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Gambler Celebrating 20 Years Serving Colorado’s Gaming Community y coloradogambler cogamblerr

Vol u







January 17 - 30, 2012

See Valuapbalgee 11 Coupons on

er Cov e Se


Gold Nuggets for Black Hawk & Central City casinos Pages 6 & 8

e pag y r o St



Reserve Casino Hotel new remodel officially unveiled Pages 12-13


Easy reading for a cold wintery afternoon Page 14


Mining: The industry that made Colorado Page 21


Publisher’s Column By Robert Sweeney


New Reserve Casino Hotel hosts media Miners sipping whisky over bearded chins

Enjoyed media day at the new Reserve Casino Hotel recently where Chief Operating Officer Dean DiLullo hosted lunch in the new Ardore Tuscan Steakhouse & Wine Experience restaurant. Celani Vineyards in Napa Valley is supplying many great wines for the restaurant. My rib eye steak was tender and succulent, almost as good as the blackjack I hit on my first hand of cards at the casino after lunch. I managed to scrape out $110 in blackjack profit after being up and down. Blackjack is such a strange game and the cards can run one way for a while for the dealer and than reverse for the player. The challenge is to know when to wager more and when to retreat. In the end, if you continue to wager the same amount the odds always favor the casino. It’s a standard joke among gamblers that if the players won all the time we would own the casinos. More and more, and poker has proven this point that gambling can be more than a hobby or an addiction, it can actually become a sport with very highly skilled players. Many of the


poker players are highly skilled in math and hold major college degrees. Gambling is such a game of percentages and knowing what the odds are on every bet and hand of cards in poker or blackjack. The odds really come into play for the folks who gamble a lot; most of us who play occasionally for recreation depend more on lady luck than on knowing all of the odds. We’re the players that drive the professionals crazy when we beat them making bets that defy the odds. Reserve Casino Hotel, formerly Fortune Valley, is a tremendous investment in the former casino but as I see it an investment in Central City. This grand dame lady of a town deserves more attention, customers and respect. Central City is a grand place, steeped with history going back to early mining days before the Civil War. The Opera House opened in 1865, which was the year the Confederacy South surrendered to the Army of the North. The Ardore restaurant, along with 118 rooms and four themed suites - many of which have been remodeled, including the Aspen Suite that will be completed this week - and $10 million worth of interior decorating, make Reserve Casino Hotel worth a major visit. Why spend

hundreds of dollars and time to fly to Las Vegas when a great experience waits at the Reserve and the neighboring casinos here in Colorado? Make a weekend of touring Central City, go look at the inscription on the Masonic stone on the corner of the Opera House and go gaze at the old livery stable across the street. The historic courthouse stands guard over the town right up the street. This is a world-class atmosphere and ambience. Reserve Casino Hotel is part of quite a renaissance in the City of Central, along with the expansion of Johnny Z’s, friendly folks at Famous Bonanza/Easy Street casinos and the convenient parking at the Century Casino. Walk downtown and visit Dostal Alley and stroll along the completed streetscape Main Street project. This is time to think about the miner’s playing cards with gold dust and hoisting some raw whisky to their bearded chins. Gambling has been good for the three mountain towns of Cripple Creek, Central City and Black Hawk. The buildings have been restored, locals and tourists are having fun, the state is collecting more than $100 million a year in taxes and the losers are trying to become winners. Deal the cards, let’s play!

THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years



January 17 - 30, 2012

Fill your pockets with $1,000 cash every Saturday in January. Five lucky winners will be randomly selected to take home $1,000 cash at 6PM and 10PM. Key Rewards™ members receive one FREE entry, plus additional entries for every 50 base points earned for the week.

Speed away with a new Harley or $8,000 Cash! Saturday, February 4 We’ll draw three qualifiers every Friday and Saturday at 8:30PM and 10:30PM, as well as at our last chance drawing on February 4 at 6PM. All Key Rewards™ members get one FREE entry per week. Earn additional entries by playing in the Sun Harley Party Pit!

Grand Prize Giveaway • Saturday, February 4, 2012 at 8:30PM.

WIN UP TO $300! Every Wednesday in January at 2PM Register noon - 1:50PM Play in the $1,000 Wealthy Wednesdays slot tournament for a chance to win up to $300 each week! Earn 50 base points before registration. 1 Place:


2nd Place:




3 Place:


4th-10th Place:


Mondays at 1PM Register 11AM - 12:50PM


Win cash in the Monday Mania Slot Tournament. First place wins $200 cash!


The next five places each win $100 cash.



Earn 50 base points before registration.


Must be 21 and a Key Rewards™ member. Management reserves the right to change or cancel promotions at any time. Gambling Problem? Call 1-800-522-4700. © 2012 The Majestic Star Casino, LLC.

Cover Story

Canyon Casino shines bright during the holidays.

Canyon Casino lives up to its name ‘Black Hawk’s Best Bet’ Promotions heat up cold January nights By Suzanne Paulman

Canyon Casino, located in the heart of Black Hawk’s gaming district, is living up to its slogan of “Black Hawk’s Best Bet” in offering an outstanding variety of promotions and specials during the month of January. Every Tuesday and Thursday, Connoisseur’s Club card members can earn 2X points while playing and a 50 percent discount at the Canyon Grille. On Fridays, Canyon offers its Canyon Club card members point appreciation by awarding 3X points while playing slots on a card. Other levels of membership receive point appreciation too. VIP members are awarded 4X points and Platinum members receive 5X points. The easiest part of playing is that the points will automatically multiply during play. Canyon recently renovated its table games pit to now feature Colorado home sports themes of basketball, football and hockey. Lively neon signs and authentic autographed sports jerseys decorate the walls. Each of the three blackjack tables reflects one of the sports teams jersey colors – Broncos football colors of bright orange and blue energize play on one of the tables. On Friday and Saturday nights, the PAGE 4

table games pit takes good care of its guests by serving free appetizers throughout the blackjack, craps and roulette playing. Jalapeño poppers and cheese sticks with marinara sauce are a sumptuous sample of what kinds of appetizers are served. For all blackjack fans, Canyon will be holding a super special event on the last Friday of the month, Jan.27. It’s a $1,500 Blackjack Tournament with no entry fee required. The table games pit invites all its regular players to the tournament. If you are not a regular player, qualify for the event by playing any of the table games for three hours. The last seven tournament players are guaranteed a cash payout. Stop by the pit and ask one of the dealers in their colorful referee-styled uniforms to sign up for this fabulous event. Each Saturday in January, Canyon will offer chances to win big money in its fantastic Cash Blizzard progressive promotion. On Saturday nights from 6-10 p.m., lucky guests playing with their member’s card will be selected every 15 minutes for a total of 17 random winners. Each winner will have a chance to spin the Winner’s Wheel, winning the prize amount of cash from $50 to $1,000

that the wheel lands on. If no one wins the $1,000, the cash will be added to the next Saturday night spin. Jan. 28 is the special date when the giveaway will take place from 10:30 p.m. – midnight. All of the cash will be given away to four lucky winners, who could win up to $1,000 each. Canyon continues to offer the best bet in town by extending point appreciation to Sundays, as well. All Canyon Club members using their cards on both slots and video poker will receive 3X points all day. Canyon Casino’s restaurant on the third floor, the cozy Canyon Grille, continues to offer outstanding service and freshly prepared food. A delicious prime rib dinner is available for $5.99 with a member’s club card every day. For an extra touch of culinary pleasure, specials can be added to the prime rib dinner of a lobster tail for $12, snow crab legs for $12, and grilled shrimp for $7. In addition to their regular

menu, Canyon Grille features two delectable specials this month for only $6.99 with a club member’s card. One special is a grilled Southwest pepper steak topped with sautéed mushrooms and other veggies, served with homemade potatoes au gratin. The other special is bacon wrapped chicken breast stuffed with real crabmeat, mushrooms, onions and spinach. The Canyon Grille opens daily at 8:30 a.m. and serves breakfast until 11 a.m. A full menu is offered Sunday through Thursday, 11 a.m. – 9 p.m., and on Friday and Saturday, 11 a.m. – midnight. The Canyon’s Sure Bet Snack Shop on the first floor in the Grand Plateau gaming section

offers personal pizzas, nachos and other light food selections. Canyon Casino is located at 131 Main St. in Black Hawk and is open Monday – Thursday, 8 a.m. – 2:30 a.m.; Friday – Saturday, 24 hours; and on Sunday, 8 a.m. – 2:30 a.m. Canyon offers plenty of free valet parking and a number of free self-parking lot spaces for its guests. Come early in the day to Canyon this month as its wonderful promos and specials guarantee that its parking spaces will fill up fast. Contact the casino for more information at 303-777-1111, www.canyon, canyoncasino or CanyonBlackHawk.

Gabe, table games manager, stands by one John Elway’s autographed football jerseys that hangs on the walls of Canyon Casino.

Alex, Canyon Grille restaurant host, offers superb dining service.

THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years

January 17 - 30, 2012 Cash Blizzard Every Saturday night in January, 6 – 10 p.m., 17 lucky winners will have a shot of winning up to $1,000 on the Wheel of Cash! If the $1,000 is not hit each Saturday night, the Cash Blizzard keeps growing. On Saturday, Jan. 28, 10:30 p.m. – midnight, we’ll give all the cash to four lucky winners who could win up to $1,000 each. Point Appreciation Fridays When playing on a Canyon Club card every Friday in January, all Canyon Club members will receive 3X points, VIP members receive 4X points and Platinum members receive 5X points on all slots! Points will automatically multiply as you play. Triple Point Sundays Play on your Canyon Club card every Sunday and earn 3X points on all slots and video poker all day! Canyon Grille Chef Specials Try one of two all new freshly prepared monthly specials. For only $6.99, try the tender bacon wrapped chicken breast stuffed with real crab meat, spinach, mushrooms and onions or the perfectly grilled southwest pepper steak topped with sautéed mushrooms. The Canyon Grille is open daily at 8:30 a.m.

urdays, Jan. 21 and 28 where everyone is a winner, 6 – 10 p.m., with 4X points on slots when you activate your entries for the Livin’ Large Giveaway. At 6 p.m. and 10 p.m., we will randomly select five winners each hour to pocket $1,000 cash. The deadline to register is 9:30 p.m. for the 10 p.m. drawing and 4X points is not valid on video poker or keno. Earn entries for every 50 base points earned on your Key Rewards Card for the week. Platinum Members receive 2X bonus entries for every 50 base points earned on Wednesdays and Access Members receive 3X bonus entries for every 50 base points earned on Thursdays.

Wealthy Wednesdays Slot Tournament Join in on the fun and play the $1,000 Wealthy Wednesdays Slot Tournament every Wednesday in January. Just earn 50 base points before registration and join in on the fun. Register between noon – 1:50 p.m. and the tournament begins at 2 p.m. Top score wins $300, 2nd place wins $200, 3rd place wins $150 and 4th-10th place will win Win a Harley Davidson $50. Just earn 50 base points Motorcycle or $8,000 before registration and join in Cash Play in our Sun Harley Party on the fun. Pit for your shot at a wild new ride or cash. Qualify to win a Point Multiplier Day Multiply your cash back Harley or cash every Friday and Saturday at 8:30 p.m. and every Friday in January. Gold 10:30 p.m. Qualifiers will re- Members will receive 2X turn on Feb. 4 and one lucky points, Platinum Members finalist will have the choice of will receive 3X points, and Aca new Harley or $8,000 cash. cess Members will receive 4X There will be a last chance points for the gaming day. Not qualifying drawing on Feb. 4, valid on video poker or keno. at 6 p.m., and we’ll award the Grand Prize at 8:30 p.m. Winter Gear Giveaway New to Fitzgeralds? Become a Key Rewards member and get more than $40 in valuable coupons and a chance to win $1,000 Friday, Jan. 27, at 8 p.m. Introduce a friend to our Key Rewards membership and get rewarded with 4X cash back on the day of enrollment and a chance to win $500 in our New Member Giveaway.

Monday Mania Slot Tournament Reel in the cash with Monday Mania Slot Tournament every Monday. It’s easy and only 50 base points to sign up. Register between 11 a.m. – 12:50 p.m. and the tour40K Livin’ Large Fitzgeralds wants to help nament begins at 1 p.m. Top you Live Large in the New Year. score wins $200 and the next Plan to play at Fitzgeralds Sat- five places all win $100. PAGE 6

Spin to Win Spin on Sundays in January from noon – 8 p.m. and you can multiply your cash back up to 10X, be sure to stop by the host stand to spin the wheel before you play.

Stay warm with some cold hard cash. On Thursday, Jan. 26, from 11 a.m. – 7 p.m., or while supplies last, Fitzgeralds is giving away a cozy scarf, hat, mittens and ice scraper set; plus, you could win up to $100 cash. Earn 100 base points then come over to the promotional area to claim your gift and play the Winter Gear Giveaway Game. Not all winter gear contains cash. Fitz 50 Fitz 50 is now even better, with 4X points on slots and 3X on video poker and keno. Every Monday and Tuesday, guests older than 50 will receive the point multiplier and a discounted menu at the Shamrock Cafe.

on all slots, a free soft serve ice cream and a free Calypso’s Buffet after earning five unadjusted points. For complete details, please visit the IsleOne club. Point multiplier is not valid on video poker games.

Play and Stay Play 30 unadjusted points on your IsleOne club card on Sundays through Thursdays between 8 a.m. and 10 p.m. and stay the night on us. Check with Guest Services or the IsleOne club once you have earned your points to receive your hotel offer. This offer is valid only on the day the points are earned.

Fantastic 40 Plus All guests age 40 or better can participate in the tic 40 Plus club on Thursdays. Guests will receive 4X points on their favorite slots, a free buffet after earning five unadjusted Enjoy dining in casual $2,012 Power Hour points or earn 50 unadjusted elegance at Farraddays’ drawings Be at the Isle each Friday in points and receive $40 to FarFarraddays’ has a new January for the $2,012 Power raddays’. Point multiplier is not menu that you simply must try. Hour Drawings. Each hour from valid on video poker games. Many favorites from the old noon – 6 p.m. hourly drawings menu return and Chef David will take place for $2,012. Re- Visit the newest poker Oliveri has added new original ceive one free entry daily and room in Black Hawk and delicious selections, as Pull up a seat to experience earn additional entries for every 15 unadjusted bonus points the comfort and all-in excite- well. Farraddays’ offers excepment at Black Hawk’s newest tional quality for a great value. earned each giveaway day. poker room. The first 10 play- Farraddays’ is open at 5 p.m. ers to buy-in to a live game be- nightly. Reservations are recSki in and cash out tween 10 a.m. and 11 a.m., will ommended and can be made with $1,000 Ski in and cash out on Tues- receive a $10 voucher after two by calling 303-998-7777. days and Wednesdays in Janu- hours of play. The $10 voucher ary, 8 a.m. – midnight. Guests can be redeemed the next day. New menu at Tradewinds will receive one free swipe each Qualify with just 15 hours of live Tradewinds at the Isle has promotion day to win cash play, Monday through Saturday, a new menu that features prizes up to $1,000. There is and play in the weekly $2,000 what we believe to be the best a guaranteed cash prize with Sunday Freeroll Tournament. hamburgers in Black Hawk. Poker tournament action is takeach swipe. ing place on Tuesdays, Thurs- Whether you try the classics, days, Fridays and Saturdays in a green chile and chipotle, the $10,000 Jackpot January. Visit the poker room to black and blue or mushroom Sweepstakes Qualify Jan. 9 – March 24 check out all of the excitement. and Swiss burger you will not to win up to $10,000 in the Follow our poker room man- be disappointed. Tradewinds Jackpot Sweepstakes on Sat- ager Matthew Dodd on Twitter even offers a mouthwatering urday, March 24. Guests of the @BlackHawkPoker. cheeseburger burrito. So the Isle will receive one free drawnext time you are hungry for a ing entry with each hand-paid Play your favorite table great burger, visit Tradewinds taxable jackpot of $1,200 or games at the Isle The Isle has all your favorite at the Isle Casino Hotel Black more. table games including black- Hawk jack, 3-card poker, let it ride, Bus fare refund Do you ride the bus to Black bonus 6, Texas Hold’em bo- Hotel is pet friendly The Isle Hotel has Pet Hawk? The Isle will refund your nus, roulette and craps with 10 bus fare up to $20. Simply earn times odds. The Isle will always Friendly rooms available for 35 unadjusted points on your have at least one blackjack a small fee. Furry friends less IsleOne card and present your game with a $5 minimum bet. than 50 pounds can enjoy a return bus ticket to the guest stay at the Isle with you. Pet service center or the IsleOne New members receive friendly rooms will offer your club. Table games players will free buffet pet use of a doggie bed, food receive their bus fare back with All new members of the Islefour hours of consecutive play. One club will receive a free Ca- and water bowls and a fenced lypso’s Buffet after playing just doggie area. Disposable litter Paradise 50 Plus 30 minutes on their new IsleOne boxes will be available for feAll guests age 50 or better card. Once you have played the line guests. For reservations in can join the NEW Paradise 50 30 minutes, just present your a pet friendly room, call 303Plus club Sundays and Mon- new card to the hostess in Ca- 998-7777. Rooms are subject days. You will receive 3X points lypso’s to receive your free buffet. to availability.

THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years

January 17 - 30, 2012

cra the Don’t b le bigg mi gs s est ss eve and n ni ght best sa wee k!

Hourly drawings for $2,012! Fridays in January From noon To 6:00pm Receive one free entry daily. Earn additional entries for every 15 unadjusted points on promotion days.

New IsleONe club members, wheN yOu play 30 mINutes yOu wIll receIve a free buffet. ®

1-800-THE-ISLE (843-4753) • © 2012 Isle of Capri Casinos, Inc. Must be 21 or older. Promotions subject to change or cancellation without notice. Please visit player’s club or cashier services for details. Gambling problem? Call 1-800-522-4700.

Central City Nuggets on all games and receive one free entry per account per day. Must be present to win. See table games area for complete details. $100,000 Cash Reserve Drawings every Friday and Saturday at 8 p.m. There will be 42 winners every weekend. More than $5,000 in cash awarded every weekend. There will be a $25,000 cash winner on Sunday, April 1. Slot Tournaments Join in the fun at the Reserve Casino Hotel on Tuesdays and Thursdays in January in the Celebrity Zone for slot tournaments, 10 a.m. – 3 p.m., daily. Win cash at 5 p.m. See Player’s Club for complete details and rules. Free Bingo Play bingo for free in the Lava Room every Monday and Wednesday at 2 p.m. Table games promotions Drawings every Friday and Saturday night at 10 p.m. for a HDTV. Two TV’s are given away every weekend. Earn entries

Poker room Enjoy poker parties every Friday in the Reserve’s Poker Room. There are daily low limit tournaments, Monday – Thursday at 11 a.m. Aces always win, Monday – Friday, midnight – 6 p.m. 2X Mondays Earn 2X points all day on all machines, including video poker. $1 = 1 Point 40 & Getting Better For those guests 40 and older, earn 2X points all day on all machines every Wednesday. $1 = 1 Point. Earn 200 base points and receive half off one menu item at Millie’s Restaurant.

Join us on your birthday Come celebrate your birthday and receive 500 free points. Players older than 55 will receive 800 free points. New Players Points earned on your first visit will lead to great benefits on your next visit: • 125 points earned = $5 cash back • 250 points earned = $10 cash back • 500 points earned = $15 cash back • 1,000 points earned = $20 cash back The Parlour Located on the second floor of the Famous Bonanza Casino, we offer 2 deck pitch blackjack, roulette and 3-card poker. $5 minimum to $50 maximum on 2 deck pitch blackjack and $3 minimum and all shoe games. The Parlour also offers pool and darts. 2X Mondays Earn 2X points all day on all machines, including video poker. $1 = 1 Point 40 & Getting Better For those guests 40 and older, earn

2X points all day on all machines every Wednesday. $1 = 1 Point. Earn 200 base points and receive half off one menu item at Millie’s Restaurant. Join us on your Birthday Come celebrate your birthday and receive 500 free points. Players older than 55 will receive 800 free points. New Players Points earned on your first visit will lead to great benefits on your next visit: • 125 points earned = $5 cash back • 250 points earned = $10 cash back • 500 points earned = $15 cash back • 1,000 points earned = $20 cash back Fun for Kids Bring your children to the lower level of the casino to enjoy a wide variety of arcade games for our younger than 21 guests. www.crystal palacecasino 4X, 3X and 2X points Earn 4X points, Monday – Thursday, in January, 10 a.m. – noon and 8 – 9:45 p.m. Must have a players card to earn

the points. Earn 3X points Monday – Thursday, all day. Earn 2X points, Friday – Sunday, all day. 2012 point giveaway Monday through Thursday in January, one guest between 1 – 2 p.m., one guest between 4 – 5 p.m., and one guest between 7 – 8 p.m. will be randomly be selected to receive 2,012 points to be added to their players card account. Must have and play with your card to qualify. Progressive cash drawings Progressive cash drawings on Friday, 6 – 11:45 p.m.; Saturday, 11 a.m. – 4 p.m. and 6 – 11:45 p.m.; and Sunday, 11 a.m. – 7 p.m. Drawings will take place every half-hour and you will need a players card to get an entry. New food items Get a half sandwich and soup for $1.99, Tuesday – Thursday. Entertainment Enjoy live music every Friday and Saturday, 6 – 10 p.m., by our “one-man band” Greg Richards.

CoMe Play What’s Rockin’ Your guide to live entertainment and events at Colorado’s casinos

Central City’s

GlitzieSt CaSino new FooD iteMS

SPeCial $1.99 Half Sandwich & Soup tues-thurs

Reserve Casino Hotel 321 Gregory St., Central City • 303.582.0800

Jan. 19: Comedy Works presents Kevin Fitzgerald (doors open at 7 p.m.)

Jan. 20: Hazel Miller Jan. 27: Live music Jan. 28: UFC fight

The Lava Room entertainment – all concerts are free, from 8 – 11 p.m., doors open at 7:30 p.m. (unless otherwise noted).

Isle Casino Hotel Black Hawk

2x PointS

Fri - Sun all Day

401 Main St., Black Hawk • 800-The-Isle

3x PointS

Jan. 20 – 21: Boogie Machine (1970s) Jan. 27 – 28: Phat Daddy (R&B and Dance) Feb. 3 – 4: Pocketful of Soul (Soul and Funk)

Mon - thurs all Day

Enjoy live entertainment on the Caribbean Cove bar stage each Friday and Saturday from 9 p.m. – 1 a.m. and Sunday from 5 – 9 p.m.

118 Main St. • Central City 720-253-1669 PAGE 8

Kevin Fitzgerald

Boogie Machine

THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years

January 17 - 30, 2012

Gilpin County

Apex storefront, 5674 Apex Valley Road, built in mid 1890s, designated Dec. 19, 2006. Apex is now a ghost town.

Gest House in Nevadaville, built circa 1865, designated Oct. 12, 2011

Reseigh House in Nevadaville, built 1880, designated Dec. 6, 2011 Photos courtesy of Linda Jones

Gilpin County has a new National Historic Register listing Thorn Lake School, built in 1896, and listed in April 3, 2007, now sits in Rollinsville.

Russell Gulch IOOF Lodge, built in 1895 and added to County’s Landmark listing on Aug. 4, 2009, is Gilpin County’s new listing on the National Register of Historic Sites.

By Linda Jones


ilpin County is proud to have a new listing on the National Register of Historic Sites. This distinctive honor was recently given to the Russell Gulch IOOF (Independent Order of Oddfellows) Lodge building, constructed in 1895. The building features two retail store spaces on the ground level – the

rent helped the lodge maintain the building – with the lodge meeting room on the second level. Owners Linda and Ed DiCicco have maintained the railings and dais, which set off the stations of the officers while creating comfortable living quarters on that level. The couple uses the lodge building as their vacation and weekend getaway from their primary residence in Lakewood. The national listing automatically lists the property on the Colorado Register of Historic Sites. The Gilpin County Commissioners created the Gilpin County Historical Preservation Advisory Commission in 2005. This Commission has now designated eight County Landmarks, all outside of the National Historic District designated in 1961 that includes Central City and part of Black Hawk. Prior to this Russell Gulch listing, there was only one other National listing in Gilpin County (outside of the CC/BH listing), and that is Winks Lodge, designated in 1980.

Masonic Temple in Nevadaville, built 1888, designated on Aug. 3, 2010

January 17 - 30, 2012

THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years

Dieter/Jurchek cabin in the north part of the county, accessible only from railroad tracks, built 1911-12, designated June 28, 2011

The eight County Landmarks designated by HPAC are in all corners of the county. Designation as a Gilpin County Landmark confers no protection, unfortunately, just pride. In every listing, the property owners approached the commission requesting the county designation. The county then hires a professional preservation researcher to gather all known data on the property and bring it to the commission; after the commission accepts the structure as a County Landmark, the Board of County Commissioners must vote to accept it. In each picture lists the date the structure was built and the official listing of the structure. date after the name is the year the structure was built, the second date, the official listing of the structure.

Only remaining cabin in ghost town of Gilpin, built in 1902, designated on Oct. 5, 2010


Western fun

Miss Rodeo North Dakota Sadie Wardner displays the flag during opening ceremonies at the PBR Bull Riding Touring Pro Finale, Jan. 9.

Sheep waiting to be sheared are a popular attraction at the Stock Show.

Stock Show opens with record turnout Favorite winter event lasts through Jan. 22

The PBR Touring Pro Finale features the world’s best bull riders clinging to the top of a bucking, 1,800-pound beast and is a large draw annually at the National Western Stock Show.

Photos by Jeffrey V. Smith


ational Western opened its 106th year with Super Saturday and

super attendance. A total of 44,282 attended National Western’s opening day, Jan. 7, which was an increase of

4.7 percent from last year’s opening day attendance of 42,285. “We were expecting close to a record turnout on Saturday,” said Paul Andrews, president & CEO. “And we got one. Yesterday’s attendance was the 2nd highest opening day in our history.” The largest opening day

was in 2008 with 44,616 guests. Super Saturday featured the richest one-day rodeo in Colorado history with 80 cowboys and cowgirls completing for $100,000 in prizes. The 2012 National Western will continue through Jan. 22 and there’s lots more coming up. Other events taking

place during the 16 day event are the, ProRodeos, PBR Bull RidingTouring Pro Finale, Martin Luther King, Jr. African American Heritage Rodeo, Super Dogs, Wild West Shows, Grand Prix, and an Evening of Dancing Horses, activities for kids, the largest trade show in Colorado and much more.

Giddy up ‘n’ go!

Find your Western spirit (and fun for the whole family) at the National Western Stock Show. For info and tickets, visit or call 1-888-551-5004.

Hereford cattle waiting to be groomed before an event.


The free Petting Farm features 60 animals to provide a variety of experiences for children and parents to interact with animals.

THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years

A horse and its trainer prepare for a “halter class” in which horses are shown “in hand” and are not ridden. A judge’s decision is based on “conformation” and the relationship of form and function for each animal.

January 17 - 30, 2012

Ed Oleski won a 2012 Dodge Durango at the Reserve Casino Hotel.

Ernestina won $1,512 playing Pompeii at Canyon Casino.

l a re s l a de

Donna won $56,333 playing a penny Double Diamond machine at Isle Casino Hotel Black Hawk.

New Player Sign Up Earn 100 Same Day Points On Your Players Card and Receive Complimentary Food At The Chefs Kitchen Expires 01/31/2012 Coupon can be redeemed at the Players Club. Valid until date above. Limit one per account per day. Must be 21 years of age and be a Reserve Club Member. Management reserves all rights and may rescind this offer at any time.


FREE ENTRÉE in the Shamrock Café

Valid any day with at least 10 points earned in one gaming day

Must verify points at Key Rewards™. Second entrée must be of equal or lesser value. Must be a Key Rewards™ member. Key Rewards™ Membership is free. Ten base points must be earned in one gaming day. Must present Key Rewards™ Card upon ordering. Dine-in only. Management reserves the right to cancel this promotion at any time. Gambling problem? Call 1-800-522-4700. ©2012 The Majestic Star Casino, LLC. Expires 1/31/2012.

January 17 - 30, 2012

THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years


Casino News

Casino News

Vegas-style action, gaming

Reserve Casino Hotel new remodel officially unveiled


By Jeffrey V. Smith

The newly remodeled hotel rooms feature the same contemporary, boutique-style design found in the gaming areas.

The largest guitar-shaped bar in the country is at the new Reserve Casino Hotel.

Photos by Jeffrey V. Smith

hief Operating Officer Dean DiLullo and much of his executive team officially welcomed representatives of the Colorado media to the freshest casino in the state, Reserve Casino Hotel, Jan. 5. The casino is the result of a newly rebranded and remodeled Fortune Valley Casino and Hotel. From the comforts of the casino’s new Ardore Tuscan Steakhouse, DiLullo detailed some of the newly remodeled features – worth more than $20 million – including a brand new gaming area with slots, table games and live poker; a modern boutique hotel with 118 signature-themed rooms and suites; a Tuscan-style fine dining restaurant with a 500 bottle wine display; the world’s largest casino guitar bar, modeled after Sammy Hagar’s instrument and featuring the “best bartenders on the hill;” and the Lava Room, a 300-person “full service” entertainment showroom that is scheduled to feature the Stray Cats, March 31, along with many other nationally touring and local bands this year. The COO explained that the casino’s executive staff philosophy is that

The casino is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week and provides gaming and entertainment, signature boutique hotel rooms and fine dining to guests 21 and older. Accommodations may be booked by calling guest services at 800-924-6646 or by visiting the new website at www. even though they have the land to do it, it would be senseless to try and be the biggest casino in the state or provide the most and largest amenities, so they focus on what they can do: “Provide the best in guest services.” “We just want to be good at what we do have, we want to be 100 percent on everything we do,” DiLullo said. “That is achievable. We can be a little bit better than the rest and offer intimate, boutique care.” He also told everyone the new name was chosen because the word “reserve” means “something special, just like a reserve bottle of wine or a

reserve concert ticket.” The hope is that the casino, and its new intimate, boutique feel, will be perceived in the same way. Luna Gaming Central City purchased the casino property in a $10 million deal more than a year ago. The new owners, who also own a vineyard in Napa Valley and the Red Dolly Casino in Black Hawk, took over the casino in January 2011. Luna began renovating almost immediately in anticipation of the name change and offering a level of service and VIP treatment not previously found in the mountain gaming towns. Pointing out the previous casino catered to a core group of guests, DiLullo explained the Reserve Casino Hotel is focusing on “elevating the gaming and entertainment experience” and offering something to appeal to an enormous amount of people in Denver not being served by current casino offerings. “We want to focus on growing the market,” he said. “There is far more market that needs to see the property changes. We’re excited to take the gaming and entertainment experience to the next level. The Reserve Casino Hotel is the ultimate Colorado casino experience with Vegas-style gaming.”

Chief Operating Officer Dean DiLullo and Advertising/ Entertainment Manager Kelli Miller at the Reserve Casino Hotel

Even the slot signs got a new look.

Luna Gaming’s principal owner, Tom Celani, also owns the Napa Valley-based Celani Family Vineyards.

Luna Gaming Food and Beverage Director for Reserve Ed Hernandez, Reserve Executive Chef Justin Ente, who was a protégé of internationallyknown celebrity chef Bobby Flay, and Reserve Food and Beverage Manager Mick McManus stand outside the casino’s new gourmet Ardore Tuscan Steakhouse and wine experience.

PAGES 12-13

Media members join Advertising/Entertainment Manager Kelly Miller, far left, in checking out the new – and extremely comfortable – beds in the newly renovated hotel rooms.

Even the elevators feature an exciting, contemporary design and include colored gel on the floor that can be moved and shaped with pressure from the feet.


COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years

The new remodeling at Reserve Casino Hotel is immediately apparent and features a sleek, boutique-style design that includes state-of-the-art column lighting and sound systems, contemporary furniture, and music-related memorabilia.

January 17 - 30, 2012

Best Reads

By Rosemary Fetter ith the holidays over and football season coming to a close, we high country folks still have a long chilly season ahead. On the bright side, however, this leaves plenty of time for winter sports (for those so inclined), craft projects, Internet surfing and, my personal favorite, quality time with a book about Colorado. The following selections supply a smorgasbord of local history, from hotel hopping to mountaineering. Dig in.

100 Years Up High: Colorado Mountains and Mountaineering

Authors: Janet Neuhoff Robertson, James E. Fell, Jr., David Hite, Christopher J. Case and Walter R. Borneman Publisher: The Colorado Mountain Club Press This beautifully written book, which celebrates the Centennial of the Colorado Mountain Club, offers a treat for climbers and couch potatoes alike. The illustrations alone make it worth the price of purchase, fine photographs, paintings and ephemera artfully laid out on high quality paper. Although this is not a coffee table book (it’s actually an affordable 10x8 paperback) stunning works by painters from Stephen Seymor, who accompanied the Long Expedition of 1820, and Charles Partridge Adams to Vance Kirkland and James Disney receive more than their due. In addition, the book is a tribute to Colorado climbers and the PAGE 14

great works of a wonderful club. Since explorer Zebulon Pike first laid eyes on the Rockies during the expedition of 1806-07, the mountains have provided both a source of incredible beauty and a challenge for awestruck admirers. (Interestingly, Pike failed in his attempt to climb the mountain that now bears his name, Pikes Peak.) Both the Colorado Mountain Club and the Rocky Mountain National Park were created within a few years of each other, the first giving impetus to the second. The victory for Rocky Mountain National Park and the formation of the club can be credited primarily to a Denver lawyer, James Grafton Rogers, who followed up on a suggestion by naturalist Enos Mills in 1911. Rogers later became the first president of the Club. His work, along with that of Agnes Vaille, Mary Sabin and Roger Toll, was crucial to the development of the Colorado we know today. The book also provides information on the state’s snow sports, particularly the history of skiing, and how the clothing, equipment and lift technology has changed over the decades. Brief historical sketches on pioneers in skiing include daredevil Carl Howelsen and his “ski sailing,” Alex Drummond, the first to ski across Colorado and Fred Braun, who started the state’s first hut system. Images and essays colorfully illustrate the crucial role the club has played in mountain recreation, education and conservation in Colorado.

For true mountaineers and admirers of our beautiful Rockies, this book is a must.

‘Colorado’s Historic Hotels’

Author: Alexandra Walker Clark Publisher: The History Press While historical information in Clark’s book generally falls within acceptable parameters, a work of this nature really needs to be 100 percent accurate in order to be believable. Unfortunately, that is not the case with Colorado’s Historic Hotels. Supposedly, the author grew up in Colorado, but one is inclined to wonder how much time she spent here doing research. For example, under the listing for the Imperial Hotel in Cripple Creek, a treasure trove of local history with the stories galore, she says: No information available. She also maintains that The Cosmopolitan Hotel in Denver, which she calls the Hotel Cosmopolitan, was built in 1926 and demolished in 1884. Likely an uncorrected typo (the date is 1984), but the listing reads, “Opened in 1926,

originally as the Hotel Metropole.” Actually the Hotel Metropole and Broadway Theater were built in 1891 and became the southern wing of the Cosmo when it opened in 1926. Details, of course, but this is a book about details. She also fails to mention that the implosion was filmed for an Alfred Hitchcock episode and is still available for viewing via the Internet. To be fair, her stories are more interesting, if true. Who knew that the Gilpin Hotel in Black Hawk (now a casino) asked General Ulysses S. Grant for the measurement of his hindquarters so that they could fit him accurately for a chamber pot? The book is divided into geographical areas, fancifully designated as Northeast Central (Denver?), Southeast Central, etc., but does not provide a map of the counties, which might have been helpful. For better information on Colorado’s historic hotels, I would suggest looking elsewhere, possibly Tom Noel’s Buildings of Colorado or even a good guidebook.

‘Hidden History of Denver’

Author: Elizabeth Victoria Wallace Publisher: The History Press Although Wallace doesn’t cover a lot of new territory with this book when it comes to subject matter (a.k.a. the gold-seekers, the railroads, the Klan), she supplies enough material from diaries and

THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years

other primary sources to make this a good read, particularly for those who don’t know much about local history. She also makes excellent use of interviews, from Robert Shoates, the first African American postmaster in Colorado, to former city councilman and manager of Parks and Recreation, Joe Ciancio Jr. What makes this book fun to read are the interesting tidbits about rarely-addressed topics, such as the trials and tribulations of “wall dogs,” sign painters, who were the ad men of their day, and cigar-makers, important contributors to the local economy. She also devotes space to the gypsies, a fascinating topic rarely approached by Denver historians. Her organization is somewhat haphazard, however, leaving readers with the impression that the author wrote about whatever struck her fancy at the moment, from the first African American Intercollegiate team and the Salvation Army to Leland Vrain, hitman/ r o d e o promoter relocated to Denver from the North Side Gang in Chicago. Following along is worth the effort, however, a little like drifting down a lazy stream on a summer afternoon. Just go with the flow and you’ll have a good time. January 17 - 30, 2012

Garnet January’s birthstone The gemstone, garnet, is red, right? Wrong. The person born in January who dislikes red, the color usually associated with the garnet, has other color options since garnet occurs in almost By Ray Lundin every color except Gemologist blue. However, even the comparatively common red and purplish-red species is very attractive and desirable. The name garnet comes from the Latin word “granatus,” meaning “seedlike” or “having many seeds,” because garnet crystals in a rock reminded early scientists of the shape and color of pomegranate seeds. Garnet was known thousands of years before the Christian era and is mentioned in the early biblical writings where it is thought to have been called both ruby and carbuncle. The word “carbuncle” is from the Latin word “carbunculus,” meaning, “little spark.” During the time of Pliny the Elder (a Roman naturalist who wrote a 37-volume encyclopedia entitled Natural History), all glowing red gems were referred to by this name. Today, the term carbuncle is

applied only to red garnets cut in the cabochon (convex and not faceted) form. In the days of yore, garnet was considered the gem of faith, constancy and truth, but it was also believed to have curative powers. One of the more common practices was to grind it into a powder and use it as a poultice in a drink. In this form, red garnet was suppose to relieve fever, and yellow garnet was prescribed for jaundice. If the garnet powder failed to be effective, the apothecary was blamed for having used a substitute instead of the genuine stone. Asiatic warriors used garnets as bullets; they believed the color would help inflict a more deadly wound. Use of the garnet for this purpose is also mentioned in accounts of our Southwestern Indian wars. The garnet is sometimes regarded as a royal gem because the Persians (Iranians) favored it to bear their sovereign’s image. Many gems in the crowns of royalty thought to be rubies were eventually identified as garnets. As an amulet, garnet was especially favored by travelers, who said it protected and preserved honor and health, cured the wearer of all diseases and guarded them from perils during their journeys. For such believers, the person born in January was even luckier, for those persons alone could enjoy a double dosage of such “honor and health” powers. Although garnet is thought of as a single type of gemstone, actually there are a

Gemstone & Minerals

number of separate species comprising the garnet group. Although the species differ chemically, they are identical structurally. They are transparent to translucent, red, brown, green, yellow and white, and have a glassy luster. The most highly valued garnet gem is called demantoid, and emeraldgreen variety found in Russia and Italy. The most popular garnet is a ruby red species found in South Africa, Arizona and New Mexico. It has long been described and sold by such misleading names as “Arizona ruby” and “Cape ruby.” Next month: February’s birthstone, amethyst

As you can see by these specimens, garnet is more than just the perceived red.


Hey, be nice when you avoid me, will ya? No one ever talks to me anymore. They text me instead of calling me on the telephone. They email me inBy Dorothy Rosby stead of walking down the hall to my office. I can’t decide if they’re busy or lazy or if they just don’t like me anymore. Of course, now that I’ve called them lazy, they probably don’t like me anymore. At any rate, it feels like everyone is avoiding me. What’s more, it feels like I’m avoiding them. And if we’re all going to avoid each other, we ought to at least be nice about it. So today I’m going to discuss electronic etiquette. I

January 17 - 30, 2012

haven’t been texting long enough to give you many rules about it. But I do have two: 1. Don’t text and drive, especially if you’re driving on the same road I’m on.  2. And don’t text me while we’re in the same room – unless it’s a very large room and you’re saving me a seat up front.    My own preferred method of avoiding face-to-face conversation is email. I don’t mean to brag here, but that’s because I type really fast – way faster than I text. Faster than I think too, which can be dangerous. So I try to keep the following rules in mind when I email. 1. Email communication can’t convey facial expressions and voice inflection no matter how big you smile while you type. That means even innocent messages, like “What a dumb idea!” or “What were you thinking?” can

come across harshly even if you meant them in the nicest possible way. Some people add little smiley faces to ease the pain, as in, “What a dumb idea! :)” But that doesn’t always work -at least it doesn’t always work when I get that message. That’s why it’s important to choose your words carefully, for example, “I’m very sorry, but, in my opinion, that is a dumb idea!” 2. IF YOU WRITE IN ALL CAPITALS, IT LOOKS LIKE YOU’RE ANGRY. So avoid it – unless you are angry. Then add a bunch of exclamation points too. 3. Remember, even some very smart people don’t know all the shorthand that’s out there. Me, for example. If I had known long ago that IDK means “I don’t know,” I could have saved myself a lot of typing over the years. And I’m embarrassed to admit it, but it took me the longest time to fig-

ure out that LOL means laugh out loud, partly because what people LOL about isn’t always that funny. Maybe they don’t know what it means either. There was I time I thought it meant “lots of luck.” So when friends bought lottery tickets or applied for jobs, I wished them LOL. I’m sure this did wonders to boost their confidence before the job interview. 4. Use a catchy subject line that gets attention and sums up your message. But be careful you don’t sound like a spammer. That means you can never say, “Grow rich beyond your wildest dreams” or “Get a college degree without studying,” though I’m not sure why you would say that.     5. This is just my opinion, but don’t put privacy messages on your email. If you ask me, there is no better way to get the whole world to read something than putting the word “CONFIDEN-

THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years

TIAL” on it. In fact, I›m thinking of starting all my columns with it. 6. When all else fails, pick up the phone. I recently spent a morning in an email conversation that went something like this: “What day works for you?”   “How about Saturday at 9?” “No, Saturday doesn›t work.” “How about Sunday?” “What time Sunday?”   “Eleven?” “I can’t at 11. How about 1?” What I should have said was, “What is your phone number?” or rather, “WHAT IS YOUR PHONE NUMBER?” (Dorothy Rosby loves email from readers, even if it is in all capital letters. Contact or see www.dorothy


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New Year’s resolutions can apply to gaming enthusiasts


here’s something about the start of a new year that makes us want to wipe the slate clean and begin a fresh outlook on life. We set goals, resolve to break bad habits and replace them with good ones. If you’re a recreational casino gambling fan, eliminating bad habits or even reinforcing good ones can apply to you as well. Let’s take a look:

1. Resolve to stop being a passive player It’s easy to walk into a casino, sit down in front of the first open machine you see and start feeding it currency. But even though slot play is based 99.99 percent on luck, there’s still a tiny fraction of cerebral input that you can employ to try to gain an advantage. One such way is to make it a point to walk around and observe people playing the machines. If you frequent a particular casino, you’ll in all likelihood be able to pick up on trends. You may notice a particular machine that “seems to hit all the time”. It may just be coincidence or it may be the machine’s internal computer circuit is programmed at a higher “hit” frequency or a higher percentage payback. On occasion during my casino travels, I’ve observed and even played machines which seem to give me more winning action than others. Now it may be that the small windows of time during which I’m able to “scout” the machine make my observation pure coincidence. Then again, its internal circuit board just may be programmed to pay more liberally. Only the manufacturer and the casino brain trust know for sure and they’re not telling! 2. Resolve to take advantage of voucher slot technology PAGE 18

The cashless system makes it possible for slot players to collect tickets with modest wins and hopefully have them add up to a nice little score when it’s time to go home. For example, if you buy into a nickel machine for twenty dollars and in a short period of time you’ve seen your money double or even triple, the voucher system makes it easy to capitalize on your good fortune and move on to another machine. 3. Resolve to not be greedy It’s an easy thing to say but so hard to do. If you want to be a successful player, however, you must get used to it. Chasing jackpots or not being satisfied with modest gains have been the ruin of many a slot player. As this columnist has cautioned so many times before, it’s hard to win. When you do, you owe it to yourself to be content. It’s o.k. to play with a portion of your winnings, but by all means make it a point to preserve some of your good fortune and walk out the door with it. 4. Resolve to play at a leisurely pace Quite frankly, this is the strongest weapon you possess. The speed with which you play has no effect on your chances of winning. All you are doing when you play fast is giving the casino an opportunity to extract a bigger share of your bankroll. 5. Resolve to refuse to allow the games to manipulate you Many of the new multi-line video slots are extremely entertaining. Low denomination games are fun to play but they are the stingiest as far as theoretical payback is concerned. Collectively, they make a ton of money for the casinos. What’s more, the multi-line, multicoin features entice you to increase your risk from a few coins to several dollars per play. That can really eat up your bankroll in a hurry. Play to be entertained, sure, but play responsibly and always be aware of the edge that is against you. The casino’s advantage far outweighs the luck factor.

Thinking About Poker:

Back to Basics, Part II FULLHOUSE By Drew Chitiea


ust prior to the holiday trip down south to Dixie, where in Tunica I won a table share of a bad beat jackpot, I began a series of articles titled – as this one is – Back to Basics. The premise of this series is that I felt every now and then we poker players should [as the announcer for the old Lone Ranger television show would say] “…return to those thrilling days of yesteryear…” when we were just learning poker and revisit some of the basics tenets of the game. I had reviewed some of the books I purchased ‘way back then and came up with some pointers from the pros – or at least the authors of those books – for the person beginning to play poker. Don’t play right away was the first pointer. Sure, we’ve driven all that distance past field and farm – or housing area and strip mall as it may be – to sit down and mix it up in the felt arena but again, as the Lone Ranger would say, “Whoa, big fellah!” Take a little time, perhaps all that is needed is to wait a round or until the Big blind comes to you, but this gives you some time to observe the opposition and begin to ‘make the table’. Since poker is a game of incomplete information, the more information about the other players you have upon

which to base your decisions may likely give you an edge. As we all know, sometimes the difference between winning and losing is that small edge of advantage someone’s figured out about their opponent. [Side note & quiz: Who played the Lone Ranger in the 1950’s television series? See answer below] Look for negative player inferences was the second point. What is meant by that is be observant to a player who raises preflop but who doesn’t make a continuation bet post-flop. This might be a tell about that player insofar as he will not commit more chips to the pot unless he connects with the flop. Watch for tendencies you could exploit. Do they shut down when faces with a reraise or encounter any resistance to their bet? That might indicate they’re a tighter player. If this player stays in the hand post-flop and calls bets – or leads out with them – you can infer they have a powerful hand that connected well with the flop. Assess each players state of mind is the third goal when sitting down at a new game. Players on tilt might be easy to spot but how about the others? Along with their state of mind you might ascertain the reason they’re playing. Are they there for the social aspects: With friends and talking it up? Distracted by watching the game on television? Are they focused on the game and aggressive about it or does it appear they are casual players with other things on their minds. These tendencies and states of mind are things an observant, aware and thinking player can

THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years

take advantage of given the right opportunity. If you sit right down at a game and begin playing, one cannot take advantage of some of this information. Waiting a little bit after joining a table before jumping into the game may afford a telling observation as to the opposition and again, thereby gaining an edge on their chip stacks. The next factor one should take into account is: Determine your table position. The position meant is not relative to the button as this, of course, moves with each new hand. The position referred to here is in reference to the players. Where are you in reference to the tilt case, the distracted players and the drunk, the loose-aggressive or super-tight player? You may want to ask the dealer for the first seat change available or even ask the floorman for a table change. Sitting to the left of the super-aggressive or maniac player can afford the opportunity to isolate and destroy him by raises and/or reraises. Sitting to the right of passive or super-tight rocks can allow for a lot of stealing of blinds and pots again via judicious raising. So the point here is to determine where you are in relation to the players you wish to – or can – exploit. If you need to change seats to position yourself to best advantage, do so. Occasionally even a table change can afford the best advantage. All this – and more in the next few articles – because you take a little time before beginning to play and start by thinking about poker. [Answer to quiz: Clayton Moore] January 17 -30, 2012


Another way old school blackjack math goes wrong By Richard Harvey

In philosophy, you call an argument “specious” when it sounds like it makes sense but, upon examination, it makes no sense at all. In math, it’s unfortunately true that too many specious arguments are made. Numbers that seem to add up and are bandied about like they’re the God’s honest truth later turn out to represent untruths. This has been especially true in the application of math in blackjack. For decades mathematical truths that were really specious arguments and untruths have been accepted as being perfectly correct when they’re

absolutely wrong. One reason why the old school blackjack researchers and writers came up with faulty math is the way they did their research: with random number generators simulating the game. That produced all kinds of short-term anomalies that never occur in the real game. They did not understand that short-term card trends only vary so much and that there are certain combinations that are statistically improbable if not impossible to produce in the casino game. And you must be alert to these. You see cards, when shuffled in the standardized way they’re shuffled at the casino, will combine in just so many ways. Whereas a computer’s random number generator can easily produce a string of simulated cards in “dealing” simulations that include what you see in the card example here, the real game should

never exhibit such consecutivelyordered cards unless: a) the cards have not been shuffled or shuffled well; or b) the cards have been rigged. That’s not to say I haven’t seen this type of thing. In nearly 30 years of playing blackjack, I’ve seen situations similar to this twice: once at Foxwoods in Connecticut and once at the Luxor in Vegas. Round after round one suit of cards mostly in order would be dealt and then half of another in similar fashion. I at-

tributed these anomalies to a poor shuffling of the cards by a dealer who was new to the game and not well trained. However, with a poor understanding of likely short-term card trends, an old school player would not: a) be trained to be alert to such card trend anomalies; and b) would not react properly to such highly unusual card trends as exhibited in this example. And in fact that players at Foxwoods and Luxor continued to play against a similar such

toxic mix of cards, losing hand after hand, oblivious to what was going on. The proper reaction this kind of thing is to get up and leave the table. Most players will lose when the cards come out this way (especially in odd-number player combinations). In state-of-the-art blackjack, we pay attention to short-term trends and expectations and are alert to such strange and disturbing card mixes. This is just one way we avoid losing situations that old schoolers unwittingly walk right into. Richard Harvey is a nationallyacclaimed blackjack strategies innovator, expert player, blackjack coach and bestselling author. Have blackjack questions? Send them to For more info see

Do wild cards give you a better chance to win at video poker? G a m bling gurus rate slots, video poker, and other machines by return percentage. This parameter is the fraction of the gross wager the law of probability says the casinos will give back to players as a whole. It arises because bets pay less than the odds players must overcome to win them. Round-by-round, return percentage is essentially undetectable. Players lose what they risk or win a multiple of that sum. Even over many coups, nobody really notices. Say a game has 95 percent return. After a million people have each made 100 $1 bets, 100 million decisions with a gross $100 million wager, the house figures it’ll keep close to 5 percent of $100 million or $5 million and return $95 million. But each person doesn’t always lose $5 and get back $95. The $95 million is the net of folks who grab profits big and small, and those who drop varying amounts. Solid citizens are more attuned to how often they win or lose rounds

January 17 - 30, 2012

during their sessions. Frequency, per se, has relatively little monetary meaning unless it’s tied mathematically to the odds of scoring and the associated payouts. Still, casino buffs tend to gravitate toward games in which they believe they get lots of payoffs. Such a conviction may be predicated on experience, as unreliable as casino patrons’ recollections might be. It may also be intimated a priori, from features that seem to imply one game is easier or has more ways to win than the next. Video poker affords examples of the latter effect. Many variations of this game are available. One dimension of differentiation involves wild cards. The most common forms are: • Nothing wild, with 1-for-1 minimum return on pairs of jacks through aces • Joker wild, with 1-for-1 minimum return on pairs of kings or aces or any two pairs • Deuces wild, with 1-for-1 minimum return on three of a kind • Deuces and joker wild, with 1-for1 minimum return on three of a kind The specific probabilities of winning combinations for any of these alternatives depend on the strategies used by the players; that is, what to hold for the draw phase of a round. Optimal criteria are unique,

not only to each class of device but also to the payoffs for hands at various levels within a class. Average rates of all hits – including pushes as well as wins – and of losses on typical games, however, highlight the effects of wild cards, and are given in the nearby table. Probabilities of hits, pushes, wins, and losses for common video poker configurations The probabilities in the table assume players follow the optimum strategy for each class. Values are given of averages, minima, and maxima on the devices studied for: • Any hits (anything returned – including pushes as well as wins) • Pushes (returns of 1-for-1, players get their money back but don’t actually win anything) •  Wins (returns greater than 1-for1, players get back their original bets plus payoffs) • Losses (players lose their original bets and get nothing back) Within each class of game, the maximum and minimum for the various parameters of interest on the games analyzed don’t vary substantially. So, for instance, rates of hits, pushes, wins, and losses were similar on most joker wild machines despite differences in payoff schedules and corresponding optimal strategies. Variations among classes

Class of game any hits jacks or better average 45.29% minimum 44.80% maximum 45.50% joker wild 44.33% average minimum 44.13% maximum 44.74% deuces wild average 44.71% minimum 44.22% maximum 45.35% deuces and joker wild average 50.38% minimum 50.36% maximum 50.43%




21.34% 20.96% 21.51%

23.96% 23.83% 24.00%

54.71% 54.50% 55.20%

25.22% 25.03% 25.59%

19.11% 19.09% 19.14%

55.67% 55.26% 55.87%

27.35% 26.68% 28.50%

17.36% 16.84% 17.71%

55.29% 54.65% 55.78%

28.49% 28.46% 28.57%

21.89% 21.86% 21.90%

49.62% 49.57% 55.78%

are somewhat greater. As illustrations, video poker with deuces and one joker wild hit more and lose less often than other versions, but the apparently successful rounds involve the highest overall proportions of pushes. Similarly, jacksor-better games with no wild cards hit at about the same rate as those with a joker or four deuces wild, but more of those hits are actual wins and fewer are merely pushes. Ingenuous individuals may want to think the bosses are giving them a break with wild-card machines. They should realize that

THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years

the devil is in the details of probabilities and payoffs together, not singly. Further, optimal strategy differs among games and tends to be more complex with wild cards than on straightforward jacks-or-better games; switching because one variant looks easier to win than another, while ignoring the nuances of the alternate configurations, is therefore fraught with peril. As that irascible inkmeister, Sumner A Ingmark, indicated: It’s often losers who aren’t scared, To risk their money unprepared.


Thomas Allen

All passes. Art alone Enduring stays to us; The Bust out-lasts the throne, The coin, Tiberius. - Austin Dobson, Ars Victrix

By Anna Lee Ames Frohlich


hough he died almost two decades before I was born, my great grandfather Thomas Allen seems very real to me, as if I know him. This probably is due to the fact that I grew up with his paintings in various family homes and have seen some of them in museums and private collections. The paintings seem to speak to me, not just of the subjects, but about him. On several of his trips back to the United States from Europe, Thomas Allen made painting trips to the West. It was on these trips that he did some of his very best work. Fresh from the Royal Academy of Art in Dusseldorf, he brought the equivalent of a color camera locked within his skills. Frank T. Robinson in Living New England Artists, 1888, stated of Allen: “He is well equipped with an immense amount of study and preparation in art, is an intense and earnest student, a spirited draughtsman, interesting in his facilities and power in keeping things together on his canvas; paints with a stimulating freshness, as if his young days had been happy ones; is remarkably even and refined in sentiment and color; sees the comic side of animal and human life, as well as the serious, and is thoroughly in love with his profession.” From a visit back to his family’s home in St. Louis, it would have


Silver Sombrero

been easy for him to board a train from his father’s St. Louis, Iron Mountain, & Southern Railroad and to travel through Texarkana all the way to Galveston, Texas. The connection had just been completed in 1877 when his first paintings in that area were done. Today, the paintings that he did in Galveston in the fall of 1877 and in San Antonio and the surrounding area in 1878 – 1879, are much treasured and sought after by collectors in that area and elsewhere. He is best remembered for his oil paintings, but his watercolors were incredible too. This tiny watercolor, only 4 ¼ x 6 ¾ inches, tells of his visit to the Galveston area in 1877. It depicts the transportation used in that area for long before the days of railroads. Freighters transported their goods in heavy Mexican “carretas” pulled by oxen. In this small space, using a technique that gets away from many artists and results in blurred edges, Allen was able to crisply depict the layers of clouds and sky, the birds

following the wagons as if looking for a meal, the aura of the barren landscape dotted by prickly pear cactus, and the feeling of the laborious effort with which the caravan is progressing. One oil painting that Allen did of this same scene is labeled by him, On the road to Mexico. The rider in the picture is wearing a large Mexican sombrero like two that Thomas Allen brought home from his trips to Texas. Robinson said of Allen, “I call to mind the purity of his color in his several efforts at watercolor painting; there are no stains on his paper, no fussy stumbling and feeling about for results; he works directly and surely for incident, and not with a hope for accidental effects.” Another thing about his watercolors is they contain amazing detail for that medium. A fine example of this is Thomas Allen’s The Portal of the Mission of San Jose painted near San Antonio in 1878. The sculptures in the frieze around the doorway are so clear that years after he did the painting, and after much more deterioration had taken place, the doorway was repaired using his painting as a model.

The Portal of the Mission of San Jose In 1903 the facade of the church was braced to protect from further cracking. Joseph’s head and Mary and the baby Jesus were missing. The long and difficult process of raising funds and doing repairs was started in 1902 and mostly completed in 1941. In 1983, San Jose Mission became part of San Antonio Missions National Historic Park. (Pictures of repaired statues taken in 2000.)

Photos courtesy of Anna Lee Ames Frohlich


THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years

January 17 - 30, 2012

Trail’s End y the spring of 1859, a two-prong rush of mining frenzy brought thousands of prospectors to the West. While the miners from the played out California By Linda Wommack diggings rushed to the rich silver Comstock Lode in Nevada, an even bigger rush headed to the Rocky Mountains with the slogan of Pikes Peak Or Bust! Although, nowhere near the famous Pikes Peak, gold had been discovered at the confluence of the South Platte River and Cherry Creek, just west of today’s downtown Denver. That same year farther west into the foothills of the Rocky Mountains, John H. Gregory, ironically a veteran (with some success) of the gold diggings at Sutter’s Mill, Calif., discovered a large cache of gold at a place now called Gregory’s Gulch. With the intention of finding gold, placer miners, with their pans and sluice boxes, worked nearly side by side with the hard rock miners and their drills. So much gold was mined from the area that it became known as The Richest Square Mile On Earth, and the major factor for the creation of the Colorado Territory in 1861. On either side of the gold strike, in that narrow gulch, the mining towns of Central City and Black Hawk sprang up. While Nathaniel P. Hill built the first successful smelter in the nation at Black Hawk, President U.S. Grant walked on bricks of gold in Central City. Gold had been discovered in small quantities in the high Rockies of California Gulch for years. William Stevens, a miner with considerable experience, had battled with a heavy black soil. Curious, Stevens packed up a few soil samples from the bedrock and headed for the local assayer. Incredibly, the black sludge was discovered to be a carbonate of lead: the parent rock of silver. Stevens’ samples assayed at an incredible two and a half pounds of silver to the ton.


In the very year Colorado became a state, 1876, a new rush to the Rocky Mountains was on. Before the year was out, more than $100,000 worth of silver came out of the first developed mine in California Gulch. A new mining town was incorporated and would become legendary. They called it

January 17 - 30, 2012

This 1895 Corliss steam engine is in full working order. Photos courtesy of Western Museum of Mining and Industry

BELOW LEFT: The original 1864 Yellow Jacket Stamp Mill was moved from Summit County and rebuilt at the Western Mining Museum in Colorado Springs.

Leadville. The mines of the Leadville area would produce more than 10,000 tons of silver, 100 tons of gold, and with technology over the years, nearly 2 million tons of zinc and more than 1 million tons of lead. It was silver that would make H.A.W. Tabor the richest man in the state, a lieutenant governor of the state, and the focal point of Colorado’s most talked about love triangle in history. In 1879, a group of miners prospecting north of Leadville, along Fremont Pass, grappled with “a strange greasy metal.” This metal would later be classified as molybdenum by the Colorado Geological Survey, and would be a great asset during both World Wars, and the industries to come after the wars, as a component to harden steel. During World War II, ore and rock materials were in high demand, and Colorado mines were a major supplier. Colorado’s Yule Quarry, near the town of Marble on the Western Slope, supplied the marble for several buildings and statues. Although, the quarry is best known for the marble used to construct the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Washington, D.C. Colorado’s richest gold bonanza occurred in a volcanic bowl on the south side of that beacon from the 1859 gold rush, Pikes Peak. On Oct. 20, 1890, Robert Miller “Bob”

Womack discovered rich gold float in the waters of Cripple Creek. With the float assaying at $250 to the ton, millionaires by the ore load were made with Cripple Creek gold. More than $500 million worth of gold would be mined from the area. By 1893, the Cripple Creek Mining District forever became known as The Greatest Gold Camp On Earth. It was here that Winfield S. Stratton discovered his famous Independence Mine, one of the largest gold strikes in history. History was again made when he sold it for $10 million, the largest mine sale at the time. Even the lawyer who managed the transaction, Verner Z. Reed, pocketed a cool million for his efforts. It would be the last of Colorado’s gold boom years. However, mining is still a strong industry in Colorado. An astonishing discovery of diamonds occurred in Colorado in 1975. Yet, the largest diamond mine in Colorado, the Kelsey Lake Mine in Larimer County, opened its operation in 1996. Since then, it has produced diamonds as large as 26 carats. Colorado’s coal mining industry is also quite strong, ranking 11th in the country out of the 30 coal-producing states. The historic Cripple Creek Mining District today holds the only remaining gold mine in the state. The Cripple Creek and Victor Gold Mining Company has been a large gold producer since 1976, producing more than 22 million ounces (687.5 tons) of gold to date. The history of Colorado mining can be seen in many great museums across the state. It is quite fitting that the Western Museum of Mining and Industry is located at the base of Pikes Peak in Colorado Springs. It is here that the last great Colorado gold rush began in Cripple Creek. Some of the oldest mining equipment in the state are featured, many in working order. For information, call 719-488-0880 or visit www.wmmi. org.

THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years

An 1838 Cornish steam engine used to power an ore mine.

Cripple Creek’s mining history can be seen first hand at The Mollie Kathleen Gold Mine, which provides tours down the shaft and into the tunnels of the mine. The Cripple Creek Heritage Center offers interactive educational displays that explain everything from mining to early hotel dining in the turn of the century mining town. Call 877-858-4653. Central City and Black Hawk’s mining history can be viewed at the Gilpin County History Museum. While many exhibits change during the year, the mining history is the most comprehensive and detailed, including ore specimens from the nearby mines. Call 303-582-5283 or visit Finally the National Hall of Fame Mining Museum in Leadville provides dioramas of the area and the mine locations, several mining displays historic relics of days when silver was king. Call 719-486-1229 or visit www.mining PAGE 21

Rollin’ Dough in the


Send us your recipes! To be featured in Rollin’ in the Dough: Send us a recipe, your name, a little about yourself, why you chose that recipe, a little about your cooking style, and of course your phone number in case we have questions. Email gambler@ or mail to 8933 E Union Ave., Suite 230, Greenwood Village, CO 80111. Questions? Call Sharon at 303503-1388.

1 large onion 1 teaspoon salt 2 bay leaves 2 teaspoon whole peppercorn 2 Cups vinegar 2 Cups water 1 teaspoon pickling spice

1/4 Cup brown sugar 1/4 Cup raisins 1/4 C. Chardonnay 6 gingersnaps crumbled (approx. 1/8 teaspoon ground ginger)

Cook to simmering 4 or 5 minutes. Let cool, pour pickling solution over 5 pounds chuck rump or round of beef roast. Marinade for 3-4 days then cook at 350 degrees.

Marinated Mushrooms 1 Cup olive oil 1 Cup vegetable oil 1/2 Cup red wine vinegar 1/2 Cup lemon juice 1 teaspoon spicy brown mustard

2 teaspoons garlic 2 teaspoons basil Salt & Pepper to taste Makes 1 gallon marinade

Recipes from: Kathy Herodes, Littleton Kathy Herodes wrote in to the Colorado Gambler and wanted to share some of her and her mom’s favorite recipes. “My mom and I always liked trying different things and were interested in the Rollin’ in the Dough column,” Kathy said. “I was attracted to the Gambler because it is so well-written.” She said her simple philosophy, I believe that no matter where you are God is there with you. I love people and a good warm kitchen with love is a Recipe for a Happy Home. One part love, loyalty, forgiveness, friendship, kindness and understanding with a spoonful of hope, tenderness, a lot of faith and a barrel of laughter. Take love and loyalty. Mix it thoroughly with faith, and blend it well. Blend tenderness, kindness and understanding, then add friendship and hope and sprinkle abundantly with laughter. Last, but not least, bake it with sunshine and serve daily with generous helpings is what my mom, Daisy, taught me. Here are two of Kathy’s favorites – the other two will be included in the next issue.

Horoscope CAPRICORN - (Dec. 22 - Jan. 20) You may be asked to take an active role in a group or organization. Others are looking toward your leadership for an important cause. If you have been working toward something important or creative in your life, you will begin to see the results of your hard labor. Love is around the corner. Lucky Numbers: 12, 17, 24, 31, 34, 38 AQUARIUS - (Jan. 21 - Feb. 19) You may have a strong desire or urge to assert your own individuality. You want to become free and unstructured. Avoid explosive energies from entering your life; be assertive not aggressive. Seek out a spiritual path that can allow you to grow towards fulfillment and peace. Breathe. Lucky Numbers: 1, 11, 17, 24, 32, 46   PISCES (Feb. 20 - March 20) You are very expressive the early part of the week and are willing to make whatever personal compromises are necessary. You are the peacemaker. You may be put in the middle to delegate as one in authority. Your consciousness is rising. You become so much more aware of your surroundings and the effect you have on others. Lucky Numbers: 30, 32, 33, 44, 52, 59   ARIES - (March 21 - April 20) You may have some wonderful new and exciting ideas to increase your finances, but there is that one nagging detail you have to take care of before you can move on. Keep your focus on the opportunities and away from the drama. You are done with that. This New Year is full of great possibilities. Lucky Numbers: 3, 13, 14, 15, 29, 33

TAURUS - (April 21 - May 21) Your heart and soul wants to fly like the wind, but your wing has been caught up in something and you were unable to free yourself until now. Take pleasure in releasing your wings and set sail. Your partner is excited about something new. They will want you to hear all about it. Lucky Numbers: 1, 11, 21, 22, 26, 42   GEMINI - (May 22 - June 21) Take the time this week for inner reflection. Check in with your partner to find out where they are with everything. Is there anything bothering them that they find difficult to talk about?  Off the wall circumstances seem to come out of no where to test your endurance when it comes to balancing home and career.Lucky Numbers: 17, 19, 20, 34, 39, 44   CANCER - (June 22 - July 22) Your career or social status is not etched in stone. You find yourself more flexible and excepting change in your life, more than you have before. Goals and future dreams can now become something tangible, something you can feel and see happen. Do not let those positive opportunities slip by. Lucky Numbers: 20, 24, 29, 34, 35, 49   LEO - (July 23 – Aug. 22) You may be learning about yourself via intimate one-on-one relationships with others. Forming working units or group interactions will give you great insight on how you affect other people in their lives. Seek out opinions when you need additional advice. Creativity seeds from conflict. Lucky Numbers: 8, 9, 11, 14, 21, 32

VIRGO - (Aug. 23 - Sept. 23) Make it clear to people where you stand. Explain as effectively as possible what is on your mind. Puzzles and games stimulate your creative flow. Optimism increases as the week proceeds. Do not become sloppy about details or you could end up beginning all over again. Focus. Lucky Numbers: 4, 10, 14, 25, 31, 50   LIBRA - (Sept. 24 - Oct. 23) Getting together your new financial goal will require cleaning up a past debt or responsibility. You will want to start fresh and know you have a good foundation to begin this new project. You may have a New Year resolution; taking your health more seriously, and you will. Create a routine you can live with, not what you see going on around you. Make it perfect for you. Lucky Numbers: 16, 19, 22, 23, 40, 41   SCORPIO - (Oct. 24 - Nov. 22) If someone new has entered the picture, personal or business, be sure you have not found a repeating pattern. If they remind you of someone else, remember the lessons you’ve learned from the past. Educational opportunities are here. Communication can take on great significance; your views are expanding.Lucky Numbers: 28, 31, 33, 37, 42, 55   SAGITTARIUS - (Nov. 23 - Dec. 21) It may be difficult to know where exactly the trend of your life is taking you. You may be caught between optimism and caution. Take your time with decision making. You make the call. Plan for a great get a way in July or August. Seek out the bargains now for a long overdue vacation. Lucky Numbers: 3, 9, 15, 28, 47, 48

Contact Mary Nightstar at and type “horoscope” in the subject line. PAGE 22

THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years

January 17 - 30, 2012

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THE COLORADO GAMBLER – Celebrating 20 Years



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The Colorado Gambler_1-17-12  

Colorado's premier gaming publication celebrating 20 years serving the gaming industry

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