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Venezuela va con alto calibre al Clásico Mundial de Béisbol. Pg. 7

THE THE DENVER DENVER POST POST Año Año An An edition edition of of 5, No. 4 332 No. 24403/01/13 06/16/11 VIVACOLORADO.COM www.VivaColorado.com

Rapids re-sign midfielder Jaime Castrillon. Pg. 7

Mediterraneanstyle diets found to cut heart risks . Pg. 6

What does a

‘secure’

border look like?

Linda Alvarado recounts doubly hard journey to success. Pg. 8

By The Associated Press

O

nce, the barren mesas and shrub-covered canyons that extend east of the Pacific Ocean held the most popular routes for immigrants heading into the U.S. without papers. Dozens at a time sprinted to waiting cars or a trolley stop in San Diego, passing border agents who were too busy herding others to give pause. Now, 20 years after that onslaught, crossing would mean scaling two fences (one topped with coiled razor wire), passing a phalanx of agents and eluding cameras positioned to capture every incursion. The difference, Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano said on a recent tour, is like “a rocket ship and a horse and buggy.” In pure numbers it is this: Where border agents made some 530,000

Republicanos modifican estrategia sobre migración. Colorado GOP shows shifting immigrant tuition stance. Pg. 5

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than ever. San Diego is but one example. Two decades ago, fewer than 4,000 Border Patrol agents manned the entire Southwest border. Today there are 18,500. Some 651 miles of fence have been built, most of that since 2005. Apprehensions, meantime, have plummeted to levels not seen since the early 1970s — with 356,873 in FY2012. Compare that to 1.2 million apprehensions in 1993, when new strategies began bringing officers and technology to border communities in California, Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Now sensors have been planted, cameras erected, and drones monitor the borderlands from above. But for those who live and work in communities along the international boundary, “secure” means different things. In Arizona, ranchers scoff at the idea. In New Mexico, locals

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arrests in San Diego in fiscal year 1993, they had fewer than 30,000 in 2012. There is no simple yardstick to measure border security. And yet, as the debate over immigration reform ramps back up, many will try. “Secure the border first” has become not just a popular mantra whenever talk turns to reform but a litmus test for many upon which a broader overhaul is contingent. “We need a responsible, permanent solution” to illegal immigration, U.S. Sen. Marco Rubio, the Florida Republican who is working to develop a reform plan, said in his State of the Union response this month. “But first,” he added, “we must follow through on the broken promises of the past to secure our borders and enforce our laws.” In fact, the 1,954-mile border with Mexico is more difficult to breach

A

Efren Rodrigo Herrera, AP

unque desde hace más de 20 años Gilberto Cuadra ejerce la actividad de preparador de impuestos, no deja de sorprenderse al comprobar que las malas costumbres de sus clientes se repiten.

Lizzette Ardila, de 45 años de edad, es empleada en una óptica en las afueras de Houston. Es cliente de Cuadra desde hace cinco años y siempre le pregunta lo mismo al ver la cifra de la devolución de impuestos: ¿Y por qué me devuelven tan poquito?

Es soltera, no tiene dependientes y sus ingresos provienen de la misma fuente y bajo el mismo esquema de empleada que no tiene gastos para realizar su trabajo, revela Cuadra. Ardila tiene la misma costumbre que existe entre muchos contribuyentes y

worry about what’s heading south in addition to flowing north. And in Texas, residents firmly believe that reform itself would finally help steady the flow of people and drugs. These places have been transformed. Sealed? No. But as one border mayor asked: “How secure is secure?” ■■■ SAN DIEGO: From “banzai runs” to Brooks Brothers Don McDermott spent most of his 21 years in the Border Patrol working the San Diego sector. He remembers the “banzai runs,” when hordes of immigrants would storm inspection booths at one international crossing, scattering as they ran past startled motorists. Back then, migrants crossed with

>> Pag 4

que algunos preparadores de impuestos, y por supuesto el Servicio de Rentas Internas (IRS, por sus siglas en inglés), han detectado y recomiendan cambiar: No actualizan su formulario W4 o incluyen dependientes que no existen. Este formulario es importante para los empleadores al calcular la retención de una porción del salario de sus empleados,

>> Pag 2


2 Revise su formulario de retención de impuestos anualmente << Pag 1 con destino al pago del impuesto sobre el ingreso, cada vez que preparan el cheque de la nómina. Esa retención (withholding) depende de circunstancias propias de cada contribuyente, entre ellas si es soltero, casado o cabeza de familia, así como de la cantidad de dependientes. Como tales aspectos pueden cambiar, el IRS recomienda a los empleados revisar y actualizar el formulario al comienzo de cada año. “Es responsabilidad del contribuyente tener al día esa información”, comenta un técnico del IRS. Sin embargo, “hay empleadores que se molestan porque el contribuyente les pide el cambio, ya que esto implica modificaciones en sus bases de datos y les representa gastos y más trabajo”, dijo Cuadra. Desde que comenzó a trabajar, Ardila puso en su W4 que tiene un dependiente y que es casada. No ha cambiado el formulario desde entonces. Entre más dependientes tiene un contribuyente, la deducción para el pago del impuesto

sobre los ingresos es menor. Así mismo, el reglamento del IRS pone a los solteros en un nivel mayor para el pago de impuestos, frente a los casados y a los cabeza de familia. El día de pago Ardila lleva a casa más dinero del que sugiere su condición de contribuyente soltera y sin dependientes. Además no ahorra, porque su salario se le va en gastos. Pero la realidad muestra su cara en la temporada de impuestos. Los contribuyentes solteros, como Ardila, cuyas deducciones para impuestos se hicieron en condición de casados porque así lo dice su formulario W4, deben presentar la declaración bajo su estado civil verdadero y con el número real de dependientes que tienen. A pesar de todo, Ardila recibe reembolso porque “su salario no es muy alto”, dice Cuadra, quien tiene clientes que cometen el mismo error de no cambiar el W4 y no obtienen reembolso sino que pagan. Ellos siempre le hacen otra pregunta que es común en la temporada: ¿Y por qué debo pagar tanto? Hay contribuyentes cuyo nivel de ingresos los lleva a pagar impuestos a cambio de recibir reembolso, aunque ponen el

Denver programs help with tax prep By Joe Vaccarelli, YourHub

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COLABORADORES Francisco Miraval FORMULARIOS. En el tema de los impuestos se debe tener en cuenta que cada contribuyente tiene una realidad propia que puede cambiar con el tiempo, así como cambian las leyes tributarias. Viva Colorado número real de dependientes y su estado civil verdadero. Ellos tienen la opción de que les retengan una suma adicional en cada pago de su salario. Basta con pedirlo en el formulario mencionado. Es el momento de hacer los ajustes necesarios para que el próximo año no haya sorpresas al responderle al Tío Sam.

said Diane DiGiacomo, director of communications with the Piton Foundation. “I think it also introduces them to community service, which is very important.” DiGiacomo said anyone with a household income of less than $50,000 per year is eligible for this program. While other groups focus on specific groups such as seniors, this is open to anyone who fits that bill. She also said that while many people wait until April

En el tema de los impuestos se debe tener en cuenta que cada contribuyente tiene una realidad propia que puede cambiar con el tiempo, así como cambian las leyes tributarias. Es cuestión de adaptarse para cumplir las normas. El reglamento del IRS es uno pero, al aplicarlo, cada contribuyente es un caso

to do their taxes, most who are in this income demographic prefer to file as early as possible in order to get their refund. She said the program has already serviced about 3,000 taxpayers this year and has seen just over $7 million in refunds in the first two weeks of the program. Businesses are also able to benefit as the city launched the eBiz Tax Center at denvergov. org/ebiztax. “The target group is our businesses who interface with

VENTAS/SALES EJECUTIVOS DE VENTAS SALES EXECUTIVE

Edgar Carreno

totalmente diferente, destaca Cuadra, quien suele decirles a sus clientes: “Tenga en cuenta que en cuestiones de impuestos, no es lo mismo Juana que su hermana”.

ecarreno@vivacolorado.com 303.954.3380 Ninguna parte de este periódico puede ser reproducida sin el consentimiento del editor. La circulación de Viva Colorado es de 50.000 copias semanales lo cual está certificado por el Audit Bureau of Circulation.

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city on daily basis,” said Amber Miller, press secretary for Mayor Michael B. Hancock. “This is a great service that helps all of our businesses.” Hancock launched the program in December, allowing Denver businesses the ability to file taxes with the city online as well as access their records and get their refunds electronically.

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ith the joys of tax season here, there are opportunities for Denver residents and businesses to get help filing and getting those anticipated refunds. For residents, the Piton Foundation and the Colorado Community College System are partnering for a program that has expanded greatly since it

started a few years ago. The Tax Help Colorado program originated at the Community College of Aurora. Accounting students getting practice by doing taxes of those in need for free. The program is at 16 different colleges and 27 sites throughout the state. “It’s a good opportunity for students to practice what they have learned and a great service for the community,”

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We never second-guess a heart attack. Neither should you. At Denver Health, our paramedics respond to thousands of 911 calls for heart attack symptoms each year. So we know that most heart attacks start slowly with mild pain or discomfort. Often people aren’t sure what’s wrong and wait too long before getting help. If you’re experiencing chest pain or other symptoms like shortness of breath, pains in the upper body, nausea and dizziness, one thing is certain: Call 911 immediately, even if you’re not sure. It could be the best call you ever make. For more information about heart attacks and cardiac care, visit

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audacity — even played soccer on U.S. soil. The “soccer field” was too dangerous to patrol, so agents positioned themselves a half-mile out, waiting for nightfall when groups would make a run for freedom. “Hopefully you would catch more people that you saw going past you,” said McDermott, who retired in 2008. The tide turned when the U.S. government launched “Operation Gatekeeper” in 1994, modeled on a crackdown the previous year in El Paso, Texas. The effort brought 1,000 additional agents to San Diego. They parked their trucks against a rusting 8-foot-high fence made of Army surplus landing mats, and refused to yield an inch. They called it “marking the X.” As apprehension numbers fell, home values skyrocketed. In 2001, an outlet mall opened right along the border. It now counts Brooks Brothers and Coach as tenants. More than manpower helped to shut down the path into San Diego. An 18-foot-high steel mesh fence extending roughly 14 miles from the Pacific Ocean was completed in 2009, with razor wire topping about half of it. A dirt road traversing an area known as “Smugglers Gulch,” which border agents had to navigate slowly, was transformed into a flatter, all-weather artery at a cost of $57 million. This past year the Border Patrol’s San Diego sector, which covers 60 miles of land border, made fewer arrests than in El Paso

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Douglas, Ariz. The question of border security hits close to home to those who work the land in southern Arizona. It was here, in 2010, that cattle rancher Robert Krentz was gunned down while checking water lines on his property near Douglas. That same year, Border Patrol agent Brian Terry was killed in a shootout near Nogales with Mexican gunmen that brought attention to the federal government’s botched weapons-trafficking probe called “Fast and Furious.” “The border is not secure,” said Chilton. “Period. Exclamation mark.” Defining “secure border” in Arizona is never easy. Just The crackdowns in Texas and California in the 1990s turned Arizona’s border into the busiest for human smuggling for 15 years running. In Nogales, Sheriff Tony Estrada has a unique perspective on both border security and more comprehensive immigration reform. Born in Nogales, Mexico, Estrada grew up in Nogales, Ariz., after migrating to the U.S. with his parents. He has served as a lawman in the community since 1966. He blames border security issues not only on the cartels but on the American demand for drugs. Until that wanes, he said, nothing will change. And securing the border, he added, must be a constant, ever-changing effort that blends security and political support. “The drugs are going to keep coming. The people are going to keep coming. The only thing you can do is contain it as much as possible,” he said.

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been. How secure is secure?” he said. “Some people who come The U.S. border with Mexico has seen a major transformawith these ideas have no idea. tion in recent years as the government added thousands more agents, fencing and new technology. Apprehensions of “I wish they would come illegal immigrants have dropped significantly, while marijuana down here and see.” seizures have skyrocketed. A look at the nation’s four busiest But you don’t have to drive sectors for illegal crossings. too far into the New Mexico CALIF. desert to see problems. N.M. ARIZ. Marcus Martinez, the police Tucson El Paso TEXAS chief in Lordsburg, N.M., Sector San Sector Diego recalled an incident in January Sector where a hotel manager stepped out to have a cigarette and saw MEXICO a convoy of vehicles speeding Pacific through town. Four cars were Rio Grande Ocean Valley Sector eventually stopped — 80 miles north of the border — and 6 San Diego Tucson El Paso Rio Grande Valley tons of marijuana were seized. Patrick Green of the Border Patrol agent staffing: Border Patrol arrests: 5 thousand 700 thousand Hidalgo County Sheriff’s Office 600 in Lordsburg, said northbound 4 500 traffic is only part of the 3 400 problem. Even as people and 300 2 drugs are smuggled north, guns 200 and money are flowing back 1 100 south. He deals with constant 0 0 ’93 ’97 ’00 ’03 ’06 ’09 ’12 ’93 ’97 ’00 ’03 ’06 ’09 ’12 reports by homeowners and ranchers about break-ins. Arrests per agent: Border Patrol marijuana seizures: nnn 600 1.2 million pounds NOGALES, Ariz.: In nation’s 500 1 busiest illegal corridor, ranchers 400 .8 scoff at “secure” 300 .6 Everywhere he goes on 200 .4 his cattle ranch, Jim Chilton 100 .2 has a gun at the ready. He has 0 0 guns at his front door, guns ’99 ’02 ’04 ’06 ’08 ’10 ’12 ’93 ’97 ’00 ’03 ’06 ’09 ’12 in his pickup truck, guns on Note: Data shown are for the fiscal year beginning Oct. 1 through Sept.30 his horse’s saddle. His fear? SOURCE: U.S. Customs and Border Protection AP Coming across a bandit or a SECURE BORDER 02222013: Infographic provides smuggler on his land northwest of Nogales, Ariz. apprehensions plunged: from already in the U.S.details to on four Border Patrol sectors along the Charts286,000 show the Border Cattleman Gary Thrasher in number 1993 to of about preventing entry inSouthwest the first border.nearly Parol agents, arrests and marijuana seized over the frequently encounters 9,700 last fiscal year in the place, and the effect was almost past two decades.; 2c x 6.5 inches; with immigrants and smugglers El Paso Border Patrol sector, immediate: WithinBC-US--Immigration-Secure months, Border; DAK; ETA 12 running through his property. illegal crossings in p.m. El Paso went which encompasses 268 miles Some have showered in his West Texas across from up to 10,000 Editor’s a day toNote: 500, It isfrom mandatory to include allNew sources barn. He and his family live in Mexico. (Border Patrol staffing according to a Government that accompany this graphic when repurposing or editing it for publication constant dread. in the sector went from 608 Accountability Office report “They really have secured agents in 1993 to more than in 1994 called “BORDER the towns right along the 2,700 today.) CONTROL: Revised Strategy border, but what that does is To El Paso Mayor John Is Showing Some Positive it drives all the traffic out into Cook, hinging reform to Results.” the rural areas around here,” continued calls for a “secure Burglaries in border” seems absurd given the said Thrasher, a rancher and neighborhoods decreased. veterinarian for more than changes in his city. Car thefts went down. And, as 40 years on the border east of “It is as secure as it has ever happened later in San Diego,

The security of the border

Zuni St.

<< Pag 1

any year since 1968. Agents averaged 11 arrests each, a change that marvels veterans. Agents today may even pursue just one crosser over several shifts. “I’m not going to say it’s impossible, but it’s a lot more difficult to cross the border here,” said agency spokesman Steven Pitts. Now, other threats have emerged. U.S. authorities identified 210 human and drug smuggling attempts at sea during FY2012, up from 45 four years earlier. And nearly all of more than 70 drug smuggling tunnels found along the border since October 2008 have been discovered in the clay-like soil of San Diego and Tijuana, some complete with hydraulic lifts and rail cars. They’ve produced some of the largest marijuana seizures in U.S. history. nnn EL PASO, Texas: Steel bars still up; crossings and crime down Burglar bars still protect many a home in the Chihuahuita neighborhood near downtown El Paso, a reminder of a time when immigrant crossers would break in looking for food or trying to duck the Border Patrol. Carmen Silva recalls those days. At 90, she tells of migrants hiding under cars and in backyards. Now, she says: “Nobody comes through anymore.” In the early 1990s, El Paso ran second to San Diego in the number of undocumented immigrants coming north. Then, in 1993, the Border Patrol launched “Operation Hold the Line,” the first of a series of enforcement actions intended to gain “operational control” of the Southwest border. It was a shift in strategy from apprehending migrants

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03.01.13 | www.vivacolorado.com

5

Colorado GOP shows shifting immigrant tuition stance By Kristen Wyatt, AP

Republicanos modifican estrategia sobre migración

C

olorado Republicans appear to be changing their strategy on immigration, with several breaking ranks last week and joining Democrats in favor of in-state tuition for undocumented immigrants. The bill passed on Feb. 22 on an unrecorded voice vote that included three Republicans, thought to be the first in the Colorado Senate ever to vote for such a proposal. In-state tuition for undocumented immigrants has been considered for more than a decade in Colorado, but the measures were defeated each time by lawmakers from both parties. Over the years, as Colorado’s Latino population exploded, Democrats came to unify behind the tuition measure. Last week’s Senate vote showed at least some Republicans are changing their minds, too. “I want the GOP to become the Grand Opportunity Party,” said Republican Sen. Greg Brophy of Wray, who has voted against in-state tuition proposals before. Brophy said his mind was changed by ambitious young Latinos in his rural eastern Colorado hometown. “They can’t leave here to go home, because they are home,” Brophy said. Brophy was joined by two freshmen Republicans, Sens. Larry Crowder of Alamosa and Owen Hill of Colorado Springs. Most in the GOP still opposed the tuition measure. But they took pains to argue they aren’t anti-Latino, but critical of an overall immigration system that is flawed. After the Democratic sponsor of the tuition told a story about a young high school graduate forced home

INMIGRACION

Por Kristen Wyatt, AP

advocate. State Sen. Michael Johnston, D-Denver, speaks in the Colorado Senate chamber at the State Capitol in favor of Senate Bill 33. The bill passed on Feb. 22 on a voice vote that included three Republicans, thought to be the first in the Colorado Senate ever to vote for such a proposal. Daniel Petty, The Denver Post

to Mexico’s dangerous Ciudad Juarez, the Senate’s lead Republican stood to make clear that the Republican Party doesn’t oppose immigration or young people seeking an education. “We are a very generous people,” insisted Sen. Bill Cadman, R-Colorado Springs. Other Republicans tried and failed to amend the bill to get rid of out-of-state tuition entirely, saying people from neighboring Kansas or Wyoming should have lower rates, too. Some argued that the tuition bill is a Democratic attempt to gloss over the deep immigration problems this

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sentiment. “I guess some people just want them to graduate and flip burgers ... (but) it’s time to realize we are a melting pot,” Crowder said. Hill talked about visiting the Statue of Liberty as a child. “It is not that I love law less, but I love liberty more,” Hill said. After clearing the Senate on Monday the measure now heads to the House, which has defeated tuition proposals in the past. This year, the House is in Democratic hands, and the bill is expected to pass. Gov. John Hickenlooper has said he’ll sign the bill into law.

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nation faces. “Our bureaucracies are broken, and by passing bills like this, we are taking pressure off Congress to act,” said Sen. Scott Renfroe, R-Greeley. However, the debate highlights came when Brophy and the freshmen Republicans explained why they favored the tuition bill. Crowder talked of growing up in southern Colorado surrounded by Latino immigrants, both legal and not. “Until the federal government steps up to the plate and fixes this problem, we’ve got to do something,” argued Crowder, who went on to decry anti-immigrant

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DENVER — Algunos republicanos en Colorado cambiaron aparentemente su estrategia sobre inmigración, al romper filas la semana pasada y sumarse a los demócratas a favor de que se cobren las matrículas universitarias estatales a inmigrantes sin permiso para residir en Estados Unidos. El proyecto de ley al respecto fue aprobado en una votación oral sin precedentes el 22 de febrero que incluyó a tres republicanos, que se cree son los primeros que favorecen este tipo de iniciativa en el Senado de Colorado. Los cobros de las matrículas universitarias estatales a los inmigrantes no autorizados han estado en consideración durante más de una década en Colorado, pero legisladores de ambos partidos habían rechazado la medida cada vez que era sometida a votación. Al paso de los años y ante el gran incremento de la población hispana en Colorado, los demócratas unificaron su postura en torno a las matrículas. La votación de la semana pasada en el Senado mostró que al menos algunos republicanos han comenzado también a cambiar de parecer. “Quiero que el Partido Republicano se convierta en el Gran Partido de las Oportunidades”, dijo el senador de esa fuerza política, Greg Brophy, quien había votado en contra de las anteriores iniciativas similares. “No pueden partir de aquí para regresar a su país, porque ellos están en su país”, dijo Brophy, de Wray. Al legislador se sumaron otros dos senadores republicanos de primer año, Larry Crowder, de Alamosa, y Owen Hill, de Colorado Springs. La mayoría en el Partido Republicano todavía se opone a la medida de las matrículas estatales para los inmigrantes no autorizados. Sin embargo, ese sector hizo grandes esfuerzos para argumentar que no es antihispanos, sino crítico del sistema general de inmigración. Después de que el legislador demócrata que impulsó la medida contara la historia de un joven que salió de la secundaria y se le obligó a regresar a la peligrosa Ciudad Juárez en México, el principal republicano en el Senado puso claro que su partido no se opone a la inmigración o a los jóvenes que buscan educación. “Somos personas muy

generosas”, insistió el senador republicano Bill Cadman, de Colorado Springs. Otros republicanos intentaron y fracasaron en enmendar la iniciativa para eliminar totalmente las matrículas universitarias que se cobran a estudiantes procedentes de otros estados, y afirmaron que esas personas de las vecinas Kansas o Wyoming también deberían recibir las tarifas estatales. Algunos argumentaron que la iniciativa sobre el cobro de las matrículas estatales es un intento demócrata para disimular los profundos problemas migratorios que enfrenta la nación. “Nuestra burocracia está rota, y al aprobar iniciativas como ésta, estamos quitando presión al congreso para que actúe”, dijo el senador republicano Scott Renfroe, de Greeley. Sin embargo, los puntos destacados del debate correspondieron a Brophy y los nuevos legisladores republicanos cuando explicaron por qué apoyaron la iniciativa de las matrículas estatales. Crowder dijo que había crecido en el sur de Colorado rodeado de inmigrantes hispanos, tanto legales como no autorizados. “Hasta que el gobierno federal asuma su responsabilidad y corrija este problema, tenemos que hacer algo”, dijo Crowder, quien censuró el sentimiento anti-inmigrante. “Supongo que algunas personas quieren que ellos se gradúen y hagan trabajos de baja remuneración... (sin embargo) llegó la hora de reconocer que somos un crisol”, señaló Crowder. Hill habló de cuando visitó de niño la Estatua de la Libertad. “No es que ame menos la ley, sino es que amo más la libertad”, dijo Hill. Tras una votación formal el lunes, la medida fue remitida a la Cámara de Representantes, donde fueron rechazadas antes este tipo de iniciativas. Este año, la Cámara de Representantes está en manos demócratas y es previsible la aprobación de la iniciativa. El gobernador demócrata John Hickenlooper dijo que firmará la iniciativa para la ulterior promulgación de ésta como ley. En Oregón, estaba previsto que otra iniciativa similar fuera sometida a votación en la Cámara de Representantes local. Conforme al proyecto de ley, debe cobrarse las matrículas universitarias estatales a los inmigrantes no autorizados que se gradúen de la secundaria en Oregón.

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03.01.13 | www.vivacolorado.com

Mediterraneanstyle diets found to cut heart risks

By Marilynn Marchione, AP

P

our on the olive oil, preferably over fish and vegetables: One of the longest and most scientific tests of a Mediterranean diet suggests this style of eating can cut the chance of suffering heart-related problems, especially strokes, in older people at high risk of them. The study lasted five years and involved about 7,500 people in Spain. Those who ate Mediterranean-style with lots of olive oil or nuts had a 30 percent lower risk of major cardiovascular problems compared to those who were told to follow a low-fat diet but who in reality, didn’t cut fat very much. Mediterranean meant lots of fruit, fish, chicken, beans, tomato sauce, salads, and wine and little baked goods and pastries. Mediterranean diets have long been touted as heart-healthy, but that’s based on observational studies that can’t prove the point. The new research is much stronger because people were assigned diets to follow for a long time and carefully monitored. Doctors even did lab tests to verify that the Mediterranean diet folks were consuming more olive oil or nuts as recommended. Most of these people were taking medicines for high cholesterol and blood pressure, and researchers did not alter those proven treatments, said one study leader, Dr. Ramon Estruch of Hospital Clinic in Barcelona. But as a first step to prevent heart problems, “we think diet is better than

a drug” because it has few if any side effects, Estruch said. “Diet works.” Results were published online Monday by the New England Journal of Medicine and were discussed at a nutrition conference in California. People in the study were not given rigid menus or calorie goals because weight loss was not the aim. That could be why they found the “diets” easy to stick with — only about 7 percent dropped out within two years. There were twice as many dropouts in the low-fat group than among those eating Mediterranean-style. Researchers also provided the nuts and olive oil, so it didn’t cost participants anything to use these relatively pricey ingredients. The type of oil may have mattered — they used extra-virgin olive oil, which is minimally processed and richer than regular or light olive oil in the chemicals and nutrients that earlier studies have suggested are beneficial. The study involved people ages 55 to 80, just over half of them women. All were free of heart disease at the start but were at high risk for it because of health problems — half had diabetes and most were overweight and had high cholesterol and blood pressure. They were assigned to one of three groups: Two followed a Mediterranean diet supplemented with either extravirgin olive oil (4 tablespoons a day) or with walnuts, hazelnuts and almonds (a fistful a day). The third group was urged to eat a low-fat diet heavy on bread, potatoes, pasta, rice, fruits,

vegetables and fish and light on baked goods, nuts, oils and red meat. Independent monitors stopped the study after nearly five years when they saw fewer problems in the two groups on Mediterranean diets. Doctors tracked a composite of heart attacks, strokes or heart-related deaths. There were 96 of these in the Mediterranean-olive oil group, 83 in the Mediterranean-nut group and 109 in the low-fat group. Looked at individually, stroke was the only problem where type of diet made a big difference. Diet had no effect on death rates overall. The Mediterranean diet proved better even though its followers ate about 200 calories more per day than the low-fat group did. The study leaders now are analyzing how each of the diets affected weight gain or loss and body mass index. The Spanish government’s health research agency initiated and paid for the study, and foods were supplied by olive oil and nut producers in Spain and the California Walnut Commission. Many of the authors have extensive financial ties to food, wine and other industry groups but said the sponsors had no role in designing the study or analyzing and reporting its results. Rachel Johnson, a University of Vermont professor who heads the American Heart Association’s nutrition committee, said the study is very strong because of the lab tests to verify oil and nut consumption and because researchers tracked actual

good food. Mediterranean diets have long been touted as heart-healthy, but that’s based on observational studies that can’t prove the point. The new research is much stronger because people were assigned diets to follow for a long time and were carefully monitored. Viva Colorado

heart attacks, strokes and deaths — not just changes in risk factors such as high cholesterol. “At the end of the day, what we care about is whether or not disease develops,” she said. “It’s an important study.” Rena Wing, a weight-loss expert at Brown University, noted that researchers provided the oil and nuts, and said “it’s not clear if people could get the same results from self-designed Mediterranean diets.” Dr. George Bray of the Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, La., said he would give the study “a positive — even glowing — comment” and called it “the best and certainly one of the largest prospective

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03.01.13 | www.vivacolorado.com

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Clásico: Venezuela presenta equipo de toleteros Por Jorge Rueda, AP CARACAS, Venezuela — Pese a la ausencia de varios de sus mejores lanzadores, Venezuela apuesta a una ofensiva de alto calibre para pelear por el título del tercer Clásico Mundial de Béisbol. La nómina de 28 jugadores, que incluye varios jugadores de los Rockies, fue oficializada la semana pasada por el comité organizador local, que confirmó la presencia de los poderosos bates de Miguel Cabrera y Pablo Sandoval. “Es motivo de alegría tener a un jugador más valioso de su liga (Cabrera) y otro de una Serie Mundial (Sandoval). Tenemos un equipo balanceado que, sin duda, debe ser uno de los mejores del Clásico”, dijo Edwin Zerpa, presidente de la Federación Venezolana de Béisbol y miembro del Comité Organizador. Los miembros del comité destacaron la delicada labor de decidir entre decenas de jugadores de calidad, más allá de la negativa de algunos a participar. “Sin duda, lo más complejo resultó el seleccionar los nombres que debían

acompañarnos. El grupo de jugadores venezolanos en las Grandes Ligas y de otras ligas evidenció un gran compromiso de ellos por representar al país, y más allá del talento, eso hizo mucho más difícil realizar cada escogencia”, dijo Carlos Miguel Oropeza, gerente general del equipo, citado en un comunicado. “Ciertamente hubo deserciones, pero respetamos la decisión o el motivo que impidió a algunos vestir el uniforme vinotinto”, indicó. “Nunca buscamos conformar un equipo de súper estrellas. Trabajamos por tener un equipo de beisbol competitivo, con roles definidos y precisamente por esto último no se incluyeron a ciertos jugadores, ya que consideramos que era mejor para ellos permanecer en sus organizaciones que estar en la banca de la selección”. El gran ausente será Félix Hernández, quien había manifestado su intención de participar en el Clásico, pero el derecho de los Marineros de Seattle cambió de parecer y prefirió permanecer en los campos de entrenamiento por la firma de un millonario contrato. Hernández, ganador del Cy Young de

n Lanzadores: Henderson Alvarez (Miami), Ronald Belisario (Los Angeles), Jhoulys Chacín (Colorado), Juan Rincón (Bridgeport, liga independiente, EEUU), Enrique González (Diablos Rojos, México), Deolis Guerra (Minnesota), Cesar Jiménez (Filadelfia), Wilfredo Ledezma (Chiba Lotte Marines, Japón), José Mijares (San Francisco), Ramón Ramírez (Diablos Rojos, México), Alex Torres (Tampa), Francisco Rodríguez (agente libre), Carlos Zambrano (agente libre) y Aníbal Sánchez (Detroit).

n Receptores: Ramón Hernández (Colorado), Miguel Montero (Arizona) y Salvador Pérez (Kansas City). n Infielders: Elvis Andrus (Texas), Asdrúbal Cabrera (Cleveland), Omar Infante (Detroit), Miguel Cabrera (Detroit), Mario Lissón (México), Pablo Sandoval (San Francisco) y Marco Scutaro (San Francisco). n Jardineros: Carlos González (Colorado), Gerardo Parra (Arizona) y Martín Prado (Arizona), Alex Romero (agente libre).

la Liga Americana en 2010, suscribió el 13 de febrero un pacto por siete años y 175 millones de dólares. La ausencia del ganador de dos premios Cy Young, Johan Santana, fue ratificada días después por los Mets de Nueva York. La gerencia de los Mets señaló que Santana, en efecto, no era apto para representar a Venezuela, a menos que la organización del Clásico acordara asegurar su contrato con el equipo neoyorquino, ya que terminó la temporada pasada en la lista de lesionados. Santana también se perdió la edición de 2009 debido a que se

recuperaba de una operación. Las bajas de Hernández y Santana se sumaron a las de otros jugadores como el lanzador Edgmer Escalona, de los Rockies de Colorado, quienes mencionaron desde prohibiciones para jugar y la aspiración personal de asegurar un puesto en las mayores. El equipo venezolano es dirigido por Luis Sojo, que ganó las series mundiales de 1996, 1998, 1999 y 2000 con los Yanquis. Para Sojo será su tercera incursión como manager en el Clásico. “Muy a pesar de las bajas que tuvimos a última hora, debo decir

Rapids re-sign midfielder Jaime Castrillon T

he Rapids have re-signed midfielder Jaime Castrillon, the team’s leading scorer during the 2012 season with eight goals, restructuring the player’s deal for the 2013 season, the team announced last week. Castrillon will soon undergo knee surgery for a condition that was diagnosed following the 2012 season. “Jaime made great contributions to our club in the 2012 season, and we wanted to make sure he got the medical care he

needs for his knee,” said Rapids technical director Paul Bravo in a statement. “We decided that even if Jaime is unable to play for the next several months, it was important for his career and his future to get treatment for his knee, and that re-signing the player for 2013 was the right thing to do.” Castrillon, 29, joined the Rapids ahead of the 2012 season and immediately made an impact for the club, playing 30 matches

que este equipo está muy bien estructurado. Si tuviera que definirlo en una palabra, sería balanceado”, dijo Sojo, citado en el comunicado. “Tenemos de todo un poco”. Se espera que la ofensiva sea la principal virtud de los venezolanos con la presencia de jugadores de la talla de Cabrera, artillero de los Tigres de Detroit que ganó la Triple Corona de bateo al encabezar las categorías de promedio, jonrones y carreras impulsadas la pasada campaña. Otra pieza clave en el equipo venezolano es Sandoval, que fue galardonado como el Jugador Más Valioso de la Serie Mundial, que ganaron los Gigantes de San Francisco, tras batear tres jonrones en un juego y redondear un promedio ofensivo de .500. El cuerpo técnico incluye además el ex inicialista Andrés Galarraga, convocado en cinco ocasiones al Juego de Estrellas, y dos veces ganador del Guante de Oro. Venezuela debuta el 7 de marzo contra República Dominicana, y luego se mide ante Puerto Rico y España en la fase de grupos que se disputará en el estadio Hiram Bithorn de San Juan.

Equipo

(29 starts), with eight goals and four assists. The Colombian had long been a standout for Independiente Medellín in his native country before coming to MLS, and has also earned 29 caps for his national team. Following the 2012 season, doctors found a condition in Castrillon’s right knee, and his contract option for 2013 was not exercised as he received additional medical information. The Rapids recently restructured Castrillon’s deal to bring him

back for 2013, and his expected time out due to knee surgery is approximately 4-5 months. Colorado opens the 2013 regular season on March 2 at FC Dallas, then returns home on March 9 for the home opener against the Philadelphia Union.

will be played in front of a sellout crowd, according to ussoccer.com. The game, to be played at 8 p.m. March 22, will be shown nationally by ESPN. The top three teams emerging from a 10-game, round-robin format in the six-team Hexagonal — U.S., Costa Rica, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico and Panama — will advance to the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil. The fourth-place team will compete in a two-leg playoff against the champion from the Oceania Confederation. The Denver Post

n U.S.-Costa Rica World Cup qualifier in Commerce City a sellout The FIFA World Cup qualifier between the United States and Costa Rica at Dick’s Sporting Goods Park in Commerce City

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03.01.13 | www.vivacolorado.com

Latinas share challenging journey to success in PBS documentary

By Laressa Watlington

E

ven though graduating from high school, getting married and having a family was considered the norm for young women in the 1950s, many had other career aspirations. However, this path wasn’t always an easy one. Good luck if you needed a business loan. Only a man could sign the paperwork required to borrow funds from the bank, recalls Linda Alvarado, CEO and president of Alvarado Construction in Denver and co-owner of the Colorado Rockies. Against many odds – and much soul-searching – women like Alvarado became successful in male-dominated fields, leading the way for a new generation of CEOs, engineers, scientists and athletes. “You don’t have to be a man to succeed in a male-dominated field, you have to be a woman who steps up, takes some risks and pursues her dreams. The difference is that while some people take action, other people continue to dream,” said Alvarado. But now, those “dreamers” may find inspiration in the stories of dozens of prominent women featured in the documentary “Makers: Women Who Make America,” which premiered on PBS on Feb. 26.

The three-hour film narrated by Meryl Streep chronicles how women have transformed virtually every aspect of American life over the last 50 years. The “makers” were the daring women who ventured out of the house to lead the women’s liberation movement. They broke barriers and became emblems in the fight for equality. The film recounts the challenges faced by women then and now, from shattering the glass ceiling to the realization that “having it all” is not all that easy. Many of those trailblazers were Latinas like Alvarado, whose courage paved the way for other talented women in their fields. There is the story of Lydia Villa-Komaroff, a molecular biologist whose outstanding career inspired her to fight the perception that “women could not be scientists,” and the story of pioneer Latina writer Sandra Cisneros, author of the book “House on Mango Street,” which has been translated in 20 languages and sold 6 million copies. Filmmaker and founder of “Makers” Dyllan McGee said that the mission of the documentary and its accompanying website, www.makers.com, which features short, individual narratives, is to change the way

‘Bendíceme, Ultima’ llega a la pantalla grande Por E.J. Támara, AP LOS ANGELES — La clásica novela mexico-estadounidense “Bendíceme, Ultima” sobre una familia pobre de Nuevo México en los años tras la Segunda Guerra Mundial llegará el viernes a los cines estadounidenses en una adaptación dirigida por Carl

Franklin. Al igual que en el libro de Rudolfo Anaya, la historia de la familia Márez Luna es contada a través de los ojos del pequeño Tony, de 7 años, quien vive con sus padres y hermanas en los llanos de Nuevo México. La vida de Tony (Luke Ganalon) cambia cuando conoce a Última (Miriam Colón), una curandera vieja

que para muchas personas es una bruja. Tony no le tiene miedo y absorbe la sabiduría Última, quien al librar batallas contra las fuerzas del mal pone a prueba las creencias de la gente del pueblo. “Para mí, la película se trata de lo que significa Dios para ti y como un uno puede llamarlo magia, Iglesia, amor, determinación, pasión, pero realmente en nuestras vidas tenemos que pensar, sabes, qué es lo que significa para nosotros”, dijo Benito Martínez, quien da vida a Gabriel, el padre de Tony.

women’s history is taught. “There has been a need to preserve these stories on a large scale. Women need to be inserted in history and that is the hope of this project, that we can find that voice for women so that history books and history websites can now make sure that women from all walks of life, their stories are told,” she said. McGee said that other women around the world will have a chance to add to the video archive on the website by telling their own stories. Alvarado hopes that the film will inspire the next generation to continue the work on behalf of gender equality and women’s rights, at home and abroad. “We are not completely there but certainly we have made progress,” she said. “We need to join together to assist women in other countries where they have no choices and cannot go to school. We made a difference in this country, let us do that again.” For more information about the film TRAILBLAZER. Denver entrepreneur Linda Alvarado in ‘Makers: Women and to view Alvarado’s interview, visit Who Make America.’ In the film Alvarado recounts her journey to success in makers.com. Colorado. Makers.com La cinta también habla sobre un grupo especial de estadounidenses, aquellos cuyos ancestros habitaban los territorios del oeste cuando aún eran parte de México. “Muestra una imagen de los latinos que no ha sido vista en mucho tiempo”, dijo Martínez. “Nosotros somos de Nuevo México. Nosotros no cambiamos de lugar, nos movieron la frontera. Todos esos territorios (del oeste) eran México y movieron la frontera y nos convertimos en residentes de Nuevo México. Así que si tomas eso en cuenta, yo soy

como mexico-estadounidense de décimo novena generación”, agregó el actor originario de Albuquerque. Martínez sintió empatía por la novela de 1972 no sólo porque se desarrolla en su estado natal, sino porque refleja otra realidad de los hispanos en Estados Unidos. Anaya, quien es profesor emérito de Lengua en la Universidad de Nuevo México y recibió la Medalla Nacional de las Artes en 2001, colaboró con Franklin en la realización del filme que, diferencia de su novela, no abunda en el

camino hacia la madurez de Tony y omite elementos de realismo mágico. El escritor, originario de Pastura, Nuevo México, quedó contento con el producto final, según Martínez. “Le encantó lo que hicimos. Le gustó ver como todo cobraba vida’’, dijo el actor. “Bendíceme, Ultima” cuenta también con actuaciones de los mexicano Joaquín Cosío, como Narciso, y Dolores Heredia, como María, la madre de Tony. El filme fue financiado por Christy Walton, heredera de familia Walton propietaria de Wal-Mart.

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030113_What does a secure border look like?  

Venezuela va con alto calibre al Clásico Mundial de Béisbol. Pg. 7 Rapids re-sign midfi elder Jaime Castrillon. Pg. 7 Mediterraneanstyle d...

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