Bi-Monthly Internet Magazine w Volume 1 w No. 1 w May/June 2012
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Spotnik‘s First Farao for ORMOND & Christi ORMOND First Fairytale © 2012 vio-dio Design
Spring at „s Nevskih Ost rovov“ Dalming‘s Hocus-Pocus
w/liver., 26.02.2003, 60 cm, all teeth, HD-A Inter, Nordic, Estonian, Swedish, Norwegian, Russian, Finnish, Czech, Lithuanian, Belarus, RKF Champion, Rus Dalmatian Club Winner-2011 9xCACIB, 13xBOB BOB of WAFDAL show 2009 BOB of Norwegian Dalmatians Club show 2004
Formula Odin s Nevskih Ostrovov white/black., 15.08.08, 58 cm, all teeth, HD-B Russian, Lithuania, Latvia, Moldova, Georgia Champion Grand Moldova Champion, Junior Russian Champion CACIB, res.CACIB, 4xBOB, BIG-2
Two „blossoms“ out of this promising combination are still available!
Dalmatian Kennel „S Nevskih Ostrovov“, Saint Petersburg, Russia, http://dalmatian-spb.narod.ru
Not only black is Youth Ch. Triple X vom Teutoburger Wald Ch. Quality Queen vom Teutoburger Wald Youth Ch. Treasure Toulouse vom Teutoburger Wald
„Dalmatiner vom Teutoburger Wald“ Karola Lehmann „Christi ORMOND Dalmatiner“ Michael Lehmann Germany Tel.-Fax.: +49 (0) 5083-912103 Mobil: + 49 (0) 152-02013044 E-mail: email@example.com
Ch. Christi ORMOND Exquisite Selection Youth Ch. Christi ORMOND Goddess of Victory Ch. Christi ORMOND Exacting Empire
Dalspots Dalmatians Plans are that Dalspots AlmostHarmony will be bred to Ch Dalmoâ€™s Elegant Edward during May 2012
Our Lacillas Electra has been mated to our Sweetspots Top Gun, puppies expected beginning of June at kennel Lacillas (www.lacillas.se) Lena & HĂĽkan Erlandsson, visit us at www.dalspots.se
Ch. Solbo‘s Kayo
Int., Nordic, NO, SE, DK, GER (VDH+Club) EJW‘09, KBHV‘10, DKW‘10, BW‘11
Kayo is continuing his triumph.... CAC/CAC-BIB + BOB at the national show in Dortmund (Germany) RCAC/RCAB-IB at the Bundessiegershow in Dortmund (Germany) CAC/CAB-IB + BOS at the international show in Kortrijk (Belgium) CAC/CAC-IB + BOB at the international show in Brussels (Belgium) CAC + BOB at the regional dogshow CDF in Bedburg (Germany) CAC/CAC-IB + BOB + BIG-2 at the international show in Leeuwarden (Netherlands) CAC/CAC-IB + BOB + BIG-2 at the international show in Antwerpen (Belgium)
Kayo is living at Kykado kennel, NL
Team Jilloc’s & Timanka
Topwinning Dalmatians in Sweden
all teeth, hips clear, BAER +/+ available in Germany
Jilloc’s Sugerdaddy hips clear, BAER +/+, lemon free
Jilloc’s All Rights Reserved Jilloc’s A Quantum Winner 4,5 months 4,5 months
Florence & Rune Brunberg Johansen phone: +46 70 3411734
Jilloc’s Zero Zero Zeven all teeth, hips clear, BAER +/+
Timanka’s Sweetness is My Weakness 4,5 months
Jilloc’s Spermbank all teeth, hips clear
Our latest Champion NordJV-10 Australian Ch
Jilloc’s Xpensive Ticket
Owner: Fran Matthews, Australia
More infos on: www.kdnisava.com
Thyroid Where is it?
The thyroid gland consists of two lobes located in front of the neck just above the larynx, near the trachea (windpipe).
What does it do?
The thyroid produces THYROID HORMONE. The two most important hormones are Tetraiodothyronine (thyroxin or T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3). It‘s primary function is the production of thyroxin, a hormone that allows the dog to maintain an adequate and consistent level of metabolism.
How is the Thyroid Hormone Produced and WHAT does it Do In the Body?
will be above normal and the TSH is below nor- • Primary causes are the most common and are associated only with the thyroid gland. mal in this situation. • Secondary causes are associated with the pituitary gland, such as a deficiency of TSH. What is it? • Tertiary causes, such as a deficiency of TRH, Hypothyroidism is a relatively common endoare associated with the Hypothalamus. crine disease in dogs, it is a condition in which the dog has a deficiency of the thyroid hormone in the blood stream. Thyroid hormone regulates A high percentage of dogs with hypothyroidism metabolism, and therefore, affects almost every are due to the thyroid gland being attacked by system in the body. Hypothyroidism caused the the dog‘s own immune system. At least 50% of thyroid gland ceasing to function properly, the hypothyroidism cases are caused by lymphocytic most common cause of canine thyroid dysfunc- thyroiditis. The result is gradual destruction of tion is autoimmune thyroiditis (estimated 90% the functional thyroid cells that produce, store, of cases), and tends to clinically manifest at 2 to and secrete thyroxin. 5 years of age. Decreased production of thyroid hormone is associated with destruction or dege- Autoimmune thyroiditis is the most common cause of primary hypothyroidism in dogs. Dogs neration of the thyroid gland. that are negative at 1 year of age may become poThyroid Panels and antibody tests should be sitive at 6 years of age. Hence, dogs should be tesused for genetics screening of apparently healthy ted every year or two in order to be certain that animals to evaluate their fitness for breeding. they have not developed the condition. Common tests that evaluate thyroid gland func- Exposure to drugs, many medications can advertion by measuring thyroid hormone concentra- sely affect thyroid function. tion in the blood are Total T4, TotalT3, Free T4 Less than 5% of the cases of hypothyroidism are and TSH. related to disease within the pituitary gland. In addition, hypothyroidism can be induced by What is T3, T4, TSH, TgAA? These are tests that evaluate the thyroid gland prolonged administration of glucocorticoids function by measuring the thyroid hormone (steroids).
These hormones are essential for life and have many effects on body metabolism, growth and development. The Thyroid gland is influenced by concentration in the blood. hormones produced by two other organs: • The Pituitary gland, located at the base of the skull produces thyroid stimulating hormone, (TSH). • The Hypothalamus, a small part of the brain above the pituitary, produces Thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH). In the healthy dog, thyroid hormone is secreted into the blood stream in steady amounts and it regulates the dog‘s metabolism. A deficiency of thyroid hormone, ( called Hypothyroidism) can lead to a slow metabolism while an over abundance of thyroid hormone (called Hyperthyroidism) can lead to an overactive metabolism. Hyperthyroidism is not common, usually occurs in dogs with tumors of the thyroid gland. The T4
• Toxin and Chemical preservatives. • T3 and T4 levels are used as an indicator of • Nutritional imbalance or deficiencies. • Congenital Anomalies. thyroid functions. • cTSH (canine Thyroid Stimulating Hormo- • Hereditary. ne) Test, is the current „gold standard“ test • Bacterial Infection caused by Strep, Staph or Pneumococcus. for measuring thyroid gland function. In this test, T4 concentration in the blood are mea- • Cumulative stress. sured BEFORE and 6 hours AFTER the adHypothyroidism is blamed for a wide range of ministration of TSH. • TgAA (Thyroglobulin Autoantibodies) This common and uncommon symptoms. It is not test is an indication of the presence of the au- known whether an inadequate level of circulatin thyroxin is the culprit behind all of them. Other toimmune process in the dog‘s thyroid. blood tests may be performed to evaluate other body systems since concurrent diseases such as What causes Hypothyroidism? Cushing‘s disease (characterized by an abnormal The causes of Hypothyroidism are classified as production of steroids) or Diabetes can cause Primary, Secondary or Tertiary. low levels of circulating thyroid hormone. However, controlling these disease processes usually
eliminates the need for hypothyroidism treatment. Other systemic illnesses such as kidney and liver insufficiency, heart failure, or immune system disorders can falsely lower thyroid levels and this phenomena is known as euthyroid sick syndrome.
What are the symptoms?
Dry coat, hair loss often on the tail („rat tail“), hind quarters or flank that is not a result from scratching, hair thinning over the body, excessive shedding, seborrhea, bacterial skin infection, (skin abnormalities are the most common clinical signs) excessive skin pigmentation, lethargy (dog just want to lay around), excessive sleeping, seeking warm places to curl up, weight gain despite limited food intake, muscle or nerve weakness, abnormal heat cycles,absence of heat cycle, short or prolonged heat cycles, silent heat, false pregnancy, infertility, chronic ear infection, seizures, facial puffiness „sad facial expression“, sudden changes in temperament. Clinical signs are slow to develop and are only evident when 75% of the thyroid gland is not functioning.
How is Hypothyroidism Diagnosed?
Hypothyroidism is diagnosed by a blood test to measure the level of thyroid hormone, many thyroid panels are available. The T4 and TSH and the FT4D assay are the best for diagnosing hypothyroidism, but do not identify the cause. The TgAA ( Thyroglobulin Autoantibody) assay is a test used that is highly specific for lymphocytic thyroiditis. The first two tests tell us if the dog is hypothyroid and the third reveals if the dog has inherited thyroid disease. If your pet is not treated, s/he will continue to exhibit the signs of hypothyroidism. Spontaneous remission does NOT occur; however, with the proper veterinary treatment your dog can resume a normal life with normal life expectancy.
How is Hypothyroidism Treated?
Treatment involves supplementing with a synthetic form of thyroid hormone, drug of choice is SALOXINE.
Activity usually improves after 7 to 10 days of treatment; however, improvement of skin conditions may take up to 6-8weeks. The first few months of treatment require repeated blood tests to assure the proper dosage of medication is being given. After the correct dosage is achieved, yearly blood tests are used for monitoring the condition.
ting, nervousness, increased thirst and urination, increased appetite and weight loss. If you should notice any of these symptoms, please contact your veterinarian so the dose of your pet‘s medication can be adjusted.
What is Soloxine?
Levothyroxine Sodium (L-thyroxin). Soloxine is a synthetic hormone, comes in tablet from, it acts to stimulate metabolism, growth, development. Soloxine is absorbed rapidly from the gastrointestinal tract after oral administration. Indications: Provides thyroid replacement therapy in all conditions of inadequate production of thyroid hormones. Administration: Soloxine tablets maybe administered orally or placed in the food.
When the blood results are returned and the diagnosis of hypothyroidism is confirmed, your veterinarian will prescribe a trial dose of thyroid hormone supplement. The product of choice is usually levothyroxine sodium tablets (Soloxine). This medication must be administered, according to your veterinarian‘s instructions. Activity usually improves after 7 to 10 days of treatment; however, improvement of skin conditions may take up to 6-8weeks. The first few months of It is advisable NOT to substitute Soloxine with treatment require repeated blood tests to assure the GENERIC type hormone replacement. the proper dosage of medication is being given. After the correct dosage is achieved, yearly blood tests are used for monitoring the condition. • Avoid Unnecessary drugs. • Avoid Toxins and Chemical preservatives.
Publication with kind permission of the Dalmatian Club of America.
Good nutrition is an essential component of maintaining a healthy immune system. Dr.Jean Dodds DVM,in one of her lectures, suggests fresh, home-cooked vegetables with herbs and meats such as lamb, chicken and turkey can be added as supplements.
Above Research information was Obtained from • On-Line Hypothyroid Symposium • OFA , Canine Thyroid Registry at http:// www. offa.org • Endocrinology (Small Animal Clinical Journal) • Daniels Pharmaceuticals The above information was submitted by Nilda Dorini.
Why should the Thyroid Level be checked once every six months during treatment?
It should be checked every six months because the amount of thyroid hormone produced by the body (the amount of supplement needed) will vary with time, season, other diseases, exercise, age, etc. and periodically there will be the need to change the thyroid hormone dosage to avoid either over-supplementing or under-supplementing. Overdose of thyroid hormone can result in pan-
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Published on May 31, 2012