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Vista’s Customer Philosophy: To provide commercial producers with the genetics, information and support needed to consistently produce quality beef at the lowest possible cost.

We go to a great deal of effort to make sure our bulls last longer than the average bull in the industry. I always just assumed that longevity was a trait that every bull should have. Over the years, I have discovered that longevity in a bull is not very important at all to most purebred breeders. In fact, the quicker a bull needs to be replaced, the more bulls a purebred breeder gets to sell. Provided, of course the customer doesn’t decide to look elsewhere for a bull. Your number one priority is reproduction. If you don’t have a calf, you don’t get your paycheck. Seedstock producers know this, and you know they know this, but are they really working to build reproductive efficiency into the cow herd they’re selling you bulls out of? Very close to the top of the list of other important traits to commercial beef production is longevity. The longer your bulls and/or cows last, the less they cost. Seedstock producers also know this, but are they really working to ensure they’re building longevity into the cow herd they’re selling you bulls out of? I continually hear from our customers how Vista bulls last longer than other bulls they’ve tried. The few purebred cows that we have let sell to other breeders have returned similar comments: ‘she never misses’, ‘she’s the easiest keeping cow on the place’. It is no accident that we, and our customers, are pleased with the reproduction and longevity traits of our cattle – those are priorities in our breeding programs and our development programs. A simple bull longevity example:

Vista Bull

Other Bull

Initial cost

$2,500

$2,500

Useful Life

5 seasons

3 Seasons

Calves Sired

125

75

Salvage Value

$800

$800

Bull Cost Per Calf

$13.60

$22.67

A few other points … There are a lot of places to buy bulls that cost more than they will at Vista. There are a lot of bulls that won’t produce the same value in calves as a Vista bull. There are not very many places to buy bulls where efficient production is the first priority.


as the Friends, summer has subsided of at he ve si es pr op e again. The ll and county fairs. Th ba ot fo th It’s that time of year wi led fil e m orter. Weekends beco days begin to grow sh calves are weaned. nt crops are in and the netics for the efficie ge er tt be ild bu to s lar share our effort and hosting our regu y, And, it’s time again to da is th r fo ar ye one of the beef. We work all s at our annual sale is production of quality er uc od pr w ne ng ti the ds and mee lves weaned in one of ca es ur at customers and frien fe g rin fe ll years we ness. This year’s of one of the best rainfa in d highlights of this busi pe lo ve de en th e bulls include edina County We hope you find thes driest years ever in M ll. we d de on sp re n us ve d they ha ur operation. If not, joi yo of t en could ever hope for, an em ov pr im uction. for the continual we can get it into prod so the genetics you need ed ne do u yo at let us know wh nce or for lunch anyway and mpt to make a differe te at to e m Ti . ain ag e to vote only small way This year it’s also tim of us, our vote is the t os m r Fo . be at ’s th e powers tough times maybe it in d an , ht send a message to th rig ur yo s It’ heard. So go vote. our voice will ever be our obligation. ew, I thank e rest of the Vista cr th d an il rg Vi of lf ha On be g and hope to to inspect our offerin e m ti e th g kin ta r fo you see you sale day.

VISTA GENETICS the brand of sensible seedstock

Jeff Diles - Virgil Boll 4465 FM 1796 D’Hanis, Texas 78850 (830) 363-6250 (210) 218-8887 www.sensibleseedstock.com

Utopia

FM 187

FM 1796

US HWY 90

to Uvalde & Del Rio

Sabinal

to Hondo & San Antonio

D’Hanis

We’re a little off the beaten path, but easy enough to find; just eight miles north of D’Hanis, about an hour west of San Antonio.


Vantage on Value 2010

GENERAL SALE INFORMATION

Lunch at 11:30; ACCOMMODATIONS Best Western Hondo Inn, Hondo (830) 426-4466 Whitetail Lodge, Hondo (830) 426-3031 Executive Inn, Hondo (830) 426-2535

SALE DAY PHONES: (830) 363-6250

(210) 218-8887

AUCTIONEER: C. Jason Spence (830) 534-8229 SALE ORDER We have penned the bulls in groups of 7 to 10 head for easy viewing, and the catalog is organized similarly. We will begin the sale with Lot 101 and continue in catalog order, unless otherwise announced from the block. BIDDING ASSISTANCE If you have any questions or need assistance in bidding, please let us know. If you are unable to attend the sale, feel free to send bids to Vista or the Auctioneer. We have representatives who work for our customers to fill sight-unseen orders carefully and professionally. We can arrange for you to bid over the phone during the sale, as well. If you wish to bid over the phone, please make arrangements ahead of time by calling Jeff Diles (210) 218-8887 or C. Jason Spence (830) 534-8229. And please remember, you don’t owe anything for the bull until you’ve seen him and are satisfied that he is what you expected for your money. VOLUME DISCOUNT Bull purchases of five or more will be discounted 5% at settlement. FREE DELIVERY For those purchasing three or more bulls, Vista will deliver bulls free of charge to central locations within 300 miles. Because loads will likely be made with bulls from several different purchasers, we can only guarantee to get your bulls within 100 miles of your ranch, although much closer in most cases. Vista can arrange delivery purchases of less than three bulls, but there will be a per head charge due at settlement. If you would like your bulls delivered, please make sure to provide us with all necessary phone numbers at the time of settlement. We will begin delivering bulls immediately after the sale, and will strive to have most bulls delivered within the week following the sale. BREEDING GUARANTEE All bulls in this sale are guaranteed breeders as described in the sale “Terms and Conditions”. The bulls in this sale have not been fertility tested. All bulls in the sale have been visually inspected for defects or injuries to their reproductive organs and were found to be sound. We guarantee all the bulls in this sale to be capable of settling cows, however, it is important to remember that any bull can become temporarily infertile for numerous reasons. We recommend that all bulls be fertility tested at least 30 days prior to each breeding season. This will not prevent bulls from becoming infertile, but can head off a real disaster by finding a potential problem before it is too late. If a Vista bull fails a Veterinarian administered fertility exam within six months of the date of sale, Vista will pay the cost of the exam and replace the bull with a bull of comparable

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Sale starts at 1:00 quality, or grant the purchaser full credit for the purchase price less salvage value of the bull toward the purchase of another bull or any other Vista product. For additional peace of mind, Vista offers a free FIRST YEAR GUARANTEE on every bull purchased for $2500 or more. If your bull is unable to breed cows (for almost any reason; complete details available sale day), you are covered. We are confident that our bulls are some of the most dependable you can find, and we are committed to your COMPLETE SATISFACTION. BULL INFORMATION If you need more information on any of the bulls in the sale, please do not hesitate to ask. We want you to feel completely comfortable with any bull that you may bid on or purchase. The catalog includes all of the genetic comparison information that we routinely utilize in making breeding decisions in our program. FEEDING PROGRAM All Vantage on Value bulls are developed on forage. We utilize native grasses in the Spring and Fall, and small grains pastures in the winter with limited supplementation. During the Summer months the bulls are grazed on Coastal Bermuda and limit-fed a custom protein and energy supplement to maximize forage utilization. Our grow-out program is specifically designed to prepare the bulls for making their living on grass, and to ensure they will have a long and productive life for you. RETAINED SEMEN INTEREST We are selling full possession, full salvage value, and ½ semen interest in each bull. This means that you have full control in how the bull is maintained, but that Vista Genetics will be a 50% partner in any future semen sales. If you sell the bull to another breeder or producer, Vista Genetics’ semen interest will be retained. You may purchase 100% semen marketing rights by paying twice the final sale price at the time of purchase. In the event 100% semen marketing rights are purchased in this manner, Vista Genetics will retain the right to not more than 100 units of semen for use within herd. Realistically, we expect this semen interest to be exercised on only about 1%-2% of the bulls we sell, and we are not retaining the right to access any bull for collection without the purchaser’s permission. HEALTH Interstate health papers will be provided for all animals sold. TB testing will be performed after the sale, if required. All bulls have had proper vaccinations for Blackleg, IBR, PI3, BVD, BRSV, Lepto, and Vibrio. All bulls have been de-wormed within the last 60 days. INSURANCE As outlined in the “Terms and Conditions”, all animals become the risk of the purchaser at the time of sale. Bulls protected by Vista’s First Year Guarantee are excepted to the extent of the coverage provided by Vista’s First Year Guarantee. For the buyer’s convenience, livestock insurance is offered at settlement time through American Livestock Insurance Co. The cost is minimal, and we encourage all buyers to take advantage of the protection.


Reprinted with permission from

Working Ranch Magazine

Bryan McMurry, Ph.D.

Big cows consume more energy in the form of dry matter per year than smaller cows. It doesn’t make economic sense to lay out expensive hay and have a cow eat you out of house and home, then bring you a less-than desirable return when weaning time rolls around. Cow/calf production is basically a manufacturing process, turning grass into high quality, edible protein for which there is a substantial and critical demand. Just like a 100-watt light bulb uses more energy than a 60-watt bulb, large cows require greater energy input than smaller cows. The easiest way to think about and measure energy input for cows is in terms of dry matter (DM) intake. A cow’s daily dry matter requirement increases 1.5 pounds for each 100 pounds of increase in total body weight (Table 1). Larger cows have a higher maintenance energy requirement than smaller cows and because they operate in a grazing environment for much of the year they satisfy that higher energy requirement through higher DM intake. They simply consume more forage and have higher associated feed costs. Let’s compare our cow/calf business to another manufacturing business. Suppose we have a factory (ranch) with 100 machines (cows) and our goal is to produce 600 units (pounds of calf) per machine per year. Our most efficient machines in the factory are capable of producing at that level and more with the inputs we are providing. At the end of each year we evaluate the performance of each machine by looking at the electricity (energy) used by that machine and then compare that to the number of units (pounds) produced. If one of the machines uses 1200

Table 1.

Daily DM intake for cows of varying weights Cow’s Weight 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 NRC, 2002

Percentage of Body Weight 2.33% 2.26% 2.19% 2.13% 2.08% 2.04% 2.00% 1.97% 1.94%

Daily DM Intake (lbs.) 21.0 22.6 24.1 25.6 27.0 28.6 30.0 31.5 33.0

kilowatts of electricity and produces 600 units and another uses 1500 kilowatts of electricity and produces 600 units, which is more efficient? Obviously the former is a more efficient user of energy inputs than the latter. This is mechanical efficiency; in the case of the cow this is akin to biological efficiency. The level of economic efficiency will depend on the cost per kilowatt of electricity and the price per unit received for the output. If the unit price remains flat and the cost of energy doubles, the machine that uses 1500 kilowatts becomes even less profitable than before the cost increase. In the case of cows the principle is the same.

It’s an easy calculatIon

Unlike the machines in our factory example we do not know exactly how much energy each cow uses because she is grazing for much of the year. However, we do have a measure that very accurately predicts how much energy, in this case DM, she will use per year and that measure is simply her mature weight. The easy and practical surrogate metric for DM intake is the mature weight of the cow. Annualized, the increase in DM intake is nearly 550 pounds for each 100 pound increase in mature weight. Consequently, the difference in DM intake between a 1200pound cow and a 1500-pound cow in terms of DM requirements is over 1600 pounds annually. In the form of hay, at 85% DM, that is a ton of additional forage we must provide to the larger cow. The fact is, big cows consume more energy in the form of DM per year than smaller cows. So an accurate way to evaluate individual cow performance efficiency is the weight of her calf relative to her mature weight. Where we set the standard for culling depends on the ranch environment. Our goal might be a calf weight of 50% of the cow’s weight (not realistic in some environments, but it makes the math easy here). Realizing that not all environments can support that level we might establish a standard or culling threshold at a calf weight of 40% of the cow’s weight. In some cow/calf production environments a cow that can’t wean 40% of her own mature weight might find it difficult to pay her way, and thus should be removed from the system. (Continued on page 17)

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Vista Braunvieh Braunvieh is one of the oldest pure breeds of cattle, not a cross or a composite. Braunvieh have established a solid reputation for “branding” their offspring with outstanding fertility, global adaptability, quiet dispositions, superior udders, exceptional feedlot performance, and award winning carcasses. Although the breed originated in the mountains of Switzerland, we believe Braunvieh is destined to become one of the major breeds in the US beef industry. The Vista Braunvieh program was originally established by the purchase of a load of “All Swiss” Braunvieh females from the US Meat Animal Research Center (MARC), Clay Center, NE. These cows were part of the genetics that proved, in the MARC research, that Braunvieh was the most productive breed, across all traits. For our goal of developing superior pasture and feedlot cattle, this was the perfect place to start. We have since added Fullblood and Purebred genetics from across the US and Canada to build one of the largest performance herds in the country. The beef cattle market is changing; carcass traits are becoming more important to the profitability puzzle, but fertility is still the most important piece. Including Braunvieh in today’s commercial cow-calf business adds more pieces of the puzzle. The Braunvieh difference results in early maturing, fertile females, that rival all others in pounds of calf weaned per cow exposed, as well as, vigorous steers that finish quickly, producing high-yielding, high-quality carcasses. Increased conception rates, improved feedlot efficiency, higher quality grades, and better yield grades are just a few of the exciting reports we consistently receive from our loyal customers. There is no other seedstock producer that is more committed to your success than Vista, and there is no other breed more uniquely positioned to facilitate the success of the cow-calf producer in a Value-Based marketing environment than Braunvieh.

DOB - Date of Birth; provided to assist in fair visual evaluation. SCROTAL - Scrotal circumference is provided in centimeters; scrotal circumference is a good indicator of fertility and early maturity. Bulls were measured at yearling, and all bulls with less than 30 cm scrotal circumference were culled. The scrotal circumference provided in this catalog was taken on September 28, 2010. FRAME – Adjusted Frame Score; Calculated from 3 hip height measurements for increased accuracy. Frame score is a convenient way of describing the skeletal size of cattle, because it changes relatively little as the animal increases in age and height. VGR – Vista Growth Ratio; Indexing ratio to compare growth potential in the bulls as determined during grow out phase of production. The VGR is calculated from gain ratios and weight per day of age ratios. A value greater than 100 indicates better than average growth performance. REA – Ultrasound Rib Eye Area Ratio. R/CWT – Ultrasound Rib Eye Area per Hundred Pounds Ratio. Considering both REA and R/CWT provides a much clearer picture of the differences in muscling between bulls. Because all of our bulls are grown out under the same conditions, it can be safely assumed that a great deal of the variation between bulls for REA and R/CWT is due to genetic differences for muscling. A ratio of greater than 100 indicates more overall muscling compared to the average of the contemporary group. IMF – Ultrasound Intramuscular Fat Ratio; An IMF ratio of greater than 100 indicates more intramuscular fat (or marbling potential) compared to the average of the contemporary group.

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Expected Progeny Differences. We place a great deal of emphasis on EPDs in our breeding programs, because they are the best estimate of the relative genetic value of beef cattle (for all traits with an EPD). The breed percentile rank for each EPD is also included. CED – Calving Ease Direct EPD; The probability that an animal’s calves will be born without assistance. A higher CED EPD indicates less calving difficulty. CEM – Calving Ease Maternal EPD; The probability that an animal’s daughter will calve unassisted. A higher CEM EPD indicates daughters that will calve with less calving difficulty. BW – Birth Weight EPD; A sire’s expected progeny difference (lb) for mature dam equivalent birth weight of calf. Progeny of sires with lower birth weight EPD values will generally be born with less calving difficulty. WW – Weaning weight EPD; A sire’s expected progeny difference (lb) for 205-day, mature dam equivalent weaning weight. A sire’s weaning weight EPD is an indication of growth to weaning. It does not indicate milk production. YW – Yearling weight EPD; A sire’s expected progeny difference (lb) for 365-day, mature dam equivalent yearling weight. The yearling weight EPD is a measure of growth from birth to one year of age. MK – Milk EPD; The expected difference (due to milk production alone) in weaning weight of calves out of a bull’s daughters compared to calves from daughters of a bull with a zero milk EPD. A higher EPD indicates that the bull’s daughters should produce more pounds of calf due to increased milk production, but a higher EPD may also indicate a need for higher nutritional inputs to sustain the increased milk production. MW – Maternal weaning EPD; The expected overall difference (lb) in weaning weight of calves out of a bull’s daughters compared to calves from daughters of a bull with a zero maternal weaning EPD. The maternal weaning EPD is a measure of both growth and milking ability.


BRAUNVIEH BULLS Because the point of this business is quality beef, we might as well start the sale with a bull that excels for both muscle and marbling. This is easily one of the best set of ultrasound ratios we’ve ever produced. In addition to impressive stats, Lot 101 also stands out in the pen. He is as thick and soggy as they come. Lot 102 is thick, thick, thick. You will not find more thickness in any line of Braunvieh cattle than Basic Beef produces, and this bull is typical of the type that you will find in all of our Basic Beef sons; typical, except that he outgrew every other Braunvieh on the ranch by a fair margin. And, based on his pedigree, he is almost certain to be homozygous polled. It wouldn’t be right to have a Vista bull sale and not have a ‘blonde’ bull in the first pen of Braunvieh. Lot 103 is a grandson of the tremendous 3/4 blood cow that raised so many top blonde bulls, and he has definitely earned the right to continue the tradition. His growth, marbling and type would earn any color bull a spot at the top of any Braunvieh bull sale. Lot 104 is the soggy, easy-keeping kind with better than average EPDs across the board - truly unique in the Braunvieh breed.

Lot 101

Lot 102

Lot 103

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BRAUNVIEH BULLS

Lot 104

Lots 105 and 106 are the hard to find kind of Fullblood bulls. One an F015 son and one sired by Chinook, but each performed over 10% better than their contemporaries on test. Lot 107 is another Chinook son that shows the tremendous thickness that originally attracted us to his sire. Chinook is many years gone now, but we will continue to go back to him as one of our top Fullblood bulls. Lot 108 begins a run of seven top Basic Beef sons - three sets of full brothers. The first five are smooth polled and all have the natural thickness, even disposition, exceptional scrotal development and front pasture appeal that we have come to take for granted from Basic Beef.

Lot 107

Lot 108

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BRAUNVIEH BULLS

Lot 110 The Basic Beef influence on the Braunvieh breed continues to grow. Although the Vista program is designed first for commercial producers, several Basic Beef sons have logically found their way into purebred herds of some of the most progressive Braunvieh breeders. It is easy to see why his sons are so sought after when you get a set like these together. Lots 110 & 111 are full sibs to VISTA 4Z 304T serving at Mystic Hill and Brink Livestock and VISTA 4Z MR 311U serving at Rocking K and VISTA 4Z and VISTA 4Z MR 304U right here at Vista. Lots 112, 113 & 114 are full sibs to VISTA 4Z FORESIGHT that is having great impact on the Smbraveih business at La Muneca Cattle Co.

Lot 114

Lot 116

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BRAUNVIEH BULLS

0

VISTA 4Z FORESIGHT

VISTA 4Z FORESIGHT

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Lots 118 & 119 are full brother VISTA 4Z FORESIGHT sons. Balanced EPDs, superior ultrasound, and out of the most successful cow we have owned. Every natural calf E570 raised made the top end of our bull sale or keeper heifers. Lot 120 is also out of the E570 cow, but sired by our super easy calving VISTA MARVEL E585. He is long and deep ribbed with top performance; low birth weight, growth and marbling. He does have a little attitude when sorted off on his own. Lot 121 is a tremendous carcass Chinook son for use on mature cows.


BRAUNVIEH BULLS Lots 126 thru 133 are 70% or better Bruanvieh genetics with the balance from Angus and/or Red Angus. We continue to look for every opportunity to improve our Braunvieh base, and infusing proven calving ease Angus and Red Angus genetics with growth and carcass through breeding up is one of the best ways to deliver more of the right kind of Braunvieh to fit your needs. It is one more aspect of our commitment to deliver the very best commercial bulls possible, no matter what it takes.

Lot 121

Lot 123

Lot 126

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BRAUNVIEH BULLS

Lot 129

Lot 130

We hear and talk a lot about carcass and growth, but one of the greatest strengths of the Vista program, regardless of breed or cross is bred-in maternal efficiency. Our cows must perform under commercial conditions, or worse. They are not pampered purebred cows; they are production tested seedstock cows and we believe (and our repeat customers confirm) that their sons make longer lasting, better doing bulls for commercial production. That’s the sensible seedstock difference.

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Ever wish there was a western themed event with wholesome entertainment and fun for the entire family? There is; it’s the Cowboy Country Round Up. The Cowboy Country Round Up began in 2010 with the 1st annual College for Cowboys Chuck Wagon Round Up and has evolved into an even bigger day of western themed activities for the whole family. The event is the primary fund raising effort of the D’Hanis Education Foundation, providing scholarship opportunities for graduates of the D’Hanis High School. For 2011, we’ve added several new and fun activities, as well as built upon the successful activities from 2010. New activities for 2011 include a team roping, the Round Up Bake Off, a horseshoes tournament, Cowboy Copter Rides, and multiple performances by the Cowographers, a 35 to 70 member old west performance group that brings their own old west town front with them. There will again be music all day, featuring several local artists and bands. We’ll have more rounds of the very popular Round Up Roulette. It’s our own circular version of cow patty bingo, with lots of different prizes and lots of laughs. We also are working to double the size of our Round Up Trade Show featuring quality artists and tradesmen, which is sure to make our Round Up Raffle an even bigger hit in 2011. Most of the artists and crafters participate in the Round Up Trade Show by donating a quality item of their own design to the Round Up Raffle. We’re talking original art, quality wood designs, ornate metal work, pottery, candles, leather goods, and more. Every item in the raffle has a retail value of at least $50, but the Round Up Raffle tickets are only $5 or five for $20. You need not be present to win and the raffle will take place regardless of the weather. There are free Buckaroo Games and other activities for kids; good clean fun all day. And, of course, there will be plenty of good food; in addition to competing for cash and other prizes, our professional chuck wagon teams will cook for 480 meal ticket holders, and several popular food vendors will be there to satisfy those that miss out on a chuck wagon meal ticket.

We’ll again round out the day with our evening Cowboy Up Auction of exceptional donated items followed by the Round Up Dance featuring South Texas favorite, Cactus Country. The auction features many one of a kind items to fit all budgets and tastes—check our website for a list of items, as it grows daily. In addition to Country Fried Steak, Beans, Potatoes, Bread and Cobbler served from 1 to 2 pm, the $15 Chuck Wagon Meal ticket includes daytime admission to the grounds, and a chance to win an $800 Browning Shotgun. The Round Up Dance requires a separate $10 ticket, or the Chuck Wagon Meal ticket and Round Up Dance ticket can be purchased together for $22. Tickets for the meal and the dance are limited, so be sure to purchase yours early at www.collegeforcowboys.org. Daytime admission to the grounds without the meal is only $5 for adults and $2 for kids age 6 to 12. Vista Genetics will again sponsor one of the chuck wagons at the event and provide heifers for Round Up Roulette, but the Vista influence in the event and the cause behind the event runs even deeper. Patricia Boll serves as DEF Secretary and she and Virgil are Founders of the organization. Jeff Diles is the current President of the foundation and also chairs the Event Over Sight Committee. In its first year, DEF provided scholarship funds to 64% of the 2010 graduates of D’Hanis High School, and also established the Cowboys and Cowgirls Future Fund which will provide scholarships to graduates beginning with the class of 2022. The goal of DEF is to assist every DHS graduate in expanding their education beyond the high school level. Whether they choose to enroll in college, junior college, technical or trade school, or enlist in a branch of the US military, our goal is to help them better themselves. The 2011 Cowboy Country Roundup is scheduled for Saturday, February 26 at the Medina County Fairgrounds in Hondo, Texas. It is a great cause and a whole lot of fun. Hope to see you there!

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Vista Red Angus The goal of our Red Angus program is balanced performance, with an emphasis on calving ease. “Trouble-free” best describes the Red Angus influenced female. She is an easy-fleshing, fertile, docile, low-maintenance, beef machine. When you also consider that Red Angus is the only breed currently making real progress in developing EPDs for reproduction, fertility, and longevity traits, it is no wonder Red Angus influenced females are gaining popularity. We believe that beef heifers should be bred to calve, unassisted, as two-year-olds, breed back for a second calf in a limited breeding season, and raise a calf that fits today’s market. Red Angus has been a key ingredient for achieving these things in our commercial operations, and we believe there is no other breed that can contribute more in this situation. We have bred our commercial heifers to moderate birth weight EPD Red Angus bulls for the last several years with tremendous success, and our Missouri commercial herd is almost exclusively made up of Red Angus-Sired females. We believe that Vista Red Angus genetics can have a positive effect on the bottom line of any breeding program.

CATEGORY – Breed category code; A = 100% Red Angus pedigree with no disqualifying characteristics (extra white or scurrs) B = 87% to 99% Red Angus pedigree with no disqualifying characteristics (extra white or scurrs) II = Any animal not meeting A or B requirements. DOB - Date of Birth; provided to assist in fair visual evaluation. SCROTAL - Scrotal circumference is provided in centimeters; scrotal circumference is a good indicator of fertility and early maturity. Bulls were measured at yearling, and all bulls with less than 30 cm scrotal circumference were culled. The scrotal circumference provided in this catalog was taken on September 28, 2010. FRAME – Average Frame Score; Calculated from three serial hip height measurements, frame score is a convenient way of describing the skeletal size of cattle, because it changes relatively little as the animal increases in age and height. VGR – Vista Growth Ratio; Indexing ratio to compare growth potential in the bulls as determined during grow out phase of production. The VGR is calculated from average daily gain ratios and weight per day of age. REA – Ultrasound Rib Eye Area Ratio. R/CWT – Ultrasound Rib Eye Area per Hundred Pounds Ratio. Considering both REA and R/CWT weight provides a much clearer picture of the differences in muscling between bulls. Because all of our bulls are grown out under the same conditions, it can be safely assumed that a great deal of the variation between bulls for REA and R/CWT is due to genetic differences for muscling. A ratio of greater than 100 (average) indicates more overall muscling compared to the average of the contemporary group. IMF – Ultrasound Intramuscular Fat Ratio; An IMF ratio of greater than 100 (average) indicates more intramuscular fat (or marbling potential) compared to the average of the contemporary group.

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Expected Progeny Differences. We place a great deal of emphasis on EPDs in our breeding programs, because they are the best estimate of the relative genetic value of beef cattle (for all traits with an EPD). The breed percentile rank for each EPD is also included. BW – Birth Weight EPD; A sire’s expected progeny difference (lb) for mature dam equivalent birth weight of calf. Progeny of sires with lower birth weight EPD values will generally be born with less calving difficulty. WW – Weaning weight EPD; A sire’s expected progeny difference (lb) for 205-day, mature dam equivalent weaning weight. A sire’s weaning weight EPD is an indication of growth to weaning. It does not indicate milk production. YW – Yearling weight EPD; A sire’s expected progeny difference (lb) for 365-day, mature dam equivalent yearling weight. The yearling weight EPD is a measure of growth from birth to one year of age. MK – Milk EPD; The expected difference (due to milk production alone) in weaning weight of calves out of a bull’s daughters compared to calves from daughters of a bull with a zero maternal weaning EPD. The maternal weaning EPD is a measure of both growth and milking ability and is an indication of the size of calf a bull’s daughter will wean. MW – Maternal weaning EPD; The expected overall difference (lb) in weaning weight of calves out of a bull’s daughters compared to calves from daughters of a bull with a zero maternal weaning EPD. The maternal weaning EPD is a measure of both growth and milking ability. STY – Stayability EPD; The expected difference in probability of daughters staying in the herd to at least the age of 6 years. Since cows are usually only culled before the age of six, the EPD is primarily a measure of sustained fertility in female offspring. REA – Ribeye Area EPD; Describes relative genetic differences in muscling as measured by ribeye area. MRB – Marbling EPD; Numeric value assigned to varying levels of intramuscular fat. Utilized as one of the primary factors in determining quality grade. Breed average or higher for marbling score EPD is desirable.


RED ANGUS BULLS This year Vista is the source for consistent calving ease performance Red Angus bulls. The average birth weight EPD of this offering is –2.8. That’s an average on sixteen bulls that puts them in the top 8% of the breed for low birth weight. In fact only one bull in this offering does not have a negative birth weight EPD, but he still is below +1.5. And we lead off with one of the best calving ease bulls we’ve ever raised - sleep-all-night calving ease and exceptional performance on test. We didn’t get a picture of Lot 101, but this Rambler son would have made it to the top end of the sale on his looks alone - long, deep and thick and smooth travelling. Lot 202 is another Rambler son with a little less growth performance, but multiple AI generations for dependable calving ease. Lot 203 was the highest growth bull on test, but still in the top 10% of the breed for calving ease direct. And, he is just as thick as his ultrasound ribeye would suggest. Lot 204 is a deep ribbed, thick made, easy keeper - the ideal type for siring low-cost replacement females.

Lot 202

Lot 203

In 2010 Adam finished first in record book, and second in interview at the inaugural commercial heifer competition in Medina county. For 2011 Adam purchased a set of Vista Red Angus sired heifers from Joe Schwarz in Laredo. Joe was kind enough to let Adam sort from the very top end of his 40+ Red Angus X Braford cross heifers. The heifers sell Friday, January 28th.

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RED ANGUS BULLS

Lot 205

Lot 205, according to ultrasound, REA EPD, and in person, is a Red Angus outlier for muscling. Lots 206, 207 &208 are full brothers out of our D080 donor, one of the few Red Angus cows we have ever flushed - she was just that good. Every natural son of D080 whether purebred or hybrid topped our sale. The sire of these calves, P7021, may be the best Cherokee Canyon son in the breed. Take a close look at the carcass EPDs here. Lot 209 is a little smaller framed, but with all the right numbers, including the second highest scan for marbling. He is smooth deep and long made.

Lot 207

Lot 209

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RED ANGUS BULLS More proof that the now deceased D080 cow was exceptional: Lots 210, 213, 214, 215, 216 all carry her influence in their lineage. Quality type, calving ease, and carcass through the end of the offering.

Lot 211

Lot 216

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(LIGHT BULB MOMENT, Continued from page 3)

There is no question that the annual variable costs for a large cow are higher than a small cow. We have estimated that the annual DM intake increases approximately 550 pounds and supplement costs increase $15 - $20 for every 100 pound increase in body weight. The question becomes, can she wean a sufficiently heavier calf to offset these increased costs? According to the data in Table 3 from North Dakota State University it appears that as cows become larger it becomes increasingly difficult for them to maintain a level of productivity to offset the increasing costs.

Table 2.

Annual DM intake for cows of varying weights Cow’s Weight 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700

Annual DM Intake (lbs.) 7,654 8,249 8,793 9,329 9,870 10,424 10,950 11,505 12,038

However, her production efficiency is appreciably different than the one that produced a 617-pound calf. If calves return $1.00 per pound (again to keep the math simple) then the gross revenue difference between the two is $45. Additionally, we know the larger cow requires more inputs and likely incurs greater costs making the net economic difference between the two even greater. That net difference could be near $100 when one considers the cost of the higher level of energy consumption of the larger cow. Arbitrarily assigning the average of the entire herd’s per cow cost to an individual cow or one of the weight groups in the table is misleading.

At least for the year in question, not Doing so very likely overstates the costs only did the heavier cows not produce for the 1200-pound cows and understates heavier calves they actually produced the costs for the 1600-pound group. lighter calves. If this were a dry year Calculated from NRC, 2002 where quality and quantity of forage The big cows may still be profitable if limited DM intake then it makes perfect they are producing a calf near our 600-pound goal or the herd sense that the larger cows with the higher maintenance average, but we shouldn’t let their calves’ weights mask their requirements would suffer the most. excessive size and the fact that they are less efficient.

If heavier cows are profitable then they will likely remain in the herd, but they should not be provided extra inputs over those provided to the more efficient cows to keep them productive. These are the extra costs that efficient operations do not incur. When these larger cows are no longer generating a positive return they should be replaced with ones like those in the 1200-pound group. Doing so will help drive the cost per cow lower in the operation and improve efficiency. Those cows in the three heavier weight groups in Table 3 generated less revenue and likely incurred more cost than the two lighter groups. Information like that in the above table on individual cows provides sufficient information to evaluate which ones are the most productive and efficient. Using what we know about the relationship between cow size and nutritional inputs we can make sound decisions regarding which cows are making a positive contribution to the bottom line and more importantly those that are not. WR

Table 3.

Weaning weight performance for cows of varying weight groups. Let’s go back to our factory example and replace the kilowatts with the cow weight groups from Table 3. The 1200pound cows produced 617 pounds of output and the 1500pound cows produced 598 pounds. It does not take long to figure out which cows are generating the highest net return once we realize that heavier cows incur higher costs. Even though we do not know the exact cost for each group the implication of a net return difference between the two is intuitive. As forage costs increase, the net return difference increases between the two weight groups. If we do not know the weight of our cows then we simply look at calf weight to evaluate how good of a job the cow is doing. We would likely conclude that a cow that produces a 572pound calf is “doing a good job” and would likely remain in the herd.

Weight Group 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600

Average Weight 1242 1357 1456 1549 1698

Weaning Weight 617 611 589 598 572

Percent 49.7% 45.0% 40.5% 38.6% 33.7%

K. Ringwall, 2008 Beef Talk, Dickinson Research Extension Center, DickinsonNRC, 2002

Bryan McMurry, with Cargill Animal Nutrition, earned his Masters Degree in Animal Breeding and Genetics, and a Ph.D. in Animal Science from Texas A&M University

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When most people think of seedstock production, they think purebred. The commercial industry, however, has long been dependent upon hybrid or crossbred seedstock for replacement females. The Vista definition of seedstock also includes hybrids, because we believe in taking full advantage of hybrid vigor and breed complementarity. Composite cattle have gained considerable popularity since the early 90’s, and for good reason. Composites provide for one of the easiest breeding schemes to maintain high levels of hybrid vigor while simultaneously maintaining market fitness and environmental fitness in all offspring. Once the composite is formed it becomes essentially a straight breeding population; bulls and cows of the same breed makeup are bred to each other to produce subsequent generations, so there is no need to maintain more than one main herd or manage complicated cross breeding schemes. However, in most cases, developing a composite population requires a substantial investment of resources. An additional concern in composite development is true environmental fitness. Even if the right combination of breeds are used, a composite developed in one environment may not adapt well in another. We believe the best alternative is to work with each producer and his own (already well-adapted) cows to develop a custom composite population with true environmental fitness. And we believe that the way to do it is with the…

VISTA ADAPTOR

HYBRID

The Vista Adaptor Hybrid is a product of combing the Vista Braunvieh and Vista Red Angus programs into a line of hybrids that carry the best attributes of both programs. The Adaptor Hybrid is sensible seedstock, the kind that can improve the market fit of Brahman influenced commercial females without diminishing environmental fit. Big, thick, white-nosed, brindle bulls are a given at the Vista Vantage on Value bull sale. We first introduced Adaptor hybrids in 1999 and they became a trademark of our program. New comers to the sale always raise an eyebrow the first time they see these bulls, but when they study the bulls and their performance, they always begin to see what we originally saw; these bulls fit South Texas and their calves fit the market. Every year, the interest from calf buyers gets stronger for Vista sired calves, and more and more it is the Adaptor calves that attract the most attention. And, the heifer mates to these bulls have made some of the most productive cows you could ask for; moderate framed, big barreled, extremely fertile, perfect uddered, durable females. We now have Adaptor Hybrid bulls in any color you might want, but they are some of the greenest bulls you can find anywhere; green as in fitting the environment and green as in more cash in your pocket.

DOB - Date of Birth; provided to assist in fair visual evaluation. SCROTAL - Scrotal circumference is provided in centimeters; scrotal circumference is a good indicator of fertility and early maturity. Bulls were measured at yearling, and all bulls with less than 30 cm scrotal circumference were culled. The scrotal circumference provided in this catalog was taken on September 28, 2010. FRAME – Average Frame Score; Calculated from three serial hip height measurements, frame score is a convenient way of describing the skeletal size of cattle, because it changes relatively little as the animal increases in age and height. VGR – Vista Growth Ratio; Indexing ratio to compare growth potential in the bulls as determined during grow out phase of production. The VGR is calculated from gain ratios and weight per day of age ratios. REA – Ultrasound Rib Eye Area Ratio. R/CWT – Ultrasound Rib Eye Area per Hundred Pounds Ratio. Considering both REA and R/CWT weight provides a much clearer picture of the differences in muscling between bulls. Because all of our bulls are grown out under the same conditions, it can be safely assumed that a great deal of the variation between bulls for REA and R/CWT is due to genetic differences for muscling. A ratio of greater than 100 (average) indicates more overall muscling compared to the average of the contemporary group. IMF – Ultrasound Intramuscular Fat Ratio; An IMF ratio of greater than 100 (average) indicates more intramuscular fat (or marbling potential) compared to the average of the contemporary group.

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The EPD estimates on our Adaptor Hybrid bulls were calculated as part of the BAA National Cattle Evaluation and are presented on the Braunvieh base. The breed percentile rank for each EPD is also included. BW – Birth Weight EPD; A sire’s expected progeny difference (lb) for mature dam equivalent birth weight of calf. Progeny of sires with lower birth weight EPD values will generally be born with less calving difficulty. WW – Weaning weight EPD; A sire’s expected progeny difference (lb) for 205-day, mature dam equivalent weaning weight. A sire’s weaning weight EPD is an indication of growth to weaning. It does not indicate milk production. YW – Yearling weight EPD; A sire’s expected progeny difference (lb) for 365-day, mature dam equivalent yearling weight. The yearling weight EPD is a measure of growth from birth to one year of age. MK – Milk EPD; The expected difference (due to milk production alone) in weaning weight of calves out of a bull’s daughters compared to calves from daughters of a bull with a zero milk EPD. A higher EPD indicates that the bull’s daughters should produce more pounds of calf due to increased milk production, but a higher EPD may also indicate a need for higher nutritional inputs to sustain the increased milk production. MW – Maternal weaning EPD; The expected overall difference (lb) in weaning weight of calves out of a bull’s daughters compared to calves from daughters of a bull with a zero maternal weaning EPD. The maternal weaning EPD is a measure of both growth and milking ability and is an indication of the size of calf a bull’s daughter will wean.


ADAPTOR HYBRID BULLS We begin our Adaptor offering this year with Brindle bulls, and the first five are K486 sons out of some of our top young Red Angus cows. K486 is one of the best sons of our tremendous producing E570 cow. He topped our 2001 sale going to Spade Ranches. In 2004 we were thrilled to have the opportunity to buy him back and have used him extensively through natural service and AI. Lot 301 is as good a brindle Adaptor as we have ever offered. Positive for every measure on test, thick, deep and long bodied, he is good in any color. Sort Lots 301 thru 305 as you need‌ More marbling, more muscling, and/or more growth, one or more of these K486 sons will fit.

Brindle

Brindle

Lot 302 Brindle

Brindle

Lot 304

Brindle

Vista Adaptor Hybrids thrive in some of the toughest environments. If a cow can make it there, an Adaptor bull can service her there.

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ADAPTOR HYBRID BULLS

Brindle

Lots 306 thru 309 Red Angus sired out of Braunvieh cows. Lots 306 and 307 are M7400 sons with exceptional growth EPDs, and Lots 308 and 309 are R106 sons, each with tremendous depth and thickness. Lot 310 is the last calf sired by our 481M Angus bull and one of only two first generation black Adaptor bulls in this year’s offering. But, WOW, what a set of numbers. And, he is super gentle, thick and deep to boot.

Brindle

Lot 305

Brindle

Lot 308 Brindle

Black

Lot 310

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ADAPTOR HYBRID BULLS Lot 311 is a black bull from a different angle. He is Red Angus sired, but out of one of the very few black Braunvieh cows at Vista. He is also the lowest birth weight Adaptor in the bunch and one of the highest marbling. Lot 312 begins a run of another eight K486 sons. Some brindle, some brown, but all thick and deep and raised at the side of 1st quality Red Angus cows. In fact, since bulls are our business, we make no distinction as to which cows should be used for Purebred versus Hybrid production. We strive to breed the best to the best, regardless of which flavor of bull we’re producing. You should expect no less.

Black

Brindle

Lot 312

9054

Brindle

Lot 313 Brindle

Brown

Lot 315

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ADAPTOR HYBRID BULLS

Brown

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Lot 319

Brindle

I didn’t realize that corn shucking was part of the requirement for the girls of the Medina County Fair court. I could have guessed, however, that little brother Wyatt would think nothing of jumping in to try his hand at the… er, sport? of corn shucking.

Brindle

And, I should have known that Cassie and I were standing too close and laughing too hard at the girls to not get coerced in to competing as well. I guess the fact that there were no dads of the previous year’s court in sight should have tipped me off. The world champion corn shucker certainly does not have to worry about his title being threatened by the Diles family.

Brindle

Brindle

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F2ADAPTOR HYBRID BULLS Lot 321 begins this year’s offering of Second Generation, or F2, Vista Adaptor Hybrid bulls. These bulls are produced by mating Adaptor Hybrid females to some of the highest IMF ratio Adaptor Hybrid bulls that we raise. These calves were produced and raised in a purely commercial setting, so complete pedigrees are not available for all of them. Their dams are not registered, so EPDs are also not generated for these bulls. They are, however, culled mercilessly ...

… we started with 65 bull calves to get to the 18 head in this year’s offering. If you are looking for black, we do have an exceptional set of second generation black Adaptors - Lots 321 thru 326. Our lead of black bull is as good looking as he is good performing. Lot 321 is long, deep and thick and catches the eye immediately. His is a bit excitable when by himself. Lots 322, 323 and 324 are much the same in terms of type, all front pasture bulls. Getting good pictures is easy when the bulls are this good. All four of these bulls are also smooth polled, and you can expect moderate birth weights with ample growth to weaning and beyond.

Lot 322

Lot 323

Lot 324 23


F2 ADAPTOR HYBRID BULLS Lots 325 is another powerfully built young black bull. Lot 326 is a good choice in black for calving ease. Lot 327 begins a set of six brown colored Adaptors. Funny thing, that Braunvieh color gene. Luckily, as you will see in these bulls, color has no effect on quality. Lot 327 is a meat wagon, with at least two extra ribeye steaks in him. You can see the Chinook influence in this calf. Lot 328 happens to be a maternal brother to the old L727 bull that has sired all of our BARB bulls to date. It is no coincidence that the good ones continue to show up.

Lot 327

Lot 330

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F2ADAPTOR HYBRID BULLS We finish up our Adaptors with six more brindle bulls beginning with lot 333. And, when the bulls are good enough to easily get good pictures through the end of the sale order, there is not much use in adding lots of footnotes. Help yourself.

Lot 333

Lot 334

Lot 335

Lot 337 25


BARB COMPOSITE BULLS Building a quality composite starts with a reliable base of breeds... Vista’s BARB Composite combines the very best of Vista’s Braunvieh and Red Angus breeding programs with select Brahman AI sires to create a more tropical version of the Adaptor Hybrid.

Vista’s

BARB

Composite is:

3/8 Braunvieh X 3/8 Red Angus X 1/4 Brahman BARB Composite bulls are ideal for building replacement females with unmatched maternal strengths, and desirable carcass qualities, while still well adapted to hotter and more humid production environments.

Lot 401

What an impressive calf! Lot 401 carries all the thickness and depth we expect from our Adaptors with just a touch more leg and leather. He scanned like a Braunvieh for muscle and a Red Angus for marbling, and he out grew everything. Lot 402 is the most even tempered BARB bull we’ve ever produced - he is as calm as any other bull in the offering. Lot 403 is the moderate framed, easy-keeping kind. He is long and thick made with exception ultrasound results. He does not like being alone, but is completely content with other cattle.

We hope you found what you needed in this year’s sale. If not, we usually have a few bulls in the spring, or we can direct you to other breeders with what you need. We really do want to help you in any way we can. Our success is tied to yours.

Remember, we’re on the web ...

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Lot 402


Terms and Conditions Except for those stated in the below terms and conditions, there are no warranties, either expressed or implied, as to merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose with respect to the cattle being sold. The warranties and guarantees set forth in these “Terms and Conditions” are in lieu of all other warranties and guarantees, either expressed or implied, and remedies provided therein shall be the sole and exclusive remedy of the purchaser or any party claiming through purchaser, for any breach of warranty or guarantee therein provided, and all other obligations or liabilities.

BIDDING

REGISTRATION TRANSFER

Each lot will be sold to the highest bidder, with the auctioneer settling any bidding disputes.

Registration certificates for each registered bull will be transferred to purchaser at no charge.

TERMS of the sale are cash or check to the clerk at the conclusion of the sale.

OPTIONS AND PRIVILEDGES OF RETURN OR ADJUSTMENT

ANNOUNCEMENTS Any verbal or written announcements made on sale day will take precedence over all previously printed information. Every effort has been made to insure the correctness of all presented information on the animals, and in most cases, taken from the respective breed association’s official records.

IDENTIFICATION Seller offers each animal with a readable tattoo corresponding to its catalog designation and registration, when applicable.

PURCHASER’S RISK

Each animal sold will be at the purchaser’s risk as soon as sold, but it shall be the obligation of the seller to see that the animal is fed and cared for free of charge to the purchaser until loaded for shipment or until the expiration of 72 hours (72 hours after completing TB tests for animal requiring such test). Care and feeding of animals not picked up within the 72 hour period (except for those to be delivered by the seller) will be charged to the purchaser at a rate of $3.50 per day for each full day of care.

BREEDING GUARANTEE

1. All animals are guaranteed to be breeders with the exception of; a) Injury or disease occurring to the animal after time of sale; b) Gross negligence or willful misconduct on the part of the purchaser; c) Animals shown competitively after being purchased from Vista Genetics. 2. Any bull which either 1) settles 1/3 or more of the healthy cows he services; 2) is the sire of 20 or more animals; or 3) settles cows by natural service and passes a fertility test made by a competent veterinarian during any 6 month trial (provided for in Paragraph 2 of the section of these sale terms and conditions entitled “Options and Privileges or Return or Adjustment”) shall be considered a breeder. Any guarantees with respect to the ability to freeze semen shall be made by separate agreement between the Purchaser and Seller.

SELLER’S SEMEN RIGHTS

1. Seller reserves the right to keep a breeding interest in any bull sold. Future semen collections of the bull must be made known to all owners and be performed at the convenience of the owner with possession rights. These collections and costs will be divided according to each owner’s interest, unless otherwise agreed upon mutually by all owners. 2. On any and all other bulls in the sale which are collected in the future, Seller reserves the right to 100 units of semen with registration rights and will pay his portion of the collection costs.

1. The following adjustments do not preclude the right of the Purchaser and Seller to mutually agree upon other terms and conditions for settlement of any dispute. All claims for adjustment or refund must be made in writing either within six (6) months from the date of sale or no later than when the animal reaches 24 months of age, whichever occurs later, with the exception of claims involving parentage or defects. 2. All returns or refunds will be paid in the form of a credit. This credit will be limited to the purchase price less the salvage value of the animal and usage fees. a. Salvage Value = Market price x catalog weight or current weight (which ever is greater). b. Usage fee is set at 25% of purchase value of the animal for each season of use. 3. In the event an animal is claimed to be a non-breeder, the animal may be returned to the seller, at Purchaser’s expense, if in good physical condition, and the return is in compliance with the health requirements of the seller’s state. The seller shall be entitled to a six (6) month trial period following the return of the animal in which to prove that the animal is a breeder. If at the end of six (6) months the seller is unable to prove the animal is a breeder, the seller shall, at the option of the Purchaser, replace the animal with another of equal value or grant the Purchaser a credit on any products marketed by Seller. Either of these options shall be deemed full satisfaction and settlement. If the Seller proves the animal to be a breeder, it shall be the obligation of the Purchaser to take delivery of the animal and pay all expenses incurred for transportation.

HEALTH PAPERS for transit within the state of Texas will be

furnished for each animal sold. Health papers will also be provided for bulls traveling outside the state, but, depending on additional testing requirements, may not be available sale day.

GENETIC DEFECTS

Vista Genetics guarantees all animals to be free of any known genetics defects. Should a Vista bull be proven to have sired a defective animal, Vista Genetics will not only provide the buyer with credit on the bull as described previously, but will also pay the buyer for the defective calf at the current market price for a 600 lb. steer.

RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS

These terms and conditions of sale shall constitute a contract between the Purchasers and Sellers of each animal and shall be equally binding upon both. Each sale or resale of an animal constitutes a separate transaction.

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Vista Genetics 4465 FM 1796 D’Hanis, Texas 78850

Vista 2010 Bull Sale Catalog  

Vista Genetics 2010 bull sale catalog. Braunvieh, Red Angus, Adaptor Hybrid and BARB composite bulls. October 30, 2010

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