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Indigenous People’s Day

celebrating national indigenous peoples day

Sunday, June 21st, 2020 SIOUX VALLEY DAKOTA NATION

sunday, june 21st, 2020

National Indigenous People’s day is a time to celebrate the people who first called this land home. We honour their culture, their history and their contributions to our nation.

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National Indigenous Peoples Day - June 21st, 2020

The Beauty of the World lies in the Diversity of its People Join in the celebration of culture, history & traditions of Canada’s Metis, Inuit and First Nations people, Sunday, June 21st

WISHING A HAPPY

National Indigenous Peoples Day SUNDAY, JUNE 21ST, 2020 FROM BRUCE & STAFF

204-748-3200 chickenchef.com 175 Wellington St W, Virden DINE-IN • TAKE-OUT ONLINE ORDERING • CATERING

On National Indigenous Peoples Day, Tundra recognizes and celebrates the rich heritage and cultural contributions of First Nations, Inuit and MĂŠtis peoples in Canada.

Celebrating Canada’s First peoples Since 1996, National Indigenous Peoples Day (originally National Aboriginal Day) is celebrated every year on June 21. This is a day for all Canadians to honour and celebrate the unique heritage, diverse cultures and outstanding contributions of indigenous people. The day coincides closely with the summer solstice, an occasion that’s culturally signiďŹ cant for many Aboriginal peoples. The celebrations taking place across the country are varied. Some communities choose to mark the holiday with barbecues and dancing, others host large events with musical performances and activities for children. Additionally, some bands choose to hold powwows to commemorate the event, complete with traditional dancing, drumming and food. National Indigenous Peoples Day events are open to all Canadians who are interested in learning about and celebrating the unique cultures of First Nations, Inuit and MĂŠtis peoples. Regardless of your ethnicity, on June 21 you’re invited to recognize the important role of Indigenous peoples in Canada. How will you celebrate this year?

A Taste of Tradition The delicious and easy to make Bannock, a type of flat fry bread, is believed to have originated from Scotland and brought to Canada by explorers and furtraderes who introduced it to the Indigenous peoples of Canada.

PREPARATION

INGREDIENTS (Makes 8 servings) • 4 cups flour • 2 tbsp. yeast • 1 tsp. sugar • 1/2 tsp. salt • 375 ml water or milk • A bit of vegetable oil

• Preheat oven to 400 °F (204 °C). • Mix the flour, sugar, salt and yeast in a large bowl. • Create a small well in the middle of the dough and slowly add the milk or water. • Using a spoon or your fingers, make small circles around the well and gradually start to mix the water (or milk) with the flour. • Knead the dough for several minutes while sprinkling it with flour. Shape the mixture into a ball and let it sit for 4 to 10 minutes. • Using your fingers or a paper towel, coat the bottom and sides of a large cast-iron skillet (about 12 inches wide) with a bit of vegetable oil. • Lower the dough into the skillet. • Cook for approximately 30 minutes.

WHO ARE CANADA’S ABORIGINAL PEOPLES & TERMS TO KNOW The Canadian constitution recognizes three distinct indigenous groups: MĂŠtis, Inuit and First Nations. • First Nations. This term is used to describe Indigenous peoples who are ethnically neither Inuit nor MĂŠtis - the predominant group south of the Arctic is First Nations, a category that comprises 634 separate bands speaking more than 50 distinct languages. It became common during the 1970s as an alternative to the outdated term Indian. It’s used to refer to people who have ofďŹ cial status under the Indian Act of Canada as well as people without status who identify as belonging to a First Nation. Whenever possible, you should use the name of the speciďŹ c nation in question rather than simply saying First Nations or Indigenous. • Inuit. Inuit means “peopleâ€? in the Inuktitut language and is used to refer to the Indigenous peoples that live in the Arctic regions of Canada. The term Eskimo is no longer used and is considered offensive in some cases. There are eight major Inuit ethnic groups and ďŹ ve main Inuit dialects. • MĂŠtis. The MĂŠtis are the descendants of First Nations women who were married to European colonizers and who, over time, developed their own distinct traditions, cultures and languages from those of their Indigenous and European ancestors. Most MĂŠtis populations are historically located in the Prairies, especially along the Red River in Manitoba. This term should only be used to refer to people who identify as MĂŠtis and not for all people of both Indigenous and European descent. All in all, there are more than 1.4 million Aboriginal people living in Canada. In general, indigenous cultures are characterized by a strong attachment to nurturing the ecosystem, while using precious natural resources in a respectful manner. Their intergenerational environmental solidarity represents a model that all of us stand to beneďŹ t from following. The passing on of this knowledge and heritage orally are at the heart of aboriginal traditions. When writing or talking about Indigenous peoples, try to use the correct terminology. Remember that certain words, like Indian and native, evoke Canada’s colonial past and were originally imposed on the First Nations, MĂŠtis and Inuit without regard for the names these groups used for themselves. It’s important that Indigenous peoples now have the chance to choose the terms that are used to identify them.

Our Aboriginal roots are showing There is a lot to celebrate this June 21, when National Aboriginal Day takes place. The First Nations, Inuit and MĂŠtis are the ancestral mothers and fathers of this land where we all live, and nowhere is that more evident than in our place names. From some of our biggest cities to our rivers, lakes and parks, Aboriginal place names mark our maps to this day. Even if you don’t live in British Columbia, you’re probably familiar with the Haida-Gwaii islands or the Coquihalla Highway. In Alberta, you’ll see signs for Lake Athabasca or Lake Minnewanka. The word “Saskatchewanâ€? means “swift-flowing riverâ€? in Cree, and “Manitobaâ€? means “spirit strait.â€? “Ontarioâ€? means “great lakeâ€? in Mohawk, while “Quebecâ€? is from the Mi’kmaq “strait.â€? Our newest territory, Nunavut, refers to the Inuit expression for “our land,â€? and Nunavik - the northern region of Quebec - is the Inuktitut word for “great land.â€? In Yukon, there’s the Klondike and Kluane Lake. In the Northwest Territories, you can visit the Nahanni National Park Reserve or fish in the Slave River. In New Brunswick, we have the Miramachi, said to be the oldest indigenous place name in the country. In Nova Scotia, we have Antigonish and Pictou; in Prince Edward Island there’s no shortage of Mi’kmaq place names, and in Newfoundland and Labrador we find Nunatsiavut and Wabush, to name just a couple. These well-known place names are just the tip of the iceberg. Visit any of Canada’s provinces and territories, and you’ll see the importance of our Aboriginal roots in the name of nearly every nook and cranny.

Preparing the future leaders BY ANNE DAVISON

explained the heritage Indigenous youth from and way of life of DaCanupawakpa, Virden kota families. In a series and nearby communities of workshops, teachers attend schools throughlearned about beadwork out Fort La Bosse School and food processing Division. Teachers, EAs (super-nutritious Saskaand Indigenous Elders toon and buffalo meat) are rising to the occawith stone implements sion, providing Dakota in a previous century. perspective in Mani- At an in-service for Goulter With the largest Datoba’s education system. School teachers, Eugene Ross kota collection in ManiYouth from Can- demonstrates the preparation of toba, Ross presented upawakpa Dakota First the ultra- nutritious Saskatoon photos and biographies Nation between Virden berries as part of the Dakota of the ancestors of the and Pipestone attend Nation’s historic diet. local Dakota communPHOTO/ANNE DAVISON schools in Virden. ities. He told of Dakota Canupawakpa is proud of their stu- crafters who, with skill and industry, dents who will graduate this June from built and sold products such as wickVirden Collegiate. They include, Kyran er baskets and even small buildings to Brown, Dreydon Demas, Paige Sandy, early settlers. Shanell Mason, and Taylor Cuny. Following his presentation in VirdEducation begins right in the Can- en, Ross was recently presented with upawakpa community. Jolene Suther- the Full Circle for Indigenous Educaland, the administrator for Education tion award in March. at Canupawakpa said that the youngHis presentations have grassroots est children, nursery school and kin- verity. Ross lived with his great granddergarten, attend the Wambdi Iyotaka mother in a log house with no running School within their community. water or electricity in Sioux Valley DaVirden’s Goulter School, Gr. 1-4, kota Nation. With his grandfather, he provides curriculum dedicated to learned Dakota culture, and the lanFirst Nations students. Linda Eastman guage. With his grandmother, Francis teaches Dakota Language there. Also Mazawasicuna, he learned the art of working within Goulter is Education- moccasin making. al Assistant Guy Panachyse, hired by Ross is an elder for Brandon’s AsCanupawakpa. Faye HiEagle is a long- siniboine Community College and an time EA at the school. elder with the Southern Chiefs OrganEastman also teaches at Virden Jun- ization. ior High School, where Lola ThunderTo increase understanding of abchild works as an EA. Thunderchild original history and culture Manitoba’s has been an organizer of pow wows, al- department of education is providing ways well attended by Virden schools, new curricula. The Assembly of First First Nations people as well as mem- Nations (AFN) developed “It’s Our bers of the public. These colourful Time: First Nations Education Tool dance events are foundational to Da- Kit� to help teachers to enhance First kota tradition. Nations student success. At a recent teacher in-service in The resource is designed to compleGoulter, elder and educator from Sioux ment both First Nations and provincial Valley Dakota Nation, Eugene Ross, curricula. (Manitoba.ca)

Dakota Tiwahe (meaning family) began a few years ago, and has done much work to awaken the spirits of the Dakota Oyate (people) promoting self-esteem and wellness, creating community pride and education to promote the language and culture which is the foundation of our Dakota Nation. There are several programs providing support and positive initiatives and reinforcing the responsibilities of parents to their children, to their family and to the community that will have long lasting effects for the future generations and well being of the community. This initiative was promoted by past and present leadership and showcases the instrumental work that can be achieved with determination and vision beyond the Indian Act. The proposed child and family law will be put to a vote by the members of the community in winter 2020. Multiple resources including leadership, legal counsel, Self-Government Office staff, Dakota Tiwahe and the Child and Family Committee are working to educate the community to ensure emphasis on grassroots feedback and involvement for informed decision making. Since the ratification of the Governance Agreement, the SVDN has passed four laws and is aiming to ratify three more this fiscal year in addition to the Child and Family Law. The Dakota Language Law will promote, revitalize and protectour language. The existing Election Law will be reformed and enhanced, and a Citizenship Law will be the foundation of determining who is a Dakota Nation Citizen in the future.

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Indigenous Peoples Day

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The Sioux Valley Dakota Nation (SVDN) is a proud nation with a long history and ties to this land and our traditional territories. Sioux Valley Dakota Nation Self Government Agreement was ratified in 2012 and was signed and proclaimed into law in 2013. With the Governance Agreement, the SVDN begins to move away from the Indian Act and its long standing racial and discriminatory policies and practices. SVDN has identified a number of areas where we will begin to take control, including child and family services. SVDN is undergoing the development of a law specific to this area and has already developed the Dakota Tiwahe Services to provide essential prevention programming to families and children.

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On June 21st, we encourage you to learn about the rich culture, traditions and history of the founding peoples of our land and the contributions they’ve made, and continue to make, to our country.

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Celebrate National Indigenous Peoples Day Sunday, June 21st, 2020

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National Indigenous Peoples Day 2020  

National Indigenous Peoples Day is a day for all Canadian's to celebrate and learn about the culture, traditions, and history of our country...

National Indigenous Peoples Day 2020  

National Indigenous Peoples Day is a day for all Canadian's to celebrate and learn about the culture, traditions, and history of our country...

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