Volley’s Rules & Regulations 1
Playing Area The playing area includes the playing court and the sand filled border going around the court. Please do not run onto the cement or over tables in an effort to play the ball, be safe! (The concrete is not out of bounds, we just want you to play safely.) Lines on the Court The boundary lines defining the playing area are considered in bounds. There is no centerline and you must visualize the attack line which is located 3m back into the playing area from the net. Service Zone The service zone is the area behind the end line and between the extensions of the two sidelines. It is legal to serve from anywhere along the back playing line, while in between the two sidelines. Service The service is the act of putting the ball into play by the correct serving player who, positioned in the service zone, hits the ball w/ one hand or arm. The first service of a match is determined by the coin toss. You may not serve before the referee authorizes service with their whistle, if this happens the serve is cancelled and repeated. The server may move freely within the service zone. At the moment of the service, the server must not touch the court (the end line included) or, the ground outside the zone. Your foot may not go under the end line. After the hit the server may step or land outside the zone, or in the court. If the line moves because of sand pushed by the server it is not a fault. The ball shall be hit w/ one hand or any part of the arm after being released and before it touches the playing surface. Rotating In On The Serve - Any player wishing to rotate in to the game must do so at the serving position to begin with the serve. All players in the game must take their turn serving. Service Faults The following faults lead to a change of service: a) violation of service order b) does not execute the service properly c) the served ball touches a player on the serving team or fails to cross the plane of the net. d) Goes “out” e) All Play Levels allow the “let serve” in which the served ball may touch the net and still go over to be considered a good serve. 2 Weather It is Volley’s policy to play in rainy weather. All residents of this area are aware that our weather is unpredictable and can change from minute to minute. Therefore, we vary rarely will close the entire night for inclement weather, if we do decide to close we will place a call to team captains. Team captains are then responsible for notifying remaining team members. We try to make weather calls game by game. Teams need to show up for their scheduled games and determine on the spot whether or not matches will be played. We realize this is sometimes inconvenient, but there are several things that can happen. A)If your team doesn’t show and your opponent does, we will have to assume that you forfeited your match and if ref fees are paid, that team will get all 75 points. B)Sometimes we have to make the weather call very close to game time. C) with both teams being present we can reschedule the game for a make-up date and time.
Make-up games are very difficult to reschedule and 90% of the time are not attend by one of the teams, which leads to frustration for those who truly wish to play. If there is lightening in the “immediate” area we will not play. Sometimes we are able to take a short timeout and resume play when weather improves, other times we must reschedule. If you are playing a match and have to quit in the middle of play, it is our policy to reschedule and play the entire match over (we will not keep partial match scores). Team Composition A maximum of 6 players may be on the court to play a match. It is allowed to play with fewer players if desired. The “coed rule” states that you may not have more men than women on the court while playing a match. This applies to all levels of play, with the exception being, If you ask the opponent for permission and it is granted. (Remember: It is perfectly fine to say “No” to the request.) We make this exception because this is a recreational facility and all play should be for fun. Substitutes should rotate in on the serve and must be ready to enter the game in a timely manner, repeated tardiness can be a fault, resulting in a sideout. 3.1 Captain The captain’s duties are to present the referee fee to the ref, be present for the coin toss, make choices presented to the team, direct any questions to the referee and sign to verify score at the end of the match. Referee fees must be paid prior to the match, matches will not commence until the fees have been paid and 5 or more minutes will be considered a delay of game, therefore a forfeit. It is also the captain’s responsibility to bring any protests to the referee’s attention prior to the commencement of play. For example, if there is a dispute concerning the line-up, it must be confronted prior to play, after the match has been played with no protest, the score will stand.
Player’s Equipment 4.1 Dress Players may dress as desired. Uniforms or conforming attire are not required. Many teams choose to wear a team shirt which is legal and encouraged as it creates a fun atmosphere. Shoes are not illegal, unless they have spikes or enlarged tread which could prove dangerous to teammates or opponents. It is suggested that in lieu of shoes, perhaps water or sand socks might be more appropriate. Cool temperatures do create chilly sand, so plan appropriately. 4.2 Volleyballs It is not necessary to bring your personal volleyball. Volley’s provides a volleyball for each team to warm-up with and to play the match. If you do bring your own ball, you may play the match with it as long as the opposing team agrees, otherwise a Volley’s ball must be used for the match. Volleyballs, should be returned to the referee stand at the end of the match. Do not bounce volleyballs on the concrete, do not let them rest in water, children are not allowed to play with volleyballs in between matches. (You are welcome to bring your children’s balls from home to keep them occupied.) Our referees are held financially responsible for their volleyballs, so they are required to retrieve volleyballs from any situation in which they are being improperly used. 4.3 Volleyballs Out of Bounds If volleyball is hit out of the facility (over the fence) it is the referee’s responsibility to retrieve the ball immediately using a referee timeout. Balls left unretrieved get lost, stolen, or flattened.
Players may take a short break during this time, but must be on the court prepared to continue play as soon as the referee is back on the stand. If a player volunteers to retrieve the volleyball, please wear protection (shoes) and be careful of both sharp objects and vehicles on streets and in the parking lot. Rights and Responsibilities 5 Players 5.1 All Players Participants should be familiar w/ volleyball rules and abide by them Participants must accept referees’ decisions with respectful conduct, without disputing them. In case of doubt, clarification may be requested. Participants must refrain from actions or attitudes aimed at influencing the decisions of referees or covering up faults committed by their team. Participants must behave respectfully and courteously in the spirit of FAIR PLAY, not only toward the referees, but also toward other Volley’s staff, their teammate, the opponents and spectators. Participants must refrain from actions aimed at delaying the game.
The following is NOT ALLOWED in Volley’s: 1. Pets (No Exceptions) 2. Sunflower seeds, gum 3. Any ride on toys or shoes, skates w/ wheels 4. Guns, outside alcohol, or other illegal substances You/Team will be asked to leave, be removed from league/banned (without a refund) for the following: 1. Fighting 2. Using obscene language 3. Harassing 4. Soliciting 5. Public intoxication (We have the right to refuse service to anyone, at anytime, with/or without explanation) 6. Physical rough-housing, etc. Other Volley’s Policies: 1. No cigarettes are allowed on the playing court. 2. All children must be attended by an adult within our facility or inside of the designated children’s area. 3. Children may not play with the water hoses between courts or in the back of the facility. 4. Children may not play in the bathrooms or in the bathroom showers. 5. No climbing on the fences or deck.
6. Children may not jump off of the elevated jungle gym in the play area. 7. The slides should not be lifted into the air in the children’s play area. 8. Children may not sit at the bar. They may sit at the tables circling the bar, or other tables throughout the facility. 9. No glass ANYTHING is allowed in Volley’s. People are barefoot! It will be Volley’s discretion as to how it will handle violations of the above rules. Parking – 1. Do not take up more than one space when parking. 2. Motorcycles must park in a designated parking space. No vehicle may be parked on the sidewalks or in the area directly in front of the Volley’s entrance. 3. No littering in parking lot. No glass, people are barefoot!! 4. Tailgating is not allowed and will be strictly enforced by the St. Joseph Police Dept.. We are a business, with a liquor license to protect. Alcohol may not be brought into Volley’s and it may not be brought out of Volley’s. Revised 4/20/2009 6 Scoring 6.1 Scoring Rally/Point for Play Scoring is used at ALL PLAY LEVELS. (Play 3 games to 25 points). Revised 4/20/2009 To win a rally; Whenever a team fails in its service or fails to return the ball, or commits any other fault, the opposing team wins the rally, with one of the following consequences a) If the opposing team served, it scores a point and continues to serve b) If the opposing team received the service, it gains the right to serve and also scores a point Game Time Approximately one hour is allowed for each match. We do our best to maintain our time schedule so that the later games are not too far behind. We allow no more than 3 minutes to warm-up on the court and this time is not guaranteed. If a court is running behind, warm-up on the court will be limited to serving and hitting and then the match must begin. If you wish to “pepper” or bump the ball around we suggest that you find a space within the facility and do this prior to your game. We also suggest that stretching be done at courtside, not saved for the court. A game is officially forfeited 10 minutes after the referee has summoned teams to the court. Beer Breaks A beer break in between the second and third game is not guaranteed. If time allows, which is decided by the referee, a five minute break may be granted. 8
Preparation of the Match
8.1 Coin Toss Upon summoning teams to the court, the referee will summons team captains to their stand. The coin toss (figuratively speaking) will be done at this time in the presence of the two captains. The winner of the coin toss chooses either the right to serve or receive service OR the side of the court. The loser takes the remaining choice. The second game of the match, the teams perform the opposite of the first game and the third game of the match the teams perform the same as the first game. Players Positions 9.1 Positions At the moment the ball is hit by the server, each team must be within its own court (except the server) and the position of the players must conform to the service order. In the front or back row, the center player may not be as near the right sideline as the right player nor as near the left line as the left player. No back row player may be as near the net as the corresponding front row player. After the ball is contacted for service, players may move from their respective positions. A service order fault is punishable by a sideout. States of Play The rally begins with the referees whistle. However, the ball is in play from the service hit. The rally ends with the referee’s whistle. However, if the whistle is due to a fault made in play, the ball is out of play from the moment the fault was committed. 10.1 Ball “In” The ball is “in” when it touches the ground of the playing court including the boundary lines. 10.2 Ball “Out” The ball is “out” when it: a) falls on the ground completely outside the boundary lines (without touching them) b) touches an object outside the court or a person out of play c) touches the post or the nets cable wires outside the side boundaries d) crosses completely the vertical plane of the net, totally or even partly outside the crossing space during service or the third hit of the team Playing Faults 11.1 Definition –Any playing action contrary to the Rules is a playing fault. The referees judge the faults and determine the penalties according to these rules. If two or more faults are committed successively, only the first one is counted. If two or more faults are committed by the two opponents simultaneously, a double fault is counted and the rally is replayed. Playing the Ball 12.1 Team Hits – Each team is entitled to a max. of 3 hits for returning the ball over the net. Blocking does not constitute a team contact, and any player may make the first contact of the ball after the block. These team hits include not only intentional hits, but unintentional
contacts with the ball as well. A player may not hit the ball two times consecutively (there are exceptions, to be discussed later). 12.2 Simultaneous Contacts – Two players may touch the ball at the same time, but it is counted as two contacts, except when blocking. If two teammates reach for the ball but only one player touches it, one hit is counted. If players collide, no fault is committed. If there is simultaneous contact over the net and the ball remains in play, the team receiving the ball is entitled to another three hits. If such a ball goes “out”, it is the fault of the team on the opposite side. If simultaneous contacts by the two opponents over the net lead to a “held ball”, it is NOT considered a fault. 12.3 Assisted Hit – Within the playing area, a player is not allowed to take support from a teammate or any structure/object in order to reach the ball. However, the player who is about to commit a fault (touch the net or interfere with the opponent, etc.) may be stopped or held back by a teammate. 13
Characteristics of the Hit 13.1 The ball may touch any part of the body 13.2 The ball must be hit, not caught or thrown. It can rebound in any direction. Exceptions: a) in defensive action of a hard-driven ball. In this case, the ball can be held momentarily overhand with the fingers b) If simultaneous contacts by the two opponents leads to a “held ball”. 13.3 The ball may touch various parts of the body, only if the contacts takes place simultaneously. Exceptions: a) At blocking, consecutive contacts by one or more blockers are authorized, provided that they occur during one action b) At the first hit of the team, unless it is played overhand using Fingers, the ball may contact various parts of the body consecutively, provided that the contacts occur during one action. Plays involving finger action requires special attention. If the play is defensive and reactive in nature, as in the case of a hard-driven ball, momentarily held or double-hit balls are not considered faults. If the player decides/intends to employ finger action, as in the cases of off-speed hit defense or setting, the action must be clean. Faults at Playing the Ball 14.1 Four Hits: a team hits the ball four times before returning it 14.2 Assisted Hit: a player takes support from a teammate or any Obeject/structure in order to reach the ball within the playing area 14.3 Held Ball: a player does not hit the ball unless when in defensive Action of a hard driven ball or when simultaneous contacts by two Opponents over the net lead to a momentary “held ball”
14.4 Double Contact: a player hits the ball twice in succession or the ball touches various parts of his/her body successively Ball at the Net 15.1 Ball Crossing the Net: The ball sent to the opponent’s court must go over the net within the crossing space. The crossing space is the part of the vertical plane of the net limited as follows; a) below, by the top of the net b) at the sides, by the poles and their imaginary extension c) above, by a ceiling or structure (if any) 15.2 The ball that has crossed the vertical plane of the net to the opponents free zone totally or partly outside of the crossing space, may be played back within the team hits provided that: The ball when played back crosses the vertical plane of the net again outside, or partly outside, the crossing space on the same side of the court. The opposing team may not prevent such action. Please be careful when running down shanked balls, it is your responsibility to do so safely. 15.3 The ball is “out” when it crosses completely the lower space under the net. 15.4 A player, however may enter the opponents court in order to play the ball before it crosses completely the lower space or passes outside the crossing space 15.5 Ball Touching the Net – while crossing the net, the ball may touch the net, except on the serve in the recreational and intermediate divisions. 15.6 Ball in the Net – A ball driven into the net may be recovered within the limits of the three team hits. 15.7 Each team must play within its own court and playing space. The ball may, however be retrieved from beyond the free zone. Reaching Beyond the Net 16.1 In Blocking- a blocker may touch the ball beyond the net, provided that he/she does not interfere with the opponent’s play, before or during the latter’s attack-hit. 16.2 A player is permitted to pass his/her hand beyond the net after his/her attack-hit, provided that his/her contact has been made within his/her own playing space. 16.3 Penetration into the Opponent’s Space, Court or Free Zone (Commonly known as Crossing Under the Net into the Opponent’s Court) A player may enter into the opponent’s space, court and/or free zone, provided that this does not interfere with the opponent’s play of the ball. Contact with the Net 17.1 It is forbidden to touch any part of the net or the poles. It is also expected that good sportsmanship will be exercised, and if a player knows that they touched the net, should immediately notify the referee, whether they have made that call or not. It is also expected that there will be no arguing with the referee when a net call is made, the referee’s call is “final”. 17.2 Once the player has hit the ball, he/she may touch the ropes or any object outside the poles (ie: referee stand) provided that this action does not interfere with the play.
17.3 When the ball is driven into the net, which causes it to touch an opponent, no fault is committed. 17.4 Incidental contact of hair is not a fault, but we will call a fault on clothing and jewelry, so keep it tucked in or take it off. Players Faults at the Net 18.1 A player touches the ball or an opponent’s space before or during the opponent’s attack-hit. 18.2 A player penetrates into the opponent’s space, court and /or free zone interfering with the latter’s play 18.3 A player touches the net Attack Hit – All actions to direct the ball toward the opponent, except when serving and blocking, are considered attack-hits. 19.1 An attack-hit is completed the moment the ball completely crosses the vertical plane of the net or is touched by the blocker. 19.2 Any player may carry out an attack-hit at any height, provided that his/her contact with the ball has been made within the player’s own playing space, except for back row players. If a back row player contacts the ball completely above the height of the net and the player’s foot is touching or has last touched the ground on or in front of the attack line, the attack must have an upward trajectory. In other words a back row player can not spike the ball in front of the ten foot line. A back row player may spike the ball only from behind the ten foot line, or must have left the ground from behind the ten foot line and make contact with the ball while in the air, before landing in front of the ten foot line. Attack-Hit Faults 20.1 A player hits the ball within the playing space of the opposing team 20.2 A player hits the ball “out”. 20.3 A player completes an attack-hit on the opponent’s service, when the ball is entirely above the top of the net. 20.4 A back row player contacts the ball completely above the height of the net, while his/her foot is touching or has last touched the ground on or in front of the attack line (10ft line) and does not direct the attack-hit with an upward trajectory. 20.5 A front row player jumps up and blocks the serve. A serve may not be blocked at any time. If a player contacts the ball with arms over head, then the trajectory of the ball should be upward upon contact. In the past we said if your feet leave the sand when receiving serve, then it is an attack, NOT ALWAYS TRUE. A person could pass the ball with their forearms, and at the same time hop a little, this is not an attack. The call often times depends on the situation. Both arms raised above the head, running forward and jumping at contact with the ball, where the ball then returns across the net, is an attack like action and is not legal on serve receive. Revised 3/25/2008 Block – blocking is the action of players close to the net to intercept the ball coming from the opponent by reaching higher than the top of the net 21.1 In blocking, the player may place his/her hands and arms beyond the 21.2 net provided that his/her action does not interfere with the opponent’s play. Thus, it is not permitted to touch the ball beyond the net until the opponent has executed an attackhit.
21.3 A blocking contact is not counted as a team hit and the team will have three more hits after the block. 21.4 Consecutive (quick and continuous) contacts may occur by one or more blockers provided that the contacts are made during one action. 21.5 Back row players may not participate in a block. 22
Blocking Faults 22.1 The blocker touches the ball in the opponent’s space either before or simultaneously with the opponent’s attack-hit rule. 22.2 A player blocks the ball in the opponent’s space from outside the poles. 22.3 A player block’s the opponent’s service. 22.4 The ball is sent “out” off the block. 22.5 A back row player participates in the block. 23 Time-Out – Each team is entitled to one 30 sec. time-out per game (3 per match). A time-out may be requested when the ball is out of play or before the whistle for service. The referee has unlimited use of time-outs at their disposal. 24 Misconduct 24.1 Unsportsmanlike conduct: arguing with refs, staff, etc., intimidation Rude Conduct: acting contrary to good manners or moral principles, expressing contempt Offensive Conduct: defamatory or insulting words or gestures Aggression: physical attack or intended aggression Any and/or all can be cause for removal from the premises of Volley’s and/or the Belt Sports Complex in it’s entirety. The removal can be temporary or permanent as deemed appropriate by management. No monetary refunds will be given and the sanctions handed out can be directed towards an individual or an entire team. 25 Standings – are posted in a 3-ring binder at the bar and are updated weekly. Volley’s leagues are ranked by total points). Leagues with an uneven number of teams will have byes and some teams will not have byes. The teams who do not have a bye and play all 10 weeks will have their average score subtracted from their total points at the end of the season in order to even up the number of games played. Clarification: It will be legal to set the serve as long as it is not a lift. This has been the rule for several years now in high school, college, and upper levels of play. We never followed it at Volley’s because it is such a hard call for the referees to make, whether or not the ball was lifted, held, or was there rotation, etc. We have decided to follow suit in order to be in compliance with other facilities where our players might go to compete. Practicing this play during league will keep Volley’s players on par with current trends and helps us to remain competitive when playing in Omaha, Kansas City and the surrounding areas. Revised 4/24/2007. Clarification: Outdoors volleyball rules state that the first ball over the net during play may not be received overhead with hands as a setting motion. (This does not mean only the SERVE, but all first balls over the net.) This holds for or all passes, except for a hard driven ball, which may be played in this manner. Revised 4/20/2009.