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Gypfspd;Fuy;

04.06.2004 md; W fpspnehr; r papy; jkpo; vOj;Jyfpd; %j;j gj;jphpifahsh; jpU.v];.vk;.Nfhghyuj;jpdk; (NfhG) mth;fs; jkpoPo Njrpaj; jiyth; NkjF Nt.gpughfud; mth;fspdhy; tpUJtoq;fp nfsutpf;fg;gl;lhh;.

02

,e;j rkhjhd murpay; fhyj; jpy; rpq;fs muR vij eilKiwg;gLj;j tpUk;Gfpd;wJ? Neu;ikahd murpay; jPu;itah! my;yJ> Nfhukhd rjp murpaiyah! ,d;W> kl;lf;fsg;G khtl;lj;jpy; murgilfspd; MjuTld; njhlu;rr ; pahf elhj;jg;gl;LtUk; gLnfhiyfs; Nkw; Fwpj;j Nfs;tpfisNa vOg;Gfpd;wd. GyptPuu;fs; - Gj;jp[Ptpfs; Clf tpayhsu;fs; vd;W Kj;jsj;jpy; jdJ nfhiy murpaiy rpq;fs muR fl;l tpo;jJ ; tpl;Ls;sJ. ,Jtiu xU lrpD f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l Njrg;gw;whsu;fs; ,jw;Fg; gypahfpAs;sdu;. jkpoupd; If;fpaKk; - jkpo;j; NjrpaKNk ,e;jf; nfhiy murpaypd; gpujhd FwpahFk;. mNjNtis> Gypfs; ,af;fj;jpd; nghWikiaf; Fiyf;Fk; ehrfhuj; jpl;lKk; mjpy; mlq;fpAs;sJ. ,e;jj; juq;nfl;l je;jpNuhghaq; fis cldbahf epWj;Jk;gb Gypfs; ,af;fk; gy jlitfs; muir vr;rupj; Js;sJ. MapDk;> mur jug;G mjw;Fr; nrtprha;g;gjhfj; njupatpy;iy. #o;rr ; pfSf;Fk; nfhiyntwpf;Fk; ngau;Nghd rpq;fsj; jsgjpfis fpof;F khfhzj;jpw;Fg; Gjpjhf epakpj;J jdJ gioa ,uhZtf; fLk;Nghf;ifNa rpq; fs muR ,g;NghJk; eilKiwg;gLj;j tpUk;Gfpd;wJ. <oj;jkpoupd; tuyhw;wpy; vd;Wkpy; yhj msTf;F ,d;W jkpo;kf;fspil Naahd xw;Wik jisj;Njhq;fpAs;sJ. fle;j ,UgJtUl fhyj;jpw;Fk; Nkyhd MAjg;Nghuhl;lj;jpd; %yk; Gypfs; ,af; fk; tsu;j;njLj;j jkpo;j; Njrpaj;jpd; vOr;rpjhd; ,e;j ,d xw;Wikf;F mbj; jskhfTs;sJ. ,it rpq;fsg; Ngupdthjj;jhy; [P u zpf; f Kbahj jkpoupd; murpay; mk;rq;fshFk;. ve;j tifapyhtJ ,tw; iwg; gytPdg;gLj;j rpq;fs muR Jbf;

fpd;wJ. gPjpA+l;Lk; njhlu; nfhiyntwpr; nray;fs;%yk; jkpo;g; Gj;jp[PtpfisAk; - jkpo; Clftpayhsu;fisAk; jkpou; Nghuhl;l murpaypypUe;J js;spapUf;fr; nra;tpf;f rpq;fs muR Kidfpd;wJ. ,NjNtis JNuhfp fUzhtpd; ngaiug; gad;gLj;jp jkpou; Njrpaj;ij - jkpou; xw;Wikia rpijf;fTk; rpq;fs muR jpl;lkpl;Lr; nraw;gLfpd;wJ. rpq;fs murpd; ,e;jr; rjp murpay;; jw;Nghija rkhjhd Kd;ndLg;ig rhf bf;Fk; msTf;F fLik tha;ej ; J. jkpo; - rpq;fs Njrpa ,dg;gpur;rpidf;fhd jPu;T Kaw;rpia murpay; jlj;jpypUe;J ,uhZtg; ghijf;F jpirjpUg;gpr; nry; Yk; Mgj;ijAk; nfhz;lJ. jkpoupd; tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;ij rpijf;f rpq;fs muRfs; vj;jidNah #o;rr ; pj; jpl;lq;fis fle;j fhyq;fspy;> eilKiwg;gLj;jpg; ghu;j;jJ. ,Wjpapy;> mit vy;yhtw;wpYk; gLNjhy;tpfisNa fz;lJ. ,g;NghJk; mg;gbahdnjhU #o; r;rp Kaw;rpapy; rpq;fsk; ,wq;fpAs;sJ. ,jpy; ntw;wpngw rpq;fsj;jhy; KbahJ. ,ij czu;e;J ,j;jifa Nftykhd rjp murpaiy rpq;fs muR iftpl Ntz;Lk; vd;W Gypfs; ,af;fk; Nfl;Lf; nfhs;fpd;wJ. ,dptUk; ehl;fspy; ,j;jifa nfhiyj;jhf;Fjy;fs; njhlUkhapd; rkh jhdg; Ngr;R vd;gJ mu;jj ; kw;Wg;NghFk;. Gypfs; ,af;fk; jw;Nghija rkh jhdr; #oiy tpUk;Gfpd;wJ. ,e;jr; #oy;> Ngr;Rthu;ji ; j vd;w mLj;j fl;lj; jpw;F efu;tij> Gypfs; MtYld; vjpu; ghu;f;fpd;wdu;. Mdhy;> rpq;fs muR ,ij tpUk; ghky; re;ju;g;gthj murpaypYk; - rjp murpaypYk; <Lgl;lhy; mjd; tpisTf Sf;Fk; rpq;fs muNr nghWg;Ngw;f Ntz;Lk;.

Ik;gJ Mz;LfSf;Fk; Nkyhf Clfj;Jiwapy;> Fwpg;ghf gj; j hpifAyfpy; gzpahw; w pa jpU.Nfhghyuj; j pdk; mth; f s; jdJ vOj;Jf;fspdhy; jkpo;j; Njrpaj;jpw;Fk;> jkpo; ,dj;jpd; vOr;rpf;Fk; kfj;jhd Nritahw;wpAs;shh;. fle;j Ik;gJ Mz;Lfshf <oj;jkpohpd; gj;jphpifj;Jiw tsh;rr; papy; ngUk; gq;fhw;wpa jpU.Nfhghyuj;jpdk; mth;fs;> vOj;Jyfk; MAjKidapd; mr; R Wj; j Yf; F s; s hf; f g; g l; l > neUf; f bahd fhyfl;lq;fspYk; jdJ vOj;jhw;wypdhy; cz;ik epiyia kf;fspd;Kd; #rfkhfg; Ghpaitj;j mw;Gjkhd gj;jphpifahsd;. <oj; j pd; fzprkhd ehNsLfspd; Muk; g tsh; r ; r pAk; jpU.Nfhghyuj;jpdk; mth;fspd; gpd;dzpAlNdNa rPhi ; kngw;wJ vd;gJ kWf;fKbahjJ. epfo;fhyj;ij vjph;fhyj;Jld; ,izf;Fk; jdJ vOj;J ty;yikapdhy;> capNuhl;lkhd gilg;GfisAk; mtw;wpd; jiyg;Gf;fisAk; cUthf;Fk; Mw;wypdhy; vOj;Jyfpy; xU jdpaplj;ij jdf;nfd mikj;Jf;nfhz;lhh;. mij jdJ ,dj;jpd; tpLjiyf;fhd vOj;Jf;fshf> jdJ kf;fspd; tpopg;Gzh;Tf;fhd vOj;Jf;fshf khw;wpath;. gj; j phpifAyfpy; > jdJ vOj; J f; f shy; jkpo; j ; Njrpaj; j pd; vOr;rpf;Fk; mjd; tsh;rr; pf;Fk; ,ilawhJ mth; Mw;wptUk; Nritiag; ghuhl;ba jiyth; mth;fs; Gypr;rpd;dk; gjpj;j ghpirAk; mtUf;F toq;fp nfsutpj;jhh;. ,e;j cd;dj epfo;itnaz;zpg; ngUkfpo;TWk; jkpoPo NjrKk; tpLjiyg;Gypfs; ,af;fKk; ,dpAk; mth; jdJ gj;jphpifg; gzp%yk; <oj;jkpo; Njrpaj;jpw;F cu%l;Lthh; vd tho;jJ ; fpwJ.

(01 k; gf; f j; njhlh; r ; r p...) NyNa mk;ikahupd; gilapdu; Mu;tk; fhl;Lfpd;wdu;. mk;ikahupd; nrhy;iyAk; - nra iyAk; ru;tNjr r%fk; ed;whf Muha;eJ ; ghu;jJ ; > mtUf;F murpay; - nghUz;kpa mOj;jq;fisf; nfhLj;J rkhjhdg; Ngr; rpy; Neu;ikia filg;gpbf;fr; nra;tpf;f Ntz;baJ ru;tNjrj;jpd; jiyaha flg; ghlhf cs;sJ. fbdkhd - Fog;gfukhd rkhjhdg; Ngr;Rf;fisj; jtpu;jJ ; vspik ahd - gbg;gbahd rkhjhdg; Ngr;Rf;fis ,U gFjpapdUk; elhj;JtNj rkhjhdg; Ngr;Rf;fis ntw;wpngwr; nra;Ak;. ,e;j cz;ikia ru;tNjr r%fk; mk;ikah Uf;F ciwf;Fk;gb nrhy;yNtz;Lk;. ,y;iyNay;> ru;tNjr r%fj;jpd; cjtpAld; fle;j %d;whz;Lfshf Nghlg; gl;l rkhjhdj;jpwf ; hd mj;jpthuk; jfu;eJ ; Ngha;tpLk;. kPzL ; k; ,yq;ifj;jT P ,uj;jf; fsup kpFe;j ehlhf khwptpLk;. vdNt> Nghuh! rkhjhdkh! vd;w Nfs;tpf;fhd tpil> ,d;iwa epiyiag; nghWj;jtifapy;> cjtptoq;Fk; ehLf spd; nraw;ghl;bNyNa ngupJk; jq;fpAs; sJ vdyhk;.

itfhrp-2004


\\xU tiuaWf;fg;gl;l fhyj; jpw;F jkJ Njrpa ,dj;jpd; tpLjiyf; fhf ,uhrje;jpug;Nghiuf; ifahz;L ghJ fhg;gNj nghUj;jkhdJ. mj;jifa fhyg; gFjpapy; cyfkhw;wk; kPz;Lk; epfOk;. Vnddpy; cNuhk rhkpuhr;rpak; Nghd;Nwh mnkupf;f rf;fuhjpgj;jpak; epiyahdJk; njhlu;rr ; pahdJkhd vOr;rpia Vw;gLj;j Kbahj cyfka #oYf;Fs; mfg;gl;Ls; sJ. cyf kakhf;fj;jpd; fPo; Vw;gl;LtUk; mjpu;r;rp jUk; jpBu; khw;wq;fs; cyfj; ijr; RUf;fpaJ Nghd;Nw fhy msit Ak; Ntfkhf RUf;fp tpLfpd;wJ|| jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;jpd; tPr;rhdJ cz;ikfistplf; fw;gid fisNa cz;ikfshf;fptpLk; mw;Gjq; fis epfo;jj ; ty;yJ. \\mjpu;rr ; p jUk; jpBu; khw;wq;fs;|| ,q;Fk; fhy msit RUf;fp tpLfpd;wd. Nju;jy;tiu vt;tsT Js;spf; Fjpjj ; hu;fs;? ghJfhg;gpwF ; gq;fnkd murh q;fnkhd;iwNa fiyj;jhu;fs;? vd;ndd;d nty;yhk; Ngrpdhu;fs;? ,g;NghNjh thalq; fpg; Ngha;tpl;lhu;fs;. gpuhe;jpa cyf murp ay; muq;fpNyw;gLk; Ez;zpa khw;wq;fs; fz;L jpifj;Jg; NghAs;shu;fs;. ,it ahtw;wpidAk; njhFj;Jg; ghu;fF ; k;nghOJ tuyhW ,g;gpuhe;jpaj;jpy; Gjpa khw;w nkhd;iw Ntz;bepw;gij GupaKbfpd;wJ. cyfehLfs; ,uhrje;jpu mZFKiw

fSf;F Kjd;ikaspj;J nraw;gLk; ,d; iwa Ntisapy; tpLjiyg;Gypfs; jkJ ,Ug;gpid> ,uhrje;jpu nraw;ghLfis cyf xOq;fpd; nghwpKiwfSf;Nfw;g \\cWjpg;gLj;jpapUg;gJ|| fz;L fjpu; fhku;> tpky; Vd; rdhjpgjp $l> fyq;fpj; jhd; NghapUf;fpd;whu;fs;. xU ,dj;jpd; tpLjiy mjw;F jiyikjhq;fp NghuhLk; tpLjiyaikg;G ,tw;wpd; gupkhzq;fis GupaKbahJ> ,e;jpaf; Fbkf;fs; Nky; Fe;jpapUe;J FjpiuNahl;Lk; ,e;jpahit MSk; mjpfhu tu;ff ; k; gLk;ghNlh nrhy;yj; jukd;W. Mdhy; tuyhw;wpd; ,aq;F tpjp f;F Kd;dhy; ,itnay;yhk; mw;gk;. ,j dhNy vk;kf;fs; ,g;NghJ ,tu;fis Nehf;fp tUkhW NfhUfpd;whu;fs;. \\gop apid jtpu;j;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs; FUjp

itfhrp-2004

tbAk; Md;khNthL tpbtpw;Fg; Nghuh Lk; ,dj;jpd; jtpu;f;fKbahj ntw;wp iaj; jLj;jtu; vd;fpw tuyhw;Wg;gop cq;fs;Nky; tpohJ jtpu;j;Jf;nfhs;S q; f s; | | ,t;thW vk;kf;fs; tpz;zg;gpg;g jw;fhd fhuzq;fs; kpf ntspg;gilah dit. ahuhtJ jhNk the;jpnaLj;jij thup tpOq;Fthu;fsh? ,g;NghJ fjpu;fhku;> tpky;> Nrhktd;r Vd; mk;ikahu; cl;gl mijj;jhd; rpq;fsj;jpy; nra;fpd;whu;fs;. Kjypy; mk;ikahupdJk; mtuJ $l;lhsp fjpu;fhkupdJk; fijiag; ghUq;fs;. cy nfq;Fk; Xb Gypfis Gwk;js;sg; gpwe;jt uhf fUjpa fjpu;fhku; Gypfs; tplaj;jpy; mnkupf;fh ePfF ; g;Nghf;fhf elg;gJ fz;L vd;d $wpdhu;? <uhf;fpy; mnkupf;fh jiy aPL nra;jpUg;gjhy; mq;F epiyikfs; tpiutpy; rPuile;jgpd; Gypfs; \\ed;whf ftdpf;fg;gLthu;fs;|| vd mtu; fUjp dhu;. Mdhy; ,g;NghNjh fjpu;fhkupd; fl Ts; kPNj #Ok; gopfz;L mtu; tpiwj;Jg; NghapUf;fNtz;Lk;. Clfq;fs;> kdpj cupik gl;laq;fs; ,tw;wpidr; rup ahd tpfpjj;jpy; ,izf;Fk;NghJ gpw g;git gaq;futhjk; rdehaf tpNuh jk; vd;gJ mnkupf;f tha;ghL. ,g;NghJ mNj tha;ghL mnkupf;fh kPNj gha;e;J tpl;lJ. n[dpth rl;ltpjpfis vt;thW mnkupf; f h kP w paJ vd; g ij mnkupf; f Clfq;fs; mf;FNtW MzpNtwhf gpa;jJ ; f; fhl;baNghJ mnkupff ; Nkyhsu;fs; kd;dpg;G>

,Lf;fpg; ghu;jj ; tz;zk; fjpu;fhku; gwe;jhu;. rz;Nl iuk;rpy; tuhj ,d;ndhU jftYk; nfhOk;gpy; frpej ; J. ehw;gjhapuk; Nfhbia itj;J \rpj;J| fhl;Lk; Nkw;Fyf mOj;j j;ijj; jtpu;f;f ngUksT epjpAjtpAk; rPdhtplk; Nfl;fg;gl;ljhk;. mLj;J fjpu; fhku; jupg;gplk; GJjpy;yp. ghujpa rdjh gjtpf;F tUtJ epr;rankd;fpw mbg;gil apy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l ,g;gazk; ehrNk tpistpj;jjhf rz;Nl iuk;]; vOjpaJ. Gypfis tpul;l> kpul;l ghJfhg;G cld; ghL (,jw;fhd efy; mtruk; mtrukhf nfhOk;gpy; Maj;jkhf;fg;gl;L J}Jtu; \nrd;| Clhf mDg;gg;gl ,Ue;jjhk;) NkYk;> kpul;l \\KO mstpy;|| Ngr;Rf;fspy; ,e;jpah <Lgly; ,JNt fjpu;fhku; mila Ntz;ba ,yf;F. Mdhy; aj;te;j; rpd; fhNt fjpu;fhkupd; mjpf cw;rhfk; fz;L rw;W jpifj;Jg;Ngha; \\mJntd;d KO msT|| vd tpsf;fk; NfhuNtz;bajhapwW ; . Mdhy; ,g;NghJ rpd;fh jdJ njhFjp

td;Kiwf; Fog;gkhf;fp ,Wjpapy; NtW topapd;wp rdehafj; jsj;jpy; Fjpj;j N[.tp.gp ,d;ndhU ghupa tuyhw;Wj; jt wpid tplg;Nghfpd;wjh? ,JNt ,d;iwa tpdh. NtW topapd;wpNa rdhjpgjpapd; Gypfs; njhlu;ghd mZFKiwia Mjupf; fpd;Nwhk; vd ee;jd $WtJk;> mNj Ntis tpky; Nghd;Nwhu; tPuhg;ghf Gyp najpu;gG ; trdq;fisf; $WtJk; vjidf; Fwpf;fpd;wJ? fglj;jdj;NjhLk; NtW top apd;wpAk; Ngr;Rf;fSf;F rpq;fsj;jug;G tU tJ ,tu;fSf;F Gupahjh? rd;Nl iuk;]; Vl;bd;(16.5) eLg;gf;ff; fl;Liuapd; ,g;ge;jp iaj; jd;Dk; ,tu;fs; thrpf;fhkyh ,Ue; jpUg;ghu;fs;? \\vjw;fhf rdhjpgjp ,f; Fj; Jf;fuzk; mbf;fpdw ; hu;? gjpy; kpf ,yFth dJ. vy;yhNk gzj;jpw;Fj;jhd;. Vg;uy; 2Mk; jpfjpa Nju;jy; thf;FWjpfis epiw Ntw;w gzkpy;iy. $l;Lj;jhgdq;fs; mu rhq;f ; rigfspy; khjhe;j Ntjdk; toq; fNt gzkpy;iy. kpd;rhu rigAk;> ngw;

kd;dpgG ; vd Kdq;F ; G ; f;fs; fpwhu;fs;. jPug jpzpf; f g; g l Kb ahJ. mit jpUj; jg; g l Ntz; L k; . ,JNt ,d; i wa cyf xOq;fpd; cr; rpapy; xypf;Fk; Fuy;. ,jidNa GypfSk; ,ize;J xypf;fpd; whu;fs;. ,f;fl;lj;jpy; xU jftiy ,q;F ,izf;f tpUk;Gfpd;Nwhk;. nrd;w QhapW (16.5.2004) rz;Nl iuk;]; Vl;bd; eLg;gf; fj;jpypUe;J ,J ngwg;gl;lJ. ntspehl; likr;ruhf fdjpahf nghWg;Ngw;wTld; fjpu;fhkiu cld; rPdh nrd;W \\ed;wp> ed;wp> nra;jtw;wpw;nfy;yhk; ed;wp||vdf; $WkhW rdhjpgjp gzpj;jhu;. NghUf;F ,Jtiu je;Jjtpa MAj jsghlq;fSf;F ,yF jtizapy; vt;tpj fl;Lg;ghLkpd;wp ms;spas;spf; nfhLj;j ngUe;jd;ikf;F> ,d;dKk; ngUk;njhifg; gzk; rPd mu rpd; cj;jpNahf MAj tpw;gid epWtd khd nehwpdN ; fh (NORINCO)tpwF ; nrYj; Jk; epiyapYk; Gjpjhf MAjk; jUkhW NfhuTk; tha;g;Gj; je;jikf;F ed;wp$w %f;Ff; fz;zhbia jsu;jj ; p fz;fis

apNy Njhy;tpaile;jJ NtWfij. mLj;j jupg;gplk; thrpq;ld;. fjpu; fhkupd; ,g;gazk; mtuJ mopTg; gaz khapw;W. rkepiy jtwp> ,uhrje;jpu epak q;fs; kPwp jiytpapd; rq;flepiy GupahJ \\Nkjhtpjj ; dkhf|| fjpuf ; hku; cjpuj ; j ; fUj; Jf;fs; mtUf;Nf ciyitj;jJ. fjpuf ; hk NuhL Kuz;gl;l jdpg;gl;l KiwapYk; mtNuhL cld;glhj fUj;Jepiy nfhz;l n[ae;j jdghyit mk;ikahu; mikjpr; nrayfj;jpd; mjpgjpahf;fptpll ; hu;. jdghy cyfg; Gfo;ngw;wtu;> I.eh tpd; cjtpr; nrayu; jFjpf;F epfuhd gjtpfs; tfpj;j tu;. mtupd; tUif epr;rak; ntspehl;Lf; nfhs;if tptfhuj;jpy; fzprkhd jhf;fj; jpid Vw;gLj;Jnkd;gJk; ,e;epakdk; fjpu; fhkUf;F gpbj;jkhdjy;yntd;gJk; cy fwpe;j cz;ik. vg;NghJNk ,Wjpahf rpupg;gijNa tpUk;Gk; mikjpAlDk; nghWikAlDk; Njrpaj;jiytu; elg;gijg; ghu;fF ; k;NghJ tuyhw;wpd; typa nkhopnahd;wpid epidtpw; nfhs;thu;. \\eP rYiffSf;fhf cdJupikfis tpl;Lf;nfhLg;ghahdhy; ,Wjpapy; ,u z; i lANk ,og; g ha; | | tuyhw;wpy; ,aq;fpay; tpjpfis ruptu GupeJ ; nfhs;shikahy; xU Gul;rpia ntWk; ,isQu; fpsu;rr ; pahf;fp mjidAk;

Nwhypaf; $l;Lj;jhgdKk; epjpNjb murhq;f tq;fpfspy; Vwp ,wq;Ffpd;wd. Nkkhj ,Wjpapy;$l Ngr;Rf;fis njhlq;f murh q;fk; Maj;jkhftpUe;jJ. Vnddpy; A+d; 3Mk; jpfjp gpury;]py; epjpAjtp toq;Fk; ehLfspy; ehd;fpd; $l;lnkhd;W eilngw Ts;sJ.|| vdNt \\vy;yhNk gzj;jpw;Fj; jhd;|| vd;gij mk;ikahu; nrQ;rl;ilj; Njhou;fSf;F tpsf;fhkyh ,Ue;jpUg;ghu;? mg;gbapUe;Jk; vjw;fhf ,e;j myl;ly;? tuyhw;wpd; fz;zpntbfspy; ,g; NghJ N[.tp.gp rpff ; pAs;sJ. N[.tp.gp jdJ cj;jpfspd;gb MSq; fl;rpahf tuNtz;L khapd; xU Kd;Ndhbahd epUthf nraw; ghl;bidAk;> kf;fs; eyd;fUjpa jpl;lq; fisAk; epiwNtw;wpf; fhl;lNtz;Lk;. mt;thW fhl;Ltjhapd; mjw;Fk; epjpAjtp Ntz;Lk;. mjidAk; rUtNjrk; toq;f Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW toq;fNtz;Lkhapd; ,j;jPtpy; mikjpg; Ngr;Rf;fs; Muk;gpf; fg;gl;L MNuhf;fpakhd ghijapy; mbnaL j;J itf;fNtz;Lk;. ,JNt tuyhW tpijj;Js;s Kjw;fz;zp. ,e;epiyapy; tpky; tPutd;r nrhy;fpwhu;> rhj;jhd;fspd; $l;lhd Gypfs;> Nehu;Nt jug;G> uzpypd; Kd;dzp vq;fis ve;j cj;jpiag; gad; gLj;jp nghwpfF ; s; rpff ; itf;f Kad;wdNuh (njhlh;rr ; p 15k; gf;fk;)

03


fp

.K.3800Mk; Mz;by; VNjh xU ehs;. kj;jpa jiuf;fly; vd;w thtpapNy ePej ; pf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; kPdhfj; Njhd;Wk; irg;gpu]; jPtpy; epytpa Gjpa fw;fhy gz;ghl;il md;iw f;F epfo;e;j G+fk;gk; mopj;Jtpl;lJ. Mdhy; mjw;Fg; gpd; mz;zsthf fp.K.3500Mk; Mz;lstpy; mq;F cUthfpa kf;fs; $l;lj; jpdu; Gjpatu;fspd; tuT vJTk; epfo;ej ; jw;fhd mwpFwpfisf; fhl;lhjtu;fshfNt ,Ue;jdu;. fp.K.4Mk; Mapukhz; L f; fhyg; g Fjpiar; Nru;ej ; Jk;> vwpkp (ERIMI)apy; fz;Lgpbf;fg; gl;lJkhd fsQ;rpag;gLj;Jk; rhb (PY THOS)Ak; fpNrhNzfhtpy; (KISSO NERGA) fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;l fspkz; FbapUg;GfSk; ,jidg; Nghjpa mstpy; cWjpgg ; Lj;Jgitah fNt ,Uf;fpd;wd. fp.K.2500 - 2300f;F ,ilg; gl;l fhyj;jpNy rhf;Nfhypj;jpf; (CHALCOLI THIC -nrk;G-fw;fhyk;) gz;ghL cUthfpaJ. ,e;jf; fhyg;gFjpiar; Nru;ej ; J}a nrk;gpdhyhd csp> nfhOf;fpfs;> eiffs; KjypadTk; fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;wd. ,q;F fz;Lgpbf;fg; gl;l Kj;jpiuAk;> tho;tplq;fs; xNu rPuhd mstpy; ,y;yhjJk;> ,f;fhyg;gFjpfspy; nrhj; Jupikfs; eilKiwapy; ,Ue;jpUg;gij vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfpd;wd. kj;jpajiuf; flypNy JUf;fpf;F njw;fhf mike;Js;s irg;gpu]; jPtpNy Kjd; Kjyhf fhy;gjpj;j md;dpau;fshf Mq;fpNya ,uhZtj;jpdNu ,Ue;jdu;. 1878> A+iy 8> 9Mk; jpfjpfspy; fiuapwq;fpa mtu;fs; ghkhF];uh Clhf A+iy 12Mk; jpfjp jiyefu; epf;Nfhrpah te;jdu;. irg;gpuir kpf mikjpahd Kiwapy; mtu;fs; Mf;fpukpj;Jf;nfhz;ldu;. KjyhtJ gpupj;jhdpa cau; Mizahsuhd Nru; fhdw; T+s;]y ; p (SIR GARNETT WOOLSLEY) 1878> A+iy 22Mk; jpfjp yhu;ehfh te;JNru;ej ; hu;. ru;tNjr Nehf;fpNy> ,];jhd;Gy;ypy; nra;Jnfhs; sg;gl;l Mq;fpy - JUf;fpa cld;ghl;bd;gb ngupa gpupjj ; hdpahthdJ> ,j;jt P pDila fl;Lg; ghl;ilAk; epu;thfj;ijAk; ifNaw;gjhfNt mJ mike;jJ. vdpDk; rl;lg;gbahd Nkyh jpff ; k; JUf;fp Ry;jhd; trNk tplg;gl;bUe;jJ. 1914Mk; Mz;by; gpupjj ; hdpa Nguurpd; xU gFjp ahf irg;gpu]; ,izj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gLk;tiu ,e;j ru;tNjr uPjpahd jFepiy njhlu;e;jJ. JUf;fpa mjpfhupfSld; Vw;glf;$ba fUj;J Kuz;ghLfisj; jtpu;gg ; jw;fhf irg;gpu]; thrp fs; 1914tiu Xl;Nlhkhd; gpuirfshfNt fUjg; gl;ldu;. 1880Mk; Mz;bd;gpd; mJtiu ntsp tptfhu mikr;rpd; fPopUe;j irg;gpu]; njhlu; ghd tptfhuq;fs; yz;ldpy; ,Ue;j FbNaw;w mYtyfj;jpd; fPo; nfhz;Ltug;gl;ld. gpupj;jh

nrYj;jNtz;bapUe;jJ. JUf;fpa Mf;fpukpg; gpd; filrp 5 tUlq;fspdJk; ruhrup Nkyjpf tUkhdj;Jf;F rkkhf> ,e;j el;l <lhdJ 92>799 gTz; 11~py;yp]; 3 ngd;]; vdf; fzpf; fg;gl;lJ. ,jd; mbg;gilapy; xt;nthU irg;gpu]; gpuirAk; Mz;> ngz;> Foe;ijfs; vd;w NtWghbd;wp 10~py;ypq;Ffs; (miug; gTz;) tup nrYj;jNtz;bapUe;jJ. me;jf; fhyj;J irg;gpu]; kf;fspd; tUtha; kw;Wk; nfhs;tdTj;jpwd; mbg;gilapy;> kpfTk; cau; e;j njhifahf ,J ,Ue;jJ. ,t;thW Nrfup f;fg;gl;l njhiffs; JUf;fpa jpiwNrupf;F toq;fg;gltpy;iy. 1855Mk; Mz;bNy Xl; Nlhkhd; muRf;F Mq;fpy> gpnuQ;Rf;fhuu;fshy; toq;fg;gl;l flid Xl;Nlhkhd; muR jpUg;gpr; nrYj;j kWj;Jtpl;ljhy; mf;flDf;F gpiz epd;w Mq;fpy> gpnuQ;R muRfspd; rhu;gpy;> irg; gpu]; kf;fsplk; ngwg;gl;l tupfs; Nkw;gb fld; toq;fpNahUf;F toq;fg;gl;ld. Nkw;gb flNdhL ve;j njhlu;Gk; ,y;yhj irg;gpu]; kf;fs; ,jdhy; ngUe;Jd;gj;ij mDgtpf;f Neu;ej ; J. gpupj;jhdpa Mf;fpukpg;ig njhlu;eJ ; te;j ehd;F jrhg;jq;fspyhd Fbrdj;njhif mgptpUj;jpahdJ etPd irg;gpu]pd; Fbrdj;

04

gpupj;jhdpau; cUthf;fptpl;ldh;. TMT,d; gaq; futhj mr;RWj;jy; fhuzkhf JUf;fpa irg; gpu]; kf;fs; njhopw;rq;f ,af;fj;jpypUe;J tpy fpaNjhL fpNuf;f irg;gpu]; ,d ciof;Fk; tu; f ; f j; j pduplkpUe; J jq; f is Kw; w hf Jz;bj;Jf;nfhs;s epu;gg ; e;jpf;fg;gl;ldu;. 1958,y; ,e;j ,U r%fq;fSf;F kpilNa gpur;rpidfis fhuzk; fhl;b \\,u z;L r%fq;fSk; xd;whf mikjpahf tho;tJ rhj;jpakpy;iy|| vd;W gpupj;jhdpau; thjpl Kad; wdu;. cz;ikiar; nrhy;yg;Nghdhy; \kf;kpy;yd; jpl;lk;| vdg;gl;l gpuptpidj; jpl;lnkhd;Wk; 1958,y; tFf;fg;gl;lJ. ,jdhy; Vw;glf;$ba mghaq;fis czu;e;Jnfhz;l fpNuf;f irg; gpu]; kf;fs; Rje;jpu irg;gpu]; mikg;gij Vw;Wf;nfhz;ldu;. ,g;gbahf 1959> ngg;utup 19Mk; jpfjp> gpupj;jhdpah> fpNuf;fk;> 1923y; irg; gpu]; kPjhd midj;J cupikfisAk; ,oe;

jpUe;jhYk;> kPzL ; k; gpupj;jhdpahthy; irg;gpu]; tptfhuq;fspy; gad;tpisNthL njhlu;GgLj;jg; gl;l JUf;fp> irg;gpurpd; fpNuf;f> JUf;fpa r%fq;fspd; gpujpepjpfs; MfpNahu;> Rje;jpu irg;gpu]; ehl;il cUthf;Fk; cld;ghl;by; ifnaOj;jpl;ldu;. ,e;j cld;ghl;bd;gb fpNu f;f irg;gpu]; ,d [dhjpgjpAk; JUf;fpa irg; gpu]; ,d cg[dhjpgjpAk; njupTnra;ag;gl tpUe;jdu;. ,tu;fs; me;je;jr; r%fq;fshy; NtW Ntwhf njupTnra;ag;gltpUe;jdu; ,e;j ,U tUk; $l;L epiwNtw;W mjpfhuq;fisf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ntsptptfhuk;> ghJfhg;G tpt fhuq; f spy; NtWNtwhf ,uj; J r; n ra; A k; (VETO) mjpfhuq;fis nfhz;bUg;gjw;F khd Vw;ghLfs; ,e;j cld;ghl;by; ,Ue;jd. gpujpepjpfs; rigf;F 35 fpNuf;f irg;gpu]; ,dj; jtu;fSk; 15 JUf;fpa irg;gpu]; ,dj;jtu; fSk; jq;fs; jq;fs; r%fq;fshy; njupTnra;ag; gltpUe;jdu;. JUf;fpa irg;gpu];fhuuhd fyhepjp

njhif Nghf; F fis vLj;Jf; fhl;Ltjhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

dpa Mf;fpukpgg ; pd; gpd; irg;gpurpd; cs;sf eput ; h fq;fs; kWrPuikf;fg;gl;ld. epiwNtw;W mjp fhuq;fisf; nfhz;bUe;j cau; Mizahsu; gpupj;jhdpa KJepiy epu;thf mjpfhupfspd; JizAld; Ml;rpia elj;jpdhu;. gpupj;jhdpa cau;kl;l mjpfhupfisf; nfhz;bUe;j epiw Ntw;Wr; nraw;FOTf;F MNyhrid toq;F Nthupd; jFepiyNa ,Ue;jJ. irg;gpurpd; tuyh w;wpy; gpupj;jhdpa Mf;fpukpg;G nfhz;Lte;j kpff; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f khw;wkhf rl;lthf;f mit xd;iw epWtpajd;%yk; VNjh xUtif ehlh Skd;w Kiwia mwpKfg;gLj;jpaJ ,Uf;fp wJ. ,e;jj; jPit jkf;Ff; ifaspj;jjw; nfd JUf;fp Ry;jhDf;F jhk; nrYj;jpf; nfhz;bUe;j el;l<l;il <Lnra;tjw;nfd irg;gpu]; kf;fs; kPJ fLikahd tupfis gpupj; j hdpau; tpjpj; j jhdJ gpupj; j hdpaupd; Mf;fpukpg;G Muk;gkhd fhyg;gFjpfspypUe;Nj> irg;gpu]; kf;fs; njhlu;r;rpahff; fhl;bte;j murpay; uPjpahd vjpu;g;GfSf;F fhuzkhf mike;jJ. 1878,y; nra;Jnfhs;sg;gl;l JUf; fpa - Mq;fpNyNa cld;ghl;bd; Vw;ghLfspdg ; b irg;gpu]; jPthdJ gpupj;jhdpa Mf;fpukpg;gpd; fPopUe;jhYk;> JUf;fpa Ry;jhDf;F jpiw

nfhs;Sk; vz;zg;Nghf;if tsu;jJ ; f;nfhs;sj; njhlq;fpdhu;fs;. ,J JUf;fpa Mf;fpukpg;Gf; fhyj;jpYk; gpd; gpupj;jhdpa Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpYk; tsu;ej ; J. JUf;fp 1Mk; cyfg;Nghupy; N[u;kdp f;F Mjuthfg; Nghupl;lijj; njhlu;eJ ; 1914> etk;gu; 5Mk; jpfjp irg;gpu]; jPT gpupj;jhdpa NguuNrhL ,izj;Jf;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. \fpNuf; fj;Jldhd ,izg;G|f;F vjpuhd epiyg; ghl;il vg;NghJk; iff;nfhz;l gpupj;jhdpah ,izg;Gg; gw;wpa Ngr;R vOk;Nghnjy;yhk; JUf;fpa irg;gpu]; thrpfspd; gpurd;dj;ij> Kd;dzpfF ; nfhz;Lte;jJ. 1903Mk; Mz;by; fpNuf;f irg;gpu]; rl;lrig cWg;gpdu;fs; ,izg;Gf;F Mjuthf thf;fspjj ; NghJ JUf; fpa irg;gpu]; cWg;gpdu;fs; thf;fspgg ; py; fye;J nfhs;shJ xJq;fpapUe;jdu;. 1Mk; cyfg; Nghupd;NghJ fpNuf;fk; NerehLfSf;F Mjuthf Nghu;g;gpufldk; nra;jhy;> irg;gpuir fpNuf;fj; jplk; ifaspf;fj; jah uhf ,Ug;gjhf gpupj;jh dpah mwptpj;jJ. Mdhy; fpNuf;f muru; N[u;kdpa guk;giuapy; te;jtu; vd;gjhy;> ,e;j tpUg;gf; Fwpg;G fpNuf;f

nghJthf irg; g purpd; Fbrdj; njhif> xU tsu;r;rpg; Nghf; i ff; fhl; b dh Yk;> JUf;fpa irg;gp u]; kf;fspd; njhifapy; Vw;gl;l rpwpjsT tPo;r;rpahdJ> Mq;fpNya Mf;fpukpg;gpd; gpd; rpy JUf;fpa irg;gpu]; kf; f s; JUf; f pf; F Gyk; ngau; e ; j ikahy; Vw;gl;ljhFk;. gpupj;jhdpa Ml;rpapd; Kjy; 35 tUlq;fspd;NghJ jPtpd; cl;fl;Lkhzk; kw; Wk; nghUz;kpa tho;tpy; Vw;gl;l mbg;gil khw;wq;fistpl gpupj;jhdpa epu;thfkhdJ (tPjpfs; mikj;jJ> rJg;G epyq;fis cyu itj;jJ> kpd; toq;fpaJ> kPs; fhLtsu;gG ; vd;w tifapy;) irg;gpu]; kf;fspd; r%f tho;fi ; f KiwapYk; jhf;fq;fis Vw;gLj;jpaJ. 1928Mk; Mz;by; Xl;Nlhkhd; Fw;wtpay; Nfhit khw; wPL nra;ag;gl;lJ. 1935Mk; Mz;bd; gpupj;jh dpa nghJr;rl;lk; eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gl;l NjhL 1946Mk; Mz;by; mirahj nrhj;Jf;fs; njhlu;ghd Kf;fpa rl;lk; mwpKfg;gLj;jg; gl;lJ. nghJthfNt gpupj;jhdpa ePjpkd;wq;fs; ePjpahditahAk; gf;fr; rhu;gw;witahAk; ,Ue; jikahy; kf;fspd; kupahijiag; ngw;Wf; nfhz;litahf ,Ue;jd. 1821Mk; Mz;by; fpNuf;f Gul;rp epfo;e;J fpNuf;f muR cUthf;fg;gl;lJk;> fpNuf;fj;NjhL nghJthd fyhr;rhu kw;Wk; kj uPjpahd njhlu;Gfisf; nfhz;bUe;j fpNuf;f irg;gpu]; thrpfs; fpNuf;fj;NjhL ,ize;J

murhy; kWf;fg;gl;lJ. fpNuf;f irg;gpu]; thrp fspd; Njrpathj czu;Tfis mlf;Fk; tif apyhd epiyg;ghl;ilf; iff;nfhz;ljd; ngW Ngwhf 1931> xf;Nlhgupy; ntbj;j ,uj;jf; fsup ahd fpsu;rr; pahdJ fLikKiw %yk; xLf;fg; gl;lNjhL midj;J irg;gpu]; thrpfs; kPJk; fl;Lg;ghLfs; tpjpf;fg;gl;ld. 1938 - 48 fhyg;gFjpfspy;> fpNuf;f> JUf;fpa njhopyhsu;fs; ,ize;J 8 kzpNeu NtiyNfhup Nghuhl;lj;jpy; ,wq;fpdhu;fs;. 1947Mk; Mz;by;> Rahl;rp toq;Fk; murpayikg;G khw;wk; Vw;gLj;JtJ njhlu;ghf MNyhrpf;fntd gpupj;jhdpa MSdu; tpd;]u; gpuGthy; fpNuf;f> JUf;fpa irg;gpu]; thrpfs; gq;Fnfhz;l $l;lk; $l;lg;gl;lJ. fpNuf;fj; Jldhd ,izg;Gf;fhd fjit ,e;j Vw;ghL G+l; b tpLk; vd; g jhy; fpNuf; f u; f Sk; > ,J cz;ikahd Rahl;rp ,y;iy vd;gjhy; JUf;fp aUk; Nkw;gb Nahridia epuhfupj;Jtpl;ldu;. ,uz;L cyfg; Nghu;fspYk; gpupl;l dJ jug;gpy; Nghupl;l fpNuf;fu;fs;> fpNuf;fj;NjhL jq;fis ,ize;Jnfhs;s gpupj;jhdpah mD kjpf;f Ntz;Lnkd;W Nfhupdhu;fs;. Mdhy; mg; NghJk; \\NguuRf; fdtpy;|| %o;fpapUe;j gpupj;jh dpah mjid mbNahL kWj;Jtpl;lJ. fpNu f;f - JUf;fpa irg;gpu]; thrpfSf;fpilNa ahd Ngjq;fis mtu;fis \\gpupj;J MSk;|| je;jpNuhghaj;Jf;fhf gpupj;jhdpah gad;gLj;jp aJ. JUf;fpa jug;gpy; \nthy;fd;|(VOLKAN) kw;Wk; mijj;njhlu;e;J TMT(JUf;fpa vjpu;g;gpaf;f mikg;G) Mfpait \irg;gpu]; JUf;fpaUf;Nf| vd;w Nfhrj;Jld; fskpwq;fpd. fpNuf;f jug;gpy; EOKA mikg;G fskpwq;fpaJ. ,tu;fSf;fpilNaahd Nkhjy;fs; cf;fpukil e;jNghJ> epf;Nfhrpahtpy; xU gpupf;Fk; Nfhl;il

$f;Ff; 1959> brk;gu; 3Mk; jpfjp Nghl;bapyy ; hky; irg;gpurpd; KjyhtJ cg [dhjpgjpahf Nju;T nra;ag;gl;lhu;. mjpNkw;wp uhzpahu; kf;fhupNah]; (ARCH BISHOP MAKARIOS) ,w;Fk; N[hz; fpnsiwl;]>; fpA+rP (JOHN CLERI DES QC) f;FkpilNa [dhjpgjp gjtpf;F Nghl;b Vw;gl;L 1959> brk;gu; 13mk; jpfjp ele;j Nju;jypy; irg;gpurpd; KjyhtJ [dhjpgjpahf kf;fhupNah]; Nju;Tnra;ag;gl;lhu;. gpujpepjpfs; rig cWg;gpdu;fis Nju;T nra;atjw;fhd Nju; jy; 1960> Xf];l; 01Mk; jpfjp ,lk;ngw;wJ. 1960> Xf];w; 16Mk; jpfjp mjpfhu ifkhw;wk; epiwTnra;ag;gl;L fpof;F kj;jpajiuf; flypy; ,U r%fq;fisf;nfhz;l Gjpa Fbaunrhd;W cjakhfpaJ. 82tUl gpupj;jhdpa Ml;rpiaAk; mJ KbTf;Ff; nfhz;Lte;jJ. ,e;j Gjpa Fbaurpd; r%fq;fSf; fpilNaahd xj;Jiog;G 3 tUlq;fspy; rPu; Fie;J NghdJ. ,jw;F fpNuf;f irg;gpu]; fhuu;fs; murpayikg;igNa Fiw $wpdhu;fs;. ,e;j murpayikg;ig> nld;uh]; (DENTAS)> fpnsiwl;]; MfpNahu; jiyikapyhd jpwik kpf;f rl;lthsu;fs;> JUf;fp> fpNuf;fj;jpd; rl;l MNyhrfu;fs; KjypNahUld; xU eLepiy (Rtp];) MNyhrfuhd Nguhrpupau; gpiwly; Mfp Nahupd; fLikahd ciog;G cUthf;fpapUe; jJ. ,e;j mikg;G Muk;gj;jpypUe;Nj> mopTf;FupajhfNt ,Ue;jJ. Vnddpy;> ,e;j murpayikg;ig> ,Wjpahd> jPu;thf kf;fhup Nah]; fUjtpy;iy. fpNuf;fj;Jldhd ,izg; gpNyNa mtu; Fwpahf ,Ue;jhu;. Gjpa FbauR cUthfpa ehsd;Nw> \\Rje;jpuk; vd;gJ EOKA ,d; ,yf;Fky;y Nehf;fKky;y. Njrpa ,yf;if (njhlh; r ; r p

12k;

gf; f k; )

itfhrp-2004


V_P_116  

04.06.2004 md; W fpspnehr; rpapy; jkpo; vOj; Jyfpd; %j; j gj; jphpifahsh; jpU.v]; .vk; .Nfhghyuj; jpdk; (NfhG) mth; fs; jkpoP o Njrpaj; jiyt...

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