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Milton’s Legacy Forever Helps Suffolk Students For 36 years, Dr. Milton Liverman inspired Suffolk Public Schools students to excel. Starting his career as a math teacher, he retired after serving 10 years as Suffolk’s school superintendent. Although he passed away in 2017, Milton will forever help Suffolk Public Schools graduates through the permanent Dr. Milton R. Liverman Memorial Scholarship Fund at the community foundation.

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We will enrich the cultural community of the Commonwealth of Virginia through the passion, power and beauty of opera.

To engage, educate and excite a diverse base of audiences, volunteers and professionals through the production of quality opera performances in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

Virginia Opera Association, Inc., The Official Opera Company of the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a 501(c)(3) tax-deductible non-profit organization.



Virginia Opera is a unique opera company. I’m unsure that all of our many attendees and donors really realize that there is no other opera company in the United States that performs a full series of opera productions in three mainstage markets. Nowhere in America is there a professional opera company that has three permanent homes; Norfolk (since 1975), Richmond (since 1978), Fairfax (since 1992). Virginia Opera is a unique opera company. Very recently, Virginia Opera’s In-School Touring Program performed in Wise County, VA, and also in Accomack County, VA, and also in Loudon County, VA, and also in Southampton County, VA. From one corner of the state to another, Virginia Opera’s impact is literally felt statewide. No other state in America has a professional opera company’s Education Program reaching as wide a swath of citizens statewide. Virginia Opera’s main stage season each year features new, emerging talent. The names of many of Virginia Opera’s Herndon Foundation Emerging Artists over the years become fixtures in the world’s top opera houses. There is Diana Soviero and Renée Fleming from Virginia Opera’s early history. As the company continued to grow, Lawrence Brownlee and Ashley Putnam come to mind. Into the 21st Century, Grant Youngblood and Mary Elizabeth Williams rank right up there. And within the past ten years, Nadine Sierra, David Portillo, and David Pershall have developed significant worldwide careers. To name only a few; there truly are many more. And you saw them here. The legacy of Virginia Opera is one in which all Virginians can be proud. The General Assembly rightly so named Virginia Opera almost thirty years ago The Official Opera Company of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Some people who join Virginia Opera’s Board of Directors say that their first exposure to Virginia Opera was when the In-School Touring Program came into their elementary school, or when their high school music teacher took them to Student Night at the Opera – both of these regular, annual Virginia Opera educational initiatives make an impact. Students remember Virginia Opera. Adults who have attended Virginia Opera remember Virginia Opera, in large part because the high level of artistic quality has been the primary focus of the company for 45 years – and will continue to be for many years to come. For 15 of Virginia Opera’s 45 years I have been privileged to be a part of this enduring legacy of quality opera in the Commonwealth. It’s been so rewarding to witness personally time after time the excitement and rapt attention of elementary school Continued



students seeing opera for the first time in their schools. It’s been so rewarding to witness personally the artistic growth and the artistic accomplishment of the engaging and talented emerging artists that regularly grace our stages. It’s been so rewarding to work with dedicated artistic and production personnel who turn the rehearsal and production process into a spectacular artistic gem – such as this production of Aida. As I think about this final production of my tenure as President and CEO and look out at an organization that strives to bring the Commonwealth a level of quality opera that belies the size of its overall budget, I so appreciate the many dedicated people who work very hard to make this company great. I have to sincerely thank all of those people for allowing me to be a part of this hugely worthy endeavor that is professional opera in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Who will you trust?

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Volunteers work daily to ensure the company’s ability to produce opera of this caliber. Volunteers don’t always get the thanks that they deserve for their volunteer time, their cash contributions, and their steadfast advice and counsel. Virginia Opera is indeed fortunate to have had a consistently high level of

volunteer leadership for 45 years. The company would not be here today without those volunteers; on the Board, in our volunteer organizations, and assisting behind the scenes. I thank all of those wonderful volunteers with whom I have worked for fifteen years for their support and encouragement in both good times and challenging times. It’s meant a lot to me personally. Donors continue to be most generous to Virginia Opera. Over the past nine years, Virginia Opera’s level of contributed revenue has reached a new plateau. Over three and a half million contributed dollars annually come into Virginia Opera’s coffers from individuals, such as you, from small businesses and corporations, from philanthropic foundations, from public funding agencies and through special events revenue. That is two-thirds of the required revenue necessary to bring you the quality of opera that you have come to expect from and enjoy at Virginia Opera. A huge thank you to those many donors who believe in the mission of Virginia Opera and who directly contribute cash in support of that mission. It means a lot to the entire Commonwealth of Virginia.

Next season, 2020-2021, is another exciting season that you will not want to miss. Subscribe now – at this performance!! In the lobby!! I know that even though I’ll be retired from Virginia Opera, I’ll be attending Virginia Opera performances. The season is loaded with operatic treasures (Gilda’s aria, Caro nome, in Rigoletto being one – Cherubino’s aria, Voi che sapete, in The Marriage of Figaro being another), with new musical experiences (the choral drama of the men’s chorus singing Our Beautiful Country in Cold Mountain), and with fun and frivolity (any selection from The Pirates of Penzance). Go! Subscribe!! You’ll enjoy next season. As I started out saying at the beginning of this letter, Virginia Opera is unique. It is unique in its function as a statewide opera company – a role unsurpassed by any other opera company in the country. Though I will miss being a part of this quality operation, I know I leave it in the good hands of many dedicated volunteers and an amazing staff, and with incredible artistic leadership from Artistic Director Adam Turner, and three home locations that appreciate the company more and more every season. It’s been an honor and a privilege to be a part of it all. Sincerely,

Russell P. Allen President and CEO





As I walk through the halls of our Opera House, I can see the quiet satisfaction of another successful season for Virginia Opera on the faces of our hardworking staff and volunteers. This is the way it has been over the last 10 years under the leadership of our CEO, Russell Allan. What a great team Russell has assembled. He will be greatly missed, but we will remember the success that Virginia Opera has had under his leadership. The search is on for his replacement. Our first three operas have received critical acclaim and have enticed many new faces to attend. Cinderella was the youngest audience we have had in many seasons. It was heartwarming to see so many young people attending their first opera (wearing tiaras and princess gowns). Now the grand Aida! This show is spectacular and we believe you will be amazed and delighted. Our dear Lillian Groag is back again (the 26th time) as the director and our renowned Adam Turner is conducting. What a successful combination. As the season closes, a thank you to all our donors for supporting these superb performances and performers that have delighted our audiences. If you believe as I do that this season was a success, please help us with our “45 for 45 Campaign� to support another successful season next year. The Board of Directors is very grateful for how our communities have stepped up to insure a season of both artistic and financial success. Enjoy this marvelous production of Aida and we will see you next season. With gratitude,

Paul L Winslow Chair of the Board 7

2019-2020 BOARD OF DIRECTORS PAST CHAIRS Edythe C. Harrison Founding Chair 1974-1977 Stanley G. Barr, Jr. Esq. 1978-1979 Edythe C. Harrison 1979-1981 Walter P. Conrad, Jr. 1981-1983 Mary R. Albergotti 1983-1984 Edward S. Stein 1984-1985 Eleanor Bradshaw 1985-1986 Thomas H. Nicholson 1986-1988 Dorothy Doumar 1988-1989 Jane Patton Browning 1989-1990 Joyce H. Strelitz 1990-1992 Peter M. Huber, Esq. 1992-1994

Dixie Wolf 1994-1996 Peter M. Huber, Esq. 1996-1998 Alan D. Albert, Esq. 1998-2000 Robert M. Rubin, D.M.D 2000-2001 John Turbyfill 2001-2003 John Field 2003-2005 Allan S. Reynolds, Jr. 2005-2007 Mark T. Cox IV 2007-2009 Joan B. Miller 2009-2011 Alan D. Albert, Esq. 2011-2015 Allan S. Reynolds, Jr. 2015-2017 Elisabeth M. Wollan 2017-2019

OFFICERS AND EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 2019-2020 Paul Winslow, Chair Peter M. Huber, Esq., Secretary Marc Kirchner, Treasurer and Chair, Finance Committee Nancy Branch, Chair, Artistic Advisory Committee Allan S. Reynolds, Jr., Chair, Hampton Roads Development Committee Langdon T. Christian, IV, Chair, Central Virginia Development Committee Marilyn Scott, Chair, Education and Audience Development Committee Guy K. Tower, Chair, Governance and Nominating Committee Susan Quate, Chair, Marketing Committee Edith G. Grandy, Member-at-Large Raymond DeFrank, Member-at-Large Cynthia Holmes, Member-at-Large Christopher Coffing, President, Hampton Roads Board of Governors Michael B. Lott, President, Central Virginia Board of Governors Kym Hemley, President, Northern Virginia Board of Governors Henry Garrity, Chair, Virginia Opera Foundation Board Amber Reeves, President Virginia Opera Guild Elisabeth M. Wollan, Immediate Past Chair Russell P. Allen, President and CEO


Jeannie Baliles Stanley G. Barr, Jr. Esq. Lynn Carwell Christopher Coffing Stephen Z. Cook Benjamin Cottrell, Sr. Bess Decker Renee Gilman Kathy Heaton Andrea Holloway Kathleen LeMons Ina D. Levy Edward L. Lilly Diana Rupert Livingston Valerie Neff Gerald J. Pepe, Ph. D Patti Pusey S. Warren Richard C. Jeffers Schmidt, Jr. Nicolas Schuck Martha Lee Shaw Hon. Lydia C. Taylor William M. Waldrop, MD Deborah Wyld

2019-2020 BOARD OF GOVERNORS HAMPTON ROADS BOARD OF GOVERNORS Donna Allen Russell P. Allen Allen Baker Stanley G. Barr, Jr. Esq. Nancy Branch Lynn Carwell Christopher Coffing Stephen Cook Benjamin Cottrell, IV Bess Decker Raymond DeFrank Helle Dresdner Henry Garrity Marilyn Gindroz Edith Grandy Laura Gross Kathy Heaton Andrea Holloway Nancy Huber Peter Huber James Johnsen Lauren Kadish Mary Anne KellamCanada Brian Kint Marc C. Kirchner Robert Kuhlo Kathleen Le Mons Ina Levy Edward Lilly Linda Lilly Valerie Neff Tom Nicholson, III Gerald J. Pepe Susan Quate Amber Reeves Allan S. Reynolds, Jr. Warren Richard Dede Schneider

Nicolas Schuck Stephen V. Scoper Martha Lee Shaw Homer A. Smith, Jr. Lydia C. Taylor Guy K. Tower William Waldrop Carrie White Paul Winslow Deborah Wyld

CENTRAL VIRGINIA BOARD OF GOVERNORS Russell P. Allen Jeannie P. Baliles Langdon Taylor Christian IV Gwen Burroughs Josée Covington Ammon G. Dunton. Jr. Sharon Ferranti Cary Fountain Renee Gilman Cynthia Holmes Courtney Hyers Cathy Kohler Esta Kornstein Dr. Susan Kornstein Diana Rupert Livingston Michael B. Lott Carolyn Pitts Patricia P. Pusey Marika A. Rawles Dr. John Reynolds C. Jeffers Schmidt, Jr. Marilyn Scott Dustin Shuman J. Kenneth Timmons, Jr. Dr. Elisabeth Muhlenfeld Wollan

CENTRAL VIRGINIA ADVISORY COUNCIL Eldridge Blanton Elizabeth M. Bredrup Amy Bridge Deborah Corliss Mark T. Cox IV Judy Gonzalez

NORTHERN VIRGINIA BOARD OF GOVERNORS Kym Hemley, President Russell P. Allen Sean Foohey

BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF THE VIRGINIA OPERA FOUNDATION Henry Garrity, President Allan S. Reynolds, Jr. The Hon. Lydia C. Taylor William Waldrop Bucci Zeugner Raymond DeFrank Russell P. Allen, Ex-Officio

HONORARY MEMBERS The Honorable Sen. Mark Warner (D-VA) The Honorable Sen. Tim Kaine (D-VA) The Honorable Rep. Elaine Luria (D-VA) The Honorable Rep. Robert Wittman (R-VA) The Honorable J. Chapman Petersen, Senator, Virginia General Assembly The Honorable Janet Howell, Senator, Virginia General Assembly The Honorable George Barker, Senator, Virginia General Assembly The Honorable David L. Bulova, Delegate, Virginia General Assembly The Honorable Kenneth R. Plum, Delegate, Virginia General Assembly The Honorable Vivian Watts, Delegate, Virginia General Assembly The Honorable Sharon Bulova, Chairman, Fairfax County Board of Supervisors David Meyer, Mayor, City of Fairfax Rick Davis, Dean, College of Visual and Performing Arts, George Mason University


THE 45 FOR 45 CAMPAIGN Virginia Opera is celebrating 45 years this season and our wish list is simple. Please consider a new or increased gift as part of your philanthropic plans and we promise to put it to good use on our stages all year. Pick an amount that works for you: $45, $450, $4,500, $45,000, $450,000. All new or increased gifts in these denominations will be recognized in special sections in our Program Books, and a special Birthday Celebration is planned for this spring.

THANK YOU TO OUR 45 FOR 45 CONTRIBUTORS $45,000 Anonymous Anonymous Anonymous, In Memory of Frances Lindsay The Carpenter Foundation and Carole Yaley Dr. & Mrs. William D. Covington, Anonymous, Mrs. Sarah Huber, Capt. and Mrs. Joel B. Heaton and Dr. Homer Smith TowneBank Foundation $4,500 Ms. Gwen D. Burroughs Mr. and Mrs. Langdon T. Christian IV Mr. Robert E. Hill Mrs. Nancy Hill The Norfolk Society of Arts in Honor of Russell P. Allen W. F. Magann Charitable Fund Allan & Harriet Reynolds Jane Reynolds Adeline Ungerman Dr. Elisabeth Muhlenfeld Wollan, Mr. & Mrs. Stanley G. Barr Jr., Cy Grandy and Mr. Russell P. Allen John and Deborah Wyld Carole Yaley

As of 2.14.2020

$450 Russell P. Allen Anonymous Anonymous: In Memory of Dolly Holmes Dr. and Mrs. Randall Ball Mr. and Mrs. Cabell B. Birdsong Mr. and Mrs. Larry Borish Clyde D Allen Memorial Fund Mr. and Mrs. Christopher Coffing Raymond DeFrank Mr. and Mrs. Paul Denig Mr. and Mrs. Ray Gindroz Edith & Cy Grandy Mrs. Dorothy P. Grandstaff Mr. and Mrs. George L. Hart John and Andrea Holloway Bob & Mary Nell Kuhlo Cdr. Kenneth A. Krantz Ed & Linda Lilly Mr. and Mrs. Charles R. Modlin Carole Royall Mr. and Mrs. C. Jeffers Schmidt Jr. Dr. and Mrs. James Schneider Mr. Dustin Shuman Dr. Homer Smith Adam Turner Paul & Kim Winslow Carole Yaley

$45 Mr. and Mrs. Jimmy Adams Ila Lauren Addanki David Allen, In Memory of John E. Allen Beth and Jack Arager Mr and Mrs. Michael C. Ashe Beatrice Ashley and Earl Goodwin Mr. and Mrs. Daiva Barzdukas Ms. Gwendolyn Bell In Memory of Marilyn J. Blake Mr. Curt Blankenship and Ms. Karmalita Bawar Mr. Richard Blankenship Amber & David Boehnlein Sarah & James Burhop Ann Buttermann Carrol Ching Joan Rhodes Copeland Mrs. Susan Crockett Robin W. Curtis Jeff Davidson Dr. Marc C. De Solminihac Elizabeth Dickerson Mr. Thomas Dignan Page Edgerton Mr. Ronald Flenner Mr. and Mrs. Ray Gindroz Glenn R. Graham

Janet Green Ms. Barbara Grigat Mr. and Mrs. Gary Gulliksen Mr. and Mrs. Ralph E. Haines III Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Hamerschlag Mrs. Mary K. Helne Taru Helne Mrs. Heather Hollowell Bob & Dolly Holmes Nancy Hummel Dorothy Jaeckle Kenneth & Patricia Johnson Charles Kessler & Anne Higham Lawrence Schwarts & Anne–Marie Irani Mr. Robert Kelberg Courtney Knapp Judith Laster Josh Lepchitz Capt. Kathleen Lyman Vinny Machacek HL Marks & Jane Marks, PhD Lauren Methena Dr. and Mrs. Mario D. Mazzarella Janet Meador Sue Ann Messmer Dr. Kurt and Dr. Carol McCammon

Betty Jean Meyer Ms. Naomi Michie Nathaniel Mitchell Manuela Mourâo Mr. Fred J. Napolitano II Louise Nemecek Becky Nixon Ms. Shelley Nowacek Dr. and Mrs. Chris Palenstrant Rozell E. Parker Mr. Ken Pearl Mr. Matthew Plante Ms. Martha Prewitt Richard & Joyce Price Charles H. Reibell Paul Reilly William Reinhart Pam Revill Allan & Harriet Reynolds Mary Jane Reynolds Garrett Roberts Ms. Hilda Rooney Rebecca & John Rowe Mrs. Holly Ruggiero Paula L. Russel Judy Saperstein Dr. and Mrs. James Schneider Ms. Natalie Schwartz Ms. Marilyn Scott Joyce Seyller Mr. and Mrs. William Schinkel

Mrs. Rosalind W. Siegel Mrs. Shirley K. Sinclair Ms. Amanda Sirianni Mr. Kyle Smith Mrs. Mary A. Smith Sheryl Smith Dr. Valerie Stallings Ms. Sonia Stein Michael & Ginny Stone Amanda Sullivan Nora Tate Dora Lee Taylor Regina Thek, Jean Scott, Richard Thek Matt & Mary Topfer Evan Tublitz, Used Piano Center, LLC Ms. Shirley Turner Mr. Ardeschir Vahedi and Ms. Miriam Schoepf Mr. and Mrs. Bob Weekley Geradline Welch Dr. and Mrs. Harold S. Wilson Kitty Wolf Ms. Jean Woodward Ron & Susan Wright Mr. and Mrs. James Wylie Sylvia Turner-Yanofsky & Alan Yanofsky Anonymous – In Memory of Ronald Audet



Sung in Italian with English Supertitles Virginia Opera is The Official Opera Company of the Commonwealth of Virginia Russell P. Allen, President and CEO


Erhard Rom

Costume Designer

Martha Hally

Lighting and Projection Designer

Driscoll Otto

Wigs & Make-up Designer

James P. McGough

Production Stage Manager

Erin Lindsay Carr

Fight Choreographer

Eunbi Cho

Assistant Conductor/Chorus Master Brandon M. Eldredge Principal Coach

Shelby Rhoades

Rehearsal Pianist

Kelvin Yingâ€

Assistant Director

Haley Stamats

Virginia Opera is pleased to dedicate this production of Aida to Joan Brock, in recognition of her generosity and a very special gift in this 45th Anniversary Season. THE 2019-2020 SEASON IS MADE POSSIBLE IN PART THROUGH SPONSORSHIP BY:






Laquita Mitchell*


Leah Heater^


Brian Cheney*


Joshua Jeremiah*


Ashraf Sewailam

The King

Brett Bode†

High Priestess

Symone Harcum†


Dylan Elza†

*Mainstage Debut †Herndon Foundation Emerging Artist ^Former Herndon Foundation Emerging Artist

The orchestra for this production is provided by the Richmond Symphony Orchestra The dancers for this production are provided by the Richmond Ballet


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Welcome to today’s performance of Giuseppe Verdi’s Aida! Last seen on Virginia Opera’s stages in 2011-2012 as the opening production in our “First of Firsts” series, we are pleased to bring back this masterpiece of grand ‘chamber’ opera. Long considered ‘the’ quintessential example of ‘grand opera’, as I began seriously engrossing myself in this intensely theatrical and larger-than-life score I started to become increasingly aware of its true intimacy and chamber-like essence. At its core Aida is a story of just four individuals – the inner dialogues, trials and tribulations, and psychological conflicts between Aida, Amneris, Radamès, and Amonasro, all set against a backdrop of grandeur and immense spectacle; and we as an audience have the great fortune to peek behind the curtain and witness Verdi’s powerful skills as a musical dramatist. From the very first pianissimo notes of the Prelude, we are already engaging with this intimate space, spellbound by Verdi’s masterful touch. “The voice alone, no matter how beautiful, is not enough…So-called polished singing matters little to me. I like to have the roles sung as I wish; but I can’t supply the voice, or the soul, or that certain I don’t know what, which is commonly called being driven by the devil.” In this 1871 letter shortly before Aida’s premiere, Verdi weighs in on the importance of casting well-rounded and theatrical performers, a theme that is repeatedly observed throughout the letters collected by Hans Busch in “Verdi’s Aida: The History of an Opera in Letters and Documents”. [I cannot recommend highly enough this richly satisfying book about Verdi’s creative process!] Most of the discussions surrounding the creation of Aida place an overarching emphasis on theatricality – the ‘theatrical word’ is stressed over and over again: “[words] that carve out a situation or a character, words that always have a most powerful impact on the audience…the poet and the composer must have the talent and the courage, when necessary, not to write poetry or music!” “I would be willing to set even a newspaper or a letter, etc., to music, but in the theater the public will stand for anything but boredom.” – Verdi. With today’s performance of Aida, I have every confidence that theatricality will be paramount, with boredom being the absolute furthest sentiment within our capabilities! Thank you for your generous support and continued patronage, and please enjoy today’s performance! Sincerely,

Adam Turner 15




Egypt, in ancient times. As the Egyptian warrior Radamès dreams of military glory and happiness with the Ethiopian slave Aida, he is interrupted by Amneris, daughter of the Pharaoh. When Aida joins them, Amneris feigns friendship with Aida, suspicious that Radamès loves her. An assembly gathers to hear news of an attack from the Ethiopian army. Spurred by war-cries, the King names Radamès to lead the Egyptian forces, leaving Aida in a conflicted state. In a sacred ceremony, Radamès accepts his commission.

Along the banks of the Nile, Amneris enters the Temple of Isis in preparation for her wedding to Radamès, accompanied by Ramfis. Aida, engulfed by homesickness, awaits a final meeting with Radamès. Amonasro appears, planning to escape and begin a new attack against Egypt. With skillful manipulation, he coerces Aida to elicit Egyptian military intelligence from Radamès. As Amonasro conceals himself, the lovers re-affirm their devotion. Radamès is unable to resist when Aida proposes that they flee together to her homeland. Mindful of her father’s bidding, she asks the route of the Egyptian army. Radamès’ response brings Amonasro out of hiding with a shout of triumph. Instantly aware of his blunder, Radamès is placed under arrest as Aida and Amonasro flee.


Preparing to welcome the victorious Radamès, Amneris falsely informs Aida of his death before revealing the truth. Aida’s reactions confirm Amneris’ suspicions as she turns on her rival in rage. As the triumphant Egyptian army is welcomed, Aida recognizes her father Amonasro among the Ethiopian prisoners. Warning her not to reveal his identity as King, Amonasro, seconded by Radamès, pleads for the release of the prisoners. Against the advice of the priests, the Pharaoh reluctantly agrees, freeing all Ethiopians save Amonasro.


Amneris waits for Radamès as he is led to a court martial for treason. Torn between the desire to save him and the hurt of his rejection, Amneris is unable to persuade Radamès to disavow his feelings for Aida, whose whereabouts are unknown. Radamès is led away to face the priests, greeting their accusations with silence. When a sentence of death is imposed, a distraught Amneris begs for clemency, then rails furiously against the priests. Entombed beneath the temple of Vulcan, Radamès is shocked to find Aida waiting to share his fate with him. They bid the world farewell in each other’s arms, while above them Amneris, overcome with remorse, prays for peace. 17


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“Each man kills the thing he loves”. This quote by Oscar Wilde is at the very core of Aida. There is a perception with this opera, especially in today’s theatrical climate, that it deals with politics and/or religion, race, and other present day “issues” in the news broadcasts of the moment. And, of course, it’s grand spectacle. Glittering productions are easy to mount, providing large budgets. What is far more difficult – and no amount of money or elephants can help - is true drama, where emotion and principle clash and significant moral choices are forced upon its protagonists. For this you need that wonderful sine qua non of opera: great singing actors. What do these singers have to deal with in AIDA? People who do terrible things to each other in the name of love, starting with Aida herself who, far from being the passive victim she is usually portrayed as, is a bone fide Royal Princess in prison, albeit incognito. Amonasro, King of Ethiopia and Aida’s father, puts Realpolitik before his love for his daughter – as is his duty as a ruler - and emotionally blackmails her into betraying the man she loves who loses his honor in the process.  Aida, as a Royal Princess, cannot do otherwise. A soldier’s self is his honor. Radames cannot accept Amneris’ offer of salvation, not so much because he believes Aida dead but because he is forever disgraced. Amneris loves Radames body and soul.  Yet she puts a price on his life:  to give up Aida and become her husband, hence, untouchable to the Priests for whom the Royal Family is Holy. The dénouement is tragic to all four protagonists:  they have all destroyed the thing they loved.   The State - you can call it Society – will always crush the individual should they come into direct conflict.   The protagonists of Aida don’t need to suffer their fate.  They choose to do so. Presented with no good choices the result is Tragedy. The State functions as any state does:  it’s a well oiled machine that will not tolerate a threat to its survival.   Nor should it; that is the Group’s implicit promise to the individual. And in this balance, it is the individual who will be sacrificed. The loss of the one for the welfare of the many. As always, it’s up to the thinking audience to assess the validity of these tenets and their tragic connotations. That’s the job of the theatre: to present only questions, and let the audience think. {*}




ADAM TURNER Conductor American conductor Adam Turner is quickly gaining momentum as a conductor to watch on international opera stages. Currently in his second season as Artistic Director of Virginia Opera (following four seasons as Principal Conductor and Artistic Advisor), Maestro Turner garners critical acclaim for the breadth of his repertoire, artistic vision, and polished technique. Of his recent performance of Street Scene with Virginia Opera, Opera News hailed the “sensitive conducting” of Adam Turner “who demonstrated an affinity for a score as stylistically diverse as the characters in the plot.” In his second season as Artistic Director of Virginia Opera, Maestro Turner will conduct performances of Tosca, Daniel Catán’s Il Postino, La Cenerentola, and Aida. Last season, Mo. Turner made debut appearances with San Diego Opera (Jake Heggie’s Three Decembers, with the legendary mezzo-soprano Frederica von Stade), the Buffalo Philharmonic (Kurt Weill’s The Seven Deadly Sins), Intermountain Opera Bozeman (Eugene Onegin); and in his inaugural season as Artistic Director of Virginia Opera led productions of Street Scene, Don Giovanni, The Elixir of Love, Madama Butterfly, and Jack Perla’s An American Dream. Additionally, Mo. Turner returned to Central City Opera to conduct Madama Butterfly for the 2019 summer season. In recent seasons, Mr. Turner conducted Samson et Dalila, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Der Freischütz, The Seven Deadly Sins, Pagliacci, La bohème, and Der fliegende Holländer at Virginia Opera, Roméo et Juliette at Lyric Opera Baltimore, and collaborated with renowned conductor John DeMain on

Washington National Opera’s production of Kurt Weill’s final stage composition Lost in the Stars. Additionally, The Kurt Weill Foundation named Maestro Turner the inaugural recipient of the Julius Rudel/Kurt Weill Conducting Fellowship in 2015. Other recent guest conducting engagements include: The Tender Land at Northwestern University; Three Decembers with Hawaii Opera Theatre; Händel’s Messiah with the Virginia Symphony Orchestra; a Domingo-Cafritz Young Artist Program Holiday Concert with Washington National Opera; Sweeney Todd at Hawaii Opera Theatre and Eugene Opera; and Le nozze di Figaro, Dead Man Walking, Carmen, La bohème, Man of La Mancha and Oklahoma! with Central City Opera. Turner holds a Bachelor of Music degree from Morehead State University, and a Master of Music degree from The Catholic University of America. He furthered his training with internationally acclaimed conductors and pedagogues Neeme Järvi, Paavo Järvi, Marin Alsop, Jorma Panula, Gustav Meier, Kenneth Kiesler, and Kate Tamarkin. Underwriting provided by Bob and Dot Doumar

LILLIAN GROAG Director Lillian Groag works in the theatre as an actress, playwright and director. Her acting credits include Broadway, Off Broadway, Mark Taper Forum, and regional theatres throughout the country. She has directed at the Oregon Shakespeare Festival, the Old Globe Theatre, Actors Theatre of Louisville, Mark Taper Forum’s Taper Too, New York City Opera, Chicago Opera Theatre, Boston Lyric Opera, Florida Grand Opera, Center Stage, The People’s Light and Theatre Company, 21




Berkeley Repertory, Milwaukee Repertory, Missouri Repertory, Seattle Repertory, Glimmerglass Opera, Asolo Repertory Theatre, San Jose Repertory, A.C.T. in San Francisco, The Juilliard School of Music, Florentine Opera, Kentucky Opera, Arizona Opera, the Sundance Institute Playwrights’ Lab, the Virginia Opera, Opera San Jose and the Company of Angels. Her plays The Ladies of the Camellias, The White Rose (AT&T award for New American Plays), The Magic Fire (Kennedy Center Fund for New American Plays), Menocchio and Midons have been produced variously by the Old Globe Theatre, Oregon Shakespeare Festival, The Kennedy Center, The Guthrie Theater, Berkeley Repertory Theatre, Yale Repertory, Denver Center, The Shaw Festival, Alabama Shakespeare Festival, the Northlight Theatre, the WPA Theatre, Seattle Repertory, the Asolo Theatre, The Wilma Theatre, The People’s Light and Theatre Company, and The Shaw Festival. Abroad: Mexico City, Junges Theatre in Bonn, Landesbuhne SachsenAnhalt in Eisleben, Shauspielhaus in Wuppertal, Hessisches Landestheater in Marburg, Shauspielhaus in Stuttgart, Teatro Stabile di Bolzano, (National Tour) in Italy, and Tokyo. She has done translations and adaptations of Lorca, Feydeau, Musset, Marivaux and Molnàr, produced at the Guthrie, the Mark Taper Forum Taper II, and Missouri Rep (now Kansas City Rep). She is an Associate Artist of the Old Globe Theatre. The Ladies of the Camellias, Blood Wedding, The White Rose and The Magic Fire have been published by Dramatists Play Service. Upcoming: A Nervous Splendour, adaptation from Frederic Morton’s book, Flypapaer, new play. Master’s and PhD degrees from Northwestern University in Romance Languages and Literature, Theatre Thesis, and an Honorary PhD from Lake Forest College.

MALCOLM BURN Choreographer Malcolm Burn (Artistic Associate and Ballet Master of Richmond Ballet), a New Zealand native, is in his 33rd year with Richmond Ballet. During his 25-year dancing career, he performed in companies such as London Festival Ballet, The Royal New Zealand Ballet, The National Ballet of Zimbabwe, Ballet West, and P.A.C.T. Ballet in South Africa where he won the Ivan Soloman Award for Best Male Dancer in 1973, 1976, and 1980. A Richmond Ballet company dancer from 1987 to 1993, Mr. Burn remains fondly remembered for his principal roles in full-length ballets, for the memorable works created on him, and especially for his riveting portrayal of “Death” in The Green Table. He became a Company ballet master upon retirement from dancing with Richmond Ballet and was named an Artistic Associate in 1999. As Ballet Master, Mr. Burn has re-staged many of the classic full-length ballets and choreographed his own versions of Romeo & Juliet and Cinderella, as well as other shorter pieces including Pas Glazunov and A Tribute. Prior to coming to Richmond Ballet, Mr. Burn was co-director of Ballet Arizona. He is also currently a répétiteur for The John Butler Foundation.

Underwriting provided by Butch and Anne Barr




LAQUITA MITCHELL Aida, soprano Soprano Laquita Mitchell consistently earns acclaim on international stages worldwide. This season, Ms. Mitchell reprised her signature role of Bess in Porgy and Bess with Grange Park Opera, Lithuanian State Symphony and Harrisburg Symphony. She also performed as a soloist in Sanctuary Road and Porgy and Bess with the Columbus Symphony, as well as in Colorado Symphony’s Valentine’s Day concert. Notable engagements include her creation of the role of Josephine Baker in Tom Cipullo’s Josephine for Opera Colorado, Coretta Scott King in I Dream with Opera Grand Rapids, Toledo Opera and Opera Carolina, Violetta in La traviata with Opera Memphis and Edmonton Opera, and Donna Anna in Don Giovanni with Florentine Opera and Portland Opera. Recent concert engagements include the world première of Moravec’s Sanctuary Road at Carnegie Hall with Oratorio Society of New York. Underwriting provided by John and Irene Field

LEAH HEATER Amneris, mezzo-soprano Leah Heater is thrilled to return to the Virginia Opera stage, having been a Herndon Foundation Emerging Artist here in the 2015-2016 season. Previous engagements include Pittsburgh Opera, Cincinnati Opera, Opera Theatre of Saint Louis, Sarasota Opera, Wolf Trap Opera, and Washington Concert Opera. Roles include Fricka in Die Walküre, Mother

in Hansel and Gretel, Marcellina in Le nozze di Figaro, Principessa in Suor Angelica, Zita in Gianni Schicchi, Baba in The Medium, Mother Marie in Dialogues of the Carmelites, Carmen in Carmen and La tragedie de Carmen, Princess Eboli in Don Carlos, Dritte Dame in Die Zauberflöte, Aloès in L’étoile, Flora in La Traviata, Aunt Cecelia in Little Women, Juno in Orpheus in the Underworld, and Mother Goose in The Rake’s Progress. Next, she returns to Opera Maine to portray Julia Child in Lee Hoiby’s “Bon Appétit!”. Underwriting provided by Allan and Harriet Reynolds

BRIAN CHENEY Radamès, tenor Tenor Brian Cheney has gained international acclaim for his portrayal of characters such as Don José in Carmen, Mario Cavaradossi in Tosca, Rodolfo in La bohème, the Duke in Rigoletto, Edgardo in Lucia di Lammermoor, and Canio in Pagliacci. This season, Mr. Cheney reprises his role as Scalia in Scalia/ Ginsburg with Toledo Opera, returns to the Southern Illinois Music Festival as Cavaradossi in Tosca, and performs as a soloist in Newark-Granville Symphony Orchestra’s Songs of Arias concert and Missa Solemnis with the Glacier Symphony. Recent highlights include originating the role of Scalia in the world première of Derrick Wang’s Scalia/Ginsburg with Opera Delaware and singing the title role of Frankenstein with The Angel’s Share in the Green-Wood Cemetery Catacombs. Underwriting provided by Jane Reynolds




JOSHUA JEREMIAH Amonasro, baritone Described as “richvoiced” (The New York Times) and hailed for his “warmly appealing, burnished baritone” (Opera Today), Joshua Jeremiah continues to bring his celebrated performances to theaters throughout the United States. The 2018-2019 season saw his debut with Minnesota Opera as Horstmayer in Silent Night, the title role in Rigoletto with the Sacramento Philharmonic and Opera, Carmina Burana with the Westmoreland Symphony, Scarpia in Tosca with the Reading Symphony, Father in Chunky in Heat with Experiments in Opera, and Dancaïro in Carmen with the Bar Harbor Music Festival. His 2019-2020 season includes his debut with Houston Grand Opera to sing the student matinee and cover Rigoletto, Melchior in Amahl and the Night Visitors with On Site Opera, Lionel in The Maid of Orleans with New Orleans Opera, Carmina Burana with the Fort Wayne Symphony, Amonasro in Aïda with Opera Tampa, and Verdi’s Requiem with the Reading Symphony Orchestra. Underwriting provided by Henry Garrity

ASHRAF SEWAILAM Ramfis, bass-baritone The New York Times hailed bass-baritone Ashraf Sewailam’s début at Lincoln Center’s Avery Fisher Hall as a “stand out performance” and Opera News described his voice as “purring and velvety […] with a majestic tone.” This season, Mr. Sewailam performed the title role in Ali Baba with Opera Southwest,

Capitan in Florencia en el Amazonas with Pittsburgh Opera, Giorgio in I Puritani with Opera Choir in Rotterdam, and sings Colline in La bohème with Seattle Opera as well as Dulcamara in L’elisir d’amore with Amsterdam’s Opera Koor. Last season’s performances included the role of Osmin in Abduction from the Seraglio and Queequeg in Moby Dick with Opera San Jose, Bartolo in Le nozze di Figaro with San Diego Opera, and Basilio in Il barbiere di Siviglia with New Zealand Opera. Underwriting provided by Mike and Millie Ott

BRETT BODE The King, bass-baritone Brett Bode is a bass hailing from Dallas, Texas. As a member of Virginia Opera’s 20192020 Herndon Foundation Emerging Artists Program, Brett sang Sciarrone in Tosca, Giorgio in Il Postino, Chorus in La Cenerentola, and sings the role of Il Rè in Aida; he also covered Alidoro in La Cenerentola. He has performed with Chautauqua Opera, Sarasota Opera, Seagle Music Colony, Boston Conservatory Opera, and Fort Worth Opera, and recently completed a Master of Music degree in Opera Performance in 2019 from The Boston Conservatory at Berklee. Mr. Bode also earned two Bachelor of Music degrees from Oklahoma City University in 2014, one each in Vocal Performance and Music Theatre. Underwriting provided by Henry and Eleanor Watts


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SYMONE HARCUM High Priestess, soprano Symone was the 2018 first place winner of the NSAL-DC Dorothy Lincoln-Smith Voice Competition and the Sylvia Green Voice Competition. Recent roles include Bea in Opera Maine’s production of Three Decembers and the role of Krystyna Zywulska in Out of Darkness: Two Remain under the direction of composer, Jake Heggie, and librettist, Gene Scheer, Gertrude in Humperdinck’s Hänsel und Gretel, and La Ciesca in Gianni Schicchi. After receiving her Bachelor’s Degree in Music Education from Norfolk State University in 2012 and her Master’s of Music from Peabody Conservatory at John’s Hopkins University, she began study in the studio of Denyce Graves and Margaret Baroody. In the summer of 2019 she joined the DMMO DM Metro Opera as an apprentice artist. As a member of Virginia Opera Symone also covers the title role and sings The High Priestess in Aida, and performed in the Fall Education and Outreach Tour.

DYLAN ELZA Messenger, tenor Dylan Elza is a native of Dallas, Texas and a returning member of Virginia Opera’s Herndon Foundation Emerging Artists Program. Previously, Mr. Elza performed as Dave in Breaking, and F.B.I. Agent in An American Dream with Virginia Opera’s Variations Series, covered the role of the lead tenor, Nemorino, in L’elisir

d’amore, and performed the same role in the outreach production. Most recently, Dylan performed this summer with Charlottesville Opera, covering the role Don José in La Tragédie de Carmen and singing in the semistaged Encore series. As a member of Virginia Opera’s 2019-2020 Herndon Foundation Emerging Artists Program, Dylan sang the role of Thug #1 in Il Postino, and covered the roles of Pablo Neruda in Il Postino, Spoletta in Tosca, and Ramiro in Cinderella.

CODY BEATON Dancer Cody Beaton, of Round Rock, Texas, began her training at the Austin Conservatory of the Arts. She continued on to join the Colorado Ballet for one season. She has been with Richmond Ballet since 2008 and recently married fellow company dancer Trevor Davis. She enjoys cooking, reading, and spending time with Trevor and their three cats.

ELENA BELLO Dancer Elena Bello grew up in Jersey City, New Jersey, where she became a part of the National Dance Institute program. She then auditioned for the School of American Ballet (SAB) in New York City. After being accepted into SAB, she spent four years there and found her love for ballet. Elena moved to South Carolina to attend the South Carolina Governor’s School for the Arts and 29






Two delightful new short operas in one performance!

JUNE 12-13




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Humanities. After graduating, she spent two years studying dance at Purchase College before auditioning for Richmond Ballet. She spent two years as an apprentice and one year in Richmond Ballet II, and is now enjoying her seventh season as a part of the Richmond Ballet professional company.

New Works Festival for the 2014-2015 season, premiering his work Inventory. He has also created works on the trainees of Richmond Ballet for New Works II. In April of 2017, Matthew premiered An Open Letter…, his first full, commissioned ballet for Richmond Ballet.



Trevor Davis began ballet at the age of six in Los Angeles, California with Meridith Baylis. At the age of 12, he continued under the direction of Philip and Charles Fuller and soon attended the Los Angeles County High School for the Arts. He studied with various scholarship programs through Kaatsbaan International Dance Center, Jacob’s Pillow, and Boston Ballet. After two seasons as a trainee in Boston, Trevor joined Richmond Ballet in 2008 as an apprentice and became part of the professional company in 2010.

Abi Goldstein, of Sarasota, Florida, began her professional training at The Sarasota Ballet School. She attended summer programs at the School of American Ballet and Miami City Ballet School. As a trainee at Boston Ballet for two seasons, Abi performed with both the company and Boston Ballet II. Abi spent two years with Richmond Ballet II and is now in her sixth season with the professional company.

MATTHEW FRAIN Dancer Matthew Frain began his ballet training at The School of DanceWest Ballet in Naperville, Illinois, and at The Chicago Academy for the Arts in Chicago. He has worked with the Joffrey Ballet and the Milwaukee Ballet, where he appeared in works by Val Caniparoli, Twyla Tharp, Michael Pink and Petr Zahradnicelz. This is his eighth season with Richmond Ballet. Matthew participated as a choreographer in Richmond Ballet’s

THEL MOORE III Dancer Thel Moore III was born and raised in Baltimore, Maryland. He started his training at the Baltimore School for the Arts and finished at Nutmeg Ballet Conservatory. Thel spent two years with the second company here at Richmond Ballet and is currently in his second season with the professional company.




FERNANDO SABINO Dancer Fernando Sabino started dancing at Ballet Renata Celidonio at age 14. He studied there for five years before moving to Cuba where he danced with Prodanza, under the direction of Laura Alonzo, for one year. He then studied at Juilliard in the summer program on full scholarship before joining Richmond Ballet in 2006. This season marks Fernando’s fourteenth and final season with the professional company.

IZABELLA TOKEV Dancer Izabella Tokev was born in Las Vegas, Nevada. From an early age she found her love for dance. She continued her ballet training in Las Vegas, focusing on the Russian Vaganova method. At the age of 16, she moved to Russia to study at Perm State Choreographic College. In August of 2016, Izabella joined Richmond Ballet’s second company. This is her first season with the main company.

ERIN LINDSAY CARR Production Stage Manager Erin Lindsay Carr (Production Stage Manager) is thrilled to be returning to Virginia Opera for a 2nd season. A native of Philadelphia, Erin has worked for companies all across the US and has toured. Erin received her Bachelors in Fine Arts in Stage Management from Syracuse University. Some favorite credits include, Don Giovanni, Street Scene, Madama Butterfly (Virginia Opera) The Consul (Chicago Opera Theater), FRIDA (Michigan Opera Theatre), Annie, A View from the Bridge, Les Miserables (Hope Summer Rep Theatre), SHOW BOAT, Peter Pan (Utah Festival Opera & Musical Theatre).

BRANDON M. ELDREDGE Assistant Conductor & Chorus Master Brandon Eldredge has built a broad-scoped knowledge and experience as a conductor, pianist, and operatic coach, working across the United States, Germany, and Sweden. He joined Virginia Opera for their 45th season as Assistant Conductor and Chorus Master. Serving as Assistant Conductor for Opera Saratoga’s 2018 productions of The Merry Widow and The Consul, he was re-engaged to assistant conduct Hänsel und Gretel and conduct Rimsky-Korsakov’s Mozart and Salieri for their 2019 season. As a repetiteur, he prepared productions for Sacramento Opera’s Rigoletto in 2019, Opera CONTINUED ON PAGE 37




Virginia Opera is immensely grateful for the service of our longstanding President and CEO, Russell P. Allen. From 1994-2000, as General Manager, and since 2011 as President and CEO, it is hard to imagine a Virginia Opera performance without his presence. During his tenure, Russell has championed the core value of Virginia Opera to our audience members above and beyond anything else—ensuring that what we see onstage, hear in our communities, and engage with in our classrooms is always of the highest possible artistic quality. Time and time again his efforts have been focused on making sure the opera we produce maintains the standards of excellence experienced in the finest opera houses anywhere in the nation and beyond. His championing of the second core value we carry with us as a company— that this is the Opera Company of

the Commonwealth, serving three distinct communities with mainstage productions and nearly every city and county in the state with school programs—has meant that countless individuals, young and old, have been given the opportunity to experience this grand art form right in their backyards. This June, Russell will be retiring from his role at the Virginia Opera. We wish him only the best of luck and happiness in all his future plans and endeavors, and we know he will be a VO subscriber and supporter for many years to come. Above all else, we, the Virginia Opera, thank him for his tireless service and his extreme dedication, and we will miss his contagious laugh… Russell, while you will be missed in the board and conference rooms, we know just where to find you as the curtain rises on yet another amazing Virginia Opera Season. See you at the Opera.

Russell, in his mainstage debut, serving champagne during Cinderella. 35

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Southwest’s Tosca in 2018, and Oper Bonn’s (Germany) Die Zauberflöte and Madama Butterfly in their 2016 season. He will serve as Associate Conductor and Chorus Master for Central City Opera’s 2020 festival season, including conducting their production of Dido and Aeneas and the matinee performance of Rigoletto.

JAMES P. MCGOUGH Wig and Makeup Designer James P. McGough is pleased to return for his 22nd season with the Virginia Opera. He is excited to work on new operas this year as well as revisiting some “old friends.” He enjoys collaborating on both new, innovative productions as well as traditional approaches to the operas we present. Over a 30 year career, Jim’s work has been seen in theatres across the U.S. from Broadway to regional productions. He dedicates this season to the loving memory of his parents.

DRISCOLL OTTO Lighting and Projection Designer Aida is Driscoll’s 10th Production at VOA Recently Driscoll designed Lighting for The Huntington Theatre Company’s production of The Purists directed by Billy Porter, Projections for The Flying Dutchman in Florence Italy, Lighting and Projections for Iolanta at Chicago Opera Theatre, Mr. Otto’s design work is seen frequently in NYC & in

regional Theatre and Opera. His credits include The Huntington Theatre Company, Utah Opera, The Old Globe Theatre, Opera Omaha, Opera Philadelphia, Dallas Theater Center, Drury Lane Theatre, The Dallas Opera, Chicago Opera Theatre, Houston Shakespeare Festival, Trinity Repertory Company, Hangar Theatre, Flat Rock Playhouse, Lyric Opera Kansas City, and productions of Legally Blonde and Rock of Ages for Norwegian Cruise Lines. Highlights to his resume include projection design for Santa Fe Opera’s production of The Golden Cockerel and The Metropolitan Opera’s production of La Donna Del Lago. He received his MFA from New York University’s Tisch School of the Arts. His work can be seen at www.DriscollOtto.com

SHELBY RHOADES Principal Coach & Director of The Herndon Foundation Emerging Artists Program Ohio native Shelby Rhoades returns to Virginia Opera for her seventh season. She most recently was based in New York City, where she was among the coaching faculty at The Juilliard School. Ms. Rhoades also resides as Principal Coach/Director of Young Artists for the Charlottesville Opera. Previous engagements include Coach Fellow for the Aspen Music Festival Opera Theater, music staff for Seattle Opera and Tacoma Opera. Ms. Rhoades has prepared singers for premieres by composers Jake Heggie, Matt Aucoin, and Nico Muhly, and she has also worked with renowned singers such as Isabel Leonard, Anthony Roth Costanzo, and Lawrence Brownlee. She has worked with


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Maestros such as Julius Rudel, George Manahan, Gary Thor Wedow, John DeMain, and Ari Pelto. She holds degrees in Piano Performance, Chamber Accompanying, and Vocal Performance. She has also served at the University of Washington/Seattle, Pacific Lutheran University, and Anderson University.

HALEY STAMATS Assistant Director Haley Stamats returns to Virginia Opera for their 2019-2020 season to assistant direct their productions of Tosca, Il Postino and Aida. Her upcoming season also includes remounting Il Postino at Opera Southwest in Albuquerque. Previous credits with VO include assistant directing their productions of La Fanciulla del West in 2017 and Don Giovanni in 2018. Recently, she made her mainstage directorial debut with the world premiere of The Grant Wood Operas: Strokes of Genius with Cedar Rapids Opera Theatre. CROT commissioned three one-act operas by three different composers; Robert Linsey-Nassif, Jean-Francios Charles, and Michael Ching; that explored the life of the iconic American artist, Grant Wood, who painted the American Gothic. She also made her debut in London directing the world premiere of two new work pieces, Between

Constellations and Rain, with The Grimeborn Opera Festival. This past summer, she directed Cosi fan tutte for young audiences at Mill City Summer opera and assistant directed their mainstage production of Cosi. Her other assistant directing credits include Arabella with Pittsburgh Festival Opera; Eugene Onegin with Opera Santa Barbara; and The Man of La Mancha, South Pacific, Pagliacci, Cavalleria Rusticana and Turandot with Cedar Rapids Opera Theatre.

KELVIN YING Rehearsal Pianist Kelvin is thrilled to be a member of Virginia Opera’s 2019-2020 Herndon Foundation Emerging Artists Program, where he is the rehearsal pianist and coach for Virginia Opera’s productions of La Cenerentola and Aïda as well as the fall Education and Outreach Tour. Originally from Minneapolis, Kelvin earned his MM from the University of Tennessee–Knoxville, coaching productions of The Crucible, Le nozze di Figaro, and Middlemarch in Spring. He also assisted Knoxville Opera for Turandot and Aïda and was a summer fellow with Oberlin in Italy for Ariodante. Most recently, he was a 2018-2019 Artist-inResidence with Pensacola Opera, playing for Roméo et Juliette, Florencia en el Amazonas, a concert of Rodgers and Hammerstein classics, and an outreach tour of Hänsel und Gretel.






VIRGINIA OPERA CHORUS, SUPERNUMERARIES, ORCHESTRA, AND DANCERS CHORUS Kelli Bly Bridget Cooper Rachel Filmore Jamilla Ford Symone Harcum* Tara Hoyle Bianca Jackson Marilyn Kellam Adriane Kerr

Biljana Soldo Heather Sreves Nerissa Thompson Pervis Blake Joseph Bray Karl Buttermann* Carlos Clanton Rafael Collazo Dylan Elza*

Brian Gilbert Andri Gowens Barry Greene James Harris Nicholas Hill Garney Johnson Jeff Joyner David Lee* Tony Lu

John-Joseph Haney John Howell

Mark Johnson Alexander Jones Jade Pangilinan

Gary Smith Harry DrewWingfield

VIOLA Molly Sharp HyoJoo Uh Stephen Schmidt Zsuzsanna Emรถdi

FLUTE Mary Boodell Jennifer Debiec Lawson Catherine Broyles

BASSOON Thomas Schneider Martin Gordon

CELLO Neal Cary Schuyler Slack Barbara Gaden Charlotte Roberts

OBOE Mark Debski Lauren Williams

Sandra Krueger Stephanie Lupo Arna Majcher Nancy Pope Anna Reed Whitney Robinson* Olivia Rominiyi Emily Russell

Ron Milovac Brian Moody Andrew Simpson* Michael Singleton Walter Swan Rickey Vergara Jason Young *Herndon Foundation Emerging Artist

SUPERNUMERARIES Laurence Aikens Nicholas Aviles Isaiah Hairston

ORCHESTRA VIOLIN Daisuke Yamamoto Adrian Pintea Alison Hall Alana Carithers Catherine Cary Jill Foster Anna Bishop Linda Anderson Elise Blake Kris Miller Ellen Cockerham Riccio Meredith Riley Anna Rogers Susy Yim Jeannette Jang Timothy Judd

BASS Andrew Sommer Rumano Solano Kelly Ali

CLARINET David Lemelin Eddie Sundra

HORN Dominic Rotella Devin Gossett Roger Novak Cody Halquist TRUMPET Samuel Huss Brian Strawley Aaron Lovelady Caeley Niess

TROMBONE Evan Williams Scott Winger Scott Cochran TUBA Richard Serpa TIMPANI Robert Jenkins PERCUSSION Clifton Hardison David Foster HARP Alexandra Mullins

The orchestra for this production is provided by

DANCERS Cody Beaton Elena Bello

Trevor Davis Matthew Frain

Abi Goldstein Thel Moore III

Fernando Sabino Izabella Tokev

The dancers for this production are provided by


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Virginia Opera is grateful to the following contributors for their support of either our 2018-2019 Annual Fund Campaign, or our 2019-2020 Annual Fund Campaign through February 18, 2020. DIRECTOR’S CIRCLE ($25,000 AND ABOVE) Corporate Altria Business Consortium for Arts Support Dominion Energy Norfolk Southern Virginia Eye Consultants Foundation Anonymous E. Rhodes and Leona B. Carpenter Foundation Christian Family Foundation The Hampton Roads Community Foundation The Herndon Foundation The Joyce Strelitz Fund Kaiser Permanente Foundation

The Kurt Weill Foundation for Music Mary Morton Parsons Foundation Muriel W. Bonney Estate Slatten-MacDonald Fund Rebekah L. Huber Family Charitable Fund TowneBank Foundation Government City of Norfolk Virginia Commission for the Arts Individual Anonymous Anonymous Anonymous Mrs. Joan Brock

Dr. & Mrs. William D. Covington Mr. and Mrs. Vince Ferranti Drs. William J. and Mary Ann Frable Mr. Henry A. Garrity Mr. and Mrs. David R. Goode Mr. & Mrs. Floyd D. Gottwald, Jr The Herndon Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Hill Mrs. Courtney Hyers Mr. Harvey Lindsay Mr. Tom Nicholson III and Mrs. Christie Nicholson Mr. Bob Mooney Mr. and Mrs. D. H. Watts Mr. and Mrs. John J. Zeugner IV

Rebekah L. Huber Family Charitable Fund Government CultureWorks & the Arts and Cultural Funding Consortium-supported by the City of Richmond and the Counties of Hanover & Henrico Chesterfield County Newport News Arts Commission Portsmouth Museum and Fine Arts Commission Virginia Beach Arts and Humanities Commission Williamsburg Area Arts Commission Individual Anonymous Mr. and Mrs. Stanley G. Barr Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Batten Jr. Mrs. Esther Bunzl Mr. and Mrs. Langdon T. Christian IV

Mr. and Mrs. Anthony R. Corso Mr. Sean P. Foohey Ms. Cary Fountain Mr. Leslie H. Friedman Mr. and Mrs. Cyrus W. Grandy V Mr. Thomas A. Grant Mrs. Eva S. Hardy Mr. and Mrs. Peter M. Huber Mr. Richard I. Miller Dr. Lawrence Morales Mr. and Mrs. Jose Luis Murillo Patricia Pusey Dr. John Reynolds Mr. and Mrs. Allan S. Reynolds Jr. Mr. and Mrs. John S. Shannon Mr. Homer A. Smith Dr. Elisabeth Muhlenfeld Wollan

PRODUCER’S CIRCLE ($10,000 - $24,999) Corporate Virginia Tourism Corporation Foundation The Cabell Foundation Margaret Massie Disharoon Charitable Trust Franklin Southampton Charities The Fannie, Milton, and Leslie Friedman Foundation Helen G. Gifford Foundation H. Lee Kanter Fund J.L. Camp Foundation Louise B. Cochrane Charitable Foundation Marian P. Taylor Declaration of Trust Maymont Foundation Nicholson AAAA Charitable Foundation R.E.B. Foundation Richard S. Reynolds Foundation


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ARTIST PATRON SOCIETY ($5,000 - $9,999) Corporate Cavanaugh Nelson PLC Davenport & Company, LLC Virginia Opera Guild Wells Fargo Foundation Foundation J.L. Camp Foundation Frances T. and Robert. B Claytor Fund James M. Willcox Memorial Fund Government Alexandria Commission for the Arts Arts Council Of Fairfax County Bath County Arts Association Chesapeake Fine Arts Commission York County Arts Commission Individual Anonymous Mr. and Mrs. Cabell B. Birdsong Dr. and Mrs. O. Christian Bredrup Jr. Ms. Gwen D. Burroughs

Kym Hemley Butz and Joe Butz Judge and Mrs. James Cales Jr. Mr. J. Harwood Cochrane Mr. and Mrs. Christopher Coffing Mrs. Carole Corso Dr. and Mrs. Mark Costenbader Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin G. Cottrell IV Mr. and Mrs. Mark T. Cox IV Mr. Raymond DeFrank Col. James F. Deming and Major Mark E. Board Hon. and Mrs. Robert G. Doumar Mr. and Mrs. Wesley C. Dudley Ammon G. Dunton, Jr. Judge and Mrs. Robert B. Edwards Mr. and Mrs. Dennis Gartman Ms. Karen Guliano Mr. James A. Hixon Mr. and Mrs. Barry A. Hodges Mr. Jimmy Lee Huitt, Jr. and Dr. Cora T. Huitt Mr. and Mrs. Marcellus C. Kirchner

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Kuhlo Ms. Ina D. Levy Mr. Michael & Mrs. Nancy Lott Mrs. Oriana McKinnon Mr. and Mrs. Johnson C. Moss, Jr. Mrs. Valerie R. Neff and Mr. Edward J. Kelly Susan and Dale Oller Dr. and Mrs. Gerald J. Pepe Mr. and Mrs. Robert Petterson Dr. and Mrs. Larry Quate Ms. Jane Reynolds Mr. Stephen W. Richard and Ms. Lynn Cobb Dr. and Mrs. James Schneider Ms. Marilyn Scott Mr. J. Kenneth Timmons, Jr. Drs. William M. and Bonnie Waldrop Mr. Howard Webb Sr. Mrs. Deborah Wyld Anonymous - In Honor of Millie and Alex

Individual Anonymous Dr. Daniel Alonso and Dr. Powers Peterson Mr. and Mrs. William W. Beyer Drs. Bruce and Cassianne Booth Capt. and Mrs. Malcolm P. Branch Dr. and Mrs. O. Christian Bredup Ms. Jennifer A. Cable Dr. and Mrs. Glenn R. Carwell Dr. Stephen Z. Cook Mr. and Mrs. Charles Cooper Bess P. Decker Mr. Carl Dolmetsch Mr. Ammon G. Dunton Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Frederick S. Fisher Mr. and Mrs. Chris Gilman Mr. and Mrs. Ray Gindroz Mr. and Mrs. Eric A. Hanson

George and Lenore Hart Dr. William T. Hark and Katherine DeLoyht Capt. and Mrs. Joel B. Heaton Dr. Laurie Henry Mr. and Mrs. Charles T. Hill Mr. and Mrs. John E. Holloway Mrs. Sarah B. Huber Dr. W. Glenn Hurt Mr. Edward G. Kaufman Mr. Edward J. Kelly Ms. Shelloy K. Kiger Mr. and Mrs. James A. Kitz Mrs. Doris E. Kocher Dr. Christopher Kogut and Dr. Thomas Peyser Mr. Lee Krumbein and Dr. Susan Kornstein Ms. Esta Kornstein

BRAVO SOCIETY ($2,500 - $4,999) Corporate Birdsong Corporation Caterpillar Foundation Match Group LLC Rutter Mills, LLP Merrill Lynch Foundation Community Foundation for a Greater Richmond The Edward L. and Linda H. Lilly Charitable Fund John A. Cable Foundation The Norfolk Arts Society Northern Piedmont Community Foundation Rouse-Bottom Foundation The Ula Motekat Fund Government Suffolk Fine Arts Commission




Ms. Kathleen Le Mons Mr. and Mrs. Henry D. Light Dr. and Mrs. Edward L. Lilly Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Maye Mr. and Mrs. William B. McAree II Mr. Robert Mills Mr. and Mrs. Charles R. Modlin Mr. and Mrs. Frank Monroe Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Johnson C. Moss Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Pacek Ms. Marika A. Rawles

Mrs. Virginia Redick Mr. Myron H. Reinhart Mr. Thomas E. Robinson Linda T. Dorsey & James Satterwhite Ms. Donna Scassera Mr. and Mrs. C. J. Schmidt Jr. Mr. Nicolas Schuck Mr. Stephen Scoper M.D. Dr. Rick Shepard and Ms. Jennie Calhoun

Ms. Nancy Swaim Mr. Guy K. and Hon. Winship Tower Mr. and Mrs. William D. Ungerman Mr. and Mrs. Dan Villani Dr. and Mrs. Aaron Vinik Mr. and Mrs. Wayne F. Wilbanks Mr. and Mrs. Paul Winslow Ms. Evangeline Yoder Dr. & Mrs. Wilhelm Zuelzer

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Garner Adm. and Mrs. Harold W. Gehman Jr. Mr. Patrick Getlein Mr. and Ms. James J. Gildea Mr. and Mrs. Robert Glasser Mr. Robert Greenspun Mr. and Mrs. Billy Harper Dr. Sarah B. Clarkson and Dr. John Herre Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Hickok Mr. and Mrs. Cynthia Holmes Mr. Charles Hopkins Mrs. Sarah B. Huber Mr. Richard Hudgins Dr. W. Glenn Hurt Drs. Lawrence Schwartz and Anne-Marie Irani Chris and Lauren Kadish Ms. Mary A. Kellam Canada Mr. Brian Kint Mr. and Mrs. John Klemenc Ms. Cathy Kohler Cdr. Kenneth A. Krantz Ms. Anne Lankford Ms. Diana Livingston Mrs. Eleanor Marshall Mr. William H. Mears Col. and Mrs. Thomas H. Meurer Ms. Joetta Miller Ms. Shantell E. Nashatka Ms. Donna Noonan Mr. and Mrs. James Noone

Mr. and Mrs. R J. Nutter Mr. and Mrs. Greg Overholser Mr. and Mrs. Robert Pacek Dr. and Mrs. Robert Palmer Mrs. Mary B. Perkins Mr. and Mrs. Donald E. Perry Mr. and Mrs. Gary Pitts Ms. Nancy Prillaman Ravindranath Fund Mr. and Mrs. David W. Rennolds Mr.and Mrs. Laurens Sartoris Mr. & Mrs. G. Jacob Savage III Mr. Dustin Shuman Ms. Lisa Sinclair and Mr. Jim Boswell Ms. Ilse Snoeks Mrs. Jane Spilman Mrs. Gudi Stambuk Mr. Lawrence L. Steingold Mr. and Mrs. Paul K. Stockmeyer Ms. Page D. Styles Hon. Lydia C. Taylor Mr. John S. Theon Mr. Adam Turner Mr. Paul Campsen and Dr. Carrie White Mr. and Mrs. George Wigginton Mr. Howard Willard III Dr. and Mrs. G. Byron Work Ms. Kim Wright

BENEFACTOR SOCIETY ($1,500 - $2,499) Corporate BB&T Omni Medical Group, LLC Richmond PRISM Eugenia Kennedy Fund W.F. Magann Charitable Fund Foundation Harry E. and Martha Lee McCoy Fund Government Henrico Education Foundation Individual Anonymous Anonymous Ms. Donna Allen Mr. Allen E. Anderson and Dr. Kenneth Skena Mr. Simeon Austin Mr. Allen Baker Ms. Jeannie P. Baliles Mr. and Mrs. Vern Barham Mr. and Mrs. J. Temple Bayliss Mr. and Mrs. David N. Blakey Mr. and Mrs. S. L. Boglio Ms. Valerie Brookeman Mr. and Mrs. Stuart Buxbaum Dr. and Mrs. J. F. Clingenpeel Mr. and Mrs. Wayne Coleman Mr. James M. Compton Mr. and Mrs. Daniel S. Dechert Ms. Margaret P. Edgerton Mr. Eric L. Fox Mr. and Mrs. Richard Furiga


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OPERA PARTNER ($1,000 - $1,499) Corporate McGuire Woods LLP Kaufman & Canoles, P.C. Foundation Elmwood Fund Individual Capt. and Mrs. Robert Adler Ms. Ann Askew Mrs. Judy Bland Mrs. Caroline Y. Brandt Ms. Sherry Bremer Ms. Rejena Carreras Mrs. Donna Case Ms. Mary Connell Mr. Phillip Copley and Mr. Bruce Robertson Mr. James Feldman Elena Ferranti Dr. and Mrs. Joseph G. Fiveash Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Carter B. Furr Mr. John P. Garrett

Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Gold Ms. Vesta Lee Gordon Dr. and Mrs. Louis S. Harris Mr. and Mrs. George L. Hart Mr. Claus Ihlemann and Mr. Robert Roman Mr. James Johnsen Ms. Gayle Johnson Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Jones Mr. Brian Kint Mr. and Mrs. John Klemenc Ms. Katherine Lang Ms. Diana Livingston Col. and Mrs. David Maltby Mr. Memo Maquivar and Ms. Leslie Lamers Mr. and Dr. H. L. Marks Mr. and Mrs. Vincent J. Mastracco Jr. Mr. William H. Mears Mr. and Mrs. William A. Messner Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds Monach

Mr. Joe Murillo Mr. and Mrs. Michael Overstreet Mr. and Mrs. Donald Perry Col and Mrs. Eric Peterson Mr. and Mrs. Gary Pitts Mr. Richard Pulley IV Mr. Frank Raysor Ms. Eileen Schein Mr. Marc G. Stadiem Ms. Dora Lee Taylor Dr. Ashton Trice Mr. C. W. Tucker Mr. and Mrs. Kirk Tucker Mr. and Mrs. J. Dirk Walecka Mrs. Harriet White Mrs. Faye G. Whitlock Mr. and Mrs. Juan Whittington Mrs. Linda Wilson Howard and Martha Zaritsky Dr. & Mrs. Wilhelm Zuelzer

Mr. Gary Chiaverotti Mrs. Catherine Claiborne Mr. and Mrs. C. Robert Clark Mr. and Mrs. Don Cole Ms. Mary Connell Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Connelly Mrs. Robin R. Covatta Mr. and Mrs. Mark D. Crean Mr. and Mrs. Stephen E. Curtis Drs. Georgean And Mark DeBlois Hon. and Mrs. Rodham T. Delk Mr. David Deghetto Mr. Howard J. Ellis Mr. Arthur A. Fleming Mrs. Harry Frazier IV Col. and Mrs. David J. Frieman Mr. Edwin Gatewood Mr. Charles Gibbons Mr. Robert C. Goodman Jr.

Dr. and Mrs. T. Winston Gouldin Mrs. Dorothy P. Grandstaff Mr. William Griggs Dr. and Mrs. Fred Gross Dr. and Mrs. William T. Hark Dr. & Mrs. Dwight H. Harrison Dr. Laurie Henry Dr. and Mrs. Edwin B. Hodge Ms. Kathleen Hodge Dr. and Mrs. Gilbert R. Hoy Ms. Pamela Hyatt and Mr. James M. Graham Mr. and Mrs. Russell Gregor Mr. Robert Inglis Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth J. Johnson Mr. Edward Joyce III Dr. and Mrs. Joseph F. Kent III Mr. Kurt Krause Mr. and Mrs. Bruce M. Koplin Mr. and Mrs. Peter M. Koste

OPERA SUSTAINER ($500 - $999) Corporate Network For Good Ron Zoby Tours Foundation Adele M. Thomas Charitable Foundation, Inc Barclay C. Winn Family Fund Eugenia Kennedy Fund United Jewish Community of the Virginia Peninsula Sis Nash Memorial Fund Individual Anonymous Anonymous Ms. Patricia Arant Ms. Pamela Ash Mr. & Mrs. Malcolm Bell Mr. & Mrs. Larry Borish Mr. Charles O. Burgess Ms. Susan Carbo


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440 Monticello Ave #1620 Norfolk, VA 23510 WealthwayAdvisors.com


Mr. and Mrs. Robert bstain Capt. and Mrs. Keith Larson Dr. Velimir Luketic Capt. and Mrs. Carl V. Mallett Ms. Jacqueline Mars Mrs. Eleanor Marshall Mr. and Mrs. S Randall McDaniel Mr. and Mrs. Earl McLain Mr. Howard T. McLoughlin Ms. Elizabeth Moore Dr. and Ms. William B. Moskowitz Mrs. Rhonda Murray Mrs. Ilse Niedermayer Mr. and Mrs. Stewart Ocheltree Dennis and JoAnn Olson

Mr. Glenn Palatini Mr. Gene Parker and Ms. Ilene Stevens Mrs. Toni Parson-Mobley Mr. Luca Paschina Mrs. Helen Raney Pinckney Mr. Alfred Ponce and Ms. Alice Clay Mr. and Mrs. Brett Porter Mr. and Mrs. John R. Ratigan Ms. Ann Reed Ms. Rebecca Robinson Dr. Paul Sayegh Mr. & Mrs. John Schiffer Mr. and Mrs. James Schloss

Dr. and Mrs. James K. Schmitt Mr. and Mrs. Hugh S. Sease Mr. and Mrs. Ron Shaw Mr. Benjamin Smith Dr. and Mrs. David C. Smith Ms. Ilse Snoeks Capt. and Mrs. Robert J. Swain Dr. & Mrs. Joseph Vaccarella Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Webster Mrs. Linda Wilson Howard and Martha Zaritsky Mrs. Frances Zehmer Mr. Roger Zoccolillo

Dr. Kevin M. Campbell Mrs. Barbara L. Carr Mr. William and Mrs. Teresa Cira Dr. Martha C. Coffield & Mr. David R. Coffield Mr. and Mrs. Russell Collins Ms. Kathryn Cook Mr. Richard Barry and Ms. Linda Cox Ms. Earlene Coyner Mr. and Mrs. Britton B. Culpepper Jr. Mr. Bruce Curran Mr. and Mrs. Stephen E. Curtis Ms. Melanie K. Day and Mr. Roland A. Karnatz Ms. Nicole De Jesus Mr. and Mrs. Mark Delevie Mr. and Mrs. Paul Denig Dr. Marc C. De Solminihac Mr. & Mrs. Mark Dray Mr. Jonathan Dudley Mr. and Mrs. Waldemar Eger Mrs. Dorothy Eide Ms. Oneita C. Enoch Mr. Howard Epstein Mr. Stephen Epstein Mr. and Mrs. William J. Ernst III Terry Fauerbach Dr. Howard Fauver Jr.

Mrs. Annette S. Field Mr. and Mrs. Barry Fink Mr. Wilford Forbush Dr. and Mrs. Joseph V. Formica Mrs. Grover Franklin Mr. Carl Gaenslen Bernis Gold Dr. & Mrs. Stanley A. Goldman Ms. Jane K. Goldman Mr. and Mrs. John Goode Dr. and Mrs. Dean R. Goplerud Mr. and Mrs. Russell Gregor Mr. and Mrs. Frank Grier Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Hamerschlag Ms. Ruth E. Hansen Mr. and Mrs. Welford L. Harris Jr Ms. Sue Haycox Dr. and Mrs. H. Keith Hellems Drs. Barry and Cynthia Hellman Ms. Julia Henley Mr. Filipe Ho Dr. and Mrs. Edwin B. Hodge Mr. Robert Holmes Dr. and Dr. Warren Hopkins Mr. Thomas Horsch and Ms. Barbara Boslego Mr. & Mrs. Michael House Dr. and Mrs. Robert E. Howard Jr.

OPERA FAMILY ($250 - $499) Corporate Good Done Great Scherzo Music Club Benevity Community Impact Fund Foundation The Alan and Esther Fleder Foundation Clyde D Allen Memorial Fund Individual Mr. and Mrs. Alfred G. Alby Mr. and Mrs. Neill H. Alford III Mr. Charles Allen Robert N. Armen Jr. Dr. and Mrs. Randall Ball Mr. and Mrs. Philip M. Battles III Dr. and Mrs. Charles E. Bell Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Phillip Bernath Dr. and Mrs. Lawrence A. Bernert Dr. and Mrs. William Blake Jr. Mr. & Mrs. David Block Mr. and Mrs. Rick Boyd Mr. and Mrs. Michael Bradley Ms. Rita L. Brighton Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Brothers Mr. Clement Brown Mrs. Judy Brown Mr. and Mrs. Marvin E. Burge Ms. Ann T. Burks Dr. & Mrs. William Burston








A DOLL’S HOUSE, PART 2 CHICAGO Jerold E. Solomon in The Wiz


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Mr. and Mrs. G. R. Hubbard Mrs. Margaret Huber Ms. Mara I. Ifju Ms. Catherine Ireland Ms. Nancy S. Jacobson Connie Jacobson Dr. Gayatri Kapur and Dr. Rasesh M. Shah Dr. and Mrs. Warren Karesh Dr. and Mrs. Edward H. Karotkin Michelle Kastner Kathleen Kelly Mrs. and Mr. Ida C. Kerwin Col. and Mrs. John S. Kistler Mr. Lawrence Kruger Ms. Katherine Lang Mr and Mrs Robert H. Large Mr. Stanley Lichtman and Mrs. Paulette Lichtman-Panzer Ms. Mary Frances Lowe Mr. and Mrs. Douglas Lowry Mr. and Mrs. Reese F. Lukei Jr. Ann Maddox Dr. and Mrs. John C. Marsh MD Ms. Sylvia Maume Dr. Betty J. Meyer Mr. and Mrs. Randall Mayes Mr. and Mrs. F. William McClelland Mr. and Mrs. Gabe McCoy Dr. and Mrs. James L. McDaniel Mr. Graham Meech

Dr. and Mrs. S. Neil Morrison Ms. Jerilyn Mullarkey Mr. and Mrs. Stuart Nachman Ms. Pauline Narcavage Mr. Fred Napolitano Dr. and Mrs. Norbert Newfield Mrs. Melisa O’Brian Mr. Kenneth J. Orr Ms. Thelma Oser Margaret Overman Ms. Concetta Pagley Mr. Douglas Palmore Mrs. Eunice J. Payne Mrs. Mollie A. Payne Col. and Mrs. Eric F. Peterson Mr. and Mrs. Michael Plett Ms. JoAnn Porter Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Powders Mrs. Ann D. Prince Dr. and Mrs. David B. Propert Mr. Richard Ready Ms. Pamela Rearden Mrs. Helen Scott Reed Ms. Ann Reeves Dr. and Mrs. Paul Reilly Mr. & Mrs. William R. Richardson Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Joe Riss Ms. Arlene G. Robinson Mr. and Mrs. John S. Rose Carole Royall

Mr. and Mrs. Edward E. Ruhnke Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Carl Sciortino Mrs. Nancy K. Scoggins Dr. and Mrs. Robert Seeherman Dr. and Mrs. Robert J. Seltzer Ms. Cornelia Serota Mr. Robert G. Shackleton Mr. and Mrs. Win Short Michael and Pat Shutterly Mrs. Madeline Sly Mr. Edgar A. Smith Ms. Lori Smithson Ms. Mary Jane Spiro Mr. and Mrs. Nelson St. Clair Larry and Greta Stallings Ms. Roberta M. Stewart Dr. and Mrs. Donald Switz Ms. Phyllis Szymanski Tommy Tavenner and Stephanie Richmond Dr. & Mrs. Joseph Vaccarella Dr. and Mrs. Olmedo Villavicencio Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Wallenta Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Warakomsky Mr. Nicholas Wheeler Mr. Jeffrey S. Wilder Ann Williams Mr. Robert Witajewski Mr. Elliot Wolff Mr. & Mrs. Robert Zelnick

In Honor of Edwin Vaughan and Sandy Nelson from Kelly Warren In Honor of Thema Oser from Joann K. Roos In Honor of Marc and Terri Kirchner from Mr. and Mrs. Marc Rabinowitz In Honor of Maestro Adam Turner and the Virginia Opera Staff and Chorus from Charles Hopkins In Honor of Suzanne Franklin and Edith Grandy from Leslie Friedman

In Honor of Their Father, Allan Reynolds Jr. given by Mary Topfer, Allan Reynolds III and Jane Reynolds In Honor of Frances N. Zehmer from Cheryl Yancey

IN HONOR OF In Honor of Amberleigh Klaus’s Birthday from Jojo Chittum In Honor of Alana Pabst from Deidre and David Lenderking In Honor of Allan and Harriet Reynolds from Mr. Leslie Friedman In Honor of Dr. Betsy Wollan from Ms. Mary Ann Ready In Honor of Marilyn Buxbaum “for her commitment to teaching the beauty and music of the opera for everyone,” from Vivian Marguiles


Motivated by integrity, innovation and excellence, we concentrate on our clients and use our depth of experience to achieve real results. We applaud the dedication of those that focus on artistic endeavors. We can. And we will.




IN MEMORY OF In Memory of Edith Bender from Kym Hemley Butz In Memory of Wilson Jenkins Browning Jr. from Mary Katherine Browning Berger In Loving Memory of Genevieve Cannon from Mr. David J. Russell and Ms. Virginia Cannon In Memory of Carole Edelstein from Ms. Jane Johnson In Memory and Honor of Rowena Fullinwider from Peter Fullinwider In Memory of R Franklin and Arbee R. Edwards from the Edwards Family Charitable Fund In Memory of Barbara Hudgins from Mr. Richard Hudgins In Memory of Ronald Audet from Stephanie Chris In Memory of Ronald Audet from Dr. Glen and Lynn Carwell In Memory of Ms. Elaine K. Bush from Mr. Homer A. Smith In Memory of Marilyn Blake from Mr. William Biby In Memory of Roger Haverfield from Ms. Mary Josephine Vanwingerden In Memory of Lewis T. Booker from Mrs. Nancy Booker In Memory of Robert Claude from Ms. Lelia Keplin Pod In Memory of Richard Vaughan from Bess Decker and Family In Memory of Chuck Burgess from Lynn Adams In Memory of Sue Munn from Mrs. Ann Bailey In Memory of Robert Erdman from Mr. William Warner In Memory of David Johnson from Mary Ellen Dechert In Memory of Gerald Shaw from Mrs. and Ms. Gretchen Shaw

In Memory of Frederic Leiner from Ms. Jane Johnston In Memory of Ronnie Audet from Ms. Phyllis D. Shea In Loving Memory of Hope Mihalap from Shirley Thompson and Patti Thompson Buechner In Memory of Harry E. McCoy In Memory of Harry and Martha Lee McCoy from Byron Baker In Memory of Roger Zoccolillo from Norman and Susan Olitsky In Memory of Julie McDonald: Maria and Argentina Lovisi Mr. and Mrs. Thomas W. Ambler Mrs. Peggy Gatje Mr. and Mrs. Peter Huber Mrs. Ann Scholten In Memory of Richard Miller: Mr. Jeffrey Chernitzer Mr. and Mrs. Jeff Cooper Mr. Leslie Friedman Mr. and Mrs. Peter Huber Ms. Barbara Kahn Ms. Ina Levy and Mr. Richard Staub Mrs. Valerie Neff Ms. Thelma Oser and Family Mr. and Mrs. Allan Reynolds Ron Zoby Tours Ms. Sharon Ross Mr. and Mrs. Mark Shaw

In Memory of Gene Wadford: Janet Mizelle Chris, Debbie, Christa and Jamie In Memory of Sally Clay - Opera is for Everyone Fund: Drs. Daniel Alonso and Powers Peterson Lt. Col. Albert Belbusti Mr. and Mrs. Peter Bernath Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Bland Mrs. Marilyn Buxbaum Mr. Richard Hudgins Mr. and Mrs. Robert Kuhlo Mrs. Robert Laibstain Mrs. Vivian Margulies Mrs. Kathryn Melhuish Ms. Naomi Michie Ms. Shirley M. Thompson In Memory of Paul S. Zoellner: Robert H. Lassiter William S. Detwiler In Memory of Richard ‘Dick’ Staub: Mr. and Mrs. Cabell Birdsong Mr. Leslie H. Friedman Cyrus and Edith Grandy Mr. and Mrs. Peter Huber Will and Bev Sessoms Ms. Betty Whiteside Doug Rudely and Mary Way Mrs. Gudi Stambuk To Ina Levy in loving memory of Dick Staub from Marilyn and Stuart Buxbaum


Charles Woodward, Artistic Director

In a New Land

May 9, 2020 | 7:30 PM and May 10, 2020 | 4:00 PM

The Virginia Chorale concludes its season with music by composers who have been welcomed to America’s shores.

For details and tickets visit VACHORALE.ORG or call (757) 627-8375



CORPORATIONS MAKING CONTRIBUTIONS THROUGH MATCHING GIFT PROGRAMS Altria Bank of America The Boeing Company Brink’s Foundation The Capital Group Companies, Inc. Catepillar Foundation CIGNA Foundation Dominion Energy

Dominion Virginia Power/N.C. Power Exxon Mobil Foundation Fannie Mae Foundation Freddie Mac Foundation IBM Matching Grants Program John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Co. LandAmerica Mass Mutual Financial Group

Match LLC Merrill Lynch Norfolk Southern Foundation SunTrust Bank Teagle Foundation Thomson Tax & Accounting Wachovia Wells Fargo Foundation UBS Foundation


Presenting Sponsors Merrill Lynch Virginia Eye Consultants

11TH ANNUAL OPERA IN THE PARK Anonymous Anonymous Chef’s Choice Catering by Kroger

Harbor’s Edge Bob and Mary Nell Kuhlo Merrill Lynch

Homer Smith Visit Norfolk

Silver Bess Decker Bradshaw Group of Merrill Lynch Christopher Coffing of Merrill Lynch EVMS Fred Napolitano Lake Taylor Transitional Care Hospital The Nicholson Companies Randolph-Macon College Stanley & Anne Barr Valerie Neff and Ed Kelly Patron Bill and Bonnie Waldrop Conrad and Anne Shumadine Captain Joel and Kathleen Heaton John Shannon Mary Anne Kellam Canada

Michael Hodges Miriam Blake William and Glenda McKinnon Friend Hon. Lydia Taylor Towne Bank Donations in honor of Ed & Linda Lilly Byron Baker Robert and Ann Branch Mr. and Mrs. W.C. Eisenbeiss Fann and Billy Greer Jim and Jean Gulick Thomas Horsch Powers Peterson and Daniel Alonso Ann Reed John Shannon

2019 HAMPTON ROADS GALA Co-Chairs Andrea Holloway Valerie Neff Presenting Sponsor Troutman Sanders Artist Underwriters Allan & Harriet Reynolds Anonymous Auction Sponsor Harbor’s Edge Wine Sponsor Williamsburg Winery Music Sponsor Raymond DeFrank Menu Sponsor SunTrust Dessert Sponsor John & Irene Field Favor Sponsor John & Andrea Holloway Floral Sponsor Studio Posy




Arts_Virginia_Beach_Opera_4.75x1.875.indd 1

Terry L. Greene

7/30/18 5:30 PM

Registered Piano Technician

Fine Piano Services & Restorations since 1976 Primary Piano Technician for the Virginia Opera, Virginia Symphony, and American Theater Also servicing Fine Pianos in Homes throughout Hampton Roads, Richmond, DC, and the Charlottesville area



Follow us on Facebook at: T-G Greene, Fine Piano Services, Ltd.


FREE ADMISSION | CHRYSLER.ORG Unknown, Sarcophagus Cover (detail), Late Period, Dynasty 26, 664–525 B.C.E., Cartonnage, gesso, and paint on wood, Gift of Walter P. Chrysler, Jr., 0.1977



2019 CENTRAL VIRGINIA GALA, THE ART OF OPERA Gala Committee Dr. Elisabeth Muhlenfeld Wollan, Co-Chair Mr. Dustin Shuman, Co-Chair Mr. Langdon T. Christian IV Mrs. Sharon Ferranti Ms. Cary Fountain Mrs. Renee Gilman Mrs. Cynthia Holmes Mr. Michael B. Lott Mrs. Patricia Pusey Mr. Paul Reilly

Presenting Sponsor Dominion Energy Corporate Table Sponsors Covington Travel Davenport & Company, LLC Individual Table Sponsors Ms. Jeannie Baliles, Diana Livingston, and Dr. John Reynolds Mr. and Mrs. Langdon T. Christian IV Mr. and Mrs. Mark Cox IV Mr. and Mrs. Vince Ferranti Mr. and Mrs. Charles Holmes Mr. and Mrs. David Muhlenfeld Dr. Elisabeth Muhlenfeld Wollan

Individual Sponsors Mrs. Patricia Pusey (Auctioneer Sponsor) Ms. Marilyn Scott Contributors (Dessert) Dr. and Mrs. William J. Frable Ms. Ingeborg K. Fisher Mr. and Mrs. Barry Hodges Ms. Sandy Kjerulf Mr. Paul Reilly Ms. Nancy Scoggins

Lynn Peyer Massimo Zanetti Mr. William T. Reed III Quirk Hotel Richmond Times-Dispatch

Shirley’s Catering Tom French Flowers Virginia Living Magazine WHRO Public Media Williamsburg Winery

IN-KIND DONATIONS Barboursville Vineyards Ms. Elizabeth Britt-Kelly Byrd Theatre Custom Printing The Dancing Tomato

BUSINESS CONSORTIUM FOR ARTS SUPPORT Contributors to the Business Consortium for Arts Support have generously endorsed Virginia Opera’s programs and activities this season. This distinguished group of donors annually contributes to the Business Consortium to support arts organizations throughout Hampton Roads thus improving the quality of life in our local communities. The Virginia Opera both salutes the following and extends its sincerest thanks for their continued generosity. Dollar Tree Stores, Inc. Foundation (anonymous) Hampton Roads Community Foundation Norfolk Southern Foundation Atlantic Dominion Distributors/ Hoffman Beverage Bank of America Patricia & Douglas Perry Foundation Birdsong Corporation Gold Key PHR Kaufman & Canoles

Virginia Natural Gas, Inc Wells Fargo Foundation Wilbanks, Smith & Thomas Asset Management, LLC Willcox & Savage, P.C. Davenport & Company, LLC Dixon Hughes Goodman The Dragas Companies O’Connor Brewing Company Palladium Registered Investment Advisors Southern Bank

Wall Einhorn & Chernitzer, P.C. Wealthway Financial Advisors Williams Mullen Grow Hunton & Williams All contributors at www.bcartsupport.org




JUN E 29 - JU LY 3 1 5 One-Week, All-Day Sessions Ages 8-15

Hurry! Early Registration Discount ends March 15! nauticus.org | 757.823.4242

One Waterside Drive, Norfolk, VA 23510

Quintessential Richmond... 60


VIRGINIA OPERA GUILD BOARD OF DIRECTORS Amber Taylor-Reeves (Board Chair) Allen Anderson Mark Board Barbara Boslego Gwendolyn Brown Barbara Buchmann Cy Grandy Janita Burgess Hess Tom Horsch Adele Levesque

Melanie Mitchell Valerie Neff Marianne Nicholson Powers Peterson Ruth Schepper Martha Lee Shaw Rick Shepard Elena Stevens Dora Lee Taylor Holly Tracy Kittie Whitaker

2019-20 SEASON HOUSERS Lawrence Schwartz and Anne Marie Irani Cynthia and Charles Holmes Elizabeth Muhlenfeld Wollan John Reynolds Joni and Mark Dray

Mike and Nancy Lott Susan Rickman and Thomas Grant Henry Garrity Jim Deming Robert Seaton and Tom Pinion

Although space limitations only allow us to list donations of $250 or more, we gratefully acknowledge the generosity of all our contributors. Every gift received helps us fulfill our commitment to quality opera in your community. We thank all of you.If your name was inadvertently omitted or incorrectly listed, please advise us by calling Brooke Cranor at 757.627.9545 x3318. Contributions and pledges received after February 18, 2020 will be acknowledged in future programs. Thank you for your support.

We proudly support

Virginia Opera M 45 years of incredible performances.

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Hampton Roads Premiere Arts Training Program for High School Students

Dance Vocal Music Theatre & Film Visual Arts Musical Theatre Instrumental Music

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Hit the high notes before after the show

Sweeten the Deal Bakery is proud to support the Virginia Opera Email: Sweetenthedeal13@aol.com Facebook: @sweetenthedealbakery Instagram: @sweetenthedeal13

420 E. Grace St. RVA 23219 804.377.3968 www.juleps.net

SOME OF THE WORLD’S FINEST COFFEES ARE MADE RIGHT HERE IN HAMPTON ROADS. Globally recognized brands and nearly half of the country’s private label coffees are roasted, packaged, and distributed locally, from Portsmouth and Suffolk, Virginia. As one of the nation’s largest coffee roasters, we deliver exceptional coffees around the world.

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May 9, 2020 • 2 PM and 7 PM • Dominion Energy Center

JUDY, LIZA AND ME Starring Debra Wagoner

From “Somewhere Over the Rainbow” to “New York New York”, Debra Wagoner brings the classic songs of Judy Garland and Liza Minnelli to life, along with her own favorites in this unforgettable night of Cabaret!




The Nicholson AAAA Charitable Foundation


Troutman Sanders


Raymond A. DeFrank of Wells Fargo Advisors

Kathleen LeMons of Wells Fargo Advisors


BDO Norfolk

Bess Decker

Peter and Dana Jo Decker

John and Irene Field

Marsh and McLennan Agency LLC


Allan and Harriet Reynolds

Shepherd Financial Group

S.L. Nusbaum

Southern Bank


David and Miriam Blake

Sponsors as of 2-17-2020



ADMINISTRATION JoJo Chittum Receptionist/Administrative Assistant ARTISTIC Rachel L. Ginzberg Artistic Administrator Shelby Rhoades Principal Coach and Director of Emerging Artists Brandon M. Eldredge Assistant Conductor/Chorus Master ACCOUNTING Ken Johnson Director of Finance Gerri Obrecht Payroll/General Ledger DEVELOPMENT Lisa Sands Director of Development, Hampton Roads John-Paul Schaefer Director of Development, Central and Northern Virginia Susan Porter Grants Administrator/ Institutional Giving Brooke Cranor Development Coordinator, Hampton Roads Jamie Wilson Development Coordinator, Central/Northern Virginia EDUCATION/OUTREACH Cecelia Schieve Statewide Director of Education and Outreach Dr. Glenn Winters Community Outreach Director Martha Prewitt Education Coordinator HARRISON OPERA HOUSE Roberta Brennan Facilities Manager Idella Lee Housekeeping Supervisor


Lisa Stewart House Manager/Usher Coordinator MARKETING & AUDIENCE DEVELOPMENT John-Paul Schaefer Acting Director of Marketing Amanda Jo Ely Director of Audience Development Kendall Dodson Marketing Coordinator Stephanie Becker Box Office Associate Nathan Jacques Box Office Associate PRODUCTION Lee Marc Molnar Director of Production Ken Steadman Production Manager/ Lighting Supervisor Roberta Brennan Properties Manager/ Facilities Manager Katie Ritter Company Manager Jay Tuthill Technical Director Erin Lindsay Carr Production Stage Manager Pat Seyller Costume Shop Manager James P. McGough Resident Wig & Make-up Designer Eunbi Cho Hannah Nathan Assistant Stage Managers Andrew Garvis Assistant Lighting Designer Derrion La’Zachan Hawkins Master Electrician Jessica Ciccolella Properties Artisan Jessica Hensley Draper Anne Yonge First Hand Rachel Clayton Stitcher

Elizabeth Kump Craftsperson Elyse Messick Wig & Make-up Shop Manager Kathleen Christensen Heidi Mallett Wigs/Makeup Assistant AIDA STAGE CREW Tony Mudrak Supertitle Operator Faraji Jackson Tony Sims Rail Emmanuel Jones John-Luke Whitten Robert Cabral III Allen Terrell Maggie Price Derrick Ivy Deck Crew Kim Fuller Edilen Obamos Will Dowdy Followspots THE HERNDON FOUNDATION EMERGING ARTISTS PROGRAM Celeste Godin, Soprano Symone Harcum, Soprano Whitney Robinson, Mezzosoprano Dylan Elza, Tenor Louis Riva, Tenor Nicholas Martorano, Baritone Joseph A. Mazzara, Baritone Andrew René, Baritone Brett Bode, Bass-baritone Karl Buttermann, Bass-baritone David D. Lee, Bass-baritone Andrew Simpson, Bass-baritone Arthur Bosarge, Pianist Elizabeth Chua, Pianist Kelvin Ying, Pianist

Connect with us Visit us online at vaopera.org Share your experience!


Tag us in pictures or check in on Facebook @virginiaopera








Street Address: Harrison Opera House 160 W. Virginia Beach Blvd. Norfolk, VA 23510

Street Address: Dominion Energy Center 600 East Grace Street Suite 200 Richmond, VA 23219

Mailing Address: 10660 Page Avenue #1345 Fairfax, VA 22038-1345

Mailing Address: P.O. Box 2580 Norfolk, VA 23501-2580 Administration: 757.627.9545 757.622.0058 fax Box Office: 866.673.7282

Mailing Address: P.O. Box 784 Richmond, VA 23218 Administration: 804.644.8168 804.644.0415 fax

Administration: 703.357.3682 Box Office: 703.993.2787

Box Office: Etix: 800.514.3849 Subscriptions: 866.673.7282


AMENITIES AND THEATER POLICIES NORFOLK EDYTHE C. AND STANLEY L. HARRISON OPERA HOUSE Refreshments are available on the Lower and Grand Lobby levels. No food or drink is permitted in the theater. ADA Seating may be reserved by contacting Virginia Opera’s Box Office at 757.623.1223 prior to performances. Smoking is not allowed in any part of the building. Parking is available for $5.00 in the city-run parking lots at the Harrison Opera House for main stage Virginia Opera performances (Parking is on a first come, first serve basis; while supplies last. Parking regulations and reserved parking must be observed at all times). Additional free, on-street parking is also available, subject to Norfolk parking restrictions. The City of Norfolk enforces “No Parking” regulations on Llewellyn Avenue and other streets surrounding the Harrison Opera House where “No Parking” signs are posted. Virginia Opera is not responsible for any parking tickets received by patrons and discourages using other privately and commercially owned lots in the vicinity of the Harrison Opera House for parking. When coming to a Virginia Opera event, please allow ample time to park, and take care to obey all posted parking regulations and Harrison Opera House parking attendant staff. Late Seating is at Opera management’s discretion. Virginia Opera reserves the right to have late seating at intermission only. Electronic Devices, cameras and recording equipment are strictly prohibited. Illegal recordings may be confiscated. All electronic devices must be


silenced; including cell phones, pagers, PDAs, and wristwatches.

limited to cell phones, pagers, PDAs, and wristwatches.

In Case of Emergency, patrons expecting emergency calls (services or babysitters) may direct them to 757.627.9545, ext. 3378 and leave their seat number with the House Manager, who will locate the patron immediately if a call is received.

In Case of Emergency, the Concierge phone number is 804.592.3350.

Children Virginia Opera reserves the right to deny admission to children under the age of five. Patrons of any age must have a ticket to enter the theater.

RICHMOND THE CARPENTER THEATRE AT DOMINION ENERGY CENTER Refreshments are available on the Lower and Mezzanine levels of the theatre. No food in the theatre. Beverages without ice are permissible. ADA Seating may be reserved by contacting Virginia Opera’s Box Office at 866.673.7282 prior to performances. Smoking is not allowed in any part of the building. Parking Public parking is available at the lot on 5th and Broad Streets, and the garage at 5th Street. Handicap parking is available at the lot at Grace Street, and at the garage at 6th and Franklin Streets. Late Seating is at Opera management’s discretion. Virginia Opera reserves the right to have late seating at intermission only. Assistive Listening Devices are available in the lobby at no charge. Electronic Devices, cameras and recording equipment are strictly prohibited. Illegal recordings may be confiscated. All electronic devices must be silenced; including but not

Children Virginia Opera reserves the right to deny admission to children under the age of five. Babies in arms will not be admitted to the theater. Patrons of any age must have a ticket to enter the theater.

FAIRFAX GEORGE MASON UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR THE ARTS Refreshments are available in the main lobby. No food or drink is permitted in the theatre. ADA Seating all Center for the Arts facilities have accessible seating available. Parking those patrons wishing accessible parking will find three locations close to the building. The first is located in the Mason Hall parking lot. The second location is in the Parking Deck located next to the Concert Hall. The third location is located along Mason Pond Drive across the street from the Concert Hall. At any time, patrons may drop off and pick up in front of the Concert Hall. The Concert Hall does have a wheelchair that can be used to transport patrons from the drop off zone to their seats and back. Assistive Hearing The Center for the Arts offers FM listening devices for any patron that may need assistive hearing. The receivers are located in the Concert Hall at the Courtesy Desk opposite the Box Office. The system is available on a first come basis. Children Contact the Center for the Arts regarding children’s admissions and policies. All persons occupying a seat in the Center for the Arts will be required to purchase a ticket.

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Aida Program Book  

Aida Program Book