Issuu on Google+

Issue 8 January-February 2011


WELCOME TO THE REVOLUTION

It’s that time of year again, when everyone makes the promise’s they have no intention of keeping. The promise to loose weight, the promise to enjoy life more, but what about the promise to vote? Revolution magazine would like to give the youth of Preston a voice and a way to express themselves in the subjects that interest them most, and this month it’s Politics! Revolution is written and produced by young people, for young people and is full of interesting articles all encouraging you to have your say. As well as this it offers reviews of the latest games, albums and films along with events in the City such as shows, live acts and opportunities for you to make your mark. Enjoy reading!

Holly Breakell


Keep the faith!

3-4

Interview with Will Stobart

7-9

Politics in film

10-12

Big Brother Generation International Corner

13-14 15-16

Music Corner (Billy Bragg)

20-22

Art Corner (Banksy)

24-25

Media Reviews

26-35

(favorite activities of Polish teenagers)

Editor: Holly Breakell Production assistant: Alessia Sirangelo Writers: Jacek Bisinski, Jamie Brewer, Anthony Cox ,

Ryan Flynn,Victoria Holden, Zoe Lamb, Peter McConville, Liam Roberts, Steph Schulz, Alessia Sirangelo, Steve Whiley, Jessica William

Design: Alessia Sirangelo, Tori Smith

DISCLAIMER All rights reserved. This publication may not be reproduced or transmitted in any form, in whole or in part, without the express written permission of the publishers.


Keep the faith! Although it may not seem so, voting age has been a serious issue for young people* for a number of years. To the uninformed eye it may seem that young people do not care about politics but with a little digging it is possible politics doesn’t care about young people. That’s certainly a view held by many. Without raising arguments regarding specific conduct, one fact that last December’s student riots proved was how strong the fire burns inside the hearts of young people. Whilst understanding that 100% of young people won’t feel this negativity, this article wants to encourage those who do feel under appreciated by their government to keep their faith. During a series of focus groups conducted by CSV volunteers, it was hard not to sense the pessimism felt towards politics. With a common argument being “If I can work, pay tax and join the army why can’t I help choose my government?” 3

“Trust us, give us the responsibility and we’ll be responsible” – Young Interviewee As one interviewee stated perfectly, “how are we able to prove our maturity if we are written off before we have begun?” Therefore, providing better education on the topic from an earlier age would enhance the feeling of involvement in the political system. “Make a difference” - CSV Until attention and education on the subject are improved to the level enjoyed by sex education and drugs I encourage everyone to educate yourself on the topic, use our links, join the debate; you could be the difference in ReVOLutionising the voting system. Development in this area is closer now than any point in political history. So make 2011 a year for change in yourself and the government.

*For the purpose of this article ‘young people’ refers to 16-17 year olds.


Votes at 16.

Back the young vote:

.uk/ http://www.votesat16.org

rg.uk/ th Council. /www.byc.o :/ p tt h British You : rd red, be hea Be empowe UK Young Parliament. ://www.ukyp.org.uk/ Change the world for the better: http

Ryan Flynn 4


, but g to help in th e m o do s st” wants to y d o b be the fir y r e “Ev wants to

nobody

iley

Pearl Ba

“Not everything that is faced can be change d, but nothing can be change d until it is faced”

James Baldwin

ble on the “Change your life today. Don’t gam future, act now, without delay”

Simone de Beauvoir

“If one desires a change, one must be that change before that change can take place”

Gita Bellin

s. arenes w a s i ge rd chan eptance” a w o t is acc rst step “The fi e second step nden Th iel Bra

n

“Prepare y

Natha

our mind

to receive has to offe the best that life r”

Ernest H

olmes

5


Interview with Will Stobart (Chairman of Conservative Future) Politics. Even just the sound of it is scary, never mind what it actually means. We hear it every day: Politics on the news, Politics on the radio, Government Politics, Student Politics, Local Politics, Global Politics...even the Politics of your own house. But what does it actually mean? And, if like me, your knowledge on politics is somewhat limited, how are you ever supposed to actually get involved? Recently, I decided it was high time I got to grips with exactly why politics should be so important to each and every one of us and why we need to get involved if we want to have our say and voice our opinions. After all, politics affects almost every aspect of our lives whether we like it or not, so surely we should make sure our opinions count? To help me in my quest for political enlightenment, I met with someone who knows all too well just how crucial and influential politics is when it comes

to the running of our country. Will Stobart is a student at the University of Manchester and is also chairman of the Conservative Future party within the university. What is Conservative Future I hear you cry? Well, in a nutshell, Conservative Future is a branch of the Conservative Party that is specifically created for under 30’s, and was designed to help involve more young people in politics by addressing the issues that matter to them. So, with such an impressive background, it certainly seemed as though a meeting with Will would be the perfect place to start in my bid to be persuaded that politics is a worthwhile cause... One of my biggest fears about the daunting world of politics is that it might be too late for me to really understand what it’s all about. I didn’t grow up having a strong interest in it, and I never really had anyone explain anything about it, so for a long time it just didn’t seem that relevant to me...surely if you’re 6


going to understand politics you have to have always been interested in it? Not true, says Will, “It was during my A Levels that I really developed an interest, I had taken the course in Politics at AS level and it was then that I started to develop a greater awareness and I started thinking about where I stood and which party I most identified with.” I wanted to find out what it was in particular that initially attracted Will to politics and which areas he found most intriguing, “For me it was understanding the entire process” he explained, “how and why the government reaches the decisions it does and how it is decided which policies to enact.” After his involvement with the youth wing of the Conservative Party, it was clear that Will had strong ideas on why politics should be so important to young people; he discussed how it had allowed him to gain a much deeper understanding into the way other people live their lives, “Politics means you get to have your own voice heard and it also allows you to meet other people in the wider world, outside the student bubble, and gain 7

a deeper insight into society as a whole. You can understand more about how other people think and the way they live their lives.’ Will also explained how his involvement with politics had not only involved just thinking about other people, but had also involved taking a much more hands on approach when it came to integrating with other members of society, “As part of my work with Conservative Future I’ve been involved in lots of petitioning and campaigning. There are opportunities to meet local people when you’re knocking from door to door in the area where you’re standing. Campaigns also mean getting involved in a range of local groups and charities”, and it would seem that Will’s involvement in politics doesn’t just stop at meeting local people, he also told me how he has been lucky enough to meet people from the BBC, Sky and the Guardian at this year’s general election, “It’s brilliant getting to meet some really important people from the media as well as from the different political parties.” “Voting is the only way you can get things changed in this


country.” Will explained, “You can’t do it by moaning on Facebook or when you’re sitting around with your mates. If you want to make a difference then you need to use your vote, if you don’t take that opportunity then you’re losing out and then you don’t really have the right to complain anymore.” So it seems Will’s message is clear: Voting is crucial. But what if you’ve never voted before and literally don’t know where to start? Will recommended a great website www.votematch.org.uk which is ideal for helping first time voters. You can take a little quiz which will then indicate which party you tend to agree with most, and also provides information on all of the different parties, making it a lot easier for you to decide which party you think deserves your vote the most. So, I must confess I am now convinced that politics is definitely worth spending a bit more of my time on, and instead of just ignoring the general elections as I have done in the past (shame on me!) I now know that if I want to make changes for

the better, I NEED to utilize my vote. And so do you! And besides, surely it’s worth listening to Will’s advice, you never know, he could be our future Prime Minister...

Victoria Holden 8


Politics in Film It has often been said that everything is Politics, and that theory certainly applies to the business/art of Filmmaking. The legendary director of ‘The Godfather’ and ‘Apocalypse Now’, Francis Ford Coppola, once stated that filmmaking is a dictatorship. Although hundreds, sometimes thousands, work together to create the same film, there is only one true leader, whether that be the director or producer (in Coppola’s case he usually took both roles). Democracy rarely exists in filmmaking, and that, in most cases, is a benefit. Film is indeed ‘big business’, but in some cases it is art, and art requires an artist. Although the Artist (Director/Producer) requires much help (Screenwriter, Cast & Crew) they are all there to paint his/her painting (film). The behind the camera aspect of Politics within film is interesting, but more fascinating is how Politics are represented on screen. 9

Usually Politics are visible directly, in the form of Political stories and characters; but in some cases it is much more subtle, with Political messages and theories buried deep within the film. Some critics have suggested that in the Hollywood blockbuster ‘The Dark Knight’, Batman’s methods in defeating the terrorist Joker are a metaphor for President George W. Bush’s methods in attempting to defeat the threat of terrorism. Is this reading of the film true, or do these critics need to wear glasses?


In these films Politics are front and centre ‘Reds’

U.S.A

1981

Reds is a lavish, big budget Hollywood epic centred around the box office poison of three hours of Communism; that alone makes it fascinating, but what makes it classic cinema is the film’s understanding, and use of, ‘classic cinema’. In the 1970’s Warren Beatty was arguably the most powerful man in Hollywood, thanks to his acting-in and producing-of three major hits, ’Bonnie & Clyde’, ’Shampoo’ and ’Heaven Can Wait’. Beatty parlayed this influence into his dream project: a true story of American journalist John Reed’s involvement with the 1917 Russian Revolution. Beatty, in the guise of Director-Producer-writer and leading man (he won an Oscar for his Directing of the film), wisely chose to counter-balance the politics of Reed’s life with his romance, namely his erratic marriage to radical journalist Louise Bryant. Though

never pro-communism, the film’s political allegiances lie firmly on the left of the spectrum, unsurprising considering Warren Beatty’s reputation as Hollywood’s ‘Leading Liberal’. Despite the film’s promotion as an epic romance, audiences could smell the politics, and decided to watch the other screens, showing such films as 1981’s biggest hit, the politic-light, fun-heavy ‘Raiders of the Lost Ark’. Even though the film was a financial disappointment, ‘Reds’ is now considered an almost forgotten masterpiece, one which needs to be seen by not only those who have an interest in politics, but by those who are interested in film. ‘In

the

loop’

U.K

2009

There have not been many comedy films set in the world of Politics, but ‘In the Loop’ is considered one of the best. The film’s roots begin in the cult BBC Comedy Series ‘The Thick 10


of it’, as that Shows most popular character, political ‘spin doctor’ Malcolm Tucker, is transplanted to a bigger screen, and appropriately bigger politics. The film satirises modern day EnglishAmerican Political allegiances and the invasion of Iraq; the-behind-closed-doors aspect of government is humorously depicted as various inept or crazed politicians and military higherups talk to outweigh the pro’s and con’s of a manufactured middle eastern war. Unmistakably political, but those who are not easily offended should delight in the inventive use of the ‘f’ word and politically-incorrect humour.

Anthony Cox 11


Professor Stephen Coleman is the Professor of political communication and director of research at Leeds University. He has written a number of books, researching the changing nature of citizenship and how the government is coping in a new network society. A number of his working pages have also been added to many other famous books; the most famous being “Young citizens in the digital age”. Professor Coleman’s research shows how young people express their beliefs in a completely different way to the older generation. A lot of the younger generation’s time is spent on the web, especially on social networking sites.

This is a new and interesting way of communicating as opposed to the traditional writing of letters. But it seems that the political system is not ready for this new communication and are building up the opinion that young people don’t care about politics and their traditional subjects, Coleman however shows this is not the case. Professor Coleman’s statistics show that young people would find it much easier to vote if it was all done online. Coleman says that right now in society there is a new approach to things, for example, who votes for the reality show “Big Brother”. Many statistics show worring numbers of young people who prefer to 12


vote on their mobile to decide who should get voted out of the most popular house in the TVs history, than vote for real politicians, that they don’t really understand, they consider boring and feel their opinion wouldn’t matter.

With this attitude we run the risk of losing our young generation, because we are speaking different languages. Can it change? Can young people fit in with the political system? Or does the system need to fit in with young people?

Alessia Sirangelo 13


“Bramming” and “Pólmetek”favorite activities of Polish teenagers I haven’t met a person who complains about having spare time yet. From Monday every one of us is counting the days left to the weekend and perceives it as some kind of salvation. To be honest, during the week we are too busy to relax sufficiently and, sure enough, on Friday we are totally exhausted. Nevertheless, we are also aware that weekend is ahead. But what are we supposed to do during these days? In Poland there are many kinds of entertainment but most of them are dedicated to adults. Exhibitions, museums or any different cultural events for that matter are not suitable for energetic teenagers who are looking for adventures. Admittedly, in Poland we are lacking in events that could be interesting for youth, compared to Western countries such as England, France and Germany but we are also creative and we’ve found the solution to this social problem! Before I started writing, I had some doubts whether I should de-

scribe the phenomenon which has become very popular nowadays. Namely, it is called “bramming”. The word comes from linking the Polish noun (gate) with the combination of English ending used in gerund-form verbs (-ing) and means meeting in gates. In a nutshell, it looks like this. In my town of Kielce there are many places which are thought to be cool. What I mean is the gates are located close to the strict center, especially in old parts of Kielce which is rather dilapidated. In fact, it is not a gate where we meet but courtyards, which are surrounded by 50-year old buildings. Every Friday and Sunday groups of friends meet at a certain gate and arrange some kind of chillout so that they can relax a little bit. Unlike many countries, local shops are very common in Poland and you can provide yourself with all products wherever you are. It is a great advantage because, honestly, drinking beer and some other drinks is part of the parcel of “bramming”. As long as we don’t 14


abuse it, we have great fun. What is more, there emerged another incentive to do “bramming”- the element of risk. Drinking in public places is forbidden in Poland and sometimes police “award” us by giving a fee. On the other hand, we have to do our best to predict police raid and in case run like the wind. What tempts all teenagers is doing something that is forbidden and no one can change it. Maybe it sounds immoral and drastic but we have to face facts that, inevitably, during the period of adolescence many controversial and unacceptable things happen. On a Friday you can meet in one courtyard, around 50 people who are there because of the same reason. Regardless of the sex, the appearance, the views, the school (in Poland we are very attached to school in terms of loyalty), we are there to have a fantastic time and experience new adventures. Generally speaking, we are making some small talk and having fun. But, more importantly, we can make new ac15

quaintance with special people, namely mavericks, musicians, sports man to name but a few. Furthermore, another positive aspect of “bramming’ is our meeting with history of the city. Many inhabitants of the gates, especially elder people, are willing to tell us some stories about the past and origins of these buildings. Once I met an old woman, who told me about her childhood in this building before II World War and her neighbors Jewish, who had to leave this place. “Półmetek” (Polish name of this party) also reinforces the relationships within the class because of common cooperation. We decided to organise these events from Monday to Thursday. Both sides benefit from it because clubs have incomes when normally they are closed and we, as teenagers, who, unfortunately, have to pay attention to our expenses, can save some money. Sounds interesting, doesn’t it?

Jacek Bisinski


How it feels to volunteer

Being a volunteer is very similar to having a paid job but nobody will be there to say to you: “you have to do this” or “you’re a loser because you don’t fit the work-team”. You do volunteering because you really enjoy yourself while your doing it, and you will discover that this is not all, because you will spend every day with people that really need you and just a little smile from them will make you feel really useful. Recently I had one bad experience in a job environment and then I realized how important work time can be in your daily life, so I decided to be a volunteer because my personal satisfaction is much more important to me than a lot of money....at least for my mental health! Personally I think that being a volunteer means meeting many people and enjoying them for who they are, trying to give them as much as possible from yourself, to make them better people and at the same time to find deep within yourself a better way to be YOU!

Alessia Sirangelo (EVS volunteer from Italy) 16


SEVERN SUZUKI 12 years-old, founder of Environmental Children’s Organization UN Earth Summit 1992

“I’m fighting for my future and losing my future is not like losing elections or a few points on the stock market. I’m here to speak for all generations. I’m here to speak for the children around the world who’s cry is not heard. I’m afraid to go in the sun now because of the hole of the Ozone. I’m afraid to breathe the air because I don’t know what chemicals are in it. We know that animals and plants are becoming extinct every day, finishing forever. In my life I have dreamed of seeing wild animals, jungles full of birds and butterflies but now I don’t know if they will even exist for my children to see.

17

Did you have to worry about this things when you were my age? All of this is happening before our eyes and then we act as if we have all the time we want and all the solutions. I’m only a child and I don’t have all the solutions but I want you to realize neither, do you. You don’t know how bring back the extinct animals and you can’t bring back the forest that was full where there is now desert. if you don’t have the solution, please stop destoying! Here, you are maybe delegates of your government, business people, organizers, reporters


or politicians but really you are mothers and fathers, sisters and brothers, aunts and uncles and all of you are someone’s child. In my anger I am not blind and in my fear I’m not afraid of telling the world how I feel. In my country we buy and throw away, buy and throw away yet, buy and throw away, even when we have more than enough we are afraid to share. I’m only a child yet I know if all the money spent on war was spent on ending poverty and finding environmental answers what a wonderful place this earth would be! At school you teach us to not to fight with others, to respect others, to share...so why

would you go out and do the things you tell us not to do??? Do not forget why you are attending these conferences. You are deciding what kind of world we are growing up in. Parents should be able to comfort their children by saying everything is going to be ok, we are doing the best we can, and its not the end of the world but I don’t think you can say that anymore. My dad always says you are what you do, not what you say....well what you do makes me cry at night. I challenge you...

please make your actions reflect your words!”

18


Billy Bragg, a year in activism

Songwriter Billy Bragg has been singing about politics for over 30 years. Often described by his fans as a “working class hero”, Bragg often brings his broadly socialist views to the stage where he gives his opinion on contemporary political issues to his fans between songs. Billy has been a political spokesman since the 1980s, where he backed the miner’s strike and formed the musician alliance ‘Red Wedge’ which discouraged people from voting for the Conservative party. While his public eye activism and opinions may grate on some and anger those further to the right, constant recording and touring has ensured that Billy has amassed a large dedicated fan base. Last year, Billy embraced social media for the first time, regularly updating Twitter and

19

writing a online blog, using the internet and his celebrity platform to inform his followers of ways they can make a difference to UK politics. Regular blog updates and the occasional press interview or opinion column in national newspapers have also show us just how busy a year 2010 was for Billy. Here are just a couple of examples of Billy’s activism over the past year: January Billy gained significant press coverage when he announced that he was going to withhold his income tax as a protest against the planned decision by the Royal Bank of Scotland to pay £1.5billion of bonuses to its investment banking staff. Billy set up a Facebook group opposing the bonuses, which


gathered nearly 33,000 members. March Billy signed a petition calling for the government to abandon a plan to instigate a digital economy bill. The bill would give each web surfer “three strikes” before they were cut off from using the internet if they were discovered illegally downloading music and videos. It would also have impeded on free speech and the liberty of individuals by blocking unsuitable online content. A new anti-British National Party (BNP) T-Shirt became available on Billy’s website inspired by his song, ‘A13: Trunk Road to the Sea’. The A13 road begins on Cable Street in Whitechapel, London, where the British Union of Facists was stopped from marching in 1936. April Billy collaborated on the play ‘Pressure Drop’, providing five new songs for the production. ‘Pressure Drop’, de-

scribed as part play, part gig, part installation included two separate stages - one for the actors and one for Billy and his band. The narrative was anti-fascist and focussed on the dangers of extremism. At the same time, Billy was actively campaigning to stop BNP leader Nick Griffin winning a parliamentary seat in the May election. He clashed with a member of the BNP on Saint Georges Day. Billy approached Richard Barnbrook, who was dressed as Saint George on top a horse and reminded him that Saint George had been Lebanese. Billy later told the press, “He didn’t like that and just rode off on a horse. It was quite bizarre.” Billy also wrote an article for the Telegraph in April on how being patriotic does not make you a fascist. Many people were ashamed of flying the union jack for the World Cup, in fear of being branded as an English Nationalist. Billy wrote that the “reluctance to fly the flag today should be taken as a protest against the BNP, not a failure to be patriotic”. 20


May Billy set up the Jail Guitar Doors project, which aims to provide instruments to those who are using music as a means of rehabilitating prison inmates. August Billy was part of a flash mob of people wearing purple and gave a talk as part of Take Back Parliament, a group seeking a fair voting system so that all parties have representation in Parliament according to the number of votes they receive.

how disappointing it was to have democracy taken away, as many had voted Liberal Democrat based on this promise. He was also one of hundreds of people that signed on online petition against the ‘witchhunt’ of students involved in the Millbank protest, with the intention of protecting protesters from victimisation.

November Following the Millbank student riots in London, Billy wrote a blog with the aim of reminding people of the issue behind the protest which had become slightly overshadowed by media coverage of the violence. Billy wrote of his despair at the Liberal Democrats, who failed to deliver their manifesto to abolish tuition fees when they became part of the coalition with the Conservative party. Billy wrote 21

Steve Whiley


Arcade Fire THE SUBURBS The National HIGH VIOLET Beach House TEEN DREAM Vampire Weekend CONTRA Kanye West MY BEAUTIFUL DARK TWISTED FANTASY

BEST-SELLING ALBUMS Take That PROGRESS (1,841,100) Michael Buble’ CRAZY LOVE (1,227,900) Lady GaGa THE FAME MONSTER (1,051,700) Rihanna LOUD (893,600) Plan B THE DEFAMATION OF STRICKLAND BANKS (826,400)

22


BANKSY Street hero There are not many artists that can connect art and politics and still be popular with the young people of the world. After the “Pop Art” movement ended with the work of Andy Warhol and contemporary art became hermetic and sometimes unintelligible, young people began to move away from “art”, and closer to an art they dubbed “street art”. They don’t need museums to show their pictures anymore, and they don’t want to sell their works because the most important thing they want to express is the message. The world’s biggest street artist is from Bristol and nobody knows his real name or his face, but for everybody he’s Banksy. He began by drawing some critical pictures about

political problems in British society on a few walls of Bristol, eventually moving to many cities and countries; now his pictures are almost protected by law. He is able to communicate with young people because his language is not diplomatic like political language, he’s not scared to say everything is wrong in our society and he does it in a humorous way. I think many young people like him because he’s coherent with what he says, he never tries to make money with his work and he never produced any merchandise related to his pictures. His priority is to show the message and this is what the young people miss in the current political system.

Alessia Sirangelo 23


24


Glass Houses the Morganville Vampires Book One by Rachel Caine With the recent uproar over vampires I have decided to inform you all of an amazing book that offers a unique twist on the way that vampires are treated within society. ‘Glass Houses the Morganville Vampires Book One’ is the first in a series about a small town called Morganville that is run by vampires. Not only does everybody know about the vampires but the they work alongside them and if humans have any chance of surviving they need to have their families owned and therefore guarded by a vampire. The book revolves firstly around a 16 year old girl called Claire who has excelled in school and got into college early. The only problem is that she is bullied by some of the girls in her halls of residence and so ends up looking at a room in the Glass House. It is owned by Michael, a mysterious young man who has a dark but brilliant secret. Also living at the house is the love interest of Shane a 25

steaming hot cup of bad trouble that you can’t help but order. And then there is Eve a funny goth who soon turns out to be Claire’s best friend and mentor into all things Morganville. And so when Claire moves into the Glass House she soon discovers that Morganville is not the quiet little town she thought it to be. It turns out that her landlord goes from mysteriously disappearing with everyone believing that it’s because he is asleep or out, to him undergoing his remarkable transformation into a ghost that Claire witnesses before her very eyes. It turns out he is a vampire that didn’t get turned all the way and so now he is nothing more than a ghost trapped inside the very house he was ‘killed’ in. Claire moved to Morganville with the intention of going to college, graduating and then moving on. Instead her life gets turned upside down as she gets involved in the vampire politics of the town. She becomes of


interest to the head of the vampires, the town’s rebellious vampire and a bully to the extreme known as Monica, all of whom want her dead in some form or another. And so ends up on an endeavour that will win her a place in the good books of the vampires in town as well as trying to stay on top of her college work and surviving all the way. This book is a surprising change from the light hearted representations of vampires that have come out recently. It tackles serious social issue like bullying, moving away from home and untrustworthy authority figures but also appeals to its audience with the exciting and unpredictable storyline that end with you desperate for more.

Steph Schulz 26


Time-travelling has always been a dream of mine ever since I discovered Doc Brown in ‘Back To The Future’, and I’m sure you’ve all been asked that recurrent question - “Where would you go?” There are infinite possibilities and we’ve all heard those frivolous answers such as “I’d check today’s lottery numbers and go back to yesterday,” or the even more self-indulgent (and frankly, quite disturbing) “my own birth”. Unfortunately, such technology does not currently exist and we are forced to face the fact that we will sooner grow to ninety and squabble over a game of scrabble for five hours before time- travel could emerge as a viable invention. However, Harper Lee’s ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’ is my very own, personal time-travelling machine that absolutely deserves every praise for managing to shift me from the confines of my (I’m 27

ashamed to say ‘untidy’) living-room, and into the 1930’s fictional town of Maycomb, set in Southern Alabama. Narrated by eight-year old Scout Finch, a cute, perpetually curious and mischievous character, we are able to see through the eyes of a child the extent of which racism affects not only the victim subjected to it, but to those who wish to abolish and overcome it. However, like every classic piece of literature, there must be a hero and Atticus Finch certainly fits that profile. To Kill a Mockingbird left me with a sense of unfailing admiration for Atticus Finch- the American Attorney who so willingly accepted Tom Robinson ( an African-American citizen charged with the rape of a ‘white girl’ - Mayella Ewell) as a client. Atticus too became a moral hero of mine after reading the novel; suffering from the stigma


of challenging the prejudices in an era of racial inequality, he portrays the acceptance of African-American civil rights, before the likes of iconic figures such as Martin Luther King Jr . Atticus imparts several important teachings unto young Scout Finch -who, while being motherlessthrives under Atticus’ teachings. His most important quote is “Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit ‘em, but remember it’s a sin to kill a Mockingbird.” Read it as you want, but it is powerful however you interpret it. Suffice to say, I learnt a lot from Atticus. It has been suggested that Harper Lee incorporated her own experiences as a child into the story, yet this does not detract from the fantastic detail of 1930’s America- it only enhances it, creating a humid tale of friendship, mystery and the importance of morality. Characters are fabulously characterised and much humour can be drawn from the Tomboy-esque Scout Finch, who, through several mishaps and

misunderstandings, can create an air of humour to cut the thick tension. Boo Radley is a constant mystery in the novel, which allows the reader to form several notions throughout the book, suspending the reader for just that little bit longer. Harper Lee is fantastic at being able to make it seem as though the next predictable, clichéd plot is just around the corner and then snatches the rug from under your feet when you least expect it. The language is precise and helps the reader to travel through time to the warm and humid lands of 1930’s America, without even having to buy a plane ticket…or that even more elusive time-machine. Well worth the Pulitzer Prize for fiction.

Jessica William 28


It’s easy to see that Danny Boyle can take a true story about one man stuck in a hole for over 5 days with no-one to talk to and create a movie that isn’t spoilt by the audience already knowing what happens. The film is based on the true story of Aaron Ralston, an engineer/ mountain climber who amputated his own arm to free himself after being trapped by a boulder for nearly five days. James Franco, plays Aaron Ralston and boy does he give it some. His acting and portraying of Aaron Rolstan is amazing. He brilliantly sums up why the majority of “Extreme Sport” enthusiasts really ought to ask themselves why they feel the need to jump off that cliff/out of that aeroplane when they could just go out for a beer or watch a film instead. Franco’s performance of a man that slowly but surely realises what a prick he’s been is subtle, endearing and funny. You’re with him as his loneliness and thirst brings hallucinations, you can almost taste his urine as he gags and you almost feel every swipe of the 29

blade as he slices his own arm. Many of you probably know Boyle as the English director behind Train-spotting, 28 Days Later, The Beach and Slumdog Millionaire. As you may expect, Boyle doesn’t take a realistic doc-style approach to the filming of this story, but instead injects it with energy and life while retaining the authenticity of the experience. All in all a good film which will make you want to watch over and over again, and make you be more careful if you ever decide to take up mountain climbing or extreme sports, so you don’t end up being stuck in that situation like Aaron Ralston. What would you do?? Die there or cut off your own arm to save your life?? Decisions, decisions.

Zoe Lamb


by Peter McConville

Return of the rivs is the much anticipated mixtape from the newwave grime mc Rival. Rival is known for his very grimey sounding voice and has recently been doing a lot with his new crew “ghetts it in gang” which involves 2 other grime mc’s, Marger and Cozzie. Rival is also a member of the grime crew Alien Gang. Return of the rivs kicks off very hard with the intro: welcome to violence, the title says it all. it will give you an impression of what’s yet to come from the rest of the mixtape. Track 4: homicide writer is another banger with a very heavy chorus that will make the grime fans happy. Track 5: heartbreak interlude lets u see another side to Rival. On this one Rival explains the troubles he went through with his ex girlfriend over a deep hip hop intrsumental.

Track 9: F Da Police, Featuring the other 2 mc members of the Alien Gang: Deathstar and Marger is probably the best track on the mixtape, high tempo, grimey instrumental and in my opinion is a must have on any grime fans playlist. Track 11: Raining features a very skippy instrumental which compliments Rivals skippy flow, another great addition to the newwave grime movement. The mixtape has fourteen tracks all of witch are bangers (2 of them feature Ghetts) and not for the lighthearted, id give the mixtape 8/10 because it has a lot of replay value and will stay in any grime fans playlist for a long time, cop the mixtape and your in for a treat. Rival is probably the most explicit mc in the game at the moment so this mixtape is strictly for over 18’s.

30


Kids In Glass Houses – Dirt Although this album is only their second, they’ve managed to support artists such as Lostprophets and Paramore in their short career. Upon release this album was tipped as the one to bring them above those support slots and on to headlining their own tours, and with their own tours behind us it’s easy to see why people were saying this, with singles such as Undercover Lover featuring the Saturday’s Frankie Sandford. The album’s lead single was ‘Youngblood (Let It Out)’ a great choice to bring people into the album, the song features a great guitar hook that’ll stick in your head for weeks. Following this was the brilliantly planned ‘Matters At All’ arguably the most ‘pop’ song to be taken from the album, followed up by a collaboration only the record executives could have thought of, ‘Undercover Lover (feat.

Frankie Sandford)’ a song almost created to hit the charts. A brilliantly epic chorus, a music video that was all over the TV’s at the time of release. Roadrunner Records know they’re onto a winner with Kids In Glass Houses. The tour that followed this album cemented their place in the modern rock scene. It showed that Kids In Glass Houses have the ability to be huge; it’s taken them 2 years of being a signed artist to make to the kinds of stages that have taken Lostprophets 10 years to get to. This is also arguably down to the backing of Roadrunner Records, one of the most ruthless record labels when it comes to promoting the artists on it. Standout tracks: Hunt The Haunted, Sunshine, For Better Or Hearse

Jamie Brewer 31


Hi my names Liam Roberts and today I will be asking Sergeant Freger a few questions about Call of Duty Liam: Hi Sergeant Freger, in your opinion what do you think is the best thing about the game? Srg: The online game play of course! Liam: Why is that? Srg: Basically, It was really good to play against other people from all over the world. The graphics of the weapons were really realistic, obviously being a soldier, serving in the different countries, I know the difference between realistic and nonrealisticweapons. Liam: How realistic would you say the missions are in storyboard? Srg: Most of the missions look really realistic, my own down fall was the fact you get shot roughly a thousand times before you die! Liam: What do you think of being charged for playing the

game online? And on mulitplay? Srg: Well to be honest, I own the Xbox 360, although I know a lot of people who have the PS3 and I do not see why XBOX owners have to pay to go online, while PS3 users get it free. However i still think the game is fantastic, would just be a lot better free! Liam: The care packages you receive for air support, do you think they are a good idea? Srg: Yes the care package is brilliant. The only thing that lets it down slightly is that by the time you resupply you’ve died! But the air support is great. Liam: What about the aiming system, do you think it’s easy to get your target? Srg: Yes its easy to get your target, you can get quick scoop aiming its fantastic!

32


Liam: What is your favourite map on the multiplay? Srg: The poor wasteland is brilliant, I like using the sniper rifle whilst using this map as its realistic and efficient. Liam: How do you find the match up with partners online? Do you think its a fair match up, or unfair on new players? Srg: It is unfair on new players but then again its the same in real life situations, the only way you get better is to practice. Liam: Do you think the programmers of Call of Duty should work harder with the game to make it more realistic, with less glitches? Srg: I feel the glitches help you; I don’t think it needs to be anymore realistic, at the end of the day it’s just a game!

33


At 53 degrees Twin Atlantic Tuesday 8th Februaury 2011 £6.50 Roll Deep Monday 14th February £13.75

At Mad Ferret

Tuesday Live Acts

Wednesday Open Mic Night

At Charter Theatre Stephen K Amos Wednesday 9th February 8pm £19.00 Joseph and the amazing technicolor dreamcoat 15th to 20th February Between £10 and £30

34


“This project has been funded with support from the European Commission and British Council. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the European Commission and British Council cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein�

CSV Media Preston 12 St Wilfrid Street Preston PR1 2US T. 01772563333 E. contact@csv.org.uk

If you are interested in media and would like to experiment in new, fun projects using a recording studio, TV studio or magazine suite then CSV is the place for you!

Do you want to join us?


ReVOLution Magazine Number 8