Glorieta José Gálvez y Muelle Fiscal de Ilo © Rafael Cornejo / PROMPERÚ
Moquegua A practical guide for visitors
The city of Moquegua was founded by the Spanish in 1541 with the name Villa de Santa Catalina from the Moquegua Valley, and its inhabitants dedicated themselves to wine making.
Co Catedral Santo Domingo © Raúl García / PROMPERÚ
Southern coast of Peru
Moquegua (1410 meters)
Min.: 5 meters (Pueblo Nuevo)
Max.: 3756 meters (Ichuña)
Climate Temperature Max.:
Dec - Mar
June - Sept
Mar - June
Sept - Dec
Arriving By land
1146 km / 16 hr. Arequipa-Moquegua: 227 km / 4 hr. Tacna-Moquegua: 159 km / 2 hr.
By air Lima - Ilo :
1 hr. 25 min
Easter in Omati (General Sánchez Cerro)
Charango de Oro Festival (Mariscal Nieto)
Grape Harvest Festival (Mariscal Nieto and General Sánchez Cerro)
Ilo Tourism Week
Santa Fortunata Festival (Mariscal Nieto)
Moquegua Tourism Week (Mariscal Nieto)
What to eat? Gastronomy on the Moquegua coast is enriched by marine products such as fish and shellfish. Emblematic dishes include chicharrón de pulpo (fried octopus), picante de mariscos (a shellfish stew of potato puree and chili with limpets and mussels) and soups such as chupín de pejesapo (clingfish) and shellfish aguadito. In the Andean region, the guinea pig is fried, or used in preparations such as picante de cuy (a stew with peanut sauce and chili). The Moquegua patasca (offal broth with corn and mint) and chupe de camarones (a shrimp soup with milk, eggs and oregano) are other common dishes. The region is also well-known for its breads and sweets; manjar blanco (blancmange), guargüeros (a pastry) and dulce de membrillo (sweet quince). In addition to its wines and Piscos, liqueurs such as leche de monja (nun’s milk) made from Pisco, egg and lemon and chimbango (made from figs) are consumed in Moquegua.
What to buy? Accustomed to protecting themselves from the cold, the region’s inhabitants are skilled weavers. Using wool from the alpaca and the sheep, they create sweaters, belts and vests, among other items of clothing. Wood working is popular in the Andean region for furniture and clay is used for tableware as well as other embossed copper utilitarian items.
By private travel from the city of Moquegua to the cities of: DESTINATION
Omate (Sánchez Carrión Province)
Ilo (Ilo Province)
Traditional costumes © Giancarlo Alcázar Badoino / GERCETUR Moquegua
(the minimum recommended stay)
1 day Ilo Province (Main Square, church, Fiscal Pier, José Gálvez Rotunda, esplanade, Pozo de Lizas seaside resort and Puerto Inglés).
1 day Moquegua district (the Pisco and wine trail, Contisuyo Museum, Main Square, Cathedral, Virgin de Santa Fortunata Urn, lookout, Cristo Blanco, hanging bridge and Chen Chen tombs).
1 day Mariscal Nieto Province (Torata Valley, Cerro Baúl archeological site,
Virgen de la Candelaria temple, stone mills, Mollesaja countryside and waterfalls).
Departmental capital Provincial capital District capital
THE PISCO ROUTE
Bodega El Mocho to Torata, Puno, Cusco
Bodega Don Camilo Bodega Paredes Bodega Parras y Reyes
to Arequipa, Lima
to Ilo, Tacna
to Arequipa, Lima
Cerro Baúl Archaeolog
Platanales Beach Waikiki Beach
ILO Boca del Río Beach Pueblo Nuevo El Algarrobal Fiscal Pier Ilo Puerto Inglés Punta Coles National Reserve Pozo de Lisas Beach Tronco de Oro Beach
Natural Protected Area
alinas and Aguada ca National Reserve
GENERAL SÁNCHEZ CERRO Matalaque
Ticsani Valley Carumas
Putina Hot Springs Calacoa Cuchumbaya
Pasto Grande Dam
to Desaguadero Viscacha Lagoon
Cuajone Mine Torata
Samegua The Pisco Route
What to see? Mariscal Nieto Province Moquegua Main Square
The city’s most emblematic buildings surround this square. In its center there is an ornamental fountain produced by the Parisian foundry, Jean-Jacques Ducel et Fils. It was installed in 1877 and represents Thalia, Aglaea and Euphrosyne, the three graces of Greek mythology.
The Wall of the Church of Santa Catalina de Alejandría
Cl. Moquegua s/n, Main Square. The quarried-stone facade of this church built in 1660 and reconstructed in 1792 stands out. Some “stonemasons’ marks” can be seen, that record the participation of indigenous communities in its construction. A mural painted by indigenous artists at the end of the 18th century appears on the inner side.
The Contisuyo Museum
Cl. Moquegua s/n, Main Square. Opening hours, Wed - Mon: 8:00 am - 5:30 pm / Tues: 8:00 am - 12:00 pm and 4:00 pm – 8:00 pm. Ticket entry. This museum is located behind the mother church’s facade and exhibits ceramics, textiles, and metal pieces from the Wari and Tiahuanaco cultures. It also houses a collection of archeological discoveries from Pre-Inca cultures that occupied the Moquegua and Ilo valleys, such as the Chiribaya, the Tumilaca and the Estuquiña.
Directorate of Culture - The Old Jail
Cl. Ayacucho cuadra 5, Main Square. Opening hours, Mon-Fri: 8:30 am - 12:30 am / 2:30 pm - 5:00 pm. This is one of the city’s oldest buildings. Until 1762 it was used to detain rebels. During the War of the Pacific it functioned as a general barracks. Subsequently and until 1985, it was a prison. It has been restored and today it shows off its original floor.
De La Flor Angulo Traditional Moquegua House
Cl. Ayacucho, Cuadra 5. The front of this 18th century mansion is notable for its Seville iron faux railed windows and its balcony, the longest in the south of the country.
Vargas Morán House
Cl. Áncash 453. Opening hours, Mon-Fri: 8:30 am - 1:00 pm / 2:30 pm - 6:30 pm This traditional 19th century mansion has wooden floors and doors, carved stone courtyards, adobe walls and a slate roof.
Cl. Áncash cuadra 4. Opening hours, Mon-Fri: 8:00 am - 6:00 pm A knock on the door provides the visitor access to this 19th century mansion that preserves furniture and decoration of the era.
House of the Count of Alastaya
Cl.Moquegua cuadra 4. This mansion with its heraldic shield was built in 1750. It is notable for the columns carved with representations of the area’s flora.
Moquegua Main Square © Raúl García / PROMPERÚ
The Church of Santo Domingo
Cl. Ayacucho, Cuadra 6. Visits by prior arrangement, telephone (053) 46 2011. The city’s Patron Saint, Santa Fortunata, is worshiped in Moquegua’s main church. The remains of the Catholic martyr were transferred here from Rome on October 8, 1798, and its holiday is on October 14.
Cl. Moquegua 851. This home has a beautiful stone facade and a wooden balcony.
Belén Church and Neighborhood
Prolongación Moquegua, Belén Main Square. This traditional suburb retains its colonial and republican architecture. A colonial hospital, one of the oldest in the country, stands out amongst the homes with mojinete roofs (shaped like a truncated pyramid) and wooden balconies.
The Pisco Route
The lower Moquegua valley and the Los Ángeles and Estuquiña valleys. Since colonial times, the Moquegua valleys have been great producers of grapes that their wineries process for the elaboration of Pisco. In this route you can see the vineyards and the techniques of handicraft production used in colonial wineries and also semi-industrial processes, as well as jars, barrels, vats and centennial stills, in a countryside and sunny environment that allows you to enjoy the beautiful countryside. • Bodega Biondi Km 1143 de la carretera Panamericana Sur, Valle de Moquegua. • Bodega El Mocho Fundo El Cuadrante, Mariscal Nieto. • Bodega Atencio Carretera Toquepala km 1.5, Zona Chen Chen, Mariscal Nieto. • Bodega Paredes Fundo La Chimba, sector el rayo. • Bodega Don Camilo Calle Anchas 465, Fundo Escapalate, Alto La Villa, Mariscal Nieto. • Bodega Parras y Reyes Fundo La Chimba, km 1 camino al rayo, Mariscal Nieto.
The Cristo Blanco Lookout
Cerro El Siglo, Moquegua district. The Cristo Blanco (White Christ) that crowns this natural lookout is the city’s guardian. Photographs of Moquegua’s impressive panorama and surroundings can be taken from the top of the hill.
The Chen Chen Geoglyphs
1.5 km to the southwest of the city of Moquegua (15 min. by car). This site is one of the most important selements of the Tiwanaku culture on the southern coast of Peru. The geoglyphs are primarily zoomorphic representations of camelids, drawn on the soil of a chain of hills. The silhouees are best appreciated very early in the day or at dusk.
3 km to the northeast of the city of Moquegua (5 min. by car). Is known as the “Avocado City”, because of the high quality of this fruit.
20 km to the northeast of the city of Moquegua (25 min. by car/40 min by bus). This is a traditional village of houses with mojinete roofs, set in beautiful countryside. It is notable for its archeological richness. The Inca administrative center of Sabaya is located in the surroundings, as well as the archeological sites of Torata, Camata and Cerro Baúl. The Torata stone mills are a reminder of its colonial past.
Cerro Baúl Archeological Site
18 km to the northeast of the city of Moquegua (20 min. by car). Opening hours, Mon - Fri: 8:00 am - 5:00 pm. Ticket entry. This walled city built by the Wari (AD 600 - 1100) is located at the top of a mountain with the shape of a trunk. It aracts those interested in rituals and offerings to the earth and the apus (mountain spirits).
The Mollesaja Waterfalls
20 km to the northeast of the city of Moquegua, in the Mollesaja Grande sector, the town Yacango in the Torata district (35 min, by car and 10 min. on foot). After walking through mountainsides, the visitor arrives at this waterfall of more than 100 meters in height, fed by the Pasto Grande Lagoon.
32 km to the northeast of the city of Moquegua (20-30 min. by car). From a lookout, the visitor can see how copper is extracted from this modern open-cut mine.
The Ticsani Valley
192 km to the north of the city of Moquegua (3-4 hr. by car). The villages of Carumas, Cuchumbaya and San Cristóbal are located in this Interandean valley, home to potato and oregano cultivation and the raising of livestock. In addition to its beautiful countryside, the valley’s main aractions include mountaineering and its Aymara traditions, such as the sarawaja dance.
The Putina Hot Springs
141 km to the north of the city of Moquegua, Calacoa village (4 hr. by car). The water at these hot springs is expelled to a height of 5 meters, creating a truly natural spectacle. Pools of varying sizes have formed in its surroundings.
Cerro Baúl Archeological Site © Raúl García / PROMPERÚ
General Sánchez Cerro Province Omate
147 km to the north of the city of Moquegua (6 hr. by car). The 17 population centers that make up the valley live on the fruit crop and the cale raising. The San Lino colonial temple is located in the main square of the town of Omate, built in adobe and with an altar of wood and bread gold. It is known for the "bread of Omate", which in the 19th century was prepared with wheat ground in hydraulic stone mills, located in the upper part of the town. Since 2010, its Holy Week is a Cultural Heritage of the Nation.
Ilo Province The San Jerónimo Temple
In the Main Square of the city of Ilo. Opening hours, Mon-Sun: 7:30 am - 8:30 am / 3:00 pm - 7:00 pm This temple with a single nave of wood and iron was constructed in 1871. It is notable for the bell in its tower inscribed with the year 1647. Its internal walls are decorated in gold leaf and what remains of its original murals, with their images of plants and angels.
Antique 19th century mansions characterized by their double mojinete roofs, their spacious rooms and their imposing facades with large gates and windows, are scaered throughout the city of Ilo. Amongst the most well-known are Gambea, Zapata, Valdivia, Segovia, Malatesta and Jiménez de la Flor.
The José Gálvez Rotunda and Fiscal Pier
Prol. calle 28 de Julio, on the Ilo esplanade. Emblematic construction of the city since 1915. The iron lookout sits on wooden supports over a crag of rock and joins the boardwalk by the Venus bridge. From there you can enjoy a beautiful view of the sea, the boats, the sea lions and the birds that visit the coast. The pier was built at the end of the 19th century to facilitate the port activity and next to it is the current wharf used by artisanal fishermen.
The Naval Museum
Prol. calle 28 de Julio, on the Ilo esplanade. Opening hours, Mon-Sun: 8:30 am - 1:00 pm / 2:00 pm - 5:00 pm The museum covers the War of the Pacific through an exhibition of navigational objects from the era and the manuscripts of Miguel Grau, the famous Peruvian admiral.
The Chiribaya Site Museum
Cl. El Algarrobal s/n (10 min. from the city of Ilo by car). Opening hours, Mon-Fri: 8:00 am - 3:30 pm / Sat-Sun: 9:00 am - 2:00 pm. Ticket entry. The museum’s collection includes archeological pieces from the cultures that developed in Ilo, in particular the Chiribaya. It has a view to the El Algarrobal Valley and the Chiribaya Plantation, where Marshall Domingo Nieto was born.
The Punta Coles Guano Islands, Islets, and Capes National Reserve System
12 km to the south of the city of Ilo (15 min. by car). Visits by prior arrangement, email: email@example.com The reserve is the habitat for 3500 sea lions and species such as Humboldt penguins, oers and guano birds (pelicans, boobys, Inca terns and seagulls). It forms part of the Guano Islands, Islets, and Capes National Reserve System.
Beaches • Boca del río: 2 km to the north of the city of Ilo (8 min. by car). The Ilo River empties here, hence the name. The beach has fine sand and behind the rocks is Conchuela, another beach with fine views of the bay. • Waikiki: 37 km to the north of the city of Ilo (30 min. by car). This beach is ideal for camping and has fine and clear sand. Archeological remains can be found in the neighboring hills. • Platanales: 37 km to the north of the city of Ilo (30 min. by car). The caves at this beach with fine sand contain petroglyphs. Camping is possible. • Puerto Inglés: 2 km to the south of the city of Ilo (5 min. by car). The cliffs here form a natural pool of calm, crystal clear water. • Pozo de Lisas: 7 km to the south of the city of Ilo (12 min. by car). The idyllic beach of clear sand and calm waters has restaurant facilities. • Tronco de Oro: 29 km to the south of the city of Ilo (30 min. by car). With fine sand and tranquil waters, this beach is ideal for camping.
Moquegua City Center City limit Main river Urban area
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
The Wall of the Church of Santa Catalina de Alejandría and the Contisuyo Museum Directorate of Culture - The Old Jail De La Flor Angulo Traditional Moquegua House Vargas Morán House Chocano House House of the Count of Alastaya Church of Santo Domingo Victoria Bakery Dulcería Arias Mercedes Cabello de Carbonera Mansion Barrios House Belén Church and Neighborhood Cristo Blanco Lookout
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(01) 574-8000 24 hours firstname.lastname@example.org
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A publication by the Peru Export and Tourism Promotion Board - PROMPERU Calle Uno Oeste N° 50, piso 14, urb. Córpac, San Isidro, Lima - Perú Telephone: (51-1) 616-7300 www.promperu.gob.pe © PROMPERÚ. All rights reserved. Hecho el Depósito Legal en la Biblioteca Nacional del Perú N° 2017-11080 Imprenta: Quad/Graphics Perú S.A. (Av. Los Frutales No. 344, Ate Vitarte-Lima) Lima, agosto de 2017
The information in this brochure was updated in August 2017. In developing it, PROMPERU has used official information sources such as the Moquegua Regional Management of Foreign Trade and Tourism - GERCETUR Moquegua FREE DISTRIBUTION. NOT FOR SALE.