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Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Maximize potential learning with Maximum Guided Tours With over 20 years experience, Maximum Guided Tours continues to hold the record for the largest provider of licensed and certified guides and escorts in the Tidewater Area. Friendly and professional guides will help enhance your group's experience of each historic site they visit and maximize potential learning. Enjoy your tour throughout Colonial Williamsburg, Jamestown Island, Jamestown Settlement, Yorktown Victory Center, Yorktown Visitors Center and Battlefields and the Washington D.C. area as well. Reviews have raved about the knowledgeable guides but also their humor and ability to gain children’s attention throughout the tour. Maximum Guided Tours is flexible and will work with teachers and educators to implement a successful field trip. Used by the largest suppliers of students groups in the United States, Maximum Guided Tours creates a great balance of group presentation and individual free time. For more information call (888) 998-6877, email or visit


WEATHERPROOF! Make tracks to Great Wolf LodgeŽ, where you’ll have plenty to do: R Splash the day away in our huge, 84-degree indoor waterpark. R Battle the dragon at MagiQuestŽ, our live-action adventure game. R Check out our colossal 100-game arcade. R Relax in one of our 605 spacious northwoods suites. R Gather with family and friends at our specialty-themed restaurants.

For more information, or reservations, visit or call 1.800.693.WOLF (9653)

This property meets the Green Seal™ Environmental Standard for Lodging Properties for waste minimization, ZDWHUDQGHQHUJ\HI¿FLHQF\KD]DUGRXVVXEVWDQFHVKDQGOLQJDQGHQYLURQPHQWDOO\UHVSRQVLEOHSXUFKDVLQJ

Metro Richmond Zoo The Metro Richmond Zoo located in Moseley, Virginia invites you to come and discover over 150 species of animals native to countries all around the world. See the ecosystem of the African Savannah with our giraffe and antelope herds coexisting with various cranes, pelicans, ostriches and storks in a huge five-acre exhibit. Feed and pet the giraffes at the exhibit’s observation deck, a thrill offered by only a few zoos in the nation. Take a spin on the jungle carousel or a peaceful scenic tour above the zoo on the Safari Sky Ride or enjoy an exciting guided train tour through Africa where the animals roam freely. Immerse yourself in the budgie aviary and see hundreds of colorful birds as they fly down to perch on your head, arms and shoulders. Attend interactive presentations with the zoo keepers during different feeding times for animals such as penguins, siamangs and otters. Hand feed zoo treats to our friendly barnyard animals and also to young antelope that have been hand-reared due to parental neglect. Schools have the opportunity to attend a live animal presentation that includes Virginia Standards of Learning from K through high school biology. Numerous covered picnic pavilions are available and packed lunches may be brought from home or purchase from the delicious menu at our concessions area. For schools that cannot attend the zoo, there is a zoo-to-you program with a professional zoo keeper who visits and educates the students with various live animals and biofacts. For more information call Kathy Nowland at (804) 7395666, ext. 0 or visit


is published twice a year by EC Publishing, Inc, located in Abingdon, Virginia. We welcome letters, story ideas and photos from classrooms all over Virginia.

Spring 2012 Issue

Keith Robinson

Angela Lisk



Deanna Grant

Teresa Christian

Art Director

Field Trips Map

Forward all correspondence to: Echo Charlie Publishing, Inc. P.O. Box 845, Abingdon, Virginia 24212 Phone: 1-800-357-0121 • Fax (276) 739-0015


Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Home of the world's largest Navy base... Norfolk, Virginia Norfolk, Virginia invites families, schools, teachers and kids of all ages to discover the nationally recognized museums, zoo, ferries and beautiful botanical gardens. Always a popular favorite the Nauticus, the National Maritime Center, offers exhibits including touch tanks, shark petting lagoon, weather deck, an Aegis-class destroyer battle simulation and self-guided tours of the Wisconsin's main deck. See over 30,000 objects spanning over 5,000 years of world history at the Chrysler Museum of Art then its off to the Virginia Zoo to see nearly 400 animals, ranging from African elephants to Siberian tigers. Harbor Cruises are also a field trip favorite and include the Spirit of Norfolk which is the largest ship cruising the Norfolk harbor and has two climate controlled decks, open strolling decks and lounge seating, dance floors and buffet dining. Hop aboard the American Rover, the tall ship sails daily April through October from the dock at the Waterside Marketplace. For those who prefer to stay on dry land reserve a seat on the Norfolk Electric Transit with 16 convenient stops in a comfortable air-conditioned electric bus. For additional information on all that Norfolk has to offer call (800) 368-3097 or visit

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Affordable Group or School Event Venue! Ideal Venue for: School & Y Youth outh G Groups roups • Team Team Building • Small Businesses • Corporations • Non-pr Organization • Church Groups • Family Reunions

We O ffer: ffer: Nestled in the foothills of the Blue Ridge mountains on 520 acres of rolling hills and scenic woods in central Virginia. Camp friendship has been serving the community since 1966.

Basic/Standard Cabins (Heated) ed) • Meals • Wi-Fi • Field ield • Basketball • Horse Back Riding • Tennis Tennis • er • Breakaway Rooms • Gym • Soccer Walking W Wal alkking TTrails rail ails • Ropes Course • A ccommodaation for fo or 400 • Accommodation Audio A udio Visual Equipment

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Palmyra, Virginia ginia 1.800.873.3223


Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

What’s new for

Virginia State Parks...

Mason Neck State Park home to Bald Eagles Back in August 2011, yet another Bald Eagle was released in Mason Neck State Park in Lorton, Virginia by the Wildlife Center of Virginia. The Wildlife Center has used Mason Neck as a release site for eagles before; in addition to providing prime eagle habitat, park and refuge officials are able to keep an eye on newly released birds to be sure that their readjustment to the wild goes smoothly. Call (703) 339-2385 or (703) 339-2380 to find out more.

Lake Anna State Park is now online See Lake Anna State Park in Spotsylvania, Virginia even when your schedule doesn’t permit by visiting Lake Anna online! Watch the Lake webcam before or after your visit!

New cabins at Natural Tunnel State Park Natural Tunnel State Park in Duffield, Virginia is the site of the Virginia State Park system’s newest overnight cabins. The cabins became available in October 2011.

Norfolk Southern Railroad works with Virginia on rails to trails projects Norfolk Southern Corporation has partnered with state and federal agencies and local organizations within the Commonwealth of Virginia to develop over 285 miles of rails to trails projects. Nationally recognized rails to trails projects include the 33 mile long Virginia Creeper Trail and the 57 mile long New River Trail State Park. Additional projects include the Staunton River Bridge Battlefield State Park and High Bridge State Park which is a work in progress with the Roanoke River Rail to Trails organization. Norfolk Southern continues to provide technical assistance with infrastructure (trestle and bridge repairs) as well as historical railroad artifacts for trail side displays for New River Trail State Park.

Smith Mountain Lake State Park

Sailor's Creek Battlefield Visitor Center receives environmental certification A new visitor center at Sailor's Creek Battlefield Historical State Park in Rice, Virginia has received LEED Silver certification for its use of environmental sensitive practices and materials during its construction. This is the second visitor center constructed by the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation to receive the coveted LEED certification and the first to reach the Silver level. LEED stands for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design.

Southwest Virginia Museum Historical State Park Coal Exhibit The latest exhibit upgrade at the Southwest Virginia Museum Historical State Park in Big Stone Gap, Virginia mixes new technology with historic artifacts to give visitors to the site an indepth look at the story of coal mining in Southwest Virginia. The centerpiece of the new display is an interactive computer program, housed in a replica of a coal car. Using touch-screen technology, visitors can navigate through four multi-media interpretive programs designed to tell the story of coal and the men who worked the mines.

New Information Stations at Virginia State Parks Explore more than 30 outdoor, interactive information stations, or "kiosks," that have been installed in state parks across Virginia. The stations enable park guests to be the first in the nation to take virtual tours of the parks. The stations allow park visitors to access GPS-based trail information, wildlife spotting guides, in-depth information on park amenities, printable guides and maps, program descriptions and schedules, details about nearby localities’ amenities and more. Dominion is one of the nation’s largest producers of energy, is the primary sponsor of the project including Appalachian Power and others. This cutting-edge technology allows park visitors to experience in greater detail some of Virginia’s most beautiful locations. For more information on the activities and offerings of Virginia State Parks call tollfree 1-800-933-PARK (7275).

Welcome a NEW Virginia State Park Although situated on the second largest body of freshwater in the state, Smith Mountain Lake State Park is not just for water enthusiasts. In addition to a full range of water related activities, including swimming, fishing and boating, the park offers miles of hiking trails, housekeeping cabins, camping, picnicking, a visitor center and interpretive programs. Located in Huddleston, Virginia the park offers children the chance to become Junior Naturalists which primarily focuses on themes of nature, and arts and crafts. It is sponsored by the Friends of Smith Mountain Lake State Park. For further information call (540) 297-6066 or visit

The Raymond R. Andy Guest Jr. Shenandoah River State Park is one of Virginia's newest state parks! Located just down stream from Bentonville, the park boasts over five miles of frontage on the South Fork of the Shenandoah River. The park consists of pastures, forests and vistas of the mountains and the river. Interpretive and educational programs are hosted during the summer months. For more information about Shenandoah River State Park call (540) 622-6840.

Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012


It’s a howlin’ good time for the whole family at the Great Wolf Lodge 79,000 square feet of water-packed excitement with a massive 84-degree indoor water park coupled with the outdoor waterpark create a funfilled adventure throughout the year at the Great Wolf Lodge in Williamsburg, Virginia! Grab a wand and delve into the interactive game of MagiQuest! A hi-tech compass leads kids on an interactive wayfinding adventure unveiling nine new quests in this next generation game of magic, mystery and discovery! Kids will also be able to test their agility on “Big Foot Pass” or get an ice cream-themed manicure in Scoops Kid Spa before gathering your family in the Grand Lobby for nightly fireside Story Time, the perfect ending to a Great Wolf day. No matter what age - the Lodge boasts activities and fun for even the smallest wolf pup in your family pack! To schedule your trip today call (800) 551-9653 or visit

Homeschool Days at Jamestown Settlement and Yorktown Victory Center.... At Jamestown Settlement and the Yorktown Victory Center, your homeschool students will love discovering the sights and sounds of the 17th and 18th centuries while learning about their nation’s history. You will love the variety of curriculum-based education programs offered for a range of grade levels – all taught by trained museum educators. The next homeschool program will be offered February 18-26, 2012 and the ticket is good for admission to both museums throughout the entire date range. In addition, optional hands-on programs and guided tours are available for students and their families. All programs address Virginia and United States standards of learning for history and social studies. For more information call (888) 593-4682/(757) 253-4838 or visit


Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Newseum Blends High-Tech With Historical The Newseum, a 250,000-square-foot museum of news, offers visitors an experience that blends five centuries of news history with up-to-the-second technology and hands-on exhibits. The Newseum features seven levels of galleries, theaters, retail spaces and visitor services. It offers a unique environment that takes museum visitors behind the scenes to experience how and why news is made. Another world of learning awaits as students explore 14 galleries, 15 theaters and dozens of displays and interactive spaces. In the Newseum’s hands-on laboratory and classroom, educators can select various learning experiences and pick the lessons that suit their students’ needs and interests. Learning Center classes meet national standards of learning and are taught by educators with experience in history and journalism. The Newseum offers interactive, experiential team-building activities for groups of all ages. Debate, role play and work together to explore history’s biggest headlines, the inner workings of a newspaper or the foundations of the five freedoms. Learning Center classes must be requested at least one week in advance. Please be advised that your preferred date may not be available, so have at least two dates in mind. Teachers who book field trips to the Newseum are also eligible to attend a Teacher Orientation and Planning Session (TOPS). For registration, prices/discounts, digital classroom activities, policies and procedures visit Washington-area school groups visit the Newseum for free. The program is cosponsored by WTOP 103.5 and The Washington Post. Contact Crystal Andrews, Field Trip Coordinator, at (202) 292-6650 or email your group reservation today at educationprograms@

Virginia War Museum American military history unfolds at the Virginia War Museum in Newport News, Virginia. Outstanding collections of personal artifacts, weapons, vehicles, uniforms, posters and much more trace the development of the U.S. military from 1775 through the present. Educational programs include the American Revolution, Civil War Soldier's Life, World War I, The Holocaust, The Vietnam War and a Soldier's Heritage. For further information call (757) 247-8523, email, or visit


Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Plan your adventure in Harrisonburg...

Tap into the Shenandoah Valley Discovery Museum

Visit Harrisonburg, Virginia and experience one of the local museums, historic places and Civil War Trails. Many adventures are entirely free such as the The Hardesty-Higgins Visitor Center. The center hosts the Valley Turnpike Museum, Rocktown Gift Shoppe, Mrs. Hardesty’s Tea Room and the Harrisonburg Rockingham Civil War Orientation Center, located within a beautifully restored structure. Call (540) 432-8935 for details. The Harrisonburg Fire Department Museum also welcomes visitors free of charge and allows a glimpse into a fireman's history. Explore fire memorabilia such as uniforms, medals, equipment, old fire alarms and photographs. Let loose future scientists at the D. Ralph Hostetter Museum of Natural History at the Eastern Mennonite University! More than 6,000 artifacts and specimens offer groups a chance to see things such as a 3,000 year-old mummy hand, two-headed calf, a fluorescent rock room and a Hands-on Discovery room. For more information and to schedule a day of discovery call (540) 432-4400 or visit For the more physical group, head over to Wild Guyde Adventures and enjoy a day of hiking, caving, canoe paddling and rock climbing/rappelling in the North River or Lee Ranger Districts, along Virginia’s beautiful Blue Ridge or at spectacular Seneca Rocks, West Virginia! No skills necessary as Wild Guyde staff provides guided beginner level outdoor adventures and competent instruction in activity fundamentals. Without even knowing kids will learn to overcome challenges, leadership and overall personal strength. Call Wild Guyde Adventures today at (540) 433-1637 and visit to see nature from a different point of view. For more exciting things to do in Harrisonburg call (540) 432-8935 or visit

Create a lasting educational experience at the Shenandoah Valley Discovery Museum in Winchester, Virginia. In addition to the interactive, hands-on exhibits and special presentations, the museum staff has developed a wide variety of Outreach Programs that focus on the sciences and mathematics, the humanities and the arts. The Discovery Museum is prepared to receive groups of approximately 75 children plus chaperones. Choose from programs including Five Senses, Masters of Adaptation Migratory Songbirds, All about Air, Mind-Boggling Molecules, Race Away with Physics, Kinesthetic Astronomy and many more. To make reservations call (540) 722-2020 or visit

Think outside the classroom.

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Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

The coolest classroom in the world.....Busch Gardens, Williamsburg

Learning takes on a whole new meaning at Busch Gardens. Here, kids can discover the importance of animal preservation and conservation when they come face-to-face with a bald eagle. They can learn more about architecture and 17th century Europe as they wander through Busch Gardens villages or explore foreign culture through shows like Celtic Fyre. If you're looking for a way to bring the concepts of physics to life, nothing compares to a jaw-dropping ride from one of the parks incredible roller coasters. Another educational program called Conservation Counts is an enriching experience demonstrating the importance of conservation. Students will learn about what it takes to be a “Virginia

Green” tourism attraction. Ongoing conservation initiatives at Busch Gardens make it a fun place to teach your students about something that can really make a difference in their lives. Funky Physics is the most popular educational show at Busch Gardens, Williamsburg. The park partners with NASA to present a highenergy, hip-hop show about the physics of motion in the Globe Theatre. Available from March to October, groups may embark into X-treme Physics. Teachers create the curriculum based on their own preferences and use the tools of the park to make it an exceptional learning experience. There is much to do and learn at Busch Gardens and you won’t need a desk to do it! For more information call (800) 343-7946 or visit

Bring your Smartphone to Busch Gardens Need to know the wait time for Busch Gardens’ Griffon roller coaster? The Williamsburg theme park has an app for that. A new Busch

Gardens mobile app, available for download today at the App Store on iTunes, sends parkspecific information like restaurant menus, show schedules and restroom locations right to a guest’s smartphone. An interactive map lets GPScompatible phones navigate the park with ease so guests can spend less time rushing around the 150-acre park and more time enjoying its attractions. For more information call (800) 343-7946 or visit


Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Investigate the past in

Colonial Williamsburg...

Colonial Williamsburg visitors become witnesses, defendants and jury in a local court session where lives, liberties, and property come into contest. You might find yourself taking on the role of justice, attorney, litigant, petitioner or defendant. See how the rights of Virginians were maintained in open court. This 30minute program is included in all Historic Area admission tickets. For details call (800) 228-8878, email or visit

Colonial Williamsburg offers a variety of ways for groups of all sizes, interests, and ages to explore the 301-acre Historic Area, browse Williamsburg’s world-class indoor museums and discover something new about the creation of America. Plan your group visit from mid-March through mid-November and experience our Revolutionary City® program—a group-friendly, dramatic street theater presentation. Choose one of Colonial Williamsburg’s School and Group Tours’ packages or customize your own group experience with the help of trained staff. Include Great Hopes Plantation in your Colonial Williamsburg study visit and discover a working farm where kids can become a part of daily life in a truly hands-on experience of rural life in the 1770s. They may help to harvest crops, grind corn for food, tend to the animals, saw wood for new construction or carry water from the well. After all, it was more profitable for rural children to work at home on the farm than to attend school. Your students will meet the “middling” farmers working the land in order to survive in this prosperous colony. They’ll also encounter some of the enslaved laborers who share stories of their individual struggles to be free. Just a short walk from the Visitor Center, Great Hopes Plantation is an interactive history lesson your students will never forget. You’ll want to take advantage of this opportunity to experience 18th-century farm life! For further information and booking a group tour call (800) 228-8878, email or visit


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Homeschooler Days at Colonial Williamsburg...

Mark your calendars for the Colonial Williamsburg - Spring 2012 Homeschooler Experience, to be held on February 11-26, 2012. Spring experiences emphasize domestic life and include opportunities to explore family life, education and the apprenticeship system. Visits to trade shops encourage students to delve into sciences and math as well as history. If you happen to miss the February event then make plans to attend the Fall 2012 Homeschooler Experience on September 8-23, 2012. For additional information call (800) 228-8878, email or visit

2 minutes from I-81 at EXIT 269



Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Dedicated to the brave...

National D-Day Memorial On June 6, 1944, 160,000 Allied troops landed along a 50-mile stretch of heavily-fortified French coastline to fight Nazi Germany on the beaches of Normandy, France. General Dwight D. Eisenhower called the operation a crusade in which “we will accept nothing less than full victory.” More than 5,000 Ships and 13,000 aircraft supported the invasion, and by day’s end, the Allies gained a foot-hold in France. The D-Day cost was high with more than 9,000 Allied soldiers killed or wounded as the march across Europe to defeat Hitler began. Visitors can expect both an educational experience as well as an emotional one, as they walk

the grounds at the Memorial and leave with a clear understanding of the scale and sacrifices made during the largest amphibious landing the world has ever seen. With the stylized English Garden, haunting invasion tableau, and striking Victory Plaza, the Memorial stands as a powerful permanent tribute to the valor, fidelity, and sacrifice of D-Day participants. Outreach programs are also offered Monday-Friday for grades 3-12. Programs are interactive, inquiry-based and promote critical thinking skills and last approximately one hour. To schedule your tour today call (540) 586-3329 or visit

Make Room for the Memories.


History of America

Closer USS Monitor Center

An adventure of historic proportion is waiting for your groups—at two living-history museums that explore America’s beginnings. They can board replicas of colonial ships. Grind corn in a Powhatan Indian village. Try on English armor inside a palisaded fort. And join historical interpreters at a *VU[PULU[HS(YT`LUJHTWTLU[MVYHÄYZ[OHUKSVVRH[[OL9L]VS\[PVU»ZLUK ;HRLWHY[PUN\PKLK[V\YZHUKOHUKZVUWYVNYHTZ;LSS[OLTUV[[VMVYNL[ their cameras. Because the history here is life size. And their memories will be even bigger!

Virginia Living Museum The Mariners’ Museum

Virginia 1-888-868-7593

Minutes to Williamsburg Short drive to Virginia Beach



Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

National D-Day Memorial in Bedford... Teacher Resources including list of educational resources, information on field trips, D-Day Lesson Plans and Lunchbox Lectures. Busch Gardens in Williamsburg... Check out Busch Gardens Planning Toolkit for downloadable forms such as maps, Educational Programs for the year, Group registration forms, Youth & Performance Picnic Packages, NASA Days, Scout programs, Scavenger Hunt, Sound Sharp Performance Application and an X-Treme Physics lesson plan. Colonial Williamsburg... The Teacher Gazette is issued monthly during the school year. Each issue contains a variety of information geared for the educator audience: news from the teaching world, teaching strategies and tidbits from Colonial Williamsburg staff, primary sources, updates and information about Electronic Field Trips and other Colonial Williamsburg educational materials. Jamestown Settlement & Yorktown Victory Center... Take advantage of a variety of Teacher Resources, including curriculum materials, check lists and reservation forms for school groups. Learn more about planning an education group visit to Jamestown Settlement and the Yorktown Victory Center. Download the 2011-2012 Education Planner(PDF). Download the 2011-2012 Education Planner in flipbook format. Shenandoah Valley Discovery Museum... Download a teachers packet before you visit the Shenandoah Valley Discovery Museum at Newseum... The Newseum provides teachers with online lesson plans designed to engage students and enhance classroom learning. Teachers who book a visit may choose to take a free pre-visit orientation and meet with a Newseum educator to customize their field trip. The Newseum’s workshops for teachers present the First Amendment, history and journalism from a fresh, multi-disciplinary perspective and provide resources and strategies so participants can take what they learn into their own classrooms.

The Edith Bolling Wilson Birthplace Foundation and Museum Discover the Edith Bolling Wilson Birthplace Museum in Wytheville, Virginia and learn about Edith, who grew up to become one of the most influential, controversial and politically significant women of the twentieth century. Born and raised in Wytheville, Edith Bolling Wilson was a descendant of Pocahontas and also married the 28th President of the United States - Woodrow Wilson. Learn about the extraordinary life of Mrs. Wilson before, during and after her husband's presidency. When a stroke left the President incapacitated, she helped shield him from Congress and the public. Because of her extensive involvement during this time, she has been referred to by historians as "The First Woman President". Call (276) 223-3484 or visit for additional information. Photograph courtesy of Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs Division.

breath·tak·ing: [breth-tey-king] n. A geological masterpiece with well-lit well-paved walkways stretching throughout. Rooms 10 stories high, enormous columns and crystal-clear pools. vi. Discover the most spectacular caverns on the East Coast. Discover Luray. For a free brochure, call (888) 443-6551 or visit


Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Virginia FieldTrip Attractions The numbers inside the indicate a Virginia State Park. Locate any park by using the Map Legend on Page 15.


This light indicates a Harrisonburg Tourism Attraction Quicksburg

23 36 Bento

Mt. Jackson Luray

New Market Harrisonburg




The National D-Day Memorial Foundation

Riverton, West Virginia

Natural Bridge

National Radio Astronomy Observatory





Green Bank, West Virginia

27 Big Stone Gap

Wytheville 24 Austinville 12 Marion

Duffield Ewing









29 Randolph

Max Meadows







Lynchburg Bedford



Mouth of Wilson




Statewide Bedford Green Bank, WV Harrisonburg Harrisonburg Harrisonburg Harrisonburg Herndon Newport News Newport News Norfolk Moseley Palmyra

Virginia State Parks National D-Day Memorial National Radio Astronomy Observatory Harrisonburg Tourism And Visitor Services D. Ralph Hostetter Museum of Natural History at EMU Harrisonburg Fire Department Museum WILD GUYde Adventures, LLC Luray Caverns Newport News Tourism Virginia Living Museum Norfolk Convention & Visitors Bureau Metro Richmond Zoo Camp Friendship

22 31 20



Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Teacher Workshops in Virginia: KTU Kids Tech University program at Virginia Tech: "Interactive Session: Will Computers Replace Humans?" Workshop instructor: Dr. Kathleen Jamison, Virginia 4-H; Guest Researcher: Dr. Wuchun Feng. Feb. 25, 2012, 8am-5pm During this workshop, educators will learn about this history of computers, current uses of supercomputers, biological computer applications. Educators will also work with various computer programs that give insight into computer programming for kids. CEU (Continuing Education Unit) credits offered. Virginia 4-H will pay for the first 10 participants registered for the program (a 30 dollar fee). Teaching American History Grants: CLA is proud to announce its having helped bring a federal grant to the Southwest Virginia Education Consortium for a third consecutive year. The new $1million grant will develop "My History Partner," an unprecedented tool for supporting K-12 history teachers. Check out for a list of workshops (thru 2012) offered and much more.


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Woodbridge Stafford




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Palmyra Ashland

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Cumberland Moseley

Rice Green Bay



2 King William


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Williamsburg Surry


Jamestown Newport News


Norfolk Virginia Beach



National Curriculum Network Conference: March 8-9, 2012, Williamsburg, Virginia. Join your fellow professionals in the field of gifted education in Williamsburg and share in discussions about curriculum, instruction, and assessment for high-ability learners at the Center for Gifted Education's National Curriculum Network Conference. The primary purpose of the conference is to provide a forum in which educators may engage in dialogue and discussion of curriculum issues for high-ability and gifted learners. Visit for additional information. Teacher workshops, offered on-site at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, offer dynamic possibilities and innovative ideas for interdisciplinary learning. Participants receive resource packets that include background information, lesson plan suggestions, and CDs of images. Certificates of participation are awarded for those seeking re-certification points. Visit Learn/Educators/Teacher_Workshops/Teacher_Workshops_at_VM FA.aspx for a list of workshops in 2012.




Riverton, West Virginia Shenandoah Caverns Spotsylvania Stafford Washington, DC Williamsburg Williamsburg Williamsburg Williamsburg Williamsburg Williamsburg Winchester Wytheville

Seneca Caverns Shenandoah Caverns Spotsylvania County Stafford County Tourism The Newseum Busch Gardens Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Great Wolf Lodge Jamestown Settlement Maximum Guided Tours Yorktown Victory Center Visitor's Site Shenandoah Valley Discovery Museum Wytheville Convention & Visitors Bureau


Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Salt... Composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl). Salt is essential for life but harmful to animals, people and plants in excess. Salt for human consumption is produced in different forms: unrefined salt (such as sea salt), refined salt (table salt), and iodized salt.

The many uses of Salt..... The sodium ion itself is used for electrical signaling in the nervous system. The Latin phrase "salarium argentum," "salt money," referred to part of the payment made to every Roman soldier, and the word has been carried down the ages into the English word "salary". Salt was included among funereal offerings found in ancient Egyptian tombs from the third millennium BC, as were salted birds and salted fish.

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Salting, either with dry salt or brine, was the only widely available method of preserving meat until the 19th century. Some very harmful bacteria, like salmonella, can be controlled with low levels of salt.

During the Civil War..... The most important saltworks for the Confederacy were at Saltville, Virginia. Salt pork and beef was essential for soldiers and families. In Georgia, the price of salt depended on one's family circumstances.

One way Southern families acquired salt was to boil the dirt in areas where they had previously cured meats. They would dig it out, and strain it.

A Salty Experiment....

Which water will an egg float in? Materials: • Table Salt • Two Bowls • A Tablespoon • Warm Tap Water • Two Eggs 1. Fill both bowls with warm tap water. 2. Add a few tablespoons of salt to one of the bowls of water and stir it really well, until the salt has dissolved in the water. 3. Carefully place a egg in each bowl. 4. One egg will float and the other will sink.

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Do you know why? The salt water is heavier than the plain tap water, so the weight of the egg does not have to push away as much water to make space for itself and therefore it floats.


Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Most essential ingredient of worldwide history..... Saltville, Virginia is tucked in the mountains of Southwest Virginia and is one of the most historically significant communities in our nation. The inland saline marsh of Saltville possesses one of the most essential ingredients of worldwide history: salt. Saltville was extremely important to the Confederacy during the Civil War. Since salt was the primary method of preserving food and Saltville was the South's only significant source of salt, the Confederacy wanted to hold Saltville and the Union wanted to capture it. Two Civil War battles were fought in Saltville -- the first was fought on October 2, 1864 and resulted in the defeat a Union army of 5,200 men. The second battle on December 20, 1864, resulted in the destruction of the Saltworks by the Union army. Learn more at the Museum of the Middle Appalachians in Saltville, Virginia. Call (276) 496-3633 or visit


What does every cell of your body contain?

Virginia State Parks Name



1) Bear Creek Lake State Park 2) Belle Isle State Park 3) Breaks Interstate Park 4) Chippokes Plantation State Park 5) Claytor Lake State Park 6) Douthat State Park 7) Fairy Stone State Park 8) False Cape State Park 9) First Landing State Park 10) Grayson Highlands State Park 11) Holliday Lake State Park 12) Hungry Mother State Park 13) James River State Park 14) Kiptopeke State Park 15) Lake Anna State Park 16) Leesylvania State Park 17) Mason Neck State Park 18) Natural Tunnel State Park 19) New River Trail State Park 20) Occoneechee State Park 21) Pocahontas State Park 22) Sailor's Creek Battlefield State Park 23) Shenandoah River State Park 24) Shot Tower Historical State Park 25) Sky Meadows State Park 26) Smith Mountain Lake State Park 27) Southwest Virginia Museum State Park 28) Staunton River State Park 29) Staunton River Battlefield State Park 30) Tabb Monument State Park 31) Twin Lakes State Park 32) Westmoreland State Park 33) Wilderness Road State Park 34) York River State Park 35) Caledon Natural Area 36) NEW! The Raymond R. Andy Guest Jr. Shenandoah River State Park

Cumberland Lancaster Breaks Surry Dublin Millboro Stuart Virginia Beach Virginia Beach Mouth of Wilson Appomattox Marion Gladstone Cape Charles Spotsylvania Woodbridge Lorton Duffield Fosters Falls Clarksville Chesterfield Rice Bentonville Austinville Delaplane Huddleston Big Stone Gap Scottsburg Randolph Amelia Green Bay Montross Ewing Williamsburg King George

(804) 492-4410 (804) 462-5030 (276) 865-4413 (757) 294-3625 (540) 643-2500 (540) 862-8100 (276) 930-2424 (757) 426-7128 (757) 412-2300 (276) 579-7092 (434) 315-0457 (276) 781-7400 (434) 933-4355 (757) 331-2267 (540) 854-5503 (703) 730-8205 (703) 339-2385 (276) 940-2674 (276) 699-6778 (434) 374-2210 (804) 796-4255 (434) 315-0349 (540) 622-6840 (276) 699-1791 (540) 592-3556 (540) 297-6066 (276) 523-1322 (434) 572-4623 (434) 454-4312 800-933-PARK (434) 392-3435 (804) 493-8821 (276) 445-3065 (757) 566-3036 (540) 663-3861


(540) 622-6840

See Map Centerfold, page 12 and 13

We distribute at......

2012 Conferences and Meeting February 19-21, 2012 — Ocean City, MD Small Museum Association - Annual Conference March 8 - 9, 2012 — Williamsburg, VA — National Curriculum Network Conference March 23-24, 2012 — Glen Allen, VA VaHomeschoolers 2012 Conference and Resource Fair March 17-20, 2012 — Newport News, VA Virginia Association of Museums Conference (VAM) June 7-9, 12 — Richmond, VA — 2012 HEAV Virginia Homeschool Convention

Answer: Salt


Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Beneath it’s many layers history seeps from Seneca Caverns in Riverton, West Virginia. Through the years the ownership of the caverns changed and so did it’s purpose. The first verifiable history of human contact with the cave was in the early 1400's when the Seneca Indians used the cave. The Caverns were located on a great Indian trading route through the Appalachian Mountains and was used by many tribes. Only the Seneca Indians lived in the caverns and used the cave for shelter, storage and special ceremonies. Later it remained a show cave for some time and eventually during the 1960's the Civil Defense used the cave for food storage and a fall out shelter. Students and visitors may discover the Indiana bats and Virginia Big-ear Bats that dwell in the caverns. These small creatures cling to the walls and ceilings and if you visit between April and October you may witness them eating their body weight equivalent in insects every day. Seneca Caverns offers a variety of group tours and options including combos and packages with a brown bag lunch. Tour buses are welcome (pre-arranged) and all-inclusive pricing is available for all activities at Seneca Caverns. For further information call (800) 239-7647 or visit The dark Stratosphere Cave, part of the Seneca Caverns in Riverton, West Virginia, keeps many of the most stunning cave formations hidden. Only with illumination of the field trips flashlight does one see unbelievable sights such as the Stratosphere Balloon. CaveXplore offers a taste of wild caving in the Stratosphere Cave. Adventurers are outfitted with headlamps, knee pads, gloves and back-up lights and given 2 1/2 hours inside the cave with a guide. To schedule a tour visit or call (800) 239-7647.

It may look unreal....but it’s not! All coloration in Luray Caverns is natural, caused by the mineral content of the seeping ground water. Dream Lake is the largest body of water in the caverns but its deepest point is not more than 18 to 20 inches. This sparkling lake reflects a myriad of fantastic forms and creates a mirror image of the abundant stalactites hanging from the ceiling. This “must see” U.S. Natural Landmark awaits with tours on well-lighted, paved walkways, enormous chambers filled with towering columns, shimmering draperies and crystal-clear pools. Call the caverns today for a day of history at (540) 743-6551 or visit

Would you rather have mosquitoes or bats? Did you know that a single big brown bat can eat between 3,000 and 7,000 mosquitos in a night, with large populations of bats consuming thousands of tons of potentially harmful forest and agricultural pests annually. Virginia big-eared bats live in limestone caves and old mines. Unlike many species of bat, they

do not migrate instead, they spend the winter hibernating. They live in isolated populations in southwestern Virginia, northwestern North Carolina, eastern West Virginia, and eastern Kentucky.

The only cavern with an elevator.....Shenandoah Caverns Shenandoah Caverns reveals its wonders along a one-mile tour circuit where a comfortable 56-degree temperature is maintained year-round. The caverns also offers elevator service as well as the added convenience of level walkways and no stairs. On your field trip to Shenandoah Caverns enjoy soaring rooms like Long View Hall, the famous "Breakfast Bacon" limestone formations as well as a variety of unique, intricate and unexpected formations like Capitol Dome, Diamond Cascade and Rainbow Lake. The trip doesn’t end at the cave though, guests may also tour the Yellow Barn to learn about agriculture or be

immersed in history at the American Celebration on Parade Exhibits. The Shenandoah Caverns family of attractions welcomes all types of educational and youth groups. All of the attractions offer outstanding field trips and educational tours that combine an enjoyable experience with an educational opportunity in earth science, physical science, history and social studies. The Virginia Standards of Learning-oriented tours are age and grade directed. For more information call (540) 477-3115 or visit

Many could not imagine the Civil War without the massive battles that took place... one key ingredient for all the battles was gunpowder. The main ingredient in black gunpowder is potassium nitrate, a compound derived from niter or saltpeter. Saltpeter is a potassium nitrate (KNO3) that commonly forms in cave deposits. Caverns are common in the Valley and Ridge province of western Virginia. Here, folded layers of limestone and dolomite are dissolved by naturally acidic groundwater in the subsurface to form caves. Flowing water tends to deposit sand and clay on

the floor of many caves and it is in this sediment that saltpeter may accumulate. Virginia was the leading saltpeter/niter producer during the Civil War with an estimated total production of about 500,000 pounds. Saltpeter was mined on a small-scale at over 100 caves in western Virginia.

Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012



Spotsylvania County – rich in historical resources....

Tour Spotsylvania County and explore Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania Courthouse and Wilderness battlefields. Begin the tour at the Chancellorsville Battlefield Visitor Center which features numerous walking trails, a museum and bookstore and don’t miss the Wilderness Battlefield and Exhibit Shelter. The Spotsylvania County Museum continues to house a collection of local artifacts and genealogical records with a research library. For fun and education bring your group to Belvedere! The 245 year-old farm of approximately 1000 acres offers educational tours, the Great Adventure Maze and special events. For information on any and all the wonderful places of Spotsylvania County email, call (800) 972-2526 or visit and

Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Make Electroactive (Non-Toxic) Slime Difficulty: Average Time Required: 30 minutes 3/4 c cornstarch 2 c vegetable oil glass or tumbler refrigerator 1x6x6 inch styrofoam (175 mL cornstarch, 475 mL oil, approximately 25x150x150mm block of styrofoam) Instructions: 1. Mix the cornstarch and vegetable oil together in the glass. 2. Refrigerate the slime mixture until it is chilled. 3. Remove from the refrigerator and stir (separation is normal). 4. Allow the mixture to warm enough so that it can flow. 5. Take a block of styrofoam and charge it by rubbing it on hair, wool or carpet. 6. Tip the container of slime (which should flow slowly). Place the charged styrofoam about an inch (2 cm) from the flowing slime. It should stop flowing and seem to gel! 7. If you wiggle the charged styrofoam the slime may follow or pieces of it may even break off. 8. When the styrofoam is removed the slime will continue to flow. 9. After use, refrigerate slime in a sealed container.


Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Encounter creatures of the bay, experience a cool mountain cove before strolling through a steamy cypress swamp at the Virginia Living Museum in Newport News, Virginia. It is a fact that students become more invested in learning when they can handle real natural history specimens in hands-on discovery centers. For more information or to schedule a visit call (757) 595-9135 or go to

By Shannon Petrosky, group sales and tourism manager

Bring your students to a place where they can discover Virginia’s rich natural heritage, from the mountains to the sea at the Virginia Living Museum in Newport News. Encounter creatures of the bay, experience a cool mountain cove before strolling through a steamy cypress swamp and explore the underwater world of the Chesapeake Bay and the underground realm of a limestone cave. A visit to the observatory will allow students to see spectacular views of the sun followed by a voyage through the galaxies in the Abbott Planetarium. Students will embark on a self-guided walking tour through the museum’s indoor and outdoor exhibits that focus on many important concepts. The VLM’s non-live collections are used extensively in student programs. Students become more invested in learning when they can handle real natural history specimens like sea turtle ribs, otter pelts and fossils in hands-on discovery centers. The Living Green house and conservation garden showcase offers options to build, garden and live green. Along the outdoor boardwalk trail, students will encounter rare red wolves, bald eagles, come face to face with playful river otters and observe wetland birds such as herons, egrets and brown pelicans. The Virginia Living Museum is the mid-Atlantic region’s premier science education facility where science is taught with a hands-on, minds-on philosophy. Programs are SOL-correlated, grade-level targeted and endorsed by the Virginia Department of Education, U.S Department of education and the NSF. For more information or to schedule a visit please call (757) 595-9135 or go to

Is it a fruit or vegetable?.......all depends on who you are! Tomatoes Potatoes Carrots Blueberries Pecan Nut

The confusion about 'fruit' and 'vegetable' arises because of the differences in usage between scientists and cooks. Vegetable is often a grocery store term: Tomatoes are called vegetables to distinguish them from the sweeter fruits like peaches. Carrots are called vegetables but the part we eat is of course a root. A fruit is the ripened ovary of a flower. The ovary ripens when the ovules inside have been fertilized. Seeds of flowering plants are always found inside fruits.


Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Camp Friendship

Horses have and will continue to be an important part of history. Studies have been conducted that show horses help improve the lives of people of all ages through improved balance and coordination, increased self-confidence, and a greater feeling of freedom and independence. The Camp Friendship Equestrian Camp houses over 90 horses and 753 acres of open fields and trails through the woods for campers to explore with their new found friends in Palmyra, Virginia. Contact Skye, Equestrian Director, with any questions at (434) 5893878 or email For more information on everything the sprawling Camp Friendship has to offer visit or call (800) 873-3223.

False Cape State Park Take a ride on the Terra Gator at False Cape State Park through Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge in Virginia Beach, Virginia. The Terra Gator operates only on weekends from November 1 through March 31 for a fee. This unique park is primitive and has few facilities but with the Terra Gator ride visitors will see more of the trails and the natural beach like never before. Call (800) 933-7275 to make reservations. (Groups may make arrangements for weekdays or other time slots, still only between Nov. 1 and March 31, by contacting the park directly at (757) 426-7128, email


Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Centuries of tales to tell in Stafford... Stafford, Virginia has been a crossroads for many important events and travelers in history. From Pocahontas and Captain John Smith, to George Washington and his boyhood home, to the more than 140,000 Civil War soldiers encamped in Stafford during the winter of 1862-63 — Stafford has centuries of tales to tell. Visit Stafford, experience the past, and create memories that will last a lifetime. George Washington's Ferry Farm and boyhood home should be on every teachers list to visit. A visit to Ferry Farm starts in the Visitor Center where there are displays of colonial and Civil War artifacts found on the property and the archaeology lab, where archaeologists can usually be seen working. Additionally groups may enjoy the gardens that feature plants grown in the 18th century. Then it's on to exploring the

rest of the grounds (approximately 80 acres). Another great field trip destination in Stafford County includes live performing arts at Riverside Theatre - Virginia’s largest dinner theatre - while Gari Melchers' gallery will awe and inspire budding artists. Civil War artifacts and designs of historic buildings will make real the importance of mathematics and scientific studies. Take a tour of the Chatham, White Oak Civil War Museum, the Historic Port of Falmouth and so much more. For details call (540) 658-8681 or visit

Stafford County’s Ferry Farm Educational Trunk Pick up a trunk of educational tools at Ferry Farm and bring history into the classroom. The George Washington Trunk introduces our first President through stories, mapping activities, arts and crafts, money games, a birthday celebration, and learning center materials. Lesson plans are included to enhance teaching and there is no charge for the use of the trunk. Only one trunk is available so be sure to reserve early! For additional information or to reserve the trunk, contact Vickie Hayes by phone at (540) 371-3363 x24 or by email at

Worth seeing. Worth remembering. Worth passing on.

© 2o12 The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation

Students arriving here are in for an unforgettable experience. Although our focus is on history, we also teach math, science, literature, geography, and the arts in a fun, interactive way. They’ll enjoy special guided tours featuring hands~on activities, all designed to make the emotions and dramas that occurred here so long ago come alive. &RORQLDO:LOOLDPVEXUJKDVEHHQDSUHPLHU¿HOGaWULSGHVWLQDWLRQIRUPRUH than 7o years. So don’t miss this chance to help your students gain insights they’ll want to pass on to children of their own someday. Visits can be tailored to include lodging, dining, 18th~century tavern meals, and evening entertainment.

Group packages available for 15 students or more. To plan a trip or make reservations, call 1~8oo~2o6~6628, or visit

Be part of the story.


Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

5 Fun Field Trips Lee Hall Mansion in Newport News

Naval Station Tour in Norfolk

Built between 1851 and 1859, Lee Hall Mansion was home to affluent planter Richard Decauter Lee. One of the last remaining antebellum homes on the Virginia Peninsula, Lee Hall offers visitors a step back to the mid-Victorian period. Groups of all ages will learn about the Lee family and the role this home played during the Civil War. Special programs, lectures and outreach programs are available. For group tour information call (757) 888-3371 or visit Reservations must be made at least two weeks in advance.

Norfolk, Virginia, is the proud home of the largest naval base in the world. Naval Station Norfolk, the world's largest Naval Station, occupies about 4,300 acres, houses 75 ships and 134 aircraft that conduct over 100,000 flight operations each year. Guided by Navy personnel the 45-minute tour passes aircraft carriers, destroyers, frigates, amphibious assault ships and the busy airfield. The tour also drives by historic homes from the 1907 Jamestown Exposition. Please bring proper ID and call the tour office at (757) 444-7955 to make reservations. Also visit for additional information.

Stafford County Civil War Park Tours Ever wonder what Civil War fortifications and sites looked like before they were set aside in Parks? See 3 large Civil War fortifications, a Civil War road, bridge remains and more just as they were left nearly 150 years ago. Guides from the Friends of Stafford Civil War Sites (FSCWS) will take participants on a tour of the Park site and provide an overview of plans in work to establish a public Park during the Civil War Sesquicentennial (150th) commemoration. The tour will last approximately 23 hours. Tours by appointment only with fees contributing to the site's preservation. For more information call (540) 658-6324 or visit

"It is well that war is so terrible, else we should grow too fond of it." — General Lee to General Longstree

Spotsylvania Court House District The Spotsylvania Court House District was designated a Virginia Historic Landmark and listed in The National Register of Historic Places in 1983. Three major Civil War battles occurred in Spotsylvania County and it was the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House which marked the beginning of the fall of the Confederacy. The District represents important historical periods in Spotsylvania County, from the building of the Spotswood Inn, through the Civil War, to serving as the present location of the Spotsylvania Government Center. To schedule your tour contact the Spotsylvania County Department of Economic Development at (800) 972-2526 or visit

Harrisonburg Rockingham Civil War Orientation Center Located in the Hardesty-Higgins House, the Civil War Orientation Center offers the stories of individuals, battles, and campaigns through film and interpretation. Pick up your Shenandoah At War Guide and other resources to explore our region. Share the experiences of the Shenandoah Valley at war. For more information call (540) 432-8935 or visit

Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Green Bank, West Virginia operates the Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT), the world's largest fully steerable single aperture antenna. The Green Bank Science Center is open year-round for your students! The 25,000 square foot facility contains the Catching the Wave Exhibit Hall, 150-seat auditorium, StarLab Classroom, gift shop and even a cafĂŠ. Now offering hands-on activities and StarLab sessions in addition to guided tours of the telescopes. Inspire your students to join the next generation of scientists and engineers. To begin planning your NRAO field trip call (304) 456-2164, email gbt-tours or visit



Virginia Field Trips – Spring 2012

Virginia Field Trips Guide - Spring 2012  
Virginia Field Trips Guide - Spring 2012  

Published twice a year - a guide for teachers, parents, and students in the state of Virginia (and Washington, D.C.) to discover and plan fi...