Page 1

Conifer Plantation   Management

Conifer Plantations Module #5 Biodiversity and  Wildlife Values

5­1

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops


Conifer Plantation   Management

What’s in the Module? ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆

5­2

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops

Biodiversity defined Importance Typical forest  ecosystem Forest succession Your property  Your plantation Plantation review Managing for birds Managing for animals


Conifer Plantation   Management

What is Biodiversity? ◆ Biodiversity: full variety of life in an area ◆ Species diversity: number and relative  abundance

◆ Genetic diversity: genetic variation ◆ Ecosystem diversity: variety

5­3

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops


Conifer Plantation   Management

Diversity is Important ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆

5­4

current extinction rates far exceed rates  documented in geologic records manage for generalist organisms at the expense  of habitat specialists Preserving single species has dominated More attention to whole ecosystems Diverse ecosystems better able to withstand  stress and disturbance

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops


Conifer Plantation   Management

Generalists and Specialists ◆

5­5

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops

Generalists in a  variety of  ecosystems Specialists limited  to only a few  ecosystems


Conifer Plantation   Management

5­6

Forest Ecosystem

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops


Succession

Conifer Plantation   Management

Natural process of  change

pioneer species ◆ climax forest  ◆

5­7

Conifer plantations  shorten the  time span and  provide  economic  return

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops


Conifer Plantation   Management

Where do you Start? ◆ ◆

5­8

Inventory Identify ecosystems and their  relationships Identify options to protect and enhance  existing sites with linkages Create a Management Plan

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops


Conifer Plantation   Management

Plantation’s Role on your  Property ◆ ◆ ◆

◆ ◆ ◆

5­9

Nurse crop Adds diversity Links degraded and fragmented forest  patches Stabilizes eroded areas Protects waterways Meets your  needs

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops


Conifer Plantation   Management

Plantations are not stable  ecosystems Continuous change from open  areas ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆

to young trees to crown closure to maintaining vigour to regeneration to renewal

Continued management as  plantation changes  ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆

site preparation planting early tending thinning for products thinning for regeneration harvesting and conversion

Plantation ecosystem constantly evolving towards the desired natural  forest after one rotation

5­10

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops


Conifer Plantation   Management

Let’s Look at Wildlife ◆

Birds and animals ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆

5­11

cover food water space

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops


Conifer Plantation   Management

Birds in Your Plantation ◆

Species composition changes as the  plantation matures Hardwoods critical ◆

Species diversity  increases with age ◆

5­12

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops

Without thinning, canopy  closed and dramatic  reduction in species  present


Conifer Plantation   Management

Helping our Feathered  Friends ◆ ◆

5­13

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops

Restrict operations from  April to July Thin plantations on  schedule to promote  hardwoods Thin plantations  adjacent to hardwood  seed sources first Plant mixtures e.g. Pr/Pj


Conifer Plantation   Management

More Help ◆

5­14

Direct seed or  plant hardwoods  where no seed  source Promote and  maintain snags  and cavities Minimize edge  habitat 

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops


Conifer Plantation   Management

Animals in your Plantation ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆

5­15

Animals tend to use edge Cover from the elements Cover from predators A limited source of food Older plantations provide  opportunities for homes

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops


Conifer Plantation   Management

Helping the Animals ◆ ◆

◆ ◆ ◆

5­16

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops

Preserve den trees Conifers to link  woodlots Conifers as shelter Openings Retain hardwood  patches Plant roads, trails,  landings 


Conifer Plantation   Management

Other Ideas  on Wildlife ◆

Ecosystem diversity Recreation viewing ◆ hunting ◆

Eco­Tourism part of a variety of ecosystems ◆ part of a farm complex ◆

5­17

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops


Conifer Plantation   Management

Your Plantation —  Summary ◆

Managing your plantation for biodiversity ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆

5­18

When to operate Watch that edge Where are the hardwoods? Linkages Species mix Thin, thin, thin Don’t forget the overall objectives!

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops


Conifer Plantation   Management

Conifer Plantation  Management Workshops ◆

Have been funded by: ◆

Ministry of Natural Resources

and ◆

Eastern Ontario Model Forest

through ◆

The Stewardship Program

Prepared by Bill Hardy, Hardy Consulting Layout and design by the LandOwner Resource Centre

4­22

Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops

http://probaseweb.com/eomftest/media/k2/attachments/Conifer_Plantation_Management___Module_5  

http://probaseweb.com/eomftest/media/k2/attachments/Conifer_Plantation_Management___Module_5.ppt

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you