Issuu on Google+

Viviana Lopez


Re-imagining the City


City Within a Box

Restaurant (Un-Sited)

Monster

Suburban / Urban

City Merged

ARCH 553 - FALL 2010 Instructor: A. Eisenschmidt UIC

ARCH TECH I - Fall 2010 Instructor: G. Gibson UIC

ARCH UG3 - FALL 2009 Instructor: T. Moran UofM

ARCH 566 - WINTER 2012 Instructor: P. Anderson UIC

ARCH 554 - WINTER 2011 Instructor: G. Gibson UIC

ARCH TECH II - WINTER 2011 Instructor: J. Fleur UIC

ARCH TECH II - WINTER 2010 Instructor: A. Sirota UofM


City Within a Box

ARCH 553 - FALL 2010 Instructor: A. Eisenschmidt / UIC Programmatic activities in cities tend to be isolated into separate zones. “City Within A Box” proposes collapsing clusters of activity into one self-contained city. In the process all activities are pushed together, creating a dense and interactive city. The circulation, structure, and mechanical systems are arranged around an exterior ‘wall’. All programmed activities are also cantilevered from the exterior wall, creating a secondary indoor space.


Zones of Activities An analysis of a neighborhood in Chicago reveals that different “programmed� zones are not integrated with each other but are organized in separate clusters.

Program Breakdown

Dorms

Site

Cafeteria Live Faculty Housing

Health Services Residential

Classrooms Library Learn

Exam Rooms

Office Administrations Support

Education

Sport Center Retail Stores Restaurants Play

Cinema Center Student Center

Commercial

Bike Parking Student Lounge

Morphing and Arranging Program


Live Play

Learn

Collapsing Activities


Cantilever Scenarios The shape and size of cantilevers vary to accommodate different programs.

Type 1 - Box

Type 2 - ‘L’

Type 3 - Angled

Type 4 - ‘U’

Type 5 - Donut


Interlocking

Lit Pool

Dance Platform

Theatre


Site Strategy The building is located in the bottom right corner of the site, leaving the majority the site as a plaza for unplanned activities.


Plans


Sections


SCOREBOARD

HOME

7

SCOREBOARD

HOME

7

VISITOR

3

Detail A

Detail B

VISITOR

3


STRUCTURE

Plan Two & Plan Three Scale 1/32

City Within a Box - Technical Study ARCH TECH II - WINTER 2011 Instructor: J. Fleur / UIC

Poche Truss Bridge Truss

Structure Thick walls are incorporated into the structure. Cantilevers align into grid and become giant trusses.

CIRCULATION

25 FT

175 FT

Plan Two & Plan Three Scale 1/32 75 FT Poche Vertical Circulation Vertical Circulation - Egress Horizontal Circulation

Circulation Egress Stairs A

A

Elevators

MEP Systems

25 FT

175 FT

Plan Two & Plan Three Scale 1/32 75 FT Poche Plumbing Chase HVAC Mechanical Bathroom

MEP Plumbing Chase HVAC Mechanical Bathrooms

A

A


Structure Truss - Bridge

Truss - Hanging

Truss - Resting

Poche


Restaurant (Un-sited) ARCH TECH I - Fall 2010 Instructor: G. Gibson / UIC

Prompted with an exact square footage and occupancy allowance, a non-sited restaurant is designed. Each week a new aspect of building technology is introduced, forcing the design to change.

Level One - Lobby

Level Two - Restaurant

Level Three - Storage

Week 1 - Space Planning

Week 2 - Egress + Second Level

Week 3 - Allocating Space for Services Fire Protection + Electrical Boxes


Week 4 - Water Services + Third Level

Week 5 - Mechanical Systems + Roof

Week 6 - Electrical + Lighting

Week 7 - Bathrooms + Combining Services

Water Pipes + Drainage + Sprinklers

$

$ $

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$


Final Plans

Fire Protection

Level One - Lobby

Level Two - Restaurant

$

$ $

$

$

$

$

$

$ $

$

Electric

Hot Supply + Return


Cold Supply + Return

Level Three - Storage

Storm Drainage

Supply Plumbing

Level Four - Roof

Waste Plumbing

Air Supply + Return


Final Axon

Fire Protection

Electric

Hot Supply + Return

Cold Supply + Return

Storm Drainage

Supply Plumbing

Waste Plumbing

Air Supply + Return


Facade

Opaque Panel

Semi-Translucent

Semi-Translucent + Operable

Translucent


Monster

ARCH UG3 - FALL 2009 Instructor: T. Moran / UofM There is a clear fear of ‘Monster Architecture’, or structures that because of their size or the number of components involved have become to large to design in its entirety. This studio embraced the idea of creating monuments for the city. The task was to design a school, that responded to its urban setting and met the needs of the immediate community. This specific studio focused on a site located in Logan Square, Chicago. The neighborhood was mainly working class. The site was bordered with commercial zoning on two streets and with residential zoning on the third street. The school was first raised above the ground, in an effort to give that space back to the community. The form that makes up the school was produced by arranging rectangular modules in a manner that would create continuous circulation. This was possible by creating an atrium in the center that would be surrounded by program, leaving the hallways on the edges. Finally, the bases on which the school rest would contain public program; serving as the connection point between the students and the public.


Form Analysis The process began by producing twenty small models. A couple of the small models were then selected to produce a series of iterations. This process of form making followed by analysis was carried out through out the semester and was used to create the final form.


Final Form


Plan Level One The ground and first level are programed with activities that can be used by the public, including a gym, theater, library, and a cafe.

Plan Level Four (Typical) The second through fifth levels would be for the school only and would have private entrances through vertical cores.


CONSTRUCTION II - WINTER 2010 Instructor: A. Sirota / U of M

Occupancy A1: Study Space Theatre Lecture Rooms

A3: Library

E: Classrooms

S1: Storage

B: Offices

Based on the programed space and allowances: Total Square Footage: 84,300 & Max Occupancy: 4200 FIRST FLOOR

FOURTH FLOOR

SECOND Fire WallFLOOR Separation (2 hrs)

FIFTH FLOOR

Fire Wall Separation 2 Hour

THIRD FLOOR

Egress Max distance from the most remote location to point of egress = 250 FT (NOTE: with sprinkler system)

33

75 FT

Monster - Technical Study

T

35 F

FT 65 FT

Fire cores


Structure

Detail

Structure: Waffle Slab Dome Width: 24” Total Width: 28” Domes: 3.5’ X 2’ The waffle is a module that is simply mirrored continuously. The slabs taper at the end to help support the cantilevers. Structural Concrete Walls Column 10’ x 10’ square columns Column span = 80 FT Waffle Pattern Dome Depth = 24” Total Depth = 28” Column Caps Columns that touch the ground

This building uses a waffle slab structural system. This system allows for an irregular grid of columns with larger spans to minimize the amount of columns. The pattern of the waffle allows for electrical and mechanical systems to be imbedded. Columns around the edges of the building are also brought to the ground to help support the large cantilevers. PROS CONS

irregular grid systems large column spans thicker floor systems

Mirrored


Structure: Section Details

A.

Structural Columns (concrete) 10” X 10”

B.

Waffle Slab 24” Deep

Structural Stairs 5’ X 8’

C.

Ground Columns 1’ X 1

Basement

Foundation 15’ Below Ground


Detail A Green Roof Detail 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Detail B 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9

Detail C

1. vegetation mat 2. fertilizer 3. substrate mat 4. protection fleece 5. impervious membrane 6. bituminous sealing 7. roofing 8.interior finish 9. insulation

Facade Detail 1. 1/8� double glazed windows 2. sloped window sill cap (drain) 3. Framing 4. rain screen 5. insulation 6. interior finish 7. leveling course 8. Mechanical services 9. waffle ceiling

Foundation Detail 1 2

3

1. floor slab 2. foot 3. rainscreen


Suburban / Urban ARCH 566 - WINTER 2012 Instructor: P. Anderson / UIC

Distinctions between the city and suburbia have been blurred as the two blend into a new type of housing block. The suburban city is a model ‘block’ made up of luxurious housing units that can varied in shape, size, width, orientation and views. WELCOME BACK SHERMER HIGH CLASS ‘85

Spring 2012 The looping units create a division of space, where Viviana Lopez units can be a part of an urban plaza or a suburban park. The suburban city attempts to merge the green space, privacy, low density of the suburbs with the high paced and mixed programmed city blocks.


Block Types Analysis Diagonal Creates an interior street that widens for community activities

Angled Creates separate zones that blend into one another

Row House - Typical Three Sided Wall Creates a courtyard block, with one large space for activities

Wrapping Creates several small and distinct pockets of space and communities

Closed Loop Creates two distinct spaces with one space enclosed

Row House - Curved


Block Variations The method of connecting units into loops can be used to create multiple housing blocks. The loop/ line can be manipulated to create pockets and to divide space as well. These new neighborhoods have the potential to exist in any setting. Different circulation methods can provide further options for the types of blocks.

WELCOME BACK SHERMER HIGH CLASS ‘85 Spring 2012 Viviana Lopez

Variation One

WELCOME BACK SHERMER HIGH CLASS ‘85 Spring 2012 Viviana Lopez

Variation Two


WELCOME BACK SHERMER HIGH CLASS ‘85 Spring 2012 Viviana Lopez

Variation Three

WELCOME BACK SHERMER HIGH CLASS ‘85 Spring 2012 Viviana Lopez

Variation Four


Final Form - Variation Five


Inside Versus Outside All units contain a glazed wall that alternates sides, allowing units to differ in their relationship with their surroundings. The same unit can experience four distinct conditions, depending on the location of the glazed wall. Views can switch between an exterior concrete plaza and an interior utopian park.

Condition 1:

Condition 2:

Condition 3:

Condition 4:

The unit is facing an interior courtyard.

The unit is facing an exterior pocket.

The unit is facing an exterior courtyard.

The unit is facing an interior pocket.

Units Facing Exterior

Units Facing Interior

Exterior Pocket

Interior Pocket

Exterior Courtyard

Interior Courtyard


Plans

3 Level Home

Linear Row House

Curved Row House


A

A


Section


City Merged

ARCH 554 - WINTER 2011 Instructor: G. Gibson / UIC Through this housing project the public and private spheres are both explored. The private sphere is compromised of individual units, which are designed using the smallest dimensions necessary. This forces the occupants into the public areas, which vary in levels of privacy from a living room to a grocery store. A double skin enclosure contains the mini city, and continues to enforce differing levels of public space.


Merging Public and Private Spaces An individual walks under the facade, through a public alley, and down the stairs in order to enter the building. The underground and ground levels both hold programs open to the larger public. Once underground, an occupant takes the elevator up, into the semi-public sphere. This includes the long hallways and elevated platforms. Five hundred units are closely packed along the hallways to create a dense neighborhood.

Facade

Public Program Platforms

Private Units

Public Ground

Underground Public Program


Site Strategy


Public Space The ground level is compromised of different public programs, that extend down towards an underground level. This space also allows serves as the lobby and entrance space of the apartments.

Spa/ Recreational

Urban Farm/ Grocery Store

Day Care/ Park

Cafe/ Restaurant


Private Space The units range from a single bedroom with a bathroom. This private module can be connected to a common living spaces to create variation. TYPICAL PLAN 1/16 Unit One 1 bedroom 0 living space

Unit Two 1 bedrooms 1 living space

Unit Three 2 bedrooms 1 living space

Unit Four 3 bedrooms 1 living space

Typical Floor Plan


Scenario One The exterior facade encloses the units, creating an interior public space that contains grocery stores, gyms, restaurants, retail spaces, nurseries, and other service programs. The panels rotate to let in necessary light and air, allowing the space to also feel like an exterior space.


Scenario Two Individual units are cantilevered towards the edge of the facade to create the sense of interior space. Access of the space is through the underground level and contains a series of public programs.


Scenario Three The entrance leads into a “canyon� or larger interior space, which all individual units face. The views can be enjoyed from the privacy of a unit.


CONTACT INFORMATION: Viviana Lopez 313.622.0121 viviloana@gmail.com


Lopez Portfolio 2014