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Past Simple •

1. Past Simple 2. Past Continuous 3. Past perfect

Actions, events, states that started and finished in the past (…ago, last …, yesterday… ) Regular verbs: -ed

* Be careful with spelling changes

Irregular verbs: Unfortunately this forms need to be memorized

For list of irregular verbs, see : • New English File (page 156) • English Grammar in Use (page 293)

Tell your partner – use past tense verbs!

Remember –ed spelling rules? English Grammar in Use (pages 298-299)

• • • •

What did you do yesterday? What did you do Friday night? Where were you Saturday morning? What did you do to celebrate your last birthday?



Past Continuous Subject + was / were + verb+ing Negation: Subject + was / were + not + verb+ing Yes/ No Question: Was / Were + subject + verb+ing ? Information Question: (WH) + Was / Were + subject + verb+ing ?

Remember –ing spelling rules? English Grammar in Use (pages 298-299)

Examples • Some verbs are NOT tipically used in the continuous tense. Instead, we prefer to use these verbs in the simple tenses (simple present or past). • These verbs are called STATIVE (or nonaction) verbs. Here are some examples: – want, like, love, hate, know, need, see, hear, believe, understand, have (possession) forget, remember, belong

I liked Rome NOT: I was liking Rome She had a headache. NOT: She was having a headache. I knew the answer. NOT: I was liking the answer.



Past Continuous: Three Uses

Tell a classmate – use past continuous verbs: I was _______ing

• Use 1:

Past actions that were in progress at a particular time in the past; actions that were not yet finished at a past time

Erika’s Schedule 8 – 9: had breakfast 9 – 10: finished her homework 10 – 11: exercised 11 – 12: cooked lunch 12 – 2: shopped 2 – 5: talked to a friend on the phone

At 8:30, Erika _________________ breakfast. At 9:15, she ___________________ her homework. At 10, she _____________________. At 11:30, she ___________________. At 1, she ____________________ lunch. At 3, she ______________ to a friend.

Past Continuous 2 • Use 2: Two (or more) actions that were in progress in the past at the same time

• Where were you last Thursday at 8 p.m.? What were you doing? • What were you doing Sunday morning at 7 a.m.? Who were you with? • What were you doing last night at this time? • What were you doing last week at this time? • What were you doing last year at this time?

Using past simple and past continuous together • Use past continuous to say what was in progress – I was crossing the street …

• Use while • Examples: Sorry, I wasn’t listening to you while you were talking. While I was reading, he was writing.

• Use simple past for the interrupting action – when the driver ran the red light.



Other examples:

I was sleeping when the telephone rang and woke me up.

More Examples: We were watching the news when the announcer made a special live report. I was trying to study when you called.

He was driving too fast when he crashed the car.

Final Tips … • Use while for two actions in progress at the same time in the past: – She was talking while he was driving.

• Use when when telling about sequence of events (one action that was in progress that was interrupted by another event in the past): – I was just leaving when you called. (first action in progress)

(interrupting event)

Student examples:

Punctuation with When and While • When and while at the front of a sentence, use a comma: – When you called, I was watching TV. – While he was washing the clothes, I was doing the dishes.

• When and while in the middle of a sentence, no comma – I was watching TV when you called.

– I was doing the dishes while he was washing the clothes.



PAST PERFECT Subject + had + past participle Negation: Subject + had + not + past participle

Examples • You had studied English before you moved to New York. . • Had you studied English before you moved to New York? • You had not studied English before you moved to New York

Yes/ No Question: Had + subject + past participle

PAST PERFECT • We use the past perfect to talk about an action which happened before another action in the Past – Ali had played football before he went back home.

Look at this example.

After he had taken his music lesson, he made a telephone call.



What had Ali done before he went fishing?

Ali had repaired his car, before he went fishing.


Past Tenses  
Past Tenses  

Presentación de los tiempos del pasado en inglés