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Doumpa Paraskevi Urban and Regional Planning and Development


table of contents

HISTORICAL EVOLUTION & BASIC CONCEPTS OF PLANNING- DESIGN 3RD Academical Semester- personal project

URBAN ANALYSIS AND URBAN PLANNING TH

4 Academical Semester- group project

STRATEGIC PLANNING OF METROPOLITAN CENTERS & REGIONS TH

6 Academical Semester- group project

URBAN SPACE & URBAN TRANSFERS TH

6 Academical Semester- group project

URBAN PLANNING DESIGNS & STUDIES 8TH Academical Semester- group project

SPACE AND CULTURAL FORMATION: Comparative study of the Vlachs from Vlasti, in Kozani, and the Slav-speaking, Local People from Papagianni, in Florina. TH

9 Academical Semester- personal project- RESEARCH THESIS

RE-URBAN VALAORITOU: Scenario of Urban Regeneration in the historical center of Thessaloniki TH

10 Academical Semester- group project- DISSERTATION THESIS


historical evolution & basic concepts of planning-design

The example of Vienna

T

he course “Historical Evolution and Basic Concepts of PlanningDesign” was one of the first subjects that the students were asked to develop abilities concerning urban planning and development. In order to help the students understand the development of the cities and the methodological tools and theories of the last (at least) fifty years in Europe and in Greece, we were assigned to study the spatial development of a city through cartographical and other documents and sources. The project was personal and was completed within two months. Specifically, I chose to study the city of Vienna, which by that time I had just visited and had the chance to search for the appropriate documents. After taking notes about the historical moments that had an affect in the urban structure from its formation until nowadays, I searched for historical and modern maps of Vienna, in order to compare the urban development through the centuries.

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3 S e m e s t e r - F e b r u a r y 2 0 0 6 Te a c h i n g t e a m : A . G e r o l y m p o u , A . V i t o p o u l o u The result was a series of sketches based on the cartographical documents, that represent in colored zones the development of the city by centuries (from 1422 to 2007). Each change of the urban form was connected to a historical event that lead to the transformation (whenever it was possible to do so). Eleven Periods of Urban Development ? Roman times and Middle Ages ? Hapsburg Renaissance ? Baroque and Maria Theresa times ? Napoleon Wars and Vormärz

period ? Ringstrasse period ? Urban Development and Infrastructure Development Programs at the beginning of the 20th century (1890-1918) ? First World War and Social Housing (1914- 1938)

? Second World War and German Occupation in Vienna (1938- 1945) ? Occupation time from the Allied Troops and the Reconstruction of the city (1945- 1055) ? The period after the Independence of Austria until the country’s entrance to European Union (1955- 1995) ? Vienna of the present and the future


chart analysis

The city of Vienna and the neighbor city Pressburg in the 15th century. The city extends within the citywalls. Chronology: 1422 Scale: 1:5280 Chart Title: Das ist die Stadt Wien Chart Source: Opll Ferdinand, Wien im Bild historischer Karten - Die Entwicklung der Stadt bis in die Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts, Lieferbar publication, Vienna 2004

The city of Vienna and some satellite- rural villages in the 17th century. The city still extends inside the walls. Chronology: 1683 Scale: 1:10.000 Chart Title: unknown Chart Source: Opll Ferdinand, Wien im Bild historischer Karten - Die Entwicklung der Stadt bis in die Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts, Lieferbar publication, Vienna 2004

During the 19th century, in order to avoid the development of epidemics the authorities decide to expand the city beyond the walls. The sprawl follows the river banks. Chronology: 1818 Scale: 1:5.000 Chart Title: unknown Chart Source: http://mapmogul.com

Sketch presentation


chart analysis ? The present form of the city is circular (as it has always been) ? In the former walls position and the free space today lays a wide boulevard that serves the drivers, the cyclists

and the pedestrians, while it offers the privilege of green open spaces ? Through the map it is represented the radical expansion of the urban space, especially during the 20th century,

where many satellite villages and cities merged with Vienna’s urban structure ? The city’s development can also be noticed by the change of map scales that we’ve used. Specifically, while the first map of 1422 is scaled 1:5.280 and fits the whole city of that time, the last one, of 2007 must use a much more smaller scale in order to completely fit Vienna, 1:62.250

Urban Boundaries 15th century urban space 17th century urban space 18th century urban space 19th century urban space 20th century (beginning) urban space 2007 urban space

Sketch presentation


4

urban analysis and urban planning

O

ur teachers' decision to assign us a field project in a part of the Old City (Ano Poli) of Thessaloniki for the conduct of the course was from the beginning an opportunity for the students to study a significant area of the city. With continued research we collected enough data on the architectural character and urban design of the region. Simultaneously, however, we managed to come in contact with the residents of Ano Poli and realize the different way of life that is dictated by the physiognomy of the area. This work was supported by a three-member team over a period of three months. The study area is located in the northwestern boundary of Ano Poli, which is part of the old city of Thessaloniki and extends within the Byzantine city walls. This is a purely residential area with buildings of traditional local architecture, single deck or double deck, which range from moderate to poor condition. Shortcomings have been noticed in the central functions land uses (such as trade and services) as well as in

t h

S e m e s t e r - J u n e 2 0 0 7 Te a c h i n g t e a m : A . A n a s t a s i a d i s - A .V i t o p o u l o u S . C h a t z i k o k o l i that of infrastructure (such as social and transport). Our study focused on the following demands and data: Integration of the study-area in the wider region Existing infrastructure in the region of Ano Poli Demographics Results of the building capacity recording Results of field study using questionnaires Proposals for urban regeneration in the study-area


Analysis Maps Building’s quality

Building’s Chronology Map legend of study area 3 in Ano Poli, Thessaloniki

Map legend of study area 3 in Ano Poli, Thessaloniki

Building condition & quality map

Building chronology map

Excellent

before 1922

Moderate

1922 - 1955

Bad

1955 - 1970

Ruined

1970 - 1985

Under construction

1985 until present

Project team: Doumpa Paraskevi, Picha Angelina, Christaki Athena

Building’s Land Use

Project team: Doumpa Paraskevi, Picha Angelina, Christaki Athena

Building’s architecture style

(ground floor) Map legend of study area 3 in Ano Poli, Thessaloniki

Map legend of study area 3 in Ano Poli, Thessaloniki

Ground floor land use map

Architectural type and form Turkish - Macedonian

Housing Jewish Everyday commerce

Neoclassical Immigrant

Low green area

Small industry - laboratory

Before Regulation Law Neo-traditional “Kastroplikta” (by the castle)

Project team: Doumpa Paraskevi, Picha Angelina, Christaki Athena

Project team: Doumpa Paraskevi, Picha Angelina, Christaki Athena

Autocad presentation


Proposal Maps & Sketches

Integration of open spaces for the creation of public green spaces. The space can be configured using gravel and planted plots in order to reduce the thermal emission of the buildings as well as enabling the drainage of surface water.

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Indicative block redevelopment proposal by creating underground parking which does not offend the traditional aesthetics of the surrounding buildings and regeneration of the area above the parking. The space next to the parking will be public, with pavement, to accommodate those who park their vehicle. Along with the construction of a pedestrian path there will be planted trees in order to form green public spaces.

playgrou

ian roa pedestr nd

street parking exit

underground parking

parking entrance

playground green areas pedestrian road design

grass field scale: 1:500 research area 3 Doumpa Paraskevi Picha Angelina Christaki Athena

autocad & Sketch presentation


strategic planning of metropolitan centers & regions R&D in Metropolitan Area of Thessaloniki

D

uring the course "Strategic Planning of Metropolitan Centers and Regions� students were called to deal with a metropolitan region of Greece by studying its general characteristics at first and then a specific subject. Our working group (two-member) studied the Metropolitan Area of Thessaloniki (M.A.Th.) as to its areas of research, technology and innovation. The project lasted three months. The first part of the project examines the M.A.Th. regarding its major features, some of which are: ? demographic, population and economic characteristics ? infrastructure and operations ? spatial position of the region (Europe, the Balkans, Greece, Region) ? investigation of the existing institutional and conceptual framework ? the general vision for the role and the profile of the area ? Our own overall vision for M.A.Th.

6 t h S e m e s t e r - J u n e 2 0 0 8 Te a c h i n g t e a m : N . R o d o l a k i s - E .T h o i d o u C h . P e t r o p o u l o u The second part deals with the thematic approach of areas of research, technology and innovation in M.A.Th. where we examined various data, few of which are the following: ? existing proposals of operators ? demographic and economic data ? indicators that measure innovation ? existing infrastructure

Then, a SWOT analysis and evaluation of data were developed, specifying the problems that arise in the economic and spatial development of the sector (lack of accessibility, covering land use, urban sprawl). Finally, we proposed the creation of specific poles of innovation, based on the spatial pattern of the city and the problems and needs that have been diagnosed, while setting specific requirements for the proposal application.


analysis maps & charts

R&D poles in M.A.Th. and infrastructures

Population Rate 2001 in M.A.Th.

Education level of residents of Thessaloniki (preference- 2001)

Annual employment in the sector of technology and knowledgeintensive sectors in the Central Macedonia region (source: Eurostat)

aRCGIS & EXCEL PRESENTATION


analysis map

The European principal of equal access to infrastructures and knowledge gets undermined by the way the r&d sector is located and developed in the city

R&D poles in metropolitan area of Thessaloniki

aRCGIs PRESENTATION


proposal The proposal suggests the development of three r&d poles: ? the first at west Thessaloniki (Sindos) ? the second in the university campus, downtown ? the third at east Thessloniki (Thermi)

Thessaloniki --> linear development --> 3 poles: all needs in M.A.Th. fulfilled Every pole --> services wider districts: east- north- west aRCGIs PRESENTATION


urban space & urban transfers

D

uring the course "Urban Space and Urban Transport" students were asked to study the urban transportation system of the city of Veria. In particular, it was assigned to each group of students to study a city bus line as far as its operating characteristics are concerned. The study group consisted of three people and the project was completed within a month. Specifically, my group initially was asked to study a suburban route connecting the city of Veria with two neighboring villages. We recorded the bus stops and the main land uses that are adjacent to the route. Furthermore, we recorded the duration of the route, the length of it and the average speed of the vehicle as well as the zones of influence of the bus line. On this basis, we have reached conclusions on the reasons that have led to the creation of the specific route which are work and the centre of Veria.

6 t h S e m e s t e r - J u n e 2 0 0 8 Te a c h e r : A . P a p a g i a n n a k i s In the second phase of work, the aim was to develop a new bus line and the calculation of its operating characteristics. Thus, it was necessary to make an initial assessment of the degree of service to residents by the already existing routes. The assessment showed that there are areas in the city of Veria that are not served by the existing route network. One of these areas is the north part of the city, which is a purely residential area and the standard way to access the city center is by car or taxi. Based on the needs of local residents for work and services we designed a new bus line, along with its the accompanying supporting infrastructures, while we estimated the zones of influence and the areas to be served by the implementation of the new line.


analysis maps

Influence Zones of the Bus Line and Land Cover Uses (Corine2000) at the further area. 0 10.000 20.000 40.000 60.000 80.000 Kilometers Agriculture Manufacture

Housing

EE

Cemetery

Sports field

Green space

Church

Education

Commerce

Without use

Urban Space & Urban Transfers Bus route study Veria - St. George - St. ? arina Study group: Doumpa Paraskevi Pasvaga Despina Picha Angelina

Influence Zones of the Bus Line and primate land uses on the bus route.

- why do you take the bus? - cause I have to go to work, to study and to shop!

GIS & Google earth presentation


proposal maps Bus stop Starting and Terminal route points Suggested route

0

Suggested route Land use Recreation Services Commerce Housing Cemetery Gas station School Parking station Museum Intercity bus station Hotel Sports field Drugstore Church

330

660

990

1.320 Meters

Green urban space Commerce- Housing Commerce- Services Housing Services Influence zone

Transfer Station

Starting station- Promitheas

165

0

165

330

660

990

Police Station

1.320 Meters

Route Length

6,215 km

Estimated Itinerary Duration

30 minutes under the worst conditions

Suggested itinerary number Average Speed

50 km/ hour

Vehicles number

2

Bus driver number

4

11/ day

Bus Daily Timetable 6:30 8:00 9:30 11:00 12:30 14:00 15:30 17:00 18:30 20:00 21:30

New Courts

0

165

330

660

990

1.320 Meters

Court terminal station

GIS presentation


urban planning designs & studies The example of Naousa

O

ne of the major laboratories-workshops of our school's curriculum, was this one in which we learned both to create a land use plan and to understand the basic theoretical and methodological issues concerning the actual design process . This work was supported by a three-member team in three months. We worked as a case-study on the city of Naoussa on two levels: the drafting of a framework plan (General City Masterplan) and the creation of a more detailed plan (Urban Design). The study area comprises the city of Naoussa and the surrounding area. Naoussa is a third level town, with a population of about 20,000 residents, which in recent years suffered a huge crisis in the industry, particularly in that of textile industry. As a result, the town has serious problems of unemployment. Furthermore, the economical sectors that are developed in the area are wine production and tourism.

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S e m e s t e r - J u n e 2 0 0 9 Te a c h i n g t e a m : A . G i a n n a k o u - A .Ta s o p o u l o u G . G e m e n e t z i The project was developed in the following steps-levels: ? Diagnosis and evaluation of the existing situation: a draft of the

vision, in a preliminary level, general goals and spatial goals (SWOT analysis, capacity of existing settlements, population projections, programming sizes for residential development) ? Final structural plan - Proposal for the organization of land uses: suburban area uses, integration of the proposed residential extensions, zoning according to general operation. ? Specification of planning organizing principles: selection of a region with one or two Urban Areas and study on the development model spatial organization, urban planning organization proposal (central functions, densities, Building Coefficient, etc.).


1

st

level: Analysis, Vision and Goals

Considered:

The vision for Naousa’s development:

? Spatial position ? Development position: ? Population & Demographic characteristics ? Economical function & Production profile ? Employment- unemployment ? Natural & Structured environment : ? Natural Environment ? Structured Environment (semi-urban) ? Infrastructures

? Viability ? City-module of parallel urban development

and physical protection ? Development of sustainable tourism practices

The strategic goals for Naousa’s development: SWOT ANALYSIS

Population Projection: ? Future population growth expectation scenarios ? Capacity calculation ? Urban extension: future and programmatic

measures and factors selection ? Urban extension proposal

? Enhancing of the city’s Spatial position:

Polycentric system of Thessaloniki & Joining with Egnatia Road ? Development Physiognomy: Transportation infrastructure & Strategic development actions (archaeological network, wine exports, thirdgrade studies) ? Urban Physiognomy: Touristic pole, Manufactory character of the city, Establishment of an organized manufacture pole.


2

nd

level: Structural Plan

Calculated:

Faculty of Spatial Engineering and Development Urban Planning Designs and Studies The example of the city of Naousa

Urban planning standards for the suggested urban expansion:

Structural Plan City boundaries Primary road network 2nd level road network Municipal boundaries

? Area ? Building area ? Building factor ? Standard for beneficial

Area of physical interest

housing area ? Standard for social and technical infrastructure area ? Density ? Saturation degree ? Total capacity

Transition zone of natural environment and urban space

Urban Space Agriculture area Archaeological area

Acceptable standard values for social and technical infrastructure:

Productivity zone (industry, manufacture, commerce, services)

Center

Area of future urban expansion Touristic and recreational areas in the city

? Services ? Education ? Health ? Welfare ? Sports ? Culture ? Church ? Commerce ? Manufacture

Cultural park

Connection with Thessaloniki

Green urban spaceNaousa city’s park Geomorphology Study group: Alexandrou Eustratia Doumpa Paraskevi Tzoufi Myrto th

Connection with Veria

8 spring semester 2009

Structural plan ? Natural environment ? Transitional zone of natural and urban environment ? Urban area: future expansions ? Agriculture land: including the archaeological space ? Archaeological area ? Productive activities: secondary and tertiary sector (wine industry, textile industry) ? Future urban expansion areas ? Cultural park: it is institutionally characterized as a Special Incentives Zone, which contains function rooms of technological, artistic and educational interest ? Tourism and recreational areas: in the commercial and historical center of Naousa, as well as along the riverside where the abandoned factories are. autocad presentation


2

nd

level: Land use plan Faculty of Spatial Engineering and Development Urban Planning Designs and Studies The example of the city of Naousa

Land Use Plan City boundaries Building blocks Primary road network 2nd level road network Municipal boundaries

S.P.A.1 S.P.A. 2 P.A.E.A. 1 P.A.E.A. 2 P.A.E.A. 3 P.A.E.A. 4 P.A.E.A. 5 Area of future urban expansion Geomorphology

Study group: Alexandrou Eustratia Doumpa Paraskevi Tzoufi Myrto th

8 spring semester 2009

Land Use Plan ? S.P.A. 1: Natural Environment: Protected Zone of natural environment- St.Nikolaos forest ? S.P.A. 2: Archeological areas ? P.A.E.A. 1: Agriculture land of high productivity ? P.A.E.A. 2: Tourism- recreation ? P.A.E.A. 3: Area of controlled productivity: conservation and controlled development of the already existing uses, restricting the settlement of further uses ? P.A.E.A. 4: Manufacture Development Zone: low and medium size ? P.A.E.A. 5: Transitional area of controlled development and environmental protection: transitional zone between the urban and the natural (protected)

environment *S.P.A.= Special Protection Area P.A.E.A.= Productive Activities Establishment Area

autocad presentation


3

rd

level: urban planning design

Calculated:

Faculty of Spatial Engineering and Development

? Population’s demands

Urban Planning Designs and Studies The example of the city of Naousa

in social infrastructure ? Population’s demands in public and open spaces

Urban Planning Design City boundaries Primary road network 2nd level road network Urban unit 5 “Arapitsa” river “Green” connections

Designed: ? Deterioration of

central urban functions ? Diagrammatic scheme of general and specific urban functions ? Transportation organizing

Pure housing area General housing area Restricted car-use area Main-central urban functions Local neighborhood center Education Kindergarten Primary School Secondary School Secondary Professional School Professional Education Institute

Welfare- Day Nursery Athletics Tennis, basket and volley fields

Gymnasium Church Public, Open, Green Spaces

Pedestrian Road Cultural Park Geomorphology Study group: Alexandrou Eustratia Doumpa Paraskevi Tzoufi Myrto th

8 spring semester 2009

Map 1:5000 ? Pure Housing ? General Housing ? Local Center: two smaller centers have been placed in the expanded area and one more in the urban unit 5 aiming to the formation of a polycentric urban

network. ? Public, open green spaces: in a form of pedestrian roads, which end to bigger green spaces where other functions can be placed. The goal is to form a

coherent green network ? Cultural park ? Social services- welfare

autocad presentation


3

rd

level: Urban Study Plan Faculty of Spatial Engineering and Development Urban Planning Designs and Studies The example of the city of Naousa

Urban Planning Design City boundaries Primary road network 2nd level road network Urban unit 5 “Arapitsa” river Pure housing area General housing area Main-central urban functions

Education Kindergarten Primary School Secondary School Secondary Professional School Professional Education Institute

Welfare- Day Nursery Athletics Tennis, basket and volley fields

Gymnasium Cultural Park Public, Open, Green Spaces

Pedestrian Road Geomorphology Study group: Alexandrou Eustratia Doumpa Paraskevi Tzoufi Myrto 8th spring semester 2009

Map 1:200 ? Locating the two local centres in the west and south part ? Locating of public, open and green spaces and a general design of the pedestrian roads which will connect those spaces. ? Design of the road network, which also determines the orientation of the blocks ? Housing: seperation in pure and general housing ? Education: locating according to age groups and the general environment ? Athletics: creation of a sports field in the center of the two parts of the suggested expansion, aiming to the satisfaction of all Naousa’s population needs.

autocad presentation


Space and Cultural Formation

Comparative study of the Vlahcs from Vlasti, in Kozani, and the Slav-speaking, local people of Papagianni, in Florina.

T

his research paper examines the interactions between Space and Culture, through comparative study of two populations: the Slavspeaking Greeks of Papagiannis, Florina and the Vlachs of Vlasti, Kozani. The study of two populations is based on the theory of the French historian Fernand Braudel, developed in the book "Grammar of Civilizations." This theory connects features of the man with the natural environment. These two populations were selected in order to apply to them the theory of Braudel (as a case-study), as it was interesting to study a culture with long history of movements (such as the residents of the Vlasti) compared to a cultural group that was relatively stagnant, at least the period that we study (such as the inhabitants of Papagiannis). In both cases, the temporal dimension of our research starts from the Late Ottoman Period (18th century) and leads to the present. The questions that we put on focus in one hand on the influence that a movement might have on culture and on the other the interaction between human and natural environment.

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S e m e s t e r - S e p t e m b e r 2 0 1 0 R e s e a r c h T h e s i s S u p e r v i s o r : I . K o k k a l i C o u n c i l o r : N . K a r a n i k o l a s

The methodology used includes literature and web research, as well as field research. It was necessary, to perform an autopsy on the two (major) areas studied (Vlasti- Papagiannis) to make a connection between the bibliography and the collected data, to which we even go back over the course of processing the reports. Thus, a complete picture of the culture of each region was built. As regards to the part of the bibliographic research, the material that was used had to do mainly with ethnic characteristics of each region as well as studies that were focused on cultural, economic, social, etc. points of each region. Having collected and studied all the data, they were organized according to the theory of Braudel: those that concern and relate to the geography, society, economy and finally the collective mentality, with a spatial reference to Geocultural Units. As a result we ended up with conclusions mostly about the connections between space and culture.


Theoretical background Parallalel Study: A Culture with a significant movement- immigration (Vlasti+Moschopolis)/ A Cultural Group which didn’t move Questions regarding: 1. The influence that probably movements have on a culture 2. The influence between human and natural environment Possible Answers: 1. Movement = change/ Immobility= stability 2. Every cultural aspect (geography, society, economy, collective feeling) are directly connected to space and its characteristics

Theoretical Background = F. Braudel’s Theory (Grammar of Civilisations - 1963) ? Culture Definition ? Connection among Culture, Geography, and Human Space (society, economy, psychological structures and ethics) In this thesis: [(Space + Sociological Clues + Economical Clues + History) + Tradition and Cultural Clues] + Geocultural Units = Conclusion

Methodology: ? Theoretical background selection --> F. Braudel ? Bibliographic research ? Web- online research ? Field research + interviews --> connection between bibliographical+internet sources and further gathered clues

Signficant clues of the theory: ? Geocultural Units’ Network ? How cultures interfere when they contact other cultures ? Time continuity ? Observation of a culture as a whole

In this thesis: two cases of neighbor cultures in their whole history, that their basic differences are origin, language and movement, or not, in space

? “Classification” according to Braudel’s theory: Geography, Society, Economy and Collective Behaviors ? Geocultural Units: the tree cultures under study were “settled” on space and were matched to the characteristics of each case


analysis Geocultural Units: a geographical space, where a specific system of cultural characteristics dominates. F. Braudel: “Every Culture, despite its size or significance, can always be located on a map. Its reality depends, at a high level, on the positive or negative aspects and characteristics of the geographical space” Considered: Main characteristics of each occasionculture: i) Geography ii) History iii) Society iv) Economy v) Culture- Tradition

Geocultural Unit of Ottoman Empire

Geocultural Units Network of Papagianni- Vlasti Ottoman Empire 18th century Balkans Geographical Macedonia Armani Vlachs Slav-speaking, local people Moschopolis- Armani Vlachs Vlasti Papagianni Greek Regions (present) Countries

Geocultural Unit of Balkans

Geocultural Unit of Vlachs

Scale: 1:800.000 Doumpa Paraskevi

Geographical Unit of Slav-speakingLocals

Geocultural Unit of Geographical Macedonia

Geocultural Unit of Moschopolis

Geocultural Unit of Vlasti

Geographical Unit of Papagianni

Culture could be described as a network of characteristics, that according to its “position” has a different structure. This structure depends on the historical background of every area- unit (geocultural units). The most representative description for such a network is the example of a rope that consists of different kind of fibers- different geocultural units (as shown on the picture).

Geocultural Units Network for both cases under-study

gis, photoshop & PowerPoint presentation


analysis Research of the Structures of each culture Analysis and Editing of: ? Geography and Physical Environment ? Climate ? Economy ? Nutritional Habits ? Clothing ? Architecture ? Music- dancing ? Household equipment ? Society ? Urban Structure ? Space position ? Administration ? Demography ? Connection with other settlements ? Education ? Movements- migration ? Linguistics ? Collective Behaviors ? Religion

This analysis is performed in tables of correlation as shown on the example for all three situations: Vlasti, Moschopolis and Papagianni. Conclusions: ? Many common characteristics ? They have been “moved” from Moschopolis to Vlasti ? Some of them exist until nowadays

Data Geography-Physical Environment

Vlasti High Latitude Forestry lands

Moschopolis

Plenty of water areas

Very important characteristics for a vlach village

Relationship with Sea

due to commerce

High Latitude Forestry lands

Very important characteristics for a Common geophysical vlach village characteristics

Plenty of water areas Relationship with Sea

Heavy winter Climate

Mountainous

Calm summer dairy products, castor oil, etc

Commerce

Cattle-raising

Nomads

Cattle-raising

Cheese-production

famous cheese (manouri)

Cheese- production

Economy

Vineculture, wine-making, potato cultivation

Agriculture

gis &

Calm summer

Common climate characteristics

Basic factors of richness of Moschopolispresentation PowerPoint Similar economical functions with emphasis in the common sectors of commerce and cattle-raising

Agriculture

Further services (craftsmen etc)

Further services (craftsmen etc)

Data

due to commerce Heavy winter

Mountainous

Commerce

Results

Papagianni

Results

Plain GeographyPhysical Environment

Many water bodies

Climate

Calm and humid climate with fierce snowfalls

Economy

References in traditional songs

Ancient lake

Agriculture

melons, wheat, barley, corn, beans, tomatoes, vineyards

Cattle- raising

Sheep, cows, oxen, buffalos, horses, chickens, pigs

Craftsmen

Traditional job of “chtenas”: comb-maker for the loom

Commerce

Product exchanging


analysis Cultures are Geographical Areas, Societies, Economies, F.Braudel: Culture <--> Geographical and Physical Characteristics Geocultural Units and Natural Environment

G.U. of Moschopolis The settlement is in a forestry area, but it also neighbors agricultural land

G.U. of Geographical Macedonia The natural environment of the unit is rich not only as far as forestry areas are concerned, but also agricultural ones

G.U. of Vlasti The environment of its area is mostly forest but it also contains agricultural land

G.U. of Papagianni The village is at a pure agricultural area, while forestry areas are in a big distance from it

Diagram of correlation of the Geocultural Units with the natural environment of each unit.

Conclusion of Geocultural Units Research ? Slav-speaking, local people: Agricultural Economy, settlements in low latitude, stability, rural landscapes ? Vlachs: Shepherds, settlements in high latitude, forest landscapes ? People of Moschopolis- Vlasti: urban environment, common environmental and climate conditions --> reason of migration from the one to the other village

Geocultural Units Network and Natural Environment

River Geographical Macedonia Armani Vlachs Slav-speaking, Local people Moschopolis- Armani Vlachs Vlasti Papagianni Greek Regions (present) Countries Artificial Surfaces Agricultural Areas Forests

Scrub and/or herbaceous vegetation associations Open spaces with little or no vegetation

Burnt areas Wetlands Water bodies

Scale: 1:350.000 Doumpa Paraskevi

Physical Environment (Corrine2000 data) and Geocultural Units

F. Braudel: Connection between physical space + economical, sociological, cultural etc characteristics

gis & PowerPoint presentation


Modern Greek civilization

Immigrants from USA

Conclusions Demolition of the original hypothetical answer: Movement= change/ Immobility = Stability Instead Movement= partial change= partial stability

Greek State dominance

Rest of â&#x20AC;&#x153;claimingâ&#x20AC;? countries dominance (Bulgary, Oth. Empire)

Bas-relief

Natural Resources

Climate Agriculture

A culture might change after a movement, but this transition probably happens in a smaller scale when the moving population shows a higher educational, living, economical etc level in comparison to the population that already exists in the area of resettlement.

Papagianni The cultures under study viewed as systems along with their influences

On the contrary, A culture that is static in space on the one hand may keep almost all of its original characteristics unchanged. On the other hand, the changes that may come are due to the characteristics of the geocultural units that either already existed, or have been formed later in the area.

Central-european emigration

Seasonal nomads

Cattle-raising

Commerce

Rest emigrants (inner emigration)

Relationship between Space and Culture ? Water resources: economical development (agriculture, cattleraising) ? Geomorphology: social and economical benefits ? Natural environment: building materials, nutrition, clothing ? Climate: everyday living, economy, sociability, culture ? Settlement of a population --> Cultural Event --> Structured environment ? Religion (Christian orthodox) --> Structured environment ? Economy --> Agriculture- Cattle-raising

Natural resources

Climate

Education

Bras- relief

Vlasti Immigrants from Moschopolis

Rest Immigrants

powerpoint presentation


re-urban valaoritou Scenario of urban regeneration in the historical center of Thessaloniki

T

he object of this study is to formulate a complete urban planning reformation and upgrade of a part of the historical and commercial center of Thessaloniki, specifically concerning the area of Valaoritou. The name of the area is considerably recent and mainly unofficial. It derives from Valaoritou Street where most shops of alternative interest and recreation are and have been for the last five years developed. The area of study today shows signs of steady degradement. The constant development of recreation in combination with the recession of commercial uses and manufacture in the area has resulted in the gradual abandonment of stores and the domination of bars. The bad condition of the urban web and most of the buildings in the area â&#x20AC;&#x201C; most with very interesting morphological and typological structural characteristics â&#x20AC;&#x201C; along with the aforementioned fill in the declining state of the area. However the area of Valaoritou in this atmosphere of degradation, with the aged historical buildings and the shops of recreation offers something different to the city of Thessaloniki: a hangout (local) of controversial entertainment to many students and young people, with a parallel development of culture. So, the question that we are called to offer an answer to is in what level may the planning, in such a state of

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t h

S e m e s t e r - S e p t e m b e r 2 0 1 0 D i s s e r t a t i o n t h e s i s S u p e r v i s o r s : A .V i t o p o u l o u - N . K a r a n i k o l a s

spontaneous development and configuration, of an area be efficient and finally successful? The methodology used for the preparation of our thesis includes: investigation of the theoretical frame work and the study of examples of regenerated areas which emerge similar characteristics with the studied area, extended investigation of the area's existing circumstances through field research, questionnaires, participatory planning approach via our blog, assessment of the findings and formulation of an intervention scenario. The approach used has as its main aim the upgrading of the area as well as safeguarding its character through the uplifting of morning usage, of housing and culture and the balanced growth of these along side recreation and entertainment. It also focuses on the motives of attraction to the area offered along with the leveling of the values of real estates. The proposal is formulated in general and specific objectives, territorial objectives and developed proposals. The project was developed by a two-member group, in the terms of the Dissertation and Diploma thesis. The whole research and proposal took place during a five-month period of May - September 2010.


methodology and basic clues clues:

recreation land use sprawl vs central land uses in historical center not a fait accompli

how can someone interfere and “regenerate” without spoiling the already spontaneous development?

methodology:

1. recreation pole --> research area 2. bibliographical research 3. on the spot investigation, status quo registration, questionnaires 4. participating planning --> “re-urban valaoritou” blog 5. analysis valuation 6. proposal

theoretical background:

1. regeneration in historical centers: development of the strategy in the European area (examples) 2. regeneration in Greece: institutional framework and examples keywords:urban renewal, requalification, urban regeneration, careful, step -by-

step revitalisation


analysis graphs & photos Considered:

160000

1991

85+ 80-84

1. Demographic characteristics

2001

140000

75-79 70-74

? Permanent population ? Population density ? Age composition of population ? Age groups ? Age pyramid

120000

65-69 60-64

100000

55-59 50-54 45-49

80000

40-44 35-39

60000

30-34 25-29

2.Social Characteristics

40000

20-24

? Educational level

15-19

20000

10-14 5-9

3. Economic Characteristics ? Employment ? Employment by econ. sector

0

0-4 -25000

-20000

-15000

-10000

-5000

Female

0

5000

Male

Age Pyramid, 2001

10000

15000

20000

25000

Persons below 10 years old

Employed

Asked for work

Asked for work for the first time

Student

Retired

Rentier

Housework Other case

Employment by economic sector, 2001

Considered:

1. Architecture type ? Historic buildings ? Modern buildings ? Galleries ? Building details

2.Listed and proposed to maintain buildings 3. Historic sites

excel and photo presentation


analysis maps & graphs co m m re erc c wi rea e th tio ou n se t u s rv e w ice ed elf s uc are a cu tion lt ch ure ur ch

Considered: 120

1. Land use (by major use and by Tantalidou

floor)

100

P

Valaoritou

2.Number of floors

Valao

ritou

Orfan ido u

Egn atia

Le on tos

Sof ou

80

3. Building condition and quality

Vila

Val ao ritou

Her od ou

Att iko u

P

istr iou

Fra go n

s ria Ve

Pol yt

P

niou

P

He rn

est

ex

He bra r

40

u

Erm ou

o ug rH to Vic

u klio

¹

Ag io u

Office Recreation Education

Commerce Housing Church- Religion

Industry (small) Hotel Parking

floor and rest floors)

Without use Services

Store- warehouse Culture

0

0,02 0,04

0,08

0,12

0,16 km.

Κ? ??t

?? ?? ?t?

?

Major ground floor land uses as registered during the autopsy Price: euro/sq.m.

Scale of road network Major arterial Secondary arterial Collector street Local street

Traffic course

Valaoritou

Valaoritou

Valaoritou

Valao

Egn atia

Egn atia tos Sof ou Le on

Kap od

He bra r u

o ug rH to Vic

es Ed

u

Ka to un i

u klio

klio ra He

ra He

u

Ed

sis

sis es Ed

klio ra He

os le

Dia m an ti

si Va

os sile Va

os sile Va

Ka to un i

Erm ou

He rn est

He rn est

He bra r

He bra r

Oly m pio

Dia m an ti

istr iou

Kap od istr iou

Kap od

s

Oly m pio u

Erm ou

o ug rH to Vic

Erm ou

Ka to un i

Syg ra Vila

Her od o

u

Her od ou

Val ao ritou

Fra go n

ria Ve

istr iou

Fra go n

as

He rn est

on

Att iko u

Val ao ritou

ri Ve

s ria Ve o ug rH to Vic

lik

Vila ra

Dodekanissou

Dodekanissou

Dodekanissou Fra go n

Dia m an ti

gr ou

Typ ou

gr ou

Kat ho

Syg

Kat ho lik on

Val ao ritou

Att iko u

lik on

Vila ra

Kat ho

Syg gr ou

Typ

ou

Typ ou

Le

Le on tos

on tos Sof ou

Sof ou

Egn atia

Att iko u

ritou

Orfan ido u

ritou

Valao

ritou

Orfan ido u

Orfan ido u

Valao

Her od ou

Two-way street One-way street (route 1) One-way street (route 2)

Tantalidou

Tantalidou

Tantalidou

ex c m elle od nt er at e un b de ru ad r c in on ed st/ ion

2.000- 4.000 3.000- 5.000 4.000- 8.000 6.000- 9.000 not for sale

Oly m pio u

M in a

Scale: 1:2.000

0

?? e?? ?

Io no sD ra go um i

sis

20

6. Real estate research (ground

ra He

es Ed

5. Traffic and Transport network and infrastructures’ quality

os sile Va

Dia m an ti

Ka to un i

Oly m pio

Π?? ?te

Kap od

Dodekanissou

4. Building chronology

lik on

ra

Kat ho

60

Syg gr ou

Typ ou

P

es

0,05

?? ?? t?

0,1

0,15

0,2

0

0,025

a

1:2.000 0,05

0,1

um i

¹

Ag io

Scale: 0,15

0,2 km.

0

0,025

u

M in a

no sD ra go

M in

Io

Ag io u

Scale:

1:2.000

0,025

km. Κ? ?? t?

¹

um i

Scale: 0

M in a

Io no sD ra go

Ag io u

Io no sD ra go um i

sis

¹

1:2.000 0,05

0,1

0,15

0,2 km.

?

Ground floor real estate value

Building condition & quality

Scale of road network

arcgis and excel presentation


questionnaires analysis & participatory planning Three questionnaire types: Follower’s other recreation preferences in Thessaloniki

1. Owners of recreation- evening businesses (personal interview) - 90% of the total businesses 2. Owners of commerce- morning businesses (personal interview) 3. Local recreation followers (online questionnaire) - 360 answers until September- the questionnaire is still running collecting data D e fin a t e ly ye s P ro b a b ly y e s I d o n 't k n o w /a n s w e r P ro b a b ly n o D e fin it e ly n o

Thoughts about turning the commerce (morning) business into recreation (evening)

the idea and the result: (Visitors Overview)

1. the goal was to apply a part and a form of participatory planning. Through the blog it became possible to open a social dialog regarding not only our analysis methodology but also our proposals. 2. it is understood that applying participatory planning only through internet is not the correct method, as it excludes a major part of the society (ex. elders, poor etc)

(visits)

(single visitors)

3. the result was more than satisfactory as the “Valaoritou issue” came to the foreground, and it was proved that (up to a point) participatory planning can help to maintain spontaneous development in an area. the blog’s poster that was placed around the city

Statistic clues regarding the blog’s visitors, via Google Analytics

arcgis & excel presentation


ba d

de ruin rc e on d st/ ion

co m m me an uf rce ac re tur e cr ea tio of n fic es sto re s ho se tel rv ice ch s ur c ch wit ultu ho re ut us e

un

ex

ce lle n m od t era te

analysis valuation culture+free spaces+ architectural landscape --> recreation

bad condition buildings+architectural type --> underground culture Land use development in the urban network: vertical and horizontal--> Commerce+manufacture+services+recreation

Building condition & quality along with ground floor land uses

45

More than 2 years More than 1 year

40

The last year 35

More than 5 months The last 3 months

30

The last month 25

20

15

the only danger for recreation’s development is the service quality downgrading and the loss of the alternative cultural background

10

5

0

it's near your job

its central position

it's easily prices are low you like parties you like the it's meeting accessible by and music bars themselves place public transport

Correlation of visitation’s duration and choice’s reason

Other

I don’t know/asnwer

arcgis and excel presentation


general goals:

proposal

1. enhance the character of the neighborhood within the region 2. protection of the physiognomy of the region 3. raise of the development opportunities of local market

s)

co m m re er cr ce ea se tion rv ic cu es lt we ure ed lfar uc e at io ho n ch tel r Pa uch (p rki lac n e g

vision : a sustainable, attractive to all, human, valaoritou areaâ&#x20AC;?

integration of open spaces (public space) integration of open spaces (private place) park common-public space

Structural Plan recreation pole building restoration pole road network and transportation settlement commerce- culture commerce- manufacture commerce- services- housing free/public spaces existing commercial city center existing housing existing court

Structural plan

ground floor land uses plan

Recreation pole: no further development Building restoration pole: not only for historical buildings but also for modern ones in bad condition Road network and transportation settlement: parking stations, pedestrian network, sidewalks widening, bicycle friendly Commerce: enhance and maintenance of the areaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s profile (traditional products and market) Manufacture pole: economical motives Cultural pole: enhance of the cultural profile of the area

Commerce: organized in small local markets Recreation: totally in the whole area there will be allowed to be granted maximum 55 licenses of health concern. On the map are shown proposed places to be used for recreation. Welfare Education Free/public spaces: mostly on the surface of underground parking places Services

arcgis presentation


proposal

Configuring green public spaces

2. Terrace land uses plan: Green Roofs, Recreation

Configuring private â&#x20AC;&#x153;publicâ&#x20AC;? spaces

o pan-ro rk ad in g pa plarkin ce g s

ro bu ute sl an e

lin g

ed es pu t p ria re m ave n at m er e ia n p l t m ave 1 at m er e ial nt cy 2 c

1. Floor land uses plan: main uses --> General Housing, Offices, Small scale industry, Welfare, Tourism, Recreation and Culture

m se ajor co nd roa d ar yr oa co d lle ct or str pe de m . str ixe ian d p

the proposal also includes:

existing bicycle parking tree planting galleries (existing and proposed)

Public space

3. Traffic and Public Spaces plan: Pedestrian areas, Cycling routes, Road network, Public transportation, Parking places, Galleries network, Public and open spaces, integration of open spaces 4. Maintenance and management of the existing buildings plan: Restoration, Demolition, Buildings in emergency, Galleries restoration 5. Tools and delivery mechanisms: Institutional tools, Real estate management, Implementing agency, Management agency, Business Improvement District (formed by smaller clusters)

Building, proposed for demolition and reconstruction

Industrial building, proposed for restoration and cultural use

Historical buildings in danger, proposed for immediate restoration

Historical building in danger, proposed for immediate restoration

Traffic and Public Spaces network plan

arcgis & Photo presentation


proposal

Before and After: empty site which transforms into an underground parking along with green public space on the ground

The surplus of the active manpower of the region can be used in order to create the green public spaces, enhancing the existing spontaneity

Before and After: private ground parking place which transforms into an underground parking along with green public space on the ground

arcgis & Photoshop presentation


proposal

evaluation before regeneration

&

conclusions

after regeneration

before regeneration

Without use

Without use

after regeneration

Culture

Culture

Hotel

Services

Welfare

Hotel

Education Welfare

Church Commerce

Commerce Education

Offices Church

Industry

Recreation

Recreation

Parking

Housing 10000

20000

30000

40000

50000

60000

70000

80000

90000

0

50000

100000

150000

200000

250000

Proposal Evaluation: Land uses in m2 before regeneration and after on ground floor (left diagram) and on floors (right diagram)

Builded-Free space

0

Builded space Public spaces (road network and galleries)

Green and open spaces

Al mos t no cha nge due to the l i mi ted

264873

265690

0,00 expopri a ti ons

64283

58073

-0,10 network tra ns forms to green s pa ce

2130

36656

16,21 cons ol i da ti on of open s pa ces ,

Decrea s es , becaus e pa rt of the roa d Si gni fi cant i ncrea s e due to the expropri a ti ons a nd green roofs

EXcel presentation


Doumpa Vivian - Portfolio (2005-2010)