Index Unit 1 Advertising on the air Unit 2 Identity theft Unit 3 Endurance Test Unit 4 Separate by the same Language Unit 5 Culture and Commerce Unit 6 the art of Storytelling Unit 7 Voluntary Simplicity Unit 8 Before you say I do Unit 9 Personal carbon footprint Unit 10 to spank or not to spank?
Unit 1 Advertising Vocabulary: Consumer Effective Technique
Appeal Sound effects Get out attention
Factors Emphasize Rely on
GRAMMAR Simple Present and present progressive Use simple present to state or to tell about something that happens regularly: Simples Present: .
Simple present with adverbs
Marco WORKS in an office Marco Play tennis I always read before I go to bed
Her sister often comes shopping with us Present progressive
Iâ€™m Sitting on the beach / Marco is listening to the radio
Simple present with non â€“action verbs
Marco wants a new car He remembers the trip as a bad dream
Types of ads
Modals of advice
Unit 2 Identity theft
Vocabulary Phishing Confirm Charges File a complaint Authorize Exposed Paranoid Proof of identification Deal with Victim shocking
Should I show term of Identification?
Should ,should not and ought to
You should eat healthy food Young children should t watch violent TV Marco ought not exercise too much strong advice had better had better not
You had better do your homework You had better not forget to pay your tuition
Unit 3 Endurance Test Vocabulary:
Marathon Course Format Stage Terrain Sand Unique Tent Ration Get into Experience
Reflexive pronoun: Myselfourselves Yourself yourselves Herself Himself themselves Itself
He loves himself.
They respect themselves and others too.
Reciprocal pronouns: Each other for two people. One another for more than two people. We sent each other Christmas cards.
Peter and Mary helped one another.
Phrases: hrew me for a loop
Be my own worst enemy
Set my heart on
Blow my chance
Easier said than done!
I have what it takes
Unit 4 Separate by the same Language Vocabulary: Bright Slang Stereotype Identity Fit in Aware of Comment on Intentionally Self-conscious Accept
Modals of ability and possibility Can and could followed by the base form the verb. I can do that
could you see me
Can express ability He can talk English
Can’t is the negative of can He can’t talk English
Could ability in past Marco could have been the one who stole the money. Couldn’t negative Marco couldn't have been the one who stole the money.
Can and could express possibility in future Next year, you can buy a new car. John could go to jail for stealing the money.
Unit 5 Culture and Commerce
Vocabulary: Afford Controversy Depend on Degrading Make a living Preserve Season Souvenir Stretch Tourist attraction Tradition Village Wrap
Future predictions with IF clauses Will+base and will not to make predictions about the future
It will rain again next week.
Use probably with will. Business will probably slow all week. Use if-clauses to talk about possible results in future. if rain continues, we ll a lot of problems.
Unit 6 The art of Storytelling Vocabulary: Approach Strict Date Driveway Wears on Audience Scary Dialogue Characters Chases Asked
Infinitives of purpose Use an infinitive of purpose to explain the purpose of an action. Use to + base form. Use in order to + base form.
Use in order not to + base form to explain a negative purpose.
In informal speech you can also use because + a reason to express a negative purpose.
To base + base form is more common in informal speech.
In order to + base form is more common in formal speech and writing.
A little story Once upon a time a Wolf was lapping at a spring on a hillside, when, looking up, what should he see but a Lamb just beginning to drink a little lower down. "There's my supper," thought he, "if only I can find some excuse to seize it." Then he called out to the Lamb, "How dare you muddle the water from which I am drinking?" "Nay, master, nay," said Lambikin; "if the water be muddy up there, I cannot be the cause of it, for it runs down from you to me." "Well, then," said the Wolf, "why did you call me bad names this time last year?" "That cannot be," said the Lamb; "I am only six months old." "I don't care," snarled the Wolf; "if it was not you it was your father;" and with that he rushed upon the poor little Lamb and ate her all up. But before she died she gasped out: "Any excuse will serve a tyrant."
Unit 7 Voluntary Simplicity
Consumption habits Convince Delight Fossil fuels Gain Homesteading Local economy Natural world Produce Second hand Self-sufficient
Nouns and Quantifiers Common Nouns: People, Places or things People: child, boss Places: City, Farm Things: House, money Abstract nouns: freedom, love, stress, time Use quantifiers, some, enough, a lot, and with both count nouns and non â€“ count nouns, Use any in questions and negative sentences. Use a few, several and many with plural count nouns in affirmative sentences. Use a little, a great deal of, and much with non-counts nouns in affirmative sentences. Use many with count nouns and much with non â€“ count nouns in questions and negative sentences.
Unit 8 Before you say “I DO”
Vocabulary: Be in a relationship
Break up with someone
Tie the knot
Couple Expectations Get divorce Go out Live together
Comparatives and Equatives Use Equatives to express the idea of “equal”. Use as + adjective + as. I have been married as long as my sister. Use comparative adjectives to express the idea of “more”.
Use adjective + er + than with one – syllable adjectives. My brother has been married longer than I have.
If an ends in –y, change the – y to – I and add –er + than. My second marriage is happier than my first.
Use more + adjective + than with adjectives that have two or more syllables. As a gift, flowers are more romantic than books. Irregular comparative forms. Adjective
Unit 9 Personal Carbon Footprint
Vocabulary: Greenhouse effect Earth Atmosphere Challenging Individuals Invisible Pollution Significant Tons Contribute Emissions Impact Offset
Modals of necessity Use have to and must to tell when something is necessary. Have to is usually used in conversation and informal writing. Must is used most often in writing. Must is stronger than have to
Use have to for all tenses. We have to make changes today. We had to start making changes years ago. We ll have to make more changes in the future. Use must only for present and future tenses. We must make changes today. We must make more changes in the future.
Use have to for questions. What do individuals have to do? Do they have to stop driving?
Unit 10 Personal Carbon Footprint Vocabulary: Get carried Set limits Permissive Advocate Problem solving Arrested Abuse Short term Discipline Consequences Misbehavior Right
Present perfect tense Use the present perfect â€Ś to talk about things that happened at an indefinite time in the past.
To talk about things that started in the past, continue in the present, and may continue into the future.
Use has / have just to talk about events that happened not too long ago in the past.
To form the present perfect, use have / has (not) + the past participle. To form yes/ no questions, begin with Have / Has
To form wh- questions, with a wh- word.