global climate patterns using the included datasets in My World.

SEE LIVE REGIONAL WEATHER DATA Build on your students’ understanding of microclimates by connecting to live weather data in your region. Your license of My World GIS now includes a live feed of weather data from over 8,000 weather stations around the globe. This WeatherBug service includes: A Real-time weather data

My World GIS 5.0

A High-resolution weather satellite overlays

Classroom (10-seat) License SE-7364 35-seat License SE-7365 K-12 Campus Site License SE-7366

A Forecasts and weather alerts for instant storm feedback

Use My World GIS and live WeatherBug data to investigate local weather and connect it to regional and national scales – all in real time. Identify high and low pressure centers, air masses and movement, fronts and frontal movement, and even severe weather events. Take advantage of the passing storm to create a compelling learning experience. Explore the many variables that influence weather such as local geography, altitude, time of year, pressure, ocean currents, geographic features and more.

A WEALTH OF REAL-TIME DATA The real-time weather data from WeatherBug features over 20 parameters including: A Pressure and change in pressure A Temperature and change in temperature A Humidity, change in humidity, and dew point

High volume and district licenses also available. See pasco.com/myworld for more license options.

A Wind speed, direction and gust A Light level A Daily rainfall A Infrared satellite, current radar, and visible overlays A Heat index and wind chill

System Requirements: Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP/Vista/Windows 7, Mac OS X (Universal Binary), Linux and Solaris. Minimum of 128MB of RAM (256MB recommended).

A National Weather Service alerts

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

71


Earthlabs Science

Solutions Ordering Guide

labs

1 Choose your content. labs

n 3 9 FREElabs SPARKlabs (see page 64) m Earth’s Magnetic Field PS-2084 m Greenhouse Gases PS-2085 m Seafloor Dynamics PS-2086

Also Available:

labs

n Earth labs Science Teacher Guide

SPARKlabs are available for purchase at the SPARKlab Online Library: pasco.com/sparklabs

PS-2872B (page 66)

Also Available: m Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2882A m Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2892A

2 Add sensor bundles or individual sensors. n Earth Science Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2922 (page 67) Water Quality Sensor PS-2169

See Teacher Guide lab list page 66 and SPARKlab list page 64

n Earth Science Standard Sensor Bundle PS-2929A (page 67) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Water Quality Sensor PS-2169 Light Sensor PS-2106A Weather/Anemometer PS-2174 GPS Position Sensor PS-2175 Turbidity Sensor PS-2122 Soil Moisture Sensor PS-2163 Magnetic Field Sensor PS-2112

See Teacher Guide lab list page 66 and SPARKlab list page 64

1

2

3

4

5

6

Individual Sensors n Fast Response Temperature Probes (3) (page 213) PS-2135

n Salinity Sensor (page 86) PS-2195

n Flow Rate/Temperature Sensor (page 189) PS-2130

n Soil Moisture Sensor (page 86) PS-2163

n GPS Position Sensor (page 70) PS-2175

n Stainless Steel Temperature Probe (page 213) PS-2153

n Light Sensor (page 196) PS-2106A

n Turbidity Sensor (page 215) PS-2122

n Magnetic Field Sensor (page 199) PS-2112

n Water Quality Sensor (page 85) PS-2169

n Non-Contact Temperature Sensor (page 89) PS-2197

n Weather/Anemometer (page 70) PS-2174

n pH Sensor (page 202) PS-2102

n Weather Sensor (page 218) PS-2154A

74

PASCO.COM

7


3 Select your data collection system. Use with your computer.

Use as a standalone or with your computer. Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

n SPARK Science Learning System™

Use with your iPad or Android tablet. Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

n SPARKvue® Site License

PS-2008A

+

n SPARKvue HD for iPad

PS-2400

n SPARKlink®

or n SPARKvue HD for Tablet

PS-2009

+

add a Bluetooth interface

n AirLink 2 PS-2010

or

New this year

n SPARKlink Air PS-2011

Available Spring 2013

4 Select additional apparatus. n Atmospheric Properties Chamber (page 73) ME-6813A n Density Circulation Model (page 72) ME-6816 n EcoChamber (page 88) ME-6667 n EcoZone™ System (page 91) ME-6668 n ezSample™ Field Titrator Kits (page 84) • Alkalinity EZ-2340 • Carbon Dioxide EZ-2341 • Total Hardness EZ-2338 n ezSample™ Snap Vials (page 84) • Ammonia EZ-2334 • Chlorine EZ-2339 • Iron EZ-2331 • Nitrate EZ-2333A • Phosphate EZ-2337

WE CAN HELP

n kena® Digital Microscope (page 93) SE-7236 n ken-a-vision® Digital Monocular Comprehensive Scope 2 (page 232) SE-7246 n My World GIS 5.0 10-seat classroom license (page 71) SE-7364 n My World GIS 5.0 35-seat license (page 71) SE-7365 n My World GIS 5.0 K-12 campus site license (page 71) SE-7366 n Photosynthesis Tank (page 33) PS-2521A n Sensor Extension Cable (page 218) PS-2500 n USB Camera (page 69) PS-2343

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

75


Environmental Science

PASCO’s 21st Century Solutions for Environmental Science PASCO’s sensors and SPARKvue software make collecting reliable data in the field a breeze. Measuring water quality metrics, location data, and enhanced visual observation are all possible with one easy-to-use toolset. For controlled experiments, model ecosystems in PASCO’s EcoZone™ System that works with probeware! In the following Environmental Science section, you will find instructional resources, plus a wealth of inquiry-based, hands-on activities and classroom applications.

Index to Environmental Science Solutions SPARKlabs for Environmental Science ....................78 Sensor Bundle for Environmental Science SPARKlabs ...............................................................79 Advanced Environmental Science Teacher Guide ..........................................................80 Advanced Environmental Science Sensor Bundles .......................................................81 Water Quality Field Guide .......................................82 Water Quality Sensor Bundles ................................83 Environmental Science Products and Classroom Applications ...........................................84 PASCO Environmental Science Solutions Ordering Guide ........................................................94 * AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

World Class Support & Professional Development Committed to Your Success

We want to provide you with all the support, guidance, and training you need. Just let us know how we can help. For more details see pages 240-243.

CONTACT US TODAY www.pasco.com

76

PASCO.COM K SEE ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 94-95


Four sensors for Environmental Science you can’t do without! Water Quality Sensor

GPS Position Sensor

PS-2169

PS-2175

(page 85)

(page 87)

Includes Sensor Extension Cable.

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Dissolved Oxygen Probe, and Conductivity Probe. The PASPORT Water Quality Sensor provides field water quality measurement in one very compact sensor module. This MultiMeasure Sensor measures water temperature, pH (acidity), dissolved oxygen, and conductivity simultaneously. No more fumbling with multiple sensors in your field studies!

Perform these labs with the Water Quality Sensor: A

Air Pollution and Acid Rain

A

Determine Soil Quality

A

Monitor Water Quality

A

Water and pH

A

Water Purification

A

Water Treatment

Use this sensor when you need to know where you are and where you are going – exactly. Record data with a wide variety of PASCO sensors to explore relationships in measurements between different locations or conditions. Study the motion of a car around a highway loop, accurately correlate weather observations with locations, and reliably locate water quality measurements along the length of a stream.

Perform these labs with the GPS Position Sensor: A

Geocaching

A

Geosphere: Ocean Floor Mapping

A

Microclimates: Exploring GPS

A

Monitoring the Quality of Water

Students explore their school surroundings using the GPS Position Sensor. Students collect several parameters with just one sensor.

Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor PS-2110

Weather/Anemometer Sensor

(page 91) Includes Sensor Extension Cable and 250-ml sampling bottle with cap.

PS-2174 (page 218)

Includes Sensor Extension Cable. More advanced than the Weather Sensor, this hand-held weather station also measures wind speed and wind chill, wind gusts, and humidity index. Use it to monitor conditions during a passing storm. By adding the GPS Position Sensor, weather patterns can be investigated over an extended area.

Perform these labs with the Weather/Anemometer Sensor: A

Atmosphere: Tracking the Weather

A

Microclimates

A

Monitor Water Quality

A

Urbanization and Land Use

A

Weather in a Terrarium

Students measure wind speed and wind chill.

The topic is in the news, and now you can study it in your classroom. Measure the concentration of CO2 gas in a closed system or in your environment. Study many topics with this versatile probe, such as CO2 uptake during photosynthesis, indoor vs. outdoor CO2 levels or air quality, and CO2 output of combustion engines.

Perform these labs with the Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor: A

Cellular Respiration

A

Fermentation

A

Metabolism of Yeast

A

Plant Respiration & Photosynthesis

A

Respiration of Germinating Seeds

A

Soil Respiration

Directly compare separate controlled environments.

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labs

labs

labs

Environmental Science labs

labs

SPARKlabs for Environmental Science: fully electronic, inquiry-based lab activities labs

For iPad, Android tablet, computer, or SPARK Science Learning System labs

SPARKlabs are educator-designed interactive lab activities that guide students through the process of inquiry and investigation, promoting critical thinking and group discussion. Each SPARKlab includes backlabs ground labs science content, setup guidance, seamless integration with data collection and analysis, embedded reflection and assessment prompts, and student journals. Think of a SPARKlab as a modern, highly interactive lab notebook that is fully contained on your iPad, Android tablet, computer, or on the SPARK Science Learning System. Then add “guide on the side” support embedded throughout the investigation process. The result is everything you need on one platform to keep students focused on learning. A central theme of PASCO’s SPARKscience is the integration of the scientific process with the learning process. Over 60 labs come free with SPARKvue software or on the SPARK Science Learning System. And the SPARKlab library continues to grow, with additional labs available for purchase and download. SPARKlabs incorporate background content, reflection prompts, and process support… everything in one place. They keep students focused on learning.

Horizon Renewable Energy SPARKlab Collection PASCO has partnered with Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies to offer this collection that includes nine renewable energy SPARKlabs. Help students develop an understanding of renewable energy with the following investigations: Solar A How heat affects energy production from a solar cell A How tilt angle of a solar panel affects energy production A How shading a solar panel affects energy production Wind A How the pitch of turbine blades affect energy production A How the surface area of turbine blades affect energy production A Understanding the effect on voltage output using different numbers of blades in a wind turbine Hydrogen Fuel Cell A Compare the voltage output of a fuel cell versus a battery A Voltage required for water decomposition

Horizon Renewable Energy SPARKlabs for High School Teacher License PS-2857 One per teacher (one license for all your classes). Includes 8 SPARKlab activities to help students develop an understanding of renewable energy.

labs

Electronic Delivery. Upon purchase, download to your computer.

For a complete list of all SPARKlabs go to pasco.com/sparklabs

More SPARKlabs for Environmental Science NEW SPARKlabs are available for purchase and download at the SPARKlab Library. For a complete list of all SPARKlabs, go to

pasco.com/sparklabs

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Biofuels from Fermentation

Plant Metabolism and the Carbon Cycle

Toxicology Using Yeast

Explore how changing one or more variables can alter the rate of ethanol production.

Students measure and compare CO2 consumption during photosynthesis and CO2 production during respiration.

Use sensors and an EcoChamber to demonstrate how yeast cells serve as a model to assess chemical hazards.

(Ethanol Sensor)

PS-2089

(CO2 Sensor)

PS-2087

(pH and CO2 Sensors)

PS-2088

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Inside a SPARKlab: labs

Horizon SPARKlab Activity: The Effect of Tilt Angle on Solar Panels

In this SPARKlab activity, students will learn from their own collected data that the more directly sunlight strikes the solar cell, the greater the voltage output. The setup is simple and can be done indoors (with lamps) or outdoors under sunlight. As students understand how the angle of sunlight affects solar power production capability, they can begin to explore means of maximizing this directly-overhead exposure. What orientation should the cell have to maximize its exposure to direct (perpendicular) sunlight? What could be done to increase the time during the day when a cell is receiving optimum sunlight? Discuss differences in orientation for solar cells depending on geographic region and season.

Students investigate the relationship between the voltage produced and the angle of the solar panel. Knowing the relationship between the angle of the sun relative to the panel is an important consideration in building any solar electrical system.

Just one of eight SPARKlabs in the Horizon Renewable Energy SPARKlabs for High School collection.

Horizon Renewable Energy Kit SE-7238 Includes wind turbine, 18 long curved blades ( 3 sets of different curvatures), 3 long flat blades, 3 short flat blades, reversible Fuel Cell module, Gas/Water storage module, small motor with propeller, 1 W Solar Cell, AA battery pack and 2 pairs of banana plug cables.

Topic-specific SPARKlabs guide students through investigations of Solar, Wind and Hydrogen Fuel Cell technologies.

The maximum voltage output is when the light strikes perpendicular to the surface of the solar cell, which maximizes the amount of light energy available.

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Environmental Science

Advanced Environmental Science Teacher Guide Lab activities and guide designed for teacher and student success

A T his standards-based, Advanced Environmental Science Guide has been designed by educators and includes core activities from every topics area in the AP* course outline. A T he topics are correlated to the national science standards and cover: earth systems and resources, the living world, population, energy resources and consumption, and pollution. A T he lab activities engage students as they make predictions, use critical thinking skills to solve sequencing challenges, and answer questions embedded throughout each activity. A M ultiple-choice questions bridge the gap between “lecture and lab” and help students gain confidence for the AP exam. A T he guide includes assessment, as well as a flash drive with teacher tips, the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts. A I t supports use of SPARKvue, SPARKvue HD, the SPARK Science Learning System, and Xplorer GLX.

Perform these 27 challenging AP* and Advanced Environmental Science labs using the Teacher Guide and these sensors… CO2 Sensor Cellular Respiration and Carbon Cycle CO2 Sensor + Water Quality Sensor Determining Soil Quality Toxicology Using Yeast Yeast Respiration Fast Response Temperature Probe Energy Content of Food GPS Sensor + Light Sensor + Stainless Steel Temperature Probe + My World GIS Biodiversity and Invasive Species L GIS+ Biodiversity and Native Species L GIS+ GPS Sensor + My World GIS Survivorship and Mortality Curves: Cemetery Dynamics GPS Sensor + Weather/Anemometer + My World GIS Urbanization and Land Use Light Sensor + Fast Response Temperature Probe Sunlight, Intensity, Reflectivity Light Sensor + Weather/Anemometer Weather in a Terrarium

My World GIS Acid Deposition and Natural Water Bodies Ecological Niche: Coral Reefs L GIS Global Resources and Energy Consumption L GIS Human Population Dynamics L GIS Plate Tectonics L GIS Pollution and Harmful Algal Blooms L GIS Wind Power: Where Do We Build? L GIS

Water Quality Sensor + Turbidity Sensor + Weather/Anemometer + GPS Sensor (optional) Monitoring Water Quality Weather/Anemometer Monitoring Microclimates

O2 Gas Sensor + CO2 Gas Sensor + Temperature Sensor Photosynthesis and Cell Respiration in a Terrarium O2 Gas Sensor + CO2 Gas Sensor + Water Quality Sensor + Weather/Anemometer + Colorimeter Modeling an Ecosystem Stainless Steel Temperature Probe Insolation and the Seasons Investigating Specific Heat Turbidity Sensor + Water Quality Sensor Water Treatment Water Quality Sensor Air Pollution and Acid Rain Photosynthesis and Primary Productivity

L GIS (Exploration using My World GIS software) L GIS+ (Includes student-collected data using sensors and explorations in My World GIS software)

* AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

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Advanced Environmental Science Bundles *

The equipment you need for AP & Advanced Environmental Science Teacher Guide labs Advanced Environmental Science Standard Sensor Bundle (Allows you to perform all 27 lab activities) PS-2930 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

1

2

3

5

Light Sensor PS-2106A Turbidity Sensor PS-2122 GPS Position Sensor PS-2175 Weather Sensor PS-2154A Oxygen Gas Sensor PS-2126A Water Quality Sensor PS-2169 Carbon Dioxide Sensor PS-2110

4

6

7

My World GIS 5.0 Classroom (10-seat) License SE-7364 35-seat License SE-7365 K-12 Campus Site License SE-7366

High volume and district licenses also available. See www.pasco.com/myworld for more license options.

System Requirements: Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP/Vista/Windows 7, Mac OS X (Universal Binary), Linux and Solaris. Minimum of 128MB of RAM (256MB recommended).

Advanced Environmental Science Teacher Guide PS-2878B Includes a printed manual and flash drive. Manual contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips, a PDF of the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts.

Also Available: Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2888A (Contains all materials from the teacher guide and teacher tips in electronic format only) Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2898A (A printed version of the same student handouts that are included electronically with both the Teacher Guide and Teacher Guide Flash Drive only)

* AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

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Environmental Science

Water Quality Field Guide Educator-designed, student-tested. The Water Quality Field Guide is a combination “how-to” and “why?” reference. It covers how to plan for and successfully measure water quality in the field, and it explains why these measurements are important and what they mean.

Covers 16 Water Quality Parameters: 8 Sensor-Based Parameter Measurements

8 Chemical-Based Parameter Measurements

Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) Conductivity Dissolved Oxygen pH Salinity Stream Flow Rate Temperature Turbidity

Ammonia Chlorine Dissolved Carbon Dioxide Iron Nitrate Phosphate Total Alkalinity Total Hardness

5 key questions for each parameter: A What to observe and how to interpret? A What is it? A Why measure it? A What factors affect its values? A What are ideal values for it?

My World GIS 5.0 Classroom (10-seat) License SE-7364 35-seat License SE-7365 K-12 Campus Site License SE-7366

High volume and district licenses also available. See pasco.com/myworld for more license options. See page 230 for more information.

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Mobile Water Quality Sensor Bundle

Allows you to perform all 8 sensor-based parameter measurements

PS-2612A 1. Water Quality Field Guide PS-2829A 2. Water Quality Sensor PS-2169 3. Thermocline Sensor PS-2151 4. Turbidity Sensor PS-2122 5. Weather Sensor PS-2154A 6. Flow Rate/Temperature Sensor PS-2130

Water Quality Field Guide includes an electronic version of materials (MS Word) on a USB flash drive.

1

2

3

4

5

6

Water Quality Field Guide PS-2829A Includes the spiral-bound Field Guide and an electronic version of editable MS Word files on a USB flash drive.

Need extra copies?

Although the Water Quality Field Guide is included in the above sensor bundle, we realize you may wish to order separately.

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Environmental Science

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Chemical Water Quality Testing in the Field PASCO’s ezSample water quality test kits simplify the chemical testing of water sources. Avoid the mess and difficulty of handling chemicals directly and get great results, even in the field.

ezSample™ Snap Vial Kits Ammonia EZ-2334 Chlorine EZ-2339 Iron EZ-2331 Nitrate EZ-2333A Phosphate EZ-2337

Each Kit Contains 30 tests. Requires: Water Quality Colorimeter PS-2179 Snap tip of the vial and...

...sample instantly flows into tube, mixing with the reagent.

Place in Water Quality Colorimeter and read your results.

Colorimetric Analysis Conduct colorimetric tests in the field and avoid the mess and tedium of mixing chemicals. These ezSample Snap Vials contain a pre-formulated reagent to test a variety of water quality parameters. No more guessing at color variations—drop the vial into the Water Quality Colorimeter and read the concentration.

Water Quality Colorimeter PS-2179 Includes Sensor Extension Cable.

Iron concentration using ezSample Snap Vial and Water Quality Colorimeter.

Titration in the field PASCO also simplifies measurements that require a titration method. The ezSample Field Titrators contain a vacuum-sealed quantity of a titrant. The entire process requires only a minute or two, is completely portable, and avoids all the setup and cleanup associated with ordinary titrations.

ezSample™ Field Titrator Kits Alkalinity EZ-2340 Carbon Dioxide EZ-2341 Total Hardness EZ-2338

Each Kit Contains 30 tests.

Begin titrating by gently squeezing the lever to draw in your sample.

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In this titration for Alkalinity, color initially changes to pink.

On final color change, turn titrator over and measure concentration using built-in scale. That’s it!

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Water Quality Sensor – a “Best in Field” Easy, accurate, and ready for your field studies The PASPORT Water Quality Sensor provides field water quality measurement in one very compact sensor module. This MultiMeasure Sensor measures water temperature, pH (acidity), dissolved oxygen, and conductivity simultaneously. No more fumbling with multiple sensors in your field studies!

Water Quality Sensor PS-2169 Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Dissolved Oxygen Probe, and Conductivity Probe.

Convenience in field measurement – the Water Quality Sensor captures 4 important measurements at once: dissolved oxygen, pH, conductivity, and temperature.

Now connect your data to the real world Map your data in My World GIS Collecting data is just part one. To take a water quality investigation to the next level, students must understand what their data means in the context of its surroundings. Map your water quality data on aerial images and topographic maps using My World GIS—just collect your water quality data along with our GPS Position Sensor, and you instantly put it in context! (See page 230 for details.)

Students collect several parameters with just one sensor – the Water Quality Sensor simultaneously collects pH, dissolved oxygen, conductivity and temperature.

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Student-collected pH data along a stream near a preserve. In mapping the data, students can discover potential sources of pollutants affecting stream health, including in this case runoff from local farms.

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Environmental Science

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Investigate soil science Soil moisture plays an important role in soil science, hydrology, and agriculture studies, since soil moisture is essential to plant growth and soil stability. The soil moisture for a given area is dependent on many factors, including the availability of water and the type and composition of the soil. Students can use the Soil Moisture Sensor in field measurements to help determine if a soil is a good candidate to support a certain crop or plant type. By comparing different soil types, students can construct a soil moisture map of the area and decide where the best location is for agriculture or for a building. Students can also investigate the connection between soil moisture and transpiration. Under normal conditions the plants pull their moisture from the soil. With the Soil Moisture Sensor, students can investigate the rate at which moisture is removed from the soil in various conditions.

Study soil conditions in different settings to identify optimal environments for different plant species.

Soil Moisture Sensor PS-2163

Soil moisture data over time

Explore saltwater environments With PASCO’s new Salinity Sensor you now can explore your local coastal ecosystems. Study estuaries and even ocean and brine environments. Explore transition areas where fresh water and salt water mix — even map them for yourself using the GPS Position Sensor and My World GIS. The Salinity Sensor is calibrated to global standards — once you have identified the salinity of your local ecosystem, you can compare your data to similar saltwater ecosystems around the world.

Salinity level of sample taken from a bay

Salinity Sensor PS-2195

FEATURES A Measures salinity, conductivity and temperature A A utomatically temperature-compensates based on Practical Salinity Standard

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Map your water quality data When collecting water quality data out in the field, why not view it on a map? Use our GPS Position Sensor to collect GPS data simultaneously with other sensor measurements, automatically synching the data to your latitude, longitude, and altitude. Collect data with confidence! Our highly sensitive GPS receiver can track satellites even under tree canopies often found along rivers. Ready to map your data? Just open your data in My World GIS and you can visualize your data on topographic maps, aerial photos, and more. Even add annotations—including videos and photographs of the local environment. Annotation flags are easily accessible via clickable hotspots on your map. Samples of ammonia collected along a creek running from a golf course and through a development. Note the high concentrations of ammonia begin to dissipate as the creek leaves the development for open space.

Annotate your map with photos or videos – visually document site conditions including possible sources of contamination or physical changes between sample dates.

Connect your GPS Position Sensor when you’re in the field and all your collected data is automatically paired to GPS coordinates.

GPS Position Sensor

My World GIS 5.0

PS-2175

Classroom (10-seat) License SE-7364 35-seat License SE-7365 K-12 Campus Site License SE-7366

Includes Sensor Extension Cable.

High volume and district licenses also available. See pasco.com/myworld for more license options. See page 230 for more information.

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Environmental Science

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications Build a greenhouse gas model While global warming is debated in the headlines, this activity gives students an opportunity to learn for themselves something about the debate. Students create a model environment with the EcoChamber, which supports sensor-based measurement of a closed system. This environment is monitored by a Fast Response Temperature Probe as the lamp’s “sun energy” is absorbed by the rocks, re-radiated into the chamber, and absorbed by the gas in the chamber. Students first run a trial with normal environmental air (the control), then a second trial after spraying computer duster into the environment. This spray (difluoroethane) is a very efficient – yet “ozone-friendly” – greenhouse gas, and students will see the significant difference in temperature increase between the two trials. This activity provides a great foundation for further exploration of greenhouse gas and the effect of man-made gases on the environment. Students can connect to the Law of Unintentional Consequences.

Greenhouse Gases SPARKlab now available! See page 64 or go to pasco.com/sparklabs Canned dust remover is an efficient greenhouse gas. By filling the EcoChamber, students can model the greenhouse effect caused by the earth/sun relationship.

EcoChamber ME-6667 Includes acrylic chamber, 7 stoppers of various sizes, 5 probe stoppers, 20 cc calibrated syringe and sample tube with connector.

Two trials – one control, one with greenhouse gas. The greenhouse-gas trial resulted in a higher temperature and a longer cooling-off period.

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Measure energy consumption

Watt Meter SE-7237

Build an awareness of how everyday appliances consume energy. Use this Watt Meter in class with appliances you provide, or send the Watt Meter home with your students to perform home energy audits. They’ll be surprised to find the “vampire” sources of energy consumption — even when appliances (such as TVs) are turned off. Displays Voltage, Amps, Watts, Hertz, records cumulative Kilowatt Hours and even calculates appliance energy costs.

Sorry, not available in 220 voltage

How much energy do common household appliances use — even when not in use?

Non-Contact Temperature The Non-Contact Temperature Sensor allows the measurement of surface temperatures without direct contact — for both safety and convenience.

Investigate how different materials heat up under direct energy from the sun, or try to discern the inner structure of an exterior wall by measuring and mapping temperatures across its surface. Even compare surface temperatures at different locations on the body.

Non-Contact Temperature Sensor PS-2197

Energy audits of home and school buildings are easy — create profiles of heat loss or heat absorption with just a scan. Recommended: Sensor Extension Cable PS-2500

Students creating a heat profile of a building wall.

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Profile of an outside wall shows the clear increase in heat loss by the window.

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Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Environmental Science

PASCO EcoZone System ™

Create and monitor models of the environment Understanding interactions within and between environmental systems is essential in environmental science studies. The carbon and nitrogen cycles, the water cycle, and the flow of energy are fundamental, yet often difficult to grasp. The EcoZone System gives students the means to create their own model environments, configured from the start for continuous, real-time measurement. With three interconnected chambers, students can model the interactions between three different ecosystems. Choose a terrestrial, aquatic, and decomposition chamber, or create unique biomes to model and measure. Decouple the system for isolated investigations. For example, how does light affect the ecosystem? Students can create two identical ecosystems, then vary light conditions and collect solid quantitative data.

Isolate ecosystems for comparison studies. Here the impact of animals on carbon dioxide production is explored in two separate ecosystems – one with crickets, one without.

The openings within the chambers allow air to circulate, and the included cord efficiently “wicks” water between chambers, if desired. Additionally, ions are transported through the cord, so dissolved materials move from the terrestrial chamber, too!

The PASCO Difference A Your measurements have minimal impact on the system because it remains closed! A Custom-built to easily accommodate PASCO’s line of over 70 sensors. A Individual chambers easily decoupled for studies of single ecosystems.

Students observe the photosynthesis cycle and its effect on carbon dioxide, plus the contribution of the crickets’ higher carbon dioxide production (through respiration).

Dual Humidity Sensor reports temperature and absolute and relative humidity, while the Soil Moisture Sensor provides water content of the soil in this ecosystem.

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Create stand-alone environments or interconnected environments. Here, this single EcoChamber is monitored by the Dual Humidity and Soil Moisture Sensors.

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Designed for measurement The EcoZone System is designed specifically to accommodate PASPORT Sensors for effective, sensor-based measurement of your model environment. Select from a wealth of sensor measurements for monitoring soil, oxygen, carbon dioxide, water quality, and ecosystem “weather”conditions. Even use the included syringe to extract water samples for chemical-based testing using the ezSample Water Quality Test Kits. Our new Dual Humidity Sensor is designed to support monitoring multiple environments simultaneously, and its small size makes it perfect for measuring conditions in the chambers. Compare humidity conditions in two connected chambers, at different locations within a single chamber, or in two completely isolated chambers.

Easily create interconnected ecosystems (aquatic, terrestrial and decomposition) with live, continuous sensor monitoring.

Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor

Dual Humidity Sensor

EcoZone™ System

PS-2110

PS-2156

ME-6668

Includes Sensor Extension Cable and 250-mL sampling bottle with cap.

Includes 2 probes, to measure humidity and temperature in two locations at the same time.

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Includes 3 EcoChambers, tray, rubber stoppers, syringe, plastic tubing and wicking cord.

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Environmental Science

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

How toxic is a pollutant? To understand toxicity, scientists need to conduct tests on living organisms. In this lab activity from the Advanced Environmental Science Teacher Guide, yeast cells are used to test the toxicity of two pollutants on a living organism. Students will introduce two pollutants: half-strength bleach and full-strength vinegar and compare the results. Scientists typically measure toxin strength in terms of: Lethal Dose (LD50 -50% of organisms are killed) or

Effective Dose (ED50 -50% of organisms are cellularly inhibited).

Students will measure the carbon dioxide production rate to determine whether the yeast cells are metabolically active, and as a result find the Effective Dose (ED50 ) for each toxin (in mL/L).

Both bleach (blue line) and vinegar (red line) reduce the rate of carbon dioxide production, but even at half strength the bleach proves to be significantly more toxic than vinegar. Students will next plot the rate of carbon dioxide production against dosage of the toxin to determine the Effective Dose (ED50 ).

SPARKlab: Toxicology Using Yeast Teacher License PS-2088 One per teacher (one license for all your classes) In this SPARKlab, using a magnetic field sensor, students investigate magnetism and explore the Earth’s magnetic field. They use this knowledge to model properties of Earth’s magnetic field in open inquiry. See page 133.

Students create a closed system containing cultured yeast cells in a solution. They use an EcoChamber – which supports sensor monitoring of a closed environment – and add sensors to measure carbon dioxide gas and pH as they add controlled doses of the pollutants (bleach or vinegar).

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Electronic Delivery. Upon purchase, download to your computer.

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New! SPARK and SPARKvue now support digital microscopes SPARKvue’s new digital imaging capabilities support a wide variety of USB imaging devices, including most modern digital microscopes and webcams. Don’t have a computer? No problem—use SPARK Science Learning System and get all the advantage of digital microscopy. No need for your students to learn a new software just for microscopy— collect sensor data and capture and analyze images all in your SPARKvue software. Make measurements right on the screen. Use digital zoom for even more magnification. Add labels using the text tool. Annotate, highlight, and more!

Use the SPARKvue software to capture images and add drawing and text annotations.

Use in the lab or — with the removable camera head and your SPARK Science Learning System — take it to the field.

kena® Digital Microscope SE-7236 Includes a removable camera/magnification head, touch tube (for placing the microscope flush against specimens), sturdy metal base, and convenient carry/storage bag. Magnification: 20X, 40X, 100X.

For use with SPARKvue: Requires a SPARK Science Learning System or a USB port on a computer (Mac or Windows) with SPARKvue version 1.3 or later.

With a quick calibration the SPARKvue software can make onscreen measurements, making the microscopic meaningful for students.

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Solutions Ordering Guide

Environmental Science

1 Choose your content. labs

n 3 Horizon Renewable Energy SPARKlabs PS-2857 (page 78) m Biofuels from Fermentation (Ethanol Sensor) PS-2089 m Plant Metabolism and the Carbon Cycle (CO2 Sensor) PS-2087 m Toxicology Using Yeast (pH and CO2 Sensors) PS-2088 n Advanced Environmental Science Teacher Guide

Also Available:

SPARKlabs are available for purchase at the SPARKlab Online Library: pasco.com/sparklabs

PS-2878B (page 80)

Also Available: m Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2888A m Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2898A

2 Add sensor bundles or individual sensors. n Advanced Environmental Science Standard Sensor Bundle PS-2930 (page 81) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Light Sensor PS-2106A Turbidity Sensor PS-2122 GPS Position Sensor PS-2175 Weather Sensor PS-2154A Oxygen Gas Sensor PS-2126A Water Quality Sensor PS-2169 Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor PS-2110 1

2

3

4

5

6

7

See Advanced Environmental Science lab list on page 80 and SPARKlab list on page 78.

n Mobile Water Quality Sensor Bundle PS-2612A (page 83) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Water Quality Field Guide PS-2829A Water Quality Sensor PS-2169 Thermocline Sensor PS-2151 Turbidity Sensor PS-2122 Weather Sensor PS-2154A Flow Rate/Temperature Sensor PS-2130

See Water Quality lab list on page 82 and SPARKlab list on page 78

1

2

3

4

5

6

Individual Sensors n Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor (page 91) PS-2110 n Colorimeter (page 186) PS-2121

n pH Sensor (page 202) PS-2102 n Salinity Sensor (page 86) PS-2195 n Soil Moisture Sensor (page 86) PS-2163

n Dual Humidity Sensor (page 91) PS-2156 n Ethanol Sensor (page 188) PS-2194 n Fast Response Temperature Probes (3) (page 213) PS-2135 n Flow Rate/Temperature Sensor (page 189) PS-2130 n GPS Position Sensor (page 87) PS-2175 n Light Sensor (page 196) PS-2106A n Non-Contact Temperature Sensor

(page 89)

n Oxygen Gas Sensor (page 202) PS-2126A

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PS-2197

n Stainless Steel Temperature Probe (page 213) PS-2153 n Thermocline Sensor (page 214) PS-2151 n Turbidity Sensor (page 215) PS-2122 n Water Quality Colorimeter (page 84) PS-2179 n Water Quality Sensor (page 85) PS-2169 n Weather/Anemometer (page 218) PS-2174 n Weather Sensor (page 218) PS-2154A

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


3 Select your data collection system. Use with your computer.

Use as a standalone or with your computer. Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

n SPARK Science Learning System™

Use with your iPad or Android tablet. Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

n SPARKvue® Site License

PS-2008A

+

n SPARKvue HD for iPad

PS-2400

n SPARKlink®

or n SPARKvue HD for Tablet

PS-2009

+

add a Bluetooth interface

n AirLink 2 PS-2010

or

New this year

n SPARKlink Air PS-2011

Available Spring 2013

4 Select additional items. n Aquatic Productivity Bottles (page 33) ME-6937 n EcoChamber (page 88) ME-6667 n EcoZone™ System (page 91) ME-6668 n ezSample™ Field Titrator Kits (page 84): • Alkalinity EZ-2340 • Carbon Dioxide EZ-2341 • Total Hardness EZ-2338 n ezSample™ Snap Vials (page 84) • Ammonia EZ-2334 • Chlorine EZ-2339 • Iron EZ-2331 • Nitrate EZ-2333A • Phosphate EZ-2337

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n Horizon Renewable Energy Kit (page 79) SE-7238 n kena® Digital Microscope (page 93) SE-7236 n ken-a-vision® Digital Monocular Comprehensive Scope 2 (page 232) SE-7246 n Magnetic Stirrer (page 232) SE-7700 n My World GIS 5.0 10-seat classroom license (page 81) SE-7364 n My World GIS 5.0 35-seat license (page 81) SE-7365 n My World GIS 5.0 K-12 campus site license (page 81) SE-7366 n Photosynthesis Tank (page 33) PS-2521A n Sensor Extension Cable (page 218) PS-2500 n Watt Meter (page 88) SE-7237

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Physics

PASCO’s 21st Century Solutions for Physics In the Physics classroom of today, inquiry-based, handson activities must combine with technology designed for education to keep students engaged and increase science literacy. PASCO’s STEM-based Physics solutions include topics such as mechanics, electricity and magnetism, optics, thermodynamics, waves and sound, and more. In the following Physics section, you will find instructional resources, plus a wealth of classroom applications.

Index to Physics Solutions SPARKlabs for Physics ............................................98 Sensor Bundle for Physics SPARKlabs ....................99 AP* and Advanced Physics Teacher Guide ............ 100 Advanced Physics Sensor Bundles ....................... 101 Physics through Inquiry Teacher Guide.................. 102 Physics through Inquiry Sensor Bundles............... 103 Physics Products and Classroom Applications ...... 104 PASCO Physics Solutions Ordering Guide ............ 126

* AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

World Class Support & Professional Development Committed to Your Success

We want to provide you with all the support, guidance, and training you need. Just let us know how we can help. For more details see pages 240-243.

CONTACT US TODAY www.pasco.com

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Five essentials for Physics you can’t do without! Motion Sensor

Basic PAStrack Dynamics System

PS-2103A

ME-6962

Need to know distance, velocity, or acceleration? Explore linear motion in detail with this sensor. Students can study the backand-forth motion of a cart on a track or the movement of their own bodies in the classroom. Even acceleration of a falling object due to gravity can be studied with relative ease.

Perform these labs with the Motion Sensor: A

Exploring Motion Graphs

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Speed vs. Velocity

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Acceleration

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Newton’s Second Law

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Conservation of Momentum

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Simple Harmonic Motion

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STEM Module: Egg Drop

Includes two 0.5m lengths of PAStrack, leveling feet, 2 track connectors, two adjustable end stops, two PAScars (one red, one blue), two 250g masses.

Perform these labs with the Basic PAStrack Dynamics System: A

Momentum and Impulse

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Newton’s Second Law

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Speed and Velocity

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Work and Power

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Conservation and Momentum

Want a 6 m track for an impressive momentum demonstration? Or just a 0.5 m section of track for an optics experiment? This PAStrack system gives you all the flexibility you need in the physics lab. Your PAStrack system starts at a 1.0 m track length (two 0.5 m track lengths—great for storage). Grow it when you need to—just snap together additional track segments.

Track just snaps together

Comparing the acceleration of a cart down a track at different angles takes no time at all.

Track sections just snap together for a seamless connection and can be taken apart for easy storage.

Force Sensor

Dynamics Track Optics Kit

PS-2104 Perform these labs with the Force Sensor:

Ideal for the student lab: Finger holes support hand-held applications, or mount it to a cart or a rod. An overload stop and polycarbonate case protect the unit from accidents. Measure collision forces or investigate Newton’s Third Law.

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Newton’s Third Law

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Buoyant Force

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Centripetal Force

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Impulse

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Friction

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STEM Module: Egg Drop

When students use a Force Sensor to directly pull on an object, they develop an intuitive feeling for the concept of force.

OS-8471A Includes Basic Optics Light Source, two Adjustable Lens/Mirror Holders, +100 mm, +200 mm, and -150 mm Focal Length Lenses, Viewing Screen, and three Optics Carriages.

Perform these labs with the Dynamics Track Optics Kit:

The PASCO Dynamics Track Optics Kit includes specially designed slides (carriages) that snap on the Dynamics Track. PASCO Basic Optics components attach directly to the carriage for positioning anywhere on the track. Choose from a wide range of optics components to expand your system.

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Ray Optics

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Focal Length of a Thin Lens

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Reflection and Refraction

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Mirrors and Lenses

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Light Intensity vs. Distance

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Telescopes

Ray Optics Kit OS-8516A Includes Storage Tray (doubles as water tank for Hollow Lens), Acrylic Lenses, Mirror, Acrylic Rhomboid, Hollow Lens.

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labs

labs

Physics labs

SPARKlabs for Physics: fully electronic, inquiry-based lab activities labs

For iPad, Android tablet, computer, or SPARK Science Learning System SPARKlabs are educator-designed interactive lab activities that guide students through the process of inquiry and investigation, promoting critical thinking and group discussion. Think of a SPARKlab as a modern, highly interactive lab notebook that is fully contained on your iPad, Android tablet, computer, or on the SPARK Science Learning System. Then add “guide on the side” support embedded throughout the investigation process. Add completely seamless data collection and analysis tools. The result is everything you need on one platform to keep students focused on learning. A central theme of SPARKscience is the integration of the scientific process with the learning process. Each SPARKlab includes: A background science content A setup guidance A seamless integration with data collection and analysis A embedded reflection and assessment prompts A student journals Over 60 labs (including 10 for physics) come free with SPARKvue software or on the SPARK Science Learning System. And the SPARKlab library continues to grow, with additional labs available for purchase and download.

By analyzing the graph, with the help of the embedded questions, students will determine the mathematical relationship between range and launch angle.

The SPARKlab Library Includes 10 FREE Physics SPARKlabs! Acceleration

Conservation of Energy

Newton’s First Law

Archimedes’ Principle

Electromagnetic Induction

Newton’s Second Law

(Voltage/Current Sensor) Observe the electromotive force generated by passing a magnet through a coil.

(Force and Motion Sensors) Use sensors to develop an understanding of the relationship between the net force applied to an object, the acceleration of the object, and the object’s mass.

Magnetism

Ohm’s Law

(Motion Sensor) Introduce the concept of representing motion as a change of position in a graphical form.

(Force Sensor) Explore the relationship between the volume of fluid displaced by a submerged object and the buoyant force experienced by that object.

Are You Speeding?

(Motion Sensor) Test predictions of how the speed and velocity of a cart will differ.

(Motion Sensor) Use a sensor to detect how energy is transformed in a cart and track system.

(Magnetic Field Sensor) Investigate the magnetic field strength of a permanent magnet as a function of distance from the magnet.

Voltage

(Motion Sensor) Determine the influence of force on the motion of an object and see that an object’s motion is unchanged without an external force.

(Voltage/Current Sensor) Explore both the chemical and physical production of a potential difference.

For a complete list of all SPARKlabs go to pasco.com/sparklabs

(Voltage/Current Sensor) Investigate the relationship between current, voltage, and resistance in a circuit.

SPARKlabs for Physics NEW SPARKlabs are available for purchase and download at the SPARKlab Library. For a complete list of all SPARKlabs, go to

pasco.com/sparklabs

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Position: Match Graph

Projectile Motion

Radiation

(Motion Sensor)

Students measure the range of a projectile as a function of launch angle to predict what will happen with a new set of data.

Students measure the effectiveness of different shielding materials against radioactive exposure.

PS-2081

PS-2082

Students measure back and forth motion and explore the differences between distance, position, and displacement.

(Photogates)

PASCO.COM K SEE PHYSICS SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 126-127

(Geiger-Müller Tube)

PS-2083


Inside a SPARKlab labs

labs

SPARKlab Activity: Acceleration

Students will use a cart and track to explore the concept of acceleration. In addition to helping students gain the understanding that acceleration is the rate of change in velocity, this activity will also explore the vector-nature of acceleration and frames of reference. Releasing a cart down a track outfitted with a Motion Sensor will yield a velocity vs. time graph that can be analyzed by finding the acceleration as slope of a linear fit. Investigate what happens if the car is instead pushed up the track, reaching its peak height and then allowed to fall back down.

Using the PAStrack with low-friction PAScars and a Motion Sensor, students get highly accurate, repeatable results when studying motion.

Students should recognize that the car changing direction means the velocity is both positive and negative at different points during its travel. What about the acceleration? By analyzing the graph, students will come to understand that the acceleration is constant for the entire trip.

The slope of a velocity vs. time graph yields the cart’s acceleration.

The SPARKlab Sensor Bundle The sensors you need to perform the ten FREE Physics SPARKlabs and more. Physics Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2923

See pages 126-127 for the complete Physics solution ordering guide.

1. Motion Sensor PS-2103A (page 200) 2. Voltage/Current Sensor PS-2115 (page 215) 3. Magnetic Field Sensor PS-2112 (page 199) 4. Force Sensor PS-2104 (page 190)

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Physics

Advanced Physics Teacher Guide

Lab activities and guide designed for teacher and student success A T his guide has been designed by educators and includes AP* Physics exam-inspired lab activities. A E ach lab includes analysis, synthesis, and multiple-choice questions. A T hree formats allow teachers to choose which degree of inquiry best suits their students’ needs. A L ab activities are designed to emulate the open AP Physics exam lab questions and use standard AP Physics graphical analysis techniques to simplify complex physical phenomena and mathematics.

A Suggested pre-lab discussions and activities (including student-take home assignments) help bridge the gap between lecture and lab. A The printed guide provides extended inquiry suggestions to investigate topics further. A The included flash drive contains teacher tips, the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts. A It supports the use of the 850 Universal Interface, PASCO Capstone software, SPARKvue and SPARKvue HD, the SPARK Science Learning System, and Xplorer GLX.

Perform these 31 challenging AP* and Advanced Physics labs using the Teacher Guide Mechanics Acceleration Due to Gravity Air Drag Atwood’s Machine Circular Motion Coefficients of Friction Conservation of Energy Graphical Analysis of Motion Hooke’s Law Inclined Plane - 1-D Motion Measurement Analysis Momentum & Impulse Periodic Motion Systems Projectiles - 2-D Motion Rotational Dynamics Simple Harmonic Motion and Pendulums Work and Power Fluid Mechanics Buoyant Force Static Pressure & Flow

Thermodynamics Gas Laws Thermal Expansion Water: Latent & Specific Heat Waves and Sound Resonance & Waves Wave Speed Geometric Optics Focal Length of a Lens Index of Refraction Interference & Diffraction Spherical Mirror Reflection

New for Advanced Physics... PASCO Capstone Software and the 850 Universal Interface

See pages 123-125 for information.

Electricity and Magnetism Electric Field Mapping Magnetic Fields Ohm’s Law & Resistors RC Circuits

* AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

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Advanced Physics Bundles

The equipment you need for AP* & Advanced Physics Teacher Guide labs Advanced Physics Standard Sensor Bundle (Allows you to perform all 31 lab activities in the teacher guide) PS-2932A 1. Freefall Adapter ME-9207B 2. Photogate Head (2) ME-9498A 3. Motion Sensor PS-2103A 4. High Sensitivity Light Sensor PS-2176 5. Magnetic Field Sensor PS-2112 6. Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor PS-2113A 7. Stainless Steel Temperature Probe PS-2153 8. High Resolution Force Sensor PS-2189 9. Rotary Motion Sensor PS-2120 10. Absolute Pressure/Temperature Sensor PS-2146 11. Voltage/Current Sensor PS-2115 Digital Adapter (not shown) PS-2159 Sensor Extension Cable (not shown) PS-2500

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New for AP* and Advanced Physics! AP * and Advanced High School Physics Equipment Bundle (Allows you to perform all 31 lab activities) PS-2944 Mechanics

Thermodynamics,

Mini Rotational Accessory CI-6691 Photogate Mounting Bracket ME-6821A Mini Projectile Launcher ME-6825A PAStrack Curved Track ME-6841 PAStrack Dynamics System ME-6961 Discover Friction Accessory ME-8574 Water Reservoir ME-8594 Photogate Pendulum Set ME-8752 Discover Collision Bracket ME-8973A Super Pulley with Clamp ME-9448B Pendulum Clamp ME-9506 Cart Picket Fence ME-9804 Photogate Bracket ME-9806 Discover Centripetal Force Kit ME-9837 Discover Density Set SE-9719A

Specific Heat Set SE-6849 Steam Generator TD-8556A Hot Plate SE-8830 Calorimeter Cups (Foam) TD-8825A Computer-based Thermal Expansion TD-8579A

Optics and Waves

Dynamics Track Optics System OS-8471A Sensor-based Diffraction System OS-8455A Ray Table OS-8465 Concave Mirror Accessory OS-8532 Snakey Spring SE-7331 Tuning Fork Set (8) SE-7342

Supplies

Stopwatch ME-1234 Carbon Paper SE-8693 Balance SE-8707 Calipers SE-8710 Meter Stick 4-scale SE-8695 Patch Cords SE-9750 Alligator Clip Adapters (4) SE-9756 1000 mL Beaker, mass sets, string, rods, clamps, and stands

Electricity and Magnetism

AC/DC Electronics Laboratory EM-8656 Electric Field Mapper PK-9023 Primary and Secondary Coil Set SE-8653 DC Power Supply SE-8828

Advanced Physics Teacher Guide PS-2879B Includes a printed manual and flash drive. Manual contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips, a PDF of the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts.

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Also Available: Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2889A (Contains all materials from the teacher guide and teacher tips in electronic format only) Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2899A (A printed version of the same student handouts that are included electronically with both the Teacher Guide and Teacher Guide Flash Drive only)

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Physics

Physics through Inquiry Teacher Guide Lab activities and guide designed for teacher and student success A This standards-based, STEM-focused guide has been designed by educators. A C ore topic areas include mechanics, electricity and magnetism, optics, and thermodynamics. A T he lab activities engage students as they make predictions, collect real-time data, use critical thinking skills to solve sequencing challenges, and answer questions embedded throughout each activity. A Activities also help students build vocabulary skills with key term challenges. A Multiple-choice questions give students practice for standardized exams. A T he guide includes assessment and a flash drive with teacher tips, the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts. A I t supports use of the SPARK Science Learning System, SPARKvue, Xplorer GLX, or DataStudio.

Perform these 38 challenging Physics labs using the Teacher Guide Force and Motion Acceleration Archimedes’ Principle Centripetal Force Circular Motion Conservation of Energy Conservation of Momentum Hooke’s Law Impulse Momentum Introduction to Force Newton’s First Law Newton’s Second Law Newton’s Third Law Pendulum Position Match Graph Projectile Motion Relative Motion Simple Harmonic Motion Speed and Velocity Static and Kinetic Friction Work and Energy

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Electricity and Magnetism Charge & Electric Field Farady’s Law of Induction Magnetic Filed Coil Ohm’s Law Permanent Magnet RC Circuits Series & Parallel Circuits Voltage: Fruit Battery Light and Optics Inverse Square Law Polarization

Thermodynamics Absolute Zero Boyle’s Law Heat of Fusion Heat of vaporization Phase Change Specific Heat of a Metal Termperature vs. Heat Nuclear Radiation

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Physics Sensor and Equipment Bundles

The equipment you need to teach Physics through Inquiry Teacher Guide labs Physics Starter Sensor Bundle (Allows you to do 26 lab activities) PS-2923 1. 2. 3. 4.

Motion Sensor (2) PS-2103A Force Sensor (2) PS-2104 Voltage Current Sensor PS-2115 Magnetic Field Sensor PS-2112

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Physics Standard Sensor Bundle (Includes all Starter Bundle sensors and allows you to perform 37 lab activities) PS-2931A Motion Sensor (2) PS-2103A Force Sensor (2) PS-2104 Voltage Current Sensor PS-2115 Magnetic Field Sensor PS-2112 Absolute Pressure/ Temperature Sensor PS-2146 6. Stainless Steel Temperature Probe PS-2153 7. Light Sensor PS-2106A 8. Sound Level Sensor PS-2109 9. Charge Sensor PS-2132 10. Photogate Head (2) ME-9498A 11. Digital Adapter PS-2159 12. Time-of-Flight Accessory ME-6810 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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New for Physics! Inquiry-Based Physics Equipment Bundle (Includes all the lab equipment to perform 37 lab activities) PS-2945 Mechanics

Mini Launcher ME-6825A PAStrack Dynamics System ME-6961 Discover Friction Accessory ME-8574 Photogate Pendulum Set ME-8752 Discover Collision Bracket ME-8973A Angle Indicator ME-9495A Pendulum Clamp ME-9506 Variable Speed Motorized Cart (2) ME-9781 Discover Centripetal Force Kit ME-9837 Overflow Cup SE-8568

Charge Producers ES-9057C Bar Magnets (2-pk) SE-8687 Series/Parallel battery holders (10-pk) SE-8799 Student Power Supply SE-8828 200-Turn Coil SF-8609 400-Turn Coil SF-8610 800-Turn Coil SF-8611 Electrostatics Materials Kit SF-9068

Light and Sound

Thermodynamics

Steam Generator TD-8556A Absolute Zero Apparatus TD-8595 Calorimetry Cups (set of 6) TD-8825A

Basic Optics Light Source OS-8470 Dynamics Track Optics Kit OS-8472 Polarizer Set OS-8473 Basic Optics Diode Laser OS-8525A Aperture Bracket OS-8534A Sine Wave Generator WA-9867 Open Speaker WA-9900

Electricity and Magnetism

Supplies

Alnico Bar Magnets (2-pk) EM-8620 Charge/Discharge Circuit EM-8678A Neodymium Magnet EM-9980A Faraday Ice Pail ES-9042A

Plumb Bob SE-8721 Hooked Mass Set SE-8759 Meter Stick 4-scale SE-8695 Hot Plate SE-8830 Patch Cord (set of 5 red) SE-9750 Patch Cord (set of 5 black) SE-9751 Stopwatch ME-1234 Glassware, batteries, string, clamps, rods and stands

Cart Adapter Accessory ME-6743 Photogate Mounting Bracket ME-6821A Carbon Paper SE-8693 Digital Calipers SE-8710

Physics Through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2873B

Includes a printed manual and flash drive. Manual contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips, a PDF of the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts.

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Also Available: Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2883A (Contains all materials from the teacher guide and teacher tips in electronic format only) Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2893A (A printed version of the same student handouts that are included electronically with both the Teacher Guide and Teacher Guide Flash Drive only)

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Classroom Applications

Physics

The PAStrack Basic System is a must for your physics lab, providing a foundation for your lab activities throughout the year.

PAStrack Dynamics Systems – a versatile set of equipment for your physics classroom Do you want a 6.0 m track for an impressive momentum demonstration, or just a 1.0 m section of track for an optics experiment? This PAStrack system gives you all the flexibility you need in the physics lab. Your PAStrack system starts at a 1.0 m track length (2 half-meter track lengths—great for storage). Grow it when you need to—just snap together additional track segments. PAStrack is designed for lab experiments. Measure distances right on the track with its built-in scale—no need for students to fumble with meter sticks or struggle to release carts from the same position over multiple runs. Motion Sensors mount right on the track; just slide onto the end. And built-in leveling feet make good results easy to achieve. PAStrack also stands up to the demands of the high school environment. Rugged and tough, the molded plastic tracks will survive years and years of use. And the light weight, low-friction PAScars feature spring-loaded suspensions to protect them from drops or being stepped on. Extend the capabilities of your PAStrack system with a wide range of accessories, from friction, ballistic, and sail carts to an optics kit. Even make hills and valleys by adding curved sections (see page 106).

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS A Predicting acceleration A Sliding friction A Newton’s Second Law A Collisions (see the next page) A Conservation of Energy A And many more! Built-in scale

Leveling feet

Basic PAStrack Dynamics System ME-6962 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

PAStrack, 1 meter ME-6960 PAStrack Connector Clips (2) Adjustable End Stops (2) ME-8971 PAScars (set of 2) ME-6950 PAScar Masses (2) ME-6956

Also Available: PAStrack (track only) ME-6960 Extend your track an extra 1.0 m or more in 0.5 m increments.

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Simplify inclined planes The Inclined Plane Accessory for the PAStrack system allows students to convert their PAStrack into an inclined plane and accurately read the angle. A far cry from a wooden plank on a stack of books, the PAStrack Inclined Plane Accessory is simple, secure, and accurate.

Built-in elastic bumper keeps cart from flying off the end, even at higher track angles.

PAStrack Inclined Plane Accessory ME-6965

Setup shown above includes: Basic PAStrack Dynamics System ME-6962 PAStrack (extra 1.0 m track) ME-6960 Motion Sensor PS-2103A Students can easily measure the difference in slope at various angles and use the slope to find “g”.

Inclined Plane Dynamics Set ME-6966 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

PAStrack Inclined Plane Accessory ME-6965 Rubber Cord, 1.5 mm square, 30 m ME-8986 PAStrack, 1 m ME-6960 PAStrack Connectors (2) GOcar ME-6951 Super Pulley with Clamp ME-9448B Discover Friction Accessory ME-8574 Photogate Brackets (2) ME-9806 PAScar Masses (2) ME-6756 Picket Fence - Smart Timer (2) ME-8933 Dynamics Track Spring Set ME-8999 Nylon Thread Experiment Manual (not shown)

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Physics

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Will the PAScar be going any faster at the bottom if a mass is added? With the Curved PAStrack and a low friction PAScar, students can investigate the conservation of energy and answer that question.

Use your PAStrack system for Conservation of Energy A recent addition to the long line of accessories and components for the PAStrack system, the Curved Track gives your students the ability to create an ideal hill for conservation of energy experiments. By positioning a photogate at the bottom of the hill, the final velocity of a PAScar can be determined. The initial and final heights are easy to measure because upper and lower portions of the track are relatively level. Using the mass of the PAScar, the initial potential energy and final kinetic energy can be calculated. Because the PAStrack is designed for use with the low-friction PAScars, energy lost to heat will be minimal.

Finding the velocity of the PAScar at the bottom of the track allows students to calculate the final kinetic energy.

Photogate Head

Curved PAStrack

ME-9498A

ME-6841 1. Concave-up Curved Piece 2. Concave-down Curved Piece 3. PAStrack Connector Clips (2)

Also required for this set-up: Digital Adapter PS-2159 (unless 850 Universal Interface is used) Photogate Bracket (2-pack) ME-9806 Cart Picket Fences (2) ME-9804

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A Simple Accessory for Elastic Collision Studies The PASCO Discover Collision Bracket provides an easy way to increase the functionality of your PAStrack set. Designed to hold a Force Sensor at the correct height, the Discover Collision Bracket mounts in the T-slot of your PAStrack and has storage for the two included spring bumpers. Students can roll a PAScar into the spring bumpers—one soft, one firm— and the sensor will measure the force and impulse of the collision. Add mass to the cart, change the spring, or adjust the cart’s initial velocity to see how those factors affect the data collected and the graph display. Adding a Motion Sensor gives the full picture of how an impulse causes a change in momentum.

Dramatically demonstrate force and duration using the Discover Collision Bracket.

Discover Collision Bracket ME-8973

Includes 2 springs with different spring constants.

Visibly different curve shapes for different springs develop understanding of impulse.

Or Study Both Elastic and Inelastic Collisions Similar to the Discover Collision Bracket, the PASCO Force Accessory Bracket also provides the ability to mount a Force Sensor to a PAStrack. But this accessory includes clay and magnetic bumpers for a greater variety of collisions.

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS A Spring bumpers for partially elastic collisions A A rubber bumper for short, hard collisions

Force Accessory Bracket

A Collision cup and clay for totally inelastic collisions

CI-6545

A Magnetic bumpers for elastic collisions

Includes 2 spring bumpers (different spring constants), magnetic bumper, rubber bumper, clay cup and clay (for inelastic collisions), and Phillips head screwdriver.

Both accessories are great options for studying forces and impulse during collisions.

Students see the deformation of the clay, which helps them understand how the maximum force is reduced.

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Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Physics

Time of Flight

Photogate

WE SAF AR GLA ETY WH SSE EN IN S – USE

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ME -68 00

DO CAU DOW NOT TION N

BARLOO ! PR REL K OJ ! ECSH TILORT E RA LA NG UNE CH ER

Get precise measurement for the time a projectile from the Mini-Launcher is in the air. When the ball is launched, timing starts as the ball passes through a photogate. Timing stops when the projectile hits the plate of the Time-of-Flight Accessory.

Time t = 1.39 s

Time of Flight Pad

Add the Time-of-Flight Accessory and a Photogate Head to study the effects of launch angle on the time of flight.

Investigating Projectile Motion Why suffer the frustration of projectile launchers that fail to achieve consistent results? The PASCO Mini Projectile Launcher provides a low-cost way to thoroughly investigate projectile motion. With three highly repeatable launch velocities, precise launch-angle measurement, and even the ability to shoot downward, students can study the exact motion of a projectile. Mount two photogate heads to the end of the launcher and students can accurately measure the launch of velocity.

2 cm spread sideways

Students get accurate and repeatable results with the Mini Projectile Launcher.

Mini Projectile Launcher

Photogate Head

Time-of-Flight Accessory

ME-6825A

ME-9498A

ME-6810

Also Requires: Digital Adapter PS-2159 To Attach to Launcher: Photogate Mounting Bracket ME-6821A

Also Requires: Digital Adapter PS-2159

Includes launcher base, projectile balls, loading rod, safety glasses, 2-D collision accessory and manual.

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1.5 m to launch

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See static and dynamic frictional forces at work

Students observe the graph to see that force increases until the block starts moving, after which it stays constant as the block slides.

Discover Friction Accessory

Force Sensor

ME-8574

PS-2104

Includes 4 Friction Trays (1 felt, 1 cork, 2 plastic).

Simple and effective, pairing a Force Sensor and the Discover Friction Set allows students to investigate static and kinetic friction and display the results graphically. They will see that the force increases until the tray finally moves, but then it decreases and stays constant once moving. The different surfaces on the friction trays provide different coefficients of friction. Compare static and kinetic friction or investigate the coefficients of friction for different surfaces.

Finger holes are provided for hand-held use.

Bumper and Hook not shown

Measure the Force and Impulse of Jumping

Using SPARKvue students can clearly identify all parts of a jump and the forces associated with them.

The force platform can also be used to: A Investigate Newton’s Third Law using a pair of platforms pushed against one another.

Force Platform PS-2141

Students can learn the concepts of force and impulse in a very direct way – with an experiment that actively involves them. By using the Force Platform students can study the physics involved in jumping and instantly see a detailed graph showing the forces exerted over time. Easily calculate the impulse, maximum force, and a student’s hang time.

A Measure the normal force of a person riding in an elevator.

Includes 2 loops on the side to hang it on the wall.

A Perform a full Impulse-Momentum activity with a bouncing ball and a Motion Sensor.

Get students involved! Using the Force Platform makes a fun and instructive way to study force and impulse.

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Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Physics

What are the factors that influence the force needed to keep an object in circular motion? With the Discover Centripetal Force Kit and a Force Sensor students will be able to answer that question for themselves.

Learn about centripetal force in a simple, direct way. Dramatic, effective and fun – the Discover Centripetal Force Kit is all things that good science education is all about. This low-cost kit allows students to directly investigate how the factors of mass, radius and radial velocity affect the amount of centripetal force needed to keep an object moving in a circle.

Discover Centripetal Force Kit ME-9837 Includes rubber stoppers (5 sizes), plastic ties, yellow string, hollow tubes.

As the rubber stopper is swung about in a horizontal circle, students time the revolutions to find the speed. From that speed, the weight needed to balance the rotation, and the radius, the relationships of all the variables can be determined. Add a Force Sensor for even more accurate data and to create graphs for further analysis. (Use with your SPARK Science Learning System or with SPARKlink and SPARKvue on your own computer.)

By changing variables such as the mass of the stopper or the radius of the circle, students can see how the centripetal force changes.

Force Sensor PS-2104

PASCO Stopwatch ME-1234 A A A A A

Durable Simple to Use No Alarm Uses One AA Battery (included) Memory: Stores Up to Nine Event Times

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Recommended for Quantitative Measurement of Forces: Force Sensor PS-2104

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The Bicycle Gyroscope with the rotating chair gives you a perfect demonstration of angular momentum and torque.

Ask two students to rotate seemingly identical wands as rapidly as they can. No matter how strong the students are, the one rotating the red wand will always be faster.

Help Students Understand Rotational Motion

Experience Rotational Inertia

The newly redesigned Bicycle Gyroscope is perfect for getting your students engaged in understanding rotational motion. Unlike other bicycle gyroscopes, the PASCO model is extremely rugged for years of use, but also lightweight at just 6 lbs. Cushioned hand-grips, a pull-cord with handle, and an included suspension cord (for demonstrating precession) make it simple and easy to use.

FEATURES: A Cushioned hand-grips A Precision ball bearings for low friction A Non-marking rubber tire

These two wands have the same mass and the same dimensions, and yet the red wand is easier to rotate. Why? The red wand has two metal slugs near its center, while the blue wand has two similar slugs at its ends. Students get to experience for themselves that rotational inertia depends not only on the mass, but also on how that mass is distributed relative to the axis of rotation. Small openings in the wands allow students to see where the masses are located and solve the mystery.

Bicycle Gyroscope ME-6837

Rotational Inertia Wands

Includes Bicycle Gyroscope and 2 cords with handles.

ME-9847 Includes 1 red wand 1 blue wand

Recommended: Mass Set ME-6972

Rotating Chair ME-6856 Includes chair and low-friction rotating platform with leveling feet.

Specifications: Length: 1 m Ratio of blue rotational inertia to red: Approx. 6

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Physics

One Device Measures Both Tension and Angle

Tension Protractor® ME-6855

Students will finally see the relationships you’ve diagrammed on the board. A torsion spring scale and protractor cleverly integrated into one device, the Tension Protractor is ideal for teaching vectors. When students can see the change in string tension as the angle of the support strings change, they truly begin to understand the relationships. The precise scale can be used for conceptually understanding whether the tension increases or decreases as the angle changes, and it also allows for calculations and mathematical analysis. Either way, vector analysis will become easy for your students when using the Tension Protractor. Since the Tension Protractor is supported on a rod, it has an advantage over other spring scales, which tend to weight down the string, changing the angle. The string is wrapped once around a small pulley that is spring-loaded. The torsion spring scale is carefully calibrated at the factory and can be zeroed by the user with a thumb screw on the back. The red arrow indicates tension and is color-coded to match the Newton scale. Even if the mounting rod is not plumb, the Tension Protractor’s degree scale can be adjusted to read 90 degrees vertically. Just rotate the outer ring until the string with a hanging mass aligns with the 90 degree indicator.

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Shown with: Large Table Clamp ME-9472 90 cm Stainless Steel Rod ME-8738 Multi-Clamp ME-9507 Hooked Mass Set SE-8759

FEATURES A A A A

Conveniently measure both tension and angle Large scale for viewing demonstrations Zero-adjust for torsion spring scale Built-in rod clamp for quick horizontal or vertical mounting

SPECIFICATIONS Force Range: 0 N to 10 N Angle Range: -90° to +90°

PASCO.COM K SEE PHYSICS SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 126-127


The New Statics System The new Statics System is a versatile lab system for demonstrating the basic concepts of vector forces, torques, center of mass, simple machines, and more. With magnetic mounting, setup is easy, as is storage. Included in the system are all the components you need for 15 experiments, including a comprehensive manual.

Accurate Spring Scale

Students can analyze forces on an inclined plane or use the balance beam to investigate torque. You can vary the force, the lever arm, and the angle. Built-in scales make measurement easy.

Bubble Level

THE STATICS SYSTEM INCLUDES A Solid steel experiment board (46 cm x 46 cm) with whiteboard-type surface A Comprehensive manual A Mass set A Neodymium magnets A Accurate spring scale A Degree scale A Built-in bubble level A Magnetic mounting A Friction block A Low-friction cart A Force table A Mass hangers A Masses A Thread

Magnetic Mounting

Force Table

46 cm x 46 cm Solid Steel Board “Whiteboard� Surface

All the accessories required, including mass hangers, masses and thread.

FEATURES A A A A

Low-friction ball bearings Handle for easy placement and removal Non-slip backing Easy storage: magnetic components can be stored on back of experiment board

Statics System ME-9502 Degree Scale

Includes experiment board, components, mass set, and comprehensive manual.

Bubble Level

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Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Physics

Physics Structures Set

Impulse and Change in Momentum

The Physics Structures Set has been designed to maximize the number of different structures students can build to study and verify physics concepts. Sensors can be used to measure force, position, velocity, and acceleration. Literally in minutes, students can create their own unique apparatus to explore and measure physical quantities.

The car goes down the hill and collides with the load cell attached to the track. The area under the force vs. time curve gives the impulse and the photogate measures the speeds so the change in momentum can be calculated.

Newton’s Second Law Create an inclined plane and measure the acceleration of the car up the plane using a photogate and pulley.

Mini Car With low-friction ball bearing wheels.

Photogate Measures speed of car.

Load Cell Measures impulse.

CI Load Cell Amplifier

Spring Set

Clamp-on Super Pulley

Hooke’s Law and Oscillations The car hooked to two springs oscillates back-and-forth. Masses can be attached to the car over the pulley to cause a displacement and thus determine the effective spring constant using Hooke’s Law.

Elevator THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE: A A A

With one comprehensive set, study kinematics, momentum, energy, and rotation Build over 20 unique apparatus for learning physics Over 10 copy-ready experiments included

Velocity and acceleration (blue and red traces) are measured with the Rotary Motion Sensor as the elevator moves upward. The green trace is the Normal Force on the 1 kg mass inside the elevator.

Dual Load Cell Amplifier

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PASCO.COM K SEE PHYSICS SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 126-127


The Physics Structures Set Manual The Physics Structures Set comes with an instruction manual that includes these ten copy-ready experiments, complete with construction instructions: 1. Acceleration on an Inclined Plane 2. Newton’s Second Law 3. Projectile Motion 4. Forces in an Elevator 5. Rollercoaster 6. Centripetal Force 7. Impulse and Momentum 8. Physical Pendulum 9. Resonance 10. Work and Energy

The Physics Structures Set allows students to construct a nearly limitless array of structures and even measure forces at any point in their design.

Setting Up a Testing Station One way to save money and maximize equipment in the classroom is to have one or two sets of Load Cells and Amplifiers and use them to create testing stations. Rather than equip every group of students with sensors, you can have them build their structures and then bring the individual designs to a designated area to use the Load Cells and Amplifier for data collection. Once their force data is recorded, it can be analyzed with SPARKvue software.

Display tension and compression data from anywhere in a structure.

Fastened with thumb screws directly to I-beams, Load Cells can be placed at any location.

For many more PASCO Structures options, see www.pasco.com/structures Physics Structures Set ME-6989

Load Cell and Dual Amplifier Set PS-2206

Includes 120 I-Beams of various sizes, connectors, road bed and car, axles and instruction manual. For complete list of parts see pasco.com/structures

Includes Dual Load Cell Amplifier and 100 N Load Cell

Patents Pending

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Add a second Load Cell: 100N Load Cell PS-2200 5N Load Cell PS-2201

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Patents Pending

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Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Physics

Optimal Circuit Board for Studying DC Circuits Ohm’s Law Study Ohm’s Law using resistors and light bulbs and a Voltage/Current Sensor. The plot of voltage versus current for a resistor is a straight line. The light bulb plot is not straight because the light bulb is non-ohmic and changes resistance as it heats up.

Variable DC Voltage

The Voltage/Current Sensor is used to measure the voltage across the light bulb and the current through it during an Ohm’s Law experiment.

The Charge/Discharge Circuit provides a unique way to make a variable DC voltage source: Use the two AA batteries to charge the capacitor and then discharge it through the resistor while measuring the voltage across the resistor and the current through the resistor.

RC Circuits Discharge the capacitor through different resistors to show the effect of resistance on the time it takes the capacitor to discharge. Students learn the effect of resistance on the charging time for a capacitor.

Charge/Discharge Circuit EM-8678A Includes circuit board, 1 Farad Capacitor, 3 light bulbs, 3 resistors (10 Ω, 33 Ω, 100 Ω),), battery holders, double throw knife switch and instruction manual.

Requires AA or AAA batteries (not included)

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Voltage/Current Sensor PS-2115 Includes 2 pairs of voltage leads and 1 pair of alligator clips.

Recommended: Alligator Clip Leads (set of 10) EM-8634

PASCO.COM K SEE PHYSICS SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 126-127


Study the Magnetic Field Strength of a Coil Using a Magnetic Field Sensor and a Voltage/Current Sensor, students measure the magnetic field in the coil for a set of different currents. A plot of magnetic field vs. current shows the linear relationship between the two. Comparing the strength of the fields of different coils, students discover the linear relationship between the number of turns of wire in the coil and the magnetic field.

Students can monitor data as they measure field strength within the coil.

Students can easily measure the magnetic field in different coils with the Magnetic Field Sensor.

Coil (200 turn) SF-8609

Additional Coils Available: Coil (400 Turn) SF-8610 Coil (800 Turn) SF-8611 Coil (1600 Turn) SF-8612 Coil (3200 Turn) SF-8613

The relationship between number of windings and magnetic field strength is clear.

Student Power Supply (18 VDC, 3 A)

Magnetic Field Sensor

SE-8828

PS-2112

This high quality, compact power supply provides the DC voltage and current levels necessary for most introductory student labs.

WE CAN HELP

Recommended: Sensor Extension Cable PS-2500

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Classroom Applications

Physics

Bright Clear Waves

The Doppler Effect becomes visible as the source moves.

Patterns from a double slit help students understand interference.

The PASCO Ripple Tank is great for wave demonstrations and student experiments. The mirror reflects the waves onto the screen, so it is visible to the whole classroom. The integrated strobe stops the wave motion, so measurements can be made. Study all aspects of waves. There are plastic lenses for studying refraction and barriers for making slits for studying diffraction and interference. The instruction manual includes the following seven copy-ready experiments: 1. Reflection 2. Refraction 3. Diffraction 4. Interference 5. Image Formed by a Plane Mirror 6. Wave Speed

Refraction over a lens shape shows how waves are focused.

7. Doppler Effect Demonstration Refraction over a rhomboid shape.

FEATURES A Integrated strobe/ripple generator for simplified operation A A frequency range that includes important low frequencies to make refraction more prominent

A W hite LED light source remains cool during use, producing a bright clear wave pattern

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Ripple Tank System WA-9899 Includes tank, ripple generator, light source, mirror, projection screen, strobe mounting rod, reflectors, refractors, barriers, storage case and more. For complete information, see pasco.com

PASCO.COM K SEE PHYSICS SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 126-127


Standing Waves in Vibrating Strings PASCO’s String Vibrator creates high amplitude standing waves with crisp, clean nodes. You can run it at 60 Hz with the included power cord and vary the tension or length of the string. Or you can drive it with the Sine Wave Generator to get a series of frequencies at which the string resonates.

Bright Modular LED Strobe Although the waves in the string appear to be standing still, you can see that they are actually moving by strobing the string at a slightly different frequency from the driving frequency of the string. The PASCO LED Strobe has up to four individual LED lamps all driven by the same strobe controller. With this configuration, the whole string can be lit by distributing the LED lamps along the length of the string. Once you have a strobe, you will want to use it on many other things besides vibrating strings: vibrating tuning forks, water dripping out of a faucet, falling balls, etc. FEATURES A Adjustable light intensity A Use up to four strobes per controller A External trigger to daisy-chain multiple controllers together A Trigger strobe using external input such as a photogate

Strobe

String Vibrator

ME-6978

WA-9857

Includes control box and one modular LED strobe.

Includes string vibrator unit, constant frequency power supply (60 Hz), and wave cord (3m).

Also Available: Additional LED Strobe Module ME-6982

Recommended: Sine Wave Generator WA-9867

Sine Wave Generator WA-9867

MORE PHYSICS FROM PASCO

Includes power supply

See our 2013 Physics & Engineering Catalog for an extensive offering of physics teaching equipment and apparatus. Request your catalog today online at:

The modular strobe with four lamps distributed along the length of the string illuminates the entire string and slows the motion of the string.

pasco.com/catalog

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Classroom Applications

Physics

Use the pupil aperture to reduce the pupil size…

… or to change the shape to a cat’s eye.

Human Eye Model PASCO’s 3-D Human Eye Model is a great tool to use to study optics. It includes two lenses (the crystalline eye lens and the corneal lens) that are used to form images on the retina. The sealed tank holds water to simulate the vitreous humor. And the size and orientation of illuminated objects can be easily measured. With the Human Eye Model you can: A Study the optics of normal vision and vision correction. A Change the crystalline lens so the eye can focus on both near and far objects.

The Human Eye Model can image any illuminated picture.

A Demonstrate near-sightedness, far-sightedness, and normal vision with the movable retina. A Vary the pupil size so students can observe the change in brightness and clarity of an image as the pupil size is reduced.

Use the included syringe and water filled lens to demonstrate accommodation: Show how the eye lens changes focal length by changing its surface curvature

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Human Eye Model OS-8477A Includes molded plastic eyeball, plastic lenses (two sets of 6), pupil aperture, adjustable focal lens, retina screen, optics caliper (1), syringe, and experiment manual. A great accessory to any basic optics system

PASCO.COM K SEE PHYSICS SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 126-127


Optics at an Affordable Price Let your PAStrack Dynamics System (on page 104) become the foundation of an optics lab by adding the Dynamics Track Optics Kit. Components such as lenses, light source, and viewing screen snap directly onto the Optics Carriages and slide for positioning along the track. Along with the Ray Optics Kit, the versatile light source can be used as a tabletop ray box for studies of reflection, refraction, color addition, and Snell’s Law. The Color Mixer can also be used on the track or as a standalone to demonstrate additive color mixing.

See, test and understand how lenses work using the Dynamics Track Optics Kit.

Dynamics Track Optics Kit OS-8471A Includes Basic Optics Light Source (Point, Object, Rays, Primary Colors), two adjustable lens/mirror holders, Geometric Lens Set (+100mm, +200mm and -150mm focal length), Viewing Screen, three Optics Carriages.

Required for mounting on a PAStrack: Basic PAStrack Dynamics System ME-6962

The red filter’s spectral chart shows it transmits only red light. Students observe as the blue and green circles disappear and the overlapping areas of magenta, yellow, and white become red.

Color Mixer OS-8496 The Color Mixer has separate controls for each of the red, blue and green LEDs that allow brightness to be adjusted from off to full output. Includes: a tri-color light source, a power supply, and individual adjustments for the intensity of the super bright red, green, and blue LEDs.

There is no substitute for students actually seeing light rays interact with lenses and mirrors. This affordable Ray Optics Kit lets them do just that.

Ray Optics Kit

Color Mixer Accessory Kit OS-8495

OS-8516A

Includes: 7 Filter Cards, 11 Printed Color Cards, and a Manual with 9 Lab Activities

Includes Double-Convex Lens, Double Concave Lens, Rhomboid Triangular Mirror with Concave, Convex and Plane Reflective Surfaces, Hollow Lens to fill with air, water or other liquid.

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Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Physics

Interference and Diffraction The Sensor-Based Diffraction System enables students to scan many diffraction and interference patterns during one lab period. They can study the differences caused by changing the slit width, slit separation, and number of slits. And, with the addition of the Green Diode Laser, they can study the difference caused by changing the wavelength. In this unique scanning system, the diffraction pattern is scanned using a light sensor attached to a Rotary Motion Sensor. As the wheel on the Rotary Motion Sensor is rotated by hand, the Rotary Motion Sensor moves along a gear rack (called the Linear Translator). Students make the association between the diffraction pattern they see and the real-time graph of the light intensity versus position. Use this kit with the Dynamics Track you already have. Just add the Dynamics Track Optics Carriages.

With the added accessories a PAStrack makes an ideal optics bench for advanced studies of the properties of light.

Dynamics Track Optics Carriages OS-8472 The Dynamics Track Optics Carriages are designed to snap onto the PASCO Dynamics Track. Basic Optics components attach directly to the carriages for positioning anywhere on the track. Easy to use, even in the dark. Just rotate to next “click.”

Includes 3 carriages

With SPARKvue, patterns created by double slit interference are displayed clearly for students to see.

Sensor-based Diffraction Kit

Green Diode Laser

OS-8455A

OS-8458

Includes: High Precision Diffraction Slits OS-8453 Red Diode Laser OS-8525A Linear Translator OS-8535 Aperture Bracket OS-8534A

CLASS 2 LASER PRODUCT LASER LIGHT – DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM

Also Required: PAStrack Basic System ME-6962 (see pages 162-163) Dynamics Track Optics Kit OS-8471A (see page 168) Required for Data Collection: High Sensitivity Light Sensor PS-2176 Rotary Motion Sensor PS-2120 Sensor Extension Cable PS-2500

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CLASS 2 LASER PRODUCT LASER LIGHT – DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM

PASCO.COM K SEE PHYSICS SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 126-127


The PASCO 850 Universal Interface… The ultimate sensor interface for Physics

This is the interface with the measurement capability for any physics experiment your advanced physics students may imagine. It features: A 10 MHz sampling rate A 4 analog sensor inputs (for use with PASCO ScienceWorkshop sensors) A 4 digital sensor inputs for photogates and other timing sensors A 4 PASCO PASPORT sensor inputs for use with the sensors shown in this catalog

A A 15 watt DC to 100 kHz function generator for audio and electronic experiments A Connection to your computer is via the USB2 port. A Use with other PASPORT interfaces.

The 850 is a great value since it works with all PASCO sensors (even those produced 20 years ago) and can replace most of the equipment in your lab such as oscilloscopes, power supplies, timers, function generators, temperature meters, etc. Note: The 850 requires PASCO Capstone™ data acquisition, display, and analysis software for operation. See pages 124-125.

850 Universal Interface Specifications: 4 Analog Ports (10 MHz Sampling on 2 ports simultaneously)

For use with all analog ScienceWorkshop sensors, such as Voltage, Force, and Sound. (Not for use with CI-6552A Power Amplifier) Measurement Range: ±20 V differential input Input Impedance: 1 MΩ Input Protection: ±250 V continuous Selectable Voltage Gain: X1, X10, X100, X1000 Resolution: 14-bit, 0.01 mV

4 Photogate Ports

Digital sensors such as Photogates and Time-of-Flight plug directly into the 850 Interface. A Compatible with all ScienceWorkshop digital sensors A Sensor Connect Detection A No Digital Adapters required!

4 PASPORT Sensor Ports

Compatible with PASCO’s complete line of more than 70 PASPORT sensors. A Sample rates depend on sensors. A Sample rate of the ports can be greater than 1000 Hz.

15 Watt Function Generator

Waveforms: sine, triangle, square wave, positive and negative ramps, DC Frequency Range: 0.001 Hz to 100 kHz; 1 mHz resolution Amplitude Range: ±15 V; Resolution: 7.3 mV, 12-bit DAC. Max Output Current: 1 A at 15 V, over-current detection Selectable Short-Circuit Current Limit: 1.5 A, 1.1 A, 0.55 A Selectable Voltage Limit Selectable DC Offset Frequency Sweep Function Measure Output Current

Dual Independent High Frequency Function Generators

Independent control of frequency, waveform, and amplitude. Waveforms: sine, triangle, square wave, positive and negative ramps, DC Frequency Range: 0.001 Hz to 500 kHz; 1 mHz resolution Amplitude Range: ±10 V Resolution: 2.5 mV, 12-bit DAC. Max Output Current: 50 mA at 10 V

850 Universal Interface UI-5000

Requires: PASCO Capstone Software See pages 124-125.

Are you wondering if the 850 is right for your lab? Give us a call at 800-772-8700. We’d be happy to talk with you. WE CAN HELP

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Physics

Collect data, analyze results, and write reports PASCO Capstone software offers high power data collection and analysis to meet the needs of your most demanding labs. Display Palette Click and drag displays onto page

Use Any PASCO USB Interface

Graph Oscilloscope FFT Digits Meter Table Text Picture Video

Tools Slide Open Hardware Setup Data Summary Calibration Calculator Signal Generator Photogate Timer Setup

Create Multiple Pages

Control Bar Set Sample Rates for each Sensor, Record, Playback, Manual Sampling, Delete Runs

Customize each page to the tasks performed

PASCO Capstone electronic workbooks are easy to author and can be tailored to your classroom, so your labs will run smoothly. The key to a successful lab is a PASCO Capstone electronic workbook. These workbooks have step-by-step instructions with live embedded displays such as graphs, FFTs, oscilloscopes, and meters. They contain the theory, experiment setup, procedure, data analysis, and questions designed to get the students to think about their results. These electronic workbooks can be easily modified by teachers to fit their individual needs. A Microsoft速 Word document is also provided for each experiment.

Download Free PASCO Capstone Labs: www.pasco.com/CapstoneExperiments

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PASCO Capstone Features A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

Use with any PASCO USB interface* Webcam Video Capture and synching to data Easy-to-author multi-page workbook format Built-in calculator with trig, calculus, and logic functions Calibration wizard Multi-channel oscilloscope and FFT Photogate timer setup wizard Set sample rates on a page-by-page basis Customize toolbars to only show what is needed Site license includes full student use at home Re-play data runs Start and stop recording when specified conditions are met Use Greek, superscripts, and subscripts in text boxes Imbed equations from Word 速 equation editor

Available in Spring 2013: A A A A A

Free Update Video Analysis MAC Version Snapshot Journal 850 Universal Interface Expansion Port Control A Open Xplorer GLX files

Video Capture and Analysis Included in PASCO Capstone Software Available in Spring 2013: Analyze videos in PASCO Capstone. The intuitive user interface allows you to track more than one object, calibrate and measure lengths, and rotate the axes. Magnify the object using the built-in magnifier to identify the exact center of the object. Analysis is quick and easy.

PASCO Capstone Site License UI-5400 Install on all computers in a college department or K-12 school. Includes at-home use for students.

Software

*SPARKvuefilescannotbeopenedinPASCOCapstone,althoughtheSPARKScienceLearningSystemhandheld canbeusedasaninterfaceconnectedtothecomputerrunningPASCOCapstone.

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Also Available: PASCO Capstone Single User License UI-5401 Install on a single computer.

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Physics labs

Solutions Ordering Guide

labs

1 Choose your content. labs

n 3 10 FREE labs SPARKlabs (see page 98) m Position: Match Graph PS-2081 m Projectile Motion PS-2082 m Radiation PS-2083

Also Available:

SPARKlabs are available for purchase at the SPARKlab Online Library: pasco.com/sparklabs

n Physics through Inquiry Teacher Guide

n Advanced Physics Teacher Guide

Also Available: m Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2883A m Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2893A

Also Available: m Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2889A m Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2899A

PS-2873B (page 103)

PS-2879B (page 101)

2 Add sensor bundles or individual sensors. n Physics Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2923 (page 103) 1. Motion Sensor PS-2103A 2. Force Sensor PS-2104 3. Voltage/Current Sensor PS-2115 4. Magnetic Field Sensor PS-2112 See Teacher Guide lab list page 103 and SPARKlab list page 98

1

2

3

4

n Physics Standard Sensor Bundle PS-2931 (page 103) 1. Motion Sensor PS-2103A 2. Force Sensor PS-2104 3. Voltage/Current Sensor PS-2115 4. Magnetic Field Sensor PS-2112 5. Absolute Pressure/Temperature Sensor PS-2146 6. Stainless Steel Temperature Probe PS-2153 7. Light Sensor PS-2106A 8. Sound Level Sensor PS-2109 9. Charge Sensor PS-2132 10. Photogate Head (2) ME-9498A 11. Digital Adapter PS-2159 12. Time-of-Flight Accessory ME-6810

1

2

3

4

5

See Teacher Guide lab list page 102 and SPARKlab list page 98 6

7

8

9

10

11

12

n Advanced Physics Standard Sensor Bundle PS-2932A (page 101) 1. Freefall Adapter ME-9207B 2. Photogate Head (2) ME-9498A 3. Motion Sensor PS-2103A 4. High Sensitivity Light Sensor PS-2176 5. Magnetic Field Sensor PS-2112 6. Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor PS-2113A 7. Stainless Steel Temperature Probe PS-2153 8. High Resolution Force Sensor PS-2189 9. Rotary Motion Sensor PS-2120A 10. Absolute Pressure/Temperature Sensor PS-2146 11. Voltage/Current Sensor PS-2115 Digital Adapter (not shown) PS-2159 Sensor Extension Cable (not shown) PS-2500

1

2

3

4

5

6

See Teacher Guide lab list page 102 and SPARKlab list page 98

7

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8

9

PASCO.COM

10

11


Individual Sensors

n Magnetic Field Sensor PS-2112 n Motion Sensor PS-2103A n Rotary Motion Sensor PS-2120A n Sound Level Sensor PS-2109 n Stainless Steel Temperature Probe PS-2153 n Voltage/Current Sensor PS-2115

n Absolute Pressure/Temperature Sensor PS-2146 n Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor PS-2113A n Charge Sensor PS-2132 n Force Sensor PS-2104 n High Resolution Force Sensor PS-2189 n High Sensitivity Light Sensor PS-2176 n Light Sensor PS-2106A

3 Select your data collection system. Use with your computer.

Use as a standalone or with your computer. Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

n SPARK Science Learning System™ PS-2008A

For PASCO Capstone and 850 Universal Interface ordering information, see pages 123-125.

Use with your iPad or Android tablet. Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

n SPARKvue HD for iPad

n SPARKvue® Site License

+

PS-2400

n SPARKlink®

or

PS-2009

+

n SPARKvue HD for Tablet

add a Bluetooth interface

n AirLink 2 PS-2010

or

Available Spring 2013

n SPARKlink Air PS-2011

4 Select additional apparatus. n Advanced Physics Equipment Bundle PS-2944 n Inquiry-Based Physics Equipment Bundle PS-2945 n AC/DC Electronics Laboratory EM-8656 n Alligator Clip Adapters (4) SE-9756 n Balance SE-8707 n Calipers SE-8710 n Calorimeter Cups (Foam) TD-8825A n Carbon Paper SE-8693 n Cart Picket Fence ME-9804 n Computer-based Thermal Expansion TD-8579A n Concave Mirror Accessory OS-8532 n DC Power Supply SE-8828 n Digital Adapter PS-2159 n Discover Centripetal Force Kit ME-9837 n Discover Collision Bracket ME-8973 n Discover Density Set SE-9719A n Discover Friction Accessory ME-8574 WE CAN HELP

n Dynamics Track Optics System OS-8471A n Electric Field Mapper PK-9023 n Hot Plate SE-8830 n Meter Stick 4-scale SE-8695 n Mini Projectile Launcher ME-6825A n Mini Rotational Accessory CI-6691 n PAStrack Curved Track ME-6841 n PAStrack Dynamics System ME-6961 n Patch Cords SE-9750 n Pendulum Clamp ME-9506 n Photogate Bracket ME-9806 n Photogate Head (2) ME-9498A n Photogate Mounting Bracket ME-6821A SALES@PASCO.COM

n Photogate Pendulum Set ME-8752 n Primary and Secondary Coil Set SE-8653 n Ray Table OS-8465 n Sensor-based Diffraction System OS-8455A n Snakey Spring SE-7331 n Specific Heat Set SE-6849 n Steam Generator TD-8556A n Stopwatch ME-1234 n Super Pulley with Clamp ME-9448B n Time-of-Flight Accessory ME-6810 n Tuning Fork Set (8) SE-7342 n Water Reservoir ME-8594

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Physical Science

PASCO’s 21st Century Solutions for Physical Science In today’s Physical Science classroom, inquiry-based, handson activities must combine with technology designed for education to keep students engaged and increase science literacy. PASCO’s STEM-based Physical Science solutions do just that. Topics include mechanics, chemical reactions, properties of matter, energy transfer, and the geosphere. In the following Physical Science section, you will find instructional resources, plus a wealth of classroom applications.

Index to Physical Science Solutions SPARKlabs for Physical Science ............................ 130 Sensor Bundle for Physical Science SPARKlabs ............................................................. 131 Physical Science through Inquiry Teacher Guide ........................................................ 132 Physical Science through Inquiry Sensor Bundles ..................................................... 133 Physical Science Products and Classroom Applications ......................................... 134 PASCO Physical Science Solutions Ordering Guide ...................................................... 138

World Class Support & Professional Development Committed to Your Success

We want to provide you with all the support, guidance, and training you need. Just let us know how we can help. For more details see pages 240-243.

CONTACT US TODAY www.pasco.com

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Four essentials for Physical Science you can’t do without! Motion Sensor

Chemistry Sensor

PS-2103A

PS-2170 (page 137)

(page 135)

Need to know distance, velocity, or acceleration? Explore linear motion in detail with this sensor. Students can study the back-andforth motion of a cart on a track or the movement of their own bodies in the classroom. Even acceleration of a falling object due to gravity can be studied with relative ease.

Perform these labs with the Motion Sensor: A

Acceleration

A

Newton’s First Law

A

Position Match Graph

Perform these labs with the Chemistry Sensor:

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Voltage Probe, built-in Pressure Sensor, 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors. The all-in-one Chemistry Sensor measures temperature, pH, gas pressure, and voltage, and all measurements can be made simultaneously. This sensor provides a convenient solution for exploring gas laws, performing acid–base investigations, studying oxidation–reduction reactions, and more. Easy-to-use design requires no calibration.

A

Boyle’s Law

A

Endothermic or Exothermic?

A

Evidence of a Chemical Reaction

A

Phase Change

A

Specific Heat of Sand vs. Water

Integration of sensor and equipment makes changing the angle of incline a breeze.

Basic PAStrack Dynamics System

Steel wool captures oxygen molecules to form iron (III) oxide (rust), and illustrates partial pressures.

ME-6962 (page 134)

Includes two 0.5 m lengths of PAStrack, leveling feet, 2 track connectors, two adjustable end stops, two PAScars (one red, one blue), two 250 g masses. Want a 6 m track for a massive momentum demonstration? Or just a 0.5 m section of track for an optics experiment? This PAStrack system gives you all the flexibility you need in the physics lab. Your PAStrack system starts at a 1.0 m track length (two 0.5 m track lengths—great for storage). Grow it when you need to—just snap together additional track segments.

Perform these labs with the Basic PAStrack Dynamics System: A

Exploring Velocity and Inertia

A

Momentum and Impulse

A

Newton’s Second Law

A

Speed and Velocity

A

Work and Power

Force Sensor PS-2104 (page 135)

Ideal for the student lab: Finger holes support handheld applications, or mount it to a cart or 1.2 cm diameter rod. An overload stop and polycarbonate case protect the unit from accidents. Measure collision forces or investigate Newton’s Third Law.

Perform these labs with the Force Sensor: A

Archimedes’ Principle

A

Introduction to Force

A

Newton’s Third Law

When students are the force, Newton’s Third Law is no longer a leap of faith.

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129


labs

labs

labs

Physical Science labs

SPARKlabs for Physical Science: fully electronic, inquiry-based lab activities labs

For iPad, Android tablet, computer, or SPARK Science Learning System SPARKlabs are educator-designed interactive lab labs activitieslabs that guide students through the process of inquiry and investigation, promoting critical thinking and group discussion. Think of a SPARKlab as a modern, highly interactive lab notebook that is fully contained on your iPad, labs labs Android tablet, computer, or on the SPARK Science Learning System. Then add “guide on the side” support embedded throughout the investigation process. Add completely seamless data collection and analysis tools. The result is everything you need on one platform to keep students focused on learning. A central theme of SPARKscience is the integration of the scientific process with the learning process. Each SPARKlab includes: A background science content A setup guidance A seamless integration with data collection and analysis A embedded reflection and assessment prompts A student journals Over 60 labs (including 13 for Physical Science) come free with SPARKvue software or on the SPARK Science Learning System. And the SPARKlab library continues to grow, with additional labs available for purchase and download.

Guided questions in the SPARKlab encourage students to understand pressure data on a molecular level.

The SPARKlab Library Includes 13 FREE Physical Science SPARKlabs! Are You Speeding?

Insolation and the Seasons

Radiation Energy Transfer

(Fast Response Temperature Probe) Determine the effect that the angle of the sun has on the temperature of a given surface.

(2 Temperature Sensors) Determine the effect that the color of a container has on the temperature of water in the container as it is heated using radiant energy.

Air Pollution and Acid Rain

Newton’s First Law

Soil pH

(pH Sensor) Use a pH Sensor to determine the pH of three soil samples.

(Fast Response Temperature Probe) Study how temperature affects chemical reaction rates.

Evidence of a Chemical Reaction (Fast Response

Percent Oxygen in Air

Specific Heat of Sand vs. Water

Voltage

Acceleration

(Motion Sensor) Introduce the concept of representing motion as a change of position in a graphical form.

(pH Sensor) Use a pH sensor to determine the effect that air pollutants (CO2, SO2, and NO2) have on the pH of water.

Temperature Probe) Learn to distinguish between physical changes and chemical reactions.

(Motion Sensor) Determine the influence of force in the motion of an object and see that an object’s motion is unchanged without an external force.

(Absolute Pressure Sensor) Learn about the components of air and how to determine the percent of oxygen in air.

(2 Stainless Steel Temperature Probes) Explore the effect that energy has on the temperature of sand and water.

(Motion Sensor) Test predictions of how the speed and velocity of a cart will differ.

Varying Reaction Rates

(Voltage Sensor) Explore both the chemical and physical production of a potential difference.

Electromagnetic Induction (Voltage Sensor) Observe the electromotive force generated by passing a magnet through a coil.

For a complete list of all SPARKlabs go to pasco.com/sparklabs

SPARKlabs for Physical Science NEW SPARKlabs are available for purchase and download at the SPARKlab Library. For a complete list of all SPARKlabs, go to

pasco.com/sparklabs

130

pH of Household Chemicals

Position: Match Graph

Evaluate the pH of common hair products and common household items.

Students measure back and forth motion and explore the differences between distance, position, and displacement.

(pH Sensor) PS-2078

(Motion Sensor) PS-2081

PASCO.COM K SEE PHYSICAL SCIENCE SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 138-139


Inside a SPARKlab: labs

SPARKlablabs Activity: Evidence of a Chemical Reaction

How can students tell when a chemical reaction has takenlabs place? labs In this Physical Science SPARKlab students will learn the basics of chemical reactions. Students will come to understand that unlike a physical change, a chemical reaction is one in which at least one new substance is formed. Visual evidence includes a precipitate forming, a gas being produced labsor absorbed or a change labs in color. A fourth indicator is a change in temperature. Using a Fast Response Temperature Probe students will measure temperature, create graphs and determine if the reaction is exothermic or endothermic.

Students mix three sets of chemicals in test tubes to observe the changes. The sensor measures the temperature change as students observe visual changes.

After this activity students will be able to distinguish between physical changes and chemical reactions, know the signs that a chemical reaction has taken place and be able to identify a reaction as endothermic or exothermic.

This graph shows one strongly exothermic reaction, one weakly exothermic reaction and one endothermic reaction.

The SPARKlab Sensor Bundle

The sensors you need to perform the 13 FREE Physical Science SPARKlabs and more Physical Science Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2845

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Motion Sensor PS-2103A Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 Sensor Extension Cable PS-2500 Dynamics Track Rod Clamp ME-9836 Super Pulley with Clamp ME-9448B Basic PAStrack Dynamics System ME-6962

4

1

2

WE CAN HELP

See pages 138-139 for the complete Physical Science solutions ordering guide.

5

6

3

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

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Physical Science

Physical Science through Inquiry Teacher Guide Lab activities and guide designed for teacher and student success A This standards-based, STEM-focused guide is designed by educators for both new and experienced teachers alike. A C ore topic areas include mechanics, chemical reactions, properties of matter, energy transfer, and the geosphere. A T he lab activities engage students as they make predictions, collect real-time data, use critical thinking skills to solve sequencing challenges, and answer questions embedded throughout each activity. A A ctivities also help students build vocabulary skills with key term challenges. A Multiple-choice questions give students practice for standardized exams. A T he guide includes assessment, as well as a flash drive with teacher tips, the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts. A I t supports use of SPARKvue and SPARKvue HD, the SPARK Science Learning System, and Xplorer GLX.

Perform these 31 challenging Physical Science labs using the Teacher Guide and these sensors… Absolute Pressure Sensor Boyle’s Law Percent Oxygen in the Air Conductivity Sensor Electrolyte vs. Non-Electrolyte Solutions L Properties of Ionic and Covalent Compounds L Water, the Universal Solvent L Force Sensor Archimedes’ Principle L Introduction to Force L Newton’s Third Law L Motion Sensor Acceleration Newton’s First Law Position Speed and Velocity Motion Sensor + Force Sensor Newton’s Second Law L pH Sensor Air Pollution and Acid Rain pH of Household Chemicals Soil pH

132

Stainless Steel Temperature Probe Evidence of a Chemical Reaction Insolation and the Seasons Phase Change Radiation Energy Transfer Specific Heat of Sand versus Water Temperature vs. Heat Varying Reaction Rates Stainless Steel Temperature Probe + Absolute Pressure Sensor Endothermic or Exothermic Voltage/Current Sensor Faraday’s Law Voltage No Sensors Required Conservation of Matter Density L Significant Figures L

L Lab activities with the color box require

the Standard Sensor Bundle. All other activities can be done with either bundle.

PASCO.COM K SEE PHYSICAL SCIENCE SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 138-139


Physical Science Sensor Bundles

The equipment you need to teach Physical Science through Inquiry Teacher Guide labs. Physical Science Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2845 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Motion Sensor PS-2103A (page 135) Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 (page 137) PASPORT Extension Cable PS-2500 (page 218) Basic PAStrack Dynamics System ME-6962 (page 134) Super Pulley with Clamp ME-9448B (page ??) Dynamics Track Rod Clamp ME-9836 (page ??)

5

This bundle gives you the sensors you need to perform 22 labs from the Teacher Guide (see opposite page), as well as the 13 FREE SPARKlabs on page 130.

1

2

3

4

6

Physical Science Standard Sensor Bundle (Includes all Starter Bundle sensors) PS-2846 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Motion Sensor PS-2103A (page 135) Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 (page 137) PASPORT Extension Cable PS-2500 (page 218) Basic PAStrack Dynamics System ME-6962 (page 134) Super Pulley with Clamp ME-9448B (page ??) Dynamics Track Rod Clamp ME-9836 (page ??) Force Sensor PS-2104 (page 135) Conductivity Sensor PS-2116A (page 186) PASCO Density Set ME-8569 (page 58) Mass & Hanger Set ME-8979 (page 233) Significant Figures Set – Single ME-9850 (page 58) Overflow Can SE-8568 (page 58)

3 1 2

This bundle gives you the sensors you need to perform all 31 labs from the Teacher Guide, as well as the 13 FREE SPARKlabs on page 130.

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Physical Science through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2843A Includes a printed manual and flash drive. Manual contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips, a PDF of the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts.

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

Also Available: Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2847A (Contains all materials from the teacher guide and teacher tips in electronic format only) Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2844A (A printed version of the same student handouts that are included electronically with both the Teacher Guide and Teacher Guide Flash Drive only)

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

133


Physical Science

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Velocity and Acceleration

Basic PAStrack Dynamics System ME-6962

Includes two 0.5m lengths of PAStrack, leveling feet, 2 track connectors, two adjustable end stops, two PAScars (one red, one blue), two 250g masses.

The Basic PAStrack Dynamics System is an ideal way for students to investigate concepts of motion. The track itself easily snaps together and includes leveling feet and a built-in scale. It also includes two feature-packed, low friction PAScars and additional masses. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A In this activity students use a Motion Sensor to record the cart’s velocity and acceleration as it rolls down an incline created with the PAStrack. By varying the angle of the track, students can see the change in the cart’s motion. A W ith all the available accessories (including the Dynamics Track Optics Kit, on page 174), the PAStrack is one piece of equipment students can and will use all year long.

Also Available: PAStrack (track only) ME-6960 Extend your track an extra 1.0 m or more in 0.5 m increments.

134

Track pieces snap together for easy assembly and storage.

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM

Comparing graphs of different angles, students can see acceleration as the rate of change of velocity.


Students in Motion – Graph Matching There is no better way for students to internalize the concepts of motion graphs than to create them in realtime using their own motion. With a Motion Sensor students will intuitively come to understand position, velocity and relative motion as they attempt to match the graph on the screen. It provides a perfect introduction to the concept of slope as the rate of change.

Motion Sensor PS-2103A

The entire class can participate by coaching the “walker” as he moves in front of the motion sensor to mimic the plot shown on the graph.

For Every Action... There’s an equal and opposite reaction. Students will quickly grasp the concept of Newton’s Third Law with this simple activity. Connecting a pair of Force Sensors with a strong rubber band, two students can pull against one another. The data recorded will be displayed in SPARKvue and the resulting graph will clearly show that the forces applied were always equal and opposite.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A R egardless of which student holds their sensor in place while the other pulls, the graphs of force will always be perfectly symmetric. Students can even use the built-in thumbscrew to mount one of the Force Sensors to a ring stand and see the same result when pulling on the other. Forces always come in pairs!

To demonstrate Newton’s Third Law, students use two force sensors and take turns pulling against each other.

Force Sensor PS-2104

As the students pull, the graphs show there is always an equal force in the opposite direction.

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135


Physical Science

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications Teach Students the Value of Precision and Accuracy With this set students will truly understand measurement uncertainty. ACTIVITIES INCLUDE: A Ball Drop: Students toss small balls on a bulls-eye to discover the relationship

between technique and measurements, leading to the concepts of accuracy and precision. A “Forced Error” Measurements: Students use a meter stick that has inaccurate markings to take measurements to reinforce that precise measurements are not always accurate. A Mass/Length Measurements: Students use a balance or Four-Scale Meter Stick with imprecise scales to limit the certainty in their measurements. A A rea/Volume/Density Calculations: Students use a variety of measuring devices to calculate the area, volume and density of various objects, with emphasis placed on the precision of the measuring devices throughout.

Significant Figures Set (4-Pack) ME-9849

Includes materials for four student groups: plastic balls, carbon paper, bull’s eyes, four-scale meter sticks, data pointers, meter stick labels and balance labels. Plus one large laminated number line.

A student dropping a ball onto a bulls-eye to create examples of results that are precise but not accurate, accurate but not precise, and accurate.

Also Available: Significant Figures Set (Single) ME-9850

Matter Model: See the structure of matter with this dynamic visualization The atoms of the Matter Model are brightly colored spheres specifically designed to allow students to better understand the structure of matter. The bonds between the atoms are modeled by springs, so that when forces are applied, the atoms can move in response. Use this model to demonstrate normal force, atmospheric pressure or even wave motion. TYPICAL APPLICATIONS A

Modeling a Solid: By constructing a matrix of spheres, students

can build a model of matter that is dynamic and responds to external forces similarly to real solids. A Wave Properties: Students can investigate wave properties including reflection, wave speed and standing waves.

Matter Model ME-9825A

Includes atoms (40), heavy springs (60), light springs (60) long springs (60), nuts (for increasing the atom mass) (30) and one brass rod (90 cm long).

This model of a solid can be used to help students visualize the atomic level of matter.

Stack them vertically to model atmospheric pressure.

136

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Under Pressure – Investigating the Gas Laws The Ideal Gas Law Apparatus has a stable design that ensures consistently repeatable results and long-term reliability. By connecting a Pressure Sensor and a Temperature Sensor to this large syringe, students will be able to quantitatively investigate relationships between pressure, temperature and volume of a gas. FEATURES A L ow thermal-mass thermistor A Quick-connect port for a pressure sensor A Mechanical stop on the plunger to prevent damage Students observe that both pressure and temperature increase as the volume inside the Ideal Gas Law Apparatus is decreased over time.

Ideal Gas Law Apparatus TD-8596A

Includes Ideal Gas Law syringe, built-in Fast Response Thermistor Probes, and quick-connect pressure port.

Students observe that both pressure and temperature increase as the volume inside the Ideal Gas Law Apparatus is decreased.

Exploring Acids and pH Exploring acids and bases has never been easier. No messy indicators or rolls of pH paper needed! Students can investigate the pH of various juices simply and accurately using the pH probe included with PASCO’s Chemistry MultiMeasure Sensor. Being able to gather data quickly means more time for discussion or further analysis using the powerful tools of SPARKvue software.

Students measure the pH of different juices using the pH probe of the Chemistry Sensor.

Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Voltage Probe, built-in Pressure Sensor, 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors.

Large digit display makes it easy for students to view the changes in pH from juice to juice.

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

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137


Physical Science labs labs

labs

Solutions Ordering Guide

1 Choose your content. labs

labs

labsSPARKlabs (see page 130) n 3 13 FREE Also Available: m pH of Household Chemicals PS-2078 m Position: Match Graph PS-2081

n Physical Science Teacher Guide labs

SPARKlabs are available for purchase at the SPARKlab Online Library: pasco.com/sparklabs

PS-2843A

(page 132)

Also Available: m Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2847A m Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2844A

2 Add sensor bundles or individual sensors. labs

labs

n Physical Science Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2845

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

(page 133)

Motion Sensor PS-2103A Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 PASPORT Extension Cable PS-2500 Basic PAStrack Dynamics System ME-6962 Super Pulley with Clamp ME-9448B Dynamics Track Rod Clamp ME-9836

5 4

See Teacher Guide lab list page 132 and SPARKlab list page 130 1

2

n Physical Science Standard Sensor Bundle PS-2846

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

6

3

(page 133)

Motion Sensor PS-2103A Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 PASPORT Extension Cable PS-2500 Basic PAStrack Dynamics System ME-6962 Super Pulley with Clamp ME-9448B Dynamics Track Rod Clamp ME-9836 Force Sensor PS-2104 Conductivity Sensor PS-2116A PASCO Density Set ME-8569 Mass & Hanger Set ME-8979 Significant Figures Set – Single ME-9850 Overflow Can SE-8568 4

2

1

See Teacher Guide lab list page 132

3

and SPARKlab list page 130

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Individual Sensors n Absolute Pressure/Temperature Sensor (page 206) PS-2146 n Chemistry Sensor (page 137) PS-2170 n Conductivity Sensor (page 186) PS-2116A n Fast Response Temperature Probes (3) (page 213) PS-2135 n Force Sensor (page 135) PS-2104

138

n Motion Sensor (page 135) PS-2103A n pH Sensor (page 202) PS-2102 n Stainless Steel Temperature Probe (page 213) PS-2153 n Temperature Sensor (page 212) PS-2125 n Voltage/Current Sensor (page 215) PS-2115 PASCO.COM


3 Select your data collection system. Use with your computer.

Use as a standalone or with your computer. Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

n SPARK Science Learning System™

Use with your iPad or Android tablet. Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

n SPARKvue® Site License

PS-2008A

+

n SPARKvue HD for iPad

PS-2400

n SPARKlink®

or n SPARKvue HD for Tablet

PS-2009

+

add a Bluetooth interface

n AirLink 2 PS-2010

or Available Spring 2013

n SPARKlink Air PS-2011

4 Select additional apparatus. n Basic PAStrack Dynamics System (page 134) ME-6962 n Density Set (page 58) ME-8569 n Dynamics Track Rod Clamp ME-9836 n Ideal Gas Law Apparatus (page 137) TD-8596A n Mass & Hanger Set (page 233) ME-8979 n Matter Model (page 58) ME-9825A n Overflow Can (page 58) SE-8568 n Significant Figures Set/4-pack (page 58) ME-9849 n Significant Figures Set/Single (page 58) ME-9850 n Sensor Extension Cable (page 218) PS-2500 n Super Pulley with Clamp ME-9448B

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

139


K-8 Science

PASCO’s 21st Century Solutions for K-8 Science Engage students in the areas of life, earth, and physical science with our STEM-focused lab activities and technology. Our intuitive software makes studying science concepts quick and easy. Our standards-based lab activities and sensors make technology integration simple, ensuring student success. In the following K-8 Science section, you will find instructional resources, plus a wealth of classroom applications.

Index to K-8 Science Solutions SPARKlabs for Middle School Science ........................... 142 Sensor Bundle for Middle School Science SPARKlabs ...................................................................... 143 Middle School Science Teacher Guide ............................ 146 Middle School Science Sensor Bundles ......................... 147 Middle School Science Products and Classroom Applications .................................................. 148 SPARKlabs for Elementary School Science .................... 158 Sensor Bundle for Elementary School Science SPARKlabs ...................................................................... 159 Elementary School Science Teacher Guide .................... 146 Elementary School Science Sensor Bundles ................. 147 Elementary School Science Products and Classroom Applications .................................................. 148 PASCO K-8 Science Solutions Ordering Guide .............. 162 Sally Ride Science Key Concepts ................................... 164 Sally Ride Science Caring for Our Earth ..........................172

World Class Support & Professional Development Committed to Your Success

We want to provide you with all the support, guidance, and training you need. Just let us know how we can help. For more details see pages 240-243.

CONTACT US TODAY www.pasco.com

140

PASCO.COM K SEE MIDDLE SCHOOL SCIENCE SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 162-163


Four sensors for K-8 Science you can’t do without! Force Sensor

Chemistry Sensor

PS-2104

PS-2170 (page 156)

(page 157)

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Voltage Probe, built-in Pressure Sensor, 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors. The all-in-one Chemistry Sensor measures temperature, pH, gas pressure, and voltage, and all measurements can be made simultaneously. This sensor provides a convenient solution for exploring gas laws, performing acid–base investigations, studying oxidation–reduction reactions, and more.

Perform these labs with the Chemistry Sensor: A

Acid Rain and Weathering

A

Varying Lights

A

Varying Reaction Rates

A

See the Sally Ride Science SPARKlabs on pages 166-173.

Ideal for the student lab: Finger holes support hand-held applications, or mount it to a cart or 1.2 cm diameter rod. An overload stop and polycarbonate case protect the unit from student abuse. Measure collision forces or investigate Newton’s Laws of Motion.

Perform these labs with the Force Sensor: A

Archimedes’ Principle

A

Muscle Fatigue

A

Newton’s Third Law

A

Simple Machines and Force

A

STEM Module (Egg Drop)

When students are the force, Newton’s Third Law is no longer a leap of faith. Students of all ages can quickly and easily determine the pH of different solutions.

Weather Sensor

Motion Sensor

Perform these labs with the Motion Sensor:

PS-2103A (page 157) Need to know distance, velocity or acceleration? Explore linear motion in detail with this sensor. Students can study the back-andforth motion of a cart on a track or the movement of their own bodies in the classroom. Even acceleration of a falling object due to gravity can be studied with relative ease.

A

Are You Speeding?

A

Exploring Motion Graphs

A

Exploring Velocity and Inertia

A

Mapping the Ocean Floor

A

Newton’s First Law

A

Position Match Graph

A

Simple Harmonic Motion

A

STEM Module (Egg Drop)

PS-2154A (page 218) Simultaneously measure atmospheric barometric pressure, absolute humidity, relative humidity, dew point, air temperature, and relative altitude. Study weather and climate or explore microclimates. Use with our GPS Position Sensor for a thorough investigation of weather over an extended area.

Perform these labs with the Weather Sensor: A

Dew and Frost

A

Microclimates

A

Monitoring Weather

A

Observing Clouds

A

Evaporation and Condensation

Integration of sensor and equipment makes changing the angle of incline a breeze.

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

141


abs

Middle School Science

abs

labs

SPARKlabs for Middle School Science: fully electronic, inquiry-based lab activities For iPad, Android tablet, computer, or SPARK Science Learning System

abs

SPARKlabs are educator-designed interactive lab activities that guide students through the process of inquiry and investigation, promoting critical thinking and group discussion.

abs

abs

Think of a SPARKlab as a modern, highly interactive lab notebook that is fully contained on your iPad®, Android™ tablet, computer, or on the SPARK Science Learning System. Then add “guide on the side” support embedded throughout the investigation process. Add completely seamless data collection and analysis tools. The result is everything you need on one platform to keep students focused on learning. A central theme of SPARKscience is the integration of the scientific process with the learning process. Each SPARKlab includes: A background science content A setup guidance A seamless integration with data collection and analysis A embedded reflection and assessment prompts A student journals Over 60 labs (including 12 for Middle School) come free with SPARKvue software or on the SPARK Science Learning System. And the SPARKlab library continues to grow, with additional labs available for purchase and download.

The SPARKlab Library Includes 12 FREE Middle School SPARKlabs! Acid Rain and Plant

Growth (Chemistry Sensor) Using the pH sensor and simulated rainwater from different sources, the students determine the effect of acid rain on the germination of bean seeds. Are You Speeding?

Exploring Environmental

Recovery Heart Rate

Varying Lights

Mapping the Ocean

Soil Characteristics

Varying Reaction Rates (Chemistry Sensor)

Temperatures (Chemistry Sensor) Students explore temperatures variations in multiple locations in their environment.

(Motion Sensor) Students learn about the related concepts of speed and velocity and how to graph speed and velocity versus time.

Floor (Motion Sensor) Students use a motion sensor to create several features of an “ocean floor” using books, toys, and other classroom materials.

Bright Lights (Light Level Lux Sensor) Students investigate how light intensity changes as they alter the distance between themselves and a light bulb.

Operation Deep Freeze (Chemistry Sensor) Investigate the effect of temperature changes on the transition from liquid to solid states of matter.

(Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor) Students determine the effect of exercise on their heart rate and find their recovery heart rate, which is a measure of fitness.

(Chemistry Sensor) Compare the acidity or alkalinity of each soil sample to a typical pH range for healthy plants. Determine the effects of adding substances that adjust pH levels.

Thermoregulation of the Body (Chemistry Sensor)

Use a temperature sensor to measure body temperature changes at different locations throughout the body.

(Chemistry Sensor) Students will use a voltage sensor to measure changes in voltage as lights are added to and removed from a circuit.

Observe and compare the varying amounts of time it takes for the reaction to run its course under different conditions.

Why We Brush Our Teeth (Chemistry Sensor)

Students determine the level of acidity in a variety of liquids.

For a complete list of all SPARKlabs go to pasco.com/sparklabs

SPARKlabs for Middle School NEW SPARKlabs are available for purchase and download at the SPARKlab Library. For a complete list of all SPARKlabs, go to

pasco.com/sparklabs

142

Exploring Motion Graphs (Motion

Sensor) Give students

an understanding of the relationship between the actual motion of an object and its motion graph (position versus time).

Water Quality

Yeast Growth

(Conductivity Sensor)

(Chemistry Sensor)

PS-2093

PS-2094

Use a conductivity sensor to determine the quality of water and measure the concentration of ions.

Use a closed environment to measure the carbon dioxide gas emitted by yeast as it ferments.

PS-2095

PASCO.COM K SEE MIDDLE SCHOOL SCIENCE SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 162-163


s

Inside a SPARKlab labs

SPARKlab Activity: Egg Drop

This is one of five SPARKlabs in the STEM Egg Drop Module. In this first SPARKlab students use a Motion Sensor and a Force Sensor to analyze the relationship between force, mass, and acceleration. Students change the mass of the cart and note the change that occurs on acceleration. In the four other SPARKlabs in the module, students will: A Learn to read position/time graphs using a motion sensor.

Embedded questions encourage student discourse and meaning-making, while allowing answers to be put directly on the page.

A Explore how gravity affects the motion of falling objects of different size and mass. A Analyze how the velocity of an object in free fall is related to the net forces acting on the object and discover that air drag produces a force opposite to the direction of fall. A Use a force sensor to determine what is the best material to cushion and protect fragile objects during a collision.

Egg Drop Module Teacher License PS-2989 One per teacher (one license for all your classes). Includes spiral-bound teacher manual.

Egg Drop Module Flash Drive only PS-2990 For required sensors and other materials, see pasco.com/STEMmodules

Basic PAStrack Dynamics System

Discover Collision Bracket

Super Pulley with Clamp

ME-6962

ME-8973

ME-9448B

Includes two springs with different spring constants.

Fits tables up to 2.0 cm (13/16 in.) thick.

Includes two 0.5m lengths of PAStrack, leveling feet, two track connectors, two adjustable end stops, two PAScars (one red, one blue), two 250g masses.

Also Available: PAStrack (track only) ME-6960

Extend your track an extra 1.0 m or more in 0.5 m increments.

The Middle School Science Starter Sensor Bundle

The sensors you need to perform the 12 FREE Middle School SPARKlabs and more Middle School Science Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2924C 1. 2. 3. 4.

See pages 162-163 for the complete Middle School science solution ordering guide.

Motion Sensor PS-2103A (page 200) Light Level Lux Sensor PS-2177 (page 202) Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 (page 186) Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor PS-2186 (page 47)

1

2 WE CAN HELP

3 SALES@PASCO.COM

4 SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

143


Middle School labs

Horizon Renewable Energy SPARKlab Collection for Middle School: fully electronic, inquiry-based lab activities For iPad, Android tablet, computer, or SPARK Science Learning System

Like PASCO’s other great SPARKlabs, Horizon SPARKlabs are designed to guide students through the process of discovery and investigation and to promote critical thinking and group discussion. These Horizon SPARKlabs include background science content, setup guidance, seamless integration with data collection and analysis, and embedded assessment and reflection prompts. Nine Renewable Energy SPARKlab activities include:

Horizon Renewable Energy SPARKlabs for Middle School Teacher License PS-2856 Includes 9 SPARKlab activities to help students develop an understanding of renewable energy. One per teacher (one license for all your classes).

Hydrogen Fuel Cell A Assembling the Reversible Hydrogen Fuel Cell A Water Decomposition for Hydrogen Fuel Cells A Comparing Hydrogen Fuel Cells to Batteries

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Solar A The Effect of Heat on Solar Panels A The Effect of Shade on Solar Panels A The Effect of Tilt Angle on Solar Panels Wind A Altering the Length of Blades in a Wind Turbine A Altering the Pitch of Blades in a Wind Turbine A Altering the Number of Blades in a Wind Turbine Electronic Delivery. Upon purchase, download to your computer.

Getting Started What you need to perform the 9 Horizon Renewable Energy SPARKlabs and more. SPARK Science Learning System™

SPARKlink®

SPARKvue®

PS-2008A

PS-2009

Site License PS-2400

(page 10)

(page 9)

(page 9)

Includes Fast Response Temperature Probe, Voltage Probe and more than 60 pre-installed, guided inquiry SPARKlabs.

Includes two sensor ports, Built-in Temperature and Voltage Sensors with Probes, USB connection, and rugged polycarbonate case.

For a complete list of all SPARKlabs go to pasco.com/sparklabs

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Inside a SPARKlab: labs

Horizon SPARKlab Activity: The Effect of Tilt Angle on Solar Panels

In this SPARKlab activity, students will learn from their own collected data that the more directly sunlight strikes the solar cell, the greater the voltage output. The setup is simple and can be done indoors (with lamps) or outdoors under sunlight. As students understand how the angle of sunlight affects solar power production capability, they can begin to explore means of maximizing this directly-overhead exposure. What orientation should the cell have to maximize its exposure to direct (perpendicular) sunlight? What could be done to increase the time during the day when a cell is receiving optimum sunlight? Discuss differences in orientation for solar cells depending on geographic region and season.

Students investigate the relationship between the voltage produced and the angle of the solar panel. Knowing the relationship between the angle of the sun relative to the panel is an important consideration in building any solar electrical system.

Just one of nine SPARKlabs in the Horizon Renewable Energy SPARKlabs for Middle School collection.

Horizon Renewable Energy Kit SE-7238 Includes wind turbine, 18 long curved blades ( 3 sets of different curvatures), 3 long flat blades, 3 short flat blades, reversible Fuel Cell module, Gas/Water storage module, small motor with propeller, 1 W Solar Cell, AA battery pack and 2 pairs of banana plug cables.

Topic-specific SPARKlabs guide students through investigations of Solar, Wind and Hydrogen Fuel Cell technologies.

The maximum voltage output is when the light strikes perpendicular to the surface of the solar cell, which maximizes the amount of light energy available.

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Middle School Science

Middle School Science Teacher Guide Lab activities and guide designed for teacher and student success A This standards-based, STEM-focused guide is designed by educators for both new and experienced teachers alike. A The lab activities engage students as they collect real-time data, make predictions, use critical thinking skills, and build vocabulary skills with key term challenges. A S tudents get practice for standardized exams with multiplechoice questions. A The guide includes assessment, as well as a flash drive with teacher tips, the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts. A It supports use of SPARKvue, SPARKvue HD, the SPARK Science Learning System, and Xplorer GLX.

Perform these 49 challenging Middle School labs with the Teacher Guide and these sensors…. Chemistry Sensor Acid Rain and Plant Growth Acid Rain and Weathering Air Pressure and the Lungs Boyle’s Law Conservation of Matter Energy Transfer Exploring Environmental Temperatures Heat Transfer in Fluids Introduction to Acids and Bases Investigating Evaporative Cooling Investigating Solar Energy Neutralizing an Acid and a Base Observing Phase Changes Operation Deep Freeze Seasonal Pond Exploration Soil Characteristics Sunlight and Photosynthesis in Aquatic Plants Water’s Role in the Climate Thermoregulation of the Body Transfer of Energy in Chemical Reactions Varying Lights Varying Reaction Rates Voltage Time Why We Brush Our Teeth Yeast Growth

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Conductivity Sensor Soil Salinity L Water, the Universal Solvent L Force Sensor Archimedes’ Principle L Muscle Fatigue L Newton’s Third Law (requires 2 sensors) L Simple Machines and Force L Work and Mechanical Advantage L Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor Recovery Heart Rate Venous Blood Flow Light Level Lux Sensor Bright Lights Investigating Seismic Waves Night and Day Photosynthesis Seasons

Motion Sensor Are You Speeding? Exploring Velocity and Inertia Mapping the Ocean Floor Motion Graphs Simple Harmonic Motion Motion Sensor + Force Sensor Newton’s First Law L Weather Sensor Investigating Evaporation and Condensation L Monitoring Weather L Observing Clouds L Transpiration L

L Lab activities with the color box require the Standard Bundle. All other activities can be done with either bundle.

PASCO.COM K SEE MIDDLE SCHOOL SCIENCE SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 162-163


Middle School Science Sensor Bundles

The equipment you need to teach Middle School Science Teacher Guide labs. Middle School Starter Sensor Bundle

Allows you to do 37 of 49 lab activities (see opposite page).

PS-2924C 1. 2. 3. 4.

Motion Sensor PS-2103A (page 206) Light Level Lux Sensor PS-2177 (page 202) Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 (page 186) Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor PS-2186 (page 47)

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Middle School Standard Sensor Bundle

2

3

4

Allows you to do all 49 lab activities.

PS-2933A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Motion Sensor PS-2103A (page 206) Light Level Lux Sensor PS-2177 (page 202) Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 (page 186) Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor PS-2186 (page 47) Conductivity Sensor PS-2116A (page 186) Force Sensor PS-2104 (page 188) Weather Sensor PS-2154A (page 218) Fast Response Temperature Probe PS-2135 (page 213) Sensor Extension Cable PS-2500 (page 218) 1

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Middle School Science Teacher Guide PS-2874B Includes a printed manual and flash drive. Manual contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips, a PDF of the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts.

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SALES@PASCO.COM

Also Available: Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2884A (Contains all materials from the teacher guide and teacher tips in electronic format only) Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2894A (A printed version of the same student handouts that are included electronically with both the Teacher Guide and Teacher Guide Flash Drive only)

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Middle School

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications Investigate – and map – microclimates Equip students with the Weather/Anemometer Sensor and GPS Position Sensor and send them out to explore the school surroundings. As they move throughout the grounds, all their data is automatically location-referenced. Have them explore asphalt parking lots, buildings that block breezes, open fields, heavily shaded areas, even small bodies of water or the outdoor pool. Open the collected data in My World GIS and see it on an aerial photo of the school grounds. Use this as a foundation for discussing factors affecting different microclimates, then extend to regional and global climate investigation.

Students explore their school surroundings with the Weather/Anemometer and GPS Position Sensors – all the data is tagged with GPS coordinates for automatic mapping in My World GIS.

Weather/Anemometer

GPS Position Sensor

PS-2174

PS-2175

Includes Sensor Extension Cable.

The Weather/Anemometer Sensor measures temperature, barometric pressure, relative and absolute humidity, dew point, wind speed, wind gust and wind chill – all with just one sensor.

Includes Sensor Extension Cable.

Using the bird’s eye view of student-collected data, have students ask and answer questions such as “Why did the temperature go down there?” to develop an understanding of factors affecting microclimates.

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Investigate water quality Understanding water quality and the factors that affect water quality is essential given the importance of water in ecosystems and everyday life. Whether you plan a field trip, participate in project-based learning, or are lucky enough to have a water source on the school grounds, students need the ability to determine the health and quality of the water through measurement. Our Water Quality Sensor is perfect for measuring in the field – just one sensor measures four key water quality parameters: pH, dissolved oxygen, conductivity and temperature. To easily map your water quality measurements, take the GPS Position Sensor with you – all your measurements will be tagged with GPS coordinates. Just open your data in My World GIS and see it plotted against maps or aerial photos.

Students use the SPARK Science Learning System and Water Quality Sensor to investigate natural bodies of water. With real time measurements, students can think about the data in the actual setting, and look for explanations or conduct additional tests. For example, with a low dissolved oxygen reading, they might observe that the water is very stagnant or see algae growth.

The Water Quality Sensor measures four important water quality parameters – pH, Dissolved Oxygen, Conductivity, and Temperature – in one convenient sensor package.

My World GIS 5.0

Water Quality Sensor

Classroom (10-seat) License SE-7364 35-seat License SE-7365 K-12 Campus Site License SE-7366

PS-2169

Includes Dissolved Oxygen Probe, Conductivity Probe, pH Probe and Stainless Steel Temperature Probe.

See product information on pages 38-39.

High volume and district licenses also available. See pasco.com/myworld for more license options. System Requirements: Windows 7, Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP/Vista, Mac OS X (Universal Binary), Linux and Solaris. Minimum of 128MB of RAM (256MB recommended).

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SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

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Middle School

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

+

Students dissect an owl pellet, examine bones under the microscope, and piece together the remains of the owl’s prey.

New! SPARK and SPARKvue now support digital microscopes SPARKvue’s new digital imaging capabilities support a wide variety of USB imaging devices, including most modern digital microscopes and webcams. Don’t have a computer? No problem—use SPARK Science Learning System and get all the advantage of digital microscopy. No need for your students to learn a new software just for microscopy—collect sensor data and capture and analyze images all in your SPARKvue software. The kena® Digital Microscope performs in the classroom or the field. The removable camera/magnification head fits snugly in your hand or onto the sleek, sturdy metal base. The USB-powered LED lighting on top and the battery-powered LED light on the bottom increase clarity for viewing slide specimens. The silicone non-slip stage pad eliminates the need for stage clips. This is an ideal digital microscope for your middle school science program! Magnification: 20x, 40x, 100x.

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++ + View a live video feed from the microscope.

Magnify stored images even further using digital zoom.

T T T T T

Autozoom re-centers images after using other software features.

Add annotations to captured images using the text tool.

+ Use the measurement tool to analyze captured images.

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Draw on captured images to indicate features and structures or add notes.

PASCO.COM K SEE MIDDLE SCHOOL SCIENCE SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 162-163


The kena Digital Microscope is used in this SPARKlab “Form & Function” from the Sally Ride Science Key Concepts in Life module (see page 18).

No need to lose time learning a new software environment… use the kena Digital Microscope with SPARKvue (even within SPARKlabs).

Use the SPARKvue software to capture images and add drawing and text annotations.

With a simple calibration the measurement tool can make on-screen measurements to make microscopy quantifiable.

kena® Digital Microscope SE-7236 Includes a removable camera/magnification head, touch tube (for placing the microscope flush against specimens), sturdy metal base, and convenient carry/storage bag. Magnification: 20X, 40X, 100X.

Obelia are aquatic invertebrate animals that belong to the same phylum as jellyfish. Under the kena Digital Microscope you can easily see its anatomical parts.

For use with SPARKvue: Requires a SPARK Science Learning System or a USB port on a computer (Mac or Windows) that has SPARKvue version 1.3 or later.

Use in the lab or – with the removable camera head – take it to the field.

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Middle School

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Exploring Photosynthesis No inferred measurements or messy indicators needed! Students make direct measurements of dissolved oxygen and investigate the photosynthetic activity of an aquatic plant. With the Photosynthesis Tank and sensors, it is easy to collect accurate data and investigate a complex process. Turning the light on and off creates an easily-analyzed graph in real-time, showing the relationship between light and the rate of oxygen production. No longer will you have to tell students: “what you should have seen was. . .” SPARKvue illustrates the plant’s activity with light on and off on a graph that is easily analyzed.

Dissolved oxygen increases when light shines on the plant and decreases when it is turned off. Using the Photosynthesis Tank and a Dissolved Oxygen Sensor, students measure the dissolved oxygen content in the environment of an aquatic plant.

Photosynthesis Tank PS-2521A

Includes Photosynthesis Tank, large #14 stopper with sensor ports, and 2 small #3 stoppers.

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EcoZone™ System The PASCO EcoZone System consists of three chambers that can be interconnected or used independently. Because the system remains closed and is designed to accommodate PASPORT sensors, students will collect accurate data with minimal impact on the ecosystem. A basic lab activity uses two of the chambers separately to measure O2 and CO2 levels, one chamber containing plants and one containing plants and crickets. Students see how the presence of animals affects the concentration of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the system. Use the traditional terrestrial, aquatic, and decomposition arrangement to create your unique biome space and collect the data you want. The openings within the chambers allow air to circulate between the chambers, and the included cord efficiently wicks water and ions between the chambers. A A

Connect three different environments together (terrestrial, aquatic and decomposition) and observe the interaction. Add animals (crickets) to an environment and measure effect of respiration.

No more cutting up plastic bottles! With the EcoZone System, you can easily create isolated ecosystems or interconnect up to three ecosystems.

Isolate ecosystems for comparison studies. Here the impact of animals on carbon dioxide production is explored. Two separate ecosystems – one with crickets, one without. Students observe the photosynthesis cycle and its effect on carbon dioxide, plus the contribution of the crickets to higher carbon dioxide production (through respiration).

EcoZone™ System ME-6668 Includes 3 EcoChambers, tray, rubber stoppers, syringe, tubing and wicking cord.

Monitor any ecosystem over time – oxygen gas, carbon dioxide, dissolved oxygen, humidity, you name it! The EcoZone System is designed for sensor-based measurement while maintaining a closed environment.

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153


Middle School

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications The graph demonstrates that as the pressure in the chest cavity decreases, the air volume in the lung increases.

Metabolism Chamber

ME-6936 250ml sampling bottle with hole to insert Sensor.

Students examine how air pressure and changes in air pressure allow us to breathe.

Taking a Breath – Exploring Lung Function In this activity, students create a model of a lung by attaching a syringe to the Metabolism Chamber. Pushing or pulling on the syringe changes the volume of the model’s “chest cavity”. By connecting a Pressure Sensor, students can measure the changes in air pressure inside the model’s “lung” and create a graph of their results to fully explore how we breathe.

Recommended for use with: Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 (page 156)

The meter and digits displays provide a clear and easy way to observe heart rate plus systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

Blood Pressure Sensor When students measure their own blood pressure the concept becomes much more exciting and productive.

PS-2207 (Standard Cuff) PS-2208 (Small Cuff) PS-2209 (Large Cuff)

Understanding Blood Pressure Measure blood pressure simply and accurately. Wrap the cuff around the arm of a student and pump air into the cuff with the inflation bulb. Release the bulb and within seconds see systolic (maximum) and diastolic (minimum) pressures alongside heart rate. Cuff pressure also reported (see meter display in screen at right). All models include a sensor and an arm cuff with inflation bulb. Most students use standard sized cuff. For size assistance, see pasco.com

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The student exercises for three minutes to raise her heart rate.

After three minutes, the student sits and measures her heart rate, by gripping the handles of the Hand Grip Heart Rate sensor, until it returns to the resting rate.

Get a Grip – Measuring Heart Rate No belts or clips to worry about. To measure heart rate at rest or during exercise, simply grab the handles and the sensor will measure the number of times the cardiac muscle contracts per minute. Highly accurate and much easier than other solutions for measuring heart rate. Belts or clips won’t get in the way and the two ergonomic paddles ensure freedom of movement for both hands.

In this activity students will measure their resting heart rate, then exercise for a short time, and finally hold the paddles as their body recovers from the exertion. The graph that is created will show their heart rate in great detail before, during and after exercise.

Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor PS-2186 Includes 2 hand-grip paddles.

The graph shows the time it takes for the student’s heart rate to return to a resting rate after exercise.

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155


Middle School

Sensor-Based Classroom Applications

Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Voltage Probe, built-in Pressure Sensor, 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors.

Students measure the pH of different juices using the pH probe of the Chemistry Sensor.

Investigating acids and pH

Using the Chemistry Sensor students can measure the pH of different juices without the hassle or mess of indicator solutions or pH paper. And the results are incredibly accurate and easy to read, making it easy to compare the acidity of the different samples. The advantage of using PASCO sensors and SPARKvue software is that the ease of data collection means that there’s plenty of additional time for further investigation or classroom discussion.

Under Pressure – Boyle’s Law One of the fundamental gas laws, Boyle’s Law explains the relationship between changes in pressure and the volume of a confined gas. In this activity students will again use the MultiMeasure Chemistry Sensor, but this time will be monitoring the pressure of air in a syringe as the plunger is depressed.

The graph shows that the pressure inside the syringe decreases as the volume increases.

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Your choice – display pH in digits for point measurement or use graph to observe changes over time.

Students study Boyle’s Law by studying the effect of changes in the volume of a confined gas on pressure using the Chemistry Sensor.

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Students in Motion – Graph Matching There is no better way for students to internalize the concepts of motion graphs than to create them in real-time using their own motion. By tracking their movements with a Motion Sensor, students will intuitively come to understand position, velocity and relative motion as they attempt to match the graph on the screen. It is also a perfect introduction to the concept of slope as the rate of change.

Motion Sensor PS-2103A

The entire class can participate by coaching the “walker” as he moves in front of the motion sensor to mimic the plot shown on the graph.

For Every Action... There’s an equal and opposite reaction. Students will quickly grasp the concept of Newton’s Third Law with this simple activity. Connecting a pair of Force Sensors with a strong rubber band, two students can pull against one another. SPARKvue displays the data and the graph will clearly show that the forces were always equal and opposite. Regardless of which student holds their sensor in place while the other pulls, the graphs of force will always be perfectly symmetrical. Students can even use the built-in thumbscrew to mount one of the Force Sensors to a ringstand while pulling on the other. They will see the same results: forces always come in pairs!

To demonstrate Newton’s Third Law, students use two force sensors and take turns pulling against each other.

Force Sensor PS-2104

As the students pull, the graphs show there is always an equal force in the opposite direction.

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labs

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Elementary School Science labs

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SPARKlabs for Elementary School Science: fully electronic, inquiry-based lab activities labs

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For iPad, Android tablet, computer, or SPARK Science Learning System labs

SPARKlabs are educator-designed interactive lab activities that guide students through the process of inquiry and investigation, promoting critical thinking and group discussion. labs

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Think of a SPARKlab as a modern, highly interactive lab notebook that is fully contained on your iPad®, Android™ tablet, computer, or on the SPARK Science Learning System. Then add “guide on the side” support embedded throughout the investigation process.labs Add completely labs seamless data collection and analysis tools. The result is everything you need on one platform to keep students focused on learning. A central theme of SPARKscience is the integration of the scientific process with the learning process. Each SPARKlab includes: A background science content A setup guidance A seamless integration with data collection and analysis A embedded reflection and assessment prompts A student journals Over 60 labs (including ten for Elementary School) come free with SPARKvue software or on the SPARK Science Learning System. And the SPARKlab library continues to grow, with additional labs available for purchase and download.

The SPARKlab Library Includes 10 FREE Elementary School SPARKlabs! Endothermic and Exothermic Changes

(Fast Response Temperature Probe) Use a temperature sensor to explore temperature changes through chemical reactions.

Feeling and Measuring Temperature

(Fast Response Temperature Probe) Compare the results of measuring temperature to how the temperature feels.

Heating Land and Water

(Fast Response Temperature Probe) Determine a property of materials that allows some to heat up faster than others.

Keeping Warm

(Fast Response Temperature Probe) Discover which materials conduct heat, which don’t, and why.

Lighting a Bulb

(Voltage Sensor) Investigate aspects of battery and light bulb function and behavior.

Mixing Warm and Cool

Water (Fast Response Temperature Probe) Explore how mixing hot and cold water results in a new temperature that is between hot and cold. Temperatures in the

Environment (Fast Response Temperature Probe) Use a temperature sensor to collect data that can be put in simple tables or graphs.

What Is a Conductor?

(Voltage Sensor) Use a voltage sensor to test the conductivity of different materials.

What Is an Electric Circuit?

(Voltage Sensor) Study how electrical circuits produce light, heat, and sound.

Melting and Boiling

(Fast Response Temperature Probe) Study the boiling point and melting point of liquids including water.

For a complete list of all SPARKlabs go to pasco.com/sparklabs

SPARKlabs for Elementary School NEW SPARKlabs are available for purchase and download at the SPARKlab Library. For a complete list of all SPARKlabs, go to

pasco.com/sparklabs

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Amazing Body Parts: Eyes (Light

Monitoring the Weather

Investigate the reflection of light from the surfaces of two different colors.

Collect data on weather conditions to find patterns to make a weather forecast.

Sensor)

PS-2096

Sharing the Warmth

(Weather Sensor)

(Temperature Sensor)

PS-2098

PS-2097

Determine what happens when hot objects are put next to cooler ones.

PASCO.COM K SEE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SCIENCE SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 162-163


Inside a SPARKlab labs

SPARKlablabs Activity: What Is an Electric Circuit?

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At any age, the best way to learn science is by doing, such as in this SPARKlab activity where they build and examine different labs labs circuits. By constructing a simple circuit with batteries, wire and a Christmas tree light, they will learn that a circuit needs to be closed in order for current to flow. With a second bulb students will be able to create both a parallel and series circuit. Observing the brightness of the bulbs in each circuit as well as voltage measurements, students will not only understand the difference between these two types of circuits butlabs will start to form an understanding of the role of labs voltage.

Students build circuits using batteries and Christmas lights in order to measure the voltage in parallel and series circuits.

And as with all SPARKlabs, students will be guided through the entire activity with checks for understanding at each step to ensure that they will have their own “light bulb moment” when they come to understand the basics of circuits.

labs

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Integrated instructions and data displays make it simple for students to perform activities.

Getting Started in Elementary School Science What you need to perform the 10 FREE Elementary School SPARKlabs and more. SPARK Science Learning System™

SPARKvue®

SPARKlink®

PS-2008A

Site License PS-2400

PS-2009

(page 10)

(page 9)

Includes Fast Response Temperature Probe, Voltage Probe and more than 60 pre-installed, guided inquiry SPARKlabs.

WE CAN HELP

(page 9) Includes two sensor ports, Built-in Temperature and Voltage Sensors with Probes, USB connection, and rugged polycarbonate case.

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SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

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Elementary School Science

Elementary through Inquiry Teacher Guide Lab activities and guide designed for teacher and student success A This standards-based, STEM-focused guide is designed by educators for both new and experienced teachers alike. A Activities for grades K-1, 2-3, and 4-5 cover core topics in life, earth, and physical sciences. A The lab activities engage students as they make predictions, collect real-time data, use critical thinking skills to solve sequencing challenges, and answer questions embedded throughout each activity. A Multiple-choice questions give students practice for standardized exams. A The guide includes assessment, as well as a flash drive with teacher tips, the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts. A It supports use of SPARKvue, SPARKvue HD, the SPARK Science Learning System, and Xplorer GLX.

Perform these 29 challenging Elementary School labs with the Teacher Guide and these sensors‌ Force Sensor Conservation of Matter (2-3) Heavy and Heavier (K-1) Motion Sensor Near and Far (K-1) Temperature/Sound Level/Light Sensor Can Plants Survive Without Light and Water? (2-3) Cars and Heat (2-3) Chemical Reactions (4-5) Determining Sound Levels (4-5) Exploring Temperatures (K-1) Feeling and Measuring Temperature (2-3) Freezing and Melting Water (2-3) Heating Land and Water (4-5) Hot and Cold (K-1) How a Greenhouse Works: Heat (4-5) How a Greenhouse Works: Light (4-5) Hunting with Light (2-3) Investigating Sound Levels (2-3) Keeping Warm (4-5) Light and Dark (K-1) Mixing Water (K-1) Temperature and Change (4-5)

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Voltage Sensor Electric Circuits (4-5) What Is a Conductor? (4-5) What Is an Electromagnet? (4-5) Weather Sensor Dew and Frost (4-5) Microclimates (4-5) Observing Clouds (2-3) The Water Cycle (4-5) Weather Instruments (K-1) Weather Station (4-5)

PASCO.COM K SEE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SCIENCE SOLUTIONS ORDERING GUIDE ON PAGES 162-163


Elementary School Sensor Bundle

The equipment you need to teach Elementary School through Inquiry Teacher Guide labs. Elementary School Standard Sensor Bundle

Allows you to do all 29 lab activities

PS-2934 1 Temperature/Sound Level/ Light Sensor PS-2140 (page 210) 2 Motion Sensor PS-2103A (page 206) 3 Force Sensor PS-2104 (page 188) 4 Weather Sensor PS-2154A (page 218) 5 Sensor Extension Cable PS-2500 (page 218) 6 Fast Response Temperature Probes (3-pack) PS-2135 (page 213)

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SPARK Science Learning System™

SPARKvueÂŽ on your computers

PS-2008A

SPARKvue Site license (One Per K12 Campus) PS-2400 SPARKlink (One Per Student Station) PS-2009

Includes Fast Response Temperature Probe, Voltage Probe and more than 60 pre-installed, guided inquiry SPARKlabs.

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See page 9 for more information

See page 10 for more information

OR

Optional: SPARKvue Site License (one per K-12 campus) PS-2400 (For teacher computers and interactive whiteboards)

Your SPARKvue license includes the more than 60 free guided inquiry SPARKlab activities, and authorizes you to run SPARKvue and the SPARKlab activities on any computer on your K-12 campus.

Elementary School Science through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2875B Includes a printed manual and flash drive. Manual contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips, a PDF of the full teacher edition, and an editable MS Word version of student handouts.

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

Also Available: Teacher Guide Flash Drive only PS-2885A (Contains all materials from the teacher guide and teacher tips in electronic format only) Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2895A (A printed version of the same student handouts which are included electronically with both the Teacher Guide and Teacher Guide Flash Drive only)

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s

Solutions Ordering Guide

K-8

1 Choose your content.

s

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n 3 12 FREE Middle School SPARKlabs (see page 144)

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Also Available: m Exploring Motion Graphs PS-2095 m Water Quality labs PS-2093 m Yeast Growth PS-2094 m Middle School Horizon SPARKlabs PS-2856

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n 3 10 FREElabs SPARKlabs forlabs Elementary School (see page 158)

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SPARKlabs are available for purchase at the SPARKlab Online Library: pasco.com/sparklabs

Also Available: m Amazing Body Parts: Eyes PS-2096 m Monitoring the Weather PS-2098 labs Warmth PS-2097 m Sharing the

SPARKlabs are available for purchase at the SPARKlab Online Library: pasco.com/sparklabs

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n Middle School Science Teacher Guide

n Elementary School Science Teacher Guide

PS-2874B labs

PS-2875B

labs Also Available: m Teacher Guide Flash Drive Only PS-2884A m Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2894A

Also Available: m Teacher Guide Flash Drive Only PS-2885A m Student Lab Activity Blackline Master PS-2895A

2 Add sensor bundles or individual sensors. labs

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n Middle School Starter Sensor Bundle PS-2924C 1. 2. 3. 4.

(page 143)

Motion Sensor PS-2103A Light Level Lux Sensor PS-2177 Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 Hand Grip Heart Rate Sensor PS-2186

Teacher Guide lab list on page 146 SPARKlab list on page 142 1

n Middle School Standard Sensor Bundle PS-2933A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9

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Motion Sensor PS-2103A Light Level Lux Sensor PS-2177 Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 Hand Grip Heart Rate Sensor PS-2186 Conductivity Sensor PS-2116A Force Sensor PS-2104 Weather Sensor PS-2154A Fast Response Temperature PS-2135 Sensor Extension Cable PS-2500.

Teacher Guide lab list on page 146 SPARKlab list on page 142

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n Elementary School Standard Sensor Bundle PS-2934 (page 161) 1 2 3 4 5 6

Temperature/Sound Level/Light Sensor PS-2140 Motion Sensor PS-2103A Force Sensor PS-2104 Weather Sensor PS-2154A Sensor Extension Cable PS-2500 Fast Response Temperature Probes (3-pack) PS-2135

Teacher Guide lab list on page 160. SPARKlab list on page 158.

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Individual Sensors

n Blood Pressure Sensor/Standard Cuff (page 154) PS-2207

n Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor (page 155) PS-2186

n Blood Pressure Sensor/Small Cuff (page 154) PS-2208 n Blood Pressure Sensor/Large Cuff (page 154) PS-2209

n Light Level Lux Sensor (page 202) PS-2177 n Motion Sensor (page 157) PS-2103A

n Chemistry Sensor (page 156) PS-2170 n Conductivity Sensor (page 186) PS-2116A

n Temperature/Sound Level/Light Sensor (page 210) PS-2140

n Fast Response Temperature Probes (3-pack) PS-2135 (page 213)

n Weather Sensor (page 218) PS-2154A

n Force Sensor (page 157) PS-2104

n Weather/Anemometer (page 148) PS-2174

n Water Quality Sensor (page 149) PS-2169

n GPS Position Sensor (page 148) PS-2175

3 Select your data collection system. Use with your computer.

Use as a standalone or with your computer. Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

n SPARK Science Learning System™

Use with your iPad or Android tablet. Contains detailed teacher version complete with guided inquiry lab activities, suggested answers, and much more. Flash drive contains teacher tips.

n SPARKvue® Site License

PS-2008A

+

n SPARKvue HD for iPad

PS-2400

n SPARKlink®

or n SPARKvue HD for Tablet

PS-2009

+

add a Bluetooth interface

n AirLink 2 PS-2010

or

Available Spring 2013

n SPARKlink Air PS-2011

4 Select additional apparatus. n Basic PAStrack Dynamics System (page 143) ME-6962 n EcoZone™ System (page 153) ME-6668 n Horizon Renewable Energy Kit (page 145) SE-7238 n kena® Digital Microscope (page 151) SE-7236 n Metabolism Chamber (page 154) ME-6936

WE CAN HELP

n My World GIS 5.0 10-seat classroom license (page 149) SE-7364 n My World GIS 5.0 35-seat) license (page 149) SE-7365 n My World GIS 5.0 K-12 campus site license (page 149) SE-7366 n Photosynthesis Tank (page 152) PS-2521A n Sensor Extension Cable (page 218) PS-2500

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

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Sally Ride Science From Sally Ride Science and PASCO...

Key Concepts in Science A career-based, hands-on program for teaching Earth Science, Life Science, and Physical Science in grades 4-8 Dig deep into the “big ideas” in science with this new program from the science and education experts at Sally Ride Science and PASCO. Key Concepts in Science is an integrated, inquiry-based program for fourth- through eighthgrade science. It provides everything you need to teach the big ideas in science using the latest technology. Aligned to both state and national standards, this program stimulates students’ natural curiosity while building their science literacy and critical-thinking skills. Key Concepts in Science guides students as they master the big ideas and affirm, “Now I Get It!”

Each Key Concepts in Science solution includes: A 6 copies of 12 captivating books A 48 engaging SPARKlabs A Sensor-based lab kits A Innovative Teacher Guides and Teacher Lab Notes A An invitation to join the Sally Ride Science Community educators’ network The Key Concepts in Science program engages your students in investigations and readings that foster discovery and build understanding of the key concepts in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM). And, to help students develop a personal connection to science, both the books and the SPARKlabs offer inspiring stories of current-day scientists and engineers.

Benefits of Key Concepts in Science Program

For the complete Sally Ride Science Key Concepts in Science solution, see pages 166-177.

A Delves deep into the big ideas in science while keeping students engaged and on-task with fun, relevant activities A Builds science literacy and improves nonfiction literacy skills A Boosts in-depth science comprehension and contributes to students’ improvement on critical state tests A Motivates students to aspire to careers in science and engineering

Our Learning Philosophy A Learn by doing: Guided-inquiry lab investigations activate prior knowledge while stimulating reflection and curiosity. A Make it meaningful: Help students connect science concepts to current issues and to the work and lives of real scientists. A Go deep: Exceptional student books and hands-on investigations guide in-depth exploration of the big ideas in science.

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MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Sally Ride Science Key Concepts in Science Solution for Earth Science, Life Science, and Physical Science Each of the three programs in the Key Concepts in Science series includes: 12 Original Book Titles Each title offers an in-depth exploration of one of the big ideas in science. The books engage students with stunning photography, colorful illustrations, and compelling text. Book features include: A In Your World, an introduction that captures student interest with a real-world scenario. A The Bottom Line, a summary of the key concept covered in each two-page spread. A Thinking Like a Scientist, a feature that lets students interpret and analyze data the way real scientists do. A How Do We Know?, a profile that connects the key concept in the book to the life and work of a contemporary scientist or engineer. A Hey, I Know That!, an activity that assesses students’ understanding of science concepts. A A Glossary, with comprehensive definitions of key science terms.

48 SPARKlab Activities These are educator-designed

guided-inquiry lab activities that take students through the process of inquiry and investigation, promoting critical thinking and group discussion. The entire student experience takes place seamlessly and in real time through the power of SPARKscience. SPARKlabs in the Key Concepts in Science series includes background science content; setup guidance; seamless integration with data collection and analysis; embedded reflection and assessment prompts; student journals; science and technology career connections; and inquiry extensions.

Sensor Technology and Software These bundles bring together the sensors and apparatus you need to perform the SPARKlab activities. They include SPARKvue software and are designed to work on any platform, including the iPad, Android tablet, computer, or SPARK Science Learning System. Teacher Resources Each solution includes a Teacher Guide and

Teacher Lab Notes. These rich resources integrate inquiry and understanding. Each guide includes overviews of the books and SPARKlabs in the series, as well as a planning and pacing guide based on the 5E model of the learning cycle. You will also find the science background you need to address misconceptions and achieve teaching success. Also included are vocabulary strategies, ideas for customizing lessons for English Language Learners, assessments, and student worksheet masters.

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

165


Sally Ride Science

The complete Key Concepts in Earth Science solution includes: 12 original book titles: Each title explores one big idea, engaging students with stunning photography, colorful illustrations, and compelling narrative.

Key Concepts in Earth Science A career-based, hands-on program for teaching Earth Science in grades 4-8 Immerse your students in the fascinating science behind Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and landmasses, as well as space and the solar system. This program from the science and education experts at Sally Ride Science and PASCO takes students on a journey that helps them connect the big ideas in Earth Science to the world around them.

48 SPARKlab activities: These all-in-one interactive lab activities guide students through all phases of hands-on investigations. Sensor technology and software: We offer the sensors, apparatus, and SPARKvue software you need to perform the SPARKlab activities. Teacher resources: Teacher Guides and Teacher Lab Notes provide comprehensive planning and pacing guidance that helps you manage your time and customize your science instruction, along with tips for engaging all students.

Earth Science Books and SPARKlabs Earth’s Air: SPARKlabs include Full of Hot Air; Every Breath You Take; Out of Thin Air; Blowing Hot and Cold; and Vacuum Packed. Earth’s Climate: SPARKlabs include Weather Watch; Heat Trap; and Warm-up Act. Earth’s Energy: SPARKlabs include Catching Some Rays; Water Works; It’s a Breeze; All Wound Up; and Sunny Side Up. Earth’s Natural Resources: SPARKlabs include A River Runs Through It; Clean Enough to Drink?; and The Acid Test. Earth’s Water: SPARKlabs include Reflect On It; Rising to the Top; and Liquid Assets. Geologic Time: SPARKlabs include Digging for Clues; Get a Half-Life!; Never-Ending Story; The Daily Grind; and The Layered Look. Plate Tectonics: SPARKlabs include Stress Fractures; Collision Course; A Current Affair; Stretched to the Breaking Point; and Domino Effect. The Rock Cycle: SPARKlabs include Sedimentary, My Dear Watson; Mineral Mysteries; and Crystal Gazing. Space Exploration: SPARKlabs include Moving Forward; Going in Circles; Solar Express; 3,2,1 . . . Blast Off!; and When Push Comes to Shove. Sun, Earth, and Moon: SPARKlabs include The Reason for the Seasons; Star Light, Star Bright; and It’s Only a Phase. The Water Cycle: SPARKlabs include Weird, Wonderful Molecule; The Heat Is On!; Up, Up, and Away; What’s in the Water?; and Putting Water to the Test. Weathering and Erosion: SPARKlabs include Getting Carried Away; Carved by Chemistry; and All Washed Up.

This integrated, inquiry-based STEM program provides everything you need to teach the big ideas using the latest technology. Aligned to both state and national standards, the program stimulates students’ natural curiosity while building their science literacy and critical-thinking skills. The Key Concepts in Earth Science solution includes six copies of 12 captivating books and 48 engaging SPARKlabs, along with sensor-based lab stations, innovative Teacher Guides and Teacher Lab Notes, and an invitation to join the Sally Ride Science Community educators’ network.

SPARKlab in Action While exploring the key concept of plate tectonics, students measure the forces that cause stress fractures. This is just one of 48 SPARKlabs included in the Key Concepts in Earth Science solution.

For a complete listing of the concepts covered in the books and SPARKlabs, go to pasco.com/KeyConcepts See the opposite page for the complete Key Concepts in Earth Science solution ordering guide.

Using pasta as a model, students explore how much stress materials of different shapes can withstand before breaking.

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MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Key Concepts in Earth Science Solution Ordering Guide Choose your content. n Key Concepts in Earth Science Classroom Book Set PS-2322

n Key Concepts in Earth Science n Key Concepts in Earth Science Teacher Kit PS-2344 SPARKlabs PS-2387

Includes: 6 copies of 12 book titles.

Includes: Key Concepts in Earth Science SPARKlabs (teacher license), comprehensive Teacher Guide, Teacher Lab Notes, SPARKvue teacher license, and a SPARKlink Air.

See opposite page for titles.

Includes: A flash drive with 48 labs, Teacher Guide, and Teacher Lab Notes. See opposite page for titles.

Choose your sensors and apparatus. n Key Concepts in Earth Science Student Station PS-2345 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

USB Microscope Camera PS-2343 (page 69) Weather Sensor PS-2154A (page 218) Light Level Sensor PS-2177 (page 196) Sensor Extension Cable PS-2500 (page 218) pH Sensor PS-2102 (page 200) Fast Response Temperature Probe (3) PS-2135 (page 213) Force Sensor PS-2104 (page 188) Conductivity Sensor PS-2116A (page 186) Temperature Sensor PS-2125 (page 212)

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n Key Concepts in Earth Science Accessory Kit PS-2346 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

10-ohm Resistor 112-100 Mineral and Rock Kits PS-2314 1 W Solar Cell SE-8847 Wire Coil EM-6725 GOcar ME-6951

Select your student data collection system. Use as a standalone.

n SPARK Science Learning System™ PS-2008A

Use with your computer.

Use with your iPad or Android tablet.

n SPARKvue® Site License

n SPARKvue HD for iPad or Tablet

+

PS-2400

n SPARKlink® PS-2009

+

Add a Bluetooth interface

n SPARKlink Air PS-2011

Customize Your Earth Science Solution The Sally Ride Science Key Concepts in Earth Science solution can be customized to meet your specific needs. Our team will help you tailor your solution, including your choice of several professional development programs.

WE CAN HELP

Available Spring 2013

Contact us at KeyConcepts@pasco.com To download a complete brochure, go to pasco.com/KeyConcepts

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

167


Sally Ride Science

Key Concepts in Life Science

The complete Key Concepts in Life Science solution includes: 12 original book titles: Each title explores one big idea, engaging students with stunning photography, colorful illustrations, and compelling narrative.

A career-based, hands-on program for teaching Life Science in grades 4-8 Empower your students to explore the intriguing science surrounding Earth’s myriad living things and the interactions among them. This program from the science and education experts at Sally Ride Science and PASCO gives students the understanding they need to see the connections among the big ideas in Life Science.

48 SPARKlab activities: These all-in-one interactive lab activities guide students through all phases of hands-on investigations. Sensor technology and software: We offer the sensors, apparatus, and SPARKvue software you need to perform the SPARKlab activities. Teacher resources: Teacher Guides and Teacher Lab Notes provide comprehensive planning and pacing guidance that helps you manage your time and customize your science instruction, along with tips for engaging all students.

Life Science Books and SPARKlabs Adaptations: SPARKlabs include Variations, Invariably; One Thing Leads to Another; Nature’s Overcoat; Going Underground; and Leaf Lessons. Biodiversity: SPARKlabs include Healthy Soil, Healthy World; The Long and Short of It; It’s a Small, Small World; What’s for Lunch?; and Fungus Among Us. The Biosphere: SPARKlabs include Solar-Powered Planet; Home on the Biome; and Some Like It Hot. Cells: SPARKlabs include Up Close and Personal; Form and Function; Sized for Survival; Growth Factor; and The Meaning of Life. Flowering Plants: SPARKlabs include Go with the Phloem; Stop and Smell the Flowers; and Green Machines. Food Webs: SPARKlabs include Who’s on First?; Clean-Up Crew; and Pass the Energy, Please. Genetics: SPARKlabs include A Telling Twist; Life’s Instruction Book; The Chain Gang; A Tale of Two Traits; and Just My Type. Life Cycles: SPARKlabs include Copies and Clones; The Waiting Game; and A Double Life. Organic Molecules: SPARKlabs include The Chill Factor; A Bonding Experience; Cold Case; Energy to Burn; and Bent Out of Shape. Photosynthesis and Respiration: SPARKlabs include Sugar Power; Energy Grabber; and Wastes Away. Plant and Animal Systems: SPARKlabs include A Root Awakening; Food for Thought; Endless Exchange; Let’s Coordinate!; and Get a Grip. Vertebrates: SPARKlabs include Sensitive Creatures; Finger Food; and Warm and Fuzzy.

For a complete listing of the concepts covered in the books and SPARKlabs, go to pasco.com/KeyConcepts

This integrated, inquiry-based STEM program provides everything you need to teach the big ideas using the latest technology. Aligned to both state and national standards, the program stimulates students’ natural curiosity while building their science literacy and critical-thinking skills. The Key Concepts in Life Science solution includes six copies of 12 captivating books and 48 engaging SPARKlabs, along with sensorbased lab stations, innovative Teacher Guides and Teacher Lab Notes, and an invitation to join the Sally Ride Science Community educators’ network.

SPARKlab in Action While exploring the key concept of biodiversity, students dissect an owl pellet and examine the contents with a microscope. This is just one of 48 SPARKlabs included in the Key Concepts in Life Science solution.

See the opposite page for the complete Key Concepts in Life Science solution ordering guide.

Students dissect an owl pellet, use a microscope to examine the bones they find, and draw conclusions about the owl’s food web.

168

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Key Concepts in Life Science Solution Ordering Guide Choose your content. n Key Concepts in Life Science Classroom Book Set PS-2348

n Key Concepts in Life Science Teacher Kit PS-2364

n Key Concepts in Life Science SPARKlabs PS-2361

Includes: 6 copies of 12 book titles.

Includes: Key Concepts in Life Science SPARKlabs (teacher license), comprehensive Teacher Guide, Teacher Lab Notes, SPARKvue teacher license, and a SPARKlink Air.

Includes: A flash drive with 48 labs, Teacher Guide, and Teacher Lab Notes.

See opposite page for titles.

See opposite page for titles.

Choose your sensors and apparatus. n Key Concepts in Life Science Student Station PS-2365

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

USB Microscope Camera PS-2343 (page 69) CO2 Sensor PS-2110 (page 29) Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor PS-2186 (page 37) Absolute Pressure Sensor PS-2107 (page 206) Kena Digital Microscope SE-7236 (page 26)

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n Key Concepts in Life Science Accessory Kit PS-2422 1. Genetics Modeling Kit SE-2071 (page 34) 2. Metabolism Chamber ME-6936 (page 29) 3. EcoChamber ME-6667 (page 28)

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Select your student data collection system. Use as a standalone.

n SPARK Science Learning System™ PS-2008A

Use with your computer.

Use with your iPad or Android tablet.

n SPARKvue® Site License

n SPARKvue HD for iPad or Tablet

+

PS-2400

n SPARKlink® PS-2009

+

Add a Bluetooth interface

n SPARKlink Air PS-2011

Available Spring 2013

Customize Your Life Science Solution The Sally Ride Science Key Concepts in Life Science solution can be customized to meet your specific needs. Our team will help you tailor your solution, including your choice of several professional development programs. WE CAN HELP

Contact us at KeyConcepts@pasco.com To download a complete brochure, go to pasco.com/KeyConcepts

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

169


Sally Ride Science

The complete Key Concepts in Physical Science solution includes: 12 original book titles: Each title explores one big idea, engaging students with stunning photography, colorful illustrations, and compelling narrative.

Key Concepts in Physical Science A career-based, hands-on program for teaching Physical Science in grades 4-8 Help your students master the science behind elements and compounds; motion and forces; and energy and energy transformations, and grasp how they shape our world and Universe. This program from the science and education experts at Sally Ride Science and PASCO helps students make the connections between the big ideas in Physical Science and the world around them.

48 SPARKlab activities: These all-in-one interactive lab activities guide students through all phases of hands-on investigations. Sensor technology and software: We offer the sensors, apparatus, and SPARKvue software you need to perform the SPARKlab activities. Teacher resources: Teacher Guides and Teacher Lab Notes provide comprehensive planning and pacing guidance that helps you manage your time and customize your science instruction, along with tips for engaging all students.

Physical Science Books and SPARKlabs Elements and Compounds: SPARKlabs include Conductor Races; Delayed Reaction; Lights, Color, Action!; Remarkable Reactions; and When Atoms Stick Together. Energy Basics: SPARKlabs include Temperature Hunt; Ready to Rocket; and The Rain Maker. Energy Transformations: SPARKlabs include All Shook Up; Battery Power!; Electrifying Electromagnets; Full Steam Ahead; and The Comeback Can. Forces: SPARKlabs include Balancing Act; Before the Big One; It All Adds Up; Mass Matters; and The Friction Factor. Gravity: SPARKlabs include Faster! Faster!; Look Out Below!; Putting Up Resistance; To the Moon and Beyond; and What Goes Up. Heat: SPARKlabs include Energy on the Move; Bringing the Heat; and Going the Distance. Light: SPARKlabs include Across the Spectrum; Color Decoded; Everything Is Illuminated; Just Passing Through; and Turning the Corner. Motion: SPARKlabs include Walk This Way; What’s Your Speed?; and This Way and That Way. Physical Properties of Matter: SPARKlabs include How Matter Measures Up; How Low Can You Go?; and Dense and Denser. Solids, Liquids, and Gases: SPARKlabs include Density Dilemma; I Scream, You Scream; Meltdown!; On the Rise; and The Great Escape. Sound: SPARKlabs include Good Vibrations; Have You Heard?; and Right Back at You. Units of Measurement: SPARKlabs include It’s Official; That’s About the Size of It; and Setting a Standard.

For a complete listing of the concepts covered in the books and SPARKlabs, go to pasco.com/KeyConcepts

This integrated, inquiry-based STEM program provides everything you need to teach the big ideas using the latest technology. Aligned to both state and national standards, the program stimulates students’ natural curiosity while building their science literacy and critical-thinking skills. The Key Concepts in Physical Science solution includes six copies of 12 captivating books and 48 engaging SPARKlabs, along with sensor-based lab stations, innovative Teacher Guides and Teacher Lab Notes, and an invitation to join the Sally Ride Science Community educators’ network.

SPARKlab in Action While exploring the key concept of energy transformations, students construct their own batteries. This is just one of 48 SPARKlabs included in the Key Concepts in Physical Science solution.

See the opposite page for the complete Key Concepts in Physical Science solution ordering guide.

Students insert a length of copper wire and a galvanized nail into a piece of fruit and discover that voltage is produced–the fruit is a battery!

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MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Key Concepts in Physical Science Solution Ordering Guide Choose your content. n Key Concepts in Physical Science Classroom Book Set PS-2366 Includes: 6 copies of 12 book titles. See opposite page for titles.

n Key Concepts in Physical Science Teacher Kit PS-2385

n Key Concepts in Physical Science SPARKlabs PS-2383

Includes: Key Concepts in Physical Science SPARKlabs (teacher license), comprehensive Teacher Guide, Teacher Lab Notes, SPARKvue teacher license, and a SPARKlink Air.

Includes: A flash drive with 48 labs, Teacher Guide, and Teacher Lab Notes. See opposite page for titles.

Choose your sensors and apparatus. n Key Concepts in Physical Science Student Station PS-2389 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Force Sensor PS-2104 (page 188) Motion Sensor PS-2103A (page 200) Temp/Sound Level/Light Sensor PS-2140 (page 210) Sensor Extension Cable PS-2500 (page 218) Fast Response Temperature Probe (3) PS-2135 (page 213) Conductivity Sensor PS-2116A (page 186) Stainless Steel Temperature Probe PS-2153 (page 213) 1

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n Key Concepts in Physical Science Accessory Kit PS-2386 1. Photogate Accessory Kit ME-8752 2. Motion Sensor Guard SE-7256

Select your student data collection system. Use as a standalone.

n SPARK Science Learning System™ PS-2008A

Use with your computer.

Use with your iPad or Android tablet.

n SPARKvue® Site License

n SPARKvue HD for iPad or Tablet

+

PS-2400

n SPARKlink® PS-2009

+

Add a Bluetooth interface

n SPARKlink Air PS-2011

Available Spring 2013

Customize Your Physical Science Solution The Sally Ride Science Key Concepts in Physical Science solution can be customized to meet your specific needs. Our team will help you tailor your solution, including your choice of several professional development programs. WE CAN HELP

Contact us at KeyConcepts@pasco.com To download a complete brochure, go to pasco.com/KeyConcepts

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

171


Sally Ride Science

Caring for Our Earth Give your students a solid, inquiry-based foundation in the science underlying two of today’s hottest topics with these two solutions from Sally Ride Science and PASCO: Earth’s Precious Resources and Our Changing Climate. Each solution consists of four highly engaging books and ten interactive SPARKlab activities, along with sensor-based lab stations and Teacher Lab Notes.

Earth’s Precious Resources

Students explore Earth’s precious resources, the many challenges we face in protecting them, and approaches for conservation. For a more complete description of these modules, see pasco.com/SallyRideScience

Earth’s Precious Resources Books and SPARKlabs The four books in this series are:

Our Changing Climate Help your students develop an understanding of the global impacts of climate change—epic changes affecting the atmosphere and every continent, ocean, and ecosystem around the world. For a more complete description of these modules, see pasco.com/SallyRideScience

Our Changing Climate Books and SPARKlabs The four books in this series are:

A Clean Air

A Ecosystems

A Clean Energy

A The Atmosphere

A Clean Water

A The Oceans

A Living Green

A The Poles

The ten SPARKlabs in this series are:

The ten SPARKlabs in this series are:

A Our Air–Don’t Forget It’s There

A It’s a Gas!

A Up and Up

A Evaporation in Action

A Taking Measure of Acid Rain

A A Walk on the Beach

A Photoelectric FX

A H2O Chem

A Nature’s Solar Panels

A Carbon-Nation

A Big Glass of Ocean?

A Slow to Cool, Slow to Warm

A Go with the Flow

A Melt Mania

A Lasso the Sun’s Energy

A Rise Up

A You Know What a Greenhouse Is, Right?

A No Bones About It

A Eco-Friendly Cooling System

A Melt-o-Rama

SPARKlab in Action This activity from Our Changing Climate gives students an understanding of how the oceans affect levels of greenhouse gases by absorbing carbon dioxide.

Students explore how water absorbs carbon dioxide in the Sally Ride Science SPARKlab Carbon-Nation.

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As a student blows through a straw, the pH level of a water sample drops immediately and then levels off. This leads to a discussion of how much dissolved carbon dioxide a body of water can absorb.

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Earth’s Precious Resources and Our Changing Climate Ordering Guide Choose your content. n Sally Ride Science Earth’s Precious Resources Classroom Book Set PS-2018

n Sally Ride Science Our Changing Climate Classroom Book Set PS-2014

Includes: 8 copies each of 4 books: Clean Air, Clean Energy, Clean Water, and Living Green.

Includes: 8 copies each of these 4 books: Ecosystems, The Atmosphere, The Oceans, and The Poles.

n Sally Ride Science Earth’s Precious Resources Teacher Kit PS-2330 labs

labs

labs

labs

labs

Includes: 10 SPARKlabs.

See opposite page for titles.

See opposite page for titles.

Choose your sensors and apparatus. labs

labs

labs

labs

labs

labs

n Sally Ride Science Earth’s Precious Resources Student Station PS-2017

n Sally Ride Science Our Changing Climate Student Station PS-2013

1. Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 2. Conductivity Sensor PS-2116A 3. Sensor Extension Cable PS-2500

1. Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 2. 6-in-1 Weather Sensor PS-2154A 3. Sensor Extension Cable PS-2500

labs

labs

1

2

labs

n Sally Ride Science Our Changing Climate SPARKlabs PS-2464

Includes: 10 SPARKlabs.

labs

labs

Includes: Our Changing Climate SPARKlabs (teacher license), Teacher Lab Notes, SPARKvue teacher license, and a SPARKlink Air.

labs

n Sally Ride Science Earth’s Precious Resources SPARKlabs PS-2465 labs

labs

n Sally Ride Science Our Changing Climate Teacher Kit PS-2329

labs

Includes: Earth’s Precious Resources SPARKlabs (teacher license), Teacher Lab Notes, SPARKvue teacher license, and a SPARKlink Air. labs

labs

3

1

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Select your student data collection system. Use as a standalone.

n SPARK Science Learning System™ PS-2008A

Use with your computer.

Use with your iPad or Android tablet.

n SPARKvue® Site License

n SPARKvue HD for iPad or Tablet

+

PS-2400

n SPARKlink® PS-2009

+

Add a Bluetooth interface

n SPARKlink Air PS-2011

Available Spring 2013

Customize Your Sally Ride Science Solution The Sally Ride Science solution can be customized to meet your specific needs. There are more options available online, and our team will be happy to help you tailor your solution, including your choice of several professional development programs. Contact us at pasco.com/SallyRideScience WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

173


STEM

New PASCO STEM Modules PASCO’s new STEM modules integrate the four components of STEM through an engineering design challenge in the life or physical sciences, with a tangible product or process as the outcome.

Each STEM module includes:

A Student handouts and information to assist the teacher in presenting, guiding, and assessing the students’ work

A Guided by the national standards

A Incorporates a problem-based learning approach, emphasizing inquiry

A A Research section that contains science and math activities (both student handouts and teacher notes)

A Challenge and Activity handouts, which are designed to be copied and used for multiple classes

A The Concluding the Module section with wrap-up questions for discussion and Post-assessment handouts for the students with answer key for the teacher

A Incorporates both independent and collaborative work A Includes both formative and summative assessments A Features an engineering design challenge as the culminating project Each PASCO STEM module is centered on an open-ended Challenge in which students are given the task of designing, constructing, and implementing the solution to an engineering problem. The Challenge is based on fundamental science concepts in one or more of the sciences and simulates a real-world problem that a modern engineer might encounter, with similar design constraints. For an illustration, see the example on page 181 of our STEM Air Bag module.

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4 STEM Modules: A Air Bag A Biosphere A Egg Drop A Collisions

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM

For details, see pages 176-177.


An In-Depth Look at the STEM Air Bag Module Do your students struggle with stoichiometry? Are they asking, “Why do we have to do this?” PASCO’s Air Bag Module gives students a meaningful application of chemical reactions, stoichiometry, reaction rates, and gas laws. In PASCO’s Air Bag Module, students are challenged to build an air bag that, when triggered, will inflate to a given pressure as quickly as possible. Students are limited by a set of constraints, including being able to use only sodium bicarbonate and acetic acid as the reactants inside their air bag. The module guides students through an engineering process to learn about, design, build, and test their air bags. Students start the module by writing down their initial ideas. Once their ideas are recorded, they are guided through a series of research activities designed to teach them the core chemistry concepts needed to calculate the amount and concentration of each reactant they must use to inflate their air bag to the specified pressure. After each activity, students reassess their air bag design and make any necessary changes. After the research phase, each student will finalize their own air bag design and then they will get into groups to create the best possible group design. Each group will construct one air bag and test it to see how well it meets the design requirements. After testing their air bags, students will evaluate their design and suggest ways to improve it.

WE CAN HELP

Students notice that the pressure does not change while the airbag inflates and increases once the maximum volume had been reached.

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SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

175


STEM

STEM: Air Bag

STEM: Biosphere

Chemistry: Grades 9-12 This module guides students through the engineering design process, culminating in the construction of an air bag. Activities in the module are designed to help students make important decisions including the variables that affect pressure, amounts and concentration of reactants, and the factors that affect the rate of a chemical reaction.

In this module, students are challenged to create a model ecosystem indefinitely sustain an ecosystem consisting of physical and biological components of their choosing. To assist students in developing a data-driven design, there are five activities that address a conceptual component or skill required to construct a successful model:

A Understanding Pressure

A Standardizing Data

A Pressure and Chemical Reactions

A Plant Photosynthesis and Respiration

A Volume

A Cellular Respiration in Animals

A Reactions Rates

A Decomposition

A Ecological Accounting

In these activities students will explore pressure and volume. They will perform research activities around stoichiometry and reaction rates. After overcoming the design challenges of constructing an airbag and attaching a pressure sensor, they will determine the stoichiometric ratio of reactants to produce the correct amount of pressure to inflate their air bag in the shortest time possible. After testing their air bags, students will suggest ways to improve their design.

Understanding Pressure SPARKlab activity, one of 4 in the Air Bag module.

Biology/Life Sciences: Grades 9-12

In these activities students measure the carbon dioxide levels in a closed environment and then calculate the appropriate balance of producers and consumers to build a stable micro environment. Finally, they construct and observe their biosphere for several days to validate their design.

Cellular Respiration in Animals SPARKlab, one of 5 in the Biosphere module.

Air Bag Module

Biosphere Module

Teacher License PS-2983

Teacher License PS-2980

Includes spiral-bound teacher manual.

Includes spiral-bound teacher manual.

Air Bag Module Flash Drive only PS-2984

Biosphere Module Flash Drive only PS-2981

One per teacher (one license for all your classes).

One per teacher (one license for all your classes).

Also Available: Gas Laws Accessory Kit PS-2938 For required sensors and other materials, see pasco.com/STEMmodules

176

For required sensors and other materials, see pasco.com/STEMmodules

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


STEM: Egg Drop

STEM: Collisions

Physics/Physical Science: Grades 6-8 This module gives students a problem-based engineering project to design and build an apparatus protecting a raw egg from cracking when dropped from 6 meters. This challenge is supported by 5 sensor-based math and physical science lab activities, where students gain knowledge of the fundamental math and physical science topics involved:

Physics: Grades 9-12 Students are challenged to engineer a mock automobile bumper that will absorb the most force in an impact, while maintaining the smallest footprint (size and weight) possible. Designing a bumper that can absorb impact is simple, but designing a bumper that must also conform to specific design constraints such as size and mass is not. Through four activities, students will develop the conceptual foundation and mathematical approach to meet the design challenge. These activities include:

A Reading Graphs

A Acceleration and Gravity

A Force

A Air Drag

A Impact Force

A Area Under a Curve

A Momentum

Through these activities, students explore objects in free fall and learn to calculate the theoretical final velocity of their egg drop apparatus at impact. Using their theoretical final velocity and Newton’s Second Law, they determine the force the egg will experience when it hits the ground (the force they need to reduce!). The remaining activities give students the background to minimize the forces of impact. Combining this knowledge, students build their apparatus based not only on intuition, but on real empirical results and informed science-based ideas.

A Momentum-Impulse

A Peak Force

Acceleration and Gravity SPARKlab activity, one of 5 in the Egg Drop module.

Momentum SPARKlab activity, one of 4 in the Collisions module.

Through their “engineering research” gained from these activities, students will have acquired the tools and knowledge necessary to design and build a successful prototype bumper.

Egg Drop Module

Collisions Module

Teacher License PS-2989

Teacher License PS-2986

Includes spiral-bound teacher manual.

Includes spiral-bound teacher manual.

Egg Drop Module Flash Drive only PS-2990

Collisions Module Flash Drive only PS-2987

For required sensors and other materials, see pasco.com/STEMmodules

For required sensors and other materials, see pasco.com/STEMmodules

One per teacher (one license for all your classes).

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One per teacher (one license for all your classes).

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177


Sensors

PASPORT Sensors Index Sensors

Part Number

Page Number

Acceleration (2-axis) ................................PS-2118 182 Acceleration (3-axis) ................................PS-2119 182 Accelerometer/Altimeter (3-axis) ............PS-2136 182 Accelerometer (Visual).............................PS-2128 183 Advanced Chemistry................................PS-2172 180 Barometer/Low Pressure.........................PS-2113A 184 Blood Pressure .........................................PS-2207 184 Breath Rate .............................................PS-2187 184 Carbon Dioxide Gas .................................PS-2110 185 Charge ......................................................PS-2132 185 Chemistry .................................................PS-2170 180, 195 Colorimeter ..............................................PS-2121 186 Conductivity .............................................PS-2116A 186 Current (High) ..........................................PS-2193 186 Displacement ...........................................PS-2204 204 Dissolved Oxygen ....................................PS-2108 198 Drop Counter (High Accuracy).................PS-2117 187 EKG...........................................................PS-2111 187 Ethanol .....................................................PS-2194 188 216 ezSample™ Water Quality Kits ................Various Flow Rate/Temperature ...........................PS-2130 189 Force ........................................................PS-2104 190 Force (High Resolution) ...........................PS-2189 190 Force Platform .........................................PS-2141 189 Force Platform (2-axis) ............................PS-2142 189 Galvanometer ...........................................PS-2160 192 General Science .......................................PS-2168 181, 210 Goniometer ..............................................PS-2137 192 GPS Position ............................................PS-2175 193 Heart Rate (Exercise) ...............................PS-2129A 194 Heart Rate (Hand Grip) ............................PS-2186 194 Humidity/Temp/Dew Point ......................PS-2124A 195 Humidity (Dual) ........................................PS-2156 194 Ion Selective Electrodes ..........................Various 195 Light .........................................................PS-2106A 196 Light (Broad Spectrum) ...........................PS-2150 196 Light (High Sensitivity) ............................PS-2176 197 Light (Infrared) .........................................PS-2148 197 Light (UVA) ...............................................PS-2149 197 Light Level Lux .........................................PS-2177 196 Load Cells and Amplifiers ........................Various 198 Magnetic Field .........................................PS-2112 199 Magnetic Field (2-axis) ............................PS-2162 199 Motion ......................................................PS-2103A 200 Motion, Rotary .........................................PS-2120 201 Oxygen Gas .............................................PS-2126A 202 Oxidation Reduction Potential .................CI-6716 202 pH .............................................................PS-2102 202 pH Flat Electrode .....................................PS-2182 203

178

Sensors

Part Number

pH/Temp with ISE/ORP Amplifier .............PS-2147 Photogate and Accessories .....................Various Pressure (Absolute) .................................PS-2107 Pressure (Absolute) Temperature ............PS-2146 Pressure (Dual) ........................................PS-2181 Pressure (Barometer/ Low Pressure)........PS-2113A Pressure (Quad) .......................................PS-2164 Pressure (Relative) ...................................PS-2114 Radiation (Alpha Beta Gamma) ...............PS-2166 Respiration Rate .......................................PS-2133 Salinity ......................................................PS-2195 Soil Moisture ............................................PS-2163 Sound Level .............................................PS-2109 Spectrometer (Amadeus) ........................SE-7183 Spirometer................................................PS-2152 Temperature .............................................PS-2125 Temperature (Array) .................................PS-2157 Temperature (Fast Response) .................PS-2135 Temperature (Quad) .................................PS-2143 Temperature (Skin/Surface).....................PS-2131 Temperature (Stainless Steel) .................PS-2153 Temperature (Type K) ..............................PS-2134 Temperature (Type K - 4 Port) .................PS-2127 Temperature/Sound Level/Light ..............PS-2140 Temperature (Non-contact) .....................PS-2197 Thermocline .............................................PS-2151 Time-of-Flight ...........................................ME-6810 Turbidity....................................................PS-2122 Voltage/Current ........................................PS-2115 Water Quality ...........................................PS-2169 Water Quality Colorimeter .......................PS-2179 Weather....................................................PS-2154A Weather/Anemometer .............................PS-2174

Page Number 195 204 206 206 207 207 207 207 208 208 209 209 210 211 211 212 214 213 214 213 213 214 214 181, 210 212 214 205 215 215 181, 217 216 218 218

PASPORT Adapters Analog Adapter ........................................PS-2158 Digital Adapter .........................................PS-2159

219 219

Other Products SPARKvue HD for iPad ...................................................... 220 SPARKvue HD for Android tablets .................................... 222 Interfaces and Dataloggers................................................ 224 Xplorer GLX ........................................................................ 226 Intel Learning Series .......................................................... 227 SPARKvue Software .......................................................... 228 My World GIS .................................................................... 230 Online Academy for Math & Science ................................ 231 Labware.............................................................................. 232

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


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179


Sensors Chemistry Sensor PS-2170

Only from PASCO MultiMeasure Sensors incorporate several sensors into one case. Just plug in a MultiMeasure Sensor and instantly you can take all the measurements for one experiment or activity. A Less expensive than individual sensors A Eliminate the tangle of cords when using several sensors

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Voltage Probe, built-in Pressure Sensor, 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors.

This all-in-one sensor measures temperature, pH, gas pressure, and voltage, and all measurements can be made simultaneously. This sensor provides a convenient solution for exploring gas laws, performing acid–base investigations, studying oxidation–reduction reactions, and more. Easy-to-use design requires no calibration.

Advanced Chemistry Sensor

A Save precious time in managing and inventorying sensors (it’s much easier to manage a classroom set of 8 sensors than 32 sensors)

PS-2172

Acceleration (2-axis) .......................PS-2118

p. 182

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Conductivity Probe, built-in Pressure Sensor, 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors.

Acceleration (3-axis) .......................PS-2119

p. 182

Available Spring 2013

Acceleration/Altimeter (3-axis) ......PS-2136

p. 182

Product Name

Part #

Page #

Advanced Chemistry .......................PS-2172

p. 180

Chemistry ........................................PS-2170

p. 180

Colorimeter......................................PS-2121

p. 186

Flow Rate/Temperature ..................PS-2130

p. 189

Force Platform (2-axis) ....................PS-2142

p. 189

General Science ..............................PS-2168

p. 181

Humidity (Dual) ...............................PS-2156

p. 194

This sensor gives you broad coverage of core chemistry topics with simultaneous measurements! Measure pressure, temperature, pH, and conductivity. Use it to experiment in topics ranging from electrolytes and acid-base reactions to gas laws and thermochemistry. Acid-base, thermometric, and conductometric titrations are now possible, individually or simultaneously, all with one sensor!

Humidity/Temp/Dew Point..............PS-2124A p. 195 Magnetic Field (2-axis) ...................PS-2162

p. 199

pH/Temp with ISE/ORP Amplifier (High Precision) ...........................PS-2147

p. 195

Pressure (Absolute) Temp ...............PS-2146

p. 206

Pressure (Dual) ................................PS-2181

p. 207

Pressure (Quad) ...............................PS-2164

p. 207

Temperature (Array of 8) .................PS-2157

p. 214

Temperature (Quad).........................PS-2143

p. 214

Temperature/Sound Level/Light .....PS-2140

p. 181

Temperature (Type K 4-Port) ...........PS-2127

p. 214

Thermocline Depth & Temperature ................................PS-2151

p. 214

Voltage/Current ...............................PS-2115

p. 215

Water Quality ..................................PS-2169

p. 181

Steel wool captures oxygen molecules to form iron (III) oxide (rust), and illustrates partial pressures.

Students of all ages can quickly and easily determine the pH of different solutions.

Removing the oxygen from the air removes the pressure caused by the oxygen molecules.

Capture quick point measurements of pH, or graph pH changes over time.

Weather ..........................................PS-2154A p. 218 Weather/Anemometer ....................PS-2174

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p. 218

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General Science Sensor

Temperature/Sound Level/Light Sensor

Water Quality Sensor

PS-2168

PS-2140

PS-2169

Includes built-in Light and Sound Sensors, Stainless Steel Temperature Probe and Voltage Probe.

Includes Ambient Temperature, Light, and Sound Level Sensors.

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Dissolved Oxygen Probe, and Conductivity Probe.

Simultaneously measure temperature, light, sound level, and voltage — all with just one sensor! Measure the change in temperature of a cooling liquid, monitor noise levels in the classroom or in the field, or study the electrical discharge of capacitors.

Three popular sensors in one! Simultaneously measure temperature, sound, and light levels. Study how light, heat, and sound relate to energy and compare environmental conditions among various species of plants. The possibilities are endless.

Practically a one-piece water quality lab, this sensor measures water temperature, pH (acidity), dissolved oxygen, and conductivity simultaneously. It provides a convenient solution for studying water quality or aquatic biology. Investigate drinking-water purity, study acid rain, or study photosynthesis.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A Easy-to-use design requires no calibration A Versatile combination of sensors makes this a good overall solution for a General Science lab

A Use with our GPS Position Sensor to map data and correlate with locations A Measure each quantity individually or any combination of the three

A Use each component separately or in any combination you choose A Ideal for Environmental Science or Biology classrooms

Sensor has three selectable ranges for low, indoors, and outdoor measurements.

Designed for introductory level explorations of the physical environment.

Use a single sensor to understand an estuary.

Collect and view different measurements at the same time.

Display how the sensor reads your world.

All four parameters can be measured together over time to see how the estuary changes during a day.

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181


Sensors 3-Axis Acceleration/Altimeter PS-2136

Acceleration Sensor (3-Axis)

Acceleration Sensor (2-Axis)

PS-2119

PS-2118

Includes mounting bracket to attach to PAScars and sensor extension cable.

Includes mounting bracket to attach to PAScars and sensor extension cable.

Simultaneously measure changes in altitude and capture acceleration data in all three spatial dimensions. Analyze amusement park rides using real data and explore the physics behind other recreational activities such as skiing. Use with our GPS Position Sensor to further enrich the analysis.

Acceleration in 3D! Measure acceleration in all three dimensions of space at once and automatically calculate strength of the resulting overall acceleration. Explore Newton’s Laws of Motion, study accelerations in collisions, and introduce and enhance the understanding of vectors.

High sensitivity for small accelerations and fast response for collisions – only PASCO offers students both with just the touch of a button. Attach this sensor to a cart to study Newton’s Laws, or investigate centripetal acceleration on a rotating platform. Even measure the acceleration of a hand while tossing a ball.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A Measures in m/s2 or g’s and calculates the overall acceleration resultant.

A High sensitivity and fast response rate means even low-impact actions can be studied.

A Altimeter can measure altitude changes as small as 30 cm.

A Response rate can be slowed at the push of a button to provide smoother data.

A H  igh sample rate (20Hz max) provides useful data for almost any application.

A Can be easily mounted to PASCO carts.

How much acceleration do you experience on a swing?

Collect X-, Y- and Z- ASAP. All three axes can be collected simultaneously at 100 samples per second.

Mount to dynamics cart to help students understand how acceleration changes with track angle.

Capture all the subtleties of motion such as increase in acceleration as the swing increases in amplitude.

The faster sampling rate lets you see all the details of a complex, fast phenomenon.

Directly measure the acceleration experienced by a cart due to gravity.

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THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A Wider range than most accelerometers for a greater variety of experiments A Always mounted in the correct orientation


Wireless Solutions

Visual Accelerometer PS-2128

SPARKscience for iPad® and Android™ Tablets

Includes plastic screws for attaching to a PAScar, sensor extension cable, and 3 AA batteries.

Have tablets for your science program and just need to connect sensors? No problem. We have the simple answer. It’s the same solution for your iPad and Adroid tablets. Select our AirLink 2 or SPARKlink Air and connect any of more than 70 PASPORT sensors to your existing tablets. Then add our SPARKvue HD app for iPad and select Android tablets.

What can be hard to explain can be easy to show with the Visual Accelerometer. Introduce acceleration, study centripetal acceleration and forces, and learn about simple harmonic motion. Take it in the field and study acceleration while riding in a car or an elevator.

SPARKlink® Air

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A Measures in three ranges so gentle and sudden accelerations can both be analyzed. A Sensor auto-scales for maximum sensitivity.

Mounts directly to PASCO dynamics carts.

Conveniently store and charge up to 5 SPARKlink Air interfaces with a single power source. SPARKlink Airs sold separately.

A Tare (zero) button compensates for the orientation of the sensor and makes sure only actual accelerations are measured.

PS-2516

Two sensor ports for connecting sensors to your computer and mobile devices via USB or Bluetooth make the SPARKlink Air ideal for schools with computers, tablets, or a mixture of both.

SPARKlink® Air Charging Station

A Sensor can retain its peak value for accelerations that occur too quickly for the eye to see.

Visual Accelerometer Accessory Kit

Available Spring 2013

See and measure the lateral acceleration involved in simple harmonic motion.

SPARKvue® HD

Includes 4 string pendulum plate, plastic rod clamps (2), 1/4-20, 5cm long thumbscrews with nuts (4) and a roll of thread. The new SPARKvue HD app brings realtime sensor data collection, visualization and analysis for inquiry-based science to your iPad or Android tablet.

See page 13 for order information. Clear data combined with the built-in visual cues to reinforce student understanding.

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183


Sensors Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor PS-2113A Includes tubing and quick-release connectors (for low pressure experiments).

Blood Pressure Sensor PS-2207 (Standard Cuff) PS-2208 (Small Cuff) PS-2209 (Large Cuff)

Breath Rate Sensor PS-2187 Includes Masks (10) and Clips (10).

All models include a sensor and an arm cuff with inflation bulb. Most students use standard sized cuff. For size assistance, see pasco.com

Also Available: Replacement Masks (10 Pack) PS-2567 Replacement Clips (10 Pack) PS-2568

This highly sensitive sensor detects very small changes in pressure. Measure changes in air pressure as weather changes, open a door to change room pressure, or compare pressure at a room’s ceiling and floor to see how elevation affects air pressure.

Our Blood Pressure Sensor allows students to quickly and easily measure both systolic and diastolic arterial blood pressure as well as heart rate. Use this sensor to help students gain a contextual understanding of the physiology of blood pressure.

Measuring breath rate is as easy as breathing. Study physical fitness by measuring breath rate before, during, and after exercise. Add our Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor and Blood Pressure Sensor for a more complete study of exercise physiology.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A Sensor is sensitive down to ±0.001 in Hg

A Students determine blood pressure using familiar methods

A C lip the end of the sensing tube to a common dust mask worn by test subject for easy use

A V isualizing measurements simultaneously gives students a better understanding of blood pressure in their body

A S ensor provides stable output even during exercise for ease of analysis

Catch a storm – and monitor it quantitatively.

Students determine blood pressure using familiar methods.

Determine breath rate while exercising.

Show the barometric pressure change as a low pressure front passes through.

Visualizing measurements simultaneously gives students a better understanding of blood pressure.

Track breath rate before, during, and after activity.

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A Measure the rate of plant transpiration with air pressure using included accessories


Carbon Dioxide Gas Sensor

Charge Sensor

PS-2110

PS-2132

Includes Sensor Extension Cable and 250-mL sampling bottle with cap.

Includes 0.9 m shield cable with alligator clips.

The topic is in the news, and now you can study it in your classroom. Measure the concentration of CO2 gas in a closed system or in the environment. Study many topics with this versatile probe, such as CO2 uptake during photosynthesis, indoor vs. outdoor CO2 levels or air quality, and CO2 output of combustion engines.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A C alibrates easily and instantly with the push of a button A W ide range (from 0 to 300,000 ppm) allows data collection in low or high-concentration situations A L arge vent-hole design means faster response times and quicker data collection

Measure the amount and the polarity of electric charge present. Demonstrate and measure charging by induction, use as a replacement for an electroscope, or explore the distribution of charge across a surface. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A N o guessing – the polarity of the charge is shown automatically A Built-in push-button tare A High input impedance means repeatable results

Directly compare separate controlled environments.

Illuminate the process of germination.

Measure the influence of crickets on two otherwise identical systems.

See the whole picture by observing CO 2 production and oxygen consumption together.

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Immediately see the polarity and the quantity of charge present on an object.

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185


Sensors Colorimeter

Conductivity Sensor

High Current Sensor

PS-2121

PS-2116A

PS-2193

Includes 5 glass cuvettes, storage case and Sensor Extension Cable.

Includes Conductivity Probe, 10x

Also available: Cuvette and Caps (Set of 6) PS-2509

Determine the concentration of a solution with ease! Study absorbance vs. concentration to explore Beer’s Law, and measure chemical rates of reaction.

Measure the electrical conductivity of a solution. Investigate the purity of drinking water and compare how fresh water and salt water conduct electricity.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A Simultaneous data collection in four wavelengths (colors) of light increases accuracy of results and reduces frustration caused by missing data

A Three different ranges are selectable at the push of a button without recalibration, allowing a wide variety of experiments to be performed

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A Sensor has a platinum probe, giving more accurate and reliable results and reducing uncertainty and frustration

A Resolution of 0.5 mA allows incredibly accurate data collection

Set up in seconds and collect individual measurements with ease.

The sensor automatically indicates when a range is exceeded to give you optimum performance.

The wide range gives you great flexibility in the circuits you can measure.

The AP* Biology osmosis lab has never been more straightforward.

Quickly and clearly determine the conductivity of a water sample in the lab or in the field.

Capture peak current output of a capacitor discharge.

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A Sensor calibrates in all wavelengths automatically in one step A Rates of reaction experiments can be conducted easily due to five readings per second sample rate

The High Current Sensor has a low resistance-sensing element (0.01 Ί). It can measure up to 10 A, and it has an LED over-current indicator. Use with large Farad capacitors or in other high-current situations. A Dynamic variable over-sampling reduces measurement noise at low sample rates


Dissolved Oxygen Sensor

High-Accuracy Drop Counter

PS-2108

PS-2117

Includes Dissolved Oxygen Probe.

Includes Micro Stir Bar plus a stainless steel sensor rod for easy attachment to a ring stand.

Measure how much oxygen is dissolved in a solution. Study water quality and many biological processes such as photosynthesis. This sensor allows even small changes in dissolved oxygen concentrations to be observed.

A great sensor for experiments where every drop counts—literally! Use the Drop Counter in tandem with our pH Sensor to accurately determine the equivalence point in an acid–base titration. It works equally well with large or small, fast or slow drops.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A IR filter assures accurate counts because room lighting cannot affect results A Sensor unit can suspend up to three other probes in solution, simplifying many experiments A Wider drop window (18x13mm) for better drop detection and easier alignment with burettes

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A Temperature compensation assures consistent measurements over the course of an experiment A Wide sensitivity range (0 to 20mg/L) means data measurements will not exceed the maximum possible reading level before the experiment is over

Micro Stir Bar (5-Pack) PS-2565

The Photosynthesis Tank provides an isolated system perfect for the dissolved oxygen probe.

Integrated probe-management makes titration setup a snap.

The Micro Stir Bar maintains a constant flow of solution over the end of an electrode, such as the pH and Conductivity Probes. For use with a standard magnetic stir plate and cylindrical probes of about 13 mm diameter. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

Clearly see the change of dissolved oxygen over time during photosynthesis.

WE CAN HELP

A

Magnet is completely sealed to prevent damage from chemicals

A

Allows study of solutions in micro-quantities

High-accuracy volume data gives you clear consistent data and allows for multiple trials.

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187


Sensors EKG Sensor

Ethanol Sensor

PS-2111

PS-2194

Includes 100 self-adhesive electrode patches.

Includes probe and PTFE tape.

Also Available: EKG Sensor Electrode Patches (100-pack; one-year shelf life) CI-6620

Take the mystery out of that old medical show staple by letting students measure and record the electrical signals produced by the heart. Students can use it to measure their heart rate, and then explore the effects mild exercise has on heart rate.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A Three-electrode design is easy to use. A Electrodes are contained in disposable stick-on pads, eliminating the need for messy gels.

This sensor measures the concentration of ethanol in a gas, up to 3%. Explore the effects of temperature on ethanol production during yeast fermentation using a PASCO EcoChamber, or study combustion and its byproducts. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A Easy to calibrate

Easy setup and quick data collection make it possible for every student to see their heartbeat in a class period.

Directly measure the products of fermentation.

EXPLORE BLOOD PRESSURE Round out your exploration of the circulatory system with our Blood Pressure Sensor. For information, see page 184. Clear data helps students better understand the electrical signals of the heart.

188

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Compare ethanol production to oxygen uptake over time.


Flow Rate/Temperature Sensor

Force Platform

2-Axis Force Platform

PS-2130

PS-2141

PS-2142

Measure the temperature and flow rate of streams, rivers, and other flowing bodies of water. Explore how geographic features can affect water flow, determine sediment transport rate, or map out flow rates and temperatures at different locations and depths in a stream. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

Measure large forces applied over a wide area. Explore the physics of jumping and hang time or study the impulse imparted by a bouncing ball. Examine the forces acting on a person riding an elevator, or use two to verify Newton’s Third Law. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A Large surface for jumping and landing.

A

Telescoping handle allows taking data at greater depths.

A

Rugged construction reduces chance of losing pieces during use in the field.

A High data rate provides a smooth data set to ease analysis.

Go beyond models and simulation and get force data from the real world. Study friction by dragging objects across the surface and measure normal and friction forces. Explore the physics of a broad jump, and introduce vectors and force components. Use one platform on the floor and another on the wall and study the static equilibrium of a ladder leaning on a wall. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A 2-Axis measures both normal and parallel forces A Perfect for measuring forces on the human body

Collect data safely from the shore with the telescoping handle.

Fast response, wide range, and durability make a variety of experiments possible.

Add a new dimension to study more complex motion.

The built-in temperature sensor is located next to the impeller to better correlate temperature and flow rate data.

Use the area under the curve to determine the impulse of the initial impact.

Get the complete picture by viewing the normal force and parallel force together.

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Sensors Force Sensor

High Resolution Force Sensor

Force Accessory Bracket

PS-2104

PS-2189

CI-6545 Includes bracket, 2 spring bumpers (different spring constants), magnetic bumper, rubber bumper, clay cup and clay, and Phillips head screwdriver.

Ideal for the student lab: Finger holes support hand-held applications, or mount it to a cart or 1.2 cm diameter rod. An overload stop and polycarbonate case protect the unit from accidents. Measure collision forces or investigate Newton’s Third Law.

This high-resolution Force Sensor allows the student to measure smaller changes in force. Measure forces exerted by an oscillating mass, the force of a swinging pendulum, or use it as a pan balance for long-term experiments such as in evaporating liquids.

The optional Accessory Bracket with bumpers mounts a Force Sensor directly to a Dynamics Track. Can be used for elastic and inelastic collisions.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A Probe can be zeroed with the touch of a button to save time in the lab.

A 0.002 N resolution with force overload protection (up to 75 N without damage)

A Excellent support or target for collision studies

A M  easures forces in the direction of the sensor with minimal side forces.

A Measures changes in force less than 0.01 N with very little drift.

A All attachments store on the bracket to save space and keep them together.

A 0.002 N resolution with force overload protection (up to 75 N without damage)

When students are the force, Newton’s Third Law is no longer a leap of faith. Study simple harmonic motion.

Directly compare action and reaction of forces.

High resolution means even the smallest oscillations in force are captured with high fidelity.

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This versatile bracket provides the tools for inelastic and elastic collisions

PAScar collision with clay bumper.


Discover Collision Bracket

Force Sensor Balance Stand

Rocket Engine Test Bracket

ME-8973

CI-6460

ME-6617

Includes bracket and 2 springs (different spring constants).

Includes force sensor stand and balance pan. Force Sensor sold separately.

Rocket Engine not included.

The collision bracket fastens to the T-slot of a Dynamics Track and securely holds the Force Sensor for measuring collisions with a cart. Includes two different springs, one soft and one firm. Used in conjunction with a Force Sensor, the force and impulse of a cart’s collision can be measured.

For outdoor use only!

Connect a Force Sensor to this stand and students have a convenient electronic balance for a wide variety of physics experiments. Connect an Acceleration Sensor for studies of angle vs. normal force. Use it as a pan balance or to measure buoyant force.

With the Rocket Engine Test Bracket securely attached to a Force Sensor, students can measure, and graphically display, the impulse of Estes™ and other model rocket engines. A perfect supplement for rocketry studies.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A Mounting screws and balance pan can be stored on the pan when not in use.

A Accommodates rocket engine sizes A, B, C, and D.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A A  n affordable and useful accessory for your existing Dynamics Track

A Finds both the impulse and the maximum force exerted by rocket engines.

A SPARKvue creates ideal graphs for impulse during a collision.

Connects quickly to PASCO Dynamics Tracks for instant collision labs.

Compare and contrast the impulse of the soft and firm spring bumpers.

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The Force Sensor Balance Stand lets you observe buoyant force from the perspective of the fluid.

Yes, this really is rocket science!

The buoyant force exerted on the object is equal to the additional force experienced by the beaker.

Measure the force vs. time profile of a rocket engine.

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191


Sensors Galvanometer

Goniometer Sensor

PS-2160

PS-2137

Includes BNC to banana plug cable and jack adapter, and 2 resistors (0.1 ohm and 10 ohm).

Includes an Angle Sensor and 1 Goniometer Probe with Velcro速 connection kit.

Measure two joints simultaneously. Just add an additional probe: Goniometer Probe PS-2138 Includes probe and Velcro速 connection kit.

Measure extremely small voltages with high resolution. Study sensitive circuits involving low voltages and currents, and even measure the voltage drop along a simple length of wire. This sensor is perfect for resistivity experiments. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

Measure how far and how fast human limbs bend. Study how arms and legs move, and compare normal motion to that of moderate exercise and athletic activity. Use with a Force Sensor to analyze energy expenditure when lifting weights or climbing stairs. Sensor simply straps on with Velcro 速, making it easy to put on and take off. It allows the motion of several people to be compared in a short time. Can be used without calibration with good accuracy. However, calibration can reduce uncertainty to less than 1% of measured values.

A Measures with 0.1 V resolution for precise results. A Designed to reduce measurement noise and deliver clean data.

Find out if that really is a 1% resistor with the precision of the Galvanometer.

See every flex and extension as your students become part of the experiment.

Study the motion of the knee while walking with the variety of Velcro 速 straps included with the sensor.

WE CAN HELP We offer support, training, and customer service by email or phone and through self-directed online tutorials, live webcam feeds, or in-person training in your school. Visit PASCO.com for details Rock-solid performance lets you measure the smallest changes in voltage and current with confidence.

Measure the extent of movement and changes in velocity during normal actions.

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GPS Position Sensor PS-2175 Includes Sensor Extension Cable.

Recommended: My World GIS Classroom (10-seat) License SE-7364

Use this sensor when you need to know where you are and where you are going – exactly. Record data with a wide variety of PASCO sensors to explore relationships in measurements between different locations or conditions. Study the motion of a car around a highway loop, accurately correlate weather observations with locations, and reliably locate water quality measurements along the length of a stream. Use with My World GIS software to accurately plot data and overlay aerial photos for even more enriching and in-depth analysis.

Your students can easily compare different types of environments around your school.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A Determine exact latitude, longitude, altitude, and velocity of user. A Sensor automatically syncs with GPS satellites quickly – typically within a minute of activation – for a quick start to data collection. A Unit receives signals even through heavy tree cover, enabling the collection of reliable and comprehensive data sets.

Seamlessly combine weather and location data.

Collect data at a track, then import it into My World GIS software to see the output on a map.

My World GIS 5.0 Classroom (10-seat) License SE-7364 35-seat License SE-7365 K-12 Campus Site License SE-7366

High volume and district licenses also available. See www.pasco.com for more license options. See page 230 for more information.

WE CAN HELP

Collect data at the same points throughout the year to look for seasonal trends.

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193


Sensors Exercise Heart Rate Sensor

Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor

Dual Humidity Sensor

PS-2129A

PS-2186

PS-2156

Includes wireless transmitter and belt.

Includes 2 hand-grip paddles.

Includes 2 probes, to measure humidity and temperature in two locations at the same time.

This sensor measures and records a student’s heart rate before, during, and after exercise. A belt worn around the ribcage transmits the signal generated by the cardiac muscle, and the heart-rate graph provides immediate feedback. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A W ireless sensor allows free and easy movement A Elastic belt provides convenient hands-free use A I nvestigate a variety of external influences on heart rate

Measure and compare resting, exercise, and recovery heart rate to determine physical fitness levels. This sensor allows students to measure their heart rate without the restrictions and inconvenience of belts or clips. Simply grab the handles while the sensor records cardiac muscle contractions and displays them in beats per minute. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A Easy to use: just grip the handles. A E xtra-long cables allow free movement during activity

The Dual Humidity/Temperature/ Dew Point Sensor measures relative humidity (in units of percent RH) and air temperature (in °C and °F). From these measurements, it calculates absolute humidity (in units of g/cm3 ) and dew point (in °C and °F). The sensor comes with two probes that can measure humidity and temperature in two locations at the same time.

Humidity/Temp/Dew Point Sensor PS-2124A

Students can easily see if they achieved their target heart rate during exercise.

The Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor is easy to use for students of all ages.

A single data set show heart rate before, during, and after exertion.

Compare your heartbeat during a variety of activities.

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Simultaneously measure temperature, dew point (water condensation temperature), or absolute and relative pressure. Study the weather, or monitor atmospheric conditions inside a terrarium or greenhouse.


Advanced Chemistry Sensor

Ion Selective Electrodes

PS-2172

Ammonium CI-6717 Carbon Dioxide CI-6726 Calcium CI-6727 Chloride CI-6732 Lead CI-6736 Fluoride CI-6728 Nitrate CI-6735 Potassium CI-6733 Sodium CI-6734

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Conductivity Probe, built-in Pressure Sensor, 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors. Available Spring 2013

Each Ion Selective Electrode (ISE) includes a 2m cable.

The Advanced Chemistry Sensor provides broad coverage of core chemistry topics and the advanced ability to perform simultaneous measurements! Your students can measure pressure, temperature, pH, and conductivity. Use this sensor to experiment in topics ranging from electrolytes and acid-base reactions to gas laws and thermochemistry. Acid-base, thermometric, and conductometric titrations are now possible, individually or simultaneously, all with one sensor!

Required: Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 or Precision pH/ISE/ORP Amplifier PS-2147

Measure the concentration of a specific ion in water. Perform sophisticated chemical analysis of water quality or monitor chemical reactions in detail.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A P robes available for measuring the concentration of nine different ions A Measures oxygen reduction potential

CHEMISTRY CAUTION Ion Selective Electrodes require a significant amount of chemistry to use accurately, and measurements need to be conducted in a stable environment. For detailed information on these electrodes and a list of chemicals required for their operation, contact PASCO Teacher Support at: support@pasco.com

Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 We recommend this sensor or the Advanced Chemistry Sensor as your ISE-electrode amplifier and for most of your chemistry lab investigations.

The most relevant chemistry measurements, all in one sensor.

WE CAN HELP

Also Available: Precision pH/ISE/ORP Amplifier PS-2147

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195


Sensors Light Level Lux Sensor

Light Sensor

Broad Spectrum Light Sensor

PS-2177

PS-2106A

PS-2150

The Light Level Sensor measures illuminance in lux. The readings of this sensor mimic the wavelength sensitivity of the human eye, which is most sensitive in the green portion of the spectrum. This is achieved with a green filter in the light sensor.

Star light, star bright…but how bright? Measure the intensity, or brightness, of light. Study how distance from a light source affects light intensity, and the differences between polarized and non-polarized sunglasses.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A

Three ranges allow collection of data from candle–level intensities all the way up to full sunlight

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A

Three ranges allow collection of data from candle–level intensities all the way up to full sunlight

A

A

Range can be changed with the push of a button, with no need to recalibrate

Range can be changed with the push of a button, with no need to recalibrate

A

A

Accurately measure environmental light levels.

High resolution and a small sensor allows the study of complex phenomena, such as interference and diffraction patterns

Measure light intensity from the far infrared to the far ultraviolet. This sensor is design specifically for use with our OS-8539 Educational Spectrophotometer System and OS-8543 Prism Spectrophotometer Accessory for Black Body experiments. The Broad Spectrum Light Sensor uses a thermopile and window combination that respond to both the near infrared and visible light necessary for the Black Body Experiment. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A

Ideal for the Black Body Spectrum

A

For use with Spectrophotometer

Upper-level and AP* Physics Teachers

Which light sensor is right for you? “I want to measure ambient environmental light.” A The PASPORT Light Lux Sensor PS-2177 is designed to approximate

the wavelength sensitivity of the human eye, providing results similar to hand-held light meters used in photography.

“I want to run experiments on a PASCO Optics Benches.”

You may be interested in our 2013 Physics & Engineering Catalog, which offers our full line of physics and engineering apparatus and supplies. To request a copy, Visit PASCO.com

A The PASPORT Light Sensor PS-2106A is designed specifically for use

with PASCO optics equipment and has an integrated snout for more directional measurements.

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* AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.


High Sensitivity Light Sensor

Infrared Light Sensor

Ultraviolet Light Sensor

PS-2176

PS-2148

PS-2149 Includes 5 Different materials that block UV radiation-in a convenient storage canister

Measure small changes in light intensity in low intensity conditions. Conduct spectrophotometric studies on glowing gases, analyze interference and diffraction patterns. Use with our Rotary Motion Sensor to collect precise position data for more accurate results.

You can’t see it, but you can feel it– and now, you can measure it: infrared radiation. Introduce and explore blackbody radiation, estimate surface temperatures without contact, study energy received from the sun as heat, and explore radiation emitted as heat from common objects.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A

Sensor works in three ranges from very low intensity candle light to overcast daylight

A

A

Change ranges at the push of a button

A

Detect changes in brightness as low as 0.0005 lux for finely detailed analysis

Measure the intensity of ultraviolet light in the UVA band. Investigate the effectiveness of regular windows, sunglasses, and sunscreen in reducing ultraviolet light transmission. Or conduct a sky survey of UV light. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A

Probe is sensitive over a vast range of wavelengths, allowing a comprehensive study of the topic at hand

Intensity can be measured in any of three ranges, from low to high levels of intensity, and the range can be selected with the push of a button

A

A

Contains a built-in thermistor to measure temperature on the “cold” side of the thermopile

Included collimator eases measurement from small sources across a narrow angle

A

A

Sense wavelengths from 580 nm to 40,000 nm

Spectral response of 315 nm to 400 nm (with filter)

The light sensor combines with the rotary motion sensor for the diffraction of light experiment.

Capture light beyond the visible spectrum.

How much protection does that pair of sunglasses offer from ultraviolet light?

High sensitivity makes it possible to see the second order of the diffraction pattern.

Clearly see the infrared light radiating from your own hand.

Quickly determine the effectiveness of your eye protection.

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Sensors Load Cell & Dual Amplifier Set

Displacement Sensor

PS-2206

PS-2204 Includes digital indicator, pivot rod clamp, Phillips screw driver, and storage box.

Also Available: Load Cell and Amplifier Set PS-2199 (Includes 4 100N Load Cells and 6-Port amplifier)

The Load Cells are designed to be inserted directly into our Structures Systems to provide compression and tension measurement points in a student’s design. The Dual Amplifier can measure the forces of one or two Load Cells, such as at the top and bottom of a roller-coaster loop, or on one cell moving to different parts of a bridge. Expand this set by adding another load cell.

Measure small displacement with amazing accuracy using this sensor – even the smallest deflection from a load applied to a truss, bridge, or other PASCO Structure System construction. Use the Digital Indicator as a standalone device to measure displacements and read them on the LCD display.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A

Perfect for applications requiring only one or two load cells

A

Use the sensor and your PASCO interface to input and analyze collected data

A

Expand this set with an additional load of a 5 N or 100 N Load Cell

A

Easily mounts to a support rod with included pivot rod clamp

100N Load Cell PS-2200

Measure the stress and strain experienced by a structure in-line with the load cell amplifier.

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Also Available: 5N Load Cell PS-2201

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM

Detect even the smallest flex when your structure is put under load.


2-Axis Magnetic Field Sensor

Magnetic Field Sensor

PS-2162

PS-2112

Includes Sensor Extension Cable.

Recommended: Zero Gauss Chamber EM-8652

Make a magnetic field “visible”. Use this sensor to map the magnetic field around a bar magnet, explore how the strength of a magnetic field is related to the distance from the source magnet, and explore magnetic fields formed by coils and loops.

Simultaneously measure radial and axial field strengths. Map magnitude and direction from a bar magnets or a coil, explore magnetic fields generated by alternating current, and measure the Earth’s magnetic field. Combine with a Rotary Motion Sensor to collect precise position data at the same time for more accurate field maps.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A

Single-range sensitivity: ±1000 Gauss

A

Designed to reduce noise at low sampling rates

A

Align sensor with magnetic field along length of probe until highest field strength displays

A

Simple Tare button to zero (uses Zero Gauss Chamber)

A

0.01 Gauss Resolution @ 10 Hz

Zero Gauss Chamber EM-8652

Measure the magnetic field generated by a current passing through a coil.

WE CAN HELP

Reveal the naturally occurring magnetic field of the earth.

SALES@PASCO.COM

This double-walled, high permeability metal chamber produces a zero-Gauss field within the chamber. By placing the Magnetic Field Sensor probe into the chamber and pushing the “Tare” button, the sensor may be zeroed. Highly recommended for measurement of the earth’s magnetic field.

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Sensors

Motion Sensor

Motion Sensor

Need to know distance, velocity or acceleration? Explore linear motion in detail with this sensor. Students can study the back-and-forth motion of a cart on a track or the movement of their own bodies in the classroom. Even acceleration of a falling object due to gravity can be studied with relative ease.

PS-2103A

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A

Tight beam allows collection of data over a greater range of distance

A

Probe detects and filters out false target readings, eliminating spikes and misreadings

A

Automatic determination of distance, velocity, and acceleration allows students to focus on the motion and not on tedious calculations

Magnetic Motion Sensor Bracket PS-2546

Locked onto the end of our dynamics track

Standing flat on a table top

Mounted on a rod stand

Motion Sensor Guard SE-7256

Integration of sensor and equipment makes changing the angle of incline a breeze.

Comparing the acceleration of a cart down a track at different angles takes no time at all.

Use a Motion Sensor Guard to see the motion of an object falling toward the Motion Sensor.

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Combine with the Force Sensor to explore simple harmonic motion or Newton’s Second Law.


Rotary Motion Sensor

Rotary Motion Sensor

Put a new spin on many common experiments with this highly versatile sensor. Use it to study not only rotary motion, pendulum motion, and angular momentum, but a surprising variety of other topics as well. With the right accessories it can be used to determine the acceleration of gravity, to study linear velocity and acceleration, and it can be used in an optics lab to study interference and diffraction patterns.

PS-2120A

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A

Sensor’s 0.09 degree resolution (about 4,000 points per revolution) allows highly precise angular measurements

A

Sensor measures reliably up to 30 revolutions per second (which translates to a maximum linear speed of about 4.5 m/s)

A

Attached rod clamp allows sensor to be mounted in almost any orientation

Recommended: Linear Motion Accessory CI-6688 Mini Rotational Accessory CI-6691 See applications below.

The graph captures angular velocity before and after the collision. Knowing the mass and dimensions of the ring and disk, students will find that angular momentum is conserved.

Investigate what happens to angular momentum when a ring is dropped on a spinning disk.

Combined with the Linear Translator from the Sensor-based Diffraction Kit, the Rotary Motion Sensor controls and measures linear position during optics labs.

Add the Linear Motion Accessory to your Rotary Motion Sensor for precise distance measurements.

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201


Sensors Oxidation Reduction Potential Probe CI-6716

Oxygen Gas Sensor

pH Sensor

PS-2126A

PS-2102

Includes integrated rubber stopper and 250 ml sampling bottle with cap.

Includes pH Electrode.

Required: Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 or Precision pH/ISE/ORP Amplifier PS-2147

Just how effective is that solution as an oxidizing or reducing agent? Use this probe to monitor solutions during oxidation-reduction titrations, perform water quality studies, and study the effects of water chlorination. The ORP Probe is not a standalone sensor. It connects to and requires an amplifier. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

Use this sensor for any experiment requiring the measurement of oxygen levels, such as the study of photosynthesis, animal and insect respiration, and gas production during chemical reactions. Combine with our CO2 sensor to also monitor conditions within a classroom terrarium or perform simple physiological studies. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

This sensor measures the pH or acidity, of a solution as discrete measurements or continuous reading. Use the probe to study water quality, or perform highresolution acid-base titrations with ease. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A High resolution with low noise allows even subtle pH changes to be observed

A Calibrates in one step with the touch of a button

A C alibration-free design lets students get right to the data collection with minimal frustration

Include the Oxygen Gas Sensor with the Ethanol Sensor to fully investigate fermentation.

Quickly distinguish acids from bases

Quickly determine the overall tendency of a solution to gain or lose electrons.

Students can now see production and consumption as each occurs.

Students don’t have to guess how pink their pink indicator is when they can get a reading instantly.

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A Determine the ability of a species in a solution to act as an oxidizing agent or a reducing agent

A Automatically compensates for temperature

A Uses gel-filled Ag-Ag CI combination electrode


Chemistry Sensor

Flat pH Electrode

PS-2170

PS-2182

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Voltage Probe, built-in Pressure Sensor, 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors. It’s a pH Sensor and much, much more! Connects to and requires a pH Sensor. Recommended: Chemistry Sensor PS-2170 pH Sensor PS-2102

This all-in-one chemistry sensor measures temperature, pH (acidity), gas pressure, and voltage simultaneously. It provides a convenient solution for exploring gas laws, performing acid–base investigations, studying oxidation–reduction reactions, and more. The optional ISE and ORP electrodes are also supported.

High Accuracy Drop Counter PS-2117 See page 187 for full description

From gels to soil to…cheese? This pH probe gives you the freedom to measure where you want, what you want. Study pH levels in different kinds of food, investigate the pH of common skin and hair care products, and easily collect pH data when doing soil analysis.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A Easy-to-use design requires no calibration A Versatile combination of sensors makes this a good overall solution for a physical science or introductory chemistry lab

Check soil pH in the field.

Micro Stir Bar (5-pack) PS-2565 Classic classroom titration meets the 21st century.

Whether your flat surface is a Petri dish or a slice of cheese, find the pH with a minimum of fuss.

Quick and efficient data collection allows students to collect multiple runs and focus on analysis and learning.

WE CAN HELP

Clear display makes it easy to share your pH data with classmates.

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203


Sensors Photogate Head ME-9498A

Photogate and Pulley System

Large Picket Fence

ME-6838A

ME-9377A

Includes Photogate Head and Super Pulley with Rod.

Required: Digital Adapter PS-2159 To Attach to Track: Photogate Brackets (set of 2) ME-9806

Start and stop digital timers with high precision. Get reliable data when studying linear motion, conservation of momentum, or anything requiring highly accurate time data. Requires Digital Adapter PS-2159 for use with SPARK or SPARKvue or any other PASPORT systems. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A

C an measure times as short as 0.1 ms and resolve distances just under 1 mm

A

C an be mounted in any orientation for a variety of uses

Required: Digital Adapter PS-2159

Measure position, velocity, and acceleration with high resolution. Explore Newton’s Second Law of Motion with precise acceleration data, study the motion of objects on inclined planes, and more. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A

Pulley is designed to be extremely low-friction so it has almost no effect on measurements

A

Time resolution can be as fine as 0.1 ms

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A

Pulley can be removed for use as a more traditional photogate

A

Reinforces concepts of acceleration, rate of change and graphical analysis

A

Picket fence is 40 cm long and bars are 5 cm apart

The picket fence becomes your high-tech apple for determining the acceleration due to gravity.

Use the Photogate with the PAScars using the specially designed picket fence “flag”.

When studying motion, timing is everything. Help your students understand the root concept of velocity, and acceleration.

204

An easy and highly accurate way to determine the acceleration due to gravity (g) experimentally. Conduct free-fall experiments by dropping this Picket Fence through the PASCO Photogate. As it falls, the black bars block the photogate beam. Knowing the distance between them and the time it takes them to fall through the acceleration can be found.

Use a classic Atwood’s machine to study net forces and acceleration.

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM

A linear fit is all you need to determine how velocity is changing when your acceleration is constant.


Time-of-Flight Accessory ME-6810

Photogate Tape Set

Digital Adapter

ME-6664

PS-2159

Includes Photogate Tape (30m), 2 tape guides, double adhesive tape and VelcroÂŽ strips, Photogate Head sold separately.

Required: Digital Adapter PS-2159 Recommended: Phone Jack Extender Cord (6m) PI-8117

Designed primarily for freefall or projectile experiments. Measure the time a projectile or a free-falling object is in the air. Study projectile motion and the acceleration of gravity. Requires Digital Adapter (PS-2159) for use with PASPORT systems.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE L arge surface area is easy to hit

A

Automatic timing provides more reliable data leading to more accurate results

Replacement Tape Available: Photogate Tape (30m) ME-6663 High Resolution Photogate Tape (30m) ME-6666

Measure speeds and accelerations of objects that move too freely, too quickly, or over larger distances than can be measured manually or with a Motion Sensor. Determine the acceleration of gravity using objects dropped from an upper story window, study the acceleration of a sprinter starting a race, and determine the launch speed and acceleration of a model rocket.

Use the PASPORT Digital Adapter to connect timing/counting devices (such as Photgates and the Time-ofFlight Accessory) to SPARK Science Learning System, SPARKlink or other PASPORT interfaces.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A

M ylar tape is light, flexible, and rugged, so it can withstand lots of use in the field while having minimal impact on the motion being studied

Photogate

Have some of our ScienceWorkshop Sensors?

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.

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A

Two Brackets included

Time t = 1.39 s

If so, you can connect most of these sensors to SPARK Science Learning System or SPARKlink by using either the Digital Adapter or Analog Adapter.

Time of Flight Pad

Timing begins when the photogate beam is broken and ends when the projectile hits the pad and the signal is sent to the interface.

Ideal for measuring the acceleration of fast moving objects like air rockets.

For more information, see page 219.

A

R

WE CAN HELP

T

YE

Get the full picture of projectile motion with a Photogate Head and the Time-of-Flight Accessory.

SCO

Y

PA

WAR RA

N

Measuring the acceleration of the rocket during the first 0.01 seconds is a job for the Photogate Tape Set.

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Sensors Absolute Pressure Sensor PS-2107 Includes 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors.

Make accurate and consistent measurements of gas pressure, regardless of ambient conditions and explore how chemical reactions affect gas pressure. In combination with a temperature probe study the Ideal Gas Law, Boyle’s Law, and Charles’ Law.

Chemistry Sensor

Absolute Pressure/Temperature Sensor

PS-2170

PS-2146

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Voltage Probe, built-in Pressure Sensor, 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors (not shown).

Includes Fast Response Temperature Probe, 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors.

This all-in-one Chemistry Sensor measures temperature, pH (acidity), gas pressure, and voltage simultaneously. It provides a convenient solution for exploring gas laws, performing acid– base investigations, studying oxidation–reduction reactions, and more.

Advanced Chemistry Sensor

Get accurate temperature and absolute gas-pressure measurements when studying the gas laws, such as Ideal Gas Law and Boyle’s Law. This sensor can be used to estimate absolute zero in the common ˚C and ˚F scales.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

PS-2172

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A M easures pressure relative to an internal, sealed reference vacuum, allowing the collection of reliable data even when the pressure within the system drops below ambient pressure A Collect data measured in N/m2 or PSI as appropriate

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Conductivity Probe, built-in Pressure Sensor, 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors (not shown).

A H igh-pressure data resolution and fast response time ensure accurate results A Temperature and pressure data reported in several common units eliminate the need to perform conversions

Model systems like the human lung.

Available Spring 2013

The Advanced Chemistry Sensor measures pressure, temperature, pH, and conductivity. Explore electrolytes, acid-base reactions, gas laws, and thermochemistry. Acid-base, thermometric, and conductometric titrations are now possible individually or simultaneously, all with this one sensor!

Capture pressure changes in real time to help students understand cause and effect relationships.

Determine the effect of temperature on the rate of a reaction.

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MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM

Ideal for studying gas laws such as Boyle’s Law.

Plot pressure versus volume to better understand their relationship.


Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor

Dual Pressure Sensor

Relative Pressure Sensor

PS-2113A

PS-2181

PS-2114

Includes 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors.

Includes 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors.

Includes 60cc syringe, tubing and quick-release connectors.

Also Available: Quad Pressure Sensor PS-2164

This air pressure sensor detects changes in barometric pressure as small as plant transpiration. To better understand pressure in your environment, record weather events, a door opening in a room, and investigate how elevation influences air pressure between a ceiling and a floor.

This sensor measures difference in gas pressure between two inputs. Compare absolute pressures to a vacuum or ambient air pressure. Observe pressure changes in a heat engine, study air pressure on and under an airplane wing, or collect data to determine respiration rates.

This sensor measures gas pressure compared to atmospheric pressure, often called gauge pressure. Quickconnect tubing supports a variety of pressure activities. The sensor’s limited pressure range provides excellent accuracy and resolution for measuring small pressure changes.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A Relative heat-engine pressure records below zero A Selection of units reduces the need to calculate conversions A High-sensitivity, smooth data with little noise is easier to analyze

A Conduct water-pressure experiments in the classroom

Investigate transpiration using the tubing and connectors that come with the sensor.

The dual pressure sensor is perfect for use with the Diffusion/Osmosis Apparatus.

Changes in water pressure relative to water depth can be studied in the classroom.

Collect multiple runs in a single class period to compare different environmental conditions.

Measure the pressure on both sides of the membrane simultaneously.

Use curve fits to determine the nature of the relationship between pressure and depth.

A High-sensitivity down to Âą0.001 mm Hg A Precise readings from 0 up to 1 kPA A Includes accessories to measure plant transpiration

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207


Sensors Alpha Beta Gamma Radiation Sensor

Respiration Rate Sensor

PS-2166

PS-2133

Includes Digital Adapter

Includes respiration belt and sensor.

Measure alpha, beta, and gamma radiation levels. Discover the relationship between radiation intensity and distance from the source. Use Alpha Beta Gamma Radiation Sensor in conjunction with our Radiation Sources, Isotope Generator Kit and/or Absorbers. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A

Produces clear audible beep when a count is registered

A

Designed for easy mounting

Radiation Sources SN-8110 Includes three sources: alpha (Po-210), beta (Sr-90), gamma (Co-60). The sources are USNRC License Exempt (US only).

Isotope Generator Kit (BA-137m)

Explore human respiration, or breathing rate. Study how respiration rate is affected by exercise, temperature variation, and other factors. Use in combination with the Heart Rate Sensor PS-2129 to explore correlations between heart rate and respiration rate. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A

Pressure sensor worn on inflatable belt around ribcage or waist provides convenient handsfree use

A

Measures changes in pressure caused by expansion and contraction of the chest cavity

SN-7995A Includes generator, syringe, tube, 250 ml. solution and storage case. Safely study properties of radioactive decay with the short-lived BA-137m isotope generated with this kit (half-life of just 2.6 min). Contains one USNRC License Exempt (US only) quantity of CS-137. Determine how activity changes with distance from a radioactive source.

Recommended: Planchets (100-pack) SN-9799

How does your respiration rate change during physical activity?

Absorbers (Set of 20) SN-8111A Includes 20 calibrated absorbers: 4 epoxy-coated lead, 2 plastic, 10 aluminum sheets, 2 polyethylene and 2 aluminum foil absorbers. Students can compare their individual data to mathematical models.

208

Build your own calculation: find breath rate or measure the time between breaths.

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Salinity Sensor

Soil Moisture Sensor

PS-2195

PS-2163

Built to Last Since its inception, PASCO has earned the reputation for producing innovative products specifically engineered to survive the rigors of student use.

SUPERIOR CABLES Compare our cables to the typical telephone cord-type cable and connector offered by others. Our high quality material and durable design include strain relief.

The Salinity Sensor works with the 10X Conductivity/Temperature Probe to measure salinity, conductivity and temperature, and determines salinity based on electrical conductivity. Great for exploring the salinity of local water sources or measuring the change in salinity of saltwater as it evaporates.

Just how dry is that soil sample and how does it affect your vegetation? Measure the water content of soil in percent. Measure changes in soil moisture around plants over time, study evaporation, and determine optimum moisture conditions for different species of plants.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A

A

Pre-calibrated for common soil types

A

Ideal for environmental science, agricultural science or biology

Built-in calculation to compensate for the change in conductivity due to temperature change

NO BROKEN PINS Look closely at PASCO’s connection design. We engineer our connections so there is just one way to insert—it can’t be forced. Once inserted, our design prevents twisting. No broken pins!

SENSOR CASING Our sensors are protected by high-quality, damage-resistant materials specifically selected by our engineers for their application. Most are constructed of high impact polycarbonate.

Measure the salinity of a sample of water directly in the field or in the classroom.

Quickly determine the moisture in your soil or leave for a time to see how quickly soil moisture changes.

A

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Compare fresh and brackish samples quickly and easily.

SCO

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WAR RA

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Soil moisture data over time shows evaporation.

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SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

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Sensors General Science Sensor

Sound Level Sensor

PS-2168

PS-2109

Temperature/Sound Level/Light Sensor PS-2140

Includes built-in light and sound sensors, stainless steel temperature probe and voltage probe.

Includes built-in ambient temperature, light and sound level sensors.

Recommended: Stainless Steel Temperature Probe PS-2153

Measure temperature, light levels, sound levels, and voltage simultaneously. Observe the change in temperature of a cooling liquid, monitor noise levels in the classroom or in the field, discover the relationship between brightness and distance from a light source or study the discharge of capacitors. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A

Easy-to-use design requires no calibration

A

Versatile combination of sensors makes this a good overall solution for a general science lab

Engage your students with a metered record of their own sound level.

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How loud is too loud? Study noise pollution, explore the difference between loudness and intensity, and determine how distance from a sound source affects loudness. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A

Three ranges allow data collection from quiet whispering to the loudness of a jet aircraft

A

Measures sound in dB, with the dBA scale for quieter sounds and the dBC scale for louder sounds

A

Measures both level (loudness in dB) and intensity (energy over a given area in microwatts per square meter)

Simultaneously measure temperature, sound levels, and light levels. Determine the light level on a sunny vs. a cloudy day or compare sound levels of students whispering, singing or applauding. Students can build a comprehensive data map of the physical characteristics of their surrounding environment. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A

Use with our GPS Position Sensor to map data and correlate measurements with locations

A

Add an optional Stainless Steel Temperature Probe for water studies and more

Use a musical instrument to distinguish between sound level and pitch.

Find the sound level generated by common activities.

A graph of sound level shows minimal change even though the pitch slides up and down the scale.

Measure the sound level of discrete events and even find the frequency of those events.

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Amadeus Spectrometer System

Spirometer

SE-7183

PS-2152

Includes Amadeus spectrometer, Tungsten light source with power supply, 1.8 meter fiber optic probe, USB cable, 10 cuvettes. Now compatible with SPARKvue software and SPARK Science Learning System.

This affordable spectrometer from Ocean Optics is designed for ease of use at high schools. From the Tungsten light source to the included fiber optic cable, this system is a great value!

Also Available: Replacement Mouth Pieces (10) PS-2522

Measure volume of airflow during breathing. Compare breathing patterns before and after exercise, measure lung capacity, and compare the breathing characteristics of athletes and non-athletes.

Now compatible with SPARKvue software and SPARK Science Learning System. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A

Measure absorbance, emission and fluorescence!

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A

Spectral Range: 350 to 850 nm

A

Simple easy-to-use one-piece sensor

A

Resolution: 3 nm (FWHM) with a total of 300 datapoints

A

Disposable mouthpieces increase student safety and encourage participation.

A

Designed to minimize resistance to airflow for more accurate results.

Students collect full absorption spectra to determine the concentration of species in the solution.

Quick quantitative identification of emission peaks from elemental and molecular species.

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SALES@PASCO.COM

Capture breath rate and volume at the same time.

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

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Sensors Temperature Sensor

Non-Contact Temperature Sensor

PS-2125

PS-2197

Temperature Your Way Measuring temperature and understanding temperature-related concepts is so fundamental to science that PASCO offers many ways to measure it.

Choice of probes

We offer 3 temperature probes (page 213) to provide you the greatest flexibility in measurement, and we know you will find compelling uses for each of them.

This durable, high-resolution sensor covers many temperature experiments. With the Stainless Steel Temperature Probe it supports small but significant temperature changes produced by chemical reactions, convection currents and even skin temperatures. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A Interchange additional probes – Fast Response or Surface Temperature A F ast sampling rate for small temperature changes A N o calibration required – just plug in and measure

This sensor detects infrared light and records the temperature of objects without having to touch them. Compare different surfaces and compare the temperature results based on composition and amount of direct sunlight, even record the temperature as ice warms and melts. THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A Quick-response time speeds data collection A Wide temperature range and 0.5 ˚C resolution allows a wide variety of surfaces to be studied

A Fast Response Temperature PS-2135 A Skin/Surface Temperature

PS-2131

A Stainless Steel Temperature PS-2153 These temperature probes can be freely used with any sensor, interface or datalogger with a standard PASCO temperature port.

Where can you use these temperature probes? The following PASCO Sensors, Interfaces & Dataloggers all include the standard temperature port: PASPORT Temperature Sensors: A Temperature Sensor

PS-2125

A Quad Temperature Sensor PS-2143 A Temperature Array

PS-2157

PASPORT MultiMeasure Sensors:

Investigate intermolecular bonding by exploring the evaporation rates of different alcohols.

Students create a temperature profile of a building with the Non-contact Temperature Sensor.

A Chemistry Sensor

PS-2170

A Advanced Chemistry Sensor

PS-2172

A General Science Sensor

PS-2168

A Precision pH/Temperature Sensor PS-2147 A Water Quality Sensor

PS-2169

PASPORT Interfaces & Dataloggers:

Students see that evaporation rates vary widely among alcohols with different intermolecular forces.

Temperature profile provides a great foundation for discussion of insulation, energy conservation and more.

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A SPARK Science Learning System

PS-2008A

A Xplorer GLX

PS-2002

A SPARKlink Air

PS-2011

A SPARKlink

PS-2009


Skin/Surface Temperature Probe

Stainless Steel Temperature Probe

PS-2131

PS-2153

Fast Response Temperature Probes PS-2135 (3-pack) Includes 10 adhesive patches.

Use this sensor when you need to know just how warm “warm to the touch” is. Compare skin temperature before and after exercise, map out temperature variations across the skin’s surface, or perform heating and cooling experiments with solids.

Simple and effective. Investigate melting & freezing points or measure rapid temperature changes found in endothermic or exothermic reactions. Connects to PASPORT temperature sensors, and the built-in temperature ports on the SPARK or SPARKlink.

Use with a Temperature Sensor to measure temperature in sensitive and fast-changing conditions and study air convection, evaporative cooling, or endothermic and exothermic reactions. Temperature data displays immediately.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A Wide temperature range allows a wide variety of surfaces and situations to be studied.

® covers to protect the probe from A Teflon aggressive chemicals are available (CI-6549).

A Does not require calibration – plug it in and go.

A Flat surface area assures good contact and accurate readings.

A A range of -35 to +135 °C covers most classroom needs

Just press the probe against a surface to get an accurate reading of the surface, not the surrounding air.

Measure temperatures in the ground below the surface.

The Fast Response Temperature Probe is ideal for small, hard to reach spaces – here frozen in ice.

Report surface temperatures using degrees Celsius and Fahrenheit simultaneously.

Compare temperature at the soil surface to temperature below the surface

Investigate phase change (melting point of water).

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A Probe has a 1-meter-long lead, allowing use with long-necked flasks and tall graduated cylinders.

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Sensors Quad Temperature Sensor

Temperature Type K Sensor

Thermocline Sensor

PS-2143

PS-2134

PS-2151

Includes 2 Stainless Steel Temperature Probes, 3 Fast Response Temperature Probes, and adhesive disks.

Includes Type K Thermocouple Probe.

Includes Thermocline Sensor head.

Also Available: Temperature Array (8) PS-2157 Teflon® Sensor Covers (10-pack) CI-6549

Also Available: Type K 4-Port Temperature Sensor PS-2127

Up to four temperature probes can simultaneously collect different temperatures. Conduct experiments by heating or cooling different materials in identical conditions, collect data from chemical reactions, and study the flow of heat through different kinds of materials.

This sensor works in conditions severe enough to break a common thermometer or melt a temperature sensor. It is ideal for experiments that range from very cold to very hot. The Type K can measure the temperature of liquid nitrogen and it can map the temperatures within a candle flame.

Measure temperature as a function of depth in local streams and lakes while both data points are recorded automatically. Create temperature profiles for different bodies of water, compare temperature variations of fresh water vs. salt water environments, and study ocean tides.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A Use 4 different Temperature Probes in any combination in the classroom or the field

A Vast temperature range of -200º C to +1000º C

A Automatically-recorded temperature and depth eliminates the need for manually marking a line, resulting in greatly-increased accuracy of results

A No need for calibration – just plug in the probes and start taking data

A Long probe protects students in extreme conditions and supports use in hard-to-reach places

A Weighted base keeps sensor lead stable A Works up to 10.5 meters with a 0.03 m resolution

A Temperature range of -35º C to +135º C at ± 0.5º C

Students use Fast Response Probes embedded in different fruit to capture the cooling rates.

Study temperature extremes with this wide-range Type K Temperature Sensor.

Study temperature vs. depth profiles of bodies of water – measure up to 10.5 m deep.

Students use cooling rate of fruit to model the relationship of cell size and surface area/volume ratio.

Temperature of a candle flame.

Show how temperature changes with depth even for small, relatively shallow bodies of water.

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Turbidity Sensor

Voltage/Current Sensor

PS-2122

PS-2115

Includes Hach calibration standard (100 NTU), 5 empty glass cuvettes, and plastic storage case.

Includes 2 pairs of voltage leads and 1 pair of alligator clips.

Recommended: Sensor Extension Cable PS-2500 Alligator Clip Leads (set of 10) EM-8634

Take the guesswork out of measuring a solution’s turbidity (cloudiness). Perform water quality studies, compare local water samples to national standards, and measure the rate of precipitate formation in chemical reactions.

Simultaneously measure voltage and current within an electric circuit. Study the charging and discharging of a capacitor to find the relationship between voltage and current in a circuit (Ohm’s Law), and, to determine the power consumed by electrical devices.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A Stable light source ensures consistent, accurate data measurements

A Measures voltage and current, simultaneously

A Easy to calibrate using a simple, 15-second process

A Sensor automatically shuts down and emits an alarm to prevent damage when current gets too high

A Calculates power (power = voltage * current)

Use with the magnetic field sensor for electromagnetism studies.

Compare turbidity of water samples from local water sources.

Measure the voltage and current as a simple RC circuit is charged and discharged.

The simple built-in calibration – just 15 seconds – means your data is as accurate in the classroom as in the field.

Use a graph of voltage versus time to determine the RC time constant.

WE CAN HELP

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Find the relationship between the current flowing through a coil and the magnetic fields in the coil.

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

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Sensors ezSample™ Snap Vial Kits

Water Quality Colorimeter

Ammonia EZ-2334 Chlorine EZ-2339 Iron EZ-2331 Nitrate EZ-2333A Phosphate EZ-2337

PS-2179

Required: Water Quality Colorimeter PS-2179

Chemical Water Quality Test Kits Conduct colorimetric tests in the field and avoid the mess and tedium of mixing chemicals. These ezSample Snap Vials contain a pre-formulated reagent to test a variety of water-quality parameters. No more guessing at color variations – simply drop the vial into the Water Quality Colorimeter and read the concentration.

Snap the tip of the vial and...

...the sample instantly flows into tube, mixing with the reagent.

Place the vial in your Water Quality Colorimeter and read the results.

Designed specifically to support chemical analysis of water samples using the ezSample Snap Vial Water Quality Test Kits. Test kits include built-in calibration curves. Reports concentration value.

Iron concentration using ezSample Snap Vial and Water Quality Colorimeter

Titration in the field PASCO also simplifies measurements that require a titration method. The ezSample Field Titrator Kits contain a vacuum-sealed quantity of titrant. The entire process requires only a minute or two, is completely portable, and avoids all the setup and cleanup associated with ordinary titrations.

Begin titrating by gently squeezing the lever to draw in your sample.

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In this titration for Alkalinity, color initially changes to pink.

On final color change, turn titrator over and measure concentration using the built-in scale. That’s it!

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM

ezSample™ Field Titrator Kits Alkalinity EZ-2340 Carbon Dioxide EZ-2341 Total Hardness EZ-2338

Required: Water Quality Colorimeter PS-2179


Water Quality Sensor

My World GIS™ 5.0

PS-2169

Classroom (10-seat) License SE-7364 35-seat License SE-7365 K-12 Campus Site License SE-7366

Includes Stainless Steel Temperature Probe, pH Probe, Dissolved Oxygen Probe, and Conductivity Probe.

High volume and district licenses also available. See pasco.com for more license options. See pages 217 for more information.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE A

Use each probe separately or in any combination you choose

A

Ideal for Environmental Science or Biology classrooms

A

Simultaneous measurement of pH, dissolved oxygen and conductivity

Map your water quality data When collecting water quality data out in the field you can also view it on a map. Use our GPS Position Sensor (page 199) to collect GPS data simultaneously with your water quality measurements, automatically synching the data to your latitude, longitude, and altitude. As soon as you are ready to view your results, just open your data in My World GIS and visualize your outcome overlayed on topographic maps, aerial photos, and more.

Use a single sensor to understand an estuary.

Samples of ammonia collected along a creek running from a golf course and through a development. Note the high concentrations of ammonia begin to dissipate as the creek leaves the development for open space.

All four parameters can be measured together over time to see how the estuary changes during a day.

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

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Sensors Weather Sensor

Weather/Anemometer Sensor

Sensor Extension Cable

PS-2154A

PS-2174

PS-2500

Includes Sensor Extension Cable

2 meters in length.

Simultaneously measure atmospheric barometric pressure, absolute humidity, relative humidity, dew point, air temperature, and relative altitude. Study weather and climate or explore microclimates. Use with our GPS Position Sensor for a thorough investigation of weather over an extended area.

More advanced than the Weather Sensor, this hand-held weather station also measures wind speed and wind chill, wind gusts and humidity index. Use it to monitor conditions during a passing storm. By adding the GPS Position Sensor weather patterns can be investigated over an extended area.

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

THE TEACHING ADVANTAGE

A

ll-in-one design collects comprehensive data A set for studying most aspects of local weather

A

A

S imultaneously identify corresponding events and conditions and evaluate atmospheric variables

All-in-one design greatly simplifies the collection of a comprehensive data set for studying all aspects of local weather

A

Students can connect weather phenomenon they physically feel with quantitative measurements

Just plug in a sensor to find your local weather conditions.

Catch a storm with data collected over a 24-hour period.

Better understand the weather you see on television by showing barometric pressure during a passing storm.

Display just the weather parameters that are important to you or display them all.

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MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM

Two meters in length, this cable is useful in the field, when an experiment involves liquids or chemicals or any time you need a bit more distance.

Sensor Handles (4-pack) CI-9874


Replacement Items

Digital Adapter

Analog Adapter

Breath Rate Replacement Masks (10 pack) PS-2567 Replacement Clips (10 pack) PS-2568

PS-2159

PS-2158

Colorimeter Cuvettes and Caps (set of 6) PS-2509 Conductivity Conductivity Probe, 10x PS-2571 Dissolved Oxygen Membrane Replacement Kit CI-6541 Dissolved Oxygen Probe PS-2572 EKG Electrode Patches (100 pack) CI-6620 Exercise Heart Rate Replacement Strap (XS-S) PS-2519 Transmitter PS-2512A Oxygen Gas Oxygen Gas Probe PS-6524 pH pH Electrode PS-2573 Photogate Tape Photogate Tape (30m) ME-6663 High Resolution Tape (30m) ME-6666 Respiration Respiration Belt CI-9842 Spirometer Mouth Pieces (10 pack) PS-2522 Temperature Teflon Sensor Covers (10 pack) CI-6549 Fast Response Temperature Fast Response Probes (3 pack) PS-2135 Adhesive Patches (100 pack) PS-2525

Connect ScienceWorkshop “digital” sensors and other PASCO counting/ timing devices (such as Photogates) to SPARK Science Learning System, SPARKlink or other PASPORT interfaces. The PASPORT Digital Adapter has two ports, connecting any two PASCO sensors or timing/counting devices with ¼” stereo phone plugs to any PASPORT interface, including SPARK Science Learning System and SPARKlink. A Connect ScienceWorkshop Sensors: Motion Sensor II (CI-6742A), Rotary Motion Sensor (CI-6538), Flow Rate (CI-6730A), Drop Counter (CI-6499) A Connect Timing/Counting Devices: Photogates, Photogate/Pulley System, Time-of-Flight Accessory

Now connect most ScienceWorkshop sensors to our PASPORT interfaces, including the SPARK Science Learning System and SPARKlink. The Analog Adapter works with any ScienceWorkshop Sensor with a 5-pin or 8-pin DIN connector. Please note that some ScienceWorkshop Sensors (Motion Sensor II, Rotary Motion Sensor, Flow Rate, and Drop Counter), plus our timing/counting devices such as Photogates and Time-of-Flight Accessory, require the Digital Adapter PS-2159 (shown at left). For a complete list of sensors that connect with the Analog Adapter, see pasco.com

For a complete list of sensors that connect with the Digital Adapter, see pasco.com

Turbidity Cuvettes and Caps(set of 6) PS-2509 100 NTU Standard PS-2511 Silicone Oil, 0.24 oz PS-2510 Voltage Voltage Probe PS-2165

Older sensors holding you back? Maybe we can help. We offer an adapter kit for older analog sensors that use a British Telecom Connector, including many Vernier sensors. If you would like to see how this would work for you, please contact our Teacher Support team: support@pasco.com

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Interfaces

iPad-Based Classroom Applications

SPARKvue® HD

Science Application for the iPad®

The full-featured version of our SPARKvue software for the iPad®

The new SPARKvue® HD app brings real-time sensor data collection, visualization and analysis for inquiry-based science to your iPad. Designed around a science learning framework, SPARKvue HD seamlessly integrates the modern technologies of sensor-based data collection into the teaching and learning experience. 60+ FREE standards-based SPARKlabs are included with SPARKvue HD. These interactive lab activities include science content, data collection, analysis, and assessment, all on one system…your iPad! Wirelessly connect any of our 70+ sensors with PASCO’s Bluetooth-enabled PASPORT AirLink 2, and your iPad turns into a real-time data collection, display, and analysis tool. Capture images with the iPad cameras and use SPARKvue HD’s image analysis capabilities. Or collect and display live acceleration or sound data with the iPad onboard sensors. App includes cloud-based file-sharing options. SPARKvue HD supports 24 languages. See pasco.com/iPad for details.

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The new SPARKvue HD supports the growing collection of SPARKlabs, integrating rich content with live data collection and analysis.

Wirelessly connect any of over 70 sensors to your iPad using the SPARKlink Air or PASPORT AirLink 2.

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Equip your iPad for science. Purchase the SPARKvue® HD app from the App Store and select either the PASPORT® AirLink 2 (single sensor) interface or SPARKlink Air (dual sensor) interface, with built-in voltage and temperature sensors.

SPARKlink® Air

PASPORT AirLink 2

SPARKvue® HD

PS-2011

PS-2010

Includes two sensor ports, Built-in Temperature and Voltage Sensors with Probes, USB connection, and rugged polycarbonate case.

Single sensor port for wireless connection to your Bluetooth-enabled iPad with SPARKvue for iOS.

SPARKvue HD is available on the App Store and through Apple’s Volume Purchase Program.

Available Spring 2013

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

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Interfaces

Android-Based Classroom Applications

SPARKvue HD for Android™ tablets SPARKvue® HD brings real-time sensor data collection, visualization, and analysis for inquiry-based science to your Android tablet. And much more! Just connect any of over 70 PASCO sensors (via PASCO’s Bluetooth interfaces) and begin measuring a wide range of phenomena, including pH, temperature, force, carbon dioxide level, and more. Capture images with the iPad cameras and use SPARKvue HD’s image analysis capabilities. Or collect and display live acceleration or sound data with sensors already onboard your Android tablet. Key features: A Measure and display sensor data in real time. A Display data in a graph, bar graph, analog meter, digits, or table. A Analyze data with built-in statistical tools. A Open and perform any of the 60-plus SPARKlab® interactive lab activities included free. A Create electronic student lab journals. A Collaborate using cloud-based file-sharing. Designed for science learning: With SPARKlab interactive lab activities, teachers can blend instructional content, live data collection and analysis, reflection prompts, and more, all completely within the SPARKvue HD environment. Over 60 SPARKlabs come free with the SPARKvue HD license. Or build your own! Languages: SPARKvue HD supports 24 languages. See pasco.com/iPad for details.

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MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


PASCO makes it easy to do inquiry-based science on your Android tablet. Chances are, you have a mix of technologies in your school. No need to worry. It’s the same award-winning experience of SPARKvue whether on your Mac or Windows computer, interactive whiteboard, or now on your Android tablet!

For all the details, go to pasco.com/Android

Connect your Android tablet to any of over 70 PASPORT sensors.

Equip your Android tablet for science. Purchase the SPARKvue® HD app from Google Play and select either the PASPORT® AirLink 2 (single sensor) interface or SPARKlink Air (dual sensor) interface, with built-in voltage and temperature sensors.

SPARKvue® HD

SPARKlink® Air

PASPORT AirLink 2

PS-2011

PS-2010

Includes two sensor ports, Built-in Temperature and Voltage Sensors with probes, USB and Bluetooth connection, and rugged polycarbonate case.

Single sensor port for wireless connection to your Bluetooth-enabled Android tablet with SPARKvue.

Available Spring 2013 Download SPARKvue HD, connect your tablet with the Bluetooth-enabled SPARKlink Air or Airlink 2, then plug in your PASPORT sensor. Start collecting and analyzing data instantly, right on your tablet!

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SALES@PASCO.COM

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Interfaces

All-In-One Hand-Held Solution A fully integrated SPARKscience solution The SPARK Science Learning System is a fully integrated SPARKscience solution, providing students a portable stand-alone hand-held device for anytime, anywhere science discovery. With rugged handles for passing back and forth and a large full-color touchscreen, the SPARK Science Learning System was specifically designed with collaborative learning in mind — the entire student lab group can actively participate in the learning process. A P owered by SPARKvue — shares the same user experience as students on computers or teacher at the electronic whiteboard. A P reloaded with over 60 SPARKlabs — interactive discovery-based lab activities (see pages 236-237). A Includes 2 sensors (fast response temperature and voltage).

Top view of SPARK Science Learning System reveals two PASPORT sensor ports, temperature probe and voltage probe ports, and USB ports.

SPARK Science Learning System™

SPARK Charging Station

PS-2008A

PS-2570

Includes Fast Response Temperature Probe, Voltage Probe and more than 60 pre-installed, guided inquiry SPARKlabs.

Conveniently store and charge up to 10 SPARK Science Learning Systems with a single power source.

Completely portable hand-held device with 2 sensor ports – a fully integrated SPARKscience solution, featuring a rugged ergonomic design, native SPARKvue software and embedded SPARKlab collection.

SPARKs sold separately.

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MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Computer-Based Solution SPARKscience for Windows, Mac, Netbook Have computers for your science program and just need to connect sensors? No problem. Whether you have a Bluetooth or USB connection, we have the simple answer. It’s the same solution for your Windows, Mac, and netbook computers.

Have a USB connection? Select our SPARKlink or USB Link and connect any of more than 70 PASPORT sensors to your existing computers.

Want to go wireless? We’ve got that covered, too. The new SPARKlink Air connects PASPORT sensors to your Bluetooth-enabled computer. Then add our SPARKvue Site License—it provides rights for your entire K-12 campus to install SPARKvue on all computers.

Use SPARKvue with your interactive whiteboard! Create your own teacher demonstration station! Use SPARKvue and our wireless SPARKlink Air (or a SPARKlink or USB Link connected to your computer) and create interactive lectures, demonstrations, and more. SPARKvue® is also available for your iPad or Android tablets! iPad® solution: see pages 220-221 Android™ solution: see pages 222-223

SPARKlink® Air

SPARKlink®

USB Link

PS-2011

PS-2009

PS-2100A

Includes two sensor ports, Built-in Temperature and Voltage Sensors with probes, USB and Bluetooth connection, and rugged polycarbonate case.

Includes two sensor ports, Built-in Temperature and Voltage Sensors with Probes, USB connection, and rugged polycarbonate case.

Available Spring 2013 Single sensor port connection to your computer.

SPARKvue® Site License PS-2400

Generous Site License includes rights to install SPARKvue on all computers on your K-12 campus.

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Xplorer GLX Hand-held Interface

Dedicated Physics Instrumentation Graphing and Analysis Hand-held Xplorer GLX Features A A A A

 8sensorportstotal–4dedicatedforincludedsensorsand4openports Includes2temperature,soundandvoltagesensors 12MBInternalMemory–Usefulforhighdatacollectionratesand L arge320x240backlittransflectiveLCDgrayscaledisplay

storingmultipledatafiles. A

Real-timegraphingandcalculationsfromFloatingPoint Processor–eveninstantcalculationsonlivedata asitiscollected

A

Built-ingraphingcalculatorwith expressioneditor



A

Built-indualindependent functiongenerators

A

Built-inspeakerforsoundoutput

A

 1MHzmaximumsampleratewhencombined

with1MHz2-ChannelVoltageSensor(PS-2190) A



DualTraceOscilloscope

Xplorer GLX®

1 MHz 2-Channel Voltage Sensor

Xplorer GLX Power Amplifier

PS-2002

PS-2190

PS-2006

Includes 2 Fast Response Temperature Probes, Voltage Probe, built-in Sound Sensor/Microphone, Power Adapter/Charge, USB-on-the-go Cable.

Includes power adapter.

Turn your Xplorer GLX into a 2-channel oscilloscope. Measure two channels at sample rates up to 1 MHz.

SPECIFICATIONS Two differential channels Maximum sample rate is 1 MHz. ± 10 V max input Three gain settings Overvoltage protection Requires:

Xplorer GLX 20-Unit Charging Station PS-2557 Includes one 20-unit charging station. Xplorer GLXs sold separately.

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Xplorer GLX PS-2002

Xplorer GLX Replacement Items Power Adapter PS-2529 Voltage Probe PS-2165 Fast Response Temperature Probes PS-2135 Rechargeable Battery PS-2527

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM

SPECIFICATIONS Output Power: ± 1A @ ± 10 V DC Offset: ± 10 V Waveform Maximum Frequency: 5000 Hz Waveform Maximum Period: 1 Hour Waveforms: DC Sine Square Triangle Ramp


Intel Learning Series and PASCO ÂŽ

Intel Learning Series

Preparing Students for 21st Century Success The Intel Learning Series delivers a complete education solution that combines high-quality technology, software, digital content, and services to enable a comprehensive 1:1 eLearning experience. Drawing on ethnographic and field research, Intel Learning Series solutions help foster 21st century skills, such as digital literacy, information synthesis, critical thinking, creativity, and problem solving. Far more than simply putting computers in the classroom, these holistic solutions delivered through an extensive ecosystem include purpose-built hardware, educational software, locally relevant digital content, services and support, and teacher professional development. PASCO’s SPARKvue software is now featured on the Intel Learning Series Software Suite for both Windows 8 and Android environments.

For more information on Intel Learning Series solutions, see pasco.com/Intel

SPARKvuesoftwareisnow featuredontheIntelLearningSeries SoftwareSuiteforbothWindows8 andAndroidenvironments.

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SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

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SPARKvue

SPARKvue

®

Software for interactive visualization and analysis

SPARKvue fully supports the learning process. SPARKvue software is a science tool and state-of-the-art learning environment all in one. SPARKvue offers a full suite of display options, from graphs and meters to digits and tables. Powerful analysis tools are always available at the touch of a finger…but never in the way. And SPARKvue creates opportunities for student reflection at every step, with the option to save a journal snapshot of work, including written observations, with just a touch of a finger.

SPARKvue is plug-and-learn. Simply connect any of the more than 70 PASPORT Sensors to your SPARKlink or SPARK Science Learning System and immediately begin collecting data and seeing live measurements. It’s powerful, yet simple—the way all probeware should be.

SPARKvue adapts to your technology. Chances are, you have a mix of technologies in your school. But there’s no need to worry. It’s the same award-winning experience of SPARKvue, whatever your environment! A Interactive whiteboards

SPARKvue...It’s really different. A Fully supports the learning process. A Seamlessly integrates content and reflection prompts.

A Windows computers

A Finger-touch design keeps students in the flow.

A Mac computers

A Integrated electronic student journal

A Netbooks A iPads®

Recognized by the EdNET Community as a potential

“game changer” in education.

A Android™ tablets

The list of Leading education products and services for EdNET’S BEST was shaped by the EdNET community, and final selections were made by the EdNET’s Best panel.

A SPARK Science Learning System One common science learning environment.

Coming soon in SPARKvue 2.0 SPARKvue continues to push the bar as the best sciencelearning environment available. With SPARKvue 2.0 users will have access to new SPARKlab capabilities including authoring tools and assessment options. Students will also be able to capture video synchronized with data collected from any connected sensor. SPARKvue 2.0 will enable support for wireless sensor connection (via Bluetooth) on desktops and laptops. And SPARKvue 2.0 will be a free update for all SPARKvue license holders.

To sign up for alerts on the latest SPARKvue features and releases, see pasco.com/alerts 228

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Whether you are using iPads® or Android™ tablets or wired or wireless computers, we’ve got you covered. If you have an iPad or Android tablet, a computer with a Bluetooth or USB connection, or any combination of these, SPARKvue is the one solution you need. Use SPARKvue and

connect your sensors with the new SPARKlink Air, PASPORT AirLink 2, SPARKlink, or USB Link. Then start collecting and analyzing data immediately… on your own platform!

SPARKvue for your iPad or Android tablet.

SPARKvue for your computer.

SPARKvue® HD

SPARKvue® Site License The new SPARKvue HD app brings realtime sensor data collection, visualization and analysis for inquiry-based science to your iPad or Android tablet.

PS-2400

Also available in Apple’s Volume Purchase Program.

Choose an interface SPARKlink® Air

Available Spring 2013

Your SPARKvue license includes the more than 60 free guided inquiry SPARKlab activities, and authorizes you to run SPARKvue and the SPARKlab activities on any computer on your K-12 campus.

+

Choose an interface

PASPORT AirLink 2

Single sensor port for wireless Two sensor ports for connecting connection to your Bluetoothsensors to your computer and mobile devices. Supports both USB and enabled, iPad and Android tablet Bluetooth sensor connections–ideal with SPARKvue. for schools with computers, tablets, or a mixture of both. For more information on ordering these interfaces for your iPad or Android tablet see, pages 220-223.

SPARKlink®

+

Includes two sensor ports, Built-in Temperature and Voltage Sensors with Probes, USB connection, and rugged polycarbonate case.

USB Link

Single sensor port connection to your computer.

For more information on ordering these interfaces for your computer, see page 225.

Over 70 Sensors and Growing A All 70+ PASPORT sensors are rugged, long-lasting, and have strong connectors for student use. A PASCO makes 24 MultiMeasure sensors that combine two or more sensors in one box, such as our Voltage/Current Sensor, Weather/Anemometer Sensor, and Water Quality Sensor. A All are backed by our 5-year warranty. For our full list of sensors, go to page 178. WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

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My World GIS & Online Academy for Science and Math

Histogram showing category and number of Atlantic Hurricanes. My World’s built-in analysis tools allow students to investigate how many and what category of hurricanes made landfall over the last 150 years. Explore plate tectonics with included earthquake and volcano datasets.

My World GIS, Version 5.0 My World GIS is an award-winning geographic information system designed specifically for schools, featuring drag-and-drop simplicity and over 50 data libraries to get you started. Right out of the package, you can explore earthquakes, volcanoes, climate, glaciers, country populations, literacy and mortality rates, and much, much more.

What’s the value of a GIS in the classroom? Whether teaching science, history or social sciences, much of the data we use is spatial – referenced to a location. With a GIS, teachers and students have the opportunity to interact with that data visually via maps – and have the power to query the wealth of data behind those maps. Ideal for: A A A A A A A A

My World GIS 5.0 Classroom (10-seat) License SE-7364 35-seat License SE-7365 K-12 Campus Site License SE-7366

Oceanography Climatology Biology Earth Science Environmental Science Physics Social Studies History

30 year average surface temperature and lines of latitude and longitude – Hot areas are red, cool are yellow, and cold are blue. Connect climate data to specific areas of the globe.

My World supports ‘hot linking’ images and video to data points – here on a map of US tornados. Hot links are indicated by flags.

My World GIS is developed by: TM

Great for lectures or student projects High volume and district licenses also available. See www.pasco.com for more license options. System Requirements: Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP/Vista/Windows 7, Mac OS X (Universal Binary), Linux and Solaris. Minimum of 128MB of RAM (256MB recommended).

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MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM

For a complete list of new features and for upgrade information, see page 122 or visit pasco.com/myworld

Free 45-day trial version and GIS activity. Get them

now at pasco.com/myworld


Online Academy for Science and Math PASCO’s Online Academy is a webbased learning environment focused on providing discovery-based learning and assessment. Powered by Adaptive Curriculum and coordinated to State, NSES and NCTM standards, the more than 300 “Activity Objects” provide interactive lessons in Math and Science with rich visualization. These virtual science labs and realworld simulations in math are ideal for introducing topics, complementing hands-on activities, and reinforcing difficult concepts. Because they are web-based, the Activity Objects are perfect for: A A A A

Interactive classroom lectures Small group activities Individualized study

In this activity students explore cell theory and the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. One of more than 80 science lessons in high school Biology, Chemistry and Physics. Over 130 lessons in Middle School Life, Earth and Physical Science.

Homework and remote learning

Activity Sheets are available for each activity such as this concept map of the parts of the nervous system.

Using an interactive whiteboard and a teacher subscription, the whole class can explore a topic.

3D Simulations – The life-like virtual environment in most Activity Objects allows students to explore concepts in a way that traditional methods can’t. They can simulate weather data to see if a hurricane forms, launch a probe into a black hole, or take a close up look at the nervous system. With over 300 Activity Objects – covering high school and middle school science and math topics, students can develop and test their own hypothesis, experiment in a safe environment and learn by doing. Because they are web-based, students see results in real-time and each activity can be repeated to increase comprehension. Tools for Teachers – Integrate Online Academy into your curriculum seamlessly. Online tools show you how to combine Activity Objects into documents, PowerPoint® presentations and more. Assign Activity Objects to a class or individual students via email and generate a report once the assignment is completed. Activity Sheets Included – Many Activity Objects include Activity Sheets with a variety of question strategies for homework and formative assessments. A teacher version of the Activity Sheet is also included.

This animation allows students to explore major organs of the nervous system. Assessment is embedded tests their understanding.

Online Academy for Science and Math

Teacher Subscription WD-3009 Includes 12-month online access to all science and math lessons for one teacher. Student subscriptions also available. For all licensing options, see pasco.com/OnlineAcademy

featuring activities by

FREE 30-DAY TRIAL!

Request your free trial now. Visit pasco.com/OnlineAcademy

Online Assessment – At the conclusion of most activities students complete an Online Assessment section to demonstrate their grasp of the core concepts. Teachers can see a student-by-student view of responses to check for comprehension — all online.

WE CAN HELP

SALES@PASCO.COM

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Labware Magnetic Stirrer

Hot Plate

SE-7700

SE-8830

Includes stir bar, removable rod and power adapter. This compact and durable hot plate can reach up to 400 °C in minutes. The cast aluminum top plate provides an even heating surface, and it even has a built in support rod holder.

The Stir Station is a “must-have” piece of lab equipment. The white top makes it easier to distinguish solution color changes.

Also Available: Micro Stir Bar (5 pack) PS-2565

kena® Digital Microscope

ken-a-vision® Digital Monocular Comprehensive Scope 2

SE-7236

SE-7246

Includes a removable camera/magnification head, touch tube (for placing the microscope flush against specimens), sturdy metal base, and convenient carry/ storage bag. Magnification: 20X, 40X, 100X The new kena Digital USB Microscope performs in the classroom or in the field. With the removable camera/ magnification head you can even capture or modify images or video.

Includes 10X eyepiece; 4X, 10X, 40X, and 100X objectives lenses (the 40X and 100X objectives are springloaded to avoid crushing slides and damaging optics); USB cable; calibration slide; and charger.

For use with SPARKvue: Requires a SPARK Science Learning System or a USB port on a computer (Mac or Windows) with SPARKvue version 1.3 or later.

For use with SPARKvue: Requires a SPARK Science Learning System or a USB port on a computer (Mac or Windows) with SPARKvue version 1.3 or later.

pH Buffer Capsule Set

Student Power Supply (18 VDC, 3 A)

SC-2321

SE-8828

Includes 10 capsules each of pH 4.0, pH 7.0 and pH 10.0, plus preservative solution.

Create buffer solutions of pH 4.0, pH 7.0, and pH 10.0. 30 capsules, each sufficient to make 100 mL buffer solution. Included preservative solution which contains a pH indicator and colors each buffer solution for easy identification.

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This high quality, compact power supply provides the DC voltage and current levels necessary for most introductory student labs.

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Ohaus Scout Pro Balance (400 g)

Mass and Hanger Set

SE-8756A

ME-8979 Includes 27 masses, four mass hangers and storage case.

Features precision 5 gram mass hangers with steel posts, and “holed” masses that will not fall off the hanger – and hanger holds up to 250 g. 27 masses in all.

Also Available: Scout Pro Balance (200 g) SE-8823 Scout Pro Balance (2000 g) SE-8757A Scout Pro Balance (6000 g) SE-8758A Scout Pro USB Connection Kit SE-8788

Brass: Aluminum: Plastic:

Hooked Mass Set

PASCO Stopwatch

SE-8759

ME-1234

Includes 9 masses and storage box: 1000 g, 500 g, two 200 g, 100 g, 50 g, two 20 g, and one 10 g.

3 100g, 3 50g, 6 20g (each +/- 1%) 3 10g, 3 5g (each +/- 1%) 3 2g, 3 1g, 6 1/2g (each +/- 2%)

PASCO designed this stopwatch specifically for timing events, not as a clock or alarm. No annoying alarms going off at odd times of the day! Fits in your hand or sits at a convenient viewing angle on a table. Up to nine event times can be stored in memory. The standard AA battery is long-lasting and easily replaceable.

This rugged Hooked Mass Set is made of cast iron and coated with enamel.

Also Available: Stopwatch (10-Pack) ME-1235

Metric Measuring Tape

High Quality Meter Sticks (6-Pack)

SE-8712A

SE-8827

This 30-meter woven fiberglass measuring tape reads metric units on one side and English units on the other.

Hardwood meter stick with metric graduations. Scale reads left to right on one side, right to left on the other.

WE CAN HELP

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SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

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Labware Large Table Clamp

Universal Table Clamp

ME-9472

ME-9376B

When experiments require extra stability, this PASCOdesigned 4 kg cast-iron base delivers. The A-frame design provides a wide base to support one or two rods, and the large mass provides stability that simply can’t be achieved any other way. The rod mounting holes have a special three contact-point design to assure stability. Rods from 9 to 12 mm (3/8 to 1/2 inches) can be supported. Two adjustable feet provide the necessary leveling capability.

Attach this Universal Table Clamp to tables or shelves up to 6.0 cm (2 3/8 inch) thick. Can also be mounted on a ring stand. Mount rods in the clamp either vertically or horizontally. The rods are held securely by stable 3-point contacts. Use standard unthreaded lab rods — 9.5 mm (3/8 inch) to 12.7 mm (1/2 inch) — vertically or horizontally. Use 1/2-13 threaded lab rod vertically.

Buret/Utility Clamp SE-9446

Pendulum Clamp ME-9506

The V-shaped, plastic-coated jaws of this Buret Clamp open from 5 to 35 mm, rotate 360° and lock in position at any angle. Fits rods up to 16 mm (5/8 inch) in diameter. Hang up to three pendula from precisely the same height. Suspension points are 54 mm apart. Fits rods up to 16 mm (5/8 inch) in diameter.

Double Rod Clamp ME-9873 (3 pack)

Three-finger Clamp SE-9445

Clamp tubes, rods and irregularly-shaped objects. The jaws extend 19 mm, open to 57 mm, rotate 360° and lock securely at any angle. Fits rods up to 19 mm (3/4 inch) in diameter.

Holds any two rods (up to 12.7 mm (1/2 inch) in diameter) either parallel or perpendicular to one another.

Right Angle Clamp SE-9444

Adjustable Angle Clamp ME-8744

This unique clamp fits any rod up to 12.7 mm (1/2 inch) diameter and can lock the rod in place at any angle.

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This standard right angle clamp fits rods up to 18 mm (11/16 inch) in diameter.

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Multi Clamp

Large Rod Base

ME-9507

ME-8735 Certain experimental setups require extra stability. The PASCO ME-8735 is designed for just such experiments. This sturdy 4 kg cast-iron base provides stability that just can’t be achieved any other way than with a large mass. The A-frame design provides a wide base to support one or two rods. Rods from 9.5 to 13 mm (3/8 to 1/2 inches) can be supported. (See below). The rod mounting holes have a special three-point contact design to assure stability. Two adjustable feet provide the necessary leveling capabilities.

Holds two rods either parallel or at right angles. Fits rods up to 12.7 mm (1/2 inch) in diameter.

“C” Clamps Large “C” Clamp (6 pack) SE-7285 Small “C” Clamp (6 pack) SE-7286

Also Available: Small “A” Base ME-8976

Stainless Steel Rods Non-threaded: 45 cm Stainless Steel Rod ME-8736 90 cm Stainless Steel Rod ME-8738 120 cm Stainless Steel Rod ME-8741 These rugged clamps are perfect for attaching a variety of objects to a table. Available in 8 cm and 10 cm sizes.

Threaded: 60 cm Stainless Steel Rod ME-8977

Braided Physics String

These non-threaded stainless steel rods do not mar like aluminum rods. They are non-magnetic, very rigid, and durable.

All rods 12.7 mm (1/2 in.) in diameter.

SE-8050 This braided Dacron string is tough, resists stretching and won’t unravel. Withstands up to 133 Newtons of force (equivalent to 13.6 kg). Each roll provides 320 meters of string.

Base and Support Rods Large Base and Support Rod ME-9355 Small Base and Support Rod SE-9451

Glow String (2-pack) SE-8690

This stretchy “string” glows in the dark after being exposed to light. Use it to demonstrate wave motion, including resonance and standing wave patterns. Two rolls are included, totaling over 15 meters of string.

WE CAN HELP

Large Base and Support Rod includes built-in leveling screws and a 45 cm threaded aluminum rod. Small Base and Support Rod does not include leveling screws and comes with a 50 cm threaded steel rod.

SALES@PASCO.COM

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

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SPARKlab Library labs labs labs

labs labs labs

SPARKlab Library

Inside a SPARKlab

Over 60 FREE Labs – for effective inquiry-based science learning labs labs labs

labs labs labs labs

labs labs labs labs

Biology

labs labs Acid Rain Enzyme Action Exploring Microclimates Membrane Permeability Organism and pH Osmosis

labs Plantlabs Respiration and Photosynthesis Respiration of Germinating Seeds The Role of Buffers Transpiration

Chemistry labs

labs Absolute Zero (Gay-Lussac’s Law) Acid-Base Titration Boyle’s Law Concentration of a Solution (Beer’s Law) Diprotic Acid Titration Electrochemical Battery

labs

labs Earth Science labs labs

Air Pollution and Acid Rain Insolation and the Seasons Monitoring the Quality of Water Properties of Water Radiation Energy Transfer labs labs labs

labs labs

labs labs

labs

Physics

labs labs Acceleration Archimedes’ Principle Conservation of Energy Electromagnetic Induction Magnetism

Physical Science labs

Acceleration Air Pollution & Acid Rain Evidence of a Chemical Reaction Faraday’s Law Insolation & the Seasons Newton’s First Law Percent Oxygen in Air

labs Middle School

labs

Acid Rain and Seed Germination Acid’s Effect on Teeth labs Exploring Environmental Temperatures Mapping the Ocean Floor Measuring Light Intensity Measuring the Voltage of labs Elements in Series

labs

Elementarylabs School

labs

Endothermic & Exothermic Changes Feeling & Measuring Temperature Heating Land and Water Keeping Warm Lighting a Bulb Melting and Boiling

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labs

Evidence of a Chemical Reaction Heats of Reaction and Solution Intermolecular Forces Percent Oxygen in Air Periodic Trends

Integrated data collection and analysis means that students immediately draw meaning from the measurements and connect them to the science concept being investigated.

labs

Soil Salinity Soil pH Specific Heat – Land vs. Water Water Treatment labs Newton’s First Law Newton’s Second Law Ohm’s Law Speed and Velocity Voltage – Fruit Battery

Radiation Energy Transfer Soil pH Specific Heat of Sand vs. Water Speed & Velocity Varying Reaction Rates Voltage

Observing Freezing Point Depression Recovery Heart Rate Soil Characteristics Speed and Velocity Thermoregulation of Body Temperature Varying Reaction Rates

labs Mixing Warm & Cool Water Temperatures in the Environment What is a Conductor? What is an Electric Circuit?

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM

All background information, materials lists, safety notes and procedures are provided, keeping students in the flow of the lab, not flipping back and forth with paper reference materials.

Assessment throughout. Making predictions, sequencing challenges, free response and multiple choice questions are all used to keep students engaged — and to encourage reflection and retention.

PASCO Partner SPARKlabs PASCO has partnered with Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies to offer this collection that includes nine renewable energy SPARKlabs. labsThese help students develop an understanding of renewable energy.

A career-based, hands-on program for teaching Earth Science, Life Science, and Physical Science in grades 4-8.


New Additions to the SPARKlab Online Library! Additional Biology SPARKlabs

Additional Chemistry SPARKlabs

Heart Rate

Fermentation in Yeast

Diffusion

Students study their heart rate and observe how physical activity increases their cardiac output.

Students study yeast metabolism in a closed environment.

Students measure diffusion and osmosis through semipermeable membranes.

PS-2076

PS-2077

(Hand-Grip Heart Rate Sensor)

PS-2075

(Oxygen Gas & Ethanol Sensors)

(Water Quality & Colorimeter Sensors)

pH of Household Chemicals (pH Sensor)

Students evaluate the pH of common hair products and common household items.

PS-2078

Emission Spectra

(Amadeus Spectrometer)

Students identify the composition of gas in a light source and develop an understanding of Bohr’s Model.

PS-2079

Reaction Rates: Glucose Concentration

(Colorimeter) Students learn about reaction rates and the effects of glucose concentration and chemical reactions.

PS-2080

Additional Earth Science SPARKlabs

Additional Environmental Science SPARKlabs

Earth’s Magnetic Field (Magnetic Field

Biofuels from Fermentation

Plant Metabolism and the Carbon Cycle

Toxicology Using Yeast

Explore how changing one or more variables can alter the rate of ethanol production.

Students measure and compare CO2 consumption during photosynthesis and CO2 production during respiration.

Use sensors and an EcoChamber to demonstrate how yeast cells serve as a model to assess chemical hazards.

Greenhouse Gases

Seafloor Dynamics

Sensor) Investigate and

Simulate a greenhouse gas environment and investigate the effects of trapped heat and the effects of greenhouse gases on their atmosphere.

magnetism in rocks and explore how seafloor spreading causes the movement

PS-2084

PS-2085

PS-2086

visualize the magnetic field lines surrounding Earth and then model properties of Earth’s magnetic field.

(Temperature Sensor)

(Magnetic Field Sensor) Study the natural

of Earth’s crustal plates.

Additional Physics SPARKlabs

Position: Match Graph

(Motion Sensor) Students measure back and forth motion and explore the differences between distance, position, and displacement.

PS-2081

Projectile Motion

(Photogates)

Students measure the range of a projectile as a function of launch angle to predict what will happen with a new set of data.

PS-2082

(Ethanol Sensor)

PS-2089

(CO2 Sensor)

PS-2087

(pH and CO2 Sensors)

PS-2088

Additional Physical Science SPARKlabs

Radiation

pH of Household Chemicals

Position: Match Graph

Students measure the effectiveness of different shielding materials against radioactive exposure.

Evaluate the pH of common hair products and common household items.

Students measure back and forth motion and explore the differences between distance, position, and displacement.

(Geiger-Müller Tube)

(pH Sensor) PS-2078

(Motion Sensor)

PS-2081

PS-2083

Additional Middle School SPARKlabs

Additional Elementary School SPARKlabs

Exploring Motion Graphs (Motion

Amazing Body Parts: Eyes (Light

Monitoring the Weather

Investigate the reflection of light from the surfaces of two different colors.

Collect data on weather conditions to find patterns to make a weather forecast.

Sensor) Give students

an understanding of the relationship between the actual motion of an object and its motion graph (position versus time).

Water Quality

(Conductivity Sensor)

Use a conductivity sensor to determine the quality of water and measure the concentration of ions.

PS-2093

Yeast Growth

(Chemistry Sensor)

Use a closed environment to measure the carbon dioxide gas emitted by yeast as it ferments.

PS-2094

Sensor)

PS-2096

Sharing the Warmth

(Weather Sensor)

(Temperature Sensor)

PS-2098

PS-2097

Determine what happens when hot objects are put next to cooler ones.

PS-2095

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SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

237


Curriculum

Teacher Guides

PASCO Teacher Guides include a flash drive and printed manual. The manual contains the detailed teacher version, complete with standards-based guided inquiry lab activities, background materials, tips, suggested answers, and much more. Student handouts (editable Word document) and full teacher edition (PDF) are available on the flash drive.

Advanced Biology through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2852 (page 21)

Biology through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2870B (page 23)

Advanced Chemistry through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2877B (page 45)

Earth Science through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2872B (page 67)

Advanced Environmental Science Teacher Guide PS-2878B (page 81)

Advanced Physics Teacher Guide PS-2879B (page 101)

Chemistry through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2871B (page 47)

Physics Through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2873B (page 103)

Look

Inside Physical Science through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2843A (page 133)

Middle School Science Teacher Guide PS-2874B (page 147)

Elementary School Science through Inquiry Teacher Guide PS-2875B (page 161)

c

See more about these instructional materials in the science sections:

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Biology ..................................... page 16

Environmental Science ........ page 76

Middle School ........................ page 140

Chemistry ............................... page 40

Physics .................................... page 96

Elementary ............................. page 158

Earth Science ......................... page 62

Physical Science.................... page 128

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Inside the Inquiry & Advanced Teacher Guides Lab activities and guide designed for teacher and student success

Supporting background information for the teacher and student. Background information includes Pre-Lab activities, relevant formulas and sample problems.

Data Analysis section includes sample data tables and calculations.

Labs include detailed illustrations of experimental setups.

Sample Data for each experiment so you know what to expect as your students perform the lab activities. Note: The above pages are excerpts from the Chemistry and Advanced Physics Teacher Guides.

WE CAN HELP

Check-boxes make it easy to keep track of progress through the lab procedure.

SALES@PASCO.COM

Instructions utilize tech-tips and can be used with ease with any of PASCO’s interfaces or software.

SUPPORT@PASCO.COM

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Professional Development Solutions

Professional Development that is effective: Our modeling and process get results. A Effective A Relevant A Flexible Our mission is to provide teachers with the training and guidance they need to lead a 21st century science lesson with confidence. By working closely with our team of experts, teachers will learn more about how to guide students through an inquiry-based lesson, integrate technology into their teaching and take important steps toward driving student achievement in science.

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MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM


Modeling: Modeling student lessons is at the center of our professional development program. Our trainers model techniques that are consistent with those outlined by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, the National Science Teachers Association’s Standards and ISTE’s National Education Technology Standards. We know that this approach prepares teachers to lead inquiry-based science activities, guiding students beyond memorizing facts toward developing true science literacy. Process: Our trainers follow the guidelines outlined by the National

Board for Professional Teaching Standards, the National Science Teachers Association’s Standards and ISTE’s National Education Technology Standards. They guide teachers through the integration of technology into the lesson and model an inquiry-based approach to teaching science so teachers are comfortable leading their class using this method. The key is to help teachers create a learning environment where students drive the experiment. Students make predictions about how an experiment will unfold, and then collect and analyze the data to see how their predictions compare to the actual results.

Results: This approach to scientific inquiry helps students develop their conceptual knowledge and understanding of science as defined by science education standards and creates a foundation for STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) success. Students will also develop fundamental abilities that underlie science content standards: A Critical thinking skills — identify questions to answer through scientific investigations; think critically and logically to make the relationship between evidence and explanations. A Procedural expertise — design and conduct scientific investigations. A Proficiency in design and construction of lab experiments — use appropriate tools and techniques to gather, analyze and interpret data. A Analytical skills — develop descriptions, explanations, predictions and models using evidence. Inquiry-based learning leads to science literacy. We are eager to work with your teachers to engage students in scientific practices that can lead to increased science achievement.

Our professional development team: Includes current and

former teachers passionate about science and science teaching. They have developed lab activities to help teachers create an inquiry-based learning environment for their students. These standards-based lab activities are designed to guide students through the process of prediction, investigation and promotion of critical thinking and group discussion. Students have an opportunity to think and experiment like a real scientist. The lab activities take required lessons and put them in a format that is easy to follow, seamlessly integrating easy-to-use technology into your science investigations.

WE CAN HELP

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Professional Development Solutions

Trainings that are relevant. We offer training for teachers at all grade levels. Below is a list of some key topics for STEM, Elementary Science, Middle School Science, and various disciplines for High School Science. We’ll work with your teachers to make sure the topics covered are the ones that are most relevant for their classrooms. The training workshop accommodates the use of any of PASCO’s interfaces and offers instruction in integrating technology-based lab activities into the science curriculum, and pedagogical approaches for successful implementation using a hands-on approach. PASCO trainings provide teachers with skills and tools they can use to integrate PASCO technologies successfully into their classrooms.

STEM: Learn to implement PASCO science and technology equipment in

their classes to fulfill STEM curriculum requirements in K-12 classrooms. The training emphasizes science content, technology integration, the engineering process, and math concepts as related to specific science activities. Inquiry and problem-based approaches are foundational to the workshop.

Elementary Science: Learn how to seamlessly teach standards-based elementary level science concepts using PASCO equipment. Our solutions are pedagogically sound and can be scaffolded to meet the needs of all learners. Middle School Science: Develop the skills to integrate science technol-

ogy into your curriculum at all levels with an approach that is collaborative and flexible (for anywhere-science learning). Training is offered for standards-based lessons in the following areas:

A Life science A Earth science A Physical science

High School Science: Learn how to integrate PASCO technology into

your science curriculum, using standards-based lab activities designed with an inquiry approach. Give students the experience of carrying out scientific investigations the way they are conducted by scientists in their respective fields. A wide range of science topics are covered in the sciences.

Physical Science

Physics

Biology

Earth & Environmental Science

A Force and Motion A Energy Transfer A Geosphere A Chemical Reactions, Properties of Matter A Chemistry of Life A Cell Biology A Ecology A Physiology

Chemistry

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A Lab Skills A Structure A Properties of Matter A Chemical Reactions

MORE INFORMATION AT PASCO.COM

A Mechanics A Electricity A Magnetism A Optics A Thermodynamics A The Geosphere A The Hydrosphere A The Atmosphere A The Biosphere A GIS using My World ®


Training formats that are flexible and customizable. Training options can be completely customized and designed to meet YOUR needs. Here are a few formats that are available — please contact your PASCO Science Education Consultant to design the right program for your school!

On-campus Training: A PASCO trainer meets with teachers on

their campus to guide them through successful technology integration into their science lesson. The workshop can focus specifically in one area of science, or teachers from a variety of science disciplines can participate in the same workshop. Each full day of on-campus training can be followed by a one-hour webinar after the initial training to review questions the teachers may have after implementing the new technology and techniques into their lesson plans.

Co-teaching Training: A PASCO trainer works with teachers to develop a subject-specific lesson for their class. The trainer joins the teacher in the classroom to implement the lesson and co-teach the class. This model offers on-the-job training and allows the trainer and teacher to work together throughout the lesson through 2-3 class periods with students present. Train-the-Trainer: Teachers well versed in PASCO technology can receive training to prepare them to become their school’s local trainer. Teachers can travel to PASCO in Roseville, California or they can be trained at a local campus. A PASCO trainer will lead the group of teachers through the steps for successful technology integration with an emphasis on the key takeaways that the teachers should emphasize as they step into the trainer role for their campus. Web-based Training: PASCO trainers use web conferencing to set

up web-based training for teachers. Over the course of three sessions, participants learn the essentials of their PASCO equipment with hands-on skill-building activities, learn to conduct lab activities with their students, review and evaluate implementation of the lab activities in their classrooms and work through labs from a selected set of common activities.

Contact us today. We can develop a plan to improve student achievement.

www.pasco.com

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Index A Absolute Pressure Sensors ................. 206 Absolute Pressure/ Temperature Sensor ........................ 206 Absolute Zero Sphere ........................... 55 Absorbers (Radiation).......................... 208 Acceleration Sensors 2-axis ............................................... 182 3-axis ............................................... 182 3-axis/Altimeter............................... 182 Visual ............................................... 183 Visual Accelerometer Accessory Kit ................................... 183 Adapter, Analog & Digital ................... 219 Adaptive Curriculum............................ 231 Advanced Chemistry Sensor .................. 41, 51, 180, 195, 206 Advanced Placement Biology ......................................... 20-21 Chemistry ..................................... 44-45 Environmental Science ................ 80-81 Physics ..................................... 100-101 AirLink 2 Interface ....................... 221, 223 Alligator Clip Leads ............................. 215 Alpha Beta Gamma Radiation Sensor ............................. 208 Amadeus Spectrometer .... 41, 45, 57, 211 Analog Adapter .................................. 219 Android-based Solutions..................... 222 Angle Clamp ........................................ 234 Aquatic Productivity Bottles.................. 33 Atmospheric Properties Chamber ... 54, 73

B Balance Stand, Force Sensor .............. 191 Balances, Scout Pro ............................ 233 Barometer/Low Pressure Sensor .......................... 17, 31, 184, 207 Base & Support Rods .......................... 235 Basic Rock and Mineral Kit ................... 69 Bicycle Gyroscope ............................... 111 Biology............................................. 16-39 Biology Sensor Bundles Advanced ..................................... 21, 23 Physiology Extension ......................... 23 Standard ............................................ 23 Starter .......................................... 19, 23 Biology Solutions Order Guide .........38-39 Biotechnology ................................. 34-35 Blood Pressure Sensor .......... 37, 154, 184 Braided Physics String ........................ 235 Breath Rate Sensor ....................... 36, 184 Bridges & Structures ....................114-115 Broad Spectrum Light Sensor ............. 196 Buret/Utility Clamp ............................. 234

C C-Clamps ............................................. 235 Calorimetry Cups ................................... 52 Capstone Software ......................123-125 Carbon Dioxide Sensor 17, 29, 77, 91, 185 Carts and Tracks ................... 97, 104-105, 129, 134, 143 Charge Sensor ..................................... 185 Charge/Discharge Circuit .................... 116 Charging Stations SPARK ........................................ 12, 224

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Charging Stations (cont.) SPARKlink Air............................. 13, 183 Xplorer GLX ...................................... 226 Chemical Water Quality Tests .............. 84 Chemistry ........................................ 40-61 Chemistry Sensor Bundles Advanced ........................................... 45 Standard ............................................ 47 Starter .......................................... 43, 47 Chemistry Solutions Order Guide.....60-61 Chemistry Sensor ....50-51, 129, 137, 141, 156, 180, 195, 203, 206 Chromatography .................................. 159 Clamps......................................... 234-235 Coils..................................................... 117 Color Mixer & Accessory Kit ............... 121 Colorimeter.............................. 32, 56, 186 Colorimeter, Water Quality ........... 84, 216 Computer-based Solutions .................. 225 Conductivity Sensor ............................ 186 Current Sensor, High ........................... 186 Curved Track ........................................ 106 Cuvettes & Caps.................................. 186

D Data Collection Interfaces AirLink 2 ................................... 221, 223 SPARKlink ........................ 144, 159, 225 SPARKlink Air.... 13, 183, 221, 223, 225 USB Link....................................... 9, 225 Dataloggers SPARK Science Learning System ................. 144, 159, 161, 224 Universal, 850 ...........................123-125 Xplorer GLX ...................................... 126 Data Collection Software Capstone ...................................124-125 SPARKvue ................4-9, 144, 159, 161, 220, 223, 227-229 SPARKvue HD .............13, 183, 220-223 Density Circulation Model .................... 72 Density Set ............................................ 58 Diffraction Kit ...................................... 122 Diffusion/Osmosis Kit ........................... 30 Digital Adapter, PASPORT ........... 205, 219 Digital Microscopy ................... 26-27, 93, 150-151, 232 Diode Laser, Green .............................. 122 Discover Centripetal Force Kit ............ 110 Discover Collision Bracket .. 107, 143, 191 Discover Friction Accessory ................ 109 Displacement Sensor .......................... 198 Dissolved Oxygen Sensor.................... 187 Double Rod Clamp............................... 234 Drop Counter .................. 41, 51, 187, 203 Dual Humidity Sensor ................... 91, 194 Dual Pressure Sensor .......................... 207 Dynamics Track Optics Carriage ......... 122 Dynamics Track Optics Kit............. 97, 121

E Earth Science .................................. 62-75 Earth Science Sensor Bundles .............. 67 Earth Science Solutions Order Guide...................................74-75 Earth’s Precious Resources ................. 172 EcoChamber .................................... 28, 88 EcoZone System .................24, 90-91, 153

Edvotek Ion-Exchange Chromatography Kit ........................... 59 Edvotek Thin-Layer Chromatography Kit ........................... 59 Egg Drop STEM Module...................... 143 EKG Sensor & Electrode Patches ........ 188 Electrodes, Ion Selective..................... 195 Electrophoresis Classroom Set ............. 35 Elementary School Science See K-8 Index................................... 140 Sensor Bundle.................................. 161 Environmental Science.................... 76-95 Environmental Science Sensor Bundles Advanced ........................................... 81 Mobile Water Quality ........................ 83 Environmental Science Solutions Order Guide...................................94-95 Ethanol Sensor .............................. 28, 188 Exercise Heart Rate Sensor ................ 194 Extension Cable, Sensor ..................... 218 Eye Model ........................................... 120 ezSample Test Kits ........................ 84, 216

F Fast Response Temp Probe ................. 213 Field Studies (Environmental) ......... 82-87 Field Titrator Kit..................................... 84 Flat pH Electrode ................................. 203 Flow Rate/Temperature Sensor .......... 189 Force Accessory Bracket ............. 107, 190 Force Platform ............................. 109, 189 2-axis ............................................... 189 Force Sensors ............... 96, 109-110, 129, 135, 141, 157, 190 Force Sensor Balance Stand ............... 191

G Galvanometer ...................................... 192 Gamma Sources .................................. 208 Gas Laws Accessory Kit ...................... 176 Gas Law Apparatus ....................... 55, 137 General Science Sensor .............. 181, 210 GIS Software ................................ 38, 122 Glow String ......................................... 235 Goniometer.......................................... 192 GPS Position Sensor........... 63, 70, 77, 87, 148, 193 Green Diode Laser............................... 122 Greenhouse Gas Model ........................ 88

H Hand-Grip Heart Rate............ 37, 155, 194 Hand-held Science Solutions ........ 12, 224 Graphing & Analysis ........................ 226 Handle Set, Sensor ............................. 218 Heart Rate Sensors ..................... 155, 194 High Accuracy Drop Counter ........................ 41, 51, 187, 203 High Current Sensor ............................ 186 High-Quality Meter Sticks................... 233 High Resolution Force Sensor ............. 190 High Sensitivity Light Sensor .............. 197 Hooked Mass Set ................................ 233 Horizon Renewable Energy Kit...... 79, 145 Horizon Renewable Energy SPARKlabs for Middle School ............................ 144 for High School .................................. 78

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Hot Plate........................................ 52, 232 Human Eye Model ............................... 120 Humidity/Temp/Dew Point Sensors.... 194

I Ideal Gas Law Apparatus .............. 55, 137 Incline Plane Accessory ...................... 105 Incline Plane Dynamics Set................. 105 Infrared Light Sensor........................... 197 Intel Learning Series ........................... 227 Interfaces AirLink 2 ................................... 221, 223 SPARKlink ........................ 144, 159, 225 SPARKlink Air.... 13, 183, 221, 223, 225 SPARK Science Learning System ................. 144, 159, 161, 224 Universal, 850 ...........................123-125 USB Link....................................... 9, 225 Xplorer GLX ...................................... 126 Ion-Exchange Chromatography Kit........ 59 Ion-Selective Electrodes ..................... 195 iPad Solutions ..................................... 220 Isotope Generator Kit .......................... 208

J–K K-8 Science ..................................140-141 K-8 Science Solutions Order Guide...............................162-163 kena Digital Microscope .................. 26, 93, 151, 232 ken-a-vision Digital Monocular Comprehensive Scope 2 ............ 27, 232 Key Concepts in Science, Sally Ride Earth Science ........................... 164-166 Student Station & Acc. Kit .............. 167 Life Science ..................................... 168 Student Station & Acc. Kit .............. 169 Physical Science .............................. 170 Student Station & Acc. Kit .............. 171 Earth’s Precious Resources .............. 172 Our Changing Climate...................... 172 Student Station & Order Guide ....... 173

L Lab Manuals..............See Teacher Guides Large Picket Fence .............................. 204 Light Sensors....................................... 196 Broad Spectrum ............................... 196 High Sensitivity................................ 197 Infrared ............................................ 197 Level (Lux) ........................................ 196 UVA (Ultraviolet) .............................. 197 Linear Motion Accessory .................... 201 Load Cells & Amplifiers............... 115, 198

M Magnetic Field Sensor .......... 63, 117, 199 2-axis ............................................... 199 Magnetic Motion Sensor Bracket ....... 200 Magnetic Stirrer ............................ 33, 232 Mass/Hanger Sets .............................. 233 Matter Model ................................ 58, 136 Measuring Tape, Metric ..................... 233 Metabolism Chamber.................... 29, 154 Meter Sticks ....................................... 233 Micro Stir Bar (5-pack) ................ 187, 203


Microscope, kena Digital (20-100x)....... 93, 151, 232 Digital Monocular (40-1000x) ............................ 26-27, 232 Microscope Camera, USB ..................... 69 Middle School Science See K-8 Index................................... 140 Sensor Bundles ................................ 147 Middle School Solutions Order Guide ..................................162-163 Mini Projectile Launcher ..................... 108 Mini Rotational Accessory .................. 201 Mitochondrial Genetics Kit ................... 34 Molecular Modeling Software.........48-49 Motion Sensors Rotary Motion Sensor...................... 201 Motion Sensor .................. 96, 129, 135, 141, 157, 200 Motion Sensor Bracket, Magnetic ...... 200 Motion Sensor Guard .......................... 200 MultiMeasure Sensors ....................... 180 My World GIS 5.0.......................... 68, 230 Applications of...............71, 82-87, 149, 193, 217

N Non-Contact Temperature Sensor ........................................ 89, 212

O Ocean Optics Amadeus Spectrometer ................ 41, 45, 57, 211 Odyssey Molecular Modeling Software ...................................... 48-49 Ohaus Balances................................... 233 Online Academy for Science & Math ............................... 231 Optics Carriage.................................... 122 Optics Kit, Dynamics Track.... 96, 121, 174 Order Information & Form ........... 246-247 Our Changing Climate ......................... 172 Oxidation Reduction Potential Probe .. 202 Oxygen Gas Sensor ................. 17, 29, 202

P PASPORT Sensor List .......................... 178 PASPORT Sensor Extension Cable ...... 218 PAStrack Curved .................................. 105 PAStrack Dynamics System ............... 97, 104, 129, 134, 143 Pendulum Clamp ................................. 234 pH Buffer Capsule Set......................... 232 pH Electrode, Flat ................................ 203 pH Sensors .............................. 17, 29, 202 Physical Science.......................... 128-139 Physical Science Sensor Bundles Standard .......................................... 133 Starter ...................................... 131, 133 Physical Science Solutions Order Guide...............................138-139 Physics........................................... 96-127 Physics Bundles AP & Advanced High School ........... 101 Inquiry-based Physics Equipment .... 103 Standard .......................................... 103 Starter ........................................ 99, 103 Physics Solutions Order Guide...............................126-127

Physics String, Braided ....................... 235 Photogate & Accessories ........... 106, 108, 204-205 Head......................................... 106, 204 Pulley System .................................. 204 Tape Set ........................................... 205 Photosynthesis Tank...................... 33, 152 Picket Fence, Large ............................. 204 Planchets ............................................. 208 Power Amplifier, GLX .......................... 226 Power Supply, Student ................ 117, 232 Pressure Sensors..........................206-207 Primary Grades Science ...............140-141 Primary Productivity ............................. 68 Professional Development ...........240-243 Project-Based Physics ................. 114-115 Projectile Launcher, Mini .................... 108

Q Quad Pressure Sensor ......................... 207 Quad Temperature Sensor ............ 25, 214

R Radiation Sensor ................................. 208 Radioactive Sources............................ 208 Ray Optics ..................................... 97, 121 Relative Pressure Sensor .................... 207 Replacement Items ............................. 219 Renewable Energy .................79, 144-145 Respiration Rate Sensor ..................... 208 Ripple Tank System ............................. 118 Rock & Mineral Kit ................................ 69 Rocket Engine Test Bracket................. 191 Rods and Bases ................................... 235 Rotary Motion Sensor ......................... 201 Rotating Chair ..................................... 110 Rotational Accessory, Mini ................. 201 Rotational Inertia Wands ...................... 14

S

T

Salinity Sensor .............................. 86, 209 Sally Ride Science....................... 164-173 Scout Pro Balances ............................. 233 Sensor-based Diffraction Kit............... 122 Sensor Extension Cable ...................... 218 Sensor Handles ................................... 218 Sensor Index........................................ 178 Sensor Replacement Items ................. 219 Skin Surface Temperature Probe ........ 213 Sickle Cell Gene Detection Kit .............. 34 Significant Figures Set .................. 58, 136 Sine Wave Generator.......................... 119 Snap Vials, ezSample.................... 84, 216 Software My World GIS 5.0 ........... 68, 71, 82-87, 149, 193, 217, 230 Odyssey Molecular Modeling...... 48-49 SPARKvue ................4-9, 144, 159, 161, 220, 223, 227-229 SPARKvue HD App ......13, 183, 220-223 Soil Moisture Sensor .................... 86, 209 Sound Level Sensor............................. 210 SPARK Charging Station ....................... 12 SPARK Science Learning System ..................... 144, 159, 161,224 SPARKscience Solutions Hand-held .......................................... 12 Tablet-based, wireless ..................... 13

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SPARKlab Overview .........................10-11 SPARKlab Library .........................236-237 SPARKlabs Biology ......................................... 18-19 Chemistry ..................................... 42-43 Earth Science ............................... 64-65 Environmental Science ................ 78-79 Elementary School Science ..... 158-159 Horizon Renewable Energy.......144-145 Middle School Science .............142-143 Physical Science .......................130-131 Physics ......................................... 98-99 Sally Ride Science ................... 164-173 SPARKlink ............................ 144, 159, 225 SPARKlink Air ........ 13, 183, 221, 223, 225 SPARKvue ..............4-9, 13, 144, 159, 161, 225, 228-229 SPARKvue HD for iPad................................13, 220-221 for Android ..........................13, 222-223 Spectral Tubes & Power Supply............ 57 Spectrometer.................... 41, 45, 57, 211 Specific Heat Set................................... 52 Spirometer Sensor ........................ 36, 211 Stainless Steel Temperature Probe .... 213 Statics System .................................... 113 STEM Modules............................ 174-177 Air Bag ............................................. 176 Biosphere ......................................... 176 Egg Drop .......................................... 177 Collision ........................................... 177 Stirrer, Magnetic ........................... 33, 232 Stopwatch ........................... 110, 113, 233 Strings, Glow & Physics ...................... 235 String Vibrator ..................................... 119 Strobe .................................................. 119 Structures Systems ......................114-115 Student Power Supply................. 117, 232 Super Pulley with Clamp ..................... 143 Support Rods & Stands ....................... 235

U USB Link .............................................. 225 USB Microscope Camera ...................... 69 Universal Interface, 850 ...............125-127 UVA Light Sensor ................................ 197

V Visual Accelerometer & Accessory Kit ............................... 183 Video-Capture & Analysis Software........................ 125 Voltage Sensor, 1-MHz, 2-channel...... 226 Voltage/Current Sensor .......................... 41, 53, 116, 215

W Water Quality Colorimeter ............ 84, 216 Water Quality Field Guide..................... 83 Water Quality Field Testing ............ 82-85 Water Quality Sensor ...... 33, 63, 77, 85, 149, 181, 217 Water Quality Test Kits ................. 84, 216 Watt Meter ........................................... 89 WeatherBug .......................................... 71 Weather/Anemometer Sensor .................... 63, 70, 77, 148, 218 Weather Sensor .......................... 141, 218 Wireless Sensing AirLink 2 ............................... 9, 221, 223 SPARKlink Air..................... 13, 221, 223 Wireless Solutions ...........183, 220-223

X

Table Clamps ....................................... 234 Tablet-based Solutions ..........13, 220-223 Tape Set, Photogate ............................ 205 Teacher Guides Overview ................... 238 Biology ............................................... 22 Biology – Advanced ........................... 20 Chemistry ........................................... 46 Chemistry – Advanced....................... 44 Earth Science ..................................... 66 Environmental Science (Adv) ............. 80 Elementary School Science ............. 160 Middle School Science .................... 146 Physical Science .............................. 132 Physics ............................................. 102 Physics – Advanced ......................... 100 Teacher Training ...........................240-243 Temperature Array .............................. 212 Temperature Sensors .................. 212-214 Temp/Sound/Light Sensor .......... 181, 210 Temperature Type K ............................ 112 Tension Protractor ............................... 212 Thermocline Sensor.............................214 Thin-Layer Chromatography Kit ............ 59 Three-Finger Clamp ............................. 235 Time-of-Flight Accessory ............ 108, 205 Titration ................................................. 84 Toxicology Using Yeast ......................... 92

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Tracks (PAStrack) .................. 97, 104, 129, 134, 143 Transformation of E. coli with GFP Kit ...................................... 34 Turbidity Sensor .................................. 215 Type K Temperature Sensor ................ 214

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Xplorer GLX ......................................... 226 Xplorer GLX Accessories Charging Station .............................. 226 Power Amplifier ............................... 226 Replacement Items .......................... 226

Y–Z Zero Gauss Chamber ........................... 199

Looking for Something Else? This catalog features SPARKscience and related products, including the PASPORT line of sensors. Many more products are available online, including our ScienceWorkshop line and our full catalog of physics products. To request a copy of our 2013 Physics and Engineering catalog:

visit pasco.com/catalog

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Order Information

Terms and Conditions The PASCO Promise of Learning (90-day Satisfaction Guarantee) We are confident that PASCO solutions will help your students achieve more in science. At the end of 90 days, if you are not satisfied that your students are more engaged and learning more effectively, return your purchase for a refund. We don’t want you spending precious budget dollars on something you don’t use. (We are sorry but we must exclude non-PASCO software that has been opened, radioactive products and products that contain perishables.) See instructions for Returns below.

Products Built to Last PASCO 5-Year Limited Warranty for Education PASCO products are built to survive. PASCOmanufactured products are covered by a limited warranty for a period of 5 years from delivery date against defects in material and workmanship. Products manufactured by anyone other than PASCO are subject to the conditions of the warranty supplied by the manufacturer (generally 1 year). The PASCO warranty does not extend to any product, including touch screens, which have been subject to abuse, neglect, accident, improper installation or application, any use other than education, or products which have been repaired or altered outside of our factory. Consumables and limited-life products (such as pH probes, membranes, fast response temperature probes, batteries, chemical solutions, printed materials, etc.) are excluded. Additional warranty information is available upon request.

Free Teacher and Technical Support We want teachers to be successful with PASCO solutions. Please contact our support team with any questions via phone or email. We are here to help. See our contact information below.

Contact PASCO Mail: PASCO scientific 10101 Foothills Blvd. Roseville, CA 95747-7100 U.S.A. E-mail: sales@pasco.com support@pasco.com Phone: +1 916-786-3800 Fax: +1 916-786-7565 Web Site: pasco.com Business Hours: Monday - Thursday: 7:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. Friday: 7:00 a.m. - 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time

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SPARKvue Licenses SPARKvue software may be purchased as a Single License for use with one computer or as a Site License for use on all computers on a K-12 campus or in a college/university department. SPARKvue HD for tablet devices is licensed separately, and is available through the App Store and Google Play. See pasco.com/iPad or pasco.com/Android for more information.

CE MARK Where appropriate, products carry the CE marking which indicates that they conform to the applicable European standards . This almost exclusively applies to products which are designed to meet the following applicable directives: 2004/108/EC

for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)

2006/95/EC

for low voltage electrical equipment

PASCO Capstone Licenses PASCO Capstone may be purchased as a Single License for use with one computer, or as a Site License for use on all computers on a K-12 campus or in a college/university department.

Shipping Items in stock will normally be shipped in less than seven working days from receipt of the order. Specific request for air shipments or special carriers will be honored at additional cost.

Returns Please contact the authorized PASCO representative in your country for assistance in returning equipment for repair. PASCO’s International Customer Service team can be reached at +1-916-786-3800 or at custserv@pasco.com. Out-of-Warranty products must be shipped prepaid, door-to-door. Returns for credit or exchange must be in new condition and packaged in original shipping cartons or packaging sufficient to prevent damage during international transport.

Trademarks: PASCO, PASCO scientific, PASCO Capstone, EcoZone, ezSample, MultiMeasure Sensors, ScienceWorkshop, SPARKscience, SPARK Science Learning System, SPARKvue, SPARKvue HD, SPARKlab, SPARKlink, PASPORT, Tension Protractor, and Xplorer GLX are trademarks or registered trademarks of PASCO scientific in the United States and/or in other countries. All other brands, products or service names are or may be trademarks or service marks of, and are used to identify products or services of, their respective owners. For more complete information visit pasco.com/legal.

More Product Information Designed for education. PASCO products are designed for education; they are not intended for use in graduate research or industry, and should not be used in any apparatus involved with life support, patient diagnosis, or industrial control. PASCO reserves the right to change the specifications of any product without prior notice. If a product is no longer available, PASCO reserves the right to substitute a product of equal, or higher, value and functionality. FCC Where appropriate, electrical products are marked to indicate that they conform to Federal Communications Commission (FCC) standards. Most commonly, FCC Part 15, Class A.

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Other Regulations May Apply Local, national, and international regulations may restrict the purchase, storage, transport, use or disposal of certain products such as chemicals, radioactive sources, and specialty products and wireless transmission devices. Please consult your local regulations to ensure compliance.

Unless Otherwise Specified: – Operating Temperature Range: 0 °C – 40 °C (32 °F to 104 °F). – Maximum Altitude (Operational): 10,000 feet

Quality PASCO scientific Meets the Highest Quality Standards, and our Quality Management System is Registered to ISO 9001.

PASCO and the Environment PASCO is committed to be in compliance with all laws and requirements in the countries in which our products are sold. PASCO is a responsible steward of the environment and as such, continually seeks to minimize the impact that our manufacturing, distribution, and consumption practices make on the planet’s natural resources.

Miscellaneous The European Union (EU) WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) symbol (left) and on the product or on its packaging indicates that this product must not be disposed of in a standard waste container.

RoHS

All applicable products supplied by PASCO Scientific to the EU meet the requirements as specified in the RoHS directive either by substance limits or by product exemptions. The battery or batteries used in PASCO products are marked with the European Union symbol for waste batteries (left) to indicate the need for separate collection and recycling.


ISO 9001:2008 Certified

ÂŽ

s c i e n t i f i c

Since 1964

The Global Leader in 21st Century Science Education Supporting educators in over 100 countries around the globe. When you have questions or need service, we want someone who understands your local needs. We carefully select, train and support local Science Education Partners to serve our customers in each country. When you work with a PASCO Science Education Partner, have confidence that the entire company here in California is ready to assist our Partner – and you, our Customer.

Designed in California. Guaranteed by PASCO. Supported locally. Serving science educators.

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Teacher Support

Dedicated to Science Education For over 45 years PASCO has been guided by just one mission: to provide educators worldwide with innovative solutions for teaching science and engineering. Our team of almost 200 people includes former teachers, educational researchers, and engineers who are dedicated to improving student success. At the forefront of our contact with you is our excellent Teacher and Technical Support staff. Free technical support is available by phone during business hours. After hours, please leave a voice mail, email, or fax and we will respond as soon as possible. For questions about billing, orders and accounts, contact Customer & Order Support.

Meet Our Knowledgeable and Friendly Teacher and Technical Support Staff: Melissa Tomney

Steven Meschia

Melissa has been fascinated with science since a young age. She earned a BS in Biology from State University of New York Geneseo and an MS in Plant Biology from University of California Davis where she discovered her passion for teaching. Her specialties include biology with a focus on genetics, molecular biology, and botany.

Steven brings a wealth of experience in university level physics, with a BS from University of Chicago and Ph.D. from Montana State University. Among other responsibilities, he is our NI/Virtual Instrument developer. He is an avid recumbent bicycle commuter.

Scott Sukrapanna

Mike Paskowitz

Scott is the most experienced member of our Teacher Support team. He earned a BS in Physics and an MS in Plant Biology from University of California Davis. His specialty is physics and plant physiology. He is also an automotive aficionado.

Mike fell in love with science as a child by watching metal workers at a craft fair. He earned his BS in Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science from UC Davis, as well as his MS in Chemical Engineering and Materials Science. He also earned a CA teaching credential and has spent eight years in the classroom teaching physics, chemistry, and math to high school students in Sacramento and Davis. Mike’s specialties include materials science and engineering. Mike enjoys spending time swimming and bicycling with his family.

Amanda Falls

Danny Hur

Amanda’s fascination with science started at a young age while watching Mr. Wizard. She earned a BS in Chemistry and Mathematics from Kansas State University in 2000. She is a veteran of the United States Navy, having spent four years training future nuclear operators at the Navy Nuclear Power School. Her specialties are chemistry and nuclear physics. Amanda enjoys traveling and is learning to play the bagpipes.

Danny’s love and intrigue for mathematics started early in his life and led him to study physics. He earned his BS in Physics from California State University, Sacramento. Prior to joining PASCO, Danny worked as an international procurement agent, a land development planner, and as a sushi chef. Danny enjoys his free time reading and learning to play electric guitar.

Live Contact Hours: M-Th: 7:00 am - 4:30 pm PST F: 7:00 am - 2:00 pm PST email: support@pasco.com

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Phone: 916-786-3800 (outside US) 800-772-8700 (inside US) Fax: 916-786-7565

Mail: PASCO scientific 10101 Foothills Blvd. Roseville, California 95747-7100 USA ISO 9001:2008 Certified

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PASCO Support

Make informed decisions on what equipment best meets your needs! PASCO has fully trained Science Education Partners all around the world – ready to work with you on equipping your lab in the most cost-effective manner. If you would like an introduction to the Science Education Partner in your country, please contact the Regional Manager below for more information.

PASCO Mission

Providing educators worldwide with innovative solutions for teaching science Kevin Mather

Vice President, International Business mather@pasco.com +1 916-786-3800, ext. 220

Canada and Latin America

Asia and Oceania

Humberto Medina

Laurie Chiumar

Regional Manager Canada & Latin America medina@pasco.com +1 916-786-3800, ext. 223

Regional Manager Asia/Oceania chiumar@pasco.com +1 916-786-3800, ext. 224

Middle East and Africa

Europe and CIS

John Wayne

Regional Manager Europe wayne@pasco.com +1 916-786-3800, ext. 212

Kurt Maksad

Regional Manager Middle East/Africa maksad@pasco.com +1 916-786-3800, ext. 299

Mark Kotlyar

Regional Manager CIS mkotlyar@pasco.com +1 916-786-3800, ext. 517

How to contact PASCO

Phone: +1 916-786-3800 Fax: +1 916-786-8905

Mail: PASCO scientific 10101 Foothills Blvd. Roseville, CA 95747-7100 USA E-mail: intlsales@pasco.com support@pasco.com

Web Site: Order and quote online pasco.com Business Hours: Monday - Thursday: 7:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. Friday: 7:00 a.m. - 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time


10101 Foothills Blvd. • Roseville, CA 95747-7100

+1 916-786-3800 www.pasco.com

C-0052_K-12_2013 INT

SPARKvue HD: wireless data collection & analysis for iPad & Android tablets!

2013 datalogging  

Dataloggen met een tablet en met sensoren. Science, natuurkunde biologie, scheikunde het maakt allemaal niet uit met PASCO is het mogelijk.

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